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  1. Grove Theatre | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Grove Theatre Grove Theatre Oak Ridgers learn about their role in ending the war

  2. Leslie Groves - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the United States Army for his outstanding leadership during the project. After World War II ended, and the secrets about making atomic bombs weren't secret anymore, Groves ...

  3. General Groves takes charge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Groves had fixed all the major problems holding up progress. He had obtained the highest credit rating possible, purchased Site X and secured the needed uranium ore. Next he began...

  4. CERES: Cultivating Innovation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hamilton, Richard (CERES, President and CEO)

    2014-04-11

    CERES, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has rethought biofuels from the ground up. Their forward thinking approach to overcoming the traditional barriers for biofuels has resulted in creating high biomass feedstocks for switchgrass, sorghum, and miscanthus varietals. These new breeds grow taller and thicker on traditionally low rent farmland that doesn't compete with corn or other food crops.

  5. CERES: Cultivating Innovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, Richard

    2014-03-06

    CERES, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has rethought biofuels from the ground up. Their forward thinking approach to overcoming the traditional barriers for biofuels has resulted in creating high biomass feedstocks for switchgrass, sorghum, and miscanthus varietals. These new breeds grow taller and thicker on traditionally low rent farmland that doesn't compete with corn or other food crops.

  6. EcoGrove Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EcoGrove Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name EcoGrove Wind Farm Facility EcoGrove Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  7. Elk Grove, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Registered Energy Companies in Elk Grove, California Ardent Energy Group Inc Spectrum Energy Inc SEI Energy Generation Facilities in Elk Grove, California Bruceville Road...

  8. City of Spring Grove, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grove, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Spring Grove Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 507-498-5221 Website: www.springgrove.govoffice.com Outage...

  9. Manhattan Project: Groves and the MED, 1942

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Colonel James Marshall, 1946 GROVES AND THE MED (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 The summer of 1942 proved to be a troublesome one for the fledgling bomb project. Colonel James C. Marshall (right) received the assignment of directing the Laboratory for the Development of Substitute Metals, or DSM, the

  10. Ceres: Making Biofuels Bigger and Better | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ceres: Making Biofuels Bigger and Better Ceres: Making Biofuels Bigger and Better February 15, 2013 - 3:00pm Addthis A Ceres researcher evaluates the performance of biofuel crops. | Photo courtesy of Ceres, Inc. A Ceres researcher evaluates the performance of biofuel crops. | Photo courtesy of Ceres, Inc. Andrew Gumbiner Contractor, Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy. ARPA-E Summit Information You can see the listing of participating companies here. To learn more and register for the

  11. Twin Groves II (08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    8) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Groves II (08) Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves II (08) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  12. Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    7) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Twin Groves II (07) Wind Farm Facility Twin Groves II (07) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  13. Ceres Power Holdings Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Holdings Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ceres Power Holdings Plc Place: Crawley, England, United Kingdom Zip: RH10 1SS Product: UK-based product development company...

  14. CERES progress report: Phases 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dannevik, W.P.; Ambrosiano, J.; Kercher, J.; Penner, J.E.; Emanuel, W.

    1994-05-27

    The CERES project represents a long-term commitment of LLNL`s Global Climate Research Division to the EPA. The goal is to build an Earth System Model (ESM) with the ability in the near future to assist EPA in carrying out its responsibilities in the environmental policy and assessment arena, with particular emphasis on the terrestrial ecosystem components of the Earth system. There are two complementary aspects of the CERES development plan. The first is to provide a computational framework and modeling infrastructure for ESM development. The goal is to create an ``open architecture`` enabling submodels from different research groups studying terrestrial ecosystems to become part of a fully-coupled model of the Earth`s climate system. The second goal is to contribute fundamentally to understanding of the terrestrial component of the Earth system by developing advanced models. During this first phase of the CERES project, these two activities have been somewhat separate; the software engineering and framework building activity having been done in parallel with terrestrial model development. These two activities are merging as the framework becomes more mature, with robust software tools, and with a growing complement of tuned and benchmarked submodels and as the ecosystem models become fully incorporated into the ESM modeling framework. Two appendices contain the following papers: (1) ``Research Recommendations to the EPA in Support of Earth System Modeling Activities,`` LLNL CERES project report; and (2) ``Progress Report on Terrestrial Model Development: Research in Support of the CERES Earth System Modeling Project,`` LLNL CERES project report.

  15. Blooming Grove, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Incorporated place and minor civil division population dataset (All States, all geography) Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBloomingGrove,Wisconsin&ol...

  16. Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates through Conservation Services Department. Rebates vary based on technology, and are available to residential, commercial, and/or...

  17. Lilienthal and Groves comments on CEW transfer to AEC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This January 2, 1947, article contained quotes from David Lilienthal, first Chair- man of the Atomic Energy Commission, and Major General Leslie Groves when the Atomic Energy...

  18. Forest Grove, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Forest Grove, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.5198364, -123.1106631 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  19. Lemon Grove, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lemon Grove, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.7425516, -117.0314172 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  20. Elk Grove Village, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    district.12 Registered Energy Companies in Elk Grove Village, Illinois Lime Energy formerly Electric City Corporation References US Census Bureau Incorporated...

  1. Green Grove, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grove, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9055292, -90.5068824 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservi...

  2. Lake Grove, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grove, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.8528761, -73.1151102 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservic...

  3. ARPA-E Innovators: CERES | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovators: CERES ARPA-E Innovators: CERES February 27, 2013 - 12:40pm Addthis Quentin Kruger Quentin Kruger Former Multimedia Producer, contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy CERES: Cultivating Innovation from DOE ARPA-E on Vimeo. CERES, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has rethought biofuels from the ground up. Their forward thinking approach to overcoming the traditional barriers for biofuels has resulted in creating high biomass feedstocks for switchgrass, sorghum, and miscanthus

  4. Linn Grove, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Linn Grove is a city in Buena Vista County, Iowa. It falls under Iowa's 5th congressional district.12 References ...

  5. Oak Grove, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Oak Grove is a town in Kaufman County, Texas. It falls under Texas's 5th congressional district.12 References...

  6. Beech Grove, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Beech Grove is a city in Marion County, Indiana. It falls under Indiana's 7th congressional district.12 References...

  7. Franklin Grove, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Franklin Grove is a village in Lee County, Illinois. It falls under Illinois' 14th congressional district.12...

  8. Cedar Grove, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Essex County, New Jersey.1 References US Census Bureau 2005 Place to 2006 CBSA Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCedarGrove,NewJersey&oldid229691...

  9. Willow Grove, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Willow Grove is a census-designated place in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.1 References US Census Bureau 2005 Place to 2006 CBSA...

  10. Washington Grove, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Washington Grove is a town in Montgomery County, Maryland. It falls under Maryland's 8th congressional district.12...

  11. Manhattan Project: Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer Home Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 > Groves and the MED, 1942 Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 > Implosion Becomes A Necessity, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944 Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 > Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Science > In the Laboratory > Los Alamos Organization and Management, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 1942-1946 Resources > Photo Gallery Leslie

  12. Final work plan : environmental site investigation at Sylvan Grove, Kansas.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaFreniere, L. M.

    2012-07-15

    In 1998, carbon tetrachloride was found above the maximum contaminant level (MCL) of 5 {micro}g/L in groundwater from one private livestock well at Sylvan Grove, Kansas, by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE). The 1998 KDHE sampling was conducted under the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) private well sampling program. The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), a USDA agency, operated a grain storage facility in Sylvan Grove from 1954 to1966. Carbon tetrachloride is the contaminant of primary concern at sites associated with former CCC/USDA grain storage operations. Sylvan Grove is located in western Lincoln County, approximately 60 mi west of Salina (Figure 1.1). To determine whether the former CCC/USDA facility at Sylvan Grove is a potential contaminant source and its possible relationship to the contamination in groundwater, the CCC/USDA has agreed to conduct an investigation, in accordance with the Intergovernmental Agreement between the KDHE and the Farm Service Agency (FSA) of the USDA. This Work Plan presents historical data related to previous investigations, grain storage operations, local private wells and public water supply (PWS) wells, and local geologic and hydrogeologic conditions at Sylvan Grove. The findings from a review of all available documents are discussed in Section 2. On the basis of the analyses of historical data, the following specific technical objectives are proposed for the site investigation at Sylvan Grove: (1) Evaluate the potential source of carbon tetrachloride at the former CCC/USDA facility; (2) Determine the relationship of potential contamination (if present) at the former CCC/USDA facility to contamination identified in 1998 in groundwater samples from one private well to the west; and (3) Delineate the extent of potential contamination associated with the former CCC/USDA facility. The detailed scope of work is outlined in Section 3. The results of the proposed work will provide the basis for determining what future CCC/USDA actions may be necessary, with the ultimate goal of achieving classification of the Sylvan Grove site at no further action status. The proposed activities are to be performed on behalf of the CCC/USDA by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory, a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by the UChicago Argonne, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy. Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA concerning environmental site characterization and remediation at former grain storage facilities. Argonne issued a Master Work Plan (Argonne 2002) that has been approved by the KDHE. The Master Work Plan describes the general scope of all investigations at former CCC/USDA facilities in Kansas and provides guidance for these investigations. That document should be consulted for the complete details of plans for work associated with the former CCC/USDA facility at Sylvan Grove.

  13. Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... MILITARY GROVE HAMILTONMSD BIG CR EEKALD TAYLOR CREEK COAL DEGAS MAT UBBY CREEK ... Authors: Sam Limerick (1), Lucy Luo (1), Gary Long (2), David Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin ...

  14. Validation and Spatiotemporal Analysis of CERES Surface Net Radiation Product

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jia, Aolin; Jiang, Bo; Liang, Shunlin; Zhang, Xiaotong; Ma, Han

    2016-01-23

    The Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) generates one of the few global satellite radiation products. The CERES ARM Validation Experiment (CAVE) has been providing long-term in situ observations for the validation of the CERES products. However, the number of these sites is low and their distribution is globally sparse, and particularly the surface net radiation product has not been rigorously validated yet. Therefore, additional validation efforts are highly required to determine the accuracy of the CERES radiation products. In this study, global land surface measurements were comprehensively collected for use in the validation of the CERES netmore » radiation (Rn) product on a daily (340 sites) and a monthly (260 sites) basis, respectively. The validation results demonstrated that the CERES Rn product was, overall, highly accurate. The daily validations had a Mean Bias Error (MBE) of 3.43 W·m−2, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 33.56 W·m−2, and R2 of 0.79, and the monthly validations had an MBE of 3.40 W·m−2, RMSE of 25.57 W·m−2, and R2 of 0.84. The accuracy was slightly lower for the high latitudes. Following the validation, the monthly CERES Rn product, from March 2000 to July 2014, was used for a further analysis. We analysed the global spatiotemporal variation of the Rn, which occurred during the measurement period. In addition, two hot spot regions, the southern Great Plains and south-central Africa, were then selected for use in determining the driving factors or attribution of the Rn variation. We determined that Rn over the southern Great Plains decreased by −0.33 W·m−2 per year, which was mainly driven by changes in surface green vegetation and precipitation. In south-central Africa, Rn decreased at a rate of −0.63 W·m−2 per year, the major driving factor of which was surface green vegetation.« less

  15. The Round Robin Program: Ground Motion in the Vicinity of the Grove Event

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect The Round Robin Program: Ground Motion in the Vicinity of the Grove Event Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Round Robin Program: Ground Motion in the Vicinity of the Grove Event Five Round Robin stations were installed in an easterly line on grove, and, in addition, data are provided form a Round Robin type canister placed at a pore pressure measuring station on another line. Almost all of the gages performed well Authors: Long, J. W.

  16. COLLOQUIUM: Worlds Seen for the First Time - Ceres and Pluto | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab 29, 2015, 4:00pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Worlds Seen for the First Time - Ceres and Pluto Dr. James Green NASA This year, planetary spacecraft will visit two significant bodies in the solar system. These bodies are the dwarf planets Ceres and Pluto. Ceres was first discovered in 1801 and thought to be a planet. It was only realized 50 years later that Ceres was a member of a huge number of objects in what we now know as the asteroid belt. The Dawn

  17. Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... MILITARY GROVE HAMILTONMSD BIG CR EEKALD TAYLOR CREEK COAL D EGAS MAT UBBY CREEK ... Authors: Sam Limerick (1), Lucy Luo (1), Gary Long (2), David Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin ...

  18. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... MILITARY GROVE HAMILTONMSD BIG CR EEKALD TAYLOR CREEK COAL D EGAS MAT UBBY CREEK ... Authors: Sam Limerick (1), Lucy Luo (1), Gary Long (2), David Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin ...

  19. Fan System Optimization Improves Production and Saves Energy at Ash Grove Cement Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-05-01

    This case study describes an optimization project implemented on a fan system at Ash Grove Cement Company, which led to annual energy and maintenance savings of $16,000 and 175,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh).

  20. Validation of the ARchived CERES Surface and Atmosphere Radiation Budget at SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Archived CERES Surface and Atmosphere Radiation Budget at SGP T. P. Charlock National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia F. G. Rose and D. A. Rutan Analytical Services and Materials Inc. Hampton, Virginia Introduction The Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Surface and Atmosphere Radiation Budget (SARB) product (Charlock et al. 2002) includes the vertical profile of broadband shortwave (SW), broadband longwave (LW), and 8-12 micron window

  1. Joseph M. Groves | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Joseph M. Groves Deputy Director for Science Programs Deputy Director Home Mission & Functions Deputy Director Biography Organization Staff Presentations & Testimony Federal Advisory Committees Committees of Visitors Contact Information Deputy Director for Science Programs U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 F: (202) 586-4120 E: Email Us U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence

  2. Improved ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data D. R. Doelling and M. M. Khaiyer Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction The radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) is a quantity of fundamental importance to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Thus, it is necessary to measure the radiation budget components, broadband

  3. Validation of CERES/SARB Data Product Using ARM Surface Flux Observations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CERES/SARB Data Product Using ARM Surface Flux Observations D. A. Rutan Analytical Services and Materials Inc. Hampton, Virginia T. P. Charlock National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction This paper uses surface observed broadband fluxes from Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP), ARM Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), and a number of other sites to validate model results from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant

  4. Radiological Survey Data for 38 Grove Avenue, Rochelle Park, l'lew Jersey

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    sEP 4 1984 l,lE-24 Radiological Survey Data for 38 Grove Avenue, Rochelle Park, l'lew Jersey E . L . K e l l e r , D i r e c t o r T e c h n i c a l S e r v i c e s D i v i s i o n 0ak Ridge Operations 0ffice The radiological survey data for the subject vicinity property has been reviewed by-the Divislbn of Remedial Action Proiects personnel. . Based on these data and the reasons stated ln your memorandum to DeLaney/ldhitman dated 8l?7184, we concur in the proposed remedial action at the subiect

  5. Performance and evaluation of gas-engine-driven split-system cooling equipment at the Willow Grove Naval Air Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, P.R.; Schmelzer, J.R.

    1997-01-01

    DOE`s Federal Energy Management Program supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenditures within the federal sector; one such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP)(formerly the Test Bed Demonstration program), seeks to evaluate new energy saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the federal government. This report describes the field evaluation conducted to examine the performance of a 15-ton natural-gas-engine- driven, split-system, air-conditioning unit. The unit was installed at a multiple-use building at Willow Grove Naval Air Station, a regular and reserve training facility north of Philadelphia, and its performance was monitored under the NTDP.

  6. Performance and evaluation of gas engine driven rooftop air conditioning equipment at the Willow Grove (PA) Naval Air Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, P.R.; Conover, D.R.

    1993-05-01

    In a field evaluation conducted for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the performance of a new US energy-related technology under the FEMP Test Bed Demonstration Program. The technology was a 15-ton natural gas engine driven roof top air conditioning unit. Two such units were installed on a naval retail building to provide space conditioning to the building. Under the Test Bed Demonstration Program, private and public sector interests are focused to support the installation and evaluation of new US technologies in the federal sector. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with DOE were the American Gas Cooling Center, Philadelphia Electric Company, Thermo King Corporation, and the US Naval Air Station at Willow Grove, Pennsylvania. Equipment operating and service data as well as building interior and exterior conditions were secured for the 1992 cooling season. Based on a computer assessment of the building using standard weather data, a comparison was made with the energy and operating costs associated with the previous space conditioning system. Based on performance during the 1992 cooling season and adjusted to a normal weather year, the technology will save the site $6,000/yr in purchased energy costs. An additional $9,000 in savings due to electricity demand ratchet charge reductions will also be realized. Detailed information on the technology, the installation, and the results of the technology test are provided to illustrate the advantages to the federal sector of using this technology. A history of the CRADA development process is also reported.

  7. Performance and evaluation of gas engine driven rooftop air conditioning equipment at the Willow Grove (PA) Naval Air Station. Interim report, 1992 cooling season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, P.R.; Conover, D.R.

    1993-05-01

    In a field evaluation conducted for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the performance of a new US energy-related technology under the FEMP Test Bed Demonstration Program. The technology was a 15-ton natural gas engine driven roof top air conditioning unit. Two such units were installed on a naval retail building to provide space conditioning to the building. Under the Test Bed Demonstration Program, private and public sector interests are focused to support the installation and evaluation of new US technologies in the federal sector. Participating in this effort under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with DOE were the American Gas Cooling Center, Philadelphia Electric Company, Thermo King Corporation, and the US Naval Air Station at Willow Grove, Pennsylvania. Equipment operating and service data as well as building interior and exterior conditions were secured for the 1992 cooling season. Based on a computer assessment of the building using standard weather data, a comparison was made with the energy and operating costs associated with the previous space conditioning system. Based on performance during the 1992 cooling season and adjusted to a normal weather year, the technology will save the site $6,000/yr in purchased energy costs. An additional $9,000 in savings due to electricity demand ratchet charge reductions will also be realized. Detailed information on the technology, the installation, and the results of the technology test are provided to illustrate the advantages to the federal sector of using this technology. A history of the CRADA development process is also reported.

  8. Pioneer Grove | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Acciona Energy Energy Purchaser Central Iowa Power Cooperative Location Mechanicsville IA Coordinates 41.85086289, -91.23407364 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  9. Wilders Grove Solid Waste Services Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objective: Provide demonstration of Geothermal Heat Pumps viability on energy usage for future Service Centers planned by the City of Raleigh and other similar facilities in the southeast.

  10. Camp Grove Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner OEG (Orion Energy Group) Developer OEG (Orion Energy Group) Energy Purchaser AEP-Appalachian...

  11. Cedar Grove, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mexico: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.1708774, -106.1900242 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"goog...

  12. Twin Groves Wind Energy Facility Cut-in Speeds

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A SYNTHESIS OF OPERATIONAL MITIGATION STUDIES TO REDUCE BAT FATALITIES AT WIND ENERGY FACILITIES IN NORTH AMERICA Prepared for: The National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 Prepared by: Edward B. Arnett 1 , Gregory D. Johnson 2 , Wally P. Erickson 2 , and Cris D. Hein 3 1 Theordore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership 2 Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc. 3 Bat Conservation International March 2013 CITATION Arnett, E. B., G. D. Johnson, W. P. Erickson, and C.

  13. Twin Groves Wind Energy Facility Cut-in Speeds

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Austin, Texas. http:www.batsandwind.orgpdfar2004.pdf Arnett, E.B., K. Brown, W.P. Erickson, J. Fiedler, B.L. Hamilton, T.H. Henry, A. Jain, G.D. Johnson, J. Kerns, R.R. ...

  14. General Groves and Ernest O. Lawrence visit 9731

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    first tangible product producing equipment. They did not really know what to expect. So, personal inspection of the operation was a must to fully understand what was going on. One...

  15. Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    95C368.15 K 203 F 662.67 R 1 USGS Estimated Reservoir Volume: 1 km 1 USGS Mean Capacity: 4 MW 1 Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and...

  16. Ceres BioVentures Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    biomass supply solutions to European power and heat markets. It controls the entire supply chain to deliver reliable, repeatable and certifiably sustainable volumes in...

  17. Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NETT LETON ABERD EEN E TAYLOR CREEK COAL DEGAS HAMILTON S GIBSON LITT LE H ELLS CREEK WAT ... NEW HOPE AMORY BIN ION CREEK TANYARD C REEK HAMILTONMSD WH ITES SH ANNON E RPDTU ...

  18. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NETT LET ON ABERD EEN E TAYLOR CREEK COAL DEGAS HAMILTON S GIBSON LITT LE H ELLS CREEK WAT ... NEW HOPE AMORY BIN ION CREEK TANYARD C REEK HAMILTONMSD WH ITES SH ANNON E RPDTU ...

  19. Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NETT LET ON ABERD EEN E TAYLOR CREEK COAL DEGAS HAMILTON S GIBSON LITT LE H ELLS CREEK WAT ... NEW HOPE AMORY BIN ION CREEK TANYARD C REEK HAMILTONMSD WH ITES SH ANNON E RPDTU ...

  20. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development, Downers Grove, Illinois

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    This single-family home built in a peat bog has underground storage tanks and drainage tanks, blown fiberglass insulation, coated rigid polyisocyanurate, and flashing. The 3,600-square-foot custom home built by Weiss Building & Development LLC is the first home in Illinois certified to the DOE Challenge Home criteria, which requires that homes meet the EPA Indoor airPlus guidelines.The builder won a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the custom builder category.

  1. Correlation of Process Data and Electrochemical Noise to Assess Kraft Digester Corrosion: Spring Grove Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawel, SJ

    2003-06-18

    Electrochemical noise (ECN) probes were deployed in a carbon steel continuous kraft digester at four locations and at one location in the bottom cone of the associated flash tank. The probes consisted of carbon steel electrodes, representing the vessel construction material, and 309LSi stainless steel overlay electrodes, representing the weld overlay repair in a portion of the vessel. Current and potential noise, the temperature at each probe location, and the value of about 32 process parameters (flow rates, liquor chemistry, etc.) were monitored continuously for a period of almost one year. Historical vessel inspection data and post-test evaluation of the probe components were used to assess/compare ECN corrosion activity with physical changes in wall thickness and corrosion patterns on the digester shell. In addition, attempts were made to correlate ECN activity from each electrode type with process parameters. The results indicate the high general corrosion rates of steel observed just below the extraction screens--on the order of 35 mils/y for the past few years--accelerated further during the period of probe deployment. The maximum wastage of steel (normalized to one full year exposure) was about 85 mils/y at the ring 6N probe just below the extraction screens. Consistent with recent historical observations, the steel corrosion rate at the ring 6S probe--at the same elevation but directly across the digester from ring 6N--was significantly lower at about 50 mils/y. Just prior to probe deployment, the digester shell below the extraction screens was overlaid with 309LSi stainless steel, which was observed to be essentially immune to corrosion at this location. While the ECN probes detected differences in electrochemical behavior between steel probes and between 309LSi probes at rings 6N and 6S, there was only poor quantitative correlation of current sums with actual corrosion rates at these locations. A significant contribution of redox reactions on both steel and stainless steel electrodes appears to complicate ECN interpretation for all the probes, but particularly at the ring 6 locations. With the exception of start-up and shutdown activity, including brief upsets for ''hanging columns'' or brief maintenance periods, no correlation was observed between tracked process variables and ECN activity. Based on the ECN data, re-pressurization of the digester and resumption of chip/liquor feed after a brief disruption results in very aggressive corrosion events.

  2. City of Raleigh, Wilders Grove Service Center, Solid Waste Services Facility. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Cox; Bill Black; Battle, Fred

    2015-07-22

    Final Report for DOE Grant EE0002808. Grant award was for technology demonstration of geothermal energy systems. One of the major objectives identified for the demonstration portion of the grant was to prove the viability of Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) systems in significantly reducing energy usage of HVAC and domestic water heating systems compared to traditional systems. Data were monitored and conclusions drawn, including estimating payback timeframes and documenting lessons learned.

  3. Manhattan Project: S-1 Committee

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    S-1 COMMITTEE Bohemian Grove (September 13, 1942) Resources > Photo Gallery S-1 Committee, Bohemian Grove, September 13, 1942 S-1 Committee members at Bohemian Grove, September 13, ...

  4. Community & Education Photo Gallery | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cars run. Photo courtesy Argonne National Laboratory. Downers Grove South at Argonne wetlands 38 of 54 Downers Grove South at Argonne wetlands Students from Downers Grove South...

  5. SRBAVG: Its Time to Archive CERES Next-Generation Monthly Means

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Patrick Minnis, W. L. Smith, Jr., D. R. Doelling NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA ... ARM 19 th Annual Science Team Meeting Louisville, KY 30 March - 2 April 2009 NASA Langley ...

  6. Microsoft Word - luo-y2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... (ISCCP) and Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) (Wielicki et al. ... 4.3). "Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) algorithm theoretical ...

  7. Section 117

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1994) and the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) (Wielicki et al. 1995). ... and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES): An earth observing system experiment, Bull. ...

  8. Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In this paper, the operational Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) cloud ... In Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Algorithm Theoretical Basis ...

  9. Microsoft Word - ayers_jk.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... for the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) program are used for ... 4.3). "Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Algorithm Theoretical ...

  10. Distribution and Validation of Cloud Cover Derived from AVHRR...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... maps developed for the Cloud's and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Project. ... for the Cloud's and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Experiment. J. Appl. ...

  11. Section 74

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Clouds and Earth's RadiantEnergy System (CERES) project based on Brieglib et al. (1986). ... visible (a) CERES (Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System), ARM (Atmospheric Measurement ...

  12. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (satellite) Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Earth Radiation Budget ... and the earth's radiant energy system (CERES): An earth observing system experiment. ...

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MeasuresWhole Building, Other EE, Reflective Roofs Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Heat Pumps, Air conditioners, Motors, Other EE, LED Lighting Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Data Center Equipment, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Windows, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, LED Lighting Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Equipment, LED Lighting, Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DuctAir sealing, Building Insulation, Other EE, LED Lighting Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates...

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    LED Lighting Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates through Conservation Services Department....

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Equipment Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a variety of rebates through Conservation Services Department....

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Building Insulation, Windows, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, LED Lighting Forest Grove Light & Power- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Forest Grove Light & Power offers a...

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In order to validate and improve surface radiative fluxes derived as part of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) program, The CERES Fixed-wing Airborne ...

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    LLC., Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC., Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready ...

  4. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Township High School District 214

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Joined the Challenge: October 2014Headquarters: Arlington Heights, ILCharging Locations: Arlington Heights, IL; Buffalo Grove, IL; Elk Grove Village, IL; Mount Prospect, IL; Rolling Meadows, IL;...

  5. feb2003.pmd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... General Leslie Groves Leslie R. Groves was a career officer in the U.S. Army Corps of ... project to be overseas, but instead, he was assigned to head a top-secret weapons project. ...

  6. CX-004519: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cottage Grove Wastewater Treatment PlantCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 11/19/2010Location(s): Cottage Grove, OregonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  7. CX-002776: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-002776: Categorical Exclusion Determination California-City-Elk Grove CX(s) Applied: B2.5, A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 06152010 Location(s): Elk Grove, California Office(s): Energy ...

  8. CX-004961: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    California-City-Garden GroveCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 01/12/2011Location(s): Garden Grove, CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  9. CX-002122: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Mulberry Grove Geo-Thermal InstallationCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 04/28/2010Location(s): Mulberry Grove, IllinoisOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  10. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Advocate Health Care

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Joined the Challenge: October 2014Headquarters: Downers Grove, ILCharging Locations: Normal, IL; Oak Lawn, IL; Park Ridge, IL; Downers Grove, IL; Elgin, ILDomestic Employees: 35,000

  11. Crawford County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wisconsin Lynxville, Wisconsin Marietta, Wisconsin Mount Sterling, Wisconsin Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin Soldiers Grove, Wisconsin Steuben, Wisconsin Wauzeka, Wisconsin Retrieved...

  12. Washington County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Farmington, Arkansas Fayetteville, Arkansas Goshen, Arkansas Greenland, Arkansas Johnson, Arkansas Lincoln, Arkansas Prairie Grove, Arkansas Springdale, Arkansas Tontitown,...

  13. Lafayette County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belmont, Wisconsin Benton, Wisconsin Blanchard, Wisconsin Blanchardville, Wisconsin Cuba City, Wisconsin Darlington, Wisconsin Elk Grove, Wisconsin Fayette, Wisconsin Gratiot,...

  14. Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pennsylvania Orwigsburg, Pennsylvania Palo Alto, Pennsylvania Pine Grove, Pennsylvania Port Carbon, Pennsylvania Port Clinton, Pennsylvania Pottsville, Pennsylvania Ravine,...

  15. Centre County, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pine Glen, Pennsylvania Pine Grove Mills, Pennsylvania Pleasant Gap, Pennsylvania Port Matilda, Pennsylvania Ramblewood, Pennsylvania Rebersburg, Pennsylvania Sandy Ridge,...

  16. Mercer County, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pennsylvania Greenville, Pennsylvania Grove City, Pennsylvania Hermitage, Pennsylvania Jackson Center, Pennsylvania Jamestown, Pennsylvania Mercer, Pennsylvania New Lebanon,...

  17. Texas County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Missouri Cabool, Missouri Houston, Missouri Licking, Missouri Mountain Grove, Missouri Plato, Missouri Raymondville, Missouri Summersville, Missouri Retrieved from "http:...

  18. RAPID/Geothermal/Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    transmission, delivery, or furnishing of light, power, heat, cold, water, gar, or oil. However, the definition of public utility does not include any user, owner, or...

  19. RAPID/Roadmap/7-HI-c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    transmission, delivery, or furnishing of light, power, heat, cold, water, gar, or oil. However, the definition of public utility does not include any user, owner, or...

  20. arm_stm_2007_revercomb_poster.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GOES & RRTM Fluxes and AIRS Partial Fluxes Partial Flux * AIRS obs, * LBLRTM) Total Flux * GOES, * RRTM Year 2000 - 2006 RRTM flux (AIRS Ts, emis) CERES comparison RRTM minus CERES W/m 2 W/m 2 Clear Sky TOA Flux from GOES and Aqua CERES Clear Sky TOA Flux GOES minus CERES * Mean: +5.5 W/m 2 , StdDev: 11.3 W/m 2 Clear Sky TOA Flux from GOES and RRTM calculations Clear Sky TOA Flux GOES minus RRTM calculations W/m 2 W/m 2 wavenumber Obs-Calc (K) Obs-Calc (K) Day Night Day Night Mean Observed

  1. USDA and DOE Biomass Research And Development Technical Advisory...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Newly appointed members include: Gil Gutknecht, Co-Chair, Consultant, Rochester, Minn.; Richard Hamilton, Chief Executive Officer, Ceres, Inc., Thousand Oaks, Calif.; Jay S. ...

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOAA-9 Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project for the Clouds and Earth's RadiantEnergy System experiment (CERES). ...

  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Top-of-the-atmosphere (TOA) broadband observations from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) ...

  4. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... As MODIS data are now becoming available, these methods, and the resulting Earth Observing System (EOS) MODIS and Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) data products, ...

  5. Section 90

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... at the Central Facility in anticipation of the launch of the Cloud and Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES) remote sensing capability in August 1997. Ten tracking mechanism ...

  6. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of view fluxes. During 1998, the broadband fluxes from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) on board the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) satellite ...

  7. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Accounting...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the ARM and the Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) to derive cloud amount, temperature, height, phase, effective particle size, optical depth, and water path. ...

  8. ARM - Related Data Sets

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organization EOS Data - Earth Observing System CERES - Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs): ASF DAAC - Alaska SAR Facility ...

  9. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (MODIS) as part of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) project during November 2000-June 2001 are compared to simultaneous ground-based observations. ...

  10. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Terra as part of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) project during February 2000-December 2001 are compared to simultaneous ground-based observations. ...

  11. Section 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The CERESARMGEWEX Experiment (CAGEX) was originally designed to test, develop, and validate retrievals of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Surface and ...

  12. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data over the Southern Great Plains (SGP) for January 1998 have been used to analyze the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) radiative transfer calculations with ...

  13. California Natural Resources Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Natural Resources Agency Place: Sacramento, California Website: ceres.ca.govindex.html Coordinates: 38.5815719, -121.4943996 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  14. Genes and Genomics for Improving Energy Crops (Keynote Address - 2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Pennell, Roger

    2011-04-28

    Roger Pennell, Vice President of Trait Development at Ceres, Inc., delivers a keynote address at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting on March 25, 2010

  15. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Albedo and Radiance Relationships Obtained From MISR and CERES Measurements Davies, R., Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology This goal of this study is to...

  16. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    forcing at the surface and the TOA. Comparisons to surface radiometer (SurfRad and ISIS) and satellite broadband measurements (CERES) demonstrate that the optical model formed ...

  17. COP 21 Climate Summit's Momentum Keeps Going at the 2016 Investor...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ceres, the United Nations Foundation, and the United Nations Office for Partnerships co-hosted the Summit at the United Nations in NYC. Sanjiv Malhotra Sanjiv Malhotra Director, ...

  18. Manhattan Project: Picking Horses, November 1942

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    General Leslie Groves PICKING HORSES (November 1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Leslie Groves (right) moved swiftly to make good on his new timetable by scheduling a decisive meeting of the Military Policy Committee for November 12, 1942, and of the S-1 Executive Committee for November 14. The scientists at

  19. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The website is supported by the DOE Office of Classification and hosted by the Office of ... declassified, hearing, Leslie Groves, Manhattan Project, OpenNet, Oppenheimer, security

  20. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The website is supported by the DOE Office of Classification and hosted by the Office of ... hearing, Leslie Groves, Manhattan Project, OpenNet, Oppenheimer, security Read more... ...

  1. Decatur County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Registered Energy Companies in Decatur County, Iowa Southern Iowa Bio Energy Places in Decatur County, Iowa Davis City, Iowa Decatur City, Iowa Garden Grove,...

  2. Spectrum Energy Inc SEI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spectrum Energy Inc SEI Jump to: navigation, search Name: Spectrum Energy Inc (SEI) Place: Elk Grove, California Zip: 95758 Sector: Efficiency, Services, Solar Product: US-based...

  3. Hardin County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elizabethtown, Kentucky Fort Knox, Kentucky Muldraugh, Kentucky Radcliff, Kentucky Sonora, Kentucky Upton, Kentucky Vine Grove, Kentucky West Point, Kentucky Retrieved from...

  4. Jasper County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Companies in Jasper County, Iowa Central Iowa Energy Places in Jasper County, Iowa Baxter, Iowa Colfax, Iowa Kellogg, Iowa Lambs Grove, Iowa Lynnville, Iowa Mingo, Iowa...

  5. Meeker County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Meeker County, Minnesota Cedar Mills, Minnesota Cosmos, Minnesota Darwin, Minnesota Dassel, Minnesota Eden Valley, Minnesota Grove City,...

  6. Christian County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Commonwealth AgriEnergy Places in Christian County, Kentucky Crofton, Kentucky Fort Campbell North, Kentucky Hopkinsville, Kentucky LaFayette, Kentucky Oak Grove, Kentucky...

  7. Pierce County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Maiden Rock, Wisconsin Martell, Wisconsin Oak Grove, Wisconsin Plum City, Wisconsin Prescott, Wisconsin River Falls, Wisconsin Rock Elm, Wisconsin Salem, Wisconsin Spring Lake,...

  8. Carroll County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Arkansas Alpena, Arkansas Beaver, Arkansas Berryville, Arkansas Blue Eye, Arkansas Eureka Springs, Arkansas Green Forest, Arkansas Oak Grove, Arkansas Retrieved from "http:...

  9. Allegany County, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canaseraga, New York Caneadea, New York Centerville, New York Clarksville, New York Cuba, New York Friendship, New York Genesee, New York Granger, New York Grove, New York...

  10. Fannin County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Fannin County, Texas Bailey, Texas Bonham, Texas Dodd City, Texas Ector, Texas Honey Grove, Texas Ladonia, Texas Leonard, Texas Pecan Gap, Texas Ravenna, Texas Savoy,...

  11. Charlotte County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Englewood, Florida Grove City, Florida Harbour Heights, Florida Manasota Key, Florida Port Charlotte, Florida Punta Gorda, Florida Rotonda, Florida Solana, Florida Retrieved from...

  12. Rock Island County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Illinois Hillsdale, Illinois Milan, Illinois Moline, Illinois Oak Grove, Illinois Port Byron, Illinois Rapids City, Illinois Reynolds, Illinois Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois...

  13. McHenry County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lake, Illinois McHenry, Illinois Oakwood Hills, Illinois Pistakee Highlands, Illinois Port Barrington, Illinois Prairie Grove, Illinois Richmond, Illinois Ringwood, Illinois...

  14. Jefferson County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Texas Central Gardens, Texas China, Texas Groves, Texas Nederland, Texas Nome, Texas Port Arthur, Texas Port Neches, Texas Taylor Landing, Texas Retrieved from "http:...

  15. Smoothing the Flow of Renewable Solar Energy in California's...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Yesterday, an almond grove in California's Central Valley hosted the opening of the world's largest iron-chromium redox flow battery. Originally pioneered by NASA, these flow ...

  16. Nuclear testing continues

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    According to Hewlett and Anderson's The New World, throughout 1946, General Groves received several letters from Norris Bradbury, the Director of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory ...

  17. Sandia Energy - Sandia Presented at the 14th Biennial Conference...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference on Transportation Energy and Policy on August 6-9 in Pacific Grove, California. This conference is organized under the auspices of the Alternative Fuels Committee...

  18. Washington County, Tennessee: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    4 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Washington County, Tennessee Fall Branch, Tennessee Gray, Tennessee Johnson City, Tennessee Jonesborough, Tennessee Midway, Tennessee Oak Grove,...

  19. Leake County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carthage, Mississippi Lena, Mississippi Redwater, Mississippi Sebastopol, Mississippi Standing Pine, Mississippi Walnut Grove, Mississippi Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  20. Clarke County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Clarke County, Alabama Coffeeville, Alabama Fulton, Alabama Grove Hill, Alabama Jackson, Alabama Thomasville, Alabama Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  1. Manhattan Project: Maps

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scroll down to view thumbnails of each map. Leslie Groves looks at a map of Japan. Manhattan Project: General Manhattan Project Facilities Places map "Signature Facilities of the ...

  2. Manhattan Project: Photo Gallery

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer PHOTO GALLERY Resources Additional information is available regarding the following "animated gifs" and other photographs: Alpha Racetrack, ...

  3. Exemplary Student Research Program | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9-12. 2016 Participating High Schools Downers Grove South Glenbard East Hinsdale South Hoffman Estates Lemont Lockport Township Maplewood Richmond Naperville Central Neuqua Valley...

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - buzbee2004session1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    way, "Groves giveth, and Gates taketh away." Hence, the need for parallelism. Philip E. Ross, "Commandments," IEEE Spectrum, December 2003, pa. 35. Option 3 Parallelism in the...

  5. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC.,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL | Department of Energy LLC., Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC., Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Downers Grove, IL, that scored HERS 35 without PV. This 3,600-square-foot custom home has advanced framed walls with R-23 dense-packed fiberglass plus R-13 rigid polyiso, a sealed attic with open-cell spray foam, a pier foundation, and 95% efficient

  6. Lane County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biomass Facility Places in Lane County, Oregon Coburg, Oregon Cottage Grove, Oregon Creswell, Oregon Dunes City, Oregon Eugene, Oregon Florence, Oregon Junction City, Oregon...

  7. York County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Places in York County, South Carolina Clover, South Carolina Fort Mill, South Carolina Hickory Grove, South Carolina India Hook, South Carolina Lake Wylie,...

  8. Department of Environmental Protection ATTN: Mr. Frank Cosolito

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Honorable Gerald McCann, Mayor City Hall 280 Grove Street Jersey City, NJ 07302 Mr. Sol Goldman 660 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10000 Gentlemen: RADIOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION...

  9. CX-009442: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cutters Grove, Anoka CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.19 Date: 07/31/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  10. Smyth County, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Places in Smyth County, Virginia Adwolf, Virginia Atkins, Virginia Chilhowie, Virginia Marion, Virginia Saltville, Virginia Sugar Grove, Virginia Retrieved from "http:...

  11. Lee County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Illinois Dixon, Illinois Franklin Grove, Illinois Harmon, Illinois Lee, Illinois Nelson, Illinois Paw Paw, Illinois Rochelle, Illinois Steward, Illinois Sublette, Illinois...

  12. A brief overview of some historical details of the city of Oak...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Manhattan Project, General Leslie Groves took immediate action. After securing a AAA credit rating, he set about selecting a location for the plant and the resulting city...

  13. Monmouth County, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grove, New Jersey Oceanport, New Jersey Port Monmouth, New Jersey Ramtown, New Jersey Red Bank, New Jersey Roosevelt, New Jersey Rumson, New Jersey Sea Bright, New Jersey Sea...

  14. Lexington County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carolina Oak Grove, South Carolina Pelion, South Carolina Pine Ridge, South Carolina Red Bank, South Carolina Seven Oaks, South Carolina South Congaree, South Carolina...

  15. Wetzel County, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    5 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Wetzel County, West Virginia Hundred, West Virginia New Martinsville, West Virginia Paden City, West Virginia Pine Grove, West Virginia...

  16. Muskingum County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ohio Adamsville, Ohio Dresden, Ohio Frazeysburg, Ohio Fultonham, Ohio Gratiot, Ohio New Concord, Ohio North Zanesville, Ohio Norwich, Ohio Philo, Ohio Pleasant Grove, Ohio...

  17. Scott County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Iowa Dixon, Iowa Donahue, Iowa Durant, Iowa Eldridge, Iowa Le Claire, Iowa Long Grove, Iowa Maysville, Iowa McCausland, Iowa New Liberty, Iowa Panorama Park, Iowa Park...

  18. Navarro County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Navarro County, Texas Angus, Texas Barry, Texas Blooming Grove, Texas Corsicana, Texas Dawson, Texas Emhouse, Texas Eureka, Texas Frost, Texas Goodlow, Texas Kerens, Texas Mildred,...

  19. Freeborn County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Minnesota Agra Resources Cooperative EXOL Places in Freeborn County, Minnesota Albert Lea, Minnesota Alden, Minnesota Clarks Grove, Minnesota Conger, Minnesota Emmons,...

  20. Buena Vista County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Companies in Buena Vista County, Iowa Growind Places in Buena Vista County, Iowa Albert City, Iowa Alta, Iowa Lakeside, Iowa Linn Grove, Iowa Marathon, Iowa Newell, Iowa...

  1. Glenn Seaborg - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert Church Crawford...

  2. J. Robert Oppenheimer - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert Church Crawford...

  3. Crawford Greenewalt - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert Church Crawford...

  4. Major Charles W. Sweeney - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert Church Crawford...

  5. Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert Church Crawford...

  6. Albert Einstein - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Albert Einstein Hanford For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert...

  7. Famous People with Ties to Hanford - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Students and Kids Hanford Fun Facts Classroom Projects Famous People of Hanford Albert Einstein Enrico Fermi Leslie Groves Franklin Matthias Gilbert Church Crawford...

  8. Contribution to the development of DOE ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Data (CMBE) products: Satellite data over the ARM permanent and AMF sites: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, B; Dong, X; Xie, S

    2012-05-18

    To support the LLNL ARM infrastructure team Climate Modeling Best Estimate (CMBE) data development, the University of North Dakota (UND)'s group will provide the LLNL team the NASA CERES and ISCCP satellite retrieved cloud and radiative properties for the periods when they are available over the ARM permanent research sites. The current available datasets, to date, are as follows: the CERES/TERRA during 200003-200812; the CERES/AQUA during 200207-200712; and the ISCCP during 199601-200806. The detailed parameters list below: (1) CERES Shortwave radiative fluxes (net and downwelling); (2) CERES Longwave radiative fluxes (upwelling) - (items 1 & 2 include both all-sky and clear-sky fluxes); (3) CERES Layered clouds (total, high, middle, and low); (4) CERES Cloud thickness; (5) CERES Effective cloud height; (6) CERES cloud microphysical/optical properties; (7) ISCCP optical depth cloud top pressure matrix; (8) ISCCP derived cloud types (r.g., cirrus, stratus, etc.); and (9) ISCCP infrared derived cloud top pressures. (10) The UND group shall apply necessary quality checks to the original CERES and ISCCP data to remove suspicious data points. The temporal resolution for CERES data should be all available satellite overpasses over the ARM sites; for ISCCP data, it should be 3-hourly. The spatial resolution is the closest satellite field of view observations to the ARM surface sites. All the provided satellite data should be in a format that is consistent with the current ARM CMBE dataset so that the satellite data can be easily merged into the CMBE dataset.

  9. I.D I VI Figure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ~press - ,~,.--;~ 3.1 ,,~-.::;:.--- ~ ( 3.1 ( ;-; t\ I.D I VI Figure 9-1. Location of the original Cypress Grove Set-Aside and the Stave Island and Georgia Power replacement Areas. Set-Aside 9: Cypress Grove, Stave Island, and Georgia Power

  10. MICROBOONE CRYOGENICS: INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING Ben Carls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fermilab MicroBooNE Cryogenics Operation of Purification 4 Condenser Cu O 2 filter Mole sieve LAr cryostat LAr pump LAr GAr B. Carls, Fermilab MicroBooNE Cryogenics MicroBooNE...

  11. Instrumentation, Controls, and Human-Machine Interface Technology Development Roadmap in Support of Grid Appropriate Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL] [ORNL; Upadhyaya, Belle R. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kisner, Roger A [ORNL] [ORNL; O'Hara, John [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)] [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Quinn, Edward L. [Longenecker & Associates] [Longenecker & Associates; Miller, Don W. [Ohio State University] [Ohio State University

    2009-01-01

    Grid Appropriate Reactors (GARs) are a component of the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program. GARs have smaller output power (<~600 MWe), than those intended for deployment on large, tightly coupled grids. This smaller size is important in avoiding grid destabilization, which can result from having a large fraction of a grid s electrical generation supplied by a single source. GARs are envisioned to be deployed worldwide often in locations without extensive nuclear power experience. DOE recently sponsored the creation of an Instrumentation, Controls, and Human-Machine Interface (ICHMI) technology development roadmap emphasizing the specific characteristics of GARs [1]. This roadmapping effort builds upon and focuses the recently developed, more general nuclear energy ICHMI technology development roadmap [2]. The combination of the smaller plant size, smaller grids, and deployment in locations without extensive prior nuclear power experience presents particular infrastructure, regulation, design, operational, and safeguards challenges for effective GAR deployment. ICHMI technologies are central to efficient GAR operation and as such are a dimension of each of these challenges. Further, while the particular ICHMI technologies to be developed would be useful at larger power plants, they are not high-priority development items at the larger plants. For example, grid transient resilience would be a useful feature for any reactor/grid combination and indeed would have limited some recent blackout events. However, most large reactors have limited passive cooling features. Large plants with active safety response features will likely preserve trip preferential grid transient response. This contrasts sharply with GARs featuring passive shutdown cooling, which can safely support grid stability during large grid transients. ICHMI technologies ranging from alternative control algorithms to simplified human-interface system designs are key to enabling GARs to respond properly and thereby stabilize the grid during transients.

  12. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Validation of CERES-MODIS Cloud Properties Using ARM Data Submitter: Dong, X., University of North Dakota Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Dong, X., P. Minnis, B. Xi, S. Sun-Mack, and Y. Chen, 2007: Validation of CERES-MODIS stratus cloud properties using ground-based measurements at the DOE ARM SGP site. Accepted by J. Geophys. Res. Wielicki, B. A. and Co-authors (2000), CERES Validation Plan Overview, Release 4,

  13. Trishchenko(1)-AP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (ERBS, NOAA-9 and -10), ScaRaB-1 on the METEOR-37, ScaRaB-2 on the RESSURS (Kandel et al. 1998) and CERES on the TRMM platform. We applied the algorithms of Li et al....

  14. Prepared in response to formal guidance and a request by Sam...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... member) Burrill & Company - Partner Ceres - VP, Trait Development DuPont Genencor - Head of BioChemistry DuPont - Director, DuPont Central R & D (early member) General Motors - GM ...

  15. Section 43

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The values obtained from the RTC were calculated using the observed LWP (Figure 7) and the effective radius profile (Figure 8), (a) CERES - Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System ...

  16. Andrew Gumbiner | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Most Recent PNNL Helps the Navy Stay Cool and Conserve Fuel July 30 Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar February 27 Ceres: Making Biofuels Bigger and Better February ...

  17. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CERES/ARM Validation Experiment D. A. Rutan, F. G. Rose, and N. Smith Analytical Services and Materials Inc. Hampton, Virginia T. P. Charlock National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Atmospheric Sciences Division Hampton, Virginia Introduction The Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) project (Weilicki et al. 1996) is a series of broadband scanning radiometers measuring total (0.3-oo µm), reflected (0.3 - 5.0 µm), and window (8 - 12 µm) energy. The

  18. nro31b2.tmp

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... Input From DuPont Final input for the November meetings of the Military Policy Committee and the S-1 Executive Committee came from DuPont. One of the fust things Groves did when he ...

  19. Manhattan Project: Final Approval to Build the Bomb, Washington...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to head a final review committee, comprised of himself and three DuPont representatives. ... and one day after Groves instructed DuPont to move into pile design and construction. ...

  20. Public Library.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Groves statues. 8 Attend a Gordon's concert. 9 Put together a team for the mud volleyball tournament. 10 Hear authors speak or attend a gallery opening at Mesa Public...

  1. CX-008211: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cedar Grove Composting High Solids Anaerobic Digestion Permitting CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 03/23/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  2. Directions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    From Washington National: Yellow Metro line towards Fort Totten, transfer at Gallery Place-China Town to the red line, direction Shady Grove. express bus 100 External link to ...

  3. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY LABORATORY RESULTS OF THE INDEPENDENT...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... L o ROCHELLE PARK it SCANEL L N JeirGROVE & PARK WAYI , . 8 eLODI ESSEX ST IU'ERSTArn7 8C N INT NO %NCA C T SA ' |LONG VALLE REDSTONE LA < > * -' '- I - ...

  4. A picture of leadership: portrait helps commemorate Los Alamos...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Groves," Gant said, "his drive, his expertise, and his experience. The Manhattan Project did not 'just happen,' as the author Robert Norris wrote. 'It happened in a certain way. ...

  5. Hanford, WA Selected as Plutonium Production Facility | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Production Facility Hanford, WA Groves selects Hanford, Washington, as site for full-scale plutonium production and separation facilities. Three reactors--B, D, and F--are built....

  6. CX-006027: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project Blue EnergyCX(s) Applied: A9Date: 05/26/2011Location(s): Pleasant Grove City, UtahOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  7. Construction of Building 9201-1 (Alpha 1) - part 2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    arriving daily. The target start up date was now November 1, 1943. General Groves, in his book, Now it can be told, said, "The work on the first racetrack was well underway before...

  8. More production buildings and expanded operations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Groves pointed out in his book was the difficulty getting enough skilled labor. He said, "One of our chief difficulties was s shortage of electrical workers. This became so...

  9. Expansion of Domestic Production of Lithium Carbonate and Lithium...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. PDF icon esarravt010groves2010...

  10. CX-005138: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forest Grove Substation ExpansionCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 02/01/2011Location(s): Washington County, OregonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  11. CX-011246: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Timber Tap to Forest Grove-Keeler #1 Access Roads CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/20/2013 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  12. CX-008702: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forest Grove-McMinnville #1 Wood Pole Replacement Projects CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/05/2012 Location(s): Oregon, Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  13. CX-013615: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Keeler-Forest Grove Transmission Line Structure Relocations CX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 06/03/2015 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  14. CX-005214: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Chicago Area Alternative Fuels Deployment ProjectCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 02/10/2011Location(s): Downers Grove, IllinoisOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. JPL Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    4800 Oak Grove Drive, MS 186-115 Pasadena, California 91109 Regional Contact Information Regional Coordinator: Kimberly Lievense Email: Klievense@jpl.nasa.gov Phone: 818-354-0112

  16. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    August 27, 2007 Accelerating Science Discovery: From the '40s to the Future Oak Ridge, TN - It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan ...

  17. Search for: All records | DOE Patents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL) (2) Lu, Jun (2) Lu, Wenquan (2) Park, Sang-Ho (2) Yuan, Shengwen (2) Abouimrane, Ali (1) Baginska, Marta B (1) Belharouak, Ilias (Bolingbrook, IL) ...

  18. Manhattan Project: Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    To accomplish even this low level of enrichment Groves had to order a crash barrier program. The production of enough uranium-235 for even one bomb by 1945 now appeared to be very ...

  19. ARM - Field Campaign - International Pyrgeometer Intercomparison

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ably aided by Jim Teske's staff at the SGP site most notably, Dan Nelson, Craig Webb, Chad Bahrman, Rod Soper, Tim Grove, and Cindy Kugel. For data sets, see below. Summary The...

  20. Expansion of Domestic Production of Lithium Carbonate and Lithium Hydroxide

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to Supply US Battery Industry | Department of Energy 1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation PDF icon arravt010_es_groves_2011

  1. Expansion of Domestic Production of Lithium Carbonate and Lithium Hydroxide

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to Supply US Battery Industry | Department of Energy 2 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting PDF icon arravt010_es_groves_2012

  2. 14,700 tons of silver at Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    calutron magnets was because of a shortage of copper during the war. As you will recall, Gen. Groves sent Col. Nichols to arrange for the purchase of as much uranium ore as could...

  3. The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of ...

  4. New Mars exhibit at the Bradbury Science Museum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched July 16, 2013 - 5:48pm Addthis General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. Terry Fehner Terry Fehner Historian, Federal Preservation Officer Andrew Weston-Dawkes Andrew Weston-Dawkes Director, Office of Classification What are the key

  5. New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched July 16, 2013 - 5:48pm Addthis General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. Terry Fehner Terry Fehner Historian, Federal Preservation Officer Andrew Weston-Dawkes Andrew Weston-Dawkes Director, Office of Classification What are the key

  6. EA-2003: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    31: Draft Environmental Assessment EA-1931: Draft Environmental Assessment Keeler to Tillamook Transmission Line Rebuild, Washington and Tillamook Counties, Oregon Bonneville Power Administration is preparing this EA to assess the potential environmental impacts of the proposed rebuild of the Keeler-Forest Grove and Forest Grove-Tillamook 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines between the cities of Hillsboro and Tillamook, in Washington and Tillamook Counties, Oregon. PDF icon EA-1931-DEA-2013.pdf

  7. Introduction to Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Introduction to Brookhaven National Laboratory Patrick Looney Department Chair Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET) Global and Regional Solutions Directorate (GARS) STEAB Meeting June 26, 2012 Introduction to BNL * Facts, figures, facilities overview * BNL energy strategy - Building Discovery to Deployment pipelines - Tools for a Smarter Grid - Distributed Generation and Renewables Integration * Meeting sustainability goals through research * Discussion 2 FY 2011 Total Lab Operating Costs: $652

  8. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2005 - June 2006, Volume 2, Supporting Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2007-03-25

    This report is a compilation of geotechnical data presented as plots for each active instrument installed in the underground at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) through June 30, 2006. A summary of the geotechnical analyses that were performed using the enclosed data is provided in Volume 1 of the Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR).

  9. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2002 - June 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2004-03-03

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations.

  10. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2004 - June 2005, Volume 2, Supporting Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2006-03-20

    This report is a compilation of geotechnical data presented as plots for each active instrument installed in the underground at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) through June 30, 2005. A summary of the geotechnical analyses that were performed using the enclosed data is provided in Volume 1 of the Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR).

  11. arm_2007_rutan.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sky Broadband Surface Albedo From CERES and MODIS Instruments on Board Terra Satellite, Direct Comparisons David Rutan 1 , Tom Charlock 2 , Crystal Schaff 3 , Miguel Roman 4 , Fred Rose 1 1. Science Systems & Applications Inc. 2. NASA Langley Research Center, Atmos.Science Div. 3. Boston University 4. MODIS BRDF/Albedo Group Corresponding Author: David Rutan (d.a.rutan@larc.nasa.gov) Goal: Compare CERES/CRS Ed2b Land Surface Albedo to MODIS MOD43C2 v004 Surface Albedo. Acknowledgements: ARM

  12. arm_poster_eitzen.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spearman Rank Correlations Between Boundary-layer Cloud Properties Zachary A. Eitzen, SSAI and Kuan-Man Xu, NASA-LaRC 1. Cloud Object Data The cloud object data were taken from CERES-TRMM, over Jan-Aug 1998. Each boundary-layer cloud object is a contiguous region of CERES footprints that have cloud tops below 3 km, and a cloud fraction of: 99-100% (stratus), 40- 99% (stratocumulus), or 10-40% (shallow cumulus). The cloud objects in this work were all observed over the ocean, and within 30

  13. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Validation of CERES-MODIS Cloud Retrievals Using the Azores Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Dong, X., University of North Dakota Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Xi B, P Minnis, and S Sun-Mack. 2014. "Comparison of marine boundary layer cloud properties from CERES-MODIS edition 4 and DOE ARM AMF measurements at the Azores." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JD021813. Figure 1. The ARM

  14. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    picture of leadership: portrait helps commemorate Los Alamos anniversary April 5, 2013 Family of Gen. Leslie Groves donates official portrait to Historical Society LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 5, 2013-He was known as a gruff taskmaster - even called "arrogant" by some. But Gen. Leslie Groves teamed with some of the world's foremost scientists to run the Manhattan Project, which produced world-changing nuclear technology and brought an end to the last war of global scale. Today, as part of

  15. Image Gallery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    /about/history-innovation/trinity-to-trinity/_assets/images/trinity-banner10.jpg Image Gallery The Trinity Test of 1945 was the first full-scale, real-world test of a nuclear weapon; with the new Trinity supercomputer our goal is to do this virtually, in 3D. Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. Groves and Oppenheimer, 9-11-45 (799398) Groves and Oppenheimer, 9-11-45 (799398) Trinity (C761,

  16. OBSERVATION O F T H E FORBIDDEN MAGNETIC DIPOLE TRANSITION 62P%+72P%IN ATOMIC THALLIUM

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F

  17. EA-1931: Keeler to Tillamook Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Washington and Tillamook Counties, Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bonneville Power Administration prepared this EA to assess the potential environmental impacts of the proposed rebuild of the Keeler-Forest Grove and Forest Grove-Tillamook 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines between the cities of Hillsboro and Tillamook, in Washington and Tillamook Counties, Oregon. The 58-mile-long rebuild would include replacement of all wood-pole structures over 10 years in age. Some existing access roads would be improved to accommodate construction equipment and some new road access would be acquired or constructed in areas where access is not available.

  18. CX-005550: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant ProgramCX(s) Applied: A13, B1.3, B1.32, B2.5, B5.1Date: 03/25/2011Location(s): Ceres, CaliforniaOffice(s): Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  19. Microsoft Word - Cleanline final report Rev 3.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 84 N Bartlett 161 15296 15302 0.0% 85 Lakeland 161 27210 27232 0.1% 86 Collierville Gate 161 31360 31384 0.1% 87 Shady Grove 161 30102 30123 0.1% 93 Praxair 115 12695 12697 0.0% 24

  20. CX-002484: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bley LLC Green Energy Component Manufacturing Capacity and Capability Development InitiativeCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 05/25/2010Location(s): Elk Grove Village, IllinoisOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  1. Lawrence Co. Scioto Co. Greenup Co. Jack

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LYNAM CR EEK MCGRAW-CBM TEAYS VALLEY DOT Y BRANCH ISLAN D CREEK RITC HIE GREEN GROVE WILL IAM SBU RG BEECH Y C REEK YELLOW CR EEK GROUN DHOG CREEK ST FK-BLST N CK SLAB F OR K-CBM ...

  2. Growth Kinetics and Modeling of Direct Oxynitride Growth with NO-O2 Gas Mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everist, Sarah; Nelson, Jerry; Sharangpani, Rahul; Smith, Paul Martin; Tay, Sing-Pin; Thakur, Randhir

    1999-05-03

    We have modeled growth kinetics of oxynitrides grown in NO-O2 gas mixtures from first principles using modified Deal-Grove equations. Retardation of oxygen diffusion through the nitrided dielectric was assumed to be the dominant growth-limiting step. The model was validated against experimentally obtained curves with good agreement. Excellent uniformity, which exceeded expected walues, was observed.

  3. CX-002275: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Community Renewable Energy Deployment-Sacramento Municipal Utility District: Van Warmerdam DairyCX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1Date: 05/10/2010Location(s): Elk Grove, CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  4. CX-005429: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -Solid Waste Authority of Central OhioCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 03/16/2011Location(s): Grove City, OhioOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  5. Memorial Day

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Three years after the Civil War ended, on May 5, 1868, the head of an organization of Union veterans, the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the war dead with flowers. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan declared that Decoration Day should be observed on May 30. It is believed that date was chosen because flowers would be in bloom all over the country.

  6. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Improvement in Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System/Surface and Atmosphere Radiation Budget Dust Aerosol Properties, Effects on Surface Validation of Clouds and Radiative Swath D. Rutan and F. Rose Analytical Services and Materials Inc. Hampton, Virginia T.P. Charlock NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction Within the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) science team (Wielicki et al. 1996), the Surface and Atmospheric Radiation Budget (SARB) group is

  7. alberta-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Broadband Radiative Flux and the Vertical Structure of Humidity and Temperature in the Atmosphere T. L. Alberta Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia T. P. Charlock NASA-Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction CAGEX [Cloud and Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES)/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)/ Global Energy and Water Experiment (GEWEX)] Version 2.1.0 provides five largely independent descriptions of the temperature and humidity fields over the ARM

  8. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice15.htm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 1995 Dr. Carol Henry Office of Integrated Risk Management Office of Risk Assessment US Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, D.C. 20585 RE: Consortium for Environmental Risk Assessment (CERE) process Dear Dr. Henry: The Hanford Advisory Board wishes to thank you for coming to our February meeting to help us better understand the process of risk assessment and its implications to Hanford cleanup. We are responding to your request for comments to the Consortium for

  9. mayor-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Clear-Sky Bidirectional Reflectance Functions Derived from ARM-UAV MPIR and CERES Helicopter Data Over the ARM SGP Site S. Mayor and D. R. Doelling Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis and D. R. Cahoon National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia G. S. Phipps Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico Introduction Bidirectional reflectance distribution functions (BRDFs) are essential for deriving albedos from

  10. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adoption of RRTMG in the NCAR CAM5 and CESM1 Global Climate Models Download a printable PDF Submitter: Iacono, M. J., Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Collins, W. D., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. Shortwave cloud forcing for three versions of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) with CERES

  11. OSTI History | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information OSTI History Born in 1947 of General Leslie R. Groves' 1945 mandate to tell the American people about the formerly secret Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb, the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) rapidly became home to one of the world's most comprehensive collections of energy-related information. Long before the Internet came along, OSTI advanced science by making research information widely available. OSTI annually responded to upwards

  12. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Office of Scientific & Technical Information NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE August 27, 2007 Accelerating Science Discovery: From the '40s to the Future Oak Ridge, TN - It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together

  13. From Tragedy to Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100%

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy City: Preprint | Department of Energy Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100% Renewable Energy City: Preprint From Tragedy to Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100% Renewable Energy City: Preprint Presented at ACEEE Summer Study; Pacific Grove, California; August 15-20, 2010 PDF icon 48300.pdf More Documents & Publications NREL Helps Greensburg Set the Model for Green Communities (Fact Sheet), Innovation: The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation,

  14. Walmart Experimental Store Performance Stories: Preprint

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8295 August 2010 Walmart Experimental Store Performance Stories Preprint Michael Deru, Eric Kozubal, and Paul Norton Presented at ACEEE Summer Study Pacific Grove, California August 15-20, 2010 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the

  15. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern Company | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Company Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern Company Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern Company Joined the Challenge: August 2013 Headquarters: Atlanta, GA Charging Locations: Anniston, AL; Atmore, AL; Auburn, AL; Bay Minette, AL; Birmingham, AL; Calera, AL; Clanton, AL; Enterprise, AL; Eufaula, AL; Fayette, AL; Gadsden, AL; Greenville, AL; Haleyville, AL; Jackson, AL; Jasper, AL; Mobile, AL; Montgomery, AL; Oak Grove, AL; Pelham, AL; Pell City, AL; Phoenix City,

  16. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Volkswagen Group of America |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Volkswagen Group of America Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Volkswagen Group of America Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Volkswagen Group of America Joined the Challenge: July 2014 Headquarters: Herndon, VA Charging Locations: Herndon, VA; Oxnard, CA; Belmont, CA; Allendale, NJ; Maricopa, AZ; Auburn Hills, MI; Golden, CO; Clearwater, FL; Buffalo Grove, IL; Davie, FL; Irving, TX; Livermore, CA; Atlanta, GA; Dublin, OH; Marlborough, MA; Renton, WA; Santa Monica,

  17. Los Alamos National Laboratory Contract Announcement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Contract Announcement Los Alamos National Laboratory Contract Announcement December 21, 2005 - 4:52pm Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Bodman Good afternoon. Thank you all for coming. Let me particularly thank the employees at Los Alamos for tuning in. My remarks today are directed chiefly to all of you. More than 60 years ago, Leslie Groves, Ernest Lawrence, and Robert Oppenheimer set off into the mesas and canyons northwest of Santa Fe. They were scouting the location for a new

  18. Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ON-SHORE POWER GENERATION

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative TIDAL ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ON-SHORE POWER GENERATION Marine & Hydrokinetic Technology Readiness Initiative DE-EE0003636 TIDAL ENERGY SYSTEM FOR ON-SHORE POWER GENERATION Final Technical Report: June 26, 2012 Awardee: SUNLIGHT PHOTONICS INC. 600 Corporate Court South Plainfield, NJ 07080 Sub Awardee: NASA - JET PROPULSION LAB. 4800 Oak Grove Blvd. Pasadena, CA 91109 Principal Investigator: Dr. Allan J. Bruce, Sunlight Photonics Inc.

  19. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Calutron (Y-12) Operators Topic OpenNet spotlights The Manhattan Project by Rita Hohenbrink 30 Jul, 2013 in Products and Content Calutron (Y-12) Operators Manhattan Project Sixty-eight years ago, an atomic bomb was detonated on an isolated corner of southern New Mexico in a weapon test named Trinity. Related Topics: atomic bomb, Calutron (Y-12) Operators, Leslie Groves, Manhattan Project, OpenNet, OpenNet

  20. Primary coal crushers grow to meet demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2009-09-15

    Mine operators look for more throughput with less fines generation in primary crushers (defined here as single role crushers and two stage crushers). The article gives advice on crusher selection and application. Some factors dictating selection include the desired product size, capacity, Hard Grove grindability index, percentage of rock to be freed and hardness of that rock. The hardness of coal probably has greatest impact on product fineness. 2 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  1. Controlling Capital Costs in High Performance Office Buildings: A Review of Best Practices for Overcoming Cost Barriers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlling Capital Costs in High Performance Office Buildings: A Review of Best Practices for Overcoming Cost Barriers Preprint Shanti Pless and Paul Torcellini To be presented at the ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Pacific Grove, California August 12-17, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-55264 May 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No.

  2. Agenda10704 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    October 7, 2004 Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) NSAC Home Meetings NSAC Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (78KB) NP Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees NP Home Meetings October 7, 2004 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page DOE/NSF Nuclear Science Advisory Committee Meeting Thursday, October 7, 2004 Where: Quality Suites Hotel, 3 Research Court, Rockville, Maryland (Located near the Shady Grove Metro Station on the Red Line) Telephone Number: 301-840-0200 Fax

  3. An Analysis of Plug Load Capacities and Power Requirements in Commercial Buildings: Preprint

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    An Analysis of Plug Load Capacities and Power Requirements in Commercial Buildings Preprint Michael Sheppy, Paul Torcellini, and Luigi Gentile-Polese National Renewable Energy Laboratory To be presented at the 2014 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Pacific Grove, California August 17-22, 2014 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-61528 August 2014 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the

  4. Recyclable catalysts methods of making and using the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dioumaev, Vladimir K.; Bullock, R. Morris

    2006-02-28

    Organometallic complexes are provided, which include a catalyst containing a transition metal, a ligand and a component having the formula GAr.sup.F. Ar.sup.F is an aromatic ring system selected from phenyl, naphthalenyl, anthracenyl, fluorenyl, or indenyl. The aromatic ring system has at least a substituent selected from fluorine, hydrogen, hydrocarbyl or fluorinated hydrocarbyl, G is substituted or unsubstituted (CH.sub.2).sub.n or (CF.sub.2).sub.n, wherein n is from 1 to 30, wherein further one or more CH.sub.2 or CF.sub.2 groups are optionally replaced by NR, PR, SiR.sub.2, BR, O or S, or R is hydrocarbyl or substituted hydrocarbyl, GAr.sup.F being covalently bonded to either said transition metal or said ligand of said catalyst, thereby rendering said cationic organometallic complex liquid. The catalyst of the organometallic complex can be [CpM(CO).sub.2(NHC)L.sub.k].sup.+A.sup.-, wherein M is an atom of molybdenum or tungsten, Cp is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentadienyl radical represented by the formula [C.sub.5Q.sup.1Q.sup.2Q.sup.3Q.sup.4Q.sup.5], wherein Q.sup.1 to Q.sup.5 are independently selected from the group consisting of H radical, GAr.sup.F C.sub.1-20 hydrocarbyl radical, substituted hydrocarbyl radical, substituted hydrocarbyl radical substituted by GAr.sup.F, halogen radical, halogen-substituted hydrocarbyl radical, --OR, --C(O)R', --CO.sub.2R', --SiR'.sub.3 and --NR'R'', wherein R' and R'' are independently selected from the group consisting of H radical, C.sub.1-20 hydrocarbyl radical, halogen radical, and halogen-substituted hydrocarbyl radical, wherein said Q.sup.1 to Q.sup.5 radicals are optionally linked to each other to form a stable bridging group, NHC is any N-heterocyclic carbene ligand, L is either any neutral electron donor ligand, wherein k is a number from 0 to 1 or L is an anionic ligand wherein k is 2, and A.sup.- is an anion. Processes using the organometallic complexes as catalysts in catalytic reactions, such as for example, the hydrosilylation of aldehydes, ketones and esters are also provided.

  5. Over 150years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liang, Yuting; Wu, Liyou; Clark, Ian M.; Xue, Kai; Yang, Yunfeng; Van Nostrand, Joy D.; Deng, Ye; He, Zhili; McGrath, Steve; Storkey, Jonathan; et al

    2015-04-07

    Spatial scaling is a critical issue in ecology, but how anthropogenic activities like fertilization affect spatial scaling is poorly understood, especially for microbial communities. Here, we determined the effects of long-term fertilization on the spatial scaling of microbial functional diversity and its relationships to plant diversity in the 150-year-old Park Grass Experiment, the oldest continuous grassland experiment in the world. Nested samples were taken from plots with contrasting inorganic fertilization regimes, and community DNAs were analyzed using the GeoChip-based functional gene array. The slopes of microbial gene-area relationships (GARs) and plant species-area relationships (SARs) were estimated in a plot receivingmorenitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and a control plot without fertilization. Our results indicated that long-term inorganic fertilization significantly increased both microbial GARs and plant SARs. Microbial spatial turnover rates (i.e., z values) were less than 0.1 and were significantly higher in the fertilized plot (0.0583) than in the control plot (0.0449) (P z values also varied significantly with different functional genes involved in carbon (C), N, P, and sulfur (S) cycling and with various phylogenetic groups (archaea, bacteria, and fungi). Similarly, the plant SARs increased significantly (P less

  6. COP 21 Climate Summit's Momentum Keeps Going at the 2016 Investor Summit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy COP 21 Climate Summit's Momentum Keeps Going at the 2016 Investor Summit COP 21 Climate Summit's Momentum Keeps Going at the 2016 Investor Summit February 1, 2016 - 2:45pm Addthis The 2016 Investor Summit on Climate Risk was the first major event on climate change for investors and businesses to discuss the far-reaching implications of the Paris Agreement. Ceres, the United Nations Foundation, and the United Nations Office for Partnerships co-hosted the Summit at the

  7. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China's Aerosol Malady Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Qiu Y, Q Wang, and F Hu. 2012. "Shouxian aerosol radiative properties measured by DOE AMF and compared with CERES-MODIS." Advanced Materials Research, 518-523(2), doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.518-523.1973. Tiananmen tower enveloped by heavy fog and haze in January 2013. Many of

  8. COLLOQUIUM: Dawn, the Asteroid Redirect Mission, and the Future of Solar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electric Propulsion | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab April 9, 2015, 2:00pm to 3:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Dawn, the Asteroid Redirect Mission, and the Future of Solar Electric Propulsion Dr. John Brophy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Abstract: PDF icon COLL.04.09.14.pdf The ongoing Dawn mission has as its goal the exploration of the two most massive main-belt asteroids, 4 Vesta and 1 Ceres. This mission is enabled by an on-board, solar powered, ion propulsion system that will

  9. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nazim Ali Bharmal, Comparisons of measured and calculated divergence over Niamey 1:15-1:30 Zheng Liu, Heating rates from CloudSat/ARM 1:30-1:45 Mandana Khaiyer, Improvement of Broadband Shortwave and Longwave Fluxes over ARM Domains 1:45-2:00 Leslie Moy, Clear and All Sky TOA OLR Comparisons between RTM Calculations and CERES Observations 2:00-2:15 Lazaros Oreopoulos, Comparison of radiative transfer codes via BBHRP 2:15-2:30 Sally McFarlane, BBHRP Testbed for Cloud Retrieval Evaluation

  10. BBHRP Breakout Schedule

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nazim Ali Bharmal, Comparisons of measured and calculated divergence over Niamey 1:15-1:30 Zheng Liu, Heating rates from CloudSat/ARM 1:30-1:45 Mandana Khaiyer, Improvement of Broadband Shortwave and Longwave Fluxes over ARM Domains 1:45-2:00 Leslie Moy, Clear and All Sky TOA OLR Comparisons between RTM Calculations and CERES Observations 2:00-2:15 Lazaros Oreopoulos, Comparison of radiative transfer codes via BBHRP 2:15-2:30 Sally McFarlane, BBHRP Testbed for Cloud Retrieval Evaluation

  11. FINAL REPORT DEVELOPMENT OF VEHICLE MAGNETIC AIR CONDITIONER (VMAC) TECHNOLOGY

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    FINAL REPORT ' DEVELOPMENT OF VEHICLE MAGNETIC AIR CONDITIONER (VMAC) TECHNOLOGY Karl A. Gschneidner, Jr., V. K. Pecharsky and David Jiles Institute for Physical Research and Technology Iowa State University Ames, Iowa 500 1 1-3020 . and Carl B. Zimm Astronautics Corporation of America Astronautics Technology Center 5802 Cottage Grove Rd Madison Wi 53718-1387 \ DOE Contract No.: DE-FC02-98 EE 50549 DOE Patent Clearance Granted ~ 9 m u u l c Mark P Dvorscak E-mail rnark.dvorscak@ch.doe Office ot

  12. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Isolating quarks Ben, You asked: my name is ben thompson and i am student teaching at downers grove north high school. we are doing a unit in electromagnetism and somehow came upon the concept of the quark. i did some web research only to find out a tiny bit about quarks and leptons. the question that one of my students stumped me with was whether or not the scientists at fermi lab have isolated any quarks yet. i do not know, and we have decided to allow you (the knowledgeable) to help us out.

  13. Manhattan Project: Difficult Choices, 1942

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES (1942) Events More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 By early 1942, as the United States suffered a series of

  14. Manhattan Project: Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer EVALUATIONS OF TRINITY (July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The

  15. Manhattan Project: The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Alpha Racetrack, Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant, Oak Ridge THE URANIUM PATH TO THE BOMB (1942-1944) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 The uranium path to the atomic bomb ran through Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Only if the new plants built at Oak Ridge produced enough enriched uranium-235 would a uranium bomb be possible. General Groves

  16. Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the Definition; Preprint

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the Definition Preprint P. Torcellini, S. Pless, and M. Deru National Renewable Energy Laboratory D. Crawley U.S. Department of Energy To be presented at ACEEE Summer Study Pacific Grove, California August 14-18, 2006 Conference Paper NREL/CP-550-39833 June 2006 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the

  17. OMB Approval 2700-0042

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 See 16C 06RL14383.006 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P. O. Box 550, MSIN A7-80 Richland, WA 99352 Same as item 6. 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No. Street, county, State and ZIP: Code) ( ) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. AdvanceMed Corp Computer Sciences Corp 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM 11) 15245 Shady Grove Road Rockville, MD 20850 10A. MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT/ORDER NO. ATTN: Thomas Marcinko √

  18. OMB Approval 2700-0042

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 See 16C 06RL14383.007 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P. O. Box 550, MSIN A7-80 Richland, WA 99352 Same as item 6. 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No. Street, county, State and ZIP: Code) ( ) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. AdvanceMed Corp Computer Sciences Corp 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM 11) 15245 Shady Grove Road Rockville, MD 20850 10A. MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT/ORDER NO. ATTN: Thomas Marcinko √

  19. OMB Approval 2700-0042

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    30 See 16C 06RL14383.007 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P. O. Box 550, MSIN A7-80 Richland, WA 99352 Same as item 6. 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No. Street, county, State and ZIP: Code) ( ) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. AdvanceMed Corp Computer Sciences Corp 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM 11) 15245 Shady Grove Road Rockville, MD 20850 10A. MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT/ORDER NO. ATTN: Thomas Marcinko √

  20. OMB Approval 2700-0042

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 See 16C 06-06RL14383.012 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P. O. Box 550, MSIN A7-80 Richland, WA 99352 Same as item 6. DOE Contracting POC: Richard Stimmel (509) 376-2882 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No. Street, county, State and ZIP: Code) ( ) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. AdvanceMed Corp Computer Sciences Corp 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM 11) 15245 Shady Grove Road Rockville, MD 20850 10A. MODIFICATION OF

  1. OMB Approval 2700-0042

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 See 16C 06-06RL14383.013 6. ISSUED BY CODE 7. ADMINISTERED BY (If other than Item 6) CODE U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P. O. Box 550, MSIN A7-80 Richland, WA 99352 Same as item 6. DOE Contracting POC: Richard Stimmel (509) 376-2882 8. NAME AND ADDRESS OF CONTRACTOR (No. Street, county, State and ZIP: Code) ( ) 9A. AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION NO. AdvanceMed Corp Computer Sciences Corp 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM 11) 15245 Shady Grove Road Rockville, MD 20850 10A. MODIFICATION OF

  2. Oxidation of step edges on vicinal 4H-SiC(0001) surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wenbo; Zhu, Qiaozhi; Wang, Dejun, E-mail: dwang121@dlut.edu.cn [School of Electronic Science and Technology, Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Electronic Science and Technology, Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao, Jijun [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams (Dalian University of Technology), College of Advanced Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams (Dalian University of Technology), College of Advanced Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2013-11-18

    The oxidation processes of stepped SiC(0001) surfaces are studied within the ab initio atomistic thermodynamics approach. Our calculations show that a one-dimensional -Si-O- chain structure as a precursor for oxide growth on stepped SiC surfaces is formed along the step edge, promoting further oxidation of the step edges. Following the modified Deal-Grove oxidation model, we also find that the oxidation rate at steps is higher than that at terraces by three orders of magnitude. These findings give a reasonable explanation for the oxide thickness fluctuation between the step and the terrace observed in the previous experiments.

  3. LBL-13492

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3492 <iCi^e-%\h'\^i-'^-0. m Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA ''felUdlEil Presented at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Conference, Actinides 1981, Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, CA, September 10-15, 1981 THE PLUTONIUM STORY Glenn T. Seaborg September 1981 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract W-7405-ENG-48 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United

  4. Correspondence (Top Secret) of the Manhattan Engineer District, 1942--1946

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-12-31

    This pamphlet prepared by the National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives Records Service provides an overview to a collection of formerly security classified `Top Secret` correspondence maintained by Major General Leslie Groves when commanding general of the Manhattan District from September, 1942 to December, 1946. The pamphlet describes the administrative history of the record collection. The records are described as well as how they are arranged along with finding aids and content of records. For further details concerning the se records the user is referred to the US National Archives, Washington.

  5. CAPTAIN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MCKEESPORT COR AOPOLIS-MOON REDHAW ST. CLAIR SC ROGGSFIELD FRANKLIN -OAK FOREST RIMERSBURG RENNERD AL E GREENVILL E PAT MOS CRABTR EE BLAC K ASH ROYALT ON N BAKERSTOWN QUEEN ROU GH RUN LUCAS BLAC K H ILL CRESTON WAT TSVILLE WADSWORTH -NORT H OAKLAN D HOM EWORT H UNIT Y ESSELBRUN ALAMED A PAR K-CROOKED RU CHERRY GROVE FRENC HTOWN ST EWART RUN MILL C REEK GLENF IELD-MOU NT NEBO HICKORY E HARRISVILLE E LEST ER GRIGGS CORNERS EN GLAN D WEST VIL LE LAKE BAILEY LAKE OAKFORD BR UNSWICK N HOR ACE

  6. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chicago North IL Site - IL 05

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    North IL Site - IL 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Chicago North, IL Alternate Name(s): National Guard Armory 124th Field Artillery Armory Illinois National Guard Armory Site IL.05-4 IL.05-5 Location: 5200 Cottage Grove Avenue, Chicago, Illinois IL.05-4 Historical Operations: Processed and stored uranium metal, resulting in uranium metal and dry uranium oxide contamination. Metallurgical operations were conducted by the University of Chicago, an MED contractor. IL.05-5 IL.05-7 IL.05-8 Eligibility

  7. Popular Science Recognizes Innovative Solar Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL

  8. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Metals Disintegrating Co Inc - NJ 0-03

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Disintegrating Co Inc - NJ 0-03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: METALS DISINTEGRATING CO., INC. (NJ.0-03 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 271 Grove Avenue , Verona or Elizabeth , New Jersey NJ.0-03-1 NJ.0-03-2 NJ.0-03-3 Evaluation Year: 1987 NJ.0-03-3 Site Operations: Provided nickel to Linde. NJ.0-03-3 NJ.0-03-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No radioactive materials were handled at this site. NJ.0-03-3 Radioactive

  9. CANTON LAKESHORE CANTON E BEST CON NEAUT GIDD INGS EAST N ELLSWORT

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    MCKEESPORT COR AOPOLIS-MOON REDHAW ST. CLAIR SC ROGGSFIELD FRANKLIN -OAK FOREST RIMERSBURG RENNERD AL E GREENVILL E PAT MOS CRABTR EE BLAC K ASH ROYALT ON N BAKERSTOWN QUEEN ROU GH RUN LUCAS BLAC K H ILL CRESTON WAT TSVILLE WADSWORTH -NORT H OAKLAN D HOM EWORT H UNIT Y ESSELBRUN ALAMED A PAR K-CROOKED RU CHERRY GROVE FRENC HTOWN ST EWART RUN MILL C REEK GLENF IELD-MOU NT NEBO HICKORY E HARRISVILLE E LEST ER GRIGGS CORNERS EN GLAN D WEST VIL LE LAKE BAILEY LAKE OAKFORD BR UNSWICK N HOR ACE

  10. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RTM.P2.01 Milestone Report 3D SN Transport Tom Evans Oak Ridge National Laboratory June 30, 2011 CASL-U-2011-0018-000 CASL-U-2011-0018-000 3D SN Transport Thomas M. Evans CASL MNM PI Meeting 7-MAR-2011 ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN CASL-U-2011-0018-000 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Denovo Parallel S N Contributors ORNL Staff * Greg Davidson * Josh Jarrell * Bob Grove * Chris Baker * Andrew Godfrey * Kevin Clarno * Douglas Peplow * Scott Mosher CASL * Roger Pawloski * Brian

  11. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 1999-June 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse TRU Solutions

    2002-10-01

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations during operations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports on a quarterly basis to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after excavation of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 1999, to June 30, 2000. It is divided into ten chapters. The remainder of Chapter 1 provides background information on the WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the geomechanical instrumentation located in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the three main portions of the WIPP underground facility (the access drifts, the Northern Experimental Area, and the Waste Disposal Area). Chapter 8 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which includes fracture mapping, borehole logging, and borehole observations. Chapter 9 provides an assessment of the hydrologic conditions near the Exhaust Shaft. Chapter 10 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements.

  12. Waste Isolation PIlot Plant Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2005 - June 2006, Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2006-04-03

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports quarterly to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after early excavations of the underground facility. Since completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 2005, to June 30, 2006. It is divided into nine chapters. Chapter 1 provides background information on WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the geomechanical instrumentation in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5 and 6 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the two main portions of the WIPP underground (the access drifts and the waste disposal area). Chapter 7 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which include fracture mapping and borehole observations. Chapter 8 summarizes the results of geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements. Chapter 9 lists references.

  13. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2000-June 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse TRU Solutions

    2002-09-26

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations during operations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports on a quarterly basis to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after excavation of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2001. It is divided into ten chapters. The remainder of Chapter 1 provides background information on WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the geomechanical instrumentation located in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the three main portions of the WIPP underground facility (the access drifts, the Northern Experimental Area, and the Waste Disposal Area). Chapter 8 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which include fracture and stratigraphic mapping, borehole and core logging, and borehole observations. Chapter 9 provides an assessment of the hydrologic conditions near the Exhaust Shaft. Chapter 10 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements.

  14. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2001 - June 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2002-09-20

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports on a quarterly basis to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after excavation of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 2001, to June 30, 2002. It is divided into ten chapters. The remainder of Chapter 1 provides background information on WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the geomechanical instrumentation located in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the three main portions of the WIPP underground facility (the access drifts, the Northern Experimental Area, and the Waste Disposal Area). Chapter 8 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which include fracture and stratigraphic mapping, borehole and core logging, and borehole observations. Chapter 9 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements. Chapter 10 lists the References and Bibliography.

  15. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 2004 - June 2005, Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington TRU Solutions LLC

    2006-04-03

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports quarterly to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after early excavations of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 2004, to June 30, 2005. It is divided into nine chapters. Chapter 1 provides background information on WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the Geomechanical Monitoring Program. Chapter 2 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the geomechanical instrumentation in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5 and 6 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the two main portions of the WIPP underground (the access drifts and the waste disposal area). Chapter 7 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which include fracture mapping and borehole observations. Chapter 8 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements. Chapter 9 lists the references and bibliography.

  16. Geotechnical Analysis Report for July 1998-June 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westinghouse

    2002-08-29

    This Geotechnical Analysis Report (GAR) presents and interprets the geotechnical data from the underground excavations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The data, which are obtained as part of a regular monitoring program, are used to characterize conditions, to compare actual performance to the design assumptions, and to evaluate and forecast the performance of the underground excavations during operations. GARs have been available to the public since 1983. During the Site and Preliminary Design Validation (SPDV) Program, the architect/engineer for the project produced these reports on a quarterly basis to document the geomechanical performance during and immediately after excavation of the underground facility. Since the completion of the construction phase of the project in 1987, the management and operating contractor for the facility has prepared these reports annually. This report describes the performance and condition of selected areas from July 1, 1998, to June 30, 1999. It is divided into nine chapters. The remainder of Chapter 1.0 provides background information on the WIPP, its mission, and the purpose and scope of the geomechanical monitoring program. Chapter 2.0 describes the local and regional geology of the WIPP site. Chapters 3.0 and 4.0 describe the geomechanical instrumentation located in the shafts and shaft stations, present the data collected by that instrumentation, and provide interpretation of these data. Chapters 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0 present the results of geomechanical monitoring in the three main portions of the WIPP underground facility (the access drifts, the Northern Experimental Area, and the Waste Disposal Area). Chapter 8.0 discusses the results of the Geoscience Program, which includes fracture mapping, borehole logging, and borehole observations. Chapter 9.0 summarizes the results of the geomechanical monitoring and compares the current excavation performance to the design requirements.

  17. Improvement in Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System/Surface and Atmosphere Radiation Budget Dust Aerosol Properties, Effects on Surface Validation of Clouds and Radiative Swath

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutan, D.; Rose, F.; Charlock, T.P.

    2005-03-18

    Within the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) science team (Wielicki et al. 1996), the Surface and Atmospheric Radiation Budget (SARB) group is tasked with calculating vertical profiles of heating rates, globally, and continuously, beneath CERES footprint observations of Top of Atmosphere (TOA) fluxes. This is accomplished using a fast radiative transfer code originally developed by Qiang Fu and Kuo-Nan Liou (Fu and Liou 1993) and subsequently highly modified by the SARB team. Details on the code and its inputs can be found in Kato et al. (2005) and Rose and Charlock (2002). Among the many required inputs is characterization of the vertical column profile of aerosols beneath each footprint. To do this SARB combines aerosol optical depth information from the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument along with aerosol constituents specified by the Model for Atmosphere and Chemical Transport (MATCH) of Collins et al. (2001), and aerosol properties (e.g. single scatter albedo and asymmetry parameter) from Tegen and Lacis (1996) and OPAC (Hess et al. 1998). The publicly available files that include these flux profiles, called the Clouds and Radiative Swath (CRS) data product, available from the Langley Atmospheric Sciences Data Center (http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/). As various versions of the code are completed, publishable results are named ''Editions.'' After CRS Edition 2A was finalized it was found that dust aerosols were too absorptive. Dust aerosols have subsequently been modified using a new set of properties developed by Andy Lacis and results have been released in CRS Edition 2B. This paper discusses the effects of changing desert dust aerosol properties, which can be significant for the radiation budget in mid ocean, a few thousand kilometers from the source regions. Resulting changes are validated via comparison of surface observed fluxes from the Saudi Solar Village surface site (Myers et al. 1999), and the E13 site at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM), Southern Great Plains (SGP) central facility.

  18. Design of a self-aligned, wide temperature range (300 mK-300 K) atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope with 10 nm magnetic force microscope resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karc?, zgr; Dede, Mnir

    2014-10-01

    We describe the design of a wide temperature range (300 mK-300 K) atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope with a self-aligned fibre-cantilever mechanism. An alignment chip with alignment groves and a special mechanical design are used to eliminate tedious and time consuming fibre-cantilever alignment procedure for the entire temperature range. A low noise, Michelson fibre interferometer was integrated into the system for measuring deflection of the cantilever. The spectral noise density of the system was measured to be ~12 fm/?Hz at 4.2 K at 3 mW incident optical power. Abrikosov vortices in BSCCO(2212) single crystal sample and a high density hard disk sample were imaged at 10 nm resolution to demonstrate the performance of the system.

  19. Vegetation survey of PEN Branch wetlands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    A survey was conducted of vegetation along Pen Branch Creek at Savannah River Site (SRS) in support of K-Reactor restart. Plants were identified to species by overstory, understory, shrub, and groundcover strata. Abundance was also characterized and richness and diversity calculated. Based on woody species basal area, the Pen Branch delta was the most impacted, followed by the sections between the reactor and the delta. Species richness for shrub and groundcover strata were also lowest in the delta. No endangered plant species were found. Three upland pine areas were also sampled. In support of K Reactor restart, this report summarizes a study of the wetland vegetation along Pen Branch. Reactor effluent enters Indian Grove Branch and then flows into Pen Branch and the Pen Branch Delta.

  20. Spectroscopic measurement of ion temperature and ion velocity distributions in the flux-coil generated FRC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, D.; Gota, H.; Hayashi, R.; Kiyashko, V.; Morehouse, M.; Primavera, S.; Bolte, N.; Marsili, P.; Roche, T.; Wessel, F.

    2010-10-15

    One aim of the flux-coil generated field reversed configuration at Tri Alpha Energy (TAE) is to establish the plasma where the ion rotational energy is greater than the ion thermal energy. To verify this, an optical diagnostic was developed to simultaneously measure the Doppler velocity-shift and line-broadening using a 0.75 m, 1800 groves/mm, spectrometer. The output spectrum is magnified and imaged onto a 16-channel photomultiplier tube (PMT) array. The individual PMT outputs are coupled to high-gain, high-frequency, transimpedance amplifiers, providing fast-time response. The Doppler spectroscopy measurements, along with a survey spectrometer and photodiode-light detector, form a suite of diagnostics that provide insights into the time evolution of the plasma-ion distribution and current when accelerated by an azimuthal-electric field.

  1. Gas atomized precursor alloy powder for oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rieken, Joel

    2011-12-13

    Gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) was employed as a simplified method for producing precursor powders for oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic stainless steels (e.g., Fe-Cr-Y-(Ti,Hf)-O), departing from the conventional mechanical alloying (MA) process. During GARS processing a reactive atomization gas (i.e., Ar-O{sub 2}) was used to oxidize the powder surfaces during primary break-up and rapid solidification of the molten alloy. This resulted in envelopment of the powders by an ultra-thin (t < 150 nm) metastable Cr-enriched oxide layer that was used as a vehicle for solid-state transport of O into the consolidated microstructure. In an attempt to better understand the kinetics of this GARS reaction, theoretical cooling curves for the atomized droplets were calculated and used to establish an oxidation model for this process. Subsequent elevated temperature heat treatments, which were derived from Rhines pack measurements using an internal oxidation model, were used to promote thermodynamically driven O exchange reactions between trapped films of the initial Cr-enriched surface oxide and internal Y-enriched intermetallic precipitates. This novel microstructural evolution process resulted in the successful formation of nano-metric Y-enriched dispersoids, as confirmed using high energy X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), equivalent to conventional ODS alloys from MA powders. The thermal stability of these Y-enriched dispersoids was evaluated using high temperature (1200°C) annealing treatments ranging from 2.5 to 1,000 hrs of exposure. In a further departure from current ODS practice, replacing Ti with additions of Hf appeared to improve the Y-enriched dispersoid thermal stability by means of crystal structure modification. Additionally, the spatial distribution of the dispersoids was found to depend strongly on the original rapidly solidified microstructure. To exploit this, ODS microstructures were engineered from different powder particle size ranges, illustrating microstructural control as a function of particle solidification rate. The consolidation of ultra-fine powders (dia. ≤ 5μm) resulted in a significant reduction in dispersoid size and spacing, consistent with initial scanning electron microscopy studies on as-atomized cross-sectioned particles that suggested that these powders solidified above the threshold velocity to effectively solute trap Y within the α-(Fe,Cr) matrix. Interestingly, when the solidification velocity as a function of particle size was extracted from the aforementioned theoretical particle cooling curves, it could be offered as supporting evidence for these microstructure observations. Thermal-mechanical treatments also were used to create and evaluate the stability of a dislocation substructure within these alloys, using microhardness and TEM analysis of the alloy sub-grain and grain structure. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile tests up to 800°C were used to assess the initial mechanical strength of the ODS microstructure.

  2. Over 150 years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liang, Yuting; Wu, Liyou; Clark, Ian M.; Xue, Kai; Yang, Yunfeng; Van Nostrand, Joy D.; Deng, Ye; He, Zhili; McGrath, Steve; Storkey, Jonathan; et al

    2015-04-07

    Spatial scaling is a critical issue in ecology, but how anthropogenic activities like fertilization affect spatial scaling is poorly understood, especially for microbial communities. Here, we determined the effects of long-term fertilization on the spatial scaling of microbial functional diversity and its relationships to plant diversity in the 150-year-old Park Grass Experiment, the oldest continuous grassland experiment in the world. Nested samples were taken from plots with contrasting inorganic fertilization regimes, and community DNAs were analyzed using the GeoChip-based functional gene array. The slopes of microbial gene-area relationships (GARs) and plant species-area relationships (SARs) were estimated in a plot receivingmore » nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and a control plot without fertilization. Our results indicated that long-term inorganic fertilization significantly increased both microbial GARs and plant SARs. Microbial spatial turnover rates (i.e., z values) were less than 0.1 and were significantly higher in the fertilized plot (0.0583) than in the control plot (0.0449) (P < 0.0001). The z values also varied significantly with different functional genes involved in carbon (C), N, P, and sulfur (S) cycling and with various phylogenetic groups (archaea, bacteria, and fungi). Similarly, the plant SARs increased significantly (P < 0.0001), from 0.225 in the control plot to 0.419 in the fertilized plot. Soil fertilization, plant diversity, and spatial distance had roughly equal contributions in shaping the microbial functional community structure, while soil geochemical variables contributed less. Results indicated that long-term agricultural practice could alter the spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity. Determining the spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity and its response to human activities is important but challenging in microbial ecology. Most studies to date are based on different sites that may not be truly comparable or on short-term perturbations, and hence, the results observed could represent transient responses. This study examined the spatial patterns of microbial communities in response to different fertilization regimes at the Rothamsted Research Experimental Station, which has become an invaluable resource for ecologists, environmentalists, and soil scientists. The current study is the first showing that long-term fertilization has dramatic impacts on the spatial scaling of microbial communities. In addition, by identifying the spatial patterns in response to long-term fertilization and their underlying mechanisms, the study makes fundamental contributions to predictive understanding of microbial biogeography.« less

  3. Over 150 years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, Yuting; Wu, Liyou; Clark, Ian M.; Xue, Kai; Yang, Yunfeng; Van Nostrand, Joy D.; Deng, Ye; He, Zhili; McGrath, Steve; Storkey, Jonathan; Hirsch, Penny R.; Sun, Bo; Zhou, Jizhong

    2015-04-07

    Spatial scaling is a critical issue in ecology, but how anthropogenic activities like fertilization affect spatial scaling is poorly understood, especially for microbial communities. Here, we determined the effects of long-term fertilization on the spatial scaling of microbial functional diversity and its relationships to plant diversity in the 150-year-old Park Grass Experiment, the oldest continuous grassland experiment in the world. Nested samples were taken from plots with contrasting inorganic fertilization regimes, and community DNAs were analyzed using the GeoChip-based functional gene array. The slopes of microbial gene-area relationships (GARs) and plant species-area relationships (SARs) were estimated in a plot receiving nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and a control plot without fertilization. Our results indicated that long-term inorganic fertilization significantly increased both microbial GARs and plant SARs. Microbial spatial turnover rates (i.e., z values) were less than 0.1 and were significantly higher in the fertilized plot (0.0583) than in the control plot (0.0449) (P < 0.0001). The z values also varied significantly with different functional genes involved in carbon (C), N, P, and sulfur (S) cycling and with various phylogenetic groups (archaea, bacteria, and fungi). Similarly, the plant SARs increased significantly (P < 0.0001), from 0.225 in the control plot to 0.419 in the fertilized plot. Soil fertilization, plant diversity, and spatial distance had roughly equal contributions in shaping the microbial functional community structure, while soil geochemical variables contributed less. Results indicated that long-term agricultural practice could alter the spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity. Determining the spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity and its response to human activities is important but challenging in microbial ecology. Most studies to date are based on different sites that may not be truly comparable or on short-term perturbations, and hence, the results observed could represent transient responses. This study examined the spatial patterns of microbial communities in response to different fertilization regimes at the Rothamsted Research Experimental Station, which has become an invaluable resource for ecologists, environmentalists, and soil scientists. The current study is the first showing that long-term fertilization has dramatic impacts on the spatial scaling of microbial communities. In addition, by identifying the spatial patterns in response to long-term fertilization and their underlying mechanisms, the study makes fundamental contributions to predictive understanding of microbial biogeography.

  4. Deformation analysis of Aceh April 11{sup th} 2012 earthquake using GPS observation data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maulida, Putra; Meilano, Irwan; Sarsito, Dina A.; Susilo

    2015-04-24

    This research tries to estimate the co-seismic deformation of intraplate earthquake occurred off northern Sumatra coast which is about 100-200 km southwest of Sumatrasubduction zone. The earthquake mechanism was strike-slip with magnitude 8.6 and triggering aftershock with magnitude 8.2 two hours later. We estimated the co-seismic deformation by using the GPS (Global Positioning System) continuous data along western Sumatra coast. The GPS observation derived from Sumatran GPS Array (SuGAr) and Geospatial Information Agency (BIG). For data processing we used GPS Analyze at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (GAMIT) software and Global Kalman Filter (GLOBK) to estimate the co-seismic deformation. From the GPS daily solution, the result shows that the earthquake caused displacement for the GPS stations in Sumatra. GPS stations in northern Sumatra showed the displacement to the northeast with the average displacement was 15 cm. The biggest displacement was found at station BSIM which is located at Simeuleu Island off north west Sumatra coast. GPS station in middle part of Sumatra, the displacement was northwest. The earthquake also caused subsidence for stations in northern Sumatra, but from the time series there was not sign of subsidence was found at middle part of Sumatra. In addition, the effect of the earthquake was worldwide and affected the other GPS Stations around Hindia oceanic.

  5. DETAILED COMPOSITIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE HEAVILY POLLUTED DBZ WHITE DWARF SDSS J073842.56+183509.06: A WINDOW ON PLANET FORMATION?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dufour, P.; Fontaine, G.; Bergeron, P.; Kilic, M.; Melis, C.; Bochanski, J.

    2012-04-10

    We present a new model atmosphere analysis of the most metal-contaminated white dwarf known, the DBZ SDSS J073842.56+183509.06. Using new high-resolution spectroscopic observations taken with Keck and Magellan, we determine precise atmospheric parameters and measure abundances of 14 elements heavier than helium. We also report new Spitzer mid-infrared photometric data that are used to better constrain the properties of the debris disk orbiting this star. Our detailed analysis, which combines data taken from seven different observational facilities (Galaxy Evolution Explorer, Gemini, Keck, Magellan, MMT, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and Spitzer), clearly demonstrates that J0738+1835 is accreting large amounts of rocky terrestrial-like material that has been tidally disrupted into a debris disk. We estimate that the body responsible for the photospheric metal contamination was at least as large as Ceres, but was much drier, with less than 1% of the mass contained in the form of water ice, indicating that it formed interior to the snow line around its parent star. We also find a correlation between the abundances (relative to Mg and bulk Earth) and the condensation temperature; refractory species are clearly depleted, while the more volatile elements are possibly enhanced. This could be the signature of a body that formed in a lower temperature environment than where Earth formed. Alternatively, we could be witnessing the remains of a differentiated body that lost a large part of its outer layers.

  6. Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 550: Smoky Contamination Area Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, Patrick K.

    2015-02-01

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 550: Smoky Contamination Area, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. CAU 550 includes 19 corrective action sites (CASs), which consist of one weapons-related atmospheric test (Smoky), three safety experiments (Ceres, Oberon, Titania), and 15 debris sites (Table ES-1). The CASs were sorted into the following study groups based on release potential and technical similarities: • Study Group 1, Atmospheric Test • Study Group 2, Safety Experiments • Study Group 3, Washes • Study Group 4, Debris The purpose of this document is to provide justification and documentation supporting the conclusion that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 550 based on implementation of the corrective actions listed in Table ES-1. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed between August 2012 and October 2013 as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 550: Smoky Contamination Area; and in accordance with the Soils Activity Quality Assurance Plan. The approach for the CAI was to investigate and make data quality objective (DQO) decisions based on the types of releases present. The purpose of the CAI was to fulfill data needs as defined during the DQO process. The CAU 550 dataset of investigation results was evaluated based on a data quality assessment. This assessment demonstrated the dataset is complete and acceptable for use in fulfilling the DQO data needs.

  7. Petroleum potential of the Upper Ordovician Maquoketa Group in Illinois: A coordinated geological and geochemical study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crockett, J.E.; Oltz, D.F. ); Kruge, M.A. )

    1990-05-01

    The Ordovician Maquoketa Group in Illinois, predominantly composed of shale, calcareous shale, and carbonates, has long been considered a potential source for Illinois basin hydrocarbons. Methods used to better define the petroleum potential of the Maquoketa in the Illinois basin were lithostratigraphic study, Rock-Eval (pyrolysis) analyses, comparison of molecular markers from whole-rock extracts and produced oil, and construction of burial history models. Organic-rich submature Maquoketa potential source rocks are present in western Illinois at shallow depths on the basin flank. Deeper in the basin in southern Illinois, Rock-Eval analyses indicate that the Maquoketa shale is within the oil window. Solvent extracts of the Maquoketa from western Illinois closely resemble the Devonian New Albany Shale, suggesting that past studies may have erroneously attributed Maquoketa-generated petroleum to a New Albany source or failed to identify mixed source oils. Subtle differences between Maquoketa and New Albany solvent extracts include differences in pristane/phytane ratios, proportions of steroids, and distribution of dimethyldibenzothiophene isomers. Maquoketa solvent extracts show little resemblance to Middle Ordovician oils from the Illinois or Michigan basins. Lithostratigraphic studies identified localized thick carbonate facies in the Maquoketa, suggesting depositional response to upper Ordovician paleostructures. Sandstone facies in the Maquoketa in southwestern Illinois offer a potential source/trap play, as well as serving as potential carrier beds for hydrocarbon migration. Maquoketa source and carrier beds may feed older Ordovician rocks in faulted areas along and south of the Cottage Grove fault system in southern Illinois.

  8. Integrated Mid-Continent Carbon Capture, Sequestration & Enhanced Oil Recovery Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian McPherson

    2010-08-31

    A consortium of research partners led by the Southwest Regional Partnership on Carbon Sequestration and industry partners, including CAP CO2 LLC, Blue Source LLC, Coffeyville Resources, Nitrogen Fertilizers LLC, Ash Grove Cement Company, Kansas Ethanol LLC, Headwaters Clean Carbon Services, Black & Veatch, and Schlumberger Carbon Services, conducted a feasibility study of a large-scale CCS commercialization project that included large-scale CO{sub 2} sources. The overall objective of this project, entitled the 'Integrated Mid-Continent Carbon Capture, Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project' was to design an integrated system of US mid-continent industrial CO{sub 2} sources with CO{sub 2} capture, and geologic sequestration in deep saline formations and in oil field reservoirs with concomitant EOR. Findings of this project suggest that deep saline sequestration in the mid-continent region is not feasible without major financial incentives, such as tax credits or otherwise, that do not exist at this time. However, results of the analysis suggest that enhanced oil recovery with carbon sequestration is indeed feasible and practical for specific types of geologic settings in the Midwestern U.S.

  9. Toroidal Alfvn Eigenmodes in TFTR Deuterium-Tritium Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.Y. Fu; H. Berk; R. Nazikian; S.H. Batha; Z. Chang; et al

    1998-01-01

    Purely alpha-particle-driven Toroidal Alfvn Eigenmodes (TAEs) with toroidal mode numbers n=1-6 have been observed in Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) plasmas on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor [D.J. Grove and D.M. Meade, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1167 (1985)]. The appearance of mode activity following termination of neutral beam injection in plasmas with q(0)>1 is generally consistent with theoretical predictions of TAE stability [G.Y. Fu et al., Phys. Plasmas 3, 4036 (1996]. Internal reflectometer measurements of TAE activity is compared with theoretical calculations of the radial mode structure. Core localization of the modes to the region of reduced central magnetic shear is confirmed, however the mode structure can deviate significantly from theoretical estimates. The peak measured TAE amplitude of delta n/n~10(superscript -4) at r/a~0.3-0.4 corresponds to delta B/B~10-5, while dB/B~10(superscript -8) is measured at the plasma edge. Enhanced alpha particle loss associated with TAE activity has not been observed.

  10. Wet processing of palladium for use in the tritium facility at Westinghouse, Savannah River, SC. Preparation of palladium using the Mound Muddy Water process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, D.P.; Zamzow, D.S.

    1998-11-10

    Palladium used at Savannah River for tritium storage is currently obtained from a commercial source. In order to better understand the processes involved in preparing this material, Savannah River is supporting investigations into the chemical reactions used to synthesize this material and into the conditions necessary to produce palladium powder that meets their specifications. This better understanding may help to guarantee a continued reliable source for this material in the future. As part of this evaluation, a work-for-others contract between Westinghouse Savannah River Company and the Ames Laboratory Metallurgy and Ceramics Program was initiated. During FY98, the process for producing palladium powder developed in 1986 by Dan Grove of Mound Applied Technologies (USDOE) was studied to understand the processing conditions that lead to changes in morphology in the final product. This report details the results of this study of the Mound Muddy Water process, along with the results of a round-robin analysis of well-characterized palladium samples that was performed by Savannah River and Ames Laboratory. The Mound Muddy Water process is comprised of three basic wet chemical processes, palladium dissolution, neutralization, and precipitation, with a number of filtration steps to remove unwanted impurity precipitates.

  11. Pyrolytic incineration system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiFonzo, M.A.

    1989-01-31

    An incineration system is described comprising: a pyrolysis chamber for gasifying materials, the chamber comprising a generally cylindrical wall, a circular front head and a circular rear head, the interior of the chamber being lined with refractory material; a flat hearth comprising a plurality of plates made of nonporous material, opposing sides of the plates being support edges, one of the edges on each plate being designed to sit on one of the support groves and the opposing edge of each plate being designed to sit on the support ridge; a system for cooling the cylindrical wall and the rear head of the pyrolysis chamber, the cooling system comprising a skirt mounted to the lower portion of the cylindrical wall and having an intake for atmospheric air, a plurality of lower inlets in each side of the cylindrical wall, a plurality of upper outlets in each side of the cylindrical wall; ash removal means comprising a ram movable between a first retracted position and a second extended position, external means for extending and retracting the ram, a rear access assembly for selectively permitting access of the ram to the interior of the chamber; and a thermal reactor comprising a cylindrical premixing section connected to the upper opening of the chamber and having first air jets designed to inject a preselected amount of combustion air directed into the premixing section and away from the upper opening and imparting an axial direction to the combustion air and gasified material.

  12. Ultrasonic Phased Array Evaluation of Control Rod Drive Mechanism (CRDM) Nozzle Interference Fit and Weld Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Mathews, Royce; Hanson, Brady D.; Diaz, Aaron A.

    2011-07-31

    Ultrasonic phased array data were collected on a removed-from-service CRDM nozzle specimen to assess a previously reported leak path. First a mock-up CRDM specimen was evaluated that contained two 0.076-mm (3.0-mil) interference fit regions formed from an actual Inconel CRDM tube and two 152.4-mm (6.0-in.) thick carbon steel blocks. One interference fit region has a series of precision crafted electric discharge machining (EDM) notches at various lengths, widths, depths, and spatial separations for establishing probe sensitivity, resolution and calibration. The other interference fit has zones of boric acid (crystal form) spaced periodically between the tube and block to represent an actively leaking CRDM nozzle assembly in the field. Ultrasonic phased-array evaluations were conducted using an immersion 8-element annular 5.0-MHz probe from the tube inner diameter (ID). A variety of focal laws were employed to evaluate the interference fit regions and J grove weld, where applicable. Responses from the mock-up specimen were evaluated to determine detection limits and characterization ability as well as contrast the ultrasonic response differences with the presence of boric acid in the fit region. Nozzle 63, from the North Anna Unit-2 nuclear power plant, was evaluated to assess leakage path(s) and was destructively dismantled to allow a visual verification of the leak path(s).

  13. Analyzing the Effect of Variations in Soil and Management Practices on the Sustainability of Corn Stover-Based Bioethanol Production in Mississippi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woli, Prem; Paz, Joel

    2011-08-07

    The inherent variability in corn stover productivity due to variations in soils and crop management practices might contribute to a variation in corn stover-based bioethanol sustainability. This study was carried out to examine how changes in soil types and crop management options would affect corn stover yield (CSY) and the sustainability of the stover-based ethanol production in the Delta region of Mississippi. Based on potential acreage and geographical representation, three locations were selected. Using CERES-Maize model, stover yields were simulated for several scenarios of soils and crop management options. Based on 'net energy value (NEV)' computed from CSYs, a sustainability indicator for stover-based bioethanol production was established. The effects of soils and crop management options on CSY and NEV were determined using ANOVA tests and regression analyses. Both CSY and NEV were significantly different across sandy loam, silt loam, and silty clay loam soils and also across high-, mid-, and low-yielding cultivars. With an increase in irrigation level, both CSY and NEV increased initially and decreased after reaching a peak. A third-degree polynomial relationship was found between planting date and CSY and NEV each. By moving from the lowest to the highest production scenario, values of CSY and NEV could be increased by 86 to 553%, depending on location and weather condition. The effects of variations in soils and crop management options on NEV were the same as on CSY. The NEV was positive for all scenarios, indicating that corn stover-based ethanol production system in the Delta region is sustainable.

  14. Argonne National Laboratory summary site environmental report for calendar year 2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golchert, N. W.

    2009-05-22

    This summary of Argonne National Laboratory's Site Environmental Report for calendar year 2007 was written by 20 students at Downers Grove South High School in Downers Grove, Ill. The student authors are classmates in Mr. Howard's Bio II course. Biology II is a research-based class that teaches students the process of research by showing them how the sciences apply to daily life. For the past seven years, Argonne has worked with Biology II students to create a short document summarizing the Site Environmental Report to provide the public with an easy-to-read summary of the annual 300-page technical report on the results of Argonne's on-site environmental monitoring program. The summary is made available online and given to visitors to Argonne, researchers interested in collaborating with Argonne, future employees, and many others. In addition to providing Argonne and the public with an easily understandable short summary of a large technical document, the participating students learn about professional environmental monitoring procedures, achieve a better understanding of the time and effort put forth into summarizing and publishing research, and gain confidence in their own abilities to express themselves in writing. The Argonne Summary Site Environmental Report fits into the educational needs for 12th grade students. Illinois State Educational Goal 12 states that a student should understand the fundamental concepts, principles, and interconnections of the life, physical, and earth/space sciences. To create this summary booklet, the students had to read and understand the larger technical report, which discusses in-depth many activities and programs that have been established by Argonne to maintain a safe local environment. Creating this Summary Site Environmental Report also helps students fulfill Illinois State Learning Standard 12B5a, which requires that students be able to analyze and explain biodiversity issues, and the causes and effects of extinction. The same standard requires that Illinois students examine the impact of diminishing biodiversity due to human activity. An example of this would be the Argonne Restoration Prairie, which is discussed within the report. Because humans had to destroy part of a natural prairie in order to build, they must also plant an equivalent amount of prairie to make up for what was destroyed. The summary project perfectly meets Illinois State Learning Standard 13B section 5b, which requires students to be able to design and conduct an environmental impact study, analyze findings, and justify recommendations. Students volunteered for the project for two main reasons: We would become published authors, and could include that fact on important documents, like college applications, and we felt we were doing a good deed for the public, considering that without our summary the public may have no real idea how Argonne complies with various environmental protection acts and programs within the state. The summarization process was not easy, considering that we had never seen much of this kind of information before, especially in such detail. The project required a high level of commitment from all involved. This commitment ensured that the summary would be done on time and would be available to the public in the shortest time possible. Argonne representatives Norbert Golchert and Dave Baurac met with students and gave background information on Argonne and explained the importance of the research being done. In addition, they explained in-depth how the public benefits from the summarization. At the end of the presentation, students asked some questions, which were answered in specifics. The Report was divided into 10 sections, with groups of two students covering each section. The groups were eager to begin work on their assigned sections. After reading the complete report each group focused on a particular section. After much careful reading and analysis, we produced an outline. From the outline, partners divided work equally and began to carefully summarize. Groups summaries were edited,

  15. Regional analysis of non-methane hydrocarbons and meteorology of the rural southeast United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagerman, L.M.

    1996-11-01

    Measurements of non-methane hydrocarbons, as well as ozone, meteorological and trace gas data, were made at four rural sites located within the southeastern United States as a part of the Southern Oxidants Study. Fifty-six C2-C10 hydrocarbons were collected from 1200-1300 local time, once every six days from September 1992 through October 1993. The measurements were made in an effort to enhance the understanding of the behavior and trends of ozone and other photochemical oxidants in this region. The light molecular weight alkanes (ethane, propane, n-butane, iso-butane), ethene and acetylene display a seasonal variation with a winter maximum and summer minimum. Isoprene was virtually non-existent during the winter at all sites, and averaged from 9.8 ppbC (Yorkville, GA) to 21.15 ppbC (Centreville, AL) during the summer. The terpene concentration was greatest in the summer with averages ranging between 3.19 ppbC (Centreville, AL) to 6.38 ppbC (Oak Grove, MS), but was also emitted during the winter months, with a range of 1.25 to 1.9 ppbC for all sites. Propylene-equivalent concentrations were calculated to account for differences in reaction rates between the hydroxyl radical and individual hydrocarbons, and to thereby estimate their relative contribution to ozone, especially in regards to the highly reactive biogenic compounds such as isoprene. It was calculated that biogenics represent at least 65% of the total non-methane hydrocarbon sum at these four sites during the summer season when considering propylene-equivalent concentrations. An ozone episode which occurred from July 20 to July 24 1993 was used as an example to show ozone profiles at each of the sites, and to show the effect of synoptic meteorology on high ozone by examining NOAA daily weather maps and climatic data.

  16. Final Environmental Impact Statement for the construction and operation of Claiborne Enrichment Center, Homer, Louisiana (Docket No. 70-3-70). Volume 2, Public comments and NRC response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zeitoun, A.

    1994-08-01

    The Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) (Volume 1), was prepared by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in accordance with regulation 10 CFR Part 51, which implements the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), to assess the potential environmental impacts for licensing the construction and operation of a proposed gaseous centrifuge enrichment facility to be built in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana by Louisiana Energy Services, L.P. (LES). The proposed facility would have a production capacity of about 866 metric tons annually of up to 5 weight percent enriched UF{sub 6}, using a proven centrifuge technology. Included in the assessment are co on, both normal operations and potential accidents (internal and external events), and the eventual decontamination and decommissioning of the site. In order to help assure that releases from the operation of the facility and potential impacts on the public are as low as reasonably achievable, an environmental monitoring program was developed by LES to detect significant changes in the background levels of uranium around the site. Other issues addressed include the purpose and need for the facility, the alternatives to the proposed action, potential disposition of the tails, the site selection process, and environmental justice. The NRC staff concludes that the facility can be constructed and operated with small and acceptable impacts on the public and the environment, and proposes to issue a license to the applicant, Louisiana Energy Services, to authorize construction and operation of the proposed facility. The letters in this Appendix have been divided into three sections. Section One contains letters to which the NRC responded by addressing specific comments. Section Two contains the letters that concerned the communities of Forest Grove and Center Springs. Section Three is composed of letters that required no response. These letters were generally in support of the facility.

  17. Instantaneous spatially local projective measurements are consistent in a relativistic quantum field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Shih-Yuin

    2012-12-15

    Suppose the postulate of measurement in quantum mechanics can be extended to quantum field theory; then a local projective measurement at some moment on an object locally coupled with a relativistic quantum field will result in a projection or collapse of the wavefunctional of the combined system defined on the whole time-slice associated with the very moment of the measurement, if the relevant degrees of freedom have nonzero correlations. This implies that the wavefunctionals in the same Hamiltonian system but defined in different reference frames would collapse on different time-slices passing through the same local event where the measurement was done. Are these post-measurement states consistent with each other? We illustrate that the quantum states of the Raine-Sciama-Grove detector-field system started with the same initial Gaussian state defined on the same initial time-slice, then collapsed by the measurements on the pointlike detectors on different time-slices in different frames, will evolve to the same state of the combined system up to a coordinate transformation when compared on the same final time-slice. Such consistency is guaranteed by the spatial locality of interactions and the general covariance in a relativistic system, together with the spatial locality of measurements and the linearity of quantum dynamics in its quantum theory. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Spatially local quantum measurements in detector-field models are studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Local quantum measurement collapses the wavefunctional on the whole time-slice. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In different frames wavefunctionals of a field would collapse on different time-slices. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer States collapsed by the same measurement will be consistent on the same final slice.

  18. Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Q.; Lee Y.; Gustafson Jr., W. I.; Fast, J. D.; Wang, H.; Easter, R. C.; Morrison, H.; Chapman, E. G.; Spak, S. N.; Mena-Carrasco, M. A.

    2011-12-02

    This study assesses the ability of the recent chemistry version (v3.3) of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-Chem) model to simulate boundary layer structure, aerosols, stratocumulus clouds, and energy fluxes over the Southeast Pacific Ocean. Measurements from the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) and satellite retrievals (i.e., products from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), and GOES-10) are used for this assessment. The Morrison double-moment microphysics scheme is newly coupled with interactive aerosols in the model. The 31-day (15 October-16 November 2008) WRF-Chem simulation with aerosol-cloud interactions (AERO hereafter) is also compared to a simulation (MET hereafter) with fixed cloud droplet number concentrations in the microphysics scheme and simplified cloud and aerosol treatments in the radiation scheme. The well-simulated aerosol quantities (aerosol number, mass composition and optical properties), and the inclusion of full aerosol-cloud couplings lead to significant improvements in many features of the simulated stratocumulus clouds: cloud optical properties and microphysical properties such as cloud top effective radius, cloud water path, and cloud optical thickness. In addition to accounting for the aerosol direct and semi-direct effects, these improvements feed back to the simulation of boundary-layer characteristics and energy budgets. Particularly, inclusion of interactive aerosols in AERO strengthens the temperature and humidity gradients within the capping inversion layer and lowers the marine boundary layer (MBL) depth by 130 m from that of the MET simulation. These differences are associated with weaker entrainment and stronger mean subsidence at the top of the MBL in AERO. Mean top-of-atmosphere outgoing shortwave fluxes, surface latent heat, and surface downwelling longwave fluxes are in better agreement with observations in AERO, compared to the MET simulation. Nevertheless, biases in some of the simulated meteorological quantities (e.g., MBL temperature and humidity) and aerosol quantities (e.g., underestimations of accumulation mode aerosol number) might affect simulated stratocumulus and energy fluxes over the Southeastern Pacific, and require further investigation. The well-simulated timing and outflow patterns of polluted and clean episodes demonstrate the model's ability to capture daily/synoptic scale variations of aerosol and cloud properties, and suggest that the model is suitable for studying atmospheric processes associated with pollution outflow over the ocean. The overall performance of the regional model in simulating mesoscale clouds and boundary layer properties is encouraging and suggests that reproducing gradients of aerosol and cloud droplet concentrations and coupling cloud-aerosol-radiation processes are important when simulating marine stratocumulus over the Southeast Pacific.

  19. Aerosol Indirect Effect on the Grid-scale Clouds in the Two-way Coupled WRF-CMAQ: Model Description, Development, Evaluation and Regional Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Shaocai; Mathur, Rohit; Pleim, Jonathan; Wong, David; Gilliam, R.; Alapaty, Kiran; Zhao, Chun; Liu, Xiaohong

    2014-10-24

    This study implemented first, second and glaciations aerosol indirect effects (AIE) on resolved clouds in the two-way coupled WRF-CMAQ modeling system by including parameterizations for both cloud drop and ice number concentrations on the basis of CMAQpredicted aerosol distributions and WRF meteorological conditions. The performance of the newly-developed WRF-CMAQ model, with alternate CAM and RRTMG radiation schemes, was evaluated with the observations from the CERES satellite and surface monitoring networks (AQS, IMPROVE, CASTNet, STN, and PRISM) over the continental U.S. (CONUS) (12-km resolution) and eastern Texas (4-km resolution) during August and September of 2006. The results at the AQS surface sites show that in August, the NMB values for PM2.5 over the eastern/western U.S (EUS/WUS) and western U.S. (WUS) are 5.3% (?0.1%) and 0.4% (-5.2%) for WRF-CMAQ/CAM (WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG), respectively. The evaluation of PM2.5 chemical composition reveals that in August, WRF-CMAQ/CAM (WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG) consistently underestimated the observed SO4 2? by -23.0% (-27.7%), -12.5% (-18.9%) and -7.9% (-14.8%) over the EUS at the CASTNet, IMPROVE and STN sites, respectively. Both models (WRF-CMAQ/CAM, WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG) overestimated the observed mean OC, EC and TC concentrations over the EUS in August at the IMPROVE sites. Both models generally underestimated the cloud field (SWCF) over the CONUS in August due to the fact that the AIE on the subgrid convective clouds was not considered when the model simulations were run at the 12 km resolution. This is in agreement with the fact that both models captured SWCF and LWCF very well for the 4-km simulation over the eastern Texas when all clouds were resolved by the finer domain. Both models generally overestimated the observed precipitation by more than 40% mainly because of significant overestimation in the southern part of the CONUS in August. The simulations of WRF-CMAQ/CAM and WRF-CMAQ/RRTMG show dramatic improvements for SWCF, LWCF, COD, cloud fractions and precipitation over the ocean relative to those of WRF default cases in August. The model performance in September is similar to that in August except for greater overestimation of PM2.5 due to the overestimations of SO4 2-, NH4 +, NO3 -, and TC over the EUS, less underestimation of clouds (SWCF) over the land areas due to about 10% lower SWCF values and less convective clouds in September.

  20. Development of Low Cost Gas Atomization of Precursor Powders for Simplified ODS Alloy Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Iver

    2014-08-05

    A novel gas atomization reaction synthesis (GARS) method was developed in this project to enable production (at our partner’s facility) a precursor Ni-Cr-Y-Ti powder with a surface oxide and an internal rare earth (RE) containing intermetallic compound (IMC) phase. Consolidation and heat-treatment experiments were performed at Ames Lab to promote the exchange of oxygen from the surface oxide to the RE intermetallic to form nano-metric oxide dispersoids. Alloy selection was aided by an internal oxidation and serial grinding experiments at Ames Lab and found that Hf-containing alloys may form more stable dispersoids than Ti-containing alloy, i.e., the Hf-containing system exhibited five different oxide phases and two different intermetallics compared to the two oxide phases and one intermetallic in the Ti-containing alloys. Since the simpler Ti-containing system was less complex to characterize, and make observations on the effects of processing parameters, the Ti-containing system was selected by Ames Lab for experimental atomization trials at our partner. An internal oxidation model was developed at Ames Lab and used to predict the heat treatment times necessary for dispersoid formation as a function of powder size and temperature. A new high-pressure gas atomization (HPGA) nozzle was developed at Ames Lab with the aim of promoting fine powder production at scales similar to that of the high gas-flow and melt-flow of industrial atomizers. The atomization nozzle was characterized using schlieren imaging and aspiration pressure testing at Ames Lab to determine the optimum melt delivery tip geometry and atomization pressure to promote enhanced secondary atomization mechanisms. Six atomization trials were performed at our partner to investigate the effects of: gas atomization pressure and reactive gas concentration on the particle size distribution (PSD) and the oxygen content of the resulting powder. Also, the effect on the rapidly solidified microstructure (as a function of powder size) was investigated at Ames Lab as a function of reactive gas composition and bulk alloy composition. The results indicated that the pulsatile gas atomization mechanism and a significantly enhanced yield of fine powders reported in the literature for this type of process were not observed. Also it was determined that reactive gas may marginally improve the fine powder yield but further experiments are required. The oxygen content in the gas also did not have any detrimental effect on the microstructure (i.e. did not significantly reduce undercooling). On the contrary, the oxygen addition to the atomization gas may have mitigated some potent catalytic nucleation sites, but not enough to significantly alter the microstructure vs. particle size relationship. Overall the downstream injection of oxygen was not found to significantly affect either the particle size distribution or undercooling (as inferred from microstructure and XRD observations) but injection further upstream, including in the gas atomization nozzle, remains to be investigated in later work.

  1. Bacterial diversity analysis of Huanglongbing pathogen-infected citrus, using PhyloChip and 16S rRNA gene clone library sequencing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shankar Sagaram, U.; DeAngelis, K.M.; Trivedi, P.; Andersen, G.L.; Lu, S.-E.; Wang, N.

    2009-03-01

    The bacterial diversity associated with citrus leaf midribs was characterized 1 from citrus groves that contained the Huanglongbing (HLB) pathogen, which has yet to be cultivated in vitro. We employed a combination of high-density phylogenetic 16S rDNA microarray and 16S rDNA clone library sequencing to determine the microbial community composition of symptomatic and asymptomatic citrus midribs. Our results revealed that citrus leaf midribs can support a diversity of microbes. PhyloChip analysis indicated that 47 orders of bacteria from 15 phyla were present in the citrus leaf midribs while 20 orders from phyla were observed with the cloning and sequencing method. PhyloChip arrays indicated that nine taxa were significantly more abundant in symptomatic midribs compared to asymptomatic midribs. Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Las) was detected at a very low level in asymptomatic plants, but was over 200 times more abundant in symptomatic plants. The PhyloChip analysis was further verified by sequencing 16S rDNA clone libraries, which indicated the dominance of Las in symptomatic leaves. These data implicate Las as the pathogen responsible for HLB disease. Citrus is the most important commercial fruit crop in Florida. In recent years, citrus Huanglongbing (HLB), also called citrus greening, has severely affected Florida's citrus production and hence has drawn an enormous amount of attention. HLB is one of the most devastating diseases of citrus (6,13), characterized by blotchy mottling with green islands on leaves, as well as stunting, fruit decline, and small, lopsided fruits with poor coloration. The disease tends to be associated with a phloem-limited fastidious {alpha}-proteobacterium given a provisional Candidatus status (Candidatus Liberobacter spp. later changed to Candidatus Liberibacter spp.) in nomenclature (18,25,34). Previous studies indicate that HLB infection causes disorder in the phloem and severely impairs the translocation of assimilates in host plants (5,27,40). Tatineni and colleagues discovered that the HLB bacteria were unevenly distributed in phloem of bark tissue, vascular tissue of the leaf midrib, roots, and different floral and fruit parts (43). Unsuccessful attempts in culturing the pathogen are notably hampering efforts to understand its biology and pathogenesis mechanism. Using a modified Koch's Postulates approach, Jagoueix and colleagues were able to re-infect periwinkle plants from a mixed microbial community harvested from HLB diseased plants (25). Emergence of the disease in otherwise healthy plants led to the conclusion that HLB was associated with Candidatus Liberibacter sp. based on its 16S rDNA sequence (18,25). Currently, three species of the pathogen are recognized from trees with HLB disease based on 16S rDNA sequence: Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus (Las), Ca. Liberibacter africanus (Laf), and Ca. Liberibacter americanus (Lam); Las is the most prevalent species among HLB diseased trees (5,12,18,25,44). Las is naturally transmitted to citrus by the psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, and can be artificially transmitted by grafting from citrus to citrus and dodder (Cuscuta campestris) to periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) or tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum Xanthi) (5). Based on current research regarding the associations of Liberibacter in planta there is not enough evidence to implicate Liberibacter as the definitive causal agent of HLB disease due to its resistance to cultivation in vitro. It is possible that HLB disease may be the result of complex etiology where Liberibacter interacts with other endophytic bacteria. However, there is not enough evidence regarding its association(s) in planta to make this conclusion, nor is it known whether associated microbial communities play a role in expression of pathogenic traits. The main objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that other bacteria besides Ca. Liberibacter spp. are associated with citrus greening disease. The differences between the relative abundance, species richness and phylogenetic diversity of the microbial communitie

  2. Climate data, analysis and models for the study of natural variability and anthropogenic change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Philip D.

    2014-07-31

    Gridded Temperature Under prior/current support, we completed and published (Jones et al., 2012) the fourth major update to our global land dataset of near-surface air temperatures, CRUTEM4. This is one of the most widely used records of the climate system, having been updated, maintained and further developed with DoE support since the 1980s. We have continued to update the CRUTEM4 (Jones et al., 2012) database that is combined with marine data to produce HadCRUT4 (Morice et al., 2012). The emphasis in our use of station temperature data is to access as many land series that have been homogenized by National Meteorological Services (NMSs, including NCDC/NOAA, Asheville, NC). Unlike the three US groups monitoring surface temperatures in a similar way, we do not infill areas that have no or missing data. We can only infill such regions in CRUTEM4 by accessing more station temperature series. During early 2014, we have begun the extensive task of updating as many of these series as possible using data provided by some NMSs and also through a number of research projects and programs around the world. All the station data used in CRUTEM4 have been available since 2009, but in Osborn and Jones (2014) we have made this more usable using a Google Earth interface (http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/crutem/ge/ ). We have recently completed the update of our infilled land multi-variable dataset (CRU TS 3.10, Harris et al., 2014). This additionally produces complete land fields (except for the Antarctic) for temperature, precipitation, diurnal temperature range, vapour pressure and sunshine/cloud. Using this dataset we have calculated sc-PDSI (self-calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index) data and compared with other PDSI datasets (Trenberth et al., 2014). Also using CRU TS 3.10 and Reanalysis datasets, we showed no overall increase in global temperature variability despite changing regional patterns (Huntingford et al., 2013). Harris et al. (2014) is an update of an earlier dataset (Mitchell and Jones, 2005) which also had earlier DoE support. The earlier dataset has been cited over 1700 times according to ResearcherID on 31/July/2014 and the recent paper has already been cited 22 times. Analyses of Temperature Data Using the ERA-Interim estimate of the absolute surface air temperature of the Earth (instead of in the more normal form of anomalies) we compared the result against estimates we produced in 1999 with earlier DoE support. The two estimates are surprisingly close (differing by a couple of tenths of a degree Celsius), with the average temperature of the world (for 1981-2010) being very close to 14°C (Jones and Harpham, 2013). We have assessed ERA-Interim against station temperatures from manned and automatic weather station measurements across the Antarctic (Jones and Lister, 2014). Agreement is generally excellent across the Antarctic Peninsula and the sparsely sampled western parts of Antarctica. Differences tend to occur over eastern Antarctica where ERA-Interim is biased warm (up to 6°C) in the interior of the continent and biased cool (up to 6°C) for some of the coastal locations. Opportunities presented themselves during 2012 for collaborative work with a couple of Chinese groups. Three papers develop new temperature series for China as a whole and also for the eastern third of China (Wang et al., 2014, Cao et al., 2013 and Zhao et al., 2014). A dataset of ~400 daily Chinese temperature stations has been added to the CRU datasets. The latter paper finds that urban effects are generally about 10% of the long-term warming trend across eastern China. A fourth paper (Wang et al., 2013) illustrates issues with comparisons between reanalyses and surface temperatures across China, a method that has been widely used by some to suggest urban heating effects are much larger in the region. ERA-Interim can be used but NCEP/NCAR comparisons are very dependent on the period analysed. Earlier a new temperature dataset of homogenized records was developed for China (Li et al., 2009). Urbanization has also been addressed for London (Jones and Lister, 2009) where two rural sites have not warmed more than a city centre site since 1900. Additionally, in Ethymiadis and Jones (2010) we show that land air temperatures agree with marine data around coastal areas, further illustrating that urbanization is not a major component of large-scale surface air temperature change. Early instrumental data (before the development of modern thermometer screens) have always been suspected of being biased warm in summer, due to possible direct exposure to the sun. Two studies (Böhm et al., 2010 and Brunet et al., 2010) show this for the Greater Alpine Region (GAR) and for mainland Spain respectively. The issue is important before about 1870 in the GAR and before about 1900 in Spain. After correction for the problems, summer temperature estimates before these dates are cooler by about 0.4°C. In Jones and Wigley (2010), we discussed the importance of the biases in global temperature estimation. Exposure and to a lesser extent urbanization are the most important biases for the land areas, but both are dwarfed by the necessary adjustments for bucket SST measurements before about 1950. Individual station homogeneity is only important at the local scale. This was additionally illustrated by Hawkins and Jones (2013) where we replicated the temperature record developed by Guy Stewart Callendar in papers in 1938 and 1961. Analyses of Daily Climate Data Work here indicates that ERA-Interim (at least in Europe, Cornes and Jones, 2013, discussed in more detail in this proposal) can be used to monitor extremes (using the ETCCDI software – see Zhang et al., 2011). Additionally, also as a result of Chinese collaboration, a new method of daily temperature homogenization has been developed (Li et al., 2014). In Cornes and Jones (2011) we assessed storm activity in the northeast Atlantic region using daily gridded data. Even though the grid resolution is coarse (5° by 5° lat/long) the changes in storm activity are similar to those developed from the pressure triangle approach with station data. Analyses of humidity and pressure data In Simmons et al. (2010) we showed a reduction in relative humidity over low-latitude and mid-latitude land areas for the 10 years to 2008, based on monthly anomalies of surface air temperature and humidity from ECMWF reanalyses (ERA-40 and ERA-Interim) and our earlier land-only dataset (CRUTEM3) and synoptic humidity observations (HadCRUH). Updates of this station-based humidity dataset (now called HadISDH) extend the record, showing continued reductions (Willett et al., 2013). Analyses of Proxy Temperature Data In Vinther et al. (2010), relationships between the seasonal stable isotope data from Greenland Ice Cores and Greenland and Icelandic instrumental temperatures were investigated for the past 150-200 years. The winter season stable isotope data are found to be influenced by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and very closely related to SW Greenland temperatures. The summer season stable isotope data display higher correlations with Icelandic summer temperatures and North Atlantic SST conditions than with local SW Greenland temperatures. In Jones et al. (2014) we use these winter isotope reconstructions to show the expected inverse correlation (due to the NAO) with winter-season documentary reconstructions from the Netherlands and Sweden over the last 800 years. Finally, in this section Jones et al. (2013) shows the agreement between tree-ring width measurements from Northern Sweden and Finland and an assessment of the link to explosive volcanic eruptions. An instrumental record for the region in the early 19th century indicates that the summer of 1816 was only slightly below normal, explaining why this year has normal growth for both ring width and density. GCM/RCM/Reanalysis Evaluation In this section we have intercompared daily temperature extremes across Europe in Cornes and Jones (2013) using station data, E-OBS and ERA-Interim. We have additionally considered the impact of the urban issue on the global scale using the results of the Compo et al. (2011) Reanalyses, 20CR. These only make use of SST and station pressure data. Across the world’s land areas, they indicate similar warming since 1900 to that which has occurred (Compo et al., 2013), again illustrating that urbanization is not the cause of the long-term warming. Changes in HadCRUH global land surface specific humidity and CRUTEM3 surface temperatures from 1973 to 1999 were compared to the CMIP3 archive of climate model simulations with 20th Century forcings (Willett et al., 2010). The models reproduce the magnitude of observed interannual variance over all large regions. Observed and modelled trends and temperature-humidity relationships are comparable with the exception of the extra-tropical Southern Hemisphere where observations exhibit no trend but models exhibit moistening.

  3. Establishment of Lipolexis oregmae (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) in a classical biological control program directed against the brown citrus aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Persad, A.B.; Hoy, M.A.; Ru Nguyen

    2007-03-15

    The parasitoid Lipolexis oregmae Gahan (introduced as L. scutellaris Mackauer) was imported from Guam, evaluated in quarantine, mass reared, and released into citrus groves in Florida in a classical biological control program directed against the brown citrus aphid, Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy. Releases of 20,200, 12,100, and 1,260 adults of L. oregmae were made throughout Florida during 2000, 2001, and 2002, respectively. To determine if L. oregmae had successfully established, surveys were conducted throughout the state beginning in the summer of 2001 and continuing through the summer of 2003. Parasitism during 2001 and 2002 was evaluated by holding brown citrus aphids in the laboratory until parasitoid adults emerged. Lipolexis oregmae was found in 10 sites in 7 counties and 4 sites in 3 counties with parasitism rates ranging from 0.7 to 3.3% in 2001 and 2002, respectively. Laboratory tests indicated that high rates of mortality occurred if field-collected parasitized aphids were held in plastic bags, so a molecular assay was used that allowed immature L. oregmae to be detected within aphid hosts immediately after collection. The molecular assay was used in 2003 with the brown citrus aphids and with other aphid species collected from citrus, weeds, and vegetables near former release sites; immatures of L. oregmae were detected in black citrus aphids, cowpea aphids, spirea aphids, and melon aphids, as well as in the brown citrus aphid, in 4 of 8 counties sampled, with parasitism ranging from 2.0 to 12.9%, indicating that L. oregmae is established and widely distributed. Samples taken in Polk County during Oct 2005 indicated that L. oregmae has persisted. The ability of L. oregmae to parasitize other aphid species on citrus, and aphids on other host plants, enhances the ability of L. oregmae to persist when brown citrus aphid populations are low. (author) [Spanish] El parasitoide Lipolexis oregmae Gahan (introducido como L. scutellaris Mackauer) fue importado de Guam, evaluado en cuarentena, criado en masa y liberado en huertos de citricos en un programa de control biologico clasico dirigido contra el afido pardo de citricos, Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy. Se hicieron liberaciones de 20,200, 12,100, y 1,260 adultos de L. oregmae a traves de la Florida durante los anos de 2000, 2001, y 2002, respectivamente. Para determinar si L. oregmae ha logrado en establecer, se realizaron sondeos a traves del estado empezando en el verano del 2001 y continuando hasta el final del verano del 2003. El parasitismo durante 2001 y 2002 fue evaluado con el mantenimiento de individuos del afido pardo de los citricos en el laboratorio hasta que los adultos emergieron. Lipolexis oregmae fue encontrado en 10 sitios en 7 condados y con tasas de parasitismo en 4 sitios en 3 condados entre 0.7 a 3.3% en el 2001 y 2002, respectivamente. Las pruebas del laboratorio indicaron que las tasas altas de mortalidad fueron posibles si los afidos con parasitos recolectados en el campo fueron mantenidos en bolsas plasticas, entonces un ensayo molecular fue usado con lo que permitio la deteccion de inmaduros de L. oregmae dentro de los hospederos de afidos inmediatamente despues de la recoleccion. El ensayo molecular fue usado en el 2003 con individuos del afido pardo de los citricos y con otras especies de afidos recolectados sobre citricos, malezas y hortalizas cerca de los sitios donde los parasitoides fueron liberados anteriormente; inmaduros de L. oregmae fueron detectados en individuos del afido negro de los citricos, el afido del caupi, el afido spirea y el afido del melon, ademas del afido pardo de los citricos en 4 de los 8 condados muestreados, con la tasa del parasitismo entre 2.0 a12.9%, indicando que L. oregmae estaba estabecido y ampliamente distribuido. Las muestras tomadas en el Condado de Polk durante octobre del 2005 indicaron que L. oregmae ha persistido. La capacidad de L. oregmae para parasitar otras especies de afidos sobre citricos y otros afidos sobre otras plantas hospederas, incrementa la capacidad de L. oregmae para persistir cuand

  4. Scale-Up of Palladium Powder Production Process for Use in the Tritium Facility at Westinghouse, Savannah River, SC/Summary of FY99-FY01 Results for the Preparation of Palladium Using the Sandia/LANL Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David P. Baldwin; Daniel S. Zamzow; R. Dennis Vigil; Jesse T. Pikturna

    2001-08-24

    Palladium used at Savannah River (SR) for process tritium storage is currently obtained from a commercial source. In order to understand the processes involved in preparing this material, SR is supporting investigations into the chemical reactions used to synthesize this material. The material specifications are shown in Table 1. An improved understanding of the chemical processes should help to guarantee a continued reliable source of Pd in the future. As part of this evaluation, a work-for-others contract between Westinghouse Savannah River Company and Ames Laboratory (AL) was initiated. During FY98, the process for producing Pd powder developed in 1986 by Dan Grove of Mound Applied Technologies, USDOE (the Mound muddy water process) was studied to understand the processing conditions that lead to changes in morphology in the final product. During FY99 and FY00, the process for producing Pd powder that has been used previously at Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories (the Sandia/LANL process) was studied to understand the processing conditions that lead to changes in the morphology of the final Pd product. During FY01, scale-up of the process to batch sizes greater than 600 grams of Pd using a 20-gallon Pfaudler reactor was conducted by the Iowa State University (ISU) Chemical Engineering Department. This report summarizes the results of FY99-FY01 Pd processing work done at AL and ISU using the Sandia/LANL process. In the Sandia/LANL process, Pd is dissolved in a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids. A number of chemical processing steps are performed to yield an intermediate species, diamminedichloropalladium (Pd(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}, or DADC-Pd), which is isolated. In the final step of the process, the Pd(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 2} intermediate is subsequently redissolved, and Pd is precipitated by the addition of a reducing agent (RA) mixture of formic acid and sodium formate. It is at this point that the morphology of the Pd product is determined. During FY99 and FY00, a study of how the characteristics of the Pd are affected by changes in processing conditions including the RA/Pd molar ratio, Pd concentration, mole fraction of formic acid (mf-FA) in the RA solution, reaction temperature, and mixing was performed. These parameters all had significant effects on the resulting values of the tap density (TD), BET surface area (SA), and Microtrac particle size (PS) distribution for the Pd samples. These effects were statistically modeled and fit in order to determine ranges of predicted experimental conditions that resulted in material that meets the requirements for the Pd powder to be used at SR. Although not statistically modeled, the method and rate of addition of the RA and the method and duration of stirring were shown to be significant factors affecting the product morphology. Instead of producing an additional statistical fit and due to the likely changes anticipated during scale-up of this processing procedure, these latter conditions were incorporated into a reproducible practical method of synthesis. Palladium powder that met the SR specifications for TD, BET SA, and Microtrac PS was reliably produced at batch sizes ranging from 25-100 grams. In FY01, scale-up of the Sandia/LANL process was investigated by the ISU Chemical Engineering Department for the production of 600-gram batches of Pd. Palladium that meets the SR specifications for TD, BET SA, and Microtrac PS has been produced using the Pfaudler reactor, and additional processing batches will be done during the remainder of FY01 to investigate the range of conditions that can be used to produce Pd powder within specifications. Palladium product samples were analyzed at AL and SR to determine TD and at SR to determine BET SA, Microtrac PS distribution, and Pd nodule size and morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

  5. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    UTILITY_ID","UTILITY_NAME","TRANSLINE_NO","TERMINAL_LOC_FROM","TERMINAL_LOC_TO","PERCENT_OWNED","LINE_LENGTH","LINE_TYPE","VOLTAGE_TYPE","VOLTAGE_OPERATING","VOLTAGE_DESIGN","CONDUCTOR_SIZE","CONDUCTOR_MAT_TYPE","CONDUCTOR_CONFIG","CIRCUIT_PERSTRUCT_PRES","CIRCUIT_PERSTRUCT_ULT","POLE_TOWER_TYPE","RATED_CAPACITY","LAND_LANDRIGHT_COSTS","POLE_TOWER_FIXTURE_COSTS","CONDUCTOR_DEVICE_COSTS","CONSTRUCTION_ETC_COSTS","TOTAL_LINE_COSTS","IN_SERVICE_DATE" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",1,"Northland","Magnesium Plant",100,4.11,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR Drake/ACSS Rail","Single",1,2,"Steel & Wood Poles",215,0,17500,8000,19500,45000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",2,"Grove","Met Center",100,3.1,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ASCR Drake","Double",1,1,"Steel Pole",430,0,30000,10000,35000,75000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",3,"Dessau","Daffin Gin",100,6.01,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ASCR Drake","Single",1,1,"Steel Pole",215,0,60000,15000,40000,115000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",4,"Burleson","AMD",100,2.2,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACR Drake","Double",2,2,"Steel Pole",430,0,75000,55000,120000,250000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",5,"Bergstrom","Kingsberry",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ASCR Drake/AAAC","Single",1,2,"Steel & Wood Poles",215,0,75000,35000,340000,450000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",6,"Mcneil","Magnesium Plant",100,3.24,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR Drake","Double",1,2,"Steel Pole & Steel Tower",430,0,380000,76000,644000,1100000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",7,"Summit","Magnesium Plant",100,2.18,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR Drake","Double",1,2,"Steel Pole & Steel Tower",430,0,265000,125000,410000,800000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1307,"Basin Electric Power Coop",1,"Rapid City","New Underwood",65,18.55,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Single Pole, Steel",460,0,0,0,5300000,5300000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1586,"Bentonville City of",1,"AEP/SWEPCO","City Substation F",100,1,"OH","AC",161,161,477,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood and Steel Single Pole",199,18000,81522,28082,214516,342120,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,2172,"Brazos Electric Power Coop",1,"Coppell","Lewisville",100,7.03,"OH","AC",138,138,1033,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Concrete/Steel Single Pole",485,17577.55,2527717,537265.96,956475.39,4039035.9,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,2172,"Brazos Electric Power Coop",2,"Boyd","Newark",100,1.8,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",2,2,"Concrete/Steel Single Pole",215,133929.08,538282.3,131112.75,246577.6,1049901.73,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,2172,"Brazos Electric Power Coop",3,"Cedar Hill","Sardis",100,5.1,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete Si ngle Ploe",215,24515.26,652910.22,246676.96,560582.43,1484684.87,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,5580,"East Kentucky Power Coop Inc",1,"Jamestown Tap","Jamestown Tap",100,0.47,"OH","AC",161,161,556.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Single Pole",292,43326,160508,68789,0,272623,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,5580,"East Kentucky Power Coop Inc",2,"Pulaski Co. Tap","Pulaski Co. Tap",100,5.88,"OH","AC",161,161,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood H-Frame Structure",367,494183,1092462,468198,0,2054843,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7197,"Georgia Transmission Corp",1,"Shoal Creek","Spout Spring",100,10.83,"OH","AC",230,230,1351,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete, Single Pole & Steel",602,1277945,1685271,444690,6047603,9455509,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7197,"Georgia Transmission Corp",2,"Dresden","Yellowdirt",100,9.5,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Concrete, Single Pole",866,870826,772876,375515,3649376,5668593,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7197,"Georgia Transmission Corp",3,"East Moultrie","West Valdosta",100,38.46,"OH","AC",230,230,1622,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete, Single Pole",596,1191168,2829632,1476802,10279078,15776680,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7490,"Grand River Dam Authority",1,"Cowskin","Grove PSO",100,4.5,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single/Twisted",1,1,"Wood Pole",223,287671,135402,156769,880890,1460732,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",1,"BASTROP","AUSTIN",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,9155828,155817297,37044659,47228709,249246493,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",2,"BASTROP","AUSTROP",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",3,"BASTROP","AUSTROP",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",4,"BASTROP","AUSTROP",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",5,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",6,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",7,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",8,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",9,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",10,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",11,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",12,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",13,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",14,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",15,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",16,"LOCKHART","DUMP HILL",100,1.6,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",17,"HILL POWER STATION","NUECES BAY",100,17.3,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",18,"NORTH OAK PARK","LON HILL",100,14.9,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",19,"STATE HIGHTWAY 80",,100,0.38,"OH","AC",138,138,211.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood H-Frame Structure",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",20,"STATE HIGHWAY 80",,100,0.38,"OH","AC",138,138,211.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood H-Frame Structure",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",21,"STERLING/MITCHELL LINE","TWINN BUTTES",100,135.08,"OH","AC",345,345,1590,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",22,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",23,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",24,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",25,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",26,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",27,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",28,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",29,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",30,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",31,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,15143,"Platte River Power Authority",1,"Rawhide","Timberline West",100,31.63,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ACSR","Single",2,2,"Steel/Tower & Pole",378,5553,1928767,2385430,251850,4571600,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,15159,"Plymouth City of",1,"Mullet River Sub","Sub # 1",100,0.8,"OH","AC",138,138,336.4,"ACSR","SINGLE",1,1,"Steel Double Pole",33,0,0,0,1492139,1492139,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,16534,"Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",1,"Natomas","Elverta",100,4.3,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"Aluminum","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",316,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,17543,"South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",1,"Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #1","Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #1",100,9.51,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ACSR","Double",2,2,"Steel / Tower",956,840152,1230361,1207282,22364,3300159,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,17543,"South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",2,"Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #2","Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #2",100,9.51,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ACSR","Double",2,2,"Steel / Tower",956,840152,1230361,1207282,22364,3300159,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",1,"West Ringgold","Center Point",100,7.94,"OH","AC",115,230,954,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,2086252,5658529,1502763,3053959,12301503,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",2,"NE Johnson City--Erwin 161kV T","Jonesborough 161 kV SS",100,0.28,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,11050,191917,894933,714987,1812887,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",3,"Elizabethton","Pandara-Shouns",100,15.12,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,282232,1797686,537733,2057572,4675223,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",4,"Sullivan","Blountville",100,0.63,"OH","AC",161,161,1590,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,547521,1134556,788061,1224067,3694205,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",5,"Pin Hook","Structure E 104A (NES)",100,1.74,"OH","DC",161,161,2034.5,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,179775,881877,641976,270782,1974410,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",6,"Dug Gap 115 kV SS","Center Point 230 kV SS",100,4.49,"OH","AC",115,230,954,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,3939251,3451555,545558,1026021,8962385,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",7,"Chickamauga-Ridgedale","Hawthorne 161 kV SS",100,2.82,"OH","AC",161,161,1590,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,87206,533582,342640,584799,1548227,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",8,"Ft. Loudoun-Elza 161 kV TL","Spallation Neutron Source 161",100,3.92,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,2972,639541,373150,469765,1485428,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",9,"Leake","Sebastapol SW STA 161 kV",100,0.77,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,36158,236368,103374,167311,543211,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",10,"Sebasatpol 161 kV Switching St","Five Point 161 kV Substation",100,0.13,"OH","AC",161,230,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,917304,1772761,931352,1477668,5099085,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",11,"Structure 170A","Structure 174",100,0.73,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,445863,79638,194574,720075,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",12,"Ramer-Hickory Valley 161 kV TL","Middleton 46 kV SS",100,6.81,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,566805,1162854,447607,787813,2965079,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",13,"Lowndes-Miller","Valley View",100,0.46,"OH","AC",500,500,954,"ASCR","Triple",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,688737,255237,341129,1285103,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",14,"Sweetwater 161 kV SS","Madisonville 161 kV SS",100,8.95,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,1066219,1474937,466681,797814,3805651,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",15,"East Point 500 kV SS","Hanceville 161 kV TL",100,11.25,"OH","AC",161,161,1351.5,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,1416513,1442382,606534,1427424,4892853,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",16,"W Cookeville-Crossville 161 kV","W. Crossville SS",100,4.37,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,267463,1112667,651963,964407,2996500,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",17,"East Shelbyville-Unionville","Deason 161 kV SS",100,5.09,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,1071199,931797,430714,320721,2754431,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",18,"Kentucky Hydro","Barkley Hydro",100,2,"OH","AC",161,161,2034.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,2845,406947,90111,155401,655304,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",19,"MEC Sw Station","Trinity Substation",100,2.9,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ACSS","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,0,604526,474640,608702,1687868,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",20,"Hickory Valley Selmer 161 kV T","North Selmer 161 kV SS",100,4.88,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,357578,632244,368993,899046,2257861,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",21,"Trinity","Morgan Energy Center",100,2.98,"OH","AC",161,161,1590,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,7155,647789,386671,513831,1555446,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",22,"MEC","Finley",100,0.61,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,9879,303540,156165,181613,651197,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",23,"Pickwick-South Jackson","Magic Valley",100,1.38,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Pole",,78377,284367,113237,237716,713697,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",24,"Wolf Creek-Choctaw 500 kV TL","Reliant French Camp Gener Plt",100,0.11,"OH","AC",500,500,954,"ASCR","Triple",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,863770,411493,891161,2166424,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",25,"Widows Creek Ft. Payne 161 kV","Flat Rock 161 kV SS",100,2.05,"OH","AC",161,161,397.5,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,130460,443384,182965,410228,1167037,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",26,"Volunteer-Cherokee HP 161 kV T","Oakland 161 kV SS",100,0.5,"OH","AC",161,161,1351,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,159020,71787,133784,364591,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",27,"Cordell-Hull-Carthage 161 kV","South Carthage 161 kV SS",100,1.68,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,209664,102390,256537,568591,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",1,"Arco","Sprectrum",100,5.89,"OH","AC",138,138,336.4,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",91,37547.56,399750.8,416067.16,0,853365.52,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",2,"Hazel Dell Jct","Hazel Dell",100,3.12,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",158,72967.09,417464.37,285659.16,0,776090.62,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",3,"Red River","Tenaska Kiowa Sw",100,75.75,"OH","AC",345,345,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Combination Pole",158,0,0,0,47569327.23,47569327.23,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",4,"Washita Sw","Blue Canyon",100,23.96,"OH","AC",138,138,1590,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",239,0,0,0,5092171.22,5092171.22,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",5,"Limestone Jct","Limestone",100,0.5,"OH","AC",138,138,336.4,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",91,25673.08,159253.08,77468.07,0,262394.23,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",6,"OGE Sunset Jct","Sunset Corner",100,0.15,"OH","AC",161,161,336.4,"ACSR","Singel",1,1,"Wood Pole",91,0,29315.87,35224.01,0,64539.88,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",1,"Shiprock","Four Corners",100,8.2,"OH","AC",345,345,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",2,"Coolidge","Sundance 1 and 2",100,9.8,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",3,"Structure 96/4","O/Banion 1",100,38,"OH","AC",230,230,,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",4,"Mead","Market Place",100,12.9,"OH","AC",525,525,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",5,"Bears Ears","Craig",100,1,"OH","AC",345,345,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",6,"Glen Canyon Pumping Plant","Glen Canyon SW Yard",100,1,"OH","AC",345,345,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",7,"Baker","Bowman",22.96,53.96,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Wood H",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",8,"Basin Tap #2","Washburn",100,2.23,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",9,"Craig","Rifle",100,96,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",10,"Garrison","Basin Tap #1",100,20.97,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",11,"Everta","Roseville",100,13.3,"OH","AC",230,230,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",12,"Griffith","McConnico",100,8,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",13,"McConnico","Peacock",100,29.4,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",14,"Liberty","Buckeye",100,6.7,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",15,"Liberty","Parker",100,118.7,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",16,"Liberty","Estrella",100,10.8,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",17,"Liberty","Lone Batte",100,38.2,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",18,"Lone Butte","Sundance",100,38.4,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",19,"New Waddell","West Wing",100,10.1,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",20,"South Point","Topock #1",100,6.46,"OH","AC",230,230,1590,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",21,"South Point","Topock #2",100,6.34,"OH","AC",230,230,1590,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0