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1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

2

Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

3

eGallon-methodology-final  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon eGallon How much does it cost to drive an electric vehicle the same distance you could go on one gallon of gas? The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon."

4

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

5

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

6

Diesel prices top $4 per gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices top 4 per gallon The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel surpassed the four dollar mark for the first time this year. Prices rose to 4.02 a gallon...

7

Beyond a Billion: Clean Cities Coaliations Have Displaced More Than a Billion Gallons of Gasoline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2004, DOE's Clean Cities achieved a milestone - displacing the equivalent of more than 1 billion gallons of gasoline since 1994. This fact sheet describes how Clean Cities achieved this goal.

Not Available

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

1 million gallons of grout.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Historic Milestone Achieved as 1 Million Gallons of Grout Historic Milestone Achieved as 1 Million Gallons of Grout Is Poured into SRS Waste Tanks 18 and 19 AIKEN, S.C. (May 9, 2012) - Operational closure of the next two radioactive waste tanks at the Savannah River Site (SRS) has achieved a historic milestone with the placement of over 1 million gallons of grout inside the massive underground tanks. Filling Tanks 18 and 19 began on April 2, 2012. As of today, over 1 million gallons of

9

eGallon | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon eGallon eGallon eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 路 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 路 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average price reported by EIA. The latest gasoline pricing data is available on EIA's webpage. Find out more at www.energy.gov/eGallon

10

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) Period 2000 2001 (2) 2002 2003 2004 "gross" to "net" , was deemed impractical. (5) This report replaces the Gross Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline) report which will not be produced after December 2002. (6) The November 2007

11

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for $1.14 Per Gallon for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon June 11, 2013 - 7:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today launched the eGallon - a quick and simple way for consumers to compare the costs of fueling electric vehicles vs. driving on gasoline. Today's national average eGallon price is about $1.14, meaning that a typical electric vehicle could travel as far on $1.14 worth of electricity as a similar vehicle could travel on a gallon of gasoline. "Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle. The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an

12

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon Driving for $1.14 Per Gallon June 11, 2013 - 7:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today launched the eGallon - a quick and simple way for consumers to compare the costs of fueling electric vehicles vs. driving on gasoline. Today's national average eGallon price is about $1.14, meaning that a typical electric vehicle could travel as far on $1.14 worth of electricity as a similar vehicle could travel on a gallon of gasoline. "Consumers can see gasoline prices posted at the corner gas station, but are left in the dark on the cost of fueling an electric vehicle. The eGallon will bring greater transparency to vehicle operating costs, and help drivers figure out how much they might save on fuel by choosing an

13

FIFTY-FIVE GALLON DRUM STANDARD STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fifty-five gallon drums are routinely used within the U.S. for the storage and eventual disposal of fissionable materials as Transuranic or low-level waste. To support these operations, criticality safety evaluations are required. A questionnaire was developed and sent to selected Endusers at Hanford, Idaho National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Oak Ridge and the Savannah River Site to solicit current practices. This questionnaire was used to gather information on the kinds of fissionable materials packaged into drums, the models used in performing criticality safety evaluations in support of operations involving these drums, and the limits and controls established for the handling and storage of these drums. The completed questionnaires were reviewed and clarifications solicited through individual communications with each Enduser to obtain more complete and consistent responses. All five sites have similar drum operations involving thousands to tens of thousands of fissionable material waste drums. The primary sources for these drums are legacy (prior operations) and decontamination and decommissioning wastes at all sites except Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The results from this survey and our review are discussed in this paper.

PUIGH RJ

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

14

eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This month, we're updating eGallon prices and taking a look at how the U.S. electric vehicle market continues to strengthen.

15

Criticality Safety Controls for 55-Gallon Drums with a Mass Limit of 200 grams Pu-239  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following 200-gram Pu drum criticality safety controls are applicable to RHWM drum storage operations: (1) Mass (Fissile/Pu) - each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent shall be limited to 200 gram Pu or Pu equivalent; (2) Moderation - Hydrogen materials with a hydrogen density greater than that (0.133 g H/cc) of polyethylene and paraffin are not allowed and hydrogen materials with a hydrogen density no greater than that of polyethylene and paraffin are allowed with unlimited amounts; (3) Interaction - a spacing of 30-inches (76 cm) is required between arrays and 200-gram Pu drums shall be placed in arrays for 200-gram Pu drums only (no mingling of 200-gram Pu drums with other drums not meeting the drum controls associated with the 200-gram limit); (4) Reflection - no beryllium and carbon/graphite (other than the 50-gram waiver amount) is allowed, (note that Nat-U exceeding the waiver amount is allowed when its U-235 content is included in the fissile mass limit of 200 grams); and (5) Geometry - drum geometry, only 55-gallon drum or its equivalent shall be used and array geometry, 55-gallon drums are allowed for 2-high stacking. Steel waste boxes may be stacked 3-high if constraint.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

16

Development of a model for predicting transient hydrogen venting in 55-gallon drums  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Remote drum venting was performed on a population of unvented high activity drums (HAD) in the range of 63 to 435 plutonium equivalent Curies (PEC). These 55-gallon Transuranic (TRU) drums will eventually be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). As a part of this process, the development of a calculational model was required to predict the transient hydrogen concentration response of the head space and polyethylene liner (if present) within the 55-gallon drum. The drum and liner were vented using a Remote Drum Venting System (RDVS) that provided a vent sampling path for measuring flammable hydrogen vapor concentrations and allow hydrogen to diffuse below lower flammability limit (LFL) concentrations. One key application of the model was to determine the transient behavior of hydrogen in the head space, within the liner, and the sensitivity to the number of holes made in the liner or number of filters. First-order differential mass transport equations were solved using Laplace transformations and numerically to verify the results. the Mathematica 6.0 computing tool was also used as a validation tool and for examining larger than two chamber systems. Results will be shown for a variety of configurations, including 85-gallon and 110-gallon overpack drums. The model was also validated against hydrogen vapor concentration assay measurements.

Apperson, Jason W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clemmons, James S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garcia, Michael D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sur, John C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Duan Z [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Romero, Michael J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Criticality safety evaluation of Rocky Flats Plant one-gallon shipping containers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Criticality safety calculations have been performed to provide an analytical basis for handling, storage and transport of Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) one-gallon shipping containers. A mass limit was establish for metal (solid uranium or plutonium) and slurries (undissolved U or Pu solids in a ``mud,`` ``sludge,`` or ``slurry``). A separate volume limit was developed for plutonium solutions (liquids, either aqueous or organic, containing no visible undissolved solids).

Shaw, M.E.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Criticality safety evaluation of Rocky Flats Plant one-gallon shipping containers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Criticality safety calculations have been performed to provide an analytical basis for handling, storage and transport of Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) one-gallon shipping containers. A mass limit was establish for metal (solid uranium or plutonium) and slurries (undissolved U or Pu solids in a mud,'' sludge,'' or slurry''). A separate volume limit was developed for plutonium solutions (liquids, either aqueous or organic, containing no visible undissolved solids).

Shaw, M.E.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

per gallon on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis with the exception of liquefied petroleum gas (propane), which is taxed on a diesel gallon equivalent basis. Special fuels...

20

REVIEW SHEET 3 (1) A tank contains 100 gallon of salt water which ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution of 2lbs of salt per gallon enters the tank at a rate of 3 gallons per minute while a flow of fresh water runs into the tank at a rate of 5 gallons per minute.

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Neutron Screening Measurements of 110 gallon drums at T Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Nondestructive Assay (NDA) Service Center was contracted to develop and demonstrate a simple and inexpensive method of assaying 110 gallon drums at the Hanford Site抯 T-Plant. The drums contained pucks of crushed old drums used for storage of transuranic (TRU) waste. The drums were to be assayed to determine if they meet the criteria for TRU or Low Level Waste (LLW). Because of the dense matrix (crushed steel drums) gamma measurement techniques were excluded and a mobile, configurable neutron system, consisting of four sequentially connected slab detectors was chosen to be used for this application. An optimum measurement configuration was determined through multiple test measurements with californium source. Based on these measurements the initial calibration of the system was performed applying the isotopic composition for aged weapon-grade plutonium. A series of background and blank puck drum measurements allowed estimating detection limits for both total (singles) and coincidence (doubles) counting techniques. It was found that even conservative estimates for minimum detection concentration using singles count rate were lower than the essential threshold of 100 nCi/g. Whereas the detection limit of coincidence counting appeared to be about as twice as high of the threshold. A series of measurements intended to verify the technique and revise the initial calibration obtained were performed at the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) facility with plutonium standards. Standards with a total mass of 0.3 g of plutonium (which is estimated to be equivalent of 100 nCi/g for net waste weight of 300 kg) loaded in the test puck drum were clearly detected. The following measurements of higher plutonium loadings verified the calibration factors obtained in the initial exercise. The revised and established calibration factors were also confirmed within established uncertainties by additional measurements of plutonium standards in various locations in the test drum. Due to necessity to dispense the blank test drum an alternative method of baseline determination was established during field measurements. Count rates of ambient background were corrected by the differences between observed background and blank test drum count rates which were previously determined over a series of measurements. Only 31 drums out of 352 counted during the intensive measurement campaign at T-Plant were determined to be Suspect TRU. 25 of these drums were re-measured at the WRAP facility using the SuperHENC. Of the 25 drums measured, 21 were confirmed to be TRU and the remaining four LLW.

Mozhayev, Andrey V.; Hilliard, James R.; Berg, Randal K.

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

22

Reducing Petroleum, One Billion Gallons at a Time  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In 2013, the Clean Cities Program and its stakeholders saved more than one billion gallons of petroleum. Last Friday, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy抯 Deputy Assistant Secretary for Sustainable Transportation Reuben Sarkar announced this milestone at the kick-off event on the National Mall for the National Alternative Fuel Vehicle Day Odyssey (Odyssey Day).

23

U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline price expected to drop further below 3 per gallon The national average pump price of gasoline dropped below 3 per gallon last week for the first time in nearly four...

24

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

6: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil Fact 676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of...

25

Toxicity testing results on increased supernate treatment rate of 3700 gallons/batch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In July, 1991, Reactor Materials increased the supernate treatment concentration in the M-Area Dilute Effluent Treatment Facility from 2700 gallons of supernate per 36000 gallon dilute wastewater batch to 3700 gallons/batch. This report summarizes the toxicity testing on the effluents of the increased treatment rate.(JL)

Pickett, J.B.; Martin, H.L.; Diener, G.A.

1992-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

26

Toxicity testing results on increased supernate treatment rate of 3700 gallons/batch. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In July, 1991, Reactor Materials increased the supernate treatment concentration in the M-Area Dilute Effluent Treatment Facility from 2700 gallons of supernate per 36000 gallon dilute wastewater batch to 3700 gallons/batch. This report summarizes the toxicity testing on the effluents of the increased treatment rate.(JL)

Pickett, J.B.; Martin, H.L.; Diener, G.A.

1992-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write your monthly gasoline cost C in terms of the distance D that you travel each month

Koban, Nic

28

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains which result in...

29

CSER 96-027: storage of cemented plutonium residue containers in 55 gallon drums  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear criticality safety analysis has been performed for the storage of residual plutonium cementation containers, produced at the Plutonium Finishing Plant, in 55 gallon drums. This CSER increases the limit of total plutonium stored in each 55 gallon drum from 100 to 200 grams.

Watson, W.T.

1997-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

30

Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks Workers Pour 1 Million Gallons of Grout into Massive Tanks May 15, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Cement trucks transport a specially formulated grout that is pumped into the waste tanks. Cement trucks transport a specially formulated grout that is pumped into the waste tanks. AIKEN, S.C. - Workers have poured more than 1 million gallons of a cement-like grout into two underground radioactive waste tanks, moving the Savannah River Site (SRS) nearer to closing the massive structures. SRS and liquid waste contractor Savannah River Remediation are working to fill the 1.3-million-gallon Tanks 18 and 19 with grout, a project that began April 2. Grouting of the tanks, ancillary piping and equipment is scheduled for completion in late summer.

31

eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Initiatives 禄 eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs Initiatives 禄 eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs eGallon: Understanding the Cost of Driving EVs For most drivers, a trip to the fuel pump is an easy reminder of the day-to-day cost of gasoline or diesel fuel. But for electric vehicle (EV) drivers, who typically charge their car at home, there isn't a similar measurement to determine the cost of driving on electricity. To help both current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created the eGallon. The eGallon represents the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. For example, if gasoline costs $3.60 a gallon in your state and the eGallon price for your state is $1.20, that means that for $1.20 worth of electricity you can

32

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? The eGallon: How Much Cheaper Is It to Drive on Electricity? June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 路 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 路 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

33

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 路 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 路 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

34

eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture August 19, 2013 - 8:30am Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 路 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 路 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

35

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important eGallon: What It Is and Why It's Important June 10, 2013 - 11:00pm Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 路 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 路 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

36

EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. July 19, 2013 - 8:45am Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 路 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 路 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

37

DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water DOE Moab Site Cost-Effectively Eliminates 200 Million Gallons of Contaminated Ground Water July 29, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis View of the evaporation pond (right center) on the tailings pile with the forced-air evaporators running. The extraction wells are between the pile and the Colorado River, which can be seen in the lower left. View of the evaporation pond (right center) on the tailings pile with the forced-air evaporators running. The extraction wells are between the pile and the Colorado River, which can be seen in the lower left. Media Contacts Donald Metzler, donald.metzler@gjem.doe.gov (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, wryan@gjemtac.doe.gov (970) 257-2145 Grand Junction, CO - The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that

38

LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up ... LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily Posted By Office of Public Affairs

39

NREL: Continuum Magazine - At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be Cost Competitive At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be Cost Competitive Issue 5 Print Version Share this resource At $2.15 a Gallon, Cellulosic Ethanol Could Be Cost Competitive DOE challenge met-research advances cut costs to produce fuel from non-food plant sources. A photo showing a silhouette of a man wearing glass in a dark room lit only by a band of light consisting or red, blue, and white dots (26186). Enlarge image In NREL's new Energy Systems Integration Facility, the Insight Collaboration Laboratory shows a 3D model of cellulose microfibrils. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL Imagine a near perfect transportation fuel-it's clean, domestic, abundant, and renewable. Now imagine that it's also affordable. Bringing this vision closer to reality was the challenge the U.S.

40

LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up ... LANL's sanitary facility can now recycle up to 300,000 gallons of water daily Posted By Office of Public Affairs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the impact of industrial biofuels on people and global hunger Meals per gallon #12;Contents Executive summary 2 Chapter 1: Introduction 6 Chapter 2: Industrial biofuels 颅 the context 8 What's driving the EU industrial biofuel boom? 9 Chapter 3: What's wrong with industrial biofuels? 12 Industrial

42

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 5038: Hydrogen Cost Competitive on a Cents per Mile Basis - 2006  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 Date: May 22, 2006 8 Date: May 22, 2006 Title: Hydrogen Cost Competitive on a Cents per Mile Basis - 2006 Originator: Patrick Davis & Steve Chalk Approved by: JoAnn Milliken Approval Date: May 22, 2006 Item : Lower the cost of hydrogen from natural gas to be competitive on a cents per mile basis with conventional gasoline vehicles. Supporting Information: The results of a 2003 economic analysis were used to estimate the cost of hydrogen produced from distributed natural gas reforming at $5 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) (See U.S. DOE Record 5030: Hydrogen Baseline Cost of $5 per gge in 2003; available at http://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/program_records). Since the original analysis, DOE-sponsored R&D has resulted in significant cost reductions,

43

"Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)" Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)" ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",15.1,16.1,18.3,19.3,19.8,20.2 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",15.6,"NA",19.6,20.9,20.7,20.85531 " New England",16.5,"NA",19.7,21.1,20.4,20.97907 " Middle Atlantic ",15.3,"NA",19.6,20.8,20.8,20.79659 " Midwest ",14.8,"NA",18.2,19,20.1,20.18362 " East North Central",14.9,"NA",18.4,19.4,20.1,20.26056 " West North Central ",14.5,"NA",17.8,17.9,20,20.01659 " South",15,"NA",18,19.2,19.6,20.17499 " South Atlantic",15.6,"NA",19,20.2,20.2,20.5718

44

Plutonium 239 Equivalency Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the basis for converting actual weapons grade plutonium mass to a plutonium equivalency (PuE) mass of Plutonium 239. The conversion can be accomplished by performing calculations utilizing either: (1) Isotopic conversions factors (CF{sub isotope}), or (2) 30-year-old weapons grade conversion factor (CF{sub 30 yr}) Both of these methods are provided in this document. Material mass and isotopic data are needed to calculate PuE using the isotopic conversion factors, which will provide the actual PuE value at the time of calculation. PuE is the summation of the isotopic masses times their associated isotopic conversion factors for plutonium 239. Isotopic conversion factors are calculated by a normalized equation, relative to Plutonium 239, of specific activity (SA) and cumulated dose inhalation affects based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). The isotopic conversion factors for converting weapons grade plutonium to PuE are provided in Table-1. The unit for specific activity (SA) is curies per gram (Ci/g) and the isotopic SA values come from reference [1]. The cumulated dose inhalation effect values in units of rem/Ci are based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). A person irradiated by gamma radiation outside the body will receive a dose only during the period of irradiation. However, following an intake by inhalation, some radionuclides persist in the body and irradiate the various tissues for many years. There are three groups CEDE data representing lengths of time of 0.5 (D), 50 (W) and 500 (Y) days, which are in reference [2]. The CEDE values in the (W) group demonstrates the highest dose equivalent value; therefore they are used for the calculation.

Wen, J

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

40 Gallon Challenge issues a call to reduce residential water use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they are each being developed, something new might be tried and discovered to be e#17;ective. ?So much water can be conserved through these voluntary programs that it?s almost like #19;nding new water without actually having any new water being produced...16 txH2O Fall 2013 Story by Katie Heinrich The #22;#30; Gallon Challenge, a nationwide residential water-conservation program, is helping Texans save water in ways new to them. #29;e continuing drought, coupled with increasing water demands...

Heinrich, Katie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

47

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

48

Livestock Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge of historical basis patterns can be useful when estimating expected sale or purchase prices at the conclusion of a futures or options hedge, when evaluating a current cash market quote, and when forecasting cash prices. This publication...

Mintert, James R.; Davis, Ernest E.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Bevers, Stan

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon The retail price of diesel fuel is expected to average $3.94 a gallon during the summer driving season that which runs from April through September. That's close to last summer's pump price of $3.95, according to the latest monthly energy outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Demand for distillate fuel, which includes diesel fuel, is expected to be up less than 1 percent from last summer. Daily production of distillate fuel at U.S. refineries is forecast to be 70,000 barrels higher this summer. With domestic distillate output exceeding demand, U.S. net exports of distillate fuel are expected to average 830,000 barrels per day this summer. That's down 12 percent from last summer's

50

Inertial Force, Equivalence Principle and Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of a manifestly covariant formalism of non-relativistic quantum mechanics in general coordinate systems, proposed by us recently, we derive general expressions for inertial forces. The results enable us further to discuss, and to explain the validity of, the equivalence principle in non-relativistic quantum mechanics.

Minoru Omote; Susumu Kamefuchi

2000-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

51

Neutron dose equivalent meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.

Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

NREL Helps Clean Cities Displace Billions of Gallons of Petroleum, One Vehicle at a Time (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With more than 15 years and nearly 3 billion gallons of displaced petroleum under its belt, the Clean Cities program relies on the support and expertise of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). An initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Clean Cities creates public-private partnerships with a common mission: to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Since the inception of Clean Cities in 1993, NREL has played a central role in supporting the program, an effort that stems from the laboratory's strategy to put scientific innovation into action in the marketplace.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Equivalence Principle and Clocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.

T. Damour

1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aur麓elien Alvarez and Damien Gaboriau February 18, 2009 Abstract We study the analogue in orbit equivalence of free product decomposition and free indecomposability for countable groups. We introduce the (orbit equivalence invariant

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

55

Perspective on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Perspective on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response Perspective on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response Perspective on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response September 20, 2012 Presenter: John Schwenker, Nuclear Safety Manager for Liquid Operations, Savannah River Remediation, LLC, Savannah River Site Topics Covered: Waste Tanks can contain up to 1.3 Millions Gallons of highly radioactive waste (sludge, salt, supernate). Type III/IIIA Waste Tank Structures and berms are PC-3 Qualified. Tanks may fail in a Beyond Design Basis Seismic Event. Waste could flow above ground to streams and rivers. Unmitigated Tank Explosion exceeds offsite Evaluation Guidelines Hydrogen gas can be trapped in the sludge and saltcake structure. Seismic Event can cause a prompt release of trapped hydrogen. It is not physically practical to install a ventilation system that

56

Causal equivalence of frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parenleftbt radical2 radical3 0 parenrighttp parenrightbt parenlefttp parenleftbt- 1radical 6 1radical 2 parenrighttp parenrightbt parenlefttp parenleftbt- 1radical 6 - 1radical2 parenrighttp parenrightbt bracerighttp bracerightmid bracerightbt. It is clear... that E is not an orthonormal basis for R2 since E is neither a linearly independent nor an orthogonal set. However, for each x element R2 we have 3summationdisplay i=1 angbracketleftx,eiangbracketright ei = parenleftBigg x1 ? parenleftBiggradical 2radical...

Henderson, Troy Lee, IV

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

57

Stuttering Equivalence for Parity Games  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the process theoretic notion of stuttering equivalence in the setting of parity games. We demonstrate that stuttering equivalent vertices have the same winner in the parity game. This means that solving a parity game can be accelerated by minimising the game graph with respect to stuttering equivalence. While, at the outset, it might not be clear that this strategy should pay off, our experiments using typical verification problems illustrate that stuttering equivalence speeds up solving parity games in many cases.

Cranen, Sjoerd; Willemse, Tim A C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

On Trees as Equivalent Cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1993 research-article On Trees as Equivalent Cables R. R. Whitehead J. R. Rosenberg By means...reduced to an equivalent, possibly non-uniform cable. Under certain conditions the equivalent cable has disjoint sections of which only one communicates...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Vehicle engine use when no longer in transit; exceptions -Vehicle idling gets zero miles per gallon; unnecessary idling wastes fuel and pollutes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gallon; unnecessary idling wastes fuel and pollutes. Running an engine at low speed (idling) also causes the point of view of both emissions and fuel consumption. Unless exempted in the following sectionVehicle engine use when no longer in transit; exceptions - Vehicle idling gets zero miles per

Powers, Robert

60

AZ 300 MIF Developer Process The CEPSR Clean Room stores one gallon bottles of AZ 300 MIF (metal ion free) developer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AZ 300 MIF Developer Process The CEPSR Clean Room stores one gallon bottles of AZ 300 MIF (metal of this developer are 2.38% weight of tetra methyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAH) and 0.261N metal ion free developer with nitrogen gun. 4) Place bottle of AZ 300 MIF back under the hood with other solvents. 5) Any used AZ 300 MIF

Kim, Philip

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

California抯 Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

refueling station (equivalent to $3-$4/gallon of gasoline ongasoline on a per-mile basis, but as with vehicle costs, early stations

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

How much do I pay? Our state gas tax is 20 per gallon. The average driver pays $9.52 a month in state fuel taxes. Of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How much do I pay? Our state gas tax is 20垄 per gallon. The average driver pays $9.52 a month.4垄 Federal Gov 38.4垄 Total Gas Taxes State Gas Tax Gas Tax Facts Texas Transportation and Your Fuel Tax Texarkana Sherman-Denison College Station- Bryan Killeen-Temple Beaumont 83 54 60 40 287 27 83 277 8462 87

63

Quantum mechanics versus equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the scattering of a photon by a weak gravitational field, treated as an external field, up to second order of the perturbation expansion. The resulting cross section is energy dependent which indicates a violation of Galileo's equivalence principle (universality of free fall) and, consequently, of the classical equivalence principle. The deflection angle {theta} for a photon passing by the sun is evaluated afterward and the likelihood of detecting ({delta}{theta}/{theta}{sub E}){identical_to}({theta}-{theta}{sub E}/{theta}{sub E}) (where {theta}{sub E} is the value predicted by Einstein's geometrical theory for the light bending) in the foreseeable future, is discussed.

Accioly, Antonio [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Group of Field Theory from First Principles, Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Pamplona 145, 01405-000, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Paszko, Ricardo [Group of Field Theory from First Principles, Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Chopped random-basis quantum optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we describe in detail the "Chopped RAndom Basis" (CRAB) optimal control technique recently introduced to optimize t-DMRG simulations [arXiv:1003.3750]. Here we study the efficiency of this control technique in optimizing different quantum processes and we show that in the considered cases we obtain results equivalent to those obtained via different optimal control methods while using less resources. We propose the CRAB optimization as a general and versatile optimal control technique.

Tommaso Caneva; Tommaso Calarco; Simone Montangero

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

65

RADIATION PROTECTION KEYWORDS: equivalent sphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RADIATION PROTECTION KEYWORDS: equivalent sphere model, space radiation, organ dose IMPROVEMENT- alent sphere is used to represent the organ for a fast estimate of the organ dose. It has been found ~ESM! with an organ- specific constant radius parameter is used for fast estimates of the organ dose

Lin, Zi-wei

66

Mechanical Equivalent of Heat Apparatus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A continuous flow-type mechanical equivalent of heat apparatus is described. It consists of two turbines immersed in water and rotated with respect to each other by an electric motor. Lucite housing facilitates observation of the energy conversion and provides good thermal insulation. In our elementary physics laboratories most students obtain results within 2% of the accepted value.

John McLeod; Albert E. Werbrouck

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Equivalent Hamiltonians W. N. Polyzou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energies. In this paper I introduce a method that can be used to provide independent control of the two, Iowa City, IA 52242 (Dated: June 24, 2010) I give a characterization of the conditions for two sense at all energy scales; this a stronger requirement than the more flexible notion of equivalence

Polyzou, Wayne

68

Beyond Design Basis Events  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Following the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident in Japan, DOE embarked upon several initiatives to investigate the safety posture of its nuclear facilities relative to beyond design basis events (BDBEs). These initiatives included issuing Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to BDBEs, August 2011, and Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities, January 2013.

69

Safety Basis Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the internal Integrated Safety Management Assessment verification process, it was determined that there was a lack of documentation that summarizes the safety basis of the current Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) site characterization activities. It was noted that a safety basis would make it possible to establish a technically justifiable graded approach to the implementation of the requirements identified in the Standards/Requirements Identification Document. The Standards/Requirements Identification Documents commit a facility to compliance with specific requirements and, together with the hazard baseline documentation, provide a technical basis for ensuring that the public and workers are protected. This Safety Basis Report has been developed to establish and document the safety basis of the current site characterization activities, establish and document the hazard baseline, and provide the technical basis for identifying structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that perform functions necessary to protect the public, the worker, and the environment from hazards unique to the YMP site characterization activities. This technical basis for identifying SSCs serves as a grading process for the implementation of programs such as Conduct of Operations (DOE Order 5480.19) and the Suspect/Counterfeit Items Program. In addition, this report provides a consolidated summary of the hazards analyses processes developed to support the design, construction, and operation of the YMP site characterization facilities and, therefore, provides a tool for evaluating the safety impacts of changes to the design and operation of the YMP site characterization activities.

R.J. Garrett

2002-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

70

Knowing and Managing Grain Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding trends and/or tendencies in basis movement can help a producer make good decisions for minimizing basis risk. This publication discusses the basis itself, its variability, how to track it, and how to manage basis risk....

Amosson, Stephen H.; Mintert, James R.; Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

71

Nuclear Facility Safety Basis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Basis Safety Basis FUNCTIONAL AREA GOAL: A fully compliant Nuclear Facility Safety Basis. Program is implemented and maintained across the site. REQUIREMENTS: 飩 10 CFR 830 Subpart B Guidance: 飩 DOE STD 3009 飩 DOE STD 1104 飩 DOE STD 飩 DOE G 421.1-2 Implementation Guide For Use in Developing Documented Safety Analyses To Meet Subpart B Of 10 CFR 830 飩 DOE G 423.1-1 Implementation Guide For Use In Developing Technical Safety Requirements 飩 DOE G 424.1-1 Implementation Guide For Use In Addressing Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements Performance Objective 1: Contractor Program Documentation The site contractor has developed an up-to-date, comprehensive, compliant, documented nuclear facility safety basis and associated implementing mechanisms and procedures for all required nuclear facilities and activities (10 CFR

72

Technical Planning Basis  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide assists DOE/NNSA field elements and operating contractors in identifying and analyzing hazards at facilities and sites to provide the technical planning basis for emergency management programs. Cancels DOE G 151.1-1, Volume 2.

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

73

Free Algebra with Countable Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this book I treat the structure of D-module which has countable basis. If we do not care for topology of D-module, then we consider Hamel basis. If norm is defined in D-module, then we consider Schauder basis. In case of Schauder basis, we consider vectors whose expansion in the basis converges normally.

Aleks Kleyn

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Brain Basis of Emotions 1 BRAIN BASIS OF EMOTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Brain Basis of Emotions 1 BRAIN BASIS OF EMOTION The brain basis of emotion: A meta, Building 149 Charlestown, MA 02129 lindqukr@nmr.mgh.harvard.edu #12;The Brain Basis of Emotions 2 Abstract Researchers have wondered how the brain creates emotions since the early days of psychological science

Barrett, Lisa Feldman

75

Handling and Segregating System for 55-Gallon Drums Project-Current Progress on Testing and Integration at the Western Environmental Technology Office  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) along with other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites have thousands of drums of mixed transuranic (TRU) waste that are being stored awaiting transfer to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The SRS drums contain noncompliant items that must meet WIPP waste acceptance criteria (WAC) before being accepted. A system is being developed by the DOE Transuranic and Mixed Waste Focus Area (TMFA) under the Robotics Crosscut Program to repackage drummed, mixed TRU waste to meet WIPP WAC. This system, the Handling and Segregating System for 55-gallon drums (HANDSS-55), will economically and remotely open, sort, and segregate noncompliant components of the waste inside the drums and repackage the compliant components in a new drum suitable for shipment and acceptance by WIPP in New Mexico. HANDSS-55 is scheduled to be deployed for operation at the SRS Solid Waste Division by September 30, 2004. Other versions of HANDSS-55 may later be deployed at other DOE sites. MSE Technology Applications, Inc. (MSE) was selected to integrate and demonstrate the HANDSS-55 modules being developed by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) and the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC). This paper reports progress on integration and testing to date.

Battleson, D. M.; Johnson, S. E.; Montgomery, J. L.; Bryson, S. B.; Stacey, M. C.; Frazee, C. M.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

76

Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies12/12/1995 Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies12/12/1995 Defense Programs has undertaken an effort to compare the competencies in the General Technical Base Qualification Standard and the Functional Area Qualification Standards with various positions in the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program and the commercial nuclear industry. The purpose of this effort is to determine if equivalencies can be granted for competencies based on previous training and experience in these areas. The equivalency crosswalk was developed by subject matter experts who held positions in the Navy and/or the commercial nuclear power program. To date, equivalencies have been

77

Property:Equivalent URI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equivalent URI Equivalent URI Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI is a special property in Semantic MediaWiki with a built-in meaning: it marks a page in the wiki as having a well-known meaning beyond this wiki, in an external URI. For example an extension to the Semantic MediaWiki extension might introduce its own property, and all wikis should use the same equivalent URI for it. In RDF Export the "Equivalent URI" special property exports as owl:sameAs. Pages using the property "Equivalent URI" This property is a special property in this wiki. Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada: Third Edition + http://cleanenergysolutions.org/content/2010-carbon-sequestration-atlas-united-states-and-canada-third-edition +

78

Remarks on statistical errors in equivalent widths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalent width measurements for rapid line variability in atomic spectral lines are degraded by increasing error bars with shorter exposure times. We derive an expression for the error of the line equivalent width $\\sigma(W_\\lambda)$ with respect to pure photon noise statistics and provide a correction value for previous calculations.

Klaus Vollmann; Thomas Eversberg

2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

79

Equivalent circuits and efficiencies of fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By introducing an equivalent thermal potential fixed in terms of the heat of reaction, a thermodynamic equivalent circuit is determined for a fuel cell which yields the correct current-potential curve of the cell for low current by formal application of Ohm's law. The thermodynamic power balance and the thermodynamic efficiency also are given correctly. A linear electrical equivalent circuit is constructed which represents closely the electrical performance of the cell over a wide range of current (not approaching zero). The effect of polarization processes on the electrical power and efficiency is taken into account through a single constant parameter. Introduction of the equivalent thermal potential into the circuit yields a thermodynamic equivalent circuit whose output computed by formal use of Ohm's law coincides exactly with that given by the electrical equivalent circuit. The correct electrical properties, thermodynamic power balance, and thermodynamic efficiency follow directly from the circuit. A general theorem is formulated, independently of the validity of an equivalent circuit, connecting the thermodynamic and electrical efficiencies of a fuel cell. Confirmatory experimental results based on hydrogen梠xygen cells are presented, which underline the large reduction in available power brought about by polarization processes and entropy changes in a fuel cell.

J.J. Gilvarry; J.I. Slaughtert

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Problems #3, Math 204, Dr. M. Bohner. Sep 10, 2003. Due Sep 15, 11 am. 12. A tank has ten gallons of water in which two pounds of salt has been dissolved. Brine with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Problems #3, Math 204, Dr. M. Bohner. Sep 10, 2003. Due Sep 15, 11 am. 12. A tank has ten gallons through the supplementary homework problems for Chapters 1颅2: 1, 3 of Section 1.1; 1 of Section 1.2; 1-8, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 25, 26 of Section 1.3; 1, 3, 4, 13颅17, 21, 26, 29 of Section 2.1; 1, 4颅8, 9, 11

Bohner, Martin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fuel Equivalence Ratio Imaging for Methane Jets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2-D fuel/oxygen equivalence ratio imaging system has been developed. The technique exploits the efficient quenching of the fluorescence of organic molecules by molecular oxygen in...

Ni, T Q; Melton, L A

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using discounted cash flow techniques, a new parameter for the quick economic evaluation of energy conservation ideas is calculated. The meaning of the calculated value, an 'Investment Equivalent of Energy Saving', is: 'The maximum amount...

Larson, R. J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

An analytical method to calculate equivalent fields to irregular symmetric and asymmetric photon fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Equivalent field is frequently used for central axis depth-dose calculations of rectangular- and irregular-shaped photon beams. As most of the proposed models to calculate the equivalent square field are dosimetry based, a simple physical-based method to calculate the equivalent square field size was used as the basis of this study. The table of the sides of the equivalent square or rectangular fields was constructed and then compared with the well-known tables by BJR and Venselaar, et al. with the average relative error percentage of 2.5 2.5% and 1.5 1.5%, respectively. To evaluate the accuracy of this method, the percentage depth doses (PDDs) were measured for some special irregular symmetric and asymmetric treatment fields and their equivalent squares for Siemens Primus Plus linear accelerator for both energies, 6 and 18 MV. The mean relative differences of PDDs measurement for these fields and their equivalent square was approximately 1% or less. As a result, this method can be employed to calculate equivalent field not only for rectangular fields but also for any irregular symmetric or asymmetric field.

Tahmasebi Birgani, Mohamad J. [Department of Radiation Therapy, Golestan Hospital, JondiShapour University of Medical Science, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Chegeni, Nahid, E-mail: nchegen@yahoo.com [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabihzadeh, Mansoor; Hamzian, Nima [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Total effective dose equivalent associated with fixed uranium surface contamination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the technical basis for establishing a uranium fixed-contamination action level, a fixed uranium surface contamination level exceeding the total radioactivity values of Appendix D of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, part 835 (10CFR835), but below which the monitoring, posting, and control requirements for Radiological Areas are not required for the area of the contamination. An area of fixed uranium contamination between 1,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} and that level corresponding to an annual total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) of 100 mrem requires only routine monitoring, posting to alert personnel of the contamination, and administrative control. The more extensive requirements for monitoring, posting, and control designated by 10CFR835 for Radiological Areas do not have to be applied for these intermediate fixed-contamination levels.

Bogard, J.S.; Hamm, R.N.; Ashley, J.C.; Turner, J.E.; England, C.A.; Swenson, D.E.; Brown, K.S.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Accelerating classical charges and the equivalence principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare the behavior of a charged particle in a gravitational field and empty space. We resolve the apparent conflict between the Lorentz-Dirac equation and Larmor's formula of radiation by noting that the former describes an electron that is itself accelerated by an electromagnetic field. If instead, a hypothetical particle is considered that is accelerated by a non-electromagnetic force, Larmor's formula is found to be consistent with the accelerating particle's equation of motion. We consider the consequences concerning the equivalence principle and find that it is indeed violated if one demands that the same electromagnetic field be present in both the gravitational and accelerating cases; however, if one allows for the external electromagnetic fields to be different, the validity of the equivalence principle is restored. In either case, the basic idea behind the equivalence principle, which leads to a geometrized theory of gravity, remains unaffected.

Viktor T. Toth

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Natural Gas Fuel Tax Compressed natural gas (CNG) used as a vehicle fuel is taxed on a gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) basis as follows: 0.05 GGE from January 1, 2016, until...

87

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

gallons 1 2 (Mgal) of liquid radioactive waste stored in underground waste storage tanks at SRS. Much of this waste resulted from the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel for...

88

Safety Basis Information System | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

basis type. Safety Basis Login Click on the above link to log in to the Safety Basis web interface. "RESTRICTED; access only to DOE and DOE contractors" Safety Basis Account...

89

Computational equivalence between quantum Turing machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational equivalence between quantum Turing machines and quantum circuit families Christian Westergaard 21st November 2005 Contents 1 The quantum Turing machine model 5 1.1 Basics of quantum Turing machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 Projections on the quantum state space

M酶ller, Jesper Michael

90

CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Within the past few months two excellent summaries of the state of our knowledge of the weak interactions have been presented. Correspondingly, we will not attempt a comprehensive review but instead concentrate this discussion on the status of CP violation, the question of the neutral currents, and the weak equivalence principle.

Fitch, V. L.

1972-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

91

Milk Futures, Options and Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The milk futures and options market enables producers and processors to manage price risk. This publication explains hedging, margin accounts, basis and how to track it, and other fundamentals of the futures and options market....

Haigh, Michael; Stockton, Matthew; Anderson, David P.; Schwart Jr., Robert B.

2001-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

92

Basis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

inhomogeneous systems such as the ones with curvature or zonal flows, and ability to use data from experimental diagnostics with limited spatial resolution. In this method, the...

93

On the equivalence theorem for integrable systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the equivalence theorem for integrable systems using two formulations of the Alday-Arutyunov-Frolov model. We show that the S-matrix is invariant under the field transformation which reduces the non-linear Dirac brackets of one formulation into the standard commutation relations in the second formulation. We also explain how to perform the direct diagonalization of the transformed Hamiltonian by constructing the states corresponding to self-adjoint extensions.

A. Melikyan; E. Pereira; V. O. Rivelles

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

94

Equivalent Circuit Modeling of Hysteresis Motors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed a literature review and found that many equivalent circuit models of hysteresis motors in use today are incorrect. The model by Miyairi and Kataoka (1965) is the correct one. We extended the model by transforming it to quadrature coordinates, amenable to circuit or digital simulation. 'Hunting' is an oscillatory phenomenon often observed in hysteresis motors. While several works have attempted to model the phenomenon with some partial success, we present a new complete model that predicts hunting from first principles.

Nitao, J J; Scharlemann, E T; Kirkendall, B A

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

About equivalent interval colorings of weighted graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given a graph G=(V,E) with strictly positive integer weights @w"i on the vertices i@?V, a k-interval coloring of G is a function I that assigns an interval I(i)@?{1,...,k} of @w"i consecutive integers (called colors) to each vertex i@?V. If two adjacent ... Keywords: Equivalent colorings, Interval coloring problem, Weighted graphs

Mathieu Bouchard; Mirjana angalovi?; Alain Hertz

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

An Improved Mechanical Equivalent of Heat Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An interesting variation of Joule's classical experiment on the mechanical equivalent of heat is described. It makes use of a rotary stirring mechanism for adding energy to water in a calorimeter the energy being measured by a bifilar suspension of the driving motor. The motor is operated at synchronous speed. Temperature measurements are by means of a thermocouple and potentiometer. With reasonable care results can be obtained which are consistent to about 3 percent.

George G. Kretschmar

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

98

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 N路m = 107 ergs = 107 dyne路cm = 2.778?10-7 kW路h 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0路R 10.73 psia路ft3 lbmol路R 62.36 liter路torr mol路K 0.7302 ft3路atm lbmol路R Temperature Conversions: T

Ashurst, W. Robert

99

The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the postulation of the existence of the neutrino by Pauli to save the conservation of energy and momentum laws? In this paper, I will take as a case study, the issue of choosing between standard quantum mechanics (also known of an empirically equivalent (at minimum) theory to OQM. In conclusion, I will argue that the thesis of notational

Chopra, Samir

100

BASIS Equipment | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Equipment Equipment BASIS Schematic Schematic of the SNS Backscattering Spectrometer. Helium dewer cooling a sample Helium dewer cooling a sample (bird's eye view). The heart of the work in a typical experiment is setting up the sample in the desired environment. A typical neutron sample ranging from a millimeter to a few centimeters is placed in a specialized cylindrical can and sealed. For liquids, the backscattering instrument often uses an annular can, created by placing a smaller can within a larger can and inserting the liquid sample between the two cans. This picture shows a helium dewer cooling the environment encompassing the sample can, which has been lowered into the beam from the top of the scattering tank. Crystals Crystals. The backscattering spectrometer is defined by the reflection of specific

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

BASIS Set Exchange (BSE): Chemistry Basis Sets from the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Basis Set Library  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Basis Set Exchange (BSE) provides a web-based user interface for downloading and uploading Gaussian-type (GTO) basis sets, including effective core potentials (ECPs), from the EMSL Basis Set Library. It provides an improved user interface and capabilities over its predecessor, the EMSL Basis Set Order Form, for exploring the contents of the EMSL Basis Set Library. The popular Basis Set Order Form and underlying Basis Set Library were originally developed by Dr. David Feller and have been available from the EMSL webpages since 1994. BSE not only allows downloading of the more than 200 Basis sets in various formats; it allows users to annotate existing sets and to upload new sets. (Specialized Interface)

Feller, D; Schuchardt, Karen L.; Didier, Brett T.; Elsethagen, Todd; Sun, Lisong; Gurumoorthi, Vidhya; Chase, Jared; Li, Jun

102

ARP MCU 3 Million gallons.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Tuesday, March 5, 2013 NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Amy Caver, DOE, (803) 952-7213 Amy.Caver@srs.gov Dean Campbell, SRR, (803) 208-8270 Dean. Campbell@srs.gov Salt Processing Milestone Achieved at SRS AIKEN, S.C. (March 5, 2013) - The process of treating and disposing liquid salt waste currently stored in the Savannah River Site's (SRS) underground storage tanks achieved substantial

103

Structural basis of spectrin elasticity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new model of human erythrocyte {alpha}-spectrin is proposed. The secondary structure of human erythrocyte {alpha}-spectrin and its folding into a condensed structure that can convert reversibly in situ, into an elongated configuration is predicted from its deduced protein sequence. Results from conformational and amphipathicity analyses suggest that {alpha}-spectrin consists mainly of short amphipathicity helices interconnected by flexible turns and/or coils. The distribution of charges and amphipathicity of the helices can facilitate their folding into stable domains of 4 and 3 helices surrounding a hydrophobic core. The association between adjacent four- and three-helix domains further organize them into recurring seven-helix motifs that might constitute the basic structural units of the extended {alpha}-spectrin. The elongated spectrin molecule packs, in a sinusoidal fashion, through interactions between neighboring motifs into a compact structure. We suggest that the reversible extension and contraction of this sigmoidally packed structure is the molecular basis of the mechanism by which spectrin contributes to the elasticity of the red cell membrane.

Shen, B.W.; Stevens, F.J.; Luthi, U. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Goldin, S.B. [Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Biological Chemistry

1991-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

104

Estimating Equivalency of Explosives Through A Thermochemical Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cheetah thermochemical computer code provides an accurate method for estimating the TNT equivalency of any explosive, evaluated either with respect to peak pressure or the quasi-static pressure at long time in a confined volume. Cheetah calculates the detonation energy and heat of combustion for virtually any explosive (pure or formulation). Comparing the detonation energy for an explosive with that of TNT allows estimation of the TNT equivalency with respect to peak pressure, while comparison of the heat of combustion allows estimation of TNT equivalency with respect to quasi-static pressure. We discuss the methodology, present results for many explosives, and show comparisons with equivalency data from other sources.

Maienschein, J L

2002-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

105

Th関enin equivalents for inhomogeneous ladder networks of generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We find general formulas for Th関enin equivalents (equivalent voltage and equivalent impedance) for inhomogeneous ladder networks of generators defined as a voltage source and an impedance in series. In the projective matrix representation, this is accomplished by adopting a special decomposition of a 3 ? 3 transfer matrix which transforms a product of transfer matrices to a product of diagonal matrices up to a prefactor and a postfactor. In particular, we calculate Th関enin equivalents in a closed form for two ladder networks of generators with a periodic transfer matrix of period 1 (tapered ladder network) and period 2.

Seok-In Hong; Je-Young Choi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2, 1995 2, 1995 MEMORANDUM FOR Distribution FROM: Thomas W. Evans Technical Personnel Program Coordinator SUBJECT: Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies Defense Programs has undertaken an effort to compare the competencies in the General Technical Base Qualification Standard and the Functional Area Qualification Standards with various positions in the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program and the commercial nuclear industry. The purpose of this effort is to determine if equivalencies can be granted for competencies based on previous training and experience in these areas. The equivalency crosswalk was developed by subject matter experts who held positions in the Navy and/or the commercial nuclear power program. To date, equivalencies have been

107

EQUIVALENCE RATIONNELLE, EQUIVALENCE NUM ERIQUE ET PRODUITS DE COURBES ELLIPTIQUES SUR UN CORPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d麓emontrer les th麓eor`emes suivants : Th麓eor`eme 1 (cf. th. 1.7). L'麓equivalence rationnelle est 麓egale `a l'麓equivalen- ce num麓erique (`a coefficients rationnels) sur X. Th麓eor`eme 2 (cor. 3.10). Les conjectures de Lichtenbaum [32, 搂7] sont vraies pour X. Th麓eor`eme 3 (th. 4.5). Pour tout ouvert U de X, les

108

Beyond Design Basis Events | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Following the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident in Japan, DOE embarked upon several initiatives to investigate the safety posture of its nuclear facilities relative to beyond design basis events (BDBEs). These initiatives included issuing Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to BDBEs, August 2011, and Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities,

109

EQUIVALENCES BETWEEN FUSION SYSTEMS OF FINITE GROUPS OF LIE TYPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUIVALENCES BETWEEN FUSION SYSTEMS OF FINITE GROUPS OF LIE TYPE CARLES BROTO, JESPER M. M?LLER, AND BOB OLIVER Abstract. We prove, for certain pairs G, G of finite groups of Lie type, that the p-fusion of fusion systems of finite groups of Lie type are isotypically equivalent. Our main result is the following

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

110

Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 The objectives of this experiment are: (1) to understand the equivalence of electrical energy and heat energy, (2) to learn techniques of calorimetry, (3) to learn how to measure electrical energy, and (4) to measure

Tennessee, University of

111

Universal basis sets for electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of a 拻universal拻 basis set for electronic structure calculations is explored by presenting energy results obtained when basis sets are transferred from one atom to another. The calculations are performed using the diagrammatic techniques of many?body perturbation theory. A single universal basis set is shown to give uniformly accurate descriptions of the matrix Hartree朏ock and correlation energies of the He Be and Ne atoms.

David M. Silver; Stephen Wilson

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Exergy Loss: A Basis for Energy Taxing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper introduces exergy loss or entropy added as a basis for energy taxing. Exergy loss will be shown to account objectively...

Gerard Hirs

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Beyond Design Basis Events | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities...

114

design basis threat | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

design basis threat | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the...

115

Lawrence Livermore National Laborotory Safety Basis Assessment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

in the WSF safety basis. The comprehensive review used a criteria and review approach document to guide the reviewers and examined documentation of controls and their...

116

Math 28S Invertibility Criteria Fall 2011 Various criteria which are equivalent to a matrix being invertible are at the heart of linear alge-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Math 28S Invertibility Criteria Fall 2011 Various criteria which are equivalent to a matrix being invertible are at the heart of linear alge- bra, because they combine all the ideas from the subject. A is invertible; 3. {a} is linearly independent; 4. {a} spans F; 5. {a} is a basis for F. Theorem 2 Let A = a b c

McClendon, David M.

117

Property:ExplorationBasis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ExplorationBasis ExplorationBasis Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ExplorationBasis Property Type Text Description Exploration Basis Why was exploration work conducted in this area (e.g., USGS report of a geothermal resource, hot springs with geothemmetry indicating electrical generation capacity, etc.) Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: M Mercury Vapor At Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) Pages using the property "ExplorationBasis" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) + Compare directly shallow temperature results with standard geothermal exploration techniques. 2-M Probe Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1979) + Correct previously analyzed 2-m probe data

118

Design Basis Threat | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Design Basis Threat | National Nuclear Security Administration Design Basis Threat | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Design Basis Threat Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nuclear Security > Design Basis Threat Design Basis Threat NNSA has taken aggressive action to improve the security of its nuclear weapons material (often referred to as special nuclear material, or SNM)

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Measurement LNG is taxed based on the gasoline gallon equivalent, or 6.6 pounds of LNG for one gallon of motor fuel, unless a diesel gallon equivalent...

120

Advanced Test Reactor Safety Basis Upgrade Lessons Learned Relative to Design Basis Verification and Safety Basis Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) is a pressurized light-water reactor with a design thermal power of 250 MW. The principal function of the ATR is to provide a high neutron flux for testing reactor fuels and other materials. The reactor also provides other irradiation services such as radioisotope production. The ATR and its support facilities are located at the Test Reactor Area of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). An audit conducted by the Department of Energy's Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance (DOE OA) raised concerns that design conditions at the ATR were not adequately analyzed in the safety analysis and that legacy design basis management practices had the potential to further impact safe operation of the facility.1 The concerns identified by the audit team, and issues raised during additional reviews performed by ATR safety analysts, were evaluated through the unreviewed safety question process resulting in shutdown of the ATR for more than three months while these concerns were resolved. Past management of the ATR safety basis, relative to facility design basis management and change control, led to concerns that discrepancies in the safety basis may have developed. Although not required by DOE orders or regulations, not performing design basis verification in conjunction with development of the 10 CFR 830 Subpart B upgraded safety basis allowed these potential weaknesses to be carried forward. Configuration management and a clear definition of the existing facility design basis have a direct relation to developing and maintaining a high quality safety basis which properly identifies and mitigates all hazards and postulated accident conditions. These relations and the impact of past safety basis management practices have been reviewed in order to identify lessons learned from the safety basis upgrade process and appropriate actions to resolve possible concerns with respect to the current ATR safety basis. The need for a design basis reconstitution program for the ATR has been identified along with the use of sound configuration management principles in order to support safe and efficient facility operation.

G. L. Sharp; R. T. McCracken

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 "The header lists the general field of experience, Commercial Nuclear Power or Navy Nuclear Power Program, with all other categories under these two areas. The subheader lists the position title of the military or job category within that industry. The next level lists the qualification standard subject with the competencies associated with it listed below. To locate the equivalencies that you may claim, locate the position title of your prior military or job category, then find the qualification standards and listed competencies that apply to your current position. The competencies listed below the qualification standards are those you

122

On equivalence of thinning fluids used for hydraulic fracturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper aims to answer the question: if and how non-Newtonian fluids may be compared in their mechanical action when used for hydraulic fracturing? By employing the modified formulation of the PKN problem we obtain its simple analytical solutions in the cases of perfectly plastic and Newtonian fluids. Since the results for shear thinning fluids are intermediate between those for these cases, the obtained equation for the fracture length suggests a criterion of the equivalence of various shear thinning fluids for the problem of hydraulic fractures. We assume fluids equivalent in their hydrofracturing action, when at a reference time they produce fractures of the same length. The equation for the fracture length translates the equivalence in terms of the hydraulic fracture length and treatment time into the equivalence in terms of the properties of a fracturing fluid (behavior and consistency indices). Analysis shows that the influence of the consistency and behavior indices on the fracture length, particle v...

Linkov, Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Behavioral Model Equivalence Checking for Large Analog Mixed Signal Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes a systematic, hierarchical, optimization based semi-formal equivalence checking methodology for large analog/mixed signal systems such as phase locked loops (PLL), analog to digital convertors (ADC) and input/output (I...

Singh, Amandeep

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

124

General equivalent circuit of batteries and fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general electrical circuit is described whose properties are analogous to those of fuel cells and batteries. It is shown how this equivalent circuit ... in the electrolyte on the output voltage of fuel cells an...

R. A. Huggins

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Development of design tool for statically equivalent deepwater mooring systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tests is the depth and spatial limitations in wave basins. It is therefore important to design and build equivalent mooring systems to ensure that the static properties (global restoring forces and global stiffness) of the prototype floater are matched...

Udoh, Ikpoto Enefiok

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 121 116 93 1970's 79 55 70 71 75 68 61 45 64 49 1980's 41 29 40 55 61 145 234 318 272 254 1990's 300 395 604 513 513 582 603 734 732 879 2000's 586 691 566 647 634 700 794 859 1,008 1,295 2010's 4,578 8,931 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Processing

127

Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis March 23, 2011 Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis This Safety...

128

Equivalent radii of antennas with noncircular cross section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1960 Ma]or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Approved as to style and content by: (C airman of Conunittee) (Head of Department...

Su, Charles Wen-Hsun

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Safety Basis Criteria & Review Approach Documents | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Basis Criteria & Review Approach Documents Safety Basis Criteria & Review Approach Documents Safety Basis Criteria & Review Approach Documents Documents Available for Download CRAD, Safety Basis - Idaho MF-628 Drum Treatment Facility CRAD, Safety Basis - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Safety Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Safety Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project CRAD, Safety Basis - Y-12 Enriched Uranium Operations Oxide Conversion Facility

130

Basis for UCNI | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis for UCNI Basis for UCNI Basis for UCNI What documents contain the legal and policy foundations for the UCNI program? Section 148 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), is the statutory basis for the UCNI program. 10 CFR Part 1017, Identification and Protection of Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information specifies many detailed policies and requirements concerning the UCNI program. DOE O 471.1B, Identification and Protection of Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, specifies additional policies and requirements concerning the Department of Energy (DOE) UCNI program. UCNI General Guideline, GG-5, is a record of decisions made by the Director, OC, as to what general subject areas are UCNI. Note: GG-5 may only be used by the Director, OC, to make determinations as to whether

131

Basis for OUO | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

OUO Basis for OUO What documents contain the policy foundation for the OUO program? DOE O 471.3 Admin Chg 1, Identifying and Protecting Official Use Only Information. DOE M 471.3-1...

132

Equivalence relations for the 9972-9975 SARP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Equivalence relations required to determine mass limits for mixtures of nuclides for the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) of the Savannah River Site 9972, 9973, 9974, and 9975 shipping casks were calculated. The systems analyzed included aqueous spheres, homogeneous metal spheres, and metal ball-and-shell configurations, all surrounded by an effectively infinite stainless steel or water reflector. Comparison of the equivalence calculations with the rule-of-fractions showed conservative agreement for aqueous solutions, both conservative and non-conservative agreement for the metal homogeneous sphere systems, and non-conservative agreement for the majority of metal ball-and-shell systems. Equivalence factors for the aqueous solutions and homogeneous metal spheres were calculated. The equivalence factors for the non-conservative metal homogeneous sphere systems were adjusted so that they were conservative. No equivalence factors were calculated for the ball-and-shell systems since the -SARP assumes that only homogeneous or uniformly distributed material will be shipped in the 9972-9975 shipping casks, and an unnecessarily conservative critical mass may result if the ball-and-shell configurations are included.

Niemer, K.A.; Frost, R.L.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Containment, Equivalence and Coreness from CSP to QCSP and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) and its quantified extensions, whether without (QCSP) or with disjunction (QCSP_or), correspond naturally to the model checking problem for three increasingly stronger fragments of positive first-order logic. Their complexity is often studied when parameterised by a fixed model, the so-called template. It is a natural question to ask when two templates are equivalent, or more generally when one "contain" another, in the sense that a satisfied instance of the first will be necessarily satisfied in the second. One can also ask for a smallest possible equivalent template: this is known as the core for CSP. We recall and extend previous results on containment, equivalence and "coreness" for QCSP_or before initiating a preliminary study of cores for QCSP which we characterise for certain structures and which turns out to be more elusive.

Madelaine, Florent

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Options for Determining Equivalent MHTM (Metric Tons of Heavy Metal) for DOE High Level Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Section 114(d) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as amended (NWPA), limits the overall capacity of the first repository to 70,000 metric tons of heavy metal (MTHM). Current DOE policy is to allocate DOE spent fuel and high-level waste (HLW) at 10 percent of the total, or 7,000 MTHM. For planning purposes, 4,667 MTHM will be allocated for HLW. While the NWPA provides a technical basis for determining the MTHM equivalence of HLW, it does not address the significant technical differences between DOE HLW and commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Although more than 170,000 MTHM of DOE fuel has been reprocessed to produce the inventory of HLW, the amount of radioactive waste generated per metric ton of DOE fuel is only a few percent of that in a metric ton of commercial fuel. This study compares the results of four methods for determining the MTHM equivalence of DOE HLW. These methods include (1) using the actual weight of heavy metal in reprocessed DOE fuel, (2) assuming the historical equivalence of 0.5 MTHM/canister of vitrified DOE HLW, (3) comparing the total radioactivity in DOE HLW to the radioactivity of commercial SNF, and (4) comparing the total radiotoxicity of DOE HLW, as defined for those radionuclides identified in 10 CFR 20, with SNF at 1,000 and 10,000 years. This study concludes that either of the last two options would meet Congress抯 stated purposes of the NWPA, which are to (1) provide "reasonable assurance that the public and the environment will be adequately protected from the hazards posed by high-level radioactive waste and such spent nuclear fuel as may be disposed of in a repository", and (2) to "define Federal policy for the disposal of such waste and spent fuel".

Knecht, Dieter August; Valentine, James Henry; Luptak, Alan Jay; Staiger, Merle Daniel; Loo, Henry Hung Yiu; Wichmann, Thomas Leonard

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Equivalence of History and Generator Epsilon-Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epsilon-machines are minimal, unifilar presentations of stationary stochastic processes. They were originally defined in the history machine sense, as hidden Markov models whose states are the equivalence classes of infinite pasts with the same probability distribution over futures. In analyzing synchronization, though, an alternative generator definition was given: unifilar, edge-emitting hidden Markov models with probabilistically distinct states. The key difference is that history epsilon-machines are defined by a process, whereas generator epsilon-machines define a process. We show here that these two definitions are equivalent in the finite-state case.

Nicholas F. Travers; James P. Crutchfield

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

136

INL FCF Basis Review Follow-up  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

, 2011 , 2011 Independent Review Report Idaho National Laboratory Fuel Conditioning Facility Safety Basis Review Follow-up PURPOSE The purpose of this follow-up review was to verify how and to what extent Idaho National Laboratory (INL) addressed the Significant Issues that were identified in the April 2010 Independent Oversight report on the INL Fuel Conditioning Facility (FCF) safety basis review, as well as the consideration given to the recommendations that were made. Significant Issues were defined in that report as problems or concerns that affected the validity of the FCF safety basis documentation. The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) fulfilled this objective by reviewing the draft Safety Analysis Report (SAR) for the FCF,

137

Basis for OUO | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services 禄 Classification 禄 Official Use Only Information 禄 Services 禄 Classification 禄 Official Use Only Information 禄 Basis for OUO Basis for OUO What documents contain the policy foundation for the OUO program? DOE O 471.3 Admin Chg 1, Identifying and Protecting Official Use Only Information. DOE M 471.3-1 Admin Chg 1, Manual for Identifying and Protecting Official Use Only Information. Training & Reference Materials Basis for OUO OUO Review Requirement Access to OUO Protection of OUO Questions about Making OUO Determinations - OUO and the FOIA Exemptions How is a Document Containing OUO Marked? Controlled Unclassified Information and E.O. 13556 Resources for OUO Enforcement Guidance Oversight Reporting Security Classification Classification Training Institute Official Use Only Information Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI)

138

TMD PDFs in the Laguerre polynomial basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest the modified matching procedure for TMD PDF to the integrated PDF aimed to increase the amount of perturbative information in the TMD PDF expression. The procedure consists in the selection and usage of the non-minimal operator basis, which restricts the expansion to desired general behavior. The implication of OPE allows to systematic account of the higher order corrections. In the case of TMD PDF we assume the Gaussian behavior, which suggests Laguerre polynomial basis as the best for the convergence of OPE. We present the leading and next-to-leading expression of TMD PDF in this basis. The obtained perturbative expression for the TMD PDF is valid in the wide region of $b_T$ (we estimate this region as $b_T\\lesssim 2-3$ GeV$^{-1}$ depending on $x$).

A. A. Vladimirov

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

139

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan- Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions Describes DOE Headquarters procedures for requesting Equivalencies and Exemptions to DOE security directives.

140

An ideal independent source as an equivalent 1-port  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a 1-port, not necessarily linear, with a dependent source, appearing at the port. The control of the source is entirely internal for the 1-port. If this source is a parallel voltage source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent voltage source, and if it is a series current source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent current source. (As usual, "ideal" source is defined as a source whose proposed function is independent of the load.) In the simple LTI case, these results can be obtained, respectively, by either taking RTh zero in the Thevenin equivalent, or taking RN infinite in the Norton equivalent; however the very fact that the final circuits do not include any linear elements indicates the possibility of generalization to nonlinear 1-ports. Some limitations on the circuit's structure (functional dependencies in it) are required, and the clearness of these limitations, i.e. clearness of the conditions for the 1-port to be an ideal source for any load, is the aesthetical point.

Emanuel Gluskin; Anatoly Patlakh

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Easier way to calculate E fields Equivalent to Coulomb's law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lines enter as leave closed surface the net is zero = 路= dAE AdE cos rr #12;Flux Calculate fluxGauss' Law Easier way to calculate E fields 颅 Gauss' Law Equivalent to Coulomb's law Use 路= AE rr Let A become small so flux becomes integral over Gaussian surface Flux is proportional to net

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

142

INTRODUCTION Hensen's node, the amniote equivalent of the amphibian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION Hensen's node, the amniote equivalent of the amphibian `Spemann's organizer', is generally considered to be the most important region of the very early, gastrulating embryo. Not only does- sible for inducing and patterning the whole of the central nervous system. Like its amphibian

Stern, Claudio

143

Reduced-Load Equivalence for Queues with Gaussian Input  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this note, we consider a queue fed by a number of independent heterogeneous Gaussian sources. We study under what conditions a reduced load equivalence holds, i.e., when a subset of the sources becomes asymptotically dominant as the buffer size increases. ... Keywords: Gaussian processes, extremes, large deviations, regular variation, ruin probabilities

A. B. Dieker

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Equivalent realizations for uncertain systems with an IQC uncertainty description  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers uncertain systems in terms of their corresponding system input-output behavior. The paper develops a necessary and sufficient condition for the input-output behavior of a given uncertain system to be contained in the input-output ... Keywords: Equivalent realizations, Input-output behavior, Integral quadratic constraints, Uncertain systems, Uncertainty modeling

Ian R. Petersen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 1,127 971 1,334 1970's 1,270 1,217 1,058 878 679 567 520 367 485 1,146 1980's 553 830 831 633 618 458 463 437 811 380 1990's 445 511 416 395 425 377 340 300 495 5,462 2000's 11,377 15,454 16,477 11,430 13,697 14,308 14,662 13,097 10,846 18,354 2010's 18,405 11,221 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

146

Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 3,499 3,667 3,475 1970's 3,235 2,563 1,197 1,118 952 899 823 674 883 1,308 1980's 1,351 1,327 1,287 1,258 1,200 1,141 1,318 1,275 1,061 849 1990's 800 290 413 507 553 488 479 554 451 431 2000's 377 408 395 320 254 231 212 162 139 168 2010's 213 268 424 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

147

Physical basis of radiation protection in space travel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The health risks of space radiation are arguably the most serious challenge to space exploration, possibly preventing these missions due to safety concerns or increasing their costs to amounts beyond what would be acceptable. Radiation in space is substantially different from Earth: high-energy (E) and charge (Z) particles (HZE) provide the main contribution to the equivalent dose in deep space, whereas ?爎ays and low-energy ?爌articles are major contributors on Earth. This difference causes a high uncertainty on the estimated radiation health risk (including cancer and noncancer effects), and makes protection extremely difficult. In fact, shielding is very difficult in space: the very high energy of the cosmic rays and the severe mass constraints in spaceflight represent a serious hindrance to effective shielding. Here the physical basis of space radiation protection is described, including the most recent achievements in space radiation transport codes and shielding approaches. Although deterministic and Monte燙arlo transport codes can now describe well the interaction of cosmic rays with matter, more accurate double-differential nuclear cross sections are needed to improve the codes. Energy deposition in biological molecules and related effects should also be developed to achieve accurate risk models for long-term exploratory missions. Passive shielding can be effective for solar particle events; however, it is limited for galactic cosmic rays (GCR). Active shielding would have to overcome challenging technical hurdles to protect against GCR. Thus, improved risk assessment and genetic and biomedical approaches are a more likely solution to GCR radiation protection issues.

Marco Durante and Francis A. Cucinotta

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

148

PRELIMINARY SELECTION OF MGR DESIGN BASIS EVENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to identify the preliminary design basis events (DBEs) for consideration in the design of the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). For external events and natural phenomena (e.g., earthquake), the objective is to identify those initiating events that the MGR will be designed to withstand. Design criteria will ensure that radiological release scenarios resulting from these initiating events are beyond design basis (i.e., have a scenario frequency less than once per million years). For internal (i.e., human-induced and random equipment failures) events, the objective is to identify credible event sequences that result in bounding radiological releases. These sequences will be used to establish the design basis criteria for MGR structures, systems, and components (SSCs) design basis criteria in order to prevent or mitigate radiological releases. The safety strategy presented in this analysis for preventing or mitigating DBEs is based on the preclosure safety strategy outlined in ''Strategy to Mitigate Preclosure Offsite Exposure'' (CRWMS M&O 1998f). DBE analysis is necessary to provide feedback and requirements to the design process, and also to demonstrate compliance with proposed 10 CFR 63 (Dyer 1999b) requirements. DBE analysis is also required to identify and classify the SSCs that are important to safety (ITS).

J.A. Kappes

1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

149

340 waste handling facility interim safety basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents an interim safety basis for the 340 Waste Handling Facility classifying the 340 Facility as a Hazard Category 3 facility. The hazard analysis quantifies the operating safety envelop for this facility and demonstrates that the facility can be operated without a significant threat to onsite or offsite people.

VAIL, T.S.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

340 Waste handling facility interim safety basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents an interim safety basis for the 340 Waste Handling Facility classifying the 340 Facility as a Hazard Category 3 facility. The hazard analysis quantifies the operating safety envelop for this facility and demonstrates that the facility can be operated without a significant threat to onsite or offsite people.

Stordeur, R.T.

1996-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

151

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis Bradley Marchand and Naoki Saito Abstract in time and frequency. Its goal, given Bradley Marchand Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City Division, e-mail: bradley.marchand@navy.mil Naoki Saito Department of Mathematics, University of California

Saito, Naoki

152

CRAD, Facility Safety- Nuclear Facility Safety Basis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) that can be used for assessment of a contractor's Nuclear Facility Safety Basis.

153

Coupled-channel continuum eigenchannel basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this paper is to calculate bound, resonant and scattering states in the coupled-channel formalism without relying on the boundary conditions at large distances. The coupled-channel solution is expanded in eigenchannel bases i.e. in eigenfunctions of diagonal Hamiltonians. Each eigenchannel basis may include discrete and discretized continuum (real or complex energy) single particle states. The coupled-channel solutions are computed through diagonalization in these bases. The method is applied to a few two-channels problems. The exact bound spectrum of the Poeschl-Teller potential is well described by using a basis of real energy continuum states. For deuteron described by Reid potential, the experimental energy and the S and D contents of the wave function are reproduced in the asymptotic limit of the cutoff energy. For the Noro-Taylor potential resonant state energy is well reproduced by using the complex energy Berggren basis. It is found that the expansion of the coupled-channel wave function in these eigenchannel bases require less computational efforts than the use of any other basis. The solutions are stable and converge as the cutoff energy increases.

R. M. Id Betan

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

154

System Design and the Safety Basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to present the Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC (BJC) Lessons Learned for system design as it relates to safety basis documentation. BJC has had to reconcile incomplete or outdated system description information with current facility safety basis for a number of situations in recent months. This paper has relevance in multiple topical areas including documented safety analysis, decontamination & decommissioning (D&D), safety basis (SB) implementation, safety and design integration, potential inadequacy of the safety analysis (PISA), technical safety requirements (TSR), and unreviewed safety questions. BJC learned that nuclear safety compliance relies on adequate and well documented system design information. A number of PIS As and TSR violations occurred due to inadequate or erroneous system design information. As a corrective action, BJC assessed the occurrences caused by systems design-safety basis interface problems. Safety systems reviewed included the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) Fluorination System, K-1065 fire alarm system, and the K-25 Radiation Criticality Accident Alarm System. The conclusion was that an inadequate knowledge of system design could result in continuous non-compliance issues relating to nuclear safety. This was especially true with older facilities that lacked current as-built drawings coupled with the loss of 'historical knowledge' as personnel retired or moved on in their careers. Walkdown of systems and the updating of drawings are imperative for nuclear safety compliance. System design integration with safety basis has relevance in the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. This paper presents the BJC Lessons Learned in this area. It will be of benefit to DOE contractors that manage and operate an aging population of nuclear facilities.

Ellingson, Darrel

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

155

On the physical basis of cosmic time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this manuscript we initiate a systematic examination of the physical basis for the time concept in cosmology. We discuss and defend the idea that the physical basis of the time concept is necessarily related to physical processes which could conceivably take place among the material constituents available in the universe. It is common practice to link the concept of cosmic time with a space-time metric set up to describe the universe at large scales, and then define a cosmic time $t$ as what is measured by a comoving standard clock. We want to examine, however, the physical basis for setting up a comoving reference frame and, in particular, what could be meant by a standard clock. For this purpose we introduce the concept of a `core' of a clock (which, for a standard clock in cosmology, is a scale-setting physical process) and we ask if such a core can--in principle--be found in the available physics contemplated in the various `stages' of the early universe. We find that a first problem arises above the quark-gluon phase transition (which roughly occurs when the cosmological model is extrapolated back to $\\sim 10^{-5}$ seconds) where there might be no bound systems left, and the concept of a physical length scale to a certain extent disappears. A more serious problem appears above the electroweak phase transition believed to occur at $\\sim 10^{-11}$ seconds. At this point the property of mass (almost) disappears and it becomes difficult to identify a physical basis for concepts like length scale, energy scale and temperature -- which are all intimately linked to the concept of time in modern cosmology. This situation suggests that the concept of a time scale in `very early' universe cosmology lacks a physical basis or, at least, that the time scale will have to be based on speculative new physics.

Svend Erik Rugh; Henrik Zinkernagel

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

156

Experimental Evaluation on Modulus of Equivalent Homogeneous Ettringite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, the average modulus of delayed ettringite is evaluated by an experimental method combined with theoretical analysis. Firstly, the delayed ettringite crystal is synthesized by chemical reaction of Aluminum sulfate and calcium hydroxide. Secondly, specimens are obtained by compressing the delayed ettringite crystal under different pre-loads. Thirdly, the variation of the modulus of the specimen with different pre-loads is tested using Instron material test machine and the SHPB technique, respectively. It is found that the experimental data may be suitably fitted by Boltzmann Function. Finally, the porosity of the specimen is detected using the saturation method, and the effect of the porosity on the modulus is analyzed by the Eshelby's equivalent inclusion method and the Mori-Tanaka's scheme. The static and dynamic modulli of the equivalent homogeneous ettringite obtained in present study are approximately 10.64 \\{GPa\\} and 24.61 GPa, respectively.

Minghua Zhang; Jiankang Chen; Jue Zhu; Jiangying Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Layer equivalency factors and deformation characteristics of flexible pavements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for her pa- ti ence 1n typing this thesis. TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Objectives and Engineering Significance Research Plan Organization of The Thesis BACKGROUND Pavement Design Equivalency Factors The Pavement Pressuremeter Test Other Tests... Depth 0(in. ) 2 Base Course 12 Subbase Course tubing Pressuremeter Unloading Modulus EU (Section 7) 522172 psi (3600000 kPa) 24 70348 psi ( 485000 kPa) 36 Subgrade probe Test in progress 11604 psi ( 80000 kPa) 48? 11169 psi...

Hung, Jung-Tsann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project November 2003 A section of Appendix C...

159

Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots September 19, 2012 Presenter: Mike Hillman, Program Manager, Office of Health, Safety...

160

CRAD, Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Engineering Design and Safety Basis Inspection Criteria, Inspection Activities, and Lines of Inquiry (HSS CRAD 64-19, Rev. 0) The engineering design and safety basis inspection...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Unextendible Product Basis for Fermionic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the concept of unextendible product basis (UPB) and generalized UPB for fermionic systems, using Slater determinants as an analogue of product states, in the antisymmetric subspace $\\wedge^ N \\bC^M$. We construct an explicit example of generalized fermionic unextendible product basis (FUPB) of minimum cardinality $N(M-N)+1$ for any $N\\ge2,M\\ge4$. We also show that any bipartite antisymmetric space $\\wedge^ 2 \\bC^M$ of codimension two is spanned by Slater determinants, and the spaces of higher codimension may not be spanned by Slater determinants. Furthermore, we construct an example of complex FUPB of $N=2,M=4$ with minimum cardinality $5$. In contrast, we show that a real FUPB does not exist for $N=2,M=4$ . Finally we provide a systematic construction for FUPBs of higher dimensions using FUPBs and UPBs of lower dimensions.

Jianxin Chen; Lin Chen; Bei Zeng

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 115,177 140,290 179,117 1970's 193,209 195,072 197,967 206,833 194,329 189,541 172,584 166,392 161,511 165,515 1980's 142,171 142,423 128,858 124,193 132,501 117,736 115,604 124,890 120,092 121,425 1990's 119,405 129,154 132,656 130,336 128,583 146,048 139,841 150,008 144,609 164,794 2000's 164,908 152,862 152,724 124,955 133,434 103,381 105,236 110,745 94,785 95,359 2010's 102,448 95,630 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

163

Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 3,351 3,244 2,705 1970's 2,330 2,013 1,912 1,581 1,921 2,879 6,665 11,494 14,641 15,686 1980's 15,933 14,540 14,182 13,537 12,829 11,129 11,644 10,876 10,483 9,886 1990's 8,317 8,103 8,093 7,012 6,371 6,328 6,399 6,147 5,938 5,945 2000's 5,322 4,502 4,230 3,838 4,199 3,708 3,277 3,094 3,921 2,334 2010's 2,943 2,465 2,480 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013

164

California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 34,803 32,639 30,334 1970's 29,901 27,585 24,156 17,498 17,201 15,221 14,125 13,567 13,288 10,720 1980's 8,583 7,278 14,113 14,943 15,442 16,973 16,203 15,002 14,892 13,376 1990's 12,424 11,786 12,385 12,053 11,250 11,509 12,169 11,600 10,242 10,762 2000's 11,063 11,060 12,982 13,971 14,061 13,748 14,056 13,521 13,972 13,722 2010's 13,244 12,095 12,755 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

165

Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 11,500 8,573 8,579 1970's 6,574 6,133 6,063 5,441 5,557 5,454 5,231 4,764 6,192 3,923 1980's 6,845 5,638 6,854 6,213 6,516 6,334 4,466 2,003 2,142 1,444 1990's 1,899 2,181 2,342 2,252 2,024 2,303 2,385 2,404 2,263 2,287 2000's 1,416 1,558 1,836 1,463 2,413 1,716 2,252 1,957 2,401 3,270 2010's 4,576 4,684 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

166

New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 46,149 48,635 50,484 1970's 52,647 53,810 54,157 55,782 54,986 56,109 61,778 72,484 77,653 62,107 1980's 59,457 60,544 56,857 56,304 58,580 53,953 51,295 65,156 63,355 61,594 1990's 66,626 70,463 75,520 83,193 86,607 85,668 108,341 109,046 106,665 107,850 2000's 110,411 108,958 110,036 111,292 105,412 101,064 99,971 96,250 92,579 94,840 2010's 91,963 90,291 84,562 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

167

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 4,126 4,546 4,058 1970's 3,405 4,152 4,114 4,674 6,210 9,620 11,944 13,507 13,094 12,606 1980's 12,651 13,427 12,962 11,314 10,771 11,913 10,441 10,195 11,589 13,340 1990's 13,178 15,822 18,149 18,658 19,612 25,225 23,362 28,851 24,365 26,423 2000's 29,105 29,195 31,952 33,650 35,821 34,782 36,317 38,180 53,590 67,607 2010's 82,637 90,801 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

168

Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 236 1970's 225 281 243 199 501 694 661 933 1,967 4,845 1980's 4,371 4,484 4,727 4,709 5,123 5,236 4,836 4,887 4,774 5,022 1990's 4,939 4,997 5,490 5,589 5,647 5,273 5,361 4,637 4,263 18,079 2000's 24,086 13,754 14,826 11,293 15,133 13,759 21,065 19,831 17,222 17,232 2010's 19,059 17,271 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages:

169

North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 5,150 5,428 4,707 1970's 4,490 3,592 3,199 2,969 2,571 2,404 2,421 2,257 2,394 2,986 1980's 3,677 5,008 5,602 7,171 7,860 8,420 6,956 7,859 6,945 6,133 1990's 6,444 6,342 6,055 5,924 5,671 5,327 4,937 5,076 5,481 5,804 2000's 6,021 6,168 5,996 5,818 6,233 6,858 7,254 7,438 7,878 10,140 2010's 11,381 14,182 26,156 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014

170

Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 433,684 457,117 447,325 1970's 466,016 448,288 470,105 466,143 448,993 435,571 428,635 421,110 393,819 352,650 1980's 350,312 345,262 356,406 375,849 393,873 383,719 384,693 364,477 357,756 343,233 1990's 342,186 353,737 374,126 385,063 381,020 381,712 398,442 391,174 388,011 372,566 2000's 380,535 355,860 360,535 332,405 360,110 355,589 373,350 387,349 401,503 424,042 2010's 433,622 481,308 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

171

Perturbative Effective Theory in an Oscillator Basis?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effective interaction problem in nuclear physics is believed to be highly nonperturbative, requiring extended high-momentum spaces for accurate solution. We trace this to difficulties that arise at both short and long distances when the included space is defined in terms of a basis of harmonic oscillator Slater determinants. We show, in the simplest case of the deuteron, that both difficulties can be circumvented, yielding highly perturbative results in the potential even for modest (?4??) included spaces.

W. C. Haxton and T. Luu

2002-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

172

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structural Basis for Activation Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Wednesday, 30 November 2005 00:00 Cholera is a serious disease that claims thousands of victims each year in third-world, war-torn, and disaster-stricken nations. The culprit is the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which can be ingested through contaminated food or water and colonizes the mucous membrane of the human small intestine. There, it secretes cholera toxin (CT), a protein whose A1 subunit (CTA1) triggers a series of events culminating in the massive efflux of electrolytes and water into the intestinal cavity, causing the watery diarrhea characteristic of cholera that can lead to severe dehydration and death. Crystal structures of the CTA1 subunit in complex with its activator molecule (ARF6) reveal that binding of the ARF6 "switch" elicits dramatic changes in CTA1 loop regions, exposing the toxin's active site. The extensive CTA1-ARF6 interface mimics recognition of ARF6's normal cellular protein partners, which suggests that the toxin has evolved to exploit the molecular switch's promiscuous binding properties.

173

On the physical basis of cosmic time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this manuscript we initiate a systematic examination of the physical basis for the time concept in cosmology. We discuss and defend the idea that the physical basis of the time concept is necessarily related to physical processes which could conceivably take place among the material constituents available in the universe. It is common practice to link the concept of cosmic time with a space-time metric set up to describe the universe at large scales, and then define a cosmic time $t$ as what is measured by a comoving standard clock. We want to examine, however, the physical basis for setting up a comoving reference frame and, in particular, what could be meant by a standard clock. For this purpose we introduce the concept of a `core' of a clock (which, for a standard clock in cosmology, is a scale-setting physical process) and we ask if such a core can--in principle--be found in the available physics contemplated in the various `stages' of the early universe. We find that a first problem arises above the q...

Rugh, Svend Erik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Assessing Beyond Design Basis Seismic Events and Implications on Seismic  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assessing Beyond Design Basis Seismic Events and Implications on Assessing Beyond Design Basis Seismic Events and Implications on Seismic Risk Assessing Beyond Design Basis Seismic Events and Implications on Seismic Risk September 19, 2012 Presenter: Jeffrey Kimball, Technical Specialist (Seismologist) Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Topics Covered: Department of Energy Approach to Natural Phenomena Hazards Analysis and Design (Seismic) Design Basis and Beyond Design Basis Seismic Events Seismic Risk Implications - Key Parameters and Insights Conclusions Assessing Beyond Design Basis Seismic Events and Implications on Seismic Risk More Documents & Publications DOE's Approach to Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis and Management Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Test Reactor Probabilistic Risk

175

Marketing Texas Wool on a Quality Basis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

length of staple and clean content in scouring tests made on 49 bags of graded and ungraded wool. Fine Staple yielded 2 percent more clean wool than the average of the lot, while Fine French Combing, Fine Clothing and "orig- inal bag" yielded 2.3, 7... properties of wool are necessary to determine quality. Such infor- mation is essential to efficient production, mar- keting and utilization. The feasibility of grad- ing wool at the shearing pens and selling it on the basis of grade in the local market...

Wooten, Alvin B.; Gabbard, L. P.; Davis, Stanley P.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Technical basis for internal dosimetry at Hanford  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford Internal Dosimetry Program, administered by Pacific Northwest Laboratory for the US Department of Energy, provides routine bioassay monitoring for employees who are potentially exposed to radionuclides in the workplace. This report presents the technical basis for routine bioassay monitoring and the assessment of internal dose at Hanford. The radionuclides of concern include tritium, corrosion products ({sup 58}Co, {sup 60}Co, {sup 54}Mn, and {sup 59}Fe), strontium, cesium, iodine, europium, uranium, plutonium, and americium,. Sections on each of these radionuclides discuss the sources and characteristics; dosimetry; bioassay measurements and monitoring; dose measurement, assessment, and mitigation and bioassay follow-up treatment. 78 refs., 35 figs., 115 tabs.

Sula, M.J.; Carbaugh, E.H.; Bihl, D.E.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Personal Dose Equivalent Conversion Coefficients For Photons To 1 GEV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The personal dose equivalent, H{sub p}(d), is the quantity recommended by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) to be used as an approximation of the protection quantity Effective Dose when performing personal dosemeter calibrations. The personal dose equivalent can be defined for any location and depth within the body. Typically, the location of interest is the trunk where personal dosemeters are usually worn and in this instance a suitable approximation is a 30 cm X 30 cm X 15 cm slab-type phantom. For this condition the personal dose equivalent is denoted as H{sub p,slab}(d) and the depths, d, are taken to be 0.007 cm for non-penetrating and 1 cm for penetrating radiation. In operational radiation protection a third depth, 0.3 cm, is used to approximate the dose to the lens of the eye. A number of conversion coefficients for photons are available for incident energies up to several MeV, however, data to higher energies are limited. In this work conversion coefficients up to 1 GeV have been calculated for H{sub p,slab}(10) and H{sub p,slab}(3) using both the kerma approximation and by tracking secondary charged particles. For H{sub p}(0.07) the conversion coefficients were calculated, but only to 10 MeV due to computational limitations. Additionally, conversions from air kerma to H{sub p,slab}(d) have been determined and are reported. The conversion coefficients were determined for discrete incident energies, but analytical fits of the coefficients over the energy range are provided. Since the inclusion of air can influence the production of secondary charged particles incident on the face of the phantom conversion coefficients have been determined both in vacuo and with the source and slab immersed within a sphere in air. The conversion coefficients for the personal dose equivalent are compared to the appropriate protection quantity, calculated according to the recommendations of the latest International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) guidance.

Veinot, K. G.; Hertel, N. E.

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

178

Equivalence principle and experimental tests of gravitational spin effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the possibility of experimentally testing the manifestations of the equivalence principle in spin-gravity interactions. We reconsider the earlier experimental data and get the first experimental bound on the anomalous gravitomagnetic moment. The spin coupling to the Earth's rotation may also be explored at the extensions of neutron electric-dipole-moment and g-2 experiments. The spin coupling to terrestrial gravity produces a considerable effect which may be discovered at the planned deuteron electric-dipole-moment experiment. The Earth's rotation should also be taken into account in optical experiments in search of axionlike particles.

Silenko, Alexander J.; Teryaev, Oleg V. [Institute of Nuclear Problems, Belarusian State University, Minsk 220080 (Belarus); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Cholera is a serious disease that claims thousands of victims each year in third-world, war-torn, and disaster-stricken nations. The culprit is the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which can be ingested through contaminated food or water and colonizes the mucous membrane of the human small intestine. There, it secretes cholera toxin (CT), a protein whose A1 subunit (CTA1) triggers a series of events culminating in the massive efflux of electrolytes and water into the intestinal cavity, causing the watery diarrhea characteristic of cholera that can lead to severe dehydration and death. Crystal structures of the CTA1 subunit in complex with its activator molecule (ARF6) reveal that binding of the ARF6 "switch" elicits dramatic changes in CTA1 loop regions, exposing the toxin's active site. The extensive CTA1-ARF6 interface mimics recognition of ARF6's normal cellular protein partners, which suggests that the toxin has evolved to exploit the molecular switch's promiscuous binding properties.

180

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Cholera is a serious disease that claims thousands of victims each year in third-world, war-torn, and disaster-stricken nations. The culprit is the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which can be ingested through contaminated food or water and colonizes the mucous membrane of the human small intestine. There, it secretes cholera toxin (CT), a protein whose A1 subunit (CTA1) triggers a series of events culminating in the massive efflux of electrolytes and water into the intestinal cavity, causing the watery diarrhea characteristic of cholera that can lead to severe dehydration and death. Crystal structures of the CTA1 subunit in complex with its activator molecule (ARF6) reveal that binding of the ARF6 "switch" elicits dramatic changes in CTA1 loop regions, exposing the toxin's active site. The extensive CTA1-ARF6 interface mimics recognition of ARF6's normal cellular protein partners, which suggests that the toxin has evolved to exploit the molecular switch's promiscuous binding properties.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Technical Basis for PNNL Beryllium Inventory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) issued Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 850, 揅hronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program (the Beryllium Rule) in 1999 and required full compliance by no later than January 7, 2002. The Beryllium Rule requires the development of a baseline beryllium inventory of the locations of beryllium operations and other locations of potential beryllium contamination at DOE facilities. The baseline beryllium inventory is also required to identify workers exposed or potentially exposed to beryllium at those locations. Prior to DOE issuing 10 CFR 850, Pacific Northwest Nuclear Laboratory (PNNL) had documented the beryllium characterization and worker exposure potential for multiple facilities in compliance with DOE抯 1997 Notice 440.1, 揑nterim Chronic Beryllium Disease. After DOE抯 issuance of 10 CFR 850, PNNL developed an implementation plan to be compliant by 2002. In 2014, an internal self-assessment (ITS #E-00748) of PNNL抯 Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program (CBDPP) identified several deficiencies. One deficiency is that the technical basis for establishing the baseline beryllium inventory when the Beryllium Rule was implemented was either not documented or not retrievable. In addition, the beryllium inventory itself had not been adequately documented and maintained since PNNL established its own CBDPP, separate from Hanford Site抯 program. This document reconstructs PNNL抯 baseline beryllium inventory as it would have existed when it achieved compliance with the Beryllium Rule in 2001 and provides the technical basis for the baseline beryllium inventory.

Johnson, Michelle Lynn

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

182

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Structural Basis for Activation of Cholera Toxin Print Cholera is a serious disease that claims thousands of victims each year in third-world, war-torn, and disaster-stricken nations. The culprit is the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which can be ingested through contaminated food or water and colonizes the mucous membrane of the human small intestine. There, it secretes cholera toxin (CT), a protein whose A1 subunit (CTA1) triggers a series of events culminating in the massive efflux of electrolytes and water into the intestinal cavity, causing the watery diarrhea characteristic of cholera that can lead to severe dehydration and death. Crystal structures of the CTA1 subunit in complex with its activator molecule (ARF6) reveal that binding of the ARF6 "switch" elicits dramatic changes in CTA1 loop regions, exposing the toxin's active site. The extensive CTA1-ARF6 interface mimics recognition of ARF6's normal cellular protein partners, which suggests that the toxin has evolved to exploit the molecular switch's promiscuous binding properties.

183

Distributed resonance self-shielding using the equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an extension of the equivalence principle to allow distributed resonance self-shielding in a multi-region fuel configuration. Rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability is applied in order to establish equivalence between the actual fuel configuration and a homogeneous mixture of hydrogen and resonant absorber, which is a commonly used model to calculate library tables of resonance integrals. The main steps in derivation are given along with the basic physics assumptions on which the presented approach relies. The method has been implemented in the lattice code WIMS-AECL and routinely used for calculation of CANDU-type reactor lattices. Its capabilities are illustrated by comparison of WIMS-AECL and MCNP results of {sup 238}U resonance capture in a CANDU lattice cell. In order to determine optimal rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability, the calculations were carried out by varying the number of rational terms from 1 to 6. The results show that 4 terms are sufficient. The further increase of the number of terms affects the computing time, while the impact on accuracy is negligible. To illustrate the convergence of the results, the fuel subdivision is gradually refined varying the number of fuel pin subdivisions from 1 to 32 equal-area annuli. The results show very good agreement with the reference MCNP calculation. (authors)

Altiparmakov, D. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Equivalence of safety requirements between CANDU and US NRC requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) technology has been built on an original pressurized heavy-water reactor (PHWR) concept, which has several characteristics different from those of light water reactors (LWRs). However, the philosophy of defense-in-depth, based on multiple levels of safety and implemented through the provision of several physical and functional barriers against the release of radioactivity to the environment, is applied to both types of reactor. It is not surprising, therefore, that there is conceptual convergence of safety objectives between the CANDU and the LWR designs, which in turn translates into an equivalence of CANDU safety requirements with the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirements established for LWRS. The demonstration of this safety requirements equivalence has been an important activity for the licensing of CANDU reactors in countries whose regulatory environment has been influenced by the NRC approach and has more recently acquired a special emphasis in the context of a preapplication review of an advanced CANDU design, the CANDU 3, for its design certification in the United States. This paper highlights results of a comparative exercise dealing with the fundamental principles of the CANDU safety philosophy and the corresponding NRC requirements.

Azeez, S.; Bonechi, M. (Sheridan Park Research Community, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)); Rib, L. (AECL Technologies, Rockville, MD (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Review and Approval of Nuclear Facility Safety Basis and Safety Design Basis Documents  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1104-2009 May 2009 Superseding DOE-STD-1104-96 DOE STANDARD REVIEW AND APPROVAL OF NUCLEAR FACILITY SAFETY BASIS AND SAFETY DESIGN BASIS DOCUMENTS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, DC 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1104-2009 ii Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards web page at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/ DOE-STD-1104-2009 iii CONTENTS FOREWORD .................................................................................................................................. v INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................................

186

Radioactive Waste Management BasisSept 2001  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Radioactive Waste Management Basis (RWMB) documents radioactive waste management practices adopted at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) pursuant to Department of Energy (DOE) Order 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management. The purpose of this RWMB is to describe the systematic approach for planning, executing, and evaluating the management of radioactive waste at LLNL. The implementation of this document will ensure that waste management activities at LLNL are conducted in compliance with the requirements of DOE Order 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management, and the Implementation Guide for DOE manual 435.1-1, Radioactive Waste Management Manual. Technical justification is provided where methods for meeeting the requirements of DOE Order 435.1 deviate from the DOE Manual 435.1-1 and Implementation Guide.

Goodwin, S S

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

Born--Jordan Quantization and the Equivalence of Matrix and Wave Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of the famous Born and Jordan 1925 paper was to put Heisenberg's matrix mechanics on a firm mathematical basis. Born and Jordan showed that if one wants to ensure energy conservation in Heisenberg's theory it is necessary and sufficient to quantize observables following a certain ordering rule. One apparently unnoticed consequence of this fact is that Schr\\"odinger's wave mechanics cannot be equivalent to Heisenberg's more physically motivated matrix mechanics unless its observables are quantized using this rule, and not the more symmetric prescription proposed by Weyl in 1926, which has become the standard procedure in quantum mechanics. This observation confirms the superiority of Born-Jordan quantization, as already suggested by Kauffmann. We also show how to explicitly determine the Born--Jordan quantization of arbitrary classical variables, and discuss the conceptual advantages in using this quantization scheme. We finally suggest that it might be possible to determine the correct quantization scheme by using the results of weak measurement experiments.

Maurice A. de Gosson

2014-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Suggested Equivalencies for General Technical Base Qualification Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Base Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience The following information was distributed by Thomas W. Evans (HR 1.5) in a memorandum dated December 12, 1995. The memorandum is on file in DOE-ID Training and if needed can be referenced as "DOE Memorandum, Course Catalog and Competency to Course Matching", dated December 12, 1995. DOE Technical Qualification Program Standards specify competencies that technical DOE employees must possess to accomplish their assigned tasks and activities. These competencies can be gained in a number of ways including through training, education, or prior military or job experience. This material contains lists of the military or job experience and the competencies that were gained as a result of that

189

Cost performance comparisons of equivalent conventional and 100% solar houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sixth design of ALL SOLAR HOUSE and the equivalent conventional house had detailed performance and item by item cost checks made. Surprisingly the active solar comes out to lower cost than the passive. A further suprise, the passive comes out as more efficient than the active. The conventional house has slightly more uniform temperature and has comparable cost. All these designs are thermostated to the 20+/sup 0/C (70+/sup 0/F) range. All have the same volumetric efficiency. The line of descent for ALL SOLAR HOUSE is: Experimental Manor, All glass house, Peterson's, Binghamton, Loraine, and now Keene. The last on speculation for the low cost market as a prototype for wide spread use. Several of the specially engineered components have been used that they are offered commercially.

Saunders, N.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Galilei covariance and Einstein's equivalence principle in quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The covariance of the Schr\\"odinger equation under Galilei boosts and the compatibility of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics with Einstein's equivalence principle have been constrained for so long to the existence of a superselection rule which would prevent a quantum particle to be found in superposition states of different masses. In a effort to avoid this expedient, thus allowing for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics to account for unstable particles, recent works have suggested that usual Galilean transformations are inconsistent with the nonrelativistic limit of the Lorentz transformation. Here we approach the issue in a fundamentally different way. Using a formalism of unitary transformations and employing quantum reference frames rather than immaterial coordinate systems, we show that the Schr\\"odinger equation, although form-variant, is fully compatible with the aforementioned principles of relativity.

S. T. Pereira; R. M. Angelo

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Standard Model in Noncommutative Geometry and Morita equivalence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some properties of the spectral triple $(A_F,H_F,D_F,J_F,\\gamma_F)$ describing the internal space in the noncommutative geometry approach to the Standard Model, with $A_F=\\mathbb{C}\\oplus\\mathbb{H}\\oplus M_3(\\mathbb{C})$. We show that, if we want $H_F$ to be a Morita equivalence bimodule between $A_F$ and the associated Clifford algebra, two terms must be added to the Dirac operator; we then study its relation with the orientability condition for a spectral triple. We also illustrate what changes if one considers a spectral triple with a degenerate representation, based on the complex algebra $B_F=\\mathbb{C}\\oplus M_2(\\mathbb{C})\\oplus M_3(\\mathbb{C})$.

Francesco D'Andrea; Ludwik Dabrowski

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

3D turtle geometry: artwork, theory, program equivalence and symmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We define a 3D variant of turtle graphics and present the theoretical foundations of 3D turtle geometry. This theory enables one to reason about open and closed 3D polygonal paths by means of algebraic calculations. In particular, we introduce several equivalence relations on turtle programs and theorems that define corresponding standard forms. Also we express the relationship between the symmetries of a 3D polygonal path and the symmetries of a generating turtle program in a suitable standard form. Finally, we discuss software tool support for 3D turtle geometry. Along the way, we present some artworks designed through 3D turtle graphics. These artworks have never been described in the literature before.

Tom Verhoeff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Geodesic equivalence via integrability Peter Topalov y and Vladimir S. Matveev z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic equivalence via integrability Peter Topalov #3;y and Vladimir S. Matveev z Keywords: Geodesically Equivalent Metrics, Projectively Equivalent Metrics, Integrable Systems, Levi-Civita Coordinates an orbital di#11;eomorphism be- tween two Hamiltonian systems, produces integrals of them. We treat geodesic

Matveev, Vladimir S.

194

Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model Xinzhong Chen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 Abstract: In current design practice, spatiotemporally varying wind loads on buildings are modeled as equivalent static on buildings are modeled as equivalent static wind loads (ESWLs). This loading description serves as pivotal

Chen, Xinzhong

195

Adjoint-based method for supersonic aircraft design using equivalent area distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adjoint-based method for supersonic aircraft design using equivalent area distributions Francisco for the design of supersonic aircraft that must match a target equivalent area distribution at constant lift of an adjoint solver for the equivalent area distribution, and the shape design process of a trijet supersonic

Alonso, Juan J.

196

On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics Dedicated and the author [13] have worked out the equivalence between state transformer semantics and predicate transformer the last section, where the equivalence of predicate and state transformer semantics is finally put

Keimel, Klaus

197

Unconventional Hydrocarbons:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to further development of domestic gas markets in North America and liquefied natural...business revitalization, the creation of markets for new by-products, greater energy...gallon-equivalent basis compared to gasoline or diesel. Fugitive Methane Emissions from Extraction...

Michael A. Arthur; David R. Cole

198

Nonlinear adaptive control using radial basis function approximants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to present an adaptive control strategy using the radial basis function approximation method. Surface approximation methods using radial basis function approximants will first be discussed. The Hamiltonian dynamical...

Petersen, Jerry Lee

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

CRAD, Review of Safety Basis Development - May 6, 2013 | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

May 6, 2013 CRAD, Review of Safety Basis Development - May 6, 2013 May 6, 2013 Review of Safety Basis Development for the Los Alamos National Laboratory Transuranic Waste Facility...

200

Authorization basis status report (miscellaneous TWRS facilities, tanks and components)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a systematic evaluation conducted to identify miscellaneous TWRS facilities, tanks and components with potential needed authorization basis upgrades. It provides the Authorization Basis upgrade plan for those miscellaneous TWRS facilities, tanks and components identified.

Stickney, R.G.

1998-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Office of Nuclear Safety Basis and Facility Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Nuclear Safety Basis & Facility Design establishes safety basis and facility design requirements and expectations related to analysis and design of nuclear facilities to ensure protection of workers and the public from the hazards associated with nuclear operations.

202

Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Climate Change 2001: Climate Change 2001: Working Group I: The Scientific Basis Get Javascript Other reports in this collection 4. Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases Contents Executive Summary 4.1 Introduction 4.1.1 Sources of Greenhouse Gases 4.1.2 Atmospheric Chemistry and Feedbacks 4.1.3 Trace Gas Budgets and Trends 4.1.4 Atmospheric Lifetimes and Time-Scales 4.2 Trace Gases: Current Observations, Trends and Budgets 4.2.1 Non-CO2 Kyoto Gases 4.2.1.1 Methane (CH4) 4.2.1.2 Nitrous oxide (N2O) 4.2.1.3 Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) 4.2.1.4 Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) 4.2.2 Montreal Protocol Gases and Stratospheric Ozone (O3) 4.2.3 Reactive Gases 4.2.3.1 Carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) 4.2.3.2 Volatile organic compounds (VOC) 4.2.3.3 Nitrogen oxides (NOx)

203

Compton and Jansen "A philosophical basis for knowledge acquisition" 1/17 A philosophical basis for knowledge acquisition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compton and Jansen "A philosophical basis for knowledge acquisition" 1/17 A philosophical basis. Compton and R. Jansen Garvan Institute of Medical Research, St. Vincent's Hospital Sydney 2010, Australia better solutions to be developed. #12;Compton and Jansen "A philosophical basis for knowledge acquisition

Compton, Paul

204

CRAD, Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 CRAD, Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 December 22, 2009 Engineering Design and Safety Basis Inspection Criteria, Inspection Activities, and Lines of Inquiry (HSS CRAD 64-19, Rev. 0) The engineering design and safety basis inspection will evaluate the effectiveness of programs and processes for the design and safety basis of selected safety structures, systems, and components (SSCs) of a nuclear facility. The nuclear facility may be an existing facility, a major modification to an existing facility, or a new facility under construction. Accordingly, the safety basis for the facility, for example, a documented safety analysis (DSA) or a preliminary documented safety analysis (PDSA),

205

CRAD, Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 CRAD, Engineering Design and Safety Basis - December 22, 2009 December 22, 2009 Engineering Design and Safety Basis Inspection Criteria, Inspection Activities, and Lines of Inquiry (HSS CRAD 64-19, Rev. 0) The engineering design and safety basis inspection will evaluate the effectiveness of programs and processes for the design and safety basis of selected safety structures, systems, and components (SSCs) of a nuclear facility. The nuclear facility may be an existing facility, a major modification to an existing facility, or a new facility under construction. Accordingly, the safety basis for the facility, for example, a documented safety analysis (DSA) or a preliminary documented safety analysis (PDSA),

206

Beyond Design Basis Events Analysis and Response Information | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beyond Design Basis Events Analysis Beyond Design Basis Events Analysis and Response Information Beyond Design Basis Events Analysis and Response Information September 19-20, 2012 Beyond Design Basis Events Analysis and Response Information DOE's Safety Bulletin No. 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, March 2011 DOE's Nuclear Safety Workshop Newsletter, June 2011 2011 Nuclear Safety Workshop Presentations, June 2011 Transmittal Memorandum, Report on Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to Beyond Design Basis Events, September 2011 Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to Beyond Design Basis Events, August 2011 NRC Report - Recommendations for Enhancing Reactor Safety in the 21st Century; The Near-Term Task Force Review of Insights from the

207

Mesoscale symmetries explain dynamical equivalence of food webs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A goal of complex system research is to identify the dynamical implications of network structure. While early results focused mainly on local or global structural properties, there is now growing interest in mesoscale structures that comprise more than one node but not the whole network. A central challenge is to discover under what conditions the occurrence of a specific mesoscale motif already allows conclusions on the dynamics of a network as a whole. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of ecological food webs, complex heterogeneous networks of interacting populations. Generalizing the results of MacArthur and S醤chez-Garc韆 (2009 Phys. Rev. E 80 26117), we show that certain mesoscale symmetries imply the existence of localized dynamical modes. If these modes are unstable the occurrence of the corresponding mesoscale motif implies dynamical instability regardless of the structure of the embedding network. In contrast, if the mode is stable it means that the symmetry can be exploited to reduce the number of nodes in the model, without changing the dynamics of the system. This result explains a previously observed dynamical equivalence between food webs containing a different number of species.

Helge Aufderheide; Lars Rudolf; Thilo Gross

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Application of the MELCOR code to design basis PWR large dry containment analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MELCOR computer code has been developed by Sandia National Laboratories under USNRC sponsorship to provide capability for independently auditing analyses submitted by reactor manufactures and utilities. MELCOR is a fully integrated code (encompassing the reactor coolant system and the containment building) that models the progression of postulated accidents in light water reactor power plants. To assess the adequacy of containment thermal-hydraulic modeling incorporated in the MELCOR code for application to PWR large dry containments, several selected demonstration designs were analyzed. This report documents MELCOR code demonstration calculations performed for postulated design basis accident (DBA) analysis (LOCA and MSLB) inside containment, which are compared to other code results. The key processes when analyzing the containment loads inside PWR large dry containments are (1) expansion and transport of high mass/energy releases, (2) heat and mass transfer to structural passive heat sinks, and (3) containment pressure reduction due to engineered safety features. A code-to-code benchmarking for DBA events showed that MELCOR predictions of maximum containment loads were equivalent to similar predictions using a qualified containment code known as CONTAIN. This equivalency was found to apply for both single- and multi-cell containment models.

Phillips, Jesse; Notafrancesco, Allen (USNRC, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, Rockville, MD); Tills, Jack Lee (Jack Tills & Associates, Inc., Sandia Park, NM)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

An equivalent network for resistance and temperature coefficient of resistance versus temperature and composition of thick resistive films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two types of elementary resistances in thick resistive films have been considered: (i) constriction resistance R C determined by the bulk properties of conducting material and by the geometry of constriction and (ii) barrier resistance R B determined by the parameters of a thermally activated type of tunneling process and by the geometry of the metal?insulator?metal unit. On this basis a resistance network composed of a large number of the two types of resistances has been defined. The network has been considered as being equivalent to thick resistive film (TRF) from the point of view of the resistance and temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR). The parameters of this network have been evaluated by the computer?aided approximation of the experimental data found for RuO2?based TRFs. On the basis of the equations derived for the network as well as the results of the approximation process it can be concluded that the small values of the network TCR result from the superposition of the TCR of the conducting component ? C and of the temperature coefficient of barrier resistance ? B . In this superposition ? C is attenuated (by 12 orders of magnitude) while ? B is attenuated by only few percentages. The network has been found to be strongly barrier dominated.

A. Kusy

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Influence of organs in the ICRP's remainder on effective dose equivalent computed for diagnostic radiation exposures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ICRP effective dose equivalent has been compared with a weighted dose equivalent, computed by treating the entire remainder instead of the sample of five remainder organs in the ICRP method as uniformly radiosensitive, for dose distributions from three common diagnostic exposures: chest, dental full-mouth and dental panoramic. Complete dose distributions were computed by a Monte Carlo model. In all three cases the effective dose equivalent was greater than the weighted dose equivalent. The difference was only 20% for the chest exam but was more than fivefold for both dental exposures. Dose distributions for the dental exposures were less homogeneous than for the chest examination. Selection of organs to be included in the remainder markedly affects the effective dose equivalent. In the case of highly inhomogeneous dose distributions, the effective dose equivalent probably significantly over-estimates radiation detriment.

Gibbs, S.J.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots September 19, 2012 Presenter: Mike Hillman, Program Manager, Office of Health, Safety and Security, US Department of Energy Topics covered: Update DOE safety analysis and emergency management requirements/guidance and perform pilot applications Perform system walkdowns and evaluations at several Cat 1 and 2 DOE nuclear facilities to assess potential susceptibilities to natural phenomena hazards and external BDBEs Conduct emergency drills and exercises at DOE sites with nuclear facilities, focusing on BDBEs Results from Beyond Design Basis Event Pilots More Documents & Publications Development of Guidance for Analysis of Beyond Design Basis Events Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot

212

SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination SRS FTF Section 3116 Basis for Determination Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Closure of F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site. In accordance with NDAA Section 3116, certain waste from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel is not high-level waste if the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the NRC, determines that the criteria in NDAA Section 3116(a) are met. This FTF 3116 Basis Document shows that those criteria are satisfied, to support a determination that the Secretary may make pursuant to NDAA Section 3116. This FTF 3116 Basis Document concerns the stabilized residuals in waste tanks and ancillary structures, those waste tanks, and the ancillary structures (including integral equipment) at the SRS FTF at the time of closure.

213

CP-odd weak basis invariants and texture zeros  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We construct the CP-odd weak basis invariants from the neutrino mass matrix in a weak basis, in which the charged lepton mass matrix is diagonal, and find the necessary and sufficient conditions for CP conservation. We study the interrelationships between different CP-odd weak basis invariants to examine their implications for the Dirac- and Majorana-type CP violating phases for the phenomenologically allowed Frampton-Glashow-Marfatia texture zero structures of the neutrino mass matrix.

S. Dev; Sanjeev Kumar; Surender Verma

2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

214

Synchronic modal equivalencing (SME) for structure-preserving dynamic equivalents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel framework for dynamic equivalencing that the authors recently introduced in the context of classical swing-equation models is extended in this paper to detailed models in structure-preserving, differential/algebraic-equation form. The system is partitioned into a study area and one or more external areas on the basis of synchrony, a generalization of slow-coherency that forms one leg of the framework. Retaining a detailed model for a single reference generator from each external area, the dynamics of the remaining external generators are then modally equivalenced in the style of Selective Modal Analysis; this modal equivalencing is the other leg of the framework. The equivalenced external generators are thereby collectively replaced by a linear multi-port admittance, which is easily represented using controlled current injectors at the buses of the replaced generators. The rest of the system model can be retained in its original nonlinear dynamic form. The approach is tested--with encouraging results--on the familiar 93rd-order, 10-machine, 39-bus New England model, using an implementation in the EUROSTAG simulation package.

Ramaswamy, G.N.; Verghese, G.C.; Lesieutre, B.C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)] [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States); Rouco, L. [Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica, Madrid (Spain)] [Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica, Madrid (Spain); Filiatre, O.; Panciatici, P.; Peltier, D.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Evaluation of Authorization Basis Management Systems and Processes...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

explosive operations in AAO and MHC. This realignment of responsibilities can improve the efficiency of authorization basis document development, review, and approval. AAO has been...

216

CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR February 2007 A...

217

Appendices for the Basis Document | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of the Tank Farm Facility (TFF) closure, inventory tables were generated for all tanks that have been cleaned up to this point. Appendices for the Basis Document More...

218

200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility set-values selection basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document identifies the set-values and selection basis to support operation of the 200 Area ETF and 200 Area TEDF.

Crane, A.F., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

CH3: VECTOR SPACES 3.5 Change of Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? There are three cases: (a) Given x = c1u1 + c2u2, find the coordinates with respect to the standard basis [e1, e2

Gera, Ralucca

220

Darstellung aromatischer Monomere auf Basis von 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Auf Grund der Endlichkeit fossiler Rohstoffe, ist ein Wechsel von der Petrochemie hin zu einer Chemie auf Basis nachwachsender Rohstoffe letztlich unvermeidlich. Eine der Hauptaufgaben (more)

Neumann, Christopher No雔 Dietmar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Technical Cost Modeling - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cost Modeling - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program Focus 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

222

Un-equivalency Theorem of Deformed Heisenberg-Weyl's Algebra in Noncommutative Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An extensively tacit understandings of equivalency between the deformed Heisenberg-Weyl algebra in noncommutative space and the undeformed Heisenberg-Weyl algebra in commutative space is elucidated. Equivalency conditions between two algebras are clarified. It is explored that the deformed algebra related to the undeformed one by a non-orthogonal similarity transformation. Furthermore, non-existence of a unitary similarity transformation which transforms the deformed algebra to the undeformed one is demonstrated. The un-equivalency theorem between the deformed and the undeformed algebras is fully proved. Elucidation of this un-equivalency theorem has basic meaning both in theory and practice.

Jian-Zu Zhang

2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

223

Blending of Radioactive Salt Solutions in Million Gallon Tanks - 13002  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 - 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, 'One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory'. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks. (authors)

Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken. S.C., 29808 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Blending Of Radioactive Salt Solutions In Million Gallon Tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research was completed at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to investigate processes related to the blending of radioactive, liquid waste, salt solutions in 4920 cubic meter, 25.9 meter diameter storage tanks. One process was the blending of large salt solution batches (up to 1135 ? 3028 cubic meters), using submerged centrifugal pumps. A second process was the disturbance of a settled layer of solids, or sludge, on the tank bottom. And a third investigated process was the settling rate of sludge solids if suspended into slurries by the blending pump. To investigate these processes, experiments, CFD models (computational fluid dynamics), and theory were applied. Experiments were performed using simulated, non-radioactive, salt solutions referred to as supernates, and a layer of settled solids referred to as sludge. Blending experiments were performed in a 2.44 meter diameter pilot scale tank, and flow rate measurements and settling tests were performed at both pilot scale and full scale. A summary of the research is presented here to demonstrate the adage that, ?One good experiment fixes a lot of good theory?. Experimental testing was required to benchmark CFD models, or the models would have been incorrectly used. In fact, CFD safety factors were established by this research to predict full-scale blending performance. CFD models were used to determine pump design requirements, predict blending times, and cut costs several million dollars by reducing the number of required blending pumps. This research contributed to DOE missions to permanently close the remaining 47 of 51 SRS waste storage tanks.

Leishear, Robert A.; Lee, Si Y.; Fowley, Mark D.; Poirier, Michael R.

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

UNIVERSITYOFSOUTHCAROLINACAMPUSRECREATIONCAMPUSREC.SC.EDU Gallons of paper and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sheriff's Dive Squad for their annual deep water training 1/14 颅 Hosted the USC vs. Duke Varsity Swim deep-water training 1/25 颅 Student Life New Employee Lunch 1/27 颅 Sexual Assault and Violence Interven颅 January 31 106,593 February 2012 Outdoor Recreation Launches Abandonded Bike Project This project aims

Almor, Amit

226

"Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

" 60 Years or More","NA","NA",17.1,18.3,18.8,19.20543 "Race of Householder1" " White",15.3,"NA",18.3,19.3,19.8,20.02113 " Black ",13.3,"NA",18.5,19.4,19.8,21.37109 " Other...

227

Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices as Electric...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

market continues to grow, electric vehicles will play a key role in our effort to reduce air pollution and slow the effects of climate change." Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales...

228

Page 8015 TITLE 42-THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

at least 75 miles per gallon equivalent while operating as a hybrid electric-gasoline or electric-diesel vehicle; or (C) at least 75 miles per gallon equivalent while operating as...

229

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

to a tax of 0.16 per diesel gallon equivalent. Compressed natural gas, butane, and propane are subject to a tax of 0.16 per gasoline gallon equivalent. The tax does not apply...

230

Algorithms to Compute Minimum Cycle Basis in Directed Graphs #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, . . . ,C d whose incidence vectors permit a unique linear combination of the incidence vector of any cycleAlgorithms to Compute Minimum Cycle Basis in Directed Graphs # Telikepalli Kavitha + Kurt Mehlhorn # Abstract We consider the problem of computing a minimum cycle basis in a di颅 rected graph G with m arcs

Mehlhorn, Kurt

231

Implementing Minimum Cycle Basis algorithms Kurt Mehlhorn and Dimitrios Michail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementing Minimum Cycle Basis algorithms Kurt Mehlhorn and Dimitrios Michail Max consider the problem of computing a mini- mum cycle basis of an undirected graph G = (V, E) with n vertices in a significant speedup. Based on our experimental observations, we combine the two fundamen- tally different

Mehlhorn, Kurt

232

Americium-Curium Stabilization - 5'' Cylindrical Induction Melter System Design Basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Approximately 11,000 liters (3,600) gallons of solution containing isotopes of Am and Cm are currently stored in F-Canyon Tank 17.1. These isotopes were recovered during plutonium-242 production campaigns in the mid- and late-1970s. Experimental work for the project began in 1995 by the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC). Details of the process are given in the various sections of this document.

Witt, D.C.

1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

233

CRAD, Facility Safety - Nuclear Facility Safety Basis | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CRAD, Facility Safety - Nuclear Facility Safety Basis CRAD, Facility Safety - Nuclear Facility Safety Basis CRAD, Facility Safety - Nuclear Facility Safety Basis A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) that can be used for assessment of a contractor's Nuclear Facility Safety Basis. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Facility Safety - Nuclear Facility Safety Basis More Documents & Publications CRAD, Facility Safety - Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements Site Visit Report, Livermore Site Office - February 2011 FAQS Job Task Analyses - Nuclear Safety Specialist

234

CRAD, Safety Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Safety Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Safety Basis portion of an Operational Readiness Review at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Safety Basis - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization,

235

Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J. Steigmann1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J author to receive correspondence (steigman@me.berkeley.edu) Abstract: The problem of plastic spin is phrased in terms of a notion of mechanical equivalence among local relaxed configurations of an elastic/plastic

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

236

-Betti numbers of locally compact groups and their cross section equivalence relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L2 -Betti numbers of locally compact groups and their cross section equivalence relations by David Mathematical Society. Abstract We prove that the L2 -Betti numbers of a unimodular locally compact group G coincide, up to a natural scaling constant, with the L2 -Betti numbers of the countable equivalence

Vaes, Stefaan

237

Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner heliosphere using a significant radiation hazard for manned and unmanned interplanetary (IP) space missions. In order to estimate intensities, event fluences, and radiation dose equivalents of 27颅31 May 2003 SEP events at eight different

Pringle, James "Jamie"

238

On the Complexity of Semantic Equivalences for Pushdown Automata and BPA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Complexity of Semantic Equivalences for Pushdown Automata and BPA Anton??锟絥 Ku鸥cera ?1 of comparing pushdown automata (PDA) and context颅free processes (BPA) to finite颅state systems, w.r.t. strong simulation preorder (and hence simulation equivalence) is EXPTIME颅complete between PDA/BPA and finite

?ayr, Richard

239

Chemiluminescence-based multivariate sensing of local equivalence ratios in premixed atmospheric methane-air flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chemiluminescence emissions from OH*, CH*, C2, and CO2 formed within the reaction zone of premixed flames depend upon the fuel-air equivalence ratio in the burning mixture. In the present paper, a new partial least square regression (PLS-R) based multivariate sensing methodology is investigated and compared with an OH*/CH* intensity ratio-based calibration model for sensing equivalence ratio in atmospheric methane-air premixed flames. Five replications of spectral data at nine different equivalence ratios ranging from 0.73 to 1.48 were used in the calibration of both models. During model development, the PLS-R model was initially validated with the calibration data set using the leave-one-out cross validation technique. Since the PLS-R model used the entire raw spectral intensities, it did not need the nonlinear background subtraction of CO2 emission that is required for typical OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibrations. An unbiased spectral data set (not used in the PLS-R model development), for 28 different equivalence ratio conditions ranging from 0.71 to 1.67, was used to predict equivalence ratios using the PLS-R and the intensity ratio calibration models. It was found that the equivalence ratios predicted with the PLS-R based multivariate calibration model matched the experimentally measured equivalence ratios within 7%; whereas, the OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibration grossly underpredicted equivalence ratios in comparison to measured equivalence ratios, especially under rich conditions ( > 1.2). The practical implications of the chemiluminescence-based multivariate equivalence ratio sensing methodology are also discussed.

Tripathi, Markandey M.; Krishnan, Sundar R.; Srinivasan, Kalyan K.; Yueh, Fang-Yu; Singh, Jagdish P.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Microsoft Word - Final_SRS_FTF_WD_Basis_March_2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2-001 2-001 Revision 0 Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Closure of F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site March 2012 Basis for Section 3116 Determination DOE/SRS-WD-2012-001 for Closure of F-Tank Farm Revision 0 at the Savannah River Site March 2012 Page ii REVISION SUMMARY REV. # DESCRIPTION DATE OF ISSUE 0 Initial Issue March 2012 Basis for Section 3116 Determination DOE/SRS-WD-2012-001 for Closure of F-Tank Farm Revision 0 at the Savannah River Site March 2012 Page iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page REVISION SUMMARY ................................................................................................................................. ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ vi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Package Equivalent Reactor Networks as Reduced Order Models for Use with CAPE-OPEN Compliant Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Engineering simulations of coal gasifiers are typically performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, where a 3-D representation of the gasifier equipment is used to model the fluid flow in the gasifier and source terms from the coal gasification process are captured using discrete-phase model source terms. Simulations using this approach can be very time consuming, making it difficult to imbed such models into overall system simulations for plant design and optimization. For such system-level designs, process flowsheet software is typically used, such as Aspen Plus [1], where each component where each component is modeled using a reduced-order model. For advanced power-generation systems, such as integrated gasifier/gas-turbine combined-cycle systems (IGCC), the critical components determining overall process efficiency and emissions are usually the gasifier and combustor. Providing more accurate and more computationally efficient reduced-order models for these components, then, enables much more effective plant-level design optimization and design for control. Based on the CHEMKIN-PRO and ENERGICO software, we have developed an automated methodology for generating an advanced form of reduced-order model for gasifiers and combustors. The reducedorder model offers representation of key unit operations in flowsheet simulations, while allowing simulation that is fast enough to be used in iterative flowsheet calculations. Using high-fidelity fluiddynamics models as input, Reaction Design抯 ENERGICO [2] software can automatically extract equivalent reactor networks (ERNs) from a CFD solution. For the advanced reduced-order concept, we introduce into the ERN a much more detailed kinetics model than can be included practically in the CFD simulation. The state-of-the-art chemistry solver technology within CHEMKIN-PRO allows that to be accomplished while still maintaining a very fast model turn-around time. In this way, the ERN becomes the basis for high-fidelity kinetics simulation, while maintaining the spatial information derived from the geometrically faithful CFD model. The reduced-order models are generated in such a way that they can be easily imported into a process flowsheet simulator, using the CAPE-OPEN architecture for unit operations. The ENERGICO/CHEMKIN-PRO software produces an ERN-definition file that is read by a dynamically linked library (DLL) that can be easily linked to any CAPE-OPEN compliant software. The plug-in unitoperation module has been successfully demonstrated for complex ERNs of coal gasifiers, using both Aspen Plus and COFE process flowsheet simulators through this published CAPE-OPEN interface.

Meeks, E.; Chou, C. -P.; Garratt, T.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

Development of Guidance for Analysis of Beyond Design Basis Events |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Development of Guidance for Analysis of Beyond Design Basis Events Development of Guidance for Analysis of Beyond Design Basis Events Development of Guidance for Analysis of Beyond Design Basis Events Wednesday, September 19 Presenter: Dr. James O'Brien, Director, Office of Nuclear Safety, Office of Health, Safety and Security, US Department of Energy Topics covered: Types of DOE Facilities 鈼 Research Reactors; 鈼 Weapons disassembly, maintenance, and testing facilities; 鈼 Nuclear material storage facilities; 鈼 Processing facilities; and waste disposal facilities. Safety Analysis Framework 鈼 DOE Nuclear Safety Policy 鈼 Nuclear Safety Rule 鈼 Nuclear Safety Analysis Standards 鈼 Documented Safety Analysis Guide Development of Guidance for Analysis of Beyond Design Basis Events More Documents & Publications DOE's Approach to Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis and Management

243

Technical Cost Modeling - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 -- Washington D.C. lm001das2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications Technical Cost Modeling - Life Cycle Analysis Basis for Program Focus Technical Cost Modeling - Life...

244

CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor February 2007 A section of Appendix C to DOE G...

245

The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge Ralph Adolphs California Institute of Technology FurtherANNUAL REVIEWS #12;Contents KNOWLEDGE OF MINDS . . . . . . . . . 694 Comparative Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694 Knowledge of the Minds of Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694 Knowledge

Dickerson, Brad

246

Brueckner calculations in harmonic-oscillator basis I. The method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of solving the reaction matrix equation in harmonic-oscillator basis is studied. A general approximation of the Pauli operator, diagonal with respect to the centre-of-mass quantum numbers, is deriv...

J. Blank

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Engineering Design and Safety Basis Inspection Criteria, Inspection...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the Engineering Design and Safety Basis Inspection Criteria, Inspection Activities, and Lines of Inquiry for internal use, which we are also making available on the Office of ES&H...

248

,"Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_smt_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_smt_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

249

,"Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sks_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sks_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

250

,"Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sal_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sal_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

251

,"California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sca_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sca_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

252

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sok_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sok_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

253

,"Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_soh_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_soh_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

254

,"Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sut_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sut_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

255

,"Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sak_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sak_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

256

,"Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sin_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sin_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

257

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Development of Attribute Preserving Network Equivalents - Tom Overbye  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Network Equivalents Thomas J. Overbye Fox Family Professor of Electrical and Computer Eng. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign overbye@illinois.edu Graduate Students Wonhyeok Jang (wjang7@illinois.edu) Saurav Mohapatra (smohapa2@illinois.edu) August 7-8, 2012 CERTS Meeting Overview 飪 Objective - develop attribute preserving power system network equivalents - preserve the essence of a model for some purpose 飪 Desirable properties include... - Economic analysis of electric power systems including transfer capacity - Transient stability response - LMP characteristics - Application Dependent!! 飪 Present focus is on developing equivalents that preserve the line limits of the original system 2 Applications of Previous Work

258

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sla_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sla_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

259

,"Nebraska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sne_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sne_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

260

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_spa_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_spa_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_ssd_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_ssd_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

262

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_swy_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_swy_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

263

Dyson summation without violating Ward identities and the Goldstone-boson equivalence theorem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In contrast with the conventional treatment of gauge theories, in the background-field method the Ward identities for connected Green functions are not violated by Dyson summation of self-energies in finite orders of perturbation theory. Thus, Dyson summation does not spoil gauge cancellations at high energies which are ruled by the Goldstone-boson equivalence theorem. Moreover, in the background-field method the precise formulation of the equivalence theorem in higher orders (including questions of renormalization) is simplified rendering actual calculations easier. Finally, the equivalence theorem is also formulated for the standard model with a nonlinearly realized scalar sector and for the gauged nonlinear ? model.

Ansgar Denner and Stefan Dittmaier

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

,"Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_smi_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_smi_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

265

,"Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sfl_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sfl_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

266

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sms_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sms_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

267

,"Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_stx_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_stx_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

268

Spanish Translation of the Children's Hope Scale Using Quantitative Methods for Verifying Semantic Equivalence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract The purpose of this study was to translate the Children's Hope Scale (CHS) from English to Spanish using quantitative methods in order to verify semantic equivalence of the adapted measure. The study utilized bilingual, English and Spanish...

Frehe-Torres, Victoria Elena

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

269

Ways to calculate electric fields in traction electric motor insulation by equivalent charge method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A procedure permitting one to calculate the electric fields in multilayer insulation based on the equivalent charge method is presented. Consideration of the new algorithm shows its fast response and proper ac...

A. V. Kireev; A. Yu. Bakhvalov; S. Yu. Knyazev

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Isopach map of black shale in the Perrysburg FM. (and equivalent section) (from well sample studies)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A map of western New York State and Lake Erie was prepared containing information on black shale deposits in the Perrysburg FM. (and equivalent section) from well sample studies. (DC)

Kamakaris, D.G.; Van Tyne, A.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The Solar Neutrino Problem in the Light of a Violation of the Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have found that long-wavelength neutrino oscillations induced by a tiny breakdown of the weak equivalence principle of general relativity can provide a viable solution to the solar neutrino problem.

A. M. Gago; H. Nunokawa; R. Zukanovich Funchal

2000-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

272

Toxic congener-specific analysis of PCBs: assessment of toxicity in equivalents of TCDD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High resolution capillary gas chromatographic analysis of the polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) present in snapping turtle eggs, provided quantitative data on selected toxic congeners. The concentrations of these congeners have been converted into equivalent toxic concentrations of 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-p-dibenzodioxin (TCDD). The toxic equivalent factors (TEFs), necessary to effect this transformation were derived from EC/sub 50/ values (half the concentration of the toxic congener required to produce the maximum effect) for aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) induction associated with the corresponding toxic PCB congener or isomer. Summation of the resulting toxic equivalents provided a composite assessment of the toxicity of the PCB mixture in terms of an equivalent concentration of TCDD.

Olafsson, P.G.; Bryan, A.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Understanding fractional equivalence and the differentiated effects on operations with fractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study compared two representations for teaching fraction equivalence. It traced the implications of both representations on the student?s comprehension of fractions as well as their ability to perform operations with fractions...

Naiser, Emilie Ann

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

274

A note on the equivalence principle applicability to the general theory of relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we are talking about the equivalence of Einsteinian gravitational equations solutions to relativist accelerated frames. It was established that there is a uniformly accelerated frame. Such a frame is deformed as an acceleration result, but it is a stiff frame according to Born, i.e. its metric tensor does not depend on time. The frame is pseudo-Riemannian. It was proved that an uniformly accelerated frame is locally equivalent to the relevant solution of Einstein's gravitational equation.

V. B. Morozov

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

275

An Equivalent Network for Load-Flow Analysis of Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EQUIVALENT NETWORK FOR LOAD-FLOW ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEMS A Thesis by Meri on L. Johnson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partihl fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1960 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering AN EQUIVALENT NETWORK FOR LOAD-FLOW ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEMS A Thesis By Merion L. Johnson Approv as to style a d content by (Chairman of Co ittee ) (Head of Department...

Johnson, Merion Luke

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Numerical atomic basis orbitals from H to Kr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a systematic study for numerical atomic basis orbitals ranging from H to Kr, which could be used in large scale O(N) electronic structure calculations based on density-functional theories (DFT). The comprehensive investigation of convergence properties with respect to our primitive basis orbitals provides a practical guideline in an optimum choice of basis sets for each element, which well balances the computational efficiency and accuracy. Moreover, starting from the primitive basis orbitals, a simple and practical method for variationally optimizing basis orbitals is presented based on the force theorem, which enables us to maximize both the computational efficiency and accuracy. The optimized orbitals well reproduce convergent results calculated by a larger number of primitive orbitals. As illustrations of the orbital optimization, we demonstrate two examples: the geometry optimization coupled with the orbital optimization of a C60 molecule and the preorbital optimization for a specific group such as proteins. They clearly show that the optimized orbitals significantly reduce the computational efforts, while keeping a high degree of accuracy, thus indicating that the optimized orbitals are quite suitable for large scale DFT calculations.

T. Ozaki and H. Kino

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

277

BASIS: Backscattering Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Backscattering Spectrometer Backscattering Spectrometer View inside the BAIS tank View inside the BASIS tank. BASIS is a near-backscattering, crystal-analyzer spectrometer that provides very fine energy resolution, as low as 3.0 to 3.5 碌eV at the elastic peak (depending on sample size). This requires a long initial guide section of 84 m from moderator to sample in order to achieve the timing resolution necessary for obtaining the desired energy resolution. BASIS provides an excellent dynamic range near the elastic peak of about plus and minus 100 碌eV in the standard high-intensity operation regime, which, if needed, could be extended to plus and minus 200 碌eV and beyond. The spectrometer is optimized for quasielastic scattering but provides about 0.1% resolution in energy transfers up to ~40 meV; the inelastic excitations need to be

278

CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reactor Contractor ORR Reactor Contractor ORR CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR February 2007 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2007 assessment of the Safety Basis portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR More Documents & Publications CRAD, Engineering - Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor

279

Resilient Control Systems Practical Metrics Basis for Defining Mission Impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

"Resilience describes how systems operate at an acceptable level of normalcy despite disturbances or threats. In this paper we first consider the cognitive, cyber-physical interdependencies inherent in critical infrastructure systems and how resilience differs from reliability to mitigate these risks. Terminology and metrics basis are provided to integrate the cognitive, cyber-physical aspects that should be considered when defining solutions for resilience. A practical approach is taken to roll this metrics basis up to system integrity and business case metrics that establish 損roper operation and 搃mpact. A notional chemical processing plant is the use case for demonstrating how the system integrity metrics can be applied to establish performance, and

Craig G. Rieger

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

On the equivalence of Clauser-Horne and Eberhard inequality based tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, the results of the first experimental test for entangled photons closing the detection loophole (also referred to as the fair sampling loophole) were published (Vienna, 2013). From the theoretical viewpoint the main distinguishing feature of this long-aspired experiment was that the Eberhard inequality was used. Almost simultaneously another experiment closing this loophole was performed (Urbana-Champaign, 2013) and it was based on the Clauser-Horne inequality (for probabilities). The aim of this note is to analyze the mathematical and experimental equivalence of tests based on the Eberhard inequality and various forms on the Clauser-Horne inequality. The structure of the mathematical equivalence is nontrivial. In particular, it is necessary to distinguish between algebraic and statistical equivalence. Although the tests based on these inequalities are algebraically equivalent, they need not be equivalent statistically, i.e., theoretically the level of statistical significance can drop under transition from one test to another (at least for finite samples). Nevertheless, the data collected in the Vienna-test implies not only a statistically significant violation of the Eberhard inequality, but also of the Clauser-Horne inequality (in the ratio-rate form): for both a violation $>60\\sigma.$

Andrei Khrennikov; Sven Ramelow; Rupert Ursin; Bernhard Wittmann; Johannes Kofler; Irina Basieva

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cognitively Ergonomic Route A Potential Basis for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions A Potential Basis for the OpenLS Navigation Service? Stefan Hansen, Alexander Klippel, Kai-Florian Richter Overview Background Aspect of cognitively ergonomic Ontologies and cognitive modelling (cognitive engineering) Aspects of Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions

Klippel, Alexander

282

Neural Networks and Radial Basis Functions 1. Neural network theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural Networks and Radial Basis Functions 1. Neural network theory 1. Since artificial computational solutions to problems in intelligence 2. Neural network theory has held that promise. Existence, psychology, engineering, mathematics 3. A basic component of many neural nets: feed-forward neural networks

Kon, Mark

283

Breeder Spent Fuel Handling Program multipurpose cask design basis document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Breeder Spent Fuel Handling (BSFH) Program multipurpose cask Design Basis Document defines the performance requirements essential to the development of a legal weight truck cask to transport FFTF spent fuel from reactor to a reprocessing facility and the resultant High Level Waste (HLW) to a repository. 1 ref.

Duckett, A.J.; Sorenson, K.B.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

EOS/AMSR RAINFALL Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensors. Is such a way, it will be possible to extend AMSR rainfall climatologies backward to 1987 using and reasonably constant reflectivity of the ocean background enables approaches that are simply not possible possible. #12;AMSR RAIN 2 2 . 0 BACKGROUND INFORMATION 2 . 1 PHYSICAL BASIS The application of the theory

Waliser, Duane E.

285

Acceleration of Gaussian Radial Basis Function Networks for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Note that for a given net the system of lists has to be calculated only once. To evaluate the function) be de ned on some input space X. In most applications the basis functions ai(d) are almost zero for most to be equal to zero, if ai(d) is below a threshhold T and to evaluateonlyneurons with non-zero activity

Behnke, Sven

286

Learning Active Basis Model for Object Detection and Recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article proposes an active basis model, a shared sketch algorithm, and a computational architecture of sum-max maps for representing, learning, and recognizing deformable templates. In our generative model, a deformable template is in the form of ... Keywords: Deformable template, Generative model, Shared sketch algorithm, Sum maps and max maps, Wavelet sparse coding

Ying Nian Wu; Zhangzhang Si; Haifeng Gong; Song-Chun Zhu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

AMSR-E Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document: Sea Ice Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Arctic perennial ice regions, and the ice temperature is produced from an algorithm similar to the Nimbus1 AMSR-E Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document: Sea Ice Products Thorsten Markus and Donald J 20771 1. Overview The AMSR-E sea ice standard level 3 products include sea ice concentration, sea ice

Waliser, Duane E.

288

Smith Normal Form a possible basis for an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smith Normal Form 颅 a possible basis for an SVD 颅 like code construction? (Semester Project I) Name.7 The Smith Normal Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Detailed treatment of the possibilities to use Smith's Normal Form for coding 14 3.1 Introduction

Henkel, Werner

289

Mechanistic basis of infertility of mouse intersubspecific hybrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanistic basis of infertility of mouse intersubspecific hybrids Tanmoy Bhattacharyyaa , Sona to the Dobzhansky颅Muller model, hybrid sterility is a consequence of the independent evolution of related taxa result- ing in incompatible genomic interactions of their hybrids. The model implies

Dean, Matthew D.

290

Solano and Yolo County Agriculture Current Basis for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solano and Yolo County Agriculture Current Basis for Planning for the Future November 16, 2011 路 Agricultural profiles of Yolo County and Solano Counties 颅 Trends and anticipated changes in land use and production 颅 What counties can do to support agriculture in Solano and Yolo Counties 路 Climate Change

California at Davis, University of

291

Microsoft Word - LS-324 - Equivalent Circuit Model & Power Calculations - DRAFT.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT MODEL AND POWER CALCULATIONS EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT MODEL AND POWER CALCULATIONS FOR THE APS SPX CRAB CAVITIES T. Berenc 1/26/2011 Abstract An equivalent parallel resistor-inductor-capacitor (RLC) circuit with beam loading for a polarized TM 110 dipole-mode cavity is developed and minimum radio- frequency (rf) generator requirements are calculated for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) short-pulse x-ray (SPX) superconducting rf (SRF) crab cavities. INTRODUCTION The polarized TM 110 dipole-mode loss parameter is defined as [1]: U y V Q y R q U y k Z r loss 4 ) ( 2 ) ( ) ( 2 ) 1 ( 2 飥 飥 飥 飦 飦 , (1) where ) ( ) 1 ( y R is the shunt resistance of the dipole-mode transverse wake impedance, U loss is the energy lost to the dipole-mode by charge q with vertical offset y, Q is the loaded quality factor of the cavity, and

292

Effective dose equivalent to the operator in intra-oral dental radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effective dose equivalent to the operator in intra-oral dental radiography has been determined. The exposure from a bitewing radiograph and periapical views of the left maxillary incisors and first molar was measured at nine heights and 16 positions, all 1 m from the patient. The effective dose equivalent was determined using data from ICRP 51 (International Commission on Radiological Protection: Data for Use in Protection Against External Radiation). The values presented are related to an exposure of 1 C kg-1 (3876 R) measured free in air at the tube-end. They thus constitute ratios which are not influenced by the sensitivity of the film or other detector used and form standard tables which permit the calculation of the effective dose equivalent in clinical situations.

de Haan, R.A.; van Aken, J. (Utrecht Univ., (The Netherlands))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

An eigen-based high-order expansion basis for structured spectral ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 26, 2011 ... The new basis exhibits a numerical efficiency significantly supe- ..... basis functions in one dimension, which constitute the building components ...... [25] S.J. Sherwin, M. Casarin, Low-energy basis preconditioning for elliptic...

X. Zheng

2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

294

Equivalence between squeezed-state and twin-beam communication channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show the equivalence between two different communication schemes that employ a couple of modes of the electromagnetic field. One scheme uses unconventional heterodyne detection, with correlated signal and image-band modes in a twin-beam state from parametric downconversion. The other scheme is realized through a complex-number coding over quadrature-squeezed states of two uncorrelated modes, each detected by ordinary homodyning. This equivalence concerns all the stages of the communication channel: the encoded state, the optimal amplifier for the channel, the master equation modeling the loss, and the output measurement scheme. The unitary transformation that connects the two communication schemes is realized by a frequency conversion device.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Massimiliano Sacchi

1997-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

295

On the electromagnetic constitutive laws that are equivalent to spacetime metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The raising of both indices in the components of the Minkowski electromagnetic field strength 2-form to give the components of the electromagnetic excitation bivector field can be regarded as being equivalent to an electromagnetic constitutive law, as well as being defined by the components of the spacetime metric. This notion is clarified, and the nature of the equivalent dielectric tensors and magnetic permeability tensors that are defined by some common spacetime metrics is discussed. The relationship of the basic construction to effective metrics is discussed, and, in particular, the fact that this effective metric is more general than the Gordon metric.

D. H. Delphenich

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

296

Status of MICROSCOPE, a mission to test the Equivalence Principle in space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICROSCOPE is a French Space Agency mission that aims to test the Weak Equivalence Principle in space down to an accuracy of $10^{-15}$. This is two orders of magnitude better than the current constraints, which will allow us to test General Relativity as well as theories beyond General Relativity which predict a possible Weak Equivalence Principle violation below $10^{-13}$. In this communication, we describe the MICROSCOPE mission, its measurement principle and instrument, and we give an update on its status. After a successful instrument's commissioning, MICROSCOPE is on track for on-schedule launch, expected in 2016.

Berg, Joel; Rodrigues, Manuel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Technical Basis for DOE Policy 420.1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HS-0006 HS-0006 TECHNICAL BASIS FOR U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY POLICY, DOE POLICY 420.1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEALTH, SAFETY AND SECURITY OFFICE OF NUCLEAR SAFETY JULY 2011 i Executive Summary This document provides the technical basis for the Department of Energy (DOE) Policy (P) 420.1, Nuclear Safety Policy, dated 2-8-2011. It includes an analysis of the revised Policy to determine whether it provides the necessary and sufficient high-level expectations that will lead DOE to establish and implement appropriate requirements to assure protection of the public, workers, and the environment from the hazards of DOE's operation of nuclear facilities. In developing the revised Policy and performing this analysis, DOE reviewed the current Nuclear

298

Biological Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Basis for Radiation Adaptive Responses that Protect Against Bronchial Epithelial Cell Transformation Wenshu Chen Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute Abstract The major hypothesis in this project is that low-dose, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) radiation stimulates an adaptive response that protects cells from neoplastic transformation involving modulation of paracrine factors (e.g., cytokines), cell survival/death signaling pathways, and reprogramming of the epigenome. To test this hypothesis, a validated, sensitive in vitro transformation model and a media transfer method were used to study the mechanisms of low-LET gamma radiation activated natural protection (ANP) against chemical carcinogen-induced bronchial cell transformation. Immortalized human bronchial epithelial cell

299

Preparation of Safety Basis Documents for Transuranic (TRU) Waste Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5506-2007 5506-2007 April 2007 DOE STANDARD Preparation of Safety Basis Documents for Transuranic (TRU) Waste Facilities U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 AREA-SAFT DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-5506-2007 ii Available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at Http://tis.eh.doe.gov/techstds/ DOE-STD-5506-2007 iii Foreword This Standard provides analytical assumptions and methods, as well as hazard controls to be used when developing Safety Basis (SB) documents for transuranic (TRU) waste facilities in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Complex. It also provides supplemental technical

300

Interim Safety Basis for Fuel Supply Shutdown Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This ISB, in conjunction with the IOSR, provides the required basis for interim operation or restrictions on interim operations and administrative controls for the facility until a SAR is prepared in accordance with the new requirements or the facility is shut down. It is concluded that the risks associated with tha current and anticipated mode of the facility, uranium disposition, clean up, and transition activities required for permanent closure, are within risk guidelines.

BENECKE, M.W.

2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Basis functions for electronic structure calculations on spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a new basis function (the spherical gaussian) for electronic structure calculations on spheres of any dimension $D$. We find \\alert{general} expressions for the one- and two-electron integrals and propose an efficient computational algorithm incorporating the Cauchy-Schwarz bound. Using numerical calculations for the $D = 2$ case, we show that spherical gaussians are more efficient than spherical harmonics when the electrons are strongly localized.

Gill, Peter M W; Agboola, Davids

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

NOTE Communicated by Terrence Sejnowski Mathematical Equivalence of Two Common Forms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of model may be better interpreted as a low-pass-filtered firing rate, and we point out a conductanceNOTE Communicated by Terrence Sejnowski Mathematical Equivalence of Two Common Forms of Firing Rate Fumarola fumarola@phys.columbia.edu Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, U

Columbia University

303

2006 29 1 A physics-based equivalent circuit model for LTCC Helical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006 29 1 601 Abstract A physics-based equivalent circuit model for LTCC Helical type Inductors, C, , . Film Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) . LTCC of Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic Helical Inductors Keun Heo, Juhwan Lim, Sungwoo Hwang Dept

Hwang, Sung Woo

304

Trophic transfer of biodiversity effects: functional equivalence of prey diversity and enrichment?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trophic transfer of biodiversity effects: functional equivalence of prey diversity and enrichment-Martinsried, Germany 2 European Institute for Marine Studies, Place Nicolas Copernic, Technopo^ le Brest-Iroise, 29280 Keywords Biodiversity, carbon-to-phosphorus ratio, chlorophytes, Daphnia magna, enrichment, light intensity

Boyer, Edmond

305

Every invertible matrix is diagonally equivalent to a matrix with distinct eigenvalues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every invertible matrix is diagonally equivalent to a matrix with distinct eigenvalues Man-Duen Choi , Zejun Huang , Chi-Kwong Li , and Nung-Sing Sze搂 Abstract We show that for every invertible n?n complex matrix A there is an n?n diagonal invertible D such that AD has distinct eigenvalues. Using

Li, Chi-Kwong

306

Evaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects. This load representation allows designers to follow a relatively simple static analysis procedureEvaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 1 Professor of Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, kareem@nd.edu ABSTRACT Wind loads

Kareem, Ahsan

307

Replacement tissue-equivalent proportional counter for the International Space Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION ACTIVE DOSEMETER The tissue-equivalent...here is to divide the cathode (spherical shell) into...showed that dividing the cathode into nine rings, spaced...spherical detector. The cathode structure consists of...H.S. | Biomimetic Materials Body Burden Cosmic Radiation......

D. Perez-Nunez; L. A. Braby

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Creating dynamic equivalent PV circuit models with impedance spectroscopy for arc-fault modeling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Article 690.11 in the 2011 National Electrical Code{reg_sign} (NEC{reg_sign}) requires new photovoltaic (PV) systems on or penetrating a building to include a listed arc fault protection device. Currently there is little experimental or empirical research into the behavior of the arcing frequencies through PV components despite the potential for modules and other PV components to filter or attenuate arcing signatures that could render the arc detector ineffective. To model AC arcing signal propagation along PV strings, the well-studied DC diode models were found to inadequately capture the behavior of high frequency arcing signals. Instead dynamic equivalent circuit models of PV modules were required to describe the impedance for alternating currents in modules. The nonlinearities present in PV cells resulting from irradiance, temperature, frequency, and bias voltage variations make modeling these systems challenging. Linearized dynamic equivalent circuits were created for multiple PV module manufacturers and module technologies. The equivalent resistances and capacitances for the modules were determined using impedance spectroscopy with no bias voltage and no irradiance. The equivalent circuit model was employed to evaluate modules having irradiance conditions that could not be measured directly with the instrumentation. Although there was a wide range of circuit component values, the complex impedance model does not predict filtering of arc fault frequencies in PV strings for any irradiance level. Experimental results with no irradiance agree with the model and show nearly no attenuation for 1 Hz to 100 kHz input frequencies.

Johnson, Jay Dean; Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Strauch, Jason E.; Schoenwald, David Alan

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Equivalence Checking between Function Block Diagrams and C Programs Using HW-CBMC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(RPS) in Korea. Our approach is effective to check equivalence between FBDs and ANSI-C programs: Equivanelce Checking, Behavioral Consistency, FBDs, Ver- ilog, ANSI-C, HW-CBMC. 1 Introduction Controllers Heidelberg 2011 #12;398 D.-A. Lee, J. Yoo, and J.-S. Lee FBDs program into ANSI-C program to compile

310

Equivalent isotropic scattering formulation for transient short-pulse radiative transfer in anisotropic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the transient short-pulse radiation transport through forward and backward anisotropic scattering planar media time-resolved transmittance.13颅15 The complete transient radiative transfer equation has been conEquivalent isotropic scattering formulation for transient short-pulse radiative transfer

Guo, Zhixiong "James"

311

JOHN D. NORTON HOW THE FORMAL EQUIVALENCE OF GRUE AND GREEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOHN D. NORTON HOW THE FORMAL EQUIVALENCE OF GRUE AND GREEN DEFEATS WHAT IS NEW IN THE NEW RIDDLE. That meta- argument depends on the perfect symmetry of the definitions of grue/bleen and green/blue, so this venerable tradition of criticism when he noted that our history of observation of green emeralds does

312

"giant faults" does not lead to total failure, because the displacement equivalent to the fault  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"giant faults" does not lead to total failure, because the displacement equivalent to the fault changes in physical properties by cold working seen in Fig. 1 are attributed to this accumulated nanoscale as supporting material on Science Online. 5. T. W. Duerig, A. R. Pelton, in Materials Properties Handbook

Rubloff, Gary W.

313

Biological equivalent dose studies for dose escalation in the stereotactic synchrotron radiation therapy clinical trials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF . To estimate the possible risks, the doses receivedBiological equivalent dose studies for dose escalation in the stereotactic synchrotron radiation technique a radiation dose enhancement specific to the tumor is obtained. The tumor is loaded with a high

Boyer, Edmond

314

Detailed measurements of equivalence ratio modulations in premixed flames using laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- stabilities observed in modern lean premixed combustion systems. The present work intends to investigate and hydrocarbon infrared absorption respectively, are employed to give insight into the spatial and temporal- imental data and compare the relative effects of velocity and equivalence ratio perturbations. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

315

Equivalence between the fundamental equations of elasticity and conductivity in a magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Darcy's laws, a new fundamental law for scalar elasticity...of elasticity, the fundamental laws of bodies in equilibrium...non-diagonal terms does not give the convergence...in this specific case does the critical exponent...Equivalence between fundamental equations 2117 Hill...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Using hydraulic equivalences to discriminate transport processes1 of volcanic flows1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico, to distinguish the various modes of transport at play in their genesis. Using the concept11, 1987). Despite the ubiquity of25 such deposits, we only have a crude understanding of their genesis Toluca Volcano, Mexico (Fig. 1).34 HYDRAULIC EQUIVALENCES35 Models of volcanic flows invoke several

Boyer, Edmond

317

Effects of fuel type and equivalence ratios on the flickering of triple flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted in axisymmetric, co-flowing triple flames with different equivalence ratios of the inner and outer reactant streams (2<{phi}{sub in}<3 and 0{<=}{phi}{sub out}<0.7). Different fuel combinations, like propane/propane, propane/methane or methane/methane in the inner and outer streams respectively, have been used in the experiments. The structures of the triple flames have been compared for the different fuel combinations and equivalence ratios. The conditions under which triple flames exhibit oscillation have been identified. During the oscillation, the non-premixed flame and the outer lean premixed flame flicker strongly, while the inner rich premixed flame remains more or less stable. The flickering frequency has been evaluated through image processing and fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the average pixel intensity of the image frames. It is observed that, for all the fuel combinations, the frequency decreases with the increase in the outer equivalence ratio, while it is relatively invariant with the change in the inner equivalence ratio. However, an increase in the inner equivalence ratio affects the structure of the flame by increasing the heights of the inner premixed flame and non-premixed flame and also enlarges the yellow soot-laden zone at the tip of the inner flame. A scaling analysis of the oscillating flames has been performed based on the measured parameters, which show a variation of Strouhal number (St) with Richardson number (Ri) as St {proportional_to} Ri{sup 0.5}. The fuel type is found to have no influence on this correlation. (author)

Sahu, K.B.; Kundu, A.; Ganguly, R.; Datta, A. [Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700098 (India)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: Development of Attribute Preserving Network Equivalents - Tom Overbye  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Network Equivalents Network Equivalents Project Lead: Tom Overbye, Ray Klump Objective: The overall objective of the proposed work is to develop and demonstrate algorithms to construct equivalent system models that preserve desired attributes and behaviors of a large portion (or entire portion) on an interconnected electric power grid. An equivalent is a model of a system that consists of fewer nodes and branches than the corresponding full model. The purpose of an equivalent is to enable more efficient computer simulation of the system, without unduly sacrificing the accuracy of the simulation's results. Major Technical Accomplishments for This Year: As described in the proposal, this year we have focused on development of attribute preserving network equivalents. The

319

Basis for Contributions by New Members to Past Capital Expenditure - Draft Note by the UK Delegation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basis for Contributions by New Members to Past Capital Expenditure - Draft Note by the UK Delegation

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Tax LNG is taxed at a rate of 0.14 per gallon when used as a motor fuel. For taxation purposes, LNG is converted to its gasoline gallon equivalent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Microsoft PowerPoint - The ARPA-E Mission  

Energy Savers [EERE]

vehicles (NG is 1.50gallon of gas equivalent, gasoline 3.50gallon) * Conformable tanks with energy density CNG * Convenient, low-cost at-home refueling Approaches Approach...

322

Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The prices are displayed in gasoline-gallon equivalents (GGE) which equate the energy content of any motor fuel to that of a gallon of gasoline. The prices are collected...

323

Mr. John E. Kieling, Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

drums, 85-gallon drums, 100-gallon drums, Standard Waste Boxes, Standard Large Boxes, and Ten Drum Overpacks (TDOPs). The containers will be standard DOT Type 7A, or equivalent,...

324

A New Basis of Geoscience: Whole-Earth Decompression Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neither plate tectonics nor Earth expansion theory is sufficient to provide a basis for understanding geoscience. Each theory is incomplete and possesses problematic elements, but both have served as stepping stones to a more fundamental and inclusive geoscience theory that I call Whole-Earth Decompression Dynamics (WEDD). WEDD begins with and is the consequence of our planet's early formation as a Jupiter-like gas giant and permits deduction of:(1) Earth's internal composition, structure, and highly-reduced oxidation state; (2) Core formation without whole-planet melting; (3) Powerful new internal energy sources - proto-planetary energy of compression and georeactor nuclear fission energy; (4) Georeactor geomagnetic field generation; (5) Mechanism for heat emplacement at the base of the crust resulting in the crustal geothermal gradient; (6) Decompression driven geodynamics that accounts for the myriad of observations attributed to plate tectonics without requiring physically-impossible mantle convection, and; (7) A mechanism for fold-mountain formation that does not necessarily require plate collision. The latter obviates the necessity to assume supercontinent cycles. Here, I review the principles of Whole-Earth Decompression Dynamics and describe a new underlying basis for geoscience and geology.

J. Marvin Herndon

2013-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

325

Establishing an authorization basis for the Plutonium Finishing Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the summer of 1998, Hanford's Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) project prepared to restart its thermal stabilization process after 1(1/2)-yr suspension in operations. The facility had overcome a number of operational and safety problems, yet it had been unable to achieve appropriate update, approval, and implementation of an appropriate, current authorization basis. This problem threatened to prevent a timely restart, which, in turn, could have caused a loss in momentum and dampened enthusiasm within the facility. The authors describe the approach taken by B and W Hanford Company (BWHC) in conjunction with its partners, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office and Fluor Daniel Hanford Company (FDH), to establish a defensible authorization basis, which allowed the facility to resume its mission of stabilizing reactive plutonium materials. The approach incorporates methods used within the DOE complex for short-term activities and those undergoing deactivation and implements principles of integrated safety management (ISM), as described in ``Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board [(DNFSB)] Recommendation 95-2'' and related documents.

Roege, P.E.; Ramble, A.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Geodesic Deviation Equation in GR equivalent theory of $f(T)$ gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we show that it is possible to study the GR equivalent notion of geodesic deviation in $f(T)$ gravity, in spite of the fact that in teleparallel gravity there is no notion of geodesics, and the torsion is responsible for the appearance of gravitational interaction. In this regard, we obtain the GR equivalent of $f(T)$ gravity whose equations are in the modified gravity form such as $f(R)$ gravity. Then, we obtain the GDE within the context of this modified gravity. In this way, the obtained geodesic deviation equation will correspond to the $f(T)$ gravity. Eventually, we extend the calculations to obtain the modification of Matting relation.

Darabi, F; Atazadeh, K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Geodesic Deviation Equation in GR equivalent theory of $f(T)$ gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we show that it is possible to study the GR equivalent notion of geodesic deviation in $f(T)$ gravity, in spite of the fact that in teleparallel gravity there is no notion of geodesics, and the torsion is responsible for the appearance of gravitational interaction. In this regard, we obtain the GR equivalent of $f(T)$ gravity whose equations are in the modified gravity form such as $f(R)$ gravity. Then, we obtain the GDE within the context of this modified gravity. In this way, the obtained geodesic deviation equation will correspond to the $f(T)$ gravity. Eventually, we extend the calculations to obtain the modification of Matting relation.

F. Darabi; M. Mousavi; K. Atazadeh

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Un-equivalency Theorem between Deformed and undeformed Heisenberg-Weyl's Algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two fundamental issues about the relation between the deformed Heisenberg-Weyl algebra in noncommutative space and the undeformed one in commutative space are elucidated. First the un-equivalency theorem between two algebras is proved: the deformed algebra related to the undeformed one by a non-orthogonal similarity transformation is explored; furthermore, non-existence of a unitary similarity transformation which transforms the deformed algebra to the undeformed one is demonstrated. Secondly the uniqueness of realizing the deformed phase space variables via the undeformed ones is elucidated: both the deformed Heisenberg-Weyl algebra and the deformed bosonic algebra should be maintained under a linear transformation between two sets of phase space variables which fixes that such a linear transformation is unique. Elucidation of this un-equivalency theorem has basic meaning both in theory and experiment.

Jian-Zu Zhang

2006-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

Equivalent sets of coherent states of the 1D infinite square well and properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove the equivalence (under some conditions) of two sets of coherent states built for the one-dimensional infinite square well: the so-called generalized and Gaussian Klauder coherent states. We then derive an approximate close expression approaching their probability density and wave function to explore their properties analytically. This process gives thereby explanation of the quasi-classical behavior of these states in terms of the main observables and the Heisenberg uncertainty product

Marc-Antoine Fiset; V閞onique Hussin

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0

Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa

2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

331

Quantum Tests of the Einstein Equivalence Principle with the STE-QUEST Space Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present in detail the scientific objectives in fundamental physics of the Space-Time Explorer and QUantum Equivalence Space Test (STE-QUEST) space mission. STE-QUEST was pre-selected by the European Space Agency together with four other missions for the cosmic vision M3 launch opportunity planned around 2024. It carries out tests of different aspects of the Einstein Equivalence Principle using atomic clocks, matter wave interferometry and long distance time/frequency links, providing fascinating science at the interface between quantum mechanics and gravitation that cannot be achieved, at that level of precision, in ground experiments. We especially emphasize the specific strong interest of performing equivalence principle tests in the quantum regime, i.e. using quantum atomic wave interferometry. Although STE-QUEST was finally not selected in early 2014 because of budgetary and technological reasons, its science case was very highly rated. Our aim is to expose that science to a large audience in order to ...

Altschul, Brett; Blanchet, Luc; Bongs, Kai; Bouyer, Philippe; Cacciapuoti, Luigi; Capozziello, Salvatore; Gaaloul, Naceur; Giulini, Domenico; Hartwig, Jonas; Iess, Luciano; Jetzer, Philippe; Landragin, Arnaud; Rasel, Ernst; Reynaud, Serge; Schiller, Stephan; Schubert, Christian; Sorrentino, Fiodor; Sterr, Uwe; Tasson, Jay D; Tino, Guglielmo M; Tuckey, Philip; Wolf, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrdinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schr枚dinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential H. Bahlouli,* A. D. Alhaidari, and A. Al Zahrani Physics Department to provide an alternative, but equivalent, representation of plane electromagnetic em wave propagation

333

Improvement of the equivalent sphere model for better estimates of skin or eye dose in space radiation environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sphere Radiation transport a b s t r a c t It is often useful to get a quick estimate of the dose or dose drastically improves the accuracy of the estimates of dose and dose equivalent in space radiation environmentsImprovement of the equivalent sphere model for better estimates of skin or eye dose in space

Lin, Zi-wei

334

Equivalence of Glass Transition and Colloidal Glass Transition in the Hard-Sphere Limit Thomas K. Haxton,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalence of Glass Transition and Colloidal Glass Transition in the Hard-Sphere Limit Ning Xu,1 that the slowing of the dynamics in simulations of several model glass-forming liquids is equivalent to the hard-sphere glass transition in the low-pressure limit. In this limit, we find universal behavior of the relaxation

Weeks, Eric R.

335

Equivalent CPT Method for Calculating Shallow Foundation Settlements in the Piedmont Residual Soils Based on the DMT Constrained Modulus Approach.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalent CPT Method for Calculating Shallow Foundation Settlements in the Piedmont Residual Soils the Piedmont physiographic province, an equivalent method has been developed for the CPT to obtain constrained to the measured cone tip resistance (qc), particularly in fine sandy soils (e.g., M' = 2 qc). This too utililized

Mayne, Paul W.

336

Measurements of neutron dose equivalent for a proton therapy center using uniform scanning proton beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Neutron exposure is of concern in proton therapy, and varies with beam delivery technique, nozzle design, and treatment conditions. Uniform scanning is an emerging treatment technique in proton therapy, but neutron exposure for this technique has not been fully studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the neutron dose equivalent per therapeutic dose, H/D, under various treatment conditions for uniform scanning beams employed at our proton therapy center. Methods: Using a wide energy neutron dose equivalent detector (SWENDI-II, ThermoScientific, MA), the authors measured H/D at 50 cm lateral to the isocenter as a function of proton range, modulation width, beam scanning area, collimated field size, and snout position. They also studied the influence of other factors on neutron dose equivalent, such as aperture material, the presence of a compensator, and measurement locations. They measured H/D for various treatment sites using patient-specific treatment parameters. Finally, they compared H/D values for various beam delivery techniques at various facilities under similar conditions. Results: H/D increased rapidly with proton range and modulation width, varying from about 0.2 mSv/Gy for a 5 cm range and 2 cm modulation width beam to 2.7 mSv/Gy for a 30 cm range and 30 cm modulation width beam when 18 Multiplication-Sign 18 cm{sup 2} uniform scanning beams were used. H/D increased linearly with the beam scanning area, and decreased slowly with aperture size and snout retraction. The presence of a compensator reduced the H/D slightly compared with that without a compensator present. Aperture material and compensator material also have an influence on neutron dose equivalent, but the influence is relatively small. H/D varied from about 0.5 mSv/Gy for a brain tumor treatment to about 3.5 mSv/Gy for a pelvic case. Conclusions: This study presents H/D as a function of various treatment parameters for uniform scanning proton beams. For similar treatment conditions, the H/D value per uncollimated beam size for uniform scanning beams was slightly lower than that from a passive scattering beam and higher than that from a pencil beam scanning beam, within a factor of 2. Minimizing beam scanning area could effectively reduce neutron dose equivalent for uniform scanning beams, down to the level close to pencil beam scanning.

Zheng Yuanshui; Liu Yaxi; Zeidan, Omar; Schreuder, Andries Niek; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); INTEGRIS Cancer Insititute, 5911 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Measurement of neutron dose equivalent outside and inside of the treatment vault of GRID therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the neutron and photon dose equivalent rates at the treatment vault entrance (H{sub n,D} and H{sub G}), and to study the secondary radiation to the patient in GRID therapy. The radiation activation on the grid was studied.Methods: A Varian Clinac 23EX accelerator was working at 18 MV mode with a grid manufactured by .decimal, Inc. The H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} were measured using an Andersson朆raun neutron REM meter, and a Geiger M黮ler counter. The radiation activation on the grid was measured after the irradiation with an ion chamber ?-ray survey meter. The secondary radiation dose equivalent to patient was evaluated by etched track detectors and OSL detectors on a RANDO{sup 畗 phantom.Results: Within the measurement uncertainty, there is no significant difference between the H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} with and without a grid. However, the neutron dose equivalent to the patient with the grid is, on average, 35.3% lower than that without the grid when using the same field size and the same amount of monitor unit. The photon dose equivalent to the patient with the grid is, on average, 44.9% lower. The measured average half-life of the radiation activation in the grid is 12.0 (0.9) min. The activation can be categorized into a fast decay component and a slow decay component with half-lives of 3.4 (1.6) min and 15.3 (4.0) min, respectively. There was no detectable radioactive contamination found on the surface of the grid through a wipe test.Conclusions: This work indicates that there is no significant change of the H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} in GRID therapy, compared with a conventional external beam therapy. However, the neutron and scattered photon dose equivalent to the patient decrease dramatically with the grid and can be clinical irrelevant. Meanwhile, the users of a grid should be aware of the possible high dose to the radiation worker from the radiation activation on the surface of the grid. A delay in handling the grid after the beam delivery is suggested.

Wang, Xudong; Charlton, Michael A.; Esquivel, Carlos; Eng, Tony Y.; Li, Ying; Papanikolaou, Nikos [University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)] [University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Online Monitoring Technical Basis and Analysis Framework for Large Power  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Large for Large Power Transformers; Interim Report for FY 2012 Online Monitoring Technical Basis and Analysis Framework for Large Power Transformers; Interim Report for FY 2012 The Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program is a research, development, and deployment program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy. The program is operated in collaboration with the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) research and development efforts in the Long-Term Operations (LTO) Program. The LTO Program is managed as a separate technical program operating in the Plant Technology Department of the EPRI Nuclear Power Sector with the guidance of an industry advisory Integration Committee. Because both the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy and EPRI conduct research and development in technologies

339

Online Monitoring Technical Basis and Analysis Framework for Emergency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for for Emergency Diesel Generators-Interim Report for FY 2013 Online Monitoring Technical Basis and Analysis Framework for Emergency Diesel Generators-Interim Report for FY 2013 The Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program is a research, development, and deployment program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy. The program is operated in collaboration with the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) research and development efforts in the Long-Term Operations Program. The Long-Term Operations Program is managed as a separate technical program operating in the Plant Technology Department of the EPRI Nuclear Power Sector with the guidance of an industry advisory Integration Committee. Because both the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy and EPRI conduct research and development

340

Guidance For Preparatioon of Basis For Interim Operation (BIO) Documents  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3011-2002 3011-2002 December 2002 Superceding DOE-STD-3011-94 November 1994 DOE STANDARD GUIDANCE FOR PREPARATION OF BASIS FOR INTERIM OPERATION (BIO) DOCUMENTS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-3011-2002 ii This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161;

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Structural Basis of Response Regulator Dephosphorylation by Rap Phosphatases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bacterial Rap family proteins have been most extensively studied in Bacillus subtilis, where they regulate activities including sporulation, genetic competence, antibiotic expression, and the movement of the ICEBs1 transposon. One subset of Rap proteins consists of phosphatases that control B. subtilis and B. anthracis sporulation by dephosphorylating the response regulator Spo0F. The mechanistic basis of Rap phosphatase activity was unknown. Here we present the RapH-Spo0F X-ray crystal structure, which shows that Rap proteins consist of a 3-helix bundle and a tetratricopeptide repeat domain. Extensive biochemical and genetic functional studies reveal the importance of the observed RapH-Spo0F interactions, including the catalytic role of a glutamine in the RapH 3-helix bundle that inserts into the Spo0F active site. We show that in addition to dephosphorylating Spo0F, RapH can antagonize sporulation by sterically blocking phosphoryl transfer to and from Spo0F. Our structure-function analysis of the RapH-Spo0F interaction identified Rap protein residues critical for Spo0F phosphatase activity. This information enabled us to assign Spo0F phosphatase activity to a Rap protein based on sequence alone, which was not previously possible. Finally, as the ultimate test of our newfound understanding of the structural requirements for Rap phosphatase function, a non-phosphatase Rap protein that inhibits the binding of the response regulator ComA to DNA was rationally engineered to dephosphorylate Spo0F. In addition to revealing the mechanistic basis of response regulator dephosphorylation by Rap proteins, our studies support the previously proposed T-loop-Y allostery model of receiver domain regulation that restricts the aromatic 'switch' residue to an internal position when the {beta}4-{alpha}4 loop adopts an active-site proximal conformation.

V Parashar; N Mirouze; D Dubnau; M Neiditch

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at Hanford. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with 10 CFR 835, DOELAP, DOE-RL, ORP, PNSO, and Hanford contractor requirements. The dosimetry system is operated by PNNL抯 Hanford External Dosimetry Program (HEDP) which provides dosimetry services to all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee (HPDAC) which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. The first revision to be released through PNNL抯 Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture (ERICA) database was designated Revision 0. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

343

Microsoft Word - CR-091 Primary Basis of Cost Savings and Cost...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CR-091 Primary Basis of Cost Savings and Cost Savings Amount Custom Fields Primary Basis of Cost Savings and Cost Savings Amount Custom Fields Background On August 29 th , 2013 the...

344

All maps equivalent to a given map, completely positive or not  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A dynamical map is a map which takes one density operator to another. Such a map can be written in an operator-sum representation (OSR) using a spectral decomposition. The method of the construction applies to more general maps which need not be completely positive. The OSR not unique; there is a freedom to choose the set of operators in the OSR differently, yet still obtain the same map. Here we identify all maps which are equivalent to a given map. Whereas the freedom for completely positive maps is unitary, the freedom for maps which are not necessarily completely positive is pseudo-unitary.

Yong-Cheng Ou; Mark S. Byrd

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

345

Equivalent circuit study of beam-loading using a moment method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we present a formalism by considering the perturbations in the moments of a bunched beam for the equivalent circuit model to include all harmonics of the synchroton oscillation in a beam-cavity interaction system. The linear coupling among all longitudinal modes under the influence of narrow-band impedance can be naturally incorporated in this new approach. We used this method to re-examine the coupling between the dipole and the quadrupole modes. The dispersion relation obtained by this new method was compared with that derived from the linearized Vlasov equation up to the second harmonic of the synchrotron motion. We found excellent qualitative agreements between two approaches.

Wang, T.F. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Machida, S.; Mori, Y.; Ohmori, C. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Institute for Nuclear Study

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Figure 4. Comparison of NCRP 38 and Siebert and Schuhmacher quality factors. Table 2. PNNL dose equivalent averaged quality factors (Q). * Phantom Finger Wrist 30 cm ICRU sphere Composition PMMA PMMA Tissue-and-bone Tissue-and-bone PMMA PMMA... Tissue-and-bone Tissue-and-bone PM MA PMMA (???) 'Adapted from reference 53. Source Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf 9. 2 9. 7 9. 2 9. 7 9. 4 9. 7 9. 4 9. 7 10...

Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Proof of a lower bound for bipartite concurrence via equivalence to an observable entanglement measure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this Brief Report, we prove that an analytically solvable two-qubit entanglement monotone introduced by Zhang et al. [Phys. Rev. A 76, 032306 (2007)] is no greater than the square of concurrence. This proof is based on the equivalence between Zhang et al.'s monotone and an observable entanglement measure for mixed states suggested by Mintert and Buchleitner [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 140505 (2007)]. Our result may clarify the connections between several recently defined entanglement measures and help understand their possible applications in quantum-information theory.

Xi-Jun Ren; Zheng-Wei Zhou; Xingxiang Zhou; Guang-Can Guo

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

348

Multi-wavelength surface emitting quantum cascade laser based on equivalent phase shift  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel surface emitting distributed feedback quantum cascade laser emitting around ????4.6??m is demonstrated by employing an equivalent phase shift (EPS) of quarter-wave (?/4). The EPS is fabricated through extending one sampling period by 50% in the center of a sampled Bragg grating. Single-lobed far-field radiation pattern with a low divergence angle of about 0.6??16.8 is obtained. Selective single-mode lasing with a mean side mode suppression ratio above 20?dB and wavelength coverage range of 72?nm is achieved simultaneously on a single wafer only by changing the sampling period.

Zhang, J. C., E-mail: zhangjinchuan@semi.ac.cn; Liu, F. Q., E-mail: fqliu@semi.ac.cn; Yao, D. Y.; Wang, L. J.; Yan, F. L.; Liu, J. Q.; Wang, Z. G. [Institute of Semiconductors, Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100083, People抯 Republic of China and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Beijing 100083 (China)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

349

Casimir Friction in Terms of Moving Harmonic Oscillators: Equivalence Between Two Different Formulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Casimir friction problem can be dealt with in a simplified way by considering two harmonic oscillators moving with constant relative velocity. Recently we calculated the energy dissipation for such a case, [EPL {\\bf 91}, 60003 (2010); Europ. Phys. J. D {\\bf 61}, 335 (2011)]. A recent study of Barton [New J. Phys. {\\bf 12}, 113044 (2010)] seemingly leads to a different result for the dissipation. If such a discrepancy really were true, it would imply a delicate difficulty for the basic theory of Casimir friction. In the present note we show that the expressions for the dissipation are in fact physically equivalent, at T=0.

Johan S. H鴜e; Iver Brevik

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

350

Equivalent circuit-level model and improvement of terahertz quantum cascade lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An equivalent circuit-level model of terahertz (THz) quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) is developed by using rate equations. This model can be employed to investigate the characteristics of THz QCLs accurately and to improve their design. We use the circuit-level model to analyse a new active structure, which can improve the performance of THz QCLs by means of enhancing carrier injection. The simulation result shows that THz QCLs with the new active structure have a much higher performance compared with conventional THz QCLs. The high-performance THz QCLs are expected to be operated at higher temperatures.

Wei Zhou; Shaobin Liu; Jie Wu; Xiaoliu Zhang; Wu Tang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Wang, Ke; Feng, Wei; Han, Dong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Ke Wang; Zheng Li; Wei Feng; Dong Han

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

353

Probing the quantum-mechanical equivalent-photon spectrum for electromagnetic dissociation of relativistic uranium projectiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic fission cross sections for the reactions U + (Be, C, Al, Cu, In, Au, U) at E/A = 0.6 and 1.0 GeV are compared to theoretical calculations using recently proposed quantum-mechanical equivalent-photon spectra. In contrast to semi-classical calculations, systematically lower cross sections are obtained that cannot reproduce the experimental results. Furthermore, we point out that the study of electromagnetic fission cross sections or electromagnetic 1-neutron removal cross sections alone cannot provide unambiguous information on the excitation of the double giant dipole resonance.

Th. Rubehn; W. F. J. Mueller; W. Trautmann

1996-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford site. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with requirements of 10 CFR 835, the DOE Laboratory Accreditation Program, the DOE Richland Operations Office, DOE Office of River Protection, DOE Pacific Northwest Office of Science, and Hanford抯 DOE contractors. The dosimetry system is operated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Hanford External Dosimetry Program which provides dosimetry services to PNNL and all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since its inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. The first revision to be released through PNNL抯 Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture database was designated Revision 0. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving significant changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document. Maintenance and distribution of controlled hard copies of the manual by PNNL was discontinued beginning with Revision 0.2.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at Hanford. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with 10 CFR 835, DOELAP, DOE-RL, ORP, PNSO, and Hanford contractor requirements. The dosimetry system is operated by PNNL抯 Hanford External Dosimetry Program (HEDP) which provides dosimetry services to all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee (HPDAC) which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. Rev. 0 marks the first revision to be released through PNNL抯 Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture (ERICA) database. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document. Revision Log: Rev. 0 (2/25/2005) Major revision and expansion. Rev. 0.1 (3/12/2007) Minor revision. Updated Chapters 5, 6 and 9 to reflect change in default ring calibration factor used in HEDP dose calculation software. Factor changed from 1.5 to 2.0 beginning January 1, 2007. Pages on which changes were made are as follows: 5.23, 5.69, 5.78, 5.80, 5.82, 6.3, 6.5, 6.29, 9.2.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2007-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual PNL-MA-842 documents the design and implementation of the external dosimetry system used at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford site. The manual describes the dosimeter design, processing protocols, dose calculation methodology, radiation fields encountered, dosimeter response characteristics, limitations of dosimeter design under field conditions, and makes recommendations for effective use of the dosimeters in the field. The manual describes the technical basis for the dosimetry system in a manner intended to help ensure defensibility of the dose of record at Hanford and to demonstrate compliance with requirements of 10 CFR 835, the DOE Laboratory Accreditation Program, the DOE Richland Operations Office, DOE Office of River Protection, DOE Pacific Northwest Office of Science, and Hanford抯 DOE contractors. The dosimetry system is operated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Hanford External Dosimetry Program which provides dosimetry services to PNNL and all Hanford contractors. The primary users of this manual are DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford using the dosimetry services of PNNL. Development and maintenance of this manual is funded directly by DOE and DOE contractors. Its contents have been reviewed and approved by DOE and DOE contractors at Hanford through the Hanford Personnel Dosimetry Advisory Committee which is chartered and chaired by DOE-RL and serves as means of coordinating dosimetry practices across contractors at Hanford. This manual was established in 1996. Since its inception, it has been revised many times and maintained by PNNL as a controlled document with controlled distribution. The first revision to be released through PNNL抯 Electronic Records & Information Capture Architecture database was designated Revision 0. Revision numbers that are whole numbers reflect major revisions typically involving significant changes to all chapters in the document. Revision numbers that include a decimal fraction reflect minor revisions, usually restricted to selected chapters or selected pages in the document. Maintenance and distribution of controlled hard copies of the manual by PNNL was discontinued beginning with Revision 0.2.

Rathbone, Bruce A.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

E-Print Network 3.0 - auf basis von Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paderborn Collection: Mathematics 75 Unsere Motivation Trotz intensiver Bemhungen der Automobil- Summary: ermglicht. Einheitliche Testlsung auf Basis einer standardisierten...

358

Development of an optimal anisotropic responding (OAR) dosimeter for two-dosimeter dosimetry for better estimation of effective dose equivalent (He) and the impact of dosimeter misposition on estimating effective dose equivalent using isotropic dosimeters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single dosimeter is commonly worn on a radiation worker's chest to monitor radiation exposure. However, when a radiation worker is exposed to a posterior photon beam, effective dose equivalent (HE) can be severely underestimated using a single...

Han, Hsiang-Jung

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

359

Nuclear Facility Safety Basis Fundamentals Self-Study Guide - November 2002  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oak Ridge Operations Office Oak Ridge Operations Office Nuclear Facility Safety Basis Fundamentals Self-Study Guide [Fulfills ORO Safety Basis Competency 1, 2 (Part 1), or 7 (Part 1)] November 2002 Nuclear Facility Safety Basis Fundamentals Self-Study Guide TABLE OF CONTENTS Acronyms and Abbreviations ......................................................................................... iii List of Figures ....................................................................................................................iv List of Tables......................................................................................................................iv INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................................1

360

Ris-R-Report Grid fault and design-basis for wind turbines -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ris酶-R-Report Grid fault and design-basis for wind turbines - Final report Anca D. Hansen, Nicolaos and design-basis for wind turbines - Final report Division: Wind Energy Division Ris酶-R-1714(EN) January 2010-basis for wind turbines". The objective of this project has been to assess and analyze the consequences

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Efficient basis for the Dicke Model I: theory and convergence in energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An extended bosonic coherent basis has been shown by Chen to provide numerically exact solutions of the finite-size Dicke model. The advantages in employing this basis, as compared with the photon number (Fock) basis, are exhibited to be valid for a large region of the Hamiltonian parameter space by analyzing the converged values of the ground state energy.

Miguel Angel Bastarrachea-Magnani; Jorge G. Hirsch

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

362

River Corridor Project Workplace Air Monitoring Technical Basis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the technical basis by which the workplace air monitoring and sampling program is operated in the River Corridor Project (RCP). Revision 2 addresses and incorporates changes in the air monitoring program drivers and implementing documents which occurred after the previous revision was issued. This revision also includes an additional RCP project to make Revision 2 applicable to the entire RCP. These changes occurred in the following areas: (1) Changes resulting from the conversion of the Hanford Site Radiological Control Manual (HSRCM-1) into the Project Hanford Radiological Control Manual (F-5173). HNF-5173 is now the implementing document for 10CFR835. (2) Changes resulting from the issue of new and revised Hanford Site implementing procedures. (3) Changes resulting from the issue of new and revised, as well as the cancellation of RCP implementing procedures. (4) Addition of the 200 Area Accelerated Deactivation Project (ADP). (5) Modification of some air sampling/monitoring locations to better meet the needs of facility operations. (6) Changes resulting from the RCP reorganization.

MANTOOTH, D.S.

2001-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

363

Hanford Technical Basis for Multiple Dosimetry Effective Dose Methodology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current method at Hanford for dealing with the results from multiple dosimeters worn during non-uniform irradiation is to use a compartmentalization method to calculate the effective dose (E). The method, as documented in the current version of Section 6.9.3 in the 'Hanford External Dosimetry Technical Basis Manual, PNL-MA-842,' is based on the compartmentalization method presented in the 1997 ANSI/HPS N13.41 standard, 'Criteria for Performing Multiple Dosimetry.' With the adoption of the ICRP 60 methodology in the 2007 revision to 10 CFR 835 came changes that have a direct affect on the compartmentalization method described in the 1997 ANSI/HPS N13.41 standard, and, thus, to the method used at Hanford. The ANSI/HPS N13.41 standard committee is in the process of updating the standard, but the changes to the standard have not yet been approved. And, the drafts of the revision of the standard tend to align more with ICRP 60 than with the changes specified in the 2007 revision to 10 CFR 835. Therefore, a revised method for calculating effective dose from non-uniform external irradiation using a compartmental method was developed using the tissue weighting factors and remainder organs specified in 10 CFR 835 (2007).

Hill, Robin L.; Rathbone, Bruce A.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Regulatory basis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant performance assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is the first operational repository designed for the safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste from the defense programs of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for certifications and regulation of the WIPP facility for the radioactive components of the waste. The EPA has promulgated general radioactive waste disposal standards at 40 CFR Part 191. and WIPP-specific criteria to implement and interpret the generic disposal standards at 40 CFR Part 194. In October 1996. the DOE submitted its Compliance Certification Application (CCA) to the EPA to demonstrate compliance with the disposal standards at Subparts B and C of 40 CFR Part 191. This paper summarizes the development of the overall legal framework for radioactive waste disposal at the WIPP, the parallel development of the WIPP performance assessment (PA), and how the EPA disposal standards and implementing criteria formed the basis for the CCA WIPP PA. The CCA resulted in a certification in May 1998 by the EPA of the WIPP'S compliance with the EPA's disposal standard, thus enabling the WIPP to begin radioactive waste disposal.

HOWARD,BRYAN A.; CRAWFORD,M.B.; GALSON,D.A.; MARIETTA,MELVIN G.

2000-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

365

A geometric basis for the standard-model gauge group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A geometric approach to the standard model in terms of the Clifford algebra Cl_7 is advanced. A key feature of the model is its use of an algebraic spinor for one generation of leptons and quarks. Spinor transformations separate into left-sided ("exterior") and right-sided ("interior") types. By definition, Poincare transformations are exterior ones. We consider all rotations in the seven-dimensional space that (1) conserve the spacetime components of the particle and antiparticle currents and (2) do not couple the right-chiral neutrino. These rotations comprise additional exterior transformations that commute with the Poincare group and form the group SU(2)_L, interior ones that constitute SU(3)_C, and a unique group of coupled double-sided rotations with U(1)_Y symmetry. The spinor mediates a physical coupling of Poincare and isotopic symmetries within the restrictions of the Coleman--Mandula theorem. The four extra spacelike dimensions in the model form a basis for the Higgs isodoublet field, whose symmetr...

Trayling, G; Trayling, Greg

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Climate Change: The Physical Basis and Latest Results  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The 2007 Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes: "Warming in the climate system is unequivocal." Without the contribution of Physics to climate science over many decades, such a statement would not have been possible. Experimental physics enables us to read climate archives such as polar ice cores and so provides the context for the current changes. For example, today the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, the second most important greenhouse gas, is 28% higher than any time during the last 800,000 years. Classical fluid mechanics and numerical mathematics are the basis of climate models from which estimates of future climate change are obtained. But major instabilities and surprises in the Earth System are still unknown. These are also to be considered when the climatic consequences of proposals for geo-engineering are estimated. Only Physics will permit us to further improve our understanding in order to provide the foundation for policy decisions facing the global climate change challenge.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

367

Estimates of internal-dose equivalent from inhalation and ingestion of selected radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents internal radiation dose conversion factors for radionuclides of interest in environmental assessments of nuclear fuel cycles. This volume provides an updated summary of estimates of committed dose equivalent for radionuclides considered in three previous Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reports. Intakes by inhalation and ingestion are considered. The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Task Group Lung Model has been used to simulate the deposition and retention of particulate matter in the respiratory tract. Results corresponding to activity median aerodynamic diameters (AMAD) of 0.3, 1.0, and 5.0 ..mu..m are given. The gastorintestinal (GI) tract has been represented by a four-segment catenary model with exponential transfer of radioactivity from one segment to the next. Retention of radionuclides in systemic organs is characterized by linear combinations of decaying exponential functions, recommended in ICRP Publication 30. The first-year annual dose rate, maximum annual dose rate, and fifty-year dose commitment per microcurie intake of each radionuclide is given for selected target organs and the effective dose equivalent. These estimates include contributions from specified source organs plus the systemic activity residing in the rest of the body; cross irradiation due to penetrating radiations has been incorporated into these estimates. 15 references.

Dunning, D.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Full-wave analysis of superconducting microstrip lines on anisotropic substrates using equivalent surface impedance approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computationally efficient full-wave technique is developed to analyze single and coupled superconducting microstrip lines on anisotropic substrates. The optic axis of the dielectric is in the plane of the substrate at an arbitrary angle with respect to the propagation direction. A dyadic Green's function for layered, anisotropic media is used to formulate an integral equation for the current in the strips. To increase the efficiency of the method, the superconducting strips are replaced by equivalent surface impedances which account for the loss and kinetic inductance of the superconductors. The validity of this equivalent surface impedance (ESI) approach is verified by comparing the calculated complex propagation constant and characteristic impedance for superconducting microstrip lines on an isotropic substrate to measured results, and to numerical results by the more rigorous volume-integral equation method. The results calculated using the ESI approach for perfectly conducting coupled lines on an anisotropic substrate agree with the results by the finite-difference time-domain method. This efficient ESI technique is then used to study the effects of the optic axis orientation and the strip width on the characteristics of single and coupled superconducting microstrip lines on M-plane sapphire. The effects of the line separation and operating temperature on the coupled lines are also investigated.

Lee, L.H.; Lyons, W.G.; Orlando, T.P.; Ali, S.M. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science); Lyons, W.G. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Lexington, MA (United States). Lincoln Lab.); Withers, R.S. (Conductus, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States))

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Detector Configurations for Equivalence Principle Tests with Strong Separation of Signal from Noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Testing the Equivalence Principle (EP) at a level of accuracy substantially higher than the present state of the art requires resolving a very small signal out of the instrument抯 intrinsic noise and also the noise associated with the instrument抯 motion and gravity gradients. In the test of the Equivalence Principle in an Einstein Elevator under development by our team the acceleration detector spins about a horizontal axis while free falling for about 25 s inside a co?moving capsule released from a stratospheric balloon. The characteristics of the instrument package and the configuration of the detector play a key role in the ability to extract an EP violation signal at the desired threshold level out of dynamics?related noise. Numerical simulations of the detector抯 dynamics in the presence of relevant perturbations having assumed realistic errors and construction imperfections show the merits of the detector configuration selected. The results illustrate that the effects of dynamics and gravity gradients near or at the signal frequency can be limited to levels much smaller than the expected threshold sensitivity of the detector.

E. C. Lorenzini; I. I. Shapiro; J. Ashenberg; C. Bombardelli; P. N. Cheimets; V. Iafolla; D. M. Lucchesi; S. Nozzoli; F. Santoli; S. Glashow

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A New Method for Calculating the Equivalent Circulating Density of Drilling Fluid in Deepwater Drilling for Oil and Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a simple and accurate method for calculating the equivalent circulating density for drilling fluid which can be used for deepwater drilling calculations. The calculation takes into account de...

Hui Zhang; Tengfei Sun; Deli Gao

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Breakdown of the Equivalence between Energy Content and Weight in a Weak Gravitational Field for a Quantum Body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that weight operator of a composite quantum body in a weak external gravitational field in the post-Newtonian approximation of the General Relativity does not commute with its energy operator, taken in the absence of the field. Nevertheless, the weak equivalence between the expectations values of weight and energy is shown to survive at a macroscopic level for stationary quantum states for the simplest composite quantum body - a hydrogen atom. Breakdown of the weak equivalence between weight and energy at a microscopic level for stationary quantum states can be experimentally detected by studying unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by the atoms, supported and moved in the Earth gravitational field with constant velocity, using spacecraft or satellite. For superpositions of stationary quantum states, a breakdown of the above mentioned equivalence at a macroscopic level leads to time dependent oscillations of the expectation values of weight, where the equivalence restores after averaging over time procedure.

Andrei Lebed

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

Calculation of Ambient (H*(10)) and Personal (Hp(10)) Dose Equivalent from a 252Cf Neutron Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to calculate the neutron dose factors for the Sr-Cf-3000 neutron source that is located in the 318 low scatter room (LSR). The dose factors were based on the dose conversion factors published in ICRP-21 Appendix 6, and the Ambient dose equivalent (H*(10)) and Personal dose equivalent (Hp(10)) dose factors published in ICRP Publication 74.

Traub, Richard J.

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

373

Equivalent circuit analysis applied to the investigation of the driving point impedance of a chemical high frequency analytical instrument  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY A 4 N COLLESE OF TEXAS EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT ANALZSIS APPLIED TO THE ZNVESTIQATION OF THE DRZVINQ POZNT IMPEDANCE OF A CHEMICAL HIQH FREQUENCE AN ALTTZC AL INSTRUMENT A Thesis Laurence Raymond Dausin Subnitted to the Qraduate Sohool... of the Agrioultural and Hechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of RASTER OF SCIENCE January 1958 Na J or Sub J eat I Electrioa1 Engineering EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT ANALTSIS APPLIH) TO THE INVESTIGATION OF THE DRIVING...

Dausin, Lawrence Raymond

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Basis for seismic provisions of DOE-STD-1020  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE-STD-1020 provides for a graded approach for the seismic design and evaluation of DOE structures, systems, and components (SSC). Each SSC is assigned to a Performance Category (PC) with a performance description and an approximate annual probability of seismic-induced unacceptable performance, P{sub F}. The seismic annual probability performance goals for PC 1 through 4 for which specific seismic design and evaluation criteria are presented. DOE-STD-1020 also provides a seismic design and evaluation procedure applicable to achieve any seismic performance goal annual probability of unacceptable performance specified by the user. The desired seismic performance goal is achieved by defining the seismic hazard in terms of a site-specified design/evaluation response spectrum (called herein, the Design/Evaluation Basis Earthquake, DBE). Probabilistic seismic hazard estimates are used to establish the DBE. The resulting seismic hazard curves define the amplitude of the ground motion as a function of the annual probability of exceedance P{sub H} of the specified seismic hazard. Once the DBE is defined, the SSC is designed or evaluated for this DBE using adequately conservative deterministic acceptance criteria. To be adequately conservative, the acceptance criteria must introduce an additional reduction in the risk of unacceptable performance below the annual risk of exceeding the DBE. The ratio of the seismic hazard exceedance probability P{sub H} to the performance goal probability P{sub F} is defined herein as the risk reduction ratio. The required degree of conservatism in the deterministic acceptance criteria is a function of the specified risk reduction ratio.

Kennedy, R.C. [RPK Structural Mechanics Consulting, Yorba Linda, CA (United States); Short, S.A. [EQE International, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

NSS 18.3 Verification of Authorization Basis Documentation 12/8/03 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NSS 18.3 Verification of Authorization Basis Documentation 12/8/03 NSS 18.3 Verification of Authorization Basis Documentation 12/8/03 NSS 18.3 Verification of Authorization Basis Documentation 12/8/03 The objective of this surveillance is for the Facility Representative to verify that the facility's configuration and operations remain consistent with the authorization basis. As defined in DOE Notice 411.1-1B, the authorization basis consists of those aspects of the facility design basis and operational requirements relied upon by DOE to authorize operation. These aspects are considered to be important to the safety of the facility operations. The authorization basis is described in documents such as the facility safety analysis report and other documented safety analyses; hazard classification documents, and the Technical Safety Requirements,

376

Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A clinical prototype of a scintillating fiber dosimeter array for quality assurance applications is presented. The array consists of a linear array of 29 plastic scintillation detectors embedded in a water-equivalent plastic sheet coupled to optical fibers used to guide optical photons to a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. The CCD is packaged in a light-tight, radiation-shielded housing designed for convenient transport. A custom designed connector is used to ensure reproducible mechanical positioning of the optical fibers relative to the CCD. Profile and depth dose characterization measurements are presented and show that the prototype provides excellent dose measurement reproducibility ({+-}0.8%) in-field and good accuracy ({+-}1.6% maximum deviation) relative to the dose measured with an IC10 ionization chamber.

Lacroix, Frederic; Archambault, Louis; Gingras, Luc; Guillot, Mathieu; Beddar, A. Sam; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

An equivalent circuit model and power calculations for the APS SPX crab cavities.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An equivalent parallel resistor-inductor-capacitor (RLC) circuit with beam loading for a polarized TM110 dipole-mode cavity is developed and minimum radio-frequency (rf) generator requirements are calculated for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) short-pulse x-ray (SPX) superconducting rf (SRF) crab cavities. A beam-loaded circuit model for polarized TM110 mode crab cavities was derived. The single-cavity minimum steady-state required generator power has been determined for the APS SPX crab cavities for a storage ring current of 200mA DC current as a function of external Q for various vertical offsets including beam tilt and uncontrollable detuning. Calculations to aid machine protection considerations were given.

Berenc, T. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS))

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

378

High-frequency equivalent model of AC motor for electric vehicle drive system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of the motor drive system in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles can lead to a significant increase in electromagnetic compatibility. The AC motor as an important part of motor drive system must be considered. In this paper, a high frequency modelling method of the AC motor is presented. The modelling method consists of deriving the motor model parameters from mathematical resolution of the electrical circuit equations and observation of the variations of the motor impedance with the frequency. All parameters of the proposed models are obtained by differential mode (DM) and common mode (CM) impedance measurement in the frequency domain. The model is verified by impedance measurement of a synchronous motor. The method proposed can be used to obtain a high-frequency equivalent circuit of an AC motor and predict conducted electromagnetic interference in a motor drive system.

Yongming Yang; Hemeng Peng; Quandi Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Lineal energy calibration of mini tissue-equivalent gas-proportional counters (TEPC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mini TEPCs are cylindrical gas proportional counters of 1 mm or less of sensitive volume diameter. The lineal energy calibration of these tiny counters can be performed with an external gamma-ray source. However, to do that, first a method to get a simple and precise spectral mark has to be found and then the keV/{mu}m value of this mark. A precise method (less than 1% of uncertainty) to identify this markis described here, and the lineal energy value of this mark has been measured for different simulated site sizes by using a {sup 137}Cs gamma source and a cylindrical TEPC equipped with a precision internal {sup 244}Cm alpha-particle source, and filled with propane-based tissue-equivalent gas mixture. Mini TEPCs can be calibrated in terms of lineal energy, by exposing them to {sup 137}Cesium sources, with an overall uncertainty of about 5%.

Conte, V.; Moro, D.; Colautti, P. [LNL-INFN, viale dell'Universita 2, I-35020 Legnaro (Italy); Grosswendt, B. [guest at LNL-INFN (Italy)

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

380

Weak equivalence principle for self-gravitating bodies: A sieve for purely metric theories of gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose the almost-geodesic motion of self-gravitating test bodies as a possible selection rule among metric theories of gravity. Starting from a heuristic statement, the "gravitational weak equivalence principle", we build a formal, operative test able to probe the validity of the principle for any metric theory of gravity, in an arbitrary number of spacetime dimensions. We show that, if the theory admits a well-posed variational formulation, this test singles out only the purely metric theories of gravity. This conclusion reproduces known results in the cases of general relativity (also with a cosmological constant term), and scalar-tensor theories, but extends also to debated or unknown scenarios, such as f(R) and Lanczos-Lovelock theories. We thus provide new tools going beyond the standard methods, where the latter turn out to be inconclusive or inapplicable.

Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Effects of Fuel Ignition Quality on Critical Equivalence Ratio for Autoignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This hypothesis is based on the work of Musculus et al.,(2) who introduced the concept of a 揷ritical equivalence ratio (?), below which fuel in localized regions of the chamber is a potential source for incomplete combustion. ... The evaporative steam cooling system, used to maintain water jacket temperatures of the engine in the standard CFR engine design,(12) was replaced with an 8 L 1000 W refrigerated/heating circulator. ... Musculus et al.,(2) who first presented the concept of critical ?, stated that 揢HC emissions may arise from jets that ignite before EOI (negative ignition dwell) if the mixtures near the injector become too lean either to autoignite in the time available or to support propagation of the downstream reaction zone into the near-injector region. ...

Gregory K. Lilik; Andr L. Boehman

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

382

Superiority of Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD)-Based Optimization for Breast and Chest Wall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate whether IMRT optimization based on generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD) objectives for organs at risk (OAR) results in superior dosimetric outcomes when compared with multiple dose-volume (DV)-based objectives plans for patients with intact breast and postmastectomy chest wall (CW) cancer. Four separate IMRT plans were prepared for each of the breast and CW cases (10 patients). The first three plans used our standard in-house, physician-selected, DV objectives (phys-plan); gEUD-based objectives for the OARs (gEUD-plan); and multiple, 'very stringent,' DV objectives for each OAR and PTV (DV-plan), respectively. The fourth plan was only beam-fluence optimized (FO-plan), without segmentation, which used the same objectives as in the DV-plan. The latter plan was to be used as an 'optimum' benchmark without the effects of the segmentation for deliverability. Dosimetric quantities, such as V{sub 20Gy} for the ipsilateral lung and mean dose (D{sub mean}) for heart, contralateral breast, and contralateral lung were used to evaluate the results. For all patients in this study, we have seen that the gEUD-based plans allow greater sparing of the OARs while maintaining equivalent target coverage. The average ipsilateral lung V{sub 20Gy} reduced from 22 {+-} 4.4% for the FO-plan to 18 {+-} 3% for the gEUD-plan. All other dosimetric quantities shifted towards lower doses for the gEUD-plan. gEUD-based optimization can be used to search for plans of different DVHs with the same gEUDs. The use of gEUD allows selective optimization and reduction of the dose for each OAR and results in a truly individualized treatment plan.

Mihailidis, Dimitris N. [Charleston Radiation Therapy Consultants, Charleston, WV (United States)], E-mail: Dimitris@charlestonradiation.com; Plants, Brian; Farinash, Lloyd; Harmon, Michael; Whaley, Lewis; Raja, Prem; Tomara, Pelagia [Charleston Radiation Therapy Consultants, Charleston, WV (United States)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Surveillance Guide - NSS 18.3 Verification of Authorization Basis Documentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VERIFICATION OF AUTHORIZATION BASIS DOCUMENTATION VERIFICATION OF AUTHORIZATION BASIS DOCUMENTATION 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is for the Facility Representative to verify that the facility's configuration and operations remain consistent with the authorization basis. As defined in DOE Notice 411.1-1B, the authorization basis consists of those aspects of the facility design basis and operational requirements relied upon by DOE to authorize operation. These aspects are considered to be important to the safety of the facility operations. The authorization basis is described in documents such as the facility safety analysis report and other documented safety analyses; hazard classification documents, and the Technical Safety Requirements, DOE- issued safety evaluation reports, and facility-specific commitments made in

384

Establishing the Technical Basis for Disposal of Heat-generating Waste in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Establishing the Technical Basis for Disposal of Heat-generating Establishing the Technical Basis for Disposal of Heat-generating Waste in Salt Establishing the Technical Basis for Disposal of Heat-generating Waste in Salt The report summarizes available historic tests and the developed technical basis for disposal of heat-generating waste in salt, and the means by which a safety case for disposal of heat generating waste at a generic salt site can be initiated from the existing technical basis. Though the basis for a salt safety case is strong and has been made by the German repository program, RD&D programs continue in order to help reduce uncertainty, to improve understanding of certain complex processes, to demonstrate operational concepts, to confirm performance expectations, and to improve modeling capabilities utilizing the latest software platforms.

385

Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review Overview and Management Oversight Standard Review Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This SRP, Nuclear Safety Basis Program Review, consists of five volumes. It provides information to help strengthen the technical rigor of line management oversight and federal monitoring of DOE nuclear facilities. It provides a primer on the safety basis development and documentation process used by the DOE. It also provides a set of LOIs for the review of safety basis programs and documents of nuclear facilities at various stages of the facility life cycle.

386

Self Energy Correction in Light Front QED And Coherent State Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the calculation of fermion self energy correction in Light Front QED using a coherent state basis. We show that if one uses coherent state basis instead of fock basis to calculate the transition matrix elements, the true infrared divergences in electron mass renormalization $\\delta m^2$ get canceled up to $O(e^4)$ in Light Front gauge. We have also verified this cancellation in Feynman gauge up to $O(e^2)$.

Jai D. More; Anuradha Misra

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

387

CX-005566: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

generating 1 megawatt (Mw) of electricity. The Columbus digester is creating excess biogas that has the potential to generate 275,912 gallons of gasoline equivalent (gge) each...

388

Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness: Opportunities and Potential...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FCEV Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle FCHEA Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association FCTP Fuel Cell Technologies Program GGE H2I HSCC Gasoline gallon equivalent Hawaii Hydrogen...

389

Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

future expansion of propane vehicles. Project participants will reduce 3.9 million gasoline gallon equivalents and 7.8 million pounds of greenhouse gas emissions annually....

390

SunLine Transit Agency Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Fourth Evaluation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

hydrogen dispensed was also converted into diesel energy equivalent gallons. The general energy conversions are as follows (actual energy content will vary by location): Lower...

391

SunLine Transit Agency Hydrogen-Powered Transit Buses: Evaluation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

hydrogen dispensed was also converted into diesel energy equivalent gallons. The general energy conversions are as follows, actual energy content will vary by location: Lower...

392

SunLine Transit Agency Hydrogen-Powered Transit Buses: Third...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

hydrogen dispensed was also converted into diesel energy equivalent gallons. The general energy conversions are as follows, actual energy content will vary by location: Lower...

393

SunLine Transit Agency, Hydrogen-Powered Transit Buses: Preliminary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

hydrogen dispensed was also converted into diesel energy equivalent gallons. The general energy conversions are as follows, actual energy content will vary by location: Lower...

394

SunLine Transit Agency Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Fifth Evaluation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

hydrogen dispensed was also converted into diesel energy equivalent gallons. The general energy conversions are as follows (actual energy content will vary by location): Lower...

395

DOE Announces Webinars on Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

conversion to fuels and products need to be overcome for algal biofuels to achieve the Energy Department's target of 3 gasoline gallon equivalent for advanced algal biofuels by...

396

SunLine Transit Agency Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Fifth Evaluation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Society of Mechanical Engineers AQMD Air Quality Management District CARB California Air Resources Board CNG compressed natural gas DGE diesel gallon equivalent DOE U.S....

397

SunLine Transit Agency Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Fourth Evaluation...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers CARB California Air Resources Board CNG compressed natural gas DGE diesel gallon equivalent DOE U.S. Department of Energy FCB fuel...

398

Technical Basis for Implementation of the PCM-1B for Personnel Release at Tank Farms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the technical basis for use of the PCM-18 as the sole method of personnel release from Contamination Areas at River Protection Project facilities.

BROWN, R.L.

2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

399

Technical Basis and Considerations for DOE M 435.1-1 (Appendix A)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This appendix establishes the technical basis of the order revision process and of each of the requirements included in the revised radioactive waste management order.

1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

400

NSS 18.3 Verification of Authorization Basis Documentation 12/8/03  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The objective of this surveillance is for the Facility Representative to verify that the facility's configuration and operations remain consistent with the authorization basis. As defined in DOE...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Technical Basis for Radiological Workplace Air Monitoring and Sampling for the River Corridor Project 300 area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the technical basis by which the workplace air monitoring and sampling program is operated in the 324 and 327 Buildings.

MANTOOTH, D.S.

2000-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

Microsoft Word - 911168_0 NGNP Fuel Specification Basis_rel.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 Revision 0 ENGINEERING SERVICES FOR THE NEXT GENERATION NUCLEAR PLANT (NGNP) WITH HYDROGEN PRODUCTION Technical Basis for NGNP Fuel Performance and Quality Requirements Prepared...

403

Improving Department of Energy Capabilities for Mitigating Beyond Design Basis Events  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This is a level 1 operating experience document providing direction for Improving Department of Energy Capabilities for Mitigating Beyond Design Basis Events. [OE-1: 2013-01

404

CRITICALITY SAFETY CONTROLS AND THE SAFETY BASIS AT PFP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the implementation of DOE Order 420.1B, Facility Safety, and DOE-STD-3007-2007, 'Guidelines for Preparing Criticality Safety Evaluations at Department of Energy Non-Reactor Nuclear Facilities', a new requirement was imposed that all criticality safety controls be evaluated for inclusion in the facility Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) and that the evaluation process be documented in the site Criticality Safety Program Description Document (CSPDD). At the Hanford site in Washington State the CSPDD, HNF-31695, 'General Description of the FH Criticality Safety Program', requires each facility develop a linking document called a Criticality Control Review (CCR) to document performance of these evaluations. Chapter 5, Appendix 5B of HNF-7098, Criticality Safety Program, provided an example of a format for a CCR that could be used in lieu of each facility developing its own CCR. Since the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) is presently undergoing Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D), new procedures are being developed for cleanout of equipment and systems that have not been operated in years. Existing Criticality Safety Evaluations (CSE) are revised, or new ones written, to develop the controls required to support D&D activities. Other Hanford facilities, including PFP, had difficulty using the basic CCR out of HNF-7098 when first implemented. Interpretation of the new guidelines indicated that many of the controls needed to be elevated to TSR level controls. Criterion 2 of the standard, requiring that the consequence of a criticality be examined for establishing the classification of a control, was not addressed. Upon in-depth review by PFP Criticality Safety staff, it was not clear that the programmatic interpretation of criterion 8C could be applied at PFP. Therefore, the PFP Criticality Safety staff decided to write their own CCR. The PFP CCR provides additional guidance for the evaluation team to use by clarifying the evaluation criteria in DOE-STD-3007-2007. In reviewing documents used in classifying controls for Nuclear Safety, it was noted that DOE-HDBK-1188, 'Glossary of Environment, Health, and Safety Terms', defines an Administrative Control (AC) in terms that are different than typically used in Criticality Safety. As part of this CCR, a new term, Criticality Administrative Control (CAC) was defined to clarify the difference between an AC used for criticality safety and an AC used for nuclear safety. In Nuclear Safety terms, an AC is a provision relating to organization and management, procedures, recordkeeping, assessment, and reporting necessary to ensure safe operation of a facility. A CAC was defined as an administrative control derived in a criticality safety analysis that is implemented to ensure double contingency. According to criterion 2 of Section IV, 'Linkage to the Documented Safety Analysis', of DOESTD-3007-2007, the consequence of a criticality should be examined for the purposes of classifying the significance of a control or component. HNF-PRO-700, 'Safety Basis Development', provides control selection criteria based on consequence and risk that may be used in the development of a Criticality Safety Evaluation (CSE) to establish the classification of a component as a design feature, as safety class or safety significant, i.e., an Engineered Safety Feature (ESF), or as equipment important to safety; or merely provides defense-in-depth. Similar logic is applied to the CACs. Criterion 8C of DOE-STD-3007-2007, as written, added to the confusion of using the basic CCR from HNF-7098. The PFP CCR attempts to clarify this criterion by revising it to say 'Programmatic commitments or general references to control philosophy (e.g., mass control or spacing control or concentration control as an overall control strategy for the process without specific quantification of individual limits) is included in the PFP DSA'. Table 1 shows the PFP methodology for evaluating CACs. This evaluation process has been in use since February of 2008 and has proven to be simple and effective. Each control identified i

Kessler, S

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

405

Matrix analysis applied to the equivalent circuits of ?, , and o-components of three-phase systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY i Ii R COLLEGE OF IEXAO MATlUX ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF , P, AND 0 COMPONENTS OF THREE-PHASE SYSTEMS A Theeie MARSHALL CHUAN YUNG KUO b ~ Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricnltaral and Mechaaical... College of Tenas ln partial fnlfillment of the reqniremente for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1958 Ms(or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering LIBRARY A 4 M COLLEGE OF TEXAS MATRIX ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF g, p, AND 0...

Kuo, Marshall Chuan Yung

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

WHITE PAPER: DEMONSTRATION OF EQUIVALENCY OF CANE AND SOFTWOOD BASED CELOTEX FOR 9975 PACKAGING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cane-based Celotex{trademark} has been used extensively in various DOE packages as a thermal insulator and impact absorber. Cane-based Celotex{trademark} for the 9975 was manufactured by Knight-Celotex Fiberboard at their Marrero Plant in Louisiana. However, Knight-Celotex Fiberboard shut down their Marrero Plant in early 2007 due to impacts from hurricane Katrina and other economic factors. Therefore, cane-based Celotex{trademark} is no longer available for use in the manufacture of new 9975 packages. Knight-Celotex Fiberboard has Celotex{trademark} manufacturing plants in Danville, VA and Sunbury, PA that use softwood and hardwood, respectively, as a raw material in the manufacturing of Celotex{trademark}. The purpose of this White Paper is to demonstrate that softwood-based Celotex{trademark} from the Knight-Celotex Danville Plant has performance equivalent to cane-based Celotex{trademark} from the Knight-Celotex Marrero Plant for transportation in a 9975 package.

Varble, J

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

407

Application of equivalent elastic methods in three-dimensional finite element structural analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes use of equivalent solid (EQS) modeling to obtain efficient solutions to perforated material problems using three-dimensional finite element analysis (3-D-FEA) programs. It is shown that EQS modeling in 3-D-FEA requires an EQS constitutive relationship with a sufficient number of independent constants to allow the EQS material to respond according to the elastic symmetry of the penetration pattern. It is also shown that a 3-D-FEA submodel approach to calculate peak stresses and ligament stresses from EQS results is very accurate and preferred over more traditional stress multiplier approaches. The method is demonstrated on the problem of a transversely pressurized simply supported plate with a central divider lane separating two perforated regions with circular penetrations arranged in a square pattern. A 3-D-FEA solution for a model that incorporates each penetration explicitly is used for comparison with results from an EQS solution for the plate. Results for deflection and stresses from the EQS solution are within 3% of results from the explicit 3-D-FE model. A solution to the sample problem is also provided using the procedures in the ASME B and PV Code. The ASME B and PV Code formulas for plate deflection were shown to overestimate the stiffening effects of the divider lane and the outer stiffening ring.

Jones, D.P.; Gordon, J.L.; Hutula, D.N.; Holliday, J.E.; Jandrasits, W.G. [Bechtel Bettis, Inc., West Mifflin, PA (United States). Bettis Atomic Power Lab.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Violation of the Equivalence Principle in the light of the SNO and SK solar neutrino results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The SNO result on charged current deuteron disintegration, the SuperKamiokande 1258-day data on electron scattering, and other solar neutrino results are used to revisit the model of neutrino oscillations driven by a violation of the equivalence principle. We use a chisq minimization technique to examine oscillation between the nu(e) and another active neutrino, both massless, and find that within the Standard Solar Model the fit to the SNO and SuperKamiokande spectra are moderately good while a very good fit is obtained when the absolute normalizations of the 8B and hep neutrino fluxes are allowed to vary. The best fit prefers large, but not maximal, mixing, essentially no hep neutrinos, and a 40% reduction in the 8B neutrino flux. The fit to the total rates from the different experiments is not encouraging but when the rates and spectra are considerd together the situation is much improved. We remark on the expectations of the VEP model for the neutral current measurements at SNO.

Amitava Raychaudhuri; Arunansu Sil

2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

409

Constraining the violation of the equivalence principle with IceCube atmospheric neutrino data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent high-statistics high-energy atmospheric neutrino data collected by IceCube open a new window to probe new physics scenarios that are suppressed in lower-energy neutrino experiments. In this paper we analyze the IceCube atmospheric neutrino data to constrain the violation of equivalence principle (VEP) in the framework of three neutrinos with nonuniversal gravitational couplings. In this scenario the effect of the VEP on neutrino oscillation probabilities can be parametrized by two parameters, ??21??2??1 and ??31??3??1, where ?i抯 denote the coupling of neutrino mass eigenstates to the gravitational field. By analyzing the latest muon-tracks data sets of IceCube-40 and IceCube-79, besides providing the two-dimensional allowed regions in the (???21,???31) plane, we obtain the upper limits |???21|<9.110?27 (at 90% C.L.), which improves the previous limit by ?4 orders of magnitude, and |???31|?610?27 (at 90% C.L.), which improves the current limit by ?1 order of magnitude. Also we discuss in detail and analytically the effect of the VEP on neutrino oscillation probabilities.

A. Esmaili; D.?R. Gratieri; M.?M. Guzzo; P.?C. de Holanda; O.?L.?G. Peres; G.?A. Valdiviesso

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

410

Independent Oversight Review of the Idaho National Laboratory Fuel Conditioning Facility Safety Basis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT REVIEW OF THE IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY FUEL CONDITIONING FACILITY SAFETY BASIS April 2010 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Health, Safety and Security Office of Independent Oversight i INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT REVIEW OF THE IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY FUEL CONDITIONING FACILITY SAFETY BASIS Table of Contents Acronyms ............................................................................................................................ ii Executive Summary ........................................................................................................... iii 1.0 Introduction ..................................................................................................................1

411

A Rank-Corrected Procedure for Matrix Completion with Fixed Basis Coefficients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Rank-Corrected Procedure for Matrix Completion with Fixed Basis Coefficients Weimin Miao, Shaohua address low-rank matrix completion problems with fixed basis coefficients, which include the low-rank correlation matrix completion in various fields such as the financial market and the low-rank density matrix

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

412

THE NEURAL BASIS OF BRAIN-STIMULATION REWARD E. T. ROLLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 THE NEURAL BASIS OF BRAIN-STIMULATION REWARD E. T. ROLLS Departmentof Experimental basis of brain-stimulationreward 1.2.1 Brain-stimulationreward sites 1.2.2 Effects of lesions on self-stimulation 1.2.3 The role of physiological concomitants of brain-stimulationreward 1.2.4 Fibre degeneration

Rolls, Edmund T.

413

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for the Idaho Nuclear Technology and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for the Idaho Nuclear Basis for Section 3116 Determination for the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tank Farm Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory Basis for Section 3116 Determination for the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tank Farm Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory This 3116 Basis Document addresses the disposal of stabilized residuals in the TFF, and the TFF tank system, and disposal of the tanks, vaults, and associated piping and ancillary equipment at INTEC. The TFF tank system comprises the eleven 300,000-gal tanks, four 30,000-gal tanks, and the vaults, piping, structures, and ancillary equipment associated with these tanks. Basis for Section 3116 Determination for the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tank Farm Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory

414

Equivalent Reactor Network Model for Simulating the Air Gasification of Polyethylene in a Conical Spouted Bed Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equivalent Reactor Network Model for Simulating the Air Gasification of Polyethylene in a Conical Spouted Bed Gasifier ... Plastic waste treatment technologies, apart from chemical recycling, constitute a growing social problem, such as the loss of natural resources, the depletion of landfill space, and the environmental pollution. ...

Yupeng Du; Qi Yang; Abdallah S. Berrouk; Chaohe Yang; Ahmed S. Al Shoaibi

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

415

Theory of hydro-equivalent ignition for inertial fusion and its applications to OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory of ignition for inertial confinement fusion capsules [R. Betti et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 058102 (2010)] is used to assess the performance requirements for cryogenic implosion experiments on the Omega Laser Facility. The theory of hydrodynamic similarity is developed in both one and two dimensions and tested using multimode hydrodynamic simulations with the hydrocode DRACO [P. B. Radha et al., Phys. Plasmas 12, 032702 (2005)] of hydro-equivalent implosions (implosions with the same implosion velocity, adiabat, and laser intensity). The theory is used to scale the performance of direct-drive OMEGA implosions to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) energy scales and determine the requirements for demonstrating hydro-equivalent ignition on OMEGA. Hydro-equivalent ignition on OMEGA is represented by a cryogenic implosion that would scale to ignition on the NIF at 1.8?MJ of laser energy symmetrically illuminating the target. It is found that a reasonable combination of neutron yield and areal density for OMEGA hydro-equivalent ignition is 3 to 6??10{sup 13} and ?0.3?g/cm{sup 2}, respectively, depending on the level of laser imprinting. This performance has not yet been achieved on OMEGA.

Nora, R.; Betti, R.; Bose, A.; Woo, K. M.; Christopherson, A. R.; Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Fusion Science Center, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and/or Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Anderson, K. S.; Shvydky, A.; Marozas, J. A.; Collins, T. J. B.; Radha, P. B.; Hu, S. X.; Epstein, R.; Marshall, F. J.; Sangster, T. C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); McCrory, R. L. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and/or Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

72657Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 245 / Friday, December 21, 2007 / Proposed Rules lease in million barrels of oil equivalent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in million barrels of oil equivalent (MMBOE): Water depth Minimum royalty sus- pension volume (MMBOE) (1) 200 of paragraph (b) are revised to read as follows: 搂 260.124 How will royalty suspension apply if MMS assigns establish a royalty suspension volume for a field as a result of an approved application for royalty relief

417

146 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 56, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 Identifying the Magnetic Part of the Equivalent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, multiwinding transformer, short-circuit compensation. I. INTRODUCTION IN POWER electronic converters, wound and current transformations, and electrical insulation. In medium and low-power converters, operating fre the Magnetic Part of the Equivalent Circuit of n-Winding Transformers Xavier Margueron and Jean Pierre Keradec

Boyer, Edmond

418

A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE SUn SLn C JUAN SOUTO Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is a deformation retract of the former group. In this note we prove that, for sufficiently large n, there is no retraction of SLn C to SUn which preserves commutativity. 1. Introduction

Souto, Juan

419

Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the increasing complexity of dose patterns external beam radiotherapy, there is a great need for new types of dosimeters. We studied the first prototype of a new dosimeter array consisting of water-equivalent plastic scintillating fibers for dose measurement in external beam radiotherapy. We found that this array allows precise, rapid dose evaluation of small photon fields. Starting with a dosimeter system constructed with a single scintillating fiber coupled to a clear optical fiber and read using a charge coupled device camera, we looked at the dosimeter's spatial resolution under small radiation fields and angular dependence. Afterward, we analyzed the camera's light collection to determine the maximum array size that could be built. Finally, we developed a prototype made of ten scintillating fiber detectors to study the behavior and precision of this system in simple dosimetric situations. The scintillation detector showed no measurable angular dependence. Comparison of the scintillation detector and a small-volume ion chamber showed agreement except for 1x1 and 0.5x5.0 cm{sup 2} fields where the output factor measured by the scintillator was higher. The actual field of view of the camera could accept more than 4000 scintillating fiber detectors simultaneously. Evaluation of the dose profile and depth dose curve using a prototype with ten scintillating fiber detectors showed precise, rapid dose evaluation even with placement of more than 75 optical fibers in the field to simulate what would happen in a larger array. We concluded that this scintillating fiber dosimeter array is a valuable tool for dose measurement in external beam radiotherapy. It possesses the qualities necessary to evaluate small and irregular fields with various incident angles such as those encountered in intensity-modulated radiotherapy, radiosurgery, and tomotherapy.

Archambault, Louis; Beddar, A. Sam; Gingras, Luc; Lacroix, Frederic; Roy, Rene; Beaulieu, Luc [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, 77030 (United States) and Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, 77030 (United States); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec City (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

On Mardia skewness and kurtosis of Soules basis matrices in ROM simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Relying on an interesting connection between generalized Helmert朙edermann matrices and Soules basis matrices, as well as a complete binary tree classification of the latter, a recursive determination of the Mardia skewness and kurtosis coefficients of Soules basis matrices is proposed. It is based on a convenient combinatorial representation of Soules basis matrices by restricted binary partitions of a natural number into two ordered summands with recursive repetition of this binary partitioning on the summands. The obtained simple composition and invariance formulas enable the recursive calculation of these skewness and kurtosis coefficients.

Werner H黵limann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site The Secretary of Energy is making this 3116 Determination pursuant to Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (NDAA) [1]. This 3116 Determination concerns the disposal of separated, solidified low-activity radioactive salt waste at the Savannah River Site (SRS) near Aiken, South Carolina. Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site More Documents & Publications EIS-0082-S2: Amended Record of Decision Notice of Availability of Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site

422

CRAD, Review of Safety Basis Development - January 31, 2013 | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

January 31, 2013 January 31, 2013 CRAD, Review of Safety Basis Development - January 31, 2013 January 31, 2013 Review of Safety Basis Development for the Savannah River Site Salt Waste Processing Facility - Inspection Criteria, Approach, and Lines of Inquiry (HSS CRAD 45-57, Rev. 0) The review will consider selected aspects of the development of safety basis for the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) to assess the extent to which safety is integrated into the design of the SWPF in accordance with DOE directives; in particular, DOE Order 420.1 B, DOE-STD-1189, and DOE-STD3009. The review will focus on a few selected safety systems, such as the Process Vessel Ventilation System (PVVS) and the Air Dilution System (ADS), and associated supporting/interfacing systems. CRAD, Review of Safety Basis Development - January 31, 2013

423

Order Module--NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentation |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentation Order Module--NNSA Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentation The familiar level of this module is divided into five sections. In the first section, we will discuss the regulation. In the second, third, and fourth sections, we will discuss the U. Department of Energy (DOE) guides for documented safety analyses (DSAs), technical safety requirements (TSRs), and unreviewed safety questions (USQs). Section 5 discusses the DOE standard related to DSAs and TSRs. We have provided several examples and practices throughout the module to help familiarize you with the material. The practices will also help prepare you for the criterion test. DOE Order Self Study Modules - 10 CFR 830 Safety Basis Documentation

424

A Report to the Secretary of Energy, Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beyond Design Basis Event Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities Office of Nuclear Safety Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy January 2013 Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary i Acronyms iv 1.0 Introduction and Purpose 1 2.0 Background 2 3.0 Pilot Evaluations of Safety Analysis, NPH, and Emergency Management Guidance 2 4.0 Insights Gained from NRC and the Nuclear Community 11 5.0 Summary of Results and Recommendations 12 6.0 Conclusions 14 Appendix A - Pilot Evaluation Team Members 15 Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations * i

425

DOE M&O Contractor Perspectives on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE M&O Contractor Perspectives on Beyond Design Basis Event DOE M&O Contractor Perspectives on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response DOE M&O Contractor Perspectives on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response September 20, 2013 Presenter: Ron Crone, Director Research Reactors Division UT-Battelle, LLC Oak Ridge National Laboratory HFIR serves a broad range of science and technology communities and will need to operate to at least 2040 until replacement capabiltiies are available DOE M&O Contractor Perspectives on Beyond Design Basis Event Analysis and Response More Documents & Publications Independent Oversight Review, Oak Ridge National Laboratory - January 2013 Preliminary Notice of Violation, Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation - EA-98-13 EIS-0373: Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Summary

426

DOE Order Self Study Modules - 10 CFR 830 Safety Basis Documentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Orders Orders Self-Study Program Safety Basis Documentation 10 CFR 830, NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT DOE G 421.1-2, IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR USE IN DEVELOPING DOCUMENTED SAFETY ANALYSES TO MEET SUBPART B OF 10 CFR 830 DOE G 423.1.1, IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR USE IN DEVELOPING TECHNICAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS DOE G 424.1-1, IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR USE IN ADDRESSING UNREVIEWED SAFETY QUESTION REQUIREMENTS DOE-STD-1104-96, REVIEW AND APPROVAL OF NUCLEAR FACILITY SAFETY BASIS DOCUMENTS (DOCUMENTED SAFETY ANALYSES AND TECHNICAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS) NNSA SERVICE CENTER Change No: 0 Safety Basis Documents Level: Familiar Date: 10/15/03 1 SAFETY BASIS DOCUMENTS FAMILIAR LEVEL OBJECTIVES Given the familiar level of this module and the resources listed below, you will be able to:

427

2010 DOE National Science Bowl庐 Photos - Basis Charter School | U.S. DOE  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Basis Charter School Basis Charter School National Science Bowl庐 (NSB) NSB Home About National Science Bowl Contacts Regional Science Bowl Coordinators National Science Bowl FAQ's Alumni Past National Science Bowl Winners Past National Science Bowl Photos National Science Bowl Logos High School Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl庐 U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov 2010 National Science Bowl Photos 2010 DOE National Science Bowl庐 Photos - Basis Charter School Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The BASIS Charter School Science Bowl team from Scottsdale, AZ explores the

428

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site The Secretary of Energy is making this 3116 Determination pursuant to Section 3116 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (NDAA) [1]. This 3116 Determination concerns the disposal of separated, solidified low-activity radioactive salt waste at the Savannah River Site (SRS) near Aiken, South Carolina. Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site More Documents & Publications EIS-0082-S2: Amended Record of Decision Notice of Availability of Section 3116 Determination for Salt Waste Disposal at the Savannah River Site

429

A Space-Time Petrov--Galerkin Certified Reduced Basis Method: Application to the Boussinesq Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a space-time certified reduced basis method for long-time integration of parametrized parabolic equations with quadratic nonlinearity which admit an affine decomposition in parameter but with no restriction on ...

Yano, Masayuki

430

Reduced Basis Approximation and a Posteriori Error Estimation for the Parametrized Unsteady Boussinesq Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present reduced basis (RB) approximations and associated rigorous a posteriori error bounds for the parametrized unsteady Boussinesq equations. The essential ingredients are Galerkin projection onto a ...

Knezevic, David J.

431

Structural basis for the transformation pathways of the sodium naproxen anhydrate-hydrate system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relationships between the crystal structures of two polymorphs of sodium naproxen dihydrate and its monohydrate and anhydrate phases provide a basis to rationalize the observed transformation pathways in the sodium (S)-naproxen anhydrate-hydrate system.

Bond, A.D.

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

432

Gaussian radial basis function neural network controller of a synchronous reluctance motor in electric motorcycle applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, a sliding mode control (SMC) design based on a Gaussian radial basis function neural network (GRBFNN) is proposed for the synchronous reluctance motor (SynRM) system in electrical motorcycle a...

Chien-An Chen; Huann-Keng Chiang; Wen-Bin Lin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Control Of Electric Motor Parameters On The Basis Of Qr- Decomposition Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Control of DC motor on the basis of QR-decomposition technique is given in this paper. Authors propose to control DC motor parameter using step-by-step method of rotor s parameters definition. The first step ...

First A. Viktor Melnikov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Structural Basis of the Green朆lue Color Switching in Proteorhodopsin as Determined by NMR Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural Basis of the Green朆lue Color Switching in Proteorhodopsin as Determined by NMR Spectroscopy ... Consequently, the S0朣1 energy gap increases, resulting in the observed blue shift. ...

Jiafei Mao; Nhu-Nguyen Do; Frank Scholz; Lenica Reggie; Michaela Mehler; Andrea Lakatos; Yean-Sin Ong; Sandra J. Ullrich; Lynda J. Brown; Richard C. D. Brown; Johanna Becker-Baldus; Josef Wachtveitl; Clemens Glaubitz

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Basis of the Oxygen Effect on X-Irradiated Drosophila Sperm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...S. VON HALLE BIOLOGY DIVISIoN, OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Communicated...firm statistical basis. Previous workers have shown that the frequency of...recovered chromatid dele- tions. These workers observed a much lower 02-He dose...

William K. Baker; Elizabeth S. Von Halle

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

http://science.energy.gov/fes Establishing the scien.fic basis for fusion energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://science.energy.gov/fes Establishing the scien.fic basis for fusion energy and plasma science goals 路 Office of Science role regarding fusion energy: establish university engagement and leadership. Fusion materials science will be an increasing

437

A mini cogeneration station constructed on the basis of a inverted gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basic process circuit of a mini cogeneration station constructed on the basis of an internal combustion engine and a inverted gasifier operating on coal fuel is developed. The optimal mode of gasifier operati...

A. M. Dubinin; E. V. Cherepanova; V. G. Tuponogov; O. A. Obozhin

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Stokes' theorem and the geometric basis for the second law of thermodynamics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stokes' theorem and the geometric basis for the second law of thermodynamics. ... A deep understanding of Stokes' theorem makes the usually difficult second law of thermodynamics easier to conceptualize. ... Thermodynamics ...

Lawrence H. Bowen

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Electronic and Lattice Vibrational Properties of BaSi2 from Density Functional Theory Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

BaSi2 is a potential thermoelectric material because of its very low thermal conductivity. Using the full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method and semiclassical Boltzmann theory, thermoelectric transp...

H. Peng; C. L. Wang; J. C. Li; R. Z. Zhang; H. C. Wang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Correlated basis function results for the Argonne models of nuclear matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Correlated basis function calculations of the binding energy, the optical potential and the self-energy of nuclear matter models based on the Argonne ?14 interaction are presented. The results obtained are compared with the existing correlated basis calculations performed for corresponding models based on the Urbana ?14 potential. The two potentials lead to significative differences in the self-energy and related quantities. The results show an overall agreement with calculations based on Brueckner-Hartree-Fock theory.

A. Fabrocini; S. Fantoni

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Efficient quantum key distribution scheme with pre-announcing the basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We devise a new quantum key distribution scheme that is more efficient than the BB84 protocol. By pre-announcing basis, Alice and Bob are more likely to use the same basis to prepare and measure the qubits, thus achieves a higher efficiency. The error analysis is revised and its security against any eavesdropping is proven briefly. Furthermore we show that, compared with the LCA scheme, our modification can be applied in more quantum channels.

Jingliang Gao; Changhua Zhu; Heling Xiao

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

442

Non-homogeneous solutions of a Coulomb Schr鰀inger equation as basis set for scattering problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce and study two-body Quasi Sturmian functions which are proposed as basis functions for applications in three-body scattering problems. They are solutions of a two-body non-homogeneous Schr鰀inger equation. We present different analytic expressions, including asymptotic behaviors, for the pure Coulomb potential with a driven term involving either Slater-type or Laguerre-type orbitals. The efficiency of Quasi Sturmian functions as basis set is numerically illustrated through a two-body scattering problem.

Del Punta, J. A.; Ambrosio, M. J.; Gasaneo, G. [Departamento de F韘ica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bah韆 Blanca, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Departamento de F韘ica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bah韆 Blanca, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Zaytsev, S. A. [Physics Department, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk 680035 (Russian Federation)] [Physics Department, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk 680035 (Russian Federation); Ancarani, L. U. [Th閛rie, Mod閘isation, Simulation, SRSMC, UMR CNRS 7565, Universit de Lorraine, 57078 Metz (France)] [Th閛rie, Mod閘isation, Simulation, SRSMC, UMR CNRS 7565, Universit de Lorraine, 57078 Metz (France)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Chromium-Catalyzed Homoaldol Equivalent Reaction, Indium-Mediated Cycloisomerization, and Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2. Stoichiometric Homoaldol Equivalent Reaction Me O Me BrMg O O Et2O, rt 74% 1 2 3 n=2 p-MeC6H4 HO Me O O+ TiCl4 (1 equiv) TiCl3 O OEt p-NO2C6H4 CO2Et OH 88% 4 5 6 7 EtO OTMS CHOO2N CH2Cl2, ?78 ?C to 0 ?C SiMe3 OSiEt3 TiCl4 (1.1 equiv... to aldehyde 17a, activated by a co-catalyst of trimethylsilyl triflate 21 forming intermediate 22 and affording the homoaldol equivalent adducts 18 in the catalytic cycle (Scheme 1.4). EtO OTMS O Ph 4 18 O O Ti OiPr OTf 17a CO2EtPh OTMS19...

Kang, Jun

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

444

MODIFYING A 60 YEAR OLD STACK SAMPLING SYSTEM TO MEET ANSI N13.1-1999 EQUIVALENCY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 291-T-1 stack was constructed in 1944 to support ongoing missions associated with the Hanford Project. Recent changes in the plant mission required a revision to the existing license of the stack that was operating as a minor emission unit. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Washington Department of Health (WDOH) deemed this revision to be a significant modification, thereby requiring the stack to operate to the ANSI N13.1-1999 sampling and monitoring requirements. Because the stack is similar to other stacks on the Hanford site, allowance was made by EPA to demonstrate equivalency to the ANSI standard via calculations in lieu of actual testing. Calculations were allowed for determining the deposition, nozzle transmission and aspiration ratios, but measurements were required for the stack flow coefficient of variation (COV). The equivalency determination was to be based on the requirements of Table 6 of the ANSI N13.1-1999 Standard.

SIMMONS, F.M.

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Bound-free pair production cross section in heavy-ion colliders from the equivalent photon approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact calculations of the electron-positron pair production by a single photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus with simultaneous capture of the electron into the K-shell are discussed for different nuclear charges. Using the equivalent photon method of Weizsaecker and Williams, a simple expression for the bound-free production of electron-positron pairs by colliding very-high-energy fully stripped heavy ions is derived for nuclei of arbitrary charge.

Andreas Aste

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

446

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuels Tax Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax or Fee A state excise tax applies to special fuels at a rate of $0.25 per gallon on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis. Special fuels include compressed

447

Processing results of 1,800 gallons of mercury and radioactively contaminated mixed waste rinse solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mercury-contaminated rinse solution (INEL waste ID{number_sign} 123; File 8 waste) was successfully treated at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). This waste was generated during the decontamination of the Heat Transfer Reactor Experiment 3 (HTRE-3) reactor shield tank. Approximately 1,800 gal of waste was generated and was placed into 33 drums. Each drum contained precipitated sludge material ranging from 1--10 in. in depth, with the average depth of about 2.5 in. The pH of each drum varied from 3--11. The bulk liquid waste had a mercury level of 7.0 mg/l, which exceeded the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) limit of 0.2 mg/l. The average liquid bulk radioactivity was about 2.1 pCi/ml, while the average sludge contamination was about 13,800 pci/g. Treatment of the waste required separation of the liquid from the sludge, filtration, pH adjustment, and ion exchange. Because of difficulties in processing, three trials were required to reduce the mercury levels to below the RCRA limit. In the first trial, insufficient filtration of the waste allowed solid particulate produced during pH adjustment to enter into the ion exchange columns and ultimately the waste storage tank. In the second trial, the waste was filtered down to 0.1 {mu} to remove all solid mercury compounds. However, before filtration could take place, a solid mercury complex dissolved and mercury levels exceeded the RCRA limit after filtration. In the third trial, the waste was filtered through 0.3-A filters and then passed through the S-920 resin to remove the dissolved mercury. The resulting solution had mercury levels at 0.0186 mg/l and radioactivity of 0.282 pCi/ml. This solution was disposed of at the TAN warm waste pond, TAN782, TSF-10.

Thiesen, B.P.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Declining fuel prices to push U.S. gasoline demand to an 8-year high In its new forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said domestic gasoline consumption this year...

449

U.S. gasoline price expected to drop further below $3 per gallon  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. households to pay an average 750 less for gasoline in 2015 In its new forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects the average U.S. household to spend 750...

450

Protocol for Enhanced Evaluations of Beyond Design Basis Events Supporting Implementation of Operating Experience Report 2013-01  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Protocol for Enhanced Evaluations of Beyond Design Basis Events Supporting Implementation of Operating Experience Report 2013-01

451

A Fourier error analysis for radial basis functions on an infinite uniform grid. Part 2: Spectral-plus is special  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A frequent claim in the radial basis function (RBF) literature is that with a wise choice of the ''shape parameter'' @a, spectrally accurate RBFs can be ''spectral-plus'' in the sense that the RBF approximation is orders of magnitude more accurate than ... Keywords: Error analysis, Gaussian radial basis functions, Interpolation, RBFs, Radial basis functions, Sinc functions, Spectral methods

John P. Boyd

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Grand Challenge for Basic and Applied Research in Hydrogen Storage...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of 1.50gasoline gallon equivalent untaxed. g Stated ambient temperature plus full solar load h Equivalent to 100,000; 200,000; and 300,000 miles respectively (current...

453

Criticality Safety Evaluations on the Use of 200-gram Pu Mass Limit for RHWM Waste Storage Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work establishes the criticality safety technical basis to increase the fissile mass limit from 120 grams to 200 grams for Type A 55-gallon drums and their equivalents. Current RHWM fissile mass limit is 120 grams Pu for Type A 55-gallon containers and their equivalent. In order to increase the Type A 55-gallon drum limit to 200 grams, a few additional criticality safety control requirements are needed on moderators, reflectors, and array controls to ensure that the 200-gram Pu drums remain criticality safe with inadvertent criticality remains incredible. The purpose of this work is to analyze the use of 200-gram Pu drum mass limit for waste storage operations in Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management (RHWM) Facilities. In this evaluation, the criticality safety controls associated with the 200-gram Pu drums are established for the RHWM waste storage operations. With the implementation of these criticality safety controls, the 200-gram Pu waste drum storage operations are demonstrated to be criticality safe and meet the double-contingency-principle requirement per DOE O 420.1.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Tax Compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are subject to excise tax imposed on a per gallon basis as...

455

Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis PURPOSE This Safety Alert provides information on a safety concern related to the identification and mitigation of events that may fall outside those analyzed in the documented safety analysis. BACKGROUND On March 11 , 2011 , the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station in Japan was damaged by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and the subsequent tsunami. While there is still a lot to be learned from the accident 路 about the adequacy of design specifications and the equipment failure modes, reports from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) have identified some key aspects of the operational emergency at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station.

456

Operating Experience Level 1 - Improving Department of Energy Capabilities for Mitigating Beyond Design Basis Events  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OE-1: 2013-01 April 2013 OE-1: 2013-01 April 2013 Improving Department of Energy Capabilities for Mitigating Beyond Design Basis Events PURPOSE: The purpose of this Operating Experience (OE) document is to (1) provide results from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration , initiatives related to beyond design basis events (BDBEs) , and (2) provide direction for enhancing capabilities for mitigating BDBEs at DOE sites . BACKGROUND: After the March 2011 Fukushima Daiich i nuclear plant accident in Japan , DOE embarked upon several initiatives to investigate the safety posture of its nuclear facilities relative to BDBEs. These initiatives included issuing Safety Bulletin 2011-01 , Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, conducting pilots to refine possible

457

CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TRU ALPHA LLWT TRU ALPHA LLWT Project CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project November 2003 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a November 2003 assessment of the Safety Basis portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Safety Basis - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project More Documents & Publications CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT

458

Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facilities, January 2013 Facilities, January 2013 Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities, January 2013 In the six months after the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in Japan, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) took several actions to review the safety of its nuclear facilities and identify situations where near-term improvements could be made. These actions and recommendations were addressed in an August 2011 report to the Secretary of Energy, Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to Beyond Design Basis Events. BDBE_Report_final.pdf More Documents & Publications Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot

459

Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste Basis for Identification of Disposal Options for R and D for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste The Used Fuel Disposition campaign (UFD) is selecting a set of geologic media for further study that spans a suite of behavior characteristics that impose a broad range of potential conditions on the design of the repository, the engineered barrier, and the waste. Salt, clay/shale, and granitic rocks represent a reasonable cross-section of behavior. Granitic rocks are also the primary basement rock to consider for deep borehole disposal. UFD is developing generic system analysis capability and general experimental data related to mined geologic disposal in the three

460

Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facilities, January 2013 Facilities, January 2013 Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities, January 2013 In the six months after the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in Japan, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) took several actions to review the safety of its nuclear facilities and identify situations where near-term improvements could be made. These actions and recommendations were addressed in an August 2011 report to the Secretary of Energy, Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to Beyond Design Basis Events. BDBE_Report_final.pdf More Documents & Publications Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The power of simplification: Operator interface with the AP1000{sup R} during design-basis and beyond design-basis events  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The AP1000{sup R} plant is an 1100-MWe pressurized water reactor with passive safety features and extensive plant simplifications that enhance construction, operation, maintenance, safety and cost. The passive safety features are designed to function without safety-grade support systems such as component cooling water, service water, compressed air or HVAC. The AP1000 passive safety features achieve and maintain safe shutdown in case of a design-basis accident for 72 hours without need for operator action, meeting the expectations provided in the European Utility Requirements and the Utility Requirement Document for passive plants. Limited operator actions may be required to maintain safe conditions in the spent fuel pool (SFP) via passive means. This safety approach therefore minimizes the reliance on operator action for accident mitigation, and this paper examines the operator interaction with the Human-System Interface (HSI) as the severity of an accident increases from an anticipated transient to a design basis accident and finally, to a beyond-design-basis event. The AP1000 Control Room design provides an extremely effective environment for addressing the first 72 hours of design-basis events and transients, providing ease of information dissemination and minimal reliance upon operator actions. Symptom-based procedures including Emergency Operating Procedures (EOPs), Abnormal Operating Procedures (AOPs) and Alarm Response Procedures (ARPs) are used to mitigate design basis transients and accidents. Use of the Computerized Procedure System (CPS) aids the operators during mitigation of the event. The CPS provides cues and direction to the operators as the event progresses. If the event becomes progressively worse or lasts longer than 72 hours, and depending upon the nature of failures that may have occurred, minimal operator actions may be required outside of the control room in areas that have been designed to be accessible using components that have been designed to be reliable in these conditions. The primary goal of any such actions is to maintain or refill the passive inventory available to cool the core, containment and spent fuel pool in the safety-related and seismically qualified Passive Containment Cooling Water Storage Tank (PCCWST). The seismically-qualified, ground-mounted Passive Containment Cooling Ancillary Water Storage Tank (PCCAWST) is also available for this function as appropriate. The primary effect of these actions would be to increase the coping time for the AP1000 during design basis events, as well as events such as those described above, from 72 hours without operator intervention to 7 days with minimal operator actions. These Operator actions necessary to protect the health and safety of the public are addressed in the Post-72 Hour procedures, as well as some EOPs, AOPs, ARPs and the Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMGs). Should the event continue to become more severe and plant conditions degrade further with indications of inadequate core cooling, the SAMGs provide guidance for strategies to address these hypothetical severe accident conditions. The AP1000 SAMG diagnoses and actions are prioritized to first utilize the AP1000 features that are expected to retain a damaged core inside the reactor vessel. Only one strategy is undertaken at any time. This strategy will be followed and its effectiveness evaluated before other strategies are undertaken. This is a key feature of both the symptom-oriented AP1000 EOPs and the AP1000 SAMGs which maximizes the probability of retaining a damaged core inside the reactor vessel and containment while minimizing the chances for confusion and human errors during implementation. The AP1000 SAMGs are simple and straight-forward and have been developed with considerable input from human factors and plant operations experts. Most importantly, and different from severe accident management strategies for other plants, the AP1000 SAMGs do not require diagnosis of the location of the core (i.e., whether reactor vessel failure has occurred). This is a fun

Williams, M. G.; Mouser, M. R.; Simon, J. B. [Westinghouse Electric Company, 1000 Westinghouse Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

On equivalence of high temperature series expansion and coupling parameter series expansion in thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coupling parameter series expansion and the high temperature series expansion in the thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids are shown to be equivalent if the interaction potential is pairwise additive. As a consequence, for the class of fluids with the potential having a hardcore repulsion, if the hard-sphere fluid is chosen as reference system, the terms of coupling parameter series expansion for radial distribution function, direct correlation function, and Helmholtz free energy follow a scaling law with temperature. The scaling law is confirmed by application to square-well fluids.

Sai Venkata Ramana, A., E-mail: asaivenk@barc.gov.in [Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

463

Structural Basis for Metal Binding Specificity: the N-terminal Cadmium Binding Domain of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In bacteria, P1-type ATPases are responsible for resistance to di- and monovalent toxic heavy metals by taking years and no common mechanism for resistance toward toxic heavy metals such as Cd(II), Zn(II), HgStructural Basis for Metal Binding Specificity: the N-terminal Cadmium Binding Domain of the P1

Scott, Robert A.

464

Reducing the Plagiarism Detection Search Space on the Basis of the Kullback-Leibler Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reducing the Plagiarism Detection Search Space on the Basis of the Kullback-Leibler Distance, jbenedi}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle/ Abstract. Automatic plagiarism detection the plagiarised fragments to their potential source. Publications on this task often assume that the search space

Rosso, Paolo

465

Object Model as the Basis of the Information Technology of Designing Complex Socio-Economic Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method of modeling complex socio-economic systems based on the object-oriented approach is considered. The method is the basis for the information technology of design and allows creating a hierarchical model of a complex system. The results of applying ... Keywords: functional relations, hierarchy of components, object-oriented model, technology of design

M. P. Silich

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

CRAD, Safety Basis- Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a November 2003 assessment of the Safety Basis portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project.

467

NASA/TM-2009-215768 A Mathematical Basis for the Safety Analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2009 NASA/TM-2009-215768 A Mathematical Basis for the Safety Analysis of Conflict Prevention, Virginia Gilles Dowek Ecole Polytechnique, France #12;NASA STI Program . . . in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA scientific

Maddalon, Jeffrey M.

468

Mutant ATP-binding RNA Aptamers Reveal the Structural Basis for Ligand Binding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mutant ATP-binding RNA Aptamers Reveal the Structural Basis for Ligand Binding Thorsten Dieckmann1, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114 USA The solution structure of the ATP-binding RNA aptamer has. The binding properties of ATP binder mutants and modi庐ed ligand molecules are explored using NMR spectroscopy

Heller, Eric

469

Using Economics as Basis for Modelling and Evaluating Software Quality Stefan Wagner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@in.tum.de Abstract The economics and cost of software quality have been discussed in software engineering for decades engineering where quality goals should have an economic reason. Also the use and content of quality modelsUsing Economics as Basis for Modelling and Evaluating Software Quality Stefan Wagner Institut f

470

The lattice Boltzmann method as a basis for ocean circulation modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lattice Boltzmann method as a basis for ocean circulation modeling by Rick Salmon1 ABSTRACT We construct a lattice Boltzmann model of a single-layer, ``reduced gravity'' ocean in a square basin Boltzmann solutions of the planetary geostrophic equations do not require a lattice with the high degree

Salmon, Rick

471

Electric Potential Estimation with Line-of-Sight Measurements Using Basis Function Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Potential Estimation with Line-of-Sight Measurements Using Basis Function Optimization is to estimate the electric potential distribution to match the drift velocity pattern. The electric potential and with real data. 1. INTRODUCTION The high-latitude ionospheric electric potential is a fun- damental

472

CRAD, Safety Basis- Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Safety Basis portion of an Operational Readiness Review at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility.

473

Bayesian fMRI Data Analysis with Sparse Spatial Basis Function Priors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian fMRI Data Analysis with Sparse Spatial Basis Function Priors Guillaume Flandin a,,1 correlation in the data. The spatial aspect of the hemodynamic response is usually taken into account indirectly, i.e. not modelled explicitly, by spatially smoothing the data with a fixed Gaussian kernel

Penny, Will

474

SolCAP PROJECT OVERVIEW The Basis of SolCAP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SolCAP PROJECT OVERVIEW The Basis of SolCAP: Leverage knowledge and resources from the Solanaceae Project Co-Directors: David Douches1, Robin Buell1, David Francis2, Allen Van Deynze3, Walter De Jong4, Lukas Mueller4 and Alexandra Stone5, Project Assistant: Kelly Zarka1 1: Michigan State University, 2

Douches, David S.

475

FinnONTO--Building the Basis for a National Semantic Web Infrastructure in Finland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FinnONTO--Building the Basis for a National Semantic Web Infrastructure in Finland Eero Hyv This article presents an overview of the National Semantic Web Ontology project in Finland (FinnONTO), 2003 service framework in Finland, and to demonstrate its usefulness in practical applications in eCulture, e

Hyv枚nen, Eero

476

Threat Modeling as a Basis for Security Requirements Suvda Myagmar Adam J. Lee William Yurcik  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Threat Modeling as a Basis for Security Requirements Suvda Myagmar Adam J. Lee William Yurcik. Prior to claiming the security of a system, it is important to iden- tify the threats to the system in question. Enumerating the threats to a system helps system architects develop realis- tic and meaningful

477

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature12775 Structural basis for Ca21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature12775 Structural basis for Ca21 selectivity of a voltage-gated calcium , Todd Scheuer1 , Ning Zheng1,2 & William A. Catterall1 Voltage-gated calcium (CaV) channels catalyse rapid, highly selective influx of Ca21 into cells despite a 70-fold higher extracellular concentration

Alford, Simon

478

Goal-oriented error estimation for reduced basis method, with application to certified sensitivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of interest computed using the reduced model is tainted by a reduction error. We present a new, efficiently- tions (PDEs). These models require input data (e.g., the physical features of the considered system papers showed that using an adapted basis could lead to a great improvement of reduction error

Boyer, Edmond

479

Structural basis for recruitment of mitochondrial fission complexes by Fis1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural basis for recruitment of mitochondrial fission complexes by Fis1 Yan Zhang and David C mitochondrial fission complex, the outer membrane protein Fis1 recruits the dynamin-related GTPase Dnm1 to mitochondria. Fis1 contains a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain and interacts with Dnm1 via the molecular

Chan, David

480

CRAD, Safety Basis- Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor Contractor ORR  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2007 assessment of the Safety Basis portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "gallon equivalent basis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

CRAD, Safety Basis- Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2007 assessment of the Safety Basis in preparation for restart of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor.

482

CRAD, Safety Basis- Y-12 Enriched Uranium Operations Oxide Conversion Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a January 2005 assessment of the Safety Basis at the Y-12 - Enriched Uranium Operations Oxide Conversion Facility.

483

Defining a Stream Restoration Body of Knowledge as a Basis for National Certification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to improving ecosystem function and enhancing aquatic biodiversity (Wohl et al. 2005). Despite the abundanceForum Defining a Stream Restoration Body of Knowledge as a Basis for National Certification Sue L-7900.0000814 Introduction The practice of stream restoration has become widely accepted as an essential component

Curran, Joanna C.

484

Evaluation of Authorization Basis Management Systems and Processes at the Pantex Plant  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 0 Evaluation of Authorization Basis Management Systems and Processes at the OVERSIGHT Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................... 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................... 4 2.0 RESULTS ......................................................................................... 6 Line Management Responsibility for Safety ................................ 6 Clear Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities ........................... 10 Competence Commensurate with Responsibility ...................... 15 Balanced Priorities ........................................................................ 18 Identification and Flowdown of Requirements.......................... 22 Hazard Analysis and Controls

485

15.1 Preliminaries: Wave Motion and Light 15.2 Experimental Basis of Energy Quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;15.1 Preliminaries: Wave Motion and Light #12;#12;#12;15.2 Experimental Basis of Energy to specific energy states. Bohr proposed that emission of light would correspond to a transition of the atoms not be explained by classical physics. Most of these involved either the absorption of light by matter

Ihee, Hyotcherl

486

Improving the hot-spot pressure and demonstrating ignition hydrodynamic equivalence in cryogenic deuterium杢ritium implosions on OMEGA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reaching ignition in direct-drive (DD) inertial confinement fusion implosions requires achieving central pressures in excess of 100 Gbar. The OMEGA laser system [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] is used to study the physics of implosions that are hydrodynamically equivalent to the ignition designs on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [J. A. Paisner et al., Laser Focus World 30, 75 (1994)]. It is shown that the highest hot-spot pressures (up to 40 Gbar) are achieved in target designs with a fuel adiabat of ? ? 4, an implosion velocity of 3.8??10{sup 7}?cm/s, and a laser intensity of ?10{sup 15}?W/cm{sup 2}. These moderate-adiabat implosions are well understood using two-dimensional hydrocode simulations. The performance of lower-adiabat implosions is significantly degraded relative to code predictions, a common feature between DD implosions on OMEGA and indirect-drive cryogenic implosions on the NIF. Simplified theoretical models are developed to gain physical understanding of the implosion dynamics that dictate the target performance. These models indicate that degradations in the shell density and integrity (caused by hydrodynamic instabilities during the target acceleration) coupled with hydrodynamics at stagnation are the main failure mechanisms in low-adiabat designs. To demonstrate ignition hydrodynamic equivalence in cryogenic implosions on OMEGA, the target-design robustness to hydrodynamic instability growth must be improved by reducing laser-coupling losses caused by cross beam energy transfer.

Goncharov, V. N.; Sangster, T. C.; Betti, R.; Boehly, T. R.; Bonino, M. J.; Collins, T. J. B.; Craxton, R. S.; Delettrez, J. A.; Edgell, D. H.; Epstein, R.; Follett, R. K.; Forrest, C. J.; Froula, D. H.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Harding, D. R.; Henchen, R. J.; Hu, S. X.; Igumenshchev, I. V.; Janezic, R.; Kelly, J. H. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); and others

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Grid and basis adaptive polynomial chaos techniques for sensitivity and uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The demand for accurate and computationally affordable sensitivity and uncertainty techniques is constantly on the rise and has become especially pressing in the nuclear field with the shift to Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty methodologies in the licensing of nuclear installations. Besides traditional, already well developed methods such as first order perturbation theory or Monte Carlo sampling Polynomial Chaos Expansion (PCE) has been given a growing emphasis in recent years due to its simple application and good performance. This paper presents new developments of the research done at TU Delft on such Polynomial Chaos (PC) techniques. Our work is focused on the Non-Intrusive Spectral Projection (NISP) approach and adaptive methods for building the PCE of responses of interest. Recent efforts resulted in a new adaptive sparse grid algorithm designed for estimating the PC coefficients. The algorithm is based on Gerstner's procedure for calculating multi-dimensional integrals but proves to be computationally significantly cheaper, while at the same it retains a similar accuracy as the original method. More importantly the issue of basis adaptivity has been investigated and two techniques have been implemented for constructing the sparse PCE of quantities of interest. Not using the traditional full PC basis set leads to further reduction in computational time since the high order grids necessary for accurately estimating the near zero expansion coefficients of polynomial basis vectors not needed in the PCE can be excluded from the calculation. Moreover the sparse PC representation of the response is easier to handle when used for sensitivity analysis or uncertainty propagation due to the smaller number of basis vectors. The developed grid and basis adaptive methods have been implemented in Matlab as the Fully Adaptive Non-Intrusive Spectral Projection (FANISP) algorithm and were tested on four analytical problems. These show consistent good performance both in terms of the accuracy of the resulting PC representation of quantities and the computational costs associated with constructing the sparse PCE. Basis adaptivity also seems to make the employment of PC techniques possible for problems with a higher number of input parameters (1520), alleviating a well known limitation of the traditional approach. The prospect of larger scale applicability and the simplicity of implementation makes such adaptive PC algorithms particularly appealing for the sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of complex systems and legacy codes.

Perk, Zolt醤, E-mail: Z.Perko@tudelft.nl; Gilli, Luca, E-mail: Gilli@nrg.eu; Lathouwers, Danny, E-mail: D.Lathouwers@tudelft.nl; Kloosterman, Jan Leen, E-mail: J.L.Kloosterman@tudelft.nl

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2005-2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2005-2009 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year .... 425,887 440,516 452,945 R 476,652 493,100 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 494,748 509,577 483,238 R 442,265 420,197 From Oil Wells ................................................ 169,476 156,860 164,759 R 162,742 164,611 From Coalbed Wells ....................................... NA NA 50,400 R 56,249 55,990 From Shale Gas Wells .................................... NA NA NA 64,682 95,811 Total ................................................................. 664,223 666,438 698,397 R 725,938 736,609

489

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2004-2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2004-2008 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year .... 406,147 425,887 440,516 R 452,945 478,562 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 506,454 494,748 509,577 R 483,238 510,019 From Oil Wells ................................................ 172,292 169,476 156,860 R 164,759 165,506 From Coalbed Wells ....................................... NA NA NA 50,400 53,757 Total ................................................................. 678,746 664,223 666,438 R 698,397 729,282 Repressuring .................................................... 104,819 104,759

490

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2003-2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2003-2007 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year .... 393,327 406,147 425,887 R 440,516 452,768 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 506,356 506,454 494,748 R 509,577 530,629 From Oil Wells ................................................ 176,617 172,292 169,476 R 156,860 165,699 Total ................................................................. 682,973 678,746 664,223 R 666,438 696,328 Repressuring .................................................... 100,462 104,819 104,759 92,453 107,274 Vented and Flared ............................................

491

Method to determine the position-dependant metal correction factor for dose-rate equivalent laser testing of semiconductor devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method reconstructs the charge collection from regions beneath opaque metallization of a semiconductor device, as determined from focused laser charge collection response images, and thereby derives a dose-rate dependent correction factor for subsequent broad-area, dose-rate equivalent, laser measurements. The position- and dose-rate dependencies of the charge-collection magnitude of the device are determined empirically and can be combined with a digital reconstruction methodology to derive an accurate metal-correction factor that permits subsequent absolute dose-rate response measurements to be derived from laser measurements alone. Broad-area laser dose-rate testing can thereby be used to accurately determine the peak transient current, dose-rate response of semiconductor devices to penetrating electron, gamma- and x-ray irradiation.

Horn, Kevin M.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

492

Equivalence of finite difference approximation and digital waveguide modeling for lossless, nondispersive media in one to three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The finite difference approximation method is commonly used to convert a differential equation into a recursive computation for computer simulation of an acoustic medium. Less well known is the digital waveguidemodeling approach to the same problem which is based on simulating the propagation of sampled traveling waves in the medium and which implements losses and dispersion using digital filters applied to the traveling waves [Comput. Music. J. 7491 (Winter 1992)]. It turns out the two methods are equivalent in rectilinear coordinates in one two and three dimensions in the lossless nondispersive case provided the spatial sampling interval is chosen to be a specific constant (c in the one?dimensional case) times the temporal sampling interval. Since the digital waveguide simulation technique requires far less computational effort it can be used to both accelerate and increase the accuracy of numerical simulations of acoustic media.

Julius O. Smith III; Scott A. Van Duyne

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2002-2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2002-2006 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year .................................. 387,772 393,327 406,147 R 425,887 448,641 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 503,894 506,356 506,454 R 494,748 508,075 From Oil Wells ................................................ 174,047 176,617 172,292 R 169,476 157,583 Total ................................................................. 677,942 682,973 678,746 R 664,223 665,657 Repressuring .................................................... 97,839 100,462 104,819 R 104,759 92,453 Vented and Flared

494

Predicting the yield of coking byproducts on the basis of elementary and petrographic analysis of the coal batch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mathematical models are developed for predicting the yield of coking byproducts on the basis of elementary and petrographic analysis of the coal batch.

M. B. Golovko; I. D. Drozdnik; D. V. Miroshnichenko; Yu. S. Kaftan

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Materials and Security Consolidation Complex Facilities Radioactive Waste Management Basis and DOE Manual 435.1-1 Compliance Tables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Department of Energy Order 435.1, 'Radioactive Waste Management,' along with its associated manual and guidance, requires development and maintenance of a radioactive waste management basis for each radioactive waste management facility, operation, and activity. This document presents a radioactive waste management basis for Idaho National Laboratory's Materials and Security Consolidation Center facilities that manage radioactive waste. The radioactive waste management basis for a facility comprises existing laboratory-wide and facility-specific documents. Department of Energy Manual 435.1-1, 'Radioactive Waste Management Manual,' facility compliance tables also are presented for the facilities. The tables serve as a tool for developing the radioactive waste management basis.

Not Listed

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Materials and Fuels Complex Facilities Radioactive Waste Management Basis and DOE Manual 435.1-1 Compliance Tables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Department of Energy Order 435.1, 'Radioactive Waste Management,' along with its associated manual and guidance, requires development and maintenance of a radioactive waste management basis for each radioactive waste management facility, operation, and activity. This document presents a radioactive waste management basis for Idaho National Laboratory's Materials and Fuels Complex facilities that manage radioactive waste. The radioactive waste management basis for a facility comprises existing laboratory-wide and facility-specific documents. Department of Energy Manual 435.1-1, 'Radioactive Waste Management Manual,' facility compliance tables also are presented for the facilities. The tables serve as a tool for developing the radioactive waste management basis.

Lisa Harvego; Brion Bennett

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Bonding, Backbonding, and Spin-Polarized Molecular Orbitals: Basis for Magnetism and Semiconducting Transport in V[TCNE]x~;;2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orbitals: Basis for Magnetism and Semiconducting Transportand photo-induced magnetism [6, 7]. These novel propertiesthe former LUMO splitting. Magnetism and activated transport

Kortright, Jeffrey B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A Multicellular Basis for the Origination of Blast Crisis in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multicellular Basis for the Origination of Blast Crisis in Multicellular Basis for the Origination of Blast Crisis in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Philip Hahnfeldt 1 , Lynn Hlatky 1 , Rainer Sachs 2 1 Center of Cancer Systems Biology, St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; and 2 Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, CA Among radiation-induced cancers, some leukemias, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have especially high excess relative risks. CML, sporadic or radiogenic, is also thought to be comparatively very well understood. Accordingly, CML is considered an important model for assessing radiogenic cancer risk. CML is characterized by a specific chromosome translocation, the BCR-ABL fusion gene, and it has been widely postulated that an advanced

499

Lawrence Livermore National Laborotory Safety Basis Assessment Final February 11, 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Safety Basis Assessment INTRODUCTION This site visit report documents the collective results of the review of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) safety basis processes and discusses its scope, objective, results and conclusions. Appendix A provides lists of the documents, interviews, and observations and Appendix B includes the plan for the review. This combined assessment was sponsored by the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) Livermore Site Office (LSO) and conducted jointly by staff from the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) and LSO. The review was conducted in late 2010 and included site visits from November 29 - December 3, 2010 and December 13-17, 2010. Overall, the LLNL programs

500

Review of Safety Basis Development for the Savannah River Site Salt Waste Processing Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of5 of5 U.S. Department of Energy Subject: Review of Safety Basis Development for the Savannah River Site Salt Waste Processing Facility - Inspection Criteria, Approach, and Line:~ HS: Rev: Eff. Date: HSS CRAD 45-57 0 January 31,2013 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Acting Direc or, Office of Sifety and Emergency Management Evaluations Date: January 31, 2013 Criteria Review and Approach Document LL.v. ~路M Criteria Lead:ife\riew of Safety Basis Development for the Savannah River Site Salt Waste Processing Facility Page 1 of 5 Date: January 31, 2013 1.0 PURPOSE Within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), the Office of Enforcement and Oversight, Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations (HS-45) mission is to assess the effectiveness of the