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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicles Vehicles Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on AddThis.com... Fuel Prices As gasoline prices increase, alternative fuels appeal more to vehicle fleet managers and consumers. Like gasoline, alternative fuel prices can fluctuate based on location, time of year, and political climate. Alternative Fuel Price Report

2

Estimating disaggregated price elasticities in industrial energy demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Econometric energy models are used to evaluate past policy experiences, assess the impact of future policies and forecast energy demand. This paper estimates an industrial energy demand model for the province of Ontario using a linear-logit specification for fuel type equations which are embedded in an aggregate energy demand equation. Short-term, long-term, own- and cross-price elasticities are estimated for electricity, natural gas, oil and coal. Own- and cross-price elasticities are disaggregated to show that overall price elasticities and the energy-constant price elasticities when aggregate energy use is held unchanged. These disaggregations suggest that a substantial part of energy conservation comes from the higher aggregate price of energy and not from interfuel substitution. 13 refs., 2 tabs.

Elkhafif, M.A.T. (Ontario Ministry of Energy, Toronto (Canada))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts............................................................................................................................... 12 Oil Price Forecast Range

4

Intraclass Price Elasticity & Electric Rate Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric rate design relies on cost incurrance for pricing and pricing structures. However, as utilities move into a marketing mode, rate design needs to respond more to customer reactions to pricing changes. Intraclass price elasticities aid rate designers by estimating customer behavior to change. Intraclass price elasticities vary with customer usage. The more energy used by a customer, the greater the amount of elasticity. For an industrial customer, this means that all energy consumed up to the amount necessary for base operations is relatively inelastic. All energy consumption beyond this becomes more elastic as usage increases. In the book "Innovative Electric Rates," John Chamberlin and Charles Dickson utilize an economic model to test conservation programs. This model utilizes intraclass price elasticities and has a direct use in current electric rate design. The model is a strong indicator of how best a company's electric prices and pricing structures manage demand-side growth, increase energy sales consumption, and aide in non-discriminatory economic development.

Gresham, K. E.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

6

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

7

The Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

December 17, 2001 December 17, 2001 his is the fifth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of October 15 and October 22, 2001, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report for the week of June 4, 2001. Gasoline and Diesel Prices egular grade gasoline averaged $1.265 per gallon nationwide during the week of October 22, 2001. This represents a decrease of $0.414 per gallon from the previous Price Report (June 2001), as illustrated in the table to the right. Prices for the various regions of the

8

The Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

New England New England New England New England Central Atlantic Central Atlantic Central Atlantic Central Atlantic Lower Atlantic Lower Atlantic Lower Atlantic Lower Atlantic Gulf Coast Gulf Coast Gulf Coast Gulf Coast West Coast West Coast West Coast West Coast Rocky Mountain Rocky Mountain Rocky Mountain Rocky Mountain Midwest Midwest Midwest Midwest Map of U.S. Regions Map of U.S. Regions Map of U.S. Regions Map of U.S. Regions THE ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT Alternative Fuel Prices Across the Nation March 28, 2002 his is the fifth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the months

9

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

SciTech Connect

The degree to which any deregulated market functions efficiently often depends on the ability of market agents to respond quickly to fluctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we find that price elasticity both increases the retailers revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite effect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we find that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we find that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

SciTech Connect

The degree to which any deregulated market functions efficiently often depends on the ability of market agents to respond quickly to fluctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we find that price elasticity both increases the retailers revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite effect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we find that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we find that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fuel Price Forecasts INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Another important consideration in natural gas supply and cost is the capacity to transport the gas from.75 trillion cubic feet of natural gas from Canada; and 1.1 trillion cubic feet of that were imported through would mean a growing role for frontier supply areas and liquefied natural gas imports. High prices

12

Alternative Fuel Price Report - November 26, 2004  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

THE ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT Alternative Fuel Prices Across the Nation November 26, 2004 his is the thirteenth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between November 8 and November 19, 2004, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in June, 2004. The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In

13

Price elasticity variation: An engineering-economic approach: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses variable elasticities and an engineering-economic approach to estimating elasticity in the residential sector. The report is in two parts. The first part includes a discussion of the factors that affect price elasticity estimates, a survey of estimates of price elasticities in the residential sector from 1978 to 1982, and a critical evaluation of interesting and controversial studies during this period. The second part of the report is an application of engineering-economic methods to estimate long and short run price elasticities in the residential sector. The elasticities were estimated using data for Gulf States Utilities Company, based in Beaumont, Texas. The price forecast used in our analysis, to estimate future residential electricity demand, is one of the many forecasts that the utility company uses for analysis purposes, and should not be construed as an official company forecast of electricity prices. Our short run model examines how income, prices, and other independent variables influence capacity utilization of appliances rather than electricity demand. Long run elasticity is estimated using an engineering economic approach, by combining our estimate of short run elasticity with projections of stock changes.

Sathaye, J.; Kahn, E.; Robbins, D.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

October 2008 October 2008 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT OCTOBER 2008 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2008 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between October 2, 2008 and October 16, 2008 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

15

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

9 9 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT OCTOBER 2009 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2009 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between October 16, 2009 and October 26, 2009 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

16

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

July 2008 July 2008 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT JULY 2008 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2008 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 21, 2008 and July 31, 2008 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

17

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2009 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT JULY 2009 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2009 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 20, 2009 and July 31, 2009 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

18

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

April 2009 April 2009 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT APRIL 2009 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the April 2009 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between April 1, 2009 and April 15, 2009 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

19

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

January 2009 January 2009 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT JANUARY 2009 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the January 2009 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between January 12, 2009 and January 30, 2009 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

20

Jet Fuel Supply/Price Outlook - Fueling the Recovery  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jet Fuel Supply/Price Outlook: Fueling the Recovery Energy Information Administration Presentation to 4th International Jet Fuel Conference February ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2010 Corrected  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2010 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2010 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2010 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between October 4, 2010 and October 14, 2010 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for

22

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

1 1 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2011 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2011 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between September 30, 2011 and October 14, 2011 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

23

Alternative Fuel Price Report January 2011  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

1 1 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report January 2011 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the January 2011 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between January 24, 2011 and February 7, 2011 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

24

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

0 0 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report January 2010 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the January 2010 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between January 19, 2010 and January 29, 2010 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

25

Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2010  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

0 0 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2010 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the April 2010 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between April 2, 2010 and April 12, 2010 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

26

Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2008  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

April 2008 April 2008 8 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT APRIL 2008 WELCOME! Welcome to the April 2008 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between April 1, 2008 and April 11, 2008 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

27

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

1 1 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2011 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the April 2011 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between April 1, 2011 and April 15, 2011 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

28

Alternative Fuel Price Report January 2008  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Jan Jan nuary 2008 8 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT JANUARY 2008 WELCOME! Welcome to the January 2008 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between January 21, 2008 and January 31, 2008 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Price Biodiesel Price Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Price Preference A governmental body, state educational institution, or instrumentality of the state that performs essential governmental functions on a statewide or

30

Alternative Fuel Price Report - September 2005  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

September 2005 September 2005 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT SEPTEMBER 2005 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the September issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected in the month of September 2005 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, DOE Regional Offices, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis.

31

Alternative Fuel Price Report - June 29, 2004  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

June 29, 2004 June 29, 2004 his is the twelfth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between June 14 and June 25, 2004, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in March, 2004. T The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In these instances, though government users may not be required to pay a tax on the fuel, standard federal and

32

Alternative Fuel Price Report - March 28, 2005  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

March 28, 2005 March 28, 2005 T his is the fourteenth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between March 8 and March 22, 2005, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in November, 2004. The changes in prices from one reporting period to the next can be attributed not only to price volatility, but also to an inconsistent set of respondents. Thus, differences from one report to the next should not be assumed to reflect trends. The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel.

33

Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2006  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

October 2006 October 2006 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT OCTOBER 2006 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2006 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected in the months of September and October 2006 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, DOE Regional Offices, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for

34

An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. and R. Rao. Effect of Price on the Demand for Durables:1997 Tellis, G. The Price Elasticity of Selective Demand: A1997 4 G. Tellis. "The Price Elasticity of Selective Demand:

Dale, Larry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Fuel and Power Price Volatilities and Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As more energy is traded in competitive markets, the financial performance of generation companies will be increasingly determined by how well they understand and exploit the price behavior of those markets. How volatile are fuel and power prices? How do they correlate with one another? This report addresses these questions in several wholesale electricity and fuel markets and discusses implications of changing patterns of price behavior to fuel and asset management.

1999-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fossil Fuel Prices to Electric Utilities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural gas for power generation is projected to yield its apparent average price advantage over residual fuel oil by the fourth quarter of this year.

37

Alternative Fuels Price Report July 3, 2001  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

July 3, 2001 July 3, 2001 his is the fourth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of May 28 and June 4, 2001, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report for the week of October 9, 2000. Gasoline and Diesel Prices asoline averaged $1.679 per gallon nationwide during the week of June 4, 2001. This represents an increase of $0.138 per gallon from the previous Price Report (October 2000), as illustrated in the table to the right. Prices for the various regions of the country are

38

Decomposition of the price and income elasticities of the consumer demand for gasoline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors specify and estimate a model of the short-run demand for gasoline which allows them to decompose a consumer's gasoline demand elasticities into miles-driven and driving-efficiency components. Their model is estimated using detailed household survey data which allows direct focus on the short run, holding both the household's automobile stock and demographic profile fixed. Among the most interesting results are: (1) The data allow interesting insights to be drawn into the interrelationship between these important variables and household behavior with respect to gasoline consumption, miles driven, and driving efficiency. (2) The gasoline demand behavior of one-car and multi-car households differ significantly from each other. Evaluated at overall sample means, one-car households have higher (in absolute value) price elasticites for gasoline, miles driven and fuel-efficiency demand. Conversely, multi-car households have higher (in absolute value) total expenditure elasticities for each category. (3) For both one-car and multi-car households, roughly 75% of the estimated price elasticity and roughly 80% of the estimated total-expenditure elasticity of gasoline demand stem from the miles-driven component. The estimated fuel-efficiency elasticities, though smaller than their standard errors, indicate that households respond to changes in prices and total-expenditure levels not only by changing the number of miles they drive, but also by changing the efficiency with which they drive them. 23 references, 3 tables.

Archibald, R. (College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA); Gillingham, R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through EIA Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Feature Articles Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through Printer-Friendly PDF Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* Over the past several years, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has extensively studied the relationships between wholesale and retail markets for petroleum products. Beginning with gasoline, we looked at the two ends of the pricing structure in the U.S. market: daily spot prices, which capture sales of large quantities of product between refiners, importers/exporters, and traders; and weekly retail prices, measured at local gasoline outlets nationwide. In the course of this analysis, EIA has found that the relationships between spot and retail prices are consistent and predictable, to the extent that changes in spot prices can be used to forecast subsequent changes in retail prices for the appropriate regions. This article represents the extension of this type of analysis and modeling into the diesel fuel markets.

40

South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fuel Prices and New Vehicle Fuel Economy in Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the effect of fuel prices on new vehicle fuel economy in the eight largest European markets. The analysis spans the years 2002–2007 and uses detailed vehicle registration and specification data to ...

Klier, Thomas

42

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? The cost of crude oil is a major component in the price of diesel fuel, gasoline, and heating oil.

43

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? The cost of crude oil is a major component in the price of diesel fuel, gasoline, and heating oil.

44

The impact of fuel price volatility on transportation mode choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the price of oil has driven large fluctuations in the price of diesel fuel, which is an important cost component in freight logistics. This thesis explores the impact of fuel price volatility on supply ...

Kim, Eun Hie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuel Price Alternative Fuel Price Report to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report on AddThis.com... Coordinator Basics Outreach Education & Webinars Meetings Reporting Annual Reporting Database Alternative Fuel Price Report Contacts Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report Clean Cities coordinators are required to collect and report local

46

Revised Draft Fuel Price Forecasts for the Draft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas prices, as well as oil and coal prices, are forecast using an Excel spreadsheet model at this time, natural gas prices are forecast in more detail than oil and coal prices. Residential in the industrial boiler fuel market to help keep natural gas prices low. Continuing declines in coal prices coupled

47

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - April 2012  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

April 2012 April 2012 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2012 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the April 2012 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between March 30, 2012 and April 13, 2012 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were

48

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report Jan 2012  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

January 2012 January 2012 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report January 2012 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the January 2012 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between January 13, 2012 and January 27, 2012 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were

49

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2007  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2007 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT JULY 2007 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2007 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 3, 2007 and July 13, 2007 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

50

Stochastic dynamic optimization of consumption and the induced price elasticity of demand in smart grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a mathematical model of consumer behavior in response to stochastically-varying electricity prices, and a characterization of price-elasticity of demand created by optimal utilization of storage and ...

Faghih, Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Analysis of alternative-fuel price trajectories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Findings are presented from a study to (1) acquire, analyze, and report alternative published price projections including both oil- and coal-price trajectories, and to (2) apply the fixed-annuity formula to the updated primary source projections (Energy Information Administration; Data Resources, Inc.; and Wharton Econometric Forecasting Associates, Inc.) and to the newly acquired price projections. This report also encompasses: comparisons of key assumptions underlying the price projections, and a discussion of the applicability of the fixed-annuity formula as used in the alternative-cost calculation. Section II contains graphic presentations of all updated and newly acquired coal and oil price forecasts and the corresponding calculated annuity equivalents, tabulated presentations and discussions of each forecast and underlying assumptions, and a description of how each forecast price series was transformed into input for the present-value formulas. Section III presents the fixed-annuity formula employed and discusses its appropriateness for this application. Section IV discusses the applicability of the net present value approach for comparing alternate-fuel price trajectories. Appendix A contains a listing of contacts as potential sources of price forecasts. Appendix B contains the raw forecast data from each forecast source and the coal and oil price series derived from the raw data which were actually input into the cost calculation procedure. Appendix C contains a description and listing of the computer program developed to implement the cost calculation procedure. Finally, Appendix D contains tabulations and discussions of other alternative world crude price forecasts that were identified, but for which no corresponding coal-price projections were available. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

52

1 The Price Elasticity of Supply of Renewable Electricity Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many states have adopted policies aimed at promoting the growth of renewable electricity within their state. The most salient of these policies is a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) which mandates that retail electricity providers purchase a predetermined fraction of their electricity from renewable sources. Renewable portfolio standards are a policy tool likely to persist for many decades due to the long term goals of many state RPSs and the likely creation of a federal RPS alongside any comprehensive climate change bill. However, there is little empirical evidence about the costs of these RPS policies. I take an instrumental variables approach to estimate the long-run price elasticity of supply of renewable generation. To instrument for the price paid to renewable generators I use the phased-in implementation of RPSs over time. Using this IV strategy, my preferred estimate of the supply elasticity is 2.7. This parameter allows me to measure the costs of carbon abatement in the electricity sector and to compare those costs with the costs of a broader based policy. Using my parameter estimates, I find that a policy to reduce the CO2 emissions in the northeastern US electricity sector by 2.5 % using only an RPS would cost at least six times more than the regional cap-and-trade system (Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative). The marginal cost of CO2 abatement is $12 using the most optimistic assumptions for an RPS compared to a marginal cost of abatement of $2 in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.

Erik Johnson; Erik Johnson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

54

California Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

55

Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

56

Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

57

Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

58

Colorado Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

59

Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

60

Arkansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Iowa Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

62

Tennessee Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

63

Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

64

Illinois Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

65

Massachusetts Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

66

Florida Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

67

Mississippi Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

68

Arizona Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

69

Montana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

70

Oklahoma Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

71

Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

72

Connecticut Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

73

Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

74

Wyoming Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

75

Indiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

76

Maryland Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

77

Kansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

78

Oregon Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

79

Nebraska Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

80

Georgia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Washington Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

82

Missouri Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

83

Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

84

Delaware Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

85

Alabama Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

86

Kentucky Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

87

New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

88

Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

89

Market share elasticities for fuel and technology choice in home heating and cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for estimating own- and cross-elasticities of market share for fuel and technology choices in home heating and cooling is presented. We simulate changes in economic conditions and estimate elasticities by calculating predicted changes in fuel and technology market shares. Elasticities are found with respect to household income, equipment capital cost, and equipment capital cost, and equipment operating cost (including fuel price). The method is applied to a revised and extended version of a study by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Data for that study are drawn primarily from the 1975--1979 Annual Housing Surveys. Results are generally similar to previous studies, although our estimates of elasticities are somewhat lower. We feel the superior formulation of consumer choice and the currency of data in EPRI's work produce reliable estimates of market share elasticities. 18 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

Wood, D.J.; Ruderman, H.; McMahon, J.E.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Fossil Fuel Prices to Electric Utilities - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fossil Fuel Prices to Electric Utilities. Sources: History: EIA; Projections: Short-Term Energy Outlook, July 2000.

91

The Alternative Fuel Price Report December 27, 2002  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

27, 2002 27, 2002 his is the eighth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of October 21, October 28, and November 4, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in July, 2002. (In cases where respondents reported both October and November prices for a fuel, the November prices were used.) The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In

92

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2010  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

July 2010 July 2010 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2010 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2010 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 12, 2010 and July 23, 2010 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

93

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is unable to reduce electricity prices. The unstorability ofhourly variability in electricity prices while maintainingboth forward and spot electricity prices a ect demand. Our

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Renewable and Natural Gas Electricity Contracts: Afor Fuel Price Risk: Using Forward Natural Gas PricesInstead of Gas Price Forecasts to Compare Renewable to Gas-

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W. Golove (2003). Accounting for Fuel Price Risk: UsingForward Natural Gas Prices Insteadof Gas Price Forecasts to Compare Renewable to Gas-Fired

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2007  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

r r Clean C Citie Fue es A l Pri ltern ice R nati Repo ve ort Oc ctober 2007 7 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT OCTOBER 2007 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2007 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between October 2, 2007 and October 20, 2007 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in

97

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report June 2006  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

June 2006 June 2006 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT JUNE 2006 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the June 2006 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected in the months of May and June 2006 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, DOE Regional Offices, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis.

98

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report March 2007  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Cities Alternative Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report March 2007 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT MARCH 2007 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the March 2007 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between February 21, 2007 and March 2, 2007 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that

99

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - July 2012  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Cities Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2012 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2012 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2012 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 13, 2012 and July 27, 2012 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were

100

Price Elasticity of Demand for Electricity: A Primer and Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of recent real-time pricing (RTP) and critical peak pricing (CPP) pilots demonstrate resoundingly that consumers can and will adjust electricity usage in response to price changes. Nonetheless, dynamic pricing plans are still novelties, in part because policy makers and pricing plan designers are equally skeptical of the impact of large-scale implementation. There is no consensus on the degree to which consumers will respond to price changes and as a result no concurrence on which pricing pla...

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reaction of energy markets to higher fuel prices. Combinedreaction of energy markets to higher fuel prices. Other Highin spot market prices (note California Energy Commission.

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Alternative Fuel Price Report December 30, 2003  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

December 30, 2003 December 30, 2003 his is the tenth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of December 1 and December 8, 2003, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in February, 2003. The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In these instances, though government users may not be required to pay a tax on the fuel, standard federal and

103

The Alternative Fuel Price Report March 3, 2003  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3, 2003 3, 2003 his is the ninth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of February 3, February 10, and February 17, 2003, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in October, 2002. The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In these instances, though government users may not be required to pay a tax on the fuel, standard federal and

104

The Alternative Fuel Price Report - May 10, 2002  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Central Atlantic Lower Atlantic Gulf Coast West Coast Rocky Mountain Midwest Map of U.S. Regions THE ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT Alternative Fuel Prices Across the Nation May 10, 2002 his is the sixth issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of April 15 and April 22, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in February, 2002. Gasoline and Diesel Prices egular grade gasoline averaged $1.404 per gallon nationwide during the week of April

105

The Alternative Fuel Price Report: August 8, 2002  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

August 8, 2002 August 8, 2002 his is the seventh issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders during the weeks of July 15, July 22, and July 29, 2002, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in April, 2002. The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In these instances, though government users may not be required to pay a tax on the fuel, standard federal and

106

The Alternative Fuel Price Report March 23, 2004  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

23, 2004 23, 2004 his is the eleventh issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered from Clean Cities coordinators and stakeholders between March 3 and March 17, 2004, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report, which were collected in December, 2003. The prices contained within this report are meant to represent retail, at-the-pump sales prices for each fuel. In some cases, prices are collected from utilities or government facilities, where taxes are not included. In these instances, though government users may not be required to pay a tax on the fuel, standard federal and

107

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report Â… February 2006  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

February 2006 February 2006 CLEAN CITIES ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT FEBRUARY 2006 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the February 2006 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected in the months of January and February 2006 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, DOE Regional Offices, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices

108

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - April 2013  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 3 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report April 2013 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the April 2013 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between March 29, 2013 and April 12, 2013 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were requested to provide prices for fuels in their area

109

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, July, 2013  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 3 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2013 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2013 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 12, 2013 and July 26, 2013 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were requested to provide prices for fuels in their areas

110

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - January 2013  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 3 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report January 2013 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the January 2013 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between January 10, 2013 and January 25, 2013 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were requested to provide prices for fuels in their area

111

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report Â… October 2013  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 3 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2013 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2013 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between October 4, 2013 and October 18, 2013 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were requested to provide prices for fuels in their areas

112

Analysis of Auto Travel Demand Elasticities.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vehicles. The elasticities with regard to income are similar for urban and rural households. However, fuel price elasticity is smaller for urban households, compared to the...

113

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report - October 2012  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

2 2 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report October 2012 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the October 2012 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep Clean Cities coalitions and other interested parties up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the United States. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between September 28, 2012 and October 12, 2012 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they

114

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel Price Risk: Using Forward Natural Gas Prices Insteadof Gas Price Forecasts to Compare Renewable to Gas-FiredWhich way the natural gas price: an attempt to predict the

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices are determined by demand and supply in our market economy. Fuel demand is affected mainly by economic conditions, and for heating oil, the weather.

116

Appropriate Response to Rising Fuel Prices Citizens Should Demand, “Raise My Prices Now!”  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper evaluates policy options for responding to rising fuel prices. There is popular support for policies that minimize fuel prices through subsidies and tax reductions, but such policies harm consumers and the economy overall because they increase total fuel consumption and vehicle travel, and therefore associated costs such as traffic and parking congestion, infrastructure costs, traffic crashes, trade imbalances and pollution emissions. Fuel price reductions are an inefficient way to help low-income households; other strategies do more to increase affordability and provide other benefits. Because many transport decisions are durable, low fuel price policies are particularly harmful over the long term. This report identifies responses that maximize total benefits, including mobility management strategies that increase transport system efficiency, incentives to choose fuel efficient vehicles, and revenue-neutral tax shifts. With these policies fuel prices can significantly increase without harming consumers or the economy, while helping to achieve other planning objectives.

Todd Litman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gas volumes delivered for use as vehicle fuel are included in the State annual totals through 2009 but not in ... electric power price data are for regulated ...

118

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

119

Food for fuel: The price of ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion of corn to ethanol in the US since 2005 has been a major cause of global food price increases during that time and has been shown to be ineffective in achieving US energy independence and reducing environmental impact. We make three key statements to enhance understanding and communication about ethanol production's impact on the food and fuel markets: (1) The amount of corn used to produce the ethanol in a gallon of regular gas would feed a person for a day, (2) The production of ethanol is so energy intensive that it uses only 20% less fossil fuel than gasoline, and (3) The cost of gas made with ethanol is actually higher per mile because ethanol reduces gasoline's energy per gallon.

Albino, Dominic K; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dissertation consists of three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices focusing on the U.S. corn-based fuel-ethanol market. The research objectives include investigating… (more)

Zhang, Zibin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances Title An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-326E Year of Publication 2008 Authors Dale, Larry L., and Sydny K. Fujita Document Number LBNL-326E Pagination 19 Date Published 02/2008 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract This article summarizes our study of the price elasticity of demand1 for home appliances, including refrigerators, clothes washers and dishwashers. In the context of increasingly stringent appliance standards, we are interested in what kind of impact the increased manufacturing costs caused by higher efficiency requirements will have on appliance sales. We chose to study this particular set of appliances because data for the elasticity calculation was more readily available for refrigerators, clothes washers, and dishwashers than for other appliances. We begin with a review of the existing economics literature describing the impact of economic variables on the sale of durable goods. We then describe the market for home appliances and changes in it over the past 20 years. We conclude with summary and interpretation of the results of our regression analysis and present estimates of the price elasticity of demand for the three appliances.

122

E85 motor fuel is increasingly price-competitive with gasoline in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Ethanol & Biodiesel ... Customers accustomed to comparing gasoline prices on a price-per-gallon basis may not be familiar with how to compare fuel prices on an ...

123

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts............................................................................................................................... 12 Oil Price Forecast Range

124

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3) inclusion of high coal prices within the High Fuel Pricegas prices (as well as coal prices, as substitutes for both

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

What are projected diesel fuel prices for 2013 and for 2014? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, ... Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? Why has diesel fuel been more expensive than gasoline?

126

Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Price-Elastic Demand in Deregulated Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree to which anyderegulated market functions e ciently often depends on the ability ofmarket agents to respond quickly to uctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we nd that price elasticity bothincreases the retailer's revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite e ect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the electricity forward price is ambiguous. Indeed, each retailer's response depends on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we nd that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we nd that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Afzal S. Siddiqui; Afzal S. Siddiqui

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

128

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

129

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass in particular – are subject to fuel price risks ofbiomass, solar, and hydro power are often sold on a fixed-pricebiomass, solar, and hydro power, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Transportation fuel prices around the world, first half 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This survey of 41 countries reveals that while most countries experienced higher prices in national currencies, a stronger dollar resulted in lower U.S. dollar adjusted fuel prices during the first half of the year. Currency exchange rate depreciation against the dollar was the predominant fact around the world.

Not Available

1993-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

131

Figure 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices Prices, 1949-2011 Fossil Fuel Composite Price,˛ Change From Previous Year, 1950-2011 68 U.S. Energy Information ...

132

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at about $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

133

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal ...

134

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we ...

135

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

136

An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances Larry Dale and K. Sydny Fujita February 2008 Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not

137

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

138

Own-price and income elasticities for household electricity demand : a survey of literature using meta-regression analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Maria Wist Langmoen Own-price and income elasticities for household electricity demand -A Literature survey using meta-regression analysis Economists have been modelling the electricity demand for… (more)

Langmoen, Maria Wist

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Microsoft Word - Fuel Substitution Elasticities final.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Competition in Power Generation Fuel Competition in Power Generation and Elasticities of Substitution June 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Fuel Competition in Power Generation and Elasticities of Substitution i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

140

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Over the past several years, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has extensively studied the relationships between wholesale and retail markets for petroleum products. This article representsthe extension of this type of analysis and modeling into the diesel fuel markets.

Michael Burdette

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar, and hydro power are often sold on a fixed-pricesolar, and hydro power, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Forecasting Fuel Price Behavior for Energy Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the drivers of fuel price disruptionsparticularly gas pricingover a period of several decades. It drills down more deeply on very recent causes of disruptions for example, shales as a new source of gas and offers a spectrum of likely future disruptions.

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

143

Alternative Fuel Price Report 5_5_00  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Nation May 5, 2000 Nation May 5, 2000 his is the premiere issue of what the Clean Cities Program envisions as a monthly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered during the week of April 10, 2000. Gasoline and Diesel Prices asoline averaged $1.516 per gallon nationwide during the week of April 10, 2000. This represents a drop of $0.023 per gallon from the previous month (March 2000), as illustrated in the table to the right. Prices for the various regions of the country are also illustrated in this table. (A map of the regions is shown at the bottom of this page.) During the week of April 10, prices ranged from a low of $1.439 in the Midwest to a high of $1.752 on the West Coast. Between March 6 and April 10, gasoline prices fell slightly in

144

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

145

Microsoft Word - Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2011 8-17-11  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

July 2011 July 2011 Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report July 2011 Page 2 WELCOME! Welcome to the July 2011 issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly report designed to keep you up to date on the prices of alternative fuels and conventional fuels in the U.S. This issue summarizes prices that were collected between July 14, 2011 and July 29, 2011 from Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other Clean Cities stakeholders. METHODOLOGY In order to collect price information for both alternative fuels and conventional fuels from areas across the country, Clean Cities Coordinators, fuel providers, and other key stakeholders were contacted to request that they provide prices for fuels in their area on a voluntary basis. Prices were

146

EFFECT OF REDUCED U-235 PRICE ON FUEL CYCLE COSTS  

SciTech Connect

A study was made to determine the effect of changes in natural uranium cost and in separative work charges on fuel cycle costs in nuclear power plants. Reactors considered were a Dresden-type boiling water reactor (BWR) and a Yankee- type pressurized water reactor (PWR), with net power ratings of 100, 300, and 500 Mwe. Fuel cycle costs were calculated for these reactors, using either enriched uranium or U/sup 235/-thorium as the fuel material. The price schedule for uranium was based on a feed material cost of /kg uranium as UF/sub 6/ and separative work costs of /kg uranium (Schedule B) and /kg uranium (Schedule C). The present AEC price schedule for enriched uranium was also used for purposes of a reference case. The results indicate that a reduction in present enriched uranium price to that given by Schedule B would reduce fuel cycle costs for the BWR plants by 0.4 to 0.5 mill/kwh for the enriched-uranium cycle, and 0.4 to 0.7 mill/kwh for the thorium cycle. Reductions in fuel cycle costs for the PWR plants were 0.5 to 0.7 and 0.4 to 0.75 mill/kwh, respectively, for the same situations. (auth)

Bennett, L.L.

1962-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes our study of the price elasticity of demand for home appliances, including refrigerators, clothes washers, and dishwashers. In the context of increasingly stringent appliance standards, we are interested in what kind of impact the increased manufacturing costs caused by higher efficiency requirements will have on appliance sales. We begin with a review of existing economics literature describing the impact of economic variables on the sale of durable goods.We then describe the market for home appliances and changes in this market over the past 20 years, performing regression analysis on the shipments of home appliances and relevant economic variables including changes to operating cost and household income. Based on our analysis, we conclude that the demand for home appliances is price inelastic.

Fujita, Kimberly; Dale, Larry; Fujita, K. Sydny

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

Impact of Changing Fuel and Power Market Structures on Price Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing electricity and fuel price risks is a daily task in today's competitive markets. It is tempting to try to extract insights from past price behavior. This report analyzes short-term price relationships for electricity and natural gas (for example, price volatilities and correlations) but goes farther, examining overarching price regimes that provide context for observed prices and required risk management. Spanning electricity, natural gas, oil, coal, and emission allowances markets, the interpre...

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

149

,"U.S. On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices" On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","W Diesel Prices - All Types",11,"Weekly","12/16/2013","3/21/1994" ,"Data 2","M Diesel Prices - All Types",11,"Monthly","11/2013","3/15/1994" ,"Data 3","W Diesel Prices-Low ",1,"Weekly","12/1/2008","2/5/2007" ,"Data 4","M Diesel Prices-Low ",1,"Monthly","12/2008","2/15/2007" ,"Data 5","W Diesel Prices-Ultra-Low",11,"Weekly","12/16/2013","2/5/2007"

150

The importance of vehicle costs, fuel prices, and fuel efficiency to HEV market success.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Toyota's introduction of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) named ''Prius'' in Japan and Honda's proposed introduction of an HEV in the United States have generated considerable interest in the long-term viability of such fuel-efficient vehicles. A performance and cost projection model developed entirely at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is used here to estimate costs. ANL staff developed fuel economy estimates by extending conventional vehicle (CV) modeling done primarily under the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. Together, these estimates are employed to analyze dollar costs vs. benefits of two of many possible HEV technologies. We project incremental costs and fuel savings for a Prius-type low-performance hybrid (14.3 seconds zero to 60 mph acceleration, 260 time) and a higher-performance ''mild'' hybrid vehicle, or MHV (11 seconds 260 time). Each HEV is compared to a U.S. Toyota Corolla with automatic transmission (11 seconds 260 time). The base incremental retail price range, projected a decade hence, is $3,200-$3,750, before considering battery replacement cost. Historical data are analyzed to evaluate the effect of fuel price on consumer preferences for vehicle fuel economy, performance, and size. The relationship between fuel price, the level of change in fuel price, and consumer attitude toward higher fuel efficiency is also evaluated. A recent survey on the value of higher fuel efficiency is presented and U.S. commercial viability of the hybrids is evaluated using discount rates of 2090 and 870. Our analysis, with our current HEV cost estimates and current fuel savings estimates, implies that the U.S. market for such HEVS would be quite limited.

Santini, D. J.; Patterson, P. D.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

Empirical analysis of the spot market implications of price-elastic demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are exposed to real-time electricity prices, then they cansustained increases in the electricity price. Greater pricethe market-clearing electricity price. Indeed, the remaining

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy resources such as wind power carry no natural gas fuel priceenergy resources such as wind, geothermal, biomass, solar, and hydro power are often sold on a fixed-price

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Empirical analysis of the spot market implications of price-elastic demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used to adjust the real-time price perceived by end-useare exposed to real-time electricity prices, then they canof real-time pricing on the equilibrium spot price and

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

DRAFT FUEL PRICE FORECASTS FOR THE 5TH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Forecast Methods Natural gas prices, as well as oil and coal prices, are forecast using an Excel in more detail than oil and coal prices. Residential and commercial sector retail natural gas prices market to help keep natural gas prices low. Continuing declines in coal prices coupled with improved

155

Table 17. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

"Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 17. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content and Sales Type Energy Information Administration ...

156

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

157

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

158

Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 233 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

159

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

160

Table 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices, 1949-2011 (Dollars per ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook › Annual ... excluding freight or shipping and insurance costs. ... 4 Derived by multiplying the price per Btu of each fossil fuel by the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Strategic power plant investment planning under fuel and carbon price uncertainty.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The profitability of power plant investments depends strongly on uncertain fuel and carbon prices. In this doctoral thesis, we combine fundamental electricity market models with… (more)

Geiger, Ansgar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

163

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

164

Hogged Wood Fuel Supply and Price Analysis : Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This study discusses the factors that determine the supply and demand for hogged wood in the Pacific Northwest, with particular emphasis on the role of the regional pulp and paper industry and lumber industry. Because hogged wood is often a substitute for conventional fuels, the consumption and price of natural gas, electricity, fuel oil and coal are also addressed. A detailed and comprehensive examination of the indicies relating to the hogged wood market is provided, including analysis and graphing of all time series variables. A spreadsheet- based forecasting model is developed and presented with an emphasis on explaining the process used to arrive at the final model. 42 refs., 46 figs., 14 tabs. (MHB)

Biederman, Richard T.; Blazek, Christopher F.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Against the backdrop of increasingly volatile natural gas prices, renewable energy resources, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price risk, provide a real economic benefit. Unlike many contracts for natural gas-fired generation, renewable generation is typically sold under fixed-price contracts. Assuming that electricity consumers value long-term price stability, a utility or other retail electricity supplier that is looking to expand its resource portfolio (or a policymaker interested in evaluating different resource options) should therefore compare the cost of fixed-price renewable generation to the hedged or guaranteed cost of new natural gas-fired generation, rather than to projected costs based on uncertain gas price forecasts. To do otherwise would be to compare apples to oranges: by their nature, renewable resources carry no natural gas fuel price risk, and if the market values that attribute, then the most appropriate comparison is to the hedged cost of natural gas-fired generation. Nonetheless, utilities and others often compare the costs of renewable to gas-fired generation using as their fuel price input long-term gas price forecasts that are inherently uncertain, rather than long-term natural gas forward prices that can actually be locked in. This practice raises the critical question of how these two price streams compare. If they are similar, then one might conclude that forecast-based modeling and planning exercises are in fact approximating an apples-to-apples comparison, and no further consideration is necessary. If, however, natural gas forward prices systematically differ from price forecasts, then the use of such forecasts in planning and modeling exercises will yield results that are biased in favor of either renewable (if forwards forecasts). In this report we compare the cost of hedging natural gas price risk through traditional gas-based hedging instruments (e.g., futures, swaps, and fixed-price physical supply contracts) to contemporaneous forecasts of spot natural gas prices, with the purpose of identifying any systematic differences between the two. Although our data set is quite limited, we find that over the past three years, forward gas prices for durations of 2-10 years have been considerably higher than most natural gas spot price forecasts, including the reference case forecasts developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This difference is striking, and implies that resource planning and modeling exercises based on these forecasts over the past three years have yielded results that are biased in favor of gas-fired generation (again, presuming that long-term stability is desirable). As discussed later, these findings have important ramifications for resource planners, energy modelers, and policy-makers.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

166

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 83.0 96.4 146.4 153.3 182.2 226.1 220.3 342.3 248.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 155.1 160.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 115.7 117.8 180.4 141.5 198.4 222.4 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA 183.4 NA NA NA NA NA

167

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to changes in the price of coal brought about by the usegas, coal, electricity), one estimates the price effect ofPrice-affected commodity Energy: power generation use COMMODITIES TO Input commodity Residual fuel Coal

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to changes in the price of coal brought about by the usegas, coal, electricity), one estimates the price effect ofPrice-affected commodity Energy: power generation use COMMODITIES TO Input commodity Residual fuel Coal

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

170

Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: So it wasn't demand and production explains only part of the reason we got through last winter with enough stocks. The mystery is solved when you look at net imports of distillate fuel last winter. As we found out, while imports are a small contributor to supply, they are sometimes crucial. Last winter, imports were the main source of supply increase following the price spike. Previous record levels were shattered as imports came pouring into the country. The fact that Europe was enjoying a warmer-than-normal winter also encouraged exports to the United States. It was massive amounts of imports, particularly from Russia, that helped us get through last winter in as good a shape as we did. Imports are expected to be relatively normal this winter. Added imports

171

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable togas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

SciTech Connect

Unlike natural gas-fired generation, renewable generation (e.g., from wind, solar, and geothermal power) is largely immune to fuel price risk. If ratepayers are rational and value long-term price stability, then--contrary to common practice--any comparison of the levelized cost of renewable to gas-fired generation should be based on a hedged gas price input, rather than an uncertain gas price forecast. This paper compares natural gas prices that can be locked in through futures, swaps, and physical supply contracts to contemporaneous long-term forecasts of spot gas prices. We find that from 2000-2003, forward gas prices for terms of 2-10 years have been considerably higher than most contemporaneous long-term gas price forecasts. This difference is striking, and implies that comparisons between renewable and gas-fired generation based on these forecasts over this period have arguably yielded results that are biased in favor of gas-fired generation.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

172

State energy fuel prices by major economic sector from 1960 through 1977  

SciTech Connect

The state energy fuel prices are described and displayed by major economic sector for 1960 to 1977. These prices support the Regional Energy Demand Model. The 7 major fuel commodities in the Price Data System fall into two groups: petroleum products (distillate, residual, kerosene, gasoline, and liquid petroleum gas) and non-petroleum product fuels (electric power and natural gas). The methodology for calculating each commodity is shown. A detailed description of the wholesale and retail price methodology is presented. Appendices A and B display the price series in calorific and physical units, respectively. Some data-supporting tables are presented in Appendix C and Appendix D describes the fuel identifiers for decoding information in Appendices A and B.

Galliker, J.P.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

UW Madison Fleet Fiscal Year 2010 Rates: Fuel, maintenance and insurance costs are included. If fuel prices exceed the budgeted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UW Madison Fleet Fiscal Year 2010 Rates: Fuel, maintenance and insurance costs are included. If fuel prices exceed the budgeted amount by a significant margin, the rates will be amended with a fuel surcharge at that time and the change notice will be posted in the fleet web site, rates page. Some rate

Sheridan, Jennifer

174

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fuel demand is affected mainly by economic conditions, and for heating oil, the weather. ... How do I calculate diesel fuel surcharges? How do I compare heating fuels?

175

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Against the backdrop of increasingly volatile natural gas prices, renewable energy resources, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price risk, provide a real economic benefit. Unlike many contracts for natural gas-fired generation, renewable generation is typically sold under fixed-price contracts. Assuming that electricity consumers value long-term price stability, a utility or other retail electricity supplier that is looking to expand its resource portfolio (or a policymaker interested in evaluating different resource options) should therefore compare the cost of fixed-price renewable generation to the hedged or guaranteed cost of new natural gas-fired generation, rather than to projected costs based on uncertain gas price forecasts. To do otherwise would be to compare apples to oranges: by their nature, renewable resources carry no natural gas fuel price risk, and if the market values that attribute, then the most appropriate comparison is to the hedged cost of natural gas-fired generation. Nonetheless, utilities and others often compare the costs of renewable to gas-fired generation using as their fuel price input long-term gas price forecasts that are inherently uncertain, rather than long-term natural gas forward prices that can actually be locked in. This practice raises the critical question of how these two price streams compare. If they are similar, then one might conclude that forecast-based modeling and planning exercises are in fact approximating an apples-to-apples comparison, and no further consideration is necessary. If, however, natural gas forward prices systematically differ from price forecasts, then the use of such forecasts in planning and modeling exercises will yield results that are biased in favor of either renewable (if forwards < forecasts) or natural gas-fired generation (if forwards > forecasts). In this report we compare the cost of hedging natural gas price risk through traditional gas-based hedging instruments (e.g., futures, swaps, and fixed-price physical supply contracts) to contemporaneous forecasts of spot natural gas prices, with the purpose of identifying any systematic differences between the two. Although our data set is quite limited, we find that over the past three years, forward gas prices for durations of 2-10 years have been considerably higher than most natural gas spot price forecasts, including the reference case forecasts developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This difference is striking, and implies that resource planning and modeling exercises based on these forecasts over the past three years have yielded results that are biased in favor of gas-fired generation (again, presuming that long-term stability is desirable). As discussed later, these findings have important ramifications for resource planners, energy modelers, and policy-makers.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

176

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

II — Midwest ..... 3,533,120 460,000 (13.0) 376,500 (10.7) III — Gulf Coast ... 25Differences in the average refiner prices for diesel fuel and heating

177

Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

178

What is the outlook for home heating fuel prices this winter ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What is the outlook for home heating fuel prices this winter? According to EIA's Short Term Energy Outlook released on August 6, 2013, the projections for U.S ...

179

The influence of fuel price on an automaker's decision to lightweight cars via materials substitution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The following study examines how the costs and benefits of improving fuel economy of vehicles via lightweighting with aluminum closures change with gas price. A process-based cost model is used to evaluate the costs of ...

Feng, Jennifer C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Estimating household fuel oil/kerosine, natural gas, and LPG prices by census region  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research is to estimate individual fuel prices within the residential sector. The data from four US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, residential energy consumption surveys were used to estimate the models. For a number of important fuel types - fuel oil, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas - the estimation presents a problem because these fuels are not used by all households. Estimates obtained by using only data in which observed fuel prices are present would be biased. A correction for this self-selection bias is needed for estimating prices of these fuels. A literature search identified no past studies on application of the selectivity model for estimating prices of residential fuel oil/kerosine, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. This report describes selectivity models that utilize the Dubin/McFadden correction method for estimating prices of residential fuel oil/kerosine, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas in the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West census regions. Statistically significant explanatory variables are identified and discussed in each of the models. This new application of the selectivity model should be of interest to energy policy makers, researchers, and academicians.

Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Retail Price of No. 2 Fuel Oil to Residential Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

182

Microsoft Word - QGESS_FuelPricing_Final_20130204.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

occur. Provided that fluctuations are taken into consideration, a reasonable coal price forecast can be constructed for planning purposes. National Energy Technology Laboratory...

183

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

184

Trends in Regional U.S. Electricity and Natural Gas Price Elasticity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extent to which consumers are likely to alter energy consumption in response to energy price changes continues to be a critical element in energy policy analysis. Notably, climate change policies that are expected to increase the price of electricity will engender different consequences for the power industry, state economies, and power users, depending on how consumers respond to those prices. Understanding and acknowledging such impacts will be critical to the proper implementation of such policies...

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Elastic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

absence of any significant, rapid demand-side response to the wholesale (or, spot market) price. For a variety of reasons, electricity industries continue to charge most consumers...

186

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

187

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

188

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

189

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

SciTech Connect

The benefits of the Department of Energy's research and development (R&D) efforts have historically been estimated under business-as-usual market and policy conditions. In recognition of the insurance value of R&D, however, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) have been exploring options for evaluating the benefits of their R&D programs under an array of alternative futures. More specifically, an FE-EERE Scenarios Working Group (the Working Group) has proposed to EERE and FE staff the application of an initial set of three scenarios for use in the Working Group's upcoming analyses: (1) a Reference Case Scenario, (2) a High Fuel Price Scenario, which includes heightened natural gas and oil prices, and (3) a Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scenario. The immediate goal is to use these scenarios to conduct a pilot analysis of the benefits of EERE and FE R&D efforts. In this report, the two alternative scenarios being considered by EERE and FE staff--carbon cap-and-trade and high fuel prices--are compared to other scenarios used by energy analysts and utility planners. The report also briefly evaluates the past accuracy of fossil fuel price forecasts. We find that the natural gas prices through 2025 proposed in the FE-EERE Scenarios Working Group's High Fuel Price Scenario appear to be reasonable based on current natural gas prices and other externally generated gas price forecasts and scenarios. If anything, an even more extreme gas price scenario might be considered. The price escalation from 2025 to 2050 within the proposed High Fuel Price Scenario is harder to evaluate, primarily because few existing forecasts or scenarios extend beyond 2025, but, at first blush, it also appears reasonable. Similarly, we find that the oil prices originally proposed by the Working Group in the High Fuel Price Scenario appear to be reasonable, if not conservative, based on: (1) the current forward market for oil, (2) current oil prices, (3) externally generated oil price forecasts, and (4) the historical difficulty in accurately forecasting oil prices. Overall, a spread between the FE-EERE High Oil Price and Reference scenarios of well over $8/bbl is supported by the literature. We conclude that a wide range of carbon regulation scenarios are possible, especially within the time frame considered by EERE and FE (through 2050). The Working Group's Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scenario is found to be less aggressive than many Kyoto-style targets that have been analyzed, and similar in magnitude to the proposed Climate Stewardship Act. The proposed scenario is more aggressive than some other scenarios found in the literature, however, and ignores carbon banking and offsets and does not allow nuclear power to expand. We are therefore somewhat concerned that the stringency of the proposed carbon regulation scenario in the 2010 to 2025 period will lead to a particularly high estimated cost of carbon reduction. As described in more detail later, we encourage some flexibility in the Working Group's ultimate implementation of the Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scenario. We conclude by identifying additional scenarios that might be considered in future analyses, describing a concern with the proposed specification of the High Fuel Price Scenario, and highlighting the possible difficulty of implementing extreme scenarios with current energy modeling tools.

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy promoting private-sector production of diesel-like fuels from natural gaspolicies that change commodity prices directly (e.g. , a carbon tax on natural gas,

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy promoting private-sector production of diesel-like fuels from natural gaspolicies that change commodity prices directly (e.g. , a carbon tax on natural gas,

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

U.S. average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be average gasoline and diesel fuel prices expected to be slightly lower in 2013 than in 2012 Despite the recent run-up in gasoline prices, the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects falling crude oil prices will lead to a small decline in average motor fuel costs this year compared with last year. The price for regular gasoline is expected to average $3.55 a gallon in 2013 and $3.39 next year, according to EIA's new Short-Term Energy Outlook. That's down from $3.63 a gallon in 2012. For the short-term, however, pump prices are expected to peak at $3.73 per gallon in May because of higher seasonal fuel demand and refiners switching their production to make cleaner burning gasoline for the summer. Diesel fuel will continue to cost more than gasoline because of strong global demand for diesel.

193

Regional Differences in the Price-Elasticity of Demand for Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At the request of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the RAND Corporation examined the relationship between energy demand and energy prices with the focus on whether the relationships between demand and price differ if these are examined at different levels of data resolution. In this case, RAND compares national, regional, state, and electric utility levels of data resolution. This study is intended as a first step in helping NREL understand the impact that spatial disaggregation of data can have on estimating the impacts of their programs. This report should be useful to analysts in NREL and other national laboratories, as well as to policy nationals at the national level. It may help them understand the complex relationships between demand and price and how these might vary across different locations in the United States.

Bernstein, M. A.; Griffin, J.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sms_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sms_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

195

,"California Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sca_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sca_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

196

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_ssd_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_ssd_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

197

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_spa_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_spa_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

198

,"Washington Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_swa_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_swa_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

199

,"Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_smn_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_smn_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

200

,"Massachusetts Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Massachusetts Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sma_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sma_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_swi_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_swi_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

202

,"South Carolina Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Carolina Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_ssc_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_ssc_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

203

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sla_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sla_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

204

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003a. Balancing Natural Gas Policy – Fueling the Demands of2003b. Balancing Natural Gas Policy – Fueling the Demands ofof Forward Natural Gas Prices” Energy Policy. Vol 34, Issue

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Retail Price of No. 2 Fuel Oil to Residential Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data ... total No. 2 diesel fuel has been eliminated to help ensure that sensitive data reported to EIA by ...

206

Price of No. 2 Diesel Fuel Through Retail Outlets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data ... total No. 2 diesel fuel has been eliminated to help ensure that sensitive data reported to EIA by ...

207

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk: Using Forward Natural Gas Prices Instead of Gas Price2001). “Which way the natural gas price: an attempt toThe Role of Forward Natural Gas Prices Mark Bolinger, Ryan

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Which way the natural gas price: an attempt to predict theas a Hedge Against Gas Price Movement. ” Public UtilitiesHedge Against Natural Gas Price Movements. ” http://

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas is generally perceived to be much more volatile than the price of coal. Price regulation

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Price Incentives for Fuel Switching: Did Price Differences Slow the Phase-Out of Leaded  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, ranging from methanol, ethanol, MTBE, and other gasoline additives to electricity. Under most regulatory gasoline, it did so essentially by requiring that all new cars built after 1975 use only unleaded fuel

California at Berkeley. University of

211

U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon The retail price of diesel fuel is expected to average $3.94 a gallon during the summer driving season that which runs from April through September. That's close to last summer's pump price of $3.95, according to the latest monthly energy outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Demand for distillate fuel, which includes diesel fuel, is expected to be up less than 1 percent from last summer. Daily production of distillate fuel at U.S. refineries is forecast to be 70,000 barrels higher this summer. With domestic distillate output exceeding demand, U.S. net exports of distillate fuel are expected to average 830,000 barrels per day this summer. That's down 12 percent from last summer's

212

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 PM)" "Idaho" "Fuel, Quality",2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)","-","-","-","-","-","-",251,255,295 " Average heat value (Btu per...

213

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 PM)" "Vermont" "Fuel, Quality",1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1","-","-",485,453,412,...

214

Prices of Refiner No. 2 Diesel Fuel Sales for Resale  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Values shown for kerosene-type jet fuel for the current month at the U.S. and PADD levels are initial estimates calculated using prior history of the series as ...

215

Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix C FUEL PRICE FORECASTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exploration, and lower expected costs of finding and producing these fuels. The theories of oil and gas supply. Figure C-1 illustrates this for world oil prices, and similar patterns apply to natural gas. The last has resulted in increased estimates of energy supplies, increased success rates in oil and gas

216

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil share Elec Price Gas Price Electric Share Gas Share OilBaughman and Joskow [3] Oil Price Gas Price Lin, Hirst,and Cohn [10] Gas Price Oil Price Hartman and Hollyer [8] (

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

218

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Profiles of Renewable and Natural Gas Electricity Contracts:Price Risk: Using Forward Natural Gas Prices Instead of Gas2001). “Which way the natural gas price: an attempt to

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more volatile than the price of coal. Price regulation incoal-fired generation could reduce wholesale electricity pricecoal is found to be more negative than the beta of gas, given that the price

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hedge Against Natural Gas Price Movements. ” http://Downward Pressure on Natural Gas Prices: The Impact ofTheis. 2001. “Which way the natural gas price: an attempt to

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effect of changes in DOE pricing policies for enrichment and reprocessing on research reactor fuel cycle costs  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cycle costs with HEU and LEU fuels for the IAEA generic 10 MW reactor are updated to reflect the change in DOE pricing policy for enrichment services as of October 1985 and the published charges for LEU reprocessing services as of February 1986. The net effects are essentially no change in HEU fuel cycle costs and a reduction of about 8 to 10% in the fuel cycle costs for LEU silicide fuel.

Matos, J.E.; Freese, K.E.

1986-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Laboratory. Natural Gas Price Scenarios Amongvolatile-priced. 4 Future natural gas prices are also highlysection we benchmark the natural gas prices contained in the

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory. Natural Gas Price Scenarios Among activelys 2004 IRP includes three gas price scenarios. As shownwellhead price in the High gas price scenario is $1.43/Mcf

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

,"Kentucky Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kentucky Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sky_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sky_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:26 PM"

225

,"Delaware Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Delaware Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sde_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sde_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:13 PM"

226

,"Florida Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sfl_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sfl_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:15 PM"

227

,"Georgia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sga_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sga_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:16 PM"

228

,"Arizona Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arizona Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_saz_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_saz_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:08 PM"

229

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 5014: Electricity Price Effect on Electrolysis Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5014 Date: December 15, 2005 5014 Date: December 15, 2005 Title: Electricity Price Effect on Electrolysis Cost Originator: Roxanne Garland Approved by: JoAnn Milliken Date: January 2, 2006 Item: Effect of Electricity Price on Distributed Hydrogen Production Cost (Assumes: 1500 GGE/day, electrolyzer at 76% efficiency, and capital cost of $250/kW) The graph is based on the 2010 target of a 1500 kg/day water electrolysis refueling station described on page 3-12 of the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan, February 2005. The graph uses all the same assumptions associated with the target, except for electricity price: Reference: - 76% efficient electrolyzer - 75% system efficiency

230

,"Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sut_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sut_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:52:03 PM"

231

,"U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_nus_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_nus_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:03 PM"

232

,"Indiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sin_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sin_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:23 PM"

233

,"Colorado Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sco_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sco_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:10 PM"

234

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sok_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sok_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:51 PM"

235

,"Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sva_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sva_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:52:04 PM"

236

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_swy_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_swy_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:52:09 PM"

237

,"Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sid_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sid_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:20 PM"

238

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arkansas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sar_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sar_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:06 PM"

239

,"Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_smi_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_smi_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:32 PM"

240

,"Montana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_smt_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_smt_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:37 PM"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

,"Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_stx_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_stx_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:52:01 PM"

242

,"Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_snv_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_snv_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:47 PM"

243

,"Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_soh_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_soh_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:50 PM"

244

,"Missouri Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_smo_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_smo_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:34 PM"

245

,"Oregon Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1570_sor_3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1570_sor_3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:51:52 PM"

246

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home Heating Anderson [21 Oil Price Electric Share Gas ShareBaughman and Joskow [3] Oil Price Gas Price Lin, Hirst,and Cohn [10] Gas Price Oil Price Hartman and Hollyer [8] (

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

An Analysis of Price Volatility in Natural Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Market prices respond to shifts in supply and demand, and the degree of price response relates to the price elasticity of both. Natural gas prices have been particularly

248

,"U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by Sales Type"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices by Sales Type" Prices by Sales Type" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Residual Fuel Oil Average",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1%",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","Sulfur Greater Than 1%",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_resid_dcu_nus_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_resid_dcu_nus_m.htm"

249

Electricity Price Formation -- Lessons from the Western U.S.: Report Series on Fuel and Power Market Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Western United States is a laboratory for observing the operation of competitive wholesale power markets. Combining a review of the fuel and power infrastructure with observations on market behavior and contractual practices, this report provides evidence of growing interdependence of fuel and power prices. This relationship is expected to strengthen and become more volatile as the fuel and power industries move toward ever higher levels of capacity utilization.

1997-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

250

Short run price elasticity of residential electricity demand within income levels and the implications for CO2 policy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the relationship between price and use of electricity in residential homes in order to understand the impact of CO2 policy. A model… (more)

Green, Eric

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price Cap Cost Gas Heat Cap Cost Oil Heat Electric Share GasPrice Cap Cost Gas Heat Cap Cost Oil Heat 3. Summary of WorkEPRI [this study] Cap Cost Elec Heat Oil Price Income Gas

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The continuing rationale for Full and timely recovery of fuel price levels in fuel adjustment clauses  

SciTech Connect

Rate mechanisms that allow for more frequent automatic changes to rates to reflect changing fuel and purchased power costs can reduce the need for full-blown rate cases. With a clear and relatively simple framework, utilities and customers can understand and properly manage their energy costs. (author)

Meehan, Eugene T.; Olson, Wayne P.; Strunk, Kurt

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

As the world economy continues to expand the demand for petroleum based fuel increases and the price of these fuels rises  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Structural Studies of Catalytically Stabilized Industrial Hydrotreating Catalysts Myriam Perez De la Rosa 1 , Gilles Berhault 2 , Apurva Mehta 3 , Russell R. Chianelli 1 1 University of Texas at El Paso, Materials Research Technology Institute, El Paso, TX 2 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse, CNRS, Villeurbanne cedex, France 3 Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA Figure 1: MoS 2 layered structure. As the world economy continues to expand the demand for petroleum based fuel increases and the price of these fuels rises. The rising price of fuel has another consequence: refiners tend to purchase cheaper fuels of poorer quality. These poor quality fuels contain increasing amounts of sulfur and other pollutants leading to a decline

254

Biennial Assessment of the Fifth Power Plan Interim Report on Fuel Price Assumptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fifth Power Plan includes price forecasts for natural gas, oil, and coal. Natural gas prices have by far and natural gas prices have put some pressure on coal prices as well, although they remain lower capacity to deliver the coal and higher oil prices increased the delivery costs as well. Both natural gas

255

An Econometric Analysis of the Elasticity of Vehicle Travel with Respect to Fuel Cost per Mile Using RTEC Survey Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of econometric estimation of the ''rebound effect'' for household vehicle travel in the United States based on a comprehensive analysis of survey data collected by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) at approximately three-year intervals over a 15-year period. The rebound effect is defined as the percent change in vehicle travel for a percent change in fuel economy. It summarizes the tendency to ''take back'' potential energy savings due to fuel economy improvements in the form of increased vehicle travel. Separate vehicles use models were estimated for one-, two-, three-, four-, and five-vehicle households. The results are consistent with the consensus of recently published estimates based on national or state-level data, which show a long-run rebound effect of about +0.2 (a ten percent increase in fuel economy, all else equal, would produce roughly a two percent increase in vehicle travel and an eight percent reduction in fuel use). The hypothesis that vehicle travel responds equally to changes in fuel cost-per-mile whether caused by changes in fuel economy or fuel price per gallon could not be rejected. Recognizing the interdependency in survey data among miles of travel, fuel economy and price paid for fuel for a particular vehicle turns out to be crucial to obtaining meaningful results.

Greene, D.L.; Kahn, J.; Gibson, R.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Price incentives of industrial cogeneration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the strategies of current national energy policy is to promote the combined production of electricity and steam at industrial sites. The impact of relative electricity and fuel prices on the decision to cogenerate is examined here. The strategy of the study is to compare the costs of two firms that are identical except for the way they acquire electricity: one firm purchases electricity while the other cogenerates. Using this framework, the relationship between the elasticity of the price of electricity with respect to the price of fuel and the parameters of the production function is shown to be a key to the decision to cogenerate. Some preliminary empirical estimates of this relationship are also presented.

Maddigan, R.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-Range U.S. Energy Price and Quantity Projections inLaboratory. Natural Gas Price Scenarios Among activelys 2004 IRP includes three gas price scenarios. As shown in

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEC). 2002. Natural Gas Supply and Infrastructureincluded a long-term natural gas supply deal for years 2004fixed-price gas supply contracts and natural gas storage. As

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Policy Options of California’s Reliance on Natural Gas. ”policy is often formulated with ratepayers in mind. 2) Second, long-term fixed-price natural gas

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

GETTING THE PRICES RIGHT: AN EVALUATION OF PRICING PARKING BY DEMAND IN SAN FRANCISCO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underpriced and overcrowded curb parking creates problems for everyone except a few lucky drivers who find a cheap space; all the other drivers who cruise to find an open space waste time and fuel, congest traffic, and pollute the air. Overpriced and underoccupied parking also creates problems; when curb spaces remain empty, nearby merchants lose potential customers, workers lose jobs, and cities lose tax revenue. To address these problems, San Francisco has established SFpark, a program that adjusts parking prices to achieve a target parking availability of one or two open spaces on each block. To measure how parking prices affected parking occupancy in San Francisco we calculated the price elasticity of demand for onstreet parking revealed by 5,294 individual price and occupancy changes during the program’s first year. Price elasticity varies greatly by time of day, location, and several other factors, with an average value of –0.4. The average meter price fell 1 percent during the first year, so SFpark adjusted prices up and down according to local demand without increasing prices overall. The city can improve the program by making drivers more aware of the variable prices, reducing the abuse of disabled parking placards, and introducing seasonal adjustments for parking prices.

Gregory Pierce; Donald Shoup

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Why are the retail pump prices for gasoline and diesel fuel in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Does EIA have gasoline prices by city, county, or zip code? Does EIA have projections for energy production, consumption, and prices for individual states?

262

Findings and views concerning the exemption of kerojet fuels from the mandatory petroleum allocation and price regulations  

SciTech Connect

Presented are DOE's findings and views with respect to the exemption of kerosene-base jet fuel (kerojet) from the Mandatory Petroleum Allocation and Price Regulations (10 CFR, Parts 210, 211, and 212) a section of which requires that any amendment submitted to the Congress for the purpose of exempting a petroleum product or refined product category from regulation be supported with certain findings and DOE views on a variety of matters related to the exemption. Section 102 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA), Public Law 94-385, requires separate submissions to the Congress of energy actions exempting a refined product category from both price and allocation provisions of DOE regulations, but it does permit the DOE to submit concurrently separate energy actions proposing price and allocation exemptions. Based on an analysis of historic and projected supply, demand, and price trends, the DOE has concluded that allocation and price controls are no longer necessary for kerojet fuel and that exemption of kerojet fuel will be consistent with the attainment, to the maximum extent practicable, of the objectives specified in Section 4 (b) (1) of the EPAA.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

264

Diesel prices flat  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

265

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

266

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

267

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

268

Diesel prices flat nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel remained the same from a week ago at 3.98 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price...

269

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

270

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

271

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

272

Crude Price & Differential  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... , making it more competitive with other boiler fuels, and the price of residual fuel relative to crude oil increases. Thus, both the light ...

273

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbine power plantsnatural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plantspower plants (Awerbuch 1993, 1994; Kahn & Stoft 1993). Specifically, in the context of natural gas-

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Accounting for fuel price risk when comparing renewable to gas-fired generation: the role of forward natural gas prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EIA), natural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbineof energy from a new combined cycle gas turbine, and moregas needed to fuel an 85 MW combined-cycle gas turbine (heat

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Table 3.1 Fossil Fuel Production Prices, 1949-2011 (Dollars per ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1 Free-on-board (F.O.B.) rail/barge prices, which are the F.O.B. prices of coal at the point of first sale, excluding freight or shipping and insurance costs.

276

Refiner Retail Price of No. 4 Fuel Oil - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes ... Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: ... Alabama-----1993-2013: Arkansas-----1993-2013: ...

277

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices and wholesale electricity prices. In this light, theby extension future electricity prices) may end up markedlythe form of lower electricity prices), and by reducing the

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For better or worse, natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plants being built across the United States. According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), natural gas-fired units account for nearly 90% of the total generating capacity added in the U.S. between 1999 and 2005 (EIA 2006b), bringing the nationwide market share of gas-fired generation to 19%. Looking ahead over the next decade, the EIA expects this trend to continue, increasing the market share of gas-fired generation to 22% by 2015 (EIA 2007a). Though these numbers are specific to the US, natural gas-fired generation is making similar advances in many other countries as well. A large percentage of the total cost of gas-fired generation is attributable to fuel costs--i.e., natural gas prices. For example, at current spot prices of around $7/MMBtu, fuel costs account for more than 75% of the levelized cost of energy from a new combined cycle gas turbine, and more than 90% of its operating costs (EIA 2007a). Furthermore, given that gas-fired plants are often the marginal supply units that set the market-clearing price for all generators in a competitive wholesale market, there is a direct link between natural gas prices and wholesale electricity prices. In this light, the dramatic increase in natural gas prices since the 1990s should be a cause for ratepayer concern. Figure 1 shows the daily price history of the 'first-nearby' (i.e., closest to expiration) NYMEX natural gas futures contract (black line) at Henry Hub, along with the futures strip (i.e., the full series of futures contracts) from August 22, 2007 (red line). First, nearby prices, which closely track spot prices, have recently been trading within a $7-9/MMBtu range in the United States and, as shown by the futures strip, are expected to remain there through 2012. These price levels are $6/MMBtu higher than the $1-3/MMBtu range seen throughout most of the 1990s, demonstrating significant price escalation for natural gas in the United States over a relatively brief period. Perhaps of most concern is that this dramatic price increase was largely unforeseen. Figure 2 compares the EIA's natural gas wellhead price forecast from each year's Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) going back to 1985 against the average US wellhead price that actually transpired. As shown, our forecasting abilities have proven rather dismal over time, as over-forecasts made in the late 1980's eventually yielded to under-forecasts that have persisted to this day. This historical experience demonstrates that little weight should be placed on any one forecast of future natural gas prices, and that a broad range of future price conditions ought to be considered in planning and investment decisions. Against this backdrop of high, volatile, and unpredictable natural gas prices, increasing the market penetration of renewable generation such as wind, solar, and geothermal power may provide economic benefits to ratepayers by displacing gas-fired generation. These benefits may manifest themselves in several ways. First, the displacement of natural gas-fired generation by increased renewable generation reduces ratepayer exposure to natural gas price risk--i.e., the risk that future gas prices (and by extension future electricity prices) may end up markedly different than expected. Second, this displacement reduces demand for natural gas among gas-fired generators, which, all else equal, will put downward pressure on natural gas prices. Lower natural gas prices in turn benefit both electric ratepayers and other end-users of natural gas. Using analytic approaches that build upon, yet differ from, the past work of others, including Awerbuch (1993, 1994, 2003), Kahn and Stoft (1993), and Humphreys and McClain (1998), this chapter explores each of these two potential 'hedging' benefits of renewable electricity. Though we do not seek to judge whether these two specific benefits outweigh any incremental cost of renewable energy (relative to conventional fuels), we do seek to quantify the magnitude of these two individual benefit

Bolinger, Mark A; Wiser, Ryan

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbine power plantsnatural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbine power plantsnatural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plants

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. had never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70 per barrel, and in July 2008 it reached a peak of $145. By the end of 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing again, reaching about $110 in 2011. Are “speculators ” to blame for at least part of the volatility and sharp run-ups in price? We clarify the potential and actual effects of speculators, and investors in general, on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We first address the question of what is meant by “oil price speculation, ” and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, oil inventories, or oil price derivatives (such as futures contracts). Next we outline the ways in which one could speculate on oil prices. Finally, we turn to the data, and calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation as the driver of price changes is consistent with the data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and changes in convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck; Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Own-Elasticities for Space Conditioning Equipment Equipmentthe choice of a space heat/air conditioning combination. Theutility from air conditioning and space heating alternative

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Prices Gasoline Price Data Sign showing gasoline prices Local Prices: Find the cheapest gasoline prices in your area. State & Metro Area Prices: Average prices from AAA's...

285

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For better or worse, natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plants being built across the United States. According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), natural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbine power plants accounted for 96% of the total generating capacity added in the US between 1999 and 2002--138 GW out of a total of 144 GW. Looking ahead, the EIA expects that gas-fired technology will account for 61% of the 355 GW new generating capacity projected to come on-line in the US up to 2025, increasing the nationwide market share of gas-fired generation from 18% in 2002 to 22% in 2025. While the data are specific to the US, natural gas-fired generation is making similar advances in other countries as well. Regardless of the explanation for (or interpretation of) the empirical findings, however, the basic implications remain the same: one should not blindly rely on gas price forecasts when comparing fixed-price renewable with variable-price gas-fired generation contracts. If there is a cost to hedging, gas price forecasts do not capture and account for it. Alternatively, if the forecasts are at risk of being biased or out of tune with the market, then one certainly would not want to use them as the basis for resource comparisons or investment decisions if a more certain source of data (forwards) existed. Accordingly, assuming that long-term price stability is valued, the most appropriate way to compare the levelized cost of these resources in both cases would be to use forward natural gas price data--i.e. prices that can be locked in to create price certainty--as opposed to uncertain natural gas price forecasts. This article suggests that had utilities and analysts in the US done so over the sample period from November 2000 to November 2003, they would have found gas-fired generation to be at least 0.3-0.6 cents/kWh more expensive (on a levelized cost basis) than otherwise thought. With some renewable resources, in particular wind power, now largely competitive with gas-fired generation in the US (including the impact of the federal production tax credit and current high gas prices), a margin of 0.3-0.6 cents/kWh may in some cases be enough to sway resource decisions in favor of renewables.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

286

Forecast Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Notes: Prices have already recovered from the spike, but are expected to remain elevated over year-ago levels because of the higher crude oil prices. There is a lot of uncertainty in the market as to where crude oil prices will be next winter, but our current forecast has them declining about $2.50 per barrel (6 cents per gallon) from today's levels by next October. U.S. average residential heating oil prices peaked at almost $1.50 as a result of the problems in the Northeast this past winter. The current forecast has them peaking at $1.08 next winter, but we will be revisiting the outlook in more detail next fall and presenting our findings at the annual Winter Fuels Conference. Similarly, diesel prices are also expected to fall. The current outlook projects retail diesel prices dropping about 14 cents per gallon

287

Natural Gas Price Uncertainty: Establishing Price Floors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of comprehensive calculations of ceiling and floor prices for natural gas. Ceiling prices are set by the price levels at which it is more economic to switch from natural gas to residual fuel oil in steam units and to distillate in combined cycle units. Switching to distillate is very rare, whereas switching to fuel oil is quite common, varying between winter and summer and increasing when natural gas prices are high or oil prices low. Monthly fuel use was examined for 89 ...

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

288

Refiner Retail Price of No. 4 Fuel Oil - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. W: W : W : W ... Alabama-- - - - - 1994-2012: Arkansas-- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for the current month ...

289

Does EIA publish off-road diesel fuel prices? - FAQ - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. Highlights ... Does EIA have city or county-level energy consumption and price data?

290

Optimal Intercity Transportation Services with Heterogeneous Demand and Variable Fuel Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average Retail Price of Electricity to Ultimate Customers:http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epm/table5_3.html

Ryerson, Megan S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

E85 motor fuel is increasingly price-competitive with gasoline in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

While ethanol has been cheaper than regular gasoline on a per-gallon basis for ... which are primarily driven by the price of ethanol feedstock (mainly corn), ...

292

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. A Review of Recent Energy Price Projections for Traditional Space Heating Fuel 1985-2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to develop an initial estimate of the potential competitiveness of low temperature (45 degrees C to 100 degrees C) geothermal resources on the Eastern Coastal Plain, the Center for Metropolitant Planning and Research of The Johns Hopkins University reviewed and compared available energy price projections. Series of projections covering the post-1985 period have been made by the Energy Information Administration, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and by private research firms. Since low temperature geothermal energy will compete primarily for the space and process heating markets currently held by petroleum, natural gas, and electricity, projected trends in the real prices for these fuels were examined. The spread in the current and in projected future prices for these fuels, which often serve identical end uses, underscores the influence of specific attributes for each type of fuel, such as cleanliness, security of supply, and governmental regulation. Geothermal energy possesses several important attributes in common with electricity (e.g., ease of maintenance and perceived security of supply), and thus the price of electric space heating is likely to be an upper bound on a competitive price for geothermal energy. Competitiveness would, of course, be increased if geothermal heat could be delivered for prices closer to those for oil and natural gas. The projections reviewed suggest that oil and gas prices will rise significantly in real terms over the next few decades, while electricity prices are projected to be more stable. Electricity prices will, however, remain above those for the other two fuels. The significance of this work rests on the fact that, in market economies, prices provide the fundamental signals needed for efficient resource allocation. Although market prices often fail to fully account for factors such as environmental impacts and long-term scarcity value, they nevertheless embody a considerable amount of information and are the primary guideposts for suppliers and consumers.

Weissbrod, Richard; Barron, William

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 6.25 7.97 3.67 4.48 3.95 2.66 1922-2012 Alabama 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Alaska 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Arizona 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Arkansas

294

Short run effects of a price on carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. electric generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The price of delivered electricity will rise if generators have to pay for carbon dioxide emissions through an implicit or explicit mechanism. There are two main effects that a substantial price on CO{sub 2} emissions would have in the short run (before the generation fleet changes significantly). First, consumers would react to increased price by buying less, described by their price elasticity of demand. Second, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions would change the order in which existing generators are economically dispatched, depending on their carbon dioxide emissions and marginal fuel prices. Both the price increase and dispatch changes depend on the mix of generation technologies and fuels in the region available for dispatch, although the consumer response to higher prices is the dominant effect. We estimate that the instantaneous imposition of a price of $35 per metric ton on CO{sub 2} emissions would lead to a 10% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in PJM and MISO at a price elasticity of -0.1. Reductions in ERCOT would be about one-third as large. Thus, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions that has been shown in earlier work to stimulate investment in new generation technology also provides significant CO{sub 2} reductions before new technology is deployed at large scale. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Adam Newcomer; Seth A. Blumsack; Jay Apt; Lester B. Lave; M. Granger Morgan [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Methods of economic analysis applied to fusion research: discount rate determination and the fossil fuel price effect  

SciTech Connect

In current and previous efforts, ECON has provided a preliminary economic assessment of a fusion research program. Part of this effort was the demonstration of a methodology for the estimation of reactor system costs and risk and for the treatment of program alternatives as a series of steps (tests) to buy information, thereby controlling program risk and providing a sound economic rationale for properly constructed research programs. The first phase of work also identified two areas which greatly affect the overall economic evaluation of fusion research and which warranted further study in the second phase. This led to the two tasks of the second phase reported herein: (1) discount rate determination and (2) evaluation of the effect of the expectation of the introduction of fusion power on current fossil fuel prices. In the first task, various conceptual measures of the social rate of discount were reviewed and critiqued. In the second task, a benefit area that had been called out by ECON was further examined. Long-range R and D yields short-term benefits in the form of lower nonrenewable energy resource prices because the R and D provides an expectation of future competition for the remaining reserves at the time of technology availability. ECON developed a model of optimal OPEC petroleum pricing as a function of the expectation of future competing technologies. It was shown that the existence of this expectation lowers the optimal OPEC export price and that accelerated technology R and D programs should provide further price decreases. These price reductions translate into benefits to the U.S. of at least a billion dollars.

1978-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

296

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain: a review of recent energy price projections for traditional space and process heating fuels in the post-1985 period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The most recent price projections that have been published for distillate heating fuels, natural gas, and electricity are reviewed. The projections include those made by EIA, DOE, BNL, Foster Associates, and SRI International. Projected distillate prices for 1990 range from Brookhaven's worst case real price of $8.80 per million Btu's to EIA's most optimistic case of $4.10 for that year compared to $6.10 prevailing in September 1979. Natural gas prices projected for 1990 fall within a more narrow band ranging up to $4.50 (Brookhaven's basecase) compared to $4.20 in September 1979. Electricity prices projected for 1990 range to $17.00 per million Btu's compared to the September 1979 average price of $15.50. Regional price differentials show the Northeast paying above national average prices for oil, natural gas, and electricity. The West enjoys the lowest energy price levels overall. Oil prices are relatively uniform across the country, while natural gas and electricity prices may vary by more than 50% from one region to another.

Barron, W.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Draft Fourth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan, Appendix C FUEL PRICE FORECASTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the natural gas commodity market demanded a more independent look at natural gas prices. In the 1991. A second consideration was the advice of the Council's Natural Gas Policy, Natural Gas Advisory, and Demand. Figure C-1 illustrates this for world oil prices, and similar patterns apply to natural gas. The last

298

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. Natural Gas and Energy Price Volatility. Arlington,Reducing the Impacts of Energy Price Volatility Throughof Forward Natural Gas Prices” Energy Policy. Vol 34, Issue

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the market, allowing natural gas price volatility to flowClearly, the variability of gas prices poses a major risk toincreasingly volatile natural gas prices, renewable energy

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between natural gas and oil prices. In both cases, our ownbetween natural gas and oil prices, make the case thatgeneration may also reduce oil prices. Although we emphasize

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Crisis: Reducing Natural Gas Prices through IncreasedDownward Pressure on Natural Gas Prices? ” Energy Policy.Economy (ACEEE). 2003. Natural Gas Price Effects of Energy

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

considering that natural gas prices (and gas pricein the market, allowing natural gas price volatility to flowincreasingly volatile natural gas prices, renewable energy

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Crisis: Reducing Natural Gas Prices through IncreasedPressure on Natural Gas Prices? ” Energy Policy. Vol 35,ACEEE). 2003. Natural Gas Price Effects of Energy Efficiency

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Diesel prices decrease slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

305

Diesel prices rise slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices rise slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based...

306

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2013 Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on...

307

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

308

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

309

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

common practice of using gas price forecasts in long-rangeit is likely that gas prices in the US will continue to bethat natural gas prices (and gas price volatility) have a

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

311

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

312

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

313

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fixed-price gas supply contracts and natural gas storage. Asnatural gas prices, rather than on prices that can be locked in through futures, swap, or fixed- price physical supplySupply, Renewable Energy Gas Options, Gas Storage Option Premium or Storage Cost Gas Price Falls Gas Price Rises Natural

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Elastic Properties of Thin Ceramic Multilayers in a Solid Oxide Fuel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is a multilayer composite system where the thickness of constituent layer varies from 10- 100µm. A new ...

315

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

316

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January ...

317

Asymmetric pricing: an agent based model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asymmetric pricing is the tendency of prices to rise readily and fall slowly. Explanations of asymmetric pricing mention monopoly power, costs of changing prices or spreading information, and elasticity differences. In this paper we describe a general ... Keywords: agent based simulation, asymmetric pricing, competitive equilibria, microeconomy

Federico Cecconi; Domenico Parisi

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Why are the retail pump prices for gasoline and diesel fuel in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline and diesel fuel? When was the last refinery built in the United States?

319

Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy measurements of the elastic properties of uranium and plutonium based oxide fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory is engaged in producing mixed actinide (i.e., U, Np, Pu, and Am) oxides to study candidates for nuclear fuels. Correlation of composition and processing technique with initial morphology and crystallographic structure is critical to understanding and predicting the performance of these fuels. In this presentation, I will communicate the results of characterization of fuels ranging in actinide composition from UO{sub 2}, U{sub 0.8}Pu{sub 0.2} to U{sub 0.75}Np{sub 0.02}Pu{sub 0.2}Am{sub 0.03} via Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy (RUS) for recently fabricated fuel candidates.

Saleh, Tarik A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Luther, Erik P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Safarik, Douglas J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ulrich, Timothy J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Byler, D D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Freibert, F J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Willson, S P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Can Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Put Downward Pressure on Natural Gas Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACEEE). 2003. Natural Gas Price Effects of Energy EfficiencyFuel Price Risk: Using Forward Natural Gas Prices Insteadof Gas Price Forecasts to Compare Renewable to Natural Gas-

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a. Prices . GrossSr:arisEI~"Reta:fl-prices --2o-. -Bureau and- rndexes ofof Labor Statistics, "Retail Prices and Indexes of Fuels and

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

EIA projects record winter household heating oil prices in the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home; Browse by Tag; Most Popular Tags. electricity; oil/petroleum; liquid fuels; natural gas; prices; states; ... Heating oil prices largely reflect crude oil prices.

323

Does Marginal Price Matter? A Regression Discontinuity Approach to Estimating Water Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Groot, and Peter Nijkamp, “Price and Income Elasticities ofJ. Espey and W. D. Shaw, “Price Elasticity of ResidentialDavid J. Molina, “A Note on Price Perception in Water Demand

Nataraj, Shanthi; Hanemann, W. Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas supply contracts and natural gas storage. As is shown inor Storage Cost Gas Price Falls Gas Price Rises Natural Gas

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

326

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

327

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

328

Natural Gas Industrial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

329

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

330

Prices and Price Setting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies price data and tries to unravel the underlying economic processes of why firms have chosen these prices. It focuses on three aspects… (more)

Faber, R.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Table 36. Refiner Prices of Aviation Fuels and Kerosene by PAD ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to ... 102.5 96.1 51.9 53.7 72.9 54.7 Florida

332

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 established a new, sharply lower standard for the maximum sulfur content of on-highway diesel fuel, to take effect October 1, 1993.

Tancred Lidderdale

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Use of Incremental Pricing in Coal Supply and Transportation Agreements to Achieve Power Sales: Report Series of Fuel and Power Market Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increased power market competition is transforming into increased fuel supply competition. This report examines the role that "incremental pricing" for coal supply and transportation services plays in permitting power generators to achieve greater power sales. Surprisingly, the outlook for using such mechanisms for this purpose is more restricted than one might expect.

1997-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

334

Heating Fuel Comparision Calculator  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wood, Pellet, Corn (kernel), and Coal Heaters Heating Fuel Comparison Calculator Instructions and Guidance Residential Fuel/Energy Price Links Spot Prices, Daily

335

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices, increasing the market penetration of renewable generation such as wind, solar, and geothermal power

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

(2) Quantities and Prices of Animal Manure and Gaseous Fuels Generated:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this context, we are defining animal manure as the excrement of livestock reared in agricultural operations as well as straw, sawdust, and other residues used as animal bedding. Gaseous fuels may be derived from municipal and industrial landfills (landfill gas) or from animal manure and solid biomass such as crop silage or the organic fraction of MSW (biogas). Both landfill gas and biogas are generated via anaerobic digestion, a multi-stage process whereby bacteria convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins to methane (Evans 2001). EPA does not consider these materials to be wastes in themselves, when used as fuel, but rather materials derived from wastes.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

338

Table 16. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 60.5 64.5 68.5 69.4 65.4 55.2 a Includes low-sulfur diesel fuel only. b All end-user sales not included in the other end-user categories shown,...

339

Table 16. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

58.8 64.9 67.0 67.7 63.6 54.6 Dash (-) No data reported. a Includes low-sulfur diesel fuel only. b All end-user sales not included in the other end-user categories shown,...

340

Table 16. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 51.6 56.2 59.3 60.4 56.2 45.4 a Includes low-sulfur diesel fuel only. b All end-user sales not included in the other end-user categories shown,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Table 16. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 71.1 77.5 78.8 79.6 75.7 66.7 a Includes low-sulfur diesel fuel only. b All end-user sales not included in the other end-user categories shown,...

342

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 PM)" 8 PM)" "Alaska" "Fuel, Quality",1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",203,141,148 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",8698,8520,8278 " Average sulfur Content (percent)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.33,0.5,0.71

343

Wealth Transfers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

who are charged real-time prices. I discuss the politicalif customers exhibit real-time price elasticities of -0.1, Iit sees the actual real-time electricity price and responds.

Borenstein, Severin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To help ensure that sulfates in engine exhaust do not To help ensure that sulfates in engine exhaust do not prevent manufacturers of heavy-duty diesel engines from meeting new particulate emissions standards for 1994 and later model years, 1 the Clean Air Act Amend- ments of 1990 (CAAA90) require refiners to reduce the sulfur content of on-highway diesel fuel from current average levels of 0.30 percent by weight to no more than 0.05 percent by weight. The new standard, which goes into effect October 1, 1993, also requires that on-highway diesel fuel have a minimum cetane index of 40 or a maximum aromatic content of 35 percent by volume. 2 (See list of terms and definitions on the fol- lowing page.) This provision is designed to prevent any future rises in aromatics levels. 3 Since the direct mea- surement of aromatics is complex, a minimum cetane

345

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

346

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 PM)" 1 PM)" "Maine" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",241,237,262,266,327,319,367,506,619 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",13138,13124,12854,12823,12784,13171,12979,12779,13011 " Average sulfur Content (percent)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.71,0.69,0.77,0.78,0.7,0.65,0.72,0.82,0.72

347

Easing the natural gas crisis: Reducing natural gas prices through increased deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel Price Risk: Using Forward Natural Gas Prices Insteadof Gas Price Forecasts to Compare Renewable to Natural Gas-2003. Natural Gas and Energy Price Volatility. Arlington,

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

High Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generators supplying electricity markets are subject to volatile input and output prices and uncertain fuel availability. Price-risk may be hedged to a considerable extent but fuel-risk — water flows in the case of hydro and gas availability in the case of thermal plants — may not be. We show that a price-taking generator will only generate when the output price exceeds its marginal cost by an amount that reflects the value of the option to delay the use of stored fuel. The corresponding offer price is different from the theorized offer prices of static uniform auctions and more akin to pay-as-bid auction prices. We argue that the option value of delaying fuel use, which is an increasing function of spot price volatility and the uncertainty about fuel availability, must be considered when evaluating whether market power is present in electricity markets. The engineering approach to simulating an electricity supply curve, which has been used in market power evaluations to date, may lead to supply curves that are quite different from those that recognize possible fuel availability limitations, even in the complete absence of market power.

Kevin Counsell; Graeme Guthrie; Steen Videbeck

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Analysis of Strategies of Companies under Carbon Constraint: Relationship between Profit Structure of Companies and Carbon/Fuel Price Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the relationship between future carbon prices and the expected profit of companies by case studies with model companies. As the future carbon price will vary significantly in accordance with the political ...

Hashimoto, Susumu

350

Diesel prices top $4 per gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices top 4 per gallon The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel surpassed the four dollar mark for the first time this year. Prices rose to 4.02 a gallon...

351

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 PM)" 1 PM)" "Hawaii" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",303,296,188,175,281,309,358,297,279 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",11536,11422,11097,10975,10943,10871,10669,10640,10562 " Average sulfur Content (percent)","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.32,0.44,0.49,0.55,0.51,0.47,0.66,0.65,0.62

352

Diesel prices slightly decrease nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly decrease nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.97 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7-tenths of a penny from a week...

353

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

354

Diesel prices see slight drop  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices see slight drop The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

355

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.98 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 6.8 cents from a week ago, based...

356

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 cents from a week ago based on the...

357

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

358

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2013 Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.94 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3 12 cents from a week ago, based...

359

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.98 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

360

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago based on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Diesel prices remain fairly stable  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices remain fairly stable The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel slightly fell to 3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6-tenths of a penny from a week...

362

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's down 5 12 cents from a week ago, based on the...

363

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.01 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the...

364

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4-tenths of a penny from a...

365

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

366

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the...

367

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

368

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the...

369

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.83 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the...

370

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

371

Diesel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4, 2013 Diesel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.86 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.3 cents from a week ago, based...

372

Distillate and Crude Oil Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fuel and residential heating oil prices on the East Coast is being driven by higher crude oil prices than last year and higher spreads. Crude oil is projected to average almost...

373

Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

need to consider coal and other fuel prices. This work wascoal-fired generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price

Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consider coal, uranium, and other fuel prices. This workcoal-fired or nuclear generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price

Bolinger, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Comparison of AEO 2010 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consider coal, uranium, and other fuel prices. Finally,coal-fired or nuclear generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price

Bolinger, Mark A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Solar-powered irrigation systems study: technical summary report. Volume II. Agricultural energy and fuel price projections for Arizona, California, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Texas  

SciTech Connect

This study is part of a larger research effort to project U.S. energy demand and energy prices by state from 1985 to 2015; these projections will be used to assess the potential penetration into the U.S. energy economy by specific solar systems. The detailed agricultural energy price forecasts for the 1985-2015 period used by The Aerospace Corporation to assess the market potential of solar-powered irrigation system is presented. Energy price forecasts in constant 1977 dollars are presented by aggregated county regions in the six states for four major sources of energy used in pumping of irrigation water: liquid petroleum gas (LPG), diesel fuel, natural gas, and electricity. (WHK)

1978-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

377

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fuels through use at refinery Energy: other industrialas a process fuel by refineries) (see discussion above); i)residual fuel produced by refineries that produce mainly

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fuels through use at refinery Energy: other industrialas a process fuel by refineries) (see discussion above); i)residual fuel produced by refineries that produce mainly

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 PM)" 6 PM)" "South Dakota" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",115,113,113,110,108,103,94,92,93,94,99,103,130,134,139,142,151,156,174,176,195 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",6096,6025,6034,6057,6049,6972,9034,8687,8728,8630,8464,8540,8550,8560,8523,8711,8534,8530,8391,8386,8327 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.9,0.87,0.92,0.9,0.91,0.87,0.52,0.63,0.72,0.6,0.31,0.33,0.37,0.33,0.34,0.31,0.32,0.3,0.31,0.31,0.33 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",565,488,"-",467,"-","-",598,"-","-","-","-","-","-",804,822,1245,1546,"-",1985,1248,1808

380

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 PM)" 2 PM)" "Rhode Island" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",359,241,195,320,254,413,479,"-","-","-",730,802,1407,"-",1931,1649,934,1561 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",152445,151507,152617,150388,151314,139562,140390,"-","-","-",140564,140562,135160,"-",138571,141786,145243,140864 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.93,0.91,1,0.97,0.97,0.03,0.14,"-","-","-",0.14,0.09,0.03,"-",0.15,0.3,0.46,0.25 "Natural Gas (cents per million Btu)",217,198,213,239,222,185,223,326,329,455,650,680,951,734,781,1028,488,538

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Practice Prize Paper---PIN Optimal Distribution of Auction Vehicles System: Applying Price Forecasting, Elasticity Estimation, and Genetic Algorithms to Used-Vehicle Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to retailing new vehicles, automotive manufacturers in the United States sell millions of vehicles through leasing and to fleet customers every year. The majority of these vehicles are returned to the automotive manufacturers at the end of ... Keywords: auction price, distribution, forecasting, optimization, used vehicle

Jie Du; Lili Xie; Stephan Schroeder

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 PM)" 1 PM)" "Minnesota" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",125,126,119,113,114,114,107,109,107,110,111,102,106,108,107,113,122,150,169,164,174 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8788,8802,8838,8844,8821,8828,8914,8895,8883,8883,8929,8930,8860,8895,8914,8909,8911,8853,8902,8878,8812 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.51,0.48,0.45,0.44,0.46,0.47,0.45,0.45,0.44,0.44,0.43,0.47,0.45,0.46,0.44,0.44,0.44,0.45,0.46,0.46,0.43 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",93,88,83,80,85,85,90,78,74,76,54,65,60,85,110,157,152,444,941,1210,1568 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",73719,72052,72467,71631,73031,73310,74050,72267,72781,71055,72531,132857,131267,133093,134967,133848,134976,132929,136357,139955,140595

383

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 PM)" 4 PM)" "Washington" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",158,155,137,136,136,144,157,163,149,156,169,146,140,143,133,154,173,217,216,227 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8135,8014,8189,8125,8400,8267,7936,8043,8215,8224,8310,8014,8052,8151,8131,8532,9211,8366,8403,8391 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.7,0.66,0.66,0.71,0.65,0.69,0.71,0.62,0.59,0.75,0.73,1.01,1,0.93,0.75,0.69,0.34,0.32,0.33,0.34 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",511,573,466,469,472,485,509,499,405,479,664,241,325,412,562,1629,663,1229,965,1383 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",140948,140176,139924,139936,139933,139952,139931,139943,139907,140000,140000,137098,145438,139331,137340,142807,138598,139040,139905,130674

384

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 PM)" 7 PM)" "West Virginia" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",147,152,147,142,139,127,125,124,122,118,120,125,121,125,135,153,167,173,222,254,239 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12452,12505,12524,12489,12468,12418,12378,12398,12305,12361,12281,12085,12103,12166,12061,11976,11967,12046,11897,11959,12034 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.89,1.92,2.05,1.94,1.87,1.98,1.93,1.95,1.86,1.84,1.42,1.19,1.71,1.69,1.75,1.78,1.79,2.04,2,2.13,2.4 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",572,537,484,462,442,439,529,464,371,463,721,666,543,725,785,959,901,1063,2146,1434,1738 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",139293,139090,139486,139229,139324,138988,138655,138883,139186,139100,139324,137143,122840,140526,140943,141667,143471,143817,135557,137855,138536

385

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

32 PM)" 32 PM)" "Wyoming" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",84,83,76,80,80,82,82,81,79,76,78,77,79,82,87,95,100,105,117,120,132 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8811,8756,8840,8779,8766,8738,8716,8787,8794,8784,8803,8880,8759,8826,8826,8814,8708,8684,8769,8791,8806 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.54,0.51,0.52,0.51,0.52,0.5,0.52,0.54,0.53,0.51,0.5,0.48,0.49,0.49,0.48,0.49,0.51,0.49,0.51,0.51,0.53 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",527,494,479,473,444,445,546,517,406,476,724,707,553,714,950,1317,1628,1772,2146,1369,1736 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",138848,139167,139150,139060,138986,139281,139171,138821,139138,139102,139219,146905,139448,139593,139338,139638,139333,139448,139926,139824,139238

386

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 PM)" 3 PM)" "Delaware" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",181,178,173,169,162,162,159,157,156,159,152,217,178,190,220,281,308,286,352,334,355 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",13035,13053,13064,13027,12954,13085,13020,13062,12962,12935,12995,11495,12858,12803,12530,12222,12401,12524,12452,12567,12550 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.97,0.96,1.03,0.94,0.92,1,1.01,0.99,0.98,0.97,1.01,0.67,0.91,0.9,0.83,0.67,0.74,0.73,0.74,0.8,0.77 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",278,238,242,230,259,261,321,278,215,244,446,380,406,576,611,863,1351,1304,1811,1120,1624 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",151269,151483,150760,151286,149733,152012,151900,151464,150957,150998,150486,148095,148964,147895,146312,147248,139117,144114,143781,137938,136498

387

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 PM)" 9 PM)" "New Jersey" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",180,178,173,177,182,178,175,176,159,145,139,227,187,180,205,218,273,289,333,401,416 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",13429,13402,13465,13397,13341,13282,12993,13084,13113,13150,13153,13000,13137,13056,12868,12644,12770,11890,12073,11491,11758 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.16,1.27,1.29,1.29,1.29,1.21,1.36,1.24,1.13,1.14,1.13,1.57,1.23,1.11,1.58,1.14,1.17,0.88,1.03,0.9,1.05 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",360,302,303,268,290,286,359,299,242,288,484,454,468,604,602,985,970,1147,1547,1011,1495 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",148298,148469,148864,149283,148376,149310,147321,148488,148655,149295,149557,141667,143162,139250,135095,134802,141505,136271,138217,136595,139952

388

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 PM)" 4 PM)" "New York" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",161,159,149,150,145,141,143,142,143,145,149,142,155,159,176,213,240,241,257,273,305 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12846,12923,12978,12914,12959,13051,13013,13105,13052,13034,13117,13025,13019,12545,12063,11832,11584,11382,11248,11187,10982 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.84,1.77,1.65,1.55,1.71,1.79,1.8,1.8,1.75,1.67,1.12,1.97,1.78,1.8,1.66,1.4,1.36,1.37,1.43,1.29,1.31 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",360,272,264,257,251,263,319,284,203,237,431,350,366,493,486,731,800,799,1390,811,1144 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",150036,150812,150898,151012,149567,148624,149671,150326,150740,150569,151162,149286,149371,149998,149024,148914,150136,151036,148410,146824,144319

389

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 PM)" 2 PM)" "New Mexico" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",132,138,132,137,141,142,143,134,131,133,138,147,153,143,148,151,156,179,199,190,206 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",9117,9092,9013,8991,9043,9033,9116,9069,9082,9132,9206,9250,9444,9164,9225,9173,9282,9198,9173,9226,8963 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.79,0.8,0.81,0.81,0.82,0.8,0.8,0.81,0.8,0.8,0.8,0.72,0.73,0.73,0.72,0.79,0.76,0.77,0.75,0.77,0.75 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",525,535,516,506,465,490,587,575,439,502,758,631,614,754,956,1293,1695,1879,2353,1526,1942 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",138098,136000,135676,136000,136000,136000,136000,136000,136000,136000,136000,139524,136000,136048,136007,136252,136024,136026,134186,134086,134219

390

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 PM)" 6 PM)" "Kentucky" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",119,118,116,117,116,111,106,105,106,106,102,110,119,123,137,152,170,175,214,217,226 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",11558,11552,11620,11697,11683,11625,11536,11571,11579,11582,11604,11425,11464,11498,11550,11620,11568,11661,11534,11472,11460 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",2.59,2.53,2.44,2.39,2.34,2.42,2.47,2.5,2.37,2.27,2.29,2.15,2.16,2.12,2.09,2.21,2.23,2.22,2.33,2.54,2.58 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",575,505,479,204,153,318,310,361,278,275,559,567,465,227,127,117,127,127,203,168,217 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",138943,138998,138993,90574,87876,118024,105736,116976,115748,110888,125371,139286,137640,132664,131967,132710,132305,134155,134110,134810,135140

391

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 PM)" 4 PM)" "United States" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",145,145,141,139,136,132,129,127,125,122,120,123,125,128,136,154,169,177,207,221,227 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",10465,10378,10395,10315,10338,10248,10263,10275,10241,10163,10115,10200,10168,10137,10074,10107,10063,10028,9947,9902,9843 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.35,1.3,1.29,1.18,1.17,1.08,1.1,1.11,1.06,1.01,0.93,0.89,0.94,0.97,0.97,0.98,0.97,0.96,0.97,1.01,1.04 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",335,253,251,237,242,257,303,273,202,236,418,369,334,433,429,644,623,717,1087,702,954 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",149536,150093,150293,149983,149324,149371,149367,149838,149736,149407,149857,147857,147902,147086,147286,146481,143883,144545,142205,141321,140598

392

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 PM)" 3 PM)" "Kansas" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",124,123,118,102,102,102,99,102,98,95,98,105,98,101,103,112,119,123,141,143,151 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8948,8998,8900,8654,8708,8730,8827,8766,8696,8628,8672,8700,8571,8619,8626,8569,8607,8582,8545,8526,8569 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.58,0.59,0.49,0.43,0.49,0.43,0.49,0.48,0.45,0.43,0.42,0.43,0.44,0.48,0.44,0.44,0.45,0.41,0.39,0.4,0.38 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",540,432,438,402,397,212,412,282,266,319,400,336,273,362,407,556,485,340,711,428,569 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",138176,138367,139117,138633,138890,104067,141940,154117,144688,147607,154871,154286,157186,156948,156855,155174,144821,137017,136552,137645,137600

393

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 PM)" 5 PM)" "Illinois" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",175,171,174,170,161,163,163,155,156,144,115,119,119,116,115,119,126,134,158,165,170 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",10789,10721,10666,10362,10181,9970,9878,9781,9700,9560,9690,9555,9253,9176,9120,9015,8937,8962,8892,8876,8896 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",2.07,2,1.91,1.63,1.46,1.14,1.16,1.17,1.1,1.03,1.11,1.1,0.7,0.66,0.65,0.62,0.53,0.52,0.5,0.48,0.5 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",395,309,304,297,280,232,298,309,234,291,324,579,524,540,464,1286,1465,1744,2432,1505,1765 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",148831,149029,149843,148693,148945,124129,128245,126779,130829,130367,96874,153333,140345,147876,143595,137405,141102,137319,137310,137181,137507

394

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 PM)" 4 PM)" "Mississippi" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",165,167,160,164,157,153,151,155,154,155,152,163,159,154,169,210,231,271,301,301,289 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12543,12555,12507,12338,11312,11221,11023,10486,10569,11062,11549,11670,9723,9235,9087,8993,8961,9290,9276,8541,8519 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.64,1.56,1.69,1.41,1.02,1.04,0.93,0.68,0.75,0.74,0.85,0.7,0.63,0.59,0.57,0.57,0.6,0.59,0.55,0.53,0.69 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",243,216,200,176,164,374,224,269,199,154,333,377,428,412,465,651,830,763,1042,1193,1076 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",151229,151257,152595,153436,152705,139507,154381,156867,157169,157967,155569,154524,145986,155336,155638,155064,155619,154738,149826,142902,151357

395

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 PM)" 6 PM)" "New Hampshire" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",178,174,169,161,152,159,161,163,161,152,148,167,180,170,202,244,256,290,353,366,380 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",13303,13247,13260,13179,13032,13111,13146,13054,13133,13133,13114,13050,13245,13262,13199,13087,13196,13109,12886,12849,12922 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.81,1.43,1.61,1.62,1.52,1.38,1.56,1.42,1.4,1.35,1.34,1.34,1.17,1.09,1.16,1.32,1.29,1.51,1.2,1.44,1.44 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",227,180,186,184,200,233,254,264,187,214,345,337,371,374,406,595,782,914,1069,717,1345 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",154329,156712,156757,154129,153464,154402,154517,152621,151850,153221,153740,151190,152400,152724,152883,154024,155071,152450,152379,151240,146800

396

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 PM)" 6 PM)" "Alabama" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",184,181,173,176,167,156,154,154,157,148,141,141,142,147,152,179,211,206,271,268,282 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12094,12107,12061,12092,12088,11861,11794,11584,11519,10963,10951,10990,10828,10977,10878,10950,10879,10644,10659,10507,10633 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.51,1.4,1.43,1.33,1.3,1.2,1.24,1.13,1.13,1.02,0.91,0.92,0.94,0.95,0.84,0.97,0.94,0.88,0.89,0.92,0.99 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",507,512,460,425,402,376,446,405,288,326,652,552,509,560,754,1148,1327,1107,1672,1249,1589 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",130098,137126,137164,137671,137864,138276,139383,139645,139510,139140,137395,144286,140588,141395,142757,141012,140469,143452,140050,137243,137733

397

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 PM)" 1 PM)" "Nebraska" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",75,75,75,75,77,75,72,59,59,55,56,57,58,60,66,71,80,88,90,133,142 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8561,8542,8553,8561,8571,8594,8599,8595,8584,8498,8632,8585,8654,8673,8574,8570,8514,8511,8496,8544,8547 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.35,0.35,0.37,0.35,0.35,0.33,0.34,0.32,0.27,0.3,0.3,0.31,0.3,0.29,0.32,0.31,0.3,0.31,0.31,0.31,0.28 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",703,457,465,248,402,224,511,450,333,432,649,656,555,457,712,1343,1534,1669,1772,1056,1711 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",138043,137600,137586,107945,137640,103081,137621,137567,132550,137671,137750,138571,138043,138040,136976,138119,138124,138007,139452,140500,137895

398

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 PM)" 8 PM)" "Louisiana" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",170,165,153,158,154,155,151,148,143,140,132,131,127,134,138,151,166,185,210,204,216 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8194,8223,8122,8092,8136,8110,8171,8102,8097,8149,7933,8030,8095,8023,8146,8136,8205,8246,8183,8201,8114 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.49,0.49,0.5,0.52,0.51,0.58,0.57,0.64,0.56,0.58,0.63,0.74,0.52,0.5,0.51,0.54,0.49,0.39,0.41,0.39,0.39 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",371,413,388,223,269,348,327,302,222,204,459,519,63,247,286,427,300,196,425,195,296 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",144962,143214,141950,152148,147869,141543,147221,153519,153400,154469,149843,145238,140393,145807,147379,147057,142607,139310,140002,136969,136986

399

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 PM)" 7 PM)" "North Carolina" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",178,178,173,170,168,163,148,143,144,144,143,159,176,178,200,240,269,274,326,359,352 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12544,12506,12456,12465,12416,12461,12422,12368,12398,12450,12448,12380,12422,12423,12345,12309,12268,12374,12243,12333,12270 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.96,0.94,0.92,0.96,0.95,0.86,0.89,0.9,0.89,0.85,0.82,0.86,0.85,0.87,0.86,0.88,0.91,1.01,1.01,1.04,1.01 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",512,473,441,405,384,382,468,428,311,398,616,584,467,623,715,997,1356,1042,1513,1014,1433 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",138229,138317,138450,138610,138238,138148,138298,138264,138167,138169,138360,145952,144098,140848,141338,142869,139114,146617,146483,146243,144814

400

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 PM)" 9 PM)" "Wisconsin" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",136,136,133,121,121,114,106,109,107,102,102,105,112,112,118,129,150,170,198,206,218 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",9642,9643,9725,9490,9565,9351,9222,9375,9299,9115,9165,9500,9089,9006,9030,9088,8975,8967,9025,8920,8964 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.81,0.81,0.71,0.49,0.51,0.46,0.46,0.5,0.46,0.39,0.35,0.37,0.41,0.38,0.39,0.38,0.36,0.36,0.37,0.38,0.4 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",526,312,310,153,221,177,193,180,83,81,88,146,111,108,109,150,203,204,356,222,240 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",139200,113495,110433,92736,103860,95883,91924,90760,75079,73869,74440,139048,133712,134343,135093,135238,134333,134845,136126,134033,131245

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401

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 PM)" 8 PM)" "Indiana" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",136,134,131,127,127,125,119,116,112,111,108,114,117,120,121,140,152,161,193,202,214 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",10562,10569,10628,10539,10535,10338,10357,10461,10517,10620,10604,10540,10593,10550,10601,10756,10638,10588,10486,10470,10498 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",2.06,1.98,1.88,1.78,1.76,1.57,1.59,1.61,1.63,1.58,1.51,1.43,1.48,1.5,1.53,1.72,1.61,1.74,1.71,1.73,1.76 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",191,297,218,365,390,298,198,150,184,170,245,220,208,311,330,803,1394,1337,2002,1002,1571 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",89740,105529,96317,126976,137426,115914,90057,81174,100264,90095,90071,149762,142836,138660,135267,139405,139621,140607,139538,139436,139390

402

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 PM)" 1 PM)" "Texas" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",145,150,149,144,135,134,129,126,124,120,123,133,126,125,131,129,139,149,162,168,184 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",7291,7225,7234,7284,7346,7346,7440,7423,7509,7506,7548,7635,7677,7605,7641,7611,7665,7681,7759,7787,7705 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.74,0.75,0.76,0.75,0.73,0.77,0.71,0.75,0.71,0.65,0.65,0.67,0.68,0.78,0.77,0.74,0.67,0.6,0.56,0.61,0.61 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",517,471,399,179,211,283,473,342,113,96,617,556,200,423,171,248,267,240,312,213,423 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",141838,139760,140129,112764,120681,117555,138383,114810,99067,80493,135419,141905,140340,139979,137700,137955,137876,136814,136638,136569,135686

403

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 PM)" 6 PM)" "Missouri" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",135,134,134,124,110,98,95,93,92,93,92,96,90,92,93,101,111,133,151,153,159 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",10400,10298,10321,9860,9718,9216,9063,8994,8938,8948,8913,8940,8875,8865,8838,8854,8808,8825,8837,8802,8801 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",2.01,1.84,1.8,1.02,1.03,0.57,0.58,0.47,0.37,0.34,0.3,0.36,0.36,0.37,0.38,0.37,0.36,0.38,0.38,0.38,0.36 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",280,230,210,113,101,110,183,292,118,88,263,134,118,348,279,1236,1457,1713,1829,1022,1607 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",107890,131371,136233,83795,79640,79069,95638,123143,89640,76829,94214,136667,136381,137769,139288,137693,137188,137476,137340,137948,137655

404

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 PM)" 0 PM)" "Iowa" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",112,110,110,101,99,99,94,94,88,82,82,81,89,89,93,98,105,108,127,134,142 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8892,8890,8867,8660,8783,8678,8658,8662,8636,8581,8626,9000,8648,8705,8665,8668,8612,8619,8605,8657,8585 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.7,0.67,0.67,0.52,0.57,0.49,0.45,0.45,0.44,0.4,0.35,0.37,0.39,0.43,0.44,0.42,0.44,0.41,0.41,0.42,0.37 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",518,355,158,127,144,96,117,141,141,399,643,617,579,635,459,1077,474,603,1023,1038,878 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",137943,123305,84117,83079,86795,77324,78400,83517,88176,139340,138731,139524,139667,139171,137162,139200,134952,135219,133214,136726,133860

405

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

50 PM)" 50 PM)" "Georgia" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",179,180,180,178,169,167,158,159,155,155,154,166,168,172,180,218,240,261,307,362,390 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",11893,11936,12039,12148,11774,11576,11581,11755,11750,11740,11559,11730,11686,11668,11024,11058,10994,10983,10947,10933,10891 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.63,1.63,1.68,1.37,1.05,0.81,0.83,0.84,0.85,0.8,0.76,0.81,0.79,0.82,0.78,0.81,0.82,0.78,0.78,0.76,0.78 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",486,474,434,347,396,378,431,421,328,390,691,668,549,268,289,433,356,537,838,552,667 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",139812,138000,140514,142390,138483,139631,140676,140471,138495,138495,138498,145714,138348,134648,136533,141855,135864,141493,138081,138371,137129

406

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 PM)" 0 PM)" "Arizona" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",143,141,137,135,137,139,144,142,133,133,124,125,126,127,130,141,144,159,174,181,180 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",10482,10356,10303,10271,10281,10274,10232,10159,10186,10257,10229,10145,10232,10081,10211,10088,10011,9946,9828,9712,9685 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.49,0.51,0.51,0.49,0.51,0.53,0.55,0.54,0.55,0.55,0.56,0.58,0.6,0.64,0.57,0.57,0.57,0.57,0.59,0.65,0.66 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",446,499,467,511,428,510,539,532,429,480,860,706,654,767,859,1403,1625,1671,2102,1300,1807 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",142831,139662,140379,140533,142148,139933,142293,140336,138850,138690,138607,143333,139567,139550,133595,140912,139114,140914,138424,135340,135993

407

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 PM)" 0 PM)" "Pennsylvania" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",152,155,148,144,143,136,138,136,135,130,115,121,125,122,137,159,172,175,210,230,241 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12241,12302,12399,12443,12368,12315,12321,12279,12323,12552,12670,11240,12111,11733,11615,11741,11459,11400,11079,10940,11063 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",2.16,2.14,2.12,2.07,2.11,2.12,2.09,2.13,2.19,2.15,2.26,2.12,1.95,1.95,2,1.94,2.09,2.08,2.09,2.21,2.39 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",322,247,236,236,249,224,289,225,184,186,292,373,464,467,451,746,762,916,1181,762,1484 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",140462,137574,132824,141621,141245,128574,132045,126590,121550,112919,125114,146429,145976,144660,144343,146174,139310,139290,138850,138731,139112

408

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

47 PM)" 47 PM)" "Florida" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",185,186,182,177,178,179,174,173,165,159,157,172,176,176,192,231,256,256,297,339,347 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12364,12351,12370,12332,12293,12296,12193,12122,12144,12299,12330,12105,12263,12281,12249,12227,12142,12116,11929,11957,12024 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",1.73,1.73,1.68,1.57,1.6,1.47,1.55,1.59,1.55,1.53,1.59,1.54,1.55,1.44,1.44,1.38,1.37,1.35,1.38,1.45,1.67 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",302,225,242,220,226,247,278,254,193,236,409,339,324,389,392,581,568,712,1003,727,856 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",151010,151217,151471,151660,151248,150633,148417,143486,143812,147529,147162,150000,149657,148431,148183,147510,146124,147276,146433,144745,143138

409

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 PM)" 1 PM)" "Virginia" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",155,152,147,147,145,145,142,139,138,134,133,159,169,167,195,233,245,249,277,308,328 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",12714,12768,12830,12817,12778,12743,12597,12554,12603,12702,12814,12730,12845,12826,12713,12650,12592,12531,12492,12501,12476 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.96,1,1.03,1,0.99,1.03,0.99,1.01,0.97,1.3,0.98,1.02,1.16,0.97,0.94,1,1.04,0.94,0.92,1,1.02 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",384,223,247,213,216,251,290,282,204,230,424,357,380,499,497,761,875,922,1380,978,1315 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",146360,146626,148881,150319,149743,146179,146988,148219,150157,150660,151002,148810,149779,149367,150757,149019,150090,148238,147390,145531,145626

410

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 PM)" 9 PM)" "Montana" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",67,67,71,69,69,67,71,68,67,73,92,95,61,62,64,71,85,93,102,107,111 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",8564,8522,8576,8496,8500,8520,8439,8426,8433,8435,6618,8380,8482,8515,8504,8447,8428,8426,8347,8409,8375 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.63,0.65,0.66,0.65,0.66,0.68,0.68,0.72,0.72,0.73,0.52,0.53,0.64,0.62,0.63,0.66,0.66,0.61,0.69,0.67,0.69 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",543,472,509,526,463,491,565,529,466,491,"-","-",219,746,948,1274,173,90,135,83,73 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",141000,141000,141000,141000,141000,141000,141000,141000,141000,140100,"-","-",137148,136574,137064,126095,130833,137343,136819,139021,138571

411

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 PM)" 4 PM)" "Nevada" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",149,141,146,147,143,131,137,139,130,129,126,126,134,142,136,154,173,188,220,222,244 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",11122,11121,11051,11012,11291,11075,11140,11169,11199,11257,11211,11210,11284,11120,11118,11176,11495,11151,10664,10505,10626 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",0.53,0.5,0.49,0.49,0.49,0.48,0.49,0.5,0.47,0.46,0.47,0.51,0.53,0.5,0.54,0.53,0.54,0.46,0.44,0.42,0.47 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",314,393,331,358,329,337,552,508,380,453,722,585,600,601,473,990,1270,"-",2360,1382,1751 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",148233,147538,147779,148545,148195,146667,136898,138760,138845,139110,139110,151667,139110,138548,149914,141760,140610,"-",138938,138386,138452

412

Table 6. Electric Power Delivered Fuel Prices and Quality for Coal, Petroleum, N  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 PM)" 2 PM)" "Ohio" "Fuel, Quality",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010 "Coal (cents per million Btu)",152,148,144,141,144,142,134,132,136,136,146,131,123,121,133,154,170,171,205,239,224 " Average heat value (Btu per pound)",11882,11945,11983,12049,12052,12122,12056,11891,11913,11918,11823,11550,12143,12160,12098,12097,11525,11495,11444,11768,11563 " Average sulfur Content (percent)",2.44,2.63,2.57,2.39,2.34,1.89,2.08,2.01,2.01,1.98,1.92,2.07,1.98,2.14,2.25,2.16,1.68,1.7,1.96,2.2,2.28 "Petroleum (cents per million Btu)1",459,381,233,187,197,349,347,426,202,348,635,601,532,731,777,1291,1224,1619,591,488,760 " Average heat value (Btu per gallon)",142917,131114,93026,81274,82224,128733,105121,135936,105736,128624,133586,142143,125426,137810,137986,138193,138150,138026,134567,136305,136052

413

Muffled Price Signals: Household Water Demand Under Increasing-Block Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distinction has been quite important in the electricity demand literature, in which long-run price elasticity and electricity pricing, and volume discounts in general. Under increasing blocks, the budget constraintMuffled Price Signals: Household Water Demand Under Increasing-Block Prices Sheila M. Cavanagh, W

Kammen, Daniel M.

414

2012 Brief: Retail gasoline prices vary significantly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... Retail gasoline prices are published by region, for 9 selected states, 10 selected cities, ...

415

Gas Prices: Frequently Asked Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prices: Frequently Asked Questions Prices: Frequently Asked Questions What determines the price of gasoline? Energy Information Administration What's going on with gasoline prices? Factors Affecting Gasoline Prices This Week in Petroleum (updated weekly) Gasoline Price Pass-through Oil Market Basics Primer on Gasoline Sources and Markets What's up (and down) with gasoline prices? Illustration showing component costs of gasoline What are the average national and regional gasoline prices? Energy Information Administration Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (updated weekly) This Week in Petroleum (updated weekly) California Energy Commission California Gasoline & Gasoline Prices What is the outlook for gasoline prices? Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Why are gasoline prices so different from one state (or region) to another?

416

Can Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Put Downward Pressure on Natural Gas Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price elasticity of natural gas supply implied by theour key findings. NATURAL GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND: A CURSORYprice elasticity of natural gas supply, and discuss the

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Price Comparison - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency. Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ...

418

Natural Gas Electric Power Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January ...

419

Price Impact on the Demand for Water and Energy in California...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords block rate pricing, california, demand, electricity, natural gas, Price elasticity of demand, water Abstract This paper provides a...

420

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Daily price history of 1st-nearby NYMEX natural gas futureshistory of the “first-nearby” (i.e. , closest to expiration) NYMEX natural gas

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of gas-fired and renewable generation Mark Bolinger and Ryannatural gas prices, renewable energy resources – which bygas-fired generation, renewable generation, such as wind or

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Crude Oil Price Cycles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The heating oil and diesel fuel price runups in late January were made even more problematic by coming on top of the high side of the latest crude market cycle. Over the past 10...

423

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from last week to 2.62 per gallon; up 37.4 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The retail price...

424

Residential propane prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

from last week to 2.57 per gallon; up 32.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The retail price...

425

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a week ago to 2.76 per gallon. That's up 51.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices...

426

Residential propane prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a week ago to 2.71 per gallon. That's up 46.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices...

427

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Rate Reduction...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

& Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel Cell Vehicles Natural Gas | Natural Gas Vehicles Propane | Propane Vehicles Emerging Fuels Fuel Prices...

428

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Fuel Fleet Services  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

& Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel Cell Vehicles Natural Gas | Natural Gas Vehicles Propane | Propane Vehicles Emerging Fuels Fuel Prices...

429

Alternative fuels and vehicles choice model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the theory and implementation of a model of alternative fuel and vehicle choice (AFVC), designed for use with the US Department of Energy`s Alternative Fuels Trade Model (AFTM). The AFTM is a static equilibrium model of the world supply and demand for liquid fuels, encompassing resource production, conversion processes, transportation, and consumption. The AFTM also includes fuel-switching behavior by incorporating multinomial logit-type equations for choice of alternative fuel vehicles and alternative fuels. This allows the model to solve for market shares of vehicles and fuels, as well as for fuel prices and quantities. The AFVC model includes fuel-flexible, bi-fuel, and dedicated fuel vehicles. For multi-fuel vehicles, the choice of fuel is subsumed within the vehicle choice framework, resulting in a nested multinomial logit design. The nesting is shown to be required by the different price elasticities of fuel and vehicle choice. A unique feature of the AFVC is that its parameters are derived directly from the characteristics of alternative fuels and vehicle technologies, together with a few key assumptions about consumer behavior. This not only establishes a direct link between assumptions and model predictions, but facilitates sensitivity testing, as well. The implementation of the AFVC model as a spreadsheet is also described.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Center for Transportation Analysis

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of generating fuels displaced by the exported electricity.generating fuels through combustion at power plant Energy: electricityelectricity generation are estimated by multiplying uncontrolled emissions by an emission-reduction factor, for each generating technology and fuel.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of generating fuels displaced by the exported electricity.generating fuels through combustion at power plant Energy: electricityelectricity generation are estimated by multiplying uncontrolled emissions by an emission-reduction factor, for each generating technology and fuel.

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? Why is the United States exporting gasoline when prices are so high?

433

New Jersey Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 20.6 11.0 9.0 8.4 8.2 NA 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- -- 1994-2011 Electric Power Price 8.17 10.78 5.31 5.66 5.24...

434

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.67 8.12 5.87 5.62 5.11 4.31 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.15 11.11 9.34 8.95 8.84 8.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 85.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.19 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 63.9 57.5 61.3 60.6 60.6 55.8 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.97 9.12 6.02 5.85 5.61 4.34 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 9.7 10.2 8.9 8.2 7.6 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 15.10 15.29 1994-2012 Electric Power Price

435

Residential response to price changes in natural gas service: A short-run analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential consumer demand for natural gas services is determined by numerous components including natural gas and competing fuel prices, weather patterns, appliance ownership characteristics, income, and energy conservation measure implementation. This study utilizes household-level data on a set of the determinants of residential natural gas demand, combined with corresponding consumption observations, to analyze the price response over the [open quotes]short-run[close quotes] period, in which primary natural gas-consuming appliances are fixed. Two model specifications are employed in this study to model the natural gas demand function and derive short-run price elasticity estimates. These are the Error Components (EC) and Fixed Effects (FE) models. These specifications result in elastic short-run responses estimates ranging between [minus]2.164 and [minus]7.015. These values contrast with the inelastic short-run estimated responses presented in previous empirical work, and the likelihood of actually observing such large short-run responses is expected to be small. The large estimates developed in the current study are evidently due to the use of household-specific data that incorporates disaggregated factors that influence monthly fluctuations in demand. This level of detail is subsumed within the aggregated data employed in prior studies. The price elasticity estimates developed in this study are directly applicable to short-run fuel demand analyses. The estimates are also applicable to the development, implementation, and evaluation of energy conservation programs.

Wilson, P.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operating costs, long-term fixed-price renewable energyRenewable Energy Gas Options, Gas Storage Option Premium or Storage Costrenewable power is more cost- competitive than previously believed’, Renewable Energy

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The Value of Renewable Energy as a Hedge Against Fuel Price Risk: Analytic Contributions from Economic and Finance Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expected to have on natural gas demand and prices. We alsothat a reduction in natural gas demand caused by increasedthat a reduction in natural gas demand is expected, all else

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to crop and biomass inputs would estimate the price/emissionprice/emissions impacts in the “agriculture: fertilizer use,” “agriculture: crop use,” “agriculture: biomassprice/emissions model discussed here. Note that crops and biomass

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to crop and biomass inputs would estimate the price/emissionprice/emissions impacts in the “agriculture: fertilizer use,” “agriculture: crop use,” “agriculture: biomassprice/emissions model discussed here. Note that crops and biomass

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and past heating season. As you can see, prices have started the heating season, about 40 to 50 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The data presented are from EIA's State Heating Oil and Propane Program. We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly. These data will also be used to determine the price trigger mechanism for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. The data are published at a State and regional level on our web site. The slide is to give you some perspective of what is happening in these markets, since you probably will get a number of calls from local residents about their heating fuels bills

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Carbon Price Drivers:Carbon Price Drivers:Carbon Price Drivers:Carbon Price Drivers: AAAAnnnn UpdatedUpdatedUpdatedUpdated Literature ReviewLiterature ReviewLiterature ReviewLiterature Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Fezzi (2009) further quantify the mutual interactions of electricity, gas and carbon prices in the UK-through of carbon prices into electricity prices, and the response of electricity and carbon prices to shocks on a counterfactual scenario for the demand for electricity, the CO2 price, and fuel prices, their simulations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Gasoline prices rise in the Midwest as the summer driving ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

National average gasoline prices were $3.68 per gallon for regular unleaded fuel as of May 24, about the same price as a year ago, according to ...

443

Fuel.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F23: Nuclear Energy Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2011 State Nuclear Electric Power Nuclear Fuel Consumption Prices Expenditures Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu...

444

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 1967-1997 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.53 8.03 7.06 6.17 5.85 5.27 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 13.36 12.61 11.66 12.02 12.25 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28 9.99 9.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.9 77.5 76.7 76.5 73.1 69.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.84 11.32 9.55 8.70 8.54 7.93 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 12.8 13.9 13.2 13.1 13.4 12.5 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.44 8.66 7.86 6.34 6.11 5.64 1994-2012

445

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.61 8.72 3.43 3.84 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.55 8.88 7.86 6.76 6.27 5.36 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.08 14.09 13.39 11.53 11.46 11.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.51 10.56 8.44 7.28 7.44 6.38 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 4.2 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012

446

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.80 8.28 5.62 5.69 5.27 4.84 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.76 11.91 9.83 9.57 9.54 9.46 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81 7.55 7.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 77.7 75.8 72.5 72.0 72.1 72.3 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.56 9.32 6.23 6.10 5.78 4.70 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 6.5 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.2 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 11.68 -- -- -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 7.73 W W W W 3.84 1997-2012

447

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.78 9.84 7.61 6.46 5.80 5.18 1984-2012 Residential Price 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.70 10.57 6.48 6.64 5.57 4.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 24.0 27.2 27.9 23.7 23.5 22.1 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012

448

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.32 10.34 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.34 10.29 8.29 7.74 7.04 6.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.99 17.18 14.85 14.53 13.81 13.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 87.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68 10.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 65.3 57.9 56.9 52.1 50.0 48.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 14.83 15.23 12.07 10.41 10.14 9.82 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 29.9 20.6 21.1 19.4 20.6 17.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.84 13.80 12.99 12.48 4.28 14.81 1990-2012

449

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.35 10.39 7.81 7.04 6.28 5.52 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.66 16.22 14.74 12.90 12.46 11.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 48.5 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.64 12.09 9.19 8.23 9.86 9.58 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.4 5.7 4.5 3.8 2.0 1.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.83 8.30 5.15 3.76 3.40 7.96 1990-2012

450

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.83 8.94 5.59 5.52 4.97 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.29 12.65 10.81 8.63 9.46 8.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 94.5 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.1 77.9 73.9 72.5 70.2 67.5 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.45 10.48 6.91 5.65 6.53 6.19 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.4 6.7 7.0 5.6 3.5 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.09 7.94 4.08 5.19 13.24 12.29 1990-2012

451

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.97 9.73 5.76 5.49 5.07 3.93 1984-2012 Residential Price 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 97.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.56 11.72 9.41 8.33 8.07 6.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

452

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.67 10.24 6.81 6.58 5.92 5.12 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.39 17.85 14.81 14.93 13.83 14.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 96.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.54 12.63 8.44 9.60 9.16 8.83 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 50.0 47.3 37.5 31.1 31.0 32.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Electric Power Price 7.81 10.48 4.89 5.70 5.09 3.99 1997-2012

453

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.27 5.33 4.00 4.92 1979-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.14 8.82 7.79 6.78 5.84 5.21 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.65 13.89 14.52 12.49 11.76 11.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10 9.60 8.91 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.5 98.5 98.4 97.4 97.4 96.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.30 9.07 9.70 7.05 6.84 5.87 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 21.8 20.1 18.9 17.1 17.1 16.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.59 8.03 7.11 5.61 4.23 4.57 1992-2012

454

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.57 6.94 3.21 3.96 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.23 6.98 5.09 5.26 4.94 4.26 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 9.77 8.80 8.13 8.25 8.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.21 8.76 6.57 5.84 6.42 5.79 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.5 0.6 0.5 5.2 7.5 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012

455

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.69 6.85 3.16 4.23 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.27 8.85 6.12 6.08 5.53 4.74 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.97 13.00 11.10 10.61 9.93 10.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65 8.89 8.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 64.8 64.9 65.7 66.0 62.6 59.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.17 9.42 4.59 5.49 5.28 3.95 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.9 7.8 6.7 7.0 9.5 8.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- 9.87 9.00 1994-2012

456

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commodity (e.g. , fuel oil for home heating; gasoline forthan does oil used for home heating (different commodity,derived from crude oil, such as home heating fuel. a) to f)

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commodity (e.g. , fuel oil for home heating; gasoline forthan does oil used for home heating (different commodity,derived from crude oil, such as home heating fuel. a) to f)

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

October 2009Rethinking Real Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the …rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real time pricing (RTP). I …nd that enrolled households are statistically signi…cantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o¤-peak times. Welfare analysis suggests that program households were not su ˘ ciently price elastic to generate e ˘ ciency gains that substantially outweigh the estimated costs of the advanced electricity meters required to observe hourly consumption. Although in electricity pricing, congestion pricing, and many other settings, economists’intuition is that prices should be aligned with marginal costs, residential RTP may provide an important real-world example of a situation where this is not currently welfare-enhancing given contracting or information costs.

Hunt Allcott; Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Monthly petroleum product price report  

SciTech Connect

Monthly report supplies national weighted average prices on a monthly basis at different levels of the marketing chain, for petroleum products sold by refiners, large resellers, gas plant operators, and importers. Data are for the year to date and previous year. Some historic data are included to indicate trends. Gasoline price data are collected from retail gasoline dealers. Heating oil prices come from sellers of heating oil to ultimate consumers. A glossary of petroleum products is appended. Petroleum products include motor gasoline, distillate fuel oil, diesel fuel, heating oil, residual fuel oil, aviation fuel, kerosene, petrochemical feedstocks, propane, butane, ethane, and natural gasoline. 12 tables.

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forecasts of U.S. coal minemouth prices and total U.S. coalInverse Price Elasticities for Gas, Coal, and implicitdisplace coal over time, muting the impact on gas prices. As

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Optimization Online - Credit Price Optimisation within Retail Banking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 29, 2013 ... Abstract: The willingness of a customer to pay for a product or service is mathematically captured by a so-called price elasticity model.

462

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phillip Price Phil Price Sustainable Energy Systems Group Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720...

463

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and diesel price estimates from the Energy Information Administration Understanding Gas Prices Photo of gasoline receipt What determines the cost of gasoline? What's the...

464

Today in Energy - Daily Prices - Prices - U.S. Energy Information  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 20, 2013Daily Prices December 20, 2013Daily Prices Daily wholesale and retail prices for various energy products are shown below, including spot prices and select futures prices at national or regional levels. Prices are updated each weekday (excluding federal holidays), typically between 7:30 and 8:30 a.m. This page is meant to provide a snapshot of selected daily prices only. Prices are republished by EIA with permission as follows: Wholesale Spot Petroleum Prices from Thomson Reuters, Retail Petroleum Prices from AAA Fuel Gauge Report, Prompt-Month Energy Futures from CME Group, and Select Spot Prices from SNL Energy. Daily Prices Wholesale Spot Petroleum Prices, 12/19/13 Close Product Area Price Percent Change* Crude Oil ($/barrel) WTI 98.40 +0.8 Brent 110.78 +1.1 Louisiana Light 108.27 +4.9

465

New Fuel Economy and Environment Label - How does a QR code work...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrids Hybrids Diesels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Frequently Asked Questions Gasoline Prices Local Prices State and Metro Area Prices National & Regional Prices Questions About...

466

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

same end use) or natural gas used for power generation (samepower generation use COMMODITIES TO Input commodity Residual fuel Coal Natural gas

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

same end use) or natural gas used for power generation (samepower generation use COMMODITIES TO Input commodity Residual fuel Coal Natural gas

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas combined-cycle and combustion turbine power plantsnatural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plants

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Diesel prices continue to decrease nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to decrease nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.95 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago...

470

Cost-effectiveness of controlling emissions for various alternative-fuel vehicle types, with vehicle and fuel price subsidies estimated on the basis of monetary values of emission reductions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emission-control cost-effectiveness is estimated for ten alternative-fuel vehicle (AFV) types (i.e., vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline, M85 flexible-fuel vehicles [FFVs], M100 FFVs, dedicated M85 vehicles, dedicated M100 vehicles, E85 FFVS, dual-fuel liquefied petroleum gas vehicles, dual-fuel compressed natural gas vehicles [CNGVs], dedicated CNGVs, and electric vehicles [EVs]). Given the assumptions made, CNGVs are found to be most cost-effective in controlling emissions and E85 FFVs to be least cost-effective, with the other vehicle types falling between these two. AFV cost-effectiveness is further calculated for various cases representing changes in costs of vehicles and fuels, AFV emission reductions, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions, among other factors. Changes in these parameters can change cost-effectiveness dramatically. However, the rank of the ten AFV types according to their cost-effectiveness remains essentially unchanged. Based on assumed dollars-per-ton emission values and estimated AFV emission reductions, the per-vehicle monetary value of emission reductions is calculated for each AFV type. Calculated emission reduction values ranged from as little as $500 to as much as $40,000 per vehicle, depending on AFV type, dollar-per-ton emission values, and baseline gasoline vehicle emissions. Among the ten vehicle types, vehicles fueled with reformulated gasoline have the lowest per-vehicle value, while EVs have the highest per-vehicle value, reflecting the magnitude of emission reductions by these vehicle types. To translate the calculated per-vehicle emission reduction values to individual AFV users, AFV fuel or vehicle price subsidies are designed to be equal to AFV emission reduction values. The subsidies designed in this way are substantial. In fact, providing the subsidies to AFVs would change most AFV types from net cost increases to net cost decreases, relative to conventional gasoline vehicles.

Wang, M.Q.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maps and Data  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel Cell Vehicles Natural Gas | Natural Gas Vehicles Propane | Propane Vehicles Emerging Fuels Fuel Prices Clean...

472

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #645: October 18, 2010 Price...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: October 18, 2010 Price of Diesel Fuel versus Gasoline in Europe to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 645: October 18, 2010 Price of Diesel Fuel versus...

473

PriceTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Prices and Expenditures 111 R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y to estimate prices for 1970 through 1989. The 1980 Census division resi- dential wood prices are adjusted in proportion to the changes in U.S. av- erage residential distillate fuel oil prices each year compared to the 1980 distillate fuel oil price. The Census division estimated prices are assigned to the states within each Census division for 1970 through 1989. The four Census region average prices for residential wood from RECS 1993 are used to estimate prices for 1990 forward. The 1993 Census division wood prices are adjusted in proportion to the changes in U.S. average residen- tial distillate fuel oil prices each year compared to the 1990 distillate fuel oil price. The estimated Census region wood prices are assigned to the states within each Census region for 1990 forward. Btu Prices, All Years Prices in dollars per cord are

474

INCORPORATING THE EFFECT OF PRICE CHANGES ON CO2- EQUIVALENT EMSSIONS FROM ALTERNATIVE-FUEL LIFECYCLES: SCOPING THE ISSUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unit shift in the natural-gas demand curve (as an example)of natural gas); b) estimate the supply and demand curveslike fuels from natural gas will shift the demand curve for

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Incorporating the Effect of Price Changes on CO2-Equivalent Emissions From Alternative-Fuel Lifecycles: Scoping the Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unit shift in the natural-gas demand curve (as an example)of natural gas); b) estimate the supply and demand curveslike fuels from natural gas will shift the demand curve for

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Distillate and Spot Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. The price for distillate fuel oil tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall in 1997 and 1998. Distillate prices have also followed crude oil prices up since the beginning of 1999. Actual data show heating oil prices on the East Coast in June at $1.20 per gallon, up 39 cents over last June. However, if heating oil prices are following diesel, they may be up another 5 cents in August. That would put heating oil prices about 40 cents over last August prices. Crude oil prices are only up about 25 cents in August over year ago levels. The extra 15 cents represents improved refiner margins due in part to the very low distillate inventory level.

477

CA Problem is Price - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The basic California problem concerning heavy crude oil is price. With the reported cost of the natural-gas-fueled steam for extracting the crude sometimes being as ...

478

Average Residential Price - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January 2011 ...

479

Natural Gas Wellhead Price - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January 2011 ...

480

Price of Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January 2011 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel price elasticity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross...

482

Estimating Firm-Level Demand at a Price Comparison Site: Accounting for Shoppers and the Number of Competitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ellison, “Search, Obfuscation, and Price Elasticities on theMorgan, and Patrick Scholten, “Price Dispersion in the SmallEvidence from an Internet Price Comparison Site,”Journal of

Baye, Michael; GATTI, RUPERT J; Kattuman, Paul; Morgan, John

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Diesel prices continue to fall  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to fall The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.09 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly...

484

Diesel prices continue to rise  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to rise The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly...

485

Diesel prices up this week  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices up this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose sharply to 4.10 a gallon on Monday. That's up 8.2 cents from a week ago and 17.7 cents...

486

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

last week to 3.92 per gallon. That's down 11 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The price for...

487

Residential heating oil prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

last week to 3.96 per gallon. That's down 2.6 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The price for...

488

Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The public is probably more knowledgeable about what they pay for gasoline than about anything else they use regularly. Most Americans are bombarded several times a day with the price of gasoline. Many people who phone our office don't only want to know why prices have risen, but why their prices are different than prices in some other area - the gasoline station two blocks away, the average price quoted on the news, the price their uncle is paying in a different region of the country. This chart shows some of the different state averages for a specific month. Besides taxes, these differences are due to factors such as distance from refining sources, and mix of reformulated versus conventional fuels. What this snapshot does not show,is that all of these prices can

489

AF Price Newsletter 11-1-00  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Nation Nation November 1, 2000 his is the second issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you up to date on the price of alternative fuels in the U.S. and their relation to gasoline and diesel prices. This issue discusses prices that were gathered during the week of October 9, 2000, with comparisons to the prices in the previous Price Report for the week of April 10, 2000. Gasoline and Diesel Prices asoline averaged $1.541 per gallon nationwide during the week of October 9, 2000. This represents an increase of $0.025 per gallon from the previous Price Report (April 2000), as illustrated in the table to the right. Prices for the various regions of the country are also illustrated in this table. (A map of the regions is shown at the bottom of this page.)

490

Cheese Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cheese prices are derived from the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service Market News, the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This publication explains the process of cheese pricing. It includes information on hauling rates and freight differentials

Schwart Jr., Robert B.; Anderson, David P.; Knutson, Ronald D.

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

491

Sarah Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sarah K Price Sarah Price Energy Efficiency Standards Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-4128B (510)...

492

Marisa Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marisa Dawn Price Marisa Price Communications Office Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R3029B Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2056B (510) 495-2713...

493

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Gas Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prices Gasoline Prices for U.S. Cities Click on the map to view gas prices for cities in your state. AK VT ME NH NH MA MA RI CT CT DC NJ DE DE NY WV VA NC SC FL GA AL MS TN KY IN...

496

Oil price analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport has been in the whole history of mankind the basic and determining mover of the human society shape. It determined not only the position of towns, but also their inner design and it was also last but not least the basic element of the economic ... Keywords: GDP, deposit, fuels, history, market equilibrium, oil, oil reserves, price

Zdenek Riha; Viktorie Jirova; Marek Honcu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Juneau response to jolt confirms price elasticity  

SciTech Connect

On April 16, 2008, an avalanche cut off a critical transmission line serving Juneau, the isolated capital of Alaska. With little warning, the city of 30,000 was deprived of inexpensive hydro-generated power from a nearby reservoir. During the three months it will take to repair the line, rates would go from an average of 11 cents/kWh to 50 cents, roughly five times the US national average.Within days, power consumption was down 30 percent.

NONE

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Pricing of electricity in Indonesia  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this study are 1) to establish a sound theoretical basis for the determinants of electricity demand in Indonesia, 2) to measure the welfare losses of existing electricity pricing, and 3) to suggest a method of reducing these welfare losses. An econometric model for electricity demand is estimated using pooled time-series of fifteen regions in Indonesia covering the period 1970-1979. The short run price elasticities for both residential and industrial/business sectors are found to be inelastic, while the long run price elasticities for these sectors are found to be quite elastic with a value of -.61 for the residential sector and of -1.1 for the industrial/business sector. Income elasticity is .8 in the short run and around 1.00 for the long run. The exposure variable that captures the accessibility of electricity, has long run elasticity of 1.00 for the residential sector and less than 1.00 for the industrial/business sector. Due to distributional considerations, the 1980's electricity rate was set below its efficient level, and has created a welfare loss of Rp.8273.23 million per month. This accounts for 36.03% of the monthly electricity revenue. A rebate mechanism is recommended in this study, which provides a way to mitigate conflicting aspects of efficiency and equity.

Amarullah, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Multi-criteria comparison of fuel policies: Renewable fuel mandate, fuel emission-standards, and fuel carbon tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the US. Model parameter Elasticity of supply of crude oil,Oil Conventional Crude Oilsands Corn ethanol Variable Production Price Production Units mbpd $/barrel mbpd US

Rajagopal, Deepak; Hochman, G.; Zilberman, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Properties of Electricity Prices and the Drivers of Interconnector Revenue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

differences. This can be seen in Figure 1. One would expect electricity prices in the UK and the Netherlands to be driven by the cost of producing electricity from fossil fuels and electricity prices in Norway to be determined by the deviation of reservoir... in fuel prices. The consistent hourly, daily and seasonal price differences between the UK and the Netherlands are much lower. However, the stochastic price shocks in the two countries are not perfectly correlated, meaning that arbitrage opportunities...

Parail, Vladimir