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Sample records for gas protocol initiative

  1. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigerati...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol...

  2. Multi-Gas Assessment of the Kyoto Protocol John Reilly,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multi-Gas Assessment of the Kyoto Protocol John Reilly,* Ronald G. Prinn,* Jochen Harnisch,* Jean in the protocol appear to be an adequate representation of trace gas climatic effects. The principal reason for the success of this simplified GWP approach in our calculations is that the mix of gas emissions resulting

  3. Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Infrastructure Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and...

  4. Maine Tidal Power Initiative: Environmental Impact Protocols For Tidal Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Michael Leroy; Zydlewski, Gayle Barbin; Xue, Huijie; Johnson, Teresa R.

    2014-02-02

    The Maine Tidal Power Initiative (MTPI), an interdisciplinary group of engineers, biologists, oceanographers, and social scientists, has been conducting research to evaluate tidal energy resources and better understand the potential effects and impacts of marine hydro-kinetic (MHK) development on the environment and local community. Project efforts include: 1) resource assessment, 2) development of initial device design parameters using scale model tests, 3) baseline environmental studies and monitoring, and 4) human and community responses. This work included in-situ measurement of the environmental and social response to the pre-commercial Turbine Generator Unit (TGU®) developed by Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) as well as considering the path forward for smaller community scale projects.

  5. Monitoring protocol for Gas Research Institute natural gas vehicle field test projects. Topical report, March-October 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Londos, T.C.; Agan, D.D.

    1991-10-01

    In order to ensure the consistency and comparability of natural gas vehicle (NGV) operation and performance data, a data collection protocol was developed. Recommendations were also made for emission testing of NGVs. The protocol utilizes an online database management and reporting system for timely dissemination of data to interested parties within industry and government. Further evaluation and testing of the protocol will be completed before final documentation of the protocol.

  6. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: Allocation of Emissions from a

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5thInformation Geyser

  7. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: Measurement and Estimation of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5thInformation GeyserUncertainty of GHG

  8. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    emissions from purchased electricity, stationary combustion, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, and several industrial sectors. References Retrieved from "http:...

  9. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Stationary...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from purchased electricity, transport or mobile sources, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, and several industrial sectors. References 1.0 1.1 "Stationary...

  10. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: Allocation of Emissions...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    electricity, stationary combustion, mobile combustion, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, and several industrial sectors. References 1.0 1.1 "CHP Guidance...

  11. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Purchased...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from stationary combustion, transport or mobile sources, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, and several industrial sectors. References 1.0 1.1 "Electricity...

  12. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: Measurement and Estimation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    electricity, stationary combustion, mobile combustion, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, and several industrial sectors. References 1.0 1.1 "GHG...

  13. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Purchased

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy andInstitute Jump to:

  14. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy andInstitute Jump to:and Air Conditioning |

  15. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: Sector Specific Tools | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy andInstitute Jump to:and Air Conditioning

  16. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Stationary

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources <forGerman WindCombustion | Open

  17. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport or

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources <forGerman WindCombustion |

  18. Greenhouse Gas Regional Inventory Protocol (GRIP) Website | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New PagesInformation Regional Inventory Protocol (GRIP) Website

  19. Fact Sheet: Advanced Natural Gas Systems Manufacturing R&D Initiative...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Fact Sheet: Advanced Natural Gas Systems Manufacturing R&D Initiative Fact Sheet: Advanced Natural Gas Systems Manufacturing R&D Initiative The following fact sheet outlines one of...

  20. U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas intensity by 18% over the 2002 to 2012 time frame. For the purposes of the initiative, greenhouse gas intensity is defined as the ratio of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to economic output.

  1. The effect of initial gas content and distribution on the residual gas content of cores after waterflooding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, James Kelly

    1953-01-01

    THE EFFECT OF INITIAL GAS CONTENT AND DISTRIBUTION ON THE RESIDUAL GAS CONTENT OF CORES AFTER WATERF LOODING A Thesis By JAMES KELLY ELLIOTT Approved as to style and content by: hairman of Committ e THE EFFECT OF INITIAL GAS CONTENT... AND DISTRIBUTION ON THE RESIDUAL GAS CONTENT OF CORES AFTER WATERFLOODING By JAMES KELLY ELLIOTT A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  2. World Shale Gas Resources: An Initial Assessment of 14 Regions Outside the United States

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration sponsored Advanced Resources International, Inc., to assess 48 gas shale basins in 32 countries, containing almost 70 shale gas formations. This effort has culminated in the report: World Shale Gas Resources: An Initial Assessment of 14 Regions Outside the United States.

  3. Greenhouse Gas Initiative Scenario Database | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,Solar Jump to: navigation, searchInitiative Scenario Database

  4. Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcoming events intheSafety ProgramsNatural

  5. DOE Initiates Series of Liquefied Natural Gas Public Education Forums |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle10nominate an employee forThisMillionBoilers |Department

  6. Effects of fluid properties and initial gas saturation on oil recovery by water flooding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Marion Denson

    1959-01-01

    EFFECTS OF FLUID PROPERTIES AND INITIAL GAS SATURATION ON OIL RECOVERY BY WATER FLOODING A Thesis By MARION D. ARNOLD Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1959 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering EFFECTS OF FLUID PROPERTIES AND INITIAL GAS SATURATION ON OIL RECOVERY BY WATER FLOODING A Thesis By MARION D, ARNOLD Approved as to style and content by...

  7. U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity-defined as the ratio of total U.S. GHG emissions to economic output-by 18% over the 2002 to 2012 time frame.

  8. Quantification of initial-data uncertainty on a shock-accelerated gas cylinder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tritschler, V. K. Avdonin, A.; Hickel, S.; Hu, X. Y.; Adams, N. A.

    2014-02-15

    We quantify initial-data uncertainties on a shock accelerated heavy-gas cylinder by two-dimensional well-resolved direct numerical simulations. A high-resolution compressible multicomponent flow simulation model is coupled with a polynomial chaos expansion to propagate the initial-data uncertainties to the output quantities of interest. The initial flow configuration follows previous experimental and numerical works of the shock accelerated heavy-gas cylinder. We investigate three main initial-data uncertainties, (i) shock Mach number, (ii) contamination of SF{sub 6} with acetone, and (iii) initial deviations of the heavy-gas region from a perfect cylindrical shape. The impact of initial-data uncertainties on the mixing process is examined. The results suggest that the mixing process is highly sensitive to input variations of shock Mach number and acetone contamination. Additionally, our results indicate that the measured shock Mach number in the experiment of Tomkins et al. [“An experimental investigation of mixing mechanisms in shock-accelerated flow,” J. Fluid. Mech. 611, 131 (2008)] and the estimated contamination of the SF{sub 6} region with acetone [S. K. Shankar, S. Kawai, and S. K. Lele, “Two-dimensional viscous flow simulation of a shock accelerated heavy gas cylinder,” Phys. Fluids 23, 024102 (2011)] exhibit deviations from those that lead to best agreement between our simulations and the experiment in terms of overall flow evolution.

  9. The domestic natural gas and oil initiative. Energy leadership in the world economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    Two key overarching goals of this Initiative are enhancing the efficiency and competitiveness of U.S. industry and reducing the trends toward higher imports. These goals take into account new Federal policies that reflect economic needs, including economic growth, deficit reduction, job creation and security, and global competitiveness, as well as the need to preserve the environment, improve energy efficiency, and provide for national security. The success of this Initiative clearly requires coordinated strategies that range far beyond policies primarily directed at natural gas and oil supplies. Therefore, this Initiative proposes three major strategic activities: Strategic Activity 1 -- increase domestic natural gas and oil production and environmental protection by advancing and disseminating new exploration, production, and refining technologies; Strategic Activity 2 -- stimulate markets for natural gas and natural-gas-derived products, including their use as substitutes for imported oil where feasible; and Strategic Activity 3 -- ensure cost-effective environmental protection by streamlining and improving government communication, decision making, and regulation. Finally, the Initiative will reexamine the costs and benefits of increase oil imports through a broad new Department of Energy study. This study will form the basis for additional actions found to be warranted under the study.

  10. Greenovate Composting Fellowship Greenovate Boston is the City's initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25% by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    effort to divert food waste on a large scale. If successful, it can influence food waste diversion Composting Fellowship Greenovate Boston is the City's initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25, healthy, and innovative city. A Greenovate community composting program was piloted in 2014, and met

  11. Field Laboratory in the Osage Reservation -- Determination of the Status of Oil and Gas Operations: Task 1. Development of Survey Procedures and Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Herbert B.; Johnson, William I.

    1999-04-27

    Procedures and protocols were developed for the determination of the status of oil, gas, and other mineral operations on the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate. The strategy for surveying Osage County, Oklahoma, was developed and then tested in the field. Two Osage Tribal Council members and two Native American college students (who are members of the Osage Tribe) were trained in the field as a test of the procedures and protocols developed in Task 1. Active and inactive surface mining operations, industrial sites, and hydrocarbon-producing fields were located on maps of the county, which was divided into four more or less equal areas for future investigation. Field testing of the procedures, protocols, and training was successful. No significant damage was found at petroleum production operations in a relatively new production operation and in a mature waterflood operation.

  12. SOLAS Mid Term Strategy Initiative "Air-sea gas fluxes at Eastern boundary upwelling and Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ) systems"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 SOLAS Mid Term Strategy Initiative "Air-sea gas fluxes at Eastern boundary upwelling and Oxygen Lachkar, ETH Zurich, Suisse Parv Suntharalingam, UEA, UK Martin Hernandez Ayon, UABC, Mexico +of course of SOLAS and to the Workshop Véronique Garçon 09:50 Surface (energy and water) fluxes at the air

  13. The atomization of a liquid jet by a high speed cross-flowing gas has many applications such as gas turbines and augmentors. The mechanisms by which the liquid jet initially breaks up, however, are not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The atomization of a liquid jet by a high speed cross-flowing gas has many applications such as gas turbines and augmentors. The mechanisms by which the liquid jet initially breaks up, however, are not well

  14. CO{sub 2} Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtraw, Dallas; Kahn, Danny; Palmer, Karen

    2006-03-01

    The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative among Northeastern states is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the region and beyond. In the RGGI region, changes in the value of electricity-generating assets may be positive or negative, while changes outside the Northeast are virtually always positive. For stakeholders in the industry, the change depends on the portfolio of assets held by affected firms. (author)

  15. Doublylogarithmic Energyefficient Initialization Protocols for Singlehop Radio Jacir L. Bordim y , Jiangtao Cui z , Naohiro Ishii z , and Koji Nakano y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakano, Koji

    , is exceedingly important to save power to allow the stations to run for a longer period of time. Conse­ quently, we are interested in developing protocols that allow stations to power off their transceiver to t network is a distributed system with no cen­ tral shared resource, consisting of n stations each equipped

  16. A review of gas-cooled reactor concepts for SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, A.C.

    1989-08-01

    We have completed a review of multimegawatt gas-cooled reactor concepts proposed for SDI applications. Our study concluded that the principal reason for considering gas-cooled reactors for burst-mode operation was the potential for significant system mass savings over closed-cycle systems if open-cycle gas-cooled operation (effluent exhausted to space) is acceptable. The principal reason for considering gas-cooled reactors for steady-state operation is that they may represent a lower technology risk than other approaches. In the review, nine gas-cooled reactor concepts were compared to identify the most promising. For burst-mode operation, the NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) derivative reactor concept emerged as a strong first choice since its performance exceeds the anticipated operational requirements and the technology has been demonstrated and is retrievable. Although the NERVA derivative concepts were determined to be the lead candidates for the Multimegawatt Steady-State (MMWSS) mode as well, their lead over the other candidates is not as great as for the burst mode. 90 refs., 2 figs., 10 tabs.

  17. Effect of GOR, Temperature, and Initial Water Saturation on Solution-Gas Drive in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    of the stock-tank oil from Hamaca field (in Venezuela) used in our tests are 560,000 cp (at 24°C) and 8 on the effect of initial water saturation, solution GOR, and temperature. We used Hamaca stock-tank crude (from of the paper, we will discuss the results, followed by a number of conclusions. Experimental Live Oil. Stock

  18. Possible smoking-gun evidence for initial mass segregation in re-virialized post-gas expulsion globular clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haghi, Hosein; Kroupa, Pavel; Banerjee, Sambaran; Baumgardt, Holger

    2015-01-01

    We perform a series of direct $N$-body calculations to investigate the effect of residual gas expulsion from the gas-embedded progenitors of present-day globular clusters (GCs) on the stellar mass function (MF). Our models start either tidally filling or underfilling, and either with or without primordial mass segregation. We cover 100 Myr of the evolution of modeled clusters and show that the expulsion of residual gas from initially mass-segregated clusters leads to a significantly shallower slope of the stellar MF in the low- ($m\\leq 0.50 M_\\odot$) and intermediate-mass ($\\simeq 0.50-0.85 M_\\odot$) regime. Therefore, the imprint of residual gas expulsion and primordial mass segregation might be visible in the present-day MF. We find that the strength of the external tidal field, as an essential parameter, influences the degree of flattening, such that a primordially mass-segregated tidally-filling cluster with $r_h/r_t\\geq 0.1$ shows a strongly depleted MF in the intermediate stellar mass range. Therefore, ...

  19. Fact Sheet: Advanced Natural Gas Systems Manufacturing R&D initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report to Congress MoreHyd rog enOffice ofSinceEvents at LANL

  20. Initial Requirements for Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor (GFR) System Design, Performance, and Safety Analysis Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevan D. Weaver; Thomas Y. C. Wei

    2004-08-01

    The gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) was chosen as one of the Generation IV nuclear reactor systems to be developed based on its excellent potential for sustainability through reduction of the volume and radio toxicity of both its own fuel and other spent nuclear fuel, and for extending/utilizing uranium resources orders of magnitude beyond what the current open fuel cycle can realize. In addition, energy conversion at high thermal efficiency is possible with the current designs being considered, thus increasing the economic benefit of the GFR. However, research and development challenges include the ability to use passive decay heat removal systems during accident conditions, survivability of fuels and in-core materials under extreme temperatures and radiation, and economical and efficient fuel cycle processes. Nevertheless, the GFR was chosen as one of only six Generation IV systems to be pursued based on its ability to meet the Generation IV goals in sustainability, economics, safety and reliability, proliferation resistance and physical protection.

  1. International Experience with Key Program Elements of Industrial Energy Efficiency or Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target-Setting Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Kramer, Klaas Jan

    2008-01-01

    Global Reporting Initiative, Energy Consumption Protocol153 the Global Reporting Initiative’s Energy Consumption

  2. The Pulse Protocol: Energy Efficient Infrastructure Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awerbuch, Baruch

    The Pulse Protocol: Energy Efficient Infrastructure Access Baruch Awerbuch, David Holmer, herb}@cs.jhu.edu Abstract-- We present the Pulse protocol which is designed for multi-hop wireless. The Pulse protocol utilizes a periodic flood initiated at the network gateways which provides both routing

  3. The Design, Construction, and Initial Characterization of an Ultra-Low-Background Gas-Proportional Counting System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seifert, Allen; Aalseth, Craig E.; Day, Anthony R.; Fuller, Erin S.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Keillor, Martin E.; Mace, Emily K.; Overman, Cory T.; Warren, Glen A.

    2013-05-01

    ABSTRACT Over the past several years, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has developed an ultra-low background proportional counter (ULBPC) technology. The resulting detector is the product of an effort to produce a low-background, physically robust gas proportional counter for applications like radon emanation measurements, groundwater tritium, and 37Ar. In order to fully take advantage of the inherent low-background properties designed into the ULBPC, a comparably low-background dedicated counting system is required. An ultra-low-background counting system (ULBCS) was recently built in the new shallow underground laboratory at PNNL. With a design depth of 30 meters water-equivalent, the shallow underground laboratory provides approximately 100x fewer fast neutrons and 6x fewer muons than a surface location. The ULBCS itself provides additional shielding in the form of active anti-cosmic veto (via 2-in. thick plastic scintillator paddles) and passive borated poly (1 in.), lead (6 in.), and copper (~3 in.) shielding. This work will provide details on PNNL’s new shallow underground laboratory, examine the motivation for the design of the counting system, and provide results from the characterization of the ULBCS, including initial detector background.

  4. Session initiation protocol for wireless channels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajaram, Vijay Sundar

    2007-04-25

    , TCP?s overcautious approach reduces its window size to half of what it was before the loss. But the rate of tranmission is not the primary concern here. So the expressions for call setup time derived for UDP holds good for TCP too with the exception...

  5. The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

    Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

  6. Design and initial results from a kilojoule level dense plasma focus with hollow anode and cylindrically symmetric gas puff

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellsworth, J. L., E-mail: ellsworth7@llnl.gov; Falabella, S.; Tang, V.; Schmidt, A.; Guethlein, G.; Hawkins, S.; Rusnak, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

    2014-01-15

    We have designed and built a Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) Z-pinch device using a kJ-level capacitor bank and a hollow anode, and fueled by a cylindrically symmetric gas puff. Using this device, we have measured peak deuteron beam energies of up to 400 keV at 0.8 kJ capacitor bank energy and pinch lengths of ?6 mm, indicating accelerating fields greater than 50 MV/m. Neutron yields of on the order of 10{sup 7} per shot were measured during deuterium operation. The cylindrical gas puff system permitted simultaneous operation of DPF with a radiofrequency quadrupole accelerator for beam-into-plasma experiments. This paper describes the machine design, the diagnostic systems, and our first results.

  7. Initial activity of reduced chromia/alumina catalyst in n-butane dehydrogenation monitored by on-line FT-IR gas analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakuli, A.; Kytoekivi, A.; Suntola, T.

    1996-06-01

    The initial activity of chromia/alumina catalyst (13 wt% Cr) in n-butane dehydrogenation was studied in a flow reactor at 853 K. The initial activity was determined by on-line FT-IR gas analysis, which enabled sampling of the gaseous product mixture at a time resolution of seconds. The catalysts were processed in repeated cycles of oxidation, reduction, and dehydrogenation using n-butane, methane, hydrogen, or carbon monoxide as reducing agents. With n-butane, methane, and hydrogen and dehydrogenation activity was associated with Cr{sup 3+} species apparently formed in the reduction of high-valence Cr species. The catalyst reduced with carbon monoxide at 853 K showed poor initial selectivity for butenes and, relative to the other catalysts. Simultaneous data relating the initial activity, coke content, and some of the physicochemical properties of the catalyst indicated that the surfaces of all catalysts were modified to some extent by the successive reaction cycles. 33 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Protocol for House Parties

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Protocol for House Parties, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  9. Development And Initial Testing Of Off-Gas Recycle Liquid From The WTP Low Activity Waste Vitrification Process - 14333

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCabe, Daniel J.; Wilmarth, William R.; Nash, Charles A.; Taylor-Pashow, Kathryn M.; Adamson, Duane J.; Crawford, Charles L.; Morse, Megan M.

    2014-01-07

    The Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) process flow was designed to pre-treat feed from the Hanford tank farms, separate it into a High Level Waste (HLW) and Low Activity Waste (LAW) fraction and vitrify each fraction in separate facilities. Vitrification of the waste generates an aqueous condensate stream from the off-gas processes. This stream originates from two off-gas treatment unit operations, the Submerged Bed Scrubber (SBS) and the Wet Electrospray Precipitator (WESP). Currently, the baseline plan for disposition of the stream from the LAW melter is to recycle it to the Pretreatment facility where it gets evaporated and processed into the LAW melter again. If the Pretreatment facility is not available, the baseline disposition pathway is not viable. Additionally, some components in the stream are volatile at melter temperatures, thereby accumulating to high concentrations in the scrubbed stream. It would be highly beneficial to divert this stream to an alternate disposition path to alleviate the close-coupled operation of the LAW vitrification and Pretreatment facilities, and to improve long-term throughput and efficiency of the WTP system. In order to determine an alternate disposition path for the LAW SBS/WESP Recycle stream, a range of options are being studied. A simulant of the LAW Off-Gas Condensate was developed, based on the projected composition of this stream, and comparison with pilot-scale testing. The primary radionuclide that vaporizes and accumulates in the stream is Tc-99, but small amounts of several other radionuclides are also projected to be present in this stream. The processes being investigated for managing this stream includes evaporation and radionuclide removal via precipitation and adsorption. During evaporation, it is of interest to investigate the formation of insoluble solids to avoid scaling and plugging of equipment. Key parameters for radionuclide removal include identifying effective precipitation or ion adsorption chemicals, solid-liquid separation methods, and achievable decontamination factors. Results of the radionuclide removal testing indicate that the radionuclides, including Tc-99, can be removed with inorganic sorbents and precipitating agents. Evaporation test results indicate that the simulant can be evaporated to fairly high concentration prior to formation of appreciable solids, but corrosion has not yet been examined.

  10. THE RIMINI PROTOCOL Oil Depletion Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    1 THE RIMINI PROTOCOL an Oil Depletion Protocol ~ Heading Off Economic Chaos and Political Conflict During the Second Half of the Age of Oil As proposed at the 2003 Pio Manzu Conference Soaring oil prices have drawn attention to the issue of the relative supply and demand for crude oil

  11. Webinar: Hydrogen Refueling Protocols

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Video recording and text version of the webinar titled, Hydrogen Refueling Protocols, originally presented on February 22, 2013.

  12. Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Sinderen, Marten

    Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

  13. Assistance to Oil and Gas State Agencies and Industry through Continuation of Environmental and Production Data Management and a Water Regulatory Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grunewald, Ben; Arthur, Dan; Langhus, Bruce; Gillespie, Tom; Binder, Ben; Warner, Don; Roberts, Jim; Cox, D.O.

    2002-05-31

    This grant project was a major step toward completion of the Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) project. Additionally the project addresses the needs identified during the projects initial phases. By implementing this project, the following outcomes were sought: (1) State regulatory agencies implemented more formalized environmental risk management practices as they pertain to the production of oil and gas, and injection via Class II wells. (2) Enhancement of oil and gas production by implementing a management system supporting the saving of abandoned or idle wells located in areas with a relatively low environmental risk of endangering underground sources of drinking water (USDWs) in a particular state. (3) Verification that protection of USDWs is adequate and additional restrictions of requirements are not necessary in areas with a relatively low environmental risk. (4) Standardization of data and information maintained by state regulatory agencies and decrease the regulatory cost burden on producers operating in multiple states, and (5) Development of a system for electronic data transfer among operators and state regulatory agencies and reduction of overall operator reporting burdens.

  14. Chapter 14: Chiller Evaluation Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiessen, A.

    2014-09-01

    This protocol defines a chiller measure as a project that directly impacts equipment within the boundary of a chiller plant. A chiller plant encompasses a chiller--or multiple chillers--and associated auxiliary equipment. This protocol primarily covers electric-driven chillers and chiller plants. It does not include thermal energy storage and absorption chillers fired by natural gas or steam, although a similar methodology may be applicable to these chilled water system components. Chillers provide mechanical cooling for commercial, institutional, multiunit residential, and industrial facilities. Cooling may be required for facility heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems or for process cooling loads (e.g., data centers, manufacturing process cooling). The vapor compression cycle, or refrigeration cycle, cools water in the chilled water loop by absorbing heat and rejecting it to either a condensing water loop (water cooled chillers) or to the ambient air (air-cooled chillers).

  15. Application Protocols o Multimedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biagioni, Edoardo S.

    Application Protocols o Telnet o FTP o WWW o SMTP o NNTP o IRC 7 #12; IRC o Internet Relay Chat o similar to telnet o chat

  16. Opportunities for market-based programs worldwide that reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Initial Observations from Missions to the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanton-Hoyle, D.R.

    1998-07-01

    Globally, governments and industries are implementing innovative voluntary programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Often these programs encourage groups to use cost effective technologies that capture market-based forces. These programs are successful because they capitalize on existing opportunities where both the environment and the participants can benefit (i.e., win-win opportunities). This paper documents efforts to investigate these kinds of win-win opportunities in three developing countries: the Philippines, South Africa, and Mexico. Initial observations are provided as fresh information from the field, drawing on six missions during the last nine months. Utility costs, interest rates, and overall economic health appear to critically affect opportunities in each country. By contrast, details of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) design and local climate were often important differences between countries. These affect opportunities, for example, to achieve significant savings from cooling systems or not. Looking at the success of ESCOs was somewhat surprising. One might expect to see the most successful ESCO activity where utility costs are high and upgrade opportunities are plentiful (such as in the Philippines). This was not the case, however, as research in the Philippines did not reveal even one active ESCO contract yet. Design practices for new construction were in need of the same thing that helps US design teams do a better job of energy-efficient design, better communications between design team members. Finally, industrial firms were doing a variety of EE upgrades in each country, but this level of activity was relatively small compared to what should be cost effective.

  17. Digest of Global Initiatives (June 16, 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    it comes to clean energy, energy security, environmental stabilitDigest of Global Initiatives (June 16, 2011) Active or Pending: Active Title: Eco, and practical protocols for the best solutions for global energy, climate, and environmental problems. More than

  18. INTERNET PROTOCOL DARPA INTERNET PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    RFC: 791 INTERNET PROTOCOL DARPA INTERNET PROGRAM PROTOCOL SPECIFICATION September 1981 prepared Way Marina del Rey, California 90291 #12;#12;September 1981 Internet Protocol TABLE OF CONTENTS ...................................................... 9 3. SPECIFICATION ................................................... 11 3.1 Internet Header Format

  19. Wumpus Protocol Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Barbara Y.

    The goal of this research was to assist in the creation of a new, improved Wumpus advisor by taking protocols of ten people learning to play Wumpus with a human coach. It was hoped that by observing these subjects learn ...

  20. Internet Security Protocols Prof. Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    SOCKETS LAYER (SSL) v layered on top of TCP v SSL versions 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 3.1 v Netscape protocol v later algorithm � cipher spec · encryption algorithm · message digest algorithm � master secret · 48 byte shared secret � is resumable flag · can be used to initiate new connections 10© Ravi Sandhu 2001 SSL CONNECTION

  1. Internet Security Protocols Prof. Ravi Sandhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    -2004 SECURE SOCKETS LAYER (SSL) layered on top of TCP SSL versions 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 3.1 Netscape protocol later secret · 48 byte shared secret is resumable flag · can be used to initiate new connections 10© Ravi each keys generated from master secret, client/server random client_write_MAC_secret server_write_MAC_secret

  2. Evolving Custom Communication Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Evolving Custom Communication Protocols by Wes Faler of Part-Time Scientists for 28C3, Berlin One-at-time simulation #12;Easy as 1...2...3... Parameter sweep int driver_movesPerTransaction[] = { 1, 20 }; int driver_wheelTicksPerCommand[] = { 512, 4096 }; int driver_commandsPerPacket[] = { 1, 25

  3. House Simulation Protocols Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    House Simulation Protocols Report House Simulation Protocols Report Report cover Building America's House Simulation Protocols report is designed to assist researchers in tracking...

  4. Protocol for secure quantum machine learning at a distant place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seung-Woo Lee; Hyunseok Jeong

    2015-08-05

    The application of machine learning to quantum information processing has recently attracted keen interest, particularly for the optimization of control parameters in quantum tasks without any pre-programmed knowledge. By adapting the machine learning technique, we present a novel protocol in which an arbitrarily initialized device at a learner's location is taught by a provider located at a distant place. The protocol is designed such that any external learner who attempts to participate in or disrupt the learning process can be prohibited or noticed. We numerically demonstrate that our protocol works faithfully for single-qubit operation devices. A trade-off between the inaccuracy and the learning time is also analyzed.

  5. Protocol for secure quantum machine learning at a distant place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seung-Woo Lee; Hyunseok Jeong

    2015-04-20

    The application of machine learning to quantum information processing has recently attracted keen interest, particularly for the optimization of control parameters in quantum tasks without any pre-programmed knowledge. By adapting the machine learning technique, we present a novel protocol in which an arbitrarily initialized device at a learner's location is taught by a provider located at a distant place. The protocol is designed such that any external learner who attempts to participate in or disrupt the learning process can be prohibited or noticed. We numerically demonstrate that our protocol works faithfully for single-qubit operation devices. A tradeoff between the inaccuracy and the learning time is also analyzed.

  6. Superior Energy Performance Certification Protocol

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Superior Energy Performance cm Certification Protocol December 7, 2012 D R A F T f o r R E V I E W Superior Energy Performance cm Certification Protocol 1 December 7, 2012 2012...

  7. Energy Department Launches Public-Private Initiative to Help...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Launches Public-Private Initiative to Help Oil and Natural Gas Industry Strengthen Its Cybersecurity Capabilities Energy Department Launches Public-Private Initiative to Help Oil...

  8. Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, David R.; Crawford, Aladsair J.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Ferreira, Summer; Schoenwald, David

    2014-06-01

    The Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems (PNNL-22010) was first issued in November 2012 as a first step toward providing a foundational basis for developing an initial standard for the uniform measurement and expression of energy storage system (ESS) performance. Its subsequent use in the field and review by the protocol working group and most importantly the users’ subgroup and the thermal subgroup has led to the fundamental modifications reflected in this update of the 2012 Protocol. As an update of the 2012 Protocol, this document (the June 2014 Protocol) is intended to supersede its predecessor and be used as the basis for measuring and expressing ESS performance. The foreword provides general and specific details about what additions, revisions, and enhancements have been made to the 2012 Protocol and the rationale for them in arriving at the June 2014 Protocol.

  9. SCB initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickes Jr., Robert W.; Renlund, Anita M.; Stanton, Philip L.

    1994-11-01

    A detonator for high explosives initiated by mechanical impact includes a cylindrical barrel, a layer of flyer material mechanically covering the barrel at one end, and a semiconductor bridge ignitor including a pair of electrically conductive pads connected by a semiconductor bridge. The bridge is in operational contact with the layer, whereby ignition of said bridge forces a portion of the layer through the barrel to detonate the explosive. Input means are provided for igniting the semiconductor bridge ignitor.

  10. SCB initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickes, Jr., Robert W. (Albuquerque, NM); Renlund, Anita M. (Albuquerque, NM); Stanton, Philip L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01

    A detonator for high explosives initiated by mechanical impact includes a cylindrical barrel, a layer of flyer material mechanically covering the barrel at one end, and a semiconductor bridge ignitor including a pair of electrically conductive pads connected by a semiconductor bridge. The bridge is in operational contact with the layer, whereby ignition of said bridge forces a portion of the layer through the barrel to detonate the explosive. Input means are provided for igniting the semiconductor bridge ignitor.

  11. Thesis Research Protocol November 2013 1 Thesis Research Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Thesis Research Protocol November 2013 1 Thesis Research Protocol November 2013 Thesis Research Project The master's programme Industrial Ecology is completed by the Thesis Research Project (TRP Ecology. The Thesis Research Project is composed of two modules: a Thesis Preparation Module (6 EC

  12. Sex GENOTYPING PROTOCOL PCR PROTOCOL NAME: Sex1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Sex GENOTYPING PROTOCOL GENE NAME: PCR PROTOCOL NAME: Sex1 PCR REAGENTS: 10X NEB THERMOPOL PCR) PRIMERS: Sex1 Forward (20uM Standard Working Concentration) Sex1 Reverse (20uM Standard Working CONDITIONS: Sex (or Sex1) 95 C for 3 min 95 C for 30 sec 60 C for 1 min 35 cycles

  13. BARNARD COLLEGE Termination of a Research Protocol Involving Human Subjects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BARNARD COLLEGE Termination of a Research Protocol Involving Human Subjects Title: Principal) Study subjects: A total of _____ subjects were enrolled since the last report to the IRB. Since initial study approval on _____________ a total of _____ subjects have been enrolled in this study and ____ have

  14. CREATION OF THE MODEL ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houck, F.; Rosenthal, M.; Wulf, N.

    2010-05-25

    In 1991, the international nuclear nonproliferation community was dismayed to discover that the implementation of safeguards by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) under its NPT INFCIRC/153 safeguards agreement with Iraq had failed to detect Iraq's nuclear weapon program. It was now clear that ensuring that states were fulfilling their obligations under the NPT would require not just detecting diversion but also the ability to detect undeclared materials and activities. To achieve this, the IAEA initiated what would turn out to be a five-year effort to reappraise the NPT safeguards system. The effort engaged the IAEA and its Member States and led to agreement in 1997 on a new safeguards agreement, the Model Protocol Additional to the Agreement(s) between States and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards. The Model Protocol makes explicit that one IAEA goal is to provide assurance of the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities. The Model Protocol requires an expanded declaration that identifies a State's nuclear potential, empowers the IAEA to raise questions about the correctness and completeness of the State's declaration, and, if needed, allows IAEA access to locations. The information required and the locations available for access are much broader than those provided for under INFCIRC/153. The negotiation was completed in quite a short time because it started with a relatively complete draft of an agreement prepared by the IAEA Secretariat. This paper describes how the Model Protocol was constructed and reviews key decisions that were made both during the five-year period and in the actual negotiation.

  15. Numerical modeling of self-limiting and self-enhancing caprock alteration induced by CO2 storage in a depleted gas reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gherardi, Fabrizio

    2008-01-01

    under different reservoir gas saturation initial conditions.to initial reservoir gas saturation has been explored, anddone for initial reservoir gas saturations varying from 0.1

  16. STANDARD OPERATING PROTOCOLS FOR DECOMMISSIONING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foss, D. L.; Stevens, J. L.; Gerdeman, F. W.

    2002-02-25

    Decommissioning projects at Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) sites are conducted under project-specific decision documents, which involve extensive preparation time, public comment periods, and regulatory approvals. Often, the decision documents must be initiated at least one year before commencing the decommissioning project, and they are expensive and time consuming to prepare. The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) is a former nuclear weapons production plant at which hazardous substances and wastes were released or disposed during operations. As a result of the releases, RFETS was placed on the National Priorities List in 1989, and is conducting cleanup activities under a federal facilities compliance agreement. Working closely with interested stakeholders and state and federal regulatory agencies, RFETS has developed and implemented an improved process for obtaining the approvals. The key to streamlining the approval process has been the development of sitewide decision documents called Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement Standard Operating Protocols or ''RSOPs.'' RSOPs have broad applicability, and could be used instead of project-specific documents. Although no two decommissioning projects are exactly the same and they may vary widely in contamination and other hazards, the basic steps taken for cleanup are usually similar. Because of this, using RSOPs is more efficient than preparing a separate project-specific decision documents for each cleanup action. Over the Rocky Flats cleanup life cycle, using RSOPs has the potential to: (1) Save over 5 million dollars and 6 months on the site closure schedule; (2) Eliminate preparing one hundred and twenty project-specific decision documents; and (3) Eliminate writing seventy-five closure description documents for hazardous waste unit closure and corrective actions.

  17. Asset Revitalization Initiative ARI

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u tCorporationIt's Potential from Tidal StreamsInitiative (

  18. The HART{reg_sign} Protocol -- A solution enabling technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helson, R.B.

    1996-09-01

    HART{reg_sign} Field Communications Protocol is widely accepted in the industry as the standard for digitally enhanced 4--20mA communication with smart field instruments. A wide range of products from an increasing number of suppliers are available today, and many more are in development. The enhanced two-way communication capability of instruments using the HART protocol can significantly improve plant information management, provide solutions to today`s business challenges, and yield substantial cost savings. Initial installation/commissioning savings of $400 to $500 per instrument and annual maintenance/operations savings of $100 to $200 per instrument are commonly reported.

  19. Satellite Transport Protocol (STP): An SSCOPbased Transport Protocol for Datagram Satellite Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    1 Satellite Transport Protocol (STP): An SSCOP­based Transport Protocol for Datagram Satellite Networks Thomas R. Henderson * and Randy H. Katz University of California at Berkeley {tomh­based protocol, the Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol (SSCOP), for use as a transport protocol

  20. Expressive Analytical Model for Routing Protocols infor Routing Protocols in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Christine

    Taesoo Jun Angela Dalton Sh h k B dShreeshankar Bodas Christine Julien Sriram Vishwanath TR-UTEDGE-2007 in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Taesoo Jun, Angela Dalton, Shreeshankar Bodas, Christine Julien, and Sriram, sriram}@ece.utexas.edu Abstract--Many routing protocols exist for mobile ad hoc networks. To select

  1. Reviews and approves OG protocol Publishes New protocols, Revisions,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    CIRB reviews/approves Study-Specific Worksheet; notifies researcher & local IRB of acceptance Confirms- Specific Worksheet Worksheet Acceptance (site accepted) New protocols Revisions Renewals DSMB rpts Local local site closure to Researcher and to local IRB Oncology Group (OG) Scientific review at CTEP takes

  2. Instrumented Pipeline Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Piro; Michael Ream

    2010-07-31

    This report summarizes technical progress achieved during the cooperative agreement between Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC) and U.S. Department of Energy to address the need for a for low-cost monitoring and inspection sensor system as identified in the Department of Energy (DOE) National Gas Infrastructure Research & Development (R&D) Delivery Reliability Program Roadmap.. The Instrumented Pipeline Initiative (IPI) achieved the objective by researching technologies for the monitoring of pipeline delivery integrity, through a ubiquitous network of sensors and controllers to detect and diagnose incipient defects, leaks, and failures. This report is organized by tasks as detailed in the Statement of Project Objectives (SOPO). The sections all state the objective and approach before detailing results of work.

  3. Library Protocol Safety and Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Library Protocol Safety and Security · The library is open only to members of Brasenose; strangers are not to be admitted. · Eating, drinking (with the exception of water) and smoking are strictly forbidden. · Library the library. · Lampshades must not be tilted or have notes, postcards etc attached to them; any such items

  4. A game of climate chicken : can EPA regulate greenhouse gases before the U.S. Senate ratifies the Kyoto Protocol?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bugnion, Véronique.; Reiner, David M.

    EPA's legal authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions under the Clean Air Act is reviewed. While EPA clearly does not have the authority to implement the precise terms of the Kyoto Protocol, arguments could be put ...

  5. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National Nuclear Securityhr INITIATED BY: INITIATED BY:

  6. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National Nuclear Securityhr INITIATED BY: INITIATED

  7. Microsoft Word - MR_Contingency_Protocol_EM_FINAL.docx | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Microsoft Word - MRContingencyProtocolEMFINAL.docx Microsoft Word - MRContingencyProtocolEMFINAL.docx Microsoft Word - MRContingencyProtocolEMFINAL.docx More Documents...

  8. Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Protocol...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    April 2015 (Revision 1) - PROTOCOL - EA-30-02 Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Protocol for Required Reading, April 2015 (Revision 1) - PROTOCOL -...

  9. National Nanotechnology Initiative's Signature Initiative Sustainable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    will include manufactured products based on: * Carbon-based nanomaterials * Optical metamaterials * Cellulosic nanomaterials National Nanotechnology Initiative Three requirements...

  10. Protocol Testing: Review of Methods and Relevance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    Protocol Testing: Review of Methods and Relevance for Software Testing G. v. Bochmann and Alexandre Juin 1994 #12; Protocol Testing: Review of Methods and Relevance for Software Testing Gregor v the existing hardware and software testing methods would be adequate for the testing of communication protocols

  11. Protocol Testing: Review of Methods and Relevance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    Protocol Testing: Review of Methods and Relevance for Software Testing G. v. Bochmann and AlexandreZal Juin 1994 #12;Protocol Testing: Review of Methods and Relevance for Software Testing Gregor v. Bochmann and software testing methods would be adequate for the testing of communication protocols. The purpose

  12. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives Protocols

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Transportation Protocols Topic Group serves as an important vehicle for DOE senior managers to assess and incorporate stakeholder input into the protocols process. The Topic Group was formed to review a series of transportation protocols developed in response to a request for DOE to be more consistent in its approach to transportation.

  13. Performances de protocoles transactionnels en environnement mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serrano Alvarado, Patricia

    indices de performance quantitatifs, et étudie ceux-ci sur quatre protocoles (2PC, UCM, CO2PC et TCOT that are studied on four protocols (2PC, UCM, CO2PC et TCOT). Three of them are specifics propositions for mobile revisited to propose adapted transaction models and proper- ties. Proposed algorithms and protocols try

  14. Memory cost of quantum protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Bisio; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Paolo Perinotti; Michal Sedlak

    2011-12-16

    In this paper we consider the problem of minimizing the ancillary systems required to realize an arbitrary strategy of a quantum protocol, with the assistance of classical memory. For this purpose we introduce the notion of memory cost of a strategy, which measures the resources required in terms of ancillary dimension. We provide a condition for the cost to be equal to a given value, and we use this result to evaluate the cost in some special cases. As an example we show that any covariant protocol for the cloning of a unitary transformation requires at most one ancillary qubit. We also prove that the memory cost has to be determined globally, and cannot be calculated by optimizing the resources independently at each step of the strategy.

  15. Building America House Simulation Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, Robert; Engebrecht, Cheryn

    2010-09-01

    The House Simulation Protocol document was developed to track and manage progress toward Building America's multi-year, average whole-building energy reduction research goals for new construction and existing homes, using a consistent analytical reference point. This report summarizes the guidelines for developing and reporting these analytical results in a consistent and meaningful manner for all home energy uses using standard operating conditions.

  16. Multiple protocol fluorometer and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kolber, Zbigniew S. (Shoreham, NY); Falkowski, Paul G. (Stony Brook, NY)

    2000-09-19

    A multiple protocol fluorometer measures photosynthetic parameters of phytoplankton and higher plants using actively stimulated fluorescence protocols. The measured parameters include spectrally-resolved functional and optical absorption cross sections of PSII, extent of energy transfer between reaction centers of PSII, F.sub.0 (minimal), F.sub.m (maximal) and F.sub.v (variable) components of PSII fluorescence, photochemical and non-photochemical quenching, size of the plastoquinone (PQ) pool, and the kinetics of electron transport between Q.sub.a and PQ pool and between PQ pool and PSI. The multiple protocol fluorometer, in one embodiment, is equipped with an excitation source having a controlled spectral output range between 420 nm and 555 nm and capable of generating flashlets having a duration of 0.125-32 .mu.s, an interval between 0.5 .mu.s and 2 seconds, and peak optical power of up to 2 W/cm.sup.2. The excitation source is also capable of generating, simultaneous with the flashlets, a controlled continuous, background illumination.

  17. Gas hydrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-04-01

    There is a definite need for the US government to provide leadership for research in gas hydrates and to coordinate its activities with academia, industry, private groups, federal agencies, and their foreign counterparts. In response to this need, the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center implemented a gas hydrates R and D program. Understanding the resource will be achieved through: assessment of current technology; characterization of gas hydrate geology and reservoir engineering; and development of diagnostic tools and methods. Research to date has focused on geology. As work progressed, areas where gas hydrates are likely to occur were identified, and specific high potential areas were targeted for future detailed investigation. Initial research activities involved the development of the Geologic Analysis System (GAS); which will provide, through approximately 30 software packages, the capability to manipulate and correlate several types of geologic and petroleum data into maps, graphics, and reports. Preliminary mapping of hydrate prospects for the Alaskan North Slope is underway. Geological research includes physical system characterization which focuses on creating synthetic methane hydrates and developing synthetic hydrate cores using tetrahydrofuran, consolidated rock cores, frost base mixtures, water/ice base mixtures, and water base mixtures. Laboratory work produced measurements of the sonic velocity and electrical resistivity of these synthetic hydrates. During 1983, a sample from a natural hydrate core recovered from the Pacific coast of Guatemala was tested for these properties by METC. More recently, a natural hydrate sample from the Gulf of Mexico was also acquired and testing of this sample is currently underway. In addition to the development of GAS, modeling and systems analysis work focused on the development of conceptual gas hydrate production models. 16 figs., 6 tabs.

  18. Analysing ZigBee Key Establishment Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yüksel, Ender

    2012-01-01

    In this report, we present our approach for protocol analysis together with a real example where we find an important flow in a contemporary wireless sensor network security protocol. We start by modelling protocols using a specific process algebraic formalism called LySa process calculus. We then apply an analysis based on a special program analysis technique called control flow analysis. We apply this technique to the ZigBee-2007 End-to-End Application Key Establishment Protocol and with the help of the analysis discover an unknown flaw. Finally we suggest a fix for the protocol, and verify that the fix works by using the same technique.

  19. Analyzing the effect of routing protocols on media access control protocols in radio networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, A. (Achla); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

    2002-01-01

    We study the effect of routing protocols on the performance of media access control (MAC) protocols in wireless radio networks. Three well known MAC protocols: 802.11, CSMA, and MACA are considered. Similarly three recently proposed routing protocols: AODV, DSR and LAR scheme 1 are considered. The experimental analysis was carried out using GloMoSim: a tool for simulating wireless networks. The main focus of our experiments was to study how the routing protocols affect the performance of the MAC protocols when the underlying network and traffic parameters are varied. The performance of the protocols was measured w.r.t. five important parameters: (i) number of received packets, (ii) average latency of each packet, (iii) throughput (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC layer level. Our results show that combinations of routing and MAC protocols yield varying performance under varying network topology and traffic situations. The result has an important implication; no combination of routing protocol and MAC protocol is the best over all situations. Also, the performance analysis of protocols at a given level in the protocol stack needs to be studied not locally in isolation but as a part of the complete protocol stack. A novel aspect of our work is the use of statistical technique, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) to characterize the effect of routing protocols on MAC protocols. This technique is of independent interest and can be utilized in several other simulation and empirical studies.

  20. Effective Protocols for Mobile Communications and Networking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Espinoza, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B,

    1998-12-01

    This report examines methods of mobile communications with an emphasis on mobile computing and wireless communications. Many of the advances in communications involve the use of Internet Protocol (IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ad hoc network protocols. However, many of the advances in these protocols have been focused on wired communications. Recently much focus has been directed at advancing communication technology in the area of mobile wireless networks. This report discusses various protocols used in mobile communications and proposes a number of extensions to existing protocols. A detailed discussion is also included on desirable protocol characteristics and evaluation criteria. In addition, the report includes a discussion on several network simulation tools that maybe used to evaluate network protocols.

  1. The thermodynamics of creating correlations: Limitations and optimal protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Edward Bruschi; Martí Perarnau-Llobet; Nicolai Friis; Karen V. Hovhannisyan; Marcus Huber

    2015-03-11

    We establish a rigorous connection between fundamental resource theories at the quantum scale. Correlations and entanglement constitute indispensable resources for numerous quantum information tasks. However, their establishment comes at the cost of energy, the resource of thermodynamics, and is limited by the initial entropy. Here, the optimal conversion of energy into correlations is investigated. Assuming the presence of a thermal bath, we establish general bounds for arbitrary systems and construct a protocol saturating them. The amount of correlations, quantified by the mutual information, can increase at most linearly with the available energy, and we determine where the linear regime breaks down. We further consider the generation of genuine quantum correlations, focusing on the fundamental constituents of our universe: fermions and bosons. For fermionic modes, we find the optimal entangling protocol. For bosonic modes, we show that while Gaussian operations can be outperformed in creating entanglement, their performance is optimal for high energies.

  2. INEEL AIR MODELING PROTOCOL ext

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. S. Staley; M. L. Abbott; P. D. Ritter

    2004-12-01

    Various laws stemming from the Clean Air Act of 1970 and the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 require air emissions modeling. Modeling is used to ensure that air emissions from new projects and from modifications to existing facilities do not exceed certain standards. For radionuclides, any new airborne release must be modeled to show that downwind receptors do not receive exposures exceeding the dose limits and to determine the requirements for emissions monitoring. For criteria and toxic pollutants, emissions usually must first exceed threshold values before modeling of downwind concentrations is required. This document was prepared to provide guidance for performing environmental compliance-driven air modeling of emissions from Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory facilities. This document assumes that the user has experience in air modeling and dose and risk assessment. It is not intended to be a "cookbook," nor should all recommendations herein be construed as requirements. However, there are certain procedures that are required by law, and these are pointed out. It is also important to understand that air emissions modeling is a constantly evolving process. This document should, therefore, be reviewed periodically and revised as needed. The document is divided into two parts. Part A is the protocol for radiological assessments, and Part B is for nonradiological assessments. This document is an update of and supersedes document INEEL/INT-98-00236, Rev. 0, INEEL Air Modeling Protocol. This updated document incorporates changes in some of the rules, procedures, and air modeling codes that have occurred since the protocol was first published in 1998.

  3. Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoversten, Shanna

    2009-01-01

    conventional oil or natural gas production, enhanced oil and gas production, and liquid hydrocarbons.

  4. Chapter 21: Residential Lighting Evaluation Protocol. Uniform...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Evaluation Protocol The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Created as part of subcontract with period of...

  5. Chapter 16: Retrocommissioning Evaluation Protocol. The Uniform...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Evaluation Protocol The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Created as part of subcontract with period of...

  6. Membrane and MEA Accelerated Stress Test Protocols

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation on fuel cell membrane and MEA stress test protocols was given by T. Benjamin at the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

  7. This thesis seeks to further explore off-design point operation of gas turbines and to examine the capabilities of GasTurb 12 as a tool for off-design analysis. It is a continuation of previous thesis work which initially explored the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This thesis seeks to further explore off-design point operation of gas turbines and to examine the program to predict performance of an LM2500+ marine gas turbine. Haglind and Elmegaard (2009) published the expected behavior demonstrated in the specification data for the same gas turbine system. It was originally

  8. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National Nuclear Securityhr INITIATED BY:

  9. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National Nuclear Securityhr INITIATED BY:

  10. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National Nuclear Securityhr INITIATED BY:hq.na.gov

  11. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s sconveyance of9,Septemeber 19, 2014INITIATED BY:

  12. All information-theoretically secure key establishing protocols are quantum protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Stipcevic

    2005-03-26

    A theorem is proved which states that no classical key generating protocol could ever be provably secure. Consequently, candidates for provably secure protocols must rely on some quantum effect. Theorem relies on the fact that BB84 Quantum key distribution protocol has been proven secure.

  13. APEC Smart Grid Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2012-03-01

    This brief paper describes the activities of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Smart Grid Initiative (ASGI) which is being led by the U.S. and developed by the APEC Energy Working Group. In the paper, I describe the origin of the initiative and briefly mention the four major elements of the initiative along with existing APEC projects which support it.

  14. GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Taran

    #12;THE GLOBAL TAXONOMY INITIATIVE: Using Systematic Inventories to Meet Country and Regional Needs (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has endorsed a GlobalTaxonomy Initiative (GTI workshop, The Global Taxonomy Initiative: Shortening the Distance between Discovery and Delivery, made

  15. Improving the Security of Cryptographic Protocol Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    for their implementation. This generality is enabled by standards and technical documents such as Request for CommentsImproving the Security of Cryptographic Protocol Standards David Basin Cas Cremers Kunihiko Miyazaki Sasa Radomirovic Dai Watanabe May 1, 2014 Keywords: Standards, Network Protocols, Security

  16. Symbolic Verification of Timed Asynchronous Hardware Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Ken

    of system level verification by applying symbolic model checking techniques to help mitigate the state constraints into verification models to prove timed behavioral correctness of systems employing timed protocol to model timing in asynchronous hardware protocols ­ a novel mapping of tim- ing into the verification flow

  17. Protocols for Processes Munindar P. Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protocols for Processes Munindar P. Singh (Students: Amit K. Chopra, Nirmit V. Desai, Ashok U. Mallya) singh@ncsu.edu Department of Computer Science North Carolina State University http://www.csc.ncsu.edu/faculty/mpsingh/ c Munindar P. Singh, July 2004 ­ p.1/25 #12;Why Processes and Protocols? Heavy interest from

  18. Positron: Composing Commitment Protocols No Institute Given

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to a specific role). We evaluate our contributions by modeling well-known protocols in the insurance, manufactur with how they relate to one another. Such a description, even if supported by standards such as BPMN [20 exchanged by the business partners. In contrast, a commitment protocol emphasizes the social state

  19. Verifying authentication protocols with CSP Steve Schneider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    Verifying authentication protocols with CSP Steve Schneider Department of Computer Science Royal of Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP). It is il- lustrated by an examination of the Needham-Schroeder public of authentication protocols, built on top of the gen- eral CSP semantic framework. This approach aims to combine

  20. Measuring Transport Protocol Potential for Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsaoussidis, Vassilis

    Measuring Transport Protocol Potential for Energy Efficiency S. Kontogiannis, L. Mamatas, I. Psaras. Several attempts have been made to measure the energy efficiency of trans- port protocols, (e.g. [10], [12-saving potential of transport pro- tocols. We focus on the system-related aspect of energy. Do we have to damage

  1. U.S. Agriculture's Role Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    U.S. Agriculture's Role in a Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation World: An Economic Perspective the IMPAC project. #12;Abstract International agreements are likely to stimulate greenhouse gas mitigation Words Agricultural Sinks, Emissions Trading, Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions, Kyoto Protocol #12

  2. California's Greenhouse Gas Policies: Local Solutions to a Global Problem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Peterman, Carla Joy; Wolfram, Catherine D

    2007-01-01

    physical limits on how much hydro power flows south from thethe Kyoto protocol, the hydro power in British Columbia andHydro Total WECC SB1368 Compliant Supply in WECC Gas Coal CA baseload demand Figure 2 Importing Clean Power

  3. Context-Aware Protocol Engines for  Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    Context-Aware Protocol Engines for Ad Hoc Networks J. J.we call a context-aware protocol engine. With a CAPE, nodesthe context-aware protocol engine (CAPE) as an instantiation

  4. Adapting a delay-based protocol to heterogeneous environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotla, Kiran

    2008-10-10

    We investigate the issues in making a delay-based protocol adaptive to heterogeneous environments. We assess and address the problems a delay-based protocol faces when competing with a loss-based protocol such as TCP. We ...

  5. An Alternative Quantization Protocol for the History Dependent Parrondo Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faisal Shah Khan

    2008-06-09

    Earlier work on the quantization of the history dependent (HD) Parrondo game by Flitney, Ng, and Abbott led to the FNA protocol. We propose an alternative quantization protocol for this game which differs from the FNA protocol in various aspects.

  6. Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Protocol...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    April 2015 Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Protocol for Site Leads, April 2015 (Revision 1) - PROTOCOL - EA-31-01 The purpose of this protocol is to establish...

  7. Progress in Initiator Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrousis, C A; Christensen, J S

    2009-05-04

    There is great interest in applying magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation techniques to the designs of electrical high explosive (HE) initiators, for the purpose of better understanding a design's sensitivities, optimizing its performance, and/or predicting its useful lifetime. Two MHD-capable LLNL codes, CALE and ALE3D, are being used to simulate the process of ohmic heating, vaporization, and plasma formation in the bridge of an initiator, be it an exploding bridgewire (EBW), exploding bridgefoil (EBF) or slapper type initiator. The initiation of the HE is simulated using Tarver Ignition & Growth reactive flow models. 1-D, 2-D and 3-D models have been constructed and studied. The models provide some intuitive explanation of the initiation process and are useful for evaluating the potential impact of identified aging mechanisms (such as the growth of intermetallic compounds or powder sintering). The end product of this work is a simulation capability for evaluating margin in proposed, modified or aged initiation system designs.

  8. About the Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-06-01

    This factsheet gives an overview of the Solar America Initiative (SAI), including goals, research and development strategy, market transformation strategy, and benefits to nation.

  9. Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was...

  10. Innovation Ecosystem Development Initiative

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ideas that address today's most urgent energy challenges. For More Information For more information about the Innovation Ecosystem Initiative, please visit eere.energy.gov...

  11. Salt Waste Processing Initiatives

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Patricia Suggs Salt Processing Team Lead Assistant Manager for Waste Disposition Project Office of Environmental Management Savannah River Site Salt Waste Processing Initiatives 2...

  12. Light Duty Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Hydrogen Fueling Protocol...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Light Duty Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Hydrogen Fueling Protocol Light Duty Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Hydrogen Fueling Protocol Download the webinar slides from the U.S. Department...

  13. Secure SCADA Communication ProtocolPerformance Test Results ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Secure SCADA Communication ProtocolPerformance Test Results Secure SCADA Communication ProtocolPerformance Test Results The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked...

  14. High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol Guide details the methods for measurement in High Performance...

  15. NOAA Fisheries Protocols For Hydro-dynamic Dredge Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Fisheries Protocols For Hydro-dynamic Dredge Surveys: Surf Clams and Ocean Quahogs December 19..................................................................................................................................... 1 NOAA Fisheries Hydro-dynamic Clam Dredge Survey Protocols

  16. TEC Working Group Topic Groups Archives Protocols Meeting Summaries...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Working Group Topic Groups Archives Protocols Meeting Summaries Meeting Summaries Philadelphia TEC Meeting, Protocols Topic Group Summary - July 1999 Jacksonville TEC Meeting,...

  17. Development of an Accelerated Ash-Loading Protocol for Diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    an Accelerated Ash-Loading Protocol for Diesel Particulate Filters Development of an Accelerated Ash-Loading Protocol for Diesel Particulate Filters Poster presentation at the 2007...

  18. Protocol for Enhanced Evaluations of Beyond Design Basis Events...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Protocol for Enhanced Evaluations of Beyond Design Basis Events Supporting Implementation of Operating Experience Report 2013-01 Protocol for Enhanced Evaluations of Beyond Design...

  19. Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems...

  20. Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems This...

  1. The Development of Rapid Aging and Poisoning Protocols for Diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Development of Rapid Aging and Poisoning Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices The Development of Rapid Aging and Poisoning Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices...

  2. Rapid Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx Abatement Catalysts Rapid Aging Protocols for Diesel Aftertreatment Devices: NOx Abatement Catalysts Poster presentation at...

  3. Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Protocol...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    March 2015 (Revision 1) - PROTOCOL - EA-30-01 Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Protocol for the Development and Maintenance of Criteria Review and...

  4. Whole Building Cost and Performance Measurement: Data Collection Protocol Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Spees, Kathleen L.; Kora, Angela R.; Rauch, Emily M.; Hathaway, John E.; Solana, Amy E.

    2009-03-27

    This protocol was written for the Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to be used by the public as a tool for assessing building cost and performance measurement. The primary audiences are sustainable design professionals, asset owners, building managers, and research professionals within the Federal sector. The protocol was developed based on the need for measured performance and cost data on sustainable design projects. Historically there has not been a significant driver in the public or private sector to quantify whole building performance in comparable terms. The deployment of sustainable design into the building sector has initiated many questions on the performance and operational cost of these buildings.

  5. Optimizing local protocols implementing nonlocal quantum gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott M. Cohen

    2010-02-02

    We present a method of optimizing recently designed protocols for implementing an arbitrary nonlocal unitary gate acting on a bipartite system. These protocols use only local operations and classical communication with the assistance of entanglement, and are deterministic while also being "one-shot", in that they use only one copy of an entangled resource state. The optimization is in the sense of minimizing the amount of entanglement used, and it is often the case that less entanglement is needed than with an alternative protocol using two-way teleportation.

  6. Energy Assessment Protocol for Glass Furnaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plodinec, M. J.; Kauffman, B. M.; Norton, O. P.; Richards, C.; Connors, J.; Wishnick, D.

    2005-01-01

    of the protocol are implemented, resulting in cost savings of greater than $200,000 per year. PROJECT OVERVIEW The glass industry is a major energy consumer. Depending on the market sector, a glass furnace heated by oxy-fuel burners may use from 3..., the manufacturer of the burners used in the PPG furnace, brought extensive field experience to the team, as well as in-depth knowledge of burner performance. ENERGY ASSESSMENT PROTOCOL The project team developed the protocol based on DIAL, Eclipse and PPG...

  7. A SECURE TEXT MESSAGING PROTOCOL Gary Belvin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Security Informatics. Baltimore Key Agreement Protocol for SMS (KAPS) 12 3.1 Retransmission Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.9 Key Agreement

  8. Privacy of encrypted Voice Over Internet Protocol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lella, Tuneesh Kumar

    2008-10-10

    In this research, we present a investigative study on how timing-based traffic analysis attacks can be used for recovery of the speech from a Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) conversation by taking advantage of the ...

  9. Verifying the Mascara Protocol | A rst step |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorova, Natalia

    Verifying the Mascara Protocol | A #12;rst step | Dragan Bosnacki Dennis Dams Susanne Graf Leszek list properties associated with the di#11;erent entities which we intend to verify or for which we

  10. An Algorithm for Evolving Protocol Constraints 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Mark

    We present an investigation into the design of an evolutionary mechanism for multiagent protocol constraint optimisation. Starting with a review of common population based mechanisms we discuss the properties of the ...

  11. Field Monitoring Protocol: Heat Pump Water Heaters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    "B. Sparn, L. Earle, D. Christensen, J. Maguire, and E. Wilson, C.E. Hancock

    2013-02-01

    This document provides a standard field monitoring protocol for evaluating the installed performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in residential buildings. The report is organized to be consistent with the chronology of field test planning and execution. Research questions are identified first, followed by a discussion of analysis methods, and then the details of measuring the required information are laid out. A field validation of the protocol at a house near the NREL campus is included for reference.

  12. Seismicity Protocol | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummaryDISTDepartment ofPrimeSaltstone(fromEnergy MagiQ and

  13. Independent Oversight Appraisal Process Protocols

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide toIMPROVEMENT OF DESIGN CODESImmobilization PlantMay 5-7,

  14. Hot spot-derived shock initiation phenomena in heterogeneous...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    one type of hot spot 'seed' on the initiation behaviors of explosive formulations. Gas gun-driven plate impact experiments are used to produce well-defined shock inputs into...

  15. Numerical modeling of hydraulic fracture initiation and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-05-25

    Studying initiation and propagation of hydraulic fractures is carried out based on the hypersingular ... and for geothermal energy ...... means of enhancing oil and gas recovery, and it serves its purpose if propagates for tens or hundreds meters.

  16. An Optimal Strong Password Authentication Protocol with USB Sticks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    transactions require a more stringent authentication process [11]. The use of digital certificates issued authentication mechanism has three class classifications are: the password-only PA protocols, the dedicated device-aided protocols and memory device-aided protocols. The Password-only PA protocol, has no extra

  17. On the Complexity of Verifying Cyber-Physical Security Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Vivek

    On the Complexity of Verifying Cyber-Physical Security Protocols Max Kanovich, Tajana Ban Kirigin agents. We classify such security protocols as Cyber-Physical.6 The key elements of such protocols important class of Bounded Memory Cyber-Physical Security19 Protocols with a Memory Bounded Intruder

  18. Validating a token coherence protocol for scientific Fernandez-Pascual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acacio, Manuel

    Validating a token coherence protocol for scientific workloads Ricardo Fern´andez-Pascual r.fernandez

  19. Automatic Protocol Selection in Secure Two-Party Computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Automatic Protocol Selection in Secure Two-Party Computations (Full Version) Florian Kerschbaum1 for the best performance. In this paper we propose automatic protocol selection which selects a protocol, based on an extended performance model we automatically select the best protocol for a sub

  20. Energy Transition Initiative

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Through the Energy Transition Initiative (ETI), the U.S. Department of Energy and its partners work with government entities and other stakeholders to establish a long-term energy vision and successfully implement energy efficiency and renewable energy solutions.

  1. Florida Hydrogen Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Block, David L

    2013-06-30

    The Florida Hydrogen Initiative (FHI) was a research, development and demonstration hydrogen and fuel cell program. The FHI program objectives were to develop Florida?s hydrogen and fuel cell infrastructure and to assist DOE in its hydrogen and fuel cell activities The FHI program funded 12 RD&D projects as follows: Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure and Rental Car Strategies -- L. Lines, Rollins College This project analyzes strategies for Florida's early stage adaptation of hydrogen-powered public transportation. In particular, the report investigates urban and statewide network of refueling stations and the feasibility of establishing a hydrogen rental-car fleet based in Orlando. Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicle Charging Station at Florida Atlantic University ? M. Fuchs, EnerFuel, Inc. The project objectives were to design, and demonstrate a 10 kWnet proton exchange membrane fuel cell stationary power plant operating on methanol, to achieve an electrical energy efficiency of 32% and to demonstrate transient response time of less than 3 milliseconds. Assessment of Public Understanding of the Hydrogen Economy Through Science Center Exhibits, J. Newman, Orlando Science Center The project objective was to design and build an interactive Science Center exhibit called: ?H2Now: the Great Hydrogen Xchange?. On-site Reformation of Diesel Fuel for Hydrogen Fueling Station Applications ? A. Raissi, Florida Solar Energy Center This project developed an on-demand forecourt hydrogen production technology by catalytically converting high-sulfur hydrocarbon fuels to an essentially sulfur-free gas. The removal of sulfur from reformate is critical since most catalysts used for the steam reformation have limited sulfur tolerance. Chemochromic Hydrogen Leak Detectors for Safety Monitoring ? N. Mohajeri and N. Muradov, Florida Solar Energy Center This project developed and demonstrated a cost-effective and highly selective chemochromic (visual) hydrogen leak detector for safety monitoring at any facility engaged in transport, handling and use of hydrogen. Development of High Efficiency Low Cost Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Production and PEM Fuel Cell Applications ? M. Rodgers, Florida Solar Energy Center The objective of this project was to decrease platinum usage in fuel cells by conducting experiments to improve catalyst activity while lowering platinum loading through pulse electrodeposition. Optimum values of several variables during electrodeposition were selected to achieve the highest electrode performance, which was related to catalyst morphology. Understanding Mechanical and Chemical Durability of Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assemblies ? D. Slattery, Florida Solar Energy Center The objective of this project was to increase the knowledge base of the degradation mechanisms for membranes used in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. The results show the addition of ceria (cerium oxide) has given durability improvements by reducing fluoride emissions by an order of magnitude during an accelerated durability test. Production of Low-Cost Hydrogen from Biowaste (HyBrTec?) ? R. Parker, SRT Group, Inc., Miami, FL This project developed a hydrogen bromide (HyBrTec?) process which produces hydrogen bromide from wet-cellulosic waste and co-produces carbon dioxide. Eelectrolysis dissociates hydrogen bromide producing recyclable bromine and hydrogen. A demonstration reactor and electrolysis vessel was designed, built and operated. Development of a Low-Cost and High-Efficiency 500 W Portable PEMFC System ? J. Zheng, Florida State University, H. Chen, Bing Energy, Inc. The objectives of this project were to develop a new catalyst structures comprised of highly conductive buckypaper and Pt catalyst nanoparticles coated on its surface and to demonstrate fuel cell efficiency improvement and durability and cell cost reductions in the buckypaper based electrodes. Development of an Interdisciplinary Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Academic Program ? J. Politano, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL This project developed a hydrogen and fuel cel

  2. Initiatives | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | Department ofInfrastructure andInitiatives Initiatives

  3. Thermoacoustic natural gas liquefier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, G.; Gardner, D.; Hayden, M.; Radebaugh, R.; Wollan, J.

    1996-07-01

    This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project sought to develop a natural-gas-powered natural-gas liquefier that has absolutely no moving parts and requires no electrical power. It should have high efficiency, remarkable reliability, and low cost. The thermoacoustic natural-gas liquefier (TANGL) is based on our recent invention of the first no-moving-parts cryogenic refrigerator. In short, our invention uses acoustic phenomena to produce refrigeration from heat, with no moving parts. The required apparatus comprises nothing more than heat exchangers and pipes, made of common materials, without exacting tolerances. Its initial experimental success in a small size lead us to propose a more ambitious application: large-energy liquefaction of natural gas, using combustion of natural gas as the energy source. TANGL was designed to be maintenance-free, inexpensive, portable, and environmentally benign.

  4. Application of the NREL Test-to-Failure Protocol for PV Modules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hacke, P.; Osterwald, C.; Trudell, D.; Terwilliger, K.; Bosco, N.; Oelak, E.; Kurtz, S.

    2011-02-01

    Initial results of application of the NREL Test-to-Failure Protocol are presented and discussed. Six commercially available multicrystalline Si-cell flat-plate modules were subjected to the protocol with controls. The samples were divided among three test sequences, (1) 1000 hours of 85C/85% relative humidity with positive or negative 600 V bias to the active layers with respect to the grounded frame, (2) -40/85C thermal cycling with electrical load at the rated module power, and (3) an alternating sequence between tests (1) and (2). Application of the protocol manifested in the acceleration of degradation mechanisms seen in the field including backsheet delamination, corrosion, bubble formation within the laminate, discoloration of the antireflective coating, and localized heating with degradation of the backsheet as a result of moisture ingress, corrosion, and concentrated current flow. Significant differences in performance after one round of the protocol are seen in damp heat depending on the polarity of the bias applied to the active layer (the short-circuited power leads of the module). The protocol is found to successfully accelerate module degradation mechanisms that have been observed in the field and will help to differentiate the performance and reliability of various module technologies.

  5. Hybrid protocol of remote implementations of quantum operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning Bo Zhao; An Min Wang

    2007-08-04

    We propose a protocol of remote implementations of quantum operations by hybridizing bidirectional quantum state teleportation's (BQST) and Wang's one. The protocol is available for remote implemetations of quantum operations in the restricted sets specified in Sec. III. We also give the proof of the protocol and point out its optimization. As an extension, this hybrid protocol can be reduced to BQST and Wang protocols.

  6. Transport Protocol Services (TAPS) Problem: more and more transport protocols available, with various features,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzl, Michael

    Transport Protocol Services (TAPS) · Problem: more and more transport protocols that would not offer "TCP or UDP" but "transport services" ­ A transport system: transport-services@ifi.uio.no hXps://sympa.uio.no/ifi.uio.no/info/transport-services · Problem

  7. Gas Hydrate Equilibrium Measurements for Multi-Component Gas Mixtures and Effect of Ionic Liquid Inhibitors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Othman, Enas Azhar

    2014-04-07

    -component gas mixtures whose compositions are typical of Qatari natural gases with initiatives aimed at helping producers minimize costs, optimize operations, and prevent interruption of gas flow in offshore drilling and production. In addition, it presents...

  8. Functional Testing Protocols for Commercial Building Efficiency Baseline Modeling Software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jump, David; Price, Phillip N.; Granderson, Jessica; Sohn, Michael

    2013-09-06

    This document describes procedures for testing and validating proprietary baseline energy modeling software accuracy in predicting energy use over the period of interest, such as a month or a year. The procedures are designed according to the methodology used for public domain baselining software in another LBNL report that was (like the present report) prepared for Pacific Gas and Electric Company: ?Commercial Building Energy Baseline Modeling Software: Performance Metrics and Method Testing with Open Source Models and Implications for Proprietary Software Testing Protocols? (referred to here as the ?Model Analysis Report?). The test procedure focuses on the quality of the software?s predictions rather than on the specific algorithms used to predict energy use. In this way the software vendor is not required to divulge or share proprietary information about how their software works, while enabling stakeholders to assess its performance.

  9. Chapter 22: Compressed Air Evaluation Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benton, N.

    2014-11-01

    Compressed-air systems are used widely throughout industry for many operations, including pneumatic tools, packaging and automation equipment, conveyors, and other industrial process operations. Compressed-air systems are defined as a group of subsystems composed of air compressors, air treatment equipment, controls, piping, pneumatic tools, pneumatically powered machinery, and process applications using compressed air. A compressed-air system has three primary functional subsystems: supply, distribution, and demand. Air compressors are the primary energy consumers in a compressed-air system and are the primary focus of this protocol. The two compressed-air energy efficiency measures specifically addressed in this protocol are: high-efficiency/variable speed drive (VSD) compressor replacing modulating compressor; compressed-air leak survey and repairs. This protocol provides direction on how to reliably verify savings from these two measures using a consistent approach for each.

  10. Chapter 15: Commercial New Construction Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keates, S.

    2014-09-01

    This protocol is intended to describe the recommended method when evaluating the whole-building performance of new construction projects in the commercial sector. The protocol focuses on energy conservation measures (ECMs) measures (or packages of measures) where evaluators can best analyze impacts using building simulation. These ECMs typically require the use of calibrated building simulations under Option D of the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol. Examples of such measures include Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design building certification, novel and/or efficient heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system designs, and extensive building controls systems. In general, it is best to evaluate any ECM (or set of measures) expected to significantly interact with other systems within the building and with savings sensitive to seasonal variations in weather.

  11. Quantum Communication Protocol Employing Weak Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso Botero; Benni Reznik

    1999-09-27

    We propose a communication protocol exploiting correlations between two events with a definite time-ordering: a) the outcome of a {\\em weak measurement} on a spin, and b) the outcome of a subsequent ordinary measurement on the spin. In our protocol, Alice, first generates a "code" by performing weak measurements on a sample of N spins. The sample is sent to Bob, who later performs a post-selection by measuring the spin along either of two certain directions. The results of the post-selection define the "key', which he then broadcasts publicly. Using both her previously generated code and this key, Alice is able to infer the {\\em direction} chosen by Bob in the post-selection. Alternatively, if Alice broadcasts publicly her code, Bob is able to infer from the code and the key the direction chosen by Alice for her weak measurement. Two possible experimental realizations of the protocols are briefly mentioned.

  12. RCRA facility stabilization initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    The RCRA Facility Stabilization Initiative was developed as a means of implementing the Corrective Action Program`s management goals recommended by the RIS for stabilizing actual or imminent releases from solid waste management units that threaten human health and the environment. The overall goal of stabilization is to, as situations warrant, control or abate threats to human health and/or the environment from releases at RCRA facilities, and/or to prevent or minimize the further spread of contamination while long-term remedies are pursued. The Stabilization initiative is a management philosophy and should not be confused with stabilization technologies.

  13. MPhil initiatives summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-07-13

    stream_source_info CMI MPhil Initiatives.doc.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 3755 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name CMI MPhil Initiatives.doc.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 CMI Summary of MPhil... 2003) Sustainable development for large infrastructure projects (50% input from CU, 50% from MIT) Planning for sustainable development (MIT course tailored for CU) Sustainable energy (MIT course tailored for CU) Design for developing countries (MIT...

  14. Clean Coal Power Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doug Bartlett; Rob James; John McDermott; Neel Parikh; Sanjay Patnaik; Camilla Podowski

    2006-03-31

    This report is the fifth quarterly Technical Progress Report submitted by NeuCo, Incorporated, under Award Identification Number, DE-FC26-04NT41768. This award is part of the Clean Coal Power Initiative (''CCPI''), the ten-year, $2B initiative to demonstrate new clean coal technologies in the field. This report is one of the required reports listed in Attachment B Federal Assistance Reporting Checklist, part of the Cooperative Agreement. The report covers the award period January 1, 2006 - March 31, 2006 and NeuCo's efforts within design, development, and deployment of on-line optimization systems during that period.

  15. Initiatives | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR0987P UncertaintyInitiatives Initiatives Through

  16. Welding arc initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Correy, T.B.

    1989-05-09

    An improved inert gas shielded tungsten arc welder is disclosed of the type wherein a tungsten electrode is shielded within a flowing inert gas, and, an arc, following ignition, burns between the energized tungsten electrode and a workpiece. The improvement comprises in combination with the tungsten electrode, a starting laser focused upon the tungsten electrode which to ignite the electrode heats a spot on the energized electrode sufficient for formation of a thermionic arc. Interference problems associated with high frequency starters are thus overcome. 3 figs.

  17. Energy-Ecient Initialization Protocols for Radio Networks with no Collision Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakano, Koji

    to be indistinguishable. Further, since the stations are power-limited it is of importance to de- sign energy radio stations. We assume that the sta- tions are small, bulk-produced, hand-held devices running is non-trivial since the stations are assumed to be indistin- guishable. The problem is fundamental

  18. Light storage protocols in Tm:YAG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Chaneličre; R. Lauro; J. Ruggiero; J. -L. Le Gouët

    2009-11-17

    We present two quantum memory protocols for solids: A stopped light approach based on spectral hole burning and the storage in an atomic frequency comb. These procedures are well adapted to the rare-earth ion doped crystals. We carefully clarify the critical steps of both. On one side, we show that the slowing-down due to hole-burning is sufficient to produce a complete mapping of field into the atomic system. On the other side, we explain the storage and retrieval mechanism of the Atomic Frequency Comb protocol. This two important stages are implemented experimentally in Tm$^{3+}$- doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet crystal.

  19. Sustainability Initiative Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    UW­Madison Sustainability Initiative Executive Summary October 2010 #12;2 We are pleased to present the final report of the campus Sustainability Task Force. This report fulfills the charge we gave to sustainability for consideration by UW­Madison's leadership and campus community. There are many reasons why

  20. Initiative for Explosives Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electromagnetic radiation, or to detect with currently fielded technologies. Approaches to improving detectionInitiative for Explosives Detection Highly Concealed Bulk Explosives Detection This focus area emphasizes the detection of explosives or IEDs hidden in vehicles, buildings or various types of containers

  1. Monolithic exploding foil initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Welle, Eric J; Vianco, Paul T; Headley, Paul S; Jarrell, Jason A; Garrity, J. Emmett; Shelton, Keegan P; Marley, Stephen K

    2012-10-23

    A monolithic exploding foil initiator (EFI) or slapper detonator and the method for making the monolithic EFI wherein the exploding bridge and the dielectric from which the flyer will be generated are integrated directly onto the header. In some embodiments, the barrel is directly integrated directly onto the header.

  2. Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    The initiative will strategically focus and rally EERE’s clean energy technology offices and Advanced Manufacturing Office around the urgent competitive opportunity for the United States to be the leader in the clean energy manufacturing industries and jobs of today and tomorrow.

  3. BRAZIL RESEARCH INITIATIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    BRAZIL RESEARCH INITIATIVES Michigan State University (MSU) identifies Brazil as a global priority and challenges become increasingly part of the U.S.-Brazil agenda, MSU desires partnerships aimed at producing in the U.S. and one in Brazil, to share research strategies and explore joint projects in several research

  4. Breckinridge Project, initial effort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1982-01-01

    Report IV, Volume 5, provides descriptions, data, and drawings pertaining to Cryogenic Hydrogen Purification (Plant 8), Sour Water Treating (Plant 9), and the Sulfur Plant (Plant 10). Cryogenic Hydrogen Purification (Plant 8) purifies the purge gas stream from the Gas Plant (Plant 7, described in Report IV, Volume 4) to a 93% purity hydrogen product. Sour Water Treating (Plant 9) removes free ammonia and acid gases from sour water and separates them to recover a high quality anhydrous ammonia product. The Sulfur Plant (Plant 10) recovers, as a saleable liquid product, approximately 95% of the sulfur in feed streams from the Gas Plant (Plant 7, described in Report IV, Volume 4), Sour Water Treating (Plant 9), Gasification and Purification (Plant 12, described in Report IV, Volume 6), and Stack Gas Scrubbing (Plant 35, described in Report V, Volume 3). The following information is included for each of the three plants described in this volume: a description of the plant's process design, including the utility balance, catalysts and chemicals usage, and a process flow diagram; an equipment list, including item numbers and descriptions; data sheets and sketches for major plant components; and pertinent engineering drawings. An appendix contains: an overall site plan showing the locations of all plants; and the symbols and legend for the piping and instrument diagrams included in this volume.

  5. Transposon extraction protocol Maitreya Dunham November 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Maitreya

    Transposon extraction protocol Maitreya Dunham November 2006 modification of the Qiagen HSE precipitate. Mix equal amounts of DNA from each digest if multiple digests. Extraction In a screw-cap tube (Qiagen), and water to bring to 30 µl total. Heat for 15 minutes at 95C with a 100C block on top (blocks

  6. Comparing Communication Protocols under Cooperative Pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eiben, A.E. "Guszti"

    Comparing Communication Protocols under Cooperative Pressure A.E. Eiben M.C. Schut N. Vink largely on the abilities of the agents to cooperate and communicate. In environments where coordination is essential for goal accomplishment, agents must thus appropriately communicate for cooperative task

  7. Internet Security Protocols Lectures 7 and 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    PROTOCOLS both IP AH and IP ESP can operate in transport mode · end-to-end tunnel mode · security-gateway to security-gateway transport mode and tunnel model can coexist #12;7© Ravi Sandhu 2000-2004 IP TUNNELING C A B D Public Internet Internal Network 2 Internal Network 1 Security Gateway Security Gateway 8© Ravi

  8. Scalable Protocols for Authenticated Group Key Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    a passive eavesdropper to an authenticated protocol which is secure against an active adversary who controls) to the original scheme. We then prove secure -- against a passive adversary -- a variant of the two-round group. The recent foundational papers of Bresson, et al. [16, 14, 15] (building on [9, 10, 7]) were the first

  9. Scalable Protocols for Authenticated Group Key Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    a passive eavesdropper to an authenticated protocol which is secure against an active adversary who controls) to the original scheme. We then prove secure --- against a passive adversary --- a variant of the two­round group. The recent foundational papers of Bresson, et al. [16, 14, 15] (building on [9, 10, 7]) were the first

  10. Efficiency Limitations for -Protocols for Group Homomorphisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Efficiency Limitations for -Protocols for Group Homomorphisms (Full Version) Endre Bangerter1 , Jan stephan.krenn@bfh.ch Abstract. Efficient zero-knowledge proofs of knowledge for group ho- momorphisms be performed very efficiently within groups of known order, for hidden order groups the respective proofs

  11. Russia's role in the Kyoto Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Alain.

    As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...

  12. The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol: Analysis and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    structure called the blockchain. The protocol requires from miners to solve a "proof of work" (POW, aka-forcing a hash inequality based on SHA-256, in order to generate new blocks for the blockchain. The blocks that comprise the blockchain contain sets of transactions that are generated at will by owners of bitcoins, who

  13. Increasing Communications Security through Protocol Parameter Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    of the protocol more difficult to predict. This form of diversity is designed to mitigate the shrew attack [16 Rica, 2060 gbarrantes@ecci.ucr.ac.cr and Stephanie Forrest University of New Mexico, Department. Recently, several projects have addressed the problem of widely replicated attacks through a technique

  14. Web Applications and Security Web protocol overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Web Applications and Security Web protocol overview Web forms Cookies Attacks against Web>University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Basic Web scripting There are two basic HTTP request methods, GET and POST descriptor. #12;Securing basic web apps is easy DON'T TRUST USER INPUT, EVER... Never execute code provide

  15. Adaptive best effort protocols for video delivery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madhwaraj, Ashwin Raj

    1998-01-01

    data when transmitted over best-effort networks like the Internet. The protocols are end-to-end, and do not propose any modifications (like reservations) to the network infrastructure-hence, they can be used over the existing Internet. The design...

  16. GEOLOGIC NOTE A simple model of gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    GEOLOGIC NOTE A simple model of gas production from hydrofractured horizontal wells in shales Tad Patzek, Frank Male, and Michael Marder ABSTRACT Assessing the production potential of shale gas can a nonlinear initial boundary value problem for transient flow of real gas that may sorb on the rock and solve

  17. SCADA Protocol Anomaly Detection Utilizing Compression (SPADUC) 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon Rueff; Lyle Roybal; Denis Vollmer

    2013-01-01

    There is a significant need to protect the nation’s energy infrastructures from malicious actors using cyber methods. Supervisory, Control, and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems may be vulnerable due to the insufficient security implemented during the design and deployment of these control systems. This is particularly true in older legacy SCADA systems that are still commonly in use. The purpose of INL’s research on the SCADA Protocol Anomaly Detection Utilizing Compression (SPADUC) project was to determine if and how data compression techniques could be used to identify and protect SCADA systems from cyber attacks. Initially, the concept was centered on how to train a compression algorithm to recognize normal control system traffic versus hostile network traffic. Because large portions of the TCP/IP message traffic (called packets) are repetitive, the concept of using compression techniques to differentiate “non-normal” traffic was proposed. In this manner, malicious SCADA traffic could be identified at the packet level prior to completing its payload. Previous research has shown that SCADA network traffic has traits desirable for compression analysis. This work investigated three different approaches to identify malicious SCADA network traffic using compression techniques. The preliminary analyses and results presented herein are clearly able to differentiate normal from malicious network traffic at the packet level at a very high confidence level for the conditions tested. Additionally, the master dictionary approach used in this research appears to initially provide a meaningful way to categorize and compare packets within a communication channel.

  18. Protocols for the Equitable Assessment of Marine Energy Converters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingram, David; Smith, George; Bittencourt-Ferreira, Claudio; Smith, Helen

    This book contains the suite of protocols for the equitable evaluation of marine energy converters (based on either tidal or wave energy) produced by the EquiMar consortium led by the University of Edinburgh. These protocols ...

  19. Airblue: A System for Cross-Layer Wireless Protocol Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Man Cheuk

    Over the past few years, researchers have developed many crosslayer wireless protocols to improve the performance of wireless networks. Experimental evaluations of these protocols have been carried out mostly using ...

  20. On formal and automatic security verification of WSN transport protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    On formal and automatic security verification of WSN transport protocols Ta Vinh Thong1 thong, we address the problem of formal and automated security verification of WSN transport protocols

  1. Fast Automatic Security Protocol Generation Hongbin Zhou Simon N. Foley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    and relies on the skill of the protocol designer. Saidi [32] proposes a semi-automatic design tool based

  2. Functional Testing Protocols for Commercial Building Efficiency Baseline Modeling Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jump, David

    2014-01-01

    for   Proprietary  Software  Testing  Protocols”  (vendors   value   software   testing   as   a   means   to  and  requirements  for  testing  software  vendor  energy  

  3. A Framework for Verifying Data-Centric Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Yuxin

    A Framework for Verifying Data-Centric Protocols Yuxin Deng1 , St´ephane Grumbach2 , and Jean on the network (in a physical or a virtual sense), e.g. routing tables. Such protocols are qualified as data-centric in the sequel. Correctness proofs of data-centric protocols are even more complex than those for control

  4. A Framework for Verifying Data-Centric Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Framework for Verifying Data-Centric Protocols Yuxin Deng1,2, , St´ephane Grumbach3, , and Jean on the network (in a physical or a virtual sense), e.g. routing tables. Such protocols are qualified as data-centric in the sequel. Correctness proofs of data-centric protocols are even more complex than those for control

  5. Limited Flooding Protocol for Mobile Ad hoc Networks Mieso Denko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Wayne

    Limited Flooding Protocol for Mobile Ad hoc Networks Mieso Denko Department of Computing propose a multipath routing protocol called Limited Flooding. The protocol is fully reactive and does not entail the compu- tation of routing tables. It uses the basic features of flooding but restricts packet

  6. Concrete Security for Entity Recognition: The Jane Doe Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zenner, Erik

    Concrete Security for Entity Recognition: The Jane Doe Protocol Stefan Lucks1 , Erik Zenner2 , Andr NEC Europe Ltd Dirk.Westhoff@nw.neclab.eu Abstract. Entity recognition does not ask whether ­ the "Jane Doe Protocol" ­, and provides a formal proof of its concrete security. The protocol neither

  7. Automated protocol selection for energy efficient WSN applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Robert C

    Automated protocol selection for energy efficient WSN applications C. Shen, S. Harte, E. Popovici the implementation of different protocols for different topology and appli- cation scenarios to optimise the overall Heterogeneous Automated Wireless Sensor (THAWS), embedding a reactive routing protocol, an energy

  8. Using CSP for protocol analysis: the Needham-Schroeder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    Using CSP for protocol analysis: the Needham-Schroeder Public-Key Protocol Steve Schneider Royal approach for analysis and veri cation of authentication properties in CSP. It is illustrated to the analysis of authentication protocols, built on top of the general CSP semantic framework. This approach

  9. Through bulkhead initiator studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Begeal, D.R.

    1997-03-01

    This report describes recent work done to demonstrate feasibility of a fail-safe Through Bulkhead Initiator with minimum dimensions and suitable for use in cyclical thermal environments. Much of the ground work for a fail-safe TBI was previously done by A.C. Schwartz. This study is an expansion of Schwartz`s work to evaluate devices with bulkheads of 304 stainless steel and Inconel 718; explosive donors of PETN, BNCP, and a 0.005 inch thick steel flying plate donor traveling at 2.6 mm/{micro}s; and explosive acceptors of PETN and BNCP. Bulkhead thickness were evaluated in the range of 0.040 to 0.180 inch. The explosive acceptors initiated a small HMX pellet to drive a 0.005 inch thick steel flying plate, and VISAR histories of the HMX-driven flying plates were the measure of acceptable performance. A companion set of samples used a PMMA acceptor to measure the particle velocities at the bulkhead/PMMA interface with VISAR. These data were used to compute the input pressure to the acceptor explosives in an attempt to measure initiation threshold. Unfortunately, the range of bulkhead thicknesses tested did not give any failures, thus the threshold was not determined. It was found that either explosive or the flying plate would perform as a TBI in the bulkhead thickness range tested. The optimum TBI is about 0.060 inches thick, and steel bulkheads seem to be more structurally sound than those made of Inconel. That is, cross section views of the Inconel bulkheads showed it to be more prone to stress cracking than was the 304 stainless steel. Both PETN and BNCP showed good performance when tested at {minus}65 F following thermal cycling of {minus}65 F to +165 F. Analysis of the TBI function times showed that BNCP acceptor explosives were undergoing the classical deflagration to detonation process. The PETN acceptors were undergoing prompt detonation.

  10. Hanford tanks initiative plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinney, K.E.

    1997-07-01

    Abstract: The Hanford Tanks Initiative (HTI) is a five-year project resulting from the technical and financial partnership of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Waste Management (EM-30) and Office of Science and Technology Development (EM-50). The HTI project accelerates activities to gain key technical, cost performance, and regulatory information on two high-level waste tanks. The HTI will provide a basis for design and regulatory decisions affecting the remainder of the Tank Waste Remediation System`s tank waste retrieval Program.

  11. UNLV Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hechanova, Anthony E.; Johnson, Allen; O'Toole, Brendan; Trabia, Mohamed; Peterson, Per

    2012-10-25

    Evaluation of the Crack growth rate (CGR) of Alloy 617 and Alloy 276 under constant K at ambient temperature has been completed. Creep deformation of Alloy 230 at different temperature range and load level has been completed and heat to heat variation has been noticed. Creep deformation study of Alloy 276 has been completed under an applied initial stress level of 10% of yield stress at 950şC. The grain size evaluation of the tested creep specimens of Alloy 276 has been completed.

  12. Feedback stabilization initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    Much progress has been made in attaining high confinement regimes in magnetic confinement devices. These operating modes tend to be transient, however, due to the onset of MHD instabilities, and their stabilization is critical for improved performance at steady state. This report describes the Feedback Stabilization Initiative (FSI), a broad-based, multi-institutional effort to develop and implement methods for raising the achievable plasma betas through active MHD feedback stabilization. A key element in this proposed effort is the Feedback Stabilization Experiment (FSX), a medium-sized, national facility that would be specifically dedicated to demonstrating beta improvement in reactor relevant plasmas by using a variety of MHD feedback stabilization schemes.

  13. 2006 Initial Allocation Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopmentataboutScalablePhysicist:Possible6 Awards 2006 Initial

  14. Global Threat Reduction Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide to Tapping intoandMinimaland(GTO)GetSafeguards |Global

  15. DOE Exascale Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pState Efficiency,Energy Newssuccessfully|EMERGENCYFormHudson

  16. ARI Asset Revitalization Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s sconveyance of four groundwaterCommercialAREVA ARI

  17. Gas Mask 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    The gas industry fostered more efficient energy utilization long before the idea of energy conservation became fashionable. It became apparent in the late '60's that misguided Federal Legislation was discouraging necessary search for new gas...

  18. Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Reductions (MONITOR) program. This program seeks to fund disruptive technologies for low-cost, highly sensitive systems for the detection and measurement of methane associated...

  19. Air Emmissions Trading Program/Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Industrial Investor-Owned Utility MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Climate Policies Provider New Hampshire...

  20. World Shale Gas Resources: An Initial Assessment of 14 Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    resources is also reflected in EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2011 (AEO2011) energy projections www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 #12;The information presented by Advanced Resources International (ARI) for the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA

  1. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Inc RGGI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergyRedfield1989) Jump

  2. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, Arye Z.

    1990-12-25

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing.

  3. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, Arye (Newton, MA)

    1988-01-01

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing.

  4. Extending SDARTS: Extracting Metadata from Web Databases and Interfacing with the Open Archives Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    queries. These content summaries can then be used by a metasearcher to select over which collections-compliant collections export their metadata under the emerging Open Archives Initiative (OAI) protocol. Conversely- lates the query in a suitable form for each database (query translation), and finally it retrieves

  5. Initiatives for proliferation prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    Preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is a central part of US national security policy. A principal instrument of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) program for securing weapons of mass destruction technology and expertise and removing incentives for scientists, engineers and technicians in the newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union to go to rogue countries or assist terrorist groups is the Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP). IPP was initiated pursuant to the 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act. IPP is a nonproliferation program with a commercialization strategy. IPP seeks to enhance US national security and to achieve nonproliferation objectives by engaging scientists, engineers and technicians from former NIS weapons institutes; redirecting their activities in cooperatively-developed, commercially viable non-weapons related projects. These projects lead to commercial and economic benefits for both the NIS and the US IPP projects are funded in Russian, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus. This booklet offers an overview of the IPP program as well as a sampling of some of the projects which are currently underway.

  6. Precision flyer initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, A.M.; Lee, R.S.

    1998-05-26

    A precision flyer initiator forms a substantially spherical detonation wave in a high explosive (HE) pellet. An explosive driver, such as a detonating cord, a wire bridge circuit or a small explosive, is detonated. A flyer material is sandwiched between the explosive driver and an end of a barrel that contains an inner channel. A projectile or ``flyer`` is sheared from the flyer material by the force of the explosive driver and projected through the inner channel. The flyer than strikes the HE pellet, which is supported above a second end of the barrel by a spacer ring. A gap or shock decoupling material delays the shock wave in the barrel from predetonating the HE pellet before the flyer. A spherical detonation wave is formed in the HE pellet. Thus, a shock wave traveling through the barrel fails to reach the HE pellet before the flyer strikes the HE pellet. The precision flyer initiator can be used in mining devices, well-drilling devices and anti-tank devices. 10 figs.

  7. Precision flyer initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, Alan M. (Livermore, CA); Lee, Ronald S. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A precision flyer initiator forms a substantially spherical detonation wave in a high explosive (HE) pellet. An explosive driver, such as a detonating cord, a wire bridge circuit or a small explosive, is detonated. A flyer material is sandwiched between the explosive driver and an end of a barrel that contains an inner channel. A projectile or "flyer" is sheared from the flyer material by the force of the explosive driver and projected through the inner channel. The flyer than strikes the HE pellet, which is supported above a second end of the barrel by a spacer ring. A gap or shock decoupling material delays the shock wave in the barrel from predetonating the HE pellet before the flyer. A spherical detonation wave is formed in the HE pellet. Thus, a shock wave traveling through the barrel fails to reach the HE pellet before the flyer strikes the HE pellet. The precision flyer initiator can be used in mining devices, well-drilling devices and anti-tank devices.

  8. An Evaluation of UDP Transport Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, S

    2004-12-21

    Although the speed of LAN and WAN networking is growing at an exponential rate, the applications that use those networks have not followed suit. With fiber optic interconnects, gigahertz processor speeds, and 10 gigabit per second network interface cards, hardware does not seem to be the limiting factor. It is becoming increasingly obvious that the protocols that are the basis of networking today are ill-suited to a new generation of networking technology. For this reason, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is particularly interested in improving bulk transfers over high-bandwidth, high-latency networks because of its involvement in storage and in the transfer of data for cutting-edge scientific applications. This report summarizes our evaluation of a new group of protocols specifically designed to get more useful bandwidth from today's high speed, wide area networks.

  9. Passive gas separator and accumulator device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choe, H.; Fallas, T.T.

    1994-08-02

    A separation device employing a gas separation filter and swirler vanes for separating gas from a gas-liquid mixture is provided. The cylindrical filter utilizes the principle that surface tension in the pores of the filter prevents gas bubbles from passing through. As a result, the gas collects in the interior region of the filter and coalesces to form larger bubbles in the center of the device. The device is particularly suited for use in microgravity conditions since the swirlers induce a centrifugal force which causes liquid to move from the inner region of the filter, pass the pores, and flow through the outlet of the device while the entrained gas is trapped by the filter. The device includes a cylindrical gas storage screen which is enclosed by the cylindrical gas separation filter. The screen has pores that are larger than those of the filters. The screen prevents larger bubbles that have been formed from reaching and interfering with the pores of the gas separation filter. The device is initially filled with a gas other than that which is to be separated. This technique results in separation of the gas even before gas bubbles are present in the mixture. Initially filling the device with the dissimilar gas and preventing the gas from escaping before operation can be accomplished by sealing the dissimilar gas in the inner region of the separation device with a ruptured disc which can be ruptured when the device is activated for use. 3 figs.

  10. Building America House Simulation Protocols (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.; Engebrecht, C.

    2010-10-01

    The House Simulation Protocol document was developed to track and manage progress toward Building America's multi-year, average whole-building energy reduction research goals for new construction and existing homes, using a consistent analytical reference point. This report summarizes the guidelines for developing and reporting these analytical results in a consistent and meaningful manner for all home energy uses using standard operating conditions.

  11. A Protocol for Quantum Energy Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masahiro Hotta

    2008-07-10

    A new protocol, quantum energy distribution (QED), is proposed in which multiple parties can simultaneously extract positive energy from spin chains by common secret keys shared by an energy supplier. QED is robust against impersonation; an adversary, who does not have a common secret key and attempts to get energy, will instead give energy to the spin chains. The total amount of energy transfer gives a lower bound of the residual energy of any local cooling process by the energy supplier.

  12. A Multiple Access Protocol for Multimedia Transmission over Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Hong

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops and evaluates the performance of an advanced multiple access protocol for transmission of full complement of multimedia signals consisting of various combinations of voice, video, data, text and images over wireless networks. The protocol is called Advanced Multiple Access Protocol for Multimedia Transmission (AMAPMT) and is to be used in the Data Link Layer of the protocol stack. The principle of operation of the protocol is presented in a number of logical flow charts. The protocol grants permission to transmit to a source on the basis of a priority scheme that takes into account a time-to-live (TTL) parameter of all the transactions, selectable priorities assigned to all the sources and relevant channel state information (CSI) in this order. Performance of the protocol is evaluated in terms of quality of service parameters like packet loss ratio (PLR), mean packet transfer delay (MPTD) and throughput. Using a simulation model based on an OPNET simulation software package does the evalua...

  13. Breckinridge Project, initial effort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-01-01

    Report IV, Volume 3, provides descriptions, data, and drawings pertaining to H-COAL Recycle Slurry Preparation (Plant 5), H-COAL Recycle Hydrogen Compression (Plant 6), and H-COAL Distillate Separation (Plant 17). H-COAL Recycle Slurry Preparation (Plant 5) receives a slurry stream from H-COAL Primary Separation (Plant 4), and then pumps the slurry through hydrocyclones, producing two slurry streams. One, dilute in solids is recycled back to the reactor. The other, concentrated in solids, is further processed to recover liquid products and is then transferred to Gasification and Purification (Plant 12). H-COAL Recycle Hydrogen Compression (Plant 6) compresses and recycles back to the reactor system hydrogen-rich vapor from H-COAL Primary Separation (Plant 4). This recycling maintains a hydrogen partial pressure and gas flow through the reactor vessel. H-COAL Distillate Separation (Plant 17) processes products from H-COAL Primary Separation (Plant 4) and H-COAL Recycle Slurry Preparation to produce light naphtha for the Gas Plant (Plant 7), middle and heavy distillates for tank farms, and heavy naphtha for Naphtha Hydrotreating and Reforming (Plant 18). The following information is included for each of the three plants: a description of the plant's process design, including the utility balance, heat and material balance (if applicable), and a process flow diagram; an equipment list, including item numbers and descriptions; data sheets and sketches for major plant components; and pertinent engineering drawings. An appendix contains: an overall site plan showing the locations of all plants; and the symbols and legend for the piping and instrument diagrams included in this volume.

  14. BPA's Proposed Oversupply Management Protocol Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    much water over the dams creates excessive TDG that can lead to gas bubble trauma in fish and other aquatic organisms. - Putting water through turbines to generate electricity...

  15. Passive gas separator and accumulator device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choe, Hwang (Saratoga, CA); Fallas, Thomas T. (Berkeley, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A separation device employing a gas separation filter and swirler vanes for separating gas from a gasliquid mixture is provided. The cylindrical filter utilizes the principle that surface tension in the pores of the filter prevents gas bubbles from passing through. As a result, the gas collects in the interior region of the filter and coalesces to form larger bubbles in the center of the device. The device is particularly suited for use in microgravity conditions since the swirlers induce a centrifugal force which causes liquid to move from the inner region of the filter, pass the pores, and flow through the outlet of the device while the entrained gas is trapped by the filter. The device includes a cylindrical gas storage screen which is enclosed by the cylindrical gas separation filter. The screen has pores that are larger than those of the filters. The screen prevents larger bubbles that have been formed from reaching and interfering with the pores of the gas separation filter. The device is initially filled with a gas other than that which is to be separated. This technique results in separation of the gas even before gas bubbles are present in the mixture. Initially filling the device with the dissimilar gas and preventing the gas from escaping before operation can be accomplished by sealing the dissimilar gas in the inner region of the separation device with a ruptured disc which can be ruptured when the device is activated for use.

  16. Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breger, Dwayne; Rizzo, Rob

    2011-09-20

    In the state’s Electricity Restructuring Act of 1998, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts recognized the opportunity and strategic benefits to diversifying its electric generation capacity with renewable energy. Through this legislation, the Commonwealth established one of the nation’s first Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (RPS) programs, mandating the increasing use of renewable resources in its energy mix. Bioenergy, meeting low emissions and advanced technology standards, was recognized as an eligible renewable energy technology. Stimulated by the state’s RPS program, several project development groups have been looking seriously at building large woody biomass generation units in western Massachusetts to utilize the woody biomass resource. As a direct result of this development, numerous stakeholders have raised concerns and have prompted the state to take a leadership position in pursuing a science based analysis of biomass impacts on forest and carbon emissions, and proceed through a rulemaking process to establish prudent policy to support biomass development which can contribute to the state’s carbon reduction commitments and maintain safeguards for forest sustainability. The Massachusetts Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Initiative (SFBI) was funded by the Department of Energy and started by the Department of Energy Resources before these contentious biomass issues were fully raised in the state, and continued throughout the substantive periods of this policy development. Thereby, while SFBI maintained its focus on the initially proposed Scope of Work, some aspects of this scope were expanded or realigned to meet the needs for groundbreaking research and policy development being advanced by DOER. SFBI provided DOER and the Commonwealth with a foundation of state specific information on biomass technology and the biomass industry and markets, the most comprehensive biomass fuel supply assessment for the region, the economic development impact associated with biomass usage, an understanding of forest management trends including harvesting and fuel processing methods, and the carbon profile of utilizing forest based woody biomass for the emerging biomass markets. Each of the tasks and subtasks have provided an increased level of understanding to support new directives, policies and adaptation of existing regulations within Massachusetts. The project has provided the essential information to allow state policymakers and regulators to address emerging markets, while ensuring forest sustainability and understanding the complex science on CO2 accounting and impacts as a result of biomass harvesting for power generation. The public at large and electricity ratepayers in Massachusetts will all benefit from the information garnered through this project. This is a result of the state’s interest to provide financial incentives to only biomass projects that demonstrate an acceptable carbon profile, an efficient use of the constrained supply of fuel, and the harvest of biomass to ensure forest sustainability. The goals of the Massachusetts Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Initiative as proposed in 2006 were identified as: increase the diversity of the Massachusetts energy mix through biomass; promote economic development in the rural economy through forest industry job creation; help fulfill the state’s energy and climate commitments under the Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard and Climate Protection Plan; assist the development of a biomass fuel supply infrastructure to support energy project demands; provide education and outreach to the public on the benefits and impacts of bioenergy; improve the theory and practice of sustainable forestry in the Commonwealth. Completed project activities summarized below will demonstrate the effectiveness of the project in meeting the above goals. In addition, as discussed above, Massachusetts DOER needed to make some modifications to its work plan and objectives during the term of this project due to changing public policy demands brought forth in the course of the public discours

  17. MONTANA PALLADIUM RESEARCH INITIATIVE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, John McCloskey, Jay Douglas, Trevor Young, Mark Snyder, Stuart Gurney, Brian

    2012-05-09

    Project Objective: The overarching objective of the Montana Palladium Research Initiative is to perform scientific research on the properties and uses of palladium in the context of the U.S. Department of Energy'Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?s Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program. The purpose of the research will be to explore possible palladium as an alternative to platinum in hydrogen-economy applications. To achieve this objective, the Initiatives activities will focus on several cutting-edge research approaches across a range of disciplines, including metallurgy, biomimetics, instrumentation development, and systems analysis. Background: Platinum-group elements (PGEs) play significant roles in processing hydrogen, an element that shows high potential to address this need in the U.S. and the world for inexpensive, reliable, clean energy. Platinum, however, is a very expensive component of current and planned systems, so less-expensive alternatives that have similar physical properties are being sought. To this end, several tasks have been defined under the rubric of the Montana Palladium Research Iniative. This broad swath of activities will allow progress on several fronts. The membrane-related activities of Task 1 employs state-of-the-art and leading-edge technologies to develop new, ceramic-substrate metallic membranes for the production of high-purity hydrogen, and develop techniques for the production of thin, defect-free platinum group element catalytic membranes for energy production and pollution control. The biomimetic work in Task 2 explores the use of substrate-attached hydrogen-producing enzymes and the encapsulation of palladium in virion-based protein coats to determine their utility for distributed hydrogen production. Task 3 work involves developing laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) as a real-time, in situ diagnostic technique to characterize PGEs nanoparticles for process monitoring and control. The systems engineering work in task 4 will determine how fuel cells Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?Ă?Â?taken as systems behave over periods of time that should show how their reformers and other subsystems deteriorate with time.

  18. Initial Aging Studies of Unfilled VCE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Letant, S E; Herberg, J L; Wilson, T S; Alviso, C T; Chinn, S C; Maxwell, R S

    2008-10-09

    This report presents initial data on the effects of temperature, oxygen, and radiation on the chemical and structural properties of newly formulated, unfilled VCE. This initial effort focused on a pristine sample, and a replicate sample irradiated in air at a dose of 25MR. Thermal degradation was investigated by performing Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), and radiation-induced degradation was investigated using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Solid Phase MicroExtraction--Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS), as well as various Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) techniques including: {sup 13}C, {sup 13}C {sup 1}H cross polarization (CP), and {sup 1}H magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR.

  19. Digital Library Initiative Rice University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Library Initiative Rice University Project Management General guidelines for digital projects Contact: dli (at) rice (dot) edu October, 2007 #12;Digital Library Initiative, Rice University................................................................................................8 #12;Guidelines for managing digital projects Page 2 STATEMENT OF PURPOSE We recognized

  20. California Solar Initiative- PV Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) have reached their budget limits for residential rebates. Both utilities will continue accepting applications for...

  1. National Laboratory Impact Initiative: Success Stories

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartment ofProgram |(Upstate New York)Impact Initiative The

  2. Gulf Petro Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fathi Boukadi

    2011-02-05

    In this report, technologies for petroleum production and exploration enhancement in deepwater and mature fields are developed through basic and applied research by: (1) Designing new fluids to efficiently drill deepwater wells that can not be cost-effectively drilled with current technologies. The new fluids will be heavy liquid foams that have low-density at shallow dept to avoid formation breakdown and high density at drilling depth to control formation pressure. The goal of this project is to provide industry with formulations of new fluids for reducing casing programs and thus well construction cost in deepwater development. (2) Studying the effects of flue gas/CO{sub 2} huff n puff on incremental oil recovery in Louisiana oilfields bearing light oil. An artificial neural network (ANN) model will be developed and used to map recovery efficiencies for candidate reservoirs in Louisiana. (3) Arriving at a quantitative understanding for the three-dimensional controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) geophysical response of typical Gulf of Mexico hydrocarbon reservoirs. We will seek to make available tools for the qualitative, rapid interpretation of marine CSEM signatures, and tools for efficient, three-dimensional subsurface conductivity modeling.

  3. Oklahoma GSHP Initiative Jim Bullington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10/1/2012 1 Oklahoma GSHP Initiative Jim Bullington Trade & Industrial Education Oklahoma the Oklahoma CareerTech GSHP Initiative Model · Provide my contact information for you to share with your and Technical Education · Encourage you to contact them to get an initiative rolling Who is Oklahoma Career

  4. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, A.Z.

    1990-12-25

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing. 3 figs.

  5. Gas separating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gollan, A.

    1988-03-29

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing. 3 figs.

  6. 2014 Building America House Simulation Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, E.; Engebrecht, C. Metzger; Horowitz, S.; Hendron, R.

    2014-03-01

    As Building America has grown to include a large and diverse cross-section of the home building and retrofit industries, it has become more important to develop accurate, consistent analysis techniques to measure progress towards the program's goals. The House Simulation Protocol (HSP) document provides guidance to program partners and managers so they can compare energy savings for new construction and retrofit projects. The HSP provides the program with analysis methods that are proven to be effective and reliable in investigating the energy use of advanced energy systems and of entire houses.

  7. 2014 Building America House Simulation Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, E.; Engebrecht-Metzger, C.; Horowitz, S.; Hendron, R.

    2014-03-01

    As BA has grown to include a large and diverse cross-section of the home building and retrofit industries, it has become more important to develop accurate, consistent analysis techniques to measure progress towards the program's goals. The House Simulation Protocol (HSP) document provides guidance to program partners and managers so they can compare energy savings for new construction and retrofit projects. The HSP provides the program with analysis methods that are proven to be effective and reliable in investigating the energy use of advanced energy systems and of entire houses.

  8. Initial Radionuclide Inventories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. Miller

    2004-09-19

    The purpose of this analysis is to provide an initial radionuclide inventory (in grams per waste package) and associated uncertainty distributions for use in the Total System Performance Assessment for the License Application (TSPA-LA) in support of the license application for the repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This document is intended for use in postclosure analysis only. Bounding waste stream information and data were collected that capture probable limits. For commercially generated waste, this analysis considers alternative waste stream projections to bound the characteristics of wastes likely to be encountered using arrival scenarios that potentially impact the commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) waste stream. For TSPA-LA, this radionuclide inventory analysis considers U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) high-level radioactive waste (DHLW) glass and two types of spent nuclear fuel (SNF): CSNF and DOE-owned (DSNF). These wastes are placed in two groups of waste packages: the CSNF waste package and the codisposal waste package (CDSP), which are designated to contain DHLW glass and DSNF, or DHLW glass only. The radionuclide inventory for naval SNF is provided separately in the classified ''Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program Technical Support Document'' for the License Application. As noted previously, the radionuclide inventory data presented here is intended only for TSPA-LA postclosure calculations. It is not applicable to preclosure safety calculations. Safe storage, transportation, and ultimate disposal of these wastes require safety analyses to support the design and licensing of repository equipment and facilities. These analyses will require radionuclide inventories to represent the radioactive source term that must be accommodated during handling, storage and disposition of these wastes. This analysis uses the best available information to identify the radionuclide inventory that is expected at the last year of last emplacement, currently identified as 2030 and 2033, depending on the type of waste. TSPA-LA uses the results of this analysis to decay the inventory to the year of repository closure projected for the year of 2060.

  9. Breckinridge Project, initial effort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1982-01-01

    Report V, Volume 1 provides descriptions, data, and drawings pertaining to Flare System (Plant 19), Tankage (Plant 20), Interconnecting Piping (Plant 21), River Facilities (Plant 22), Rail, Truck, Pipeline (Plant 23), and Electrical Distribution (Plant 30). Flare System (Plant 19) provides primary and auxiliary flare systems for safe collection and disposal of overpressure relief discharges, and operational and emergency venting of flammable vapors and liquids from the various processing plants and loading facilities. Tankage (Plant 20) provides storage for propane and heavier liquid hydrocarbon products, as well as for by-product ammonia, phenols, and liquid sulfur. Interconnecting Piping (Plant 21) includes the fuel gas blending and distribution system and the interconnecting process and utility piping between process plants and offsites. River Facilities (Plant 22) provides the loading of liquid products and by-products into barges for marine surface transportation, and the unloading of coal from barges. Rail, Truck, Pipeline (Plant 23) provides loading and unloading of products shipped by either rail or truck. Electrical Distribution (Plant 30) receives main utility power from the Big River Electric Corporation and distributes the power to the other plants. The following information is included for each of the six plants: a description of the plant's design, including the utility balance, catalysts and chemicals usage, and process flow diagrams, as applicable; an equipment list, including item numbers and descriptions; data sheets and sketches for major plant components; and pertinent engineering drawings. An appendix contains: an overall site plan showing the locations of all plants; and the symbols and legend for piping and instrument diagrams.

  10. Chapter 18: Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romberger, J.

    2014-11-01

    An adjustable-speed drive (ASD) includes all devices that vary the speed of a rotating load, including those that vary the motor speed and linkage devices that allow constant motor speed while varying the load speed. The Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol presented here addresses evaluation issues for variable-frequency drives (VFDs) installed on commercial and industrial motor-driven centrifugal fans and pumps for which torque varies with speed. Constant torque load applications, such as those for positive displacement pumps, are not covered by this protocol. Other ASD devices, such as magnetic drive, eddy current drives, variable belt sheave drives, or direct current motor variable voltage drives, are also not addressed. The VFD is by far the most common type of ASD hardware. With VFD speed control on a centrifugal fan or pump motor, energy use follows the affinity laws, which state that the motor electricity demand is a cubic relationship to speed under ideal conditions. Therefore, if the motor runs at 75% speed, the motor demand will ideally be reduced to 42% of full load power; however, with other losses it is about 49% of full load power.

  11. US - Voice Over Internet Protocol Phone Service Providers Market Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Vijaybabu

    2006-05-19

    .263 Bit stream in the Real-time Transport Protocol Vijaybabu Srinivasan Spring 2006 17 EMGT835 RTCP RTP Control protocol RTP Real-Time Transport H.323 Protocols... Total 100 Reputation/ Image: Evaluation Criteria: Reputation is the current sum total of the specific traits attributed to a company by people. A company?s reputation is produced by the memory impressions of its perceived actions over time. 13...

  12. Hot-gas conditioning of biomass derived synthesis gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paisley, M.A.; Litt, R.D.

    1993-12-31

    Battelle has tested selected catalysts to evaluate the potential for hot-gas conditioning of biomass gasifier product gas to modify the product gas to produce a gas suitable for methanol synthesis. The Battelle Process Research Unit (PRU) gasifier was utilized as a source of a stable supply of product gas that contained all of the trace constituents that might be present in a commercial scale gasification system. One goal of alternate fuel generation with renewable biomass fuels is the production of a liquid transportation fuel such as methanol. The hot-gas conditioning tests run were planned to evaluate commercial catalysts that would crack hydrocarbons and provide water gas shift activity to adjust the product gas composition for methanol synthesis. During the test program, a novel, low cost catalyst, was identified that showed high levels of activity and stability. The composition of this catalyst is such that it has the potential to be a disposable catalyst and is free from hazardous materials. The initial tests with this catalyst showed high levels of water gas shift activity superior to, and hydrocarbon cracking activity nearly as high as, a commercial cracking catalyst tested.

  13. Nevada State Protocol Agreement for Implementing the National...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nevada State Protocol Agreement for Implementing the National Historic Preservation Act Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory...

  14. APS Protocol for Reporting Construction Vibration Issues for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the online version. Advanced Photon Source APS Protocol for Reporting Construction Vibration Issues for Beamlines Section where used: This procedure describes the process for...

  15. Sandia Energy - Sandia to Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    communication within the power system. These protocols will provide for evaluation of energy storage interoperability and functionality, providing frequency and voltage stability...

  16. NEMVP: North American energy measurement and verification protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-03-01

    This measurement and verification protocol discusses procedures that,when implemented, allow buyers, sellers, and financiers of energy projects to quantify energy conservation measure performance and savings.

  17. Chapter 15: Commercial New Construction Protocol. The Uniform...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Construction Protocol The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Created as part of subcontract with period of...

  18. Microsoft Word - MR_Contingency_Protocol_EM_FINAL.docx

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    41210 1 EM Protocol for Application of Contingency and Management Reserve for the Acquisition of Capital Asset Projects This document provides guidance for the development and...

  19. Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    @caltech.edu; utopcu@cds.caltech.edu; slow@caltech.edu. house gas emissions, and relieving reliance on foreign oil [1) offer significant potential for in- creasing energy efficiency in transportation, reducing green

  20. BPA's proposed oversupply management protocol, Attachment P,...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    displace non-federal generation in its Control Area with generation from the federal hydro system in order to mitigate total dissolved gas levels in the Columbia River. When the...

  1. Unconventional gas outlook: resources, economics, and technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drazga, B.

    2006-08-15

    The report explains the current and potential of the unconventional gas market including country profiles, major project case studies, and new technology research. It identifies the major players in the market and reports their current and forecasted projects, as well as current volume and anticipated output for specific projects. Contents are: Overview of unconventional gas; Global natural gas market; Drivers of unconventional gas sources; Forecast; Types of unconventional gas; Major producing regions Overall market trends; Production technology research; Economics of unconventional gas production; Barriers and challenges; Key regions: Australia, Canada, China, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States; Major Projects; Industry Initiatives; Major players. Uneconomic or marginally economic resources such as tight (low permeability) sandstones, shale gas, and coalbed methane are considered unconventional. However, due to continued research and favorable gas prices, many previously uneconomic or marginally economic gas resources are now economically viable, and may not be considered unconventional by some companies. Unconventional gas resources are geologically distinct in that conventional gas resources are buoyancy-driven deposits, occurring as discrete accumulations in structural or stratigraphic traps, whereas unconventional gas resources are generally not buoyancy-driven deposits. The unconventional natural gas category (CAM, gas shales, tight sands, and landfill) is expected to continue at double-digit growth levels in the near term. Until 2008, demand for unconventional natural gas is likely to increase at an AAR corresponding to 10.7% from 2003, aided by prioritized research and development efforts. 1 app.

  2. Executive Summary of Initiative Launching a Re-envisioning Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    these public services 1 Message from the University Librarian about the SEL Chemistry Closure, http://blogs.library1 Executive Summary of Initiative Launching a Re-envisioning Initiative The UC Berkeley Library has embarked upon a process to re-envision library services that will result in a new service model

  3. ADA/SCADA RTU protocol based on the 3-layer UCA model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamo, V.P.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes an implementation of a DA/SCADA RTU communication protocol based on the 3-layer reference model for wide area networks specified in the Utility Communications Architecture (UCA) VL1.0. This protocol is based on the following international standards: EIA-232-D, High-level Data Link Control (HDLC) [ISO/IEC 3309], and Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) [ISO/IEC 95061]. A description of the HDLC frame structure used in this implementation is provided. This includes a description of the extended transparency option for Start/Stop transmission, commonly referred to as {open_quotes}asynchronous HDLC{close_quotes}. This option allows for the transmission of HDLC frames using inexpensive asynchronous communication hardware. The data link topology described in this paper is an unbalanced, point-to-multipoint topology consisting of one primary, or, master station, and multiple secondary, or remote, stations. The data link operates in the Normal Response Mode (NRM). In this mode a secondary station may initiate transmissions only as a result of receiving explicit permission to do so from the primary station. The application layer protocol described in this paper is an implementation of the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS). The MMS device model, or Virtual Manufacturing Device (VMD), for a DA/SCADA Remote Terminal Unit is provided. The current VMD model provides a view of common RTU data types, plus, A/C Input (ACI) data including phasor magnitude and mean readings, harmonics, and overcurrent alarm information.

  4. Innovative Manufacturing Initiative Recognition Day

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Innovative Manufacturing Initiative (IMI) Recognition Day (held in Washington, DC on June 20, 2012) showcased IMI projects selected by the Energy Department to help American manufacturers...

  5. Workplace Charging Program and Initiatives

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program and Initiatives Evan Kolkos New York Power Authority Clean Energy Technology 2008 All Rights Reserved NYPA: Who We Are * Largest state public power organization in the...

  6. Facilities Initiatives | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    emissions. CURRENT ENERGY REDUCTION INITIATIVES AT DOE HEADQUARTERS Germantown 370 KW Solar Array Forrestal Variable Air Volume HVAC Upgrade Forrestal Central Chiller Plant...

  7. Report: EM Energy Park Initiative

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    To further aid the Assistant Secretary in her efforts to implement the Energy Park Initiative, the EPI Subcommittee offers the following recommendations: Recommendation...

  8. Metal sulfide initiators for metal oxide sorbent regeneration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turk, B.S.; Gupta, R.P.

    1999-06-22

    A process of regenerating a sulfided sorbent is provided. According to the process of the invention, a substantial portion of the energy necessary to initiate the regeneration reaction is provided by the combustion of a particulate metal sulfide additive. In using the particulate metal sulfide additive, the oxygen-containing gas used to regenerate the sulfided sorbent can be fed to the regeneration zone without heating or at a lower temperature than used in conventional processes wherein the regeneration reaction is initiated only by heating the oxygen-containing gas. The particulate metal sulfide additive is preferably an inexpensive mineral ore such as iron pyrite which does not adversely affect the regeneration or corresponding desulfurization reactions. The invention further includes a sorbent composition comprising the particulate metal sulfide additive in admixture with an active metal oxide sorbent capable of removing one or more sulfur compounds from a sulfur-containing gas stream. 1 fig.

  9. A ClassChest for Deriving Transport Protocols W. Timothy Strayer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strayer, William Timothy

    , California strayer@ca.sandia.gov Abstract Development of new transport protocols or protocol algo­ rithmsA Class­Chest for Deriving Transport Protocols W. Timothy Strayer Sandia National Laboratories to transport protocols, so that the focus is placed on the protocol­specific aspects. The Meta­ Transport

  10. Evaluating complex MAC protocols for sensor networks with APMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AVoCS 2006 Evaluating complex MAC protocols for sensor networks with APMC Micha¨el Cadilhac1 Thomas present an analysis of a MAC (Medium Access Control) protocol for wireless sensor net- works. The purpose insights about it performance. Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, approximate verification 1 Introduction

  11. Attacking and Repairing the Improved ModOnions Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borisov, Nikita

    Attacking and Repairing the Improved ModOnions Protocol Nikita Borisov1 , Marek Klonowski2 presented in ACNS 2008. The protocol itself was proposed as an improved version of ModOnions, which uses universal re-encryption in order to avoid replay attacks. How- ever, ModOnions allowed the detour attack

  12. Implementing a Low Power TDMA Protocol Over 802.11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and contrast our protocol to other wireless power- saving mechanisms, then discuss the design, or wind energy to power themselves and their wireless network interface. The availability of low- powerImplementing a Low Power TDMA Protocol Over 802.11 Jim Snow, Wu-chi Feng, Wu-chang Feng (jsnow

  13. FORMAL MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF THE MODBUS PROTOCOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutertre, Bruno

    is a communication protocol widely used in SCADA systems and dis- tributed control applications. We present formal for systematic and extensive testing of Modbus devices. Keywords: SCADA Protocol, Modbus, Test-case Generation, Formal Methods 1. Introduction A distributed digital control system--sometimes called a SCADA system

  14. Energy Analysis of Four Wireless Sensor Network MAC Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinicki, Robert E.

    Energy Analysis of Four Wireless Sensor Network MAC Protocols Brian Bates, Andrew Keating, Robert which reduce radio energy consumption is important for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The most-aware MAC protocols were implemented in TinyOS on TelosB motes. Indoor energy measurements over a single

  15. On the Design and Implementation of Secure Network Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paterson, Kenny

    On the Design and Implementation of Secure Network Protocols Nadhem J. AlFardan Thesis submitted Hart, for providing all what I needed to carry out my laboratory work. Finally, thanks to everyone who kept asking me "are you done yet?". 4 #12;Abstract Network Protocols are critical to the operation

  16. Verification of Cryptographic Protocols Implemented in Java Card

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Verification of Cryptographic Protocols Implemented in Java Card ˘ˇ¤Ł Renaud Marlet Daniel Le M is Java Card applets: In this case, applications on a card represent principals involved in authentication, for expressing requirements regarding the implementation of a protocol in Java Card. We have also developed

  17. Realistic Performance Analysis of WSN Protocols Through Trace Based Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Qi "Chee"

    Realistic Performance Analysis of WSN Protocols Through Trace Based Simulation Alan Marchiori, Lin It is a difficult endeavor to realistically evaluate the perfor- mance of wireless sensor network (WSN) protocols. Generic network simulators are often used, but they tend to rely on synthetic models. Because WSN

  18. Rational Protocol Design: Cryptography Against Incentive-driven Adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer, Ueli

    in part by NSF awards #0830464, #1111599, and #1223623, the Army Research Laboratory under Cooperative Research Projects Agency through the U.S. Office of Naval Research under Contract N00014-Cryptographic Protocols, Game Theory, Se- cure Computation, Composition I. INTRODUCTION Consider a cryptographic protocol

  19. Secure Wireless Payment Protocol School of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranakis, Evangelos

    Secure Wireless Payment Protocol Hong Wang School of Computer Science Carleton University 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Canada Abstract With the convergence of wireless data communication and the Internet, more and more Internet services are now being used in the wireless area. Mobile payment protocols

  20. Design of a PSi header processor for the internet protocol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Jinxia

    1995-01-01

    bottleneck is the network transport component, i.e. the network I/O at the end system. To overcome this performance bottleneck, a standard data communication protocol, such as TCP/IP, could be implemented by using hardware to speedup the protocol throughput...

  1. Infuse: A TDMA Based Data Dissemination Protocol for Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Sandeep

    Infuse: A TDMA Based Data Dissemination Protocol for Sensor Networks Sandeep S. Kulkarni Mahesh of a new program across the network. In this paper, we present Infuse, a time division multiple access (TDMA) based reliable data dis- semination protocol. Infuse takes two input parameters: (i) the choice

  2. Infuse: A TDMA Based Data Dissemination Protocol for Sensor Networks #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Sandeep

    Infuse: A TDMA Based Data Dissemination Protocol for Sensor Networks # Sandeep S. Kulkarni Mahesh of a new program across the network. In this paper, we present Infuse, a time division multiple access (TDMA) based reliable data dis­ semination protocol. Infuse takes two input parameters: (i) the choice

  3. ''GANGS'' MAC Protocol Proposal Saad Biaz Dai Yawen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consumption. This paper presents a MAC layer protocol, named ''GANGS'', as a method of saving energy in sensor is not necessarily engineered or predetermined. Because of this, sensor network protocols and algorithms must be self the most energy, followed by radios. Processor and sensor power consumption are usually less important [8

  4. Bliss: Specifying Declarative Service Protocols Munindar P. Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bliss: Specifying Declarative Service Protocols Munindar P. Singh North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-8206, USA singh@ncsu.edu Abstract--BSPL, the Blindingly Simple Protocol Language, dispensing with conventional control flow features such as sequencing and choice. Singh [1] previously showed

  5. Efficient and Accurate Protocols for Distributed Delaunay Triangulation under Churn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Simon S.

    Efficient and Accurate Protocols for Distributed Delaunay Triangulation under Churn Dong-Young Lee. For a system under churn, it is impossible to maintain a correct distributed DT continually. We define of protocols maintains high accuracy for systems under churn and each system converges to 100% accuracy after

  6. Probabilistic Data Collection Protocols for Energy Harvesting Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Probabilistic Data Collection Protocols for Energy Harvesting Sensor Networks Masaya Yoshida ambient energy sources include solar, vibration, heat and wind. However, sensor nodes powered by energy protocols for power-efficient data collection have been proposed [1][2]. Recently, energy harvesting has

  7. Alternative Experimental Protocol for a PBR-Like Result

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. Miller

    2012-02-29

    Pusey, Barrett and Rudolph (PBR) have recently proven an important new theorem in the foundations of quantum mechanics. Here we propose alternative experimental protocols which lead to the PBR result for a special case and a weaker PBR-like result generally. Alternative experimental protocols support the assumption of measurement independence required for the PBR theorem.

  8. Improving the Battery Performance of Ad-Hoc Routing Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    Improving the Battery Performance of Ad-Hoc Routing Protocols Q. Qi and C. Chakrabarti Department-- In ad-hoc networks formed by battery powered nodes, the network lifetime can be significantly enhanced by incorporateing the battery properties in the routing protocol. In this paper, we propose such a routing mechanism

  9. Transport Protocol Behavior and Energy-Saving Lefteris Mamatas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsaoussidis, Vassilis

    networks [1]. Several attempts have been made to measure the energy efficiency of transport protocols, (eTransport Protocol Behavior and Energy-Saving Potential Lefteris Mamatas Demokritos University of the transport level needs to be associated with some energy potential index which, unlike energy expenditure

  10. Standard Hydrogen Test Protocols for the NREL Sensor Testing Laboratory (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-12-01

    This brochure summarizes the test protocols used in the NREL Hydrogen Sensor Test Laboratory for the quantitative assessment of critical analytical performance specifications for hydrogen sensors. Researchers at the NREL Hydrogen Safety Sensor Test Laboratory developed a variety of test protocols to quantitatively assess critical analytical performance specifications for hydrogen sensors. Many are similar to, but typically more rigorous than, the test procedures mandated by ISO Standard 26142 (Hydrogen Detector for Stationary Applications). Specific protocols were developed for linear range, short-term stability, and the impact of fluctuations in temperature (T), pressure (P), relative humidity (RH), and chemical environment. Specialized tests (e.g., oxygen requirement) may also be performed. Hydrogen safety sensors selected for evaluation are subjected to a thorough regimen of test protocols, as described. Sensor testing is performed at NREL on custom-built sensor test fixtures. Environmental parameters such as T, P, RH, and gas composition are rigorously controlled and monitored. The NREL evaluations are performed on commercial hydrogen detectors, on emerging sensing technologies, and for end users to validate sensor performance for specific application needs. Test results and data are shared with the manufacturer or client via summary reports, teleconference phone calls, and, when appropriate, site visits to manufacturer facilities. Client representatives may also monitor NREL's operation while their technologies are being tested. Manufacturers may use test data to illustrate the analytical capability of their technologies and, more importantly, to guide future developments. NREL uses the data to assess technology gaps and deployment considerations. Per NREL Sensor Testing Laboratory policy, test results are treated as proprietary and are not shared with other manufacturers or other entities without permission. The data may be used by NREL in open publications (journal articles, presentations, outreach support, and other reports), but will not be attributed to a specific vendor.

  11. Implementation of Secure Quantum Protocol using Multiple Photons for Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayonnha Mandal; Gregory Macdonald; Mayssaa El Rifai; Nikhil Punekar; Farnaz Zamani; Yuhua Chen; Subhash Kak; Pramode K. Verma; Robert C Huck; James Sluss

    2012-08-30

    The paper presents the implementation of a quantum cryptography protocol for secure communication between servers in the cloud. As computing power increases, classical cryptography and key management schemes based on computational complexity become increasingly susceptible to brute force and cryptanalytic attacks. Current implementations of quantum cryptography are based on the BB84 protocol, which is susceptible to siphoning attacks on the multiple photons emitted by practical laser sources. The three-stage protocol, whose implementation is described in this paper, is a departure from conventional practice and it obviates some of the known vulnerabilities of the current implementations of quantum cryptography. This paper presents an implementation of the three-stage quantum communication protocol in free-space. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first implementation of a quantum protocol where multiple photons can be used for secure communication.

  12. Design and Analysis of Communication Protocols for Quantum Repeater Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cody Jones; Danny Kim; Matthew T. Rakher; Paul G. Kwiat; Thaddeus D. Ladd

    2015-05-06

    We analyze how the performance of a quantum-repeater network depends on the protocol employed to distribute entanglement, and we find that the choice of repeater-to-repeater link protocol has a profound impact on communication rate as a function of hardware parameters. We develop numerical simulations of quantum networks using different protocols, where the repeater hardware is modeled in terms of key performance parameters, such as photon generation rate and collection efficiency. These parameters are motivated by recent experimental demonstrations in quantum dots, trapped ions, and nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. We find that a quantum-dot repeater with the newest protocol ("MidpointSource") delivers the highest communication rate when there is low probability of establishing entanglement per transmission, and in some cases the rate is orders of magnitude higher than other schemes. Our simulation tools can be used to evaluate communication protocols as part of designing a large-scale quantum network.

  13. Combinatorial Evolution and Forecasting of Communication Protocol ZigBee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Mark Sh; Kistler, Rolf; Klapproth, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    The article addresses combinatorial evolution and forecasting of communication protocol for wireless sensor networks (ZigBee). Morphological tree structure (a version of and-or tree) is used as a hierarchical model for the protocol. Three generations of ZigBee protocol are examined. A set of protocol change operations is generated and described. The change operations are used as items for forecasting based on combinatorial problems (e.g., clustering, knapsack problem, multiple choice knapsack problem). Two kinds of preliminary forecasts for the examined communication protocol are considered: (i) direct expert (expert judgment) based forecast, (ii) computation of the forecast(s) (usage of multicriteria decision making and combinatorial optimization problems). Finally, aggregation of the obtained preliminary forecasts is considered (two aggregation strategies are used).

  14. Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Seismic Initiative | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Initiative Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Seismic Initiative Presentation from the May 2015 Seismic Lessons-Learned Panel Meeting. INL Seismic Initiative More Documents &...

  15. Radiofrequency Initiation and Radiofrequency Sustainment of Laser Initiated Seeded High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    radiofrequency initiation of high pressure(l-70 Ton) inductive plasma discharges in argon, nitrogen, air, decontaminating environmental waste and gaseous pollution. The ap- plication of these plasma sources require

  16. Functional Testing Protocols for Commercial Building Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Addison St., Suite 300 Berkeley, CA 94704 Phillip N. Price ET Project Number: ET 12PGE1311 Project Manager:Leo Carillo Pacific Gas and Electric Company Prepared By: David Jump, Ph.D., P.E. Phillip N. Price, Ph.D. Quantum Energy Services & Technologies, Inc. (Qu

  17. Formation of porous gas hydrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salamatin, Andrey N

    2015-01-01

    Gas hydrates grown at gas-ice interfaces are examined by electron microscopy and found to have a submicron porous texture. Permeability of the intervening hydrate layers provides the connection between the two counterparts (gas and water molecules) of the clathration reaction and makes further hydrate formation possible. The study is focused on phenomenological description of principal stages and rate-limiting processes that control the kinetics of the porous gas hydrate crystal growth from ice powders. Although the detailed physical mechanisms involved in the porous hydrate formation still are not fully understood, the initial stage of hydrate film spreading over the ice surface should be distinguished from the subsequent stage which is presumably limited by the clathration reaction at the ice-hydrate interface and develops after the ice grain coating is finished. The model reveals a time dependence of the reaction degree essentially different from that when the rate-limiting step of the hydrate formation at...

  18. Gas Drill 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    .C. Wang, B.T. Lovell, Program, Summary Report TE4258-5-84, J. McCrank, "Topping of a Combined Gas DOE/ET/11292, Oct. 1984. and Steam Turbine Powerplant using a TAM Combustor," Thermo Electron [4J Final Report: "Thermionic Energy Report No. 4258... for each Btu fired in the burners has been cal culated with the process gas temperature as a variable. It was shown [2 ] that the maximum thermionic power produced is 18 kW per million Btu fired per hour. All com bustors are similar but progressively...

  19. Functional Testing Protocols for Commercial Building Efficiency Baseline Modeling Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jump, David

    2014-01-01

    with   natural   gas   smart   meter   data.   Two   years  with  natural  gas  smart  meter  data.  Two  years  of  

  20. California Solar Initiative- Multi-Family Affordable Solar Housing (MASH) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The California Solar Initiative (CSI), enacted by SB 1 of 2006, provides financial incentives to customers in investor-owned utility (IOU) territories of Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&...

  1. Fast controlled unitary protocols using group or quasigroup structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li Yu

    2013-03-12

    A nonlocal bipartite unitary gate can sometimes be implemented using prior entanglement and only one round of classical communication in which the two parties send messages to each other simultaneously. This cuts the classical communication time by a half compared to the usual protocols, which require back-and-forth classical communication. We introduce such a "fast" protocol that can implement a class of controlled unitaries exactly, where the controlled operators form a subset of a projective representation of a finite group, which may be Abelian or non-Abelian. The entanglement cost is only related to the size of the group and is independent of the dimension of the systems. We also introduce a second fast protocol that can implement any given controlled unitary approximately. This protocol uses the algebraic structure of right quasigroups, which are generalizations of quasigroups, the latter being equivalent to Latin squares. This second protocol could optionally use shared classical randomness as a resource, in addition to using entanglement. When compared with other known fast unitary protocols, the entanglement cost of this second protocol is lower for general controlled unitaries except for some rare cases.

  2. Georgia Power- Advanced Solar Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: According to Georgia Power's website, the Advanced Solar Initiative's final program guidelines are due to be published on June 25th and the bidding period for is expected to open on July 10,...

  3. Initial

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLAN FOR0987P Uncertainty inInhibiting

  4. Research Initiative Will Demonstrate Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Research Initiative Will Demonstrate Low Temperature Geothermal Electrical Power Generation Systems Using Oilfield Fluids Research Initiative Will Demonstrate Low Temperature...

  5. Southface Energy Institute: Advanced Commercial Buildings Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Southface Energy Institute: Advanced Commercial Buildings Initiative - 2015 Peer Review Southface Energy Institute: Advanced Commercial Buildings Initiative - 2015 Peer Review...

  6. Gas sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmid, Andreas K.; Mascaraque, Arantzazu; Santos, Benito; de la Figuera, Juan

    2014-09-09

    A gas sensor is described which incorporates a sensor stack comprising a first film layer of a ferromagnetic material, a spacer layer, and a second film layer of the ferromagnetic material. The first film layer is fabricated so that it exhibits a dependence of its magnetic anisotropy direction on the presence of a gas, That is, the orientation of the easy axis of magnetization will flip from out-of-plane to in-plane when the gas to be detected is present in sufficient concentration. By monitoring the change in resistance of the sensor stack when the orientation of the first layer's magnetization changes, and correlating that change with temperature one can determine both the identity and relative concentration of the detected gas. In one embodiment the stack sensor comprises a top ferromagnetic layer two mono layers thick of cobalt deposited upon a spacer layer of ruthenium, which in turn has a second layer of cobalt disposed on its other side, this second cobalt layer in contact with a programmable heater chip.

  7. Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    Additions in 2008 and Projects through 2011. This report examines new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2008. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2009 and 2011, and the market factors supporting these initiatives.

  8. T-727:Microsoft Windows SSL/TLS Protocol Flaw Lets Remote Users...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    727:Microsoft Windows SSLTLS Protocol Flaw Lets Remote Users Decryption Sessions T-727:Microsoft Windows SSLTLS Protocol Flaw Lets Remote Users Decryption Sessions September 27,...

  9. Photochemical Heating of Dense Molecular Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glassgold, A E

    2015-01-01

    Photochemical heating is analyzed with emphasis on the heating generated by chemical reactions initiated by the products of photodissociation and photoionization. The immediate products are slowed down by collisions with the ambient gas and heat the gas. In addition to this direct process, heating is also produced by the subsequent chemical reactions initiated by these products. Some of this chemical heating comes from the kinetic energy of the reaction products and the rest from collisional de-excitation of the product atoms and molecules. In considering dense gas dominated by molecular hydrogen, we find that the chemical heating is sometimes as large if not much larger than the direct heating. In very dense gas the total photochemical heating approaches 10 eV per photodissociation (or photoionization), competitive with other ways of heating molecular gas.

  10. The Canoe Ridge Natural Gas Storage Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reidel, Steve P.; Spane, Frank A.; Johnson, Vernon G.

    2003-06-18

    In 1999 the Pacific Gas and Electric Gas Transmission Northwest (GTN) drilled a borehole to investigate the feasibility of developing a natural gas-storage facility in a structural dome formed in Columbia River basalts in the Columbia Basin of south-central Washington State. The proposed aquifer storage facility will be an unconventional one where natural gas will be initially injected (and later retrieved) in one or multiple previous horizons (interflow zones) that are confined between deep (>700 meters) basalt flows of the Columbia River Basalt Group. This report summarizes the results of joint investigations on that feasibility study by GTN and the US Department of Energy.

  11. Terrestrial Photovoltaic Module Accelerated Test-To-Failure Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osterwald, C. R.

    2008-03-01

    This technical report documents a test-to-failure protocol that may be used to obtain quantitative information about the reliability of photovoltaic modules using accelerated testing in environmental temperature-humidity chambers.

  12. Modeling and Verification of a Distributed Transmission Protocol Lubomir Ivanov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivanov, Lubomir

    -parallel poset verification is a powerful methodology for proving the design correctness of complex systemsModeling and Verification of a Distributed Transmission Protocol Lubomir Ivanov Department verification methodologies has evolved in two directions: powerful, general techniques capable of accurately

  13. Delayed response protocols for high-delay wireless networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadry, Nauzad Erach

    2002-01-01

    Wireless networks have become more prevalent over the last few years. These networks introduce different types of errors, which are due to the unpredictable nature of the wireless channel. The congestion control algorithms of existing TCP protocols...

  14. Rapid designs for cache coherence protocol engines in Bluespec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Man Cheuk, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    In this thesis, we present the framework for Rapid Protocol Engine Development (RaPED). We implemented the framework in Bluespec, which is a high level hardware language based on Term Rewriting Systems (TRSs). The framework ...

  15. A Secure Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klappenecker, Andreas

    't need to pass through firewalls or gateways Routing protocol controls the network but is based DSR uses source routes in data packets Can lead to DoS #12;Attacks using modification ­ Tunneling Two

  16. LDP : location discovery protocol for data center networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pamboris, Andreas

    2009-01-01

    3.1 Data center network topology . . . . . . . 3.2 De?ningA Scalable, Commodity Data Center Network Architecture. InDiscovery Protocol for Data Center Networks A thesis

  17. Biomolecular free energy profiles by a shootingumbrella sampling protocol, ``BOLAS''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlick, Tamar

    Biomolecular free energy profiles by a shootingŐumbrella sampling protocol, ``BOLAS'' Ravi an efficient technique for computing free energies corresponding to conformational transitions in complex. This makes possible computation of free energy profiles along complex reaction coordinates for biomolecular

  18. A Low Overhead Fault Tolerant Coherence Protocol for CMP Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acacio, Manuel

    A Low Overhead Fault Tolerant Coherence Protocol for CMP Architectures Ricardo Fern Murcia SPAIN {r.fernandez,jmgarcia,meacacio}@ditec.um.es Jos´e Duato Dpto. Inform´atica de Sistemas y

  19. Joint Architecture Standard (JAS) Reliable Data Delivery Protocol (RDDP) specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Enderle, Justin Wayne; Daniels, James W.; Gardner, Michael T.; Eldridge, John M.; Hunt, Richard D.; Gallegos, Daniel E.

    2011-05-01

    The Joint Architecture Standard (JAS) program at Sandia National Laboratories requires the use of a reliable data delivery protocol over SpaceWire. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration at the Goddard Spaceflight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, developed and specified a reliable protocol for its Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite known as GOES-R Reliable Data Delivery Protocol (GRDDP). The JAS program implemented and tested GRDDP and then suggested a number of modifications to the original specification to meet its program specific requirements. This document details the full RDDP specification as modified for JAS. The JAS Reliable Data Delivery Protocol uses the lower-level SpaceWire data link layer to provide reliable packet delivery services to one or more higher-level host application processes. This document specifies the functional requirements for JRDDP but does not specify the interfaces to the lower- or higher-level processes, which may be implementation-dependent.

  20. 2002/11/12 Roberto Innocente 1 Transport protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innocente, Roberto

    that that the receiver is flooded by the sender · TCP as many other protocols uses a sliding window mechanism · in every congestion control · It had an importance similar to that the Watt's Flyball regulator had for the steam

  1. The Cost of Kyoto Protocol Targets: The Case of Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey.

    This paper applies the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to analysis of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol targets, with a special focus on Japan. The analysis demonstrates the implications of the use ...

  2. Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majer, Ernie; Nelson, James; Robertson-Tait, Ann; Savy, Jean; Wong, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    This Protocol is a living guidance document for geothermal developers, public officials, regulators and the general public that provides a set of general guidelines detailing useful steps to evaluate and manage the effects of induced seismicity related to EGS projects.

  3. A Study of Transport Protocols for Wide Area Scientific Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vishal Misra

    2011-03-01

    This is the final project report of award "A Study of Transport Protocols for Wide Area Scientific Applications", given by DOE in 2003 to Vishal Misra at Columbia University.

  4. Criteria for determining the effectiveness of utility-initiated energy assistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costello, Ken

    2010-04-15

    The affordability of electricity and natural gas to all households requires some form of energy assistance, funded by utilities and their customers. Good regulation demands that EA initiatives have favorable benefit-cost ratios. Regulators should strive to assure that each dollar expended returns the highest possible dividend and that EA initiatives do not seriously impede other regulatory objectives. (author)

  5. 2014 Building America House Simulation Protocols

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s s iof Energy determined that noOfficeOffice

  6. Appraisal Process Protocols, Independent Oversight - November 2012 |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLC | Department of EnergyServices,andandOpportunity

  7. Coherent Feedback Improved Qubit Initialization in the Dispersive Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke C. G. Govia; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2015-06-17

    Readout of the state of a superconducting qubit by homodyne detection of the output signal from a dispersively coupled microwave resonator is a common technique in circuit quantum electrodynamics, and is often claimed to be quantum non-demolition (QND) up to the same order of approximation as in the dispersive approximation. However, in this work we show that only in the limit of infinite measurement time is this protocol QND, as the formation of a dressed coherent state in the qubit-cavity system applies an effective rotation to the qubit state. We show how this rotation can be corrected by a coherent operation, leading to improved qubit initialization by measurement and coherent feedback.

  8. Supersonic combustion engine and method of combustion initiation and distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stickler, D.B.; Ballantyne, A.; Kyuman Jeong.

    1993-06-29

    A supersonic combustion ramjet engine having a combustor with a combustion zone intended to channel gas flow at relatively high speed therethrough, the engine comprising: means for substantially continuously supplying fuel into the combustion zone; and means for substantially instantaneously igniting a volume of fuel in the combustion zone for providing a spatially controlled combustion distribution, the igniting means having means for providing a diffuse discharge of energy into the volume, the volume extending across a substantially complete cross-sectional area of the combustion zone, the means for discharging energy being capable of generating free radicals within the volume of reactive fuel in the combustion zone such that fuel in the volume can initiate a controlled relatively rapid combustion of fuel in the combustion zone whereby combustion distribution in relatively high speed gas flows through the combustion zone can be initiated and controlled without dependence upon a flame holder or relatively high local static temperature in the combustion zone.

  9. NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY RESULTS In Support.................................................................................... 6 Chapter 2: Natural Gas Demand.................................................................................................. 10 Chapter 3: Natural Gas Supply

  10. Natural Gas Applications

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gas Applications. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Home Page Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Applications...

  11. O C T O P U SO C T O P U S Scalable Routing ProtocolScalable Routing Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segall, Adrian

    , j}.At the end, the east table of node a is {b, c, d, e, j}. a i f ec g h db j 100 200 300 400 500 with updated information. f c g h a b d 100 200 300 400 500 600 100 200 300 400 h? source access target h? h! hO C T O P U SO C T O P U S Scalable Routing ProtocolScalable Routing Protocol For Wireless Ad Hoc

  12. Anode initiated surface flashover switch

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brainard, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Koss, Robert J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2003-04-29

    A high voltage surface flashover switch has a pair of electrodes spaced by an insulator. A high voltage is applied to an anode, which is smaller than the opposing, grounded, cathode. When a controllable source of electrons near the cathode is energized, the electrons are attracted to the anode where they reflect to the insulator and initiate anode to cathode breakdown.

  13. Managing Critical Management Improvement Initiatives

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-10-01

    Provides requirements and responsibilities for planning, executing and assessing critical management improvement initiatives within DOE. DOE N 251.59, dated 9/27/2004, extends this Notice until 10/01/2005. Archived 11-8-10. Does not cancel other directives.

  14. Innovation Program Student Initiated Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Innovation Program Student Initiated Project Proposal Guidelines Eligibility The team must include of the problem the innovation is meant to solve A clear description of the work to be done for the project Milestones for the project, as well as a projected 'end product' Background with enough detail

  15. A FAST MENTAL POKER PROTOCOL TZER-JEN WEI AND LIH-CHUNG WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    a fast and secure mental poker protocol. It is twice as fast as similar protocols, namely Barnett, 27, 28, 29], see [7] for a survey). Barnett-Smart's protocol is proposed in 2003 ([3]). It canGamal-based version. Castellŕ-Roca's protocol is proposed in 2004 ([7]). It is similar to Barnett-Smart, but faster

  16. Efficient protocols for unidirectional and bidirectional controlled deterministic secure quantum communication: Different alternative approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anirban Pathak

    2014-11-24

    Recently, Hassanpour and Houshmand have proposed a protocol of controlled deterministic secure quantum communication (Quant. Info. Process, DOI 10.1007/s11128-014-0866-z (2014)). The authors compared the efficiency of their protocol with that of two other existing protocols and claimed that their protocol is efficient. Here, we have shown that the efficiency of Hassanpour Houshmand (HH) protocol is not high, and there exist several approaches through which more efficient protocols for the same task can be designed. To establish this point, we have proposed an efficient protocol of controlled deterministic secure quantum communication which is based on permutation of particles (PoP) technique and is considerably efficient compared to HH protocol. We have also generalized this protocol into its bidirectional counterpart. Interestingly, bipartite entanglement (Bell state) is sufficient for the realization of the proposed protocols, but HH protocol and other existing protocols require at least tripartite entanglement. Further, we have shown that it is possible to construct a large number of efficient protocols of unidirectional and bidirectional controlled deterministic secure quantum communication by using various alternative approaches and different quantum states. These alternative protocols can be realized by modifying the existing protocols of quantum secure direct communication and deterministic secure quantum communication. We have also shown that it is possible to design completely orthogonal-state-based protocols for unidirectional and bidirectional controlled deterministic secure quantum communication.

  17. New and Emerging Energy Efficient Wireless Protocols New and Emerging Energy Efficient Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    New and Emerging Energy Efficient Wireless Protocols 1 of 12 New and Emerging Energy Efficient energy efficient wireless protocols. The benefits of each protocol are given, and then the different ways of conserving energy are compared. Key Words- Energy efficient protocols, energy efficiency, energy aware, low

  18. Design and Performance Analysis of an Aeronautical Routing Protocol with Ground Station Updates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narra, Hemanth

    2011-08-31

    Aeronautical routing protocol (AeroRP) is a position-based routing protocol developed for highly dynamic airborne networks. It works in conjunction with the aeronautical network protocol (AeroNP). AeroRP is a multi-modal protocol that operates...

  19. Fayette County Better Buildings Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capella, Arthur

    2015-03-04

    The Fayette County Better Buildings Initiative represented a comprehensive and collaborative approach to promoting and implementing energy efficiency improvements. The initiative was designed to focus on implementing energy efficiency improvements in residential units, while simultaneously supporting general marketing of the benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures. The ultimate goal of Fayette County’s Better Buildings Initiative was to implement a total of 1,067 residential energy efficiency retrofits with a minimum 15% estimated energy efficiency savings per unit. Program partners included: United States Department of Energy, Allegheny Power, and Private Industry Council of Westmoreland-Fayette, Fayette County Redevelopment Authority, and various local partners. The program was open to any Fayette County residents who own their home and meet the prequalifying conditions. The level of assistance offered depended upon household income and commitment to undergo a BPI – Certified Audit and implement energy efficiency measures, which aimed to result in at least a 15% reduction in energy usage. The initiative was designed to focus on implementing energy efficiency improvements in residential units, while simultaneously supporting general marketing of the benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures. Additionally, the program had components that involved recruitment and training for employment of persons in the energy sector (green jobs), as well as marketing and implementation of a commercial or community facilities component. The residential component of Fayette County’s Better Buildings Initiative involved a comprehensive approach, providing assistance to low- moderate- and market-rate homeowners. The initiative will also coordinate activities with local utility providers to further incentivize energy efficiency improvements among qualifying homeowners. The commercial component of Fayette County’s Better Building Initiative involved grants and loans to assist up to $15,000 projects per commercial structure with a mixture of a grant and financing at 0% for up to three – (3) years. The maximum award can be a $5,000 grant and a $10,000 loan. For projects less than $15,000, the award will have a ratio of 1/3 grant and 2/3 loan.

  20. ,"Natural Gas Consumption",,,"Natural Gas Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Census Division, 1999" ,"Natural Gas Consumption",,,"Natural Gas Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand cubic feet)","per Square Foot (cubic feet)","per Worker (thousand cubic...

  1. Natural Gas

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014ProvedYear Jan Feb MarNGPL Production,Energy Office

  2. Initiation disruptor systems and methods of initiation disruption

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baum, Dennis W

    2014-09-23

    A system that may be used as an initiation disruption system (IDS) according to one embodiment includes an explosive charge; a plurality of particles in a layer at least partially surrounding the explosive charge; and a fire suppressant adjacent the plurality of particles. A method for disabling an object according to one embodiment includes placing the system as recited above near an object; and causing the explosive charge to initiate, thereby applying mechanical loading to the object such that the object becomes disabled. Additional systems and methods are also presented. A device according to another embodiment includes a plurality of particles bound by a binder thereby defining a sidewall having an interior for receiving an explosive; and a fire suppressant adjacent the plurality of particles and binder. Additional systems and methods are also presented.

  3. Georgia Tech Dangerous Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    1 Georgia Tech Dangerous Gas Safety Program March 2011 #12;Georgia Tech Dangerous Gas Safety.......................................................................................................... 5 6. DANGEROUS GAS USAGE REQUIREMENTS................................................. 7 6.1. RESTRICTED PURCHASE/ACQUISITION RULES: ................................................ 7 7. FLAMMABLE GAS

  4. Initial surface deformations during impact on a liquid pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouwhuis, Wilco; van der Meer, Devaraj; Snoeijer, Jacco H

    2014-01-01

    A tiny air bubble can be entrapped at the bottom of a solid sphere that impacts onto a liquid pool. The bubble forms due to the deformation of the liquid surface by a local pressure buildup inside the surrounding gas, as also observed during the impact of a liquid drop on a solid wall. Here we perform a perturbation analysis to quantitatively predict the initial deformations of the free surface of the liquid pool as it is approached by a solid sphere. We study the natural limits where the gas can be treated as a viscous fluid (Stokes flow) or as an inviscid fluid (potential flow). For both cases we derive the spatio-temporal evolution of the pool surface, and recover some of the recently proposed scaling laws for bubble entrapment. When inserting typical values for drop impact, we find that the bubble volume is mainly determined by the effect of gas viscosity.

  5. Thermodynamic behavior and stability of Polytropic gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Moradpour; A. Abri; H. Ebadi

    2015-07-10

    We focus on the thermodynamic behavior of Polytropic gas as a candidate for dark energy. We use the general arguments of thermodynamics to investigate its properties and behavior. We find that a Polytropic gas may exhibit the dark energy like behavior in the large volume and low temperature limits. It also may be used to simulate a fluid with zero pressure at the small volume and high temperature limits. Briefly, our study shows that this gas may be used to describe the universe expansion history from the matter dominated era to the current accelerating era. By applying some initial condition to the system, we can establish a relation between the Polytropic gas parameters and initial conditions. Relationships with related works has also been addressed.

  6. A study of the effectiveness of particulate cleaning protocols on intentionally contaminated niobium surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Ciancio, Elizabeth J. [JLAB; Keyes, Katharine A. [JLAB; Yang, Dian [JLAB

    2009-11-01

    Particulate contamination on the surface of SRF cavities limits their performance via the enhanced generation of field-emitted electrons. Considerable efforts are expended to actively clean and avoid such contamination on niobium surfaces. The protocols in active use have been developed via feedback from cavity testing. This approach has the risk of over-conservatively ratcheting an ever increasing complexity of methods tied to particular circumstances. A complementary and perhaps helpful approach is to quantitatively assess the effectiveness of candidate methods at removing intentional representative particulate contamination. Toward this end, we developed a standardized contamination protocol using water suspensions of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and SS 316 powders applied to BCP’d surfaces of standardized niobium samples yielding particle densities of order 200 particles/mm{sup 2}. From these starting conditions, controlled application of high pressure water rinse, ultrasonic cleaning, or CO{sub 2} snow jet cleaning was applied and the resulting surfaces examined via SEM/scanning EDS with particle recognition software. Results of initial parametric variations of each will be reported.

  7. Natural Gas Basics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL Clean Cities

    2010-04-01

    Fact sheet answers questions about natural gas production and use in transportation. Natural gas vehicles are also described.

  8. Next Generation * Natural Gas (NG)2 Information Requirements--Executive Summary

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has initiated the Next Generation * Natural Gas (NG)2 project to design and implement a new and comprehensive information program for natural gas to meet customer requirements in the post-2000 time frame.

  9. THE EFFECTS OF INITIAL ABUNDANCES ON NITROGEN IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwarz, Kamber R.; Bergin, Edwin A.

    2014-12-20

    The dominant form of nitrogen provided to most solar system bodies is currently unknown, though available measurements show that the detected nitrogen in solar system rocks and ices is depleted with respect to solar abundances and the interstellar medium. We use a detailed chemical/physical model of the chemical evolution of a protoplanetary disk to explore the evolution and abundance of nitrogen-bearing molecules. Based on this model, we analyze how initial chemical abundances provided as either gas or ice during the early stages of disk formation influence which species become the dominant nitrogen bearers at later stages. We find that a disk with the majority of its initial nitrogen in either atomic or molecular nitrogen is later dominated by atomic and molecular nitrogen as well as NH{sub 3} and HCN ices, where the dominant species varies with disk radius. When nitrogen is initially in gaseous ammonia, it later becomes trapped in ammonia ice except in the outer disk where atomic nitrogen dominates. For a disk with the initial nitrogen in the form of ammonia ice, the nitrogen remains trapped in the ice as NH{sub 3} at later stages. The model in which most of the initial nitrogen is placed in atomic N best matches the ammonia abundances observed in comets. Furthermore, the initial state of nitrogen influences the abundance of N{sub 2}H{sup +}, which has been detected in protoplanetary disks. Strong N{sub 2}H{sup +} emission is found to be indicative of an N{sub 2} abundance greater than n{sub N{sub 2}}/n{sub H{sub 2}}>10{sup ?6} in addition to tracing the CO snow line. Our models also indicate that NO is potentially detectable, with lower N gas abundances leading to higher NO abundances.

  10. Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness Plan The REVi plan addresses the electric...

  11. Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans to Save Energy and Money Energy Innovation: Green Button Initiative Empowering Americans to Save Energy and Money...

  12. Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Southeast Regional Summit...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Southeast Regional Summit Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Southeast Regional Summit July 9, 2015 8:30AM to 6:00PM EDT Renaissance...

  13. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  14. Innovative Corridors Initiative: Business Model Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan; Lingham, Viginia; Finson, Rachel S.

    2007-01-01

    Wenger, Joyce. Business Models for Vehicle InfrastructureCorridors Initiative: Business Model Analysis Rachel S.Corridors Initiative: Business Model Analysis Task Order

  15. Guam Initial Technical Assessment Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.; Haase, S.; Hotchkiss, E.; McNutt, P.

    2011-04-01

    Under an interagency agreement, funded by the Department of Interior's (DOI) Office of Insular Affairs (OIA), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) was tasked to deliver technical assistance to the island of Guam by conducting an island initial technical assessment that would lay out energy consumption and production data and establish a baseline. This assessment will be used to conduct future analysis and studies by NREL that will estimate energy efficiency and renewable energy potential for the island of Guam.

  16. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposals INITIATED BY:

  17. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposals INITIATED

  18. Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma Survival Improved With Treatment on Multimodality Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, Naamit Kurshan; Wexler, Leonard H.; Singer, Samuel; Alektiar, Kaled M.; Keohan, Mary Louise; Shi, Weiji; Zhang, Zhigang; Wolden, Suzanne

    2013-05-01

    Purpose: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a pediatric sarcoma rarely occurring in adults. For unknown reasons, adults with RMS have worse outcomes than do children. Methods and Materials: We analyzed data from all patients who presented to Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1990 and 2011 with RMS diagnosed at age 16 or older. One hundred forty-eight patients met the study criteria. Ten were excluded for lack of adequate data. Results: The median age was 28 years. The histologic diagnoses were as follows: embryonal 54%, alveolar 33%, pleomorphic 12%, and not otherwise specified 2%. The tumor site was unfavorable in 67% of patients. Thirty-three patients (24%) were at low risk, 61 (44%) at intermediate risk, and 44 (32%) at high risk. Forty-six percent were treated on or according to a prospective RMS protocol. The 5-year rate of overall survival (OS) was 45% for patients with nonmetastatic disease. The failure rates at 5 years for patients with nonmetastatic disease were 34% for local failure and 42% for distant failure. Among patients with nonmetastatic disease (n=94), significant factors associated with OS were histologic diagnosis, site, risk group, age, and protocol treatment. On multivariate analysis, risk group and protocol treatment were significant after adjustment for age. The 5-year OS was 54% for protocol patients versus 36% for nonprotocol patients. Conclusions: Survival in adult patients with nonmetastatic disease was significantly improved for those treated on RMS protocols, most of which are now open to adults.

  19. Protocol: Rat Cardiac CINE with Tagging, Page 1 of 4 Author: rgb 3/16/2012 Protocol: Rat Cardiac CINE with Tagging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    the heart at isocenter. Water Phantom Place a 15 mL tube containing water and sealed with a screw top.5 mm 5cmx5cm 15 min Protocol Steps 1. Set up the physio equipment. Follow the instructions below. See the "Positioning" section below. 4. Protocol directory. The protocols can be loaded from

  20. New York City Paid Time Off and Sick Leave Protocol The purpose of this protocol is to comply with the New York City Earned Sick Time Act. This

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York City Paid Time Off and Sick Leave Protocol 1. Scope The purpose of this protocol is to comply with the New York City Earned Sick Time Act. This protocol applies only to employees of Carnegie Mellon University who work at least eighty (80) hours per calendar year within the City of New York, NY

  1. Contributed papers Study of gas-fluidization dynamics with laser-polarized 129

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    commercial fluidized beds operate in the bubbling fluidization regime, in which gas-filled particle, Amherst, MA 01003, USA Abstract We report initial NMR studies of gas dynamics in a particle bed fluidized characteristics: gas exchange between the bubble and emulsion phases and the gas velocity distribution in the bed

  2. 4.5 A Carnot cycle uses 1.00 mol of a monatomic perfect gas as the working substance from an initial state of 10.0 atm and 600 K. It expands isothermally to a pressure of 1.00 atm (step 1),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Findley, Gary L.

    4.5 A Carnot cycle uses 1.00 mol of a monatomic perfect gas as the working substance from, w, )U, )H, )S and )Stot for each stage of the cycle and for the cycle as a whole. Express your a cycle with the two paths plus one isothermal path. Consider the changes accompanying each stage

  3. Writing Effective Initial Summary Ratings Initial Summary Rating (ISR)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuelWeatherize »EvePlant |MetLifeWorkshop

  4. Carbon sequestration in natural gas reservoirs: Enhanced gas recovery and natural gas storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Curtis M.

    2003-01-01

    cushion gas for natural gas storage, Energy and Fuels, 17(RECOVERY AND NATURAL GAS STORAGE Curtis M. Oldenburg Eartheffective cushion gas for gas storage reservoirs. Thus at

  5. Information Security and Quantum Mechanics: Security of Quantum Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Oscar Boykin

    2002-10-28

    The problem of security of quantum key protocols is examined. In addition to the distribution of classical keys, the problem of encrypting quantum data and the structure of the operators which perform quantum encryption is studied. It is found that unitary bases are central to both encryption of quantum information, as well as the generation of states used in generalized quantum key distribution (which are called mutually unbiased bases). A one-to-one correspondence between certain unitary bases and mutually unbiased bases is found. Finally, a new protocol for making anonymous classical broadcasts is given along with a security proof. An experimental procedure to implement this protocol is also given. In order to prove these new results, some new bounds for accessible information of quantum sources are obtained.

  6. A complete Randomized Benchmarking Protocol accounting for Leakage Errors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Chasseur; F. K. Wilhelm

    2015-07-09

    Randomized Benchmarking allows to efficiently and scalably characterize the average error of an unitary 2-design such as the Clifford group $\\mathcal{C}$ on a physical candidate for quantum computation, as long as there are no non-computational leakage levels in the system. We investigate the effect of leakage errors on Randomized Benchmarking induced from an additional level per physical qubit and provide a modified protocol that allows to derive reliable estimates for the error per gate in their presence. We assess the variance of the sequence fidelity corresponding to the number of random sequences needed for valid fidelity estimation. Our protocol allows for gate dependent error channels without being restricted to perturbations. We show that our protocol is compatible with Interleaved Randomized Benchmarking and expand to benchmarking of arbitrary gates. This setting is relevant for superconducting transmon qubits, among other systems.

  7. Continuous-Variable Protocols in the Noisy-Storage Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabian Furrer; Christian Schaffner; Stephanie Wehner

    2015-09-30

    We present the first protocol for oblivious transfer that can be implemented with an optical continuous-variable system, and prove its security in the noisy-storage model. This model allows security to be achieved by sending more quantum signals than an attacker can reliably store at one specific point during the protocol. Concretely, we determine how many signals need to be sent in order to achieve security by establishing a trade-off between quantum uncertainty generated in the protocol and the classical capacity of the memory channel. As our main technical tool, we study and derive new uncertainty relations for continuous-variable systems. Finally, we provide explicit security parameters for realistic memory models.

  8. Local quantum protocols for separable measurements with many parties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott M. Cohen

    2013-03-20

    In a recent paper \\cite{mySEPvsLOCC}, we showed how to construct a quantum protocol for implementing a bipartite, separable quantum measurement using only local operations on subsystems and classical communication between parties (LOCC) within any fixed number of rounds of communication, whenever such a protocol exists. Here, we generalize that construction to one that applies for any number of parties. One important observation is that the construction automatically determines the ordering of the parties' measurements, overcoming a significant apparent difficulty in designing protocols for more than two parties. We also present various other results about LOCC, including showing that if, in any given measurement operator of the separable measurement under consideration, the local parts for two different parties are rank-1 operators that are not repeated in any other measurement operator of the measurement, then this separable measurement cannot be exactly implemented by LOCC in any finite number of rounds.

  9. A practical approach to the interGroup protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berket, Karlo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Agarwal, Deborah A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Chevassut, Olivier [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2001-11-12

    Existing reliable ordered group communication protocols have been developed for local-area networks and do not, in general, scale well to large numbers of nodes and wide-area networks. The InterGroup suite of protocols is a scalable group communication system that introduces an unusual approach to handling group membership, and supports a receiver-oriented selection of service. The protocols are intended for a wide-area network, with a large number of nodes, that has highly variable delays and a high message loss rate, such as the Internet. The levels of the message delivery service range from unreliable unordered to reliable timestamp ordered. We also present a secure group layer that builds on InterGroup to provide SSL-like security for groups.

  10. California Solar InitiativeCalifornia Solar Initiative Julie FitchJulie Fitch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transition Year: 2006 Funding for new Solar Initiative beginsFunding for new Solar Initiative begins;12/12/0512/12/05 77 Solar Initiative FundingSolar Initiative Funding 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 $millions 2006California Solar InitiativeCalifornia Solar Initiative Julie FitchJulie Fitch Director, Division

  11. BitPredator: A Discovery Algorithm for BitTorrent Initial Seeders and Peers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borges, Raymond; Patton, Robert M; Kettani, Houssain; Masalmah, Yahya

    2011-01-01

    There is a large amount of illegal content being replicated through peer-to-peer (P2P) networks where BitTorrent is dominant; therefore, a framework to profile and police it is needed. The goal of this work is to explore the behavior of initial seeds and highly active peers to develop techniques to correctly identify them. We intend to establish a new methodology and software framework for profiling BitTorrent peers. This involves three steps: crawling torrent indexers for keywords in recently added torrents using Really Simple Syndication protocol (RSS), querying torrent trackers for peer list data and verifying Internet Protocol (IP) addresses from peer lists. We verify IPs using active monitoring methods. Peer behavior is evaluated and modeled using bitfield message responses. We also design a tool to profile worldwide file distribution by mapping IP-to-geolocation and linking to WHOIS server information in Google Earth.

  12. Fast protocols for local implementation of bipartite nonlocal unitaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li Yu; Robert B. Griffiths; Scott M. Cohen

    2012-01-06

    In certain cases the communication time required to deterministically implement a nonlocal bipartite unitary using prior entanglement and LOCC (local operations and classical communication) can be reduced by a factor of two. We introduce two such "fast" protocols and illustrate them with various examples. For some simple unitaries, the entanglement resource is used quite efficiently. The problem of exactly which unitaries can be implemented by these two protocols remains unsolved, though there is some evidence that the set of implementable unitaries may expand at the cost of using more entanglement.

  13. Multiple shock initiation of LX-17

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarver, C.M.; Cook, T.M.; Urtiew, P.A.; Tao, W.C.

    1993-07-01

    The response of the insensitive TATB-based high explosive LX-17 to multiple shock impacts is studied experimentally in a four inch gas gun using embedded manganin gauges and numerically using the ignition and growth reactive flow model of shock initiation and detonation. Pressure histories are reported for LX-17 cylinders which are subjected to sustained shock pulses followed by secondary compressions from shocks reflected from metal discs attached to the backs of the explosive targets. These measured and calculated pressure histories show that the threshold for hot spot growth in LX-17 is 7 GPa, that LX-17 can be dead pressed at slightly lower pressures, and that the reaction rates behind reflected shocks increase greatly as the impedance of the metal increases. A study of the response of LX-17 to the collision of two reacting, diverging shocks forming a Mach stem wave inside the LX-17 charge demonstrated that this interaction can result in a high pressure region of sufficient size and strength to cause detonation under certain conditions.

  14. Initial Decision and Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-29

    Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

  15. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposals INITIATED Washington, D.C. Approved:

  16. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposals INITIATED Washington, D.C. Approved:

  17. Workplace Charging Program and Initiatives

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs SearchAMERICA'SEnergyofThe HartfordUnumXcelofProgram and Initiatives

  18. Research Initiatives | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultiday Production of SOA in UrbanArcticResearch Initiatives

  19. Fuel gas conditioning process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

  20. Report: EM Energy Park Initiative

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravelInformationCollectionGridReno Roundtable SummaryEM Communications August 24,

  1. Report: EM Human Capital Initiatives

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravelInformationCollectionGridReno Roundtable SummaryEM Communications August 24,HUMAN

  2. Report: EM Energy Park Initiative

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOA Applicantof Years | DepartmentRelatedSouthern

  3. Endstates Initiative | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus,DepartmentFederal RegisterEditableWind Power Nationwide

  4. Clean Electricity Initiatives in California

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.101 (Million Short6RUBUFFALOfor the4X I

  5. Pennsylvania's Natural Gas Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    1 Pennsylvania's Natural Gas Future Penn State Natural Gas Utilization Workshop Bradley Hall sales to commercial and industrial customers ­ Natural gas, power, oil · Power generation ­ FossilMMBtuEquivalent Wellhead Gas Price, $/MMBtu Monthly US Spot Oil Price, $/MMBtu* U.S. Crude Oil vs. Natural Gas Prices, 2005

  6. Safeguards Agreement and Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-01-07

    To ensure that DOE complies with the Agreement Between the United States of America and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the United States, the Protocol to the Agreement, and the subsidiary arrangements to the Agreement. Canceled by DOE O 142.2A. Cancels DOE 1270.2B.

  7. Announced Dynamic Access Probability protocol for next generation wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, Hanoch

    Announced Dynamic Access Probability protocol for next generation wireless networks Z. NAOR #3; H probability. Keywords: wireless networks, multiple access, MAC #3; naorz@post.tau.ac.il y hanoch@cs.tau.ac.il 1 #12; 1 Introduction Wireless networks are rapidly expanding. Future satellite-based networks

  8. Development and Validation of a Simple Protocol To Rapidly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pollutants in waste air biofilters. The protocol involves the determination of two pollutant concentration with low concentrations of pollutants. Biofilters work by passing humidified polluted air through a bed > aromatics > alkanes. An attempt was made to correlate the pollutant elimination with Henry's coefficient

  9. Security Analysis of an Open Car Immobilizer Protocol Stack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    --apply the principle of open evaluation. A recent example is the specification of an open security protocol stack in principle be deployed on any suitable type of transponder chip. In this paper we re-evaluate the security] and the KeeLoq algo- rithm used in remote control systems [8] demonstrate the risks of this security

  10. Air to Air Communication Protocol Arjan Durresi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    1 Air to Air Communication Protocol Arjan Durresi1 , Vamsi Paruchuri1 , Leonard Barolli2 and Raj. Louis, MO 63130, USA 314-935-4963, jain@cse.wustl.edu Abstract--We present Air to Air Communication (AAC........................................................2 3. AIR TO AIR COMMUNICATION..............................3 4. SIMULATIONS

  11. Simplified VO M&V Protocol Simplified Voltage Optimization (VO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    modeling is mentioned, it refers to using industry accepted distribution system power flow simulation tools the verification process. · Calculations of all system improvements (reduction of line losses and no-load lossesSimplified VO M&V Protocol 1 Simplified Voltage Optimization (VO) Measurement and Verification

  12. A Practical Hybrid-ARQ Protocol Using Noncoherent Orthogonal Modulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    requests. The proposed protocol is suitable for IEEE 802.15.4/Zigbee networks using commodity off networks that follow the Bluetooth standard or sensor networks that follow the IEEE 802.15.4/Zigbee. For instance, Bluetooth uses nonorthogonal binary Gaussian fre- quency shift keying (GFSK) while Zigbee uses 16

  13. Automating the Sandia Advanced Interoperability Test Protocols Jay Johnson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems) interoperability and electrical behavior functionality as specified by the IEC technical reportAutomating the Sandia Advanced Interoperability Test Protocols Jay Johnson1 and Bob Fox2 1 Sandia -- As the penetration of non-dispatchable renewable energy increases around the world, there is greater need to have

  14. On the Security of the Tor Authentication Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ian

    On the Security of the Tor Authentication Protocol Ian Goldberg David R. Cheriton School@cs.uwaterloo.ca Abstract. Tor is a popular anonymous Internet communication sys- tem, used by an estimated 250,000 users to anonymously exchange over five terabytes of data per day. The security of Tor depends on properly

  15. Fast Automatic Synthesis of Security Protocols Using Backward Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    backward. ---Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (Sherlock Holmes), A Study in Scarlet, 1887. Categories and Subject]: Protocol Verifica­ tion; K.6.5 [Security and Protection]: Authentication; D.2.4 [Software­ veloped such as [5, 10, 9, 19, 17, 22]. However, little work has been carried out on systematic approaches

  16. Parsing ambiguities in authentication and key establishment protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Chris

    ] as the 2nd edition of ISO/IEC 11770-2. · In mid 2008, Mathuria and Sriram [19] described new type attacks] is different to the Cheng- Comley fix, and is not subject to the Mathuria-Sriram attacks. The term `type attack proceeding we note that the Mathuria-Sriram attacks require three consecutive fields in one protocol message

  17. Parsing ambiguities in authentication and key establishment protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    of ISO/IEC 11770-2. · In mid 2008, Mathuria and Sriram [19] described new type attacks on both mechanism- Comley fix, and is not subject to the Mathuria-Sriram attacks. The term `type attack' refers proceeding we note that the Mathuria-Sriram attacks require three consecutive fields in one protocol message

  18. Tone based MAC protocol for use with Adaptive Array Antennas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Suresh

    Abstract--This paper presents a novel Tone-based 802.11b protocol for use in wireless networks where nodes understand the networking issues in WLAN. The predominant model used in most of this work has assumed omni-directional antennas in which the transmission energy is spread out in all the directions from the sender. In this work

  19. Semantic Analysis of Gossip Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merro, Massimo

    , temperature); they are used as embedded systems (e.g., biomedical sensor engineering, smart homes) or mobile sensor networks. A simulation theory is developed to compare probabilistic protocols that have similar are usually based on discrete-event simulators (e.g., ns-2, Opnet and Glomosim). However, different simulators

  20. Scalable Asynchronous Hardware Protocol Verification for Compositions with Relative Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Ken

    verification ensures correctness of a system given a required set of properties. Scalability due to state exploScalable Asynchronous Hardware Protocol Verification for Compositions with Relative Timing Krishnaji Desai Kenneth S. Stevens University of Utah Electrical and Computer Engineering Department

  1. Chapter 19: HVAC Controls (DDC/EMS/BAS) Evaluation Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romberger, J.

    2014-11-01

    The HVAC Controls Evaluation Protocol is designed to address evaluation issues for direct digital controls/energy management systems/building automation systems (DDC/EMS/BAS) that are installed to control heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment in commercial and institutional buildings. (This chapter refers to the DDC/EMS/BAS measure as HVAC controls.) This protocol may also be applicable to industrial facilities such as clean rooms and labs, which have either significant HVAC equipment or spaces requiring special environmental conditions. This protocol addresses only HVAC-related equipment and the energy savings estimation methods associated with installing such control systems as an energy efficiency measure. The affected equipment includes: Air-side equipment (air handlers, direct expansion systems, furnaces, other heating- and cooling-related devices, terminal air distribution equipment, and fans); Central plant equipment (chillers, cooling towers, boilers, and pumps). These controls may also operate or affect other end uses, such as lighting, domestic hot water, irrigation systems, and life safety systems such as fire alarms and other security systems. Considerable nonenergy benefits, such as maintenance scheduling, system component troubleshooting, equipment failure alarms, and increased equipment lifetime, may also be associated with these systems. When connected to building utility meters, these systems can also be valuable demand-limiting control tools. However, this protocol does not evaluate any of these additional capabilities and benefits.

  2. Localized radio frequency communication using asynchronous transfer mode protocol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Witzke, Edward L. (Edgewood, NM); Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierson, Lyndon G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-08-14

    A localized wireless communication system for communication between a plurality of circuit boards, and between electronic components on the circuit boards. Transceivers are located on each circuit board and electronic component. The transceivers communicate with one another over spread spectrum radio frequencies. An asynchronous transfer mode protocol controls communication flow with asynchronous transfer mode switches located on the circuit boards.

  3. Field Testing Protocol Western Mountains, Valleys and Coast Regional Supplement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Field Testing Protocol Western Mountains, Valleys and Coast Regional Supplement Organization and oversee the field testing of the draft Regional Supplement. Field testing will be done in cooperation, the District coordinator will provide team members with an introduction to the Regional Supplement

  4. Field Testing Protocol Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain Regional Supplement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Field Testing Protocol Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain Regional Supplement Organization of field the field testing of the draft Regional Supplement. Field testing will be done in cooperation with regional, the District coordinator will provide team members with an introduction to the Regional Supplement

  5. Combining algorithms for deciding knowledge in security protocols #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    protocols requires a precise un­ derstanding of the attacker knowledge. Two standard notions are usu­ ally â?? E and the ACI Jeunes Chercheurs JC9005. #12; completely unrealistic to require that the Boolean true and some standard bisimulation conditions. Both of these relations rel

  6. FAST GENERATORS FOR THE DIFFIEHELLMAN KEY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    FAST GENERATORS FOR THE DIFFIE­HELLMAN KEY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL AND MALICIOUS STANDARDS BOAZ TSABAN­order cyclic group. Some generators allow faster exponentiation. We show that to a large extent, using the fast that if there is some case in which fast generators are less secure, then this could be used by a malicious authority

  7. FAST GENERATORS FOR THE DIFFIE-HELLMAN KEY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    FAST GENERATORS FOR THE DIFFIE-HELLMAN KEY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL AND MALICIOUS STANDARDS BOAZ TSABAN, using the fast generators is as secure as using a randomly chosen generator. On the other hand, we show that if there is some case in which fast generators are less secure, then this could be used by a malicious authority

  8. An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with Log-Squared Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with Log-Squared Communication Helger Lipmaa 1 Cybernetica AS, Lai 6-computation and communication (k · log2 n + · log n), where k is a possibly non-constant security parameter. The new proto- col communication and is private in the standard complexity-theoretic model. Keywords. Computationally

  9. An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with LogSquared Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with Log­Squared Communication Helger Lipmaa 1 Cybernetica AS, Lai 6­computation and communication #(k · log 2 n + # · log n), where k is a possibly non­constant security parameter. The new proto the same asymptotic communication and is private in the standard complexity­theoretic model. Keywords

  10. Communication-Efficient Private Protocols for Longest Common Subsequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Communication-Efficient Private Protocols for Longest Common Subsequence Matthew Franklin, Mark, gondree, mohassel}@cs.ucdavis.edu Abstract. We design communication efficient two-party and multi Russians" algorithmic de- sign. This result is the first improvement to the communication complex- ity

  11. An interactive Bayesian geostatistical inverse protocol for hydraulic tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    An interactive Bayesian geostatistical inverse protocol for hydraulic tomography Michael N. Fienen April 2008; published 25 July 2008. [1] Hydraulic tomography is a powerful technique for characterizing, necessitate subdivision into zones across which there is no correlation among hydraulic parameters. We propose

  12. Completely positive classical structures and sequentializable quantum protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Heunen; Sergio Boixo

    2012-10-02

    We study classical structures in various categories of completely positive morphisms: on sets and relations, on cobordisms, on a free dagger compact category, and on Hilbert spaces. As an application, we prove that quantum maps with commuting Kraus operators can be sequentialized. Hence such protocols are precisely as robust under general dephasing noise when entangled as when sequential.

  13. Parallel and Concurrent Security of the HB and HB + Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    ## Abstract Juels and Weis (building on prior work of Hopper and Blum) propose and analyze two shared against a passive (eavesdropping) adversary, while the HB + protocol is proven secure against active computationally­intensive to be utilized. With this motivation in mind, Juels and Weis [20] --- building upon work

  14. Efficient Oblivious Transfer Protocols Achieving a Non-Zero Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morozov, Kirill

    . Building on their result, we extend it in two ways: 1) we construct ef- ficient passively-secure protocols-theoretic security for both parties, hence building OT as- suming noisy resources (channels or correlations channel or correlation in the case of passive cheaters. Their construction was inefficient. The OT

  15. Yet Another Ultralightweight Authentication Protocol that is Broken

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    broken. These protocols rely on very simple building blocks, such as bitwise operations (,, ), modular in this paper how a passive attack can recover the 96-bit secret of a tag, using only 20 authentication sessions. The attack requires a passive adversary to eavesdrop one authentication session where a property

  16. Publickey cryptography and password protocols Shai Halevi \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    in this scenario, and show that the security of these protocols can be formally proven based on standard in situations where the client's machine does not have the means to validate the server's public key. Public devices. \\Lambda IBM T.J.Watson Research Center, PO Box 704, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA Email

  17. The Accelerated Ring Protocol: Ordered Multicast for Modern Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    performance in 1- Gig and 10-Gig networks. We also implemented the full protocol in the open-source Spread Toolkit and evaluated its performance relative to the previous version of the toolkit in a 1-Gig local area network, virtualized 1-Gig local area settings, and a 10-Gig local area network. The results

  18. Analysing the PGM Protocol with UPPAAL Batrice Brard Patricia Bouyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    the probability of negative acknowledgements (NAK) implosion and the load of the network due to retransmissions of lost packets. This protocol was presented to the Internet Engineering Task Force as an open reference, which turns out not to be always verified but to depend on the values of several parameters that we

  19. Efficiency Evaluation of Cryptographic Protocols for Boardroom Voting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Efficiency Evaluation of Cryptographic Protocols for Boardroom Voting Oksana Kulyk1 , Stephan, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. Abstract. Efficiency is the bottleneck adequate for the boardroom voting context. Further, we evaluate the efficiency of four boardroom voting

  20. Abstraction and Implementation of a Lightweight Distributed Termination Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Simon

    Abstraction and Implementation of a Lightweight Distributed Termination Protocol D.M. Goodeve , C, University of Leeds, UK Department of Computer Science, Trinity College Dublin, Eire Abstract Termination synchronisation on this state costly. Many parallel applica- tions are structured such that termination occurs

  1. Wireless Sensor Networks: The Protocol Stack Iowa State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Wireless Sensor Networks: The Protocol Stack Mat Wymore Iowa State University Wind Energy Science Design an anycast WSN for a wind turbine SHM application that is very energy efficient. meets reliability for turbine structural health monitoring Are composed of sensor nodes Are very resource constrained

  2. Scaling security in pairing-based protocols Michael Scott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Scaling security in pairing-based protocols Michael Scott School of Computing Dublin City potential advantage in smart-card and embedded applications ­ security can be scaled up while continuing been addressed by Koblitz and Menezes [18] and Granger, Page and Smart [15]. As will be seen our

  3. EBRP: Energy Band based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durresi, Arjan

    EBRP: Energy Band based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Sasanka Madiraju Cariappa in an intelligent manner. We study the concept of energy fairness in routing in Sensor Networks so as to increase to route data based on the residual energy of the nodes. This algorithm divides the network into different

  4. An Energy-Aware Simulation Model and Transaction Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    functioning in a real world environment ! We study the effects of redistributing energy on the two network ! Communication energy: power consumption for SR transmission and reception ! Data transmission energy1 An Energy-Aware Simulation Model and Transaction Protocol for Dynamic Workload Distribution

  5. TCP over Wireless Multi-hop Protocols: Simulation and Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lan

    TCP over Wireless Multi-hop Protocols: Simulation and Experiments Mario Gerla, Rajive Bagrodia, Lixia Zhang, Ken Tang, Lan Wang {gerla, rajive, lixia, ktang, lanw}@cs.ucla.edu Wireless Adaptive http://www.cs.ucla.edu/NRL/wireless Abstract In this study we investigate the interaction between TCP

  6. BAAP: Blackhole Attack Avoidance Protocol for Wireless Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharmaraja, S.

    BAAP: Blackhole Attack Avoidance Protocol for Wireless Network Saurabh Gupta Indian Institute without the contraint of special hardware and dependency on physical medium of wireless network. BAAP and router at the same time. Most of the previous research has focused on problems of routing

  7. WHOP: Wormhole Attack Detection Protocol using Hound Packet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharmaraja, S.

    synchronised clock and the protocol is also independent of physical medium of wireless network. After the route. Typically, the nodes act as both host and router at the same time i.e each node participates in routing like a flood, tornado, hurricane or earth- quake. However, the open nature of the wireless communica

  8. Packet Drop Avoidance for High-speed network transmission protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Guojun

    2004-05-01

    As network bandwidth continues to grow and longer paths are used to exchange large scientific data between storage systems and GRID computation, it has become increasingly obvious that there is a need to deploy a packet drop avoidance mechanism into network transmission protocols. Current end-to-end congestion avoidance mechanisms used in Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) have worked well on low bandwidth delay product networks, but with newer high-bandwidth delay networks they have shown to be inefficient and prone to unstable. This is largely due to increased network bandwidth coupled with changes in internet traffic patterns. These changes come from a variety of new network applications that are being developed to take advantage of the increased network bandwidth. This paper will examine the end-to-end congestion avoidance mechanism and perform a step-by-step analysis of its theory. In addition we will propose an alternative approach developed as part of a new network transmission protocol. Our alternative protocol uses a packet drop avoidance (PDA) mechanism built on top of the maximum burst size (MBS) theory combined with a real-time available bandwidth algorithm.

  9. ESTR -Energy Saving Token Ring Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerer, Theo

    of California, Irvine, USA, Phone: (949) 824-8720, email: nader@uci.edu mode. The energy cost rises enormouslyESTR - Energy Saving Token Ring Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Faruk Bagci, Theo Ungerer and Nader Bagherzadeh Abstract--Most wireless sensor networks rely on battery energy. In applications

  10. Interactions Among Ionospheric Propagation, HF Modems, and Data Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Mexico State University Abstract The well-known challenges in using the ionospheric skywave channel to Internet-style network- and ap- plication-layer protocols, which have been designed with reliable, high that will form the basis of reliable Internet operation via next-generation HF radio networks. Introduction

  11. ARQ PROTOCOL FEATURES FOR HF RADIO LINKS Eric E. Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    ARQ PROTOCOL FEATURES FOR HF RADIO LINKS Eric E. Johnson New Mexico State University ABSTRACT The explosion of interest in using Internet-style applica- tions over wireless links prompts investigation links with Internet-style workloads. The investigation is focused on high-frequency radio links

  12. A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 April 14, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This pa- per rst is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which may

  13. Using a PVS Embedding of CSP to Verify Authentication Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    Using a PVS Embedding of CSP to Verify Authentication Protocols To be presented at TPHOLs'97, Bell for a veri cation method described in 14]. The PVS formalization consists of a semantic embedding of CSP]. In 14], Schneider presents such a method based on CSP 7]. The approach relies onageneral

  14. Using a PVS Embedding of CSP to Verify Authentication Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutertre, Bruno

    Using a PVS Embedding of CSP to Verify Authentication Protocols To be presented at TPHOLs'97, Bell for a veri cation method described in 14]. The PVS formalization consists of a semantic embedding of CSP, 16, 12, 9]. In 14], Schneider presents such a method based on CSP 7]. The approach relies onageneral

  15. Using a PVS Embedding of CSP to Verify Authentication Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutertre, Bruno

    Using a PVS Embedding of CSP to Verify Authentication Protocols To be presented at TPHOLs'97, Bell for a verification method described in [14]. The PVS formalization consists of a semantic embedding of CSP for this purpose [3, 16, 12, 9]. In [14], Schneider presents such a method based on CSP [7]. The approach relies

  16. Direct laser initiation of PETN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Early, J. W. (James W.); Kennedy, J. E. (James E.)

    2001-01-01

    In the early 1970s Yang and Menichelli demonstrated that direct laser illumination of low-density secondary explosive prr:ssings through a transparent window could produce detonation. 'The energy requirement for threshold initiation of detonation was reduced when a thin metal coating of metal covered the side of the window against which the low-density explosive was pressed. We have obtained experimental results that are in general agreement with the results of Renllund, Stanton and Trott (1 989) and recent: work by Nagayama, hou and Nakahara (2001). We report exploration of the effects of laser beam diameter, PEiTN density and specific surface area, and thickness of a titanium coating on the window.

  17. QER- Comment of Environmental Initiative

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Dear Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis, I lead a series of annual environmental policy forums that target the leaders within the Minnesota environmental and energy policy community (http://www.environmental-initiative.org/projects/policy-forum-series), and our next forum (on Sept. 24th) will be focused on the risks and rewards associated with fuel transport to/through Minnesota, as well as what policy decisions and trade-offs we are facing as a state. I am looking for a speaker to open the four-hour forum who can provide broader context on the issue of fuel transport infrastructure, as well as speak to federal vs. state jurisdiction and both the big-picture/long-term and the immediate on-the-ground trade-offs.

  18. Plug-in Hybrid Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodman, Angie; Moore, Ray; Rowden, Tim

    2013-09-27

    Our main project objective was to implement Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) and charging infrastructure into our electric distribution service territory and help reduce barriers in the process. Our research demonstrated the desire for some to be early adopters of electric vehicles and the effects lack of education plays on others. The response of early adopters was tremendous: with the initial launch of our program we had nearly 60 residential customers interested in taking part in our program. However, our program only allowed for 15 residential participants. Our program provided assistance towards purchasing a PEV and installation of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). The residential participants have all come to love their PEVs and are more than enthusiastic about promoting the many benefits of driving electric.

  19. Supervisory Natural Gas Analyst

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energys Office of Fossil Energy, Office of Oil and Natural Gas, Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply (FE) is responsible for regulating natural gas imports and exports...

  20. Industrial Gas Turbines

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A gas turbine is a heat engine that uses high-temperature, high-pressure gas as the working fluid. Part of the heat supplied by the gas is converted directly into mechanical work. High-temperature,...

  1. Future of Natural Gas

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Natural Gas Bill Eisele, CEM SC Electric & Gas Co Hosted by: FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR November 5-6, 2014 Cape Canaveral. Florida Agenda * Gas Facts *...

  2. Gas Kick Mechanistic Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zubairy, Raheel

    2014-04-18

    Gas kicks occur during drilling when the formation pressure is greater than the wellbore pressure causing influx of gas into the wellbore. Uncontrolled gas kicks could result in blowout of the rig causing major financial ...

  3. Electrical initiation of an energetic nanolaminate film

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tringe, Joseph W. (Walnut Creek, CA); Gash, Alexander E. (Brentwood, CA); Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA)

    2010-03-30

    A heating apparatus comprising an energetic nanolaminate film that produces heat when initiated, a power source that provides an electric current, and a control that initiates the energetic nanolaminate film by directing the electric current to the energetic nanolaminate film and joule heating the energetic nanolaminate film to an initiation temperature. Also a method of heating comprising providing an energetic nanolaminate film that produces heat when initiated, and initiating the energetic nanolaminate film by directing an electric current to the energetic nanolaminate film and joule heating the energetic nanolaminate film to an initiation temperature.

  4. Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program Brochure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elling, J.

    2000-10-26

    The Department of Energy's Office of Transportation Technologies is initiating the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NGNGV) Program to develop commercially viable medium- and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles. These new vehicles will incorporate advanced alternative fuel vehicle technologies that were developed by DOE and others.

  5. Consideration of Grain Size Distribution in the Diffusion of Fission Gas to Grain Boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul C. Millett; Yongfeng Zhang; Michael R. Tonks; S. B. Biner

    2013-09-01

    We analyze the accumulation of fission gas on grain boundaries in a polycrystalline microstructure with a distribution of grain sizes. The diffusion equation is solved throughout the microstructure to evolve the gas concentration in space and time. Grain boundaries are treated as infinite sinks for the gas concentration, and we monitor the cumulative gas inventory on each grain boundary throughout time. We consider two important cases: first, a uniform initial distribution of gas concentration without gas production (correlating with post-irradiation annealing), and second, a constant gas production rate with no initial gas concentration (correlating with in-reactor conditions). The results show that a single-grain-size model, such as the Booth model, over predicts the gas accumulation on grain boundaries compared with a polycrystal with a grain size distribution. Also, a considerable degree of scatter, or variability, exists in the grain boundary gas accumulation when comparing all of the grain boundaries in the microstructure.

  6. Dynamic collision reduction protocol for ultra-wide bandwidth multiple access networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomezak, Gregory John, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    In this thesis, we provide a cross-layer analysis of the throughput of the dynamic collision reduction (DCR) protocol, a multiple access protocol that requires frame synchronization. At the physical-layer, we develop the ...

  7. On Predictable Operating System Protocol Processing Clifford W. Mercer, Jim Zelenka, and Ragunathan Rajkumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    On Predictable Operating System Protocol Processing Clifford W. Mercer, Jim Zelenka, and Ragunathan, protocol processing, resource reservation, operating systems, predictability, reservation, admission that incorporate digital audio and video require predictable response from the operating system and the network

  8. Yet Another Secure Distance-Bounding Protocol Ventzislav Nikov and Marc Vauclair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Yet Another Secure Distance-Bounding Protocol Ventzislav Nikov and Marc Vauclair NXP Semiconductors, Leuven, Belgium, ventzislav.nikov@nxp.com, marc.vauclair@nxp.com Abstract. Distance-bounding protocols

  9. A Backup Route Aware Routing Protocol Fast Recovery from Transient Routing Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Lixin

    in experimental studies [14], [15]. Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), a path vector protocol for interdomain routing al [4] propose a solution using pre-established protection tunnels to reroute traffic during failures

  10. Topology Control Protocols to Conserve Energy in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Ya; Bien, Solomon; Mori, Yutaka; Heidemann, John; Estrin, D

    2003-01-01

    Protocols to Conserve Energy in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks YaL. Tassiulas. Energy conserving routing in wireless ad-hocAdaptive Energy Conservation Protocols for Wireless Ad Hoc

  11. Benthic Community Assessment Rapid Bioassessment Protocol: Benthic Macroinvertebrates (EPA 1989, 1999) .........................665

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    Macroinvertebrates (EPA 1989, 1999) .........................665 Sample Collection ......................................................................................................................................690 RAPID BIOASSESSMENT PROTOCOL: BENTHIC MACROINVERTEBRATES (EPA 1989, 1999) As with the habitat is presented below. However, the Rapid Bioassessment Protocols (RBP) outlined by the U.S. EPA (EPA 1989, 1999

  12. The influence of purification protocol and pH on tomato spotted wilt virions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimek, Christina Marie

    1993-01-01

    particles within the final pellet, an immunosorbent electron microscopy (ISEM) assay was performed on the purified virons obtained from each of the protocols. When the pH level was varied using protocol B, the purified virions were observed without...

  13. TDROP: A routing protocol for physically hierarchical ad hoc mobile networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Zaheer

    2000-01-01

    Many protocols for routing in mobile ad hoc networks have been proposed. None of these protocols differentiates mobile nodes based on their physical characteristics and also there is only one proposal for connecting ad hoc ...

  14. MANET Protocol Simulations Considered Harmful: The Case for Benchmarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2013-01-01

    Gas and Electric Company, “SmartMeter System How It Works,” http://www.pge.com/myhome/customerservice/smart- meter/

  15. ,"Total Natural Gas Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet)",,,,,"Natural Gas Energy Intensity (cubic feetsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heating","Water Heating","Cook- ing","Other","Total ","Space...

  16. Natural gas dehydration apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wijmans, Johannes G; Ng, Alvin; Mairal, Anurag P

    2006-11-07

    A process and corresponding apparatus for dehydrating gas, especially natural gas. The process includes an absorption step and a membrane pervaporation step to regenerate the liquid sorbent.

  17. Test Protocol Document, Hydrogen Safety Sensor Testing; Phase I: Non-Flammable Mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burgess, R.; Blake, C.; Tracy, C. E.

    2008-09-01

    This test protocol document includes an overview of hydrogen sensor technologies, test hardware requrements, and an outline of potential testing.

  18. A three-pass establishment protocol for real-time multiparty communication 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Jaehee

    1996-01-01

    with a suite of simulation experiments which Compares the performance of our approach with that of other exisiting protocols....

  19. The Materials Genome Initiative September 25, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    The Materials Genome Initiative September 25, 2013 Dr. Cyrus Wadia Assistant Director, Clean Energy're launching what we call the Materials Genome Initiative. The invention of silicon circuits and lithium ion

  20. SUBCHAPTER All INITIAL STATEMENT OF REASONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Boilers and Water Heaters, January 20, 2012 NR SOLAR AND WATER HEATING Memo to Boiler CASE Initiative "Solar Ready Homes and Solar Oriented Development", September 2011 RES SOLAR & WATER Initiative "Nonresidential Solarready Buildings", September 2011 NR SOLAR & WATER HEATING CASE

  1. DelftResearchInitiatives Medical technology for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    technology is creating a wave of innovation in healthcare, improving quality and efficiency while keepingDelftResearchInitiatives Medical technology for the future of healthcare Delft Health Initiative,affordablegreenenergy,acleanandsafelivingenvironment andcommutingandtransportationwithnotailbacks.Health,energy,environment, infrastructuresandmobilityaretoday

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - Gilbertson - Energy Park Initiative Update

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996How to Apply forNavalReginald AgunwahPaducah Site TourTank Initiative

  3. Green Button Initiative Makes Headway with Electric Industry and Consumers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11, SolarMat 4"GloriaGreen Button initiative|

  4. DOE Announces Geothermal Research Initiative | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pState Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives |a new collaboration between

  5. Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning Initiative - Meeting Calendars Interconnection-Wide Transmission Planning...

  6. An Energy-conscious Transport Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Energy-conscious Transport Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks Technical Report BUCS-2007 delivery requirements of applications. To meet its goal of energy efficiency, our transport protocol (1 We present a transport protocol whose goal is to reduce power consumption without compromising

  7. Implementation and evaluation of a 2 Channel MAC protocol to improve fairness in multihop networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shankara, Smitha

    2001-01-01

    The standard 802.11 MAC protocol, for wireless networks, is a single channel implementation. In multihop wireless networks, scenarios can arise where a single channel MAC protocol may not perform as fairly as a 2-Channel MAC protocol. By having 2...

  8. Testing and Evaluation Protocol for Radiation Detection Portal Monitors for Use in Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testing and Evaluation Protocol for Radiation Detection Portal Monitors for Use in Homeland..........................................................................................................3 #12;TEST AND EVALUATION PROTOCOL TEP NO. N42.35 PREPARED BY: DIV682 TITLE: Radiation Detection and Evaluation Protocol for Radiation Detection Portal Monitors for Use in Homeland Security 1. Scope

  9. Passive Cryptanalysis of the UnConditionally Secure Authentication Protocol for RFID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Passive Cryptanalysis of the UnConditionally Secure Authentication Protocol for RFID Systems(observing) about 90 runs of the protocol. Finding a nonce enables a passive attacker to recover all five secret. Key words: : RFID, Authentication Protocol, Passive Attack 1 Introduction As of today, RFID (Radio

  10. A Certifying Compiler for Zero-Knowledge Proofs of Knowledge Based on -Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    A Certifying Compiler for Zero-Knowledge Proofs of Knowledge Based on -Protocols (Full Version) Jos present a comprehensive spec- ification language and a certifying compiler for ZK-PoK protocols based on -protocols and composition techniques known in literature. The compiler allows the fully automatic

  11. Concrete Security for Entity Recognition: The Jane Doe Protocol (Full Paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Concrete Security for Entity Recognition: The Jane Doe Protocol (Full Paper) Stefan Lucks1 , Erik://weimerskirch.org/ 4 NEC Europe Ltd Dirk.Westhoff@nw.neclab.eu Abstract. Entity recognition does not ask whether presented at SAC 2003, the current paper proposes a new protocol ­ the "Jane Doe Protocol" ­, and provides

  12. Hybrid Protocol For Password-based Key Exchange in Three-party Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    1 Hybrid Protocol For Password-based Key Exchange in Three-party Setting TingMao Chang, Jin Zhou in modern cryptology. The critical of this approach is that designing a secure hybrid protocol and design a hybrid protocol that UC-securely realizes such task. That is, we firstly define an appropriate

  13. Cryptographic Protocol Analysis on Real C Code Jean Goubault-Larrecq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    protocol the public-key Needham-Schroeder protocol in standard notation (right). The goal is not diverted, this should reach , who will decrypt this using his P Partially supported by the ACI jeunes chercheurs "Sécurité informatique, protocoles cryp- tographiques et détection d'intrusions" and the ACI

  14. A Taxonomy of Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Gergely Acs, Levente Buttyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levente, Buttyán

    A Taxonomy of Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Gergely ´Acs, Levente Butty application scenarios. In this work, we propose a taxonomy of sensor network routing protocols, and classify the mainstream protocols proposed in the literature using this taxonomy. We distinguish five families

  15. Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky Abstract This paper considers energy constrained routing pro- tocols and workload balancing techniques for improving MANET routing protocols and energy efficiency. We give new routing protocol

  16. KYOTO PROTOCOL TO THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    KYOTO PROTOCOL TO THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE UNITED NATIONS 1998 #12;KYOTO PROTOCOL TO THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE The Parties to this Protocol, Being Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, hereinafter referred

  17. Detection of Design Flaws in the Android Permission Protocol through Bounded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    Detection of Design Flaws in the Android Permission Protocol through Bounded Verification Hamid of the permission protocol implemented in Android, a popular OS for smartphones. We propose a formal model of the Android permission protocol in Alloy, and describe a fully automatic analysis that identifies potential

  18. A Secure and efficient elliptic curve based authentication and key agreement protocol suitable for WSN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    for WSN Majid Bayat bayat@khu.ac.ir Department of Mathematical Sciences and Computer, University protocols for WSN which in this paper we show that the protocol has some security flaws. Also we introduce an enhanced authentication and key agreement protocol for WSN satisfying all the security requirements

  19. Comparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Timothy X.

    Comparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed Shweta Bhandare of the rout- ing protocols is carried out using the Click modular router infrastructure on laptops with wireless ethernet cards running Linux. We demonstrate the working of both ad hoc routing protocols through

  20. Performance of Routing Protocols in HF Wireless Networks Eric E. Johnson*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Balakrishnan* , and Zibin Tang* Klipsch School of Electrical and Computer Engineering New Mexico State and Routing Protocol (WARRP) and the Internet standard Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) protocol (RFC-3626 in the Internet. The Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) protocol (RFC-3626) [1] is an optimization

  1. A Semantic Analysis of Key Management Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merro, Massimo

    analysis of three well-known key management protocols for wireless sensor networks: µTESLA, LEAP+ and Li. Introduction Wireless sensors are small and cheap devices powered by low-energy batteries, equipped with radio protocol. Due to resource limitations, all key management protocols for WSNs, such as µTESLA [1], LiSP [2

  2. ACM SIGCOMM -1-Computer Communication Review The Design Philosophy of the DARPA Internet Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratnasamy, Sylvia

    of ISO protocols has also been colored by the history of the Internet suite, so an understandingACM SIGCOMM -1- Computer Communication Review The Design Philosophy of the DARPA Internet Protocols (DARPA) under Contract No. N00014-83-K-0125 Abstract The Internet protocol suite, TCP/IP, was first

  3. Initial data for rotating cosmologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Bizo?; Stefan Pletka; Walter Simon

    2015-08-28

    We revisit the construction of maximal initial data on compact manifolds in vacuum with positive cosmological constant via the conformal method. We discuss, extend and apply recent results of Hebey et al. [19] and Premoselli [31] which yield existence, non-existence, (non-)uniqueness and (linearisation-) stability of solutions of the Lichnerowicz equation, depending on its coefficients. We then focus on so-called $(t,\\phi)$-symmetric data as "seed manifolds", and in particular on Bowen-York data on the round hypertorus $\\mathbb{S}^2 \\times \\mathbb{S}$ (a slice of Nariai) and on Kerr-deSitter. In the former case, we clarify the bifurcation structure of the axially symmetric solutions of the Lichnerowicz equation in terms of the angular momentum as bifurcation parameter, using a combination of analytical and numerical techniques. As to the latter example, we show how dynamical data can be constructed in a natural way via conformal rescalings of Kerr-deSitter data.

  4. Initial data for rotating cosmologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Bizo?; Stefan Pletka; Walter Simon

    2015-06-09

    We revisit the construction of maximal initial data on compact manifolds in vacuum with positive cosmological constant via the conformal method. We discuss, extend and apply recent results of Hebey et al. [19] and Premoselli [31] which yield existence, non-existence, (non-)uniqueness and (linearisation-) stability of solutions of the Lichnerowicz equation, depending on its coefficients. We then focus on so-called $(t,\\phi)$-symmetric data as "seed manifolds", and in particular on Bowen-York data on the round hypertorus $\\mathbb{S}^2 \\times \\mathbb{S}$ (a slice of Nariai) and on Kerr-deSitter. In the former case, we clarify the bifurcation structure of the axially symmetric solutions of the Lichnerowicz equation in terms of the angular momentum as bifurcation parameter, using a combination of analytical and numerical techniques. As to the latter example, we show how dynamical data can be constructed in a natural way via conformal rescalings of Kerr-deSitter data.

  5. Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deep Vadose Zone­ Applied Field Research Initiative Fiscal Year 2012 Annual Report #12;Prepared Tasks 25 References 25 Appendix: FY2012 Products for the Deep Vadose Zone­ Applied Field Research Initiative Contents #12;Message from the Deep Vadose Zone- Applied Field Research Initiative Project Manager

  6. Materials Genome Initiative for Global Competitiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandy, John A.

    Materials Genome Initiative for Global Competitiveness June 2011 #12;2 Materials Genome Initiative information visit www.ostp.gov. #12;3Materials Genome Initiative for Global Competitiveness EXECUTIVE OFFICE, the development of advanced materials will fuel many of the emerging industries that will address challenges

  7. RESULTS FROM THE U.S. DOE 2006 SAVE ENERGY NOW ASSESSMENT INITIATIVE: DOE's Partnership with U.S. Industry to Reduce Energy Consumption, Energy Costs, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Anthony L; Martin, Michaela A; Gemmer, Bob; Scheihing, Paul; Quinn, James

    2007-09-01

    In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and other severe storms in 2005, natural gas supplies were restricted, prices rose, and industry sought ways to reduce its natural gas use and costs. In October 2005, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Secretary Bodman launched his Easy Ways to Save Energy campaign with a promise to provide energy assessments to 200 of the largest U.S. manufacturing plants. A major thrust of the campaign was to ensure that the nation's natural gas supplies would be adequate for all Americans, especially during home heating seasons. In a presentation to the National Press Club on October 3, 2005, Secretary Bodman said: 'America's businesses, factories, and manufacturing facilities use massive amounts of energy. To help them during this period of tightening supply and rising costs, our Department is sending teams of qualified efficiency experts to 200 of the nation's most energy-intensive factories. Our Energy Saving Teams will work with on-site managers on ways to conserve energy and use it more efficiently.' DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) responded to the Secretary's campaign with its Save Energy Now initiative, featuring a new and highly cost-effective form of energy assessments. The approach for these assessments drew heavily on the existing resources of ITP's Technology Delivery component. Over the years, ITP-Technology Delivery had worked with industry partners to assemble a suite of respected software decision tools, proven assessment protocols, training curricula, certified experts, and strong partnerships for deployment. Because of the program's earlier activities and the resources that had been developed, ITP was prepared to respond swiftly and effectively to the sudden need to promote improved industrial energy efficiency. Because of anticipated supply issues in the natural gas sector, the Save Energy Now initiative strategically focused on natural gas savings and targeted the nation's largest manufacturing plants--those that consume a total of 1 trillion British thermal units (Btu) or more annually. The approximately 6800 U.S. facilities that fall into this category collectively account for about 53% of all energy consumed by industry in the United States. The 2006 Save Energy Now energy assessments departed from earlier DOE plant assessments by concentrating solely on steam and process heating systems, which are estimated to account for approximately 74% of all natural gas use for manufacturing. The assessments also integrated a strong training component designed to teach industrial plant personnel how to use DOE's steam or process heating opportunity assessment software tools. This approach had the advantages of promoting strong buy-in of plant personnel for the assessment and its outcomes and preparing them better to independently replicate the assessment process at the company's other facilities. The Save Energy Now initiative also included provisions to help plants that applied for but did not qualify for assessments (based on the 1 trillion Btu criterion). Services offered to these plants included (1) an assessment by one of DOE's 26 university-based Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs), (2) a telephone consultation with a systems expert at the DOE's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Information Center, or (3) other technical materials and services available through ITP (e.g., the Save Energy Now CD). By the end of 2006, DOE had completed all 200 of the promised assessments, identifying potential natural gas savings of more than 50 trillion Btu and energy cost savings of about $500 million. These savings, if fully implemented, could reduce CO2 emissions by 4.04 million metric tons annually. These results, along with the fact that a large percentage of U.S. energy is used by a relatively small number of very large plants, clearly suggest that assessments are an expedient and cost-effective way to significantly affect large amounts of energy use. Building on the success of the 2006 initiative, ITP has expanded the effort in 2007 with the goal of conducting 250 more asse

  8. Separation of gas mixtures by thermoacoustic waves.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, G. W.; Geller, D. A.

    2001-01-01

    Imposing sound on a binary gas mixture in a duct separates the two gases along the acoustic-propagation axis. Mole-fraction differences as large as 10% and separation fluxes as high as 0.001 M-squared c, where M is Mach number and c is sound speed, are easily observed. We describe the accidental discovery of this phenomenon in a helium-xenon mixture, subsequent experiments with a helium-argon mixture, and theoretical developments. The phenomenon occurs because a thin layer of the gas adjacent to the wall is immobilized by viscosity while the rest of the gas moves back and forth with the wave, and the heat capacity of the wall holds this thin layer of the gas at constant temperature while the rest of the gas experiences temperature oscillations due to the wave's oscillating pressure. The oscillating temperature gradient causes the light and heavy atoms in the gas to take turns diffusing into and out of the immobilized layer, so that the oscillating motion of the wave outside the immobilized layer tends to carry light-enriched gas in one direction and heavy-enriched gas in the opposite direction. Experiment and theory are in very good agreement for the initial separation fluxes and the saturation mole-fraction differences.

  9. SEPARATION OF GAS MIXTURES BY THERMOACOUSTIC WAVES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.W. SWIFT; D.A. GELLER; P.S. SPOOR

    2001-06-01

    Imposing sound on a binary gas mixture in a duct separates the two gases along the acoustic-propagation axis. Mole-fraction differences as large as 10% and separation fluxes as high as 0.001 M-squared c, where M is Mach number and c is sound speed, are easily observed. We describe the accidental discovery of this phenomenon in a helium-xenon mixture, subsequent experiments with a helium-argon mixture, and theoretical developments. The phenomenon occurs because a thin layer of the gas adjacent to the wall is immobilized by viscosity while the rest of the gas moves back and forth with the wave, and the heat capacity of the wall holds this thin layer of the gas at constant temperature while the rest of the gas experiences temperature oscillations due to the wave's oscillating pressure. The oscillating temperature gradient causes the light and heavy atoms in the gas to take turns diffusing into and out of the immobilized layer, so that the oscillating motion of the wave outside the immobilized layer tends to carry light-enriched gas in one direction and heavy-enriched gas in the opposite direction. Experiment and theory are in very good agreement for the initial separation fluxes and the saturation mole-fraction differences.

  10. Carbon sequestration in natural gas reservoirs: Enhanced gas recovery and natural gas storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Curtis M.

    2003-01-01

    Hydrogen production from natural gas, sequestration ofunderground storage of natural gas, Jour. Petrol. Tech. 943,dioxide as cushion gas for natural gas storage, Energy and

  11. ANSP Protocols for Analysis of NAWQA Algae Samples Protocol P-13-57 Patrick Center for Environmental Research 117

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Donald

    hoods. 3.1.4. Gas suspension tables. 3.1.5. Slide warmers/hot plates. 3.2. Chemistry Laboratory. 3-57 118 Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia immersion lenses and oil condensers of oil build and/or inhibit the work environment. 4.4. Gas suspension tables. 4.4.1. Gas suspension

  12. Controls and Measurements of KU Engine Test Cells for Biodiesel, SynGas, and Assisted Biodiesel Combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cecrle, Eric Daniel

    2011-04-06

    the following: University of Kansas's Feedstock-to-Tailpipe Initiative's Synthesis Gas Reforming rig, Feedstock-to-Tailpipe Initiative's Biodiesel Single Cylinder Test Stand, and a unique Reformate Assisted Biodiesel Combustion architecture. The main...

  13. Detection attacks on cryptographic protocols and bound randomness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonio Acín; Daniel Cavalcanti; Elsa Passaro; Stefano Pironio; Paul Skrzypczyk

    2015-04-30

    In recent years, several hacking attacks have broken the security of quantum cryptography implementations by exploiting the presence of losses and the ability of the eavesdropper to tune detection efficiencies. We present a simple attack of this form that applies to any protocol in which the key is constructed from the results of untrusted measurements performed on particles coming from an insecure source or channel. Because of its generality, the attack applies to a large class of protocols, from standard prepare-and-measure to device-independent schemes. The derived critical detection efficiencies for security imply that the implementation of most partly device independent solutions is, from the point of view of detection efficiency, almost as demanding as fully device-independent ones. We also show how our attack implies the existence of a form of bound randomness, namely non-local correlations in which a non-signalling eavesdropper can find out a posteriori the result of any implemented measurement.

  14. Optimal continuous variable quantum teleportation protocol for realistic settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. S. Luiz; Gustavo Rigolin

    2015-02-04

    We show the optimal setup that allows Alice to teleport coherent states to Bob giving the greatest fidelity (efficiency) when one takes into account two realistic assumptions. The first one says that in any actual implementation of the continuous variable teleportation protocol (CVTP) Alice and Bob necessarily share non-maximally entangled states (two-mode finitely squeezed states). The second one assumes that Alice's pool of possible coherent states to be teleported to Bob does not cover the whole complex plane. The optimal strategy is achieved by tuning three parameters in the original CVTP, namely, the beam splitter transmittance and the displacements in position and momentum implemented on the teleported state. These slight changes in the protocol are currently easy to be implemented and, as we show, give considerable gain in perfomance for a variety of possible pool of input states with Alice.

  15. Efficiency in Quantum Key Distribution Protocols with Entangled Gaussian States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Rodó; O. Romero-Isart; K. Eckert; A. Sanpera

    2007-03-21

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) refers to specific quantum strategies which permit the secure distribution of a secret key between two parties that wish to communicate secretly. Quantum cryptography has proven unconditionally secure in ideal scenarios and has been successfully implemented using quantum states with finite (discrete) as well as infinite (continuous) degrees of freedom. Here, we analyze the efficiency of QKD protocols that use as a resource entangled gaussian states and gaussian operations only. In this framework, it has already been shown that QKD is possible (M. Navascu\\'es et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 010502 (2005)) but the issue of its efficiency has not been considered. We propose a figure of merit (the efficiency $E$) to quantify the number of classical correlated bits that can be used to distill a key from a sample of $N$ entangled states. We relate the efficiency of the protocol to the entanglement and purity of the states shared between the parties.

  16. Renewable Energy and the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.; Thompson, A.; Mills, D.; Kats, G. H.

    1999-04-14

    The Renewables Subcommittee for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) is developing a section of the IPMVP treating the special issues related to performance measurement of renewable energy systems. An industry consensus framework for measuring project benefits is important in realizing the promise of renewable energy. This work represents a voluntary, consensus-building process among sponsoring organizations from 21 countries and several disciplines. Measurement and Verification (M&V) can provide a common tool for standardization to support performance-based contracting, financing, and emissions trading. M&V can ensure that savings and generation requirements in energy projects will be achieved accurately and objectively. The protocol defines procedures that are consistently applicable to similar projects, internationally accepted, and reliable. Actual M&V project results can demonstrate success and provide developers, investors, lenders, and customers with more confidence in the value of future projects.

  17. Renewable energy and the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.; Thompson, A.; Mills, D.; Kats, G.H.

    1999-07-01

    The Renewables Subcommittee for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) is developing a section of the IPMVP treating the special issues related to performance measurement of renewable energy systems. An industry consensus framework for measuring project benefits is important in realizing the promise of renewable energy. This work represents a voluntary, consensus-building process among sponsoring organizations from 21 countries and several disciplines. Measurement and Verification (M and V) can provide a common tool for standardization to support performance-based contracting, financing, and emissions trading. M and V can ensure that savings and generation requirements in energy projects will be achieved accurately and objectively. The protocol defines procedures that are consistently applicable to similar projects, internationally accepted, and reliable. Actual M and V project results can demonstrate success and provide developers, investors, lenders, and customers with more confidence in the value of future projects.

  18. Shock Initiation of Damaged Explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chidester, S K; Vandersall, K S; Tarver, C M

    2009-10-22

    Explosive and propellant charges are subjected to various mechanical and thermal insults that can increase their sensitivity over the course of their lifetimes. To quantify this effect, shock initiation experiments were performed on mechanically and thermally damaged LX-04 (85% HMX, 15% Viton by weight) and PBX 9502 (95% TATB, 5% Kel-F by weight) to obtain in-situ manganin pressure gauge data and run distances to detonation at various shock pressures. We report the behavior of the HMX-based explosive LX-04 that was damaged mechanically by applying a compressive load of 600 psi for 20,000 cycles, thus creating many small narrow cracks, or by cutting wedge shaped parts that were then loosely reassembled, thus creating a few large cracks. The thermally damaged LX-04 charges were heated to 190 C for long enough for the beta to delta solid - solid phase transition to occur, and then cooled to ambient temperature. Mechanically damaged LX-04 exhibited only slightly increased shock sensitivity, while thermally damaged LX-04 was much more shock sensitive. Similarly, the insensitive explosive PBX 9502 was mechanically damaged using the same two techniques. Since PBX 9502 does not undergo a solid - solid phase transition but does undergo irreversible or 'rachet' growth when thermally cycled, thermal damage to PBX 9502 was induced by this procedure. As for LX-04, the thermally damaged PBX 9502 demonstrated a greater shock sensitivity than mechanically damaged PBX 9502. The Ignition and Growth reactive flow model calculated the increased sensitivities by igniting more damaged LX-04 and PBX 9502 near the shock front based on the measured densities (porosities) of the damaged charges.

  19. Noble gas magnetic resonator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walker, Thad Gilbert; Lancor, Brian Robert; Wyllie, Robert

    2014-04-15

    Precise measurements of a precessional rate of noble gas in a magnetic field is obtained by constraining the time averaged direction of the spins of a stimulating alkali gas to lie in a plane transverse to the magnetic field. In this way, the magnetic field of the alkali gas does not provide a net contribution to the precessional rate of the noble gas.

  20. Compressed gas manifold

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hildebrand, Richard J. (Edgemere, MD); Wozniak, John J. (Columbia, MD)

    2001-01-01

    A compressed gas storage cell interconnecting manifold including a thermally activated pressure relief device, a manual safety shut-off valve, and a port for connecting the compressed gas storage cells to a motor vehicle power source and to a refueling adapter. The manifold is mechanically and pneumatically connected to a compressed gas storage cell by a bolt including a gas passage therein.