Sample records for gallons butane c4h10

  1. eGallon Methodology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the “electric gallon” -- or “eGallon.” Learn how the eGallon is calculated.

  2. Efficient Energy Usage in Butane Splitters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnwell, J.; Morris, C. P.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A World surplus of mixed butanes coupled with an increased need for gasoline extenders has raised the demand for isobutane. Isobutane is readily separated from an admixture with normal butane by conventional distillation techniques. However...

  3. DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water July...

  4. Etherify field butanes: Part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarathy, P.R. (John Brown, Houston, TX (United States)); Suffridge, G.S. (John Brown, Tulsa, OK (United States))

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Worldwide interest in technical details concerning major components of world-scale MTBE complexes continues. Part 1 reviewed alternate scenarios for MTBE production and basic technological considerations to assess component processes for producing MTBE. Commercial technologies and cost considerations for world-scale MTBE complexes call for a focus on butane isomerization, isobutane dehydrogenation and isobutylene etherification. The paper describes isomerization; four commercial processes for dehydrogenation (Oleflex, Catofin, STAR, and FBD-4 processes); three methods for etherification (fixed bed with recycle, fixed bed tubular reactor, and catalytic distillation); and capital and production costs for the MTBE complex.

  5. eGallon | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|IdahotheWhat is the FOIA ? WhatWorkHolidayseGallon

  6. eGallon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad Cholesterol Your Density Isn'tMarch 2014l c c f ` b =eGallon

  7. Ignition properties of n-butane and iso-butane in a rapid compression machine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gersen, S.; Darmeveil, J.H. [Gasunie Engineering and Technology, P.O. Box 19, 9700 MA Groningen (Netherlands); Mokhov, A.V. [Laboratory for Fuel and Combustion Science, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Levinsky, H.B. [Gasunie Engineering and Technology, P.O. Box 19, 9700 MA Groningen (Netherlands); Laboratory for Fuel and Combustion Science, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Autoignition delay times of n-butane and iso-butane have been measured in a Rapid Compression Machine in the temperature range 660-1010 K, at pressures varying from 14 to 36 bar and at equivalence ratios {phi} = 1.0 and {phi} = 0.5. Both butane isomers exhibit a negative-temperature-coefficient (NTC) region and, at low temperatures, two-stage ignition. At temperatures below {proportional_to}900 K, the delay times for iso-butane are longer than those for the normal isomer, while above this temperature both butanes give essentially the same results. At temperatures above {proportional_to}720 K the delay times of the lean mixtures are twice those for stoichiometric compositions; at T < 720 K, the equivalence ratio is seen to have little influence on the ignition behavior. Increasing the pressure from 15 bar to 30 bar decreases the amplitude of the NTC region, and reduces the ignition delay time for both isomers by roughly a factor of 3. In the region in which two-stage ignition is observed, 680-825 K, the duration of the first ignition stage decreases sharply in the range 680-770 K, but is essentially flat above 770 K. Good quantitative agreement is found between the measurements and calculations for n-butane using a comprehensive model for butane ignition, including both delay times in the two-stage region, with substantial differences being observed for iso-butane, particularly in the NTC region. (author)

  8. Firing Excess Refinery Butane in Peaking Gas Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavone, A.; Schreiber, H.; Zwillenberg, M.

    normal butane production, which will reduce refinery normal butane value and price. Explored is an opportunity for a new use for excess refinery normal butane- as a fuel for utility peaking gas turbines which currently fire kerosene and #2 oil. Our paper...

  9. Firing Excess Refinery Butane in Peaking Gas Turbines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavone, A.; Schreiber, H.; Zwillenberg, M.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    normal butane production, which will reduce refinery normal butane value and price. Explored is an opportunity for a new use for excess refinery normal butane- as a fuel for utility peaking gas turbines which currently fire kerosene and #2 oil. Our paper...

  10. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This month, we're updating eGallon prices and taking a look at how the U.S. electric vehicle market continues to strengthen.

  11. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of...

  12. Adsorption of iso-/n-butane on an Anatase Thin Film: A Molecular...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    iso-n-butane on an Anatase Thin Film: A Molecular Beam Scattering and TDS Study. Adsorption of iso-n-butane on an Anatase Thin Film: A Molecular Beam Scattering and TDS Study....

  13. WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koban, Nic

    WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write your monthly gasoline cost C in terms of the distance D that you travel each month

  14. Butane segregated by fluorides, olefins content at Texas terminals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas Eastern Products Pipeline Co., Houston (Teppco), this month has begun segregating butane streams at the company's Mont Belvieu and Baytown, Texas terminals according to fluoride and olefin contents. Streams containing fluoride or an olefin content greater than 1 ppm (or both) currently flow into Teppco's south Mont Belvieu terminal. Those fluoride-free streams with less than 1 ppm of olefins flow to its north Mont Belvieu terminal. Butane processed through an isomerization unit yields isobutane, a key component in MTBE. But high-fluoride butane from crude-oil refineries using hydrofluoric (HF) acid alkylation units cannot be used to produce MTBE because fluoride will damage isomerization units' process catalysts. Olefins also affect the efficiency of isomerization units, but less critically than fluorides. Their presence is higher in refinery product than in fractionated NGL. To extend the life of their process catalysts and to maximize yields, producers (including MTBE and isomerization unit operators) are specifying low-fluoride butanes developed from natural-gas fractionators or from refineries that do not use an HF process.

  15. Neutron Screening Measurements of 110 gallon drums at T Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mozhayev, Andrey V.; Hilliard, James R.; Berg, Randal K.

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Nondestructive Assay (NDA) Service Center was contracted to develop and demonstrate a simple and inexpensive method of assaying 110 gallon drums at the Hanford Site’s T-Plant. The drums contained pucks of crushed old drums used for storage of transuranic (TRU) waste. The drums were to be assayed to determine if they meet the criteria for TRU or Low Level Waste (LLW). Because of the dense matrix (crushed steel drums) gamma measurement techniques were excluded and a mobile, configurable neutron system, consisting of four sequentially connected slab detectors was chosen to be used for this application. An optimum measurement configuration was determined through multiple test measurements with californium source. Based on these measurements the initial calibration of the system was performed applying the isotopic composition for aged weapon-grade plutonium. A series of background and blank puck drum measurements allowed estimating detection limits for both total (singles) and coincidence (doubles) counting techniques. It was found that even conservative estimates for minimum detection concentration using singles count rate were lower than the essential threshold of 100 nCi/g. Whereas the detection limit of coincidence counting appeared to be about as twice as high of the threshold. A series of measurements intended to verify the technique and revise the initial calibration obtained were performed at the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) facility with plutonium standards. Standards with a total mass of 0.3 g of plutonium (which is estimated to be equivalent of 100 nCi/g for net waste weight of 300 kg) loaded in the test puck drum were clearly detected. The following measurements of higher plutonium loadings verified the calibration factors obtained in the initial exercise. The revised and established calibration factors were also confirmed within established uncertainties by additional measurements of plutonium standards in various locations in the test drum. Due to necessity to dispense the blank test drum an alternative method of baseline determination was established during field measurements. Count rates of ambient background were corrected by the differences between observed background and blank test drum count rates which were previously determined over a series of measurements. Only 31 drums out of 352 counted during the intensive measurement campaign at T-Plant were determined to be Suspect TRU. 25 of these drums were re-measured at the WRAP facility using the SuperHENC. Of the 25 drums measured, 21 were confirmed to be TRU and the remaining four LLW.

  16. ADSORPTION AND BONDING OF BUTANE AND PENTANE ON THE Pt(111) CRYSTAL SURFACES. EFFECTS OF OXYGEN TREATMENTS AND DEUTERIUM PREADSORPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salmeron, M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    which may be due to its adsorption on D-covered regions.of Physical Chemistry ADSORPTION AND BONDING OF BUTANE ANDof California. LBL 12617 ADSORPTION AND BONDING OF BUTANE

  17. Beyond a Billion: Clean Cities Coaliations Have Displaced More Than a Billion Gallons of Gasoline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, DOE's Clean Cities achieved a milestone - displacing the equivalent of more than 1 billion gallons of gasoline since 1994. This fact sheet describes how Clean Cities achieved this goal.

  18. Improving fractionation lowers butane sulfur level at Saudi gas plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Martinie, G.D.; Rahman, A. [Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1998-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing the debutanizer reflux/feed ratio to improve fractionation at an eastern Saudi Arabian NGL plant reduced high sulfur in the butane product. The sulfur resulted from dimethyl sulfide (DMS) contamination in the feed stream from an offshore crude-oil reservoir in the northern Arabian Gulf. The contamination is limited to two northeastern offshore gas-oil separation plants operated by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) and, therefore, cannot be transported to facilities outside the Eastern Province. Two technically acceptable solutions for removing this contaminant were investigated: 13X molecular-sieve adsorption of the DMS and increased fractionation efficiency. The latter would force DMS into the debutanizer bottoms.

  19. 40 Gallon Challenge issues a call to reduce residential water use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinrich, Katie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    16 txH2O Fall 2013 Story by Katie Heinrich The #22;#30; Gallon Challenge, a nationwide residential water-conservation program, is helping Texans save water in ways new to them. #29;e continuing drought, coupled with increasing water demands... due to population growth, has elevated the importance of such conservation programs. #29;e program challenges participants to save #22;#30; gallons of water a day by implementing water-conserving practices, said Dr. Diane Boellstor#17;, Texas...

  20. Development of a model for predicting transient hydrogen venting in 55-gallon drums

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apperson, Jason W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clemmons, James S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Michael D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sur, John C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Duan Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Romero, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote drum venting was performed on a population of unvented high activity drums (HAD) in the range of 63 to 435 plutonium equivalent Curies (PEC). These 55-gallon Transuranic (TRU) drums will eventually be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). As a part of this process, the development of a calculational model was required to predict the transient hydrogen concentration response of the head space and polyethylene liner (if present) within the 55-gallon drum. The drum and liner were vented using a Remote Drum Venting System (RDVS) that provided a vent sampling path for measuring flammable hydrogen vapor concentrations and allow hydrogen to diffuse below lower flammability limit (LFL) concentrations. One key application of the model was to determine the transient behavior of hydrogen in the head space, within the liner, and the sensitivity to the number of holes made in the liner or number of filters. First-order differential mass transport equations were solved using Laplace transformations and numerically to verify the results. the Mathematica 6.0 computing tool was also used as a validation tool and for examining larger than two chamber systems. Results will be shown for a variety of configurations, including 85-gallon and 110-gallon overpack drums. The model was also validated against hydrogen vapor concentration assay measurements.

  1. the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon #12;Contents Executive summary 2 Chapter 1: Introduction 6 Chapter 2: Industrial biofuels ­ the context 8 What's driving the EU industrial biofuel boom? 9 Chapter 3: What's wrong with industrial biofuels? 12 Industrial

  2. Benzene is an important industrial chemical (> 2 billion gallons produced annually in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Benzene is an important industrial chemical (> 2 billion gallons produced annually in the United leukemia (Snyder 2002). However, the mechanisms of benzene-induced hematotoxicity and leukemo- genesis further light on these mechanisms and better understand the risk benzene poses, we examined the effects

  3. Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carriquiry, Alicia

    Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of vehicles proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standard for cars and trucks. In 2004, American cars needed to achieve an average fuel economy of 27.5 miles per gallon (MPG) while light trucks needed

  4. The Scale of the Energy Challenge 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons of coal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    and rooftops in the United States. The total land area required by nuclear power plants is small! Ã? 20 15The Scale of the Energy Challenge Biomass Wind Nuclear Solar 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons

  5. eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeriesDepartment ofConstructioneGIS PortaleGallon:

  6. Surface Adsorption Isotherms and Surface Excess Densities of n-Butane in Silicalite-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Surface Adsorption Isotherms and Surface Excess Densities of n-Butane in Silicalite-1 Isabella 27, 2008. ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed NoVember 13, 2008 We present isotherms for the adsorption of n were considered: a flat surface having only one adsorption site and a surface with a zigzag texture

  7. METHANE AND n-BUTANE OXIDATION WITH CO2 UNDER RADIOFREQUENCY PLASMAS OF MODERATE PRESSURES (*)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the gas to the reactor walls. It is capacitively coupled to the radiofrequency generator (35 MHz, 10 k ) and constant pressure of 20 torr. Experimental details on discharges parameters, sampling procedure, gas analy1205 METHANE AND n-BUTANE OXIDATION WITH CO2 UNDER RADIOFREQUENCY PLASMAS OF MODERATE PRESSURES

  8. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

  9. Production of olefins by oxidative dehydrogenation of propane and butane over monoliths at short contact times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huff, M.; Schmidt, L.D. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)] [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The autothermal production of olefins from propane or n-butane by oxidative dehydrogenation and cracking in air or oxygen at atmospheric pressure over noble metal coated ceramic foam monoliths at contact times of {approximately}5 milliseconds has been studied. On Pt, synthesis gas (CO and H{sub 2}) dominates near its stoichiometry, while olefin production dominates at higher fuel-to-oxygen ratios. No carbon buildup is observed, and catalysts exhibit no deactivation over at least several days. On Rh, primarily synthesis gas is produced under these conditions, while on Pd, carbon deposition rapidly deactivates the catalyst. The authors observed up to 65% selectivity to olefins at nearly 100% conversion of propane or n-butane with a catalyst contact time of 5 ms. Ethylene selectivity is maximized by increasing the reaction temperature, either by preheating the reactants or by using oxygen enriched air. Propylene selectivity is maximized by lower temperature and shorter catalyst contact time. Very small amounts alkanes and higher molecular weight species are obtained, suggesting that a homogeneous pyrolysis mechanism is not occurring. A very simple reaction mechanism appears to explain the observed product distribution. Reactions are initiated by oxidative dehydrogenation of the alkane by adsorbed oxygen to form a surface alkyl. On Pt, {beta}-hydrogen and {beta}-alkyl elimination reactions of adsorbed alkyl dominate which lead to olefin production rather than cracking to C{sub s} and H{sub s}. 24 refs., 14 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. Support shape effect in metal oxide catalysis: ceria nanoshapes supported vanadia catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of iso-butane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Zili [ORNL; Schwartz, Viviane [ORNL; Li, Meijun [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The activation energy of VOx/CeO2 catalysts in oxidative dehydrogenation of iso-butane was found dependent on the shape of ceria support: rods < octahedra, closely related to the surface oxygen vacancy formation energy and defects amount of the two ceria supports with different crystallographic surface planes.

  11. Problems #3, Math 204, Dr. M. Bohner. Sep 10, 2003. Due Sep 15, 11 am. 12. A tank has ten gallons of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohner, Martin

    of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with 1.5 pound of salt per gallon enters

  12. LIDEM unit for the production of methyl tert-butyl ether from butanes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudin, M.G.; Zadvornov, M.A.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the basic problems in the production of motor fuels is how to obtain high-octane unleaded gasolines that will meet today`s ecological requirements. The term {open_quotes}reformulated gasolines{close_quotes} has come into general use throughout the world to denote fuels with a certain chemical composition. These gasolines consist of preselected components; as shown by worldwide experience, they must include oxygen-containing compounds that are distinguished by high octane numbers and low reactivities. Standards in effect in the United States, Japan, and certain Western European countries require that automotive gasolines must contain at least 2-4% by weight of oxygen-containing compounds (calculated as oxygen). In the last 15 years, in order to meet these requirements, production has been set up in various countries for the manufacture of high-octane oxygen-containing components known as oxygenates. The most common of these is methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), obtained by etherification of isobutene by methanol. Process technology developed by this last organization was used as the basis for constructing a unit in the Nizhnekamskneftekhim Production Association and at the Mazheikyai Petroleum Refinery in Lithuania. MTBE production has been held back mainly by a shortage of isobutene, which is obtained mainly from butane-butene cuts produced in cat crackers. In order to alleviate this shortage, it has been proposed that MTBE should be obtained from saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons that are recovered in processing oilfield associated gas, and also in the refinery from primary distillation units, catalytic reformers, and hydrocrackers. A working design was developed in 1991-1992 by Lengiproneftekhim for a basically new combination unit designed for the processing of saturated C{sub 4} hydrocarbons, which has been termed the LIDEM unit (Leningrad - isomerization - dehydrogenation - MTBE).

  13. Kinetic and inhibition studies for the aerobic cometabolism of 1,1,1-trichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethylene, and 1,1-dichloroethane by a butane-grown mixed culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semprini, Lewis

    was indicated from direct linear plots, and the CAHs also competitively inhibited butane utilization. 1,1-DCE indicator of competitive inhibition observed. Butane was a strong inhibitor of CAH transformation, having different inhibition types were observed among the compounds. Competitive inhibition among CAHs

  14. The Astrophysical Journal, 790:38 (10pp), 2014 July 20 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/790/1/38 C 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    hydrocarbons 1-butene (C4H8) and n-butane (C4H10). By tracing the temporal evolution of the newly formed hydrocarbons (acetylene (C2H2), ethylene (C2H4), ethane (C2H6), methylacetylene (CH3CCH), propane (C3H8. 2011; Dangi et al. 2013) and even polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as naphthalene (Parker

  15. Statistical thermodynamics of 1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, and butanal Prasenjit Seal, Ewa Papajak, Tao Yu, and Donald G. Truhlar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truhlar, Donald G

    -body decomposition of ethanedial, propanal, propenal, n-butane, 1-butene, and 1,3-butadiene J. Chem. Phys. 136 investigation is to calculate partition functions and thermodynamic quan- tities, viz., entropy, enthalpy, heat- tant roles in alternative-fuel combustion.1­5 Therefore, accu- rate estimation of the thermodynamic

  16. Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, P

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

  17. Feasibility study report for the Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery: a 14. 9-million-gallon-per-year ethanol synfuel refinery utilizing geothermal energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction and operation of a 14,980,000 gallon per year fuel ethanol from grain refinery in the Imperial Valley of California is proposed. The Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery (refinery) will use hot geothermal fluid from geothermal resources at the East Mesa area as the source of process energy. In order to evaluate the economic viability of the proposed Project, exhaustive engineering, cost analysis, and financial studies have been undertaken. This report presents the results of feasibility studies undertaken in geothermal resource, engineering, marketing financing, management, environment, and permits and approvals. The conclusion of these studies is that the Project is economically viable. US Alcohol Fuels is proceeding with its plans to construct and operate the Refinery.

  18. eGallon-methodology-final

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThePatricia2012) | DepartmentAs a DOEReadyFull

  19. PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) Table A1 Molar mass, gas constant, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Table A­20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 Table A­21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon.1355 n-Butane C4H10 58.124 0.1430 425.2 3.80 0.2547 Carbon dioxide CO2 44.01 0.1889 304.2 7.39 0Appendix 1 PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) Table A­1 Molar mass, gas constant, and critical

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    natural gas is subject to a tax of 0.16 per diesel gallon equivalent. Compressed natural gas, butane, and propane are subject to a tax of 0.16 per gasoline gallon...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    gallon equivalent for liquefied natural gas and 0.11 per gasoline gallon equivalent for compressed natural gas, butane, or propane. (Reference Indiana Code 6-6-2.5 and 6-6-4.1-1...

  2. Educational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin Fill in the boxes below to find out how many gallons of water you need for your famil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of water per person. F o o d W at e r How many people are in your family? Number of gallons per person HowEducational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without out how many gallons of water you need for your family's emergency kit! Don't forget to pack

  3. Upgrade of 400,000 gallon water storage tank at Argonne National Laboratory-West to UCRL-15910 high hazard seismic requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, M.J. [EQE International, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States); Harris, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) Project at Argonne National Laboratory West (ANL-W), it was necessary to strengthen an existing 400,000 gallon flat-bottom water storage tank to meet UCRL-15910 (currently formulated as DOE Standard DOE-STD-1020-92, Draft) high hazard natural phenomena requirements. The tank was constructed in 1988 and preliminary calculations indicated that the existing base anchorage was insufficient to prevent buckling and potential failure during a high hazard seismic event. General design criteria, including ground motion input, load combinations, etc., were based upon the requirements of UCRL-15910 for high hazard facilities. The analysis and capacity assessment criteria were based on the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the foundation and installing additional anchor bolts and chairs, were necessary to increase the capacity of the tank anchorage/support system. The construction of the upgrades took place in 1992 while the tank remained in service to allow continued operation of the EBR-II reactor. The major phases of construction included the installation and testing of 144 1/14in. {times} 15in., and 366 1in. {times} 16in. epoxied concrete anchors, placement of 220 cubic yards of concrete heavily reinforced, and installation of 24 1-1/2in. {times} 60in. tank anchor bolts and chairs. A follow-up inspection of the tank interior by a diver was conducted to determine if the interior tank coating had been damaged by the chair welding. The project was completed on schedule and within budget.

  4. Host cells and methods for producing 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol, 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol, and 3-methyl-butan-1-ol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chou, Howard H. (Berkeley, CA); Keasling, Jay D. (Berkeley, CA)

    2011-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides for a method for producing a 5-carbon alcohol in a genetically modified host cell. In one embodiment, the method comprises culturing a genetically modified host cell which expresses a first enzyme capable of catalyzing the dephosphorylation of an isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) or dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), such as a Bacillus subtilis phosphatase (YhfR), under a suitable condition so that 5-carbon alcohol is 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol and/or 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol is produced. Optionally, the host cell may further comprise a second enzyme capable of reducing a 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol to 3-methyl-butan-1-ol, such as a reductase.

  5. Bimetallic Ni-Rh catalysts with low amounts of Rh for the steam and autothermal reforming of n-butane for fuel-cell applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrandon, M.; Kropf, A. J.; Krause, T.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Mono-metallic nickel and rhodium catalysts and bimetallic Ni-Rh catalysts supported on La-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, CeZrO{sub 2} and CeMgOx were prepared and evaluated for catalyzing the steam and autothermal reforming of n-butane. The binary Ni-Rh supported on La-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts with low weight loading of rhodium exhibited higher H{sub 2} yields than Ni or Rh alone. The Ni-Rh/CeZrO{sub 2} catalyst exhibited higher performance and no coke formation, compared to the same metals on other supports. A NiAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel phase was obtained on all Ni and Ni-Rh catalysts supported on La-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The presence of rhodium stabilized the spinel phase as well as NiOx species upon reforming while Ni alone was mostly reduced into metallic species. Extended X-ray absorption fine-structure analysis showed evidence of Ni-Rh alloy during preparation and even further after an accelerated aging at 900C in a H{sub 2}/H{sub 2}O atmosphere.

  6. Diesel prices top $4 per gallon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management FermiDavidDiesel pricesDiesel prices slightlyDieselDiesel

  7. eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeriesDepartment ofConstructioneGIS Portal

  8. Role of the reaction intermediates in determining PHIP (parahydrogen induced polarization) effect in the hydrogenation of acetylene dicarboxylic acid with the complex [Rh (dppb)]{sup +} (dppb: 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reineri, F.; Aime, S. [Department of Molecular Biotechnologies and Health Sciences, University of Torino, Via Nizza 52, 10123 Torino (Italy)] [Department of Molecular Biotechnologies and Health Sciences, University of Torino, Via Nizza 52, 10123 Torino (Italy); Gobetto, R.; Nervi, C. [Department of Chemistry, University of Torino, via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Torino, via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy)

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This study deals with the parahydrogenation of the symmetric substrate acetylene dicarboxylic acid catalyzed by a Rh(I) complex bearing the chelating diphosphine dppb (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane). The two magnetically equivalent protons of the product yield a hyperpolarized emission signal in the {sup 1}H-NMR spectrum. Their polarization intensity varies upon changing the reaction solvent from methanol to acetone. A detailed analysis of the hydrogenation pathway is carried out by means of density functional theory calculations to assess the structure of hydrogenation intermediates and their stability in the two solvents. The observed polarization effects have been accounted on the basis of the obtained structures. Insights into the lifetime of a short-lived reaction intermediate are also obtained.

  9. (2R)-4-Oxo-4[3-(Trifluoromethyl)-5,6-diihydro:1,2,4}triazolo[4,3-a}pyrazin-7(8H)-y1]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine: A Potent, Orally Active Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, D.; Wang, L.; Beconi, M.; Eiermann, G.; Fisher, M.; He, H.; Hickey, G.; Kowalchick, Jennifer; Leiting, Barbara; Lyons, K.; Marsilio, F.; McCann, F.; Patel, R.; Petrov, A.; Scapin, G.; Patel, S.; Roy, R.; Wu, J.; Wyvratt, M.; Zhang, B.; Zhu, L.; Thornberry, N.; Weber, A. (Merck)

    2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel series of {beta}-amino amides incorporating fused heterocycles, i.e., triazolopiperazines, were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (2R)-4-Oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine (1) is a potent, orally active DPP-IV inhibitor (IC{sub 50} = 18 nM) with excellent selectivity over other proline-selective peptidases, oral bioavailability in preclinical species, and in vivo efficacy in animal models. MK-0431, the phosphate salt of compound 1, was selected for development as a potential new treatment for type 2 diabetes.

  10. Blending Of Radioactive Salt Solutions In Million Gallon Tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R.

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 ? 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, ?One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory?. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks.

  11. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    market continues to grow, electric vehicles will play a key role in our effort to reduce air pollution and slow the effects of climate change." Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales...

  12. Blending of Radioactive Salt Solutions in Million Gallon Tanks - 13002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 - 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, 'One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory'. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks. (authors)

  13. Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrack graphics4Dimitri Kusnezov -Purpose(FY) 2014,News

  14. UNIVERSITYOFSOUTHCAROLINACAMPUSRECREATIONCAMPUSREC.SC.EDU Gallons of paper and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    by Outdoor Recreation March 1- 31 128 Total visits to Campus Recreation Facilities March 1­ 31 91,887 AprilTours of Campus Recreation facilities from March 1 ­ 31 113Participants in Intramural Sports March Madness Bracket Challenge Abandoned Bike Project Sees New Success The March Abandoned Bike Project Clinic

  15. Preliminary assessment of future refining impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadder, G.R.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A preliminary assessment of the future refining impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 has been performed with the Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting Systems. The assessment suggests that gasoline reformulation costs in domestic coastal and near-coastal refining regions in the year 2000 could be 3.5 to 5.6 cents per gallon (in terms of 1989 currency). For heating value equivalent to one gallon of conventional gasoline, the regional total added costs (including reformulation costs) for reformulated gasoline could be 5.9 to 8.0 cents. In blending reformulated gasolines, the reduction of butane for lower Reid vapor pressure and the reduction of reformate for lower aromatics are generally compensated by increased percentages of alkylate and/or straight run naphthas. Relatively larger refinery process capacity additions are required for butane isomerization, alkylation, aromatics recovery, and distillate hydrotreating. 21 refs., 3 figs., 18 tabs.

  16. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    look at year-on-year growth instead of month-to-month growth to determine market dynamics. July exhibits some of that same seasonality for the electric vehicle (EV) market....

  17. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrack graphics4DimitriJune 30, 2015Vehicles |

  18. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric Vehicle Sales

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrackEllen O'KaneSystemsDepartmentCarbonAll 50 States

  19. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|IdahotheWhat is the FOIA ? WhatWorkHolidays

  20. SRS Workers Moved Millions of Gallons of High-Level Waste Safely in 2014 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER 2913||

  1. eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeriesDepartment ofConstructioneGIS

  2. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad Cholesterol Your Density Isn'tMarch 2014l c c f ` b =

  3. Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment of Energy 0: April 11,4: May 9,from a

  4. Fact #809: December 23, 2013 What Do We Pay for in a Gallon of Gasoline? |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofofChoicesDepartmentDepartment of

  5. DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&DDepartmentContaminated Ground Water | Department of

  6. Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium TransferonUS-IndiaVALUEWaterWhereChinn WomenWorker

  7. Gasoline price forecast to stay below 3 dollar a gallon in 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name: Email:UraniumNatural Gas Survey

  8. Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads|ofEvents »SSL

  9. Reducing Petroleum, One Billion Gallons at a Time | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29, 2013RedbirdThis hybrid electric Prius

  10. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea:diesel6, 2015Declining fuel

  11. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea:diesel6, 2015Declining

  12. U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea:diesel6, 2015DecliningU.S.

  13. The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for PumpingThe Facts onDepartmentTheof Energy The

  14. Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric Vehicle Sales

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandard |in STEMEnergy Clean Energy FinanceEPA Air

  15. How Much Energy Does It Take to Make a Gallon of Soydiesel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football Highdefault SignInstitute /Do WindWorksMight aDo You

  16. "Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit:1996.......... 2.4Origin7,1,195,"AlabamaFuel

  17. Studying the Internal Ballistics of a Combustion Driven Potato Cannon using High-speed Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courtney, E D S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A potato cannon was designed to accommodate several different experimental propellants and have a transparent barrel so the movement of the projectile could be recorded on high-speed video (at 2000 frames per second). Both combustion chamber and barrel were made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Five experimental propellants were tested: propane (C3H8), acetylene (C2H2), ethanol (C2H6O), methanol (CH4O), and butane (C4H10). The amount of each experimental propellant was calculated to approximate a stoichometric mixture and considering the Upper Flammability Limit (UFL) and the Lower Flammability Limit (LFL), which in turn were affected by the volume of the combustion chamber. Cylindrical projectiles were cut from raw potatoes so that there was an airtight fit, and each weighed 50 (+/- 0.5) grams. For each trial, position as a function of time was determined via frame by frame analysis. Five trials were taken for each experimental propellant and the results analyzed to compute velocity and acceleration as functions...

  18. U.S. summer gasoline price to average 6 cents lower than last year at $3.63 a gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 Oil demand expected to risesummer

  19. U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea: U.S. Eastdieseldiesel

  20. Saving Energy and Reducing Emissions from the Regeneration Air System of a Butane Dehydrogenation Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, T. P.

    at 900 to 1100°F containing CO and VOC. By installing a furnace/heat recovery steam generator, Texas Petrochemicals achieved significant reductions of VOC, CO, and NOx, along with energy savings....

  1. Hydrodesulfurization of Thiophene and Benzothiophene to Butane and Ethylbenzene by a Homogeneous Iridium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, William D.

    in a dihydrogen environment, affording the hydrogenated organic products plus ad- sorbed sulfur or H2S. While many impurities such as thio- phenes, mercaptans, and quinolines are removed, mak- ing the oil amenable to further refining. Removal of the sulfur compounds, in particular, decreases the contribu- tions to acid rain

  2. The determination of compressibility factors of gaseous butane-nitrogen mixtures in the gas phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Robert Buckner

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . of mercury ejected from the mercury pump. TABLE OF NOMENCLATURE T R,: . . . . ................... . mercury pump reading expressed as apparent cc. of mercury remaining in the pump. R ..............................the gas constant - units as applicable... to a reading of -1, then rotated forward one turn. The calibration proceeded by measuring volume increments every ten turns. Ten minutes were allowed between increments to minimize thermal variations. The volume of mercury i ?-fO ejected at h5 C...

  3. ==================== !"#$%&'()*+,-+./,0)12 Development of Micro Ejector for Butane Catalytic Combustor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasagi, Nobuhide

    pumps ambient air to the combustion chamber by utilizing the vapor pressure of liquified fuel. Catalytic with the excessive heat of the exhaust gas. The advantage of using ejector is that air-entrainment is achieved without an additional air container or a micro pump, and thus the system should be simple, safe

  4. Direct photolysis of carbonyl compounds dissolved in cloud and fog~droplets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epstein, S. A; Tapavicza, E.; Furche, F.; Nizkorodov, S. A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    its ?,?-unsaturated analog acrolein, butanal and its ?,?-acid methacrolein propanal acrolein butanal crotonaldehyde 2acid methacrolein propanal acrolein butanal crotonaldehyde 2

  5. SIGMA-ALDRICH MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kyu Yong

    -2-PROPANOL 75-65-0 Yes Formula C4H10O Synonyms Alcool butylique tertiaire (French) * Arconol * t* FLAMMABILITY: 3 REACTIVITY: 0 NFPA RATING HEALTH: 2 FLAMMABILITY: 3 REACTIVITY: 0 *additional chronic hazards

  6. Vehicular emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a tunnel study in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ethene toluene n-butane propane i-pentane i-butane propeneethene, toluene, n-butane, propane and i-pentane. These fiveVOCs emitted. The high propane and n-butane emissions were

  7. J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, and Neopentane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    J. Am. Chem. SOC.1988, 110, 8305-8319 8305 Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n, Pasadena, California 91125. Received February I, 1988 Abstract: The hydrogenolysisof ethane, propane, n for ethane, propane, and neopentane involvesthe cleavage of a single carbon-carbon bond, resulting

  8. Faraday Discuss. Chem. SOC.,1989, 87, 337-344 Butane Hydrogenolysis over Single-crystal Rhodium Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    >propane. The hydrogenolysis reaction exhibits a good fit to Arrhenius behaviour for reaction temperatures surface coverage of hydrogen. The `roll over' affects product distribution, yielding more complete

  9. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, Jeffrey W.

    2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. This report is an update, and replaces the previous report by the same title issued April 2003. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  10. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Storage Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, J.W.; Nenni, J.A.; Yoder, T.S.

    2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, ''Radioactive Waste Management Manual.'' This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  11. Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-Gallon Radioactive Liquid Waste Tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, Jeffrey Whealdon; Nenni, Joseph A; Timothy S. Yoder

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a record of the Structural Integrity Program for the 300,000-gal liquid waste storage tanks and associated equipment at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as required by U.S. Department of Energy M 435.1-1, “Radioactive Waste Management Manual.” This equipment is known collectively as the Tank Farm Facility. The conclusion of this report is that the Tank Farm Facility tanks, vaults, and transfer systems that remain in service for storage are structurally adequate, and are expected to remain structurally adequate over the remainder of their planned service life through 2012. Recommendations are provided for continued monitoring of the Tank Farm Facility.

  12. How much do I pay? Our state gas tax is 20 per gallon. The average driver pays $9.52 a month in state fuel taxes. Of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in state fuel taxes. Of this, a nickel goes to public education. The monthly net to the highway fund is $7 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 $350 $400 $450 $500 California Florida Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas the 2030 Committee Report. Utilities $265 (includes gas, electricity, wastewater and garbage collection

  13. Thermoelectric-power water withdrawals by cooling type, 2005. [Values may not sum to totals because of independent rounding. All values are in million gallons per day

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermoelectric-power water withdrawals by cooling type, 2005. [Values may not sum to totals because,190 5,850 .33 .01 0 273 273 New Mexico.............. 0 0 0 0 0 10.4 0 45.5 0 55.9 New York

  14. Automatic flush valve performance (gallons per flush) measured from fixtures in a mixed-use classroom/office building at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lertbannaphong, Salilla

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    flush valve performance (gpf) of fixtures in a mixed use classroom building at Texas A&M University. Water consumption (gpf) among three types of fixtures; low-consumption manual, old optic automatic and improved optic automatic systems are measured...

  15. Vehicle engine use when no longer in transit; exceptions -Vehicle idling gets zero miles per gallon; unnecessary idling wastes fuel and pollutes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Vehicle engine use when no longer in transit; exceptions - Vehicle idling gets zero miles per, no University vehicle or piece of equipment is to be idled in a non-emergency situation. The operator of the vehicle/equipment is to turn-off the unit and the keys are to be removed from the ignition. EXEMPTIONS

  16. Chemical evolution of volatile organic compounds in the outflow of the Mexico City Metropolitan area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C-130 T0 T1 G1 Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-ppbv) Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane Propene i-Butane n-Butanee.g. , ethane, ethene, propane, propane, methanol, ethanol,

  17. Finding the missing stratospheric Bry: a global modeling study of CHBr3 and CH2Br2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C-130 T0 T1 G1 Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-ppbv) Ethane Ethene Ethyne Propane Propene i-Butane n-Butanee.g. , ethane, ethene, propane, propane, methanol, ethanol,

  18. Boreal forest fire emissions in fresh Canadian smoke plumes: C1-C10 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO2, CO, NO2, NO, HCN and CH3CN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    propene, acetone, benzene, propane and ?-pinene (Table 1).cyanide Acetonitrile Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-= Ethane Ethane Ethane Ethane Propane Propane Propane ARCTAS

  19. c33a.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings ......

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Gasoline and Diesel Gallon Equivalent Definition Motor fuels, including alternative fuels, may be sold by gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) as long...

  1. 4912r 2010 American Chemical Society pubs.acs.org/EF Energy Fuels 2010, 24, 49124918 : DOI:10.1021/ef1007962

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, �mer L.

    fractions of binary mixtures of butane isomers, ethylene-butane isomers, and propane- butane isomers were components under the same flame conditions. Binary mixtures of propane and butane isomers, however, did associated with potential interactions between pyrolysis pro- ducts of the hydrocarbons in the mixture

  2. EFFECT OF FUEL TYPE ON FLAME IGNITION BY TRANSIENT PLASMA Jianbang Liu1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT Rise and delay times of mixtures of methane, propane, n-butane, iso-butane and iso- octane mixed performance of various fuels including methane, propane, iso-butane, n-butane and iso-octane mixed with air with air ignited by transient plasma discharge were investigated and compared with spark discharge ignition

  3. AUTHORIZATION TO PURCHASE ALCOHOL Please provide the following information each time alcohol is ordered.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    : ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Order Quantity __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Stock # CX20442 CX20445 CX20460 CX20457 CX20461 Units Pint Gallon 5 Gallon Gallon 5 Gallon Description 200 Proof Ethyl Alcohol (Case of 24

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    fleet card. The program offers a rebate of 0.03 per gallon for purchases of less than 1,000 gallons of biofuel per month, and 0.05 per gallon for purchases of 1,000 gallons or...

  5. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    because diesel fuel contains 11% more BTUs per gallon thangenerators, in gallons-diesel fuel per million BTU of

  6. Lecture 4

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HO 2 107.4 3.458 C 3 H 8 266.8 4.982 O 80 2.75 C 4 H 10 357 5.176 O 2 107.4 3.458 benzene 464.8 5.29 OH 80 2.75 CO 98.1 3.65 C 71.4 3.298 CO 2 244 3.763 CH 80 2.75 N 2 97.53...

  7. Characterization of photochemical pollution at different elevations in mountainous areas in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and (b) i-butane vs. propane at TMS and TW. Fig. 4. Theand (b) i-butane vs. propane at TMS and TW. et al. , 2001;higher ratios of ethyne/propane and benzene/propane were

  8. Incompatible Chemicals The following list is to be used only as a general guideline. Please refer to your Material Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    , butane, methane, propane(or other petroleum gases), hydrogen, sodium carbide, benzene, finely divided other chemicals Hydrocarbons (such as butane, propane, benzene) Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, chromic) Tellurides Reducing Agents #12;CHEMICAL STORAGE GUIDELINES STORE MATERIALS OUTLINED BY BOXES SEPARATELY

  9. Requirements Hydrocarbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    . He considered two coolants: Butane and R134a (freon replacement used in auto air conditioners). About

  10. Molecular Properties of the "Ideal" Inhaled Anesthetic: Studies of Fluorinated Methanes, Ethanes, Propanes,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudlicky, Tomas

    , Propanes, and Butanes E. 1Eger, 11, MD*, J. Liu, MD*, D. D. Koblin, PhD, MDt, M. J. Laster, DVM*, S. Taheri unfluorinated, partially fluorinated, and perfluorinated methanes, ethanes, propanes, and butanes to define fluorinated methanes, ethanes, propanes, and butanes, also obtaining limited data on longer- chained alkanes

  11. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    4. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Fuel Oil Consumption Fuel Oil Expenditures per Building (gallons) per Square Foot (gallons) per...

  12. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1995 - present SITEPROCESS DESCRIPTION: Storage of waste oil in 5-gallon drums in plastic containment pan. WASTE DESCRIPTION: Waste oil. WASTE QUANTITY: Four 5-gallon drums...

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis with the exception of liquefied petroleum gas (propane), which is taxed on a diesel gallon equivalent basis. Special fuels include...

  14. Hydrogen Production CODES & STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .50/gallon gasoline equivalent ($1.50/kg delivered, untaxed) at the pump [without carbon sequestration

  15. 157Recent Events: A Perspective on Carbon Dioxide On March 21, 2010 the Eyjafjalla Volcano in Iceland erupted, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the combustion process. Problem 1 ­ The Gulf Oil Spill is predicted to generate 200,000 gallons of crude oil if the combustion of 1 gallon of oil generates 10 kg of carbon dioxide? Problem 2 ­ Scientists have estimated are generated if the combustion of 1 gallon of oil generates 10 kg of carbon dioxide? Answer: 200,000 gallons

  16. Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Songs 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Water Conservation Songs Gallon the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Cups, cups, cups of water, Running down the drain, It's my job to turn it off, I want to save that rain! Gallons, gallons, gallons of water Rushing

  17. Seeking Healthy Buildings By Eva Matsuzaki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyte, Michael

    - $3/gallon Price of water - $8/gallon Really??? #12;Indoor Air Quality Lack of proper ventilation of some of our existing conditions. Energy Materials Water Stress Indoor Air Quality What's wrong;Water consumption Average person in U.S. uses 90 gallons/day of potable water. (40 gallons

  18. Working Draft

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    gases-including nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, methane, ethane, and propane-and butanes and other volatile liquids) composition, and flash gas composition....

  19. Concentrations and Size Distributions of Particulate Matter Emissions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ECD-1 CRT CNG1 CNG2 Carbonyl Compounds (Air Toxics) Formaldehyde Acetaldehyde Acetone Acrolein Propionaldehyde Croton Methyl ethyl Ketone (MEK) Methylacrolein Butanal Benzaldehyde...

  20. Maximizing Power Output in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines and Enabling Effective Control of Combustion Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Energy Balance of Ethanol Fuels , for Applied Energyadditive are explored in Ethanol fuel. 8.2.1 Autoignition offuels Fuel Methane Propane Butane Gasoline Ethanol AFR

  1. Measuringthe Atomic or,Molecular Mass of a Gas with aifire Gauge and atutane Lighter Fluid Can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodner, George M.

    ). Hopkins. D. E., J. C~EM.EDVC., 53,718 (1976). 4Davenport,D. A,, ". CmM. EDLC..53,306(1976). "Butane

  2. Airborne measurement of OH reactivity during INTEX-B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plus OH sign), reactiv- propane ing different gases gases atisoprene (plus sign), propane (star) and propene (triangle).NMHC includes ethane, ethene, propane, propene, i-butane, n-

  3. Thermo-fluid Dynamics of Flash Atomizing Sprays and Single Droplet Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Henry

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flashing propane jets. Part two: droplet size distribution.distribution evolution after continuous or intermittent injection of butane or propaneflashing propane jets. Part two: droplet size distribution.

  4. Quantum cascade laser investigations of CH4 and C2H2 interconversion in hydrocarbon/H2 gas mixtures during microwave plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    described in Mankelevich et al. J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113304 2008 . The gas temperature distribution within source gases investigated methane, acetylene, ethane, propyne, propane, and butane are converted

  5. Title: KUPPS Procurement Matrix Purpose: To provide the preferred purchase and/or payment method for various transaction types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vehicle Fuel, diesel, karosene, propane, butane Pcard Office and Research Supplies and Consumables - 137200 137200 - Computer Supplies Consumables: Flash Drives, storage media, toner cartridges Replacement

  6. Natural gas treatment process using PTMSP membrane

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Toy, L.G.; Pinnau, I.

    1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for separating C{sub 3}+ hydrocarbons, particularly propane and butane, from natural gas. The process uses a poly(trimethylsilylpropyne) membrane. 6 figs.

  7. Natural gas treatment process using PTMSP membrane

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Toy, Lora G. (San Francisco, CA); Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for separating C.sub.3 + hydrocarbons, particularly propane and butane, from natural gas. The process uses a poly(trimethylsilylpropyne) membrane.

  8. Kinetic and Inhibition Studies for the Aerobic Cometabolism of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semprini, Lewis

    was indicated from direct linear plots, and the CAHs also competitively inhibited butane utilization. 1,1-DCE indicator of competitive inhibition ob- served. Butane was a strong inhibitor of CAH transfor- mation different inhibition types were ob- served among the compounds. Competitive inhibition among CAHs

  9. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 74917504, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/7491/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    . This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Atmospheric Chemistry most abundant VOCs observed in the tunnel were, in decreasing order, ethene, toluene, n-butane, propane. The high propane and n-butane emissions were found to be associated with liq- uefied petroleum gas (LPG

  10. Experimental and artificial neural network modeling study on soot formation in premixed hydrocarbon flamesq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senkan, Selim M.

    The formation of soot in premixed flames of methane, ethane, propane, and butane was studied at three different particle diameters at higher distances above the burner surface and propane, ethane, and butane flames came conditions in humans. Polycyclic aromatic hydro- carbons (PAH), the largest class of chemical carcinogens

  11. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPE, used air filters from compressors, motors, pumps, filter bags, oil filters, and PVC pipe. WASTE QUANTITY: Three 55-gallon drums and six 5-gallon drums as of 1501. The...

  12. Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Xiaoming

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5. Power generation via IGCC from bituminous coal. It shouldElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-PowerElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-Power

  13. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,the production and processing of each gallon of crude oil (production and processing of 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of crude oil

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    gallon sold to an alcohol blender that is in excess of the producer's base sales, up to 15,000,000 gallons, provided the producer was in production before July 1, 2001, and...

  15. Fall 2013 Exam 1A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A large solar heating panel requires 120-gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  16. MA 15300 Lesson 8 Notes Remember: When working with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A large solar heating panel requires 120 gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  17. Lesson 33 The two methods we have used to solve systems are ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A large solar heating panel requires 120 gallons of a fluid that is 30% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 50% solution or a 20% solution. How many gallons ...

  18. Another practice final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    11) A solar heating panel requires 150 gallons of a fluid that is 55% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 75% or a 30% solution. How many gallons of the 75%

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    0.2135 per gallon, liquefied natural gas is taxed at 0.171 per gallon, and compressed natural gas is taxed at the rate of 2.474 per thousand cubic feet. Gasoline is taxed at...

  20. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in fuel use avoidance of approximately 113K gallons of fuel oil and 2,300 gallons of propane per year. Remaining funds from the engineering design would be used toward...

  1. Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Xiaoming

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to small scale electricity generation plants and is alsoElectricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (Electricity Usage (MW) Plant Electricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (

  2. More Final Exam Practice Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    11) A solar heating panel requires 150 gallons of a fluid that is 55% antifreeze. The fluid comes in either a 75% or a 30% solution. How many gallons of the 75%

  3. Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The  installation, upgrade and operation of any petroleum UST (>110 gallons) or hazardous substance UST System, including heating oil tanks over 1,100 gallons capacity in the District requires a...

  4. Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    actual price you pay per gallon of oil, kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity, gallon of propane, or therm (or per one hundred cubic feet ccf) of natural gas by the Btu content per...

  5. Microsoft Word - BMPPlan Botts

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    -- gallon per minute GSA -- General Services Administration HVAC -- Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning ISO -- International Standards Organization IWPF -- Industrial Wastewater...

  6. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and annual domestic biodiesel produc- tion increases to 1 billion gallons. Under Scenario 2, annual domestic ethanol production increases to 20 billion gallons by 2016, and annual domestic biodiesel production increases to 1 billion gallons... of biodiesel production in 2016 in USDA’s long-term agricultural projections released in February 2007 (baseline). Dur- ing 2007-16, domestic ethanol production increases by an average of 2 billion gallons year under Scenario 1 compared with the baseline...

  7. Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Michael D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a 2,000,000 gallon thermal energy storage (TES) tank, achillers, pumps and a thermal energy storage system. Full-

  8. Worshipping the Temple of Doom My response to the letter from Dr. Martin Parkinson, Secretary of the Australian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    on petrol between 12 and 20 cents per gallon. It has to be kept small and ineffectual, because they want

  9. Transportation Energy Futures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLuchi, Mark A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cost equivalent to a retail gasoline price of more than $2It showsthe retail price per gallon of gasoline (including

  10. NASA Green Flight Challenge: Conceptual Design Approaches and Technologies to Enable 200 Passenger Miles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Miles per Gallon Douglas P. Wells* NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia 23681 The Green 50 passenger-miles per gallon and this competition will push teams to greater than 200 passenger-miles per gallon. The aircraft must also fly at least 100 miles per hour for 200 miles. The total prize

  11. BID MUST BE RECEIVED NO LATER THAN Please indicate: Minority Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    for unleaded gasoline and Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel fuel (#2 Red Diesel) for use on their Grounds or decrease quantities. ESTIMATES: Grounds Unleaded Gasoline ­ 2,000 gallons Diesel, ultra low sulphur #2 Red gallons Diesel, ultra low sulphur #2 Red ­ 700 gallons Award will be made on an "all or none" or "item

  12. Measurements of the effect of a magnetic field on the transport of linear momentum in nitrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larchez, Mark Edward

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    torgue in the same direction. A torque in the direction opposite to this is produced by methane, et'nane, propane, butane, isobutane, 7 hydrogen, nydrogen deuteride, and ceuterium, No torque is shown by helium, argon, xenon, water vapor, carbon...

  13. Flammability Characteristics of Hydrogen and Its Mixtures with Light Hydrocarbons at Atmospheric and Sub-atmospheric Pressures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le, Thuy Minh Hai

    2013-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    /vapor. This research focuses on the flammability limits of hydrogen and its binary mixtures with light hydrocarbons (methane, ethane, n-butane, and ethylene) at sub-atmospheric pressures. The flammability limits of hydrogen, light hydrocarbons, and binary mixtures...

  14. MTBE will be a boon to U. S. gas processors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otto, K.W. (Purvin and Gertz, Inc. Dallas, TX (United States))

    1993-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that the advent of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) as the primary oxygenate blending component for oxygenated and reformulated motor fuels promises significant benefits for the U.S. gas-processing industry. Increased demand for isobutane as MTBE-plant feedstock will buoy both normal butane and isobutane pricing in U.S. gulf Coast during the 1990s. Elimination of the need to crack normal butane in U.S. olefin plants will also strengthen competitive feedstocks somewhat, including ethane and propane. And increased use of normal butane as isomerization feedstock will result in wider recognition of the premium quality of gas plant normal butane production compared to most refinery C[sub 4] production.

  15. 942 Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 10, No. 5, 1971 solid (mp 43" with slight decomposition), which is sensitive to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodner, George M.

    is sensitive to air and water. I t is soluble in carbon tetrachloride, trichloro- fluoromethane, and benzene but insoluble in butane. The infrared spectrum (4000-200 cm-l) in carbon tetrachloride showed the following

  16. Transient behaviour of dense catalytic membranes based on Cu-and Co-doped Bi4V2O11 (BIMEVOX) in the oxidation of propene and propane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    adsorbed oxygens which mostly lead to the formation of carbon oxides [1]. In usual fixed or fluidised bed. The oxidation of n- butane to maleic anhydride in a circulating fluid bed reactor was the first industrial

  17. Accurate Computer Simulation of Phase Equilibrium for Complex Fluid Mixtures. Application to Binaries Involving Isobutene, Methanol, Methyl tert-Butyl Ether, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisal, Martin

    to Binaries Involving Isobutene, Methanol, Methyl tert-Butyl Ether, and n-Butane Martin Li´sal,*,, William R + methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and the binaries formed by methanol with isobutene, MTBE, and n

  18. "Nanocrystal bilayer for tandem catalysis"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamada, Yusuke

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogenolysis of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane and iso-Butanethe Hydroformylation of Propane over Silica-supported Groupproduct and small amount of propane, which is likely to be

  19. Feasibility of reconstructing paleoatmospheric records of selected alkanes, methyl halides, and sulfur gases from Greenland ice cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aydin, M.; Williams, M. B; Saltzman, E. S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    study of ethane and propane oxidation in the tropo- sphere,alkanes (ethane, C 2 H 6 ; propane, C 3 H 8 ; n-butane, n-Cfluid contamination. 4.1.2. Propane [ 24 ] Propane levels in

  20. Theoretical Simulation of n-Alkane Cracking on Zeolites Joseph A. Swisher,,|

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Alexis

    calculations for propane and butane cracking on MFI reveal that significantly better agreement between reactions, as well as the distribution of the products formed from a specified set of reactants. Impressive

  1. Embedding parameters in ab initio theory to develop well-controlled approximations based on molecular similarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaron, David

    is explored by training such a model on data for ethane and testing the resulting model on methane, propane and butane. The electronic distribution of the molecules is varied by placing them in strong electrostatic

  2. Hydrogen Storage -Overview George Thomas, Hydrogen Consultant to SNL*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    aspects of hydrogen utilization. production distribution utilization How do we achieve safe, efficient Forecourt storage (refueling stations) requirements being developed (IHIG) Distribution storage (delivery 75 100 125 hydrogen m ethane ethane propane butane pentane hexane heptane octane (gasoline) cetane

  3. Safe Handling f T iof Toxic,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    % by volumevolume Propylene, Propane, Butane, Ethylene Praxair Distribution Inc., Quality Department .Copyright by Pam HendershotNebraska Lincoln Pam Hendershot Praxair Distribution Inc. Praxair Distribution Inc Praxair Distribution Inc., Quality Department .Copyright © 2000, Praxair Technology, Inc. All rights

  4. T h e o p e n a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribakin, Gleb

    methane and its fluoro-substitutes, ethane, propane, butane and benzene are presented. The annihilation -spectra characterise the momentum distribution of the electron­positron pair at the instant

  5. Nitrogen limiation and nitrogen fixation during alkane biodegradation in a sandy soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toccalino, P.L.; Johnson, R.L.; Boone, D.R. (Oregon Graduate Institute of Science Technology, Portland, OR (United States))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaking underground storage tanks are a significant source of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in soils and ground water. Hydrocarbon biodegradation studies have been conducted in both ground water and topsoil regions, but few studies have been done on the unsaturated zone between these two. This study examines the effects of Nitrogen on propane and butane biodegradiations in an unsaturated sandy soil. Results indicate that nitrogen additions initially stimulated both propane and butane oxidizing organisms in the soil, but that propane-amended soil became N limited whereas butane-amended soil eventually overcame its N limitations by fixing Nitrogen and that nitrogen fixing organisms grew in butane amended but not in propane amended soil. 27 refs., 6 figs.

  6. Anzahl von Strukturisomeren der Alkane ???? und Sascha Kurz??

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurz, Sascha

    _____________________________________________________________________________ Zusammenfassung Das Ph"anomen der Strukturisomerie wird anhand der Klasse der Alkane erkl"art. * *Auf ei- nem f || 9,5 2-Methyl-butan || -158.6 || 27.9 n-Pentan || -129

  7. (2/94)(1,2,8/95)(6,7/97)(10/98)(1,9-11/99) Neuman Chapter 2 Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Christopher A.

    Conformations of Other Alkanes (2.4C) 2-30 Propane Butane Torsional Strain and Steric Strain (2.4D) 2. Conjugation, Electronic Effects, Carbonyl Groups 12. Conjugated and Aromatic Molecules 13. Carbonyl Compounds

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1287112882, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/12871/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    -butane that are associated with fuel evapora- tion, an insignificant source for CO2. To better characterise the traffic is likely the obsolete feature of the VOCs speciation matrix of the inventory that has not been updated

  9. Industrial Fuel Switching - Emerging NGL Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cascone, R.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Removing butanes and pentanes from gasoline to meet local and seasonal regulatory limitations on volatility requires US refiners to make up the lost octane with higher cost alternative components, and challenges them to either: store the liquids...

  10. Flammability Characteristics of Hydrogen and Its Mixtures with Light Hydrocarbons at Atmospheric and Sub-atmospheric Pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le, Thuy Minh Hai

    2013-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    /vapor. This research focuses on the flammability limits of hydrogen and its binary mixtures with light hydrocarbons (methane, ethane, n-butane, and ethylene) at sub-atmospheric pressures. The flammability limits of hydrogen, light hydrocarbons, and binary mixtures...

  11. AME 513 Assigned: Tuesday 10/2/2012 Problem Set #2 Due Monday 10/15/2012 at 4:30 pm in the drop box in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : 4.20 (Partial equilibrium) 5.6 (Beta scission) 5.7 (Butane oxidation) 5.8 (Reduced mechanisms) Other. (a) From this information, estimate the pre-exponential factor Z and activation energy Ea. (b

  12. Phase Equilibria Bibliography Updated 6/04 PUBLICATIONS (REFEREED)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

    .G., and Howat, C.S., 1990. Vapor-Liquid Phase Equilibria and Molar Volumes of the Butadiene-Acetonitrile System-Butane and Acetonitrile, 1-Butene and Acetonitrile and 1,3-Butadiene and Acetonitrile. 7th International Congress

  13. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    include smaller amounts of butane and ethane. Currently, most U.S. exports of LPG go to Latin America, where LPG is used for heating and cooking. International implications The...

  14. a l b L b f ^ J M P U P E O M N P F = = | = = ^ p r i l = O M...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    include smaller amounts of butane and ethane. Currently, most U.S. exports of LPG go to Latin America, where LPG is used for heating and cooking. International implications The...

  15. Approaches to the synthesis of macrocyclic polystannanes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denis, Richard Ascot

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (trimethylstannyl) butane Preparation of 1, 4-bis(trimethylstannyl) butane using Trimethyltin Lithium. Preparation of 1, 5-bis(trimethylstannyl) pentane. Preparation of 1, 3-bis(Bromodimethylstannylj propane (39a) . Preparation of 1, 4-bis... investigated by pedersen who reported that the solubility of dibenzo-18-crown-6 in methanol was increased in the presence of alkali (lithium ion excluded) and alkaline earth salts. This was 14 the first report of a cation being complexed by crown ethers...

  16. Supplemental Material S1 UBWOS 2012 data used in this analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    propane/ppbv 20151050 Time / hrs 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.2 2,2dimethylpropane/ ppbv 20151050 Time / hrs 60 40 20 0 -20 n-butane/ppbv 20151050 Time / hrs #12;(v) (vi) (vii) (viii -10 i-butane/ppbv 20151050 Time / hrs 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 2,2-dimethylbutane/ ppbv 20151050 Time / hrs 40

  17. The effect of the volume of liquid injected on recovery in solvent slug flooding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowman, Charles Hay

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the effect of slug size on oil recovered. A series of verti. cal displacements was performed on a kerosene- and-water saturated core 10 feet in length, using butane as the solvent and methane as the inert dksplacing medium. Breakthrough recovery was fo... screen snd glass wool in the outlet nipple served to retain all sand within the pipe. Fluids used included technical grade methane, technical grade normal butane as the slug material, and kerosene to represent crude oil. Distilled water served...

  18. OR221 MIDTERM Due: 9:30 am, Thursday, March 9, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

    in Eq. (6.66). Try using q = + µ in Equation (6.72). P2. (10 pts.) Gasoline Prices. Let X(t) be the price of gasoline (in $ per gallon) at time t (time is measured in weeks). Suppose that X(t) = 2.00 + .1 and Bob. Al buys 10 gallons of gasoline at 8 am on every Monday. Bob also buys 10 gallons of gasoline

  19. Functions, Part 1 c csun Fall 2011 v15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Terry

    customers $14.00 per month plus $0.10 per kilowatt-hour (KWH) of electricity used. Thus, the monthly cost on the price? If the price per gallon is $3.40, what is the cost to fill the tank? If the price per gallon. This is read as: The cost, C(p), to fill the tank is a function of the price p per gallon. Written form: "the

  20. Party Platter $38.00 (serves 5-9) Three-Foot Sub $48.00 (serves 10-12)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    .50 Pepsi, Diet Pepsi, Sierra Mist Bottled Water $1.65 ea Traditional Flavors Half-gallon $5.79 Three, soft tacos or bean burritos $10.99: ten piece, $44.99: fifty piece Pick-up ONLY, no delivery for Taco.65 Beverages Gallon Lemonade $10.50 Gallon Strawberry Lemonade Mixer $10.50 Six-pack Soda $4.50 Bottled Water

  1. Smart Thermostats in Residential Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a standard unit of measurement for efficiency of HVAC operation - essentially a rating system, like "miles per gallon" - that can be used to evaluate and compare services. We...

  2. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Delivers Cost and Schedule Validation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    be an industrial complex of facilities for separating and vitrifying (immobilizing in glass) millions of gallons of radioactive and chemical wastes stored at the Hanford Site....

  3. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gallon drums on pallets on the ground. WASTE DESCRIPTION: PPE, plastic sheeting, and PVC tubing. WASTE QUANTITY: According to Geo Consultants personnel this GSA held a maximum...

  4. G:\\ESS\\248 RCRA\\SWMU Report Cor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    requirements. WASTE DESCRIPTION: PCB light ballast, PCB solids, PCB waste water, PVC pipe fittings, ductwork, and poly sheets. WASTE QUANTITY: Seven 55-gallon drums as of...

  5. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1995...

  6. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1997...

  7. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Gallons per Day Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Residual Fuel Oil 5. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Volumes Figure Percentages of Refiner Wholesale Volumes 1996...

  8. FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    standards for large (>55 gallon) residential electric storage water heaters used in demand response and thermal energy storage programs (Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-STD-0022). In...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis. For more information, including applicable tax rates, see the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue website. Certain exemptions apply....

  10. Data:3e3005ab-92ad-41bf-a8ca-0d19b880303d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (30 to 74 gallon capacity) Sector: Residential Description: Rates are subject to an Energy Cost Adjustment Tracking Factor, determined quarterly, to reflect changes in the...

  11. Data:Babe856b-ea7a-49ef-b709-a8c39c96076b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (75 gallons or greater capacity) Sector: Residential Description: Rates are subject to an Energy Cost Adjustment Tracking Factor, determined quarterly, to reflect changes in the...

  12. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  13. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  14. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  15. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  16. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  17. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  18. Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 34. Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  19. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  20. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  1. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  2. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  3. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    221 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  4. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  5. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  6. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  7. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 401 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  8. Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon...

  9. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  10. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  11. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  12. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  13. Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  14. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  15. Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  16. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  17. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

  18. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  19. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  20. Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  1. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  2. Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

  3. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  4. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month...

  5. Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    134 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  6. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  7. Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  8. Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  9. Progress and Accomplishments in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    range of natural gas prices -- a cost that is competitive with gasoline.6 Reduced the cost of producing.00/gallon gasoline equivalent (gge) produced (

  10. acid chrome dyes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    etching Materials Science Websites Summary: with DI water THREE times. Place the rinsed bottle next to the 5 gallon solvent waste container, located etchant at room temperature...

  11. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding...

  12. Shared Intellect * Shared Laboratories...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gallons of fuel each year. Arc Position Sensing: Flaws in specialty metals used in aerospace and other advanced applications are often caused by solidification problems that...

  13. Data:Ce18419d-c9a8-4262-9b0f-b19dfd989e19 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0602 End date if known: Rate name: Rural Residential with approved 40 gallon electric water heater Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http:...

  14. Data:775b69a9-e337-4874-8bb8-93d6bad4e611 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Residential- Water Heater Service (30 to 74 gallon capacity) Sector: Residential Description: Source or...

  15. Data:Fcd6d1ad-a904-4a0b-94a6-e8c4396e132b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Utility Company) Effective date: 20130201 End date if known: Rate name: Residential- Water Heater Service (75 gallons or greater capacity) Sector: Residential Description:...

  16. Energy Department Joins Navy and Agriculture Departments to Invest...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    federal investments for the construction and commissioning of biorefineries: Emerald Biofuels: To build and operate an 82 million gallon per year refinery on the Gulf Coast to...

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biofuels Production Incentive Qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers are eligible for production incentives on a per gallon basis. To be eligible for the incentive, the producer...

  18. Bioenergy FAQs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FAQs How do the benefits compare to the development challenges posed by advanced biofuels? How much gasoline and diesel are displaced by the nearly 15 billion gallons of...

  19. EIA: High Oil Prices, GHG Controls Would Help Clean Energy Grow...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    45 gallons of petroleum products. Source: Energy Information Administration, "Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained" and Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (Updated February...

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    million gallons of ethanol produced from Missouri agricultural products or qualified biomass each fiscal year, up to 3.125 million per producer per fiscal year. Ethanol must...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption An ethanol production facility that produces less than 125 million gallons of ethanol annually and is located outside...

  2. Small Businesses Receive $2 Million to Advance HVAC Technologies...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    suitable for a 50 gallon unit, which is both more efficient than current mechanical compressors, but also scalable. The technology uses a new high performance, low cost membrane...

  3. Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaffka, Stephen R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel Petroleum† et al. 2007). Some

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ethanol and Biobutanol Production Incentive Qualified and licensed ethanol and biobutanol producers are eligible for a 0.20 per gallon production incentive for ethanol and...

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ethanol Production Incentive Ethanol producers may qualify for an income tax credit equal to 30% of production facility nameplate capacity between 500,000 and 15 million gallons...

  6. Groundwater Use and Reporting Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Health and Environmental Control has established a groundwater management program, requiring entities withdrawing in excess of three million gallons during any one month to obtain...

  7. CX-005566: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    generating 1 megawatt (Mw) of electricity. The Columbus digester is creating excess biogas that has the potential to generate 275,912 gallons of gasoline equivalent (gge) each...

  8. Fact #776: April 22, 2013 Fuel Savings from Attempts to Alleviate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Texas Transportation Institute, public transportation was responsible for a savings of 450 million gallons of fuel in 2011. High-occupancy vehicle lanes, combined with other...

  9. SBP 003 2/25/2015 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capable of delivering between 100 - 450 gallons per minute (gpm) of chromium contaminated water from three extraction wells to two nearby treatment units from which treated water...

  10. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

  11. Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

  12. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

  13. Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

  14. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  15. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    19 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation...

  16. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  17. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  18. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  19. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Blend Mandate Within one year after the Montana Department of Transportation has certified that ethanol producers in the state have produced a total of 40 million gallons of...

  1. DOE/NETL-2010/???? DOE/NETL-341/013113

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gallons per minute Hg Mercury HGCU Hot-gas-cleanup unit HP High pressure HRSG Heat recovery steam generator IGCC Integrated gasification combined cycle ISO International...

  2. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fracturing,  or  “fracking. ”  In  this  process,  fluids  a  coal  bed  through  fracking  requires  between  50,000  gallons  of  water.  Fracking  to  create  a  well  in  a  

  3. Section C

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    190 million curies in 53 million gallons of highly radioactive and mixed hazardous waste stored in underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site. The tank waste includes...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

  5. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    and emissions by using alternative fuels and improving vehicle fleet fuel efficiency. State agencies and other affected entities may substitute the use of 450 gallons of...

  7. Environmental Assessment Addendum For the Proposed Title Transfer...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Significant Impact FR Federal Register FRP Facilities Revitalization Project FWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service FY fiscal year gpm gallons per minute JINS Joint Institute for...

  8. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    emissions for fuels such as biofuels, electric- ity, andcould, for instance, sell biofuels or buy credits fromthat 36 billion gallons of biofuels be sold annu- ally by

  9. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No....

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    620 Title: BC Replacement Vacuum Truck Description: Subcontractor shall provide a new 3,000 gallon vacuum truck to replace the existing BC vacuum truck, BCVT1. Regulatory...

  10. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1998 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  11. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  12. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  13. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1999 359 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  14. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  15. Appendix A

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Petroleum product prices (2012 dollars per gallon, unless otherwise noted) Sector and fuel Reference case Annual growth 2012-2040 (percent) 2011 2012 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040...

  16. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 337 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  17. Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  18. Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1999 441 Table A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  19. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 245 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  20. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Marketing Annual 1996 401 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  1. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Marketing Annual 1997 401 Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued...

  2. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  3. Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  5. Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  7. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  8. Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) - Continued Year...

  9. A Water Conservation Scenario for the Residential and Industrial Sectors in California: Potential Saveings of Water and Related Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benenson, P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I I Toilet Two quart plastic bottles in 5-gallon tank (10%).toilet dams or plastic bottles, and shower flow control

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Alternative Fuel Tax Compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are subject to excise tax imposed on a per gallon basis as...

  11. Is Methanol the Transportation Fuel of the Future?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel; DeLuchi, Mark A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and OtherParameters m m Retail price gasoline, of S/gallon,cylinders). The retail price of gasoline, including taxes,

  12. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Diesel Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately southeast of C-611 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 1000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL...

  13. Biodiesel Research Update

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Fuels Technology Subprogram U.S. Biodiesel Feedstock Supply Analysis * 1.7 billion annual gallon existing resource * Additional...

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Blending Facility Loading Fee Deduction In calculating the annual petroleum products loading fee, a facility owner may deduct the number of biodiesel gallons delivered to...

  15. Final LLNL Volume 1 - ES&H 2002.PDF

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for disposal, including approximately 200 55-gallon drums that contain pyrophoric depleted uranium machine turnings. 8 3.0 CONCLUSIONS OAK and LLNL have worked...

  16. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (million gallons) Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (gallonssquare foot) Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  17. Fundamental Studies on the Effects of Microstructure on Thermal Conductivity in Nano-Thermoelectric Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alaniz, Joseph Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy created through burning fossil fuels, leading to an estimated equivalent waste of approximately 200 million gallons of gasoline from light

  18. Clean Cities Now: Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 2013 (Brochure), Energy...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    savings totals 2 billion gallons NREL publishes first Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report DOE designates 2 coalitions DOE designates 3 coalitions DOE designates 24 coalitions...

  19. --No Title--

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    replace three residential standard 30 & 40 gallon propane fired water heaters with propane- fired on-demand water heaters (tankless). These new water heaters would reduce the...

  20. Data:1e9173bb-c50c-4825-a0ba-3d2427d8e9ea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Water Heaters - Storage Capacity over 80 Gallons with Sub-meter Sector: Description: This...

  1. Data:341d3c68-beb8-44cd-bd6c-06ded9ea582d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Water Heaters - Storage Capacity over 80 Gallons with No Sub-meter Sector: Residential...

  2. Data:D8fcbc23-aaeb-449d-8bbf-12d2dcef3e75 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Coop Inc Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: Controlled Water Heaters - Storage Capacity under 80 Gallons with No Sub-meter Sector: Residential...

  3. GHPs Save Heating Cost and Improve Air Quality in Poultry Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    § Propane vs natural gas § Fuel management § Utility company § Capacity, NEVADA 7 § High energy baseline (propane) § Open space for underground loop, 2013 ¢ LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 8 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT 1 gallon propane 0.8 gallon water CO, NO, SO2

  4. 11Water on the Moon ! The debate has gone back and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regolith, billions of gallons of water are available for harvesting by future astronauts. The image surface has to be processed to extract 1 liter (0.26 gallons) of water. Problem 1 ­ The radius of the moon11Water on the Moon ! The debate has gone back and forth over the last 10 years as new data

  5. Test Report for Low Water Consumption Stainless Steel Water Closet Toilets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Boecker, C. L.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from 4.0 gallons to 1.6 gallons and modifying the rinse ring holes. TDC5 is intended for use within the Texas prison system only and does not satisfy the performance requirements of the ASME Standard at the specified operating pressure of 35 psi static...

  6. Posted: 6:00 a.m. Wednesday, June 20, 2012 Fourth of July travelers expected to stretch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    Wednesday, Thursday and Friday off. Some people will take the whole week off." Declining gasoline prices a gallon for gas than they did a year ago. In Palm Beach County, the average price for a gallon of regular gasoline Tuesday was $3.46. Auto trips are expected to increase 4 percent over last year, accounting for 84

  7. William W. Hay Railroad Engineering Seminar Freight Railroad Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    fuel & alternatives (Btu's per gallon) Biodiesel, Fischer-Tropsch syn fuel & DME Liquefied natural.2008 Billion US gallons = 27.258 Billion liters of diesel fuel equivalent * Ton-mile statistics from US DOT (importance v difficulties) North American freight RRs (defining characteristics) Energy density of diesel

  8. Attachment E TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    /MONTH · Record the Total the number of Passengers for the Month (this does not include the driver) FUEL/FLUID TYPES · Record the Fuel Type and Price Per Gallon on the corresponding date line · Record the Total Fuel Quantity (total gallons, including tenths, of fuel purchased) · Record the Total Fuel Cost (total the cost

  9. TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE Attachment E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    /MONTH Record the Total Number of Passengers for the Month (this does not include the driver). FUEL/FLUID TYPES Record the Fuel Type and Price per Gallon on the corresponding date line. Record the Total Fuel Quantity (total gallons including tenths of fuel purchased). Record the Total Fuel Cost (total cost of the fuel

  10. the promise of biotechnology Through biotechnology, scientists and engineers work with biological systems at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    near-term candidates are advanced biofuels--liquid fuels produced from the mix of complex sugars Research Center whose mission is to speed development of advanced biofuels made from the cellulosic biomass of non-food crops. These biofuels can replace petroleum-based fuels on a gallon-for-gallon basis

  11. WSU's conservation program is primarily driven by the desire to minimize impacts on water resources, namely the regional aquifer, and to meet regulatory requirements. The official goal is to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Consumption (AC) ­ Annual Volume 491,735,000Total Water Produced and Purchased (TP) ­ Annual Volume was commissioned in April 2009. The construction of this facility utilizes water filtration and chemical treatment period listed above, WSU total water produced was 491.7 million gallons which is 70.25 million gallons

  12. Sprays and Spraying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paddock, F.B. (Floyd B.)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................... Fly Poison 13 ..................................... Contact Insecticides 14 ................................... Lime Sulfur Wash 14 ................................... Kerosene Emlllsion 17' .......................... Commercial Tobacco Extract...-SULFI MIXTURES. I Amount of ~ilutiin Number of Gallons of Water to One Gallon 'of Lime-Sulfur Solution. Reading on Hydrometer. For San Jose For Summer / Scale of Winter I For Blister Mite. 1 Spraying of I Strength. I I I I 1 Kerosene Emulsion. Kerosene...

  13. Thermal Storage Systems at IBM Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, G.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1979, IBM commissioned its first large scale thermal storage system with a capacity of 2.7 million gallons of chilled water and 1.2 million gallons of reclaimed, low temperature hot water. The stored cooling energy represents approximately 27...

  14. Project Title: Advanced Thermal Hydrogen Compression Contractor: Ergenics, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    goals of: Long Term: $1.50/gallon of gasoline equivalent (2010) Near Term: $3.00/gallon of gasoline development. H2 Purity: Increase H2 quality to protect both fuel cell catalyst and advanced hydrogen storage a baseline for understanding impurity impact on advanced storage materials (alanates & carbon nanomaterials

  15. www.sciam.com SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 49 Pumping carbon dioxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    for capture and storage already exists and that the obstacles hindering implementa- tion seem to the gallon and go 10,000 miles next year, you will need to buy 330 gallons-- about a ton--of gasoline. Burning that much gasoline sends around three tons of carbon dioxide out the tailpipe. Al- though CO2

  16. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    AND PATHS FORWARD · Biofuels can be blended with gasoline or diesel and used in existing vehicles, which.S. transportation fuel demand (15­45 billion gallons gasoline equivalent per year) with biofuels costing $3­4 per gallon gasoline equivalent (gge). Biofuel costs would increase sharply above this level of demand because

  17. www.vics.org1 2008 Voluntary Interindustry Commerce Solutions (VICS) Association September 27, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    to match carrier availability (empty miles) with transportation demand (loads) delivered. · A toolset of diesel · The equivalent of nearly 20 barrels of crude oil · At $4.09 per gallon ­ that's over $15 week. CO2 emissions are based on the EPA emissions calculator (22 lbs per gallon diesel) Fuel

  18. Economic Impact Analysis of Exchange Rate, RFS2, and Farm Program Support Changes on the U.S. Crop Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhew, Chanhee

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    ........................................................................................................... 103 Ethanol ........................................................................................................... 108 Biodiesel... (especially those of biodiesel) in that a biofuel sector is highly dependent on government programs (Elam 2008; Kouplow 2006). The RFS2 requires mandatory use of biofuels to increase to 36 billion gallons per year (with a maximum of 15 billion gallons...

  19. SENS HOUSE TOUR Welcome to the Sustainability and Environmental Studies (SENS) House. Four

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    , the house has a wood stove and small super efficient natural gas heaters in the bedrooms and bathrooms gallons of water and the full flush uses 1.6 gallons of water. The water in this toilet is treated with informational displays). All of the sewage in the new part of the EcoVillage is treated by the EM. First water

  20. FEMP Designated Product Assessment for Commercial Gas Water Heaters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rating of at least 4000 Btu per hour per gallon of storedpackaged boiler that has an input rating from 300,000 Btu/hrto 12,500,000 Btu/hr (and at least 4,000 Btu/hr per gallon

  1. Catalytic conversion of C/sub 3/-C/sub 4/ paraffins to gasoline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batchelder, R.F.; Pennline, H.W.; Schehl, R.R.; Finseth, D.H.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction of propane and butane to form gasoline-range hydrocarbons in a single-step catalytic process has been investigated in a tubular packed-bed reactor maintained at near isothermal conditions. Three catalyst systems were studied: a zeolite, ZSM-5; a dehydrogenation catalyst, chromia-alumina; and a 50:50 mixture by weight of the previous two catalysts. The effects of process parameters on the catalyst activity and product selectivity were determined. It was found that ZSM-5 alone will convert propane or butane to gasoline-range products over a temperaure range of 350/sup 0/ to 540/sup 0/C. The reaction of butane over ZSM-5 results in a large selectivity to propane (30 to 70 weight percent) depending on the temperature. The addition of chromia-alumina to ZSM-5 increased the first-order rate constant for butane conversion by 60% at 450/sup 0/C. The addition of chromia-alumina to ZSM-5 also increased the C/sub 5+/ selectivity for butane conversion by 30% at 540/sup 0/C. The addition of chromia-alumina to ZSM-5 had little effect on the rate of propane conversion, but it did increase the C/sub 5+/ selectivity for propane conversion by over 100% at 540/sup 0/C. The liquid product from alkane conversion was highly aromatic (>80%) under all conditions tested. 12 references, 8 figures.

  2. unknown title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    The need for used oil conservation, recycling, and ultimate nonpolluting disposal has been a matter of increasing concern since the early 1960s. The oil embargo of 1974, the energy crisis which emerged in 1979, and as much as a tenfold increase in the price of imported crude oil have even more strongly emphasized the need for oil conservation and recycling. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that the U.S. annually generates approximately 1.O billion gallons of recoverable used oil (Table I). * Approximately 70 million gallons are rerefined as lubricating oils. An estimated 60 million gallons are reprocessed for use as metalworking oils and other industrial oils and an estimated 150 million gallons are sprayed on roads and for other uses. Approximately 500 million gallons are used as fuel, usually mixed with virgin residual and distillate fuels.

  3. Phase equilibrium measurements on nine binary mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilding, W.V. [Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States). Chemical Engineering Dept.] [Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States). Chemical Engineering Dept.; Giles, N.F.; Wilson, L.C. [Wiltec Research Co. Inc., Provo, UT (United States)] [Wiltec Research Co. Inc., Provo, UT (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase equilibrium measurements have been performed on nine binary mixtures. The PTx method was used to obtain vapor-liquid equilibrium data for the following systems at two temperatures each: (aminoethyl)piperazine + diethylenetriamine; 2-butoxyethyl acetate + 2-butoxyethanol; 2-methyl-2-propanol + 2-methylbutane; 2-methyl-2-propanol + 2-methyl-2-butene; methacrylonitrile + methanol; 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane + hydrogen chloride; 2-(hexyloxy)ethanol + ethylene glycol; butane + ammonia; propionaldehyde + butane. Equilibrium vapor and liquid phase compositions were derived form the PTx data using the Soave equation of state to represent the vapor phase and the Wilson or the NRTL activity coefficient model to represent the liquid phase. A large immiscibility region exists in the butane + ammonia system at 0 C. Therefore, separate vapor-liquid-liquid equilibrium measurements were performed on this system to more precisely determine the miscibility limits and the composition of the vapor phase in equilibrium with the two liquid phases.

  4. Three-phase K-values for n-alkanes co-existing with water at high temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forero Reyes, Helber Alfonso

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Wehe and McKetta~ reported the mutual solubility of n-butane/i- butane/water. Again no PVT data of the system were provided in the paper. The first published attempt to use an equation of state for three-phase equilibrium calculations appeared... equation: L+W+G = 10 -(4. 1) Component i mole balance equations: hc Lx; +Wx; +Gy; =zi i = l, n -- -(4. 2) Restrictive equations n n g x, h'= Z x, . " i=1 i=1 = Zy, "=Lo i=1 (4. 3) Thermodynamic equations for component fugacities: V hc f. = f...

  5. Prediction of heptanes-plus equilibrium ratios from empirical correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenna, Martin James

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6590 305 247 0. 862 low 600 3225 158 149 0. 787 8055 313 212 0. 841 low sOV 2375 127 108 0. 746 TABLE 3-PHYS ICAL AND CRITICAL PROPERTIES Component methane ethane propane i-butane n-butane i-pentane n-pentane hexane (1b... using only one property ? critical temperature- to correlate equilibrium ratios. Campbell stated that for a fixed temperature and pressure, the equilibrium ratios of a mixture in v the equation apor-liquid equilibrium can be represented by log K...

  6. Regioselective alkane hydroxylation with a mutant AlkB enzyme

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koch, Daniel J.; Arnold, Frances H.

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    AlkB from Pseudomonas putida was engineered using in-vivo directed evolution to hydroxylate small chain alkanes. Mutant AlkB-BMO1 hydroxylates propane and butane at the terminal carbon at a rate greater than the wild-type to form 1-propanol and 1-butanol, respectively. Mutant AlkB-BMO2 similarly hydroxylates propane and butane at the terminal carbon at a rate greater than the wild-type to form 1-propanol and 1-butanol, respectively. These biocatalysts are highly active for small chain alkane substrates and their regioselectivity is retained in whole-cell biotransformations.

  7. Coke profile and effect on methane/ethylene conversion process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Solami, Bandar

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with distance along the reactor, and therefore the coke distribution should follow a similar pattern. A distribution of coke deposits along the reactor was also observed by Noda er al. (1974) in a study of iso-pentane isomerization. In this case the coke..., methane, ethane, ethylene, propane, iso-butane, butane, iso-pentane, pentane and hexanes. Also, the flow rate of the effluent stream is measured using the bubble meter. The mole percentages of methane and ethylene are subtracted of the effluent stream...

  8. Crystalline mesoporous zirconia catalysts having stable tetragonal pore wall structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sachtler, W.M.H.; Huang, Y.Y.

    1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods are disclosed for the preparation of new sulfated mesoporous zirconia materials/catalysts with crystalline pore walls of predominantly tetragonal crystal structure, characterized by nitrogen physical sorption measurement, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and catalytic tests using n-butane isomerization to iso-butane and alkylation of 1-naphthol with 4-tert-butylstyrene as probe reactions. Sulfate deposition is preferred for the transformation of a mesoporous precursor with amorphous pore walls into a material with crystalline pore walls maintaining the mesoporous characteristics. 17 figs.

  9. Crystalline mesoporous zirconia catalysts having stable tetragonal pore wall structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sachtler, Wolfgang M. H. (Evanston, IL); Huang, Yin-Yan (Evanston, IL)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for the preparation of new sulfated mesoporous zirconia materials/catalysts with crystalline pore walls of predominantly tetragonal crystal structure, characterized by nitrogen physisorption measurement, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and catalytic tests using n-butane isomerization to iso-butane and alkylation of 1-naphthol with 4-tert-butylstyrene as probe reactions. Sulfate deposition is preferred for the transformation of a mesoporous precursor with amorphous pore walls into a material with crystalline pore walls maintaining the mesoporous characteristics.

  10. Geochemical Prospecting of Hydrocarbons in Frontier Basins of India* By

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Kumar; D. J. Patil; G. Kalpana; C. Vishnu Vardhan

    India has 26 sedimentary basins with a basinal area of approximately 1.8x 10 6 km 2 (excluding deep waters), out of which seven are producing basins and two have proven potential. Exploration efforts in other basins, called “frontier basins ” are in progress. These basins are characterized by varied geology, age, tectonics, and depositional environments. Hydrocarbon shows in many of these basins are known, and in few basins oil and gas have flowed in commercial /non-commercial quantities. Within the framework of India Hydrocarbon Vision – 2025 and New Exploration Licensing Policy, there is a continuous increase in area under active exploration. The asset management concept with multi-disciplinary teams has created a demand for synergic application of risk-reduction technologies, including surface geochemical surveys. National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad, India has initiated/planned surface geochemical surveys composed of gas chromatographic and carbon isotopic analyses in few of the frontier basins of India. The adsorbed soil gas data in one of the basins (Saurashtra basin, Gujarat) has shown varied concentrations of CH4 to C4H10. The C1 concentration varies between 3 to 766 ppb and ??C2+, 1 to 543 ppb. This basin has thin soil cover and the Mesozoic sediments (probable source rocks) are overlain by thick cover of Deccan Traps. The scope and perspective of geochemical surveys in frontier basins of India are presented here.

  11. Study on Micro-scale Ceramic Catalytic Combustor with Embedded Heat Exchange Channels Takashi OKAMASA, Gwang-Goo LEE, Yuji SUZUKI, and Nobuhide KASAGI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasagi, Nobuhide

    Study on Micro-scale Ceramic Catalytic Combustor with Embedded Heat Exchange Channels Takashi combustion of butane is investigated. A cost-effective and robust ceramic combustor is developed using high anodic oxidation of aluminum layer. In order to increase the thermal efficiency, a combustor

  12. Micro Catalytic Combustor with Pd/Nano-porous Alumina for High-Temperature Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasagi, Nobuhide

    Micro Catalytic Combustor with Pd/Nano-porous Alumina for High-Temperature Application Takashi: A micro-scale catalytic combustor using high-precision ceramic tape-casting technology has been developed surface reaction of butane. In combustion experiments with a prototype combustor, the wall temperature

  13. Development of Micro Catalytic Combustor Using Ceramic Tape Casting Takashi OKAMASA, Gwang-Goo LEE, Yuji SUZUKI, and Nobuhide KASAGI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasagi, Nobuhide

    Development of Micro Catalytic Combustor Using Ceramic Tape Casting Takashi OKAMASA, Gwang-Goo LEE@thtlab.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp Abstract Micro-scale catalytic combustor fueled by butane is investigated. A cost-effective ceramic combustor is developed using high- precision tape-casting technology. Nano-porous alumina fabricated through

  14. Catalytic oxidation of propylene with air at temperatures near 500° FCatalytic oxidation of propylene with air at temperatures near 500°F?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunlop, Donald Dunwody

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was that of Bludworth (4). This covered the thermal oxidation of butane between 300? and 400? C. and at 300 - 400 psi using large quantities of steam as a diluent. The principal products were formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and methanol, although various acids were also...

  15. Mars long has been considered a cold, dead planet.However,recent reports of methane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Craig

    , and not necessarily just methane-pro- ducing organisms. However,if these environments were found not to be inhabited as from the thermal pro- cessing of complex organic remnants of past life (thermogenesis). In the first (ethane,propane,butane). On Mars, more shallowly buried organic material from putative past life could

  16. Gassmann's fluid substitution and shear modulus variability in carbonates at laboratory seismic and ultrasonic frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boise State University

    frequencies. Samples are measured dry humidi- fied and saturated with liquid butane and brine. Our carbon- ate rock shear-modulus change from dry to brine saturation conditions, and we investigate several rock velocities for either oil- or brine-saturated samples, al- though for some samples, Gassmann's theory

  17. Seismic wave attenuation in carbonates L. Adam,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boise State University

    butane or brine. This observation holds for four out of five samples at seismic (10­1000 Hz, attenuation increases by 250% when brine substitutes a light hydrocarbon in these carbonate rocks. For some of the samples. The rocks are measured dry and fully saturated with a light hydrocarbon and with a brine

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Pneumatic Energy Sources for Autonomous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    research projects using combustion (methane and butane) and monopropellant decomposition (hydrogen per extensive system-level development. Hydrogen peroxide decomposition requires not only few additional parts mobile robotics grows, the most common energy source remains a tether to a sta- tionary compressor. While

  19. Appears in Working Notes of the AAAI Spring Symposium on Human Interaction with Autonomous Systems in Complex Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebsbach, Kurt D.

    . Background: Refineries and Control Petrochemical refining is one of the largest industrial enterprises for converting crude oil (feed) into more useful products such as gasoline, kerosene, and butane (Leffler 1985" is the industry term for more powerful mathematical control techniques (e.g., multivariate lin- ear models) used

  20. Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas, Crude Oil and Distillates NGLs consumption in CALEBConsumption Weekly Refinery and Fractionator Report Weekly Bulk Terminal Report Weekly Product Pipeline Report Weekly Crude OilCrude Oil Butane Isobutane Other Hydrocarbons, Hydrogen and Oxygenates 10,718 Unfinished Oils Source: CEC 2006a The energy sector shows the consumption

  1. In situ vibrational spectroscopic investigation of C{sub 4} hydrocarbon selective oxidation over vanadium-phosphorus-oxide catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xue, Z.Y.

    1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    n-Butane selective oxidation over the VPO catalyst to maleic anhydride is the first and only commercialized process of light alkane selective oxidation. The mechanism of this reaction is still not well known despite over twenty years of extensive studies, which can partially be attributed to the extreme difficulties to characterize catalytic reactions real-time under typical reaction conditions. In situ spectroscopic characterization techniques such as Infrared spectroscopy and laser Raman spectroscopy were used in the current mechanistic investigations of n-butane oxidation over VPO catalysts. To identify the reaction intermediates, oxidation of n-butane, 1,3-butadiene and related oxygenates on the VPO catalyst were monitored using FTIR spectroscopy under transient conditions. n-Butane was found to adsorb on the VPO catalyst to form olefinic species, which were further oxidized to unsaturated, noncyclic carbonyl species. The open chain dicarbonyl species then experienced cycloaddition to form maleic anhydride. VPO catalyst phase transformations were investigated using in situ laser Raman spectroscopy. This report contains Chapter 1: General introduction; Chapter 2: Literature review; and Chapter 5: Conclusion and recommendations.

  2. Index of Subjects Abbreviations ix,203-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Christopher

    90 Absorption of light 110-11,137-9,168 Accelerated testing 139 Acetal 14, 204, 206, see also, polymer 156-7,216 Allyl diglycol carbonate 113, 165-6 Allyl resins 165 Alumina 95 Aluminium 58 modulus 57,70,92 Bulk polymerisation 31 Butadiene 5,167,169,217 Butane 11 Butene 219 Butyl acetate 181

  3. GCMS SPME profiling of rhizobacterial volatiles reveals prospective inducers of growth promotion and induced systemic resistance in plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paré, Paul W.

    IN937a, with GB03 producing higher amounts of 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol and butane-1. All rights reserved. Keywords: Bacillus subtilis; B. amyliquefaciens; Ehrlich pathway; 3-Methyl-1-butanol; Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR); Principal comp- onent analysis (PCA); Solid

  4. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV C2-633 Colloque C2, suppl. au Journal de Physique 11, Vol. 1, septembre 1991

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    temperature of about 850°C, respectively from butane and nitrogen and a mixture of titanium chloridesBans cedex 2, France Abstract : Titanium carbide and nitride coatings can be deposited at a moderate, by Ti metal. Under optimized deposition conditions, a very hard titanium carbide with a polynucleated

  5. Subscriber access provided by -Access paid by the | UC Berkeley Library Journal of the American Chemical Society is published by the American Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    and dehydrogenation of propane and n-butane differed among zeolites with varying channel structure (H-MFI, H-FER, H environments, the number of which was assessed in H-MOR by rigorous deconvolution of their infrared spectra of partial confinement, a concept previously considered phenomenologically as pore mouth catalysis

  6. A GasdynamicAcoustic Model of a Bird Scare Gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    ,000--200,000 explosions is attainable. The mechanism is simple. A carefully­controlled mixture of air and propane or butane gas (stoichiometric 1 mixture, or a little bit richer than that) is periodically (every 5 or 10 into the open air. An interesting detail in the design gave, without any further analy­ sis, already insight

  7. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 29, 2002/pp. 909916 DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROREACTOR AS A THERMAL SOURCE FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    -sustained combustion of hydrogen and air mixtures was demonstrated over a wide range of fuel/air mixtures and flow) than advanced electrochemical sources, provided that ambient air is available as the oxidizing agent, liquefied gaseous fuels (propane, butane, and their conjugate olefins) or hydrocarbon liquids designed

  8. A Gasdynamic-Acoustic Model of a Bird Scare Gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    ,000­200,000 explosions is attainable. The mechanism is simple. A carefully-controlled mixture of air and propane or butane gas (stoichiometric1 mixture, or a little bit richer than that) is periodically (every 5 or 10 into the open air. An interesting detail in the design gave, without any further analy- sis, already insight

  9. 9118 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 9118-9122 Propane Buwe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    9118 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 9118-9122 Scheme 111 Propane Buwe X =CHI and Y = H lossofH2 Z = H-82-8; ethane, 74- 84-0; propane, 74-98-6;butane, 106-97-8. (28) The heats of formation for C3H2are the scaled

  10. Roaming radical pathways for the decomposition of alkanes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harding, L. B.; Klippenstein, S. J. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CASPT2 calculations predict the existence of roaming radical pathways for the decomposition of propane, n-butane, isobutane and neopentane. The roaming radical paths lead to the formation of an alkane and an alkene instead of the expected radical products. The predicted barriers for the roaming radical paths lie {approx}1 kcal/mol below the corresponding radical asymptotes.

  11. MEMS-based fuel cells with integrated catalytic fuel processor and method thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Upadhye, Ravindra S. (Pleasanton, CA); Havstad, Mark A. (Davis, CA)

    2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Described herein is a means to incorporate catalytic materials into the fuel flow field structures of MEMS-based fuel cells, which enable catalytic reforming of a hydrocarbon based fuel, such as methane, methanol, or butane. Methods of fabrication are also disclosed.

  12. DOI: 10.1126/science.1194777 , 211 (2010);330Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineberg, Jay

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .colleagues, clients, or customers by , you can order high-quality copies for yourIf you wish to distribute hydrocarbon plumes is delayed with respect to that of ethane-, propane-, and butane-consuming communities. To identify potential propane- and ethane- consuming bacteria active in the deep plumes, we collected cells

  13. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE C o l l o q u e C8, s u p p l 6 m e n t a u no 1 2 , Tome 47, d 6 c e m b r e 1 9 8 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    cyclopropane, propane, cyclobutane and butane - i l l u s t r a t i n g e f f e c t s of r i n g s t r a i n distribution of unoccupied valence levels. (B) Comparison of gas and condensed phase spectra indicate t h

  14. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 14 May 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girguis, Peter R.

    examined the metabolism of ethane (C2), propane (C3), and butane (C4) in anoxic sediments in contrast-chain alkanes, sulfate reduction INTRODUCTION Hydrocarbongases,includingmethane(C1),ethane(C2),propane (C3, ecological physiology, and diversity of microorganisms mediating this process and the global distribution

  15. Mechanism of alkane dehydrogenation catalyzed by acidic zeolites: Ab initio transition path sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dellago, Christoph

    The dehydrogenation of propane over acidic chabazite has been studied using ab initio density-functional simulations products, the underlying reaction kinetics can be studied by measuring the products distribution. A correct on dehydrogenation and cracking of alkanes including propane, n-butane, n-pentane, and n-hexane catalyzed by zeolites

  16. A thermally self-sustained micro-power plant with integrated micro-solid oxide fuel cells, micro-reformer and functional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    A thermally self-sustained micro-power plant with integrated micro-solid oxide fuel cells, micro Micro-solid oxide fuel cell Thin films Butane reformation Chemical micro-reactors Thermally independent fuel cell (micro-SOFC) systems are an attractive alternative power source for small-size portable

  17. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Jan. 2009, p. 337344 Vol. 75, No. 2 0099-2240/09/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.01758-08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Frances H.

    based on their preferred substrates (30). The soluble and particulate methane monooxygenases (sMMO and p Mike M. Chen,1 Jan B. van Beilen,2 and Frances H. Arnold1 * Division of Chemistry and Chemical by evolutionarily unrelated methane monooxygenases. Propane and butane can be oxidized by CYP enzymes engineered

  18. 2000-32 V'B SAFETY PROVISIONS AND LPG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    metres (m3 ) of LPG (exclusively butane and propane) not including the underground storage sites. Some 90% of these 95 sites were created between 1956 and 1975. These sites have over 300,000 m3 of storage capacity and 82 propane), 200 horizontal tanks and 2 vertical cryogenic tanks (35,000 and 20,000 m3

  19. Understanding the dynamics of a two-phase flow (liquid and gas) has been studied quite extensively over the past. This problem is indeed of direct relevance for many areas such

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    be trapped on the ground because of the presence of an obstacle. The studied products were propane, butane set-up, and pressure storage. 1 INTRODUCTION In many chemical and process plants, gas are stored for the understanding of the flow inside the pipe. The net of pipes linking the storage and the nozzle are composed

  20. This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semprini, Lewis

    for the in situ cometabolic treatment of 1,1-dichloroethene, 1,1-dichloroethane, and 1,1,1-trichloroethane Lewis transformation products of 1,1,1-TCA. Kinetic studies with butane grown enrichment cultures and pure cultures stimulated. The microcosm tests were consistent with the kinetics from mixed and pure cultures. Field studies

  1. Vapour extraction of heavy oil and bitumen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, K.A.; Butler, R.M. [Univ. of Calgary (Canada)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the process of vapor extraction for the recovery of petroleum and bitumen. The selection of solvent is critical, and it is shown that butane may be a good solvent for shallow reservoirs. Experiments are described in a Hele-Shaw cell and Packed Visual Model.

  2. A combined crossed-beam, ab initio, and RiceRamspergerKassel Marcus investigation of the reaction of carbon atoms C,,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    . Benzene has been detected in oxygen-poor methane, ethane, ethylene, propane, and n-butane flames,4 and has to model important pathways for the synthesis of higher polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon derivatives aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs , is essential to understand the formation and fate of complex PAHs in various

  3. ARTICLE IN PRESS S0019-1035(05)00115-6/FLA AID:7629 Vol.() [DTD5] P.1 (1-10)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferris, James P.

    of products were determined. Photolysis of ethylene yields mainly saturated compounds (ethane, propane, and butane) while photolysis of acetylene yields the same saturated compounds as well as ethylene with much smaller amounts of aromatic compounds like benzene, toluene and phenylacetylene. The reaction

  4. Laminar burning velocities of propeneair mixtures at elevated temperatures and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as an intermediate in the combustion of higher alkanes, such as propane, butane, heptane and isooctane, Glassman1 and R. Stone*2 Propene (C3H6) is a key intermediate species in the combustion of higher alkanes­air List of symbols A inside surface area of the vessel B inside diameter of the vessel cp specific heat e

  5. Combustion and Flame 145 (2006) 324338 www.elsevier.com/locate/combustflame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, �mer L.

    . Guo et al. / Combustion and Flame 145 (2006) 324­338 325 for ethylene, propane, and butane counterflowCombustion and Flame 145 (2006) 324­338 www.elsevier.com/locate/combustflame Numerical study into account. Radiation heat transfer from CO2, CO, H2O, and soot was calculated using the discrete- ordinates

  6. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING J. Micromech. Microeng. 16 (2006) S211S219 doi:10.1088/0960-1317/16/9/S07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    pressure of liquefied fuel. Combustion of the fuel then takes place, and heat generated is used in micro such as butane and propane have 100 times larger energy density. Power MEMS devices, taking advantage, which is harvested from fuel combustion, to electric energy, micro devices for feeding fuel and air

  7. Water Use Permitting (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Withdrawers in the Great Lakes Basin who withdraw water in quantities that average 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period are required to get a water use permit. Two types of water...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biofuel Production Tax Credit Biofuel producers in New York State may qualify for a state tax credit of 0.15 per gallon of biodiesel (B100) or denatured ethanol produced after the...

  9. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Durable Energy Builders, Houston...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    roof, 11,500 gallon rainwater cistern to supply most of the home's drinking water, hurricane-proof roof, and triple-pane windows. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Durable Energy...

  10. Analyzing Aqueous Solution Imbibition into Shale and the Effects of Optimizing Critical Fracturing Fluid Additives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plamin, Sammazo Jean-bertrand

    2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Two methods of hydraulic fracturing most widely utilized on unconventional shale gas and oil reservoirs are “gelled fracturing” and “slick-water fracturing”. Both methods utilize up to several million gallons of water-based fluid per well in a...

  11. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    315 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2008 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

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    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    70 80 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2001 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

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    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    200 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2007 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  14. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    S O N D 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and...

  15. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    50 60 J F M A M J J A S O N D 1999 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    160 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2006 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    80 90 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2000 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 J...

  19. Prices J F M A M J J A S O N D

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    7 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes Figure Volumes J F M A M J J...

  20. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    265 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2009 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  1. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    45 50 J F M A M J J A S O N D 1998 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  2. Prices J F M A M J J A S O N D

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    6 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes Figure Volumes J F M A M J J...

  3. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    160 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2005 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    120 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2004 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  5. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    120 J F M A M J J A S O N D 2003 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Retail < or 1% Wholesale < or 1% Retail > 1% Wholesale > 1% Figure 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    green diesel producers are eligible for a tax credit of 0.01 per gallon of biodiesel or green diesel fuels produced. This credit is available for producers who generate up to two...

  7. SBIR/STTR FY15 Release 1 Awards Announced-Includes Fuel Cell...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and delivering hydrogen to less than 4 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) to enable fuel cell vehicles to be competitive with gasoline vehicles. Key fuel cell objectives are...

  8. Analysis of various fuels in DISI and PFI engines : separating mixing effects from crevice and quench layer effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avadhany, Sareena

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States consumes billions of gallons of gasoline per year, threatening national security and causing environmental problems. Research in automotive research aims to resolve such problems. Solutions include ...

  9. Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corts, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gallon of gasoline (not E85 or ethanol) consumed, assumingpercentage blend (85% ethanol), known as E85, which can beWisconsin indicate that ethanol blended as E85 accounted for

  10. Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eighty-five percent ethanol (E85). This equipment generallyof E85 actually result in increased ethanol consumption? 2.Gallons of E85 or less than 1% of ethanol sold that year.

  11. Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggert, Anthony

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eighty-five percent ethanol (E85). This equipment generallyof E85 actually result in increased ethanol consumption? 2.Gallons of E85 or less than 1% of ethanol sold that year.

  12. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    03 Table A1. RefinerReseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1984-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Regular Midgrade Premium...

  13. May 12, 2012 SitRep

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability 2 According to EIA, PADD 3 retail regular gasoline prices rose 0.9 cent to 2.79 per gallon in EIA's weekly survey published on May...

  14. Imagine that, in the not-so-far distant future, Maryland rights its economy to become a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    to recharge at an electric station along the highway. With $4-per-gallon gasoline prices still fresh on gasoline as a backup. The need to end America's dependency on oil has become a national security issue

  15. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (MY) 1975 had combined highwaycity fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less blue shading. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or higher green shading and...

  16. Economic and emissions impacts of renewable fuel goals for aviation in the US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnachie, Dominic

    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the economic and emissions impacts of this goal ...

  17. Port Townsend, Washington biomass genera4on of electricity ini4a4ve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by 1.8 million gallons per year due to improvements in the boiler efficiency into town each day?). Suppose the plant is 20% efficient in converting heat into electricity. Dry wood

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    natural gas (CNG) 0.243 per 100 cubic feet Liquefied natural gas 0.178 per gallon Hydrogen 0.07 per 100 cubic feet Hydrogen CNG 0.208 per 100 cubic feet For more information...

  19. Response to Professor Hayes' response. Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    1 Response to Professor Hayes' response. Christopher R. Knittel and Aaron Smith We wrote and $1.09/gallon in 2011. These claims have received significant media coverage and have

  20. Fact #587: September 7, 2009 Cash for Clunkers Program - Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Federal rebate money for consumers who traded old vehicles with an EPA combined fuel economy of 18 miles per gallon or less for brand new vehicles with improved fuel economy. The...

  1. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy...

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    State Parkway toll rates through NJ EZ-Pass for drivers of vehicles that have a fuel economy of 45 miles per gallon or higher and meet the California Super Ultra Low Emission...

  3. c34a.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per Gallon (dollars) All Buildings ... 3,533 0.10 3.9 0.11 1.11 Building Floorspace...

  4. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Oct. 2009, p. 60876093 Vol. 75, No. 19 0099-2240/09/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.01538-09

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wilfred

    of bioethanol from biomass has recently at- tracted attention due to the mandate for a billion gallons bioethanol more competitive with fossil fuel (29). Cellulosic biomass found in many low-value agricul- tural

  5. Georgia Institute of Technology For more information contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    required to produce bioethanol, or ethanol obtained from the carbohydrates in many agricultural crops Bioethanol produced from corn is being manufactured at a rate of more than five billion gallons per year

  6. Development of grout formulations for 106-AN waste: Mixture-experiment results and analysis. Volume 1, Narrative and recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spence, R.D.; McDaniel, E.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Anderson, C.M.; Lokken, R.O.; Piepel, G.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty potential ingredients were identified for use in developing a 106-AN grout formulation, and 18 were subsequently obtained and tested. Four ingredients-Type II-LA (moderate heat of hydration) Portland cement, Class F fly ash, attapulgite 150 drilling clay, and ground air-cooled blast-furnace slag (GABFS) were selected for developing the 106-AN grout formulations. A mixture experiment was designed and conducted around the following formulation: 2.5 lb of cement per gallon, 1.2 lb of fly ash per gallon, 0.8 lb of attapulgite per gallon, and 3.5 lb of GABFS per gallon. Reduced empirical models were generated from the results of the mixture experiment. These models were used to recommend several grout formulations for 106-AN. Westinghouse Hanford Company selected one of these formulations to be verified for use with 106-AN and a backup formulation in case problems arise with the first choice.

  7. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    underground pipeline leak of 1,000,000 liters of gas intoPipeline Safety reported annual leaks of approximately 6.7 million gallons of oil and gas

  8. South Carolina Surface Water Withdrawal, Permitting Use, and Reporting Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Surface water withdrawals exceeding three million gallons during any one month require a permit; a permit will only be granted if the Department of Health and Environmental Control determines that...

  9. Market Cost of Renewable Jet Fuel Adoption in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winchester, N.

    The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...

  10. Animals on Campus Responsible Administrative Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas housing hazardous materials or machinery. 3.3 Except for trained service animals1 and fish: March 5, 2013 Page 2 of 2 3.4 Aquariums no larger than 30 gallons containing fish or turtles

  11. Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    generation and 330,000 pph of steam, a 75,000 ton-hour (8.8 million gallon) thermal energy storage tank, and an additional 32,000 tons of chilled water capacity. The CHP system...

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas, have a reduced tax rate of 0.27 per gallon....

  13. NETPLAN Passenger Network Modeling and Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Thomas E.

    Fuel (M Gallon) -62.76 -3.89 Electricity (GWh) 2.51 0.34 4 #12;CO2 Emission ­ Passenger Transportation.31 times existing fleet availability of passengers cars and trucks (in PCE) · Air - No investments ­ 1

  14. lab_news-2015-04-17.qxp_la02_02-20-04

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    engine flows at high speed needed to maximize miles per gallon. It uses a novel light-emitting diode (LED) driver and optical arrangement to gather more than five times the...

  15. Massachusetts - SEP | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    miles per gallon (MPG) ratings tell us how much gas they'll use. But no universal home energy rating label exists to explain our home's efficiency and how much it will cost to...

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    0.24 per gallon. E85 is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of denatured ethanol and hydrocarbon and typically contains 85% ethanol by volume, but must contain at...

  17. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ethanol Production Tax Credit Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of 1.00 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM...

  18. Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of $1 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM standard D4806. The total credit amount available for all...

  19. Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    $1.85 a gallon. Crude oil prices in early 2009 were stillBut in light of fluctuating oil prices and concerns aboutwhen the inevitable rise in oil prices occurs with economic

  20. Rainwater for the future: Rainwater harvesting increases in popularity across the state 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orth, Melanie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2011 tx H2O 23 Story by Melanie Orth ] Richard Green constructed an underground 20,000- gallon concrete tank for a rainwater harvesting system for his business. Photo by Richard Green. Rainwater harvesting increases...

  1. New Biorefinery Will Bring Jobs to Northeastern Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In northeastern Oregon, ZeaChem, a Colorado-based biofuel company, recently broke ground on a 250,000 gallon integrated cellulosic biorefinery. The technology development project is expected to be operating in 2011.

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Renewable Fuel Producer Excise Tax and Inspection Exemption The first 1,000 gallons of renewable fuel that an individual produces each year are exempt from the motor vehicle fuel...

  3. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and food waste generating 1 MWof electricity. The Columbus digester is creating excess biogas that has the potential to generate 275,912 gallons of gasoline equivalent (gge) each...

  4. The Hanford Story: Tank Waste Cleanup

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fourth chapter of The Hanford Story explains how the DOE Office of River Protection will use the Waste Treatment Plant to treat the 56 million gallons of radioactive waste in the Tank Farms.

  5. Congressional Research Service The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tenth of one cent per gallon is dedicated to the Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust Fund; 2.86 cents taxes have long been a part of our country's revenue history. In the field of gasoline taxation

  6. self-guided tour of the tempe campus "Sustainability is larger than one person, one company, or one country.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    was recycled. Underground Thermal Storage Tank Under the Student Recreation Complex athletic field there is a thermal storage tank containing 5.5 million gallons of chilled water. Water chills at night during non

  7. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Ultra Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

  8. December 14, 2009 Application for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    furnaces, one serving the lower floor and one serving the upper floor. A large 75 gallon storage tank water heater serves the whole house. The prototype house description is based on a survey of previously

  9. EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4.09 and 4.49 per gallon in 2035-higher levels than in the AEO2011 Reference case. Annual average diesel prices are higher than gasoline prices throughout the projection...

  10. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    See footnotes at end of table. Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  12. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    oil and fuel. Currently, this facility has a capacity of 400 gallons per day. Nava Bio-Energy proposes to construct a new 30 foot x 40 foot facility in an area suitable for...

  13. Vehicles Blog | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    retail price or a multi-state regional average price reported by EIA. The latest gasoline pricing data is available on EIA's webpage. Find out more at www.energy.goveGallon.<...

  14. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric Drivetrain Electric Drivetrain Conv. DieselDiesel Hyb. Conv. LNG-SI LNG-SI Hyb. Conv. LNG-CI LNG-CICompression Ignition Carbon Dioxide Diesel Gallon Equivalent

  15. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 to 10 cents per gallon. 5 The State of Alaska suspended its motor fuels taxes on all fuel types and uses for a period of one year beginning September 1, 2008 and ending August...

  16. Explanatory Notes

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    cent tax" and a second local tax. These taxes add an average of 11.3 cents to the motor fuel State tax. In Hawaii, LOTS are as follows: Honolulu: 16.5 cents per gallon; Maui:...

  17. PRESS RELEASE 2 February 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRESS RELEASE 2 February 2010 Replica house flooded by 196,000 gallons of water to test flood extensive hydraulic laboratory at Wallingford. To streamline the test procedures, HR Wallingford have

  18. Acceptable Materials for Recycling at Colorado State University Mixed Paper -Acceptable Items

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nalgene bottles Glass drinking bottles & food jars Aluminum Tin and steel cans Five-gallon buckets - can bags Automotive chemical containers, including motor oil and anti-freeze Pesticide containers Styrofoam

  19. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1996 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No. 4 Fuel Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  20. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  1. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  2. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1997 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No. 4 Fuel Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  3. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No. 4 Fuel Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  4. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Motor Vehicle Commission: An U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) average fuel efficiency economy rating of less than 19 miles per gallon (mpg); or A sales or lease price of...

  6. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due...

  7. Demonstration of the feasibility of milking lipids from algae for biodiesel production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coiner, Ryan Lee

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A major challenge to the development of industrial-scale biodiesel production from cultured algae is the identification of energy efficient and cost effective methods of harvesting/dewatering algal cells. Producing 1 gallon of biodiesel from algae...

  8. Water Usage Law, Major Water Users (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any water user with the capability to withdraw or divert 100,000 gallons or more per day from any stream, river, lake, well, spring or other water source must register and file for a permit for...

  9. Transforming the Oil Industry into the Energy Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of US Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases36 billion gallons of biofuels to be sold annually by 2022,billion must be advanced biofuels, while 15 billion can be

  10. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power plants, water withdrawals for electricity generationelectricity generation in 2009 (33). Water used in thermal electric power plantsplant with CCS technologies requires roughly 1,000 gallons of water for every megawatt-hour of electricity generation (

  11. Water Use Act of 1967 (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This act sets rules for withdrawing waters in excess of 100,000 gallons per day, for constructing, installing or operating any new well or withdrawal facilities having a capacity in excess of a...

  12. Portsmouth Paducah Project Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contamination from more than 2.4 billion gallons. C-400 TCE Source Reduction Interim Remedial Action In 2005, DOE, the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the U.S. Environmental...

  13. Farm to Fly 2.0: Energy Department Joins Initiative to Bring...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    jet fuel with the end goal of producing about 1 billion gallons of drop-in aviation biofuels a year by 2018. During the recent Biomass 2014 conference, Assistant Secretary for...

  14. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    It takes a lot of energy to run a water treatment plant round-the-clock. And pumping 35 million gallons of water a day to hundreds of thousands businesses and residents...

  15. Technology Integration Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Next-Steps when R&D is completed Roughly 10% of VTP base budget supports Deployment (Technology Introduction) efforts Over 3.5 Billion Gallons of Petroleum Reduction since...

  16. Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Idling vehicles use up to several billion gallons of fuel and emit large quantities of air pollution and greenhouse gases each year. Saving money with shorter stops St. Johns is...

  17. Pilot-scale fermentation of office paper and chicken manure to carboxylic acids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moody, Andrew Garret

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on scaling up the laboratory fermentation of biomass to carboxylic acids. Four 1050-gallon tanks were used to simulate four-stage countercurrent fermentation. Most laboratory fermentations have been performed with 1-L fermentors...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Alternative Fuel Tax Rate A distributor of any alternative fuel used to operate an internal combustion engine must pay a license tax of 0.0025 for each gallon of alternative fuel...

  19. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate No. 2 Distillate a No. 4 Fuel b Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  20. Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils and Kerosene by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Kerosene No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

  1. Table A3. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Distillate and Residual...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate No. 2...

  2. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    39 Table A3. RefinerReseller Prices of Distillate and Residual Fuel Oils, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year No. 1 Distillate...

  3. Energy Education and Training: A Matter of Operational Necessity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    “Getting more mission out of every gallon” drove the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) to host an Energy Education and Training meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy on June 11-12, 2014. The meeting was...

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Natural Gas Fuel Tax Compressed natural gas (CNG) used as a vehicle fuel is taxed on a gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) basis as follows: 0.05 GGE from January 1, 2016, until...

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax and Fee Compressed natural gas (CNG) used in motor vehicles is subject to a state motor fuel tax of 0.05 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) until January 1, 2020. Beginning...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax CNG is taxed at a rate of 0.10 per gallon when used as a motor fuel. CNG is defined as natural gas that has been compressed for use as a motor...

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Tax and Permit A 0.13 per gallon tax is imposed on CNG used for operating motor vehicles on public highways. For the purpose of determining the tax on...

  8. Water Use for Hydraulic Fracturing: A Texas Sized Problem? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeClere, David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The state of Texas could face a 2.7 trillion gallon shortfall of water by 2060. Hydraulic fracturing (HF) requires large amounts of water for each well. Tax incentives should be offered to companies that substitute brackish ...

  9. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and J. Sathaye Enhanced Oil Recovery J. Sathaye and M.gallons/ day/ft. ) ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY* J. Sathaye and M.of tertiary or enhanced oil recovery (EOR). These methods

  10. Highway Electrification And Automation Technologies - Regional Impacts Analysis Project: Phase Iii: Impacts Analysis Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scag; Path

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for this study. retail price of gasoline was set at $1.45Inuut Data 1.45 Retail price of gasoline, $/gallon, taxesof retail gasoline initial vehicle cost. prices, overall

  11. Shielded Payload Containers Will Enhance the Safety and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) · External dimensions = 55-gal drum, internal capacity for a standard 30-gallon drum · Transport in 3-pack within ICV · 6.5 inch crush of bottom end axial dunnage and aluminum honeycomb spacer equates

  12. PHYSICAL PLANT POLICY & PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    gasoline and 2,000 gallons of diesel fuel. Generator tanks vary in fuel capacity, see attached generator list. At least one time per quarter, each emergency generator diesel and propane fuel tank shall

  13. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 C-750B Diesel UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southeast corner of C-750 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 10,000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL STATUS: Removed...

  14. National Park Service - Lake Powell, Utah | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Glen Canyon National Recreation Area. The Dangling Rope Marina operates by using diesel generators to supply power. They use 65,000 gallons of diesel fuel per year that has...

  15. Efficient Resource and Energy Allocation for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    Networks #12;Base Station Power and User Diversity · Sparse area using diesel generator operated mobile BS, Vodafone uses excess of 1 million gallons diesel per day. · Power consumption per subscriber depends

  16. Fact #663: February 21, 2011 Clean Cities Program Petroleum Displaceme...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    - 220.1 gasoline-gallon equivalents (GGE), or 69.8% of total displacement. Using biodiesel blends instead of 100% petroleum-based diesel accounted for 53.5 GGEs, which was 17%...

  17. EECBG Success Story: How Chula Vista, California is Turning Cooking...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Department. The city of Chula Vista, California has installed a new 10,000 gallon biodiesel fuel tank to facilitate the conversion of over 125 heavy-duty fleet vehicles to...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Production Incentive A qualified Kansas biodiesel producer is eligible for a production incentive of 0.30 per gallon of biodiesel sold. The incentive is payable from the...

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel is exempt from the 0.30 per gallon state motor fuel tax. Biodiesel may be blended with other fuel for use in motor vehicles, but only the...

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use A biodiesel producer that produces up to 5,000 gallons of biodiesel fuel in a calendar year for personal consumption is...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Blending Tax Credit A biodiesel blender located in Indiana may receive a credit of 0.02 per gallon of blended biodiesel produced at a facility located in Indiana. The Indiana...

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit Qualified biodiesel producers or blenders are eligible for an income tax credit of 1.00 per gallon of pure biodiesel (B100) or...

  3. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Into Savings The city of Chula Vista, California has installed a new 10,000 gallon biodiesel fuel tank to facilitate the conversion of over 125 heavy-duty fleet vehicles to...

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are taxed at the state motor fuel excise tax rate of 0.22 per gallon. Beginning the fiscal quarter after which a biodiesel production facility...

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    10% cellulosic ethanol. All diesel fuel sold in Pennsylvania must contain at least 2% biodiesel (B2) one year after in-state production of biodiesel reaches 40 million gallons. The...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    receive a quarterly incentive for selling and dispensing renewable fuels, including biodiesel. A qualified motor fuel dealer is eligible for up to 0.065 for every gallon of...

  7. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Production Tax Credit A biodiesel producer located in Indiana may receive a credit of 1.00 per gallon of biodiesel produced and used in biodiesel blends. The Indiana Economic...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Tax Refund A licensed distributor who pays the special fuel tax on biodiesel may claim a refund equal to 0.02 per gallon of biodiesel sold during the previous quarter if...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit A licensed fuel supplier who blends biodiesel or green diesel with diesel fuel may claim an income tax credit of 0.05 per gallon for fuel containing...

  10. SEP Success Story: Farming Out Heat and Electricity through Biopower...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in Skagit County, Washington, supply the biodigester developed by Kevin Maas of Farm Power up to 70,000 gallons of manure per day. The newest Farm Power facility in Washington...

  11. 2012 State Fair 4-H Energy Robotics Challenge Level A Groups attempt tasks 1-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    . Ending a reliance on coal will also save 100,000 gallons per year of diesel fuel, since trucks will no longer be hauling coal from the mines of West Virginia. CHALLENGE: Your robot will knock down a giant

  12. CX-004368: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    closed ground-loop serving one nominal 80-ton scroll water chiller and one nominal 80-ton heat-reclaim scroll water heater. Two 232 gallons per minute (gpm) pumps serve the closed...

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    A tax credit of 0.50 per gallon is available for the sale or use of liquefied hydrogen used to produce a mixture containing a taxable fuel. To be eligible, an alternative...

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    tax filing deadline. A tax credit of 0.50 per gallon is available for liquefied hydrogen that is sold for use or used as a fuel to operate a motor vehicle. For an entity to...

  15. U.S. Department of Energy and the Automotive X PRIZE Foundation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    vehicles that exceed 100 miles per gallon, or its energy equivalent fuel efficiency, and win a cross-country stage race. This effort is integral to the Department's work to promote...

  16. Development of a Web-Based, Emissions Reduction Calculator for Storm Water/Infiltration Sanitary Sewage Separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Haberl, J. S.; Brumbelow, K.; Culp, C.; Gilman, D.; Yazdani, B.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of wastewater treated to the rainfall, and a second step that correlates the gallons of wastewater treated to the electricity consumed during a given period. The procedure integrates ASHRAE's Inverse Model Toolkit (IMT) for the weather-normalization analysis...

  17. Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland allows individuals and corporations to take an income tax credit of $0.03/gallon for purchases of biodiesel used for space heating or water heating. The maximum credit is $500 per year. It...

  18. aviation airport runways: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    chillers ? 6 million gallon thermal storage tank ? 4 boilers ? 33,000 lbshr steam ? 1 boiler... Dennis, J. R. 2011-01-01 19 Runway Sequencing with Holding Patterns...

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Tax For taxation purposes, liquefied petroleum gas (propane) used as a motor vehicle fuel must be converted to gasoline gallon equivalents (GGE) using the conversion factor of 4.24...

  20. CX-000024: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Block Grant funds in order to replace three residential standard 30 and 40 gallon propane fired water heaters with propane-fired on-demand water heaters (tankless). These new...