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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) | Jobs  

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Nanomaterials Postdoctoral Research Associate - Isolation of Device Quality Graphene (6482) - The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National...

2

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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CFN People CFN People Center for Functional Nanomaterials An Office of Science User Facility Home Facilities Proximal Probes Nanofabrication Materials Synthesis and Characterization Theory and Computation Advanced UV and X-ray Probes Advanced Optical Spectroscopy and Microscopy Electron Microscopy Research Interface Science and Catalysis Soft and Bio Nanomaterials Electronic Nanomaterials Electron Microscopy Theory and Computation Working at CFN Arrival & Departure Reports & Publications Data Management The Guide to Brookhaven Safety Procedures Operations Plan COSA Training Hours of Operation Laser System Qualification Transport of Hazarous Materials Publications News CFN News Research Highlights iCFN, the CFN Newsletter Videos Events People Staff List Science Advisory Committee Users' Executive Committee

3

iCFN | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Newsletter | Issue Archives  

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iCFNCenter for Functional Nanomaterials Newsletter iCFNCenter for Functional Nanomaterials Newsletter iCFN Home iCFN Archives CFN Home Brookhaven National Laboratory Issue Archives Monday, December 23, 2013 iCFN: Message from CFN Director Emilio Mendez A Message from Stanislaus Wong Updates for the User Community News and Notes iCFN User Spotlight-Latha Venkataraman: Advancing the World's Smallest Devices 10 Questions with Kevin Yager Tuesday, April 16, 2013 iCFN: Message from CFN Director Emilio Mendez A Message from Nathalie Bouet Updates for the User Community News and Notes From Laboratory to Industry: Unlocking the Potential of Graphene Engineering Catalytic Contacts with Binary Nanocrystal Superlattices 10 Questions with Eli Sutter Wednesday, January 2, 2013 Welcome to iCFN A Message from Nathalie Bouet Updates for the User Community

4

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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the CFN must be sent to the CFN User Administration Office at cfnuser@bnl.gov, or to Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 735, P.O. Box 5000, Upton, NY 11973. The CFN compiles...

5

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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Using CFN Facilities: Arrival and Departure Preparing for Arrival Training Safety is essential aspect of all work done at the CFN. Appropriate training is required for all facility...

6

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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at its National User Facilities, such as the CFN. These agreements stipulate the terms and conditions under which non-BNL employees may conduct work at the CFN. If you are...

7

Using CFN Facilities | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

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Using CFN Facilities Using CFN Facilities CFN facilities are available free of charge to scientists from universities, industry, and national laboratories worldwide, for non-proprietary nanoscience research projects. Access to the facilities is granted to external users through a peer-reviewed proposal system. Proposals are submitted electronically and reviewed and rated by an external Proposal Review Panel. Proposals must include the specific equipment requested, the scientific impact of the research project, and a description of the research to be conducted at the CFN. For an accepted proposal, the actual schedule for work at the CFN is jointly made by the leader(s) of the requested facility (or facilities), and the proposal's principal investigator. User Registration All researchers coming to the CFN to work at a facility must have an active

8

BNL | CFN: Electronic Nanomaterials  

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goals of our CFN research program in Electronic Nanomaterials involve implementing nanostructures for photovoltaic, photochemical, and electrochemical energy conversion. Our...

9

iCFN | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Newsletter  

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our activities in the laboratory and beyond. CFN sign News and Notes News and Notes graphene From Laboratory to Industry: Unlocking the Potential of Graphene Graphene, the...

10

CFN Operations and Safety Awareness (COSA) Checklist Electronic Nanomaterials Facility  

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Electronic Nanomaterials Facility Electronic Nanomaterials Facility Building 735 This COSA form must be completed for all experimenters working in the CFN and must be submitted to the CFN User Office for badge access. CFN Safety Awareness Policy: Each user must be instructed in the safe procedures in CFN related activities. CFN Facility Laboratory personnel shall keep readily available all relevant instructions and safety literature. Employee/Guest Name Life/Guest Number Department/Division ES&H Coordinator/Ext. Facility Manager COSA Trainer Guest User Staff USER ADMINISTRATION Checked in at User Administration and has valid BNL ID badge Safety Approval Form (SAF) approved. Training requirements completed (Indicate additional training specified in SAF or ESR in lines provided below):

11

CFN | Nanofabrication Group  

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CFN People Center for Functional Nanomaterials An Office of Science User Facility Home Facilities Proximal Probes Nanofabrication Materials Synthesis and Characterization Theory...

12

CFN Operations and Safety Awareness (COSA) Checklist Soft-Bio Nanomaterials Facility  

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Soft-Bio Nanomaterials Facility Soft-Bio Nanomaterials Facility Building 735 This COSA form must be completed for all experimenters working in the CFN and must be submitted to the CFN User Office for badge access. CFN Safety Awareness Policy: Each user must be instructed in the safe procedures in CFN related activities. CFN Facility Laboratory personnel shall keep readily available all relevant instructions and safety literature. Employee/Guest Name Life/Guest Number Department/Division ES&H Coordinator/Ext. Facility Manager COSA Trainer Guest User Staff USER ADMINISTRATION Checked in at User Administration and has valid BNL ID badge Safety Approval Form (SAF) approved. Training requirements completed (Indicate additional training specified in SAF or ESR in lines provided below):

13

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Data Management  

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Data Management at CFN Data Management at CFN The Center for Functional Nanomaterials encourages Users to bring with them high capacity data storage drives (such as flash drives or portable hard-disk drives), which will allow them to manage their data on their own computers. The transfer of data is conducted consistently on secondary, data-retrieval computers. The CFN currently offers several resources for Users to manage their data: The CFN provides all onsite Users the opportunity to acquire an account on a CFN-dedicated computer server. This data server, which is managed by BNL's Information Technology Division (ITD), provides Users with a location to store data that was obtained at CFN, to which the Users may have access after departing CFN at the conclusion of an onsite visit.

14

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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FEI Titan 80-300 FEI Titan 80-300 A dedicated Environmental Transmission Electron Microscope (E-TEM) Contact: Eric Stach This instrument is the first 80-300kV field-emission environmental transmission electron microscope to be installed in the US with an objective-lens aberration corrector. It has a spatial resolution of 0.08nm in the high-resolution phase contrast mode, and is capable of achieving this resolution at unusually high pressures due to the differential pumping apertures and custom pumping arrangement that is incorporated with the system. The maximum gas pressure for the environmental-cell is about 20mbar for N2, with other maximum pressures dependent on the atomic weight of the gas. As a result, this instrument is uniquely well-suited to imaging the fundamental mechanisms of catalysis and catalyzed nanostructure growth. The

15

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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» Electron Microscopy Facility » Electron Microscopy Facility TEM Sample Preparation Facilities Non-mechanical Sample Preparation Ion milling involves a sputtering process that is capable of removing very fine quantities of sample material. This method is often used as a final polish for TEM specimens that have been previously polished by mechanical means. Ion milling utilizes an inert gas such as Argon which passes through an electric field to generate a stream of plasma that is directed at the region of interest on the sample. Acceleration energies are generally from a few hundred volts to a few kilovolts. The TEM sample may be rotated to promote even polishing as well as tilted to control the angle of milling. The sputtering rate of ion milling is limited to a few tens of microns per

16

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)  

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JEM2100F Transmission Electron Microscope JEM2100F Transmission Electron Microscope The JEOL 2100F is a versatile general user field emission transmission electron microscope suitable for high-resolution imaging, Z-contrast imaging and offering chemical analysis capabilities. It can be operated at variable voltages between 80-200 kV both in scanning transmission and transmission electron microscopy mode (STEM/TEM). It is equipped with a Schottky field-emitter and two exchangeable objective-lens pole-pieces (an ultra high-resolution pole-piece with a 0.19 nm point-to-point resolution allowing ±20° sample tilt, and a high-resolution pole-piece with a 0.23 nm point-to-point resolution and ±30° sample tilt). photo of JEM2100F in use Analytical Capabilities Energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer (EDS, Oxford Energy TEM 250)

17

BNL | CFN Staff Directory  

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Staff List Name CFN Affiliation Al-Mahboob, Abdullah Interface Sciences Catalysis Bhatia, Surita Soft Bio Nanomaterials Black, Chuck Electronic Materials: Nanofabrication...

18

CFN | News  

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Center for Functional Nanomaterials News Antonio Checco Nano-Cone Textures Generate Extremely "Robust" Water-Repellent Surfaces Monday, October 21, 2013 Scientists create surfaces...

19

iCFN | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Newsletter  

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to renewable energy. superlattices Engineering Catalytic Contacts with Binary Nanocrystal Superlattices Critical to understanding heterogeneous catalysis is the...

20

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

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Science and Cataylsis Xiao Tong is a staff scientist in the Interface Science and Catalysis group of the Center for Functional Nanomaterials at Brookhaven National Laboratory....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Postdoctoral Researchers. Her research at the CFN focuses on the combination of ultrafast laser excitation with Low Temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (LT-STM)...

22

NSLS Endstations | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

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UV and X-ray Probes UV and X-ray Probes The CFN operates three end-stations at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) for nanomaterials characterization. The station located at the X9 beamline performs simultaneous small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering experiments for nano-scale structural characterization of a variety of materials. The Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (AP-XPS) station located at beamline X1A1 is capable of soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy for quantitative surface chemical analysis of a range of materials at gas pressures up to about 1 Torr. The undulator beamline U5UA hosts a station operating in ultra-high vacuum with a low-energy electron microscope (LEEM) and X-ray photo-emission electron microscope (XPEEM). The LEEM-XPEEM system can be used to study static and

23

BNL | CFN: Soft & Biological Nanomaterials  

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that are now became available. Approaches based on self-assembly of systems from nano-components might offer tremendous cost advantages and almost a magical ease of...

24

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Operations Plan  

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BES Safety Management System Quality Management Small Science Nano Safety Reference Guide Organizational Responsibilities CFN Director Emilio Mendez Operations Manager Robert...

25

Carbon Nanomaterials II & Computational Studies on Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2014 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications: Carbon Nanomaterials II & Computational Studies on Nanomaterials Sponsored by:...

26

Nanofabrication | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

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Nanofabrication Facility Nanofabrication Facility nanofabrication The Nanofabrication Facility is housed in a class 100/1000 clean room (5,000 sq. ft) dedicated to state-of-the art patterning and processing of thin films, nanomaterials, and devices. The instrumentation in the facility has been optimized to provide maximum flexibility for its users, with capabilities to pattern a variety of materials over a wide range of size scales, from 10 nanometers to 10 millimeters. The clean room is utilized to fabricate devices for nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, biomedical engineering, photovoltaics, x-ray optics, nanomagnetics and beyond. Capabilities High-resolution patterning by electron beam lithography, nanoimprint lithography, and optical lithography Thin-film deposition by electron beam and thermal evaporation, DC

27

CFN | Research Highlights Archive  

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Center for Functional Nanomaterials Research Highlights Archives Center for Functional Nanomaterials Research Highlights Archives Measurement of Spin Torque Non-adiabaticity in Magnetic Vortices Tuesday, December 10, 2013 Thermopower of Highly Conducting Au-C Bonded Single-molecule Circuits Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Resolution Limits of Electron-beam Lithography Pushed Towards the Atomic Scale Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Polymer Solar Cells Employing Förster Resonance Energy Transfer Monday, August 19, 2013 Mesoscale Linear Assembly of Nanostructures Monday, July 8, 2013 Sub 15-nm Patterns for Magnetic Recording Using Block Copolymers Monday, July 8, 2013 Engineering Catalytic Contacts with Binary Nanocrystal Superlattices Sunday, April 7, 2013 Chemical Modification of Self-Assembled Block Copolymers for Area-Selective Formation of Metal Oxide Nanostructures

28

Creation of Spinel and Functionally Graded Nano-Materials through ...  

Creation of Spinel and Functionally Graded Nano-Materials through Displacement Reactions Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity.

29

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Hours of Operation  

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CFN Hours of Operation CFN Hours of Operation Normal working hours at the CFN are 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Working Outside of Normal Hours CFN scientific and technical personnel, as well as external users, may need to work outside of normal operating hours, during which time support is limited and many colleagues may not be around. Therefore, working outside the 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. envelope on weekdays, or anytime on weekends and holidays, requires special precautions, especially if working in a laboratory. CFN users are expected to work at the CFN during normal working hours. Users with extensive experience working at the CFN may be granted permission by the appropriate facility leader and ES&H Coordinator to work after hours. Users first must complete the Request to Work After-Hours at

30

Design of an artificial functional nanomaterial with high recognition ability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An artificial macromolecule was designed as a novel nanomaterial with the backbone of phosphodiester and the side chain of functional molecules and nucleobases. The functional molecules tethered on d-threoninol and the nucleosides on d-ribose can be ... Keywords: Hybridization, Nanomaterial, Nucleobase, Photoregulation, Recognition ability

Xingguo Liang; Toshio Mochizuki; Taiga Fujii; Hiromu Kashida; Hiroyuki Asanuma

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

CFN | Video Library  

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for Academia and High Tech Industry. 357 Chee Wei Wong Ultrafast Dynamics in Graphene & Nanomaterials Joint Workshop on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Opportunities for...

32

BNL | Center for Functional Nanomaterials Operations Plan  

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Basic Rules Everyone Must Know Basic Rules Everyone Must Know Work Planning All work must be planned and reviewed for safety. Experimental Safety Reviews (ESRs), Safety Approval Forms (SAFs), and Work Permits are the documents used at the CFN. Make sure your project is reviewed and approved before you begin your work and that you follow all rules, regulations, and postings. Changes in procedures need to be approved before work commences. All individuals performing work at BNL are required to obtain a guest or permanent appointment before beginning work. You must wear your badge/ID at all times. Radioactive materials, chemicals, and equipment may not be brought into the Department without prior notification. Shipping ANY sample from BNL needs to be done through the shipping desk located in B98. Any radioactive material must be evaluated by the

33

CFN | Thin Films Group  

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Materials Synthesis and Characterization Facility Materials Synthesis and Characterization Facility Thin-Film Processing Facility Online Manager (FOM) website FOM manual ESR for lab 1L32 (High-Resolution SEM and x-ray microanalysis) CFN Operations Safety Awareness (COSA) form for 1L32 (ESR #1) Technical article on LABE detector (Analytical SEM) Request form for off-hours access (.doc, First time only, renewals done via email) Lab Tool capabilities Primary contact Training schedule Backup contact Booking calendar Booking rules SOP 1L32 Analytical SEM Camino Thurs 10-12 PM Stein FOM yes yes Hitachi S-4800 SEM Stein Tues 1-3 PM Black FOM no yes booking calendar: yes = need to reserve tool time in calendar before using tool booking rules: yes = specific rules exist for reserving tool time SOP = standard operating procedure (basic instructions)

34

BNL | CFN Laser System Qualifications  

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System Qualification There are multiple laser systems at the CFN. Users who will work with the following class 3b or 4 laser systems are required to complete the Laser Safety...

35

CFN Ops Plan | Work Planning  

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Operations Plan Operations Plan Work Planning & Control for Experiments and Operations All experimental work will be conducted in accordance with Work Planning and Control for Experiments and Operations, which ensures proper design and operation of all experiments prior to their commencement. CFN will use the SBMS provided standard form for the formal documentation. The Lead Experimenter/Responsible person will notify the Experimental Safety Review Committee of any new experiments or modifications to existing experiments. CFN will appoint an Experimental Safety Review Committee. This committee will consist of the Experiment Review Coordinator, CFN personnel, Facility Support Representative (FSR), Environmental Compliance Representative (ECR). Additional subject matter experts may be appointed on an ad-hoc

36

CFN Bldg 735 Safety Awareness  

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Bldg 735 Safety Awareness Bldg 735 Safety Awareness Fire Alarms: There are 2 different fire alarms in the CFN. The first being the normal ringing in the event of a fire. The second one is a temporal 3 (distinct ring) followed by a message to exit out the north(front) doors only. After evacuation go to the outdoor assembly area west side of the evacuation go to the outdoor assembly area west side of the building. SPECIFIC BUILDING HAZARDS: Lab 1L17 - Pyrophoric gases, flammable gases Clean Room Galley - Chlorine, Hydrogen Bromide, Pyrophoric gases, flammable gases CFN Bldg 735 Safety Awareness If you discover a fire, you should activate the Building Fire/Evacuation Alarm System. From a safe location, call the BNL emergency notification line at x2222 or dial 911. (Cell 631-344-2222)

37

Electron Microscopy | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

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Electron Microscopy Facility Electron Microscopy Facility Electron Microscopy This facility consists of four top-of-the line transmission electron microscopes, two of which are highly specialized instruments capable of extreme levels of resolution, achieved through spherical aberration correction. The facility is also equipped with extensive sample-preparation capabilities. The scientific interests of the staff focus on understanding the microscopic origin of the physical and chemical behavior of materials, with specific emphasis on in-situ studies of materials in native, functional environments. Capabilities Atomic-resolution imaging of internal materials structure with scanning transmission and transmission electron microscopy Spectroscopic characterization with energy dispersive x-ray

38

Proximal Probes | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

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Proximal Probes Facility Proximal Probes Facility proximal probes The Proximal Probes Facility consists of laboratories for microscopy, spectroscopy, and probing of nanostructured materials and their functional properties. At the core of the facility is a suite of instruments for in-situ microscopy of surfaces and nanostructures under extreme conditions, e.g., in reactive gases, and at high or low temperatures. Unique instruments enable in-situ and in-operando studies of surface chemistry and catalysis at pressures from ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) to 5 bar via complementary scanning tunneling microscopy imaging and photoelectron spectroscopy, coupled with real-time gas analysis. Several UHV systems are available for scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy, as well as low-energy electron microscopy and synchrotron photoelectron microscopy. A

39

Nanomaterials for bio-functionalized electrodes: recent trends  

SciTech Connect

This review intends to highlight the interest of nanomaterials for building biologically-modified electrodes. Rather than giving a comprehensive overview of the topic, the present work intends to give a flavour on the most exciting achievements and most recent approaches to get (and use) nanostructured electrode surfaces (or electrodes modified with nano-objects) comprising biomolecules. It will mainly consider nano-engineered functional polymers, nano-sized objects such as nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, graphene or related materials, as well as template-based nanostructures, as modifiers for bio-functionalised electrodes.

Walcarius, Alain; Minteer, Shelley D.; Wang, Joseph; Lin, Yuehe; Merkoci, Arben

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

Publication activities of Russian organizations in the area of functional nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bibliometric study of publications on functional nanomaterials in Russia and worldwide is presented. The Scopus -- abstracts database with analytical facilities (Elsevier, Netherlands) is used for defining the publication activity of Russian organizations. ... Keywords: Russia, bibliographic databases, bibliometric analysis, citation, functional nanomaterials, geomonitoring, publication activity, the Scopus database, world information flow

N. S. Soloshenko; V. M. Efremenkova; O. V. Kirillova

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

BNL | TCP News | Physicist James Dickerson Joins CFN  

The CFN is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRC) supported by the DOE, with research focusing on nanocatalysis, biological and soft ...

42

Design of a functional nanomaterial with recognition ability for constructing light-driven nanodevices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An artificial macromolecule (foldamer) was designed as a novel nanomaterial with the backbone of phosphodiester and the side chain of functional molecules and nucleobases. The functional molecules tethered on D-threoninol and the nucleosides on D-ribose ... Keywords: hybridization, nanodevice, nucleobase, photoregulation

Xingguo Liang; Toshio Mochizuki; Taiga Fujii; Hiromu Kashida; Hiroyuki Asanuma

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

CFN Operations and Safety Awareness (COSA) Checklist Proximal Probes Facility  

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Proximal Probes Facility Proximal Probes Facility Building 735 This COSA form must be completed for all experimenters working in the CFN and must be submitted to the CFN User Office for badge access. CFN Safety Awareness Policy: Each user must be instructed in the safe procedures in CFN related activities. CFN Facility Laboratory personnel shall keep readily available all relevant instructions and safety literature. Employee/Guest Name Life/Guest Number Department/Division ES&H Coordinator/Ext. Facility Manager COSA Trainer Guest User Staff USER ADMINISTRATION Checked in at User Administration and has valid BNL ID badge Safety Approval Form (SAF) approved. Training requirements completed (Indicate additional training specified in SAF or ESR in lines provided below): Select ESRs

44

CFN Operations and Safety Awareness (COSA) Checklist Electron Microscopy Facility  

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Electron Microscopy Facility Electron Microscopy Facility Building 735 This COSA form must be completed for all experimenters working in the CFN and must be submitted to the CFN User Office for badge access. CFN Safety Awareness Policy: Each user must be instructed in the safe procedures in CFN related activities. CFN Facility Laboratory personnel shall keep readily available all relevant instructions and safety literature. Employee/Guest Name Life/Guest Number Department/Division ES&H Coordinator/Ext. Facility Manager COSA Trainer Guest User Staff USER ADMINISTRATION Checked in at User Administration and has valid BNL ID badge Safety Approval Form (SAF) approved. Training requirements completed (Indicate additional training specified in SAF or ESR in lines provided below):

45

BNL | CFN: Transport of Hazardous Materials  

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Transportation of Hazardous Materials and Nanomaterials Transportation of Hazardous Materials and Nanomaterials The following contains guidance for transporting materials to and from BNL and for on-site transfers. All staff and users must adhere to Laboratory guidelines when making plans to move materials either by commercial carrier or in rented or personal vehicles. BNL hazardous material transport guidelines apply for products that meet the definition of hazardous materials according to 49 CFR 171.8 and any nanomaterial that has known hazardous properties (toxic, flammable, reactive). BNL guidelines are also provided for all other nanomaterials even if they have not been identified as hazardous materials. Some materials may be transported in personal vehicles as per "Materials of Trade" (MOT) guidance. The regulations for transporting MOT are much

46

Hierarchical Graphene Nanomaterials and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2011 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

47

CFN Operations and Safety Awareness (COSA) Checklist Nanofabrication (Clean Room) Facility  

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Nanofabrication (Clean Room) Facility Nanofabrication (Clean Room) Facility Building 735 This COSA form must be completed for all experimenters working in the CFN and must be submitted to the CFN User Office for badge access. CFN Safety Awareness Policy: Each user must be instructed in the safe procedures in CFN related activities. CFN Facility Laboratory personnel shall keep readily available all relevant instructions and safety literature. Employee/Guest Name Life/Guest Number Department/Division ES&H Coordinator/Ext. Facility Manager COSA Trainer Guest User Staff USER ADMINISTRATION Checked in at User Administration and has valid BNL ID badge Safety Approval Form (SAF) approved. Training requirements completed (Indicate additional training specified in SAF or ESR in lines provided below):

48

Nanomaterials: General  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2011... ideas, and instrumentation primarily through awards to the nation's ... Nanomaterials Control for Biotech Applications: Sungho Jin1; 1UC San...

49

Fact Sheets & Other Printed Material  

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Lab History News Categories Contacts Select a Category... Accelerator Test Facility Brookhaven Discoveries Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) Computational Sciences Center...

50

Exploring the Possibilities of the Smallest Scales | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

complicated geometries into silicon and other materials, nanofabrication lies at the heart of much of the work at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN). Inside...

51

Nanomaterials Chemistry Group - CSD  

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CSD CSD Organization Contact List Search Other Links CSD CSD Organization Contact List Search Other Links Selected Research and Development Projects The Nanomaterials Chemistry Group at Chemical Sciences Division, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts fundamental research related to synthesis and characterization of nanoscopic materials as well as ionic liquids for fundamental investigation of separation and catalysis processes. This group also conducts the applied research related to the applications of nanomaterials in advanced scintillators for radiation sensing, catalysts for fuel cells, radioactive tracers for medical imaging, novel electrodes for energy storage, and sensing devices for biological agents. Extensive synthesis capabilities exist within the group for preparation of mesoporous materials (oxides and carbons), low-dimensional materials (e.g., quantum dots and nanowires), sol-gel materials, inorganic and hybrid monoliths (e.g., membranes), and nanocatalysts. Solvothermal, ionothermal, templating synthesis, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), and atomic layer deposition (ALD) methods are extensively utilized in the group for tailored synthesis of nanostructured materials. An array of techniques for characterizing physical and chemical properties related to separation and catalysis are in place or are currently being developed. This research program also takes advantage of the unique resources at ORNL such as small-angle x-ray scattering, small-angle neutron scattering at the High Flux Isotope Reactor and Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), structural analysis by a variety of electron microscopes (SEM, TEM, STEM, HRTEM) and powdered X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. A wide variety of other facilities for routine and novel techniques are also utilized including the Center for Nanophase Materials Science. Computational chemistry tools are employed to understand experimental results related to separation and other interfacial chemical processes and design better nanomaterials and ionic liquids. Commonly used methods include first principles density functional theory (DFT) and mixed quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) techniques.

52

CFN | Doing Business with CFN  

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of research at Brookhaven National Laboratory, several paths exist along which companies can work with Brookhaven's scientific talent to accelerate innovation in their...

53

Sustainable Energy Sources and Nanomaterials (+$5 million ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sustainable Energy Sources and Nanomaterials (+$5 million for Advanced Solar Technologies; +$4 million for Nanomaterial Environmental Health ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

54

Brookhaven Nanoscience and Nanomaterials  

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Nanoscience and Nanomaterials Nanoscience and Nanomaterials The study of nanomaterials-materials on the scale of a nanometer, or a billionth of a meter-is a burgeoning area of study in physics, as well as materials science, chemistry, and biology. This research is an important because many physical and chemical properties of a material change dramatically at the nanoscale. At Brookhaven, physicists collaborate with materials scientists, biologists, and chemists on various nanomaterial research projects. One object under study is the carbon nanotube, a cylindrical carbon structure that is typically a few nanometers wide and can be up to millions of nanometers long. Carbon nanotubes possess exceptional electric and structural properties for their size, making them attractive for many applications. Now, Brookhaven scientists have found one more interesting property: A single nanotube can emit infrared light when a voltage is applied across it, which makes it the world's first electrically controllable light emitter. This research is ongoing, and the scientists hope to find a way to make the nanotube emit visible light.

55

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

631-344-3093 Email: msfeir@bnl.gov Matthew Sfeir Matthew Sfeir Electronic Materials: Ultrafast and Optical Spectroscopy Matt Sfeir is a staff scientist in the Electronic Materials...

56

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

program. He obtained both his B.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Washington in Seattle. Following post-doctoral work at the Fritz Haber Institute in Berlin and at Lawrence...

57

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ma900682u) Greene, A.; Grubbs, R. B. Current Methods for N-Alkoxyamine Synthesis. ACS Symposia 2009, 1024 (ControlledLiving Radical Polymerization: Progress in RAFT, DT,...

58

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z Xu, M Cotlet, H Wang, Synthesis and characterization of ethylene glycol substituted PPV derivatives, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2: ASAP (2010) Links: personal webpage...

59

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2007). In the study of his M. Phil. Degree, he synthesized bulk high-Tc cuprate superconductors (doped YBCO and BSCCO) by employing solid-state reaction methods and...

60

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of nanoparticles from noble metals and semiconductors, nanoparticles surface modification an DNA-driven nanoparticle self-assembly. She uses small angle X-ray scattering...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

2012 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) for Li-Ion Battery Anode ... Applications of TiO2 Nanotubular Arrays by Atomic Layer Deposition and Nanotemplating.

62

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

single-electron tunneling devices, superconductivity in metal nanoparticles, nanocrystal-based electronic devices, and ferroelectric non-volatile memories. He earned the...

63

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fcamino@bnl.gov Fernando Camino Fernando Camino Electronic Materials: Nanofabrication, Thin Film Materials and Devices Fernando Camino works in the Electronic Materials group of...

64

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and G. W. Flynn, "High-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy imaging of mesoscopic graphene sheets on an insulating surface," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of...

65

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

expertise of his covers semiconductor nanowire devices, organichybrid photovoltaics, nanomicrofabrication, and electronic transport & optoelectronic measurements. He received...

66

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fax: 631-344-3093 Email: pzahl@bnl.gov Percy Zahl Percy Zahl Interface Sciences Catalysis Percy Zahl is an Associate Scientist in the Proximal Probe Microscopy facility of...

67

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

916 Fax: 631-344-3093 Email: stenney@bnl.gov Samuel Tenney Interface Science Catalysis Samuel Tenney is a postdoctoral research associate in the Interface Science and Catalysis...

68

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

631-344-3093 Email: psutter@bnl.gov Peter Sutter Peter Sutter Interface Sciences Catalysis Peter Sutter leads the Interface Science and Catalysis Group in the Center for...

69

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

344-3093 Email: sadowski@bnl.gov Jurek Sadowski Jurek Sadowski Interface Sciences Catalysis Jerzy (Jurek) Sadowski is an Associate Scientist in the Proximal Probe Microscopy...

70

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

one-dimensional nanostructures: M. C. Strus, L. Zalamea, A. Raman, R. B. Pipes, C. V. Nguyen, and E. A. Stach, Nano Lett., 8 (2), 544 -550, 2008. Electrical properties of ZnO...

71

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy: The role of the third- and higher-order contributions, Deyu Lu, Huy-Viet Nguyen, Giulia Galli, J. Chem. Phys., 133: 154110, 2010. Van der Waals interactions in...

72

Energy Nanomaterials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2011 ... In particular, the applications of nanomaterials in the following energy fields will be covered: - Solar Cells (Thin Films, Organic, Dye Sensitized,...

73

Complementary Chemistry and Matched Materials  

Office of Science (SC) Website

T, almost never C or G. The same is true for the others. Brookhaven Lab researchers, led by physicist Oleg Gang in its Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN), used that...

74

Nanomaterials and the Environment & Instrumentation, Metrology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exposure Assessment of Nanomaterials October 6-7, 2009: Nanomaterials and the Environment & Instrumentation, Metrology, and Analytical Methods November 17-18, 2009:...

75

Nanomaterial-Based Electrochemical Biosensors and Bioassays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book chapter summarizes the recent advance in nanomaterials for electrochemical biosensors and bioassays. Biofunctionalization of nanomaterials for biosensors fabrication and their biomedical applications are discussed.

Liu, Guodong; Mao, Xun; Gurung, Anant; Baloda, Meenu; Lin, Yuehe; He, Yuqing

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

Thermal Transport in Nanomaterials for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Nanomaterials. Presentation Title, Thermal Transport in Nanomaterials for Energy Applications. Author(s), Xinwei Wang. On-Site Speaker ...

77

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Los Alamos National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Center for Function- al Nanomaterials (CFN) ­ and in part on its and energy technology, the life sciences, Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials nanoscience facilities, such as the National Synchrotron Light Source, Center for Func- tional Nanomaterials

78

Environmental and IH Considerations in Nanomaterial ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 12, 2007 ... ENVIRONMENT ? HEALTH ? SAFETY ? PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP ?. Establish a formal EHS management guideline for nanomaterials...

79

Using DNA to Build Nanomaterials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using DNA to Build Nanomaterials Using DNA to Build Nanomaterials Stories of Discovery & Innovation Using DNA to Build Nanomaterials Enlarge Photo Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory Oleg Gang, left, and Mircea Cotlet at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials. Enlarge Photo 05.09.11 Using DNA to Build Nanomaterials Scientists use complementary strands of synthetic DNA to build functional materials from the bottom up. Future applications include biosensors, optical nano-devices, and new kinds of solar cells. One central idea in the field of nanoscience is that if you can build things from the bottom up, atom-by-atom or molecule-by-molecule, you can rationally design materials to achieve desired functions. Taking a cue from how nature does this-using genetic code to instruct the

80

Assembly of Energy Nanomaterials via Water Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Assembly of Energy Nanomaterials via Water Based Assembly Paula T. Hammond Department of Chemical Engineering ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

POROUS SUBSTRATES FILLED WITH NANOMATERIALS - Energy ...  

A composition comprising: at least one porous carbon monolith, such as a carbon aerogel, comprising internal pores, and at least one nanomaterial, such as carbon ...

82

Nanomaterials Analysis using a Scanning Electron Microscope ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanomaterials Analysis using a Scanning Electron Microscope Technology available for licensing: Steradian X-ray detection system increases the detection capability of SEMs during...

83

Low Cost Nanomaterials for PV Devices  

Impact: Low-cost solution for solar energy (Expand to lighting, batteries, etc) Low-cost Nanomaterials for PV Devices . Title: Slide 1 Author: Donna ...

84

Automated Transmission Kikuchi Diffraction for Nanomaterials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Automated Transmission Kikuchi Diffraction for Nanomaterials Characterization in the SEM. Author(s), Scott Sitzman. On-Site Speaker...

85

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Nanomaterials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NANOMATERIALS THEORY INSTITUTE (NTI): THEORY, MODELING & SIMULATION CAPABILITIES NTI Computational Cluster The NTI maintains a 12 teraflop Beowulf cluster in support of the...

86

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Nanomaterials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NANOMATERIALS THEORY INSTITUTE (NTI): Computational Nanoscience End-station (CNE) In analogy to experimental end-stations at large experimental facilities, the Computational...

87

The U.S. Depar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-12) -12) Basic Energy Sciences The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is an internationally recognized, user-oriented re- search facility. Its dual mission is to serve as an open facility for the nanoscience and nanotech- nology research communities and to advance the science and technology of nanomaterials that address the nation's energy challenges. Internal re search programs at the CFN focus on three experimental and theoretical areas: Interface Science for Nanocatalysis; Electronic Nanomaterials; and Soft & Biolog- ical Nanomaterials. External users of the CFN investigate diverse research topics, such as ef- ficient catalysts, fuel cell chemistries and ar- chitectures, and photovoltaic (solar cell) com- ponents. These users can take advantage

88

The U.S. Depar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2-12) 2-12) Basic Energy Sciences The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is an internationally recognized, user-oriented re- search facility. Its dual mission is to serve as an open facility for the nanoscience and nanotech- nology research communities and to advance the science and technology of nanomaterials that address the nation's energy challenges. Internal re search programs at the CFN focus on three experimental and theoretical areas: Interface Science for Nanocatalysis, Electronic Nanomaterials, and Soft & Biolog- ical Nanomaterials. External users of the CFN investigate diverse research topics, such as ef- ficient catalysts, fuel cell chemistries and ar- chitectures, and photovoltaic (solar cell) com- ponents. These users can take advantage

89

Fact Sheets & Other Printed Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanomaterials (CFN) Computational Sciences Center (CSC) Counterterrorism Initiatives Diversity Programs Educational Programs Energy Sciences Exhibit Displays General Information...

90

Advanced Optics | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Spectroscopy and Microscopy Optical Spectroscopy and Microscopy optics The Advanced Optical Spectroscopy & Microscopy Facility combines a broad range of optical instruments suitable for studies of optical properties of hard, soft or biological materials using ultrafast and nonlinear spectroscopy, and single-molecule optical and confocal methods. Capabilities Fluorescence imaging (up to five channels simultaneously), two-color fluorescence lifetime imaging, spectral imaging, and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy Fluorescence lifetime measurements, including time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy and time-resolved fluorescence spectra, using single-photon counting and fluorescence upconversion methods Single-molecule spectroscopy: fluorescence intensity, lifetimes, anisotropy and fluorescence spectra

91

Novel Functionalized Nanomaterials for Organic Decontamination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... oxide (TiO2)-graphene-rhamnolipid for decontamination of organics (methyl orange, phenol and diesel) from water. The results show the advantage of organic...

92

Brookhaven National Laboratory Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

source that does not produce much waste. Natural gas, oil, and coal are good sources of hydro- gen, but the reaction process is very wasteful, producing enough carbon monoxide...

93

2010 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geometry Dependence of the Strain-driven Self-rolling of Semiconductor Nanotubes Gold Nano-Engineered Mercury Sensor for Alumina Refineries.

94

2013 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013... and they result in a power conversion efficiency of 2.5% under AM 1.5G .... the area of short-haul applications such as local area networks, appliances, ... applications such as their signal absorption loss that is largely due to...

95

Theory and Computation | Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theory and Computation theory and computation Flexible computational infrastructure, software tools and theoretical consultation are provided to support modeling and understanding...

96

Assembly of ordered carbon shells on semiconducting nanomaterials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In some embodiments of the invention, encapsulated semiconducting nanomaterials are described. In certain embodiments the nanostructures described are semiconducting nanomaterials encapsulated with ordered carbon shells. In some aspects a method for producing encapsulated semiconducting nanomaterials is disclosed. In some embodiments applications of encapsulated semiconducting nanomaterials are described.

Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

97

2007 Synthesis and Self-assembly of Nanomaterials Workshop Summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis and Self-assembly of Nanomaterials Synthesis and Self-assembly of Nanomaterials Co-Organizers: Xiao-Min Lin (CNM) and Moonsub Shim (UIUC) A combination of advanced synthesis and assembly of molecular and nanoscale building blocks is one of the most promising routes to new macroscopic hybrid materials with unique and complex functionalities. During the past decade, many molecular and nanoscale building blocks have been synthesized with different morphologies and compositions, including conjugated polymers, inorganic nanocrystals, nanowires and nanotubes. Despite the continued advances in various aspects, many challenges remain to be addressed at different stages en route to applications. This full day workshop, organized by Xiao-Min Lin (CNM) and Moonsub Shim (UIUC), focused on how to

98

BNL | CFN: Electron Microscopy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and chemistry at the atomic scale is crucial to modern materials science and nanotechnology. Advanced electron microscopy can provide the fundamental knowledge that will...

99

BNL | CFN: Theory & Computation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theory and Computation Contact: Mark Hybertsen Advances in theory, numerical algorithms and computational capabilities have enabled an unprecedented opportunity for fundamental...

100

Nanomaterials Safety Implementation Plan, Ames Laboratory | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanomaterials Safety Implementation Plan, Ames Laboratory Nanomaterials Safety Implementation Plan, Ames Laboratory Nanomaterials Safety Implementation Plan, Ames Laboratory Ames Laboratory has limited activities involving nanomaterials. Potential hazards associated with nanomaterials work are addressed through the Laboratory's Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) and specifically the Readiness Review process. Readiness Review provides the identification and evaluation of potential hazards and establishes effective control mechanisms to ensure protection of the employee and the environment. To date, hazards associated with projects involving nanomaterials have been determined to be amenable to conventional controls such as ventilation and use of personal protective equipment. The Laboratory recognizes that nanotechnology is an emerging field and that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

First-Principles-Based Nanomaterials Design for Solar Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Energy Nanomaterials. Presentation Title, First-Principles-Based...

102

Fatigue and Fracture of Thin Films and Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developments in flexible electronic materials systems and nanomaterials for energy harvesting or storage applications - Magnetic and shape memory properties...

103

Nano-plasma Interactions in Optical and Meta-nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Optical Nanomaterials for Photonics/Biophotonics. Presentation Title, Plasma...

104

The U.S. Depar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12) 12) Basic Energy Sciences The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is an interna- tionally recognized, user- oriented research facility. Its dual mission is to serve as an open facility for the nanoscience and nano- technology research com- munities and to advance the science and technol- ogy of nanomaterials that address the nation's en- ergy challenges. External users of the CFN investigate diverse research topics, such as efficient catalysts, fuel cell chemistries and architectures, and photo- voltaic (solar cell) components. Internal re- search programs at the CFN focus on three experimental and theoretical areas: Interface science for nanocatalysis Nanocatalysis uses tiny structures, a few nanometers (billionths of a meter) in dimen-

105

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Nanomaterials Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carlos Gutierrez Carlos Gutierrez Carlos Gutierrez Acting Manager Resources Department Outlook Calendar (PCs only) Link for others: Outlook Public Folders/ All Public Folders/ VP-01000/ Centers/ 01100/ 01112/ 01112 Calendar" 01112 Sharepoint Diamond Coatings Socorro DFT Code Departments Nanomaterials Sciences The Nanomaterials Sciences Department develops innovative science to enable integrated self-powered sensors and actuators for national security needs and provides a basis for a secure national energy future. In order to accomplish this vision, the department performs fundamental research in the areas of sensors and actuators, energy storage and delivery, energy conversion and harvesting, device integration and energy transport, solid state lighting, and the role of defects in all of these broad category

106

Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University A nanomaterial, as defined by The ASTM Committee on Nanotechnology, is a particle withlengths in 2 or 3 dimensions between 1 to 100 nm that mayor may not have a size related intensive property. Nanomaterials are of increasing interest due to their unique properties compared to the same material on the micro and macroscopic scales and their potential associated applications based upon these properties. The Boise State University Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) provides general guidance in regard to safely handling chemicals in a laboratory setting, but nanomaterials can come with unique and/or unknown risks and warrant being specifically addressed. Labs must adhere to the CHP and may need to

107

Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University Nanomaterial Laboratory Safety, Boise State University A nanomaterial, as defined by The ASTM Committee on Nanotechnology, is a particle withlengths in 2 or 3 dimensions between 1 to 100 nm that mayor may not have a size related intensive property. Nanomaterials are of increasing interest due to their unique properties compared to the same material on the micro and macroscopic scales and their potential associated applications based upon these properties. The Boise State University Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) provides general guidance in regard to safely handling chemicals in a laboratory setting, but nanomaterials can come with unique and/or unknown risks and warrant being specifically addressed. Labs must adhere to the CHP and may need to

108

Particle Size Effect in Nanomaterials Using Phase Field Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This reduction can also be predicted by Herring's scaling law. However, it is observed that the sintering of nanomaterials deviates from Herring scaling law.

109

A New Class of Molecularly-tailored Nanomaterials and Interfaces ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, A New Class of Molecularly-tailored Nanomaterials and Interfaces For Energy Conversion and Thermal Management. Author(s), Ganpati ...

110

Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs and Solar Cells  

Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs and Solar Cells . IB-2044, IB-2231 . ... U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.

111

Experiment Hazard Class 14.2 - Nanomaterials - Liquid Suspension  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are recommended for normal handling of suspended nanomaterials. Gloves must be plastic or rubber, selected to also protect against any solvent used. Dosimetry and...

112

Experiment Hazard Class 14.1 - Nanomaterials - Contained or in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Gloves are recommended for normal handling of embedded nanomaterials. Gloves must be plastic or rubber, selected to also protect against any solvent used. Dosimetry and...

113

Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and Other Large Systems Event Sponsor: Leadership Computing Facility Seminar Start Date: Dec 5 2013 - 2:00pm...

114

Quarterly Report: Microchannel-Assisted Nanomaterial Deposition Technology for Photovoltaic Material Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Quarterly report to ITP for Nanomanufacturing program. Report covers FY11 Q2. The primary objective of this project is to develop a nanomanufacturing process which will reduce the manufacturing energy, environmental discharge, and production cost associated with current nano-scale thin-film photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing approaches. The secondary objective is to use a derivative of this nanomanufacturing process to enable greener, more efficient manufacturing of higher efficiency quantum dot-based photovoltaic cells now under development. The work is to develop and demonstrate a scalable (pilot) microreactor-assisted nanomaterial processing platform for the production, purification, functionalization, and solution deposition of nanomaterials for photovoltaic applications. The high level task duration is shown. Phase I consists of a pilot platform for Gen II PV films along with parallel efforts aimed at Gen III PV quantum dot materials. Status of each task is described.

Palo, Daniel R.

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

115

BNL | CFN: Interface Science & Catalysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interface Science & Catalysis Contact: Peter Sutter The world is facing unprecedented challenges in satisfying a rapidly growing demand for energy while reducing negative impacts...

116

BNL | CFN Science Advisory Committee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phone: 301-975-3716 Expiring September 30, 2015 Professor Marc Baldo Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology 77...

117

Cytotoxicological Response to Engineered Nanomaterials: A Pathway-Driven Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoparticles, while included in a growing number of consumer products, may pose risks to human health due to heavy metal leaching and/or the production of reactive oxygen species following exposures. Subcellular mechanisms of action triggered as a result of exposure to various nanoparticles are still largely unexplored. In this work, an effort to elucidate such toxicological parameters was accomplished by evaluating oxidative stress generation, changes in gene and protein expression, and cell cycle status after low-dose exposures to a variety of metal and carbon-based nanomaterials in primary human dermal cells. Additionally, mitigation of nanoparticle toxicity via microencapsulation was investigated to assess the feasibility of utilizing nanomaterials in dermally implantable biosensor applications. Cellular immune and inflammatory processes were measured via qPCR and immunoblotting, which revealed gene and protein expression modulation along the NF-kappaB pathway after a variety of nanoparticle exposures. The role of immunoregulatory transcription factor NF-kappaB was examined in an oxidative stress context in cells exposed to a panel of nanoparticles, whereby glutathione conversion and modulation of oxidative stress proteins in normal and NF-kappaB knockdown human dermal fibroblasts were monitored. Results revealed decreased antioxidant response and corresponding increased levels of oxidative stress and cell death in exposed normal cells, compared to NF-kappaB incompetent cells. However, reactive oxygen species production was not an absolute precursor to DNA damage, which was measured by the comet assay, gamma-H2AX expression, and flow cytometry. Protein analysis revealed that map kinase p38, rather than p53, was involved in the halting of the cell cycle in S-phase after ZnO exposures, which caused DNA double strand breaks. Microencapsulation of fluorescent quantum dot nanoparticles, specifically, was utilized as a method to improve system functionality and surrounding cellular viability for the purpose of a dermal analyte detection assay. In vitro results indicated a functional localization of nanoparticles, as well as cessation of cellular uptake. Subsequently, cellular metabolism was unaffected over the range of time and concentrations tested in comparison to unencapsulated quantum dot treatments, indicating the usefulness of this technique in developing nanoparticle-driven biomedical applications.

Romoser, Amelia Antonia

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Nanomaterials: Research, Development and Technology (R&D&T)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, An overview will be given of nanomaterials Science and ... Roadmaps 2010 2020 for nanoscience environment and climate change and ... on the Particle Size of NiFe2O4 Spinel Nanopowder during Solid-State Reactions.

119

Atomistic simulations of chemomechanical processes in nanomaterials under extreme environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complex chemomechanical behavior of nanomaterials under extreme thermal and mechanical environments is of interest for a range of basic science and defense applications. By the limitation of experimental approaches for ...

Cho, Hansohl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

In situ XAS Characterization of Catalytic Nano-Materials with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

XAS Characterization of Catalytic Nano-Materials with Applications to Fuel Cells and Batteries Friday, July 12, 2013 - 11:00am SLAC, Conference Room 137-322 Presented by Qingying...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ME EET Seminar: Conductive Polymer Matrix to Enable Si Nanomaterials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conductive Polymer Matrix to Enable Si Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Speaker(s): Gao Liu Date: February 17, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: Campus TBD For more information about this...

122

Engineered Nanomaterials, Sexy New Technology and Potential Hazards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Engineered nanomaterials enhance exciting new applications that can greatly benefit society in areas of cancer treatments, solar energy, energy storage, and water purification. While nanotechnology shows incredible promise in these and other areas by exploiting nanomaterials unique properties, these same properties can potentially cause adverse health effects to workers who may be exposed during work. Dispersed nanoparticles in air can cause adverse health effects to animals not merely due to their chemical properties but due to their size, structure, shape, surface chemistry, solubility, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, mutagenicity, dermal toxicity, and parent material toxicity. Nanoparticles have a greater likelihood of lung deposition and blood absorption than larger particles due to their size. Nanomaterials can also pose physical hazards due to their unusually high reactivity, which makes them useful as catalysts, but has the potential to cause fires and explosions. Characterization of the hazards (and potential for exposures) associated with nanomaterial development and incorporation in other products is an essential step in the development of nanotechnologies. Developing controls for these hazards are equally important. Engineered controls should be integrated into nanomaterial manufacturing process design according to 10CFR851, DOE Policy 456.1, and DOE Notice 456.1 as safety-related hardware or administrative controls for worker safety. Nanomaterial hazards in a nuclear facility must also meet control requirements per DOE standards 3009, 1189, and 1186. Integration of safe designs into manufacturing processes for new applications concurrent with the developing technology is essential for worker safety. This paper presents a discussion of nanotechnology, nanomaterial properties/hazards and controls.

Beaulieu, R A

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

123

Relating nanomaterial properties and microbial toxicity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanomaterials are meeting diverse needs in consumer and industrial products. Metal and metal oxide nanoparticles are among the most commonly used materials and their potential for adversely affecting environmental systems raises concern. Complex microbial consortia underlie environmental processes, and the potential toxicity of nanoparticles to microbial systems, and the consequent impacts on trophic balances, is particularly worrisome. The diverse array of metal and metal oxides, the different sizes and shapes that can be prepared and the variety of possible surface coatings complicate toxicity assessments. Further complicating toxicity interpretations are the diversity of microbial systems and their metabolic capabilities. Here, we review various studies focused on nanoparticle-microbial interactions in an effort to correlate the physical-chemical properties of engineered metal and metal oxide nanoparticles to their biological response. Gaining a predictive understanding of nanoparticle toxicity, based on the physical-chemical properties of the material, will be key to the design and responsible use of nanotechnologies. General conclusions regarding the parent material of the nanoparticle and nanoparticle s size and shape on potential toxicity can be made. However, the surface coating of the material, which can be altered significantly by environmental conditions, can ameliorate or promote microbial toxicity. Understanding nanoparticle transformations and how the nanoparticle surface can be designed to control toxicity represents a key area for further study. Additionally, the vast array of microbial species and their intrinsic metabolic capabilities complicates extrapolations of nanoparticle toxicity. A molecular-based understanding of the various microbial responses to nanoparticle-induced stress is needed. Ultimately, to interpret the effect and eventual fate of engineered materials in the environment, an understanding of the relationship between nanoparticle properties and microbial response will be essential.

Suresh, Anil K [ORNL; Pelletier, Dale A [ORNL; Doktycz, Mitchel John [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

2011 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to present three-minute oral summaries of their posters using two page of summary slide ... Abstracts Due, 08/02/2010 ... Effect of Temperature Schedule on the Particle Size of NiFe2O4 Spinel Nanopowder during Solid-State Reactions.

125

Advanced nanomaterials in multimodal imaging: design, functionalization, and biomedical applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The biomedical applications of nanoparticles in molecular imaging, drug delivery, and therapy give rise to the term "nanomedicine" and have led to ever-growing developments in the past decades. New generation of imaging probes (or contrast agents) and ...

Zhe Liu; Fabian Kiessling; Jessica Gtjens

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Recent development of the synthesis and engineering applications of one-dimensional boron nitride nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials with novel photoelectric, magnetic, mechanical, and electronic transport properties have long been the research focus throughout the world. Herein, the recent achievements in preparation of 1D boron nitride nanomaterials, ...

Changhui Sun; Hongxiao Yu; Liqiang Xu; Qiang Ma; Yitai Qian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Flame Synthesis of One-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis of One-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanomaterials Synthesis of One-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanomaterials Alexei V. Saveliev Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA Robust, scalable, and energy efficient methods of nanomaterial synthesis are needed to meet the demands of current and potential applications. Flames have been successfully applied for the synthesis of metal oxide and ceramic nanopowders largely composed of spherical particles and their aggregates. In recent years, premixed and diffusion flames have been employed for the synthesis of 1-D carbon nanoforms such as carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes. The extension of flame methods to gas phase and solid support synthesis of 1-D inorganic nanoforms is of great interest and significance. This talk presents

128

Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible Cancer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible Cancer Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible Cancer Treatment Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible Cancer Treatment June 4, 2012 - 3:05pm Addthis Argonne nanoscientist Elena Rozhkova is studying ways to enlist nanoparticles to treat brain cancer. This nano-bio technology may eventually provide an alternative form of therapy that targets only cancer cells and does not affect normal living tissue. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What is a nano-bio catalyst? A nanoparticle that triggers specific reactions in cells. The particle attaches to unwanted (tumor) cells, and when researchers shine light on them, they kill the cells through oxidation.

129

Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and Other Large Systems Event Sponsor: Leadership Computing Facility Seminar Start Date: Dec 5 2013 - 2:00pm Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Dmitri G. Fedorov Speaker(s) Title: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Host: Yuri Alexeev Our approach to large scale calculations is based on fragmenting a molecular system into pieces, and performing quantum-mechanical calculations of these fragments and their pairs in the fragment molecular orbital method (FMO). After a brief summary of the methodology, some typical applications to protein-ligand complexes, chemical reactions in explicit solvent, and nanomaterials (silicon nanowires, zeolites.

130

Understanding nano-materials from first principles Leeor Kronik  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding nano-materials from first principles Leeor Kronik Department of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann Institute of science, Rehovoth 76100 Nano-sized materials often exhibit exciting new traditional solid-state physics models are applicable to the intermediate nano- size range. As a result, first

Adler, Joan

131

Multitasking mesoporous nanomaterials for biorefinery applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The incorporation of a different organic functional group into MSN provides a selective adsorbent for separation and purification of ?-tocopherol from microalgae oil. The functional group with electron deficient aromatic rings demonstrated high sequestration capacity and selectivity of {alpha}-tocopherol.

Kandel, Kapil [Ames Laboratory

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

132

Program on Technology Innovation: Applications of Advanced Nanomaterials for Ultracapacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past decade, nanotechnology has become an important component in ultracapacitor research. Researchers have been able to identify the unique properties of nanomaterials, particularly carbon nanotubes, which can serve useful purposes in ultracapacitors. With nanometer-long diameters, nanotubes exhibit high surface area and low resistivity, among other unique properties, making them ideal candidates for ultracapacitor electrodes. Nanotube-based ultracapacitors have been built and tested in research l...

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

133

The design, synthesis, and optimization of nanomaterials fabricated in supercritical carbon dioxide .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents investigations into the design and synthesis of nanomaterials in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-CO?) as well as novel experimental design methodologies. First, the (more)

Casciato, Michael John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Inorganic Nanomaterials for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to synthesize nanomaterials by mixing molten salt (alkali nitrate salt eutectics) with inorganic nanoparticles. The thermo-physical properties of the synthesized nanomaterials were characterized experimentally. Experimental results allude to the existence of a distinct compressed phase even for the solid phase (i.e., in the nanocomposite samples). For example, the specific heat capacity of the nanocomposites was observed to be enhanced after melting and re-solidification - immediately after their synthesis; than those of the nanocomposites that were not subjected to melting and re-solidification. This shows that melting and re-solidification induced molecular reordering (i.e., formation of a compressed phase on the nanoparticle surface) even in the solid phase - leading to enhancement in the specific heat capacity. Numerical models (using analytical and computational approaches) were developed to simulate the fundamental transport mechanisms and the energy storage mechanisms responsible for the observed enhancements in the thermo-physical properties. In this study, a simple analytical model was proposed for predicting the specific heat capacity of nanoparticle suspensions in a solvent. The model explores the effect of the compressed phase that is induced from the solvent molecules - at the interface with individual nanoparticles in the mixture. The results from the numerical simulations indicate that depending on the properties and morphology of the compressed phase it can cause significant enhancement in the specific heat capacity of nanofluids and nanocomposites. The interfacial thermal resistance (also known as Kapitza resistance, or Rk) between a nanoparticle and the surrounding solvent molecules (for these molten salt based nanomaterials) is estimated using Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. This exercise is relevant for the design optimization of nanomaterials (nanoparticle size, shape, material, concentration, etc.). The design trade-off is between maximizing the thermal conductivity of the nanomaterial (which typically occurs for nanoparticle size varying between ~ 20-30nm) and maximizing the specific heat capacity (which typically occurs for nanoparticle size less than 5nm), while simultaneously minimizing the viscosity of the nanofluid. The specific heat capacity of nitrate salt-based nanomaterials was measured both for the nanocomposites (solid phase) and nanofluids (liquid phase). The neat salt sample was composed of a mixture of KNO3: NaNO3 (60:40 molar ratio). The enhancement of specific heat capacity of the nanomaterials obtained from the salt samples was found to be very sensitive to minor variations in the synthesis protocol. The measurements for the variation of the specific heat capacity with the mass concentration of nanoparticles were compared to the predictions from the analytical model. Materials characterization was performed using electron microscopy techniques (SEM and TEM). The rheological behavior of nanofluids can be non-Newtonian (e.g., shear thinning) even at very low mass concentrations of nanoparticles, while (in contrast) the pure undoped (neat) molten salt may be a Newtonian fluid. Such viscosity enhancements and change in rheological properties of nanofluids can be detrimental to the operational efficiencies for thermal management as well as energy storage applications (which can effectively lead to higher costs for energy conversion). Hence, the rheological behavior of the nanofluid samples was measured experimentally and compared to that of the neat solvent (pure molten salt eutectic). The viscosity measurements were performed for the nitrate based molten salt samples as a function of temperature, shear rate and the mass concentration of the nanoparticles. The experimental measurements for the rheological behavior were compared with analytical models proposed in the literature. The results from the analytical and computational investigations as well as the experimental measurements performed in this proposed study were used to formul

Jung, Seunghwan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Structural simulations of nanomaterials self-assembled from ionic macrocycles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent research at Sandia has discovered a new class of organic binary ionic solids with tunable optical, electronic, and photochemical properties. These nanomaterials, consisting of a novel class of organic binary ionic solids, are currently being developed at Sandia for applications in batteries, supercapacitors, and solar energy technologies. They are composed of self-assembled oligomeric arrays of very large anions and large cations, but their crucial internal arrangement is thus far unknown. This report describes (a) the development of a relevant model of nonconvex particles decorated with ions interacting through short-ranged Yukawa potentials, and (b) the results of initial Monte Carlo simulations of the self-assembly binary ionic solids.

van Swol, Frank B.; Medforth, Craig John (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Combustion synthesis and nanomaterials Singanahally T. Aruna a,*, Alexander S. Mukasyan b,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion synthesis and nanomaterials Singanahally T. Aruna a,*, Alexander S. Mukasyan b,1 October 2008 Accepted 2 December 2008 Keywords: Combustion synthesis Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis Solution combustion Nanomaterials Catalysts Phosphors a b s t r a c t The recent developments

Mukasyan, Alexander

137

Energy conservation opportunity by the use of aerogel nanomaterials in steam pipes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Silica aerogels are unique porous nanomaterials consisting of more than 90% air and less than 10% solid silica in the form of highly cross-linked network structure. Because of their unique properties, i.e., large surface area, very low bulk density and ... Keywords: aerogels, energy conservation, nanomaterials, process simulation, thermal insulator

Sourena Sattari; Roghayeh Lotfi; Vahideh Baharmast

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Burners and combustion apparatus for carbon nanomaterial production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides improved burners, combustion apparatus, and methods for carbon nanomaterial production. The burners of the invention provide sooting flames of fuel and oxidizing gases. The condensable products of combustion produced by the burners of this invention produce carbon nanomaterials including without limitation, soot, fullerenic soot, and fullerenes. The burners of the invention do not require premixing of the fuel and oxidizing gases and are suitable for use with low vapor pressure fuels such as those containing substantial amounts of polyaromatic hydrocarbons. The burners of the invention can operate with a hot (e.g., uncooled) burner surface and require little, if any, cooling or other forms of heat sinking. The burners of the invention comprise one or more refractory elements forming the outlet of the burner at which a flame can be established. The burners of the invention provide for improved flame stability, can be employed with a wider range of fuel/oxidizer (e.g., air) ratios and a wider range of gas velocities, and are generally more efficient than burners using water-cooled metal burner plates. The burners of the invention can also be operated to reduce the formation of undesirable soot deposits on the burner and on surfaces downstream of the burner.

Alford, J. Michael; Diener, Michael D; Nabity, James; Karpuk, Michael

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

139

Burners and combustion apparatus for carbon nanomaterial production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides improved burners, combustion apparatus, and methods for carbon nanomaterial production. The burners of the invention provide sooting flames of fuel and oxidizing gases. The condensable products of combustion produced by the burners of this invention produce carbon nanomaterials including without limitation, soot, fullerenic soot, and fullerenes. The burners of the invention do not require premixing of the fuel and oxidizing gases and are suitable for use with low vapor pressure fuels such as those containing substantial amounts of polyaromatic hydrocarbons. The burners of the invention can operate with a hot (e.g., uncooled) burner surface and require little, if any, cooling or other forms of heat sinking. The burners of the invention comprise one or more refractory elements forming the outlet of the burner at which a flame can be established. The burners of the invention provide for improved flame stability, can be employed with a wider range of fuel/oxidizer (e.g., air) ratios and a wider range of gas velocities, and are generally more efficient than burners using water-cooled metal burner plates. The burners of the invention can also be operated to reduce the formation of undesirable soot deposits on the burner and on surfaces downstream of the burner.

Alford, J. Michael (Lakewood, CO); Diener, Michael D. (Denver, CO); Nabity, James (Arvada, CO); Karpuk, Michael (Boulder, CO)

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

140

Functionalization of Graphene and Graphene Oxide for Biosensing and Imaging  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in our group about graphene biofunctionalization are discussed. In particular, the functionalization of graphene and graphene oxide, biosensing and bioimaging by using graphene-based nanomaterials, and some fundamental studies of graphene and graphene oxide have been summarized.

Li, Zhaohui; Wang, Ying; Du, Dan; Tang, Zhiwen; Wang, Jun; Lin, Yuehe

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A Targeted Cancer Treatment using Nanomaterials | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

When Roots Follow the Path of Least Resistance When Roots Follow the Path of Least Resistance Perfecting Catalytic Arrays A Stable Open Framework with Wide Open Spaces Pumping Through the Middle Crust Looking for Ways to Improve Vaccines Against the Deadly Rotavirus Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed A Targeted Cancer Treatment using Nanomaterials AUGUST 27, 2009 Bookmark and Share Optical fluorescent imaging of the TiO2-mAb binding to the single brain cancer cells. The bare titianium dioxide nanoparticle bonds with an antibody and attaches itself to brain cancer cells. When exposed to concentrated white light, the titanium dioxide creates free radicals of oxygen that cause the cancer cells to die. Image courtesy of Argonne

142

BNL | CFN Operations Safety Awareness (COSA) Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the facilities. COSA training is conducted in person by a designated trainer at the facility where the user will perform experiments. It is intended to provide the user with...

143

Multifunctional virus scaffolds fore energy applications : nanomaterials synthesis and two dimensional assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biological systems inherently posses the ability to synthesize and assemble nanomaterials with remarkable precision, as evident in biomineralization. These unique abilities of nature continue to inspire us to develop new ...

Nam, Ki Tae

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Synthesis and characterization of 1D ceria nanomaterials for CO oxidation and steam reforming of methanol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel one-dimensional (1D) ceria nanostructure has been investigated as a promising and practical approach for the reforming of methanol reaction. Size and shape of the ceria nanomaterials are directly involved with the catalytic activities. Several ...

Sujan Chowdhury; Kuen-Song Lin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Exploring the Possibilities of the Smallest Scales | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Possibilities of the Smallest Scales Possibilities of the Smallest Scales Exploring the Possibilities of the Smallest Scales July 2, 2013 - 3:56pm Addthis Whether producing simple metallic pads for probing exciting new nanoscale systems or structuring more complicated geometries into silicon and other materials, nanofabrication lies at the heart of much of the work at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN). Inside the nanofabrication facility are three bays filled with state-of-the-art equipment available for use by the CFN staff, the Brookhaven community and all external users. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Whether producing simple metallic pads for probing exciting new nanoscale systems or structuring more complicated geometries into silicon and other

146

Recent News from the National Labs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2013 3, 2013 The Solar Classroom Lesson Plan Summer activities for parents, teachers and kids to expand their solar energy knowledge. July 2, 2013 Whether producing simple metallic pads for probing exciting new nanoscale systems or structuring more complicated geometries into silicon and other materials, nanofabrication lies at the heart of much of the work at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN). Inside the nanofabrication facility are three bays filled with state-of-the-art equipment available for use by the CFN staff, the Brookhaven community and all external users. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Exploring the Possibilities of the Smallest Scales Scientists are studying materials of the smallest scale -- at the the level

147

In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the recent development of in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization techniques, the real time study of property-structure correlations in nanomaterials becomes possible. This dissertation reports the direct observations of deformation behavior of Al2O3-ZrO2-MgAl2O4 (AZM) bulk ceramic nanocomposites, strengthening mechanism of twins in YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) thin film, work hardening event in nanocrystalline nickel and deformation of 2wt% Al doped ZnO (AZO) thin film with nanorod structures using the in situ TEM nanoindentation tool. The combined in situ movies with quantitative loading-unloading curves reveal the deformation mechanism of the above nanomaterial systems. At room temperature, in situ dynamic deformation studies show that the AZM nanocomposites undergo the deformation mainly through the grain-boundary sliding and rotation of small grains, i.e., ZrO2 grains, and some of the large grains, i.e., MgAl2O4 grains. We observed both plastic and elastic deformations in different sample regions in these multi-phase ceramic nanocomposites at room temperature. Both ex situ (conventional) and in situ nanoindentation were conducted to reveal the deformation of YBCO films from the directions perpendicular and parallel to the twin interfaces. Hardness measured perpendicular to twin interfaces is ~50% and 40% higher than that measured parallel to twin interfaces, by ex situ and in situ, respectively. By using an in situ nanoindentation tool inside TEM, dynamic work hardening event in nanocrystalline nickel was directly observed. During stain hardening stage, abundant Lomer-Cottrell (L-C) locks formed both within nanograins and against twin boundaries. Two major mechanisms were identified during interactions between L-C locks and twin boundaries. Quantitative nanoindentation experiments recorded during in situ experiments show an increase of yield strength from 1.64 to 2.29 GPa during multiple loading-unloading cycles. In situ TEM nanoindentation has been conducted to explore the size dependent deformation behavior of two different types (type I: ~ 0.51 of width/length ratio and type II: ~ 088 ratio) of AZO nanorods. During the indentation on type I nanord structure, annihilation of defects has been observed which is caused by limitation of the defect activities by relatively small size of the width. On the other hand, type II nanorod shows dislocation activities which enhanced the grain rotation under the external force applied on more isotropic direction through type II nanorod.

Lee, Joon Hwan 1977-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Macro-ions collapse leading to hybrid bio-nanomaterials.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

I used supramolecular self-assembling cyanine and the polyamine spermine binding to Escherichia coli genomic DNA as a model for DNA collapse during high throughput screening. Polyamine binding to DNA converts the normally right handed B-DNA into left handed Z-DNA conformation. Polyamine binding to DNA was inhibited by the supramolecular self-assembling cyanine. Self-assembly of cyanine upon DNA scaffold was likewise competitively inhibited by spermine as signaled by fluorescence quench from DNA-cyanine ensemble. Sequence of DNA exposure to cyanine or spermine was critical in determining the magnitude of fluorescence quench. Methanol potentiated spermine inhibition by >10-fold. The IC{sub 50} for spermine inhibition was 0.35 {+-} 0.03 {micro}M and the association constant Ka was 2.86 x 10{sup -6}M. Reversibility of the DNA-polyamine interactions was evident from quench mitigation at higher concentrations of cyanine. System flexibility was demonstrated by similar spermine interactions with {lambda}DNA. The choices and rationale regarding the polyamine, the cyanine dye as well as the remarkable effects of methanol are discussed in detail. Cyanine might be a safer alternative to the mutagenic toxin ethidium bromide for investigating DNA-drug interactions. The combined actions of polyamines and alcohols mediate DNA collapse producing hybrid bio-nanomaterials with novel signaling properties that might be useful in biosensor applications. Finally, this work will be submitted to Analytical Sciences (Japan) for publication. This journal published our earlier, related work on cyanine supramolecular self-assembly upon a variety of nucleic acid scaffolds.

Achyuthan, Komandoor E.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Assembly of Nano-materials Using Bio-Scaffolding C. Steven Yun, Jody L. Major, Geoffrey F. Strouse*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Assembly of Nano-materials Using Bio-Scaffolding C. Steven Yun, Jody L. Major, Geoffrey F for electronics and sensing applications. Bio-engineered architectures arising from the fusion of nano of biological materials and the intrinsic optical and electronic properties of nano-materials. The criteria

Strouse, Geoffrey F.

150

Can Ionic Liquids Be Used As Templating Agents For Controlled Design of Uranium-Containing Nanomaterials?  

SciTech Connect

Nanostructured uranium oxides have been prepared in ionic liquids as templating agents. Using the ionic liquids as reaction media for inorganic nanomaterials takes advantage of the pre-organized structure of the ionic liquids which in turn controls the morphology of the inorganic nanomaterials. Variation of ionic liquid cation structure was investigated to determine the impact on the uranium oxide morphologies. For two ionic liquid cations, increasing the alkyl chain length increases the aspect ratio of the resulting nanostructured oxides. Understanding the resulting metal oxide morphologies could enhance fuel stability and design.

Visser, A.; Bridges, N.; Tosten, M.

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

151

Mesoporous Silica Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis, Sensing, Drug Delivery and Gene Transfection  

SciTech Connect

The central theme of this dissertation is represented by the versatility of mesoporous silica nanomaterials in various applications such as catalysis and bio-applications, with main focus on biological applications of Mesoporous Silica Nanospheres (MSN). The metamorphosis that we impose to these materials from catalysis to sensing and to drug and gene delivery is detailed in this dissertation. First, we developed a synthetic method that can fine tune the amount of chemically accessible organic functional groups on the pores surface of MSN by exploiting electrostatic and size matching between the cationic alkylammonium head group of the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant and various anionic organoalkoxysilane precursors at the micelle-water interface in a base-catalyzed condensation reaction of silicate. Aiming nature imitation, we demonstrated the catalytic abilities of the MSNs, We utilized an ethylenediamine functional group for chelating Cu{sup 2+} as a catalytic functional group anchored inside the mesopores. Thus, a polyalkynylene-based conducting polymer (molecular wire) was synthesized within the Cu-functionalized MSNs silica catalyst. For sensing applications, we have synthesized a poly(lactic acid) coated mesoporous silica nanosphere (PLA-MSN) material that serves as a fluorescence sensor system for detection of amino-containing neurotransmitters in neutral aqueous buffer. We exploited the mesoporosity of MSNs for encapsulating pharmaceutical drugs. We examined bio-friendly capping molecules such as polyamidoamine dendrimers of generations G2 to G4, to prevent the drug leaching. Next, the drug delivery system employed MSNs loaded with Doxorubicin, an anticancer drug. The results demonstrated that these nano-Trojan horses have ability to deliver Doxorubicin to cancer cells and induce their death. Finally, to demonstrate the potential of MSN as an universal cellular transmembrane nanovehicle, we anchored positively charged dendrimers on the surface of MSN and utilize them to complex cationic DNA. The p-EGFP-CI gene-coated MSN nanocomposite was able to transfect cancer cell lines, such as human HeLa and CHO cancer cell lines. The gene carrier ability of MSNs was further proved by transfecting primary cells and cotransfecting of two different genes in cancer cell lines. In sum, MSN are versatile partners in several types of applications.

Daniela Rodica Radu

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

DOE Designated User Facilities Multiple Laboratories * ARM Climate Research Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Designated User Facilities Designated User Facilities Multiple Laboratories * ARM Climate Research Facility Argonne National Laboratory * Advanced Photon Source (APS) * Electron Microscopy Center for Materials Research * Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) * Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) * Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) * Brookhaven National Laboratory * National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) * Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) * Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) * Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) * National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II ) (under construction) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory * Fermilab Accelerator Complex Idaho National Laboratory * Advanced Test Reactor ** * Wireless National User Facility (WNUF)

153

Synthesis, properties, and applications of low-dimensional carbon-related nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, many theoretical and experimental studies have been carried out to develop one of the most interesting aspects of the science and nanotechnology which is called carbon-related nanomaterials. The goal of this paper is to provide a review ...

Ali Mostofizadeh; Yanwei Li; Bo Song; Yudong Huang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effect of the graphite electrode material on the characteristics of molten salt electrolytically produced carbon nanomaterials  

SciTech Connect

The electrochemical erosion of a graphite cathode during the electrolysis of molten lithium chloride salt may be used for the preparation of nano-structured carbon materials. It has been found that the structures and morphologies of these carbon nanomaterials are dependent on those of the graphite cathodes employed. A combination of tubular and spherical carbon nanostructures has been produced from a graphite with a microstructure of predominantly planar micro-sized grains and a minor fraction of more irregular nano-sized grains, whilst only spherical carbon nanostructures have been produced from a graphite with a microstructure of primarily nano-sized grains. Based on the experimental results, a best-fit regression equation is proposed that relates the crystalline domain size of the graphite reactants and the carbon products. The carbon nanomaterials prepared possess a fairly uniform mesoporosity with a sharp peak in pore size distribution at around 4 nm. The results are of crucial importance to the production of carbon nanomaterials by way of the molten salt electrolytic method. - Highlights: {yields} Carbon nanomaterials are synthesised by LiCl electrolysis with graphite electrodes. {yields} The degree of crystallinity of graphite reactant and carbon product are related. {yields} A graphite reactant is identified that enables the preparation of carbon nanotubes. {yields} The carbon products possess uniform mesoporosity with narrow pore size distribution.

Kamali, Ali Reza, E-mail: ark42@cam.ac.uk; Schwandt, Carsten; Fray, Derek J.

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Carbon Nanomaterials: The Ideal Interconnect Technology for Next-Generation ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Editor's note:Carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons are two promising next-generation interconnect technologies. Electrical modeling and performance analysis have demonstrated the superiority of these emerging technologies compared to conventional ... Keywords: design and test, carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotube (CNT), graphene nanoribbon (GNR), electrical interconnects, optical interconnects, RF or wireless interconnects, on-chip vias, through-silicon vias (TSVs), delay, power

Hong Li; Chuan Xu; Kaustav Banerjee

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Graphene based nanomaterials for VLSI interconnect and energy-storage applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As IC feature sizes continue to be scaled below 45 nanometer, copper wires exhibit significant "size effects" resulting in a sharp rise in their resistivity, which, in turn, has adverse impact both on their performance as well as reliability--in the ... Keywords: carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes, graphene nano-ribbons, interconnects, passives.

Kaustav Banerjee

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

JOM January 201148 www.tms.org/jom.html OverviewOverviewNanomaterials for Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOM · January 201148 www.tms.org/jom.html OverviewOverviewNanomaterials for Renewable Energy Global to fundamental advances in direct renewable energy and ener- gy storage and conversion which are needed to enable renewable energy and meet the general energy challenges and associated environmental effects. This paper

158

Anisotropic Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanomaterials - Synthesis and Applications  

SciTech Connect

Boron nitride (BN) is a synthetic binary compound located between III and V group elements in the Periodic Table. However, its properties, in terms of polymorphism and mechanical characteristics, are rather close to those of carbon compared with other III-V compounds, such as gallium nitride. BN crystallizes into a layered or a tetrahedrally linked structure, like those of graphite and diamond, respectively, depending on the conditions of its preparation, especially the pressure applied. Such correspondence between BN and carbon readily can be understood from their isoelectronic structures [1, 2]. On the other hand, in contrast to graphite, layered BN is transparent and is an insulator. This material has attracted great interest because, similar to carbon, it exists in various polymorphic forms exhibiting very different properties; however, these forms do not correspond strictly to those of carbon. Crystallographically, BN is classified into four polymorphic forms: Hexagonal BN (h-BN) (Figure 1(b)); rhombohedral BN (r-BN); cubic BN (c-BN); and wurtzite BN (w-BN). BN does not occur in nature. In 1842, Balmain [3] obtained BN as a reaction product between molten boric oxide and potassium cyanide under atmospheric pressure. Thereafter, many methods for its synthesis were reported. h-BN and r-BN are formed under ambient pressure. c-BN is synthesized from h-BN under high pressure at high temperature while w-BN is prepared from h-BN under high pressure at room temperature [1]. Each BN layer consists of stacks of hexagonal plate-like units of boron and nitrogen atoms linked by SP{sup 2} hybridized orbits and held together mainly by Van der Waals force (Fig 1(b)). The hexagonal polymorph has two-layered repeating units: AA'AA'... that differ from those in graphite: ABAB... (Figure 1(a)). Within the layers of h-BN there is coincidence between the same phases of the hexagons, although the boron atoms and nitrogen atoms are alternatively located along the c-axis. The rhombohedral system consists of three-layered units: ABCABC..., whose honeycomb layers are arranged in a shifted phase, like as those of graphite. Reflecting its weak interlayer bond, the h-BN can be cleaved easily along its layers, and hence, is widely used as a lubricant material. The material is stable up to a high temperature of 2300 C before decomposition sets in [2] does not fuse a nitrogen atmosphere of 1 atm, and thus, is applicable as a refractory material. Besides having such properties, similar to those of graphite, the material is transparent, and acts as a good electric insulator, especially at high temperatures (10{sup 6} {Omega}m at 1000 C) [1]. c-BN and w-BN are tetrahedrally linked BN. The former has a cubic sphalerite-type structure, and the latter has a hexagonal wurtzite-type structure. c-BN is the second hardest known material (the hardest is diamond), the so-called white diamond. It is used mainly for grinding and cutting industrial ferrous materials because it does not react with molten iron, nickel, and related alloys at high temperatures whereas diamond does [1]. It displays the second highest thermal conductivity (6-9 W/cm.deg) after diamond. This chapter focuses principally upon information about h-BN nanomaterials, mainly BN nanotubes (BNNTs), porous BN, mono- and few-layer-BN sheets. There are good reviews book chapters about c-BN in [1, 4-6].

Han,W.Q.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible Cancer Treatment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Argonne nanoscientists are capable of building materials atom by atom and controlling their advanced functions to repair biological systems at unprecedentedly small scales.

160

Experimental characterisation of catalyst-free carbon nanomaterials from mixed vegetable and animal base oils through modified traditional process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new process for the preparation of catalyst-free pure carbon nanomatereials is described here. These nanomaterials are then experimentally investigated. The process is simple and traditional so that the operator can have full control over the flame ...

P. S. Venkatanarayanan; R. Velmurugan; A. Joseph Stanley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Functional Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY (OPTOELECTRONICS) NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY (OPTOELECTRONICS) Synthesis of SWNT's, NT Arrays, NW's, NP's or thin films by CVD, Laser Vaporization, and PLD with in situ diagnostics ns-Laser Vaporization Synthesis of SWNTs, NWs, NPs SWNTs and nanowires are produced by pulsed Nd:YAG laser-irradiation (30 Hz, Q-switched or free-running) of composite pellets in a 2" tube furnace with variable pressure control. Excimer laser ablation of materials into variable pressure background gases is used for nanoparticle generation in proximity of ns-laser diagnostics. High-power ms-laser vaporization bulk production of nanomaterials SWNTs (primarily), SWNH (single-wall carbon nanohorns), nanoparticles and nanowires are produced by robotically-scanned 600W Nd:YAG laser-irradiation

162

Synthesis and Functionalization of Carbon and Boron Nitride Nanomaterials and Their Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or electronics, as a supercapacitor or battery electrode,Significant advancements in supercapacitor 49 and battery 50

Erickson, Kristopher John

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Multi-Physics Functional Design of HeteroFoaM Nanomaterials for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchical Microporous Materials: Rational and Designable Heterogeneous Catalysts for Renewable Energy Improved Design of Metal-Organic Framework

164

Nanomaterials ES&H | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research » National Research » National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) » Nanomaterials ES&H Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Materials Sciences & Engineering (MSE) Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences (CSGB) Accelerator and Detector Research Research Conduct Policies DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Energy Frontier Research Centers National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Nanomaterials ES&H Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

165

Nanomaterials for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells; Materials Challenges Facing Electrical Energy Storate  

SciTech Connect

Symposium T: Nanomaterials for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells are under intense investigation worldwide for applications ranging from transportation to portable power. The purpose of this seminar is to focus on the nanomaterials and nanostructures inherent to polymer fuel cells. Symposium topics will range from high-activity cathode and anode catalysts, to theory and new analytical methods. Symposium U: Materials Challenges Facing Electrical Energy Storage Electricity, which can be generated in a variety of ways, offers a great potential for meeting future energy demands as a clean and efficient energy source. However, the use of electricity generated from renewable sources, such as wind or sunlight, requires efficient electrical energy storage. This symposium will cover the latest material developments for batteries, advanced capacitors, and related technologies, with a focus on new or emerging materials science challenges.

Gopal Rao, MRS Web-Editor; Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University; Karen Swider-Lyons, Naval Research Laboratory

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

166

Final Report: Nanomaterials in Secondary Battery Research and Development, July 1, 1995 - September 14, 1999  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have been exploring the rate capabilities of nanostructured Li-ion battery electrodes. These nanostructured electrodes are prepared via the template method - a general procedure used to prepare nanomaterials pioneered in the P.I.'s laboratory. The nanostructured electrodes consist of nanofibers or tubules of the electrode material that protrude from a current-collector surface like the bristles of a brush. These nanostructured electrodes show dramatically improved rate capabilities relative to conventional electrode designs.

Martin, Charles R.

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Recovery Act Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus Recovery Act Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus October 14, 2010 - 9:46am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The Center for Functional Nanomaterials is getting a new electron microscope that will be valuable for solar cell research -- one of 7 ARRA-funded additions at the Brookhaven National Laboratory facility. Editor's note: cross posted from the Brookhaven National Laboratory The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is receiving more than $5 million in new equipment and upgrades funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). The new acquisitions will fill gaps in the current facility to meet the needs of

168

Using Pattern Search Methods for Surface Structure Determinationof Nanomaterials  

SciTech Connect

Atomic scale surface structure plays an important roleindescribing many properties of materials, especially in the case ofnanomaterials. One of the most effective techniques for surface structuredetermination is low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), which can beused in conjunction with optimization to fit simulated LEED intensitiesto experimental data. This optimization problem has a number ofcharacteristics that make it challenging: it has many local minima, theoptimization variables can be either continuous or categorical, theobjective function can be discontinuous, there are no exact analyticderivatives (and no derivatives at all for categorical variables), andfunction evaluations are expensive. In this study, we show how to apply aparticular class of optimization methods known as pattern search methodsto address these challenges. These methods donot explicitly usederivatives, and are particularly appropriate when categorical variablesare present, an important feature that has not been addressed in previousLEED studies. We have found that pattern search methods can produceexcellent results, compared to previously used methods, both in terms ofperformance and locating optimal results.

Zhao, Zhengji; Meza, Juan; Van Hove, Michel

2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

Nanomaterials: Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2011... by Sandia Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Co., for the U.S. DOE's NNSA under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. 3:20 PM

170

Carbon Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2012 ... The graphene film was spin-coated using carbon nanotubes to form the cathode of the field emission device. A phosphor coated graphene-PET...

171

Carbon Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Graphene-based materials are promising because of their electronic/thermal transport, mechanical properties, large surface area, and that they...

172

Vol. 63 No. 1 JOM 43www.tms.org/jom.html CommentaryNanomaterials for Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vol. 63 No. 1 · JOM 43www.tms.org/jom.html CommentaryNanomaterials for Renewable Energy Fernand D be placed on achieving higher energy efficiency and increasing supplies from all forms of renewable energy Systems in Energy and Environment: Renewable Energy Fernand D.S. Marquis ence include (1) dimensional

173

CFN | Hitachi HD2700C Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

compositional and electronic information. Here is an example of EELS-2D mapping on Li-battery electrode materials as how Li and Fe elements distributed at nanometer scale. SEM...

174

Taking a Page from Nature to Build Better Nanomaterials | Advanced Photon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hard as Diamond: A New Form of Carbon Created under Ultrahigh Pressure Hard as Diamond: A New Form of Carbon Created under Ultrahigh Pressure How Algae Use a "Sulfate Trap" to Selectively Biomineralize Strontium Emulating-and Surpassing-Nature Reducing Stress in Multilayer Laue Lenses Novel Magnetic Material Operates under Extreme Stress Conditions Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Taking a Page from Nature to Build Better Nanomaterials OCTOBER 26, 2011 Bookmark and Share Fig. 1. Grazing incidence diffraction data revealing the interface structure of alkylthiol Langmuir monolayer (left) and the gold nanocrystals (right) simultaneously. Sometimes nature cannot be improved upon. One example is in the synthesis

175

Computational Design of Self-Assembling Protein Nanomaterials with Atomic Level Accuracy  

SciTech Connect

We describe a general computational method for designing proteins that self-assemble to a desired symmetric architecture. Protein building blocks are docked together symmetrically to identify complementary packing arrangements, and low-energy protein-protein interfaces are then designed between the building blocks in order to drive self-assembly. We used trimeric protein building blocks to design a 24-subunit, 13-nm diameter complex with octahedral symmetry and a 12-subunit, 11-nm diameter complex with tetrahedral symmetry. The designed proteins assembled to the desired oligomeric states in solution, and the crystal structures of the complexes revealed that the resulting materials closely match the design models. The method can be used to design a wide variety of self-assembling protein nanomaterials.

King, Neil P.; Sheffler, William; Sawaya, Michael R.; Vollmar, Breanna S.; Sumida, John P.; Andr, Ingemar; Gonen, Tamir; Yeates, Todd O.; Baker, David (UWASH); (UCLA); (HHMI); (LIT)

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

176

Quantitative Nanostructure Characterization Using Atomic Pair Distribution Functions Obtained From Laboratory Electron Microscopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitatively reliable atomic pair distribution functions (PDFs) have been obtained from nanomaterials in a straightforward way from a standard laboratory transmission electron microscope (TEM). The approach looks very promising for making electron derived PDFs (ePDFs) a routine step in the characterization of nanomaterials because of the ubiquity of such TEMs in chemistry and materials laboratories. No special attachments such as energy filters were required on the microscope. The methodology for obtaining the ePDFs is described as well as some opportunities and limitations of the method.

Abeykoon M.; Billinge S.; Malliakas, C.D.; Juhas, P.; Bozin, E.S.; Kanatzidis, M.G.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Nanomaterials-Enhanced Electrically Switched Ion Exchange Process for Water Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of our work is to develop an electrically switched ion exchange (ESIX) system based on conducting polymer/carbon nanotube (CNT) nanocomposites as a new and cost-effective approach for removal of radioactive cesium, chromate, and perchlorate from contaminated groundwater. The ESIX technology combines ion exchange and electrochemistry to provide a selective, reversible method for the removal of target species from wastewater. In this technique, an electroactive ion exchange layer is deposited on a conducting substrate, and ion uptake and elution are controlled directly by modulation of the potential of the layer. ESIX offers the advantages of highly-efficient use of electrical energy combined with no secondary waste generation. Recently, we have improved upon the ESIX process by modifying the conducting substrate with carbon nanotubes prior to the deposition of the electroactive ion exchanger. The nanomaterial-based electroactive ion exchange technology will remove cesium-137, chromate, and perchlorate rapidly from wastewater. The high porosity and high surface area of the electroactive ion exchange nanocomposites results in high loading capacity and minimize interferences for non-target species. Since the ion adsorption/desorption is controlled electrically without generating a secondary waste, this electrically active ion exchange process is a green process technology that will greatly reduce operating costs.

Lin, Yuehe; Choi, Daiwon; Wang, Jun; Bontha, Jagannadha R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

PROPERTIES AND NANOSTRUCTURES OF NANO-MATERIALS PROCESSED BY SEVERE PLASTIC DEFORMATION (SPD).  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metallic materials usually exhibit higher strength but lower ductility after being plastically deformed by conventional techniques such as rolling, drawing and extrusion. In contrast, nanostructured metals and alloys processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD) have demonstrated both high strength and high ductility. This extraordinary mechanical behavior is attributed to the unique nanostructures generated by SPD processing. The combination of ultrafine grain size and high-density dislocations appears to enable deformation by new mechanisms not active in coarse-grained metals and alloys. These results demonstrate the possibility of tailoring the microstructures of metals and alloys by SPD to obtain superior mechanical properties. Nanostructured metals and alloys processed by SPD techniques have unique nanostructures not observed in nanomaterials synthesized by other techniques such as the consolidation of nanopowders. The SPD-generated nanostructures have many features related to deformation, including high dislocation densities, and high- and low-angle grain boundaries in equilibrium or nonequilibrium states. Future studies are needed to investigate the deformation mechanisms that relate the unique nanostructures with the superior mechanical properties exhibited by SPD-processed metals and alloys.

Zhu, Y. T. (Yuntian Theodore)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Biomolecular interactions and responses of human epithelial and macrophage cells to engineered nanomaterials.  

SciTech Connect

Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are increasingly being used in commercial products, particularly in the biomedical, cosmetic, and clothing industries. For example, pants and shirts are routinely manufactured with silver nanoparticles to render them 'wrinkle-free.' Despite the growing applications, the associated environmental health and safety (EHS) impacts are completely unknown. The significance of this problem became pervasive within the general public when Prince Charles authored an article in 2004 warning of the potential social, ethical, health, and environmental issues connected to nanotechnology. The EHS concerns, however, continued to receive relatively little consideration from federal agencies as compared with large investments in basic nanoscience R&D. The mounting literature regarding the toxicology of ENMs (e.g., the ability of inhaled nanoparticles to cross the blood-brain barrier; Kwon et al., 2008, J. Occup. Health 50, 1) has spurred a recent realization within the NNI and other federal agencies that the EHS impacts related to nanotechnology must be addressed now. In our study we proposed to address critical aspects of this problem by developing primary correlations between nanoparticle properties and their effects on cell health and toxicity. A critical challenge embodied within this problem arises from the ability to synthesize nanoparticles with a wide array of physical properties (e.g., size, shape, composition, surface chemistry, etc.), which in turn creates an immense, multidimensional problem in assessing toxicological effects. In this work we first investigated varying sizes of quantum dots (Qdots) and their ability to cross cell membranes based on their aspect ratio utilizing hyperspectral confocal fluorescence microscopy. We then studied toxicity of epithelial cell lines that were exposed to different sized gold and silver nanoparticles using advanced imaging techniques, biochemical analyses, and optical and mass spectrometry methods. Finally we evaluated a new assay to measure transglutaminase (TG) activity; a potential marker for cell toxicity.

Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Brozik, Susan Marie; Achyuthan, Komandoor E.; Greene, Adrienne Celeste; Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Bachand, George David; Bachand, Marlene; Aaron, Jesse S.; Allen, Amy; Seagrave, Jean-Clare

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Molten Salt Nanomaterials for Thermal Energy Storage and Concentrated Solar Power Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal efficiency of concentrated solar power (CSP) system depends on the maximum operating temperature of the system which is determined by the operating temperature of the TES device. Organic materials (such as synthetic oil, fatty acid, or paraffin wax) are typically used for TES. This limits the operating temperature of CSP units to below 400 degrees C. Increasing the operating temperature to 560 degrees C (i.e., the creeping temperature of stainless steel), can enhance the theoretical thermal efficiency from 54 percent to 63 percent. However, very few thermal storage materials are compatible for these high temperatures. Molten salts are thermally stable up to 600 degrees C and beyond. Using the molten salts as the TES materials confers several benefits, which include: (1) Higher operating temperature can significantly increase the overall cycle efficiency and resulting costs of power production. (2) Low cost of the molten salt materials can drastically reduce the cost. (3) The molten salts, which are environmentally safe, can also reduce the potential environmental impact. However, these materials suffer from poor thermo-physical properties. Impregnating these materials with nanoparticles can enhance these properties. Solvents doped with nanoparticles are termed as nanofluids. Nanofluids have been reported in the literature for the anomalous enhancement of their thermo-physical properties. In this study, the poor thermal properties of the molten salts were enhanced dramatically on mixing with nanoparticles. For example the specific heat capacity of these molten salt eutectics was found to be enhanced by as much as ~ 26 percent on mixing with nanoparticles at a mass fraction of ~ 1 percent. The resultant properties of these nanomaterials were found to be highly sensitive to small variations in the synthesis protocols. Computational models were also developed in this study to explore the fundamental transport mechanisms on the molecular scale for elucidating the anomalous enhancements in the thermo-physical properties that were measured in these experiments. This study is applicable for thermal energy storage systems utilized for other energy conversion technologies such as geothermal energy, nuclear energy and a combination of energy generation technologies.

Shin, Donghyun

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Modular Hybrid Plasma Reactor for Low Cost Bulk Production of Nanomaterials  

SciTech Connect

INL developed a bench scale modular hybrid plasma system for gas phase nanomaterials synthesis. The system was being optimized for WO3 nanoparticles production and scale model projection to a 300 kW pilot system. During the course of technology development many modifications had been done to the system to resolve technical issues that had surfaced and also to improve the performance. All project tasks had been completed except 2 optimization subtasks. These 2 subtasks, a 4-hour and an 8-hour continuous powder production runs at 1 lb/hr powder feeding rate, were unable to complete due to technical issues developed with the reactor system. The 4-hour run had been attempted twice and both times the run was terminated prematurely. The modular electrode for the plasma system was significantly redesigned to address the technical issues. Fabrication of the redesigned modular electrodes and additional components had been completed at the end of the project life. However, not enough resource was available to perform tests to evaluate the performance of the new modifications. More development work would be needed to resolve these problems prior to scaling. The technology demonstrated a surprising capability of synthesizing a single phase of meta-stable delta-Al2O3 from pure alpha-phase large Al2O3 powder. The formation of delta-Al2O3 was surprising because this phase is meta-stable and only formed between 973-1073 K, and delta-Al2O3 is very difficult to synthesize as a single phase. Besides the specific temperature window to form this phase, this meta-stable phase may have been stabilized by nanoparticle size formed in a high temperature plasma process. This technology may possess the capability to produce unusual meta-stable nanophase materials that would be otherwise difficult to produce by conventional methods. A 300 kW INL modular hybrid plasma pilot scale model reactor had been projected using the experimental data from PPG Industries 300 kW hot wall plasma reactor. The projected size of the INL 300 kW pilot model reactor would be about 15% that of the PPG 300 kW hot wall plasma reactor. Including the safety net factor the projected INL pilot reactor size would be 25-30% of the PPG 300 kW hot wall plasma pilot reactor. Due to the modularity of the INL plasma reactor and the energy cascading effect from the upstream plasma to the downstream plasma the energy utilization is more efficient in material processing. It is envisioning that the material through put range for the INL pilot reactor would be comparable to the PPG 300 kW pilot reactor but the energy consumption would be lower. The INL hybrid plasma technology is rather close to being optimized for scaling to a pilot system. More near term development work is still needed to complete the process optimization before pilot scaling.

Peter C. Kong

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Scientific Evaluation of Nanomaterials of TiO{sub 2} and Related Derivatives in a Variety of Applications  

SciTech Connect

Altair Nanotechnolgies, Inc. (Altair) has performed and hereby reports on research and development of novel nanomaterials for applications in 1) advanced power storage devices, 2) sensors for chemical, biological and radiological agents and on an 3) investigation into mechanisms of living cell-nanoparticle interactions that will allow predictions of health and safety issues and potentially result in novel agents for remediation of chemical and biological hazards. The project was organized around four distinct objectives. Two of the objectives are focused on developments designed to dramatically improve the performance of rechargeable Li-Ion batteries. These efforts are based on extensions of Altair's proprietary TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles and nanoparticle aggregates in the form of lithium titanate spinel, lithium manganates and lithium cobaltates. A third objective leverages the core Altair nanomaterials technology to develop a unique (nanosensor) platform for the error-free, "lab on a chip" detection of chemical, biological and radiological agents for hazardous materials remediation and threat detection. The innovative approach taken by the Altair/Western Michigan team develops individual nanosensor elements built upon a construct that includes a target-specific receptor molecule coupled through a signal transducing nanomolecule to a gold, TiO{sub 2} or SiO{sub 2} nanoparticle coated with a high density of strongfluorescing molecules for signal amplification The final objective focuses on interaction mechanisms between cells and nanoparticles with the goal of understanding how specific chemical and physical properties of these nanoparticles influence that interaction. The effort will examine a range of microbes that have environmental or societal importance.

Spitler, Timothy M; Stewart, Matthew; Pasquier, Aurelien Du; Coleman, Michael; Gunasinghe, Thushara; Manev, Veselin; Stucky, Galen; Holden, Patricia; Neal, Andrea; Suh, Won Hyuk

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

BNL Guest, User and Visitor Center | User Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collider RHIC Access Information RHIC & AGS Users' Center Building 400A, Brookhaven National Lab Upton, NY 11973 631-344-3333 userscenter@bnl.gov CFN Center for Functional...

184

Nanotechnology for Solar-hydrogen Production via Photoelectrochemical Water-splitting: Design, Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Nanomaterials and Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen production by water-splitting using solar energy and nanostructure photocatalysts is very promising as a renewable, efficient, environmentally clean technology. The key is to reduce the cost of hydrogen production as well as increase the solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency by searching for cost-effective photocatalytic materials. In this dissertation, energy efficiency calculation was carried out based on hydrogen production observation to evaluate the nanomaterials activity. The results are important to gain better understanding of water-splitting reaction mechanism. Design, synthesis, characterization/properties and application of these nanomaterials was the road-map to achieve the research objectives. The design of TiO2 is selected based on unique photocatalytic and photovoltaic properties and high stability in aqueous solution. Various structures of nanocomposites TiO2 were designed according to their characteristics and potential activity. TiO2 with quantum dots, nanocomposites thin film, nanofibers, nanorods, nanowires (core/shell), nanotubes, nanopowders, nanoparticles, and nanosphere decorated with low cost metals, sensitized with dye, and doped with nitrogen are designed. Green physical and chemical synthesis methods such as sol-gel techniques, autoclave, microwave, electrospinning, wet impregnation, hydrothermal, chemical vapor deposition, template-based fabrication (porous anodic aluminium oxide membrane), drop casting, dip coating, wet coating were used to synthesize and fabricate the nanomaterials and quantum dots.Both bottom-up and top-down synthesis techniques were used. The ability to control and manipulate the size, shape/geometry, crystal structure, chemical compositions, interaction and interface properties of these materials at nano-scale during the synthesis enable to enhance their thermal, optical, chemical, electrical, etc properties. Several characterization techniques such as XRD, XPS, EDS, SEM, UV-visible spectra, and optical microscopic and digital camera were also obtained to characterize the properties and confirm to achieve the desired design. The application or processing to test the activity of these nanomaterials for hydrogen production by water-splitting was conducted through extensive experimental program. It was carried out in a one photo-single column experimental set-up to detect hydrogen evolution. A high throughput screening process to evaluate single photo reduction catalysts was established here for simplicity, safety, cost-effective and flexibility of testing nanomaterials for water photoreduction reactivity and hydrogen generation. Therefore, methanol as electron donor or oxidation agent was mixed with water in equal volume ratio in order to prevent the oxygen evolution and only measured the time course of hydrogen production. The primary objectives of this study is to investigate the following (1) The structure-properties relationship through testing quantum dots, nanocomposites thin film, nanofibers, nanorods, nanowires (core/shell), nanotubes, nanopowders, nanoparticles, nanospheres of TiO2 decorated with metals, dye sensitization, and nitrogen-doping. (2) The role of adding electron donors/relays to solution and their effect on semiconductor surface-electrolyte interface under constant conditions such as KI, Mv 2, NaCl, NaHCO3, sea and pure water. (3) Band gap and defect engineering by cation and anion doping. (4) Quantum dots and dye sensitization effect. The nanomaterials activity evaluated based on observed hydrogen production rate (?mol/h/g) experimentally and based on the energy efficiency (percent) calculation. Major findings in this dissertation are (1) A high throughput screening process to evaluate single photoreduction catalysts for solar-hydrogen production by water-splitting was established. (2) nanofibers structure of TiO2 doped with

Alenzi, Naser D.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

UPF-Related Forms | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inspection Record PDF CFN-1146 UPF Equipment Operator Qualification Record PDF CFN-1147 Hoisting & Rigging Hardware PDF CFN-1148 Alloy Steel Chain Sling - Periodic Inspection PDF...

186

Synthesis of Nanomaterials I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2010... Paul Millett1; Yu Wang2; 1Idaho National Laboratory; 2Michigan Tech ... forces experienced by particles segregated at fluid-fluid interfaces. ... to polymer pyrolysis under protective atmosphere and then integrity of ZnO...

187

Nanomaterials for Energy Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 14, 2012 ... Catalytic Properties of AgCu Bimetallic Nanoparticles for PEMFC Cathode: ... Mansoo Choi2; Won Gi Kim2; Yang-Kook Sun2; Wonbong Choi1;...

188

Rare Earth Based Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient emission at such small size is provided by doping Ln3+-ions into a fluoride matrix. Therefore, NaGdF4:Er3+,Yb3+ nanoparticles are synthesized by...

189

Session I: Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and electron back scatter diffraction .... Such improvements were attributed to the availability of large numbers of...

190

Nanomaterials for Energy Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Energy materials having controlled nanoscale configurations offer a promise of much improved efficiency. In dye sensitized solar cells,...

191

Nanomaterials for Information Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2012... improved performance of numerous devices sensors to solar cells ... strongly bonded to Cu current collectors, are anticipated to enhance...

192

Low Dimensional Nanomaterials I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2010 ... The Au-loaded SnO2 particles are heated between 500 and 700 C in a ... solid foams under controlled sensor heating in microwave oven.

193

Bioremediation of nanomaterials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method comprising the use of microorganisms for nanotoxicity study and bioremediation. In some embodiment, the microorganisms are bacterial organisms such as Gram negative bacteria, which are used as model organisms to study the nanotoxicity of the fullerene compounds: E. coli W3110, a human related enterobacterium and Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, an environmentally important bacterium with versatile metabolism.

Chen, Frank Fanqing; Keasling, Jay D; Tang, Yinjie J

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

194

Three Dimensional Nanomaterials II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011... The University of Alabama; Pu-Xian Gao, University of Connecticut; .... kinetics that governs the mechanisms and morphology selection of...

195

Multifunctional Carbon Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Offices in Charleston (WV), Morgantown (WV) and Oak Ridge (TN) Expertise in Biomass fuels & products Fossil fuels & products ...

196

Nanomaterials General II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Lithium-6 isotope has a significant thermal neutron cross-section and produces high energy charged particles on thermal neutron absorption.

197

Two Dimensional Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011 ... The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is developing technologies for the next generation of higher-efficiency, lower emission...

198

Carbon Nanomaterials and Heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2012 ... This presentation aims to capture those recent research efforts in synthesis and applications of carbon nanotubes in Li-ion battery, bioelectronic...

199

Mechanical Properties of Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 18, 2010 ... Aerogels have lots of particular application especially as superinsulation materials because of their nano-size particles and porous distribution.

200

Method for making nanomaterials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making a nanostructure by preparing a face centered cubic-ordered metal nanoparticle film from metal nanoparticles, such as gold and silver nanoparticles, exerting a hydrostatic pressure upon the film at pressures of several gigapascals, followed by applying a non-hydrostatic stress perpendicularly at a pressure greater than approximately 10 GPA to form an array of nanowires with individual nanowires having a relatively uniform length, average diameter and density.

Fan, Hongyou; Wu, Huimeng

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Stability of Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that the increased Cu-Nb interface surface disrupts internal-stress relaxation ... and against Radiation: Xinghang Zhang1; Y. Chen1; D. Bufford1; K.Y. Yu1; .... the nanocrystalline range (exposures at temperatures in the range...

202

Electrical Properties of Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2010... Seong Jin Koh, University of Texas at Arlington; Navin Manjooran, ... in Porous Alumina Templates: Vijay Singh1; 1University of Kentucky

203

Low Dimensional Nanomaterials II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2010... Current by Living Microorganisms: Ravi Saraf1; Chieu Nguyen1; Jennifer Kane 1; Jason Ong1; Devor O'Connor1; 1University of Nebraska

204

Finite Size Effects on the Real-Space Pair Distribution Function of Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

The pair distribution function (PDF) method is a powerful approach for the analysis of the structure of nanoparticles. An important approximation used in nanoparticle PDF simulations is the incorporation of a form factor describing nanoparticle size and shape. The precise effect of the form factor on the PDF is determined by both particle shape and structure if these characteristics are both anisotropic and correlated. The correct incorporation of finite size effects is important for distinguishing and quantifying the structural consequences of small particle size in nanomaterials.

Gilbert, Benjamin

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

CFN Director E. Mendez User Administration G. Webster D. McArthur  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soft Bio Materials O. Gang M. Cotlet F. Lu D. Nykypanchuk K. Yager W. Liu* P. Majewski* H. Zang* Y. Zhang* S. Bhatia+ Electron Microscopy E. Stach K. Kisslinger D. Su E....

206

Functional Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functional Specifications Functional Specifications Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers Interfaces Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Functional Specifications OSCARS Reservation Manager - Functional Specifications Year 3 Update (DRAFT)

207

Self-Assembly of Nanostructured Electronic Devices (454th Brookhaven Lecture)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given suitable atmospheric conditions, water vapor from the air will crystallize into beautiful structures: snowflakes. Nature provides many other examples of spontaneous organization of materials into regular patterns, which is a process known as self-assembly. Since self-assembly works at all levels, it can be a useful tool for organizing materials on the nanometer scale. In particular, self-assembly provides a precise method for designing materials with improved electronic properties, thereby enabling advances in semiconductor electronics and solar devices. On Wednesday, December 16, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall, Charles Black of the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) will explore this topic during the 454th Brookhaven Lecture, entitled Self-Assembly of Nanostructured Electronic Devices. Refreshments will be offered before and after the lecture. To attend this open-to-the-public event, visitors to the Lab ages 16 and older must present photo ID at the Main Gate. During this talk, Dr. Black will discuss examples of how self-assembly is being integrated into semiconductor microelectronics, as advances in the ability to define circuit elements at higher resolution have fueled more than 40 years of performance improvements. Self-assembly also promises advances in the performance of solar devices; thus he will describe his groups recent results with nanostructured photovoltaic devices.

Black, Charles (Ph.D., Center for Functional Nanomaterials)

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

208

Functional quantization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data is rarely obtained for its own sake; oftentimes, it is a function of the data that we care about. Traditional data compression and quantization techniques, designed to recreate or approximate the data itself, gloss ...

Misra, Vinith

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Part Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Functions served by parts...Mechanical power Shafts, connecting rods, gears Electricity Wires, lightbulb elements, resistors Provide a barrier (for example: reflect, cover, enclose,

210

This booklet provides 51 brief presentations of the research in the Area of Advance Materials Science in Gothenburg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

define nuclear chemistry as the chemistry associated with the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear reactor? ......................................... 09 Martin Andersson Nanomaterials for Biological Applications.............................................................................................................................................................................. 11 Alexandre Dmitriev Functional optoelectronic nanomaterials

Gorton, Dan

211

Research Network E-Mobility Research Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCIENCE LAB 1. Energy Nanomaterials Science and Engineering Synthesis, Characterization, and Functional

Berlin,Technische Universität

212

Nanomaterials Environmental Health and Safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Year after year, global spending on nanotechnology research and development (R&D) has ratcheted upwardto more than $13 billion in 2008. ...

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

213

Special Topics: Nanomaterials: Web resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

WEB: Material Innovations: from Nanotech to Biotech and Beyond! Presentations from the 2007 ACS Presidential Session, 0, 759, Todd Osman, 1/9/2008 7:45...

214

Thermodynamics and Processing of Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Register as a New User ... Symposium, Surfaces and Heterostructures at Nano- or Micro-Scale and Their ... Data Transmission Performance of Graphene Interconnects Development and Mechanical Characterization of Novel Alumina Based ... at a Polymer Surface Monitored by Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance.

215

Nanomaterials: Nomenclature, Novelty, and Necessity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ADVERTISING INFORMATION .... carbon nanocrystal aggregates present in the atmosphere were analyzed via .... Nanoceramic powders, the most commercially important of which are simple metal oxides, constitute almost 90% of the total market. ... It is anticipated that there will be significant impact in the energy area,...

216

Microfluidic synthesis of colloidal nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on microfluidics based approaches for synthesis and surface-engineering of colloidal particles. Bottom-up assembly through colloidal nucleation and growth is a popular route to the controlled synthesis ...

Khan, Saif A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Technical Approaches to Commercial Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nano-silica on Concrete Compressive Strength at Early Age: Nitza Garcia1; Luis Zapata1; O. Marcelo Suarez1; Mauricio Cabrera1; 1University of Puerto Rico

218

Mechanomutable Nanomaterials: Multiscale Computational and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Mutable materials are found widely in biology, characterized by a material's capacity to change its properties under external cues based on...

219

March 2008 JOM: Producing Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Laboratory Workplace Safety Practices and Sampling and Analysis ... Insurers would be prudent to consider adverse scenarios (to human health) when...

220

Functional Integration on Constrained Function Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analogy with Bayesian inference is used to study constrained physical systems within the context of functional integration. Since functional integrals probe function spaces, both kinematical and dynamical constraints are treated simultaneously and on equal footing. Following the analogy, functional counterparts of conditional and conjugate probability distributions are introduced for integrators and then applied to some well-known examples of constrained functional integrals. The analysis leads to some new functional integration tools and methods. These are utilized to construct a model of the prime counting function as a constrained gamma process.

J. LaChapelle

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Synthesis, characterization, and exciton dynamics of II-VI semiconducting nanomaterials and ab-initio studies for applications in explosives sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of ZnO nanowires with CdSe quantum dots for photovoltaicY. , "Double-sided CdS and CdSe quantum dot co-sensitizedWillner, I. Functionalized CdSe/ZnS QDs for the Detection of

Cooper, Jason Kyle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Functional Mellin Transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Functional integrals are defined in terms of locally compact topological groups and their associated Banach-valued Haar integrals. This approach generalizes the functional integral scheme of Cartier and DeWitt-Morette. The definition allows a construction of functional Mellin transforms. In turn, the functional Mellin transforms can be used to define functional traces, logarithms, and determinants. The associated functional integrals are useful tools for probing function spaces in general and $C^\\ast$-algebras in particular. Several interesting aspects are explored. As an application, we construct a functional Mellin representation of the quantum evolution operator.

J. LaChapelle

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

223

Functional Foods Package  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contains five (5) titles regarding functional foods. Functional Foods Package Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Value Packages Nutrition Health Food Science Biochemistry This Value Package includes: ...

224

Transportation Organization and Functions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Office of Packaging and Transportation list of organizations and functions, with a list of acronyms.

225

Functional Properties Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Methods Group Staff; Materials Measurement Science Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Functional Properties ...

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

226

Symmetric Boolean functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractWe present an extensive study of symmetric Boolean functions, especially of their cryptographic properties. Our main result establishes the link between the periodicity of the simplified value vector of a symmetric Boolean function and its degree. Besides the reduction of the amount of memory required for representing a symmetric function, this property has some consequences from a cryptographic point of view. For instance, it leads to a new general bound on the order of resiliency of symmetric functions, which improves Siegenthalers bound. The propagation characteristics of these functions are also addressed and the algebraic normal forms of all their derivatives are given. We finally detail the characteristics of the symmetric functions of degree at most 7, for any number of variables. Most notably, we determine all balanced symmetric functions of degree less than or equal to 7. Index TermsBoolean functions, correlation immunity, degree, derivation, propagation criterion, resiliency, symmetric functions. I.

Anne Canteaut; Marion Videau

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

delta-Approximable Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study several notions of approximability of functions in the framework of the BSS model. Denoting with M the function computed by a BSS machine M when its comparisons are against - rather than 0, we study ...

Charles Meyssonnier; Paolo Boldi; Sebastiano Vigna

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Functional Logic Overloading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Functional logic overloading is a novel approach to userdefined overloading that extends Haskell's concept of type classes in significant ways. Whereas type classes are conceptually predicates on types in standard Haskell, they are type functions in our approach. Thus, we can base type inference on the evaluation of functional logic programs. Functional logic programming provides a solid theoretical foundation for type functions and, at the same time, allows for programmable overloading resolution strategies by choosing di#erent evaluation strategies for functional logic programs. Type inference with type functions is an instance of type inference with constrained types, where the underlying constraint system is defined by a functional logic program. We have designed a variant of Haskell which supports our approach to overloading, and implemented a prototype frontend for the language.

Matthias Neubauer Peter; Peter Thiemann; Universitt Freiburg

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Functional Programming and Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyses the security contribution of typical functional-language features by examining them in the light of accepted information security principles. Imperative and functional code are compared to illustrate various cases. In conclusion, there may be an excellent case for the use of functional languages on the grounds of better security; however, empirical research should be done to validate this possibility.

Motara, Yusuf Moosa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

TMS 2012: Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and integration of nanomaterials into functional architectures and bulk systems ... in energy harvesting (fuel cells, photovoltaic cells, and batteries), electronic,...

231

Reduced Graphene Sheets Decorated with ZnO Flowers by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2013 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications.

232

The Many Faces of Graphene as Chemical  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2013 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications.

233

Gold Nano-Engineered Mercury Sensor for Alumina Refineries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2010 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

234

Electrochemical oxidation of ethanol on mesoporous NiO fibers in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2014 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications.

235

(RE)-Ba-Cu-O Single Grain Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2011 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

236

Synthesis of Tin Filled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Application to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2010 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

237

3D Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) for Li-Ion Battery Anode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2012 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

238

Piezoelectric Coated Carbon Nanotubes for Electronic Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2012 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

239

Fabrication of Aluminum Carbon Nanotube Composites Via High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2010 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

240

Carbon Nanotube and Thin Film RF Antenna  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2011 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Metal Oxide or Metal Nanodots Decorated g-C3N4 for Efficient ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing ... Processing and Characterization of Inorganic, High Temperature Nanomaterial Filter.

242

Role of Catalyst Dissolution in Shaping VLS Grown Nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing ... Processing and Characterization of Inorganic, High Temperature Nanomaterial Filter.

243

Retained Nanostructures in Monoliths by Multi-anvil High Pressure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing ... Processing and Characterization of Inorganic, High Temperature Nanomaterial Filter.

244

Understanding the Process-structure-property Relationship of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing ... Processing and Characterization of Inorganic, High Temperature Nanomaterial Filter.

245

New Solid Supported Precious Metal Catalysts on Cabonized Wood  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing ... Processing and Characterization of Inorganic, High Temperature Nanomaterial Filter.

246

Fabrication and Characterization of TiO2/ ZnO Nanocomposite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing ... Processing and Characterization of Inorganic, High Temperature Nanomaterial Filter.

247

Christinee Brakel | Technology Commercialization and Partnerships  

... and licensing of inventions from Biology, Medical, Chemistry, Sustainable Energy, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Physics, and Environmental Science. ...

248

Application of Graphene Oxide to the Construction of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2013 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications.

249

U-16: Scaling Down High-k Gate Dielectrics for Graphene-Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2012 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

250

Fluorinated Graphene as a Low-k Dielectric for Graphene Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2013 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications.

251

A Detailed Study of Ozone Process on Graphene for Ozone-Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , 2011 Functional and Structural Nanomaterials: Fabrication, Properties,...

252

Early functionalization - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... The functionalization process is not restricted to linguistic ... initial benefits acquire a role in which they contribute to the safety of groups by...

253

Renormalization group functional equations  

SciTech Connect

Functional conjugation methods are used to analyze the global structure of various renormalization group trajectories and to gain insight into the interplay between continuous and discrete rescaling. With minimal assumptions, the methods produce continuous flows from step-scaling {sigma} functions and lead to exact functional relations for the local flow {beta} functions, whose solutions may have novel, exotic features, including multiple branches. As a result, fixed points of {sigma} are sometimes not true fixed points under continuous changes in scale and zeroes of {beta} do not necessarily signal fixed points of the flow but instead may only indicate turning points of the trajectories.

Curtright, Thomas L. [CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Department of Physics, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124-8046 (United States); Zachos, Cosmas K. [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439-4815 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Renormalization group functional equations.  

SciTech Connect

Functional conjugation methods are used to analyze the global structure of various renormalization group trajectories and to gain insight into the interplay between continuous and discrete rescaling. With minimal assumptions, the methods produce continuous flows from step-scaling {sigma} functions and lead to exact functional relations for the local flow {beta} functions, whose solutions may have novel, exotic features, including multiple branches. As a result, fixed points of {sigma} are sometimes not true fixed points under continuous changes in scale and zeroes of {beta} do not necessarily signal fixed points of the flow but instead may only indicate turning points of the trajectories.

Curtright, T. L.; Zachos, C. K. (High Energy Physics); (Univ. of Miami)

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

255

DOE Functions and Responsibilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety and Security is responsible for developing and maintaining the Department's Directives that address safety management functions, responsibilities and authorities (FRA)....

256

Synthesis modulo recursive functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe techniques for synthesis and verification of recursive functional programs over unbounded domains. Our techniques build on top of an algorithm for satisfiability modulo recursive functions, a framework for deductive synthesis, and complete ... Keywords: inductive learning, satisfiability modulo theories, software synthesis

Etienne Kneuss, Ivan Kuraj, Viktor Kuncak, Philippe Suter

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Function of proteins  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Function of proteins Function of proteins Name: Collins Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the function of proteins in your body? Replies: Proteins have many functions. They serve as enzymatic catalysts, are used as transport molecules (hemoglobin transports oxygen) and storage molecules (iron is stored in the liver as a complex with the protein ferritin); they are used in movement (proteins are the major component of muscles); they are needed for mechanical support (skin and bone contain collagen-a fibrous protein); they mediate cell responses (rhodopsin is a protein in the eye which is used for vision); antibody proteins are needed for immune protection; control of growth and cell differentiation uses proteins (hormones). These are just a few examples of the many, many functions of proteins.

258

GREEN'S FUNCTIONS OF VORTEX OPERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface clustering the Green's function 5.1 actually spreadsb. Another graph for the same Green's function. c. Anothercomposite divergences. The Green's function 5.6, considered

Polchinski, Joseph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Monitoring Nanomaterials in Situ Elaboration, Structure, Morphology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-Situ Neutron Diffraction and Crystal Plasticity Modeling of a-Uranium In-Situ Studies of the ... Thermal Residual Stresses and Strains in Depleted Uranium.

260

Optical Nanomaterials for Photonics/Biophotonics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications of optical nanoparticles in telecommunications, photodetectors, LED , etc. - Fluorescent Imaging using optical nanolabels (including multiphoton...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

Nanomaterials/Nanotechnology: Nanoelectronics to improve ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... History Projections ... This energy demand will continue to grow not only because ... Energy supplies are growing scarcer, energy demands are growing ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

262

Composites comprising biologically-synthesized nanomaterials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure describes composite materials containing a polymer material and a nanoscale material dispersed in the polymer material. The nanoscale materials may be biologically synthesized, such as tellurium nanorods synthesized by Bacillus selenitireducens. Composite materials of the present disclosure may have optical limiting properties and find use in optical limiting devices.

Curran, Seamus; Dias, Sampath; Blau, Werner; Wang, Jun; Oremland, Ronald S; Baesman, Shaun

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

263

Quick, Efficient Film Deposition for Nanomaterials - Energy ...  

Electricity Transmission; Energy Analysis; ... Films can be deposited uniformly in a one-step deposition of nanoparticles with optimized drop distri ...

264

Structural Nanomaterials I - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2013 ... In this study an attempt was made to develop NCD coatings by hot filament chemical vapor deposition on standard high speed steel (HSS)...

265

Design and control of hierarchically structured nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hierarchically ordered porous oxides have garnered much interest because of the numerous applications that can be developed from these materials. The catalytic properties, separation ability, and ion exchangeability of these materials, specifically zeolites, make them great candidates for applications. One area which has not been heavily studied is ways to control the morphology and particle size of these materials through soft chemistry approaches. This dissertation looks at two methodologies which can be used to alter zeolitic particle morphology. The first is a dual templating approach which attempts to incorporate microporous walls within a mesoporous structure. The zeolitic material, silicalite-1, is used as a siliceous precursor for the formation of the mesoporous SBA-15 material. A battery of characterization techniques were used to identify the structural properties of the material, including porosimetry, diffraction, microscopy, and spectroscopy. The overall conclusion was that a material with different properties than the parent SBA-15 were obtained, but that no characterization technique could be used to show the definitive presence of the zeolite in the walls. Another technique studied is the growth of zeolitic materials within the water domains of microemulsions. The concept of a reverse microemulsion, a confined water droplet in a continuous oil phase makes it an interesting system for morphological control. The zeolitic materials should only be able to grow within the water domain, and the reactive materials should be less available as they are trapped in separate micelles. Zeolite A (LTA) and zeolite L (LTL), two technologically important zeolites, were studied. Enhanced growth, larger particles, and unique material aggregates are just a few of the observations made for the two systems. The development of these materials should facilitate the application of zeolite in emerging technologies. In particular, preliminary work has been done on the development of large zeolite crystals with tuned orientations and particle sizes. This research shows multiple ways in which particle size and morphology can be tuned simply by altering the chemistry and reaction conditions of the system. This research has led to unique findings dealing with large zeolite crystals, and should open the door for continued research in this area.

Carr, Charles Shane

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Nanofermentation induced nanomaterials under non-reducible ...  

The U.S. is currently spending 18% of total U.S. electricity consumption for ... 2010). Some 98% of the energy input to incandescent bulbs ends up as heat instead of ...

267

Promoting Nanomaterial Manufacturing by Characterizing and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The 2011 National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Environmental, Health, and ... which enable risk assessment and risk management of engineered ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

268

Nanomaterials for superconductors from the energy prospective  

SciTech Connect

High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) wires or coated conductors (CC) are expected to revolutionize the transmission of electricity enabling the present electric grid to meet the world s growing energy needs. Although superconducting wires can carry 150 times more power than copper wires of the same cross section, further performance improvements are necessary for the superconducting technology to become cost-competitive. This objective can be achieved by introducing and controlling nano-sized defects and non-superconducting phases within the superconducting film s matrix. Such nanostructures, when carefully engineered, significantly increase the loss-free current sustained by the superconductor through a mechanism known as flux pinning. This chapter is a review of the various types of nanostructures that are artificially introduced in superconducting films to enhance the superconductor s performance. Different approaches, materials, and techniques are discussed and the most recent results in this field compared. The last section of this chapter discusses an additional example of nanotechnology employment in superconducting wires. This nanotechnology can be regarded as an atomic surface treatment designed to enable the right crystallographic orientation of the superconducting film deposited on the metal template.

Cantoni, Claudia [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Paul R. C. Kent Nanomaterials Theory Institute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-oxide interface, nanophase stability reversals in nanoparticles, electrolytes for Li-ion batteries, supercapacitor

Pennycook, Steve

270

Chemical Imaging Analysis of Flame Synthesized Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA; 2 Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 3...

271

TIP Project Brief 100095 Novel Nanomaterial Synthesis ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... production of high-efficiency, easy-to-process photoactive materials would drive down solar module manufacturing and installation costs, create ...

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

Exploiting Interfacial Synergy: Energy Applications & Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Increased energy density in Li ion batteries and supercapacitors using carbon nanotubes 2) Efficiency: Reduced friction using nanolubricants between moving

273

Nanomaterials as Interfacial Modifiers in Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Storage: Increased energy density in Li ion batteries and supercapacitors using carbon nanotubes. 2).Efficiency: Reduced friction using nanolubricants between

274

Engineering Carbon Nanomaterials for Energy Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Surfaces and Heterostructures at Nano- or Micro-Scale and ... nanotubes (CNTs), and graphene for various applications in future energy. ... Development and Mechanical Characterization of Novel Alumina Based ... Glass Transition at a Polymer Surface Monitored by Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance.

275

Improved Neutron Scintillators Based on Nanomaterials  

SciTech Connect

The development work conducted in this SBIR has so far not supported the premise that using nano-particles in LiFZnS:Ag foils improves their transparency to 420 (or other frequency) light. This conclusion is based solely on the light absorption properties of LiFZnS foils fabricated from nano- and from micro-particles. Furthermore, even for the case of the Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} foils, the transmission of 420 nm light gained by using nano-particles all but disappears as the foil thickness is increased beyond about 0.2 mm, a practical scintillator thickness. This was not immediately apparent from the preliminary study since no foils thicker than about 0.04 mm were produced. Initially it was believed that the failure to see an improvement by using nano-particles for the LiFZnS foils was caused by the clumping of the particles in Toluene due to the polarity of the ZnS particles. However, we found, much to our surprise, that nano-particle ZnS alone in polystyrene, and in Epoxy, had worse light transmission properties than the micro-particle foils for equivalent thickness and density foils. The neutron detection measurements, while disappointing, are attributable to our inability to procure or fabricate Bulk Doped ZnS nanoparticles. The cause for the failure of nano-particles to improve the scintillation light, and hence improved neutron detection efficiency, is a fundamental one of light scattering within the scintillator. A consequence of PartTec's documentation of this is that several concepts for the fabrication of improved {sup 6}LiFZnS scintillators were formulated that will be the subject of a future SBIR submission.

Dennis Friesel, PhD

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

K5: Microwave Sintering of Electrolyte Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A8: Microstructural Investigation of Nano-Calcium Phosphates Doped with Fluoride Ions .... D7: Surfactant Structureproperty Relationship: Effect of Polypropylene ... E4: The Effect of Monobutyl Ether Ethylene Glycol on the Conductivity and...

277

Advanced Nanomaterials Structures for Enhanced Solar Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The efficiency of the Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) systems can be improved if the sunlight absorbing layer of the solar thermal structure is made of...

278

Nanomaterials in fluorescence-based biosensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

outside the core/shell CdSe/ZnS is intact. Polyethylenenanostructure coupled to CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals for MEF wasphotoluminescence properties of CdSe QDs showed that CNTs

Zhong, Wenwan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Synthesis and Spectroscopy of Composite Semiconductor Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properties of Core/Shell/Shell CdSe/ ZnSe/ZnS Quantum Dotselectron injection rate from CdSe to TiO 2 was very high,absorption of CdSe/TiO 2 nanorod arrays. .

Fitzmorris, Robert Carl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Intense Pulsed Light Sintering Technique for Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in Current Activated Tip-Based Sintering (CATS) Advances in Synthesis and Densification of Heterogeneous Materials Application of Metal Injection...

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281

Atomistic Potentials and the Future of Nanomaterials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... It is therefore essential that engineers and researchers know which interatomic potentials are available and how well they ... Facilities/Tools Used: ...

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

282

Carbon nanomaterials in silica aerogel matrices  

SciTech Connect

Silica aerogels are ultra low-density, high surface area materials that are extremely good thermal insulators and have numerous technical applications. However, their mechanical properties are not ideal, as they are brittle and prone to shattering. Conversely, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and graphene-based materials, such as graphene oxide, have extremely high tensile strength and possess novel electronic properties. By introducing SWCNTs or graphene-based materials into aerogel matrices, it is possible to produce composites with the desirable properties of both constituents. We have successfully dispersed SWCNTs and graphene-based materials into silica gels. Subsequent supercritical drying results in monolithic low-density composites having improved mechanical properties. These nanocomposite aerogels have great potential for use in a wide range of applications.

Hamilton, Christopher E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chavez, Manuel E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Duque, Juan G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gupta, Gautam [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Doorn, Stephen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dattelbaum, Andrew M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Obrey, Kimberly A D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Chemical Characterization of Nanomaterial Formulations for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL) is a ... National Institutes of Health (NIH). ... infrastructure and characterization services with the ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

Symposium D: Bulk Metallic Glasses and Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 3, 2010 ... The distribution of electron beams produced by the two kinds of arrays was diagnosed by plasma radiation and Cerenkov radiation. With the...

285

One Dimensional Multiferroic Nanomaterials/Nanocomposites for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthesis and Characterization of Plasma Polymerized Thin Films Deposited from Benzene and Hexamethyldisiloxane Using (PECVD) Method Synthesis and...

286

Nanothermites: Unconventional Nanomaterials with High Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, MS&T'13 Poster Session. Presentation Title, Nanothermites: Unconventional...

287

Synthesis and Spectroscopy of Composite Semiconductor Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wind or solar energy for hydrogen storage and hydrogen fuelstudied energy storage molecule is hydrogen gas. Molecular

Fitzmorris, Robert Carl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Magnesium-Based Hydrogen Storage Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructural Evolution of SnS Thin Films Grown by Electrodeposition Morphology Engineering of 1D, 2D and 3D TiO2 Nanostructures and Their Application...

289

Nanomaterials Discovery Corporation NDC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation (NDC) Place Laramie, Wyoming Zip WY 82072 Sector Carbon Product NDC's nanotechnology development efforts are focused on fuel cell technologies, rechargeable battery...

290

Overview of Commercial Production of Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At this fine scale, the inner workings of biology mainly occur, quantum effects dominate, and surfaces and interfaces play a major role in determining the...

291

Quick, Efficient Film Deposition for Nanomaterials  

Photovoltaic cells, laser diodes and solid state ... Measurement Science and Systems Engineering Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Licensing ...

292

Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Elena Rozhkova is studying ways to enlist nanoparticles to treat brain cancer. This nano-bio technology may eventually provide an alternative form of therapy that targets only...

293

Fracture of Thin Films and Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Fracture Toughness of SPD-Deformed Nanostructured Rail Steels and Its Implications on the In-Service Behaviour: Christoph Kammerhofer1;...

294

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the portion of the graphene marked by dash lines and the corresponding nanowire and Substrate Nanowires nanowires evenly patterned in parallel on a SiO2 substrate. The dash lines delineate the portion of graphene. As indicated by the color shades, high strain energy states in the graphene nanoribbon occur at the regions

Li, Teng

295

Discontinuous Function Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discontinuous Function Integration Discontinuous Function Integration Name: Clarence Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: We know that the area under a continuous function on a certain interval, for instance, [a,b], can be found out by definite integration (taking limit of a sum of areas of rectangles). But when the curve is a discontinuous function, the limit does not exist and is not independent of the choice of the height of rectangle in each delta x. Does it mean that the height in an interval delta x including f(x) of undefined value can be any value so that a limiting value (area under the curve) does not exist? Replies: If I understand your question correctly, here is a way out. The limits of integration are divided into sections [x1,y1] to [x2,y2] over which the function is continuous. Then the next section [x2,y2] to [x3,y3] over which the function is continuous is added to the first section. You can carry this on as long as you need to include each of the separate segments. That is not so hard, but I am not completely sure that is what you are asking. There are some pathological functions where this pasting together does not work so well.

296

Functionalized expanded porphyrins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are functionalized expanded porphyrins that can be used as spectrometric sensors for high-valent actinide cations. The disclosed functionalized expanded porphyrins have the advantage over unfunctionalized systems in that they can be immobilized via covalent attachment to a solid support comprising an inorganic or organic polymer or other common substrates. Substrates comprising the disclosed functionalized expanded porphyrins are also disclosed. Further, disclosed are methods of making the disclosed compounds (immobilized and free), methods of using them as sensors to detect high valent actinides, devices that comprise the disclosed compounds, and kits.

Sessler, Jonathan L; Pantos, Patricia J

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

297

DLMF: 27.2 Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Defines: : divisor function and : number of distinct primes dividing Keywords: EulerFermat theorem, Euler's totient, Jordan's function, Liouville's ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

298

Pretzelosity distribution function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 'pretzelosity' distribution is discussed. Theoretical properties, model results, and perspectives to access experimental information on this leading twist, transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function are reviewed. Its relation to helicity and transversity distributions is highlighted.

H. Avakian; A. V. Efremov; P. Schweitzer; F. Yuan

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

Structure function monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for a structure function monitor provide for generation of parameters characterizing a refractive medium. In an embodiment, a structure function monitor acquires images of a pupil plane and an image plane and, from these images, retrieves the phase over an aperture, unwraps the retrieved phase, and analyzes the unwrapped retrieved phase. In an embodiment, analysis yields atmospheric parameters measured at spatial scales from zero to the diameter of a telescope used to collect light from a source.

McGraw, John T. (Placitas, NM); Zimmer, Peter C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

300

Structure/Function Relationships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure/Function Relationships Structure/Function Relationships in Electronic Ceramics Device applications require concurrent optimization of many functional charac- teristics of materials via modifications of their crystal structures using complex chemistry. We found anomalous XAS results on the temperature dependence of the coordination geometry of Ag(Nb,Ta)O3, the only known system that exhibits large, temperature-stable dielectric constants and modest dielectric loss at microwave frequencies. Beamline for Materials Measurement (BMM) Group Leader: Daniel Fischer Proposal Team: D. Fischer, J. Woicik, B. Ravel National Institute of Standards and Technology TECHNIQUES AND CAPABILITIES APPLICATIONS NIST INVESTMENT IN BMM * The mission of BMM is to apply X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Partition Function of Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a microscopic model of spacetime, where spacetime is assumed to be a specific graph with Planck size quantum black holes on its vertices. As a thermodynamical system under consideration we take a certain uniformly accelerating, spacelike two-surface of spacetime which we call, for the sake of brevity and simplicity, as {\\it acceleration surface}. Using our model we manage to obtain an explicit and surprisingly simple expression for the partition function of an acceleration surface. Our partition function implies, among other things, the Unruh and the Hawking effects. It turns out that the Unruh and the Hawking effects are consequences of a specific phase transition, which takes place in spacetime, when the temperature of spacetime equals, from the point of view of an observer at rest with respect to an acceleration surface, to the Unruh temperature measured by that observer. When constructing the partition function of an acceleration surface we are forced to introduce a quantity which plays the ro...

Makela, Jarmo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Process for functionalizing alkanes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for functionalizing saturated hydrocarbons comprises: (a) reacting said saturated hydrocarbons of the formula: R[sub 1]H wherein H represents a hydrogen atom; and R[sub 1] represents a saturated hydrocarbon radical, with a metal complex of the formula: CpRh[P(R[sub 2])[sub 3

Bergman, R.G.; Janowicz, A.H.; Periana, R.A.

1988-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

303

Outsourcing network functionality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an architecture for adding functionality to networks via outsourcing. In this model, the enterprise network only forwards data; any additional processing is performed by external Feature Providers (FPs). FPs provide and manage ... Keywords: jingling, middleboxes, network services, outsourcing, sdn

Glen Gibb; Hongyi Zeng; Nick McKeown

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Astrophysical thermonuclear functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stars are gravitationally stabilized fusion reactors changing their chemical composition while transforming light atomic nuclei into heavy ones. The atomic nuclei are supposed to be in thermal equilibrium with the ambient plasma. The majority of reactions among nuclei leading to a nuclear transformation are inhibited by the necessity for the charged participants to tunnel through their mutual Coulomb barrier. As theoretical knowledge and experimental verification of nuclear cross sections increases it becomes possible to refine analytic representations for nuclear reaction rates. Over the years various approaches have been made to derive closed-form representations of thermonuclear reaction rates (Critchfield 1972, Haubold and John 1978, Haubold, Mathai and Anderson 1987). They show that the reaction rate contains the astrophysical cross section factor and its derivatives which has to be determined experimentally, and an integral part of the thermonuclear reaction rate independent from experimental results which can be treated by closed-form representation techniques in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions. In this paper mathematical/statistical techniques for deriving closed-form representations of thermonuclear functions will be summarized and numerical results for them will be given. The separation of thermonuclear functions from thermonuclear reaction rates is our preferred result. The purpose of the paper is also to compare numerical results for approximate and closed-form representations of thermonuclear functions. This paper completes the work of Haubold, Mathai, and Anderson (1987).

William J. Anderson; Hans J. Haubold; Arak Mathai Mathai

1993-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

NSLS 2007 Activity Report (National Synchrotron Light Source Activity Report 2007)  

SciTech Connect

The National Synchrotron Light Source is one of the world's most productive and cost-effective user facilities. With 2,219 individual users, about 100 more than last year, and a record-high 985 publications, 2007 was no exception. In addition to producing an impressive array of science highlights, which are included in this Activity Report, many NSLS users were honored this year for their scientific accomplishments. Throughout the year, there were major strides in the development of the scientific programs by strengthening strategic partnerships with major research resources and with the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN). Of particular note, the Consortium for Materials Properties Research in Earth Sciences (COMPRES) received renewed funding for the next five years through the National Science Foundation. COMPRES operates four high-pressure NSLS beamlines--X17B2, X17B3, X17C, and U2A--and serves the earth science community as well as the rapidly expanding segment of researchers using high-pressure techniques in materials, chemical, and energy-related sciences. A joint appointment was made between the NSLS and Stony Brook University to further enhance interactions with COMPRES. There was major progress on two key beamline projects outlined in the Five-Year Strategic Plan: the X25 beamline upgrade and the construction of the X9 small angle scattering (SAXS) beamline. The X25 overhaul, which began with the installation of the in-vacuum mini-gap undulator (MGU) in January 2006, is now complete. X25 is once again the brightest beamline for macromolecular crystallography at the NSLS, and in tandem with the X29 undulator beamline, it will keep the NSLS at the cutting edge in this important area of research. Upgrade work associated with the new MGU and the front end for the X9 SAXS beamline--jointly developed by the NSLS and the CFN--also was completed. Beamline X9 will host the SAXS program that currently exists at beamline X21 and will provide new microbeam SAXS capabilities and much-needed beam time for the life sciences, soft condensed matter physics, and nanoscience communities. Looking toward the future, a significant step has been made in expanding the user base and diversifying the work force by holding the first Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Professors' Workshop. The workshop, which brought 11 professors to the NSLS to learn how to become successful synchrotron users, concluded with the formation of an HBCU User Consortium. Finally, significant contributions were made in optics and detector development to enhance the utilization of the NSLS and address the challenges of NSLS-II. In particular, x-ray detectors developed by the NSLS Detector Section have been adopted by an increasing number of research programs both at the NSLS and at light sources around the world, speeding up measurement times by orders of magnitude and making completely new experiments feasible. Significant advances in focusing and high-energy resolution optics have also been made this year.

Miller ,L.; Nasta, K.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

NSLS 2006 ACTIVITY REPORT (NATIONAL SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE ACTIVITY REPORT 2006)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This past year has seen both challenges and fantastic new opportunities for the user community at the NSLS. The fantastic new opportunities are clear and abundant. We now have a five-year strategic plan for new development and continued operation of the NSLS. The NSLS continues to be an extremely productive facility, and the UEC is delighted at how NSLS Chair Chi-Chang Kao has consulted widely within the user community to develop a five-year plan for strategic upgrades and continued operation of the facility. The NSLS-II project, led by Associate Lab Director Steve Dierker, has done very well in its Department of Energy (DOE) reviews and will hopefully soon receive Critical Decision-1 (CD-1) approval, which in DOE lingo gives a go-ahead to launch the detailed design of the facility. We also held the first joint user meeting between the NSLS and Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN), for which the building is near completion. The joint user meeting is an important step toward the close collaboration of the two facilities. The CFN, led by Emilio Mendez, promises to provide capabilities and research foci that are complementary to those at the NSLS. Together, all of these developments give a clear path to an exciting future of synchrotron radiation research at Brookhaven! However, with opportunities come challenges! One of the largest of these faced in the past year involved congressional support for scientific research in general, and DOE user facilities in particular. As you likely know, Congress did not complete its usual budget process in 2006, with the exceptions of the departments of Defense and Homeland Security. This left science funding at the budget levels enacted in late 2005 for FY2006, and unfortunately, FY2006 was not a particularly memorable vintage for science support. The good news is that you, the user community, have spoken up with unprecedented vigor about this, and Congress appears to be listening. As we look at the FY2007 budget and the years to follow, we need to continue to educate our elected representatives about the benefits that are provided to our society and our economy by scientific investigation including research done at DOE user facilities like the NSLS. We face another interesting challenge as the NSLS-II project progresses: the formation of scientific research teams associated with particular beamlines at the new facility. In early 2007, the final draft of the conceptual design report will be available, which will describe the projected capabilities of NSLS-II, and we can expect a workshop in mid-2007 to launch the process leading to letters of intent for beamlines. This process will include lots of discussion about access modes, as we seek ways to allow scientific and technical innovators from the user community to play significant roles at NSLS-II.

MILLER, L. (EDITOR)

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

307

Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 LDRD PROJECTS 8 LDRD PROJECTS LDRD Project Project Title P.I. Dept/Bldg. 06-004 Detector Development for Very Long Baseline Neutrino Exp. M. Diwan PHYS/510E 06-012 Detector for High Quality Images of Electron Microscopy P. Rehak INST/535B 06-017 Transmission Photocathode Development J. Smedley INST/535B 06-021 Synthesis and Characterization of Band-Gap- Narrowed TiO2 Thin Films and Nanoparticles for Solar Energy Conversion E. Sutter CFN/480 06-030 Development of Gadolinium-Loaded Liquid- Scintillators with Long-Term Chemical Stability for a New High-Precision Measurement of the Neutrino Mixing Angle, Theta-13 R.L. Hahn CHEM/555A 06-037 Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes and Novel Multicomponent Nanomaterials J.P. Hill CMPMSD/510B 06-038 Growth and Characterization of CdZnTe Crystals

308

Energy Functional for Nuclear Masses.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An energy functional is formulated for mass calculations of nuclei across the nuclear chart with major-shell occupations as the relevant degrees of freedom. The functional (more)

Bertolli, Michael Giovanni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Two-Cluster Distribution Functions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Distribution Functions New New: Green's function Monte Carlo results We have computed momentum distributions and configuration space overlaps in a number of systems,...

310

Extracting the Eliashberg Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracting the Eliashberg Function Print Extracting the Eliashberg Function Print A multitude of important chemical, physical, and biological phenomena are driven by violations of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation (BOA), which decouples electronic from nuclear motion in quantum calculations of solids. Recent advances in experimental techniques combined with ever-growing theoretical capabilities now hold the promise of presenting an unprecedented picture of these violations. By means of high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission at the ALS and theoretical calculations, a multi-institutional collaboration that includes researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the University of Tennessee, Stanford University, and the ALS has obtained the first high-resolution spectroscopic images of the specific vibrational modes that couple to a given electronic state.

311

Extracting the Eliashberg Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extracting the Eliashberg Extracting the Eliashberg Function Extracting the Eliashberg Function Print Wednesday, 23 February 2005 00:00 A multitude of important chemical, physical, and biological phenomena are driven by violations of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation (BOA), which decouples electronic from nuclear motion in quantum calculations of solids. Recent advances in experimental techniques combined with ever-growing theoretical capabilities now hold the promise of presenting an unprecedented picture of these violations. By means of high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission at the ALS and theoretical calculations, a multi-institutional collaboration that includes researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the University of Tennessee, Stanford University, and the ALS has obtained the first high-resolution spectroscopic images of the specific vibrational modes that couple to a given electronic state.

312

Superconducting combined function magnets  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting accelerators and storage rings, presently under construction or in the design phase, are based on separate dipole and quadrupole magnets. It is here suggested that a hybrid lattice configuration consisting of dipoles and combined function gradient magnets would: (1) reduce the number of magnet units and their total cost; and (2) increase the filling factor and thus the energy at a given field. Coil cross sections are presented for the example of the Brookhaven Colliding Beam Accelerator. An asymmetric two-layer cable gradient magnet would have transfer functions of 10.42 G/A and 0.628 G cm/sup -1//A versus 15.77 G/A and 2.03 G cm/sup -1//A of the present separate dipoles and quadrupoles.

Hahn, H.; Fernow, R.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Generalised twisted partition functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the set of partition functions that result from the insertion of twist operators compatible with conformal invariance in a given 2D Conformal Field Theory (CFT). A consistency equation, which gives a classification of twists, is written and solved in particular cases. This generalises old results on twisted torus boundary conditions, gives a physical interpretation of Ocneanu's algebraic construction, and might offer a new route to the study of properties of CFT.

Petkova, V B

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Partition Function of Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a microscopic model of spacetime, where spacetime is assumed to be a specific graph with Planck size quantum black holes on its vertices. As a thermodynamical system under consideration we take a certain uniformly accelerating, spacelike two-surface of spacetime which we call, for the sake of brevity and simplicity, as {\\it acceleration surface}. Using our model we manage to obtain an explicit and surprisingly simple expression for the partition function of an acceleration surface. Our partition function implies, among other things, the Unruh and the Hawking effects. It turns out that the Unruh and the Hawking effects are consequences of a specific phase transition, which takes place in spacetime, when the temperature of spacetime equals, from the point of view of an observer at rest with respect to an acceleration surface, to the Unruh temperature measured by that observer. When constructing the partition function of an acceleration surface we are forced to introduce a quantity which plays the role of thermal energy of the surface. An interpretation of that quantity as energy in a normal manner yields Einstein's field equation with a vanishing cosmological constant for general matter fields.

Jarmo Makela

2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

315

Functional Metal Phosphonates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary goal of the work described in this dissertation was the incorporation of functionality into metal phosphonates. This was done in one of several ways. The first involved using phosphonate ligands that had covalently attached organic functional groups. In some cases, these ligands undergo reactions during the solvothermal syntheses which can impart new chemical reactivity. Another method used to introduce functionality was to partially or completely substitute metal atoms within phosphonate clusters to create materials which may have interesting magnetic properties. By controlling the way these clusters pack in the solids, their magnetic properties may be able to be augmented. The final method used to impart functionality to metal phosphonates was the incorporation of N-donor and bulky aryl groups into the phosphonate ligands. These influences caused structural variations which exposed potentially active sites within the materials, including both Lewis acidic and basic sites, as well as Bronsted acid sites. The first strategy was employed in the design of tetravalent metal phosphonates which have covalently incorporated bipyridine moieties. The materials are porous so that the bipyridine sites can chelate Pd atoms from solution, which can then be reduced to stable nanoparticles trapped within the phosphonate matrix. This approach was also used in the synthesis of surface-functionalized divalent metal phosphonates which exhibit interesting amine uptake properties. Solvent and cation substitution effects were used to control the packing and connectivity of phosphonate-based clusters. The selective substitution of metal atoms within the clusters may lead to interesting magnetic materials. In other work, N-donor and bulky phosphonates were used to influence the structure of several SnII phosphonates, which resulted in the discovery of a new layered structure type. The effect of the Sn-N interaction on the structures is investigated, and found to have significant effects on the structural units formed and how they pack in the solid state. The work presented herein represents only a small fraction of the rich chemistry of metal phosphonates. Creative researchers will continue to push boundaries and find new and interesting applications for phosphonate-based materials.

Perry, Houston Phillipp

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Organization and Functions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working to Ensure the Safety and Security of Hazardous Material Shipments Working to Ensure the Safety and Security of Hazardous Material Shipments Organization and Functions Mission Unit EM-30 Deputy Assistant Secretary/ADAS Waste Management Director Office of Packaging and Transportation EM-33 Regulations & Standards Support * ANSI * ASME/ ASTM * DHS * DOD FEMA * FMCSA * FRA * IAEA * ICAO * IMO * NRC * Orders * PHMSA TSA * UN TDG SCOE Packaging Certification * CoCs for Type B/AF Packages * DOE Exemptions * DOT Special Permits & COCA * QA * RAMPAC * SCALE * Technical Assistance * Training Program & Site Support * ATMS * EFCOG * EIS Reviews * IPT * Load Securement Guide * PMC * RADCALC * RADTRAN * Secure transport * Technical assistance * Tenders * TMC * TRAGIS

317

Process for functionalizing alkanes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for functionalizing saturated hydrocarbons comprising: (a) reacting said saturated hydrocarbons of the formula: R.sub.1 H wherein H represents a hydrogen atom; and R.sub.1 represents a saturated hydrocarbon radical, with a metal complex of the formula: CpRh[P(R.sub.2).sub.3 ]H.sub.2 wherein Cp represents a cyclopentadienyl or alkylcyclopentadienyl radical; Rh represents a rhodium atom; P represents a phosphorus atom; R.sub.2 represents a hydrocarbon radical; H represents a hydrogen atom, in the presence of ultraviolet radiation to form a hydridoalkyl complex of the formula: CpRh[P(R.sub.2).sub.3 ](R.sub.1)H (b) reacting said hydridoalkyl complex with an organic halogenating agent such as a tetrahalomethane or a haloform of the formulas: CX'X''X'''X'''' or CHX'X''X''' wherein X', X'', X'", X"" represent halogens selected from bromine, iodine or chlorine atom, at a temperature in the range of about -60.degree. to -17.degree. C. to form the corresponding haloalkyl complex of step (a) having the formula: CpRhPMe.sub.3 RX; and, (c) reacting said haloalkyl complex formed in (b) with halogen (X.sub.2) at a temperature in the range of about -60.degree. to 25.degree. C. (i.e., ambient) to form a functional haloalkyl compound.

Bergman, Robert G. (Kensington, CA); Janowicz, Andrew H. (Wilmington, DE); Periana, Roy A. (Berkeley, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Process for functionalizing alkanes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Process for functionalizing saturated hydrocarbons comprising: (a) reacting said saturated hydrocarbons of the formula: R.sub.1 H wherein H represents a hydrogen atom; and R.sub.1 represents a saturated hydrocarbon radical, with a metal complex of the formula: CpRh[P(R.sub.2).sub.3 ]H.sub.2 wherein Cp represents a cyclopentadienyl or alkylcyclopentadienyl radical; Rh represents a rhodium atom; P represents a phosphorus atom; R.sub.2 represents a hydrocarbon radical; H represents a hydrogen atom, in the presence of ultraviolet radiation to form a hydridoalkyl complex of the formula: CpRh[P(R.sub.2).sub.3 ](R.sub.1)H (b) reacting said hydridoalkyl complex with an organic halogenating agent such as a tetrahalomethane or a haloform of the formulas: CX'X''X'''X'''' or CHX'X''X''' wherein X', X'', X'", X"" represent halogens selected from bromine, iodine or chlorine atom, at a temperature in the range of about -60.degree. to -17.degree. C. to form the corresponding haloalkyl complex of step (a) having the formula: CpRhPMe.sub.3 RX; and, (c) reacting said haloalkyl complex formed in (b) with halogen (X.sub.2) at a temperature in the range of about -60.degree. to 25.degree. C. (i.e., ambient) to form a functional haloalkyl compound.

Bergman, Robert G. (Kensington, CA); Janowicz, Andrew H. (Wilmington, DE); Periana, Roy A. (Berkeley, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Review Functional hemodynamic monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hemodynamic monitoring is a central component of intensive care. Patterns of hemodynamic variables often suggest cardiogenic, hypovolemic, obstructive, or distributive (septic) etiologies to cardiovascular insufficiency, thus defining the specific treatments required. Monitoring increases in invasiveness, as required, as the risk for cardiovascular instability-induced morbidity increases because of the need to define more accurately the diagnosis and monitor the response to therapy. Monitoring is also context specific: requirements during cardiac surgery will be different from those in the intensive care unit or emergency department. Solitary hemodynamic values are useful as threshold monitors (e.g. hypotension is always pathological, central venous pressure is only elevated in disease). Some hemodynamic values can only be interpreted relative to metabolic demand, whereas others have multiple meanings. Functional hemodynamic monitoring implies a therapeutic application, independent of diagnosis such as a therapeutic trial of fluid challenge to assess preload responsiveness. Newer methods for assessing preload responsiveness include monitoring changes in central venous pressure during spontaneous inspiration, and variations in arterial pulse pressure, systolic pressure, and aortic flow variation in response to vena caval collapse during positive pressure ventilation or passive leg raising. Defining preload responsiveness using these functional measures, coupled to treatment protocols, can improve outcome from critical illness. Potentially, as these and newer, less invasive hemodynamic measures are validated, they could be incorporated into such protocolized care in a costeffective manner.

Michael R Pinsky; Didier Payen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Hierarchical Structure for function approximation using radial basis function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hierarchial network proposed (Multi-RBFNN), is composed of complete Radial Basis Function Neural Networks (RBFNNs) that are in charge of a reduced set of input variables with the property of which every Sub-RBFNN can take charge of a set of input ... Keywords: function approximation, hierarchical architectures, input variable selection, radial bases functions

A. Awad; H. Pomares; I. Rojas; L. J. Herrera; A. Guillen; O. Valenzuela

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Guidance on Inherently Governmental Functions | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inherently Governmental Functions Guidance on Inherently Governmental Functions Federal law prohibits contractors from performing "inherently governmental functions." This guidance...

322

Network coding for function computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K. Zeger. Unachievability of Network Cod- ing Capacity. IEEEto target function f is C cod (N , f ) = sup k : ? (k, n)target function f , then C cod (N , f ) ? min-cut(N , f ).

Appuswamy, Rathinakumar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Functional compression : theory and application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of functional compression. The objective is to separately compress possibly correlated discrete sources such that an arbitrary deterministic function of those sources can be computed given the ...

Doshi, Vishal D. (Vishal Devendra)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Purely functional lazy nondeterministic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Functional logic programming and probabilistic programming have demonstrated the broad benefits of combining laziness (nonstrict evaluation with sharing of the results) with nondeterminism. Yet these benefits are seldom enjoyed in functional programming ...

Sebastian Fischer; Oleg Kiselyov; Chung-chieh Shan

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Parabolic-Trigonometric Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parabolic functions are introduced in analogy to the circular and hyperbolic cases. We discuss the relevant properties, the geometrical interpretation and touch on possible generalizations and their link with the modular elliptic functions.

G. Dattoli; M. Migliorati; M. Quattromini; P. E. Ricci

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

326

Model Driven Security Functional Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model Driven Security Functional Testing. Summary: Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) is emerging as a promising approach ...

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Functional Composites: Fluorescent Carbon Nanotubes in Silica ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Functional and Innovative Composites. Presentation Title, Functional...

328

Supply Function Equilibria: Step Functions and Continuous Representations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Daniel Ralph In most wholesale electricity markets generators must submit step- function offers of supply to a uniform price auction, and the market is cleared at the price of the most expensive offer needed to meet realised demand. Such markets... functions and continuous representations1 Pr Holmberg,2 David Newbery3 and Daniel Ralph4 31 December 2008 Abstract In most wholesale electricity markets generators must submit step-function offers of supply to a uniform price auction...

Holmberg, P; Newbery, David; Ralph, Daniel

329

Methods of making functionalized nanorods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process for forming functionalized nanorods. The process includes providing a substrate, modifying the substrate by depositing a self-assembled monolayer of a bi-functional molecule on the substrate, wherein the monolayer is chosen such that one side of the bi-functional molecule binds to the substrate surface and the other side shows an independent affinity for binding to a nanocrystal surface, so as to form a modified substrate. The process further includes contacting the modified substrate with a solution containing nanocrystal colloids, forming a bound monolayer of nanocrystals on the substrate surface, depositing a polymer layer over the monolayer of nanocrystals to partially cover the monolayer of nanocrystals, so as to leave a layer of exposed nanocrystals, functionalizing the exposed nanocrystals, to form functionalized nanocrystals, and then releasing the functionalized nanocrystals from the substrate.

Gur, Ilan (San Francisco, CA); Milliron, Delia (Berkeley, CA); Alivisatos, A. Paul (Oakland, CA); Liu, Haitao (Berkeley, CA)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

330

Aerogels: Chemical Functionalization of Nanostructured ...  

Summary. There exists a need for durable and thin functional coatings to utilize the afforded surface area of highly porous ceramic materials. ...

331

Generalized Transforms and Special Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the properties of different type of transforms by means of operational methods and discuss the relevant interplay with many families of special functions. We consider in particular the binomial transform and its generalizations. A general method, based on the use of the Fourier transform technique, is proposed for the study of the properties of functions of operators.

G. Dattoli; E. Sabia

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

Generalized series of Bessel functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Known series of Bessel functions, currently available in handbooks, and many of Neumann type, are generalized to arbitrary order. The underlying result is a Poisson formula due to Titchmarsh. This formula gives rise to a Neumann series involving modified ... Keywords: Bessel functions, Neumann series

A. Al-Jarrah; K. M. Dempsey; M. L. Glasser

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Dual function conducting polymer diodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dual function diodes based on conjugated organic polymer active layers are disclosed. When positively biased the diodes function as light emitters. When negatively biased they are highly efficient photodiodes. Methods of preparation and use of these diodes in displays and input/output devices are also disclosed.

Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Yu, Gang (Goleta, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Window Functions for CMB Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the applicability and derivation of window functions for cosmic microwave background experiments on large and intermediate angular scales. These window functions describe the response of the experiment to power in a particular mode of the fluctuation spectrum. We give general formulae, illustrated with specific examples, for the most common observing strategies.

Martin White; Mark Srednicki

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Mixtures of truncated basis functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a framework, called mixtures of truncated basis functions (MoTBFs), for representing general hybrid Bayesian networks. The proposed framework generalizes both the mixture of truncated exponentials (MTEs) framework and the Mixture ... Keywords: Approximations, Hybrid Bayesian networks, Inference, Mixtures of truncated basis functions, Mixtures of truncated exponentials

Helge Langseth; Thomas D. Nielsen; Rafael Rum?; Antonio Salmern

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Functionalized nanoparticles for sensor applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We will describe our work on functionalized arrays of nanoparticles crosslinked with short conducting molecules that contain sensing functionalities. These bridging ligands modulate their conductivity based on their interaction with analytes. This functionalized nanoparticles organic ligand composite material once it is assembled between nanogaps electrodes will provide nanosized sensors that can be easily interrogated. These nanogap sensors will be engineered so that they can be fabricated into arrays of different sensor elements. This project consists of a number of different requirements that must be met in order to enable the use of functionalized nanoparticles for sensor applications. The first requirement is the appropriately functionalized nanoparticle. The second is a method to assemble the particles. The third requirement is the generation of a nanogap to contain the nanoparticles. The successes in each of these areas will be discussed as will the sensing behavior of the final films.

Simonson, Robert Joseph; Childs, Kenton David; Howell, Stephen Wayne; Dirk, Shawn M.; Wheeler, David Roger

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Convertibility of Function Points into COSMIC Function Points: A study using Piecewise Linear Regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background: COSMIC Function Points and traditional Function Points (i.e., IFPUG Function Points and more recent variation of Function Points, such as NESMA and FISMA) are probably the best known and most widely used Functional Size Measurement methods. ... Keywords: COSMIC Function Points, Data analysis, Function Point analysis, Functional Size Measurement, Functional size measure convertibility, Outliers

Luigi Lavazza; Sandro Morasca

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Food Structure & Functionality Forum Newsletter January 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Read the January 2013 Food Structure & Functionality Forum newsletter. Food Structure & Functionality Forum Newsletter January 2013 Food Structure & Functionality Forum Division division divisions food materials food structure Food Structure & Functional

339

Smarandache Type Function Obtained by Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we extend the Smarandache function from the set $N*$ of positive integers to the set $Q$ pf rational numbers. Using the inverse formula, this function is also regarded as a generating function. We put in evidence a procedure to construct a (numerical) function starting from a given function in two particular cases. Also, connections between this function and Euler totient function as well as with Riemann zeta function are established.

C. Dumitrescu; N. Virlan; St. Zamfir; E. Radescu; N. Radescu; F. Smarandache

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

340

Distributed Anonymous Discrete Function Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a model for deterministic distributed function computation by a network of identical and anonymous nodes. In this model, each node has bounded computation and storage capabilities that do not grow with the network ...

Tsitsiklis, John N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Functional Requirements and Use Cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

iously also beneficial in information systems development, staging core functionality for early releases and adding features over the course of several subsequent releases. In many industries, companies produce product lines with different cost/feature variations per product in the line, and product families that include a number of product lines targeted at somewhat different markets or usage situations. What makes these product lines part of a family, are some common elements of functionality and identity. A platform-based development approach leverages this commonality, utilizing a set of reusable assets across the family. These strategies have important implications for software architecture. In particular, it is not just the functional requirements of the first product or release that must be supported by the architecture. The functional requirements of early (nearly concurrent) releases need to be explicitly taken into account. Later releases are accommodated through architectu

System Has Properties; Ruth Malan; Dana Bredemeyer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Some Anisotropic Viscoelastic Green Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we compute the closed form expressions of elastody- namic Green functions for three different viscoelastic media with simple type of anisotropy. We follow Burridge et al. [Proc. Royal Soc. of London. 440(1910): (1993)] to express unknown Green function in terms of three scalar functions $\\phi_i$, by using the spectral decomposition of the Christoffel tensor associated with the medium. The problem of computing Green function is, thus reduced to the resolution of three scalar wave equations satisfied by $\\phi_i$, and subsequent equations with $\\phi_i$ as source terms. To describe viscosity effects, we choose an empirical power law model which becomes well known Voigt model for quadratic frequency losses.

Bretin, Elie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Systems security and functional readiness  

SciTech Connect

In Protective Programming Planning, it is important that every facility or installation be configured to support the basic functions and mission of the using organization. This paper addresses the process of identifying the key functional operations of our facilities in Europe and providing the security necessary to keep them operating in natural and man-made threat environments. Functional Readiness is important since many of our existing facilities in Europe were not constructed to meet the demands of today's requirements. There are increased requirements for real-time systems with classified terminals and stringent access control, tempest and other electronic protection devices. One must prioritize the operations of these systems so that essential functions are provided even when the facilities are affected by overt or covert hostile activities.

Bruckner, D.G.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Some Anisotropic Viscoelastic Green Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we compute the closed form expressions of elastody- namic Green functions for three different viscoelastic media with simple type of anisotropy. We follow Burridge et al. [Proc. Royal Soc. of London. 440(1910): (1993)] to express unknown Green function in terms of three scalar functions $\\phi_i$, by using the spectral decomposition of the Christoffel tensor associated with the medium. The problem of computing Green function is, thus reduced to the resolution of three scalar wave equations satisfied by $\\phi_i$, and subsequent equations with $\\phi_i$ as source terms. To describe viscosity effects, we choose an empirical power law model which becomes well known Voigt model for quadratic frequency losses.

Elie Bretin; Abdul Wahab

2011-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

345

Functional capability of piping systems  

SciTech Connect

General Design Criterion I of Appendix A to Part 50 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations requires, in part, that structures, systems, and components important to safety be designed to withstand the effects of earthquakes without a loss of capability to perform their safety function. ne function of a piping system is to convey fluids from one location to another. The functional capability of a piping system might be lost if, for example, the cross-sectional flow area of the pipe were deformed to such an extent that the required flow through the pipe would be restricted. The objective of this report is to examine the present rules in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, and potential changes to these rules, to determine if they are adequate for ensuring the functional capability of safety-related piping systems in nuclear power plants.

Terao, D.; Rodabaugh, E.C.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Risk View Software Functional Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report defines the functional requirements for a new Risk View software product to be developed as part of the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Operations and Maintenance Excellence (OMX) initiative. plant information sources.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

347

Methods for functional brain imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has demonstrated the potential for non-invasive mapping of structure and function (fMRI) in the human brain. In this thesis, we propose a series of methodological developments towards ...

Witzel, Thomas, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Project X functional requirements specification  

SciTech Connect

Project X is a multi-megawatt proton facility being developed to support intensity frontier research in elementary particle physics, with possible applications to nuclear physics and nuclear energy research, at Fermilab. A Functional Requirements Specification has been developed in order to establish performance criteria for the Project X complex in support of these multiple missions. This paper will describe the Functional Requirements for the Project X facility and the rationale for these requirements.

Holmes, S.D.; Henderson, S.D.; Kephart, R.; Kerby, J.; Mishra, S.; Nagaitsev, S.; Tschirhart, R.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Beta function and anomalous dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that it is possible to determine the coefficients of an all-orders beta-function linear in the anomalous dimensions using as data the 2-loop coefficients together with the first one of the anomalous dimensions which are universal. The beta function allows us to determine the anomalous dimension of the fermion masses at the infrared fixed point, and the resulting values compare well with the lattice determinations.

Pica, Claudio; Sannino, Francesco [CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Precision linear ramp function generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ramp function generator is provided which produces a precise linear ramp function which is repeatable and highly stable. A derivative feedback loop is used to stabilize the output of an integrator in the forward loop and control the ramp rate. The ramp may be started from a selected baseline voltage level and the desired ramp rate is selected by applying an appropriate constant voltage to the input of the integrator.

Jatko, W.B.; McNeilly, D.R.; Thacker, L.H.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Tunable Magnetotransport and Device Application through ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the fundamental physics and exploring novel functionalities for potential technological applications. In this work ... Hollow Fiber Solar Cells: Processing, Morphology, and Property Correlations ... Radiation Damage Tolerant Nanomaterials.

352

Microsoft PowerPoint - Heat Activated Plasmonics_Chen_Kevin ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of High-Temperature Sensor Platforms * Integration of Functional Metal Oxide Nano-Materials for Gas Sensing * Two fiber sensor platform techniques * Twelve journal...

353

Technology Commercialization and Partnerships | BSA 10-23 ...  

Basic Energy Sciences; Center for Functional Nanomaterials; ... TEM cross-section of the SSa precipitate embedded in the YBCO+Y248 matrix viewed along ...

354

Aging and functional brain networks  

SciTech Connect

Aging is associated with changes in human brain anatomy and function and cognitive decline. Recent studies suggest the aging decline of major functional connectivity hubs in the 'default-mode' network (DMN). Aging effects on other networks, however, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that aging would be associated with a decline of short- and long-range functional connectivity density (FCD) hubs in the DMN. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated resting-state data sets corresponding to 913 healthy subjects from a public magnetic resonance imaging database using functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM), a voxelwise and data-driven approach, together with parallel computing. Aging was associated with pronounced long-range FCD decreases in DMN and dorsal attention network (DAN) and with increases in somatosensory and subcortical networks. Aging effects in these networks were stronger for long-range than for short-range FCD and were also detected at the level of the main functional hubs. Females had higher short- and long-range FCD in DMN and lower FCD in the somatosensory network than males, but the gender by age interaction effects were not significant for any of the networks or hubs. These findings suggest that long-range connections may be more vulnerable to aging effects than short-range connections and that, in addition to the DMN, the DAN is also sensitive to aging effects, which could underlie the deterioration of attention processes that occurs with aging.

Tomasi D.; Tomasi, D.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

Computing with almost periodic functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper develops a method for discrete computational Fourier analysis of functions defined on quasicrystals and other almost periodic sets. A key point is to build the analysis around the emerging theory of quasicrystals and diffraction in the setting on local hulls and dynamical systems. Numerically computed approximations arising in this way are built out of the Fourier module of the quasicrystal in question, and approximate their target functions uniformly on the entire infinite space. The methods are entirely group theoretical, being based on finite groups and their duals, and they are practical and computable. Examples of functions based on the standard Fibonacci quasicrystal serve to illustrate the method (which is applicable to all quasicrystals modeled on the cut and project formalism).

R. V. Moody; M. Nesterenko; J. Patera

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

356

EVENT PLANNING USING FUNCTION ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

Event planning is expensive and resource intensive. Function analysis provides a solid foundation for comprehensive event planning (e.g., workshops, conferences, symposiums, or meetings). It has been used at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to successfully plan events and capture lessons learned, and played a significant role in the development and implementation of the INL Guide for Hosting an Event. Using a guide and a functional approach to planning utilizes resources more efficiently and reduces errors that could be distracting or detrimental to an event. This integrated approach to logistics and program planning with the primary focus on the participant gives us the edge.

Lori Braase; Jodi Grgich

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Framed Morse functions on surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let M be a smooth, compact, not necessarily orientable surface with (maybe empty) boundary, and let F be the space of Morse functions on M that are constant on each component of the boundary and have no critical points at the boundary. The notion of framing is defined for a Morse function f element of F. In the case of an orientable surface M this is a closed 1-form {alpha} on M with punctures at the critical points of local minimum and maximum of f such that in a neighbourhood of each critical point the pair (f,{alpha}) has a canonical form in a suitable local coordinate chart and the 2-form df and {alpha} does not vanish on M punctured at the critical points and defines there a positive orientation. Each Morse function on M is shown to have a framing, and the space F endowed with the C{sup {infinity}-}topology is homotopy equivalent to the space F of framed Morse functions. The results obtained make it possible to reduce the problem of describing the homotopy type of F to the simpler problem of finding the homotopy type of F. As a solution of the latter, an analogue of the parametric h-principle is stated for the space F. Bibliography: 41 titles.

Kudryavtseva, Elena A; Permyakov, Dmitrii A [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

358

Nonparametric comparison of regression functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we provide a new methodology for comparing regression functions m"1 and m"2 from two samples. Since apart from smoothness no other (parametric) assumptions are required, our approach is based on a comparison of nonparametric estimators ... Keywords: 60G10, 62G08, Maximin test, Nonparametric regression, Test of equality

Ramidha Srihera; Winfried Stute

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Nuclear Organization and Genome Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Organization and Genome Function Kevin Van Bortle and Victor G. Corces Department-range interactions and have proposed roles in nuclear organization. In this review, we explore recent findings for the roles of insulators in nuclear organization. 163 Annu.Rev.CellDev.Biol.2012.28:163-187.Downloadedfromwww

Corces, Victor G.

360

Human-Machine Function Allocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Human-machine function comparison...ability Comparatively slow and poor computers. Excellent and very rapid computers. Memory storage Poor short-term storage. Excellent long-term storage. Excellent short-term storage. Long-term storage very

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Graph coloring and related symmetric functions - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metric functions), pa (the power sum symmetric functions), s~ (the Schur functions ), ..... It is true for line graphs (a special class of claw-free graphs) by a result of.

362

Efficient Construction of (Distributed) Verifiable Random Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We give the first simple and efficient construction of verifiable random functions (VRFs). VRFs, introduced by Micali et al. [13], combine the properties of regular pseudorandom functions (PRFs) (i.e., indistinguishability from a random function) and ...

Yevgeniy Dodis

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Building a Universal Nuclear Energy Density Functional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building a Universal Nuclear Energy Density Functional Building a Universal Nuclear Energy Density Functional VaryMatrix.png Collaboration with mathematicians and computational...

364

A Note on the Consumption Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zeldes, S. (1989) Consumption and Liquidity Constraints:A Note on the Consumption Function Douglas G.Steigerwald Consumption Function The international

Steigerwald, Douglas G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

JGI - Undergraduate Research in Functional Genomics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Education Microbial Genome Analysis Microbial Functional Genomics Undergraduate Research in Microbial Functional Genomics Genomics not only can answer questions about known genes,...

366

Degenerating behavior of Green's function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let the unions of real intervals $I = \\cup_{j = 1}^l [a_{2 j -1},a_{2j}],$ $a_1 0.$ We show how to express asymptotically the Green's function $\\phi(z,\\infty,E \\cup I_n)$ of $E \\cup I_n$ at $z = \\infty$ in terms of the Green's function $\\phi(z,\\infty,E)$ and $\\phi(z,c_k,E).$ The formula yields immediately asymptotics for $\\phi^n(z,\\infty,E \\cup I_n)$ with respect to $n$ which are important in many problems of approximation theory. Another consequence is an asymptotic representation of $cap(E \\cup I_n)$ in terms of $cap(E)$ and $\\phi(z,c_k,E)$ and of the harmonic measure $\\omega(\\infty, E_j,E \\cup I_n).$

Peherstorfer, Franz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Testing model assumptions in functional regression models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the functional regression model where the responses are curves, new tests for the functional form of the regression and the variance function are proposed, which are based on a stochastic process estimating L^2-distances. Our approach avoids the explicit ... Keywords: 62G10, Functional data, Goodness-of-fit tests, Parametric bootstrap, Tests for heteroscedasticity

Axel Bcher; Holger Dette; Gabriele Wieczorek

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Note on the Griewank Test Function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze a widely employed test function for global optimization, the Griewank function. While this function has an exponentially increasing number of local minima as its dimension increases, it turns out that a simple Multistart algorithm ... Keywords: Griewank function, Multistart

M. Locatelli

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

FUNCTION GENERATOR FOR ANALOGUE COMPUTERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved analogue computer is designed which can be used to determine the final ground position of radioactive fallout particles in an atomic cloud. The computer determines the fallout pattern on the basis of known wind velocity and direction at various altitudes, and intensity of radioactivity in the mushroom cloud as a function of particle size and initial height in the cloud. The output is then displayed on a cathode-ray tube so that the average or total luminance of the tube screen at any point represents the intensity of radioactive fallout at the geographical location represented by that point. (AEC)

Skramstad, H.K.; Wright, J.H.; Taback, L.

1961-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

370

Controlled Structure of Organic-Nanomaterial Solar Cells - Energy ...  

Technology Marketing Summary Organic, polymer-based solar cellslightweight alternatives to conventional, silicon-based solar cellshave great potential for ...

371

Nanomaterials for Energy Applications and Carbon Related Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CE-SPS processing leads to a significant decrease in the electrical resistivity .... A detailed analysis of morphological evolution and electron/analytical...

372

Nanomaterials: Mechanics and Mechanisms (2008), by K.T. Ramesh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 10, 2010 ... At nanoscale, matters show distinctly different behaviors from their bulk materials, from mechanical properties to physical and chemical...

373

Nanomaterials: Innovation (R&T&I) Roadmaps - 2020 Keynote Lecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with regard to the aeronautics and car industry and chemical and petroleum industries. ... Polysulfone /Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Nanocomposites.

374

Defective Carbon Nanomaterials as the Cathodes for High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defective carbon nanotubes used as the cathodes for lithium batteries show capacitance of ~580 F/g, which can store lithium ions up to an energy density of...

375

B15: Microwave Sintering of Carbide and Oxide Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

B7: Synthesis and Electrical Properties of K2NiF4-Type (Ca2-xLnx)MnO4 (Ln=Nd and Sm) B8: Monitoring Oxygen Diffusion in Gd-Doped Ceria by Null...

376

bylaws of the nanomaterials committee of the minerals, metals, and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

COMMITTEE is open to all classes of materials and modes of investigation ... CHAIR shall conduct COMMITTEE meetings, nominate member and officer...

377

Controlled Structure of Organic-Nanomaterial Solar Cells  

By controlling the molecular shape, structure, and pattern of the materials in organic, polymer-based solar cells, Alex Zettl and Jeffrey Grossman of Berkeley Lab ...

378

Nanomaterials on Fiber Optic Sensors in Healthcare and Industry ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fiber optic sensors have several advantages over conventional electrical counterparts: 1) immunity to electromagnetic interference; 2)Lightweight; 3) Small

379

Micro Chemical Vapor Deposition for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

delivery," Current Opinion in Chemical Biology, vol. 9, pp.Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, pp.Park and R. S. Ruoff, "Chemical methods for the production

Zhou, Qin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Carbon cryogel based nanomaterials for efficient energy storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As demand for fossil fuel alternatives intensifies, energy storage will be a growing concern especially for portable power needs such as automobiles and portable electronic (more)

Feaver, Aaron

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Applications Enhanced by Nanomaterials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Increased energy density in Li ion batteries and supercapacitors using carbon nanotubes 2) Efficiency: Reduced friction using nanolubricants between moving

382

Constitutive modeling of densification of nano-materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ultrafine grained ceramic components, which are normally obtained by sintering nano-sized powder, possess excellent mechanical properties. Homogeneous submicron and nano-scaled micro structure have been formed (more)

Xue, Feng.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Synthesis of Carbon Nanomaterials via Up-Cycling Several Solid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing III.

384

Nanomaterials for the detection of cancer-associated biomarkers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prostate cancer persists as a major public health issue in the United States and remains the second leading cause of cancer death in men. Early detection and disease monitoring in prostate cancer can significantly improve ...

Mu, Chunyao Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

High performance ultracapacitors with carbon nanomaterials and ionic liquids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to the use of carbon nanotubes and/or electrolyte structures in various electrochemical devices, such as ultracapacitors having an ionic liquid electrolyte. The carbon nanotubes are preferably aligned carbon nanotubes. Compared to randomly entangled carbon nanotubes, aligned carbon nanotubes can have better defined pore structures and higher specific surface areas.

Lu, Wen; Henry, Kent Douglas

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

386

Nanomaterials General I: Electronic, Photonic, and Bio-Nano ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013... patent-pending nanomembrane lasers on Si for Si photonics, Fano resonance photonic crystal membrane reflectors and filters, flexible solar...

387

Nanomaterial Exposure A d M Assessment and Management ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 20. Purpose of the Assessment BASIC AEROSOL CHARACTERIZATION ... counting - Aerodynamic - Thermodynamic - Electrical mobility ...

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

388

Nanomaterials, Nanotechniques and Thin Films - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 2, 2011 ... In 2009, the North American production of ethanol from corn was about 38 billion liters, which generated approximately 31.5 million tons of...

389

Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials I - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... We recently suggested the existence of a window of endurance for ... of the positively charged yttrium ions attachment at the ZnO growth front.

390

MECHANICAL PROPERTY CHARACTERIZATION OF SOL-GEL DERIVED NANOMATERIALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mechanical behavior of polysilicate aerogels, prepared using the sol-gel process. Two series of materials were prepared, derivatized with silylating agents, processed into coating solutions, and characterized properties of aerogel thin films were characterized. vi #12;Table of Contents Abstract

Brinker, C. Jeffrey

391

Flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes and metallic nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes are a remarkable material with many appealing properties. Despite the appeal of this material, there are few synthesis techniques capable of producing nanotubes in large quantities at low-cost. The broad ...

Height, Murray John, 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

White Paper for TIP Critical National Needs Nanomaterials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... water, air pollution, hydrogen storage, biosensors ... Infrastructure Needs for HVM Carbon Based ... Photovoltaics, Sensors, Fuel Cells, Batteries, Devices ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

Commercialization of NanoMaterials 2006: Keynote: The National ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 19, 2006 ... customers in technology, energy, healthcare and industrial markets ... The interactive and integrated nature of nanotechnology is leading to the creation of new value ... As American jobs move offshore, the interest mounts.

394

Micro Chemical Vapor Deposition for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution when the heat conduction through 1-?m-thick gasdistribution when heat conduction through the 1-?m-thick gaslarge area and the heat conduction through the gases is

Zhou, Qin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Cooperative nanomaterials systems for cancer diagnosis and therapeutics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensitive DOX liposomes (NSLs) were prepared from HSPC,an aliquot of GNRs, TSMs, NSLs, or TSLs dispersed in waterHydrodynamic size of GNRs, TSMs, NSLs, and TSLs was obtained

Park, Ji Ho

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Experiment Hazard Class 14.3 - Nanomaterials - Dispersible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

protection may be required as determined in a review of the activity. Gloves must be plastic or rubber, selected to also protect against any solvent used and long enough to...

397

Quantum dot-based nanomaterials for biological imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum dot-based fluorescent probes were synthesized and applied to biological imaging in two distinct size regimes: (1) 100-1000 nm and (2) < 10 nm in diameter. The larger diameter range was accessed by doping CdSe/ZnS ...

Zimmer, John P. (John Philip)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mixed-Conducting Nanomaterials for Application in High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... plants and future Integrated Combined Cycle Gasification (IGCC) systems. ... Modeling and Optimizing the Thermal Stress Distribution in a Plasma Spray...

399

High performance batteries with carbon nanomaterials and ionic liquids  

SciTech Connect

The present invention is directed to lithium-ion batteries in general and more particularly to lithium-ion batteries based on aligned graphene ribbon anodes, V.sub.2O.sub.5 graphene ribbon composite cathodes, and ionic liquid electrolytes. The lithium-ion batteries have excellent performance metrics of cell voltages, energy densities, and power densities.

Lu, Wen (Littleton, CO)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Harnessing Bulk Nano-Materials for High Pressure High Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, International Symposium on Advances in Nanostructured Materials and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fatigue and Fracture of Thin Films and Nanomaterials Poster Session  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013... Wole Soboyejo1; 1Princeton University; 2the City University of Hong Kong; ... These samples were strained in-situ under an atomic force...

402

Computational Nano-Materials Design for Spinodal Nanotechnology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Express 3, (2010) 101201.(3). Nguyen Dang Vu, et al., Appl. Phys. Express, 4, ( 2011) 015203.(4). M. Oshitani, et al., Appl. Phys. Express, 4, (2011) 022302.(5).

403

D24: Energy Processes and Nanomaterials: Interfacial Synergy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A18: Effect of Local Alendronate Delivery on In Vivo Osteogenesis From PCL ... A7: On-the-fly System Design for High Precision/Ultra Fast/Wide Area Fabrication .... C19: Dissolution Behavior of Cu Under Bump Metallization in Ball Grid Array ... High Volume and Fast Turnaround Automated Inline TEM Sample Preparation.

404

Functions and fixed types: Biological and other functions in the post-adaptationist era  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among naturalistic theories of biological functions, only those that do not reduce functions to actual causal roles allow for a distinction of function and dysfunction. Most prominent among those theories are etiological theories of function, which refer ... Keywords: Adaptationism, Millikan, dysfunction, function, naturalization of norms, type fixation

Ulrich Krohs

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Property:Distributed Generation Function | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distributed Generation Function Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Distributed Generation Function Property Type Page Description A description of the function(s) for which...

406

Examples of Extended Empirical Orthogonal Function Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extended empirical orthogonal function analysis technique is described which expands a data set in terms of functions which are the best representation of that data set for a sequence of time points. The method takes advantage of the fact ...

Bryan C. Weare; John S. Nasstrom

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Computabilities of Fine-Continuous Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a sequential-based definition of locally uniformly Fine-computable functions together with a definition of effective locally uniform convergence. This definition of computability makes some discontinuous functions, which may diverge, computable. ...

Takakazu Mori

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Function points as a universal software metric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Function point metrics are the most accurate and effective metrics yet developed for software sizing and also for studying software productivity, quality, costs, risks, and economic value. Unlike the older "lines of code" metric function points can be ...

Capers Jones

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Functions and Requirements for the Transition Project  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the functional requirement baseline for the Transition of 100 K Area Facilities Project (Transition Project). This baseline information consists of top-level functions, requirements, concept description, interface description, issues, and enabling assumptions.

YANOCHKO, R.M.

2000-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

410

Contacts for Administrative Functions | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functions CIO Leadership Organization Contact Us Acquisition Administration Cyber Security E-Gov Enterprise Architecture Geospatial Science Program Information...

411

Parton Distribution Functions: Impact of HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent progresses of the proton structure measurements and determination of parton distribution functions by $ep$ collisions at HERA are introduced.

Kunihiro Nagano; for the H1; ZEUS Collaborations

2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

412

Chemically-Functionalized Microcantilevers for Detection of ...  

Chemically-Functionalized Microcantilevers for Detection of Chemical, Biological, and Explosive Material Note: The technology described above is an ...

413

Transfer function identification in power system applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an introduction to concepts and applications of transfer function identification in power systems. The paper begins with a brief introduction to transfer function identification methods using least-squares approaches and then discusses applications which include SVC's, model validation applications, and software validation. A comparison is also made between eigenvalues obtained from transfer function identification and small signal analysis. Methods for testing the validity of identified transfer functions are also discussed.

Smith, J.R.; Fatehi, F.; Woods, C.S. (Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)); Hauer, J.F. (Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)); Trudnowski, D.J. (Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Exploring Nature's Strategies for Creating Functional Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hierarchically Ordered Nanostructures from Functionalized Nano Building Blocks Ice-templated Biomaterials Ice-templated Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration.

415

Patterning Nano-Domains with Orthogonal Functionalities ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Patterning Nano-Domains with Orthogonal Functionalities: Solventless Synthesis of Self-Sorting Surfaces Karen ...

2013-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

416

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Nuclear spin functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane Symmetry Operations. 9. Symmetry Properties of Laboratory-Fixed Nuclear Spin Functions, Nuclear Spin Statistics, and Parities. ...

417

Worldline Green Functions for Arbitrary Feynman Diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a general method to obtain the scalar worldline Green function on an arbitrary 1D topological space, with which the first-quantized method of evaluating 1-loop Feynman diagrams can be generalized to calculate arbitrary ones. The electric analog of the worldline Green function problem is found and a compact expression for the worldline Green function is given, which has similar structure to the 2D bosonic Green function of the closed bosonic string.

Peng Dai; Warren Siegel

2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

418

Dictionary of PVT Subroutines and Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dictionary of PVT Subroutines and Functions. All PVT documentation can be found under PHIGS Validation Tests - Overview. ...

419

Polarized structure functions in nuclear matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive analysis of the structure functions for the polarized nuclei {sup 3}He, and focus on the polarized distribution functions and light-cone momentum distributions of protons and neutrons. We demonstrate that the first moment of the {sup 3}He structure function can provide an incisive test of the Bjorken sum rule.

Tehrani, S. Atashbar [School of Particles and Accelerators, IPM (Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khorramian, A. N.; Monfared, S. Taheri [School of Particles and Accelerators, IPM (Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Physics Department, Semnan University, Semnan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Arbabifar, F. [Physics Department, Semnan University, Semnan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

420

Towards a standard taxonomy of artifact functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to provide a logically accurate and technologically sound taxonomy of artifact functions. To this end, I review one of the recent proposals of such taxonomy: the Reconciled Functional Basis. Since it turns out that this taxonomy ... Keywords: Taxonomy, artifact, function, ontology, state of affairs

Pawe? Garbacz

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Generalized multiscale radial basis function networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel modelling framework is proposed for constructing parsimonious and flexible multiscale radial basis function networks (RBF). Unlike a conventional standard single scale RBF network, where all the basis functions have a common kernel width, the ... Keywords: Model term selection, Neural networks, Nonlinear system identification, Orthogonal least squares, Radial basis functions

Stephen A. Billings; Hua-Liang Wei; Michael A. Balikhin

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Mission and Functions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mission and Functions Mission and Functions Mission and Functions Office of Technology Mission and Functions Mission The Office of Technology manages the Technology Deployment and Technology Development programs to improve the security posture of the Department of Energy and the protection of its assets and facilities through the deployment of new safeguards and security technologies and development of advanced technologies that reduce operating costs, save protective force lives, and improve security effectiveness. Functions Conducts security system testing and analyses of safeguards and security technology and related equipment and techniques associated with programmatic mission requirements for deployment at field and Headquarters sites. Assembles, leads, and manages teams of subject-matter experts to review,

423

TOF Profile function used at POWGEN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TOF Profile function used at POWGEN: TOF Profile function used at POWGEN: Powgen uses a TOF profile function which is a variation on the standard profile function originally derived by VonDreele, Jorgensen and Windsor (VonDreele RB, Jorgensen JD and Windsor CG, "Rietveld Refinement with Spallation Neutron Powder Diffraction Data", J. Appl. Cryst. 15, 581 (1982). This function is implemented in GSAS (profile function 3, 4 & 5) and Fullprof NPROF 9 and is most applicable to diffractometers viewing ambient polyethylene or water moderators. The POWGEN diffractometer, however, views a poisoned cryogenic H 2 (liquid) moderator. The variation in peak shape and peak position with TOF (or d-spacing d) is calculated using a more complex function related to thermal and epithermal components of the neutron spectrum that was

424

Algebraic Pseudorandom Functions with Improved Efficiency from the Augmented Cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Function (VRF) and a large-domain simulatable VRF. 1 Introduction Pseudorandom functions (PRFs), first

Boneh, Dan

425

Variational Formulas for the Green Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Green function has a complex dependence upon its underlying domain and differential operator. We briefly review Hadamard's formula for the first variation of the Green function due to a perturbation of the domain. We then take a different avenue and approximate the change in the Green function when the Laplacian is perturbed into a number of different operators: Helmholtz, Schr\\"odinger and Laplace--Beltrami.

Charles Z. Martin

2011-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

426

Office of Security Operations: Mission and Functions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mission and Functions Mission and Functions Mission The Office of Headquarters Security Operations strengthens national security by protecting personnel, facilities, property, classified information, and sensitive unclassified information for DOE Headquarters facilities in the National Capital Area under normal and abnormal (i.e., emergency) conditions; managing access authorization functions; ensuring that executives and dignitaries are fully protected, and supporting efforts to ensure the continuity of government in all circumstances as mandated by Presidential Decision Directive. The Office is the database owner for the principal personnel security information processing activities of the Department and personnel security administrative review process. Functions

427

Some challenges for Nuclear Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss some of the challenges that the DFT community faces in its quest for the truly universal energy density functional applicable over the entire nuclear chart.

T. Duguet; K. Bennaceur; T. Lesinski; J. Meyer

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

428

Methods for streamlining expensive function calls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The focus of this thesis has been developing and validating new methods of streamlining expensive function calls. These new methods of streamlining are applied to (more)

Taylor, Benjamin Jeppson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles for Rapid, Ultra- sensitive ...  

and Ocean Optics) Patent Baohua Gu. Functionalized Gold Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Substrate for Rapid and Ultra-Sensitive Detection of Anionic Species

430

Elliptic Functions - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 27, 2004 ... Klein on the younger generation ... generation scarcely even knows what an elliptic function is. ...... symmetric power method still works for this.

431

BSA 07-30: Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes  

BSA 07-30: Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes. BNL Reference Number: BSA 07-30. Patent Status: Application Number 20090308753 was published on December ...

432

Nuclear Parton Densities and Structure Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs), using the constituent quark model. We find the bounded valon distributions in a nuclear to be related to free valon distributions in a nucleon. By using improved bounded valon distributions for a nuclear with atomic number $A$ and the partonic structure functions inside the valon, we can calculate the nuclear structure function in $x$ space. The results for nuclear structure-function ratio $F_2^A/F_2^D$ at some values of $A$ are in good agreement with the experimental data.

S. Atashbar Tehrani; Ali N. Khorramian; A. Mirjalili

2004-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

433

Functional Surfaces and Interfaces and New Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Functional Composites: Fluorescent Carbon Nanotubes in Silica Aerogel ... Novel Metallo-Organic Derived Ti-Si-Cr-C-N Nanocomposite Coatings: Part II...

434

Chromatin Dynamics in Cellular Function - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure and Function of Protein Modules in Chromatin Biology Kyoko L. Yap,; Ming-Ming Zhou show all 2 hide. Download PDF (597KB). Book Chapter.

435

Observational Window Functions in Planet Transit Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Window functions describe, as a function of orbital period, the probability that an existing planetary transit is detectable in one's data for a given observing strategy. We show the dependence of this probability upon several strategy and astrophysical parameters, such as length of observing run, observing cadence, length of night, and transit duration. The ability to detect a transit is directly related to the intrinsic noise of the observations. In our simulations of the window function, we explicitly address non-correlated (gaussian or white) noise and correlated (red) noise and discuss how these two different noise components affect window functions in different manners.

Kaspar von Braun; David R. Ciardi

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

436

ORBIT: OPTIMIZATION BY RADIAL BASIS FUNCTION ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance profile ?s(?) is a probability distribution function capturing ..... assess the impact of changes in management practices on phosphorous loads.

437

Analyzing Metagenomic Data: Inferring Microbial Community Function...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metagenomic Data: Inferring Microbial Community Function with MG-RAST Publication Type Book Chapter Year of Publication 2010 Authors Antonopoulos, DA, Glass, EM, Meyer, F Book...

438

Interfaces in Nanostructured Functional Oxide Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thin film systems include high temperature superconductors (HTS), thin film solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), and other functional oxide systems. Detailed...

439

Gas characterization system functional design criteria  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the functional design criteria for the gas characterization systems being placed on selected flammable gas watch-list tanks in support of the hydrogen mitigation tests.

Straalsund, E.K.

1995-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

440

A mass-dependent beta-function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threshold effects related to fermion masses are considered for an all-order beta-function based on a background field momentum subtraction scheme. Far away from all thresholds, the suggested beta-function reduces to the conjectured all-order form inspired by the Novikov-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zakharov beta-function of N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories with a fixed integer number of fermion flavours. At (formally) infinite masses the corresponding pure Yang--Mills beta-function is recovered. We discuss applications to the phase diagram of non-Abelian field theories.

Dietrich, Dennis D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

N d'Ordre: D.U. 2040 UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as first wall materials, and materials that have applications as both nuclear fuels and waste form. Dr Structural Materials 40 5.5 Multiscale Materials Modelling 48 5.6 Nanomaterials and Nanoengineering 52 6 materials, polymer composites, functional polymers, nanocharacterisation, nanomaterials and nanorobotics. We

442

Environment, Pollution and Human Health Theme Action Plan 3 1. VISION AND SCOPE OF THE THEME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as first wall materials, and materials that have applications as both nuclear fuels and waste form. Dr Structural Materials 40 5.5 Multiscale Materials Modelling 48 5.6 Nanomaterials and Nanoengineering 52 6 materials, polymer composites, functional polymers, nanocharacterisation, nanomaterials and nanorobotics. We

Edinburgh, University of

443

Report of the Alternative Sustainable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as first wall materials, and materials that have applications as both nuclear fuels and waste form. Dr Structural Materials 40 5.5 Multiscale Materials Modelling 48 5.6 Nanomaterials and Nanoengineering 52 6 materials, polymer composites, functional polymers, nanocharacterisation, nanomaterials and nanorobotics. We

Maoz, Shahar

444

Grey-box radial basis function modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental principle in data modelling is to incorporate available a priori information regarding the underlying data generating mechanism into the modelling process. We adopt this principle and consider grey-box radial basis function (RBF) modelling ... Keywords: Black-box model, Boundary value constraint, Data modelling, Grey-box model, Orthogonal least squares algorithm, Radial basis function network, Symmetry

Sheng Chen; Xia Hong; Chris J. Harris

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Exploring the HR Function at Maersk Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring the HR Function at Maersk Oil An Interview with: Stina Bjerg Nielsen Senior Vice President, Human Resources Maersk Oil Interviewed by: Alison Hill Queen's University IRC A QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY IRC INTERVIEW #12;Exploring the HR Function at Maersk Oil An Interview with: Stina Bjerg Nielsen

Graham, Nick

446

PERSPECTIVE Directed Evolution of Novel Protein Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERSPECTIVE Directed Evolution of Novel Protein Functions Huimin Zhao1,2 1 Department of Chemical.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/bit.21455 ABSTRACT: Directed evolution has been successfully used to engineer proteins for basic and applied biological research. However, engineering of novel protein functions by directed

Zhao, Huimin

447

Exposing and understanding scrolling transfer functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scrolling is controlled through many forms of input devices, such as mouse wheels, trackpad gestures, arrow keys, and joysticks. Performance with these devices can be adjusted by introducing variable transfer functions to alter the range of expressible ... Keywords: control-display gain, scroll acceleration, scrolling, transfer functions

Philip Quinn; Andy Cockburn; Gry Casiez; Nicolas Roussel; Carl Gutwin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Robust key extraction from physical uncloneable functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Physical Uncloneable Functions (PUFs) can be used as a cost-effective means to store key material in an uncloneable way. Due to the fact that the key material is obtained by performing measurements on a physical system, noise is inevitably present in ... Keywords: authentication, challenge-response pair, error correction, noise, physical uncloneable function, speckle pattern

B. kori?; P. Tuyls; W. Ophey

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Year 2 Report: Protein Function Prediction Platform  

SciTech Connect

Upon completion of our second year of development in a 3-year development cycle, we have completed a prototype protein structure-function annotation and function prediction system: Protein Function Prediction (PFP) platform (v.0.5). We have met our milestones for Years 1 and 2 and are positioned to continue development in completion of our original statement of work, or a reasonable modification thereof, in service to DTRA Programs involved in diagnostics and medical countermeasures research and development. The PFP platform is a multi-scale computational modeling system for protein structure-function annotation and function prediction. As of this writing, PFP is the only existing fully automated, high-throughput, multi-scale modeling, whole-proteome annotation platform, and represents a significant advance in the field of genome annotation (Fig. 1). PFP modules perform protein functional annotations at the sequence, systems biology, protein structure, and atomistic levels of biological complexity (Fig. 2). Because these approaches provide orthogonal means of characterizing proteins and suggesting protein function, PFP processing maximizes the protein functional information that can currently be gained by computational means. Comprehensive annotation of pathogen genomes is essential for bio-defense applications in pathogen characterization, threat assessment, and medical countermeasure design and development in that it can short-cut the time and effort required to select and characterize protein biomarkers.

Zhou, C E

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

450

Function Annotation for Pseudoknot Using Structure Similarity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many raw biological sequence data have been generated by the human genome project and related efforts. The understanding of structural information encoded by biological sequences is important to acquire knowledge of their biochemical functions but remains ... Keywords: Pseudoknot, function, stem, loop, similarity, distance, structure.

Qingfeng Chen; Yi-Ping Phoebe Chen

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The recursive Green's function method for graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe how to apply the recursive Green's function method to the computation of electronic transport properties of graphene sheets and nanoribbons in the linear response regime. This method allows for an amenable inclusion of several disorder mechanisms ... Keywords: Electronic transport, Graphene nanoribbons, Recursive Green's function method

Caio H. Lewenkopf, Eduardo R. Mucciolo

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Global illumination with radiance regression functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present radiance regression functions for fast rendering of global illumination in scenes with dynamic local light sources. A radiance regression function (RRF) represents a non-linear mapping from local and contextual attributes of surface points, ... Keywords: global illumination, neural network, non-linear regression, real time rendering

Peiran Ren; Jiaping Wang; Minmin Gong; Stephen Lin; Xin Tong; Baining Guo

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Metropolitan functional specialization, transportation, and gasoline consumption  

SciTech Connect

This study examines metropolitan functional specialization relative to urban commuting patterns and per capita gasoline consumption in 55 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas throughout the United States. Under the concept of sustenance organization in human ecology, social scientists have documented support for the importance of the key urban economic function for composition and distribution of population and firms in cities. However, sociological and ecological knowledge of the relationships of functional specialization, commuting, and transportation energy use is extremely limited. The present research utilizes the concept of function specialization and the framework of the ecological complex in developing relationships and models of personal daily urban travel patterns and gasoline use. The effort is made to examine human ecological factors in a physical approach to energy consumption. Relationships are tested using correlation matrices, regression analyses, and scatterplots where necessary. The findings indicate that the functional specialization of communities is significant in accounting for variance and patterns in their commuting travel and per capita gasoline consumption.

Hoffman, W.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Elastodynamic Green's functions for a laminated piezoelectric cylinder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acceptable precision of the Greens functions depicting theexorbitantly large. Thus, Greens functions in these formsdimensional elastodynamic Greens functions, ASCE Journal

Bai, H; Taciroglu, E; Dong, S B; Shah, A H

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Green's function analysis of periodic structures in computational electromagnetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the two-dimensional periodic Green's function," IEEE Trans.evaluation of the Green's function for the Helmholtzrepresentations of certain Green's functions," J. Comp.

Van Orden, Derek

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Emergency Support Function #12; Energy Annex - Support Agencies...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Support Function 12; Energy Annex - Support Agencies Emergency Support Function 12; Energy Annex - Support Agencies Emergency Support Function 12 - Energy Annex -...

457

The Substellar Mass Function: A Bayesian Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report our efforts to constrain the form of the low-mass star and brown dwarf mass function via Bayesian inference. Recent surveys of M, L, and T dwarfs in the local solar neighborhood are an essential component of our study. Uncertainties in the age distribution of local field stars make reliable inference complicated. We adopt a wide range of plausible assumptions about the rate of galactic star formation and show that their deviations from a uniform rate produce little effect on the resulting luminosity function for a given mass function. We use a Bayesian statistical formalism to evaluate the probability of commonly used mass functions in light of recent discoveries. We consider three functional forms of the mass function, include a two-segment power law, a single power law with a low-mass cutoff, and a log-normal distribution. Our results show that, at a 60% confidence level, the power-law index, $\\alpha$, for the low-mass arm of a two-segment power law has a value between -0.5 and 0.5 for objects with masses between $0.04 M_{\\odot}$ and $0.10 M_{\\odot}$. The best-fit index is $\\alpha = 0.3\\pm0.6$ at the 60% confidence level for a single-segment mass function. Current data require this function extend to at least $0.05 M_{\\odot}$ with no restrictions placed on a lower mass cutoff. Inferences of the parameter values for a log-normal mass function are virtually unaffected by recent estimates of the local space density of L and T dwarfs. We find no preference among these three forms using this method. We discuss current and future capabilities that may eventually discriminate between mass-function models and refine estimates of their associated parameter values.

P. R. Allen; D. W. Koerner; I. N. Reid; D. E. Trilling

2005-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

Subsystem functionals and the missing ingredient of confinement physics in density functionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subsystem functional scheme is a promising approach recently proposed for constructing exchange-correlation density functionals. In this scheme, the physics in each part of real materials is described by mapping to a ...

Hao, Feng

459

A new function algebra of EXPTIME functions by safe nested recursion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bellantoni and Cook have given a function-algebra characterization of the polynomial-time computable functions via an unbounded recursion scheme which is called safe recursion. Inspired by their work, we characterize the exponential-time computable functions ... Keywords: EXPTIME, Implicit computational complexity

Toshiyasu Arai; Naohi Eguchi

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

An algorithm for the estimation of a regression function by continuous piecewise linear functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of the estimation of a regression function by continuous piecewise linear functions is formulated as a nonconvex, nonsmooth optimization problem. Estimates are defined by minimization of the empirical L 2 risk over a ... Keywords: Nonparametric regression, Nonsmooth optimization, Semismooth functions, Subdifferential

Adil Bagirov; Conny Clausen; Michael Kohler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Functional Materials for Energy | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Fuel Cells Thermoelectrics Separations Materials Catalysis Sensor Materials Polymers and Composites Carbon Fiber Related Research Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Functional Materials for Energy SHARE Functional Materials for Energy The concept of functional materials for energy occupies a very prominent position in ORNL's research and more broadly the scientific research sponsored by DOE's Basic Energy Sciences. These materials facilitate the capture and transformation of energy, the storage of energy or the efficient release and utilization of stored energy. A different kind of

462

Instabilities in the Nuclear Energy Density Functional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the field of Energy Density Functionals (EDF) used in nuclear structure and dynamics, one of the unsolved issues is the stability of the functional. Numerical issues aside, some EDFs are unstable with respect to particular perturbations of the nuclear ground-state density. The aim of this contribution is to raise questions about the origin and nature of these instabilities, the techniques used to diagnose and prevent them, and the domain of density functions in which one should expect a nuclear EDF to be stable.

M. Kortelainen; T. Lesinski

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

463

Reliability and Functional Availability of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a model to calculate the reliability and availability of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. The reliability is expressed in the terms of reliability, maintainability and decision capability. These terms are a function of the mean time between failure, mean time to repair and decision time. The availability is expressed as an operational and functional availability of the systems. These terms are a function of both the technical and human characteristics to maintain the systems in correct operational state. The result is based on a large amount data from operational organisations, the compulsory inspection of ventilation systems and momentary and continuous measurements made in HVAC-systems.

Myrefelt, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Green Functions of Relativistic Field Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we restudy the Green function expressions of field equations. We derive the explicit form of the Green functions for the Klein-Gordon equation and Dirac equation, and then estimate the decay rate of the solution to the linear equations. The main motivation of this paper is to show that: (1). The formal solutions of field equations expressed by Green function can be elevated as a postulate for unified field theory. (2). The inescapable decay of the solution of linear equations implies that the whole theory of the matter world should include nonlinear interaction.

Ying-Qiu Gu

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

465

Direct Laser Synthesis of Functional Coatings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct laser synthesis of functional coatings employs the irradiation of materials with short intensive laser pulses in a reactive atmosphere. The material is heated and plasma is ignited in the reactive atmosphere. This leads to an intensive interaction of the material with the reactive species and a coating is directly formed on the materials surface. By that functional coatings can be easily produced a fast way on steel, aluminium, and silicon by irradiation in nitrogen, methane, or even hydrogen. The influence of the processing parameters to the properties of the functional coatings will be presented for titanium nitride coating produced on titanium with the free electron laser.

P. Schaaf; Michelle D. Shinn; E. Carpene; J. Kaspar

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Lowner's Operator and Spectral Functions in Euclidean Jordan ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 26, 2004 ... Lowner's Operator and Spectral Functions in Euclidean Jordan Algebras ... functions under the framework of Euclidean Jordan algebras.

467

Velocity Probability Density Functions for Oceanic Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probability density functions (PDFs) of daily velocities from subsurface floats deployed in the North Atlantic and equatorial Atlantic Oceans are examined. In general, the PDFs are approximately Gaussian for small velocities, but with significant ...

Annalisa Bracco; J. H. LaCasce; Antonello Provenzale

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

A General Framework for Convective Trigger Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A general framework for the trigger function used in convective parameterization routines in mesoscale models is proposed. The framework is based on the diagnosis of the accessibility of potential buoyant energy. Specifically, the trigger ...

Robert F. Rogers; J. M. Fritsch

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Chemical vapor deposition of functionalized isobenzofuran polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a platform for deposition of polymer thin films that can be further tailored by chemical surface modification. First, we explore chemical vapor deposition of functionalized isobenzofuran films using ...

Olsson, Ylva Kristina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

On single nucleon wave functions in nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The strong and singular interaction between nucleons, makes the nuclear many body theory very complicated. Still, nuclei exhibit simple and regular features which are simply described by the shell model. Wave functions of individual nucleons may be considered just as model wave functions which bear little resemblance to the real ones. There is, however, experimental evidence for the reality of single nucleon wave functions. There is a simple method of constructing such wave functions for valence nucleons. It is shown that this method can be improved by considering the polarization of the core by the valence nucleon. This gives rise to some rearrangement energy which affects the single valence nucleon energy within the nucleus.

Talmi, Igal [Weizamnn Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

471

Water Volume as Function of Temperature (Cold)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Volume as Function of Temperature (Cold) Name: Hank Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: At normal atmospheric pressure, and...

472

VEGETABLE LIPIDS AS COMPONENTS OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nutritionally beneficial compounds naturally present in vegetable lipids will be subject of this minireview. This article will discuss lipidic compounds from less known vegetable sources and potential advantages of its incorporation into human diet as a functional ingredient.

M. Stuchlk; S. k; Milan Stuchlk; Stanislav k

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Omega-3 Oils: Applications in Functional Foods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New applications of omega-3 fatty acids from both plant and marine sources in food supplements and pharmaceuticals. Omega-3 Oils: Applications in Functional Foods Health acid analysis aocs april articles chloropropanediol contaminants detergents dietary

474

Computing covers for embedded functional dependencies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the problem of computing covers for the functional dependencies embedded in a subset of a given relation schema. We show how this problem can be simplified and present a new and efficient algorithm Reduction. By Resolution ...

G. Gottlob

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Computing proximal points of nonconvex functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search direction used in an inexact proximal point algorithm is an .... term is a convex function on an open neighbourhood V of x; see [35, Thm. 10.33, p. ...... (3c

476

Functionalization and applications of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) possess a unique set of electrical and mechanical properties and have been used in a variety of applications. In this thesis, we explore strategies to functionalize CNTs as well as applications which ...

Schnorr, Jan M. (Jan Markus)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Dipole rescattering and the nuclear structure function  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the framework of the dipole model, we study the effects of the dipole multiple scatterings in a nuclear target and compute the nuclear structure function. We compare different unitarization schemes and confront our results with the E665 data.

Carvalho, F. [Depto de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Goncalves, V. P. [Instituto de Fisica e Matematica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Caixa Postal 354, CEP 96010-900, Pelotas, RS (Brazil); Navarra, F. S.; Oliveira, E. G. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

478

Effects as functions on projective Hilbert space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The set of effect operators in a complex Hilbert space can be injectively embedded into the set of functions from the set of one-dimensional projections to the real interval [0,1]. Properties of this injection are investigated.

P. Busch; S. P. Gudder

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

479

Deductive Hardware Design: A Functional Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of deductive design is the systematic construction of a system implementation starting from its behavioural specification according to formal, provably correct rules. We use Haskell to formulate a functional model of directional, synchronous ...

Bernhard Mller

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

A Functional Simulator of Spacecraft Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SPAcecraft SIMulator (SPASIM) simulates the functions and resources of a spacecraft to quickly perform Phase A trade-off analyses and uncover any operational bottlenecks during any part of the mission. Failure modes and operational contingencies ...

Liceaga Carlos A.; Troutman Patrick A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "functional nanomaterials cfn" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Green's Function Approach to Inclusive Electron Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Green's function approach to the inclusive quasielastic ($e,e'$) scattering is presented. The components of the nuclear response are written in terms of the single-particle optical model Green's function. The explicit calculation of the Green's function can be avoided by its spectral representation, which is based on a biorthogonal expansion in terms of the eigenfunctions of the non-Hermitian optical potential and of its Hermitian conjugate. This allows one to treat final state interactions consistently in the inclusive ($e,e'$) and in the exclusive ($e,e'N$) reactions. Numerical results for the longitudinal and transverse response functions obtained in a nonrelativistic and in a relativistic framework are presented and discussed also in comparison with data.

F. Capuzzi; C. Giusti; A. Meucci; F. D. Pacati

2003-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

482

Parabolic cylinder functions implemented in Matlab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routines for computation of Weber's parabolic cylinder functions and their derivatives are implemented in Matlab for both moderate and great values of the argument. Standard, real solutions are considered. Tables of values are included.

E. Cojocaru

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients is written to serve as a reference for food product developers, food technologists, nutritionists, plant breeders, academic and government professionals, college graduates, and anyone who is interested in learni

484

Functional quantum biology in photosynthesis and magnetoreception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is there a functional role for quantum mechanics or coherent quantum effects in biological processes? While this question is as old as quantum theory, only recently have measurements on biological systems on ultra-fast time-scales shed light on a possible answer. In this review we give an overview of the two main candidates for biological systems which may harness such functional quantum effects: photosynthesis and magnetoreception. We discuss some of the latest evidence both for and against room temperature quantum coherence, and consider whether there is truly a functional role for coherence in these biological mechanisms. Finally, we give a brief overview of some more speculative examples of functional quantum biology including the sense of smell, long-range quantum tunneling in proteins, biological photoreceptors, and the flow of ions across a cell membrane.

Lambert, Neill; Cheng, Yuan-Chung; Li, Che-Ming; Chen, Guang-Yin; Nori, Franco

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Functional quantum biology in photosynthesis and magnetoreception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is there a functional role for quantum mechanics or coherent quantum effects in biological processes? While this question is as old as quantum theory, only recently have measurements on biological systems on ultra-fast time-scales shed light on a possible answer. In this review we give an overview of the two main candidates for biological systems which may harness such functional quantum effects: photosynthesis and magnetoreception. We discuss some of the latest evidence both for and against room temperature quantum coherence, and consider whether there is truly a functional role for coherence in these biological mechanisms. Finally, we give a brief overview of some more speculative examples of functional quantum biology including the sense of smell, long-range quantum tunneling in proteins, biological photoreceptors, and the flow of ions across a cell membrane.

Neill Lambert; Yueh-Nan Chen; Yuan-Chung Cheng; Che-Ming Li; Guang-Yin Chen; Franco Nori

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

486

Physicochemically functional ultrathin films by interfacial polymerization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Interfacially-polymerized ultrathin films containing physicochemically functional groups are disclosed, both with and without supports. Various applications are disclosed, including membrane electrodes, selective membranes and sorbents, biocompatible materials, targeted drug delivery, and narrow band optical absorbers. 3 figs.

Lonsdale, H.K.; Babcock, W.C.; Friensen, D.T.; Smith, K.L.; Johnson, B.M.; Wamser, C.C.

1990-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

487

Gas characterization monitoring system functional design criteria  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide the functional design criteria for the Gas Characterization Monitoring Systems (Standard-E Hydrogen Monitoring Systems,) to be designed, fabricated and installed on the Waste Tank Farms in the Hanford 200 Areas.

Schneider, T.C.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Wave functions and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 7.1 Symmetric-top rotational basis functions. The molecule-fixed components J x ,J y ,J z of the total angular momentum operator can be written as [4 ...

489

Scattering Functions of Yolk-Shell Particles  

SciTech Connect

The single-particle small-angle scattering properties of the yolk-shell particle, a new type of core-shell particle with a mobile core within the hosting shell, are systematically investigated. The Debye spatial autocorrelation function, pair distance distribution function and intraparticle structure factor (form factor) are calculated and compared to the corresponding scattering functions of reference systems of hard sphere and concentric core-shell particles with identical sizes. Based on our theoretical calculations, we find that the broken centrosymmetry, originating from the mobility of the trapped yolk, results in an imaginary scattering amplitude. As a result, it contributes an additional destructive interference term which smears certain features present in the scattering functions of the reference systems. Based on our theoretical models, we present the prospect of jointly using small angle neutron and x-ray scattering techniques to quantitatively determine the structural characteristics of yolk-shell particles.

Li, Xin [ORNL] [ORNL; Liu, Kao-Hsiang [National Taiwan University] [National Taiwan University; Wu, Bin [ORNL] [ORNL; Sanchez-Diaz, Luis E [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL] [ORNL; Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Velocity Probability Density Functions from Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probability density functions (pdfs) are employed to evaluate the distribution of velocities in the global ocean. This study computes pdfs of ocean surface velocity using altimetric data from the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite. Results show that the ...

Sarah T. Gille; Stefan G. Llewellyn Smith

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Structure-Function Analysis of Edible Fats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book summarizes current modern approaches in the quantification of the physical structure of fats and its relationship to macroscopic functionality. The approach taken here is a general one, where the principles and techniques presented can be applied

492

Perturbation kernels for generalized seismological data functionals...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(GSDF) Submitted by Anonymous on November 3, 2011 - 12:52 Authors: Chen, Po., Jordan, T.H., Lee, E. In seismic waveform analysis and inversion, data functionals can be...

493

Green Function in the Resonance Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse the three-point function of vector, axial-vector and pseudoscalar currents. In the spirit of large N_C, a resonance dominated Green function is confronted with the leading high-energy behaviour from the operator product expansion. The matching is shown to be fully compatible with a chiral resonance Lagrangian and it allows to determine some of the chiral low-energy constants of O(p^6).

V. Cirigliano; G. Ecker; M. Eidemuller; A. Pich; J. Portoles

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Density-dependent covariant energy density functionals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relativistic nuclear energy density functionals are applied to the description of a variety of nuclear structure phenomena at and away fromstability line. Isoscalar monopole, isovector dipole and isoscalar quadrupole giant resonances are calculated using fully self-consistent relativistic quasiparticle randomphase approximation, based on the relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubovmodel. The impact of pairing correlations on the fission barriers in heavy and superheavy nuclei is examined. The role of pion in constructing desnity functionals is also investigated.

Lalazissis, G. A. [Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 (Greece)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

495

Comparing Optical and Near Infrared Luminosity Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey [SDSS] has measured an optical luminosity function for galaxies in 5 bands, finding 1.5 to 2.1 times more luminosity density than previous work. This note compares the SDSS luminosity density to two recent determinations of the near infrared luminosity function based on 2MASS data, and finds that an extrapolation of the SDSS results gives a 2.3 times greater near infrared luminosity density.

Edward L. Wright

2001-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

496

Continuous spray forming of functionally gradient materials  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Plasma Processes Inc. have produced a Functional Gradient Material (FGM) through advanced vacuum plasma spray processing for high heat flux applications. Outlined in this paper are the manufacturing methods used to develop a four component functional gradient material of copper, tungsten, boron, and boron nitride. The FGM was formed with continuous gradients and integral cooling channels eliminating bondlines and providing direct heat transfer from the high temperature exposed surface to a cooling medium. Metallurgical and x-ray diffraction analyses of the materials formed through innovative VPS (vacuum plasma spray) processing are also presented. Applications for this functional gradient structural material range from fusion reactor plasma facing components to missile nose cones to boilers.

McKechnie, T.N.; Richardson, E.H.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

EMC effect and nuclear structure functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze experimental data of nuclear structure function ratios $F_2^A/F_2^D$ for obtaining optimum parton distribution functions (PDFs) in nuclei. Then, uncertainties of the nuclear PDFs are estimated by the Hessian method. Parametrization of nuclear parton distribution is investigated in the leading order of $\\alpha_s$. The parton distribution are provided at $Q^2=1 GeV^2$ with a number of parameters, which are determined by a $\\chi^2$ analysis of the data on nuclear structure function. From the analysis, we propose parton distributions at $Q^2=1 GeV^2$ for nuclei from deuteron to heavy ones with a mass number $A\\sim 208$.

S. Atashbar Tehrani; A. Mirjalili; Ali N. Khorramian

2006-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

498

Low work function thermionic emission materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermionic energy conversion in a microminiature format shows potential as a viable, high efficiency, on-chip power source. Microminiature thermionic converters (MTC) with inter-electrode spacings on the order of microns are currently being prototyped and evaluated at Sandia. The remaining enabling technology is the development of low work function materials and processes than can be integrated into these converters. In this report, the authors demonstrate a method of incorporating thin film emitters into converters using rf sputtering. They find that the resultant films possess a minimum work function of 1.2 eV. Practical energy conversion is hindered by surface work function non-uniformity. They postulate the source of this heterogeneity to be a result of limited bulk and surface transport of barium. Several methods are proposed for maximizing transport, including increased film porosity and the use of metal terminating layers. They demonstrate a novel method for incorporating film porosity based on metal interlayer coalescence.

Zavadil, K.R.; King, D.B.; Ruffner, J.A.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Smart Grid Information Security (IS) Functional Requirement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is important to implement safe smart grid environment to enhance people's lives and livelihoods. This paper provides information on smart grid IS functional requirement by illustrating some discussion points to the sixteen identified requirements. This paper introduces the smart grid potential hazards that can be referred as a triggering factor to improve the system and security of the entire grid. The background of smart information infrastructure and the needs for smart grid IS is described with the adoption of hermeneutic circle as methodology. Grid information technology and security-s session discusses that grid provides the chance of a simple and transparent access to different information sources. In addition, the transformation between traditional versus smart grid networking trend and the IS importance on the communication field reflects the criticality of grid IS functional requirement identification is introduces. The smart grid IS functional requirements described in this paper are general and ...

Ling, Amy Poh Ai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Thermal Density Functional Theory in Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter introduces thermal density functional theory, starting from the ground-state theory and assuming a background in quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. We review the foundations of density functional theory (DFT) by illustrating some of its key reformulations. The basics of DFT for thermal ensembles are explained in this context, as are tools useful for analysis and development of approximations. We close by discussing some key ideas relating thermal DFT and the ground state. This review emphasizes thermal DFT's strengths as a consistent and general framework.

Pribram-Jones, Aurora; Gross, E K U; Burke, Kieron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z