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Sample records for gambia ghana guinea

  1. An Overview of World Tropical Hardwood Resources, Forest Products Trade and Environmental Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea

  2. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Faso Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Mauritania

  3. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  4. Identification of three single nucleotide polymorphisms in Anopheles gambiae immune signaling genes that are associated with natural Plasmodium falciparum infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    gambiae complex in Mali, West Africa. Parassitologia 1998,vector, Anopheles gambiae, in Mali, west Africa. Geneticsin A. gambiae collected in Mali were associated with the

  5. Gambia-Support the Development of a National Climate Compatible...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name CDKN-Gambia-Support the Development of a National Climate Compatible Development Strategy AgencyCompany Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN),...

  6. Gambia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)Galveston Test JumpGambia:

  7. Living in Liminality: Chinese Migrancy in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Conal Guan-Yow

    2012-01-01

    Architecture: The Structure of Nationalism in Accra, Ghana. Africaarchitecture style. The National Museum, in These companies included: the United Africa

  8. Ghana Green Building Council public launch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghana Green Building Council public launch examples of green buildings in South Africa eric noir, WSP GBD 17 August 2011 #12;Ghana Green Building Council public launch | examples of green buildings in South Africa GREEN by DESIGN PLATINUM GOLD MAJORSPONSORS #12;Ghana Green Building Council public launch

  9. The Genome Sequence of the Malaria Mosquito Anopheles gambiae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzberg, Steven

    of malaria, filariasis, dengue, and yellow fever are at this time almost exclusively restrictedThe Genome Sequence of the Malaria Mosquito Anopheles gambiae Robert A. Holt,1 * G. Mani insights into the phys- iological adaptations of a hematophagous insect. The mosquito is both an elegant

  10. Population genetic structure of Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles gambiae in a malaria endemic region of southern Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng'habi, Kija R; Knols, Bart GJ; Lee, Yoosook; Ferguson, Heather M; Lanzaro, Gregory C

    2011-01-01

    situated along the river (Mali- nyi, Ukindu, Lupiro, andAnopheles gambiae complex in Mali, West Africa. ParassitolAnopheles gambiae s.s. in Mali, West Africa. Genetica 1994,

  11. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  12. Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

    2011-01-01

    Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

  13. Assessment of rainwater harvesting in Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, David Allen

    2009-01-01

    This study assesses the current state of rainwater harvesting in the Northern Region of Ghana and makes recommendations regarding if and how rainwater harvesting could be used to address Pure Home Water's goal of reaching ...

  14. Youth Employment in Ghana: Conditions and Determinants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Zachary; Berrios, Andrea; He, Yukuai; Larsen, Sean; Novoa, Miguel; Twumasi-Ankrah, Kwame; Vega, Camille

    2015-06-11

    Youth employment, and its limitations, is a pertinent problem that most developing nations face. “Youth Employment in Ghana: Conditions and Determinants” is a student-led research project that summarizes and analyzes the conditions of youth...

  15. Ghana: Western Ghana's Fisherfolk Starve Amid Algae Infestation BY JESSICA MCDIARMID, 18 APRIL 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Ghana: Western Ghana's Fisherfolk Starve Amid Algae Infestation BY JESSICA MCDIARMID, 18 APRIL 2012 not to continue fishing." Sargassum is the algae after which the Sargasso Sea - an elongated region in the middle down while tonnes of the algae were removed. In some areas people were warned not to swim due

  16. Contribution of Ghana’s development of polytechnics to national prosperity and challenges to their sustainability : focusing on staff turnover 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iddrisu, Sulemana

    2014-07-02

    This study examined the importance of polytechnics in Ghana’s development; its management and constraints-especially faculty turnover and how it impacts on sustainable polytechnic education. The sample comprised a total ...

  17. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01

    for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENASCote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal, which togetherGhana Million m 2 GWh Nigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008

  18. Asynchronous Remote Medical Consultation for Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luk, Rowena; Aoki, Paul M

    2008-01-01

    Computer-mediated communication systems can be used to bridge the gap between doctors in underserved regions with local shortages of medical expertise and medical specialists worldwide. To this end, we describe the design of a prototype remote consultation system intended to provide the social, institutional and infrastructural context for sustained, self-organizing growth of a globally-distributed Ghanaian medical community. The design is grounded in an iterative design process that included two rounds of extended design fieldwork throughout Ghana and draws on three key design principles (social networks as a framework on which to build incentives within a self-organizing network; optional and incremental integration with existing referral mechanisms; and a weakly-connected, distributed architecture that allows for a highly interactive, responsive system despite failures in connectivity). We discuss initial experiences from an ongoing trial deployment in southern Ghana.

  19. Feasibility evaluation of fired brick technology as a construction material and income-generating industry in Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bates, Caroline Nijole

    2014-01-01

    This work evaluates the potential to develop fired brick production in the Northern Region of Ghana. While several brick factories operate in southern Ghana, no factories are known to exist in northern Ghana, which remains ...

  20. A Quantitative Assessment of the Relationship Between the Malaria Vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and Environment in Mali

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calhoon, Lisa Marie

    2013-01-01

    Distribution 2. Study Site: Mali 3. Data 3.1. Mosquito DataCulicidae) in Banambani Village, Mali."  Journal of Medical Anopheles  gambiae complex in Mali and further indication 

  1. Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencikWorld Bank Climate ProjectsGhana:

  2. Household water treatment and safe storage product development in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shengkun, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Microbial and/or chemical contaminants can infiltrate into piped water systems, especially when the system is intermittent. Ghana has been suffering from aged and intermittent piped water networks, and an added barrier of ...

  3. Yaoundé-like virus in resident wild bird, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Richard A.J.; Vá zquez, Ana; Asamte, Ivy; Bonney, Kofi; Odoom, Shirley; Puplampu, Naiki; Ampofo, William; Sá nchez-Seco, Marí a Paz; Tenorio, Antonio; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2012-03-01

    Tissue and swab samples from 551 wild birds collected in Ghana (October-November 2007) were assayed for alphaviruses, flaviviruses, and influenza A viruses using polymerase chain (PCR) techniques. One pool sample tested positive for Flavivirus RNA...

  4. Public Funding of Political Parties in Ghana: an Outmoded Conception?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyampo, Ransford Edward Van

    2015-01-01

    Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA), Draft Public Funding ofParties Bill, 2008 (Accra: IEA-Ghana, 2008), 2. 4 Ibid. , 4.7 Ibid. , 3. UFAHAMU Ibid. , 6. IEA, Draft Public Funding of

  5. Nigeria and Ghana Immigration Web Chat 24th July 2012 Source User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Nigeria and Ghana Immigration Web Chat 24th July 2012 Source User Message Heather - International Hello and Welcome to the Nigeria and Ghana visa and pre-arrivals web chat Heather - International My

  6. Hemispheric ceramic pot filter evaluation and quality assurance program in Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Matthew Rhodes

    2012-01-01

    Pure Home Water (PHW) is a non-profit based in Ghana that seeks to bring safe drinking water to those most in need in Northern Ghana through the production, sale, and distribution of ceramic pot filters (CPF) and other ...

  7. Evaluation of the complementary use of the ceramic (Kosim) filter and Aquatabs in Northern Region, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanton, Andrew A

    2008-01-01

    The Kosim filter is a ceramic water filter that is currently used in Northern Ghana. Based on prior MIT research in Northern Ghana, this technology is effective at removing 92% of turbidity, 99.4% of total coliforms, and ...

  8. Ceramic filter manufacturing in Northern Ghana : water storage and quality control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleiman, Shanti Lisa

    2011-01-01

    In 2009, Pure Home Water (PHW), a Ghana based non-profit organization working to provide affordable and safe drinking water to people in the Northern Region of Ghana, began the construction of a ceramic pot filter (CPF) ...

  9. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea: Energy

  10. Mobile GIS for Cadastral Data Collection in Ghana Eric MENSAHOKANTEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Köbben, Barend

    Mobile GIS for Cadastral Data Collection in Ghana Eric MENSAH­OKANTEY Barend KÖBBEN 1 Introduction With the development of Web GIS and the emergence of Mobile GIS new possibilities of data capture and maintenance objective was to design a system of Mobile GIS suitable for building and revising a cadastral database. Up

  11. Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the...

  12. ICPSOP 2000 Accra, Ghana THE EVOLUTION OF THE U.S.A. OPEN ACCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    ICPSOP 2000 Accra, Ghana 1 THE EVOLUTION OF THE U.S.A. OPEN ACCESS TRANSMISSION REGIME by George toward the regionalization of the transmission system currently underway. © Copyright George Gross, 2000 #12;ICPSOP 2000 Accra, Ghana 2 1. INTRODUCTION The electric utility industry, the last major regulated

  13. Magnetic soil properties in Ghana Jan M.H. Hendrickx*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    Magnetic soil properties in Ghana Jan M.H. Hendrickx*a , J. Bruce J. Harrisona , Remke L. van Dama 87801, USA c Soil Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Kwadaso, Germany ABSTRACT In this paper we present the results of a study of some soil magnetic properties in Ghana

  14. Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014 The Earth Engineering & Waste Management (ISWM) of Ghana are pleased to announce that an interdisciplinary course and workshop course will focus on state of the art technologies for advancing sustainable waste management in Africa

  15. Report on the feasibility study for improving electric motor service centers in Ghana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, J.S.; Jallouk, P.A.; Staunton, R.H.

    1999-12-10

    On March 3 and 4, 1998, a visit was made to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) by two officials from Ghana: Mr. I.K. Mintah, Acting Executive Director, Technical Wing, Ministry of Mines and Energy (MOME) and Dr. A.K. Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Coordinator, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program, MOME. As a result of this visit, Dr. John S. Hsu of ORNL was invited by MOME to visit the Republic of Ghana in order to study the feasibility of improving electric motor service centers in Ghana.

  16. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21

    Liquefied Natural Gas Company FPSO Floating Production Storage and Offloading Vessel GMD Group Managing Director GOG Gulf of Guinea KRW Korean Won KW Kilowatts LNG Liquefied Natural Gas TAMU Texas A&M University MMIE Ministry of Mines, Industry... .............................................................. 103 6.7 Nontechnical Challenges .......................................................... 104 VII INSULATION PROJECT ON AGBAMI FPSO ................................. 106 7.1 Background on Envirocage...

  17. Developing effective chronic disease interventions in Africa: insights from Ghana and Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Boynton, Petra; Atanga, Lem L.

    2010-04-19

    - vant to secondary prevention. Sedentary lifestyles have been strongly implicated in Ghana's chronic disease burden [45]. However there is also an emerging keep-fit culture in urban and rural fit and football clubs are also common across the country...

  18. Optimizing flow rate and bacterial removal performance of ceramic pot filters in Tamale, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yiyue, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    Pure Home Water (PHW) is an organization that seeks to improve the drinking water quality for those who do not have access to clean water in Northern Ghana. This study focuses on the further optimization of ceramic pot ...

  19. A case for public sanitation with on-site treatment in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, LaKisha T. (LaKisha Tawanda)

    2014-01-01

    According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 14% of the population in Ghana use improved sanitation facilities and 59% use shared facilities. The objective of this thesis is to offer a situational analysis ...

  20. Water quality and business aspects of sachet-vended water in Tamale, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okioga, Teshamulwa (Teshamulwa Irene)

    2007-01-01

    Microbial water quality analyses were conducted on 15 samples of factory-produced sachet water and 15 samples of hand-tied sachet water, sold in Tamale, Ghana. The tests included the membrane filtration (MF) test using ...

  1. Modification of a biosand filter in the northern region of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kikkawa, Izumi

    2008-01-01

    Four local plastic design (LPD) BSFs were constructed in Northern Region, Ghana, to test and evaluate an experimental modification of the LPD BSF for treatment of highly turbid water. Modifications of the LPD BSFs were ...

  2. Chemical drinking water quality in Ghana: Water costs and scope for advanced treatment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossiter, Helfrid M.A.; Owusu, Peter A; Awuah, Esi; MacDonald, Alan M; Schäfer, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    To reduce child mortality and improve health in Ghana boreholes and wells are being installed across the country by the private sector, NGOs and the Ghanaian government. Water quality is not generally monitored once a ...

  3. Social and cultural context of rural water and sanitation projects: case studies from Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furber, Alison Mary

    2013-07-01

    The research underpinning this work took place in the context of two rural water and sanitation projects carried out in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The focus of study was on the way engineers can make water and sanitation ...

  4. Design of fuel efficient brick kiln for ceramic water filter firing in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adjorlolo, Eric (Eric James Kofi)

    2007-01-01

    Ceramic water filters are currently produced in Ghana in order to provide a household solution to contaminated water. These filters, locally branded with the name Kosim filter by originating from Potters for Peace-Nicaragua, ...

  5. Household Segmentation in Food Insecurity and Soil Improving Practices in Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nata, Jifar T

    2013-08-09

    There is a persistent problem of poor agricultural production which leads to household food insecurity problems for farmers in Ghana. Studies show that the adoption of improved agricultural practices and technology may help stabilize production...

  6. Monitoring and evaluation of a ceramic water filter and hand-washing intervention in Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Connie C

    2012-01-01

    Through a Rotary Club contract, PHW will sell Kosim filters and install Tippy-Tap hand-washing stations in 1250 households in Northern Ghana. This thesis presents the following project monitoring and evaluation components: ...

  7. Evaluation of household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) alternatives in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, TengKe

    2014-01-01

    Ghana's water quality and sanitation condition are very poor. Pure Home Water (PHW), a local non-profit organization has been successfully improving the supply of safe drinking water in the northern region by producing and ...

  8. Household water treatment and safe storage options for Northern Region Ghana : consumer preference and relative cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Vanessa (Vanessa Layton)

    2008-01-01

    A range of household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) products are available in Northern Region Ghana which have the potential to significantly improve local drinking water quality. However, to date, the region has ...

  9. Pilot study of horizontal roughing filtration in northern Ghana as pretreatment for highly turbid dugout water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Losleben, Tamar

    2008-01-01

    In Northern Region Ghana (NRG), highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams called dugouts. These dams serve as many communities' main source of drinking and domestic water despite ...

  10. STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF GHANA'S WOOD EXPORT SECTOR Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S., University of Science and Technology, Ghana 2002 May 2008 #12;ii DEDICATION This thesis is dedicated to me to complete my program successfully at LSU. This dedication especially goes to Dr. Mywish Maredia. #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS DEDICATION

  11. Radio astronomy in Africa: the case of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asabere, Bernard Duah; Horellou, Cathy; Winkler, Hartmut; Jarrett, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    South Africa has played a leading role in radio astronomy in Africa with the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO). It continues to make strides with the current seven-dish MeerKAT precursor array (KAT-7), leading to the 64-dish MeerKAT and the giant Square Kilometer Array (SKA), which will be used for transformational radio astronomy research. Ghana, an African partner to the SKA, has been mentored by South Africa over the past six years and will soon emerge in the field of radio astronomy. The country will soon have a science-quality 32m dish converted from a redundant satellite communication antenna. Initially, it will be fitted with 5 GHz and 6.7 GHz receivers to be followed later by a 1.4 - 1.7 GHz receiver. The telescope is being designed for use as a single dish observatory and for participation in the developing African Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (AVN) and the European VLBI Network. Ghana is earmarked to host a remote station during a possible SKA Phase 2. The loca...

  12. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  13. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  14. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe site) and Amazonia (24 ± 1.7 species), but was significantly lower in Europe (8 ± 0.8 species dominated in Europe, whereas New Guinea exhibited an intermediate pattern with both local and widespread

  15. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID Climate

  16. Biophysical Analysis of Anopheles gambiae Leucine-Rich Repeat Proteins APL1A1, APL1B and APL1C and Their Interaction with LRIM1

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Williams, Marni; Summers, Brady J.; Baxter, Richard H. G.; Kobe, Bostjan

    2015-03-16

    Natural infection of Anopheles gambiae by malaria-causing Plasmodium parasites is significantly influenced by the APL1 genetic locus. The locus contains three closely related leucine-rich repeat (LRR) genes, APL1A, APL1B and APL1C. Multiple studies have reported the participation of APL1A—C in the immune response of A. gambiae to invasion by both rodent and human Plasmodium isolates. APL1C forms a heterodimer with the related LRR protein LRIM1 via a C-terminal coiled-coil domain that is also present in APL1A and APL1B. The LRIM1/APL1C heterodimer protects A. gambiae from infection by binding the complement-like protein TEP1 to form a stable and active immune complex.more »We report solution x-ray scatting data for the LRIM1/APL1C heterodimer, the oligomeric state of LRIM1/APL1 LRR domains in solution and the crystal structure of the APL1B LRR domain. The LRIM1/APL1C heterodimeric complex has a flexible and extended structure in solution. In contrast to the APL1A, APL1C and LRIM1 LRR domains, the APL1B LRR domain is a homodimer. The crystal structure of APL1B-LRR shows that the homodimer is formed by an N-terminal helix that complements for the absence of an N-terminal capping motif in APL1B, which is a unique distinction within the LRIM1/APL1 protein family. Full-length APL1A1 and APL1B form a stable complex with LRIM1. Our results support a model in which APL1A1, APL1B and APL1C can all form an extended, flexible heterodimer with LRIM1, providing a repertoire of functional innate immune complexes to protect A. gambiae from a diverse array of pathogens.« less

  17. L'IRD au BENIN, GHANA, NIGERIA et TOGO Rapport d'activit 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapport d'activité 2010 BENIN #12;L'IRD au BENIN, GHANA, NIGERIA et TOGO Rapport d'activité 2010 I'IRD AU NIGERIA p. 59 IV- L'IRD AU TOGO p. 61 Annexe 1 Publications Annexe 2 Organigramme Annexe 3 Budget

  18. Multiple scales of diamond mining in Akwatia, Ghana: addressing environmental and human development impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    impact on environmental degradation, health, and the livelihood of artisanal miners. We concludeMultiple scales of diamond mining in Akwatia, Ghana: addressing environmental and human development impact Kaakpema Yelpaalaa,b , Saleem H. Alic,d, * a Yale University, School of Epidemiology and Public

  19. Physico-chemical water quality in Ghana: Prospects for water supply technology implementation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schäfer, Andrea; Rossiter, H.M.A.; Owusu, P.A.; Richards, B.S.; Awuah, E.

    2009-01-01

    During an extensive sampling trial in Ghana, a number of physico-chemical water quality problems have been identified. For example, pH values of the collected samples ranged from 3.69 to 8.88, while conductivity ranged from 10 to 45,000 m...

  20. Influences of Government Interventions on Increasing Value-Added Wood Product Exports from Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influences of Government Interventions on Increasing Value-Added Wood Product Exports from Ghana exporting raw materials such lumber to exporting processed or value-added wood products. In the mid-1990s on increasing value-added exports. These actions are: 1) the imposition of a levy on air-dried lumber exports, 2

  1. Optimizing performance of ceramic pot filters in Northern Ghana and modeling flow through paraboloid-shaped filters/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Travis Reed

    2010-01-01

    This work aimed to inform the design of ceramic pot filters to be manufactured by the organization Pure Home Water (PHW) in Northern Ghana, and to model the flow through an innovative paraboloid-shaped ceramic pot filter. ...

  2. Health and water quality monitoring of Pure Home Water's ceramic filter dissemination in the northern region of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Sophie M. (Sophie Marie)

    2007-01-01

    Pure Home Water (PHW) is a social enterprise that promotes and disseminates household drinking water technologies in the Northern Region of Ghana. Currently their main product is a pot-shaped Potters for Peace-type ceramic ...

  3. Investigation of I-WASH's community-led total sanitation and alternative decentralized sanitation models in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Questad, Adam (Adam David)

    2012-01-01

    2.5 billion people worldwide do not have access to improved sanitation and Sub-Saharan Africa is not on track to meet the MDG sanitation target. As of 2010, Ghana has achieved 14% national improved sanitation coverage and ...

  4. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  5. A Pilot Study of Uterine Artery Embolization with Tris-Acryl Gelatin Microspheres in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang Wenquan; Tan Guosheng; Guo Wenbo, E-mail: patrickguo2008@163.com [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Interventional Radiology (China); Yang Jianyong [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Radiology (China)

    2012-06-15

    Objective: This study was designed to establish guinea pigs as an animal model for uterine artery embolization (UAE) with tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM). Methods: Twenty-five female adult guinea pigs were randomly divided into two groups, including a uterine artery casting mould group (n = 10) and a UAE group (n = 15). Pelvic angiography and vascular casting mould were performed in the first group. The anatomical characters of the pelvic cavity in guinea pigs were described. In the second group, the technical feasibility of performing UAE with TAGM in guinea pigs was investigated. The histopathological slides of the uterus of guinea pigs after UAE were examined to inspect the outcomes of UAE. Results: The uterine artery springs from the internal iliac artery, ascends tortuously along the cervix, and gives off vertically 8-10 branches to the cervix uteri and uterine horns. The diameters of the trunk of the uterine artery and its first branch were 0.32 {+-} 0.027 mm and 0.14 {+-} 0.01 mm, respectively. For UAE animals, the dosages of 40-120 and 100-300 {mu}m TAGM were 0.033 {+-} 0.003 ml and 0.015 {+-} 0.002 ml, respectively. On histopathological slides, embosphere particles were found in the first branches of the uterine artery, the subserous arteries, and the intramural arteries. Inflammatory reactions in the uterus were common in guinea pigs after UAE. Local or dispersed areas of necrosis in uterus also were observed in a few guinea pigs. Conclusions: Guinea pigs are an appropriate and feasible model for UAE with TAGM.

  6. Ministers Meet in Addis Ababa for U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  7. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  8. Ghana's regional development in economics, education and natural resources, with a case study on customers' preferences for household water treatment & safe storage products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weini

    2012-01-01

    Ghana is one of the few countries that was re-classified from low-income country to low-middle income country in 2011 by the World Bank (World Bank, 2011a). At the same time, Ghana is still in the process of achieving the ...

  9. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  10. Protein A suppresses immune responses during Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection in guinea pigs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, Hwan Keun; Falugi, Fabiana; Thomer, Lena; Missiakas, Dominique M.; Schneewind, Olaf

    2015-01-06

    Staphylococcus aureus infection is not associated with the development of protective immunity, and disease relapses occur frequently. We hypothesize that protein A, a factor that binds immunoglobulin Fc? and cross-links VH3 clan B cell receptors (IgM), is the staphylococcal determinant for host immune suppression. To test this, vertebrate IgM was examined for protein A cross-linking. High VH3 binding activity occurred with human and guinea immunoglobulin, whereas mouse and rabbit immunoglobulins displayed little and no binding, respectively. Establishing a guinea pig model of S. aureus bloodstream infection, we show that protein A functions as a virulence determinant and suppresses host Bmore »cell responses. Immunization with SpAKKAA, which cannot bind immunoglobulin, elicits neutralizing antibodies that enable guinea pigs to develop protective immunity.« less

  11. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  12. The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea Vojtech Novotny1, Department of Biology, Brafova 7, 701 03 Ostrava, Czech Republic The size distribution of the language analogous to the resource division models of species abun- dance distribution in ecological communities

  13. Biomass resource potential for selected crops in Hawaii. [Koa haole (giant leucaena); napier and guinea grass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.

    1982-06-01

    The biomass crops selected for review were koa haole (giant leucaena), napier and guinea grass, and eucalyptus (saligna, grandis, and globulus). The islands examined were Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, and Molokai. The potential land acreage for growing these crops was estimated grossly. As anticipated, the island of Hawaii had the largest land potential with eucalyptus having the greatest potential land acreage.

  14. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

  15. Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami PATRICK J (PNG) tsunami of 1998 is re-examined through a detailed review of the field survey as well as numerous of frequency dispersion on the landslide-generated tsunami. The numerical comparisons indicate that the NLSW

  16. Designing and building a peanut-shelling machine to help people in third world countries such as Ghana/Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohd Ramli, Rafiq H. (Rafiq Hidayat), 1980-

    2004-01-01

    A peanut shelling machine was designed and built to help improve the standard of living of people in third world countries such as Ghana and Haiti. Two prototypes were built to test the concept of using a wheel as a peanut ...

  17. Chale, How Much it Cost to Browse? Results from a Mobile Data Price Transparency Trial in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoki, Paul M.

    13 Chale, How Much it Cost to Browse? Results from a Mobile Data Price Transparency Trial in Ghana-Saharan Africa (SSA) showed that mobile phone spending was 10-26% of individual income in the lower-75% income]. This rise cuts across a range of socioeconomic groups because it often enables cost savings (e.g., over

  18. Collection and representation of GIS data to aid household water treatment and safe storage technology implementation in the northern region of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VanCalcar, Jenny E. (Jenny Elizabeth)

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, a start-up social business called Pure Home Water (PHW) was begun in Ghana to promote and sell household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) technologies. The original aim of the company was to offer a variety ...

  19. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  20. Assessing the direct effects of the ebola outbreak on life expectancy in liberia, sierra leone and Guinea.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helleringer, S; Noymer, A

    2015-01-01

    and health system demand in liberia. PLoS Biol. 2015 Jan;13(Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.Ebola in Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.

  1. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  2. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  3. 730 | 146 | 20% 102 | 16 | 16%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    % Guinea 1 | 0 | 0% Senegal 2 | 1 | 50% Sierra Leone 2 | 0 | 0% Liberia 3 | 0 | 0% Ivory Coast 4|0|0% Ghana

  4. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  5. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  6. Diapiric exhumation of Earth's youngest (UHP) eclogites in the gneiss domes of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea T.A. Little a, , B.R. Hacker b , S.M. Gordon b,c , S.L. Baldwin d , P, is a remarkable modern discovery (Andersen et al., 1991; Ernst, 2001; Hacker, 2007). Understanding how rocks from

  7. DECIPHERING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE MONTANE NEW GUINEA AVIFAUNA: COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND INSIGHTS FROM PALEODISTRIBUTIONAL MODELING IN A DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, Brett W.

    2011-12-31

    at various sites across the highlands of Papua New Guinea, and I look forward to further collaboration in the future. I thank Tim Laman for providing the opportunity to work in West Papua, Indonesia, in 2008, as well as helping to collect behavioral data... obscure for most taxonomic groups. Owing to its relatively complete alpha taxonomy, New Guinea’s avifauna has played a prominent role in the development of biogeographic hypotheses and speciation theory throughout the Papuan sub-region (Mayr, 1953; Schodde...

  8. WEST AFRICAN DRUMMING, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, LANGUAGE, MULTICULTURALISM AND AT-RISK STUDENTS IN THE MUSIC CLASSROOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassett, Dylan A.

    2010-06-09

    Background……………………………………………………………………. 4 Literature Review…………………………………………………………….. 5 Chapter II: Traditional Music in Traditional and Modern West Africa: Drumming Styles of the Wolof in Senegal; Ga, Ewe, and Akan of Ghana; and Mande of Guinea... ……………………………………………….9 Commonalities in Various West African Drumming Styles…………. 9 Senegal: Traditional Drumming Styles……………………………… … 12 Ghana: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… ..18 Guinea: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… . 23 Traditional Music...

  9. Faculty perceptions about attributes and barriers impacting the adoption and diffusion of Web-Based Educational Technologies (WBETs) at the University of Cape Coast and the University of Ghana, Legon 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakah, Jemima Abena

    2006-10-30

    The purpose of this study was to determine faculty perceptions about factors impacting the adoption and diffusion of Web-Based Educational Technologies (WBETs) at the University of Cape Coast and the University of Ghana, ...

  10. Adoption of No-till Agriculture: The Role of Information, Technology Perception, and Farmer Characteristics in the Ashanti Region of Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dykstra, Alise

    2015-08-04

    and hardening during dry periods, low water holding capacity, and a high degree of chemical degradation. Soil leaching is also common in areas with heavy rainfall (Steiner 1998) while the savannah zones are most susceptible to desertification (Boahen et al..., and increased population have caused desertification, especially in the northern regions of Ghana. Conventional agricultural systems increase and intensify the threat of Saharan conditions. This led to the Ghanaian Government calling for a search...

  11. Estimation of neutrophil infiltration into hairless guinea pig skin treated with 2,2' -dichlorodiethyl sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Schulz, S.M.; Romano, J.M.

    1993-05-13

    Despite growing acceptance of the hairless guinea pig (HPG) for evaluating sulfur mustard (2,2'dichlorodiethylsulfide, HD) skin injury, there are presently few antivesicant drug assessment endpoints validated in vivo for this model. We measured the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) to characterize the dose- and time-dependence of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration during development of the HD lesion. Biopsies were obtained from the dorsal thoracic-lumbar area of HGPs at successive 3 hr time intervals for up to 24 hrs following controlled exposure to either 5, 7, 8 or 10 min HD vapor. The presence of PMNs, as judged by MPO levels, peaked at 9 hrs irrespective of total HD vapor dose. The maximum response was a 20-fold increase compared to unexposed control sites at 9 hrs following 10 min HD vapor. This time period coincides with epidermal detachment characterized previously by electron microscopy in the HGP. By 24 hrs post-exposure, the MPO levels subsided markedly (2-fold compared to controls). These results suggest that PMNs participate in the HGP cutaneous inflammatory response following exposure to HD and that MPO may be a useful biological marker for evaluating putative antivesicants.

  12. Acute and chronic respiratory lesions induced by sulfur mustard in guinea pigs: Role of tachykinins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calvet, J.H.; Trouiller, G.; Harf, A.

    1993-05-13

    We investigated in anesthetized guinea pigs the involvement of tachykinins in respiratory alterations after an airway intoxication by sulfur mustard (SM). Early lesions were evaluated after 5h. Respiratory system resistance (R) and compliance were measured by the occlusion method and airway microvascular permeability by measuring the Evans Blue dye concentration in the trachea and main bronchi. Two groups of animals were studied treated with capsaicin (which induces a tachykinin depletion) or by its vehicle. Capsaicin pretreatment had no effect on the measured parameters. We also measured 14 J after the intoxication tracheal epithelium neutral endopeptidase (NEP) (the main enzyme which degrades tachykinins). In addition bronchial responsiveness to exogenous substance P was studied in two groups of animals intoxicated with SM or not. Tracheal epithelium NEP activity was decreased from 0.448 + or 0.027 nmol.min- 1.mg protein- 1 in controls to 0. 182 + or 0.038 in intoxicated animals. Response to substance P was greater in intoxicated animals with R=2.98 + or - 1.57 cmH20.MI-1.s versus 0.35 + or 0.02 in controls, after 5.10-5 M aerosolized substance P These results suggest tachykinins are not preponderant in the early stage lesions but that bronchial hyperactivity is present at recovery, related to epithelium NEP depletion.

  13. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  14. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. . E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y.

    2005-01-01

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  15. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M.

    2014-01-15

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  16. Inhalation exposure to sulfur mustard in the guinea pig model: Clinical, biochemical and histopathological characterization of respiratory injuries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allon, Nahum, E-mail: nahuma@iibr.gov.i [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel); Amir, Adina; Manisterski, Eliau; Rabinovitz, Ishay; Dachir, Shlomit; Kadar, Tamar [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel)

    2009-12-01

    Guinea pigs (GP) were exposed (head only) in individual plethysmographs to various concentrations of sulfur mustard vapor, determined online, using FTIR attached to flow chamber. The LCt{sub 50} and the inhaled LD{sub 50} were calculated at different time points post exposure. Surviving animals were monitored for clinical symptoms, respiratory parameters and body weight changes for up to 30 days. Clinical symptoms were noted at 3 h post exposure, characterized by erythematic and swelling nose with extensive mucous secretion (with or without bleeding). At 6 h post exposure most of the guinea pigs had breathing difficulties, rhonchi and dyspnea and few deaths were noted. These symptoms peaked at 48 h and were noted up to 8 days, associated with few additional deaths. Thereafter, a spontaneous healing was noted, characterized by recovery of respiratory parameters and normal weight gain with almost complete apparent healing within 2 weeks. Histopathological evaluation of lungs and trachea in the surviving GPs at 4 weeks post exposure revealed a dose-dependent residual injury in both lung and trachea expressed by abnormal recovery of the tracheal epithelium concomitant with a dose-dependent increase in cellular volume in the lungs. These abnormal epithelial regeneration and lung remodeling were accompanied with significant changes in protein, LDH, differential cell count and glutathione levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). It is suggested that the abnormal epithelial growth and cellular infiltration into the lung as well as the continuous lung inflammation could cause recurrent lung injury similar to that reported for HD exposed human casualties.

  17. West Africa -A Safe Haven for Frogs? A Sub-Continental Assessment of the Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the River - A Transboundary Peace Park for Sierra Leone and Liberia, Kenema, Sierra Leone, 10 Forestry'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone - and were collected from a variety of habitats, ranging from

  18. High-dose supplementation with natural ?-tocopherol does neither alter the pharmacodynamics of atorvastatin nor its phase I metabolism in guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podszun, Maren C.; Grebenstein, Nadine [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Hofmann, Ute [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany); Frank, Jan, E-mail: jan.frank@nutrition-research.de [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany) [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Bonn, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)

    2013-02-01

    It has been hypothesized in the literature that intake of high-dosage vitamin E supplements might alter the expression of cytochrome P{sub 450} enzymes (CYP), particularly CYP3A4, which may lead to adverse nutrient–drug interactions. Because previously published studies reported conflicting findings, we investigated the pharmacodynamics of the lipid-lowering drug atorvastatin (ATV), a CYP3A4 substrate, in response to high-dose ?-tocopherol (?T) feeding and determined protein expression and activities of relevant CYP. Groups of ten female Dunkin–Hartley guinea pigs were fed a control (5% fat) or a high-fat control diet (HFC; 21% fat, 0.15% cholesterol) or the HFC diet fortified with ?T (250 mg/kg diet), ATV (300 mg/kg diet) or both ATV + ?T for 6 weeks. Relative to control, HFC animals had increased serum cholesterol concentrations, which were significantly reduced by ATV. High-dose ?T feeding in combination with ATV (ATV + ?T), albeit not ?T feeding alone (?T), significantly lowered serum cholesterol relative to HFC, but did not alter the cholesterol-lowering activity of the drug compared to the ATV treated guinea pigs. Protein expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A1 and OATP C was similar in all groups. Accordingly, no differences in plasma concentrations of phase I metabolites of ATV were observed between the ATV and ATV + ?T groups. In conclusion, feeding guinea pigs high-doses of ?T for 6 weeks did neither alter the hepatic expression of CYP, nor the pharmacodynamics and metabolism of ATV. High-dose ?T intake is thus unlikely to change the efficacy of drugs metabolized by CYP enzymes, particularly by CYP3A4. -- Highlights: ? Vitamin E-atorvastatin interactions were studied in hypercholesterolemic guinea pigs. ? High-dose ?-tocopherol did not alter the lipid-lowering efficacy of atorvastatin. ? ?-Tocopherol did not change the expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A or OATP C. ? ?-Tocopherol did not affect phase I metabolism of atorvastatin. ? Vitamin E does not change atorvastatin pharmacodynamics or toxicity in guinea pigs.

  19. Reduction of erythema in hairless guinea pigs after cutaneous sulfur mustard vapor exposure by pretreatment with niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yourick, J.J.; Dawson, J.S.; Mitcheltree, L.W.

    1995-12-31

    Erythema is the initial symptom that occurs after sulfur mustard (HD) cutaneous exposure. The time course of HD-induced erythema is similar to that observed after UV irradiation, which can be reduced by indomethacin. Sulfur mustard lethality is decreased by using promethazine, which is an antihistamine. Niacinamide can reduce microvesication after HD vapor exposure in hairless guinea pig (HGP) skin. The present study examines the effect of the combined administration of niacinamide, indomethacin and promethazine used alone or in all possible combinations on the degree of erythema and histopathologic skin damage after HD exposure in HGP. Niacinamide (750 mg kg%`, i.p.), promethazine (12.5 mg kg%1, i.m.) or indomethacin (4 mg kg%1, p.o.) used singly or in combination was given as a 30-min pretreatment before an 8-min HD vapor cup skin exposure. Using a combination pretreatment of niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin, erythema was reduced at 4 (91%) and 6 (55%) h, but not 24 h after HD. The incidence of histopathological skin changes (microvesicles, follicular involvement, epidermal necrosis, intracellular edema and pustular epidermatitis) 24 h after HD was not reduced. This study indicates that HD (induced erythema) may result from several different mechanisms, including inflammation, histamine release and DNA damage. It is suggested that two phases of inflammation may occur: an early phase sensitive to antihistamines and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs and a late phase of extensive cell damage that was not sensitive to these drug pretreatments.

  20. Cutaneous uptake of 14C-HD vapor by the hairless guinea pig. Technical report, December 1992-June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logan, T.P.; Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Shutz, M.B.; Schultz, S.M.

    1996-10-01

    The hairless guinea pig (HGP) is used by our laboratory to model the human cutaneous response to sulfur mustard (HD) exposure. We have determined the HD content in the skin of HOP after 7-minute exposures to vapors saturated with a mixture of HD and 14C-HD. Concentration/time (C1) values in the range of 2 mg/sq cm/min were determined by counting skin 14C disintegrations per minute (dpm) in animals euthanized immediately after exposure. These values are similar to human penetration rates obtained by other investigators. A direct relationship between C1 and relative humidity was demonstrated in 5 of 6 studies. A rate curve monitoring the reduction in skin 14C dpm was developed for animals euthanized between 0 and 24 hours post exposure. This curve showed the greatest change after 1 hour. Epidermal and dermal distribution of 14C at 24 hours was measured for two animals. Site preference for HD penetration, multiple use of a vapor cap containing HD, and 14C content of adhesive tape were also investigated with radiolabeled HD to evaluate other aspects of the experimental model. These results contribute to a better understanding of the cutaneous response to HD in the HGP model.

  1. Effect of c-myc on the ultrastructural structure of cochleae in guinea pigs with noise induced hearing loss

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Yu; Zhong, Cuiping [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Hong, Liu [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Wang, Ye; Qiao, Li [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Qiu, Jianhua, E-mail: qiujh@fmmu.edu.cn [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)

    2009-12-18

    Noise over-stimulation may induce hair cells loss and hearing deficit. The c-myc oncogene is a major regulator for cell proliferation, growth, and apoptosis. However, the role of this gene in the mammalian cochlea is still unclear. The study was designed to firstly investigate its function under noise condition, from the aspect of cochlear ultrastructural changes. We had established the adenoviral vector of c-myc gene and delivered the adenovirus suspension into the scala tympani of guinea pigs 4 days before noise exposure. The empty adenoviral vectors were injected as control. Then, all subjects were exposed to 4-kHz octave-band noise at 110 dB SPL for 8 h/day, 3 days consecutively. Auditory thresholds were assessed by auditory brainstem response, prior to and 7 days following noise exposure. On the seventh days after noise exposure, the cochlear sensory epithelia surface was observed microscopically and the cochleae were taken to study the ultrastructural changes. The results indicated that auditory threshold shift after noise exposure was higher in the ears treated with Ad.EGFP than that treated with Ad.c-myc-EGFP. Stereocilia loss and the disarrangement of outer hair cells were observed, with greater changes found in the Ad.EGFP group. Also, the ultrastructure changes were severe in the Ad.EGFP group, but not obvious in the Ad.c-myc-EGFP group. Therefore, c-myc gene might play an unexpected role in hearing functional and morphological protection from acoustic trauma.

  2. TIMBER INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT DIVISION REPORT ON EXPORT OF WOOD PRODUCTS, MAY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghana. The ECOWAS market (mainly Nigeria, Senegal, Niger, Gambia, Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso and Togo,115 14,315,949 310 Niger 17,555 1,944,223 111 Niger 10,581 1,290,526 122 Mali 817 105,438 129 Mali 607

  3. Gambia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlexStock CoGTO HomeGaiatechGalveston,GambettiJump

  4. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  5. Living in Liminality: Chinese Migrancy in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Conal Guan-Yow

    2012-01-01

    to early fifties, from Dalian, China. Married. Husband andcontainer to arrive from Dalian, China. Once the containercareers. One was a woman from Dalian, a major port city in

  6. Siphon filter assessment for Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziff, Sara Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    The siphon filter is a household water filter developed by the Basic Water Needs Foundation based on the design of ceramic candle filters. The siphon filter is marketed under brand names CrystalPur and Tulip and is sold ...

  7. Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencikWorld Bank Climate Projects

  8. Accra, Ghana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)dataSuccessful Smart Grid PilotsAccommodation ZoneAccra,

  9. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  10. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by building new gas-fired power stations and investing in the construction of new dams.Work is ongoing on the Djibloho hydroelectric plant project on the Wele River near...

  11. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Total installed electricity capacity (2008): 331 MWThermal: 62.8%Hydro: 37.2%Total primary energy supply (2008): 4,275 ktoeBiomass: 89%Hydrocarbon Fuels: 10 %Hydroelectric:...

  12. The Gambia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressionalNIESLookElLtd

  13. Plasmodium sexual development and the role of Plasmepsin X in Plasmodium falciparum transmission to anopheles gambiae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bounkeua, Viengngeun

    2010-01-01

    Parasitol. 86:155-62. van Dijk, M.R. , Waters, A.P. , Janse,A.P. , Thomas, A.W. , van Dijk, M.R. , Janse, C.J. (1997).Immun. 69:4048-54. van Dijk, M.R. , Janse, C.J. , Thompson,

  14. Molecular Evolution of Four Salivary Proteins within Species of the Anopheles gambiae Complex 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Maryam I

    2013-02-05

    .3.1. http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/figtree/. Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh. Rozen, Steve, Skaletsky, Helen. (2000). Primer3 on the WWW for general users and for biologist programmers. In: Krawetz S, Misener S (eds... running low and graduate students Luciano Cosme and Kevin Deitz came to the rescue when we needed help running different data analysis software. We thank the entire lab group for pitching in their comments and suggestions when it came to editing...

  15. Differential Plasmodium falciparum infection of Anopheles gambiae s.s. molecular and chromosomal forms in Mali

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    and chromosomal forms in Mali Rebecca T Trout Fryxell 1* ,chromo- somal forms in Mali. Natural P. falciparum infectionforms in two villages in Mali where Page 2 of 9 these forms

  16. Plasmodium sexual development and the role of Plasmepsin X in Plasmodium falciparum transmission to anopheles gambiae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bounkeua, Viengngeun

    2010-01-01

    A. , Bushell, E.S. , Tewari, R. , Sinden, R.E. (2008).O. , Dechamps, S. , Tewari, R. , Wenig, G. , Franke-Fayard,Ecker, A. , Mendoza, J. , Tewari, R. , Stanway, R.R. ,

  17. Gambia-Support the Development of a National Climate Compatible Development

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)Galveston Test Jump

  18. Prefabricated housing, a solution for Ghana's housing shortage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Essienyi, Evans K. (Evans Kofi)

    2011-01-01

    Sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing phenomenal population growth since the beginning of the 20th Century, following several centuries of population stagnation attributable to the slave trade and colonization. The ...

  19. Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Methodology · Trade and Industry Directory 254 forest products manufacturers 133 had fax addresses · Conducted be successfully reached by fax · 19 responded to questionnaire = 30.2% #12;Firm Size Based on Number of Employees (n = 19 respondents) Less than 50 employees 51-100 employees 101-250 employees 251-500 employees

  20. Evaluation of innovative decentralized sanitation technologies in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knutson, Jason R. (Jason Richard)

    2014-01-01

    It is estimated that 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation, and 90% of wastewater in developing countries is discharged into the environment without any treatment. However, the construction of sewerage ...

  1. Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development (IFAD). The purpose was to identify constraints to agricultural growth and poverty reduction that might be eased through better policy, both domestically and...

  2. Public Funding of Political Parties in Ghana: an Outmoded Conception?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyampo, Ransford Edward Van

    2015-01-01

    Africa, Lesotho, Botswana, Mali, and Zimbabwe, politicalcountries like Lesotho, Mali, Zimbabwe, South Africa andakin to what occurred in Mali if the proposal of public

  3. Community and household determinants of water quality in coastal Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David C.

    Buszin, Holly Reed, David C. Smith, Zarah Rahman, Catherine Andrzejewski, Kofi Awusabo-Asare and Michael University, Box G-S121, 121 South Main Street, Room 220, Providence, RI 02912, USA Tel.: 401-863-1354 Fax: 401-863-1373 E-mail: Stephen_McGarvey@brown.edu Justin Buszin Holly Reed Zarah Rahman Catherine

  4. Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysir Europe Jump

  5. Ghana-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysir Europe

  6. Ghana-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysir EuropePFAN) |

  7. Ghana-GTZ Sustainable Economic Development | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysirSustainable

  8. Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik

  9. Ghana-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencikWorld Bank Climate Projects Jump

  10. Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi Corp

  11. Microsoft Word - ghana-document_de-dh.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi CorpKenyaTHEcountry

  12. Ghana-DLR Resource Assessments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCO s

  13. Ghana-Ecobank DCA Guarantee | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCO sEcobank DCA

  14. Ghana-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCO sEcobank DCAOpen

  15. Ghana-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCO sEcobank

  16. Ghana-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCO sEcobankREEEP

  17. Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt

  18. Ghana-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwattUNDP Climate Activities

  19. Ghana-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwattUNDP Climate

  20. Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimenMaking EnergyIndosolar Ltd JumpEnergyInitiatives Related

  1. Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak AreaForest Investment Program

  2. Ghana-NREL Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak AreaForest Investment

  3. Ghana-REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak AreaForestREDD Readiness

  4. United States Announces New Bilateral Partnership with Ghana | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department of Energy OfficeResources Programof Energy

  5. A restoration plan for the Fly River, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Kathleen

    2003-01-01

    Design and Evaluation of tailings dams. EPA530-R-94- 038.Kehdingen, 2001). Figure 7. Tailings dam construction overand multiple hillside tailings dam configurations (EPA

  6. An inhalation model of acute Q fever in guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell-Lodrigue, Kasi Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    similar pathologic responses. Heterologous protection was confirmed by cross vaccination and challenge with RSA493 and Q217. A marked non-specific suppression of lymphoproliferation was noted at 14 and 28 days post infection with RSA493; similar...

  7. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | Open

  8. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east districtCo

  9. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves5-2015 Liquefied Natural

  10. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Low

  11. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy

  12. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSales (Million2007-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas

  13. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,Guinea Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  14. Population genetic structure of Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles gambiae in a malaria endemic region of southern Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng'habi, Kija R; Knols, Bart GJ; Lee, Yoosook; Ferguson, Heather M; Lanzaro, Gregory C

    2011-01-01

    from seven locations in Tanzania: six from the Kilomberothe Kilombero valley (Tanzania), showing mosquito collectionKilombero Valley, southern Tanzania. Both species occur in

  15. A preliminary investigation of the relationship between water quality and Anopheles gambiae larval habitats in western Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    pyrethroids in the cities of Douala and Yaounde (Cameroon).urbanized areas of Yaoundé and Douala [36]. In the southern

  16. In vitro Study of Herves Transposable Element of Anopheles gambiae and Use of RNA Interference (RNAi) in Culex quinquefasciatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahlon, Amandeep Singh

    2010-01-01

    mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever,mosquitoes transmit pathogens that cause human and livestock diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever,

  17. A comprehensive gene expression atlas of sex- and tissue-specificity in the malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Dean A; Nolan, Tony; Fischer, Bettina; Pinder, Alex; Crisanti, Andrea; Russell, Steven R

    2011-06-07

    ) The number of overlapping orthologous genes between Anopheles and Drosophila expression clusters calculated with a hypergeometric probability distribution after multiple correction. Light grey (P emitted by humans, a behaviour mediated by receptors in the antennal sensilla [7]. This activity is not exhibited by males, who feed entirely on nectar, and we presume that the female elevated expression...

  18. A preliminary investigation of the relationship between water quality and Anopheles gambiae larval habitats in western Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    and a single site in Mali Site Lat. Long. Collection date11 Limbé 4-Sept-11 Selinkenyi, Mali 29-Sept-11 with agaroseone site in Selinkenyi, Mali. Results: Principal components

  19. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  20. 1/9/07 CAP5510/CGS5166 1 CAP 5510: Introduction to Bioinformatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasimhan, Giri

    : Drosophila melanogaster, Anopheles gambiae, Macaca mulatta, Bos taurus, Felis catus Swiss-Prot Release 51

  1. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia

  2. The More Things Stay the Same the More They Change : : Measuring Changing Levels of Human Rights Using Computational Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fariss, Christopher J.

    ANGOLA EQUATORIAL GUINEA COMOROS BHUTAN ZIMBABWE MALDIVESINDONESIA FIJI SAMOA PAKISTAN COMOROS PAPUA NEW GUINEA OMAN

  3. The Bui Dam impact on Ghana-China relations : transparency, accountability and development outcomes from China's Sino Hydro Dam Project in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habia, James K

    2009-01-01

    The current Afro-Chinese relations on development projects in Sub Saharan Africa has come under a lot of scrutiny, with some experts in the South-to-South relationship discourse claiming the above short-gun-marriage will ...

  4. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau » Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  5. University of Georgia Study Abroad Program Application Summer in Ghana Maymester 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    No GPA GPA in major Major(s) Minor(s) Academic Level 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year Master's Ph

  6. Understanding the Zongo : processes of socio-spatial marginalization in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Emily Anne

    2014-01-01

    The spatial processes of marginalization and ghettoization have been described, labeled, and theorized extensively in the United States and Europe, yet there has been little research dedicated to these processes in the ...

  7. Monitoring effective use of household water treatment and safe storage technologies in Ethiopia and Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Matthew M

    2009-01-01

    Household water treatment and storage (HWTS) technologies dissemination is beginning to scale-up to reach the almost 900 million people without access to an improved water supply (WHO/UNICEF/JMP, 2008). Without well-informed ...

  8. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01

    IEA Online Energy Database. Letschert, V. , McNeil, M.A. ,En.lighten, 2012. Country lighting assessments. IEA, 2012.Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit

  9. Science Journalism in Ghana: A Study of Journalists Who Cover Science 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appiah, Bernard

    2012-02-14

    Science journalism has been studied from the perspectives of science journalists in the West. However, studies of science journalism from the perspectives of general reporters in developing or developed countries are scarce. This study was a survey...

  10. Potential of wind-powered renewable energy membrane systems for Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, G.L.; Schäfer, Andrea; Richard, B.S.

    2009-01-01

    Areas of the world that lack fresh water often have an ample supply of wind or solar energy, making renewable energy an attractive option as a power source for desalination systems. Particularly, wind energy is attractive ...

  11. Water quality analysis of the piped water supply in Tamale, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Allison Jean

    2014-01-01

    The United Nation's Millennium Development Goal Target 7.C is to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water". While the UN claimed to have met this goal, studies ...

  12. Entrepreneurial Tech-Ed. : using technology to fuel income generation education in rural Ghana/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossman, Breanna Faye

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates how decentralization of development occurs through merging small-scale technology hubs into the rural West African fabric by integrating with the secondary school system. This model redefines the ...

  13. Land use, food production, and the future of tropical forest species in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phalan, Benjamin Timothy

    2010-07-06

    in low-yielding farming systems, but there was considerable turnover between these systems and forests, with widespread generalists replacing narrowly endemic forest-dependent species. Species most dependent on forest as a natural habitat, those...

  14. Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    program design for Africa Essel Ben Hagan, CSIR Institutemany other countries in Africa. Yet by creatively modifyingmarket transformation, Africa energy policy Table of

  15. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01

    sector. Nigeria has a low reported energy consumption forNigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit Energy

  16. Human Exposure to Foodborne Toxins in Ghana: Intervention Strategy for Reduction of Aflatoxin and Fumonisin Bioavailability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Nicole Jean

    2013-08-30

    ......................................................................................18 1.1.8 Human exposure in Africa .............................................................................21 1.1.9 AFB1 metabolism ...........................................................................................25... of exposure .................................................................................48 1.2.7 Regulation ......................................................................................................49 1.3 AFB1/FB1 co...

  17. Efficacy of gravity-fed chlorination system for community-scale water disinfection in northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Daniel Cash

    2008-01-01

    Although chlorine is one of the lowest cost ways of providing disinfection, currently billions of people lack drinking water that has had this simple treatment. Arch Chemical's Pulsar 1 unit is an innovation in chlorine ...

  18. Can Local Governments Be Effective? Case Studies of Post-independence Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aikins, Kenneth Shelton

    2011-04-05

    , a corollary of customary law. The situation becomes even more complicated within a democratizing country attempting to decentralize and allow for greater local autonomy. It also creates a struggle for space between state and chieftaincy, which...

  19. Skills development, the enabling environment and informal micro-enterprise in Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Unemployment and underemployment, particularly among the youth, are serious concerns to governments across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Fifteen years on from the World Conference on Education For All (EFA) in Jomtien, EFA ...

  20. Influences of Government Interventions on Increasing Value-Added Wood Product Exports from Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #77 Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural Resources Louisiana State of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 3, these policies are considered to be effective in relieving pressure on natural forests and increasing further

  1. The impact of education in shaping lives: reflections of young people with disabilities in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singal, Nidhi; Salifu, Edward Mahama; Iddrisu, Khadijatu; Casely-Hayford, Leslie; Lundebye, Helen

    2015-03-11

    employees with disabilities. Furthermore, they noted that most Ghanaians tend to ‘admire disable people who engage in productive activities and view those who resort to begging as a source of work as lazy and indeed ‘disabled’’ (p. 58). Given... with opportunities to make a positive contribution to society. Abbink, J. 2005. Being young in Africa: the politics of despair and renewal. Retrieved from: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/9608/ASC_1242160_167.pdf? sequence=1...

  2. Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysir Europe Jumpfor

  3. Ghana-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysir EuropePFAN)

  4. Ghana-GTZ Electrification Component of the Promotion of Private Sector

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik GeothermalGeysir

  5. Ghana-Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:BoreOpen EnergyGermencik

  6. Ghana-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCO

  7. Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCOEnergy

  8. Ghana-Support for Future National Climate Change Policy Framework | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger teGetwatt KISCOEnergyEnergy

  9. Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolar EnergyAerodynall Countriescapital GmbH JumpEquipmentto

  10. Ghana Goes for Green Growth: National Engagement on Climate Change | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak Area (DOEEnergyProjectEnergy

  11. Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak Area

  12. Ghana-Paving the Way for Low Carbon Development Strategies | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak AreaForest

  13. The mitogen-activated protein kinome from Anopheles gambiae: identification, phylogeny and functional characterization of the ERK, JNK and p38 MAP kinases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    induced activation of TAK1 and ERK as well as the signalingamino acid sequences of ERK, JNK, p38 MAPK orthologs from18. 2. Roux PP, Blenis J: ERK and p38 MAPK-activated protein

  14. The Use of Language and Culture: Does Speaking a Non-English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Australia, Austria, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia,countries include Australia, Barbados, Canada, Ghana, Honglanguage(s) are Australia, Barbados, Canada, Ghana, Hong

  15. Determinants of maternal health and health-seeking behavior in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of quality of care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afulani, Patience Akelen-era

    2015-01-01

    Ghana  Demographic  and  Health  Survey  2008.  Service,  Ghana  Health  Service;?  2009:41pp. ” Guildea,  medicine & international health: TM & IH Yanagisawa,  S. ,  

  16. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01

    the effects of CRF prill removal from growing media prior to extraction for EC and pH. CRF drills were either removed or not, prior to extraction of the media. No significant differences in EC or pH were found between pots which had drills removed and those...

  17. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 Sir --Garcia-Guinea and Huascar1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalet, Xavier

    of the intense mining activity of the area. (There are more than 2,000 mining pits and 230 tailing dams and dumps of ecotoxic pollution of a coastal environment by mine tailings. The waste from mining operations ), and cause an accumulation of mining tailings and industrial waste. The most recent Unesco Science World

  18. Chapter 3: Searching for Guinea Pig B: Case Study in Online Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    .com provide quick introduction to material · Primary sources give us most accurate specific information to gather identifying information (possibly from another source) for a more effective, focused search 3 that ­ Different sources differ in the quality of information 1-4 Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc

  19. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    Global Environmental Change 16:253-267. Folke, Carl, Thomas Hahn, Per Olsson, and Jon Norberg 2005 Adaptive governance

  20. Nutritional Dimorphism in New Guinea Dioecious Figs George D. Weiblen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    and female sexual functions, termed gall figs and seed figs, on separate trees. In dioecious figs wasps enter the flower-filled receptacle through a small opening at the apex. In exchange pollen from male flowers before flight and the search for receptive figs in which to oviposit, pollinate

  1. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    In Nigeria people steal oil. We don’t have that. It’s clean.Appel, Hannah 2011 Futures: Oil and the Making of ModularityWalls and White Elephants: Oil Extraction, Responsibility,

  2. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    storage, and offloading vessel (FPSO). With the productionhundreds of yards away, the FPSO was illuminated by its ownwould pull alongside the FPSO and leave with one million

  3. Abstract We examined dopaminergic neurons in the guinea pig retina; antisera against tyrosine hydroxylase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzywacz, Norberto

    hydroxylase (TH), dopamine -hydroxylase (DBH), phenylethanol- amine N-methyltransferase (PNMT hydroxyl- ase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme for catecholamine synthesis, because norepinephrine

  4. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    Zones of Exclusion: Offshore Extraction, the Contestation ofsubsea to market—as “offshore. ” T AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST,1425.2012.01389.x Offshore work American Ethnologist Figure

  5. Beyond the resource curse : mineral resources and development in Guinea-Conakry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diallo, Thierno Amadou

    2015-01-01

    Natural resource endowments are no guarantee of socioeconomic development. Many developing countries are rich in natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, hydropower), and yet many of their citizens remain in poverty and their ...

  6. Austronesians in Papua: Diversification and Change in South-Halmahera-West New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamholz, David

    2014-01-01

    lightning’ (R) RA: Biga ba?ni ‘fly (insect)’ (R); Fiawat benyuw ‘fly (insect)’ (R) CB: Umar bar ‘ball’ (

  7. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01

    -P-K). This was done to determine the feasibility of growing this crop in a no leach system and to determine an optimal fertility rate. The experiment was conducted twice (winter and fall). In both experiments, the leached treatments had significantly larger fresh...

  8. Predicted velocity and density structure of the exhuming Papua New Guinea ultrahighpressure terrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Sarah J. Brownlee,1 Bradley R. Hacker,1 Matthew Salisbury,2 Gareth Seward,3 Timothy A. Little,4 Suzanne: Brownlee, S. J., B. R. Hacker, M. Salisbury, G. Seward, T. A. Little, S. L. Baldwin, and G. A. Abers (2011 ultrahighpressure (UHP) terranes are exhumed [Hacker and Peacock, 1995] has been a principal scientific goal ever

  9. 3 2 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Investigacin sobre la enfermedad del sueo/Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    llevadas a cabo a nivel institucional. Cuatro programas de Fondos de solidaridad prioritaria confirman esta contribución de los científicos a la enseñanza superior progresa de manera constante desde hace varios años medios puestos a su disposición para valorizar sus trabajos de investigación (registros de patente

  10. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    the production process—subsea to market—as “offshore. ” Tone million barrels. From subsea hydrocarbon deposit to theand marketization of subsea hydrocarbon deposits to proceed

  11. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    for example, Chinese investment or national oil companies,and investments intended to generate speculative profit in short-term spot markets are not easily separable in the oil

  12. Walls and white elephants: Oil extraction, responsibility, and infrastructural violence in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appel, HC

    2012-01-01

    extent to which oil’s enclaved investment can be ‘tightlyand foment ‘social investment’ of oil monies has intensi?edresponsibility for the investment of oil monies, but also o?

  13. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  14. Multi-Dimensional Service Compositions L. Baresi, E. Di Nitto. and S. Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    software appli- cations: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things. Software as a Service enables- ample AMI-C [1] and AUTOSAR [9] in the automotive in- dustry. The Internet of Things includes a number

  15. NATURE METHODS | VOL.2 NO.10 | OCTOBER 2005 | 721 Of guinea pigs and men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    and companies. To combat this problem, the United Kingdom passed laws making it easier to prosecute animal that included threats, explosives and the theft of a dead family member's remains.Such terrorist actionsandtheir sympathy, they have been successful at forcing individuals and companies to accede to their demands

  16. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east

  17. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,eastInformation

  18. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click worksheet

  19. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption by9"CoalbedGas,+Annual",2014

  20. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015

  1. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousandThousand Cubic

  2. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342 328 37056 57 61 12 9per

  3. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural ElInformation

  4. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand Cubic Feet)per

  5. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy Information

  6. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy InformationEnergy

  7. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L O

  8. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaska NaturalCubic Feet)(Dollars per

  9. Determining watershed response in data poor environments with remotely sensed small reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    water for the major hydroelectric generating plant in Ghana. [4] In order to improve our understanding

  10. A field-based study of alternative microbial indicator tests for drinking water quality in Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Keefe, Samantha F

    2012-01-01

    Safe drinking water is essential for human survival, yet it is unavailable to over 1 billion of the world's people living in poverty (World Bank, 2009). The current methods used to identify drinking water sources are ...

  11. Owner-Drivers in the Tro-Tro Industry: A Look at Jitney Service Provision in Accra, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayborne, Dontraneil Donte

    2012-01-01

    axles, although some double-decker buses are used in Accra.or ‘Kufuor bus’ and even double-decker buses, which some

  12. The effects of an intermittent piped water network and storage practices on household water quality in Tamale, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vacs Renwick, Deborah Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    The United Nations Millennium Development Goals include a target to halve the number of people without access to "improved" water sources, which include piped water supply. However, an "improved" source of water does not ...

  13. The Effects of Tillage, Cropping and Fertilization on Extractable Soil Nutrients in Four Agro-Ecosystems in Ghana, West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Benjamin

    2014-08-10

    and low in fertility due to general overuse, erosion and leaching of nutrients (Breman et al., 2001; Drechsel et al., 2001). In addition, rapid population growth along with inappropriate land use, poor management and lack of nutrient inputs have led... and increased nutrient toxicities due to the increasing intensity of cultivation resulting in soils susceptibility to leaching nutrients along with a high risk of erosion and overall low fertility. Traditional farming practices in Africa are characterized...

  14. Evaluating the technical performance and social acceptability of keg-shaped ceramic water filters in Northern Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Joanna (Joanna Katherine)

    2011-01-01

    The Kosim Water Keg (KWK) is a new ceramic water filter designed have faster filtration rates and integrate better with consumers' water habits. The design seals together two ceramic pot filters (CPFs) to form a keg shape. ...

  15. Owner-Drivers in the Tro-Tro Industry: A Look at Jitney Service Provision in Accra, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayborne, Dontraneil Donte

    2012-01-01

    of Roads and Highways Organization Chart Figure 5.4:of Transportation Organization Chart viii LIST OF ACRONYMSRoads and Highways Organization Chart 340 Ministry of Roads

  16. THE ABONGO ABROAD: MILITARY INTERNATIONALISM, TRAVEL, TRAINING, AND PEACE IN GHANA AND THE UNITED STATES, 1960-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clune, John Valentine

    2014-08-31

    This dissertation searches the global commodities of military education and training assistance and international peacekeeping missions between the 1960s and 1980s for the meaning people on both the sending and receiving ends made...

  17. Owner-Drivers in the Tro-Tro Industry: A Look at Jitney Service Provision in Accra, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayborne, Dontraneil Donte

    2012-01-01

    Department of Geography and Resource Development, Universityrooted in geography and natural resources or were structuralResources/Presentations/UrbanTransp ortServices-Accra.pdf. __________. Geography,

  18. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    to decrease in tax share); or Liberia (increase in exchangeKenya IIIIIIIIII Lesotho II Liberia IIIIII IIIIIIIII MalawiLSL Gambia ** Lesotho ** Liberia Madagascar ** Malawi ** LRD

  19. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Angola, Cameroon, Comoros, Gambia, Malawi, Mali, Sao TomeAfrican Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic RepublicAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Democratic Republic of

  20. Perspectives of people in Mali toward genetically-modified mosquitoes for malaria control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, John M; Touré, Mahamoudou B; Traore, Mohamed M; Famenini, Shannon; Taylor, Charles E

    2010-01-01

    vector Anopholes gambiae, in Mali, West Africa. GeneticsPerspectives of people in Mali toward genetically-modifiedPerspectives of people in Mali toward genetically-modified

  1. 1/22/08 CAP5510/CGS5166 1 CAP 5510: Introduction to Bioinformatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasimhan, Giri

    gambiae, Macaca mulatta, Bos taurus, Felis catus, Gallus gallus Swiss-Prot Release 51.3/54.7 (Dec`06/Jan

  2. Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New Guinea Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New The Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt in West Papua (Indonesia) has all the characteristics of a young orogen buttress. The construction of these two wedges is younger than 11 Myr. The structures of the Lengguru belt

  3. Alternating seismic uplift and subsidence in the late Holocene at Madang, Papaua New Guinea: Evidence from raised reefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tudhope, A. W.; Buddemeier, Robert W.; Chilcott, C. P.; Berryman, K. R.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Jebb, M.; Lipps, J. H.; Pearce, R. G.; Scoffin, T. P.; Shimmield, G. B.

    2000-06-10

    are interpreted as reflecting alternating tectonic uplift and subsidence. Furthermore, the detailed structure and age relationships of the coral deposits indicate that both uplift and subsidence occurred rapidly, most probably as coseismic events with vertical...

  4. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17

    Page 1 Ranking of Tuberculous Pleurisy Post-4 Days Induction...................................105 2 Primers Used for Real-time PCR ........................................................................117 3 Scoring of Granulomas 4... for the host phagocytes to release cytokines favoring the differentiation of CD4+ T helper cells into Th1 effector cells. The production of IL-12, IL-18, and IL-23 are pivotal in this step. These cytokines induce naive and memory T lymphocytes to release...

  5. Micronesica 37(1):57-68, 2004 Field Response of Guam Populations of the New Guinea Sugarcane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    (Areca catechu L.), coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L). The most affected plants are coconut, betel nut, champagne palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bailey), pritchardia palm

  6. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  7. A Bibliographic Memorial to Amilcar Cabral: Selected Survey of Resources on the Struggle in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornegay, Francis Jr. A.

    1973-01-01

    October 1971 , pp. 385-394. CABRAL, AMILCAR. A Brief Report126. Interview with Cabral. ----. "Guin6e: le pouvoir desa memoriaL to Ami.Lcar CabraL (L920-L973), what foL - lows

  8. Middletown, Connecticut 06459 Ebola Travel Advisory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    community to refrain from nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone returning to the state from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. It is important

  9. Monitoring and evaluation of the ceramic hemispheric filter in Northern Ghanaian households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Kristine M. (Kristine Marie)

    2013-01-01

    The village of Yipelgu in the Northern Region of Ghana was the recipient of a 1,000-ceramic hemispheric water filter distribution, which was supplied by Pure Home Water (PHW) and funded by UNICEF-Ghana. The distribution ...

  10. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01

    Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chad Comoros Congo (dropped) Cote d’violence Azerbaijan Cameroon Comoros Cote d’Ivoire GhanaPeru, Niger, Mali, Yemen, Ghana, Comoros, and Cameroon while

  11. Sustainable Transport Development for Accra: Critiquing Ideologies and Unraveling Priorities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anyetei-Anum, Dzifa

    2012-11-01

    is ensuring sustainable development of urban public transportation, through, among other things, good governance. The document, however, is built within the contextual frameworks of Ghana’s Poverty Strategy Papers, which espouse decentralization and economic...

  12. 1 Introduction There is a widespread notion that the "future" of mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoki, Paul M.

    ]. Consider Ghana in West Africa. Ghana has a great deal of relatively low- cost power generation capacity, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720-4600, USA. hydroelectric system. Nevertheless, for a variety

  13. Measuring clay property variation and effects on ceramic pot filter performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hester, Joshua (Joshua C.)

    2012-01-01

    Pure Home Water (PHW) is a non-profit organization in Ghana whose mission is to provide safe drinking water to Ghana's Northern Region - the poorest part of the country. Originally a distributor of ceramic pot filters ...

  14. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Sierra Leone Suriname Liberia French Guiana Ghana TogoHG) Iceland (HG) Ireland (HS) Liberia (HS/HG) Lithuania (HS)

  15. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Ghana*, India, Kuwait*, Liberia*, Luxembourg*, Madagascar,

  16. Electronic Waste Management in India: A Stakeholder’s Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borthakur, Anwesha; Sinha, Kunal

    2013-01-01

    of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Accra (Ghana):and alliances in solid waste management. Cities, 18(1), 3–

  17. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  18. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2015 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  19. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  20. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2014 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  1. Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio MEMORIA 2012/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitze, Patrick

    Salnés), Guinea, Etiopía, Mongolia, Uruguay y Chile. La estrategia común del Incipit se articula a través

  2. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  3. Monitoring and evaluation of household water treatment and safe storage technologies : the sustained use of the KOSIM ceramic water filter in northern region Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clopeck, Katherine L. (Katherine Lorraine)

    2009-01-01

    Today, approximately 884 million people lack access to an improved drinking water (WHO and UNICEF, 2008). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), contaminated water and poor sanitation cause 30,000 deaths worldwide ...

  4. Household ceramic water filter evaluation using three simple low-cost methods : membrane filtration, 3M Petrifilm and hydrogen sulfide bacteria in northern region, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattelet, Claire (Claire Eliane H. Y.)

    2006-01-01

    Drinking water continues to be a major source of waterborne diseases and death in the world because many points of water collection remain unsafe. This thesis reports high level of fecal contamination found in rivers and ...

  5. High density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for solar disinfection of drinking water in northern region, Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazdani, Iman

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the technical feasibility of high density polyethylene (HDPE) containers as an alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for the solar disinfection of drinking water ...

  6. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  7. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab atMonthly","10/2015"

  8. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary" ,"ClickAnnual",2014 ,"Release

  9. Odors that Modify CO2 Receptor Activity in Insects and Their Effect on Innate CO2-Mediated Behavior and Neuronal Plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Stephanie

    2010-01-01

    Agam), Ae. aegypti (Aaeg) and Cx. quinquefasciatus (Cpip).An. gambiae, Ae. aegypti, and Cx. quinquefascitus. A, MeanAg), Ae. aegypti (Ae), and Cx. quinquefascitus (Cx), to a 1-

  10. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01

    and religious minorities in Liberia and Morocco. While thereSouth Africa, Ghana, India, Liberia, and Morocco. 53 Southcolonial intervention. ” 77 Liberia: Didwho Twe Initiating a

  11. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Steering Group Members Approve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    France, Germany, Ghana, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Ukraine, United...

  12. Accounting for Corruption: Economic Structure, Democratic Norms, and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandholtz, Wayne; Koetzle, William

    1998-01-01

    D. 1991. Corruption and Politics in Mexico. Tuscaloosa, AL:corruption in France (Meny 1992), Ghana (Morris 1991) and Mexico (corruption scandals: France, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico,

  13. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  14. Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlberg, Meredith A.

    2011-01-01

    Formation in Contemporary Brazil." In On Edge: The Crisis ofof Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. ” National Library of Ghana.197-204. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: UNESCO. Centro de Estudos

  15. Electronic Waste Management in India: A Stakeholder’s Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borthakur, Anwesha; Sinha, Kunal

    2013-01-01

    of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Accra (Ghana):environmental problem. Waste Management and Research, 25,alliances in solid waste management. Cities, 18(1), 3–12.

  16. Whose Hero? Reinventing Epic in French West African Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Repinecz, Jonathon

    2013-01-01

    Shaka. 1987. “L’Etat au Mali: Représentation, autonomie, et1973. Ancient Ghana and Mali. London: Methuen. Lord, Albertdu Ganan (Wasolon, Mali). ” Cahiers d’études africaines

  17. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  18. Emergency Medicine in Guyana: Lessons from Developing the Country’s First Degree-conferring Residency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forget, Nicolas Pierre; Rohde, John Paul; Rambaran, Navindranauth; Rambaran, Madan; Wright, Seth Warren

    2013-01-01

    NO. 5 : September 2013 Western Journal of Emergency Medicinein introducing an emergency medicine residency in Ghana.PW, Wallis LA. Emergency medicine in the developing world: A

  19. To: RIT Community From: Provost Jeremy Haefner and Sandra Johnson, Senior Vice President for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria). While there is no current cause for concern on our campus nonessential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia because of the unprecedented outbreak. Please see CDC

  20. EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE INFORMATION FOR NIH CLINICAL CENTER STAFF*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    in humans. The outbreak in 2014 in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia is the largest in history and is by far. The outbreak began in Guinea in December 2013 then spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. A much smaller cluste

  1. Health and Wellness Services PO Box 642302, Pullman, WA 99164-2302

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and Guinea) and the recent case of the traveler from Liberia presenting to Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. The IDRT will continue to monitor the evolving situation

  2. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  3. Journal No. 10 Le savoir de nos anciens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Liberia in March 2009 (p.16) ­ a challenging construction of a bridge! Theatre "Touchatout" in Guinea

  4. Office of the University Physician

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be successfully controlled in Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  5. Red List Category Number of species Extinct (EX) 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreone, Franco

    , and the Comoros; the Gulf of Guinea islands (Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé and Pagalu); Socotra; and the Cape Verde

  6. Report on Education and Awareness Activities to improve the protection of wild chimpanzees and their habitat in West Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and forests in Liberia (Sapo and Grebo), and in the mining concession of GAC in Guinea. Main activities 30 villages in front of over 25.000 spectators in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea during the year for the films in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea (Table 1). Table 1. Number of villages and spectators

  7. To: All Program Directors Re: CDC recommendation regarding community members who have recently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    in West Africa currently affected by Ebola virus. The countries are Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone. Important message for students and postdocs: If you have recently traveled through/from Guinea, Liberia/through Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Nigeria within the past 21 days we ask that you contact JBT at 503

  8. August 18, 2014 Dear Members of the Tufts Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in several West African countries--currently Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea of developing the disease. Nevertheless, if you have been in Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia or Nigeria The CDC has issued a warning advising against all non-essential travel to Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia

  9. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  10. Dyula intellectualism in the Ivory Coast and Ghana : a study of the life and career of Al-H?a?jj S?a?lih? b. Muh?ammad b. Uthma?n 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad, Akbar

    1974-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the 19th century politico-religious and intellectual aspects of the Dyula of Bondoukou and the career of al-H?a?jj S?a?lih? b. Muh?ammad b. Uthma?n of Jinini (d. 1932). Among the points of discussion...

  11. A Multidimensional Model Of Police Legitimacy: A Cross-Cultural Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tankebe, Justice; Reisig, Michael D.; Wang, Xia

    2015-07-15

    -Boadi & Brobbey, 2013). The Ghana police are widely perceived as the most corrupt public institution and distrusted by many Ghanaians (Afrobarometer, 2014). Ghana’s recent score on the Global Corruption Barometer was 4.7, similar to that of Mexico (4... corruption. According to the 2013 Global Corruption Barometer, on a scale ranging from 1 (not at all corrupt) to 5 (extremely corrupt), the US received a score of 3.3, which is similar to the United Kingdom (3.0) and South Korea (3.2; Hardoon & Heinrich...

  12. 90 COMPUTER Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0018-9162/14/$31.00 2014 IEEE STANDARDSDISCOVERY ANALYTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    transmission--Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone--due to various social considerations. Even syndromic tested positive for Ebola, the most common words included "Liberia," "Africa," "virus," "outbreak

  13. Contested Jurisdictions: Legitimacy and Governance at the Special Court for Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, Sara

    2009-01-01

    The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of anrepercussions in neighboring Liberia and Guinea. Over theentered the country from Liberia in March of 1991 with the

  14. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  15. Efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-centre analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of Bamako, Bamako, Mali, 9 National Malaria ControlGabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Demo- cratic Republic ofCameroon, Madagascar, and Mali (1 site each) [4]. Three (

  16. Investigations of marine cyanobacterial secondary metabolites : isolation, structure elucidation, and synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnery, Joshawna Kay

    2012-01-01

    chlorinated metabolite of the marine cyanophyte LyngbyaCannabinomimetic lipid from a marine cyanobacterium. J. Nat.New Guinea collection of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya

  17. Putting the press to the test : effects of temperature on Shea nut oil output

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tacoronte, Lisa Cristina

    2010-01-01

    In northern Ghana, part of a belt reaching from Sub-Saharan Africa to northern Uganda, women collect and process Shea nuts for their valuable oil. This oil is then used in various cosmetic, cooking, and medicinal products. ...

  18. The processes of industrial gold mining and inequality: a Ghanaian case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawor, Natalie

    2011-11-24

    The research examined how inequality manifests itself through the processes of industrial gold mining using a case study of Newmont Mining Corporations’ Ahafo Gold Mine in Ghana. The pursuit of neoliberal development and widespread transnational...

  19. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 7 | OCTOBER 2011 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 739 They are regular opponents on the field of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    , Mauritius, Zambia, Kenya and Ghana. Like Murchison, Karoo is protected by government legislation to regulate rail and harbour project for the transportation of ore and other goods from this area of Western

  20. Postgraduate MBA and Taught Masters Programmes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    AUSTRIA EGYPT NIGERIA ZIMBABWE GHANA SWEDEN POLAND BELGIUM & THE NETHERLANDS CYPRUS INDONESIA IRELAND. And don't just take our word for it! As an example, in our current class of 38 MSc Petroleum, Energy

  1. 1 Argentina 9 35 Mexico 10 2 Australia 7 36 Mongolia 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia 1 50 Singapore 1 17 Germany 7 51 Slovakia 1 18 Ghana 1 52 South Africa 1 19 Greece 2 53 Spain 6 20......................................................................................................... 6 Engineering and Architecture

  2. Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

    2010-10-12

    The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

  3. Promoting Blood Donation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Role of Culture and Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appiah, Bernard

    2013-12-13

    Inadequate blood donation is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the influence of culture and communication on blood donation in Sub-Saharan Africa, with particular focus on Ghana. The literature...

  4. Marine Fisheries On the cover: A corral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Angola, and Ghana; Finland's Fish Trade; World Fish Meal and Oil Production; Mexican Fish Meal; Rafts of this NMFS publication. Second class postage paid at Finance Department, USPS, Washington, DC 20260. #12;

  5. Colonizing the Mahadra: Language, Identity, and Power in Mauritania Under French Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettigrew, Erin

    2007-01-01

    sixteenth centuries, the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires 4six years in what are now Mali, Mauritania, and Morocco. 25to the eleventh-centuries. The Mali Empire extends from the

  6. Analysis and sourcing of the mechanical equipment required for a ceramic pot filter production facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getachew, Julian (Julian B.)

    2011-01-01

    Research was done into identifying and sourcing the mechanical equipment required for manufacturing ceramic pot filters, specifically for use in the Pure Home Water factory in Northern Ghana. The pieces of equipment ...

  7. The effect of compositional and geometrical changes to the bending strength of the Ghanaian ceramic pot filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, Travis (Travis Russell)

    2010-01-01

    Pure Home Water (PHW) is a non-profit organization with the goal of providing safe drinking water through household water treatment and storage (HWTS) to the inhabitants of Ghana, particularly in the Northern Region. To ...

  8. National Collection status for cherry trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stell, John

    and disseminating issues of sustainability, and is involved both in large research projects covering energy: Cape Coast, Ghana and Ilorin, Nigeria, presented on a range of topics including 'Nurturing Diverse

  9. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2 Zimbabwe 1 South Africa 2 Malawi 1 Swaziland 1

  10. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2

  11. Finite element modeling of flow through ceramic pot filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Anna C

    2013-01-01

    Pure Home Water (PHW) is an organization based in Tamale, Ghana that manufactures and distributes ceramic water filters. While many ceramic filter factories manufacture flowerpot-shaped filters, PHW has transitioned from ...

  12. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    . Bindoff (Australia), Zhenlin Chen (China), Amnat Chidthaisong (Thailand), Jonathan M. Gregory (UK) Review Editors: Kansri Boonpragob (Thailand), Filippo Giorgi (Italy), Bubu Pateh Jallow (The Gambia TS.2.4 Radiative Forcing Due to Solar Activity and Volcanic Eruptions ................ 30 TS.2.5 Net

  13. melanotic coating of abiotic Sephadex beads injected into the mosquito thorax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is not known, although Pen3 maps in the general area where the prophenoloxidase gene is also located (17). In any case, the detailed localization of genes involved in the A. gambiae encapsulation response of the previous one (1) and is homozygous for collar- less (7). The new susceptible strain (4Ar/r) is ho- mozygous

  14. Title of dissertation: MOTION RECONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL GROUPS: FROM SCHOOLING FISH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: MOTION RECONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL GROUPS: FROM SCHOOLING FISH aequipinnatus, a common species of schooling fish, and Anopheles gambiae, the most important vector of malaria, density, and movement. For tracking fish, we automatically initialize, predict, and reconstruct shape

  15. InsideIllinoisF o r F a c u l t y a n d S t a f f , U n i v e r s i t y o f I l l i n o i s a t U r b a n a -C h a m p a i g n Oct. 17, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Rashid

    mosquito and of diseases such as West Nile encephalitis, dengue and yellow fever by other mosquitoes BRIEF NOTES 6 CALENDAR 7 DEATHS 4 www.news.uiuc.edu/ii Key sensory proteins unveiled in mosquito genome of a genomic DNA sequence from the African malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae on ChristmasEve1999

  16. Comparative Genome Analysis of the Yellow Fever Mosquito Aedes aegypti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, David

    Comparative Genome Analysis of the Yellow Fever Mosquito Aedes aegypti with Drosophila melanogaster aegypti, and Culex pipiens, the primary vectors for malaria, yellow fever and dengue, and lymphatic 103 and the Malaria Vector Mosquito Anopheles gambiae D. W. SEVERSON, B. DEBRUYN, D. D. LOVIN, S. E. BROWN, D. L

  17. Microsoft Word - FY07AnnualReport.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (EZ) 1 18,000,000 FRANCE (FR) 5 8,093,198 GABON (GB) 1 441,600 GAMBIA (GA) 1 49,300 GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (GE) 3 1,698,498 HUNGARY (HU) 1 4,000,000 KAZAKHSTAN (KZ) 3...

  18. Improved repeat identification and masking in Dipterans Christopher D. Smith1,2,,*, Robert C. Edgar3,, Mark D. Yandell4, Douglas R. Smith5, Susan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yandell, Mark

    Heterochromatin Genome Project, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA. 3Tiburon, CA., bob@drive5.com, such as Drosophila melanogaster and Anopheles gambiae, are estimated to be 30-60% repetitive. Mammalian genomes in genome architecture and inheritance, including centromere function (Grady et al., 1992), generation

  19. The Population Genetic Structure of the Malaria Mosquito Anopheles melas Throughout Its West-African Range 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deitz, Kevin

    2012-02-14

    in wild An. melas populations. Of the 45 loci, 18 were not considered promising markers in An. melas. A total of 48 out of 90 An. gambiae primers contained at least one mismatch with the An. melas annealing site. An. melas-specific primers were designed...

  20. IMPORTANT---TRAVEL TO AND FROM EBOLA-IMPACTED AREAS January 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    --Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. There have been no cases of Ebola in Oklahoma, but OU must take the appropriate, and staff travel for University purposes to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. 1. OU students, faculty, Liberia, and Sierra Leone to contact OU Health Services to arrange a risk assessment by telephone

  1. HARVARD UNIVERSITY Office of the Provost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corey, David P.

    , Guinea and Liberia, and of cases of Ebola infection in nearby Nigeria. In order to protect the health to avoid non-essential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. If you need safety and security advice, Liberia or Nigeria in the past four weeks and have not already been in contact with Harvard University

  2. On the Cutting Edge of C H I C A G O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, S. Murray

    infection. The rVl0-2 vaccine is currently undergoing US FDA pre-Investigational New Drug authorization the pneumonic form of plague in guinea pigs, offering a more convenient, ethical, and cost-effective animal D, Hermanas T, Schnee- wind O. Plague in Guinea pigs and its prevention by subunit vaccines. Am J

  3. Differentiating Effects and Localization of Estrogen Receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;69:63­76 Projections of the Estrogen Receptor-Immunoreactive Ventrolateral Hypothalamus to Other Estrogen Receptor hypothalamus W Guinea pig Abstract The ventrolateral hypothalamus in female guinea pigs includes an estrogen receptor dense region adjacent to the ventromedial hypothalamus. This region is recipro- cally connected

  4. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 1996, Vol. 8, 673685 Efferent Projections from the Ovarian Steroid Receptor-Containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Receptor-Containing Area of the Ventrolateral Hypothalamus in Female Guinea Pigs K. H. N. Ricciardi*, J. C, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. Key words: preoptic area, ventromedial hypothalamus, midbrain, Phaseolus, estrogen receptors. Abstract The ventrolateral hypothalamus (VLH) in female guinea

  5. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01

    . The influence of exogenous Il-2 on mitogen (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of blood lymphocytes from normal guinea pigs. 5. Production of Il-2 by lymphocytes from the blood and spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) or non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs 3-4 weeks.... rculosis recoverable from the spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV) tuberculous guinea pigs. . . . . . 52 X1V Figure 8. Number of viable N b cu osis recoverable page from the lung from BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV...

  6. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    aimed at securing oil resources in the Gulf of Guinea (of (as yet unproven) oil resources in Angola (EIA 2008; Lylemost valuable natural resource: oil. But oil extraction—both

  7. An Investigation into the Historical Distribution, Prevalence, and Host Community of Monkeypox Virus (MPXV) Among Funisciurus Museum Skin Specimens from Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiee, Madeline

    2015-01-01

    within Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria,from Cote d’Ivoire, 2 from Liberia, 13 from Rwanda, 1 fromGuinea), and county (Liberia) levels. All samples with

  8. BIOLOGY SEMINAR MELINDA DENTON ENDOWED LECTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlizerman, Eli

    @u.washington.edu Monday, April 06, 2015 "Phylogenetic ecology of plant/insect food webs: examples from the New Guinea forest community is explained by the phylogeny and functional traits of host plants. We destructively

  9. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. “Oil and Gas in Africa. ” Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6,Mercury from Discharges from Oil and Gas Platforms. http://

  10. Burns 24 (1998) 166-172 Early nonsurgical removal of chemically injured tissue enhances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palanker, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    analog to sulfur mustard - mustard gas) in an experimental guinea pig model. Debridase was most effective for warfare chemicals such as white phosphorous [6] and mustard gas (MG) - the most widely used warfare

  11. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  12. PROC. ENTOMOL. SOC. WASH. 108(4), 2006, pp. 1002-1004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    m. All ticks been deposited in the USNTC as acces- were shipped in 70% ethanol to RGR, sion RML Australia: Queensland, Archbold Expedition, Iron Range AMNH Casuarius Papua New Guinea: F. Klekham casuarius

  13. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)","U.S....

  14. Toward the African Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minot, Gilbert

    1983-01-01

    TOWARD THE AFRICAN CINEMA* By Gilbert Minot Guinea gainedAfrica to devise a national cinema policy. So we created, ascontact with the different cinemas in Africa. For in-

  15. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Docket No. Date Filed CTY Application LinkCompany Ord. No. FE06-06-LNG 010906 Republic of Equatorial Guinea BG LNG Services, LLC 2288 FE06-05-LNG 010606 Arab Republic of...

  16. Carving the spirits of the wood: an enquiry into Trobriand materialisations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarillo de la Torre, Sergio

    2013-10-08

    , Papua New Guinea. The dissertation analyses previously overlooked material expressions in the form of woodcarvings for sale (tokwalu) to outsiders. Throughout the thesis, I demonstrate how Trobrianders conceive tokwalu as symbolic and material...

  17. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  18. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  19. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude...

  20. U.S. Crude Oil Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Brazzaville) 24 8 13 20 12 15 1993-2015 Congo (Kinshasa) 1993-2013 Denmark 1997-2004 Egypt 17 1993-2015 Equatorial Guinea 1996-2014 Estonia 1999-1999 Gabon 4 18 1993-2015...

  1. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude Oil...

  2. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01

    PPD-induced blastogenesis in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria Proliferative response in vitro... to Concanavalin A of peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria. . . . . . 44 I. ymphoproliferation in vitro to PPD of spleno...

  3. Supplement 24, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01

    , 1897, H. dentipalpis Warburton ? Nuttall, 1909) (Burma, Viverra t_. tangalunga; Pahang, Negri Sembilan, North Borneo, Felis bengalensis tingia; Pahang, F. pardus fusca; Negri Sembilan, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus philippinensis; North Borneo...-99 (Dorcopsis sp. ; Merauke (Dutch New Guinea) ) Zwart, D., (1959C), 812-831 (wallaby; Dutch New Guinea) Haemaphysalis bandicota Hoogstraal, H. & Kohls, G, ?. , (1965A), 460-466 (Bandicota spp. ; Taiwan, Thailand and Burma) Haemaphysalis bartelsi Schulze...

  4. Engineering Light: Quantum Cascade Lasers

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Claire Gmachl

    2010-09-01

    Quantum cascade lasers are ideal for environmental sensing and medical diagnostic applications. Gmachl discusses how these lasers work, and their applications, including their use as chemical trace gas sensors. As examples of these applications, she briefly presents results from her field campaign at the Beijing Olympics, and ongoing campaigns in Texas, Maryland, and Ghana.

  5. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 159 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 159 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS THE COTE D'IVOIRE - GHANA TRANSFORM MARGIN, Leg 159 Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Research Park 1000 Discovery Drive College Station requires the written consent of the Director, Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M University Research Park

  6. Wednesday, March 15, 2006 SPECIAL SESSION: BOSUMTWI METEORITE IMPACT CRATER DRILLING PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Wednesday, March 15, 2006 SPECIAL SESSION: BOSUMTWI METEORITE IMPACT CRATER DRILLING PROJECT 8:30 a J. Schmitt D. R. An International and Multidisciplinary Drilling Project into a Young Complex Impact Structure: The 2004 ICDP Bosumtwi Impact Crater, Ghana, Drilling Project -- An Overview [#1859] First

  7. The Pennsylvania State University The Graduate School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singha, Kamini

    bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, largely affects poor rural populations in tropical were collected from five communities within Ghana: four in the southern part of the country (three Buruli-endemic communities: Pokukrom, Betenase, and Ayanfuri, and one control: Kedadwen) and one non

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Exome and Transcriptome Sequencing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiggins, Francis

    vector-borne disease. Aedes aegypti, the pri- mary vector of dengue and yellow fever and a laboratory differences between individuals affect their ability to transmit human diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, Ghana * pjuneja@gmail.com, p.juneja@gen.cam.ac.uk Abstract Many mosquito species are naturally

  9. West Virginia University 1 International Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    · Austria · Botswana · Brazil · Canada · China · Denmark · England · Estonia · France · Germany · Hong Kong have included: · Brazil · China · England · Fiji · France · Germany · Ghana · Italy · Mexico · Spain allow students from the United States and twenty-seven other countries access to programs at member

  10. West Virginia University 1 International Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    on the exchange agreement. WVU currently has exchange programs in: · Australia · Austria · Botswana · Brazil Past locations have included: · Brazil · China · England · Fiji · France · Germany · Ghana · Italy allow students from the United States and twenty-seven other countries access to programs at member

  11. WORLD FOOD DAY byElliott A. Norseand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    the highest meas- ured primary production (wave-beaten northeast Pacific intertidal kelp beds: Leigh et al animal protein-at leasthalf in countries suchas Ghana and Japan. Its diversity of chemically defended species generates high potential for new medi- cines. Coral reef, seagrass,mangrove, and salt marsh

  12. Anthony Arko-Adjei S U S T A I N A B L E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the institutional framework of customary tenure The case of peri-urban Ghana Delft Centre for Sustainable Urban-Adjei #12;The series Sustainable Urban Areas is published by IOS Press under the imprint Delft University@iospress.nl Sustainable Urban Areas is edited by Delft Centre for Sustainable Urban Areas C/o OTB Research Institute

  13. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  14. Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the production chain MalaysiaResearch and development in energy alternative from biomass through briquetting and forest industries GhanaDevelopment of energy alternatives for the efficient utilization of woodPresentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme

  15. MRC Technique for RNS to Decimal Conversion Using the Moduli Set {2n + 2, 2n + 1, 2n}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    MRC Technique for RNS to Decimal Conversion Using the Moduli Set {2n + 2, 2n + 1, 2n} Kazeem Alagbe, Navrongo, Ghana. Abstract--This paper investigates the conversion of Residue Number System (RNS) operands to decimal, which is an important issue concerning the utilization of RNS numbers in digital signal

  16. Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan Bazilian a,*, Patrick Nussbaumer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , Austria b International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria c The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana dDiscussion Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan, Austria f KTH Technical University, Stockholm, Sweden g African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia h

  17. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2013) May-June Batch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    .-K. Chou Narai**** Chin*** (THAILAND) Dr. George T.F. Wong MCB Sand*** Satap****(INDIA) Dr. Cheng** Sah** (INDIA) Dr. Yeng-Long Chen Sanch*** Bis*** (INDIA) Dr. Chia-Fu Chou Sach** Vi*** Mul** (INDIA**** (PHILIPPINES) Dr. Paul E. Verslues HEN** AKR*** DO** (GHANA) KA* SYUA* L** (MALAYSIA) Dr. Pei-Wen Hsiao Mu

  18. A 2002 Update on Internet Use in the U.S. Lumber Industry Richard Vlosky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Qinglin

    A 2002 Update on Internet Use in the U.S. Lumber Industry Richard Vlosky Professor, Forest Products, Kumasi, Ghana Louisiana Forest Products Development Center Working Paper #63 May 25, 2004 #12;2 Abstract-business applications and functions. Relative to other U.S. industrial sectors, the forest products industry has been

  19. Feedback Relationships between New Technology Use and Information Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Feedback Relationships between New Technology Use and Information Networks: Evidence from Ghana;1 Introduction The introduction of new technologies into farming communities in develop- ing countries has. But farmers interested in using a new technology may not possess all of the relevant information about

  20. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to o#er. Mali, where we spent. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities --- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  1. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to offer. Mali, where we. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities -- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  2. Journal of Coastal Research Longshore drift cell development on the human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Volta River delta in Ghana, to the west, and the western conf River delta in Nigeria to the east the Volta River delta, terminus of a large river catchment of 397,000 km2, although wave energy conditions by the construction of three deepwater ports in Lomé (Togo), Cotonou (Benin) and Lagos (Nigeria) that have Volta River

  3. The Queen's Emergency Support Program Off-Campus Activity Safety Policy (OCASP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Dominic attempted to capture the political situation in Ghana. SMART CHOICES? Other choices... In April buildings and individuals) - Bolivia - Burma - Burkina Faso - Cambodia - Cameroon - China - Costa Rica as a Canadian when he went back to his other home. He didn't. SMART CHOICES? Keep in mind... Dual citizenship

  4. Proudly Presents the Award Recipients for the 2015 Summer Teaching Assistants Fellowship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will afford me the opportunity to engage in experiential learning. In utilizing renewable energy technology for the purpose of combating the energy crisis in Ghana, I am promoting sustainable development, which is a major. My involvement in the scoping, installation and training necessary to complete this project

  5. Sustainability 2014, 6, 4587-4607; doi:10.3390/su6074587 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    curcas Emmanuel Acheampong * and Benjamin Betey Campion Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, Kwame emerged as a major issue for agricultural development, energy policy, and natural resource management.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability Article The Effects of Biofuel Feedstock Production on Farmers' Livelihoods in Ghana: The Case of Jatropha

  6. THE END OF A HUNDRED-YEAR-OLD ARCHAEOLOGICAL RIDDLE: FIRST DATING OF THE COLUMNS TOMB OF KUMBI SALEH (MAURITANIA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with North Africa and the Mediterranean Basin. However, interpretation of the tomb, the largest structure and stored at the Musée de l'Homme (Paris, France). AMS radiocarbon dating of the bone and tooth apatite metal with Maghreb and the Mediterranean Basin through North African merchants, Ghana established early

  7. Gamma Log At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware)Galveston Test JumpGambia:Alum

  8. Tropical hardwood markets Genve le 8 octobre 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberia Ghana RCA R-Congo RDC 1000m3 1998 (11 M m3) 1999 (12,2 M m3) 2000 (13,3 M m3) 2001 (12,9 M m3% 17% 17% 12% 8% 5% 6% Malaisie (4.3 M m3) Gabon (2 M m3) Indonésie (2 M m3) PNG (1.5 M m3) Liberia (0

  9. Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology - Volume 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

    2003-01-01

    ; and strategies for achieving a desired future. The very expression, ethnicity has gained currency rather recently. As enumerated by Glazer an Moynihan (1975), the term was used for the first time around 1953 and it took decade before the same could get regular... .D in Anthropology. Laya Upreti/ Participatory Action Research... 19 Indonesia, and the Philippines) and African countries (Ghana, Cameroon, Zimbabwe and Malawi) countries. The ACM research in Nepal was a formal collaboration of the Ministry of the Forests and Soil...

  10. International Support for Domestic Climate Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten

    for developing countries are more uncertain, as Figure 7 illustrates using the example of China. The 2020 projections almost doubled between the IEA World Energy Outlook 2002 and 2007. The change can be attributed to data accuracy, expected GDP growth... transport investment to create options for public transport development and a shift of modal choice in Brazil are discussed. • The options to enhance industrial energy efficiency in Ghana are explored; suggesting for example, the benefits of increasing...

  11. WILD CHIMPANZEE FOUNDATION Volunteer Position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Ivoire, Guinea and Liberia. WCF has been in operation since 2000 for the conservation of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in West Africa. The WCF has worked on projects in Liberia since 2008, to support WCF activities in southeastern Liberia. Working with the Field Coordinator and WCF team, based

  12. Temporal Variations in the Effective Reproduction Number of the 2014 West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leone, and Liberia up to September 8, 2014, and employ novel methodology to estimate how the rate to the outbreak data. Results We find that for Liberia and Guinea, the effective reproduction number rose, rather, Liberia, and Sierra Leone announced plans to impose a military- enforced mass quarantine of entire regions

  13. Ebola Protocol Bradley University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanyes, Ollie

    in the last 21 days? 2. Have you traveled to Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Guinea in that time? 3. Do you have will be asked to move to Lovelace Hall for a period of 21 days since their return from Liberia, Sierra Leone

  14. Summary of biomonitoring activities of the Wild Chimpanzee Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inventories and biomonitoring activities in National Parks and Protected Forests of Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia Foundation has implemented biomonitoring programs in protected areas in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea Park. Inventories were conducted in the Taï area between Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire to study

  15. MODELING THE SPREAD OF EBOLA Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola virus. The current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Liberia and Sierra Leone and Guinea to parameterize a mathematical model of Ebola. We model the course is disastrous but it can be well controlled. The three methods we developed tested across Liberia and Sierra or drug for Ebola so that we can optimize the eradication of Ebola. We use existing data from Liberia

  16. HANNAH APPEL University of California, Berkeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the crude's gaseous byproducts. This vast, self-propelling, shiplike structure floated above an oil field, the production chain of Equatorial Guinea's oil was clearest to me by helicopter, far off the country's shoresHANNAH APPEL University of California, Berkeley Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how

  17. letters to nature 930 NATURE |VOL 411 |21 JUNE 2001 |www.nature.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Brian

    and ¯exural rotation of initially high-angle normal faults4 . The D'Entrecasteaux islands of Papua New Guinea rate (,25 mmyr-1 )5 . Here we present evidenceÐbased on isostatic modelling, geological data and heat of the palaeo-Papuan peninsula west of 1538 209 E including the D'Entrecasteaux islands and the Goodenough basin

  18. Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blessington, Trisha R.

    2002-01-01

    of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

  19. Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaotong

    1996-01-01

    To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

  20. HAWAII NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTEwww.hnei.hawaii.edu Bioenergy Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HAWAII NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTEwww.hnei.hawaii.edu Bioenergy Research Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Briefing for Rear Admiral Matthew Klunder Chief of Naval Research Hawaii Natural Energy Institute University of Hawaii September 7, 2012 #12;Corn Sweet Sorghum Sugarcane Guinea Grass Banagrass Eucalyptus

  1. -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance E. H. OLDMIXON, Jr. -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance. J Appl by measuring dispo- sition and quantities of -smooth muscle actin in rat and guinea pig lungs and modeling its

  2. Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recorded as M. cf. rasilis from Malaysia, Australia and Papua New Guinea (Dürrschmidt & Croome 1985, Vyverman & Cronberg 1993), and as M. rasilis from Australia and Central Europe (Croome & Tyler 1988 with distilled water and the cells on the fil- ter were dehydrated through a graded ethanol series. The filter

  3. Field observations and theoretical studies relevant to enhanced in situ carbonation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    similar in size are in Papua New Guinea (~ 10,000 km 2 in outcrop), New Caledonia (~ 6000 km 2 ) and along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea (several ~ 4000 km 2 massifs). Proposed exothermic self of chemical potential energy. Fyfe (1974) proposed that exothermic hydration of olivine to form the hydrous

  4. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of Boelen's python (Morelia boeleni)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Christopher C.

    individual. All 16 wild-caught M. boeleni from Indonesia and all captive M. boeleni are genetically uniform diversity of M. boeleni used captive breeding programs in zoological parks. Keywords Indonesia Á MC1R Á mt above 1000 m and below the tree line (Brongersma 1953; O'Shea 1996). In Papua New Guinea, an independent

  6. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 243266, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/243/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    ) can cause devastating local tsunamis that strike without warning. There is a comprehensive data set/243/2008/ © Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences The Papua New Guinea tsunami of 17 July 1998: anatomy of a catastrophic event D. R. Tappin1, P

  7. Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata and Mikania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    Pre-release research on biocontrol agents for chromolaena in South Africa 68 Costas Zachariades, Lorraine Strathie, Oona Delgado and Estianne Retief Establishment of two biocontrol agents on Chromolaena and G.V.P. Reddy Biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata in Papua New Guinea 53 Michael Day and Ingu Bofeng

  8. NEAL EDWARD BLAIR Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    60208 ph: (847) 491-8790 fax: (847) 491-4011 e-mail: n-blair@northwestern.edu Publications Terrestrial isotopic composition of monosodium glutamate: Biochemical pathways and product source identification. J in the Gulf of Papua deltaic complex (Papua New Guinea): net loss of terrestrial C and diagenetic

  9. C. L. Staines. 2012. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Tribe Eurispini. http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera-Hispines.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    & Hawkeswood 1995: 151 (host plants); Staines 1997b: 416 (note); Staines & Staines 1999: 525 (Baly species list. Donckier 1899: 540 (catalog); Gestro 1907: 81 (museum list). Distribution. New Guinea. Food plant. Unknown (classification); Uhmann 1940g: 121 (claws), 1951a: 23 (museum list), 1958e: 189 (catalog), 1959d: 8 (scutellum

  10. Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison a Colombian poison-dart frog and later found in certain passerine birds of New Guinea. Neither vertebrate in the mid-1960s in skin extracts from a Colombian poison-dart frog (family Dendrobatidae) (1, 2). The name

  11. Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held at Hyderabad, India, September 2009) (IAHS Publ. 349, 2011).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held and change characterisation: a new management tool for the Ramu River Communities in Papua New Guinea NICK A within the dry season. With evidence of an increase in fine sediment load, the Ramu Communities would

  12. J BIOCHEM MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY Volume 20, Number 3, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    chemicals, including the ubiquitous environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Here, we competi- tively bound to the guinea pig hepatic cytosolic AhR, inhibited 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/jbt.20126 KEYWORDS: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD; Ah Receptor; Diuron; Urea

  13. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  14. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  15. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2668-0 Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    tropical Pacific Ocean during austral sum- mer (Fig. 1a). The SPCZ is oriented diagonally, stretch- ing northwest­southeast from New Guinea to the central, subtropical Pacific Ocean (Vincent 1994, the majority of precipi- tation over the Pacific Ocean is concentrated in the South Pacific Convergence Zone

  16. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.128082 2007;581;787-800; originally published online Mar 15, 2007;J. Physiol.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mawe, Gary M.

    DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.128082 2007;581;787-800; originally published online Mar 15, 2007;J-induced synaptic facilitation Synaptic plasticity in myenteric neurons of the guinea-pig distal colon: presynaptic-pig distal colon: presynaptic mechanisms of inflammation- induced synaptic facilitation Eric M. Krauter1

  17. Booker House P.O. Box 400308 Charlottesville, VA 22904-4308 Phone: 434-924-3728 Fax: 434-982-2920 Vice Provost for Global Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    , the U.S. Department of State has issued a Travel Alert on Potential Implications for Travel Because Traveler's Health U.S. Department of State Travel Resources Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) ­ U: "Nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone should be avoided". Travelers to Nigeria

  18. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  19. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally miles away from the car. Although this angular separation is very small, it is well within that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  20. Why are Market Economies Politically Stable? A Theory of Capitalist Cohesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalgaard, Carl-Johan; Olsson, Ola

    distinguishable by which goods they tend to be associated with the production of. An example is presented in Easterly (2002, Ch. 13) involving the cocoa producing Ashanti?s in Ghana. 3 rary cross-country correlation between income and political stability, pro... endowment on production of m-goods so that xmm = 1.18 This means that total income is ym = m = hmmRm: (15) For people living in a?locations the corresponding constraints are ya = ma + paa ya = pa = phaaRa: Solving the utility maximization problem...

  1. The many faces of methylmercury poisoning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elhassani, S.B.

    1982-10-01

    Methylmercury (MM) is a very potent neurotoxic agent. Its role in polluting the environment is well documented. A vast amount of study over the past several decades has finally provided insight into many aspects of its effect. Exposure to MM may be through ingestion of poisoned fish or inadvertent misuse of grain treated with the poison as a fungicide. Major epidemics have occurred in Japan (Fetal Minamata disease), Iraq, Pakistan, Guatemala, and Ghana. Sporadic incidences have occurred in the United States and Canada. There is no effective antidote to counteract the effect of MM on the central nervous system, although the information documented should provide hope for more effective therapy in acute cases.

  2. Oilfields of the World. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiratsoo, E.N.

    1985-01-01

    This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

  3. Standard Guide for Irradiation of Pre-packaged Processed Meat and Poultry Products to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This guide outlines procedures for the irradiation of pre-packaged refrigerated and frozen processed meat and poultry products. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines "meat" (including poultry and game) as "the edible part of any mammal slaughtered in an abattoir," and "poultry meat" as "the edible part of slaughtered domesticated birds, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons." (CAC/RCP 13-1976) Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This guide addresses all refrigerated and frozen meat and poultry products NOT covered by Guide F 1356. 1.3 This guide provides information regarding absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load. Such doses are typically less than 10 kilogray (kGy).

  4. Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, Clive

    2014-01-25

    Letter to the Editor 31 30 Oct. 1880, p.568 Grand Chorus of Birds from Aristophanes Studies in Song (1881) 30 Apr. 1881, p.591 The Deaths of Thomas Carlyle and George Eliot Tristram of Lyonesse (1882... ; an ode A Channel Passage (1904) Nov. 1890 Robert Davenport 16 guineas 95 Not reprinted in Swinburne’s lifetime Jan. 1891, pp.1-3 Light: an epicede Astrophel (1894) Mar. 1891, pp.345-346 Inscriptions for the Four Sides of a...

  5. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, IV. Geographical Distribution of Ticks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1978-01-01

    ISLANDS see NEW GUINEA AFGHANISTAN Aponomma latum (Santos Dias, J. ?. ?. , (1961A), 1- 18) AFGHANISTAN -- Continued. Haemaphysalis sulcata (Anastos, G., (1956?), 18-19) Hyalomma aegyptium (Anastos, G., (1954C) 1?.9-174\\ (Chasma-Obeh, Adaraskand...) '' 169"174> Hyalomma aegyptium (Kaiser, M.'N. & Hooestraal, ?., (1963A), 130-139) Argas (Chiropterargas) afghanistaniensis (Santos Dias, J. A. T. , (196??), 1-18) Argas (Chiropterargas) boueti (Nemenz, ?., (1960A), 45-47) Argas persicus (Anastos, G...

  6. Glucocorticoids as regulatory signals during intrauterine development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowden, Abigail L.; Forhead, Alison J.

    2015-06-04

    , synthetic glucocorticoids are given to pregnant women to treat asthma, arthritis and 161 adrenal insufficiency, and to improve neonatal viability in threatened preterm delivery (McKinlay et 162 al., 2014). These drugs are also given to mares to treat... (Wyrwoll et al., 2007). Betamethasone treatment of guinea pigs 378 in late pregnancy also causes differential GR binding to a large number of different gene promotors 379 12 and methylation of specific GREs in the fetal hippocampal MR gene (Crudo et...

  7. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L.

    1990-12-31

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  8. Guiyang Polysource Silicon Co Ltd Formerly Jiayuan Sunshine Guiyang Hi New

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID

  9. Gujarat Ambuja Cements Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAIDAmbuja

  10. Ventilatory function assessment in safety pharmacology: Optimization of rodent studies using normocapnic or hypercapnic conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goineau, Sonia; Rompion, Sonia; Guillaume, Philippe; Picard, Sandra

    2010-09-15

    Although the whole body plethysmography for unrestrained animals is the most widely used method to assess the respiratory risk of new drugs in safety pharmacology, non-appropriate experimental conditions may mask deleterious side effects of some substances. If stimulant or bronchodilatory effects can be easily evidenced in rodents under standard experimental conditions, i.e. normal air breathing and diurnal phase, drug-induced respiratory depression remains more difficult to detect. This study was aimed at comparing the responsiveness of Wistar rats, Duncan Hartley guinea-pigs or BALB/c mice to the respiratory properties of theophylline (50 or 100 mg/kg p.o.) or morphine (30 mg/kg i.p.) under varying conditions (100% air versus 5% CO{sub 2}-enriched air, light versus dark day phase), in order to select the most appropriate experimental conditions to each species for safety airway investigations. Our results showed that under normocapnia the ventilatory depressant effects of morphine can be easily evidenced in mice, slightly observed in guinea-pigs and not detected in rats in any day phase. Slight hypercapnic conditions enhanced the responsiveness of rats to morphine but not that of guinea-pigs and importantly they did not blunt the airway responsiveness of rats to the stimulation and bronchodilation evoked by theophylline, the most widely used reference agent in safety pharmacology studies. In conclusion, hypercapnic conditions associated with the non-invasive whole body plethysmography should be considered for optimizing the assessment of both the ventilatory depressant potential of morphine-like substances or the respiratory stimulant effects of new drugs in the rat, the most extensively used species in rodent safety and toxicological investigations.

  11. Philosophy at Cambridge, Newsletter of the Faculty of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comment from the Higher Education Minister that this fall was no bad thing reignited debate on whether and why the study of Philosophy is important. Some contributors to this issue offer thoughts relevant to this question. Perhaps you have views. If so we... sort of process has perhaps been undergone by wiser men, when they have been cut off from faith and love — only, instead of a loom and a heap of guineas, they have had some erudite research, some ingenious project, or some well-knit theory.” I love...

  12. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  13. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  14. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  15. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genus Cetiocyon and its discovery in the Neotropical region (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiká ?ek, Martin; Short, Andrew E. Z.

    2010-03-11

    (ZMUC); 1 P, 1 spc., same locality and collector, i.1981 (ZMUC). Oro: 1 P, Kokoda, 1300 ft [400 m], ix.1933, lgt. L.E. Cheesman (BMNH); 2 OO, same local- ity and collector, 1200 ft [370 m], vii.1933 (BMNH). South- ern Highlands: 1 P, 1 O, 6 spc., Papua... For- est Camp’ [= near the upper reaches of Baliem riv., ca. 4°15?S 139°00?E, cf. TOXOPEUS (1940) and HANSEN (1999a)]. Type material. Holotype, 1 O, ‘[female symbol] !’, ‘Neth. Ind. Amer. New | Guinea Exped. 2500 – | 2800 m. Moss For- est | Camp. 9...

  16. University of Kansas Graduate School theses, 1888-1947

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilder, Bessie E.

    1949-01-01

    . 1922. Armstrong, Wallace Bruce. A study in the relative frequency and persistency of technical errors in written composition. M.A. Ed. 1925. Arnett, Ua Maud. A problem on the triangle. M.A. Math. 1916. Arnold, Bertha Pearl. The teaching of English.... M.A. Eng. 1924. Bowers, Garvey Bruce. Studies upon epidemic paralysis among guinea pigs. M. A. Bact. 1929. Bowers, Lois Mae. Technical devices in the eomedias of Calderon. M.A. Rom. Lang, and Lit. 1932. Bowers, Virginia Gene. The political...

  17. Thymus-dependent (T) lymphocyte response in experimental tuberculous pleuritis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Susan Wyatt

    1990-01-01

    . Using this model of tuberculous pleuritis, comparative studies were made of thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes obtained from pleural effusions and peripheral blood in BCG- vaccinated guinea pigs both noninfected and infected by the Eir tog o te tn lent... M. t~n 1 . n ing E rosette assay, it was shown that there was a significant compartmentalization of CD2+ T lymphocytes in the pleural effusions with a concomitant reduction of CD2+ T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of the same experimental...

  18. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  19. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  20. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01

    began in 1924 to establish its network in Nanyang Hua-ch'iao communities. By the time the Second Party Congress met in 1926, the KMT had set up headquarters in Burma, French Indochina, Nanyang (Malaya-Dutch Indies), the Philippines, 3 FIGURE 1 A... Guinea, Celebes, and Malay Peninsula, Burma, Siam, and Indo-China."33 After the consummation of the KMT-Communist united front, Communist parties and their affiliates in Southeast Asia were increasingly oriented toward the Chinese Communist Party.34...

  1. Gulf Alternative Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAIDAmbujaGulf

  2. Guinness Asset Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea:

  3. Gulf Hydrocarbon Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea:Hydrocarbon

  4. Vocational agriculture in Texas since 1917 under the provisions of the Smith-Hughes act 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howell, Leander D.

    1922-01-01

    meara en4 oitieen ef tbe e~tg, Xt nw14 bo folly to hA? the tine ef the CLare to torch the bog her te yler Lf he seto a&eekg ea axyaoo yieaaaae eo Lt be- come neeeeeapg to take th? aaaLyeia ef tho gob of tbe fornax erl are Lt sr a roose eer4 arith Nh... KCIAI of %ho I?ca% hLte gmaga ItvNL bg hia 1hLL0 Oe~ teeaCLoaaL apieaMcee oaieo |ho yeer%aiee ef %e Sat&-Sqpae? i?4+ NyyXiea voce oeeeive4 Sr?a 54 ooeoiwoei %he 4?44? ese It@?a bg gaea? ee faL1owi O ' 4 ' S ' 3O ' aa Se 4LCLee ?f %e ghana ?l. 4h Ne...

  5. Opportunities in African power generation: A business briefing for industry and investment executives. Held in Baltimore, Maryland, June 21-22, 1995. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-21

    The report, prepared by the Institute of International Education, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The information contained in the report was compiled in part for a power generation conference held in Baltimore, Maryland. The focus of the report is the market created by electric power projects financed by multilateral development banks. The study contains country information and project profiles related to the energy sector for eleven countries: Benin, Botswana, Cote D`Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Morocoo, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The report also outlines the range of service opportunities in the region such as consulting, engineering, construction and project management, and equipment procurement. It is divided into the following sections: (1) Agenda/Program; (2) African Energy Sector Overview; (3) Project Profiles; (4) Country Information; and (5) Attendees.

  6. Emissions Scenarios, Costs, and Implementation Considerations of REDD Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, Jayant; Andrasko, Ken; Chan, Peter

    2011-04-11

    Greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector are estimated to be 8.4 GtCO2-eq./year or about 17percent of the global emissions. We estimate that the cost forreducing deforestation is low in Africa and several times higher in Latin America and Southeast Asia. These cost estimates are sensitive to the uncertainties of how muchunsustainable high-revenue logging occurs, little understood transaction and program implementation costs, and barriers to implementation including governance issues. Due to lack of capacity in the affected countries, achieving reduction or avoidance of carbon emissions will require extensive REDD-plus programs. Preliminary REDD-plus Readiness cost estimates and program descriptions for Indonesia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guyana and Mexico show that roughly one-third of potential REDD-plus mitigation benefits might come from avoided deforestation and the rest from avoided forest degradation and other REDD-plus activities.

  7. EA follow-up in the Ghanaian mining sector: Challenges and opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Appiah-Opoku, Seth; Bryan, Hobson C.

    2013-07-15

    Environmental assessment (EA) follow-up provides a means for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of environmental impact studies. It is integral to the success or failure of a project or program. In spite of its importance, very little attention is given to the need for follow-up programs in most jurisdictions in Africa. Using a case study in the Ghanaian mining sector, this paper explores the challenges and opportunities within the country's EA process for an effective follow-up program. The paper is based on informal interviews, content analysis of relevant publications, official EA documents, and internet searches. The authors suggest a standard EA follow-up program to be formalized as an integral part of Ghana's environmental assessment policy. They also propose a follow-up process that harnesses existing opportunities within the country's EA system. This approach can be replicated in other African countries.

  8. Analytical Study of Hexapod miRNAs using Phylogenetic Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, A K

    2012-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Identification of total number of miRNAs even in completely sequenced organisms is still an open problem. However, researchers have been using techniques that can predict limited number of miRNA in an organism. In this paper, we have used homology based approach for comparative analysis of miRNA of hexapoda group .We have used Apis mellifera, Bombyx mori, Anopholes gambiae and Drosophila melanogaster miRNA datasets from miRBase repository. We have done pair wise as well as multiple alignments for the available miRNAs in the repository to identify and analyse conserved regions among related species. Unfortunately, to the best of our knowledge, miRNA related literature does not provide in depth analysis of hexapods. We have made an attempt to derive the commonality among the miRNAs and to identify the conserved regions which are still not available in miRNA repositories. The results are good approximation with a small number of mis...

  9. Standard Practice for Irradiation of Fresh and Frozen Red Meat and Poultry to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice outlines procedures for the irradiation of fresh or frozen meat and poultry. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines meat as “the edible part of any mammal” and poultry as “any domesticated bird, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons” (CAC/MISC 5). Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This practice covers absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load in fresh and frozen red meat and poultry. Such doses are typically less than 10 kGy. 1.3 This practice addresses irradiation of pre-packaged product for retail sale or for use as an ingredient in other products. It also addresses the in-line irradiation of unpackaged product. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It i...

  10. Chimeric human parainfluenza virus bearing the Ebola virus glycoprotein as the sole surface protein is immunogenic and highly protective against Ebola virus challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bukreyev, Alexander Marzi, Andrea; Feldmann, Friederike; Zhang Liqun; Dorward, David W.; Pickles, Raymond J.; Feldmann, Heinz; Collins, Peter L.

    2009-01-20

    We generated a new live-attenuated vaccine against Ebola virus (EBOV) based on a chimeric virus HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP that contains the EBOV glycoprotein (GP) as the sole transmembrane envelope protein combined with the internal proteins of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3). Electron microscopy analysis of the virus particles showed that they have an envelope and surface spikes resembling those of EBOV and a particle size and shape resembling those of HPIV3. When HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP was inoculated via apical surface of an in vitro model of human ciliated airway epithelium, the virus was released from the apical surface; when applied to basolateral surface, the virus infected basolateral cells but did not spread through the tissue. Following intranasal (IN) inoculation of guinea pigs, scattered infected cells were detected in the lungs by immunohistochemistry, but infectious HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP could not be recovered from the lungs, blood, or other tissues. Despite the attenuation, the virus was highly immunogenic, and a single IN dose completely protected the animals against a highly lethal intraperitoneal challenge of guinea pig-adapted EBOV.

  11. Multi-Bunch Simulations of the ILC for Luminosity Performance Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, G.; /SLAC /Queen Mary, U. of London; Walker, N.; /DESY; Schulte, D.; /CERN

    2005-07-11

    To study the luminosity performance of the International Linear Collider (ILC) with different design parameters, a simulation was constructed that tracks a multi-bunch representation of the beam from the Damping Ring extraction through to the Interaction Point. The simulation code PLACET is used to simulate the LINAC, MatMerlin is used to track through the Beam Delivery System and GUINEA-PIG for the beam-beam interaction. Included in the simulation are ground motion and wakefield effects, intra-train fast feedback and luminosity-based feedback systems. To efficiently study multiple parameters/multiple seeds, the simulation is deployed on the Queen Mary High-Throughput computing cluster at Queen Mary, University of London, where 100 simultaneous simulation seeds can be run.

  12. C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (C-SAPR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

    2012-11-13

    The C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar (C-SAPR) is a scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 350-kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 125 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the C-SAPR is a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) -developed Hi-Q system operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. The ARM Climate Research Facility operates two C-SAPRs; one of them is deployed near the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility near the triangular array of X-SAPRs, and the second C-SAPR is deployed at ARM’s Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.

  13. Aerosolized neutral endopeptidase reverses ozone-induced airway hyperreactivity to substance P

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murlas, C.G.; Lang, Z.; Williams, G.J.; Chodimella, V. (Department of Medicine, Rush University, Chicago, IL (United States))

    1992-03-01

    The authors investigated the effects of ozone exposure (3.0 ppm, 2 h) on airway neutral endopeptidase (NEP) activity and bronchial reactivity to substance P in guinea pigs. Reactivity after ozone or air exposure was determined by measuring specific airway resistance in intact unanesthetized spontaneously breathing animals in response to increasing doses of intravenous substance P boluses. The effective dose of substance P (in micrograms) that produced a doubling of baseline specific airway resistance (ED200SP) was determined by interpolation of cumulative substance P dose-response curves. NEP activity was measured in tracheal homogenates made from each animal of other groups exposed to either ozone or room air. By reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography, this activity was characterized by the phosphoramidon-inhibitable cleavage of alanine-p-nitroaniline from succinyl-(Ala)3-p-nitroaniline in the presence of 100 microM amastatin. Mean values of the changes in log ED200SP were 0.27 +/- 0.07 (SE) for the ozone-exposed group and 0.08 +/- 0.04 for the air-exposed group. We found that phosphoramidon significantly increased substance P reactivity in the air-exposed animals (P less than 0.01), but it had no effect in the ozone-exposed group. This finding was associated with a significant reduction in tracheal homogenate NEP activity of ozone-exposed animals compared with controls: mean values were 18.1 +/- 1.9 nmol.min-1.mg protein-1 for the ozone-exposed group and 25.1 +/- 2.4 nmol.min-1.mg protein-1 for air-exposed animals (P less than 0.05). Inhalation of an aerosolized NEP preparation, partially purified from guinea pig kidney, reversed the substance P hyperreactivity produced by ozone exposure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  14. Energy consumption and economic development in West Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chima, C.M.

    1987-01-01

    This study evaluates the commercial energy sector of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Presently, an economic union exists between the 16 countries of West Africa that are members of ECOWAS. Although the ECOWAS region has plentiful resources of commercial energy, it faces problems in this sector for two reasons. First is the problem resulting from the diminishing traditional energy resources such as wood fuel and charcoal. Second, most ECOWAS members, except Nigeria, are net importers of commercial energy, and hence face a high import burden for oil. Liquid petroleum is the dominant form of commercial energy used in the ECOWAS despite the availability of other resources. This author basically argues that the best policy and strategy solution for dealing with energy problems is through a combination of regional cooperative effort, and a more-intensive country level. The intensity-of-use hypothesis is tested with case studies of Ghana, the Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. The results indicate that newly developing countries can deviate from the expectations of the hypothesis.

  15. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  16. Quantification of the epitope diversity of HIV-1-specific binding antibodies by peptide microarrays for global HIV-1 vaccine development

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stephenson, Kathryn E.; Neubauer, George H.; Reimer, Ulf; Pawlowski, Nikolaus; Knaute, Tobias; Zerweck, Johannes; Korber, Bette T.; Barouch, Dan H.

    2014-11-14

    An effective vaccine against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) will have to provide protection against a vast array of different HIV-1 strains. Current methods to measure HIV-1-specific binding antibodies following immunization typically focus on determining the magnitude of antibody responses, but the epitope diversity of antibody responses has remained largely unexplored. Here we describe the development of a global HIV-1 peptide microarray that contains 6564 peptides from across the HIV-1 proteome and covers the majority of HIV-1 sequences in the Los Alamos National Laboratory global HIV-1 sequence database. Using this microarray, we quantified the magnitude, breadth, and depth ofmore »IgG binding to linear HIV-1 sequences in HIV-1-infected humans and HIV-1-vaccinated humans, rhesus monkeys and guinea pigs. The microarray measured potentially important differences in antibody epitope diversity, particularly regarding the depth of epitope variants recognized at each binding site. Our data suggest that the global HIV-1 peptide microarray may be a useful tool for both preclinical and clinical HIV-1 research.« less

  17. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01

    The computer program LFSC () is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  18. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2015-04-01

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largely dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.

  19. Human radiation experiments associated with the US Department of Energy and its predecessors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1995-07-01

    This document contains a listing, description, and selected references for documented human radiation experiments sponsored, supported, or performed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) or its predecessors, including the US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), and the Off ice of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD). The list represents work completed by DOE`s Off ice of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE) through June 1995. The experiment list is available on the Internet via a Home Page on the World Wide Web (http://www.ohre.doe.gov). The Home Page also includes the full text of Human Radiation Experiments. The Department of Energy Roadmap to the Story and the Records (DOE/EH-0445), published in February 1995, to which this publication is a supplement. This list includes experiments released at Secretary O`Leary`s June 1994 press conference, as well as additional studies identified during the 12 months that followed. Cross-references are provided for experiments originally released at the press conference; for experiments released as part of The DOE Roadmap; and for experiments published in the 1986 congressional report entitled American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on US Citizens. An appendix of radiation terms is also provided.

  20. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. The Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site is one of the four fixed sites. It consists of three climate research facilities; the Manus facility on Los Negros Island in Manus, Papua New Guinea (established in 1996); the Nauru facility on Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru (1998); and the Darwin facility in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia (2002). The operations are supported by government agencies in each host country. Covering the area roughly between 10 degrees N and 10 degrees S of the equator and from 130 degrees E to 167 degrees E, the TWP locale includes a region that plays a large role in the interannual variability observed in the global climate system. More than 250,000 TWP data sets from 1996 to the present reside in the ARM Archive. Begin at the TWP information page for links or access data directly from the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  1. Importance of sulfation of gastrin or cholecystokinin (CCK) on affinity for gastrin and CCK receptors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, S.C.; Yu, D.H.; Wank, S.A.; Mantey, S.; Gardner, J.D.; Jensen, R.T. (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD (USA))

    1989-07-01

    We investigated the importance of sulfation of gastrin or cholecystokinin (CCK) on influencing their affinity for gastrin or CCK receptors by comparing the abilities of sulfated gastrin-17 (gastrin-17-II), desulfated gastrin-17 (gastrin-17-I), CCK-8 and desulfated CCK-8 (des(SO3)CCK-8) to interact with CCK or gastrin receptors on guinea pig pancreatic acini. For inhibiting binding of 125I-gastrin to gastrin receptors, gastrin-17-II (Kd 0.08 nM) greater than CCK-8 (Kd 0.4 nM) greater than gastrin-17-I (Kd 1.5 nM) greater than des(SO3)CCK-8 (Kd 28 nM). For inhibiting binding of 125I-Bolton Hunter-labeled CCK-8 to CCK receptors the relative potencies were: CCK-8 much greater than des(SO3)CCK-8 = gastrin-17-II greater than gastrin-17-I. Each peptide interacted with both high and low affinity CCK binding sites. The relative abilities of each peptide to interact with high affinity CCK receptors showed a close correlation with their abilities to cause half-maximal stimulation of enzyme secretion. These results demonstrate that, in contrast to older studies, sulfation of both CCK and gastrin increase their affinities for both gastrin and CCK receptors. Moreover, the gastrin receptor is relatively insensitive to the position of the sulfate moiety, whereas the CCK receptor is extremely sensitive to both the presence and exact position of the sulfate moiety.

  2. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  3. Assessing health impacts in complex eco-epidemiological settings in the humid tropics: Modular baseline health surveys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winkler, Mirko S.; Divall, Mark J.; Krieger, Gary R.; Schmidlin, Sandro; Magassouba, Mohamed L.; Knoblauch, Astrid M.; Singer, Burton H.; Utzinger, Juerg

    2012-02-15

    The quantitative assessment of health impacts has been identified as a crucial feature for realising the full potential of health impact assessment (HIA). In settings where demographic and health data are notoriously scarce, but there is a broad range of ascertainable ecological, environmental, epidemiological and socioeconomic information, a diverse toolkit of data collection strategies becomes relevant for the mainly small-area impacts of interest. We present a modular, cross-sectional baseline health survey study design, which has been developed for HIA of industrial development projects in the humid tropics. The modular nature of our toolkit allows our methodology to be readily adapted to the prevailing eco-epidemiological characteristics of a given project setting. Central to our design is a broad set of key performance indicators, covering a multiplicity of health outcomes and determinants at different levels and scales. We present experience and key findings from our modular baseline health survey methodology employed in 14 selected sentinel sites within an iron ore mining project in the Republic of Guinea. We argue that our methodology is a generic example of rapid evidence assembly in difficult-to-reach localities, where improvement of the predictive validity of the assessment and establishment of a benchmark for longitudinal monitoring of project impacts and mitigation efforts is needed.

  4. Spatial Variability of Surface Irradiance Measurements at the Manus ARM Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura D.; Long, Charles N.

    2014-05-16

    The location of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site on Manus island in Papua New Guinea was chosen because it is very close the coast, in a geographically at, near-sea level area of the island, minimizing the impact of local island effects on the meteorology of the measurements [Ackerman et al., 1999]. In this study, we confirm that the Manus site is in deed less impacted by the island meteorology than slightly inland by comparing over a year of broadband surface irradiance and ceilometer measurements and derived quantities at the standard Manus site and a second location 7 km away as part of the AMIE-Manus campaign. The two sites show statistically similar distributions of irradiance and other derived quantities for all wind directions except easterly winds, when the inland site is down wind from the standard Manus site. Under easterly wind conditions, which occur 17% of the time, there is a higher occurrence of cloudiness at the down wind site likely do to land heating and orographic effects. This increased cloudiness is caused by shallow, broken clouds often with bases around 700 m in altitude. While the central Manus site consistently measures a frequency of occurrence of low clouds (cloud base height less than 1200 m) about 25+4% regardless of wind direction, the AMIE site has higher frequencies of low clouds (38%) when winds are from the east. This increase in low, locally produced clouds causes an additional -20 W/m2 shortwave surface cloud radiative effect at the AMIE site in easterly conditions than in other meteorological conditions that exhibit better agreement between the two sites.

  5. Late Ordovician geographic patterns of extinction compared with simulations of astrophysical ionizing radiation damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian L. Melott; Brian C. Thomas

    2009-02-02

    Based on the intensity and rates of various kinds of intense ionizing radiation events such as supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, it is likely that the Earth has been subjected to one or extinction level events during the Phanerozoic. These induce changes in atmospheric chemistry so that the level of Solar ultraviolet-B radiation reaching the surface and near-surface waters may be doubled for up to a decade. This UVB level is known from experiment to be more than enough to kill off many kinds of organisms, particularly phytoplankton. It could easily induce a crash of the photosynthetic-based food chain in the oceans. Regularities in the latitudinal distribution of damage are apparent in simulations of the atmospheric changes. We previously proposed that the late Ordovician extinction is a plausible candidate for a contribution from an ionizing radiation event, based on environmental selectivity in trilobites. To test a null hypothesis based on this proposal, we confront latitudinal differential extinction rates predicted from the simulations with data from a published analysis of latitudinal gradients in the Ordovician extinction. The pattern of UVB damage always shows a strong maximum at some latitude, with substantially lower intensity to the north and south of this maximum. We find that the pattern of damage predicted from our simulations is consistent with the data assuming a burst approximately over the South Pole, and no further north than -75 degrees. We predict that any land mass (such as parts of north China, Laurentia, and New Guinea) which then lay north of the equator should be a refuge from UVB effects, and show a different pattern of extinction in the first strike of the end-Ordovician extinction, if induced by such a radiation event.

  6. Radiative Heating of the ISCCP Upper Level Cloud Regimes and its Impact on the Large-scale Tropical Circulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Wei; Schumacher, Courtney; McFarlane, Sally A.

    2013-01-31

    Radiative heating profiles of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud regimes (or weather states) were estimated by matching ISCCP observations with radiative properties derived from cloud radar and lidar measurements from the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) sites at Manus, Papua New Guinea, and Darwin, Australia. Focus was placed on the ISCCP cloud regimes containing the majority of upper level clouds in the tropics, i.e., mesoscale convective systems (MCSs), deep cumulonimbus with cirrus, mixed shallow and deep convection, and thin cirrus. At upper levels, these regimes have average maximum cloud occurrences ranging from 30% to 55% near 12 km with variations depending on the location and cloud regime. The resulting radiative heating profiles have maxima of approximately 1 K/day near 12 km, with equal heating contributions from the longwave and shortwave components. Upper level minima occur near 15 km, with the MCS regime showing the strongest cooling of 0.2 K/day and the thin cirrus showing no cooling. The gradient of upper level heating ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 K/(day?km), with the most convectively active regimes (i.e., MCSs and deep cumulonimbus with cirrus) having the largest gradient. When the above heating profiles were applied to the 25-year ISCCP data set, the tropics-wide average profile has a radiative heating maximum of 0.45Kday-1 near 250 hPa. Column-integrated radiative heating of upper level cloud accounts for about 20% of the latent heating estimated by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR). The ISCCP radiative heating of tropical upper level cloud only slightly modifies the response of an idealized primitive equation model forced with the tropics-wide TRMM PR latent heating, which suggests that the impact of upper level cloud is more important to large-scale tropical circulation variations because of convective feedbacks rather than direct forcing by the cloud radiative heating profiles. However, the height of the radiative heating maxima and gradient of the heating profiles are important to determine the sign and patterns of the horizontal circulation anomaly driven by radiative heating at upper levels.

  7. Anti-addiction drug ibogaine inhibits voltage-gated ionic currents: A study to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, Xaver; Kovar, Michael; Rubi, Lena; Mike, Agnes K.; Lukacs, Peter; Gawali, Vaibhavkumar S.; Todt, Hannes [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Hilber, Karlheinz, E-mail: karlheinz.hilber@meduniwien.ac.at [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Neurophysiology and -pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Sandtner, Walter [Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2013-12-01

    The plant alkaloid ibogaine has promising anti-addictive properties. Albeit not licenced as a therapeutic drug, and despite hints that ibogaine may perturb the heart rhythm, this alkaloid is used to treat drug addicts. We have recently reported that ibogaine inhibits human ERG (hERG) potassium channels at concentrations similar to the drugs affinity for several of its known brain targets. Thereby the drug may disturb the heart's electrophysiology. Here, to assess the drug's cardiac ion channel profile in more detail, we studied the effects of ibogaine and its congener 18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC) on various cardiac voltage-gated ion channels. We confirmed that heterologously expressed hERG currents are reduced by ibogaine in low micromolar concentrations. Moreover, at higher concentrations, the drug also reduced human Na{sub v}1.5 sodium and Ca{sub v}1.2 calcium currents. Ion currents were as well reduced by 18-MC, yet with diminished potency. Unexpectedly, although blocking hERG channels, ibogaine did not prolong the action potential (AP) in guinea pig cardiomyocytes at low micromolar concentrations. Higher concentrations (? 10 ?M) even shortened the AP. These findings can be explained by the drug's calcium channel inhibition, which counteracts the AP-prolonging effect generated by hERG blockade. Implementation of ibogaine's inhibitory effects on human ion channels in a computer model of a ventricular cardiomyocyte, on the other hand, suggested that ibogaine does prolong the AP in the human heart. We conclude that therapeutic concentrations of ibogaine have the propensity to prolong the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in humans. In some cases this may lead to cardiac arrhythmias. - Highlights: • We study effects of anti-addiction drug ibogaine on ionic currents in cardiomyocytes. • We assess the cardiac ion channel profile of ibogaine. • Ibogaine inhibits hERG potassium, sodium and calcium channels. • Ibogaine’s effects on ion channels are a potential source of cardiac arrhythmias. • 18-Methoxycoronaridine has a lower affinity for cardiac ion channels than ibogaine.