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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Putting Accelerator Technology to Work Fully Superconducting GunFully Superconducting Gun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Putting Accelerator Technology to Work Fully Superconducting GunFully Superconducting Gun BNL PS Gun LANL/AES NC or AES FS gun e- 1.5-2.5 MeV 500-300 mA CW * e- 1.6-2.8 MeV 500-300 mA CW Beam cavity with low current beam * NC gun with derated gradient FS gun permits 25% higher current Ilan Ben

2

Argonne National Laboratory Partners with Advanced Magnet Lab to Develop First Fully Superconducting Direct-Drive Generator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is partnering with Advanced Magnet Lab, in Palm Bay, Florida, on one of six projects recently awarded by DOE to help develop next generation wind turbines and accelerate the deployment of advanced turbines for offshore wind energy in the United States.

3

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, John D. (Eaton's Neck, NY); El-Genk, Mohamed S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat is disclosed. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device. 4 figs.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermoelectricity is produced by applying a temperature differential to dissimilar electrically conducting or semiconducting materials, thereby producing a voltage that is proportional to the temperature difference. Thermoelectric generators use this effect to directly convert heat into electricity; however, presently-known generators have low efficiencies due to the production of high currents which in turn cause large resistive heating losses. Some thermoelectric generators operate at efficiencies between 4% and 7% in the 800{degrees} to 1200{degrees}C range. According to its major aspects and bradly stated, the present invention is an apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. In particular, the invention is a thermoelectric generator that juxtaposes a superconducting material and a semiconducting material - so that the superconducting and the semiconducting materials touch - to convert heat energy into electrical energy without resistive losses in the temperature range below the critical temperature of the superconducting material. Preferably, an array of superconducting material is encased in one of several possible configurations within a second material having a high thermal conductivity, preferably a semiconductor, to form a thermoelectric generator.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Crowd modeling: generation of a fully articulated crowd of characters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I present a fast, efficient, and production friendly method to generate a crowd of fully articulated characters. A wide variety of characters can be created from a relatively few base models. The models that are generated...

Swaminathan, Karthik

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

8

High quality factor, fully switchable THz superconducting metasurface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a complementary THz metasurface realised with Niobium thin film which displays a quality factor Q=54 and a fully switchable behaviour as a function of the temperature. The switching behaviour and the high quality factor are due to a careful design of the metasurface aimed at maximising the ohmic losses when the Nb is above the critical temperature and minimising the radiative coupling. The superconductor allows the operation of the cavity with an high Q and inductive elements with an high aspect ratio. Comparison with three dimensional finite element simulations highlights the crucial role of the inductive elements and of the kinetic inductance of the Cooper pairs in achieving the high quality factor and the high field enhancement.

Scalari, Giacomo; Cibella, Sara; Leoni, Roberto; Faist, Jerome

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

A FULLY DISTRIBUTED PRIME NUMBERS GENERATION USING THE WHEEL SIEVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A FULLY DISTRIBUTED PRIME NUMBERS GENERATION USING THE WHEEL SIEVE Gabriel Paillard Laboratoire d distributed approach for generating all prime numbers up to a given limit. From Er- atosthenes, who elaborated. In this work, we propose a new distributed algorithm which generates all prime num- bers in a given finite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

A Modular Superconducting Generator for Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, a new claw-pole type transverse flux superconducting generator topology is presented. The machine has a stationary superconducting field winding, which eliminates electrical brushes and cryocoupler...

Ozan Keysan; Dariusz Olczak…

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Procurement of a fully licensed radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system  

SciTech Connect

A fully licensed transportation system for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators and Light-Weight Radioisotope Heater Units is currently being designed and built. The system will comply with all applicable U.S. Department of Transportation regulations without the use of a DOE Alternative.'' The U.S. Department of Transportation has special double containment'' requirements for plutonium. The system packaging uses a doubly contained bell jar'' concept. A refrigerated trailer is used for cooling the high-heat payloads. The same packaging is used for both high- and low-heat payloads. The system is scheduled to be available for use by mid-1992.

Adkins, H.E.; Bearden, T.E. (Westinghouse Hanford Company, P.O. Box 1970, N1-42, Richland, Washington 99352 (US))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Procurement of a fully licensed radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system  

SciTech Connect

A fully licensed transportation system for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators and Light-Weight Radioisotope Heater Units is currently being designed and built. The system will comply with all applicable US Department of Transportation regulations without the use of a DOE Alternative.'' The US Department of Transportation has special double containment'' requirements for plutonium. The system packaging uses a doubly contained bell jar'' concept. A refrigerated trailer is used for cooling the high-heat payloads. The same packaging is used for both high- and low-heat payloads. The system is scheduled to be available for use by mid-1992. 4 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Adkins, H.E.; Bearden, T.E.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Superconducting Magnets for M.H.D. Generators [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Superconducting Magnets for M.H.D. Generators [and Discussion] P. F. Chester W...their application in large m.h.d. generators. The newly exploited hard superconductors...J in the case of a large m.h.d. generator magnet. It will be shown that this...

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Report on discussions with utility engineers about superconducting generators  

SciTech Connect

This report relates to a series of discussions with electric utility engineers concerning the integration of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) generators into the present electric power system. The current and future interest of the utilities in the purchase and use of HTS generators is assessed. Various performance and economic factors are also considered as part of this inspection of the utility prospects for HTS generators. Integration of HTS generators into the electric utility sector is one goal of the Superconductivity Partnership Initiative (SPI). The SPI, a major part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Superconductivity Program for Electric Systems, features vertical teaming of a major industrial power apparatus manufacturers, a producer of HTS wire, and an end-user with assistance and technical support for the national laboratories. The SPI effort on HTS generators is headed by a General Electric Corporation internal team comprised of the Corporate Research Laboratories, Power Generation Engineering, and Power Systems Group. Intermagnetics General corporation, which assisted in the development of the superconducting coils, is the HTS wire and tape manufacturer. Additional technical support is provided by the national laboratories: Argonne, Los Alamos, and Oak Ridge, and the New York State Institute on Superconductivity. The end-user is represented by Niagara-Mohawk and the Electric Power Research Institute.

none,

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Low-Cost Superconducting Wire for Wind Generators: High Performance, Low Cost Superconducting Wires and Coils for High Power Wind Generators  

SciTech Connect

REACT Project: The University of Houston will develop a low-cost, high-current superconducting wire that could be used in high-power wind generators. Superconducting wire currently transports 600 times more electric current than a similarly sized copper wire, but is significantly more expensive. The University of Houston’s innovation is based on engineering nanoscale defects in the superconducting film. This could quadruple the current relative to today’s superconducting wires, supporting the same amount of current using 25% of the material. This would make wind generators lighter, more powerful and more efficient. The design could result in a several-fold reduction in wire costs and enable their commercial viability of high-power wind generators for use in offshore applications.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

New Superconducting Magnet Will Lead to Next Generation of Wind...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

announced that their superconducting magnet system passed a landmark reliability test, demonstrating its potential suitability for wide-scale commercial applications. This...

17

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Program Review LANL Contributions to GE HTS Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-section · Develop a heat generation profile => thermal analysis #12;Superconductivity for Electric Systems Program of coolant loop to verify heat due to flow work on helium #12;Superconductivity for Electric Systems Program for Electric Systems Program Review Stationary heat pipe tests were necessary to determine performance impact

18

Superconducting generators for large off shore wind turbines   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes four novel superconducting machine concepts, in the pursuit of finding a suitable design for large offshore wind turbines. The designs should be reliable, modular and light-weight. The main novelty ...

Keysan, Ozan

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

19

New Superconducting Magnet Will Lead to Next Generation of Wind Turbine Generators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

AML Superconductivity and Magnetics, in conjunction with DOE's Argonne National Laboratory, recently announced that their superconducting magnet system passed a landmark reliability test, demonstrating its potential suitability for wide-scale commercial applications.

20

Automatic code generation enables nuclear gradient computations for fully internally contracted multireference theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytical nuclear gradients for fully internally contracted complete active space second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) are reported. This implementation has been realized by an automated code generator that can handle spin-free formulas for the CASPT2 energy and its derivatives with respect to variations of molecular orbitals and reference coefficients. The underlying complete active space self-consistent field and the so-called Z-vector equations are solved using density fitting. With full internal contraction the size of first-order wave functions scales polynomially with the number of active orbitals. The CASPT2 gradient program and the code generator are both publicly available. This work enables the CASPT2 geometry optimization of molecules as complex as those investigated by respective single-point calculations.

MacLeod, Matthew K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Development and test of a 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator  

SciTech Connect

A 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator has been jointly developed and tested by Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Institute and Institute of Electrical Engineering, Academia Sinica. It is a drum-type machine with superconducting excitation and solid brush current collection, 1,300 rpm rotating speed, 230--330 V output voltage. The armature rotor diameter is 620 mm, effective length is 600 mm, the average radial magnetic field in the armature region is 0.75 T. During test it reached 300 kW nominal output power and worked stably. The design and development of the machine and its main components, together with its test results are presented.

Ge, W.; Tang, S. [Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Inst. (China); Yan, L.; Yi, C.; Qin, J. [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Electrical Engineering

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Development and Test of a Prototype 100MVA Superconducting Generator  

SciTech Connect

In 2002, General Electric and the US Department of Energy (DOE) entered into a cooperative agreement for the development of a commercialized 100 MVA generator using high temperature superconductors (HTS) in the field winding. The intent of the program was to: • Identify and develop technologies that would be needed for such a generator. • Develop conceptual designs for generators with ratings of 100 MVA and higher using HTS technology. • Perform proof of concept tests at the 1.5 MW level for GE’s proprietary warm iron rotor HTS generator concept. • Design, build, and test a prototype of a commercially viable 100 MVA generator that could be placed on the power grid. This report summarizes work performed during the program and is provided as one of the final program deliverables.

Fogarty, James M.; Bray, James W.

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

23

Trapped-flux internal-dipole superconducting motor/generator.  

SciTech Connect

A new class of motor/generator (M/G) utilizes the magnetic flux trapping capability of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs). The rotor, consists of a cylindrical shell composed of HTS segments. These segments act as trapped-field magnets, magnetized in such a way that a dipole magnetic field is produced in the interior of the shell. A stator coil assembly is placed in the interior of the shell and current passing through the conductors of the coil produce a rotational torque, either as a hysteresis motor or as a synchronous motor. The coil may be either conventional, with copper wires and an iron core, or composed of superconductors and can be used to establish the trapped fields in the HTSs.

Hull, J. R.

1998-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

24

Controlled generation of field squeezing with cold atomic clouds coupled to a superconducting transmission line resonator  

SciTech Connect

We propose an efficient method for controlled generation of field squeezing with cold atomic clouds trapped close to a superconducting transmission line resonator. It is shown that, based on the coherent strong magnetic coupling between the collective atomic spins and microwave fields in the transmission line resonator, two-mode or single-mode field squeezed states can be generated through coherent control on the dynamics of the system. The degree of squeezing and preparing time can be directly controlled through tuning the external classical fields. This protocol may offer a promising platform for implementing scalable on-chip quantum information processing with continuous variables.

Li Pengbo; Li Fuli [MOE Key Laboratory for Nonequilibrium Synthesis and Modulation of Condensed Matter, Department of Applied Physics, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Generation of quantum-dot cluster states with superconducting transmission line resonator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an efficient method to generate cluster states in spatially separated double quantum dots with a superconducting transmission line resonator (TLR). When the detuning between the double-dot qubits transition frequency and the frequency of the full wave mode in the TLR satisfies some conditions, an Ising-like operator between arbitrary two separated qubits can be achieved. Even including the main noise sources, it's shown that the high fidelity cluster states could be generated in this solid system in just one step.

Zhi-Rong Lin; Guo-Ping Guo; Tao Tu; Fei-Yun Zhu; Guang-Can Guo

2008-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

Controlled generation of field squeezing with cold atomic clouds coupled to a superconducting transmission line resonator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an efficient method for controlled generation of field squeezing with cold atomic clouds trapped close to a superconducting transmission line resonator. It is shown that, based on the coherent strong magnetic coupling between the collective atomic spins and microwave fields in the transmission line resonator, two-mode or single mode field squeezed states can be generated through coherent control on the dynamics of the system. The degree of squeezing and preparing time can be directly controlled through tuning the external classical fields. This protocol may offer a promising platform for implementing scalable on-chip quantum information processing with continuous variables.

Peng-Bo Li; Fu-Li Li

2010-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

Generation of genuine $?$-type four-particle entangled state of superconducting artificial atoms with broken symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for generating a genuine $\\chi$-type four-particle entangled state of superconducting artificial atoms with broken symmetry by using one-dimensional transmission line resonator as a data bus. The $\\Delta$-type three-level artificial atom we use in the scheme is different from natural atom and has cyclic transitions. After suitable interaction time and simple operations, the desired entangled state can be obtained. Since artificial atomic excited states and photonic states are adiabatically eliminated, our scheme is robust against the spontaneous emissions of artificial atoms and the decays of transmission line resonator.

Chun-Ling Leng; Qi Guo; Xin Ji; Shou Zhang

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

28

Contribution of ion beam analysis methods to the development of 2nd generation high temperature superconducting (HTS) wires  

SciTech Connect

One of the crucial steps in the second generation high temperature superconducting wire program was development of the buffer layer architecture. The architecture designed at the Superconductivity Technology Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory consists of several oxide layers wherein each layer plays a specific role, namely: nucleation layer, diffusion barrier, biaxially textured template, and an intermediate layer with a good match to the lattice parameter of superconducting Y{sub 1}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} (YBCO) compound. This report demonstrates how a wide range of ion beam analysis techniques (SIMS, RBS, channeling, PIXE, PIGE, NRA, ERD) was employed for analysis of each buffer layer and the YBCO films. These results assisted in understanding of a variety of physical processes occurring during the buffet layer fabrication and helped to optimize the buffer layer architecture as a whole.

Usov, Igor O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arendt, Paul N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stan, Liliana [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Holesinger, Terry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Foltyn, Steven R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Depaula, Raymond F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Second generation high-temperature superconducting solenoid coils and energy storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??One of the most promising applications of superconductors is in Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) systems, which are becoming the enabling engines for improving the… (more)

Baiej, Hanan Tahir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

FRACSTIM/I: A Fully Coupled Fluid Flow/Heat Transport and Geomechanical Deformation/Fracture Generation Simulator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This research will develop a fully coupled, fully implicit approach for EGS stimulation and reservoir simulation. Solve all governing equations simultaneously in fully implicit way. Enable massively parallel performance and scalability. Apply state of the art nonlinear PDE solvers: Jacobian Free Newton Krylov (JFNK) method.

31

Comparative Assessment of Direct Drive High Temperature Superconducting Generators in Multi-Megawatt Class Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the work completed under the CRADA between NREL and American Superconductor (AMSC). The CRADA combined NREL and AMSC resources to benchmark high temperature superconducting direct drive (HTSDD) generator technology by integrating the technologies into a conceptual wind turbine design, and comparing the design to geared drive and permanent magnet direct drive (PMDD) wind turbine configurations. Analysis was accomplished by upgrading the NREL Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model to represent geared and PMDD turbines at machine ratings up to 10 MW and then comparing cost and mass figures of AMSC's HTSDD wind turbine designs to theoretical geared and PMDD turbine designs at 3.1, 6, and 10 MW sizes. Based on the cost and performance data supplied by AMSC, HTSDD technology has good potential to compete successfully as an alternative technology to PMDD and geared technology turbines in the multi megawatt classes. In addition, data suggests the economics of HTSDD turbines improve with increasing size, although several uncertainties remain for all machines in the 6 to 10 MW class.

Maples, B.; Hand, M.; Musial, W.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Long-term research in Japan: amorphous metals, metal oxide varistors, high-power semiconductors and superconducting generators  

SciTech Connect

The review revealed that significant activity is under way in the research of amorphous metals, but that little fundamental work is being pursued on metal oxide varistors and high-power semiconductors. Also, the investigation of long-term research program plans for superconducting generators reveals that activity is at a low level, pending the recommendations of a study currently being conducted through Japan's Central Electric Power Council.

Hane, G.J.; Yorozu, M.; Sogabe, T.; Suzuki, S.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Superconductivity Program Overview High-Temperature Superconductivity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SuperconducTiviTy program haS Three FocuS areaS: SuperconducTiviTy program haS Three FocuS areaS: SuperconducTiviTy applicaTionS Developing HTS-based electric power equipment such as transmission and distribution cables and fault current limiters Second-generaTion Wire developmenT Developing high-performance, low-cost, second- generation HTS wire at long lengths STraTegic reSearch Supporting fundamental research activities to better understand relationships between the microstructure of HTS materials and their ability to carry large electric currents over long lengths Superconductivity Program Overview High-Temperature Superconductivity for Electric Systems Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability www.oe.energy.gov Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-1 U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Avenue, SW - Washington, DC 20585

34

Manufacturing and Testing of Accelerator Superconducting Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manufacturing of superconducting magnet for accelerators is a quite complex process that is not yet fully industrialized. In this paper, after a short history of the evolution of the magnet design and construction, we review the main characteristics of the accelerator magnets having an impact on the construction technology. We put in evidence how the design and component quality impact on construction and why the final product calls for a total-quality approach. LHC experience is widely discussed and main lessons are spelled out. Then the new Nb3Sn technology, under development for the next generation magnet construction, is outlined. Finally, we briefly review the testing procedure of accelerator superconducting magnets, underlining the close connection with the design validation and with the manufacturing process.

Rossi, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Computation of the Field in an Axial Gap, Trapped-Flux Type Superconducting Electric Machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-type superconducting electric machine. The use of superconducting materials in electric machines can lead to increases in efficiency, as well as power density, which results in reductions in both the size and weight of the machine. In this paper, the authors present a... method to compute the field in such an electric machine generated by an array of fully magnetized bulk superconductors. Analytical expressions are derived for the field that would exist in the coil region of the motor, which will act as a powerful tool...

Shen, Zejun; Ainslie, Mark D.; Campbell, Archie M.; Cardwell, David A.

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

36

Superconducting Cable  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

Hughey, Raburn L. (Franklin, GA); Sinha, Uday K. (Carrollton, GA); Reece, David S. (Carrollton, GA); Muller, Albert C. (Eidson, TN)

2005-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

37

Superconducting Cable  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

Hughey, Raburn L. (Franklin, GA); Sinha, Uday K. (Carrollton, GA); Reece, David S. (Carrollton, GA); Muller, Albert C. (Eidson, TN)

2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

38

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 13–20 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Védrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Engineering Division Superconducting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10152014 Joseph V. Minervini 74 35 MW superconducting motor Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (SCFL) Technology & Engineering Division HTS (MgB 2 ) * DC superconducting...

40

Wind Speed Scaling in Fully Developed Seas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent tests of all generations of numerical wave models indicate that extreme wave heights are significantly underpredicted by these models. This behavior is consistent with the finding by Ewing and Laing that fully developed wave spectra do not ...

Donald T. Resio; Val R. Swail; Robert E. Jensen; Vincent J. Cardone

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Superconducting Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), discovered experimentally in 2007-2009 by a Princeton-ALS collaboration, are a promising platform for developing the next generation of electronics. Electrons within one nanometer of a TI's surface move at high speeds in a "light-like" fashion. The quantum interactions that generate these electronic states cause individual electrons to be spin polarized even at room temperature and to strongly resist scattering from defects, naturally achieving some of the most desirable traits for computing components and next-generation "spintronics" technologies. More recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies performed at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 12.0.1 by the same collaboration have paved a way for these novel material properties to be taken even further. Their studies showed that by doping the TI, bismuth selenide, with copper, it's possible to make the topologically ordered electrons superconducting, dropping electrical resistance in the surface states all the way to zero.

42

Superconducting Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), discovered experimentally in 2007-2009 by a Princeton-ALS collaboration, are a promising platform for developing the next generation of electronics. Electrons within one nanometer of a TI's surface move at high speeds in a "light-like" fashion. The quantum interactions that generate these electronic states cause individual electrons to be spin polarized even at room temperature and to strongly resist scattering from defects, naturally achieving some of the most desirable traits for computing components and next-generation "spintronics" technologies. More recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies performed at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 12.0.1 by the same collaboration have paved a way for these novel material properties to be taken even further. Their studies showed that by doping the TI, bismuth selenide, with copper, it's possible to make the topologically ordered electrons superconducting, dropping electrical resistance in the surface states all the way to zero.

43

Superconducting Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), discovered experimentally in 2007-2009 by a Princeton-ALS collaboration, are a promising platform for developing the next generation of electronics. Electrons within one nanometer of a TI's surface move at high speeds in a "light-like" fashion. The quantum interactions that generate these electronic states cause individual electrons to be spin polarized even at room temperature and to strongly resist scattering from defects, naturally achieving some of the most desirable traits for computing components and next-generation "spintronics" technologies. More recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies performed at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 12.0.1 by the same collaboration have paved a way for these novel material properties to be taken even further. Their studies showed that by doping the TI, bismuth selenide, with copper, it's possible to make the topologically ordered electrons superconducting, dropping electrical resistance in the surface states all the way to zero.

44

Superconducting inductive displacement detection of a microcantilever  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a superconducting inductive technique to measure the displacement of a micromechanical resonator. In our scheme, a type I superconducting microsphere is attached to the free end of a microcantilever and approached to the loop of a dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) microsusceptometer. A local magnetic field as low as 100 $\\mu$T, generated by a field coil concentric to the SQUID, enables detection of the cantilever thermomechanical noise at $4.2$ K. The magnetomechanical coupling and the magnetic spring are in good agreement with image method calculations assuming pure Meissner effect. These measurements are relevant to recent proposals of quantum magnetomechanics experiments based on levitating superconducting microparticles.

Andrea Vinante

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

45

FRACSTIM/I: A Fully Coupled Fluid Flow/Heat Transport and Geomechanica...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FRACSTIMI: A Fully Coupled Fluid FlowHeat Transport and Geomechanical DeformationFracture Generation Simulator FRACSTIMI: A Fully Coupled Fluid FlowHeat Transport and...

46

Roadmap for the design of a superconducting electron cyclotron resonance ion source for Spiral2  

SciTech Connect

A review of today achieved A/Q = 3 heavy ions beams is proposed. The daily operation A/Q = 3 ion beam intensities expected at Spiral2 are at the limit or above best record 3rd generation electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) intensities. The necessity to build a new fully superconducting to fulfill these requirements is outlined. A discussion on the volume of the future source is proposed and the minimum value of 12 liters is derived. An analysis of the x-ray absorption superconducting ECRIS is presented based on VENUS experimental data and geometry. This study underlines the necessity to include a complete x-ray study at the time of source conception. The specifications foreseen for the new ECRIS are presented, followed with the roadmap for the design.

Thuillier, T.; Angot, J.; Lamy, T. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble, 53 rue des martyrs 38026 Grenoble cedex (France); Barue, C.; Canet, C.; Leherissier, P.; Lemagnen, F.; Maunoury, L. [GANIL, BP 55027, 14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France); Peaucelle, C. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, Universite de Lyon, Universite de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Villeurbanne (France)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

At the Frontiers of Science Superconductivity and Its Electric Power Applications  

SciTech Connect

Electricity - it is one of our modern scientific miracles, and today we could not imagine living without it. But what if we could make it better? Superconductivity has the potential to do just that, by improving the capacity, quality, and reliability of products that use electricity. There has been a great deal of discussion about superconductivity in the last 10 years, but what exactly is it? In this document you will learn the definition of superconductivity, how it works, and its present and potential uses. You will also get an inside look at the challenges that scientists around the world are working to overcome in order to fully incorporate superconductivity in our everyday lives. When you turn on a lamp at home, the electric current flows - is conducted - through a wire made of copper or aluminum. Along the way, this wire resists the flow of electricity, and this resistance is something very much like friction. The resistance causes some of the electricity to be lost in the form of heat. Which means that every time you use an appliance, from a radio to a generator, you are not getting 100% of the energy that flows through it; some of it is wasted by the conductor. Superconductivity - the ability of a material to conduct electricity without losses to resistance - is a physical property inherent to a variety of metals and ceramics, much the same way magnetism is present in a variety of materials. It is dependent on temperature; that is, a material will not exhibit superconductivity until it is sufficiently cold. The necessary temperatures to induce superconductivity are well below what we might commonly consider 'cold.' They are so low, in fact, that they are measured using the Kelvin temperature scale (K). Absolute zero, or 0 K, is equal to -459 Fahrenheit (F). It is defined as the lowest temperature theoretically possible, or the complete absence of heat. In 1911, working in a laboratory in Holland, the Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes cooled mercury to 4 K (-452 F), almost absolute zero; at this temperature, the motion of individual atoms nearly ceased. Scientists were unsure what effect this extremely low temperature would have on resistance; most suspected resistance would increase as atomic motion slowed. However, during routine measurements of the mercury, it appeared that there was no electrical resistance. Onnes assumed his equipment was broken, but days later he confirmed that, near absolute zero, mercury did completely lose electrical resistance. Onnes had discovered superconductivity.

None

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Superconducting magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.

Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Secrets of superconductivity revealed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secrets of superconductivity revealed Secrets of superconductivity revealed Secrets of superconductivity revealed The superconducting material Cerium-Colbalt-Indium5 reveals new secrets about how superconductivity and magnetism can be related. January 3, 2014 Simon Gerber, first author of the publication on the superconducting properties of CeCoIn5 at the Morpheus instrument of the Spallation Neutron Source SINQ in Switzerland. (Photo: Paul Scherrer Institute/Markus Fischer) Simon Gerber, first author of the publication on the superconducting properties of CeCoIn5 at the Morpheus instrument of the Spallation Neutron Source SINQ in Switzerland. (Photo: Paul Scherrer Institute/Markus Fischer) "Superconductivity continues to give new surprises. As its secrets are revealed, we learn more about the quantum world of electrons and can begin

50

Secrets of superconductivity revealed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Secrets of superconductivity revealed Secrets of superconductivity revealed Secrets of superconductivity revealed The superconducting material Cerium-Colbalt-Indium5 reveals new secrets about how superconductivity and magnetism can be related. January 3, 2014 Simon Gerber, first author of the publication on the superconducting properties of CeCoIn5 at the Morpheus instrument of the Spallation Neutron Source SINQ in Switzerland. (Photo: Paul Scherrer Institute/Markus Fischer) Simon Gerber, first author of the publication on the superconducting properties of CeCoIn5 at the Morpheus instrument of the Spallation Neutron Source SINQ in Switzerland. (Photo: Paul Scherrer Institute/Markus Fischer) "Superconductivity continues to give new surprises. As its secrets are revealed, we learn more about the quantum world of electrons and can begin

51

Dynamical properties of superconducting nanowires  

SciTech Connect

The dynamical properties of thin superconducting wires (nanowires) are studied using numerical simulations based on a one-dimensional time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation, which is modified by introducing an order parameter u characterizing the 'purity' of the superconductor material. It is established that relatively long nanowires (with lengths much greater than the coherence length) made of a 'pure' superconductor (u > 1) are characterized by two critical current density values: j{sub c1} and j{sub c2}. For j < j{sub c1}, the total current is entirely superconducting, whereas for j > j{sub c2}, the current is purely normal. In the intermediate region of current densities, j{sub c1} < j < j{sub c2}, the total current contains both superconducting and normal components (mixed state) and the nanowire exhibits the generation of high-frequency electromagnetic waves. The current-voltage characteristics are constructed and the radiation spectrum is obtained. The properties of short superconducting nanowires (with lengths on the order of the coherence length) coincide with those of the Josephson junction. In the case of an 'impure' superconductor (u < 1), the nanowire is characterized by a single critical current density.

Nikolaev, S. V.; Yugay, K. N. [Omsk State University (Russian Federation)], E-mail: yugay_klimenty@mail.ru

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nonlinear Electrodynamics of Superconducting Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave-transmission measurements at 9.4 Gc/sec over a wide range of incident power have been used to study the nonlinear electrodynamics of thin superconducting films. By measuring the amplitude and phase of the fundamental transmitted field, the contributions of superelectrons and normal electrons to the electrodynamics of the films have been determined. In low microwave fields the nonlinear behavior of the films can be attributed to the breakup of superconducting pairs in agreement with the Ginzberg-Landau theory. In high microwave fields, regions of normal resistance appear through which a dc bias current cannot avoid passing. Most of the third-harmonic power is generated by these resistive regions.

K. Rose and M. D. Sherrill

1966-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

53

High Temperature Superconducting Underground Cable  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Project was to design, build, install and demonstrate the technical feasibility of an underground high temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable installed between two utility substations. In the first phase two HTS cables, 320 m and 30 m in length, were constructed using 1st generation BSCCO wire. The two 34.5 kV, 800 Arms, 48 MVA sections were connected together using a superconducting joint in an underground vault. In the second phase the 30 m BSCCO cable was replaced by one constructed with 2nd generation YBCO wire. 2nd generation wire is needed for commercialization because of inherent cost and performance benefits. Primary objectives of the Project were to build and operate an HTS cable system which demonstrates significant progress towards commercial progress and addresses real world utility concerns such as installation, maintenance, reliability and compatibility with the existing grid. Four key technical areas addressed were the HTS cable and terminations (where the cable connects to the grid), cryogenic refrigeration system, underground cable-to-cable joint (needed for replacement of cable sections) and cost-effective 2nd generation HTS wire. This was the world’s first installation and operation of an HTS cable underground, between two utility substations as well as the first to demonstrate a cable-to-cable joint, remote monitoring system and 2nd generation HTS.

Farrell, Roger, A.

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

54

High Tc Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by C. Kim (SSRL), D. H. Lu (Stanford), K. M. Shen (Stanford) and Z.-X. Shen (Stanford/SSRL) by C. Kim (SSRL), D. H. Lu (Stanford), K. M. Shen (Stanford) and Z.-X. Shen (Stanford/SSRL) Extensive research efforts to study the novel electronic properties of high-Tc superconductors and their related materials by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy at a recently commissioned Beam Line 5-4 (led by Z.-X. Shen) continue to be successful, producing many important results. These results, which are highlighted by five articles recently published in Physical Review Letters and one in Science, brought our understanding steps closer to solving the mystery of the high-Tc superconductivity. With the development of the latest generation of ultra-high resolution electron spectrometers in the past few years, the technique of angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) has recently experienced a renaissance. Nowhere is this revolution more evident than in the study of the high-temperature superconductors, which more than a decade after their discovery, continue to defy theoretical explanation. Recent ARPES experiments performed at Beam Line 5-4 have led to critical new discoveries about the fundamental nature of these mysterious superconductors and are now changing the way that the physics community views these materials. An excellent benchmark for the huge leap in detector resolution and technology is the recent work on Sr2RuO4. Although it belongs to a slightly different family than the high- temperature superconductors, its exotic superconducting mechanism (Tc = 1K) and complex electronic structure make it itself a fascinating material. In the past, due to poor resolutions, ARPES studies on this material were in disagreement with theory and other experimental techniques.

55

Superconducting VAR control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Static VAR control means employing an asymmetrically controlled Graetz bridge and a superconducting direct current coil having low losses and low cost characteristics.

Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM); Hassenzahl, William V. (Piedmont, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Computed tomography image using sub-terahertz waves generated from a high-T{sub c} superconducting intrinsic Josephson junction oscillator  

SciTech Connect

A computed tomography (CT) imaging system using monochromatic sub-terahertz coherent electromagnetic waves generated from a device constructed from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in a single crystalline mesa structure of the high-T{sub c} superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+?} was developed and tested on three samples: Standing metallic rods supported by styrofoam, a dried plant (heart pea) containing seeds, and a plastic doll inside an egg shell. The images obtained strongly suggest that this CT imaging system may be useful for a variety of practical applications.

Kashiwagi, T., E-mail: kashiwagi@ims.tsukuba.ac.jp; Minami, H.; Kadowaki, K. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba (Japan); Division of Materials Science, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Nakade, K.; Saiwai, Y.; Kitamura, T.; Watanabe, C.; Ishida, K.; Sekimoto, S.; Asanuma, K.; Yasui, T.; Shibano, Y. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba (Japan); Tsujimoto, M. [Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Yamamoto, T. [Wide Bandgap Materials Group, Optical and Electronic Materials Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Markovi?, B. [Faculty of Sciences, University of Montenegro, George Washington Str., 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Mirkovi?, J. [Faculty of Science, University of Montenegro, and CETI, Put Radomira Ivanovica, 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Klemm, R. A. [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, Florida 32816-2385 (United States)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

57

Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) Accelerator Cavities  

SciTech Connect

Charlie Reece, an accelerator technology scientist, explains how superconducting radiofrequency accelerator cavities work.

Reece, Charlie

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

58

Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) Accelerator Cavities  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Charlie Reece, an accelerator technology scientist, explains how superconducting radiofrequency accelerator cavities work.

Reece, Charlie

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

59

High temperature superconductive flux gate magnetometer  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes a different type of HTS superconducting magnetometer based on the non-linear magnetic behavior of bulk HTS materials. The device design is based on the generation of second harmonics which arise as a result of non-linear magnetization observed in Type-II superconductors. Even harmonics are generated from the non-linear interaction of an ac excitation signal with an external DC magnetic field which acts as a bias signal.

Gershenson, M. (Naval Coastal Systems Center, Panama City, FL (United States))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

FRACSTIM/I: A Fully Coupled Fluid Flow/Heat Transport and Geomechanica...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FRACSTIMI: A Fully Coupled Fluid FlowHeat Transport and Geomechanical DeformationFracture Generation Simulator aka FALCON: Fracturing and Liquid CONservation Robert K....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

6.763 Applied Superconductivity, Fall 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, and flux quantization. Josephson Junctions and superconducting quantum ...

Orlando, Terry P.

62

Superconducting active impedance converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transimpedance amplifier for use with high temperature superconducting, other superconducting, and conventional semiconductors allows for appropriate signal amplification and impedance matching to processing electronics. The amplifier incorporates the superconducting flux flow transistor into a differential amplifier configuration which allows for operation over a wide temperature range, and is characterized by high gain, relatively low noise, and response times less than 200 picoseconds over at least a 10-80 K. temperature range. The invention is particularly useful when a signal derived from either far-IR focal plane detectors or from Josephson junctions is to be processed by higher signal/higher impedance electronics, such as conventional semiconductor technology. 12 figures.

Ginley, D.S.; Hietala, V.M.; Martens, J.S.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

63

Superconducting active impedance converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transimpedance amplifier for use with high temperature superconducting, other superconducting, and conventional semiconductor allows for appropriate signal amplification and impedance matching to processing electronics. The amplifier incorporates the superconducting flux flow transistor into a differential amplifier configuration which allows for operation over a wide temperature range, and is characterized by high gain, relatively low noise, and response times less than 200 picoseconds over at least a 10-80 K. temperature range. The invention is particularly useful when a signal derived from either far-IR focal plane detectors or from Josephson junctions is to be processed by higher signal/higher impedance electronics, such as conventional semiconductor technology.

Ginley, David S. (Albuquerque, NM); Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Martens, Jon S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Fully depleted back illuminated CCD  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A backside illuminated charge coupled device (CCD) is formed of a relatively thick high resistivity photon sensitive silicon substrate, with frontside electronic circuitry, and an optically transparent backside ohmic contact for applying a backside voltage which is at least sufficient to substantially fully deplete the substrate. A greater bias voltage which overdepletes the substrate may also be applied. One way of applying the bias voltage to the substrate is by physically connecting the voltage source to the ohmic contact. An alternate way of applying the bias voltage to the substrate is to physically connect the voltage source to the frontside of the substrate, at a point outside the depletion region. Thus both frontside and backside contacts can be used for backside biasing to fully deplete the substrate. Also, high resistivity gaps around the CCD channels and electrically floating channel stop regions can be provided in the CCD array around the CCD channels. The CCD array forms an imaging sensor useful in astronomy.

Holland, Stephen Edward (Hercules, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Fully synthetic taped insulation cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high voltage oil-impregnated electrical cable with fully polymer taped insulation operable to 765 kV. Biaxially oriented, specially processed, polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene tape with an embossed pattern is wound in multiple layers over a conductive core with a permeable screen around the insulation. Conventional oil which closely matches the dielectric constant of the tape is used, and the cable can be impregnated after field installation because of its excellent impregnation characteristics.

Forsyth, Eric B. (Brookhaven, NY); Muller, Albert C. (Center Moriches, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Secrets of superconductivity revealed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

material Cerium-Colbalt-Indium5 reveals new secrets about how superconductivity and magnetism can be related. January 3, 2014 Simon Gerber, first author of the publication on the...

67

Alexei Abrikosov and Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alexei Abrikosov and Superconductivity Alexei Abrikosov and Superconductivity Resources with Additional Information · Publications at ANL Alexei A. Abrikosov of the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is a recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics for his research in the area of superconductivity. Alexei Abrikosov Courtesy Argonne National Laboratory "Abrikosov's research [at ANL] centers on condensed-matter physics (the structure and behavior of solids and liquids), and concentrates on superconductivity, the ability of some materials to carry electrical current without resistance. He was the first to propose the concept of "type-II superconductors" in 1952 and constructed the theory of their magnetic properties, known as the Abrikosov vortex lattice.

68

Supertubes and Superconducting Membranes  

SciTech Connect

We show the equivalence between configurations that arise from string theory of type IIA, called supertubes, and superconducting membranes at the bosonic level. We find equilibrium and oscillating configurations for a tubular membrane carrying a current along its axis.

Cordero, Ruben; Miguel-Pilar, Zelin [Departamento de Fisica, Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas del IPN, Edificio 9, Unidad Profesional 'Adolfo Lopez Mateos', Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

69

Superconducting transmission line particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non- superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propagating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N/sup 2/ ambiguity of charged particle events. 6 figs.

Gray, K.E.

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

70

Superconducting transmission line particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non-superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propogating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N.sup.2 ambiguity of charged particle events.

Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Progress in Superconducting Metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review progress in the development and applications of superconducting metamaterials. The review is organized in terms of several distinct advantages and unique properties brought to the metamaterials field by superconductivity. These include the low-loss nature of the meta-atoms, their compact structure, their extraordinary degree of nonlinearity and tunability, magnetic flux quantization and the Josephson effect, quantum effects in which photons interact with quantized energy levels in the meta-atom, as well as strong diamagnetism.

Philipp Jung; Alexey V. Ustinov; Steven M. Anlage

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

72

Superconducting ohmic heating solenoid concept for ISX-C  

SciTech Connect

The employment of a superconducting ohmic heating solenoid is presented for ISX-C based on currently available superconducting technology. The magnet is designed to be cryostable and to generate the required flux swing of 4.5 V/s while simultaneously meeting the limitations imposed by available space and structural interfacing to the torroidal coils. A novel spliceless pancake winding scheme is proposed which offers excellent cooling and completely supports the cable conductor throughout the winding.

Shen, S.S.; Brown, R.L.; Gray, W.H.; Lubell, M.S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Physics of Fully Depleted CCDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we present simple, physics-based models for two effects that have been noted in the fully depleted CCDs that are presently used in the Dark Energy Survey Camera. The first effect is the observation that the point-spread function increases slightly with the signal level. This is explained by considering the effect on charge-carrier diffusion due to the reduction in the magnitude of the channel potential as collected signal charge acts to partially neutralize the fixed charge in the depleted channel. The resulting reduced voltage drop across the carrier drift region decreases the vertical electric field and increases the carrier transit time. The second effect is the observation of low-level, concentric ring patterns seen in uniformly illuminated images. This effect is shown to be most likely due to lateral deflection of charge during the transit of the photogenerated carriers to the potential wells as a result of lateral electric fields. The lateral fields are a result of space charge in the fully...

Holland, S E; Kolbe, W F; Lee, J S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

7 Superconductivity March 12, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to measure. Current could be left flowing round a superconducting loop for several months without any and copper, do not seem to be superconducting, nor do the elements in Group IIA, such as calcium, but many

Thouless, David

75

Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 - 6/13/06 3 - 6/13/06 Superconducting Magnet Division S&T Committee Program Review June 22-23, 2006 Conference Room A, Bldg. 725, BNL DRAFT AGENDA Thursday, June 22 0830 Executive Session to address the charge S. Aronson (25 min) 0855 Welcome S. Aronson (5 min) 0900 Superconducting Magnet Division Status & M. Harrison (45 + 15 min) Issues - mission statement, core competencies, themes, program, problems, etc. 1000 Themes - Nb3Sn, HTS, Direct wind, Accelerator integration, P. Wanderer (20 + 10 min) rapid cycling Core Competencies 1030 Superconducting Materials A. Ghosh (20 + 5 min) 1055 Break 1110 Magnetic Design R. Gupta (20 + 5 min) 1135 Magnet Construction M. Anerella (20 + 5 min) 1200 Magnet Testing G. Ganetis (20 + 5 min)

76

LANL: Superconductivity Technology Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sitemap | Lab Home | Phone Sitemap | Lab Home | Phone ABOUT LANL ContactsPhonebookPolicy CenterOrganizationMapsJobs Emergency NEWS LIBRARY JOBS Search Materials Physics & Applications: STC STC Home OUR FOCUS HTS Physics HTS Materials Development HTS Materials Processing Power Applications Electronic Materials FUTURE APPLICATIONS Biomedical Developments Magnetic Levitation Train MHD Ship CONTACTS Center Leader Ken Marken Program Administrator Brenda Espinoza Center Office Location: TA-03, Bdg. 0032, Rm. 141 Exploring technology at STC Superconductivity Technology Center (STC) The Superconductivity Technology Center (STC) coordinates a multidisciplinary program for research, development, and technology transfer in the area of high-temperature superconductivity. Our focus is on effective collaborations with American industry, universities, and other national laboratories to develop electric power and electronic device applications of high-temperature superconductors (HTS).

77

Superconductivity | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Research Highlights Superconductivity Neutron diffraction reveals semiconducting phase and contributes to new understanding of iron-based superconductors Contact: Huibo Cao New VULCAN tests of Japanese cable for US ITER's central magnet system (2012) Contact: Ke An ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride (2011) Published Work: "Unconventional Temperature Enhanced Magnetism in Fe1:1Te" Contact: Igor Zaliznyak Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials (2011) Contact: Douglas Scalapino Materials Engineering Research at SNS Helps International Collaboration on Fusion Energy Scientists and engineers at ORNL are working with the ITER Organization and the Japanese Atomic Energy Agency to resolve issues with a critical

78

Superconductivity and the environment: a Roadmap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is universal agreement between the United Nations and governments from the richest to the poorest nations that humanity faces unprecedented global challenges relating to sustainable energy, clean water, low-emission transportation, coping with climate change and natural disasters, and reclaiming use of land. We have invited researchers from a range of eclectic research areas to provide a Roadmap of how superconducting technologies could address these major challenges confronting humanity.Superconductivity has, over the century since its discovery by Kamerlingh Onnes in 1911, promised to provide solutions to many challenges. So far, most superconducting technologies are esoteric systems that are used in laboratories and hospitals. Large science projects have long appreciated the ability of superconductivity to efficiently create high magnetic fields that are otherwise very costly to achieve with ordinary materials. The most successful applications outside of large science are high-field magnets for magnetic resonance imaging, laboratory magnetometers for mineral and materials characterization, filters for mobile communications, and magnetoencephalography for understanding the human brain.The stage is now set for superconductivity to make more general contributions. Humanity uses practically unthinkable amounts of energy to drive our modern way of life. Overall, global power usage has been predicted to almost double from 16.5 to 30 TW in the next four decades (2011 Equinox Summit: Energy 2030 http://wgsi.org/publications-resources).The economy with which electrons carry energy compels the continued quest for efficient superconducting power generation, energy storage, and power transmission. The growing global population requires new arable land and treatment of water, especially in remote areas, and superconductivity offers unique solutions to these problems. Exquisite detectors give warning of changes that are otherwise invisible. Prediction of climate and disasters will be helped by future supercomputer technologies that support huge amounts of data and sophisticated modeling, and with the aid of superconductivity these systems might not require the energy of a large city.We present different sections on applications that could address (or are addressing) a range of environmental issues. The Roadmap covers water purification, power distribution and storage, low-environmental impact transport, environmental sensing (particularly for the removal of unexploded munitions), monitoring the Earth's magnetic fields for earthquakes and major solar activity, and, finally, developing a petaflop supercomputer that only requires 3% of the current supercomputer power provision while being 50 times faster.Access to fresh water. With only 2.5% of the water on Earth being fresh and climate change modeling forecasting that many areas will become drier, the ability to recycle water and achieve compact water recycling systems for sewage or ground water treatment is critical. The first section (by Nishijima) points to the potential of superconducting magnetic separation to enable water recycling and reuse.Energy. The Equinox Summit held in Waterloo Canada 2011 (2011 Equinox Summit: Energy 2030 http://wgsi.org/publications-resources) identified electricity use as humanity's largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Our appetite for electricity is growing faster than for any other form of energy. The communiqué from the summit said 'Transforming the ways we generate, distribute and store electricity is among the most pressing challenges facing society today.... If we want to stabilize CO2 levels in our atmosphere at 550 parts per million, all of that growth needs to be met by non-carbon forms of energy' (2011 Equinox Summit: Energy 2030 http://wgsi.org/publications-resources). Superconducting technologies can provide the energy efficiencies to achieve, in the European Union alone, 33–65% of the required reduction in greenhouse gas emissions according to the Kyoto Protocol (Hartikainen et al 2003 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16 9

Shigehiro Nishijima; Steven Eckroad; Adela Marian; Kyeongdal Choi; Woo Seok Kim; Motoaki Terai; Zigang Deng; Jun Zheng; Jiasu Wang; Katsuya Umemoto; Jia Du; Pascal Febvre; Shane Keenan; Oleg Mukhanov; Lance D Cooley; Cathy P Foley; William V Hassenzahl; Mitsuru Izumi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Langmuir vacuum and superconductivity  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that, in the 'jelly' model of cold electron-ion plasma, the interaction between electrons and the quantum electromagnetic vacuum of Langmuir waves involves plasma superconductivity with an energy gap proportional to the energy of the Langmuir quantum.

Veklenko, B. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Superconductivity of Zirconium Alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superconducting transition temperatures of alloys between zirconium and VIIIth column elements are substantially higher than those of zirconium. The same is true for zirconium-gold alloys. This observation confirms a rule previously established about the height of transition temperatures.

B. T. Matthias and E. Corenzwit

1955-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Superconducting Magnet Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the 400 kW end of RIA's Fragment Separator are subjected to several orders of magnitude more radiation an order of magnitude as compared to that for present superconducting accelerator magnets. An OPERA3d model://www.phy.anl.gov/ria/ http://www.orau.org/ria/ Figure: On this chart of the nuclides, black squares represent stable nuclei

Gupta, Ramesh

82

Fully kinetic simulations of megajoule-scale dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dense plasma focus (DPF) Z-pinch devices are sources of copious high energy electrons and ions x-rays and neutrons. Megajoule-scale DPFs can generate 1012 neutrons per pulse in deuterium gas through a combination of thermonuclear and beam-target fusion. However the details of the neutron production are not fully understood and past optimization efforts of these devices have been largely empirical. Previously we reported on the first fully kinetic simulations of a kilojoule-scale DPF and demonstrated that both kinetic ions and kinetic electrons are needed to reproduce experimentally observed features such as charged-particle beam formation and anomalous resistivity. Here we present the first fully kinetic simulation of a MegaJoule DPF with predicted ion and neutron spectra neutron anisotropy neutron spot size and time history of neutron production. The total yield predicted by the simulation is in agreement with measured values validating the kinetic model in a second energy regime.

M. May

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Superconducting cuprate heterostructures for hot electron bolometers  

SciTech Connect

Transport properties of the resistive state of quasi-two dimensional superconducting heterostructures containing ultrathin La{sub 2?x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} layers synthesized using molecular beam epitaxy are studied. The electron transport exhibits strong deviation from Ohm's law, ?V??I{sup 3}, with a coefficient ?(T) that correlates with the temperature variation of the resistivity d?/dT. Close to the normal state, analysis of the nonlinear behavior in terms of electron heating yields an electron-phonon thermal conductance per unit area g{sub e?ph}?1 W/K cm{sup 2} at T = 20 K, one-two orders of magnitude smaller than in typical superconductors. This makes superconducting LaSrCuO heterostructures to be attractive candidate for the next generation of hot electron bolometers with greatly improved sensitivity.

Wen, B.; Yakobov, R.; Vitkalov, S. A. [Department of Physics, City College of New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Physics, City College of New York, New York 10031 (United States); Sergeev, A. [SUNY Research Foundation, SUNY at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14226 (United States)] [SUNY Research Foundation, SUNY at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14226 (United States)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

84

Fully Adaptive AMG Scott MacLachlan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" Ah "-1 ik ff Energy measure: Let G (i) j = (Ah )-1 ij , Sij = G(i) - G (i) j e(j) Ah G(i) Ah Fully, Sij? Apply (localized) relaxation to Ah G(i) = e(i) Fully Adaptive AMG ­ p.11 #12;Approximating Sij to Ah G(i) = e(i) Weighted Jacobi, 1 step: Fully Adaptive AMG ­ p.11 #12;Approximating Sij Can

MacLachlan, Scott

85

AFRD - Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Magnets Superconducting Magnets Home Organization Diversity Safety Links Gallery/History Updated July 2008 Ever-stronger magnets (which must be cost-effective as well) are a key to building tomorrow's high-energy accelerators and upgrading today's. Our role— not only a leading R&D group but also the administrators of the multi-institutional National Conductor Development Program— to create both evolutionary improvements and paradigm shifts in the application of accelerator magnets, providing innovative technology that enables new science. Improvements in conductor, innovative structures to solve the challenges of high fields and brittle superconductors, and integration of computerized design and analysis tools are key. The performance requirements of modern accelerators continue to press the

86

Landscape of superconducting membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AdS/CFT correspondence may connect the landscape of string vacua and the `atomic landscape' of condensed matter physics. We study the stability of a landscape of IR fixed points of N=2 large N gauge theories in 2+1 dimensions, dual to Sasaki-Einstein compactifications of M theory, towards a superconducting state. By exhibiting instabilities of charged black holes in these compactifications, we show that many of these theories have charged operators that condense when the theory is placed at a finite chemical potential. We compute a statistical distribution of critical superconducting temperatures for a subset of these theories. With a chemical potential of one milliVolt, we find critical temperatures ranging between 0.24 and 165 degrees Kelvin.

Frederik Denef; Sean A. Hartnoll

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

87

Supercurrent in superconducting graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of supercurrent in superconducting graphene is revisited and the supercurrent is calculated within the mean-field model employing the two-component wave functions on a honeycomb lattice with pairing between different valleys in the Brillouin zone. We show that the supercurrent within the linear approximation in the order-parameter-phase gradient is always finite even if the doping level is exactly zero.

N. B. Kopnin and E. B. Sonin

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

88

Superconducting magnet wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting tape or wire with an improved critical field is formed of alternating layers of a niobium-containing superconductor such as Nb, NbTi, Nb.sub.3 Sn or Nb.sub.3 Ge with a thickness in the range of about 0.5-1.5 times its coherence length, supported and separated by layers of copper with each copper layer having a thickness in the range of about 170-600 .ANG..

Schuller, Ivan K. (Woodridge, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL); Banerjee, Indrajit (San Jose, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Fiber Optic Cryogenic Sensors for Superconducting Magnets and Superconducting Power Transmission lines at CERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design, fabrication and tests of a new generation of superconducting magnets for the upgrade of the LHC require the support of an adequate, robust and reliable sensing technology. The use of Fiber Optic Sensors is becoming particularly challenging for applications in extreme harsh environments such as ultra-low temperatures, high electromagnetic fields and strong mechanical stresses offering perspectives for the development of technological innovations in several applied disciplines.

Chiuchiolo, A; Cusano, A; Bajko, M; Perez, J C; Bajas, H; Giordano, M; Breglio, G; Palmieri, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Superconducting VAR control. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Static VAR control means are described employing an asymmetrically controlled Graetz bridge and a superconducting direct current coil having low losses and low cost characteristics.

Boenig, H.J.; Hassenzahl, W.V.

1980-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

SciTech Connect: Superconductivity  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

English Subject: Condensed Matter Physics, Superconductivity & Superfluidity(75) Word Cloud More Like This Full Text File size NAView Full Text View Full Text DOI: 10.2172...

92

Superconductive silicon nanowires using gallium beam lithography.  

SciTech Connect

This work was an early career LDRD investigating the idea of using a focused ion beam (FIB) to implant Ga into silicon to create embedded nanowires and/or fully suspended nanowires. The embedded Ga nanowires demonstrated electrical resistivity of 5 m-cm, conductivity down to 4 K, and acts as an Ohmic silicon contact. The suspended nanowires achieved dimensions down to 20 nm x 30 nm x 10 m with large sensitivity to pressure. These structures then performed well as Pirani gauges. Sputtered niobium was also developed in this research for use as a superconductive coating on the nanowire. Oxidation characteristics of Nb were detailed and a technique to place the Nb under tensile stress resulted in the Nb resisting bulk atmospheric oxidation for up to years.

Henry, Michael David; Jarecki, Robert Leo,

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Optimization of superconducting tiling pattern for superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for reducing magnetic field inhomogeneities which produce rotational loss mechanisms in high temperature superconducting magnetic bearings are disclosed. Magnetic field inhomogeneities are reduced by dividing high temperature superconducting structures into smaller structures, and arranging the smaller structures into tiers which stagger the magnetic field maximum locations of the smaller structures. 20 figs.

Hull, J.R.

1996-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

94

Optimization of superconducting tiling pattern for superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for reducing magnetic field inhomogeneities which produce rotational loss mechanisms in high temperature superconducting magnetic bearings. Magnetic field inhomogeneities are reduced by dividing high temperature superconducting structures into smaller structures, and arranging the smaller structures into tiers which stagger the magnetic field maximum locations of the smaller structures.

Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Power superconducting power transmission cable  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is for a compact superconducting power transmission cable operating at distribution level voltages. The superconducting cable is a conductor with a number of tapes assembled into a subconductor. These conductors are then mounted co-planarly in an elongated dielectric to produce a 3-phase cable. The arrangement increases the magnetic field parallel to the tapes thereby reducing ac losses.

Ashworth, Stephen P. (Cambridge, GB)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Superconductivity and Magnetism: Materials Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;Superconductivity and Magnetism: Materials Properties and Developments #12;Copyright 2003 and Magnetism: Materials Properties and Developments Extended abstracts of the 24th Risø International Symposium LABORATORY ROSKILDE, DENMARK #12;Risø International Symposium on Superconductivity and Magnetism: Material

97

Superconductivity Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconductivity Superconductivity SHARE Superconductivity Highlights 1-6 of 6 Results Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials December 01, 2012 - Douglas Scalapino was the inaugural speaker for a new joint lecture series sponsored by the Spallation Neutron Source and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. New VULCAN tests of Japanese cable for US ITER's central magnet system February 01, 2012 - Neutron testing of the Japanese-made superconducting cable for the central solenoid (CS) magnetic system for US ITER begins next Tuesday, says Ke An, lead instrument scientist for the VULCAN Engineering Materials Diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source. ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride

98

DOE Superconductivity Program Stakeholders  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Force Research Laboratory Air Force Research Laboratory Air Liquide Air Products and Chemicals Inc. American Electric Power American Superconductor Argonne National Laboratory BOC Group Brookhaven National Laboratory Composite Technology Development Consolidated Edison Cryo-Industries of America Inc. Delta Star Inc. Directed Vapor Technologies Department of Defense Department of Homeland Security Electric Power Research Institute Entergy Florida State University Long Island Power Authority Los Alamos National Laboratory Metal Oxide Technologies Inc. Mipox International Corp. National Grid National Institute for Standards & Tech. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nissan Electric Co. Ltd. Nexans nkt Cables Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oxford Superconducting Technology Pacific Gas and Electric

99

Electrical conductivity of nondegenerate, fully ionized plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within a virial expansion of the electrical conductivity of a fully ionized plasma, which takes into account many-particle effects, different limiting cases are considered. An appropriate interpolation formula is compared with experimental values.

G. Röpke and R. Redmer

1989-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Ground-state geometric quantum computing in superconducting systems  

SciTech Connect

We present a theoretical proposal for the implementation of geometric quantum computing based on a Hamiltonian which has a doubly degenerate ground state. Thus the system which is steered adiabatically, remains in the ground-state. The proposed physical implementation relies on a superconducting circuit composed of three SQUIDs and two superconducting islands with the charge states encoding the logical states. We obtain a universal set of single-qubit gates and implement a nontrivial two-qubit gate exploiting the mutual inductance between two neighboring circuits, allowing us to realize a fully geometric ground-state quantum computing. The introduced paradigm for the implementation of geometric quantum computing is expected to be robust against environmental effects.

Solinas, P. [Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University, P. O. Box 15100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Pirkkalainen, J.-M. [Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University, P. O. Box 15100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University, P. O. Box 13500, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Moettoenen, M. [Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University, P. O. Box 15100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University, P. O. Box 13500, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computer Technology, School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Superconductivity in SrNi2P2 single crystals  

SciTech Connect

Heat capacity, magnetic susceptibility, and resistivity of SrNi{sub 2}P{sub 2} single crystals are presented, illustrating the structural transition at 325 K, and bulk superconductivity at 1.4 K. The magnitude of {Tc}, fits to the heat capacity data, the small upper critical field H{sub c2} = 390 Oe, and {kappa} = 2.1 suggests a conventional fully gapped superconductor. With applied pressure we find that superconductivity persists into the so-called 'collapsed tetragonal' phase, although the transition temperature is monotonically suppressed with increasing pressure. This argues that reduced dimensionality can be a mechanism for increasing the transition temperatures of layered NiP, as well as layered FeAs and NiAs, superconductors.

Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Tuscon [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Superconductivity for electric systems program plan, FY 1996--FY 2000  

SciTech Connect

This describes a comprehensive, integrated approach for the development of HTS (high-temperature superconductivity) technology for cost-effective use in electric power applications. This approach supports the program`s mission: to develop the technology that could lead to industrial commercialization of HTS electric power applications, such as fault-current limiters, motors, generators, transmission cables, superinductors, and superconducting energy storage. The vision is that, by 2010, the US power systems equipment industry will regain a major share of the global market by offering superconducting products that outperform the competition; and in US, the power grid will gain increased efficiency and stability by incorporating many kinds of HTS devices. After an overview and a discussion of the program plan (wires, systems technology, partnership initiative), this document discusses technology status, stakeholders, and the role of US DOE.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Fiber Bragg Grating Cryo-Sensors for Superconducting Accelerator Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design, fabrication and tests of the new generation of superconducting magnets for the High Luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL - LHC) require the support of an adequate sensing technology able to assure the integrity of the strain sensitive and brittle superconducting cables through the whole service life of the magnet: assembly up to 150 MPa, cool down to 1.9 K and powering up to about 16 kA. A precise temperature monitoring is also needed in order to guarantee the safe working condition of the superconducting cables in the power transmission lines (SC - Link) designed to feed the magnet over long distance. Temperature and strain FBGs based monitoring systems have been implemented in the first SC-Link prototype and in two subscale dipole magnets and tested in the cryogenic test facility at CERN at 30 K, 77 K and 1.9 K.

Chiuchiolo, A; Perez, J; Bajas, H; Consales, M; Giordano, M; Breglio, G; Cusano, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Superconductive tunnel junction integrated circuit  

SciTech Connect

Josephson Junction integrated circuits of the current injection type and magnetically controlled type utilize a superconductive layer that forms both Josephson Junction electrode for the Josephson Junction devices on the integrated circuit as well as a ground plane for the integrated circuit. Large area Josephson Junctions are utilized for effecting contact to lower superconductive layers and islands are formed in superconductive layers to provide isolation between the groundplane function and the Josephson Junction electrode function as well as to effect crossovers. A superconductor-barrier-superconductor trilayer patterned by local anodization is also utilized with additional layers formed thereover. Methods of manufacturing the embodiments of the invention are disclosed.

Jillie, D.W. Jr.; Smith, L.N.

1984-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Superconducting materials for large scale applications  

SciTech Connect

Significant improvements in the properties ofsuperconducting materials have occurred recently. These improvements arebeing incorporated into the latest generation of wires, cables, and tapesthat are being used in a broad range of prototype devices. These devicesinclude new, high field accelerator and NMR magnets, magnets for fusionpower experiments, motors, generators, and power transmission lines.These prototype magnets are joining a wide array of existing applicationsthat utilize the unique capabilities of superconducting magnets:accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider, fusion experiments suchas ITER, 930 MHz NMR, and 4 Tesla MRI. In addition, promising newmaterials such as MgB2 have been discovered and are being studied inorder to assess their potential for new applications. In this paper, wewill review the key developments that are leading to these newapplications for superconducting materials. In some cases, the key factoris improved understanding or development of materials with significantlyimproved properties. An example of the former is the development of Nb3Snfor use in high field magnets for accelerators. In other cases, thedevelopment is being driven by the application. The aggressive effort todevelop HTS tapes is being driven primarily by the need for materialsthat can operate at temperatures of 50 K and higher. The implications ofthese two drivers for further developments will be discussed. Finally, wewill discuss the areas where further improvements are needed in order fornew applications to be realized.

Scanlan, Ronald M.; Malozemoff, Alexis P.; Larbalestier, David C.

2004-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of superconducting magnet systems for HIFExperiments  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Heavy Ion Fusion program is developing superconducting focusing quadrupoles for near-term experiments and future driver accelerators. Following the fabrication and testing of several models, a baseline quadrupole design was selected and further optimized. The first prototype of the optimized design achieved a conductor-limited gradient of 132 T/m in a 70 mm bore, with measured field harmonics within 10 parts in 10{sup 4}. In parallel, a compact focusing doublet was fabricated and tested using two of the first-generation quadrupoles. After assembly in the cryostat, both magnets reached their conductor-limited quench current. Further optimization steps are currently underway to improve the performance of the magnet system and reduce its cost. They include the fabrication and testing of a new prototype quadrupole with reduced field errors as well as improvements of the cryostat design for the focusing doublet. The prototype units will be installed in the HCX beamline at LBNL, to perform accelerator physics experiments and gain operational experience. Successful results in the present phase will make superconducting magnets a viable option for the next generation of integrated beam experiments.

Sabbi, Gian Luca; Faltens, A.; Leitzke, A.; Seidl, P.; Lund, S.; Martovets ky, N.; Chiesa, L.; Gung, C.; Minervini, J.; Schultz, J.; Goodzeit, C.; Hwang, P.; Hinson, W.; Meinke, R.

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

107

Superconducting magnetic energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Recent programmatic developments in Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) have prompted renewed and widespread interest in this field. In mid 1987 the Defense Nuclear Agency, acting for the Strategic Defense Initiative Office, issued a request for proposals for the design and construction of SMES Engineering Test Model (ETM). Two teams, one led by Bechtel and the other by Ebasco, are now engaged in the first phase of the development of a 10 to 20 MWhr ETM. This report presents the rationale for energy storage on utility systems, describes the general technology of SMES, and explains the chronological development of the technology. The present ETM program is outlined; details of the two projects for ETM development are described in other papers in these proceedings. The impact of high T/sub c/ materials on SMES is discussed. 69 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Hassenzahl, W.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The LHC superconducting cavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC RF system, which must handle high intensity (0.5 A d.c.) beams, makes use of superconducting single-cell cavities, best suited to minimizing the effects of periodic transient beam loading. There will be eight cavities per beam, each capable of delivering 2 MV (5 MV/m accelerating field) at 400 MHz. The cavities themselves are now being manufactured by industry, using niobium-on-copper technology which gives full satisfaction at LEP. A cavity unit includes a helium tank (4.5 K operating temperature) built around a cavity cell, RF and HOM couplers and a mechanical tuner, all housed in a modular cryostat. Four-unit modules are ultimately foreseen for the LHC (two per beam), while at present a prototype version with two complete units is being extensively tested. In addition to a detailed description of the cavity and its ancillary equipment, the first test results of the prototype will be reported.

Boussard, Daniel; Häbel, E; Kindermann, H P; Losito, R; Marque, S; Rödel, V; Stirbet, M

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Information entropic superconducting microcooler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a design for a cyclic microrefrigerator using a superconducting flux qubit. Adiabatic modulation of the flux combined with thermalization can be used to transfer energy from a lower temperature normal metal thin film resistor to another one at higher temperature. The frequency selectivity of photonic heat conduction is achieved by including the hot resistor as part of a high frequency LC resonator and the cold one as part of a low-frequency oscillator while keeping both circuits in the underdamped regime. We discuss the performance of the device in an experimentally realistic setting. This device illustrates the complementarity of information and thermodynamic entropy as the erasure of the quantum bit directly relates to the cooling of the resistor.

A. O. Niskanen; Y. Nakamura; J. P. Pekola

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

110

Superconducting energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the status of energy storage involving superconductors and assesses what impact the recently discovered ceramic superconductors may have on the design of these devices. Our description is intended for R&D managers in government, electric utilities, firms, and national laboratories who wish an overview of what has been done and what remains to be done. It is assumed that the reader is acquainted with superconductivity, but not an expert on the topics discussed here. Indeed, it is the author`s aim to enable the reader to better understand the experts who may ask for the reader`s attention, support, or funding. This report may also inform scientists and engineers who, though expert in related areas, wish to have an introduction to our topic.

Giese, R.F.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Onset of surface superconductivity  

SciTech Connect

We examine the onset of superconductivity in the surface region of a metal. Surface effects are particularly important in systems with a short bulk coherence length {xi}{sub 0}. We show that, to the accuracy of the calculation, the surface transition temperature {ital T}{sub {ital c}{ital S}} equals the bulk transition temperature {ital T}{sub {ital c}{ital B}} if the electron-electron interaction is of the standard BCS form, i.e., a single attractive square well, extending up to some critical energy {omega}{sub 0} much smaller than the Fermi energy {var epsilon}{sub {ital F}}. If one takes into account, in addition, the repulsive part of the interaction extending beyond {omega}{sub 0} up to energies of order {var epsilon}{sub {ital F}}, then one may have {ital T}{sub {ital c}{ital S}}{gt}{ital T}{sub {ital c}{ital B}} in certain cases, although, due to restrictions imposed on the parameter values by various physical conditions, the relative increase of {ital T}{sub {ital c}} is very small, typically 10{sup {minus}3}, at least in the weak coupling limit. However, we also find a considerable gap enhancement, of order 20%, near the surface which could be of interest for critical-current measurements. Therefore we suggest an experimental reexamination of systems with short {xi}{sub 0}, i.e., superconducting degenerate semiconductors and the new high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} oxides in confined geometries where the surface-to-volume ratio is non-negligible.

Giamarchi, T.; Beal-Monod, M.T. (Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Universite Paris-Sud 91405 Orsay, (France)); Valls, O.T. (Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, (France) Center for the Science and Application of Superconductivity, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Brett Parker | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brett Parker Brett Parker Recent Presentations "BNL Direct Wind Magnets," (pdf) presentation dedicated to the memory of Pat Thompson given at the 22nd Magnet Technology Conference (MT22), September 11 - 16, 2011, Marseille, France A Review of BNL Direct-Wind Superconducting IR Magnet Experience, (pdf) presented at the 30th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on High Luminosity e+e- Collisions, October 13 - 16, 2003, Stanford, California The Serpentine Coil Design for BEPC-II Superconducting IR Magnets, (pdf) presented at the "Mini-Workshop on BEPC-II IR Design", January 12 - 16, 2004, Beijing, P.R. China Ma nufacture of a Superconducting Octupole Magnet for the ALPHA Experiment at CERN using the Direct Wind Machine Presentations Prior to 2004 Superconducting Final Focus Magnet Issues (pdf), presented at

113

Mixed-mu superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixed-mu superconducting bearing is disclosed including a ferrite structure disposed for rotation adjacent a stationary superconductor material structure and a stationary permanent magnet structure. The ferrite structure is levitated by said stationary permanent magnet structure. 9 figs.

Hull, J.R.; Mulcahy, T.M.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

Philosophy 26 High Temperature Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the ratio of voltage to current. The resistance of a material tells us how a low resistance, and they are therefore good conductors; other materials, likePhilosophy 26 High Temperature Superconductivity By Ohm's Law, resistance

Callender, Craig

115

EIS-0138: Superconducting Super Collider  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy developed this EIS to analyze the potential environmental impacts of constructing the Superconducting Super Collider, a large proton accelerator, at each of seven alternative locations.

116

Critical State of Superconducting Solenoids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The critical state is a term introduced by Bean [1] to describe the magnetic properties of a bulk type II superconductor. In this state every region of the superconducting material carries the maximum induced cri...

M. S. Lubell

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor includes a rotor separated from a stator by either a radial gap, an axial gap, or a combined axial and radial gap. Dual conically shaped stators are used in one embodiment to levitate a disc-shaped rotor made of superconducting material within a conduit for moving cryogenic fluid. As the rotor is caused to rotate when the field stator is energized, the fluid is pumped through the conduit.

DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN); McConnell, Benjamin W. (Knoxville, TN); Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor includes a rotor separated from a stator by either a radial gap, an axial gap, or a combined axial and radial gap. Dual conically shaped stators are used in one embodiment to levitate a disc-shaped rotor made of superconducting material within a conduit for moving cryogenic fluid. As the rotor is caused to rotate when the field stator is energized, the fluid is pumped through the conduit. 6 figs.

DeVault, R.C.; McConnell, B.W.; Phillips, B.A.

1996-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

119

Design considerations of a power supply system for fast cycling superconducting accelerator magnets of 2 Tesla b-field generated by a conductor of 100 kA current  

SciTech Connect

Recently proposed fast cycling accelerators for proton drivers (SF-SPS, CERN and SF-MR, SF-BOOSTER, FNAL) neutrino sources require development of new magnet technology. In support of this magnet development a power supply system will need to be developed that can support the high current and high rate of power swing required by the fast cycling (1 sec rise and fall in the SF-MR, 5Hz in Booster). This paper will outline a design concept for a +/- 2000 V and 100,000 A fast ramping power supply system. This power supply design is in support of a 6.44 km magnet system at 0.020 H and 330 m 5 Hz, 0.00534 H superconducting loads. The design description will include the layout and plan for extending the present FNAL Main Injector style ramping power supply to the higher currents needed for this operation. This will also include the design for a harmonic filter and power factor corrector that will be needed to control the large power swings caused by the fast cycle time. A conceptual design for the current regulation system and control will also be outlined. The power circuit design will include the bridge, filter and transformer plan based on existing designs.

Hays, Steve; Piekarz, Henryk; Pfeffer, Howie; Claypool, Brad; /Fermilab

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Original Paper Fully interconnected, linear control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original Paper Fully interconnected, linear control for limit cycle walking Joseph H Solomon1 and simple control methodologies for these models (Collins & Ruina, 2005; Hobbelen & Wisse, 2008a, 2008b. Corresponding author: Joseph H. Solomon, Northwestern University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 2145

Hartmann, Mitra J. Z.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The inverter in a hybrid or fully  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverter in a hybrid or fully electric vehicle, such as the Toyota Prius, supplies power from the batteries to the motor. Inverters used in this application are currently limited by their power new material devices under real operating conditions. A project with TRW and others is investigating

Davies, Christopher

122

Improved superconducting magnet wire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is directed to a superconducting tape or wire composed of alternating layers of copper and a niobium-containing superconductor such as niobium of NbTi, Nb/sub 3/Sn or Nb/sub 3/Ge. In general, each layer of the niobium-containing superconductor has a thickness in the range of about 0.05 to 1.5 times its coherence length (which for Nb/sub 3/Si is 41 A) with each copper layer having a thickness in the range of about 170 to 600 A. With the use of very thin layers of the niobium composition having a thickness within the desired range, the critical field (H/sub c/) may be increased by factors of 2 to 4. Also, the thin layers of the superconductor permit the resulting tape or wire to exhibit suitable ductility for winding on a magnet core. These compositions are also characterized by relatively high values of critical temperature and therefore will exhibit a combination of useful properties as superconductors.

Schuller, I.K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

123

Superconducting digital logic amplifier  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a superconducting digital logic amplifier for interfacing between a Josephson junction logic circuit having output current and a higher voltage semiconductor circuit input. The amplifier comprising: an input terminal for connection to a ; an output terminal for connection to a semiconductor circuit input; an input, lower critical current, Josephson junction having first and second terminals; a first series string of at least three lower critical current Josephson junctions. The first series string being connected to the first terminal of the input Josephson junction such that the first series string is in series with the input Josephson junction to provide a series combination. The input terminal being connected to the first terminal of the input Josephson junction, and with the critical current of the lower critical current Josephson junctions of the input Josephson junction and the first series Josephson junctions being less than the output current of the low voltage Josephson junction circuit; a second series string of at least four higher critical current Josephson junctions. The second string being connected in parallel with the series combination to provide parallel strings having an upper common connection and a lower common connection. The lower common connection being connected to the second terminal of the input Josephson junction and the upper common connection being connected to the output terminal; and a pulsed DC current source connected the parallel strings at the upper common connection. The DC current source having a current at least equal to the critical current of the higher critical current Josephson junctions.

Przybysz, J.X.

1989-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

124

Scale-Up of Magnesium Production by Fully Stabilized Zirconia...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Scale-Up of Magnesium Production by Fully Stabilized Zirconia Electrolysis Scale-Up of Magnesium Production by Fully Stabilized Zirconia Electrolysis 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

125

Development of Superconducting AC Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new superconducting fault current limiter whose impedance during normal operation is very small. During fault conditions, the limiter behaves as a superconducting reactor. The limiter

Daisuke Ito; Eriko Yoneda; Tsutomu Fujioka…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Test on Superconducting AC Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new superconducting fault current limiter whose impedance during normal operation is very small. During fault conditions, the limiter behaves as a superconducting reactor. The limiter

Daisuke Ito; Eriko S. Yoneda…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Magnetism and superconductivity driven by identical 4f states in a heavy-fermion metal  

SciTech Connect

The apparently inimical relationship between magnetism and superconductivity has come under increasing scrutiny in a wide range of material classes, where the free energy landscape conspires to bring them in close proximity to each other. Particularly enigmatic is the case when these phases microscopically interpenetrate, though the manner in which this can be accomplished remains to be fully comprehended. Here, we present combined measurements of elastic neutron scattering, magnetotransport, and heat capacity on a prototypical heavy fermion system, in which antiferromagnetism and superconductivity are observed. Monitoring the response of these states to the presence of the other, as well as to external thermal and magnetic perturbations, points to the possibility that they emerge from different parts of the Fermi surface. Therefore, a single 4f state could be both localized and itinerant, thus accounting for the coexistence of magnetism and superconductivity.

Thompson, Joe E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nair, S [MAX PLANCK INST.; Stockert, O [MAX PLANCK INST.; Witte, U [INST. FUR FESTKORPERPHYSIK; Nicklas, M [MAX PLANCK INST.; Schedler, R [HELMHOLTZ - ZENTRUM; Bianchi, A [UC, IRVINE; Fisk, Z [UC, IRVINE; Wirth, S [MAX PLANCK INST.; Steglich, K [HELMHOLTZ - ZENTRUM

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage for electric-transmission stabilization  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration operates the electric power transmission system that connects the Pacific Northwest and southern California. The HVAC interties develop 0.35 Hz oscillations when the lines are heavily loaded. A 30 MJ (8.4 kWh) Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit with a 10 MW converter can provide system damping for the oscillation. The unit is scheduled for installation in 1982 and operation in 1982-83. Status of the project is described. The conductor has been fully tested electrically and mechanically and the 5 kA superconducting cable has been produced. The 30 MJ superconducting coil is essentially complete. All major components of the electrical and cryogenic systems except the nonconducting dewar have been completed. The refrigerator and converter are undergoing tests. The system is to be located at the BPA Tacoma Substation and operated by microwave link from Portland, OR.

Turner, R.D.; Rogers, J.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Superconductive articles including cerium oxide layer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic superconductor comprising a metal oxide substrate, a ceramic high temperature superconductive material, and a intermediate layer of a material having a cubic crystal structure, said layer situated between the substrate and the superconductive material is provided, and a structure for supporting a ceramic superconducting material is provided, said structure comprising a metal oxide substrate, and a layer situated over the surface of the substrate to substantially inhibit interdiffusion between the substrate and a ceramic superconducting material deposited upon said structure.

Wu, Xin D. (Greenbelt, MD); Muenchausen, Ross E. (Espanola, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Magnetism and Superconductivity in Iron Pnictides  

SciTech Connect

The discovery of high temperature superconductivity in iron pnictides and chalcogenides has resulted in surprising new insights into high temperature superconductivity and its relationship with magnetism. Here we provide an overview of some of what is known about these materials and in particular about the interplay of magnetism and superconductivity in them. Similarities and contrasts with cuprate superconductors are emphasized and the superconducting pairing is discussed within the framework of spin fluctuation induced pairing.

Singh, David J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Superconducting Topological Fluids in Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the frustrated Josephson junction arrays may support a topologically ordered superconducting ground state, characterized by a non-trivial ground state degeneracy on the torus. This superconducting quantum fluid provides an explicit example of a system in which superconductivity arises from a topological mechanism rather than from the usual Landau-Ginzburg mechanism.

M. Cristina Diamantini; Pasquale Sodano; Carlo A. Trugenberger

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

132

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined A team of physicists propose a new model that expands on a little understood aspect of the electronic structure in high-temperature superconductors. July 10, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

133

Ramesh Gupta | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ramesh Gupta Ramesh Gupta Ramesh Gupta has always been a leader in the world of superconducting magnets, which are essential to great modern accelerators such as the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL, and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Switzerland. For the past decade, Lab researchers have been exploring the use of new materials that become superconducting at higher temperatures. Gupta, head of the High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) Research and Development Group in the Superconducting Magnet Division, is among those exploring avenues for HTS magnets that are energy efficient and have magnetic fields that are a million times stronger than the Earth's. These new magnets could revolutionize use in future accelerators, play a key role in energy efficiency and storage, and make possible new

134

Development of superconducting transmission cable. CRADA final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Southwire Company is to develop the technology necessary to proceed to commercialization of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) transmission cables. Power transmission cables are a promising near-term electric utility application for high-temperature superconductivity. Present HTS wires match the needs for a three-phase transmission cable: (1) the wires must conduct high currents in self-field, (2) there are no high forces developed, and (3) the cables may operate at relatively low current density. The commercially-available HTS wires, in 100-m lengths, make construction of a full three-phase, alternating current (ac) transmission cable possible. If completed through the pre-commercialization phase, this project will result in a new capability for electric power companies. The superconducting cable will enable delivery with greater efficiency, higher power density, and lower costs than many alternatives now on the market. Job creation in the US is expected as US manufacturers supply transmission cables to the expanding markets in Asia and to the densely populated European cities where pipe-type cable is prevalent. Finally, superconducting cables may enable delivery of the new, diverse and distributed sources of electricity that will constitute the majority of new installed electrical generation in the world during the coming decades.

Hawsey, R.; Stovall, J.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hughey, R.L.; Sinha, U.K. [Southwire Co., Carrollton, GA (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Superconducting flux flow digital circuits  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A NOR/inverter logic gate circuit and a flip flop circuit implemented with superconducting flux flow transistors (SFFTs) are disclosed. Both circuits comprise two SFFTs with feedback lines. They have extremely low power dissipation, very high switching speeds, and the ability to interface between Josephson junction superconductor circuits and conventional microelectronics. 8 figs.

Hietala, V.M.; Martens, J.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1995-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

136

Superconducting flux flow digital circuits  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A NOR/inverter logic gate circuit and a flip flop circuit implemented with superconducting flux flow transistors (SFFTs). Both circuits comprise two SFFTs with feedback lines. They have extremely low power dissipation, very high switching speeds, and the ability to interface between Josephson junction superconductor circuits and conventional microelectronics.

Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Martens, Jon S. (Sunnyvale, CA); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

MICROSTRUCTURE OF SUPERCONDUCTING MGB(2).  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Akimitsu and co-workers [1] discovered superconductivity at 39 K in the intermetallic compound MgB{sub 2}. This discovery provides a new perspective on the mechanism for superconductivity. More specifically, it opens up possibilities for investigation of structure/properties in a new class of materials. With the exceptions of the cuprate and C{sub 60} families of compounds, MgB{sub 2} possesses the highest superconducting transition temperature T{sub c}. Its superconductivity appears to follow the BCS theory, apparently being mediated by electron-phonon coupling. The coherence length of MgB{sub 2} is reported to be longer than that of the cuprates [2]. In contrast to the cuprates, grain boundaries are strongly coupled and current density is determined by flux pinning [2,3]. Presently, samples of MgB{sub 2} commonly display inhomogeneity and porosity on the nanoscale, and are untextured. In spite of these obstacles, magnetization and transport measurements show that polycrystalline samples may carry large current densities circulating across many grains [3,4]. Very high values of critical current densities and critical fields have been recently observed in thin films [5,6]. These attributes suggest possible large scale and electronic applications. The underlying microstructure can be intriguing, both in terms of basic science and in applied areas. Subsequent to the discovery, many papers were published [1-13], most dealing with synthesis, physical properties, and theory. There have yet been few studies of microstructure and structural defects [11, 14]. A thorough understanding of practical superconducting properties can only be developed after an understanding of microstructure is gained. In this work we review transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of sintered MgB{sub 2} pellets [14]. Structural defects, including second phase particles, dislocations, stacking faults, and grain boundaries, are analyzed using electron diffraction, electron-energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), high resolution imaging, and structural modeling.

ZHU,Y.; LI,Q.; WU,L.; VOLKOV,V.; GU,G.; MOODENBAUGH,A.R.

2001-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

138

Fabrication and Characterization of Fully Ceramic Microencapsulated Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The current generation of fully ceramic microencapsulated fuels, consisting of Tristructural Isotropic fuel particles embedded in a silicon carbide matrix, is fabricated by hot pressing. Matrix powder feedstock is comprised of alumina - yttria additives thoroughly mixed with silicon carbide nanopowder using polyethyleneimine as a dispersing agent. Fuel compacts are fabricated by hot pressing the powder - fuel particle mixture at a temperature of 1800-1900 C using compaction pressures of 10-20 MPa. Detailed microstructural characterization of the final fuel compacts shows that oxide additives are limited in extent and are distributed uniformly at silicon carbide grain boundaries, at triple joints between silicon carbide grains, and at the fuel particle-matrix interface.

Terrani, Kurt A [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL; Katoh, Yutai [ORNL; Shimoda, Kazuya [Kyoto University, Japan; Montgomery, Fred C [ORNL; Armstrong, Beth L [ORNL; Parish, Chad M [ORNL; Hinoki, Tatsuya [Kyoto University, Japan; Hunn, John D [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

A Toy Model Study of Decay Trapping | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Toy Model Study of Decay Trapping, reported by Brett Parker A Toy Model Study of Decay Trapping, reported by Brett Parker Introduction A group from the BNL Superconducting Magnet Division is looking at various options for dipole magnets which would be suitable for use in a muon storage ring that is used as a neutrino factory. Since the useful neutrino beams from a neutrino factory come from straight sections it is desirable to minimize the rings arc circumference, in relation to straight section length, in order to ensure that the fraction of muons which decay in the straight section is as large as possible. Therefore superconducting magnets, with higher B-fields and smaller bend radii, are reasonable to consider for this application. Unfortunately the decay electrons generated along with the neutrinos carry on average about a third of the original

140

Electron Capture in a Fully Ionized Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properties of fully ionized water plasmas are discussed including plasma charge density oscillations and the screening of the Coulomb law especially in the dilute classical Debye regime. A kinetic model with two charged particle scattering events determines the transition rate per unit time for electron capture by a nucleus with the resulting nuclear transmutations. Two corrections to the recent Maiani et al. calculations are made: (i) The Debye screening length is only employed within its proper domain of validity. (ii) The WKB approximation employed by Maiani in the long De Broglie wave length limit is evidently invalid. We replace this incorrect approximation with mathematically rigorous Calogero inequalities in order to discuss the scattering wave functions. Having made these corrections, we find a verification for our previous results based on condensed matter electro-weak quantum field theory for nuclear transmutations in chemical batteries.

A. Widom; J. Swain; Y. N. Srivastava

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

e Lens Solenoid | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Lens Solenoid Electron Lens Solenoid To increase the proton beam luminosity in RHIC, an electron lens (e-lens) magnet system with two superconducting solenoids is being built at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Initial Design of 200 mm, 6T Superconducting Solenoid for e-lens (pdf), R. Gupta, 3/30/10 Iterated Design of 200 mm, 6T Superconducting Solenoid for e-lens (pdf), R. Gupta, 4/6/10 Corrector Designs for Superconducting Solenoid for e-lens (pdf), R. Gupta, 4/14/10 eLens Layout (pdf), P. Kovach, 5/25/10 eLens Main Solenoid (pdf), A. Marone, 5/25/10 Optimization in Corrector Design for Superconducting Solenoid for e-Lens (pdf), R. Gupta, 6/15/10 Main Solenoid Axial Force Retention (pdf), A. Marone 8/24/10 Superconducting Solenoid for e-lens with Fringe Field Coil (pdf), R.

142

Superconducting Cable Having A Felexible Former  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

Hughey, Raburn L. (Franklin, GA); Sinha, Uday K. (Carrollton, GA); Reece, David S. (Carrollton, GA); Muller, Albert C. (Eidson, TN)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Superconducting Cable Having A Flexible Former  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

Hughey, Raburn L. (Franklin, GA); Sinha, Uday K. (Carrollton, GA); Reece, David S. (Carrollton, GA); Muller, Albert C. (Eidson, TN)

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

Friction domination with superconducting strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the evolution of a superconducting string network with arbitrary, constant string current in the friction dominated regime. In the absence of an external magnetic field the network always reaches a scaling solution. However, for string current stronger than a critical value, it is different than the usual horizon scaling of the nonsuperconducting string case. In this case the friction domination era never ends. Whilst the superconducting string network can be much denser than usually assumed, it can never dominate the universe energy density. It can, however, influence the cosmic microwave background radiation and the formation of large scale structure. When embedded in a primordial magnetic field of sufficient strength, the network never reaches scaling and, thus, eventually dominates the universe evolution.

Konstantinos Dimopoulos and Anne-Christine Davis

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Coherence effects in hole superconductivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the behavior of various observables that depend on matrix elements of operators in the superconducting state within the model of hole superconductivity. In this model, the gap exhibits a linear dependence on the band energy, and the bandwidth depends on the carrier concentration and can become very small for low hole density. We study, in particular, the behavior of ultrasonic attenuation, NMR relaxation rate, and electromagnetic absorption, and present results for parameters expected to be in the range that describes the high-Tc oxides. It is found that the energy dependence of the gap does not give rise to qualitatively different behavior, but significant differences from weak-coupling BCS behavior occur at low hole concentration due to the extreme narrowness of the band.

F. Marsiglio and J. E. Hirsch

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Static forces in a superconducting magnet bearing  

SciTech Connect

Static levitation forces and stiffnesses in a superconducting bearing consisting of concentric ring magnets and a superconducting YBaCuO ring are investigated. In the field-cooled mode a levitation force of 20 N has been achieved. The axial and radial stiffnesses have values of 15 N/mm and 10 N/mm, respectively. An arrangement with two bearings supporting a high speed shaft is now under development. A possible application of superconducting magnetic bearings is flywheels for energy storage.

Stoye, P.; Fuchs, G. [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung, Dresden (Germany)] [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung, Dresden (Germany); Gawalek, W.; Goernert, P. [Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany)] [Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany); Gladun, A. [Technische Univ., Dresden (Germany)] [Technische Univ., Dresden (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Superconductive articles including cerium oxide layer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic superconductor comprising a metal oxide substrate, a ceramic high temperature superconductive material, and a intermediate layer of a material having a cubic crystal structure, said layer situated between the substrate and the superconductive material is provided, and a structure for supporting a ceramic superconducting material is provided, said structure comprising a metal oxide substrate, and a layer situated over the surface of the substrate to substantially inhibit interdiffusion between the substrate and a ceramic superconducting material deposited upon said structure. 7 figures.

Wu, X.D.; Muenchausen, R.E.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

148

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Applied Superconductivity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

viable present materials for superconducting application to electric power transmission lines, fault current limiters, transformers, electromagnets and motors. UW-Madison has...

149

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Applied Superconductivity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

viable present materials for superconducting application to electric power transmission lines, fault current limiters, transformers, electromagnets and motors. Coated Conductors We...

150

Testing gravitational physics with superconducting gravimeters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting gravimeters are the most sensitive instruments to measure surface gravity changes at low frequencies. Currently, about twenty five superconducting gravimeters are operating in the world and their global network has been developed. We investigate possible applications of the superconducting gravimeters to tests of gravitational physics. Previous experimental searches for spatial anisotropies in the gravitational constant G and for gravitational waves, performed with gravimeters in 1960's to 1970's, can be improved by applications of the current superconducting gravimeters. Also, we describe other proposed applications of testing the universality of free-fall and searching for composition-dependent dilatonic waves, and discuss future works necessary for these geophysical tests.

Sachie Shiomi

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

151

Summary of Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) has become one of the forefront topics of current-limiting technology in the world. In this...

Linmang Wang; Pengzan Jiang; Dada Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators | Advanced Superconducting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Test Accelerator is America's only test bed for cutting-edge particle beams and for accelerator research aimed at Intensity Frontier proton accelerators. ASTA...

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic superconducting properties...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the Superconductivity Group Background|: i) Experiments... in high-magnetic-fields: Members of the superconductivity group in Durham have published arguably the most......

154

Study of Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Using Saturated Magnetic Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a saturated magnetic core superconducting current limiter (SCSFCL) operation simulation results using finite element technique. The superconducting current limiter uses BSCCO tape to produce m...

F. Fajoni; E. Ruppert; C. A. Baldan…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Quantum transport and field-induced superconductivity in carbon nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? For my thesis, I conducted experiments to investigate superconductivity and superconducting proximity effect in carbon nanotubes. The measurements are carried out on carbon nanotube… (more)

Yang, Yanfei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Magnetism and superconductivity observed to exist in harmony  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetism and superconductivity exist in harmony Magnetism and superconductivity observed to exist in harmony Physicists have observed, for the first time in a single exotic phase,...

157

Shock-induced synthesis of high temperature superconducting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It has now been determined that the unique features of the high pressure shock method, especially the shock-induced chemical synthesis technique, are fully applicable to high temperature superconducting materials. Extraordinarily high yields are achievable in accordance with this invention, e.g., generally in the range from about 20% to about 99%, often in the range from about 50% to about 90%, lower and higher yields, of course, also being possible. The method of this invention involves the application of a controlled high pressure shock compression pulse which can be produced in any conventional manner, e.g., by detonation of a high explosive material, the impact of a high speed projectile or the effect of intense pulsed radiation sources such as lasers or electron beams. Examples and a discussion are presented.

Ginley, D.S.; Graham, R.A.; Morosin, B.; Venturini, E.L.

1987-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

158

Interplay of superconductivity, magnetism, and density waves in rare-earth tritellurides and iron-based superconducting materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3. Magnetism in Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV Superconductivity and Magnetism in Iron-PnictideIII Superconductivity, Magnetism and Charge-Density Waves in

Zocco, Diego Andrés

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Design of a horizontal test cryostat for superconducting RF cavities for the FREIA facility at Uppsala University  

SciTech Connect

Uppsala University is constructing a large scale facility, called FREIA (Facility for Research Instrumentation and Accelerator Development). FREIA includes a helium liquefier and an accelerator test facility and has the capacity to test superconducting radio-frequency (RF) cavities with the same RF system and RF power level as in an accelerator. A central element of FREIA is a horizontal test cryostat connected in closed loop to a helium liquefier. This cryostat can house two fully equipped (tuners, piezo, power coupler, helium tank) superconducting cavities to perform full RF high power tests and operate at temperatures between 1.8 K and 4.2 K. The cryostat is designed to accommodate a large array of superconducting cavities and magnets, among which the European Spallation Source (ESS) type spoke and high-? elliptical cavities as well as TESLA/ILC type elliptical cavities. The present status of the project and the design of the cryostat are reported.

Chevalier, N. R.; Thermeau, J.-P.; Bujard, P.; Junquera, T. [Accelerators and Cryogenic Systems (ACS), 86 rue de Paris, 91400 Orsay (France); Hermansson, L.; Kern, R. Santiago; Ruber, R. [Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 75120 Uppsala (Sweden)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

160

Superconducting Coil fed by PEM Fuel Cell M. Hinaje, K. Berger, J. Lvque, B. Davat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting Coil fed by PEM Fuel Cell M. Hinaje, K. Berger, J. Lévêque, B. Davat Université de, 54516 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France Melika.Hinaje@univ-lorraine.fr Abstract- Fuel cells and around 0.6 V in nominal conditions of power generation. Fuel cells are then by essence low voltage

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Quantum logic gates for superconducting resonator qudits  

SciTech Connect

We study quantum information processing using superpositions of Fock states in superconducting resonators as quantum d-level systems (qudits). A universal set of single and coupled logic gates is theoretically proposed for resonators coupled by superconducting circuits of Josephson junctions. These gates use experimentally demonstrated interactions and provide an attractive route to quantum information processing using harmonic oscillator modes.

Strauch, Frederick W. [Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts 01267 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Cellulose-Bound Magnesium Diboride Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cellulose-Bound Magnesium Diboride Superconductivity Y.L. Lin and M.O. Pekguleryuz Department Canada Abstract--Two-phase superconductor tapes were produced by blending high purity magnesium diboride junctions. I. INTRODUCTION Magnesium diboride was found to be superconducting in 2001 by Nagamatsu et al. [1

Ryan, Dominic

163

Microcalorimeter Magnetic Sensor Geometries Using Superconducting Elements  

SciTech Connect

We describe a numerical code developed to estimate performance of magnetic microcalorimeter configurations, including superconducting elements and SQUID characteristics. We present results of a preliminary design analysis showing that composite sensors with both superconducting and paramagnetic elements should realize substantial gains in magnetic flux signal per magnetization change of the paramagnet, compared to sensors containing only paramagnet.

Boyd, S. T. P. [University of New Mexico, MSC07 4220, Albuquerque NM 87131-0001 (United States); Cantor, R. H. [STAR Cryoelectronics, 25-A Bisbee Ct., Santa Fe NM 87508-1338 (United States)

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

164

Cryogenic structural materials for superconducting magnets  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews research in the United States and Japan on structural materials for high-field superconducting magnets. Superconducting magnets are used for magnetic fusion energy devices and for accelerators that are used in particle-physics research. The cryogenic structural materials that we review are used for magnet cases and support structures. We expect increased materials requirements in the future.

Dalder, E.N.C.; Morris, J.W. Jr.

1985-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

165

Superconductivity program for electric systems, Superconductivity Technology Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, annual progress report for fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect

Development of high-temperature superconductors (HTS) has undergone tremendous progress during the past year. Kilometer tape lengths and associated magnets based on BSCCO materials are now commercially available from several industrial partners. Superconducting properties in the exciting YBCO coated conductors continue to be improved over longer lengths. The Superconducting Partnership Initiative (SPI) projects to develop HTS fault current limiters and transmission cables have demonstrated that HTS prototype applications can be produced successfully with properties appropriate for commercial applications. Research and development activities at LANL related to the HTS program for Fiscal Year 1997 are collected in this report. LANL continues to support further development of Bi2223 and Bi2212 tapes in collaboration with American Superconductor Corporation (ASC) and Oxford Superconductivity Technology, Inc. (OSTI), respectively. The tape processing studies involving novel thermal treatments and microstructural characterization have assisted these companies in commercializing these materials. The research on second-generation YBCO-coated conductors produced by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) over buffer template layers produced by ion beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) continues to lead the world. The applied physics studies of magnetic flux pinning by proton and heavy ion bombardment of BSCCO and YBCO tapes have provided many insights into improving the behavior of these materials in magnetic fields. Sections 4 to 7 of this report contain a list of 29 referred publications and 15 conference abstracts, a list of patent and license activities, and a comprehensive list of collaborative agreements in progress and completed.

Willis, J.O.; Newnam, B.E. [eds.; Peterson, D.E.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Molybdenum-rhenium superconducting suspended nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

Suspended superconducting nanostructures of MoRe 50%/50% by weight are fabricated employing commonly used fabrication steps in micro- and nano-meter scale devices followed by wet-etching with Hydro-fluoric acid of a SiO{sub 2} sacrificial layer. Suspended superconducting channels as narrow as 50?nm and length 3??m have a critical temperature of ?6.5?K, which can increase by 0.5?K upon annealing at 400?°C. A detailed study of the dependence of the superconducting critical current and critical temperature upon annealing and in devices with different channel widths reveals that desorption of contaminants is responsible for the improved superconducting properties. These findings pave the way for the development of superconducting electromechanical devices using standard fabrication techniques.

Aziz, Mohsin; Christopher Hudson, David; Russo, Saverio [Centre for Graphene Science, College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF (United Kingdom)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

167

Superconducting gravity gradiometers for underground target recognition. Final report  

SciTech Connect

One of the most formidable intelligence challenges existing in the non-proliferation community is the detection of buried targets. The physical parameter that all buried targets share, whether the target is buried armaments, a tunnel or a bunker, is mass. In the case of buried armaments, there is an excess mass (higher density) compared to the surrounding area; for a tunnel or bunker, the mass is missing. In either case, this difference in mass generates a distinct gravitational signature. The Superconducting Gravity Gradiometer project at Sandia worked toward developing an airborne device for the detection of these underground structures.

Adriaans, M.J.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Type-1.5 Superconductivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate the existence of a novel superconducting state in high quality two-component MgB2 single crystalline superconductors where a unique combination of both type-1 (?1/?11/2) superconductor conditions is realized for the two components of the order parameter. This condition leads to a vortex-vortex interaction attractive at long distances and repulsive at short distances, which stabilizes unconventional stripe- and gossamerlike vortex patterns that we have visualized in this type-1.5 superconductor using Bitter decoration and also reproduced in numerical simulations.

Victor Moshchalkov; Mariela Menghini; T. Nishio; Q. H. Chen; A. V. Silhanek; V. H. Dao; L. F. Chibotaru; N. D. Zhigadlo; J. Karpinski

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Microelectronic superconducting crossover and coil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microelectronic component comprising a crossover is provided comprising a substrate, a first high T[sub c] superconductor thin film, a second insulating thin film comprising SrTiO[sub 3]; and a third high T[sub c] superconducting film which has strips which crossover one or more areas of the first superconductor film. An in situ method for depositing all three films on a substrate is provided which does not require annealing steps and which can be opened to the atmosphere between depositions. 13 figures.

Wellstood, F.C.; Kingston, J.J.; Clarke, J.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Superconductivity in primitive hexagonal germanium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a first-principles calculation of the electron-phonon coupling constant ? (mass enchancement parameter) for the primitive hexagonal, high-pressure structural phase of Ge (75 GPa?p?105 GPa). Using the calculated value of ?, we estimate the superconducting transition temperature Tc to be in the range of 2 to 7 K. We discuss the contributions to ? from the different phonon modes and its dependence on the phonon frequency, electron-phonon matrix elements, and Fermi-surface nesting. The results are compared with previous calculations for primitive hexagonal Si.

Jose Luis Martins and Marvin L. Cohen

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Flywheel energy storage using superconducting magnetic bearings  

SciTech Connect

Storage of electrical energy on a utility scale is currently not practicable for most utilities, preventing the full utilization of existing base-load capacity. A potential solution to this problem is Flywheel Energy Storage (FES), made possible by technological developments in high-temperature superconducting materials. Commonwealth Research Corporation (CRC), the research arm of Commonwealth Edison Company, and Argonne National Laboratory are implementing a demonstration project to advance the state of the art in high temperature superconductor (HTS) bearing performance and the overall demonstration of efficient Flywheel Energy Storage. Currently, electricity must be used simultaneously with its generation as electrical energy storage is not available for most utilities. Existing storage methods either are dependent on special geography, are too expensive, or are too inefficient. Without energy storage, electric utilities, such as Commonwealth Edison Company, are forced to cycle base load power plants to meet load swings in hourly customer demand. Demand can change by as much as 30% over a 12-hour period and result in significant costs to utilities as power plant output is adjusted to meet these changes. HTS FES systems can reduce demand-based power plant cycling by storing unused nighttime capacity until it is needed to meet daytime demand.

Abboud, R.G. [Commonwealth Research Corp., Chicago, IL (United States); Uherka, K.; Hull, J.; Mulcahy, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The LHC Superconducting RF System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN), the largest high energy physics laboratory worldwide, is constructing the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the existing 27 km circumference LEP (Large Electron Positron) collider tunnel. For the LHC, superconducting cavities, operating at 4.5 K, will provide the required acceleration field for ramping the beam energy up to 7 TeV and for keeping the colliding proton beams tightly bunched. Superconducting cavities were chosen, not only because of their high acceleration field leading to a small contribution to the machine impedance, but also because of their high stored energy which minimises the effects of periodic transient beam loading associated with the high beam intensity (0.5 A). There will be eight single-cell cavities per beam, each delivering 2 MV (5.3 MV/m) at 400 MHz. The cavities themselves are now being manufactured by industrial firms, using niobium on copper technology which gives full satisfaction at LEP. A complete cavity prototype assembly in...

Boussard, Daniel

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Fully Automated Radiation Hardened by Design Circuit Construction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A fully automated logic design methodology for radiation hardened by design (RHBD) high speed logic using fine grained triple modular redundancy (TMR) is presented. The… (more)

Hindman, Nathan David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Hybrid Molten Salt Reactor (HMSR): Method and System to fully...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Molten Salt Reactor (HMSR): Method and System to fully fission actinides for electric power production without fuel enrichment, fabrication, or reprocessing A method for...

175

FUNWAVE-TVD FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUNWAVE-TVD FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL WITH TVD SOLVER DOCUMENTATION AND USER'S MANUAL a new version of the fully nonlinear Boussinesq wave model (FUN- WAVE) initially developed by Kirby et of surfzone-scale optical properties in a Boussinesq model framework, and modeling of Tsunami wave in both

Kirby, James T.

176

TSUNAMI BENCHMARK RESULTS FOR FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TSUNAMI BENCHMARK RESULTS FOR FULLY NONLINEAR BOUSSINESQ WAVE MODEL FUNWAVE-TVD, VERSION 1 of the Boussinesq model FUNWAVE- TVD, carried out in conjunction with the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program.3 Conservative form of fully nonlinear Boussinesq equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 Numerical schemes

Kirby, James T.

177

Towards Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this space has focused on finding missing sanitizers and was performed on relatively small ap- plicationsTowards Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers Benjamin Livshits Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers Benjamin Livshits Microsoft Research

Livshits, Ben

178

Design and Control of a Fully Automated Vehicle door  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the research was to develop a fully automated vehicle car door that can detect any object obstructing its path during operation. A fully automated door concept has not yet been implemented in the car industry. The door, operated via...

Hong, Kyung-Min

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

179

RHIC Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Project RHIC Project The Superconducting Magnet Division supplied 1740 magnetic elements, in 888 cryostats, for the RHIC facility at BNL. Of these, 780 magnetic elements were manufactured by Northrop-Grumman (Bethpage, NY) and 360 were made by Everson Electric (Bethlehem, PA). The magnets made in industry used designs developed at BNL. The first cooldown of the magnets for the RHIC engineering run was in 1999. Since then, the magnets have operated very reliably. arc dipole coil and yoke Arc dipole coil and yoke, with magnetic flux lines The magnets provide modest field (3.45 Teslas in the arc dipoles) in a cost-effective design. Key features in the principal bending and focusing magnets include the use of NbTi Rutherford cable, a single-layer coil, and cold iron as both yoke and collar. The magnets operate in forced-flow

180

Superconducting Magnet Division | Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Magnet Division Superconducting Magnet Division Home Production & Testing LHC Dipole Acceptance APUL Schedule (pdf) Projects Main Projects HTS Magnet Program High Field Magnet R&D Linear Collider Final Focus e Lens Solenoid Correctors for J-PARC Correctors for SuperKEKB IR Magnets LARP APUL Past Projects BEPC-II IR Quadrupoles Bio-Med Variable Field MRI GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Helical Magnets HERA upgrade LHC IR Dipoles RHIC Publications Search Publications Selected Cryogenic Data Notebook Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and Accelerators Meetings & Workshops Safety Environmental, Safety & Health ES&H Documents Lockout-Tagout Personnel Staff Pages Ramesh Gupta Brett Parker Peter Wanderer Pe ter Wanderer, head of Brookhaven's Superconducting Magnet Division,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Near-zero modes in superconducting graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vortices in the simplest superconducting state of graphene contain very-low-energy excitations whose existence is connected to an index theorem that applies strictly to an approximate form of the relevant Bogoliubov–de ...

Ghaemi, Pouyan

182

New Advances in SuperConducting Materials  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Superconducting materials will transform the world's electrical infrastructure, saving billions of dollars once the technical details and installation are in place. At Los Alamos National Laboratory, new materials science concepts are bringing this essential technology closer to widespread industrial use.

None

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

183

Superconducting technology program Sandia 1996 annual report  

SciTech Connect

Sandia`s Superconductivity Technology Program is a thallium-based high-temperature superconductor (HTS) research and development program consisting of efforts in powder synthesis and process development, open-system thick film conductor development, wire and tape fabrication, and HTS motor design. The objective of this work is to develop high-temperature superconducting conductors (wire and tape) capable of meeting requirements for high-power electrical devices of interest to industry. The research efforts currently underway are: (1) Process development and characterization of thallium-based high-temperature superconducting closed system wire and tape, (2) Investigation of the synthesis and processing of thallium-based thick films using two-zone processing, and (3) Cryogenic design of a 30K superconducting motor. This report outlines the research that has been performed during FY96 in each of these areas.

Roth, E.P.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Superconductivity for electric power systems: Program overview  

SciTech Connect

Largely due to government and private industry partnerships, electric power applications based upon high-temperature superconductivity are now being designed and tested only seven years after the discovery of the high-temperature superconductors. These applications offer many benefits to the national electric system including: increased energy efficiency, reduced equipment size, reduced emissions, increased stability/reliability, deferred expansion, and flexible electricity dispatch/load management. All of these benefits have a common outcome: lower electricity costs and improved environmental quality. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsors research and development through its Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems. This program will help develop the technology needed for U.S. industries to commercialize high-temperature superconductive electric power applications. DOE envisions that by 2010 the U.S. electric power systems equipment industry will regain a major share of the global market by offering superconducting products that outperform the competition.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Armored spring-core superconducting cable and method of construction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An armored spring-core superconducting cable (12) is provided. The armored spring-core superconducting cable (12) may include a spring-core (20), at least one superconducting strand (24) wound onto the spring-core (20), and an armored shell (22) that encases the superconducting strands (24). The spring-core (20) is generally a perforated tube that allows purge gases and cryogenic liquids to be circulated through the armored superconducting cable (12), as well as managing the internal stresses within the armored spring-core superconducting cable (12). The armored shell (22) manages the external stresses of the armored spring-core superconducting cable (12) to protect the fragile superconducting strands (24). The armored spring-core superconducting cable (12) may also include a conductive jacket (34) formed outwardly of the armored shell (22).

McIntyre, Peter M. (611 Montclair, College Station, TX 77840); Soika, Rainer H. (1 Hensel, #X4C, College Station, TX 77840)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Architecture for high critical current superconducting tapes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improvements in critical current capacity for superconducting film structures are disclosed and include the use of, e.g., multilayer YBCO structures where individual YBCO layers are separated by a layer of an insulating material such as CeO.sub.2 and the like, a layer of a conducting material such as strontium ruthenium oxide and the like or by a second superconducting material such as SmBCO and the like.

Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Dissipative hydride precipitates in superconducting niobium cavities  

SciTech Connect

We report the first direct observation of the microstructural features exhibiting RF losses at high surface magnetic fields of above 100 mT in field emission free superconducting niobium cavities. The lossy areas were identified by advanced thermometry. Surface investigations using different techniques were carried out on cutout samples from lossy areas and showed the presence of dendritic niobium hydrides. This finding has possible implications to the mechanisms of RF losses in superconducting niobium at all field levels.

Romanenko, A.; Cooley, L.D.; /Fermilab; Ciovati, G.; / /Jefferson Lab; Wu, G.; /Argonne

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Two pairing parameters in superconducting grains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unlike bulk superconductivity, where one energy scale, the energy gap, characterizes pairing correlations, we show that in small superconducting grains there exist two different such quantities. The first characterizes collective properties of the grain, such as the condensation energy, and the second single-particle properties. To describe these two energy scales, we define two corresponding pairing parameters, and show that although both reduce to the bulk gap for large grains, this occurs at different size scales.

M. Schechter; J. von Delft; Y. Imry; Y. Levinson

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

189

Numerical study of natural convection in fully open tilted cavities  

SciTech Connect

A numerical simulation of two-dimensional laminar natural convection in a fully open tilted square cavity with an isothermally heated back wall is conducted. The remaining two walls of the cavity are adiabatic. Steady-state solutions are presented for Grashof numbers between 10{sup 2} and 10{sup 5} and for tilt angles ranging from {minus}60{degree} to 90{degree} (where 90{degree} represents a cavity with the opening facing down). The fluid properties are assumed to be constant except for the density variation with temperature that gives rise to the buoyancy forces, which is treated by the Boussinesq approximation. The fluid concerned is air with Prandtl number fixed at 0.71. The governing equations are expressed in a normalized primitive variables formulation. Numerical predictions of the velocity and temperature fields are obtained using the finite-volume-based power law (SIMPLER: Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations Revised) algorithm. For a vertical open cavity ({alpha} = 0{degree}), the algorithm generated results that were in good agreement with those previously published. Flow patterns and isotherms are shown in order to give a better understanding of the heat transfer and flow mechanisms inside the cavity. Effects of the controlling parameters-Grashof number and tilt angle-on the heat transfer (average Nusselt number) are presented and analyzed. The results also revealed that the open-cavity Nusselt number approaches the flat-plate solution when either Grashof number or tilt angle increases. In addition, a correlation of the Nusselt number in terms of the Grashof number and tilt angle is developed and presented; a comparison is made with available data from other literature.

Elsayed, M.M.; Al-Najem, N.M.; El-Refaee, M.M.; Noor, A.A.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Superconductivity, May 8-11, 2006  

SciTech Connect

As an energy carrier, electricity has no rival with regard to its environmental cleanliness, flexibility in interfacing with multiple production sources and end uses, and efficiency of delivery. In fact, the electric power grid was named ?the greatest engineering achievement of the 20th century? by the National Academy of Engineering. This grid, a technological marvel ingeniously knitted together from local networks growing out from cities and rural centers, may be the biggest and most complex artificial system ever built. However, the growing demand for electricity will soon challenge the grid beyond its capability, compromising its reliability through voltage fluctuations that crash digital electronics, brownouts that disable industrial processes and harm electrical equipment, and power failures like the North American blackout in 2003 and subsequent blackouts in London, Scandinavia, and Italy in the same year. The North American blackout affected 50 million people and caused approximately $6 billion in economic damage over the four days of its duration. Superconductivity offers powerful new opportunities for restoring the reliability of the power grid and increasing its capacity and efficiency. Superconductors are capable of carrying current without loss, making the parts of the grid they replace dramatically more efficient. Superconducting wires carry up to five times the current carried by copper wires that have the same cross section, thereby providing ample capacity for future expansion while requiring no increase in the number of overhead access lines or underground conduits. Their use is especially attractive in urban areas, where replacing copper with superconductors in power-saturated underground conduits avoids expensive new underground construction. Superconducting transformers cut the volume, weight, and losses of conventional transformers by a factor of two and do not require the contaminating and flammable transformer oils that violate urban safety codes. Unlike traditional grid technology, superconducting fault current limiters are smart. They increase their resistance abruptly in response to overcurrents from faults in the system, thus limiting the overcurrents and protecting the grid from damage. They react fast in both triggering and automatically resetting after the overload is cleared, providing a new, self-healing feature that enhances grid reliability. Superconducting reactive power regulators further enhance reliability by instantaneously adjusting reactive power for maximum efficiency and stability in a compact and economic package that is easily sited in urban grids. Not only do superconducting motors and generators cut losses, weight, and volume by a factor of two, but they are also much more tolerant of voltage sag, frequency instabilities, and reactive power fluctuations than their conventional counterparts. The challenge facing the electricity grid to provide abundant, reliable power will soon grow to crisis proportions. Continuing urbanization remains the dominant historic demographic trend in the United States and in the world. By 2030, nearly 90% of the U.S. population will reside in cities and suburbs, where increasingly strict permitting requirements preclude bringing in additional overhead access lines, underground cables are saturated, and growth in power demand is highest. The power grid has never faced a challenge so great or so critical to our future productivity, economic growth, and quality of life. Incremental advances in existing grid technology are not capable of solving the urban power bottleneck. Revolutionary new solutions are needed ? the kind that come only from superconductivity.

Sarrao, J.; Kwok, W-K; Bozovic, I.; Mazin, I.; Seamus, J. C.; Civale, L.; Christen, D.; Horwitz, J.; Kellogg, G.; Finnemore, D.; Crabtree, G.; Welp, U.; Ashton, C.; Herndon, B.; Shapard, L.; Nault, R. M.

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

191

The superconducting spin valve and triplet superconductivity I.A. Garifullin a,n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The superconducting spin valve and triplet superconductivity I.A. Garifullin a,n , P.V. Leksin s t r a c t A review of our recent results on the spin valve effect is presented. We have used coefficient DF and the exchange splitting I of the conduction band in the F layer [1]. For pure Fe the value

Fominov, Yakov

192

Introduction to progress and promise of superconductivity for energy storage in the electric power sector  

SciTech Connect

Around the world, many groups conduct research, development and demonstration (RD and D) to make storage an economic option for the electric power sector. The progress and prospects for the application of superconductivity, with emphasis on high-temperature superconductivity, to the electric power sector has been the topic of an IEA Implementing Agreement, begun in 1990. The present Task members are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the US. As a result of the Implementing Agreement, work has been done by the Operating Agent with the full participation of all the member countries. This work has facilitated the exchange of informtion among experts in all countries and has documented relevant assessments. Further, this work has reviewed the status of SMES and is now updating same, as well as investigating the progress on and prospects for flywheels with superconducting bearings. The Operating Agent and Task members find a substantially different set of opportunities for and alternatives to storage than was the case before the 1987 discovery of high-temperature superconductivity. Beside the need to level generation, there is also the need to level the load on transmission lines, increase transmission stability, and increase power quality. These needs could be addressed by high power storage that could be brought in and out of the grid in fractions of a second. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage and flywheels with superconducting bearings are devices that deserve continued RD and D because they promise to be the needed storage devices.

Wolsky, A.M.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

775 Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering P. A systems developed specifically for neutron scattering environ- ments. The refrigerators are completely relatively recently however, the lowest temperatures available in almost all neutron scattering laboratories

Boyer, Edmond

194

Fully kinetic modeling of a divergent cusped-field thruster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fully kinetic, particle-in-cell plasma simulation tool has been incrementally developed by members of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Space Propulsion Laboratory. Adapting this model to simulate the performance ...

Gildea, Stephen Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Wavelet filter analysis of splitting and coupling of seismic normal modes below 1.5 mHz with superconducting gravimeter records after the December 26, 2004 Sumatra earthquake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New generation superconducting gravimeters (SGs), which have been demonstrated to be better than the best seismometers STS-1 at frequencies below 1 mHz, can be accepted as the quietest vertical seismometers fo...

Xiaogang Hu; Lintao Liu; Heping Sun; Houze Xu…

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A hybrid superconducting fault current limiter for enhancing transient stability in Korean power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Additional power generation sites have been limited in Korea, despite the fact load demands are gradually increasing. In order to meet these increasing demands, Korea’s power system company has begun constructing new generators at existing sites. Thus, multi-unit plants can create problems in terms of transient stability when a large disturbance occurs. This paper proposes a hybrid superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) application to enhance the transient stability of multi-unit power plants. \\{SFCLs\\} reduce fault currents, and limitation currents decrease the imbalance of the mechanical and electrical torque of the generators, resulting in an improvement in transient stability.

Sangsoo Seo; Seog-Joo Kim; Young-Hwan Moon; Byongjun Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Superconducting micronets: The Wheatstone bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the Ginzburg-Landau theory, a particular superconducting (sc) micronet, called the Wheatstone bridge, is studied. This planar micronet is made of two nodes connected by three thin sc wires. A magnetic field is applied perpendicularly to its plane. The sc-normal second-order phase transition is characterized by only two configurations of the order parameter: cphiA=cphiB and cphiA=-cphiB, where cphiA and cphiB are the order parameters at the nodes. For temperatures near Tc, we show that only the cphiA=cphiB configuration is admissible for fluxes near ?=n?0, where n is an integer and ?0 is the flux quantum. Finally, the exact solution of the nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equations for one-dimensional systems is numerically fitted to the boundary conditions of the Wheatstone bridge for the two configurations cphiA=cphiB and cphiA=-?B. Graphs of the Gibbs energy and of the spontaneous supercurrent, which for these two configurations is always a screening supercurrent, are given as functions of the total flux. A discontinuous transition between configurations occurs as a function of the flux.

Christine Ammann; Paul Erdös; Stephen B. Haley

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Modeling and Simulation of Resistive Superconducting Fault-Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superconducting fault-current limiters (SFCL) offer ideal performance in electrical ... simulation model for a novel resistive type superconducting fault-current limiter is proposed. This model includes the elect...

S. Nemdili; S. Belkhiat

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUCTING AND SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUCTING AND SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINES ANNE-SOPHIE BONNET propagation in the microstrip transmission lines used in microelectronics. In the first part, the case of the perfectly conducting strip. Key words. superconducting transmission lines, waveguides, spectral analysis

Ramdani, Karim - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

200

Superconducting magnets for toroidal fusion reactors  

SciTech Connect

Fusion reactors will soon be employing superconducting magnets to confine plasma in which deuterium and tritium (D-T) are fused to produce usable energy. At present there is one small confinement experiment with superconducting toroidal field (TF) coils: Tokamak 7 (T-7), in the USSR, which operates at 4 T. By 1983, six different 2.5 x 3.5-m D-shaped coils from six manufacturers in four countries will be assembled in a toroidal array in the Large Coil Test Facility (LCTF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing at fields up to 8 T. Soon afterwards ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT-P) will begin operation at Oak Ridge with superconducting TF coils. At the same time there will be tokamaks with superconducting TF coils 2 to 3 m in diameter in the USSR and France. Toroidal field strength in these machines will range from 6 to 9 T. NbTi and Nb/sub 3/Sn, bath cooling and forced flow, cryostable and metastable - various designs are being tried in this period when this new application of superconductivity is growing and maturing.

Haubenreich, P.N.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

Tapering studies for Terawatt level X-ray FELs with a superconducting undulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the tapering optimization scheme for a short period, less than two cm, superconducting undulator, and show that it can generate 4 keV X-ray pulses with peak power in excess of 1 terawatt, using LCLS electron beam parameters. We study the e?ect of undulator module length relative to the FEL gain length for continous and step-wise taper pro?les. For the optimal section length of 1.5m we study the evolution of the FEL process for two di?erent superconducting technologies NbTi and Nb3Sn. We discuss the major factors limiting the maximum output power, particle detrapping around the saturation location and time dependent detrapping due to generation and ampli?cation of sideband modes.

Emma, Claudio; Emma, Paul; Huang, Zhirong; Pellegrini, Claudio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Quantum Optics with Superconducting Circuits: From Single Photons to Schrodinger Cats  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade and a half, superconducting circuits have advanced to the point where we can generate and detect highly-entangled states, and perform universal quantum gates. Meanwhile, the coherence properties of these systems have improved more than 10,000-fold. I will describe recent experiments, such as the latest advance in coherence using a three-dimensional implementation of qubits interacting with microwave cavities, called “3D circuit QED.” The control and strong interactions possible in superconducting circuits make it possible to generate non-classical states of light, including large superpositions known as “Schrodinger cat” states. This field has many interesting prospects both for applications in quantum information processing, and fundamental investigations of the boundary between the macroscopic classical world and the microscopic world of the quantum.

Schoelkopf, Rob [Yale University

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

203

Test results for a Bi-2223 HTS racetrack coil for generator applications  

SciTech Connect

Testing, results and analysis of a Bi-2223 model superconducting generator coil produced under the DOE Superconductivity Partnership Initiative are presented. The test arrangement enables coil energization with dc and transient currents over a range of operating temperatures to explore coil performance under conditions analogous to those that would be experienced by a superconducting generator field coil. Analytical calculations of coil ac and ohmic losses and temperature rise compare well with experimental measurements. Good performance is predicted for a typical 3-phase fault condition. Coil steady state and transient performance can be predicted with confidence for full scale superconductor application.

Salasoo, L.; Herd, K.G.; Laskaris, E.T.; Hart, H.R. Jr.; Chari, M.V.K. [GE Corporate Research and Development Center, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Reflection type of terahertz imaging system using a high-T{sub c} superconducting oscillator  

SciTech Connect

A reflection type of imaging system is shown at sub-terahertz frequencies generated from high-T{sub c} superconducting intrinsic Josephson junction mesa structures fabricated by single crystalline Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+?} to demonstrate how the sub-terahertz imaging technique using monochromatic radiation is powerful and unique for the variety of practical applications. Several examples are discussed in detail and are compared to other terahertz imaging systems.

Kashiwagi, T.; Minami, H.; Kadowaki, K. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Division of Materials Science, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Nakade, K.; Saiwai, Y.; Kitamura, T.; Watanabe, C.; Ishida, K.; Sekimoto, S.; Asanuma, K.; Yasui, T.; Shibano, Y. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Markovi?, B.; Mirkovi?, J. [Faculty of Sciences, University of Montenegro, George Washington Str., 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Tsujimoto, M. [Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Yamamoto, T. [National Institute for Materials Science, Wide Bandgap Materials Group, Optical and Electronic Materials Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

205

Proximity effects in superconducting triplet spin-valve F2/F1/S  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We investigate the critical temperature Tc of F2/F1/S trilayers (Fi is a ferromagnetic metal and S is a singlet superconductor), where the long-range triplet superconducting component is generated at noncollinear magnetizations of the F layers. In this paper we demonstrate a possibility of the spin-valve effect mode selection (standard switching effect, the triplet spin-valve effect or reentrant T c ( ? ) dependence) by the variation of the F2/F1 interface transparency.

R.G. Deminov; L.R. Tagirov; R.R. Gaifullin; T.Yu. Karminskaya; M.Yu. Kupriyanov; Ya.V. Fominov; A.A. Golubov

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

RHIC Superconducting Accelerator and Electron Cooling Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Chart (PDF) Organization Chart (PDF) Accelerator R&D Division eRHIC R&D Energy Recovery Linac Photocathode R&D Superconducting RF Electron Cooling LARP Center for Accelerator Science and Education C-AD Accelerator R&D Division Superconducting RF Group Group Headed By: Sergey Belomestnykh This web site presents information on the Superconducting Accelerator and RHIC Electron Cooling Group, which is in the Accelerator R&D Division of the Collider-Accelerator Department of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Work is supported mainly by the Division of Nuclear Physics of the US Department of Energy. Upcoming Events: TBD Most recent events: 56 MHz 2nd External Review, March 8-9, 2011 External Review of the Energy Recovery Linac, February 17-18, 2010. Report of the Review Committee

207

J-PARC Correctors | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnet Construction Magnet Construction The final turn of the J-PARC extracted proton beam is a superconducting combined function magnet line. The combined function magnets are dipole cable magnets, typical of cold mass collared magnets, but have been designed to include a large component of quadrupole field. This provides both bending and focussing of the proton beam prior to target impact, where neutrinos will be produced. The BNL Superconducting Magnet Division is using its direct wind facility to produce superconducting corrector magnets to be used in conjunction with the combined function magnets. combined function magnet The first direct wind magnet set designed and fabricated is a combined function magnet with an additional skew dipole. This magnet is intended to be used within the cable collared combined function dipole used for the

208

Superconducting technology program: Sandia 1995 annual report  

SciTech Connect

Sandia`s STP program is a thallium-based high-temperature superconductor (HTS) research and development program consisting of efforts in powder synthesis and process development, open-system thick film conductor development, wire and tape fabrication, and HTS motor design. The objective of this work is to develop high-temperature superconducting conductors (wire and tape) capable of meeting requirements for high-power electrical devices of interest to industry. The research efforts currently underway are: (1) process development and characterization of thallium-based high-temperature superconducting closed system wire and tape; (2) investigation of the synthesis and processing of thallium-based thick films using two-zone processing; and (3) cryogenic design of a 30K superconducting motor. This report outlines the research that has been performed during FY95 in each of these areas.

Roth, E.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Superconductivity Materials and Technology Dept.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

A fully-integrated multi-watt permanent-magnet turbine generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy density available from batteries is increasingly becoming a limiting factor in the capabilities of portable electronics. As a result, there is a growing need for compact, high energy density sources. This thesis ...

Yen, Bernard Chih-Hsun, 1981-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Apparatus for characterizing conductivity of superconducting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for noncontact, radio-frequency shielding current characterization of materials. Self- or mutual inductance changes in one or more inductive elements, respectively, occur when materials capable of supporting shielding currents are placed in proximity thereto, or undergo change in resistivity while in place. Such changes can be observed by incorporating the inductor(s) in a resonant circuit and determining the frequency of oscillation or by measuring the voltage induced on a coupled inductive element. The present invention is useful for determining the critical temperature and superconducting transition width for superconducting samples. 10 figures.

Doss, J.D.

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

HOM Coupler Optimisation for the Superconducting RF Cavities in ESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Spallation Source (ESS) will be the world’s most powerful next generation neutron source. It consists of a linear accelerator, target, and instruments for neutron experiments. The linac is designed to accelerate protons to a ?nal energy of 2.5 GeV, with an average design beam power of 5 MW, for collision with a target used to produce a high neutron ?ux. A section of the linac will contain Superconducting RF (SCRF) cavities designed at 704 MHz. Beam induced HOMs in these cavities may drive the beam unstable and increase the cryogenic load, therefore HOM couplers are installed to provide suf?cient damping. Previous studies have shown that these couplers are susceptible to multipacting, a resonant process which can absorb RF power and lead to heating effects. This paper will show how a coupler suffering from multipacting has been redesigned to limit this effect. Optimisation of the RF damping is also discussed.

Ainsworth, R; Calaga, R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Cryogen free superconducting splittable quadrupole magnet for linear accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A new superconducting quadrupole magnet for linear accelerators was fabricated at Fermilab. The magnet is designed to work inside a cryomodule in the space between SCRF cavities. SCRF cavities must be installed inside a very clean room adding issues to the magnet design, and fabrication. The designed magnet has a splittable along the vertical plane configuration and could be installed outside of the clean room around the beam pipe previously connected to neighboring cavities. For more convenient assembly and replacement a 'superferric' magnet configuration with four racetrack type coils was chosen. The magnet does not have a helium vessel and is conductively cooled from the cryomodule LHe supply pipe and a helium gas return pipe. The quadrupole generates 36 T integrated magnetic field gradient, has 600 mm effective length, and the peak gradient is 54 T/m. In this paper the quadrupole magnetic, mechanical, and thermal designs are presented, along with the magnet fabrication overview and first test results.

Kashikhin, V.S.; Andreev, N.; Kerby, J.; Orlov, Y.; Solyak, N.; Tartaglia, M.; Velev, G.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Implications of fast radio bursts for superconducting cosmic strings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly beamed, short-duration electromagnetic bursts could be produced by superconducting cosmic string (SCS) loops oscillating in cosmic magnetic fields. We demonstrated that the basic characteristics of SCS bursts such as the electromagnetic frequency and the energy release could be consistently exhibited in the recently discovered fast radio bursts (FRBs). Moreover, it is first showed that the redshift distribution of the FRBs can also be well accounted for by the SCS burst model. Such agreements between the FRBs and SCS bursts suggest that the FRBs could originate from SCS bursts and thus they could provide an effective probe to study SCSs. The obtained values of model parameters indicate that the loops generating the FRBs have a small length scale and they are mostly formed in the radiation-dominated cosmological epoch.

Yu, Yun-Wei; Shiu, Gary; Tye, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Fully Solar-Powered Photoelectrochemical Conversion for Simultaneous Energy Storage and Chemical Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fully Solar-Powered Photoelectrochemical Conversion for Simultaneous Energy Storage and Chemical Sensing ... (15) Nonetheless, the storage and utilization of the oxidative energy carried by the photogenerated holes at the photoanodes are generally low, due to large overpotential for water oxidation, as well as the electric energy loss when driving charge carriers through multiple material interfaces and external circuits. ... In such an integrated device, the photogenerated electrons are utilized for H2 generation and holes for pseudocapacitive charging, so that both the reductive and oxidative energies are captured and converted. ...

Yongcheng Wang; Jing Tang; Zheng Peng; Yuhang Wang; Dingsi Jia; Biao Kong; Ahmed A. Elzatahry; Dongyuan Zhao; Gengfeng Zheng

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

215

Diophantine Generation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diophantine Generation, Horizontal and Vertical Problems, and the Weak Vertical Method Alexandra Shlapentokh Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Generation Diophantine Sets Diophantine Generation Properties of Diophantine Generation Diophantine Family of Z Diophantine Family of a Polynomial Ring Going Down Horizontal

Shlapentokh, Alexandra

216

Superconducting switch concept applied to superconducting undulator phase-error correction  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting undulator (SCU) technology has the potential to significantly enhance the performance of synchrotron radiation sources for storage ring and FEL applications. Since 2002, our team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been performing R and D on superconducting undulators, including the fabrication of three Nb{sub 3}Sn prototypes. We have demonstrated experimentally the possibility to provide the prototype with trim coils that could be used for phase error correction. The research effort that we report here demonstrates the possibility to add degrees of freedom to the field correction provided by these coils in a cryogenic environment. By means of bridge of superconducting switches, we can modify the current direction through a trim coil. Here we describe the design of the experimental bridge we fabricated, the results we obtained and finally the generalized concept one could plan to apply to correct the phase errors with trim coils connected to a network of superconducting bridges.

Madur, A.; Trillaud, F.; Dietderich, D.; Marks, S.; Prestemon, S.; Schlueter, R. [LBNL, 1 Cyclotron Road, BERKELEY, CA, 94720 (United States)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

217

Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in High-Temperature Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in Pseudogap and Superconducting Gap in High-Temperature Superconductors Two decades after the discovery of first high temperature superconductors, the microscopic mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity remains elusive. In conventional superconductors, it has been well established that electrons form so-called "Cooper pairs" to give rise to superconductivity. The pair binding manifests itself as an energy gap in many spectroscopic measurements. This energy gap, known as superconducting gap, appears at the superconducting transition temperature Tc where the resistance also vanishes. For high temperature superconductors, the story is more complicated. Over a wide region of compositions and temperatures, there exists an energy gap well above Tc. This energy gap is called pseudogap [1], because there is no direct correlation to the superconducting transition. The origin of this pseudogap and its relation to the superconducting gap are believed to hold the key for understanding the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity - one of the outstanding problems in condensed matter physics. In this regard, researchers Kiyohisa Tanaka and Wei-Sheng Lee, along with their co-workers in Prof. Zhi-Xun Shen's group at Stanford University, have recently made an important discovery about the coexistence of two distinct energy gaps that have opposite doping dependence. Their observation not only provides a natural explanation for the contradictory results about the superconducting gap deduced from different experimental techniques, but also has profound implications on the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity.

218

Superconducting high-pressure phases of disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Superconducting high-pressure phases of disilane 10.1073/pnas.1005242107 Xilian...DC 20015 High-pressure structures of disilane (Si2H6) are investigated extensively...linear-response calculations for Pm-3m disilane at 275 GPa show a large electron-phonon...

Xilian Jin; Xing Meng; Zhi He; Yanming Ma; Bingbing Liu; Tian Cui; Guangtian Zou; Ho-kwang Mao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Testing Gravitational Physics with Superconducting Gravimeters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......being improved in geo- physics.29),30) Therefore...would fall at different rates towards the Sun and other...Testing Gravitational Physics with Superconducting...such dilatonic waves pass the Earth, because of...tests of gravitational physics in the previous sections......

Sachie Shiomi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Flux Exclusion Superconducting Quantum Metamaterial: Towards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Recently, arrays of Josephson junction devices have been proposed as a possible solution. However-atoms containing Josephson junctions15­19 , experiments have been conducted on single superconducting qubit meta-atoms20,21 and one- dimensional Josephson junction metamaterials22 . The recently discovered class of iron

Zheludev, Nikolay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Aluminum in Superconducting Magnets Robert J. Weggel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aluminum in Superconducting Magnets Robert J. Weggel Magnet Optimization Research Engineering is aluminum, either ultrapure, as quenchstabilization matrix metal, and/or alloyed and coldworked and heat for magnets in which the stresses and strains are modest. The strongest aluminum alloy commercially available

McDonald, Kirk

222

Towards Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has fallen on the developer. However, sanitizer placement in large-scale applications is difficult in this space focuses on finding missing sanitizers and is applied to relatively small appli- cations. SeveralTowards Fully Automatic Placement of Security Sanitizers and Declassifiers Benjamin Livshits

Chong, Stephen

223

VISCOSITY SOLUTIONS OF FULLY NONLINEAR ELLIPTIC PATH DEPENDENT PDES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VISCOSITY SOLUTIONS OF FULLY NONLINEAR ELLIPTIC PATH DEPENDENT PDES ZHENJIE REN Abstract, inspired by [3], we define the viscosity solution, by using the nonlinear expectation. The paper contains , that for any bounded viscosity subsolution u1 and Key words and phrases. Path dependent PDEs, Dirichlet problem

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Honeywell fully commercializes eco-friendly blowing agent  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Honeywell Specialty Materials has fully commercialized a novel low-global-warming-potential (GWP) blowing agent for one-component foam and aerosol applications in Europe. Hydrofluoroolefin HFO-1234ze has zero ozone-depletion potential and meets European Union regulatory requirements for reducing the use of high GWP substances, the company says.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Design of A Conduction-cooled 4T Superconducting Racetrack for Multi-field Coupling Measurement System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A conduction-cooled superconducting magnet producing a transverse field of 4 Tesla has been designed for the new generation multi-field coupling measurement system, which was used to study the mechanical behavior of superconducting samples at cryogenic temperature and intense magnetic fields. Considering experimental costs and coordinating with system of strain measurements by contactless signals (nonlinear CCD optics system), the racetrack type for the coil winding was chosen in our design, and a compact cryostat with a two-stage GM cryocooler was designed and manufactured for the superconducting magnet. The magnet was composed of a pair of flat racetrack coils wound by NbTi/Cu superconducting composite wires, a copper and stainless steel combinational form and two Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy superconducting current leads. All the coils were connected in series and can be powered with a single power supply. The maximum central magnetic field is 4 T. In order to support the high stress and uniform thermal distribution in t...

Chen, Yuquan; Wu, Wei; Guan, Mingzhi; Wu, Beimin; Mei, Enming; Xin, Canjie

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

cuInspiral: prototype gravitational waves detection pipeline fully coded on GPU using CUDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we report the prototype of the first coalescing binary detection pipeline fully implemented on NVIDIA GPU hardware accelerators. The code has been embedded in a GPU library, called cuInspiral and has been developed under CUDA framework. The library contains for example a PN gravitational wave signal generator, matched filtering/FFT and detection algorithms that have been profiled and compared with the corresponding CPU code with dedicated benchmark in order to provide gain factor respect to the standard CPU implementation. In the paper we present performances and accuracy results about some of the main important elements of the pipeline, demonstrating the feasibility and the chance of obtain an impressive computing gain from these new many-core architectures in the perspective of the second and third generations of gravitational wave detectors.

Leone B. Bosi

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

227

Torsional texturing of superconducting oxide composite articles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of texturing a multifilamentary article having filaments comprising a desired oxide superconductor or its precursors by torsionally deforming the article is provided. The texturing is induced by applying a torsional strain which is at least about 0.3 and preferably at least about 0.6 at the surface of the article, but less than the strain which would cause failure of the composite. High performance multifilamentary superconducting composite articles having a plurality of low aspect ratio, twisted filaments with substantially uniform twist pitches in the range of about 1.00 inch to 0.01 inch (25 to 0.25 mm), each comprising a textured desired superconducting oxide material, may be obtained using this texturing method. If tighter twist pitches are desired, the article may be heat treated or annealed and the strain repeated as many times as necessary to obtain the desired twist pitch. It is preferred that the total strain applied per step should be sufficient to provide a twist pitch tighter than 5 times the diameter of the article, and twist pitches in the range of 1 to 5 times the diameter of the article are most preferred. The process may be used to make a high performance multifilamentary superconducting article, having a plurality of twisted filaments, wherein the degree of texturing varies substantially in proportion to the radial distance from the center of the article cross-section, and is substantially radially homogeneous at any given cross-section of the article. Round wires and other low aspect ratio multifilamentary articles are preferred forms. The invention is not dependent on the melting characteristics of the desired superconducting oxide. Desired oxide superconductors or precursors with micaceous or semi-micaceous structures are preferred. When used in connection with desired superconducting oxides which melt irreversibly, it provides multifilamentary articles that exhibit high DC performance characteristics and AC performance markedly superior to any currently available for these materials. In a preferred embodiment, the desired superconducting oxide material is BSCCO 2223.

Christopherson, Craig John (Grafton, MA); Riley, Jr., Gilbert N. (Marlborough, MA); Scudiere, John (Bolton, MA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fully relativistic theory for magnetic EXAFS: Formalism and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fully relativistic theory for magnetic extended x-ray absorption fine structure is presented that is based on the Dirac equation for spin-polarized systems and relativistic multiple scattering theory. This scheme not only allows one to treat spin polarization and all relativistic effects on the same level but can also be applied to go beyond the standard muffin-tin construction by using nonspherical potentials. To illustrate the application of the presented fully relativistic scheme, results for the K-edge spectra of Ni in fcc Ni and the L2,3 edges of Pt in fcc Fe3Pt are presented. A very simple and convincing interpretation of the corresponding dichroic spectra is given on the basis of the differential form of the so-called sum rules.

H. Ebert, V. Popescu, and D. Ahlers

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

General Relativity as a fully singular Lagrange system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present some gauge conditions to eliminate all second time derivative terms in the vierbein forms of the ten Einstein equations of general relativity; at the same time, we present the corresponding Lagrangian in which there is not any quadratic term of first time derivative that can leads to those vierbein forms of the Einstein equations without second time derivative term by the corresponding Euler-Lagrange equations. General relativity thus becomes a fully singular Lagrange system.

T. Mei

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

230

Phase Diagram of Fully Developed Drainage in Porous Media  

SciTech Connect

Using concepts of invasion percolation in a gradient, we develop a phase diagram of fully developed drainage in porous media. The transition between stabilized displacement (where the conventional continuum applies) and fingering is controlled by the change of the sign of the gradient of the percolation probability (from stabilizing to destabilizing). The transition boundary is described by scaling laws. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Yortsos, Y.C.; Xu, B. [Petroleum Engineering Program, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1211 (United States)] [Petroleum Engineering Program, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1211 (United States); Salin, D. [Laboratoire Fluides, Automatique et Systemes Thermiques, Universite Paris VI and XI, associated with C.N.R.S. (URA 871), Batiment 502, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire Fluides, Automatique et Systemes Thermiques, Universite Paris VI and XI, associated with C.N.R.S. (URA 871), Batiment 502, Campus Universitaire, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Newtonian limit of fully nonlinear cosmological perturbations in Einstein's gravity  

SciTech Connect

We prove that in the infinite speed-of-light limit (i.e., non-relativistic and subhorizon limits), the relativistic fully nonlinear cosmological perturbation equations in two gauge conditions, the zero-shear gauge and the uniform-expansion gauge, exactly reproduce the Newtonian hydrodynamic perturbation equations in the cosmological background; as a consequence, in the same two gauge conditions, the Newtonian hydrodynamic equations are exactly recovered in the Minkowsky background.

Hwang, Jai-chan [Department of Astronomy and Atmospheric Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of); Noh, Hyerim, E-mail: jchan@knu.ac.kr, E-mail: hr@kasi.re.kr [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Generation Disclosure | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Disclosure Disclosure Jump to: navigation, search Some states require electric utilities to provide their customers with specific information about the electricity that the utility supplies. This information, which generally must be shared with customers periodically, usually includes the utility's fuel mix percentages and emissions statistics. In states with restructured electricity markets, generation disclosure policies are designed to help consumers make informed decisions about the electricity and suppliers they choose. A few states that have not fully restructured their electricity markets require generation disclosure by utilities. [1] Generation Disclosure Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 40) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

233

Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity Print Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity Print Working at the ALS, a multi-institutional collaboration led by researchers at ALS and Stanford University has identified a pseudogap phase with a nodal-antinodal dichotomy in ferromagnetic manganese oxide materials (manganites). Even though ferromagnetism and superconductivity do not exist together, the pseudogap state found in these manganites is remarkably similar to that found in high-temperature superconducting copper oxide materials (cuprates). This discovery casts new doubts on any direct link between the pseudogap phase and high-temperature superconductivity and adds fire to the debate over one of the great scientific mysteries of our time: What causes high-temperature superconductivity?

234

Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity Print Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity Print Working at the ALS, a multi-institutional collaboration led by researchers at ALS and Stanford University has identified a pseudogap phase with a nodal-antinodal dichotomy in ferromagnetic manganese oxide materials (manganites). Even though ferromagnetism and superconductivity do not exist together, the pseudogap state found in these manganites is remarkably similar to that found in high-temperature superconducting copper oxide materials (cuprates). This discovery casts new doubts on any direct link between the pseudogap phase and high-temperature superconductivity and adds fire to the debate over one of the great scientific mysteries of our time: What causes high-temperature superconductivity?

235

Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity Pseudogaps, Polarons, and the Mystery of High-Tc Superconductivity Print Wednesday, 26 April 2006 00:00 Working at the ALS, a multi-institutional collaboration led by researchers at ALS and Stanford University has identified a pseudogap phase with a nodal-antinodal dichotomy in ferromagnetic manganese oxide materials (manganites). Even though ferromagnetism and superconductivity do not exist together, the pseudogap state found in these manganites is remarkably similar to that found in high-temperature superconducting copper oxide materials (cuprates). This discovery casts new doubts on any direct link between the pseudogap phase and high-temperature superconductivity and adds fire to the debate over one of the great scientific mysteries of our time: What causes high-temperature superconductivity?

236

ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance ORNL Publishes Study on Superconducting Wire Performance August 23, 2013 - 4:06pm Addthis The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) recently released a new study on advances in superconducting wire technology. A team led by ORNL's Amit Goyal demonstrated that the ability to control nanoscale imperfections in superconducting wires results in materials with excellent and customized performance. The team's findings are published in Nature Publishing Group's Scientific Reports. The full press release and link to the new report are available on ORNL's website. Dr. Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) research at ORNL, won the Department's 2011 E.O. Lawrence Award in the inaugural category of

237

Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation Model-Based Diesel Engine Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presents a next generation model-based engine controller that incorporates real-time fuel efficiency optimization and tested under fully transient engine and vehicle operating conditions.

238

Superconductivity with stripes | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Science Computing, Environment & Life Sciences Energy Engineering & Systems Analysis Photon Sciences Physical Sciences & Engineering Energy Frontier Research Centers Science Highlights Postdoctoral Researchers The brightness and energy of X-ray beams are critical properties for research. The APS Upgrade will make our X-ray beams brighter, meaning more X-rays can be focused onto a smaller, laser-like spot, allowing researchers to gather more data in greater detail in less time. Superconductivity with stripes November 12, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint The physics of low-temperature superconductivity is fairly well understood, but the ultimate goal of achieving the phenomenon at much higher temperatures remains tantalizingly elusive. The most promising high-temperature superconductor candidates are generally considered to be

239

High-Temperature Superconductivity Cable Demonstration Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Temperature Temperature Superconductivity Cable Demonstration Projects Superconductivity Power Equipment www.oe.energy.gov Phone: 202-586-1411 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-1 U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Avenue, SW - Washington, DC 20585. Plugging America Into the Future of Power "A National Effort to Introduce New Technology into the Power Delivery Infrastructure" "In order to meet President Obama's ambitious energy goals, we must modernize the nation's electrical grid to improve the transmission, storage and reliability of clean energy across the country and help to move renewable energy from the places it can be produced to the places it can be used. The Department of Energy is working with industry partners to develop the

240

Energy Programs | Center for Emergent Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES) Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES) The mission of the CES is to advance the frontier of understanding and control of the materials, mechanisms, and critical currents of superconductors, including existing and new materials, and to communicate Center and other research results throughout national and international communities. More... Principal Investigators CES News Publications Recent CES Presentations EFRC Acknowledgements Reference Document (pdf) Guide to EFRC Science Review Documents (pdf) CES-EFRC Materials Catalog (restricted) CES-EFRC April 2009 Kickoff Meeting (restricted) CES-EFRC 2010 Winter Workshop (restricted) CES Fall Workshop: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 April 2, 2012 Review (restricted) Story Archives Recent News atomic-scale microscopy Opposing Phenomena Possible Key to High-Efficiency Electricity Delivery

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A transmission calibration method for superconducting resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method is proposed and experimentally explored for \\textit{in-situ} calibration of complex transmission data for superconducting microwave resonators. This cryogenic calibration method accounts for the instrumental transmission response between the vector network analyzer reference plane and the device calibration plane. Once calibrated, the observed resonator response was modeled in detail by two approaches. The first, a phenomenological model based on physically realizable rational functions, enables the extraction of multiple resonance frequencies and widths for coupled resonators without explicit specification of the circuit network. In the second, an ABCD-matrix representation for the distributed transmission line circuit is used to model the observed response from the characteristic impedance and propagation constant. When used in conjunction with electromagnetic simulations, the kinetic inductance fraction can be determined with this method with an accuracy of 2%. Datasets for superconducting microst...

Cataldo, Giuseppe; Barrentine, Emily M; Brown, Ari D; Moseley, Samuel H; U-Yen, Kongpop

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

A simple figure of merit for high temperature superconducting switches  

SciTech Connect

The discovery of the new high temperature superconductors has revived interest in many special applications, including superconducting switches. For comparison of switch types, a simple figure of merit based in switch performance is proposed, derived for superconducting switches, and then calculated for thyristors and vacuum switches. The figure of merit is then used to show what critical current density would be needed for superconducting switches to compete with more conventional switches. 46 refs., 1 fig.

Honig, E.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Fabrication and characterization of aluminum airbridges for superconducting microwave circuits  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting microwave circuits based on coplanar waveguides (CPW) are susceptible to parasitic slotline modes which can lead to loss and decoherence. We motivate the use of superconducting airbridges as a reliable method for preventing the propagation of these modes. We describe the fabrication of these airbridges on superconducting resonators, which we use to measure the loss due to placing airbridges over CPW lines. We find that the additional loss at single photon levels is small, and decreases at higher drive powers.

Chen, Zijun; Kelly, J.; Barends, R.; Bochmann, J.; Chen, Yu; Chiaro, B.; Dunsworth, A.; Jeffrey, E.; Mutus, J. Y.; O'Malley, P. J. J.; Neill, C.; Roushan, P.; Sank, D.; Vainsencher, A.; Wenner, J.; White, T. C. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); Megrant, A. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Cleland, A. N.; Martinis, John M., E-mail: martinis@physics.ucsb.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

244

A dc superconducting fault current limiter using die-pressed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of a superconducting fault current limiter on a polycrystalline high-temperature superconductor basis is checked in the dc short circuit regime. Protection of load takes place under the conditions described in this paper. The use of ceramic materials with superconducting-normal metal-superconducting Josephson junction network having an S-type current-voltage characteristic (CVC) is shown to be effective for fault current limiter devices.

A G Mamalis; M I Petrov; D A Balaev; K A; D M Gohfeld; S V Militsyn; S G; V I Kirko; I N Vottea

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Support system design for a superconducting MRI magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shields cooled to intermediate temperanires. The rest of the heat transfer is solid conduction through various components. One of these components is the magnet support system. The support system for a superconducting magnet suspends the components at 4.... A design of a support system for a superconducting magnet was developed. This system will be used to suspend the Texas Accelerator Center (TAC) liquid helium cooled, four tesla, one meter bore, superconducting coils (cold mass) inside a room...

Watts, Louis Chad

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

1. Generation 1 1. Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Generation 1 _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Generation Sound and vibrations or, in more general terms, oscillations of matter (solids or fluids) are generated in many different dynamic processes. The basic mechanisms which underlie these oscillations

Berlin,Technische Universität

247

Superconducting RF systems for eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

The proposed electron-hadron collider eRHIC will consist of a six-pass 30-GeV electron Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) and one of RHIC storage rings operating with energy up to 250 GeV. The collider design extensively utilizes superconducting RF (SRF) technology in both electron and hadron parts. This paper describes various SRF systems, their requirements and parameters.

Belomestnykh S.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Brutus, J.C.; Hahn, H. et al

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

Magnetism and superconductivity in quark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic properties of quark matter and its relation to the microscopic origin of the magnetic field observed in compact stars are studied. Spontaneous spin polarization appears in high-density region due to the Fock exchange term, which may provide a scenario for the behaviors of magnetars. On the other hand, quark matter becomes unstable to form spin density wave in the moderate density region, where restoration of chiral symmetry plays an important role. Coexistence of magnetism and color superconductivity is also discussed.

T. Tatsumi; E. Nakano; K. Nawa

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Superconducting nano-layer coating without insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The superconducting nano-layer coating without insulator layer is studied. The magnetic-field distribution and the forces acting on a vortex are derived. Using the derived forces, the vortex-penetration field and the lower critical magnetic field can be discussed. The vortex-penetration field is identical with the multilayer coating, but the lower critical magnetic field is not. Forces acting on a vortex from the boundary of two superconductors play an important role in evaluations of the free energy.

Kubo, Takayuki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Cover image High-harmonic generation could be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an exciton-polariton condensate. Letter p805 811 assessment of carrier-multiplication efficiency in bulk PbCover image High-harmonic generation could be the basis of frequency combs for vacuum astrophysics: How to see a black hole R. Paul Drake 787 High-temperature superconductivity: alive and kicking C

Loss, Daniel

251

Optimised quantum hacking of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore bright-light control of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) in the shunted configuration (a practical measure to avoid latching). In an experiment, we...

Tanner, Michael G; Makarov, Vadim; Hadfield, Robert H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic superconducting transition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

susceptibility is anisotropic... Outline: 1. Superconductivity and Magnetic Fields 2. The Spin-Paramagnetic Transition 3. Spin... indicates an anisotropic ... Source:...

253

SciTech Connect: Ultrasonic signatures at the superconducting...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

that extends from room temperature to the superconducting transition. Although polarized neutron scattering studies hint at magnetic order associated with the pseudogap, there is...

254

Superconducting fault-current limiter and inductor design  

SciTech Connect

A superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) that uses a biased superconducting inductor in a diode or thyristor bridge circuit was analyzed for transmission systems in 69, 138, and 230 rms kV utility transmission systems. The limiter was evaluated for costs with all components - superconducting coil, diode and/or SCR power electronics, high voltage insulation, high voltage bushings and vapor cooled leads, dewar, and refrigerator - included. A design was undertaken for the superconducting cable and coils for both diode and SCR 69 kV limiter circuits.

Rogers, J.D.; Boenig, H.J.; Chowdhuri, P.; Schermer, R.I.; Wollan, J.J.; Weldon, D.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Progress on a Superconducting Planar Undulator in the UK  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting (SC) undulators can potentially reach a higher field, for short period devices, than permanent magnet devices. The latest design work on a proposed superconducting planar undulator being designed in the UK by the STFC is presented. The initial layout of the undulator, including superconducting fill factor and the cryogenic system is presented. Calculations of the wakefield heating effects due to different vacuum vessels and electron beam configurations are also presented. Another important issue for superconducting planar undulators is the effect of engineering tolerances of the pole pieces: the computer simulated effects, for different size pole errors, on the electron beam trajectory and phase error through the device are also shown.

Scott, D. J.; Clarke, J. A. [ASTeC, Daresbury Laboratory, STFC, Warrington, Cheshire (United Kingdom); Baynham, E.; Bradshaw, T.; Brummitt, A.; Burton, G.; Carr, S.; Hills, M.; Lintern, A.; Rochford, J.; Taylor, O.; Watson, S. [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC, Didcot, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

256

VLHC Meeting | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshop on the Effect of Synchrotron Radiation in the Very Large Hadron Workshop on the Effect of Synchrotron Radiation in the Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) September 18 - 20, 2000 The workshop was intended to be an initial investigation into the advantages and drawbacks of synchrotron radiation in a high field VLHC. We identified and clarified future topics for further investigation. Synchrotron radiation damping at very high proton beam energies can result in hitherto unobtainable beam densities which may prove beneficial in achieving machine performance goals. Radiated power will inevitably complicate the beam tube environment. Is there an appropriate balance at these energies? The workshop was one in a series looking at topics of potential interest to a next generation hadron machine organized by the VLHC Steering Committee.

257

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum-stabilized superconducting cables...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New superconducting technology will help America reduce the demand for additional electric power Summary: ,000-amp, 3-phase superconducting cable at American Electric Power's...

258

Superconducting Magnet Technology for Future Hadron Colliders  

SciTech Connect

The application of superconducting magnets to large-scale particle accelerators was successfully demonstrated with the completion of the Tevatron at Fermilab in 1983. This machine, utilizing dipole magnets operating at 4.5 T, has been operating successfully for the past 12 years. This success was followed a few years later by HERA, an electron-proton collider that uses superconducting quadrupoles and dipoles of a design similar to those in the Tevatron. The next major project was the ill-fated SSC, which was cancelled in 1993. However, the SSC R&D effort did succeed in demonstrating the reliable operation of dipole magnets up to 6.6 T. The LHC, now under construction, pushes the ductile superconductor, NbTi, to its limit in dipoles designed to operate at fields of 8.6 T at 1.8 K. Several recent studies have addressed the issues involved in taking the next step beyond the LHC. The Division of Particles and Fields Workshop on Future Hadron Facilities in the U.S., held at Indiana U. in 1994, examined two possible facilities--a 2-TeV on 2-TeV collider and a 30-Tev on 30-Tev collider. The participants arrived at the following conclusions with regard to superconducting magnets: (1) Superconducting magnets are the enabling technology for high energy colliders. As such, the highest priority for the future of hadron facilities in the U.S. is the reassembly of a U.S. superconducting magnet R&D program. (2) emphasis on conductor development and new magnet designs; and (3) goals of such a program might be (a) the development of a 9-10 Tesla magnet based on NbTi technology; (b) the development of high quality quadrupoles with gradients in the range 250-300 T/m; and (c) initiation of R&D activities aimed at moving beyond the existing technology as appears to be required for the development of a magnet operating at 12-15 Tesla. In order to reach fields above 10 T, magnet designers must turn to new materials with higher critical fields than that of NbTi. Several candidate conductors exist; unfortunately, all of these new materials are brittle, and thus pose new challenges to the magnet designers. At the same time that the forces on the magnet windings are increasing due to the higher Lorentz force associated with the higher magnetic fields, the conductor tensile strain must be limited to less than about 0.5% to prevent damage to the brittle superconducting material. Also, coil fabrication methods must be changed. If the superconductor is in the reacted, or brittle, state, the coil winding procedure must be modified to prevent overstraining. If the alternative wind and react approach is used, new insulating materials must be used that can survive the high temperature reactions (650 to 800 C) necessary to form the superconducting compounds. The issues associated with high-field dipole magnets have been discussed at a number of workshops, including those at DESY in 1991 and LBL in 1992. These workshops were extremely useful in defining the problems and focusing the attention of both materials and magnet experts on high-field dipole magnets; however, since neither set of proceedings was published, the information is not readily available. More recently, a workshop was held in Erice, Italy, under the sponsorship of the Ettore Maiorana Center for Scientific Culture. This international workshop was attended by 20 scientists from Europe, Japan, and the U.S., and the summary of that work, which represents the most recent and thorough assessment of the status of high-field magnets for accelerator magnets, is presented.

Scanlan, R.M.; Barletta, W.A.; Dell'Orco, D.; McInturff, A.D.; Asner, A.; Collings, E.W.; Dahl, P.F.; Desportes, H.; Devred, A.; Garre, R.; Gregory, E.; Hassenzahl, W.; Lamm, M.; Larbalestier, D.; Leory, D.; McIntyre, P.; Miller, J.; Shintomi, T.; ten Kate, H.; Wipf, S.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Fabrication of Chemically Doped, High Upper Critical Field Magnesium Diboride Superconducting Wires  

SciTech Connect

Controlled chemical doping of magnesium diboride (MgB2) has been shown to substantially improve its superconducting properties to the levels required for high field magnets, but the doping is difficult to accomplish through the usual route of solid state reaction and diffusion. Further, superconducting cables of MgB2 are difficult to fabricate because of the friable nature of the material. In this Phase I STTR project, doped and undoped boron fibers were made by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Several >100m long batches of doped and undoped fiber were made by CVD codeposition of boron plus dopants. Bundles of these fibers infiltrated with liquid magnesium and subsequently converted to MgB2 to form Mg-MgB2 metal matrix composites. In a parallel path, doped boron nano-sized powder was produced by a plasma synthesis technique, reacted with magnesium to produce doped MgB2 superconducting ceramic bodies. The doped powder was also fabricated into superconducting wires several meters long. The doped boron fibers and powders made in this program were fabricated into fiber-metal composites and powder-metal composites by a liquid metal infiltration technique. The kinetics of the reaction between boron fiber and magnesium metal was investigated in fiber-metal composites. It was found that the presence of dopants had significantly slowed the reaction between magnesium and boron. The superconducting properties were measured for MgB2 fibers and MgB2 powders made by liquid metal infiltration. Properties of MgB2 products (Jc, Hc2) from Phase I are among the highest reported to date for MgB2 bulk superconductors. Chemically doped MgB2 superconducting magnets can perform at least as well as NbTi and NbSn3 in high magnetic fields and still offer an improvement over the latter two in terms of operating temperature. These characteristics make doped MgB2 an effective material for high magnetic field applications, such as magnetic confined fusion, and medical MRI devices. Developing fusion as an energy source will dramatically reduce energy costs, global warming, and radioactive waste. Cheaper and more efficient medical MRI devices could lower examination costs, find potential health problems earlier, and thus also benefit society as a whole. Other potential commercial applications for this material are devices for the generation and storage of electrical power, thus lowering the cost of delivered electricity.

Marzik, James, V.

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

260

A fully nonlinear wave model to account for breaking wave impact loads on offshore wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a numerical model capable of simulating offshore wind turbines exposed to extreme loading conditions. External condition-based extreme responses are reproduced by coupling a fully nonlinear wave kinematic solver with a hydro-aero-elastic simulator. The transient nonlinear free surface problem of water waves is formulated assuming the potential theory and a higher-order boundary element method (HOBEM) is used to discretize Laplace’s equation. For temporal evolution a second-order Taylor series expansion is implemented. The code is successfully adopted to simulate overturning plunging breakers, which give rise to dangerous impact loads when they break against wind turbine substructures. Emphasis is also placed on the development of a global simulation framework that aims at embedding the wave simulator into a more general stochastic environment. Indeed, first a linear irregular sea is generated by a spectral approach, then only on critical sub-domains, where wave impacts are expected, the fully nonlinear solver is invoked for a more refined simulation. This permits to systematically account for dangerous effects on the structural response (which would be missed by adopting linear or weakly nonlinear wave theories alone) without penalizing the computational effort.

Enzo Marino; Claudio Borri; Udo Peil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Distributed Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Untapped Value of Backup Generation Untapped Value of Backup Generation While new guidelines and regulations such as IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 1547 have come a long way in addressing interconnection standards for distributed generation, utilities have largely overlooked the untapped potential of these resources. Under certain conditions, these units (primarily backup generators) represent a significant source of power that can deliver utility services at lower costs than traditional centralized solutions. These backup generators exist today in large numbers and provide utilities with another option to reduce peak load, relieve transmission congestion, and improve power reliability. Backup generation is widely deployed across the United States. Carnegie Mellon's Electricity

262

Archaeopteryx Feathers and Bone Chemistry Fully Revealed via Synchrotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archaeopteryx Feathers and Bone Chemistry Fully Revealed via Archaeopteryx Feathers and Bone Chemistry Fully Revealed via Synchrotron Imaging Archaeopteryx specimens are important but extremely rare fossils. Due to their possession of both reptilian (jaws with teeth, long bony tail) and avian (feathered wings) characters, Archaeopteryx has been crucial in the development of Darwinian evolution. Despite their importance, no Archaeopteryx specimen has ever been chemically analyzed. This in large part may be explained by the analytical obstacles which preclude applying standard methods to such valuable specimens; destructive sampling is not an option and most non-destructive methods cannot handle large specimens. Furthermore, mapping using conventional methods is far too slow to enable chemical zonation to be reasonably determined. Mapping of trace element chemistry is of tremendous interest, however, because it opens a window into understanding several critical questions about Archaeopteryx in particular, and about fossil specimens in general. Preserved trace chemistry in bones and soft tissue may be remnants of the living organism, and therefore may give insight into life processes of extinct organisms. When mapping includes the embedding rock matrix, mass transfer between the fossil and the matrix can be constrained, hence giving information about mode of preservation. Chemical analysis can also resolve artefacts of the curation process. Finally, accurate chemical maps can also be useful for directing future work by highlighting regions that may be promising for other types of analysis including structural methods (CT, diffraction) or techniques that use other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum (infra-red).

263

Steady state heat transfer experimental studies of LHC superconducting cables operating in cryogenic environment of superfluid helium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heat management is a basic and fundamental aspect of the superconducting magnets used in the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Indeed, the coil temperature must be kept below the critical value, despite the heat which can be generated or deposited in the magnet during the normal operations. Therefore, this thesis work aims at determining the heating power which can be extracted from the superconducting cables of the LHC, specially through their electrical insulation which represents the main thermal barrier. An experimental measurement campaign in superfluid helium bath was performed on several samples reproducting the main LHC magnets. The heating power was generated in the sample by Joule heating and the temperature increase was measured by means of Cernox bare chip and thermocouples. An innovative instrumentation technique which also includes the in-situ calibration of the thermocouples was developed. A thorough uncertainty analysis on the overall measurement chain concluded the experimental setup. The prese...

Santandrea, Dario; Tuccillo, Raffaele;; Granieri, Pier Paolo.

264

A Next Generation Light Source Facility at LBNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Next Generation Light Source Facility at LBNL A Next Generation Light Source Facility at LBNL Author: Corlett, J.N. Publication Date: 04-12-2011 Publication Info: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Permalink: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/81t3h97w Keywords: NGLS, FEL, 2 GeV superconducting linear accelerator, high-brightness, highrepetition- rate, high- repetition-rate (1 MHz) Local Identifier: LBNL Paper LBNL-4391E Preferred Citation:

265

Development of Fully Coupled Aeroelastic and Hydrodynamic Models for Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Aeroelastic simulation tools are routinely used to design and analyze onshore wind turbines, in order to obtain cost effective machines that achieve favorable performance while maintaining structural integrity. These tools employ sophisticated models of wind-inflow; aerodynamic, gravitational, and inertial loading of the rotor, nacelle, and tower; elastic effects within and between components; and mechanical actuation and electrical responses of the generator and of control and protection systems. For offshore wind turbines, additional models of the hydrodynamic loading in regular and irregular seas, the dynamic coupling between the support platform motions and wind turbine motions, and the dynamic characterization of mooring systems for compliant floating platforms are also important. Hydrodynamic loading includes contributions from hydrostatics, wave radiation, and wave scattering, including free surface memory effects. The integration of all of these models into comprehensive simulation tools, capable of modeling the fully coupled aeroelastic and hydrodynamic responses of floating offshore wind turbines, is presented.

Jonkman, J. M.; Sclavounos, P. D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Magnetic phase diagram of small superconducting two-loop networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The critical magnetic behaviour of simple superconducting micro-networks is illustrat- ed by discussing several properties of super- conducting micro-networks [1-3], see also [4]. This theoretical activity has beenL-277 Magnetic phase diagram of small superconducting two-loop networks J. Riess Centre de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

A CURRENT CONTROLLED VARIABLE DELAY SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I I I I 1388 A CURRENT CONTROLLED VARIABLE DELAY SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINE S. M. Anlage, H line. The device makes use of the change in kinetic inductance of a superconducting transmission line, fabrication of transmission lines with such films provides the means for constructing a continuously variable

Anlage, Steven

268

Permanent magnet design for high-speed superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature superconducting bearing including a permanent magnet rotor levitated by a high temperature superconducting structure is disclosed. The rotor preferably includes one or more concentric permanent magnet rings coupled to permanent magnet ring structures having substantially triangular and quadrangular cross-sections. Both alternating and single direction polarity magnet structures can be used in the bearing. 9 figs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.; Abdoud, R.G.

1996-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

MOTT INSULATORS, SPIN LIQUIDS AND QUANTUM DISORDERED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COURSE 7 MOTT INSULATORS, SPIN LIQUIDS AND QUANTUM DISORDERED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY MATTHEW P.A. FISHER insulators and quantum magnetism 583 3.1 Spin models and quantum magnetism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 637 #12;MOTT INSULATORS, SPIN LIQUIDS AND QUANTUM DISORDERED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Matthew P.A. Fisher

270

Superconductivity in gallium-substituted Ba8Si46 clathrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

superconductor, with an onset at T-C approximate to 3.3 K. For x=10 and higher, no superconductivity was observed down to T=1.8 K. This represents a strong suppression of superconductivity with increasing Ga content, compared to Ba8Si46 with T-C approximate to 8...

Li, Yang; Zhang, Ruihong; Liu, Yang; Chen, Ning; Luo, Z. P.; Ma, Xingqiao; Cao, Guohui; Feng, Z. S.; Hu, Chia-Ren; Ross, Joseph H., Jr.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

EIS-0138-S: Superconducting Super Collider, Supplemental, Waxahatchie, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy developed this supplementary statement to analyze the environmental impacts of design modifications to the Superconducting Super Collider that were made following the publication of the Record of Decision that selected Ellis County, Texas, as the location of the laboratory facility. This statement supplements DOE/EIS-0138, Superconducting Super Collider.

272

Singlet oxygen luminescence detection with a fibre-coupled superconducting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Singlet oxygen luminescence detection with a fibre-coupled superconducting nanowire single Triplet State Singlet State 1O2 Ground State Oxygen 3O2 Singlet oxygen Free space singlet oxygen luminescence detection Fibre-based singlet oxygen luminescence detection References Superconducting Detector

Greenaway, Alan

273

Non-Abelian Superconducting Pumps Valentina Brosco,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-Abelian Superconducting Pumps Valentina Brosco,1,2 Rosario Fazio,3,4 F. W. J. Hekking,5; published 17 January 2008) Cooper pair pumping is a coherent process. We derive a general expression for the adiabatic pumped charge in superconducting nanocircuits in the presence of level degeneracy and relate

Joye, Alain

274

Investigation of relativistic runaway electrons in electron cyclotron resonance heating discharges on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of relativistic runaway electrons during Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) discharges is investigated in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research device. The effect of the ECRH on the runaway electron population is discussed. Observations on the generation of superthermal electrons during ECRH will be reported, which will be shown to be consistent with existing theory for the development of a superthermal electron avalanche during ECRH [A. Lazaros, Phys. Plasmas 8, 1263 (2001)].

Kang, C. S. [Department of Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, S. G., E-mail: sglee@nfri.re.kr [Department of Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Microsoft PowerPoint - Application of Stirling Cycle Generators...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cogen) a cogen) Direct Current System Direct Current System * BP trials based on existing natural gas-fired DC system: - 24 VDC, 800W generator with fully automated battery...

276

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY DUPONT SUPERCONDUCTIVITY FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DUPONT SUPERCONDUCTIVITY FOR AN ADVANCE DUPONT SUPERCONDUCTIVITY FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FC36-99GO10287; W(A)-99-008; CH-1002 The Petitioner, DuPont Superconductivity (hereinafter "DuPont"), has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above referenced contract entitled "High Temperature Superconducting Reciprocating Magnetic Separator". This contract relates to the construction of 1/4 commercial scale High Temperature Superconducting (hereinafter "HTS") Reciprocating Magnetic Separations Unit for the purification ofkaoline clay and titanium dioxide. It is anticipated that this project will be performed in three phases, over a period of

277

Los Alamos scientists see new mechanism for superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New mechanism for superconductivity New mechanism for superconductivity Los Alamos scientists see new mechanism for superconductivity Researchers have posited an explanation for superconductivity that may open the door to the discovery of new, unconventional forms of superconductivity. November 24, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

278

Superconducting phase transitions in ultrathin TiN film.  

SciTech Connect

Building on the complete account of quantum contributions to conductivity, we demonstrate that the resistance of thin superconducting films exhibits a non-monotonic temperature behavior due to the competition between weak localization, electron-electron interaction, and superconducting fluctuations. We show that superconducting fluctuations give rise to an appreciable decrease in the resistance even at temperatures well exceeding the superconducting transition temperature, T{sub c}, with this decrease being dominated by the Maki-Thompson process. The transition to a global phase-coherent superconducting state occurs via the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition, which we observe both by power-law behavior in current-voltage characteristics and by flux flow transport in the magnetic field. The ratio T{sub BKT}/T{sub c} follows the universal relation.

Baturina, T. I.; Postolova, S. V.; Mironov, A. Yu.; Glatz, A.; Baklanov, M. R.; Vinokur, V. M. (Materials Science Division); (A. V. Rzhanov Inst. Semicond. Phys.); (IMEC)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Preparation of Knill-Lafamme-Milburn states based on superconducting qutrits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose two schemes for generating the Knill-Lafamme-Milburn (KLM) states of two distant polar molecules (PMs) ensembles respectively in two transmission-line resonators (TLRs) connected by a superconducting charge qutrit (SCQ), and of two SCQs in a TLR, respectively. Both of the schemes are robust against photon decay due to the virtual excitations of the microwave photons of the TLRs, and the spontaneous emission can be suppressed owing to the virtual transitions of the SCQs in the second scheme. In addition, the schemes have high controllability and feasibility under the current available techniques.

Qi-Gong Liu; Qi-Cheng Wu; Xin Ji

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

280

Surface Impedance in the Surface Superconducting State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To enable a simple calculation of the microwave surface resistance, the surface superconducting state is approximated by a model in which a layer of uniform order parameter is considered superposed on the normal bulk. Appropriate values for the order parameter and thickness of this layer were chosen with the use of the numerical solutions of the Ginsburg-Landau equations by Fink and Kessinger. A Gorter-Casimir temperature dependence was used for the order parameter and the Maki temperature dependence for ?. Our experiments on Pb-In alloys at frequencies of 9.5, 23, and 55 Gc/sec are in good agreement with the calculations.

Allen Rothwarf; Jonathan I. Gittleman; Bruce Rosenblum

1967-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Nanometric constrictions in superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the design, fabrication and characterization of superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators with nanoscopic constrictions. By reducing the size of the center line down to 50 nm, the radio frequency currents are concentrated and the magnetic field in its vicinity is increased. The device characteristics are only slightly modified by the constrictions, with changes in resonance frequency lower than 1% and internal quality factors of the same order of magnitude as the original ones. These devices could enable the achievement of higher couplings to small magnetic samples or even to single molecular spins and have applications in circuit quantum electrodynamics, quantum computing and electron paramagnetic resonance.

Mark David Jenkins; Uta Naether; Miguel Ciria; Javier Sesé; James Atkinson; Carlos Sánchez-Azqueta; Enrique del Barco; Johannes Majer; David Zueco; Fernando Luis

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

282

Lattice Vibrations and Superconductivity in Layered Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL REVIEW B VOLUME 2, NUMBER 7 1 OCTOB ER, 1970 Lattice Vibrations and Superconductivity in Layered Structures* B. E. Allen, G. P. Alldredge, and F. W. de bette DePartment of Physics, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (Received 18... monolayers of identical particles, stacked atop one another to form a 21-layer slab. A side view of this system is shown in Fig. 1. The films alternately have atomic masses m and M, with m corresponding to the outermost films. The crys- tal structure...

Allen, Roland E.; Alldredg, GP; WETTE, FWD.

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Interpretation of the harmonic response of superconducting films to inhomogeneous ac magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a quantitative analysis of the response of a thin superconducting film to an applied nonuniform ac magnetic field. The analysis is directly applicable to the single-coil inductive measurement technique where a small coil driven by an ac current produces a nonuniform field, with JC determined by the appearance of a third-harmonic component of the voltage generated across the coil. We derive a simple model to explain the response of the film to the applied magnetic field in the absence of weak links. This model is used to predict the third-harmonic voltage generated across the coil. The derivation of the model explains why superconducting films having thicknesses even less than the penetration depth screen out the nonuniform ac magnetic fields generated by the coil. A simplified version of the model yields analytic expressions that describe the magnitude and phase of the third-harmonic component at high drive currents while the full model yields excellent agreement with experimental measurements for our highest quality epitaxial films. In other films, the presence of weak links leads to a characteristic signature in the harmonic response at low drive currents. We have also found that ion irradiation can reduce the critical current densities by significant amounts without introducing weak links into the film.

G. D. Poulin; J. S. Preston; T. Strach

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Fully coupled dynamic analysis of a floating wind turbine system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of wind power is in a period of rapid growth worldwide and wind energy systems have emerged as a promising technology for utilizing offshore wind resources for the large scale generation of electricity. Drawing ...

Withee, Jon E

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Nano-fabricated superconducting radio-frequency composites, method for producing nano-fabricated superconducting rf composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Superconducting rf is limited by a wide range of failure mechanisms inherent in the typical manufacture methods. This invention provides a method for fabricating superconducting rf structures comprising coating the structures with single atomic-layer thick films of alternating chemical composition. Also provided is a cavity defining the invented laminate structure.

Norem, James H.; Pellin, Michael J.

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

286

Nonequilibrium Transitions in Fully Frustrated Josephson Junction Arrays  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of thermal fluctuations in a fully frustrated Josephson junction array driven by a current I larger than the apparent critical current I{sub c}(T) . We calculate numerically the behavior of the chiral order parameter of Z{sub 2} symmetry and the transverse helicity modulus [related to the U(1) symmetry] as a function of temperature. We find that the Z{sub 2} transition occurs at a temperature T{sub Z{sub 2}}(I) which is lower than the temperature T{sub U(1)}(I) for the U(1) transition. Both transitions could be observed experimentally from measurements of the longitudinal and transverse voltages.

Marconi, Veronica I.; Dominguez, Daniel

2001-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

287

Optical Spectrum of Partially and Fully Fluorinated Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter we study the electronic structures and optical properties of partially and fully fluorinated graphene by a combination of \\abinitio\\ \\G0W0\\ calculations and large-scale multi-orbital tight-binding simulations. We find that for partially fluorinated graphene, the appearance of paired fluorine atoms is more favorable than unpaired atoms. We also show that different types of structural disorder, such as carbon vacancies, fluorine vacancies, fluorine vacancy-clusters and fluorine armchair- and zigzag-clusters, will introduce different types of midgap states and extra excitations within the optical gap. Furthermore we argue that the local formation of $sp^3$ bonds upon fluorination can be distinguished from other disorder inducing mechanisms which do not destroy the $sp^2$ hybrid orbitals by measuring the polarization rotation of passing polarized light.

Yuan, Shengjun; Schulz, Alexander; Wehling, Tim O; Katsnelson, Mikhail I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Debye-Onsager relaxation effect in fully ionized plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the virial expansion of the inverse conductivity in fully ionized plasmas ?-1=A(T)ln n+B(T)+C(T)n1/2ln n+O(n1/2) and the coefficient C(T), which is related to the Debye-Onsager relaxation effect, is evaluated in the nondegenerate case. In analogy to the Chapman-Enskog treatment of the Boltzmann equation, a moment expansion to evaluate C(T) is presented. Including the two-particle distribution in the generalized linear response theory, the original Onsager result is recovered within a hydrodynamic approximation. Improved results for the relaxation effect beyond this approximation are obtained considering higher moments of the two-particle distribution function.

A. Esser and G. Röpke

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Generation Planning (pbl/generation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Generation Planning Thumbnail image of BPA White Book BPA White Book (1998 - 2011) Draft Dry...

290

Design of the Prototypical Cryomodule for the EUROTRANS Superconducting Linac for Nuclear Waste Transmutation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of the Prototypical Cryomodule for the EUROTRANS Superconducting Linac for Nuclear Waste Transmutation

Barbanotti, S; Blache, P; Commeaux, C; Duthil, P; Panzeri, N; Pierini, P; Rampnoux, E; Souli, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Experimental study on characteristics of superconducting fault current limiters connected  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superconducting fault current limiters (SCFCLs) can reduce fault current; thus SCFCLs allow the capacity of circuit breakers to be reduced and lend flexibility to power system network designs. Furthermore, SCFCLs are expected to improve power system stability, as has been confirmed by some experiments. Therefore, various kinds of SCFCLs were proposed and have been studied. For introducing SCFCLs in power systems, there should be some specifications, such as the impedance, the trigger current level, and the recovery time. Fault analyses pointed out that accuracy of the trigger current level is required. A transformer type SCFCL with an adjustable trigger current level was proposed, designed, made, and tested. Then, limiting tests on three-phase SCFCLs by use of an artificial transmission line with a small generator were carried out. The test results indicated that at phase-to-phase faults, the SCFCLs for the fault phases do not always turn into the limiting mode. From two points of view, it is important to study characteristics of the series connection for SCFCLs: one is as mentioned above, and the other is that a series connection of some SCFCLs of small impedance may be installed in place of an SCFCL of larger impedance. This paper describes the results of limiting tests on two SCFCLs connected in series. The tests were carried out under some different conditions of fault currents, fault phases, and trigger current levels of SCFCLs. Some discussion on characteristics of series connection of SCFCLs appears also.

Hiroyuki Hatta; Tanzo Nitta; Tomomi Oide; Masakuni Chiba; Yasuyuki Shirai; Akihiro Mochida

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Superconducting RF Linac Technology for ERL Light Sources  

SciTech Connect

Energy Recovering Linacs (ERLs) offer an attractive alternative as drivers for light sources as they combine the desirable characteristics of both storage rings (high efficiency) and linear accelerators (superior beam quality). Using superconducting RF technology allows ERLs to operate more efficiently because of the inherent characteristics of SRF linacs, namely that they are high gradient-low impedance structures and their ability to operate in the long pulse or CW regime. We present an overview of the physics challenges encountered in the design and operation of ERL based light sources with particular emphasis on those issues related to SRF technology. These challenges include maximizing a cavity�������¢����������������s Qo to increase cryogenic efficiency, maintaining control of the cavity field in the presence of the highest feasible loaded Q and providing adequate damping of the higher-order modes (HOMs). If not sufficiently damped, dipole HOMs can drive the multipass beam breakup (BBU) instability which ERLs are particularly susceptible to. Another challenge involves efficiently extracting the potentially large amounts of HOM power that are generated when a bunch traverses the SRF cavities and which may extend over a high range of frequencies. We present experimental data from the Jefferson Lab FEL Upgrade, a 10 mA ERL light source presently in operation, aimed at addressing some of these issues. We conclude with an outlook towards the future of ERL based light sources.

Chris Tennant

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Superconducting 112 MHz QWR electron gun  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory and Niowave, Inc. have designed and fabricated a superconducting 112 MHz quarter-wave resonator (QWR) electron gun. The first cold test of the QWR cryomodule has been completed at Niowave. The paper describes the cryomodule design, presents the cold test results, and outline plans to upgrade the cryomodule. Future experiments include studies of different photocathodes and use for the coherent electron cooling proof-of-principle experiment. Two cathode stalk options, one for multi-alkali photocathodes and the other one for a diamond-amplified photocathode, are discussed. A quarter-wave resonator concept of superconducting RF (SRF) electron gun was proposed at BNL for electron cooling hadron beams in RHIC. QWRs can be made sufficiently compact even at low RF frequencies (long wavelengths). The long wavelength allows to produce long electron bunches, thus minimizing space charge effects and enabling high bunch charge. Also, such guns should be suitable for experiments requiring high average current electron beams. A 112 MHz QWR gun was designed, fabricated, and cold-tested in collaboration between BNL and Niowave. This is the lowest frequency SRF gun ever tested successfully. In this paper we describe the gun design and fabrication, present the cold test results, and outline our plans. This gun will also serve as a prototype for a future SRF gun to be used for coherent electron cooling of hadrons in eRHIC.

Belomestnykh, S.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Boulware, C.H.; Chang, X.; Grimm, T.L.; Rao, T.; Siegel, B.; Skaritka, J.; Than, R.; Winowski, M.; Wu, Q.; Xin, T.; Xue, L.

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

294

Extended Supersymmetry in Gapped and Superconducting Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In view of the many quantum field theoretical descriptions of graphene in $2+1$ dimensions, we present another field theoretical feature of graphene, in the presence of defects. Particularly, we shall be interested in gapped graphene in the presence of a domain wall and also for superconducting graphene in the presence of a vortex. As we explicitly demonstrate, the gapped graphene electrons that are localized on the domain wall are associated with four $N=2$ one dimensional supersymmetries, with each pair combining to form an extended $N=4$ supersymmetry with non-trivial topological charges. The case of superconducting graphene is more involved, with the electrons localized on the vortex being associated with $n$ one dimensional supersymmetries, which in turn combine to form an $N=2n$ extended supersymmetry with no-trivial topological charges. As we shall prove, all supersymmetries are unbroken, a feature closely related to the number of the localized fermions and also to the exact form of the associated oper...

Oikonomou, V K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Extended Supersymmetry in Gapped and Superconducting Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In view of the many quantum field theoretical descriptions of graphene in $2+1$ dimensions, we present another field theoretical feature of graphene, in the presence of defects. Particularly, we shall be interested in gapped graphene in the presence of a domain wall and also for superconducting graphene in the presence of a vortex. As we explicitly demonstrate, the gapped graphene electrons that are localized on the domain wall are associated with four $N=2$ one dimensional supersymmetries, with each pair combining to form an extended $N=4$ supersymmetry with non-trivial topological charges. The case of superconducting graphene is more involved, with the electrons localized on the vortex being associated with $n$ one dimensional supersymmetries, which in turn combine to form an $N=2n$ extended supersymmetry with no-trivial topological charges. As we shall prove, all supersymmetries are unbroken, a feature closely related to the number of the localized fermions and also to the exact form of the associated operators. In addition, the corresponding Witten index is invariant under compact and odd perturbations.

V. K. Oikonomou

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

296

Simulating weak localization using superconducting quantum circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding complex quantum matter presents a central challenge in condensed matter physics. The difficulty lies in the exponential scaling of the Hilbert space with the system size, making solutions intractable for both analytical and conventional numerical methods. As originally envisioned by Richard Feynman, this class of problems can be tackled using controllable quantum simulators. Despite many efforts, building an quantum emulator capable of solving generic quantum problems remains an outstanding challenge, as this involves controlling a large number of quantum elements. Here, employing a multi-element superconducting quantum circuit and manipulating a single microwave photon, we demonstrate that we can simulate the weak localization phenomenon observed in mesoscopic systems. By engineering the control sequence in our emulator circuit, we are also able to reproduce the well-known temperature dependence of weak localization. Furthermore, we can use our circuit to continuously tune the level of disorder, a parameter that is not readily accessible in mesoscopic systems. By demonstrating a high level of control and complexity, our experiment shows the potential for superconducting quantum circuits to realize scalable quantum simulators.

Yu Chen; P. Roushan; D. Sank; C. Neill; Erik Lucero; Matteo Mariantoni; R. Barends; B. Chiaro; J. Kelly; A. Megrant; J. Y. Mutus; P. J. J. O'Malley; A. Vainsencher; J. Wenner; T. C. White; Yi Yin; A. N. Cleland; John M. Martinis

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

297

Midwest superconductivity consortium. 1993 Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The Midwest Superconductivity Consortium, MISCON, in the fourth year of operations further strengthened its mission to advance the science and understanding of high T{sub c} superconductivity. The goals of the organization and the individual projects continue to reflect the current needs for new knowledge in the field and the unique capabilities of the institutions involved. Group efforts and cooperative laboratory interactions to achieve the greatest possible synergy under the Consortium continue to be emphasized. Industrial affiliations coupled with technology transfer initiatives were expanded. Activities of the participants during the past year achieved an interactive and high level of performance. The number of notable achievements in the field contributed by Consortium investigators increased. The programmatic research continues to focus upon key materials-related problems in two areas. The first area has a focus upon {open_quotes}Synthesis and Processing{close_quotes} while the second is centered around {open_quotes}Limiting Features in Transport Properties of High T{sub c} Materials{close_quotes}.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Study of the C(3 S) reaction: fully  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,wa Be´ atrice Bussery-Honvault,*b Mohamed Jorfib and Pascal Honvaultb Received 24th February 2009, Accepted 23rd April 2009 First published as an Advance Article on the web 26th May 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b method (+Q), and using Dunning aug-cc-pVQZ atomic basis sets. Global PESs have then been generated

Honvault, Pascal

299

Modular Isotopic Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect

Advanced RTG concepts utilizing improved thermoelectric materials and converter concepts are under study at Fairchild for DOE. The design described here is based on DOE's newly developed radioisotope heat source, and on an improved silicon-germanium material and a multicouple converter module under development at Syncal. Fairchild's assignment was to combine the above into an attractive power system for use in space, and to assess the specific power and other attributes of that design. The resultant design is highly modular, consisting of standard RTG slices, each producing ~24 watts at the desired output voltage of 28 volt. Thus, the design could be adapted to various space missions over a wide range of power levels, with little or no redesign. Each RTG slice consists of a 250-watt heat source module, eight multicouple thermoelectric modules, and standard sections of insulator, housing, radiator fins, and electrical circuit. The design makes it possible to check each thermoelectric module for electrical performance, thermal contact, leaktightness, and performance stability, after the generator is fully assembled; and to replace any deficient modules without disassembling the generator or perturbing the others. The RTG end sections provide the spring-loaded supports required to hold the free-standing heat source stack together during launch vibration. Details analysis indicates that the design offers a substantial improvement in specific power over the present generator of RTGs, using the same heat source modules. There are three copies in the file.

Schock, Alfred

1981-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

300

A fully nonlinear characteristic method for gyrokinetic simulation  

SciTech Connect

We present a new scheme which evolves the perturbed part of the distribution function along a set of characteristics that solves the fully nonlinear gyrokinetic equations. This nonlinear characteristic method for particle simulation is an extension of the partially linear weighting scheme, and may be considered an improvement of existing {delta} f methods. Some of the features of this new method are: the ability to keep all of the nonlinearities, particularly those associated with parallel acceleration; the loading of the physical equilibrium distribution function f{sub o} (e.g., a Maxwellian), with or without the multiple spatial scale approximation; the use of a single of trajectories for the particles; and also, the retention of the conservation properties of the original gyrokinetic system in the numerically converged limit. Therefore, one can take advantage of the low noise property of the weighting scheme together with the quiet start techniques to simulate weak instabilities, with a substantially reduced number of particles than required for a conventional simulation. The new method is used to study a one dimensional drift wave model which isolates the parallel velocity nonlinearity. A mode coupling calculation of the saturation mechanism is given, which is in good agreement with the simulation results and predicts a considerably lower saturation level then the estimate of Sagdeev and Galeev. Finally, we extend the nonlinear characteristic method to the electromagnetic gyrokinetic equations in general geometry.

Parker, S.E.; Lee, W.W.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fully Electromagnetic Nonlinear Gyrokinetic Equations for Tokamak Edge Turbulence  

SciTech Connect

An energy conserving set of the fully electromagnetic nonlinear gyrokinetic Vlasov equation and Maxwell's equations, which is applicable to both L-mode turbulence with large amplitude and H-mode turbulence in the presence of high E ? B shear has been derived. The phase-space action variational Lie perturbation method ensures the preservation of the conservation laws of the underlying Vlasov-Maxwell system. Our generalized ordering takes ?[sub ]i [\\sub]<< ??¡ ~ LE ~ Lp << R (here ?[sub ]i [\\sub] is the thermal ion Larmor radius and ??¡ = [B over B?] ?[sub ]i [\\sub]), as typically observed in the tokamak H-mode edge, with LE and Lp being the radial electric field and pressure gradient lengths. We take ?[sub ] perpendicular to[/sub] ?[sub ]i [\\sub] ~ 1 for generality, and keep the relative fluctuation amplitudes e?? ? ?[sub ]i [\\sub]~ ?? ? ? up to the second order. Extending the electrostatic theory in the presence of high E ? B shear [Hahm, Phys. Plasmas 3, 4658 (1996)], contributions of electromagnetic fluctuations to the particle charge density and current are explicitly evaluated via pull-back transformation from the gyrocenter distribution function in the gyrokinetic Maxwell's equation.

Hahm, T.S.; Wang, Lu,; Madsen, J.

2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

302

AC Loss of Ripple Current in Superconducting DC Power Transmission Cable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As a method of largely reducing the transmission loss in the electric power grid, superconducting direct current (DC) power transmission cable has been investigated. Using superconducting DC power transmission cables, large amounts of current and energy can be transferred compared to conventional copper cables. In this case, an alternating current (AC) is converted to DC and superposed AC which is known as ripple current, and the energy loss by the ripple current is generated. Therefore it is desired to estimate the energy loss density for the case of DC current and superposed AC current for a design of DC transmission cable system. In this study, the hysteresis loss for DC current of 2 kA rectified from 60 Hz alternating current is calculated using the Bean model, and coupling loss was also estimated. The diameter of the cable was 40 mm. The ripple currents generated by multi-pulse rectifiers, 6-pulse, 12-pulse, and 24-pulse were considered. It is found that the total AC loss including the hysteresis loss and the coupling loss is considerably smaller than the supposed heat loss of 0.5 W/m which is obtained with a newly developed cable.

K. Yoshitomi; E.S. Otabe; V.S. Vyatkin; M. Kiuchi; T. Matsushita; M. Hamabe; S. Yamaguchi; R. Inada

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

LHC Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnet Program Magnet Program The Superconducting Magnet Division is building a number of dipole magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which is now under construction at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Scheduled to begin operation in 2007, this machine will collide beams of protons with the unprecedented energy of 7 TeV per beam to explore the nature of matter at its most basic level (RHIC can collide beams of protons with energies of 0.25 TeV, but is mostly used to collide heavy ions with energies of 0.1 TeV per nucleon). The magnets are being built as part of the US program, recommended by the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) and approved by Congress, to contribute to the construction and, later, use of that frontier machine by the US high energy physics community. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) and

304

HERA Upgrade Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HERA Upgrade Project HERA Upgrade Project As part of the HERA luminosity upgrade, 6 superconducting Interaction Region quadrupoles were delivered, accepted, and are in service. These 6 layer magnets were designed to include the main quadrupole focus, a skew quad, a normal and skew dipole, and a final sextupole layer. Because of the physical space constraints imposed by the existing detector region components, the DESY magnets were of necessity designed to be very compact. In addition, they are also are required to operate within the solenoidal detector fields at the collision points, so all construction materials had to be non magnetic. Two types of DESY magnets were fabricated. The first, designated as G0, was a two meter long, constant radius magnet. The second, designated GG, is a

305

J-PARC Correctors | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J-PARC Correctors J-PARC Correctors Physics Japan is constructing a 50 Gev, high intensity proton accelerator at a site near the Japanese high energy research laboratory, KEK. The project is called J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex). The site is at Tokai and is part of the Japanese Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). KEK and JAERI are jointly responsible for its construction. J-PARC will serve many uses. One of the uses will be to produce neutrinos that will be directed toward a detector located in Kamiokande, Japan. The neutrinos will be produced when protons are extracted from J-PARC and are directed by magnets in a beam line to strike a target. Further information about the neutrino experiment is available. KEK and the BNL Superconducting Magnet Division are working together to

306

HTS Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HTS Magnet Program HTS Magnet Program High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) have the potential to revolutionize the field of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators, energy storage and medical applications. This is because of the fact that as compared to the conventional Low Temperature Superconductors (LTS), the critical current density (Jc ) of HTS falls slowly both: as a function of increasing field, and as a function of increasing temperature These unique properties can be utilized to design and build: HTS magnets that produce very high fields (20 - 50 T) HTS magnets that operate at elevated temperatures (20 - 77 K) This is a significant step forward over the convention LTS magnets which generally operate at a temperature of ~4 K and with field usually limited

307

Meetings & Workshops | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meetings & Workshops Meetings & Workshops S&T Committee Program Review June 22 - 23, 2006 Second Annual VLHC Meeting October 16 - 18, 2000 Workshop on the Effect of Synchrotron Radiation in the VLHC September 18 - 20, 2000 Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and Accelerators Upcoming Events JAN 17 Friday East Coast Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics - Lecture "The Nation's Nuclear Physics Program and the Role of the Government" Presented by Dr. Jehanne Gillo, U.S. Department of Energy, Nuclear Physics 9:30 am, Berkner Hall Auditorium Friday, January 17, 2014, 9:30 am Hosted by: Director's Office JAN 22 Wednesday Brookhaven Lecture "491st Brookhaven Lecture: Juergen Thieme of Photon Sciences Directorate" Presented by Juergen Thieme, Brookhaven Lab's Photon Sciences Directorate

308

LOTO Authorized Personnel | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) Personnel Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) Personnel Primary Authorized Employee Have the training and/or experience to exercise group and system-level judgments, and are authorized to lockout and tagout any equipment for which they have division's approval. If coordinated multiple lock and tags are applied by more than one employee, those of the "primary authorized employee" must be the first to be applied and the last to be removed. SMD - LOTO Primary Authorized Personnel Name Phone # Systems/Group Raymond Ceruti Ext. 7116 Mechanical Engineering Technical Support John Cintorino Ext. 2544 Magnet Test & Measurement Joseph D'Ambra Ext. 3764 Superconducting Materials R&D Sebastian Dimaiuta Ext. 5265 Electrical Systems Technical Support Glenn Jochen Ext. 7320 Mechanical Engineering Technical Support

309

The Lichnerowicz-Weitzenboeck formula and superconductivity  

SciTech Connect

We derive the Lichnerowicz-Weitzenboeck formula for the two-component order parameter superconductor, which provides a twofold view of the kinetic energy of the superconductor. For the one component order parameter superconductor we review the connection between the Lichnerowicz-Weitzenboeck formula and the Ginzburg-Landau theory. For the two-component case we claim that this formula opens a venue to describe inhomogeneous superconducting states intertwined by spin correlations and charged dislocation. In this case the Lichnerowicz-Weitzenboeck formula displays local rotational and electromagnetic gauge symmetry (SU(2) Circled-Times U(1)) and relies on local commuting momentum and spin operators. The order parameter lives in a space with curvature and torsion described by Elie Cartan geometrical formalism. The Lichnerowickz-Weitzenboeck formula leads to first order differential equations that are a three-dimensional version of the Seiberg-Witten equations.

Vargas-Paredes, Alfredo A.; Doria, Mauro M. [Departamento de Fisica dos Solidos, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fisica dos Solidos, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Neto, Jose Abdala Helayeel [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, 22290-160 Rio de Janeiro RJ (Brazil)] [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, 22290-160 Rio de Janeiro RJ (Brazil)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Superconducting strip in an oblique magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As an example for a seemingly simple but actually intricate problem, we study the Bean critical state in a superconducting strip of finite thickness d and width 2w?d placed in an oblique magnetic field. The analytical solution is obtained to leading order in the small parameter d?w. The critical state depends on how the applied magnetic field is switched on, e.g., at a constant tilt angle, or first the perpendicular and then the parallel field component. For these two basic scenarios we obtain the distributions of current density and magnetic field in the critical states. In particular, we find the shapes of the flux-free core and of the lines separating regions with opposite direction of the critical currents, the detailed magnetic field lines (along the vortex lines), and both components of the magnetic moment. The component of the magnetic moment parallel to the strip plane is a nonmonotonic function of the applied magnetic field.

G. P. Mikitik; E. H. Brandt; M. Indenbom

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for Transmission Voltage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within a collaboration of American Superconductor, Siemens, Nexans and Southern California Edison one electrical phase of a resistive superconducting fault current limiter for the 115 kV transmission voltage level has been designed and manufactured. The active part of the limiter consists of 63 bifilar coils made of 12 mm wide steel-stabilized YBCO conductor and is housed in a cryostat operated at 5 bar and 74 K. The first phase was completely assembled and successfully subjected to power switching tests and high voltage tests. The basic design of the system and the test results are reported. The work was funded in part by US-DOE under Contract Number DE-FC26-07NT43243.

Hans-Peter Kraemer; Wolfgang Schmidt; Hong Cai; Bruce Gamble; David Madura; Tim MacDonald; Joe McNamara; Walther Romanosky; Greg Snitchler; Nicolas Lallouet; Frank Schmidt; Syed Ahmed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Quench anaylsis of MICE spectrometer superconducting solenoid  

SciTech Connect

MICE superconducting spectrometer solenoids fabrication and tests are in progress now. First tests of the Spectrometer Solenoid discovered some issues which could be related to the chosen passive quench protection system. Both solenoids do not have heaters and quench propagation relied on the 'quench back' effect, cold diodes, and shunt resistors. The solenoids have very large inductances and stored energy which is 100% dissipated in the cold mass during a quench. This makes their protection a challenging task. The paper presents the quench analysis of these solenoids based on 3D FEA solution of coupled transient electromagnetic and thermal problems. The simulations used the Vector Fields QUENCH code. It is shown that in some quench scenarios, the quench propagation is relatively slow and some areas can be overheated. They describe ways of improving the solenoids quench protection in order to reduce the risk of possible failure.

Kashikhin, Vladimir; Bross, Alan; /Fermilab; Prestemon, Soren; / /LBL, Berkeley

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Transformer current sensor for superconducting magnetic coils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transformer current sensor having primary turns carrying a primary current for a superconducting coil and secondary turns only partially arranged within the primary turns. The secondary turns include an active winding disposed within the primary turns and a dummy winding which is not disposed in the primary turns and so does not experience a magnetic field due to a flow of current in the primary turns. The active and dummy windings are wound in opposite directions or connected in series-bucking relationship, and are exposed to the same ambient magnetic field. Voltages which might otherwise develop in the active and dummy windings due to ambient magnetic fields thus cancel out. The resultant voltage is purely indicative of the rate of change of current flowing in the primary turns.

Shen, Stewart S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Wilson, C. Thomas (Norris, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

High Power Superconducting Continuous Wave Linacs for Protons and  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Power Superconducting Continuous Power Superconducting Continuous Wave Linacs for Protons and Heavy-Ions Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives High Power Superconducting Continuous Wave Linacs for Protons and Heavy-Ions Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: High Power Superconducting Continuous Wave Linacs for Protons and Heavy-Ions

315

J. Robert Schrieffer and the BCS Theory of Superconductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J. Robert Schrieffer and the BCS Theory of Superconductivity J. Robert Schrieffer and the BCS Theory of Superconductivity Resources with Additional Information J. Robert Schrieffer Courtesy of NHMFL Robert Schrieffer received his BS from M.I.T. in 1953 and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in 1957. Upon entering the University of Illinois, "he immediately began research with Professor John Bardeen. After working out a problem dealing with electrical conduction on semiconductor surfaces, Schrieffer spent a year in the laboratory, applying the theory to several surface problems. In the third year of graduate studies, he joined Bardeen and [Leon] Cooper in developing the theory of superconductivity, which constituted his doctoral dissertation."1 Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer were awarded the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory".

316

Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and Accelerators Brookhaven National Laboratory June 10 - July 19, 1968 1968 summer study on superconducting devices and accelerators at Brookhaven National Laboratory is considered as one of the most important and defining meeting that led to the application of superconductivity in modern particle accelerators and storage rings. One must admire that bold vision, and years of persistent and hard work of number of scientists, engineers and technicians which turned that vision in to reality. Moreover, the research work presented then, serves as a good reference material even today. Given its historical and scientific importance, the entire proceedings of this six week study is made available now on the web for easy and wide access.

317

Simulation and Analysis of Superconducting Traveling-Wave Parametric Amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting parametric amplifiers have great promise for quantum-limited readout of superconducting qubits and detectors. Until recently, most superconducting parametric amplifiers had been based on resonant structures, limiting their bandwidth and dynamic range. Broadband traveling-wave parametric amplifiers based both on the nonlinear kinetic inductance of superconducting thin films and on Josephson junctions are in development. By modifying the dispersion property of the amplifier circuit, referred to as dispersion engineering, the gain can be greatly enhanced and the size can be reduced. We present two theoretical frameworks for analyzing and understanding such parametric amplifiers: (1) generalized coupled-mode equations and (2) a finite difference time domain (FDTD) model combined with a small signal analysis. We show how these analytical and numerical tools may be used to understand device performance.

Saptarshi Chaudhuri; Jiansong Gao; Kent Irwin

2015-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

318

Towards measuring variations of Casimir energy by a superconducting cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a Casimir cavity, one plate of which is a thin superconducting film. We show that when the cavity is cooled below the critical temperature for the onset of superconductivity, the sharp variation (in the far infrared) of the reflection coefficient of the film engenders a variation in the value of the Casimir energy. Even though the relative variation in the Casimir energy is very small, its magnitude can be comparable to the condensation energy of the superconducting film, and this gives rise to a number of testable effects, including a significant increase in the value of the critical magnetic field, required to destroy the superconductivity of the film. The theoretical ground is therefore prepared for the first experiment ever aimed at measuring variations of the Casimir energy itself.

Giuseppe Bimonte; Enrico Calloni; Giampiero Esposito; Leopoldo Milano; Luigi Rosa

2005-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

319

Overview of diagnostic system in the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first plasma was achieved in the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) on September 26, 2006....H ? radiation array, 20 triple probes for diverter plasma, a one-channel visible ...

X. Gao

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

High Temperature Superconducting Racetrack Coils for Electric Motor Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Superconductor Corporation (ASC) has designed and fabricated racetrack-shaped field coils from PbBSSCO-2223 high temperature superconducting (HTS) wire for a 125 HP, four-pole motor currently being devel...

J. P. Voccio; C. B. Prum; M. J. Navarro…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Superconductivity in Bundles of Double-Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present electrical and thermal specific heat measurements that show superconductivity in double-wall carbon nanotube (DWCNT) bundles. Clear evidence, comprising a resistance drop as a function of temperature, magnetoresistance ...

Shi, Wu

322

Cryogenic deformation of high temperature superconductive composite structures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in a process of preparing a composite high temperature oxide superconductive wire is provided and involves conducting at least one cross-sectional reduction step in the processing preparation of the wire at sub-ambient temperatures.

Roberts, Peter R. (Groton, MA); Michels, William (Brookline, MA); Bingert, John F. (Jemez Springs, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

25 kV Superconducting Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our technological progress in die field of superconductivity over the last ten years made possible the manufacture of industrial lengths of conductors, consisting of NbTi ultra-fine filaments, embedded in a Cu-30...

T. Verhaege; J. P. Tavergnier; A. Février…

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

SciTech Connect: Enhanced Superconducting Gaps in Trilayer High...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enhanced Superconducting Gaps in Trilayer High-Temperature Bi (2) Sr (2) Ca (2) Cu (3) O (10+delta) Cuprate Superconductor Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Enhanced...

325

Novel Approach to Linear Accelerator Superconducting Magnet System  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting Linear Accelerators include a superconducting magnet system for particle beam transportation that provides the beam focusing and steering. This system consists of a large number of quadrupole magnets and dipole correctors mounted inside or between cryomodules with SCRF cavities. Each magnet has current leads and powered from its own power supply. The paper proposes a novel approach to magnet powering based on using superconducting persistent current switches. A group of magnets is powered from the same power supply through the common, for the group of cryomodules, electrical bus and pair of current leads. Superconducting switches direct the current to the chosen magnet and close the circuit providing the magnet operation in a persistent current mode. Two persistent current switches were fabricated and tested. In the paper also presented the results of magnetic field simulations, decay time constants analysis, and a way of improving quadrupole magnetic center stability. Such approach substantially reduces the magnet system cost and increases the reliability.

Kashikhin, Vladimir; /Fermilab

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

326

Levitation pressure and friction losses in superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting bearing having at least one permanent magnet magnetized with a vertical polarization. The lower or stator portion of the bearing includes an array of high-temperature superconducting elements which are comprised of a plurality of annular rings. An annular ring is located below each permanent magnet and an annular ring is offset horizontally from at least one of the permanent magnets. The rings are composed of individual high-temperature superconducting elements located circumferentially along the ring. By constructing the horizontally-offset high-temperature superconducting ring so that the c-axis is oriented in a radial direction, a higher levitation force can be achieved. Such an orientation will also provide substantially lower rotational drag losses in the bearing.

Hull, John R. (Downers Grove, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

13 kA Superconducting Busbars Manufacturing Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the LHC, the superconducting Main Bending magnets and Quadrupole magnets are series-connected electrically in different excitation circuits by means of superconducting busbars, carrying a maximum current of 13 kA. These superconducting busbars consist of a superconducting Rutherford cable thermally and electrically coupled to a copper section all along the length. The function of the copper section is essentially to provide an alternative path for the magnet current in case of resistive transition. The production of these components was originally outsourced. The decision to import the technology at CERN led to a global re-engineering of the standard process. Although based on the procedures adopted during the LHC construction, a few modifications and improvements have been implemented, profiting of the experience gained in the last few years. This document details the manufacturing process of the 13 kA busbars as it is actually performed at CERN, emphasizing the new solutions adopted during the first mon...

Principe, R; Fornasiere, E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Characterization of Nb?Sn superconducting strand under pure bending  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterizing the strain-dependent behavior of technological Nb?Sn superconducting strand has been an important subject of research for the past 25 years. Most of the effort has focused on understanding the uniaxial tension ...

Harris, David L., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

8 - Superconducting fault current limiters and power cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the technology of superconducting power cables and superconducting fault current limiters. The first part of the chapter is a general summary of the electric power grid. This sets the stage for a discussion of the historical development of superconducting AC and DC cables, which begins with low temperature superconductor-based systems. It then describes the present state of superconducting cable technology and gives a summary of some of the major programs around the world. Whereas power cables may be thought of as a replacement for conventional power system components, fault current limiters and fault current controllers have no conventional equivalent in the power grid. Several conceptually different fault current limiter designs are described. Their state of development and installation on the power grid are described.

W. Hassenzahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

9 - Superconducting fault current limiters and power cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the technology of superconducting power cables and superconducting fault current limiters (FCL). The first part of the chapter is a general summary of the electric power grid. This sets the stage for a discussion of the historical development of superconducting AC and DC cables, which begins with low temperature superconductor (LTS)-based systems. It then describes the present status of superconducting cable technology and summarizes some of the major programs around the world. Whereas power cables may be thought of as a replacement for conventional power system components, \\{FCLs\\} and fault current controllers (FCC) have no conventional equivalent in the power grid. Several conceptually different FCL designs are described. The status of their development and installation on the power grid are described.

W. Hassenzahl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Magnetism and Superconductivity Compete in Iron-based Superconductors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetism and Superconductivity Compete in Iron-based Superconductors Wednesday, April 30, 2014 HTSC Figure 1 Fig. 1. Measured electronic structure of underdoped Ba1-xKxFe2As2 in...

332

Estimating the cost of large superconducting thin solenoid magnets  

SciTech Connect

The cost of thin superconducting solenoid magnets can be estimated if one knows the magnet stored energy, the magnetic field volume product or the overall mass of the superconducting coil and its cryostat. This report shows cost data collected since 1979 for large superconducting solenoid magnets used in high energy physics. These magnets are characterized in most cases by the use of indirect two phase helium cooling and a superconductor stabilizer of very pure aluminum. This correlation can be used for making a preliminary cost estimate of proposed one of a kind superconducting magnets. The magnet costs quoted include the power supply and quench protection system but the cost of the helium refrigerator and helium distribution system is not included in the estimated cost.

Green, M.A. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); St. Lorant, S.J. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Luminescence and Squeezing of a Superconducting Light Emitting Diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a semiconductor $p$-$n$ junction in contact with superconducting leads that is operated under forward bias as a light-emitting diode. The presence of superconductivity results in a significant increase of the electroluminescence in a certain frequency window. We demonstrate that the tunneling of Cooper pairs induces an additional luminescence peak on resonance. There is a transfer of superconducting to photonic coherence which results in the emission of entangled photon pairs and squeezing of the fluctuations in the quadrature amplitudes of the emitted light. The squeezing angle can be electrically manipulated by changing the relative phase of the order parameters in the superconductors. We finally derive the conditions for lasing in the system and show that the laser threshold is reduced due to superconductivity. This shows how macroscopic coherence of a superconductor can be used to control the properties of light.

Patrik Hlobil; Peter P. Orth

2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

334

Luminescence and Squeezing of a Superconducting Light Emitting Diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a semiconductor $p$-$n$ junction in contact with superconducting leads that is operated under forward bias as a light-emitting diode. The presence of superconductivity results in a significant increase of the electroluminescence in a certain frequency window. We demonstrate that the tunneling of Cooper pairs induces an additional luminescence peak on resonance. There is a transfer of superconducting to photonic coherence which results in the emission of entangled photon pairs and squeezing of the fluctuations in the quadrature amplitudes of the emitted light. The squeezing angle can be electrically manipulated by changing the relative phase of the order parameters in the superconductors. We finally derive the conditions for lasing in the system and show that the laser threshold is reduced due to superconductivity. This shows how macroscopic coherence of a superconductor can be used to control the properties of light.

Hlobil, Patrik

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

atlas superconducting magnet: Topics by E-print Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Room temperature, water cooled copper magnets produceSuperconducting Magnet Division TEST RESULTS OF HTS COILS AND AN R&D MAGNET FOR RIA* R. Gupta, M. Anerella, M. Harrison,...

336

Strain-induced time-reversal odd superconductivity in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-reversal symmetry breaking superconductors are exotic phases of matter with fascinating properties, which are, however, encountered rather sparsely. Here we identify the possibility of realizing such a superconducting ground state that exhibits an $f+is$ pairing symmetry in strained graphene. Although the underlying attractive interactions need to be sufficiently strong and comparable in pristine graphene to support such pairing state, we argue that strain can be conducive for its formation even for weak interactions. We show that quantum-critical behavior near the transition is controlled by a multicritical point, characterized by various critical exponents computed here in the framework of an $\\epsilon$-expansion near four spacetime dimensions. Furthermore, a vortex in this mixed superconducting state hosts a pair of Majorana fermions supporting a quartet of insulating and superconducting orders, among which topologically nontrivial quantum spin Hall insulator. These findings suggest that strained graphene could provide a platform for the realization of exotic superconducting states of Dirac fermions.

Bitan Roy; Vladimir Juricic

2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

337

Thermoelectric Generators 1. Thermoelectric generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Cold Hot I - -- - - - - -- Figure 1 Electron concentration in a thermoelectric material. #12;2 A large1 Thermoelectric Generators HoSung Lee 1. Thermoelectric generator 1.1 Basic Equations In 1821 on the direction of current and material [3]. This is called the Thomson effect (or Thomson heat). These three

Lee, Ho Sung

338

Cooling of superconducting devices by liquid storage and refrigeration unit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is disclosed for cooling superconducting devices. The system includes a cryogen cooling system configured to be coupled to the superconducting device and to supply cryogen to the device. The system also includes a cryogen storage system configured to supply cryogen to the device. The system further includes flow control valving configured to selectively isolate the cryogen cooling system from the device, thereby directing a flow of cryogen to the device from the cryogen storage system.

Laskaris, Evangelos Trifon; Urbahn, John Arthur; Steinbach, Albert Eugene

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

339

Quasiseparable Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is clear from the preceding chapter that any matrix has quasiseparable representations. By padding given quasiseparable generators with zero matrices of large sizes one ... large orders. However, one is lookin...

Yuli Eidelman; Israel Gohberg…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Strong enhancement of superconductivity in a nanosized Pb bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent experiments with a superconducting nanosized Pb bridge formed between a scanning tunneling microscope tip and a substrate, superconductivity has been detected at magnetic fields, that are a few times larger than the third (surface) critical field. We describe the observed phenomenon on the basis of a numerical solution of the Ginzburg-Landau equations in a model structure consisting of six conoids. The spatial distribution of the superconducting phase is shown to be strongly inhomogeneous, with a concentration of the superconducting phase near the narrowest part (the “neck”) of the bridge. We show that suppression of superconductivity in the bridge by applied magnetic field or by temperature first occurs near the bases and then in the neck region, what leads to a continuous superconducting-to-normal resistive transition. A position of the transition midpoint depends on temperature and, typically, is by one order of magnitude higher than the second critical field Hc2. We find that the vortex states can be realized in the bridge at low temperatures T/Tcbridge that are characterized by a varying vorticity as a function of the bridge’s height.

V.R. Misko; V.M. Fomin; J.T. Devreese

2001-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Higgsless superconductivity from topological defects in compact BF terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new Higgsless model of superconductivity, inspired from anyon superconductivity but P- and T-invariant and generalizable to any dimension. While the original anyon superconductivity mechanism was based on incompressible quantum Hall fluids as average field states, our mechanism involves topological insulators as average field states. In D space dimensions it involves a (D-1)-form fictitious pseudovector gauge field which originates from the condensation of topological defects in compact low-energy effective BF theories. In the average field approximation, the corresponding uniform emergent charge creates a gap for the (D-2)-dimensional branes via the Magnus force, the dual of the Lorentz force. One particular combination of intrinsic and emergent charge fluctuations that leaves the total charge distribution invariant constitutes an isolated gapless mode leading to superfluidity. The remaining massive modes organise themselves into a D-dimensional charged, massive vector. There is no massive Higgs scalar as there is no local order parameter. When electromagnetism is switched on, the photon acquires mass by the topological BF mechanism. Although the charge of the gapless mode (2) and the topological order (4) are the same as those of the standard Higgs model, the two models of superconductivity are clearly different since the origins of the gap, reflected in the high-energy sectors are totally different. In 2D this type of superconductivity is explicitly realized as global superconductivity in Josephson junction arrays. In 3D this model predicts a possible phase transition from topological insulators to Higgsless superconductors.

M. Cristina Diamantini; Carlo A. Trugenberger

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

342

Efficient Generation of Generic Entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find that generic entanglement is physical, in the sense that it can be generated in polynomial time from two-qubit gates picked at random. We prove as the main result that such a process generates the average entanglement of the uniform (Haar) measure in at most $O(N^3)$ steps for $N$ qubits. This is despite an exponentially growing number of such gates being necessary for generating that measure fully on the state space. Numerics furthermore show a variation cut-off allowing one to associate a specific time with the achievement of the uniform measure entanglement distribution. Various extensions of this work are discussed. The results are relevant to entanglement theory and to protocols that assume generic entanglement can be achieved efficiently.

R. Oliveira; O. C. O. Dahlsten; M. B. Plenio

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

343

Quantitative crystal structure descriptors from multiplicative congruential generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Certain number-theoretic relations, known as multiplicative congruential generators, are developed into quantitative crystal structure descriptors, facilitating a linearization procedure that eventually allows for a concise, fully reconstructable representation of structural information. Potential applications are related to the computational storage, retrieval and analysis of crystal structures, their algorithmic generation in the first place, and their combinatorial enumeration and classification.

Hornfeck, W.

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

Microwave generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave generator is provided for generating microwaves substantially from virtual cathode oscillation. Electrons are emitted from a cathode and accelerated to an anode which is spaced apart from the cathode. The anode has an annular slit there through effective to form the virtual cathode. The anode is at least one range thickness relative to electrons reflecting from the virtual cathode. A magnet is provided to produce an optimum magnetic field having the field strength effective to form an annular beam from the emitted electrons in substantial alignment with the annular anode slit. The magnetic field, however, does permit the reflected electrons to axially diverge from the annular beam. The reflected electrons are absorbed by the anode in returning to the real cathode, such that substantially no reflexing electrons occur. The resulting microwaves are produced with a single dominant mode and are substantially monochromatic relative to conventional virtual cathode microwave generators. 6 figs.

Kwan, T.J.T.; Snell, C.M.

1987-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

345

Method of constructing a superconducting magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.

Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

MAGNETIC DESIGN OF A SUPERCONDUCTING AGS SNAKE.  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory plans to build a partial helical snake for polarized proton acceleration in the AGS. It will be a 3 Tesla superconducting magnet having a magnetic length of 1.9 meter. AGS needs only one magnet and currently there is no plan to build a prototype. Therefore, the first magnet itself must function at the design operating field and provide the required field quality, spin rotation and deflections on the particle beam. New software have been developed that exchanges input/output between the OPERA3d field design program, the Pro-Engineering CAD model and the software that drives the machine to make slots in aluminum cylinders where blocks of 6-around-I NbTi wires are placed. This new software have been used to carry out a number of iterations to satisfy various design requirements and to assure that the profile that is used in making field computations is the same that is used in cutting metal. The optimized coil cross-section is based on a two layer design with both inner and outer layers having five current blocks per quadrant. The ends are based on a design concept that will be used for the first time in accelerator magnets.

GUPTA,R.; LUCCIO,A.; MORGAN,G.; MACKAY,W.; POWER,K.; ROSER,T.; WILLEN,E.; OKAMURA,M.

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

347

Steady-State Heat Transfer in He II through Porous Superconducting Cable Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The LHC program includes the study of thermal behavior of the superconducting cables wound in the dipole magnet cooled by superfluid helium (He II). Insulation of these superconducting cables forms the major ... ...

B. J. P. Baudouy; F.-P. Juster; C. Meuris…

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

New Concept of a Superconducting Fault Current Limiter and Its Evaluation of Quenching Feature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper reviews the concept of a new superconducting fault current limiter with NbTi AC superconducting wire for the suppression of short-circuit currents. This fault current limiter takes full advantag...

Kiyoshi Okaniwa; Tsukushi Hara; Takahiko Yamamoto…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Status and Plans for a Superconducting RF Accelerator Test Facility at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator (ASTA) is being constructed at Fermilab. The existing New Muon Lab (NML) building is being converted for this facility. The accelerator will consist of an electron gun, injector, beam acceleration section consisting of 3 TTF-type or ILC-type cryomodules, multiple downstream beam lines for testing diagnostics and conducting various beam tests, and a high power beam dump. When completed, it is envisioned that this facility will initially be capable of generating a 750 MeV electron beam with ILC beam intensity. An expansion of this facility was recently completed that will provide the capability to upgrade the accelerator to a total beam energy of 1.5 GeV. Two new buildings were also constructed adjacent to the ASTA facility to house a new cryogenic plant and multiple superconducting RF (SRF) cryomodule test stands. In addition to testing accelerator components, this facility will be used to test RF power systems, instrumentation, and control systems for future SRF accelerators such as the ILC and Project-X. This paper describes the current status and overall plans for this facility.

Leibfritz, J.; Andrews, R.; Baffes, C.M.; Carlson, K.; Chase, B.; Church, M.D.; Harms, E.R.; Klebaner, A.L.; Kucera, M.; Martinez, A.; Nagaitsev, S.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Design parameters and commissioning of vertical inserts used for testing the XFEL superconducting cavities  

SciTech Connect

The European XFEL is a new research facility currently under construction at DESY in the Hamburg area in Germany. From 2015 on, it will generate extremely intense X-ray flashes that will be used by researchers from all over the world. The superconducting XFEL linear accelerator consists of 100 accelerator modules with more than 800 RF-cavities inside. The accelerator modules, superconducting magnets and cavities will be tested in the accelerator module test facility (AMTF). This paper gives an overview of the design parameters and the commissioning of the vertical insert, used in two cryostats (XATC) of the AMTF-hall. The Insert serves as a holder for 4 nine-cell cavities. This gives the possibility to cool down 4 cavities to 2K in parallel and, consequently, to reduce the testing time. The following RF measurement, selected as quality check, will be done separately for each cavity. Afterwards the cavities will be warmed up again and will be sent to the accelerator module assembly.

Schaffran, J.; Bozhko, Y.; Petersen, B.; Meissner, D. [Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Chorowski, M.; Polinski, J. [Wroclaw University of Technology, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw (Poland)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

351

Operation of 17. 5 T superconducting magnet system in the last 8 years  

SciTech Connect

A 17.5 T hybrid superconducting magnet with an outer Nb/sub 3/Sn section and an inner V/sub 3/Ga section was installed at National Research Institute for Metals (Japan) at the beginning of 1976. Since then the magnet system has been successfully operated about 60 times without any trouble. The magnet still generates the world-highest field in the superconducting state. Ordinarily, it is cooled from room temperature down to about 15 K using two helium refrigerators with a total refrigeration power of 750 W at 20 K. For one day operation, about 120 liters of liquid is transfered into the cryostat. It requires about 2 hours to induce the magnetic field from 0 to 17.5 T. The liquid helium evaporation rate is about 4.5 liters/hr when the magnet is in full operation. To suppress the instability due to the tape movement, it was necessary to refasten tie-rods between the upper and lower flanges of the magnet during the first few years after the installation. The magnet has been effectively used to measure the critical current of newly developed high-field superconductors.

Tachikawa, K.; Asano, T.; Iijima, Y.; Inove, K.; Itoh, K.; Tanaka, Y.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Fabrication of superconducting wire using organometallic precursors and infiltration  

SciTech Connect

Organometallic precursors from naphthenic acid and metal nitrates were used for the synthesis of YBCO oxide superconducting compounds. The characteristics of metal naphthenates as organometallic precursors were investigated by IR spectra, viscosity measurements, and infiltration. 123 superconducting compound obtained from 123 naphthenate showed a Tc of 90{degree}K and a rather dense and elongated microstructure. Also, the melting behavior of Ba-cuprates which were used for 123 making was studied. A low-temperature melting process was developed to fabricate silver-sheathed superconducting wire with the powder-in-tube method; flowing argon gas is introduced to the system at 930-945{degree}C to reduce the melting temperature of the 123 compound without silver sheath melting. It resulted in a 90{degree}K Tc superconducting core with dense and locally aligned microstructure. SEM-EDS and XRD analysis, 4-probe resistance and Jc measurements, and carbon-content determinations were carried out to characterize the microstructure, grain alignment, and superconducting properties of the samples.

Lee, Y.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock wave formation of superconductive ceramic oxide electric and magnetic circuit elements with improved microstructures and mechanical properties. 10 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Maple, M.B.; Geballe, T.H.

1987-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

354

Magnetocumulative generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved magnetocumulative generator is described that is useful for producing magnetic fields of very high energy content over large spatial volumes. The polar directed pleated magnetocumulative generator has a housing providing a housing chamber with an electrically conducting surface. The chamber forms a coaxial system having a small radius portion and a large radius portion. When a magnetic field is injected into the chamber, from an external source, most of the magnetic flux associated therewith positions itself in the small radius portion. The propagation of an explosive detonation through high-explosive layers disposed adjacent to the housing causes a phased closure of the chamber which sweeps most of the magnetic flux into the large radius portion of the coaxial system. The energy content of the magnetic field is greatly increased by flux stretching as well as by flux compression. The energy enhanced magnetic field is utilized within the housing chamber itself.

Pettibone, J.S.; Wheeler, P.C.

1981-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

355

Monthly Generation System Peak (pbl/generation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation > Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Monthly Generation System Peak (GSP) This site is no longer maintained. Page last...

356

Photon generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photon generator includes an electron gun for emitting an electron beam, a laser for emitting a laser beam, and an interaction ring wherein the laser beam repetitively collides with the electron beam for emitting a high energy photon beam therefrom in the exemplary form of x-rays. The interaction ring is a closed loop, sized and configured for circulating the electron beam with a period substantially equal to the period of the laser beam pulses for effecting repetitive collisions.

Srinivasan-Rao, Triveni (Shoreham, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Fully Distributed Trust Model based on Trust Graph for Mobile Ad hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fully Distributed Trust Model based on Trust Graph for Mobile Ad hoc Networks Mawloud Omar, Yacine University of Technology, France. bouabdal@hds.utc.fr Abstract A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a wireless that defines who trusts who and how. Our work aims to provide a fully distributed trust model for mobile ad hoc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

Findings from the 2004 Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-58178 Findings from the 2004 Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities M;Findings from the 2004 Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities September 7, 2005 Mary Ann Manager Dave Michel Contract 500-03-026 Sponsored by the California Energy Commission PIER Demand Response

359

Fully-Coupled Simulations of the Rotorcraft / Ship Dynamic Interface Emre Alpman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

representation of the effect of ship deck on the rotor wake (simplified ground effectFully-Coupled Simulations of the Rotorcraft / Ship Dynamic Interface Emre Alpman exa152@psu A fully- coupled simulation tool has been developed to analyze the rotorcraft/ship dynamic interface

360

A Discriminative Model-Constrained Graph Cuts Approach to Fully Automated Pediatric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Discriminative Model-Constrained Graph Cuts Approach to Fully Automated Pediatric Brain Tumor of Radiology, University Medical Center, Erlangen, Germany 4 Siemens, CT SE SCR 2, Erlangen, Germany Abstract. In this paper we present a fully automated approach to the segmentation of pediatric brain tumors in multi

Carneiro, Gustavo

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361

Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selected cryogenic data notebook selected cryogenic data notebook (Digitized and put on web from the original report : BNL 10200-R, Revised August 1980) Compiled and Edited by J.E. Jensen, W.A. Tuttle, R.B. Stewart, H. Brechna and A.G. Prodell Brookhaven National Laboratory NOTE: The indexing is primitive. A useful place to start may be the Subject Index A PDF viewer is required to see most articles. Cover Page Introduction Subject Index Expanded subject index (under construction) Disclaimer Click here to go to Material Properties Important to the Design of A Large Superconducting Magnet Click Here to View the Proceedings of the 1968 Summer Study on Superconducting Devices and Accelerators Go to the Home Page of the Superconducting Magnet Division (SMD) at BNL Go to the Workshop Page at SMD Go to the Publication Page at SMD

362

SUPERCONDUCTING DIPOLE MAGNETS FOR THE LHC INSERTION REGIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUPERCONDUCTING DIPOLE MAGNETS FOR THE LHC INSERTION SUPERCONDUCTING DIPOLE MAGNETS FOR THE LHC INSERTION REGIONS E. Willen, M. Anerella, J. Cozzolino, G. Ganetis, A. Ghosh, R. Gupta, M. Harrison, A. Jain, A. Marone, J. Muratore, S. Plate, J. Schmalzle, P. Wanderer, K.C. Wu, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA Abstract Dipole bending magnets are required to change the horizontal separation of the two beams in the LHC. In Intersection Regions (IR) 1, 2, 5, and 8, the beams are brought into collision for the experiments located there. In IR4, the separation of the beams is increased to accommodate the machine's particle acceleration hardware. As part of the US contribution to the LHC Project, BNL is building the required superconducting magnets. Designs have been developed featuring a single

363

A new microphonics measurement method for superconducting RF cavities  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical vibrations of the superconducting cavity, also known as microphonics, cause shifts in the resonant frequency of the cavity. In addition to requiring additional RF power, these frequency shifts can contribute to errors in the closed loop phase and amplitude regulation. In order to better understand these effects, a new microphonics measurement method was developed, and the method was successfully used to measure microphonics on the half-wave superconducting cavity when it was operated in a production style cryostat. The test cryostat held a single ?=0.1 half-wave cavity which was operated at 162.5 MHz [1] and [2]. It's the first time that the National Instruments PXIe-5641R intermediate frequency transceiver has been used for microphonics measurements in superconducting cavities. The new microphonics measurement method and results will be shown and analyzed in this paper.

Gao,Zheng; He,Yuan; Chang,Wei; Powers, Tom [JLAB; Yue,Wei-ming; Zhu,Zheng-long; Chen,Qi

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A worldwide overview of superconductivity development efforts for utility applications  

SciTech Connect

The progress and prospects for the application of high temperature superconductivity to the electric power sector has been the topic of an IEA Implementing Agreement begun in 1990. The present task members are: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. As a result of the Implementing Agreement, work has been performed by the Operating Agent with the full participation of all of the member countries. This work has facilitated the exchange of information among experts in all member countries and is the basis for much of the information contained in this paper. This paper summarizes progress toward application of high temperature superconductivity to devices for use in the electric power sector such as: fault-current limiters, cables, superconducting magnetic energy Storage, rotating machinery, transformers, and flywheels incorporating magnetic bearings. Such devices are being designed, built and tested throughout the world.

Giese, R.F.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Uniformly wound superconducting coil and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coil of superconducting wire for a superconducting magnet having a relaely dense and uniformly spaced winding to enhance the homogeneity and strength of the magnetic field surrounding the coil and a method of winding the same wherein the mandrel used to wind said coil comprises removable spacers and retainers forming a plurality of outwardly opening slots, each of said slots extending generally about the periphery of the mandrel and being sized to receive and outwardly align and retain successive turns of the superconducting wire within each slot as the wire is wound around and laterally across the mandrel to form a plurality of wire ribbons of a predetermined thickness laterally across the mandrel.

Mookerjee, Sumit (Cedar Hill, TX); Weijun, Shen (Beijun, CN); Yager, Billy (Waxahachie, TX)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Uniformly wound superconducting coil and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coil of superconducting wire for a superconducting magnet is described having a relatively dense and uniformly spaced winding to enhance the homogeneity and strength of the magnetic field surrounding the coil and a method of winding the same wherein the mandrel used to wind said coil comprises removable spacers and retainers forming a plurality of outwardly opening slots, each of said slots extending generally about the periphery of the mandrel and being sized to receive and outwardly align and retain successive turns of the superconducting wire within each slot as the wire is wound around and laterally across the mandrel to form a plurality of wire ribbons of a predetermined thickness laterally across the mandrel. 8 figures.

Mookerjee, S.; Weijun, S.; Yager, B.

1994-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

367

New phase of matter discovered In superconducting material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New phase of matter discovered In superconducting material New phase of matter discovered In superconducting material New phase of matter discovered In superconducting material Tiny crystals, probed with a device called a resonant ultrasound spectrometer, are helping solve the long-time mystery of "pseudogap behavior" in copper oxide superconductors. June 6, 2013 Arkady Shekhter setting up the resonant ultrasound measurement in a flow cryostat. Arkady Shekhter setting up the resonant ultrasound measurement in a flow cryostat. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email News flash: The pseudogap is indeed a phase of matter. Albert Migliori, LANL Fellow and Seaborg Institute director noted that, "the key effects were so small that extreme attention to eliminating spurious signals

368

Graphite and its Hidden Superconductivity | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Graphite and its Hidden Superconductivity Graphite and its Hidden Superconductivity Wednesday, November 20, 2013 - 2:00pm SLAC, Conference Room 137-322 Pablo Esquinazi, University of Leipzig We review different experimental results that indicate the existence of granular superconductivity at high temperatures at graphite interfaces. In particular we will discuss the following experimental results: The temperature and magnetic field dependence of the electrical resistance of bulk and thin graphite samples and its relation with the existence of two-dimensional (2D) interfaces. The anomalous hysteresis in the magnetoresistance observed in graphite thin samples as well as its enhancement restricting the current path within the sample. The Josephson behavior of the current-voltage characteristics with

369

General trend for pressurized superconducting hydrogen-dense materials  

SciTech Connect

The long-standing prediction that hydrogen can assume a metallic state under high pressure, combined with arguments put forward more recently that this state might even be superconducting up to high temperatures, continues to spur tremendous research activities toward the experimental realization of metallic hydrogen. These efforts have however so far been impeded by the enormous challenges associated with the exceedingly large required pressure. Hydrogen-dense materials, of the MH{sub 4} form (where M can be, e.g., Si, Ge, or Sn) or of the MH{sub 3} form (with M being, e.g., Al, Sc, Y, or La), allow for the rather exciting opportunity to carry out a proxy study of metallic hydrogen and associated high-temperature superconductivity at pressures within the reach of current techniques. At least one experimental report indicates that a superconducting state might have been observed already in SiH{sub 4}, and several theoretical studies have predicted superconductivity in pressurized hydrogen-rich materials; however, no systematic dependence on the applied pressure has yet been identified so far. In the present work, we have used first-principles methods in an attempt to predict the superconducting critical temperature (T{sub c}) as a function of pressure (P) for three metal-hydride systems of the MH{sub 3} form, namely ScH{sub 3}, YH{sub 3}, and LaH{sub 3}. By comparing the obtained results, we are able to point out a general trend in the T{sub c}-dependence on P. These gained insights presented here are likely to stimulate further theoretical studies of metallic phases of hydrogen-dense materials and should lead to new experimental investigations of their superconducting properties.

Kim, D. Y.; Scheicher, R. H.; Mao, Ho-kwang; Kang, T. W.; Ahuja, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Buffer layers for REBCO films for use in superconducting devices  

SciTech Connect

A superconducting article includes a substrate having a biaxially textured surface. A biaxially textured buffer layer, which can be a cap layer, is supported by the substrate. The buffer layer includes a double perovskite of the formula A.sub.2B'B''O.sub.6, where A is rare earth or alkaline earth metal and B' and B'' are different transition metal cations. A biaxially textured superconductor layer is deposited so as to be supported by the buffer layer. A method of making a superconducting article is also disclosed.

Goyal, Amit; Wee, Sung-Hun

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

371

Superconducting fault current limiter for power utility application  

SciTech Connect

Recent accomplishments in the development of superconducting fault current limiters for power systems are outlined. These accomplishments include the comprehensive requirement for fault current limiters developed by SCE; down-selection; bridge concepts; shunt concepts; and high resistivity matrix substrates for HTS conductors. The proposed Phase II SPI-FCL Program is outlined. It is concluded that the SPI fault current limiter program will benefit both the power utility industry as well as the high temperature superconductivity community and progress of Phase I is right on target.

Leung, E. [Martin Marietta Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1994-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

372

TESTING AND EVALUATION OF SUPERCONDUCTING CABLES FOR THE LHC.  

SciTech Connect

As one of the activities of the US-LHC Accelerator Project, BNL is testing short samples of superconducting cables that will be used in the main LHC dipoles and quadrupoles. The purpose of these tests is to verify that the reels of superconducting cables as supplied by the vendors meet the required critical current specifications. The short-sample testing facility and the computer-assisted testing techniques for acquiring the data will be described. We also describe the data analysis, data storage, and data transmission methods.

THOMAS,R.; GHOSH,A.; MCCHESNEY,D.; JAIN,A.

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

373

Optical data transmission at the superconducting super collider  

SciTech Connect

Digital and analog data transmissions via fiber optics for the Superconducting Super Collider have been investigated. The state of the art of optical transmitters, low loss fiber waveguides, receivers and associated electronics components are reviewed and summarized. Emphasis is placed on the effects of the radiation environment on the performance of an optical data transmission system components. Also, the performance of candidate components of the wide band digital and analog transmission systems intended for deployment of the Superconducting Super Collider Detector is discussed. 27 refs., 15 figs.

Leskovar, B.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Superconducting travelling wave ring with high gradient accelerating section  

SciTech Connect

Use of a superconducting traveling wave accelerating (STWA) structure instead of a standing wave cavity has major advantages in increasing the accelerating gradient in the ILC. In contrast with standing wave cavity STWA requires feedback loop, which sends wave from the structure output to input, making a superconducting traveling wave ring (STWR). One or few input couplers need to excite STWR and compensate power dissipations due to beam loading. To control traveling wave regime in the structure two independent knobs can be used for tuning both resonant ring frequency and backward wave. We discuss two variants of the STWR with one and two feed couplers.

Avrakhov, P.; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Generation Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many local governments are using green power in their facilities and providing assistance to local businesses and residents to do the same. Green power is a subset of renewable energy that is produced with no GHG emissions, typically from solar, wind, geothermal, biogas, biomass, or low-impact small hydroelectric sources, includes three types of products: utility products (i.e., green power purchased from the utility through the electricity grid), renewable energy certificates (RECs), and on-site generation. Opportunities to purchase these products are increasing significantly, with annual green power market growth rates

Green Power

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Reactivation and operation of the large six-tesla CFFF superconducting magnet  

SciTech Connect

The second MHD superconducting magnet system constructed at the Argonne National Laboratory, originally intended for use in the coal-fired plasma MHD power generation program, has been in storage at Argonne since its assembly and short-term testing a decade ago. At that time it was energized for only a few days and then decommissioned. The magnet, a 6-T dipole having an effective length of 300 cm and a tapered warm bore of 80 to 100 cm, has recently been reactivated and put into service for sea water MHD propulsion research. This report describes the technical aspects of the reactivation process, as well as the operational characterization of the reconstituted system.

Hill, D.; Libera, J.; Petrick, M.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Reactivation and operation of the large six-tesla CFFF superconducting magnet  

SciTech Connect

The second MHD superconducting magnet system constructed at the Argonne National Laboratory, originally intended for use in the coal-fired plasma MHD power generation program, has been in storage at Argonne since its assembly and short-term testing a decade ago. At that time it was energized for only a few days and then decommissioned. The magnet, a 6-T dipole having an effective length of 300 cm and a tapered warm bore of 80 to 100 cm, has recently been reactivated and put into service for sea water MHD propulsion research. This report describes the technical aspects of the reactivation process, as well as the operational characterization of the reconstituted system.

Hill, D.; Libera, J.; Petrick, M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Non-Equilibrium Superconductivity in Kinetic Inductance Detectors for THz Photon Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low temperature Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) are attractive candidates for producing quantumsensitive, arrayable sensors for astrophysical and other precision measurement applications. The readout uses a low frequency probe signal with quanta of energy well-below the threshold for pair-breaking in the superconductor. We have calculated the detailed non-equilibrium quasiparticle and phonon energy spectra generated by the probe signal of the KID when operating well-below its superconducting transition temperature Tc within the framework of the coupled kinetic equations described by Chang and Scalapino.[1] At the lowest bath temperature studied Tb/Tc = 0.1 the quasiparticle distributions can be driven far from equilibrium. In addition to the low frequency probe signal we have incorporated a high frequency (~ 1 THz) source signal well-above the pair-breaking threshold of the superconductor. Calculations of source signal detection efficiency are discussed

Goldie, D J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Magnetocumulative generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved magnetocumulative generator is described that is useful for producing magnetic fields of very high energy content over large spatial volumes. The polar directed pleated magnetocumulative generator has a housing (100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105) providing a housing chamber (106) with an electrically conducting surface. The chamber (106) forms a coaxial system having a small radius portion and a large radius portion. When a magnetic field is injected into the chamber (106), from an external source, most of the magnetic flux associated therewith positions itself in the small radius portion. The propagation of an explosive detonation through high-explosive layers (107, 108) disposed adjacent to the housing causes a phased closure of the chamber (106) which sweeps most of the magnetic flux into the large radius portion of the coaxial system. The energy content of the magnetic field is greatly increased by flux stretching as well as by flux compression. The energy enhanced magnetic field is utilized within the housing chamber itself.

Pettibone, Joseph S. (Livermore, CA); Wheeler, Paul C. (Livermore, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Biogass Generator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Another internet tool by: Another internet tool by: Build Your Own Page 1 of 5 Teach...build...learn...renewable energy! Biogas Generator A Renewable Energy Project Kit The Pembina Institute What Is Biogas? Biogas is actually a mixture of gases, usually carbon dioxide and methane. It is produced by a few kinds of microorganisms, usually when air or oxygen is absent. (The absence of oxygen is called "anaerobic conditions.") Animals that eat a lot of plant material, particularly grazing animals such as cattle, produce large amounts of biogas. The biogas is produced not by the cow or elephant, but by billions of microor- ganisms living in its digestive system. Biogas also develops in bogs and at the bottom of lakes, where decaying organic matter builds up under wet and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Growth of superconducting Hg-1212 very-thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High quality epitaxial HgBa2CaCu2O6+delta (Hg- High 1212) films with thickness less than 100 nm have been successfully synthesized using cation-exchange process. The films show the superconducting transition up to similar to 118 K which is close...

Wu, Judy; Xie, Y. Y.; Kang, B. W.; Gapud, A. A.; Aytug, T.; Fang, L.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Quantized geodesic flow and superconductivity of plasma in fireballs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An explanation of stability of fireballs is proposed based on quantum effects in a thin surface layer of negatively charged plasma surrounding a positive kernel of a fireball. We construct a quantization of the geodesic flow on the sphere and study the quantum statistics of fermions confined to a spherical surface. Analogy with the BCS theory of superconductivity is explored; spectral gap is estimated.

M. Zelikin

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT FUNCTIONALS VIAÃ?th University Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia Abstract The basic idea of density functional theory is to map potential which is a functional of the density. The central task of density functional theory is to #12;nd

Gross, E.K.U.

384

Magnetic preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconductor comprised of a polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7[minus]X] (where 0 < X < 0.5) exhibits superconducting properties and is capable of conducting very large current densities. By aligning the two-dimensional Cu-O layers which carry the current in the superconducting state in the a- and b-directions, i.e., within the basal plane, a high degree of crystalline axes alignment is provided between adjacent grains permitting the conduction of high current densities. The highly anisotropic diamagnetic susceptibility of the polycrystalline metal oxide material permits the use of an applied magnetic field to orient the individual crystals when in the superconducting state to substantially increase current transport between adjacent grains. In another embodiment, the anisotropic paramagnetic susceptibility of rare-earth ions substituted into the oxide material is made use of as an applied magnetic field orients the particles in a preferential direction. This latter operation can be performed with the material in the normal (non-superconducting) state. 4 figs.

Capone, D.W.; Dunlap, B.D.; Veal, B.W.

1990-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

385

Method for obtaining large levitation pressure in superconducting magnetic bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for compressing magnetic flux to achieve high levitation pressures. Magnetic flux produced by a magnetic flux source travels through a gap between two high temperature superconducting material structures. The gap has a varying cross-sectional area to compress the magnetic flux, providing an increased magnetic field and correspondingly increased levitation force in the gap. 4 figs.

Hull, J.R.

1997-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

386

Preparation and characterization of TL-based superconducting thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple method for growth of Tl-based superconducting thin films is described. In this method, the precursor was prepared in a vacuum chamber by deposition of Ba, Ca and Cu metals or a Ba-Ca alloy and Cu metal. The precursor was then oxidized...

Wang, Pingshu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

387

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS AND OPTIONS FOR FINAL FOCUSING SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of using both high-temperature superconductors and con- ventional low-temperature superconductors and operated in particle accelera- tors!. It should be mentioned that before high-temperature superconductor are investi- gated. The use of high-temperature superconducting materials may offer an attractive, although

California at San Diego, University of

388

Particle pulses from superconducting aluminum tunnel junction detectors  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting aluminum tunnel junctions have been developed for use as particle detectors. This paper presents results on static characteristics of these devices. We also present results from tests of these detectors with 6-keV X-rays. An extrapolation of the properties of these detectors to one suitable for dark-matter detectors is discussed.

Stricker, D.A.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.; Johnson, R.T.; Lockhart, J.M.; Laws, K.; Simon, M.W.; Watson, R. (San Francisco State Univ., Physics and Astronomy Dept. San Francisco, CA (US))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Magnetic preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconductor comprised of a polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-X (where 0superconducting properties and is capable of conducting very large current densities. By aligning the two-dimensional Cu-O layers which carry the current in the superconducting state in the a- and b-directions, i.e., within the basal plane, a high degree of crystalline axes alignment is provided between adjacent grains permitting the conduction of high current densities. The highly anisotropic diamagnetic susceptibility of the polycrystalline metal oxide material permits the use of an applied magnetic field to orient the individual crystals when in the superconducting state to substantially increase current transport between adjacent grains. In another embodiment, the anisotropic paramagnetic susceptibility of rare-earth ions substituted into the oxide material is made use of as an applied magnetic field orients the particles in a preferential direction. This latter operation can be performed with the material in the normal (non-superconducting) state.

Capone, Donald W. (Bolingbrook, IL); Dunlap, Bobby D. (Bolingbrook, IL); Veal, Boyd W. (Downers Grove, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Superconducting articles of manufacture and method of producing same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bulk coatings of Nb.sub.3 Ge with high superconducting transition temperatures bonded to metallic substrates and a chemical vapor deposition method for producing such coatings on metallic substrates are disclosed. In accordance with the method, a Nb.sub.3 Ge coating having a transition temperature in excess of 21.5 K may be tightly bonded to a copper substrate.

Newkirk, Lawrence R. (Los Alamos, NM); Valencia, Flavio A. (Santa Fe, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Boussinesq-type formulations for fully nonlinear and extremely dispersive water waves: derivation and analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Article Boussinesq-type formulations for fully nonlinear...Agern Alle 11, 2970 Horsholm, Denmark Boussinesq formulations valid for highly dispersive...operators are replaced by finite-series (Boussinesq-type) approximations. Three different...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Loads Analysis of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Using Fully Coupled Simulation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the use of fully coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic simulation tools to perform a loads analysis of a 5-MW offshore wind turbine supported by a barge with moorings, one of many promising floating platform concepts.

Jonkman, J. M.; Buhl, M. L., Jr.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Microfabrication of Optically Flat Silicon Micro-Mirrors for Fully Programmable Micro-Diffraction Gratings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have fabricated and characterized a Fully Programmable Micro-Diffraction Grating (FPMDG) with 64 silicon micro-mirrors for spectral shaping in the visible and near-infrared wavelength range. The FPMDG arrays of 50 ?m ...

Timotijevic, B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Fully Solution-Processed Copper Chalcopyrite Thin Film Solar Cells: Materials Chemistry, Processing, and Device Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nanowire networks as window layers in thin film solar cells.window layer for fully solution-deposited thin filmITO) thin films by silver nanowire composite window layers

Chung, Choong-Heui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

New pole tip shapes mitigating torque ripple in short pitched and fully pitched switched reluctance motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High torque ripple is one of the major disadvantages of switched reluctance motor (SRM). Although there are several publications in the literature addressing the full or partial solution to the problem for conventional SRM, no publication exists for the torque ripple reduction of recently emerging fully pitched SRM. This paper deals with finding best dimension set for a particular stator and rotor pole tip shape aiming to reduce torque ripple in both short pitched and fully pitched SRMs. Five new stator and rotor pole tip structures have been investigated and compared with conventional pole tip. Analyses have been performed with the finite element (FE) models of 6/43-phase short pitched and fully pitched SRM with unipolar excitation. With the proposed pole tips, torque ripple is reduced by 24.1% in short pitched SRM for 10 A phase current and by 22.6% in fully pitched SRM for 5.59 A phase current.

Yusuf Ozoglu; Muhammet Garip; Erkan Mese

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Next-to-leading order hard scattering using fully unintegrated parton distribution functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the next-to-leading order fully unintegrated hard scattering coefficient for unpolarized gluon-induced deep inelastic scattering using the logical framework of parton correlation functions developed in previous work. In our approach, exact four-momentum conservation is maintained throughout the calculation. Hence, all nonperturbative functions, like parton distribution functions, depend on all components of parton four-momentum. In contrast to the usual collinear factorization approach where the hard scattering coefficient involves generalized functions (such as Dirac ? functions), the fully unintegrated hard scattering coefficient is an ordinary function. Gluon-induced deep inelastic scattering provides a simple illustration of the application of the fully unintegrated factorization formalism with a nontrivial hard scattering coefficient, applied to a phenomenologically interesting case. Furthermore, the gluon-induced process allows for a parametrization of the fully unintegrated gluon distribution function.

Ted C. Rogers

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

397

Fully automatic calibration of LIDAR and video streams from a vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work describes a fully automatic technique to calibrate a geometric mapping between lidar and video feeds on a mobile ground-based platform. This data association is a crucial first step for any multi-modal scene ...

Bileschi, Stanley M.

398

Next-to-Leading Order Hard Scattering Using Fully Unintegrated Parton Distribution Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the next-to-leading order fully unintegrated hard scattering coefficient for unpolarized gluon-induced deep inelastic scattering using the logical framework of parton correlation functions developed in previous work. In our approach, exact four-momentum conservation is maintained throughout the calculation. Hence, all non-perturbative functions, like parton distribution functions, depend on all components of parton four-momentum. In contrast to the usual collinear factorization approach where the hard scattering coefficient involves generalized functions (such as Dirac $\\delta$-functions), the fully unintegrated hard scattering coefficient is an ordinary function. Gluon-induced deep inelastic scattering provides a simple illustration of the application of the fully unintegrated factorization formalism with a non-trivial hard scattering coefficient, applied to a phenomenologically interesting case. Furthermore, the gluon-induced process allows for a parameterization of the fully unintegrated gluon distribution function.

Ted C. Rogers

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

399

Next-to-leading order hard scattering using fully unintegrated parton distribution functions  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the next-to-leading order fully unintegrated hard scattering coefficient for unpolarized gluon-induced deep inelastic scattering using the logical framework of parton correlation functions developed in previous work. In our approach, exact four-momentum conservation is maintained throughout the calculation. Hence, all nonperturbative functions, like parton distribution functions, depend on all components of parton four-momentum. In contrast to the usual collinear factorization approach where the hard scattering coefficient involves generalized functions (such as Dirac {delta} functions), the fully unintegrated hard scattering coefficient is an ordinary function. Gluon-induced deep inelastic scattering provides a simple illustration of the application of the fully unintegrated factorization formalism with a nontrivial hard scattering coefficient, applied to a phenomenologically interesting case. Furthermore, the gluon-induced process allows for a parametrization of the fully unintegrated gluon distribution function.

Rogers, Ted C. [Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Measurements of imbalance response for a rigid rotor fully supported on squeeze film dampers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASUREMENTS OF IMBALANCE RESPONSE FOR A RIGID ROTOR FULLY SUPPORTED ON SQUEEZE FILM DAMPERS A Thesis by DANIEL ROGER LUBELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2000 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering MEASUREMENTS OF IMBALANCE RESPONSE FORA RIGID ROTOR FULLY SUPPORTED ON SQUEEZE FILM DAMPERS by DANIEL ROGER LUBELL Submitted to Texas AlbM University in partial...

Lubell, Daniel Roger

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Thermoelectric generator  

SciTech Connect

A thermoelectric generator unit is described comprising: a hot side heat exchanger including a plate having extruded retention posts projecting from one surface of the plate, and fins adapted for contact with a heating source. The fins are positioned between two of the retention posts. Retention rods are inserted between the retention posts and the base of the fins to retain the fin in thermal contact with the plate surface upon insertion of the retention rod between the engaging surface of the post and the corresponding fin. Thermoelectric semi-conductor modules are in thermal contact with the opposite side of the hot side heat exchanger plate from the contact with the fins. The modules are arranged in a grid pattern so that heat flow is directed into each of the modules from the hot side heat exchanger. The modules are connected electrically so as to combine their electrical output; and a cold side heat exchanger is in thermal contact with the modules acting as a heat sink on the opposite side of the module from the hot side heat exchanger plate so as to produce a thermal gradient across the modules.

Shakun, W.; Bearden, J.H.; Henderson, D.R.

1988-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

402

Progress Toward Megawatt Class Superconducting Generators which Operate at Greater than 20 Kelvin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent advances in conductor development have enabled short lengths of Ag/BSCCO tape to carry current in excess of 6.5×104 A/cm2 at 2T and 20K. While prereacted long lengths of conductor are not yet able to provi...

C. E. Oberly; C. Joshi; A. J. Rodenbush; S. J. Young…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Introduction Minimal generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Minimal generation Random generation Minimal and probabilistic generation of finite generation of finite groups #12;Introduction Minimal generation Random generation Some motivation Let x1 random elements of G = x1, . . . , xk . (G is the group generated by x1, . . . , xk : all possible

St Andrews, University of

404

A fully 3D atomistic quantum mechanical study on random dopant induced effects in 25nm MOSFETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Fully 3D Atomistic Quantum Mechanical Study on RandomWang* Abstract— We present a fully 3D atomistic quantum me-Dopant ?uctuation, MOSFETs, 3D, threshold, LCBB, quantum

Jiang, Xiang-Wei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Coupled robot-flow injection analysis system for fully automated determination of total polyphenols in olive oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coupled robot-flow injection analysis system for fully automated determination of total polyphenols in olive oil ...

Jose A. Garcia-Mesa; M. Dolores Luque de Castro; Miguel Valcarcel

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction | Superconducting Magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Cable Winding Tests Superconducting Cable Winding Tests To increase the transfer function, a 6 around 1 cable was next used. This cable is more efficient because it allows the packing of more conductor within the volume surrounding the support tube. This also lowers the inductance of the coil, making quench protection easier, but requires a higher operating current. Traded off is the minimum radius of curvature that can be tolerated by the bonding process as well as the insulation integrity. For this test, the first layer was designed for a length of 8 inches, and the second layer is 6 inches long. The lengths were chosen to allow inspection of the different features which were designed in. The pole spacers on the first layer for this test were chosen to be solid copper wire, instead of the standard G-10 spacer. The copper allows for a

407

High Field Magnet R&D |Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Field Magnet R&D High Field Magnet R&D The Superconducting Magnet Division is developing advanced magnet designs and magnet-related technologies for high field accelerator magnets. We are currently working on magnets for three inter-related programs: High Field Magnets for Muon Collider Papers, Presentations Common Coil Magnets Papers, Presentations Interaction Region Magnets Papers, Presentations High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) Magnets Papers, Presentations This is part of a multi-lab superconducting magnet development program for new accelerator facilities that would be part of the U.S. High Energy Physics program. These programs (@BNL, @FNAL, @LBNL) are quite complimentary to each other, so that magnet designs and technologies developed at one laboratory can be easily transferred to another. The BNL

408

Project Fact Sheet Columbus HTS Power Cable Superconductivity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbus Columbus HTS Power Cable Superconductivity Partnerships with Industry www.oe.energy.gov Phone: 202 \ 586-1411 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-1 U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Avenue, SW - Washington, DC 20585 Plugging America Into the Future of Power This project involves field-testing of a long-length high-temperature superconducting (HTS) cable under real environmental stresses and real electrical loads. The cable system forms an important electrical link in a util- ity substation in Columbus, Ohio. What are its Primary aPPlications? HTS power cables are used for electricity transmission and distribution. The Columbus cable is a distribution cable, conducting electricity within a local grid. What are the Benefits to Utilities?

409

GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Project GSI Rapid Cycling Magnets Project While superconducting magnets easily achieve higher magnetic fields at lower cost than conventional electromagnets, it is very difficult to ramp superconducting magnets very quickly. But exactly that is needed at the planned new facility of GSI, the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (Institute for Heavy Ion Research), in Darmstadt, Germany. In the magnets of the SIS 200 ring, one of the components of the new facility, the magnetic field must be ramped from 0.5 Tesla to 4 Tesla at a rate of 1 Tesla per second. This ramp rate is almost 25 times faster than the ramp rate of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) magnets at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL), which ramp at a rate of 0.042 Tesla per second. While the SIS 200 magnets also require a slightly higher field strength than the

410

Decay Processes in the Presence of Thin Superconducting Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 070401 (2006)] the transition rate of magnetic spin-flip of a neutral two-level atom trapped in the vicinity of a thick superconducting body was studied. In the present paper we will extend these considerations to a situation with an atom at various distances from a dielectric film. Rates for the corresponding electric dipole-flip transition will also be considered. The rates for these atomic flip transitions can be reduced or enhanced, and in some situations they can even be completely suppressed. For a superconducting film or a thin film of a perfect conducting material various analytical expressions are derived that reveals the dependence of the physical parameters at hand.

Per K. Rekdal; Bo-Sture K. Skagerstam

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

411

Accurate estimates for magnetic bottles in connection with superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the theory of superconductivity and more precisely by the problem of the onset of superconductivity in dimension two, many papers devoted to the analysis in a semi-classical regime of the lowest eigenvalue of the Schr\\"odinger operator with magnetic field have appeared recently. Here we would like to mention the works by Bernoff-Sternberg, Lu-Pan, Del Pino-Felmer-Sternberg and Helffer-Morame and also Bauman-Phillips-Tang for the case of a disc. In the present paper we settle one important part of this question completely by proving an asymptotic expansion to all orders for low-lying eigenvalues for generic domains. The word `generic' means in this context that the curvature of the boundary of the domain has a unique non-degenerate maximum.

S. Fournais; B. Helffer

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

412

Fate of False Vacuum in Superconducting Flux Qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a similarity between the scenario of fate of false vacuum in cosmology at early universe and the situation in where the quantum state decays in superconducting Flux qubit. This is due to the fact that both cases have two homogeneous stable equilibrium states in scalar field, which in quantum theory, could penetrate through the barrier in different possibilities and hence considered unstable decaying in time. In quantum computation, decay rate is among the most important factors in characteristics of the system like coherency, reliability, measurement fidelity, etc. In this considered potential, the decay rate from the penetrating (False vacuum) state to the stable (absolute minimum) state is achieved to leading order in Planck constant by the approach of Instanton model. In case of the superconducting flux qubit having thin barrier potential, the decay rate is calculated and its relations with actual set of parameters in flux qubit design are introduced.

Rad, Ali Izadi; Fardmanesh, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Fate of False Vacuum in Superconducting Flux Qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a similarity between the scenario of fate of false vacuum in cosmology at early universe and the situation in where the quantum state decays in superconducting Flux qubit. This is due to the fact that both cases have two homogeneous stable equilibrium states in scalar field, which in quantum theory, could penetrate through the barrier in different possibilities and hence considered unstable decaying in time. In quantum computation, decay rate is among the most important factors in characteristics of the system like coherency, reliability, measurement fidelity, etc. In this considered potential, the decay rate from the penetrating (False vacuum) state to the stable (absolute minimum) state is achieved to leading order in Planck constant by the approach of Instanton model. In case of the superconducting flux qubit having thin barrier potential, the decay rate is calculated and its relations with actual set of parameters in flux qubit design are introduced.

Ali Izadi Rad; Hesam Zandi; Mehdi Fardmanesh

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

414

THE SNS VACUUM CONTROL SYSTEM UPGRADE FOR THE SUPERCONDUCTING LINAC  

SciTech Connect

The superconducting linac of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) has 23 cryomodules whose vacuum system is monitored and controlled by custom built hardware. The original control hardware was provided by Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and contained a variety of custom boards utilizing integrated circuits to perform logic. The need for control logic changes, a desire to increase maintainability, and a desire to increase flexibility to adapt for the future has led to a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) based upgrade. This paper provides an overview of the commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware being used in the superconducting vacuum control system. Details of the design and challenges to convert a control system during small windows of maintenance periods without disrupting beam operation will be covered in this paper.

Williams, Derrick C [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Acoustic microscopy for characterization of high?temperature superconducting tape  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although material scientists constantly discover superconducting compounds with higher critical temperatures (T c ’s) manufacturing of the high?temperature superconductors(HTS) remains a problem and long lengths (>1 mile) have yet to be produced. In an effort to produce long length superconductors manufacturing steps for HTS tape production have been critically looked at to find their effects in producing tape with the desired characteristics. In support of determining superconducting tapecharacteristics acoustic microscopy offers the potential for internal microstructural material characterization. This research will ultimately support in?process monitoring of HTSmanufacturing as part of an advanced sensing system to determine the presence of defects and/or the effects of process variables on the HTS tape. This presentation will overview scanning acoustic microscopy and present images of HTS tape at several frequencies ranging from 50 to 500 MHz. The results clearly demonstrate the feasibility of determining the Ag/ceramic interface location and the general integrity of the constituents.

Chiaki Miyasaka; Chris Cobucci; Bernhard Tittmann

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Color Superconductivity in Compact Stars and Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of color superconductivity on the structure and formation of compact stars. We show that it is possible to satisfy most of recent observational boundaries on masses and radii if a diquark condensate forms in a hybrid or a quark star. Moreover, we find that a huge amount of energy, of the order of $10^{53}$ erg, can be released in the conversion from a (metastable) hadronic star into a (stable) hybrid or quark star, if the presence of a color superconducting phase is taken into account. Accordingly to the scenario proposed in Astrophys.J.586(2003)1250, the energy released in this conversion can power a Gamma Ray Burst. This mechanism can explain the recent observations indicating a delay, of the order of days or years, between a few Supernova explosions and the subsequent Gamma Ray Burst.

A. Drago; A. Lavagno; G. Pagliara

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

417

Spontaneous quenches of a high temperature superconducting pancake coil  

SciTech Connect

A double-pancake coil made of Bi-2223/Ag high temperature superconducting (HTS) tape was constructed with an embedded heater and graded conductors to study the stability and quench propagation in HTS coils. The experiments were performed with liquid nitrogen and gaseous helium cooling in temperatures ranging from 5 to 77 K. The coil was very stable, and no ``normal`` zone was sustained or propagated with local pulsed heating. However, spontaneous quenches of the cod were experienced. This was found to be the result of having the coil current higher than that of the lower I{sub c} sections of the coil for a long time. This quench process took minutes to develop--much longer than would be expected in a low temperature superconducting coil. The quench behaved more like a spreading and continuous heating of an increasingly larger partially resistive section of the coil than like a sequential ``normal`` front propagation.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Aized, D.; Campbell, J.M.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Spontaneous quenches of a high temperature superconducting pancake coil  

SciTech Connect

A double-pancake coil made of Bi-2223/Ag high temperature superconducting (HTS) tape was constructed with an embedded heater and graded conductors to study the stability and quench propagation in HTS coils. The experiments were performed with liquid nitrogen and gaseous helium cooling in temperatures ranging from 5 to 77 K. The coil was very stable, and no normal zone was sustained or propagated with local pulsed heating. However, spontaneous quenches of the coil were experienced. This was found to be the result of having the coil current higher than that of the lower I{sub c} sections of the coil for a long time. This quench process took minutes to develop--much longer than would be expected in a low temperature superconducting coil. The quench behaved more like a spreading and continuous heating of an increasingly larger partially resistive section of the coil than like a sequential normal front propagation.

Lue, J.W.; Lubell, M.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Aized, D.; Campbell, J.M.; Schwall, R.E. [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)] [American Superconductor Corp., Westborough, MA (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Fast Ferroelectric L-Band Tuner for Superconducting Cavities  

SciTech Connect

Design, analysis, and low-power tests are described on a ferroelectric tuner concept that could be used for controlling external coupling to RF cavities for the superconducting Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) in the electron cooler of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The tuner configuration utilizes several small donut-shaped ferroelectric assemblies, which allow the design to be simpler and more flexible, as compared to previous designs. Design parameters for 704 and 1300 MHz versions of the tuner are given. Simulation results point to efficient performance that could reduce by a factor-of-ten the RF power levels required for driving superconducting cavities in the BNL ERL.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

420

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.; Chu, J.-H.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Toney, M.F.; Geballe, T.H.; Fisher, I.R.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

Method of manufacturing a niobium-aluminum-germanium superconductive material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for manufacturing flexible Nb.sub.3 (Al,Ge) multifilamentary superconductive material in which a sintered porous niobium compact is infiltrated with an aluminum-germanium alloy and thereafter deformed and heat treated in a series of steps at different successively higher temperatures preferably below 1000.degree. C. to produce filaments composed of Nb.sub.3 (Al,G3) within the compact. By avoiding temperatures in excess of 1000.degree. C. during the heat treatment, cladding material such as copper can be applied to facilitate a deformation step preceding the heat treatment and can remain in place through the heat treatment to also serve as a temperature stabilizer for supeconductive material produced. Further, these lower heat treatment temperatures favor formation of filaments with reduced grain size and, hence with more grain boundaries which in turn increase the current-carrying capacity of the superconductive material.

Wang, John L. (San Francisco, CA); Pickus, Milton R. (Oakland, CA); Douglas, Kent E. (Redondo Beach, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Superconductivity for Electric Systems: 2008 Annual Peer Review Final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Electric Systems: 2008 Annual Peer Review for Electric Systems: 2008 Annual Peer Review Final Report Superconductivity for Electric Systems: 2008 Annual Peer Review Final Report The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) for Electric Systems Program's specific mission is to work in partnership with industry to develop HTS wire and perform other research and development activities leading to the commercialization of HTS-based electric power applications by U.S. companies. This technology contributes to several key performance improvements of the grid. It enhances reliability by increasing capacity, which relieves congestion and helps prevent outages. Efficiency is improved as a result of the reduction of loss during operation which both conserves

424

Project Fact Sheet Long Island HTS Power Cable Superconducting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long Long Island HTS Power Cable Superconducting Power Equipment www.oe.energy.gov Phone: 202-586-1411 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-1 U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Avenue, SW - Washington, DC 20585 Plugging America Into the Future of Power What is the status of the Project? The cable was energized April 22, 2008 and serves the equivalent of 300,000 homes. It is the first HTS power cable to operate at transmission voltage in the grid. LIPA plans to retain the superconductor as a permanent part of it's grid. This project involves the demonstration of a high- temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable in the Long Island Power grid, spanning nearly half a mile and serving as a permanent link in the Long Island Power

425

Optimal Integrated Code Generation for Clustered VLIW Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

allows us to describe and optimize for irregular register and memory structures. In order to obtain or the power consumption, or by an efficient utilization of registers. Generating code consists in solving scheduling, and register allocation. We describe a method for fully integrated optimal code genera- tion

Kessler, Christoph

426

Optimal Integrated Code Generation for Clustered VLIW Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

allows us to describe and optimize for irregular register and memory structures. In order to obtain or the power consumption, or by an efficient utilization of registers. Generating code consists in solving scheduling, and register allocation. We describe a method for fully integrated optimal code genera­ tion

Kessler, Christoph

427

Ensure Continuous Power to Critical Industrial Processes with the New Superconducting Storage Device (SSD™)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration system. In that project a superconducling coil was used to provide energy to stabilizc a transmission line. Sl's focus on the benefits of superconducting magnetic energy storage Figure I. SI cryostat in an SSO trailer. 63 ESL-IE-92... capacity, While superconducting magnets have bcen used for over 10 years for magnetic resonance imaging, the only previous use of superconductivity for power systems has been a research project in the early eightjes on the Bonneville Power...

Dewinkel, C. C.; Koeppe, P. F.

428

Antenna-coupled high T[sub c] superconducting microbolometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is provided for measuring radiant energy, the device comprising a substrate; a bolometer formed from a high T[sub c] superconducting material disposed on the substrate in an area that is about 1[times]5 [mu]m[sup 2] and about 0.02 [mu]m in depth; and a planar antenna disposed on the substrate and coupled to receive radiation and to impart the received radiation to the bolometer. 5 figs.

Hu, Q.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Radiation-effects limits on copper in superconducting magnets  

SciTech Connect

The determination of the response of copper stabilizers to neutron irradiation in fusion-reactor superconducting magnets requires information in four areas: (1) neutron flux and spectrum determination, (2) resistivity changes at zero field, (3) resistivity changes at field, and (4) the cyclic irradiation and annealing. Applications of our current understanding of the limits of copper stabilizers in fusion-reactor designs are explored in two examples. Recommendations for future additions to the data base are discussed.

Guinan, M.W.

1983-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

430

Ferrimagnetic Spin Wave Resonance and Superconductivity in Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of ferrimagnetic spin wave resonance [uncompensated antiferromagnetic spin wave resonance] has been detected for the first time. It has been observed in carbon nanotubes, produced by high energy ion beam modification of diamond single crystals in $\\ $ direction. Peculiarities of spin wave resonance observed allow to insist on the formation in given nanotubes of $s^+$ superconductivity at room temperature, coexisting with uncompensated antiferromagnetic ordering.

Yerchuck, Dmitri; Stelmakh, Vyacheslav; Dovlatova, Alla; Alexandrov, Andrey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

SUPERCONDUCTING RING CYCLOTRON FOR RIKEN RI BEAM FACTORY IN JAPAN  

SciTech Connect

Since 1997, RIKEN Nishina Center has been constructing the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) and succeeded in beam commissioning of its accelerator complex at the end of 2006. The world's first superconducting ring cyclotron (SRC) is the final booster in the RIBF accelerator complex which is able to accelerate all-element heavy ions to a speed of about 70% of the velocity of light. The ring cyclotron consists of 6 major superconducting sector magnets with a maximum field of 3.8 T. The total stored energy is 235 MJ, and its overall sizes are 19 m diameter, 8 m height and 8,300 tons. The magnet system assembly was completed in August 2005, and successfully reached the maximum field in November 2005. The first beam was extracted at the end of 2006 and the first uranium beam was extracted in March 2007. However operation of the helium refrigerator was not satisfactory although the commissioning of SRC was successful. Operation was stopped every two month due to degradation of its cooling power. In February 2008 the reason of the degradation was revealed to be oil contamination. Operation of the cryogenic system was restarted from August 2008 after hard task to clean up the helium refrigerator and to add oil separators to the compressor. After restoration long-term steady operation to keep the magnet superconducting continued for about 8 months with no sign of degradation of cooling capacity.

Okuno, H.; Dantsuka, T.; Yamada, K.; Kase, M.; Maie, T.; Kamigaito, O. [RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan)

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

432

Stress dependent oxidation of sputtered niobium and effects on superconductivity  

SciTech Connect

We report on the suppression of room temperature oxidation of DC sputtered niobium films and the effects upon the superconductive transition temperature, T{sub c}. Niobium was sputter-deposited on silicon dioxide coated 150?mm wafers and permitted to oxidize at room temperature and pressure for up to two years. Resistivity and stress measurements indicate that tensile films greater than 400?MPa resist bulk oxidation with measurements using transmission electron microscope, electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectric spectroscopy, and secondary ion mass spectrometry confirming this result. Although a surface oxide, Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}, consumed the top 6–10?nm, we measure less than 1 at. % oxygen and nitrogen in the bulk of the films after the oxidation period. T{sub c} measurements using a SQUID magnetometer indicate that the tensile films maintained a T{sub c} approaching the dirty superconductive limit of 8.4?K after two years of oxidation while maintaining room temperature sheet resistance. This work demonstrates that control over niobium film stress during deposition can prevent bulk oxidation by limiting the vertical grain boundaries ability to oxidize, prolonging the superconductive properties of sputtered niobium when exposed to atmosphere.

David Henry, M., E-mail: mdhenry@sandia.gov; Wolfley, Steve; Monson, Todd; Clark, Blythe G.; Shaner, Eric; Jarecki, Robert [Sandia National Labs, MESA Fabrication Facility PO Box 5800 MS 1084, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1084 (United States)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

433

Design of a superconducting 20 MJ induction heating coil  

SciTech Connect

A pancake-wound, low-loss, superconducting, induction-heating coil has been designed to demonstrate the feasibility of superconducting polaidal system for the Tokamak reactors, to provide confidence in application of superconductivity to actual reactors, and to provide the opportunity to solve specific engineering problems to support the fusion pulsed coil program. the coil is designed to store 20 MJ at 50 kA. The superconductor material is NbTi for a 7.5 tesla maximum field. The coil is designed to survive at least 100,000 cycles of full bipolar half cycle sinusoidal operation from +7.5 tesla to -7.5 telsa fields in one second. The coil is natural convection immersion-cooled at 4.5/sup 0/K in liquid helium bath. The design demonstrates confidence in an advanced design, low-loss, cryostable conductor, along with safety, reliability and the operating life of the coil of more than 100,000 cycles.

Singh, S.K.; Ibrahim, E.A.; Gaberson, P.C.; Eckels, P.W.; Jarabak, A.J.; Rogers, J.D.; Thullen, P.; Walker, M.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Superconducting hot-electron nanobolometer with microwave bias and readout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new detection technique based on radio-frequency (RF) bias and readout of an antenna-coupled superconducting nanobolometer. This approach is suitable for Frequency-Division-Multiplexing (FDM) readout of large arrays using broadband low-noise RF amplifier. We call this new detector RFTES. This feasibility study was made on demonstrator devices which are made in all-Nb technology and operate at 4.2 K. The studied RFTES devices consist of an antenna-coupled superconducting nanobolometer made of ultrathin niobium films with transition temperature Tc = 5.2 K. The 0.65-THz antenna and nanobolometer are embedded as a load into a GHz-range coplanar niobium resonator (Tc = 8.9 K, Q = 4000). To heat the superconducting Nb nanobolometer close to the Tc, the RF power at resonator frequency f = 5.8 GHz is applied via a transmission line which is weakly coupled (-11 dB) to the loaded resonator. The THz-antenna of RFTES was placed in the focus of a sapphire immersion lens inside a He4-cryostat equipped with an ...

Kuzmin, A A; Shitov, S V; Abramov, N N; Ermakov, A B; Arndt, M; Wuensch, S H; Ilin, K S; Ustinov, A V; Siegel, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Audit of controls over Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory subcontractor expenditures  

SciTech Connect

In January 1989 the Department of Energy contracted with Universities Research Association, Inc. to design, construct, manage, operate, and maintain the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. Through Fiscal Year 1992, costs for subcontractor goods and services accounted for about 75 percent of the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory expenditures. The Office of Inspector General evaluated the adequacy of controls in place to ensure that subcontractor costs were reasonable, as required by the contract. The following conclusions were drawn from the audit. The Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory did not consistently exercise prudent business judgment in making subcontractor expenditures. As a result, $60 million in expenditures already made and $128 million planned with commercial subcontractors were, in the authors opinion, unnecessary, excessive, or represented uncontrolled growth. The audit also found inadequate justifications, accountability, and cost controls over $143 million in expenditures made and $47 million planned with other Department of Energy laboratories. Improvements were needed in subcontract administration and internal controls, including appropriate audit coverage of the subcontracts. In addition, Department of Energy guidance concerning procurement actions between the laboratories needed to be established.

Not Available

1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

Excitonic absorption and superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-y  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optical and neutron-diffraction studies of superconducting and nonsuperconducting samples of YBa2Cu3O7-y are described. Superconducting samples, with y?0.1, showed two strong electronic transitions, at 3000 cm-1/0.37 eV and at 20 000 cm-1/2.5 eV, which are interpreted as charge-transfer bands (i.e., excitons). Nonsuperconducting samples, with y?0.8 (prepared by heating of superconducting samples in vacuum to deplete the oxygen content), did not show these features. Our measurements support an excitonic mechanism for the superconductivity in high-Tc copper oxide compounds.

K. Kamarás, C. D. Porter, M. G. Doss, S. L. Herr, and D. B. Tanner, D. A. Bonn, J. E. Greedan, A. H. O’Reilly, C. V. Stager, and T. Timusk

1987-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - ag-clad bi-based superconducting Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dependencies of Summary: of Bi-based high-temperature superconducting tapes," Physical Review B, vol. 45, pp. 2545-2548, 1992. 7... 2840 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED...

438

E-Print Network 3.0 - astromag superconducting magnet Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

superconducting cuprates have the capability to pass very high currents in magnetic fields well above the highest... DC field in the world, the 45 tesla hybrid magnet (a ......

439

Proceedings of the fourth international conference and exhibition: World Congress on superconductivity. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The goals of the World Congress on Superconductivity (WCS) have been to establish and foster the development and commercial application of superconductivity technology on a global scale by providing a non-adversarial, non-advocacy forum where scientists, engineers, businessmen and government personnel can freely exchange information and ideas on recent developments and directions for the future of superconductive research. Sessions were held on: accelerator technology, power and energy, persistent magnetic fields, performance characterization, physical properties, fabrication methodology, superconductive magnetic energy storage (SMES), thin films, high temperature materials, device applications, wire fabrication, and granular superconductors. Individual papers are indexed separately.

Krishen, K.; Burnham, C. [eds.] [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX (United States). Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - argonne superconducting linac Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANL Argonne National Laboratory ANSI American National... superconducting undulator HVAC heating, ventilating, and air conditioning IBS intra-beam scattering ID inner......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) program, January 1-December 31, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Work reported is on the development of a 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit for use by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to stabilize power oscillations on their Pacific AC Intertie. The 30 MJ superconducting coil manufacture was completed. Design of the seismic mounting of the coil to the nonconducting dewar lid and a concrete foundation is complete. The superconducting application VAR (SAVAR) control study indicated a low economic advantage and the SAVAR program was terminated. An economic and technological evaluation of superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) was completed and the results are reported.

Rogers, J.D. (comp.)

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A design flux injector for NMR superconducting magnets : results of operation with superconducting insert cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been known for some time that high-temperature superconductors (HTS) are critical for the construction of NMR magnets generating 1 GHz and above. Such systems generally require an HTS insert to be placed in the inner ...

Mai, Rocky D. (Rocky Dikang)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A fully differential BiCMOS OTA for a 10.7MHz bandpass filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A FULLY DIFFERENTIAL BICMOS OTA FOR A 10. 7MHZ BANDPASS FILTER A Thesis by MUHAMMAD IMTIAZ ALI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1993 Major Subject: ElectricaJ Engineering A FULLY DIFFERENTIAL BICMOS OTA FOR A 10. 7MHZ BANDPASS FILTER A Thesis by MUHAMMAD IMTIAZ ALI Approved as to style and content by: g) /4 Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio (Chair of Committee) She f H. K...

Ali, Muhammad Imtiaz

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

444

Understanding and Managing Generation Y  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are four generations in the workplace today; they consist of the Silent Generation, Baby Boom Generation, Generation X, and Generation Y. Generation Y, being the newest generation, is the least understood generation although marketers...

Wallace, Kevin

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Effect of electron irradiation on superconductivity in single crystals of Ba(Fe1-xRux)2As2 (x=0.24)  

SciTech Connect

A single crystal of isovalently substituted Ba(Fe1?xRux)2As2 (x=0.24) is sequentially irradiated with 2.5 MeV electrons up to a maximum dose of 2.1×1019 e?/cm2. The electrical resistivity is measured in situ at T=22??K during the irradiation and ex situ as a function of temperature between subsequent irradiation runs. Upon irradiation, the superconducting transition temperature Tc decreases and the residual resistivity ?0 increases. We find that electron irradiation leads to the fastest suppression of Tc compared to other types of artificially introduced disorder, probably due to the strong short-range potential of the pointlike irradiation defects. A more detailed analysis within a multiband scenario with variable scattering potential strength shows that the observed Tc versus ?0 is fully compatible with s± pairing, in contrast to earlier claims that this model leads to a too rapid suppression of Tc with scattering.

Prozorov, Ruslan [Ames Laboratory; Konczykowski, M [Laboratoire des Solides Irradies; Tanatar, Makariy A. [Ames Laboratory; Thaler, Alexander [Ames Laboratory; Budko, Serguei L [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C [Ames Laboratory; Mishra, V [Argonne National Laboratory; Hirschfeld, P J [University of Florida

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Positional Disorder in the Fully Frustrated Josephson Junction Array: Random Gaussian Phase Shifts in the Fully Frustrated 2D XY Model  

SciTech Connect

We consider the effect of positional disorder on a Josephson junction array with an applied magnetic field of f=1/2 flux quantum per unit cell. This is equivalent to the problem of random Gaussian phase shifts in the fully frustrated 2D XY model. Using simple analytical arguments and numerical simulations, we present evidence that the ground state vortex lattice of the pure model becomes disordered, in the thermodynamic limit, by {ital any} finite amount of positional disorder. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Gupta, P.; Teitel, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

A "permanent" high-temperature superconducting magnet operated in thermal communication with a mass of solid nitrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores a new design for a portable "permanent" superconducting magnet system. The design is an alternative to permanent low-temperature superconducting (LTS) magnet systems where the magnet is cooled by a ...

Haid, Benjamin J. (Benjamin John Jerome), 1974-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Fabrication of arrays of nano-superconducting quantum interfernce devices using a double-angle processing approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SQUIDs) from high-temperature superconductors such as YBCOsuperconductors. However, the thermal noise inform the increased operating temperature os high-high-temperature superconductivity, Josephson junctions, electron beam lithography I. I NTRODUCTION Superconducting interference devices (SQUIDs) from conventional superconductors

Roediger, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Novel ASTA Users Facility At Fermilab: A Testbed For Superconducting RF Technology And ERL R&D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator (ASTA) currently under commissioning at Fermilab will enable a broad range of beam-based experiments to study fundamental limitations to beam intensity and to develop transformative approaches to particle-beam generation, acceleration and manipulation. ASTA incorporates a superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) linac coupled to a photoinjector and small-circumference storage ring capable of storing electrons or protons. ASTA will establish a unique resource for R&D towards Energy Frontier facilities and a test-bed for SRF accelerators and high-brightness beam applications, including ERLs. The unique features of ASTA include: (1) a high repetition-rate, (2) one of the highest peak and average brightness within the U.S., (3) a GeV-scale beam energy, (4) an extremely stable beam, (5) the availability of SRF and high quality beams together, and (6) a storage ring capable of supporting a broad range of ring-based advanced beam dynamics experiments. These unique featur...

Shiltsev, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A Fully Automated Fault-tolerant System for Distributed Video Processing and Off-site Replication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Fully Automated Fault-tolerant System for Distributed Video Processing and Off-site Replication been a failure-prone tedious operation with an operator needed to babysit the processing and off-site, off-site replication, fault-tolerance, grid, educational research. 1. INTRODUCTION In different fields

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

451

Two-dimensional numerical methods in electromagnetic hypersonics including fully coupled Maxwell equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the magnetic field source (solenoid or permanent magnet). To test the technique, we show the results obtainedTwo-dimensional numerical methods in electromagnetic hypersonics including fully coupled Maxwell Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands We describe a numerical technique for solving the coupled

D'Ambrosio, Domenic

452

FUNWAVE-TVD Fully Nonlinear Boussinesq Wave Model with TVD Solver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUNWAVE-TVD Fully Nonlinear Boussinesq Wave Model with TVD Solver Documentation and User's Manual Boussinesq wave model (FUN- WAVE) initially developed by Kirby et al. (1998). The development of the present version was motivated by recent needs for modeling of surfzone-scale optical properties in a Boussinesq

Kirby, James T.

453

ClusPro: a fully automated algorithm for protein protein docking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

possible to evaluate billions of putative complex structures covering a large set of the translationalClusPro: a fully automated algorithm for protein­ protein docking Stephen R. Comeau1 , David W.rcsb.org/pdb/). The docking algorithms evalu- ate billions of putative complexes, retaining a preset number with favorable

Vajda, Sandor

454

Fully Integrated NxN MEMS Wavelength Selective Switch with 100% Colorless Add-Drop Ports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fully Integrated NxN MEMS Wavelength Selective Switch with 100% Colorless Add-Drop Ports Shifu Yuan/drop ports. © 2007 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (060.2330) Fiber optics communications; (060 multi-port wavelength selective switches using liquid crystal devices. Micro-Electro-Mechanical System

Bowers, John

455

A Fully Conservative Ghost Fluid Method & Stiff Detonation Waves Computer Science Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Fully Conservative Ghost Fluid Method & Stiff Detonation Waves Duc Nguyen Computer Science applicable for tracking material interfaces, inert shocks, and both deflagration and detonation waves tracking inert shocks and detonation waves, so that is the focus of this paper. In particular, we address

Fedkiw, Ron

456

A fully automated and integrated multi-scale forecasting scheme for emergency preparedness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present one multi-scale integrated simulation technology for emergency preparedness with a holistic approach in hurricane, related storm surge and flood forecasting; infrastructure assessment; and emergency planning. This is an emergency ... Keywords: Finite element, Fully automated through scripting, Multi-scale hurricane simulation, Overland flow, Parallel computation, Water surge

Muhammad Akbar; Shahrouz Aliabadi; Reena Patel; Marvin Watts

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Scalable Optoelectronic ATM Networks: The iPOINT Fully Functional Testbed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scalable Optoelectronic ATM Networks: The iPOINT Fully Functional Testbed J. W. Lockwood, H. Duan validates the design of a 128 Gb s optoelectronic ATM switch. Optoelectronics, rather than all optical that maximizes the utility of photonic, electronic, and optoelectronic devices while simultaneously satisfying

Lockwood, John W.

458

Thin film optical waveguide and optoelectronic device integration for fully embedded board level optical interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin film optical waveguide and optoelectronic device integration for fully embedded board level on to the waveguide film. Measured propagation loss of the waveguide was 0.3dB/cm at 850nm. Keywords: optoelectronic between electronic and optoelectronic components as conventional approaches do, and additionally, real

Chen, Ray

459

Enhanced visibility of hydrogen atoms by neutron crystallography on fully deuterated myoglobin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

determined by x-ray crystallography except at very high resolution. The scattering of neutrons by hydrogenEnhanced visibility of hydrogen atoms by neutron crystallography on fully deuterated myoglobin Fong and structurally, direct visu- alization of them by using crystallography is difficult. Neutron crys- tallography

Ramakrishnan, Venki

460

A Fully Autonomous Indoor Quadrotor Slawomir Grzonka Giorgio Grisetti Wolfram Burgard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Fully Autonomous Indoor Quadrotor Slawomir Grzonka Giorgio Grisetti Wolfram Burgard Abstract--Recently there has been an increased interest in the development of autonomous flying vehicles. Whereas most system to autonomously operate in indoor environments. To achieve this, we systematically extend

Teschner, Matthias

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NTU Carbon Management Statement 2010 Nottingham Trent University fully supports government and HEFCE climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NTU Carbon Management Statement 2010 Nottingham Trent University fully supports government the following absolute carbon reduction target aligned to higher education sector target: · At least a 48% reduction in scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions from 2005/6 to 2020/21 NTU is currently completing actions from

Evans, Paul

462

Propagation of Wind Energy into the Deep Ocean through a Fully Turbulent Mesoscale Eddy Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors analyze the 3D propagation of wind-forced near-inertial motions in a fully turbulent mesoscale eddy field with a primitive equation numerical model. Although the wind stress is uniform, the near-inertial motion field quickly becomes ...

Eric Danioux; Patrice Klein; Pascal Rivière

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Thermionic power generation. January 1970-December 1980 (citations from the Engineering Index Data Base). Report for January 1970-December 1980  

SciTech Connect

Research on thermionic power generation, power plant design, converter design, and basic research on thermionic materials are cited in the bibliography. Spacecraft applications are also included. (Contains 138 citations, fully indexed and including a table of contents.)

Not Available

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006 Understanding and Pushing the Limits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006 Understanding and Pushing pinning " #12;Superconductivity for Electric Systems Annual Peer Review Arlington, VA July 25-27, 2006

465

Smart Materials Based System Operated at 2K Used as a Superconducting Cavity Tuner for VUV-fel Purpose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart Materials Based System Operated at 2K Used as a Superconducting Cavity Tuner for VUV-fel Purpose

Sekalski, P; Simrock, S; Albrecht, C; Lilje, L; Bosland, P; Fouaidy, M; Bosotti, A; Paparella, R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Generation of electromagnetic structures via modulational instability of drift waves  

SciTech Connect

Generation mechanism for large scale electromagnetic structures (blobs) is considered by employing the technique of four-wave interactions (modulational instability). It is shown that primary electrostatic turbulence may generate elongated electromagnetic structures with poloidal modulations. Such structures are principally related to drift-Alfven waves. The analysis fully takes into account finite ion temperature effects and associated diamagnetic contributions to Reynolds stress. The turbulent generation of blobs has instability growth rates which scale similar to the zonal flow instabilities, {gamma}{approx}, where q is a characteristic wave vector of large scale modes, and V-tilde is a characteristic amplitude of the velocity of turbulent fluctuations. This analysis is shown to be fully consistent with results of an earlier analysis by using the wave kinetic equation.

Smolyakov, A. I. [Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2 (Canada); Nuclear Fusion Institute, Russian Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute', 1 Kurchatov Square, 123182, Moscow (Russian Federation); Krasheninnikov, S. I. [University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Nb-Pb superconducting RF-gun TESLA-FEL Report 2005-09  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nb-Pb superconducting RF-gun TESLA-FEL Report 2005-09 J. Sekutowicz, J. Iversen, G. Kreps, W Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA We report on the status of an electron RF-gun made of two superconducting RF-gun as it has been proposed by the BNL group. Measured values of quantum efficiency for lead

468

Superconductivity and Physical Properties of CaPd2Ge2 Single Crystals  

SciTech Connect

We present the superconducting and normal state properties of CaPd2Ge2 single crystals investigated by magnetic susceptibility ?, isothermal magnetization M, heat capacity Cp, in-plane electrical resistivity ? and London penetration depth ? versus temperature T and magnetic field H measurements. Bulk superconductivity is inferred from the ?(T) and Cp(T) data. The ?(T) data exhibit metallic behavior and a superconducting transition with Tc onset = 1.98 K and zero resistivity at Tc 0 = 1.67 K. The ?(T) reveals the onset of superconductivity at 2.0 K. For T > 2.0 K, the ?(T) and M(H) are weakly anisotropic paramagnetic with ?ab > ?c. The Cp(T) data confirm the bulk superconductivity below Tc = 1.69(3) K. The superconducting state electronic heat capacity is analyzed within the framework of a single-band ?-model of BCS superconductivity and various normal and superconducting state parameters are estimated. Within the ?-model, the Cp(T) data and the ab plane ?(T) data consistently indicate a moderately anisotropic s-wave gap with ?(0)/kBTc ? 1.6, somewhat smaller than the BCS value of 1.764. The relationship of the heat capacity jump at Tc and the penetration depth measurement to the anisotropy in the s-wave gap is discussed.

Anand, V K [Ames Laboratory; Kim, Hyunsoo [Ames Laboratory; Tanatar, Makariy A [Ames Laboratory; Prozorov, Ruslan [Ames Laboratory; Johnston, David C [Ames Laboratory

2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

469

Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array Zheng Han1 of the Josephson junction array into a zero-temperature metallic state. The suppression of proximity, models involving specific types of Josephson junction arrays in which superconducting disks are coupled

Boyer, Edmond

470

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes David on small radius nanotubes, we study the superconducting in- stabilities of cylindrical (5,0) nanotubes. According to band structure calculations, these nanotubes possess three bands at the Fermi energy. Using

471

Use of Superconducting Magnet Technology for Astronaut Radiation Protection PI: Jeffery Hoffman, MIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Superconducting Magnet Technology for Astronaut Radiation Protection PI: Jeffery Hoffman of radiation from cosmic rays. The proposed superconducting magnetic radiation shielding system could a conceptual systems design. In Phase II, we plan to extend the shielding studies to a detailed comparison

Shepherd, Simon

472

High-Temperature Superconducting Cable Testing Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Temperature Superconducting Cable Testing Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic Field-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Cables are desirable for application in large high-field magnets (>20 T), especially when). Of the three HTS magnet cable concepts emerging, the Conductor On Round Core was the first that was tested

Weston, Ken

473

Superconducting Cables for a.c. and d.c. Power Transmission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1973 research-article Superconducting Cables for a.c. and d.c. Power Transmission...power transmission lines. Some present cables are water cooled to increase their current...both a.c. and d.c. superconducting cables are described, with particular attention...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Next Generation Radioisotope Generators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

» Next Generation Radioisotope Generators » Next Generation Radioisotope Generators Next Generation Radioisotope Generators Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) - The ASRG is currently being developed as a high-efficiency RPS technology to support future space missions on the Martian surface or in the vacuum of space. This system uses Stirling convertors, which have moving parts to mechanically convert heat to electricity. This power conversion system, if successfully deployed, will reduce the weight of each RPS and the amount of Pu-238 needed per mission. A HISTORY OF MISSION SUCCESSES For over fifty years, the Department of Energy has enabled space exploration on 27 missions by providing safe reliable radioistope power systems and radioisotope heater units for NASA, Navy and Air Force.

475

Structure and superconductivity of isotope-enriched boron-doped diamond  

SciTech Connect

Superconducting boron-doped diamond samples were synthesized with isotopes of {sup 10}B, {sup 11}B, {sup 13}C and {sup 12}C. We claim the presence of a carbon isotope effect on the superconducting transition temperature, which supports the 'diamond-carbon'-related nature of superconductivity and the importance of the electron-phonon interaction as the mechanism of superconductivity in diamond. Isotope substitution permits us to relate almost all bands in the Raman spectra of heavily boron-doped diamond to the vibrations of carbon atoms. The 500 cm{sup 01} Raman band shifts with either carbon or boron isotope substitution and may be associated with vibrations of paired or clustered boron. The absence of a superconducting transition (down to 1.6 K) in diamonds synthesized in the Co-C-B system at 1900 K correlates with the small boron concentration deduced from lattice parameters.

Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ekimov, E A [INSTIT OF HIGH PRESSURE; Sidorov, V A [INSTIT OF HIGH PRESSURE; Zoteev, A [MOSCOW SU; Lebed, Y [INST FOR NUCI RES; Stishov, S M [INST FOR HIGH PRESSURE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Modified magnetism within the coherence volume of superconducting FeSeTe  

SciTech Connect

Neutron Scattering is used to probe magnetic interactions as superconductivity develops in opti- mally doped Fe_(1+ )Se_xTe_(1 x). Applying the first moment sum-rule to comprehensive neutron scatter- ing data, we extract the change in magnetic exchange energy [J_(R-R ) S_R S_R ] in the superconducting state referenced to the normal state. Oscillatory changes are observed for Fe-Fe displacements | R| < , where = 1.3(1) nm is the superconducting coherence length. Dominated by a large reduction in the second nearest neighbor exchange energy (-1.2(2) meV/Fe), the overall reduction in magnetic interaction energy is Hmag = 0.31(9) meV/Fe. Comparison to the superconducting condensation energy E_sc = 0.013(1) meV/Fe, which we extract from specific heat data, suggests the modified magnetism we probe drives superconductivity in Fe_(1+ )Se_xTe_(1 x)

Leiner, Jonathan C [ORNL; Thampy, Vivek [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL; Abernathy, D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Hu, Jin [Tulane University; Mao, Zhiqiang [Tulane University; Bao, Wei [Renmin University of China; Broholm, Collin L [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Generation gaps in engineering?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is much enthusiastic debate on the topic of generation gaps in the workplace today; what the generational differences are, how to address the apparent challenges, and if the generations themselves are even real. ...

Kim, David J. (David Jinwoo)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Control Surveys for Underground Construction of the Superconducting Super Collider  

SciTech Connect

Particular care had to be taken in the design and implementation of the geodetic control systems for the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) due to stringent accuracy requirements, the demanding tunneling schedule, long duration and large size of the construction effort of the project. The surveying requirements and the design and implementation of the surface and underground control scheme for the precise location of facilities which include approximately 120 km of bored tunnel are discussed. The methodology used for the densification of the surface control networks, the technique used for the transfer of horizontal and vertical control into the underground facilities, and the control traverse scheme employed in the tunnels is described.

Greening, W.J.Trevor; Robinson, Gregory L.; /Measurment Science Inc.; Robbins, Jeffrey S.; Ruland, Robert E.; /SLAC

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

479

Superconducting RF Lab Facility Upgrades at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

Research and testing of multi-cell superconducting cavities demands extensive contamination control resources to achieve high-cavity fields. Facility upgrades at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) included the modernization of test equipment, expanding and modernizing cleanroom facilities, improving safety, and expanding the high-pressure rinse cleaning process equipment. Each upgrade was integrated into the facility to enable users to assemble prototype cryomodules. The scope of the upgrades, the new installed capability, and budget and schedule for certain aspects of the project are discussed in this paper.

Katonak, D.J.; Rusnak, B.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Optimised quantum hacking of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore bright-light control of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) in the shunted configuration (a practical measure to avoid latching). In an experiment, we simulate an illumination pattern the SNSPD would receive in a typical quantum key distribution system under hacking attack. We show that it effectively blinds and controls the SNSPD. The transient blinding illumination lasts for a fraction of a microsecond and produces several deterministic fake clicks during this time. This attack does not lead to elevated timing jitter in the spoofed output pulse, and hence does not introduce significant errors. Five different SNSPD chip designs were tested. We consider possible countermeasures to this attack.

Michael G. Tanner; Vadim Makarov; Robert H. Hadfield

2013-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fully superconducting generator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Optimised quantum hacking of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore optimised control of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) through bright illumination. We consider the behaviour of the SNSPD in the shunted configuration (a practical measure to avoid latching) in long-running quantum key distribution experiments. We propose and demonstrate an effective bright-light attack on this realistic configuration, by applying transient blinding illumination lasting for a fraction of a microsecond and producing several deterministic fake clicks during this time. We show that this attack does not lead to elevated timing jitter in the spoofed output pulse, and is hence not introducing significant errors. Five different SNSPD chip designs were tested. We consider possible countermeasures to this attack.

Tanner, Michael G; Hadfield, Robert H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Anomalous Finite-Size Effect in Superconducting Josephson Junction Arrays  

SciTech Connect

We show that a previously reported discrepancy between simulations of superconducting Josephson junction arrays and the theoretical analysis of Ambegaokar, Halperin, Nelson, and Siggia (AHNS) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 783 (1978)] is rooted in a peculiar finite-size effect under periodic boundary conditions. Our simulation results for the largest array support the power-law I-V curves predicted by AHNS. Analysis of the vortex dynamics reveals two intrinsic length scales set by the applied current, which define three size regimes with distinctive I-V characteristics.

Chen, Qing-Hu; Tang, Lei-Han; Tong, Peiqing

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

483

Construction of the CERN Fast Cycled Superconducting Dipole Magnet Prototype  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CERN is pursuing a small scale R&D on a fast cycled superconducting dipole magnet (FCM) of interest for the upgrade plan of the LHC accelerator complex. The FCM dipole prototype being built has a number of novel features if compared to other magnets for similar applications. In this paper we describe the magnet design, and its expected performance, focusing especially on the novel features (magnetic circuit, mechanical supports, cooling) and on the details of the manufacturing procedure (coil winding and impregnation, joints, instrumentation and quench protection).

Borgnolutti, F; Bottura, L; Carra, F; Foffano, G; Gomes De Faria, J M; Kalouguine, O; Kirby, G; Lopez, C; Tommasini, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Energy of magnetic moment of superconducting current in magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy of magnetic moment of the persistent current circulating in superconducting loop in an externally produced magnetic field is not taken into account in the theory of quantization effects because of identification of the Hamiltonian with the energy. This identification misleads if, in accordance with the conservation law, the energy of a state is the energy expended for its creation. The energy of magnetic moment is deduced from a creation history of the current state in magnetic field both in the classical and quantum case. But taking this energy into account demolishes the agreement between theory and experiment. Impartial consideration of this problem discovers the contradiction both in theory and experiment.

V. L. Gurtovoi; A. V. Nikulov

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

485

Anisotropic transport properties of ferromagnetic-superconducting bilayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnetization per unit area of the FM film is m and its width is L. The energy necessary to create a single Pearl vortex10 in the superconductor is ev05e0ln(l/j) with e05f02/16p2l , where f0 is the flux quantum, l5lL2 /ds is the effective penetration depth...,11 lL5Amec2/4pnse2 is the London penetration depth, ds is the thickness of the super- conducting layer, and j is its coherence length. It was shown in Ref. 7 that the interaction between the superconducting vortices and the magnetization...

Kayali, MA; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Microelectronic superconducting device with multi-layer contact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microelectronic component comprising a crossover is provided comprising a substrate, a first high T[sub c] superconductor thin film, a second insulating thin film comprising SrTiO[sub 3] ; and a third high T[sub c] superconducting film which has strips which crossover one or more areas of the first superconductor film. An in situ method for depositing all three films on a substrate is provided which does not require annealing steps. The photolithographic process is used to separately pattern the high T[sub c] superconductor thin films. 14 figures.

Wellstood, F.C.; Kingston, J.J.; Clarke, J.

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

487

Midwest Superconductivity Consortium - Final Progress Report October 2001  

SciTech Connect

The basic mission of the Consortium was to advance the science and understanding of high-T{sub c} superconductivity and to promote the development of new materials and improved processing technology. Focused group efforts were the key element of the research program. One program area is the understanding of the layered structures involved in candidate materials and the factors that control their formation, stability and relationship superconductor properties. The other program area had a focus upon factors that limit or control the transport properties such as weak links, flux lattice behavior, and interfaces. Interactions among Consortium d with industrial armiates were an integral part of the program.

Bement, Arden L.

2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

488

Method for fabricating multi-strand superconducting cable  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Multi-strand superconducting cables adapted to be used, for example, to wind a magnet are fabricated by directing wire strands inwardly from spools disposed on the perimeter of a rotating disk and wrapping them diagonally around a tapered mandrel with a flattened cross-sectional shape with a core having a wedge-shaped channel. As the cable is pulled axially, flexibly coupled wedge-shaped pieces are continuously passed through the channel in the mandrel and inserted into the cable as an internal support therefor.

Borden, A.R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Spontaneous vortex phase and pinning in ferromagnetic-superconducting systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of epsilon10 as a function of rho0lambda for the case when n = 1, lambdaxi = 10,R1 = lambda,R2 = 2lambda and deltam = 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 ix FIGURE Page 12 A superconducting thin film pierced by a ferromagnetic nano rod of radius R, length L... circle of radius rho0 that depends on the radii and magnetization per unit area of the annulus, and on the SC pene- tration depth lambda. In section five I focus on pinning and spontaneous vortex creation by a ferromagnetic rod which penetrates...

Kayali, Mohammad Amin

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Cyrogenic testing of 100 m superconducting power transmission test facility  

SciTech Connect

This follow-up study to the 1980 tests of a three-expander configuration are the final tests of the cryogenic system designed to cool the facility for testing 100 m superconducting power transmission cables. The system was modified to incorporate a fourth turbo expander remote from the refrigerator at the far end of the load. The system is described with a flow schematic. The tests performed and their results are presented with turbine operating conditions presented in a table. Summary and conclusions are followed by a discussion concerning the thermometry used on the cable and the + or - 10 mK accuracy quoted.

Gibbs, R.J.; Jensen, J.E.; Thomas, R.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Process for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconducting wires  

SciTech Connect

A process for producing a Nb/sub 3/Sn superconducting wire, which comprises preparing a composite from a copper alloy material containing 0.1 to 5 atomic percent in total of at least one element of Group IV of the periodic table selected from titanium, zirconium and hafnium, a tin material and a niobium material, processing the composite into a wire, tape or tube, and heat-treating the processed composite at a temperature of 400/sup 0/ to 900/sup 0/ C. to form a Nb/sub 3/Sn compound.

Tachikawa, K.; Yoshida, S.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

Possible superconductivity in nearly antiferromagnetic itinerant fermion systems  

SciTech Connect

Strong spin fluctuations arising in itinerant fermion systems close to a magnetic instability may induce or inhibit superconductivity depending on the nesting wave vector q/sub 0/ for which the instability occurs. If chemically bondq/sub 0/chemically bond is small but finite, triplet pairing is favored and singlet pairing is suppressed as efficiently as in nearly ferromagnetic systems (q/sub 0/ = 0). If chemically bondq/sub 0/chemically bond is large, there is a repulsive contribution from backward scattering by which triplet as well as singlet pairings are strongly depressed. The cases of UPt/sub 3/, CePb/sub 3/, and some organic compounds are considered.

Beal-Monod, M.T.; Bourbonnais, C.; Emery, V.J.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Plan for fully decontaminating and decommissioning of the Westinghouse Advanced Reactors Division Fuel Laboratories at Cheswick, Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

The project scope of work included the complete decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the Westinghouse ARD Fuel Laboratories at the Cheswick Site in the shortest possible time. This has been accomplished in the following four phases: (1) preparation of documents and necessary paperwork; packaging and shipping of all special nuclear materials in an acceptable form to a reprocessing agency; (2) decontamination of all facilities, glove boxes and equipment; loading of generated waste into bins, barrels and strong wooden boxes; (3) shipping of all bins, barrels and boxes containing waste to the designated burial site; removal of all utility services from the laboratories; (4) final survey of remaining facilities and certification for nonrestricted use; preparation of final report. This volume contains the following 3 attachments: (1) Plan for Fully Decontamination and Decommissioning of the Westinghouse Advanced Reactors Division Fuel Laboratories at Cheswick; (2) Environmental Assessment for Decontamination and Decommissioning the Westinghouse Advanced Reactors Division Plutonium Fuel Laboratories, Cheswick, PA; and (3) WARD-386, Quality Assurance Program Description for Decontamination and Decommissioning Activities.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Hydrogen Generation by Electrolysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Better Engineered Solutions. Better Engineered Solutions. What Listening Generates. Better Engineered Solutions. What Listening Generates. Hydrogen Generation by Electrolysis September 2004 Steve Cohen Hydrogen Generation by Electrolysis September 2004 Steve Cohen NREL H 2 Electrolysis - Utility Integration Workshop NREL H 2 Electrolysis - Utility Integration Workshop 2 Hydrogen Generation by Electrolysis Hydrogen Generation by Electrolysis  Intro to Teledyne Energy Systems  H 2 Generator Basics & Major Subsystems  H 2 Generating & Storage System Overview  Electrolysis System Efficiency & Economics  Focus for Attaining DOE H 2 Production Cost Goals 3 Teledyne Energy Systems Locations - ISO 9001 Teledyne Energy Systems Locations - ISO 9001 Hunt Valley, Maryland  State-of-the-art thermoelectric,

495

Fully coupled fluid flow and geomechanics in the study of hydraulic fracturing and post-fracture production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work addresses the poroelastic effect on the processes involved in hydraulic fracturing and post-fracture production using a finite element based fully coupled poroelastic model… (more)

Aghighi, Mohammad Ali

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Advanced Heat Transfer Studies in Superfluid Helium for Large-scale High-yield Production of Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oscillating Superleak Transducers (OSTs) can be used to localize quenches in superconducting radio frequency cavities. In the presented work the occurring thermal effects during such events are investigated both theoretically and experimentally. In the theoretical part the entire heat transfer process from the heat generation to the detection is covered. The experimental part focuses on the effects in superfluid helium. Previous publications observed the detection of an OST signal that was faster than the second sound velocity. This fast propagation could be verified in dedicated small scale experiments. Resistors were used to simulate the quench spots under controlled conditions. The three dimensional propagation of second sound was linked to OST signals for the first time, which improves the understanding of the OST signal and allows to gather information about the heating pulse. Additionally, OSTs were used as a tool for quench localisation on a real size cavity. Their sensitivity as well as the time resol...

Peters, Benedikt J; Schirm, Karl-Martin; Koettig, Torsten

497

A compact, multichannel, and low noise arbitrary waveform generator  

SciTech Connect

A new type of high functionality, fast, compact, and easy programmable arbitrary waveform generator for low noise physical measurements is presented. The generator provides 7 fast differential waveform channels with a maximum bandwidth up to 200 MHz frequency. There are 6 fast pulse generators on the generator board with 78 ps time resolution in both duration and delay, 3 of them with amplitude control. The arbitrary waveform generator is additionally equipped with two auxiliary slow 16 bit analog-to-digital converters and four 16 bit digital-to-analog converters for low frequency applications. Electromagnetic shields are introduced to the power supply, digital, and analog compartments and with a proper filter design perform more than 110 dB digital noise isolation to the output signals. All the output channels of the board have 50 ? SubMiniature version A termination. The generator board is suitable for use as a part of a high sensitive physical equipment, e.g., fast read out and manipulation of nuclear magnetic resonance or superconducting quantum systems and any other application, which requires electromagnetic interference free fast pulse and arbitrary waveform generation.

Govorkov, S. [Sema Systems, 302-5553 16th ave., Delta, British Columbia V4M 2H7 (Canada)] [Sema Systems, 302-5553 16th ave., Delta, British Columbia V4M 2H7 (Canada); Ivanov, B. I. [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany) [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany); Novosibirsk State Technical University, K.Marx-Ave. 20, Novosibirsk 630092 (Russian Federation); Il'ichev, E.; Meyer, H.-G. [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany)] [Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology, PO Box 100239, D-07702 Jena (Germany)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Fully frustrated Josephson junction ladders with Mobius boundary conditions as topologically protected qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how to realize a ``protected'' qubit by using a fully frustrated Josephson Junction ladder (JJL) with Mobius boundary conditions. Such a system has been recently studied within a twisted conformal field theory (CFT) approach (Mod. Phys. Lett. A 15 (2000) 1679; Nucl. Phys. B 641 (2002) 547) and shown to develop the phenomenon of flux fractionalization (Eur. Phys. J. B 49 (2006) 83). The relevance of a ``closed'' geometry has been fully exploited in relating the topological properties of the ground state of the system to the presence of half flux quanta and the emergence of a topological order has been predicted (JSTAT (2005) P03006). In this letter the stability and transformation properties of the ground states under adiabatic magnetic flux change are analyzed and the deep consequences on the realization of a solid state qubit, protected from decoherence, are presented.

Gerardo Cristofano; Vincenzo Marotta; Adele Naddeo; Giuliano Niccoli

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

499

Fully relativistic description of the magneto-optical properties of arbitrary layered systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fully relativistic formalism is presented that allows us to define the frequency-dependent optical conductivity tensor for arbitrary layered systems in a layer-resolved way. This opens in particular the way to deal with the magneto-optical properties of magnetic surface layer systems and to calculate the corresponding magneto-optical Kerr spectra. The formalism, based on a fully relativistic description of response theory in arbitrary order, is described in some detail. For an implementation the very flexible spin polarized relativistic Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method of band structure calculation has been used. Results of corresponding applications to the elemental ferromagnets bcc-Fe and fcc-Co treated as homogeneous layer systems are presented.

T. Huhne and H. Ebert

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Cyclic hardening and softening behavior of a fully annealed Zircaloy-4  

SciTech Connect

Polycrystalline metals with a hexagonal close-packed (HCP) crystalline structure show a unique deformation behavior and fracture characteristics under cyclic loading conditions. As the HCP materials have limited slip systems and a tendency to develop a preferred orientation (texture), they show deformation anisotropy resulting from the texture during plastic deformation. Therefore, this anisotropy of the materials will affect not only the fatigue crack initiation/growth process but also the stress responses due to the increase in the slip irreversibility. It is well known that the fully annealed metals usually cyclically harden not soften. However, the initial cyclic hardening followed by softening in the higher strain ranges and the only cyclic softening to fracture in the lower strain ranges were observed in the fully annealed Zircaloy-4. This paper is proposing a new model to explain such cyclic behavior in Zircaloy-4 in terms of texture change during fatigue.

Lee, D.H. (Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Taejon (Korea, Republic of)); Kwun, S.I. (Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Metallurgical Engineering)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z