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Sample records for gamma log image

  1. Technical evaluation of software for gamma-ray logging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stromswold, D.C.

    1994-05-01

    This report contains results of a technical review of software, identified as LGCALC, that processes data collected by a high-resolution gamma-ray borehole logging system. The software presently operates within Westinghouse Hanford Company, Department of Geosciences, to process data collected by the Radionuclide Logging System. The software has been reviewed for its suitability for processing data to be collected by new high-resolution gamma-ray logging trucks scheduled to begin operational tests within Westinghouse Tank Waste Remediation Systems during 1994. Examination of the program code and hands-on operational tests have shown that this software is suitable for its intended use of processing high-resolution gamma-ray data obtained from borehole logging. Most of the code requires no changes, but in a few limited cases, suggestions have been made to correct errors or improve operation. Section 4 describes these changes. The technical review has confirmed the appropriateness, correctness, completeness, and coding accuracy of algorithms used to process spectral gamma-ray data, leading to a calculation of subsurface radionuclide contaminants. Running the program with test data from calibration models has confirmed that the program operates correctly. Comparisons with hand calculations have shown the correctness of the output from the program, based on known input data. Section 3 describes these tests. The recommended action is to make the near term programming changes suggested in Section 4.1 and then use the LGCALC analysis program with the new high-resolution logging systems once they have been properly calibrated.

  2. Gamma-Ray Logging Workshop (February 1981) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive Compensation References: FARWashers |Gamma-Ray Logging Workshop

  3. COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings:...

  4. Temperatures and Natural Gamma-Ray Logs Obtained in 1986 from...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and following drilling and possibly to ground shaking associated with present and past seismic activity in the Long Valley region.Natural gamma-ray logs obtained on four...

  5. Gamma-ray Imaging Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vetter, K; Mihailescu, L; Nelson, K; Valentine, J; Wright, D

    2006-10-05

    In this document we discuss specific implementations for gamma-ray imaging instruments including the principle of operation and describe systems which have been built and demonstrated as well as systems currently under development. There are several fundamentally different technologies each with specific operational requirements and performance trade offs. We provide an overview of the different gamma-ray imaging techniques and briefly discuss challenges and limitations associated with each modality (in the appendix we give detailed descriptions of specific implementations for many of these technologies). In Section 3 we summarize the performance and operational aspects in tabular form as an aid for comparing technologies and mapping technologies to potential applications.

  6. Log-Gamma Polymer Free Energy Fluctuations via a Fredholm Determinant Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borodin, Alexei

    We prove that under n[superscript 1/3] scaling, the limiting distribution as n ? ? of the free energy of Seppalainen’s log-Gamma discrete directed polymer is GUE Tracy-Widom. The main technical innovation we provide is a ...

  7. Outline Directed polymers Log-gamma polymer KPZ equation Fluctuation exponents for certain 1+1 dimensional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seppäläinen, Timo

    Outline Directed polymers Log-gamma polymer KPZ equation Fluctuation exponents for certain 1+1 dimensional directed polymers Timo Sepp¨al¨ainen Department of Mathematics University of Wisconsin-Madison MSRI December 2010 Fluctuation exponents for polymers 1/36 #12;Outline Directed polymers Log

  8. Search Log Analysis of the ARTstor Cultural Heritage Image Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Heather Ann

    2013-01-01

    Patterns in a Digital Image Database. Information RetrievalCultural Heritage Image Database A thesis submitted inCultural Heritage Image Database by Heather Ann Lowe Master

  9. Integrating User Feedback Log into Relevance Feedback by Coupled SVM for Content-Based Image Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyu, Michael R.

    , the user feedback log is one of the most important resources to bridge the seman- tic gap problem in image to re- peat many rounds of feedback in order to achieve satisfac- tory results. Hence, the learning task

  10. On the possible exceptions for the transcendence of the log-gamma function at rational values and its consequences for the transcendence of $ \\log{\\pi} $ and $ \\pi e $

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lima, F M S

    2009-01-01

    In a recent work published in this journal [JNT \\textbf{129}, 2154 (2009)], it has been argued that the numbers $\\log{\\Gamma(x)} + \\log{\\Gamma(1-x)}$, $x$ being a rational number between 0 and 1, are transcendental with at most \\emph{one} possible exception, but the proof presented there is \\emph{incorrect}. Here in this paper, I point out the mistake committed in that proof and I present a theorem that establishes the transcendence of those numbers, with at most \\emph{two} possible exceptions. This yields a criteria for the algebraicity of $\\log{\\pi}$, a number that presently is not known even to be irrational. I also show that each pair $\\{\\log{[\\pi/\\sin(\\pi x)]}, \\log{[\\pi/\\sin(\\pi y)]}\\}$ contains at least one transcendental number, e.g. $\\{\\log{\\pi}, \\log{(2 \\pi)} \\}$. With respect to this pair, I show that if $ \\log{(k \\pi)}$ is algebraic for some non-zero algebraic $k$ then the product $\\pi e$, another number whose irrationality is not proved, has to be transcendental.

  11. ARTICLE IN PRESS YJNTH:3811 Please cite this article in press as: S. Gun et al., Transcendence of the log gamma function and some discrete periods, J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murty, Ram

    ARTICLE IN PRESS YJNTH:3811 Please cite this article in press as: S. Gun et al., Transcendence.elsevier.com/locate/jnt Transcendence of the log gamma function and some discrete periods Sanoli Gun 1,2 , M. Ram Murty ,3 , Purusottam-mail addresses: sanoli@imsc.res.in (S. Gun), murty@mast.queensu.ca (M.R. Murty), rath@cmi.ac.in (P. Rath). 1

  12. Imaging system for cardiac planar imaging using a dedicated dual-head gamma camera

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw (Morgantown, VA); Umeno, Marc M. (Woodinville, WA)

    2011-09-13

    A cardiac imaging system employing dual gamma imaging heads co-registered with one another to provide two dynamic simultaneous views of the heart sector of a patient torso. A first gamma imaging head is positioned in a first orientation with respect to the heart sector and a second gamma imaging head is positioned in a second orientation with respect to the heart sector. An adjustment arrangement is capable of adjusting the distance between the separate imaging heads and the angle between the heads. With the angle between the imaging heads set to 180 degrees and operating in a range of 140-159 keV and at a rate of up to 500kHz, the imaging heads are co-registered to produce simultaneous dynamic recording of two stereotactic views of the heart. The use of co-registered imaging heads maximizes the uniformity of detection sensitivity of blood flow in and around the heart over the whole heart volume and minimizes radiation absorption effects. A normalization/image fusion technique is implemented pixel-by-corresponding pixel to increase signal for any cardiac region viewed in two images obtained from the two opposed detector heads for the same time bin. The imaging system is capable of producing enhanced first pass studies, bloodpool studies including planar, gated and non-gated EKG studies, planar EKG perfusion studies, and planar hot spot imaging.

  13. Fiber fed x-ray/gamma ray imaging apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hailey, Charles J. (San Francisco, CA); Ziock, Klaus-Peter (Livermore, CA)

    1992-01-01

    X-ray/gamma ray imaging apparatus is disclosed for detecting the position, energy, and intensity of x-ray/gamma ray radiation comprising scintillation means disposed in the path of such radiation and capable of generating photons in response to such radiation; first photodetection means optically bonded to the scintillation means and capable of generating an electrical signal indicative of the intensity, and energy of the radiation detected by the scintillation means; second photodetection means capable of generating an electrical signal indicative of the position of the radiation in the radiation pattern; and means for optically coupling the scintillation means to the second photodetection means. The photodetection means are electrically connected to control and storage means which may also be used to screen out noise by rejecting a signal from one photodetection means not synchronized to a signal from the other photodetection means; and also to screen out signals from scattered radiation.

  14. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Log NERSC-8 Trinity Benchmarks Change Log 09032013 Correction applied to MiniDFT web-page (to remove inconsistency with MiniDFT README). Capability Improvement...

  15. Object-Based Image Analysis of Downed Logs in Disturbed Forested Landscapes Using Lidar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2011-01-01

    spectral and non-spectral ancillary information. Photogramm.OBIA software that supports ancillary vector data and image

  16. Cluster of Gamma-ray Bursts - Image of a Source. Catalog of Clusters (Sources) of Gamma-ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kuznetsov

    2001-11-01

    The clusters of gamma-ray bursts are considered which are assumed to be images of the repeated gamma-ray burst (GRB) sources. It is shown, that localization of the cosmic gamma-ray burst sources (GBS) is determined by the clusters of GRBs. About 100 candidates in sources are presented in the form of the catalog, which is compiled relying on the base of the BATSE data up to middle of 2000. Gamma-ray bursts (from 5 to 13) of a cluster that display a source do not coincide in their position. The catalog table containing basic information about the GRB sources yields the possibility to research the GBS properties and their identification. The birth of GRBs in the clusters allows predicting the appearance of GRBs both in time and space. Most general properties of the supposed GRB sources are discussed. An attempt to compile the first GRB source catalog is made.

  17. Gamma-ray imaging system. Innovative technology summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    The RadScan 600 gamma-ray imaging system is designed to survey large surface areas for radiological contamination with accuracy and efficiency. The resulting survey data are clear, concise, and precise in describing how much contamination is present at exact locations. Data can be permanently stored electronically and on video tape, making storage and retrieval economical and efficient. This technology can perform accurate measurements in high radiation contamination areas while minimizing worker exposure. The RadScan 600 system is a safe and effective alternative to hand-held radiation detection devices. Performance data of the demonstrated survey area of the RadScan 600 system versus the baseline, which is the hand-held radiation detection devices (RO-2 and RO-7) for a given survey, production rate is 72% of the baseline. It should be noted that the innovative technology provides 100% coverage at a unit cost of $8.64/m{sup 2} versus a static measurement of a unit cost of $1.61/m{sup 2} for the baseline.

  18. Systems for increasing the sensitivity of gamma-ray imagers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mihailescu, Lucian; Vetter, Kai M.; Chivers, Daniel H.

    2012-12-11

    Systems that increase the position resolution and granularity of double sided segmented semiconductor detectors are provided. These systems increase the imaging resolution capability of such detectors, either used as Compton cameras, or as position sensitive radiation detectors in imagers such as SPECT, PET, coded apertures, multi-pinhole imagers, or other spatial or temporal modulated imagers.

  19. Gamma Log | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Flint1987) |

  20. High spatial resolution X-ray and gamma ray imaging system using diffraction crystals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smither, Robert K. (Hinsdale, IL)

    2011-05-17

    A method and a device for high spatial resolution imaging of a plurality of sources of x-ray and gamma-ray radiation are provided. The device comprises a plurality of arrays, with each array comprising a plurality of elements comprising a first collimator, a diffracting crystal, a second collimator, and a detector.

  1. Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ke; Feng, Wei; Han, Dong

    2014-01-01

    Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  2. Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke Wang; Zheng Li; Wei Feng; Dong Han

    2014-04-17

    Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  3. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohnCeremony TheChallenges andChange LogChange

  5. High-resolution single photon planar and spect imaging of brain and neck employing a system of two co-registered opposed gamma imaging heads

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw (Yorktown, VA); Proffitt, James (Newport News, VA)

    2011-12-06

    A compact, mobile, dedicated SPECT brain imager that can be easily moved to the patient to provide in-situ imaging, especially when the patient cannot be moved to the Nuclear Medicine imaging center. As a result of the widespread availability of single photon labeled biomarkers, the SPECT brain imager can be used in many locations, including remote locations away from medical centers. The SPECT imager improves the detection of gamma emission from the patient's head and neck area with a large field of view. Two identical lightweight gamma imaging detector heads are mounted to a rotating gantry and precisely mechanically co-registered to each other at 180 degrees. A unique imaging algorithm combines the co-registered images from the detector heads and provides several SPECT tomographic reconstructions of the imaged object thereby improving the diagnostic quality especially in the case of imaging requiring higher spatial resolution and sensitivity at the same time.

  6. Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    tensile wall fractures, and were adequate to detect stratigraphic features. Density, photo-electric factor (PEF), neutron, and gamma ray (GR) logs provided sufficient...

  7. An evolution of technologies and applications of gamma imagers in the nuclear cycle industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, R. A. [AREVA/CANBERRA - Nuclear Measurements Business Unit (France); Carrel, F. [CEA, LIST, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Menaa, N.; De Toro, D. [AREVA/CANBERRA - Nuclear Measurements Business Unit (France); Schoepff, V.; Gmar, M. [CEA, LIST, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Varet, T. [AREVA/Nuclear Site Value Development Business Unit (France); Toubon, H. [AREVA/CANBERRA - Nuclear Measurements Business Unit (France)

    2011-07-01

    The tracking of radiation contamination and distribution has become a high priority in the nuclear cycle industry in order to respect the ALARA principle which is a main challenge during decontamination and dismantling activities. To support this need, AREVA/CANBERRA and CEA LIST have been actively carrying out research and development on a gamma-radiation imager. In this paper we will present the new generation of gamma camera, called GAMPIX. This system is based on the Timepix chip, hybridized with a CdTe substrate. A coded mask could be used in order to increase the sensitivity of the camera. Moreover, due to the USB connection with a standard computer, this gamma camera is immediately operational and user-friendly. The final system is a very compact gamma camera (global weight is less than 1 kg without any shielding) which could be used as a hand-held device for radioprotection purposes. In this article, we present the main characteristics of this new generation of gamma camera and we expose experimental results obtained during in situ measurements. Even though we present preliminary results the final product is under industrialization phase to address various applications specifications. (authors)

  8. Monte Carlo modeling of neutron and gamma-ray imaging systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, J.

    1996-04-01

    Detailed numerical prototypes are essential to design of efficient and cost-effective neutron and gamma-ray imaging systems. We have exploited the unique capabilities of an LLNL-developed radiation transport code (COG) to develop code modules capable of simulating the performance of neutron and gamma-ray imaging systems over a wide range of source energies. COG allows us to simulate complex, energy-, angle-, and time-dependent radiation sources, model 3-dimensional system geometries with ``real world`` complexity, specify detailed elemental and isotopic distributions and predict the responses of various types of imaging detectors with full Monte Carlo accuray. COG references detailed, evaluated nuclear interaction databases allowingusers to account for multiple scattering, energy straggling, and secondary particle production phenomena which may significantly effect the performance of an imaging system by may be difficult or even impossible to estimate using simple analytical models. This work presents examples illustrating the use of these routines in the analysis of industrial radiographic systems for thick target inspection, nonintrusive luggage and cargoscanning systems, and international treaty verification.

  9. Compact, high-resolution, gamma ray imaging for scintimammography and other medical diagostic applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Weisenberger, Andrew G. (Grafton, VA); Wojcik, Randolph F. (Yorktown, VA); Steinbach, Daniela (Williamsburg, VA)

    1999-01-01

    A high resolution gamma ray imaging device includes an aluminum housing, a lead screen collimator at an opened end of the housing, a crystal scintillator array mounted behind the lead screen collimator, a foam layer between the lead screen collimator and the crystal scintillator array, a photomultiplier window coupled to the crystal with optical coupling grease, a photomultiplier having a dynode chain body and a base voltage divider with anodes, anode wire amplifiers each connected to four anodes and a multi pin connector having pin connections to each anode wire amplifier. In one embodiment the crystal scintillator array includes a yttrium aluminum perovskite (YAP) crystal array. In an alternate embodiment, the crystal scintillator array includes a gadolinium oxyorthosilicate (GSO) crystal array.

  10. Image Logs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:HydrothermallyIFBIdea OneIllumitex Jump to:11)

  11. Logging-while-coring method and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, David S.; Myers, Gregory J.

    2007-01-30

    A method and apparatus for downhole coring while receiving logging-while-drilling tool data. The apparatus includes core collar and a retrievable core barrel. The retrievable core barrel receives core from a borehole which is sent to the surface for analysis via wireline and latching tool The core collar includes logging-while-drilling tools for the simultaneous measurement of formation properties during the core excavation process. Examples of logging-while-drilling tools include nuclear sensors, resistivity sensors, gamma ray sensors, and bit resistivity sensors. The disclosed method allows for precise core-log depth calibration and core orientation within a single borehole, and without at pipe trip, providing both time saving and unique scientific advantages.

  12. Logging-while-coring method and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, David S. (New York, NY); Myers, Gregory J. (Cornwall, NY)

    2007-11-13

    A method and apparatus for downhole coring while receiving logging-while-drilling tool data. The apparatus includes core collar and a retrievable core barrel. The retrievable core barrel receives core from a borehole which is sent to the surface for analysis via wireline and latching tool The core collar includes logging-while-drilling tools for the simultaneous measurement of formation properties during the core excavation process. Examples of logging-while-drilling tools include nuclear sensors, resistivity sensors, gamma ray sensors, and bit resistivity sensors. The disclosed method allows for precise core-log depth calibration and core orientation within a single borehole, and without at pipe trip, providing both time saving and unique scientific advantages.

  13. Compton DIV: Using a Compton-Based Gamma-Ray Imager for Design Information Verification of Uranium Enrichment Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burks, M; Verbeke, J; Dougan, A; Wang, T; Decman, D

    2009-07-04

    A feasibility study has been performed to determine the potential usefulness of Compton imaging as a tool for design information verification (DIV) of uranium enrichment plants. Compton imaging is a method of gamma-ray imaging capable of imaging with a 360-degree field of view over a broad range of energies. These systems can image a room (with a time span on the order of one hour) and return a picture of the distribution and composition of radioactive material in that room. The effectiveness of Compton imaging depends on the sensitivity and resolution of the instrument as well the strength and energy of the radioactive material to be imaged. This study combined measurements and simulations to examine the specific issue of UF{sub 6} gas flow in pipes, at various enrichment levels, as well as hold-up resulting from the accumulation of enriched material in those pipes. It was found that current generation imagers could image pipes carrying UF{sub 6} in less than one hour at moderate to high enrichment. Pipes with low enriched gas would require more time. It was also found that hold-up was more amenable to this technique and could be imaged in gram quantities in a fraction of an hour. another questions arises regarding the ability to separately image two pipes spaced closely together. This depends on the capabilities of the instrument in question. These results are described in detail. In addition, suggestions are given as to how to develop Compton imaging as a tool for DIV.

  14. Design and imaging performance of achromatic diffractive/refractive X-ray and Gamma-ray Fresnel lenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerald K. Skinner

    2004-07-21

    Achromatic combinations of a diffractive Phase Fresnel Lens and a refractive correcting element have been proposed for X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy and for microlithography, but considerations of absorption often dictate that the refractive component be given a stepped profile, resulting in a double Fresnel lens. The imaging performance of corrected Fresnel lenses, with and without `stepping' is investigated and the trade-off between resolution and useful bandwidth in different circumstances is discussed. Provided the focal ratio is large, correction lenses made of low atomic number materials can be used with X-rays in the range approximately 10--100 keV without stepping. The use of stepping extends the possibility of correction to higher aperture systems, to energies as low as a few kilo electron volts and to gamma-rays of $\\sim$ mega electron volt energy.

  15. M01506020006 log check dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    XY! ŹŤ 35-0027 M01506020006 log check dam M01506020007 log check dam M01506020001 log check dam M location Berm Channel/swale Check dam Sediment trap/basin Gabion Seed and mulch Cap Established vegetation

  16. October 2006 LOG MANAGEMENT: USING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Computer Security Log Management NIST's Information Technology Laboratory recently issued SpecialOctober 2006 LOG MANAGEMENT: USING COMPUTER AND NETWORK RECORDS TO IMPROVE INFORMATION SECURITY LOG MANAGEMENT: USING COMPUTER AND NETWORK RECORDS TO IMPROVE INFORMATION SECURITY Shirley Radack, Editor

  17. G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue A global legislator partnership for legal International http://www.illegal-logging.info/item_single.php?item=presentation&item_id=133&approach_id=8 #12;G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue Presentation purpose ˇ role of GLOBE International ˇ aim and objectives of the G8

  18. NMR logging apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walsh, David O; Turner, Peter

    2014-05-27

    Technologies including NMR logging apparatus and methods are disclosed. Example NMR logging apparatus may include surface instrumentation and one or more downhole probes configured to fit within an earth borehole. The surface instrumentation may comprise a power amplifier, which may be coupled to the downhole probes via one or more transmission lines, and a controller configured to cause the power amplifier to generate a NMR activating pulse or sequence of pulses. Impedance matching means may be configured to match an output impedance of the power amplifier through a transmission line to a load impedance of a downhole probe. Methods may include deploying the various elements of disclosed NMR logging apparatus and using the apparatus to perform NMR measurements.

  19. Geothermal Well Logging: Geological Wireline Logs and Fracture Imaging |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessment In HawaiiSaltonOpen Energy

  20. Logging in to Franklin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC)Lodging Lodging Meeting Hotel -LoggingLogging

  1. ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to feed the country's enormous timber processing mills. Indonesia's paper and pulp industry has a record products. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the logging, wood, paper and cabinetry industries have lost 242,000 jobs, or roughly 23 percent of its workforce, since 2006.viii Conservative

  2. OPTIMIZATION OF VIRTUAL FRISCH-GRID CdZnTe DETECTOR DESIGNS FOR IMAGING AND SPECTROSCOPY OF GAMMA RAYS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BOLOTNIKOV,A.E.; ABDUL-JABBAR, N.M.; BABALOLA, S.; CAMARDA, G.S.; CUI, Y.; HOSSAIN, A.; JACKSON, E.; JACKSON, H.; JAMES, J.R.; LURYI, A.L.; JAMES, R.B.

    2007-08-21

    In the past, various virtual Frisch-grid designs have been proposed for cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) and other compound semiconductor detectors. These include three-terminal, semi-spherical, CAPture, Frisch-ring, capacitive Frisch-grid and pixel devices (along with their modifications). Among them, the Frisch-grid design employing a non-contacting ring extended over the entire side surfaces of parallelepiped-shaped CZT crystals is the most promising. The defect-free parallelepiped-shaped crystals with typical dimensions of 5x5{approx}12 mm3 are easy to produce and can be arranged into large arrays used for imaging and gamma-ray spectroscopy. In this paper, we report on further advances of the virtual Frisch-grid detector design for the parallelepiped-shaped CZT crystals. Both the experimental testing and modeling results are described.

  3. Dual isotope notch observer for isotope identification, assay and imaging with mono-energetic gamma-ray sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barty, Christopher P.J.

    2013-02-05

    A dual isotope notch observer for isotope identification, assay and imaging with mono-energetic gamma-ray sources includes a detector arrangement consists of three detectors downstream from the object under observation. The latter detector, which operates as a beam monitor, is an integrating detector that monitors the total beam power arriving at its surface. The first detector and the middle detector each include an integrating detector surrounding a foil. The foils of these two detectors are made of the same atomic material, but each foil is a different isotope, e.g., the first foil may comprise U235 and second foil may comprise U238. The integrating detectors surrounding these pieces of foil measure the total power scattered from the foil and can be similar in composition to the final beam monitor. Non-resonant photons will, after calibration, scatter equally from both foils.

  4. Internet Data logging and Display 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeney, J., Jr.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.

    2001-01-01

    The current energy savings technology relies on conventional data logging systems, in which two major barriers exist. Formost is the fact that retrieving the energy data is not convenient, and the cost of the data logging ...

  5. Logging in to Edison

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC)Lodging Lodging Meeting Hotel -Logging

  6. Coiled-tubing logging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, E.P.; Smith, L.J.; Blount, C.G.

    1988-03-01

    Techniques have been developed to use coiled tubing containing a seven-conductor wireline to facilitate logging operations. Equipment has been designed to permit the connection of conventional logging tools to the tubing and the recording of logs. Operating techniques have been developed and applied under various wellbore conditions. The system allows traditional log measurements in a well while wellbore conditions are controlled. Advantages of the system include reduced wellbore pressure during peroration to maximize perforation performance; lubrication during pulling or pushing a logging tool through a borehole so that a more uniform velocity can be maintained with a logging sonde; continued circulation and thus borehole stability during logging; temperature reduction for improved reliability of logging sonde electronics in hot holes; and more stable positioning of perforation equipment. The ability of coiled tubing to push tools down highly deviated or horizontal wellbores makes logging or perforating feasible in these wells. Expenses can often be reduced with coiled-tubing logging because a rig is unnecessary during many operations.

  7. Coiled-tubing logging system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, E.P.; Smith, L.J.; Blount, C.G.

    1986-01-01

    Techniques have been developed which use coiled tubing containing a seven-conductor wireline to facilitate logging operations. Equipment has been designed which permits the connection of conventional logging tools to the tubing and the recording of logs. Also, operating techniques have been developed and applied under various wellbore conditions. The system allows traditional log measurements in a well while controlling wellbore conditions. Advantages of the system include: reduced wellbore pressure during perforation to minimize formation damage: lubrication while pulling or pushing a logging tool through a borehole so that a more uniform velocity can be maintained with a logging sonde; continued circulation and thus borehole stability while logging; temperature reduction for improved reliability of logging sonde electronics in hot holes; and more stable positioning of perforation equipment. The ability of coiled tubing to push tools down highly deviated, or even horizontal wellbores, makes logging or perforating feasible in these wells. Expenses can often be reduced with coiled-tubing logging, since a rig is unnecessary during many operations.

  8. MACHETE: A transit Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope to survey half of the Very High Energy $\\gamma$-ray sky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortina, J; Moralejo, A

    2015-01-01

    Current Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes for Very High Energy $\\gamma$-ray astrophysics are pointing instruments with a Field of View up to a few tens of sq deg. We propose to build an array of two non-steerable (drift) telescopes. Each of the telescopes would have a camera with a FOV of 5$\\times$60 sq deg oriented along the meridian. About half of the sky drifts through this FOV in a year. We have performed a Montecarlo simulation to estimate the performance of this instrument. We expect it to survey this half of the sky with an integral flux sensitivity of $\\sim$0.77\\% of the steady flux of the Crab Nebula in 5 years, an analysis energy threshold of $\\sim$150 GeV and an angular resolution of $\\sim$0.1$^{\\circ}$. For astronomical objects that transit over the telescope for a specific night, we can achieve an integral sensitivity of 12\\% of the Crab Nebula flux in a night, making it a very powerful tool to trigger further observations of variable sources using steerable IACTs or instruments at other w...

  9. Imaging and measuring the biophysical properties of Fc gamma receptors on single macrophages using atomic force microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Mi; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 ; Liu, Lianqing; Xi, Ning; Wang, Yuechao; Xiao, Xiubin; Zhang, Weijing

    2013-09-06

    Highlights: •Nanoscale cellular ultra-structures of macrophages were observed. •The binding affinities of Fc?Rs were measured directly on macrophages. •The nanoscale distributions of Fc?Rs were mapped on macrophages. -- Abstract: Fc gamma receptors (Fc?R), widely expressed on effector cells (e.g., NK cells, macrophages), play an important role in clinical cancer immunotherapy. The binding of Fc?Rs to the Fc portions of antibodies that are attached to the target cells can activate the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) killing mechanism which leads to the lysis of target cells. In this work, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to observe the cellular ultra-structures and measure the biophysical properties (affinity and distribution) of Fc?Rs on single macrophages in aqueous environments. AFM imaging was used to obtain the topographies of macrophages, revealing the nanoscale cellular fine structures. For molecular interaction recognition, antibody molecules were attached onto AFM tips via a heterobifunctional polyethylene glycol (PEG) crosslinker. With AFM single-molecule force spectroscopy, the binding affinities of Fc?Rs were quantitatively measured on single macrophages. Adhesion force mapping method was used to localize the Fc?Rs, revealing the nanoscale distribution of Fc?Rs on local areas of macrophages. The experimental results can improve our understanding of Fc?Rs on macrophages; the established approach will facilitate further research on physiological activities involved in antibody-based immunotherapy.

  10. April 27, 2010 Well Logging I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Garrett

    completing drilling) Logging While Drilling (LWD) Both use similar tools and each has its advantages seismic profile (VSP) ˇ Logging While Drilling (LWD) Standard Logs #12;4/26/2010 3 ˇ Nuclear Logs (VSP) ˇ Logging While Drilling (LWD) ˇ Nuclear Logs ˇ Sonic - Monopole - Dipole ˇ Electrical

  11. Well-log interpretation of carbonate reservoirs with bimodal porosity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tandircioglu, Ahmet

    1990-01-01

    ) in the flushed zone. The difference between the two was an INDUCTION RESISTIVITY SP-R-2 5 MV 9750 GAS EFFECT 4t W Run I SONIC g SW 26 58% 22 65% st Run 2 Figure 4-%ell-log responses from a Frio sandstone with bimodal porosity, Nueces County, Texas... ~ ~ ~ ' ~ ~ 23 Ol LIPF 5 OAMM* RAY SHIRE' IA POROSITY 55 15 OAL O 0 PORE ~ PERF Figure 9-Gamma-ray (GR), caliper(CAL), density porosity (gD), and neutron porosity (9N) logs through the Smackover in the Shirey 1A well, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana...

  12. Acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

    1988-01-01

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth3 s magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation . The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores.

  13. LOG HAZARD REGRESSION Huiying Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Nancy E.

    LOG HAZARD REGRESSION by Huiying Sun Ph.D, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, CHINA, 1991 .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA September, 1999 c flHuiying Sun, 1999 #12; Abstract We propose using

  14. Health Calculators & Logs - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Calculators & Logs Health Education & Wellness Downloads & Patient Materials Health & Productivity Health Calculators & Logs Body Mass Index Health Coaching Health Fairs and...

  15. Design of a near-field coded aperture cameras for high-resolution medical and industrial gamma-ray imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accorsi, Roberto, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    Coded Aperture Imaging is a technique originally developed for X-ray astronomy, where typical imaging problems are characterized by far-field geometry and an object made of point sources distributed over a mainly dark ...

  16. Gamma Log At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Rowley...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    part of the Continental Scientific Drilling Program (CSDP) to better understand the stratigraphy, structure, hydrothermal alteration, and subsurface architecture of the Valles...

  17. Gamma Log At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)Galveston Test

  18. briefing paper Controlling Illegal Logging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -producing countries, the inclusion of provisions on illegal logging in free trade agreements (in the US­Peru Free Trade Agreement for example), and public procurement policies for timber.4 Within Europe, discussion has to control imports of illegal timber. The EU's Action Plan on Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade

  19. Application of Two Phase (Liquid/Gas) Xenon Gamma-Camera for the Detection of Special Nuclear Material and PET Medical Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinsey, Daniel Nicholas

    2013-08-27

    The McKinsey group at Yale has been awarded a grant from DTRA for the building of a Liquid Xenon Gamma Ray Color Camera (LXe-GRCC), which combines state-of-the-art detection of LXe scintillation light and time projection chamber (TPC) charge readout. The DTRA application requires a movable detector and hence only a single phase (liquid) xenon detector can be considered in this case. We propose to extend the DTRA project to applications that allow a two phase (liquid/gas) xenon TPC. This entails additional (yet minimal) hardware and extension of the research effort funded by DTRA. The two phase detector will have better energy and angular resolution. Such detectors will be useful for PET medical imaging and detection of special nuclear material in stationary applications (e.g. port of entry). The expertise of the UConn group in gas phase TPCs will enhance the capabilities of the Yale group and the synergy between the two groups will be very beneficial for this research project as well as the education and research projects of the two universities. The LXe technology to be used in this project has matured rapidly over the past few years, developed for use in detectors for nuclear physics and astrophysics. This technology may now be applied in a straightforward way to the imaging of gamma rays. According to detailed Monte Carlo simulations recently performed at Yale University, energy resolution of 1% and angular resolution of 3 degrees may be obtained for 1.0 MeV gamma rays, using existing technology. With further research and development, energy resolution of 0.5% and angular resolution of 1.3 degrees will be possible at 1.0 MeV. Because liquid xenon is a high density, high Z material, it is highly efficient for scattering and capturing gamma rays. In addition, this technology scales elegantly to large detector areas, with several square meter apertures possible. The Yale research group is highly experienced in the development and use of noble liquid detectors for astrophysics, most recently in the XENON10 experiment. The existing facilities at Yale are fully adequate for the completion of this project. The facilities of the UConn group at the LNS at Avery Point include a (clean) lab for detector development and this group recently delivered an Optical Readout TPC (O-TPC) for research in Nuclear Astrophysics at the TUNL in Duke University. The machine shop at UConn will be used (free of charge) for producing the extra hardware needed for this project including grids and frames.

  20. Chemical logging of geothermal wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allen, Charles A. (Idaho Falls, ID); McAtee, Richard E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1981-01-01

    The presence of geothermal aquifers can be detected while drilling in geothermal formations by maintaining a chemical log of the ratio of the concentrations of calcium to carbonate and bicarbonate ions in the return drilling fluid. A continuous increase in the ratio of the concentrations of calcium to carbonate and bicarbonate ions is indicative of the existence of a warm or hot geothermal aquifer at some increased depth.

  1. Energy Citations Database (ECD) - Alerts Log On

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Log On You must Log On to use the ECD Alerts. Alerts provide users with e-mail notification of updates to the ECD in specific areas of interest. If you wish to receive an Alert and...

  2. Enhancing the quality of radiographic images acquired with point-like gamma-ray sources through correction of the beam divergence and attenuation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silvani, M. I.; Almeida, G. L.; Lopes, R. T.

    2014-11-11

    Radiographic images acquired with point-like gamma-ray sources exhibit a desirable low penumbra effects specially when positioned far away from the set object-detector. Such an arrangement frequently is not affordable due to the limited flux provided by a distant source. A closer source, however, has two main drawbacks, namely the degradation of the spatial resolution - as actual sources are only approximately punctual - and the non-homogeneity of the beam hitting the detector, which creates a false attenuation map of the object being inspected. This non-homogeneity is caused by the beam divergence itself and by the different thicknesses traversed the beam even if the object were an homogeneous flat plate. In this work, radiographic images of objects with different geometries, such as flat plates and pipes have undergone a correction of beam divergence and attenuation addressing the experimental verification of the capability and soundness of an algorithm formerly developed to generate and process synthetic images. The impact of other parameters, including source-detector gap, attenuation coefficient, ratio defective-to-main hull thickness and counting statistics have been assessed for specifically tailored test-objects aiming at the evaluation of the ability of the proposed method to deal with different boundary conditions. All experiments have been carried out with an X-ray sensitive Imaging Plate and reactor-produced {sup 198}Au and {sup 165}Dy sources. The results have been compared with other technique showing a better capability to correct the attenuation map of inspected objects unveiling their inner structure otherwise concealed by the poor contrast caused by the beam divergence and attenuation, in particular for those regions far apart from the vertical of the source.

  3. Bivariate Log Birnbaum-Saunders Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Debasis

    Bivariate Log Birnbaum-Saunders Distribution Debasis Kundu1 Abstract Univariate Birnbaum-Saunders distribution has received a considerable amount of attention in recent years. Rieck and Nedelman (1991, 'A log-linear model for the Birnbaum-Saunders distribution', Technometrics, 51-60) introduced a log Birnbaum- Saunders

  4. Log interpretation of shaly sandstones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Joel Foster

    1987-01-01

    and Gas, Arco Oil and Gas, and Sun Oil Companies for their contributions of cores, logs, and other valuable data. Their contributions were an immense help in formulating and supporting the ideas developed in my study. I also wish to express gratitute... from the Reese Oil and Gas Intracoastal Land ?2 well in the Bayou Cholpe field, West Baton Parish, Louisiana, and from the Arco Hankamer 630-1 well in Newton County, Texas. The cores were described and sampled for petrographic analysis. To determine...

  5. Mud Logging | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource HistoryCharleston,Peak UtilityLogging Jump to:

  6. Chemical Logging | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,Thermal GradientChateau Tebeau LLC Jump to:ConsortiumLogging

  7. Leak checker data logging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gannon, J.C.; Payne, J.J.

    1996-09-03

    A portable, high speed, computer-based data logging system for field testing systems or components located some distance apart employs a plurality of spaced mass spectrometers and is particularly adapted for monitoring the vacuum integrity of a long string of a superconducting magnets such as used in high energy particle accelerators. The system provides precise tracking of a gas such as helium through the magnet string when the helium is released into the vacuum by monitoring the spaced mass spectrometers allowing for control, display and storage of various parameters involved with leak detection and localization. A system user can observe the flow of helium through the magnet string on a real-time basis hour the exact moment of opening of the helium input valve. Graph reading can be normalized to compensate for magnet sections that deplete vacuum faster than other sections between testing to permit repetitive testing of vacuum integrity in reduced time. 18 figs.

  8. Leak checker data logging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gannon, Jeffrey C. (Arlington, TX); Payne, John J. (Waterman, IL)

    1996-01-01

    A portable, high speed, computer-based data logging system for field testing systems or components located some distance apart employs a plurality of spaced mass spectrometers and is particularly adapted for monitoring the vacuum integrity of a long string of a superconducting magnets such as used in high energy particle accelerators. The system provides precise tracking of a gas such as helium through the magnet string when the helium is released into the vacuum by monitoring the spaced mass spectrometers allowing for control, display and storage of various parameters involved with leak detection and localization. A system user can observe the flow of helium through the magnet string on a real-time basis hour the exact moment of opening of the helium input valve. Graph reading can be normalized to compensate for magnet sections that deplete vacuum faster than other sections between testing to permit repetitive testing of vacuum integrity in reduced time.

  9. A compact, discrete CsI(Tl) scintillator/Si photodiode gamma camera for breast cancer imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruber, Gregory J.

    2000-12-01

    Recent clinical evaluations of scintimammography (radionuclide breast imaging) are promising and suggest that this modality may prove a valuable complement to X-ray mammography and traditional breast cancer detection and diagnosis techniques. Scintimammography, however, typically has difficulty revealing tumors that are less than 1 cm in diameter, are located in the medial part of the breast, or are located in the axillary nodes. These shortcomings may in part be due to the use of large, conventional Anger cameras not optimized for breast imaging. In this thesis I present compact single photon camera technology designed specifically for scintimammography which strives to alleviate some of these limitations by allowing better and closer access to sites of possible breast tumors. Specific applications are outlined. The design is modular, thus a camera of the desired size and geometry can be constructed from an array (or arrays) of individual modules and a parallel hole lead collimator for directional information. Each module consists of: (1) an array of 64 discrete, optically-isolated CsI(Tl) scintillator crystals 3 x 3 x 5 mm{sup 3} in size, (2) an array of 64 low-noise Si PIN photodiodes matched 1-to-1 to the scintillator crystals, (3) an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) that amplifies the 64 photodiode signals and selects the signal with the largest amplitude, and (4) connectors and hardware for interfacing the module with a motherboard, thereby allowing straightforward computer control of all individual modules within a camera.

  10. Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrice Baudoin

    2012-02-07

    Log-Sobolev inequalities for subelliptic operators. Fabrice Baudoin. Purdue University. Georgia Tech Probability Seminar. Based on a joint work with M.

  11. Feasibility of VHE gamma ray detection by an array of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes using the fluorescence technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contreras, J L; Arqueros, F; López, M; Barrio, J A; Nievas, M

    2015-01-01

    The last 20 years have seen the development of new techniques in Astroparticle Physics providing access to the highest end of the electromagnetic spectrum. It has been shown that some sources emit photons up to energies close to 100 TeV. Yet the fluxes of these photons are incredibly low and new detection techniques are needed to go higher in energy. A new technique that would use the new generation of Cherenkov Telescopes, i.e., the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), is proposed to push further the energy frontier. It is based on the detection of the fluorescence radiation emitted in extensive air showers, a successful method used in ultra-high-energy cosmic ray experiments, like the Pierre Auger Observatory. It would complement the standard imaging atmospheric Cherenkov technique with only minor modifications of the hardware currently being developed for the CTA and would not imply significant extra costs during its planned operation.

  12. Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal Organization (ITTO), shippers in Indonesia are threatening to stop transporting logs if the government insists harvesting affects 700,000-850,000 hectares of forest per year in Indonesia, but widespread illegal logging

  13. Illegal timber logging in Vietnam: Who profits from forest privatization connected with a logging ban?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Illegal timber logging in Vietnam: Who profits from forest privatization connected with a logging the distribution of income from illegal timber logging in northern Vietnam. The Vietnamese government implemented actors' control over markets and power derived from state positions. I. Introduction Vietnam's forest

  14. Biomass from Logging Residue and Mill Residue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomass from Logging Residue and Mill Residue in East Texas, 2008 by Curtis L. VanderSchaaf, Forest Resource Analyst October 2009 #12;N Introduction The abundance of woody biomass from East Texas forests. This report represents the most current data on the availability of woody biomass in the form of logging

  15. Gamma bursts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colgate, S.A.; Petschek, A.G.

    1982-12-09

    The origin of cosmic gamma bursts is discussed. Radiation thermalization in magnetic fields, spectral mechanisms, and charge separation and photon heating are discussed. (GHT)

  16. Coal-log pipeline system development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, H.

    1991-12-01

    Project tasks include: (1) Perform the necessary testing and development to demonstrate that the amount of binder in coal logs can be reduced to 8% or lower to produce logs with adequate strength to eliminate breakage during pipeline transportation, under conditions experienced in long distance pipeline systems. Prior to conducting any testing and demonstration, grantee shall perform an information search and make full determination of all previous attempts to extrude or briquette coal, upon which the testing and demonstration shall be based. (2) Perform the necessary development to demonstrate a small model of the most promising injection system for coal-logs, and tests the logs produced. (3) Conduct economic analysis of coal-log pipeline, based upon the work to date. Refine and complete the economic model. (VC)

  17. The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Toward Ultra Short Gamma Ray Burst Ground Based De-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enomoto, Ryoji

    The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Toward Ultra Short Gamma Ray Burst Ground Based De- tection- liminary data taking started in November 2002. 1. Introduction Gamma-ray bursts observed with space Tcherenkovlightfromoneshower Few 100MeV gamma-rays Fig. 1. In an imaging telescope, -ray bursts should appear as a Cherenkov

  18. Gamma ray camera

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perez-Mendez, Victor (Berkeley, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A gamma ray camera for detecting rays emanating from a radiation source such as an isotope. The gamma ray camera includes a sensor array formed of a visible light crystal for converting incident gamma rays to a plurality of corresponding visible light photons, and a photosensor array responsive to the visible light photons in order to form an electronic image of the radiation therefrom. The photosensor array is adapted to record an integrated amount of charge proportional to the incident gamma rays closest to it, and includes a transparent metallic layer, photodiode consisting of a p-i-n structure formed on one side of the transparent metallic layer, and comprising an upper p-type layer, an intermediate layer and a lower n-type layer. In the preferred mode, the scintillator crystal is composed essentially of a cesium iodide (CsI) crystal preferably doped with a predetermined amount impurity, and the p-type upper intermediate layers and said n-type layer are essentially composed of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H). The gamma ray camera further includes a collimator interposed between the radiation source and the sensor array, and a readout circuit formed on one side of the photosensor array.

  19. Gamma ray camera

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perez-Mendez, V.

    1997-01-21

    A gamma ray camera is disclosed for detecting rays emanating from a radiation source such as an isotope. The gamma ray camera includes a sensor array formed of a visible light crystal for converting incident gamma rays to a plurality of corresponding visible light photons, and a photosensor array responsive to the visible light photons in order to form an electronic image of the radiation therefrom. The photosensor array is adapted to record an integrated amount of charge proportional to the incident gamma rays closest to it, and includes a transparent metallic layer, photodiode consisting of a p-i-n structure formed on one side of the transparent metallic layer, and comprising an upper p-type layer, an intermediate layer and a lower n-type layer. In the preferred mode, the scintillator crystal is composed essentially of a cesium iodide (CsI) crystal preferably doped with a predetermined amount impurity, and the p-type upper intermediate layers and said n-type layer are essentially composed of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H). The gamma ray camera further includes a collimator interposed between the radiation source and the sensor array, and a readout circuit formed on one side of the photosensor array. 6 figs.

  20. Formation mechanical properties and the sonic log

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elphick, R.Y.

    1988-11-01

    A program is presented that calculates the mechanical properties of reservoir rocks from sonic logs. The program was written in Microsoft BASIC and the source code for MS-DOS, Apple Macintosh, and Amiga personal computers is given.

  1. JourneyLog 64 5 Vehicle tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    JourneyLog 64 5 Vehicle tracking blinkx 8 Five years on Tomas Pfister 11 Graduate story Raspberry Pi 12 Exciting and engaging children to learn about computing Ring news 2 Note from the Editor

  2. Energy Citations Database (ECD) - Alerts Log On

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ECD Alerts Log On Alerts provide users with e-mail notification of updates to the ECD in specific areas of interest. If you wish to receive an Alert and are not registered, please...

  3. Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean energy can come from the sun. The energy in wind can make electricity. Bioenergy comes from plants we can turn into fuel. Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass We can use...

  4. Energy Efficiency in Log Homes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Efficiency in Log Homes Energy Efficiency in Log Homes April 13, 2012 - 11:29am Addthis Consider energy efficiency when designing or purchasing a log home. | Photo courtesy...

  5. Density Log At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Wilt...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Density Log At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Wilt & Haar, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Density Log At Valles...

  6. Well Log Data At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Shevenell...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Well Log Data At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Shevenell, Et Al., 1988) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Well Log Data...

  7. Green Energy Resources Inc formerly New York International Log...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Energy Resources Inc formerly New York International Log Lumber Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Energy Resources Inc (formerly New York International Log &...

  8. Well Log Data At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank & Niggemann...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Well Log Data At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank & Niggemann, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Well Log Data At Blue...

  9. Response transforms from comparative study of commercial pulsed-neutron-capture logging systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salaita, G.N. (Chevron Oil Field Research Co., La Habra, CA (United States))

    1992-09-01

    This paper reports that three generations of Schlumberger's Thermal Decay Time (TDT{sup SM}) logging devices - viz., TDT-K, TDT-M, and TDT-P - along with an Atlas Wireline PDK-100{sup SM} system were run in a Saudi Aramco well. The wellbore (8 1/2 in. with 7-in. casing) penetrated a sequence of clean sand, shaly sand, and shale streaks as exhibited by the openhole natural gamma ray log. The initial wellbore fluid was diesel. The fluid was then changed to brines of 42,000 and 176,000 ppm NaCl, respectively. Three repeat passes at a logging speed of 900 ft/hr were obtained by each device for each borehole liquid. As a result of this extensive comparative study, a set of departure curves and mathematical transforms was developed primarily for standardizing the various Schlumberger tools to a common reference logging system and/or borehole environment. The transforms were used beneficially to determine residual oil saturation (ROS) from time-lapse logs in a Saudi Aramco reservoir.

  10. Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the creation of special body for licensing export operations ˇ changes in the Federal Crime Code #12;RUSSIACombating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia http://www

  11. Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of special body for licensing export operations ˇ changes in the Federal Crime Code #12;RUSSIA ...A barbarianCombating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia #12;Primorsky

  12. The Impact of the Russian Log Export Tariff on the Global Market for Logs and Lumber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Impact of the Russian Log Export Tariff on the Global Market for Logs and Lumber CINTRAFOR News's Notes ....2 CINTRAFOR celebrates 25th aniversary Winter 2009 Russia contains the largest area of natural in Russia, estimated at 808,790,000 hectares, represents 20.5% of total global forest area and almost half

  13. The photographic capacity of a gamma Compton backscattering device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fajardo, E.; Nader, M. F.; Cristancho, F.; Gerl, J.

    2010-08-04

    A gamma Compton backscattering device is presented. It is shown that by fine-tuning several electronics parameters an image of recognizable geometry is obtained.

  14. Permeability extraction: A sonic log inversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbar, N.; Kim, J.J. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1994-12-31

    In this paper the authors provide the missing important link between permeability and acoustic velocities by generating a permeability-dependent synthetic sonic log in a carbonate reservoir. The computations are based on Akbar`s theory that relates wave velocity to frequency, rock properties (e.g., lithology, permeability, and porosity), and fluid saturation and properties (viscosity, density, and compressibility). An inverted analytical expression of the theory is used to extract permeability from sonic velocity. The synthetic sonic and the computed permeability are compared with the observed sonic log and with plug permeability, respectively. The results demonstrate, as predicted by theory, that permeability can be related directly to acoustic velocities.

  15. Logging of subterranean wells using coiled tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilla, J.

    1991-01-15

    This patent describes an apparatus for production logging of a well utilizing artificial lift in a wellbore. It comprises: coiled tubing extending into the wellbore having wireline electrical cable passing through a central bore thereof and having a remote end within the wellbore which end is connected to gas injector means. The wireline cable passing through the gas injector means to a flexible electrically conductive support spacer having an end portion remote from the gas injector means and logging means connected to the end portion of the support spacer.

  16. Gamma watermarking

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Wood, Lowell L.; Lougheed, Ronald W.; Moody, Kenton J.; Wang, Tzu-Fang

    2004-05-25

    A covert, gamma-ray "signature" is used as a "watermark" for property identification. This new watermarking technology is based on a unique steganographic or "hidden writing" digital signature, implemented in tiny quantities of gamma-ray-emitting radioisotopic material combinations, generally covertly emplaced on or within an object. This digital signature may be readily recovered at distant future times, by placing a sensitive, high energy-resolution gamma-ray detecting instrument reasonably precisely over the location of the watermark, which location may be known only to the object's owner; however, the signature is concealed from all ordinary detection means because its exceedingly low level of activity is obscured by the natural radiation background (including the gamma radiation naturally emanating from the object itself, from cosmic radiation and material surroundings, from human bodies, etc.). The "watermark" is used in object-tagging for establishing object identity, history or ownership. It thus may serve as an aid to law enforcement officials in identifying stolen property and prosecuting theft thereof. Highly effective, potentially very low cost identification-on demand of items of most all types is thus made possible.

  17. Abstract--We have recently completed a large-area, coded-aperture, gamma-ray imager for use in searching for radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, Berthold K.P.

    - strument [2] that makes a map of the radiation field as it trav- erses a region. The pixel size of the map in searching for radiation sources. The instrument was constructed to verify that weak point sources can sufficient radiation can reach a large gamma-ray detec- tor from a small source to make detection possible

  18. Search Log Analysis of the ARTstor Cultural Heritage Image Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Heather Ann

    2013-01-01

    Role of user feedback Library trends 48, no. 2: 438-452.Visual Model Matching. Library Trends 48, no. 2 (Fall): 303.library study that found over a quarter of users employed Boolean operators. In contrast, the trend

  19. Search Log Analysis of the ARTstor Cultural Heritage Image Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Heather Ann

    2013-01-01

    need as well as the information ecosystem may be driving howbest understand the information ecosystem of our users, we

  20. Search Log Analysis of the ARTstor Cultural Heritage Image Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Heather Ann

    2013-01-01

    When compiled into a thesaurus, these terms can be arrangedSubject Headings (LCSH), Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN), Union List of

  1. Image Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (2011) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:HydrothermallyIFBIdea OneIllumitex Jump to:11) Jump

  2. Formation Micro-Imager Logs (FMI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprint Ventures Jump to:45

  3. Image Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (2004) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei |source History View New Pages

  4. Biomass from Logging Residue and Mill Residue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a renewable energy resource or for chemical extraction. This report represents the most current data harvesting or are cut off the central stem of the tree due to a merchantability standard. Limbs refer for energy production or chemical extraction. Table 1 shows the logging residue available in East Texas

  5. Imaging

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeat Pumps Heat Pumpsfacility doe logo CH2M-WG logoImaging

  6. Imaging

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy, Ph.D.FoodHydropower,PrincipalIdahoImaging Print The

  7. Imaging

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy, Ph.D.FoodHydropower,PrincipalIdahoImaging Print

  8. INSPIRE and SPIRES Log File Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, Cole; /Wheaton Coll. /SLAC

    2012-08-31

    SPIRES, an aging high-energy physics publication data base, is in the process of being replaced by INSPIRE. In order to ease the transition from SPIRES to INSPIRE it is important to understand user behavior and the drivers for adoption. The goal of this project was to address some questions in regards to the presumed two-thirds of the users still using SPIRES. These questions are answered through analysis of the log files from both websites. A series of scripts were developed to collect and interpret the data contained in the log files. The common search patterns and usage comparisons are made between INSPIRE and SPIRES, and a method for detecting user frustration is presented. The analysis reveals a more even split than originally thought as well as the expected trend of user transition to INSPIRE.

  9. Chiral Gravity, Log Gravity and Extremal CFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Maloney; Wei Song; Andrew Strominger

    2009-03-26

    We show that the linearization of all exact solutions of classical chiral gravity around the AdS3 vacuum have positive energy. Non-chiral and negative-energy solutions of the linearized equations are infrared divergent at second order, and so are removed from the spectrum. In other words, chirality is confined and the equations of motion have linearization instabilities. We prove that the only stationary, axially symmetric solutions of chiral gravity are BTZ black holes, which have positive energy. It is further shown that classical log gravity-- the theory with logarithmically relaxed boundary conditions --has finite asymptotic symmetry generators but is not chiral and hence may be dual at the quantum level to a logarithmic CFT. Moreover we show that log gravity contains chiral gravity within it as a decoupled charge superselection sector. We normally evaluate the Euclidean sum over geometries of chiral gravity and show that it gives precisely the holomorphic extremal CFT partition function. The modular invariance and integrality of the expansion coefficients of this partition function are consistent with the existence of an exact quantum theory of chiral gravity. We argue that the problem of quantizing chiral gravity is the holographic dual of the problem of constructing an extremal CFT, while quantizing log gravity is dual to the problem of constructing a logarithmic extremal CFT.

  10. Acoustic Waveform Logging - Advances In Theory And Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, C. H.

    Full-waveform acoustic logging has made significant advances in both theory and application in recent years, and these advances have greatly increased the capability of log analysts to measure the physical properties of ...

  11. An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with Log-Squared Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with Log-Squared Communication Helger Lipmaa 1 Cybernetica AS, Lai 6-computation and communication (k ¡ log2 n + ¡ log n), where k is a possibly non-constant security parameter. The new proto- col communication and is private in the standard complexity-theoretic model. Keywords. Computationally

  12. An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with LogSquared Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    An Oblivious Transfer Protocol with Log­Squared Communication Helger Lipmaa 1 Cybernetica AS, Lai 6­computation and communication #(k ¡ log 2 n + # ¡ log n), where k is a possibly non­constant security parameter. The new proto the same asymptotic communication and is private in the standard complexity­theoretic model. Keywords

  13. Incorporating Seasonality into Search Suggestions Derived from Intranet Query Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruschwitz, Udo

    Incorporating Seasonality into Search Suggestions Derived from Intranet Query Logs Stephen Dignum performed on query logs collected for major Web search engines, query log analysis to enhance search search engine can be enhanced by adapting the search system to real users' search behaviour through

  14. Modeling of capillary pressure behavior using standard open hole wireline log data: Demonstrated on carbonates from the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, C.M. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Callender, C.A.; Turbeville, J.B. [and others

    1995-12-31

    A new technique was developed to model capillary pressure behavior from wireline log data and applied to carbonate reservoir rock from a Saudi Aramco field. The method utilizes image analysis of petrographic thin sections, capillary pressure measurements, and neural network analysis of standard open hole wireline log data. Twenty capillary pressure curves and their associated pore type proportions (identified in thin section) are the basis for the capillary pressure predictive model for the reservoir interval under study. Neural network analysis of the wireline log data was used to continuously predict pore type proportions downhole. The neural network-derived pore proportions were than applied in constructing wireline log-based capillary pressure curves using the capillary pressure predictive model. This method provides an accurate means of determining capillary pressure behavior from wireline log data and extends the applicability of the limited number of available capillary pressure curves. Once trained, the neural network may be applied to other wells in the field as long as the training set (both rock samples and wireline log types) is representative within the study area. The capillary pressure curves predicted from wireline log data can be used for the same purposes as capillary pressure curves measured on core samples, such as determining water saturation in intervals above and within the transition zone.

  15. Test results of a corrosion logging technique using electromagnetic thickness and pipe analysis logging tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iliyan, I.S.; Brown, G.A.; Cotton, W.J. Jr.

    1983-04-01

    Recent innovations in subsurface corrosion practices of the Arabian American Oil Co. (ARAMCO) have reduced logging and workover costs substantially and have permitted the detection of corrosion in the outer string of two concentric casing strings. At the request of ARAMCO, Schlumberger conducted test under both simulated and field conditions. Results showed that the data required to evaluate casing corrosion in a 7-in.X9 5/8-in. completion can be obtained during a single logging run using a 21.6-in. coil spacing electromagnetic thickness tool (ETT-A /SUP TM/ ) sonde (as opposed to two runs with 17.6-in. and 21.6-in. sondes previously used). In addition, corrosion of the outer string of 9 5/8-in. or 13 3/8-in. casing can be detected by using the results of the ETT-A logs and pipe-analysis tool (PAT) logs or caliper logs. To date, the application of this technique has been very successful in ARAMCO's operations.

  16. Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stahl, Bennett

    2014-01-01

    Olson. “Observations of gamma-ray bursts of cosmic origin. ”E. Lingenfelter. “Gamma-ray bursts. ” Annual Review of652-654. Waxman, Eli. “Gamma-ray-burst afterglow: supporting

  17. The Borneo Project : Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Borneo Project : Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says by Irwan Firdaus, The Associated Press January 15th, 2003 JAKARTA, Indonesia -- Corruption in Indonesia's police and military has contributed to a surge in illegal logging that has

  18. Spontaneous Potential Well Log | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill Prevention andWell Log Jump to: navigation,

  19. Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to:RAPIDCavallo Energy JumpCeiling Fan JumpCement Bond Log

  20. Logging in to Cori P1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC)Lodging Lodging Meeting Hotel -Logging in

  1. Multimode imaging device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mihailescu, Lucian; Vetter, Kai M

    2013-08-27

    Apparatus for detecting and locating a source of gamma rays of energies ranging from 10-20 keV to several MeV's includes plural gamma ray detectors arranged in a generally closed extended array so as to provide Compton scattering imaging and coded aperture imaging simultaneously. First detectors are arranged in a spaced manner about a surface defining the closed extended array which may be in the form a circle, a sphere, a square, a pentagon or higher order polygon. Some of the gamma rays are absorbed by the first detectors closest to the gamma source in Compton scattering, while the photons that go unabsorbed by passing through gaps disposed between adjacent first detectors are incident upon second detectors disposed on the side farthest from the gamma ray source, where the first spaced detectors form a coded aperture array for two or three dimensional gamma ray source detection.

  2. GAMMA-400 gamma-ray observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topchiev, N P; Bonvicini, V; Adriani, O; Aptekar, R L; Arkhangelskaja, I V; Arkhangelskiy, A I; Bakaldin, A V; Bergstrom, L; Berti, E; Bigongiari, G; Bobkov, S G; Boezio, M; Bogomolov, E A; Bonechi, L; Bongi, M; Bottai, S; Castellini, G; Cattaneo, P W; Cumani, P; Dalkarov, O D; Dedenko, G L; De Donato, C; Dogiel, V A; Finetti, N; Gascon, D; Gorbunov, M S; Gusakov, Yu V; Hnatyk, B I; Kadilin, V V; Kaplin, V A; Kaplun, A A; Kheymits, M D; Korepanov, V E; Larsson, J; Leonov, A A; Loginov, V A; Longo, F; Maestro, P; Marrocchesi, P S; Martinez, M; Menshenin, A L; Mikhailov, V V; Mocchiutti, E; Moiseev, A A; Mori, N; Moskalenko, I V; Naumov, P Yu; Papini, P; Paredes, J M; Pearce, M; Picozza, P; Rappoldi, A; Ricciarini, S; Runtso, M F; Ryde, F; Serdin, O V; Sparvoli, R; Spillantini, P; Stozhkov, Yu I; Suchkov, S I; Taraskin, A A; Tavani, M; Tiberio, A; Tyurin, E M; Ulanov, M V; Vacchi, A; Vannuccini, E; Vasilyev, G I; Ward, J E; Yurkin, Yu T; Zampa, N; Zirakashvili, V N; Zverev, V G

    2015-01-01

    The GAMMA-400 gamma-ray telescope with excellent angular and energy resolutions is designed to search for signatures of dark matter in the fluxes of gamma-ray emission and electrons + positrons. Precision investigations of gamma-ray emission from Galactic Center, Crab, Vela, Cygnus, Geminga, and other regions will be performed, as well as diffuse gamma-ray emission, along with measurements of high-energy electron + positron and nuclei fluxes. Furthermore, it will study gamma-ray bursts and gamma-ray emission from the Sun during periods of solar activity. The energy range of GAMMA-400 is expected to be from ~20 MeV up to TeV energies for gamma rays, up to 20 TeV for electrons + positrons, and up to 10E15 eV for cosmic-ray nuclei. For high-energy gamma rays with energy from 10 to 100 GeV, the GAMMA-400 angular resolution improves from 0.1{\\deg} to ~0.01{\\deg} and energy resolution from 3% to ~1%; the proton rejection factor is ~5x10E5. GAMMA-400 will be installed onboard the Russian space observatory.

  3. Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, W.B. III.

    1989-02-14

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

  4. Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

    1989-01-01

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in gelogical formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleous present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be preformed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described.

  5. ORIS: the Oak Ridge Imaging System program listings. [Nuclear...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    program listings. Nuclear medicine imaging with rectilinear scanner and gamma camera Citation Details In-Document Search Title: ORIS: the Oak Ridge Imaging System program...

  6. Energetics of Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raul Jimenez; David Band; Tsvi Piran

    2001-03-16

    We determine the distribution of total energy emitted by gamma-ray bursts for bursts with fluences and distance information. Our core sample consists of eight bursts with BATSE spectra and spectroscopic redshifts. We extend this sample by adding four bursts with BATSE spectra and host galaxy R magnitudes. From these R magnitudes we calculate a redshift probability distribution; this method requires a model of the host galaxy population. From a sample of ten bursts with both spectroscopic redshifts and host galaxy R magnitudes (some do not have BATSE spectra) we find that the burst rate is proportional to the galaxy luminosity at the epoch of the burst. Assuming that the total energy emitted has a log-normal distribution, we find that the average emitted energy (assumed to be radiated isotropically) is $ = 1.3^{+1.2}_{-1.0} \\times 10^{53}$ ergs (for H$_0$ = 65 km s$^{-1}$ Mpc$^{-1}$, $\\Omega_m=0.3$ and $\\Omega_\\Lambda=0.7$); the distribution has a logarithmic width of $\\sigma_\\gamma=1.7^{+0.7}_{-0.3}$. The corresponding distribution of X-ray afterglow energy (for seven bursts) has $ = 4.0^{+1.6}_{-1.8} \\times 10^{51}$ergs and $\\sigma_X = 1.3^{+0.4}_{-0.3}$. For completeness, we also provide spectral fits for all bursts with BATSE spectra for which there were afterglow searches.

  7. Gamma ray generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Firestone, Richard B; Reijonen, Jani

    2014-05-27

    An embodiment of a gamma ray generator includes a neutron generator and a moderator. The moderator is coupled to the neutron generator. The moderator includes a neutron capture material. In operation, the neutron generator produces neutrons and the neutron capture material captures at least some of the neutrons to produces gamma rays. An application of the gamma ray generator is as a source of gamma rays for calibration of gamma ray detectors.

  8. Energy Efficiency in Log Homes | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    or purchasing a manufactured log home, you should consider several factors related to energy efficiency. The R-Value of Wood A material's thermal resistance or resistance to...

  9. Log-normal distribution for correlators in lattice QCD?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas DeGrand

    2012-04-20

    Many hadronic correlators used in spectroscopy calculations in lattice QCD simulations appear to show a log-normal distribution at intermediate time separations.

  10. Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    5490655 Citation Applegate, J. K.; Moens, T. A. . 411980. Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho. () : DOE Information Bridge. Related...

  11. Method for determining formation quality factor from well log...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    determining formation quality factor from well log data and its application to seismic reservoir characterization Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Method for...

  12. Chemical Logging At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Los Alamos...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chemical Logging At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  13. Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirasaki, George J.; Mohanty, Kishore, K.

    2001-07-13

    The objective of this project is to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions that are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. This is the first annual progress report submitted to the DOE. It reports on the work completed during the reporting period even if it may have started before this period. This project is a partnership between Professor George J. Hirasaki at Rice University and Professor Kishore Mohanty at University of Houston. In addition to the DOE, this project is supported by a consortium of oil companies and service companies. The fluid properties characterization has emphasized the departure of live oils from correlations based on dead oils. Also, asphaltic components can result in a difference between the T1 and T2 relaxation time distributions as well as reduce the hydrogen index. The fluid rock characterizations that are reported here are the effects of wettability and internal magnetic field gradients. A pore reconstruction method ha s been developed to recreate three-dimensional porous media from two-dimensional images that reproduce some of their key statistical properties. A Monte Carlo simulation technique has been developed to calculate the magnetization decay in fluid saturated porous media given their pore structure.

  14. Time encoded radiation imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik; Kiff, Scott

    2014-10-21

    The various technologies presented herein relate to detecting nuclear material at a large stand-off distance. An imaging system is presented which can detect nuclear material by utilizing time encoded imaging relating to maximum and minimum radiation particle counts rates. The imaging system is integrated with a data acquisition system that can utilize variations in photon pulse shape to discriminate between neutron and gamma-ray interactions. Modulation in the detected neutron count rates as a function of the angular orientation of the detector due to attenuation of neighboring detectors is utilized to reconstruct the neutron source distribution over 360 degrees around the imaging system. Neutrons (e.g., fast neutrons) and/or gamma-rays are incident upon scintillation material in the imager, the photons generated by the scintillation material are converted to electrical energy from which the respective neutrons/gamma rays can be determined and, accordingly, a direction to, and the location of, a radiation source identified.

  15. Drag reduction in coal log pipelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marrero, T.R.; Liu, H.

    1996-12-31

    It is well-known that solutions of dissolved long-chain macromolecules produce lower friction or drag losses than with the solvent alone. In coal log pipeline (CLP), water is the conveying medium. Synthetic polymers such as poly(ethylene oxide) have been dissolved in water and tested for their extent of drag reduction as a function of concentration and other variables. Lab-scale experimental results for CLP indicate substantial drag reduction at low concentration levels of polymer. But, the macromolecules exhibit degradation under mechanical shear stresses. The large molecules break into smaller units. This degradation effect causes a loss of drag reduction. However, high levels of drag reduction can be maintained as follows: (1) by injecting polymer into the CLP at several locations along the pipeline, (2) by injecting polymer of different particle sizes, (3) by using more robust types of polymers, or (4) by using polymer-fiber mixtures. This report presents the value of drag-reducing agents in terms of pumping power net cost savings. In addition, this report outlines the environmental impact of drag reduction polymers, and end-of-pipeline water treatment processes. For an operating CLP, hundreds of miles in length, the use of poly(ethylene oxide) as a drag reducing agent provides significant pumping power cost savings at a minimal materials cost.

  16. Saving big bucks with your log sheets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puskar, J.R. [CEC Consultants, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States)

    1999-07-01

    This article speaks to a common problem in a lot of industrial and institutional boilerhouses. Most boilerhouses do an excellent job at collecting information. Circular chart recorders churn out pressures, temperatures, and flows for everything from steam to natural gas to city water consumption. At most facilities, this stuff all gets chucked into a drawer or file cabinet daily. Have you ever wondered why you collect and record what you do? What were people thinking when the existing logs were set up? This article attempts to challenge the original thought process and hopes to evoke in the reader a renewed vision of what should be collected, how, and then what can be done with it. The goal of this article is not to define new and expensive data acquisition or control system projects. It is instead to show how to develop systems that only require paper, pencils, and people who are motivated and care. These people are probably already being paid to do most of this work. Experience is that if these people are treated with respect and given some simple tools they will do amazing things beyond what was thought possible. This is a low-tech humanistic approach that has a fabulous rate of return. It`s also something that can be immediately implemented.

  17. M.Sc. Thesis Forensic examination of log files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to aid the investigation, so that the digital evidence can be extracted in a fast and e#cient manner of artificial neural networks to classify router logs, classification of each log entry, and development of Service, Flow Classification, Feature Extraction, Tra#c Aggregation. #12; #12; Contents 1 Introduction 1 1

  18. M.Sc. Thesis Forensic examination of log files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to aid the investigation, so that the digital evidence can be extracted in a fast and efficient manner of artificial neural networks to classify router logs, classification of each log entry, and development of Service, Flow Classification, Feature Extraction, Traffic Aggregation. #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1

  19. Efficient Discovery of Understandable Declarative Process Models from Event Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Efficient Discovery of Understandable Declarative Process Models from Event Logs Fabrizio M. Maggi models are more suitable for less structured processes, most discovery techniques generate conventional) process discovery (learning a model from example traces in an event log), (b) confor- mance checking

  20. Mining Configurable Process Models from Collections of Event Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    towards the discovery of a configurable process model based on a collection of event logs. In this paper related work on process discovery, configurable process models and current model merging techniquesMining Configurable Process Models from Collections of Event Logs J.C.A.M. Buijs, B.F. van Dongen

  1. Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization M. Baglioni1 , U. Ferrara2 , A. Romei/26, 56017 S. Martino Ulmiano (PI) Italy ferrara@ksolutions.it Abstract. We describe the web usage mining behaviour of a web site users. The models are inferred from the access logs of a web server by means of data

  2. Directed Planar Reachability Is in Unambiguous Log-Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Variyam, Vinodchandran N.

    4 Directed Planar Reachability Is in Unambiguous Log-Space CHRIS BOURKE, RAGHUNATH TEWARI, and N. V reachability, planar graphs, unambiguous log-space ACM Reference Format: Bourke, C., Tewari, R. Bourke, R. Tewari, and N. V. Vinodchandran, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University

  3. THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    f i c a t i o n de la Presence de Radon-222 dans les FluidsReport No. 30 THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATERDE82 012616 THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN G O N W T R

  4. THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    Radon-222 (uci/1) Radium-226 (pCi/D Location 16(AT) 16(UB)in the M3 water was about 1 pCi per l i t e r (Fritz et aaverage value of Ey is 1.57 pCi/gm, equivalent to: E = 1.57

  5. THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    Radiation Hazards i n Uranium Mining, Report FRC No. 8 ( r eof the lungs in the uranium mining industry, a specialized

  6. THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    Concentration for a Single Entry Point, No Mixing 3.4i v i t y away from the entry point is constant because thecomplicated way upon the points of entry, the flow rate, the

  7. Gamma Log At Flint Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Flint Geothermal Area

  8. Gamma Log At Fort Bliss Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Flint Geothermal

  9. Gamma Log At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, 2006) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Flint

  10. Gamma Log At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Rowley, Et Al.,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Flint1987) | Open

  11. Temperatures and Natural Gamma-Ray Logs Obtained in 1986 from Shady Rest

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ Automation Jump to:Information 8)Cassia County, IdahoDrill Hole

  12. Gamma Log At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)Galveston Test JumpGambia:Alum

  13. Gamma Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)Galveston TestSilver Peak Area

  14. Electro and gamma nuclear physics in Geant4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Wellisch; M. Kossov; P. Degtyarenko

    2003-06-03

    Adequate description of electro and gamma nuclear physics is of utmost importance in studies of electron beam-dumps and intense electron beam accelerators. I also is mandatory to describe neutron backgrounds and activation in linear colliders. This physics was elaborated in Geant4 over the last year, and now entered into the stage of practical application. In the {\\sc Geant4} Photo-nuclear data base there are at present about 50 nuclei for which the Photo-nuclear absorption cross sections have been measured. Of these, data on 14 nuclei are used to parametrize the gamma nuclear reaction cross-section The resulting cross section is a complex, factorized function of $A$ and $e = log(E_\\gamma)$, where $E_\\gamma$ is the energy of the incident photon. Electro-nuclear reactions are so closely connected with Photo-nuclear reactions that sometimes they are often called ``Photo-nuclear''. The one-photon exchange mechanism dominates in Electro-nuclear reactions, and the electron can be substituted by a flux of photons. Folding this flux with the gamma-nuclear cross-section, we arrive at an acceptable description of the electro-nuclear physics. Final states in gamma and electro nuclear physics are described using chiral invariant phase-space decay at low gamma or equivalent photon energies, and quark gluon string model at high energies. We will present the modeling of this physics in {\\sc Geant4}, and show results from practical applications.

  15. Massively-parallel electrical-conductivity imaging of hydrocarbons using the Blue Gene/L supercomputer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    CONDUCTIVITY IMAGING OF HYDROCARBONS USING THE BLUE GENE/Lidentification of hydrocarbon filled layers in deepwater,”Remote sensing of hydrocarbon layers by seabed logging (

  16. Nuclear medicine imaging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, G.W.; Brill, A.B.; Bizais, Y.J.C.; Rowe, R.W.; Zubal, I.G.

    1983-03-11

    It is an object of this invention to provide a nuclear imaging system having the versatility to do positron annihilation studies, rotating single or opposed camera gamma emission studies, and orthogonal gamma emission studies. It is a further object of this invention to provide an imaging system having the capability for orthogonal dual multipinhole tomography. It is another object of this invention to provide a nuclear imaging system in which all available energy data, as well as patient physiological data, are acquired simultaneously in list mode.

  17. Geothermal well log interpretation state of the art. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanyal, S.K.; Wells, L.E.; Bickham, R.E.

    1980-01-01

    An in-depth study of the state of the art in Geothermal Well Log Interpretation has been made encompassing case histories, technical papers, computerized literature searches, and actual processing of geothermal wells from New Mexico, Idaho, and California. A classification scheme of geothermal reservoir types was defined which distinguishes fluid phase and temperature, lithology, geologic province, pore geometry, salinity, and fluid chemistry. Major deficiencies of Geothermal Well Log Interpretation are defined and discussed with recommendations of possible solutions or research for solutions. The Geothermal Well Log Interpretation study and report has concentrated primarily on Western US reservoirs. Geopressured geothermal reservoirs are not considered.

  18. Resonance production in. gamma gamma. collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renard, F.M.

    1983-04-01

    The processes ..gamma gamma.. ..-->.. hadrons can be depicted as follows. One photon creates a q anti q pair which starts to evolve; the other photon can either (A) make its own q anti q pair and the (q anti q q anti q) system continue to evolve or (B) interact with the quarks of the first pair and lead to a modified (q anti q) system in interaction with C = +1 quantum numbers. A review of the recent theoretical activity concerning resonance production and related problems is given under the following headings: hadronic C = +1 spectroscopy (q anti q, qq anti q anti q, q anti q g, gg, ggg bound states and mixing effects); exclusive ..gamma gamma.. processes (generalities, unitarized Born method, VDM and QCD); total cross section (soft and hard contributions); q/sup 2/ dependence of soft processes (soft/hard separation, 1/sup +- +/ resonances); and polarization effects. (WHK)

  19. Partnership Logging Accidents Cornelis de Hoop, LA Forest Products Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , ˇ Sonny Mills, LA Dept. of Labor ˇ Greg Honaker, OSHA #12;OSHA -- LA Logging Council Strategic Partnership startup procedures. ˇ Safe maintenance & repair procedures. ˇ Safe work flow. ˇ Minimize risk to fellers

  20. Multipole seismoelectric logging while drilling (LWD) for acoustic velocity measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhenya

    2012-01-01

    In seismoelectric well logging, an acoustic wave propagates along a borehole and induces electrical signals along the borehole wall. The apparent velocities of these seismoelectric signals are equal to the formation ...

  1. JOBAID-LOGGING IN TO THE OLC LEARNING SYSTEM

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this job aid you will Log In to the system, Retrieve Forgotten Password and/or User ID, and Use the LMS Help System built into the application.

  2. Efficiently log and perforate 60 + wells with coiled tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fertl, W.H.; Hotz, R.F.

    1987-07-01

    In today's petroleum industry, more and more emphasis is being placed on logging and completion techniques for highly deviated (extended-reach) and horizontal boreholes. This is the result of cost-effective development of oil and gas via: a minimum number of production platforms on large structures, incremental but marginal reserves in outlying and/or small fault blocks, shallow reservoirs in deep offshore waters, and significant hydrocarbon accumulations in environmentally sensitive and/or restrictive areas, e.g., perma-frost, urban areas, etc. The major challenge in logging such high-angle, extended-reach, and also horizontal boreholes is guiding the logging tool string to the bottom of the wellbore. In the horizontal portion of a borehole, the use of coiled tubing has proven successful in ''pushing'' the logging instrumentation toward the bottom (end) of the borehole.

  3. Log-domain circuit models of chemical reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandal, Soumyajit

    We exploit the detailed similarities between electronics and chemistry to develop efficient, scalable bipolar or subthreshold log-domain circuits that are dynamically equivalent to networks of chemical reactions. Our ...

  4. Symposium on high-temperature well-logging instrumentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis, B.R. (comp.)

    1986-06-01

    The symposium contains papers about developments in borehole logging instrumentation that can withstand downhole temperatures in excess of 300/sup 0/C and pressures greater than 103 MPa. Separate abstracts have been prepared for individual papers. (ACR)

  5. Higher Order Modes in Acoustic Logging While Drilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi, Shihong

    2005-01-01

    In multipole acoustic logging while drilling (LWD), the fundamental modes dominate recorded waveforms. Higher order modes may also appear and complicate the processing of LWD data. In dipole LWD measurements, the dipole ...

  6. Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirasaki, George J.; Mohanty, Kishore K.

    2003-02-10

    The objective of this project was to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions that are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. The advances made in the understanding of NMR fluid properties are summarized in a chapter written for an AAPG book on NMR well logging. This includes live oils, viscous oils, natural gas mixtures, and the relation between relaxation time and diffusivity.

  7. Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirasaki, George J.; Mohanty, Kishore K.

    2003-02-10

    The objective of this project was to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions which are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. NMR well logging is finding wide use in formation evaluation. The formation parameters commonly estimated were porosity, permeability, and capillary bound water. Special cases include estimation of oil viscosity, residual oil saturation, location of oil/water contact, and interpretation on whether the hydrocarbon is oil or gas.

  8. Initial results from an acoustic logging-while-drilling tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minear, J.W.; Heysse, D.R.; Boonen, P.M.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the initial results from field tests of an acoustic logging-while-drilling tool. Over 60,000 ft of well have been logged with 6.75-in.- and 8-in.-diameter versions of the tool. Various types of formations were encountered with compressional slowness values ranging from 55 {mu}sec/ft to 170 {mu}sec/ft. The tool is configured as a borehole-compensated device; transmitters are located on opposite sides of an array of four receivers. An ultrasonic standoff transducer provides a tool-to-borehole wall distance measurement for data quality evaluation and processing. Slowness values are computed downhole using real-time waveform processing. Full-waveform data are stored for retrieval and re-processing at the surface. Interactive processing software allows an engineer to reprocess log intervals of poorer log quality and improve the slowness log computed downhole. Downhole-processed and post-drilling-processed slowness logs are compared, and generally show close agreement. These logs also agree well with wireline slowness logs. Rugose boreholes and attenuating formations can reduce waveform quality. A new rapid-fire technique acquires multiple estimates of slowness as the drillstring rotates through only a fraction of a revolution, and improves slowness quality in rugose boreholes. Shear-wave energy is clearly apparent in most waveform data. Waveforms can be processed to yield both shear and compressional slowness values. These can then be used to estimate porosity, compute elastic moduli of the rock (for example, Poisson`s ratio, Young`s modulus, bulk compressibility, and shear modulus), and to compute synthetic seismograms for correlation with seismic profiles. Some of these applications of compressional and shear slowness data are discussed with examples.

  9. Gamma Ray Bursts Sudden, intense flashes of gamma rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    Gamma Ray Bursts #12;The Case Sudden, intense flashes of gamma rays come from nowhere and disappear with out a trace. Incredibly powerful: A single gamma ray burst is hundreds of times brighter a supernova #12;Who Vela (1960's) Looking for arms testing, found gamma ray bursts Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

  10. Anomalous quartic boson couplings via gamma gamma --> WW and gamma gamma --> WWZ at the TESLA kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. B. Marfin; V. A. Mossolov; T. V. Shishkina

    2003-04-30

    The production of two and three electroweak gauge bosons in the high-energy $\\gamma\\gamma$ collisions gives the well opportunity to probe anomalous quartic gauge boson couplings. The influence of five possible anomalous couplings on the cross sections for $W^+W^-$, $W^+W^-\\gamma$, $W^+W^-Z$ productions has been investigated at the TESLA kinematics ($\\sqrt{S}\\sim 1$ TeV). There are the reasonable discriminations between various anomalous contributions.

  11. Review of well-logging techniques. [For use in remedial action programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, K.B.; Young, J.A.; Thomas, V.W.

    1983-04-01

    A literature review has been conducted to determine whether suitable borehole-logging techniques exist for the measurement of gamma-ray-emitting elements using downhole detectors. Most of the methods that have been used for the last 30 years by the uranium-exploration industry involve passive gamma-ray measurement techniques utilizing NaI(Tl) and, occasionally, intrinsic germanium detectors. Parameters the industry has had to consider in calibrating these detectors are variations in (1) casing material and thickness, (2) water in the borehole, (3) hole diameter, (4) disequilibrium between uranium and its daughters in the ore zone, (5) spatial distribution of the radioactive material, and (6) dead time of the analyzer. The methods they have used to address these variable parameters appear to be applicable to remedial action programs. The techniques that have been used for the measurement of subsurface radium concentration by DOE during the engineering assessment of UMTRAP/FUSRAP sites and by NRC at one remedial action site will be described in this report.

  12. Mini gamma camera, camera system and method of use

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Weisenberger, Andrew G. (Grafton, VA); Wojcik, Randolph F. (Yorktown, VA)

    2001-01-01

    A gamma camera comprising essentially and in order from the front outer or gamma ray impinging surface: 1) a collimator, 2) a scintillator layer, 3) a light guide, 4) an array of position sensitive, high resolution photomultiplier tubes, and 5) printed circuitry for receipt of the output of the photomultipliers. There is also described, a system wherein the output supplied by the high resolution, position sensitive photomultipiler tubes is communicated to: a) a digitizer and b) a computer where it is processed using advanced image processing techniques and a specific algorithm to calculate the center of gravity of any abnormality observed during imaging, and c) optional image display and telecommunications ports.

  13. Logging with coiled tubing less effective than with drill pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Den Bosch, R. )

    1994-01-31

    Coiled tubing offered neither economic nor operational advantages over drill pipe for conveying logging tools in open hole shallow horizontal wells in Germany. In the past 2 years, Mobil Erdgas-Erdoel GMbH (MEEG) participated in completing eight shallow horizontal wells. These were medium-to-short radius wells at measured depths of between 850 and 2,000 m. The average horizontal section was 350 m. The logging tools were conveyed by coiled tubing or drill pipe. MEEG attempted to log five wells with coiled tubing-conveyed tools, four with 1 1/2-in. tubing. Total depth was reached reliably in only one well, the shallowest and with the shortest horizontal section. Simulation programs were unreliable for calculating the downhole forces of the coil/tool combination or predicting possible helical lockups. In wells with drill pipe-conveyed logs, the tool combination could always be pushed to total depth, and the operations were generally faster and cost less than logging with coiled tubing. Also, drill pipe allowed longer and heavier tool strings. For reliable operations, coiled tubing needs to be more rigid, rig-up/rig-down times need to be improved, and the simulation programs must be more reliable for predicting downhole lock-up.

  14. User's manual for geophysical well-logging software programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrie, G.M.; Gibson, D.; Blair, S.C.

    1983-02-01

    Since 1958 the Ground-Water Surveillance Program for the Hanford Site has made geophysical logging measurements in most of the 800 wells and deep boreholes that have been drilled on the Hanford Site. In 1980 the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), which conducts the Ground-Water Surveillance Program, began forming a computerized data base for storing and retrieving geophysical well log data and developing software for quantitative analysis of the well log data. This report, designed to serve as a user's guide, documents the data base system that handles the well log data. Two programs, DIGLOG1 and LOGIT, are used to manipulate the data. The program DIGLOG1 translates analog paper strip charts into digital format; the program LOGIT is a general utility program that edits, displays, checks, stores, writes, and deletes sets of well log data. These two programs do not provide sophisticated display and analytical capabilities; rather, they provide programs that give the user easy access to powerful standard analytical software.

  15. Implications of plasma beam instabilities for the statistics of the Fermi hard gamma-ray blazars and the origin of the extragalactic gamma-ray background

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broderick, Avery E. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Pfrommer, Christoph; Puchwein, Ewald [Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies, Schloss-Wolfsbrunnenweg 35, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Chang, Philip [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1900 East Kenwood Boulevard, Milwaukee, WI 53211 (United States)

    2014-08-01

    Fermi has been instrumental in constraining the luminosity function and redshift evolution of gamma-ray bright BL Lac objects, a subpopulation of blazars with almost featureless optical spectra. This includes limits on the spectrum and anisotropy of the extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGRB), redshift distribution of nearby Fermi active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and the construction of a logN-log S relation. Based on these, it has been argued that the evolution of the gamma-ray bright BL Lac population must be much less dramatic than that of other AGNs. However, critical to such claims is the assumption that inverse Compton cascades reprocess emission above a TeV into the Fermi energy range, substantially enhancing the strength of the observed limits. Here we demonstrate that in the absence of such a process, due, e.g., to the presence of virulent plasma beam instabilities that preempt the cascade, a population of TeV-bright BL Lac objects that evolve similarly to quasars is consistent with the population of hard gamma-ray BL Lac objects observed by Fermi. Specifically, we show that a simple model for the properties and luminosity function is simultaneously able to reproduce their logN-log S relation, local redshift distribution, and contribution to the EGRB and its anisotropy without any free parameters. Insofar as the naturalness of a picture in which the hard gamma-ray BL Lac population exhibits the strong redshift evolution observed in other tracers of the cosmological history of accretion onto halos is desirable, this lends support for the absence of the inverse Compton cascades and the existence of the beam plasma instabilities.

  16. Optical gamma thermometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koster, Glen Peter; Xia, Hua; Lee, Boon Kwee

    2013-08-06

    An optical gamma thermometer includes a metal mass having a temperature proportional to a gamma flux within a core of a nuclear reactor, and an optical fiber cable for measuring the temperature of the heated metal mass. The temperature of the heated mass may be measured by using one or more fiber grating structures and/or by using scattering techniques, such as Raman, Brillouin, and the like. The optical gamma thermometer may be used in conjunction with a conventional reactor heat balance to calibrate the local power range monitors over their useful in-service life. The optical gamma thermometer occupies much less space within the in-core instrument tube and costs much less than the conventional gamma thermometer.

  17. Instructions for using Power Scan 2000 1. If you are an authorized University of Memphis user, log in with your UUID and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    in with your UUID and password. Once logged in, you can save items to the desktop and then transfer the file, or saved to a removable storage device. To print, guests should click on Go Print. The print job will go Rotate Mirror Straighten #12;To scan an image for printing/saving, drag the green box to frame the page

  18. Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 RAPID SIMULATION OF BOREHOLE NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    with other well logs. The particular case of logging while drilling (LWD) logs in high-angle wells of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts (SPWLA) and the submitting authors. This paper was prepared for presentation techniques as well as for their quantitative integration with other borehole measurements

  19. VerSum: Verifiable Computations over Large Public Logs Jelle van den Hooff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    blockchains, or a Certificate Transparency log. VERSUM clients ensure that the output is correct by comparing publicly available logs, whose validity is guaranteed. The logs are large (e.g., the Bitcoin blockchain is added to the Bitcoin blockchain). To run computations over these logs requires a Permission to make

  20. Correlation of log response to production in the Austin Chalk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behseresht, Cyrus Douglas

    1992-01-01

    of this study is to determine to what degree the response of resistivity well-logs reflects the productivity of individual wells in the Austin Chalk. An area in south-central Burleson County was chosen for the study. Logs were available from 38 wells... for the Proco Gise data, Ro at 4% is 3. 59 ohm-m (figure 12). Thus, the Proco Gise ?1 data supports an Ro of approximately 3. 58 at 4% porosity in the Austin Chalk. This test of the empirical relationship between Rt and water saturation in the Chalk does...

  1. Jefferson Lab's Detector Group builds small-animal imaging device...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March Smith Mark Smith, Detector Group Biomedical Imaging Physicist and project manager for this effort, holds the tungsten box encasing the detector head for the mini gamma camera...

  2. ORIS: the Oak Ridge Imaging System program listings. [Nuclear...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    program listings. Nuclear medicine imaging with rectilinear scanner and gamma camera Bell, P. R.; Dougherty, J. M. 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED...

  3. Gamma-Ray Line Observations with RHESSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David M. Smith

    2004-04-30

    The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) has been observing gamma-ray lines from the Sun and the Galaxy since its launch in February 2002. Here I summarize the status of RHESSI observations of solar lines (nuclear de-excitation, neutron capture, and positron annihilation), the lines of $^{26}$Al and $^{60}$Fe from the inner Galaxy, and the search for positron annihilation in novae.

  4. The University of Durham Mark 6 VHE gamma ray telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadwick, P. M.; Dickinson, M. R.; Dipper, N. A.; Holder, J.; Kendall, T. R.; McComb, T. J. L.; Orford, K. J.; Rayner, S. M.; Roberts, I. D.; Shaw, S. E.; Turver, K. E.

    1997-05-10

    The operation of the University of Durham Mark 6 atmospheric Cerenkov telescope is discussed. The telescope has been used to detect gamma rays at energies {>=}150 GeV and to achieve good discrimination between gamma ray and hadron initiated showers, using both conventional imaging and novel fluctuation measures. The telescope was commissioned in 1995 and a description of its operation is presented. Verification of the performance during observations of PSR B1706-44 is described.

  5. Illegal Logging and Illegal Activites in the Forestry Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    illegal activities in the forestry sector Definition of illegal logging : ˇ "Timber harvesting harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including corrupt means to gain access to forests(....)." (Fern, riverbanks and water catchments ˇ Removing under/oversized trees from public forests ˇ Extracting more timber

  6. Subsistence Halibut Community Harvest Log Page 1 of 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -0512, Expiration date: 08/31/2017 Subsistence Halibut Community Harvest Permit (CHP) Log U.S. Dept of Commerce-1668 Telephone: 1-800-304-4846 FAX: 907-586-7354 BLOCK A ­ CHP COORDINATOR 1. Name of CHP Coordinator 2. Signature of CHP Coordinator BLOCK B -- SUBSISTENCE FISHER IDENTIFICATION 1. Name of Fisher (First, Middle

  7. SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale M. O. Eshkalak, SPE, S. D of hydrocarbons from the reservoirs, notably shale, is attributed to realizing the key fundamentals of reservoir and mineralogy is crucial in order to identify the "right" pay-zone intervals for shale gas production. Also

  8. 17. Integrating Engineered Log JamTechnology into River Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    17. Integrating Engineered Log JamTechnology into River Rehabilitation Tim Abbe, George Pess, David R. Montgomery, and Kevin L. Fetherston ABSTRACT Reach-scale river rehabilitation projects using and engineering practices. The ELJ demonstration projects were developed as part of river rehabilitation efforts

  9. Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George J. Hirasaki; Kishore K. Mohanty

    2005-09-05

    The objective of this report is to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions that are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. The advances made in the understanding of NMR fluid properties are summarized in a chapter written for an AAPG book on NMR well logging. This includes live oils, viscous oils, natural gas mixtures, and the relation between relaxation time and diffusivity. Oil based drilling fluids can have an adverse effect on NMR well logging if it alters the wettability of the formation. The effect of various surfactants on wettability and surface relaxivity are evaluated for silica sand. The relation between the relaxation time and diffusivity distinguishes the response of brine, oil, and gas in a NMR well log. A new NMR pulse sequence in the presence of a field gradient and a new inversion technique enables the T{sub 2} and diffusivity distributions to be displayed as a two-dimensional map. The objectives of pore morphology and rock characterization are to identify vug connectivity by using X-ray CT scan, and to improve NMR permeability correlation. Improved estimation of permeability from NMR response is possible by using estimated tortuosity as a parameter to interpolate between two existing permeability models.

  10. Logging threatens Indonesia's biodiversity By Dianthus Saputra Estey in Jakarta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logging threatens Indonesia's biodiversity By Dianthus Saputra Estey in Jakarta Monday 13 October 2003, 16:57 Makka Time, 13:57 GMT A tenth of the world's tropical rainforests lie in Indonesia year," Togu Manurung from Forest Watch Indonesia said. This ranks the depletion of Indonesia

  11. Feedback Control Theory and Processing System Log Streams Research Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Pingzhong

    Feedback Control Theory and Processing System Log Streams by Wei Xu Research Project Submitted, and on exploring general techniques of applying feedback control theory to distributed computer systems. We have. All problems addressed are solved systematically with feedback-control-theory. We discuss three uses

  12. Lightweight Logging for Lazy Release Consistent Distributed Shared Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neves, Nuno

    Lightweight Logging for Lazy Release Consistent Distributed Shared Memory Manuel Costa, Paulo Guedes, Manuel Sequeira, Nuno Neves, Miguel Castro IST - INESC R. Alves Redol 9, 1000 Lisboa PORTUGAL algorithm for a DSM system based on lazy release Manuel Costa, Nuno Neves and Miguel Castro were supported

  13. Soft gamma repeaters Kevin Hurley *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1331 1. Introduction The soft gamma repeaters (SGRs) are sporadic sources of bursts of X- and gamma-rays), and a rather soft spectrum compared to those of cosmic gamma-ray bursts; a rough description of the spectrumReview Soft gamma repeaters Kevin Hurley * University of California, Berkeley, Space Sciences

  14. Sigma Gamma Tau 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Three drums containing potentially contaminated lead bricks were assayed with the Segmented Gamma Scan Neutron Assay System (SGSNAS) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) Nondestructive Assay Center. The assay system reported...

  15. Gamma Ray Pulsars: Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David J. Thompson

    2001-01-03

    High-energy gamma rays are a valuable tool for studying particle acceleration and radiation in the magnetospheres of energetic pulsars. The six or more pulsars seen by CGRO/EGRET show that: the light curves usually have double-peak structures (suggesting a broad cone of emission); gamma rays are frequently the dominant component of the radiated power; and all the spectra show evidence of a high-energy turnover. Unless a new pulsed component appears at higher energies, progress in gamma-ray pulsar studies will be greatest in the 1-20 GeV range. Ground-based telescopes whose energy ranges extend downward toward 10 GeV should make important measurements of the spectral cutoffs. The Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST), now in planning for a launch in 2005, will provide a major advance in sensitivity, energy range, and sky coverage.

  16. Gamma-Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Meszaros

    2006-05-30

    Gamma-ray bursts are the most luminous explosions in the Universe, and their origin and mechanism are the focus of intense research and debate. More than three decades after their discovery, and after pioneering breakthroughs from space and ground experiments, their study is entering a new phase with the recently launched Swift satellite. The interplay between these observations and theoretical models of the prompt gamma ray burst and its afterglow is reviewed.

  17. Calibration of NMR well logs from carbonate reservoirs with laboratory NMR measurements and ?XRCT

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mason, Harris E.; Smith, Megan M.; Hao, Yue; Carroll, Susan A.

    2014-12-31

    The use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) well log data has the potential to provide in-situ porosity, pore size distributions, and permeability of target carbonate CO? storage reservoirs. However, these methods which have been successfully applied to sandstones have yet to be completely validated for carbonate reservoirs. Here, we have taken an approach to validate NMR measurements of carbonate rock cores with independent measurements of permeability and pore surface area to volume (S/V) distributions using differential pressure measurements and micro X-ray computed tomography (?XRCT) imaging methods, respectively. We observe that using standard methods for determining permeability from NMR data incorrectlymore ťpredicts these values by orders of magnitude. However, we do observe promise that NMR measurements provide reasonable estimates of pore S/V distributions, and with further independent measurements of the carbonate rock properties that universally applicable relationships between NMR measured properties may be developed for in-situ well logging applications of carbonate reservoirs.Ť less

  18. Annual Logging Symposium, June 26-29, 2005 JOINT STOCHASTIC INVERSION OF PETROPHYSICAL LOGS AND 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    : APPLICATION TO A GULF- OF-MEXICO DEEPWATER HYDROCARBON RESERVOIR A. Contreras and C. Torres seismic data acquired in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Reservoir units consist of stacked turbidite sands and fluid saturation. Both petrophysical logs and elastic-petrophysical correlation cross-plots, together

  19. A 3rd Class of Gamma Ray Bursts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Horvath

    1998-05-17

    Two classes of Gamma Ray Bursts have been identified so far, characterized by T_90 durations shorter and longer than approximately 2 seconds. We show here that the BATSE 3B data allow a good fit with three Gaussian distributions in log T_90. The chi^2 statistic indicates a 40 % probability for two Gaussians, whereas the three-Gaussian fit probability is 98 %. Using another statistical method, it is argued that the probability that the third class is a random fluctuation is less than 0.02 %.

  20. Knowledge-based stratigraphic well-log correlation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Michael A.

    1990-01-01

    correlated higher ranking strata. Thus, higher ranking correlations provide heuristics for lower ranking correlations. The system represents strata by symbols from a set of standard symbols which include peaks, troughs, and steps. Symbols replace events.... The zone attributes abstracted from the well-log include the following: interval, lithology ? classified as shale or non-shale, zone position, general zone shape, thickness, average amplitude, zone above name, and zone below name. Thus, the expert system...

  1. Gamma ray bursts in their historic context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V

    2004-01-01

    Gamma Ray Bursts In Their Historic Context Virginia TrimbleMD 20742 USA Abstract. Gamma ray bursts remained essentiallyalso applies to the gamma ray bursts. First, an observation

  2. Thermal Conductivity from Core and Well log Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Andreas; Clauser, Christoph

    2008-01-01

    The relationships between thermal conductivity and other petrophysical properties have been analysed for a borehole drilled in a Tertiary Flysch sequence. We establish equations that permit us to predict rock thermal conductivity from logging data. A regression analysis of thermal conductivity, bulk density, and sonic velocity yields thermal conductivity with an average accuracy of better than 0.2 W/(m K). As a second step, logging data is used to compute a lithological depth profile, which in turn is used to calculate a thermal conductivity profile. From a comparison of the conductivity-depth profile and the laboratory data it can be concluded that thermal conductivity can be computed with an accuracy of less than 0.3 W/(m K)from conventional wireline data. The comparison of two different models shows that this approach can be practical even if old and incomplete logging data is used. The results can be used to infer thermal conductivity for boreholes without appropriate core data that are drilled in a simil...

  3. Moab Project Logs 2 Million Work Hours Without Lost-Time Injury...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Logs 2 Million Work Hours Without Lost-Time Injury or Illness Moab Project Logs 2 Million Work Hours Without Lost-Time Injury or Illness March 31, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis Empty...

  4. Event Based Low Frequency Impedance Modeling using Well Logs and Seismic Attributes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosegaard, Klaus

    prediction of this specific attribute. However, quantitative reservoir characterization in chalk is severelyEvent Based Low Frequency Impedance Modeling using Well Logs and Seismic Attributes Radmila logs. Seismic inversion, a process of converting seismic data into relative impedance, provides

  5. What is a blog? The word "blog," a contraction of "web log," is an informational web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    What is a blog? The word "blog," a contraction of "web log," is an informational web page's log, blogs on the web tend to maintain an ordered chronology, although they often unfold in reverse

  6. Short gamma-ray bursts from binary neutron star mergers in globular clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Short gamma-ray bursts from binary neutron star mergers in globular clusters JONATHAN@cfa.harvard.edu Published online: 29 January 2006; doi:10.1038/nphys214 Observations by the Swift gamma-ray-burst (GRB, the so-called `long' GRBs (>2-200 s) were located by coded aperture imaging of their hard X-ray emission

  7. Comparison of VSP and sonic-log data in nonvertical wells in a heterogeneous structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    geophysics, sonic-log measurements and vertical seismic profiling VSP are two techniques which provide and Ludk Klimes1 ABSTRACT To compare the results of sonic-log measurements and of vertical seismic profiling VSP , sonic-log velocities are used to estimate the corresponding traveltime in the geologic

  8. Quantitative interpretation of pulsed neutron capture logs: Part 1 --Fast numerical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    for shoulder-bed effects on R logs acquired in sand- shale laminated reservoirs. Because of diffusion effects responses of pure-sand and pure- shale end members of the sedimentary sequence. We have developed a new of waterflood residual oil saturation via the log-inject-log procedure (Richardson et al., 1973; Reedy, 1984

  9. Status of space-based gamma-ray astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehler, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    Gamma-ray observations give us a direct view into the most extreme environments of the universe. They help us to study astronomical particle accelerators as supernovae remnants, pulsars, active galaxies or gamma-ray bursts and help us to understand the propagation of cosmic rays through our Milky Way. This article summarizes the status of gamma-ray observations from space; it is the write-up of a rapporteur talk given at the 34th ICRC in The Hague, The Netherlands. The primary instrument used in the presented studies is the Large Area Telescope on-board the Fermi Spacecraft, which images the whole gamma-ray sky at photon energies between 20 MeV and 2 TeV. The Fermi mission is currently in its 8th year of observations. This article will review many of the exciting discoveries made in this time, focusing on the most recent ones.

  10. Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Thomas Lawrence

    1969-01-01

    A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

  11. Determination of thermal neutron capture gamma yields.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Thomas Lawrence

    1969-01-01

    A method of analysing Ge(Li) thermal neutron capture gamma spectra to obtain total gamma yields has been developed. Tie method determines both the yields from the well resolved gamma peaks in a spectrum as well as the gamma ...

  12. Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Mészáros

    2012-04-12

    Gamma-ray bursts have been detected at photon energies up to tens of GeV. We review some recent developments in the X-ray to GeV photon phenomenology in the light of Swift and Fermi observations, and some of the theoretical models developed to explain them, with a view towards implications for C.T.A.

  13. Constraining the initial properties of Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Řstgaard, Nikolai

    Dissertation for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor (PhD) Department of Physics and Technology University of Bergen May 2014 #12;2 #12;Preface #12;ii Preface #12;Contents Preface i List of Figures v List of papers High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager . 5 2.1.3 Astrorivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero

  14. Property:FirstWellLog | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation,Property EditMimeType Jump to:FirstWellLog Jump to: navigation,

  15. Interaction region for gamma-gamma, gamma-electron collisions at linear colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valery Telnov

    2002-07-29

    Photon colliders (gamma-gamma, gamma-electron) are based on backward Compton scattering of laser light off the high energy electrons in linear colliders. All projects of linear colliders include this option. In this paper physics motivation, possible parameters and some interaction region aspects of photon colliders are discussed.

  16. Cloning, characterization and sub-cellular localization of gamma subunit of T-complex protein-1 (chaperonin) from Leishmania donovani

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhaskar,; Kumari, Neeti [Division of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Chattar Manzil Palace, PO Box 173, Lucknow (India)] [Division of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Chattar Manzil Palace, PO Box 173, Lucknow (India); Goyal, Neena, E-mail: neenacdri@yahoo.com [Division of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Chattar Manzil Palace, PO Box 173, Lucknow (India)] [Division of Biochemistry, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Chattar Manzil Palace, PO Box 173, Lucknow (India)

    2012-12-07

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The study presents cloning and characterization of TCP1{gamma} gene from L. donovani. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TCP1{gamma} is a subunit of T-complex protein-1 (TCP1), a chaperonin class of protein. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LdTCP{gamma} exhibited differential expression in different stages of promastigotes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LdTCP{gamma} co-localized with actin, a cytoskeleton protein. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The data suggests that this gene may have a role in differentiation/biogenesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First report on this chapronin in Leishmania. -- Abstract: T-complex protein-1 (TCP1) complex, a chaperonin class of protein, ubiquitous in all genera of life, is involved in intracellular assembly and folding of various proteins. The gamma subunit of TCP1 complex (TCP1{gamma}), plays a pivotal role in the folding and assembly of cytoskeleton protein(s) as an individual or complexed with other subunits. Here, we report for the first time cloning, characterization and expression of the TCP1{gamma} of Leishmania donovani (LdTCP1{gamma}), the causative agent of Indian Kala-azar. Primary sequence analysis of LdTCP1{gamma} revealed the presence of all the characteristic features of TCP1{gamma}. However, leishmanial TCP1{gamma} represents a distinct kinetoplastid group, clustered in a separate branch of the phylogenic tree. LdTCP1{gamma} exhibited differential expression in different stages of promastigotes. The non-dividing stationary phase promastigotes exhibited 2.5-fold less expression of LdTCP1{gamma} as compared to rapidly dividing log phase parasites. The sub-cellular distribution of LdTCP1{gamma} was studied in log phase promastigotes by employing indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. The protein was present not only in cytoplasm but it was also localized in nucleus, peri-nuclear region, flagella, flagellar pocket and apical region. Co-localization of LdTCP1{gamma} with actin suggests that, this gene may have a role in maintaining the structural dynamics of cytoskeleton of parasite.

  17. Log of Changes to IMA Mineral List This log file was begun in June 2010 to keep track of changes to the IMA list of minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downs, Robert T.

    1 Log of Changes to IMA Mineral List This log file was begun in June 2010 to keep track of changes to the IMA list of minerals at http://rruff.info/IMA. 2 August 2013: Eltyubyuite: New mineral descriptions of wadalite: a new mineral from the Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal

  18. Ion-induced gamma-ray detection of fast ions escaping from fusion plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishiura, M., E-mail: nishiura@ppl.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Mushiake, T. [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Doi, K.; Wada, M. [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe 610-0321 (Japan); Taniike, A.; Matsuki, T. [Graduate School of Maritime Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe 658-0022 (Japan); Shimazoe, K. [Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8654 (Japan); Yoshino, M. [Furukawa Co. Ltd., Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0856 (Japan); Nagasaka, T.; Tanaka, T.; Kisaki, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Fujimoto, Y.; Fujioka, K. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Yamaoka, H. [RIKEN SPring-8 center, RIKEN, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Matsumoto, Y. [Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770-8514 (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    A 12 × 12 pixel detector has been developed and used in a laboratory experiment for lost fast-ion diagnostics. With gamma rays in the MeV range originating from nuclear reactions {sup 9}Be(?, n?){sup 12}C, {sup 9}Be(d, n?){sup 12}C, and {sup 12}C(d, p?){sup 13}C, a high purity germanium (HPGe) detector measured a fine-energy-resolved spectrum of gamma rays. The HPGe detector enables the survey of background-gamma rays and Doppler-shifted photo peak shapes. In the experiments, the pixel detector produces a gamma-ray image reconstructed from the energy spectrum obtained from total photon counts of irradiation passing through the detector's lead collimator. From gamma-ray image, diagnostics are able to produce an analysis of the fast ion loss onto the first wall in principle.

  19. Power spectra and distribution of contrasts of natural images from different habitats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzywacz, Norberto

    Power spectra and distribution of contrasts of natural images from different habitats Rosario M, atmospheric and underwater habitats were compared. For these habitats, we looked at two measures of the power spectrum and one of the distributions of contrasts. From power spectra, we analyzed the log­log slope

  20. The Animated Gamma-ray Sky Revealed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Isabelle Grenier

    2010-01-08

    The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has been observing the sky in gamma-rays since August 2008.  In addition to breakthrough capabilities in energy coverage (20 MeV-300 GeV) and angular resolution, the wide field of view of the Large Area Telescope enables observations of 20% of the sky at any instant, and of the whole sky every three hours. It has revealed a very animated sky with bright gamma-ray bursts flashing and vanishing in minutes, powerful active galactic nuclei flaring over hours and days, many pulsars twinkling in the Milky Way, and X-ray binaries shimmering along their orbit. Most of these variable sources had not been seen by the Fermi predecessor, EGRET, and the wealth of new data already brings important clues to the origin of the high-energy emission and particles powered by the compact objects. The telescope also brings crisp images of the bright gamma-ray emission produced by cosmic-ray interactions in the interstellar medium, thus allowing to measure the cosmic nuclei and electron spectra across the Galaxy, to weigh interstellar clouds, in particular in the dark-gas phase. The telescope sensitivity at high energy will soon provide useful constraints on dark-matter annihilations in a variety of environments. I will review the current results and future prospects of the Fermi mission.

  1. LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeder, C. B.

    2010-01-01

    LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

  2. Interpretation of Pennsylvania Bartlesville sandstone in southeastern Kansas and northeastern Oklahoma from continuous dipmeter and gamma-ray logs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranz, Dwight Stanley

    1981-01-01

    represents the dune phase of sediment transport in the uppermost lower-flow regime. The massive, fine-grained sandstone unit (3) with rare low-angle cross laminations represents a transition from uppermost to lowermost lower-flow regime. The ripple...-laminated sandstones. The quartz content decreases upward from 47 to 37" while the matrix content increases upward from 35 to 47K within each compo- site bedset. These changes indicate deposition from decreasino flow regime currents. Isopach maps of the point...

  3. Galaxy rotation curves with log-normal density distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marr, John H

    2015-01-01

    The log-normal distribution represents the probability of finding randomly distributed particles in a micro canonical ensemble with high entropy. To a first approximation, a modified form of this distribution with a truncated termination may represent an isolated galactic disk, and this disk density distribution model was therefore run to give the best fit to the observational rotation curves for 37 representative galaxies. The resultant curves closely matched the observational data for a wide range of velocity profiles and galaxy types with rising, flat or descending curves in agreement with Verheijen's classification of 'R', 'F' and 'D' type curves, and the corresponding theoretical total disk masses could be fitted to a baryonic Tully Fisher relation (bTFR). Nine of the galaxies were matched to galaxies with previously published masses, suggesting a mean excess dynamic disk mass of dex0.61+/-0.26 over the baryonic masses. Although questionable with regard to other measurements of the shape of disk galaxy g...

  4. Object-Based Image Analysis of Downed Logs in Disturbed Forested Landscapes Using Lidar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2011-01-01

    for species, fuel for forest fires, and function as a keyis a fuel source for forest fires, and is a key component ofsite was burned by the Star Forest Fire in 2001, eight years

  5. Electric Micro Imager Log At Coso Geothermal Area (2003) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop, Inc Jump to:ElectraLink Jump to:

  6. COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO GEOTHERMAL

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County, California: Energy Resources JumpEmissionCapitalCMEA

  7. arXiv:0909.0288v2[math.AG]16May2010 GEOGRAPHY OF LOG MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheltsov, Ivan

    arXiv:0909.0288v2[math.AG]16May2010 GEOGRAPHY OF LOG MODELS: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS. V.V. SHOKUROV AND SUNG RAK CHOI Abstract. An introduction to geography of log models with ap- plications to positive 2. Geography of log models 2 3. Positive cones 13 4. Finiteness results for log models 18 5

  8. Simultaneous beta and gamma spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farsoni, Abdollah T. (Corvallis, OR); Hamby, David M. (Corvallis, OR)

    2010-03-23

    A phoswich radiation detector for simultaneous spectroscopy of beta rays and gamma rays includes three scintillators with different decay time characteristics. Two of the three scintillators are used for beta detection and the third scintillator is used for gamma detection. A pulse induced by an interaction of radiation with the detector is digitally analyzed to classify the type of event as beta, gamma, or unknown. A pulse is classified as a beta event if the pulse originated from just the first scintillator alone or from just the first and the second scintillator. A pulse from just the third scintillator is recorded as gamma event. Other pulses are rejected as unknown events.

  9. Lithology and well log study of Campbell E-2 geothermal test...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lithology and well log study of Campbell E-2 geothermal test well, Humboldt House geothermal prospect, Pershing County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  10. Complete Two-Loop Corrections to H -> gamma gamma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giampiero Passarino; Christian Sturm; Sandro Uccirati

    2007-07-10

    In this paper the complete two-loop corrections to the Higgs-boson decay, H -> gamma gamma, are presented. The evaluations of both QCD and electroweak corrections are based on a numerical approach. The results cover all kinematical regions, including the WW normal-threshold, by introducing complex masses in the relevant (gauge-invariant) parts of the LO and NLO amplitudes.

  11. SciTech Connect: "gamma ray bursts"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    gamma ray bursts" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "gamma ray bursts" Semantic Semantic Term Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data:...

  12. SIMULATION OF RESISTIVITY LOGGING-WHILE-DRILLING (LWD) MEASUREMENTS USING A SELF-ADAPTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SIMULATION OF RESISTIVITY LOGGING-WHILE-DRILLING (LWD) MEASUREMENTS USING A SELF-ADAPTIVE GOAL simulate electromagnetic (EM) measurements acquired with a Logging-While- Drilling (LWD) instrument-oriented hp-adaptivity becomes essential to simulate LWD instruments, since it reduces the computational cost

  13. Annual Logging Symposium, May 14-18, 2011 RAPID MODELING OF LWD NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS ACQUIRED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SPWLA 52nd Annual Logging Symposium, May 14-18, 2011 1 RAPID MODELING OF LWD NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS Reliable interpretation of nuclear logging-while-drilling (LWD) measurements acquired in thinly-sector LWD responses in high-angle and horizontal (HA/HZ) wells. We introduce a fast method for numerical

  14. IPL-P: In-Page Logging with PCRAM Kangnyeon Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Bongki

    of flash memory. We report a few advantages of this new design that will make IPL more suitable for flashIPL-P: In-Page Logging with PCRAM Kangnyeon Kim School of Info. & Comm. Engr. Sungkyunkwan (IPL) by augment- ing it with Phase Change RAM (PCRAM) in its log area. IPL is a buffer and storage

  15. Accelerating In-Page Logging with Non-Volatile Memory Sang-Won Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Bongki

    memory. We report a few advantages of this new design that will make IPL more suitable for flash memory competitive in both capacity and price. In this paper, we present an improved design of In-Page Logging (IPL) by augmenting it with phase change RAM (PCRAM) in its log area. IPL is a buffer and storage man- agement

  16. MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CENTERS STUDENT SERVICES ACTIVITY LOG/EVENT RECORD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CENTERS STUDENT SERVICES ACTIVITY LOG/EVENT RECORD Use this log for all): (Check one) ______ GENDER: RACE/ETHNICITY: ___ Mathematics ____ Female ___ Am. Indian/Alaska Native student career and college ___ Mathematics awareness in STEM fields? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Science

  17. Computing Reliability Distributions of Windowed Max-log-map (MLM) Detectors : ISI Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    Computing Reliability Distributions of Windowed Max-log-map (MLM) Detectors : ISI Channels Fabian-log-map (MLM) detector has well-known appli- cations to the intersymbol interefence (ISI) channel [1, ¡ ¡ ¡ , is trans- mitted across the ISI channel. Let the following random This work was performed when F. Lim

  18. Discovering Block-Structured Process Models From Event Logs -A Constructive Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Discovering Block-Structured Process Models From Event Logs - A Constructive Approach S University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB, Eindhoven, The Netherlands Abstract Process discovery is the problem of, given a log of observed behaviour, finding a process model that `best' describes

  19. Down the borehole but outside the box: innovative approaches to wireline log data interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodin, Thomas

    Down the borehole but outside the box: innovative approaches to wireline log data interpretation or more different properties, with depth down a borehole. They are routinely correlated with, and, such as oil and gas, wireline log interpretation is highly developed. In other industries, such as geothermal

  20. Adaptive Fluid Electrical Conductivity Logging to Determine the Salinity Profiles in Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel

    quality data ­ existing production wells mostly used for emergency water supply ˇ High cost of groundwater packers #12;Down-hole tool in difference flow logging (DIFF) #12;Flowing electrical conductivity logging water of constant salinity distinctly different from that of formation water). 2. Shut in well and lower

  1. P2P Logging and Timestamping for Reconciliation Mounir Tlili, W. Kokou Dedzoe,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂŠ de

    P2P Logging and Timestamping for Reconciliation Mounir Tlili, W. Kokou Dedzoe, Esther Pacitti-INRIA {FirstName.LastName}@loria.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we address data reconciliation in peer-to-peer (P2P) collaborative applications. We propose P2P-LTR (Logging and Timestamping for Reconciliation) which provides P2P

  2. PROCESS MINING OF EVENT LOGS IN AUDITING: OPPORTUNITIES AND Hasselt University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 PROCESS MINING OF EVENT LOGS IN AUDITING: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Mieke Jans Hasselt 15, 20101 1 Comments are welcome and may be addressed to mieke.jans@uhasselt.be. #12;2 PROCESS MINING that process mining of event logs can provide to internal and external auditors. Process mining aims to extract

  3. Discovering Structured Event Logs from Unstructured Audit Trails for Workflow Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discovering Structured Event Logs from Unstructured Audit Trails for Workflow Mining Liqiang Geng1@ucalgary.ca, {larry.korba, hongyu.liu, yunlin.wang}@nrc.gc.ca Abstract. Workflow mining aims to find graph workflow mining techniques mainly deal with well-structured and -symbolized event logs. In most real

  4. THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION;2 THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION IN INDONESIA (CIFOR). ISSN 0967-8875 #12;3 Abstract: This paper considers the scale and underlying causes of recent

  5. Measuring the Effect of Selective Logging on Tropical Forest-Atmosphere Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goulden, Michael L.

    and low impact extraction methods 1. Conventional Selective Logging: ˇLarge percent of canopy/soil can takes advantage of newly available PAR. ˇ Reduced Impact Logging and/or Light Harvest resulted in little disturbance. ˇ These are dry season data - chambers indicate decomposition is water limited. POSSIBLE

  6. Reservoir parameters estimation from well log and core data: a case study from the North Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Reservoir parameters estimation from well log and core data: a case study from the North Sea Jun approach to derive reservoir parameters from core and well-log data in clay­sand mixtures. This method volume, clay content, permeability and fluid saturation. This information is then fed into a velocity

  7. Annual Logging Symposium, June 19-23, 2010 JOINT PROCESSING OF FORWARD AND BACKWARD EXTENDED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Copyright 2010, held jointly by the Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts (SPWLA) and the submitting authors. This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPWLA 51st Annual Logging Symposium held the assessment of drilling-induced formation damage because it associates high- and low-frequency slownesses

  8. human_subjects_payment_log_less_fifty.docx LAST UPDATED: March 16, 2012 Financial Operations Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Gexin

    human_subjects_payment_log_less_fifty.docx LAST UPDATED: March 16, 2012 Financial Operations and Mary Human Subject Payment Log (HSPL) (Use when payment to human subject(s) is $50 or less) RELATED POLICY: Paying Human Subjects for Research Studies The College of William and Mary (the College

  9. Integration of Geology, Rock-Physics, Logs, and Pre-stack Seismic for Reservoir Porosity Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Muhaidib, Abdulaziz

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to obtain reservoir properties, such as porosity, both at the well locations and in the inter-well regions from seismic data and well logs. The seismic and well-log datasets are from an ...

  10. Annual Logging Symposium, June 19-23, 2010 QUANTITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF PULSED NEUTRON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    for shoulder-bed effects on PNC logs acquired in sand- shale laminated reservoirs. Due to diffusion effects the sigma responses of pure-sand and pure-shale end members of the sedimentary sequence. We introduce a new measurements. The extension of time-lapse logging in waterflooded reservoirs is the estimation of waterflood

  11. Android Diabetes Log Book E-mail: kongkamol@kku.ac.th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    Android Diabetes Log Book 1 2 3 1 . . 40002 2, 3 . . 40002 E-mail: kongkamol@kku.ac.th Abstract. Generally, the patients record their health conditions in patients' log book. An android application had. Keywords: android application, diabetes 4.07 5.00 , 1. 285 . . 2573 435 . . 2552 558,156 7,019 [1] 15 7% [2

  12. Coal-log pipeline system development. Fifth quarterly report, August 25, 1991--November 25, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, H.

    1991-12-01

    Project tasks include: (1) Perform the necessary testing and development to demonstrate that the amount of binder in coal logs can be reduced to 8% or lower to produce logs with adequate strength to eliminate breakage during pipeline transportation, under conditions experienced in long distance pipeline systems. Prior to conducting any testing and demonstration, grantee shall perform an information search and make full determination of all previous attempts to extrude or briquette coal, upon which the testing and demonstration shall be based. (2) Perform the necessary development to demonstrate a small model of the most promising injection system for coal-logs, and tests the logs produced. (3) Conduct economic analysis of coal-log pipeline, based upon the work to date. Refine and complete the economic model. (VC)

  13. Towards an improved understanding of eta --> gamma^* gamma^*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, C W; Hanhart, C; Kubis, B; Meißner, U -G; Wirzba, A

    2015-01-01

    We argue that high-quality data on the reaction $e^+e^-\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\eta$ will allow one to determine the double off-shell form factor $\\eta \\to \\gamma^*\\gamma^*$ in a model-independent way with controlled accuracy. This is an important step towards a reliable evaluation of the hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. When analyzing the existing data for $e^+e^- \\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\eta$ in the range of total energies $1\\text{GeV}^2off-shell form factor $F_{\\eta\\gamma^*\\gamma^*}(Q_1^2,Q_2^2)$ is consistent with the commonly employed factorization ansatz at least for $Q_1^2<1\\text{GeV}^2$, if the effect of the $a_2$ meson is taken into account. However, better data are needed to draw firm conclusions.

  14. Tumor SNR Analysis in Scintimammography by Dedicated High Contrast Imager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanconelli, Nico

    Tumor SNR Analysis in Scintimammography by Dedicated High Contrast Imager Maria Nerina Cinti del Guerra-Senior Member IEEE Abstract-- The introduction of a new gamma camera fully dedicated (40-50%) for tumors with smaller size [1]. The introduction of a new gamma camera fully dedicated

  15. Inverse Gamma Distribution John D. Cook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, John D.

    Inverse Gamma Distribution John D. Cook October 3, 2008 Abstract These notes write up some basic facts regarding the inverse gamma distribution, also called the inverted gamma distribution. In a sense this distribution is unnecessary: it has the same distribution as the reciprocal of a gamma distribution. However

  16. Gamma ray bursts ROBERT S MACKAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rourke, Colin

    Gamma ray bursts ROBERT S MACKAY COLIN ROURKE We propose that a gamma ray burst is a kinematic Gamma ray bursts are intense flashes of electromagnetic radiation of cosmic origin lasting from ten accepted mechanism. We propose that a gamma ray burst is simply a kinematic effect, namely the effect

  17. Gamma-Ray Burst Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael S. Briggs

    1999-10-20

    The evidence for spectral features in gamma-ray bursts is summarized. As a guide for evaluating the evidence, the properties of gamma-ray detectors and the methods of analyzing gamma-ray spectra are reviewed. In the 1980's, observations indicated that absorption features below 100 keV were present in a large fraction of bright gamma-ray bursts. There were also reports of emission features around 400 keV. During the 1990's the situation has become much less clear. A small fraction of bursts observed with BATSE have statistically significant low-energy features, but the reality of the features is suspect because in several cases the data of the BATSE detectors appear to be inconsistent. Furthermore, most of the possible features appear in emission rather than the expected absorption. Analysis of data from other instruments has either not been finalized or has not detected lines.

  18. An Interaction Region for Gamma-Gamma and Gamma-Electron Collisions at TESLA/SBLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Brinkmann; I. Ginzburg; N. Holtkamp; G. Jikia; O. Napoly; E. Saldin; E. Schneidmiller; V. Serbo; G. Silvestrov; V. Telnov; A. Undrus; M. Yurkov

    1997-07-08

    Linear colliders offer unique opportunities to study gamma-gamma (gg), gamma-electron (ge) interactions. Using the laser backscattering method one can obtain gg, ge colliding beams with an energy and luminosity comparable to that in e+e- collisions. This work is a part of the Conceptual Design of TESLA/SBLC linear colliders describing a second interaction region for gg, ge collisions. We consider here possible physics in high energy gg, ge collisions, e -> g conversion, requirements to lasers, collision schemes, attainable luminosities, backgrounds, possible lasers, optics at the interaction region and other associated problems.

  19. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, L.H.

    1995-10-17

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

  20. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, L.H.

    1994-08-16

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

  1. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

    1995-01-01

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

  2. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

  3. Gamma Ray Bursts and CETI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank D. Smith Jr

    1993-02-10

    Gamma ray burst sources are isotropically distributed. They could be located at distances $\\sim 1000$ AU. (Katz \\cite{JK92}) GRB signals have many narrow peaks that are unresolved at the millisecond time resolution of existing observations. \\cite{JK87} CETI could use stars as gravitational lenses for interstellar gamma ray laser beam communication. Much better time resolution of GRB signals could rule out (or confirm?) the speculative hypothesis that GRB = CETI.

  4. Gamma-RayGamma-Ray Bursts: from SwiftBursts: from Swift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Gamma-RayGamma-Ray Bursts: from SwiftBursts: from Swift to GLASTto GLAST Bing ZhangBing ZhangGehrels, et al), et al) #12;Gamma-ray bursts: the mostGamma-ray bursts: the most violent explosions fireball central photosphere internal external shocks engine (shocks) (reverse) (forward) gamma-ray UV

  5. A deep high-resolution optical log of dust, ash, and stratigraphy in South Pole glacial ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woschnagg, Kurt

    A deep high-resolution optical log of dust, ash, and stratigraphy in South Pole glacial ice N. E (2005), A deep high-resolution optical log of dust, ash, and stratigraphy in South Pole glacial ice

  6. Identifying Complex Fluvial Sandstone Reservoirs Using Core, Well Log, and 3D Seismic Data: Cretaceous Cedar Mountain and Dakota Formations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    core, well-log, and 3D seismic data. The detailed stratigraphy and sedimentology of the interval were

  7. An Analytical Expression for the Hubble diagram of supernovae and gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Marie Vigoureux; Bernard Vigoureux; Michel Langlois

    2014-11-12

    A recent paper by Harmut Traunm\\"uller shows that the most adequate equation to interpret the observations on magnitude and redshift from 892 type 1a supernovae would be mu = 5 log[(1+z) ln(1+z)] + const. We discuss this result which is exacly the one we have obtained few years ago when postulating a relation between the speed of light and the expansion of the universe. We also compare our analytical result to the conclusion of Marosi who studied 280 supernovae and gamma-ray bursts in the range 0.1014 < z < 8.1. The difference between his results and ours is at worst of 0.3 %.

  8. Crystal diffraction lens telescope for focusing nuclear gamma rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smither, R.K.; Fernandez, P.B.; Graber, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source; Ballmoos, P. von; Naya, J.; Albernhe, F.; Vedrenne, G. [Centre d`Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, Toulouse (France); Faiz, M. [KFUPM, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Physics Dept.

    1996-08-01

    A crystal diffraction lens was constructed at Argonne National Laboratory for use as a telescope to focus nuclear gamma rays. It consisted of 600 single crystals of germanium arranged in 8 concentric rings. The mounted angle of each crystal was adjusted to intercept and diffract the incoming gamma rays with an accuracy of a few arc sec. The performance of the lens was tested in two ways. In one case, the gamma rays were focused on a single medium size germanium detector. In the second case, the gamma rays were focused on the central germanium detector of a 3 x 3 matrix of small germanium detectors. The efficiency, image concentration and image quality, and shape were measured. The tests performed with the 3 x 3 matrix detector system were particularly interesting. The wanted radiation was concentrated in the central detector. The 8 other detectors were used to detect the Compton scattered radiation, and their energy was summed with coincident events in the central detector. This resulted in a detector with the efficiency of a large detector (all 9 elements) and the background of a small detector (only the central element). The use of the 3 x 3 detector matrix makes it possible to tell if the source is off axis and, if so, to tell in which direction. The crystal lens acts very much like a simple convex lens for visible light. Thus if the source is off to the left then the image will focus off to the right illuminating the detector on the right side: telling one in which direction to point the telescope. Possible applications of this type of crystal lens to balloon and satellite experiments will be discussed.

  9. And the remaining 22 photons: The development of gamma ray and gamma ray burst astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V

    2005-01-01

    goblins and cosmic gamma ray bursts. Astrophysics and Spacelinear alignments of gamma-ray burst sources. Journal of theE.E. (eds. ), 1992. Gamma Ray Bursts. Cambridge, Cambridge

  10. In cooperation with the University of Waterloo, Canada Application of Advanced Geophysical Logging Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singha, Kamini

    .S. Geological Survey #12;2 Figure 1. Location of Rocketdyne Santa Susana Field Laboratory and logged boreholes sandstone and mudstone at the Rocketdyne Santa Susana Field ,, in southern Ventura County, California (fig

  11. A comparison of logging while drilling (LWD) and wireline acoustic measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Victoria Alice, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    The instruments used to measure borehole acoustic data can be classified as either wireline or logging while drilling (LWD). The wireline tool measures formation speeds after the borehole is drilled, and the LWD tool ...

  12. Elimination of LWD (Logging-While-Drilling) Tool Modes Using Seismoelectric Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Xin

    2006-01-01

    Borehole acoustic logging-while-drilling (LWD) for formation evaluation has become an indispensable part of hydrocarbon reservoir assessment (Tang et al., 2002; Cittá et al., 2004; Esmersoy et al., 2005). However, the ...

  13. A TALE OF TWO (SIMILAR) CITIES: Inferring City Similarity Through Geo-Spatial Query Log Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    a variety of more in-depth information about households. Advertisers often use the high-level information in the US. In contrast to the Census studies, passive studies of search engine query logs have become common

  14. Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanyel, Emre Doruk

    2006-10-30

    The relatively new method of using wavelets in well log analysis is a powerful tool for defining multiple superimposed scales of lithic trends and contacts. Interpreting depositional processes associated with different scales of vertical variation...

  15. Navigation to Important information on Raiderlink/Webraider Portal: Log into Raiderlink/WebRaider Portal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Navigation to Important information on Raiderlink/Webraider Portal: Log into Raiderlink/WebRaider Portal: TTU and TTUSA employees: http://raiderlink.ttu.edu: HSC: http://webraider.ttuhsc.edu: Select TTU

  16. Sonic Logging in Deviated Boreholes in an Anisotropic Formation: Laboratory Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhenya

    2006-01-01

    Deepwater field development requires drilling of deviated or horizontal wells. Most formations encountered can be highly anisotropic and P- and S-wave velocities vary with propagation directions. Sonic logs acquired in ...

  17. High-energy photon transport modeling for oil-well logging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Erik D., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Nuclear oil well logging tools utilizing radioisotope sources of photons are used ubiquitously in oilfields throughout the world. Because of safety and security concerns, there is renewed interest in shifting to ...

  18. FrogLog 21 (3), Number 107 (July 2013) | 1 Survival Alliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreone, Franco

    FrogLog 21 (3), Number 107 (July 2013) | 1 Amphibian Survival Alliance Website Urban Amphibians and The Environment. Plant nursery and water quality Fifteen hundred essential oil plants belonging to the species

  19. Annual Logging Symposium, May 14-18, 2011 QUANTIFYING WETTABILITY ALTERATION DURING OIL-BASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    by the Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts (SPWLA) and the submitting authors. This paper and efficiency of drilling, reduce borehole washouts, achieve better borehole control, and minimize the swelling

  20. Precise inversion of logged slownesses for elastic parameters in a gas shale formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Douglas E.

    Dipole sonic log data recorded in a vertical pilot well and the associated production well are analyzed over a 200×1100-ft section of a North American gas shale formation. The combination of these two wells enables angular ...

  1. Technical memorandum on analysis of the EU ETS using the community independent transaction log

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuinness, Meghan

    2007-01-01

    This memorandum provides an overview of three deficiencies within the current presentation of the Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) data that have implications for researchers' ability to accurately analyze the ...

  2. Field Test of a Low-Frequency Sparker Source for Acoustic Waveform Logging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paillet, Frederick L.

    1984-01-01

    Low-frequency acoustic-energy sources for waveform logging have important applications in: 1) Verifying theoretical calculations; 2) generating tube waves in large-diameter boreholes; and 3) providing larger sample volumes ...

  3. Full Waveform Acoustic Logging - Where We Are, Where We Are Going

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toksoz, M. Nafi

    1984-01-01

    We have now completed the second year of the Full Waveform Acoustic Logging Consortium. During these two years, we have developed a good understanding of seismic wave propagation in a borehole through both theoretical ...

  4. Reduced impact logging minimally alters tropical rainforest carbon and energy exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Brazil | Amazon | land use | micrometeorology D eforestation in the tropics affects the land–atmosphere ex- change of trace gases and energyand energy (Wˇm ?2 ) ?uxes, calculated as (? = logged ? unlogged), in Tapajos National Forest, Para, Brazil.

  5. deep highresolution optical log dust, ash, and stratigraphy South Pole glacial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woschnagg, Kurt

    deep high­resolution optical log dust, ash, and stratigraphy South Pole glacial Bramall, Bay, Rohde, Price (2005), high­resolution optical dust, stratigraphy South Pole glacial Geophys. Res. Lett

  6. Transport coefficients in high temperature gauge theories: (I) Leading-log results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Arnold; Guy D. Moore; Laurence G. Yaffe

    2000-10-16

    Leading-log results are derived for the shear viscosity, electrical conductivity, and flavor diffusion constants in both Abelian and non-Abelian high temperature gauge theories with various matter field content.

  7. Implications of final L3 measurement of {sigma}{sub tot}({gamma}{gamma}{yields}bb)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chyla, Jiri

    2006-02-01

    The excess of data on the total cross section of bb production in {gamma}{gamma} collisions over QCD predictions, observed by L3, OPAL and DELPHI Collaborations at LEP2, has so far defied explanation. The recent final analysis of L3 data has brought important new information concerning the dependence of the observed excess on the {gamma}{gamma} collisions energy W{sub {gamma}}{sub {gamma}}. The implications of this dependence are discussed.

  8. AGATA - Advanced Gamma Tracking Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Akkoyun; A. Algora; B. Alikhani; F. Ameil; G. de Angelis; L. Arnold; A. Astier; A. Ataç; Y. Aubert; C. Aufranc; A. Austin; S. Aydin; F. Azaiez; S. Badoer; D. L. Balabanski; D. Barrientos; G. Baulieu; R. Baumann; D. Bazzacco; F. A. Beck; T. Beck; P. Bednarczyk; M. Bellato; M. A. Bentley; G. Benzoni; R. Berthier; L. Berti; R. Beunard; G. Lo Bianco; B. Birkenbach; P. G. Bizzeti; A. M. Bizzeti-Sona; F. Le Blanc; J. M. Blasco; N. Blasi; D. Bloor; C. Boiano; M. Borsato; D. Bortolato; A. J. Boston; H. C. Boston; P. Bourgault; P. Boutachkov; A. Bouty; A. Bracco; S. Brambilla; I. P. Brawn; A. Brondi; S. Broussard; B. Bruyneel; D. Bucurescu; I. Burrows; A. Bürger; S. Cabaret; B. Cahan; E. Calore; F. Camera; A. Capsoni; F. Carrió; G. Casati; M. Castoldi; B. Cederwall; J. -L. Cercus; V. Chambert; M. El Chambit; R. Chapman; L. Charles; J. Chavas; E. Clément; P. Cocconi; S. Coelli; P. J. Coleman-Smith; A. Colombo; S. Colosimo; C. Commeaux; D. Conventi; R. J. Cooper; A. Corsi; A. Cortesi; L. Costa; F. C. L. Crespi; J. R. Cresswell; D. M. Cullen; D. Curien; A. Czermak; D. Delbourg; R. Depalo; T. Descombes; P. Désesquelles; P. Detistov; C. Diarra; F. Didierjean; M. R. Dimmock; Q. T. Doan; C. Domingo-Pardo; M. Doncel; F. Dorangeville; N. Dosme; Y. Drouen; G. Duchęne; B. Dulny; J. Eberth; P. Edelbruck; J. Egea; T. Engert; M. N. Erduran; S. Ertürk; C. Fanin; S. Fantinel; E. Farnea; T. Faul; M. Filliger; F. Filmer; Ch. Finck; G. de France; A. Gadea; W. Gast; A. Geraci; J. Gerl; R. Gernhäuser; A. Giannatiempo; A. Giaz; L. Gibelin; A. Givechev; N. Goel; V. González; A. Gottardo; X. Grave; J. Gr?bosz; R. Griffiths; A. N. Grint; P. Gros; L. Guevara; M. Gulmini; A. Görgen; H. T. M. Ha; T. Habermann; L. J. Harkness; H. Harroch; K. Hauschild; C. He; A. Hernández-Prieto; B. Hervieu; H. Hess; T. Hüyük; E. Ince; R. Isocrate; G. Jaworski; A. Johnson; J. Jolie; P. Jones; B. Jonson; P. Joshi; D. S. Judson; A. Jungclaus; M. Kaci; N. Karkour; M. Karolak; A. Ka?ka?; M. Kebbiri; R. S. Kempley; A. Khaplanov; S. Klupp; M. Kogimtzis; I. Kojouharov; A. Korichi; W. Korten; Th. Kröll; R. Krücken; N. Kurz; B. Y. Ky; M. Labiche; X. Lafay; L. Lavergne; I. H. Lazarus; S. Leboutelier; F. Lefebvre; E. Legay; L. Legeard; F. Lelli; S. M. Lenzi; S. Leoni; A. Lermitage; D. Lersch; J. Leske; S. C. Letts; S. Lhenoret; R. M. Lieder; D. Linget; J. Ljungvall; A. Lopez-Martens; A. Lotodé; S. Lunardi; A. Maj; J. van der Marel; Y. Mariette; N. Marginean; R. Marginean; G. Maron; A. R. Mather; W. M?czy?ski; V. Mendéz; P. Medina; B. Melon; R. Menegazzo; D. Mengoni; E. Merchan; L. Mihailescu; C. Michelagnoli; J. Mierzejewski; L. Milechina; B. Million; K. Mitev; P. Molini; D. Montanari; S. Moon; F. Morbiducci; R. Moro; P. S. Morrall; O. Möller; A. Nannini; D. R. Napoli; L. Nelson; M. Nespolo; V. L. Ngo; M. Nicoletto; R. Nicolini; Y. Le Noa; P. J. Nolan; M. Norman; J. Nyberg; A. Obertelli; A. Olariu; R. Orlandi; D. C. Oxley; C. Özben; M. Ozille; C. Oziol; E. Pachoud; M. Palacz; J. Palin; J. Pancin; C. Parisel; P. Pariset; G. Pascovici; R. Peghin; L. Pellegri; A. Perego; S. Perrier; M. Petcu; P. Petkov; C. Petrache; E. Pierre; N. Pietralla; S. Pietri; M. Pignanelli; I. Piqueras; Z. Podolyak; P. Le Pouhalec; J. Pouthas; D. Pugnére; V. F. E. Pucknell; A. Pullia; B. Quintana; R. Raine; G. Rainovski; L. Ramina; G. Rampazzo; G. La Rana; M. Rebeschini; F. Recchia; N. Redon; M. Reese; P. Reiter; P. H. Regan; S. Riboldi; M. Richer; M. Rigato; S. Rigby; G. Ripamonti; A. P. Robinson; J. Robin; J. Roccaz; J. -A. Ropert; B. Rossé; C. Rossi Alvarez; D. Rosso; B. Rubio; D. Rudolph; F. Saillant; E. ?ahin; F. Salomon; M. -D. Salsac; J. Salt; G. Salvato; J. Sampson; E. Sanchis; C. Santos; H. Schaffner; M. Schlarb; D. P. Scraggs; D. Seddon; M. ?enyi?it; M. -H. Sigward; G. Simpson; J. Simpson; M. Slee; J. F. Smith; P. Sona; B. Sowicki; P. Spolaore; C. Stahl; T. Stanios; E. Stefanova; O. Stézowski; J. Strachan; G. Suliman; P. -A. Söderström; J. L. Tain; S. Tanguy; S. Tashenov; Ch. Theisen; J. Thornhill; F. Tomasi; N. Toniolo; R. Touzery; B. Travers; A. Triossi; M. Tripon; K. M. M. Tun-Lanoë; M. Turcato; C. Unsworth; C. A. Ur; J. J. Valiente-Dobon; V. Vandone; E. Vardaci; R. Venturelli; F. Veronese; Ch. Veyssiere; E. Viscione; R. Wadsworth; P. M. Walker; N. Warr; C. Weber; D. Weisshaar; D. Wells; O. Wieland; A. Wiens; G. Wittwer; H. J. Wollersheim; F. Zocca; N. V. Zamfir; M. Zi?bli?ski; A. Zucchiatti

    2012-09-17

    The Advanced GAmma Tracking Array (AGATA) is a European project to develop and operate the next generation gamma-ray spectrometer. AGATA is based on the technique of gamma-ray energy tracking in electrically segmented high-purity germanium crystals. This technique requires the accurate determination of the energy, time and position of every interaction as a gamma ray deposits its energy within the detector volume. Reconstruction of the full interaction path results in a detector with very high efficiency and excellent spectral response. The realization of gamma-ray tracking and AGATA is a result of many technical advances. These include the development of encapsulated highly-segmented germanium detectors assembled in a triple cluster detector cryostat, an electronics system with fast digital sampling and a data acquisition system to process the data at a high rate. The full characterization of the crystals was measured and compared with detector-response simulations. This enabled pulse-shape analysis algorithms, to extract energy, time and position, to be employed. In addition, tracking algorithms for event reconstruction were developed. The first phase of AGATA is now complete and operational in its first physics campaign. In the future AGATA will be moved between laboratories in Europe and operated in a series of campaigns to take advantage of the different beams and facilities available to maximize its science output. The paper reviews all the achievements made in the AGATA project including all the necessary infrastructure to operate and support the spectrometer.

  9. Results of investigations at the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala: Well logging and brine geochemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, A.; Dennis, B.; Van Eeckhout, E.; Goff, F.; Lawton, R.; Trujillo, P.E.; Counce, D.; Archuleta, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Medina, V. (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Unidad de Desarollo Geotermico)

    1991-07-01

    The well logging team from Los Alamos and its counterpart from Central America were tasked to investigate the condition of four producing geothermal wells in the Zunil Geothermal Field. The information obtained would be used to help evaluate the Zunil geothermal reservoir in terms of possible additional drilling and future power plant design. The field activities focused on downhole measurements in four production wells (ZCQ-3, ZCQ-4, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6). The teams took measurements of the wells in both static (shut-in) and flowing conditions, using the high-temperature well logging tools developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two well logging missions were conducted in the Zunil field. In October 1988 measurements were made in well ZCQ-3, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6. In December 1989 the second field operation logged ZCQ-4 and repeated logs in ZCQ-3. Both field operations included not only well logging but the collecting of numerous fluid samples from both thermal and nonthermal waters. 18 refs., 22 figs., 7 tabs.

  10. Coaxial Mono-Energetic Gamma Generator for Active Interrogation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludewigt, Bernhard A.

    2010-01-01

    Mono-Energetic Gamma Generator for Active Interrogation B.A.4. Coaxial gamma generator installed in the teststand. Thethe design of a gamma generator comparatively small and

  11. The neutron-gamma Feynman variance to mean approach: gamma detection and total neutron-gamma detection (theory and practice)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dina Chernikova; Kĺre Axell; Senada Avdic; Imre Pázsit; Anders Nordlund

    2015-01-23

    Two versions of the neutron-gamma variance to mean (Feynman-alpha method or Feynman-Y function) formula for either gamma detection only or total neutron-gamma detection, respectively, are derived and compared in this paper. The new formulas have a particular importance for detectors of either gamma photons or detectors sensitive to both neutron and gamma radiation. If applied to a plastic or liquid scintillation detector, the total neutron-gamma detection Feynman-Y expression corresponds to a situation where no discrimination is made between neutrons and gamma particles. The gamma variance to mean formulas are useful when a detector of only gamma radiation is used or when working with a combined neutron-gamma detector at high count rates. The theoretical derivation is based on the Chapman-Kolmogorov equation with inclusion of general reactions and passage intensities for neutrons and gammas, but with the inclusion of prompt reactions only. A one energy group approximation is considered. The comparison of the two different theories is made by using reaction intensities obtained in MCNPX simulations with a simplified geometry for two scintillation detectors and a 252Cf-source enclosed in a steel container. In addition, the variance to mean ratios, neutron, gamma and total neutron-gamma, are evaluated experimentally for a weak 252Cf neutron-gamma source in a steel container, a 137Cs random gamma source and a 22Na correlated gamma source. Due to the focus being on the possibility of using neutron-gamma variance to mean theories for both reactor and safeguards applications, we limited the present study to the general analytical expressions for Feynman-Y formulas.

  12. Beta-gamma discriminator circuit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erkkila, B.H.; Wolf, M.A.; Eisen, Y.; Unruh, W.P.; Brake, R.J.

    1984-01-01

    The major difficulty encountered in the determination of beta-ray dose in field conditions is generally the presence of a relatively high gamma-ray component. Conventional dosimetry instruments use a shield on the detector to estimate the gamma-ray component in comparison with the beta-ray component. More accurate dosimetry information can be obtained from the measured beta spectrum itself. At Los Alamos, a detector and discriminator circuit suitable for use in a portable spectrometer have been developed. This instrument will discriminate between gammas and betas in a mixed field. The portable package includes a 256-channel MCA which can be programmed to give a variety of outputs, including a spectral display, and may be programmed to read dose directly.

  13. Gamma source for active interrogation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Ngo; Lou, Tak Pui; Barletta, William A.

    2012-10-02

    A cylindrical gamma generator includes a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A hydrogen plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical gamma generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which has many openings. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired.

  14. Gamma source for active interrogation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Lou, Tak Pui (Berkeley, CA); Barletta, William A. (Oakland, CA)

    2009-09-29

    A cylindrical gamma generator includes a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A hydrogen plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical gamma generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which has many openings. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired.

  15. Test Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test Images. I hope to have a set of test images for the course soon. Some images are available now; some will have to wait until I can find another 100-200

  16. Optimizing future imaging survey of galaxies to confront dark energy and modified gravity models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazuhiro Yamamoto; David Parkinson; Takashi Hamana; Robert C. Nichol; Yasushi Suto

    2007-07-22

    We consider the extent to which future imaging surveys of galaxies can distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity models for the origin of the cosmic acceleration. Dynamical dark energy models may have similar expansion rates as models of modified gravity, yet predict different growth of structure histories. We parameterize the cosmic expansion by the two parameters, $w_0$ and $w_a$, and the linear growth rate of density fluctuations by Linder's $\\gamma$, independently. Dark energy models generically predict $\\gamma \\approx 0.55$, while the DGP model $\\gamma \\approx 0.68$. To determine if future imaging surveys can constrain $\\gamma$ within 20 percent (or $\\Delta\\gammafuture CMB observations.

  17. Gamma Ray Burst and Soft Gamma Repeaters. Spinning, Precessing Gamma Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Fargion

    1999-06-28

    Gamma Ray Bursts as recent GRB990123 and GRB990510 are observed to occur in cosmic volumes with a corresponding output reaching, for isotropic explosions, energies as large as two solar masses annihilation. These energies are underestimated because of the neglected role of comparable ejected neutrinos bursts. These extreme power cannot be explained with any standard spherically symmetric Fireball model. A too heavy black hole or Star would be unable to coexist with the shortest millisecond time structure of Gamma ray Burst. Beaming of the gamma radiation may overcome the energy puzzle. However any mild explosive beam $(\\Omega > 10^{-2})$ should not solve the jet containment at those disruptive energies. Only extreme beaming $(\\Omega < 10^{-8})$, by a slow decaying, but long-lived precessing jet, it may coexist with characteristic Supernova energies, apparent GRBs output, statistics as well as their connection with older and nearer SGRs relics.

  18. NEUTRON IMAGING, RADIOGRAPHY AND TOMOGRAPHY.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMITH,G.C.

    2002-03-01

    Neutrons are an invaluable probe in a wide range of scientific, medical and commercial endeavors. Many of these applications require the recording of an image of the neutron signal, either in one-dimension or in two-dimensions. We summarize the reactions of neutrons with the most important elements that are used for their detection. A description is then given of the major techniques used in neutron imaging, with emphasis on the detection media and position readout principle. Important characteristics such as position resolution, linearity, counting rate capability and sensitivity to gamma-background are discussed. Finally, the application of a subset of these instruments in radiology and tomography is described.

  19. Multiple gamma lines from semi-annihilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Eramo, Francesco

    Hints in the Fermi data for a 130 GeV gamma line from the galactic center have ignited interest in potential gamma line signatures of dark matter. Explanations of this line based on dark matter annihilation face a parametric ...

  20. Measurement of the ratio Gamma(K_L -> gamma gamma)/Gamma(K_L -> pi^0 pi^0 pi^0) with the KLOE detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adinolfi, M; Ambrosino, F; Antonelli, A; Antonelli, M; Bacci, C; Bencivenni, G; Bertolucci, Sergio; Bini, C; Bloise, C; Bocci, V; Bossi, F; Branchini, P; Bulychjov, S A; Cabibbo, G; Caloi, R; Campana, P; Capon, G; Capussela, T; Carboni, G; Casarsa, M; Casavola, V; Cataldi, G; Ceradini, F; Cervelli, F; Cevenini, F; Chiefari, G; Ciambrone, P; Conetti, S; De Lucia, E; De Simone, P; De Zorzi, G; Dell'Agnello, S; Denig, A; Di Domenico, A; Di Donato, C; Di Falco, S; Di Micco, B; Doria, A; Dreucci, M; Erriquez, O; Farilla, A; Felici, G; Ferrari, A; Ferrer, M L; Finocchiaro, G; Forti, C; Franceschi, A; Franzini, P; Gatti, C; Gauzzi, P; Giannasi, A; Giovannella, S; Gorini, E; Graziani, E; Incagli, M; Kluge, W; Kulikov, V; Lacava, F; Lanfranchi, G; Lee-Franzini, Juliet; Leone, D; Lu, F; Martemyanov, M; Matsyuk, M; Mei, W; Merola, L; Messi, R; Miscetti, S; Moulson, M; Müller, S; Murtas, F; Napolitano, M; Nedosekin, A; Nguyen, F; Palomba, M; Pacciani, L; Palutan, M; Pasqualucci, E; Passalacqua, L; Passeri, A; Patera, V; Perfetto, F; Petrolo, E; Pirozzi, G; Pontecorvo, L; Primavera, M; Ruggieri, F; Santangelo, P; Santovetti, E; Saracino, G; Schamberger, R D; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Scuri, F; Sfiligoi, I; Sibidanov, A L; Spadaro, T; Spiriti, E; Tabidze, M D; Tong, G L; Tortora, L; Valente, P; Valeriani, B; Venanzoni, G; Veneziano, Stefano; Ventura, A; Ventura, Sandro; Versaci, R

    2003-01-01

    We have measured the ratio R=Gamma(K_L -> gamma gamma)/ \\Gamma(K_L -> 3 pi^0) using the KLOE detector. From a sample of ~ 10^9 phi-mesons produced at DAFNE, the Frascati phi-factory, we select ~ 1.6 10^8 K_L-mesons tagged by observing K_S -> pi^+ pi^- following the reaction e^+ e^- -> phi -> K_L K_S. From this sample we select 27,375 K_L -> gamma gamma events and obtain R = (2.79 \\pm 0.02_{stat} \\pm 0.02_{syst}) \\times 10^{-3}. Using the world average value for BR(K_{L} -> 3 pi^0), we obtain BR(K_{L} -> gamma gamma) = (5.89 \\pm 0.07 \\pm 0.08) \\times 10^{-4} where the second error is due to the uncertainty on the 3 pi^0 branching fraction.

  1. High resolution PET breast imager with improved detection efficiency

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw

    2010-06-08

    A highly efficient PET breast imager for detecting lesions in the entire breast including those located close to the patient's chest wall. The breast imager includes a ring of imaging modules surrounding the imaged breast. Each imaging module includes a slant imaging light guide inserted between a gamma radiation sensor and a photodetector. The slant light guide permits the gamma radiation sensors to be placed in close proximity to the skin of the chest wall thereby extending the sensitive region of the imager to the base of the breast. Several types of photodetectors are proposed for use in the detector modules, with compact silicon photomultipliers as the preferred choice, due to its high compactness. The geometry of the detector heads and the arrangement of the detector ring significantly reduce dead regions thereby improving detection efficiency for lesions located close to the chest wall.

  2. The Diverse Environments of Gamma-Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perley, Daniel Alan

    2011-01-01

    of a Very Bright Gamma- Ray Burst in a Galactic Halo 3.1Galaxies of Dark Gamma-Ray Bursts: Observational Constraints1.3 Gamma-Ray Burst Classi?cation . . . . . . 1.4 Gamma-Ray

  3. Portable compton gamma-ray detection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA); Oldaker, Mark E. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2008-03-04

    A Compton scattered gamma-ray detector system. The system comprises a gamma-ray spectrometer and an annular array of individual scintillators. The scintillators are positioned so that they are arrayed around the gamma-ray spectrometer. The annular array of individual scintillators includes a first scintillator. A radiation shield is positioned around the first scintillator. A multi-channel analyzer is operatively connected to the gamma-ray spectrometer and the annular array of individual scintillators.

  4. Light Curves of Swift Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Cea

    2006-09-22

    Recent observations from the Swift gamma-ray burst mission indicate that a fraction of gamma ray bursts are characterized by a canonical behaviour of the X-ray afterglows. We present an effective theory which allows us to account for X-ray light curves of both (short - long) gamma ray bursts and X-ray rich flashes. We propose that gamma ray bursts originate from massive magnetic powered pulsars.

  5. Alpha Gamma Hot Cell Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    . These operations can result in elevated radiological risks to the facility and workers. ARG-US -- meaning and should be developed for and deployed in nuclear and radiological facilities to aid operation and reduceAlpha Gamma Hot Cell Facility Argonne National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory

  6. The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Properties of Gamma-ray Bursts Localized by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enomoto, Ryoji

    The Universe Viewed in Gamma-Rays 1 Properties of Gamma-ray Bursts Localized by the HETE-2 and localize Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) in wide field of view. HETE-2 have been localized about 20 GRBs per year hours after the burst. 1. The High Energy Transient Explorer 2 Gamma-ray burst (GRB) is the most

  7. GammaPod-A new device dedicated for stereotactic radiotherapy of breast cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Cedric X.; Shao Xinyu; Deng Jianchun; Duan Zhengcheng; Zhang Jin; Zheng, Mike; Yu, Ying S.; Regine, William

    2013-05-15

    Purpose: This paper introduces a new external beam radiotherapy device named GammaPod that is dedicated for stereotactic radiotherapy of breast cancer. Methods: The design goal of the GammaPod as a dedicated system for treating breast cancer is the ability to deliver ablative doses with sharp gradients under stereotactic image guidance. Stereotactic localization of the breast is achieved by a vacuum-assisted breast immobilization cup with built-in stereotactic frame. Highly focused radiation is achieved at the isocenter due to the cross-firing from 36 radiation arcs generated by rotating 36 individual Cobalt-60 beams. The dedicated treatment planning system optimizes an optimal path of the focal spot using an optimization algorithm borrowed from computational geometry such that the target can be covered by 90%-95% of the prescription dose and the doses to surrounding tissues are minimized. The treatment plan is intended to be delivered with continuous motion of the treatment couch. In this paper the authors described in detail the gamma radiation unit, stereotactic localization of the breast, and the treatment planning system of the GammaPod system. Results: A prototype GammaPod system was installed at University of Maryland Medical Center and has gone through a thorough functional, geometric, and dosimetric testing. The mechanical and functional performances of the system all meet the functional specifications. Conclusions: An image-guided breast stereotactic radiotherapy device, named GammaPod, has been developed to deliver highly focused and localized doses to a target in the breast under stereotactic image guidance. It is envisioned that the GammaPod technology has the potential to significantly shorten radiation treatments and even eliminate surgery by ablating the tumor and sterilizing the tumor bed simultaneously.

  8. Gamma ray measurements with photoconductive detectors using a...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AND TECHNOLOGY; ARGON; BREMSSTRAHLUNG; DEUTERIUM; DIAMONDS; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; GAMMA DETECTION; GAMMA RADIATION; HYDROGEN; MEV RANGE; NEON; PHOTOCONDUCTORS; PHOTOMULTIPLIERS;...

  9. Exploring the canonical behaviour of long gamma-ray bursts using an intrinsic multi-wavelength afterglow correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oates, S R; De Pasquale, M; Page, M J; Castro-Tirado, A J; Gorosabel, J; Smith, P J; Breeveld, A A; Kuin, N P M

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we further investigate the relationship, reported by Oates et al., 2012, between the optical/UV afterglow luminosity (measured at restframe 200s) and average afterglow decay rate (measured from restframe 200s onwards) of long duration Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs). We extend the analysis by examining the X-ray light curves, finding a consistent correlation. We therefore explore how the parameters of these correlations relate to the prompt emission phase and, using a Monte Carlo simulation, explore whether these correlations are consistent with predictions of the standard afterglow model. We find significant correlations between: $\\rm log\\;L_{O,200\\rm{s}}$ and $\\rm log\\;L_{X,200\\rm{s}}$; $\\alpha_{O,>200\\rm{s}}$ and $\\alpha_{X,>200\\rm{s}}$, consistent with simulations. The model also predicts relationships between $\\rm log\\;E_{iso}$ and $\\rm log\\;L_{200\\rm{s}}$, however, while we find such relationships in the observed sample, the slope of the linear regression is shallower than that simulated and incon...

  10. GAMMA-RAY POLARIMETRY OF TWO X-CLASS SOLAR FLARES Steven E. Boggs,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    GAMMA-RAY POLARIMETRY OF TWO X-CLASS SOLAR FLARES Steven E. Boggs,1 W. Coburn, and E. Kalemci Space 2005 May 29; accepted 2005 October 18 ABSTRACT We have performed the first polarimetry of solar flare Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) for two large flares: the GOES X4.8-class solar flare of 2002

  11. ProxiScan?: A Novel Camera for Imaging Prostate Cancer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ralph James

    2010-01-08

    ProxiScan is a compact gamma camera suited for high-resolution imaging of prostate cancer. Developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory and Hybridyne Imaging Technologies, Inc., ProxiScan won a 2009 R&D 100 Award, sponsored by R&D Magazine to recognize t

  12. Observation of psi(3770)->gamma chi(c1)->gamma gamma J/psi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besson, David Zeke

    2006-05-01

    From e(+)e(-) collision data acquired with the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we observe the non-D (D) over bar decay psi(3770)->gamma chi(c1) with a statistical significance of 6.6 standard deviations, ...

  13. Measurement of the gamma gamma* -> pi0 transition form factor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.

    2009-06-02

    We study the reaction e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}{pi}{sup 0} in the single tag mode and measure the differential cross section d{sigma}/dQ{sup 2} and the {gamma}{gamma}* {yields} {pi}{sup 0} transition form factor in the mometum transfer range from 4 to 40 GeV{sup 2}. At Q{sup 2} > 10 GeV{sup 2} the measured form factor exceeds the asymptotic limit predicted by perturbative QCD. The analysis is based on 442 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected at PEP-II with the BABAR detector at e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energies near 10.6 GeV.

  14. Filtrations in Dyson-Schwinger equations: next-to^{j} -leading log expansions systematically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olaf Krueger; Dirk Kreimer

    2015-02-11

    Dyson-Schwinger equations determine the Green functions $G^r(\\alpha,L)$ in quantum field theory. Their solutions are triangular series in a coupling constant $\\alpha$ and an external scale parameter $L$ for a chosen amplitude $r$, with the order in $L$ bounded by the order in the coupling. Perturbation theory calculates the first few orders in $\\alpha$. On the other hand, Dyson--Schwinger equations determine next-to$^{\\{\\mathrm{j}\\}}$-leading log expansions, $G^r(\\alpha,L) = 1 + \\sum_{j=0}^\\infty \\sum_{\\mathcal{M}} p_j^{\\mathcal{M}}\\alpha^j \\mathcal{M}(u)$. $\\sum_{\\mathcal{M}}$ sums a finite number of functions $\\mathcal{M}$ in $u = \\alpha L/2$. The leading logs come from the trivial representation $\\mathcal{M}(u) = \\begin{bsmallmatrix}\\bullet\\end{bsmallmatrix}(u)$ at $j=0$ with $p_0^{\\begin{bsmallmatrix}\\bullet\\end{bsmallmatrix}} = 1$. All non-leading logs are organized by the suppression in powers $\\alpha^j$. We describe an algebraic method to derive all next-to$^{\\{\\mathrm{j}\\}}$-leading log terms from the knowledge of the first $(j+1)$ terms in perturbation theory and their filtrations. This implies the calculation of the functions $\\mathcal{M}(u)$ and periods $p_j^\\mathcal{M}$. In the first part of our paper, we investigate the structure of Dyson-Schwinger equations and develop a method to filter their solutions. Applying renormalized Feynman rules maps each filtered term to a certain power of $\\alpha$ and $L$ in the log-expansion. Based on this, the second part derives the next-to$^{\\{\\mathrm{j}\\}}$-leading log expansions. Our method is general. Here, we exemplify it using the examples of the propagator in Yukawa theory and the photon self-energy in quantum electrodynamics. The reader may apply our method to any (set of) Dyson-Schwinger equation(s) appearing in renormalizable quantum field theories.

  15. Gamma radiolysis of chlorinated hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arbon, R.E.; Mincher, B.J.; Meikrantz, D.H.

    1992-01-01

    This program is the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) component of a joint collarborative effort with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The purpose of this effort is to demonstrate a viable process for breaking down hazardous halogenated organic wastes to simpler, non-hazardous waste using high energy ionizing radiation. The INEL effort focuses on the use of spent reactor fuel gamma radiation sources to decompose complex wastes such as PCBs. At LLNL, halogenated solvents such as carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethylene are being studied using accelerator radiation sources. The INEL irradiation experiments concentrated on a single PCB congener so that a limited set of decomposition reactions could be studied. The congener 2,2{prime}, 3,3{prime},4,5{prime},6,6{prime} - octachlorobiphenyl was examined following exposure to various gamma doses at the Advanced Test Reactor (AIR) spent fuel pool. The decomposition rates and products in several solvents are discussed. 3 refs.

  16. Gamma radiolysis of chlorinated hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arbon, R.E.; Mincher, B.J.; Meikrantz, D.H.

    1992-08-01

    This program is the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) component of a joint collarborative effort with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The purpose of this effort is to demonstrate a viable process for breaking down hazardous halogenated organic wastes to simpler, non-hazardous waste using high energy ionizing radiation. The INEL effort focuses on the use of spent reactor fuel gamma radiation sources to decompose complex wastes such as PCBs. At LLNL, halogenated solvents such as carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethylene are being studied using accelerator radiation sources. The INEL irradiation experiments concentrated on a single PCB congener so that a limited set of decomposition reactions could be studied. The congener 2,2{prime}, 3,3{prime},4,5{prime},6,6{prime} - octachlorobiphenyl was examined following exposure to various gamma doses at the Advanced Test Reactor (AIR) spent fuel pool. The decomposition rates and products in several solvents are discussed. 3 refs.

  17. Gamma Ray Bursts from Minijets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nir J. Shaviv; Arnon Dar

    1994-07-14

    Striking similarities exist between high energy gamma ray emission from active galactic nuclei (AGN) and gamma ray bursts (GRBs). They suggest that GRBs are generated by inverse Compton scattering from highly relativistic electrons in transient jets. Such jets may be produced along the axis of an accretion disk formed around stellar black holes (BH) or neutron stars (NS) in BH-NS and NS-NS mergers and in accretion induced collapse of magnetized white dwarfs (WD) or neutron stars in close binary systems. Such events may produce the cosmological GRBs. Transient jets formed by single old magnetized neutron stars in an extended Galactic halo may produce a local population of GRBs. Here we show that jet production of GRBs by inverse Compton scattering can explain quite simply the striking correlations that exist between various temporal features of GRBs, their duration histogram, the power spectrum of their complex multipeak light curves, their power-law high energy spectra and other features of GRBs. Some additional predictions are made including the expected polarization of gamma-rays in the bursts.

  18. Demystifying an unidentified EGRET source by VHE gamma-ray observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reimer, O; Reimer, Olaf; Funk, Stefan

    2006-01-01

    In a novel approach in observational high-energy gamma-ray astronomy, observations carried out by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes provide necessary templates to pinpoint the nature of intriguing, yet unidentified EGRET gamma-ray sources. Using GeV-photons detected by CGRO EGRET and taking advantage of high spatial resolution images from H.E.S.S. observations, we were able to shed new light on the EGRET observed gamma-ray emission in the Kookaburra complex, whose previous coverage in the literature is somewhat contradictory. 3EGJ1420-6038 very likely accounts for two GeV gamma-ray sources (E>1 GeV), both in positional coincidence with the recently reported pulsar wind nebulae (PWN) by HESS in the Kookaburra/Rabbit complex. PWN associations at VHE energies, supported by accumulating evidence from observations in the radio and X-ray band, are indicative for the PSR/plerionic origin of spatially coincident, but still unidentified Galactic gamma-ray sources from EGRET. This not only supports the already s...

  19. Gamma Ray Burst Optical Counterpart Search Experiment (GROCSE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, H.S.; Ables, E.; Bionta, R.M. [and others

    1995-10-27

    GROCSE (Gamma-Ray Optical Counterpart Search Experiments) is a system of automated telescopes that search for simultaneous optical activity associated with gamma ray bursts in response to real-time burst notifications provided by the BATSE/BACODINE network. The first generation system, GROCSE 1, is sensitive down to Mv {approximately} 8.5 and requires an average of 12 seconds to obtain the first images of the gamma ray burst error box defined by the BACODINE trigger. The collaboration is now constructing a second generation system which has a 4 second slewing time and can reach Mv {approximately} 14 with a 5 second exposure. GROCSE 2 consists of 4 cameras on a single mount. Each camera views the night sky through a commercial Canon lens (f/1.8, focal length 200 mm) and utilizes a 2K x 2K Loral CCD. Light weight and low noise custom readout electronics were designed and fabricated for these CCDs. The total field of view of the 4 cameras is 17.6 x 17.6 {degree}. GROCSE II will be operated by the end of 1995. In this paper, the authors present an overview of the GROCSE system and the results of measurements with a GROCSE 2 prototype unit.

  20. Fourier sparsity, spectral norm, and the Log-rank conjecture Hing Yin Tsang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Ning

    Fourier sparsity, spectral norm, and the Log-rank conjecture Hing Yin Tsang* hytsang@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--We study Boolean functions with sparse Fourier spectrum or small spectral norm, and show for such functions is exactly the Fourier sparsity of f. Let d = deg2(f) be the F2-degree of f and DCC (f ) stand

  1. Eliciting Motivation Knowledge from Log Files towards Motivation Diagnosis for Adaptive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocea, Mihaela

    Eliciting Motivation Knowledge from Log Files towards Motivation Diagnosis for Adaptive Systems, Dublin 1, Ireland {mcocea, sweibelzahl}@ncirl.ie Abstract. Motivation is well-known for its importance a user model of the learner's motivation, especially if integrated with information about knowledge

  2. Annual Logging Symposium, June 21-24, 2009 INVERSION OF SECTOR-BASED LWD DENSITY MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SPWLA 50th Annual Logging Symposium, June 21-24, 2009 1 INVERSION OF SECTOR-BASED LWD DENSITY-while-drilling (LWD) density measurements acquired in high-angle and horizontal (HA/HZ) wells. Our interpretation to increasing tool standoff in the upper sectors of the measurement. INTRODUCTION Conventional processing of LWD

  3. Annual Logging Symposium, June 4-7, 2006 ASSESSMENT OF SHOULDER-BED, INVASION, AND LAMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Annual Logging Symposium held in Veracruz, Mexico, June 4-7, 2006. ABSTRACT We quantify the relative effects of shoulder beds, layer thickness, invasion, and sand-shale laminations on monopole and dipole soft and hard formations bounded by shale layers. The thickness of the formation is changed to consider

  4. Freezing Cells Make sure cells are in log phase of growth, ie. subconfluent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pike, Linda J.

    Freezing Cells Make sure cells are in log phase of growth, ie. subconfluent Protocol 1: 1. Wash cells and trypsinize as usual. 2. Spin down trypsinized cells at 1000 rpm in the tabletop centrifuge 3. Resuspend cells in 0.45 ml standard medium 4. Add 0.45 ml fetal calf serum 5. Add dropwise, 100 ľl

  5. East Asian Governments Failing on Illegal Logging as Greenpeace Launches Global Paradise Forests Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    East Asian Governments Failing on Illegal Logging as Greenpeace Launches Global Paradise Forests non-violent, creative confrontation to expose global environmental problems, and to force solutions Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) to put words into action and take steps to seriously address

  6. Surveys of the Logging Contractor Population 8 Southern States and Maine Cornelis F. de Hoop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10.0 Surveys of the Logging Contractor Population ­ 8 Southern States and Maine by Cornelis F. de. Egan Associate Professor Department of Forest Management University of Maine Orono, ME 04469-5755 W. Thus, surveys of loggers in Maine and in eight southern states were conducted to gain additional

  7. Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Aug 12 -Aug 18, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-001248 THOMPSON ROAD Gas leak Security , Toronto Fire, Toronto Police, and Occupational Health and Safety responded to a report of a natural gas leak in the area of the Life Science BuildingWeekly Security Incident Log Period of Aug 12 - Aug 18, 2013 Incident No. Reported Date Building

  8. Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Feb 6 -Feb 12, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gas leak Security and Toronto Fire responded to a report of a natural gas odour in B-wing. TorontoWeekly Security Incident Log Period of Feb 6 - Feb 12, 2012 Incident No. Reported Date Building\\Const. Security, York Fire Prevention and Toronto Fire responded to a fire alarm. The cause of the alarm

  9. Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Jul 9 -Jul 15, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Safety responded to a report of a natural gas odour in the building. The building was checked and no natural gas was found. Toronto Fire determined that all was in order. 7/12/2012 07:31 AM HazardousWeekly Security Incident Log Period of Jul 9 - Jul 15, 2012 Incident No. Reported Date Building

  10. Weekly Security Incident Log Period of Apr 29 -May 5, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-000845 YORK LANES RETAIL Gas leak Security, Toronto Fire and Enbridge Gas responded to a report of a natural gas odour in the building. The source of the odour was located in a restaurant kitchen. EnbridgeWeekly Security Incident Log Period of Apr 29 - May 5, 2013 Incident No. Reported Date Building

  11. An Approach for Mining Web Service Composition Patterns from Execution Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    1 An Approach for Mining Web Service Composition Patterns from Execution Logs Ran Tang and Ying Zou.zou}@queensu.ca Abstract-- A service-oriented application is composed of multiple web services to fulfill complex functionality that cannot be provided by individual web service. The combination of services is not random

  12. How do I enroll? 1. Log into WSU's online portal (Academica).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    How do I enroll? 1. Log into WSU's online portal (Academica). 2 by noon the following business day. 8. Check your account in the online portal in WSU's online portal (Academica). The first payment may include non-deferred fees. What if I add

  13. Parsing the WSJ using CCG and Log-Linear Models Stephen Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, James R.

    of Edinburgh 2 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh, UK stephen.clark@ed.ac.uk James R. Curran School of Information and Steedman, 2002; Hockenmaier, 2003b). In Clark and Curran (2003) we argued for the use of log-linear parsing (Nocedal and Wright, 1999). And finally, we show that the parsing algo- rithm described in Clark and Curran

  14. SPE 159255-PP Rock Classification from Conventional Well Logs in Hydrocarbon-Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SPE 159255-PP Rock Classification from Conventional Well Logs in Hydrocarbon-Bearing Shale Andrew C typing method for application in hydrocarbon-bearing shale (specifically source rock) reservoirs using-hoc correlations where the interpretation becomes a core matching exercise. Scale effects on measurements

  15. ANALYSIS OF PHYSICAL FACTORS AFFECTING ILLEGAL LOGGING OF TROPICAL FOREST OF BERAU, EAST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , INDONESIA USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS Anita Zaitunah Yousif Ali Hussin Ali Sharifi Department of Natural pollution and storms. The annual deforestation rate in Indonesia was 1.8 million ha between 1985 and 1997 of forests and cutting in unauthorised areas. In Indonesia, there is a smuggling of illegal logs

  16. April 2002 Page 1 of 6 Export credits: Fuelling illegal logging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 2002 Page 1 of 6 Export credits: Fuelling illegal logging Export Credit Agencies (ECAs are ECAs? Export Credit Agencies and Investment Insurance Agencies, commonly known as ECAs, are public and investment ­ nearly 10 percent of world exports. Longer term loans and guarantees by ECAs increased four

  17. Oblivious RAM with O((log N)3 ) Worst-Case Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Oblivious RAM with O((log N)3 ) Worst-Case Cost Elaine Shi PARC/UC Berkeley T-H. Hubert Chan HKU applications. This paper proposes novel O-RAM con- structions that achieves poly-logarithmic worst-case cost in outsourced storage applications. Not surprisingly, the client has to pay a certain cost in order to hide its

  18. Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 COMBINED INVERSION OF BOREHOLE RESISTIVITY AND SONIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    n wS . In other words, resistivity measurements alone can not render separate estimates of w saturation, wS , and porosity, , play important roles in well-log interpretation and formation evaluation for fluid substitution in the study of seismic properties of rocks. Generally, wS is computed using Archie

  19. A Principled Approach to Mining From Noisy Logs Using Heuristics Miner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tino, Peter

    A Principled Approach to Mining From Noisy Logs Using Heuristics Miner Philip Weber, Behzad Bordbar Miner algorithm, and demonstrate on a simple example. We show that for a given model it is possible in the the robustness of Heuristics Miner to different types of noise. I. INTRODUCTION Process mining is the learning

  20. Log-Domain Circuit Models of Chemical Reactions Soumyajit Mandal and Rahul Sarpeshkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarpeshkar, Rahul

    Log-Domain Circuit Models of Chemical Reactions Soumyajit Mandal and Rahul Sarpeshkar Department to networks of chemical reactions. Our circuits can be used for transient and steady-state simulations the energy barrier of a chemical reaction, exponentially changing its speed. In an analogous fashion, gate

  1. DistributionFree Multivariate Process Control Based On LogLinear Modeling School of Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Peihua

    Distribution­Free Multivariate Process Control Based On Log­Linear Modeling Peihua Qiu School the process measurement is multivariate. In the literature, most existing multivariate SPC procedures assume that the in­control distribution of the multivariate process measurement is known and it is a Gaussian

  2. CareLog: A Selective Archiving Tool for Behavior Management in Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Gillian R.

    to five design principles that governed the development of CareLog. We present results from a five- month]. Such behaviors can disrupt the educational activities for the student with the behavior disorder other disabilities, frequently Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but also Down's Syndrome, Fragile X

  3. Annual Logging Symposium, June 1620, 2012 IMPROVED ASSESSMENT OF IN-SITU FLUID SATURATION WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SATURATION WITH MULTI-DIMENSIONAL NMR MEASUREMENTS AND CONVENTIONAL WELL LOGS Kanay Jerath and Carlos Torres saturating fluids. However, often there is ambiguity as to whether fluids appraised with NMR measurements-filtrate invasion, the NMR response of virgin reservoir fluids can be masked by that of mud filtrate. In order

  4. LogStore: Toward Energy-Proportional Storage Servers Wei Zheng Ana Paula Centeno Frederic Chong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    LogStore: Toward Energy-Proportional Storage Servers Wei Zheng Ana Paula Centeno Frederic Chong,anapaula,ricardob}@cs.rutgers.edu chong@cs.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT Storage servers consume significant amounts of energy and are highly non-energy throughput. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.4 [Operating systems]: Storage management Keywords Energy

  5. On the optimal wealth process in a log-normal market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knopf, Dan

    On the optimal wealth process in a log-normal market: Applications to risk management Phillip Monin and portfolio processes for different utility functions are related through a deter- ministic transformation with respect to the cumulative excess stock return, time, and market parameters. We conclude with a study

  6. Learn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, ChengXiang

    and Subject Descriptors: H.3.3 [Informa- tion Search and Retrieval]: Clustering, Search process General TermsLearn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang Department of Computer Science Effective organization of search results is critical for improv- ing the utility of any search engine

  7. Upward pressure on timber prices eased as logging conditions improved and lumber &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upward pressure on timber prices eased as logging conditions improved and lumber & panel prices plummeted back to where they were before the spring run-ups. Overall, timber prices were higher than the prices a year ago. Lumber imports from Canada increased in June due to the temporary re- moval

  8. Small Log Conference Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessment ˇ UNECE Timber Committee market forecasts ˇ UNECE/FAO Timber Bulletin "Forest products annual Forest Sector Outlook Study ˇ FAO State of the World's Forests, 2005 #12;Small Log Conference ­ Creating countries ˇ Low value ˇ Modern wood energy ­ Small international trade ­ Growing market ­ Policy push

  9. Demystifying an unidentified EGRET source by VHE gamma-ray observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olaf Reimer; Stefan Funk

    2006-11-22

    In a novel approach in observational high-energy gamma-ray astronomy, observations carried out by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes provide necessary templates to pinpoint the nature of intriguing, yet unidentified EGRET gamma-ray sources. Using GeV-photons detected by CGRO EGRET and taking advantage of high spatial resolution images from H.E.S.S. observations, we were able to shed new light on the EGRET observed gamma-ray emission in the Kookaburra complex, whose previous coverage in the literature is somewhat contradictory. 3EGJ1420-6038 very likely accounts for two GeV gamma-ray sources (E>1 GeV), both in positional coincidence with the recently reported pulsar wind nebulae (PWN) by HESS in the Kookaburra/Rabbit complex. PWN associations at VHE energies, supported by accumulating evidence from observations in the radio and X-ray band, are indicative for the PSR/plerionic origin of spatially coincident, but still unidentified Galactic gamma-ray sources from EGRET. This not only supports the already suggested connection between variable, but unidentified low-latitude gamma-ray sources with pulsar wind nebulae (3EGJ1420-6038 has been suggested as PWN candidate previoulsy), it also documents the ability of resolving apparently confused EGRET sources by connecting the GeV emission as measured from a large-aperture space-based gamma-ray instrument with narrow field-of-view but superior spatial resolution observations by ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, a very promising identification technique for achieving convincing individual source identifications in the era of GLAST-LAT.

  10. Discovery of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Pulsations from PSR J2021+3651 with AGILE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Halpern; F. Camilo; A. Giuliani; E. V. Gotthelf; M. A. McLaughlin; R. Mukherjee; A. Pellizzoni; S. M. Ransom; M. S. E. Roberts; M. Tavani

    2008-09-30

    Discovered after the end of the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory mission, the radio pulsar PSR J2021+3651 was long considered a likely counterpart of the high-energy gamma-ray source 2CG 075+00 = 3EG J2021+3716 = GeV J2020+3658, but it could not be confirmed due to the lack of a contemporaneous radio pulsar ephemeris to fold the sparse, archival gamma-ray photons. Here, we report the discovery of gamma-ray pulsations from PSR J2021+3651 in the 100-1500 MeV range using data from the AGILE satellite gathered over 8 months, folded on a densely sampled, contemporaneous radio ephemeris obtained for this purpose at the Green Bank Telescope. The gamma-ray pulse consists of two sharp peaks separated by 0.47+/-0.01 cycles. The single radio pulse leads the first gamma-ray peak by 0.165+/-0.010 cycles. These properties are similar to those of other gamma-ray pulsars, and the phase relationship of the peaks can be interpreted in the context of the outer-gap accelerator model for gamma-ray emission. Pulse-phase resolved images show that there is only one dominant source, AGL J2020.5+3653 = PSR J2021+3651 in the region previously containing confused sources 3EG J2021+3716 and 3EG J2016+3657.

  11. Gamma-Ray Polarimetry of Two X-Class Solar Flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven E. Boggs; W. Coburn; E. Kalemci

    2005-10-19

    We have performed the first polarimetry of solar flare emission at gamma-ray energies (0.2-1 MeV). These observations were performed with the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) for two large flares: the GOES X4.8-class solar flare of 2002 July 23, and the X17-class flare of 2003 October 28. We have marginal polarization detections in both flares, at levels of 21% +/- 9% and -11% +/- 5% respectively. These measurements significantly constrain the levels and directions of solar flare gamma-ray polarization, and begin to probe the underlying electron distributions.

  12. Pulsed pyroelectric crystal-powered gamma source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, A. X.; Antolak, A. J.; Leung, K.-N.; Raber, T. N.; Morse, D. H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States)

    2013-04-19

    A compact pulsed gamma generator is being developed to replace radiological sources used in commercial, industrial and medical applications. Mono-energetic gammas are produced in the 0.4 - 1.0 MeV energy range using nuclear reactions such as {sup 9}Be(d,n{gamma}){sup 10}B. The gamma generator employs an RF-driven inductively coupled plasma ion source to produce deuterium ion current densities up to 2 mA/mm{sup 2} and ampere-level current pulses can be attained by utilizing an array extraction grid. The extracted deuterium ions are accelerated to approximately 300 keV via a compact stacked pyroelectric crystal system and then bombard the beryllium target to generate gammas. The resulting microsecond pulse of gammas is equivalent to a radiological source with curie-level activity.

  13. Image alignment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dowell, Larry Jonathan

    2014-04-22

    Disclosed is a method and device for aligning at least two digital images. An embodiment may use frequency-domain transforms of small tiles created from each image to identify substantially similar, "distinguishing" features within each of the images, and then align the images together based on the location of the distinguishing features. To accomplish this, an embodiment may create equal sized tile sub-images for each image. A "key" for each tile may be created by performing a frequency-domain transform calculation on each tile. A information-distance difference between each possible pair of tiles on each image may be calculated to identify distinguishing features. From analysis of the information-distance differences of the pairs of tiles, a subset of tiles with high discrimination metrics in relation to other tiles may be located for each image. The subset of distinguishing tiles for each image may then be compared to locate tiles with substantially similar keys and/or information-distance metrics to other tiles of other images. Once similar tiles are located for each image, the images may be aligned in relation to the identified similar tiles.

  14. Black Stars and Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanmay Vachaspati

    2007-06-08

    Stars that are collapsing toward forming a black hole but are frozen near the Schwarzschild horizon are termed ``black stars''. Collisions of black stars, in contrast to black hole collisions, may be sources of gamma ray bursts, whose basic parameters are estimated quite simply and are found to be consistent with observed gamma ray bursts. Black star gamma ray bursts should be preceded by gravitational wave emission similar to that from the coalescence of black holes.

  15. Tactile AfterImages from Static Contact \\Lambda U. Singh and R.S. Fearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ­ scribes initial work in quantifying tactile ``after­images'' resulting from large loads applied over between 6 \\Gamma 7Hz [11]. Cohn et al. [2] get 7Hz bandwidth with their pneumatically actuated display

  16. TESLA*HERA Based gamma-p and gamma-A Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Ciftci; S. Sultansoy; O. Yavas

    2000-07-05

    Main parameters and physics search potential of gamma-p and gamma-A colliders, which will be available due to constructing the TESLA linear electron-positron collider tangentially to the HERA proton ring, are discussed.

  17. TEMPORAL CORRELATIONS BETWEEN OPTICAL AND GAMMA-RAY ACTIVITY IN BLAZARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Daniel P.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Zheng, WeiKang; Li, Weidong; Romani, Roger W.; Cenko, S. Bradley

    2014-12-20

    We have been using the 0.76 m Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope (KAIT) at Lick Observatory to optically monitor a sample of 157 blazars that are bright in gamma-rays being detected with high significance (?10?) in one year by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. We attempt to observe each source on a three-day cadence with KAIT, subject to weather and seasonal visibility. The gamma-ray coverage is essentially continuous. KAIT observations extend over much of the five-year Fermi mission for several objects, and most have >100 optical measurements spanning the last three years. These blazars (flat-spectrum radio quasars and BL Lac objects) exhibit a wide range of flaring behavior. Using the discrete correlation function (DCF), here we search for temporal relationships between optical and gamma-ray light curves in the 40 brightest sources in hopes of placing constraints on blazar acceleration and emission zones. We find strong optical-gamma-ray correlation in many of these sources at time delays of ?1 to ?10 days, ranging between –40 and +30 days. A stacked average DCF of the 40 sources verifies this correlation trend, with a peak above 99% significance indicating a characteristic time delay consistent with 0 days. These findings strongly support the widely accepted leptonic models of blazar emission. However, we also find examples of apparently uncorrelated flares (optical flares with no gamma-ray counterpart and gamma-ray flares with no optical counterpart) that challenge simple, one-zone models of blazar emission. Moreover, we find that flat-spectrum radio quasars tend to have gamma-rays leading the optical, while intermediate- and high-synchrotron peak blazars with the most significant peaks have smaller lags/leads. It is clear that long-term monitoring at high cadence is necessary to reveal the underlying physical correlation.

  18. Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-Scale Logging Infrastructure at Twitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    on three platforms: strawberry, coconut, and banana. Log events follow a six-level naming hierarchy (client:page:section:component:element:action). Here, we see that the event strawberry:search:personal:-:-:impression in- creased in frequency compared strawberry:inbox:inbox:conversation:-:impression dropped slightly. Abstract-- Logging user activities

  19. Page-Differential Logging: An Efficient and DBMS-Independent Approach for Storing Data into Flash Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whang, Kyu-Young

    Page-Differential Logging: An Efficient and DBMS- Independent Approach for Storing Data into Flash or from log-based ones that keep track of the history of all the changes in a page. Our method allows.e., it is DBMS-independent. Experimental results show that the proposed method is superior in I/O performance

  20. Gamma-ray irradiated polymer optical waveguides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, C.-C.; Wei, T.-Y.; Chang, C.-Y.; Wang, W.-S.; Wei, Y.-Y.

    2008-01-14

    Optical waveguides fabricated by gamma-ray irradiation on polymer through a gold mask are presented. The gamma-ray induced index change is found almost linearly dependent on the dose of the irradiation. And the measured propagation losses are low enough for practical application. Due to the high penetrability of gamma ray, uniform refractive index change in depth can be easily achieved. Moreover, due to large-area printing, the uniformity of waveguide made by gamma-ray irradiation is much better than that by e-beam direct writing.

  1. Gamma Ray Burst Central Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd A. Thompson

    2008-07-04

    I review aspects of the theory of long-duration gamma-ray burst (GRB) central engines. I focus on the requirements of any model; these include the angular momentum of the progenitor, the power, Lorentz factor, asymmetry, and duration of the flow, and both the association and the non-association with bright supernovae. I compare and contrast the collapsar and millisecond proto-magnetar models in light of these requirements. The ability of the latter model to produce a flow with Lorentz factor ~100 while simultaneously maintaining a kinetic luminosity of ~10^50 ergs/s for a timescale of ~10-100 s is emphasized.

  2. The investigation of the gamma-gamma->WW including electromagnetic corrections at the TESLA kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Marfin; V. Mossolov; T. Shishkina

    2003-05-17

    The WW production in gamma-gamma scattering is considered in the Standard Model. The main contribution to radiative effects for the process gamma-gamma->WW has been calculating and analyzing. It is found the latter is considerable at high energies and greatly contributes to the differential cross section $d\\sigma$ at various polarizations of initial photons and final bosons. Monte-Carlo generator built based on TESLA kinematics.

  3. Gravitational Waves versus X and Gamma Ray Emission in a Short Gamma-Ray Burst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. G. Oliveira; Jorge A. Rueda; Remo Ruffini

    2014-03-28

    The recent progress in the understanding the physical nature of neutron star equilibrium configurations and the first observational evidence of a genuinely short gamma-ray burst, GRB 090227B, allows to give an estimate of the gravitational waves versus the X and Gamma-ray emission in a short gamma-ray burst.

  4. Log Summarization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC)Lodging Lodging Meeting Hotel - Hyatt

  5. Outage Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O Streams forOrhan Kizilkaya, Ph.D.Our Team Our Team OurOurOut

  6. CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY EMISSION FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS R. Atkins,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY EMISSION FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS R. Atkins,1,2 W. Benbow,3 emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) during the prompt emission phase. Detection of >100 GeV counterparts on potential GRB models. Subject headinggs: gamma rays: bursts -- gamma rays: observations 1. INTRODUCTION

  7. A Uniqueness Result for Minimizers of the 1D Log-gas Renormalized Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Leblé

    2014-08-10

    Sandier and Serfaty studied the one-dimensional Log-gas model, in particular they gave a crystallization result by showing that the one-dimensional lattice $\\mathbb{z}$ is a minimizer for the so-called renormalized energy which they obtained as a limit of the $N$-particle Log-gas Hamiltonian for $N \\to \\infty$. However, this minimizer is not unique among infinite point configurations (for example small perturbations of $\\mathbb{z}$ leave the renormalized energy unchanged). In this paper, we establish that uniqueness holds at the level of (stationary) point processes, the only minimizer being given by averaging $\\mathbb{z}$ over a choice of the origin in $[0,1]$. This is proved by showing a quantitative estimate on the two-point correlation function of a process in terms of its renormalized energy.

  8. Quantification of Wellbore Leakage Risk Using Non-destructive Borehole Logging Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duguid, Andrew; Butsch, Robert; Cary, J.; Celia, Michael; Chugunov, Nikita; Gasda, Sarah; Hovorka, Susan; Ramakrishnan, T. S.; Stamp, Vicki; Thingelstad, Rebecca; Wang, James

    2014-08-29

    Well integrity is important at all potential CCS locations and may play a crucial role establishing leakage risk in areas where there is a high density of existing wells that could be impacted by the storage operations including depleted petroleum fields where EOR or CCS will occur. To address a need for risk quantification methods that can be directly applied to individual wells using borehole logging tools a study was conducted using data from five wells in Wyoming. The objectives of the study were: Objective 1: Develop methods to establish the baseline flow parameters (porosity and permeability or mobility) from individual measurements of the material properties and defects in a well. Objective 2: Develop a correlation between field flow-property data and cement logs that can be used to establish the flow-properties of well materials and well features using cement mapping tools. Objective 3: Establish a method that uses the flow-property model (Objective 2) to analyze the statistical uncertainties associated with individual well leakage that can provide basis for uncertainty in risk calculations. The project objectives were met through the logging of five wells in Carbon and Natrona County Wyoming to collect data that was used to estimate individual and average well flow properties and model the results using ultrasonic data collected during the logging. Three of the five wells provided data on point and average flow properties for well annuli. Data from the other two wells were used to create models of cement permeability and test whether information collected in one well could be used to characterize another well. The results of the in-situ point measurements were confirmed by the lab measurements sidewall cores collected near the same depths Objective 1 was met using the data collected through logging, testing, and sampling. The methods were developed that can establish baseline flow parameters of wells by both point and average test methods. The methods to estimate the flow properties modeling of point pressure tests, modeling of vertical interference tests, and laboratory measurement of cased-hole sidewall cores The wells were in sufficiently good shape to allow the development of the characterization methods while still having enough defects to study differences in results as they relate to well integrity. Samples and tests analyzed from three of five wells studied in showed the cements were largely intact and had not degraded from exposure native brines. Log results taken in conjunction with the core measurements indicate that interfaces and/or problems with cement placement due to eccentering provide preferential flow paths for fluids, which can increase the effective permeability of the barrier several orders of magnitude above the permeability of intact cement. The results of the maps created using logging tools indicating that the cement condition and bond are generally good identify a need for more research to understand how logs can be used to predicteffective well permeabilities such as those measured by the VITs in this study.

  9. The high-energy radiation pattern from BFKLex with double-log collinear contributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chachamis, G

    2015-01-01

    We study high-energy jet production in the multi-Regge limit making use of the Monte Carlo event generator BFKLex which includes collinear improvements in the form of double-log contributions as presented in [1]. Making use of the anti-kt jet algorithm in the FastJet implementation, we present results for the average transverse momentum and azimuthal angle of the produced jets when two tagged forward/backward jets are present in the final state. We also introduce a new observable which accounts for the average rapidity separation among subsequent emissions. Results are presented, for comparison, at leading order and next-to-leading order, with the resummation of collinear double logs proposed in [2].

  10. A history of gamma ray bursts and other astronomical conundrums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V; Trimble, V

    2006-01-01

    V. Trimble, in “Gamma Ray Bursts: 30 Years of Discovery,”V. Trimble, in “Gamma Ray Bursts,” Ed. C. Ho et al. ,A History of Gamma Ray Bursts and Other Astronomical

  11. Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts at Extreme Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aune, Taylor

    2012-01-01

    of Gamma-Ray Bursts . . . . . . . . . . . . . Redshift-Ancient Unvierse with Gamma-Ray Bursts, pages 330–333. AIP,A. Olson. Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts of Cosmic Origin.

  12. Airborne LiDAR Detects Selectively Logged Tropical Forest Even in an Advanced Stage of Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Rafi; Lindsell, Jeremy A.; Laurin, Gaia Vaglio; Valentini, Riccardo; Coomes, David A.

    2015-01-01

    logged tropical forests: the attained and the attainable. Conserv. Lett. 2012, 5, 296–303. 10. Silver, W. L.; Ostertag, R.; Lugo, a. E. The Potential for Carbon Sequestration Through Reforestation of Abandoned Tropical Agricultural and Pasture Lands... be of high conservation value [2,7–9] and act as globally-important carbon sinks [9–12]. However, there is much uncertainty regarding the changing extent of regenerating forests, their rate and stage of recovery, and the influence of recovery on further...

  13. An O(M(n) log n) algorithm for the Jacobi symbol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Paul

    An O(M(n) log n) algorithm for the Jacobi symbol Richard P. Brent1 and Paul Zimmermann2 1 January 2010 Abstract. The best known algorithm to compute the Jacobi symbol of two n-bit integers runs Introduction We want to compute the Jacobi symbol3 (b|a) for n-bit integers a and b, where a is odd positive

  14. Evaluation of Non-Nuclear Techniques for Well Logging: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond, Leonard J.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Harris, R. V.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Moran, Traci L.

    2011-08-01

    The focus of this study is the understanding of the technical obstacles that hinder the replacement of and the disadvantages from the loss of extensive interpretation experience based on data accumulated with AmBe. Enhanced acoustic and electromagnetic sensing methods in combination with non-isotope-based well logging techniques have the potential to complement and/or replace existing isotope-based techniques, providing the opportunity to reduce oil industry dependence on isotopic sources such as AmBe.

  15. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE. of Bolivar St. A-005-10 Slip and Fall 1-18-10 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. A-006-10 Keep Off Property 1 1100 Florida Ave. A-010-10 Vehicle Damage 1-25-10 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. A-011-10 Power Outage 1

  16. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATEB 425 S. Roman St. A-016-13 Theft of bicycle 1/23/13 Signal 21 1900 Perdido St. A-017-13 Medical With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE OFFENSE LOCATION ITEM NUMBER COMMENTS 2/1/13 Signal 21 1100 Florida Ave. B

  17. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE. Roman St. A-008-09 Parked car rolls back into another parked car 1-23-09 Signal 21L 1100 Florida Ave. A With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE OFFENSE LOCATION ITEM NUMBER COMMENTS 2-27-09 Signal 21 1100 Florida Ave

  18. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE-12 Stolen Bike 1/17/12 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. A-009-12 Damage to Vehicle 1/18/12 Signal 21 1100 Florida/25/12 Signal 24 1900 Gravier St. A-016-12 Medical Emergency 1/30/12 Signal 20 425 S. Roman St. A-017-12 Vehicle

  19. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE Gravier St. A-008-11 Subject allegedly stalking employee 1-19-11 Signal 20 Tulane and Roman Sts. A-009 (Perdido Lot) A-012-11 Auto accident 1/25/11 Signal 21L 136 S. Roman St. A-013-11 Lost or stolen internet

  20. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE-08 Student hit parked vehicles 3-6-08 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. C-001-08 Damage to parked vehicle 3-7-08 Signal 21 1900 Perdido St. C-002-08 Damage to vehicle 3-7-08 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. C-003-08 Damage

  1. Nanolensing of gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark A. Walker; Geraint F. Lewis

    2003-02-10

    All quasars vary in their optical flux on a time-scale of years, and it has been proposed that these variations are principally due to gravitational lensing by a cosmologically distributed population of planetary mass objects. This interpretation has implications for the observable properties of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) -- as a source expands across the nano-arcsecond caustic network, variability is expected -- and data on GRBs can be used to test the proposed model of quasar variability. Here we employ an ultra-relativistic blast-wave model of the source, with no intrinsic variations, to study the effects of nanolensing on GRBs. Taken in isolation the light-curves of the caustic crossings are predictable, and we find that a subset of the predicted light-curves (the image-annihilating fold crossings) resemble the ``pulses'' which are commonly seen in long GRBs. Furthermore, for sources at high redshift the expected time between caustic crossings is of order seconds, comparable to the observed time between pulses. These points suggest that it might be possible to model some of the observed variations of GRBs in terms of nanolensing; however, our simulated light-curves exhibit a small depth of modulation compared to what is observed. This means that the GRB data do not significantly constrain the quasar nanolensing model; it also means that the simplest nanolensing model cannot explain the observed GRB ``pulses''. Viable nanolensing models for pulses probably require a large external beam shear. If a viable model can be constructed it would effect a considerable simplification in source modelling and, ironically, it would explain why no macro-lensed GRBs have been identified to date. (Abridged)

  2. Reaction Rate Sensitivity of the gamma-Process Path

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Rauscher

    2004-07-16

    The location of the (gamma,p)/(gamma,n) and (gamma,alpha)/(gamma,n) line at gamma-process temperatures is discussed, using recently published reaction rates based on global Hauser-Feshbach calculations. The results can directly be compared to previously published, classic gamma-process discussions. The nuclei exhibiting the largest sensitivity to uncertainties in nuclear structure and reaction parameters are specified.

  3. Neutron monitoring systems including gamma thermometers and methods of calibrating nuclear instruments using gamma thermometers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moen, Stephan Craig; Meyers, Craig Glenn; Petzen, John Alexander; Foard, Adam Muhling

    2012-08-07

    A method of calibrating a nuclear instrument using a gamma thermometer may include: measuring, in the instrument, local neutron flux; generating, from the instrument, a first signal proportional to the neutron flux; measuring, in the gamma thermometer, local gamma flux; generating, from the gamma thermometer, a second signal proportional to the gamma flux; compensating the second signal; and calibrating a gain of the instrument based on the compensated second signal. Compensating the second signal may include: calculating selected yield fractions for specific groups of delayed gamma sources; calculating time constants for the specific groups; calculating a third signal that corresponds to delayed local gamma flux based on the selected yield fractions and time constants; and calculating the compensated second signal by subtracting the third signal from the second signal. The specific groups may have decay time constants greater than 5.times.10.sup.-1 seconds and less than 5.times.10.sup.5 seconds.

  4. Thermal neutron capture gamma-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuli, J.K.

    1983-01-01

    The energy and intensity of gamma rays as seen in thermal neutron capture are presented. Only those (n,..cap alpha..), E = thermal, reactions for which the residual nucleus mass number is greater than or equal to 45 are included. These correspond to evaluations published in Nuclear Data Sheets. The publication source data are contained in the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF). The data presented here do not involve any additional evaluation. Appendix I lists all the residual nuclides for which the data are included here. Appendix II gives a cumulated index to A-chain evaluations including the year of publication. The capture gamma ray data are given in two tables - the Table 1 is the list of all gamma rays seen in (n,..gamma..) reaction given in the order of increasing energy; the Table II lists the gamma rays according to the nuclide.

  5. Nickel-based superalloy operating temperature determination via analysis of gamma/gamma' microstructure and coating/base material interdiffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ham, Wendy D. (Wendy Decker)

    2005-01-01

    The average operating temperature of RENÉ N5Ž high pressure turbine blades was evaluated via [gamma]/[gamma]' microstructure and coating/base metal interdiffusion methods. The [gamma]' volume fraction was measured by point ...

  6. THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY Citation Details In-Document Search Title: THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY...

  7. CONTRIBUTION OF GAMMA-RAY-LOUD RADIO GALAXIES' CORE EMISSIONS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Fermi gamma-ray satellite has recently detected gamma-ray emissions from radio galaxy cores. From these samples, we first examine the correlation between the luminosities...

  8. Properties of the gamma function 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, William Boyce

    1960-01-01

    ( ) + Qr} converges if snd only if rsl Loci(&+g ) converges. r=l Oc& r=l formly over the set S if for each 6 + 0, there is sn in- teger Ng such that if 'n, v & gll ~ II, j. i+ u, te] ? Ogive', f, t]) & a, for sll z in S. l. lr. tn-teat). 1TL I...~~ (iiy. i Let ~&)= h~ %(&N}i Thus Euler's A(k} function gives s n~~ factorial when x is an integer, but does it give s factorial when x is not sn integer' ? To answer this we shall show the relation between Euler ~a snd the Gamma function. To do...

  9. CLOAKED GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eichler, David, E-mail: eichler.david@gmail.com [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University, Be'er-Sheva 84105 (Israel)

    2014-06-01

    It is suggested that many gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are cloaked by an ultrarelativistic baryonic shell that has high optical depth when the photons are manufactured. Such a shell would not fully block photons reflected or emitted from its inner surface, because the radial velocity of the photons can be less than that of the shell. This avoids the standard problem associated with GRBs that the thermal component should be produced where the flow is still obscured by high optical depth. The radiation that escapes high optical depth obeys the Amati relation. Observational implications may include (1) anomalously high ratios of afterglow to prompt emission, such as may have been the case in the recently discovered PTF 11agg, and (2) ultrahigh-energy neutrino pulses that are non-coincident with detectable GRB. It is suggested that GRB 090510, a short, very hard GRB with very little afterglow, was an exposed GRB, in contrast to those cloaked by baryonic shells.

  10. Swift-UVOT captures the earliest ultraviolet spectrum of a Gamma Ray Burst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. P. M. Kuin; W. B. Landsman; M. J. Page; P. Schady; M. Still; A. A. Breeveld; M. De Pasquale; P. J. Brown; M. Carter; C. James; P. A. Curran; A. Cucciara; C. Gronwall; S. T. Holland; E. A. Hoversten; S. Hunsberger; T. Kennedy; S. Koch; H. Lamoureux; F. E. Marshall; S. R. Oates; A. Parsons; D. Palmer; P. Roming; P. J. Smith

    2009-01-28

    We present the earliest ever ultraviolet spectrum of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) as observed with the Swift-UVOT. The GRB 081203A spectrum was observed for 50 seconds with the UV grism starting 251 seconds after the Swift-BAT trigger when the GRB was of u ~13.4 mag and still rising to its peak optical brightness. The UV grism spectrum shows a damped Ly-alpha line, Ly-beta, and the Lyman continuum break at a redshift z = 2.05 +/- 0.01. A model fit to the Lyman absorption implies log N(HI) = 22.0 +/- 0.2 cm-2, which is typical for GRB host galaxies with damped Ly-alpha absorbers. This observation of GRB 081203A demonstrates that for GRBs brighter than v ~14 mag and with 0.5 Swift-BAT trigger.

  11. Swift-UVOT captures the earliest ultraviolet spectrum of a Gamma Ray Burst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuin, N P M; Page, M J; Schady, P; Still, M; Breeveld, A A; De Pasquale, M; Brown, P J; Carter, M; James, C; Curran, P A; Cucciara, A; Gronwall, C; Holland, S T; Hoversten, E; Hunsberger, S; Kennedy, T; Koch, S; Lamoureux, H; Marshall, F E; Oates, S R; Parsons, A; Palmer, D; Roming, P; Smith, P J

    2008-01-01

    We present the earliest ever ultraviolet spectrum of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) as observed with the Swift-UVOT. The spectrum of GRB 081203A was observed for 50 seconds with the UV grism starting 251 seconds after the Swift-BAT trigger when the GRB was of u ~13.4 mag and still rising to its peak optical brightness. The UV grism spectrum shows a damped Ly-alpha line, Ly-beta, and the Lyman continuum break at a redshift z = 2.05 +/- 0.01. A model fit to the Lyman absorption implies log N(HI) = 22.0 +/- 0.2 cm-2, which is typical for GRB host galaxies with damped Ly-alpha absorbers. This observation of GRB 081203A demonstrates that for GRBs brighter than v ~14 mag and with 0.5 Swift-BAT trigger.

  12. A method for removing arm backscatter from EPID images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Brian W. [School of Mathematical and Physics Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales 2308 (Australia); Greer, Peter B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales 2310 (Australia); School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales 2308 (Australia)

    2013-07-15

    Purpose: To develop a method for removing the support arm backscatter from images acquired using current Varian electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs).Methods: The effect of arm backscatter on EPID images was modeled using a kernel convolution method. The parameters of the model were optimized by comparing on-arm images to off-arm images. The model was used to develop a method to remove the effect of backscatter from measured EPID images. The performance of the backscatter removal method was tested by comparing backscatter corrected on-arm images to measured off-arm images for 17 rectangular fields of different sizes and locations on the imager. The method was also tested using on- and off-arm images from 42 intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) fields.Results: Images generated by the backscatter removal method gave consistently better agreement with off-arm images than images without backscatter correction. For the 17 rectangular fields studied, the root mean square difference of in-plane profiles compared to off-arm profiles was reduced from 1.19% (standard deviation 0.59%) on average without backscatter removal to 0.38% (standard deviation 0.18%) when using the backscatter removal method. When comparing to the off-arm images from the 42 IMRT fields, the mean {gamma} and percentage of pixels with {gamma} < 1 were improved by the backscatter removal method in all but one of the images studied. The mean {gamma} value (1%, 1 mm) for the IMRT fields studied was reduced from 0.80 to 0.57 by using the backscatter removal method, while the mean {gamma} pass rate was increased from 72.2% to 84.6%.Conclusions: A backscatter removal method has been developed to estimate the image acquired by the EPID without any arm backscatter from an image acquired in the presence of arm backscatter. The method has been shown to produce consistently reliable results for a wide range of field sizes and jaw configurations.

  13. Discovery of TeV Gamma-Ray Emission from the Cygnus Region of the Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Abdo; B. Allen; D. Berley; E. Blaufuss; S. Casanova; C. Chen; D. G. Coyne; R. S. Delay; B. L. Dingus; R. W. Ellsworth; L. Fleysher; R. Fleysher; M. M. Gonzalez; J. A. Goodman; E. Hays; C. M. Hoffman; B. E. Kolterman; L. A. Kelley; C. P. Lansdell; J. T. Linnemann; J. E. McEnery; A. I. Mincer; I. V. Moskalenko; P. Nemethy; D. Noyes; J. M. Ryan; F. W. Samuelson; P. M. Saz Parkinson; M. Schneider; A. Shoup; G. Sinnis; A. J. Smith; A. W. Strong; G. W. Sullivan; V. Vasileiou; G. P. Walker; D. A. Williams; X. W. Xu; G. B. Yodh

    2006-11-21

    The diffuse gamma radiation arising from the interaction of cosmic ray particles with matter and radiation in the Galaxy is one of the few probes available to study the origin of the cosmic rays. Milagro is a water Cherenkov detector that continuously views the entire overhead sky. The large field-of-view combined with the long observation time makes Milagro the most sensitive instrument available for the study of large, low surface brightness sources such as the diffuse gamma radiation arising from interactions of cosmic radiation with interstellar matter. In this paper we present spatial and flux measurements of TeV gamma-ray emission from the Cygnus Region. The TeV image shows at least one new source MGRO J2019+37 as well as correlations with the matter density in the region as would be expected from cosmic-ray proton interactions. However, the TeV gamma-ray flux as measured at ~12 TeV from the Cygnus region (after excluding MGRO J2019+37) exceeds that predicted from a conventional model of cosmic ray production and propagation. This observation indicates the existence of either hard-spectrum cosmic-ray sources and/or other sources of TeV gamma rays in the region.

  14. DETECTION OF THE COSMIC {gamma}-RAY HORIZON FROM MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF BLAZARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dominguez, A.; Siana, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Finke, J. D. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division, Code 7653, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Prada, F. [Campus of International Excellence UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Primack, J. R. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kitaura, F. S. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Paneque, D., E-mail: albertod@ucr.edu [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

    2013-06-10

    The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic {gamma}-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the universe to very high energy (VHE) {gamma}-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from {gamma}-ray observations of cosmological blazars and {gamma}-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost) simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy {gamma}-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows us a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.

  15. A new measurement of the rare decay eta -> pi^0 gamma gamma with the Crystal Ball/TAPS detectors at the Mainz Microtron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nefkens, B M; Prakhov, S; Aguar-Bartolom??, P; Annand, J R; Arends, H J; Bantawa, K; Beck, R; Bekrenev, V; Bergh??user, H; Braghieri, A; Briscoe, W J; Brudvik, J; Cherepnya, S; Codling, R F; Collicott, C; Costanza, S; Danilkin, I V; Denig, A; Demissie, B; Dieterle, M; Downie, E J; Drexler, P; Fil'kov, L V; Fix, A; Garni, S; Glazier, D I; Gregor, R; Hamilton, D; Heid, E; Hornidge, D; Howdle, D; Jahn, O; Jude, T C; Kashevarov, V L; K??ser, A; Keshelashvili, I; Kondratiev, R; Korolija, M; Kotulla, M; Koulbardis, A; Kruglov, S; Krusche, B; Lisin, V; Livingston, K; MacGregor, I J; Maghrbi, Y; Mancel, J; Manley, D M; McNicoll, E F; Mekterovic, D; Metag, V; Mushkarenkov, A; Nikolaev, A; Novotny, R; Oberle, M; Ortega, H; Ostrick, M; Ott, P; Otte, P B; Oussena, B; Pedroni, P; Polonski, A; Robinson, J; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, T; Schumann, S; Sikora, M H; Starostin, A; Strakovsky, I I; Strub, T; Suarez, I M; Supek, I; Tarbert, C M; Thiel, M; Thomas, A; Unverzagt, M; Watts, D P; Werthmueller, D; Witthauer, L

    2014-08-01

    A new measurement of the rare, doubly radiative decay eta->pi^0 gamma gamma was conducted with the Crystal Ball and TAPS multiphoton spectrometers together with the photon tagging facility at the Mainz Microtron MAMI. New data on the dependence of the partial decay width, Gamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma), on the two-photon invariant mass squared, m^2(gamma gamma), as well as a new, more precise value for the decay width, Gamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma) = (0.33+/-0.03_tot) eV, are based on analysis of 1.2 x 10^3 eta->pi^0 gamma gamma decays from a total of 6 x 10^7 eta mesons produced in the gamma p -> eta p reaction. The present results for dGamma(eta->pi^0 gamma gamma)/dm^2(gamma gamma) are in good agreement with previous measurements and recent theoretical calculations for this dependence.

  16. The SM Higgs-boson production in gamma gamma -> h -> bb at the Photon Collider at TESLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Niezurawski; A. F. Zarnecki; M. Krawczyk

    2002-11-29

    Measuring the Gamma(h -> gamma gamma)Br(h -> bb) decay at the photon collider at TESLA is studied for a Standard Model Higgs boson of mass m_h = 120 GeV. The main background due to the process gamma gamma -> QQ(g), where Q = b,c, is estimated using the NLO QCD program (G. Jikia); the results obtained are compared with the LO estimate. Using a realistic luminosity spectrum and performing a detector simulation, we find that Gamma(h -> gamma gamma)Br(h -> bb) can be measured with an accuracy better than 2% after one year of photon collider running.

  17. EVIDENCE OF CONTRIBUTION OF INTERVENING CLOUDS TO GAMMA-RAY BURST'S X-RAY COLUMN DENSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.

    2013-10-20

    The origin of excess of X-ray column density with respect to optical extinction in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is still a puzzle. A proposed explanation of the excess is the photoelectric absorption due to the intervening clouds along a GRB's line of sight. Here, we test this scenario by using the intervening Mg II absorption as a tracer of the neutral hydrogen column density of the intervening clouds. We identify a connection between the large X-ray column density (and large column density ratio of log (N{sub H,X}/N{sub H{sub I}})?0.5) and large neutral hydrogen column density probed by the Mg II doublet ratio (DR). In addition, GRBs with large X-ray column density (and large ratio of log (N{sub H,X}/N{sub H{sub I}})>0) tend to have multiple saturated intervening absorbers with DR < 1.2. These results therefore indicate an additional contribution from the intervening system to the observed X-ray column density in some GRBs, although the contribution from the host galaxy alone cannot be excluded based on this study.

  18. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 102, NO. B8, PAGES 18,391-18,403, AUGUST 10, 1997 Spectral analyses of the KTB sonic and density logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    , coherences and transfer functions ofthe Gennan Continental Deep Drilling Program (KTB) sonic and density logs is that fluctuations in the physical logs in the intermediate wavelength range (-10-150 m) are dominated by cracks ofborehole logs. Traditionally, deep boreholes (1000 m or deeper) in crystal- line rocks were drilled

  19. Inversion-based method for interpretation of logging-while-drilling density measurements acquired in high-angle and horizontal wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Inversion-based method for interpretation of logging-while-drilling density measurements acquired-based inversion method to improve the petrophysical interpretation of logging-while-drilling density measurements measurements. INTRODUCTION Conventional processing of logging-while-drilling (LWD) den- sity measurements

  20. Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF RELATIVE DIP ANGLE AND BED -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    AND BED - THICKNESS EFFECTS ON LWD DENSITY IMAGES ACQUIRED IN HIGH-ANGLE AND HORIZONTAL WELLS E.A. Uzoh, A (LWD) density images acquired in high-angle and horizontal (HA/HZ) wells can reveal much about to quantify the influence of relative dip angle and bed thickness on LWD density images acquired in HA

  1. Review of crystal diffraction and its application to focusing energetic gamma rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smither, R.K.; Fernandez, P.B.; Graber, T.; von Ballmoos, P.; Naya, J.; Albernhe, F.; Vedrenne, G.; Faiz, M.

    1995-10-01

    The basic features of crystal diffraction and their application to the construction of a crystal diffraction lens for focusing energetic gamma rays are described using examples from the work preformed at the Argonne National Laboratory. Both on-axis and off-axis performance are discussed. The review includes of normal crystals, bent crystals, and crystals with variable crystal-plane spacings to develop both condenser-type lenses and point-to-point imaging lenses.

  2. Gamma-Ray Bursts and Particle Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Gendre

    2008-07-24

    Gamma-ray bursts are violent events occurring randomly in the sky. In this review, I will present the fireball model, proposed to explain the phenomenon of gamma-ray bursts. This model has important consequences for the production and observation at Earth of gravitational waves, high energy neutrinos, cosmic rays and high energy photons, and the second part of this review will be focused on these aspects. A last section will briefly discuss the topic of the use of gamma-ray bursts as standard candles and possible cosmological studies.

  3. Investigation of the high-frequency wavefield of an off-center monopole acoustic logging-while-drilling tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hua

    During logging-while-drilling (LWD) operations, complex drill string movements and the weight of the drill pipe often lead to a measurement tool that is not centralized. Therefore, studies of the response of an off-center ...

  4. Supplementary Materials Table 1: Simulated log-normal survival data marginal posterior probability of inclusion of relevant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vannucci, Marina

    .1835 Table 1: Simulated log-normal survival data: Marginal posterior probabilities of inclusion of rele- vant: Marginal posterior probabilities of inclusion of rele- vant variables under different maximum correlation

  5. Method of assaying uranium with prompt fission and thermal neutron borehole logging adjusted by borehole physical characteristics. [Patient application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barnard, R.W.; Jensen, D.H.

    1980-11-05

    Uranium formations are assayed by prompt fission neutron logging techniques. The uranium in the formation is proportional to the ratio of epithermal counts to thermal or epithermal dieaway. Various calibration factors enhance the accuracy of the measurement.

  6. Numerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp-adaptive finite elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    for Computational Engineering and Sciences (ICES), The University of Texas at Austin, 201 East 24th Street, ACES and for the improvement of acoustic logging techniques used by oil- and oil-service companies to detect and quantify

  7. A performance study of an electron-tracking Compton camera with a compact system for environmental gamma-ray observation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tetsuya Mizumoto; Dai Tomono; Atsushi Takada; Toru Tanimori; Shotaro Komura; Hidetoshi Kubo; Yoshihiro Matsuoka; Yoshitaka Mizumura; Kiseki Nakamura; Shogo Nakamura; Makoto Oda; Joseph D. Parker; Tatsuya Sawano; Naoto Bando; Akira Nabetani

    2015-08-06

    An electron-tracking Compton camera (ETCC) is a detector that can determine the arrival direction and energy of incident sub-MeV/MeV gamma-ray events on an event-by-event basis. It is a hybrid detector consisting of a gaseous time projection chamber (TPC), that is the Compton-scattering target and the tracker of recoil electrons, and a position-sensitive scintillation camera that absorbs of the scattered gamma rays, to measure gamma rays in the environment from contaminated soil. To measure of environmental gamma rays from soil contaminated with radioactive cesium (Cs), we developed a portable battery-powered ETCC system with a compact readout circuit and data-acquisition system for the SMILE-II experiment. We checked the gamma-ray imaging ability and ETCC performance in the laboratory by using several gamma-ray point sources. The performance test indicates that the field of view (FoV) of the detector is about 1$\\;$sr and that the detection efficiency and angular resolution for 662$\\;$keV gamma rays from the center of the FoV is $(9.31 \\pm 0.95) \\times 10^{^-5}$ and $5.9^{\\circ} \\pm 0.6^{\\circ}$, respectively. Furthermore, the ETCC can detect 0.15$\\;\\mu\\rm{Sv/h}$ from a $^{137}$Cs gamma-ray source with a significance of 5$\\sigma$ in 13 min in the laboratory. In this paper, we report the specifications of the ETCC and the results of the performance tests. Furthermore, we discuss its potential use for environmental gamma-ray measurements.

  8. Student Administration System Q&A: Logging into the SA System with NetID Updated 08/15/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Student Administration System Q&A: Logging into the SA System with NetID Updated 08/15/2013 Q&A: Logging into the Student Administration (SA) System with Your NetID (Effective 08/09/2013) Q: What-numeric NetID and NetID password. Q: Who is not affected by this change? A: Administrative users who currently

  9. 3-dimensional imaging system using crystal diffraction lenses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smither, Robert K. (Hinsdale, IL)

    1999-01-01

    A device for imaging a plurality of sources of x-ray and gamma-ray radiation is provided. Diffracting crystals are used for focussing the radiation and directing the radiation to a detector which is used for analyzing their addition to collect data as to the location of the source of radiation. A computer is used for converting the data to an image. The invention also provides for a method for imaging x-ray and gamma radiation by supplying a plurality of sources of radiation; focussing the radiation onto a detector; analyzing the focused radiation to collect data as to the type and location of the radiation; and producing an image using the data.

  10. 3-dimensional imaging system using crystal diffraction lenses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smither, R.K.

    1999-02-09

    A device for imaging a plurality of sources of x-ray and gamma-ray radiation is provided. Diffracting crystals are used for focusing the radiation and directing the radiation to a detector which is used for analyzing their addition to collect data as to the location of the source of radiation. A computer is used for converting the data to an image. The invention also provides for a method for imaging x-ray and gamma radiation by supplying a plurality of sources of radiation; focusing the radiation onto a detector; analyzing the focused radiation to collect data as to the type and location of the radiation; and producing an image using the data. 18 figs.

  11. A Search for the Rare Decay $B\\rightarrow\\gamma\\gamma$

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-06-02

    We report the result of a search for the rare decay B{sup 0} {yields} {gamma}{gamma} in 426 fb{sup -1} of data, corresponding to 226 million B{sup 0}{bar B}{sup 0} pairs, collected on the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider using the BABAR detector. We use a maximum likelihood fit to extract the signal yield and observe 21{sub -12}{sup +13} signal events with a statistical signficance of 1.9 {sigma}. This corresponds to a branching fraction {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {gamma}{gamma}) = (1.7 {+-} 1.1(stat.) {+-} 0.2(syst.)) x 10{sup -7}. Based on this result, we set a 90% confidence level upper limit of {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {gamma}{gamma}) < 3.2 x 10{sup -7}.

  12. Selective document image data compression technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fu, C.Y.; Petrich, L.I.

    1998-05-19

    A method of storing information from filled-in form-documents comprises extracting the unique user information in the foreground from the document form information in the background. The contrast of the pixels is enhanced by a gamma correction on an image array, and then the color value of each of pixel is enhanced. The color pixels lying on edges of an image are converted to black and an adjacent pixel is converted to white. The distance between black pixels and other pixels in the array is determined, and a filled-edge array of pixels is created. User information is then converted to a two-color format by creating a first two-color image of the scanned image by converting all pixels darker than a threshold color value to black. All the pixels that are lighter than the threshold color value to white. Then a second two-color image of the filled-edge file is generated by converting all pixels darker than a second threshold value to black and all pixels lighter than the second threshold color value to white. The first two-color image and the second two-color image are then combined and filtered to smooth the edges of the image. The image may be compressed with a unique Huffman coding table for that image. The image file is also decimated to create a decimated-image file which can later be interpolated back to produce a reconstructed image file using a bilinear interpolation kernel. 10 figs.

  13. Results from the Milagro Gamma-Ray Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    V energies, and a search for transient emission above 100 GeV from gamma-ray bursts. 1 Introduction remnants and gamma-ray bursts (GRB). Gamma rays are also produced when high-energy cosmic rays interactResults from the Milagro Gamma-Ray Observatory E. Blaufuss for the Milagro Collaboration a,1 , a

  14. Gravitational waves and gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandra Corsi; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; for the Virgo Collaboration

    2012-05-11

    Gamma-Ray Bursts are likely associated with a catastrophic energy release in stellar mass objects. Electromagnetic observations provide important, but indirect information on the progenitor. On the other hand, gravitational waves emitted from the central source, carry direct information on its nature. In this context, I give an overview of the multi-messenger study of gamma-ray bursts that can be carried out by using electromagnetic and gravitational wave observations. I also underline the importance of joint electromagnetic and gravitational wave searches, in the absence of a gamma-ray trigger. Finally, I discuss how multi-messenger observations may probe alternative gamma-ray burst progenitor models, such as the magnetar scenario.

  15. Can gamma-ray bursts constrain quintessence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Di Girolamo; R. Catena; M. Vietri; G. Di Sciascio

    2005-04-27

    Using the narrow clustering of the geometrically corrected gamma-ray energies released by gamma-ray bursts, we investigate the possibility of using these sources as standard candles to probe cosmological parameters such as the matter density Omega_m and the cosmological constant energy density Omega_Lambda. By simulating different samples of gamma-ray bursts, we find that Omega_m can be determined with accuracy ~7% with data from 300 sources. We also show that, if Omega = 1 is due to a quintessence field, some of the models proposed in the literature may be discriminated from a Universe with cosmological constant, by a similar-sized sample of gamma-ray bursts.

  16. Studying Gamma Ray Bursts from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?umer, Slobodan

    Studying Gamma Ray Bursts from a new perspective! {... Unraveling some mysteries and adding new Radio Op0cal X-ray Short ( energy -ray photons... ... accompained by a considerable long las0ng emission

  17. Hydrogeochemical investigations in support of well logging operations at the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, A.; Golf, F.; Trujillo, P.E. Jr.; Counce, D.; Archuleta, J.; Dennis, B. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Medina, V. (Unidad de Desarrollo Geotermico, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Inst. Nacional de Electrificacion)

    1990-01-01

    A suite of 41 thermal and nonthermal waters in the Zunil-Quetzaltenango region, Guatemala, were collected as part of a well logging operation conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion (INDE) and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Both in situ and weirbox samples were collected in the Zunil geothermal field. The various data suggest that the reservoir at Zunil is geochemically inhomogeneous. Stable isotope data suggest recharge to the field comes primarily from the north and east whereas tritium data indicate that the reservoir waters may be 500 to 7500 years old. 14 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  18. A UNIX security log analyzer based on from/to access matrix 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Haj Mahmoud, Samer Ahmad

    2002-01-01

    messages do not include the year. Hostname ? i [Apr 8 13:53:38] [anne] Date & Time / Message login[28741]: F A I L E D L O G I N 3 F R O M susan.kimmel.edu FOR bourne 1 V i Service name and process id Figure 3: Format of Syslog Messages 1...A UNIX SECURITY LOG ANALYZER BASED ON FROM/TO ACCESS MATRIX A Thesis by S A M E R A H M A D E L - H A J M A H M O U D Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  19. Catalog of borehole lithologic logs from the 600 Area, Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fecht, K R; Lillie, J T

    1982-03-01

    Rockwell Hanford Operations (Rockwell) geoscientists are studying the Hanford Site subsurface environment to assure safe management operations, disposal, and storage of radioactive waste. As part of this effort, geoscientists have collected geotechnical data from about 3000 boreholes drilled on the Hanford Site since the early 1900s. These boreholes have been used for subsurface geologic, hydrologic, and engineering investigation, water supply, ground-water monitoring, and natural gas production. This report is a catalog of all obtainable (about 800) lithologic logs from boreholes in a portion of the Hanford Site known as the 600 Area.

  20. Core Log Valles Caldera No. 2A, New Mexico | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans,Oregon:Volcano, Hawaii | Open EnergyLithology,Log

  1. Logging into Deltek Time & Expense (T&E) | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC)Lodging Lodging Meeting HotelLogging into

  2. Gamma-ray Burst Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, F Y; Liang, E W

    2015-01-01

    Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous electromagnetic explosions in the Universe, which emit up to $8.8\\times10^{54}$ erg isotropic equivalent energy in the hard X-ray band. The high luminosity makes them detectable out to the largest distances yet explored in the Universe. GRBs, as bright beacons in the deep Universe, would be the ideal tool to probe the properties of high-redshift universe: including the cosmic expansion and dark energy, star formation rate, the reionization epoch and the metal enrichment history of the Universe. In this article, we review the luminosity correlations of GRBs, and implications for constraining the cosmological parameters and dark energy. Observations show that the progenitors of long GRBs are massive stars. So it is expected that long GRBs are tracers of star formation rate. We also review the high-redshift star formation rate derived from GRBs, and implications for the cosmic reionization history. The afterglows of GRBs generally have broken power-law spectra, so it...

  3. The HAWC Gamma-Ray Observatory: Sensitivity to Steady and Transient Sources of Gamma Rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abeysekara, A U; Alvarez, C; Álvarez, J D; Arceo, R; Arteaga-Velázquez, J C; Solares, H A Ayala; Barber, A S; Baughman, B M; Bautista-Elivar, N; Belmont, E; BenZvi, S Y; Berley, D; Rosales, M Bonilla; Braun, J; Caballero-Lopez, R A; Caballero-Mora, K S; Carramińana, A; Castillo, M; Cotti, U; Cotzomi, J; de la Fuente, E; De León, C; DeYoung, T; Hernandez, R Diaz; Díaz-Vélez, J C; Dingus, B L; DuVernois, M A; Ellsworth, R W; Fernandez, A; Fiorino, D W; Fraija, N; Galindo, A; Garfias, F; González, L X; González, M M; Goodman, J A; Grabski, V; Gussert, M; Hampel-Arias, Z; Hui, C M; Hüntemeyer, P; Imran, A; Iriarte, A; Karn, P; Kieda, D; Kunde, G J; Lara, A; Lauer, R J; Lee, W H; Lennarz, D; Vargas, H León; Linares, E C; Linnemann, J T; Longo, M; Luna-GarcIa, R; Marinelli, A; Martinez, H; Martinez, O; Martínez-Castro, J; Matthews, J A J; Miranda-Romagnoli, P; Moreno, E; Mostafá, M; Nava, J; Nellen, L; Newbold, M; Noriega-Papaqui, R; Oceguera-Becerra, T; Patricelli, B; Pelayo, R; Pérez-Pérez, E G; Pretz, J; Rivičre, C; Rosa-González, D; Salazar, H; Salesa, F; Sanchez, F E; Sandoval, A; Santos, E; Schneider, M; Silich, S; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Sparks, K; Springer, R W; Taboada, I; Toale, P A; Tollefson, K; Torres, I; Ukwatta, T N; Villaseńor, L; Weisgarber, T; Westerhoff, S; Wisher, I G; Wood, J; Yodh, G B; Younk, P W; Zaborov, D; Zepeda, A; Zhou, H

    2013-01-01

    The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory is designed to record air showers produced by cosmic rays and gamma rays between 100 GeV and 100 TeV. Because of its large field of view and high livetime, HAWC is well-suited to measure gamma rays from extended sources, diffuse emission, and transient sources. We describe the sensitivity of HAWC to emission from the extended Cygnus region as well as other types of galactic diffuse emission; searches for flares from gamma-ray bursts and active galactic nuclei; and the first measurement of the Crab Nebula with HAWC-30.

  4. Gamma Ray Bursts from Ordinary Cosmic Strings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. H. Brandenberger; A. T. Sornborger; M. Trodden

    1993-02-12

    We give an upper estimate for the number of gamma ray bursts from ordinary (non-superconducting) cosmic strings expected to be observed at terrestrial detectors. Assuming that cusp annihilation is the mechanism responsible for the bursts we consider strings arising at a GUT phase transition and compare our estimate with the recent BATSE results. Further we give a lower limit for the effective area of future detectors designed to detect the cosmic string induced flux of gamma ray bursts.

  5. Energetic Runaway Electrons, Sprites and Gamma Rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehtinen, Nikolai G.

    of Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flashes (BATSE Data) Rate(counts/0.1ms)Rate(counts/0.1ms)Rate(counts/0.1ms) Time (ms. Inan, U. S., S. C. Reising, G. J. Fishman and J. M. Horack, On the association of terrestrial gamma. V. Gurevich, T. Tunnel and G. M. Milikh, Kinetic theory of runaway breakdown, Phys. Rev., 49, 2257

  6. A Tight $L_{\\rm p, iso}-E'_{\\rm p}-\\Gamma_0$ Correlation of Gamma-Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, En-Wei; LV, Jing; Lu, Ruijing; Zhang, Jin; Zhang, Bing

    2015-01-01

    We select a sample of 34 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) whose $\\Gamma_0$ values are derived with the onset peak observed in the afterglow lightcurves (except for GRB 060218 whose $\\Gamma_0$ is estimated with its radio data), and investigate the correlations among $\\Gamma_0$, the isotropic peak luminosity ($L_{\\rm p, iso}$), and the peak energy of the $\

  7. Novel higher order regularisation methods for image reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papafitsoros, Konstantinos

    2015-01-06

    norm of the difference Tu ? f , ´ ? |Tu ? f |dx leads to more efficient restorations. In the case of Poisson noise, the Kullback–Leibler divergence of Tu and f , ´ ?(Tu ? f log Tu)dx is the most suitable choice [LCA07, BSW+13, SBJM09] while the supremum... numer- ous applications in the field, as the edge preservation ability made it quite an appealing tool. These applications cover a wide area, from image denoising [ROF92, CL97, Nik04, LCA07, BC98, CKS01, DHKS10, Pas12a], image deblurring [DS96, CW98, WYZ...

  8. VERITAS: Very LArge Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. C. Weekes; C. Akerlof; S. Biller; A. C. Breslin; J. H. Buckley; D. A. Carter-Lewis; M. Catanese; M. F. Cawley; B. Dingus; G. G. Fazio; D. J. Fegan; J. Finley; G. Fishman; J. Gaidos; G. H. Gillanders; P. Gorham; J. E. Grindlay; A. M. Hillas; J. Huchra; P. Kaaret; M. Kertzman; D. Kieda; F. Krennrich; R. C. Lamb; M. J. Lang; A. P. Marscher; S. Matz; T. McKay; D. Muller; R. Ong; W. Purcell; J. Rose; G. Sembroski; F. D. Seward; P. Slane; S. Swordy; T. Tumer; M. Ulmer; M. Urban; B. J. Wilkes

    1997-06-15

    A next generation atmospheric Cherenkov observatory is described based on the Whipple Observatory $\\gamma$-ray telescope. A total of nine such imaging telescopes will be deployed in an array that will permit the maximum versatility and give high sensitivity in the 50 GeV - 50 TeV band (with maximum sensitivity from 100 GeV to 10 TeV).

  9. VERITAS The Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weekes, T C; Biller, S D; Breslin, A C; Buckley, J H; Carter-Lewis, D A; Catanese, M; Cawley, M F; Dingus, B L; Fazio, G G; Fegan, D J; Finley, J; Fishman, G; Gaidos, J A; Gillanders, G H; Gorham, P W; Grindlay, J E; Hillas, A M; Huchra, J P; Kaaret, P E; Kertzman, M P; Kieda, D B; Krennrich, F; Lamb, R C; Lang, M J; Marscher, A P; Matz, S; McKay, T; Müller, D; Ong, R; Purcell, W; Rose, J; Sembroski, G H; Seward, F D; Slane, P O; Swordy, S P; Tümer, T O; Ulmer, M P; Urban, M; Wilkes, B J

    1997-01-01

    A next generation atmospheric Cherenkov observatory is described based on the Whipple Observatory $\\gamma$-ray telescope. A total of nine such imaging telescopes will be deployed in an array that will permit the maximum versatility and give high sensitivity in the 50 GeV - 50 TeV band (with maximum sensitivity from 100 GeV to 10 TeV).

  10. The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) Mission R. P. fla B. Dennis, G mission is to investigate the physics of particle acceleration and energy release in solar flares, through-ray/gamma-ray spectroscopy 1. INTRODUCTION The primary scientific objective of the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar

  11. Scalable Replay with Partial-Order Dependencies for Message-Logging Fault Tolerance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lifflander, Jonathan; Meneses, Esteban; Menon, Harshita; Miller, Phil; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Kale, Laxmikant

    2014-09-22

    Deterministic replay of a parallel application is commonly used for discovering bugs or to recover from a hard fault with message-logging fault tolerance. For message passing programs, a major source of overhead during forward execution is recording the order in which messages are sent and received. During replay, this ordering must be used to deterministically reproduce the execution. Previous work in replay algorithms often makes minimal assumptions about the programming model and application in order to maintain generality. However, in many cases, only a partial order must be recorded due to determinism intrinsic in the code, ordering constraints imposed by the execution model, and events that are commutative (their relative execution order during replay does not need to be reproduced exactly). In this paper, we present a novel algebraic framework for reasoning about the minimum dependencies required to represent the partial order for different concurrent orderings and interleavings. By exploiting this theory, we improve on an existing scalable message-logging fault tolerance scheme. The improved scheme scales to 131,072 cores on an IBM BlueGene/P with up to 2x lower overhead than one that records a total order.

  12. Evaluation of Non-Nuclear Techniques for Well Logging: Technology Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond, Leonard J.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Dale, Gregory E.; Harris, Robert V.; Moran, Traci L.; Sheen, David M.; Schenkel, Thomas

    2010-11-01

    This report presents an initial review of the state-of-the-art nuclear and non-nuclear well logging methods and seeks to understand the technical and economic issues if AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources, are reduced or even eliminated in the oil-field services industry. Prior to considering alternative logging technologies, there is a definite need to open up discussions with industry regarding the feasibility and acceptability of source replacement. Industry views appear to range from those who see AmBe as vital and irreplaceable to those who believe that, with research and investment, it may be possible to transition to electronic neutron sources and employ combinations of non-nuclear technologies to acquire the desired petro-physical parameters. In one sense, the simple answer to the question as to whether petro-physical parameters can be sensed with technologies other than AmBe is probably "Yes". The challenges come when attention turns to record interpretation. The many decades of existing records form a very valuable proprietary resource, and the interpretation of subtle features contained in these records are of significant value to the oil-gas exploration community to correctly characterize a well. The demonstration of equivalence and correspondence/correlation between established and any new sensing modality, and correlations with historic records is critical to ensuring accurate data interpretation. Establishing the technical basis for such a demonstration represents a significant effort.

  13. Going off grid: Computationally efficient inference for log-Gaussian Cox processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Daniel; Lindgren, Finn; Sřrbye, Sigrunn; Rue, Hĺvard

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a new method for performing computational inference on log-Gaussian Cox processes (LGCP). Contrary to current practice, we do not approximate by a counting process on a partition of the domain, but rather attack the point process likelihood directly. In order to do this, we use the continuously specified Markovian random fields introduced by \\citet{Lindgren2011}. The inference is performed using the \\texttt{R-INLA} package of \\citet{art451}, which allows us to perform fast approximate inference on quite complicated models. The new method is tested on a real point pattern data set as well as two interesting extensions to the classical LGCP framework. The first extension considers the very real problem of variable sampling effort throughout the observation window and implements the method of \\citet{Chakraborty2011}. The second extension moves beyond what is possible with current techniques and constructs a log-Gaussian Cox process on the world's oceans. Code for the examples can be fo...

  14. Discovery of extended VHE \\gamma-ray emission from the vicinity of the young massive stellar cluster Westerlund 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abramowski, A; Aharonian, F; Akhperjanian, A G; Anton, G; Balzer, A; Barnacka, A; de Almeida, U Barres; Becherini, Y; Becker, J; Behera, B; Bernlöhr, K; Birsin, E; Biteau, J; Bochow, A; Boisson, C; Bolmont, J; Bordas, P; Brucker, J; Brun, F; Brun, P; Bulik, T; Büsching, I; Carrigan, S; Casanova, S; Cerruti, M; Chadwick, P M; Charbonnier, A; Chaves, R C G; Cheesebrough, A; Chounet, L -M; Clapson, A C; Coignet, G; Cologna, G; Conrad, J; Dalton, M; Daniel, M K; Davids, I D; Degrange, B; Deil, C; Dickinson, H J; Djannati-Ataď, A; Domainko, W; Drury, L O'C; Dubois, F; Dubus, G; Dutson, K; Dyks, J; Dyrda, M; Egberts, K; Eger, P; Espigat, P; Fallon, L; Farnier, C; Fegan, S; Feinstein, F; Fernandes, M V; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Förster, A; Füßling, M; Gallant, Y A; Gast, H; Gérard, L; Gerbig, D; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Glück, B; Goret, P; Göring, D; Häffner, S; Hague, J D; Hampf, D; Hauser, M; Heinz, S; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hinton, J A; Hoffmann, A; Hofmann, W; Hofverberg, P; Holler, M; Horns, D; Jacholkowska, A; de Jager, O C; Jahn, C; Jamrozy, M; Jung, I; Kastendieck, M A; Katarzynski, K; Katz, U; Kaufmann, S; Keogh, D; Khangulyan, D; Khélifi, B; Klochkov, D; Klu?niak, W; Kneiske, T; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Kossakowski, R; Laffon, H; Lamanna, G; Lennarz, D; Lohse, T; Lopatin, A; Lu, C -C; Marandon, V; Marcowith, A; Masbou, J; Maurin, D; Maxted, N; Mayer, M; McComb, T J L; Medina, M C; Méhault, J; Moderski, R; Moulin, E; Naumann, C L; Naumann-Godo, M; de Naurois, M; Nedbal, D; Nekrassov, D; Nguyen, N; Nicholas, B; Niemiec, J; Nolan, S J; Ohm, S; Wilhelmi, E de Ona; Opitz, B; Ostrowski, M; Oya, I; Panter, M; Arribas, M Paz; Pedaletti, G; Pelletier, G; Petrucci, P -O; Pita, S; Pühlhofer, G; Punch, M; Quirrenbach, A; Raue, M; Rayner, S M; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Renaud, M; Reyes, R de los; Rieger, F; Ripken, J; Rob, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Rudak, B; Rulten, C B; Ruppel, J; Sahakian, V; Sanchez, D; Santangelo, A; Schlickeiser, R; Schöck, F M; Schulz, A; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Sheidaei, F; Sikora, M; Skilton, J L; Sol, H; Spengler, G; Stawarz, L; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Stinzing, F; Stycz, K; Sushch, I; Szostek, A; Tavernet, J -P; Terrier, R; Tluczykont, M; Valerius, K; van Eldik, C; Vasileiadis, G; Venter, C; Vialle, J P; Viana, A; Vincent, P; Völk, H J; Volpe, F; Vorobiov, S; Vorster, M; Wagner, S J; Ward, M; White, R; Wierzcholska, A; Zacharias, M; Zajczyk, A; Zdziarski, A A; Zech, A; Zechlin, H -S

    2011-01-01

    Results obtained in very-high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) \\gamma-ray observations performed with the H.E.S.S. telescope array are used to investigate particle acceleration processes in the vicinity of the young massive stellar cluster Westerlund 1 (Wd 1). Imaging of Cherenkov light from \\gamma-ray induced particle cascades in the Earth's atmosphere is used to search for VHE \\gamma\\ rays from the region around Wd 1. Possible catalogued counterparts are searched for and discussed in terms of morphology and energetics of the H.E.S.S. source. The detection of the degree-scale extended VHE \\gamma-ray source HESS J1646-458 is reported based on 45 hours of H.E.S.S. observations performed between 2004 and 2008. The VHE \\gamma-ray source is centred on the nominal position of Wd 1 and detected with a total statistical significance of ~20\\sigma. The emission region clearly extends beyond the H.E.S.S. point-spread function (PSF). The differential energy spectrum follows a power law in energy with an index of \\Gamma=2.19 \\p...

  15. On log flat descent Luc Illusie, Chikara Nakayama, and Takeshi Tsuji

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illusie, Luc

    to the image (resp. it satisfies P = (hgp )-1 (Q) in Pgp ). A kummer homomorphism of fs monoids is exact. We

  16. Precision X-Band Linac Technologies for Nuclear Photonics Gamma-Ray Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartemann, F V; Albert, F; Anderson, S G; Bayramian, A J; Cross, R R; Ebbers, C A; Gibson, D J; Houck, T L; Marsh, R A; Messerly, M J; Siders, C W; McNabb, D P; Barty, C J; Adolphsen, C E; Chu, T S; Jongewaard, E N; Tantawi, S G; Vlieks, A E; Wang, F; Wang, J W; Raubenheimer, T O; Ighigeanu, D; Toma, M; Cutoiu, D

    2011-08-31

    Nuclear photonics is an emerging field of research requiring new tools, including high spectral brightness, tunable gamma-ray sources; high photon energy, ultrahigh-resolution crystal spectrometers; and novel detectors. This presentation focuses on the precision linac technology required for Compton scattering gamma-ray light sources, and on the optimization of the laser and electron beam pulse format to achieve unprecedented spectral brightness. Within this context, high-gradient X-band technology will be shown to offer optimal performance in a compact package, when used in conjunction with the appropriate pulse format, and photocathode illumination and interaction laser technologies. The nascent field of nuclear photonics is enabled by the recent maturation of new technologies, including high-gradient X-band electron acceleration, robust fiber laser systems, and hyper-dispersion CPA. Recent work has been performed at LLNL to demonstrate isotope-specific detection of shielded materials via NRF using a tunable, quasi-monochromatic Compton scattering gamma-ray source operating between 0.2 MeV and 0.9 MeV photon energy. This technique is called Fluorescence Imaging in the Nuclear Domain with Energetic Radiation (or FINDER). This work has, among other things, demonstrated the detection of {sup 7}Li shielded by Pb, utilizing gamma rays generated by a linac-driven, laser-based Compton scattering gamma-ray source developed at LLNL. Within this context, a new facility is currently under construction at LLNL, with the goal of generating tunable {gamma}-rays in the 0.5-2.5 MeV photon energy range, at a repetition rate of 120 Hz, and with a peak brightness in the 10{sup 20} photons/(s x mm{sup 2} x mrad{sup 2} x 0.1% bw).

  17. Degenerate Higgs bosons decays to ${\\gamma\\gamma}$ and ${Z\\gamma}$ in the type II seesaw Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chabab, M; Rahili, L

    2014-01-01

    Using the most recent results of CMS and ATLAS, we study the Higgs decays to $\\gamma\\gamma$ and $Z\\gamma$ in the scenario where the two CP even Higgs predicted by the type II seesaw model (HTM) are close to mass degenerate with a mass near $125$ GeV. We analyse the effects of the Higgs potential parameters constrained by the full set of perturbative unitarity, boundedness from below (BFB) as well as from precision electroweak measurements on these decay modes. Our analysis demonstrates that the observed excess in the diphoton Higgs decay channel can be interpreted in our scenario within a delineated region controlled by $\\lambda_{1}$ and $\\lambda_{4}$ coupling. We also find a deviation in the Higgs decay to $Z\\gamma$ with respect to the Standard Model prediction and the largest enhancement is found for a ratio $R_{Z\\gamma}$ of the order $1.6$. Furthermore we show that consistency with current ATLAS data on the diphoton decay channel favours a light doubly charged Higgs with mass in the range $92 - 180$~GeV. F...

  18. First results of electron temperature measurements by the use of multi-pass Thomson scattering system in GAMMA 10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshikawa, M., E-mail: yosikawa@prc.tsukuba.ac.jp; Nagasu, K.; Shimamura, Y.; Shima, Y.; Kohagura, J.; Sakamoto, M.; Nakashima, Y.; Imai, T.; Ichimura, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Yasuhara, R.; Yamada, I.; Funaba, H.; Kawahata, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Minami, T. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    A multi-pass Thomson scattering (TS) has the advantage of enhancing scattered signals. We constructed a multi-pass TS system for a polarisation-based system and an image relaying system modelled on the GAMMA 10 TS system. We undertook Raman scattering experiments both for the multi-pass setting and for checking the optical components. Moreover, we applied the system to the electron temperature measurements in the GAMMA 10 plasma for the first time. The integrated scattering signal was magnified by approximately three times by using the multi-pass TS system with four passes. The electron temperature measurement accuracy is improved by using this multi-pass system.

  19. Exclusive search for Higgs boson to gamma-gamma decay via vector boson fusion production mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, Dylan Sheldon

    2012-01-01

    We perform an exclusive search for the Higgs boson to gamma-gamma decay via vector boson fusion. We utilize the characteristic features of vector boson fusion, such as the di-jet [Delta][eta] and mass, as well as the ...

  20. Characterization of the unfolding, refolding, and aggregation pathways of two protein implicated in cataractogenesis : human gamma D and human gamma S crystallin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosinski-Collins, Melissa Sue, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Human [gamma]D crystallin (H[gamma]D-Crys) and human [gamma]S crystallin (H[gamma]S-Crys), are major proteins of the human eye lens and are components of cataracts. H[gamma]D-Crys is expressed early in life in the lens ...

  1. Imaging Scatterometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Morten Hannibal

    2015-01-01

    We present an optical metrology system for characterization of topography of micro/nano-structures on a surface or embedded in a semi-transparent material. Based on the principles of scatterometry, where the intensity of scattered light is used as a 'fingerprint' to reconstruct a surface, this new imaging scatterometer can easily find areas of interest on the cm scale and measure multiple segments simultaneously. The imaging scatterometer measures structural features, such as height, width, and sidewall angle of a grating locally on few um2 areas with nm resolution. We demonstrate two imaging scatterometers, one built into an optical microscope and one in a split configuration. The two scatterometers are targeted characterization of mm2 and cm2 areas, respectively, and both setups are validated using nano-textured samples.

  2. Coal log pipeline research at the University of Missouri. 4th Quarterly report for 1994, October 1, 1994--December 31, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, H.; Wilson, J.W.

    1995-06-01

    Several factors involved in coal log fabrication, storage and handling, such as curing time, aspect ratio and particle size distribution, were evaluated during the fourth quarter of 1994. When Orimulsion is used for coal log fabrication, a certain period of time is required to build up the strength of coal log. From the test results obtained, the longer the curing period the greater the wear resistance of the coal log. From previous studies, the coal log length to diameter ratio (aspect) was found to be an important factor affecting coal log performance during the pipeline degradation test. From the 2 inches pipeline degradation test results, coal logs with aspect ratios ranging from 1.6 to 2.2 traveled in a more stable manner, and had lower weight loss than coal logs with aspect ratios less than 1.6. The influence of particle size on the performance of a coal log was evaluated to determine the optimum particle size for coal log fabrication, based on practical and economical considerations.

  3. Gamma-ray Output Spectra from 239 Pu Fission

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ullmann, John

    2015-05-25

    Gamma-ray multiplicities, individual gamma-ray energy spectra, and total gamma energy spectra following neutron-induced fission of 239Pu were measured using the DANCE detector at Los Alamos. Corrections for detector response were made using a forward-modeling technique based on propagating sets of gamma rays generated from a paramaterized model through a GEANT model of the DANCE array and adjusting the parameters for best fit to the measured spectra. The results for the gamma-ray spectrum and multiplicity are in general agreement with previous results, but the measured total gamma-ray energy is about 10% higher. A dependence of the gamma-ray spectrum on the gamma-raymore ťmultplicity was also observed. Global model calculations of the multiplicity and gamma energy distributions are in good agreement with the data, but predict a slightly softer total-energy distribution.Ť less

  4. Discovery of TeV Gamma-Ray Emission from the Cygnus Region of the Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdo, A A; Berley, D; Blaufuss, E; Casanova, S; Chen, C; Coyne, D G; Delay, R S; Dingus, B L; Ellsworth, R W; Fleysher, L; Fleysher, R; González, M M; Goodman, J A; Hays, E; Hoffman, C M; Kolterman, B E; Kelley, L A; Lansdell, C P; Linnemann, J T; McEnery, J E; Mincer, A I; Moskalenko, I V; Némethy, P; Noyes, D; Ryan, J M; Samuelson, F W; Parkinson, P M S; Schneider, M; Shoup, A; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Strong, A W; Sullivan, G W; Vasileiou, V; Walker, G P; Williams, D A; Xu, X W; Yodh, G B

    2006-01-01

    The diffuse gamma radiation arising from the interaction of cosmic ray particles with matter and radiation in the Galaxy is one of the few probes available to study the origin of the cosmic rays. Milagro is a water Cherenkov detector that continuously views the entire overhead sky. The large field-of-view combined with the long observation time makes Milagro the most sensitive instrument available for the study of large, low surface brightness sources such as the diffuse gamma radiation arising from interactions of cosmic radiation with interstellar matter. In this paper we present spatial and flux measurements of TeV gamma-ray emission from the Cygnus Region. The TeV image shows at least one new source MGRO J2019+37 as well as correlations with the matter density in the region as would be expected from cosmic-ray proton interactions. However, the TeV gamma-ray flux as measured at ~12 TeV from the Cygnus region (after excluding MGRO J2019+37) exceeds that predicted from a conventional model of cosmic ray prod...

  5. Observation of the Crab Nebula in Soft Gamma Rays with the Nuclear Compton Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandstra, Mark ShenYu

    2010-01-01

    Gamma-ray bursts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.268] G. J. Fishman. The gamma-ray burst capabilities of BATSEOlson. Observations of Gamma- Ray Bursts of Cosmic Origin.

  6. NETL CT Imaging Facility

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-05-21

    NETL's CT Scanner laboratory is equipped with three CT scanners and a mobile core logging unit that work together to provide characteristic geologic and geophysical information at different scales, non-destructively.

  7. NETL CT Imaging Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-09-04

    NETL's CT Scanner laboratory is equipped with three CT scanners and a mobile core logging unit that work together to provide characteristic geologic and geophysical information at different scales, non-destructively.

  8. Log-normal distribution based EMOS models for probabilistic wind speed forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baran, Sándor

    2014-01-01

    Ensembles of forecasts are obtained from multiple runs of numerical weather forecasting models with different initial conditions and typically employed to account for forecast uncertainties. However, biases and dispersion errors often occur in forecast ensembles, they are usually under-dispersive and uncalibrated and require statistical post-processing. We present an Ensemble Model Output Statistics (EMOS) method for calibration of wind speed forecasts based on the log-normal (LN) distribution, and we also show a regime-switching extension of the model which combines the previously studied truncated normal (TN) distribution with the LN. Both presented models are applied to wind speed forecasts of the eight-member University of Washington mesoscale ensemble, of the fifty-member ECMWF ensemble and of the eleven-member ALADIN-HUNEPS ensemble of the Hungarian Meteorological Service, and their predictive performances are compared to those of the TN and general extreme value (GEV) distribution based EMOS methods an...

  9. Implementation of the Log-Conformation Formulation for Two-Dimensional Viscoelastic Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, K E; Okkels, F

    2015-01-01

    We have implemented the log-conformation method for two-dimensional viscoelastic flow in COMSOL, a commercial high-level finite element package. The code is verified for an Oldroyd-B fluid flowing past a confined cylinder. We are also able to describe the well-known bistability of the viscoelastic flow in a cross-slot geometry for a FENE-CR fluid, and we describe the changes required for performing simulations with the Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT), Giesekus and FENE-P models. Finally, we calculate the flow of a FENE-CR fluid in a geometry with three in- and outlets. The implementation is included in the supplementary material, and we hope that it can inspire new as well as experienced researchers in the field of differential constitutive equations for viscoelastic flow.

  10. Apparatus and method for detecting gamma radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sigg, R.A.

    1994-12-13

    A high efficiency radiation detector is disclosed for measuring X-ray and gamma radiation from small-volume, low-activity liquid samples with an overall uncertainty better than 0.7% (one sigma SD). The radiation detector includes a hyperpure germanium well detector, a collimator, and a reference source. The well detector monitors gamma radiation emitted by the reference source and a radioactive isotope or isotopes in a sample source. The radiation from the reference source is collimated to avoid attenuation of reference source gamma radiation by the sample. Signals from the well detector are processed and stored, and the stored data is analyzed to determine the radioactive isotope(s) content of the sample. Minor self-attenuation corrections are calculated from chemical composition data. 4 figures.

  11. Apparatus and method for detecting gamma radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sigg, Raymond A. (Martinez, GA)

    1994-01-01

    A high efficiency radiation detector for measuring X-ray and gamma radiation from small-volume, low-activity liquid samples with an overall uncertainty better than 0.7% (one sigma SD). The radiation detector includes a hyperpure germanium well detector, a collimator, and a reference source. The well detector monitors gamma radiation emitted by the reference source and a radioactive isotope or isotopes in a sample source. The radiation from the reference source is collimated to avoid attenuation of reference source gamma radiation by the sample. Signals from the well detector are processed and stored, and the stored data is analyzed to determine the radioactive isotope(s) content of the sample. Minor self-attenuation corrections are calculated from chemical composition data.

  12. Fermi Observations of Gamma-ray Bursts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohno, Masanori [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)

    2010-10-15

    The gamma-ray emission mechanism of Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are still unknown. Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope successfully detected high-energy (> 100 MeV) emission from 17 GRBs since its launch. Fermi revealed the distinct temporal behaviors and extra spectral component from high-energy emission. These new observational results are driving many theoretical implications, such as leptonic, hadronic and afterglow origin. The highest energy photon detected by Fermi gives a constraint on the bulk Lorentz factor of the ultra-relativistic jets of GRBs. The impact of the Fermi GRB observations extends not only to the GRB-related issues but also to the outside GRB physics, such as quantum gravity and model of the extra galactic background light.

  13. 1. c) For all five types, the distribution is quite symmetric. Hearthlog typically burns the longest, with a mean of about 2:40. Wax Logs and Duraflame have a mean about 10 minutes lower. Hot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preston, Scott

    the longest, with a mean of about 2:40. Wax Logs and Duraflame have a mean about 10 minutes lower. Hot Logs:15. For all but Wax Logs, the distributions have similar variability ­ each has a standard deviation around 9 minutes. Wax Logs burn more consistently near the mean time ­ the standard deviation is just over 5

  14. Gamma Ray Bursts in the HAWC Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mészáros, Peter; Murase, Kohta; Fox, Derek; Gao, He; Senno, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    Gamma-Ray Bursts are the most energetic explosions in the Universe, and are among the most promising for detecting multiple non-electromagnetic signals, including cosmic rays, high energy neutrinos and gravitational waves. The multi-GeV to TeV gamma-ray range of GRB could have significant contributions from hadronic interactions, mixed with more conventional leptonic contributions. This energy range is important for probing the source physics, including overall energetics, the shock parameters and the Lorentz factor. We discuss some of the latest observational and theoretical developments in the field.

  15. Status of the Milagro $\\gamma$ Ray Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, R; Berley, D; Chen, M L; Coyne, D G; Delay, R S; Dingus, B L; Dorfan, D E; Ellsworth, R W; Evans, D; Falcone, A D; Fleysher, L; Fleysher, R; Gisler, G; Goodman, J A; Haines, T J; Hoffman, C M; Hugenberger, S; Kelley, L A; Leonor, I; Macri, J R; McConnell, M; McCullough, J F; McEnery, J E; Miller, R S; Mincer, A I; Morales, M F; Némethy, P; Ryan, J M; Schneider, M; Shen, B; Shoup, A L; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Sullivan, G W; Thompson, T N; Tümer, T O; Wang, K; Wascko, M O; Westerhoff, S; Williams, D A; Yang, T; Yodh, G B

    2001-01-01

    The Milagro Gamma Ray Observatory is the world's first large-area water Cherenkov detector capable of continuously monitoring the sky at TeV energies. Located in northern New Mexico, Milagro will perform an all sky survey of the Northern Hemisphere at energies between ~250 GeV and 50 TeV. With a high duty cycle, large detector area (~5000 square meters), and a wide field-of-view (~1 sr), Milagro is uniquely capable of searching for transient and DC sources of high-energy gamma-ray emission. Milagro has been operating since February, 1999. The current status of the Milagro Observatory and initial results will be discussed.

  16. Status of the Milagro Gamma Ray Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Atkins; W. Benbow; D. Berley; M. -L. Chen; D. G. Coyne; R. S. Delay; B. L. Dingus; D. E. Dorfan; R. W. Ellsworth; D. Evans; A. Falcone; L. Fleysher; R. Fleysher; G. Gisler; J. A. Goodman; T. J. Haines; C. M. Hoffman; S. Hugenberger; L. A. Kelley; I. Leonor; J. Macri; M. McConnell; J. F. McCullough; J. E. McEnery; R. S. Miller; A. I. Mincer; M. F. Morales; P. Nemethy; J. M. Ryan; M. Schneider; B. Shen; A. Shoup; G. Sinnis; A. J. Smith; G. W. Sullivan; T. N. Thompson; O. T. Tumer; K. Wang; M. O. Wascko; S. Westerhoff; D. A. Williams; T. Yang; G. B. Yodh

    1999-06-24

    The Milagro Gamma Ray Observatory is the world's first large-area water Cherenkov detector capable of continuously monitoring the sky at TeV energies. Located in northern New Mexico, Milagro will perform an all sky survey of the Northern Hemisphere at energies between ~250 GeV and 50 TeV. With a high duty cycle, large detector area (~5000 square meters), and a wide field-of-view (~1 sr), Milagro is uniquely capable of searching for transient and DC sources of high-energy gamma-ray emission. Milagro has been operating since February, 1999. The current status of the Milagro Observatory and initial results will be discussed.

  17. Gamma Ray Bursts in the HAWC Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Mészáros; Katsuaki Asano; Kohta Murase; Derek Fox; He Gao; Nicholas Senno

    2015-06-08

    Gamma-Ray Bursts are the most energetic explosions in the Universe, and are among the most promising for detecting multiple non-electromagnetic signals, including cosmic rays, high energy neutrinos and gravitational waves. The multi-GeV to TeV gamma-ray range of GRB could have significant contributions from hadronic interactions, mixed with more conventional leptonic contributions. This energy range is important for probing the source physics, including overall energetics, the shock parameters and the Lorentz factor. We discuss some of the latest observational and theoretical developments in the field.

  18. Gamma-Ray Burst observations with Fermi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bissaldi, Elisabetta; Omodei, Nicola; Vianello, Giacomo; von Kienlin, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    After seven years of science operation, the Fermi mission has brought great advances in the study of Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs). Over 1600 GRBs have been detected by the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor, and more than 100 of these are also detected by the Large Area Telescope above 30 MeV. We will give an overview of these observations, presenting the common properties in the GRB temporal and spectral behavior at high energies. We will also highlight the unique characteristics of some individual bursts. The main physical implications of these results will be discussed, along with open questions regarding GRB modeling in their prompt and temporally-extended emission phases.

  19. A supersymmetric model of gamma ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Clavelli; G. Karatheodoris

    2005-08-08

    We propose a model for gamma ray bursts in which a star subject to a high level of fermion degeneracy undergoes a phase transition to a supersymmetric state. The burst is initiated by the transition of fermion pairs to sfermion pairs which, uninhibited by the Pauli exclusion principle, can drop to the ground state of minimum momentum through photon emission. The jet structure is attributed to the Bose statistics of sfermions whereby subsequent sfermion pairs are preferentially emitted into the same state (sfermion amplification by stimulated emission). Bremsstrahlung gamma rays tend to preserve the directional information of the sfermion momenta and are themselves enhanced by stimulated emission.

  20. Gamma-Ray Bursts: Jets and Energetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Frail

    2003-11-12

    The relativistic outflows from gamma-ray bursts are now thought to be narrowly collimated into jets. After correcting for this jet geometry there is a remarkable constancy of both the energy radiated by the burst and the kinetic energy carried by the outflow. Gamma-ray bursts are still the most luminous explosions in the Universe, but they release energies that are comparable to supernovae. The diversity of cosmic explosions appears to be governed by the fraction of energy that is coupled to ultra-relativistic ejecta.

  1. Nucleosynthesis in gamma-ray bursts outflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Lemoine

    2002-06-19

    It is shown that fusion of neutrons and protons to He-4 nuclei occurs in gamma-ray burst outflows in a process similar to big-bang nucleosynthesis in the early Universe. Only the surviving free neutrons can then decouple kinematically from the charged fluid so that the multi-GeV neutrino signal predicted from inelastic nuclear n-p collisions is significantly reduced. It is also argued that a sizeable fraction of ultra-high energy cosmic rays accelerated in gamma-ray bursts should be He-4 nuclei.

  2. Nuclear Imaging | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Jefferson Lab's Radiation Detector and Imaging Group Members of Jefferson Lab's Radiation Detector & Medical Imaging Group design and build unique imaging devices based on...

  3. A multi-messenger study of the Fermi Bubbles: very high energy gamma rays and neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunardini, Cecilia; Yang, Lili

    2015-01-01

    The Fermi Bubbles have been imaged in sub-TeV gamma rays at Fermi-LAT, and, if their origin is hadronic, they might have been seen with low statistics in $\\sim 0.1- 1$ PeV neutrinos at IceCube. We discuss the detectability of these objects at the new High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) gamma ray detector. HAWC will view the North Bubble for $\\sim 2-3$ hours a day, and will map its spectrum at 0.1-100 TeV. For the hard primary proton spectrum required to explain five events at IceCube, a high significance detection at HAWC will be achieved in less than 30 days. The combination of results at HAWC and IceCube will substantiate the hadronic model, or constrain its spectral parameters.

  4. The Gamma Ray Detection Capabilities of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Battiston; M. Biasini; E. Fiandrini; J. Petrakis; M. H. Salamon

    1999-09-30

    The modeled performance of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) as a high energy (0.3 to 100 GeV) gamma-ray detector is described, and its gamma ray astrophysics objectives are discussed.

  5. 9/17/12 Lessons from the US: stopping illegal logging benefits both sides of politics 1/3theconversation.edu.au/lessons-from-the-us-stopping-illegal-logging-benefits-both-sides-of-politics-9529

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    industry, has been to conduct business and manage forests in a way that ensures the timber resources we Cipta Perkasa illegally cleared a peat forest in central Borneo that contained substantial stands billion annually. Logging gangs evade paying fees for use of natural resources, smuggle timber out

  6. The agile alert system for gamma-ray transients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bulgarelli, A.; Trifoglio, M.; Gianotti, F.; Fioretti, V.; Chen, A. W.; Pittori, C.; Verrecchia, F.; Lucarelli, F.; Santolamazza, P.; Fanari, G.; Giommi, P.; Pellizzoni, A.; and others

    2014-01-20

    In recent years, a new generation of space missions has offered great opportunities for discovery in high-energy astrophysics. In this article we focus on the scientific operations of the Gamma-Ray Imaging Detector (GRID) on board the AGILE space mission. AGILE-GRID, sensitive in the energy range of 30 MeV-30 GeV, has detected many ?-ray transients of both galactic and extragalactic origin. This work presents the AGILE innovative approach to fast ?-ray transient detection, which is a challenging task and a crucial part of the AGILE scientific program. The goals are to describe (1) the AGILE Gamma-Ray Alert System, (2) a new algorithm for blind search identification of transients within a short processing time, (3) the AGILE procedure for ?-ray transient alert management, and (4) the likelihood of ratio tests that are necessary to evaluate the post-trial statistical significance of the results. Special algorithms and an optimized sequence of tasks are necessary to reach our goal. Data are automatically analyzed at every orbital downlink by an alert pipeline operating on different timescales. As proper flux thresholds are exceeded, alerts are automatically generated and sent as SMS messages to cellular telephones, via e-mail, and via push notifications from an application for smartphones and tablets. These alerts are crosschecked with the results of two pipelines, and a manual analysis is performed. Being a small scientific-class mission, AGILE is characterized by optimization of both scientific analysis and ground-segment resources. The system is capable of generating alerts within two to three hours of a data downlink, an unprecedented reaction time in ?-ray astrophysics.

  7. Imaging bolometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wurden, Glen A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1999-01-01

    Radiation-hard, steady-state imaging bolometer. A bolometer employing infrared (IR) imaging of a segmented-matrix absorber of plasma radiation in a cooled-pinhole camera geometry is described. The bolometer design parameters are determined by modeling the temperature of the foils from which the absorbing matrix is fabricated by using a two-dimensional time-dependent solution of the heat conduction equation. The resulting design will give a steady-state bolometry capability, with approximately 100 Hz time resolution, while simultaneously providing hundreds of channels of spatial information. No wiring harnesses will be required, as the temperature-rise data will be measured via an IR camera. The resulting spatial data may be used to tomographically investigate the profile of plasmas.

  8. Imaging bolometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wurden, G.A.

    1999-01-19

    Radiation-hard, steady-state imaging bolometer is disclosed. A bolometer employing infrared (IR) imaging of a segmented-matrix absorber of plasma radiation in a cooled-pinhole camera geometry is described. The bolometer design parameters are determined by modeling the temperature of the foils from which the absorbing matrix is fabricated by using a two-dimensional time-dependent solution of the heat conduction equation. The resulting design will give a steady-state bolometry capability, with approximately 100 Hz time resolution, while simultaneously providing hundreds of channels of spatial information. No wiring harnesses will be required, as the temperature-rise data will be measured via an IR camera. The resulting spatial data may be used to tomographically investigate the profile of plasmas. 2 figs.

  9. A Mobile Automated Tomographic Gamma Scanning System - 13231

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkpatrick, J.M.; LeBlanc, P.J.; Nakazawa, D.; Petroka, D.L.; Kane Smith, S.; Venkataraman, R.; Villani, M. [Canberra Industries, Inc. 800 Research Parkway, Meriden CT 06450 (United States)] [Canberra Industries, Inc. 800 Research Parkway, Meriden CT 06450 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Canberra Industries have recently designed and built a new automated Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) system for mobile deployment. The TGS technique combines high-resolution gamma spectroscopy with low spatial resolution 3-dimensional image reconstruction to provide increased accuracy over traditional approaches for the assay of non-uniform source distributions in low-to medium-density, non-heterogeneous matrices. Originally pioneered by R. Estep at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the TGS method has been further developed and commercialized by Canberra Industries in recent years. The present system advances the state of the art on several fronts: it is designed to be housed in a standard cargo transport container for ease of transport, allowing waste characterization at multiple facilities under the purview of a single operator. Conveyor feed, drum rotator, and detector and collimator positioning mechanisms operated by programmable logic control (PLC) allow automated batch mode operation. The variable geometry settings can accommodate a wide range of waste packaging, including but not limited to standard 220 liter drums, 380 liter overpack drums, and smaller 20 liter cans. A 20 mCi Eu-152 transmission source provides attenuation corrections for drum matrices up to 1 g/cm{sup 3} in TGS mode; the system can be operated in Segmented Gamma Scanning (SGS) mode to measure higher density drums. To support TGS assays at higher densities, the source shield is sufficient to house an alternate Co-60 transmission source of higher activity, up to 250 mCi. An automated shutter and attenuator assembly is provided for operating the system with a dual intensity transmission source. The system's 1500 kg capacity rotator turntable can handle heavy containers such as concrete lined 380 liter overpack drums. Finally, data acquisition utilizes Canberra's Broad Energy Germanium (BEGE) detector and Lynx MCA, with 32 k channels, providing better than 0.1 keV/channel resolution to support both isotopic analysis with the MGA/MGAU software and a wide 3 MeV dynamic range. The calibration and verification of the system is discussed, and quantitative results are presented for a variety of drum types and matrices. (authors)

  10. Anatomic and functional imaging of tagged molecules in animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weisenberger, Andrew G. (Yorktown, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Paulus, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN); Gleason, Shaun S. (Knoxville, VA)

    2007-04-24

    A novel functional imaging system for use in the imaging of unrestrained and non-anesthetized small animals or other subjects and a method for acquiring such images and further registering them with anatomical X-ray images previously or subsequently acquired. The apparatus comprises a combination of an IR laser profilometry system and gamma, PET and/or SPECT, imaging system, all mounted on a rotating gantry, that permits simultaneous acquisition of positional and orientational information and functional images of an unrestrained subject that are registered, i.e. integrated, using image processing software to produce a functional image of the subject without the use of restraints or anesthesia. The functional image thus obtained can be registered with a previously or subsequently obtained X-ray CT image of the subject. The use of the system described herein permits functional imaging of a subject in an unrestrained/non-anesthetized condition thereby reducing the stress on the subject and eliminating any potential interference with the functional testing that such stress might induce.

  11. Astrofisica e particelle elementari Gamma cosmici

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", UniversitĂ  di

    la distribuzione dei fotoni di bassa energia. Lo spettro di energia del fondo di microonde è: !(k1 gamma cosmici non possono essere di origine termica in quanto richiederebbero temperature al di sopra di nel campo coulombiano di particelle cariche. L'energia persa dagli elettroni è per unità di materia

  12. Gamma-Ray Pulsars: Models and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alice K. Harding

    2000-12-12

    Pulsed emission from gamma-ray pulsars originates inside the magnetosphere, from radiation by charged particles accelerated near the magnetic poles or in the outer gaps. In polar cap models, the high energy spectrum is cut off by magnetic pair production above an energy that is dependent on the local magnetic field strength. While most young pulsars with surface fields in the range B = 10^{12} - 10^{13} G are expected to have high energy cutoffs around several GeV, the gamma-ray spectra of old pulsars having lower surface fields may extend to 50 GeV. Although the gamma-ray emission of older pulsars is weaker, detecting pulsed emission at high energies from nearby sources would be an important confirmation of polar cap models. Outer gap models predict more gradual high-energy turnovers at around 10 GeV, but also predict an inverse Compton component extending to TeV energies. Detection of pulsed TeV emission, which would not survive attenuation at the polar caps, is thus an important test of outer gap models. Next-generation gamma-ray telescopes sensitive to GeV-TeV emission will provide critical tests of pulsar acceleration and emission mechanisms.

  13. High redshift Gamma-Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaterra, R

    2015-01-01

    Ten years of operations of the Swift satellite have allow us to collect a small sample of long Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) at redshift larger than six. I will review here the present status of this research field and discuss the possible use of GRBs as a fundamental new tool to explore the early Universe, complementary to quasar and galaxy surveys.

  14. Motion Planning with Gamma-Harmonic Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masoud, Ahmad A.

    to the target. The approach is easily adaptable to planning in a cluttered environment containing a vector drift flowing in a nonhomogeneous conducting medium. The resulting potential field is known as the gamma for the incremental construction of a representation. Another important issue is to increase the diversity

  15. Tomographic Gamma Scanner Experience: Three Cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mercer, David J.

    2014-06-30

    This is a summary of field applications of tomographic gamma scanning (TGS). Three cases are shown: enriched uranium scanning at Rocky Flats, heat-source plutonium at LANL, and plutonium-bearing pyrochemical salts at Rocky Flats. Materials are taken from the references shown below.

  16. Delayed Nickel Decay in Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. C. McLaughlin; R. A. M. J. Wijers

    2002-05-19

    Recently observed emission lines in the X-ray afterglow of gamma ray bursts suggest that iron group elements are either produced in the gamma ray burst, or are present nearby. If this material is the product of a thermonuclear burn, then such material would be expected to be rich in Nickel-56. If the nickel remains partially ionized, this prevents the electron capture reaction normally associated with the decay of Nickel-56, dramatically increasing the decay timescale. Here we examine the consequences of rapid ejection of a fraction of a solar mass of iron group material from the center of a collapsar/hypernova. The exact rate of decay then depends on the details of the ionization and therefore the ejection process. Future observations of iron, nickel and cobalt lines can be used to diagnose the origin of these elements and to better understand the astrophysical site of gamma ray bursts. In this model, the X-ray lines of these iron-group elements could be detected in suspected hypernovae that did not produce an observable gamma ray burst due to beaming.

  17. Gamma-ray bursts: a Centauro's cry?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. K. Silagadze

    2003-06-30

    A new candidate for the gamma-ray bursts central engine is proposed: if in some energetic cosmic event a macroscopic amount of bubbles of the disoriented chiral condensate can be formed, then their subsequent decays will produce a relativistic fireball without the baryon loading problem. The neutron star to strange star transition is considered as a candidate example of such cosmic event.

  18. A Determination of the Gamma-ray Flux and Photon Spectral Index Distributions of Blazars from the Fermi-LAT 3LAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singal, J

    2015-01-01

    We present a determination of the distributions of gamma-ray photon flux -- the so called LogN-LogS relation -- and photon spectral index for blazars, based on the third extragalactic source catalog of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope's Large Area Telescope, and considering the photon energy range from 100 MeV to 100 GeV. The dataset consists of the 774 blazars in the so-called "Clean" sample detected with a greater than approximately seven sigma detection threshold and located above $\\pm$20 deg Galactic latitude. We use non-parametric methods verified in previous works to reconstruct the intrinsic distributions from the observed ones which account for the data truncations introduced by observational bias and includes the effects of the possible correlation between the flux and photon index. The intrinsic flux distribution can be represented by a broken power law with a high flux power-law index of -2.43$\\pm$0.08 and a low flux power-law index of -1.87$\\pm$0.10. The intrinsic photon index distribution can ...

  19. Interdiffusion Behavior of Pt-Diffused gamma+gamma' Coatings on Ni-Based Superalloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Ying [Tennessee Technological University; Stacy, J P [Tennessee Technological University; Pint, Bruce A [ORNL; Haynes, James A [ORNL; Hazel, Brian T [GE Aviation; Nagaraj, Ben [GE Aviation

    2008-01-01

    Platinum-diffused {gamma} + {gamma}{prime} coatings ({approx} 20 at.% Al, {approx} 22 at.% Pt) were synthesized on Rene 142 and Rene N5 Ni-based superalloys by electroplating the substrates with {approx} 7 {micro}m of Pt, followed by an annealing treatment in vacuum at 1175 C. In order to study the compositional and microstructural evolution of these coatings at elevated temperatures, interdiffusion experiments were carried out on coated specimens in the temperature range of 900-1050 C for various durations. Composition profiles of the alloying elements in the {gamma} + {gamma}{prime} coatings before and after diffusion experiments were determined by electron probe microanalysis. Although the change of the Al content in the coatings was minimal under these interdiffusion conditions, the decrease of the Pt content and increase of the diffusion depth of Pt into the substrate alloys were significant. A preliminary diffusion model was used to estimate the Pt penetration depth after diffusion.

  20. Gamma-Ray Bursts, Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, and Cosmic Gamma-Ray Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomonori Totani

    1999-04-13

    We argue that gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may be the origin of the cosmic gamma-ray background radiation observed in GeV range. It has theoretically been discussed that protons may carry a much larger amount of energy than electrons in GRBs, and this large energy can be radiated in TeV range by synchrotron radiation of ultra-high-energy protons (\\sim 10^{20} eV). The possible detection of GRBs above 10 TeV suggested by the Tibet and HEGRA groups also supports this idea. If this is the case, most of TeV gamma-rays from GRBs are absorbed in intergalactic fields and eventually form GeV gamma-ray background, whose flux is in good agreement with the recent observation.

  1. Observation of the radiative decay D*+-> D+gamma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

    1998-05-01

    We have observed a signal for the decay D*(+) --> D(+)gamma at a significance of 4 standard deviations. From the measured branching ratio B(D*(+) --> D(+)gamma)/B(D*(+) --> D(+)pi(0)) = 0.055 +/- 0.014 +/- 0.010 we find B(D*(+) --> D(+)gamma) = 0...

  2. Gamma-Ray Bursts Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Thomas

    Lecture 18 Gamma-Ray Bursts #12;Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963 First Vela satellite pair launched and their predecessors, Vela 4, discovered the first gamma-ray bursts. The discovery was announced by Klebesadel, Strong, and Olson (ApJ, 182, 85) in 1973. #12;First Gamma-Ray Burst The Vela 5 satellites functioned from July, 1969

  3. SGARFACE: a novel detector for microsecond gamma ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SGARFACE: a novel detector for microsecond gamma ray bursts S. LeBohec *,1 , F. Krennrich, G surveys and monitors for clas- sical gamma ray bursts. The sensitivity of these telescopes is limited 2005 Abstract The Short GAmma Ray Front Air Cherenkov Experiment (SGARFACE) is operated at the Whipple

  4. The SM Higgs-boson production in gamma gamma -> h -> bb at the Photon Collider at TESLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Niezurawski; A. F. Zarnecki; M. Krawczyk

    2002-09-06

    Measuring the Gamma(h -> gamma gamma)Br(h -> bb) decay at the photon collider at TESLA is studied for a Standard Model Higgs boson of mass m_h = 120 GeV. The main background due to the process gamma gamma -> QQ(g), where Q = b,c, is estimated using the NLO QCD program (G. Jikia); the results obtained are compared with the corresponding LO estimate. Using a realistic luminosity spectrum and performing a detector simulation with the SIMDET program, we find that the Gamma(h -> gamma gamma)Br(h -> bb) decay can be measured with an accuracy better than 2% after one year of photon collider running.

  5. Study of the $f_2(1270)$ and $a_2(1320)$ resonances in $\\gamma^*(Q^2)\\gamma$ collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achasov, N N; Shestakov, G N

    2015-01-01

    We discuss studies of the $Q^2$ dependence of the $f_2(1270)$ and $a_2 (1320)$ production cross sections in $\\gamma^*(Q^2)\\gamma $ collisions at current and coming into operation colliders with a high luminosity. Changing the dominant helicity amplitude occurs in the reactions $\\gamma^*(Q ^2)\\gamma\\to f_2(1270)$ and $\\gamma^*(Q^2) \\gamma\\to a_2(1320)$ with increasing $Q^2$. This is caused by the coming of the QCD asymptotics. It is shown that the transition to the asymptotic behavior of QCD in the amplitudes $\\gamma^*(Q^2) \\gamma\\to f_2(1270),a_2(1320)$ is provided by the compensation of the contributions of ground vector states $\\rho$ and $\\omega$ in $Q^2$-channel with the contributions of their radial excitations.

  6. Image Formation by Incoherent and Coherent Transition Radiation from Flat and Rough Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stupakov, Gennady; /SLAC

    2012-03-01

    In this paper we derive equations for the image formation of transverse profile of a relativistic beam obtained by means of optical transition radiation (OTR) from flat and rough metal surfaces. The motivation behind this study lies in the desire to suppress coherent transition radiation (COTR) observed in experiments at modern free electron lasers. The physical mechanism behind the problem of COTR is that the OTR is predominantly radiated at small angles of order of 1/{gamma} where {gamma} is the relativistic factor of the beam. This means that the transverse formation size of the image is of order of {bar {lambda}}{gamma} where {bar {lambda}} = {lambda}/2{pi} with {lambda} the radiation wavelength. For relativistic beams this can be comparable or even exceed the transverse size of the beam, which would mean that the image of the beam has very little to do with its transverse profile. It is fortuitous, however, that the incoherent image is formed by adding radiation energy of electrons and results in the transverse formation size being of order of {bar {lambda}}/{theta}{sub a}, with {theta}{sub a} is the aperture angle of the optical system. The COTR image, in contrast, is formed by adding electromagnetic field of electrons, and leads to the formation size {bar {lambda}}{gamma}. In situations when the COTR intensity exceeds that of OTR the COTR imaging makes the diagnostic incapable of measuring the beam profile.

  7. Towards a systematic analysis of cluster computing log data: the case of IBM BlueGene/Q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards a systematic analysis of cluster computing log data: the case of IBM BlueGene/Q Alina S^irbu, Ozalp Babaoglu Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Bologna Mura Anteo Zamboni and complexity of managing large comput- ing infrastructures has been on the rise. Automating management actions

  8. Improved Detection of Bed Boundaries for Petrophysical Evaluation with Well Logs: Applications to Carbonate and Organic-Shale Formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    : Applications to Carbonate and Organic-Shale Formations Zoya Heidari, SPE, Texas A&M University and Carlos of well logs acquired in organic shales and carbonates is challenging because of the presence of thin beds acquired in thinly bedded carbonates and in the Haynesville shale-gas formation. Estimates of petrophysical

  9. Rapid, Interactive Assessment of Petrophysical and Geometrical Effects on Density and Neutron Logs Acquired in Vertical and Deviated Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SPE 124879 Rapid, Interactive Assessment of Petrophysical and Geometrical Effects on Density and invasion with water- and oil-base muds. Our rapid simulation procedure enables the interactivel on field logs. It also permits efficient integration with induction resistivity measurements for assessment

  10. Enormous sums of money are invested by industry and scientific funding agencies every year in seismic, well log-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in seismic, well log- ging, electromagnetic, earthquake monitoring and micro- seismic surveys, and in laboratory-based experiments. For each survey or experiment a design process must first take place. An efficient design is usually a compromise--a suit- able trade-off between information that is expected

  11. Action on illegal logging: measuring UNECE/FAO and WTO workshop: Emerging trade measures in timber markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Russia PNG & Solomons Malaysia Indonesia Burma Brazil #12;5 Exports to sensitive markets (1) ˇ `Sensitive' markets: Australia, EU, New Zealand, US ˇ Exports from producer countries to sensitive market to plywood exports to Nigeria ­ Cameroon's share is also falling (90%-70%), due to logs going to China

  12. State-Of-The-Art in Permeability Determination From Well Log Data: Part 1-A Comparative Study, Model Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Determination From Well Log Data: Part 1- A Comparative Study, Model Development Balan, B., Mohaghegh, S., Ameri use of empirically determined models, multiple variable regression, and artificial neural networks present only the model develop- ment phase in which we are testing the capability of each method to match

  13. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal on the EU side. 9/13/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging www.africa-eu-partnership.org/print/122 1/2 #12;The goes a long way in supporting the Africa-EU Partnership on Trade, Regional Integration

  14. How To Complete Export Control Training 1. Log into CITI, then you'll be brought to your main menu.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    How To Complete Export Control Training 1. Log into CITI, then you'll be brought to your main menu To Complete Export Control Training 2. Scroll towards the bottom of the page to CITI Course Enrollment questions to question 4: Question 4 US Export Control Regulations Please make your selection below

  15. Constructing a Balanced, (log(N)/loglog(N))-Diameter Super-Peer Topology for Scalable P2P Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reeves, Douglas S.

    Constructing a Balanced, (log(N)/loglog(N))-Diameter Super-Peer Topology for Scalable P2P Systems Young June Pyun Department of Computer Science North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina yjpyun@unity.ncsu.edu Douglas S. Reeves Departments of Computer Science and Electrical and Computer

  16. Annual Logging Symposium, June 19-23, 2010 Formation Evaluation in the Bakken Complex Using Laboratory Core Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , June 19-23, 2010. 1 ABSTRACT There is intense interest in the oil and gas potential of unconventional an unconventional solution with a greater level of reservoir understanding. A suite of advanced logging sensors be extended to other unconventional reservoirs. Correlations and reservoir zone prognosis are discussed

  17. Bio-logging of marine migratory species in the law of the sea James Kraska a,b,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    Bio-logging of marine migratory species in the law of the sea James Kraska a,b,n , Guillermo Ortuńo Crespo a , David W. Johnston a a Division of Marine Science and Conservation, Nicholas School of the Environment Duke University Marine Laboratory, 135 Duke Marine Lab Road, Beaufort, NC 28516, USA b Stockton

  18. On detecting oscillations of gamma rays into axion-like particles in turbulent and coherent magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel Meyer; Daniele Montanino; Jan Conrad

    2014-09-04

    Background radiation fields pervade the Universe, and above a certain energy any $\\gamma$-ray flux emitted by an extragalactic source should be attenuated due to $e^+e^-$ pair production. The opacity could be alleviated if photons oscillated into hypothetical axion-like particles (ALPs) in ambient magnetic fields, leading to a $\\gamma$-ray excess especially at high optical depths that could be detected with imaging air Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). Here, we introduce a method to search for such a signal in $\\gamma$-ray data and to estimate sensitivities for future observations. Different magnetic fields close to the $\\gamma$-ray source are taken into account in which photons can convert into ALPs that then propagate unimpeded over cosmological distances until they re-convert in the magnetic field of the Milky Way. Specifically, we consider the coherent field at parsec scales in a blazar jet as well as the turbulent field inside a galaxy cluster. For the latter, we explicitly derive the transversal components of a magnetic field with gaussian turbulence which are responsible for the photon-ALP mixing. To illustrate the method, we apply it to a mock IACT array with characteristics similar to the Cherenkov Telescope Array and investigate the dependence of the sensitivity to detect a $\\gamma$-ray excess on the magnetic-field parameters.

  19. The MagLab's ultra-wide-bore (105mm) 21.1T NMR/MRI magnet provides an opportunity to use low gamma, low

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    The MagLab's ultra-wide-bore (105mm) 21.1T NMR/MRI magnet provides an opportunity to use low gamma, low sensitive nuclei for MR imaging. The potential of nuclei such as chlorine remains largely and the capability of MRI at ultra high magnetic fields to observe glioma. The finding of an increased concentration

  20. A Generic and Efficient E-field Parallel Imaging Correlator for Next-Generation Radio Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thyagarajan, Nithyanandan; Bowman, Judd D; Morales, Miguel F

    2015-01-01

    Modern radio telescopes are favoring densely packed array layouts consisting of large numbers of antennas ($N_\\textrm{a}\\gtrsim 1000$). Since the complexity of traditional correlators scales as $\\mathcal{O}(N_\\textrm{a}^2)$, there will be a steep cost for realizing the full imaging potential of these powerful instruments. Through our generic and efficient E-field Parallel Imaging Correlator (EPIC), we present the first software demonstration of a generalized direct imaging algorithm known as the Modular Optimal Frequency Fourier (MOFF) imager. It takes advantage of the multiplication-convolution theorem of Fourier transforms. Not only does it bring down the cost for dense layouts to $\\mathcal{O}(N_\\textrm{a}\\log_2 N_\\textrm{a})$ but can also image from irregularly arranged heterogeneous antenna arrays. EPIC is highly modular and parallelizable, implemented in object oriented Python, and publicly available. We have verified the images produced to be equivalent to those produced using traditional techniques. We...