National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for fujian zhejiang shanghai

  1. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    strategic oil reserve bases in Dalian, Qiangdao, Ninbo, andZhenhai Huangdao Daishan Dalian Province Ninbo, Zhejiangcoastal regions such as Dalian, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian,

  2. Shanghai Aerospace Industrial General Corporation aka Shanghai...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aerospace Industrial General Corporation aka Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shanghai Aerospace Industrial General Corporation (aka...

  3. Fuzhou Shipyard at Fujian Province: Early Divergence in Late Qing Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Duan

    2014-01-01

    of support of Fuzhou Shipyard among local people. AccordingDocuments of Fuzhou Shipyard). Fujian: Fujian People’sof Memorials about Fuzhou Shipyard). Vol. 1-4. Beijing:

  4. Effort on Developing Cabled Ocean Observatories Research Assitant, Institute of Mechatronics Control Engineering, Zhejiang University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Mechatronics Control Engineering, Zhejiang University Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Department of Ocean

  5. Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2006-01-01

    04 Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai Jonathan X.Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai Jonathan X.voltage connections) Capital costs for this equipment must

  6. Shanghai contemporary : the politics of built form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arkaraprasertkul, Non

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is an attempt to integrate research, architectural knowledge, and fieldwork to understand the phenomenon of the urban transformation in Shanghai, one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Having once been ...

  7. Golden Sun Fujian Solar Technic Co Ltd GS Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric JumpAtlasBridge Strategies JumpFujian Solar

  8. MULTI-TRACK PS ANALYSIS IN SHANGHAI Daniele Perissin(1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perissin, Daniele

    agreed that the overuse of underground water remains a main cause of the city's subsidence. Shanghai started exploiting its underground water in 1860 when international traders poured in and began to turn of underground water, experts believe that the mushrooming of skyscrapers in central Shanghai has also

  9. Shanghai and the experience of war: The refugee problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Draft 1 Shanghai and the experience of war: The refugee problem Christian Henriot Institut d of thousands of people on the streets. As war expanded to the countryside, millions became refugees. This paper is concerned with the massive and sudden transformation of Shanghai residents into refugees and its impact

  10. Developing an energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Jiang; Goldman, Charles; Levine, Mark; Hopper, Nicole

    2004-02-10

    The rapid development of the Chinese economy over the past two decades has led to significant growth in China's energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Between 1980 and 2000, China's energy consumption more than doubled from 602 million to 1.3 billion tons of coal-equivalent (NBS, 2003). In 2000, China's GHG emissions were about 12% of the global total, ranked second behind only the US. According to the latest national development plan issued by the Chinese government, China's energy demand is likely to double again by 2020 (DRC, 2004), based on a quadrupling of its gross domestic product (GDP). The objectives of the national development plan imply that China needs to significantly raise the energy efficiency of its economy, i.e., cutting the energy intensity of its economy by half. Such goals are extremely ambitious, but not infeasible. China has achieved such reductions in the past, and its current overall level of energy efficiency remains far behind those observed in other developed economies. However, challenges remain whether China can put together an appropriate policy framework and the institutions needed to improve the energy efficiency of its economy under a more market-based economy today. Shanghai, located at the heart of the Yangtze River Delta, is the most dynamic economic and financial center in the booming Chinese economy. With 1% of Chinese population (13 million inhabitants), its GDP in 2000 stood at 455 billion RMB yuan (5% of the national total), with an annual growth rate of 12%--much higher than the national average. It is a major destination for foreign as well as Chinese domestic investment. In 2003, Shanghai absorbed 10% of actual foreign investment in all China (''Economist'', January 17-23, 2004). Construction in Shanghai continues at a breakneck pace, with an annual addition of approximately 200 million square foot of residential property and 100 million square foot of commercial and industrial space over the last 5 years. It is one reason that China consumed over 60% of the world's cement production in 2003 (NBS 2004). Energy consumption in Shanghai has been growing at 6-8% annually, with the growth of electricity demand at over 10% per year. Shanghai, with very limited local energy resources, relies heavily on imported coal, oil, natural gas, and electricity. While coal still constitutes over half of Shanghai's energy consumption, oil and natural gas use have been growing in importance. Shanghai is the major market for China's West to East (natural gas) Pipeline (WEP). With the input from WEP and off-shore pipelines, it is expected that natural gas consumption will grow from 250 million cubic meters in 2000 to 3000-3500 million cubic meters in 2005. In order to secure energy supply to power Shanghai's fast-growing economy, the Shanghai government has set three priorities in its energy strategy: (1) diversification of its energy structure, (2) improving its energy efficiency, and (3) developing renewable and other cleaner forms of energy. Efficiency improvements are likely to be most critical, particularly in the near future, in addressing Shanghai's energy security, especially the recent electricity shortage in Shanghai. Commercial buildings and industries consume the majority of Shanghai's, as well as China's, commercial energy. In the building sector, Shanghai has been very active implementing energy efficiency codes for commercial and residential buildings. Following a workshop on building codes implementation held at LBNL for senior Shanghai policy makers in 2001, the Shanghai government recently introduced an implementation guideline on residential building energy code compliance for the downtown area of Shanghai to commence in April, 2004, with other areas of the city to follow in 2005. A draft code for commercial buildings has been developed as well. In the industrial sector, the Shanghai government started an ambitious initiative in 2002 to induce private capital to invest in energy efficiency improvements via energy management/services companies (EMC/ESCOs). In partic

  11. High-Rise Residential Building Energy Analysis in Shanghai, China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Hongyun

    2014-07-30

    the growing residential energy use in Shanghai. The energy efficiency measures explored in this study should also provide policy makers with alternatives other than building more power plants, transmission and distribution systems....

  12. Venture Communist: Gu Zhun in Shanghai, 1949-1952

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighton, Christopher R.

    When the Communists took Shanghai in 1949, they brought seasoned soldiers, but scarcely an accountant. The victory that they claimed in the city presented both resources and temptations, including riches to fund a fledgling ...

  13. Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, X.; Tan, H.

    2006-01-01

    This paper surveys the present situation of building energy consumption in Shanghai and points out the problems of insufficient energy consumption statistics based on the survey data. We analyze the relationships of energy consumption between...

  14. Megacity impacts on regional ozone formation: observations and WRF-Chem modeling for the MIRAGE-Shanghai field campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Tie, X. : Analysis of ozone and VOCs measured in Shanghai: AMegacity impacts on regional ozone formation terminations inand Tie, X. : Study of ozone “weekend effect” in Shanghai,

  15. Above Sea: Modern and Contemporary Art from the Ruins of Shanghai's New Heaven on Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jenny Grace

    2012-01-01

    in and about a Shanghai shipyard facility. Here, I analyzein and about a Shanghai shipyard facility. I analyze how andespecially those working in shipyards and/or docks, as the

  16. The Practice and Thinking of Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation & Labeling in Shanghai

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development of Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Labeling in Shanghai with project examples and theory.

  17. Upgrade of the electron beam ion trap in Shanghai

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, D.; Yang, Y.; Xiao, J.; Shen, Y.; Fu, Y.; Wei, B.; Yao, K.; Hutton, R.; Zou, Y., E-mail: zouym@fudan.edu.cn [The Key Lab of Applied Ion Beam Physics, Ministry of Education, 200433 Shanghai (China); Shanghai EBIT Lab, Institute of Modern Physics, Fudan University, 200433 Shanghai (China)

    2014-09-15

    Over the last few years the Shanghai electron beam ion trap (EBIT) has been successfully redesigned and rebuilt. The original machine, developed under collaboration with the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, first produced an electron beam in 2005. It could be tuned with electron energies between 1 and 130 keV and beam current up to 160 mA. After several years of operation, it was found that several modifications for improvements were necessary to reach the goals of better electron optics, higher photon detection, and ion injection efficiencies, and more economical running costs. The upgraded Shanghai-EBIT is made almost entirely from Ti instead of stainless steel and achieves a vacuum of less than 10{sup ?10} Torr, which helps to minimize the loss of highly changed ions through charge exchange. Meanwhile, a more compact structure and efficient cryogenic system, and excellent optical alignment have been of satisfactory. The magnetic field in the central trap region can reach up till 4.8 T with a uniformity of 2.77 × 10{sup ?4}. So far the upgraded Shanghai-EBIT has been operated up to an electron energy of 151 keV and a beam current of up to 218 mA, although promotion to even higher energy is still in progress. Radiation from ions as highly charged as Xe{sup 53+,} {sup 54+} has been produced and the characterization of current density is estimated from the measured electron beam width.

  18. Social congestion in Shanghai : an urban housing project designed on its sections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Wenjun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The new housing developments of Shanghai rely on high-rise building, demolishing the prevailing low-rise high-density housing, known as Lilong housing, built in the early 20th century, and known as Lilong housing. The ...

  19. Impacts of landscape structure on surface urban heat islands: A case study of Shanghai, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    Impacts of landscape structure on surface urban heat islands: A case study of Shanghai, China in revised form 6 June 2011 Accepted 9 July 2011 Available online 5 August 2011 Keywords: Urban heat island of the ecological consequences of urbanization is the urban heat island (UHI) effect, which leads to higher

  20. International Heat Pipe Conference (13th IHPC), Shanghai, China, September 21-25, 2004.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    13th International Heat Pipe Conference (13th IHPC), Shanghai, China, September 21-25, 2004. &/26 of Pulsating Heat Pipes (PHPs), especially suited for thermal management of electronics. Considerable progress pipes, open and closed loop, heat transfer, electronics cooling. ,1752'8&7,21 Contemporary trends

  1. International Heat Pipe Conference (13th IHPC), Shanghai, China, September 21-25, 2004.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    13th International Heat Pipe Conference (13th IHPC), Shanghai, China, September 21-25, 2004. 678$&7 AlSiC based flat thin heat pipe prototypes (143.8 x 80.8 x 5 mm3 outer dimensions) are manufactured are carried out. The temperature profiles over the entire heat pipe are measured by means of infrared (IR

  2. Shanghai High School SHS, December 4, 2007 History of irrational and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Shanghai High School SHS, December 4, 2007 History of irrational and transcendental numbers Michel of the transcendence of the number e in 1873 is the prototype of the methods which have been subsequently developed. We : rational, irrational Numbers = real or complex numbers R, C. Natural integers : N = {0, 1, 2

  3. ShanghaiGrid as An Information Service Grid: An Overview , Min-You Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission of Shanghai Municipality. # Min-You Wu currently is on leave from The University of New Mexico.4% and Internet user penetration rate reached 32% [2]. Citizens want more services from the Internet, services to achieving these goals. The Grid is regarded as the Next Generation Internet. Building the City Grid can

  4. Shot in Shanghai: Sino-U.S. Media Co-Production in the Post-WTO Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokas, Aynne Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    The media industry theme park works in symbiosis with theof the park as a way to “build an industry clustering ofindustry in Shanghai, but the publication of the park on

  5. Shanghai Music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2012-02-01

    Broadcast Transcript: According to Chinese legend, music was first made back in 1122 BCE by one Ling Lun on bamboo pipes that were tuned to the songs of birds. Shun, one of the three Sage Kings of Antiquity, is said to have tuned all the instruments...

  6. Source identification of lead pollution in the atmosphere of Shanghai City by analyzing single aerosol particles (SAP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.; Guo, P.; Li, X. [and others] [and others

    2000-05-15

    A new method combining the pattern recognition (PR) technique with micro-PIXE spectrum was used for direct assessment of lead pollution in the atmosphere of Shanghai City. Single aerosol particles (SAP) of PM{sub 10} (<10 {micro}m) were analyzed using the nuclear microprobe. Every particle is characterized with its micro-PICE spectrum, which can be considered its fingerprint. The PR technique was applied to trace a lead contaminated aerosol particle back to its source. The discrimination of different pollutant sources was enhanced with investigating the individual aerosol particles. The results showed that the lead contamination from automobile exhaust should not be neglected. The lead concentration with low level was detected in most unleaded gasoline particles; however, the highest lead level of 1,500 ppm was found in one of them. Furthermore, four other main pollutant sources contributing to the lead contamination in the Shanghai atmosphere were clearly identified by this method. They are the cement industry, the coal combustion, the oil combustion, and the metallurgic industry. Some other unidentified particles suggested that some more lead emitters might also exist in Shanghai.

  7. Spectra of In-like Tungsten, $W^{25+}$, from the Shanghai permanent magnet electron beam ion trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, W; Shi, Z; Fei, Z; R,; Zhao,; Brage, T; Huldt, S; Hutton, R; Zou, Y

    2015-01-01

    Three visible lines of M1 transitions from In-like W were recorded using the Shanghai permanent magnet electron beam ion trap. The experimental wavelengths were measured as 493.84 $\\pm$ 0.15, 226.97 $\\pm$ 0.13 and 587.63 $\\pm$ 0.23 nm (vacuum wavelengths). These results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions obtained using large-scale Relativistic Many-Body Perturbation Theory, in the form of the Flexible Atomic Code, and some explorations with the Muliconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock code GRASP2K.

  8. Preprint version 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Shanghai, CN A Passivity-Based Decentralized Approach for the Bilateral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preprint version 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Shanghai, CN, search and rescue and exploration of wide areas, the use of a group of simple robots rather than a single complex robot has proven to be very effective and the problem of coordinating a group of agents has

  9. Molecular Characterization of Organosulfates in Organic Aerosols from Shanghai and Los Angeles Urban Areas by Nanospray-Desorption Electrospray Ionization High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tao, Shikang; Lu, Xiaohui; Levac, Nicole A.; Bateman, Adam P.; Nguyen, Tran B.; Bones, David L.; Nizkorodov, Sergey; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Yang, Xin

    2014-08-21

    Aerosol samples collected in the urban areas of Shanghai and Los Angeles were analyzed by nanospray-desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nano-DESI MS) with high mass resolution (m/?m=100,000). Solvent mixtures of acetonitrile/water and acetonitrile/toluene were used to extract and ionize polar and non-polar compounds, respectively. A diverse mixture of oxygenated hydrocarbons, organosulfates, organonitrates, and organics with reduced nitrogen were detected in the Los Angeles sample. Majority of the organics in the Shanghai sample were detected as organosulfates. The dominant organosulfates in the two samples have distinctly different molecular characteristics. Specifically, organosulfates in the Los Angeles sample were dominated by isoprene- or monoterpene-derived products, while organosulfates of yet unknown origin in the Shanghai sample had distinctive characteristics of long aliphatic carbon chains and low degree of oxidation and unsaturation. The use of acetonitrile/toluene solvent facilitated identification of this type of organosulfates, suggesting they could be missed in previous studies relying on sample extraction using common polar solvents. The high molecular weight and low degree of unsaturation and oxidization of the organosulfates detected in the Shanghai sample suggest that they may act as surfactants, and plausibly affect the surface tension and hygroscopicity of the atmospheric particulate matter. We propose that direct esterification of carbonyl or hydroxyl compounds by sulfates or sulfuric acid in liquid phase could be the formation pathway of these special organosulfates. Long-chain alkanes from vehicle emissions might be their precursors.

  10. Sample Course Curriculum:Chinese Medicine Clinical Rotation at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine Dates Time Room Activities Instructors Location/Hospitals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    Sample Course Curriculum:Chinese Medicine Clinical Rotation at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.Outline of Traditional Chinese Drug (1) 1. Program Director 2. Jianzhong Xu Office of Chinese Medicine 2 Chinese Medicine (1) Dr. Kunlun Wu Department of Chinese Medicine, Gongli Hospital 6/22 9-11 am #15

  11. Fujian China Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Takahiko Furuya and Ryutarou Ohbuchi, Diffusion-on-Manifold Aggregation of Local Features for Shape-based 3D Model Retrieval, accepted as oral paper, Proc. ACM International Conference on Multimedia Information Retrieval (ICMR) 2015, Shanghai, China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    Takahiko Furuya and Ryutarou Ohbuchi, Diffusion-on-Manifold Aggregation of Local Features for Shape-based 3D Model Retrieval, accepted as oral paper, Proc. ACM International Conference on Multimedia Information Retrieval (ICMR) 2015, Shanghai, China. 1 Diffusion-on-Manifold Aggregation of Local Features

  13. Fudan University Shanghai, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Gail

    heating is provided by air conditioning units rather than central heating, so it is a good idea to pack and internet access. There is a kitchen on each floor of the hall as well as several dining halls on campus

  14. Fujian Fuyuan Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Fujian Jinhu Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Fujian Jinzaoqiao Hydro Power Limited Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Fujian Longyan Tingzhou Hydropower Development Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Fujian Minfeng Electric Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Fujian Shanghang Tingjiang Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Fujian Tailong Electric Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Fujian Zhangping Yilong Hydropower Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Fujian Zhongde Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Fujian Zhongde Technology Stock Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Yangrui PV Technology Fujian Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Fujian Pingtan Changjiangao Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Fujian Putian Nanridao Houshanzai Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in e-waste: Level and transfer in a typical e-waste recycling site in Shanghai, Eastern China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Yue; Duan, Yan-Ping, E-mail: duanyanping@tongji.edu.cn; Huang, Fan; Yang, Jing; Xiang, Nan; Meng, Xiang-Zhou; Chen, Ling

    2014-06-01

    Highlights: • PBDEs were detected in the majority of e-waste. • PBDEs were found in TVs made in China after 1990. • The levels of ?PBDEs in e-waste made in Japan far exceed the threshold limit of RoHS. • The inappropriate recycling and disposal of e-waste is an important source of PBDEs. - Abstract: Very few data for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were available in the electronic waste (e-waste) as one of the most PBDEs emission source. This study reported concentrations of PBDEs in e-waste including printer, rice cooker, computer monitor, TV, electric iron and water dispenser, as well as dust from e-waste, e-waste dismantling workshop and surface soil from inside and outside of an e-waste recycling plant in Shanghai, Eastern China. The results showed that PBDEs were detected in the majority of e-waste, and the concentrations of ?PBDEs ranged from not detected to 175 g/kg, with a mean value of 10.8 g/kg. PBDEs were found in TVs made in China after 1990. The mean concentrations of ?PBDEs in e-waste made in Korea, Japan, Singapore and China were 1.84 g/kg, 20.5 g/kg, 0.91 g/kg, 4.48 g/kg, respectively. The levels of ?PBDEs in e-waste made in Japan far exceed the threshold limit of RoHS (1.00 g/kg). BDE-209 dominated in e-waste, accounting for over 93%. The compositional patterns of PBDEs congeners resembled the profile of Saytex 102E, indicating the source of deca-BDE. Among the samples of dust and surface soil from a typical e-waste recycling site, the highest concentrations of ?{sub 18}PBDEs and BDE-209 were found in dust in e-waste, ranging from 1960 to 340,710 ng/g and from 910 to 320,400 ng/g, which were 1–2 orders of magnitude higher than other samples. It suggested that PBDEs released from e-waste via dust, and then transferred to surrounding environment.

  8. Shanghai Aerospace Industrial General Corporation aka Shanghai Academy of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Shanghai in contemporary Chinese film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiangyang

    2010-01-01

    with a Chinese Face: Cinematic Doubles, Odeipal Triangles,Critical Intervention, Cinematic Reconfiguration, and theothers. Therefore, when the cinematic lens extends to the

  10. Shanghai University | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. Zhejiang Cineng PV Science Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County,Zena, New York: EnergyLakeCineng PV

  12. Zhejiang Hengxin Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County,Zena, New York: EnergyLakeCineng

  13. Zhejiang Jinggong New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County,Zena, New York:

  14. Zhejiang Shuqimeng Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County,Zena, New York:Shuqimeng Energy

  15. Zhejiang Wind Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia: EnergyWindpowerZhangbeiWind

  16. Zhejiang Xingxing Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo NewYanbu, Saudi Arabia:

  17. Zhejiang Bone New Material Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropower DevelopmentBone New

  18. Zhejiang Cyclean Energy Investment Corporation ZCEI | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropower DevelopmentBone

  19. Zhejiang Global Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo Ltd Jump to:

  20. Zhejiang Guangyi Light Energy Technologies Co Gytech | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo Ltd Jump

  1. Zhejiang Jinggong Science and Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo Ltd

  2. Zhejiang KAN Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo LtdKAN Battery Co

  3. Zhejiang Longyou Xiaoxitan Hydro Complex Development Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo LtdKAN Battery

  4. Zhejiang Max Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo LtdKAN

  5. Zhejiang Narada Power Source Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo LtdKANNarada

  6. Zhejiang Perlight Solar Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCo

  7. Zhejiang RICH Solar Technology Corporation Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCoRICH Solar

  8. Zhejiang Risen Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCoRICH SolarRisen

  9. Zhejiang Sino Italian Photovoltaic Co Ltd SIPV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropowerCoRICH

  10. Zhejiang Sunflower Light Energy Science Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan

  11. Zhejiang Windey Wind Generating Engineering | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindey Wind Generating Engineering Jump to:

  12. Zhejiang Xinghai Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindey Wind Generating Engineering Jump

  13. Zhejiang Yankon Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindey Wind Generating Engineering JumpYankon

  14. Zhejiang Yiyang Solar Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindey Wind Generating Engineering

  15. Shamos / J ZhejiangUnivSCI 20056,4(11).'1179-1187 1179 Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    MellonUniversity,Pittsburgh,PA 15213,USA) (DepartmentofComputerScience, UniversityofHongKong,HongKong, China) E-mail: shamos associated with digital libraries, and especially participants in the joint China-India-USA Million Book. For example, the spread of modem farming techniques to areas of chronic famine or overpopulation would

  16. Student Exchange Program Shanghai Jiao Tong University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    program based upon principles of mutual benefit. 1. This agreement is restricted to students and Computer Science (EECS) 2. [a] Each year during the term of this agreement, each institution may have up School of EIEE, the exchange students may be juniors, seniors, or students performing their Master

  17. Shanghai Daily wangyong@shanghaidaily.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    high carbon footprint. Note that high-density New York City's carbon emissions per capita are roughly city has yet met all of the challenges of 21st cen- tury -- low-carbon energy, public health

  18. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01

    station and equipment costs Capital equipment costs Non-a function of capital cost and is therefore represented intechnology and therefore capital cost and maintenance cost

  19. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01

    storing and transporting hydrogen. Golden, CO: NREL; 1998. [V. Survey of the economics of hydrogen technologies. Golden,liquid or gaseous form. Hydrogen can be produced from a va-

  20. Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, J; Jianxin, Ma

    2006-01-01

    Well-to-wheels analysis of hydrogen based fuel-cell vehicleJP, et al. Distributed Hydrogen Fueling Systems Analysis,”Year 2006 UCD—ITS—RR—06—04 Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs

  1. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01

    Chemicals, Inc. , Stuart Energy, H2Gen). All cost data areJournal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (2007) 4089 – 4100 2.4.1.Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (2007) 4089 – 4100 Annualized

  2. Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, J; Jianxin, Ma

    2006-01-01

    production equipment (e.g. electrolyzer, steam reformer) (iffeedstock costs differences. Electrolyzer stations yield theuses an alkaline electrolyzer powered by grid electricity to

  3. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01

    production equipment (e.g. electrolyzer, steam reformer) (iffeedstock costs differences. Electrolyzer stations yield theuses an alkaline electrolyzer powered by grid electricity to

  4. Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, J; Jianxin, Ma

    2006-01-01

    high-pressure stationary hydrogen storage tanks. The storage10] reviewed the hydrogen storage and the delivery cost forwhich applies to hydrogen storage vessels and compressors.

  5. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01

    N I [10] reviewed the hydrogen storage and the delivery costwhich applies to hydrogen storage vessels and compressors.high-pressure gaseous hydrogen storage contain- ers, and a

  6. Hydrogen Refueling Station Costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2006-01-01

    10] reviewed the hydrogen storage and the delivery cost forwhich applies to hydrogen storage vessels and compressors.high-pressure gaseous hydrogen storage containers, and a

  7. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01

    Kingdom; 2004. [8] Amos W. Costs of storing and transportingcon- nections). Capital costs for this equipment must bein an analysis of station costs. Total station construction

  8. Shanghai Eco Energy LTD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew MaterialEco Energy LTD

  9. Shanghai Pubsolar Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang NewJTU

  10. Shanghai Solar Watt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang

  11. Shanghai Solarpanels Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyangSolarpanels Co

  12. Shanghai TL Chemical Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyangSolarpanels CoTL

  13. Shanghai, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyangSolarpanels

  14. Shanghai CDM Service Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalentBScirado BrasilSemanticCDM Service

  15. Shanghai Environmental Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation,ChuanjiEnergy

  16. Shanghai Haiwan Investment Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation,ChuanjiEnergyCo

  17. Shanghai Yung Qiang Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewableSMUDSectionalIndustrielsOaksShane Cowell

  18. GE Global Research in Shanghai, China

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear Physics (NP)aboutRio de Janeiro, Brazil

  19. Classifying E-commerce Workloads under Dynamic Caching Fujian Liu Dwight Makaroff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    used to reduce the load on the database server, which reduces the need for scalability within increase and is a major com- ponent of the retail industry [1]. A typical corporation- sized E Network Load Internet Web Server Web Server App. Server App. Server Database Server Figure 1. E

  20. Fujian Shun Chang Yangkou Hydro Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlex FuelsEnergyInc|HengdaXinengJinhuChang Yangkou

  1. ReneSola Ltd aka Zhejiang Yuhui Solar Energy Source Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETEREFURecent contentSWandReliant

  2. Zhejiang DunAn Artificial Environmental Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan ElectricTumuxiHydropower

  3. HeWind Co Ltd ZheJiang Huayi Wind Energy Development | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTL SolarGateMingyangHangtian

  4. Sealords live in vain : Fujian and the making of a maritime frontier in seventeenth-century China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Dahpon David

    2011-01-01

    demand for a more stable unit of value, and the Ming economy evolved into a bimetallic system with copper

  5. Sealords live in vain : Fujian and the making of a maritime frontier in seventeenth-century China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Dahpon David

    2011-01-01

    corruption) 603 achieved any tangible result beyond the deaths of 34,000 people in drug-related violence in Mexico

  6. Sealords live in vain : Fujian and the making of a maritime frontier in seventeenth-century China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Dahpon David

    2011-01-01

    Changle xianzhi () , j. 10, xiangyi SZ 18.10). Yu Yang,Youweixuan zoushu , “Tiwei xiangyi pinghai shanhou tiaokuan

  7. SUBWAY TUNNELS IDENTIFICATION THROUGH COSMO-SKYMED PSINSARANALYSIS IN SHANGHAI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perissin, Daniele

    at an extremely lower cost per area than conventional surveying methods. InSAR is becoming more and more popular localized subsidence with remarkable accuracy. Index Terms--PSInSAR, Urban Monitoring, High Resolution, the subsidence in urban area could also be caused by many other anthropogenic factors, such as construction

  8. Motorization Pathway in China: Case Study of Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Jason; Hubbard, Donald

    2008-01-01

    WPTC PTC MPTC PMTC BMTC WMTC BTC WBTC PBTC MSTC PSTC WTCWithin Last 3 Stages PTC MTC BTC STC WTC TC TSC MSC BSC

  9. The Householder Elite: Buddhist Activism in Shanghai, 1920-1956

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessup, James Brooks

    2010-01-01

    Chinese Buddhist Association (CBA, Zhongguo fojiaohui ). Thelobby’s general strategy, the CBA was envisioned with a dualInterior in June 1929, the CBA functioned as the official

  10. Financing the growth of energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang; Gilligan, Donald; Zhao, Yinghua

    2005-01-01

    capacity to use to finance an energy-saving project. Becausefinance for other reasons. Industrial customers typically expected a very short payback on energyfinance industrial and commercial projects. The resistance of commercial and industrial customers to implementing energy

  11. ORNL and Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics cooperate on developmen...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have the potential to economically and reliably produce large quantities of carbon-free energy (both electrical and thermal), but technical challenges remain. SINAP is leading...

  12. World of enterprise How work in Shanghai and support for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    against climate change life saving detection How a new diagnostic device for malaria could save thousands need to understand different Muslim communities 12 energy saving begins at home How Coventry is helping

  13. Developing an energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang; Goldman, Charles; Levine, Mark; Hopper, Nicole

    2004-01-01

    National Laboratory. IPMVP, International Performanceand Verification Protocol (IPMVP), National Association ofstandards, such as the IPMVP, and represents the interests

  14. Financing the growth of energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang; Gilligan, Donald; Zhao, Yinghua

    2005-01-01

    Berkeley, California. IPMVP, International PerformanceFactors The development of the IPMVP In the early 1990s, theVerification Protocol (IPMVP, available at www.ipmvp.org),

  15. A flexible infra-architectural system for a Hybrid Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luna, Rafael (Rafael Alberto)

    2010-01-01

    The increasing migration from a rural to an urban setting has lead to a rapid expansion of metropolitan areas around world (50% of the world population lives in cities). The demand for living and working spaces inside the ...

  16. Advanced Technology & Discovery at Shanghai | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden DocumentationAccommodationsRegisterLithium-basedNuclear5

  17. Bejing Shanghai Xianghe Taihu Shouxian CHINA Lanzhou Zhangye

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT * LOW HILLS * PLATEAU *MTNS Bejing

  18. SNERDI Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan:Roxbury,RushS.K EnterpriseTwoSKG SanghaAmerica,

  19. Shanghai Chaori Solar Energy Science Technology Development Co Ltd | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew Material CorpEnergy

  20. Shanghai Electric Xantrex Power Electronics Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew MaterialEco Energy

  1. Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew MaterialEco EnergyFan

  2. Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Powertrain Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew MaterialEco

  3. Shanghai Hi Show Photovoltaic Science Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew

  4. Shanghai Huiyang New Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang New Energy

  5. Shanghai JEC Environmental Consultant Co Ltd SHJEC | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang New

  6. Shanghai JTU PV Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang NewJTU PV

  7. Shanghai Lilei Electrical Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang NewJTU PVLilei

  8. Shanghai ST Solar Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang NewJTUST Solar

  9. Shanghai Shenzhou New Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang NewJTUST

  10. Shanghai Soban Optoelectronics Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNewHuiyang NewJTUSTSoban

  11. Solland Solar Cells BV Shanghai | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSiliciumEnergy Inc Jump to:Solergy PowerSolis EnergyCells BV

  12. ProPower Renewable Energy Shanghai Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975)Energy Technology JumpWilliam County,|

  13. Shanghai Green Environmental Protection Energy Company Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalentBScirado BrasilSemanticCDM

  14. Shanghai Chuanji Investment Management Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation,Chuanji Investment

  15. Shanghai Electric Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Shanghai Environment and Energy Exchange | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation,ChuanjiEnergy Exchange

  17. Shanghai Environmental Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Shanghai Hanhong Precision Machinery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Shanghai Hupo Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics SITP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITP Jump to:

  1. Shanghai Jieneng Auto Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITP Jump

  2. Shanghai Jiujing Electronics Material Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITP JumpJiujing

  3. Shanghai Laogang Renewable Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITP

  4. Shanghai Maple Tongji University hybrid automobile research partnership |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITPOpen Energy

  5. Shanghai Municipal Electric Power Company SMEPC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITPOpen

  6. Shanghai New Energy industry Association SNEIA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITPOpenindustry

  7. Shanghai Nikki Environment System Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Shanghai Pearl Hydrogen Power Source Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical PhysicsHydrogen Power

  9. Shanghai Prairiesun Solar Technology Co Ltd Shansheng | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Shanghai Prim Sola Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical PhysicsHydrogenPrim Sola

  11. Shanghai Raloss Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical PhysicsHydrogenPrim

  12. Shanghai Senco ANJI Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Shanghai Shen Li High Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Shanghai Shenneng New Energy Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Shanghai SinoSolar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Shanghai Topsolar Green Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Shanghai Very Sun Technologies Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Shanghai Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Shanghai Wind Power Company SWPC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Shanghai Xintan Investment Management Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Shanghai Yangtze Delta Investment Consultancy Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Shanghai Yuke Composite Material Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. CEEG Shanghai Solar Science Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to:EnergyCEEG NanJing New Energy

  4. Work & Life at Shanghai | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubictheThepresented in the7 Table7Work &

  5. China Power International Shanghai Green CLP JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL JumpCMNACelt PowerWind Power Co Ltd

  6. GSMSolar formerly Shanghai General Silicon Material Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTL Solar JumpNetworkingGAOH OffshoreGHESolarGRR

  7. Revitalize the lost enclave : establishing guidelines for the Free Economic Zone in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xing, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on an emerging urban form: Free Economic Zone. As a special enclave with tax incentives and policy experimentation, the FEZ undertakes the mission to grow the economy and test new rules in developing ...

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jenny Grace

    2012-01-01

    women’s liberation, anti-feudalism, the re-examination ofbourgeois imperialism and feudalism), its style (easilysocialism triumph over feudalism, imperialism, capitalism,

  9. Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, China email: youfenwang@shao.ac.cn University Of Hertfordshire, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joergens, Viki

    Youfen Wang , Hugh Jones, Ricky Smart, Federico Marocco, Zhengyi Shao et al. 1. Introduction Most L is a useful bridge between studies of stars and planets. Parallaxes are a model independent parameter that can use the methods adopted in the Torino Observatory Parallax Program (Smart et al. 2003, 2007

  10. Optimal Indoor Air Temperature Considering Energy Savings and Thermal Comfort in the Shanghai Area 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Y.; Lian, Z.; Hou, Z.; Liu, W.

    2006-01-01

    Indoor air temperature is the most important control parameter in air conditioning systems. It not only impacts the thermal comfort of occupants, but also also greatly affects the energy consumption in air conditioning systems. The lower the indoor...

  11. Motorization, Vehicle Purchase and Use Behavior in China: A Shanghai Survey????????????????????????????

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    Ni, Jason

    2008-01-01

    WTC WTPS (WM)BPT (WP)BT (WP)BTC (WP)T N (4+ stages) = 431BPM BPT BPW BSC BST BSW BT BTC BTM BTP BTS BW BWC BWM BWPBPW BPWM BPWT BSC BST BSW BT BTC BTM BTMC BTP BTPC BTS BTSC

  12. Motorization, Vehicle Purchase and Use Behavior in China: A Shanghai Survey????????????????????????????

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Jason

    2008-01-01

    powered by electricity or LPG. The “APV” is called as “Vehicle (____electricity/_____LPG) Motorcycle Car (_______by fuel (gasoline, electricity, LPG, etc. ) instead of human

  13. On Statistical Field Theory T-Life Research Center, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Bailin

    . The phenomenological theory of superconductivity, obtained from the equilibrium condition F i = 0 was so good as to include the theory of the type II superconductors. Now we want to extend it to non-equilibrium situation

  14. Real options theory and the pricing of residential land-use rights in Shanghai

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    Sheen, Victor L. H., 1972-

    2004-01-01

    China's shift away from the welfare housing scheme has generated tremendous demand for private home ownership since the early 1990's. The resulting growth in the housing market fueled the country's transformation towards ...

  15. The Journey to Expert: Teaching Expertise Acquisition of Ten Early Childhood Teachers in Shanghai 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Haiping

    2015-08-03

    ........................................................................................................ 8 Significance .................................................................................................................... 8 Overview of Organization of Dissertation ..................................................................... 9... ................................................................ 79 Table 4.2. Participant Demographics Matrix 2 ................................................................ 80 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION To improve school education and student achievement, it is commonly acknowledged that classroom...

  16. Motorization, Vehicle Purchase and Use Behavior in China: A Shanghai Survey????????????????????????????

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Jason

    2008-01-01

    model as the base) of the information in the survey datamodel as the base) of the information in the survey data.model as the base) of the information in the survey data.

  17. O! Canada? : a pavilion for the 2010 World Exposition in Shanghai

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    Kempster, Coryn

    2008-01-01

    While ninety percent of new buildings in Canada are built with light wood framing, the conventions of this construction method are seldom challenged, the economic systems behind their materials scarcely exposed, and the ...

  18. The Decision to Institutionalize Among Nursing Home Residents and their Children in Shanghai

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    Chen, Lin

    2013-01-01

    2010). Older adults’ participation in nursing home placementThe reasons for nursing home entry in an adult day careHow did nursing home residents and their adult children in

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    2009-01-01

    of aerosols on surface ozone concentration in Tianjin,W. P. L. (1994), Development of ozone reactivity scales forand M. M. Fox (1953), Ozone formation in photochemical

  20. MEMS Design Synthesis Based on Hybrid Evolutionary Computation B.S. (Tongji University, Shanghai) 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    MEMS Design Synthesis Based on Hybrid Evolutionary Computation by Ying Zhang B.S. (Tongji is approved: Chair Date Date Date Date University of California, Berkeley Fall 2006 #12;MEMS Design Synthesis Based on Hybrid Evolutionary Computation © 2006 by Ying Zhang #12;1 Abstract MEMS Design Synthesis Based

  1. Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

    2006-01-01

    )savings calculation procedures. The intent is to provide guidance on minimum acceptable levels of performance for determining energy and demand savings, using measurements, in commercial transactions. 2) IPMVP, International Performance Measurement... ASHRAE 14P IPMVP FEMP Original Model Error 1 st Calibrated Model Error 2nd Calibrated Model Error 3rd Calibrated Model Error ERRmonth ±5% ±20% ±15% ?22.24% ?32.45% ?15.2% ?10.01% ERRyear ? ? ±10% ?6.76% ?11.27% ?6.71% ?2.37% CV...

  2. Motorization, Vehicle Purchase and Use Behavior in China: A Shanghai Survey????????????????????????????

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Jason

    2008-01-01

    Last 4 Stages BPTC WPTC PTC MPTC PMTC BMTC WMTC BTC WBTCcases. Within Last 4 Stages MPTC PBTC MSTC PSTC BWTC TMSC (

  3. International Heat Pipe Conference (13th IHPC), Shanghai, China, September 21-25, 2004.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    of applications ranging from thermal management of electronics to fuel cells and to bio-medical applications@ike.uni-stuttgart.de ° Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, 781039 Guwahati, India. $%675 is presented which provides considerable food for thought toward the next progressive step. At high enough heat

  4. Above Sea: Modern and Contemporary Art from the Ruins of Shanghai's New Heaven on Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jenny Grace

    2012-01-01

    tried to lift China’s shipbuilding industry to its own feetfighting life on the shipbuilding front. 147 As thisZu Hua de Chuangzuo” [“Shipbuilding Industry Fights to Stand

  5. Shanghai and Chicago Take Their Clean Energy Relationship to the Next Level

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummaryDISTDepartment SEMIANNUAL REPORTgas is natural gas trapped inside|

  6. Shanghai Comtec Solar Technology Ltd aka Comtec Solar System Group Ltd |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon MaterialNew Material

  7. Digital Sofcell Shanghai ShenLi Goeta solid oxide fuel cell joint venture |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to: navigation,Department ofEnergie JumpDiebuLazikouEnergyOpen

  8. Shanghai Shenhua Wind Power New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalentBScirado BrasilSemanticCDMShenhua

  9. Shanghai Solar Energy S T Co Ltd SSEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:TechnicalShenneng NewS T Co Ltd

  10. Alex New Energy Ltd Shanghai Alex New Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -Telephone CoAledia Jump to:AleutiansAlex New Energy

  11. Teito Tokyo: Empire, Modernity, and the Metropolitan Imagination

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    Goddard, Timothy Unverzagt

    2013-01-01

    of East Asia (Keij?, Taipei, Dalian, and Shanghai). 141 Yisuch as Keij?, Taipei, Dalian, and Shanghai. As my study has

  12. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

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    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    11. Anhui Grid Basic Electricity Rates, Effective 1993 12.Tangshan Grid Basic Electricity Rates, Effective 1993 13.Fujian Grid Basic Electricity Rates, Effective 1993 14.

  13. Automatic contour-based road network design for optimized wind farm micrositing

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    Gu, H; Wang, J; Lin, Q; Gong, Q

    2015-01-01

    and R. Li, “Study on wind power generation cost in Zhejiang:ing renewable energy. A wind power generation station, alsotheir applications to wind power prediction, and wind energy

  14. Anti-Sensornet: Intruders and Countermeasure Dept. ofComputer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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    network research has focused on intelligence of sensors or sensor networks, such as tracking the movement current sensor networks fail to detect intelligent intruders as they were developed under the assumption of non-intelligent intruders. We, here, address this problem of how to build a robust sensor network

  15. A talk given at the 6th China-Japan Conference on Number Theory (Shanghai; August 15-17, 2011)

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    Sun, Zhi-Wei

    of my number-theoretic conjectures and related progress Zhi-Wei Sun Nanjing University Nanjing 210093, P represented). This project was completed via three papers: Z. W. Sun [Acta Arith. 2007], S. Guo, H. Pan & Z. W

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    Ham, Daniel

    2013-06-11

    different approaches: direct environmental interventions, such as drainage schemes, and quinine prophylaxis. The success of these schemes varied according to local priorities, budgetary constraints, and colonial agendas. Recent studies have broadened...

  17. Megacity impacts on regional ozone formation: observations and WRF-Chem modeling for the MIRAGE-Shanghai field campaign

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    2013-01-01

    4 September, when the city pollution was defined as “cleanSeptember, when the city pollution was defined as “pollutedpollution control not only in the urban area of large cities,

  18. Balancing Rites and Rights: The Social and Cultural Politics of New-Style Weddings in Republican Shanghai, 1898-1953

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    Cowden, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    in hand” meeting He Xiangyi ( ), prominent female politicalJiang Soong lianmei wu He Xiangyi SLGB, 149-53. pictorialJiang Soong lianmei wu He Xiangyi _______, “Jiang Zhongzheng

  19. Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2010, Shanghai Spatial Structures Permanent and Temporary

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    Lygeros, John

    Restaurant at Xochimilco [4], and (right) Chapel Lomas de Cuernavaca [4]. Although the shape of both shells

  20. Preprint version 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Shanghai, CN Haptic Teleoperation of Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teleoperation of Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles over the Internet Dongjun Lee, Antonio Franchi, Paolo Robuffo control framework for multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) over the Internet, consisting of the three Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are well-recognized for their promises to achieve many powerful

  1. Erratum: ``Nitrogen diffusion mechanism in the R2Fe17 lattice'' [Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 208 (1995)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, De-Ping

    1995-01-01

    and A. Z. Li Department of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Metallurgy Institute of Metallurgy, Shanghai 200050, People's Republic of China a Electronic mail: nlip

  2. Spectral Method Using Hermite Functions for Semilinear Wave ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Huang, Chenglong Xu and Yingwei Wang

    2009-08-28

    and Science Technology. Nanjing, 210044 ... Shanghai E-Institute of Scientific Computing. Shanghai ..... Education Committee E-Research Subject E03004.

  3. arXiv:0908.3933v1[astro-ph.GA]27Aug2009 Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. 12135 August 27, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunthaler, Andreas

    , Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 20030, China 6 Ural State University, Ekaterinburg, 620083, Russia Moscow, Russia 5 Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory

  4. Bismuth-induced phase control of GaAs nanowires grown by molecular...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 500 Yu-Tian Road, Shanghai 200083 (China) Materials Engineering,...

  5. PDF file

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-12-05

    ... Shanghai E-Institute for Computational Science, 200234, Shanghai, China ... to be approximated; the parameter ? > 0 is a mapping parameter which will affect.

  6. Assessment of China's virtual air pollution transport embodied in trade by using a consumption-based emission inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    emissions in nearly all provinces. In Beijing, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhe- jiang and Guangdong, biomass combustion

  7. Automatic contour-based road network design for optimized wind farm micrositing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, H; Wang, J; Lin, Q; Gong, Q

    2015-01-01

    in Zhejiang: Analysis of wind farm construction cost,” Eastroute slection on wind farm construction,” in Proc. 2010planning of the wind farm construction. A well-chosen road

  8. Stochastic Steepest Descent Optimization of Multiple-Objective ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-02

    May 9, 2012 ... also with the State Key Laboratory of Industrial Control Technology, Zhejiang. University ..... The material is mainly based on [16]. Let P = {pij}i ...

  9. Automatic contour-based road network design for optimized wind farm micrositing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, H; Wang, J; Lin, Q; Gong, Q

    2015-01-01

    R. Guanche, “Offshore wind farm layout opti- mization usingin Zhejiang: Analysis of wind farm construction cost,” EastPayan, “Optimization of wind farm turbines layout using an

  10. Athletic equipment microbiota are shaped by interactions with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Marine Biological Lab., Woods Hole, MA (United States); Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (China)...

  11. The soil microbiome influences grapevine-associated microbiota...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Marine Biological Lab., Woods Hole, MA (United States); Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (China)...

  12. Towards large-cohort comparative studies to define the factors...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Marine Biological Lab., Woods Hole, MA (United States); Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (China)...

  13. 1996 International Conference on Circuits and System Sciences, Shanghai, China, June 20-25, 1996. * This research is partially supported by Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Tsau Young

    on systems that have no analytic models. It pays, however, its price in the step of verification-25, 1996. In CC, verification and validation is easy, because system models are often derived from the laws. ----------------------- * This research is partially supported by Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California ** On leave

  14. MTNR1B rs10830963 is associated with fasting plasma glucose, HbA1C and impaired beta-cell function in Chinese Hans from Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chen; Wu, Ying; Li, Huaixing; Qi, Qibin; Langenberg, Claudia; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Lin, Xu

    2010-04-14

    was obtained from the participants and the Institu- tional Review Board of the Institute for Nutritional Sciences approved the study protocol. Genotyping The SNP rs10830963 was genotyped by the GenomeLab SNPstream Genotyping System (Beckman Coulter) with 98... , Nijpels G, Maassen JA, Dekker JM, t Hart LM: Combined effects of single- nucleotide polymorphisms in GCK, GCKR, G6PC2 and MTNR1B on fasting plasma glucose and type 2 diabetes risk. Diabetologia 2009, 52(9):1866-1870. 11. Sparso T, Bonnefond A...

  15. Effects of Lung Support Formula on respiratory symptoms among older adults: results of a three-month follow-up study in Shanghai, China

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    2013-01-01

    reported to have chronic cough, chronic expectoration andproduction of mucus, making coughs more productive. However,had symptoms like chronic cough, expectoration, dyspnea for

  16. A particle simulation of current sheet instabilities under finite guide field X. Y. Wang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhihong

    . This theory was later extended to investigation of a Harris current sheet.3 An electromagnetic local linear Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, ZheJiang University, Hang Zhou, ZheJiang 310058, China Received. DOI: 10.1063/1.2938732 I. INTRODUCTION Magnetic reconnection1 is believed to be a fundamental physical

  17. Long Arithmetic Progressions in A + A + A with A a Prime Subset1 Zhen Cui, Hongze Li and Boqing Xue2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hongze

    ] gave an ingenious construction of a set A ZN with |A| = (1/2-)N, but with A+A containing no arithmetic Municipal Education Commission. 2Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240

  18. Navigating the Boundaries of Political Tolerance: Environmental Litigation in China

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    Stern, Rachel E.

    2009-01-01

    with a plaintiff in a 2004 light pollution case because theChina’s first “bright light” pollution case in Shanghai ingroundbreaking 2004 Shanghai light pollution case was also

  19. Advanced Window and Shading Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Shanghai facility, where LBNL is field testing comercialized electrochromic windows. Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA Partners: --...

  20. Report on the Center for Spatial Studies

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    Hegarty, Mary; Goodchild, Michael; Janelle, Donald; Doehner, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Intelligence. Keynote, GeoInformatics 2011, Shanghai. 2011,Earth. Keynote, GeoInformatics 2012, Chinese University of

  1. Empowering State Capitalism in China: The Revival, Legitimization and Development of Private Enterprises

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    Chen, Zongshi

    2011-01-01

    cities, such as Shunde, Dalian and Qingdao, became as matureShanghai, Suzhou, and Dalian. Many entrepreneurs, scholars,

  2. Chaofeng Lu Department of Civil Engineering and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Chaofeng Lu¨ Department of Civil Engineering and Soft Matter Research Center, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 Ming Li Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

  3. Automatic contour-based road network design for optimized wind farm micrositing

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    Gu, H; Wang, J; Lin, Q; Gong, Q

    2015-01-01

    and R. Li, “Study on wind power generation cost in Zhejiang:Analysis of wind farm construction cost,” East China Invest.RE_ Technologies_Cost_Analysis-WIND_POWER.pdf [6] G.

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 28, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1998 47 Decentralized Adaptive Fuzzy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yaochu

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 28, NO. 1, FEBRUARY of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang Univer- sity, Hangzhou 310027, China. Publisher Item Identifier S 1083

  5. Automatic contour-based road network design for optimized wind farm micrositing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, H; Wang, J; Lin, Q; Gong, Q

    2015-01-01

    and R. Guanche, “Offshore wind farm layout opti- mization1] S. Zhao and R. Li, “Study on wind power generation costin Zhejiang: Analysis of wind farm construction cost,” East

  6. Efficient Nonlinear Optimization with Rigorous Models for Large Scale Industrial Chemical Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yu

    2011-08-08

    of Department, Michael Pishko May 2011 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering iii ABSTRACT Efficient Nonlinear Optimization with Rigorous Models for Large Scale Industrial Chemical Processes. (May 2011) Yu Zhu, B.S., Zhejiang University; M.S., Zhejiang... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. Nonlinear Optimization with Rigorous Large Scale Models 1 B. Chemical Applications of Nonlinear Optimization . . . . . 2 1. Design under Uncertainty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Optimal Operations with Steady State Models . . . . 4...

  7. A Multifunctional 3D Ferroelectric and NLO-Active Porous Metal-Organic Zhengang Guo,

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    Li, Jing

    A Multifunctional 3D Ferroelectric and NLO-Active Porous Metal-Organic Framework Zhengang Guo, Rong, second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) materials have also undergone rapid development owing of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  8. Synthesis and Structural Determination of a Hexanuclear Zirconium Glycine Compound Formed in Aqueous Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    Synthesis and Structural Determination of a Hexanuclear Zirconium Glycine Compound Formed, Fujian 350002, P. R. China Received February 14, 2008 Single crystals of a zirconium-glycine compound-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure revealed that it is composed of hexa-zirconium octahedral clusters

  9. Attachments Energy Ratings Council | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Covering Manufacturing Association More Documents & Publications Fabricate-on-Demand Vacuum Insulating Glazings The new building wing of the Saint-Gobain Research Shanghai...

  10. The future of electric two-wheelers and electric vehicles in China

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    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Ogden, Joan M.; Sperling, Dan; Burke, Andy

    2008-01-01

    transmission (Meszler, 2007). LPG scooters are excluded frommotorcycles (Shanghai, 32%, only LPG type), and cities whereand gasoline (and sometimes LPG) have become the dominant

  11. Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions

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    Feng, Wei

    2013-01-01

    potential for CHP application in Shanghai. For renewable energyrenewable technologies combined with (by current standards) extreme efficiency measures. The cost effectiveness and energy saving potential

  12. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

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    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    for California Natural Gas Vehicles Partnership. ShanghaiReport for California Natural Gas Vehicles Partnership. CISfor compressed natural gas cars. 14 The vehicle kilometers

  13. Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science & Technology Multiple Openings : Chemistry, Materials Science, Nanotechnology

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    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Science, Nanotechnology Shanghai, China We have several job openings for experienced polymer chemists / nanotechnology. We will consider hiring chemists who are skillful in macromolecular synthesis ("click chemistry

  14. Chinese and Chinese American Life-Writing

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    Cheung, KK

    2015-01-01

    The Chinaman Pacific: Must a Chinese American Critic ChooseAn Anthology of Ancient Chinese Poetry (??????) (Shanghai,The Woman Warrior and the Chinese-American Autobiographical

  15. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    yuan/t City Datong Dalian Shanghai Nanjing ZhangjiagangFuels Corporations. 2. Coal types: Dalian price is for Fuxinquality monitoring In Dalian werereportedfor both automatic

  16. Instrumentation and Diagnostics for High Repetition Rate LINAC-Driven FEL

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    De Santis, S

    2014-01-01

    Evtushenko, “Electron Beam Diagnostics For High Current FELDrivers”, FEL 2011, Shanghai (2011). [5] F. Sannibale, etREPETITION RATE LINAC-DRIVEN FEL S. De Santis # , J. Byrd,

  17. Researchers Develop Multi-Sensing Probe To Assess Bed Sores ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bangalore, India; Shanghai, China; Munich, Germany; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Detroit, Michigan and Tirat Carmel, Israel. Visit GE Global Research on the web at...

  18. Update on the Pfam5000 Strategy for Selection of StructuralGenomics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: 2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology27th Annual Conference, Shanghai, China, September 1-4,2005 Research Org:...

  19. GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    purification industry SHANGHAI, September. 17, 2015 - A team of scientists led by the Coating and Membrane Technology Laboratory at GE's China Technology Center have successfully...

  20. The Type 054/054A Frigate Series: China’s All-Purpose Surface Combatant

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    COLLINS, Gabe; CLEMENS, Morgan; GUNNESS, Kristen

    2014-01-01

    their production so that overall shipyard activity can beat sea and Chinese military shipyards appear to be learningShanghai and the Huangpu shipyard in Guangzhou. Additional

  1. Towards a Virtual Research Environment for Paediatric Endocrinology across Europe

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    Jiang, J.

    Jiang,J. Sinnott,R.O. Stell,A.J. Ahmed,F. Hiort,O. HealthGrid workshop, CCGrid 2009, Shanghai, China, May 2009.

  2. Ballistic performance of nanocrystalline and nanotwinned ultrafine crystal steel

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    Suresh, Subra

    Polite´cnica de Madrid ­ CISDEM, Madrid, Spain b Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China c Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA d Centre for Advanced Kong, People's Republic of China e IMDEA Materials Institute, Calle Profesor Aranguren, s/n, 28040

  3. Partitioning networks into communities by message passing MOE-Microsoft Laboratory for Intelligent Computing and Intelligent Systems,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nardini, Christine

    for Intelligent Computing and Intelligent Systems, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao and Intelligent Systems, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong of Computational Biology, CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue

  4. A Modeling Study of PM2.5 Air Pollution in China: Primary and Secondary Inorganic Aerosols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Li

    2015-05-05

    . Industrial emissions are important throughout the year (15%-45% in Beijing and 39%-60% in Shanghai). Dust contributions can be as much as 20-30% in spring and fall seasons. Contributions to primary PM2.5 from other sources are relatively small. In Shanghai...

  5. arXiv:0908.3933v1 [astroph.GA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunthaler, Andreas

    , Profsouznaya st. 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia 5 Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 20030, China 6 Ural State University, Ekaterinburg, 620083, Russia Received date; accepted date Abstract. The ATCA, MERLIN and VLA interferometers

  6. Weitere Kolloquiumstermine sind im WWW abrufbar. Fakultt II Informatik, Wirtschafts-und

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    . Yuelin Wang Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology einen Vortrag mit dem Titel MEMS of the early beginners, Shanghai institute of micro system and information Technology (SIMIT) started its MEMS has 1600 m2 clean room for MEMS fabrication and packaging, and focuses on micro/nano sensors by means

  7. On the equivalences and differences of evolutionary algorithms Haiping Ma a,c,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    Engineering and Automation, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China a r t i c l e i n f o Article history Differential evolution Evolution strategy Particle swarm optimization a b s t r a c t Evolutionary algorithms- zation (PSO) (Bratton and Kennedy, 2007; Kennedy and Eberhart, 1995; Kennedy, 1997) have received much

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 56555669, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5655/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    (version 3 of Weather Research and Forecasting Chemical model ­ WRF-Chemv3) is applied for this study not only in the urban area, but also on a regional scale of the surrounding area of Shanghai. The results (volatile organic compound)-limited condition in the urban area of Shanghai. Moreover, the VOC

  9. Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Biomedical Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ge

    Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Biomedical Imaging Volume 2008, Article ID of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China 2 Biomedical Imaging Division, VT-WFU School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA Correspondence should

  10. Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2014 Conference, pages 318326, Philadelphia, U.S.A., 18-20 June 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014 Association for Computational Linguistics The SJTU System for Dialog State Tracking Challenge 2 Kai Sun, Lu Chen, Su Zhu and Kai Yu Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai, China {accreator, chenlusz, paul2204, kai.yu}@sjtu.edu.cn Abstract Dialog state tracking

  11. Preparation and characterization of transparent PZNPLZT ceramics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Preparation and characterization of transparent PZN­PLZT ceramics Q.R Yin,a) A.L. Ding, X.S. Zheng, and P.S. Qiu The State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfire Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ding Xi Road, 200050, Shanghai, China M

  12. Microstructure and ferroelectric properties of MnO2-doped bismuth-layer ,,Ca,Sr...Bi4Ti4O15 ceramics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    ceramics Gurong Li, Liaoying Zheng, and Qingrui Yina State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy showed that the platelike grains in CSBTM ceramics become

  13. SCIENCE CHINA Month Year Vol. Vol No. No: 116

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Alexandre

    SCIENCE CHINA Month Year Vol. Vol No. No: 1­16 doi: An Evaluation Framework for Energy AwareShanghai Key Laboratory of Trustworthy Computing East China Normal University, Shanghai 20062, China together with Intelligent, Energy Aware Buildings will play a major role in achieving an energy efficient

  14. Producer-Focused Life Cycle Assessment of Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Teresa Weirui

    2011-01-01

    Phoenix, US Shanghai, China Mumbai, India Insolation (kWh/mPhoenix, AZ Los Angeles, CA Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Honolulu, HI Insolation (kWh/Phoenix, US Madrid, Spain Munich, Germany Mumbai, India Toulouse, France Shanghai, China Insolation (kWh/

  15. Dynamic Interfacial Properties Between a Flexible-Chain Polymer and a Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, James J.

    Dynamic Interfacial Properties Between a Flexible-Chain Polymer and a Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Polymer Investigated by an Ellipsoidal Drop Retraction Method Ruobing Yu,1 Wei Yu,1 Chixing Zhou,1 J. J. Feng2 1 Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai

  16. Pi Tau Sigma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    tasks? start time in topological order. If for each task in S, its start time plus the execution time is no greater than its corresponding deadline, i.e., tpist + dpiex(vpi) ? Dpi ;8pi 2 S, then the deadline constraint is satisfied. B. Problem...-Based Simultaneous Task and Voltage Scheduling for NoC Systems. (May 2011) Yu Yang, B.S., Zhejiang University; M.S., Zhejiang University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jiang Hu Network-on-Chip (NoC) is emerging as a promising communication structure, which...

  17. Alkalinity tolerance of peach rootstocks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yan

    1992-01-01

    be substituted for chlorophyll analyses in the alkalinity tolerance evaluation in sorghum, soybeans and citrus (DeCianzio et al. , 1979; Mckenzie et al. , 1984; Sudahono, 1991). Active Fe, a form of Fe effective in chlorophyll formation, is proportional... 1992 ABSTRACT Alkalinity Tolerance of Peach Rootstocks. (May 1992) Yan Shi, B. S. , Fujian Agricultural College Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. David H. Byrne Peaches suffer from Fe chlorosis when grown in alkaline soils. A range of alkalinity...

  18. The Effects of Landscape Variables on the Species-Area Relationship during Late-Stage Habitat Fragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    for Conservation, Energy, and Sustainability, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, People's Republic of China, 4 and source are credited. Funding: Funding provided by Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. * E-mail: fis

  19. Chanchun Summer Institute List of Participants July 2011 SURNAME GIVEN NAME AFFILIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jian-Feng

    GUIONNET Alice C GUO HARDY T HE HU HU HUI JIANG C JIANG T KHAROUF T LI LI LI T LI C LI LIU LU Northesat Normal Univ., Changchun Zhi-Gang Zhejiang University CNRS and Université Paris-Est CNRS Zhen Northwest University Guo-Ping Chinese Academy of Sciences Liu Yuan Chinese Academy of Sciences

  20. Author's personal copy Hybrid biogeography-based evolutionary algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    , Zhejiang, China a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 8 October 2013 Received in revised form 2 s t r a c t Hybrid evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are effective optimization methods that combine; Dorigo and Gambardella, 1997), particle swarm optimization (PSO) (Bratton and Kennedy, 2007

  1. On Optimal Information Capture by Energy-Constrained Mobile Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-31

    of motion, which is an important constraint for mobile sensor cov- erage. In this paper, we analyze ... Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China. (e-mail: ...... characterized by the step utility function. Assume that there ..... [24] A. Rula and C. Nuttall, “An analysis of ground mobility models,” U.S.

  2. Adaptive control of basis weight and moisture content for a paperboard machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    , Zhejiang, P.R. China Received 14 July 1992; revised 20 July 1993 The development and industrial application. Since then, a number of adaptive control techniques have been applied to pulp and paper processes-. 0959.R. China, which produces packing board using straw pulp and wood pulp. Figure I presents the flow diagram

  3. Study on optical finite impulse response filter Guangjie Zeng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Study on optical finite impulse response filter Ying Zhou Guangjie Zeng Feihong Yu Zhejiang University State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation Optical Engineering Department Hangzhou Kong Abstract. We present an optical finite impulse response (FIR) filter de- sign method. Based

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 29, NO. 6, DECEMBER 1999 829 On Generating FC Fuzzy Rule Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yaochu

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART B: CYBERNETICS, VOL. 29, NO. 6, DECEMBER is with the Industrial Engineering Department, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. He is also with the Electrical Engineering Department, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China. W. von

  5. Simulated power spectral density (PSD) of background electrocorticogram (ECoG) Cognitive Neurodynamics 3(1): 97-103 (2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J.

    2009-01-01

    of California at Berkeley, CA 94720-3206 USA dfreeman@berkeley.edu Jian Zhai Department of Mathematics Zhejiang, consuming what is referred to as "dark energy" [Raichle, 2006]. Its role is comparable and brain readiness is very costly, it is indispensible for survival in a competitive world. Just as body

  6. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 10 OCTOBER 2010 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1790 Modelling loop-top X-ray source and reconnection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    an important role in many plasma phenomena including solar flares3,4 , star formation5 and other astrophysical events6 , laser-driven plasma jets7­9 , and fusion plasma instabilities10 . Because of the large and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China, 6Institute for Fusion and Simulation, Zhejiang

  7. Modeling, Optimization and Control of Rotary Traveling-Wave Cheng Zhuo, Huafeng Zhang, Rupak Samanta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jiang

    Modeling, Optimization and Control of Rotary Traveling-Wave Oscillator Cheng Zhuo, Huafeng Zhang, Rupak Samanta1 , Jiang Hu2 , Kangsheng Chen Department of Information Science & Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, China 1,2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A

  8. Silole-Containing Poly(diphenylacetylene): Synthesis, Characterization, and Light Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China 2 Key of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China Received 8 December 2005 electron affin- Correspondence to: B. Z. Tang (E-mail: tangbenz@ust.hk) Journal of Polymer Science: Part A

  9. Light-Emitting Polyacetylenes: Synthesis and Electrooptical Properties of Poly(1-phenyl-1-alkyne)s Bearing Naphthyl Pendants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Chemistry, Center for Display Research, The Hong Kong UniVersity of Science & Technology (HKUST), Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong; Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang UniVersity, Hangzhou 310027; and Colleague of Materials Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing

  10. R. Tennant, February 2015 1 Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennant, Raymond F.

    -chair) a three-year university-wide self study of the Abu Dhabi and Dubai campuses which successfully received Abdul Rahim Abound), Proceedings of the 2011 World Congress on Engineering and Technology, Shanghai

  11. Chu in China: The Shared Necessity of Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu tours automotive research labs in Shanghai and gives a speech to 800 university students on the critical role that science and innovation will play in ensuring both countries' future prosperity.

  12. Contemporary Mathematics Convex solutions of fully nonlinear elliptic equations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guan, Pengfei

    = -1 in ,(1.1) u = 0 on , in bounded plane convex domain . By an ingenious argument involving the max by Shanghai Priority Academic Discipline, the grants from Ministry of Education of China and NSFC No.10371041

  13. From the Academy Novel polymers: Molecular to nanoscale order in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Chi

    materials. Advanced synthetic approaches, characterization of solution structures, study of the parameters Road, Yangpu, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China The assembly of polymer chains in solution interactions (hydrophobic, hydrogen-bonding, and electrostatic interactions), with the process being elegantly

  14. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01

    Roadster, Tesla Model S, and Volkswagen E-Up! Most of theFirst Automotive Works-Volkswagen joint venture FDI Foreignof China SVW Shanghai Volkswagen, joint venture between SAIC

  15. Rm.3121 2350 Hayward St. Ann Arbor, MI 48105

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Samantha

    Assistant on Liquefied Natural Gas in Mechanical Engineering Department, Shanghai Jiao Tong University ACTIVITIES: l Simulated the process of producing liquefied natural using HYSYS. (Sep. 2008-Aug.2010) Active

  16. TRANSFORMING AND DISRUPTING PERSONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with populations exceeding 10 million Hypercities: Tokyo (38M), Delhi (25M), Shanghai (23M), Mexico City, Mumbai Integrated Sensing with Maps, GPS, V2X Driver State Knowledge #12;CADILLAC SUPER CRUISE =+ Sensor Fusion

  17. Experimental Research and Performance Analysis of a Solar-Powered Air-conditioning System in a Green Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, X.; Wang, R.; Dai, Y.; Wu, J.

    2006-01-01

    Based on the green building of the Shanghai Institute of Architectural Science, a solar-powered adsorption air-conditioning system was designed. The operational performance under a typical operating mode in summer was ...

  18. Phase Structure and Properties of Poly(ethylene terephthalate)/High-Density Polyethylene Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, People's Republic of China Received 12 June 2008 words: polyethylene; recycling; blends; poly(ethylene terephthalate) INTRODUCTION Plastics account-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), Poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET), etc. The plastic waste

  19. What to Remember while Writing Scientific Papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering The University of New Mexico Min-You Wu Dept of Computer Science and Engineering Shanghai Jiao Proofread! common errors Fix `s Wind tunnel's result -> the result from wind tunnel Doesn't -> does not Can

  20. On attractant scheduling in networks based on bacterial communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    On attractant scheduling in networks based on bacterial communication Yunlong Gao Shanghai Jiaotong on bacterial communication. Bacterial communication is a communication paradigm between biological cells which using chemical attractants. Although bacterial communication occurs in nature, engineering

  1. China Cools with Tighter RAC Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang; Rosenquist, Gregory

    2006-01-01

    J. Chinese Room Air-Conditioning Heat Pumps: An Engineeringsuch shortage, incremental air-conditioning load is also asuch as Shanghai, air-conditioning load accounts for 40% of

  2. Ventilative cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graça, Guilherme Carrilho da, 1972-

    1999-01-01

    This thesis evaluates the performance of daytime and nighttime passive ventilation cooling strategies for Beijing, Shanghai and Tokyo. A new simulation method for cross-ventilated wind driven airflow is presented . This ...

  3. On The Roles of APIs in the Coordination of Collaborative Software Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Cleidson R.; Redmiles, David F.

    2009-01-01

    Workshop on Mining Software Repositories, Shanghai, China.law and beyond." IEEE Software: 63–70. Hutchins, E. (1995a).Open implementation. IEEE Software, 13(1), 8–11. Kiczales,

  4. How American Businesses are Leading the Way in Green Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2015 - 1:20pm Addthis See how U.S. companies made the Shanghai Tower a shining example of green building. | Graphic by Matty Greene, Department of...

  5. Yilun Jiang 220 Handan Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    Yilun Jiang 220 Handan Road Shanghai 200433, China telephone: 86- 21- 5566- 4267 mobile phone: 86., Zhuang, G., Lin, Y., Li, J., Jiang, Y., Fu, J. S.: The emissions of fine organic aerosol from

  6. Golden Valley Elec Assn Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric JumpAtlasBridge Strategies JumpFujian

  7. Goldenwest Electric Coop, Inc (North Dakota) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric JumpAtlasBridge Strategies JumpFujianNorth

  8. Studying Brain Morphometry using Conformal Equivalence Class Dept of Neurology/Math

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yalin

    ylwang@math.ucla.edu Wei Dai Dept of Math Zhejiang Univ dw0426@zju.edu.cn Yi-Yu Chou Dept of Neurology UCLA yiyu.chou@loni.ucla.edu Xianfeng Gu Dept of Comp Sci Stony Brook Univ gu@cs.sunysb.edu Tony F. Chan Dept of Math UCLA chan@math.ucla.edu Arthur W. Toga Dept of Neurology UCLA toga@loni.ucla.edu Paul

  9. Isospin-dependent properties of asymmetric nuclear matter in relativistic mean field models RID A-2398-2009 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Lie-Wen; Ko, Che Ming; Li, Bao-An.

    2007-01-01

    REVIEW C 76, 054316 (2007) Isospin-dependent properties of asymmetric nuclear matter in relativistic mean field models Lie-Wen Chen,1,2 Che Ming Ko,3 and Bao-An Li4 1Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240... usually give excellent descriptions of nuclear properties around or below the saturation density. 0556-2813/2007/76(5)/054316(25) 054316-1 ?2007 The American Physical Society LIE-WEN CHEN, CHE MING KO, AND BAO-AN LI PHYSICAL REVIEW C 76, 054316 (2007...

  10. chariots of fire Tom McNab recalls the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    communities? malcolm baird As I remember it Strathclyde A u T u M N 2 0 0 7 Improving world health Why. And that's no idle boast. Triple accreditation puts us in the top 1% of the world's schools. It IS ALSO AT BAHRAIN DUBAI ABU DHABI HONG KONG GREECE MALAYSIA OMAN SHANGHAI SINGAPORE ZURICH THE ELITE 1

  11. 4 Liberty Lane West, Hampton, NH 03842 (917) 445-1143 davidqiu0115@gmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (WTE) Versus Coal Electricity in Their Environmental Impacts Conducted waste management research and coal electricity industry in Shanghai Energy & Environmental Dept, BAOSTEEL GROUP CO. Summer Intern, USA; 2. Ling Qiu, Part I: Analysis of the Economics of Waste-toEnergy Plants; Part II: MSW Sorting

  12. Classification of Signature-only Signature Models Zhengjun Cao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Classification of Signature-only Signature Models Zhengjun Cao Department of Mathematics, Shanghai classification. Keywords signing party, verifying party, lucidity of a message's content, method of producing Pk, consequence of updating Sk. 1 Introduction There are about sixty digital signature models introduced

  13. Converge-Cast with MIMO Luoyi Fu, Yi Qin, Xinbing Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xinbing

    Converge-Cast with MIMO Luoyi Fu, Yi Qin, Xinbing Wang Dept. of Electronic Engineering Shanghai investigates throughput and delay based on a newly predominant traffic pattern, called converge-cast, where schemes under converge-cast for both static and mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), respectively. In a static

  14. Quantile Regression with 1-regularization and Gaussian Kernels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantile Regression with 1-regularization and Gaussian Kernels Lei Shi1,2 , Xiaolin Huang1 , Zheng Sciences, Fudan University Shanghai 200433, P. R. China Abstract The quantile regression problem of 1-quantile regression with Gaussian kernels is almost the same as that of the RKHS-based learning

  15. Global Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    change policies: escalation of wood energy production, consumption and trade 3. Globalization of forest Lacey Act Amendment f. EU renewable (wood) energy policies Forests, Markets, Policy & PracticeGlobal Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice Shanghai, China

  16. Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2012 Leuven 14th Annual Conference, KUL, Leuven, Belgium; the 2012 Paris Environmental and Energy Trade Analysis Conference in Shanghai, China; and the 2013 EAERE Conference in Toulouse, France. hal strong economic and political support, despite risks of inefficiency and distortions. The effects

  17. A Simplified Multivariate Markov Chain Model for the Construction and Control of Genetic Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Raymond

    networks, linear model, Bayesian networks, non-linear ordinary differential equations, Petri nets, Boolean Networks Shu-Qin Zhang School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai,200433, China E-mail:rchan@math.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--The construction and control of genetic regulatory networks using gene expression data

  18. 2 0 1 3 A N N U A L R E P O R T In 2014, we will mark our 116th year in operation, a testament to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    exports products to Europe and Asia. In 2013, International Paper entered into a joint venture with a 75, printing and copier paper for both domestic markets and export. ASIA/CHINA Headquartered in Shanghai- board business is a joint venture with Sun Paper, one of China's largest paper manufacturers. EMEA/RUSSIA

  19. Performance Monitoring of MPC Based on Dynamic Principal Component Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    Performance Monitoring of MPC Based on Dynamic Principal Component Analysis Xue Min Tian Gong Quan Center of China MCC20 Group Co., Ltd., Shanghai 201900, China (E-mail: chen9028@163.com). School for performance monitoring of constrained multi-variable model predictive control (MPC) systems. In the proposed

  20. Growth Versus Government Management Improvement During

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podobnik, Boris

    and Thermal Energy Science, School of Physical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092, Shanghai, China, 8 Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. In estimating how the private sector2 . Motivated by the popular debate on the economic and political merits of government

  1. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1249912512, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/12499/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    activity during fog­haze episode: a case study from Shanghai C. Leng1, Q. Zhang1, D. Zhang1, C. Xu1, T) and aerosol activity (ac- tivated aerosol fraction, NCCN/NCN) were examined during a fog­haze co- Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union. #12;12500 C. Len

  2. 2044 Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22 November 2000 Protein functional-group 3D motif and its applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Yuzhen

    2044 Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22 November 2000 Protein functional-group 3D motif and its applications YE Yuzhen, XIE Tao & DING Dafu Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry, Chinese Academy is more sensitive for protein function prediction. #12;NOTES Chinese Science Bulletin Vol. 45 No. 22

  3. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLANT PATHOGENIC Prepared by Gabrielle Carstensen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    93 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLANT PATHOGENIC BACTERIA Prepared by Gabrielle Carstensen The 13th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria (ICPPB) was held during June 2014 in Shanghai, China. This was a conference where phytobacteriologists from all over the world come together

  4. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 50275044, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/5027/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    . Overall impacts from individual source categories which include local/regional NOx and VOC emission sources and NOx emissions from power plants for three megacities ­ Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou ­ were megacities. Local NOx emission control without regional involvement may raise the risk of increasing urban

  5. CASC&ENJournalsACSLog In Serving The Chemical, Life Sciences & Laboratory Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theodorakis, Emmanuel

    --Ang Li and coworkers at Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry and Emmanuel A. Theodorakis Collections Blogs Multimedia Jobs *Most Viewed in the last 7 days Anticancer Prospect Made From Scratch | June News Departments Collections Blogs Multimedia Jobs Subscribe Advertise Contact Join ACS About Advanced

  6. Supplementary Material1 Characterization of Organic Aerosol Produced during2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    mass spectra of a dominant type (coal) of ambient aerosol in Shanghai using2 ATOFMS (m/z from 1501 Supplementary Material1 Characterization of Organic Aerosol Produced during2 Pulverized Coal diagram of combustion process of a single coal particle5 6 #12;3 10 100 10 3 10 4 10 5 Oxygen/coal ratio

  7. 66 Int. J. Power Electronics, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2014 Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    . A control method to improve the efficiency of a soft- switching non-isolated bidirectional DC-DC converter the feasibility of the proposed control method. Keywords: maximum efficiency; HESS; hybrid energy storage system Tong University, Shanghai, China Email: clyin1965@sjtu.edu.cn Abstract: Hybrid energy storage system

  8. Karlsruhe Dialogues 2015 Global DemocraCITIES: Between Triumph and Decline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Oliver

    by Delhi with 25 million, Shanghai with 23, and Mexico City, Mumbai, and Săo Paulo, each with some 21 direct impacts on the development of cities. The reverse is also the case: the success or failure to develop social media is simultaneously a prerequisite for a globally networked civil society. And we know

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable development in Shanghai Wenze-Verlag 2012 Abstract Studies of urbanization effects in Chinese cities from the aspect of the coupled urban expansion and examined the dynamic relationship between economic growth and envi- ronment

  10. All-optical switching characteristics in bacteriorhodopsin and its applications in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    All-optical switching characteristics in bacteriorhodopsin and its applications in integrated optics Yuhua Huang,1,2 Shin-Tson Wu1 and Youyuan Zhao3 1 School of Optics/CREOL, University of Central, 200062, China 3 Department of Optics & Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, China swu

  11. The Florida A&M University -Florida State University College of Engineering offers a 24-credit Special

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    a Master of Science in Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Program without the need to take additional Special Academic Program in Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering for The University of Shanghai & Manufacturing Engineering program at FSU will take the GRE during the spring semester and apply for fall

  12. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 88, 045427 (2013) Stability and electronic structure of Cu2ZnSnS4 surfaces: First-principles study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    2013-01-01

    ), East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China 3 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, there are many more types of possible lattice defects in quaternary CZTS.9­11 Similar to the defect properties on their photovoltaic performance is crucial. Although the CZTS and CZTSe based solar cells have achieved an energy

  13. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1044910459, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/10449/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of such high concentrations of iso- prene on the ozone production in the city of Shanghai. The evaluation. Because the concentrations of NOx were low in the forest regions, the ozone production due suggests that the oxidation of isoprene leads to the en- hancement of carbonyls (such as formaldehyde

  14. SEMINAR ANNOUNCEMENT 4 PM Thursday, May 3, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China As a powerful method to prepare nanomaterials, Polymer Science, Materials Science and Life Sciences. The preparation, engineering, and applications-oriented Chemical Engineering in the School of Chemical Engineering at the East China University of Science

  15. Dynamic Interfacial Tension Between a Thermotropic Liquid-Crystalline Polymer and a Flexible Polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, James J.

    289, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China 2 Department of Polymer Polymer Ruobing Yu,1,2 Wei Yu,2 Chixing Zhou,2 J. J. Feng3,4 1 School of Materials Science and EngineeringDynamic Interfacial Tension Between a Thermotropic Liquid-Crystalline Polymer and a Flexible

  16. ORIGINAL PAPER Synthesis and solution properties of novel comb-shaped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China 123 Polym. Bull. DOI 10.1007/s00289-010-0360-4 #12 in polymer flooding, and its application in oil fields has become an important technology for enhanced oil-shaped polymer Á Solution properties Á Heat- and salt-resistance C. Zhou (&) Á W. Yang Á W. Zhou Á Y. Xia

  17. Urban Geography, 2008, 29, 7, pp. 639661. DOI: 10.2747/0272-3638.29.7.639 Copyright 2008 by Bellwether Publishing, Ltd. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    639 Urban Geography, 2008, 29, 7, pp. 639­661. DOI: 10.2747/0272-3638.29.7.639 Copyright © 2008 and College of Resources and Environment East China Normal University Shanghai, China and Department of Geography and Institute of Public and International Affairs University of Utah Chi Kin Leung Department

  18. An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers Nathaniel Rothman,1 and Anti-Epidemic Center, Shanghai, China Benzene is a recognized hematotoxin and leukemogen, but its a cross-sectional study of 44 healthy workers currently exposed to benzene (median 8-hr time

  19. Manipulation of the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Li-Gang; Qamar, Sajid; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2008-01-01

    of the Raman process via incoherent pump, tunable intensity, and phase control Li-Gang Wang,1,2,3 Sajid Qamar,1 Shi-Yao Zhu,1,2,3 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,4,5 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2...Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China 3Department of Physics, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China 4Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77845, USA 5...

  20. International potential of IGCC technology for use in reducing global warming and climate change emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lau, F.S.

    1996-12-31

    High efficiency advanced coal-based technologies such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) that can assist in reducing CO{sub 2} emissions which contribute to Global Warming and Climate Change are becoming commercially available. U-GAS is an advanced gasification technology that can be used in many applications to convert coal in a high efficiency manner that will reduce the total amount of CO{sub 2} produced by requiring less coal-based fuel per unit of energy output. This paper will focus on the status of the installation and performance of the IGT U-GAS gasifiers which were installed at the Shanghai Cooking and Chemical Plant General located in Shanghai, China. Its use in future IGCC project for the production of power and the benefits of IGCC in reducing CO{sub 2} emissions through its high efficiency operation will be discussed.

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLE High-coverage proteome analysis reveals the first insight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Weidong

    Nie1 , Xiao Chang1 , Bao-Yu Hu3 , Quan-Hu Sheng1 , Lian-Shui Wang1 , Zhi-Bin Ning1 , Yi-Xue Li1 , Xiao-Kui Guo3 , Guo-Ping Zhao4 , Rong Zeng1 1 Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, Institute of Biochemistry Tech Park, Shanghai 201203, China Correspondence: Rong Zenga , Guo-Ping Zhaob a E-mail: zr@sibs.ac.cn b

  2. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  3. Heat transfer and friction in a square channel with one-wall or two-wall rib turbulators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jie Joy

    1991-01-01

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering HEAT TRANSFER AND FRICTION IN A SQUARE CHANNEI WITH ONE-WAIL OR TWO-WALL RIB TURBULATORS A Thesis by JIE JOY HUANG Approved as to style snd content by: J. C. Han (Chair.... , Shanghai Institute of Mechanical Engineering Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. C, Han This experimental program studies the effect of the wall heat flux ratio on the local heat transfer distributions and pressure drop in a square channel...

  4. Quantum spatial-periodic harmonic model for daily price-limited stock markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Xiangyi; Xu, Jingjing; Guo, Hong

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the behavior of stocks in daily price-limited stock markets by purposing a quantum spatial-periodic harmonic model. The stock price is presumed to oscillate and damp in a quantum spatial-periodic harmonic oscillator potential well. Complicated non-linear relations including inter-band positive correlation and intra-band negative correlation between the volatility and the trading volume of stocks are derived by considering the energy band structure of the model. The validity of price limitation is then examined and abnormal phenomena of a price-limited stock market (Shanghai Stock Exchange) of China are studied by applying our quantum model.

  5. High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xue Chaofan; Wang Yong; Guo Zhi; Wu Yanqing; Zhen Xiangjun; Chen Min; Chen Jiahua; Xue Song; Tai Renzhong; Peng Zhongqi; Lu Qipeng

    2010-10-15

    The Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) is the first third-generation synchrotron facility in China and operated at an electron energy of 3.5 GeV. One of the seven beamlines in the first construction phase is devoted to soft x-ray spectromicroscopy and is equipped with an elliptically polarized undulator light source, a plane grating monochromator, and a scanning transmission x-ray microscope end station. Initial results reveal the high performance of this beamline, with an energy resolving power estimated to be over 10 000 at the argon L-edge and a spatial resolution better than 30 nm.

  6. Quantum Brownian motion model for stock markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Xiangyi; Guo, Hong

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the relevance between quantum open systems and stock markets. A Quantum Brownian motion model is proposed for studying the interaction between the Brownian system and the reservoir, i.e., the stock index and the entire stock market. Based on the model, we investigate the Shanghai Stock Exchange of China from perspective of quantum statistics, and thereby examine the behaviors of the stock index violating the efficient market hypothesis, such as fat-tail phenomena and non-Markovian features. Our interdisciplinary works thus help to discovery the underlying quantum characteristics of stock markets and develop new research fields of econophysics.

  7. Single-shot measurement of free-electron laser polarization at SDUV-FEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Lie; Zhang, Tong; Feng, Chao; Chen, Jianhui; Wang, Xingtao; Lan, Taihe; Shen, Lei; Zhang, Wenyan; Yao, Haifeng; Liu, Xiaoqing; Liu, Bo; Wang, Dong

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a division-of-amplitude photopolarimeter (DOAP) for measuring the polarization state of free-electron laser (FEL) pulse is described. The incident FEL beam is divided into four separate beams, and four Stokes parameters can be measured in a single-shot. In the crossed-planar undulators experiment at Shanghai deep ultraviolet FEL test facility, this DOAP instrument constructed in house responses accurately and timely while the polarization-state of fully coherent FEL pulses are switched, which is helpful for confirming the crossed-planar undulators technique for short-wavelength FELs.

  8. Palcan China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcan China Place: Shanghai,

  9. Palcan s JV with four Chinese Companies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcan China Place: Shanghai,JV

  10. Improving Energy Efficiency of Compressed Air System Based onSystem Audit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanghai, Hongbo Qin; McKane, Aimee

    2007-06-01

    Industrial electric motor systems consume more than 600billion kWh annually, accounting for more than 50 percent of China selectricity use. The International Energy Agency estimates thatoptimizing motor systems results in an improvement of 20-25 percent,which is well-supported by experience in both the U.S. and China.Compressed air systems in China use 9.4 percent of all electricity.Compressed air use in China is growing rapidly, as new industrial plantsare built and the production processes of existing plants expand andchange. Most of these systems, whether existing or new, are not optimizedfor energy efficiency. This paper will present a practitioner'sperspective on theemergence of compressed air auditing services inChina, specifically as it pertains to Shanghai and surrounding areas.Both the methodology used and the market development of these compressedair system services will be addressed. Finally, the potential for energysaving opportunities will be described based on highlights from over 50compressed air system energy audits completed by Shanghai EnergyConservation Service Center, both during the United Nations IndustrialDevelopment Organization (UNIDO) China Motor System Energy ConservationProgram, and after this training program was completed.

  11. CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

    1998-11-01

    As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

  12. Field Experience with 3-Sun Mirror Module Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fraas, Dr. Lewis; Avery, James E.; Huang, H,; Minkin, Leonid M; Fraas, J. X.; Maxey, L Curt; Gehl, Anthony C

    2008-01-01

    JX Crystals 3-sun PV mirror modules have now been operating in four separate systems in the field for up to 2 years. Two post-mounted 2-axis tracking arrays of 12 modules each were installed at the Shanghai Flower Park in April of 2006. Then 672 modules were installed in a 100 kW array on N-S horizontal beam trackers at the Shanghai Flower Port in November of 2006. Finally, sets of 4 modules were installed on azimuth-tracking carousels on buildings at the Oak Ridge National Lab and at the U. of Nevada in Las Vegas in late 2007. All of these modules in each of these systems are still operating at their initial power ratings. No degradation in performance has been observed. The benefit of these 3-sun PV mirror modules is that they use 1/3 of the silicon single-crystal cell material in comparison to traditional planar modules. Since aluminum mirrors are much cheaper than high-purity single-crystal silicon-cells, these modules and systems should be much lower in cost when manufactured in high volume.

  13. Number and Location of Positive Nodes, Postoperative Radiotherapy, and Survival After Esophagectomy With Three-Field Lymph Node Dissection for Thoracic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Junqiang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Pan Jianji, E-mail: panjianji@126.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Zheng Xiongwei [Department of Pathology, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Zhu Kunshou [Department of Surgery, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Li Jiancheng; Chen Mingqiang; Wang Jiezhong [Department of Radiation Oncology, the Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Liao Zhongxing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To analyze influences of the number and location of positive lymph nodes and postoperative radiotherapy on survival for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TE-SCC) treated with radical esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy. Methods and Materials: A total of 945 patients underwent radical esophagectomy plus three-field lymph node dissection for node-positive TE-SCC at Fujian Provincial Tumor Hospital between January 1993 and March 2007. Five hundred ninety patients received surgery only (S group), and 355 patients received surgery, followed 3 to 4 weeks later by postoperative radiotherapy (S+R group) to a median total dose of 50 Gy in 25 fractions. We assessed potential associations among patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors and overall survival. Results: Five-year overall survival rates were 32.8% for the entire group, 29.6% for the S group, and 38.0% for the S+R group (p = 0.001 for S vs. S+R). Treatment with postoperative radiotherapy was particularly beneficial for patients with {>=}3 positive nodes and for those with metastasis in the upper (supraclavicular and upper mediastinal) region or both the upper and lower (mediastinal and abdominal) regions (p < 0.05). Postoperative radiotherapy was also associated with lower recurrence rates in the supraclavicular and upper and middle mediastinal regions (p < 0.05). Sex, primary tumor length, number of positive nodes, pathological T category, and postoperative radiotherapy were all independent predictors of survival. Conclusions: Postoperative radiotherapy was associated with better survival for patients with node-positive TE-SCC, particularly those with three or more positive nodes and positive nodes in the supraclavicular and superior mediastinal regions.

  14. Designs of SSRF Insertion Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Q. G.; Chen, N.; Zhang, M.; Li, Y.; Su, W. L.

    2007-01-19

    Five IDs will be built for the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). Two identical mini-gap undulators with the period length 25mm and the minimum gap 6mm will use the in-vacuum technology and can operate in tapered mode. Two wigglers with the period lengths 7.9cm and 14cm and the same minimum gap 14mm will produce the peak fields of 1.2T and 1.94T. A variable polarization undulator of the APPLE-II type with 4.2m long and the period length 10cm can provide linearly, circularly and elliptically polarized radiation in a wide spectral range. This paper describes the magnet designs and the mechanical structure designs of these IDs.

  15. Civil Engineering Feasibility Studies for Future Ring Colliders at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruning, O; Myers, S; Osborne, J; Rossi, L; Waaijer, C; Zimmermann, F

    2013-01-01

    CERN civil engineers are studying the feasibility of several potential ring colliders to complement the LHC: an 80km circular tunnel to house the TLEP and VHE-LHC, and the ring-ring and linac-ring options for the LHeC. The feasibility of these projects is largely dependent on civil design and geotechnical and environmental risks. As civil infrastructure works typically represent one third of the cost of major physics projects, it is critical that the construction costs are well understood from the conceptual stage. This proceeding presents the first results of the feasibility studies for the 80km tunnel and the linac-ring LHeC. Presented at IPAC'13 Shanghai, 12-17 May 2013

  16. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  17. TOF Spectroscopy measurement with waveform Digitizer at TMSR Photoneutron Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Longxiang; Ma, Yugang; Cao, Xiguang; Cai, Xiangzhou; Chen, Jingen; Zhang, Guilin; Han, Jianlong; Zhang, Guogiang; Hu, Jifeng; Wang, Xiaohe

    2015-01-01

    The Photo-Neutron Source(PNS,phase 1), is an electron linear accelerator (linac) based pulsed neutron facility, combined with TOF technique, was constructed for nuclear data measurement of Thorium Molten Salt Reactor(TMSR) in Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics(SINAP) at JiaDing campus. The TOF detector signal, with the arrive time, pulse shape and pulse hight information, was recorded by a waveform digitizer. Through the pulse-shape discrimination(PSD) between neutrons and gamma-rays and time of Gamma Flash and Neutron signal analyse, the neutron TOF spectrum was deduced with this simple electronics design, and a new DAQ system based on waveform digitizer was used in this test experiment.

  18. TOF spectroscopy measurement using waveform digitizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longxiang Liu; Hongwei Wang; Yugang Ma; Xiguang Cao; Xiangzhou Cai; Jingen Chen; Guilin Zhang; Jianlong Han; Guogiang Zhang; Jifeng Hu; Xiaohe Wang

    2015-09-17

    The photoneutron source (PNS, phase 1), an electron linear accelerator (linac)-based pulsed neutron facility that uses the time-of-flight (TOF) technique, was constructed for the acquisition of nuclear data from the thorium molten salt reactor(TMSR) at the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP). The neutron detector signal, with the information on the pulse arrival time, pulse shape, and pulse height, was recorded by using a waveform digitizer (WFD). By using the pulse height and pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) analysis to identify neutrons and $\\gamma$-rays, the neutron TOF spectrum was obtained by employing a simple electronic design, and a new WFD-based DAQ system was developed and tested in this commissioning experiment. The developed DAQ system is characterized by a very high efficiency with respect to millisecond neutron TOF spectroscopy

  19. High quality single shot ultrafast MeV electron diffraction from a photocathode radio-frequency gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Feichao; Liu, Shengguang; Zhu, Pengfei; Xiang, Dao Zhang, Jie; Cao, Jianming

    2014-08-15

    A compact ultrafast electron diffractometer, consisting of an s-band 1.6 cell photocathode radio-frequency gun, a multi-function changeable sample chamber, and a sensitive relativistic electron detector, was built at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. High-quality single-shot transmission electron diffraction patterns have been recorded by scattering 2.5?MeV electrons off single crystalline gold and polycrystalline aluminum samples. The high quality diffraction pattern indicates an excellent spatial resolution, with the ratio of the diffraction ring radius over the ring rms width beyond 10. The electron pulse width is estimated to be about 300 fs. The high temporal and spatial resolution may open new opportunities in various areas of sciences.

  20. Beam based calibration of X-ray pinhole camera in SSRF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Bin Leng; Guo-Qing Huang; Man-Zhou Zhang; Zhi-Chu Chen; Jie Chen; Kai-Rong Ye

    2011-03-25

    The Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) contains a 3.5-GeV storage ring serving as a national X-ray synchrotron radiation user facility characterized by a low emittance and a low coupling. The stability and quality of the electron beams are monitored continuously by an array of diagnostics. In particular, an X-ray pinhole camera is employed in the diagnostics beamline of the ring to characterize the position, size, and emittance of the beam. The performance of the measurement of the transverse electron beam size is given by the width of the point spread function (PSF) of the X-ray pinhole camera. Typically the point spread function of the X-ray pinhole camera is calculated via analytical or numerical method. In this paper we will introduce a new beam based calibration method to derive the width of the PSF online.

  1. Tungsten spectroscopy in the EUV observed in SH-HtscEBIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wenxian; Yang, Yang; Xiao, Jun; Brage, Tomas; Hutton, Roger; Zou, Yaming

    2015-01-01

    We have recorded extreme ultraviolet spectra from $\\mathrm{W^{11+}}$ to $\\mathrm{W^{15+}}$ ions using a new flat field spectrometer installed at the Shanghai high temperature superconducting electron beam ion trap. The spectra were recorded at beam energies ranging between 200 eV and 400 eV and showed spectral lines/transition arrays in the 170 - 260 \\AA{} region. The charge states and spectra transitions were identified by comparison with calculations using a detailed relativistic configuration interaction method and collisional-radiative model, both incorporated in the Flexible Atomic Code. Atomic structure calculations showed that the dominant emission arises from $5d$ $\\rightarrow$ $5p$ and $5p$ $\\rightarrow$ $5s$ transitions. The work also identified the ground-state configuration of $W^{13+}$ as $4f^{13}5s^2$, in contrast to earlier identifications.

  2. Application of Real-time Digitization Technique in Beam Measurement for Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lei Zhao; Linsong Zhan; Xingshun Gao; Shubin Liu; Qi An

    2015-06-30

    Beam measurement is very important for accelerators. With the development of analog-to-digital conversion techniques, digital beam measurement becomes a research hot spot. IQ (In-phase & Quadrature-phase) analysis based method is an important beam measurement approach, the principle of which is presented and discussed in this paper. The State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics in University of Science and Technology of China has devoted efforts to the research of digital beam measurement based on high-speed high-resolution analog-to-digital conversion, and a series of beam measurement instruments were designed for China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS), Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF), and Accelerator Driven Sub-critical system (ADS).

  3. Application of Real-time Digitization Technique in Beam Measurement for Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Lei; Gao, Xingshun; Liu, Shubin; An, Qi

    2015-01-01

    Beam measurement is very important for accelerators. With the development of analog-to-digital conversion techniques, digital beam measurement becomes a research hot spot. IQ (In-phase & Quadrature-phase) analysis based method is an important beam measurement approach, the principle of which is presented and discussed in this paper. The State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics in University of Science and Technology of China has devoted efforts to the research of digital beam measurement based on high-speed high-resolution analog-to-digital conversion, and a series of beam measurement instruments were designed for China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS), Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF), and Accelerator Driven Sub-critical system (ADS).

  4. SPEC application for achieving inelastic X-ray scattering experiment in the SSRF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Xuying; Liang, Dongxu; Yan, Shuai; Mao, Chengwen; Li, Aiguo; Wang, Jie

    2015-01-01

    In order to carry out inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiment at BL15U1 beamline of Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF), the data acquisition and control system based on SPEC software has been developed. The IXS experimental method needs linkage control of monochromator, silicon drift detector (SDD) and ionization chamber on continuous segment-scan mode with variable step size, and gains the data of energy, spectrum and light intensity synchronously. A method is presented for achieving this function which was not realized only by using SSCAN of Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS). This paper shows work details including control system description, SPEC configurations for EPICS devices, macro definitions and applications in the BL15U1. An IXS experiment was executed by using the SPEC control system, its results prove that the method is feasible to perform the experiment.

  5. Mass flow rate measurements in gas-liquid flows by means of a venturi or orifice plate coupled to a void fraction sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Jorge Luiz Goes; Passos, Julio Cesar [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica-LEPTEN/Boiling-UFSC, Campus Universitario, Trindade, 88.040-900 Florianopolis-SC (Brazil); Verschaeren, Ruud; Geld, Cees van der [Eindhoven University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, W-hoog 2.135, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2009-01-15

    Two-phase flow measurements were carried out using a resistive void fraction meter coupled to a venturi or orifice plate. The measurement system used to estimate the liquid and gas mass flow rates was evaluated using an air-water experimental facility. Experiments included upward vertical and horizontal flow, annular, bubbly, churn and slug patterns, void fraction ranging from 2% to 85%, water flow rate up to 4000 kg/h, air flow rate up to 50 kg/h, and quality up to almost 10%. The fractional root mean square (RMS) deviation of the two-phase mass flow rate in upward vertical flow through a venturi plate is 6.8% using the correlation of Chisholm (D. Chisholm, Pressure gradients during the flow of incompressible two-phase mixtures through pipes, venturis and orifice plates, British Chemical Engineering 12 (9) (1967) 454-457). For the orifice plate, the RMS deviation of the vertical flow is 5.5% using the correlation of Zhang et al. (H.J. Zhang, W.T. Yue, Z.Y. Huang, Investigation of oil-air two-phase mass flow rate measurement using venturi and void fraction sensor, Journal of Zhejiang University Science 6A (6) (2005) 601-606). The results show that the flow direction has no significant influence on the meters in relation to the pressure drop in the experimental operation range. Quality and slip ratio analyses were also performed. The results show a mean slip ratio lower than 1.1, when bubbly and slug flow patterns are encountered for mean void fractions lower than 70%. (author)

  6. A Radar-like Iron based Nanohybrid as an Efficient and Stable Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhong, X. Y.; Liu, Lin; Wang, Xinde; Yu, Huiyou; Zhuang, Guilin; Mei, Donghai; Li, Xiaonian; Wang, Jian-guo

    2014-05-21

    The present study shows a design concept for fabricating Fe-PyNG hybrid via strong coupling between FePc and pyridine-N. The prominent features of the Fe-PyNG hybrid include high electrocatalytic activity, superior durability, and better performance than Pt/C toward ORR in alkaline media. These features potentially make Fe-PyNG an outstanding nonprecious metal cathode catalyst for fuel cells. The incorporation of Fe ion and pyridine-N afforded effective bonding and synergetic coupling effects, which lead to significant electrocatalytic performance. DFT calculations indicate that N-modified Fe is a superior site for OOH adsorption and ORR reaction. Meanwhile, the strong chemical bonding between FePc and pyridyne in PyNG leads to its superior stability. We believe that our present synthetic strategy can be further extended to develop other metal complexes/N-doped carbon materials for broad applications in the field of catalysts, batteries, and supercapacitors. This work was supported by National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (2013CB733501), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC-21306169, 21176221, 21136001 and 21101137), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (ZJNSF-R4110345) and the New Century Excellent Talents in University Program (NCET-10-0979). We thank Prof. Youqun Zhu for Instruments support. D. Mei is supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. Computing time was granted by the grand challenge of computational catalysis of the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL). EMSL is a national scientific user facility located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and sponsored by DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research.

  7. Probe into Gaseous Pollution and Assessment of Air Quality Benefit under Sector Dependent Emission Control Strategies over Megacities in Yangtze River Delta, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Xinyi; Gao, Yang; Fu, Joshua S.; Li, Juan; Huang, Kan; Zhuang, G.; Zhou, Ying

    2013-11-01

    On February 29th 2012, China published its new National Ambient Air Quality Standard (CH-NAAQS) aiming at revising the standards and measurements for both gaseous pollutants including ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and sulfur dioxide (SO2), and also particle pollutants including PM10 and PM2.5. In order to understand the air pollution status regarding this new standard, the integrated MM5/CMAQ modeling system was applied over Yangtze River Delta (YRD) within this study to examine the criteria gaseous pollutants listed in the new CH-NAAQS. Sensitivity simulations were also conducted to assess the responses of gaseous pollutants under 8 different sector-dependent emission reduction scenarios in order to evaluate the potential control strategies. 2006 was selected as the simulation year in order to review the air quality condition at the beginning of China’s 11th Five-Year-Plan (FYP, from 2006 to 2010), and also compared with air quality status in 2010 as the end of 11th FYP to probe into the effectiveness of the national emission control efforts. Base case simulation showed distinct seasonal variation for gaseous pollutants: SO2, and NO2 were found to have higher surface concentrations in winter while O3 was found to have higher concentrations in spring and summer than other seasons. According to the analyses focused on 3 megacities within YRD, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Hangzhou, we found different air quality conditions among the cities: NO2 was the primary pollutant that having the largest number of days exceeding the CH-NAAQS daily standard (80 ?g/m3) in Shanghai (59 days) and Nanjing (27 days); SO2 was the primary pollutant with maximum number of days exceeding daily air quality standard (150 ?g/m3) in Hangzhou (28 days), while O3 exceeding the daily maximum 8-hour standard (160 ?g/m3) for relatively fewer days in all the three cities (9 days in Shanghai, 14 days in Nanjing, and 11 days in Hangzhou). Simulation results from predefined potential applicable emission control scenarios suggested significant air quality improvements from emission reduction: 90% of SO2 emission removed from power plant in YRD would be able to reduce more than 85% of SO2 pollution, 85% NOx emission reduction from power plant would reduce more than 60% of NO2 pollution, in terms of reducing the number of days exceeding daily air quality standard. NOx emission reduction from transportation and industry were also found to effectively reduce NO2 pollution but less efficient than emission control from power plants. We also found that multi-pollutants emission control including both NOx and VOC would be a better strategy than independent NOx control over YRD which is China’s 12th Five-Year-Plan (from 2011 to 2015), because O3 pollution would be increased as a side effect of NOx control and counteract NO2 pollution reduction benefit.

  8. Origins of PM10 determined by the micro-proton induced X-ray emission spectra of single aerosol particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yue, W.S.; Li, X.L.; Wan, T.M.; Liu, J.F.; Zhang, G.L.; Li, Y. [Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai (China). Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics

    2006-06-15

    The micro-proton induced X-ray emission (micro-PIXE) spectrum of a single aerosol particle (SAP) was considered as its fingerprint for tracing its origin. A proton microprobe was used to extract fingerprints of SAPs. Environmental monitoring samples of PM10 were collected from a heavy industrial area of Shanghai and were analyzed by proton microprobe for finding their pollution sources. In order to find the sources of SAPs collected from environmental monitoring sites, a fingerprint database of SAPS collected from various pollution Sources was established. The origins of samples collected through environmental monitoring were identified by comparison of the micro-PIXE spectra of SAPs with those of SAPs in the fingerprint database using a pattern recognition technique. The results of this study show that most of the measured PM10 is derived from metallurgic industry, soil dust, coal combustion, automobile exhaust, and motorcycle exhaust. The study also shows that the proton microprobe is an ideal tool for the analysis of SAPs. The unidentified particles of PM10 are classified into seven classes by hierarchical cluster analysis based on the element peak intensity in the spectra.

  9. A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

    2013-06-06

    Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

  10. Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory Annual Report 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamza, A V

    2008-04-07

    The Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory's (NSCL) primary mission is to create and advance interdisciplinary research and development opportunities in nanoscience and technology. The NSCL is delivering on its mission providing Laboratory programs with scientific solutions through the use of nanoscale synthesis and characterization. While this annual report summarizes 2007 activities, we have focused on nanoporous materials, advanced high strength, nanostructured metals, novel 3-dimensional lithography and characterization at the nanoscale for the past 3 years. In these three years we have synthesized the first monolithic nanoporous metal foams with less than 10% relative density; we have produced ultrasmooth nanocrystalline diamond inertial confinement fusion capsules; we have synthesized 3-dimensional graded density structures from full density to 5% relative density using nanolithography; and we have established ultrasmall angle x-ray scattering as a non-destructive tool to determine the structure on the sub 300nm scale. The NSCL also has a mission to recruit and to train personnel for Lab programs. The NSCL continues to attract talented scientists to the Laboratory. Andrew Detor from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sutapa Ghosal from the University of California, Irvine, Xiang Ying Wang from Shanghai Institute of Technology, and Arne Wittstock from University of Bremen joined the NSCL this year. The NSCL is pursuing four science and technology themes: nanoporous materials, advanced nanocrystalline materials, novel three-dimensional nanofabrication technologies, and nondestructive characterization at the mesoscale. The NSCL is also pursuing building new facilities for science and technology such as nanorobotics and atomic layer deposition.

  11. Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peak-demand Mitigation: A Solution in Developing and Developed World Alike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeForest, Nicholas; Mendes, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Feng, Wei; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris

    2013-06-02

    In much of the developed world, air-conditioning in buildings is the dominant driver of summer peak electricity demand. In the developing world a steadily increasing utilization of air-conditioning places additional strain on already-congested grids. This common thread represents a large and growing threat to the reliable delivery of electricity around the world, requiring capital-intensive expansion of capacity and draining available investment resources. Thermal energy storage (TES), in the form of ice or chilled water, may be one of the few technologies currently capable of mitigating this problem cost effectively and at scale. The installation of TES capacity allows a building to meet its on-peak air conditioning load without interruption using electricity purchased off-peak and operating with improved thermodynamic efficiency. In this way, TES has the potential to fundamentally alter consumption dynamics and reduce impacts of air conditioning. This investigation presents a simulation study of a large office building in four distinct geographical contexts: Miami, Lisbon, Shanghai, and Mumbai. The optimization tool DER-CAM (Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model) is applied to optimally size TES systems for each location. Summer load profiles are investigated to assess the effectiveness and consistency in reducing peak electricity demand. Additionally, annual energy requirements are used to determine system cost feasibility, payback periods and customer savings under local utility tariffs.

  12. Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeForest, Nicolas; Mendes, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Feng, Wei; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris

    2014-04-15

    This paper presents an investigation of the economic benefit of thermal energy storage (TES) for cooling, across a range of economic and climate conditions. Chilled water TES systems are simulated for a large office building in four distinct locations, Miami in the U.S.; Lisbon, Portugal; Shanghai, China; and Mumbai, India. Optimal system size and operating schedules are determined using the optimization model DER-CAM, such that total cost, including electricity and amortized capital costs are minimized. The economic impacts of each optimized TES system is then compared to systems sized using a simple heuristic method, which bases system size as fraction (50percent and 100percent) of total on-peak summer cooling loads. Results indicate that TES systems of all sizes can be effective in reducing annual electricity costs (5percent-15percent) and peak electricity consumption (13percent-33percent). The investigation also indentifies a number of criteria which drive TES investment, including low capital costs, electricity tariffs with high power demand charges and prolonged cooling seasons. In locations where these drivers clearly exist, the heuristically sized systems capture much of the value of optimally sized systems; between 60percent and 100percent in terms of net present value. However, in instances where these drivers are less pronounced, the heuristic tends to oversize systems, and optimization becomes crucial to ensure economically beneficial deployment of TES, increasing the net present value of heuristically sized systems by as much as 10 times in some instances.

  13. Simulation studies for operating electron beam ion trap at very low energy for disentangling edge plasma spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin Xuelong; Fei Zejie; Xiao Jun; Lu Di; Hutton, Roger; Zou Yaming [Key Lab of Applied Ion Beam Physics, Ministry of Education, China and Shanghai EBIT laboratory, Modern Physics Institute, Fudan University, Shanghai (China)

    2012-07-15

    Electron beam ion traps (EBITs) are very useful tools for disentanglement studies of atomic processes in plasmas. In order to assist studies on edge plasma spectroscopic diagnostics, a very low energy EBIT, SH-PermEBIT, has been set up at the Shanghai EBIT lab. In this work, simulation studies for factors which hinder an EBIT to operate at very low electron energies were made based on the Tricomp (Field Precision) codes. Longitudinal, transversal, and total kinetic energy distributions were analyzed for all the electron trajectories. Influences from the electron current and electron energy on the energy depression caused by the space charge are discussed. The simulation results show that although the energy depression is most serious along the center of the electron beam, the electrons in the outer part of the beam are more likely to be lost when an EBIT is running at very low energy. Using the simulation results to guide us, we successfully managed to reach the minimum electron beam energy of 60 eV with a beam transmission above 57% for the SH-PermEBIT. Ar and W spectra were measured from the SH-PermEBIT at the apparent electron beam energies (read from the voltage difference between the electron gun cathode and the central drift tube) of 60 eV and 1200 eV, respectively. The spectra are shown in this paper.

  14. Assessment of health-care waste disposal methods using a VIKOR-based fuzzy multi-criteria decision making method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Hu-Chen [School of Management, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 (China); Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan); Wu, Jing [Department of Public Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Li, Ping, E-mail: yiwuchulp@126.com [Shanghai Pudong New Area Zhoupu Hospital, No. 135 Guanyue Road, Shanghai 201318 (China); East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, No. 150 Jimo Road, Shanghai 200120 (China)

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • Propose a VIKOR-based fuzzy MCDM technique for evaluating HCW disposal methods. • Linguistic variables are used to assess the ratings and weights for the criteria. • The OWA operator is utilized to aggregate individual opinions of decision makers. • A case study is given to illustrate the procedure of the proposed framework. - Abstract: Nowadays selection of the appropriate treatment method in health-care waste (HCW) management has become a challenge task for the municipal authorities especially in developing countries. Assessment of HCW disposal alternatives can be regarded as a complicated multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem which requires consideration of multiple alternative solutions and conflicting tangible and intangible criteria. The objective of this paper is to present a new MCDM technique based on fuzzy set theory and VIKOR method for evaluating HCW disposal methods. Linguistic variables are used by decision makers to assess the ratings and weights for the established criteria. The ordered weighted averaging (OWA) operator is utilized to aggregate individual opinions of decision makers into a group assessment. The computational procedure of the proposed framework is illustrated through a case study in Shanghai, one of the largest cities of China. The HCW treatment alternatives considered in this study include “incineration”, “steam sterilization”, “microwave” and “landfill”. The results obtained using the proposed approach are analyzed in a comparative way.

  15. Developments in lithium-ion battery technology in the Peoples Republic of China.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patil, P. G.; Energy Systems

    2008-02-28

    Argonne National Laboratory prepared this report, under the sponsorship of the Office of Vehicle Technologies (OVT) of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, for the Vehicles Technologies Team. The information in the report is based on the author's visit to Beijing; Tianjin; and Shanghai, China, to meet with representatives from several organizations (listed in Appendix A) developing and manufacturing lithium-ion battery technology for cell phones and electronics, electric bikes, and electric and hybrid vehicle applications. The purpose of the visit was to assess the status of lithium-ion battery technology in China and to determine if lithium-ion batteries produced in China are available for benchmarking in the United States. With benchmarking, DOE and the U.S. battery development industry would be able to understand the status of the battery technology, which would enable the industry to formulate a long-term research and development program. This report also describes the state of lithium-ion battery technology in the United States, provides information on joint ventures, and includes information on government incentives and policies in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC).

  16. The AP1000{sup R} China projects move forward to construction completion and equipment installation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrop, G. [Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, 1000 Westinghouse Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The AP1000 design is the only Generation III+ technology to receive design certification from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This evolutionary design provides the highest safety and performance standards and has several distinct advantages over other designs, including improved operations and reduced construction schedule risks through the use of modern, modular, engineering principles that allow construction and fabrication tasks traditionally performed in sequence to be undertaken in parallel. Since the first granting of Design Certification in 2005 by the NRC, the AP1000 design has been modified to meet emergent NRC requirements such as those requiring the design to withstand the impact of an aircraft crash. Both domestic and foreign utilities have turned to the Westinghouse AP1000 plant design to meet their near - and long-term sustainable energy needs. The first ever deployment of this advanced U.S. nuclear power technology began in China in 2007 with the award of a contract to build four AP1000 units, constructed in pairs at the coastal sites of Sanmen (Zhejiang Province) and Haiyang (Shandong Province). Currently, all four units are at an advanced stage of construction. The commercial operation date for Sanmen Unit 1 is November 2013 followed by Haiyang Unit 1 being operational in May 2014. Construction and equipment manufacture is at an advanced stage. Sanmen Unit 1 equipment that has been delivered includes the reactor vessel, the reactor vessel closure head, the passive residual heat removal heat exchanger, the integrated head package, the polar crane, and the refueling machine. The steam generators are also completed. The RV was installed within the containment vessel building in September 2011. The installation of this major equipment will allow the setting of the containment vessel top head. Haiyang Unit 1 is also achieving significant progress. Significant benefits continue to be realized as a result of lessons learned and experience gained from the first-of-a-kind activities for Sanmen Unit 1 and AP1000 equipment design and manufacturing. For example, the nuclear island basemat at Haiyang Units 1 and 2 and Sanmen Unit 2 was laid in less time than that of Sanmen Unit 1, the ultra-large steam generator and RV forging lead times were reduced for the follow on units, and the fabrication of the auxiliary building module for Haiyang Unit 1 took less time than for the Sanmen first unit. These benefits are also being realized by the United States AP1000 project construction and fabrication modules, and equipment. Some difficulties arise from building this first-of-a-kind (advanced passive) type of plant; however, these difficulties are being overcome and the overall schedule remains achievable. (authors)

  17. Assessment of the Potential to Achieve very Low Energy Use in Public Buildings in China with Advanced Window and Shading Systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Eleanor; Pang, Xiufeng; McNeil, Andrew; Hoffmann, Sabine; Thanachareonkit, Anothai; Li, Zhengrong; Ding, Yong

    2015-05-29

    As rapid growth in the construction industry continues to occur in China, the increased demand for a higher standard living is driving significant growth in energy use and demand across the country. Building codes and standards have been implemented to head off this trend, tightening prescriptive requirements for fenestration component measures using methods similar to the U.S. model energy code American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 90.1. The objective of this study is to (a) provide an overview of applicable code requirements and current efforts within China to enable characterization and comparison of window and shading products,more »and (b) quantify the load reduction and energy savings potential of several key advanced window and shading systems, given the divergent views on how space conditioning requirements will be met in the future. System-level heating and cooling loads and energy use performance were evaluated for a code-compliant large office building using the EnergyPlus building energy simulation program. Commercially-available, highly-insulating, low-emittance windows were found to produce 24%–66% lower perimeter zone HVAC electricity use compared to the mandated energy-efficiency standard in force (GB 50189-2005) in cold climates like Beijing. Low-e windows with operable exterior shading produced up to 30%–80% reductions in perimeter zone HVAC electricity use in Beijing and 18%–38% reductions in Shanghai compared to the standard. The economic context of China is unique since the cost of labor and materials for the building industry is so low. Broad deployment of these commercially available technologies with the proper supporting infrastructure for design, specification, and verification in the field would enable significant reductions in energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in the near term.« less

  18. Status of the Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina; Fino-Chen, Cecilia; Fridley, David; Ning, Cao

    2011-09-26

    As part of its commitment to promoting and improving the local enforcement of appliance energy efficiency standards and labeling, the China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS) launched the National and Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling project on August 14, 2009. The project’s short-term goal is to expand the effort to improve enforcement of standards and labeling requirements to the entire country within three years, with a long-term goal of perfecting overall enforcement. For this project, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan and Shanghai were selected as pilot locations. This report provides information on the local enforcement project’s recent background, activities and results as well as comparison to previous rounds of check-testing in 2006 and 2007. In addition, the report also offers evaluation on the achievement and weaknesses in the local enforcement scheme and recommendations. The results demonstrate both improvement and some backsliding. Enforcement schemes are in place in all target cities and applicable national standards and regulations were followed as the basis for local check testing. Check testing results show in general high labeling compliance across regions with 100% compliance for five products, including full compliance for all three products tested in Jiangsu province and two out of three products tested in Shandong province. Program results also identified key weaknesses in labeling compliance in Sichuan as well as in the efficiency standards compliance levels for small and medium three-phase asynchronous motors and self-ballasted fluorescent lamps. For example, compliance for the same product ranged from as low as 40% to 100% with mixed results for products that had been tested in previous rounds. For refrigerators, in particular, the efficiency standards compliance rate exhibited a wider range of 50% to 100%, and the average rate across all tested models also dropped from 96% in 2007 to 63%, possibly due to the implementation of newly strengthened efficiency standards in 2009. Areas for improvement include: Greater awareness at the local level to ensure that all manufacturers register their products with the label certification project and to minimize their resistance to inspections; improvement of the product sampling methodology to include representative testing of both large and small manufacturers and greater standardization of testing tools and procedures; and continued improvement in local enforcement efforts.

  19. Impact of isoprene and HONO chemistry on ozone and OVOC formation in a semirural South Korean forest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, S. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Kim, S. -Y. [National Inst. Environmental Research, Incheon (South Korea); Lee, M. [Korean Univ., Seoul (South Korea); Shim, H. [Korean Univ., Seoul (South Korea); Wolfe, G. M. [Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States). Joint Center for Earth Systems Technology; Atmosperic Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States); Guenther, A. B. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Science and Global Change Div. (ASGC); He, A. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Hong, Y. [National Inst. Environmental Research, Incheon (South Korea); Han, J. [National Inst. Environmental Research, Incheon (South Korea)

    2015-01-01

    Rapid urbanization and economic development in East Asia in past decades has led to photochemical air pollution problems such as excess photochemical ozone and aerosol formation. Asian megacities such as Seoul, Tokyo, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Beijing are surrounded by densely forested areas, and recent research has consistently demonstrated the importance of biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from vegetation in determining oxidation capacity in the suburban Asian megacity regions. Uncertainties in constraining tropospheric oxidation capacity, dominated by hydroxyl radical, undermine our ability to assess regional photochemical air pollution problems. We present an observational data set of CO, NOx, SO2, ozone, HONO, and VOCs (anthropogenic and biogenic) from Taehwa research forest (TRF) near the Seoul metropolitan area in early June 2012. The data show that TRF is influenced both by aged pollution and fresh biogenic volatile organic compound emissions. With the data set, we diagnose HOx (OH, HO2, and RO2) distributions calculated using the University of Washington chemical box model (UWCM v2.1) with near-explicit VOC oxidation mechanisms from MCM v3.2 (Master Chemical Mechanism). Uncertainty from unconstrained HONO sources and radical recycling processes highlighted in recent studies is examined using multiple model simulations with different model constraints. The results suggest that (1) different model simulation scenarios cause systematic differences in HOx distributions, especially OH levels (up to 2.5 times), and (2) radical destruction (HO2 + HO2 or HO2 + RO2) could be more efficient than radical recycling (RO2 + NO), especially in the afternoon. Implications of the uncertainties in radical chemistry are discussed with respect to ozone–VOC–NOx sensitivity and VOC oxidation product formation rates. Overall, the NOx limited regime is assessed except for the morning hours (8 a.m. to 12 p.m. local standard time), but the degree of sensitivity can significantly vary depending on the model scenarios. The model results also suggest that RO2 levels are positively correlated with oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) production that is not routinely constrained by observations. These unconstrained OVOCs can cause higher-than-expected OH loss rates (missing OH reactivity) and secondary organic aerosol formation. The series of modeling experiments constrained by observations strongly urge observational constraint of the radical pool to enable precise understanding of regional photochemical pollution problems in the East Asian megacity region.

  20. Impact of isoprene and HONO chemistry on ozone and OVOC formation in a semirural South Korean forest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Saewung; Kim, So-Young; Lee, Meehye; Shim, Heeyoun; Wolfe, Glenn; Guenther, Alex B.; He, Amy; Hong, Youdeog; Han, Jinseok

    2014-01-01

    Rapid urbanization and economic development in East Asia in past decades has led to photochemical air pollution problems such as excess photochemical ozone and aerosol formation. Asian megacities such as Seoul, Tokyo, Shanghai, Gangzhou, and Beijing are surrounded by densely forested areas and recent research has consistently demonstrated the importance of biogenic volatile organic compounds from vegetation in determining oxidation capacity in the suburban Asian megacity regions. Uncertainties in constraining tropospheric oxidation capacity, dominated by hydroxyl radical concentrations, undermine our ability to assess regional photochemical air pollution problems. We present an observational dataset of CO, NOX, SO2, ozone, HONO, and VOCs (anthropogenic and biogenic) from Taehwa Research Forest (TRF) near the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) in early June 2012. The data show that TRF is influenced both by aged pollution and fresh BVOC emissions. With the dataset, we diagnose HOx (OH, HO2, and RO2) distributions calculated with the University of Washington Chemical Box Model (UWCM v 2.1). Uncertainty from unconstrained HONO sources and radical recycling processes highlighted in recent studies is examined using multiple model simulations with different model constraints. The results suggest that 1) different model simulation scenarios cause systematic differences in HOX distributions especially OH levels (up to 2.5 times) and 2) radical destruction (HO2+HO2 or HO2+RO2) could be more efficient than radical recycling (HO2+NO) especially in the afternoon. Implications of the uncertainties in radical chemistry are discussed with respect to ozone-VOC-NOX sensitivity and oxidation product formation rates. Overall, the VOC limited regime in ozone photochemistry is predicted but the degree of sensitivity can significantly vary depending on the model scenarios. The model results also suggest that RO2 levels are positively correlated with OVOCs production that is not routinely constrained by observations. These unconstrained OVOCs can cause higher than expected OH loss rates (missing OH reactivity) and secondary organic aerosol formation. The series of modeling experiments constrained by observations strongly urge observational constraint of the radical pool to enable precise understanding of regional photochemical pollution problems in the East Asian megacity region.

  1. Impact of isoprene and HONO chemistry on ozone and OVOC formation in a semirural South Korean forest

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, S.; Kim, S. -Y.; Lee, M.; Shim, H.; Wolfe, G. M.; Guenther, A. B.; He, A.; Hong, Y.; Han, J.

    2015-04-29

    Rapid urbanization and economic development in East Asia in past decades has led to photochemical air pollution problems such as excess photochemical ozone and aerosol formation. Asian megacities such as Seoul, Tokyo, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Beijing are surrounded by densely forested areas, and recent research has consistently demonstrated the importance of biogenic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from vegetation in determining oxidation capacity in the suburban Asian megacity regions. Uncertainties in constraining tropospheric oxidation capacity, dominated by hydroxyl radical, undermine our ability to assess regional photochemical air pollution problems. We present an observational data set of CO, NOx, SO2, ozone, HONO,more »and VOCs (anthropogenic and biogenic) from Taehwa research forest (TRF) near the Seoul metropolitan area in early June 2012. The data show that TRF is influenced both by aged pollution and fresh biogenic volatile organic compound emissions. With the data set, we diagnose HOx (OH, HO2, and RO2) distributions calculated using the University of Washington chemical box model (UWCM v2.1) with near-explicit VOC oxidation mechanisms from MCM v3.2 (Master Chemical Mechanism). Uncertainty from unconstrained HONO sources and radical recycling processes highlighted in recent studies is examined using multiple model simulations with different model constraints. The results suggest that (1) different model simulation scenarios cause systematic differences in HOx distributions, especially OH levels (up to 2.5 times), and (2) radical destruction (HO2 + HO2 or HO2 + RO2) could be more efficient than radical recycling (RO2 + NO), especially in the afternoon. Implications of the uncertainties in radical chemistry are discussed with respect to ozone–VOC–NOx sensitivity and VOC oxidation product formation rates. Overall, the NOx limited regime is assessed except for the morning hours (8 a.m. to 12 p.m. local standard time), but the degree of sensitivity can significantly vary depending on the model scenarios. The model results also suggest that RO2 levels are positively correlated with oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) production that is not routinely constrained by observations. These unconstrained OVOCs can cause higher-than-expected OH loss rates (missing OH reactivity) and secondary organic aerosol formation. The series of modeling experiments constrained by observations strongly urge observational constraint of the radical pool to enable precise understanding of regional photochemical pollution problems in the East Asian megacity region.« less