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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Selling your car? Advertise its fuel economy with our Used Car Label tool. Download a label for on-line ads. Print a label to attach to your car. Did you know? You can purchase...

2

Fuel Guide Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 MODEL YEAR 2000 FUEL ECONOMY LEADERS IN POPULAR VEHICLE CLASSES Listed below are the vehicles with the highest fuel economy for the most popular classes, including both automatic and manual transmissions and gasoline and diesel vehicles. Please be aware that many of these vehicles come in a range of engine sizes and trim lines, resulting in different fuel economy values. Check the fuel economy guide or the fuel economy sticker on new vehicles to find the values for a particular version of a vehicle. CONTENTS MODEL YEAR 2000 FUEL ECONOMY LEADERS ................. 1 HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE ..................................................... 2 FUEL ECONOMY AND YOUR ANNUAL FUEL COSTS .......... 3 WHY FUEL ECONOMY IS IMPORTANT .................................

3

"Table 11. Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)" Fuel Economy, Selected Survey Years (Miles Per Gallon)" ,"Survey Years" ,1983,1985,1988,1991,1994,2001 "Total",15.1,16.1,18.3,19.3,19.8,20.2 "Household Characteristics" "Census Region and Division" " Northeast",15.6,"NA",19.6,20.9,20.7,20.85531 " New England",16.5,"NA",19.7,21.1,20.4,20.97907 " Middle Atlantic ",15.3,"NA",19.6,20.8,20.8,20.79659 " Midwest ",14.8,"NA",18.2,19,20.1,20.18362 " East North Central",14.9,"NA",18.4,19.4,20.1,20.26056 " West North Central ",14.5,"NA",17.8,17.9,20,20.01659 " South",15,"NA",18,19.2,19.6,20.17499 " South Atlantic",15.6,"NA",19,20.2,20.2,20.5718

4

Download Fuel Economy Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Download Fuel Economy Data Download Fuel Economy Data Fuel economy data are the result of vehicle testing done at the Environmental Protection Agency's National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and by vehicle manufacturers with oversight by EPA. 2013 Ford C-MAX Hybrid Data Revised (August 15, 2013) 2011-2013 Hyundai and Kia data revised (November 2, 2012) Downloadable Fuel Economy Data Find and Compare Cars data - MPG data for all 1984-2014 vehicles (Updated: Friday December 20 2013) For Developers: Fueleconomy.gov Web Services CSV: /feg/epadata/vehicles.csv.zip (Documentation) XML: /feg/epadata/vehicles.xml.zip (Documentation) Fuel Economy Datafile* Fuel Economy Guide Adobe Acrobat Icon Green Vehicle Guide Datafile Green Vehicle Guide Adobe Acrobat Icon

5

EPA Fuel Economy Ratings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current Window Sticker Current Window Sticker The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently redesigned and enhanced the window sticker that appears on new vehicles. The new Fuel Economy and Environment Label will be mandatory on all new vehicles beginning with the 2013 model year. For the 2012 model year, manufacturers can use the new window sticker or the older window sticker shown below. Roll over the highlighted elements on the label below to learn more about EPA's current fuel economy label. EPA's Current Fuel Economy Label EPA's New Fuel Economy Label Estimated Annual Fuel Cost: $2,039 based on 15,000 mile at $2.80 per gallon Your fuel cost may differ depending on annual miles and fuel prices. Combined Fuel Economy for this Vehicle: 21 MPG, Range for all SUVs: 10-31

6

Car buyers and fuel economy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

corporate average fuel economy standards. Economic InquiryAll rights reserved. Keywords: Fuel economy; Fuel ef?ciency;improvement in the fuel economy of an SUV they have designed

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Fuel Economy Mobile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and used cars New Window Sticker Learn more about the new fuel economy label Calculate My MPG Enter your MPG data at the pump Gas Mileage Tips Tips to save you fuel and money Full...

8

Predicting Individual Fuel Economy  

SciTech Connect

To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Fuel Economy Web Services  

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FuelEconomy.gov Web Services FuelEconomy.gov Web Services Data Description atvtype - alternative fuel or advanced technology vehicle Bifuel (CNG) - Bi-fuel gasoline and compressed natural gas vehicle Bifuel (LPG) - Bi-fuel gasoline and propane vehicle CNG - Compressed natural gas vehicle Diesel - Diesel vehicle EV - Electric vehicle FFV - Flexible fueled vehicle (gasoline or E85) Hybrid - Hybrid vehicle Plug-in Hybrid - Plug-in hybrid vehicle drive - drive axle type 2-Wheel Drive 4-Wheel Drive* 4-Wheel or All-Wheel Drive* All-Wheel Drive* Front-Wheel Drive Part-time 4-Wheel Drive* Rear-Wheel Drive *Prior to Model Year 2010 EPA did not differentiate between All Wheel Drive and Four Wheel Drive salesArea - EPA sales area code. The area of the country where the vehicle can legally be sold. New federally certified vehicles can be sold in all states except California

10

Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption and Expenditures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures Chapter 4. Fuel Economy, Consumption, and Expenditures This chapter analyzes trends in fuel economy, fuel consumption, and fuel expenditures, using data unique to the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey, as well as selected data from other sources. Analysis topics include the following: Following the oil supply and price disruptions caused by the Arab oil embargo of 1973-1974, motor gasoline price increases, the introduction of corporate average fuel economy standards, and environmental quality initiatives helped to spur major changes in vehicle technology. But have the many advances in vehicle technology resulted in measurable gains in the fuel economy of the residential vehicle fleet?

11

Print the Fuel Economy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Print the Fuel Economy Guide Print the Fuel Economy Guide 2014 Fuel Economy Guide 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Adobe Acrobat Icon MPG data updated December 19, 2013 The annual fuel cost estimates in the 2008-2014 electronic fuel economy guides are updated weekly to match EIA's current national average prices for gasoline and diesel fuel. Order a printed copy: Order Note that the published guides may not be as up-to-date at the downloadable version. View vehicles from 1984 to the present: Go to Find-a-Car Unlike the annual guides which cover only one model year, Find-a-Car provides the most up-to-date fuel economy information for vehicles from model year 1984 to the present, along with environmental and safety data. Find a Car Developer Tools 2013 Fuel Economy Guide 2013 Fuel Economy Guide Adobe Acrobat Icon

12

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Used Car Fuel Economy Label  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Actual fuel economy will vary for many reasons, including driving conditions and how the car was driven and maintained. Aftermarket modifications to the vehicle can affect fuel...

15

Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Throughof the Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards. ” EconomicImplications for Fuel Economy Policy. ” Presentation to SAE

Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Fuel Economy Valentines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy Valentines Fuel Economy Valentines Fuel Economy Valentines February 14, 2012 - 10:05am Addthis Amanda McAlpin What's more romantic this Valentine's Day than taking a drive with your sweetheart? In fact, for most people this holiday, the plans will include some kind of travel, to a restaurant, show, or weekend getaway. Anytime spent on the road can be a great time to track your vehicle's fuel economy, and fueleconomy.gov has a tool to help you do just that! Once you enter the Your MPG tool and select the make and model of your vehicle, you'll choose a way to keep track of your fill-ups at the pump, recording your odometer and/or the amount of fuel you put in your vehicle. The tool then calculates your gallons per mile and saves this information in your account; you can log back in anytime to update and monitor your

17

Fuel Economy Valentines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy Valentines Fuel Economy Valentines Fuel Economy Valentines February 14, 2012 - 10:05am Addthis Amanda McAlpin What's more romantic this Valentine's Day than taking a drive with your sweetheart? In fact, for most people this holiday, the plans will include some kind of travel, to a restaurant, show, or weekend getaway. Anytime spent on the road can be a great time to track your vehicle's fuel economy, and fueleconomy.gov has a tool to help you do just that! Once you enter the Your MPG tool and select the make and model of your vehicle, you'll choose a way to keep track of your fill-ups at the pump, recording your odometer and/or the amount of fuel you put in your vehicle. The tool then calculates your gallons per mile and saves this information in your account; you can log back in anytime to update and monitor your

18

Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Council. Automotive Fuel Economy: How Far Can We Go? (Lee Schipper. Automobile Fuel. Economy and CO 2 Emissions inGraham. The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Automobile

Schipper, Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Fuel Economy Web Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rating for fuelType1 scoreAlt - EPA 1-10 smog rating for fuelType2 smartwayScore - SmartWay Code standard - Vehicle Emission Standard Code stdText - Vehicle Emission Standard...

20

Model Year 1999 Fuel Economy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FUEL FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE MODEL YEAR 1999 DOE/EE-0178 Fuel Economy Estimates October 1998 1 CONTENTS PAGE Purpose of the Guide ..................................................... 1 Interior Volume ................................................................ 1 How the Fuel Economy Estimates are Obtained ........... 1 Factors Affecting MPG .................................................... 2 Fuel Economy and Climate Change ............................... 2 Gas Guzzler Tax ............................................................. 2 Vehicle Classes Used in This Guide. .............................. 2 Annuel Fuel Costs .......................................................... 3 How to Use the Guide .................................................... 4 Where to Re-order Guides

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Why is fuel Economy Important?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Is Fuel Economy Important? Why Is Fuel Economy Important? Saves You Money Save as much as $1,700 in fuel costs each year by choosing the most efficient vehicle that meets your needs. See how much you can save! Photo of gasoline receipt on top of money Reduces Climate Change Carbon dioxide (CO2) from burning gasoline and diesel contributes to global climate change. You can do your part to reduce climate change by reducing your carbon footprint! Photo of Earth from space Reduces Oil Dependence Costs Our dependence on oil makes us vulnerable to oil market manipulation and price shocks. Find out how oil dependence hurts our economy! Chart showing annual cost of oil imports increasing from $21 billion per year in 1975 to approximately $330 billion in 2011 Increases Energy Sustainability

22

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy Test Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Economy Test Procedures and Labeling

23

1998 Fuel Economy Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

purpose vehicles (2-wheel drive and 4-wheel drive). By using this Guide consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for any vehicle. The mileage figures included in...

24

Fuel Economy Widgets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

widget and many other great free widgets at Widgetbox Not seeing a widget? (More info) Gas Mileage Tips Widget This widget displays a new fuel-saving tip each week and provides...

25

Fuel Economy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Fuel Economy Fuel Economy Learn how a revolutionary new tire technology could mean never having to worry about under-inflated tires on your vehicle. Learn how a revolutionary new tire technology could mean never having to worry about under-inflated tires on your vehicle. The Energy Department is investing in groundbreaking research that will make cars weigh less, drive further and consume less fuel. Featured New Investment in Energy-Efficient Manufacturing The Energy Department is supporting new research and development projects that focus on reducing energy use and costs for U.S. manufacturers. One project is expected to dramatically reduce the cost and lower the energy needed to produce aircrafts. | Photo courtesy of ARM Climate Research Facility.

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Vehicle Fuel State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Vehicle Fuel Economy Requirements State contracts for the purchase or lease of new passenger automobiles must

27

Getting to Know the New Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting to Know the New Fuel Economy Getting to Know the New Fuel Economy and Environment Labels / 1 * Understanding the Guide Listings / 2 * Why Some Vehicles Are Not Listed / 2 * Vehicle Classes Used in This Guide / 3 * Tax Incentives and Disincentives / 3 * Why Consider Fuel Economy / 3 * Fueling Options / 4 * Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes / 4 * Model Year 2013 Fuel Economy Leaders / 5 * 2013 Model Year Vehicles / 6 * Diesel Vehicles / 26 * Electric Vehicles / 27 * Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles / 29 * Hybrid Electric Vehicles / 28 * Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles / 31 * Fuel Cell Vehicles / 31 * Ethanol Flexible Fuel Vehicles / 32 * Index / 37 * USING THE FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) produce the Fuel Economy Guide to help car buyers choose the most

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Fuel Economy Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vehicle Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards on AddThis.com...

29

What is FuelEconomy.gov  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

FuelEconomy.gov? FuelEconomy.gov? FuelEconomy.gov is an Internet resource that helps consumers make informed fuel economy choices when purchasing a vehicle and achieve the best fuel economy possible from the cars they own. FuelEconomy.gov is maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy with data provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The site helps fulfill DOE and EPA's responsibility under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 to provide accurate miles per gallon (MPG) information to consumers. What has FuelEconomy.gov accomplished? In 2011 alone, FuelEconomy.gov is estimated to have helped to

30

Fuel Economy in the News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Economy in the News Fuel Economy in the News Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in the following articles belong to the original authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of the U.S. Department of Energy or the Environmental Protection Agency. May 31, 2013 Drive On: Ford rocks hybrid sales - USA Today 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel: Could this be the anti-TDI? - Car and Driver Tips for Buying and Servicing a Used Hybrid Car - The New York Times May 30, 2013 Mercedes' GLK250 joins fuel efficiency with luxury - The Detroit News Honda Fit EV lease drops to $259 with no down payment, unlimited miles - Autoblog Tesla tripling supercharger network for LA to NY trip - CNN May 29, 2013 Musk sticking to plan for 'affordable' Tesla model - Autoblog 2015 Toyota Prius Spy Shots: Next-Gen Hybrid Breaks Cover - Green

31

2004 FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE BEST IN CLASS | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2004 FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE BEST IN CLASS 2004 FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE BEST IN CLASS A chart describing the 2004 fuel economy best in class vehicles. 2004 FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE BEST IN CLASS...

32

Fuel Economy and Environment Labels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

note that these labels are examples and do not represent real automobiles. The sample labels are intended to note that these labels are examples and do not represent real automobiles. The sample labels are intended to illustrate the elements on the label that would be associated with each vehicle technology/fuel type. They are not meant to represent the actual values that any particular vehicle type could achieve. 1 A New Fuel Economy Label for a New Generation of Cars Gasoline Label Please note that these labels are examples and do not represent real automobiles. The sample labels are intended to illustrate the elements on the label that would be associated with each vehicle technology/fuel type. They are not meant to represent the actual values that any particular vehicle type could achieve. 2 Flexible Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol (E85) Without Driving Range

33

Global Fuel Economy Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Global Fuel Economy Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Fuel Economy Initiative Agency/Company /Organization: FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum, United Nations Environment Programme Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.globalfueleconomy.org/ The Global Fuel Economy Initiative has launched the 50by50 challenge to facilitate large reductions of greenhouse gas emissions and oil use through improvements in automotive fuel economy. The website provides access to working papers, a map showing countries with fuel economy standards, and other related information. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel

34

2009 Fuel Economy Guide and FuelEconomy.gov | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 Fuel Economy Guide and FuelEconomy.gov 09 Fuel Economy Guide and FuelEconomy.gov 2009 Fuel Economy Guide and FuelEconomy.gov October 24, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program With energy costs looming as winter approaches, saving money is on everyone's minds these days. Fortunately, improving your vehicle's fuel economy is both economically and environmentally smart. In the winter, one of the easiest ways to decrease gasoline consumption is to warm up your engine for no more than 30 seconds, as Elizabeth pointed out last week. Driving conservatively and buying a fuel efficient car can make even more of an impact. The 2009 Fuel Economy Guide, released on October 15, can help you choose the most fuel efficient car for your needs, both new and used. Whether

35

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Mazda 5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(S5) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 24 Combined 22...

36

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Mazda 5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 24 Combined 2...

37

Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety  

SciTech Connect

The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

2007-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

38

EPA-Fuel Economy Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Economy Guide Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Economy Guide AgencyCompany Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Focus Area Energy Efficiency,...

39

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Bugatti Veyron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 16 cyl, 8.0 L Automatic (AM-S7) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 10 Combined 8 City 15 Highway...

40

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Bentley Mulsanne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 8 cyl, 6.8 L Automatic (S8) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 13 Combined 11 City 18 Highway...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Maserati Quattroporte  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 8 cyl, 4.7 L Automatic 6-spd Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 12 City 18 Highway...

42

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota Prius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.8 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side Hybrid EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 50 Combined 51 City 48 Highway...

43

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ferrari California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page 8 cyl, 4.3 L Auto(AM7) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 15 Combined 13 City 19 Highway...

44

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Nissan Leaf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Electricity* 115 Combined 129 City 102 Highway...

45

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Chevrolet Spark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page 4 cyl, 1.2 L Manual 5-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 34 Combined 32 City 38 Highway...

46

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Chevrolet Camaro  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 8 cyl, 6.2 L Automatic (S6) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 12 City 18 Highway...

47

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fuel Prices and New Vehicle Fuel Economy in Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the effect of fuel prices on new vehicle fuel economy in the eight largest European markets. The analysis spans the years 2002–2007 and uses detailed vehicle registration and specification data to ...

Klier, Thomas

50

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #684: July 18, 2011 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2011 Fuel Economy versus Fuel Savings to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 684: July 18, 2011 Fuel Economy versus Fuel Savings on Facebook Tweet about...

51

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #772: March 25, 2013 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5, 2013 Fuel Economy by Speed: Slow Down to Save Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 772: March 25, 2013 Fuel Economy by Speed: Slow Down to Save...

52

USING THE FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

allows you to insert your local gasoline prices and typical driving conditions (% city & highway) to achieve the most accurate fuel cost information for your vehicle. Strengthen...

53

MotorWeek: Fuel Economy Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Navigational links Navigational links Site Map | Videos | Links | More Info | Search | Contacts | HOME www.fueleconomy.gov Photograph of Cars Find and Compare Cars | Gas Mileage Tips | Gasoline Prices | Your MPG Will Vary | Why is Fuel Economy Important? | Your MPG | Hybrids, Diesels, Alt Fuels, Etc. | Tax Incentives | Extreme MPG U.S. Department of Energy | Print the Fuel Economy Guide | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Gas Mileage Tips Driving more efficiently Keeping your car in shape Planning and combining trips Choosing a more efficient vehicle More Info MotorWeek: Text Version Video: MotorWeek test showing impact of driving style on MPG. Fuel Economy Focus John Davis The window sticker on a new car contains lots of information besides just the price. For instance, down at the bottom are the all important government fuel economy estimates. But just like the price on the sticker may have little in common with what you actually pay for the car, the mileage estimates may also be far different from real world results. So, why does gas mileage vary so much? Well, the answers are as varied as your mileage.

54

Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy without sacrificing safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

delays plans to boost fuel economy of its SUVs. Wall St.without impacting fuel economy. Honda Motor Company, OctoberGreene, D.L. 2006. Fuel economy policy and highway safety.

Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Best and Worst Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Best and Worst MPG 2013 Most and Least Efficient Vehicles Cars Cars (excluding EVs) Trucks Trucks (excluding EVs) 2013 Most Fuel Efficient Cars by...

56

Car buyers and fuel economy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel ef?ciency; Automobiles; Car buyers 1. Introduction 1.1.M. , ‘‘We probably drive each car about 7000 or 6000 milesgallons per year [for one car]; B. thinks this might be too

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #170: June 18, 2001 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2001 Fuel Economy Saves to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 170: June 18, 2001 Fuel Economy Saves on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies...

58

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When Buying a Vehicle to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important"...

59

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #773: April 1, 2013 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, 2013 Fuel Economy Penalty at Higher Speeds to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 773: April 1, 2013 Fuel Economy Penalty at Higher Speeds on Facebook...

60

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #626: June 7, 2010 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 2010 Fuel Economy for Light and Heavy Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 626: June 7, 2010 Fuel Economy for Light and Heavy Vehicles on...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #730: June 4, 2012 Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2012 Fuel Economy of New Light Vehicles is Up 19% from 1980 to 2011 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 730: June 4, 2012 Fuel Economy of New Light...

62

2011 Fuel Economy Guide Now Available | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fuel economy information online as more 2011 vehicles, including electric and plug-in hybrid cars, become available. You can view the guide either on the Fuel Economy Web site...

63

Natural Gas Pathways and Fuel Economy Guide Comparison  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I presentation slides: Natural Gas pathways and Fuel economy Guide Comparison Bob Wimmer, Toyota Natural Gas Pathways Toyota estimation Vehicle Total Fuel efficiency Range...

64

New Fuel Economy and Environment Label  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Window Sticker Beyond Tailpipe Emissions About the Label Gasoline Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Electric Vehicles QR Codes | Share Learn About the New Label Greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles are an important contributor to climate change. Visit EPA's climate change page for more details. View a video about the new labels. Click on a tab to view the new labels for various vehicle/fuel types. Move the cursor over parts of the label to learn more. Gasoline Vehicle Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Electric Vehicle Shows the type of fuel or fuels the vehicle can use. You will most commonly see "Gasoline Vehicle," "Flexible Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol," or "Diesel Vehicle." Learn more Find the MPG fuel economy estimates here. The Combined City/Highway

65

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

66

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

67

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

68

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

69

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

72

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

74

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

75

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

77

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: September 14, 8: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #588: September 14, 2009 Fuel Economy Changes Due to Ethanol Content on

78

Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction April 4, 2011 - 1:01pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program With gas prices soaring higher than ever, there's a lot of information-true and false-floating around about fuel economy. From well-intentioned friends to salespeople trying to make a buck, everyone has an opinion on how you can use less gas. Thankfully, the Department of Energy has solid facts based on data that will help you sort out the reality from the myth. Check out FuelEconomy.gov for even more tips. Just the facts... The best device for improving your fuel economy is a tire gauge. There are all sorts of products out there that claim they can help improve your fuel economy, from inserts for your exhaust pipe to magnets clamped on

79

Fuel Economy on the Fly | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy on the Fly Fuel Economy on the Fly Fuel Economy on the Fly January 19, 2011 - 5:06pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Fuel Economy information at your fingertips Cross Post from the Energy Savers Blog. Written by Shannon Brescher Shea. With the North American International Auto Show in Detroit kicking off the auto-show circuit last week, manufacturers are unveiling their future models. If you're inspired and in the market for a new car, FuelEconomy.gov can help you pick the most fuel-efficient vehicle for your needs. Although most people don't bring their computer with them to the dealership, you're in luck if you have a smartphone or other mobile internet device. FuelEconomy.gov has a mobile version of its popular Find and Compare Cars

80

Fuel Economy on the Fly | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy on the Fly Fuel Economy on the Fly Fuel Economy on the Fly January 18, 2011 - 1:45pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program With the North American International Auto Show in Detroit kicking off the auto-show circuit last week, manufacturers are unveiling their future models. If you're inspired and in the market for a new car, FuelEconomy.gov can help you pick the most fuel-efficient vehicle for your needs. Although most people don't bring their computer with them to the dealership, you're in luck if you have a smartphone or other mobile internet device. FuelEconomy.gov has a mobile version of its popular Find and Compare Cars tool that allows you to search anytime, anywhere. The mobile tool works just like the one on the FuelEconomy.gov website. You

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

2010 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available 10 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available 2010 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available October 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy today unveiled the 2010 Fuel Economy Guide, which gives consumers important information about estimated fuel costs and mileage standards for model year 2010 vehicles. "Every year, consumers use the Fuel Economy Guide to find clean, efficient, cost-effective vehicles that meets their needs and their budgets," said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. "It's an easy, accessible resource for everyone, and helps us cut harmful pollution from the air, and save money for American drivers." "Fuel economy is about both saving energy and saving money," said Energy

82

2010 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2010 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available 2010 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available 2010 Annual Fuel Economy Guide Now Available October 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy today unveiled the 2010 Fuel Economy Guide, which gives consumers important information about estimated fuel costs and mileage standards for model year 2010 vehicles. "Every year, consumers use the Fuel Economy Guide to find clean, efficient, cost-effective vehicles that meets their needs and their budgets," said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. "It's an easy, accessible resource for everyone, and helps us cut harmful pollution from the air, and save money for American drivers." "Fuel economy is about both saving energy and saving money," said Energy

83

Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

75, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been 75, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards and their impact on highway safety. A seminal study of the link between CAFE and traffic fatalities was published by R. W. Crandall and J. D. Graham in 1989. They linked higher fuel economy levels to decreases in vehicle weight and correlated the decline in new car weight with about a 20% increase in occupant fatalities. The time series available to them, 1947-1981, includes only the first 4 years of fuel economy regulation, but any statistical relationship estimated over such

84

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: September 12, 2: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks on Digg

85

Learn More About the Fuel Economy Label for Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicles Electric Vehicles Learn More About the New Label Electric Vehicle Fuel Economy and Environment Label Vehicle Technology & Fuel Fuel Economy Comparing Fuel Economy to Other Vehicles You Save Fuel Consumption Rate Estimated Annual Fuel Cost Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Rating CO2 Emissions Information Smog Rating Details in Fine Print QR Code Fueleconomy.gov Driving Range Charge Time 1. Vehicle Technology & Fuel The upper right corner of the label will display text and a related icon to identify it as a vehicle that is powered by electricity. You will see different text and icons on the labels for other vehicles: Gasoline Vehicle Diesel Vehicle Compressed Natural Gas Vehicle Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Flexible-Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol (E85)

86

Trends and new developments in automotive fuel economy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The significant improvements in passenger car fuel economy that have been achieved up to the present time are identified, and the changes that have produced these improvements are examined in detail. Included are several comparisons of domestic versus foreign vehicles. The potential for further increases in fuel economy is then reviewed by examining the technological, marketing/economic, and other significant factors that will affect future fuel economy levels. Special attention is given to the effect that changing market mix has on corporate average fuel economy and to the future benefits that may be realized through the use of continuously variable transmissions, adiabatic diesel engines, and improved lubricants.

Simpson, B.H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Fuel economy standards have affected vehicle efficiency - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This new footprint standard required that all vehicle manufacturers improve their fuel economy at a similar rate, regardless of the types and sizes of vehicles sold.

88

Fueling South Carolina's Clean Energy Economy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fueling South Carolina's Clean Energy Economy Fueling South Carolina's Clean Energy Economy Fueling South Carolina's Clean Energy Economy June 6, 2012 - 4:15pm Addthis Pure Power, LLC makes products that allow truck engines to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The company has increased their energy efficiency and hired new employees. | Photo courtesy of Flickr user ClatieK. Pure Power, LLC makes products that allow truck engines to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. The company has increased their energy efficiency and hired new employees. | Photo courtesy of Flickr user ClatieK. Julie McAlpin Communications Liaison, State Energy Program What does this mean for me? Pure Power increased energy efficiency while expanding plant

89

EPA-Fuel Economy Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » EPA-Fuel Economy Guide (Redirected from EPA Fuel Economy Guide) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Fuel Economy Guide Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Transportation Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.fueleconomy.gov/ Research light duty vehicles by fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=EPA-Fuel_Economy_Guide&oldid=375897" Categories: Tools Community Energy Tools

90

Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation Final Report preparedand have higher fuel economy, and safer than conventionaland have higher fuel economy, without sacrificing safety. 1.

Wenzel, Thomas P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Fuel Economy of Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Search by Vehicle Type 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Select Vehicle Type Diesel Electric Ethanol-Gasoline Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Natural Gas Bifuel Natural Gas Bifuel Propane Go More Search Options Browse New Cars Hybrid Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Battery Electric Vehicles Diesel Vehicles Flex-Fuel Vehicles CNG Vehicles Related Information How Hybrid Vehicles Work How Fuel Cell Vehicles Work MotorWeek Videos Compare Hybrids Compare Diesels Extreme MPG Tax Incentive Information Center Alternative Fuel Station Locator Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Data Center | Share I want to... Compare Side-by-Side

92

What Steps Do You Take to Improve Your Fuel Economy? | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improve Your Fuel Economy? What Steps Do You Take to Improve Your Fuel Economy? April 7, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Shannon told you some facts about fuel economy and how you...

93

Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors Effecting LandCar Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap? Transportof automobile fuel economy in Europe. Energy Policy 34 14.

Schipper, Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Increasing the Fuel Economy and Safety of New Light-Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through2004. “The effect of fuel economy on automobile safety: aM. , 2002. “Near-term fuel economy potential for light-duty

Wenzel, Tom; Ross, Marc

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Energy Department and Environmental Protection Agency Release Fuel Economy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department and Environmental Protection Agency Release Fuel Energy Department and Environmental Protection Agency Release Fuel Economy Tool for Used Vehicles Energy Department and Environmental Protection Agency Release Fuel Economy Tool for Used Vehicles September 12, 2013 - 9:00am Addthis News Media Contact DOE: (202) 586-4940 EPA: (202) 564-4355 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's ongoing efforts to increase fuel efficiency, reduce carbon pollution and address climate change, the U.S. Energy Department and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released a new label that features EPA fuel economy estimates and CO2 estimates for used vehicles sold in the United States since 1984. Consumers may create the new label electronically as part of a new tool on FuelEconomy.gov. This electronic graphic can be downloaded and included in

96

Assessment of California reformulated gasoline impact on vehicle fuel economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel economy data contained in the 1996 California Air Resources Board (CAROB) report with respect to the introduction of California Reformulated Gasoline (CaRFG) has been examined and reanalyzed by two additional statistical methodologies. Additional data has also been analyzed by these two statistical approaches. Within the assumptions of the analysis, point estimates for the reduction in fuel economy using CaRFG as compared to conventional, non-reformulated gasoline were 2-4 %, with a 95% upper confidence bound of 6 %. Substantial variations in fuel economy are routine and inevitable due to additional factors which affect mileage, even if there is no change in fuel reformulation. This additional analysis confirms the conclusion reached by CAROB with respect to the impact of CaRFG on fuel economy.

Aceves, S.; Glaser, R.; Richardson, J.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) jointly maintain a fuel economy website (www.fueleconomy.gov), which helps fulfill their responsibility under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 to provide accurate fuel economy information [in miles per gallon (mpg)] to consumers. The site provides information on EPA fuel economy ratings for passenger cars and light trucks from 1985 to the present and other relevant information related to energy use such as alternative fuels and driving and vehicle maintenance tips. In recent years, fluctuations in the price of crude oil and corresponding fluctuations in the price of gasoline and diesel fuels have renewed interest in vehicle fuel economy in the United States. (User sessions on the fuel economy website exceeded 20 million in 2008 compared to less than 5 million in 2004 and less than 1 million in 2001.) As a result of this renewed interest and the age of some of the references cited in the tips section of the website, DOE authorized the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC) to initiate studies to validate and improve these tips. This report documents a study aimed specifically at the effect of engine air filter condition on fuel economy. The goal of this study was to explore the effects of a clogged air filter on the fuel economy of vehicles operating over prescribed test cycles. Three newer vehicles (a 2007 Buick Lucerne, a 2006 Dodge Charger, and a 2003 Toyota Camry) and an older carbureted vehicle were tested. Results show that clogging the air filter has no significant effect on the fuel economy of the newer vehicles (all fuel injected with closed-loop control and one equipped with MDS). The engine control systems were able to maintain the desired AFR regardless of intake restrictions, and therefore fuel consumption was not increased. The carbureted engine did show a decrease in fuel economy with increasing restriction. However, the level of restriction required to cause a substantial (10-15%) decrease in fuel economy (such as that cited in the literature) was so severe that the vehicle was almost undrivable. Acceleration performance on all vehicles was improved with a clean air filter. Once it was determined how severe the restriction had to be to affect the carbureted vehicle fuel economy, the 2007 Buick Lucerne was retested in a similar manner. We were not able to achieve the level of restriction that was achieved with the 1972 Pontiac with the Lucerne. The Lucerne's air filter box would not hold the filter in place under such severe conditions. (It is believed that this testing exceeded the design limits of the air box.) Tests were conducted at a lower restriction level (although still considerably more severe than the initial clogged filter testing), allowing the air filter to stay seated in the air box, and no significant change was observed in the Lucerne's fuel economy or the AFR over the HFET cycle. Closed-loop control in modern fuel injected vehicle applications is sophisticated enough to keep a clogged air filter from affecting the vehicle fuel economy. However for older, open-loop, carbureted vehicles, a clogged air filter can affect the fuel economy. For the vehicle tested, the fuel economy with a new air filter improved as much as 14% over that with a severely clogged filter (in which the filter was so clogged that drivability was impacted). Under a more typical state of clog, the improvement with a new filter ranged from 2 to 6%.

Norman, Kevin M [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Fuel Economy.gov - Mobile | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economy.gov - Mobile Economy.gov - Mobile Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Fuel Economy.gov - Mobile Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Mobile Device Website: fueleconomy.gov/ Web Application Link: fueleconomy.gov/m/ Cost: Free References: www.fueleconomy.gov[1] Logo: Fuel Economy.gov - Mobile Calculate gas mileage (MPG), annual fuel costs, annual petroleum use, and the carbon footprint information for your car or truck. Overview Calculate gas mileage (MPG), annual fuel costs, annual petroleum use, and the carbon footprint information for your car or truck. Highlights Find a Car MPG ratings for new and used cars.

99

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford Focus Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Electricity* 105 Combined 110 City 99 Highway...

100

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota Tacoma 2WD  

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Version of This Page 4 cyl, 2.7 L Manual 5-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 23 Combined 21 City 25 Highway...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford Transit Connect Wagon FWD  

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of This Page 4 cyl, 2.0 L Automatic 4-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 24 Combined 22 City 27 Highway...

102

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota Prius v  

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1.8 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side Hybrid EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 42 Combined 44 City 40 Highway...

103

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Rolls-Royce Phantom  

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of This Page 12 cyl, 6.7 L Automatic (S8) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 11 City 19 Highway...

104

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford E350 Wagon  

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of This Page 10 cyl, 6.8 L Automatic 5-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 11 Combined 10 City 13 Highway...

105

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Volkswagen Jetta SportWagen  

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Version of This Page 4 cyl, 2.0 L Manual 6-spd Diesel Compare Side-by-Side Diesel EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Diesel 34 Combined 30 City 42 Highway Unofficial...

106

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Mercedes-Benz CL600  

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of This Page 12 cyl, 5.5 L Automatic 5-spd Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 12 City 18 Highway...

107

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota Prius c  

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1.5 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side Hybrid EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 50 Combined 53 City 46 Highway...

108

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Cadillac CTS Wagon  

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of This Page 8 cyl, 6.2 L Automatic (S6) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 12 City 18 Highway...

109

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota Sienna AWD  

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of This Page 6 cyl, 3.5 L Automatic (S6) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 19 Combined 16 City 23 Highway...

110

Fuel Economy of the 2013 smart fortwo electric drive convertible  

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the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Electricity* 107 Combined 122 City 93 Highway...

111

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Rolls-Royce Phantom Coupe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 12 cyl, 6.7 L Automatic (S8) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 11 City 19 Highway...

112

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Rolls-Royce Phantom EWB  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 12 cyl, 6.7 L Automatic (S8) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 11 City 19 Highway...

113

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota FJ Cruiser 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page 6 cyl, 4.0 L Manual 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 16 Combined 15 City 18 Highway...

114

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Infiniti FX50 AWD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 8 cyl, 5.0 L Automatic (S7) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 16 Combined 14 City 20 Highway...

115

Fuel Economy of the 2013 smart fortwo electric drive coupe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Electricity* 107 Combined 122 City 93 Highway...

116

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ram 1500 HFE 2WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 6 cyl, 3.6 L Automatic 8-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 21 Combined 18 City 25 Highway...

117

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Toyota Tacoma 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page 6 cyl, 4.0 L Manual 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 17 Combined 16 City 19 Highway...

118

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Audi A3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page 4 cyl, 2.0 L Auto(AM-S6) Diesel Compare Side-by-Side Diesel EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Diesel 34 Combined 30 City 42 Highway Unofficial...

119

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Honda CR-Z  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 4 cyl, 1.5 L Auto(AV-S7) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side Hybrid EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 37 Combined 36 City 39 Highway...

120

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Lexus RX 450h  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 6 cyl, 3.5 L Auto(AV-S6) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side Hybrid EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 30 Combined 32 City 28 Highway...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Lincoln MKT Livery AWD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 6 cyl, 3.7 L Automatic 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 19 Combined 17 City 24 Highway...

122

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Mitsubishi i-MiEV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Electricity* 112 Combined 126 City 99 Highway...

123

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford E350 Van  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 10 cyl, 6.8 L Automatic 5-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 12 Combined 10 City 14 Highway...

124

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Scion iQ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 cyl, 1.3 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 37 Combined 36 City 37 Highway...

125

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Ford Focus Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ford Focus Electric Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side All-Electric Vehicle EPA Fuel Economy Miles per...

126

On Road Fuel Economy Performance of Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Road Fuel Economy Performance of Hybrid Electric Vehicles Lee Slezak Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Jim Francfort Advanced Vehicle Testing...

127

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota Tacoma 2WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2WD Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page 4 cyl, 2.7 L Manual 5-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize...

128

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota Sienna AWD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toyota Sienna AWD Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page 6 cyl, 3.5 L Automatic (S6) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon...

129

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota Tacoma 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4WD Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page 6 cyl, 4.0 L Manual 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize...

130

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota FJ Cruiser 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toyota FJ Cruiser 4WD Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page 6 cyl, 4.0 L Manual 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per...

131

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Chevrolet Suburban 2500 2WD  

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This Page 8 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 12 Combined 10 City 16 Highway...

132

Fuel Economy of the 2013 GMC Savana 1500 AWD (Passenger)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page Compare Side-by-Side 8 cyl, 5.3 L Automatic 4-spd Regular Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 14 Combined 13 City 17 Highway E85 10...

133

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Chevrolet Express 1500 AWD Passenger  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page Compare Side-by-Side 8 cyl, 5.3 L Automatic 4-spd Regular Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 14 Combined 13 City 17 Highway E85 10...

134

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Chevrolet Suburban 2500 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This Page 8 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 12 Combined 10 City 15 Highway...

135

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Fiat 500e  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fiat 500e Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side All-Electric Vehicle EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon...

136

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Chevrolet Spark EV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spark EV Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side All-Electric Vehicle EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon...

137

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Honda Fit EV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fit EV Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side All-Electric Vehicle EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon...

138

2011 Fuel Economy Guide Now Available | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

will provide additional fuel economy information online as more 2011 vehicles, including electric and plug-in hybrid cars, become available. You can view the guide either on the...

139

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Bentley Continental GTC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 12 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic (S6) Premium Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gas 14 Combined 11 City 19...

140

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Bentley Continental Supersports Convertible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 12 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic (S6) Premium Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gas 14 Combined 12 City 19...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford E150 Wagon FFV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 8 cyl, 4.6 L Automatic 4-spd Regular Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 14 Combined 13 City 16...

142

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Bentley Continental GT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 12 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic (S6) Premium Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gas 14 Combined 12 City 19...

143

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Scion iQ EV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scion iQ EV Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (variable gear ratios) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon...

144

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Honda Fit EV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Fit EV Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize...

145

New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Will Continue to Inspire Innovation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Will Continue to Inspire Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Will Continue to Inspire Innovation New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Will Continue to Inspire Innovation July 29, 2011 - 1:48pm Addthis President Barack Obama delivers remarks on fuel efficiency standards for 2017-2025 model year cars and light-duty trucks during an event at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C., July 29, 2011. Seated behind the President are at left are auto industry executives and Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. (Official White House Photo by Samantha Appleton) President Barack Obama delivers remarks on fuel efficiency standards for 2017-2025 model year cars and light-duty trucks during an event at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C., July 29, 2011. Seated behind the President are at left are auto industry executives and

146

New EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label - Gasoline Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Gasoline Vehicles Fuel Economy In addition to the MPG estimates displayed on previous labels, combined city/highway fuel use is also given in terms of gallons per 100 miles. New! Fuel Economy & Greenhouse Gas Rating Use this scale to compare vehicles based on tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change. New! Smog Rating You can now compare vehicles based on tailpipe emissions of smog-forming air pollutants. New! Five-Year Fuel Savings This compares the five-year fuel cost of the vehicle to that of an average gasoline vehicle. The assumptions used to calculate these costs are listed at the bottom of the label. Annual Fuel Cost This cost is based on the combined city/highway MPG estimate and assumptions about driving and fuel prices listed at the bottom of the

147

Analysis of the fuel economy benefit of drivetrain hybridization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Parallel- and series-configured hybrid vehicles likely feasible in next decade arc defined and evaluated using NREL's flexible ADvanced VehIcle SimulatOR ADVISOR. Fuel economics of these two diesel-powered hybrid vehicles are compared to a comparable-technology diesel- powered internal-combustion-engine vehicle. Sensitivities of these fuel economies to various vehicle and component parameters are determined and differences among them are explained. The fuel economy of the parallel hybrid defined here is 24% better than the internal- combustion-engine vehicle and 4% better than the series hybrid.

Cuddy, M.R.; Wipke, K.B.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Feature - Fuel Economy for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Report Looks at Fuel Economy for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles New Report Looks at Fuel Economy for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles heavy duty trucks Argonne researcher Aymeric Rousseau was part of a National Academy of Science (NAS) committee established to make recommendations on improving and regulating fuel consumption for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. On March 31, the committee issued a report that evaluates various technologies and methods that could improve the fuel economy of these vehicles. As a system analysis engineer at Argonne's Center for Transportation Research, Rousseau contributed his expertise on vehicle modeling and simulation to the committee, which was comprised of 19 members from industry, research organizations and academia. Rousseau, who leads the development of Argonne's PSAT and Autonomie software tools, helped the committee determine how modeling and simulation tools can be used to:

149

Fuel Economy Driver Interfaces: Driving Simulator Study of Component Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fuel economy driver interface (FEDI) gives a driver an indication of fuel usage or efficiency. Many passenger vehicles in recent model years have FEDIs and they have been included in some vehicle models for decades. FEDIs present fuel economy information in a variety of forms. Some show fuel economy in miles per gallon (mpg) while others provide a relative measure of economy or provide an alert if fuel economy is especially poor. The appearances of FEDIs vary drastically between vehicle makes and models. FEDIs can provide numerical output, analog or digital gauges, bar charts, illuminator lamps, and a variety of other display features. With the recent emergence of high-resolution LCD screens in cars, detailed and complex color displays are possible, and these make feasible a variety of new FEDI concepts. FEDIs may even include vehicle-adaptive features that influence some aspect of vehicle performance in response to inefficient driver behaviors. While FEDIs have the potential to encourage efficient and safe driving, it is possible that the displays themselves might cause distraction at the expense

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Demonstration of the fuel economy potential associated with M85-fueled vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A gasoline-fueled 1988 Chevrolet Corsica was converted to operate on M85 to demonstrate that the characteristics of methanol fuels can be exploited to emphasize vehicle fuel economy rather than vehicle performance. The results of the tests performed indicated fuel economy improvements of up to 21% at steady highway speeds, and almost 20% on the US Environmental Protection Agency`s federal test procedure city and highway cycles.

Hodgson, J.W.; Huff, S.P. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TRB 05-1336 TRB 05-1336 The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination November 16, 2004 Word Count: 5,966 (including 3 tables and 1 figure) Sanjana Ahmad Research Assistant The University of Tennessee, Knoxville 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, Tennessee 37932 Phone: (865) 946-1311 Fax: (865) 946-1314 Email: sahmad2@utk.edu David L. Greene Corporate Research Fellow Oak Ridge National Laboratory National Transportation Research Center 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, Tennessee 37932 Phone: (865) 946-1310 Fax: (865) 946-1314 Email: dlgreene@ornl.gov Ahmad and Greene 1 ABSTRACT Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to

153

Prospects on fuel economy improvements for hydrogen powered vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel cell vehicles are the subject of extensive research and development because of their potential for high efficiency and low emissions. Because fuel cell vehicles remain expensive and the demand for hydrogen is therefore limited, very few fueling stations are being built. To try to accelerate the development of a hydrogen economy, some original equipment manufacturers (OEM) in the automotive industry have been working on a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine (ICE) as an intermediate step. Despite its lower cost, the hydrogen-fueled ICE offers, for a similar amount of onboard hydrogen, a lower driving range because of its lower efficiency. This paper compares the fuel economy potential of hydrogen-fueled vehicles to their conventional gasoline counterparts. To take uncertainties into account, the current and future status of both technologies were considered. Although complete data related to port fuel injection were provided from engine testing, the map for the direct-injection engine was developed from single-cylinder data. The fuel cell system data represent the status of the current technology and the goals of FreedomCAR. For both port-injected and direct-injected hydrogen engine technologies, power split and series Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) configurations were considered. For the fuel cell system, only a series HEV configuration was simulated.

Rousseau, A.; Wallner, T.; Pagerit, S.; Lohse-Bush, H. (Energy Systems)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N E W S . Reporters mob gas stations to ask drivers how theymost recent trip to a gas station—if that trip had been madevariations between gas stations, or differences in fuel

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N E W S . Reporters mob gas stations to ask drivers how theymost recent trip to a gas station—if that trip had been madevariations between gas stations, or differences in fuel

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Chapter 11. Fuel Economy: The Case for Market Failure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The efficiency of energy using durable goods, from automobiles to home air conditioners, is not only a key determinant of economy-wide energy use but also of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, climate change and energy insecurity. Energy analysts have long noted that consumers appear to have high implicit discount rates for future fuel savings when choosing among energy using durable goods (Howarth and Sanstad, 1995). In modeling consumers choices of appliances, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has used discount rates of 30 percent for heating systems, 69 percent for choice of refrigerator and up to 111 percent for choice of water heater (U.S. DOE/EIA, 1996). Several explanations have been offered for this widespread phenomenon, including asymmetric information, bounded rationality and transaction costs. This chapter argues that uncertainty combined with loss aversion by consumers is sufficient to explain the failure to adopt cost effective energy efficiency improvements in the market for automotive fuel economy, although other market failures appear to be present as well. Understanding how markets for energy efficiency function is crucial to formulating effective energy policies (see Pizer, 2006). Fischer et al., (2004), for example, demonstrated that if consumers fully value the discounted present value of future fuel savings, fuel economy standards are largely redundant and produce small welfare losses. However, if consumers value only the first three years of fuel savings, then fuel economy standards can significantly increase consumer welfare. The nature of any market failure that might be present in the market for energy efficiency would also affect the relative efficacy of energy taxes versus regulatory standards (CBO, 2003). If markets function efficiently, energy taxes would generally be more efficient than regulatory standards in increasing energy efficiency and reducing energy use. If markets are decidedly inefficient, standards would likely be more effective. The chapter explores the roles of uncertainty and loss-aversion in the market for automotive fuel economy. The focus is on the determination of the technical efficiency of the vehicle rather than consumers choices among vehicles. Over the past three decades, changes in the mix of vehicles sold has played little if any role in raising the average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles from 13 miles per gallon (mpg) in 1975 to 21 mpg today (Heavenrich, 2006). Over that same time period, average vehicle weight is up 2 percent, horsepower is up 60 percent, passenger car interior volume increased by 2 percent and the market share of light trucks grew by 31 percentage points. Historically, at least, increasing light-duty vehicle fuel economy in the United States has been a matter of manufacturers decisions to apply technology to increase the technical efficiency of cars and light trucks. Understanding how efficiently the market determines the technical fuel economy of new vehicles would seem to be critical to formulating effective policies to encourage future fuel economy improvement. The central issue is whether or not the market for fuel economy is economically efficient. Rubenstein (1998) lists the key assumptions of the rational economic decision model. The decision maker must have a clear picture of the choice problem he or she faces. He should be fully aware of the set of alternatives from which to choose and have the skill necessary to make complicated calculations needed to discover the optimal course of action. Finally, the decision maker should have the unlimited ability to calculate and be indifferent to alternatives and choice sets.

Greene, David L [ORNL; German, John [Environmental and Energy Analysis; Delucchi, Mark A [University of California, Davis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Fuel Economy Driver Interfaces: Usability Study of Display Component Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fuel economy driver interface (FEDI) gives drivers an indication of fuel usage or efficiency. Many passenger vehicles in recent model years have FEDIs, and they have been included in some vehicle models for decades. FEDIs present fuel economy information in a variety of forms. Some show fuel economy in miles per gallon (mpg) while others provide a relative measure of economy or provide an alert if fuel economy is especially poor. The appearances of FEDIs vary drastically between vehicle makes and models. FEDIs can provide numerical output, analog or digital gauges, bar charts, illuminator lamps, and a variety of other display features. With the recent emergence of high-resolution LCD screens in cars, detailed and complex color displays are possible, and these make feasible a variety of new FEDI concepts. FEDIs may even include vehicle-adaptive features that influence some aspect of vehicle performance in response to inefficient driver behaviors. While FEDIs have the potential to encourage efficient and safe driving, it is possible that the displays themselves cause distraction at the expense of attending to the roadway. Overall goals of this research program are to understand how characteristics of FEDIs influence driver behavior, and to identify best practices for FEDI design to meet drivers ’ needs and minimize distraction and undesirable behavior. Previous work on this project has included documenting the range of existing FEDI designs and conducting focus groups with vehicle owners to discuss fuel efficient driving behaviors and FEDI designs (Jenness, Singer, Walrath, & Lubar, 2009). The purpose of the usability study presented here was to narrow down the range of possible FEDI designs so that the most usable concepts could be tested in a subsequent driving simulator study.

Cs Intensity-changing Light

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Comments on the Joint Proposed Rulemaking to Establish Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on occupant safety than fuel economy standards that arethe automobile fuel economy standards program, NHTSA docketCorporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Docket No. NHTSA–

Wenzel, Thomas P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 4, fuel economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel economy estimates are provided for the CleanFleet vans operated for two years by FedEx in Southern California. Between one and three vehicle manufacturers (Chevrolet, Dodge, and Ford) supplied vans powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85), and unleaded gasoline as a control. Two electric G-Vans, manufactured by Conceptor Corporation, were supplied by Southern California Edison. Vehicle and engine technologies are representative of those available in early 1992. A total of 111 vans were assigned to FedEx delivery routes at five demonstration sites. The driver and route assignments were periodically rotated within each site to ensure that each vehicle would experience a range of driving conditions. Regression analysis was used to estimate the relationships between vehicle fuel economy and factors such as the number of miles driven and the number of delivery stops made each day. The energy adjusted fuel economy (distance per energy consumed) of the alternative fuel vans operating on a typical FedEx duty cycle was between 13 percent lower and 4 percent higher than that of control vans from the same manufacturer. The driving range of vans operating on liquid and gaseous alternative fuels was 1 percent to 59 percent lower than for vans operating on unleaded gasoline. The driving range of the electric G-Vans was less than 50 miles. These comparisons are affected to varying degrees by differences in engine technology used in the alterative fuel and control vehicles. Relative fuel economy results from dynamometer emissions tests were generally consistent with those obtained from FedEx operations.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Fuel Economy Initiative Auto Fuel Efficiency ToolSet Agency/Company /Organization: FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum, United Nations Environment Programme Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.unep.org/transport/gfei/autotool/ This tool is designed to provide policymakers and interested individuals and groups with overviews of policy tools and approaches to improving fleet-wide automobile fuel efficiency and promote lower CO2 and non-CO2 emissions from cars, along with case studies that depict these approaches from developed and developing countries. How to Use This Tool

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

New Methodology for Estimating Fuel Economy by Vehicle Class  

SciTech Connect

Office of Highway Policy Information to develop a new methodology to generate annual estimates of average fuel efficiency and number of motor vehicles registered by vehicle class for Table VM-1 of the Highway Statistics annual publication. This paper describes the new methodology developed under this effort and compares the results of the existing manual method and the new systematic approach. The methodology developed under this study takes a two-step approach. First, the preliminary fuel efficiency rates are estimated based on vehicle stock models for different classes of vehicles. Then, a reconciliation model is used to adjust the initial fuel consumption rates from the vehicle stock models and match the VMT information for each vehicle class and the reported total fuel consumption. This reconciliation model utilizes a systematic approach that produces documentable and reproducible results. The basic framework utilizes a mathematical programming formulation to minimize the deviations between the fuel economy estimates published in the previous year s Highway Statistics and the results from the vehicle stock models, subject to the constraint that fuel consumptions for different vehicle classes must sum to the total fuel consumption estimate published in Table MF-21 of the current year Highway Statistics. The results generated from this new approach provide a smoother time series for the fuel economies by vehicle class. It also utilizes the most up-to-date and best available data with sound econometric models to generate MPG estimates by vehicle class.

Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Dabbs, Kathryn [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: October 26, 4: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #594: October 26, 2009 Fuel Economy and Annual Fuel Cost Ranges for Vehicle Classes on Digg

163

How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? November 12, 2009 - 8:36am Addthis...

164

Microsoft Word - NearTermOptionsforFuelEconomy Greene _2_.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fuel economy have two drawbacks. First, some car buyers would have bought a hybrid vehicle anyway, especially at today's high fuel prices. Second, the incentives will be a...

165

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient Vehicle The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel-Efficient Vehicle January 8, 2014 - 1:10pm Addthis Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your new car purchase this year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Thomas_EyeDesign Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your new car purchase this year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Thomas_EyeDesign Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Other ways to save money at the pump You can save money and use less fuel even without the purchase of a new car. Check out these easy tips to boost your gas mileage and save money. Are you in the market for a new car to start off the New Year? Choosing the

166

Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Optimization of Driving Styles for Fuel Economy Improvement  

SciTech Connect

Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units, particularly to control engine operation with respect to a balance between fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions and testing. However, each individual driving style is different and rarely meets those driving conditions. In the research reported here we investigate those driving style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy. An optimization framework is proposed with the aim of optimizing driving styles with respect to these driving factors. A set of polynomial metamodels are constructed to reflect the responses produced by changes of the driving factors. Then we compare the optimized driving styles to the original ones and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the optimization formulation.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: July 5, 2010 0: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #630: July 5, 2010 Fuel Economy vs. Weight and Performance on AddThis.com...

169

DOE and EPA Release 2012 Annual Fuel Economy Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Release 2012 Annual Fuel Economy Guide EPA Release 2012 Annual Fuel Economy Guide DOE and EPA Release 2012 Annual Fuel Economy Guide November 16, 2011 - 2:37pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are releasing the 2012 Fuel Economy Guide, providing consumers with information that can help them choose a more efficient new vehicle that saves them money and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. While fuel efficient vehicles come in a variety of fuel types, classes, and sizes, many new advanced technology vehicles debut on this year's annual list of top fuel economy performers. Fuel economy leaders within each vehicle category - from two-seaters to large SUVs - include widely available products such as conventional gasoline models and clean

170

Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynasty. (Davies 1943: pl. XXIX). Economy, Haring, UEE 2009J OHN B AINES Short Citation: Haring, 2009, Economy. UEE.Citation: Haring, Ben, 2009, Economy. In Elizabeth Frood and

Haring, Ben

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? November 12, 2009 - 8:36am Addthis On Monday, you read about the resources on Fueleconomy.gov and how they can help you compare the fuel economy of vehicles. Fueleconomy.gov also offers a tool called Your MPG, where you can track your own fuel economy and compare it to that of other users and to the test ratings. Many factors affect your mileage, and you may see different numbers than those list on Fueleconomy.gov. Whether you are using Your MPG or just keeping track on your own: How does your fuel economy compare to the test ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

172

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1973-2011 (Miles per Gallon) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review August 2013 17

173

Impacts of Renewable Fuel and Electricity Standards on State Economies (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

This poster, submitted for the CU Energy Initiative/NREL Symposium on October 3, discusses the impacts of renewable fuel and electricity standards on state economies.

Brown, E.; Cory, K.; Brown, J.; Bird, L.; Sweezey, B.

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

174

Measuring and Reporting Fuel Economy of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reviews techniques used to characterize plug-in hybrid electric vehicle fuel economy, discussing their merits, limitations, and best uses.

Gonder, J.; Simpson, A.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Vehicle fuel economy benefit and aftertreatment requirement of an HCCI-SI engine system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This body of work dimensions the HCCI fuel economy benefits and required aftertreatment performance for compliance with emissions regulations in North America and Europe. The… (more)

Hardy, AliciA Jillian Jackson, 1978-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Impact of Vehicle Air-Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vehicle air-conditioning can significantly impact fuel economy and tailpipe emissions of conventional and hybrid electric vehicles and reduce electric vehicle range. In addition, a new US emissions procedure, called the Supplemental Federal Test Procedure, has provided the motivation for reducing the size of vehicle air-conditioning systems in the US. The SFTP will measure tailpipe emissions with the air-conditioning system operating. Current air-conditioning systems can reduce the fuel economy of high fuel-economy vehicles by about 50% and reduce the fuel economy of today's mid-sized vehicles by more than 20% while increasing NOx by nearly 80% and CO by 70%.

Farrington, R.; Rugh, J.

2000-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

177

Measuring and Reporting Fuel Economy of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reviews techniques used to characterize plug-in hybrid electric vehicle fuel economy, discussing their merits, limitations, and best uses.

Gonder, J.; Simpson, A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Modeling and control of a hybrid electric drivetrain for optimum fuel economy, performance and driveability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Automotive manufacturers have been striving for decades to produce vehicles which satisfy customers’ requirements at minimum cost. Many of their concerns are on fuel economy,… (more)

Wei, Xi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide November 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) today released the 2011 Fuel Economy Guide, providing consumers with information about estimated mileage and fuel costs for model year 2011 vehicles. Choosing the most fuel efficient vehicle in a class will save consumers money and reduce carbon pollution. "Increasing fuel efficiency is important for our environment, our economy and our health - and it helps families save money at the pump," EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson said. "This guide will help consumers make the right choice for the environment and for their wallets when buying a

180

DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Annual Fuel Economy Guide 1 Annual Fuel Economy Guide DOE and EPA Release 2011 Annual Fuel Economy Guide November 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) today released the 2011 Fuel Economy Guide, providing consumers with information about estimated mileage and fuel costs for model year 2011 vehicles. Choosing the most fuel efficient vehicle in a class will save consumers money and reduce carbon pollution. "Increasing fuel efficiency is important for our environment, our economy and our health - and it helps families save money at the pump," EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson said. "This guide will help consumers make the right choice for the environment and for their wallets when buying a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of tripled fuel economy vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents estimates of the full cycle energy and emissions impacts of light-duty vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) as currently being developed by the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Seven engine and fuel combinations were analyzed: reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines; low sulfur diesel and dimethyl ether in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines; and hydrogen and methanol in fuel-cell vehicles. The fuel efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translated directly into reductions in total energy demand, petroleum demand, and carbon dioxide emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency resulted in substantial reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxide, and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns, particularly under the High Market Share Scenario.

Mintz, M.M.; Wang, M.Q.; Vyas, A.D.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

182

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing (Batteries and Fuel Economies)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing Donald Karner a , James Francfort b a Electric Transportation Applications 401 South 2nd Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85003, USA b Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA Abstract The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles.

183

54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy 54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy 54.5 MPG and Beyond: Materials Lighten the Load for Fuel Economy December 4, 2012 - 12:06pm Addthis Lightweight materials, such as high-strength steel, aluminum, magnesium and carbon fiber can help improve fuel economy in future vehicles. This is a carbon fiber from microwave-assisted plasma unit -- a unit that is part of the process to transform precursor fibers into carbon fibers that can be used in vehicles. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Lightweight materials, such as high-strength steel, aluminum, magnesium and carbon fiber can help improve fuel economy in future vehicles. This is a carbon fiber from microwave-assisted plasma unit -- a unit that is part of the process to transform precursor fibers into carbon fibers that can be

184

Fuel Economy and Emissions of a Vehicle Equipped with an Aftermarket Flexible-Fuel Conversion Kit  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) grants Certificates of Conformity for alternative fuel conversion systems and also offers other forms of premarket registration of conversion kits for use in vehicles more than two model years old. Use of alternative fuels such as ethanol, natural gas, and propane are encouraged by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) produce emissions-certified vehicles capable of using alternative fuels, and several alternative fuel conversion system manufacturers produce EPA-approved conversion systems for a variety of alternative fuels and vehicle types. To date, only one manufacturer (Flex Fuel U.S.) has received EPA certifications for ethanol fuel (E85) conversion kits. This report details an independent evaluation of a vehicle with a legal installation of a Flex Fuel U.S. conversion kit. A 2006 Dodge Charger was baseline tested with ethanol-free certification gasoline (E0) and E20 (gasoline with 20 vol % ethanol), converted to flex-fuel operation via installation of a Flex Box Smart Kit from Flex Fuel U.S., and retested with E0, E20, E50, and E81. Test cycles included the Federal Test Procedure (FTP or city cycle), the highway fuel economy test (HFET), and the US06 test (aggressive driving test). Averaged test results show that the vehicle was emissions compliant on E0 in the OEM condition (before conversion) and compliant on all test fuels after conversion. Average nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions exceeded the Tier 2/Bin 5 intermediate life NO{sub X} standard with E20 fuel in the OEM condition due to two of three test results exceeding this standard [note that E20 is not a legal fuel for non-flexible-fuel vehicles (non-FFVs)]. In addition, one E0 test result before conversion and one E20 test result after conversion exceeded the NOX standard, although the average result in these two cases was below the standard. Emissions of ethanol and acetaldehyde increased with increasing ethanol, while nonmethane organic gas and CO emissions remained relatively unchanged for all fuels and cycles. Higher fraction ethanol blends appeared to decrease NO{sub X} emissions on the FTP and HFET (after conversion). As expected, fuel economy (miles per gallon) decreased with increasing ethanol content in all cases.

Thomas, John F [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of tripled fuel-economy vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents estimates of the fill fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of light-duty vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) as currently being developed by the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Seven engine and fuel combinations were analyzed: reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines; low-sulfur diesel and dimethyl ether in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines; and hydrogen and methanol in fuel-cell vehicles. Results were obtained for three scenarios: a Reference Scenario without PNGVs, a High Market Share Scenario in which PNGVs account for 60% of new light-duty vehicle sales by 2030, and a Low Market Share Scenario in which PNGVs account for half as many sales by 2030. Under the higher of these two, the fuel-efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translated directly into a nearly 50% reduction in total energy demand, petroleum demand, and carbon dioxide emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency resulted in substantial reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}), carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), sulfur oxide, (SO{sub x}), and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns (PM{sub 10}) for most of the engine-fuel combinations examined. The key exceptions were diesel- and ethanol-fueled vehicles for which PM{sub 10} emissions increased.

Mintz, M. M.; Vyas, A. D.; Wang, M. Q.

1997-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

186

Gasoline-fueled hybrid vs. conventional vehicle emissions and fuel economy.  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the relative fuel economy and emissions behavior, both measured and modeled, of technically comparable, contemporary hybrid and conventional vehicles fueled by gasoline, in terms of different driving cycles. Criteria pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides) are discussed, and the potential emissions benefits of designing hybrids for grid connection are briefly considered. In 1997, Toyota estimated that their grid-independent hybrid vehicle would obtain twice the fuel economy of a comparable conventional vehicle on the Japan 10/15 mode driving cycle. This initial result, as well as the fuel economy level (66 mpg), made its way into the U.S. press. Criteria emissions amounting to one-tenth of Japanese standards were cited, and some have interpreted these results to suggest that the grid-independent hybrid can reduce criteria emissions in the U.S. more sharply than can a conventional gasoline vehicle. This paper shows that the potential of contemporary grid-independent hybrid vehicle technology for reducing emissions and fuel consumption under U.S. driving conditions is less than some have inferred. The importance (and difficulty) of doing test and model assessments with comparable driving cycles, comparable emissions control technology, and comparable performance capabilities is emphasized. Compared with comparable-technology conventional vehicles, grid-independent hybrids appear to have no clear criteria pollutant benefits (or disbenefits). (Such benefits are clearly possible with grid-connectable hybrids operating in zero emissions mode.) However, significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (i.e., fuel consumption) are possible with hybrid vehicles when they are used to best advantage.

Anderson, J.; Bharathan, D.; He, J.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.; Vyas, A.

1999-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

187

Global Fuel Economy Initiative: 50by50 Prospects and Progress | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Fuel Economy Initiative: 50by50 Prospects and Progress Global Fuel Economy Initiative: 50by50 Prospects and Progress Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Fuel Economy Initiative: 50by50 Prospects and Progress Focus Area: Clean Transportation Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.globalfueleconomy.org/Documents/Publications/prospects_and_progres Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/global-fuel-economy-initiative-50by50 Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: "Fuel Efficiency Standards,Mandates/Targets" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

188

DOE and EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models DOE and EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models December 6, 2012 - 5:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) are releasing the 2013 Fuel Economy Guide, giving consumers clear and easy-to-read information to help them choose the most fuel efficient and low greenhouse gas emitting vehicles that meet their needs. The 2013 models include efficient and low-emission vehicles in a variety of classes and sizes, but notable this year is the growing availability of hybrids and the increasing number of electric vehicles. "This Administration has been working to foster a new generation of clean, fuel-efficient American vehicles, and part of that effort is

189

Learn More About the Fuel Economy Label for Plug-in Hybrid Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Learn More About the New Label Plug-in Hybrid Fuel Economy Label Vehicle Technology & Fuel Comparing Fuel Economy to Other Vehicles You Save/Spend More over 5 Years Compared to Average Vehicle Estimated Annual Fuel Cost Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Rating CO2 Emissions Information Smog Rating QR Code fueleconomy.gov Driving Range Charge Time 1. Vehicle Technology & Fuel The upper right corner of the label will display text and a related icon to identify it as a vehicle that can be powered by both gasoline and electricity. You will see different text and icons on the labels for other vehicles: Gasoline Vehicle Diesel Vehicle Compressed Natural Gas Vehicle Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Flexible-Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol (E85)

190

DOE and EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE and EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models DOE and EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models DOE and EPA Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2013 Models December 6, 2012 - 5:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) are releasing the 2013 Fuel Economy Guide, giving consumers clear and easy-to-read information to help them choose the most fuel efficient and low greenhouse gas emitting vehicles that meet their needs. The 2013 models include efficient and low-emission vehicles in a variety of classes and sizes, but notable this year is the growing availability of hybrids and the increasing number of electric vehicles. "This Administration has been working to foster a new generation of

191

EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models December 3, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) are releasing the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide, providing consumers with a valuable resource to identify and choose the most fuel efficient and low greenhouse gas emitting vehicles that meet their needs. The 2014 models include efficient and low-emission vehicles in a variety of classes and sizes, ensuring a wide variety of choices available for consumers. "For American families, the financial and environmental bottom line are high priorities when shopping for a new vehicle," said Administrator Gina

192

EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models EPA and DOE Release Annual Fuel Economy Guide with 2014 Models December 3, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) are releasing the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide, providing consumers with a valuable resource to identify and choose the most fuel efficient and low greenhouse gas emitting vehicles that meet their needs. The 2014 models include efficient and low-emission vehicles in a variety of classes and sizes, ensuring a wide variety of choices available for consumers. "For American families, the financial and environmental bottom line are high priorities when shopping for a new vehicle," said Administrator Gina

193

Modeling the effect of engine assembly mass on engine friction and vehicle fuel economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, an analytical model is developed to estimate the impact of reducing engine assembly mass (the term engine assembly refers to the moving components of the engine system, including crankshafts, valve train, pistons, and connecting rods) on engine friction and vehicle fuel economy. The relative changes in frictional mean effective pressure and fuel economy are proportional to the relative change in assembly mass. These changes increase rapidly as engine speed increases. Based on the model, a 25% reduction in engine assembly mass results in a 2% fuel economy improvement for a typical mid-size passenger car over the EPA Urban and Highway Driving Cycles.

An, Feng [University of California, Riverside, CA (United States); Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Fuel Economy Standards for New Light Trucks (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In March 2006, NHTSA finalized CAFE standards requiring higher fuel economy performance for light-duty trucks in MY 2008 through 2011. Unlike the proposed CAFE standards discussed in AEO2006 [13], which would have established minimum fuel economy requirements by six footprint size classes, the final reformed CAFE standards specify a continuous mathematical function that determines minimum fuel economy requirements by vehicle footprint, defined as the wheelbase (the distance from the front axle to the center of the rear axle) times the average track width (the distance between the center lines of the tires) of the vehicle in square feet.

Information Center

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford F150 Pickup 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

View the Mobile Version of This Page 8 cyl, 6.2 L Automatic (S6) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 13 Combined 12...

196

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Rolls-Royce Phantom Drophead Coupe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 12 cyl, 6.7 L Automatic (S8) Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 11 City 19 Highway...

197

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Mercedes-Benz CL65 AMG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 12 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic 5-spd Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 14 Combined 12 City 18 Highway...

198

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Mercedes-Benz E63 AMG (wagon)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of This Page 8 cyl, 5.5 L Automatic 7-spd Premium Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Premium Gasoline 18 Combined 15 City 23 Highway...

199

Figure 71. Average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles, 1980 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 71. Average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles, 1980-2040 (miles per gallon, CAFE compliance values) History Reference case

200

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ford F150 Raptor Pickup 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

View the Mobile Version of This Page 8 cyl, 6.2 L Automatic (S6) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 13 Combined 11...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (A1) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side EV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Electricity* 95 Combined 94 City 97 Highway...

202

Vehicle fuel economy benefit and aftertreatment requirement of an HCCI-SI engine system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This body of work dimensions the HCCI fuel economy benefits and required aftertreatment performance for compliance with emissions regulations in North America and Europe. The following parameters were identified as key ...

Hardy, AliciA Jillian Jackson, 1978-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

New-vehicle fuel economy continues to increase - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other qualified vehicles are non-hybrid natural gas and electric vehicles, for which the NHTSA fuel economy values are 6.667 times the EPA motor gasoline-based values.

204

Fuel Economy of the 2013 GMC Yukon XL 2500 2WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This Page 8 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 12 Combined 10 City 16 Highway...

205

Fuel Economy of the 2013 GMC Yukon XL 2500 4WD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This Page 8 cyl, 6.0 L Automatic 6-spd Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gasoline 12 Combined 10 City 15 Highway...

206

Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INLEXT-12-27320 Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy in Light- Duty Passenger Vehicles Jeffrey Wishart Matthew Shirk Contract No. DE-FC26-05NT42486...

207

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Ford Fusion Energi Plug-in Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page Compare Side-by-Side 4 cyl, 2.0 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gas and Electricity EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 43 Combined 44 City...

208

Fuel Economy of the 2013 GMC Savana 1500 2WD (Passenger)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 8 cyl, 5.3 L Automatic 4-spd Regular Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 14 Combined 13 City 17...

209

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Chevrolet Express 1500 2WD Passenger  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 8 cyl, 5.3 L Automatic 4-spd Regular Gas or E85 FFV EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 14 Combined 13 City 17...

210

Fuel economy regulations and efficiency technology improvements in U.S. cars since 1975  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light-duty vehicles account for 43% of petroleum consumption and 23% of green- house gas emissions in the United States. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are the primary policy tool addressing petroleum ...

MacKenzie, Donald Warren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Feebates and Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts on Fuel Use in Light-Duty Vehicles and Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the potential impacts of a national feebate system, a market-based policy that consists of graduated fees on low-fuel-economy (or high-emitting) vehicles and rebates for high-fuel-economy (or lowemitting) vehicles. In their simplest form, feebate systems operate under three conditions: a benchmark divides all vehicles into two categories-those charged fees and those eligible for rebates; the sizes of the fees and rebates are a function of a vehicle's deviation from its benchmark; and placement of the benchmark ensures revenue neutrality or a desired level of subsidy or revenue. A model developed by the University of California for the California Air Resources Board was revised and used to estimate the effects of six feebate structures on fuel economy and sales of new light-duty vehicles, given existing and anticipated future fuel economy and emission standards. These estimates for new vehicles were then entered into a vehicle stock model that simulated the evolution of the entire vehicle stock. The results indicate that feebates could produce large, additional reductions in emissions and fuel consumption, in large part by encouraging market acceptance of technologies with advanced fuel economy, such as hybrid electric vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The Economic, Energy, and GHG Emissions Impacts of Proposed 2017–2025 Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increases in the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for 2017 to 2025 model year light-duty vehicles are currently under consideration. This analysis uses an economy-wide model with detail in the passenger ...

Karplus, Valerie

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer`s surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Duleep, K.G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

BioFacts: Fueling a stronger economy, Biodiesel. Revision 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a substitute for or an additive to diesel fuel that is derived from the oils and fats of plants. It is an alternative fuel that can be used in diesel engines and provides power similar to conventional diesel fuel. It is a biodegradable transportation fuel that contributes little, if any, net carbon dioxide or sulfur to the atmosphere, and is low in particulate emission. It is a renewable, domestically produced liquid fuel that can help reduce US dependence on foreign oil imports. This overview presents the resource potential, history, processing techniques, US DOE programs cost and utilization potential of biodiesel fuels.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

We Can't Wait: Driving Forward with New Fuel Economy Standards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Can't Wait: Driving Forward with New Fuel Economy Standards Can't Wait: Driving Forward with New Fuel Economy Standards We Can't Wait: Driving Forward with New Fuel Economy Standards November 16, 2011 - 4:04pm Addthis The Vehicle Cost Calculator helps consumers go beyond the sticker price of a vehicle and determine the lifetime cost when they head to the car lot. | Photo by Kino Praxis. The Vehicle Cost Calculator helps consumers go beyond the sticker price of a vehicle and determine the lifetime cost when they head to the car lot. | Photo by Kino Praxis. Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change What does this project do? Saves you money by increasing the fuel efficiency equivalent of light-duty trucks and cars to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Drives innovation in the manufacturing sector and helps create

218

Learn More About the Fuel Economy Label for Gasoline Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

different text and icons in the labels for other vehicles: Diesel Vehicle Compressed Natural Gas Vehicle Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Flexible-Fuel Vehicle: Gasoline-Ethanol (E85)...

219

Predicting Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy as a Function of Highway Speed  

SciTech Connect

The www.fueleconomy.gov website offers information such as window label fuel economy for city, highway, and combined driving for all U.S.-legal light-duty vehicles from 1984 to the present. The site is jointly maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and also offers a considerable amount of consumer information and advice pertaining to vehicle fuel economy and energy related issues. Included with advice pertaining to driving styles and habits is information concerning the trend that as highway cruising speed is increased, fuel economy will degrade. An effort was undertaken to quantify this conventional wisdom through analysis of dynamometer testing results for 74 vehicles at steady state speeds from 50 to 80 mph. Using this experimental data, several simple models were developed to predict individual vehicle fuel economy and its rate of change over the 50-80 mph speed range interval. The models presented require a minimal number of vehicle attributes. The simplest model requires only the EPA window label highway mpg value (based on the EPA specified estimation method for 2008 and beyond). The most complex of these simple model uses vehicle coast-down test coefficients (from testing prescribed by SAE Standard J2263) known as the vehicle Target Coefficients, and the raw fuel economy result from the federal highway test. Statistical comparisons of these models and discussions of their expected usefulness and limitations are offered.

Thomas, John F [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy. [Hydrocarbon (HC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota RAV4 EV  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toyota RAV4 EV Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Automatic (variable gear ratios) Electricity Compare Side-by-Side All-Electric Vehicle EPA Fuel...

222

New EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label - Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you compare to gasoline vehicles Kilowatt-hours per 100 miles to help you estimate fuel costs Driving Range Driving range is an estimate of the distance the vehicle can travel on...

223

Simulated fuel economy and emissions performance during city and interstate driving for a heavy-duty hybrid truck  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare simulated fuel economy and emissions for both conventional and hybrid class 8 heavy-duty diesel trucks operating over multiple urban and highway driving cycles. Both light and heavy freight loads were considered, and all simulations included full aftertreatment for NOx and particulate emissions controls. The aftertreatment components included a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), urea-selective catalytic NOx reduction (SCR), and a catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). Our simulated hybrid powertrain was configured with a pre-transmission parallel drive, with a single electric motor between the clutch and gearbox. A conventional HD truck with equivalent diesel engine and aftertreatment was also simulated for comparison. Our results indicate that hybridization can significantly increase HD fuel economy and improve emissions control in city driving. However, there is less potential hybridization benefit for HD highway driving. A major factor behind the reduced hybridization benefit for highway driving is that there are fewer opportunities to utilize regenerative breaking. Our aftertreatment simulations indicate that opportunities for passive DPF regeneration are much greater for both hybrid and conventional trucks during highway driving due to higher sustained exhaust temperatures. When passive DPF regeneration is extensively utilized, the fuel penalty for particulate control is virtually eliminated, except for the 0.4%-0.9% fuel penalty associated with the slightly higher exhaust backpressure.

Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic coordinated design of future climate and energy policy. In this work we use a computable general equilibrium No. 217 May 2012 #12;The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change

225

Leveraging Intelligent Vehicle Technologies to Maximize Fuel Economy (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advancements in vehicle electronics, along with communication and sensing technologies, have led to a growing number of intelligent vehicle applications. Example systems include those for advanced driver information, route planning and prediction, driver assistance, and crash avoidance. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is exploring ways to leverage intelligent vehicle systems to achieve fuel savings. This presentation discusses several potential applications, such as providing intelligent feedback to drivers on specific ways to improve their driving efficiency, and using information about upcoming driving to optimize electrified vehicle control strategies for maximum energy efficiency and battery life. The talk also covers the potential of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and related technologies to deliver significant fuel savings in addition to providing safety and convenience benefits.

Gonder, J.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Learn More About the Fuel Economy Label for Plug-in Hybrid Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Híbridos Eléctricos Enchufables Híbridos Eléctricos Enchufables Aprenda más acerca del Nuevo Engomado Plug-in Hybrid Fuel Economy Label Vehicle Technology & Fuel Comparing Fuel Economy to Other Vehicles You Save/Spend More over 5 Years Compared to Average Vehicle Estimated Annual Fuel Cost Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Rating CO2 Emissions Information Smog Rating QR Code fueleconomy.gov Driving Range Charge Time 1. Tecnología y Combustible para Vehículos La esquina superior derecha del engomado muestra el texto y el ícono que identifica que el vehículo puede utilizar gasolina y electricidad. Usted verá otro texto e íconos diferentes en los engomados de otros vehículos; Vehículo de Gasolina Vehículo de Diesel Vehículo de Gas Natural Comprimido Vehículo de Célula de Combustible

227

Feebates, rebates and gas-guzzler taxes: a study of incentives for increased fuel economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 (2005) 757-775 Feebates, rebates and gas-guzzler taxes: a study of incentives for increased fuel economy $ David L. Greene a, *, Philip D. Patterson b , Margaret Singh c , Jia Li d a Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Transportation Research Center, 2360 Cherahala Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37932, USA b Office of Planning, Budget Formulation and Analysis, US Department of Energy, Forestall Building (EE-3B), 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585, USA c Argonne National Laboratory, 955 L'Enfant Plaza, S.W., Suite 6000, Washington, DC 20024, USA d National Transportation Research Center, The University of Tennessee, 2360 Cherahala Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37932, USA Abstract US fuel economy standards have not been changed significantly in 20 years. Feebates are a market-based alternative in which vehicles with fuel consumption rates above a ''pivot point''

228

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience Background The standard, 40-foot diesel- powered transit bus is noisy, consumes a gallon of fuel for every three miles it travels, weighs 28,000 pounds, and contributes significantly to ur- ban air pollution. While hybrid electric buses do exist, they are very expensive, and typi- cally get just four miles to the gallon. Autokinetics and the Department of Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program saw sig- nificant room for improvement in hybrid electric buses-in terms of weight and noise reduction, better fuel economy, lower cost, and rider percep- tion-using lightweight body

229

Measured Laboratory and In-Use Fuel Economy Observed over Targeted Drive Cycles for Comparable Hybrid and Conventional Package Delivery Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-use and laboratory-derived fuel economies were analyzed for a medium-duty hybrid electric drivetrain with 'engine off at idle' capability and a conventional drivetrain in a typical commercial package delivery application. Vehicles studied included eleven 2010 Freightliner P100H hybrids in service at a United Parcel Service facility in Minneapolis during the first half of 2010. The hybrids were evaluated for 18 months against eleven 2010 Freightliner P100D diesels at the same facility. Both vehicle groups use the same 2009 Cummins ISB 200-HP engine. In-use fuel economy was evaluated using UPS's fueling and mileage records, periodic ECM image downloads, and J1939 CAN bus recordings during the periods of duty cycle study. Analysis of the in-use fuel economy showed 13%-29% hybrid advantage depending on measurement method, and a delivery route assignment analysis showed 13%-26% hybrid advantage on the less kinetically intense original diesel route assignments and 20%-33% hybrid advantage on the more kinetically intense original hybrid route assignments. Three standardized laboratory drive cycles were selected that encompassed the range of real-world in-use data. The hybrid vehicle demonstrated improvements in ton-mi./gal fuel economy of 39%, 45%, and 21% on the NYC Comp, HTUF Class 4, and CARB HHDDT test cycles, respectively.

Lammert, M. P.; Walkowicz, K.; Duran, A.; Sindler, P.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Assessment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the number of stations and vehicles necessary to achieve future goals for sales of ethanol fuel (E85) is presented. Issues related to the supply of ethanol, which may turn out to be of even greater concern, are not analyzed here. A model of consumers decisions to purchase E85 versus gasoline based on prices, availability, and refueling frequency is derived, and preliminary results for 2010, 2017, and 2030 consistent with the president s 2007 biofuels program goals are presented. A limited sensitivity analysis is carried out to indicate key uncertainties in the trade-off between the number of stations and fuels. The analysis indicates that to meet a 2017 goal of 26 billion gallons of E85 sold, on the order of 30% to 80% of all stations may need to offer E85 and that 125 to 200 million flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs) may need to be on the road, even if oil prices remain high. These conclusions are tentative for three reasons: there is considerable uncertainty about key parameter values, such as the price elasticity of choice between E85 and gasoline; the future prices of E85 and gasoline are uncertain; and the method of analysis used is highly aggregated it does not consider the potential benefits of regional strategies or the possible existence of market segments predisposed to purchase E85. Nonetheless, the preliminary results indicate that the 2017 biofuels program goals are ambitious and will require a massive effort to produce enough FFVs and ensure widespread availability of E85.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy without sacrificing safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumers. As vehicle manufacturers strive to improve theinfluenced by the vehicles that manufacturers design andfuel economy, manufacturers can develop stronger vehicle

Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Deriving In-Use PHEV Fuel Economy Predictions from Standardized Test Cycle Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have potential to reduce or eliminate the U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Quantifying the amount of petroleum each uses, however, is challenging. To estimate in-use fuel economy for conventional vehicles the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducts chassis dynamometer tests on standard historic drive cycles and then adjusts the resulting “raw” fuel economy measurements downward. Various publications, such as the forthcoming update to the SAE J1711 recommended practice for PHEV fuel economy testing, address the challenges of applying standard test procedures to PHEVs. This paper explores the issue of how to apply an adjustment method to such “raw” PHEV dynamometer test results in order to more closely estimate the in-use fuel and electricity consumption characteristics of these vehicles. The paper discusses two possible adjustment methods, and evaluates one method by applying it to dynamometer data and comparing the result to in-use fleet data (on an aftermarket conversion PHEV). The paper will also present the methodologies used to collect the data needed for this comparison.

John Smart; Richard "Barney" Carlson; Jeff Gonder; Aaron Brooker

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Survey Evidence on the Willingness of U.S. Consumers to Pay for Automotive Fuel Economy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prospect theory, which was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2002, holds that human beings faced with a risky bet will tend to value potential losses about twice as much as potential gains. Previous research has demonstrated that prospect theory could be sufficient to explain an energy paradox in the market for automotive fuel economy. This paper analyzes data from four random sample surveys of 1,000 U.S. households each in 2004, 2011, 2012 and 2013. Households were asked about willingness to pay for future fuel savings as well as the annual fuel savings necessary to justify a given upfront payment. Payback periods inferred from household responses are consistent over time and across different formulations of questions. Mean calculated payback periods are short, about 3 years, but there is substantial dispersion among individual responses. Calculated payback periods do not appear to be correlated with the attributes of respondents. Respondents were able to quantitatively describe their uncertainty about both vehicle fuel economy and future fuel prices. Simulation of loss averse behavior based on this stated uncertainty illustrate how loss aversion could lead consumers to substantially undervalue future fuel savings relative to their expected value.

Greene, David L [ORNL; Evans, David H [Sewanee, The University of the South; Hiestand, John [Indiana University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Lightweighting Impacts on Fuel Economy, Cost, and Component Losses  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Future Automotive Systems Technology Simulator (FASTSim) is the U.S. Department of Energy's high-level vehicle powertrain model developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. It uses a time versus speed drive cycle to estimate the powertrain forces required to meet the cycle. It simulates the major vehicle powertrain components and their losses. It includes a cost model based on component sizing and fuel prices. FASTSim simulated different levels of lightweighting for four different powertrains: a conventional gasoline engine vehicle, a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), and a battery electric vehicle (EV). Weight reductions impacted the conventional vehicle's efficiency more than the HEV, PHEV and EV. Although lightweighting impacted the advanced vehicles' efficiency less, it reduced component cost and overall costs more. The PHEV and EV are less cost effective than the conventional vehicle and HEV using current battery costs. Assuming the DOE's battery cost target of $100/kWh, however, the PHEV attained similar cost and lightweighting benefits. Generally, lightweighting was cost effective when it costs less than $6/kg of mass eliminated.

Brooker, A. D.; Ward, J.; Wang, L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Revised projections of fuel economy and technology for highway vehicles. Task 22. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Both the methodology used to forecast fuel economy and the technological and tooling plan data central to the derivation of the forecast for all those vehicle classes are updated here. Forecasts were prepared for a scenario where oil prices stay flat through 1985 (in current real dollars) and increase at the rate of one percent per year in the 1985 to 1995 period. Estimates of the mix of vehicles sold and projections for diesel penetration are documented. Revised forecasts for cars and light duty truck analysis are detailed. Heavy-duty truck fuel economy forecast revisions are described. The DOE automotive R and D programs are examined in the context of the newly revised projections. (MHR)

1983-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Data Collection for Class-8 Long-Haul Operations and Fuel Economy Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Long-Haul Long-Haul Operations and Fuel Economy Analysis A s part of a long-term study sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Vehicle Technologies (OVT), the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in conjunction with a number of industry partners (Michelin Americas Research Company - Michelin), have collected data and information related to Class-8 heavy truck long-haul operations in real-world

237

US Department of Energy Hybrid Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles. Currently, the AVTA is conducting significant tests of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). This testing has included all HEVs produced by major automotive manufacturers and spans over 1.3 million miles. The results of all testing are posted on the AVTA web page maintained by the Idaho National Laboratory. Through the course of this testing, the fuel economy of HEV fleets has been monitored and analyzed to determine the "real world" performance of their hybrid energy systems, particularly the battery. While the initial "real world" fuel economy of these vehicles has typically been less than that evaluated by the manufacturer and varies significantly with environmental conditions, the fuel economy and, therefore, battery performance, has remained stable over vehicle life (160,000 miles).

Donald Karner; J.E. Francfort

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Fuel Economy and Emissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Saab Automobile recently released the BioPower engines, advertised to use increased turbocharger boost and spark advance on ethanol fuel to enhance performance. Specifications for the 2.0 liter turbocharged engine in the Saab 9-5 Biopower 2.0t report 150 hp on gasoline and a 20% increase to 180 hp on E85 (nominally 85% ethanol, 15% gasoline). While FFVs sold in the U.S. must be emissions certified on Federal Certification Gasoline as well as on E85, the European regulations only require certification on gasoline. Owing to renewed and growing interest in increased ethanol utilization in the U.S., a European-specification 2007 Saab 9-5 Biopower 2.0t was acquired by the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for benchmark evaluations. Results show that the BioPower vehicle's gasoline equivalent fuel economy on the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) and the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET) are on par with similar U.S.-legal flex-fuel vehicles. Regulated and unregulated emissions measurements on the FTP and the US06 aggressive driving test (part of the supplemental FTP) show that despite the lack of any certification testing requirement in Europe on E85 or on the U.S. cycles, the BioPower is within Tier 2, Bin 5 emissions levels (note that full useful life emissions have not been measured) on the FTP, and also within the 4000 mile US06 emissions limits. Emissions of hydrocarbon-based hazardous air pollutants are higher on Federal Certification Gasoline while ethanol and aldehyde emissions are higher on ethanol fuel. The advertised power increase on E85 was confirmed through acceleration tests on the chassis dyno as well as on-road.

West, Brian H [ORNL; Lopez Vega, Alberto [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

1994 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Fueling a Competitive Economy  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy has a rich heritage of meeting important national goals in the areas of energy, national security, science, and technology. The end of the Cold War, and the election of President Clinton, have given us a new national agenda. Through a comprehensive strategic planning process, we have determined that the Department must now unleash its extraordinary scientific and technical talent and resources on new and more sharply focused goals: fueling a competitive economy, improving the environment through waste management and pollution prevention, and reducing the nuclear danger.

None,

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the CAFE standards set by NHTSA. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Selected Isotopes for Optimized Fuel Assembly Tags  

SciTech Connect

In support of our ongoing signatures project we present information on 3 isotopes selected for possible application in optimized tags that could be applied to fuel assemblies to provide an objective measure of burnup. 1. Important factors for an optimized tag are compatibility with the reactor environment (corrosion resistance), low radioactive activation, at least 2 stable isotopes, moderate neutron absorption cross-section, which gives significant changes in isotope ratios over typical fuel assembly irradiation levels, and ease of measurement in the SIMS machine 2. From the candidate isotopes presented in the 3rd FY 08 Quarterly Report, the most promising appear to be Titanium, Hafnium, and Platinum. The other candidate isotopes (Iron, Tungsten, exhibited inadequate corrosion resistance and/or had neutron capture cross-sections either too high or too low for the burnup range of interest.

Gerlach, David C.; Mitchell, Mark R.; Reid, Bruce D.; Gesh, Christopher J.; Hurley, David E.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Smithtown Selects CNG Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs on AddThis.com... April 7, 2011 Smithtown Selects CNG to Cut Refuse Collection Costs

243

The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of vehicle. Looking for the most fuel-efficient 2014 family sedan hybrid? The 2014 Toyota Prius tops the online guide at 50 combined cityhighway MPG. Need something larger,...

244

SELECTING FUELS WITHIN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REQUIREMENTS: CONVERTING A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELECTING FUELS WITHIN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REQUIREMENTS: CONVERTING A PRESENT COMBUSTION SYSTEM fossil fuels. Next, the alternative fuels with large po tential energy recovery are selected and presentDIIsrCDUICTOI SCIIU, ! i ItFUS£_pu- ;1II-'NfU1MTJ: 'U.)'// PIr I It \\I I ' I Ir-SUIIDDU\\N. £DI

Columbia University

245

Market study for direct utilization of geothermal resources by selected sectors of economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comprehensive analysis is presented of industrial markets potential for direct use of geothermal energy by a total of six industry sectors: food and kindred products; tobacco manufactures; textile mill products; lumber and wood products (except furniture); chemicals and allied products; and leather and leather products. A brief statement is presented regarding sectors of the economy and major manufacturing processes which can readily utilize direct geothermal energy. Previous studies on plant location determinants are summarized and appropriate empirical data provided on plant locations. Location determinants and potential for direct use of geothermal resources are presented. The data was gathered through interviews with 30 senior executives in the six sectors of economy selected for study. Probable locations of plants in geothermal resource areas and recommendations for geothermal resource marketing are presented. Appendix A presents factors which impact on industry location decisions. Appendix B presents industry executives interviewed during the course of this study. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Selective Removal of Thiophene from Liquid Fuels over Nickel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Selective Removal of Thiophene from Liquid Fuels over Nickel -Based Nanocrystalline Zinc Oxide. Author(s), Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Jewel ...

247

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page Compare Side-by-Side 4 cyl, 1.8 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gas and Electricity EPA Fuel Economy Miles per Gallon Personalize Regular Gas 50 Combined 51 City 49 Highway Elec+Reg. Gas 95 Combined 29 kw-hrs/100 miles *Miles per Gallon Equivalent - 1 gallon of gasoline=33.7 kw-hr Unofficial MPG Estimates Shared by Vehicle Owners My MPG Owner MPG Estimates are not yet available for this vehicle. How can I Share My MPG? Vehicle Specification Data EPA Size Class Additional Information Midsize Cars Drive Front-Wheel Drive Gas Guzzler no Turbocharger no Supercharger no Passenger Volume 94ft3 (Hatchback) Luggage Volume 22ft3 (Hatchback) Engine Descriptor Additional Information PHEV

248

Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy--ORNL/TM-2009/021  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

021 021 Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy February 2009 Prepared by Kevin Norman Shean Huff Brian West DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. Web site http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source. National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD 703-487-4639 Fax 703-605-6900 E-mail info@ntis.gov Web site http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange

249

Impact of Vehicle Air-Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Air- Vehicle Air- Conditioning on Fuel Economy, Tailpipe Emissions, and Electric Vehicle Range Preprint September 2000 * NREL/CP-540-28960 R. Farrington and J. Rugh To Be Presented at the Earth Technologies Forum Washington, D.C. October 31, 2000 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published

250

Engineering-economic analyses of automotive fuel economy potential in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 25 years more than 20 major studies have examined the technological potential to improve the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks in the US. The majority has used technology/cost analysis, a combination of analytical methods from the disciplines of economics and automotive engineering. In this paper the authors describe the key elements of this methodology, discuss critical issues responsible for the often widely divergent estimates produced by different studies, review the history of its use, and present results from six recent assessments. Whereas early studies tended to confine their scope to the potential of proven technology over a 10-year time period, more recent studies have focused on advanced technologies, raising questions about how best to include the likelihood of technological change. The paper concludes with recommendations for further research.

Greene, D.L.; DeCicco, J.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Testing hybrid electric vehicle emissions and fuel economy at the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From June 12--20, 1994, an engineering design competition called the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge was held in Southfield, Michigan. This collegiate-level competition, which involved 36 colleges and universities from across North America, challenged the teams to build a superior HEV. One component of this comprehensive competition was the emissions event. Special HEV testing procedures were developed for the competition to find vehicle emissions and correct for battery state-of-charge while fitting into event time constraints. Although there were some problems with a newly-developed data acquisition system, they were able to get a full profile of the best performing vehicles as well as other vehicles that represent typical levels of performance from the rest of the field. This paper will explain the novel test procedures, present the emissions and fuel economy results, and provide analysis of second-by-second data for several vehicles.

Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Proposed Revisions to Light Truck Fuel Economy Standard (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In August 2005, NHTSA published proposed reforms to the structure of CAFE standards for light trucks and increases in light truck CAFE standards for model years 2008 through 2011 [8]. Under the proposed new structure, NHTSA would establish minimum fuel economy levels for six size categories defined by the vehicle footprint (wheelbase multiplied by track width), as summarized in Table 3. For model years 2008 through 2010, the new CAFE standards would provide manufacturers the option of complying with either the standards defined for each individual footprint category or a proposed average light truck fleet standard of 22.5 miles per gallon in 2008, 23.1 miles per gallon in 2009, and 23.5 miles per gallon in 2010. All light truck manufacturers would be required to meet an overall standard based on sales within each individual footprint category after model year 2010.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Argonne TTRDC - TransForum v10n1 - Fuel Consumption vs. Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Great Debate: Fuel Consumption versus Fuel Economy Graphs for Fuel Consumption vs. Fuel Economy What is the difference between fuel consumption and fuel economy? In Europe,...

254

Comparative analysis of selected fuel cell vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vehicles powered by fuel cells operate more efficiently, more quietly, and more cleanly than internal combustion engines (ICEs). Furthermore, methanol-fueled fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) can utilize major elements of the existing fueling infrastructure of present-day liquid-fueled ICE vehicles (ICEVs). DOE has maintained an active program to stimulate the development and demonstration o fuel cell technologies in conjunction with rechargeable batteries in road vehicles. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess the availability of data on FCVs, and to develop a vehicle subsystem structure that can be used to compare both FCVs and ICEV, from a number of perspectives--environmental impacts, energy utilization, materials usage, and life cycle costs. This report focuses on methanol-fueled FCVs fueled by gasoline, methanol, and diesel fuel that are likely to be demonstratable by the year 2000. The comparative analysis presented covers four vehicles--two passenger vehicles and two urban transit buses. The passenger vehicles include an ICEV using either gasoline or methanol and an FCV using methanol. The FCV uses a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, an on-board methanol reformer, mid-term batteries, and an AC motor. The transit bus ICEV was evaluated for both diesel and methanol fuels. The transit bus FCV runs on methanol and uses a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) fuel cell, near-term batteries, a DC motor, and an on-board methanol reformer. 75 refs.

NONE

1993-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

255

Table 3.5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National Data and Regional Totals; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ","Waste"," ",," " " "," "," ","Blast"," "," ","Pulping Liquor"," ","Oils/Tars","RSE" "NAICS"," "," ","Furnace/Coke","Waste","Petroleum","or","Wood Chips,","and Waste","Row"

256

BioFacts: Fueling a stronger economy, Thermochemical conversion of biomass  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A primary mission of the US DOE is to stimulate the development, acceptance, and use of transportation fuels made from plants and wastes called biomass. Through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Doe is developing and array of biomass conversion technologies that can be easily integrated into existing fuel production and distribution systems. The variety of technology options being developed should enable individual fuel producers to select and implement the most cost-effective biomass conversion process suited to their individual needs. Current DOE biofuels research focuses on the separate and tandem uses of biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes. This overview specifically addresses NREL`s thermochemical conversion technologies, which are largely based on existing refining processes.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

AN EVALUATION OF SELECT PEM FUEL CELL SYSTEM MODELS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EVALUATING PEM FUEL CELL SYSTEM MODELS EVALUATING PEM FUEL CELL SYSTEM MODELS Kristina Haraldsson, Keith Wipke National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 1617 Cole Boulevard, MS 1633 Golden, Colorado, 80401 ABSTRACT Many proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell models have been reported in publications, and some are available commercially. This paper helps users match their modeling needs with specific fuel cell models. The paper has three parts. First, it describes the model selection criteria for choosing a fuel cell model. Second, it applies these criteria to select state- of-the-art fuel cell models available in literature and commercially. The advantages and disadvantages of commercial models are discussed. Third, the paper illustrates the process of choosing a fuel cell model with an

258

The Effect of Driving Intensity and Incomplete Charging on the Fuel Economy of a Hymotion Prius PHEV  

SciTech Connect

On-road testing was conducted on a Hymotion Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation in Phoenix, Arizona. The tests were comprised of on-road urban and highway driving during charge-depleting and charge-sustaining operation. Determining real-world effectiveness of PHEVs at reducing petroleum consumption in real world driving was the main focus of the study. Throughout testing, several factors that affect fuel consumption of PHEVs were identified. This report discusses two of these factors: driving intensity (i.e., driving aggressiveness) and battery charging completeness. These two factors are unrelated, yet both significantly impact the vehicle’s fuel economy. Driving intensity was shown to decrease fuel economy by up to half. Charging completeness, which was affected by human factors and ambient temperature conditions, also showed to have great impact on fuel economy for the Hymotion Prius. These tests were performed for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Program, is conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation.

Richard Barney Carlson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

As the world economy continues to expand the demand for petroleum based fuel increases and the price of these fuels rises  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Structural Studies of Catalytically Stabilized Industrial Hydrotreating Catalysts Myriam Perez De la Rosa 1 , Gilles Berhault 2 , Apurva Mehta 3 , Russell R. Chianelli 1 1 University of Texas at El Paso, Materials Research Technology Institute, El Paso, TX 2 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse, CNRS, Villeurbanne cedex, France 3 Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA Figure 1: MoS 2 layered structure. As the world economy continues to expand the demand for petroleum based fuel increases and the price of these fuels rises. The rising price of fuel has another consequence: refiners tend to purchase cheaper fuels of poorer quality. These poor quality fuels contain increasing amounts of sulfur and other pollutants leading to a decline

260

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic Impact in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Karplus, V.J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Fuel-Cycle Assessment of Selected Bioethanol Production Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel-Cycle Assessment of Selected Bioethanol Production Pathways in the United States ANL/ESD/06-Cycle Assessment of Selected Bioethanol Production Pathways in the United States ANL/ESD/06-7 by M. Wu, M. Wang ................................................................................ 6 2 Simplified Process Flow Diagram of Biochemical Conversion of Corn Stover to Ethanol with Steam

Argonne National Laboratory

262

Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Passenger Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Vehicles equipped with idle-stop (IS) systems are capable of engine shut down when the vehicle is stopped and rapid engine re-start for the vehicle launch. This capability reduces fuel consumption and emissions during periods when the engine is not being utilized to provide propulsion or to power accessories. IS systems are a low-cost and fast-growing technology in the industry-wide pursuit of increased vehicle efficiency, possibly becoming standard features in European vehicles in the near future. In contrast, currently there are only three non-hybrid vehicle models for sale in North America with IS systems and these models are distinctly low-volume models. As part of the United States Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, ECOtality North America has tested the real-world effect of IS systems on fuel consumption in three vehicle models imported from Europe. These vehicles were chosen to represent three types of systems: (1) spark ignition with 12-V belt alternator starter; (2) compression ignition with 12-V belt alternator starter; and (3) direct-injection spark ignition, with 12-V belt alternator starter/combustion restart. The vehicles have undergone both dynamometer and on-road testing; the test results show somewhat conflicting data. The laboratory data and the portion of the on-road data in which driving is conducted on a prescribed route with trained drivers produced significant fuel economy improvement. However, the fleet data do not corroborate improvement, even though the data show significant engine-off time. It is possible that the effects of the varying driving styles and routes in the fleet testing overshadowed the fuel economy improvements. More testing with the same driver over routes that are similar with the IS system-enabled and disabled is recommended. There is anecdotal evidence that current Environmental Protection Agency fuel economy test procedures do not capture the fuel economy gains that IS systems produce in real-world driving. The program test results provide information on the veracity of these claims.

Jeff Wishart; Matthew Shirk

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

NETL: News Release - SECA Fuel Cell Program Selects Two Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2008 9, 2008 SECA Fuel Cell Program Selects Two Projects Low-Cost Fuel Cell Systems to Address Energy Security, Climate and Water Challenges WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has selected two projects for the Department's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Program portfolio. The projects, focused on enhancing energy security through zero-emission applications, will be led by UTC Power, a United Technologies Corporation, in partnership with Delphi Corporation, and Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (U.S.) Inc. The Rolls-Royce project will include work at Ohio's Stark State College Fuel Cell Prototyping Center, which is also supported through a National Science Foundation grant. From an environmental perspective, fuel cells are one of the most attractive technologies for generating electricity. Solid oxide fuel cells operate by separating and transferring oxygen across a solid electrolyte membrane, where it reacts with a fuel - such as synthesis gas derived from coal, biofuels or natural gas - to produce steam and carbon dioxide (CO2). Condensing the steam results in a pure stream of CO2 gas; this can be readily captured for storage or other use in a central location. This feature, coupled with the well-known fact that fuel cell efficiency does not depend on high temperatures, results in near-zero emissions (e.g., NOx < 0.5ppm) at equivalent or reduced cost-of-electricity compared to today's power generation.

264

Diesel fuels from shale oil. [Review of selected research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High-boiling shale oil produced from Rocky Mountain oil shale can be reduced in molecular weight by recycle thermal cracking and by coking. Selected research on the production of diesel fuels from shale oil is reviewed. Diesel fuels of good quality have been made from cracked shale oil by acid and caustic treating. Diesel oil made by this process performed acceptably in an in-service test for powering a railroad engine in a 750-hour test. Better quality diesel fuels were made by hydrogenation of a coker distillate. Even better quality diesel fuels, suitable also for use as high-quality distillate burner fuels, have been made by hydrocracking of a crude shale oil from underground in-situ retorting experiments.

Cottingham, P.L.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

New-vehicle fuel economy continues to increase - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA ... Most manufacturers, even those that do not receive credits for qualified alternative fuel vehicles, ...

266

New Fuel Economy and Environment Label - How does a QR code work...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrids Hybrids Diesels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Frequently Asked Questions Gasoline Prices Local Prices State and Metro Area Prices National & Regional Prices Questions About...

267

Where can I find more information on improving the fuel economy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The sites below provide information on maximizing the fuel efficiency of your car. "Gas-Saving" Products: Fact or Fuelishness? (U.S. Federal Trade Commission) The...

268

New Vehicle Choice, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid TaxEconomy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid TaxEconomy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax

Martin, Elliott William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

New Vehicle Choices, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid TaxEconomy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid TaxEconomy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax

Martin, Elliot William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Table 3.5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010; 5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Blast Pulping Liquor NAICS Furnace/Coke Petroleum or Wood Chips, Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Oven Gases Waste Gas Coke Black Liquor Bark Total United States 311 Food 11 0 7 0 0 1 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 5 0 2 0 0 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 * 0 0 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing * 0 * 0 0 * 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1 0 1 0 0 0 3115 Dairy Products 1 0 1 0 0 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 4 0 4 0 0 * 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 3 0 2 0 0 1 3121 Beverages 3 0 2 0 0 1 3122 Tobacco 0 0 0 0 0 0 313 Textile Mills 0 0 0 0 0 0 314 Textile Product Mills

271

Deriving In-Use PHEV Fuel Economy Predictions from Standardized Test Cycle Results: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Explores the issue of how to apply an adjustment method to raw plug-in hybrid vehicle dynamometer test results to better estimate PHEVs' in-use fuel and electricity consumption.

Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.; Carlson, R.; Smart, J.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ris Energy Report 3 Interest in the hydrogen economy and in fuel cells has  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

directly to yield hydro- gen. Solid fuels such as coal and biomass can be gasified, followed by reforming to store in a cost-effective way smaller amounts in cars and portable devices. Possible answers

273

Trends and drivers of the performance : fuel economy tradeoff in new automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cars sold in the United States have steadily become more fuel-efficient since the 1970s, and assessments of emerging technologies demonstrate a significant potential for continued evolutionary improvements. However, historic ...

MacKenzie, Donald Warren

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Assessing Strategies for Fuel and Electricity Production in a California Hydrogen Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 30(7): 701-718.of a fossil fuel-based hydrogen infrastructure with carbonPartnering for the Global Hydrogen Future, NHA Conference,

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

New EPA Fuel Economy and Environment Label - Plug-in Hybrid Electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you compare to gasoline vehicles Kilowatt-hours per 100 miles to help you estimate fuel costs Driving Range Driving range estimates are provided for all-electric operation and...

276

Fuel Economy Videos and Information from DOE/EPA fueleconomy.gov  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This website combines information from both DOE and EPA to provide up-to-the-minute information on gas mileage, fuel costs, greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution ratings, and safety information. The site includes several video clips.

277

Texas Bi-Fuel Liquefied Petroleum Gas Pickup Study: Final Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

represent selected fuel economy data.) ...11 Figure 4. Monthly purchase prices of gasoline and LPG (Note: the price of LPG was higher in the Corpus district than...

278

Oil has played a predominant role in shaping the politics, economy, development, and foreign relations of the Middle East over the past century. Since oil fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil has played a predominant role in shaping the politics, economy, development, and foreign relations of the Middle East over the past century. Since oil fuels modern industries and societies worldwide, oil in the Middle East has become a key strategic commodity influencing international affairs

279

Emission & Power Solutions (EPS) Improving Fuel Economy and Reducing Exhaust Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developed a proprietary multi-phase process for restructuring fuel hydro- carbons that results in a cleaner warranties. Potentiometric Sensor Since the 1980s, oxygen sensors have been placed in all cars and trucks, designed to fit directly into a car's engine control unit (ECU), can replace all existing sensors in both

Jawitz, James W.

280

Effects of Air Conditioner Use on Real-World Fuel Economy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vehicle data were acquired on-road and on a chassis dynamometer to assess fuel consumption under several steady cruise conditions and at idle. Data were gathered for various air conditioner (A/C) settings and with the A/C off and the windows open. Two vehicles were used in the comparisonstudy: a 2009 Ford Explorer and a 2009 Toyota Corolla. At steady speeds between 64.4 and 112.7 kph (40 and 70 mph), both vehicles consumed more fuel with the A/C on at maximum cooling load (compressor at 100% duty cycle) than when driving with the windows down. The Explorer maintained this trend beyond 112.7 kph (70 mph), while the Corolla fuel consumption with the windows down matched that of running the A/C at 120.7 kph (75 mph), and exceeded it at 128.7 kph (80 mph). The largest incremental fuel consumption rate penalty due to air conditioner use occurred was nearly constant with a weakslight trend of increasing consumption with increasing compressor (and vehicle) speed. Lower consumption is seenobserved at idle for both vehicles, likely due to the low compressor speed at this operating point

Huff, Shean P [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Effect of Weight and Roadway Grade on the Fuel Economy of Class-8 Frieght Trucks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2006-08, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in collaboration with several industry partners, collected real-world performance and situational data for long-haul operations of Class-8 trucks from a fleet engaged in normal freight operations. Such data and information are useful to support Class-8 modeling of combination truck performance, technology evaluation efforts for energy efficiency, and to provide a means of accounting for real-world driving performance within combination truck research and analyses. The present study used the real-world information collected in that project to analyze the effects that vehicle speed and vehicle weight have on the fuel efficiency of Class-8 trucks. The analysis focused on two type of terrains, flat (roadway grades ranging from -1% to 1%) and mild uphill terrains (roadway grades ranging from 1% to 3%), which together covered more than 70% of the miles logged in the 2006-08 project (note: almost 2/3 of the distance traveled on mild uphill terrains was on terrains with 1% to 2% grades). In the flat-terrain case, the results of the study showed that for light and medium loads, fuel efficiency decreases considerably as speed increases. For medium-heavy and heavy loads (total vehicle weight larger than 65,000 lb), fuel efficiency tends to increase as the vehicle speed increases from 55 mph up to about 58-60 mph. For speeds higher than 60 mph, fuel efficiency decreases at an almost constant rate with increasing speed. At any given speed, fuel efficiency decreases and vehicle weight increases, although the relationship between fuel efficiency and vehicle weight is not linear, especially for vehicle weights above 65,000 lb. The analysis of the information collected while the vehicles were traveling on mild upslope terrains showed that the fuel efficiency of Class-8 trucks decreases abruptly with vehicle weight ranging from light loads up to medium-heavy loads. After that, increases in the vehicle weight only decrease fuel efficiency slightly. Fuel efficiency also decreases significantly with speed, but only for light and medium loads. For medium-heavy and heavy, FE is almost constant for speeds ranging from 57 to about 66 mph. For speeds higher than 66 mph, the FE decreases with speed, but at a lower rate than for light and medium loads. Statistical analyses that compared the fuel efficiencies obtained when the vehicles were traveling at 59 mph vs. those achieved when they were traveling at 65 mph or 70 mph indicated that the former were, on average, higher than the latter. This result was statistically significant at the 99.9% confidence level (note: the Type II error i.e., the probability of failing to reject the null hypothesis when the alternative hypothesis is true was 18% and 6%, respectively).

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

SHAPE SELECTIVE NANOCATALYSTS FOR DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

While gold and platinum have long been recognized for their beauty and value, researchers at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) are working on the nano-level to use these elements for creative solutions to our nation's energy and security needs. Multiinterdisciplinary teams consisting of chemists, materials scientists, physicists, computational scientists, and engineers are exploring unchartered territories with shape-selective nanocatalysts for the development of novel, cost effective and environmentally friendly energy solutions to meet global energy needs. This nanotechnology is vital, particularly as it relates to fuel cells.SRNL researchers have taken process, chemical, and materials discoveries and translated them for technological solution and deployment. The group has developed state-of-the art shape-selective core-shell-alloy-type gold-platinum nanostructures with outstanding catalytic capabilities that address many of the shortcomings of the Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC). The newly developed nanostructures not only busted the performance of the platinum catalyst, but also reduced the material cost and overall weight of the fuel cell.

Murph, S.

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

283

Selection of Isotopes and Elements for Fuel Cycle Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuel cycle system analysis simulations examine how the selection among fuel cycle options for reactors, fuel, separation, and waste management impact uranium ore utilization, waste masses and volumes, radiotoxicity, heat to geologic repositories, isotope-dependent proliferation resistance measures, and so forth. Previously, such simulations have tended to track only a few actinide and fission product isotopes, those that have been identified as important to a few criteria from the standpoint of recycled material or waste, taken as a whole. After accounting for such isotopes, the residual mass is often characterized as “fission product other” or “actinide other”. However, detailed assessment of separation and waste management options now require identification of key isotopes and residual mass for Group 1A/2A elements (Rb, Cs, Sr, Ba), inert gases (Kr, Xe), halogens (Br, I), lanthanides, transition metals, transuranic (TRU), uranium, actinide decay products. The paper explains the rationale for a list of 81 isotopes and chemical elements to better support separation and waste management assessment in dynamic system analysis models such as Verifiable Fuel Cycle Simulation (VISION)

Steven J. Piet

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Simulating Study of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition on Light-Duty Diesel Fuel Economy and Emissions Control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We utilize the Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) combined with transient engine and aftertreatment component models to simulate the impact of premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) on the fuel economy and emissions of light-duty (LD) diesel-powered conventional and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Our simulated aftertreatment train consists of a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), lean NOx trap (LNT), and catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). The results indicate that utilizing PCCI combustion significantly reduces fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions for the conventional diesel-powered vehicle with NOx and particulate emissions controls. These benefits result from a favorable engine speed-load distribution over the cycle combined with a corresponding reduction in the need to regenerate the LNT and DPF. However, the current PCCI technology appears to offer less potential benefit for diesel HEVs equipped with similar emissions controls. This is because PCCI can only be activated over a relatively small part of the drive cycle. Thus we conclude that future utilization of PCCI in diesel HEVs will require significant extension of the available speed-load range for PCCI and revision of current HEV engine management strategies before significant benefits can be realized.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Hybrid Taxis Give Fuel Economy a Lift, Clean Cities, Fleet Experiences, April 2009 (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Clean Cities helped Boston, San Antonio, and Cambridge create hybrid taxi programs. The hybrid taxis are able to achieve about twice the gas mileage of a conventional taxi while helping cut gasoline use and fuel costs. Tax credits and other incentives are helping both company owners and drivers make the switch to hybrids. Program leaders have learned some important lessons other cities can benefit from including learning a city's taxi structure, relaying benefits to drivers, and understanding the needs of owners.

Not Available

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Analysis of the capabilities of domestic auto-manufacturers to improve corporate average fuel economy (information current as of November 1985)  

SciTech Connect

Since 1978, the Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted periodic reviews of the ability of domestic automobile manufacturers to improve their corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) values. This work has allowed DOE to develop a detailed understanding of manufacturer technological capabilities and to forecast the cost, fuel economy improvement, and rate of introduction of individual technologies over a ten-year horizon. DOE uses these forecasts to fulfill its responsibilities under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), to support its forecasts of energy demand and to conduct policy analyses relevant to automobile and energy production industries. Chapters are given for the following areas: (1) review of 1985 CAFE, (2) analysis of current capabilities, (3) modifications of the Technology Cost Segment Model (TCSM), (4) review of market share forecasts, and (5) forecasts of CAFE using the TCSM.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Selected Past Financial Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis...

288

Fuel Management for Competitive Power Generation: Selected Papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuel management is increasingly recognized as a vital competitive function in an electric utility. Drawing on a recent industry conference, this report summarizes new thinking and recommendations on fuel management from electric utility fuel managers, consultants, law firms, and a coal supplier.

1997-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

289

Table N5.1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 1. Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National Data and Regional Totals; " " Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ","Waste"," ",," " " "," "," ","Blast"," "," ","Pulping Liquor"," ","Oils/Tars","RSE" "NAICS"," "," ","Furnace/Coke"," ","Petroleum","or","Wood Chips,","and Waste","Row"

290

NEW FUEL ECONOMY TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

drive Highlander Hybrid. This crossover boasts a 3.3-liter V6 gas engine and three electric motors for 270 horsepower. Mileage ratings are 27 city 25 highway. Toyota's full...

291

Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles Using Supercapacitors: Device Characteristics, Control Strategies, and Simulation Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economy Improvemen t Battery Capacity (Ah) Figure 7 FuelFuel Economy Improvemen t Battery Capacity (Ah) Figure 15Fuel Economy Improvemen t Battery Capacity (Ah) Figure 16

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Energy Economy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy is beneficial to America's economy, creating jobs and reducing our dependence on foreign oil.

293

Alloy Selection for Accident Tolerant Fuel Cladding in Commercial ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors III ... L38: A Theoretical Model of Corrosion Rate Distribution in Liquid LBE Flow Loop at ...

294

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

GTC (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 20...

295

Fuel-cycle assessment of selected bioethanol production.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large amount of corn stover is available in the U.S. corn belt for the potential production of cellulosic bioethanol when the production technology becomes commercially ready. In fact, because corn stover is already available, it could serve as a starting point for producing cellulosic ethanol as a transportation fuel to help reduce the nation's demand for petroleum oil. Using the data available on the collection and transportation of corn stover and on the production of cellulosic ethanol, we have added the corn stover-to-ethanol pathway in the GREET model, a fuel-cycle model developed at Argonne National Laboratory. We then analyzed the life-cycle energy use and emission impacts of corn stover-derived fuel ethanol for use as E85 in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs). The analysis included fertilizer manufacturing, corn farming, farming machinery manufacturing, stover collection and transportation, ethanol production, ethanol transportation, and ethanol use in light-duty vehicles (LDVs). Energy consumption of petroleum oil and fossil energy, emissions of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide [CO{sub 2}], nitrous oxide [N{sub 2}O], and methane [CH{sub 4}]), and emissions of criteria pollutants (carbon monoxide [CO], volatile organic compounds [VOCs], nitrogen oxide [NO{sub x}], sulfur oxide [SO{sub x}], and particulate matter with diameters smaller than 10 micrometers [PM{sub 10}]) during the fuel cycle were estimated. Scenarios of ethanol from corn grain, corn stover, and other cellulosic feedstocks were then compared with petroleum reformulated gasoline (RFG). Results showed that FFVs fueled with corn stover ethanol blends offer substantial energy savings (94-95%) relative to those fueled with RFG. For each Btu of corn stover ethanol produced and used, 0.09 Btu of fossil fuel is required. The cellulosic ethanol pathway avoids 86-89% of greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike the life cycle of corn grain-based ethanol, in which the ethanol plant consumes most of the fossil fuel, farming consumes most of the fossil fuel in the life cycle of corn stover-based ethanol.

Wu, M.; Wang, M.; Hong, H.; Energy Systems

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

296

Seven Projects That Will Advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Research Selected by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

That Will Advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Research That Will Advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Research Selected by DOE for Further Development Seven Projects That Will Advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Research Selected by DOE for Further Development July 27, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Seven projects that will help develop low-cost solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology for environmentally responsible central power generation from the Nation's abundant fossil energy resources have been selected for further research by the Department of Energy (DOE). The projects, managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), are valued at a total of $4,391,570, with DOE contributing $3,499,250 and the remaining cost provided by the recipients. Four of the selected projects will pursue advances in cathode performance,

297

New Vehicle Choices, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7: Change in Sales of Hybrid Vehicles Due to Federal Taxof alternative fuels and hybrid vehicles. A primary policythe federal level to hybrid vehicles. This policy, begun in

Martin, Elliot William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

New Vehicle Choice, Fuel Economy and Vehicle Incentives: An Analysis of Hybrid Tax Credits and the Gasoline Tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7: Change in Sales of Hybrid Vehicles Due to Federal Taxof alternative fuels and hybrid vehicles. A primary policythe federal level to hybrid vehicles. This policy, begun in

Martin, Elliott William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

AECL/US INERI - Development of Inert Matrix Fuels for Plutonium and Minor Actinide Management in Power Reactors -- Fuel Requirements and Down-Select Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Advanced Fuel Cycle Program and the Atomic Energy Canada Ltd (AECL) seek to develop and demonstrate the technologies needed to minimize the overall Pu and minor actinides present in the light water reactor (LWR) nuclear fuel cycles. It is proposed to reuse the Pu from LWR spent fuel both for the energy it contains and to decrease the hazard and proliferation impact resulting from storage of the Pu and minor actinides. The use of fuel compositions with a combination of U and Pu oxide (MOX) has been proposed as a way to recycle Pu and/or minor actinides in LWRs. It has also been proposed to replace the fertile U{sup 238} matrix of MOX with a fertile-free matrix (IMF) to reduce the production of Pu{sup 239} in the fuel system. It is important to demonstrate the performance of these fuels with the appropriate mixture of isotopes and determine what impact there might be from trace elements or contaminants. Previous work has already been done to look at weapons-grade (WG) Pu in the MOX configuration [1][2] and the reactor-grade (RG) Pu in a MOX configuration including small (4000 ppm additions of Neptunium). This program will add to the existing database by developing a wide variety of MOX fuel compositions along with new fuel compositions called inert-matrix fuel (IMF). The goal of this program is to determine the general fabrication and irradiation behavior of the proposed IMF fuel compositions. Successful performance of these compositions will lead to further selection and development of IMF for use in LWRs. This experiment will also test various inert matrix material compositions with and without quantities of the minor actinides Americium and Neptunium to determine feasibility of incorporation into the fuel matrices for destruction. There is interest in the U.S. and world-wide in the investigation of IMF (inert matrix fuels) for scenarios involving stabilization or burn down of plutonium in the fleet of existing commercial power reactors. IMF offer the potential advantage for more efficient destruction of plutonium and minor actinides (MA) relative to MOX fuel. Greater efficiency in plutonium reduction results in greater flexibility in managing plutonium inventories and in developing strategies for disposition of MA, as well as a potential for fuel cycle cost savings. Because fabrication of plutonium-bearing (and MA-bearing) fuel is expensive relative to UO{sub 2} in terms of both capital and production, cost benefit can be realized through a reduction in the number of plutonium-bearing elements required for a given burn rate. In addition, the choice of matrix material may be manipulated either to facilitate fuel recycling or to make plutonium recovery extremely difficult. In addition to plutonium/actinide management, an inert matrix fuel having high thermal conductivity may have operational and safety benefits; lower fuel temperatures could be used to increase operating and safety margins, uprate reactor power, or a combination of both. The CANDU reactor offers flexibility in plutonium management and MA burning by virtue of online refueling, a simple bundle design, and good neutron economy. A full core of inert matrix fuel containing either plutonium or a plutonium-actinide mix can be utilized, with plutonium destruction efficiencies greater than 90%, and high (>60%) actinide destruction efficiencies. The Advanced CANDU Reactor (ACR) could allow additional possibilities in the design of an IMF bundle, since the tighter lattice pitch and light-water coolant reduce or eliminate the need to suppress coolant void reactivity, allowing the center region of the bundle to include additional fissile material and to improve actinide burning. The ACR would provide flexibility for management of plutonium and MA from the existing LWR fleet, and would be complementary to the AFCI program in the U.S. Many of the fundamental principles concerning the use of IMF are nearly identical in LWRs and the ACR, including fuel/coolant compatibility, fuel fabrication, and fuel irradiation behavior. In addition, the U.S. and Canada both

William Carmack; Randy D. Lee; Pavel Medvedev; Mitch Meyer; Michael Todosow; Holly B. Hamilton; Juan Nino; Simon Philpot; James Tulenko

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The Sustainable Hydrogen Economy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Identifying and building a sustainable energy system is perhaps one of the most critical issues that today's society must address. Replacing our current energy carrier mix with a sustainable fuel is one of the key pieces in that system. Hydrogen as an energy carrier, primarily derived from water, can address issues of sustainability, environmental emissions and energy security. The hydrogen economy then is the production of hydrogen, its distribution and utilization as an energy carrier. A key piece of this hydrogen economy is the fuel cell. A fuel cell converts the chemical energy in a fuel into low-voltage dc electricity and when using hydrogen as the fuel, the only emission is water vapor. While the basic understanding of fuel cell technology has been known since 1839, it has only been recently that fuel cells have shown their potential as an energy conversion device for both transportation and stationary applications. This talk will introduce the sustainable hydrogen economy and address some of the issues and barriers relating to its deployment as part of a sustainable energy system.

Turner, John (NREL)

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

350 MW(t) design fuel cycle selection. Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document discusses the results of this evaluation and a recommendation to retain the graded fuel cycle in which one-half of the fuel elements are exchanged at each refueling. This recommendation is based on the better performance of the graded cycle relative to the evaluation criteria of both economics and control margin. A choice to retain the graded cycle and a power density of 5.9 MW/m{sup 3} for the upcoming conceptual design phase was deemed prudent for the following reasons: the graded cycle has significantly better economics, and essentially the same expected availability factor as the batch design, when both are evaluated against the same requirements, including water ingress; and the reduction in maximum fuel pin power peaking in the batch design compared to the graded cycle is only a few percent and gas hot streaks are not improved by changing to a batch cycle. The preliminary 2-D power distribution studies for both designs showed that maximum fuel pin power peaking, particularly near the inner reflector, was high for both designs and nearly the same in magnitude. 10 figs., 9 tabs.

Lane, R.K.; Lefler, W.; Shirley, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The Effect of Improved Fuel Economy on Vehicle Miles Traveled: Estimates Using U.S. State Panel Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

respect to new-car price are: 12 S M , PV ? mv ? 1 v 1 ? ?new vehicle prices (1987=100) (logarithm: pv ). We includevalue -0.021, and pv with value -0.221. The price of fuel is

Van Dender, Kurt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

304

Table N5.2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

305

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative...

306

Comments on the Joint Proposed Rulemaking to Establish Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards  

SciTech Connect

I appreciate the opportunity to provide comments on the joint rulemaking to establish greenhouse gas emission and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicles. My comments are directed at the choice of vehicle footprint as the attribute by which to vary fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards, in the interest of protecting vehicle occupants from death or serious injury. I have made several of these points before when commenting on previous NHTSA rulemakings regarding CAFE standards and safety. The comments today are mine alone, and do not necessarily represent the views of the US Department of Energy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, or the University of California. My comments can be summarized as follows: (1) My updated analysis of casualty risk finds that, after accounting for drivers and crash location, there is a wide range in casualty risk for vehicles with the same weight or footprint. This suggests that reducing vehicle weight or footprint will not necessarily result in increased fatalities or serious injuries. (2) Indeed, the recent safety record of crossover SUVs indicates that weight reduction in this class of vehicles resulted in a reduction in fatality risks. (3) Computer crash simulations can pinpoint the effect of specific design changes on vehicle safety; these analyses are preferable to regression analyses, which rely on historical vehicle designs, and cannot fully isolate the effect of specific design changes, such as weight reduction, on crash outcomes. (4) There is evidence that automakers planned to build more large light trucks in response to the footprint-based light truck CAFE standards. Such an increase in the number of large light trucks on the road may decrease, rather than increase, overall safety.

Wenzel, Thomas P

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

307

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

308

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

309

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

310

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

311

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

312

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

313

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

314

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

315

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

316

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

317

Parameter Selection for Department of Energy Spent Nuclear Fuel to be Used in the Yucca Mountain License Application  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the chemical, physical, and radiological parameters that were chosen to represent the U.S. Department of Energy spent nuclear fuel in the Yucca Mountain license application. It also contains the selected packaging requirements for the various fuel types and the criticality controls that were used. The data are reported for representative fuels and bounding fuels in groups of fuels that were selected for the analysis. The justification for the selection of each parameter is given. The data reported were not generated under any quality assurance program.

D. L. Fillmore

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Flying Spur (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 21 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 9 mpg city, 15 mpg...

319

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Regal (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 19 mpg city, 31 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 15 mpg city, 22...

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

GT (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 19 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 8 mpg city, 14 mpg highway...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Verano (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 21 mpg city, 32 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 15 mpg city, 23...

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Allroad Quatro (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 20 mpg city, 27 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 14 mpg city, 18...

323

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Q5 (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: Sport Utility Vehicle Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 20 mpg city, 28 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 14 mpg city, 19...

324

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Super Sport (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 19 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 8 mpg city, 14...

325

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

GTC (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 11 mpg city, 19 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 8 mpg city, 13...

326

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Regal (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 18 mpg city, 29 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 13 mpg city, 20 mpg...

327

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cadillac - ATS RWD AWD (2013) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 19 mpg city, 28 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 14 mpg...

328

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Flying Spur (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 21 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 9 mpg city, 15 mpg...

329

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mercedes-Benz - E350 (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 21 mpg city, 31 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 16 mpg...

330

Increased fuel economy in transportation systems by use of energy management. Third year's program. Final report, May 1, 1976--July 1, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A report is given of the results accomplished during the third year of a three-year research program, the overall goal of which has been to conceive and evaluate practical ways to increase automobile fuel economy by energy management within the engine-transmission-vehicle system. The third year was devoted primarily to the detailed design, construction, and preliminary evaluation of a Flywheel Energy Management Powerplant (FEMP) installed in a Pinto. The vehicle has been built to experimentally verify performance simulations and to allow the practical aspects of a real flywheel vehicle to be studied. The FEMP consists basically of an internal combustion engine, a high-speed energy-storage flywheel, and a hydrostatic power-split continuously-variable transmission (CVT) system. The flywheel drives the car, and the engine comes on to ''recharge'' it (with efficient wide-open throttle operation) only when the flywheel speed drops below a predetermined value. The concept also permits effective and efficient regenerative braking. Computer simulations have indicated an improvement in city fuel mileage of about 50%, with improvements of 100% appearing feasible with further research. Preliminary testing of the car shows favorable performance.

Beachley, N.H.; Frank, A.A.

1976-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Simulating the Impact of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition on Light-Duty Diesel Fuel Economy and Emissions of Particulates and NOx  

SciTech Connect

We utilize the Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) combined with transient engine and aftertreatment component models implemented in Matlab/Simulink to simulate the effect of premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) on the fuel economy and emissions of light-duty diesel-powered conventional and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Our simulated engine is capable of both conventional diesel combustion (CDC) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) over real transient driving cycles. Our simulated aftertreatment train consists of a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), lean NOx trap (LNT), and catalyzed diesel particulate filter (DPF). The results demonstrate that, in the simulated conventional vehicle, PCCI can significantly reduce fuel consumption and emissions by reducing the need for LNT and DPF regeneration. However, the opportunity for PCCI operation in the simulated HEV is limited because the engine typically experiences higher loads and multiple stop-start transients that are outside the allowable PCCI operating range. Thus developing ways of extending the PCCI operating range combined with improved control strategies for engine and emissions control management will be especially important for realizing the potential benefits of PCCI in HEVs.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Fuel selection study for Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. Volume 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the Fuel Selection Study for Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri were: (1) to evaluate specified sources of heating energy - electric or fuel oil, and the necessary associated conversion work for meeting the heating requirements of selected buildings at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; and (2) to determine the impact on energy usage and cost savings which would result from increasing insulation levels in the building under review. The buildings considered in this study included 2,862 family housing units, 5 Bachelor Officers' Quarters, an Enlisted Women's Barracks, the Medical Detachment Building, and the Heating Plant supporting the main Fort laundry.

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Fuel selection study for Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. Volume 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the Fuel Selection Study for Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri were: (1) to evaluate specified sources of heating energy - electric or fuel oil, and the necessary associated conversion work for meeting the heating requirements of selected buildings at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri; and (2) to determine the impact on energy usage and cost savings which would result from increasing insulation levels in the building under review. The buildings considered in this study included 2,862 family housing units, 5 Bachelor Officers' Quarters, an Enlisted Women's Barracks, the Medical Detachment Building, and the Heating Plant supporting the main Fort laundry.

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Selection and preparation of activated carbon for fuel gas storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increasing the surface acidity of active carbons can lead to an increase in capacity for hydrogen adsorption. Increasing the surface basicity can facilitate methane adsorption. The treatment of carbons is most effective when the carbon source material is selected to have a low ash content i.e., below about 3%, and where the ash consists predominantly of alkali metals alkali earth, with only minimal amounts of transition metals and silicon. The carbon is washed in water or acid and then oxidized, e.g. in a stream of oxygen and an inert gas at an elevated temperature.

Schwarz, James A. (Fayetteville, NY); Noh, Joong S. (Syracuse, NY); Agarwal, Rajiv K. (Las Vegas, NV)

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

335

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Supersports (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (gasoline): 12 mpg city, 20...

336

Selection of LEU/Th reference fuel for the HTGR-SC/C lead plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the reference fuel materials for the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) plant for steam cycle/cogeneration (SC/C). A development and testing program carried out in 1978 through 1982 led to the selection of coated fuel particles of uranium-oxycarbide (UCO) for fissile materials and thorium oxide (ThO/sub 2/) for fertiel materials. Low-enriched uranium (LEU) is the enrichment basis for the HTGR-SC/C application. While UC/sub 2/ and UO/sub 2/ would also meet the essential criteria for fissile fuel, the UCO, alternative was selected on the basis of improved performance, economics, and process conditions.

Turner, R.F.; Neylan, A.J.; Baxter, A.M.; McEachern, D.W.; Stansfield, O.M.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

AECL/U.S. INERI - Development of Inert Matrix Fuels for Plutonium and Minor Actinide Management in Power Reactors Fuel Requirements and Down-Select Report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the first milestone of the International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) U.S./Euratom Joint Proposal 1.8 entitled “Development of Inert Matrix Fuels for Plutonium and Minor Actinide Management in Light-Water Reactors.” The milestone represents the assessment and preliminary study of a variety of fuels that hold promise as transmutation and minor actinide burning fuel compositions for light-water reactors. The most promising fuels of interest to the participants on this INERI program have been selected for further study. These fuel compositions are discussed in this report.

William Carmack; Randy Fielding; Pavel Medvedev; Mitch Meyer

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Wood Residues and Wood-Related Pulping Liquor Wood Byproducts and NAICS or Biomass Agricultural Harvested Directly from Mill Paper-Related Code(a) Subsector and Industry Black Liquor Total(b) Waste(c) from Trees(d) Processing(e) Refuse(f) Total United States 311 Food 0 44 43 * * 1 311221 Wet Corn Milling 0 1 1 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 0 1 0 0 1 0 321 Wood Products 0 218 * 13 199 6 321113 Sawmills 0 100 * 5 94 1 3212 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Woods 0 95 * 6 87 2 321219 Reconstituted Wood Products 0 52 0 6 46 1 3219 Other Wood Products

339

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Jeep - Grand Cherokee 2WD AWD (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) (Flexible Fuel) Class: Sport Utility Vehicle Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 17 mpg city, 24 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex...

340

Water Transport in PEM Fuel Cells: Advanced Modeling, Material Selection, Testing, and Design Optimization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in PEM Fuel Cells: in PEM Fuel Cells: Advanced Modeling, Material Selection, Testing, and Design Optimization J. Vernon Cole and Ashok Gidwani CFDRC Prepared for: DOE Hydrogen Fuel Cell Kickoff Meeting February 13, 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information. Background Water Management Issues Arise From: ƒ Generation of water by cathodic reaction ƒ Membrane humidification requirements ƒ Capillary pressure driven transport through porous MEA and GDL materials ƒ Scaling bipolar plate channel dimensions J.H. Nam and M. Kaviany, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 46, pp. 4595-4611 (2003) Relevant Barriers and Targets ƒ Improved Gas Diffusion Layer, Flow Fields, Membrane Electrode Assemblies Needed to Improve Water Management: * Flooding blocks reactant transport

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Kinetic Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a minimalist kinetic model for economies. A system of agents with local trading rules display emergent demand behaviour. We examine the resulting wealth distribution to look for non-thermal behaviour. We compare and contrast this model with other similar models.

Abdullah, Wan Ahmad Tajuddin Wan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Selection and Properties of Alternative Forming Fluids for TRISO Fuel Kernel Production  

SciTech Connect

Current Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) designs incorporate TRi-structural ISOtropic (TRISO) fuel, which consists of a spherical fissile fuel kernel surrounded by layers of pyrolytic carbon and silicon carbide. An internal sol-gel process forms the fuel kernel using wet chemistry to produce uranium oxyhydroxide gel spheres by dropping a cold precursor solution into a hot column of trichloroethylene (TCE). Over time, gelation byproducts inhibit complete gelation, and the TCE must be purified or discarded. The resulting TCE waste stream contains both radioactive and hazardous materials and is thus considered a mixed hazardous waste. Changing the forming fluid to a non-hazardous alternative could greatly improve the economics of TRISO fuel kernel production. Selection criteria for a replacement forming fluid narrowed a list of ~10,800 chemicals to yield ten potential replacement forming fluids: 1-bromododecane, 1- bromotetradecane, 1-bromoundecane, 1-chlorooctadecane, 1-chlorotetradecane, 1-iododecane, 1-iodododecane, 1-iodohexadecane, 1-iodooctadecane, and squalane. The density, viscosity, and surface tension for each potential replacement forming fluid were measured as a function of temperature between 25 °C and 80 °C. Calculated settling velocities and heat transfer rates give an overall column height approximation. 1-bromotetradecane, 1-chlorooctadecane, and 1-iodododecane show the greatest promise as replacements, and future tests will verify their ability to form satisfactory fuel kernels.

Doug Marshall; M. Baker; J. King; B. Gorman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Comparison of selected foreign plans and practices for spent fuel and high-level waste management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the major parameters for management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive wastes in selected foreign countries as of December 1989 and compares them with those in the United States. The foreign countries included in this study are Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All the countries are planning for disposal of spent fuel and/or high-level wastes in deep geologic repositories. Most countries (except Canada and Sweden) plan to reprocess their spent fuel and vitrify the resultant high-level liquid wastes; in comparison, the US plans direct disposal of spent fuel. The US is planning to use a container for spent fuel as the primary engineered barrier. The US has the most developed repository concept and has one of the earliest scheduled repository startup dates. The repository environment presently being considered in the US is unique, being located in tuff above the water table. The US also has the most prescriptive regulations and performance requirements for the repository system and its components. 135 refs., 8 tabs.

Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Hazelton, R.F.; Bradley, D.J.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Fuel Chemistry Preprints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Papers are presented under the following symposia titles: advances in fuel cell research; biorefineries - renewable fuels and chemicals; chemistry of fuels and emerging fuel technologies; fuel processing for hydrogen production; membranes for energy and fuel applications; new progress in C1 chemistry; research challenges for the hydrogen economy, hydrogen storage; SciMix fuel chemistry; and ultraclean transportation fuels.

NONE

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

Where's the Hydrogen Economy? | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where's the Hydrogen Economy? Where's the Hydrogen Economy? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Where's the Hydrogen Economy? Agency/Company /Organization: Canada Library of Parliament Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency, Hydrogen Topics: Analysis Tools, Market Analysis Website: www2.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/2010-16-e.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/wheres-hydrogen-economy Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This paper examines the state of the Canadian hydrogen and fuel cell industry and the general state of the global hydrogen economy, along with reasons why the hydrogen economy has not, thus far, lived up to expectations. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

346

On fuel selection in controlled auto-ignition engines : the link between intake conditions, chemical kinetics, and stratification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to examine the impact fuel selection can have on the high-load limit in a stratified Compression Auto-Ignition (CAI) engine. This was accomplished by first studying the validity of the ...

Maria, Amir Gamal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

348

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Jersey Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

349

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Hampshire Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

350

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New Mexico Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

351

Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: New York Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

352

Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: North Carolina Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on AddThis.com... More in this section...

353

Car buyers and fuel economy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sales of Toyota’s Prius are reaching 100,000 units percommitment, buyers of Toyota’s Prius generally had to waittruck, and another bought a Prius rather than a compact SUV.

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Selecting the incremental use of the fuel cycle and regional reference environments  

SciTech Connect

To demonstrate the accounting framework and give some practical meaning to the concept of external costs of various stages of the fuel cycle, we will apply the approach to a limited number of case studies. These case studies will emphasize two of the major sectors for which energy sources are needed: electricity production and transportation. Because the intent here is to illustrate the approach and not to derive sweeping generalizations or comparisons, criteria and proposed selections for the two sectors were not constrained to be identical. However, applications to either sector require the resolution of a number of general issues. 1 fig.

Cantor, R.; Curlee, R.; Hillsman, E.

1990-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

355

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

LaCrosse, FWDAWD (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (gasoline): 18 mpg city, 28 mpg highway Fuel Economy (E85): 14 mpg city, 20 mpg highway Emission...

356

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Q5 AWD (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) Class: Sport Utility Vehicle Fuel Economy (gasoline): 20 mpg city, 28 mpg highway Fuel Economy (E85): 14 mpg city, 19...

357

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Allroad quattro (2014) Fuel: Flex Fuel (E85) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (gasoline): 20 mpg city, 27 mpg highway Fuel Economy (E85): 14 mpg city, 18...

358

An Economic Analysis of Select Fuel Cycles Using the Steady-State Analysis Model for Advanced Fuel Cycles Schemes (SMAFS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) is currently considering alternatives to the current U.S. once-through fuel cycle. This report evaluates the relative economics of three alternative fuel cycles to determine those cost components important to overall fuel cycle costs and total generation costs. The analysis determined that the unit cost of nuclear reactors is the most important nuclear generation cost parameter in future fuel cycles. The report also evaluates ...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

Energy Economy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adam Sieminski (202) 662-1624 April 2010 Adam Sieminski (202) 662-1624 April 2010 Energy and the Economy US EIA & JHU SAIS 2010 Energy Conference April 6, 2010 All prices are those current at the end of the previous trading session unless otherwise indicated. Prices are sourced from local exchanges via Reuters, Bloomberg and other vendors. Data is sourced from Deutsche Bank and subject companies. DISCLOSURES AND ANALYST CERTIFICATIONS ARE LOCATED IN APPENDIX 1. Adam Sieminski, CFA Chief Energy Economist adam.sieminski@db.com +1 202 662 1624 Adam Sieminski (202) 662-1624 April 2010 1 Energy Demand Simplified Population, economic growth, and energy intensity Source: Deutsche Bank Global Energy Demand = Population X Per Capita Income X Energy Demand / Dollar of Output Adam Sieminski (202) 662-1624 April 2010

360

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Q5 Hybrid (2013) Fuel: Hybrid Electric (Hybrid Electric) Class: Sport Utility Vehicle Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 24 mpg city, 30...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

3 (2013) Fuel: Hybrid Electric (Hybrid Electric) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 25 mpg city, 33...

362

Selective Catalytic Oxidation of Hydrogen Sulfide to Elemental Sulfur from Coal-Derived Fuel Gases  

SciTech Connect

The development of low cost, highly efficient, desulfurization technology with integrated sulfur recovery remains a principle barrier issue for Vision 21 integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power generation plants. In this plan, the U. S. Department of Energy will construct ultra-clean, modular, co-production IGCC power plants each with chemical products tailored to meet the demands of specific regional markets. The catalysts employed in these co-production modules, for example water-gas-shift and Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, are readily poisoned by hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S), a sulfur contaminant, present in the coal-derived fuel gases. To prevent poisoning of these catalysts, the removal of H{sub 2}S down to the parts-per-billion level is necessary. Historically, research into the purification of coal-derived fuel gases has focused on dry technologies that offer the prospect of higher combined cycle efficiencies as well as improved thermal integration with co-production modules. Primarily, these concepts rely on a highly selective process separation step to remove low concentrations of H{sub 2}S present in the fuel gases and produce a concentrated stream of sulfur bearing effluent. This effluent must then undergo further processing to be converted to its final form, usually elemental sulfur. Ultimately, desulfurization of coal-derived fuel gases may cost as much as 15% of the total fixed capital investment (Chen et al., 1992). It is, therefore, desirable to develop new technology that can accomplish H{sub 2}S separation and direct conversion to elemental sulfur more efficiently and with a lower initial fixed capital investment.

Gardner, Todd H.; Berry, David A.; Lyons, K. David; Beer, Stephen K.; Monahan, Michael J.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

363

The selective catalytic cracking of Fischer-Tropsch liquids to high value transportation fuels. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Amoco Oil Company, investigated a selective catalytic cracking process (FCC) to convert the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) gasoline and wax fractions to high value transportation fuels. The primary tasks of this contract were to (1) optimize the catalyst and process conditions of the FCC process for maximum conversion of F-T wax into reactive olefins for later production of C{sub 4}{minus}C{sub 8} ethers, and (2) use the olefin-containing light naphtha obtained from FCC processing of the F-T wax as feedstock for the synthesis of ethers. The catalytic cracking of F-T wax feedstocks gave high conversions with low activity catalysts and low process severities. HZSM-5 and beta zeolite catalysts gave higher yields of propylene, isobutylene, and isoamylenes but a lower gasoline yield than Y zeolite catalysts. Catalyst selection and process optimization will depend on product valuation. For a given catalyst and process condition, Sasol and LaPorte waxes gave similar conversions and product selectivities. The contaminant iron F-T catalyst fines in the LaPorte wax caused higher coke and hydrogen yields.

Schwartz, M.M.; Reagon, W.J.; Nicholas, J.J.; Hughes, R.D.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Overall Energy Considerations for Algae Species Comparison and Selection in Algae-to-Fuels Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The controlled growth of microalgae as a feedstock for alternative transportation fuel continues to receive much attention. Microalgae have the characteristics of rapid growth rate, high oil (lipid) content, and ability to be grown in unconventional scenarios. Algae have also been touted as beneficial for CO{sub 2} reuse, as algae can be grown using CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil-based energy generation. Moreover, algae does not compete in the food chain, lessening the 'food versus fuel' debate. Most often, it is assumed that either rapid production rate or high oii content should be the primary factor in algae selection for algae-to-fuels production systems. However, many important characteristics of algae growth and lipid production must be considered for species selection, growth condition, and scale-up. Under light limited, high density, photoautotrophic conditions, the inherent growth rate of an organism does not affect biomass productivity, carbon fixation rate, and energy fixation rate. However, the oil productivity is organism dependent, due to physiological differences in how the organisms allocate captured photons for growth and oil production and due to the differing conditions under which organisms accumulate oils. Therefore, many different factors must be considered when assessing the overall energy efficiency of fuel production for a given algae species. Two species, Chlorella vulgaris and Botryococcus braunii, are popular choices when discussing algae-to-fuels systems. Chlorella is a very robust species, often outcompeting other species in mixed-culture systems, and produces a lipid that is composed primarily of free fatty acids and glycerides. Botryococcus is regarded as a slower growing species, and the lipid that it produces is characterized by high hydrocarbon content, primarily C28-C34 botryococcenes. The difference in growth rates is often considered to be an advantage oiChlorella. However, the total energy captured by each algal species in the same photobioreactor system should be similar at light limited growth conditions based on photon flux. It is how the algae 'allocate' this energy captured that will vary: Data will be presented that shows that Botryococcus invests greater energy in oil production than Chlorella under these growth conditions. In essence, the Chlorella can grow 'fast and lean' or can be slowed to grow 'slow and fat'. The overall energy potential between the Chlorella and Botryococcus, then, becomes much more equivalent on a per-photon basis. This work will indicate an interesting relationship between two very different algae species, in terms of growth rate, lipid content and composition, and energy efficiency of the overall process. The presentation will indicate that in light-limited growth, it cannot be assumed that either rapid growth rate or lipid production rate can be used as stand-alone indicators of which species-lipid relationships will truly be more effective in algae-to-fuels scenarios.

Link, D.; Kail, B.; Curtis, W.; Tuerk,A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Light alkane conversion processes - Suprabiotic catalyst systems for selective oxidation of light alkane gases to fuel oxygenates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the work presented in this paper is to develop new, efficient catalysts for the selective transformation of the light alkanes in natural gas to alcohols for use as liquid transportation fuels, fuel precursors and chemical products. There currently exists no DIRECT one-step catalytic air-oxidation process to convert these substrates to alcohols. Such a one-step route would represent superior useful technology for the utilization of natural gas and similar refinery-derived light hydrocarbon streams. Processes for converting natural gas or its components (methane, ethane, propane, and the butanes) to alcohols for use as motor fuels, fuel additives or fuel precursors will not only add a valuable alternative to crude oil but will produce a clean-burning, high octane alternative to conventional gasoline.

Lyons, J.E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Light alkane conversion processes - Suprabiotic catalyst systems for selective oxidation of light alkane gases to fuel oxygenates.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the work presented in this paper is to develop new, efficient catalysts for the selective transformation of the light alkanes in natural gas to alcohols for use as liquid transportation fuels, fuel precursors and chemical products. There currently exists no DIRECT one-step catalytic air-oxidation process to convert these substrates to alcohols. Such a one-step route would represent superior useful technology for the utilization of natural gas and similar refinery-derived light hydrocarbon streams. Processes for converting natural gas or its components (methane, ethane, propane, and the butanes) to alcohols for use as motor fuels, fuel additives or fuel precursors will not only add a valuable alternative to crude oil but will produce a clean-burning, high octane alternative to conventional gasoline.

Lyons, J.E.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

REFORMING OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS IN A NOVEL HYDROGEN-SELECTIVE MEMBRANE-BASED FUEL PROCESSOR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We propose to develop an inorganic metal-metal composite membrane to study reforming of liquid hydrocarbons and methanol by equilibrium shift in membrane-reactor configuration, viewed as fuel processor. Based on our current understanding and experience in the Pd-ceramic composite membrane, we propose to further develop this membrane to a Pd and Pd-Ag alloy membrane on microporous stainless steel support to provide structural reliability from distortion due to thermal cycling. Because of the metal-metal composite structure, we believe that the associated end-seal problem in the Pd-ceramic composite membrane in tubular configuration would not be an issue at all. We plan to test this membrane as membrane-reactor-separator for reforming liquid hydrocarbons and methanol for simultaneous production and separation of high-purity hydrogen for PEM fuel cell applications. To improve the robustness of the membrane film and deep penetration into the pores, we have used osmotic pressure field in the electroless plating process. Using this novel method, we deposited thin Pd-film on the inside of microporous stainless steel tube and the deposited film appears to robust and defect free. Work is in progress to evaluate the hydrogen perm-selectivity of the Pd-stainless steel membrane.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

368

REFORMULATION OF COAL-DERIVED TRANSPORTATION FUELS: SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE ON METAL FOAM CATALYSTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Uses for structured catalytic supports, such as ceramic straight-channel monoliths and ceramic foams, have been established for a long time. One of the most prominent examples is the washcoated ceramic monolith as a three-way catalytic converter for gasoline-powered automobiles. A distinct alternative to the ceramic monolith is the metal foam, with potential use in fuel cell-powered automobiles. The metal foams are characterized by their pores per inch (ppi) and density ({rho}). In previous research, using 5 wt% platinum (Pt) and 0.5 wt% iron (Fe) catalysts, washcoated metal foams, 5.08 cm in length and 2.54 cm in diameter, of both varying and similar ppi and {rho} were tested for their activity (X{sub CO}) and selectivity (S{sub CO}) on a CO preferential oxidation (PROX) reaction in the presence of a H{sub 2}-rich gas stream. The variances in these metal foams' activity and selectivity were much larger than expected. Other structured supports with 5 wt% Pt, 0-1 wt% Fe weight loading were also examined. A theory for this phenomenon states that even though these structured supports have a similar nominal catalyst weight loading, only a certain percentage of the Pt/Fe catalyst is exposed on the surface as an active site for CO adsorption. We will use two techniques, pulse chemisorption and temperature programmed desorption (TPD), to characterize our structured supports. Active metal count, metal dispersion, and other calculations will help clarify the causes for the activity and selectivity variations between the supports. Results on ceramic monoliths show that a higher Fe loading yields a lower dispersion, potentially because of Fe inhibition of the Pt surface for CO adsorption. This theory is used to explain the reason for activity and selectivity differences for varying ppi and {rho} metal foams; less active and selective metal foams have a lower Fe loading, which justifies their higher metal dispersion. Data on the CO desorption temperature and average metal crystallite size for TPD are also collected.

Paul Chin; George W. Roberts; James J. Spivey

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

The Effect of Improved Fuel Economy on Vehicle Miles Traveled: Estimating the Rebound Effect Using U.S. State Data, 1966-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

respect to new-car price are: S ? M , PV = ? mv ? 1 v 1 ? ?new vehicle prices (1987=100) (logarithm: pv). P F : Priceof ( fint ) t-1 , D7479 , and pv . The price of fuel is not

Small, Kenneth A; Van Dender, Kurt

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: April 3, 2000 2: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #122: April 3, 2000 Potential Fuel Savings of Doubling Fuel Economy on

371

Biomass Fuel Characterization : Testing and Evaluating the Combustion Characteristics of Selected Biomass Fuels : Final Report May 1, 1988-July, 1989.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results show that two very important measures of combustion efficiency (gas temperature and carbon dioxide based efficiency) varied by only 5.2 and 5.4 percent respectively. This indicates that all nine different wood fuel pellet types behave very similarly under the prescribed range of operating parameters. The overall mean efficiency for all tests was 82.1 percent and the overall mean temperature was 1420 1{degree}F. Particulate (fly ash) ad combustible (in fly ash) data should the greatest variability. There was evidence of a relationship between maximum values for both particulate and combustible and the percentages of ash and chlorine in the pellet fuel. The greater the percentage of ash and chlorine (salt), the greater was the fly ash problem, also, combustion efficiency was decreased by combustible losses (unburned hydrocarbons) in the fly ash. Carbon monoxide and Oxides of Nitrogen showed the next greatest variability, but neither had data values greater than 215.0 parts per million (215.0 ppm is a very small quantity, i.e. 1 ppm = .001 grams/liter = 6.2E-5 1bm/ft{sup 3}). Visual evidence indicates that pellets fuels produced from salt laden material are corrosive, produce the largest quantities of ash, and form the only slag or clinker formations of all nine fuels. The corrosion is directly attributable to salt content (or more specifically, chloride ions and compounds formed during combustion). 45 refs., 23 figs., 19 tabs.

Bushnell, Dwight J.; Haluzok, Charles; Dadkhah-Nikoo, Abbas

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Green Economy Toolbox | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Economy Toolbox Green Economy Toolbox Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Economy Toolbox Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Sector: Climate Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Fuels & Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Transportation"Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Transportation" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., Vehicles, Water Power Phase: Create a Vision Topics: Analysis Tools, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/GET/ Cost: Free Language: English

373

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 1b. Fuel Consumption for Selected Industries,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,044 1,116 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 108 104 109 313 Textile Mills 254 205 178 314 Textile Product Mills 49 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 504 375 445 322 Paper 2,744 2,361 2,354 323 Printing and Related Support 98 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,622 3,202 3,396 325 Chemicals 3,704 3,769 3,195 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 327 348 336 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 969 1,052 1,105 331 Primary Metals 2,576 2,123 1,744 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 397

374

EIA Energy Efficiency-Table 2b. Primary Fuel Consumption for Selected  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 2b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Primary 1 Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,468 1,572 1,665 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 156 156 166 313 Textile Mills 457 375 304 314 Textile Product Mills 85 94 110 315 Apparel 84 54 27 316 Leather and Allied Products 14 11 5 321 Wood Products 647 518 619 322 Paper 3,221 2,803 2,833 323 Printing and Related Support 199 197 171 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,873 3,454 3,657 325 Chemicals 4,851 4,803 4,181 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 691 707 683 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 1,235 1,331 1,385 331 Primary Metals 3,660 3,100 2,617 332 Fabricated Metal Products 791 706 670 333 Machinery 404 341 416 334 Computer and Electronic Products

375

Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Goals > Fuels Goals > Fuels XMAT for nuclear fuels XMAT is ideally suited to explore all of the radiation processes experienced by nuclear fuels.The high energy, heavy ion accleration capability (e.g., 250 MeV U) can produce bulk damage deep in the sample, achieving neutron type depths (~10 microns), beyond the range of surface sputtering effects. The APS X-rays are well matched to the ion beams, and are able to probe individual grains at similar penetrations depths. Damage rates to 25 displacements per atom per hour (DPA/hr), and doses >2500 DPA can be achieved. MORE» Fuels in LWRs are subjected to ~1 DPA per day High burn-up fuel can experience >2000 DPA. Traditional reactor tests by neutron irradiation require 3 years in a reactor and 1 year cool down. Conventional accelerators (>1 MeV/ion) are limited to <200-400 DPAs, and

376

Lab-scale Methods to Enable the Selection of Nuclear Fuel ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors III ... from the lab bench to preliminary qualification with irradiation testing.

377

Simulated Fuel Economy and Performance of Advanced Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using In-Use Travel Profiles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As vehicle powertrain efficiency increases through electrification, consumer travel and driving behavior have significantly more influence on the potential fuel consumption of these vehicles. Therefore, it is critical to have a good understanding of in-use or 'real world' driving behavior if accurate fuel consumption estimates of electric drive vehicles are to be achieved. Regional travel surveys using Global Positioning System (GPS) equipment have been found to provide an excellent source of in-use driving profiles. In this study, a variety of vehicle powertrain options were developed and their performance was simulated over GPS-derived driving profiles for 783 vehicles operating in Texas. The results include statistical comparisons of the driving profiles versus national data sets, driving performance characteristics compared with standard drive cycles, and expected petroleum displacement benefits from the electrified vehicles given various vehicle charging scenarios.

Earleywine, M.; Gonder, J.; Markel, T.; Thornton, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Simulated Fuel Economy and Performance of Advanced Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using In-Use Travel Profiles  

SciTech Connect

As vehicle powertrain efficiency increases through electrification, consumer travel and driving behavior have significantly more influence on the potential fuel consumption of these vehicles. Therefore, it is critical to have a good understanding of in-use or 'real world' driving behavior if accurate fuel consumption estimates of electric drive vehicles are to be achieved. Regional travel surveys using Global Positioning System (GPS) equipment have been found to provide an excellent source of in-use driving profiles. In this study, a variety of vehicle powertrain options were developed and their performance was simulated over GPS-derived driving profiles for 783 vehicles operating in Texas. The results include statistical comparisons of the driving profiles versus national data sets, driving performance characteristics compared with standard drive cycles, and expected petroleum displacement benefits from the electrified vehicles given various vehicle charging scenarios.

Earleywine, M.; Gonder, J.; Markel, T.; Thornton, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Fuel Economy / Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Dist. of Columbia Laws and Incentives for Fuel Economy / Efficiency on

380

E3: Economy, Energy Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

E3: Economy, Energy, and Environment. "Our goal is to ... in 2012. Download E3: Economy, Energy, Environment. For more ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949-2010:

382

Energy and the economy: Soaring development in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Thailand's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world. Spectacular economic growth has brought a number of growing pains, energy being one of the many notables. Thailand's growth campaign has been fueled by oil, and as the economy shows little sign of slowing, energy use continues to grow. The government must balance a surging economy while scrambling to maintain sufficient energy supplies and infrastructure.

1993-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

383

On selection and operation of an international interim storage facility for spent nuclear fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disposal of post-irradiation fuel from nuclear reactors has been an issue for the nuclear industry for many years. Most countries currently have no long-term disposal strategy in place. Therefore, the concept of an ...

Burns, Joe, 1966-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Promotion Recognizing that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel will be an important part of the state's energy economy and advanced research in

385

TransForum v6n1 - Two Hydrogen Economies Needed to Address World...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in transportation for its clean, efficient propulsion of cars and light trucks using fuel cells whose only exhaust is ordinary water. A hydrogen economy that meets all our...

386

Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heavy-water-moderated, light-water-moderated and liquid-metal cooled fast breeder reactors fueled with natural or low-enriched uranium and containing thorium mixed with the uranium or in separate target channels. U-232 decays with a 69-year half-life through 1.9-year half-life Th-228 to Tl-208, which emits a 2.6 MeV gamma ray upon decay. We find that pressurized light-water-reactors fueled with LEU-thorium fuel at high burnup (70 MWd/kg) produce U-233 with U-232 contamination levels of about 0.4 percent. At this contamination level, a 5 kg sphere of U-233 would produce a gammaray dose rate of 13 and 38 rem/hr at 1 meter one and ten years after chemical purification respectively. The associated plutonium contains 7.5 percent of the undesirable heat-generating 88-year half-life isotope Pu-238. However, just as it is possible to produce weapon-grade plutonium in low-burnup fuel, it is also practical to use heavy-water reactors to produce U-233 containing only a few ppm of U-232 if the thorium is segregated in “target ” channels and discharged a few times more frequently than the natural-uranium “driver ” fuel. The dose rate from a 5-kg solid sphere of U-233 containing 5 ppm U-232 could be reduced by a further factor of 30, to about 2 mrem/hr, with a close-fitting lead sphere weighing about 100 kg. Thus the proliferation resistance of thorium fuel cycles depends very much upon how they are implemented. The original version of this manuscript was received by Science & Global Security on

Jungmin Kang A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

IMPACTT5A model : enhancements and modifications since December 1994 - with special reference to the effect of tripled-fuel-economy vehicles on fuel-cycle energy and emissions.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Version 5A of the Integrated Market Penetration and Anticipated Cost of Transportation Technologies (IMPACTT5A) model is a spreadsheet-based set of algorithms that calculates the effects of advanced-technology vehicles on baseline fuel use and emissions. Outputs of this Argonne National Laboratory-developed model include estimates of (1) energy use and emissions attributable to conventional-technology vehicles under a baseline scenario and (2) energy use and emissions attributable to advanced- and conventional-technology vehicles under an alternative market-penetration scenario. Enhancements to IMPACIT made after its initial documentation in December 1994 have enabled it to deal with a wide range of fuel and propulsion system technologies included in Argonne's GREET model in a somewhat modified three-phased approach. Vehicle stocks are still projected in the largely unchanged STOCK module. Vehicle-miles traveled, fuel use, and oil displacement by advanced-technology vehicles are projected in an updated USAGE module. Now, both modules can incorporate vehicle efficiency and fuel share profiles consistent with those of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. Finally, fuel-cycle emissions of carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, toxics, and greenhouse gases are computed in the EMISSIONS module via an interface with the GREET model that was developed specifically to perform such calculations. Because of this interface, results are now more broadly informative than were results from earlier versions of IMPACTT.

Mintz, M. M.; Saricks, C. L.

1999-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

388

Technical Approach and Results from the Fuels Pathway on an Alternative Selection Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report presents a detailed plan for conducting case studies to characterize probabilistic safety margins associated with different fuel cladding types in a way that supports a valid comparison of different fuels' performance. Recent work performed in other programs is described briefly and used to illustrate the challenges posed by characterization of margin in a probabilistic way. It is additionally pointed out that consistency of evaluation of performance across different cladding types is not easy to assure; a process for achieving the needed consistency is described.

Bob Youngblood; Curtis Smith

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

REFORMULATION OF COAL-DERIVED TRANSPORTATION FUELS: SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE ON METAL FOAM CATALYSTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrocarbon fuels must be reformed in a series of steps to provide hydrogen for use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Preferential oxidation (PROX) is one method to reduce the CO concentration to less than 10 ppm in the presence of {approx}40% H{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, and steam. This will prevent CO poisoning of the PEMFC anode. Structured supports, such as ceramic monoliths, can be used for the PROX reaction. Alternatively, metal foams offer a number of advantages over the traditional ceramic monolith.

Paul Chin; Xiaolei Sun; George W. Roberts; Amornmart Sirijarhuphan; Sourabh Pansare; James G. Goodwin Jr; Richard W. Rice; James J. Spivey

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Analysis of Fuel Cell Vehicle Hybridization and Implications for Energy Storage Devices: June 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper addresses the impact of fuel efficiency characteristics on vehicle system efficiency, fuel economy from downsizing different fuel cells, as well as the energy storage system.

Zolot, M.; Markel, T.; Pesaran, A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

WaterTransport in PEM Fuel Cells: Advanced Modeling, Material Selection, Testing and Design Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water management in Proton Exchange Membrane, PEM, Fuel Cells is challenging because of the inherent conflicts between the requirements for efficient low and high power operation. Particularly at low powers, adequate water must be supplied to sufficiently humidify the membrane or protons will not move through it adequately and resistance losses will decrease the cell efficiency. At high power density operation, more water is produced at the cathode than is necessary for membrane hydration. This excess water must be removed effectively or it will accumulate in the Gas Diffusion Layers, GDLs, between the gas channels and catalysts, blocking diffusion paths for reactants to reach the catalysts and potentially flooding the electrode. As power density of the cells is increased, the challenges arising from water management are expected to become more difficult to overcome simply due to the increased rate of liquid water generation relative to fuel cell volume. Thus, effectively addressing water management based issues is a key challenge in successful application of PEMFC systems. In this project, CFDRC and our partners used a combination of experimental characterization, controlled experimental studies of important processes governing how water moves through the fuel cell materials, and detailed models and simulations to improve understanding of water management in operating hydrogen PEM fuel cells. The characterization studies provided key data that is used as inputs to all state-of-the-art models for commercially important GDL materials. Experimental studies and microscopic scale models of how water moves through the GDLs showed that the water follows preferential paths, not branching like a river, as it moves toward the surface of the material. Experimental studies and detailed models of water and airflow in fuel cells channels demonstrated that such models can be used as an effective design tool to reduce operating pressure drop in the channels and the associated costs and weight of blowers and pumps to force air and hydrogen gas through the fuel cell. Promising improvements to materials structure and surface treatments that can potentially aid in managing the distribution and removal of liquid water were developed; and improved steady-state and freeze-thaw performance was demonstrated for a fuel cell stack under the self-humidified operating conditions that are promising for stationary power generation with reduced operating costs.

J. Vernon Cole; Abhra Roy; Ashok Damle; Hari Dahr; Sanjiv Kumar; Kunal Jain; Ned Djilai

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

392

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #372: May 16, 2005 Truck Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6, 2005 Truck Fuel Economy by Size Class to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 372: May 16, 2005 Truck Fuel Economy by Size Class on Facebook Tweet about...

393

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #4: September 23, 1996 Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 23, 1996 Fuel Economy Declines at Higher Speeds to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 4: September 23, 1996 Fuel Economy Declines at Higher Speeds...

394

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #243: November 18, 2002 Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2002 Fuel Economy Leaders for 2003 Model Year Light Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 243: November 18, 2002 Fuel Economy Leaders for 2003...

395

REFORMULATION OF COAL-DERIVED TRANSPORTATION FUELS: SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE ON METAL FOAM CATALYSTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several different catalytic reactions must be carried out in order to convert hydrocarbons (or alcohols) into hydrogen for use as a fuel for polyelectrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells. Each reaction in the fuel-processing sequence has a different set of characteristics, which influences the type of catalyst support that should be used for that particular reaction. A wide range of supports are being evaluated for the various reactions in the fuel-processing scheme, including porous and non-porous particles, ceramic and metal straight-channel monoliths, and ceramic and metal monolithic foams. These different types of support have distinctly different transport characteristics. The best choice of support for a given reaction will depend on the design constraints for the system, e.g., allowable pressure drop, and on the characteristics of the reaction for which the catalyst is being designed. Three of the most important reaction characteristics are the intrinsic reaction rate, the exothermicity/endothermicity of the reaction, and the nature of the reaction network, e.g., whether more than one reaction takes place and, in the case of multiple reactions, the configuration of the network. Isotopic transient kinetic analysis was used to study the surface intermediates. The preferential oxidation of low concentrations of carbon monoxide in the presence of high concentrations of hydrogen (PROX) is an important final step in most fuel processor designs. Data on the behavior of straight-channel monoliths and foam monolith supports will be presented to illustrate some of the factors involved in choosing a support for this reaction.

Mr. Paul Chin; Dr. Xiaolei Sun; Professor George W. Roberts; Professor James J. Spivey; Mr. Amornmart Sirijarhuphan; Dr. James G. Goodwin, Jr.; Dr. Richard W. Rice

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

Fuel and emission impacts of heavy hybrid vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hybrid powertrains for certain heavy vehicles may improve fuel economy and reduce emissions. Of particular interest are commercial vehicles, typically in Classes 3-6, that travel in urban areas. Hybrid strategies and associated energy/emissions benefits for these classes of vehicles could be significantly different from those for passenger cars. A preliminary analysis has been conducted to investigate the energy and emissions performance of Class 3 and 6 medium-duty trucks and Class 6 school buses under eight different test cycles. Three elements are associated with this analysis: (1) establish baseline fuel consumption and emission scenario's from selected, representative baseline vehicles and driving schedules; (2) identify sources of energy inefficiency from baseline technology vehicles; and (3) assess maximum and practical potentials for energy savings and emissions reductions associated with heavy vehicle hybridization under real-world driving conditions. Our analysis excludes efficiency gains associated with such other measures as vehicle weight reduction and air resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. Our research indicates that fuel economy and emission benefits of hybridization can be very sensitive to different test cycles. We conclude that, on the basis of present-day technology, the potential fuel economy gains average about 60-75% for Class 3 medium-duty trucks and 35% for Class 6 school buses. The fuel economy gains can be higher in the future, as hybrid technology continues to improve. The practical emissions reduction potentials associated with vehicle hybridization are significant as well.

An, F.; Eberhardt, J. J.; Stodolsky, F.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

397

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: International Partnership for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Economy to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: International Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the...

398

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Construction Retail Supplier Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Indiana Economic Development Corporation The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit is awarded to businesses with projects that result in net new jobs. The tax credit must be a major factor in the company's decision to move forward with the project in Indiana. The refundable tax credit is calculated as a percentage of the expected increased tax withholdings generated from the new jobs. The

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Acura - ILX (2014) Fuel: Hybrid Electric (Hybrid Electric) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 39 mpg city, 38 mpg highway Emission Certification: California PZEV, Tier 2...

400

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

system-efficiency Go system-efficiency Go Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ox6tpc Average Annual Fuel Use of Major Vehicle Categories Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1ox6tpc Comparison of fuel use, miles traveled, and fuel economy among vehicle types Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1fnxsdr Average Per-Passenger Fuel Economy of Various Travel Modes Generated_thumb20130810-31804-1fnxsdr Comparison of per-passenger fuel economy for various modes of transportation. Last update April 2013 View Graph Graph Download Data Average Annual Fuel Use of Major Vehicle Categories Class 8 Truck Transit Bus Refuse Truck Para. Shuttle Taxi Delivery Truck School Bus Police Light Truck Light-Duty Vehicle Car Motorcycle Annual Fuel Use (GGE) 11500 10063 9876.738 2695 3392 1814 1896.33375 1423.474 853.56725 528.8785 459.4805 33

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The design, selection, and application of oil-free screw compressors for fuel gas service  

SciTech Connect

Fuel gas compressors installed in cogeneration systems must be highly reliable and efficient machines. The screw compressor can usually be designed to meet most of the gas flow rates and pressure conditions generally required for such installations. To an ever-increasing degree, alternative sources are being found for the fuel gas supply, such as coke-oven gas, blast-furnace gas, flare gas, landfill gas, and synthesis gas from coal gasification or from pyrolysis. A feature of the oil-free screw compressor when such gases are being considered is the isolation of the gas compression space from the bearing and gear lubrication system by using positive shaft seals. This ensures that the process gas cannot be contaminated by the lubricating oil, and that there is not risk of loss of lubricant viscosity by gas solution in the oil. This feature enables the compressed gas to contain relatively high levels of particulate contamination without danger of ``sludge`` formation, and also permits the injection of water or liquid solvents into the compression space, to reduce the temperature rise due to the heat of compression, or to ``wash`` any particulate manner through the compressor.

Lelgemann, K.D. [MAN Gutehoffnungshuette AG, Oberhausen (Germany)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

AND THE NEW ECONOMY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The new economy of the late 1990s was an invention of the media and Wall Street, not economic scholars. As The Economist wrote in 1999, the stunning American economic growth

Jeff Madrick; Jeff Madrick; Jeff Madrick

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Down Select Report of Chemical Hydrogen Storage Materials, Catalysts, and Spent Fuel Regeneration Processes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Hydrogen Storage Program is focused on identifying and developing viable hydrogen storage systems for onboard vehicular applications. The program funds exploratory research directed at identifying new materials and concepts for storage of hydrogen having high gravimetric and volumetric capacities that have the potential to meet long term technical targets for onboard storage. Approaches currently being examined are reversible metal hydride storage materials, reversible hydrogen sorption systems, and chemical hydrogen storage systems. The latter approach concerns materials that release hydrogen in endothermic or exothermic chemical bond-breaking processes. To regenerate the spent fuels arising from hydrogen release from such materials, chemical processes must be employed. These chemical regeneration processes are envisioned to occur offboard the vehicle.

Ott, Kevin; Linehan, Sue; Lipiecki, Frank; Aardahl, Christopher L.

2008-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

404

Bioethanol: Fueling sustainable transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ethanol made from biomass, or bioethanol, can positively impact the national energy security, the economy, and the environment. Producing and using bioethanol can help alleviate some of the negative impacts of the dependence on fossil fuels.

Neufeld, S.

2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

405

Fuel Economy Guide - Model Year 1997  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

31 2.04DOHC TP TALON (4WD) . . . .L4 19 25 2.04DOHC TP M5 21 28 2.04DOHC TP FERRARI 456 . . . . . . . . . . . .L4 9 15 5.512 GP M6 10 16 5.512 GP FORD ASPIRE . . . . . . . ....

406

Fuel Economy Guide Privacy/Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protocol (IP) address of the domain from which you access the Internet (e.g., 123.456.789.012), whether yours individually or provided as a proxy by your Internet Service...

407

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ferrari FF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Highway Unofficial MPG Estimates Shared by Vehicle Owners My MPG Owner MPG Estimates are not yet available for this vehicle. How can I Share My MPG? Vehicle Specification Data...

408

Fuel Economy of the 2013 Ferrari FF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Highway Unofficial MPG Estimates Shared by Vehicle Owners My MPG Owner MPG Estimates are not yet available for this vehicle. How can I Share My MPG? Vehicle Specification Data...

409

Fuel Economy: Where the Energy Goes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and lighter-weight technologies. Hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and electric vehicles use regenerative braking to recover some braking energy that would otherwise be lost. more......

410

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and even buyers of hybrid vehicles. The interviews unfoldedarticles contended that hybrid vehicles cost $2,000 to $Our small group of hybrid vehicle buyers confessed they had

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and even buyers of hybrid vehicles. The interviews unfoldedarticles contended that hybrid vehicles cost $2,000 to $Our small group of hybrid vehicle buyers confessed they had

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Fuel Economy of the 2014 Toyota Prius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toyota Prius Search for Other Vehicles View the Mobile Version of This Page 4 cyl, 1.8 L Automatic (variable gear ratios) Regular Gasoline Compare Side-by-Side Hybrid Vehicle EPA...

413

Fuel Economy Guide Website.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

smog-forming airborne pollutants the vehicle emits compared to other vehicles. EPA SmartWay or SmartWay Elite certification is given to those vehicles with top-tier smog and...

414

What is FuelEconomy.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

smog-forming airborne pollutants the vehicle emits compared to other vehicles. EPA SmartWay or SmartWay Elite certification is given to those vehicles with top-tier smog and...

415

Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$1.85 a gallon. Crude oil prices in early 2009 were stillBut in light of fluctuating oil prices and concerns aboutwhen the inevitable rise in oil prices occurs with economic

Schipper, Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyEarly Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” Transportationof the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center and

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles: What Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Mean and WhyEarly Market for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” Transportationof the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center and

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Illinois Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program encourages companies to remain, expand, or locate in Illinois. The program provides tax credits to qualifying companies equal to the amount of state income taxes withheld from salaries for newly created jobs. A company must

419

Reforming of Liquid Hydrocarbons in a Novel Hydrogen-Selective Membrane-Based Fuel Processor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this work, asymmetric dense Pd/porous stainless steel composite membranes were fabricated by depositing palladium on the outer surface of the tubular support. The electroless plating method combined with an osmotic pressure field was used to deposit the palladium film. Surface morphology and microstructure of the composite membranes were characterized by SEM and EDX. The SEM and EDX analyses revealed strong adhesion of the plated pure palladium film on the substrate and dense coalescence of the Pd film. Membranes were further characterized by conducting permeability experiments with pure hydrogen, nitrogen, and helium gases at temperatures from 325 to 450 C and transmembrane pressure differences from 5 to 45 psi. The permeation results showed that the fabricated membranes have both high hydrogen permeability and selectivity. For example, the hydrogen permeability for a composite membrane with a 20 {micro}m Pd film was 3.02 x 10{sup -5} moles/m{sup 2}.s.Pa{sup 0.765} at 450 C. Hydrogen/nitrogen selectivity for this composite membrane was 1000 at 450 C with a transmembrane pressure difference of 14.7 psi. Steam reforming of methane is one of the most important chemical processes in hydrogen and syngas production. To investigate the usefulness of palladium-based composite membranes in membrane-reactor configuration for simultaneous production and separation of hydrogen, steam reforming of methane by equilibrium shift was studied. The steam reforming of methane using a packed-bed inert membrane tubular reactor (PBIMTR) was simulated. A two-dimensional pseudo-homogeneous reactor model with parallel flow configuration was developed for steam reforming of methane. The shell volume was taken as the feed and sweep gas was fed to the inside of the membrane tube. Radial diffusion was taken into account for concentration gradient in the radial direction due to hydrogen permeation through the membrane. With appropriate reaction rate expressions, a set of partial differential equations was derived using the continuity equation for the reaction system and then solved by finite difference method with appropriate boundary and initial conditions. An iterative scheme was used to obtain a converged solution. Membrane reactor performance was compared to that in a traditional non-membrane packed-bed reactor (PBR). Their performances were also compared with thermodynamic equilibrium values achievable in a conventional non-membrane reactor. Numerical results of the models show that the methane conversions in the PBIMTR are always higher than that in the PBR, as well as thermodynamic equilibrium conversions. For instance, at a reaction pressure of 6 atm, a temperature of 650 C, a space velocity of 900/16.0 SCCM/gm{sub cat}, a steam to methane molar feed ratio of 3.0, a sweep ratio of 0.15, the conversion in the membrane reactor is about 86.5%, while the conversion in the non-membrane reactor is about 50.8%. The corresponding equilibrium conversion is about 56.4%. The effects on the degree of conversion and hydrogen yield were analyzed for different parameters such as temperature, reactor pressure, feed and sweep flow rate, feed molar ratio, and space time. From the analysis of the model results, it is obvious that the membrane reactor operation can be optimized for conversion or yield through the choice of proper operating and design parameters. Comparisons with available literature data for both membrane and non-membrane reactors showed a good agreement.

Shamsuddin Ilias

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

Measurement of Selected Physical and Chemical Properties of Blends of Coaal-Based Jet fuel with Dodecane and Norpar-13.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this work was to investigate the impact of blending a coal-based fuel, JP-900, with two model paraffinic fuels, dodecane and Norpar-13, on… (more)

Guiadem, Sidonie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

NREL: ReFUEL Laboratory - Working with Us  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working with Us Working with Us Interaction with industrial, academic, and government partners is key to moving advanced vehicle and fuel technologies into the marketplace and the U.S. economy. The Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory is available to members of the research community interested in testing advanced fuels, prototype engines, and hybrid powertrains. There are a variety of ways to get involved with NREL's advanced vehicle and fuels research activities: Work collaboratively with NREL through one of our technology partnership agreements. We can assist you in selecting the agreement most suitable for your research project. Gain access to NREL's expertise and specialized research facilities through a work-for-others agreement. In addition, NREL's patented transportation technologies are available for

422

Comparative economics: evolution and the modern economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of primate economies. Journal of Bioeconomics,1999). Complexity and the economy. Science, 284, 107–109.evolution and the modern economy Ghabrial, A. S. , &

Vermeij, Geerat J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Open economy politics: A critical review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brain. New Political Economy. forthcoming. Zysman, J. , & D’Press. Bates, R. H. (1997). Open-economy politics:The political economy of the world coffee trade. Princeton,

Lake, David A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The political economy of labor market liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategies in the World Economy. New York: CambridgeYusof. 1993. The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity, andExpansion of the Public Economy: A Comparative Analysis. ”

Choung, Jinhee Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Money Distributions in Chaotic Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the ideal gas-like model of trading markets, where each individual is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally this model introduces different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Real economic transactions are complex but obviously non-random. Consequently, unlike this traditional model, this work implements chaotic elements in the evolution of an economic system. In particular, we use a chaotic signal that breaks the natural pairing symmetry $(i,j)\\Leftrightarrow(j,i)$ of a random gas-like model. As a result of that, it is found that a chaotic market like this can reproduce the referenced wealth distributions observed in real economies (the Gamma, Exponential and Pareto distributions).

Carmen Pellicer-Lostao; Ricardo Lopez-Ruiz

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

Is there a new economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unexpectedly strong economic performance in recent years has sparked a wide debate about the evolution of the U.S. economy with observers from academia, business, and government claiming that the 1990s mark the beginning of a unique era of economic prosperity. These “new economy ” proponents view globalization and computerization as powerful forces that are reshaping the modern economy in a

Kevin J. Stiroh

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #21: March 3, 1997 The Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3, 1997 The Fuel Savings Benefits of Increasing Fuel Economy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 21: March 3, 1997 The Fuel Savings Benefits of Increasing...

428

Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running line-haul trucks on ethanol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This bulletin describes case studies of trucks operating on ethanol fuel. Cost, maintenance and repair, as well as fuel economy are discussed.

Norton, P.; Kelly, K.J.; Marek, N.J.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Department of Energy - Energy Economy  

430

The Role of Co-firing Biomass Fuels With Coal on Deactivation of Catalyst for Selective Catalytic Reduction NOx Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of biomass fuel is considered an important option for mitigating the production of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from generating units designed to fire conventional fossil fuels. The key attraction of biomass fuels is that they are carbon neutralthe CO2 released by combustion was fixed or removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis, so its return does not provide a net carbon addition.

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

431

Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

another (and thus be a two hybrid car, one medium-duty truckhybrid and so she felt she had to settle for a conventional mid-size sedan, putting off her desired carhybrid. However, she was involved in an accident and her insurer declared her previous car

Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sectors”—for example hybrid vehicle buyers, financialthe exception is hybrid vehicles and their drivers. Onesmall sample of eight hybrid vehicle buyers. In closing, and

Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

NIST: Neutron Imaging Facility - Hydrogen Economy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen Economy. There is a current effort to transition our current hydrocarbon based economy to one based on hydrogen. ...

434

LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK B202 LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY. The ''Hydrogen Economy'' will reduce petroleum imports and greenhouse gas emissions. However, current commercial hydrogen production processes use fossil fuels and releases carbon dioxide. Hydrogen produced from nuclear energy could avoid these concerns. The authors have recently completed a three-year project for the US Department of Energy whose objective was to ''define an economically feasible concept for production of hydrogen, by nuclear means, using an advanced high-temperature nuclear reactor as the energy source''. Thermochemical water-splitting, a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen, met this objective. The goal of the first phase of this study was to evaluate thermochemical processes which offer the potential for efficient, cost-effective, large-scale production of hydrogen and to select one for further detailed consideration. The authors selected the Sulfur-Iodine cycle, In the second phase, they reviewed all the basic reactor types for suitability to provide the high temperature heat needed by the selected thermochemical water splitting cycle and chose the helium gas-cooled reactor. In the third phase they designed the chemical flowsheet for the thermochemical process and estimated the efficiency and cost of the process and the projected cost of producing hydrogen. These results are summarized in this paper.

SCHULTZ,KR; BROWN,LC; BESENBRUCH,GE; HAMILTON,CJ

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Engineering Development of Advanced Physical Fine Coal Cleaning for Premium Fuel Applications: Task 9 - Selective agglomeration Module Testing and Evaluation.  

SciTech Connect

The primary goal of this project was the engineering development of two advanced physical fine coal cleaning processes, column flotation and selective agglomeration, for premium fuel applications. The project scope included laboratory research and bench-scale testing of both processes on six coals to optimize the processes, followed by the design, construction, and operation of a 2 t/hr process development unit (PDU). The project began in October, 1992, and is scheduled for completion by September 1997. This report summarizes the findings of all the selective agglomeration (SA) test work performed with emphasis on the results of the PDU SA Module testing. Two light hydrocarbons, heptane and pentane, were tested as agglomerants in the laboratory research program which investigated two reactor design concepts: a conventional two-stage agglomeration circuit and a unitized reactor that combined the high- and low-shear operations in one vessel. The results were used to design and build a 25 lb/hr bench-scale unit with two-stage agglomeration. The unit also included a steam stripping and condensation circuit for recovery and recycle of heptane. It was tested on six coals to determine the optimum grind and other process conditions that resulted in the recovery of about 99% of the energy while producing low ash (1-2 lb/MBtu) products. The fineness of the grind was the most important variable with the D80 (80% passing size) varying in the 12 to 68 micron range. All the clean coals could be formulated into coal-water-slurry-fuels with acceptable properties. The bench-scale results were used for the conceptual and detailed design of the PDU SA Module which was integrated with the existing grinding and dewatering circuits. The PDU was operated for about 9 months. During the first three months, the shakedown testing was performed to fine tune the operation and control of various equipment. This was followed by parametric testing, optimization/confirmatory testing, and finally a 72-hour round the clock production run for each of the three project coals (Hiawatha, Taggart, and Indiana VII). The parametric testing results confirmed that the Taggart coal ground to a D80 of 30 microns could be cleaned to 1 lb ash/MBtu, whereas the Hiawatha and Indiana Vil coals had to be ground to D80s of 40 and 20 microns, respectively, to be cleaned to 2 lb ash/MBtu. The percent solids, residence time, shear intensity (impeller tip speed and energy input per unit volume), and heptane dosage were the main variables that affected successful operation (phase inversion or microagglomerate formation in the high-shear reactor and their growth to 2-3 mm in size during low shear). Downward inclination of the vibrating screen and adequate spray water helped produce the low ash products. Btu recoveries were consistently greater than 98%. Two-stage steam stripping achieved about 99% heptane recovery for recycle to the process. Residual hydrocarbon concentrations were in the 3000 to 5000 ppm range on a dry solids basis.

Moro, N.` Jha, M.C.

1997-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

437

Electricity market module: Electricity fuel dispatch submodule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In previous Annual Energy Outlooks (AEO), international electricity trade was represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Electricity Market Module (EMM) modeling framework as an exogenous input. The exception to this exogenous treatment was for firm power projections, i.e., new Canadian hydroelectric model builds. The AEO95 implementation of EMM allowed Canadian hydroelectric projects to be selected in the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) submodule on an annual basis and otherwise addressed as any other purchased power commitments. This technical memorandum addresses modifications to the Electricity Fuel Dispatch Submodule implemented in AEO96 to enhance the treatment of international electricity trade through the representation of economy imports from Canada.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

System-of-Systems Framework for the Future Hydrogen-Based Transportation Economy: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From a supply chain view, this paper traces the flow of transportation fuels through required systems and addresses the current petroleum-based economy, DOE's vision for a future hydrogen-based transportation economy, and the challenges of a massive market and infrastructure transformation.

Duffy, M.; Sandor, D.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

System-of-Systems Framework for the Future Hydrogen-Based Transportation Economy: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

From a supply chain view, this paper traces the flow of transportation fuels through required systems and addresses the current petroleum-based economy, DOE's vision for a future hydrogen-based transportation economy, and the challenges of a massive market and infrastructure transformation.

Duffy, M.; Sandor, D.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tools Tools Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... Fuel Properties Search Fuel Properties Comparison Create a custom chart comparing fuel properties and characteristics for multiple fuels. Select the fuel and properties of interest. Select Fuels Clear all All Fuels Gasoline Diesel (No. 2) Biodiesel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Electricity Ethanol Hydrogen Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Propane (LPG)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fuel economy selected" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949-2010: Year: Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase 1: Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase 2:

442

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Center to someone by E-mail Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Local Laws and Incentives There are a variety of local laws and incentives that support reducing U.S. petroleum consumption by encouraging or requiring individuals and/or public and private organizations to use alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and strategies to decrease fuel use or increase fuel economy. Local city and county governments create such laws and incentives to ensure people use

443

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Center to someone by E-mail Center to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Recent Federal Actions This list includes recent federal actions, such as Federal Register notices and rulemaking actions, agency directives or agency communications, that are all publicly available. These actions relate to alternative fuels and vehicles, fuel blends, hybrid vehicles, and idle reduction and fuel economy measures. When rulemakings are finalized, they will move to the list of

444

NAFOA Finance & Tribal Economies Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Native American Finance Officers Association (NAFOA) will host their fall conference on finance and tribal economies at the Hard Rock Hotel in San Diego, California. 

445

Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) Deep Burn Core and Fuel Analysis -- Complete Design Selection for the Pebble Bed Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deep-Burn (DB) concept focuses on the destruction of transuranic nuclides from used light water reactor fuel. These transuranic nuclides are incorporated into TRISO coated fuel particles and used in gas-cooled reactors with the aim of a fractional fuel burnup of 60 to 70% in fissions per initial metal atom (FIMA). This high performance is expected through the use of multiple recirculation passes of the fuel in pebble form without any physical or chemical changes between passes. In particular, the concept does not call for reprocessing of the fuel between passes. In principle, the DB pebble bed concept employs the same reactor designs as the presently envisioned low-enriched uranium core designs, such as the 400 MWth Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR-400). Although it has been shown in the previous Fiscal Year (2009) that a PuO2 fueled pebble bed reactor concept is viable, achieving a high fuel burnup, while remaining within safety-imposed prescribed operational limits for fuel temperature, power peaking and temperature reactivity feedback coefficients for the entire temperature range, is challenging. The presence of the isotopes 239-Pu, 240-Pu and 241-Pu that have resonances in the thermal energy range significantly modifies the neutron thermal energy spectrum as compared to a ”standard,” UO2-fueled core. Therefore, the DB pebble bed core exhibits a relatively hard neutron energy spectrum. However, regions within the pebble bed that are near the graphite reflectors experience a locally softer spectrum. This can lead to power and temperature peaking in these regions. Furthermore, a shift of the thermal energy spectrum with increasing temperature can lead to increased absorption in the resonances of the fissile Pu isotopes. This can lead to a positive temperature reactivity coefficient for the graphite moderator under certain operating conditions. The effort of this task in FY 2010 has focused on the optimization of the core to maximize the pebble discharge burnup level, while retaining its inherent safety characteristics. Using generic pebble bed reactor cores, this task will perform physics calculations to evaluate the capabilities of the pebble bed reactor to perform utilization and destruction of LWR used-fuel transuranics. The task will use established benchmarked models, and will introduce modeling advancements appropriate to the nature of the fuel considered (high TRU content and high burn-up).

B. Boer; A. M. Ougouag

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Process for the conversion of and aqueous biomass hydrolyzate into fuels or chemicals by the selective removal of fermentation inhibitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of making a fuel or chemical from a biomass hydrolyzate is provided which comprises the steps of providing a biomass hydrolyzate, adjusting the pH of the hydrolyzate, contacting a metal oxide having an affinity for guaiacyl or syringyl functional groups, or both and the hydrolyzate for a time sufficient to form an adsorption complex; removing the complex wherein a sugar fraction is provided, and converting the sugar fraction to fuels or chemicals using a microorganism.

Hames, Bonnie R. (Westminster, CO); Sluiter, Amie D. (Arvada, CO); Hayward, Tammy K. (Broomfield, CO); Nagle, Nicholas J. (Broomfield, CO)

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

447

High Temperature Reactor (HTR) Deep Burn Core and Fuel Analysis: Design Selection for the Prismatic Block Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The Deep Burn (DB) Project is a U.S. Department of Energy sponsored feasibility study of Transuranic Management using high burnup fuel in the high temperature helium cooled reactor (HTR). The DB Project consists of seven tasks: project management, core and fuel analysis, spent fuel management, fuel cycle integration, TRU fuel modeling, TRU fuel qualification, and HTR fuel recycle. In the Phase II of the Project, we conducted nuclear analysis of TRU destruction/utilization in the HTR prismatic block design (Task 2.1), deep burn fuel/TRISO microanalysis (Task 2.3), and synergy with fast reactors (Task 4.2). The Task 2.1 covers the core physics design, thermo-hydraulic CFD analysis, and the thermofluid and safety analysis (low pressure conduction cooling, LPCC) of the HTR prismatic block design. The Task 2.3 covers the analysis of the structural behavior of TRISO fuel containing TRU at very high burnup level, i.e. exceeding 50% of FIMA. The Task 4.2 includes the self-cleaning HTR based on recycle of HTR-generated TRU in the same HTR. Chapter IV contains the design and analysis results of the 600MWth DB-HTR core physics with the cycle length, the average discharged burnup, heavy metal and plutonium consumptions, radial and axial power distributions, temperature reactivity coefficients. Also, it contains the analysis results of the 450MWth DB-HTR core physics and the analysis of the decay heat of a TRU loaded DB-HTR core. The evaluation of the hot spot fuel temperature of the fuel block in the DB-HTR (Deep-Burn High Temperature Reactor) core under full operating power conditions are described in Chapter V. The investigated designs are the 600MWth and 460MWth DB-HTRs. In Chapter VI, the thermo-fluid and safety of the 600MWth DB-HTRs has been analyzed to investigate a thermal-fluid design performance at the steady state and a passive safety performance during an LPCC event. Chapter VII describes the analysis results of the TRISO fuel microanalysis of the 600MWth and 450MWth DB-HTRs. The TRISO fuel microanalysis covers the gas pressure buildup in a coated fuel particle including helium production, the thermo-mechanical behavior of a CFP, the failure probabilities of CFPs, the temperature distribution in a CPF, and the fission product (FP) transport in a CFP and a graphite. In Chapter VIII, it contains the core design and analysis of sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) with deep burn HTR reactor. It considers a synergistic combination of the DB-MHR and an SFR burner for a safe and efficient transmutation of the TRUs from LWRs. Chapter IX describes the design and analysis results of the self-cleaning (or self-recycling) HTR core. The analysis is considered zero and 5-year cooling time of the spent LWR fuels.

Francesco Venneri; Chang-Keun Jo; Jae-Man Noh; Yonghee Kim; Claudio Filippone; Jonghwa Chang; Chris Hamilton; Young-Min Kim; Ji-Su Jun; Moon-Sung Cho; Hong-Sik Lim; MIchael A. Pope; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Vincent Descotes; Brian Boer

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Hydrogen Economy  

SciTech Connect

Since the industrial revolution began in the 18th century, fossil fuels in the form of coal, oil, and natural gas have powered the technology and transportation networks that drive society. But continuing to power the world from fossil fuels threatens our energy supply and puts enormous strains on the environment. The world's demand for energy is projected to double by 2050 in response to population growth and the industrialization of developing countries. The supply of fossil fuels is limited, with restrictive shortages of oil and gas projected to occur within our lifetimes (see the article by Paul Weisz in PHYSICS TODAY, July 2004, page 47). Global oil and gas reserves are concentrated in a few regions of the world, while demand is growing everywhere; as a result, a secure supply is increasingly difficult to assure. Moreover, the use of fossil fuels puts our own health at risk through the chemical and particulate pollution it creates. Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions that are associated with global warming threaten the stability of Earth's climate.

Dresselhaus, M [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Buchanan, Michelle V [ORNL; Crabtree, George [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instantaneous Fuel Economy * Average Fuel Economy * Fuel Rate * Total Fuel Used * Total Idle Fuel Used * Current Gear * Selected Gear * Output Shaft Speed * Actual Engine -...

450

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #501: January 14, 2008 Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

class has the greatest range in fuel economy, followed by compact cars, subcompact cars and SUVs. These four vehicle classes all contain hybrid models which greatly extend...

451

Google+ Hangout Energy 101: Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Davis Policy Institute for Energy, Environment and the Economy. Eggert can talk about the future of fuel cells in transportation and accelerating the transition to cleaner, more...

452

Study Reveals Fuel Injection Timing Impact on Particle Number...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In an ongoing quest to meet ever-more-rigorous fuel economy and emissions requirements, vehicle manufacturers are increasingly turning to gasoline direct injection (GDI) coupled...

453

Future fuels from Montana  

SciTech Connect

To make America less dependent on foreign oil, Montana Governor Brain Schweitzer pushes for investment in synfuel technology. He advocates coal as the 'new fuel' for cars and believes synfuels from coal can bridge the gap between the petroleum economy of the past and the hydrogen economy of the future. He is pushing for a 'Future Fuels' project to form a public-private partnership to build 20 coal conversion, synfuel manufacturing plants. This could contribute to making the USA energy self-sufficient, more quickly than the FutureGen project, he believes.

Buchsbaum, L.

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Host galaxy morphologies of X-ray selected AGN: assessing the significance of different black hole fueling mechanisms to the accretion density of the Universe at z~1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use morphological information of X-ray selected AGN hosts to set limits on the fraction of the accretion density of the Universe at z~1 that is not likely to be associated with major mergers. Deep X-ray observations are combined with high resolution optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope in the AEGIS, GOODS North and GOODS South fields to explore the morphological breakdown of X-ray sources in the redshift interval 0.51e44 erg/s) compared to predictions for the stochastic fueling of massive black holes in disk galaxies.

Georgakakis, A; Laird, E S; Griffith, R L; Nandra, K; Lotz, J M; Pierce, C M; Cooper, M C; Newman, J A; Koekemoer, A M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The California Economy: Singing the Housing Blues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMY: SINGING THE HOUSING  BLUES Many  parts  of  the  economy  are  doing  better  than towards 2007 the entire economy is being threatened by the 

Thornberg, Christopher

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Political Economy and Natural Resource Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Political Economy, 103, 903-37. Birdsall, Nancy,Journal of Political Economy 62:124-42. Gylfason, T. ,Affect the Political Economy of Economic Growth,” Middlebury

Deacon, Robert; Mueller, Bernardo

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Pipe Insulation Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer program written in IBM basic to simplify the economic insulation thickness for an insulated pipe. Many articles have been written on this subject, from simple nomographs to a small book written in 1976 by the Federal Energy Administration, called "Economic Thickness for Industrial Insulation (ETI)." This paper is meant to fall somewhere between these extremes without sacrificing the accuracy necessary for economic considerations. Within this text, insulation is dealt with not as a material but as a method to slow heat transfer. To simplify the various mechanisms by which heat is transferred, the variable "thermal conductivity" is used. This is modeled for average insulation temperature. Another variable which has caused problems in the past is the ambient air film coefficient, or surface resistance. This program deals with this coefficient by making an initial assumption, then using an iterative process to refine the actual values before making the economic calculations. The program will use the input data to determine first of all the heat loss in BTU per hr/ft. of pipe. Using this result the lowest annual cost, therefore the most economical insulation thickness, is determined.

Schilling, R. E.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

08FFL-0020Influence of High Fuel Rail Pressure and Urea Selective Catalytic Reduction on PM Formation in an Off-Highway Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of fuel rail pressure (FRP) and urea-selective catalytic reduction (SCR) on particulate matter (PM) formation is investigated in this paper along with notes regarding the NOx and other emissions. Increasing FRP was shown to reduce the overall soot and total PM mass for four operating conditions. These conditions included two high speed conditions (2400 rpm at 540 and 270 Nm of torque) and two moderated speed conditions (1400 rpm at 488 and 325 Nm). The concentrations of CO2 and NOx increased with fuel rail pressure and this is attributed to improved fuel-air mixing. Interestingly, the level of unburned hydrocarbons remained constant (or increased slightly) with increased FRP. PM concentration was measured using an AVL smoke meter and scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS); and total PM was collected using standard gravimetric techniques. These results showed that the smoke number and particulate concentrations decrease with increasing FRP. However the decrease becomes more gradual as very high rail pressures. Additionally, the total PM decreased with increasing FRP; however, the soluble organic fraction (SOF) reaches a maximum after which it declines with higher rail pressure. The total PM was collected for the two 1400 rpm conditions downstream of the engine, diesel oxidation catalyst, and a urea-SCR catalyst. The results show that significant PM reduction occurs in the SCR catalyst even during high rates of urea dosage. Analysis of the PM indicates that residual SOF is burned up in the SCR catalyst.

Kass, Michael D [ORNL; Domingo, Norberto [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Understanding and Informing the Policy Environment: State-Level Renewable Fuels Standards  

SciTech Connect

Renewable fuels standard (RFS) policies are becoming a popular public policy mechanism for developing the market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. During the past decade, U.S. states and several countries began implementing these more market-based (less command and control) policies to support increased biofuels production and use. This paper presents an overview of current and proposed U.S. state-level policies, as well as selected electric sector policies and international fuel standard policies. Current U.S. state-level renewable fuel policies list drivers including an improved economy and environment, as well as fuel self-sufficiency. Best practices and experience from an evaluation of renewable portfolio standards (RPS) in the United States and international RFS policies can inform U.S. state-level policy by illustrating the importance of policy flexibility, binding targets, effective cost caps, and tradable permits. Understanding and building on the experiences from these previous policies can improve the policy mechanism and further develop a market for renewable fuels to meet the goals of improved economy, environment, and fuel self-sufficiency.

Brown, E.; Cory, K.; Arent, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Material Performance of Fully-Ceramic Micro-Encapsulated Fuel under Selected LWR Design Basis Scenarios: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The extension to LWRs of the use of Deep-Burn coated particle fuel envisaged for HTRs has been investigated. TRISO coated fuel particles are used in Fully-Ceramic Microencapsulated (FCM) fuel within a SiC matrix rather than the graphite of HTRs. TRISO particles are well characterized for uranium-fueled HTRs. However, operating conditions of LWRs are different from those of HTRs (temperature, neutron energy spectrum, fast fluence levels, power density). Furthermore, the time scales of transient core behavior during accidents are usually much shorter and thus more severe in LWRs. The PASTA code was updated for analysis of stresses in coated particle FCM fuel. The code extensions enable the automatic use of neutronic data (burnup, fast fluence as a function of irradiation time) obtained using the DRAGON neutronics code. An input option for automatic evaluation of temperature rise during anticipated transients was also added. A new thermal model for FCM was incorporated into the code; so-were updated correlations (for pyrocarbon coating layers) suitable to estimating dimensional changes at the high fluence levels attained in LWR DB fuel. Analyses of the FCM fuel using the updated PASTA code under nominal and accident conditions show: (1) Stress levels in SiC-coatings are low for low fission gas release (FGR) fractions of several percent, as based on data of fission gas diffusion in UO{sub 2} kernels. However, the high burnup level of LWR-DB fuel implies that the FGR fraction is more likely to be in the range of 50-100%, similar to Inert Matrix Fuels (IMFs). For this range the predicted stresses and failure fractions of the SiC coating are high for the reference particle design (500 {micro}mm kernel diameter, 100 {micro}mm buffer, 35 {micro}mm IPyC, 35 {micro}mm SiC, 40 {micro}mm OPyC). A conservative case, assuming 100% FGR, 900K fuel temperature and 705 MWd/kg (77% FIMA) fuel burnup, results in a 8.0 x 10{sup -2} failure probability. For a 'best-estimate' FGR fraction of 50% and a more modest burnup target level of 500 MWd/kg ,the failure probability drops below 2.0 x 10{sup -5}, the typical performance of TRISO fuel made under the German HTR research program. An optimization study on particle design shows improved performance if the buffer size is increased from 100 to 120 {micro}mm while reducing the OPyC layer. The presence of the latter layer does not provide much benefit at high burnup levels (and fast fluence levels). Normally the shrinkage of the OPyC would result in a beneficial compressive force on the SiC coating. However, at high fluence levels the shrinkage is expected to turn into swelling, resulting in the opposite effect. However, this situation is different when the SiC-matrix, in which the particles are embedded, is also considered: the OPyC swelling can result in a beneficial compressive force on the SiC coating since outward displacement of the OPyC outer surface is inhibited by the presence of the also-swelling SiC matrix. Taking some credit for this effect by adopting a 5 {micro}mm SiC-matrix layer, the optimized particle (100 {micro}mm buffer and 10 {micro}mm OPyC), gives a failure probability of 1.9 x 10{sup -4} for conservative conditions. During a LOCA transient, assuming core re-flood in 30 seconds, the temperature of the coated particle can be expected to be about 200K higher than nominal temperature (900K). For this event the particle failure fraction for a conservative case is 1.0 x 10{sup -2}, for the optimized particle design. For a FGR-fraction of 50% this value reduces to 6.4 x 10{sup -4}.

B. Boer; R. S. Sen; M. A. Pope; A. M. Ougouag

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Energy Economy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Economy Energy Economy Energy Economy January 6, 2014 The Clean Energy Economy in Three Charts Over the last five years, American inventors and investors have made significant progress in developing and deploying key clean energy technologies -- supported by Energy Department policies. December 3, 2013 Additional Funding & Financing Resources Want to know more about funding and financing for energy projects and businesses? Check out general resources at the Energy Department and other parts of the federal government. December 3, 2013 Funding & Financing for Energy Businesses Do you own or represent an energy business? Learn about funding and financing resources from the Energy Department and other U.S. government agencies. November 15, 2013 Energy Department Authorizes Additional Volume at Proposed Freeport LNG

462

Fuel Cells Team  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Judith Valerio at one of our 31 single-cell test stands Fuel Cell Team The FC team focus is R&D on polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells for commercial and military applications. Our program has had ongoing funding in the area of polymer electrolyte fuel cells since 1977 and has been responsible for enabling breakthroughs in the areas of thin film electrodes and air bleed for CO tolerance. For more information on the history of fuel cell research at Los Alamos, please click here. Fuel cells are an important enabling technology for the Hydrogen Economy and have the potential to revolutionize the way we power the nation and the world. The FC team is exploring the potential of fuel cells as energy-efficient, clean, and fuel-flexible alternatives that will

463

Fuel Cells Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Storage DELIVERY FUEL CELLS STORAGE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION CODES & STANDARDS SYSTEMS INTEGRATION / ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy Pat Davis 2 Fuel Cells Technical Goals & Objectives Goal : Develop and demonstrate fuel cell power system technologies for transportation, stationary, and portable applications. 3 Fuel Cells Technical Goals & Objectives Objectives * Develop a 60% efficient, durable, direct hydrogen fuel cell power system for transportation at a cost of $45/kW (including hydrogen storage) by 2010. * Develop a 45% efficient reformer-based fuel cell power system for transportation operating on clean hydrocarbon or alcohol based fuel that meets emissions standards, a start-up time of 30 seconds, and a projected manufactured cost of $45/kW by

464

INFOGRAPHIC: The Road to Fuel Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Road to Fuel Efficiency The Road to Fuel Efficiency INFOGRAPHIC: The Road to Fuel Efficiency November 27, 2012 - 11:01am Addthis This infographic takes a look at fuel economy standards and how recent improvements in these standards will benefit consumers and the U.S. economy. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. This infographic takes a look at fuel economy standards and how recent improvements in these standards will benefit consumers and the U.S. economy. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity. Sarah Gerrity Sarah Gerrity Multimedia Editor, Office of Public Affairs The Obama Administration's new national fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles will improve vehicle efficiency and save Americans money at the pump, all while reducing our dependence on foreign oil and growing

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

mpg city, 29 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 15 mpg city, 21 mpg highway Emission Certification: California LEV II, Tier 2 Bin 5 Engine: 6-cyl, 3.5L Transmission: Auto...

466

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Honda - Accord Plug-in Hybrid (2014) Fuel: Hybrid Electric (Hybrid Electric) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 36 mpg city, 39 mpg highway Engine: 4-cyl, 2.0L...

467

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Acura - ILX (2013) Fuel: Hybrid Electric (Hybrid Electric) Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy (Gasoline): 39 mpg city, 38 mpg highway Emission Certification: LEV II PZEV, Tier 2 Bin 3...

468

Impact of Policy on Fuels RD&D (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview of fuel economy and emissions policy and its relationship with fuel research, development, and deployment (RD&D). Solutions explored include biofuels and increased engine efficiency.

Gearhart, C.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

(Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 20 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 9 mpg city, 15 mpg highway Emission Certification: California LEV II, Tier 2 Bin 5 Engine: 12-cyl, 6.0L...

470

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

(Gasoline): 12 mpg city, 20 mpg highway Fuel Economy (Flex Fuel (E85)): 9 mpg city, 15 mpg highway Emission Certification: California LEV II, Tier 2 Bin 5 Engine: 12-cyl, 6.0 L...

471

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

ILX (2014) Fuel: Hybrid Electric Class: SedanWagon Fuel Economy: 39 mpg city, 38 mpg highway Emission Certification: LEV II PZEV, Tier 2 Bin 2 Engine: 1.5L I4 Transmission: ECVT...

472

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Light-Duty Vehicle Search  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Audi - Q5 Hybrid, AWD (2014) Fuel: Hybrid Electric Class: Sport Utility Vehicle Fuel Economy: 24 mpg city, 30 mpg highway Emission Certification: LEV II ULEV, Tier 2 Bin 5 Engine:...

473

Estimating the impact on fuel tax revenues from a changing light vehicle fleet with increased advanced internal combustion engine vehicles and electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advanced fuel economies in both traditional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEs) and electric vehicles (EVs) have a strong influence on transportation revenue by reducing fuel… (more)

Hall, Andrea Lynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Status and Outlook for the U.S. Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry: Impacts of Government Policies and Assessment of Future Opportunities  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry, Government Policy and Future Opportunities. Fuel cells (FCs)are considered essential future energy technologies by developed and developing economies alike. Several

475

International Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet "I am proposing $1.2 billion in research funding so that America can lead the world in developing clean, hydrogen powered automobiles" President George Bush, 2003 State of the Union Address, January 28, 2003 A growing number of countries have committed to accelerate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in order to improve their energy, environment and economic security. For example, those countries that have made commitments include: * The United States has committed $1.7 billion for the first five years of a long- term hydrogen infrastructure, fuel cells, and hybrid vehicle technologies development program. * The European Union has committed up to 2 billion Euros over five years to

476

International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Partnership Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy (IPHE) U.S. Department of Energy Why Hydrogen? It's abundant, clean, efficient, and can be derived from diverse domestic resources. . Distributed Generation Transportation Biomass Hydro Wind Solar Geothermal Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Oil With Carbon Sequestration HIGH EFFICIENCY & RELIABILITY ZERO/NEAR ZERO EMISSIONS 3 President Bush Launches the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative "Tonight I am proposing $1.2 billion in research funding .... "With a new national commitment, our scientists and engineers will overcome obstacles to taking these cars from laboratory to showroom so that the first car driven by a child born today could be powered by hydrogen, and pollution-free. President George W. Bush 2003 State of the Union Address January 28, 2003

477

Factors influencing e-government maturity in transition economies and developing countries: a longitudinal perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the influences of relevant environmental factors on E-government (E-gov) maturity in transition economies and developing countries (TEDC). Countries from Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin American and South Asia were selected ... Keywords: developing countries, e-government growth, neoclassical economic theories, transition economies

Princely Ifinedo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Survey of waste package designs for disposal of high-level waste/spent fuel in selected foreign countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a survey of the waste package strategies for seven western countries with active nuclear power programs that are pursuing disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high-level wastes in deep geologic rock formations. Information, current as of January 1989, is given on the leading waste package concepts for Belgium, Canada, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All but two of the countries surveyed (France and the UK) have developed design concepts for their repositories, but none of the countries has developed its final waste repository or package concept. Waste package concepts are under study in all the countries surveyed, except the UK. Most of the countries have not yet developed a reference concept and are considering several concepts. Most of the information presented in this report is for the current reference or leading concepts. All canisters for the wastes are cylindrical, and are made of metal (stainless steel, mild steel, titanium, or copper). The canister concepts have relatively thin walls, except those for spent fuel in Sweden and Germany. Diagrams are presented for the reference or leading concepts for canisters for the countries surveyed. The expected lifetimes of the conceptual canisters in their respective disposal environment are typically 500 to 1,000 years, with Sweden's copper canister expected to last as long as one million years. Overpack containers that would contain the canisters are being considered in some of the countries. All of the countries surveyed, except one (Germany) are currently planning to utilize a buffer material (typically bentonite) surrounding the disposal package in the repository. Most of the countries surveyed plan to limit the maximum temperature in the buffer material to about 100{degree}C. 52 refs., 9 figs.

Schneider, K.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Silviera, D.J.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Fuel-cycle costs for alternative fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares the fuel cycle cost and fresh fuel requirements for a range of nuclear reactor systems including the present day LWR without fuel recycle, an LWR modified to obtain a higher fuel burnup, an LWR using recycle uranium and plutonium fuel, an LWR using a proliferation resistant /sup 233/U-Th cycle, a heavy water reactor, a couple of HTGRs, a GCFR, and several LMFBRs. These reactor systems were selected from a set of 26 developed for the NASAP study and represent a wide range of fuel cycle requirements.

Rainey, R.H.; Burch, W.D.; Haire, M.J.; Unger, W.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z