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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Pricing and hedging Asian basket spread options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asian options, basket options and spread options have been extensively studied in the literature. However, few papers deal with the problem of pricing general Asian basket spread options. This paper aims to fill this gap. In order to obtain prices and ... Keywords: 91G20, Asian basket spread option, Moment matching, Non-comonotonic sum, Shifted log-extended skew normal law

Griselda Deelstra; Alexandre Petkovic; Michèle Vanmaele

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

NYMEX Futures Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NYMEX Futures Prices NYMEX Futures Prices (Crude Oil in Dollars per Barrel, All Others in Dollars per Gallon) Period: Daily Weekly Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/ Contract 12/10/13 12/11/13 12/12/13 12/13/13 12/16/13 12/17/13 View History Crude Oil (Light-Sweet, Cushing, Oklahoma) Contract 1 98.51 97.44 97.5 96.6 97.48 97.22 1983-2013 Contract 2 98.66 97.72 97.82 96.93 97.77 97.47 1985-2013 Contract 3 98.58 97.72 97.77 96.91 97.7 97.36 1983-2013 Contract 4 98.19 97.39 97.42 96.55 97.28 96.92 1985-2013 Reformulated Regular Gasoline (New York Harbor) Contract 1 1985-2006 Contract 2 1994-2006 Contract 3 1984-2006 Contract 4 1994-2006 RBOB Regular Gasoline (New York Harbor)

3

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

120313 View History Spot Price Henry Hub 3.871 3.871 3.871 3.853 1997-2013 Futures Prices Contract 1 3.818 3.895 3.895 3.954 3.988 3.976 1994-2013 Contract 2 3.864 3.899 3.899...

4

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13 View History Spot Price Henry Hub 3.69 3.55 3.47 3.62 3.68 3.87 1997-2013 Futures Prices Contract 1 3.64 3.56 3.50 3.60 3.66 3.87 1994-2013 Contract 2 3.76 3.65 3.57 3.65 3.71...

5

Spread narrows between Brent and WTI crude oil benchmark prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Spot prices for benchmarks West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and North Sea Brent crude oil neared parity of around $109 per barrel July 19, and the Brent-WTI spread was ...

6

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.0 2.75 1997-2012 NGL Composite 12.91 15.20 8.99 11.83 15.12 10.98 2007-2012 Futures Prices Contract 1 7.114 8.899 4.159 4.382 4.03 2.83 1994-2012 Contract 2 7.359 9.014 4.428...

7

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.62 3.43 3.62 3.68 1997-2013 NGL Composite 9.48 9.06 9.57 10.21 2009-2013 Futures Prices Contract 1 4.07 3.81 3.64 3.41 3.62 3.65 1994-2013 Contract 2 4.11 3.82 3.64 3.45 3.70...

8

September 2000Forecasting Future Variance from Option Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it is widely believed that option prices provide the best possible forecasts of the future variance of the assets which underlie them, a large body of empirical evidence concludes that option prices consistently yield biased forecasts of future variance. The prevailing interpretation of these findings is that option investors may be forming unbiased forecasts of the future variance of underlying assets but that these unbiased forecasts fail to get impounded into option prices because of either (1) the difficulty of carrying out the necessary arbitrage strategies that would force the prices to their proper levels, or (2) the availability to market makers of lucrative alternative strategies in which they simply profit from the large bid-ask spreads in the options markets. This interpretation has significant consequences for nearly the entire range of option pricing research, since it implies that non-continuous trading, bid-ask spreads, and other market imperfections substantially influence option prices. This implication is important, both because incorporating these types of market imperfections into option pricing models is much more difficult than, for example, altering the dynamics of the underlying asset and also because it suggests that researchers cannot learn about option investor expectations by filtering option

Allen M. Poteshman; Mark R. Manfredo; Allen M. Poteshman; Allen M. Poteshman; Champaign Helpful; Jegadeesh Narasimhan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Forecasting future volatility from option prices, Working  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weisbach are gratefully acknowledged. I bear full responsibility for all remaining errors. Forecasting Future Volatility from Option Prices Evidence exists that option prices produce biased forecasts of future volatility across a wide variety of options markets. This paper presents two main results. First, approximately half of the forecasting bias in the S&P 500 index (SPX) options market is eliminated by constructing measures of realized volatility from five minute observations on SPX futures rather than from daily closing SPX levels. Second, much of the remaining forecasting bias is eliminated by employing an option pricing model that permits a non-zero market price of volatility risk. It is widely believed that option prices provide the best forecasts of the future volatility of the assets which underlie them. One reason for this belief is that option prices have the ability to impound all publicly available information – including all information contained in the history of past prices – about the future volatility of the underlying assets. A second related reason is that option pricing theory maintains that if an option prices fails to embody optimal forecasts of the future volatility of the underlying asset, a profitable trading strategy should be available whose implementation would push the option price to the level that reflects the best possible forecast of future volatility.

Allen M. Poteshman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daily price history of 1st-nearby NYMEX natural gas futuresNatural Gas Futures Prices F igure 1 focuses on the historynatural gas prices. Figure 1 shows the daily price history

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range of different plausible price projections, using eitherthat renewables can provide price certainty over even longerof AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 21, 2009 ... Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation for ... The EFV curves are used to define bid prices on bundles of resources ...

13

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daily price history of 1st-nearby NYMEX natural gas futuresNatural Gas Futures Prices Figure 1 focuses on the historythe daily history of the average 5-year natural gas futures

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AEO 2005 reference case oil price forecast and NYMEX oi lthan the reference case oil price forecast for that year. Inoil futures case” where oil prices are based on the NYMEX

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forecasts (or any other forecast, for that matter) in makingcase natural gas price forecast, but to also examine a wideAEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Priceslong-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series toAEO reference-case gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a portion of the gas price forecast – through 2010 – can beAEO 2006 reference case forecast to conduct a 25-yearAEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9: Two Alternative Price Forecasts (denoted by open circlesAEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Priceslong-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the EIA’s natural gas price forecasts in AEO 2004 and AEOon the AEO 2005 natural gas price forecasts will likely onceof AEO 2005 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this “hybrid” NYMEX-EIA gas price projection still does notonly a portion of the gas price forecast – through 2010 –of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 9: Two Alternative Price Forecasts (denoted by openComparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast toNYMEX Futures Prices Date: December 6, 2006 Introduction On

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Oil futures prices in a production economy with investment constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We document a new stylized fact regarding the term structure of futures volatility. We show that the relationship between the volatility of futures prices and the slope of the term structure of prices is non-monotone and ...

Kogan, Leonid

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daily price history of 1st-nearby NYMEX natural gas futuresthe daily history of the average 5-year natural gas futuresNatural Gas Futures Prices F igure 1 focuses on the history

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy futures markets are ‘hubs’ that price and marketenergy price fluctuations. In theory, futures market pricesenergy prices, including most prominently, energy futures markets.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Second Price Component: Spread Impacted by Distillate Supply/Demand Balance  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: While crude oil prices will be a major factor impacting distillate prices this winter, another important factor is the U.S. distillate supply/demand balance, as measured by distillate stocks. The distillate supply/demand balance influences the spread between spot distillate and spot crude oil prices. For example, when stocks are higher than normal, the spread will be lower than usual. This spread is the price incentive that encourages or discourages changes in supply. While high stocks in the distillate market are good news for consumers, an excess is bad news for refiners. Distillate spreads during the winter of 1998-99 and throughout most of 1999 were well below average. Distillate stocks were very high during this period, partially as a result of warm weather keeping demand down.

26

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

longer-term market-based forecasts that can be used to more-AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Priceslong-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

late January 2008, extend its natural gas futures strip anComparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXs reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Assessment of Prices of Natural Gas Futures Contracts As A Predictor of Realized Spot Prices, An  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article compares realized Henry Hub spot market prices for natural gas during the three most recent winters with futures prices as they evolve from April through the following February, when trading for the March contract ends.

Lejla Alic

2005-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

29

Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Vary With Seasons and Supply/Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Of course, petroleum product prices don't move in lockstep to crude oil prices, for a number of reasons. We find it useful to look at variations in the spread between product and crude oil prices, in this case comparing spot market prices for each. The difference between heating oil and crude oil spot prices tends to vary seasonally; that is, it's generally higher in the winter, when demand for distillate fuels is higher due to heating requirements, and lower in the summer. (Gasoline, as we'll see later, generally does the opposite.) However, other factors affecting supply and demand, including the relative severity of winter weather, can greatly distort these "typical" seasonal trends. As seen on this chart, the winters of 1995-96 and 1996-97 featured

30

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

against the risk of energy price fluctuations. In theory,The poor track record of energy price forecasting models hasof information about future energy prices, including most

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy price fluctuations. In theory, futures market prices summarize privately available informationEnergy; Brookhaven National Laboratory Canadian Energy Research Institute U.S. Energy Information Administration Energy Marketsinformation about future energy prices, including most prominently, energy futures markets.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

SciTech Connect

On December 14, 2009, the reference-case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2010 were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables can play in itigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO reference-case gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings.

Bolinger, Mark A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

Price distortions in the commodity futures markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Speculation is not monolithic; it comes in many forms. A certain level of speculation is required for commodity futures markets to function. On the other hand, certain types of trading activities by speculators may damage ...

Helfrich, Devin B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Free: The Future of a Radical Price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The New York Times bestselling author heralds the future of business in Free. In his revolutionary bestseller, The Long Tail, Chris Anderson demonstrated how the online marketplace creates niche markets, allowing products and consumers to connect in ...

Chris Anderson

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise trader sentiment model of De Long, Shleifer, Summers, and Waldmann (1990a) is applied to futures markets. The theoretical results predict that overly optimistic (pessimistic) noise traders result in market prices that are greater (less) than fundamental value. Thus, returns can be predicted using the level of noise trader sentiment. The null rational expectations hypothesis is tested against the noise trader alternative using a commercial market sentiment index as a proxy for noise trader sentiment. Fama-MacBeth cross-sectional regressions test if noise traders create a systematic bias in futures prices. The time-series predictability of futures returns using known sentiment levels is tested in a Cumby-Modest market timing framework and a more general causality specification. The empirical results lead to the following conclusions. First, there is no evidence that noise trader sentiment creates a systematic bias in futures prices. Second, predictable market returns using noise trader sentiment is not characteristic of futures markets in general. Third, futures market returns at weekly intervals are characterized by low-order positive autocorrelation with relatively small autoregressive parameters. In those instances where there is evidence of noise trader effects, it is at best limited to isolated markets and particular specifications. Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior

Dwight R. S; Scott H. Irwin; Raymond M. Leuthold; Dwight R. S; Ers Is Manager

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futures Market andSTEO Error A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futures Market andforecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the Energy

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Energy Spot Price Models and Spread Options Pricing Samuel Hikspoors and Sebastian Jaimungal a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and calibrate our model to the NYMEX Light Sweet Crude Oil spot and futures data, allowing us to extract curves. Adding a perturbation on top of this first order model allows us to correct some

Jaimungal, Sebastian

38

Forecasting Model for Crude Oil Price Using Artificial Neural Networks and Commodity Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a model based on multilayer feedforward neural network to forecast crude oil spot price direction in the short-term, up to three days ahead. A great deal of attention was paid on finding the optimal ANN model structure. In addition, several methods of data pre-processing were tested. Our approach is to create a benchmark based on lagged value of pre-processed spot price, then add pre-processed futures prices for 1, 2, 3,and four months to maturity, one by one and also altogether. The results on the benchmark suggest that a dynamic model of 13 lags is the optimal to forecast spot price direction for the short-term. Further, the forecast accuracy of the direction of the market was 78%, 66%, and 53% for one, two, and three days in future conclusively. For all the experiments, that include futures data as an input, the results show that on the short-term, futures prices do hold new information on the spot price direction. The results obtained will generate comprehensive understanding of the cr...

Kulkarni, Siddhivinayak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices  

SciTech Connect

On December 12, 2005, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2006'' (AEO 2006) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past five years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past five years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2006. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past five AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2005), we once again find that the AEO 2006 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEX-AEO 2006 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$2.3/MMBtu levelized over five years--that we have seen over the last six years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $2.3/MMBtu more than the AEO 2006 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On December 12, 2005, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2006'' (AEO 2006) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past five years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past five years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2006. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past five AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2005), we once again find that the AEO 2006 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEX-AEO 2006 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$2.3/MMBtu levelized over five years--that we have seen over the last six years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $2.3/MMBtu more than the AEO 2006 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On December 5, 2006, the reference case projections from 'Annual Energy Outlook 2007' (AEO 2007) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past six years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past six years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable-price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are 'biased' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2007. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past six AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2006), we once again find that the AEO 2007 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. Specifically, the NYMEX-AEO 2007 premium is $0.73/MMBtu levelized over five years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $0.73/MMBtu more than the AEO 2007 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

42

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

SciTech Connect

On December 9, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005)'' were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. As some of you may be aware, we at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past four years, forward natural gas contracts (e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past four years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation (presuming that long-term price stability is valued). In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2005. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or, more recently (and briefly), http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past four AEO releases (AEO 2001-AE0 2004), we once again find that the AEO 2005 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEXAEO 2005 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$1.11/MMBtu levelized over six years--that we have seen over the last five years. In other words, on average, one would have to pay $1.11/MMBtu more than the AEO 2005 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming six years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation. Fixed-price renewables obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of six years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On December 9, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005)'' were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. As some of you may be aware, we at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past four years, forward natural gas contracts (e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past four years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation (presuming that long-term price stability is valued). In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2005. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or, more recently (and briefly), http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past four AEO releases (AEO 2001-AE0 2004), we once again find that the AEO 2005 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEXAEO 2005 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$1.11/MMBtu levelized over six years--that we have seen over the last five years. In other words, on average, one would have to pay $1.11/MMBtu more than the AEO 2005 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming six years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation. Fixed-price renewables obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of six years.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

44

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

index.html. Appendix A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for FuturesError STEO Error A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futuresof forecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On December 12, 2007, the reference-case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO 2008) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables can play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO reference-case gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. Note that this memo pertains only to natural gas fuel price risk (i.e., the risk that natural gas prices might differ over the life of a gas-fired generation asset from what was expected when the decision to build the gas-fired unit was made). We do not take into consideration any of the other distinct attributes of gas-fired and renewable generation, such as dispatchability (or lack thereof) or environmental externalities. A comprehensive comparison of different resource types--which is well beyond the scope of this memo--would need to account for differences in all such attributes, including fuel price risk. Furthermore, our analysis focuses solely on natural-gas-fired generation (as opposed to coal-fired generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price volatility has been more of a concern for natural gas than for other fuels used to generate power; (2) for environmental and other reasons, natural gas has, in recent years, been the fuel of choice among power plant developers (though its appeal has diminished somewhat as prices have increased); and (3) natural gas-fired generators often set the market clearing price in competitive wholesale power markets throughout the United States. That said, a more-complete analysis of how renewables mitigate fuel price risk would also need to consider coal and other fuel prices. Finally, we caution readers about drawing inferences or conclusions based solely on this memo in isolation: to place the information contained herein within its proper context, we strongly encourage readers interested in this issue to read through our previous, more-detailed studies, available at http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf.

Bolinger, Mark A; Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

46

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

SciTech Connect

On December 17, 2008, the reference-case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (AEO 2009) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables can play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO reference-case gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. Note that this memo pertains only to natural gas fuel price risk (i.e., the risk that natural gas prices might differ over the life of a gas-fired generation asset from what was expected when the decision to build the gas-fired unit was made). We do not take into consideration any of the other distinct attributes of gas-fired and renewable generation, such as dispatchability (or lack thereof), differences in capital costs and O&M expenses, or environmental externalities. A comprehensive comparison of different resource types--which is well beyond the scope of this memo--would need to account for differences in all such attributes, including fuel price risk. Furthermore, our analysis focuses solely on natural-gas-fired generation (as opposed to coal-fired or nuclear generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price volatility has been more of a concern for natural gas than for other fuels used to generate power; (2) for environmental and other reasons, natural gas has, in recent years, been the fuel of choice among power plant developers; and (3) natural gas-fired generators often set the market clearing price in competitive wholesale power markets throughout the United States. That said, a more-complete analysis of how renewables mitigate fuel price risk would also need to consider coal, uranium, and other fuel prices. Finally, we caution readers about drawing inferences or conclusions based solely on this memo in isolation: to place the information contained herein within its proper context, we strongly encourage readers interested in this issue to read through our previous, more-detailed studies, available at http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXcase long-term natural gas price forecasts from theto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXcase long-term natural gas price forecasts from theto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXcase long-term natural gas price forecasts from theto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXcase long-term natural gas price forecasts from theto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approach to evaluating price risk would be to use suchthe base-case natural gas price forecast, but to alsorange of different plausible price projections, using either

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this “hybrid” NYMEX-EIA gas price projection still does notcomparison with fixed- price renewable generation (becauseonly a portion of the gas price forecast – through 2010 –

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX) - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The natural gas liquids (NGL) composite price is derived from daily Bloomberg spot price data for natural gas liquids at Mont Belvieu, Texas, ...

54

Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFV curves are used to define bid prices on bundles of resources directly, ... bid price is generated for each bundle, and a request to purchase the bundle is ...

55

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daily price history of 1st-nearby NYMEX natural gas futuresthe daily history of the average 5-year natural gas futuresnatural gas prices. Figure 1 shows the daily price history

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daily price history of 1st-nearby NYMEX natural gas futuresthe daily history of the average 5-year natural gas futuresnatural gas prices. Figure 1 shows the daily price history

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

revisions to the EIA’s natural gas price forecasts in AEOon the AEO 2005 natural gas price forecasts will likely onceComparison of AEO 2005 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to estimate the base-case natural gas price forecast, but toComparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXcase long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futurescase long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEOto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futurescase long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEOto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futurescase long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEOto contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the base-case natural gas price forecast, but to alsoof AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futurescase long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXs reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts fromAEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXs reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts fromAEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

revisions to the EIA’s natural gas price forecasts in AEOsolely on the AEO 2005 natural gas price forecasts willComparison of AEO 2005 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to estimate the base-case natural gas price forecast, but toComparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXs reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEXs reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts fromAEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

renewables can provide price certainty over longer terms. In6 This additiona l level of price discovery in longer-datedreplicate the long-term price stability that renewables can

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the EIA’s natural gas price forecasts in AEO 2004 and AEOcost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generationwith variable price gas-fired generation that are based

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

need to consider coal and other fuel prices. This work wascoal-fired generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consider coal, uranium, and other fuel prices. This workcoal-fired or nuclear generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consider coal, uranium, and other fuel prices. Finally,coal-fired or nuclear generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Oil futures price curve has steepened over the past six months ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil futures contracts allow crude to be bought and sold for delivery at specific dates in the future, meaning market participants can lock in a price today for ...

74

Spread between WTI and Brent prices narrows on signs of easing ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... the spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil increased $23 per barrel partly on signs that transportation constraints out of the U.S. Midwest, ...

75

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX) - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are based on ...

76

Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX) - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are based on ...

77

An Assessment of Prices of Natural Gas Futures Contracts As  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

generally used as a financial risk management and ... explicitly encourage this view. ... The diamond-shaped points represent the average monthly spot prices at the ...

78

From: Mark Bolinger and Ryan Wiser, Berkeley Lab (LBNL) Subject: Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices Date: January 4, 2010 1. Introduction, compared the EIA's reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better

79

Hedging Future Gas Price Risk with Wind Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prices: By displacing gas-fired generation, incremental wind generation reduces demand for natural gas Department Increased Renewables Penetration Displaces Natural Gas Demand Projected Gas Displacement in 2020 Energy Technologies Division · Energy Analysis Department Natural Gas Prices Are High and Volatile 0 2 4

80

What Do We Learn from the Price of Crude Oil Futures?” working paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Based on a two-country, multi-period general equilibrium model of the spot and futures markets for crude oil, we show that there is no theoretical support for the common view that oil futures prices are accurate predictors of the spot price in the mean-squared prediction error (MSPE) sense; yet under certain conditions there is support for the view that oil futures prices are unbiased predictors. Our empirical analysis documents that futures-based forecasts typically are less accurate than the no-change forecast and biased, although the bias is small. Much of the MSPE is driven by the variability of the futures price about the expected spot price, as captured by the basis. Empirically, the fluctuations in the oil futures basis are larger and more persistent than fluctuations in the basis of foreign exchange futures. Within the context of our theoretical model, this anomaly can be explained by the marginal convenience yield of oil inventories. We show that increased uncertainty about future oil supply shortfalls under plausible assumptions causes the basis to decline and precautionary demand for crude oil to increase, resulting in an immediate increase in the real spot price that is not necessarily associated with an accumulation of oil inventories. Our main result is that the negative of the basis may be viewed as an index of fluctuations in the price of crude oil driven by precautionary demand for oil. An empirical analysis of this index provides independent evidence of how shifts in market expectations about future oil supply shortfalls affect the spot price of crude oil. Such expectation shifts have been difficult to quantify, yet have been shown to play an important role in explaining oil price fluctuations. Our empirical results are consistent with related evidence in the literature obtained by alternative methodologies.

Ron Alquist; Lutz Kilian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Past, present and future evolution of oil prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reviews how oil price has evolved throughout time since it was discovered and commercially exploited in 1859 in Pennsylvania. Rather than a pure economic study, this thesis illustrates how major historic and ...

Corsetti, Manuel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Futures Markets and the Reservation Price of Stumpage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are out of date. lumber and plywood prices to adjust theselength 2x4 full of random lumber (or 1/2 1• COX plywood forthe plywood contract) delivered in a specific place,

Berck, Peter; Bible, Thomas

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Spark Spread  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Spark Spread Spark Spread Figure 1 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on SNL Energy. The spark spread is a common metric for estimating the profitability of natural gas-fired electric generators. The spark spread is the difference between the price received by a generator for electricity produced and the cost of the natural gas needed to produce that electricity. It is typically calculated using daily spot prices for natural gas and power at various regional trading points. The chart above shows spark spreads during 2012, calculated for four locations around the United States. Spark spreads tend to be fairly volatile, more so than crack spreads in petroleum markets, largely because of the volatility of wholesale electric power prices, which vary widely

84

WTI-Brent crude oil price spread has reached unseen levels | U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Have a question, comment, or suggestion for a future article? Send your feedback to todayinenergy@eia.gov

85

Future world oil prices: modeling methodologies and summary of recent forecasts  

SciTech Connect

This paper has three main objectives. First, the various methodologies that have been developed to explain historical oil price changes and forecast future price trends are reviewed and summarized. Second, the paper summarizes recent world oil price forecasts, and, then possible, discusses the methodologies used in formulating those forecasts. Third, utilizing conclusions from the reviews of the modeling methodologies and the recent price forecasts, in combination with an assessment of recent and projected oil market trends, oil price projections are given for the time period 1987 to 2022. The paper argues that modeling methodologies have undergone significant evolution during the past decade as modelers increasingly recognize the complex and constantly changing structure of the world oil market. Unfortunately, at this point in time a consensus about the appropriate methodology to use in formulating oil price forecasts is yet to be reached. There is, however, a general movement toward the opinion that both economic and political factors should be considered when making price projections. Likewise, there is no consensus about future oil price trends. Forecasts differ widely. However, in general, forecasts have been adjusted downwardly in recent years. Further, an overall assessment of the forecasts and recent oil market trends suggests that oil prices will remain constant in real terms for the remainder of the 1980s. Real oil prices are expected to increase by between 2 and 3% during the 1990s and beyond. Forecasters are quick to point out, however, that all forecasts are subject to significant uncertainty. 69 references, 3 figures, 10 tables.

Curlee, T.R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Probabilities of Possible Future Prices (Released in the STEO April 2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

EIA introduced a monthly analysis of energy price volatility and forecast uncertainty inthe October 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Included in the analysis werecharts portraying confidence intervals around the New York Mercantile Exchange(NYMEX) futures prices of West Texas Intermediate (equivalent to light sweet crude oil)and Henry Hub natural gas contracts.

Information Center

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Winter (November-March) natural gas futures prices at lowest ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Henry Hub, in Erath, Louisiana, is the physical delivery location for the NYMEX natural gas futures contract. Sabine Pipeline is the operator of the Henry Hub.

88

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models andFutures Markets  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this article is to compare the accuracy of forecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the Energy Information Administration's Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) and the futures market for the period from 1998 to 2003. The analysis tabulates the existing data and develops a statistical comparison of the error between STEO and U.S. wellhead natural gas prices and between Henry Hub and U.S. wellhead spot prices. The results indicate that, on average, Henry Hub is a better predictor of natural gas prices with an average error of 0.23 and a standard deviation of 1.22 than STEO with an average error of -0.52 and a standard deviation of 1.36. This analysis suggests that as the futures market continues to report longer forward prices (currently out to five years), it may be of interest to economic modelers to compare the accuracy of their models to the futures market. The authors would especially like to thank Doug Hale of the Energy Information Administration for supporting and reviewing this work.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

89

Estimating the effect of future oil prices on petroleum engineering project investment yardsticks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study proposes two methods, (1) a probabilistic method based on historical oil prices and (2) a method based on Gaussian simulation, to model future prices of oil. With these methods to model future oil prices, we can calculate the ranges of uncertainty in traditional probability indicators based on cash flow analysis, such as net present values, net present value to investment ratio and internal rate of return. We found that conventional methods used to quantify uncertainty which use high, low and base prices produce uncertainty ranges far narrower than those observed historically. These methods fail because they do not capture the "shocks" in oil prices that arise from geopolitical events or supply-demand imbalances. Quantifying uncertainty is becoming increasingly important in the petroleum industry as many current investment opportunities in reservoir development require large investments, many in harsh exploration environments, with intensive technology requirements. Insight into the range of uncertainty, particularly for downside, may influence our investment decision in these difficult areas.

Mendjoge, Ashish V

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

91

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

92

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

93

Spark Spread - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The spark spread is a common metric for estimating the profitability of natural gas-fired electric generators. The spark spread is the difference between the price ...

94

Using futures prices to filter short-term volatility and recover a latent, long-term price series for oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices are very volatile. But much of this volatility seems to reflect short-term,transitory factors that may have little or no influence on the price in the long run. Many major investment decisions should be guided ...

Herce, Miguel Angel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Does property market risks matter in commercial mortgage loan pricing : an inquiry into the determinants of commercial mortgage loan spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study takes a quantitative approach to test the determinants of commercial mortgage loan pricing at origination. The determinants include capital market risk, property market risks, mortgage terms and property ...

Wang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

WORKING PAPER SERIESFEDERAL RESERVE BANK of ATLANTA WORKING PAPER SERIES Trading Institutions and Price Discovery: The Cash and Futures Markets for Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We provide substantial evidence that the futures market for West Texas Intermediate crude oil increased the short-term volatility of the cash price of crude oil. We show that the variability of prices increased using both published posted prices and transaction prices for producers. This increased volatility in the price of crude oil may reflect information aggregated into the price, an increase the variance of shocks to the price of crude oil, or noise in the futures price that affects the cash price. We present evidence from experiments consistent with the interpretation that information aggregation not feasible in a posted-price market can explain at least part of the increase in variance. This evidence supports the proposition that information not previously aggregated into the cash price for crude oil is at least part of the reason for the greater variability of the cash price after the opening of the futures market and provides at least one example in which a futures market increased the volatility of the cash market, and prices became more efficient. JEL classification: G130, G140 Key words: crude oil, futures, posted price, experiments, experimental finance, price discovery, information aggregation

Albert Ballinger; Gerald P. Dwyer; Ann B. Gillette; Albert Ballinger; Gerald P. Dwyer; Ann B. Gillette

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the forecast. In 1978 the Natural Gas Policy Act was passedof Other Natural Gas Price Forecasts Researchers and policyresearchers and policy makers who utilize natural gas prices

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Using artificial neural networks to forecast the futures prices of crude oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crude oil is the commodity de jour and its pricing is of paramount importance to the layperson as well as to any responsible government. However, one of the main challenges facing econometric pricing models is the forecasting accuracy. ...

Hassan A. Khazem / A. K. Mazouz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the variables influencing the price and volatility of this energy ...

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland? The Impact of Low Carbon Generation on the Future Price of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland? The Impact of Low Carbon Generation on the Future Price Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland?' explores the emergence of a distinctive energy policy for Scotland and raises the issue of the desirability of any differentiation from UK energy policy. Although

Mottram, Nigel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Recently, S&P 500 Index and WTI crude oil futures price movements ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... One notable exception to this recent price correlation came on August 9.

102

Effects of futures market manipulation on crude oil prices: An empirical examination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Crude oil prices moved irregularly in the period leading to the financial meltdown in the beginning of 2008. This research paper deals with the explaining… (more)

Elhelou, Rami

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the… (more)

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Dynamic Pricing in the Presence of Inventory Considerations: Research Overview, Current Practices, and Future Directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benefits of dynamic pricing methods have long been known in industries, such as airlines, hotels, and electric utilities, where the capacity is fixed in the short-term and perishable. In recent years, there has been an increasing adoption of dynamic ... Keywords: Dynamic pricing; e-commerce; revenue management; inventory

Wedad Elmaghraby; Pinar Keskinocak

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. 1975. “The Farm-Retail Price Spread in a Competitive Foodthe Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases. ”2004. “Patterns of Retail Price Variation. ” The RAND

Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Recently, S&P 500 Index and WTI crude oil futures price ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Over the past few weeks (July 1 through August 19), the movement of oil prices has closely mirrored that of the Standard and Poors (S&P) 500 Index.

107

LNG price parity with oil clouds future of European gas market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Europe's international gas trade may have to mark time while the gas industry determines whether the fuel can remain competitive in the wake of Algeria's recent political victory - a high price for its LNG exports to France. Potential gas buyers will face sellers seeking to emulate the $5.10/million Btu price level. The latest conflict, between Algeria and Italy, is preventing start-up of the completed trans-Mediterranean pipeline. Large gas-price increases across Europe would prompt bulk steam-raisers to move to other fuels; the premium household and commercial markets would not be able to absorb the surplus. If the trend of LNG price parity with crude continues, gas could lose a substantial share of its European market and LNG projects will continue to be abandoned.

Vielvoye, R.

1982-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

108

An introduction to crack spreads - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crack spreads are differences between wholesale petroleum product prices and crude oil prices. These spreads are often used to estimate refining margi ...

109

Price, carbon and generation profiles: how partisan differences make the future of climate change uncertain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

America is very much a divided nation when it comes to politics. That polarization is reflected in the environmental and energy realities currently at play in many states, creating a remarkable divide between more conservative Red States and more liberal Blue States when it comes to the amount of CO{sub 2} emitted into the atmosphere and the price of electricity. These differences pose an enormous obstacle in passing climate change legislation. (author)

Sautter, John A.; Sautter, Christopher A.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Oil futures price curve has steepened over the past six months ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... the future can be used as an indicator of longer term supply and demand expectations. Costs to store oil, opportunity costs associated with long-term market ...

111

An economist`s overview: Recent developments affecting future oil supply, prices  

SciTech Connect

This article features a discussion of the production of crude oil in non-OPEC countries compared to OPEC countries and concludes that while OPEC has lost significant market share over a fifteen-year period, it has regained much of that loss over the past five years. Also included is refining netback data as of December 22th for the US Gulf Coast, US West Coast, Singapore, and Rotterdam. Prices and taxes (US$) for fuels in North and South America are also given.

NONE

1995-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

112

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market and STEO Error Forecast Error from 1998 to 2003 (2 Futures Market and STEO Error Forecast Error from 1998to 2003 (Months 13- Forecast from 1998 to 2003 (Months 1-12)

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Update on Petroleum, Natural Gas, Heating Oil and Gasoline.of the Market for Natural Gas Futures. Energy Journal 16 (Modeling Forum. 2003. Natural Gas, Fuel Diversity and North

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Prices Gasoline Price Data Sign showing gasoline prices Local Prices: Find the cheapest gasoline prices in your area. State & Metro Area Prices: Average prices from AAA's...

115

A Hybrid ARCH-M and BP Neural Network Model For GSCI Futures Price Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a versatile investment tool in energy markets for speculators and hedgers, the Goldman Sachs Commodity Index (GSCI) futures are quite well known. Therefore, this paper proposes a hybrid model incorporating ARCH family models and ANN model to forecast ... Keywords: ANN, ARCH-M, Commodity Index, Forecasting, GSCI

Wen Bo; Wang Shouyang; K. K. Lai

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Distillate and Crude Oil Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fuel and residential heating oil prices on the East Coast is being driven by higher crude oil prices than last year and higher spreads. Crude oil is projected to average almost...

117

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? - FAQ - U ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? EIA publishes various coal prices including futures prices, mine prices, captive and open market sales prices ...

118

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? EIA publishes various coal prices including futures prices, mine prices, captive and open market sales prices ...

119

Real-time pricing -- supplanted by Price-risk derivatives?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future trends in pricing options for wholesale electrical generation are discussed. Specifically, the effect of price derivatives on electricity consumption are examined. Economic analyses are presented for customer demand in real-time pricing scenarios with and without a price derivative hedge. It is determined that consumption will be curtailed even when price caps have been purchased. Consumption behavior is also analyzed to determine the effect of different price caps; regardless of price, consumption is curtailed in response to price.

O`Sheasy, M.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. had never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70 per barrel, and in July 2008 it reached a peak of $145. By the end of 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing again, reaching about $110 in 2011. Are “speculators ” to blame for at least part of the volatility and sharp run-ups in price? We clarify the potential and actual effects of speculators, and investors in general, on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We first address the question of what is meant by “oil price speculation, ” and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, oil inventories, or oil price derivatives (such as futures contracts). Next we outline the ways in which one could speculate on oil prices. Finally, we turn to the data, and calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation as the driver of price changes is consistent with the data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and changes in convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck; Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Factors Driving Prices & Forecast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This spread is a function of the balance between demand and fresh supply (production and net imports). Finally I will discuss the current forecast for distillate prices this winter...

122

Asymmetric pricing: an agent based model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asymmetric pricing is the tendency of prices to rise readily and fall slowly. Explanations of asymmetric pricing mention monopoly power, costs of changing prices or spreading information, and elasticity differences. In this paper we describe a general ... Keywords: agent based simulation, asymmetric pricing, competitive equilibria, microeconomy

Federico Cecconi; Domenico Parisi

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

An introduction to spark spreads - Today in Energy - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The spark spread is a common metric for estimating the profitability of natural gas-fired electric generators. The spark spread is the difference between the price ...

124

Prices and Price Setting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies price data and tries to unravel the underlying economic processes of why firms have chosen these prices. It focuses on three aspects… (more)

Faber, R.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: The price spike that initiated the flood of distillate imports last winter can be easily seen in this chart. The distillate supply/demand balance influences the spread between spot distillate and spot crude oil prices. For example, when stocks are higher than normal, the spread will be lower than usual. This spread is the price incentive that encourages or discourages changes in supply. The January/February 2000 price spike was shorter than the one last winter, largely due to the timing. Since last winter's price spike occurred early in the season, it took some time before prices receded substantially. Currently, the distillate fuel refining spread (the difference between the spot heating oil price and the WTI price) is more "typical". But as was

126

3:2:1 Crack Spread  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

:2:1 Crack Spread :2:1 Crack Spread Figure 1 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Thomson Reuters. A crack spread measures the difference between the purchase price of crude oil and the selling price of finished products, such as gasoline and distillate fuel, that a refinery produces from the crude oil. Crack spreads are an indicator of the short-term profit margin of oil refineries because they compare the cost of the crude oil inputs to the wholesale, or spot, prices of the outputs (although they do not include other variable costs or any fixed costs). The 3:2:1 crack spread approximates the product yield at a typical U.S. refinery: for every three barrels of crude oil the refinery processes, it makes two barrels of gasoline and one barrel of distillate

127

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Laboratory. Natural Gas Price Scenarios Amongvolatile-priced. 4 Future natural gas prices are also highlysection we benchmark the natural gas prices contained in the

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991. “A Comparison of Petroleum Futures versus Spot PricesFutures: An Update on Petroleum, Natural Gas, Heating Oiland Its Impact on U.S. Petroleum Markets. ” Dahl, Carol and

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Price supports and demand in commodity market modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gerdner, B. L. "Futures Prices in Supply Analysis." Amer. J.Service. Spot and Futures Prices." Limited Dcpenden{avec Leuthold, R. ~1. "The Price Performance on the Futures

Riboud, Chris; Rausser, Gordon C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Product Price Volatility - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Product Price Volatility-This Year and in the Future. Crude Oil -- Continued tight balance leaves world on thin edge Distillate Winter Price Retrospective – Why a ...

131

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? 5/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential Volatility Midwest Looking Like Last Year RFG Responding More Strongly Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations.Retail Regular Gasoline Price, Cents per Gallon May 8, 2001 Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At Least 2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Low U.S. Stocks Indicate Tight U.S. Market Regional Inventories Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) "New Factor" Contributing to Volatility: Excess Capacity is Gone Regional Refinery Utilization Shows Gulf Coast Pressure

132

Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Gasoline inventories indicate how tight the gasoline product market is in any one region. When the gasoline market is tight, it affects the portion of gasoline price is the spread between spot product price and crude oil price. Note that in late 1998-and early 1999 spreads were very small when inventories were quite high. Contrast summers of 1998 or 1999 with summer 2000. Last summer's tight markets, resulting low stocks and transition to Phase 2 RFG added price pressure over and above the already high crude price pressure on gasoline -- particularly in the Midwest. As we ended last winter, gasoline inventories were low, and the spread between spot prices and crude oil were higher than typical as a result. Inventories stayed well below average and the spread during the

133

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices and wholesale electricity prices. In this light, theby extension future electricity prices) may end up markedlythe form of lower electricity prices), and by reducing the

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Is the seasonal gasoline price peak behind us? - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline crack spreads, which measure the difference between the selling price of finished products and the purchase price of crude oil, rose sharply toward the end ...

135

Oil Price Shocks and Inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices have risen sharply over the last year, leading to concerns that we could see a repeat of the 1970s, when rising oil prices were accompanied by severe recessions and surging inflation. This Economic Letter examines the historical relationship between oil price shocks and inflation in light of some recent research and goes on to discuss what the recent jump in oil prices might mean for inflation in the future. Figure 1 Inflation and the relative price of oil The historical record Figure 1 plots the price of oil relative to the core personal consumption expenditures price index (PCEPI) together with the core PCEPI inflation

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

137

Today in Energy - Daily Prices - Prices - U.S. Energy Information  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 20, 2013Daily Prices December 20, 2013Daily Prices Daily wholesale and retail prices for various energy products are shown below, including spot prices and select futures prices at national or regional levels. Prices are updated each weekday (excluding federal holidays), typically between 7:30 and 8:30 a.m. This page is meant to provide a snapshot of selected daily prices only. Prices are republished by EIA with permission as follows: Wholesale Spot Petroleum Prices from Thomson Reuters, Retail Petroleum Prices from AAA Fuel Gauge Report, Prompt-Month Energy Futures from CME Group, and Select Spot Prices from SNL Energy. Daily Prices Wholesale Spot Petroleum Prices, 12/19/13 Close Product Area Price Percent Change* Crude Oil ($/barrel) WTI 98.40 +0.8 Brent 110.78 +1.1 Louisiana Light 108.27 +4.9

138

New York Home Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 15 5 of 15 Notes: The severity of this spot price increase is causing dramatic changes in residential home heating oil prices, although residential price movements are usually a little slower and spread out over time compared to spot prices. Wholesale prices increased over 50 cents from January 17 to January 24, while retail increased 44 cents in New York. Diesel prices are showing a similar pattern to residential home heating oil prices, and are indicating that home heating oil prices may not have peaked yet, although spot prices are dropping. Diesel prices in New England and the Mid-Atlantic increased 30-40 cents January 24 over the prior week, and another 13-15 cents January 31. Spot prices plummeted January 31, closing at 82 cents per gallon, indicating the worst part of the crisis may be over, but it is still a

139

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and diesel price estimates from the Energy Information Administration Understanding Gas Prices Photo of gasoline receipt What determines the cost of gasoline? What's the...

140

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phillip Price Phil Price Sustainable Energy Systems Group Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Role of speculation in short-term US oil crude prices and gasoline price variability of the 2000s and the role of monetary policy price stability interventions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The objectives of this study were to analyze the short-run impact of futures contract prices on crude oil prices, the impact of crude oil… (more)

Norris, Leah C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 5 5 of 5 Notes: March began with gasoline spot prices showing large increases over crude oil. Spot prices were nearly 20 cents per gallon over the already high crude oil prices, when normally the spread would be half that size. This spread was comparable to the spread seen in August 1997 when high demand, low stocks, and some refinery problems cause prices to surge. By the end of March the spread had fallen to about 16 cents per gallon, and by mid April was at about 11 cents per gallon as the inventory situation improved. Crude oil prices have also been falling, pulling gasoline spot prices down. Retail prices, which lag behind changes in the spot market, are turning down also. Regular gasoline prices peaked the week of March 20 at $1.53 and fell to $1.48 the week of April 10.

143

Price difference between Brent and WTI crude oil narrowing - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Brent-WTI spread, the difference between the prices of Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oils, has narrowed considerably over the past several months.

144

An introduction to spark spreads - Today in Energy - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Total Energy. ... and quark spreads (electricity price minus the cost of enriched uranium fuel) ...

145

The Impact of Wind Power Generation on Wholesale Electricity Price ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

price for power generation are examined to forecast LNG price for power genera- tion. Information on future power plant's construction and decommission plan ...

146

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

147

Valuation of a Spark Spread:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis and data in this paper was prepared for a consulting client and we are grateful that they have allowed us to adapt our report in the form of this academic paper. We have modified the plant-specific results in Section 8 to protect the proprietary data and property of our client. 1 1 Executive Summary This paper analyzes a power plant in Alberta, Canada, that is powered by two General Electric LM6000 gas turbines combined with a steam generator that allows combined cycle operations. The LM6000 is derived from a GE engine used on Boeing 767 and 747 airplanes, and is adapted for natural gas by General Electric. This power plant is popular in various power jurisdictions around the world as a turnkey power plant that can offer peaking capacity, and some baseload power delivery. We consider 4 operating modes for the plant: cold metal (off), 15 MW idle in combined cycle, full simple-cycle power (95 MW) and combined cycle full power (120 MW). It is common to refer to such a plant as generating a spark spread: converting natural gas to electricity by burning. A spark spread has two correlated stochastic variables: electricity price and natural gas price. To lower the dimensionality of the problem, we

An Lm Power Plant; Mark Cassano; Gordon Sick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Cheese Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cheese prices are derived from the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service Market News, the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This publication explains the process of cheese pricing. It includes information on hauling rates and freight differentials

Schwart Jr., Robert B.; Anderson, David P.; Knutson, Ronald D.

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

149

Sarah Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sarah K Price Sarah Price Energy Efficiency Standards Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-4128B (510)...

150

Marisa Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marisa Dawn Price Marisa Price Communications Office Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R3029B Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2056B (510) 495-2713...

151

EIA - Natural Gas Price Data & Analysis  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Prices U.S. and State prices for wellhead, imports, exports, citygate, and end-use sectors. Percentages of total volume delivered by sector. (monthly, annual). Residential and Commercial Prices by Local Distributors and Marketers Average price of natural gas delivered to residential and commercial consumers by local distribution companies and marketers, and the percent sold by local distribution companies in selected states and DC (annual). Spot and Futures Prices Henry Hub natural gas spot price and New York Mercantile Exchange futures contract prices for natural gas based on delivery at the Henry Hub in Louisiana (daily, weekly, monthly, annual). Natural Gas Weekly Update Analysis of current price, supply, and storage data; and a weather snapshot.

152

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross...

153

Gas Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prices Gasoline Prices for U.S. Cities Click on the map to view gas prices for cities in your state. AK VT ME NH NH MA MA RI CT CT DC NJ DE DE NY WV VA NC SC FL GA AL MS TN KY IN...

154

Weekly NYMEX Coal Futures  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) Report provides settlement price data for Central Appalachian (CAPP), Western Powder River Basin (PRB), and Eastern CSX Transportation (CSX) coal futures.

Information Center

155

What were the key energy commodity price trends in 2011?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Energy commodity price trends varied widely during 2011. Crude oil and petroleum products prices increased during 2011, while natural gas, coal, and electricity prices declined. This article provides an overview of key energy commodity price trends in 2011 based on prices seen in futures markets.

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

A NONGAUSSIAN ORNSTEINUHLENBECK PROCESS FOR ELECTRICITY SPOT PRICE MODELING AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NON­GAUSSIAN ORNSTEIN­UHLENBECK PROCESS FOR ELECTRICITY SPOT PRICE MODELING AND DERIVATIVES for analytical pricing of electricity forward and futures contracts. Electricity forward and futures contracts to capture the observed dynamics of electricity spot prices. We also discuss the pricing of European call

Kallsen, Jan

157

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov Lynn Price is a Staff Scientist and Leader of the China Energy Group of the Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Ms. Price has a MS in Environmental Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and has worked at LBNL since 1990. Ms. Price has been a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, since 1994 and was an author on the industrial sector chapter of IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report on Mitigation of Climate Change. Since 1999, Ms. Price has provided technical assistance to the Energy

158

Forecast Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Notes: Prices have already recovered from the spike, but are expected to remain elevated over year-ago levels because of the higher crude oil prices. There is a lot of uncertainty in the market as to where crude oil prices will be next winter, but our current forecast has them declining about $2.50 per barrel (6 cents per gallon) from today's levels by next October. U.S. average residential heating oil prices peaked at almost $1.50 as a result of the problems in the Northeast this past winter. The current forecast has them peaking at $1.08 next winter, but we will be revisiting the outlook in more detail next fall and presenting our findings at the annual Winter Fuels Conference. Similarly, diesel prices are also expected to fall. The current outlook projects retail diesel prices dropping about 14 cents per gallon

159

Stephanie Price  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Stephanie Price is a communicator at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which assists EERE in providing technical content for many of its websites.

160

Snuller Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snuller Price Energy and Environmental Economics NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated until Congress...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Addressing an Uncertain Future Using Scenario Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a scenario may be an oil price hike in a future year, whichon the impact of high oil prices on the global economy (seethe scenario of a high oil price (of US$35/barrel, which is

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Essays on Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small Regular Price Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The Cyclicality of Effective Prices2.3 Wholesale Price vs. Retail

Hong, Gee Hee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Essays on Three Price Judgments: Price Fairness, Price Magnitude, and Price Expectation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation addresses three important price judgments: price fairness, price magnitude, and price expectation. Developed over three chapters, the main objective of this research is… (more)

Bhowmick, Sandeep

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Last Winter's Price Spike Limited to Northeast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: This chart shows the day-to-day volatility in spot crude and heating oil prices, and clearly shows the regional nature of the price spike that occurred last winter. Due to a combination of extreme cold weather, low inventories, and refinery and transportation problems, New York Harbor spot prices shot up as high as $1.77 per gallon in a brief period in late January and early February. In June of this year, distillate spreads had dropped to 2.5 cents per gallon as a result of crude oil prices increasing faster than product prices. But by August spreads had strengthened to about 15 cents, and were as high as 21 cents on average in November 2000, which is almost 15 cents above average -- reflecting continued low stocks and the lack of even a normal summer/autumn build in inventories.

165

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently. Crude oil rose about 36 cents per gallon from its low point in mid February 1999 to the middle of January 2000. Over this same time period, New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents per gallon, reflecting both the crude price rise and a return to a more usual seasonal spread over the price of crude oil. The week ending January 21, heating oil spot prices in the Northeast spiked dramatically to record levels, closing on Friday at $1.26 per gallon -- up 50 cents from the prior week. Gulf Coast prices were not spiking, but were probably pulled slightly higher as the New York Harbor market began to

166

Microsoft Word - Price Probabilities Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 April 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Probabilities of Possible Future Prices 1 EIA introduced a monthly analysis of energy price volatility and forecast uncertainty in the October 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Included in the analysis were charts portraying confidence intervals around the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) futures prices of West Texas Intermediate (equivalent to light sweet crude oil) and Henry Hub natural gas contracts. The March 2010 STEO added another set of charts listing the probability of the future realized price exceeding or falling below given price levels (see Figures 1A and 1B for West Texas Intermediate crude oil price probabilities). These charts are also available as spreadsheets allowing users to input their own prices to

167

CURRENT AND FUTURE IGCC TECHNOLOGIES:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

future. On the other hand, the projected demand for electricity coupled with high fuel costs (particularly high oil prices and volatile natural gas prices) presents a near-term...

168

Snuller Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snuller Price Energy and Environmental Economics This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not...

169

PRICE GOUGING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

home heating costs? How will those be affected? With an overall increase in the price of heating oil and natural gas, we expect that there may be an increase in home heating costs...

170

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90-2006 (510) 486-7875 PNPrice@lbl.gov Dr. Phillip Price has a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Kentucky, and has worked in the Indoor Environment Department since 1992. In...

171

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov NOTICE Due...

172

Do OPEC Members Know Something the Market Doesn’t? “Fair Price ” Pronouncements and the Market Price of Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPEC producers, individually or collectively, often make statements regarding the “fair price ” of crude oil. In some cases, the officials commenting are merely affirming the price prevailing in the crude oil market at the time. In many cases, however, we document that they explicitly disagree with the contemporaneous futures price. A natural question is whether these “fair price ” pronouncements contain information not already reflected in market prices. To find the answer, we collect “fair price ” statements made between 2000 and 2009 by officials from OPEC or OPEC member countries. Visually, the “fair price ” series looks like a sampling discretely drawn (with a lag) from the daily futures market price series. Formally, we use several methodologies to establish that “fair price ” pronouncements have little influence on the market price of crude oil and that they supply little or no new news to oil futures market participants.

Celso Brunetti; Bahattin Büyük?ahin; Michel A. Robe; Kirsten R. Soneson; David Reiffen; Bob Buckley; Rasmus Fatum; Robert L. Losey; Jim Moser; Adam Sieminski; Phil Verlegger; Joe Konizeski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Threshold Autoregressive Model for Wholesale Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Threshold Autoregressive Model for Wholesale Electricity Prices B. Ricky Rambharat Carnegie model; electricity prices; spikes; Markov chain Monte Carlo. 1. Introduction The dynamics of electricity of electricity price dynamics is essential for pricing and hedging financial futures and options on power

174

Studies on upward flame spread.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Experimental techniques have been used to investigate three upward flame spread phenomena of particular importance for fire safety applications. First, rates of upward flame spread… (more)

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices. WTI Crude Oil Price. Retail Gasoline Price. Source: Energy Information Administration

176

Internet Resource Pricing Models, Mechanisms, and Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the fast development of video and voice network applications, CDN (Content Distribution Networks) and P2P (Peer-to-Peer) content distribution technologies have gradually matured. How to effectively use Internet resources thus has attracted more and more attentions. For the study of resource pricing, a whole pricing strategy containing pricing models, mechanisms and methods covers all the related topics. We first introduce three basic Internet resource pricing models through an Internet cost analysis. Then, with the evolution of service types, we introduce several corresponding mechanisms which can ensure pricing implementation and resource allocation. On network resource pricing methods, we discuss the utility optimization in economics, and emphasize two classes of pricing methods (including system optimization and entities' strategic optimizations). Finally, we conclude the paper and forecast the research direction on pricing strategy which is applicable to novel service situation in the near future.

He, Huan; Liu, Ying

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Last summer's low stocks and transition to Phase 2 RFG added price pressure over and above the already high crude price pressure on gasoline. As we ended last winter, gasoline inventories were low, and the spread between spot prices and crude oil were higher than typical as a result. Inventories did not recover and the spread remained higher than average through most of the summer. In November and December, as gasoline demand eased, prices relaxed and spreads returned to average levels -- only to rebound again in January and February as refineries began to undergo maintenance and the market watched the already low stock cushion erode further. This February, spreads are higher than last year -- averaging 14 cents so far. This is about twice what we would typically see this time of

178

SRM Pricing Policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... rates are used to calculate the price for each ... Therefore, prices for new lots and renewal issues of ... changed, all SRMs may be re-priced taking into ...

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

179

Pennsylvania Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- GasBuddy.com Pennsylvania Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Pennsylvania Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States:...

180

Prices & Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Price spread between regular and premium gasoline has changed over ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, ... more cost savings result from reducing octane levels for premium gasoline blendstock ...

182

Lower wholesale power prices reduce quark spreads available to ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration. Annual nuclear fuel costs from the Electricity Utility Cost Group (EUCG) Nuclear Committee data.

183

PRICING AND HEDGING SPREAD OPTIONS RENE CARMONA AND VALDO DURRLEMAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or energy markets. As a matter of introduction, we present a general overview of the common features of all markets and the energy markets. One of our goals is to review the literature existing on the subject times. As evidenced by the title of the paper, we intend to concentrate on the energy markets. Standard

Carmona, Rene

184

Price spread between regular and premium gasoline has changed ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power plant ... period coincides with increased blending of ethanol into the motor gasoline ... savings result from reducing octane levels ...

185

OIL PRICES AND LONG-RUN RISK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I show that relative levels of aggregate consumption and personal oil consumption provide an excellent proxy for oil prices, and that high oil prices predict low future aggregate consumption growth. Motivated by these facts, I add an oil consumption good to the long-run risk model of Bansal and Yaron [2004] to study the asset pricing implications of observed changes in the dynamic interaction of consumption and oil prices. Empirically I observe that, compared to the first half of my 1987- 2010 sample, oil consumption growth in the last 10 years is unresponsive to levels of oil prices, creating an decrease in the mean-reversion of oil prices, and an increase in the persistence of oil price shocks. The model implies that the change in the dynamics of oil consumption generates increased systematic risk from oil price shocks due to their increased persistence. However, persistent oil prices also act as a counterweight for shocks to expected consumption growth, with high expected growth creating high expectations of future oil prices which in turn slow down growth. The combined effect is to reduce overall consumption risk and lower the equity premium. The model also predicts that these changes affect the riskiness of of oil futures contracts, and combine to create a hump shaped

Robert Ready; Robert Clayton Ready; Robert Clayton Ready; Amir Yaron

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Uncertainty Representation: Estimating Process Parameters for Forward Price Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Market prices set the value of electric power assets and contracts, yet forward prices are unavailable for time horizons relevant to most valuations. Price forecasts are inherently uncertain because the drivers of prices are uncertain, but equilibrating market forces also work to reduce the growth of uncertainty over time. Consequently, quantifying the degree of future price uncertainty is difficult, but has tremendous strategic potential for power companies seeking to value real options and invest in fl...

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

187

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Price Average Commercial Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

189

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

SciTech Connect

The benefits of the Department of Energy's research and development (R&D) efforts have historically been estimated under business-as-usual market and policy conditions. In recognition of the insurance value of R&D, however, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) have been exploring options for evaluating the benefits of their R&D programs under an array of alternative futures. More specifically, an FE-EERE Scenarios Working Group (the Working Group) has proposed to EERE and FE staff the application of an initial set of three scenarios for use in the Working Group's upcoming analyses: (1) a Reference Case Scenario, (2) a High Fuel Price Scenario, which includes heightened natural gas and oil prices, and (3) a Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scenario. The immediate goal is to use these scenarios to conduct a pilot analysis of the benefits of EERE and FE R&D efforts. In this report, the two alternative scenarios being considered by EERE and FE staff--carbon cap-and-trade and high fuel prices--are compared to other scenarios used by energy analysts and utility planners. The report also briefly evaluates the past accuracy of fossil fuel price forecasts. We find that the natural gas prices through 2025 proposed in the FE-EERE Scenarios Working Group's High Fuel Price Scenario appear to be reasonable based on current natural gas prices and other externally generated gas price forecasts and scenarios. If anything, an even more extreme gas price scenario might be considered. The price escalation from 2025 to 2050 within the proposed High Fuel Price Scenario is harder to evaluate, primarily because few existing forecasts or scenarios extend beyond 2025, but, at first blush, it also appears reasonable. Similarly, we find that the oil prices originally proposed by the Working Group in the High Fuel Price Scenario appear to be reasonable, if not conservative, based on: (1) the current forward market for oil, (2) current oil prices, (3) externally generated oil price forecasts, and (4) the historical difficulty in accurately forecasting oil prices. Overall, a spread between the FE-EERE High Oil Price and Reference scenarios of well over $8/bbl is supported by the literature. We conclude that a wide range of carbon regulation scenarios are possible, especially within the time frame considered by EERE and FE (through 2050). The Working Group's Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scenario is found to be less aggressive than many Kyoto-style targets that have been analyzed, and similar in magnitude to the proposed Climate Stewardship Act. The proposed scenario is more aggressive than some other scenarios found in the literature, however, and ignores carbon banking and offsets and does not allow nuclear power to expand. We are therefore somewhat concerned that the stringency of the proposed carbon regulation scenario in the 2010 to 2025 period will lead to a particularly high estimated cost of carbon reduction. As described in more detail later, we encourage some flexibility in the Working Group's ultimate implementation of the Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scenario. We conclude by identifying additional scenarios that might be considered in future analyses, describing a concern with the proposed specification of the High Fuel Price Scenario, and highlighting the possible difficulty of implementing extreme scenarios with current energy modeling tools.

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fixed-price gas supply contracts and natural gas storage. Asnatural gas prices, rather than on prices that can be locked in through futures, swap, or fixed- price physical supplySupply, Renewable Energy Gas Options, Gas Storage Option Premium or Storage Cost Gas Price Falls Gas Price Rises Natural

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. A Review of Recent Energy Price Projections for Traditional Space Heating Fuel 1985-2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to develop an initial estimate of the potential competitiveness of low temperature (45 degrees C to 100 degrees C) geothermal resources on the Eastern Coastal Plain, the Center for Metropolitant Planning and Research of The Johns Hopkins University reviewed and compared available energy price projections. Series of projections covering the post-1985 period have been made by the Energy Information Administration, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and by private research firms. Since low temperature geothermal energy will compete primarily for the space and process heating markets currently held by petroleum, natural gas, and electricity, projected trends in the real prices for these fuels were examined. The spread in the current and in projected future prices for these fuels, which often serve identical end uses, underscores the influence of specific attributes for each type of fuel, such as cleanliness, security of supply, and governmental regulation. Geothermal energy possesses several important attributes in common with electricity (e.g., ease of maintenance and perceived security of supply), and thus the price of electric space heating is likely to be an upper bound on a competitive price for geothermal energy. Competitiveness would, of course, be increased if geothermal heat could be delivered for prices closer to those for oil and natural gas. The projections reviewed suggest that oil and gas prices will rise significantly in real terms over the next few decades, while electricity prices are projected to be more stable. Electricity prices will, however, remain above those for the other two fuels. The significance of this work rests on the fact that, in market economies, prices provide the fundamental signals needed for efficient resource allocation. Although market prices often fail to fully account for factors such as environmental impacts and long-term scarcity value, they nevertheless embody a considerable amount of information and are the primary guideposts for suppliers and consumers.

Weissbrod, Richard; Barron, William

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

November 2010 November 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 November 9, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged almost $82 per barrel in October, about $7 per barrel higher than the September average, as expectations of higher oil demand pushed up prices. EIA has raised the average fourth quarter 2010 WTI spot price forecast to about $83 per barrel compared with $79 per barrel in last monthʹs Outlook. WTI spot prices rise to $87 per barrel by the fourth quarter of next year. Projected WTI prices average $79 per barrel in 2010 and $85 per barrel in 2011. WTI futures for January 2011 delivery (for the 5-day period ending November 4)

193

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May 2010 May 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 May 11, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged $84 per barrel in April 2010, about $3 per barrel above the prior month's average and $2 per barrel higher than forecast in last month's Outlook. EIA projects WTI prices will average about $84 per barrel over the second half of this year and rise to $87 by the end of next year, an increase of about $2 per barrel from the previous Outlook (West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Price Chart). Energy price forecasts are highly uncertain, as history has shown. Prices for near-term futures options contracts suggest that the market attaches

194

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 June 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 June 8, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged less than $74 per barrel in May 2010, almost $11 per barrel below the prior month's average and $7 per barrel lower than forecast in last month's Outlook. EIA projects WTI prices will average about $79 per barrel over the second half of this year and rise to $84 by the end of next year, a decrease of about $3 per barrel from the previous Outlook (West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Price Chart). Energy price forecasts are highly uncertain, as history has shown. Prices for near-term futures options contracts suggest that the market attaches

195

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 July 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 July 7, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged $75.34 per barrel in June 2010 ($1.60 per barrel above the prior month's average), close to the $76 per barrel projected in the forecast in last month's Outlook. EIA projects WTI prices will average about $79 per barrel over the second half of this year and rise to $84 by the end of next year (West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Price Chart). Energy price forecasts are highly uncertain, as history has shown (Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty). WTI futures for September 2010 delivery for the

196

Participatory Pricing in Sport: An Examination of Name-Your-Own-Price and Pay-What-You-Want Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to better understand the effects participatory pricing strategies have on consumer perceptions and behaviors in a sport event pricing scenario. Participatory pricing strategies are those that include the consumer in setting the final price of a good or service. These mechanisms include name-your-own-price (NYOP) and pay-what-you-want (PWYW). These pricing strategies are now being introduced into the sport industry. With the increased use of these strategies, and the lack of research in sport management pertaining to consumers’ perceptions of price, specifically consumer voice in price setting, there is a gap in the literature that needs to be filled. This study investigates the consumer’s perceptions of price fairness, perceived value, as well as consumer behavior (i.e. purchase intentions and willingness-to-pay), when encountering participatory pricing strategies. The following dissertation presents a quantitative experimental design, asking subjects to participate in a simulated ticket purchase experience. Difference between experimental groups was assessed based on price fairness, perceived value, willingness-to-pay, and purchase intentions. Results indicate there is a significant difference between participatory pricing groups and traditional fixed price groups when examining price fairness, perceived value, willingness-to-pay, and final average prices paid. Specifically, price fairness evaluations were significantly higher for the PWYW and fixed price groups, and lower for the NYOP group. In addition to the price fairness differences, the groups differed on their evaluations of perceived value (PWYW and fixed are the same, both higher than NYOP). Furthermore, the results reveal that consumers involved in the NYOP mechanism evoked higher levels of willingness-to-pay than PWYW and fixed. Furthermore, the study also found that the final average price paid following the experiment differed based on the mechanism. The PWYW and fixed price mechanisms paid similar amounts, while both of them were significantly higher than the NYOP mechanism. This suggests that while one of the biggest concerns for the PWYW treatment is a low final average price (even $0); this may not be an issue in a sport ticket pricing scenario. Study limitations and future research are included in the following dissertation.

Reese, Jason 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

• E&P costs • E&P investments • E&P innovations Physical balancing • Inventories Markets & market behavior • Energy prices ? spot ? futures ? options

198

2004: Sign of the Future for Refiners?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A presentation to the NPRA Annual Meeting discussing the major factors that drove petroleum prices, price differentials, and margins in 2004, and what this might mean for refiners as we look towards the future.

Information Center

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

Henry Hub Gulf Coast Natural Gas Spot Price (Dollars/Mil. BTUs)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 10/9/2013: Next Release Date: 10/17/2013: Referring Pages: Natural Gas Futures Prices (NYMEX)

200

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 6.25 7.97 3.67 4.48 3.95 2.66 1922-2012 Alabama 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Alaska 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Arizona 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Arkansas

202

PRICE GOUGING | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PRICE GOUGING PRICE GOUGING PRICE GOUGING More Documents & Publications PRICE GOUGING Department of Energy Response to Hurricane Katrina Fact Sheet Department of Energy Response to...

203

Energy prices: Gasoline price increases in early 1985 interrupted previous trend  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, wholesale gasoline prices did not continue the downward trend begun in 1981 despite a continuing decline in crude oil prices. As a result, the spread between these two prices increased in 1985, but only to a level approximating what existed in 1981 and 1982. The Federal Trade Commission investigated two proposed mergers between Texaco, Inc., with Getty Oil Company and Chevron Corporation with Gulf Corporation that had the potential for anticompetitive effects. Using a regression analysis, GAO suggests that increases in concentration at the state level have a positive association with gasoline prices. Because the required divestitures eliminated the increases in concentration exceeding the merger guidelines, GAO believes the two mergers would have had only a small effect on prices.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

October 2010 October 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 October 13, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI oil prices averaged $75 per barrel in September but rose above $80 at the end of the month and into early October. EIA has raised the average fourth- quarter 2010 forecasted WTI spot price to $79 per barrel compared with $77 per barrel in last monthʹs Outlook. WTI spot prices are projected to rise to $85 per barrel by the fourth quarter of next year. As has been the case for most of 2010, WTI futures traded with a notable lack of volatility during the third quarter of 2010 (Figure 1). However, prices did bounce in

205

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 December 7, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged over $84 per barrel in November, more than $2 per barrel higher than the October average. EIA has raised the average winter 2010-2011 period WTI spot price forecast by $1 per barrel from the last monthʹs Outlook to $84 per barrel. WTI spot prices rise to $89 per barrel by the end of next year, $2 per barrel higher than in the last Outlook. Projected WTI prices average $79 per barrel in 2010 and $86 per barrel in 2011. WTI futures for February 2011 delivery during the 5-day period ending December 2

206

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices ... History; Imports Price: 6.79: 9.71: 3.73: 4.39: 4.20: 2.78: 1999-2012: Pipeline and Distribution Use Price : 1967-2005: ...

207

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Wellhead Price: NA: 5.63: 3.92: 3.79 : 1967-2010: Imports Price: ...

208

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

209

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

210

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

211

Diesel prices flat  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

212

Overshooting of agricultural prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotenberg, Julio J. , "Sticky Prices in the United States,"Monetary Policy on United States Agriculture. A Fix-Price,Flex-Price Approach," Unpublished Ph.D. Disser- tation,

Stamoulis, Kostas G.; Rausser, Gordon C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

214

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

215

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

216

Diesel prices flat nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel remained the same from a week ago at 3.98 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price...

217

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

218

NYMEX Futures Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; Crude Oil (Light-Sweet, Cushing, Oklahoma) Contract 1: 94.80: 95.80: 104.70: 106.54: 106.24: 100.55: 1983-2013: Contract 2:

219

NYMEX Futures Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; Crude Oil (Light-Sweet, Cushing, Oklahoma) Contract 1: 101.48: 97.77: 96.93: 94.32: 93.93: 94.0: 1983-2013: Contract 2:

220

An ENSO Signal in Soybean Futures Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An example of socioeconomic repercussions of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is examined. Multichannel singular spectrum analysis, a variant of principal component analysis useful in isolating the spatial and temporal variability ...

Christian L. Keppenne

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly.

222

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

223

Natural Gas Wellhead Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Slide 19 of 27. Price: Wellhead. Natural gas wellhead prices are projected to move up 5 percent this winter, averaging about $2.28 per Mcf during this ...

224

Crude Oil Price Forecast  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We believe crude oil prices will strengthen somewhat, but prices will rise much more slowly than they fell, and they are expected to remain lower in ...

225

Primer on Gasoline Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This brochure answers, in laymen's terms, questions such as "What are the components of the retail price of gasoline? Why do gasoline prices fluctuate?

Information Center

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

227

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

228

Natural Gas Price Uncertainty: Establishing Price Floors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of comprehensive calculations of ceiling and floor prices for natural gas. Ceiling prices are set by the price levels at which it is more economic to switch from natural gas to residual fuel oil in steam units and to distillate in combined cycle units. Switching to distillate is very rare, whereas switching to fuel oil is quite common, varying between winter and summer and increasing when natural gas prices are high or oil prices low. Monthly fuel use was examined for 89 ...

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

229

Studies on upward flame spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5.7 Flame Heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.4.1 Flame Heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5Chapter 4 Upward Flame Spread of an Inclined Fuel Surface

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Do Producer Prices Lead Consumer Prices?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increased rapidly. Excluding food and energy, prices of crude materials and intermediate goods rose at annual rates of 7.2 and 16.7 percent, respectively. At the same time, however, prices of consumer goods and services excluding food and energy increased a more modest 2.9 percent. Many analysts are concerned that recent increases in the prices of crude and intermediate goods may be passed through to consumers, resulting in a higher rate of inflation in consumer prices later this year and perhaps in 1996. This article examines whether price increases at the early stages of production should be expected to move through the production chain, leading to increases in consumer prices. In the first section, a review of basic economic theory suggests there should be a pass-through effect—that is, producer prices should lead and thereby help predict consumer prices. A more sophisticated analysis, though, suggests the pass-through effect may be weak. In the second section, an examination of the empirical evidence indicates that producer prices are not always good predictors of consumer prices. The article Todd E. Clark is an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Mangal Goswami, a research associate at the bank, helped prepare the article. concludes that the recent increases in some producer prices do not necessarily signal higher inflation.

E. Clark

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Solar Pricing Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SB 2 1X SB 2 1X Category % of Retail Sales From Eligible Renewable Resources Date by Which Compliance Must Occur Category or Compliance Period 1 20% Dec. 31, 2013 Category or Compliance Period 2 25% Dec. 31, 2016 Category or Compliance Period 3 33% Dec. 31, 2020 2 Solar Pricing Trends 3 U.S. Grid-Connected PV Capacity Additions 4 U.S. Renewable Additions wind, 7537 MW biogas, 91 MW biomass, 330 MW geothermal, 910 MW ocean, 0 MW small hydro, 38 MW solar thermal, 3804 MW solar photovoltaic, 5778 MW CA IOU's Total Renewable Energy Capacity Currently Under Contract from Contracts Signed Since 2002, by Technology 5 CA IOU's Renewable Portfolio 6 CA IOU's Future Renewable Portfolio

232

Analysis of Strategies of Companies under Carbon Constraint: Relationship between Profit Structure of Companies and Carbon/Fuel Price Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the relationship between future carbon prices and the expected profit of companies by case studies with model companies. As the future carbon price will vary significantly in accordance with the political ...

Hashimoto, Susumu

233

Oil prices in a new light  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a clear picture of how oil prices develop, the author steps away from the price levels to which the world is accustomed, and evaluates scientifically. What makes prices jump from one notch to another The move results from a political or economic shock or the perception of a particular position by the futures market and the media. The shock could range from a war or an assassination to a promise of cooperation among OPEC members (when believed by the market) or to speculation about another failure at an OPEC meeting. In the oil market, only a couple of factual figures can provide a floor to the price of oil. The cost of production of oil in the Gulf is around $2 to $3/bbl, and the cost of production of oil (capital and operating costs) in key non-OPEC areas is well under $10/bbl. With some adjustments for transport and quality, a price range of $13/bbl to $16/bbl would correspond to a reasonable sustainable floor price. The reason for prices above the floor price has been a continuous fear of oil supply interruptions. That fear kept prices above the floor price for many years. The fear factor has now almost fully disappeared. The market has gone through the drama of the Iranian Revolution, the Iran-Iraq war, the tanker war, the invasion of Kuwait, and the expulsions of the Iraqis. And still the oil flowed -- all the time. It has become abundantly clear that fears above the oil market were unjustified. Everyone needs to export oil, and oil will flow under the worst circumstances. The demise of the fear factor means that oil prices tend toward the floor price for a prolonged period.

Fesharaki, F. (East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. MTBE is an oxygenate used in most of the RFG consumed in the U.S. Generally, it follows gasoline prices and its own supply/demand balance factors. But this winter, we saw it respond strongly to natural gas prices. MTBE is made from methanol and isobutylene, which in turn come from methane and butane. Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams. Until this year, the price of natural gas has been so low that it had little effect. But the surge that occurred in December and January pulled MTBE up . Keep in mind that about 11% MTBE is used in a gallon of RFG, so a 30 cent increase in MTBE is only about a 3 cent increase in the price of RFG. While we look ahead at this summer, natural gas prices should be

235

Managing Energy Price Risk with Derivatives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Managing Energy Price Risk with Derivatives Managing Energy Price Risk with Derivatives Speaker(s): Douglas Hale Date: September 18, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Joseph Eto Energy derivatives came into being with the deregulation of the petroleum and natural gas industries in the early 1980s. Although derivatives-forwards, futures and options-have been used in American agriculture since the mid-1800's to manage price risk, they were unnecessary in regulated energy industries. Deregulation revealed that oil, gas and electricity prices are exceptionally volatile. Companies were forced to cope with the uncertainty in energy prices; they latched onto derivatives as one tool for managing that risk. Enron's collapse brought energy derivatives to public attention. Following the derivative linked

236

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. ... Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams.

237

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

238

Virginia Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virginia Virginia Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Alexandria AlexandriaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Arlington ArlingtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Chesapeake ChesapeakeGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Hampton HamptonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Newport News NewportNewsGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Norfolk NorfolkGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Portsmouth PortsmouthGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Richmond RichmondGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Virginia Beach VirginiaBeachGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com

239

Illinois Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Illinois Illinois Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Arlington Heights ArlingtonHeightsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Aurora AuroraGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bloomington BloomingtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Champaign ChampaignGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Chicago ChicagoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Decatur DecaturGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Elgin ElginGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Joliet JolietGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Naperville NapervilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

240

Tennessee Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tennessee Tennessee Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Chattanooga ChattanoogaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Clarksville ClarksvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Knoxville KnoxvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Memphis MemphisGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Murfreesboro MurfreesboroGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Nashville NashvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Tennessee Cities TennesseeGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Tennessee Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Tennessee Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Wisconsin Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wisconsin Wisconsin Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Appleton AppletonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Eau Claire EauClaireGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Green Bay GreenBayGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Kenosha KenoshaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Madison MadisonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Milwaukee MilwaukeeGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Wisconsin Cities WisconsinGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Wisconsin Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Wisconsin Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

242

Maryland Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maryland Maryland Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Baltimore BaltimoreGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bethesda BethesdaGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bowie BowieGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Frederick FrederickGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Gaithersburg GaithersburgGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Maryland Cities MarylandGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Maryland Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Maryland Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Maryland Cities - MapQuest

243

Massachusetts Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Massachusetts Massachusetts Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Boston BostonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Brockton BrocktonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Cambridge CambridgeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Fall River FallRiverGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Haverhill HaverhillGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lawrence LawrenceGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lowell LowellGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Bedford NewBedfordGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Taunton TauntonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

244

Ohio Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ohio Ohio Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Akron AkronGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Cincinnati CincinnatiGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Cleveland ClevelandGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Columbus ColumbusGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Dayton DaytonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Toledo ToledoGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Ohio Cities OhioGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Ohio Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Ohio Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

245

PRICE & AVAILABILITY UPDATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.3 Price & Availability Updates File when titles transferred to new supplier..................... 5 4.4 Format of the ‘Day ’ element in Availability Dates......................................................... 5 5 Example of Price & Availability Updates transmission....................................................... 5 6 Price & Availability Updates file header............................................................................. 7 Example of a complete Price & Availability Updates file header....................................... 12 7 Price & Availability Updates “message level ” content...................................................... 13 8 Price & Availability Updates “line level ” content............................................................... 14 Example showing Order "line level " segments NOI to DNC.............................................. 21 9 Price & Availability Updates message trailer.................................................................... 21 10 Price & Availability Updates file trailer............................................................................ 22 NOTE: The TRADACOMS Price & Availability Updates message is not recommended for new implementations. The recommended formats for the communication of book product information are the ONIX for Books Product Information message and Supply Update message.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Oklahoma Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Oklahoma Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Lawton LawtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Norman NormanGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Oklahoma City OklahomaCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Tulsa TulsaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Oklahoma Cities OklahomaGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Oklahoma Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Oklahoma Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Oklahoma Cities - MapQuest Oklahoma Gas Prices (organized by county, search by ZIP code) -

247

State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Pipeline (Canada) Eastport, ID..................... 830,351 3.79 802,182 4.71 759,647 2.83 R 623,652 4.72 707,885 5.30 Calais, ME ...................... 123,521 4.50 152,486 4.47 124,991 3.49 R 115,301 R 5.85 102,292 6.44 Detroit, MI ....................... 6,171 3.82 405 9.34 1,948 3.56 2,514 5.96 1,117 6.27 Marysville, MI.................. 0 -- 0 -- 74 3.95 0 -- 303 7.80 St. Clair, MI..................... 17,198 4.45 21,747 4.54 28,441 3.19 5,202 5.84 22,853 6.50 International Falls, MN .... 3,022 2.77 617 4.85 602 3.01 0 -- 0 -- Noyes, MN...................... 469,361 3.75 448,898 4.19 402,621 3.09 R 359,801 5.04 399,298 5.77 Warroad, MN .................. 4,576 3.95 5,318 4.52

248

Breakeven Prices for Photovoltaics on Supermarkets in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The photovoltaic (PV) breakeven price is the PV system price at which the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. This point is also called 'grid parity' and can be expressed as dollars per watt ($/W) of installed PV system capacity. Achieving the PV breakeven price depends on many factors, including the solar resource, local electricity prices, customer load profile, PV incentives, and financing. In the United States, where these factors vary substantially across regions, breakeven prices vary substantially across regions as well. In this study, we estimate current and future breakeven prices for PV systems installed on supermarkets in the United States. We also evaluate key drivers of current and future commercial PV breakeven prices by region. The results suggest that breakeven prices for PV systems installed on supermarkets vary significantly across the United States. Non-technical factors -- including electricity rates, rate structures, incentives, and the availability of system financing -- drive break-even prices more than technical factors like solar resource or system orientation. In 2020 (where we assume higher electricity prices and lower PV incentives), under base-case assumptions, we estimate that about 17% of supermarkets will be in utility territories where breakeven conditions exist at a PV system price of $3/W; this increases to 79% at $1.25/W (the DOE SunShot Initiative's commercial PV price target for 2020). These percentages increase to 26% and 91%, respectively, when rate structures favorable to PV are used.

Ong, S.; Clark, N.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts............................................................................................................................... 12 Oil Price Forecast Range

250

Three Essays on Retail Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Reference Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.4.5 Reference Prices andChain-Level Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Elberg, Andres

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Distance Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effectsand Paul J. Seguin, "Price Volatility, Trading Volume andGoods in Pharmaceutical Price In- dexes," American Economic

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Bertrand and Cartel Prices Vary with z 7T, CS L Figure 5Distance Cumulative Abnormal Price Changes (%) Dissimilarof New Drug Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effects

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mid-January, 2000. WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per mid-January, 2000. WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from its low point in mid February 1999 to January 17, 2000. Over this same time period, New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents per gallon, reflecting both the crude price rise and the beginning of a return to a more usual seasonal spread over the price of crude oil. The week ending January 21, distillate spot prices in the Northeast spiked dramatically to record levels, closing on Friday at $1.26 per gallon -- up 50 cents from the prior week. Gulf Coast prices were not spiking, but were probably pulled higher as the New York Harbor market began to draw on product from other areas. They closed at 83 cents per gallon, an increase of 11 cents from the prior Friday. Crude oil had risen about 4 cents from

254

Noncommercial Trading in the Energy Futures Market  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

How do futures markets affect spot market prices? This is one of the most pervasive questions surrounding futures markets, and it has been analyzed in numerous ways for many commodities.

Information Center

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Charting Patterns on Price History Saswat Anand and WeiNgan Chin and SiauCheng Khoo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to forecast future price. As the definitions of these patterns are often subjective, every analyst has a need­ numerable sources of information when faced with the chal­ lenge to forecast future movement of price that patterns can be used to forecast future price movement. For example, the famous head

Chin, Wei Ngan

256

Describing Commodity Prices in the Energy Book System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Energy Book System (EBS) Version 1.20 modules require that users specify a forward price curve and volatility term structure for each commodity market underlying their portfolio. If users wish to measure and manage portfolio risk and/or value certain cross-commodity derivatives, such as spread options and generation assets, then they must also specify commodity price correlations. This report provides a 'first-cut' method for helping EBS users estimate parameters that describe the relevant power...

2000-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

257

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Pipeline and Distribution Use Price : 1967-2005: Citygate Price: ...

258

All Price Tables.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

8. Coal and Retail Electricity Prices and Expenditures, Ranked by State, 2011 Rank Coal Retail Electricity Prices Expenditures Prices Expenditures State Dollars per Million Btu...

259

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently.

260

Examination Procedure for Price Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... advertised or displayed at the same price that was ... to permit 2 % of products to be inaccurately priced? ... overall quality of a store's pricing practices. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

C. Uniform Unit Pricing Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to permit retail stores that voluntarily provide unit pricing to present prices using various ... with requirements that specify that the unit price is to be ...

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

262

An Empirical Analysis of Analysts' Target Prices: Short Term . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a large database of analysts' target prices, we examine short-term market reactions to target price announcements and long-term co-movement of target and stock prices. We find a significant market reaction to the information contained in analysts' target prices, both unconditional and conditional on contemporaneously issued stock recommendations and earnings forecast revisions. For example, the spread in average announcement day abnormal returns between positive and negative target price revisions is as high as 7 percent. We also find that stock recommendations and earnings forecast revisions are informative controlling for the information in target prices. Using a cointegration approach, we explore the long-term behavior of market and target prices and estimate the system's long-term equilibrium. In this equilibrium a typical firm's one-year ahead target price is 22 percent higher than its current market price. Finally, while market prices react to the information conveyed in analysts' reports, we show that any subsequent corrections towards the long-term equilibrium are, in effect, done by analysts alone.

Alon Brav; Reuven Lehavy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Natural Gas Spot Prices:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 26 4 of 26 Notes: Spot wellhead prices last summer averaged well over $4.00 per thousand cubic feet during a normally low-price season. During the fall, these prices stayed above $5.00 per thousand cubic feet, more than double the year-ago average price. In January, the spot wellhead price averaged a record $8.98 per thousand cubic feet. Spot prices at the wellhead have never been this high for such a prolonged period. The chief reason for these sustained high gas prices was, and still is, uneasiness about the supply situation. Concern about the adequacy of winter supplies loomed throughout most of the summer and fall as storage levels remained significantly depressed. Last December, the most severe assumptions about low storage levels became real, when the spot price

264

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 4.79: 4.68: 4.54: 4.47: 4.26: 4.33: 1989-2013: ...

265

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) Area: ... History; Citygate Price: 4.74: 4.99: 4.52: 4.48: 4.13: NA: ...

266

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.72: 8.18: 11.03: NA: NA: 7.19: 1989-2013: ...

267

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.14: 7.58: 8.34: 7.51: 7.39: 6.16: 1989-2013: ...

268

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) Area: ... History; Citygate Price: 4.81: 5.12: 5.31: 4.92: 4.64: NA: ...

269

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down 0.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in...

270

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),Figure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December ofbarrels per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Diesel prices decrease slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

272

Diesel prices rise slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices rise slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based...

273

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2013 Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on...

274

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

275

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

276

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Notes: Consistent with spot prices, residential propane prices have been higher all winter than during the past several years. The recent surge is mainly the result of the surge...

277

Career Services Pricing Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Job/Resume Posting and Prices Career Services Pricing Information Career Services Career Services chemistry jobs classifieds employment fats global help wanted job Jobs member membership network oils science jobs ...

278

EIA Energy Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, ...

279

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

280

Price Sound Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Price Sound Laboratory. NVLAP Lab Code: 200874-0. Address and Contact Information: 638 RALEIGH STREET WINNIPEG ...

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ”, QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. “Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.04 8.71 6.70 6.14 5.65 4.88 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.02 12.81 10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of...

283

Asymmetric Wholesale Pricing: Theory and Evidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asymmetric pricing or asymmetric price adjustment is the phenomenon where prices rise more readily than they fall. We offer and provide empirical support for a new theory of asymmetric pricing in wholesale prices. Wholesale prices may adjust asymmetrically ... Keywords: asymmetric price adjustment, asymmetric pricing, channel of distribution, channel pricing, cost of price adjustment, economic model, menu cost, retailing, scanner data, wholesale price

Sourav Ray; Haipeng (Allan) Chen; Mark E. Bergen; Daniel Levy

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Utility spot pricing study : Wisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spot pricing covers a range of electric utility pricing structures which relate the marginal costs of electric generation to the prices seen by utility customers. At the shortest time frames prices change every five ...

Caramanis, Michael C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Associates, citing NYMEX natural gas bid-offer spreadAnalysis of the Market for Natural Gas Futures. ” The EnergyProfiles of Renewable and Natural Gas Electricity Contracts:

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

287

Natural Gas Industrial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

288

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

289

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

290

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

291

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.72 7.50 3.16 3.64 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.66 8.22 3.88 4.13 3.75 2.45 1989-2012 Exports Price 6.16 8.14 3.63 4.05 3.82 2.40 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.42 7.71 5.63 5.17 5.11 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.91 11.45 9.50 8.64 8.80 8.06 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.76 11.32 9.41 8.54 8.66 7.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.5 79.6 49.2 54.6 53.3 52.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.75 11.04 9.06 8.07 8.13 7.54 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

292

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.02 8.73 3.82 4.23 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.98 9.76 3.89 4.84 7.57 7.98 1989-2012 Exports Price -- -- -- 7.07 9.63 11.80 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.22 9.58 5.96 5.43 5.67 3.48 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.20 15.49 13.15 11.73 11.37 11.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.83 13.52 10.46 9.88 9.36 8.44 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.0 98.4 92.0 85.9 83.6 78.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.08 9.32 4.31 4.68 4.25 2.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

293

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.67 8.12 5.87 5.62 5.11 4.31 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.15 11.11 9.34 8.95 8.84 8.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 85.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.19 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 63.9 57.5 61.3 60.6 60.6 55.8 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.97 9.12 6.02 5.85 5.61 4.34 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 9.7 10.2 8.9 8.2 7.6 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 15.10 15.29 1994-2012 Electric Power Price

294

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

295

Fundamentals Explain High Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: One can use a simple model to deal with price/fundamental relationships. This one predicts monthly average WTI price as a function of OECD total petroleum stock deviations from the normal levels . The graph shows the model as it begins predicting prices in 1992. It shows how well the model has predicted not only the direction, but the magnitude of prices over this 8+ year period. While the model is simple and not perfect, it does predict the overall trends and, in particular, the recent rise in prices. It also shows that prices may have over-shot the fundamental balance for a while -- at least partially due to speculative concerns over Mideast tensions, winter supply adequacy, and Iraq's export policies. Prices now seem to be correcting, and may even undershoot briefly

296

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

297

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

298

Energy prices, production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 price U K P ./kW h CHP adoption electyricity price to gas price ratio Figure 3. Energy price and CHP annual adoption (UK). Source: DTI (2002b) -5.00% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20... .00% 199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002 an nu al g ro w th r at e in C H P a do pt io n 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 price U K P ./kW h CHP adoption Gas price 10 Gas prices leveled off from 1996 onwards and then increased considerably growing by 33% during 1999-2002. In recent...

Bonilla, David

299

Consumer Prices During  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate City Gate City gate prices represent the total cost paid by gas distribu- tion companies for gas received at the point where the gas is physically transferred from a pipeline company or trans- mission system. This price is intended to reflect all charges for the acquisition, storage, and transportation of gas as well as other charges associated with the LDC's obtaining the gas for sale to consumers. Prices paid at the city gate by local distribution companies rose substantially between 1995 and 1996, climbing from $2.78 per thousand cubic feet to $3.27, an increase of 18 percent. Residential Residential consumers pay the highest price for natural gas. It increased to $6.34 per thousand cubic feet from the 1995 price of $6.06 per thousand cubic feet. However, the 1996 price was 1 percent lower than the 1994 price. In recent years, only modest changes in constant dollars have been

300

Connecticut Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Connecticut Connecticut Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Bridgeport BridgeportGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Hartford HartfordGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Haven NewHavenGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Stamford Automotive.com MapQuest.com Waterbury Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Hartford Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Connecticut Cities ConnecticutGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Connecticut Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Connecticut Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Connecticut Cities - MapQuest

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the use of OpenADR communications specification, related data models, technologies, and strategies to send dynamic prices (e.g., real time prices and peak prices) and Time of Use (TOU) rates to commercial and industrial electricity customers. OpenADR v1.0 is a Web services-based flexible, open information model that has been used in California utilities' commercial automated demand response programs since 2007. We find that data models can be used to send real time prices. These same data models can also be used to support peak pricing and TOU rates. We present a data model that can accommodate all three types of rates. For demonstration purposes, the data models were generated from California Independent System Operator's real-time wholesale market prices, and a California utility's dynamic prices and TOU rates. Customers can respond to dynamic prices by either using the actual prices, or prices can be mapped into"operation modes," which can act as inputs to control systems. We present several different methods for mapping actual prices. Some of these methods were implemented in demonstration projects. The study results demonstrate show that OpenADR allows interoperability with existing/future systems/technologies and can be used within related dynamic pricing activities within Smart Grid.

Ghatikar, Girish; Mathieu, Johanna L.; Piette, Mary Ann; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

302

Microsoft Word - Documentation - Price Forecast Uncertainty.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 2009 October 2009 1 October 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 Summary It is often noted that energy prices are quite volatile, reflecting market participants' adjustments to new information from physical energy markets and/or markets in energy- related financial derivatives. Price volatility is an indication of the level of uncertainty, or risk, in the market. This paper describes how markets price risk and how the market- clearing process for risk transfer can be used to generate "price bands" around observed futures prices for crude oil, natural gas, and other commodities. These bands provide a quantitative measure of uncertainty regarding the range in which markets expect prices to

303

Oil price shocks: Testing a macroeconomic model  

SciTech Connect

The main research objective was to answer the following question: Will Consumer Price Index forecast models utilizing computer oil-consumption ratios have better predictive capability as indicated by lower numerical differences from actual results than a model utilizing oil prices as the energy-related variable Multiple linear regressions were run on the components of the United States CPI to reduce them to a kernel set with meaningful predictive capability. New linear regressions were run with this kernel set and crude oil prices during the 1973 to 1984 time period. Crude oil prices were rationalized with a 1972 = 100 based index of GNP base petroleum consumption, the index of net energy imports, and the index of petroleum imports to create new oil substitute constructs to be used in multiple regressions with the CPI. Predictions obtained from the model were compared with actual results in the 1985-1987 time period to determine which model version showed the greatest predictive power. Results of the model tests show that oil prices are strongly related to the CPI, but neither the use of oil prices or the index of GNP-based petroleum consumption produced results that closely predict future prices.

Williams, D.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Imports Price 7.25 9.09 4.05 5.37 5.30 13.82 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.24 10.23 8.02 6.49 6.26 5.67 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.17 16.07 13.73 12.44 12.10 12.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 77.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 27.3 24.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 11.59 13.46 10.70 9.05 8.61 8.01 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.8 6.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.1 1997-2012

305

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.78 9.84 7.61 6.46 5.80 5.18 1984-2012 Residential Price 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.70 10.57 6.48 6.64 5.57 4.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 24.0 27.2 27.9 23.7 23.5 22.1 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012

306

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.32 10.34 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.34 10.29 8.29 7.74 7.04 6.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.99 17.18 14.85 14.53 13.81 13.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 87.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68 10.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 65.3 57.9 56.9 52.1 50.0 48.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 14.83 15.23 12.07 10.41 10.14 9.82 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 29.9 20.6 21.1 19.4 20.6 17.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.84 13.80 12.99 12.48 4.28 14.81 1990-2012

307

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 8.51 9.74 6.34 6.54 5.81 4.90 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1982-2005 Citygate Price 10.03 10.66 9.33 8.29 7.98 6.63 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.99 18.31 17.29 16.14 16.17 16.73 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.79 14.31 12.96 11.82 11.90 12.09 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100 100 100 100 100 100 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.08 9.60 7.93 6.57 6.09 4.89 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 78.0 79.6 77.9 77.1 80.9 100.0 1997-2012 Electric Power Price 7.72 9.14 5.66 5.73 5.26 4.14 1997-2012

308

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.35 10.39 7.81 7.04 6.28 5.52 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.66 16.22 14.74 12.90 12.46 11.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 48.5 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.64 12.09 9.19 8.23 9.86 9.58 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.4 5.7 4.5 3.8 2.0 1.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.83 8.30 5.15 3.76 3.40 7.96 1990-2012

309

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.83 8.94 5.59 5.52 4.97 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.29 12.65 10.81 8.63 9.46 8.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 94.5 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.1 77.9 73.9 72.5 70.2 67.5 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.45 10.48 6.91 5.65 6.53 6.19 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.4 6.7 7.0 5.6 3.5 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.09 7.94 4.08 5.19 13.24 12.29 1990-2012

310

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.97 9.73 5.76 5.49 5.07 3.93 1984-2012 Residential Price 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 97.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.56 11.72 9.41 8.33 8.07 6.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

311

Utah Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utah Utah Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Layton LaytonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Ogden OgdenGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Orem OremGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Provo ProvoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Salt Lake City SaltLakeCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Sandy SandyGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Jordan WestJordanGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Valley City WestValleyCityGasPrices.com Other Utah Cities UtahGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Utah Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com

312

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.67 10.24 6.81 6.58 5.92 5.12 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.39 17.85 14.81 14.93 13.83 14.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 96.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.54 12.63 8.44 9.60 9.16 8.83 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 50.0 47.3 37.5 31.1 31.0 32.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Electric Power Price 7.81 10.48 4.89 5.70 5.09 3.99 1997-2012

313

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.27 5.33 4.00 4.92 1979-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.14 8.82 7.79 6.78 5.84 5.21 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.65 13.89 14.52 12.49 11.76 11.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10 9.60 8.91 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.5 98.5 98.4 97.4 97.4 96.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.30 9.07 9.70 7.05 6.84 5.87 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 21.8 20.1 18.9 17.1 17.1 16.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.59 8.03 7.11 5.61 4.23 4.57 1992-2012

314

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.94 8.09 3.79 4.57 4.28 3.07 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.25 8.49 7.21 6.59 5.91 4.68 1984-2012 Residential Price 17.21 17.60 17.65 15.87 15.04 15.75 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72 9.99 9.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 93.4 93.1 88.0 88.7 87.8 86.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.49 10.47 8.19 7.54 6.86 5.78 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 31.3 29.6 29.1 25.5 24.2 21.4 1997-2012

315

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.57 6.94 3.21 3.96 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.23 6.98 5.09 5.26 4.94 4.26 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 9.77 8.80 8.13 8.25 8.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.21 8.76 6.57 5.84 6.42 5.79 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.5 0.6 0.5 5.2 7.5 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012

316

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.21 7.69 8.59 12.19 12.88 15.71 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1970-2005 Citygate Price 6.75 6.74 8.22 6.67 6.53 6.14 1988-2012 Residential Price 8.68 8.72 10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78 8.09 8.09 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.0 74.9 85.3 87.7 88.6 94.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 4.67 5.49 4.02 4.23 3.84 5.11 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 70.0 78.2 72.5 70.5 60.8 100.0 1997-2012

317

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.69 6.85 3.16 4.23 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.27 8.85 6.12 6.08 5.53 4.74 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.97 13.00 11.10 10.61 9.93 10.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65 8.89 8.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 64.8 64.9 65.7 66.0 62.6 59.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.17 9.42 4.59 5.49 5.28 3.95 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.9 7.8 6.7 7.0 9.5 8.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- 9.87 9.00 1994-2012

318

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 1967-1997 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.53 8.03 7.06 6.17 5.85 5.27 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 13.36 12.61 11.66 12.02 12.25 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28 9.99 9.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.9 77.5 76.7 76.5 73.1 69.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.84 11.32 9.55 8.70 8.54 7.93 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 12.8 13.9 13.2 13.1 13.4 12.5 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.44 8.66 7.86 6.34 6.11 5.64 1994-2012

319

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.61 8.72 3.43 3.84 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.55 8.88 7.86 6.76 6.27 5.36 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.08 14.09 13.39 11.53 11.46 11.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.51 10.56 8.44 7.28 7.44 6.38 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 4.2 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012

320

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.80 8.28 5.62 5.69 5.27 4.84 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.76 11.91 9.83 9.57 9.54 9.46 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81 7.55 7.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 77.7 75.8 72.5 72.0 72.1 72.3 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.56 9.32 6.23 6.10 5.78 4.70 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 6.5 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.2 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 11.68 -- -- -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 7.73 W W W W 3.84 1997-2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.57 9.77 4.48 4.94 4.40 3.45 1999-2012 Exports Price -- -- 5.62 4.53 4.46 4.30 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 10.46 13.47 8.64 8.19 8.14 7.73 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.90 17.47 16.43 14.14 14.20 15.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71 11.69 12.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 46.2 45.0 51.0 45.0 45.8 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 13.40 14.89 9.12 11.23 10.89 10.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 1997-2012

322

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 6.31 7.88 3.86 4.19 3.90 2.59 1989-2012 Exports Price -- 7.43 4.49 5.85 4.74 -- 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.68 7.48 5.63 4.82 4.65 4.07 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.47 11.07 10.54 8.95 8.80 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 84.8 86.0 83.7 82.0 80.8 77.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.39 9.18 8.53 6.39 6.36 5.73 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1997-2012

323

Prompt-Month Energy Futures  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prompt-Month Energy Futures Prompt-Month Energy Futures Prices and trading activity shown are for prompt-month (see definition below) futures contracts for the energy commodities listed in the table below. Note that trading for prompt-month futures contracts ends on different dates at the end of the month for the various commodities; therefore, some commodity prices may reference delivery for the next month sooner than other commodity prices. Product Description Listed With Crude Oil ($/barrel) West Texas Intermediate (WTI) light sweet crude oil delivered to Cushing, Oklahoma More details | Contract specifications New York Mercantile Exchange (Nymex) Gasoline-RBOB ($/gallon) Reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) gasoline delivered to New York Harbor More details | Contract specifications Nymex

324

Pricing Conspicuous Consumption Products in Recession Periods ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between changing the price p and its consequence on the development of A. The available cash B ... the emerging problem is a non-standard optimal control problem in the sense ...... fed-batch reactor with runaway conditions. ... future technologies, INFORMS, chap Coherent Approaches to Risk in Optimization Under.

325

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

326

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and past heating season. As you can see, prices have started the heating season, about 40 to 50 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The data presented are from EIA's State Heating Oil and Propane Program. We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly. These data will also be used to determine the price trigger mechanism for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. The data are published at a State and regional level on our web site. The slide is to give you some perspective of what is happening in these markets, since you probably will get a number of calls from local residents about their heating fuels bills

327

prices | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

prices prices Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 12, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses 2009 dollars per gallon. The data is broken down into crude oil prices, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and refined petroleum product prices. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Petroleum prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Petroleum Product Prices- Reference Case (xls, 129.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

328

Transmission Price Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is concerned with the financial risks that arise from the uncertain price of transmission service in restructured or competitive electricity markets. These risks are most severe in markets with locational pricing (LMP), but they also exist in more traditionally organized electricity markets. This report has two main purposes. The first is to review the existing mathematical models of electricity price formation in spot and forward markets that may be helpful as the foundations for developing ...

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

329

U.S. Gasoline Supply and Prices in the Summer of 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. House of Representatives. June ... scarce crude supplies encourage high near-term prices relative to those for future delivery ... The Wood River refinery is now ...

330

Data driven medium term electricity price forecasting in ontario electricity market and Nord Pool.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Having accurate predictions on market price variations in the future is of great importance to participants in today’s electricity market. Many studies have been done… (more)

Torbaghan, Shahab Shariat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Michigan Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Michigan Michigan Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Ann Arbor AnnArborGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Battle Creek BattleCreekGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Detroit DetroitGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Flint FlintGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Grand Rapids GrandRapidsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Kalamazoo KalamazooGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lansing LansingGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Sterling Heights SterlingHeightsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Michigan Cities MichiganGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com

332

Iowa Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Ames AmesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Cedar Rapids CedarRapidsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Council Bluffs CouncilBluffsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Des Moines DesMoinesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Dubuque DubuqueGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Iowa City IowaCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Quad Cities QuadCitiesGasPrices.com Sioux City SiouxCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Waterloo WaterlooGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Iowa Cities

333

Louisiana Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Louisiana Louisiana Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Baton Rouge BatonRougeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lafayette LafayetteGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lake Charles LakeCharlesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Metairie MetairieGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Monroe MonroeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Orleans NewOrleansGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Shreveport ShreveportGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Louisiana Cities LouisianaGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Louisiana Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com

334

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

335

Crude Price & Differential  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... , making it more competitive with other boiler fuels, and the price of residual fuel relative to crude oil increases. Thus, both the light ...

336

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","72013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","9302013"...

337

,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Texas Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

338

Residential Price - Marketers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

339

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

340

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

342

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

343

Natural Gas Exports Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

344

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By:...

345

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

346

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 Notes: Residential propane prices rose fairly strongly during the 1999-2000 heating season, gaining nearly 25 cents per gallon between October and March. Unfortunately,...

347

CA Following World Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light-heavy crude differentials fell and stayed down until the later part of 1997. Crude prices continued to weaken, but the light heavy difference ...

348

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

349

,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Iowa Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

350

,"Nebraska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

351

,"Vermont Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Vermont Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301980" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

352

,"Ohio Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

353

,"California Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

354

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

355

,"Maryland Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

356

,"Michigan Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

357

,"Illinois Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Illinois Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

358

,"Kansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

359

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arkansas Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

360

,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arizona Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

362

,"Minnesota Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

363

,"Florida Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

364

,"Tennessee Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

365

,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

366

,"Virginia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

367

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

368

,"Washington Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

369

,"Maine Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maine Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

370

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

371

,"Utah Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

372

,"Oregon Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

373

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

374

,"Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

375

,"Nevada Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

376

,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Delaware Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

377

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

378

,"Kentucky Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kentucky Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

379

,"Montana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

380

,"Idaho Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

,"Missouri Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

382

,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

383

,"Indiana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

384

,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

385

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Connecticut Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

386

,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

387

,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Hawaii Natural Gas Prices",8,"Annual",2012,"6301980" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

388

Price-Anderson Act  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Price-Anderson Act (PAA) provides a system of indemnification for legal liability resulting from a nuclear incident in connection with contractual activity for DOE.

389

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","72013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","9302013" ,"Next Release...

390

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

391

,"Idaho Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","102013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","172014"...

392

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January ...

393

California Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California California Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Bakersfield BakersfieldGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Fresno FresnoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Los Angeles LosAngelesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Modesto ModestoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Oakland OaklandGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Orange County OrangeCountyGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Riverside RiversideGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com San Bernardino SanBernardinoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com San Diego SanDiegoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

394

,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

395

,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

396

,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

397

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

398

,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

399

,"California Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"California Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

400

,"Florida Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Florida Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

402

,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

403

,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

404

,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

405

,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

406

Information-Based Asset Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new framework for asset price dynamics is introduced in which the concept of noisy information about future cash flows is used to derive the price processes. In this framework an asset is defined by its cash-flow structure. Each cash flow is modelled by a random variable that can be expressed as a function of a collection of independent random variables called market factors. With each such "X-factor" we associate a market information process, the values of which are accessible to market agents. Each information process is a sum of two terms; one contains true information about the value of the market factor; the other represents "noise". The noise term is modelled by an independent Brownian bridge. The market filtration is assumed to be that generated by the aggregate of the independent information processes. The price of an asset is given by the expectation of the discounted cash flows in the risk-neutral measure, conditional on the information provided by the market filtration. When the cash flows are th...

Brody, Dorje C; Macrina, Andrea

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Using Environmental Emissions Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from the California Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thePermit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thehigher wholesale electricity prices, during the third and

Kolstad, Jonathan; Wolak, Frank

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Import policy effects on the optimal oil price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A steady increase in oil imports leaves oil importing countries increasingly vulnerable tofuture oil price shocks. Using a variation of the U.S. EIA`s oil market simulation model, equilibria displaying multiple price shocks is derived endogenously as a result of optimizing behavior on the part of OPEC. Here we investigate the effects that an oil import tariff and a petroleum stock release policy may have on an OPEC optimal price path. It is shown that while both policies can reduce the magnitude of future price shocks neither may be politically or technically feasible. 21 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

Suranovic, S.M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

409

Spreading of a granular droplet.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of controlled vibrations on the granular rheology is investigated in a specifically designed experiment in which a granular film spreads under the action of horizontal vibrations. A nonlinear diffusion equation is derived theoretically that describes the evolution of the deposit shape. A self-similar parabolic shape (the granular droplet) and a spreading dynamics are predicted that both agree quantitatively with the experimental results. The theoretical analysis is used to extract effective friction coefficients between the base and the granular layer under sustained and controlled vibrations. A shear thickening regime characteristic of dense granular flows is evidenced at low vibration energy, both for glass beads and natural sand. Conversely, shear thinning is observed at high agitation.

Sanchez, I.; Raynaud, F.; Lanuza, J.; Andreotti, B.; Clement, E.; Aranson, I. S.; Materials Science Division; Univ. Simon; CNRS-ESPCI-Univ.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

THE SIMPLE ECONOMICS OF COMMODITY PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70, and in July 2008 it peaked at $145. By late 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing to $110 in 2011. Are speculators at least partly to blame for these sharp price changes? We clarify the effects of speculators on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We explain the meaning of “oil price speculation, ” how it can occur, and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, inventories, or derivatives (such as futures contracts). Turning to the data, we calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation is consistent with data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Trading volumes for Brent futures surpass WTI in 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trading volumes for Brent futures surpass WTI in 2012 . One of the many effects of the well-documented disconnect between the prices of Brent and West Texas ...

412

NYMEX Central Appalachian coal futures near-month contract final...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Release Date: January 7, 2013 Next Release Date: January 2014 NYMEX Central Appalachian coal futures near-month contract final settlement price history Data as of 12312012....

413

Utility spot pricing, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the present spot pricing study carried out for SCE and PG&E is to develop the concepts which wculd lead to an experimental design for spot pricing in the two utilities. The report suggests a set of experiments ...

Schweppe, Fred C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

High Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generators supplying electricity markets are subject to volatile input and output prices and uncertain fuel availability. Price-risk may be hedged to a considerable extent but fuel-risk — water flows in the case of hydro and gas availability in the case of thermal plants — may not be. We show that a price-taking generator will only generate when the output price exceeds its marginal cost by an amount that reflects the value of the option to delay the use of stored fuel. The corresponding offer price is different from the theorized offer prices of static uniform auctions and more akin to pay-as-bid auction prices. We argue that the option value of delaying fuel use, which is an increasing function of spot price volatility and the uncertainty about fuel availability, must be considered when evaluating whether market power is present in electricity markets. The engineering approach to simulating an electricity supply curve, which has been used in market power evaluations to date, may lead to supply curves that are quite different from those that recognize possible fuel availability limitations, even in the complete absence of market power.

Kevin Counsell; Graeme Guthrie; Steen Videbeck

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.43 9.92 9.93 9.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.5 99.3 98.9 98.5 98.3 97.4 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.75 7.75 8.30 8.28...

416

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.32 10.47 9.96 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 94.5 94.0 93.7 91.9 92.1 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.02 10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.34...

417

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.45 18.00 18.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.3 96.9 96.3 96.3 96.6 96.4 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.24 7.71 8.57 8.59 8.19 8.51...

418

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.95 8.22 8.44 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.03 7.74 7.57 6.83...

419

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.80 8.13 8.25 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58...

420

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.56 15.62 15.52 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.5 84.9 83.4 84.8 86.6 86.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.04 8.26 NA 12.27 12.69...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

44.50 55.28 52.86 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 28.31 39.01 30.00 36.55...

422

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

46.54 48.35 47.10 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 47.66 44.78 42.04 39.71...

423

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 20.55 20.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.9 94.3 95.8 96.3 96.9 97.1 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.02 7.81 NA 11.14 11.58...

424

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.13 10.78 9.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.74 12.77 10.42 9.25...

425

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 12.81 10.31 9.55...

426

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.64 22.31 24.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.25 11.64 12.74 13.72...

427

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.29 13.25 10.89 8.61 8.78...

428

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.40 23.86 24.98 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.22 8.78 9.48 11.32 NA...

429

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.49 13.53 13.60 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.34 7.44 7.87 7.47...

430

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.94 11.54 10.59 9.77...

431

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.54 13.68 14.03 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.84 7.09 7.64 8.62...

432

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.45 22.76 23.39 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.7 NA 98.2 97.8 97.8 97.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.02 11.18 10.63 11.39 11.21...

433

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.03 11.21 10.92 9.77...

434

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.85 NA 12.66 12.76 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.05 7.38 7.19 7.58...

435

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.83 9.57 9.54 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81...

436

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.08 12.85 12.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.48 6.85 7.51 8.17...

437

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.65 16.46 16.57 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.65 8.53 8.98 9.96...

438

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.01 21.87 21.86 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.39 8.95 8.93 8.99...

439

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.52 15.57 16.64 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 89.1 88.3 87.3 88.0 NA 88.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.33 6.34 6.53 7.25 NA NA...

440

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.00 22.97 23.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.53 11.62 11.68 11.97...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.39 8.58 8.72 8.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 54.0 77.3 77.8 75.4 75.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.89 8.87 8.01 7.13 7.29 6.92...

442

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.65 15.87 15.04 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72...

443

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.43 14.14 14.20 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71...

444

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.61 9.93 10.18 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65...

445

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.97 NA 20.70 19.90 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.6 88.3 88.1 NA 86.4 88.8 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.21 9.11 9.52 9.96 10.36 10.09...

446

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.16 13.22 14.39 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.04 6.38 6.56 6.78...

447

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.34 8.95 8.84 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.17...

448

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.46 10.21 9.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 13.01 10.67 9.39...

449

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.57 15.79 16.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.4 74.8 71.8 72.7 74.9 73.8 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.21 6.04 6.43 7.28 8.31 7.91...

450

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 16.48 18.75 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.1 73.5 72.5 71.2 77.7 69.6 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.30 10.67 11.84 12.79 NA...

451

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.99 9.52 9.84 9.27 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.45 8.33 8.58 8.79...

452

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.85 14.53 13.81 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68...

453

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.40 11.08 10.94 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.7 95.6 95.4 95.3 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.41 NA 7.85 8.46 8.03 8.05...

454

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.90 12.46 11.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47...

455

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.66 12.02 12.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28...

456

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.25 10.19 9.47 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.12 12.48 9.48 8.75...

457

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.59 17.76 18.15 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA NA 13.57 11.07 11.44...

458

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NA 14.63 16.02 16.53 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.6 90.7 NA 77.2 72.2 70.5 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.44 11.17 11.43 9.86 9.80...

459

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.53 11.46 11.77 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89...

460

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.79 15.09 16.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34...

462

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.69 NA 20.41 20.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.17 9.00 10.16 NA...

463

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.34 11.67 11.86 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.8 99.7 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.80 8.02 9.09 9.79 10.05...

464

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.81 14.93 13.83 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 NA...

465

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.36 11.18 8.95 8.53...

466

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.30 15.17 15.72 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95...

467

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.64 15.42 15.67 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.18 8.87 9.19 9.28...

468

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.99 8.76 8.85 7.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.14 10.52 7.96 7.60...

469

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.68 13.68 13.95 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 91.9 90.7 90.1 92.4 91.3 91.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.51 7.84 8.78 9.69 10.30...

470

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.82 22.69 23.37 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA 7.03 7.59 7.04 7.40...

471

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.66 12.16 NA NA NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.63 7.32 7.66 8.50...

472

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.07 14.86 16.01 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.84 6.66 7.31 8.29...

473

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.89 18.16 18.51 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.1 97.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60...

474

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.12 15.38 15.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.48 14.24 15.87 13.26...

475

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.87 19.85 20.26 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.3 86.5 86.3 87.2 87.5 87.5 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.87 10.27 11.46 12.38 12.89...

476

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.14 16.17 16.73 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.79 14.31 12.96 11.82...

477

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.21 16.37 NA 15.24 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.1 94.4 94.1 94.3 NA 94.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.29 9.54 NA NA NA 9.77...

478

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

22.67 24.86 24.96 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.32 9.36 10.21 10.86...

479

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.84 18.12 18.68 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.08 7.57 8.27 8.80...

480

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.52 12.49 11.76 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "futures price spread" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.35 14.56 14.97 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.11 8.45 10.98 9.67...

482

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.81 8.63 9.46 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.72...

483

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.24 12.30 11.89 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.38 11.49 12.26 10.49...

484

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.97 9.39 8.78 8.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 87.8 87.4 88.0 88.0 87.9 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.40 11.70 8.66 8.76 8.27...

485

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.56 NA NA 15.73 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.96 8.91 8.95 NA 9.23...

486

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.84 22.06 21.66 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.93 12.48 13.39 13.73...

487

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.54 8.95 8.80 8.37 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21...

488

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.82 10.21 10.90 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.77 11.25 8.15 7.90...

489

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.72 8.92 9.30 9.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.36 7.44 7.58 7.41...

490

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.73 12.44 12.10 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87...

491

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.27 23.23 24.07 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.89 7.90 NA 13.42...

492

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.52 5.09 4.11 1984-2012 Residential Price 10.76 12.07 8.97 9.39 8.78 8.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 87.8 87.4 88.0 88.0 87.9...

493

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.41 4.96 5.19 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.50 7.97 8.04 7.81 9.65 13.77 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.3 96.1 95.8 95.9 94.3 95.8...

494

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.42 5.23 4.70 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 6.99 6.93 7.31 8.93 12.51 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 88.4 87.3 87.5 84.9 83.4...

495

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.33 5.82 5.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.57 9.06 9.18 8.41 8.36 8.99 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

496

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

28.69 1989-2013 Residential Price 49.76 51.66 54.03 54.47 51.53 48.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

497

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.18 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.05 13.84 11.97 10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8...

498

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6.77 5.13 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.17 13.33 13.18 12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

499

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6.64 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.42 16.19 13.83 12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6...

500

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.37 4.80 5.79 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.11 8.74 8.81 8.93 10.04 11.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...