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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blends to Blends to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Blends Biodiesel can be blended and used in many different concentrations, including B100 (pure biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel),

2

Fuels - Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Biodiesel * Biodiesel * Butanol * Ethanol * Hydrogen * Natural Gas * Fischer-Tropsch Batteries Cross-Cutting Assessments Engines GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Clean Diesel Fuels Background Reducing our country's dependence on foreign oil and the rising costs of crude oil are primary reasons for a renewed interest in alternative fuels for the transportation sector. Stringent emissions regulations and public concern about mobile sources of air pollution provide additional incentives to develop fuels that generate fewer emissions, potentially reducing the need for sophisticated, expensive exhaust after-treatment devices.

3

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Specifications Biodiesel produced or sold in the state, including for the purpose of blending with petroleum diesel, must meet ASTM specification D6751.

4

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Stations Photo of a biodiesel fueling station. Hundreds of biodiesel fueling stations are available in the United States.

5

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Prices Find biodiesel fuel prices and trends. Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Use to Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) may purchase biodiesel for use in IDOT vehicles through the biodiesel fuel revolving fund created in the state treasury. The fund consists of money received from the sale of Energy

7

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Basics Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Basics Related Information National Biofuels Action Plan Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit Licensed biodiesel blenders are eligible for a tax credit for special fuel, including diesel, blended with biodiesel to create a biodiesel blend. The

9

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use to Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The South Dakota Department of Transportation and employees using state diesel vehicles must stock and use fuel blends containing a minimum of 2% biodiesel (B2) that meets or exceeds the most current ASTM specification

10

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats that meet ASTM specification D6751. Blended biodiesel is a blend of biodiesel with petroleum diesel fuel so

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel is exempt from the $0.30 per gallon state motor fuel tax. Biodiesel may be blended with other fuel for use in motor vehicles, but

13

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Beginning January 1, 2014, biodiesel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel derived from used cooking oil are exempt from the state fuel

14

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and meets ASTM specification D6751-11b. A biodiesel blend is a

15

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax A private biodiesel producer that produces less than 5,000 gallons of biodiesel annually is subject to the annual state motor fuel tax. The

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Sales and use taxes apply to 80% of the proceeds from the sale of biodiesel fuel blends containing between 1% and 10% biodiesel made between July 1,

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Vehicle Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions When used as a vehicle fuel, biodiesel offers some tailpipe and considerable greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions benefits over conventional

18

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Incentive A qualified Kansas biodiesel producer is eligible for a production incentive of $0.30 per gallon of biodiesel sold. The incentive is payable

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Storage Biodiesel Storage Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Storage Regulations Underground storage tank regulations apply to all biodiesel blends with the exception of 100% biodiesel (B100). An owner changing the use of an

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Standards Biodiesel blends are considered compliant with Texas Low Emissions Diesel Fuel (TxLED) regulations if the diesel fuel is compliant with TxLED

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement At least 75% of the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) vehicles and heavy equipment that use diesel fuel must be fueled with biodiesel

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, either in pure form or mixed in any combination with petroleum-based diesel fuel. The

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement At least 20% of all diesel fuel used to fuel state agency vehicles, vessels, and construction equipment must be biodiesel. The Washington

24

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives

25

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax Municipalities, counties, or school districts producing biodiesel must file a return documenting their biodiesel production activities and pay $0.03 of

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits to Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Benefits and Considerations Biodiesel is a domestically produced, clean-burning, renewable substitute for petroleum diesel. Using biodiesel as a vehicle fuel increases energy security, improves public health and the environment, and provides safety

27

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel fuel is defined as a mono alkyl ester of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in compression-ignition engines and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751 in

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Deduction Entities and individuals that receive biodiesel consisting of 99% vegetable oil or animal fat are eligible for a tax deduction for the fuel, provided

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Refund Tax Refund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Refund A licensed distributor who pays the special fuel tax on biodiesel may claim a refund equal to $0.02 per gallon of biodiesel sold during the previous quarter if the biodiesel is made entirely from components produced in

30

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax to Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are taxed at the state motor fuel excise tax rate of $0.22 per gallon. Beginning the fiscal quarter after which a biodiesel production facility in the state reaches a name plate capacity of at least 20 million gallons per year and fully produces at least 10 million

31

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Education Biodiesel Education Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Education Grants Competitive grants are available through the Biodiesel Fuel Education Program (Section 9006) to educate governmental and private entities that

32

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Biodiesel Producer Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Requirements Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter, meets the

33

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Tax Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption An individual that produces biodiesel for personal use or use by a member of his or her immediate family is exempt from the state fuel excise tax.

34

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Labeling Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Labeling Requirement Biodiesel fuel retailers may not advertise or offer for sale fuel labeled as pure biodiesel unless the fuel contains no other type of petroleum

35

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Storage Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants The Alabama Biodiesel Incentive Program, administered by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) Energy Division,

36

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Fleet Biodiesel State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use The Missouri Biodiesel Fuel Revolving Fund uses the money generated by the sale of Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) credits to cover the incremental

37

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Sales Biodiesel Sales Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Sales Requirements It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, assist in the sale of, deliver, or permit to be sold or offered for sale any biodiesel,

38

Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

ASTM Biodiesel ASTM Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives ASTM Biodiesel Specifications These tables show selected ASTM requirements for B100 and B6 to B20. Note

39

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate Pursuant to state law, all diesel motor vehicle fuel and all other liquid fuel used to operate motor vehicle diesel engines in Massachusetts must

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel producers that produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oil feedstock are exempt from the state special fuel tax. Waste vegetable oil means used cooking oil gathered from restaurants or commercial food

42

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definitions Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as any fuel derived in whole or in part from agricultural products, animal fats, or the wastes from these products, and is suitable for use in diesel engines. A biodiesel blend is defined as any

43

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate All diesel fuel sold to state agencies, political subdivisions of the state, and public schools for use in on-road motor vehicles must contain at

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement All diesel-powered motor vehicles, light trucks, and equipment owned or leased by a state agency must operate using diesel fuel that contains a

45

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuels Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on AddThis.com... May 1, 2012 Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama " As Alabama native Helen Keller once said, 'No one has the right to consume happiness without producing it.' The same can be said of

46

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate In September 2013, the commissioners of the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, and Pollution Control Agency determined that all conditions had been satisfied to implement a 10%

47

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Price Biodiesel Price Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Price Preference A governmental body, state educational institution, or instrumentality of the state that performs essential governmental functions on a statewide or

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Station Locations to someone by E-mail Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations Find biodiesel (B20 and above) fueling stations near an address or ZIP code

49

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Equipment Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption An individual who produces biodiesel for use in that individual's private passenger vehicle is exempt from the state motor fuel excise tax. (Reference North Carolina General Statutes 105-449.88(9

52

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) may provide financial aid to school districts that use biodiesel fuel to operate school buses to

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Warranty Warranty Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Warranty Requirement All new state government diesel vehicles must have a manufacturer's warranty that allows the use of biodiesel blends of 20% (B20) in the

54

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

55

Engineered Biosynthesis of Alternative Biodiesel Fuel - Energy ...  

While biodiesel may perform comparably to fossil-derived fuels, ... Fuel molecule size can be adjusted for either gasoline or diesel compatibility;

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

58

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit

60

Messiah College Biodiesel Fuel Generation Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

Many obvious and significant concerns arise when considering the concept of small-scale biodiesel production. Does the fuel produced meet the stringent requirements set by the commercial biodiesel industry? Is the process safe? How are small-scale producers collecting and transporting waste vegetable oil? How is waste from the biodiesel production process handled by small-scale producers? These concerns and many others were the focus of the research preformed in the Messiah College Biodiesel Fuel Generation project over the last three years. This project was a unique research program in which undergraduate engineering students at Messiah College set out to research the feasibility of small-biodiesel production for application on a campus of approximately 3000 students. This Department of Energy (DOE) funded research program developed out of almost a decade of small-scale biodiesel research and development work performed by students at Messiah College. Over the course of the last three years the research team focused on four key areas related to small-scale biodiesel production: Quality Testing and Assurance, Process and Processor Research, Process and Processor Development, and Community Education. The objectives for the Messiah College Biodiesel Fuel Generation Project included the following: 1. Preparing a laboratory facility for the development and optimization of processors and processes, ASTM quality assurance, and performance testing of biodiesel fuels. 2. Developing scalable processor and process designs suitable for ASTM certifiable small-scale biodiesel production, with the goals of cost reduction and increased quality. 3. Conduct research into biodiesel process improvement and cost optimization using various biodiesel feedstocks and production ingredients.

Zummo, Michael M; Munson, J; Derr, A; Zemple, T; Bray, S; Studer, B; Miller, J; Beckler, J; Hahn, A; Martinez, P; Herndon, B; Lee, T; Newswanger, T; Wassall, M

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Biodiesel and Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines

62

Biodiesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases.

63

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

65

Jet Fuel from Bio-Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jet Fuel from Bio-Diesel Background Due to concerns with limited resources of petroleum-based fuels, the demand for using renewable feedstocks, such as vegetable oils and animal...

66

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Blend Purchase Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement Diesel fuel that the New Hampshire Department of Transportation

67

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit Qualified biodiesel and green diesel producers are eligible for a tax credit of $0.01 per gallon of biodiesel or green diesel fuels produced.

68

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Partnerships Spark Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on

69

Biodiesel and Other Renewable Diesel Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Present federal tax incentives apply to certain types of biomass-derived diesel fuels, which in energy policy and tax laws are described either as renewable diesel or biodiesel. To understand the distinctions between these diesel types it is necessary to understand the technologies used to produce them and the properties of the resulting products. This fact sheet contains definitions of renewable and biodiesel and discusses the processes used to convert biomass to diesel fuel and the properties of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels.

Not Available

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption Biodiesel blends of at least 20% (B20) that are used for personal, noncommercial use by the individual that produced the biodiesel portion of

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit A biodiesel facility may receive a credit of $0.075 per gallon of biodiesel

72

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit A biodiesel producer that produces at least 100,000 gallons of biodiesel

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Digg

74

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specification to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specification Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

75

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specifications Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised only of mono-alkyl esters

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Biodiesel Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption Motor fuels sold to an ethanol or biodiesel production facility and motor

78

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

79

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use in Biodiesel Use in School Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use in School Buses The South Carolina Department of Education must fuel state school bus fleets with biodiesel when feasible. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws

80

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

This incentive is available through June 30, 2013, and funding must be appropriated each year. (Reference Tennessee Code 67-3-103 and 67-3-423) Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Tax Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund A biodiesel producer may apply for a refund of Iowa state sales or use taxes paid on purchases. To qualify, the producer must be registered with

82

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Quality Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures Each biodiesel or other renewable diesel producer, distributor, or importer

83

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

84

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit A biodiesel producer located in Indiana may receive a credit of $1.00 per gallon of biodiesel produced and used in biodiesel blends. The Indiana

85

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate All state-owned diesel fueling facilities must provide fuel containing at

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Distributor Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

87

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alabama City Leads Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on AddThis.com... July 21, 2012 Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol L earn how the City of Hoover uses biodiesel and ethanol to fuel municipal

88

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Advanced Vehicle Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com...

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blender Tax Blender Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit A licensed fuel supplier who blends biodiesel or green diesel with diesel fuel may claim an income tax credit of $0.05 per gallon for fuel containing

90

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Alabama laws and incentives

91

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Truck Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on AddThis.com... Dec. 31, 2009 Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree F ollow the Capitol Christmas Tree from Arizona to Washington, D.C., aboard

92

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Tax Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit A biodiesel blender located in Indiana may receive a credit of $0.02 per gallon of blended biodiesel produced at a facility located in Indiana. The

93

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

94

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Alaska laws and incentives related

95

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Michigan laws and incentives

96

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives

97

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

98

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Oregon laws and incentives related

99

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Montana laws and incentives

100

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Use Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement Any diesel-powered vehicle the state, county or local government, school district, community college, public college or university, or mass transit

102

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Kansas laws and incentives related

103

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Illinois laws and incentives

104

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Colorado laws and incentives

105

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Kentucky laws and incentives

106

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

107

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Feedstock Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption Waste vegetable oil, specifically cooking oil gathered from restaurants or

108

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Virginia laws and incentives

109

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Oklahoma laws and incentives

110

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Indiana laws and incentives

111

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Nebraska laws and incentives

112

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Louisiana laws and incentives

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Washington laws and incentives

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Minnesota laws and incentives

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Wisconsin laws and incentives

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Nevada laws and incentives related

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Missouri laws and incentives

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Florida laws and incentives

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Arizona laws and incentives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit

122

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blending Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit A tax credit is available for up to 30% of the cost of purchasing or

123

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all California laws and incentives

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Arkansas laws and incentives

125

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Vermont laws and incentives

126

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and...

127

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ohio Laws and...

128

Impact of Biodiesel on Fuel System Component Durability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study of the effects of biodiesel blends on fuel system components and the physical characteristics of elastomer materials.

Terry, B.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Income Tax Income Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Income Tax Credit A taxpayer that delivers pure, unblended biodiesel (B100) into the tank of a vehicle or uses B100 as an on-road fuel in their trade or business may be

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mixture Mixture Excise Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit A biodiesel blender that is registered with the Internal Revenue Service

131

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Seattle Bakery Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on AddThis.com... Jan. 19, 2013 Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks D iscover how Essential Baking Company in Seattle, Washington, relies on

132

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Tax Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of the cost of qualified equipment used for storing or blending biodiesel with

133

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Requirement Requirement for School Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses Every school bus that is capable of operating on diesel fuel must be

134

Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

License Exemptions for License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on AddThis.com...

135

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Excise Tax Exemption Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

136

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of

137

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Sales Sales Equipment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit Qualified retailers may be eligible for a corporate income tax credit of

138

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Ethanol and Ethanol Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications Ethanol-blended gasoline must conform to ASTM D4814, E85 must conform to

139

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Propane Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on AddThis.com... Oct. 2, 2009

140

Biodiesel from Microalgae: Complementarity in a Fuel Development Strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel produces fewer pollutants than petroleum diesel, and is virtually free of sulfur. These properties make biodiesel an attractive candidate to facilitate compliance with the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). This fuel is ordinarily considered to be derived from oilseeds, but an essentially identical biodiesel can be made from microalgae.

Brown, L. M.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Biodiesel: The clean, green fuel for diesel engines (fact sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Natural, renewable resources such as vegetable oils and recycled restaurant greases can be chemically transformed into clean-burning biodiesel fuels. As its name implies, biodiesel is like diesel fuel except that it's organically produced. It's also safe for the environment, biodegradable, and produces significantly less air pollution than diesel fuel.

Tyson, K.S.

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

142

Kinetic Modeling of Combustion Characteristics of Real Biodiesel Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel fuels are of much interest today either for replacing or blending with conventional fuels for automotive applications. Predicting engine effects of using biodiesel fuel requires accurate understanding of the combustion characteristics of the fuel, which can be acquired through analysis using reliable detailed reaction mechanisms. Unlike gasoline or diesel that consists of hundreds of chemical compounds, biodiesel fuels contain only a limited number of compounds. Over 90% of the biodiesel fraction is composed of 5 unique long-chain C{sub 18} and C{sub 16} saturated and unsaturated methyl esters. This makes modeling of real biodiesel fuel possible without the need for a fuel surrogate. To this end, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed for determining the combustion characteristics of a pure biodiesel (B100) fuel, applicable from low- to high-temperature oxidation regimes. This model has been built based on reaction rate rules established in previous studies at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Computed results are compared with the few fundamental experimental data that exist for biodiesel fuel and its components. In addition, computed results have been compared with experimental data for other long-chain hydrocarbons that are similar in structure to the biodiesel components.

Naik, C V; Westbrook, C K

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

143

Biodiesel--Clean, Green Diesel Fuel: Great Fleet Fuel Gaining Popularity Rapidly  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A fact sheet that answers common questions about Biodiesel, including use, safety, and environmental questions.

Tyson, K.S.

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

144

Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

blended with petroleum diesel. Common blends include B2 (2% biodiesel), B5, and B20. Most vehicle manufacturers approve blends up to B5, and some approve blends up to B20. Check...

145

Investigation of impact of fuel injection strategy and biodiesel fueling on engine emissions and performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Both biodiesel fueling and changes of fuel injection pressure have significant impacts on diesel engine emissions. The investigations of their impacts on engine exhaust NOx (more)

Ye, Peng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Improved Soybean Oil for Biodiesel Fuel  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program was to generate information on the utility of soybean germplasm that produces oil, high in oleic acid and low in saturated fatty acids, for its use as a biodiesel. Moreover, data was ascertained on the quality of the derived soybean meal (protein component), and the agronomic performance of this novel soybean germplasm. Gathering data on these later two areas is critical, with respect to the first, soybean meal (protein) component is a major driver for commodity soybean, which is utilized as feed supplements in cattle, swine, poultry and more recently aquaculture production. Hence, it is imperative that the resultant modulation in the fatty acid profile of the oil does not compromise the quality of the derived meal, for if it does, the net value of the novel soybean will be drastically reduced. Similarly, if the improved oil trait negative impacts the agronomics (i.e. yield) of the soybean, this in turn will reduce the value of the trait. Over the course of this program oil was extruded from approximately 350 bushels of soybean designated 335-13, which produces oil high in oleic acid (>85%) and low in saturated fatty acid (<6%). As predicted improvement in cold flow parameters were observed as compared to standard commodity soybean oil. Moreover, engine tests revealed that biodiesel derived from this novel oil mitigated NOx emissions. Seed quality of this soybean was not compromised with respect to total oil and protein, nor was the amino acid profile of the derived meal as compared to the respective control soybean cultivar with a conventional fatty acid profile. Importantly, the high oleic acid/low saturated fatty acids oil trait was not impacted by environment and yield was not compromised. Improving the genetic potential of soybean by exploiting the tools of biotechnology to improve upon the lipid quality of the seed for use in industrial applications such as biodiesel will aid in expanding the market for the crop. This in turn, may lead to job creation in rural areas of the country and help stimulate the agricultural economy. Moreover, production of soybean with enhanced oil quality for biodiesel may increase the attractiveness of this renewable, environmentally friendly fuel.

Tom Clemente; Jon Van Gerpen

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

147

BioFacts: Fueling a stronger economy, Biodiesel. Revision 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a substitute for or an additive to diesel fuel that is derived from the oils and fats of plants. It is an alternative fuel that can be used in diesel engines and provides power similar to conventional diesel fuel. It is a biodegradable transportation fuel that contributes little, if any, net carbon dioxide or sulfur to the atmosphere, and is low in particulate emission. It is a renewable, domestically produced liquid fuel that can help reduce US dependence on foreign oil imports. This overview presents the resource potential, history, processing techniques, US DOE programs cost and utilization potential of biodiesel fuels.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Biodiesel fuels could reduce dependence on foreign oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

this article reports on a test project by the University of Nebraska and Kansas State University which examines the effects of ester-blend biodiesel from tallow compared with conventional diesel fuel on engine performance, durability, and emissions.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Seattle Biodiesel (aka Seattle BioFuels) Place Seattle, Washington Sector Renewable Energy Product Subsidiary of Imperium Renewables which operates the 19m liter Seattle biodiesel plant. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

150

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all New Mexico laws and incentives

151

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New York Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all New York laws and incentives

152

Detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms for soy and rapeseed biodiesel fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

properties between the two biodiesel fuels, derived from soy and rapeseed oils, are traced to the differencesDetailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms for soy and rapeseed biodiesel fuels C.K. Westbrooka chemical kinetic reaction mechanism is developed for the five major components of soy biodiesel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

St. Louis Airport St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: St. Louis Airport Relies on Biodiesel and Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com...

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Refund for Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

155

Operation of a solid oxide fuel cell on biodiesel with a partial oxidation reformer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Energy Technology Laboratorys Office of Research & Development (NETL/ORD) has successfully demonstrated the operation of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) using reformed biodiesel. The biodiesel for the project was produced and characterized by West Virginia State University (WVSU). This project had two main aspects: 1) demonstrate a catalyst formulation on monolith for biodiesel fuel reforming; and 2) establish SOFC stack test stand capabilities. Both aspects have been completed successfully. For the first aspect, inhouse patented catalyst specifications were developed, fabricated and tested. Parametric reforming studies of biofuels provided data on fuel composition, catalyst degradation, syngas composition, and operating parameters required for successful reforming and integration with the SOFC test stand. For the second aspect, a stack test fixture (STF) for standardized testing, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) for the Solid Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Program, was engineered and constructed at NETL. To facilitate the demonstration of the STF, NETL employed H.C. Starck Ceramics GmbH & Co. (Germany) anode supported solid oxide cells. In addition, anode supported cells, SS441 end plates, and cell frames were transferred from PNNL to NETL. The stack assembly and conditioning procedures, including stack welding and sealing, contact paste application, binder burn-out, seal-setting, hot standby, and other stack assembly and conditioning methods were transferred to NETL. In the future, fuel cell stacks provided by SECA or other developers could be tested at the STF to validate SOFC performance on various fuels. The STF operated on hydrogen for over 1000 hrs before switching over to reformed biodiesel for 100 hrs of operation. Combining these first two aspects led to demonstrating the biodiesel syngas in the STF. A reformer was built and used to convert 0.5 ml/min of biodiesel into mostly hydrogen and carbon monoxide (syngas.) The syngas was fed to the STF and fuel cell stack. The results presented in this experimental report document one of the first times a SOFC has been operated on syngas from reformed biodiesel.

Siefert, N, Shekhawat, D.; Gemmen, R.; Berry, D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Analysis of the Social, Economic, and Environmental Effects of Replacing Petroleum-Based Fuels with Biodiesel Fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Purpose of the Study: Biofuels are a category of alternative fuels derived from organic matter. Biodiesel, a lipid oil-based biofuel, is produced from oilseed crops. (more)

Johnson, Shirley J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Biodiesel Performance, Costs, and Use  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Biodiesel fuel for diesel engines is produced from vegetable oil or animal fat by the chemical process of esterification. This paper presents a brief history of diesel engine technology and an overview of biodiesel, including performance characteristics, economics, and potential demand. The performance and economics of biodiesel are compared with those of petroleum diesel.

Information Center

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

American Biodiesel and Community Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Fuels Community Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name American Biodiesel and Community Fuels Address 336 Encinitas Blvd Place Encinitas, California Zip 92024 Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels research and development Website http://www.communityfuels.com/ Coordinates 33.049599°, -117.284752° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.049599,"lon":-117.284752,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

159

Biodiesel Package  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A special collection of books and CD-ROMS on the topic of biodiesel. Biodiesel Package Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts Value Packages AOCS Press This Value Package includes: ...

160

Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Biotown, USA Biotown, Indiana Vídeo Windows Media (9.5 MB) Vídeo Quicktime (4.0 MB) Versión de Texto Ícono de Adobe Acrobat El biodiesel es una forma de diesel fabricado de aceites vegetales, grasa animal o grasa reciclada de restaurantes. Es seguro, biodegradable, y produce menos contaminantes de aire que el diesel a base de petróleo. El combustible biodiesel se puede usar en forma pura (B100) o mezclados con diesel de petróleo. Las mezclas más comunes son B2 (2% de biodiesel), B5 y B20. La mayoría de los fabricantes aprueban las mezclas de hasta B5, y unos pocos aprueban mezclas de hasta B20. Corrobore en el manual de su auto o con su fabricante para determinar la mezcla más adecuada para su vehículo, ya que usar la mezcla equivocada puede dañar el motor de su

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Industrial Uses of Vegetable OilsChapter 4 Biodiesel: An Alternative Diesel Fuel from Vegetable Oils or Animal Fats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial Uses of Vegetable Oils Chapter 4 Biodiesel: An Alternative Diesel Fuel from Vegetable Oils or Animal Fats Processing eChapters Processing Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Biodiesel: An Alternative Di

162

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 2 History of Vegetable Oil-Based Diesel Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 2 History of Vegetable Oil-Based Diesel Fuels Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 2

163

Performance and emission studies on biodiesel-liquefied petroleum gas dual fuel engine with exhaust gas recirculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel to diesel derived from vegetable oils by transesterification process. It can be used in diesel engines with/without any modification in the engine system. Biodiesel engines emit slightly higher NO x emissions

A. S. Ramadhas; S. Jayaraj; C. Muraleedharan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 6 Fuel Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 6 Fuel Properties Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters AOCS FE0CACF5356BC6A1E7D5EE6959FF71DA Press Downloadable pdf...

165

Impacts of Biodiesel Fuel Blends Oil Dilution on Light-Duty Diesel Engine Operation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Assesses oil dilution impacts on a diesel engine operating with a diesel particle filter, NOx storage, a selective catalytic reduction emission control system, and a soy-based 20% biodiesel fuel blend.

Thornton, M. J.; Alleman, T. L.; Luecke, J.; McCormick, R. L.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Biodiesel research progress 1992-1997  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fuels Development began evaluating the potential of various alternative fuels, including biodiesel, as replacement fuels for traditional transportation fuels. Biodiesel is derived from a variety of biological materials from waste vegetable grease to soybean oil. This alkyl ester could be used as a replacement, blend, or additive to diesel fuel. This document is a comprehensive summary of relevant biodiesel and biodiesel-related research, development demonstration, and commercialization projects completed and/or started in the US between 1992 and 1997. It was designed for use as a reference tool to the evaluating biodiesel`s potential as a clean-burning alternative motor fuel. It encompasses, federally, academically, and privately funded projects. Research projects are presented under the following topical sections: Production; Fuel characteristics; Engine data; Regulatory and legislative activities; Commercialization activities; Economics and environment; and Outreach and education.

Tyson, K.S. [ed.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Louisiana Legislature. The Board will consider the environmental and economic advantages and disadvantages of using biodiesel in school buses. (Reference House Resolution 72, 201...

168

Emissions characterization and particle size distribution from a DPF-equipped diesel truck fueled with biodiesel blends.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel may be derived from either plant or animal sources, and is usually employed as a compression ignition fuel in a blend with petroleum diesel (more)

Olatunji, Idowu O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Energy Basics: Biodiesel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE: Energy Basics Biodiesel Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. What...

170

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second edition of this invaluable handbook covers converting vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel. The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel algae algal biobased Biodiesel Biodiesel Feedstock

171

Use of an Engine Cycle Simulation to Study a Biodiesel Fueled Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the GT-Power software, an engine cycle simulation for a biodiesel fueled direct injection compression ignition engine was developed and used to study its performance and emission characteristics. The major objectives were to establish the engine model for simulation and then apply the model to study the biodiesel fueled engine and compare it to a petroleum-fueled engine. The engine model was developed corresponding to a 4.5 liter, John Deere 4045 four-cylinder diesel engine. Submodels for flow in intake/exhaust system, fuel injection, fuel vaporization and combustion, cylinder heat transfer, and energy transfer in a turbocharging system were combined with a thermodynamic analysis of the engine to yield instantaneous in-cylinder parameters and overall engine performance and emission characteristics. At selected engine operating conditions, sensitivities of engine performance and emission on engine load/speed, injection timing, injection pressure, EGR level, and compression ratio were investigated. Variations in cylinder pressure, ignition delay, bsfc, and indicated specific nitrogen dioxide were determined for both a biodiesel fueled engine and a conventional diesel fueled engine. Cylinder pressure and indicated specific nitrogen dioxide for a diesel fueled engine were consistently higher than those for a biodiesel fueled engine, while ignition delay and bsfc had opposite trends. In addition, numerical study focusing on NOx emission were also investigated by using 5 different NO kinetics. Differences in NOx prediction between kinetics ranged from 10% to 65%.

Zheng, Junnian

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The alkoxylation of biodiesel and its impact on fuel properties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A property of biodiesel that currently inhibits its use is its relatively poor low-temperature properties, most commonly expressed as cloud point. Improving the low-temperature properties (more)

Smith, Paul Craig

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Prediction of performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fueled with biodiesel produced from waste frying palm oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel is receiving increasing attention each passing day because of its fuel properties and compatibility with the petroleum-based diesel fuel (PBDF). Therefore, in this study, the prediction of the engine performance and exhaust emissions is carried ... Keywords: ANN, Biodiesel, Diesel engine, Emissions, Engine performance

Mustafa Canakci; Ahmet Necati Ozsezen; Erol Arcaklioglu; Ahmet Erdil

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines: Task 2 Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL tested Philippines coconut biodiesel samples of neat and blended fuels. Results show that the current fuel quality standards were met with very few exceptions. Additional testing is recommended.

Alleman, T. L.; McCormick, R. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Soybean and Coconut Biodiesel Fuel Effects on Combustion Characteristics in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated the effects of soybean- and coconut-derived biodiesel fuels on combustion characteristics in a 1.7-liter direct injection, common rail diesel engine. Five sets of fuels were studied: 2007 ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), 5% and 20% volumetric blends of soybean biodiesel with ULSD (soybean B5 and B20), and 5% and 20% volumetric blends of coconut biodiesel with ULSD (coconut B5 and B20). In conventional diesel combustion mode, particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NO/dx) emissions were similar for all fuels studied except soybean B20. Soybean B20 produced the lowest PM but the highest NO/dx emissions. Compared with conventional diesel combustion mode, high efficiency clean combustion (HECC) mode, achieved by increased EGR and combustion phasing, significantly reduced both PM and NO/dx emissions for all fuels studied at the expense of higher hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions and an increase in fuel consumption (less than 4%). ULSD, soybean B5, and coconut B5 showed no difference in exhaust emissions. However, PM emissions increased slightly for soybean B20 and coconut B20. NO/dx emissions increased significantly for soybean B20, while those for coconut B20 were comparable to ULSD. Differences in the chemical and physical properties of soybean and coconut biodiesel fuels compared with ULSD, such as higher fuel-borne oxygen, greater viscosity, and higher boiling temperatures, play a key role in combustion processes and, therefore, exhaust emissions. Furthermore, the highly unsaturated ester composition in soybean biodiesel can be another factor in the increase of NO/dx emissions.

Han, Manbae [ORNL; Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Sluder, Scott [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Characterization of exhaust emissions from palm oil-based and soybean oil-based biodiesel fueled heavy-duty transit buses.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel blends offer a renewable energy fueling option for compression-ignition internal combustion engines. Typically, biodiesel blended at or less than 20% (B20), by volume, will (more)

Efaw, Trampas J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 3 The Basics of Diesel Engines and Diesel Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 3 The Basics of Diesel Engines and Diesel Fuels Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters AOCS 14987AFD8C4C7FBFCBA3FD4D98DB9DC5 Press ...

178

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 10 Other Alternative Diesel Fuels from Vegetable Oils ande Animal Fats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 10 Other Alternative Diesel Fuels from Vegetable Oils ande Animal Fats Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters AOCS F4C73AF32C5BD3F02A46C8467BF15904 Press

179

Investigation of Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature Combustion Strategies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In accordance with meeting DOE technical targets this research was aimed at developing and optimizing new fuel injection technologies and strategies for the combustion of clean burning renewable fuels in diesel engines. In addition a simultaneous minimum 20% improvement in fuel economy was targeted with the aid of this novel advanced combustion system. Biodiesel and other renewable fuels have unique properties that can be leveraged to reduce emissions and increase engine efficiency. This research is an investigation into the combustion characteristics of biodiesel and its impacts on the performance of a Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) engine, which is a novel engine configuration that incorporates technologies and strategies for simultaneously reducing NOx and particulate emissions while increasing engine efficiency. Generating fundamental knowledge about the properties of biodiesel and blends with petroleum-derived diesel and their impact on in-cylinder fuel atomization and combustion processes was an important initial step to being able to optimize fuel injection strategies as well as introduce new technologies. With the benefit of this knowledge experiments were performed on both optical and metal LTC engines in which combustion and emissions could be observed and measured under realistic conditions. With the aid these experiments and detailed combustion models strategies were identified and applied in order to improve fuel economy and simultaneously reduce emissions.

Chia-fon F. Lee; Alan C. Hansen

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

is a domestically produced, is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufac- tured from new and used vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled restaurant grease. Biodiesel's physical properties are similar to those of petroleum diesel, but it is a cleaner-burning alternative. Using biodiesel in place of petroleum diesel significantly reduces emissions of toxic air pollutants. What is a biodiesel blend? Biodiesel can be blended and used in many different concentrations, includ- ing B100 (pure biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel), B5 (5% biodiesel, 95% petroleum diesel), and B2 (2% biodiesel, 98% petroleum diesel). B20 is a common biodiesel blend in the United States. Can I use B20 in my vehicle's diesel engine? For vehicles manufactured after 1993,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Building a Successful Biodiesel Business  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This second edition of Building a Successful Biodiesel Business includes three completely new chapters, and comes at an exciting time for everyone in the biodiesel industry Building a Successful Biodiesel Business Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel B

182

Emissions From Various Biodiesel Sources Compared to a Range of Diesel Fuels in DPF Equipped Diesel Engines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of various sources of petroleum-based and bio-based diesel fuels on regulated emissions and fuel economy in diesel particulate filter (DPF) equipped diesel engines. Two model year 2008 diesel engines were tested with nine fuels including a certification ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), local ULSD, high aromatic ULSD, low aromatic ULSD, and twenty percent blends of biodiesel derived from algae, camelina, soy, tallow, and yellow grease. Regulated emissions were measured over the heavy duty diesel transient test cycle. Measurements were also made of DPF-out particle size distribution and total particle count from a 13-mode steady state test using a fast mobility particle sizer. Test engines were a 2008 Cummins ISB and a 2008 International Maxx Force 10, both equipped with actively regenerated DPFs. Fuel consumption was roughly 2% greater over the transient test cycle for the B20 blends versus certification ULSD in both engines, consistent with the slightly lower energy content of biodiesel. Unlike studies conducted on older model engines, these engines equipped with diesel oxidation catalysts and DPFs showed small or no measurable fuel effect on the tailpipe emissions of total hydrocarbons (THC), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM). No differences in particle size distribution or total particle count were seen in a comparison of certification ULSD and B20 soy, with the exception of engine idling conditions where B20 produced a small reduction in the number of nucleation mode particles. In the Cummins engine, B20 prepared from algae, camelina, soy, and tallow resulted in an approximately 2.5% increase in nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) compared to the base fuel. The International engine demonstrated a higher degree of variability for NO{sub x} emissions, and fuel effects could not be resolved (p > 0.05). The group of petroleum diesel test fuels produced a range of NO{sub x} emissions very similar to that caused by blending of biodiesel. Test cycles where an active regeneration of the DPF occurred resulted in a nearly threefold increase in NO{sub x} emissions and a 15% increase in fuel consumption. The full quantification of DPF regeneration events further complicates the accurate calculation of fuel impacts on emissions and fuel consumption.

Williams, A.; Burton, J.; Christensen, E.; McCormick, R. L.; Tester, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Recent Advances in Detailed Chemical Kinetic Models for Large Hydrocarbon and Biodiesel Transportation Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

n-Hexadecane and 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane represent the primary reference fuels for diesel that are used to determine cetane number, a measure of the ignition property of diesel fuel. With the development of chemical kinetics models for these two primary reference fuels for diesel, a new capability is now available to model diesel fuel ignition. Also, we have developed chemical kinetic models for a whole series of large n-alkanes and a large iso-alkane to represent these chemical classes in fuel surrogates for conventional and future fuels. Methyl decanoate and methyl stearate are large methyl esters that are closely related to biodiesel fuels, and kinetic models for these molecules have also been developed. These chemical kinetic models are used to predict the effect of the fuel molecule size and structure on ignition characteristics under conditions found in internal combustion engines.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Curran, H J; Herbinet, O; Mehl, M

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Physical and chemical comparison of soot in hydrocarbon and biodiesel fuel diffusion flames: A study of model and commercial fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data are presented to compare soot formation in both surrogate and practical fatty acid methyl ester biodiesel and petroleum fuel diffusion flames. The approach here uses differential mobility analysis to follow the size distributions and electrical charge of soot particles as they evolve in the flame, and laser ablation particle mass spectrometry to elucidate their composition. Qualitatively, these soot properties exhibit a remarkably similar development along the flames. The size distributions begin as a single mode of precursor nanoparticles, evolve through a bimodal phase marking the onset of aggregate formation, and end in a self preserving mode of fractal-like particles. Both biodiesel and hydrocarbon fuels yield a common soot composition dominated by C{sub x}H{sub y}{sup +} ions, stabilomer PAHs, and fullerenes in the positive ion mass spectrum, and C{sub x}{sup -} and C{sub 2x}H{sup -} in the negative ion spectrum. These ion intensities initially grow with height in the diffusion flames, but then decline during later stages, consistent with soot carbonization. There are important quantitative differences between fuels. The surrogate biodiesel fuel methyl butanoate substantially reduces soot levels, but soot formation and evolution in this flame are delayed relative to both soy and petroleum fuels. In contrast, soots from soy and hexadecane flames exhibit nearly quantitative agreement in their size distribution and composition profiles with height, suggesting similar soot precursor chemistry. (author)

Matti Maricq, M. [Research and Advanced Engineering, Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Performance Characterization of a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine with Bio-Diesel and Petroleum Diesel Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the wake of global warming and fossil fuel depletion, renewed attention has been paid to shifting away from the use of petroleum based fuels. The world?s energy demand is commencing its dependency on alternative fuels. Such alternative fuels in use today consist of bio-alcohols (such as ethanol), hydrogen, biomass, and natural oil/fat derived fuels. However, in this study, the focus will be on the alternative fuel derived from natural oils and fats, namely biodiesel. The following study characterizes the performance of a medium-duty diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel and conventional diesel. The objective is accomplished by taking measurements of manifold pressure and temperature, fuel flow, air flow, and torque. The study first characterizes a John Deere 4.5 liter 4 cylinder direct injection engine with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), common rail fuel injection, and variable turbo-charging with conventional petroleum diesel to set a reference for comparison. The study then proceeds to characterize the differences in engine performance as a result of using biodiesel relative to conventional diesel. The results show that torque decreases with the use of biodiesel by about 10%. The evaluation of engine performance parameters shows that torque is decreased because of the lower heating value of biodiesel compared to conventional diesel. The insignificant difference between the other performance parameters shows that the ECM demands the same performance of the engine regardless of the fuel being combusted by the engine.

Esquivel, Jason

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this work was to develop a database that supports specific proposals for a stability test and specification for biodiesel and biodiesel blends. B100 samples from 19 biodiesel producers were obtained in December of 2005 and January of 2006 and tested for stability. Eight of these samples were then selected for additional study, including long-term storage tests and blending at 5% and 20% with a number of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels.

McCormick, R. L.; Westbrook, S. R.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ???¢????????grow???¢??????? this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Biodiesel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Basics Biodiesel Basics Biodiesel Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:43pm Addthis Looking for Biodiesel stations? Checkout the Alternative Fuels Data Center station locator. Biodiesel station locator Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. What is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is a liquid fuel made up of fatty acid alkyl esters, fatty acid methyl esters, or long-chain mono alkyl esters. It is produced from renewable sources such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats and is a cleaner-burning replacement for petroleum-based diesel fuel. It is nontoxic and biodegradable. Like petroleum diesel, biodiesel is used to fuel compression-ignition (diesel) engines. B20, which is 20% biodiesel and 80% petroleum diesel, is

189

A numerical investigation into the anomalous slight NOx increase when burning biodiesel; A new (old) theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the physical property differences of biodiesel, relative toin biodiesel will change the fuels physical properties suchproperties much closer to those of petroleum diesel. Biodiesel

Ban-Weiss, George A.; Chen, J.Y.; Buchholz, Bruce A.; Dibble, Robert W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Biodiesel R&D at NREL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discusses NREL's biodiesel research priorities and some current research results, including those concerning biodiesel quality and stability.

McCormick, R.; Alleman, T.; Barnitt, R.; Clark, W.; Hayes, B.; Ireland, J.; Proc, K.; Ratcliff, M.; Thornton, M.; Whitacre, S.; Williams, A.

2006-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

191

Physical properties of bio-diesel & Implications for use of bio-diesel in diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

In this study we identify components of a typical biodiesel fuel and estimate both their individual and mixed thermo-physical and transport properties. We then use the estimated mixture properties in computational simulations to gauge the extent to which combustion is modified when biodiesel is substituted for conventional diesel fuel. Our simulation studies included both regular diesel combustion (DI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI). Preliminary results indicate that biodiesel ignition is significantly delayed due to slower liquid evaporation, with the effects being more pronounced for DI than PCCI. The lower vapor pressure and higher liquid heat capacity of biodiesel are two key contributors to this slower rate of evaporation. Other physical properties are more similar between the two fuels, and their impacts are not clearly evident in the present study. Future studies of diesel combustion sensitivity to both physical and chemical properties of biodiesel are suggested.

Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Ra, Youngchul [ORNL; Griffin, Jelani K [ORNL; Reitz, Rolf [University of Wisconsin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications March 3, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis A presentation at the 2011 National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo A presentation at the 2011 National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Transforming America's transportation system to reduce our reliance on imported oil will strengthen our economy, our security and our environment. A number of solutions exist to help us break this dependence, including expanding our use of renewable fuels. I attended the National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo in Phoenix, Arizona last week to find out more about how biodiesel can help the Department of Energy (DOE) accomplish its mission.

193

Formation Kinetics of Nitric Oxide of Biodiesel Relative to Petroleum Diesel under Comparable Oxygen Equivalence Ratio in a Homogeneous Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in biodiesel has piqued with advent of stringent emissions regulations. Biodiesel is a viable substitute for petroleum diesel because biodiesel produces significantly lower particulate and soot emissions relative to petroleum diesel. Higher nitric oxide (NO) emissions for biodiesel, however, are of primary concern in biodiesel-fueled engines. Search for an in-cylinder technique to reduce NO emissions for biodiesel has motivated studies to gain an improved understanding of fundamental factors that drive increase in NO emissions with biodiesel. Potential factors include fuel-bound oxygen, fuel-bound nitrogen and post-flame gas temperature. The role of fuel-bound oxygen however is debated in the literature. The research objective of this study is to computationally determine if biodiesel and petroleum diesel yield equivalent concentrations of NO with the same oxygen equivalence ratio in a 0-D homogeneous reactor, to explain the role of fuel-bound oxygen in biodiesel on increases in NO emissions with biodiesel. The results from this study indicate that the biodiesel surrogate yields higher NO emissions than the n-heptane because of its lower oxygen consumption efficiency. The lower oxygen consumption efficiency for biodiesel is likely because of the slower decomposition of the individual components and the blending ratios of the biodiesel surrogate blend. The relative differences in combustion efficiency of individual components of the biodiesel blend suggest this conclusion. The more efficient burning of the methyl esters relative to the n-heptane in biodiesel surrogate perhaps indicates the favorable role of fuel-bound oxygen in the fuels combustion. The low utilization of oxygen by the biodiesel surrogate could not be explained in this study. The dominance of NO2 H ? NO OH and N NO ? N2 O mechanisms during biodiesel combustion however explain the high NO emissions for the biodiesel surrogate relative to the n-heptane. The biodiesel may yield lower NO emissions than the petroleum diesel if the blending ratios for the biodiesel are adjusted such that combustion efficiency of biodiesel and petroleum diesel is same or the NO2 H ? NO OH and N NO ? N2 O mechanisms are suppressed during biodiesel combustion.

Rathore, Gurlovleen K.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of biodiesel fuels blend surrogate.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms were developed and used to study the oxidation of two large unsaturated esters: methyl-5-decenoate and methyl-9-decenoate. These models were built from a previous methyl decanoate mechanism and were compared with rapeseed oil methyl esters oxidation experiments in a jet stirred reactor. A comparative study of the reactivity of these three oxygenated compounds was performed and the differences in the distribution of the products of the reaction were highlighted showing the influence of the presence and the position of a double bond in the chain. Blend surrogates, containing methyl decanoate, methyl-5-decenoate, methyl-9-decenoate and n-alkanes, were tested against rapeseed oil methyl esters and methyl palmitate/n-decane experiments. These surrogate models are realistic kinetic tools allowing the study of the combustion of biodiesel fuels in diesel and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

195

Characteristics of Emitted Carbonyl Compounds by using Biodiesel fuel with constant H2/O2 in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The emission tests were conducted under steady-state cycle condition in a heavy-duty diesel engine using 0% to 30% ratios of biodiesel fuel with constant H2/O2 (more)

Shih, Jia-Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Pacific Biodiesel: Renewable and Sustainable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meeting Meeting April 20-21, 2011 Pacific Biodiesel, Inc. Kelly King, VP Renewable and Sustainable The Pacific Biodiesel Ohana  A fuel for any diesel engine  Non-toxic and Biodegradable  Non-flammable  100% renewable / recycled  Superior lubrication  Low emissions  Ultra Low Sulfur (15 ppm)  Meets or exceeds ASTM D6751 What is Biodiesel? What biodiesel is not: * Biodiesel is not vegetable oil that has simply been filtered * Biodiesel is not a fuel that requires costly modifications to your diesel engine * Biodiesel itself does not contain any fossil fuel product (although it can be mixed with petroleum diesel at any percentage rate) * Biodiesel does not involve gasification, micro-waves or pyrolysis * Not made from starchy feedstock (ethanol)

197

Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines: Task 2 Final Report  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Analysis of Coconut-Derived Analysis of Coconut-Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines Task 2 Final Report T.L. Alleman and R.L. McCormick Milestone Report NREL/MP-540-38643 January 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Analysis of Coconut- Derived Biodiesel and Conventional Diesel Fuel Samples from the Philippines Task 2 Final Report T.L. Alleman and R.L. McCormick Prepared under Task Nos. WF3Y.1000 and FC02.0800 under an agreement between the U.S. Agency for International Development

198

Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative Biodiesel Offers a Renewable Alternative September 13, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program A few weeks ago, I visited the Montgomery County Agricultural Fair in Maryland, eager to view cute barnyard animals and eat fried food. Among the flashing lights and noisy crowd, a colorful sign caught my eye. I was surprised and pleased by its message: all of the thrill rides were running on biodiesel. As a result, the ride's engines were producing fewer emissions and using less petroleum than they would using normal diesel fuel. As Clean Cities, the area I focus on in the Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program, works to promote alternative transportation fuels including biodiesel, I was happy to see a community event using it.

199

Definition: Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel A renewable fuel that can be produced from a wide range of vegetable oils or animal fats. May be used either as a replacement for or as a component of diesel fuel. Additional technical definition: ASTM D6751 - 11b.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g. , vegetable oil, animal fat) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone, or blended with petrodiesel. Biodiesel can also be used as a low carbon

200

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Regulatory Support  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

can run on nonpetroleum fuels, including natural gas, electricity, ethanol, biodiesel, propane, and hydrogen. Under EPAct, a certain percentage of a fleet's annual new light-duty...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Clean Energy: Fuel Cells, Batteries, Renewables - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major areas of rapid advancement include fuel cells, wind, solar, and geothermal ... Hot Section Corrosion Issues in Microturbines Operating on B100 Bio-Diesel.

202

Green technology for biodiesel formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a cleaner burning fuel than diesel and a suitable replacement. It is made from non-toxic, biodegradable, renewable resources. Biodiesel can be produced in many ways. The method used in the laboratory was transesterification which is actually ... Keywords: biodiesel, parameters, rate-equation, reaction, transesterification

S. V. A. R. Sastry; A. K. Gupta; P. Ramesh

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Characterization of Biodiesel Oxidation and Oxidation Products  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Features a literature review of 130 technical references pertaining to fatty oil and fatty ester stability chemistry in biodiesel fuels.

Not Available

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Biodiesel Analytical Methods: August 2002--January 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines that is receiving great attention worldwide. The material contained in this book is intended to provide the reader with information about biodiesel engines and fuels, analytical methods used to measure fuel properties, and specifications for biodiesel quality control.

Van Gerpen, J.; Shanks, B.; Pruszko, R.; Clements, D.; Knothe, G.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Biodiesel Performance, Costs, and Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biodiesel Performance, Costs, and Use. by Anthony Radich. Introduction. The idea of using vegetable oil for fuel has been around as long as the diesel engine.

206

Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Europe » Italy Western Europe » Italy (including San Marino) Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends As occurred in many industrialized nations, CO2 emissions from Italy rose steeply since the late 1940's until the growth was abruptly terminated in 1974. Since 1974, emissions from liquid fuels have vacillated, dropping from 76% to 46% of a static but varying total. Significant increases in natural gas consumption have compensated for the drop in oil consumption. In 2008, 35.8% of Italy's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions were due to natural gas consumption. Coal usage grew steadily until 1985 when CO2 emissions from coal consumption reached 16 million metric tons of carbon. Not until 2004 did coal usage exceed 1985 levels and now accounts for 13.9% of Italy's

207

Algae Biodiesel: Commercialization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Inc. PetroAlgae Algae BioFuels Seambiotic Icon Energy LiveFuels Inc Inventure GreenFuel Technologies Biofuels & Technologies OriginOil Kwikpower International Alga Technologies Bio Fuel Systems SQC #12;A Look,Columnist, Biofuels InternationalBiofuels International HQHQ -- Houston, TXHouston, TX #12;BIODIESEL 2020: A GLOBAL

Tullos, Desiree

208

DOE News Release - DOE Funds 23 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Infrastructur...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alternative fuel infrastructure projects include 11 E85 (85 percent ethanol) projects, 8 CNG (compressed natural gas) projects, and 4 B20 (20 percent biodiesel) projects. The 12...

209

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - 2013 Vehicle Buyer's Guide...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

options, including hybrids, flex-fuel vehicles, and vehicles that run on natural gas, propane, electricity, or biodiesel. In addition to a comprehensive list of this year's...

210

Biodiesel is Working Hard in Kentucky  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This 4-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of biodiesel fuel in 6 school districts throughout Kentucky. It contains usage information for each school district, as well as contact information for local Clean Cities Coordinators and Biodiesel suppliers.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Energy Basics: Vehicles and Fuels  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

more about: Alternative Fuels Alternative Vehicles For more information on fuels made from biomass, such as ethanol or biodiesel fuels, see the Biomass section: Biodiesel Ethanol...

212

Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Soybean-Derived Biodiesel and Renewable Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this study, we used Argonne National Laboratory's Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model to assess the life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission impacts of four soybean-derived fuels: biodiesel fuel produced via transesterification, two renewable diesel fuels (I and II) produced from different hydrogenation processes, and renewable gasoline produced from catalytic cracking. Five approaches were employed to allocate the coproducts: a displacement approach; two allocation approaches, one based on the energy value and the other based on the market value; and two hybrid approaches that integrated the displacement and allocation methods. The relative rankings of soybean-based fuels in terms of energy and environmental impacts were different under the different approaches, and the reasons were analyzed. Results from the five allocation approaches showed that although the production and combustion of soybean-based fuels might increase total energy use, they could have significant benefits in reducing fossil energy use (>52%), petroleum use (>88%), and GHG emissions (>57%) relative to petroleum fuels. This study emphasized the importance of the methods used to deal with coproduct issues and provided a comprehensive solution for conducting a life-cycle assessment of fuel pathways with multiple coproducts.

Huo, H.; Wang, M.; Bloyd, C.; Putsche, V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Coalition Cooperation Defines Roadmap for E85 and Biodiesel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Clean Cities success story relates how Colorado's Colorado Biofuels Coalition was formed and provides guidance on forming other such coalitions. This Colorado's coalition sucessfully increase the number of fueling stations providing biofuels and has goals to the number even more. Plans also include assisting with financing infrastructure, making alternative fuels available to more fleets, and educating about E85 and biodiesel use.

Not Available

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Fueling the Future with Fungal Genomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

submerged cultures into biodiesel. Energy Fuels. 24 (5):Martnez S, Garre V. 2009. Biodiesel production from biomassexample, production of biodiesel from Mucor circinelloides

Grigoriev, Igor V.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Costilla County Biodiesel Pilot Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Costilla County Biodiesel Pilot Project has demonstrated the compatibility of biodiesel technology and economics on a local scale. The project has been committed to making homegrown biodiesel a viable form of community economic development. The project has benefited by reducing risks by building the facility gradually and avoiding large initial outlays of money for facilities and technologies. A primary advantage of this type of community-scale biodiesel production is that it allows for a relatively independent, local solution to fuel production. Successfully using locally sourced feedstocks and putting the fuel into local use emphasizes the feasibility of different business models under the biodiesel tent and that there is more than just a one size fits all template for successful biodiesel production.

Doon, Ben; Quintana, Dan

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

216

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Tax Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Tax Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas, have a reduced tax rate of $0.27 per gallon. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) and

217

WSF Biodiesel Demonstration Project Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2004, WSF canceled a biodiesel fuel test because of product quality issues that caused the fuel purifiers to clog. The cancelation of this test and the poor results negatively impacted the use of biodiesel in marine application in the Pacific Northwest. In 2006, The U.S. Department of Energy awarded the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency a grant to manage a scientific study investigating appropriate fuel specifications for biodiesel, fuel handling procedures and to conduct a fuel test using biodiesel fuels in WSF operations. The Agency put together a project team comprised of experts in fields of biodiesel research and analysis, biodiesel production, marine engineering and WSF personnel. The team reviewed biodiesel technical papers, reviewed the 2004 fuel test results, designed a fuel test plan and provided technical assistance during the test. The research reviewed the available information on the 2004 fuel test and conducted mock laboratory experiments, but was not able to determine why the fuel filters clogged. The team then conducted a literature review and designed a fuel test plan. The team implemented a controlled introduction of biodiesel fuels to the test vessels while monitoring the environmental conditions on the vessels and checking fuel quality throughout the fuel distribution system. The fuel test was conducted on the same three vessels that participated in the canceled 2004 test using the same ferry routes. Each vessel used biodiesel produced from a different feedstock (i.e. soy, canola and yellow grease). The vessels all ran on ultra low sulfur diesel blended with biodiesel. The percentage of biodiesel was incrementally raised form from 5 to 20 percent. Once the vessels reached the 20 percent level, they continued at this blend ratio for the remainder of the test. Fuel samples were taken from the fuel manufacturer, during fueling operations and at several points onboard each vessel. WSF Engineers monitored the performance of the fuel systems and engines. Each test vessel did experience a microbial growth bloom that produced a build up of material in the fuel purifiers similar to material witnessed in the 2004 fuel test. A biocide was added with each fuel shipment and the problem subsided. In January of 2009, the WSF successfully completed an eleven month biodiesel fuel test using approximately 1,395,000 gallons of biodiesel blended fuels. The project demonstrated that biodiesel can be used successfully in marine vessels and that current ASTM specifications are satisfactory for marine vessels. Microbial growth in biodiesel diesel interface should be monitored. An inspection of the engines showed no signs of being negatively impacted by the test.

Washington State University; University of Idaho; The Glosten Associates, Inc.; Imperium Renewables, Inc.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

Experimental Studies for CPF and SCR Model, Control System, and OBD Development for Engines Using Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The research carried out on this project developed experimentally validated Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC), Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) high?fidelity models that served as the basis for the reduced order models used for internal state estimation. The high?fidelity and reduced order/estimator codes were evaluated by the industrial partners with feedback to MTU that improved the codes. Ammonia, particulate matter (PM) mass retained, PM concentration, and NOX sensors were evaluated and used in conjunction with the estimator codes. The data collected from PM experiments were used to develop the PM kinetics using the high?fidelity DPF code for both NO2 assisted oxidation and thermal oxidation for Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel (ULSF), and B10 and B20 biodiesel fuels. Nine SAE papers were presented and this technology transfer process should provide the basis for industry to improve the OBD and control of urea injection and fuel injection for active regeneration of the PM in the DPF using the computational techniques developed. This knowledge will provide industry the ability to reduce the emissions and fuel consumption from vehicles in the field. Four MS and three PhD Mechanical Engineering students were supported on this project and their thesis research provided them with expertise in experimental, modeling, and controls in aftertreatment systems.

Johnson, John; Naber, Jeffrey; Parker, Gordon; Yang, Song-Lin; Stevens, Andrews; Pihl, Josh

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

219

Biodiesel Blends  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 2-page fact sheet discussing general biodiesel blends and the improvement in engine performance and emissions.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Alternative Fuel School Buses Earn High Marks: Reprint from Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 5, No. 3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A two-page article on school buses that run on alternative fuels including biodiesel and compressed natural gas. Reprinted from Alternative Fuel News, published by the Clean Cities Program of DOE.

Not Available

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

List of Biodiesel Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Biodiesel Incentives List of Biodiesel Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 74 Biodiesel Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 74) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama) State Loan Program Alabama Commercial Industrial Institutional Building Insulation Doors Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Steam-system upgrades Water Heaters Windows Biodiesel Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Ethanol Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Photovoltaics Renewable Fuels Solar Water Heat Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Natural Gas Yes Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption (Idaho) Corporate Exemption Idaho Ethanol

222

Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Interim Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is an interim report for a study of biodiesel oxidative stability. It describes characterization and accelerated stability test results for 19 B100 samples and six diesel fuels.

McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Waynick, J. A.; Westbrook, S. R.; Porter, S.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

224

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

225

How much biodiesel is produced, imported, exported, and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How do I calculate diesel fuel surcharges? How many gallons of diesel fuel does one barrel of oil make? How much biodiesel is produced, imported, exported, ...

226

Reduction and Speciation of Monoglycerides to Produce High Quality Biodiesel .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel is rapidly growing as a fuel of interest due to the various advantages it has over conventional diesel fuel. While the pros non-toxic, (more)

Rapaka, Srikanth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Development of Biodiesel Production Processes from Various Vegetable Oils .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel is an alternative fuel to petroleum diesel that is renewable and creates less harmful emissions than conventional diesel thus the use of this fuel (more)

Issariyakul, Titipong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

DOT Motor-fuel use statistics summary to 1995 The data included...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor-fuel use statistics summary to 1995 The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data up to 1995. The data includes motor-fuel...

229

Las Vegas Serves up Biodiesel for Local Schools  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of biodiesel as a fuel source in buses by the Clark County School District, located in Las Vegas, NV. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Clark County School District.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Vehicle Technology and Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

more about: Alternative Fuels Alternative Vehicles For more information on fuels made from biomass, such as ethanol or biodiesel fuels, see the Biomass section: Biodiesel Ethanol...

231

A homogenous combustion catalyst for fuel efficiency improvements in diesel engines fuelled with diesel and biodiesel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] The ferrous picrate based homogeneous combustion catalyst has been claimed to promote diesel combustion and improve fuel efficiency in diesel engines. However, the (more)

Zhu, Mingming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Design and Use of an Alternative Fuel Testing Apparatus and Assessment of the Feasibility of Biodiesel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Petroleum supply and environmental pollution issues constantly increase interest in renewable low polluting alternative fuels. Published test results show decreased pollution with similar power output (more)

Tanner, Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Business Management for Biodiesel Producers: August 2002--January 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The material in this book is intended to provide the reader with information about the biodiesel and liquid fuels industry, biodiesel start-up issues, legal and regulatory issues, and operational concerns.

Van Gerpen, J.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Biodiesel Co-Firing--Field Demonstration Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a renewable fuel produced through the transesterification process. The fuel is typically produced from soybean oil and is used in diesel engines as a diesel alternative/supplement. Due to potential emission and greenhouse gas benefits, New York Power Authority (NYPA) and EPRI conducted full-scale tests of biodiesel / 6 oil blends at NYPA's Charles Poletti Station, Unit 6 boiler.

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

235

Energy Basics: Biodiesel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Biofuel Conversion Processes Biopower Bio-Based Products Biomass Resources Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Biodiesel Biodiesel is a domestically produced,...

236

UW Madison Fleet Fiscal Year 2010 Rates: Fuel, maintenance and insurance costs are included. If fuel prices exceed the budgeted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UW Madison Fleet Fiscal Year 2010 Rates: Fuel, maintenance and insurance costs are included. If fuel prices exceed the budgeted amount by a significant margin, the rates will be amended with a fuel surcharge at that time and the change notice will be posted in the fleet web site, rates page. Some rate

Sheridan, Jennifer

237

Review of the Research Strategy for Biomass-Derived Transportation Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The report is a review of the R and D strategy for the production of transportation fuel from biomass. Its focus is on ethanol and biodiesel. Its review includes the DG's Office of Fuels Program Development Program.

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

238

A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.

Ban-Weiss, G A; Chen, J Y; Buchholz, B A; Dibble, R W

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.

Ban-Weiss, G A; Chen, J Y; Buchholz, B A; Dibble, R W

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering ­ Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator Currently 70 biodiesel boiler system to drive a steam engine generator. This system is to provide electricity the customer needs, a boiler fueled by biodiesel and outputting to a steam engine was decided upon. The system

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Matrix Optimization for the MALDI-TOF-MS Analysis of Trace Biodiesel Components (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Trace biodiesel components that could reduce the fuel's operability in cold weather are analyzed using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.

McAlpin, C. R.; Voorhees, K. J.; Alleman, T. L.; McCormick, R. L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

DUAL-FUELING CONCEPTS: A COMPARISON OF METHANE AND PROPANE AS PRIMARY FUELS WITH BIODIESEL AND ULTRA-LOW SULFUR DIESEL AS SEPERATE PILOT FUELS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The goal of this thesis is to examine dual-fueling concepts using two different types of primary fuel, methane and propane; as well as two (more)

Shoemaker, Nicholas Thane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Biodiesel Utilization: Update on Recent Analytical Techniques (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To understand and increase the use of biodiesel, analytical methods need to be shared and compared to ensure that accurate data are gathered on this complex fuel.

Alleman, T. L.; Fouts, L.; Luecke, J.; Thornton, M.; McAlpin, C.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide: Fourth Edition (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Intended for those who blend, distribute, and use biodiesel and its blends, this guide contains procedures for handling and using these fuels.

Not Available

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Revisions The July 2013 Monthly Biodiesel Report includes revised data for 2012. ... response to section 1508 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 which directed EIA ...

246

Simulating flame lift-off characteristics of diesel and biodiesel fuels using detailed chemical-kinetic mechanisms and LES turbulence model.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Combustion in direct-injection diesel engines occurs in a lifted, turbulent diffusion flame mode. Numerous studies indicate that the combustion and emissions in such engines are strongly influenced by the lifted flame characteristics, which are in turn determined by fuel and air mixing in the upstream region of the lifted flame, and consequently by the liquid breakup and spray development processes. From a numerical standpoint, these spray combustion processes depend heavily on the choice of underlying spray, combustion, and turbulence models. The present numerical study investigates the influence of different chemical kinetic mechanisms for diesel and biodiesel fuels, as well as Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and large eddy simulation (LES) turbulence models on predicting flame lift-off lengths (LOLs) and ignition delays. Specifically, two chemical kinetic mechanisms for n-heptane (NHPT) and three for biodiesel surrogates are investigated. In addition, the RNG k-{epsilon} (RANS) model is compared to the Smagorinsky based LES turbulence model. Using adaptive grid resolution, minimum grid sizes of 250 {micro}m and 125 {micro}m were obtained for the RANS and LES cases respectively. Validations of these models were performed against experimental data from Sandia National Laboratories in a constant volume combustion chamber. Ignition delay and flame lift-off validations were performed at different ambient temperature conditions. The LES model predicts lower ignition delays and qualitatively better flame structures compared to the RNG k-{epsilon} model. The use of realistic chemistry and a ternary surrogate mixture, which consists of methyl decanoate, methyl 9-decenoate, and NHPT, results in better predicted LOLs and ignition delays. For diesel fuel though, only marginal improvements are observed by using larger size mechanisms. However, these improved predictions come at a significant increase in computational cost.

Som, S; Longman, D. E.; Luo, Z; Plomer, M; Lu, T; Senecal, P.K.; Pomraning, E (Energy Systems); (Univ. of Connecticut); (CONVERGENT Science)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Agra Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Agra Bio Fuels Place Middletown, Pennsylvania Zip 17057 Product Biodiesel producer with plans to build 11 biodiesel plants in Pennsylvania. References Agra...

248

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program August 19, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE Students convert used dining hall cooking oil into biodiesel The alternative fuel to supply 2,500 gallons of fuel to campus shuttles Lab-created biodiesel and biosoap sales support biofuels education program Communications major Zachary Waickman had no idea what he was getting into when he signed up for Loyola University's undergraduate Solutions to

249

Biodiesel: Today's Agricultural Fuel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presented at ''Bioenergy: The Future of Rural America'' meeting in Westminster, Colorado on November 6, 2003.

Tyson, K. S.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Biodiesel Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

251

Biogenic greenhouse gas emissions linked to the life cycles of biodiesel derived from European rapeseed and Brazilian soybeans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of biodiesel. These may include increasing soil carbon stocks by, e.g., conservation tillage and return with biodiesel. To the extent that these deal with biodiesel from virgin vegetable fatty acids, these have mainly

252

ABS Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name ABS Biodiesel Place United Kingdom Product UK-based biodiesel producer developing a plant in Avonmouth, near Bristol. References ABS...

253

The Fuels and Lubricants Research Division of Southwest Research includes extensive engines, fuels and lubricants research,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Caterpillar 1K Lubricant Test This test evaluates the piston deposits, liner wear, and oil consumption and oil consumption. The test is proposed for inclusion in the PC-10 category. Mack T8/T8A/T8E Lubricant of Mack engine oil specification EON+ 03, CI-4+ and will be included in PC-10. Mack T12 Lubricant Test

Chapman, Clark R.

254

Optimization of biodiesel production and purification for maximizing biodiesel yield from camelina oil .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???Because of the depletion of the worlds petroleum reserves and the increasing environmental concerns, biodiesel, as a low-emission renewable fuel and one of the best (more)

??

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Process Intensification in Base-Catalyzed Biodiesel Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is considered a means to diversify our supply of transportation fuel, addressing the goal of reducing our dependence on oil. Recent interest has resulted in biodiesel manufacture becoming more widely undertaken by commercial enterprises that are interested in minimizing the cost of feedstock materials and waste production, as well as maximizing the efficiency of production. Various means to accelerate batch processing have been investigated. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has experience in developing process intensification methods for nuclear separations, and this paper will discuss how technologies developed for very different applications have been modified for continuous reaction/separation of biodiesel. In collaboration with an industrial partner, this work addresses the aspect of base-catalyzed biodiesel production that limits it to a slow batch process. In particular, we have found that interfacial mass transfer and phase separation control the transesterification process and have developed a continuous two-phase reactor for online production of a methyl ester and glycerol. Enhancing the mass transfer has additional benefits such as being able to use an alcohol-to-oil phase ratio closer to stoichiometric than in conventional processing, hence minimizing the amount of solvent that has to be recycled and reducing post-processing clean up costs. Various technical issues associated with the application of process intensification technology will be discussed, including scale-up from the laboratory to a pilot-scale undertaking.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL; Jennings, Hal L [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Investigation and Optimization of Biodiesel Chemistry for HCCI Combustion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past 5 years, ORNL has run 95 diesel range fuels in homogene-ous charge compression ignition (HCCI), including 40 bio-diesels and associated diesel fuels in their blending. The bio-diesel blends varied in oxygen content, iodine number, cetane, boiling point distribution, chemical composition, and some contained nitrogen. All fuels were run in an HCCI engine at 1800 rpm, in the power range of 2.5 to 4.5 bar IMEP, using intake air heating for combustion phasing control, and at a compression ratio of 10.6. The engine response to fuel variables has been analyzed statistically. Generally, the engine responded well to fuels with lower nitrogen and oxygen, lower cetane, and lower aromatics. Because of the wide range of fuels combined in the model, it provides only a broad overview of the engine response. It is recommended that data be truncated and re-modeled to obtain finer resolution of engine response to particular fuel variables.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL; Bunce, Michael [ORNL; Joyce, Blake [ORNL; Crawford, Robert W [Rincon Ranch Consulting

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Alternative Fueling Station Locator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Go Fuel: All Fuels Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) more search...

258

BIODIESEL BLENDS IN SPACE HEATING EQUIPMENT.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a diesel-like fuel that is derived from processing vegetable oils from various sources, such as soy oil, rapeseed or canola oil, and also waste vegetable oils resulting from cooking use. Brookhaven National laboratory initiated an evaluation of the performance of blends of biodiesel and home heating oil in space heating applications under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This report is a result of this work performed in the laboratory. A number of blends of varying amounts of a biodiesel in home heating fuel were tested in both a residential heating system and a commercial size boiler. The results demonstrate that blends of biodiesel and heating oil can be used with few or no modifications to the equipment or operating practices in space heating. The results also showed that there were environmental benefits from the biodiesel addition in terms of reductions in smoke and in Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). The latter result was particularly surprising and of course welcome, in view of the previous results in diesel engines where no changes had been seen. Residential size combustion equipment is presently not subject to NOx regulation. If reductions in NOx similar to those observed here hold up in larger size (commercial and industrial) boilers, a significant increase in the use of biodiesel-like fuel blends could become possible.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hydraulically actuated fuel injector including a pilot operated spool valve assembly and hydraulic system using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to hydraulic systems including hydraulically actuated fuel injectors that have a pilot operated spool valve assembly. One class of hydraulically actuated fuel injectors includes a solenoid driven pilot valve that controls the initiation of the injection event. However, during cold start conditions, hydraulic fluid, typically engine lubricating oil, is particularly viscous and is often difficult to displace through the relatively small drain path that is defined past the pilot valve member. Because the spool valve typically responds slower than expected during cold start due to the difficulty in displacing the relatively viscous oil, accurate start of injection timing can be difficult to achieve. There also exists a greater difficulty in reaching the higher end of the cold operating speed range. Therefore, the present invention utilizes a fluid evacuation valve to aid in displacement of the relatively viscous oil during cold start conditions.

Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tools Tools Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... Data Included in the Alternative Fuel Stations Download The following data fields are provided in the downloadable files for alternative fuel stations. Field Value Description fuel_type_code Type: string The type of alternative fuel the station provides. Fuel types are given as code values as described below: Value Description BD Biodiesel (B20 and above)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Biodiesel Production Technology: August 2002--January 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines that is gaining attention in the United States after reaching a considerable level of success in Europe. The purpose of this book is to describe and explain the process and issues involved in producing this fuel.

Van Gerpen, J.; Shanks,B.; Pruszko,R.; Clements, D.; Knothe, G.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

AOCS Methods for Biodiesel Feedstock Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This downloadble PDF contains 24 methods for determining the quality of biodiesel feedstocks, including cleanliness, purity, water content, acidity, sulfur, phosphorus, and oxidative stability. It has been revised to include information from the newest rel

263

Focus on Biodiesel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS spotlights the topic of renewable energy with this comprehensive CD-ROM containing various Powerpoint presentations, abstracts, book chapters, technical tables, biodiesel standards, and numerous links to Internet resources. Focus on Biodiesel Biofuel

264

Biodiesel SRM Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and Industrial Quality (INMETRO) on the development of the certified reference materials (CRMs) for biofuels, specifically bioethanol and biodiesel ...

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

265

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low Emission Vehicle Electricity...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Help Alternative Fuels Data Center Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel | Diesel Vehicles Electricity | Hybrid & Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel...

266

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maps and Data  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Search Help Alternative Fuels Data Center Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel | Diesel Vehicles Electricity | Hybrid & Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen |...

267

Biodiesel production from sunflower oil using microwave assisted transesterification / by Nokuthula E. Magida.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biofuels are becoming more attractive worldwide because of the high energy demands and the fossil fuel resources that are being depleted. Biodiesel is one of (more)

Magida, Nokuthula Ethel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Biodiesel synthesis from spent frying vegetable oils over heterogeneous inorganic catalysts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel derived from renewable plant seed oils and animal fats is a promising alternative to fossil diesel fuel. Commercially, triglyceride transesterification and free fatty acid (more)

Al-Zaini, Essam O. Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Non-parametric statistical evaluation of biodiesel emissions from transit buses.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Research on biodiesel emissions has been triggered by depleting fossil fuel resources and environmental protection concerns. However, vehicular emissions are inadequately understood and quantified because (more)

Mudgal, Abhisek

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Ethanol production using corn, switchgrass, and wood; Biodiesel production using soybean and sunflower  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy outputs from ethanol produced using corn, switchgrass, and wood biomass were each less than the respective fossil energy inputs. The same was true for producing biodiesel using soybeans and sunflower, however, the energy cost for producing soybean biodiesel was only slightly negative compared with ethanol production. Findings in terms of energy outputs compared with the energy inputs were: Ethanol production using corn grain required 29% more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. Ethanol production using switchgrass required 50 % more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. Ethanol production using wood biomass required 57 % more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. Biodiesel production using soybean required 27 % more fossil energy than the biodiesel fuel produced (Note, the energy yield from soy oil per hectare is far lower than the ethanol yield from corn). Biodiesel production using sunflower required 118 % more fossil energy than the biodiesel fuel produced.

David Pimentel; Tad W. Patzek

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.nrel.gov/vehiclesandfuels/npbf/pdfs/43672.pdf This document is a guide for those who blend, store, distribute, and use biodiesel. It is intended to help fleets, individual users, blenders, distributors, and those involved in related activities understand procedures for handling and using biodiesel fuels. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

272

Brown Grease to Biodiesel Demonstration Project Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Municipal wastewater treatment facilities have typically been limited to the role of accepting wastewater, treating it to required levels, and disposing of its treatment residuals. However, a new view is emerging which includes wastewater treatment facilities as regional resource recovery centers. This view is a direct result of increasingly stringent regulations, concerns over energy use, carbon footprint, and worldwide depletion of fossil fuel resources. Resources in wastewater include chemical and thermal energy, as well as nutrients, and water. A waste stream such as residual grease, which concentrates in the drainage from restaurants (referred to as Trap Waste), is a good example of a resource with an energy content that can be recovered for beneficial reuse. If left in wastewater, grease accumulates inside of the wastewater collection system and can lead to increased corrosion and pipe blockages that can cause wastewater overflows. Also, grease in wastewater that arrives at the treatment facility can impair the operation of preliminary treatment equipment and is only partly removed in the primary treatment process. In addition, residual grease increases the demand in treatment materials such as oxygen in the secondary treatment process. When disposed of in landfills, grease is likely to undergo anaerobic decay prior to landfill capping, resulting in the atmospheric release of methane, a greenhouse gas (GHG). This research project was therefore conceptualized and implemented by the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) to test the feasibility of energy recovery from Trap Waste in the form of Biodiesel or Methane gas. The research goals are given below: ?¢???¢ To validate technology performance; ?¢???¢ To determine the costs and benefits [including economic, socioeconomic, and GHG emissions reduction] associated with co-locating this type of operation at a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP); ?¢???¢ To develop a business case or model for replication of the program by other municipal agencies (as applicable). In order to accomplish the goals of the project, the following steps were performed: 1. Operation of a demonstration facility designed to receive 10,000 to 12,000 gallons of raw Trap Waste each day from private Trap Waste hauling companies. The demonstration facility was designed and built by Pacific Biodiesel Technologies (PBTech). The demonstration facility would also recover 300 gallons of Brown Grease per day from the raw Trap Waste. The recovered Brown Grease was expected to contain no more than 2% Moisture, Insolubles, and Unsaponifiables (MIU) combined. 2. Co-digestion of the side streams (generated during the recovery of 300 gallons of Brown Grease from the raw Trap Waste) with wastewater sludge in the WWTP?¢????s anaerobic digesters. The effects of the side streams on anaerobic digestion were quantified by comparison with baseline data. 3. Production of 240 gallons per day of ASTM D6751-S15 grade Biodiesel fuel via a Biodiesel conversion demonstration facility, with the use of recovered Brown Grease as a feedstock. The demonstration facility was designed and built by Blackgold Biofuels (BGB). Side streams from this process were also co-digested with wastewater sludge. Bench-scale anaerobic digestion testing was conducted on side streams from both demonstration facilities to determine potential toxicity and/or changes in biogas production in the WWTP anaerobic digester. While there is a lot of theoretical data available on the lab-scale production of Biodiesel from grease Trap Waste, this full-scale demonstration project was one of the first of its kind in the United States. The project?¢????s environmental impacts were expected to include: ?¢???¢ Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by prevention of the release of methane at landfills. Although the combustion product of Biod

San Francisco Public Utilities Commission; URS Corporation; Biofuels, Blackgold; Carollo Engineers

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

273

Decision-maker's guide to wood fuel for small industrial energy users. Final report. [Includes glossary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technology and economics of various wood energy systems available to the small industrial and commercial energy user are considered. This book is designed to help a plant manager, engineer, or others in a decision-making role to become more familiar with wood fuel systems and make informed decisions about switching to wood as a fuel. The following subjects are discussed: wood combustion, pelletized wood, fuel storage, fuel handling and preparation, combustion equipment, retrofitting fossil-fueled boilers, cogeneration, pollution abatement, and economic considerations of wood fuel use. (MHR)

Levi, M. P.; O'Grady, M. J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Elastomer Compatibility Testing of Renewable Diesel Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this study, the integrity and performance of six elastomers were tested with ethanol-diesel and biodiesel fuel blends.

Frame, E.; McCormick, R. L.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Market penetration of biodiesel and ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the influence that economic and technological factors have on the penetration of biodiesel and ethanol into the transportation fuels market. This dissertation focuses on four aspects. The first involves the influence of fossil fuel prices, because biofuels are substitutes and have to compete in price. The second involves biofuel manufacturing technology, principally the feedstock-to-biofuel conversion rates, and the biofuel manufacturing costs. The third involves prices for greenhouse gas offsets. The fourth involves the agricultural commodity markets for feedstocks, and biofuel byproducts. This dissertation uses the Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model-Greenhouse Gas (FASOM-GHG) to quantitatively examine these issues and calculates equilibrium prices and quantities, given market interactions, fossil fuel prices, carbon dioxide equivalent prices, government biofuel subsidies, technological improvement, and crop yield gains. The results indicate that for the ranges studied, gasoline prices have a major impact on aggregate ethanol production but only at low prices. At higher prices, one runs into a capacity constraint that limits expansion on the capacity of ethanol production. Aggregate biodiesel production is highly responsive to gasoline prices and increases over time. (Diesel fuel price is proportional to the gasoline price). Carbon dioxide equivalent prices expand the biodiesel industry, but have no impact on ethanol aggregate production when gasoline prices are high again because of refinery capacity expansion. Improvement of crop yields shows a similar pattern, expanding ethanol production when the gasoline price is low and expanding biodiesel. Technological improvement, where biorefinery production costs decrease over time, had minimal impact on aggregate ethanol and biodiesel production. Finally, U.S. government subsidies have a large expansionary impact on aggregate biodiesel production, but only expand the ethanol industry at low gasoline prices. All of these factors increase agricultural welfare with most expanding producer surplus and mixed effects on consumers.

Szulczyk, Kenneth Ray

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Dilution During Active Regeneration of Aftertreatment Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted with ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and 20% biodiesel blends (B20) to compare lube oil dilution levels and lubricant properties for systems using late in-cylinder fuel injection for aftertreatment regeneration. Lube oil dilution was measured by gas chromatography (GC) following ASTM method D3524 to measure diesel content, by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry following a modified ASTM method D7371 to measure biodiesel content, and by a newly developed back-flush GC method that simultaneously measures both diesel and biodiesel. Heavy-duty (HD) engine testing was conducted on a 2008 6.7L Cummins ISB equipped with a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) and diesel particle filter (DPF). Stage one of engine testing consisted of 10 consecutive repeats of a forced DPF regeneration event. This continuous operation with late in-cylinder fuel injection served as a method to accelerate lube-oil dilution. Stage two consisted of 16 hours of normal engine operation over a transient test cycle, which created an opportunity for any accumulated fuel in the oil sump to evaporate. Light duty (LD) vehicle testing was conducted on a 2010 VW Jetta equipped with DOC, DPF and a NOx storage catalyst (NSC). Vehicle testing comprised approximately 4,000 miles of operation on a mileage-accumulation dynamometer (MAD) using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Highway Fuel Economy Cycle because of the relatively low engine oil and exhaust temperatures, and high DPF regeneration frequency of this cycle relative to other cycles examined. Comparison of the lube oil dilution analysis methods suggests that D3524 does not measure dilution by biodiesel. The new back-flush GC method provided analysis for both diesel and biodiesel, in a shorter time and with lower detection limit. Thus all lube oil dilution results in this paper are based on this method. Analysis of the HD lube-oil samples showed only 1.5% to 1.6% fuel dilution for both fuels during continuous operation under DPF regeneration events. During the second stage of HD testing, the ULSD lube-oil dilution levels fell from 1.5% to 0.8%, while for B20, lube-oil dilution levels fell from 1.6% to 1.0%, but the fuel in the oil was 36% biodiesel. For the LD vehicle tests, the frequency of DPF regeneration events was observed to be the same for both ULSD and B20. No significant difference between the two fuels' estimated soot loading was detected by the engine control unit (ECU), although a 23% slower rate of increase in differential pressure across DPF was observed with B20. It appears that the ECU estimated soot loading is based on the engine map, not taking advantage of the lower engine-out particulate matter from the use of biodiesel. After 4,000 miles of LD vehicle operation with ULSD, fuel dilution in the lube-oil samples showed total dilution levels of 4.1% diesel. After 4,000 miles of operation with B20, total fuel in oil dilution levels were 6.7% consisting of 3.6% diesel fuel and 3.1% biodiesel. Extrapolation to the 10,000-mile oil drain interval with B20 suggests that the total fuel content in the oil could reach 12%, compared to 5% for operation on ULSD. Analysis of the oil samples also included measurement of total acid number, total base number, viscosity, soot, metals and wear scar; however, little difference in these parameters was noted.

He, X.; Williams, A.; Christensen, E.; Burton, J.; McCormick, R.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Impact of Biodiesel-based Na on the Durability of Cu-Zeolite SCR Catalysts and Other Diesel Aftertreatment Devices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel fuel has increased in popularity in recent years as an alternative fuel choice, but there are concerns related to the impact it will have (more)

Brookshear, Daniel William

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives related to Biodiesel. Incentives Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit Fueling equipment for natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane),

279

Biodiesel from microalgae beats Yusuf Chisti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and bioethanol are unsustainable Carbon neutral renewable liquid fuels are needed to even- tually totally are photosynthetic microorganisms that convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to algal bio- mass. Many microalgae only $5950 liters of oil per hectare [1]. Biodiesel yield from a parent vegetable oil is $80

280

Argentinean soy based biodiesel: an introduction to production and impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.53 2.60 2.64 #2 Diesel, retail 3.80 3.90 3.86 3.85 3.82 3.74 3.64 3.55 3.44 3.51 3.55 Biodiesel tax, the $0.54 per gallon specific duty on ethanol imports, and the $1.00 per gallon biodiesel blender tax report include corn, soybeans, ethanol and biodiesel. In addition to those markets, this report also

Watson, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Biodiesel/Aquatic Species Project report, FY 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary goal of the Biodiesel/Aquatic Species Project is to develop the technology for growing microalgae as a renewable biomass feedstock for the production of a diesel fuel substitute (biodiesel), thereby reducing the need for imported petroleum. Microalgae are of interest as a feedstock because of their high growth rates and tolerance to varying environmental conditions, and because the oils (lipids) they produce can be extracted and converted to substitute petroleum fuels such as biodiesel. Microalgae can be grown in arid and semi-arid regions with poor soil quality, and saline water from aquifers or the ocean can be used for growing microalgae. Biodiesel is an extremely attractive candidate to fulfill the need for a diesel fuel substitute. Biodiesel is a cleaner fuel than petroleum diesel; it is virtually free of sulfur, and emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and particulates during combustion are significantly reduced in comparison to emissions from petroleum diesel. Biodiesel provides essentially the same energy content and power output as petroleum-based diesel fuel.

Brown, L.; Jarvis, E.; Dunahay, T.; Roessler, P.; Zeiler, K. (National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)); Sprague, S. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Effect of Biodiesel Composition on Engine Emissions from a DDC Series 60 Diesel Engine: Final Report; Report 2 in a Series of 6  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL conducted an investigation of various biodiesel fuels produced from waste oils in order to determine the effect of biodiesel source material and ester molecular structure, nitrogen oxides, and certain unregulated pollutants.

Graboski, M. S.; McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Herring, A. M.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Performance of Trasuranic-Loaded Fully Ceramic Micro-Encapsulated Fuel in LWRs Interim Report, Including Void Reactivity Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current focus of the Deep Burn Project is on once-through burning of transuranice (TRU) in light water reactors (LWRs). The fuel form is called Fully-Ceramic Micro-encapsulated (FCM) fuel, a concept that borrows the tri-isotropic (TRISO) fuel particle design from high-temperature reactor technology. In the Deep Burn LWR (DB-LWR) concept, these fuel particles would be pressed into compacts using SiC matrix material and loaded into fuel pins for use in conventional LWRs. The TRU loading comes from the spent fuel of a conventional LWR after 5 years of cooling. Unit cell calculations have been performed using the DRAGON-4 code in order assess the physics attributes of TRU-only FCM fuel in an LWR lattice. Depletion calculations assuming an infinite lattice condition were performed with calculations of various reactivity coefficients performed at each step. Unit cells containing typical UO2 and MOX fuel were analyzed in the same way to provide a baseline against which to compare the TRU-only FCM fuel. Loading of TRU-only FCM fuel into a pin without significant quantities of uranium challenges the design from the standpoint of several key reactivity parameters, particularly void reactivity, and to some degree, the Doppler coefficient. These unit cells, while providing an indication of how a whole core of similar fuel would behave, also provide information of how individual pins of TRU-only FCM fuel would influence the reactivity behavior of a heterogeneous assembly. If these FCM fuel pins are included in a heterogeneous assembly with LEU fuel pins, the overall reactivity behavior would be dominated by the uranium pins while attractive TRU destruction performance of the TRU-only FCM fuel pins may be preserved. A configuration such as this would be similar to CONFU assemblies analyzed in previous studies. Analogous to the plutonium content limits imposed on MOX fuel, some amount of TRU-only FCM pins in an otherwise-uranium fuel assembly may give acceptable reactivity performance. Assembly calculations will be performed in future work to explore the design options for heterogeneous assemblies of this type and their impact on reactivity coefficients.

Michael A. Pope; Brian Boer; Gilles Youinou; Abderrafi M. Ougouag

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

285

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

286

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

287

Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type West Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

288

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

289

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

290

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Dakota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

291

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Massachusetts Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

292

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

293

Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type South Carolina Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

294

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Safety...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Data Center Fuels & Vehicles Biodiesel | Diesel Vehicles Electricity | Hybrid & Plug-In Electric Vehicles Ethanol | Flex Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen | Fuel Cell Vehicles Natural Gas |...

295

Biodiesel Drives Florida Power & Light's EPAct Alternative Compliance Strategy; EPAct Alternative Fuel Transportation Program: Success Story (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This success story highlights how Florida Power & Light Company has successfully complied with the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) through Alternative Compliance using biodiesel technologies and how it has become a biofuel leader, reducing petroleum use and pollutant emissions throughout Florida.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Bay Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Bay Biodiesel LLC Place Martinez, California Zip 94553 Product Biodiesel producers in Martinez, California. References Bay Biodiesel LLC1...

297

Allegro Biodiesel Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Allegro Biodiesel Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Allegro Biodiesel Corporation Place Los Angeles, California Zip 90045 Product Allegro Biodiesel Corporation produces...

298

Biodiesel SSC Process  

: INLs biodiesel-SSC uses solid catalyst under super-critical fluid conditions to produce biodiesel from a full range of lipid feedstock. This invention provides in a single-phase process for producing alkyl esters from triglycerides or fatty acid ...

299

Proceedings of the 1995 SAE alternative fuels conference. P-294  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume contains 32 papers and five panel discussions related to the fuel substitution of trucks, automobiles, buses, cargo handling equipment, diesel passenger cars, and pickup trucks. Fuels discussed include liquefied natural gas, natural gas, ethanol fuels, methanol fuels, dimethyl ether, methyl esters from various sources (rape oil, used cooking oils, soya, and canola oils), hydrogen fuels, and biodiesel. Other topics include fuel cell powered vehicles, infrastructure requirements for fuel substitution, and economics. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

Mississippi State Biodiesel Production Project  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel is a renewable fuel conventionally generated from vegetable oils and animal fats that conforms to ASTM D6751. Depending on the free fatty acid content of the feedstock, biodiesel is produced via transesterification, esterification, or a combination of these processes. Currently the cost of the feedstock accounts for more than 80% of biodiesel production cost. The main goal of this project was to evaluate and develop non-conventional feedstocks and novel processes for producing biodiesel. One of the most novel and promising feedstocks evaluated involves the use of readily available microorganisms as a lipid source. Municipal wastewater treatment facilities (MWWTF) in the USA produce (dry basis) of microbial sludge annually. This sludge is composed of a variety of organisms, which consume organic matter in wastewater. The content of phospholipids in these cells have been estimated at 24% to 25% of dry mass. Since phospholipids can be transesterified they could serve as a ready source of biodiesel. Examination of the various transesterification methods shows that in situ conversion of lipids to FAMEs provides the highest overall yield of biodiesel. If one assumes a 7.0% overall yield of FAMEs from dry sewage sludge on a weight basis, the cost per gallon of extracted lipid would be $3.11. Since the lipid is converted to FAMEs, also known as biodiesel, in the in Situ extraction process, the product can be used as is for renewable fuel. As transesterification efficiency increases the cost per gallon drops quickly, hitting $2.01 at 15.0% overall yield. An overall yield of 10.0% is required to obtain biodiesel at $2.50 per gallon, allowing it to compete with soybean oil in the marketplace. Twelve plant species with potential for oil production were tested at Mississippi State, MS. Of the species tested, canola, rapeseed and birdseed rape appear to have potential in Mississippi as winter annual crops because of yield. Two perennial crops were investigated, Chinese tallow tree and tung tree. High seed yields from these species are possible because, there stature allows for a third dimension in yield (up). Harvest regimes have already been worked out with tung, and the large seed makes shedding of the seed with tree shakers possible. While tallow tree seed yields can be mind boggling (12,000 kg seed/ha at 40% oil), genotypes that shed seed easily are currently not known. Efficient methods were developed to isolate polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters from bio-diesel. The hypothesis to isolate this class of fatty acids, which are used as popular dietary supplements and prescription medicine (OMACOR), was that they bind transition metal ions much stronger than their harmful saturated analogs. AgBF4 has the highest extraction ability among all the metal ions tested. Glycerol is a key product from the production of biodiesel. It is produced during the transesterification process by cleaving the fatty acids from the glycerol backbone (the fatty acids are used as part of the biodiesel, which is a fatty acid methyl ester). Glycerol is a non-toxic compound with many uses; however, if a surplus exists in the future, more uses for the produced glycerol needs to be found. Another phase of the project was to find an add-on process to the biodiesel production process that will convert the glycerol by-product into more valuable substances for end uses other than food or cosmetics, focusing at present on 1,3-propanediol and lactic acid.All three MSU cultures produced products at concentrations below that of the benchmark microorganisms. There was one notable isolate the caught the eye of the investigators and that was culture J6 due to the ability of this microorganism to co-produce both products and one in particularly high concentrations. This culture with more understanding of its metabolic pathways could prove a useful biological agent for the conversion of glycerol. Heterogeneous catalysis was examined as an alternative to overcome the disadvantages of homogeneous transesterification, such as the presence of salts in the glycer

Rafael Hernandez; Todd French; Sandun Fernando; Tingyu Li; Dwane Braasch; Juan Silva; Brian Baldwin

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

biodiesel Go biodiesel Go Generated_thumb20130810-31804-kwxulv U.S. Biodiesel Production, Exports, and Consumption Generated_thumb20130810-31804-kwxulv Trend of U.S. biodiesel production, exports, and consumption from 2001-2011 Last update August 2012 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-s6una1 U.S. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Biofuels Generated_thumb20130810-31804-s6una1 Comparison of greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels, developed by the EPA for Renewable Fuel Standard 2 rule Last update February 2010 View Graph Graph Download Data Biodiesel-stations Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations by State Biodiesel-stations View Map Graph Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ngbjor Biomass-Based Diesel RFS2 Mandates and Consumption Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ngbjor

302

Process analysis and optimization of biodiesel production from vegetable oils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dwindling resources of fossil fuels coupled with the steady increase in energy consumption have spurred research interest in alternative and renewable energy sources. Biodiesel is one of the most promising alternatives for fossil fuels. It can be made from various renewable sources, including recycled oil, and can be utilized in lieu of petroleum-based diesel. To foster market competitiveness for biodiesel, it is necessary to develop cost-effective and technically sound processing schemes, to identify related key design criteria, and optimize performance. The overall goal of this work was to design and optimize biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester FAME) production from vegetable oil. To achieve this goal, several interconnected research activities were undertaken. First, a base-case flow sheet was developed for the process. The performance of this flow sheet along with the key design and operating criteria were identified by conducting computer-aided simulation using ASPEN Plus. Various scenarios were simulated to provide sufficient understanding and insights. Also, different thermodynamic databases were used for different sections of the process to account for the various characteristics of the streams throughout the process. Next, mass and energy integration studies were performed to reduce the consumption of material and energy utilities, improve environmental impact, and enhance profitability. Finally, capital cost estimation was carried out using the ICARUS Process Evaluator computer-aided tools linked to the results of the ASPEN simulation. The operating cost of the process was estimated using the key information on process operation such as raw materials, utilities, and labor. A profitability analysis was carried out by examining the ROI (Return of Investment) and PP (Payback Period). It was determined that the single most important economic factor is the cost of soybean oil, which accounted for more than 90% of the total annualized cost. Consequently, a sensitivity analysis was performed to examine the effect of soybean oil cost on profitability. It was determined that both ROI and PP quickly deteriorate as the cost of soybean oil increases.

Myint, Lay L.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Southeast BioDiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioDiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Southeast BioDiesel Place Charleston, South Carolina Product Biodiesel producer based in South Carolina References Southeast BioDiesel1...

304

Silicon Valley Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Inc Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Silicon Valley Biodiesel Inc. Place Sunnyvale, California Zip CA 94086 Product Manufactures biodiesel for the local diesel fuel market using local supplies of waste fats, oils and greases that is converted into fatty acid methyl esters and has properties similar to diesel fuel. Coordinates 32.780338°, -96.547405° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.780338,"lon":-96.547405,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

305

Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? September 16, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Shannon told you about biodiesel, a renewable fuel that can power a vehicle using less fuel and producing fewer greenhouse gas emissions. DOE has an Alternative Fuel Station Locator that can help drivers find the nearest fueling station to fill up their vehicles. Would you consider driving a vehicle that can run on biodiesel? Why or why not? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at

306

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Biodiesel Production Monthly Biodiesel Production Report November 2013 With Data for September 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Monthly Biodiesel Production Report This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

307

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

role in the physical properties of the resulting biodiesel.This remarkable property is directly applicable to biodiesel

Lykidis, Athanasios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Carolina Incentives and Laws Carolina Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biofuels Retail Incentive Expired: 06/30/2012 Ethanol retailers selling fuel blends of at least 70% ethanol (E70) are eligible for a $0.05 incentive per gallon of ethanol blended fuel sold, provided that the fuel is subject to the South Carolina motor fuel user fee. Additionally, biodiesel retailers are eligible for a $0.25 incentive per gallon of biodiesel (B100) sold as pure biodiesel or as part of a biodiesel blend, provided that the blend contains at least 2% biodiesel (B2). These incentives apply only to fuel sold before July 1, 2012.

309

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hampshire Incentives and Laws Hampshire Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Motor Vehicle Classification Study Committee Archived: 10/31/2013 The Motor Vehicles Classification Committee (Committee) was established to study vehicle classification laws used for new vehicle types. The scope of the study includes alternative classification systems to define non-traditional vehicles including alternative fuel vehicles and configurations, such as electric motor vehicles. The Committee must submit a report to state officials by November 1, 2012. (Reference Senate Bill 26, 2011) Biodiesel Study Commission

310

Integrated capture of fossil fuel gas pollutants including CO.sub.2 with energy recovery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of reducing pollutants exhausted into the atmosphere from the combustion of fossil fuels. The disclosed process removes nitrogen from air for combustion, separates the solid combustion products from the gases and vapors and can capture the entire vapor/gas stream for sequestration leaving near-zero emissions. The invention produces up to three captured material streams. The first stream is contaminant-laden water containing SO.sub.x, residual NO.sub.x particulates and particulate-bound Hg and other trace contaminants. The second stream can be a low-volume flue gas stream containing N.sub.2 and O.sub.2 if CO2 purification is needed. The final product stream is a mixture comprising predominantly CO.sub.2 with smaller amounts of H.sub.2O, Ar, N.sub.2, O.sub.2, SO.sub.X, NO.sub.X, Hg, and other trace gases.

Ochs, Thomas L. (Albany, OR); Summers, Cathy A. (Albany, OR); Gerdemann, Steve (Albany, OR); Oryshchyn, Danylo B. (Philomath, OR); Turner, Paul (Independence, OR); Patrick, Brian R. (Chicago, IL)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

311

Better Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Biodiesel producer References Better Biodiesel1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

312

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

313

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel April 1, 2010 - 6:48pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Rental car customers may be able to breathe a little easier during their next trip to the airport. Alamo Rent A Car, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, and National Car Rental, all brands operated by the subsidiaries of Enterprise Holdings, are converting their airport shuttle buses to run on biodiesel fuel. The move is a good one for the environment, and will ultimately reduce the company's carbon emissions. "We are saving 420,000 gallons of petroleum diesel," says Lee Broughton, director of corporate identity and sustainability for Enterprise Holdings. Hydrocarbon and particulate matter emissions will plummet, making the air

314

A COMBINED REACTION/PRODUCT RECOVERY PROCESS FOR THE CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Nu-Energie, LLC entered into a Cooperative Research And Development Agreement (CRADA) for the purpose of demonstrating and deploying a novel technology for the continuous synthesis and recovery of biodiesel from the transesterification of triglycerides. The focus of the work was the demonstration of a combination Couette reactor and centrifugal separator - an invention of ORNL researchers - that facilitates both product synthesis and recovery from reaction byproducts in the same apparatus. At present, transesterification of triglycerides to produce biodiesel is performed in batch-type reactors with an excess of a chemical catalyst, which is required to achieve high reactant conversions in reasonable reaction times (e.g., 1 hour). The need for long reactor residence times requires use of large reactors and ancillary equipment (e.g., feed and product tankage), and correspondingly large facilities, in order to obtain the economy of scale required to make the process economically viable. Hence, the goal of this CRADA was to demonstrate successful, extended operation of a laboratory-scale reactor/separator prototype to process typical industrial reactant materials, and to design, fabricate, and test a production-scale unit for deployment at the biodiesel production site. Because of its ease of operation, rapid attainment of steady state, high mass transfer and phase separation efficiencies, and compact size, a centrifugal contactor was chosen for intensification of the biodiesel production process. The unit was modified to increase the residence time from a few seconds to minutes*. For this application, liquid phases were introduced into the reactor as separate streams. One was composed of the methanol and base catalyst and the other was the soy oil used in the experiments. Following reaction in the mixing zone, the immiscible glycerine and methyl ester products were separated in the high speed rotor and collected from separate ports. Results from laboratory operations showed that the ASTM specification for bound acylglycerides was achieved only at extended reaction times ({approx}25 min) using a single-stage batch contact at elevated temperature and pressure. In the single-pass configuration, the time required gives no throughput advantage over the current batch reaction process. The limitation seems to be the presence of glycerine, which hinders complete conversion because of reversible reactions. Significant improvement in quality was indicated after a second and third passes, where product from the first stage was collected and separated from the glycerine, and further reacted with a minor addition of methanol. Chemical kinetics calculations suggest that five consecutive stages of 2 min residence time would produce better than ASTM specification fuel with no addition of methanol past the first stage. Additional stages may increase the capital investment, but the increase should be offset by reduced operating costs and a factor of 3 higher throughput. Biodiesel, a mixture of methyl esters, is made commercially from the transesterification of oil, often soy oil (see Reaction 1). The kinetics of the transesterification process is rapid; however, multiphase separations after the synthesis of the fuel can be problematic. Therefore, the process is typically run in batch mode. The biodiesel fuel and the glycerine product take several hours to separate. In addition, to push yields to completion, an excess of methoxide catalyst is typically used, which has to be removed from both the biodiesel and the glycerine phase after reaction. Washing steps are often employed to remove free fatty acids, which can lead to undesirable saponification. Standards for biodiesel purity are based either on the removal of contaminants before the oil feedstock is esterified or on the separation of unwanted by-products. Various methods have been examined to enhance either the pretreatment of biodiesel feedstocks or the posttreatment of reaction products, including the use of a cavitation reactor in the process i

Birdwell, J.F., Jr.; McFarlane, J.; Schuh, D.L.; Tsouris, C; Day, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC); Hullette, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel December 7, 2011 - 3:33pm Addthis Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Chris Galm Marketing & Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this project do? Reduces fuel consumption Saves the city money Extends the lifespan of city owned service vehicles "We sat down and actually met with several people out of the biodiesel industry and found out how amazingly simple it was for us to do this. To

316

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel Atlanta Suburb Greases the Path to Savings with Biodiesel December 7, 2011 - 3:33pm Addthis Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Downtown Smyrna, Georgia, a town that's poised to see big savings thanks to their investment in biodiesel. | Photo by Ken Cook Chris Galm Marketing & Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this project do? Reduces fuel consumption Saves the city money Extends the lifespan of city owned service vehicles "We sat down and actually met with several people out of the biodiesel industry and found out how amazingly simple it was for us to do this. To

317

NREL: News - NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

713 713 NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station Locations Released New application for iPhone helps users find stations offering electricity, biodiesel, natural gas, and other alternative fuels. November 7, 2013 iPhone users now have access to a free application that locates fueling stations offering alternative fuels, including electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, e85 Ethanol, propane and hydrogen. The Energy Department's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the new mobile application for DOE's Clean Cities program. Clean Cities supports local stakeholders across the country in an effort to cut petroleum use in transportation. The Alternative Fueling Station Locator App, now available through Apple's App Store, allows iPhone users to select an alternative fuel and

318

Alternative Fueling Station Locator | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Find Stations Plan a Route Location: Go Start: End: Go Fuel: All Fuels Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) more search options close × More Search Options Include private stations Include planned stations Owner All Private Federal State Local Utility Payment All American Express Discover MasterCard VISA Cash Checks CFN Clean Energy Fuel Man Gas Card PHH Services Voyager WEX Electric charger types Include level 1 Include level 2 Include DC fast Include legacy chargers Limit results to within 5 miles Limit results to within 5 miles 12,782 alternative fuel stations in the United States Excluding private stations

319

Los Alamos National Laboratory considers the use of biodiesel.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new EPA-approved alternative fuel, called biodiesel, may soon be used at Los Alamos National Laboratory in everything from diesel trucks to laboratory equipment. Biodiesel transforms vegetable oils into a renewable, cleaner energy source that can be used in any machinery that uses diesel fuel. For the past couple years, the Laboratory has been exploring the possibility of switching over to soybean-based biodiesel. This change could lead to many health and environmental benefits, as well as help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable diesel fuel substitute made from soybean and other vegetable oil crops, as well as from recycled cooking oils. A chemical process breaks down the vegetable oil into a usable form. Vegetable oil has a chain of about 18 carbons and ordinary diesel has about 12 or 13 carbons. The process breaks the carbon chains of the vegetable oil and separates out the glycerin (a fatty substance used in creams and soaps). The co-product of glycerin can be used by pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, as well as many other markets. Once the chains are shortened and the glycerin is removed from the oil, the remaining liquid is similar to petroleum diesel fuel. It can be burned in pure form or in a blend of any proportion with petroleum diesel. To be considered an alternative fuel source by the EPA, the blend must be at least 20 percent biodiesel (B20). According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), biodiesel is America's fastest growing alternative fuel.

Matlin, M. K. (Marla K.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 4 Biodiesel Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 4 Biodiesel Production Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Biodiesel Production fr

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Bio Friendly Fuel Partners LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Bio Friendly Fuel Partners LLC Place Danville, California Zip 94526 Product Biodiesel distributor and plant developer in Califonia. References Bio Friendly Fuel Partners...

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and incentives related to Biodiesel. State Incentives Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Funding The Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant (AFIG) Program...

323

TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION IN VERMONT: EVIDENCE FROM A FARM-SCALE STUDY AND A COMMERCIAL-SCALE SIMULATION ANALYSIS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Concerns about Vermonts dairy farm viability, greenhouse gas emissions, and reliance on fossil fuels have prompted growing interest in the production of biodiesel and oilseed (more)

Stebbins, Emily

324

Impact of Biodiesel Impurities on the Performance and Durability of DOC, DPF and SCR Technologies  

SciTech Connect

It is estimated that operating continuously on a B20 fuel containing the current allowable ASTM specification limits for metal impurities in biodiesel could result in a doubling of ash exposure relative to lube-oil derived ash. The purpose of this study was to determine if a fuel containing metals at the ASTM limits could cause adverse impacts on the performance and durability of diesel emission control systems. An accelerated durability test method was developed to determine the potential impact of these biodiesel impurities. The test program included engine testing with multiple DPF substrate types as well as DOC and SCR catalysts. The results showed no significant degradation in the thermo-mechanical properties of cordierite, aluminum titanate, or silicon carbide DPFs after exposure to 150,000 mile equivalent biodiesel ash and thermal aging. However, exposure of a cordierite DPF to 435,000 mile equivalent aging resulted in a 69% decrease in the thermal shock resistance parameter. It is estimated that the additional ash from 150,000 miles of biodiesel use would also result in a moderate increases in exhaust backpressure for a DPF. A decrease in DOC activity was seen after exposure to 150,000 mile equivalent aging, resulting in higher HC slip and a reduction in NO{sub 2} formation. The metal-zeolite SCR catalyst experienced a slight loss in activity after exposure to 435,000 mile equivalent aging. This catalyst, placed downstream of the DPF, showed a 5% reduction in overall NOx conversion activity over the HDDT test cycle.

Williams, A.; McCormick, R.; Luecke, J.; Brezny, R.; Geisselmann, A.; Voss, K.; Hallstrom, K.; Leustek, M.; Parsons, J.; Abi-Akar, H.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including a current collector in communication with an electrode thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrolytic/fuel cell bundles and systems including such bundles include an electrically conductive current collector in communication with an anode or a cathode of each of a plurality of cells. A cross-sectional area of the current collector may vary in a direction generally parallel to a general direction of current flow through the current collector. The current collector may include a porous monolithic structure. At least one cell of the plurality of cells may include a current collector that surrounds an outer electrode of the cell and has at least six substantially planar exterior surfaces. The planar surfaces may extend along a length of the cell, and may abut against a substantially planar surface of a current collector of an adjacent cell. Methods for generating electricity and for performing electrolysis include flowing current through a conductive current collector having a varying cross-sectional area.

Hawkes, Grant L.; Herring, James S.; Stoots, Carl M.; O& #x27; Brien, James E.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

326

DIESEL FUEL LUBRICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diesel fuel injector and pump systems contain many sliding interfaces that rely for lubrication upon the fuels. The combination of the poor fuel lubricity and extremely tight geometric clearance between the plunger and bore makes the diesel fuel injector vulnerable to scuffing damage that severely limits the engine life. In order to meet the upcoming stricter diesel emission regulations and higher engine efficiency requirements, further fuel refinements that will result in even lower fuel lubricity due to the removal of essential lubricating compounds, more stringent operation conditions, and tighter geometric clearances are needed. These are expected to increase the scuffing and wear vulnerability of the diesel fuel injection and pump systems. In this chapter, two approaches are discussed to address this issue: (1) increasing fuel lubricity by introducing effective lubricity additives or alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, and (2) improving the fuel injector scuffing-resistance by using advanced materials and/or surface engineering processes. The developing status of the fuel modification approach is reviewed to cover topics including fuel lubricity origins, lubricity improvers, alternative fuels, and standard fuel lubricity tests. The discussion of the materials approach is focused on the methodology development for detection of the onset of scuffing and evaluation of the material scuffing characteristics.

Qu, Jun [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Detailed Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanism for Biodiesel Components Methyl Stearate and Methyl Oleate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

New chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms are developed for two of the five major components of biodiesel fuel, methyl stearate and methyl oleate. The mechanisms are produced using existing reaction classes and rules for reaction rates, with additional reaction classes to describe other reactions unique to methyl ester species. Mechanism capabilities were examined by computing fuel/air autoignition delay times and comparing the results with more conventional hydrocarbon fuels for which experimental results are available. Additional comparisons were carried out with measured results taken from jet-stirred reactor experiments for rapeseed methyl ester fuels. In both sets of computational tests, methyl oleate was found to be slightly less reactive than methyl stearate, and an explanation of this observation is made showing that the double bond in methyl oleate inhibits certain low temperature chain branching reaction pathways important in methyl stearate. The resulting detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism includes more approximately 3500 chemical species and more than 17,000 chemical reactions.

Naik, C; Westbrook, C K; Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Mehl, M

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

328

biodiesel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

biodiesel biodiesel Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Source Earth Policy Institute Date Released January 12th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biodiesel Biofuels ethanol EU world Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Summary biofuels data in Excel, multiple tabs with different data (xls, 112.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment "Reuse of our data is permitted. We merely ask that wherever it is listed, it be appropriately cited"

329

Comparing the biodiesel and biogasoil production from different natural triglycerides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regarding the sustainable mobility, product quality and environmental aspects fatty acids methyl esters and biogasoils were compared. They were produced by the transesterification and special hydrocracking (including the isomerization, as well) of triglycerides, ... Keywords: biodiesel, biogasoil, feedstock supply, quality comparison

Jen Hancsk; Zoltn Varga; Sndor Kovcs; Tams Kasza

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Jersey Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in...

331

Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase for biodiesel production by directed evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAR, Metzger JO, Schfer HJ: Oils and fats as renewable rawJ, Liu DH: Conversion of soybean oil to biodiesel fuel usingdielectric environment of the oil and methanol mixture used

Korman, Tyler P; Sahachartsiri, Bobby; Charbonneau, David M; Huang, Grace L; Beauregard, Marc; Bowie, James U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Clean Cities: East Tennessee Clean Fuels coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition The East Tennessee Clean Fuels coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. East Tennessee Clean Fuels coalition Contact Information Jonathan Overly 865-974-3625 jonathan@etcleanfuels.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Jonathan Overly Photo of Jonathan Overly Jonathan Overly founded the East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition (ETCleanFuels) in 2002 and has managed it since its inception. He has spoken to thousands of people across east Tennessee including over 100 companies and organizations about partnering to expand alternative fuel use in the area. Many government and industry fleets are coalition members. Although biodiesel was an early lead fuel for the coalition, more recently

333

Measurement of biodiesel blend and conventional diesel spray structure using x-ray radiography.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The near-nozzle structure of several nonevaporating biodiesel-blend sprays has been studied using X-ray radiography. Radiography allows quantitative measurements of the fuel distribution in sprays to be made with high temporal and spatial resolution. Measurements have been made at different values of injection pressure, ambient density, and with two different nozzle geometries to understand the influences of these parameters on the spray structure of the biodiesel blend. These measurements have been compared with corresponding measurements of Viscor, a diesel calibration fluid, to demonstrate the fuel effects on the spray structure. Generally, the biodiesel-blend spray has a similar structure to the spray of Viscor. For the nonhydroground nozzle used in this study, the biodiesel-blend spray has a slightly slower penetration into the ambient gas than the Viscor spray. The cone angle of the biodiesel-blend spray is generally smaller than that of the Viscor spray, indicating that the biodiesel-blend spray is denser than the Viscor spray. For the hydroground nozzle, both fuels produce sprays with initially wide cone angles that transition to narrow sprays during the steady-state portion of the injection event. These variations in cone angle with time occur later for the biodiesel-blend spray than for the Viscor spray, indicating that the dynamics of the injector needle as it opens are somewhat different for the two fuels.

Kastengren, A. L.; Powell, C. F.; Wang, Y. J.; IM, K. S.; Wang, J.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Tri State Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tri State Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Tri-State Biodiesel LLC Place New York, New York Zip 10009 Product A New York-based producer and retailer of biodiesel....

335

A numerical study comparing the combustion and emission characteristics of biodiesel with petrodiesel.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Combustion and emission characteristics of compression ignition engines strongly depend upon inner-nozzle flow and spray behavior. These processes control the fuel-air mixing, which in turn is critical for the combustion process. Previous studies by us highlighted the differences in the physical and chemical properties of petrodiesel and biodiesel, which significantly altered the inner-nozzle flow and spray structure. The current study is another step in this direction to gain a fundamental understanding on the influence of fuel properties on the combustion and emission characteristics of the compression ignition engine. n-Heptane and methyl butanoate were selected as surrogates for diesel and biodiesel fuels, respectively, because the chemical kinetic pathways were well-understood. Liquid length and flame lift-off length for diesel and biodiesel fuels were validated against data available in the literature. Liquid lengths were always higher for biodiesel because of its higher heat of vaporization, which resulted in increased interplay between spray and combustion processes under all conditions investigated. Ambient air entrainment was also lower for biodiesel mainly because of slower atomization and breakup. The mechanism for flame stabilization is further analyzed by estimating the turbulent burning velocity for both of the fuels. This analysis revealed that neither flame propagation nor isolated ignition kernels upstream and detached from high-temperature regions can be the mechanism for flame stabilization. Flame propagation speeds were observed to be similar for both fuels. Biodiesel predicted lower soot concentrations, which were also reflected in reduced C{sub 2}H{sub 2} mole fractions. Although prompt NO{sub x} was higher for biodiesel, total NO{sub x} was lower because of reduced thermal NO{sub x}. The ignition delay and NO{sub x} emissions predicted by these simulations do not agree with trends reported in the literature; hence, this study highlights the need for better fuel surrogates for diesel and biodiesel fuels.

Som, S.; Longman, D. (Energy Systems)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Students Power Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on AddThis.com... April 14, 2012 Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel

337

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Rio Rico Fire District Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on AddThis.com... March 3, 2013 Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel

338

A comparison of injector flow and spray characteristics of biodiesel with petrodiesel.  

SciTech Connect

Performance and emission characteristics of compression ignition engines depend strongly on inner nozzle flow and spray behavior. These processes control the fuel air mixing, which in turn is critical for the combustion process. The differences in the physical properties of petrodiesel and biodiesel are expected to significantly alter the inner nozzle flow and spray structure and, thus, the performance and emission characteristics of the engine. In this study, the inner nozzle flow dynamics of these fuels are characterized by using the mixture-based cavitation model in FLUENT v6.3. Because of its lower vapor pressure, biodiesel was observed to cavitate less than petrodiesel. Higher viscosity of biodiesel resulted in loss of flow efficiency and reduction in injection velocity. Turbulence levels at the nozzle orifice exit were also lower for biodiesel. Using the recently developed KH-ACT model, which incorporates the effects of cavitation and turbulence in addition to aerodynamic breakup, the inner nozzle flow simulations are coupled with the spray simulations in a 'quasi-dynamic' fashion. Thus, the influence of inner nozzle flow differences on spray development of these fuels could be captured, in addition to the effects of their physical properties. Spray penetration was marginally higher for biodiesel, while cone angle was lower, which was attributed to its poor atomization characteristics. The computed liquid lengths of petrodiesel and biodiesel were compared with data from Sandia National Laboratories. Liquid lengths were higher for biodiesel due to its higher boiling temperature and heat of vaporization. Though the simulations captured this trend well, the liquid lengths were underpredicted, which was attributed to uncertainty about the properties of biodiesel used in the experiments. Parametric studies were performed to determine a single parameter that could be used to account for the observed differences in the fuel injection and spray behavior of petrodiesel and biodiesel; fuel temperature seems to be the best parameter to tune.

Som, S.; Longman, D. E; Ramirez, A. I.; Aggarwal, S. K. (Energy Systems)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Biodiesel Industries Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industries Inc Place Santa Barbara, California Zip 93110 Product Biodiesel producer and facility developer. References Biodiesel Industries Inc1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

340

Tellurian Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tellurian Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Tellurian Biodiesel, Inc. Place San Francisco, California Zip 94110 Product String representation "Tellurian Biodi ... uced...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Biodiesel quality monitoring using vibrational spectroscopy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel production and utilization has been increasing rapidly worldwide in recent years. A main challenge in the commercialization and public acceptance of biodiesel is its (more)

Coronado Higuero, Marcelo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

San Francisco Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Francisco Biodiesel Place San Francisco, California Zip 94103 Product Biodiesel producer based in California. The company is a community coop References San Francisco...

343

Biodiesel Systems LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

supply, build, invest in, and guarantee turn-key biodiesel production and glycerine refining facilities. References Biodiesel Systems, LLC1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

344

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Highlights. Production - U.S. production of biodiesel was 127 million gallons in September 2013. Biodiesel production during September 2013 was about ...

345

Biodiesel Investment Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Biodiesel Investment Group Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75205 Sector Biofuels Product Biodiesel Investment Group is a subsidiary established by Earth Biofuels to...

346

Biodiesel Solutions Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

equipment and accessories to convert used and fresh vegetable oil into clean-burning biodiesel. References Biodiesel Solutions Inc1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

347

Blue Sun Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

held Blue Sun Biodiesel is a breakthrough agriculture energy company, developing oilseed energy crops and production and distribution networks to bring high-performance biodiesel...

348

Big Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References "Big Biodiesel LLC" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBigBiodieselLLC&oldid342724" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies...

349

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Alternative Fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are vehicles designed to operate on alternative fuels such as compressed and liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, and...

350

Patriot BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Little Rock, Arkansas Zip 72201 Product Arkansas-based biodiesel company with production facilities at Stuttgart, Arkansas. References Patriot BioFuels1 LinkedIn...

351

NREL: Technology Deployment - Fuels, Vehicles, and Transportation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in-depth information about biodiesel, electricity, ethanol, hydrogen, natural gas, and propane, as well as the vehicles that use these fuels and the infrastructure used to deliver...

352

Carbonate Fuel Cell Materials and Endurance Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The high-temperature carbonate fuel cell is an ultra-clean and ... Hot Section Corrosion Issues in Microturbines Operating on B100 Bio-Diesel.

353

Low-Temperature Biodiesel Research Reveals Potential Key to Successful Blend Performance (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Relatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option. While biodiesel has very low production costs and the potential to displace up to 10% of petroleum diesel, until now, issues with cold weather performance have prevented biodiesel blends from being widely adopted. Some biodiesel blends have exhibited unexplained low-temperature performance problems even at blend levels as low as 2% by volume. The most common low-temperature performance issue is vehicle stalling caused by fuel filter clogging, which prevents fuel from reaching the engine. Research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) reveals the properties responsible for these problems, clearing a path for the development of solutions and expanded use of energy-conserving and low-emissions alternative fuel. NREL researchers set out to study the unpredictable nature of biodiesel crystallization, the condition that impedes the flow of fuel in cold weather. Their research revealed for the first time that saturated monoglyceride impurities common to the biodiesel manufacturing process create crystals that can cause fuel filter clogging and other problems when cooling at slow rates. Biodiesel low-temperature operational problems are commonly referred to as 'precipitates above the cloud point (CP).' NREL's Advanced Biofuels team spiked distilled soy and animal fat-derived B100, as well as B20, B10, and B5 biodiesel blends with three saturated monoglycerides (SMGs) at concentration levels comparable to those of real-world fuels. Above a threshold or eutectic concentration, the SMGs (monomyristin, monopalmitin, and monostearin) were shown to significantly raise the biodiesel CP, and had an even greater impact on the final melting temperature. Researchers discovered that upon cooling, monoglyceride initially precipitates as a metastable crystal, but it transforms over time or upon slight heating into a more stable crystal with a much lower solubility and higher melting temperature - and with increased potential to cause vehicle performance issues. This explains why fuel-filter clogging typically occurs over the course of long, repeated diurnal cooling cycles. The elevated final melting points mean that restarting vehicles with clogged filters can be difficult even after ambient temperatures have warmed to well above CP. By examining how biodiesel impurities affect filtration and crystallization during warming and cooling cycles, NREL researchers uncovered an explanation for poor biodiesel performance at low temperatures. The observation of a eutectic point, or a concentration below which SMGs have no effect, indicates that SMGs do not have to be completely removed from biodiesel to solve low-temperature performance problems.

Not Available

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Biosolids for Biodiesel USDA SBIR 2003-000450  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project was to determine if municipal biosolids are suitable fertilizer for growing canola for the production of biodiesel fuel. It is desirable to use biosolids as a fertilizer for canola for two reasons: farmers using biosolids as a nutrient base reduce costs associated with growing canola, and this offers

Brown, Sally

355

Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it as chemical energy. This presents a route for renewable and carbon-neutral fuel production. However, currentSecond Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production Peer M. Schenk that are not only renewable, but also capable of sequestering atmospheric CO2. Currently, nearly all renewable

Kudela, Raphael M.

356

Universal detectors for determination of lipids in biodiesel production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel is often produced by reacting plant or animal oils with an alcohol to form the desired alkyl esters as fuel, and this transesterification is typically achieved using a base. This also produces free glycerol and acylglycerols as impurities in the

357

Microsoft Word - Biodiesel.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 April 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Biodiesel Supply and Consumption in the Short-Term Energy Outlook 1 Introduction The historical biodiesel consumption data published in the EIA Monthly Energy Review (http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/contents.html) March 2009 edition were revised to account for imports and exports. Table 10.4 of the Monthly Energy Review was expanded to display biodiesel imports, exports, stocks, stock change, and consumption. Similar revisions were made in the April 2009 edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Biodiesel production, net imports, and consumption history and forecasts have been added to the STEO Custom Table

358

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Alternative Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sprays Alternative fuel sprays Non-petroleum fuels are gaining popularity in the U.S. Ethanol is being blended with gasoline in varying proportions, and biodiesel is being sold at...

359

Planet Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuels Place Brighton, United Kingdom Product A UK based producer and supplier of biodiesel. References Planet Fuels1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase...

360

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuels and Lubricants Research Fuels and Lubricants Research As transportation accounts for two-thirds of the nearly $1 billion the U.S. spends daily on foreign oil, it is vital to increase our use of alternative fuels. Increasing the fuels available to drivers reduces price volatility, supports domestic industries, and increases environmental sustainability. The DOE's Alternative Fuels Data Center provides basic information on alternative fuels, including Biodiesel, Ethanol, Natural Gas, Propane, and Hydrogen. The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research to improve how vehicles use these many of these fuels in the future, as well as activities to increase their availability today. It also researches how new petroleum-based fuels affect advanced combustion systems and how lubricants can improve the efficiency of vehicles currently on the road.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind Biodiesel Project Green  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Through extensive collaboration, Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind (AIDB) is Alabama's first educational entity to initiate a biodiesel public education, student training and production program, Project Green. With state and national replication potential, Project Green benefits local businesses and city infrastructures within a 120-mile radius; provides alternative education to Alabama school systems and to schools for the deaf and blind in Appalachian States; trains students with sensory and/or multiple disabilities in the acquisition and production of biodiesel; and educates the external public on alternative fuels benefits.

Edmiston, Jessica L

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

362

The Study of Particulate Emissions of Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel-Diesel Blends Using Thermo-gravimetric Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particulate emissions of engine fuelled different proportions of Pistacia chinensis Bunge seed biodiesel-dieselblends were collected under different fuel supplying advance dangles and different operating conditions. The change of volatile organic fractions ... Keywords: Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis, Biodiesel, Engine, Particulate Emissions

Ma Zhihao; Zhang Xiaoyu; Wang Xin; Xu Bin; Wu Jian

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tennessee Incentives and Laws Tennessee Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biodiesel Production Incentive Expired: 06/30/2013 The Tennessee Department of Revenue administers the biodiesel manufacturers' incentive fund, which provides Tennessee biodiesel producers with payments for biodiesel fuel produced and sold to Tennessee distributors. Each manufacturer may receive incentives for up to 10 million gallons of biodiesel produced annually. This incentive is available through June 30, 2013, and funding must be appropriated each year. (Reference Tennessee Code 67-3-103 and 67-3-423) Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Incentive - ECOtality

364

SeQuential Pacific Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pacific Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name SeQuential-Pacific Biodiesel LLC Place Oregon Sector Biofuels Product JV between SeQuential Biofuels, Pacific Biodiesel, and...

365

Biodiesel Safety and Best Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engine problems or excessive emissions during use. Most enthusiastic newcomers to biodiesel production engineers, regulators, and educators in the field of small-scale biodiesel production and use. Please note optIons From BIomass oIl Feedstocks While early diesel engines demonstrated an ability to run on crude

Lee, Dongwon

366

Performance of Transuranic-Loaded Fully Ceramic Micro-Encapsulated Fuel in LWRs Final Report, Including Void Reactivity Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The current focus of the Deep Burn Project is on once-through burning of transuranics (TRU) in light-water reactors (LWRs). The fuel form is called Fully-Ceramic Micro-encapsulated (FCM) fuel, a concept that borrows the tri-isotropic (TRISO) fuel particle design from high-temperature reactor technology. In the Deep Burn LWR (DB-LWR) concept, these fuel particles are pressed into compacts using SiC matrix material and loaded into fuel pins for use in conventional LWRs. The TRU loading comes from the spent fuel of a conventional LWR after 5 years of cooling. Unit cell and assembly calculations have been performed using the DRAGON-4 code to assess the physics attributes of TRU-only FCM fuel in an LWR lattice. Depletion calculations assuming an infinite lattice condition were performed with calculations of various reactivity coefficients performed at each step. Unit cells and assemblies containing typical UO2 and mixed oxide (MOX) fuel were analyzed in the same way to provide a baseline against which to compare the TRU-only FCM fuel. Then, assembly calculations were performed evaluating the performance of heterogeneous arrangements of TRU-only FCM fuel pins along with UO2 pins.

Michael A. Pope; R. Sonat Sen; Brian Boer; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Gilles Youinou

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Processing of Soybean Oil into Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Abundant and easily refined, petroleum has provided high energy density liquid fuels for a century. However, recent price fluctuations, shortages, and concerns over the long term supply and greenhouse gas emissions have encouraged the development of alternatives to petroleum for liquid transportation fuels (Van Gerpen, Shanks et al. 2004). Plant-based fuels include short chain alcohols, now blended with gasoline, and biodiesels, commonly derived from seed oils. Of plant-derived diesel feedstocks, soybeans yield the most of oil by weight, up to 20% (Mushrush, Willauer et al. 2009), and so have become the primary source of biomass-derived diesel in the United States and Brazil (Lin, Cunshan et al. 2011). Worldwide ester biodiesel production reached over 11,000,000 tons per year in 2008 (Emerging Markets 2008). However, soybean oil cannot be burned directly in modern compression ignition vehicle engines as a direct replacement for diesel fuel because of its physical properties that can lead to clogging of the engine fuel line and problems in the fuel injectors, such as: high viscosity, high flash point, high pour point, high cloud point (where the fuel begins to gel), and high density (Peterson, Cook et al. 2001). Industrial production of biodiesel from oil of low fatty-acid content often follows homogeneous base-catalyzed transesterification, a sequential reaction of the parent triglyceride with an alcohol, usually methanol, into methyl ester and glycerol products. The conversion of the triglyceride to esterified fatty acids improves the characteristics of the fuel, allowing its introduction into a standard compression engine without giving rise to serious issues with flow or combustion. Commercially available biodiesel, a product of the transesterification of fats and oils, can also be blended with standard diesel fuel up to a maximum of 20 vol.%. In the laboratory, the fuel characteristics of unreacted soybean oil have also been improved by dilution with petroleum based fuels, or by aerating and formation of microemulsions. However, it is the chemical conversion of the oil to fuel that has been the area of most interest. The topic has been reviewed extensively (Van Gerpen, Shanks et al. 2004), so this aspect will be the focus in this chapter. Important aspects of the chemistry of conversion of oil into diesel fuel remain the same no matter the composition of the triglyceride. Hence, although the focus in this book is on soybean oil, studies on other plant based oils and simulated oils have occasional mention in this chapter. Valuable data can be taken on systems that are simpler than soybean based oils, with fewer or shorter chain components. Sometimes the triglycerides will behave differently under reaction conditions, and when relevant, these have been noted in the text. Although the price of diesel fuel has increased, economical production of biodiesel is a challenge because of (1) the increasing price of soybean oil feedstocks and reagent methanol, (2) a distributed supply of feedstocks that reduces the potential for economies of scale, (3) processing conditions that include pressures and temperatures above ambient, and (4) multiple processing steps needed to reduce contaminant levels to ASTM specification D6751 limits (Vasudevan & Briggs 2008). Much of the cost of biodiesel production is related to the conversion of the oil to the methyl ester and so there has been an emphasis to research improved methods of converting soybean oil to biodiesel. However, most of these studies have taken place at the bench scale, and have not demonstrated a marked improvement in yield or reduced oil-to-methanol ratio in comparison with standard base-catalyzed transesterification. One aspect that has a short term chance of implementation is the improvement of the conversion process by the use of a continuous rather than batch process, with energy savings generated by combined reaction and separation, online analysis, and reagent methanol added by titration as needed to produce ASTM specification grade fuel. By adapting process intensif

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

E85 and Biodiesel Deployment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presentation outlines industry trends and statistics revolving around the use and production of ethanol and biodiesel.

Harrow, G.

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

369

Life cycle inventory of biodiesel and petroleum diesel for use in an urban bus. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the findings from a study of the life cycle inventories for petroleum diesel and biodiesel. It presents information on raw materials extracted from the environment, energy resources consumed, and air, water, and solid waste emissions generated. Biodiesel is a renewable diesel fuel substitute. It can be made from a variety of natural oils and fats. Biodiesel is made by chemically combining any natural oil or fat with an alcohol such as methanol or ethanol. Methanol has been the most commonly used alcohol in the commercial production of biodiesel. In Europe, biodiesel is widely available in both its neat form (100% biodiesel, also known as B1OO) and in blends with petroleum diesel. European biodiesel is made predominantly from rapeseed oil (a cousin of canola oil). In the United States, initial interest in producing and using biodiesel has focused on the use of soybean oil as the primary feedstock mainly because the United States is the largest producer of soybean oil in the world. 170 figs., 148 tabs.

Sheehan, J.; Camobreco, V.; Duffield, J.; Graboski, M.; Shapouri, H.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

AZ Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AZ Biodiesel AZ Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name AZ Biodiesel Place Chandler, Arizona Zip 85225 Product AZ Biodiesel is a biodiesel producer that announced plans in July 2008 to relocate and reopen its main processing facility to Gilbert, Arizona. Coordinates 32.307977°, -95.479539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.307977,"lon":-95.479539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

371

Research Article Rapeseed Oil Monoester of Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether as a New Biodiesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright 2011 Jiang Dayong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. A novel biodiesel named rapeseed oil monoester of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is developed. This fuel has one more ester group than the traditional biodiesel. The fuel was synthesized and structurally identified through FT-IR and P 1P H NMR analyses. Engine test results show that when a tested diesel engine is fueled with this biodiesel in place of 0 # diesel fuel, engine-out smoke emissions can be decreased by 25.0%75.0%, CO emissions can be reduced by 50.0%, and unburned HC emissions are lessened significantly. However, NOx emissions generally do not change noticeably. In the area of combustion performance, both engine in-cylinder pressure and its changing rate with crankshaft angle are increased to some extent. Rapeseed oil monoester of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether has a much higher cetane number and shorter ignition delay, leading to autoignition 1.1 ? CA earlier than diesel fuel during engine operation. Because of certain amount of oxygen contained in the new biodiesel, the engine thermal efficiency is improved 13.5%20.4 % when fueled with the biodiesel compared with diesel fuel. 1.

Jiang Dayong; Wang Xuanjun; Liu Shuguang; Guo Hejun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Biodiesel, Biodiesel Feedstock, and Alcohol Fuel Production Property...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View...

373

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 11 Glycerol Technology Options for Biodiesel Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 11 Glycerol Technology Options for Biodiesel Industry Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press Downloadable pdf of Ch

374

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 8 Current Status of the Biodiesel Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 8 Current Status of the Biodiesel Industry Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 8 Cur

375

Mobile Alternative Fueling Station Locator  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fueling Station Locator Alternative Fueling Station Locator Fuel Type Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) Location Enter a city, postal code, or address Include private stations Not all stations are open to the public. Choose this option to also search private fueling stations. Search Caution: The AFDC recommends that users verify that stations are open, available to the public, and have the fuel prior to making a trip to that location. Some stations in our database have addresses that could not be located by the Station Locator application. This may result in the station appearing in the center of the zip code area instead of the actual location. If you're having difficulty, please contact the technical response team at

376

Fuel cell integral bundle assembly including ceramic open end seal and vertical and horizontal thermal expansion control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A plurality of integral bundle assemblies contain a top portion with an inlet fuel plenum and a bottom portion containing a base support, the base supports a dense, ceramic air exhaust manifold having four supporting legs, the manifold is below and connects to air feed tubes located in a recuperator zone, the air feed tubes passing into the center of inverted, tubular, elongated, hollow electrically connected solid oxide fuel cells having an open end above a combustion zone into which the air feed tubes pass and a closed end near the inlet fuel plenum, where the open end of the fuel cells rest upon and within a separate combination ceramic seal and bundle support contained in a ceramic support casting, where at least one flexible cushion ceramic band seal located between the recuperator and fuel cells protects and controls horizontal thermal expansion, and where the fuel cells operate in the fuel cell mode and where the base support and bottom ceramic air exhaust manifolds carry from 85% to all of the weight of the generator.

Zafred, Paolo R. (Murrysville, PA); Gillett, James E. (Greensburg, PA)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

377

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Kansas City Greens Its Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas City Greens Its Fleet With Natural Gas and Biodiesel on AddThis.com...

378

Operational and policy implications of managing uncertainty in quality and emissions of multi-feedstock biodiesel systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As an alternative transportation fuel to petrodiesel, biodiesel has been widely promoted within national energy portfolio targets across the world. Early estimations of low lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of ...

Gl?en, Ece

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine From Various Biodiesel Feedstock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing fuel prices, stricter government policies, and technological developments made it possible to seek for renewable alternatives, called biofuels, to petroleum fuel. Biodiesel, a biofuel that is produced from chemically mixing animal fat, vegetable oils, or recycled restaurant grease with alcohol and catalyst, is gaining popularity in recent years as a substitute for petroleum diesel. Ninety percent (90%) of U.S. biodiesel industry makes use of soybean oil as its feedstock. However, soybean oil alone cannot meet such a huge demand on biofuel production. Hence, it is important to identify and get more information about other feedstocks, specifically on its effects on the performance and exhaust emissions of diesel engines. The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance and emissions of two diesel engines operating on different biodiesel fuels (i.e. canola oil, sunflower oil, safflower oil, peanut oil, and chicken fat) and compare them to the performance and emissions when the engine is operated on soybean oil-based biodiesel and petroleum-based diesel. Results indicated that an engine operating on biodiesel generates a little less power and torque at any given speed than one running on diesel. Such power and torque loss were attributed to the biodiesel's lower energy content. The lower heating value (energy content) of biodiesel can be reflected in the specific fuel consumption, i.e., to generate the same power, more biodiesel is needed. The reduction in torque and power of less than 10% indicates that in some cases biodiesel has better combustion than diesel. Unfortunately, the high efficiency of combustion may give rise to increased combustion temperature which may lead to higher exhaust emissions. The gradual decrease in the total hydrocarbon and CO2 emissions, as blends were increased from B20 to B100, was also found to be an indication of better combustion using biodiesel fuels than petroleum diesel. However, NOx emissions were higher, predominantly at low speeds for most biodiesel and blends and therefore may require some additives or engine modifications/or adjustments to equalize the NOx emissions of diesel. Other emissions particularly SO2 were lower than standards require.

Santos, Bjorn Sanchez

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Impact of Biodiesel on the Oxidation Kinetics and Morphology of Diesel Particulate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We compare the oxidation characteristics of four different diesel particulates generated with a modern light-duty engine. The four particulates represent engine fueling with conventional ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), biodiesel, and two intermediate blends of these fuels. The comparisons discussed here are based on complementary measurements implemented in a laboratory micro-reactor, including temperature programmed desorption and oxidation, pulsed isothermal oxidation, and BET surface area. From these measurements we have derived models that are consistent with the observed oxidation reactivity differences. When accessible surface area effects are properly accounted for, the oxidation kinetics of the fixed carbon components were found to consistently exhibit an Arrhenius activation energy of 113 6 kJ/mol. Release of volatile carbon from the as-collected particulate appears to follow a temperaturedependent rate law.

Strzelec, Andrea [ORNL; Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Eligibility Commercial Industrial Program Information Kentucky...

382

Hydrogen Fueling in California Catherine Dunwoody  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and biodiesel, and methods were identified for estimating future prices for transportation electricity, natural energy, gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, ethanol, E85, propane, biodiesel, transportation fuel demand, demand)......................................................................................................15 FIGURE 5: Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost (RAC), Gasoline and Diesel Crude-to-Retail Price

California at Davis, University of

383

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mississippi Incentives and Laws Mississippi Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Natural Gas Fuel Rate Reduction and Vehicle Incentives Archived: 06/01/2013 Atmos Energy offers incentives for natural gas vehicles on a case-by-case basis and offers special rates for natural gas when used to operate a vehicle. Biodiesel Committee Archived: 01/01/2007 A Study Committee on the Potential Use of Biodiesel Fuel was created in 2006 to study the need for mandated use of biodiesel and the agricultural and environmental benefits of biodiesel use. (Reference Senate Bill 2942, 2006) Economic Development Fund

384

EPA finalizes Renewable Fuel Standard for 2013; additional ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... of producing significant volumes of non-ethanol advanced biofuels fuels such as biodiesel, renewable diesel, and biogas; Lacking foresight into EPA's future ...

385

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle's Waste Haulers are Going...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

truck, with sign that reads propelled by natural gas. Project at a Glance Fleet Type: Refuse collection Fuel: CNG, biodiesel Infrastructure: CNG public station Motivation:...

386

Alternative Fueling Station Locator App Provides Info at Your...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

stations that offer electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, E85, propane, or hydrogen. | Energy Department The Alternative Fueling Station Locator iPhone app helps you find...

387

Home Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Home Biodiesel Place Marysville, California Zip 95901 Product Manufacturer of small scale biodiesel equipment. Coordinates 48.05969°, -122.176922° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.05969,"lon":-122.176922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

388

General Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Address 4034 West Marginal Way Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98106 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to turn waste cooking oil and animal fat into feedstock for biodiesel Website http://generalbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.5677317°, -122.3542271° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.5677317,"lon":-122.3542271,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

389

Applications of Highly Cross Linked Mixed Bed Ion Exchange Resins in Biodiesel Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels are a promising solution to society's quest for sustainable energy. In the transportation sector, biodiesel is the leading alternative diesel fuel currently in use today. However, the current global and domestic production of biodiesel is far below the petro-diesel consumption and demand. To increase the availability of biodiesel in the market, new methods of biodiesel production must be developed to take advantage of the plentiful low quality waste derived feed stocks that currently present problems to biodiesel production using conventional methods. This research presents one new approach based upon using heterogeneous highly cross linked mixed bed solid phase catalysts to facilitate the production of biodiesel from feed stocks with high concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA). The performance of the heterogeneous mixed bed catalysts method developed in this research was evaluated and optimized for catalyst concentration and reaction duration while the mixing rate, reaction temperature, initial FFA composition of the feed stock and the alcohol-to-oil molar ratio were kept constant. The presented method reduces the FFA content of the starting feed stock while limiting the release of water into the reaction. Through experimentation, it was found that FFA removal with the mixed bed resin is due to ion exchange with the quaternary ammonium functional group and not catalysis to form esters. A model describing the heterogeneous processing method is presented. The outcome of this research is the development of a new processing method that can be used to create biodiesel from poor quality raw feed stock materials.

Jamal, Yousuf

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters): Experiments and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters and reduced exhaust emissions have led to the emergence of new fuels and combustion devices. Over the past ten years, considerable effort has gone into understanding combustion phenomena in relation to emerging fuel

391

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Biofuels Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels Projects Biofuels Projects NREL biofuels projects help overcome technical barriers and expand markets for renewable, biodegradable vehicle fuels. These new liquid fuels include higher-level ethanol blends, butanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel, and other biomass-derived fuels. NREL's biofuels research and development helps improve engine efficiency, reduce polluting emissions, and improve U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependency. Biofuels for Diesel Engines NREL's diesel biofuels research and development focuses on developing fuel quality standards and demonstrating compatibility with engines and emission control systems. Highly efficient heavy-duty diesel truck engines are the primary power source for global transportation of freight. Light-duty diesel-fueled passenger vehicles have much higher fuel economy than

392

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicles and Fuels Research News Vehicles and Fuels Research News The following news stories highlight vehicles and fuels research at NREL. December 23, 2013 NREL and Thought Leaders Gather at Electric Vehicle Battery Management Summit NREL researchers will gather with U.S. Department of Energy program directors and technology managers, and other thought leaders to exchange strategies for maximizing the performance, safety, and lifespan of electric-drive vehicle batteries. November 7, 2013 NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station Locations Released iPhone users now have access to a free application that locates fueling stations offering alternative fuels, including electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, e85 Ethanol, propane and hydrogen. The Energy Department's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the new mobile

393

Agri Source Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agri-Source Fuels Place Pensacola, Florida Zip 32505 Product Biodiesel producer located in Florida that owns a plant in Dade City. References Agri-Source Fuels1 LinkedIn...

394

Ag Fuels Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ag Fuels Ltd Place Sealy, Texas Product 3.6Mgpl (13.6Mlpy) biodiesel producer in Sealy, Texas. References Ag Fuels Ltd1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase...

395

Alternative Fuel Driver Training Companion Manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Training manual serves as a companion to alternative fuel training presentations on the fueling and use of vehicles that run on compressed natural gas, biodiesel, E85, and propane.

Not Available

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Continuous Production of Biodiesel Via an Intensified Reactive/Extractive Process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is considered as a means to diversify our supply of transportation fuel, addressing the goal of reducing our dependence on oil. For a number of reasons ranging from production issues to end use, biodiesel represents only a small fraction of the transportation fuel used worldwide. This work addresses the aspect of biodiesel production that limits it to a slow batch process. Conventional production methods are batch in nature, based on the assumption that the rates of the key chemical reactions are slow. The hypothesis motivating this work is that the reaction kinetics for the transesterification of the reagent triglyceride is sufficiently fast, particularly in an excess of catalyst, and that interfacial mass transfer and phase separation control the process. If this is the case, an intensified two-phase reactor adapted from solvent extraction equipment may be utilized to greatly increase biodiesel production rates by increasing interphase transport and phase separation. To prove this idea, we are investigating two aspects: (1) determining the rate-limiting step in biodiesel production by evaluating the reaction kinetics, and (2) enhancing biodiesel production rates by using an intensified reactor. A centrifugal contactor combining interphase mass transfer, chemical reaction, and phase separation is employed for process intensification.

Tsouris, Costas [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL; Jennings, Hal L [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

NREL: News - NREL Survey Shows Dramatic Improvement in B100 Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

213 213 NREL Survey Shows Dramatic Improvement in B100 Biodiesel Quality April 15, 2013 The latest national survey of 100% biodiesel (B100) "blend stock" samples by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) found that 95% of the samples from 2011-12 met ASTM International fuel quality specifications. The ASTM standards serve as guidelines for industry and are designed to ensure quality at the pump for consumers - along with reliable operation of the nation's vehicles powered by biodiesel blends. "The survey showed a major improvement over results from previous years," NREL Senior Chemist Teresa Alleman said. "In our 2007 survey of B100 biodiesel, less than half of the samples met quality specifications.

398

Life-Cycle Assessment of the Use of Jatropha Biodiesel in Indian Locomotives (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

With India's transportation sector relying heavily on imported petroleum-based fuels, the Planning Commission of India and the Indian government recommended the increased use of blended biodiesel in transportation fleets, identifying Jatropha as a potentially important biomass feedstock. The Indian Oil Corporation and Indian Railways are collaborating to increase the use of biodiesel blends in Indian locomotives with blends of up to B20, aiming to reduce GHG emissions and decrease petroleum consumption. To help evaluate the potential for Jatropha-based biodiesel in achieving sustainability and energy security goals, this study examines the life cycle, net GHG emission, net energy ratio, and petroleum displacement impacts of integrating Jatropha-based biodiesel into locomotive operations in India. In addition, this study identifies the parameters that have the greatest impact on the sustainability of the system.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Life-Cycle Assessment of the Use of Jatropha Biodiesel in Indian Locomotives (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With India's transportation sector relying heavily on imported petroleum-based fuels, the Planning Commission of India and the Indian government recommended the increased use of blended biodiesel in transportation fleets, identifying Jatropha as a potentially important biomass feedstock. The Indian Oil Corporation and Indian Railways are collaborating to increase the use of biodiesel blends in Indian locomotives with blends of up to B20, aiming to reduce GHG emissions and decrease petroleum consumption. To help evaluate the potential for Jatropha-based biodiesel in achieving sustainability and energy security goals, this study examines the life cycle, net GHG emission, net energy ratio, and petroleum displacement impacts of integrating Jatropha-based biodiesel into locomotive operations in India. In addition, this study identifies the parameters that have the greatest impact on the sustainability of the system.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Table 2. U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks" U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks" "(million gallons)" "Period","B100 Production",,"Sales of B100",,"Sales of B100 Included in Biodiesel Blends",,"Ending Stocks of B100",,"B100 Stock Change" 2011 "January",35.355469,,21.760435,,9.397668,,16.705962,,3.900173 "February",40.342355,,27.263997,,13.027514,,17.367083,,0.661121 "March",59.59017,,40.879532,,16.804541,,19.178192,,1.811109 "April",71.0517,,47.320311,,21.819273,,21.000047,,1.821855 "May",77.196652,,49.520679,,27.20637,,23.448551,,2.448504 "June",81.39104,,61.776718,,23.965853,,19.302451,,-4.1461 "July",91.679738,,65.997152,,22.388332,,22.956565,,3.654114

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

2nd International Congress on Biodiesel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Listen to the experts while viewing their synchronized PowerPoint slides as presented at the 2nd International Congress on Biodiesel in Munich, Germany. 2nd International Congress on Biodiesel Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel DVD & CD-ROMs Biofuel

402

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Standard At least 2% of all diesel fuel sold in Washington must be biodiesel or renewable diesel. This requirement will increase to 5% 180 days after the

403

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Use All state employees operating flexible fuel or diesel vehicles as part of the state fleet must use E85 or biodiesel blends whenever reasonably available. Additionally, the Nebraska Transportation Services Bureau and

404

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Missouri Incentives and Laws Missouri Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive Expired: 07/01/2012 Through the 2011-2012 school year, school districts are allowed to establish contracts with nonprofit, farmer-owned, new generation cooperatives to purchase biodiesel blends of 20% (B20) or higher for use in operating buses. Every school district that contracts with an eligible new generation cooperative for biodiesel will receive an additional payment through its state transportation aid payment if there is an incremental cost to purchase the biodiesel. (Reference Missouri Revised Statutes

405

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Promotion Recognizing that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel will be an important part of the state's energy economy and advanced research in

406

Washington Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: Washington Biodiesel Name Washington Biodiesel Address 3401 Fremont Avenue N. Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to grow biodiesel feedstock Website http://wabiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.6495905°, -122.3497956° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6495905,"lon":-122.3497956,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

407

Fleet Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fleet Biodiesel Fleet Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Fleet Biodiesel Address 7710 Balboa Ave Place San Diego, California Zip 92111 Sector Biofuels Product Develops and sells diagnostic test kits for new biofuels coming to market Website http://www.fleetbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 32.822245°, -117.157914° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.822245,"lon":-117.157914,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

408

Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Advanced Transportation Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Development of detailed chemical kinetic models for advanced petroleum-based and nonpetroleum based fuels is a difficult challenge because of the hundreds to thousands of different components in these fuels and because some of these fuels contain components that have not been considered in the past. It is important to develop detailed chemical kinetic models for these fuels since the models can be put into engine simulation codes used for optimizing engine design for maximum efficiency and minimal pollutant emissions. For example, these chemistry-enabled engine codes can be used to optimize combustion chamber shape and fuel injection timing. They also allow insight into how the composition of advanced petroleum-based and non-petroleum based fuels affect engine performance characteristics. Additionally, chemical kinetic models can be used separately to interpret important in-cylinder experimental data and gain insight into advanced engine combustion processes such as HCCI and lean burn engines. The objectives are: (1) Develop detailed chemical kinetic reaction models for components of advanced petroleum-based and non-petroleum based fuels. These fuels models include components from vegetable-oil-derived biodiesel, oil-sand derived fuel, alcohol fuels and other advanced bio-based and alternative fuels. (2) Develop detailed chemical kinetic reaction models for mixtures of non-petroleum and petroleum-based components to represent real fuels and lead to efficient reduced combustion models needed for engine modeling codes. (3) Characterize the role of fuel composition on efficiency and pollutant emissions from practical automotive engines.

PItz, W J; Westbrook, C K; Herbinet, O

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

409

Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator Check Out the New Alternative Fuel Station Locator November 19, 2012 - 2:29pm Addthis Find Stations Plan a Route Location: Go Start: End: Go Fuel: All Fuels Biodiesel (B20 and above) Compressed Natural Gas Electric Ethanol (E85) Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) more search options close × More Search Options Include private stations Include planned stations Owner All Private Federal State Local Utility Payment All American Express Discover MasterCard VISA Cash Checks CFN Clean Energy Fuel Man Gas Card PHH Services Voyager WEX Electric charger types Include level 1 Include level 2 Include DC fast Include legacy chargers Limit results to within 5 miles Limit results to within 5 miles

410

Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releases less ai

Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator] [Co-Principal Investigator

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

PERFORMANCE OF THE CAPSTONE C30 MICROTURBINE ON BIODIESEL BENDS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report will describe the tests of biodiesel blends as a fuel in a Capstone oil fired microturbine (C30) with a nominal rating of 30 kW. The blends, in ASTM No. 2 heating oil, ranged from 0% to 100% biodiesel. No changes were made to the microturbine system for operation on the blends. Apart from the data that the control computer acquires on various turbine parameters, measurements were made in the hot gas exhaust from the turbine. The results from this performance testing and from the atomization tests reported previously provide some insight into the use of biodiesel blends in microturbines of this type. The routine use of such blends would need more tests to establish that the life of the critical components of the microturbine are not diminished from what they are on the baseline diesel or heating fuel. Of course, the extension to 'widespread' use of such blends in generating systems based on the microturbine is also determined by economic and other considerations.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A review of chromatographic characterization techniques for biodiesel and biodiesel blends.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review surveys chromatographic technology that has been applied to the characterization of biodiesel and its blends. Typically, biodiesel consists of fatty acid methyl esters produced by transesterification of plant or animal derived triacylglycerols. Primary attention is given to the determination of trace impurities in biodiesel, such as methanol, glycerol, mono-, di-, and triacylglycerols, and sterol glucosides. The determination of the fatty acid methyl esters, trace impurities in biodiesel, and the determination of the biodiesel content of commercial blends of biodiesel in conventional diesel are also addressed.

Pauls, R. E. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms Physical Properties of Normal Grade Biodiesel and Winter Grade Biodiesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the thermal diffusivity of normal grade biodiesel. This is attributed to the higher palmitic acid C16:0 content in normal grade than in winter grade palm oil biodiesel.

Amir Reza Sadrolhosseini; Mohd Maarof Moksin; Harrison Lau; Lik Nang; Monir Norozi; W. Mahmood; Mat Yunus; Azmi Zakaria

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Look back at the U. S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae; Close-Out Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Laboratory Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL/TP-580-24190 A Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae Close-Out Report NREL/TP-580-24190 A Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program-Biodiesel from Algae July 1998 By John Sheehan Terri Dunahay John Benemann Paul Roessler Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fuels Development

415

Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae; Close-Out Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Aquatic Species Program was a relatively small research effort intended to look at the use of aquatic plants as sources of energy. Its history dates back to 1978, but much of the research from 1978 to 1982 focused on using algae to produce hydrogen. The program switched emphasis to other transportation fuels, particularly biodiesel, beginning in the early 1980's. This report summarizes the research activities carried out from 1980 to 1996, with an emphasis on algae for biodiesel production.

Sheehan, J.; Dunahay, T.; Benemann, J.; Roessler, P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment emissions from corn/ethanol and wood bio- fuelMulti-modal emissions Corn-ethanol production, energy use:biodiesel fuel cycles, and corn/ ethanol fuel cycles. GHGCH

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Biodiesel Emissions Testing with a Modern Diesel Engine - Equipment Only: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-399  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To evaluate the emissions and performance impact of biodiesel in a modern diesel engine equipped with a diesel particulate filter. This testing is in support of the Non-Petroleum Based Fuels (NPBF) 2010 Annual Operating Plan (AOP).

Williams, A.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

NREL: Learning - Alternative Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuels Alternative Fuels Photo of a man standing next to a large heavy-duty truck cab while the truck is being filled with biodiesel at a refueling station. As part of its work for the Clean Cities program, NREL helps people find and use alternative fuels such as biodiesel. Credit: L.L. Bean To reduce our growing dependence on imported oil, our nation's researchers are working with industry to develop several different kinds of alternative fuels. Some of these fuels can either be blended with petroleum while some are alternatives to petroleum. Using alternative fuels can also help to curb exhaust emissions and contribute to a healthier environment. Most of today's conventional cars, vans, trucks, or buses can already run on some alternative fuels, such as blends of gasoline or diesel fuel that

419

National Biodiesel Board: Food and Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects in cropping systems, botheffects in cropping systems, botheffects in cropping systems, botheffects@ucdavis.edu srkaffka@ucdavis.edu Cropping Pattern Identification 10 years of pesticide use/crop choice data for most of the crop producing areas of California. Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) data is on 1-section units

420

Infinifuel Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Infinifuel Biodiesel Infinifuel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Infinifuel Biodiesel Place Dayton, Nevada Zip 89403 Sector Geothermal energy Product A Nevada-based firm developing the Infinifuel Wabuska 18.9m-litre (5.0m-gallon) per year biodiesel plant to be operated with 5.0MW of geothermally-produced energy. Coordinates 44.87672°, -107.262744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.87672,"lon":-107.262744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Chemical transformations are essential to all living organisms--and also to the manufacture of many products including fuels,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interests include plasma waste gasification, plasma torches, spectroscopy, plasma medicine, and holographic2512 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 36, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2008 Experimental Investigation-power microwave breakdown based on measured laser breakdown observations. Comparison of 193-nm laser

Kemner, Ken

422

Sweet Smell of Renewable Fuel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

that powers trucks and cars. While most biodiesel fuels currently come from vegetable oil, the researchers at JBEI took a different track, and looked at a compound called...

423

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion from soybean to corn ethanol production in theproduced in the US: corn ethanol and soybean biodiesel. USDAdifferent fuels such as corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol,

Sperling, Daniel; Farrell, Alexander

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion from soybean to corn ethanol production in theproduced in the US: corn ethanol and soybean biodiesel. USDAdifferent fuels such as corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Alternative Fuel News Vol. 6- No. 1, Part 1 pages 1-8  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(but accurate). Why do more governments and businesses use ethanol, natural gas, propane, elec- tricity, and biodiesel? Not because these fuels are "alternative," but because...

426

E85 motor fuel is increasingly price-competitive with gasoline in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Ethanol & Biodiesel ... Customers accustomed to comparing gasoline prices on a price-per-gallon basis may not be familiar with how to compare fuel prices on an ...

427

International Congress on Biodiesel: The Science and The Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the International Congress on Biodiesel: The Science and The Technologies International Congress on Biodiesel: The Science and The Technologies Vienna, Austria International Congress on Biodiesel: The Science and The Technologies

428

DBD Deutsche Biodiesel GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DBD Deutsche Biodiesel GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name DBD Deutsche Biodiesel GmbH Place Berlin, Germany Product Developer of the DBD Regensberg biodiesel project. References...

429

BioDiesel One Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

One Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name BioDiesel One, Ltd. Place Southington, Connecticut Zip 6489 Product BioDiesel One plans to develop a biodiesel plant in Southington,...

430

Biodiesel Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart (Revised) (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Many standards development organizations (SDOs) are working to develop codes and standards needed for the utilization of alternative fuel Many standards development organizations (SDOs) are working to develop codes and standards needed for the utilization of alternative fuel vehicle technologies. This chart shows the SDOs responsible for leading the support and development of key codes and standards for biodiesel. Biodiesel Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart Vehicles Storage Dispensing Infrastructure Engine Testing: Fuel Systems: Fuel Lubricants: Powertrain Systems: Containers: Dispensing Operations: Dispensing Components: Containers: Transfer Operations: Container Components: Container Siting: Test Methods and Specifications for Fuels: Pipeline and Piping Infrastructure: Building and Fire Code Requirements: CONTROLLING AUTHORITIES: DOT/NHTS (crashworthiness) EPA (emissions) CONTROLLING AUTHORITIES:

431

Biodiesel production using waste frying oil  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Waste sunflower frying oil is successfully converted to biodiesel using lipase as catalyst. {yields} Various process parameters that affects the conversion of transesterification reaction such as temperature, enzyme concentration, methanol: oil ratio and solvent are optimized. {yields} Inhibitory effect of methanol on lipase is reduced by adding methanol in three stages. {yields} Polar solvents like n-hexane and n-heptane increases the conversion of tranesterification reaction. - Abstract: Waste sunflower frying oil is used in biodiesel production by transesterification using an enzyme as a catalyst in a batch reactor. Various microbial lipases have been used in transesterification reaction to select an optimum lipase. The effects of various parameters such as temperature, methanol:oil ratio, enzyme concentration and solvent on the conversion of methyl ester have been studied. The Pseudomonas fluorescens enzyme yielded the highest conversion. Using the P. fluorescens enzyme, the optimum conditions included a temperature of 45 deg. C, an enzyme concentration of 5% and a methanol:oil molar ratio 3:1. To avoid an inhibitory effect, the addition of methanol was performed in three stages. The conversion obtained after 24 h of reaction increased from 55.8% to 63.84% because of the stage-wise addition of methanol. The addition of a non-polar solvent result in a higher conversion compared to polar solvents. Transesterification of waste sunflower frying oil under the optimum conditions and single-stage methanol addition was compared to the refined sunflower oil.

Charpe, Trupti W. [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India); Rathod, Virendra K., E-mail: vk.rathod@ictmumbai.edu.in [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel is defined as fatty acid mono-alkylesters and is produced from triacylglycerols. In the current article we provide an overview of the structure, diversity and regulation of the metabolic pathways leading to intracellular fatty acid and triacylglycerol accumulation in three types of organisms (bacteria, algae and fungi) of potential biotechnological interest and discuss possible intervention points to increase the cellular lipid content. The key steps that regulate carbon allocation and distribution in lipids include the formation of malonyl-CoA, the synthesis of fatty acids and their attachment onto the glycerol backbone, and the formation of triacylglycerols. The lipid biosynthetic genes and pathways are largely known for select model organisms. Comparative genomics allows the examination of these pathways in organisms of biotechnological interest and reveals the evolution of divergent and yet uncharacterized regulatory mechanisms. Utilization of microbial systems for triacylglycerol and fatty acid production is in its infancy; however, genomic information and technologies combined with synthetic biology concepts provide the opportunity to further exploit microbes for the competitive production of biodiesel.

Lykidis, Athanasios; Lykidis, Athanasios; Ivanova, Natalia

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

433

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

The Missouri Biodiesel Fuel Revolving Fund uses the money generated by the sale of Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) credits to cover the incremental cost of purchasing fuel...

434

Alternative and Advanced Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Advanced Fuel Basics Alternative and Advanced Fuel Basics August 19, 2013 - 5:42pm Addthis Photo of a man in goggles looking at test tubes full of biodiesel. There are a...

435

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alabama Incentives and Laws Alabama Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biodiesel Use in School Buses and Government Vehicles Archived: 05/31/2012 The Alabama Legislature encourages the use of biodiesel blends in the state. The legislature urges public school systems to use blends of 20% biodiesel (B20) in all diesel-powered school buses and encourages state entities to use biodiesel blends of at least 5% (B5) in diesel-powered motor vehicles. (Reference Senate Joint Resolution 14 and 15, 2009) Biofuels Research and Development Support Archived: 05/31/2012 The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs administers the

436

Low-Temperature Biodiesel Research Reveals Potential Key to Successful...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

while making biodiesel blends an affordable option. While biodiesel has very low production costs and the potential to displace up to 10% of petroleum diesel, until now,...

437

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 1 Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 1 Introduction Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 1 Introduction from ...

438

Characteristics of Engine Emissions from Different Biodiesel Blends.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Engine exhaust characteristics from two different biodiesel blends, formulated from soy and animal fat biodiesel blended with ultra-low sulphur diesel, were tested during two different (more)

Wan, Curtis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Biodiesel of Las Vegas Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vegas Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Biodiesel of Las Vegas Inc Place San Luis Obispo, California Zip 93401 Product Biodiesel producer. Headoffice is in California but the...

440

Avaliao da corrosividade do biodiesel por tcnicas gravimtricas e eletroqumicas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A corroso provocada pelo biodiesel um problema relevante associado incompatibilidade do biodiesel com diversos materiais metlicos e polimricos, sendo de suma importncia quanto (more)

Isabella Pacifico Aquino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel including biodiesel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Building Biodiesel - a guide to renewable resources Supplement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building Biodiesel - a guide to renewable resources Supplement Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Inform Archives Inform Magazine News 18504 August 2006 Supplement August 2006.pdf Desmet Ballestra 3180

442

Building Biodiesel - a guide to renewable resources Supplement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building Biodiesel - a guide to renewable resources Supplement Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Inform Archives Inform Magazine News 18511 September 2007 Supplement September 2007.pdf Desmet Ballestra 3178

443

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eligibility Commercial Industrial Program Information Kentucky Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against...

444

Biodiesel Effects on Diesel Particle Filter Performance: Milestone Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research results on the performance of biodiesel and biodiesel blends with ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and a diesel particle filter (DPF).

Williams, A.; McCormick, R. L.; Hayes, R.; Ireland, J.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 9 Other Uses of Biodiesel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 9 Other Uses of Biodiesel Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters AOCS 66018DFF8B61F27D1FD25032A7F0608E Press Downloadable

446

Emissions comparison between petroleum diesel and biodiesel in a medium-duty diesel engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels have become very important topics over the past decade due to the rise in crude oil prices, fear of running out of crude oil, and environmental impact of emissions. Biodiesel is a biofuel that is made from plant seed oils, waste cooking oils, or animal fats. It has become increasingly popular and is looked at as a diesel replacement. This research characterizes the emissions of the new John Deere PowerTech Plus 4045HF285 in the Advance Engine Research Laboratory at Texas A&M University and compares the emissions of a 100 percent blended feed stock biodiesel to an ultra low sulfur diesel certification fuel. The steady state tests were conducted while holding engine speed constant at three different speeds and three different loads. The gaseous emissions, exhaust gas recirculation, fuel flow rate, and torque were monitored and recorded for 300 points per test. Four tests were performed and the results were averaged per each fuel. Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and oxides of nitrogen emissions were analyzed. The biodiesel averaged up to 12% lower torque, 5.4% more fuel, 7.5% less carbon dioxide, 29% more oxygen, and 29% more oxides of nitrogen. Overall the biodiesel produced less torque and carbon dioxide emissions, while emitting more oxygen and oxides of nitrogen.

Tompkins, Brandon T.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Permanent Closure of MFC Biodiesel Underground Storage Tank 99ANL00013  

SciTech Connect

This closure package documents the site assessment and permanent closure of the Materials and Fuels Complex biodiesel underground storage tank 99ANL00013 in accordance with the regulatory requirements established in 40 CFR 280.71, Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks: Out-of-Service UST Systems and Closure.

Kerry L. Nisson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Advantages of Biofuels B100 biodiesel has many benefits over traditional, petroleum-based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advantages of Biofuels B100 biodiesel has many benefits over traditional, petroleum-based diesel-produced biofuels. Environmental & Social Benefits Decreases emissions of fossil fuels that contribute to climate-powered vessel fleet to biofuels and bio-lubricants. This effort produced the first federal vessel to run

449

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels Jason for renewable transportation biofuels. To be a viable alternative, a biofuel should provide a net energy gain inputs and more efficient conversion of feed- stocks to fuel. Neither biofuel can replace much petroleum

Minnesota, University of

450

Review: Simulation models applied to crops with potential for biodiesel production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the rapid decline in crude oil reserves, the use of vegetable oils as diesel fuels has been promoted in many countries. Biodiesel has attracted considerable attention due to its environmental benefits and the fact that it comes from renewable ... Keywords: Biofuel, Oleaginous crops, Simulation models

Daniela de Carvalho Lopes; Antonio Jos Steidle Neto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Survey of the Quality and Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends in the United States in 2004  

SciTech Connect

Reports results gathered in 2004 from quality and stability surveys in the United States of biodiesel (B100) and 20% biodiesel (B20) in petroleum diesel.

McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Ratcliffe, M.; Moens,