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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Combined Natural Gas Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Combined Natural Gas Transportation Maps Combined Natural Gas Transportation Maps About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network Map of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network Major Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors Map of Major Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors see related text enlarge see related text enlarge U.S. Regional Breakdown Map of U.S. Regional Breakout States (in Grey) Highly Dependent on Interstate Pipelines for Natural Gas Supplies Map of States (in Grey) Highly Dependent on Interstate Pipelines for Natural Gas Supplies

2

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Major Natural Gas Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Natural Gas Transportation Corridors About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Major Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Corridors from the Southwest | From Canada | From Rocky Mountain Area | Details about Transportation Corridors The national natural gas delivery network is intricate and expansive, but most of the major transportation routes can be broadly categorized into 11 distinct corridors or flow patterns. 5 major routes extend from the producing areas of the Southwest 4 routes enter the United States from Canada 2 originate in the Rocky Mountain area. A summary of the major corridors and links to details about each corridor are provided below. Corridors from the Southwest Region

3

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Transportation Process & Flow  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Process and Flow Process and Flow About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Transportation Process and Flow Overview | Gathering System | Processing Plant | Transmission Grid | Market Centers/Hubs | Underground Storage | Peak Shaving Overview Transporting natural gas from the wellhead to the final customer involves several physical transfers of custody and multiple processing steps. A natural gas pipeline system begins at the natural gas producing well or field. Once the gas leaves the producing well, a pipeline gathering system directs the flow either to a natural gas processing plant or directly to the mainline transmission grid, depending upon the initial quality of the wellhead product.

4

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline Compressor...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Compressor Stations Illustration About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline...

5

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Pipelines Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural...

6

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Interstate Pipelines Segment  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Interstate Natural Gas...

7

Natural Gas Pipeline Safety (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This article states minimum safety standards for the transportation of natural gas by pipeline and reporting requirements for operators of pipelines.

8

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Overview Intrastate natural gas pipelines operate within State borders and link natural gas producers to local markets and to the interstate pipeline network. Approximately 29 percent of the total miles of natural gas pipeline in the U.S. are intrastate pipelines. Although an intrastate pipeline system is defined as one that operates totally within a State, an intrastate pipeline company may have operations in more than one State. As long as these operations are separate, that is, they do not physically interconnect, they are considered intrastate, and are not jurisdictional to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). More than 90 intrastate natural gas pipelines operate in the lower-48 States.

9

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Midwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region...

10

Gas Balancing Rules Must Take into account the Trade-off between Offering Pipeline Transport and Pipeline Flexibility in Liberalized Gas Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyses the value and cost of line-pack flexibility in liberalized gas markets through the examination of the techno-economic characteristics of gas transport pipelines and the trade-offs between the different ...

Keyaerts, Nico

11

Effective hardware for connection and repair of polyethylene pipelines using ultrasonic modification and heat shrinkage. Part 1. Aspects of connection and restoration of polymeric pipelines for gas transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aspects of the connection and restoration of polymeric pipelines for gas transport with the use of ... obtained, which can be used for the repair and restoration of polymeric pipelines, and to reduce the level of...

A. E. Kolosov; O. S. Sakharov; V. I. Sivetskii…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Gas Pipelines (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This chapter applies to any entity that owns, manages, operates, leases, or controls a pipeline for the purpose of transporting natural gas in the state for sale or compensation, as well as any...

13

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline Systems  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Pipelines Table Interstate Pipelines Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems, 2008 (Ranked by system capacity) Pipeline Name Market Regions Served Primary Supply Regions States in Which Pipeline Operates Transported in 2007 (million dekatherm)1 System Capacity (MMcf/d) 2 System Mileage Columbia Gas Transmission Co. Northeast Southwest, Appalachia DE, PA, MD, KY, NC, NJ, NY, OH, VA, WV 1,849 9,350 10,365 Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co. Northeast, Southeast Southwest AL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NY, SC, TX, VA, GM 2,670 8,466 10,450 Northern Natural Gas Co. Central, Midwest Southwest IA, IL, KS, NE, NM, OK, SD, TX, WI, GM 1,055 7,442 15,874 Texas Eastern Transmission Corp.

14

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Pipeline Capacity and Utilization  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline Utilization & Capacity Pipeline Utilization & Capacity About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity & Utilization Overview | Utilization Rates | Integration of Storage | Varying Rates of Utilization | Measures of Utilization Overview of Pipeline Utilization Natural gas pipeline companies prefer to operate their systems as close to full capacity as possible to maximize their revenues. However, the average utilization rate (flow relative to design capacity) of a natural gas pipeline system seldom reaches 100%. Factors that contribute to outages include: Scheduled or unscheduled maintenance Temporary decreases in market demand Weather-related limitations to operations

15

Gas Utility Pipeline Tax (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

All gas utilities, including any entity that owns, manages, operates, leases, or controls a pipeline for the purpose of transporting natural gas in the state for sale or compensation, as well as...

16

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline Development &  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelinesk > Development & Expansion Pipelinesk > Development & Expansion About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipeline Development and Expansion Timing | Determining Market Interest | Expansion Options | Obtaining Approval | Prefiling Process | Approval | Construction | Commissioning Timing and Steps for a New Project An interstate natural gas pipeline construction or expansion project takes an average of about three years from the time it is first announced until the new pipe is placed in service. The project can take longer if it encounters major environmental obstacles or public opposition. A pipeline development or expansion project involves several steps: Determining demand/market interest

17

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Northeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Northeast Region Northeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Northeast Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty interstate natural gas pipeline systems operate within the Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and West Virginia). These interstate pipelines deliver natural gas to several intrastate natural gas pipelines and at least 50 local distribution companies in the region. In addition, they also serve large industrial concerns and, increasingly, natural gas fired electric power generation facilities.

18

Pipelines and Underground Gas Storage (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These rules apply to intrastate transport of natural gas and other substances via pipeline, as well as underground gas storage facilities. The construction and operation of such infrastructure...

19

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview and Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline...

20

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This information product provides the interested reader with a broad and non-technical overview of how the U.S. natural gas pipeline network operates, along with some insights into the many individual pipeline systems that make up the network. While the focus of the presentation is the transportation of natural gas over the interstate and intrastate pipeline systems, information on subjects related to pipeline development, such as system design and pipeline expansion, are also included.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Western Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Western Region Western Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Western Region Overview | Transportation South | Transportation North | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Ten interstate and nine intrastate natural gas pipeline companies provide transportation services to and within the Western Region (Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington), the fewest number serving any region (see Table below). Slightly more than half the capacity entering the region is on natural gas pipeline systems that carry natural gas from the Rocky Mountain area and the Permian and San Juan basins. These latter systems enter the region at the New Mexico-Arizona and Nevada-Utah State lines. The rest of the capacity arrives on natural gas pipelines that access Canadian natural gas at the Idaho and Washington State border crossings with British Columbia, Canada.

22

Gas Pipeline Securities (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute establishes that entities engaged in the transmission of gas by pipelines are not required to obtain the consent of the Utility Regulatory Commission for issuance of stocks,...

23

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Links to U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Links Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Links to U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Information - The links below will either direct the user to a narrative describing the system, a pipeline system map, a FERC prescribed "Informational Postings" page, or a FERC Tariff Sheet. Pipeline Name Type of System Regions of Operations Acadian Gas Pipeline System Intrastate Southwest Algonquin Gas Transmission Co Interstate Northeast Alliance Pipeline Co Interstate Central, Midwest Anaconda Pipeline System Gathering Gulf of Mexico ANR Pipeline Co Interstate Midwest ANR Storage Co Interstate Midwest Arkansas Oklahoma Gas Co Intrastate Southwest Arkansas Western Pipeline Co Intrastate

24

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Southeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Southeast Region Southeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southeast Region Overview | Transportation to Atlantic & Gulf States | Gulf of Mexico Transportation Corridor | Transportation to the Northern Tier | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-three interstate, and at least eight intrastate, natural gas pipeline companies operate within the Southeast Region (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee). Fifteen of the twenty-one interstate natural gas pipelines originate in the Southwest Region and receive most of their supplies from the Gulf of Mexico or from the States of Texas and/or Louisiana.

25

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Activities Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...

26

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regulatory Authorities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Regulatory Authorities Regulatory Authorities About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Regulatory Authorities Beginning | Regulations Today | Coordinating Agencies | Regulation of Mergers and Acquisitions Beginning of Industry Restructuring In April 1992, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued its Order 636 and transformed the interstate natural gas transportation segment of the industry forever. Under it, interstate natural gas pipeline companies were required to restructure their operations by November 1993 and split-off any non-regulated merchant (sales) functions from their regulated transportation functions. This new requirement meant that interstate natural gas pipeline companies were allowed to only transport natural gas for their customers. The restructuring process and subsequent operations have been supervised closely by FERC and have led to extensive changes throughout the interstate natural gas transportation segment which have impacted other segments of the industry as well.

27

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Southwest Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Southwest Region Southwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southwest Region Overview | Export Transportation | Intrastate | Connection to Gulf of Mexico | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Most of the major onshore interstate natural gas pipeline companies (see Table below) operating in the Southwest Region (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas) are primarily exporters of the region's natural gas production to other parts of the country and Mexico, while an extensive Gulf of Mexico and intrastate natural gas pipeline network is the main conduit for deliveries within the region. More than 56,000 miles of natural gas pipeline on more than 66 intrastate natural gas pipeline systems (including offshore-to-onshore and offshore Gulf of Mexico pipelines) deliver natural gas to the region's local natural gas distribution companies and municipalities and to the many large industrial and electric power facilities located in the region.

28

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Central Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Central Region Central Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Central Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Exports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-two interstate and at least thirteen intrastate natural gas pipeline companies (see Table below) operate in the Central Region (Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming). Twelve interstate natural gas pipeline systems enter the region from the south and east while four enter from the north carrying Canadian supplies. The average utilization rates on those shipping Canadian natural gas tend to be higher than those carrying domestic supplies.

29

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Underground Natural Gas...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LNG Peak Shaving and Import Facilities Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates U.S. LNG Peaking...

30

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Imports/Exports Pipelines  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelines Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Import/Export Pipelines As of the close of 2008 the United States has 58 locations where natural gas can be exported or imported. 24 locations are for imports only 18 locations are for exports only 13 locations are for both imports and exports 8 locations are liquefied natural gas (LNG) import facilities Imported natural gas in 2007 represented almost 16 percent of the gas consumed in the United States annually, compared with 11 percent just 12 years ago. Forty-eight natural gas pipelines, representing approximately 28 billion cubic feet (Bcf) per day of capacity, import and export natural gas between the United States and Canada or Mexico.

31

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Underground Natural Gas Storage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Storage Storage About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Underground Natural Gas Storage Overview | Regional Breakdowns Overview Underground natural gas storage provides pipelines, local distribution companies, producers, and pipeline shippers with an inventory management tool, seasonal supply backup, and access to natural gas needed to avoid imbalances between receipts and deliveries on a pipeline network. There are three principal types of underground storage sites used in the United States today. They are: · depleted natural gas or oil fields (326), · aquifers (43), or · salt caverns (31). In a few cases mine caverns have been used. Most underground storage facilities, 82 percent at the beginning of 2008, were created from reservoirs located in depleted natural gas production fields that were relatively easy to convert to storage service, and that were often close to consumption centers and existing natural gas pipeline systems.

32

Gas Pipeline Safety (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This section establishes the Pipeline Safety Division within the Utility Regulatory Commission to administer federal pipeline safety standards and establish minimum state safety standards for...

33

Heavy oil transportation by pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Worldwide there are a number of pipelines used to transport heavy crude oils. The operations are facilitated in a variety of ways. For example, the Alyeska pipeline is an insulated pipeline transporting warm oil over 800 miles. This 48-inch line experiences limited heat loss due to the insulation, volume of oil contained, and heat gain due to friction and pumping. Some European trunk lines periodically handle heavy and waxy crudes. This is achieved by proper sizing of batches, following waxy crudes with non-waxy crudes, and increased use of scrapers. In a former Soviet republic, the transportation of heavy crude oil by pipeline has been facilitated by blending with a lighter Siberian crude. The paper describes the pipeline transport of heavy crudes by Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. The paper describes enhancing heavy oil transportation by emulsion formation, droplet suspension, dilution, drag reducing agents, and heating.

Gerez, J.M.; Pick, A.R. [Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc., Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview and Links Overview and Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline Companies Through a series of interconnecting interstate and intrastate pipelines the transportation of natural gas from one location to another within the United States has become a relatively seamless operation. While intrastate pipeline systems often transports natural gas from production areas directly to consumers in local markets, it is the interstate pipeline system's long-distance, high-capacity trunklines that supply most of the major natural gas markets in the United States. Of the six geographic regions defined in this analysis, the Southwest Region contains the largest number of individual natural gas pipeline systems (more than 90) and the highest level of pipeline mileage (over 106,000).

35

Natural gas pipeline technology overview.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States relies on natural gas for one-quarter of its energy needs. In 2001 alone, the nation consumed 21.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. A large portion of natural gas pipeline capacity within the United States is directed from major production areas in Texas and Louisiana, Wyoming, and other states to markets in the western, eastern, and midwestern regions of the country. In the past 10 years, increasing levels of gas from Canada have also been brought into these markets (EIA 2007). The United States has several major natural gas production basins and an extensive natural gas pipeline network, with almost 95% of U.S. natural gas imports coming from Canada. At present, the gas pipeline infrastructure is more developed between Canada and the United States than between Mexico and the United States. Gas flows from Canada to the United States through several major pipelines feeding U.S. markets in the Midwest, Northeast, Pacific Northwest, and California. Some key examples are the Alliance Pipeline, the Northern Border Pipeline, the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, the TransCanada Pipeline System, and Westcoast Energy pipelines. Major connections join Texas and northeastern Mexico, with additional connections to Arizona and between California and Baja California, Mexico (INGAA 2007). Of the natural gas consumed in the United States, 85% is produced domestically. Figure 1.1-1 shows the complex North American natural gas network. The pipeline transmission system--the 'interstate highway' for natural gas--consists of 180,000 miles of high-strength steel pipe varying in diameter, normally between 30 and 36 inches in diameter. The primary function of the transmission pipeline company is to move huge amounts of natural gas thousands of miles from producing regions to local natural gas utility delivery points. These delivery points, called 'city gate stations', are usually owned by distribution companies, although some are owned by transmission companies. Compressor stations at required distances boost the pressure that is lost through friction as the gas moves through the steel pipes (EPA 2000). The natural gas system is generally described in terms of production, processing and purification, transmission and storage, and distribution (NaturalGas.org 2004b). Figure 1.1-2 shows a schematic of the system through transmission. This report focuses on the transmission pipeline, compressor stations, and city gates.

Folga, S. M.; Decision and Information Sciences

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Maine Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Public Utilities Commission These regulations apply to entities seeking to develop and operate natural gas pipelines and provide construction requirements for such pipelines. The regulations describe the authority of the Public Utilities Commission with

37

Analysis of CO2 Separation from Flue Gas, Pipeline Transportation, and Sequestration in Coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was written to satisfy a milestone of the Enhanced Coal Bed Methane Recovery and CO2 Sequestration task of the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration project. The report begins to assess the costs associated with separating the CO2 from flue gas and then injecting it into an unminable coal seam. The technical challenges and costs associated with CO2 separation from flue gas and transportation of the separated CO2 from the point source to an appropriate sequestration target was analyzed. The report includes the selection of a specific coal-fired power plant for the application of CO2 separation technology. An appropriate CO2 separation technology was identified from existing commercial technologies. The report also includes a process design for the chosen technology tailored to the selected power plant that used to obtain accurate costs of separating the CO2 from the flue gas. In addition, an analysis of the costs for compression and transportation of the CO2 from the point-source to an appropriate coal bed sequestration site was included in the report.

Eric P. Robertson

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - States Dependent on Interstate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates States in grey which are at least 85% dependent on the interstate pipeline network for their natural gas supply are: New England - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Southeast - Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Northeast - Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, District of Columbia Midwest - Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Central - Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota West - Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency, 2007 Map: Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency

39

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pipeline safety in the United States has increased in recent decades, but incidents involving natural gas pipelines still cause an average of 17 fatalities and $133 M in property damage annually. ... Along with reducing greenhouse gas emissions, repairing production and pipeline leaks would improve consumer health and safety and save money. ... (37) Several barriers to pipeline repair and replacement exist, however, as cost recovery for pipeline repairs by distribution companies is often capped by Public Utility Commissions (PUCs). ...

Robert B. Jackson; Adrian Down; Nathan G. Phillips; Robert C. Ackley; Charles W. Cook; Desiree L. Plata; Kaiguang Zhao

2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

40

Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Program Info State Illinois Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Illinois Commerce Commission Standards established under this Act may apply to the design, installation, inspection, testing, construction, extension, operation, replacement, and maintenance of pipeline facilities. Whenever the Commission finds a particular facility to be hazardous to life or property, it may require the person operating such facility to take the steps necessary to remove the hazard. Each person who engages in the transportation of gas or who owns or operates pipeline facilities shall file with the Commission a plan for inspection and maintenance of each pipeline facility owned or operated by

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Optical Pipeline for Transport of Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed an optical pipeline for laser-guiding particles in air using vortex beams. Transport of agglomerates of nanoparticles forward and backward between two optical traps...

Shvedov, Vladlen G; Rode, Andrei V; Izdebskaya, Yana V; Desyatnikov, Anton S; Krolikowski, Wieslaw Z; Kivshar, Yuri S

42

Gas Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) Gas Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Public Service Commission of West Virginia The Gas Pipeline Safety Section of the Engineering Division is responsible for the application and enforcement of pipeline safety regulations under Chapter 24B of the West Virginia Code and 49 U.S.C. Chapter 601,

43

Pipeline Operations Program (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Pipeline Operations Program regulates the construction, acquisition, abandonment and interconnection of natural gas pipelines, as well as, the transportation and use of natural gas supplies.

44

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Network Configuration & System Design  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Network Configuration & System Design Network Configuration & System Design About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Network Configuration and System Design Overview | Transmission/Storage | Design Criteria | Importance of Storage| Overall Pipeline System Configuration Overview A principal requirement of the natural gas transmission system is that it be capable of meeting the peak demand of its shippers who have contracts for firm service. To meet this requirement, the facilities developed by the natural gas transmission industry are a combination of transmission pipelines to bring the gas to the market areas and of underground natural gas storage sites and liquefied natural gas (LNG) peaking facilities located in the market areas.

45

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...

46

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Presentation by 04-Adams to DOE Hydrogen...

47

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the...

48

Price of Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

49

4271 pipeline [n  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

envir. (Long-distance pipe for conveying natural gas, oil, potable water, etc.; specific terms gas pipeline, oil pipeline); s «pipeline» [m] (Conducto destinado al transporte de petróleo o gas a larg...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Definitions Map Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Southeast Region - Federal Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Midwest Region - Federal Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and

51

Pipeline gas pressure reduction with refrigeration generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high pressure of pipeline gas is reduced to the low pressure of a distribution system with simultaneous generation of refrigeration by passing the gas through two successive centrifugal compressors driven by two turbo-expanders in which the compressed gas is expanded to successively lower pressures. Refrigeration is recovered from the gas as it leaves each turbo-expander. Methanol is injected into the pipeline gas before it is expanded to prevent ice formation. Aqueous methanol condensate separated from the expanded gas is distilled for the recovery and reuse of methanol.

Markbreiter, S. J.; Schorr, H. P.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

52

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

South Carolina Electric and Gas University of South Carolina Praxair Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group

53

SAFETY OF HYDROGEN/NATURAL GAS MIXTURES BY PIPELINES: ANR FRENCH PROJECT HYDROMEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SAFETY OF HYDROGEN/NATURAL GAS MIXTURES BY PIPELINES: ANR FRENCH PROJECT HYDROMEL Hébrard, J.1 linked with Hydrogen/Natural gas mixtures transport by pipeline, the National Institute of Industrial scenario, i.e. how the addition of a quantity of hydrogen in natural gas can increase the potential

Boyer, Edmond

54

EIS-0140: Ocean State Power Project, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared this statement to evaluate potential impacts of construction and operation of a new natural gas-fired, combined-cycle power plant which would be located on a 40.6-acre parcel in the town of Burrillville, Rhode Island, as well as construction of a 10-mile pipeline to transport process and cooling water to the plant from the Blackstone River and a 7.5-mile pipeline to deliver No. 2 fuel oil to the site for emergency use when natural gas may not be available. The Economic Regulatory Administration adopted the EIS on 7/15/1988.

55

Computer Systems to Oil Pipeline Transporting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer systems in the pipeline oil transporting that the greatest amount of data can be gathered, analyzed and acted upon in the shortest amount of time. Most operators now have some form of computer based monitoring system employing either commercially available or custom developed software to run the system. This paper presented the SCADA systems to oil pipeline in concordance to the Romanian environmental reglementations.

Chis, Timur

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem EWO MEETING, Fall 2010 Ajit Gopalakrishnan Advisor: L. T. Biegler #12;Background: Gas pipeline optimization 2 Gas pipeline networks optimization Load forecast Weather, load history Controller #12;Pipeline modeling [Baumrucker & Biegler, 09

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

57

Gas Pipelines, County Roads (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A contract with any Board of County Commissioners is required prior to the construction of a pipeline, conduit, or private drain across or along any county highway. The contract will include terms...

58

Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute confers upon the Iowa Utilities Board the authority to act as an agent of the federal government in determining pipeline company compliance with federal standards within the boundaries...

59

Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Projects (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Siting and Permitting Any utility proposing to construct a natural gas pipeline requiring a Certificate of Authority (CA) under Wis. Stat. §196.49 must prepare an

60

Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (Florida) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (Florida) Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Program Info State Florida Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Florida Public Service Commission The regulation of natural gas intrastate transportation and sale is deemed to be an exercise of the police power of the state for the protection of the public welfare. The Public Service Commission is empowered to fix and regulate rates and services of natural gas transmission companies, including, without limitation, rules and regulations for determining the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic gas pipeline Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pipeline Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: arctic gas pipeline...

62

Pipeline transportation and underground storage are vital and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, September 2004 16 Figure 12. Typical Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Process Source: Courtesy of Gulfstream Natural Gas System LLC...

63

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Additions in 2008 and Projects through 2011 This report examines new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2008. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2009 and 2011, and the market factors supporting these initiatives. Questions or comments on this article should be directed to Damien Gaul at damien.gaul@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-2073. Robust construction of natural gas infrastructure in 2008 resulted in the completion of 84 pipeline projects in the lower 48 States, adding close to 4,000 miles of natural gas pipeline. These completions of new natural gas pipelines and expansions of existing pipelines in the United States

64

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

65

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

66

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

67

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

68

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

69

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

70

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues The United States has 11...

71

Calais, ME Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Calais, ME Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

72

Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

73

Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul...

74

Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Noyes, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

75

Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Champlain, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

76

Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Waddington, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

77

Eastport, ID Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Eastport, ID Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

78

Statistical Modeling of Corrosion Failures in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural gas pipelines are a critical component of the U.S. energy infrastructure. The safety of these pipelines plays a key role for the gas industry. Therefore, the understanding of failure characteristics and their consequences are very important...

Cobanoglu, Mustafa Murat

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

79

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Import/Export Locations  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelines > Import/Export Location List Pipelines > Import/Export Location List About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Currently, there are 58 locations at which natural gas can be exported or imported into the United States, including 9 LNG (liquefied natural gas) facilities in the continental United States and Alaska (There is a tenth U.S. LNG import facility located in Puerto Rico). At 28 of these locations natural gas or LNG currently can only be imported; while at 17 they may only be exported (1 LNG export facility is located in Alaska). At 13 of the 58 locations natural gas may, and sometimes does, flow in both directions, although at each of these sites the flow is primarily either import or export.

80

Artificial neural network models for predicting condition of offshore oil and gas pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pipelines daily transport and distribute huge amounts of oil and gas across the world. They are considered the safest method of transporting oil and gas because of their limited number of failures. However, pipelines are subject to deterioration and degradation. It is therefore important that pipelines be effectively monitored to optimize their operation and to reduce their failures to an acceptable safety limit. Numerous models have been developed recently to predict pipeline conditions. Nevertheless, most of these models have used corrosion features alone to assess the condition of pipelines. Hence, this paper presents the development of models that evaluate and predict the condition of offshore oil and gas pipelines based on several factors besides corrosion. The models were developed using artificial neural network (ANN) technique based on historical inspection data collected from three existing offshore oil and gas pipelines in Qatar. The models were able to successfully predict pipeline conditions with an average percent validity above 97% when applied to the validation data set. The models are expected to help pipeline operators to assess and predict the condition of existing oil and gas pipelines and hence prioritize the planning of their inspection and rehabilitation.

Mohammed S. El-Abbasy; Ahmed Senouci; Tarek Zayed; Farid Mirahadi; Laya Parvizsedghy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines Fotios G. Thomaidis1@kepa.uoa.gr Abstract. The route of transcontinental natural gas pipelines is characterized by complexity, compared choices. Keywords: Optimum route method, natural gas, transcontinental pipelines, Caspian Region ­ E

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

82

Gas supplies of interstate/natural gas pipeline companies 1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides information on the interstate pipeline companies' supply of natural gas during calendar year 1989, for use by the FERC for regulatory purposes. It also provides information to other Government agencies, the natural gas industry, as well as policy makers, analysts, and consumers interested in current levels of interstate supplies of natural gas and trends over recent years. 5 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

83

Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama) Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Alabama Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines All public utilities and persons subject to this rule shall file with the commission an operating and maintenance plan as well as an emergency plan. All construction work involving the addition and/or the replacement of gas

84

Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Florida Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Florida Department of Environmental Protection This Act establishes a centralized and coordinated permitting process for the location of natural gas transmission pipeline corridors and the construction and maintenance of natural gas transmission pipelines. The Act intends to achieve a reasonable balance between the need for the natural

85

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

86

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Activities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOT/PHMSA DOT/PHMSA A ti iti Activities Michael Conroy U S Department of Transportation - 1 - U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Office of Hazardous Materials Safety Radioactive Materials U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Overview * Harmonization with International Regulations * Update on Revisions to International Regulations * Recent Letters of Interpretation * Update on Rulemakings * PHMSA Information Resources - 2 - * PHMSA Information Resources 2 U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration HM-230 Harmonized with 2000 Version of IAEA's 1996 Edition - 3 - U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

87

Pipeline repair development in support of the Oman to India gas pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a summary of development which has been conducted to date for the ultra deep, diverless pipeline repair system for the proposed Oman to India Gas Pipeline. The work has addressed critical development areas involving testing and/or prototype development of tools and procedures required to perform a diverless pipeline repair in water depths of up to 3,525 m.

Abadie, W.; Carlson, W.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Pipeline and vehicle transportation problems in the petroleum industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???In the petroleum industry, petroleum product logistics can be divided into two phases: first logistics, which is mainly provided through pipeline transportation or railway, refers… (more)

Zhen, Feng ( ??)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Pipeline transportation of high pour Handil crude  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Problems related with the pipeline transportation of high pour Handil (Indonesia) crude between Huntington Beach and Santa Fe Springs, California are discussed. The results of laboratory and field studies of chemical additives for pour depression are presented. A rotational viscometer was used to establish the relevant rheological parameters of treated and untreated crude. Chemical treatment at the 200 ppm level was found to be economically more attractive than the available heating step. A limited discussion is also presented of the use of analytical methods for improved characterization of the wax-wax and wax-additive interactions. 11 refs.

Irani, C.A.; Zajac, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Exergoeconomic Evaluation of Desalinated Water Production in Pipeline Gas Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pipelines transporting gas often are thousands of kilometers long, a number of compressor stations are needed, which consume a significant amount of energy. To improve the efficiency of the compressor stations, the high temperature exhaust gases from the gas turbines which drive the compressors are used for producing steam or other motive fluid in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The steam or other vapor is then used to drive a turbine, which in turn drives other compressors or other applications. This paper is to discuss the techno-economic evaluation of different desalination process using the exhaust of 25 MW gas turbine in gas station. MED, MSF and RO desalination systems have been considered. Nadoshan pipeline gas stations with 25 MW gas turbine drivers in Iran were considered as a case study. In this regard, the simulation has been performed in Thermoflex Software. Moreover, the computer code has been developed for thermodynamic simulation and exergoeconomic analysis. Finally, different scenarios have been evaluated and comprised in view of economic, exergetic and exergoeconomic.

M.H. Khoshgoftar Manesh; S. Khamis Abadi; H. Ghalami; M. Amidpour

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,, * Adrian Down, Nathan G increased in recent decades, but incidents involving natural gas pipelines still cause an average of 17 fatalities and $133 M in property damage annually. Natural gas leaks are also the largest anthropogenic

Jackson, Robert B.

92

EIS-0467: Hanford Site Natural Gas Pipeline, Richland, WA  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE announces its intent to prepare an EIS for the Acquisition of a Natural Gas Pipeline and Natural Gas Utility Service at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington (Natural Gas Pipeline or NGP EIS), and initiate a 30-day public scoping period.

93

EIA - Analysis of Natural Gas Imports/Exports & Pipelines  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports/Exports & Pipelines Imports/Exports & Pipelines 2010 U.S Natural Gas Imports and Exports: 2009 This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2009. Natural gas import and export data, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) data, are provided through the year 2009 in Tables SR1-SR9. Categories: Imports & Exports/Pipelines (Released, 9/28/2010, Html format) Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2009 This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2009 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2009 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, offshore and onshore production, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and above-average storage inventories. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 7/9/2010, Html format)

94

,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72014" ,"Release Date:","9302014" ,"Next...

95

Pipeline transportation and underground storage are vital and complementary components of the U  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in U.S. Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure in 2004 Changes in U.S. Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure in 2004 Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, June 2005 1 This report looks at the level of growth that occurred within the U.S. natural gas transportation network during 2004. In addition, it includes a discussion and an analysis of recent gas pipeline development activities and an examination of additional projects proposed for completion over the next several years. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. Expansion of the U.S. natural gas transmission network slowed in 2004, both in terms of added transportation capacity and new pipeline mileage. Only about 1,450 miles

96

Composite wrap approved for U.S. gas-pipeline repairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US agency that oversees pipeline safety has taken the unusual step of waiving certain natural-gas pipeline maintenance regulations and permitted a group of gas-pipeline operators to perform repairs with a patented composite wrap formerly used only on liquids lines. The waivers ar subject to conditions and to future performance evaluations. The wrap is made of polyester resin reinforced by glass filament. On installation, it is tightly wound and adhesively bonded to damaged pipe. The paper describes the 2 waivers, the development of this new technology, savings, and training required by the Dept. of Transportation.

True, W.R.

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

97

Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program May 26, 2005 - 1:03pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy tomorrow, Friday, May 27, will publish a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal Register seeking public comment on an $18 billion loan guarantee program to encourage the construction of a pipeline that will bring Alaskan natural gas to the continental United States. The pipeline will provide access to Alaska's 35 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves, and would be a major step forward in meeting America's growing energy needs and reducing our dependence on foreign sources of energy. It would also fulfill the Bush Administration's policy to bring Alaska's natural gas reserves to market.

98

Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program May 26, 2005 - 1:03pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy tomorrow, Friday, May 27, will publish a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal Register seeking public comment on an $18 billion loan guarantee program to encourage the construction of a pipeline that will bring Alaskan natural gas to the continental United States. The pipeline will provide access to Alaska's 35 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves, and would be a major step forward in meeting America's growing energy needs and reducing our dependence on foreign sources of energy. It would also fulfill the Bush Administration's policy to bring Alaska's natural gas reserves to market.

99

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional/State Underground Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Regional/State Underground Natural Gas Storage Table Regional/State Underground Natural Gas Storage Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Underground Natural Gas Storage, Close of 2007 Depleted-Reservoir Storage Aquifer Storage Salt-Cavern Storage Total Region/ State # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) Central Region Colorado 8 42 1,088 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 42 1,088 Iowa 0 0 0 4 77 1,060 0 0 0 4 77 1,060

100

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

102

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

individual company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

103

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

104

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

105

Odorization system upgrades gas utility`s pipelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mountain Fuel Supply Co., a subsidiary of Questar Corp., salt Lake City, is a natural gas holding company with $1.6 billion in assets. From 1929 to 1984, Mountain Fuel Supply Co. owned and operated many natural gas wells, gathering systems, and transmission pipelines to serve its Utah and Wyoming customers. Gas is odorized at convenient points on the transmission lines and at each downstream location where unodorized gas entered the system. Since 40 to 60% of the gas delivered to the company`s customers passes through Coalville Station, it was vital that a reliable, state-of-the-art odorant station be constructed at this site. Construction began during the summer of 1994 and the system came on line Sept. 1, 1994. The station odorized 435 MMcfd with 330 lbs. of odorant during last winter`s peak day, a mild winter. Mountain Fuel is subject to Department of Transportation (DOT) codes which mandate that gas be readily detectable at one fifth the lower explosive limit (LEL), or about 1% gas in air. However, the company strives to maintain a readily detectable odor at 0.25% of gas in air as measured by odormeter tests throughout the distribution system. Experience has shown that maintaining an odorant injection rate of 0.75 lbs/MMcf provides adequate odor levels. A blend of odorant consisting of 50% tertiary butyl mercaptan (TBM) and 50% tetrahydrothiophene (THT) was used for many years by Questar Pipeline. Presently, it is used at all Mountain Fuel stations. This paper reviews the design and operation of this odorization station.

Niebergall, B. [Mountain Fuel Supply, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Virtual Pipeline System Testbed to Optimize the U.S. Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop a Virtual Pipeline System Testbed (VPST) for natural gas transmission. This study uses a fully implicit finite difference method to analyze transient, nonisothermal compressible gas flow through a gas pipeline system. The inertia term of the momentum equation is included in the analysis. The testbed simulate compressor stations, the pipe that connects these compressor stations, the supply sources, and the end-user demand markets. The compressor station is described by identifying the make, model, and number of engines, gas turbines, and compressors. System operators and engineers can analyze the impact of system changes on the dynamic deliverability of gas and on the environment.

Kirby S. Chapman; Prakash Krishniswami; Virg Wallentine; Mohammed Abbaspour; Revathi Ranganathan; Ravi Addanki; Jeet Sengupta; Liubo Chen

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

by Pipeline into the U.S. Form Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form Excel Version of Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form.xlsx PDF Version of Natural...

108

Innovative Techniques of Multiphase Flow in Pipeline System for Oil?Gas Gathering and Transportation with Energy?Saving and Emission?Reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiphase flow measurement desanding dehumidification and heat furnace are critical techniques for the oil and gas gathering and transportation which influnce intensively the energy?saving and emission?reduction in the petroleum industry. Some innovative techniques were developed for the first time by the present research team including an online recognation instrument of multiphase flow regime a water fraction instrument for multuphase flow a coiled tube desanding separator with low pressure loss and high efficiency a supersonic swirling natural gas dehumifier and a vacuum phase?change boiler. With an integration of the above techniques a new oil gas gathering and transpotation system was proposed which reduced the establishment of one metering station and several transfer stations compared with the tranditional system. The oil and gas mixture transpotation in single pipes was realized. The improved techniques were applied in the oilfields in China and promoted the productivity of the oilfields by low energy consumption low emissions high efficiency and great security.

Bofeng Bai; Liejin Guo; Shaojun Zhang; Ximin Zhang; Hanyang Gu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 EIA Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Analysis Publications Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 Printer-Friendly Version Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network - 2002 Text Box: This special report looks at the level of new capacity added to the national natural gas pipeline network in 2002 and the current capability of that network to transport supplies from production areas to U.S. markets. In addition, it examines the amount of additional capacity proposed for development during the next several years and to what degree various proposed projects will improve the deliverability of natural gas to key market areas. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. james.tobin@eia.doe.gov

110

Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Pipeline Safety Rule simply states, "The Minimum Federal Safety Standards for the transportation of natural and other gas by pipeline (Title 49, Chapter 1, Part 192) as published in the Federal...

111

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freig pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freig pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation ope

112

Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

113

Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline Network...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

consists of thinner-walled, smaller-diameter natural gas pipelines. The predominance of small-scale compressor stations is also reflected in the spread between the mean (average)...

114

New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

115

Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

116

Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2,935...

117

Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 19,453...

118

Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 0 0 0...

119

Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

120

North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Missouri Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

122

Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

123

Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

124

New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

125

Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

126

California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

127

Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

128

Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

129

Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

130

District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

131

Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

132

Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

133

District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

134

Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

135

Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

136

Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

137

Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 13...

138

South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

139

Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

140

Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

142

Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

143

Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 5,186...

144

Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

145

North Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

146

Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

147

Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 9 8...

148

Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

149

Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

150

Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

151

Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

152

Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

153

North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

154

Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

155

Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

156

New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

157

Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

158

Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

159

Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

160

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

162

West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

163

California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

164

Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

165

Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

166

Iowa Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 11,309...

167

Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

168

Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

169

Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

170

Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 656...

171

Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

172

New York Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(Million Cubic Feet) New York Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

173

Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

174

A Low-Cost Natural Gas/Freshwater Aerial Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Offered is a new type of low-cost aerial pipeline for delivery of natural gas, an important industrial and residential fuel, and freshwater as well as other payloads over long distances. The offered pipeline dramatically decreases the construction and operation costs and the time necessary for pipeline construction. A dual-use type of freight pipeline can improve an arid rural environment landscape and provide a reliable energy supply for cities. Our aerial pipeline is a large, self-lofting flexible tube disposed at high altitude. Presently, the term "natural gas" lacks a precise technical definition, but the main components of natural gas are methane, which has a specific weight less than air. A lift force of one cubic meter of methane equals approximately 0.5 kg. The lightweight film flexible pipeline can be located in the Earth-atmosphere at high altitude and poses no threat to airplanes or the local environment. The authors also suggest using lift force of this pipeline in tandem with wing devices for cheap shipment of a various payloads (oil, coal and water) over long distances. The article contains a computed macroproject in northwest China for delivery of 24 billion cubic meter of gas and 23 millions tonnes of water annually.

Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

175

Natural Gas Pipeline Research: Best Practices in Monitoring Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural Gas Pipeline Research: Best Practices in Monitoring Technology Energy Systems Research/index.html January 2012 The Issue California is the secondlargest natural gas consuming state in the United States, just behind Texas. About 85% of the natural gas consumed in California is delivered on interstate

176

Application of PV panels into electricity generation system of compression stations in gas transporting systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??  This thesis deals with problems of electricity generation and saving at compression stations of magistral gas transporting pipelines in Russia. Russia is a biggest… (more)

Belyaev, Alexey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

A Low-Cost Natural Gas/Freshwater Aerial Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Offered is a new type of low-cost aerial pipeline for delivery of natural gas, an important industrial and residential fuel, and freshwater as well as other payloads over long distances. The offered pipeline dramatically decreases the construction and operation costs and the time necessary for pipeline construction. A dual-use type of freight pipeline can improve an arid rural environment landscape and provide a reliable energy supply for cities. Our aerial pipeline is a large, self-lofting flexible tube disposed at high altitude. Presently, the term "natural gas" lacks a precise technical definition, but the main components of natural gas are methane, which has a specific weight less than air. A lift force of one cubic meter of methane equals approximately 0.5 kg. The lightweight film flexible pipeline can be located in the Earth-atmosphere at high altitude and poses no threat to airplanes or the local environment. The authors also suggest using lift force of this pipeline in tandem with wing devices for che...

Bolonkin, A; Bolonkin, Alexander; Cathcart, Richard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A comprehensive analysis of natural gas distribution pipeline incidents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to provide a reference database for pipeline companies and/or regulators with an investigation of safety performance of US natural gas distribution pipelines. With a total of 3,679 natural gas distribution pipeline incidents between 1985 and 2010, nine safety indicators are statistically analysed in terms of the year, pipeline length, regions, pipeline diameter, pipeline wall thickness, material, age, incident area and incident cause to identify the relationship between safety indicators and various variables. Overall average frequencies of incidents, injuries and fatalities between 1985 and 2009 are 0.0846/1,000 mile-years, 0.0407/1,000 mile-years, and 0.0094/1,000 mile-years respectively. The analysis shows that the safety performance of US natural gas distribution pipeline is improving over time, and different variables have different impact on safety performances. However, the number of annual incidents does not show a significant decline due to increasing energy demand. [Received: March 21 2012; Accepted: July 15 2012

Zhenhua Rui; Xiaoqing Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Review of Gas Transmission Pipeline Repair Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Repair methods are key operations for the integrity management of pipelines. The parameters guiding the repair decision are briefly reminded. A nonexhaustive external and internal repair techniques are described,...

Remi Batisse

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.

Hashemi, S. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birjand, POBOX 97175-376, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadyani, D. [Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC) POBOX 14155-4777, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EIS-0164: Pacific Gas Transmission/Pacific Gas and Electric and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has prepared the PGT/PG&E and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Environmental Impact Statement to satisfy the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act. This project addresses the need to expand the capacity of the pipeline transmission system to better transfer Canadian natural gas to Southern California and the Pacific Northwest. The U.S. Department of Energy cooperated in the preparation of this statement because Section 19(c) of the Natural Gas Act applies to the Department’s action of authorizing import/export of natural gas, and adopted this statement by the spring of 1992. "

182

NETL: News Release - National Labs to Strengthen Natural Gas Pipeline's  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Labs to Strengthen Natural Gas Pipelines' Integrity, Reliability National Labs to Strengthen Natural Gas Pipelines' Integrity, Reliability DOE Receives 24 Proposals, Valued at Half Billion Dollars, For Technologies to Improve Power Plants, Cut Emissions MORGANTOWN, WV - To identify and develop advanced technology for the nation's natural gas pipelines, the Energy Department is calling upon the national labs to assist private industry in developing innovative technologies that establish a framework for future natural gas transmission and distribution systems. The laboratories will help 11 government-industry cost-shared projects, many of which center around detection devices designed to prevent pipeline damage, DOE selected earlier this year (see May 31, 2001, announcement). DOE estimates that natural gas consumption will increase by 60 percent by 2020, placing an unaccustomed demand on the U.S.'s aging natural gas infrastructure. The already-selected 11 projects address that need by demonstrating robotics and other sophisticated ways of bolstering strength, and, therefore, the integrity and reliability of the pipelines the crisscross the country.

183

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next Release Date: 11282014 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline...

184

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline...

185

Minimum thickness for circumferential sleeve repair fillet welds in corroded gas pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The minimum weldable pipe wall thickness for sleeve repair welds is numerically assessed in this work, as a function of pressure during the welding operations of a corroded gas pipeline, according to the approach by Battelle. The minimum weldable thickness is found to increase when the flow rate of the transported gas in the section being repaired increases. Integrity of the repairs is assessed, and alternative measures to momentarily increase the flow in the area of the repair are evaluated.

A.P Cisilino; M.D Chapetti; J.L Otegui

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States has 11 distinct natural gas pipeline corridors: five originate in the Southwest, four deliver natural gas from Canada, and two extend from the Rocky Mountain region. This study assesses the potential to deliver hydrogen through the existing natural gas pipeline network as a hydrogen and natural gas mixture to defray the cost of building dedicated hydrogen pipelines.

Melaina, M. W.; Antonia, O.; Penev, M.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for the Optimization of Gas Pipeline Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for the Optimization of Gas Pipeline Networks EWO University Oct 12, 2011 Ajit Gopalakrishnan (CMU) Economic NMPC for gas pipeline optimization Oct 12, 2011 1 Gopalakrishnan (CMU) Economic NMPC for gas pipeline optimization Oct 12, 2011 4 / 24 #12;Natural Gas Industry

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

188

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This study assesses the potential to deliver hydrogen through the existing natural gas pipeline network as a hydrogen and natural gas mixture to defray the cost of building dedicated hydrogen pipelines.

189

IP CN Crosby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

IP CN Crosby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) IP CN Crosby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

190

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This study assesses the potential to deliver hydrogen through the existing natural gas pipeline network as a hydrogen and natural gas mixture to defray the cost of building dedicated hydrogen pipeline

191

NETL: News Release - Robot Successfully Inspects Live Natural Gas Pipeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

22, 2004 22, 2004 Robot Successfully Inspects Live Natural Gas Pipeline in New York Field Test is a First for Natural Gas Industry BROCKPORT, NY - In a recent field demonstration filled with "firsts," a self-powered robot developed by the Northeast Gas Association, Carnegie Mellon University, and the Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory successfully inspected a mile of a live natural gas distribution main in Brockport, New York. Known as EXPLORER, the remote-controlled robot was launched and retrieved four times on October 8 with no interruption in customer service. The system successfully made its way through an 8-inch diameter pipeline owned and operated by Rochester Electric & Gas, and maneuvered several 70- to 90-degree bends.

192

Pipeline transportation and underground storage are vital and complementary components of the U  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2005 Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2005 This report examines the amount of new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2005 and the areas of the country where those additions were concentrated. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2006 and 2008 and the market factors supporting these initiatives. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. The addition to natural gas pipeline capacity in 2005 exceeded that of 2004 (Figure 1) although fewer miles of pipeline were installed (Figure 2). Miles of new natural gas pipeline (1,152) were 21 percent less than in 2004, even

193

Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operat and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operations pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian

194

Natural Gas Transportation Resiliency  

Energy Savers [EERE]

reliability and availability - Spare machines - Ability to rapidly repairreplace * Meter Stations - Capacity firm versus peak day - Redundancy - Reliability * Pipeline(s) -...

195

Design for acceptable risk in transportation pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, the probabilistic methods have been used to produce a methodology capable to estimate the acceptable level of risk in a cost-benefit framework. The benefits and the costs are weighed against associated risks to aid the decision making process on risk acceptance, from both the individual and societal perspective. Thereafter, acceptable individual and societal risk levels are defined based on historical trend of non-voluntary deaths and overall national fatalities. An example is used to explore the practical application of the method to critical infrastructures such as petroleum pipelines. The results show that the cost-benefit risk framework provides a safety standard that is acceptable from both individual and societal perspectives.

Alex W. Dawotola; P.H.A.J.M. Van Gelder; J.K. Vrijling

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 268,310 232,878 254,455 235,621 236,725...

197

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Exports (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 6,424 6,846 10,601 8,211 6,284 5,741...

198

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 In 2005-06, the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) conducted a study on the adequacy of interstate natural gas pipeline capacity serving the northeastern United States to meet natural gas demand in the event of a pipeline disruption. The study modeled gas demand for select market areas in the Northeast under a range of different weather conditions. The study then determined how interstate pipeline flow patterns could change in the event of a pipeline disruption to one or more of the pipelines serving the region in order to meet the gas demand. The results

199

Pipeline Politics: Natural Gas in Eurasia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Union energy policy to increase influence in energy markets, push for increased gas storage across Europe to provide temporary relief against gas disruptions, and explore increased US and European cooperation with Russia on energy market access....

Landrum, William W.; Llewellyn, Benjamin B.; Limesand, Craig M.; Miller, Dante J.; Morris, James P.; Nowell, Kathleen S.; Sherman, Charlotte L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Leakage Risk Assessment of CO2 Transportation by Pipeline at the Illinois Basin Decatur Project, Decatur, Illinois  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S.M. , 2007, Natural Gas Pipeline Technology Overview.high-pressure natural- gas pipelines: J. Loss Prevention inrisk assessments of CO 2 pipelines, in Elsevier, ed. , 9th

Mazzoldi, A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Effect of Magnetic Radiation on Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The deposition of paraffin wax during the pipeline transportation impedes the flow of crude oil and eventually blocks the pipelines. The hot oiling method is extensively used to control the wax deposition in the oil industry. Consequently, a huge amount ... Keywords: magnetic treatment, magnetic paraffin control technology, magnetic viscosity reducing, pipeline transportation, oil gathering

Zhang Weiwei; Zhang Guangyu; Dong Huijuan

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Scoping Study on the Safety Impact of Valve Spacing in Natural Gas Pipelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) is responsible for ensuring the safe, reliable, and environmentally sound operation of the nation's natural gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. Regulations adopted by PHMSA for gas pipelines are provided in 49 CFR 192, and spacing requirements for valves in gas transmission pipelines are presented in 49 CFR 192.179. The present report describes the findings of a scoping study conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to assist PHMSA in assessing the safety impact of system valve spacing. Calculations of the pressures, temperatures, and flow velocities during a set of representative pipe depressurization transients were carried out using a one-dimensional numerical model with either ideal gas or real gas properties for the fluid. With both ideal gas and real gas properties, the high-consequence area radius for any resulting fire as defined by Stevens in GRI-00/0189 was evaluated as one measure of the pipeline safety. In the real gas case, a model for convective heat transfer from the pipe wall is included to assess the potential for shut-off valve failures due to excessively low temperatures resulting from depressurization cooling of the pipe. A discussion is also provided of some additional factors by which system valve spacing could affect overall pipeline safety. The following conclusions can be drawn from this work: (1) Using an adaptation of the Stephens hazard radius criteria, valve spacing has a negligible influence on natural gas pipeline safety for the pipeline diameter, pressure range, and valve spacings considered in this study. (2) Over the first 30 s of the transient, pipeline pressure has a far greater effect on the hazard radius calculated with the Stephens criteria than any variations in the transient flow decay profile and the average discharge rate. (3) Other factors besides the Stephens criteria, such as the longer burn time for an accidental fire, greater period of danger to emergency personnel, increased unavoidable loss of gas, and possible depressurization cooling of the shut-off valves may also be important when deciding whether a change in the required valve spacing would be beneficial from a safety standpoint. (4) The average normalized discharge rate of {lambda}{sub avg} = 0.33 assumed by Stephens in developing his safety criteria is an excellent conservative value for natural gas discharge at the pressures, valve spacings, and pipe diameter used in this study. This conclusion remains valid even when real rather than ideal gas properties are considered in the analysis. (5) Significant pipe wall cooling effects (T{sub w} < -50 F or 228 K) can extend for a mile or more upstream from the rupture point within 30 s of a break. These conditions are colder than the temperature range specifications for many valve lubricants. The length of the low-temperature zone due to this cooling effect is also essentially independent of the system shut-off valve spacing or the distance between the break and a compressor station. (6) Having more redundant shut-off valves available would reduce the probability that pipe cooling effects could interfere with isolating the broken area following a pipeline rupture accident.

Sulfredge, Charles David [ORNL

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

percent increase in capacity additions (see percent increase in capacity additions (see Box, "Capacity Measures," p. 4). Indeed, less new natural gas pipeline mileage was added in 2005 than in any year during the past decade. 1 Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, August 2006 1 In 2005, at least 31 natural gas pipeline projects of varying profiles 2 were completed in the lower 48 States and the Gulf of Mexico (Figure 3, Table 1). Of these, 15 were expansions (increases in capacity) on existing natural gas pipelines while the other 16 were 9 system extensions or laterals associated with existing natural gas pipelines, 5 new natural gas pipeline systems, and 2 oil pipeline conversions. Expenditures for natural gas pipeline development amounted to less than $1.3

204

Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.21 0.20 0.20 1970's 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.27 0.29 0.54 0.58 0.83 0.98 1.11 1980's 1.78 2.12 2.56 3.07 2.88 2.97 2.73 2.68 2.53 2.17 1990's 2.06 2.29 2.44 1.97 1.88 1.66 2.63 2.68 2.27 2.48 2000's 3.12 3.94 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

205

Natural Gas Exports by Pipeline out of the U.S. Form | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exports by Pipeline out of the U.S. Form Natural Gas Exports by Pipeline out of the U.S. Form Excel Version of Natural Gas Exports by Pipeline out of the U.S. Form.xlsx PDF Version...

206

Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.17 0.17 0.17 1970's 0.18 0.19 0.21 0.22 0.27 0.49 0.72 1.00 1.31 1.53 1980's 2.17 2.58 2.78 2.78 2.81 2.62 2.71 2.57 2.24 1.75 1990's 1.75 1.79 1.89 1.86 1.78 1.45 1.97 2.44 1.98 1.66 2000's 3.89 3.86 NA -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Colorado Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

207

Kentucky Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.33 0.27 0.23 1970's 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.25 0.29 0.37 0.48 0.60 0.57 1.26 1980's 1.67 2.18 2.85 3.05 2.93 2.89 2.44 1.97 1.77 2.00 1990's 2.12 2.35 2.51 2.67 1.95 1.83 2.63 2.51 2.45 2.11 2000's 3.27 3.96 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Kentucky Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

208

Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.19 0.19 0.05 1970's 0.20 0.21 0.23 0.24 0.28 0.39 0.50 0.81 0.96 1.30 1980's 1.81 2.36 2.91 3.13 3.00 2.90 2.48 1.97 1.96 2.07 1990's 1.98 2.25 2.25 2.40 1.44 1.61 2.58 2.59 2.22 1.98 2000's 3.10 3.76 NA -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Louisiana Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

209

Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.12 0.11 0.11 1970's 0.11 0.12 0.17 0.21 0.23 0.42 0.46 0.73 0.83 1.16 1980's 1.29 1.90 2.87 3.00 3.04 2.51 2.28 1.86 1.65 1.57 1990's 1.75 1.76 1.63 2.15 1.53 1.16 1.44 1.77 1.72 2.12 2000's 2.96 2.48 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Montana Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

210

Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.15 0.15 0.15 1970's 0.17 0.17 0.19 0.22 0.28 0.36 0.44 0.64 0.75 1.29 1980's 1.62 2.22 2.86 3.16 2.83 2.79 2.22 1.49 1.79 1.50 1990's 1.65 1.26 1.25 1.68 1.28 1.19 1.80 2.20 1.90 2.08 2000's 3.61 3.96 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Arizona Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

211

Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.18 0.18 0.18 1970's 0.19 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.30 0.43 0.52 0.71 0.86 1.12 1980's 1.78 2.12 2.63 2.94 2.97 2.78 2.46 2.64 2.07 2.30 1990's 2.17 2.06 1.78 1.64 1.61 1.45 2.41 2.42 1.58 1.38 2000's 2.41 4.09 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Arkansas Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

212

Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.20 0.19 0.19 1970's 0.19 0.22 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.38 0.50 0.69 0.84 1.25 1980's 2.41 2.74 3.08 3.28 3.29 3.17 3.19 2.37 2.27 2.72 1990's 2.15 1.94 1.94 2.08 2.01 1.81 2.48 2.98 2.41 2.30 2000's 3.30 4.75 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Maryland Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

213

Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.27 0.27 0.27 1970's 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.35 0.46 0.56 0.71 0.98 1.67 1.60 1980's 2.98 3.73 3.63 3.86 3.95 3.54 2.95 2.64 2.39 2.03 1990's 1.86 0.50 0.57 0.26 0.20 0.54 1.04 0.95 0.69 0.78 2000's 1.32 1.76 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Michigan Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

214

Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.22 0.21 0.22 1970's 0.22 0.32 0.28 0.35 0.47 0.61 0.82 1.77 1.98 2.53 1980's 4.41 4.75 4.90 4.19 3.90 3.13 2.35 2.00 1.90 2.09 1990's 2.16 2.32 2.16 1.71 1.86 1.77 1.77 1.80 1.84 1.98 2000's 2.74 2.91 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Oregon Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

215

Missouri Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.20 0.20 0.20 1970's 0.21 0.23 0.25 0.26 0.29 0.39 0.48 0.80 0.87 1.20 1980's 1.71 2.12 2.81 3.04 2.92 2.86 2.61 2.41 2.78 1.94 1990's 1.77 2.05 2.31 2.01 0.91 1.19 2.34 2.43 2.02 2.14 2000's 2.48 4.86 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Missouri Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

216

Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.14 0.16 0.16 1970's 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.24 0.24 0.51 0.65 0.69 1.36 1.59 1980's 2.05 2.51 2.91 3.05 2.99 2.76 2.56 2.36 2.06 1.88 1990's 1.95 1.85 2.48 1.92 1.52 1.31 1.54 1.84 1.86 1.87 2000's 3.21 3.04 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Wyoming Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

217

Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.30 0.35 0.57 0.58 0.50 0.14 1980's 0.73 1.13 0.60 0.86 0.61 0.63 0.61 0.65 1.01 1.13 1990's 1.08 1.32 1.12 1.11 1.11 1.24 1.17 1.34 1.23 0.82 2000's 1.34 1.84 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Alaska Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

218

Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.19 0.19 0.19 1970's 0.20 0.22 0.23 0.25 0.28 0.32 0.36 0.67 0.90 1.35 1980's 2.10 2.78 3.11 3.22 3.26 3.23 3.32 2.50 2.41 2.69 1990's 2.19 2.08 2.08 2.24 2.14 1.93 2.62 3.09 2.48 2.18 2000's 3.30 4.57 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Georgia Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

219

Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.14 0.15 0.15 1970's 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.24 0.32 0.42 0.57 0.73 1.10 1980's 1.36 1.81 2.35 2.56 2.55 2.51 2.40 2.20 1.77 1.86 1990's 1.70 1.43 1.54 1.79 1.34 1.33 2.10 2.54 2.01 1.96 2000's 2.81 3.56 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Nebraska Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

220

Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.20 0.20 0.20 1970's 0.20 0.22 0.27 0.28 0.31 0.38 0.53 0.81 1.49 1.40 1980's 2.09 2.81 3.33 3.59 3.49 3.35 3.37 2.68 2.59 2.63 1990's 2.05 1.86 1.93 2.27 2.14 1.83 2.60 3.22 2.59 2.20 2000's 2.66 5.05 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Virginia Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.20 0.21 0.21 1970's 0.21 0.23 0.25 0.27 0.28 0.38 0.45 0.81 0.86 1.21 1980's 1.73 2.18 2.91 3.21 3.02 3.11 2.78 2.52 2.69 2.17 1990's 2.17 2.46 2.51 1.38 1.03 1.05 2.47 2.58 2.27 2.16 2000's 3.69 4.18 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Indiana Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

222

Natural Gas Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production and Its Transportation to Market  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production Processing: The Crucial Link Between Natural Gas Production and Its Transportation to Market Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, January 2006 1 The natural gas product fed into the mainline gas transportation system in the United States must meet specific quality measures in order for the pipeline grid to operate properly. Consequently, natural gas produced at the wellhead, which in most cases contains contaminants 1 and natural gas liquids, 2 must be processed, i.e., cleaned, before it can be safely delivered to the high-pressure, long-distance pipelines that transport the product to the consuming public. Natural gas that is not within certain specific gravities, pressures, Btu content range, or water content levels will

223

Planning of Pipeline Oil Transportation with Interface Restrictions is a Difficult Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planning of Pipeline Oil Transportation with Interface Restrictions is a Difficult Problem Ruy Luiz pipeline is the interface between adjacent products. Due to the resulting quality loss, some products are not allowed to be adjacent inside the pipeline. The S-PPI decision problem asks about the existence

Endler, Markus

224

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available November 27, 2013 - 3:13pm Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released its "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" report. The report is now available for downloading. In 2005-06, the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) conducted a study on the adequacy of interstate natural gas pipeline capacity serving the northeastern United States to meet natural gas demand in the event of a pipeline disruption. The study modeled gas demand for

225

6 - Pipeline Drying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reviews pipeline dewatering, cleaning, and drying. Dewatering can be a simple process or, if the procedure is not properly planned, a difficult one. Pipelines used to transport crude oil and/or refined products will probably only require removal of the test water before the line is placed in service. If the pipeline will be used to transport materials that must meet a specified dryness requirement, the pipeline will need to be dewatered, cleaned, and dried. Pipelines used to transport natural gas will need some drying, depending on the operating pressure and the location of the line, to prevent the formation of hydrates. Other pipelines may require drying to protect the pipe from internal corrosion caused by the formation of corrosive acids, such as carbonic acid in the case of carbon dioxide pipelines.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thad M. Adams Thad M. Adams Materials Technology Section Savannah River National Laboratory DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting January 5-6, 2005 Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Service Hydrogen Technology at the Savannah Hydrogen Technology at the Savannah River Site River Site * Tritium Production/Storage/Handling and Hydrogen Storage/Handling since 1955 - Designed, built and currently operate world's largest metal hydride based processing facility (RTF) - DOE lead site for tritium extraction/handling/separation/storage operations * Applied R&D provided by Savannah River National Laboratory - Largest hydrogen R&D staff in country * Recent Focus on Related National Energy Needs - Current major effort on hydrogen energy technology

227

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit U.S. Natural Gas Exports to...

228

Microsoft Word - 2012-01-27 JAD Natural Gas Pipeline.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Selected to Study Environmental Impacts of Energy Department's Natural Gas Pipeline Project RICHLAND, Wash. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has selected JAD...

229

Local collapse of gas pipelines under sleeve repairs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Local collapse of the pipe wall under full encirclement sleeve reinforcements is associated with breaks and blow outs that cause large gas losses and abrupt depressurisation in gas pipelines. Although these defects do not represent an imminent risk of failure, they should be eliminated because they impede the normal passage of the “instrumented pig” for internal inspection. Four failed repairs were experimentally evaluated, and the effects of different geometric factors were numerically assessed via non-linear numerical modelling of fluid flow and pipe response. All possible causes of the appearance of these defects and measures to minimise their occurrence were evaluated. The position of the repaired portion with respect to the blow out, local geometry of the repair and previous defects, and the amount of gas caught in the interstice between the pipe and the reinforcement, have an important part in the event. The measures for the prevention of this problem involve the use of fillers and improved construction of repair sleeves.

J.L Otegui; S Urquiza; A Rivas; A Trunzo

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.22 0.21 0.22 1970's 0.22 0.24 0.28 0.33 0.44 0.65 0.78 1.67 1.92 2.38 1980's 3.92 4.34 4.72 3.98 3.72 3.12 2.52 2.11 1.99 2.06 1990's 2.04 1.98 1.89 1.37 1.84 1.78 1.77 1.89 1.76 2.03 2000's 3.07 2.82 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Washington Natural Gas Prices

231

Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.19 0.20 0.19 1970's 0.20 0.21 0.23 0.24 0.28 0.36 0.46 0.73 0.88 1.28 1980's 1.75 2.34 2.91 3.06 2.94 2.92 2.44 1.99 1.87 2.09 1990's 2.11 2.33 2.34 2.37 1.98 1.82 2.63 2.62 2.33 2.19 2000's 3.37 4.28 NA -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Mississippi Natural Gas Prices

232

Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.26 0.22 0.22 1970's 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.28 0.33 0.55 0.60 1.24 1.28 2.20 1980's 1.26 4.27 4.43 4.14 3.99 3.45 2.68 2.19 1.81 1.77 1990's 1.89 0.56 0.61 0.47 0.47 0.37 0.68 0.63 0.54 0.82 2000's 1.50 1.40 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Minnesota Natural Gas Prices

233

Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.35 0.68 0.30 1970's 0.32 0.32 0.35 0.40 0.50 0.58 0.59 1.50 2.60 2.53 1980's 2.76 2.94 3.53 3.30 3.18 3.71 2.53 2.52 2.13 2.97 1990's 3.68 3.08 2.95 3.53 2.62 2.20 3.50 1.54 3.00 0.59 2000's 4.82 4.93 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Connecticut Natural Gas Prices

234

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.25 0.24 0.24 1970's 0.25 0.29 0.31 0.32 0.40 0.54 0.60 0.92 0.94 1.42 1980's 1.89 2.34 3.02 3.20 3.09 3.06 2.63 2.38 2.36 2.35 1990's 2.57 2.41 2.41 2.83 2.47 2.00 2.71 2.72 2.08 1.97 2000's 3.59 4.76 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices

235

Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.20 0.20 0.20 1970's 0.20 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.28 0.36 0.49 0.73 0.89 1.26 1980's 1.73 2.25 2.96 3.19 2.94 3.01 2.29 1.85 1.78 1.97 1990's 1.94 2.61 2.44 2.23 1.88 1.59 2.57 2.52 2.17 2.04 2000's 3.44 4.13 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Tennessee Natural Gas Prices

236

Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products 1 Ruy Luiz Milidi'u  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products 1 Ruy Luiz Milidi'u milidiu@inf.puc­rio.br Artur, 2000 Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a new model for pipeline transportation of petroleum products. We use a directed graph with arcs representing pipes and nodes representing locations. Moreover

Endler, Markus

237

Online Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products with no Due Dates 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On­line Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products with no Due Dates 1 Ruy Luiz Milidi'u milidiu, 2001 Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a new model for pipeline transportation of petroleum products without due dates. We use a directed multigraph G where arcs represent pipes and nodes represent

Endler, Markus

238

Leakage Risk Assessment of CO{sub 2} Transportation by Pipeline at the Illinois Basin Decatur Project, Decatur, Illinois  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Illinois Basin Decatur Project (IBDP) is designed to confirm the ability of the Mt. Simon Sandstone, a major regional saline-water-bearing formation in the Illinois Basin, to store 1 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injected over a period of three years. The CO{sub 2} will be provided by Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) from its Decatur, Illinois, ethanol plant. In order to transport CO{sub 2} from the capture facility to the injection well (also located within the ADM plant boundaries), a high-pressure pipeline of length 3,200 ft (975 m) has been constructed, running above the ground surface within the ADM plant footprint. We have qualitatively evaluated risks associated with possible pipeline failure scenarios that lead to discharge of CO{sub 2} within the real-world environment of the ADM plant in which there are often workers and visitors in the vicinity of the pipeline. There are several aspects of CO{sub 2} that make its transportation and potential leakage somewhat different from other substances, most notable is its non-flammability and propensity to change to solid (dry ice) upon strong decompression. In this study, we present numerical simulations using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods of the release and dispersion of CO{sub 2} from individual hypothetical pipeline failures (i.e., leaks). Failure frequency of the various components of a pipeline transportation system over time are taken from prior work on general pipeline safety and leakage modeling and suggest a 4.65% chance of some kind of pipeline failure over the three-years of operation. Following the Precautionary Principle (see below), we accounted for full-bore leakage scenarios, where the temporal evolution of the mass release rate from the high-pressure pipeline leak locations was simulated using a state-of-the-art Pipe model which considers the thermodynamic effects of decompression in the entire pipeline. Failures have been simulated at four representative locations along the pipeline route within the ADM plant. Leakage scenarios at sites along the route of the pipeline, where plant operations (e.g., vehicular and train transportation) seem to present a higher likelihood of accidental failure, for example due to vehicles or equipment crashing into the pipeline and completely severing it, were modeled by allowing them to have a double source consistent with the pipeline releasing high-pressure CO{sub 2} from both ends of the broken pipe after a full-bore offset rupture. Simulation results show that the built environment of the plant plays a significant role in the dispersion of the gas as leaking CO{sub 2} can impinge upon buildings and other infrastructure. In all scenarios simulated, the region of very high-concentration of CO{sub 2} is limited to a small area around the pipeline failure, suggesting the likelihood of widespread harmful CO{sub 2} exposure to plant personnel from pipeline leakage is low. An additional risk is posed by the blast wave that emanates from a high-pressure pipeline when it is breached quickly. We estimate the blast wave risk as low because it occurs only for a short time in the immediate vicinity of the rupture, and requires an instantaneous large-scale rupture to occur. We recommend consideration of signage and guard rails and posts to mitigate the likelihood of vehicles crashing into the pipeline. A standardized emergency response plan applicable to capture plants within industrial sites could be developed based on the IBDP that would be useful for other capture plants. Finally, we recommend carrying out coupled wellbore-reservoir blowout scenario modeling to understand the potential for hazardous conditions arising from an unexpected blowout at the wellhead.

Mazzoldi, A.; Oldenburg, C.M.

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

239

Transportation Fuel Basics - Natural Gas | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transportation Fuel Basics - Natural Gas Transportation Fuel Basics - Natural Gas Transportation Fuel Basics - Natural Gas July 30, 2013 - 4:40pm Addthis Only about one tenth of one percent of all of the natural gas in the United States is currently used for transportation fuel. About one third of the natural gas used in the United States goes to residential and commercial uses, one third to industrial uses, and one third to electric power production. Natural gas has a high octane rating and excellent properties for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It is nontoxic, non-corrosive, and non-carcinogenic. It presents no threat to soil, surface water, or groundwater. Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons, predominantly methane (CH4). As delivered through the nation's pipeline system, it also contains

240

Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission The Pennsylvania legislature has empowered the Public Utility Commission to direct and enforce safety standards for pipeline facilities and to regulate safety practices of certificated utilities engaged in the transportation of natural gas and other gas by pipeline. The Commission is authorized to enforce federal safety standards as an agent for the U.S. Department of Transportation's Office of Pipeline Safety. The safety standards apply to the design, installation, operation,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EIS-0467: Hanford Site Natural Gas Pipeline, Richland, WA | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7: Hanford Site Natural Gas Pipeline, Richland, WA 7: Hanford Site Natural Gas Pipeline, Richland, WA EIS-0467: Hanford Site Natural Gas Pipeline, Richland, WA Summary This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to enter into a contract with a licensed natural gas supplier in Washington State to construct, operate, and maintain a natural gas pipeline. The pipeline would deliver natural gas to support the Waste Treatment Plant and the 242-A Evaporator operations in the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. For more information, contact: Mr. Douglas Chapin, NEPA Document Manager U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P.O. Box 550, MSIN A5-11 Richland, WA 99352 Documents Available for Download January 23, 2012 EIS-0467: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and

242

EMAT based inspection of natural gas pipelines for SSC cracks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EMAT-Based Inspection of Natural Gas EMAT-Based Inspection of Natural Gas Pipelines for Stress Corrosion Cracks FY2004 Report Venugopal K. Varma, Raymond W. Tucker, Jr., and Austin P. Albright Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 1 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

243

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

natural gas production output. Rigs Natural Gas Transportation Update Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company yesterday (August 4) said it is mobilizing equipment and manpower for...

244

Slurry Retrieval, Pipeline Transport & Plugging and Mixing Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gary L. Smith - Office of Waste Processing (EM-21) Slurry Retrieval, Pipeline Transport & Plugging and Mixing Workshop 1 Dr. Gary L. Smith - Office of Waste Processing (EM-21) Dr. Adam P. Poloski - PNNL Michael W. Rinker - PNNL Rick Demmer - INL Dr. Arthur W. Etchells III - Consultant Benjamin E. Lewis, Jr. - ORNL Sharon L. Marra - SRNL November 6, 2008 PNNL-SA-63183 Slurry Handling Workshop  Background: A critical responsibility of DOE's Office of Environmental Management is the design, construction, and operation of equipment and facilities to process legacy radioactive waste slurries for safe, long-term disposal.  Goal: DOE Office of Engineering and Technology, Office of Environmental Management sponsored a slurry handling workshop.  Identify technical vulnerabilities and to reduce risk.  Understand and disseminate lessons learned and best practices

245

,"U.S. Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems" Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Intratstate Natural Gas Pipelines By Region",1,"Periodic",2007 ,"Release Date:","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"Next Release Date:","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"Excel File Name:","PipeIntra.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/analysis_publications/ngpipeline/intrastate.html" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

246

Pipeline Annual Data - 1997 Gas Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 Gas Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) 7 Gas Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) Energy Data Apps Maps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Energy Beta You are here Data.gov » Communities » Energy » Data Pipeline Annual Data - 1997 Gas Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) Dataset Summary Description Pipeline operators (for gas distribution, gas transmission, and hazardous liquid pipelines) are required to submit an annual report to the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration's Office of Pipeline Safety. The report includes information about the operator, a description of their system (main, services), leaks eliminated/repaired during the year, excavation damage, excess flow valves, and other information. Beginning in 2010, the form also includes information regarding integrity management programs.

247

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Date: 12312014 Next Release Date: 1302015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit U.S. LNG Imports from...

248

Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Date: 10312014 Next Release Date: 11282014 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry U.S. LNG Imports...

249

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

applied repair procedures have been investigated to determine if they can be used for pipeline repair under hydrogen service. The focus was on the pipeline load and the effect...

250

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2007  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, July 2008 1 U.S. natural gas pipeline construction activity accelerated in 2007 with capacity additions to the grid totaling nearly 14.9 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of daily deliverability (Figure 1). These additions were the largest of any year in the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 10-year database of pipeline construction activity. The increased level of natural gas pipeline construction activity in 2007 conformed to a growth trend that began slowly in 2005 and intensified in 2006. In 2007, about 1,700 miles of pipeline were installed, which was greater than in any year since 2003 (Figure 2). The expansion cycle for natural gas pipeline construction is occurring at the same time as the development of the

251

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, July 2008 1 U.S. natural gas pipeline construction activity accelerated in 2007 with capacity additions to the grid totaling nearly 14.9 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of daily deliverability (Figure 1). These additions were the largest of any year in the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 10-year database of pipeline construction activity. The increased level of natural gas pipeline construction activity in 2007 conformed to a growth trend that began slowly in 2005 and intensified in 2006. In 2007, about 1,700 miles of pipeline were installed, which was greater than in any year since 2003 (Figure 2). The expansion cycle for natural gas pipeline construction is occurring at the same time as the development of the

252

Reauthorization of pipeline safety. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Surface Transportation of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, March 28, 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hearing to review the Department of Transportation's program of pipeline safety and budget request for fiscal year 1986 of nearly $9.5 million also examined pay adjustments to make up for the freeze on spending. A Department spokesman outlined the pipeline safety program's activities in regulatory research to prevent failures, personnel training for inspection and enforcement, and information dissemination to those involved in pipeline transportation. There was also testimony by members of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners pointing out the need for adequate funding if the states are to enforce federal safety standards. Representatives of the trade association for interstate gas pipelines noted a downward trend in pipeline failures and a consistency in the proportion of damage caused by third parties. Additional material and correspondence submitted for the record follows the testimony of the witnesses.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Pipeline Annual Data - 1996 Gas Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) Energy Data Apps Maps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Energy Beta You are here Data.gov » Communities » Energy » Data Pipeline Annual Data - 1996 Gas Distribution Annuals Data (Zip) Dataset Summary Description Pipeline operators (for gas distribution, gas transmission, and hazardous liquid pipelines) are required to submit an annual report to the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration's Office of Pipeline Safety. The report includes information about the operator, a description of their system (main, services), leaks eliminated/repaired during the year, excavation damage, excess flow valves, and other information. Beginning in 2010, the form also includes information regarding integrity management programs.

254

Transportation Fuel Basics - Natural Gas | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Natural Gas Transportation Fuel Basics - Natural Gas July 30, 2013 - 4:40pm Addthis Only about one tenth of one percent of all of the natural gas in the United States is currently used for transportation fuel. About one third of the natural gas used in the United States goes to residential and commercial uses, one third to industrial uses, and one third to electric power production. Natural gas has a high octane rating and excellent properties for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It is nontoxic, non-corrosive, and non-carcinogenic. It presents no threat to soil, surface water, or groundwater. Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons, predominantly methane (CH4). As delivered through the nation's pipeline system, it also contains hydrocarbons such as ethane and propane and other gases such as nitrogen,

255

Cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration by work-expanding pipeline gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process for the cogeneration of electricity and commercially saleable refrigeration by expanding pressurized pipeline gas with the performance of work is described which comprises: injecting methanol into the pipeline gas; passing the pipeline gas containing the methanol through a turbo-expander coupled to an electrical generator to reduce the pressure of the pipeline gas at least 100 psi but not reducing the pressure enough to drop the temperature of the resulting cold expanded gas below about - 100/sup 0/F; separating aqueous methanol condensate from the cold expanded gas and introducing the condensate into a distillation column for separation into discard water and recycle methanol for injection into the pipeline gas; recovering the saleable refrigeration from the cold expanded gas; adding reboiler heat to the distillation column in an amount required to warm the expanded gas after the recovery of the saleable refrigeration therefrom to a predetermined temperature above 32/sup 0/F; and passing the expanded gas after the recovery of the saleable refrigeration therefrom in heat exchange with methanol vapor rising to the top of the distillation column to condense the methanol vapor so that liquid methanol is obtained partly for reflux in the distillation column and partly for the recycle methanol and simultaneously the expanded gas is warmed to the predetermined temperature above 32/sup 0/F.

Markbreiter, S.J.; Dessanti, D.J.

1987-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

256

Optimization Online - Optimal structure of gas transmission trunklines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 7, 2009 ... Suppose a gas pipeline is to be designed to transport a specified ... the number of compressor stations, the lengths of pipeline segments ...

J. Frédéric Bonnans

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

,"Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","72014" ,"Release...

258

,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

586-8800",,,"9262014 4:20:00 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9102US3" "Date","U.S....

259

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 76,386 65,770...

260

,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

586-8800",,,"9262014 4:19:59 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9102US3" "Date","U.S....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A preliminary investigation of the effects of environmentally assisted cracking on natural gas transmission pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concepts for the development of a model to predict natural gas transmission pipeline lifetime in a corrosive environment are constructed. Primarily, the effects of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) are explored. Tensile test specimens from a...

Curbo, Jason Wayne

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

262

Resilience-Based design of Natural Gas Pipelines G. P. Cimellaro, O. Villa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resilience-Based design of Natural Gas Pipelines G. P. Cimellaro, O. Villa Department of Structural systems. No models are available in literature to measure the performance of natural gas network of natural or manmade hazard which might lead to the disruption of the system. The gas distribution network

Bruneau, Michel

263

FRICTION FACTOR IN HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES FROM ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRICTION FACTOR IN HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES FROM ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENTS DETERMINATION DU and Technology, Norway ABSTRACT Pressure drop experiments on natural gas flow at 80 to 120 bar pressure and high of natural gas at typical operating pressures (100-180 bar). At such Reynolds numbers the classical Colebrook

Gudmundsson, Jon Steinar

264

AbstractThe Kern River Gas Transmission pipeline was con-structed in 1991 to supply natural gas to be used in the thermally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

94 Abstract­The Kern River Gas Transmission pipeline was con- structed in 1991 to supply natural plants were found in the 11 seeded plots. The Kern River Gas Transmission pipeline (KRGT) was constructed California. The pipeline route extended from a point near Opal, Wyoming, through Utah and Nevada to Daggett

265

Special Provisions Affecting Gas, Water, or Pipeline Companies (South Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This legislation confers the rights and privileges of telegraph and telephone companies (S.C. Code 58-9) on pipeline and water companies, and contains several additional provisions pertaining to...

266

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation by 04-Adams to DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting held January 5-6, 2005 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

267

EIA - Natural Gas Imports & Exports/Pipelines Data & Analysis  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports & Exports / Pipelines Imports & Exports / Pipelines U.S. Imports by Country Prices and volumes (monthly, annual). U.S. Exports by Country Prices and volumes (monthly, annual). U.S. Imports & Exports by State Prices and volumes (annual). U.S. Imports by Point of Entry Prices and volumes (annual). U.S. Exports by Point of Exit Prices and volumes (annual). International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas Includes International and Interstate receipts, deliveries and net reciepts by State (annual). Natural Gas Weekly Update Analysis of current price, supply, and storage data; and a weather snapshot. Natural Gas Monthly U.S. production, supply, consumption, disposition, storage, imports, exports, and prices. Natural Gas Basics Analysis of Natural Gas Imports/Exports & Pipelines

268

Electrochemical noise sensors for detection of localized and general corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory funded a Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability program directed at increasing and enhancing research and development activities in topics such as remote leak detection, pipe inspection, and repair technologies and materials. The Albany Research Center (ARC), U.S. Department of Energy was funded to study the use of electrochemical noise sensors for detection of localized and general corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines. As part of this, ARC entered into a collaborative effort with the corrosion sensor industry to demonstrate the capabilities of commercially available remote corrosion sensors for use with the Nation's Gas Transmission Pipeline Infrastructure needs. The goal of the research was to develop an emerging corrosion sensor technology into a monitor for the type and degree of corrosion occurring at key locations in gas transmission pipelines.

Holcomb, Gordon R.; Bullard, Sophie J.; Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Russell, James H.; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting These regulations provide standards for gas and liquid pipeline maintenance and operating procedures, per the Federal Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Acts, and give the commissioner of public safety the

270

Sulfide stress cracking of a pipeline weld in sour gas service  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A replacement girth weld in a wet, sour gas gathering pipeline failed within 72 hours of start of operation. This paper describes the investigation of this unusual failure, indicates probable causes, and outlines potential changes in repair/replacement practices for wet, sour gas lines.

Szklarz, K.E.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

27,220 43,980 44,275 43,690 50,347 50,439 1996-2013 Pipeline Prices 8.37 4.01 4.69 4.26 3.10 4.04...

272

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

8,756 14,925 22,198 41,964 42,866 35,273 1996-2013 Pipeline Prices 7.48 4.85 4.87 4.48 3.18 3.98 1996...

273

Pipelines (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pipelines (Minnesota) Pipelines (Minnesota) Pipelines (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This section regulates pipelines that are used to carry natural or synthetic gas at a pressure of more than 90 pounds per square inch, along with pipelines used to carry petroleum products and coal. Special rules apply to pipelines used to carry natural gas at a pressure of more than 125

274

,"Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)" Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Galvan Ranch, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","nga_epg0_irp_ygrt-nmx_mmcfa.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/nga_epg0_irp_ygrt-nmx_mmcfa.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

275

AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSNG OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. The scope of the work involved designing and developing an airborne, optical remote sensor capable of sensing methane and, if possible, ethane for the detection of natural gas pipeline leaks. Flight testing using a custom dual wavelength, high power fiber amplifier was initiated in February 2005. Ophir successfully demonstrated the airborne system, showing that it was capable of discerning small amounts of methane from a simulated pipeline leak. Leak rates as low as 150 standard cubic feet per hour (scf/h) were detected by the airborne sensor.

Jerry Myers

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

277

Pipeline Safety (South Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The South Dakota Pipeline Safety Program, administered by the Public Utilities Commission, is responsible for regulating hazardous gas intrastate pipelines. Relevant legislation and regulations...

278

DC stray current mitigation for natural gas pipeline adjacent to aluminum manufacturing facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of aluminum can produce large dynamic stray currents in the earth surrounding the production plant. When coated pipelines that are not grounded pass through the dynamic stray current area, they can realize failures at accelerated rates, even with traditional cathodic protection systems in operation. This article tracks a coated 20-in. (51-cm) natural gas pipeline installed near an aluminum production facility and the stray current mitigation design installed to overcome the accelerated failure problem. Other types of stray current mitigation have been attempted in this same area without similar success.

Maxwell, J.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.20 0.20 0.21 1970's 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.51 0.77 0.90 1.32 1980's 1.85 2.39 2.97 3.15 3.04 2.92 2.52 2.17 2.10 2.01 1990's 1.95 1.87 2.07 1.97 1.70 1.49 2.27 2.29 2.01 1.88 2000's 2.97 3.55 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use U.S. Natural Gas Prices

280

Iowa Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.17 0.16 0.17 1970's 0.17 0.19 0.20 0.22 0.26 0.34 0.52 0.73 0.99 1.17 1980's 1.55 1.89 2.50 2.73 2.71 2.83 2.57 2.75 2.01 2.02 1990's 1.52 1.54 1.71 1.25 1.39 1.40 2.37 2.46 2.06 2.16 2000's 3.17 3.60 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Iowa Natural Gas Prices

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Pipeline transportation of high pour point New Zealand crude using pour point depressants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Corporation of New Zealand Limited discovered New Zealand's first major oil field in 1980. Production is currently 1590 m/sup 3//d (10,000 bpd), which represents about 14% of the country's requirements. The crude has a high pour point (32/sup 0/C) and a high wax level (35%). A major factor in development of the field was the selection of appropriate technology to overcome transportation problems via a 40 km pipeline from the process plant to port storage with ground temperatures of 11/sup 0/C (52/sup 0/F). Technical and economic considerations resulted in the selection of a chemical pour point depressant rather than thermal cracking, dilution with condensate, or maintaining the crude oil temperature above its pour point. Selection of a suitable pour point depressant was made using laboratory studies done by various prospective suppliers. Product performance was based on pour point and yield value for the crude using a simple simulation of pipeline cooling. The paper discusses how the adoption of pour point depressant technology, in conjunction with pipeline design, has resulted in an essentially trouble-free system which enables the crude to be successfully transported by pipeline.

Slater, G.; Davis, A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Development of fiberglass composite systems for natural gas pipeline service. Final report, January 1987-March 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiberglass composites suitable for use in the repair and reinforcement of natural gas transmission line pipe were developed and evaluated. Three types of composite systems were studied: (1) a nonintrusive system for on-line field of corrosion and mechanical damage, (2) line pipe reinforced with filament wound composite, and (3) low-cost systems suitable for over-the-ditch rehabilitation of long pipeline sections. Effort during this program concentrated on the first two areas. A unique fiberglass/polyester device, called Clock Spring, was developed and successfully tested both as a means of terminating rapidly propagating cracks and for on-line repair of metal loss defects. Composite reinforced pipe was produced and hydrotested, and subsequently installed in an operating pipeline to evaluate its long-term behavior in pipeline service.

Fawley, N.C.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Energy saving in the process of gas pipeline overhaul.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The problem of energy saving during overhaul of a linear part of gas trunkline is regarded in this paper. This issue has been analyzed… (more)

Mitrokhin, Alexey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Full scale experimental analysis of stress states in sleeve repairs of gas pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study discusses the experimental determination of stress states in sleeve repairs of underground gas pipelines. Work was done to define the effects of the reduction of pressure during welding, the load and place of positioning clamps, the length of the repair sleeve, and the use of O'ring-based devices to prevent gas leakage. Tests were carried out in reinforcements, welded with internal pressure equal to 60, 80 and 100% of the service pressure. High stresses were generated in tests carried out with short sleeves and O'rings, and occurred once the sleeve was fully welded and the pipeline pressure re-established. Maximum stresses, up to 270 MPa, were generated after about 1 min following closing of venting valves, on tests with artificial gas leaks. From the results of these experimental studies, it is concluded that several operative aspects could be optimised, to minimise the stresses in the reinforcements and to reduce the risk of failures.

M.D Chapetti; J.L Otegui; C Manfredi; C.F Martins

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Table 1: Points of Entry/Exit and Transporters | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Transporters More Documents & Publications In-Transit Natural Gas Form Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form Natural Gas Exports by Pipeline out of the U.S. Form...

286

Phorgotten phenomena: Verifying electrical CP contacts on gas distribution pipelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Federal and state regulations mandate that gas companies must maintain cathodic protection (CP) throughout distribution systems to protect against corrosion. From time to time, underground contacts occur. Any contact of metal lines depletes CP potentials. Finding and clearing these contacts is time-consuming and costly. Some gas companies report that only one in 10 of these underground contacts are found. The paper describes a method that has maintained a 98% efficiency in clearing underground contacts for the past 10 years for Cascade Natural Gas.

Maxwell, J.L. [Cascade Natural Gas Corp., Seattle, WA (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

New York Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New York Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.26 0.23 0.25 1970's 0.23 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.31 0.39 0.54 0.85 1.07 1.44 1980's 1.95 2.41 3.15 3.44 3.23 3.15 2.53 2.47 2.33 2.64 1990's 2.59 2.71 2.86 3.15 2.21 1.52 2.23 1.89 1.38 1.31 2000's 2.25 2.94 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use New York Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

288

Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.16 0.17 0.17 1970's 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.28 0.37 0.51 0.68 0.73 1.19 1980's 1.56 2.24 3.09 3.11 2.98 2.80 2.18 2.01 1.98 1.81 1990's 1.74 1.62 1.66 1.82 1.64 1.64 2.40 2.36 2.02 1.99 2000's 2.99 3.13 NA -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Texas Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

289

Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.22 0.23 0.23 1970's 0.23 0.27 0.28 0.30 0.32 0.43 0.53 0.87 1.01 1.37 1980's 1.92 2.33 3.04 3.42 3.28 3.28 2.79 2.64 2.43 2.54 1990's 2.61 2.66 2.83 2.53 2.50 2.03 2.88 2.80 3.20 2.63 2000's 3.41 5.18 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Ohio Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

290

Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.21 0.21 0.22 1970's 0.22 0.24 0.28 0.34 0.44 0.60 0.72 1.65 1.95 2.45 1980's 3.93 3.95 4.19 3.69 3.55 3.15 2.67 2.08 2.00 2.05 1990's 2.06 1.99 1.89 1.76 1.86 1.78 1.79 1.83 1.67 2.04 2000's 3.52 3.49 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Idaho Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

291

Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.21 0.21 0.21 1970's 0.21 0.22 0.28 0.29 0.34 0.54 0.67 1.40 1.72 1.88 1980's 2.94 3.17 2.67 2.94 2.99 3.19 2.93 2.66 2.84 2.18 1990's 2.25 2.51 2.25 1.91 1.94 1.57 1.68 2.20 2.05 1.92 2000's 3.19 2.97 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Utah Natural Gas Prices Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use

292

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Blending Hydrogen into Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues M. W. Melaina, O. Antonia, and M. Penev Technical Report NREL/TP-5600-51995 March 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues M. W. Melaina, O. Antonia, and M. Penev Prepared under Task No. HT12.2010 Technical Report NREL/TP-5600-51995 March 2013 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

293

STEADY STATE FLOW STUDIES OF SECTIONS IN NATURAL GAS PIPELINE NETWORKS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Efficient transportation of natural gas is vital to the success of the economy of the US and the world, because of the various uses of… (more)

Ken-Worgu, Kenneth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

295

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

projects have been proposed to import natural gas from neighboring countries. Natural Gas Transportation Update Northwest Pipeline Company on Wednesday, August 25, said it will...

296

Influence of old rectangular repair patches on the burst pressure of a gas pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seven full scale hydrostatic burst tests were carried out on pipes extracted from an API 5LX52 gas pipeline that contained rectangular and elliptical fillet welded patches and other repairs of different geometries. All breaks took place after widespread yielding. This analysis shows that the patches that generate greater risks are those that: (1) were attached to the pipeline at very low pressure, (2) were placed to repair large defects, (3) are rectangular, long in the direction of the pipe, and narrow, (4) the quality of the weld is doubtful. Based on data reported by In Line Inspection (ILI), of the four conditions mentioned above, only the third can be assessed in order to quantify risks and to schedule replacements.

Pablo Gabriel Fazzini; José Luis Otegui

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Influence of multiple sleeve repairs on the structural integrity of gas pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the structural integrity of gas pipelines with multiple full-encirclement weld repairs. The scope of the work is to identify and quantify the effects of the number and type of repairs, the distance between them, and the pressurization of the pipe to sleeve gap on the mechanical behaviour of the component. The study includes full-scale experimental testing and finite element modelling. Burst tests were carried out in tracts of pipelines removed from service, including various geometric configurations with and without circumferential girth welds. It is concluded that the reliability of the repairs is strongly influenced by the construction procedures and that interaction effects between successive repairs are not appreciable if the repairs are more than a half pipe diameter apart.

J.L Otegui; A Cisilino; A.E Rivas; M Chapetti; G Soula

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

PIPELINE INVENTORIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inventory that are in the transportation network, the distribution system, and intermediate stocking points are called . The higher the time for the materials to move through the pipeline the larger the pipel...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Pipeline Safety Our goal is to provide standard test methods and critical data to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pipeline Safety METALS Our goal is to provide standard test methods and critical data to the pipeline industry to improve safety and reliability. Of particular interest is the testing of high-strength pipeline steels, which could enable higher volume gas transport and reduce energy costs. However

300

Pipeline Safety Our goal is to provide standard test methods and critical data to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pipeline Safety METALS Our goal is to provide standard test methods and critical data to the pipeline industry to improve safety and reliability. Of particular interest is the testing of high strength pipeline steels, which could enable higher volume gas transport and reduce energy costs. However

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

EIS-0152: Iroquois, Tenn. Phase I, Pipeline Line Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission prepared this statement to asses the environmental impacts of constructing and operating an interstate natural gas pipeline and associated infrastructure to transport gas from Canada and domestic sources to the New England Market, as proposed by the Iroquois Gas Transmission System and the Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy was a cooperating agency during statement development and adopted the statement on 9/1/1990.

302

Transport coefficients of a hot pion gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General expressions for transport coefficients of a single-component gas (namely, thermal conductivity and shear and bulk viscosities) of bosons are derived from a Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport equation by means of the Chapman-Enskog method to first order. These expressions are then used for the calculation of the associated transport relaxation times and applied to the pion gas produced in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. The influence of Bose enhancement factors on transport properties can be seen by comparison with previous calculations. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

D. Davesne

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.73 0.33 0.39 1970's 0.33 0.38 0.38 0.42 0.41 0.55 0.75 1.67 2.08 2.06 1980's 2.92 4.74 4.53 4.74 4.05 4.53 3.55 2.87 2.20 4.19 1990's 3.74 3.41 2.94 3.31 2.69 2.21 3.35 3.15 3.00 2.53 2000's 4.67 5.20 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices

304

North Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.27 0.17 0.17 1970's 0.20 0.20 0.25 0.29 0.31 0.51 0.57 0.75 0.95 1.55 1980's 1.81 2.34 4.11 3.80 3.42 2.77 2.56 2.40 2.49 2.03 1990's 1.61 1.35 1.28 1.84 1.34 1.01 1.70 2.07 1.77 2.12 2000's 3.62 2.14 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use North Dakota Natural Gas Prices

305

South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.24 0.22 0.20 1970's 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.33 0.31 0.50 0.55 0.63 0.78 1.20 1980's 1.71 2.20 2.91 3.31 3.32 3.46 2.69 2.17 2.05 1.91 1990's 2.13 1.42 1.22 1.80 1.36 1.03 1.75 2.13 1.68 2.12 2000's 3.76 3.28 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use South Dakota Natural Gas Prices

306

West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.34 0.33 1970's 0.32 0.33 0.38 0.39 0.45 0.59 0.69 1.12 1.29 0.85 1980's 2.24 2.62 3.35 3.75 3.71 3.85 3.44 2.85 2.89 2.97 1990's 2.86 2.49 2.93 3.57 3.54 1.87 3.19 2.97 2.69 2.54 2000's 3.70 5.42 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use West Virginia Natural Gas Prices

307

New Mexico Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.16 0.15 0.15 1970's 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.30 0.39 0.41 0.68 0.79 1.36 1980's 1.78 2.25 2.80 3.10 3.24 2.86 2.31 1.66 1.70 1.63 1990's 1.67 1.36 1.31 1.79 1.61 1.13 1.59 1.94 1.89 1.03 2000's 1.80 1.74 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use New Mexico Natural Gas Prices

308

New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.25 0.21 0.21 1970's 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.33 0.41 0.63 0.85 1.29 1980's 1.96 2.75 3.07 3.37 3.68 3.40 2.94 2.53 2.73 2.74 1990's 2.62 2.48 2.62 2.93 2.66 2.59 3.15 3.11 2.93 1.79 2000's 4.00 4.74 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use New Jersey Natural Gas Prices

309

Design and demonstration of an analysis Information system for magnetic flux leakage inspection of natural gas pipeline. Final letter report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A staff exchange was conducted for the mutual benefit of the Department of Energy, the Gas Research Institute (GRI), Vetco Pipeline Services Inc. (VPSI), and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. This staff exchange provided direct exposure by a Laboratory staff member knowledgeable in inspection, integrity assessment, and robotic capabilities of the Laboratory to the needs of the natural gas pipeline industry. The project included an assignment to the GRI Pipeline Simulation Facility (PSF) during the period preceding the commissioning of the flow loop. GRI is interested in exploiting advanced technology at the National Laboratories. To provide a sense of the market impact, it is estimated that $3 billion was spent in 1993 for the repair, renovation, and replacement of distribution piping. GRI has goals of saving the distribution industry $500 million in Operations and Maintenance costs and having an additional $250M savings impact on transmission pipelines. The objectives of the project included: (1) For PNNL staff to present technology to GRI and PSF staff on non- destructive evaluation, robotics, ground penetrating radar, and risk based inspection guidelines for application to the operation and maintenance of natural gas pipelines. (2) For GRI and PSF staff to discuss with PNNL staff opportunities for improving the industrial competitiveness of operation and maintenance services. (3) To explore the basis for partnership with GRI and PSF staff on technology transfer topics. In this project, staff exchanges were conducted to GRI`s Pipeline Simulation Facility and to VPSI. PNNL . staff had access to the $10M GRI Pipeline Simulation Facility (PSF) at West Jefferson, Ohio. The facility has a 4,700-ft. long pipe loop, an NDE laboratory, and a data analysis laboratory. PNNL staff had access to the VPSI`s facility in Houston, TX. VPSI has developed some of the most sophisticated inspection tools currently used in the pipeline inspection industry.

Schuster, G.J.; Saffell, B.A.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Regulation changes create opportunities for pipeline manufacturers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Transportation`s (DOT) Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) is proposing to change its safety standards for the repair of corroded or damaged steel pipe in gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. For pipeline operators, the expected revisions will allow new flexibility in approaches to pipeline repair. Less costly and less disruptive procedures will be acceptable. For manufacturers, the changes will open opportunities for development of corrosion repair technology. A highly competitive market in new repair technology can be expected to arise. Current regulations, new technologies, and proposed safety standards are described.

Santon, J.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Energy saving at gas compressor stations through the use of parametric diagnostics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Increasingly growing consumption of natural gas all around the world requires development of new transporting equipment and optimization of existing pipelines and gas pumping… (more)

Angalev, Mikhail

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

sea pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

sea pipeline, sealine, marine (pipe)line, undersea (pipe)line, submarine (pipe)line, subsea (pipe)line ? Untermeer(es)(rohr)leitung f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Evalutation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for Hydrogen/Mixed Gas Service  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Objectives: To assist DOE-EE in evaluating the feasibility of using the existing natural gas transmission and distribution piping network for hydrogen/mixed gas delivery

314

Transportation fuels from synthetic gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-five experimental Fischer-Tropsch synthesis runs were made with 14 different catalysts or combinations of catalysts using a Berty reactor system. Two catalysts showed increased selectivity to transportation fuels compared to typical Fischer-Tropsch catalysts. With a catalyst consisting of 5 wt % ruthenium impregnated on a Y zeolite (run number 24), 63 to 70 wt % of the hydrocarbon product was in the gasoline boiling range. Using a 0.5 wt % ruthenium on alumina catalyst (run number 22), 64 to 78 wt % of the hydrocarbon product was in the diesel fuel boiling range. Not enough sample was produced to determine the octane number of the gasoline from run number 24, but it is probably somewhat better than typical Fischer-Tropsch gasoline (approx. 50) and less than unleaded gasoline (approx. 88). The diesel fuel produced in run number 22 consisted of mostly straight chained paraffins and should be an excellent transportation fuel without further refining. The yield of transportation fuels from biomass via gasification and the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with the ruthenium catalysts identified in the previous paragraph is somewhat less, on a Btu basis, than methanol (via gasification) and wood oil (PERC and LBL processes) yields from biomass. However, the products of the F-T synthesis are higher quality transportation fuels. The yield of transportation fuels via the F-T synthesis is similar to the yield of gasoline via methanol synthesis and the Mobil MTG process.

Baker, E.G.; Cuello, R.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Wax formation assessment of condensate in South Pars gas processing plant sea pipeline (a case study)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wax deposition from the gas condensate in South Pars gas processing plant causes a number of severe problems. These problems include: (1) deposits form on the reboiler tubes of stabilizer column and tend to reduce its duty (2) forcing periodic shut-down and removal of deposits (3) interrupting normal processing operations. An understanding of deposition, nature and propensity is necessary to mitigate the mentioned problems. In this work, the multi solid phase model is used to predict the wax precipitation from gas condensate fluid. For five different reservoir fluids, several methods were investigated to split the heavy hydrocarbon fraction into pseudo fractions. The results show that the Al-Meshari method is the most accurate one. Also, a set of consistent correlations were used to calculate the critical points, fusion properties and the acentric factor of the single carbon number groups in the extended composition. Finally the best methods for predicting the wax formation are selected and used to predict the wax formation in the sea line of South Pars gas processing plant. The modeling shows that wax precipitation starts at 293 K and 86 bar. At this pressure and temperature the pipeline is 94 km away from the wellhead.

M.R. Rahimpour; M. Davoudi; S.M. Jokar; I. Khoramdel; A. Shariati; M.R. Dehnavi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Mapco's NGL Rocky Mountain pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Mountain natural gas liquids (NGL) pipeline was born as a result of major producible gas finds in the Rocky Mountain area after gas deregulation. Gas discoveries in the overthurst area indicated considerable volumes of NGL would be available for transportation out of the area within the next 5 to 7 years. Mapco studied the need for a pipeline to the overthrust, but the volumes were not substantial at the time because there was little market and, consequently, little production for ethane. Since that time crude-based products for ethylene manufacture have become less competitive as a feed product on the world plastics market, and ethane demand has increased substantially. This change in the market has caused a major modification in the plans of the NGL producers and, consequently, the ethane content of the NGL stream for the overthrust area is expected to be 30% by volume at startup and is anticipated to be at 45% by 1985. These ethane volumes enhance the feasibility of the pipeline. The 1196-mile Rocky Mountain pipeline will be installed from the existing facility in W. Texas, near Seminole, to Rock Springs, Wyoming. A gathering system will connect the trunk line station to various plant locations. The pipeline development program calls for a capacity of 65,000 bpd by the end of 1981.

Isaacs, S.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Seadrift/UCAR pipelines achieve ISO registration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proper meter station design using gas orifice meters must include consideration of a number of factors to obtain the best accuracy available. This paper reports that Union Carbide's Seadrift/UCAR Pipelines has become the world's first cross-country pipelines to comply with the International Standards Organization's quality criteria for transportation and distribution of ethylene. Carbide's organization in North America and Europe, with 22 of the corporation's businesses having the internationally accepted quality system accredited by a third-party registrar.

Arrieta, J.R.; Byrom, J.A.; Gasko, H.M. (Carbide Corp., Danbury, CT (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fatigue crack retardation by the application of repair coatings to gas pipelines under pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe additional capabilities of the repair insulation coatings applied to main pipelines (without taking them out of operation) in increasing the durability of these pipelines. As a specific feature of thi...

T. P. Venhrynyuk

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Overview of Two Hydrogen Energy Storage Studies: Wind Hydrogen in California and Blending in Natural Gas Pipelines (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview of two NREL energy storage studies: Wind Hydrogen in California: Case Study and Blending Hydrogen Into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. The presentation summarizes key issues, major model input assumptions, and results.

Melaina, M. W.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Transport coefficients of a unitarized pion gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The latest experimental results in relativistic heavy-ion collisions show that the matter there produced requires transport coefficients because of the important collective properties found. We review the theoretical calculation of these transport coefficients in the hadron side at low temperatures by computing them in a gas composed of low energy pions. The interaction of these pions is taken from an effective chiral theory and further requiring scattering unitarity. The propagation of D and D* mesons in the thermalized pion gas is also studied in order to extract the heavy quark diffusion coefficients in the system.

Juan M. Torres-Rincon

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Minimum separation distances for natural gas pipeline and boilers in the 300 area, Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing actions to reduce energy expenditures and improve energy system reliability at the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. These actions include replacing the centralized heating system with heating units for individual buildings or groups of buildings, constructing a new natural gas distribution system to provide a fuel source for many of these units, and constructing a central control building to operate and maintain the system. The individual heating units will include steam boilers that are to be housed in individual annex buildings located at some distance away from nearby 300 Area nuclear facilities. This analysis develops the basis for siting the package boilers and natural gas distribution systems to be used to supply steam to 300 Area nuclear facilities. The effects of four potential fire and explosion scenarios involving the boiler and natural gas pipeline were quantified to determine minimum separation distances that would reduce the risks to nearby nuclear facilities. The resulting minimum separation distances are shown in Table ES.1.

Daling, P.M.; Graham, T.M.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

diameter pipeline with the capacity to transport 477 million cubic feet (MMcf) of natural gas per day. Facilities would also include a compressor station, 2 meter stations, 19...

323

Natural Gas Infrastructure R&D and Methane Emissions Mitigation...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and transportation efficiency. Due to economic efficiency Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines typically do not operate at their optimum design condition. So, most...

324

FEATURE ARTICLE Pipeline Corrosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F FEATURE ARTICLE Pipeline Corrosion Issues Related to Carbon Capture, Transportation, and Storage Capture, Transportation, and Storage--Aspects of Corrosion and Materials. "Until these new technologies are developed and applied, corrosion engineers are focusing on how to best design pipelines for CO2 transport

Botte, Gerardine G.

325

Effects of optimal concentrations of asphalt-tar substances and wax on the rheological characteristics of high-viscosity petroleum during transport in large pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the optimum ratio of asphalt-tar substances to wax is independent of temperature and pressure in transport of high-viscosity petroleum through pipelines.

A. M. Shammazov

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Overview of interstate hydrogen pipeline systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of hydrogen in the energy sector of the United States is projected to increase significantly in the future. Current uses are predominantly in the petroleum refining sector, with hydrogen also being used in the manufacture of chemicals and other specialized products. Growth in hydrogen consumption is likely to appear in the refining sector, where greater quantities of hydrogen will be required as the quality of the raw crude decreases, and in the mining and processing of tar sands and other energy resources that are not currently used at a significant level. Furthermore, the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel has been proposed both by automobile manufacturers and the federal government. Assuming that the use of hydrogen will significantly increase in the future, there would be a corresponding need to transport this material. A variety of production technologies are available for making hydrogen, and there are equally varied raw materials. Potential raw materials include natural gas, coal, nuclear fuel, and renewables such as solar, wind, or wave energy. As these raw materials are not uniformly distributed throughout the United States, it would be necessary to transport either the raw materials or the hydrogen long distances to the appropriate markets. While hydrogen may be transported in a number of possible forms, pipelines currently appear to be the most economical means of moving it in large quantities over great distances. One means of controlling hydrogen pipeline costs is to use common rights-of-way (ROWs) whenever feasible. For that reason, information on hydrogen pipelines is the focus of this document. Many of the features of hydrogen pipelines are similar to those of natural gas pipelines. Furthermore, as hydrogen pipeline networks expand, many of the same construction and operating features of natural gas networks would be replicated. As a result, the description of hydrogen pipelines will be very similar to that of natural gas pipelines. The following discussion will focus on the similarities and differences between the two pipeline networks. Hydrogen production is currently concentrated in refining centers along the Gulf Coast and in the Farm Belt. These locations have ready access to natural gas, which is used in the steam methane reduction process to make bulk hydrogen in this country. Production centers could possibly change to lie along coastlines, rivers, lakes, or rail lines, should nuclear power or coal become a significant energy source for hydrogen production processes. Should electrolysis become a dominant process for hydrogen production, water availability would be an additional factor in the location of production facilities. Once produced, hydrogen must be transported to markets. A key obstacle to making hydrogen fuel widely available is the scale of expansion needed to serve additional markets. Developing a hydrogen transmission and distribution infrastructure would be one of the challenges to be faced if the United States is to move toward a hydrogen economy. Initial uses of hydrogen are likely to involve a variety of transmission and distribution methods. Smaller users would probably use truck transport, with the hydrogen being in either the liquid or gaseous form. Larger users, however, would likely consider using pipelines. This option would require specially constructed pipelines and the associated infrastructure. Pipeline transmission of hydrogen dates back to late 1930s. These pipelines have generally operated at less than 1,000 pounds per square inch (psi), with a good safety record. Estimates of the existing hydrogen transmission system in the United States range from about 450 to 800 miles. Estimates for Europe range from about 700 to 1,100 miles (Mohipour et al. 2004; Amos 1998). These seemingly large ranges result from using differing criteria in determining pipeline distances. For example, some analysts consider only pipelines above a certain diameter as transmission lines. Others count only those pipelines that transport hydrogen from a producer to a customer (e.g., t

Gillette, J .L.; Kolpa, R. L

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Pipeline system insulation: Thermal insulation and corrosion prevention. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning thermal and corrosion insulation of pipeline systems used to transport liquids and gases. Topics include thermal aging of polyurethane used for foam heating pipes, extrusion film pipeline insulation materials and processes, flexible expanded nitrile rubber pipeline insulation with Class 1 fire rating, and underground fiberglass reinforced polyester insulated pipeline systems. Applications in solar heating systems; underground water, oil, and gas pipelines; interior hot and cold water lines under seawater; and chemical plant pipeline system insulation are included. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Pipeline system insulation: Thermal insulation and corrosion prevention. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning thermal and corrosion insulation of pipeline systems used to transport liquids and gases. Topics include thermal aging of polyurethane used for foam heating pipes, extrusion film pipeline insulation materials and processes, flexible expanded nitrile rubber pipeline insulation with Class 1 fire rating, and underground fiberglass reinforced polyester insulated pipeline systems. Applications in solar heating systems; underground water, oil, and gas pipelines; interior hot and cold water lines under seawater; and chemical plant pipeline system insulation are included. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Pipeline system insulation: Thermal insulation and corrosion prevention. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning thermal and corrosion insulation of pipeline systems used to transport liquids and gases. Topics include thermal aging of polyurethane used for foam heating pipes, extrusion film pipeline insulation materials and processes, flexible expanded nitrile rubber pipeline insulation with Class 1 fire rating, and underground fiberglass reinforced polyester insulated pipeline systems. Applications in solar heating systems; underground water, oil, and gas pipelines; interior hot and cold water lines under seawater; and chemical plant pipeline system insulation are included. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Transport coefficients of a massive pion gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review or main results concerning the transport coefficients of a light meson gas, in particular we focus on the case of a massive pion gas. Leading order results according to the chiral power-counting are presented for the DC electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, shear viscosity, and bulk viscosity. We also comment on the possible correlation between the bulk viscosity and the trace anomaly in QCD, as well as the relation between unitarity and a minimum of the quotient $\\eta/s$ near the phase transition.

D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

331

Transport properties of a meson gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present recent results on a systematic method to calculate transport coefficients for a meson gas (in particular, we analyze a pion gas) at low temperatures in the context of Chiral Perturbation Theory. Our method is based on the study of Feynman diagrams with a power counting which takes into account collisions in the plasma by means of a non-zero particle width. In this way, we obtain results compatible with analysis of Kinetic Theory with just the leading order diagram. We show the behavior with temperature of electrical and thermal conductivities and shear and bulk viscosities, and we discuss the fundamental role played by unitarity. We obtain that bulk viscosity is negligible against shear viscosity near the chiral phase transition. Relations between the different transport coefficients and bounds on them based on different theoretical approximations are also discussed. We also comment on some applications to heavy-ion collisions.

D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

332

Quantification of undersea gas leaks from carbon capture and storage facilities, from pipelines and from methane seeps, by their acoustic emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Quantification of undersea gas leaks from carbon capture and storage facilities, from...importance of leak detection from carbon capture and storage facilities and the...pipelines or leaks from facilities for carbon capture and storage) have the advantage...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The role of natural gas as a vehicle transportation fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes pathways to directly use natural gas, as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG), in the transportation sector. The thesis focuses on identifying opportunities to reduce market ...

Murphy, Paul Jarod

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Capability Brief_Pipeline Safety Program.pub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safety Program Safety Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Capabilities Brief T he Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides specialized engineering and technical support to the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). As a federal regulatory authority with jurisdiction over pipeline safety, PHMSA is responsible for ensuring the safe, reliable, and environmentally sound operation of the nation's network of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. To

335

The dynamics of a suspended pipeline, in the limit of vanishing stiffness1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and production of oil and natural gas in deep water offshore re- quires the presence of pipelines for transport , Sjoerd W. Rienstra3 Abstract This paper discusses a model for the linearized dynamics of offshore

Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

336

Optimal Design of Offshore Natural-Gas Pipeline Systems B. Rothfarb; H. Frank; D. M. Rosenbaum; K. Steiglitz; D. J. Kleitman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Design of Offshore Natural-Gas Pipeline Systems B. Rothfarb; H. Frank; D. M. Rosenbaum; K@jstor.org. http://www.jstor.org Mon Oct 22 13:48:01 2007 #12;OPTIMAL DESIGN OF OFFSHORE NATURAL-GAS PIPELINEAnolog,tj, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Received January 28, 1969) The exploitation of offshore natural gas reserves

Steiglitz, Kenneth

337

The Future of Transportation Finance: Gas Tax Plus and Beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Future of Transportation Finance: Gas Tax Plus and Beyond The Future of Transportation Finance ON TRANSPORTATION POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY 2005 JAMES L. OBERSTAR FORUM ON TRANSPORTATION POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY #12;This report summarizes the fourth James L. Oberstar Forum on Transportation Policy and Technology. Over

Minnesota, University of

338

Matrix Heterogeneity Effects on Gas Transport and Adsorption in Coalbed and Shale Gas Reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In coalbeds and shales, gas transport and storage are important for accurate ... rates and for the consideration of subsurface greenhouse gas sequestration. They involve coupled fluid phenomena in ... transport, ...

Ebrahim Fathi; I. Yücel Akkutlu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Processes for Methane Production from Gas Hydrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main cost here is only that of the pipeline used to transport the gas to the production platform. For subsea systems that do not ... group of wells. Transporting methane from the production site to the shore ...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Tefken builds Turkish pipeline project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A turnkey contract was let in early 1983 for the construction of the Yumurtalik-Kirikkale crude oil pipeline system in Turkey. The design and construction of the 277 mile, 24 in dia pipeline will be completed toward the end of 1985. The pipeline will transport crude oil to the Central Anatolian Refinery. In the original design, the pipeline was planned for an ultimate capacity of 10 million tons/year with three pumping stations. Problems encountered in constructing the pipeline are discussed.

Not Available

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Application of adhesive materials for the repair of acting gas pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The materials and equipment developed to eliminate damage in the pipelines that transmit hydro-carbons are presented. The ... adhesive materials and processing methods used in the repairs are described.

V. S. Smirnov; N. N. Parakhina; A. F. Murokh…

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Transportation of Natural Gas and Petroleum (Nebraska) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transportation of Natural Gas and Petroleum (Nebraska) Transportation of Natural Gas and Petroleum (Nebraska) Transportation of Natural Gas and Petroleum (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Oil and Gas Conservation Commission This statute enables and regulates the exercise of eminent domain by persons, companies, corporations, or associations transporting crude oil,

343

Capturing, Purifying, and Liquefying Landfill Gas for Transportation Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capturing, Purifying, and Liquefying Landfill Gas for Transportation Fuel TRANSPORTATION ENERGY alternative fuel, and purified landfill gas could provide a renewable domestic source of it. Landfills from landfills and use it in natural gas applications such as fueling motor vehicles. Project

344

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potentials and Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potentials and Policies Agency/Company /Organization: Pew Center on Global Climate Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/aviation-and-marine-report-2009.pdf Cost: Free References: Greenhouse Gas emissions from aviation and marine transportation: mitigation potential and policies[1] "This paper provides an overview of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from aviation and marine transportation and the various mitigation options to

345

Analytic prognostic for petrochemical pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pipelines tubes are part of vital mechanical systems largely used in petrochemical industries. They serve to transport natural gases or liquids. They are cylindrical tubes and are submitted to the risks of corrosion due to high PH concentrations of the transported liquids in addition to fatigue cracks due to the alternation of pressure-depression of gas along the time, initiating therefore in the tubes body micro-cracks that can propagate abruptly to lead to failure. The development of the prognostic process for such systems increases largely their performance and their availability, as well decreases the global cost of their missions. Therefore, this paper deals with a new prognostic approach to improve the performance of these pipelines. Only the first mode of crack, that is, the opening mode, is considered.

Abdo Abou Jaoude; Seifedine Kadry; Khaled El-Tawil; Hassan Noura; Mustapha Ouladsine

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

346

Electrochemical Noise Sensors for Detection of Localized and General Corrosion of Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines. Final Report for the Period July 2001-October 2002  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory funded a Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability program directed at increasing and enhancing research and development activities in topics such as remote leak detection, pipe inspection, and repair technologies and materials. The Albany Research Center (ARC), U.S. Department of Energy was funded to study the use of electrochemical noise sensors for detection of localized and general corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines. As part of this, ARC entered into a collaborative effort with the corrosion sensor industry to demonstrate the capabilities of commercially available remote corrosion sensors for use with the Nation's Gas Transmission Pipeline Infrastructure needs. The goal of the research was to develop an emerging corrosion sensor technology into a monitor for the type and degree of corrosion occurring at key locations in gas transmission pipelines.

Bullard, Sophie J.; Covino, Jr., Bernard S.; Russell, James H.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Possible Pathways for Increasing Natural Gas Use for Transportation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emissions reduction. * NG use can provide a pathway for future bio-based fuels (e.g., biogas and gas + biomass-to-liquids GBTL). Natural Gas Use in Transportation Offers...

348

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, Transportation Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: www.pewclimate.org...

349

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport or Mobil Sources AgencyCompany Organization: World Resources...

350

Tracer Gas Transport under Mixed Convection Conditions in an Experimental  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tracer Gas Transport under Mixed Convection Conditions in an Experimental Tracer Gas Transport under Mixed Convection Conditions in an Experimental Atrium: Comparison Between Experiments and CFD Predictions Title Tracer Gas Transport under Mixed Convection Conditions in an Experimental Atrium: Comparison Between Experiments and CFD Predictions Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2006 Authors Jayaraman, Buvaneswari, Elizabeth U. Finlayson, Michael D. Sohn, Tracy L. Thatcher, Phillip N. Price, Emily E. Wood, Richard G. Sextro, and Ashok J. Gadgil Journal Atmospheric Environment Volume 40 Start Page Chapter Pagination 5236-5250 Keywords airflow and pollutant transport group, atria, indoor airflow and pollutant transport, indoor environment department, indoor pollutant dispersion, mixed convection, turbulence model

351

,"South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_ssc_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_ssc_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

352

,"North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_snc_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_snc_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

353

,"New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_snh_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_snh_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

354

,"North Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","North Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_snd_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_snd_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

355

,"New York Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_sny_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_sny_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

356

,"West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","West Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_swv_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_swv_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

357

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_snm_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_snm_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

358

,"New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_snj_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_snj_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

359

,"Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9102mx3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9102mx3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

360

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2005 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1480_ssd_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1480_ssd_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Transportation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Measurement, Causation and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of the carbon dioxide we produce. As such it is a leading candidate for greenhouse gas ((GHG) (CO2, NH4, HFCs.S. CO2 emissions sources. U.S. CO2 transportation emissions sources by mode. #12;CenterTransportation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Measurement, Causation and Mitigation Oak Ridge

362

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport or  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transport or Transport or Mobil Sources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Transport or Mobil Sources Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Transportation, Greenhouse Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.ghgprotocol.org/calculation-tools/all-tools Cost: Free The Greenhouse Gas Protocol tool for mobile combustion is a free Excel spreadsheet calculator designed to calculate GHG emissions specifically from mobile combustion sources, including vehicles under the direct control

363

1982 worldwide pipeline construction will top 21,900 miles, $9. 5 billion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reports that pipeline construction slowed slightly in 1982 because of lowered economic activity worldwide, with an upturn forecast for 1983. Explains that need for new pipelines to transport increasing amounts of oil and gas energy now being discovered, plus use of pipelines to transport other commodities in increasing amounts, has created a backlog of demand for facilities. Indicates that commodities suited for pipeline transport and getting consideration include crude oil; refined products; natural gas liquids; LPG; coal slurries; carbon dioxide (used for enhanced oil recovery); chemicals such as ammonia, ethane, ethylene, and similar petrochemical feedstocks; industrial gases such as oxygen, nitrogen; and solids slurries such as ores, wood chips, and other non-soluble minerals, even items such as wood chips and wood pulp for paper-making. Reveals that there are 10,396 miles of coal slurry pipeline planned for the US and 500 miles in Canada. Major US projects underway in the gas pipeline field include the 797-mile, 36-in. Trailblazer system in Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah. Products/ LPG/NGL pipelines underway include 105 miles of dual 4 and 6-in. line in Kansas. Crude pipeline activity includes 100 miles of 12-in. in California and 80 miles of 4 thru 40-in. in Alaska on the North Slope. Updates plans in Canada, Scotland, Denmark, Ireland, France, the Middle East, Australia, Southeast Asia, Mexico, South America and the USSR.

Hall, D.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Historical pipeline construction cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to provide a reference for the pipeline construction cost, by analysing individual pipeline cost components with historical pipeline cost data. Cost data of 412 pipelines recorded between 1992 and 2008 in the Oil and Gas Journal are collected and adjusted to 2008 dollars with the chemical engineering plant cost index (CEPCI). The distribution and share of these 412 pipeline cost components are assessed based on pipeline diameter, pipeline length, pipeline capacity, the year of completion, locations of pipelines. The share of material and labour cost dominates the pipeline construction cost, which is about 71% of the total cost. In addition, the learning curve analysis is conducted to attain learning rate with respect to pipeline material and labour costs for different groups. Results show that learning rate and construction cost are varied by pipeline diameters, pipeline lengths, locations of pipelines and other factors. This study also investigates the causes of pipeline construction cost differences among different groups. [Received: October 13, 2010; Accepted: December 20, 2010

Zhenhua Rui; Paul A. Metz; Doug B. Reynolds; Gang Chen; Xiyu Zhou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Hydrogen Pipeline Safety Our goal is to establish the codes and standards necessary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transport of fuel across the U.S., preferably using our existing network of oil and gas pipelines where, about the size of a small automobile gas tank, will be the nation's biggest hydrogen test chamber energy source will increase domestic control and substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions. · 700

Perkins, Richard A.

366

Hydrogen Pipeline Safety Our goal is to establish the codes and standards necessary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transport of fuel across the U.S., preferably using our existing network of oil and gas pipelines where the size of a small automobile gas tank, will be the nation's biggest hydrogen test chamber. Studies energy source will increase domestic control and substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions. · 700

367

Use of Composite Pipe Materials in the Transportation of Natural Gas (INEEL/EXT-02-00992)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

992 992 Use of Composite Pipe Materials in the Transportation of Natural Gas Patrick Laney July 2002 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC INEEL/EXT-02-00992 Use of Composite Pipe Materials in the Transportation of Natural Gas Sponsored by Natural Gas Pipeline Infrastructure Reliability Program National Energy Technology Laboratory INEEL Field Work Proposal # 4340-70 Prepared by: Patrick Laney Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Idaho Falls, Idaho With Contributions From: Ian Kopp Kenway Corporation Augusta, Maine July 2002 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Fossil Energy Technologies Department Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

368

Simulating Microstructural Evolution and Electrical Transport in Ceramic Gas Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this paper, using the example of the thermal processing of ceramic gas sensors, an integrated compu- tationalSimulating Microstructural Evolution and Electrical Transport in Ceramic Gas Sensors Yunzhi Wang in ceramic gas sensors has been proposed. First, the particle-flow model and the continuum-phase-field method

Ciobanu, Cristian

369

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Embrittlement Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, GA, August 30, 2005 Funding and Duration * Timeline - Project start date: 7/20/05 - Project end date: 7/19/09 - Percent complete: 0.1% * Budget: Total project funding: 300k/yr * DOE share: 75% * Contractor share: 25% * Barriers - Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water vapor?) - Assessment of hydrogen compatibility of the existing natural gas pipeline system for transporting hydrogen - Suitable steels, and/or coatings, or other materials to provide safe and reliable hydrogen transport and reduced capital cost 2 Team and Collaborators 3 * Industrial Partners: SECAT

370

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Any entity that owns, operates, or manages a pipeline for the purpose of transporting crude petroleum, gas, coal, or carbon dioxide within or through the state of North Dakota, or is engaged in the business of

371

Oil transportation in the global landscape : the Murmansk Oil Terminal and Pipeline proposal evaluated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil and transportation have been commingled since the first oil reserves were discovered. The importance of energy, namely oil, and the transportation of that energy from the producers to the consumers is persistently ...

Roy, Ankur, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines BP and Hydrogen Pipelines DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Gary P. Yoho, P.E. i l i * Green corporate philosophy and senior management commitment * Reduced greenhouse gas emissions nine years ahead of target * Alternatives to oil are a big part of BP' including natural gas, LNG, solar and hydrogen * Hydrogen Bus Project won Australia' prestigious environmental award * UK partnership opened the first hydrogen demonstration refueling station * Two hydrogen pipelines in Houston area BP Env ronmenta Comm tment s portfolio, s most BP' * li l " li i i * i l pl i i * Li l li l * " i i l i 2 i i ll i i l pl ifi i * 8" ly idl i i l s Hydrogen Pipelines Two nes, on y a brand new 12 ne s act ve Connect Houston area chem ca ant w th a ref nery nes come off a p

373

Natural Gas Compression Technology Improves Transport and Efficiencies,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Compression Technology Improves Transport and Natural Gas Compression Technology Improves Transport and Efficiencies, Lowers Operating Costs Natural Gas Compression Technology Improves Transport and Efficiencies, Lowers Operating Costs May 10, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - An award-winning compressor design that decreases the energy required to compress and transport natural gas, lowers operating costs, improves efficiencies and reduces the environmental footprint of well site operations has been developed by a Massachusetts-based company with support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). OsComp Systems designed and tested the novel compressor design with funding from the DOE-supported Stripper Well Consortium, an industry-driven organization whose members include natural gas and petroleum producers,

374

Total Crude by Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude by All Transport Methods Domestic Crude by All Transport Methods Foreign Crude by All Transport Methods Total Crude by Pipeline Domestic Crude by Pipeline Foreign Crude by Pipeline Total Crude by Tanker Domestic Crude by Tanker Foreign Crude by Tanker Total Crude by Barge Domestic Crude by Barge Foreign Crude by Barge Total Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Domestic Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Foreign Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Total Crude by Trucks Domestic Crude by Trucks Foreign Crude by Trucks Period: Product: Total Crude by All Transport Methods Domestic Crude by All Transport Methods Foreign Crude by All Transport Methods Total Crude by Pipeline Domestic Crude by Pipeline Foreign Crude by Pipeline Total Crude by Tanker Domestic Crude by Tanker Foreign Crude by Tanker Total Crude by Barge Domestic Crude by Barge Foreign Crude by Barge Total Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Domestic Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Foreign Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Total Crude by Trucks Domestic Crude by Trucks Foreign Crude by Trucks Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View

375

water pipeline gallery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

water pipeline gallery, water pipeline drift; water pipeline tunnel (US) ? Wasserleitungsrohrstollen m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Feed gas contaminant removal in ion transport membrane systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An oxygen ion transport membrane process wherein a heated oxygen-containing gas having one or more contaminants is contacted with a reactive solid material to remove the one or more contaminants. The reactive solid material is provided as a deposit on a support. The one or more contaminant compounds in the heated oxygen-containing gas react with the reactive solid material. The contaminant-depleted oxygen-containing gas is contacted with a membrane, and oxygen is transported through the membrane to provide transported oxygen.

Underwood, Richard Paul (Allentown, PA); Makitka, III, Alexander (Hatfield, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

377

Oil and Gas Exploration, Drilling, Transportation, and Production (South  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exploration, Drilling, Transportation, and Production Exploration, Drilling, Transportation, and Production (South Carolina) Oil and Gas Exploration, Drilling, Transportation, and Production (South Carolina) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control This legislation prohibits the waste of oil or gas and the pollution of water, air, or land. The Department of Health and Environmental Control is authorized to implement regulations designed to prevent the waste of oil and gas, promote environmental stewardship, and regulate the exploration,

378

EIS-0020: Crude Oil Transport Alternate From Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 Elk Hills/SOHIO Pipeline Connection Conveyance System, Terminal Tank Farm Relocation to Rialto, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves developed this supplemental statement to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with a modified design of a proposed 250,000 barrels per day crude oil conveyance system from Navel Petroleum Reserve No. 1 to connect to the proposed SOHIO West Coast to Midcontinent Pipeline at Rialto, California. This SEIS is a supplement to DOE/EIS-0020, Crude Oil Transport Alternate From Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 Elk Hills/SOHIO Pipeline Connection Conveyance System, Terminal Tank Farm Relocation to Rialto, California.

379

Development of a Centrifugal Hydrogen Pipeline Gas Compressor - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Francis A. Di Bella, P.E. Concepts ETI, Inc., d.b.a. Concepts NREC 285 Billerica Road, Suite 102 Chelmsford, MA 01824-4174 Phone: (781) 937-4718 Email: fdibella@conceptsnrec.com DOE Managers HQ: Erika Sutherland Phone: (202) 586-3152 Email: Erika.Sutherland@ee.doe.gov GO: Katie Randolph Phone: (720) 356-1759 Email: Katie.Randolph@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FG36-08GO18059 Subcontractors: Texas A&M University, College Station, TX HyGen Industries, Eureka, CA Project Start Date: June 1, 2008 Project End Date: May, 2013 Overall Project Objectives Develop and demonstrate an advanced centrifugal * compressor system for high-pressure hydrogen pipeline transport to support DOE's strategic hydrogen

380

Diverless pipeline repair clamp: Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Offshore oil and gas developments are underway for water depths beyond which divers can function. The economic lifelines of these projects are the pipelines which will transport the products to shore. In preparation for the day when one of these pipelines will require repair because of a leak, the Pipeline Research Committee of the American Gas Association is funding research directed at developing diverless pipeline repair capabilities. Several types of damage are possible, ranging from latent weld defects on one end of the spectrum to damage resulting in parting of the pipe at the other end. This study is specifically directed toward laying the groundwork for development of a diverless pipeline repair clamp for use in repair of leaks resulting from minor pipe defects. The incentive for a clamp type repair is costs. When compared to replacing a section of pipe, either by welding or by mechanical means, the clamp type repair requires much less disturbance of the pipe, less time, fewer operations and less equipment. This report summarizes (1) capabilities of remotely operated vehicles (ROV's) and associated systems, (2) highlights areas for further research and development, (3) describes the required capabilities of the diverless repairclamp, (4) investigates some alternatives to the diverless clamp, (5) overviews the state of the art in leak repair clamps, and (6) critiques several possible generic clamp concepts.

Miller, J.E.; Knott, B. (Stress Engineering Services, Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two broad categories of deposited weld metal repair and fiber-reinforced composite repair technologies were reviewed for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Preliminary test programs were developed for both deposited weld metal repairs and for fiber-reinforced composite repair. To date, all of the experimental work pertaining to the evaluation of potential repair methods has focused on fiber-reinforced composite repairs. Hydrostatic testing was also conducted on four pipeline sections with simulated corrosion damage: two with composite liners and two without.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Natural Gas Regulation - Other Gas-Related Information Sources | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Natural Gas Regulation - Other Gas-Related Information Sources Natural Gas Regulation - Other Gas-Related Information Sources Natural Gas Regulation - Other Gas-Related Information Sources The single largest source of energy information available is the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). The EIA publishes extensive reports on natural gas and other energy sources. Domestic natural gas markets are regulated in part by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The commission's chief area of concern is the interstate natural gas market. Natural gas moves for the most part by pipeline in the United States. The safety of those pipelines is the concern of the Department of Transportation's Office of Pipeline Safety. In Canada the regulation of interprovincial and international natural gas is the responsibility of the National Energy Board. Their areas of

383

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of hydrogen permeation behavior and its impact on hydrogen embrittlement of pipeline steels under high gaseous pressures relevant to hydrogen gas transmission pipeline...

384

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems- Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen. Design and operations standards and materials for hydrogen and natural gas pipelines.

385

Chapter 9 - Pipeline Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oilfield pipelines are insulated mainly to conserve heat. The need to keep the product in the pipeline at a temperature higher than the ambient could exist for the following reasons: preventing the formation of gas hydrates, preventing the formation of wax or asphaltenes, enhancing the product flow properties, increasing the cooldown time after shutting down, and meeting other operational/process equipment requirements. On the other hand, in liquefied gas pipelines, such as LNG, insulation is required to maintain the cold temperature of the gas to keep it in a liquid state. This chapter describes the commonly used insulation materials, insulation finish on pipes, and general requirements for insulation of offshore and deepwater pipelines.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use A Review of Empirical Findings Hongwei Dong, Ph.D. Candidate John D. Hunt, Professor John Gliebe, Assistant Professor #12;Framework Oil-run Short and Long-run #12;Topics covered by this presentation: Oil price and macro-economy Gas price

Bertini, Robert L.

387

Comparison of revegetation of a gas pipeline right-of-way in two forested wetland crossings involving conventional methods of pipeline installation and horizontal drilling, Nassau County, Florida  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One year after pipeline installation, vegetation in the right-of-way (ROW) was inventoried at two stream floodplain crossings in Nassau County, Florida. Both sites were forested wetlands composed of Acer rubrum, Fraxinus caroliniana, Liquidamber styraciflua, Nyssa ogecho, Quercus laurifolia, and Taxodium distichum, together with other wetland trees. Pipeline installation across the Brandy Branch floodplain was by conventional ditching and backfill methods. Installation across the Deep Creek floodplain was by horizontal drilling after clearcutting the ROW. The latter method left tree stumps, understory vegetation, and soil layers intact, except for disruptions caused by logging. According to the inventory, vegetation at the drilled site was more diverse (nearly twice as many species occurring in the ROW as at the trenched site) and more robust (no unvegetated exposed soil compared to 15% at the trenched site). Differences between the ROW vegetation at the two sites can be attributed to both site differences and installation technologies used.

Van Dyke, G.D. [Trinity Christian Coll., Palos Heights, IL (United States). Dept. of Biology; Shem, L.M.; Zimmerman, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Use of Technical Standards in Regulation of Oil and Gas Pipelines  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hazmat Hazmat Enhancing Railroad Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Rail Routing Kevin R. Blackwell Radioactive Materials Program Manager Hazardous Materials Division Federal Railroad Administration Presentation for the DOE NTSF Meeting May 14-16, 2013 Hazmat Our Regulated Community * More than 550 railroads * 170,000 miles of track * 220,000 employees * 1.3 million railcars * 20,000 locomotives * 3,500 chemical shippers * Roughly 2 Million annual HM shipments Hazmat Need for a National Approach * At least 14 cities and 1 state considered rail routing requirements * Potential Impact on National Transportation System * Need arose for national uniformity * Criteria for analyzing risk * Central Arbiter of routing decisions * Methodology and tools Hazmat

389

New Natural Gas Storage and Transportation Capabilities Utilizing Rapid Methane Hydrate Formation Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural gas (methane as the major component) is a vital fossil fuel for the United States and around the world. One of the problems with some of this natural gas is that it is in remote areas where there is little or no local use for the gas. Nearly 50 percent worldwide natural gas reserves of ~6,254.4 trillion ft3 (tcf) is considered as stranded gas, with 36 percent or ~86 tcf of the U.S natural gas reserves totaling ~239 tcf, as stranded gas [1] [2]. The worldwide total does not include the new estimates by U.S. Geological Survey of 1,669 tcf of natural gas north of the Arctic Circle, [3] and the U.S. ~200,000 tcf of natural gas or methane hydrates, most of which are stranded gas reserves. Domestically and globally there is a need for newer and more economic storage, transportation and processing capabilities to deliver the natural gas to markets. In order to bring this resource to market, one of several expensive methods must be used: 1. Construction and operation of a natural gas pipeline 2. Construction of a storage and compression facility to compress the natural gas (CNG) at 3,000 to 3,600 psi, increasing its energy density to a point where it is more economical to ship, or 3. Construction of a cryogenic liquefaction facility to produce LNG, (requiring cryogenic temperatures at <-161 °C) and construction of a cryogenic receiving port. Each of these options for the transport requires large capital investment along with elaborate safety systems. The Department of Energy's Office of Research and Development Laboratories at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is investigating new and novel approaches for rapid and continuous formation and production of synthetic NGHs. These synthetic hydrates can store up to 164 times their volume in gas while being maintained at 1 atmosphere and between -10 to -20°C for several weeks. Owing to these properties, new process for the economic storage and transportation of these synthetic hydrates could be envisioned for stranded gas reserves. The recent experiments and their results from the testing within NETL's 15-Liter Hydrate Cell Facility exhibit promising results. Introduction of water at the desired temperature and pressure through an NETL designed nozzle into a temperature controlled methane environment within the 15-Liter Hydrate Cell allowed for instantaneous formation of methane hydrates. The instantaneous and continuous hydrate formation process was repeated over several days while varying the flow rate of water, its' temperature, and the overall temperature of the methane environment. These results clearly indicated that hydrates formed immediately after the methane and water left the nozzle at temperatures above the freezing point of water throughout the range of operating conditions. [1] Oil and Gas Journal Vol. 160.48, Dec 22, 2008. [2] http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/servicerpt/natgas/chapter3.html and http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/servicerpt/natgas/pdf/tbl7.pdf [3] U.S. Geological Survey, “Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal: Estimates of Undiscovered Oil and Gas North of the Arctic Circle,” May 2008.

Brown, T.D.; Taylor, C.E.; Bernardo, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Deepwater pipeline repair technology: A general overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the life of oil and gas transportation sea lines, periodic inspection, maintenance and repair in case of major damage are the most important tasks to be considered especially in deepwater installations. In particular the capabilities to perform quick and cost effective repairs have been of strategic importance in the eighties for SNAM during the development of the S.A.S. (Submersible Automatic System) a diverless and guidelineless repair system for the 20 inch Transmediterranean sealines. The trials on this prototype were successfully completed in early summer 1992, simulating a complete repair procedure at 610 in water depth. Based on the technology the authors have acquired during the implementation of the system, an upgrading phase aimed at improving the capability to mate the new 26 inch lines is being developed. Considering that at the moment only a few pipeline transportation systems are laid in deep water, but some new installations are foreseen in the near future, technological developments would be necessary in view of different scenarios other than the Mediterranean area. This paper will be focused on an overview of the existing repair technologies and will discuss the possible future pipelines operating scenarios and the envisaged new developments of repair technology. Possible way of approaching and solving in a cost-effective way the needs of Pipeline Operators to have repair systems available will be discussed for the different pipeline scenarios.

Magnelli, G.; Radicioni, A. [Snamprogetti S.p.A., Fano (Italy). Offshore Division

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

391

Accuracy improved with analysis of pulsation effects at gas-pipeline metering facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of recent research have provided means for diagnosing and controlling systems effects - pulsations and other adverse flow conditions at natural-gas metering sites. In recent years both in the U.S. and in the European Economic Community, several programs have been concerned with improving orifice coefficient data. Programs sponsored by the Gas Research Institute (GRI), the American Petroleum Institute (API), and the American Gas Association (AGA) at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) facilities at Gaithersburg, MD., and Boulder, Colo., and at the Colorado Engineering Experiment Station are notable examples of this work. Parallel test work in the U.K. at British Gas and National Engineering Labs, at Gasunie in The Netherlands; and at Gaz de France have included round-robin comparison testing of a few standardized orifice sizes. In all cases, the primary objective has been substantially to extend the orifice data base, to reduce data scatter, and to define the seriousness of ''facility bias'' effects which appear to be inherent in the various individual test facilities.

Sparks, C.R.; McKee, R.J.

1986-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

392

Feed gas contaminant control in ion transport membrane systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising an enclosure having an interior and an interior surface, inlet piping having an internal surface and adapted to introduce a heated feed gas into the interior of the enclosure, and outlet piping adapted to withdraw a product gas from the interior of the enclosure; one or more planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the enclosure, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide material; and a preheater adapted to heat a feed gas to provide the heated feed gas to the inlet piping, wherein the preheater comprises an interior surface. Any of the interior surfaces of the enclosure, the inlet piping, and the preheater may be lined with a copper-containing metal lining. Alternatively, any of the interior surfaces of the inlet piping and the preheater may be lined with a copper-containing metal lining and the enclosure may comprise copper.

Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Minford, Eric (Laurys Station, PA); Waldron, William Emil (Whitehall, PA)

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

393

Capsule injection system for a hydraulic capsule pipelining system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An injection system for injecting capsules into a hydraulic capsule pipelining system, the pipelining system comprising a pipeline adapted for flow of a carrier liquid therethrough, and capsules adapted to be transported through the pipeline by the carrier liquid flowing through the pipeline. The injection system comprises a reservoir of carrier liquid, the pipeline extending within the reservoir and extending downstream out of the reservoir, and a magazine in the reservoir for holding capsules in a series, one above another, for injection into the pipeline in the reservoir. The magazine has a lower end in communication with the pipeline in the reservoir for delivery of capsules from the magazine into the pipeline.

Liu, Henry (Columbia, MO)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Hot-Gas Filter Testing with a Transport Reactor Gasifier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, coal supplies over 55% of the electricity consumed in the United States and will continue to do so well into the next century. One of the technologies being developed for advanced electric power generation is an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) system that converts coal to a combustible gas, cleans the gas of pollutants, and combusts the gas in a gas turbine to generate electricity. The hot exhaust from the gas turbine is used to produce steam to generate more electricity from a steam turbine cycle. The utilization of advanced hot-gas particulate and sulfur control technologies together with the combined power generation cycles make IGCC one of the cleanest and most efficient ways available to generate electric power from coal. One of the strategic objectives for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) IGCC research and development program is to develop and demonstrate advanced gasifiers and second-generation IGCC systems. Another objective is to develop advanced hot-gas cleanup and trace contaminant control technologies. One of the more recent gasification concepts to be investigated is that of the transport reactor gasifier, which functions as a circulating fluid-bed gasifier while operating in the pneumatic transport regime of solid particle flow. This gasifier concept provides excellent solid-gas contacting of relatively small particles to promote high gasification rates and also provides the highest coal throughput per unit cross-sectional area of any other gasifier, thereby reducing capital cost of the gasification island.

Swanson, M.L.; Hajicek, D.R.

2002-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

395

Vulnerability Analysis of Complex Networks from Transportation Networks to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Satellites, Telephone Exchanges Fiber Optic Cables Radio Links Voice, Data, Video Energy Pumping Stations Grid Transportation, Communication, and Energy Networks #12;Components of Common Physical Networks, Plants Pipelines, Transmission Lines Water, Gas, Oil, Electricity #12;US Railroad Freight Flows #12

Nagurney, Anna

396

World Gas Conference Tokyo, June 1-5, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22nd World Gas Conference Tokyo, June 1-5, 2003 HYDRATE NON-PIPELINE TECHNOLOGY FOR TRANSPORT OF NATURAL GAS Jón S. Gudmundsson, Norwegian University of Science and Technology Oscar F. Graff, Aker Kvaerner Technology AS SUMMARY The economics of natural gas transport depends greatly on the annual volumes

Gudmundsson, Jon Steinar

397

CFD evaluation of pipeline gas stratification at low fluid flow due to temperature effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variance in chord averaged velocities is apparent at these conditions. CFD analysis was performed. Low flow velocities of 0.1524 m/sec, 0.3048 m/sec and 0.6096 m/sec and temperature differences of 5.5 o K, 13.8 o K and 27.7 o K were considered. When... with gas velocity below 0.6096 m/sec. v DEDICATION To my family for their love and support. vi ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to express my gratitude to Dr. Gerald Morrison for his valuable guidance and support. I...

Brar, Pardeep Singh

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

398

Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

praxair.com praxair.com Copyright © 2003, Praxair Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion BY Robert Zawierucha, Kang Xu and Gary Koeppel PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY CENTER TONAWANDA, NEW YORK DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Workshop Augusta, GA August 2005 2 Introduction Regulatory and technical groups that impact hydrogen and hydrogen systems ASME, DOE, DOT etc, Compressed Gas Association activities ASTM TG G1.06.08 Hydrogen pipelines and CGA-5.6 Selected experience and guidance Summary and recommendations 3 CGA Publications Pertinent to Hydrogen G-5: Hydrogen G-5.3: Commodity Specification for Hydrogen G-5.4: Standard for Hydrogen Piping at Consumer Locations G-5.5: Hydrogen Vent Systems G-5.6: Hydrogen Pipeline Systems (IGC Doc 121/04/E) G-5.7: Carbon Monoxide and Syngas

399

Electromagnetic fields and transport coefficients in a hot pion gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present recent results on finite temperature electromagnetic form factors and the electrical conductivity in a pion gas. The standard Chiral Perturbation Theory power counting needs to be modified for transport coefficients. We pay special attention to unitarity and to possible applications for dilepton and photon production.

A. Gomez Nicola; D. Fernandez-Fraile

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Code for Hydrogen Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August 31, 2005 Louis Hayden, PE Chair ASME B31.12 3 Presentation Outline * Approval for new code development * Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development * B31.12 Status & Structure * Hydrogen Pipeline issues * Research Needs * Where Do We Go From Here? 4 Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines * B31 Hydrogen Section Committee to develop a new code for H 2 piping and pipelines - Include requirements specific to H 2 service for power, process, transportation, distribution, commercial, and residential applications - Balance reference and incorporation of applicable sections of B31.1, B31.3 and B31.8 - Have separate parts for industrial, commercial/residential

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Anaesthetic machine pipeline inlet pressure gauges do not always measure pipeline pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some anaesthetic gas machines have pipeline inlet pressure gauges which indicate the higher of either pipeline pressure, or machine circuit pressure (the ... specific circumstances lead to a delayed appreciation ...

Douglas B. Craig; John Longmuir

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Question 2: Gas procurement strategy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is a collection of responses from natural gas distribution company representatives to questions on how the start-up of the natural gas futures market has changed gas procurement strategies, identification of procurement problems related to pipeline capacity, deliverability, or pregranted abandonment of firm transportation, the competition of separate utility subsidiaries with brokers, marketers, and other gas suppliers who sell gas to large-volume industrial or other 'noncore' customers.

Carrigg, J.A.; Crespo, J.R.; Davis, E.B. Jr.; Farman, R.D.; Green, R.C. Jr.; Hale, R.W.; Howard, J.J.; McCormick, W.T. Jr.; Page, T.A.; Ryan, W.F.; Schrader, T.F.; Schuchart, J.A.; Smith, J.F.; Stys, R.D.; Thorpe, J.A.

1990-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

403

diamond pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

the various steps through, which a diamond passes from production to marketing not including the end consumer. Also called diamond chain , pipeline ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hazardous Liquid Pipelines and Storage Facilities (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute regulates the permitting, construction, monitoring, and operation of pipelines transporting hazardous liquids, including petroleum products and coal slurries. The definition used in...

405

Gas production and transport in artificial sludge depots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study to determine the impact of gas production in dredging sludge on the storage capacity of artificial sludge depots. Gas is produced as a result of the decomposition of organic material present in dredging spoil. This process, in which methane and carbon dioxide are formed, may lead to expansion of sludge layers, partly or even completely counterbalancing consolidation. The study shows that, even with a very conservative estimation of the rate of gas production, accumulation of gas occurs as convective and diffusive transport proceed very slowly. Nucleation of gas bubbles occurs already at a limited oversaturation of pore water. During their growth, bubbles push aside the surrounding grain matrix. Resulting stresses may initiate cracks around bubbles. If these cracks join, they may form channels stretching out to the depot surface and along which gas may escape. However, channels are only stable to a limited depth below which bubble accumulation may continue. The gas content at which sufficient cracks and channels are formed to balance the rate of gas production with the rate of outflow strongly depends on the constitutive properties of the dredging sludge considered. In sludge with a high shear strength (>10 kPa), stable channels are created already at low deformations. However, a large expansion may occur in sludge with a low strength. The present study shows that accumulation of gas may continue until a bulk density less than that of water is attained. This is equivalent to a gas fraction of about 25–37%, depending on the initial water content of the sludge. Only then can gas escape as a result of instabilities in the sediment matrix. This should be well taken into account during the design and management of artificial depots.

T. van Kessel; W.G.M. van Kesteren

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Mechanism model for shale gas transport considering diffusion, adsorption/desorption and Darcy flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To improve the understanding of the transport mechanism in shale gas reservoirs and build a theoretical basic for ... on productivity evaluation and efficient exploitation, various gas transport mechanisms within...

Ming-qiang Wei ???; Yong-gang Duan ???…

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Sources in Aviation, Imperial College London. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Issuance of an Easement to Public Service Company of New Mexico for the Construction and Operation of a 12-inch Natural Gas Pipeline within Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 9 Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Issuance of an Easement to Public Service Company of New Mexico for the Construction and Operation of a 12-inch Natural Gas Pipeline within Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico July 24, 2002 Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Los Alamos Site Operations Proposed Pipeline Easement Environmental Assessment DOE OLASO July 24, 2002 iii CONTENTS ACRONYMS AND TERMS................................................................................................................vii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...................................................................................................................ix 1.0 PURPOSE AND NEED................................................................................................................1

409

Natural Gas Market Centers: A 2008 Update  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas - April 2009 1 Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas - April 2009 1 Natural gas market centers first began to develop in the late 1980s following the implementation of the initial open- access transportation initiative under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Order 436 (1985). 1 Market centers since have become a key component of the North American natural gas transportation network (see box, "Market Center Development"). Located at strategic points on the pipeline grid, these centers offer essential transportation service for shippers between pipeline interconnections, as well as provide these shippers with many of the physical and administrative support services formerly handled by the natural gas pipeline company as "bundled" sales services.

410

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Permeability and Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines Z. Feng*, L.M. Anovitz*, J.G. Blencoe*, S. Babu*, and P. S. Korinko** * Oak Ridge National Laboratory * Savannah River National Laboratory August 30, 2005 2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Partners and Collaborators * Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Project lead * Savannah River National Laboratory - Low H 2 pressure permeation test * Edison Welding Institute - Pipeline materials * Lincoln Electric Company - Welding electrode and weld materials for pipelines * Trans Canada - Commercial welding of pipelines and industry expectations * DOE Pipeline Working Group and Tech Team activities - FRP Hydrogen Pipelines - Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines - Natural Gas Pipelines for Hydrogen Use

411

Supply Chain Management and Economic Valuation of Real Options in the Natural Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supply Chain Management and Economic Valuation of Real Options in the Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas Industry Mulan Xiaofeng Wang Submitted to the Tepper School of Business in Partial Fulfillment options in the natural gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry, including gas pipeline transportation

Sadeh, Norman M.

412

Advanced stimulation technology deployment program, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company, Eagle Gas Sands, Cedar Creek Anticline, Southeastern Montana. Topical report, August-December 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1996, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company (WBI) implemented an AST pilot program to improve production from wells completed in the Eagle formation along the Cedar Creek Anticline in southeastern Montana. Extensive pre- and post-fracture Absolute Open Flow Testing was used to evaluate the benefits of stimulation. Additional, gas production doubled when compared to direct offsets completed in previous years. This report summarizes the documentation of AST methodologies applied by WBI to an infill drilling program in the Eagle formation along the Cedar Creek Anticline.

Green, T.W.; Zander, D.M.; Bessler, M.R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Shale-Gas Permeability and Diffusivity Inferred by Improved Formulation of Relevant Retention and Transport Mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretically improved model incorporating the relevant mechanisms of gas retention and transport in gas-bearing shale formations is presented for determination of intrinsic gas permeability and diffusivity. Th...

Faruk Civan; Chandra S. Rai; Carl H. Sondergeld

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Hydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural Gas Pipelines Hydrogen embrittlement What is the relevance to hydrogen pipelines? ORNL researchHydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines Team: Sudarsanam Suresh Babu, Z Pressure Permeation Testing) Hydrogen Pipeline R&D, Project Review Meeting Oak Ridge National Laboratory

415

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines. B31...

416

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Pipping of GH2 Pipeline....

417

Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solutions for Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines Dr. Subodh K. Das Secat, Inc. September 26, 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Project Team SECAT (KY) Project Manager Oregon Steel Mills (OR) Steel Pipe Producer Columbia Gas of Kentucky (KY) NG transporter Schott North America (PA) Glass coatings supplier Chemical Composite Coatings (GA) Composites coatings Advanced Technology Corp. (TN) ABI technology provider ASME (NY) Codes and Standards DGS Metallurgical Solutions (OR) Steel consulting University of Illinois (IL) Basic embrittlement studies Oak Ridge National Laboratory (TN) Applied research Objective and Deliverables Objective: ∑ Develop materials technologies to minimize embrittlement of

418

Assessment of costs and benefits of flexible and alternative fuel use in the US transportation sector. Technical report twelve: Economic analysis of alternative uses for Alaskan North Slope natural gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Altemative Fuels Assessment, the Department of Energy (DOE) is studying the use of derivatives of natural gas, including compressed natural gas and methanol, as altemative transportation fuels. A critical part of this effort is determining potential sources of natural gas and the economics of those sources. Previous studies in this series characterized the economics of unutilized gas within the lower 48 United States, comparing its value for methanol production against its value as a pipelined fuel (US Department of Energy 1991), and analyzed the costs of developing undeveloped nonassociated gas reserves in several countries (US Department of Energy 1992c). This report extends those analyses to include Alaskan North Slope natural gas that either is not being produced or is being reinjected. The report includes the following: A description of discovered and potential (undiscovered) quantities of natural gas on the Alaskan North Slope. A discussion of proposed altemative uses for Alaskan North Slope natural gas. A comparison of the economics of the proposed alternative uses for Alaskan North Slope natural gas. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the costs of transporting Alaskan North Slope gas to markets in the lower 48 States as pipeline gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), or methanol. It is not intended to recommend one alternative over another or to evaluate the relative economics or timing of using North Slope gas in new tertiary oil recovery projects. The information is supplied in sufficient detail to allow incorporation of relevant economic relationships (for example, wellhead gas prices and transportation costs) into the Altemative Fuels Trade Model, the analytical framework DOE is using to evaluate various policy options.

Not Available

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Pipeline Setback Ordinance (Minnesota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute establishes the Office of Pipeline Safety to regulate pipelines in Minnesota. Among other duties, the office is responsible for implementing a Model Pipeline Setback Ordinance.

420

Cathodic protection retrofit of an offshore pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cathodic protection (CP) anodes and corrosion coating on two offshore pipelines were damaged during deep water installation. In-situ methods for deep-water inspection and repair of the pipelines` CP and coating systems were developed and used. High-pressure natural gas Pipeline. A design was 5.6 miles of 8.625 in. OD by 0.406 in. W.T. API SL, Grade X-42, seamless line pipe. Pipeline B design was 0.3 miles of similar specification pipe. Both pipelines were mill-coated with 14 mil of fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE) corrosion coating. Girth welds were field-coated with FBE.

Winters, R.H.; Holk, A.C. [Tenneco Energy, Houston, TX (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Pipeline ADC Design Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scaling vs. R. Figure 4.8 Pipeline ADC Structures. Figure2.4 A Pipelined ADC. Figure 3.1 Pipeline ADC Transfer Curve.Modes (b) data latency in pipeline ADC Figure 3.3 Detailed

Zhao, Hui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Application of the Granuflow Process to Pipeline-Transported Coal Slurry CRADA PC96-010, Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In light of the current difficulties in processing fine coal and the potential for a significant increase in fines due to more demanding quality specifications, the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) has been involved in the reconstitution of the fine clean coal resulting from advanced fine coal cleaning technologies. FETC has invented and developed a new strategy that combines fine-coal dewatering and reconstitution into one step. The process reduces the moisture content of the clean coal, and alleviates handling problems related to dustiness, stickiness, flowability, and freezing. This process has been named the GranuFlow Process. Early work successfully demonstrated the feasibility of the process for laboratory-scale vacuum filtration dewatering using asphalt emulsion. Further tests focused on the application of the process to a screen-bowl centrifuge via batch mode tests at 300 lb/hr. These tests produced roughly the same results as the laboratory filtration tests did, and they included some testing using Orimulsion, a bitumen emulsion. The Orimulsion seemed to offer greater potential for moisture reduction and was less affected by colder slurry temperatures. Most recently, FETC has conducted several series of tests in its Coal Preparation Process Research Facility. These tests dramatically showed the visible difference in the dewatered product by applying the GranuFlow Process, turning it from a clumpy, wet, sticky material into a granular, dry free-flowing product. In addition, it verified previous results with improvements in moisture content, dustiness, stickiness, and freezing. Orimulsion showed a significant benefit over asphalt emulsion in moisture reduction at additions more than 5%. The overall goal of this project was to successfully apply FETC'S GranuFlow Process to improve coal slurry pipeline operations. Williams Technologies, Inc. (WTI), a leader in pipeline technology, has an interest in reducing the moisture content of the coal at the end of a coal slurry pipeline beyond what is being achieved with conventional mechanical dewatering technology. In addition, they would like to improve the handling characteristics of the dewatered coal. The GranuFlow Process has the potential of assisting in both of these areas, and its degree of applicability needed to be explored. A formal Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between FETC and WTI was signed in November 1996. This CRADA consisted of 6 tasks progressing from preliminary scoping tests to a commercial field test. Task 1 was completed in February 1997, and it provided sufficient information about the applicability of the GranuFlow Process to coal slurry pipelines that further testing was not needed at the present time. Thus the CRADA was terminated.

Richard P. Killmeyer; Wu-Wey Wen

1997-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

423

cautious pipeline trench blasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

cautious pipeline trench blasting, pipeline trench blasting (with)in built-up areas...n in bebauten Gebieten

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project Objectives: To gain basic understanding of hydrogen permeation behavior and its impact on hydrogen embrittlement of pipeline steels under high gaseous pressures relevant to hydrogen gas transmission pipeline

425

Reactive Transport Modeling of Acid Gas Generation and Condensation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulvirenti et al. (2004) recently conducted a laboratory evaporation/condensation experiment on a synthetic solution of primarily calcium chloride. This solution represents one potential type of evaporated pore water at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, a site proposed for geologic storage of high-level nuclear waste. These authors reported that boiling this solution to near dryness (a concentration factor >75,000 relative to actual pore waters) leads to the generation of acid condensate (pH 4.5) presumably due to volatilization of HCl (and minor HF and/or HNO{sub 3}). To investigate the various processes taking place, including boiling, gas transport, and condensation, their experiment was simulated by modifying an existing multicomponent and multiphase reactive transport code (TOUGHREACT). This code was extended with a Pitzer ion-interaction model to deal with high ionic strength. The model of the experiment was set-up to capture the observed increase in boiling temperature (143 C at {approx}1 bar) resulting from high concentrations of dissolved salts (up to 8 m CaCl{sub 2}). The computed HCI fugacity ({approx} 10{sup -4} bars) generated by boiling under these conditions is not sufficient to lower the pH of the condensate (cooled to 80 and 25 C) down to observed values unless the H{sub 2}O mass fraction in gas is reduced below {approx}10%. This is because the condensate becomes progressively diluted by H{sub 2}O gas condensation. However, when the system is modeled to remove water vapor, the computed pH of instantaneous condensates decreases to {approx}1.7, consistent with the experiment (Figure 1). The results also show that the HCl fugacity increases, and calcite, gypsum, sylvite, halite, MgCl{sub 2}4H{sub 2}O and CaCl{sub 2} precipitate sequentially with increasing concentration factors.

G. Zhahg; N. Spycher; E. Sonnenthal; C. Steefel

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

426

MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTY PERFORMANCE OF COMMERCIAL GRADE API PIPELINE STEELS IN HIGH PRESSURE GASEOUS HYDROGEN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The continued growth of the world s developing countries has placed an ever increasing demand on traditional fossil fuel energy sources. This development has lead to increasing research and development of alternative energy sources. Hydrogen gas is one of the potential alternative energy sources under development. Currently the most economical method of transporting large quantities of hydrogen gas is through steel pipelines. It is well known that hydrogen embrittlement has the potential to degrade steel s mechanical properties when hydrogen migrates into the steel matrix. Consequently, the current pipeline infrastructure used in hydrogen transport is typically operated in a conservative fashion. This operational practice is not conducive to economical movement of significant volumes of hydrogen gas as an alternative to fossil fuels. The degradation of the mechanical properties of steels in hydrogen service is known to depend on the microstructure of the steel. Understanding the levels of mechanical property degradation of a given microstructure when exposed to hydrogen gas under pressure can be used to evaluate the suitability of the existing pipeline infrastructure for hydrogen service and guide alloy and microstructure design for new hydrogen pipeline infrastructure. To this end, the 2 Copyright 2010 by ASME microstructures of relevant steels and their mechanical properties in relevant gaseous hydrogen environments must be fully characterized to establish suitability for transporting hydrogen. A project to evaluate four commercially available pipeline steels alloy/microstructure performance in the presences of gaseous hydrogen has been funded by the US Department of Energy along with the private sector. The microstructures of four pipeline steels were characterized and then tensile testing was conducted in gaseous hydrogen and helium at pressures of 800, 1600 and 3000 psi. Based on measurements of reduction of area, two of the four steels that performed the best across the pressure range were selected for evaluation of fracture and fatigue performance in gaseous hydrogen at 800 and 3000 psi. This paper will describe the work performed on four commercially available pipeline steels in the presence of gaseous hydrogen at pressures relevant for transport in pipelines. Microstructures and mechanical property performances will be compared. In addition, recommendations for future work related to gaining a better understanding of steel pipeline performance in hydrogen service will be discussed.

Stalheim, Mr. Douglas [DGS Metallurgical Solutions Inc; Boggess, Todd [Secat; San Marchi, Chris [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Jansto, Steven [Reference Metals Company; Somerday, Dr. B [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Muralidharan, Govindarajan [ORNL; Sofronis, Prof. Petros [University of Illinois

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

34 - Pipeline Commissioning, Operations, and Maintenance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The commissioning of a pipeline involves the activities after installation required to place the system into services, which activities include hydrostatic testing, cleaning and drying, and the introduction of the product to be transported into the pipeline. Pipeline operations are generally carried out by the pipeline operating company. Detailed operation and maintenance procedures specific to the pipeline should be available for use before the pipeline is commissioned and handed over to operation. Manuals for operation and maintenance should be prepared, setting out the schedules, procedures, and instructions on which activities are to be carried out, including liaison with third parties. In this chapter, the procedures of commissioning, operation, and maintenance of subsea pipeline are detailed.

Qiang Bai; Yong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Kinder Morgan Central Florida Pipeline Ethanol Project  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

KINDER MORGAN CENTRAL FLORIDA PIPELINE ETHANOL PROJECT  In December 2008, Kinder Morgan began transporting commercial batches of denatured ethanol along with gasoline shipments in its 16-inch Central Florida Pipeline (CFPL) from Tampa to Orlando, making CFPL the first transmarket gasoline pipeline in the United States to do so. The 16-inch pipeline previously only transported regular and premium gasoline.  Kinder Morgan invested approximately $10 million to modify the line for ethanol shipments which involved chemically cleaning the pipeline, replacing pipeline equipment that was incompatible with ethanol and expanding storage capacity at its Orlando terminal to handle ethanol shipments.  Kinder Morgan is responding to customer interest in ethanol blending. Our Florida

429

31 - Use of High-Strength Pipeline Steels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing demand for oil and gas worldwide requires the construction of high-pressure gas transmission lines with the greatest possible transport efficiency, so the tendency is toward using line pipe of larger diameter and for higher operation pressure, which leads to using higher strength steel grades to avoid large wall thickness. The materials being developed for subsea pipelines and risers are grades X70 and X80 for nonsour service and grades X65 and X70 with a wall thickness of up to 40 mm for sour service. In this chapter, the uses of high-strength steel for subsea pipelines, technological challenges, and solutions are reviewed. The potential benefits and disadvantages of high-strength steels are discussed.

Qiang Bai; Yong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Natural Gas as a Transportation Fuel: Benefits, Challenges, and Implementation (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation for the Clean Cities Website highlighting the benefits, challenges, and implementation considerations when utilizing natural gas as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Transitioning the Transportation Sector: Exploring the Intersection of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Natural Gas Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Agenda for the Transitioning the Transportation Sector--Exploring the Intersection of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Natural Gas Vehicles workshop held September 9, 2014.

432

Leakage Risk Assessment of CO2 Transportation by Pipeline at the Illinois Basin Decatur Project, Decatur, Illinois  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of CO 2 associated with carbon capture & storage projects:2 transportation for carbon capture and storage: sublimationin Gerard, W.A. , ed. , Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Mazzoldi, A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

KRS Chapter 278: Natural Gas (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KRS Chapter 278: Natural Gas (Kentucky) KRS Chapter 278: Natural Gas (Kentucky) KRS Chapter 278: Natural Gas (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Transportation Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Kentucky Public Service Commission The Public Service Commission may, by rule or order, authorize and require the transportation of natural gas in intrastate commerce by intrastate pipelines, or by local distribution companies with unused or excess capacity not needed to meet existing obligations of the pipeline or distribution company, for any person for one (1) or more uses, as defined by the commission by rule, in the case of:(a) Natural gas sold by a producer, pipeline or other seller to such person; or(b) Natural gas

435

Robotic equipment for pipeline repair  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperbaric welding provides the most reliable method for connection or repair of subsea oil and gas pipelines. Research on hyperbaric arc welding processes indicates that it should be possible to achieve stable welding conditions with Gas Tungsten Arc (GTA) to approximately 600m, and with Gas Metal Arc (GMA) and Plasma Arc to at least 1,000m. These depths are well beyond the limits of manned saturation diving. At the present time the limitation on the maximum depth to which these processes can be applied, in practice, is the requirement for completely diverless operation deeper than approximately 350m. Fully diverless hyperbaric welding is not presently available to the industry but several diverless pipeline repair systems which utilize mechanical connectors have been developed. This paper reviews the present status of mechanized hyperbaric welding systems currently being used in the North Sea and discusses some of the work being done to achieve fully diverless robotic pipeline repair with both welding and connectors.

Gibson, D.E.; Barratt, K.; Paterson, J. [National Hyperbaric Centre, Aberdeen (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

PIPELINES AS COMMUNICATION NETWORK LINKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an investigation into two methods of using the natural gas pipeline as a communication medium. The work addressed the need to develop secure system monitoring and control techniques between the field and control centers and to robotic devices in the pipeline. In the first method, the pipeline was treated as a microwave waveguide. In the second method, the pipe was treated as a leaky feeder or a multi-ground neutral and the signal was directly injected onto the metal pipe. These methods were tested on existing pipeline loops at UMR and Batelle. The results reported in this report indicate the feasibility of both methods. In addition, a few suitable communication link protocols for this network were analyzed.

Kelvin T. Erickson; Ann Miller; E. Keith Stanek; C.H. Wu; Shari Dunn-Norman

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

437

Update on pipeline repair methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comprehensive review of pipeline repair methods has been recently completed under the sponsorship of the American Gas Association`s, Pipeline Research Committee. This paper is intended to summarize the important results of that review. First and foremost, two relatively new methods of repair are reviewed. One involves the use of a continuous-fiber fiberglass composite material which can be applied as an alternative to a steel sleeve for the reinforcement of nonleaking defects. The second is the use of deposited weld metal to replace metal lost to external corrosion. This latter technique is not new in principle, but recent research has shown how it can be done safely on a pressurized pipeline. The other significant outcome of the comprehensive review was a set of guidelines for using all types of repairs including full-encirclement sleeves and repair clamps. Pipeline operators can use these guidelines to enhance their current repair procedures, or to train new personnel in maintenance techniques.

Kiefner, J.F. [Kiefner and Associates, Inc., Worthington, OH (United States); Bruce, W.A. [Edison Welding Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Stephens, D.R. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

438

Effective hardware for connection and repair of polyethylene pipelines using ultrasound modification and heat shrinking. Part 5. Aspects of thermistor couplings and components used in gas-pipeline repair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aspects of the use of effective hardware for thermistor couplings and components, which are used for thermistor welding in the repair of low- and medium-pressure polyethylene pipelines are investigated. Parameter...

A. E. Kolosov; O. S. Sakharov; V. I. Sivetskii…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Pipeline corridors through wetlands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary findings from six vegetational surveys of gas pipeline rights-of-way (ROW) through wetlands and quantifies the impacts of a 20-year-old pipeline ROW through a boreal forest wetland. Six sites of various ages were surveyed in ecosystems ranging from coastal marsh to forested wetland. At all sites except one, both the number and the percentage of wetland species on the Row approximated or exceeded those in the adjacent natural area. The boreal forest study showed that (1) adjacent natural wetland areas were not altered in type; (2) water sheet flow restriction had been reversed by nature; (3) no nonnative plant species invaded the natural area; (4) three-quarters of the ROW area was a wetland, and (5) the ROW increased diversity.

Zimmerman, R.E.; Wilkey, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Isaacson, H.R. (Gas Research Institute (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Pipeline corridors through wetlands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary findings from six vegetational surveys of gas pipeline rights-of-way (ROW) through wetlands and quantifies the impacts of a 20-year-old pipeline ROW through a boreal forest wetland. Six sites of various ages were surveyed in ecosystems ranging from coastal marsh to forested wetland. At all sites except one, both the number and the percentage of wetland species on the Row approximated or exceeded those in the adjacent natural area. The boreal forest study showed that (1) adjacent natural wetland areas were not altered in type; (2) water sheet flow restriction had been reversed by nature; (3) no nonnative plant species invaded the natural area; (4) three-quarters of the ROW area was a wetland, and (5) the ROW increased diversity.

Zimmerman, R.E.; Wilkey, P.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Isaacson, H.R. [Gas Research Institute (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

External corrosion assessment in a LNG pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 16 inch. diameter LNG pipeline which transports 54 MBPD between extraction and fractionation facilities located north-east of Venezuela, showed an accelerated external corrosion even though coating and cathodic protection had been used to protect it. A diagnosis of the external condition of the pipeline was addressed by matching the results obtained by using different techniques such as electromagnetic pigging, DC voltage gradient survey, close interval potential survey, soil classification and resistivity profiles along the pipeline. This paper discusses the factors evaluated to identify sections of the pipe where corrosion problems occurred under disbonded pipeline coating, which required immediate attention for coating rehabilitation.

Luciani, B.; Gutierrez, X. [Corpoven S.A., Caracas (Venezuela)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Fiber glass reinforcement wrap gets DOT nod for gas-line use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Panhandle Eastern Corp.'s Texas Eastern Transmission Corp. has become the first US natural-gas pipeline company to install, under federal waiver, a fiber glass reinforcement on an in-service gas pipeline. The Clock Spring repair system was installed in August on six segments of Texas Eastern's 20-in. gas pipeline in Fayette County, Ohio, after the company had received a US Department of Transportation (DOT) waiver to use the system in place of conventional DOT-mandated repair methods. The paper describes the conventional methods, as well as comparing costs of both methods.

Not Available

1993-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

443

Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Paraffin Wax in Pipelines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Paraffin wax deposition, or the settling of solid wax particles on pipelines and equipment, is an extensive problem encountered in oil production and transportation.… (more)

Stubsjøen, Marte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Criteria for selection of components for surrogates of natural gas and transportation fuels q  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Criteria for selection of components for surrogates of natural gas and transportation fuels q reserved. Keywords: Kerosene reaction mechanism; Gasoline reaction mechanism; Natural gas reaction found in minor amounts in natural gas [4]. The widely studied heptane reaction set [5,6] is often used a

Utah, University of

445

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oeanic abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Externality Regulation in Oil and Gas Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Externality Regulation in Oil and Gas Chapter 56 Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource Unitization: Compulsory unitization legislation enables a majority of producers on an oil or gas field resource, congestion exter- nality, minimum oil/gas ratio, monopsony power, pipeline transportation, no

Garousi, Vahid

449

NATURAL GAS FOR TRANSPORTATION OR ELECTRICITY? CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS Date: 27-Oct-11 Natural Gas For Transportation or Electricity? Climate Change Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projections of increased domestic supply, low prices, reduced reliance on foreign oil, and low environmental impacts are supporting the increased use of natural gas in the transportation and electricity sectors. For instance, a tax credit bill (H.R. 1380) introduced in the House earlier this year encourages natural gas use for transportation and anticipates reductions in greenhouse gases (GHGs) when it displaces gasoline and diesel. However, in reality, the amount of GHG emissions that can be reduced with natural gas is uncertain and depends on the end use. If natural gas displaces coal for electricity generation, GHG emissions are reduced by at least 45 % per kWh. But when natural gas is used as a transportation fuel there is up to a 35 % chance that emissions will increase and only a 3 % chance that it will even meet the emissions reductions mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) for corn ethanol. Given that future natural gas supply is limited, despite forecasts of increased domestic production, if one wants to be certain of reducing GHG emissions, then using natural gas to replace coalfired electricity is the best approach. Investigators at Carnegie Mellon University have conducted an analysis in the attached study (1) that highlights the following important findings. 1. High risk of policy failure: The use of compressed natural gas (CNG) instead of gasoline in cars and instead of diesel in buses does not lower GHG emissions significantly. In fact there is a 10-

Aranya Venkatesh; Paulina Jaramillo; W. Michael Griffin; H. Scott Matthews

450

Pipeline Safety (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Public Service Commission has the authority enact regulations pertaining to pipeline safety. These regulations address pipeline monitoring, inspections, enforcement, and penalties.

451

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group of research and industry experts focuses on issues related to the cost, safety, and reliability of hydrogen pipelines. Participants represent organizations...

452

Lynn Dahlberg, Director of Marketing, Williams Northwest Pipeline...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

as the Midwest does, for example, since it can rely heavily on existing hydroelectric power. In California, there is far more interstate natural gas pipeline...

453

DOE Launches Natural Gas Infrastructure R&D Program Enhancing Pipeline and Distribution System Operational Efficiency, Reducing Methane Emissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Following the White House and the Department of Energy Capstone Methane Stakeholder Roundtable on July 29th, DOE announced a series of actions, partnerships, and stakeholder commitments to help modernize the nation’s natural gas transmission and distribution systems and reduce methane emissions. Through common-sense standards, smart investments, and innovative research, DOE seeks to advance the state of the art in natural gas system performance. DOE’s effort is part of the larger Administration’s Climate Action Plan Interagency Strategy to Reduce Methane Emissions.

454

Pipeline refurbishing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel process for simultaneously removing deteriorated coatings (such as coal tar and asphalt enamel or tape) and providing surface preparation suitable for recoating has been developed for pipelines up to 36 in. (914 mm) in diameter. This patented device provides a near-white metal surface finish. Line travel or bell-hole operations are possible at rates up to 10 times conventional blasting techniques. This article describes development of a tool and machine that will remove pipeline coatings, including coal tar enamel and adhesive-backed plaster tape systems. After coating removal, the pipe surface is suitable for recoating and can be cleaned to a near-white metal finsh (Sa 2 1/2 or NACE No. 2) if desired. This cleaning system is especially useful where the new coating is incompatible with the coating to be removed, the new coating requires a near-white or better surface preparation, or no existing method has been found to remove the failed coating. This cleaning system can remove all generic coating systems including coal tar enamel, asphalt, adhesive-backed tape, fusion-bonded epoxy, polyester, and extruded polyethylene.

McConkey, S.E.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Coal log pipeline research at the University of Missouri. 3rd Quarterly report, July 1, 1993--September 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a research program on the transport of coal by formation of coal logs, and subsequent transport in pipelines. Separate projects within this program address questions on the formation of the coal logs, flow in pipelines, including slurry pipelines, interaction with water, wear in pipelines, and questions on economics and legal aspects.

Liu, H.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Ion transport membrane module and vessel system with directed internal gas flow  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an inlet adapted to introduce gas into the interior of the vessel, an outlet adapted to withdraw gas from the interior of the vessel, and an axis; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region; and (c) one or more gas flow control partitions disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and adapted to change a direction of gas flow within the vessel.

Holmes, Michael Jerome (Thompson, ND); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Chen, Christopher Ming-Poh (Allentown, PA)

2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

457

Landfill Gas Generation and Transport In Bioreactor Landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The activation gas and water flow each other in Bioreactor Landfill. Based on the porous media seepage and ... of water and waste components decomposition for describing landfill gas flow have been developed, and...

Qi-Lin Feng; Lei Liu; Qiang Xue; Ying Zhao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A Monte Carlo code describing the neutral gas transport in pipe configurations with attenuating media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-dimensional Monte Carlo description of the neutral gas transport in pipe configurations with almost arbitrary torsion and curvature is presented. To avoid quadratic or even transcendental expressions describing the pipe surfaces confining and ...

A. Nicolai

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Fact #749: October 15, 2012 Petroleum and Natural Gas Consumption for Transportation by State, 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The map below shows the amount of petroleum and natural gas consumed in the transportation sector by state for 2010. The pie charts for each state are scaled based on total consumption of petroleum...

460

Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Biomethane for Transport: Uncertainties and Allocation Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Employing a life-cycle assessment approach, this paper studies greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions resulting from biomethane used as transportation fuel. It focuses on both GHG allocation methodologies and uncertainties regarding GHG emissions from biomethane. ...

V. Uusitalo; J. Havukainen; V. Kapustina; R. Soukka; M. Horttanainen

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

New pipeline policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article outlines regulations addressing the sale, transportation, storage, and distribution of natural gas in Mexico. The regulations were issued in November 1995 by the Comision Reguladora de Energia. The major policy decisions of the regulations are summarized. The current role of Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), the state owned oil and gas entity, which formerly monopolized the Mexican industry, is discussed.

Schaefgen, J.R. Jr.; Colucci, D.M.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. In lieu of a field installation on an abandoned pipeline, a preliminary nondestructive testing protocol is being developed to determine the success or failure of the fiber-reinforced liner pipeline repairs. Optimization and validation activities for carbon-fiber repair methods are ongoing.

Bill Bruce; Nancy Porter; George Ritter; Matt Boring; Mark Lozev; Ian Harris; Bill Mohr; Dennis Harwig; Robin Gordon; Chris Neary; Mike Sullivan

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

463

Study on gas hydrates for the solid transportation of natural gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural gas hydrate typically contains 85 wt.% water and 15 wt.% natural gas, and commonly belongs to cubic structure I...3 solid hydrate contains up to 200 m3 of natural gas depending on pressure and temperature...

Nam-Jin Kim; Chong-Bo Kim

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Total Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals (Summary)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity...

465

Feed gas contaminant removal in ion transport membrane systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method for gas purification comprising (a) obtaining a feed gas stream containing one or more contaminants selected from the group consisting of volatile metal oxy-hydroxides, volatile metal oxides, and volatile silicon hydroxide; (b) contacting the feed gas stream with a reactive solid material in a guard bed and reacting at least a portion of the contaminants with the reactive solid material to form a solid reaction product in the guard bed; and (c) withdrawing from the guard bed a purified gas stream.

Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Miller, Christopher Francis (Macungie, PA)

2008-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

466

Biomass and Natural Gas to Liquid Transportation Fuels  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 1: New Developments and Hot Topics Session 1-D: Natural Gas & Biomass to Liquids Josephine Elia, Graduate Student, Princeton University

467

The modelling of biochemical-thermal coupling effect on gas generation and transport in MSW landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The landfill gas generation was investigated based on the theories of the thermodynamics, microbial dynamics and chemical dynamics. The coupling model was developed for describing the gas transport and heat release. And the relationship between the gas generation rate and the temperature was proposed. The parameters in the gas generation model were obtained by bioreactor test in order to evaluate the volume of gas production of the Erfeishan landfill in China. The simulation results shown that the operating life of the landfill will be overestimated if the model does not consider the thermal effect during degradation of the solid substrate.

Liu Lei; Liang Bing; Xue Qiang; Zhao Ying; Yang Chun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Aspen Pipeline | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aspen Pipeline Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aspen Pipeline Place: Houston, Texas Zip: 77057 Product: US firm which acquires, builds and owns pipelines, gathering systems and...

469

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Natural gas: Marine transportation. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, and operation of ships for the transport of liquified natural gas. Topics include safety devices, materials handling equipment for loading and unloading liquified natural gas, new hull and vessel designs, gas turbine propulsion systems, cargo tank designs and requirements, and liguid load dynamics. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Macroscopic transport models for rarefied gas flows: a brief review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......which has a non-negative production. For space reasons...considered to describe the gas on the macroscopic level...description of rarefied gas flows with Knudsen numbers...fraction of the numerical cost of microscopic solvers...available only for monatomic gases. Since most gases of......

Henning Struchtrup; Peyman Taheri

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Microsoft Word - Rockies Pipelines and Prices.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

07 07 1 September 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Natural Gas in the Rocky Mountains: Developing Infrastructure 1 Highlights * Recent natural gas spot market volatility in the Rocky Mountain States of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming has been the result of increased production while consumption and pipeline export capacity have remained limited. This Supplement analyzes current natural gas production, pipeline and storage infrastructure in the Rocky Mountains, as well as prospective pipeline projects in these States. * Natural gas reserves in the Rocky Mountain States account for nearly 22 percent of the total natural gas reserves in the United States, and are

473

Pipeline Carriers (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carriers (Montana) Carriers (Montana) Pipeline Carriers (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Institutional Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Program Info State Montana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider State of Montana Public Service Commission Pipeline carriers transporting crude petroleum, coal, the products of crude petroleum or coal, or carbon dioxide produced in the combustion or gasification of fossil fuels are required to abide by these regulations. The regulations address construction permits and the use of eminent domain by pipeline carriers, records and reporting, connection and interchange facilities, and the prohibition of discrimination in rates and service

474

Origin of a magnetic easy axis in pipeline steel L. Clapham,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Origin of a magnetic easy axis in pipeline steel L. Clapham,a) C. Heald, T. Krause, and D. L December 1998; accepted for publication 27 April 1999 Oil and gas pipelines are generally magnetically overlooked, the magnetic properties of oil and gas pipelines are an important consideration since the most

Clapham, Lynann

475

BENCHMARKING EMERGING PIPELINE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies To Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) September 2004 Final Report on Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies Cofunded by Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) by Stephanie A. Flamberg and Robert C. Gertler September 2004 BATTELLE 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201-2693 Neither Battelle, nor any person acting on their behalf: (1) Makes any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the

476

Chapter 14 - Pipeline Flow Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Risk assessment is the process of assessing risks and factors influencing the level of safety of a project. It involves researching how hazardous events or states develop and interact to cause an accident. The risk assessment effort should be tailored to the level and source of technical risk involved with the project and the project stage being considered. The assessment of technical risk will take different forms in different stages of the project. Pipeline flow risk mainly includes fluid leakage and blockage happening in the pipelines. This chapter describes the application of Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) for the blockage in the oil and gas pipelines.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Study of Multi-scale Transport Phenomena in Tight Gas and Shale Gas Reservoir Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These challenges have impeded efficient economic development of shale resources. New fundamental insights and tools are needed to improve the state of shale gas development. Few attempts have been made to model the compositional behavior of fluids in shale gas...

Freeman, Craig Matthew

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

478

NewPipeline-Robot-Power-Source.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Power Sources for Power Sources for Inspection Robots in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines By Shreekant B. Malvadkar and Edward L. Parsons Office of Systems & Policy Support INTRODUCTION Strategic Center of Natural gas's (SCNG) Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability Product Team has undertaken the development of a prototype robot that would inspect and possibly repair transmission pipelines. NETL has granted a contract for this purpose to New York Gas Group (NYGAS) and Carnegie Mellon University's (CMU) National Robotics Engineering Consortium (NREC). The purpose of this study is to analyze various onboard power supply options for such a commercially viable robot that can operate in a transmission pipeline for extended period. The primary power sources considered are wind turbines, rechargeable batteries,

479

EIS-0139: Trans-Alaska Gas System Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EIS analyzes the Yukon Pacific Corporation (YPC) proposed construction of the Trans-Alaska Gas System (TAGS) a 796.5 mile long 36-inch diameter pipeline to transport High Pressured Natural Gas between Prudhoe Bay and a Tidewater terminal and LNG Plant near Anderson Bay, AK.

480

Pipeline Construction Guidelines (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Division of Pipeline Safety of the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission regulates the construction of any segment of an interstate pipeline on privately owned land in Indiana. The division has...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gas pipeline transportation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Keystone XL pipeline update  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Questions have been raised recently about the Keystone XL pipeline project, so we wanted to make some points clear.

482

Pipeline operation and safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safety is central to the prosperity of the pipeline industry and the need to maintain high standards of the safety at all times is of paramount importance. Therefore, a primary concern of pipeline operator is adequate supervision and the control of the operation of pipelines. Clearly defined codes of practice, standards and maintenance schedules are necessary if protection is to be afforded to the pipeline system employees, the public at large, and the environment.

Tadors, M.K. [Petroleum Pipelines Co., Cairo (Egypt)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two broad categories of deposited weld metal repair and fiber-reinforced composite liner repair technologies were reviewed for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Preliminary test programs were developed for both deposited weld metal repair and for fiber-reinforced composite liner repair. Evaluation trials have been conducted using a modified fiber-reinforced composite liner provided by RolaTube and pipe sections without liners. All pipe section specimens failed in areas of simulated damage. Pipe sections containing fiber-reinforced composite liners failed at pressures marginally greater than the pipe sections without liners. The next step is to evaluate a liner material with a modulus of elasticity approximately 95% of the modulus of elasticity for steel. Preliminary welding parameters were developed for deposited weld metal repair in preparation of the receipt of Pacific Gas & Electric's internal pipeline welding repair system (that was designed specifically for 559 mm (22 in.) diameter pipe) and the receipt of 559 mm (22 in.) pipe sections from Panhandle Eastern. The next steps are to transfer welding parameters to the PG&E system and to pressure test repaired pipe sections to failure. A survey of pipeline operators was conducted to better understand the needs and performance requirements of the natural gas transmission industry regarding internal repair. Completed surveys contained the following principal conclusions: (1) Use of internal weld repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling (HDD) when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) Pipe diameter sizes range from 50.8 mm (2 in.) through 1,219.2 mm (48 in.). The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm to 762 mm (20 in. to 30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. An evaluation of potential repair methods clearly indicates that the project should continue to focus on the development of a repair process involving the use of GMAW welding and on the development of a repair process involving the use of fiber-reinforced composite liners.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

484

RETROSPECTIVE: Software Pipelining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- cialized hardware designed to support software pipelining. In the meantime, trace scheduling was touted compiler with software pipelining for the polycyclic architecture, which had a novel crossbar whose crossRETROSPECTIVE: Software Pipelining: An Effective Scheduling Technique for VLIW Machines Monica S

Pratt, Vaughan

485

Natural gas monthly, July 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents information pertaining to the natural gas industry. Data are included on production, consumption, distribution, and pipeline activities.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford DOE Considers Natural Gas Utility Service Options: Proposal Includes 30-mile Natural Gas Pipeline from Pasco to Hanford January 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE , (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is considering natural gas transportation and distribution requirements to support the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and evaporator operations at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. DOE awarded a task order worth up to $5 million to the local, licensed supplier of natural gas in the Hanford area, Cascade Natural Gas Corporation (Cascade). Cascade will support DOE and its Environmental

487

Constructing a Model Transport Equation for a Massless Bose Gas and its Analytic Solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model kinetic equation is constructed for the transport of a massless Bose gas. This equation is applied to solution of the boundary value problem for the transport of radiation in the half-space occupied by a dispersive medium that is in local thermal equilibrium with the radiation. It is shown that the difference in temperature between the dispersive medium and the incident radiation depends substantially on the character of the scattering properties of the particles of the medium.

A. V. Latyshev; A. A. Yushkanov

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

488

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. The first round of optimization and validation activities for carbon-fiber repairs are complete. Development of a comprehensive test plan for this process is recommended for use in the field trial portion of this program.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; George Ritter; Bill Mohr; Matt Boring; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. Development of a comprehensive test plan for this process is recommended for use in the field trial portion of this program.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; George Ritter; Bill Mohr; Matt Boring; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

490

Opportunities for Synergy Between Natural Gas and Renewable Energy in the Electric Power and Transportation Sectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of both natural gas and renewable energy has grown significantly in recent years. Both forms of energy have been touted as key elements of a transition to a cleaner and more secure energy future, but much of the current discourse considers each in isolation or concentrates on the competitive impacts of one on the other. This paper attempts, instead, to explore potential synergies of natural gas and renewable energy in the U.S. electric power and transportation sectors.

Lee, A.; Zinaman, O.; Logan, J.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Improving the Accuracy of Vehicle Emissions Profiles for Urban Transportation Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Inventories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improving the Accuracy of Vehicle Emissions Profiles for Urban Transportation Greenhouse Gas and Air Pollution Inventories ... Metropolitan greenhouse gas and air emissions inventories can better account for the variability in vehicle movement, fleet composition, and infrastructure that exists within and between regions, to develop more accurate information for environmental goals. ... Older vehicles tend to have higher levels of CAP not only because of less-advanced pollution control technology, but also because of the deterioration of aging control systems. ...

Janet L. Reyna; Mikhail V. Chester; Soyoung Ahn; Andrew M. Fraser

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Transport Membrane Condenser for Water and Energy Recovery from Power Plant Flue Gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new waste heat and water recovery technology based on a nanoporous ceramic membrane vapor separation mechanism has been developed for power plant flue gas application. The recovered water vapor and its latent heat from the flue gas can increase the power plant boiler efficiency and reduce water consumption. This report describes the development of the Transport Membrane Condenser (TMC) technology in details for power plant flue gas application. The two-stage TMC design can achieve maximum heat and water recovery based on practical power plant flue gas and cooling water stream conditions. And the report includes: Two-stage TMC water and heat recovery system design based on potential host power plant coal fired flue gas conditions; Membrane performance optimization process based on the flue gas conditions, heat sink conditions, and water and heat transport rate requirement; Pilot-Scale Unit design, fabrication and performance validation test results. Laboratory test results showed the TMC system can exact significant amount of vapor and heat from the flue gases. The recovered water has been tested and proved of good quality, and the impact of SO{sub 2} in the flue gas on the membrane has been evaluated. The TMC pilot-scale system has been field tested with a slip stream of flue gas in a power plant to prove its long term real world operation performance. A TMC scale-up design approach has been investigated and an economic analysis of applying the technology has been performed.

Dexin Wang

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

Pipeline integrity programs help optimize resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America has developed an integrity program. NGPL operates approximately 13,000 miles of large-diameter parallel gas pipelines, which extend from traditional supply areas to the Chicago area. Line Number 1, the 24-in. Amarillo-to-Chicago mainline, was built in 1931, and parts of it are still in operation today. More than 85% of the NGPL systems is more than 25 years old, and continues to provide very reliable service. The company operated for many years with specialized crews dedicated to pipeline systems, and a corrosion department. Under this organization, employees developed an intimate knowledge of the pipeline and related integrity issues. NGPL relied on this knowledge to develop its integrity program. The risk assessment program is a very valuable tool for identifying areas that may need remedial work. However, it is composed of many subjective evaluations and cannot predict failure nor ensure good performance. The program is an excellent data management tool that enables a pipeline operator to combine all available information needed to make integrity decisions. The integrity of a pipeline is continually changing, and any program should be updated on a regular basis.

Dusek, P.J. (Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, Lombard, IL (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

http://tti.tamu.edu Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://tti.tamu.edu Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation >>> Transportation operat > Freight traffic > Commodities > Travel time > Travel demand > http

495

KINETICS OF HOT-GAS DESULFURIZATION SORBENTS FOR TRANSPORT REACTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hot-gas desulfurization for the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) process has been investigated by many researchers to remove effectively hydrogen sulfide with various metal oxide sorbents at elevated temperatures. Various metal oxide sorbents are formulated with metal oxides such as Fe, Co, Zn, and Ti. Initial reaction kinetics of formulated sorbents with hydrogen sulfide is studied in the presence of various amounts of moisture and hydrogen at various reaction temperatures. The objectives of this research are to study initial reaction kinetics for a sorbent-hydrogen sulfide heterogeneous reaction system, to investigate effects of concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen, and moisture on dynamic absorption of H{sub 2}S into sorbents, and to evaluate effects of temperature and sorbent amounts on dynamic absorption of H{sub 2}S into sorbents. Experimental data on initial reaction kinetics of hydrogen sulfide with metal oxide sorbents were obtained with a 0.83-cm{sup 3} differential reactor. In this report, the reactivity of AHI-5 was examined. This sorbent was obtained from the Research Triangle Institute (RTI). The sorbent in the form of 70 {micro}m particles are reacted with 9000-18000 ppm hydrogen sulfide at 350-500 C. The range of space time of reaction gas mixtures is 0.071-0.088 s. The range of reaction duration is 4-10800 s.

K.C. Kwon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

States, acquire natural gas from foreign producers for resale States, acquire natural gas from foreign producers for resale in the United States, or sell U.S. gas to foreign consumers. OGSM encompasses domestic crude oil and natural gas supply by both conventional and nonconventional recovery techniques. Nonconventional recovery includes unconventional gas recovery from low permeability formations of sandstone and shale, and coalbeds. Foreign gas transactions may occur via either pipeline (Canada or Mexico) or transport ships as liquefied natural gas (LNG). Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2006 89 Figure 7. Oil and Gas Supply Model Regions Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting. Report #:DOE/EIA-0554(2006) Release date: March 2006

497

Overview of the design, construction, and operation of interstate liquid petroleum pipelines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. liquid petroleum pipeline industry is large, diverse, and vital to the nation's economy. Comprised of approximately 200,000 miles of pipe in all fifty states, liquid petroleum pipelines carried more than 40 million barrels per day, or 4 trillion barrel-miles, of crude oil and refined products during 2001. That represents about 17% of all freight transported in the United States, yet the cost of doing so amounted to only 2% of the nation's freight bill. Approximately 66% of domestic petroleum transport (by ton-mile) occurs by pipeline, with marine movements accounting for 28% and rail and truck transport making up the balance. In 2004, the movement of crude petroleum by domestic federally regulated pipelines amounted to 599.6 billion tonmiles, while that of petroleum products amounted to 315.9 billion ton-miles (AOPL 2006). As an illustration of the low cost of pipeline transportation, the cost to move a barrel of gasoline from Houston, Texas, to New York Harbor is only 3 cents per gallon, which is a small fraction of the cost of gasoline to consumers. Pipelines may be small or large, up to 48 inches in diameter. Nearly all of the mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline components such as pump stations are above ground. Some lines are as short as a mile, while others may extend 1,000 miles or more. Some are very simple, connecting a single source to a single destination, while others are very complex, having many sources, destinations, and interconnections. Many pipelines cross one or more state boundaries (interstate), while some are located within a single state (intrastate), and still others operate on the Outer Continental Shelf and may or may not extend into one or more states. U.S. pipelines are located in coastal plains, deserts, Arctic tundra, mountains, and more than a mile beneath the water's surface of the Gulf of Mexico (Rabinow 2004; AOPL 2006). The network of crude oil pipelines in the United States is extensive. There are approximately 55,000 miles of crude oil trunk lines (usually 8 to 24 inches in diameter) in the United States that connect regional markets. The United States also has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 miles of small gathering lines (usually 2 to 6 inches in diameter) located primarily in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Wyoming, with small systems in a number of other oil producing states. These small lines gather the oil from many wells, both onshore and offshore, and connect to larger trunk lines measuring 8 to 24 inches in diameter. There are approximately 95,000 miles of refined products pipelines nationwide. Refined products pipelines are found in almost every state in the United States, with the exception of some New England states. These refined product pipelines vary in size from relatively small, 8- to 12-inch-diameter lines, to up to 42 inches in diameter. The overview of pipeline design, installation, and operation provided in the following sections is only a cursory treatment. Readers interested in more detailed discussions are invited to consult the myriad engineering publications available that provide such details. The two primary publications on which the following discussions are based are: Oil and Gas Pipeline Fundamentals (Kennedy 1993) and the Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook (McAllister 2002). Both are recommended references for additional reading for those requiring additional details. Websites maintained by various pipeline operators also can provide much useful information, as well as links to other sources of information. In particular, the website maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) (http://www.eia.doe.gov) is recommended. An excellent bibliography on pipeline standards and practices, including special considerations for pipelines in Arctic climates, has been published jointly by librarians for the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company (operators of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System [TAPS]) and the Geophysical Institute/International Arctic Research Center, both located in Fairbanks (Barboza and Trebelhorn 2001)

Pharris, T. C.; Kolpa, R. L.

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

498

Rapid Ammonia Gas Transport Accounts for Futile Transmembrane Cycling under NH3/NH4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid Ammonia Gas Transport Accounts for Futile Transmembrane Cycling under NH3/NH4 + Toxicity) seedlings is predominately of the gaseous NH3 species, rather than the NH4 + ion. Influx of 13 NH3/13 NH4 + , which exceeded 200 mmol g­1 h­1 , was not commensurate with membrane depolarization or increases in root

Britto, Dev T.

499

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Propulsion Alternative Fuels and Power Notes MarineMarine diesel oil (MDO), Liquefied natural gas (LNG), Wind power (sails) Aviation Airframe Design and PropulsionMarine Transportation (Based on Authors’ Calculations Using Multiple Sources, see Text and Table 4) Operations Aircraft/Ship and Propulsion

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Vehicle Technologies Office: Transitioning the Transportation Sector- Exploring the Intersection of H2 Fuel Cell and Natural Gas Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The "Transitioning the Transportation Sector: Exploring the Intersection of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Natural Gas Vehicles" workshop report by Sandia National Laboratory summarizes a workshop that discussed common opportunities and challenges in expanding the use of hydrogen (H2) and natural gas (CNG or LNG) as transportation fuels.