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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Electronics--Superconductors, Browse again by: Topics/Categories ...

2

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Quantum Physics--Quantum Computing, Browse again by: Topics/Categories ...

3

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Quantum Physics-- Condensates, Browse again by: Topics/Categories ...

4

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Homeland Security--Emergency Response, Browse again by: Topics/Categories ...

5

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Homeland Security--Chem, Bio, Other Threats, Browse again by: Topics/Categories ...

6

Browse - Energy Innovation Portal  

Browse Clean Energy Technologies Available for Licensing. Find renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and intellectual property available ...

7

Browse - Energy Innovation Portal  

Browse Clean Energy Technologies Available for Licensing. Find renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and intellectual property available for licensing ...

8

M-1C.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

M-1C. M-1C. fTZ. u.s. DEPARTl\IENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERl\IINATION RECIPI ENT:City of Boston PROJECT TITLE: EECBG· City Of Boston (S) Page 1 01'2 STATE:MA Funding Opportunity Announc:ement Number OE-EEOOOO736/ EEC8G Proc:urementlnstrumcnt Number NEPA Control Number cm Number o Based on my review ofthc information (Onc:crning the proposed adion, as NEPA Complianc:c Offic:cr (authorizcd undcr DOE Order 45I.1A), I havc madc the following dctermination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Oescription: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

9

ARM - VAP Product - 30smplcmask1zwang  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airport, Gan Island, Maldives GRW M1 Browse Data Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal HFE M1 Browse Data Shouxian, Anhui, China PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1...

10

Multimodal surrogates for video browsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: abstracting methods, browsing, cognitive processes, multimedia information systems, multimodal video surrogates

Wei Ding; Gary Marchionini; Dagobert Soergel

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

A learning apprentice for browsing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the task of browsing and an agent we have dev eloped to improve the speed and success rate of browsing. The agent is a learning apprentice: it monitors the user’s normal browsing actions and learns a measure of "relevance " to the user interests. It searches the library being browsed, uses the learned measure to evaluate items and presents to the user those that are most relevant. The paper discusses the main issues raised during the development of the browsing agent. These are of general interest not only because browsing is of considerable practical importance but also because it represents a prototypical task for

Robert C. Holte; Chris Drummond

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Browse Software - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Search & Browse Software: Licensing Instructions: Patents: Browse Software. You can filter the displayed results by keyword (columns included in ...

13

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coyote Canyon Steam Plant Biomass Facility CommercialOnlineDate 1989 + Coordinates 33.7174708,...

14

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Coordinates 42.3917598, -71.5661769Latitude: 42.3917598...

15

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Developer African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Compnay...

16

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Biofuel Authority Rajasthan Coordinates 26.89876, 75.79636Latitude: 26.89876 Longitude:...

17

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC BARD FoafName Biofuel Advanced Research and...

18

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Biofuel Industries Group LLC FoafName Biofuel Industries Group LLC + Name Biofuel Industries...

19

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Developing LED Scenarios Categories Gateways + Modification dateThis property is a special property in...

20

Browse Error - Energy Innovation Portal  

Solar Thermal; Startup America; Vehicles and Fuels; ... 07/22/2013 Skip to Content. Skip ... EVENTS; EERE » Energy Innovation Portal » Browse.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Browse Error - Energy Innovation Portal  

Share Browse Error - Energy Innovation Portal on Facebook; ... Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov Content Last ...

22

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Apparent Welding Textures In Altered Pumice-Rich Rocks Abstract Fiamme and eutaxitic texture are...

23

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Wiki Browse Latinoamrica Buildings Clean Energy Economy Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network Geothermal Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy...

24

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Energy--Conservation, ... Thumbnail, Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, created 9/2012, entered 9/19/2012. ...

25

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Ningxia Yinyi Wind Power Generation Co Ltd FoafName Ningxia Yinyi Wind Power Generation Co Ltd + Name...

26

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Next Generation Power Systems Inc Coordinates 43.99413, -96.317104Latitude: 43.99413...

27

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search A Flashing Binary Combined Cycle For Geothermal Power Generation Abstract The performance of a flashing binary combi ... The performance...

28

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Environmentally Protective Power Generation EPPG Coordinates 32.221553, -110.969754Latitude: 32.221553 Longitude:...

29

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search A Test Of The Transiel Method On The Travale Geothermal Field Abstract An original...

30

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Inner Mongolia Test Power Co Ltd Coordinates 40.82206, 111.660561Latitude: 40.82206 Longitude:...

31

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Biomass Energy Data Book Abstract The Biomass Energy Data Book is a statisti ... The Biomass Energy Data Book is...

32

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Hydrogen Energy Data Book Abstract The Hydrogen Energy Data Book provides sta ... The Hydrogen Energy Data Book...

33

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book Coordinates 37.09024, -95.712891Latitude: 37.09024 Longitude: -95.712891 +...

34

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Address United Nations Avenue, Gigiri PO Box 30552, 00100 +...

35

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment (KITE) Address P. O. Box AT 720, Achimota, Accra, Ghana. + Coordinates 5.555717,...

36

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Guodian Technology Environment Co Ltd FoafName Guodian Technology & Environment Co Ltd + Name Guodian Technology...

37

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Inner Mongolia Huiquan Environment Protection Power Ltd FoafName Inner Mongolia Huiquan Environment Protection Power...

38

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) Address Dakar, Senegal +...

39

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Beijing China Sciences General Energy Environment GEE FoafName Beijing China Sciences General Energy&Environment (GEE) + Name...

40

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment Address 4300 Cherry Creek Drive South + Depiction File:Url.jpg + FoafHomepage...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Depiction File:ScrippsLogo.PNG + FoafHomepage...

42

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Centre for Science and Environment FoafName Centre for Science and Environment + Name Centre for Science and...

43

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Power Plant Database DataFormat Excel Spreadsheet, Excel Pivot Table, Access Database +...

44

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

45

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Conversion Facility Privilege Tax Exemptions (North Dakota) EZFeedRelevant Yes +...

46

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

47

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Technology (Indiana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

48

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Projects (Virginia) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

49

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining Regulatory and Reclamation Act (Massachusetts) EZFeedRelevant Yes + Incentive...

50

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal seam natural gas producing areas (Louisiana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive...

51

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Severance Tax (North Dakota) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

52

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Development (Nebraska) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + IncentiveApplDsc...

53

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining Reclamation (North Dakota) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

54

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Combustion By-Products (Maryland) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

55

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining Tax Credit (Arkansas) EZFeedJurisdictionDesc statewide EZFeedRelevant Yes +...

56

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mine Safety Act (Virginia) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + Incentive...

57

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Mining (Iowa) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + IncentiveApplDsc...

58

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit (Kentucky) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true +...

59

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Arkansas Surface Coal Mining Reclamation Act (Arkansas) EZFeedJurisdictionDesc statewide EZFeedRelevant Yes...

60

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Boardman, Oregon Coordinates 45.839855, -119.7005834Latitude: 45.839855 Longitude:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Boardman, North Carolina Coordinates 34.4390555, -78.949195Latitude: 34.4390555 Longitude:...

62

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Boardman, Ohio Coordinates 41.0242256, -80.6628528Latitude: 41.0242256 Longitude:...

63

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Energy--Solar, ... Thumbnail, Energy; Solar; Roof Photovoltaic Test Facility , created 6/22/2006, entered 6/22/2006. ...

64

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Quantum Physics--Biophysics, ... Thumbnail, Quantum Physics; Biophysics; Perkins, created 2002, entered 10/13/2004. ...

65

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Nanjing Sunec Wind Generator Equipment Factory Coordinates 32.0485, 118.778969Latitude: 32.0485...

66

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Battery Park Industries Inc formerly Moltech Power Systems Inc FoafName Battery Park...

67

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery Technologies Inc Coordinates 32.980007, -97.168831Latitude: 32.980007 Longitude:...

68

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co FoafName Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. + Name Chongqing Wanli Storage...

69

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Beijing Tianruichi Battery TRC FoafName Beijing Tianruichi Battery (TRC) + Name Beijing Tianruichi Battery...

70

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Ovonic Battery Company Inc FoafName Ovonic Battery Company Inc + Name Ovonic Battery Company Inc +...

71

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Battery Energy Power Solutions Pty Ltd Coordinates -33.869629, 151.206955Latitude:...

72

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Battery Wireless Solutions Inc FoafName Battery & Wireless Solutions Inc + Name Battery &...

73

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search AEE Solar Inc formerly Alternative Energy Engineering FoafName AEE Solar Inc (formerly Alternative Energy Engineering) +...

74

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Browsing by topic/category -- Energy--Fuel Cells, ... Thumbnail, New Imaging Tool is Boon to Fuel Cell Research, created 8/15/2006, entered 8/15 ...

75

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Solana Generating Plant Solar Power Plant CommercialOnlineDate 2013 + Coordinates 32.916163, -112.968727Latitude:...

76

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Mohave Solar Power Plant Coordinates 35.017264, -117.316607Latitude: 35.017264 Longitude:...

77

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Black Dog, South Dakota Coordinates 43.6380255, -99.5673479Latitude: 43.6380255 Longitude:...

78

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Bioethanol Secience and Technology Centre FoafName Bioethanol Secience and Technology Centre +...

79

Browse data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Wiki Browse Latinoamrica Buildings Clean Energy Economy Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network Geothermal Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy...

80

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Agricultural Biomass and Landfill Diversion Incentive (Texas) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Energy Savings Store Address 15209 W. 99th Street + Coordinates 38.9491298,...

82

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Divya Energy Solar Panel Savings Calculator Abstract A one of a kind simple but power solar...

83

Stochastic models for tabbed browsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a model of tabbed browsing that represents a hybrid between a Markov process capturing the graph of hyperlinks, and a branching process capturing the birth and death of tabs. We present a mathematical criterion to characterize whether the ... Keywords: branching process, convergence, random walks, stationary distribution, tabbed browsing

Flavio Chierichetti; Ravi Kumar; Andrew Tomkins

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search BioFuel Energy Corp FoafName BioFuel Energy Corp + Name BioFuel Energy Corp + OpenEI...

85

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search BioFuel Oasis FoafName BioFuel Oasis + Name BioFuel Oasis + OpenEIPageDescription BioFuel...

86

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search 5 boro biofuel Address 100 maiden lane + Coordinates 40.706897, -74.007211Latitude: 40.706897...

87

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Datang Jilin Power Generation Co Ltd FoafName Datang Jilin Power Generation Co Ltd + Name Datang Jilin...

88

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search A Tracer Test Using Ethanol as a Two-Phase Tracer and 2-Naphthalene Sulfonate as a Liquid-Phase...

89

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Chesapeake Bay Test Site Coordinates 37.243, -76.062Latitude: 37.243 Longitude: -76.062 + Developer...

90

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search A New Zealand Test Of The Track-Etch Method Of Prospecting For Geothermal Steam Abstract The Track Etch...

91

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search BioProcess Algae FoafName BioProcess Algae + Name BioProcess Algae + OpenEIPageDescription BioProcess...

92

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Coal Severance Tax (Montana) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive true + IncentiveApplDsc...

93

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Clean Coal Ltd FoafName Clean Coal Ltd + Name Clean Coal Ltd + OpenEIPageDescription Clean Coal...

94

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search UK Coal Peel Energy JV FoafName UK Coal & Peel Energy JV + Name UK Coal & Peel Energy JV +...

95

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Category:Seattle, WA Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 12 September...

96

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Qingdao Hengfeng Wind Power Generator Co Ltd Coordinates 35.875, 119.977203Latitude: 35.875 Longitude:...

97

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Carbon Micro Battery LLC FoafName Carbon Micro Battery, LLC + Name Carbon Micro Battery, LLC + OpenEI...

98

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search China BAK Battery Inc Coordinates 22.546789, 114.112556Latitude: 22.546789 Longitude: 114.112556 +...

99

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Iron Edison Battery Company Depiction File:Logo - Mid Res.jpg + FoafHomepage http:ironedison.com +...

100

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Caterpillar FoafHomepage http:www.cat.com + FoafName Caterpillar + Name Caterpillar + NrelPartner true + NrelPartnerDescLink...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Browse wiki Jump to: navigation, search Bioethanol Limited Coordinates 51.506325, -0.127144Latitude: 51.506325 Longitude: -0.127144...

102

PNNL: Available Technologies - Browse Technologies by Portfolio  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Browse Technologies by Portfolio. Select a technology portfolio to view ...

103

Optimization Online - Search or Browse Submissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search or Browse Optimization Online Submissions. Advanced Search using Our Search Engine. Enter your search terms: name of author(s), title, keywords, ...

104

Semantic browsing in large scale videos collection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing amount of video data being produced, there is a growing demand for more efficient tools of exploration and navigation to further improve the retrieval effectiveness. In this paper, we present a new approach for video browsing based ... Keywords: data visualization, interactive user interface, semantic similarity, video retrieval, video semantic browsing

Jamel Slimi, Sadek Mansouri, Anis Ben Ammar, Adel M. Alimi

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

AOCS Official Method M 1-92  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Precision of Analytical Methods AOCS Official Method M 1-92 Methods Downloads Methods Downloads Official Methods and Recommended Practices of the AOCS (Methods) aocs applicants certified chemist chemists fats lab laboratories la

106

M1 Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

M1 Energy M1 Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name M1 Energy Place Chicago, Illinois Zip 60604 Sector Renewable Energy Product M1 Energy invests in renewable energy projects either solely or in partnership. Their project scope is focused on small to medium-sized oil, gas and electricity projects. Coordinates 41.88415°, -87.632409° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.88415,"lon":-87.632409,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

myPublications: Searching and browsing v4 myPublications: Searching and browsing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to conduct either a simple search or an advanced search. You can enter keywords and dates, and restrict searches You can save the terms used for a search of the database so that they can be used again without1 myPublications: Searching and browsing v4 myPublications: Searching and browsing Within my

Oakley, Jeremy

108

Enabling device independent co-browsing through adaptive view points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient co-browsing of web-pages from devices with different capabilities requires users to have a shared understanding of those web-pages. This paper outlines the concept of shared view point (SVP) and personal view point (PVP) for co-browsing before ... Keywords: Co-browsing, Device independence, Web content adaptation

H. N. Chua; S. D. Scott; Y. W. Choi

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Browse and Search Patterns in a Digital Image Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prototype image retrieval system with browse and search capabilities was developed to investigate patterns of searching a collection of digital visual images, as well as factors, such as image size, resolution, and download speed, which affect browsing. The ... Keywords: browsing, digital images, image retrieval, user studies

C. Olivia Frost; Bradley Taylor; Anna Noakes; Stephen Markel; Deborah Torres; Karen M. Drabenstott

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

GaN High Power Devices  

SciTech Connect

A brief review is given of recent progress in fabrication of high voltage GaN and AlGaN rectifiers, GaN/AlGaN heterojunction bipolar transistors, GaN heterostructure and metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors. Improvements in epitaxial layer quality and in fabrication techniques have led to significant advances in device performance.

PEARTON,S.J.; REN,F.; ZHANG,A.P.; DANG,G.; CAO,X.A.; LEE,K.P.; CHO,H.; GILA,B.P.; JOHNSON,J.W.; MONIER,C.; ABERNATHY,C.R.; HAN,JUNG; BACA,ALBERT G.; CHYI,J.-I.; LEE,C.-M.; NEE,T.-E.; CHUO,C.-C.; CHI,G.C.; CHU,S.N.G.

2000-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

111

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Database Browse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Database Browse Database Browse The ASTRAL Compendium in 2004; Chandonia, John-Marc; Hon, Gary; Walker, Nigel S.; Lo Conte, Loredana; Koehl, Patrice; Levitt, Michael; Brenner, Steven E.; September 15, 2003; LBNL--53820; ACC0491 322 K, 10 pp. View Document A Novel Method for Sampling Alpha-Helical Protein Backbones; Fain, Boris; Levitt, Michael; 2001; ; ACC0490 1223 K, 28 pp. View Document Chemical Research--Radiochemistry Report for Month Ending April 17, 1943; Franck, J. Division Director; 1952; CC-579; ACC0484 13567 K, 21 pp. View Document Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics - Annual Report, 1970.; Karplus, Martin; October 1970; HUX--3780-33; ACC0483 544 K, 7 pp. View Document Nonequilibrium Contribution to the Rate of Reaction. III. Isothermal Multicomponent Systems; Shizgal, B.; Karplus, M.; October 1970; HUX--3780-31; ACC0482

112

On the nonexistence of $[\\binom{2m}{m-1}, 2m, \\binom{2m-1}{m-1}]$, $m$ odd, complex orthogonal design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex orthogonal designs (CODs) are used to construct space-time block codes. COD $\\mathcal{O}_z$ with parameter $[p, n, k]$ is a $p\\times n$ matrix, where nonzero entries are filled by $\\pm z_i$ or $\\pm z^*_i$, $i = 1, 2,..., k$, such that $\\mathcal{O}^H_z \\mathcal{O}_z = (|z_1|^2+|z_2|^2+...+|z_k|^2)I_{n \\times n}$. Adams et al. in "The final case of the decoding delay problem for maximum rate complex orthogonal designs," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 103-122, Jan. 2010, first proved the nonexistence of $[\\binom{2m}{m-1}, 2m, \\binom{2m-1}{m-1}]$, $m$ odd, COD. Combining with the previous result that decoding delay should be an integer multiple of $\\binom{2m}{m-1}$, they solved the final case $n \\equiv 2 \\pmod 4$ of the decoding delay problem for maximum rate complex orthogonal designs. In this paper, we give another proof of the nonexistence of COD with parameter $[\\binom{2m}{m-1}, 2m, \\binom{2m-1}{m-1}]$, $m$ odd. Our new proof is based on the uniqueness of $[\\binom{2m}{m-1}, 2m-1, \\binom{...

Li, Yuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

A Learning Agent that Assists the Browsing of Software Libraries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractżLocating software items is difficult, even for knowledgeable software designers, when searching in large, complex, and continuously growing libraries. This paper describes a technique we term active browsing. An active browser suggests to the ... Keywords: Software reuse, searching software libraries, learning agents, simulated human users, active browsing.

Christopher G. Drummond; Dan Ionescu; Robert C. Holte

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Remote Book Browsing System using a Mobile Manipulator Tetsuo Tomizawa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Book Browsing System using a Mobile Manipulator Tetsuo Tomizawa , Akihisa Ohya and Shin in this research is to help humans browse books located in a library from a remote location via the Internet. This task was decomposed into three major parts which are, the extraction and return of a book from

Ohya, Akihisa

115

GaN Nanopore Arrays: Fabrication and Characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaN nanopore arrays with pore diameters of approximately 75 nm were fabricated by inductively coupled plasma etching (ICP) using anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films as etch masks. Nanoporous AAO films were formed on the GaN ...

Wang, Yadong

116

An immersive system for browsing and visualizing surveillance video  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HouseFly is an interactive data browsing and visualization system that synthesizes audio-visual recordings from multiple sensors, as well as the meta-data derived from those recordings, into a unified viewing experience. ...

DeCamp, Philip James

117

Global ISCCP B1 Browse System | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global ISCCP B1 Browse System Global ISCCP B1 Browse System Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Global ISCCP B1 Browse System Dataset Summary Description Global full disk satellite images from 1983 to present. Tags {GIBBS,ISCCP,satellite,full-disk,geostationary,infrared,visible,"water vapor",GOES,POES,DMSP,ISCCP,GVI,AVHRR,TOVS,ATOVS,SSM/I,HIRS,AMSU-A,AMSU-B,TIROS,VTPR,GVAR,CLASS,"Scientific data Stewardship",Browse,Images,"Satellite Images","Satellite data"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 03/08/12 Publisher National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce

118

API for browsing available data sources? | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

API for browsing available data sources? API for browsing available data sources? Safety Data/Tools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov » Communities » Safety » Forums API for browsing available data sources? Submitted by G. Hussain Chinoy on Tue, 09/18/2012 - 4:46pm Log in to vote 2 The provided "Data/Tools" tab is a nice human readable view of the data resources on safety.data.gov, but is there an API to view the different data sources by category or any of the other attributes of a data set? Thanks Add new comment Your name Subject Comment * More information about text formats Plain text No HTML tags allowed. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. CAPTCHA This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent

119

Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) Home > Groups > Developer Dear all, I am wondering if the semantic result format for the region browser (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Browse_By_Region) is available for reuse. Could anyone point me to the developer of it? Thanks and best wishes, Timo Submitted by Timo.Kouwenhoven on 2 October, 2013 - 05:35 2 answers Points: 1 Timo, My apologies for the delayed response. The Semantic Result Format we used was a custom Raphael SVG mapping format we developed. While we're not easily able to release it, you can replicate the even better Google GeoCharts Result Format, which you can see here: http://en.openei.org/wiki/About_the_Smart_Grid For this, all we did was take the code for the Google GeoMaps Result Format and modify it to pass in the parameters and base URL necessary to access

120

Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) Home > Groups > Developer Dear all, I am wondering if the semantic result format for the region browser (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Browse_By_Region) is available for reuse. Could anyone point me to the developer of it? Thanks and best wishes, Timo Submitted by Timo.Kouwenhoven on 2 October, 2013 - 05:35 2 answers Points: 1 Timo, My apologies for the delayed response. The Semantic Result Format we used was a custom Raphael SVG mapping format we developed. While we're not easily able to release it, you can replicate the even better Google GeoCharts Result Format, which you can see here: http://en.openei.org/wiki/About_the_Smart_Grid For this, all we did was take the code for the Google GeoMaps Result Format and modify it to pass in the parameters and base URL necessary to access

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) Home > Groups > Developer Dear all, I am wondering if the semantic result format for the region browser (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Browse_By_Region) is available for reuse. Could anyone point me to the developer of it? Thanks and best wishes, Timo Submitted by Timo.Kouwenhoven on 2 October, 2013 - 05:35 2 answers Points: 1 Timo, My apologies for the delayed response. The Semantic Result Format we used was a custom Raphael SVG mapping format we developed. While we're not easily able to release it, you can replicate the even better Google GeoCharts Result Format, which you can see here: http://en.openei.org/wiki/About_the_Smart_Grid For this, all we did was take the code for the Google GeoMaps Result Format and modify it to pass in the parameters and base URL necessary to access

122

Review of M-1 Plugging in Pipeline Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PIPELINE PLUG PREVENTION: PIPELINE PLUG PREVENTION: Enlightenment Yielded From Initiative M-1 Testing Results Principal Investigator: Adam Poloski Presenter: Harold Adkins May 21, 2009 Outline Test purpose & design Invaluable literature information Stability map concept development Results/sedimentation observations General conclusions 2 M-1 Initiative Testing: Purpose & Design Investigate critical deposition velocity for slurries with wide range of properties to mimic large cross section of Hanford waste to be processed (WTP-RPT-175, Rev 0) Particle density (2.5 g/cc - 8 g/cc) Particle size (10 µm - 100 µm) Rheology (0, 3, 6 Pa) koalin composition Investigate influence of complex piping geometry (WTP- RPT-178, Rev 0) Investigate critical deposition velocity for a representative

123

Multimodal Surrogates for Video Browsing College of Library & Info. Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multimodal Surrogates for Video Browsing Wei Ding College of Library & Info. Services University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 1-202-623-7038 weid@glue.umd.edu Gary Marchionini School of Info. & Library Soergel College of Library & Info. Services University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 1

Soergel, Dagobert

124

Tagging of name records for genealogical data browsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a method of parsing unstructured textual records briefly describing a person and their direct relatives, which we use in the construction of a browsing tool for genealogical data. The records have been created by researchers ... Keywords: genealogy, information retrieval, tagging, visualization

Mike Perrow; David Barber

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A Multimedia Session Manager Service for the Collaborative Browsing System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Browsing the Web is usually a lonely task. People visit sites, collect information and are not aware of other people looking at the same material, people with whom they could exchange experiences and ideas about the subject they are looking at. A Collaborative ...

Sandro Rafaeli; David Hutchison

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Evaluation of picture browsing using a projector phone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is expected that projector phones (mobile phones with an integrated pico projector) will hit the market in the next few years. So far no research exists regarding how mobile applications should be designed when using a projection and which applications ... Keywords: interaction design, photo browsing, projector phone

Andrew Greaves; Enrico Rukzio

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Picture browsing and map interaction using a projector phone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is expected that projector phones (mobile phones with built-in pico projectors) will hit the market by 2010. Such phones provide a completely new way to display information and interaction techniques. The system presented in this paper allows the ... Keywords: map interaction, photo browsing, projector phone

Andrew Greaves; Alina Hang; Enrico Rukzio

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

GaN: Defect and Device Issues  

SciTech Connect

The role of extended and point defects, and key impurities such as C, O and H, on the electrical and optical properties of GaN is reviewed. Recent progress in the development of high reliability contacts, thermal processing, dry and wet etching techniques, implantation doping and isolation and gate insulator technology is detailed. Finally, the performance of GaN-based electronic and photonic devices such as field effect transistors, UV detectors, laser diodes and light-emitting diodes is covered, along with the influence of process-induced or grown-in defects and impurities on the device physics.

Pearton, S.J.; Ren, F.; Shul, R.J.; Zolper, J.C.

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

129

Micro Raman Spectroscopy of Annealed Erbium Implanted GaN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wurtzite GaN epilayers grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition on sapphire substrates were subsequently ion implanted with Er to a dose of 5×10ą? cm?˛. The implanted samples were annealed in nitrogen atmosphere ...

Vajpeyi, Agam P.

130

Cathodoluminescence Microanalysis of Suspended GaN Nano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CL from bulk GaN is dominated by the ~3.4 eV near-band-edge emission. In contrast, the suspended nano-membranes emit a broad defect associated emission ...

131

ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island (AMIE-Gan) Science Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overarching campaign, which includes the ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2) deployment in conjunction with the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) and the Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011 (CINDY2011) campaigns, is designed to test several current hypotheses regarding the mechanisms responsible for Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) initiation and propagation in the Indian Ocean area. The synergy between the proposed AMF2 deployment with DYNAMO/CINDY2011, and the corresponding funded experiment on Manus, combine for an overarching ARM MJO Investigation Experiment (AMIE) with two components: AMF2 on Gan Island in the Indian Ocean (AMIE-Gan), where the MJO initiates and starts its eastward propagation; and the ARM Manus site (AMIE-Manus), which is in the general area where the MJO usually starts to weaken in climate models. AMIE-Gan will provide measurements of particular interest to Atmospheric System Research (ASR) researchers relevant to improving the representation of MJO initiation in climate models. The framework of DYNAMO/CINDY2011 includes two proposed island-based sites and two ship-based locations forming a square pattern with sonde profiles and scanning precipitation and cloud radars at both island and ship sites. These data will be used to produce a Variational Analysis data set coinciding with the one produced for AMIE-Manus. The synergy between AMIE-Manus and AMIE-Gan will allow studies of the initiation, propagation, and evolution of the convective cloud population within the framework of the MJO. As with AMIE-Manus, AMIE-Gan/DYNAMO also includes a significant modeling component geared toward improving the representation of MJO initiation and propagation in climate and forecast models. This campaign involves the deployment of the second, marine-capable, AMF; all of the included measurement systems; and especially the scanning and vertically pointing radars. The campaign will include sonde launches at a rate of eight per day for the duration of the deployment. The increased sonde launches for the entire period matches that of the AMIE-Manus campaign and makes possible a far more robust Variational Analysis forcing data set product for the entire campaign, and thus better capabilities for modeling studies and synergistic research using the data from both AMIE sites.

Long, CL; Del Genio, A; Deng, M; Fu, X; Gustafson, W; Houze, R; Jakob, C; Jensen, M; Johnson, R; Liu, X; Luke, E; May, P; McFarlane, S; Minnis, P; Schumacher, C; Vogelmann, A; Wang, Y; Webster, P; Xie, S; Zhang, C

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

132

Vertically aligned GaN nanotubes - Fabrication and current image analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we present a one step formation method of nanotubes on GaN film, and then map out local current of nanotubes. GaN nanotubes were formed by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching and found that tops of these nanotubes were hexagonal with ... Keywords: C-AFM, FESEM, GaN, ICP, Nanotubes

Shang-Chao Hung; Yan-Kuin Su; Shoou-Jinn Chang; Y. H. Chen

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Development of Book Remote Browsing System Object Posture Recognition for Book Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ , 21 Development of Book Remote Browsing System ­ Object Posture Recognition for Book remote objects. A human uses the system to browse a book of a library from a remote location via the Internet. We propose an efficient method of recognizing books of any posture and planning

Ohya, Akihisa

134

Book Remote Browsing System using a Mobile Manipulator Task Accomplishment by Integrated Behaviors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ , 21 Book Remote Browsing System using a Mobile Manipulator ­ Task Accomplishment by Integrated remote objects. A human uses the system to browse a book of a library from a remote location via. And we evaluated its performance through experimental results. Key Words: Access Media, Book Remote

Ohya, Akihisa

135

Book Browsing System using an Autonomous Mobile Robot Teleoperated via the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book Browsing System using an Autonomous Mobile Robot Teleoperated via the Internet Tetsuo Tomizawa humans browse books of a libraly from a remote location. In this work, we build such a system accord- ingly to its basic requirements involving autonomous nav- igation, environment perception, book

Ohya, Akihisa

136

Evaluation and evolution of a browse and search interface: Relation Browser++  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present in this paper the design and an evaluation of a novel interface called the Relation Browser++ (RB++) for searching and browsing large information collections. RB++ provides visualized category overviews of an information space and allows dynamic ... Keywords: browse, category overview, dynamic query, interactive system, interface design, search, visualization

Junliang Zhang; Gary Marchionini

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Bookisheet: bendable device for browsing content using the metaphor of leafing through the pages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed an interface for browsing content that uses the metaphor of turning the pages of a book. Using our "Bookisheet" interface, which consists of two thin plastic sheets and bend sensors, a user can easily scroll digital content such as ... Keywords: book metaphor, content browsing, flexible display, navigation, tangible user interface

Jun-ichiro Watanabe; Arito Mochizuki; Youichi Horry

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

MetaBrowser: A combined browsing, query, and analysis tool  

SciTech Connect

The MetaBrowser design is based on the premise that scientists should not be forced to learn new languages or commands for finding the data they are interested in and for selecting subsets of the data for further analysis. Furthermore, there should be a single system that permits browsing, query, and analysis of the data, so that the scientist does not have to switch between systems. The current version for the MetaBrowser was designed for the DOE CEDR (Comprehensive Epidemiological Data Resource) project, but the same principles can apply to other scientific disciplines. Browsing and query should be combined. It is quite natural for a user to explore the information in the database before deciding what subset of the data to select for further analysis. In general, if there is a large number of datasets (i.e. databases) in the system, then the user would want to find out information about the various datasets (called metadata), before choosing one or more datasets for further exploration. Thus, a metadatabase that holds information about datasets in the systems must exist.

Shoshani, A.; Szeto, E.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

High Voltage GaN Schottky Rectifiers  

SciTech Connect

Mesa and planar GaN Schottky diode rectifiers with reverse breakdown voltages (V{sub RB}) up to 550V and >2000V, respectively, have been fabricated. The on-state resistance, R{sub ON}, was 6m{Omega}{center_dot} cm{sup 2} and 0.8{Omega}cm{sup 2}, respectively, producing figure-of-merit values for (V{sub RB}){sup 2}/R{sub ON} in the range 5-48 MW{center_dot}cm{sup -2}. At low biases the reverse leakage current was proportional to the size of the rectifying contact perimeter, while at high biases the current was proportional to the area of this contact. These results suggest that at low reverse biases, the leakage is dominated by the surface component, while at higher biases the bulk component dominates. On-state voltages were 3.5V for the 550V diodes and {ge}15 for the 2kV diodes. Reverse recovery times were <0.2{micro}sec for devices switched from a forward current density of {approx}500A{center_dot}cm{sup -2} to a reverse bias of 100V.

CAO,X.A.; CHO,H.; CHU,S.N.G.; CHUO,C.-C.; CHYI,J.-I.; DANG,G.T.; HAN,JUNG; LEE,C.-M.; PEARTON,S.J.; REN,F.; WILSON,R.G.; ZHANG,A.P.

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

140

Browsing and Placement of Multiresolution Images on Secondary Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the rapid advances in computer and communication technologies, there is an increasing demand to build and maintain large image repositories. In order to reduce the demands on I/O and network resources, multiresolution representations of images are being proposed for the storage organization of images. Image decomposition techniques such as wavelets can be used to provide multiple resolution images. The image is represented by several coefficients, one of them with visual similarity to the original image but at a lower resolution. Thus, these visually similar coefficients can be thought of as the thumbnails or icons of the original image. This paper addresses the problem of storing these multiresolution coefficients on disk(s) so that thumbnail browsing as well as image reconstruction can be performed efficiently. Several strategies are evaluated to store the image coefficients on parallel disks. These strategies can be classified into two broad classes depending on whether the bro...

Sunil Prabhakar; Divyakant Agrawal; Amr El Abbadi; Ambuj Singh; Terence R. Smith

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Properties of H, O and C in GaN  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electrical properties of the light ion impurities H, O and C in GaN have been examined in both as-grown and implanted material. H is found to efficiently passivate acceptors such as Mg, Ca and C. Reactivation occurs at {ge} 450 C and is enhanced by minority carrier injection. The hydrogen does not leave the GaN crystal until > 800 C, and its diffusivity is relatively high ({approximately} 10{sup {minus}11} cm{sup 2}/s) even at low temperatures (< 200 C) during injection by wet etching, boiling in water or plasma exposure. Oxygen shows a low donor activation efficiency when implanted into GaN, with an ionization level of 30--40 meV. It is essentially immobile up to 1,100 C. Carbon can produce low p-type levels (3 {times} 10{sup 17} cm{sup {minus}3}) in GaN during MOMBE, although there is some evidence it may also create n-type conduction in other nitrides.

Pearton, S.J.; Abernathy, C.R.; Lee, J.W. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Research report: improving browsing in information by the automatic display layout  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that graphical representations could be very helpful to browse in graph structured information. But this promising approach requires the capability of an automatic layout system because the tedious and time consuming task of a manual ... Keywords: automatic display layout, automatic layout system, computer animation, display layouts, graph structured information, graphical representations, graphical user interfaces, human factors, information browsing, information network, information retrieval, layout algorithms, manual layout, time consuming, user model, user modelling, user requests

P. Luders; R. Ernst

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Reliability of GaN HEMTs: Electrical and Radiation-induced Failure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Advanced Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning, and Power Conversion II. Presentation Title, Reliability of GaN HEMTs: Electrical ...

144

Intersubband Absorption at 1.55 ?M In Aln/Gan Multi Quantum Wells ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intersubband Absorption at 1.55 ?M In Aln/Gan Multi Quantum Wells Grown at 770 °C by Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy using Pulse Injection Method.

145

K8, HVPE Homoepitaxy of p-Type GaN on n-Type Catalyst Free ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the growth of p-type HVPE GaN using catalyst free GaN nitride nanowires as a lattice matched substrate. The nanowires were grown using plasma ...

146

Dynamic Model of Hydrogen in GaN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Model of Hydrogen in GaN by S. M. Myers and A. F. Wright Motivation-Hydrogen is incorporated into p-type GaN during MOCVD growth, producing highly stable passivation of the Mg acceptors. Complete acceptor activation by thermal H release requires temperatures that threaten material integrity, prompting compromises in device processing. At lower temperatures, forward bias of p-n junctions or electron-beam irradiation produces a metastable, reversible activation without H release. To understand and control such effects, we are developing a mathematical model of H behavior wherein state energies from density-functional theory are employed in diffusion-reaction equations. Previously, we used the greatly simplifying assumptions of local equilibrium among states

147

Effect of gas feeding methods on optical properties of GaN grown by rapid thermal chemical vapor deposition reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: Ga vacancies, GaN growth, gas feeding method, optical property, rapid thermal chemical vapor deposition (RTCVD), yellow luminescence

Sun Jung Kim; Young Hun Seo; Kee Suk Nahm; Yun Bong Hahn; Hyun Wook Shim; Eun-Kyung Suh; Kee Young Lim; Hyung Jae Lee

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Lighting Enhancement of GaN LEDs by Applying p-Type Ni(P):SnO2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Multifunctional Oxides. Presentation Title, Lighting Enhancement of GaN LEDs ...

149

UV-Photoassisted Etching of GaN in KOH  

SciTech Connect

The etch rate of GaN under W-assisted photoelectrochemical conditions in KOH solutions is found to be a strong function of illumination intensity, solution molarity, sample bias and material doping level. At low e-h pair generation rates, grain boundaries are selectively etched, while at higher illumination intensities etch rates for unintentionally doped (n - 3x 10^12Gcm-3) GaN are 2 1000 .min-l. The etching is diffusion limited under our conditions with an activation energy of - 0.8kCal.mol-1. The etched surfaces are rough, but retain their stoichiometry. PEC etching is found to selectively reveal grain boundaries in GaN under low light illumination conditions. At high lamp powers the rates increase with sample temperature and the application of bias to the PEC cell, while they go through a maximum with KOH solution molarity. The etching is diffusion-limited, producing rough surface morphologies that are suitable in a limited number of device fabrication steps. The surfaces however appear to remain relatively close to their stoichiometric composition.

Abernathy, C.R.; Auh, K.H.; Cho, H.; Donovan, S.M.; Han, J.; Lambers, E.S.; Pearton, S.J.; Ren F.; Shul, R.J.

1998-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

150

Quantized states in homogenous polarized GaInN GaN quantum wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantized states in homogenous polarized GaInN GaN quantum wells C. Wetzel1, S. Kamiyama1, H. Amano wells is calculated in a single particle model. The act- ing electric eld in the wells and the band gap-dimensional well layers our approach is based on induction from results obtained at the binary GaN barri- ers

Wetzel, Christian M.

151

Cubic GaN Light Emitting Diode Grown by Metalorganic Vapor-Phase Epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we report on the doping characteristics of Si and Mg in the growth of cubic GaN by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy (MOVPE). We also report the growth of a p-n diode structure made of cubic GaN, and its characterization by electron-beam-induced-current (EBIC) and current injection measurements.

Hidenao Tanaka Member; Vapor-phase Epitaxy; Atsushi Nakadaira

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

GaN membrane-supported UV photodetectors manufactured using nanolithographic processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Membrane GaN metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetector structures using nanolithographic techniques have been manufactured for the first time. Very low dark currents and unexpected high values for the responsivity have been obtained. It seems that ... Keywords: GaN, Membrane, Nanolithography, Responsivity, SEM

A. Müller; G. Konstantinidis; M. Dragoman; D. Neculoiu; A. Dinescu; M. Androulidaki; M. Kayambaki; A. Stavrinidis; D. Vasilache; C. Buiculescu; I. Petrini; A. Kostopoulos; D. Dascalu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Development of Book Remote Browsing Robot System Tetsuo Tomizawa, Akihisa Ohya, Shin'ichi Yuta (University of Tsukuba)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ , 21 Development of Book Remote Browsing Robot System Tetsuo Tomizawa, Akihisa Ohya, Shin browse books located in a library from a remote location via the Internet. This task was decomposed into three major parts which are, the extraction and return of a book from a bookshelf, its perusal

Ohya, Akihisa

154

Spin-flip M1 giant resonance as a challenge for Skyrme forces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite a great success of the Skyrme mean-field approach in exploration of nuclear dynamics, it seems to fail in description of the spin-flip M1 giant resonance. The results for different Skyrme parameterizations are contradictory and poorly agree with experiment. In particular, there is no parameterization which simultaneously describes the one-peak gross structure of M1 strength in doubly magic nuclei and two-peak structure in heavy deformed nuclei. The reason of this mismatch could lie in an unsatisfactory treatment of spin correlations and spin-orbit interaction. We discuss the present status of the problem and possible ways of its solution. In particular, we inspect i) the interplay of the collective shift and spin-orbit splitting, ii) the isovector M1 response versus isospin-mixed responses, and iii) the role of tensor and isovector spin-orbit interaction.

V. O. Nesterenko; J. Kvasil; P. Vesely; W. Kleinig; P. -G. Reinhard; V. Yu. Ponomarev

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

155

On Sojourn Times in the Finite Capacity $M/M/1$ Queue with Processor Sharing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a processor shared $M/M/1$ queue that can accommodate at most a finite number $K$ of customers. We give an exact expression for the sojourn time distribution in the finite capacity model, in terms of a Laplace transform. We then give the tail behavior, for the limit $K\\to\\infty$, by locating the dominant singularity of the Laplace transform.

Zhen, Qiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Beyond hyperlinks: organizing information footprints in search logs to support effective browsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While current search engines serve known-item search such as homepage finding very well, they generally cannot support exploratory search effectively. In exploratory search, users do not know their information needs precisely and also often lack the ... Keywords: beyond hyperlinks, effective browsing, information footprints, multi-resolution topic maps

Xuanhui Wang; Bin Tan; Azadeh Shakery; ChengXiang Zhai

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Improving web browsing performance on wireless pdas using thin-client computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web applications are becoming increasingly popular for mobile wireless PDAs. However, web browsing on these systems can be quite slow. An alternative approach is handheld thin-client computing, in which the web browser and associated application logic ... Keywords: thin-client computing, web performance, wireless and mobility

Albert M. Lai; Jason Nieh; Bhagyashree Bohra; Vijayarka Nandikonda; Abhishek P. Surana; Suchita Varshneya

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

ProPane: fast and precise video browsing on mobile phones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies show that every fourth smartphone user watches videos on their device. However, because of increasing camera and encoding quality more and more smartphones are providing an attractive tool for creating and editing videos. The demand for smooth ... Keywords: Android, handheld devices, interface design, mobile video, multimedia, navigation, precise, touch, video browsing

Roman Ganhör

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Grid-based Interaction for Effective Image Browsing on Mobile Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for expensive bandwidth in remote environments, it will also be shown how to combine this browsing technique proportions. 2. Each transparent grid cell has the shape of the available screen space and shows properties outline represents the whole image, each grid cell stands for an image region which fits on screen. Since

Rosenbaum, Rene

160

X-Ray Studies of GaN Film Grown on Si Using Electrochemical Deposition Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the X-ray studies of GaN thin films deposited on Si (111) substrate at different current density using electrochemical deposition technique. The structural properties of GaN films were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD). XRD analysis showed that hexagonal wurtzite and cubic zinc blende GaN phases were both deposited on Si (111). The lattice constants, the average size of h-GaN crystals and the in-plane (along a-axis) and out of plane (along c-axis) strains were calculated from XRD analysis.

Al-Heuseen, K.; Hashim, M. R. [Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Minden, Penang (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Comparative study of GaN growth process by MOVPE  

SciTech Connect

A comparative study of two different MOVPE reactors used for GaN growth is presented. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to determine common gas phase and fluid flow behaviors within these reactors. This paper focuses on the common thermal fluid features of these two MOVPE reactors with different geometries and operating pressures that can grow device-quality GaN-based materials. The study clearly shows that several growth conditions must be achieved in order to grow high quality GaN materials. The high-temperature gas flow zone must be limited to a very thin flow sheet above the susceptor, while the bulk gas phase temperature must be very low to prevent extensive pre-deposition reactions. These conditions lead to higher growth rates and improved material quality. A certain range of gas flow velocity inside the high-temperature gas flow zone is also required in order to minimize the residence time and improve the growth uniformity. These conditions can be achieved by the use of either a novel reactor structure such as a two-flow approach or by specific flow conditions. The quantitative ranges of flow velocities, gas phase temperature, and residence time required in these reactors to achieve high quality material and uniform growth are given.

Sun, J.; Redwing, J.M.; Kuech, T.F.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Dielectrics for GaN based MIS-diodes  

SciTech Connect

GaN MIS diodes were demonstrated utilizing AlN and Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}(Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) as insulators. A 345 {angstrom} of AlN was grown on the MOCVD grown n-GaN in a MOMBE system using trimethylamine alane as Al precursor and nitrogen generated from a wavemat ECR N2 plasma. For the Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}(Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) growth, a multi MBE chamber was used and a 195 {angstrom} oxide is E-beam evaporated from a single crystal source of Ga{sub 5}Gd{sub 3}O{sub 12}. The forward breakdown voltage of AlN and Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}(Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) diodes are 5V and 6V, respectively, which are significantly improved from {approximately} 1.2 V of schottky contact. From the C-V measurements, both kinds of diodes showed good charge modulation from accumulation to depletion at different frequencies. The insulator GaN interface roughness and the thickness of the insulator were measured with x-ray reflectivity.

Ren, F.; Abernathy, C.R.; MacKenzie, J.D. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Correlation of doping, structure, and carrier dynamics in a single GaN nanorod  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the nanoscale optical investigation of a single GaN p-n junction nanorod by cathodoluminescence (CL) in a scanning transmission electron microscope. CL emission characteristic of dopant-related transitions was ...

Zhou, Xiang

164

Millimeter-wave GaN high electron mobility transistors and their integration with silicon electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In spite of the great progress in performance achieved during the last few years, GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) still have several important issues to be solved for millimeter-wave (30 ~ 300 GHz) applications. ...

Chung, Jinwook W. (Jinwook Will)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

RF Power Degradation of GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed a versatile methodology to systematically investigate the RF reliability of GaN High-Electron Mobility Transistors. Our technique utilizes RF and DC figures of merit to diagnose the degradation of RF ...

Joh, Jungwoo

166

In situ studies of the effect of silicon on GaN growth modes.  

SciTech Connect

We present real-time X-ray scattering studies of the influence of silicon on the homoepitaxial growth mode of GaN grown by metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy. Both annealing of Si-doped GaN and surface dosing of GaN with disilane are shown to change the mode of subsequent growth from step-flow to layer-by-layer. By comparing the growth behavior induced by doped layers which have been annealed to that induced by surface dosing, we extract an approximate diffusion coefficient for Si in GaN of 3.5 x 10{sup -18} cm{sup 2}/s at 810{sup o}C.

Munkholm, A.; Stephenson, G. B.; Eastman, J. A.; Auciello, O.; Murty, M. V. R.; Thompson, C.; Fini, P.; Speck, J. S.; DenBaars, S. P.; Northern Illinois Univ.; Univ. of California at Santa Barbara

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Light extraction in individual GaN nanowires on Si for LEDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaN-based nanowires hold great promise for solid state lighting applications because of their waveguiding properties and the ability to grow nonpolar GaN nanowire-based heterostructures, which could lead to increased light ...

Zhou, Xiang

168

Enhanced oil recovery by micellar polymer flooding: M-1 project status report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Marathon Oil Co. has operated a large micellar-polymer project in S. Illinois. The M-1 Maraflood Project, encompasses ca 407 acres of the Main Robinson sand reservoir. The M-1 Project was developed using 5-spot patterns on 2 different spacing schemes; 248 acres were developed using 2.5-acre spacing; and 159 acres were developed using 5.0-acre spacing. The project utilizes 114 injection wells and 132 oil wells. Objectives of the project are to determine the economic feasibility of large-scale projects in waterflooded reservoirs and to compare the performance of the 2.5- and 5.0-acre patterns. Oil production increased from 150 bopd to a peak of 680 bopd. To date a total 848,000 bbl of tertiary oil have been produced. 11 references.

Hinchman, S.B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Isovector and isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths in $^{11}$B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{11}$B($^3$He$, t$), $^{11}$B($d, d'$), and $^{11}$B($p, p'$) reactions were measured at forward scattering angles including $0^\\circ$ to study the isovector and isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths in $^{11}$B. The measured $^{11}$B($^3$He$, t$) cross sections were compared with the results of the distorted-wave impulse-approximation (DWIA) calculation, and the Gamow-Teller (GT) strengths for low-lying states in $^{11}$C were determined. The GT strengths were converted to the isovector spin-flip M1 strengths using the isobaric analog relations under the assumption of the isospin symmetry. The isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths were obtained from the ($d, d'$) analysis by assuming that the shape of the collective transition form factor with the same ${\\Delta}J^\\pi$ is similar in the $^{11}$B($d, d'$) and $^{12}$C($d, d'$) reactions. The obtained isovector and isoscalar strengths were used in the DWIA calculations for the $^{11}$B($p, p'$) reaction. The DWIA calculation reasonably well explains the present $^{11}$B($p, p'$) result. However, the calculated cross section for the 8.92-MeV 3/2$^-_2$ state was significantly smaller than the experimental values. The transition strengths obtained in the shell-model calculations were found to be 20-50% larger than the experimental strengths. The transition strengths for the neutrino induced reactions were estimated by using the isovector and isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths. The present results are quantitatively in agreement with the theoretical estimation discussing the axial isoscalar coupling in the neutrino scattering process, and are useful in the measurement of the stellar neutrinos using the neutral- and charged-current reactions on $^{11}$B.

T. Kawabata; H. Akimune; H. Fujimura; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; M. Fujiwara; K. Hara; K. Y. Hara; K. Hatanaka; T. Ishikawa; M. Itoh; J. Kamiya; S. Kishi; M. Nakamura; K. Nakanishi; T. Noro; H. Sakaguchi; Y. Shimbara; H. Takeda; A. Tamii; S. Terashima; H. Toyokawa; M. Uchida; H. Ueno; T. Wakasa; Y. Yasuda; H. P. Yoshida; M. Yosoi

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Geomagnetic observatory GAN Jakub Velimsky K. Chandra Shakar Rao Lars W. Pedersen Ahmed Muslim  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic observatory GAN Jakub Vel´imsk´y K. Chandra Shakar Rao Lars W. Pedersen Ahmed Muslim´imsk´y et al. (ETH,UK,DTU,NGRI,GMO) Geomagnetic observatory GAN 27.4.2011/KG MFF UK 1 / 16 #12;Participating, Univ. Stuttgart) John Riddick (BGS, retired) Vel´imsk´y et al. (ETH,UK,DTU,NGRI,GMO) Geomagnetic

Cerveny, Vlastislav

171

GaN Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors  

SciTech Connect

A GaN based depletion mode metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) was demonstrated using Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}(Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) as the gate dielectric. The MOS gate reverse breakdown voltage was > 35V which was significantly improved from 17V of Pt Schottky gate on the same material. A maximum extrinsic transconductance of 15 mS/mm was obtained at V{sub ds} = 30 V and device performance was limited by the contact resistance. A unity current gain cut-off frequency, f{sub {tau}}, and maximum frequency of oscillation, f{sub max} of 3.1 and 10.3 GHz, respectively, were measured at V{sub ds} = 25 V and V{sub gs} = {minus}20 V.

Ren, F.; Pearton, S.J.; Abernathy, C.R.; Baca, A.; Cheng, P.; Shul, R.J.; Chu, S.N.G.; Hong, M.; Lothian, J.R.; Schurman, M.J.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

172

GaN directional couplers for integrated quantum photonics  

SciTech Connect

Large cross-section GaN waveguides are proposed as a suitable architecture to achieve integrated quantum photonic circuits. Directional couplers with this geometry have been designed with aid of the beam propagation method and fabricated using inductively coupled plasma etching. Scanning electron microscopy inspection shows high quality facets for end coupling and a well defined gap between rib pairs in the coupling region. Optical characterization at 800 nm shows single-mode operation and coupling-length-dependent splitting ratios. Two photon interference of degenerate photon pairs has been observed in the directional coupler by measurement of the Hong-Ou-Mandel dip [C. K. Hong, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987)] with 96% visibility.

Zhang Yanfeng; McKnight, Loyd; Watson, Ian M.; Gu, Erdan; Calvez, Stephane; Dawson, Martin D. [Institute of Photonics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NW (United Kingdom); Engin, Erman; Cryan, Martin J.; Thompson, Mark G.; O'Brien, Jeremy L. [Centre for Quantum Photonics, H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory and Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Bristol, Merchant Venturers Building, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UB (United Kingdom)

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

173

Growth of cubic GaN quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

Zinc-blende GaN quantum dots were grown on 3C-AlN(001) by two different methods in a molecular beam epitaxy system. The quantum dots in method A were fabricated by the Stranski-Krastanov growth process. The quantum dots in method B were fabricated by droplet epitaxy, a vapor-liquid-solid process. The density of the quantum dots was controllable in a range of 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2} to 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2}. Reflection high energy electron diffraction analysis confirmed the zinc-blende crystal structure of the QDs. Photoluminescence spectroscopy revealed the optical activity of the QDs, the emission energy was in agreement with the exciton ground state transition energy of theoretical calculations.

Schupp, T.; Lischka, K.; As, D. J. [Universitaet Paderborn, Department Physik, Warburger Str.100, 33095 Paderborn (Germany); Meisch, T.; Neuschl, B.; Feneberg, M.; Thonke, K. [Institut fuer Quantenmaterie, Universitaet Ulm, 89069 Ulm (Germany)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Browse by Discipline -- Subject Pathways for the E-print Network -- Energy,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Browse by Discipline These pages contain links to thousands of servers, sites, and documents contributed by individual authors that contain e-print information in discipline areas of interest to the Department of Energy's research activities. These resources are organized into discipline-specific categories as indicated below. To view these resources and sites, simply select a discipline, browse the entries listed in alphabetical order, and click on any entry to leave the discipline you selected and enter a specific website. Use the "Back" button to return to the E-print Discipline you exited from. Biology and Medicine Biotechnology Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Chemistry Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization Engineering Environmental Management and Restoration Technologies

175

Skyrme-Rpa Description of Spin-Flip M1 Giant Resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spin-flip M1 giant resonance is explored in the framework of Random Phase Approximation on the basis of the Skyrme energy functional. A representative set of eight Skyrme parameterizations (SkT6, SkM*, SLy6, SG2, SkO, SkO', SkI4, and SV-bas) is used. Light and heavy, spherical and deformed nuclei ($^{48}$Ca, $^{158}$Gd, $^{208}$Pb, and $^{238}$U) are considered. The calculations show that spin densities play a crucial role in forming the collective shift in the spectrum. The interplay of the collective shift and spin-orbit splitting determines the quality of the description. None of the considered Skyrme parameterizations is able to describe simultaneously the M1 strength distribution in closed-shell and open-shell nuclei. It is found that the problem lies in the relative positions of proton and neutron spin-orbit splitting. Necessity to involve the tensor and isovector spin-orbit interaction is called for.

P. Vesely; J. Kvasil; V. O. Nesterenko; W. Kleinig; P. -G. Reinhard; V. Yu. Ponomarev

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

176

Skyrme random-phase-approximation description of spin-flip M1 giant resonance  

SciTech Connect

The spin-flip M1 giant resonance is explored in the framework of the random-phase-approximation (RPA) on the basis of the Skyrme energy functional. A representative set of eight Skyrme parametrizations (SkT6, SkM*, SLy6, SG2, SkO, SkO', SkI4, and SV-bas) is used. Light and heavy, spherical and deformed nuclei ({sup 48}Ca, {sup 158}Gd, {sup 208}Pb, and {sup 238}U) are considered. The calculations show that spin densities play a crucial role in forming the collective shift in the spectrum. The interplay of the collective shift and spin-orbit splitting determines the quality of the description. None of the considered Skyrme parametrizations is able to describe simultaneously the M1 strength distribution in closed-shell and open-shell nuclei. It is found that the problem lies in the relative positions of proton and neutron spin-orbit splitting. This calls for a better modeling of the tensor and isovector spin-orbit interaction.

Vesely, P.; Kvasil, J. [Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Charles University, CZ-18000, Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Nesterenko, V. O. [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region, RU-141980 (Russian Federation); Kleinig, W. [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region, RU-141980 (Russian Federation); Technische Universitaet Dresden, Inst. fuer Analysis, D-0106 Dresden (Germany); Reinhard, P.-G. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik II, Universitaet Erlangen, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Ponomarev, V. Yu. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Customer Equilibrium and Optimal Strategies in an M/M/1 Queue with Dynamic Service Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of customer equilibrium strategies in an M/M/1 queue under dynamic service control. The service rate switches between a low and a high value depending on system congestion. Arriving customers do not observe the system state at the moment of arrival. We show that due to service rate variation, the customer equilibrium strategy is not generally unique, and derive an upper bound on the number of possible equilibria. For the problem of social welfare optimization, we numerically analyze the relationship between the optimal arrival rate, which maximizes the overall welfare of the customers, and the equilibrium ones as a function of various parameter values. We finally derive analytic solutions for the special case where the service rate switch occurs when the queue ceases to be empty.

Dimitrakopoulos, Y

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Effect of Periodic Silane Burst on the Properties of GaN on Si (111) Substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The periodic silane burst technique was employed during metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of epitaxial GaN on AlN buffer layers grown on Si (111). Periodic silicon delta doping during growth of both the AlN and GaN ...

Zang, Keyan

179

The development and evaluation of a sensitive minicolumn assay for the detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aflatoxins comprise a subgroup of mycotoxins usually produced by Aspergillus parasiticus or Aspergillus flavus. Dairy cattle which ingest aflatoxin-contaminated feed will excrete aflatoxin M1 into the milk. The presence of this metabolite in milk is a concern for humans. At the present time, the best method to prevent ingestion of contaminated milk is by detection and diversion from our food supply. A field-practical method for the chemiselective immobilization and detection of aflatoxin M1 (CSID-M1) in milk has been developed in our laboratory. In this new method, aflatoxin M1 (AfM1) is selectively adsorbed in a small glass minicolumn at the interface of a layer of packed neutral sand and a narrow band of magnesium silicate (or Florisil). AfM1, at a level of 0.5 ppb or greater in contaminated milk, can be easily detected as a band of bright blue fluorescence with this assay. Briefly, whole milk- is diluted with water and passed through a C18 Sep-Pak cartridge. AfM1 is then partitioned by polarity and eluted from the cartridge with 2.5% acetone in methylene chloride. The eluate (containing AfM1) is added to the minicolumn detector. The tube is then washed with 2% methanol in methylene chloride and viewed under longwave UV light for AfM1. The limit o detection for CSID-M1 assay was determined to be 0.2 ppb compared with 0.3 ppb AfM1 using an immunoaffinity column extraction. The CSID-M1 assay was found to accurate, exhibiting no false positives or false negatives under the experimental condition imposed in this study. Also, the CSID-M1 detectors were shown to be chemically stable requiring no refrigeration for storage up to 20 weeks. In summary, the CSID-M1 assay was shown to be rapid, practical, easy to perform, and stable, thus facilitating its use in the prescreening of milk.

Cathey, Carol Grmela

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Low energy electron beam induced vacancy activation in GaN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental evidence on low energy electron beam induced point defect activation in GaN grown by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) is presented. The GaN samples are irradiated with a 5-20 keV electron beam of a scanning electron microscope and investigated by photoluminescence and positron annihilation spectroscopy measurements. The degradation of the band-to-band luminescence of the irradiated GaN films is associated with the activation of point defects. The activated defects were identified as in-grown Ga-vacancies. We propose that MOVPE-GaN contains a significant concentration of passive V{sub Ga}-H{sub n} complexes that can be activated by H removal during low energy electron irradiation.

Nykaenen, H.; Suihkonen, S.; Sopanen, M. [Department of Micro- and Nanosciences, Aalto University, P.O. Box 13500, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Kilanski, L. [Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/56, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Tuomisto, F. [Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland)

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Realization of compressively strained GaN films grown on Si(110) substrates by inserting a thin AlN/GaN superlattice interlayer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the strain properties of GaN films grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy on Si(110) substrates. It is found that the strain of the GaN film can be converted from a tensile to a compressive state simply by inserting a thin AlN/GaN superlattice structure (SLs) within the GaN film. The GaN layers seperated by the SLs can have different strain states, which indicates that the SLs plays a key role in the strain modulation during the growth and the cooling down processes. Using this simple technique, we grow a crack-free GaN film exceeding 2-{mu}m-thick. The realization of the compressively strained GaN film makes it possible to grow thick GaN films without crack generation on Si substrates for optic and electronic device applications.

Shen, X. Q.; Takahashi, T.; Kawashima, H.; Ide, T.; Shimizu, M. [Advanced Power Electronics Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Umezono 1-1-1, Central 2, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

182

Charge Separation of Wurtzite/Zinc-blende Heterojunction GaN Nanowires  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electronic properties of wurtzite/zinc-blende (WZ/ZB) heterostructure GaN are investigated using first-principles methods. A small component of ZB stacking formed along the growth direction in the WZ GaN nanowires does not show a significant effect on the electronic property, whereas a charge separation of electrons and holes occurs along the directions perpendicular to the growth direction in the ZB stacking. The later case provides an efficient way to separate the charge through controlling crystal structure. These results should have significant implications for most state of the art excitonic solar cells and the tuning region in tunable laser diodes.

Wang, Zhiguo; Li, Jingbo; Gao, Fei; Weber, William J.

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

Lattice location of deuterium in plasma and gas charged Mg doped GaN  

SciTech Connect

The authors have used ion channeling to examine the lattice configuration of deuterium in Mg doped GaN grown by MOCVD. The deuterium is introduced both by exposure to deuterium gas and to ECR plasmas. A density functional approach including lattice relaxation, was used to calculate total energies for various locations and charge states of hydrogen in the wurtzite Mg doped GaN lattice. Computer simulations of channeling yields were used to compare results of channeling measurements with calculated yields for various predicted deuterium lattice configurations.

Wampler, W.R.; Barbour, J.C.; Seager, C.H.; Myers, S.M. Jr.; Wright, A.F.; Han, J.

1999-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

184

Enhancing children's activity in browsing/reading together by the installation of the BrowsReader in the children's room of a library  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reading together draws much attention as a societal concern for children not only to yield emotional reaction but also to gradually advance intellectual thinking. We here aim to build a new environment, in which children's browsing and reading of picture ... Keywords: BrowsReader, Browsing/reading together, Children's room, Digital library, Picture books, Public library

Jia Liu; Tetsuro Ito; Nana Toyokuni; Keizo Sato; Makoto Nakashima

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Critical Voltage for Electrical Reliability of GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors on Si Substrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have evaluated the electrical reliability of GaN HEMTs on Si by carrying out V[subscript DS] = 0 V step-stress experiments. We have found that these devices show a degradation pattern that is very similar to that of ...

Demirtas, Sefa

186

Electron Beam-induced Light Emission and Transport in GaN Nanowires  

SciTech Connect

We report observations of electron beam-induced light from GaN nanowires grown by chemical vapor deposition. GaN nanowires were modified in-situ with deposited opaque platinum coatings to estimate the extent to which light is channeled to the ends of nanowires. Some evidence of light channeling was found, but wire microstructure and defects play an important role in light scattering and transport, limiting the extent to which light is confined. Optical interconnects are powerful components presently applied for high bandwidth communications among high-performance processors. Future circuits based on nanometer-scale components could similarly benefit from optical information transfer among processing blocks. Strong light channeling (and even lasing) has been observed in GaN nanowires, suggesting that these structures could be useful building blocks in a future networked electro-optical processor. However, the extent to which defects and microstructure control optical performance in nanowire waveguides has not been measured. In this study, we use electron microscopy and in-situ modification of individual nanowires to begin to correlate wire structure with light transport efficiency through GaN nanowires tens of microns long.

Tringe, J W; MoberlyChan, W J; Stevens, C G; Davydov, A V; Motayed, A

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

187

GaN CVD Reactions: Hydrogen and Ammonia Decomposition and the Desorption of Gallium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Isotopic labeling experiments have revealed correlations between hydrogen reactions, Ga desorption, and ammonia decomposition in GaN CVD. Low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and temperature programmed desorption (TPD) were used to demonstrate that hydrogen atoms are available on the surface for reaction after exposing GaN(0001) to deuterium at elevated temperatures. Hydrogen reactions also lowered the temperature for Ga desorption significantly. Ammonia did not decompose on the surface before hydrogen exposure. However, after hydrogen reactions altered the surface, N15H3 did undergo both reversible and irreversible decomposition. This also resulted in the desorption of N2 of mixed isotopes below the onset of GaN sublimation, This suggests that the driving force of the high nitrogen-nitrogen bond strength (226 kcal/mol) can lead to the removal of nitrogen from the substrate when the surface is nitrogen rich. Overall, these findings indicate that hydrogen can influence G-aN CVD significantly, being a common factor in the reactivity of the surface, the desorption of Ga, and the decomposition of ammonia.

Bartram, Michael E.; Creighton, J. Randall

1999-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

188

Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution Aurélien David of photonic crystal PhC -assisted gallium nitride light-emitting diodes LEDs to the existence of unextracted a promising but challenging solution towards efficient solid-state lighting. Conventional GaN-based light-emitting

Recanati, Catherine

189

GaN light-emitting diodes with Archimedean lattice photonic crystals Aurlien David,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaN light-emitting diodes with Archimedean lattice photonic crystals Aurélien David,a Tetsuo Fujii 2005; published online 16 February 2006 We study GaN-based light emitting diodes incorporating light- emitting diodes LEDs , as they could extract the emitted light otherwise trapped inside

Recanati, Catherine

190

Tunnel-injection GaN quantum dot ultraviolet light-emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a GaN quantum dot ultraviolet light-emitting diode that uses tunnel injection of carriers through AlN barriers into the active region. The quantum dot heterostructure is grown by molecular beam epitaxy on AlN templates. The large lattice mismatch between GaN and AlN favors the formation of GaN quantum dots in the Stranski-Krastanov growth mode. Carrier injection by tunneling can mitigate losses incurred in hot-carrier injection in light emitting heterostructures. To achieve tunnel injection, relatively low composition AlGaN is used for n- and p-type layers to simultaneously take advantage of effective band alignment and efficient doping. The small height of the quantum dots results in short-wavelength emission and are simultaneously an effective tool to fight the reduction of oscillator strength from quantum-confined Stark effect due to polarization fields. The strong quantum confinement results in room-temperature electroluminescence peaks at 261 and 340 nm, well above the 365 nm bandgap of bulk GaN. The demonstration opens the doorway to exploit many varied features of quantum dot physics to realize high-efficiency short-wavelength light sources.

Verma, Jai; Kandaswamy, Prem Kumar; Protasenko, Vladimir; Verma, Amit; Grace Xing, Huili; Jena, Debdeep [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

LATE NEWS: KK3, Non-Catalytic Synthesis of GaN Nanostructures ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have observed the synthesis of gallium nitride (GaN) nanopowders on boron ... as 400°C. The synthesis process is based on the reaction between gallium atoms from the decomposition of gallium acetylacetonate and ammonia gas molecules. ... the crystal structure and growth mechanism of the grown nanostructures.

192

Lifetime estimation of intrinsic silicon nitride MIM capacitors in a gan MMIC process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the reliability of intrinsic SiN MIM capacitors designed for 48 V and 125 [superscript 0]C operation and manufactured in a GaN process flow. It is shown that very small area capacitors (10um x 10um) with a ...

Demirtas, Sefa

193

Ultra High p-doping Material Research for GaN Based Light Emitters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of the Project is to investigate doping mechanisms in p-type GaN and AlGaN and controllably fabricate ultra high doped p-GaN materials and epitaxial structures. Highly doped p-type GaN-based materials with low electrical resistivity and abrupt doping profiles are of great importance for efficient light emitters for solid state lighting (SSL) applications. Cost-effective hydride vapor phase epitaxial (HVPE) technology was proposed to investigate and develop p-GaN materials for SSL. High p-type doping is required to improve (i) carrier injection efficiency in light emitting p-n junctions that will result in increasing of light emitting efficiency, (ii) current spreading in light emitting structures that will improve external quantum efficiency, and (iii) parameters of Ohmic contacts to reduce operating voltage and tolerate higher forward currents needed for the high output power operation of light emitters. Highly doped p-type GaN layers and AlGaN/GaN heterostructures with low electrical resistivity will lead to novel device and contact metallization designs for high-power high efficiency GaN-based light emitters. Overall, highly doped p-GaN is a key element to develop light emitting devices for the DOE SSL program. The project was focused on material research for highly doped p-type GaN materials and device structures for applications in high performance light emitters for general illumination P-GaN and p-AlGaN layers and multi-layer structures were grown by HVPE and investigated in terms of surface morphology and structure, doping concentrations and profiles, optical, electrical, and structural properties. Tasks of the project were successfully accomplished. Highly doped GaN materials with p-type conductivity were fabricated. As-grown GaN layers had concentration N{sub a}-N{sub d} as high as 3 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. Mechanisms of doping were investigated and results of material studies were reported at several International conferences providing better understanding of p-type GaN formation for Solid State Lighting community. Grown p-type GaN layers were used as substrates for blue and green InGaN-based LEDs made by HVPE technology at TDI. These results proved proposed technical approach and facilitate fabrication of highly conductive p-GaN materials by low-cost HVPE technology for solid state lighting applications. TDI has started the commercialization of p-GaN epitaxial materials.

Vladimir Dmitriev

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

A model for the critical voltage for electrical degradation of GaN high electron mobility transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have found that there is a critical drain-to-gate voltage beyond which GaN high-electron mobility transistors start to degrade in electrical-stress experiments. The critical voltage depends on the detailed voltage biasing ...

Joh, Jungwoo

195

Photoluminescence study of the 1.047 eV emission in GaN K. Pressela)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaN/ AlGaN blue green light emitting diode, which has a much higher quantum efficiency than the SiC blue light emitting diode, became possible.2 Presently the wide bandgap semi- conductor GaN is intensively. Especially the 1.19 eV is very intense. Thus one can think of developing a light emitting diode in the near

Nabben, Reinhard

196

Ultra-low resistance ohmic contacts to GaN with high Si doping concentrations grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ti/Al/Ni/Au ohmic contacts were formed on heavily doped n{sup +} metal-polar GaN samples with various Si doping concentrations grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The contact resistivity (R{sub C}) and sheet resistance (R{sub sh}) as a function of corresponding GaN free carrier concentration (n) were measured. Very low R{sub C} values (electron mobility transistors.

Afroz Faria, Faiza; Guo Jia; Zhao Pei; Li Guowang; Kumar Kandaswamy, Prem; Wistey, Mark; Xing Huili; Jena, Debdeep [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

197

Materials physics and device development for improved efficiency of GaN HEMT high power amplifiers.  

SciTech Connect

GaN-based microwave power amplifiers have been identified as critical components in Sandia's next generation micro-Synthetic-Aperture-Radar (SAR) operating at X-band and Ku-band (10-18 GHz). To miniaturize SAR, GaN-based amplifiers are necessary to replace bulky traveling wave tubes. Specifically, for micro-SAR development, highly reliable GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs), which have delivered a factor of 10 times improvement in power performance compared to GaAs, need to be developed. Despite the great promise of GaN HEMTs, problems associated with nitride materials growth currently limit gain, linearity, power-added-efficiency, reproducibility, and reliability. These material quality issues are primarily due to heteroepitaxial growth of GaN on lattice mismatched substrates. Because SiC provides the best lattice match and thermal conductivity, SiC is currently the substrate of choice for GaN-based microwave amplifiers. Obviously for GaN-based HEMTs to fully realize their tremendous promise, several challenges related to GaN heteroepitaxy on SiC must be solved. For this LDRD, we conducted a concerted effort to resolve materials issues through in-depth research on GaN/AlGaN growth on SiC. Repeatable growth processes were developed which enabled basic studies of these device layers as well as full fabrication of microwave amplifiers. Detailed studies of the GaN and AlGaN growth of SiC were conducted and techniques to measure the structural and electrical properties of the layers were developed. Problems that limit device performance were investigated, including electron traps, dislocations, the quality of semi-insulating GaN, the GaN/AlGaN interface roughness, and surface pinning of the AlGaN gate. Surface charge was reduced by developing silicon nitride passivation. Constant feedback between material properties, physical understanding, and device performance enabled rapid progress which eventually led to the successful fabrication of state of the art HEMT transistors and amplifiers.

Kurtz, Steven Ross; Follstaedt, David Martin; Wright, Alan Francis; Baca, Albert G.; Briggs, Ronald D.; Provencio, Paula Polyak; Missert, Nancy A.; Allerman, Andrew Alan; Marsh, Phil F.; Koleske, Daniel David; Lee, Stephen Roger; Shul, Randy John; Seager, Carleton Hoover; Tigges, Christopher P.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Atomic-layer-deposited Al2O3 and HfO2 on GaN: A comparative study on interfaces and electrical characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Al"2O"3, HfO"2, and composite HfO"2/Al"2O"3 films were deposited on n-type GaN using atomic layer deposition (ALD). The interfacial layer of GaON and HfON was observed between HfO"2 and GaN, whereas the absence of an interfacial layer at Al"2O"3/GaN ... Keywords: Al2O3, Atomic-layer-deposition (ALD), GaN, HfO2, High k dielectric, MOS

Y. C. Chang; M. L. Huang; Y. H. Chang; Y. J. Lee; H. C. Chiu; J. Kwo; M. Hong

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Superlattice-like stacking fault array in ion-irradiated GaN  

SciTech Connect

Controlling defects in crystalline solids is of technological importance for realizing desirable materials properties. Irradiation with energetic particles is useful for designing the spatial distribution and concentration of defects in materials. Here, we performed ion irradiation into hexagonal GaN with the wurtzite structure and demonstrated the spontaneous formation of superlattice-like stacking fault arrays. It was found that the modulation period can be controlled by irradiation conditions and post-irradiation heat treatments.

Ishimaru, Dr. Manabu [Osaka University; Usov, Igor Olegovich [ORNL; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Weber, William J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Ohmic contacts to Si-implanted and un-implanted n-type GaN  

SciTech Connect

We report on ohmic contacts to Si-implanted and un-implanted n-type GaN on sapphire. A ring shaped contact design avoids the need to isolate the contact structures by additional implantation or etching. Metal layers of Al and Ti/Al were investigated. On un-implanted GaN, post metalization annealing was performed in an RTA for 30 seconds in N{sub 2} at 700, 800, and 900 C. A minimum specific contact resistance (r{sub c}) of 1.4{times}10{sup -5} {Omega}{minus}cm{sup 2} was measured for Ti/Al at an annealing temperature of 800 C. Although these values are reasonably low, variations of 95% in specific contact resistance were measured within a 500 {mu}m distance on the wafer. These results are most likely caused by the presence of compensating hydrogen. Specific contact resistance variation was reduced from 95 to 10% by annealing at 900 C prior to metalization. On Si-implanted GaN, un-annealed ohmic contacts were formed with Ti/Al metalization. The implant activation anneal of 1120 C generates nitrogen vacancies that leave the surface heavily n-type, which makes un-annealed ohmic contacts with low contact resistivity possible.

Brown, J; Ramer, J.; Zheng, L.F.; Hersee, S.D. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for High Technology Materials; Zolper, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Formation of manganese {delta}-doped atomic layer in wurtzite GaN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the formation of a {delta}-doped manganese layer embedded within c-plane wurtzite gallium nitride using a special molecular beam epitaxy growth process. Manganese is first deposited on the gallium-poor GaN (0001) surface, forming a {radical}(3) Multiplication-Sign {radical}(3)-R30 Degree-Sign reconstructed phase. This well-defined surface reconstruction is then nitrided using plasma nitridation, and gallium nitride is overgrown. The manganese content of the {radical}(3) Multiplication-Sign {radical}(3)-R30 Degree-Sign phase, namely one Mn per each {radical}(3) Multiplication-Sign {radical}(3)-R30 Degree-Sign unit cell, implies that the MnGaN alloy layer has a Mn concentration of up to 33%. The structure and chemical content of the surface are monitored beginning from the initial growth stage up through the overgrowth of 20 additional monolayers (MLs) of GaN. An exponential-like drop-off of the Mn signal with increasing GaN monolayers, as measured by Auger electron spectroscopy, indicates that the highly concentrated Mn layer remains at the {delta}-doped interface. A model of the resultant {delta}-doped structure is formulated based on the experimental data, and implications for possible spintronic applications are discussed.

Shi Meng; Chinchore, Abhijit; Wang Kangkang; Mandru, Andrada-Oana; Liu Yinghao; Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

ARM - Instrument - tsi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

203

ARM - Instrument - irt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Niger OLI M1 Browse Data Oliktok Point, Alaska PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA Contact(s) Victor Morris (509) 372-6144...

204

ARM - VAP Product - qcrad1long  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

205

ARM - Datastreams - irt200ms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Australia ARM Mobile Facility GRW M1 Browse Data Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal OLI M1 Browse Data Oliktok Point, Alaska PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1...

206

ARM - Instrument - gndrad  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

207

ARM - Instrument - skyrad  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

208

ARM - Datastreams - nfov2ch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shouxian, Anhui, China PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA...

209

ARM - Instrument - met  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

210

ARM - Datastreams - vceil25k  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

211

ARM - Instrument - mwrp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Niamey, Niger PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA...

212

ARM - Instrument - mwr3c  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAG M1 Browse Data Los Angeles, CA to Honolulu, HI - container ship Horizon Spirit OLI M1 Browse Data Oliktok Point, Alaska PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1...

213

Ab initio study on noncompensated CrO codoping of GaN for enhanced solar energy conversion  

SciTech Connect

We describe a novel photocatalyst obtained by codoping GaN with CrO, according to a new "noncompensated" codoping concept based on first-principles calculations. The approach enables controllable narrowing of the GaN band gap with significantly enhanced carrier mobility and photocatalytic activity in the visible light region and thus offers immense potential for application in solar energy conversion, water splitting, and a variety of solar-assisted photocatalysis. Our calculations indicate that the formation energy for the cation doping is greatly reduced by noncompensated codoping with an anion. Although Cr doping alone can split the band gap with the formation of an intermediate band, the mobility is low due to carrier trapping by the localized states. The first-principles calculations also demonstrate that CrO codoping of GaN shifts the Fermi level into the conduction band resulting in high carrier density and mobility.

Pan, Hui [ORNL; Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Eres, Gyula [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Development of a Bulk GaN Growth Technique for Low Defect Density, Large-Area Native Substrates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Electrochemical Solution the Electrochemical Solution Growth (ESG) Technique for Native GaN Substrates DOE Energy Storage & Power Electronics Research Program 30 September 2008 PI: Karen Waldrip Advanced Power Sources R&D, Dept 2546 PM: Stan Atcitty, John Boyes Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, 87185 Sponsor: Gil Bindewald, DOE Power Electronics & Energy Storage Program Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Outline * Motivation * Existing GaN Growth Technique - Epitaxial Lateral Overgrowth - Methods for Growing Bulk GaN * Development of the Electrochemical Solution Growth Technique

215

On Sojourn Times in the $M/M/1$-PS Model, Conditioned on the Number of Other Users  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the $M/M/1$-PS queue with processor sharing. We study the conditional sojourn time distribution of an arriving customer, conditioned on the number of other customers present. A new formula is obtained for the conditional sojourn time distribution, using a discrete Green's function. This is shown to be equivalent to some classic results of Pollaczeck and Vaulot from 1946. Then various asymptotic limits are studied, including large time and/or large number of customers present, and heavy traffic, where the arrival rate is only slightly less than the service rate.

Zhen, Qiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Effect of Hydrogen Carrier Gas on the Morphological Evolution and Material Properties of GaN on Sapphire  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In-situ optical reflectance is used to monitor the morphological evolution of the two-step GaN growth on sapphire. The amount of H{sub 2} carrier gas used in the growth is observed to strongly influence the morphological evolution of the low temperature buffer layer and the subsequent high temperature nucleation behavior, which in turn affects the structural and electrical properties of the GaN epitaxial films. The optical reflectance transients correlate with the sizes and distributions of nuclei as observed by AFM.

Ng, T.B.; Han, J.; Biefeld, R.M.; Zolper, J.C.; Crawford, M.H.; Follstaell, D.M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Metallicity of InN and GaN surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3}.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic study of energies and structures of InN and GaN (0001) surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3} and its decomposition products was performed with first-principles methods. A phenomenological model including electron counting contributions is developed based on calculated DFT energies and is used to identify low-energy structures. These predictions are checked with additional DFT calculations. The equilibrium phase diagrams are found to contain structures that violate the electron counting rule. Densities of states for these structures indicate n-type conductivity, consistent with available experimental results.

Walkosz, W.; Zapol, P.; Stephenson, G. B. (Materials Science Division)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Evaluation of GaN substrates grown in supercritical basic ammonia  

SciTech Connect

GaN crystals grown by the basic ammonothermal method were investigated for their use as substrates for device regrowth. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that the substrates contained multiple grains while secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) revealed a high concentration of hydrogen, oxygen, and sodium. Despite these drawbacks, the emission from the light emitting diode structures grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition on both the c-plane and m-plane epitaxial wafers was demonstrated. The SIMS depth profiles showed that the diffusion of the alkali metal from the substrate into the epitaxial film was small, especially in the m-direction.

Saito, Makoto; Yamada, Hisashi; Iso, Kenji; Sato, Hitoshi; Hirasawa, Hirohiko; Kamber, Derrick S.; Hashimoto, Tadao; Baars, Steven P. den; Speck, James S.; Nakamura, Shuji [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

219

Synthesis and characterization of GaN thin films deposited on different substrates using a low-cost electrochemical deposition technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gallium nitride GaN thin films were deposited on three different substrates; Si (111), Si (100) and ITO coated glass using electrochemical deposition technique at 20 Degree-Sign C. A mixture of gallium nitrate, ammonium nitrate was used as electrolyte. The deposited films were investigated at room temperature by a series of material characterization techniques, namely; scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDX and X-ray diffraction (XRD). SEM images and EDX results indicated that the growth of GaN films varies according to the substrates. XRD analyses showed the presence of hexagonal wurtzite and cubic zinc blende GaN phases with the crystallite size around 18-29 nm.

Al-Heuseen, K.; Hashim, M. R. [Al-Balqa Applied University, Ajloun University College (Jordan); School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800-Penang (Malaysia)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

220

W and WSi(x) Ohmic Contacts on p- And n-Type GaN  

SciTech Connect

W and WSi ohmic contacts on both p- and n-type GaN have been annealed at temperatures from 300-1000 *C. There is minimal reaction (< 100 ~ broadening of the metal/GaN interface) even at 1000 *C. Specific contact resistances in the 10-5 f2-cm2 range are obtained for WSiX on Si-implanted GaN with a peak doping concentration of- 5 x 1020 cm-3, after annealing at 950 `C. On p-GaN, leaky Schottky diode behavior is observed for W, WSiX and Ni/Au contacts at room temperature, but true ohmic characteristics are obtained at 250 - 300 *C, where the specific contact resistances are typically in the 10-2 K2-cm2 range. The best contacts for W and WSiX are obtained after 700 *C annealing for periods of 30- 120 sees. The formation of &WzN interracial phases appear to be important in determining the contact quality.

Abernathy, C.R.; Cao, X.A.; Eizenberg, M.; Han, J.; Lothian, J.R.; Pearton, S.J.; Ren, F.; Shul, R.J.; Zeitouny, A.; Zolper, J.C.

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Fabrication and characterization of GaN junction field effect transistors  

SciTech Connect

Junction field effect transistors (JFET) were fabricated on a GaN epitaxial structure grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The DC and microwave characteristics, as well as the high temperature performance of the devices were studied. These devices exhibited excellent pinch-off and a breakdown voltage that agreed with theoretical predictions. An extrinsic transconductance (g{sub m}) of 48 mS/mm was obtained with a maximum drain current (I{sub D}) of 270 mA/mm. The microwave measurement showed an f{sub T} of 6 GHz and an f{sub max} of 12 GHz. Both the I{sub D} and the g{sub m} were found to decrease with increasing temperature, possibly due to lower electron mobility at elevated temperatures. These JFETs exhibited a significant current reduction after a high drain bias was applied, which was attributed to a partially depleted channel caused by trapped electrons in the semi-insulating GaN buffer layer.

Zhang, L.; Lester, L.F.; Baca, A.G.; Shul, R.J.; Chang, P.C.; Willison, C.L.; Mishra, U.K.; Denbaars, S.P.; Zolper, J.C.

2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

222

Atomistic simulation of damage production by atomic and molecular ion irradiation in GaN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied defect production during single atomic and molecular ion irradiation having an energy of 50 eV/amu in GaN by molecular dynamics simulations. Enhanced defect recombination is found in GaN, in accordance with experimental data. Instantaneous damage shows non-linearity with different molecular projectile and increasing molecular mass. Number of instantaneous defects produced by the PF{sub 4} molecule close to target surface is four times higher than that for PF{sub 2} molecule and three times higher than that calculated as a sum of the damage produced by one P and four F ion irradiation (P+4 Multiplication-Sign F). We explain this non-linearity by energy spike due to molecular effects. On the contrary, final damage created by PF{sub 4} and PF{sub 2} shows a linear pattern when the sample cools down. Total numbers of defects produced by Ag and PF{sub 4} having similar atomic masses are comparable. However, defect-depth distributions produced by these species are quite different, also indicating molecular effect.

Ullah, M. W.; Kuronen, A.; Nordlund, K.; Djurabekova, F. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Karaseov, P. A.; Titov, A. I. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, 195251 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Growth of p-type and n-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cm ?3 corresponding to p-type ?lm conductivi- ties as highOF APPLIED PHYSICS 100, 063707 ?2006? Growth of p-type andn-type m-plane GaN by molecular beam epitaxy M. McLaurin, a?

McLaurin, M; Mates, T E; Wu, F; Speck, J S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Impact of defects on the electrical transport, optical properties and failure mechanisms of GaN nanowires.  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a three year LDRD project that focused on understanding the impact of defects on the electrical, optical and thermal properties of GaN-based nanowires (NWs). We describe the development and application of a host of experimental techniques to quantify and understand the physics of defects and thermal transport in GaN NWs. We also present the development of analytical models and computational studies of thermal conductivity in GaN NWs. Finally, we present an atomistic model for GaN NW electrical breakdown supported with experimental evidence. GaN-based nanowires are attractive for applications requiring compact, high-current density devices such as ultraviolet laser arrays. Understanding GaN nanowire failure at high-current density is crucial to developing nanowire (NW) devices. Nanowire device failure is likely more complex than thin film due to the prominence of surface effects and enhanced interaction among point defects. Understanding the impact of surfaces and point defects on nanowire thermal and electrical transport is the first step toward rational control and mitigation of device failure mechanisms. However, investigating defects in GaN NWs is extremely challenging because conventional defect spectroscopy techniques are unsuitable for wide-bandgap nanostructures. To understand NW breakdown, the influence of pre-existing and emergent defects during high current stress on NW properties will be investigated. Acute sensitivity of NW thermal conductivity to point-defect density is expected due to the lack of threading dislocation (TD) gettering sites, and enhanced phonon-surface scattering further inhibits thermal transport. Excess defect creation during Joule heating could further degrade thermal conductivity, producing a viscous cycle culminating in catastrophic breakdown. To investigate these issues, a unique combination of electron microscopy, scanning luminescence and photoconductivity implemented at the nanoscale will be used in concert with sophisticated molecular-dynamics calculations of surface and defect-mediated NW thermal transport. This proposal seeks to elucidate long standing material science questions for GaN while addressing issues critical to realizing reliable GaN NW devices.

Armstrong, Andrew M.; Aubry, Sylvie; Shaner, Eric Arthur; Siegal, Michael P.; Li, Qiming; Jones, Reese E.; Westover, Tyler; Wang, George T.; Zhou, Xiao Wang; Talin, Albert Alec; Bogart, Katherine Huderle Andersen; Harris, C. Thomas; Huang, Jian Yu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

An evaluation of the Robinson M-1 commercial scale demonstration of enhanced oil recovery by micellar-polymer flood  

SciTech Connect

A commercial scale micellar-polymer project was conducted in the Robinson Sand of the M-1 project in southwestern Illinois. The project utilized a crude oil sulfonate surfactant system to flood the reservoir which, at the time of the project, was in an advanced stage of waterflood depletion. Injected fluids consisted of a 0.10 pore volume crude oil sulfonate slug, a 1.05 pore volume graded mobility slug using Dow Pusher 700, and a drive water slug to depletion. Micellar injection started in 1977. By December, 1986, overall operations in the 2.5-acre pattern area were uneconomical while polymer injection was continuing in the 5.0-acre pattern area. Depletion of the 5.0-acre pattern area is forecast for 1991 or sooner. Ultimate oil recovery is estimated at 1,397,000 barrels with cumulative oil recovery at December, 1986, of 1,299,000 barrels. Although the crude oil sulfonate system successfully mobilized and produced waterflood residual oil, the project was not economic because of both lower than anticipated recovery and higher than expected operating costs. The lower than anticipated recovery is attributed to poor volumetric sweep efficiency and salinity/hardness effects. 7 refs., 54 figs., 25 tabs.

Cole, E.L.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Ammothermal Growth of Gan Substrates For Leds: High-Pressure Ammonothermal Process for Bulk Gallium Nitride Crystal Growth for Energy Efficient Commercially Competitive Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: The new GaN crystal growth method is adapted from that used to grow quartz crystals, which are very inexpensive and represent the second-largest market for single crystals for electronic applications (after silicon). More extreme conditions are required to grow GaN crystals and therefore a new type of chemical growth chamber was invented that is suitable for large-scale manufacturing. A new process was developed that grows GaN crystals at a rate that is more than double that of current processes. The new technology will enable GaN substrates with best-in-world quality at lowest-in-world prices, which in turn will enable new generations of white LEDs, lasers for full-color displays, and high-performance power electronics.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Evolution of AlN buffer layers on Silicon and the effect on the property of the expitaxial GaN film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The morphology evolution of high-temperature grown AlN nucleation layers on (111) silicon has been studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The structure and morphology of subsequently grown GaN film were characterized ...

Zang, Keyan

228

Accelerated Publication: Drain current enhancement and negligible current collapse in GaN MOSFETs with atomic-layer-deposited HfO2 as a gate dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accumulation-type GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistors (MOSFET's) with atomic-layer-deposited HfO"2 gate dielectrics have been fabricated; a 4@mm gate-length device with a gate dielectric of 14.8nm in thickness (an equivalent SiO"2 ... Keywords: Atomic layer deposition (ALD), Current collapse, GaN, HfO2, Metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistor (MOSFET)

Y. C. Chang; W. H. Chang; Y. H. Chang; J. Kwo; Y. S. Lin; S. H. Hsu; J. M. Hong; C. C. Tsai; M. Hong

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Structural and optical studies of GaN pn-junction with AlN buffer layer grown on Si (111) by RF plasma enhanced MBE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GaN pn-junction grown on silicon substrates have been the focus in a number of recent reports and further effort is still necessary to improve its crystalline quality for practical applications. GaN has the high n-type background carrier concentration resulting from native defects commonly thought to be nitrogen vacancies. In this work, we present the growth of pn-junction of GaN on Si (111) substrate using RF plasma-enhanced molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Both of the layers show uniformity with an average thickness of 0.709 {mu}m and 0.095 {mu}m for GaN and AlN layers, respectively. The XRD spectra indicate that no sign of cubic phase of GaN are found, so it is confirmed that the sample possessed hexagonal structure. It was found that all the allowed Raman optical phonon modes of GaN, i.e. the E2 (low), E1 (high) and A1 (LO) are clearly visible.

Yusoff, Mohd Zaki Mohd; Hassan, Zainuriah; Woei, Chin Che; Hassan, Haslan Abu; Abdullah, Mat Johar [Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia and Department of Applied Sciences Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 13500 Permatang Pauh, Penang (Malaysia); Department of Applied Sciences Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 13500 Permatang Pauh, Penang (Malaysia)

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

230

ARM - Instrument - mpl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS S1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

231

ARM - Datastreams - aosccn100  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 SBS S2 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO, Christie Peak...

232

ARM - Datastreams - mplpolfs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 SBS S1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO, Thunderhead Lodge...

233

Monolithic single GaN nanowire laser with photonic crystal microcavity on silicon  

SciTech Connect

Optically pumped lasing at room temperature in a silicon based monolithic single GaN nanowire with a two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavity is demonstrated. Catalyst-free nanowires with low density ({approx}10{sup 8} cm{sup -2}) are grown on Si by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. High resolution transmission electron microscopy images reveal that the nanowires are of wurtzite structure and they have no observable defects. A single nanowire laser fabricated on Si is characterized by a lasing transition at {lambda}=371.3 nm with a linewidth of 0.55 nm. The threshold is observed at a pump power density of {approx}120 kW/cm{sup 2} and the spontaneous emission factor {beta} is estimated to be 0.08.

Heo, Junseok; Guo Wei; Bhattacharya, Pallab [Center for Nanoscale Photonics and Spintronics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

234

Magnetically active vacancy related defects in irradiated GaN layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the studies of magnetic properties of 2 MeV {sup 4}He{sup +}-irraadiated GaN grown by metal-organic chemical-vapor deposition. Particle irradiation allowed controllable introduction of Ga-vacancy in the samples. The magnetic moments with concentrations changing between 4.3 and 8.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17}cm{sup -3} showing superparamagnetic blocking at room temperature are observed. The appearance of clear hysteresis curve at T=5K with coercive field of about H{sub C} Almost-Equal-To 270 Oe suggests that the formation of more complex Ga vacancy related defects is promoted with increasing Ga vacancy content. The small concentration of the observed magnetically active defects with respect to the total Ga-vacancy concentration suggests that the presence of the oxygen/hydrogen-related vacancy complexes is the source of the observed magnetic moments.

Kilanski, L.; Tuomisto, F. [Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto Espoo (Finland); Szymczak, R. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Kruszka, R. [Institute of Electron Technology, Al. Lotnikow 46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

235

Influence of the adatom diffusion on selective growth of GaN nanowire regular arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on patterned Si/AlN/Si(111) substrates was used to obtain regular arrays of uniform-size GaN nanowires (NWs). The silicon top layer has been patterned with e-beam lithography, resulting in uniform arrays of holes with different diameters (d{sub h}) and periods (P). While the NW length is almost insensitive to the array parameters, the diameter increases significantly with d{sub h} and P till it saturates at P values higher than 800 nm. A diffusion induced model was used to explain the experimental results with an effective diffusion length of the adatoms on the Si, estimated to be about 400 nm.

Gotschke, T.; Schumann, T.; Limbach, F.; Calarco, R. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Juelich GmbH and JARA-Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (FIT), 52425 Juelich (Germany); Paul-Drude-Institut fuer Festkoerperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany); Stoica, T. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Juelich GmbH and JARA-Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (FIT), 52425 Juelich (Germany)

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

236

Structural Properties of Eu-Doped GaN Investigated by Raman Spectroscopy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rare-earth (RE) impurities doped GaN are highly promising candidates for light emitting device applications due to their efficient electroluminescence properties at room temperature. Among those, Eu doped GaN has been identified as an excellent material for the red spectral region due to its strong emission at 620 nm. As a transition internal to the Eu doping atom (4f-4f), light emission originates in a much smaller complex than the more flexibly controllable quantum structures of wells, wires, and dots. This is thought to make the center less susceptible to structural defects and in particular radiation damage in the lattice host. Nevertheless, the lattice host is crucial for providing the excitation in from of free electrons and holes. In this respect, the actual lattice site Eu occupies in the host lattice, i.e. in GaN, is important. A large fraction of Eu atoms are typically inactive which must be attributed to their lattice site and local environment. GaN films implanted with Eu to concentrations of {approx}10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} were subjected to a highly directed beam of 500 keV He{sup +} at a dose of 5 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}. By means of a shadow mask, irradiated and unexposed regions lie very close to each other on the same sample. We used optical and structural analysis to identify the exerted radiation damage. At the full radiation dose, photoluminescence intensity has decayed to {approx}0.01 of its initial value. From the dose dependence of the radiation decay we previously concluded, that this decay is in part due to the destruction of radiative Eu sites [J.W. Tringe, unpublished (2006)]. Along the transition from virgin to irradiated material we analyze the accumulated damage in terms of surface morphology (atomic force microscopy), crystallinity (x-ray diffraction), and phonon dispersion using micro-Raman spectroscopy. In addition to the well-studied E{sub 2}(high) mode, two new vibrational modes at 659 cm{sup -1} and 201 cm{sup -1} were observed in the Eu implanted and annealed sample, prior to He{sup +} irradiation. These modes are either remnants of the implantation damage or related to the Eu impurity. As such they can be indicative of the actual lattice site the Eu atom resides on. After irradiation, broad Raman modes at 300 cm-1 are being observed. This band indicates disorder activated Raman scattering (DARS) due to the radiation damage. An additional narrow mode appears at 672 cm{sup -1}, which can possibly be due to a nitrogen vacancy related vibrational mode. The continuous transition from irradiated to un-irradiated sample allows the direct evolution of radiation damage and its coordinated effects in structural, optical and vibrational properties. By its systematic correlation we anticipate to be able to elucidate the Eu lattice interaction and the processes of radiation damage.

Senawiratne, J; Xia, Y; Detchprohm, T; Tringe, J W; Stevens, C G; Wetzel, C

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

237

Method of growing GaN films with a low density of structural defects using an interlayer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dramatic reduction of the dislocation density in GaN was obtained by insertion of a single thin interlayer grown at an intermediate temperature (IT-IL) after the growth of an initial grown at high temperature. A description of the growth process is presented with characterization results aimed at understanding the mechanisms of reduction in dislocation density. A large percentage of the threading dislocations present in the first GaN epilayer are found to bend near the interlayer and do not propagate into the top layer which grows at higher temperature in a lateral growth mode. TEM studies show that the mechanisms of dislocation reduction are similar to those described for the epitaxial lateral overgrowth process, however a notable difference is the absence of coalescence boundaries.

Bourret-Courchesne, Edith D. (Richmond, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Efficient Switches for Solar Power Conversion: Four Quadrant GaN Switch Enabled Three Phase Grid-Tied Microinverters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: Transphorm is developing power switches for new types of inverters that improve the efficiency and reliability of converting energy from solar panels into useable electricity for the grid. Transistors act as fast switches and control the electrical energy that flows in an electrical circuit. Turning a transistor off opens the circuit and stops the flow of electrical current; turning it on closes the circuit and allows electrical current to flow. In this way a transistor can be used to convert DC from a solar panel into AC for use in a home. Transphorm’s transistors will enable a single semiconductor device to switch electrical currents at high-voltage in both directions—making the inverter more compact and reliable. Transphorm is using Gallium Nitride (GaN) as a semiconductor material in its transistors instead of silicon, which is used in most conventional transistors, because GaN transistors have lower losses at higher voltages and switching frequencies.

None

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

239

Photonic crystal laser lift-off GaN light-emitting diodes Aurlien David,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic crystal laser lift-off GaN light-emitting diodes Aurélien David,a Tetsuo Fujii,b Brendan March 2006 We report on the fabrication and study of laser lift-off GaN-based light-emitting diodes-state lighting. However, as is the case for any light-emitting diode LED , light tends to be trapped in the high

Recanati, Catherine

240

Transistors for Electric Motor Drives: High-Performance GaN HEMT Modules for Agile Power Electronics  

SciTech Connect

ADEPT Project: Transphorm is developing transistors with gallium nitride (GaN) semiconductors that could be used to make cost-effective, high-performance power converters for a variety of applications, including electric motor drives which transmit power to a motor. A transistor acts like a switch, controlling the electrical energy that flows around an electrical circuit. Most transistors today use low-cost silicon semiconductors to conduct electrical energy, but silicon transistors don’t operate efficiently at high speeds and voltage levels. Transphorm is using GaN as a semiconductor material in its transistors because GaN performs better at higher voltages and frequencies, and it is more energy efficient than straight silicon. However, Transphorm is using inexpensive silicon as a base to help keep costs low. The company is also packaging its transistors with other electrical components that can operate quickly and efficiently at high power levels—increasing the overall efficiency of both the transistor and the entire motor drive.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Characterization of Stress Relaxation, Dislocations and Crystallographic Tilt Via X-ray Microdiffraction in GaN (0001) Layers Grown by Maskless Pendeo-Epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intrinsic stresses due to lattice mismatch and high densities of threading dislocations and extrinsic stresses resulting from the mismatch in the coefficients of thermal expansion are present in almost all III-Nitride heterostructures. Stress relaxation in the GaN layers occurs in conventional and in pendeo-epitaxial films via the formation of additional misfit dislocations, domain boundaries, elastic strain and wing tilt. Polychromatic X-ray microdiffraction, high resolution monochromatic X-ray diffraction and finite element simulations have been used to determine the distribution of strain, dislocations, sub-boundaries and crystallographic wing tilt in uncoalesced and coalesced GaN layers grown by maskless pendeo-epitaxy. An important parameter was the width-to-height ratio of the etched columns of GaN from which the lateral growth of the wings occurred. The strain and tilt across the stripes increased with the width-to-height ratio. Tilt boundaries formed in the uncoalesced GaN layers at the column/wing interfaces for samples with a large ratio. Sharper tilt boundaries were observed at the interfaces formed by the coalescence of two laterally growing wings. The wings tilted upward during cooling to room temperature for both the uncoalesced and the coalesced GaN layers. It was determined that finite element simulations that account for extrinsic stress relaxation can explain the experimental results for uncoalesced GaN layers. Relaxation of both extrinsic and intrinsic stress components in the coalesced GaN layers contribute to the observed wing tilt and the formation of sub-boundaries.

Barabash, R.I.; Ice, G.E.; Liu, W.; Einfeldt, S.; Hommel, D.; Roskowski, A.M.; Davis, R.F. (ORNL)

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

242

Characterization of GaN nanowires grown on PSi, PZnO and PGaN on Si (111) substrates by thermal evaporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this research, we used an easy and inexpensive method to synthesize highly crystalline GaN nanowires (NWs); on different substrates such as porous silicon (PSi), porous zinc oxide (PZnO) and porous gallium nitride (PGaN) on Si (111) wafer by thermal evaporation using commercial GaN powder without any catalyst. Micro structural studies by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscope measurements reveal the role of different substrates in the morphology, nucleation and alignment of the GaN nanowires. The degree of alignment of the synthesized nanowires does not depend on the lattice mismatch between wires and their substrates. Further structural and optical characterizations were performed using high resolution X-ray diffraction and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Results indicate that the nanowires are of single-crystal hexagonal GaN. The quality and density of grown GaN nanowires for different substrates are highly dependent on the lattice mismatch between the nanowires and their substrates and also on the size of the porosity of the substrates. Nanowires grown on PGaN have the best quality and highest density as compared to nanowires on other substrates. By using three kinds of porous substrates, we are able to study the increase in the alignment and density of the nanowires.

Shekari, Leila; Hassan, Haslan Abu; Thahab, Sabah M.; Hassan, Zainuriah [Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang (Malaysia); Materials Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Kufa, Najaf (Iraq); Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang (Malaysia)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

243

Polarity inversion of N-face GaN using an aluminum oxide interlayer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polarity of GaN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy was inverted from N-face to Ga-face by inserting a composite AlN/aluminum oxide (AlO{sub x}) interlayer structure at the inversion interface. The change in polarity was verified in situ by reflection high energy electron diffraction via intensity transients and postgrowth surface reconstructions, and ex situ by convergent beam electron diffraction and etch studies in an aqueous potassium hydroxide solution. The inverted materials showed smooth surfaces and good electrical properties. AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors fabricated on the inverted epilayers showed good dc and high frequency performance. A current-gain cutoff frequency (f{sub T}) of 21 GHz and maximum oscillation frequency (f{sub max}) of 61 GHz were measured in devices with a gate length of 0.7 {mu}m. These data compare favorably to those of Ga-face AlGaN/GaN devices with a similar structure grown on Si-face SiC substrates.

Wong, Man Hoi; Mishra, Umesh K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9560 (United States); Wu, Feng; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Deep traps in nonpolar m-plane GaN grown by ammonia-based molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep level defects in nonpolar m-plane GaN grown by ammonia-based molecular beam epitaxy were characterized using deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) and deep level optical spectroscopy (DLOS) and compared with polar c-plane GaN that was grown simultaneously in the same growth run. Significant differences in both the levels present and their concentrations were observed upon comparison of both growth orientations. DLTS revealed electron traps with activation energies of 0.14 eV, 0.20 eV, and 0.66 eV in the m-plane material, with concentrations that were {approx}10-50 x higher than traps of similar activation energies in the c-plane material. Likewise, DLOS measurements showed {approx}20 x higher concentrations of both a C{sub N} acceptor-like state at E{sub C} - 3.26 eV, which correlates with a high background carbon concentration observed by secondary ion mass spectroscopy for the m-plane material [A. Armstrong, A. R. Arehart, B. Moran, S. P. DenBaars, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. A. Ringel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 374 (2004)], and the V{sub Ga}-related state level at E{sub C} - 2.49 eV, which is consistent with an enhanced yellow luminescence observed by photoluminescence. The findings suggest a strong impact of growth dynamics on the incorporation of impurities and electrically active native point defects as a function of GaN growth plane polarity.

Zhang, Z.; Arehart, A. R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Hurni, C. A.; Speck, J. S. [Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States); Yang, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Myers, R. C.; Ringel, S. A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

245

Plasma chemistries for dry etching GaN, AlN, InGaN and InAlN  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Etch rates up to 7,000 {angstrom}/min. for GaN are obtained in Cl{sub 2}/H{sub 2}/Ar or BCl{sub 3}/Ar ECR discharges at 1--3mTorr and moderate dc biases. Typical rates with HI/H{sub 2} are about a factor of three lower under the same conditions, while CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2} produces maximum rates of only {approximately}2,000 {angstrom}/min. The role of additives such as SF{sub 6}, N{sub 2}, H{sub 2} or Ar to the basic chlorine, bromine, iodine or methane-hydrogen plasma chemistries are discussed. Their effect can be either chemical (in forming volatile products with N) or physical (in breaking bonds or enhancing desorption of the etch products). The nitrides differ from conventional III-V`s in that bond-breaking to allow formation of the etch products is a critical factor. Threshold ion energies for the onset of etching of GaN, InGaN and InAlN are {ge} 75 eV.

Pearton, S.J.; Vartuli, C.B.; Lee, J.W.; Donovan, S.M.; MacKenzie, J.D.; Abernathy, C.R. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Shul, R.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); McLane, G.F. [Army Research Lab., Fort Monmouth, NJ (United States); Ren, F. [AT and T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Effect of AlN buffer layer properties on the morphology and polarity of GaN nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

Low-temperature AlN buffer layers grown via plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy on Si (111) were found to significantly affect the subsequent growth morphology of GaN nanowires. The AlN buffer layers exhibited nanowire-like columnar protrusions, with their size, shape, and tilt determined by the AlN V/III flux ratio. GaN nanowires were frequently observed to adopt the structural characteristics of the underlying AlN columns, including the size and the degree of tilt. Piezoresponse force microscopy and polarity-sensitive etching indicate that the AlN films and the protruding columns have a mixed crystallographic polarity. Convergent beam electron diffraction indicates that GaN nanowires are Ga-polar, suggesting that Al-polar columns are nanowire nucleation sites for Ga-polar nanowires. GaN nanowires of low density could be grown on AlN buffers that were predominantly N-polar with isolated Al-polar columns, indicating a high growth rate for Ga-polar nanowires and suppressed growth of N-polar nanowires under typical growth conditions. AlN buffer layers grown under slightly N-rich conditions (V/III flux ratio = 1.0 to 1.3) were found to provide a favorable growth surface for low-density, coalescence-free nanowires.

Brubaker, Matt D. [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); DARPA Center for Integrated Micro/Nano-Electromechanical Transducers (iMINT), University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Levin, Igor; Davydov, Albert V. [Material Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Rourke, Devin M.; Sanford, Norman A.; Bertness, Kris A. [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Bright, Victor M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); DARPA Center for Integrated Micro/Nano-Electromechanical Transducers (iMINT), University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

ARM - Instrument - psap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PVC S1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; MAOS SBS S2 Browse Data...

248

ARM - Datastreams - 915rwpprecipcon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Auxiliary) SGP S07 Browse Data Supplemental 7, Lamont, OK SGP S08 Browse Data Supplemental 8, Lamont, OK ARM Mobile Facility PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1...

249

ARM - Instrument - nephelometer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PVC S1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; MAOS SBS S2 Browse Data...

250

Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP): Model AL-M1 nuclear packaging (DOE C of C No. USA/9507/BLF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) satisfies the request of the US Department of Energy for a formal safety analysis of the shipping container identified as USA/9507/BLF, also called AL-M1, configuration 5. This report makes available to all potential users the technical information and the limits pertinent to the construction and use of the shipping containers. It includes discussions of structural integrity, thermal resistance, radiation shielding and radiological safety, nuclear criticality safety, and quality control. A complete physical and technical description of the package is presented. The package consists of an inner container centered within an insulated steel drum. The configuration-5 package contains tritiated water held on sorbent material. There are two other AL-M1 packages, designated configurations 1 and 3. These use the same insulated outer drum, but licensing of these containers will not be addressed in this SARP. Design and development considerations, the tests and evaluations required to prove the ability of the container to withstand normal transportation conditions, and the sequence of four hypothetical accident conditions (free drop, puncture, thermal, and water immersion) are discussed. Tables, graphs, dimensional sketches, photographs, technical references, loading and shipping procedures, Monsanto Research Corporation-Mound experience in using the containers, and a copy of the DOE/OSD/ALO Certificate of Compliance are included.

Coleman, H.L.; Whitney, M.A.; Williams, M.A.; Alexander, B.M.; Shapiro, A.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

251

Propane ammoxidation over the Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase: Reactivity of surface cations in hydrogen abstraction steps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density functional theory calculations (GGA-PBE) have been performed to investigate the adsorption of C3 (propane, isopropyl, propene, and allyl) and H species on the proposed active center present in the surface ab planes of the bulk Mo-V-Te-Nb-O M1 phase in order to better understand the roles of the different surface cations in propane ammoxidation. Modified cluster models were employed to isolate the closely spaced V=O and Te=O from each other and to vary the oxidation state of the V cation. While propane and propene adsorb with nearly zero adsorption energy, the isopropyl and allyl radicals bind strongly to V=O and Te=O with adsorption energies, {Delta}E, being {le} -1.75 eV, but appreciably more weakly on other sites, such as Mo=O, bridging oxygen (Mo-O-V and Mo-O-Mo), and empty metal apical sites ({Delta}E > -1 eV). Atomic H binds more strongly to Te = O ({Delta}E {le} -3 eV) than to all the other sites, including V = O ({Delta}E = -2.59 eV). The reduction of surface oxo groups by dissociated H and their removal as water are thermodynamically favorable except when both H atoms are bonded to the same Te=O. Consistent with the strong binding of H, Te=O is markedly more active at abstracting the methylene H from propane (E{sub a} {le} 1.01 eV) than V = O (E{sub a} = 1.70 eV on V{sup 5+} = O and 2.13 eV on V{sup 4+} = O). The higher-than-observed activity and the loose binding of Te = O moieties to the mixed metal oxide lattice of M1 raise the question of whether active Te = O groups are in fact present in the surface ab planes of the M1 phase under propane ammoxidation conditions.

Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Mg doping of GaN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy under nitrogen-rich conditions  

SciTech Connect

Acceptor doping of GaN with Mg during plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy, under N-rich conditions and a relatively high growth temperature of 740 deg. C, was investigated. The p-doping level steadily increases with increasing Mg flux. The highest doping level achieved, determined from Hall measurements, is 2.1x10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}. The corresponding doping efficiency and hole mobility are approx4.9% and 3.7 cm{sup 2}/V s at room temperature. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence measurements confirm good crystalline and optical quality of the Mg-doped layers. An InGaN/GaN quantum dot light emitting diode (lambda{sub peak}=529 nm) with p-GaN contact layers grown under N-rich condition exhibits a low series resistance of 9.8 OMEGA.

Zhang Meng; Bhattacharya, Pallab; Guo Wei; Banerjee, Animesh [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Solid-State Electronics Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2010-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

253

Search for 14.4-KeV Solar Axions Emitted in the M1-Transition of Fe-57 Nuclei with CAST  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g{sub ay}|-1.19g{sub aN}{sup 0}+g{sub aN}{sup 3}| < 1.36 x 10{sup -16} GeV{sup -1} for ma < 0.03 eV at the 95% confidence level.

Andriamonje, S.; Aune, S.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Autiero, D.; /CERN /Lyon, IPN; Barth, K.; /CERN; Belov, A.; /Moscow, INR; Beltran, B.; /Zaragoza U. /Queen's U., Kingston; Brauninger, H.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Carmona, J.M.; Cebrian, S.; /Zaragoza U.; Collar, J.I.; /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP; Dafni, T.; /DAPNIA, Saclay /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U.; Davenport, M.; /CERN; Di Lella, L.; /CERN /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore; Eleftheriadis, C.; /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki; Englhauser, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Fanourakis, G.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; /Freiburg U.; Friedrich, P.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Geralis, T.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Moscow, INR /Zaragoza U. /British Columbia U. /Freiburg U. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Zaragoza U. /Frankfurt U. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Freiburg U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /CERN /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Zaragoza U. /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Zaragoza U. /CERN /DAPNIA, Saclay /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U. /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Patras U. /Brookhaven /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /CERN /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Zaragoza U. /Freiburg U. /CERN /CERN /Patras U.

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

STEM HAADF Image Simulation of the Orthorhombic M1 Phase in the Mo-V-Nb-Te-O Propane Oxidation Catalyst  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A full frozen phonon multislice simulation of high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF STEM) images from the M1 phase of the Mo-V-Nb-Te-O propane oxidation catalyst has been performed by using the latest structural model obtained using the Rietveld method. Simulated contrast results are compared with experimental HAADF images. Good agreement is observed at ring sites, however significant thickness dependence is noticed at the linking sites. The remaining discrepancies between the model based on Rietveld refinement and image simulations indicate that the sampling of a small volume element in HAADF STEM and averaging elemental contributions of a disordered site in a crystal slab by using the virtual crystal approximation might be problematic, especially if there is preferential Mo/V ordering near the (001) surface.

D Blom; X Li; S Mitra; T Vogt; D Buttrey

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

Tips for Daylighting - Browse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Daylighting with Windows Tips for Daylighting with Windows These guidelines provide an integrated approach to the cost-effective design of perimeter zones in new commercial buildings. They function as a quick reference for designers through a set of easy steps and rules-of-thumb, emphasizing "how-to" practical details. References are given to more detailed sources of information, should the reader wish to go further. No guidelines can answer all possible questions from all types of users. However, this document addresses the most commonly occurring scenarios. The guidance here is limited by the medium; short paper documents can only go so far in assisting a designer with a unique project. This document has been carefully shaped to best meet the needs of a designer when time does not permit a more extensive form of assistance.

256

Step-flow anisotropy of the m-plane GaN (1100) grown under nitrogen-rich conditions by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The homoepitaxial growth of m-plane (1100) GaN was investigated by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy under nitrogen-rich conditions. The surface morphologies as a function of sample miscut were studied, providing evidence for a strong growth anisotropy that is a consequence of the anisotropy of Ga adatom diffusion barriers on the m-plane surface recently calculated ab initio[Lymperakis and Neugebauer, Phys. Rev. B 79, 241308(R) (2009)]. We found that substrate miscut toward [0001] implies a step flow toward while substrate miscut toward [0001] causes formation of atomic steps either perpendicular or parallel to the [0001] direction, under N-rich conditions at 730 deg C. We describe the growth conditions for achieving atomically flat m-plane GaN layers with parallel atomic steps.

Sawicka, Marta; Siekacz, Marcin; Skierbiszewski, Czeslaw [Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sokolowska 29/37, PL-01-142 Warszawa (Poland); TopGaN Ltd., Sokolowska 29/37, PL-01-142 Warszawa (Poland); Turski, Henryk; Krysko, Marcin; DziePcielewski, Igor; Grzegory, Izabella [Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sokolowska 29/37, PL-01-142 Warszawa (Poland); Smalc-Koziorowska, Julita [Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sokolowska 29/37, PL-01-142 Warszawa (Poland); TopGaN Ltd., Sokolowska 29/37, PL-01-142 Warszawa (Poland); Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Material Science and Engineering, Woloska 141, PL-02-507 Warszawa (Poland)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Ultralow nonalloyed Ohmic contact resistance to self aligned N-polar GaN high electron mobility transistors by In(Ga)N regrowth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultralow Ohmic contact resistance and a self-aligned device structure are necessary to reduce the effect of parasitic elements and obtain higher f{sub t} and f{sub max} in high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs). N-polar (0001) GaN HEMTs, offer a natural advantage over Ga-polar HEMTs, in terms of contact resistance since the contact is not made through a high band gap material [Al(Ga)N]. In this work, we extend the advantage by making use of polarization induced three-dimensional electron-gas through regrowth of graded InGaN and thin InN cap in the contact regions by plasma (molecular beam epitaxy), to obtain an ultralow Ohmic contact resistance of 27 OMEGA mum to a GaN 2DEG.

Dasgupta, Sansaptak; Nidhi,; Brown, David F.; Wu, Feng; Keller, Stacia; Speck, James S.; Mishra, Umesh K. [Department of ECE, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States) and Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

258

High electron mobility through the edge states in random networks of c-axis oriented wedge-shaped GaN nanowalls grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transport and optical properties of random networks of c-axis oriented wedge-shaped GaN nanowalls grown spontaneously on c-plane sapphire substrates through molecular beam epitaxy are investigated. Our study suggests a one dimensional confinement of carriers at the top edges of these connected nanowalls, which results in a blue shift of the band edge luminescence, a reduction of the exciton-phonon coupling, and an enhancement of the exciton binding energy. Not only that, the yellow luminescence in these samples is found to be completely suppressed even at room temperature. All these changes are highly desirable for the enhancement of the luminescence efficiency of the material. More interestingly, the electron mobility through the network is found to be significantly higher than that is typically observed for GaN epitaxial films. This dramatic improvement is attributed to the transport of electrons through the edge states formed at the top edges of the nanowalls.

Bhasker, H. P.; Dhar, S.; Sain, A. [Physics Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076 (India); Kesaria, Manoj; Shivaprasad, S. M. [International Centre for Material Science, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

259

Indium and impurity incorporation in InGaN films on polar, nonpolar, and semipolar GaN orientations grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

The effects of NH{sub 3} flow, group III flux, and substrate growth temperature on indium incorporation and surface morphology have been investigated for bulk InGaN films grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy. The incorporation of unintentional impurity elements (H, C, O) in InGaN films was studied as a function of growth temperature for growth on polar (0001) GaN on sapphire templates, nonpolar (1010) bulk GaN, and semipolar (1122), (2021) bulk GaN substrates. Enhanced indium incorporation was observed on both (1010) and (2021) surfaces relative to c-plane, while reduced indium incorporation was observed on (1122) for co-loaded conditions. Indium incorporation was observed to increase with decreasing growth temperature for all planes, while being relatively unaffected by the group III flux rates for a 1:1 Ga:In ratio. Indium incorporation was found to increase at the expense of a decreased growth rate for higher ammonia flows; however, smooth surface morphology was consistently observed for growth on semipolar orientations. Increased concentrations of oxygen and hydrogen were observed on semipolar and nonpolar orientations with a clear trend of increased hydrogen incorporation with indium content.

Browne, David A.; Young, Erin C.; Lang, Jordan R.; Hurni, Christophe A.; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

As-grown deep-level defects in n-GaN grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on freestanding GaN  

SciTech Connect

Traps of energy levels E{sub c}-0.26 and E{sub c}-0.61 eV have been identified as as-grown traps in n-GaN grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition by using deep level transient spectroscopy of the Schottky contacts fabricated by resistive evaporation. The additional traps of E{sub c}-0.13 and E{sub c}-0.65 eV have been observed in samples whose contacts are deposited by electron-beam evaporation. An increase in concentration of the E{sub c}-0.13 and E{sub c}-0.65 eV traps when approaching the interface between the contact and the GaN film supports our argument that these traps are induced by electron-beam irradiation. Conversely, the depth profiles of as-grown traps show different profiles between several samples with increased or uniform distribution in the near surface below 50 nm. Similar profiles are observed in GaN grown on a sapphire substrate. We conclude that the growth process causes these large concentrations of as-grown traps in the near-surface region. It is speculated that the finishing step in the growth process should be an essential issue in the investigation of the surface state of GaN.

Chen Shang; Ishikawa, Kenji; Hori, Masaru [Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Honda, Unhi; Shibata, Tatsunari; Matsumura, Toshiya; Tokuda, Yutaka [Aichi Institute of Technology, Yakusa, Toyota 470-0392 (Japan); Ueda, Hiroyuki; Uesugi, Tsutomu; Kachi, Tetsu [Toyota Central R and D Laboratories, Inc., Yokomichi, Nagakute 480-1192 (Japan)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

NORTHEAST OREGON W I L D L I F E M 1 T I G AT I 0 N P R 0 J  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTHEAST OREGON NORTHEAST OREGON W I L D L I F E M 1 T I G AT I 0 N P R 0 J E CT FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DOE/EA-1160 DEC 1 3 1996 U S T I Northeast Oregon' Wildlife Mitigation Project Environmental Assess men t Table of Contents CHAPTER 1: PURPOSE OF AND NEED FOR ACTION 1 1 . 1.1 Underlying Need for Action 1.2 Purposes 1 CHAPTER 2: ALTERNATIVES, INCLUDING THE PROPOSED ACTION 2 2.1 Proposed Action 2 2.2 No Action 4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES 6 CHAPTER 3: 3.1 Water Quality 7 3.2 Vegetation 8 3.3 Fish and Wildlife 9 3.4 Land Use 10 3.5 Cultural Resources 11 3.6 Air Quality 12 CHAPTER 4: PERSONS AND AGENCIES CONSULTED 13 CHAPTER 5: REFERENCES 13 Table 1: predicted Performance Summary 5 Table 1: predicted Performance Summary 5

262

Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

Govindasamy, Agalya [University of Cincinnati; Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

ARM - Instrument - nfov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA Contact(s) Gary Hodges (303) 497-6460...

264

ARM - Instrument - ceilpblht  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OK ARM Mobile Facility OLI M1 Browse Data Oliktok Point, Alaska PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Yan Shi Developer (509) 375-6858 yan.shi@pnnl...

265

ARM - Instrument - dl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Rob Newsom (509) 372-6020 rob.newsom@pnnl...

266

ARM - Instrument - sasze  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spirit PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Connor Flynn (509) 375-2041 connor.flynn...

267

ARM - Instrument - aeri  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA Contact(s) Jonathan Gero 608-265-2335...

268

ARM - VAP Process - mplcmask  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HFE M1 Browse Data Shouxian, Anhui, China PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Chitra Sivaraman Developer (509) 375-2436 chitra.sivaraman@pnnl.go...

269

ARM - Instrument - sebs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

East Arm, Darwin, Australia ARM Mobile Facility PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO, Valley Site Contact(s) David Cook...

270

Effects of growth temperature on Mg-doped GaN grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

The hole concentration p in Mg-doped GaN films grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy depends strongly on the growth temperature T{sub GR}. At T{sub GR}=760 Degree-Sign C, GaN:Mg films showed a hole concentration of p=1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} for [Mg]=4.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}, while at T{sub GR}=840 Degree-Sign C, p=4.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 16} cm{sup -3} for [Mg]=7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. Post-growth annealing did not increase p. The sample grown at 760 Degree-Sign C exhibited a low resistivity of 0.7 {Omega}cm. The mobility for all the samples was around 3-7 cm{sup 2}/V s. Temperature-dependent Hall measurements and secondary ion mass spectroscopy suggest that the samples grown at T{sub GR}>760 Degree-Sign C are compensated by an intrinsic donor rather than hydrogen.

Hurni, Christophe A.; Lang, Jordan R.; Burke, Peter G.; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, 93106-5050 California (United States)

2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

271

Photoconduction efficiencies and dynamics in GaN nanowires grown by chemical vapor deposition and molecular beam epitaxy: A comparison study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The normalized gains, which determines the intrinsic photoconduction (PC) efficiencies, have been defined and compared for the gallium nitride (GaN) nanowires (NWs) grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). By excluding the contributions of experimental parameters and under the same light intensity, the CVD-grown GaN NWs exhibit the normalized gain which is near two orders of magnitude higher than that of the MBE-ones. The temperature-dependent time-resolved photocurrent measurement further indicates that the higher photoconduction efficiency in the CVD-GaN NWs is originated from the longer carrier lifetime induced by the higher barrier height ({phi}{sub B} = 160 {+-} 30 mV) of surface band bending. In addition, the experimentally estimated barrier height at 20 {+-} 2 mV for the MBE-GaN NWs, which is much lower than the theoretical value, is inferred to be resulted from the lower density of charged surface states on the non-polar side walls.

Chen, R. S. [Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Technology, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan (China); Tsai, H. Y. [Graduate Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan (China); Huang, Y. S. [Graduate Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 10607, Taiwan (China); Chen, Y. T. [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chen, L. C. [Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Chen, K. H. [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

272

Molecular beam epitaxy of InAlN lattice-matched to GaN with homogeneous composition using ammonia as nitrogen source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

InAlN lattice-matched to GaN was grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) using ammonia as the nitrogen source. The alloy composition, growth conditions, and strain coherence of the InAlN were verified by high resolution x-ray diffraction {omega}-2{theta} scans and reciprocal space maps. Scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy of the InAlN revealed the absence of lateral composition modulation that was observed in the films grown by plasma-assisted MBE. InAlN/AlN/GaN high electron mobility transistors with smooth surfaces were fabricated with electron mobilities exceeding 1600 cm{sup 2}/Vs and sheet resistances below 244 {Omega}/sq.

Wong, Man Hoi; Wu Feng; Hurni, Christophe A.; Choi, Soojeong; Speck, James S.; Mishra, Umesh K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

273

Influence of V/III growth flux ratio on trap states in m-plane GaN grown by ammonia-based molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) and deep level optical spectroscopy (DLOS) were utilized to investigate the behavior of deep states in m-plane, n-type GaN grown by ammonia-based molecular beam epitaxy (NH{sub 3}-MBE) as a function of systematically varied V/III growth flux ratios. Levels were detected at E{sub C} - 0.14 eV, E{sub C} - 0.21 eV, E{sub C} - 0.26 eV, E{sub C} - 0.62 eV, E{sub C} - 0.67 eV, E{sub C} - 2.65 eV, and E{sub C} - 3.31 eV, with the concentrations of several traps exhibiting systematic dependencies on V/III ratio. The DLTS spectra are dominated by traps at E{sub C} - 0.14 eV and E{sub C} - 0.67 eV, whose concentrations decreased monotonically with increasing V/III ratio and decreasing oxygen impurity concentration, and by a trap at E{sub C} - 0.21 eV that revealed no dependence of its concentration on growth conditions, suggestive of different physical origins. Higher concentrations of deeper trap states detected by DLOS with activation energies of E{sub C} - 2.65 eV and E{sub C} - 3.31 eV in each sample did not display measureable sensitivity to the intentionally varied V/III ratio, necessitating further study on reducing these deep traps through growth optimization for maximizing material quality of NH{sub 3}-MBE grown m-plane GaN.

Zhang, Z.; Arehart, A. R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Hurni, C. A.; Speck, J. S. [Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States); Ringel, S. A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Institute for Materials Research, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

ARM - Instrument - cpc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PVC S1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; MAOS See Also Contact(s)...

275

ARM - Datastreams - aosuhsas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

( binnum ) Locations ARM Mobile Facility MAG M1 Browse Data Los Angeles, CA to Honolulu, HI - container ship Horizon Spirit PVC S1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; MAOS...

276

ARM - Instrument - mfr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SGP C1 Browse Data Central Facility, Lamont, OK ARM Mobile Facility PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Gary Hodges (303) 497-6460 Gary.Hodges@noaa...

277

ARM - Datastreams - dlusr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

timeoffset ( time ) Locations Southern Great Plains SGP C1 Browse Data Central Facility, Lamont, OK ARM Mobile Facility PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1...

278

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Hydrogen + , Developer of catalysts for room-temperature hydrogen production + , hot steam production and Fischer-Tropsch processes. + , Oxford + , United Kingdom + Place...

279

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13 - Particulate Emissions from Fossil Fuel Fired Steam or Hot Water Generating Units (Rhode Island) EZFeedRelevant Yes + IncentiveActive...

280

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ExplorationBasis 1) Characterize a magma source. 2) To conduct reservoir modeling of a steam reservoir. ExplorationOutcome not indicated + ExplorationTechnique Analytical Modeling...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

up on the reports of a CODELCO water exploration well that flowed small amounts of dry steam at 4,540 m elevation in the valley 4.5 km east of the fumaroles. The prospect is...

282

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Hydrogen + , Catal has worked together with LIFE-IC on the "hydrogen producing steam reformer" project. + , Sheffield + , United Kingdom + Place Sheffield, United Kingdom...

283

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(liquid) reservoir are present and possess distinctive gas and liquid compositions. Steam sampled from wells in the central and southwestern Coso reservoir is unusually...

284

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Energy Company + , Solar + , Wind energy + , Splited from wind turbine maker Dongfang Steam Turbines Works (DFSTW) in December 2006 + , which focuses on the investment in the...

285

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Has developed a new technology to produce hydrogen from water or geothermal steam using a new method called RET (Radiant Energy Transfer). + , Palo Alto + , California...

286

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

general methods needed to characterize the geothermal production fractures that supply steam for power generation and to the specific knowledge of these in the Geysers area. (2)By...

287

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Customers requiring steam service on premises adjacent to existing low pressure steam mains. OpenEIUtilityRate...

288

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Biogreen Energy Systems Pvt Ltd + , Energy Company + , Biogreen makes steam turbines + , biogas engines + , and converts kitchen waste into methane rich biogas. +...

289

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

reservoir at 1 - 1.5 km depth, intersected by steeply inclined fissures which carry steam and gas to the well bores, and to the natural fumaroles. A substantial decline in the...

290

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beijing Full Three Dimension Power Engineering Co Ltd (FTD) + , Energy Company + , A steam turbine design and refurbishment service provider. Focus on technical renovation of...

291

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

system and its evolution. The high proportion of magmatic gas and high total NCG in HTR steam are inconsistent with an origin of the vapor-dominated Northwest Geysers reservoir...

292

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the project are voluntarily contributed from a variety of sources including utilities, installers, and the general public. The data collected are actively maintained by the...

293

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Solar Energy Alliance + , Energy Company + , Solar + , Wind energy + , Grant approved installers of micro wind power and solar energy...

294

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Helio Micro Utility Inc + , Energy Company + , Solar + , Contracts with solar installers to build and maintain solar power systems + , Bay Area + , Berkeley + ,...

295

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , which converts brown grease + , or used cooking oil and food scrapings + , to biofuel. + , Philadelphia + , Pennsylvania + Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania + Product...

296

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co Ltd + , Energy Company + , The company is a ethanol manufacturer + , engaging in biofuel production and project development. + , Baicheng + , Jilin Province + , China + Place...

297

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Bio-Clean Fuels Inc + , Energy Company + , Hydro + , Califonia-based biofuel technology and engineering company. The company is in developing technology for the...

298

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abengoa SA + , Energy Company + , Bioenergy + , Solar + , Construction + , biofuel + , solar and power company - parent of Abengoa Bioenergia + , Abengoa Bioenergy Corp...

299

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Solar + , Provides efficient systems in the fields of demand management + , biofuel + , biomass and solar CHP systems. + , Houston + , Texas + Place Houston, Texas +...

300

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

G Ltd: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Bioener G Ltd + , Energy Company + , Biofuel supplier to bulk fuel users. + , Milton Keynes + , England + , United Kingdom + Place...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(STEG) project developer + , to use parabolic trough design with syngas made from biofuel as a backup fuel. + , Cardiff + , California + Place Cardiff, California + Product...

302

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

provides a broadest range of enzymes for chemical synthesis + , especially biomass to biofuel enzymes along with the resources and technology to develop enzymatic processes. + ,...

303

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

profile. OpenEIPageKeyword BlueFire Ethanol + , Energy Company + , Hydro + , US biofuel producer that utilises a patented concentrated acid hydrolysis technology to process...

304

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to estimate the economic impacts of constructing and operating power generation and biofuel plants at the local and state levels.fuel plants at the local and state levels....

305

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BiOctane: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword BiOctane + , Energy Company + , Biofuel start-up planning to design and develop a biodiesel and ethanol refinery. + ,...

306

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIPageKeyword Carbon Credited Farming Plc + , Energy Company + , London-based biofuel developer focusing on jatropha curcas plantations in South-east Asia and Africa. + ,...

307

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in wholesale and retail and in providing services. The company is also active in the biofuel and solar sectors. + , Munich + , Germany + Place Munich, Germany + Product...

308

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Energy Company + , Efficiency + , Chicago-based company dedicated to optimising biofuel production through management + , energy efficiency + , and operational improvements....

309

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Ltd (SWEL) + , Energy Company + , Wind energy + , Tamil Nadu-based wind and biofuel project developer. + , Tirunelveli + , Tamil Nadu + , India + Place Tirunelveli,...

310

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Energy Company + , Biomass + , Bio Fuel Systems focuses on the development of biofuel through marine biomass (algae). + , Alicante + , Spain + Place Alicante, Spain +...

311

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

renewable energy initiatives in the state + , predominantly in the solar + , wind and biofuel arena. + , New Jersey + Place New Jersey + Product New Jersey public body providing...

312

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in this wiki. 6 September 2009 16:41:03 + hide properties that link here 5 boro biofuel + , AWS Truewind + , Adirondack North Country Association + , Advanced Materials...

313

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Provides project management and engineering services to wind + , STEG + , PV + , biofuel and fuel cell power plants. + , Madrid + , Spain + Place Madrid, Spain + Product...

314

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Science + , is actively working on the research projects for PEM fuel cell + , biofuel + , solar and wind power. + , Madrid + , Spain + Place Madrid, Spain + Product...

315

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Brasbiofuel + , Energy Company + , Brazilian biofuel company investing USD 240.8m to develop the biodiesel industry in Parana. + , Brazil...

316

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2007. Thumbnail, Nanoscale Blasting Adjusts Resistance in Magnetic Sensors, created 8/16/2007, entered 8/16/2007. Thumbnail, ...

317

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

60 + IncentiveCont2Dept Maryland Energy Administration + IncentiveCont2Email crice@energy.state.md.us + IncentiveCont2Name Chris Rice + IncentiveCont2Phone 410-260-7655 +...

318

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Inc: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Buffalo Biodiesel Inc + , Energy Company + , Buffalo Biodiesel is a biodiesel producer that buys recycled and virgin...

319

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distributed Generation Systems Inc + , Energy Company + , Wind energy + , Developer of electricity generation wind power facilities + , Rockies Area + , Lakewood + , Colorado +...

320

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Dairyland Power Cooperative + , Energy Company + , Services + , Provides electricity generation and transmission services for 25 member distribution cooperatives...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

lighting units. Note: MV Mercury Vapor, HPS High Pressure Sodium, IND Induction, LED Light Emitting Diode.D Induction, LED Light Emitting Diode. OpenEIUtilityRate...

322

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

will furnish, install, and maintain lighting units. Note: HPS High Pressure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode.essure Sodium, LED Light Emitting Diode. OpenEIUtilityRate...

323

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

wind turbines + , solar components + , solar-wind complementary power supply system + , LED lighting system. + , Dalian + , Liaoning Province + , China + Place Dalian, Liaoning...

324

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shall have a monthly estimated usage assigned for billing purposes as follows: 46-watt LED lighting purposes as follows: 46-watt LED light OpenEIUtilityRate...

325

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 + OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Rate D LED-100 Watt Metal Halide Equivalent: On Timer - 2920 hoursyear OpenEIUtilityRate...

326

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDescription LED Street Lighting Pilot - Schedule LED S ... LED Street Lighting Pilot - Schedule LED SLP...

327

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription OUTDOOR PROTECTIVE LIGHTING SERVICE - LED ... OUTDOOR PROTECTIVE LIGHTING SERVICE - LED Alternative - 175W MV SCHEDULE PL *...

328

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 + OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Rate D LED-100 Watt Metal Halide Equivalent: Dusk to Dawn OpenEIUtilityRateFlatRateBuy 1.81 +...

329

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of test and measurement solutions including for electric vehicles and the solar and LED industries. + , Taiwan + Place Taiwan + Product Taiwan-based Chroma ATE Inc is a...

330

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Liaoyuan Lighting Co + , Energy Company + , Solar + , Wind energy + , Engaged in outdoor LED lighting manufacture and design including street lamps and solarwind hybrid street...

331

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of energy-saving Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs + , solar-powered lights + , LED bulbs + , auto lamps and other speciality lamps. + , Nanhai + , Guangdong Province + ,...

332

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to obtain data from which information regarding mass transfer rates. This then led to conclucions of the historyevolution of the geothermal system. Unclear whether...

333

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaic Co + , Energy Company + , Solar + , China-based solar energy cell and LED automatic lighting systems manufacturer. + , Wenzhou City + , Zhejiang Province + ,...

334

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Note: Rate schedule specifies "84 LED 31 kWhMonth". OpenEIUtilityRateFixedMonthlyCharge 24.5 + OpenEIUtilityRateName...

335

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 + OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription LED 250 Watt Equivalent per Lamp OpenEIUtilityRateFixedMonthlyCharge 11.75 + OpenEI...

336

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

engineering + , electromechanical controls and power electronics. The organisation is led by the University of Houston. + , Houston + , Texas + Place Houston, Texas + Product...

337

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 + OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription LED: available for all new and existing locations OpenEIUtilityRateFixedMonthlyCharge...

338

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription OUTDOOR LIGHTING SERVICE - LED Alternative to 175 MV and 100 Watts HPS SCHEDULE OL * Flat rate Adjustments the...

339

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription OUTDOOR PROTECTIVE LIGHTING SERVICE - LED ... OUTDOOR PROTECTIVE LIGHTING SERVICE - LED Alternative - 100W HPS SCHEDULE PL *...

340

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDescription RLED Residential LED Security Light OpenEIUtilityRateEnergyRateStructurePeriod 1 + OpenEIUtilityRate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 + OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription LED 100 Watt Equivalent per Lamp OpenEIUtilityRateFixedMonthlyCharge 6.64 + OpenEI...

342

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beijing Taishi Xinguang Technology Co Ltd + , Energy Company + , A China-based LED technology firm. + , Beijing + , Beijing Municipality + , China + Place Beijing,...

343

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Civilight: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Civilight + , Energy Company + , LED light bulb and streetlight maker. + , Shenzhen + , Guangdong Province + , China + Place...

344

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by any valid and applicable law or regulation. This experimental tariff shall be in effect through December 31, 2013, unless otherwise ordered. The total capacity available...

345

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

has two main goals: reducing the province's contribution to climate change by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and preparing for changes to the province's climate that...

346

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2009. Thumbnail, Scanning tunneling microscope; Semiconductor; Spintronics, created 2009, entered 12/1/2009. Thumbnail, ...

347

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Energy Company + , Hydro + , Hydrogen + , W2T is seeking to developer a waste to energy plant combining plasma gasification and hydrogen fuel cells to achieve highly...

348

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateFixedMonthlyCharge 27 + OpenEIUtilityRateName Farm & Home Service (15 kVA or less transformer capacity) + OpenEIUtilityRateSector Residential...

349

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and applicable systemwide for certain service not included under Cooperative's Farm & Home Schedules. This Schedule is applicable for all 3phase service, not to exceed 150 kVA,...

350

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

members of the Cooperative eligible for service under Tariff Schedule I-- Domestic-Farm & Home Service, or Tariff Schedule 2--Commercial and Small Power Less than 50 KVA, who have...

351

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IncentiveWebsite http:dnr.louisiana.govindex.cfm?mdpagebuilder&tmphome&pid85&ngid5 + OpenEIPageDescription Coastal Management (Louisiana): energy...

352

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityRateFlatDemandStructurePeriod 1 + OpenEIUtilityRateName Schedule A5- Farm & Home Service TOD Option A + OpenEIUtilityRateSector Residential + OpenEIUtilityRate...

353

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Available to members of the Cooperative for all farm, home, residential, church, school, and public building uses, including electric heating,...

354

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityRateFlatDemandStructurePeriod 1 + OpenEIUtilityRateName Schedule A5- Farm & Home Service TOD Option B + OpenEIUtilityRateSector Residential + OpenEIUtilityRate...

355

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ Zip 45011 + Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Home Energy CheckupCommercial Energy Checkup + Has improper value forThis property is a...

356

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooperative fo ... Available to members of the Cooperative for all residential farm and home uses subject to its established rules and regulations. Approval of the Cooperative...

357

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateFixedMonthlyCharge 15 + OpenEIUtilityRateName General Service Home Heating + OpenEIUtilityRateSector Residential + OpenEIUtilityRateSource http:...

358

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

use, where an energy source other than electricity is used as the primary source for home heating. The customer is responsible for a minimum bill equal to the customer charge....

359

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siting & Permitting + IncentiveUserSource http:www.deq.state.ms.usMDEQ.nsfpageMainHome?OpenDocument IncentiveWebsite http:www.deq.state.ms.usnewwebmdeqregulations.nsf...

360

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

section discusses heavy-duty vehicles. The fourth section discusses the policies that shape the transportation sector, and the fifth section makes projections about what will...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a small dyke (d4). Such relationships suggest that GVS is fed by d4 and that the linear shape of d4 may have controlled the elliptical development of the GVS. To test this...

362

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

spectra of alteration minerals, which classifies spectra according to their shape and absorption features, thus obtaining groups of spectra equivalent to mineral...

363

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(TOBI) side-scan sonar imagery, we measured the dimensions (diameter, height, slopes), shape, and texture of these volcanic edifices to further understanding of the geometric...

364

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

loss costs to bring the power to the District's System. The hourly, daily, and seasonal shape of the power. The effects of the length of the power supply agreement in light of the...

365

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ Notes At Columbus Salt Marsh, Nevada, additional 2m measurements better defined the shape of a blind, shallow thermal anomaly; also at this location deeper temperature...

366

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

proper execution of contract. This service gives the customer access to 15-minute demand load profile meter information andor real time energy information via the Internet. Load...

367

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

grid connected solar or wind generation of ten kilowatts or less where the customer's load profile exceeds the generating capacity. (3) Service conditions. Service will be...

368

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ NumberOfEmployees 501 + OpenEIPageDescription Goodwill Instrument: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Goodwill Instrument + , Energy Company + , Efficiency + ,...

369

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy LLC + OpenEIPageDescription Grasslands Renewable Energy LLC: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword Grasslands Renewable Energy LLC + , Energy Company + , Wind...

370

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

permissible levels of radiation in unrestricted areas, environmental standards for uranium fuel cycle and information about notification of incidents. IncentiveTechDsc Nuclear...

371

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source-by-source review of energy supply resources, including oil, natural gas, coal, uranium, peat, wood, agricultural and municipal waste, and also hydro-electric, tidal,...

372

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... entered 2/19/2008. Thumbnail, Algae Toxin; Pfiesteria, created 1/19/2007, entered 1/23/2007. Thumbnail, Prozac Exposure ...

373

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... » Hide Thumbnails. Thumbnail, Energy; Fossil Fuels;Distillation Curves for Complex Fuel Mixtures, created 5/25/2006, entered 5/30/2006. ...

374

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Also available for network services including lighting. Special service, such as welding, x-ray, heating and air conditioning is available subject to Department approval....

375

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shops, filling stations, laundries, retail stores, dairies, hatcheries, greenhouses, welding shops, frozen storage plants, etc., except under the terms and conditions contained...

376

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load, x-ray and x-ray type equipment load, fusing machine load, and other type of welding loadchine load, and other type of welding load OpenEIUtilityRate...

377

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , American Municipal Power + , Clean Fuels Ohio + , Design Group, Inc. + , Edison Welding Institute + , Environment Ohio + , Go Sustainable Energy, LLC + , Green Energy Ohio +...

378

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of channels 12 + On-Site fabrication capabilityequipment Full carpentry shop with welding and machining capabilities Other Data Capabilites Conventional PC computing &...

379

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIPageKeyword FRONIUS USA LLC + , Energy Company + , Solar + , Focused on welding machines and solar inverters. + , Brighton + , Michigan 48116 USA + , Michigan +...

380

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Street Crossing Policy. Service is not available under this schedule for X-ray or welding equipment or for resale. X-ray or welding equipment or for resale. OpenEI...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load, x-ray and x-ray type equipment load, fusing machine load, and other types of welding loadhine load, and other types of welding load OpenEIUtilityRate...

382

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

under the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) period where China set a target of reducing its energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of GDP) by 20% compared to the 2005...

383

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solutions Inc: energy company profile. OpenEIPageKeyword H2 Energy Solutions Inc + , Energy Company + , Hydro + , Hydrogen + , Development stage company focused on the use of...

384

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Emissions Assistance Network Geothermal Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S....

385

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EFFECT e-learning courses + , ESMAP-Brazil-Low-carbon Country Case Study + , ESMAP-China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy + , ESMAP-Energy Efficiency Case Studies + ,...

386

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy + , Develops a photovoltaic gel + , based on a-Si + , that can be applied to windows and is fully transparent. + , Potenza + , Italy + Place Potenza, Italy + Product...

387

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

R factors; attic ventilation; basement and crawl space ventilation; the use of storm windows and doors or windows and doors using thermal glass; proper caulking and sealing of...

388

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

you must have insulation equivalent to: Ceilings: R-30 Walls: R-12 Floor: R-19 Storm windows or insulated doors Storm windows or double pane windows State size of water heater...

389

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Door System Co Ltd + , Energy Company + , Wind energy + , Korean manufacturer of windows and doors; entered into BIPV business through exclusive distribution and...

390

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thumbnail, Nanoparticles; Microscope Design, created 3/2008, entered 3/7 ... Thumbnail, 3-D Nanostructures, creation date unknown, entered 6/24 ...

391

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thumbnail, Honeycomb-based Nanostructure, created 2012 ... Thumbnail, Nanoparticles, created 2010, entered 5/25 ... is Boon to Fuel Cell Research ...

392

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic...

393

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Vermont-based wind energy company that designs + , builds + , installs and maintains power generation systems. + , Waitsfield + , Vermont + Place Waitsfield, Vermont + Product...

394

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro + , Wind energy + , Toronto-based owner + , operator and developer of hydroelectric power facilities + , co-generation and wind power assets. + , Toronto + , Ontario + ,...

395

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distributed Solar Power Ltd (Di.S.P) + , Energy Company + , Solar + , Distributed Solar Power Generation using miniature concentrated photovoltaic systems + , which will also...

396

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with interests in wind project development + , goethermal + , hydroelectric and solar power generation. + , Lehi + , Utah + Place Lehi, Utah + Product Power engineering firm...

397

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Identify and recommend methods to mitigate the disadvantages of air-cooling in the power cycles of the next generation of geothermal power plants. Geothermal...

398

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Company + , Renewable Energy + , Solar + , Wind energy + , Atlanta-based supplier of power generation and energy delivery technologies in all areas of the energy industry...

399

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

27.051214, -80.553389Latitude: 27.051214 Longitude: -80.553389 + Developer Florida Power & Light Co. + Facility Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center + FacilityStatus...

400

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GW, 1.0e-6 TW, 1.0e-9 PW, 1.0e-12 EW, 1.0e-15 ZW) + OpenEIPageDescription Saguargo Solar Power Plant: energy generation facility. OpenEIPageKeyword energy generation + , Solar +...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd + , Energy Company + , Involved in R&D on STEG and its commercialisation + , biogas power generation + , waste gas recovery and the production and sale of gas power units. +...

402

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Solar + , Designs and installs photovoltaic + , solar thermal and co-generation power generation systems for domestic use. + , New York + Place New York + Product Designs...

403

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy + , REG is an AIM-quoted renewable energy group that develops and invests in wind power generation and Bio-Power projects. + , Guildford + , Surrey + , England + , United...

404

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-81.7787021Latitude: 27.2142078 Longitude: -81.7787021 + Developer Florida Power & Light Co. + Facility DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center + FacilityType...

405

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIPageKeyword Makani Power + , Energy Company + , Wind energy + , High-altitude wind power generation + , Bay Area + , Alameda + , California + Place Alameda, California +...

406

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

wiki Jump to: navigation, search Cost and Performance of Carbon Dioxide Capture from Power Generation Abstract This report analyses techno-economic data for CO2 capture from...

407

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Company engadged in the investment + , construction + , operation and management of wind power generation projects. + , Jinan + , Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region + , China +...

408

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Co Ltd + , Energy Company + , Wind energy + , Jilin-based company focused on wind power generation and development of wind projects. + , Baicheng + , Jilin Province + ,...

409

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , US-based energy company + , which provides expertise in asset management of operating power generation projects for owners and financiers and development + , acquisition and...

410

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Description Purchased Power Charges Power Generatio ... Purchased Power Charges Power Generation & Transmission per kWh .063410 Purchased Power Adjustment Varies The...

411

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Tajik + , Tamashek + , Tamil + , Tatar + , Telugu + , Tereno + , Tetum + , Thai + , Tibetan + , Tigre + , Tigrinya + , Timne + , Tiv + , Tlingit + , Tok Pisin + ,...

412

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIPageKeyword Biofame Consulting Group Co Ltd + , Energy Company + , Biomass + , Thai project developer + , mainly into biomass and ethanol projects. + , Bangkok + ,...

413

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIPageKeyword Cellennium Co Ltd + , Energy Company + , Cellennium Co Ltd is a Thai company that has been researching Vanadium fuel cells. + , Bangkok + , Thailand + Place...

414

Browse the archive Show summaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Goooooogle EPR nuclear reactor The nuclear reactor featuring high safety, competitiveness standards www-lived nuclear waste. A fusion reactor would need just 100 grams of deuterium and 3 tons of natural lithium for the 10bn reactor comes after an 18-month-battle between the EU and Japan, and two decades after Mikhail

415

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Purchase Program (Ohio) + , AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Technology Program (Ohio) + , APS - Net Metering (Arizona) + , APS - Renewable...

416

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... » Hide Thumbnails. Thumbnail, Environment; Waste Processing; Drugs in Wastewater; Bedner, created 9/28/2004, entered 11/2/2004. ...

417

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in Kentucky. In 2012, KGS conducted a test of carbon dioxide enhanced natural gas recovery in the Devonian Ohio Shale, Johnson...

418

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1979 + ExplorationBasis To permit the lateral and vertical extrapolation of core and test data and bridged the gap between surface geophysical data and core analyses....

419

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pressure, recirculating, cavitation tunnel with a very low acoustic background level; test section pressure: 3.5-414 kPa (0.03 to 4 atmospheres, 0.5 to 60 psia); air content: 10%...

420

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

is a vertical plane, closed recirculating, variable-speed, variable-pressure, open jet test section, closed jet test section, and semi-rectangular test section. Test Services None...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

taken conse ... Analyses of eight well samples taken consecutively during the flow test showed an inverse correlation between NH3 and Cl concentrations. The last sample taken...

422

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

components. Optical measurement system for observing kinematics of a model under test in the wave mode. Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tow Tank + Length(m) 36.6 + Length...

423

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6 Applicable to Large Power Time of Day Interruptible Service; Rate Code 16: As of the Test Year ending December 2000, the Cooperative purchases capacity and energy for the Large...

424

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-4e91-be74-1ecc748de493 OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateName test + OpenEIUtilityRateTieredRateMonth1 1 + OpenEIUtilityRateTieredRateMonth10 1 +...

425

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a vertica ... The Circulating Water Channel is a vertical plane, open to the atmosphere test section with a free surface in a closed recirculating water circuit, variable speed,...

426

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for successful siting and ... As a foundation for successful siting and drilling a deep test well, additional geophysical work has been completed including gravity, resistivity,...

427

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subsonic Wind Tunnel is a continuous flow, closed-circuit facility with a closed jet test section. Test models may be supported by strut mounts using the external balance or by...

428

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration + NrelPartnerType Test & Evaluation Partner + OpenEIPageDescription Cambridge Design & Development: energy...

429

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration + NrelPartnerType Test & Evaluation Partner + OpenEIPageDescription City of Lincoln: energy company profile....

430

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , National technology centre offering commercial grade foundry + , design + , test + , and fabrication services in III-V semiconductor and silicon based materials. + ,...

431

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

requests, a ... made when residential customer requests, and KPUB performs, a meter test and the meter is found to be within the accuracy standards of the American National...

432

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that link here Flying Cloud Wind Farm + , Intrepid Wind Farm + , Liberty Turbine Test Wind Farm + Developer Endeavor (3Q07) Wind Farm + , Liberty Turbine Test Wind Farm + ,...

433

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1979 + ExplorationBasis Permitted the lateral and vertical extrapolation of core and test data and bridged the gap between surface geophysical data and core analyses....

434

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

station + , wind-PV power station + , as well as design + , installation + , debug and test. + , Xining + , Qinghai Province + , China + Place Xining, Qinghai Province, China +...

435

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with resorber, variable-speed, variable-pressure, two interchangeable circular test sections. Test Services None + Towing Capabilities None + Velocity(ms) 25.8 + Water...

436

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on personnel requirements + Depth(m) 0.6 + Description Various sensors available on a test-by-test basis Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Flume + Integrated DisplayGraphics...

437

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and operation of teststands for cryogenic technologies + , especially hydrogen + , test of hydrogentanks for automobiles. + , Brunnthal-Nord + , Bavaria + , Germany + Place...

438

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

useful + ExplorationTechnique Compound and Elemental Analysis + Notes In order to test FIS for geothermal explor ... In order to test FIS for geothermal exploration, drill...

439

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

... Four formation water samples were collected from well 56-4, during an airlift test which took place between November 11 and November 14, 2007. One sample was taken from...

440

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Residential + OpenEIUtilityRateSource Media:UtilityRateAPCo-WPCo-July-2008-Tariff-Book.pdf|UtilityRateAPCo-WPCo-July-2008-Tariff-Book.pdf OpenEIUtilityRate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityRateSource http:www.cityofclaycenter.comCodes-Ordinances-PoliciesCity-Code-Book-Articlesdocumentsch-15-utilities.pdf OpenEIUtilityRateTOUWeekdaySchedule...

442

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ OpenEIUtilityRateSource Sec. 38-453; http:library.municode.comHTML14514book.html OpenEIUtilityRateStartDate 5 January 2010 + OpenEIUtilityRate...

443

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mobile + , Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center + , Biomass Energy Data Book + , Biopower Tool Webinar + , Brazil-US Lab Consortium Activities + , Building Energy...

444

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ OpenEIUtilityRateSource http:www.sterlingcodifiers.comcodebookindex.php?bookid832 OpenEIUtilityRateTOUWeekdaySchedule 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111...

445

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research and Forecasting (WRF)-Chem Modeling in Mexico + Developer Hydrogen Energy Data Book + , U.S. DOE Hydropower Program + Partner PNNL + redirect page Enter the name of the...

446

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evaluation + , State-level Benefits of Renewable Energy + , Transportation Energy Data Book + , Wind Energy Data and Information Gateway (WENDI) + Developer Bioenergy KDF + ,...

447

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.comwimages448UtilityRateAnnArborCompleteBookdetroitEdisonTariff.pdf OpenEIUtilityRateStartDate 21 December 2011 + OpenEI...

448

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial + OpenEIUtilityRateSource Media:UtilityRateAPCo-WPCo-July-2008-Tariff-Book.pdf|UtilityRateAPCo-WPCo-July-2008-Tariff-Book.pdf OpenEIUtilityRate...

449

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ OpenEIUtilityRateSource http:www.sterlingcodifiers.comcodebookindex.php?bookid282http:www.sterlingcodifiers.comcodebookindex.php?bookid282 OpenEI...

450

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Residential + OpenEIUtilityRateSource Media:UtilityRateNSP (excel) Tariff Book.pdf|UtilityRateNSP (excel) Tariff Book.pdf OpenEIUtilityRateTOURatePeriod1Buy...

451

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.comwimages448UtilityRateAnnArborCompleteBookdetroitEdisonTariff.pdf OpenEIUtilityRateStartDate 14 January 2009 + OpenEI...

452

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

No abstract prepared. Author John Travis Finger + , Eddie Ross Hoover + Document type Book + Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. Annex 7 - The Iea'S Role...

453

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , J.K.; Donaldson + , P.R.; Kinkley + , D.L.; Wallace + , T.L. + Document type Book + FoafPage http:scienceaccelerator.govdsalink.html?collectionCodeDOE-ECD&searchId...

454

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2011 18:57:02 + hide properties that link here 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book + , A Municipal Official's Guide to Diesel Idling Reduction + , APEC-Alternative...

455

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Power Technologies Energy Data Book. The data book is an excellent source of consistent information on renewable energy...

456

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

... Dam safety in Florida is a shared responsibility among the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), the regional water management districts, the United...

457

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ContAddr 235 Promenade Street, Providence,RI, 02908 + IncentiveContDept Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveContDiv Planning and Development + Incentive...

458

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

200 Fair Oaks L., 2nd Floor, Frankfort, KY, 40601 + IncentiveContDept Department for Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Division of Waste Management + Incentive...

459

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ContDept Department of Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Water and Waste Management -- Environmental Enforcement + IncentiveContEmail brian.r.long@wv.gov +...

460

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ContAddr 235 Promenade Street, Providence, RI, 02908 + IncentiveContDept Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveContDiv Office of Air Resources + IncentiveContEmail...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

libdepairregulationsmainregssec22c.pdf + IncentiveContDept Department of Energy & Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Bureau of Air Management + IncentiveContName...

462

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

200 Fair Oaks Ln., 2nd Floor, Frankfort, KY, 40601 + IncentiveContDept Department for Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Division of Waste Management + Incentive...

463

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IncentiveContDept Department of Energy and Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Environmental Protection Division; Bureau of Air Management + IncentiveContEmail...

464

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

libdepairregulationsmainregssec3a.pdf + IncentiveContDept Department of Energy & Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Bureau of Air Management + IncentiveContName...

465

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

libdepairregulationsmainregssec29.pdf + IncentiveContDept Department of Energy & Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Bureau of Air Management + IncentiveContName...

466

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search National Forest Management Act of 1976 Name National Forest Management Act of 1976 + YearFounded 1976 + Categories Federal Environmental Statutes + ,...

467

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Act (Texas) + IncentivePolicyType Other Policy + IncentiveProgAdmin Texas Commission on Environmental Quality + IncentiveSummary This Act encourages the establishment of r ......

468

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industrial + IncentiveContAddr 4171 Commanders Drive + IncentiveContDept Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveContEmail coastal@adem.state.al.us + Incentive...

469

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generation Facilities (Rhode Island) + IncentiveProgAdmin Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveSummary This rule applies to any generator that: (...

470

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ContAddr 2600 Bull Street + IncentiveContDept South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control + IncentiveContDiv Ocean & Coastal Resource Management + Incentive...

471

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and succeeding generations. zone for this and succeeding generations. Name Coastal Zone Management Act + YearFounded 1972 + Categories Federal Environmental Statutes + , Oil and...

472

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

libdepairregulationsmainregssec4.pdf + IncentiveContDept Department of Energy & Environmental Protection + IncentiveContDiv Bureau of Air Management + IncentiveContName...

473

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

commercial, housing, recreational, or other facilities. Prior approval by Department of Environmental Management is required for sewage disposal facilities involved with the...

474

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

www.in.govlegislativeiccodetitle13ar17 + IncentiveCont2Dept Indiana Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveCont2Div Air Pollution Control Board - Chairman +...

475

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

235 Promenade, Street Providence, RI, 02908-5767 + IncentiveContDept Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveContDiv Office of air Resources + IncentiveContEmail...

476

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Alabama) + IncentivePolicyType Other Policy + IncentiveProgAdmin Alabama Department of Environmental Management + IncentiveSummary This rule states standards for emission in...

477

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Utility + IncentiveContAddr 20 McGloin Street + IncentiveContDept New Brunswick Environment and Local Government + IncentiveContDiv Climate Change Secretariat and Green...

478

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ewebeditproitemsO117F6511.pdf + IncentiveContDept New Mexico Environment Department + IncentiveContDiv Energy & Environment Coordinator + Incentive...

479

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ContAddr 135 St. Clair Avenue West + IncentiveContDept Ontario Ministry of the Environment + IncentiveContEmail anne.neary@ontario.ca + IncentiveContName Anne Neary +...

480

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility + , Rural Electric Cooperative + , Utility + IncentiveContDept Nova Scotia Environment + IncentiveContDiv Air Quality Branch + IncentiveContEmail air@gov.ns.ca +...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gan m1 browse" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Investor-Owned Utility + , Utility + IncentiveAuth2Code Rule of the Department of Environment and Conservation 0400-20-10 + IncentiveAuth2DtEff 05012012 + Incentive...

482

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grant Program + IncentiveAuthDtEff 2011 + IncentiveAuthLink http:www.tn.govenvironmentenergygrants + IncentiveContAddr Tennessee Department of Environment and...

483

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ContAddr 11 Kent Street + IncentiveContDept Prince Edward Island Department of Environment, Labour and Justice + IncentiveContDiv Air Quality Permits + IncentiveContPlace...

484

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

locator uses an address based search to find alternative fueling stations including E85 Ethanol, Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas, Liquified Petroleum Gas, Liquified Natural...

485

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Beckons Industries Ltd + , Energy Company + , Biofuels + , India-based algae technology developer for biofuels. + , Mohali + , Chandigarh + , India + Place Mohali,...

486

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Survey + , Definition:Air Cooling + , Definition:Airborne Gravity Survey + , Definition:Algae + , Definition:Algae fuel + , Definition:Alternating current + , Definition:Alternativ...

487

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioEnergy's primary focus is to develop hydrogen + , methane and biodiesel fuels from algae. + , Bloomington + , Indiana + Place Bloomington, Indiana + Product Solarvest...

488

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Solar + , The Aurantia Group is involved with a wide range of projects dealing with algae biomass + , solar technology + , landfill gas + , and municipal solid waste. + ,...

489

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

company that manufactures and sells closed-loop photobioreactor systems for growing algae. + , Santa Ana + , California + Place Santa Ana, California + Product California-based...

490

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DKRW Advanced Fuels LLC + , Energy Company + , Focues on projects that utilise coal gasification technology + , including coal-to-liquids + , methanation + , and...

491

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription General Service - Coal Bed Methane (CBM) S ... General Service - Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Single Phase...

492

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateDemandRateUnit kW + OpenEIUtilityRateDescription General Service - Coal Bed Methane Three P ... General Service - Coal Bed Methane Three Phase Applicability:...

493

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

have been related with less permeable zones in the SW of Cinco Picos and Guilherme Moniz caldera walls. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All...

494

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , with activities in hydrogen production and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) facilities. + , Cincinnati + , Ohio + Place Cincinnati, Ohio + Product Gasification...

495

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance Network Geothermal Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs...

496

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thumbnail, Gasoline-powered portable generators, created 3/2008, entered 3/4 ... Chemistry; Breast Cancer and Alcohol Consumption, created 2005 ...

497

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind View New Pages Recent Changes All...

498

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

boilers, coal, oil, or natural gas-fired boiler steam generators require a permit. Gas turbines, as well as simple cycle combined with heat recovery steam turbine require...

499

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

system installation branch of Fujipream; also involved with wind + , fuel cells and micro gas turbine installations. + , Kyoto + , Japan + Place Kyoto, Japan + Product The PV...

500

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

no other electrical device except electric space heating, electric air conditioning humidity control equipment or electric water heating equipment may be connected. Electric...