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1

Theoretical Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and...

2

Cosmic Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Cosmic Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics...

3

Energy Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics...

4

Frontiers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers Frontiers of Discovery Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S 06 Energy Frontier 08 CDF 09 DZero 10 CMS 11 LHC Remote Operations 12 SRF Technology 12 ILC 13 Muon Collider 14 Intensity Frontier 16 NOνA 17 MINOS 18 MicroBooNE 18 MiniBooNE 19 MINERνA 20 SRF Test Accelerator 21 Project X 22 LBNE 22 Liquid Argon 23 Mu2e 24 Cosmic Frontier 26 Pierre Auger 27 Dark Energy Survey 28 DAMIC 29 CDMS 30 COUPP 31 Holometer Robert Wilson, Fermilab's founding director, introduced the first American bison, a bull and four cows, to the Fermilab site in 1969. The bison symbolize the laboratory's historic connection to the great Midwestern prairie and Fermilab's role at the frontiers of research in particle physics. Frontiers of discovery What is the nature of the universe? What are matter and

5

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...publication receipt of abstracts by Editor 30 October...overview of current research To get some feel for...water, waves, wave energy d (v) waterway engineering...water, waves, wave energy) d (v) Phil. Trans...Lond. A (2002) Research frontiers in the physical...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Research in Theoretical Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect

This document is the final report on activity supported under DOE Grant Number DE-FG02-13ER42024. The report covers the period July 15, 2013 March 31, 2014. Faculty supported by the grant during the period were Danny Marfatia (1.0 FTE) and Hume Feldman (1% FTE). The grant partly supported University of Hawaii students, David Yaylali and Keita Fukushima, who are supervised by Jason Kumar. Both students are expected to graduate with Ph.D. degrees in 2014. Yaylali will be joining the University of Arizona theory group in Fall 2014 with a 3-year postdoctoral appointment under Keith Dienes. The groups research covered topics subsumed under the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. Many theoretical results related to the Standard Model and models of new physics were published during the reporting period. The report contains brief project descriptions in Section 1. Sections 2 and 3 lists published and submitted work, respectively. Sections 4 and 5 summarize group activity including conferences, workshops and professional presentations.

Feldman, Hume A; Marfatia, Danny

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

7

New Frontiers in Solar Physics: Broadband Imaging Spectroscopy with the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the solar panel of the AASC recommended an integrated suite of instrumentation designed to meetNew Frontiers in Solar Physics: Broadband Imaging Spectroscopy with the Frequency Agile Solar and other astrophysical objects and processes. Outstanding problems in solar physics include the magnetic

8

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Elementary Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect

The elementary particle physics research program at Indiana University spans a broad range of the most interesting topics in this fundamental field, including important contributions to each of the frontiers identified in the recent report of HEPAP's Particle Physics Prioritization Panel: the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. Experimentally, we contribute to knowledge at the Energy Frontier through our work on the D0 and ATLAS collaborations. We work at the Intensity Frontier on the MINOS and NOvA experiments and participate in R&D for LBNE. We are also very active on the theoretical side of each of these areas with internationally recognized efforts in phenomenology both in and beyond the Standard Model and in lattice QCD. Finally, although not part of this grant, members of the Indiana University particle physics group have strong involvement in several astrophysics projects at the Cosmic Frontier. Our research efforts are divided into three task areas. The Task A group works on D0 and ATLAS; Task B is our theory group; and Task C contains our MINOS, NOvA, and LBNE (LArTPC) research. Each task includes contributions from faculty, senior scientists, postdocs, graduate and undergraduate students, engineers, technicians, and administrative personnel. This work was supported by DOE Grant DE-FG02-91ER40661. In the following, we describe progress made in the research of each task during the final period of the grant, from November 1, 2009 to April 30, 2013.

Evans, Harold G [Indiana University] [Indiana University; Kostelecky, V Alan [Indiana University] [Indiana University; Musser, James A [Indiana University] [Indiana University

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

9

Nuclear physics frontier at RCNP, Osaka University  

SciTech Connect

Cyclotron accelerator facility and research activities at Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, are presented. A special focus is given on several topics in nuclear physics where interesting and important experiment results relevant to the nuclear structure as well as the nuclear astrophysics have been reported.

Ong, H. J. [10-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan)

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

10

Research in Theoretical Nuclear Physics  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical study of problems relevant to the hadron physics program at Jefferson Laboratory and at other laboratories around the world.

Capstick, Simon; Robson, Don

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

11

Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports theoretical condensed matter physics with emphasis on the theory, modeling, and simulation of electronic correlations. A major thrust is nanoscale science, where links between the electronic, optical, mechanical, and magnetic properties of nanostructures

12

Theoretical High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

we provide reports from each of the six faculty supported by the Department of Energy High Energy Physics Theory grant at Columbia University. Each is followed by a bibliography of the references cited. A complete list of all of the publications in the 12/1/2010-04/30/2014 period resulting from research supported by this grant is provided in the following section. The final section lists the Ph.D. dissertations based on research supported by the grant that were submitted during this period.

Christ, Norman H.; Weinberg, Erick J.

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

13

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges - Theoretical Physics| U.S. DOE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

14

Resource Letter FNP-1: Frontiers of nuclear physics G. F. Bertscha)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resource Letter FNP-1: Frontiers of nuclear physics G. F. Bertscha) Department of Physics activities in nuclear physics and also a guide for finding useful nuclear data. The major areas included, and nuclear instrumentation. © 2004 American Association of Physics Teachers. DOI: 10.1119/1.1763174 I

Bertsch George F.

15

Game theoretic analysis of physical protection system design  

SciTech Connect

The physical protection system (PPS) of a fictional small modular reactor (SMR) facility have been modeled as a platform for a game theoretic approach to security decision analysis. To demonstrate the game theoretic approach, a rational adversary with complete knowledge of the facility has been modeled attempting a sabotage attack. The adversary adjusts his decisions in response to investments made by the defender to enhance the security measures. This can lead to a conservative physical protection system design. Since defender upgrades were limited by a budget, cost benefit analysis may be conducted upon security upgrades. One approach to cost benefit analysis is the efficient frontier, which depicts the reduction in expected consequence per incremental increase in the security budget.

Canion, B.; Schneider, E. [Nuclear and Radiation Engineering Program, University of Texas, 204 E. Dean Keeton Street, Stop C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Bickel, E.; Hadlock, C.; Morton, D. [Operations Research Program, University of Texas, 204 E. Dean Keeton Street, Stop C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Theoretical Physics continued | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

More Information More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Theoretical Physics More Information Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Though they are typically not directly involved in the planning,

17

Accelerators for Intensity Frontier Research  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel identified three frontiers for research in high energy physics, the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. In this paper, I will describe how Fermilab is configuring and upgrading the accelerator complex, prior to the development of Project X, in support of the Intensity Frontier.

Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

18

Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics  

SciTech Connect

The report is intended to identify the compelling research opportunities of high intellectual value in high energy density physics. The opportunities for discovery include the broad scope of this highly interdisciplinary field that spans a wide range of physics areas including plasma physics, laser and particle beam physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, materials science and condensed matter physics, intense radiation-matter interaction physics, fluid dynamics, and magnetohydrodynamics

Davidson, R. C.; Katsouleas, T.; Arons, J.; Baring, M.; Deeney, C.; Di Mauro, L.; Ditmire, T.; Falcone, R.; Hammer, D.; Hill, W.; Jacak, B.; Joshi, C.; Lamb, F.; Lee, R.; Logan, B. G.; Melissinos, A.; Meyerhofer, D.; Mori, W.; Murnane, M.; Remington, B.; Rosner, R.; Schneider, D.; Silvera, I.; Stone, J.; Wilde, B.; Zajc. W.

2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

19

Theoretical Nuclear Physics - Research - Cyclotron Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Nuclear Physics By addressing this elastic scattering indirect technique, we hope that more accurate measurements of elastic scattering data will provide very important...

20

Planning the Future of U.S. Particle Physics (Snowmass 2013): Chapter 2: Intensity Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These reports present the results of the 2013 Community Summer Study of the APS Division of Particles and Fields ("Snowmass 2013") on the future program of particle physics in the U.S. Chapter 2, on the Intensity Frontier, discusses the program of research with high-intensity beams and rare processes. This area includes experiments on neutrinos, proton decay, charged-lepton and quark weak interactions, atomic and nuclear probes of fundamental symmetries, and searches for new, light, weakly-interacting particles.

J. L. Hewett; H. Weerts; K. S. Babu; J. Butler; B. Casey; A. de Gouvea; R. Essig; Y. Grossman; D. Hitlin; J. Jaros; E. Kearns; K. Kumar; Z. Ligeti; Z. -T. Lu; K. Pitts; M. Ramsey-Musolf; J. Ritchie; K. Scholberg; W. Wester; G. P. Zeller

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Planning the Future of U.S. Particle Physics (Snowmass 2013): Chapter 2: Intensity Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These reports present the results of the 2013 Community Summer Study of the APS Division of Particles and Fields ("Snowmass 2013") on the future program of particle physics in the U.S. Chapter 2, on the Intensity Frontier, discusses the program of research with high-intensity beams and rare processes. This area includes experiments on neutrinos, proton decay, charged-lepton and quark weak interactions, atomic and nuclear probes of fundamental symmetries, and searches for new, light, weakly-interacting particles.

Hewett, J L; Babu, K S; Butler, J; Casey, B; de Gouvea, A; Essig, R; Grossman, Y; Hitlin, D; Jaros, J; Kearns, E; Kumar, K; Ligeti, Z; Lu, Z -T; Pitts, K; Ramsey-Musolf, M; Ritchie, J; Scholberg, K; Wester, W; Zeller, G P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Radboud University Nijmegen Theoretical High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radboud University Nijmegen Theoretical High Energy Physics Bachelor thesis The High Energy;CONTENTS CONTENTS Contents 1 Introduction and Research question 2 2 Theoretical Background 3 2.1 Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.3 High Energy Behaviour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3.1 Renormalization

van Suijlekom, Walter

23

Research in theoretical nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

The work done during the past year or so may be divided into three separate areas, low energy nuclear reactions, intermediate energy physics and nuclear structure studies. In this paper, we shall separately summarize our achievements made in these three areas.

Udagawa, Takeshi.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Cold antihydrogen: a new frontier in fundamental physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...but the production rate, at least in the...problems in modern physics that remain to be...of equal production rates. In fact, the charge...simply by letting them pass through a foil, called...potential that made them pass easily (and at high...to understand. The rate determining factor...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Logical foundation of theoretical physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the logical foundation for for Relativity Theory, Probability Theory, and for Quantum Theory. Contents is the following: 1 Introduction. 2 Classical logic. 3 Time and space. 3.1 Recorders. 3.2 Time. 3.3 Space. 3.4 Relativity. 4. Probability. 4.1 B-functions. 4.2 Independent tests. 4.3 Function of probability. 4.4 Conditional probability. 4.5 Classical probability 4.6 B-functions and classical propositional logic. 4.7 Consistency of the probability function. 4.7.1 Nonstandard numbers. 4.7.2 Model. 5. Quantum theory. 5.1 Events and the moving equations. 5.2 Rotations of the x5Ox4 system and B-bosonn. 5.3 Masses. 5.4 The one-mass states, particles and antiparticles. 5.5 The two-masses states. 5.5.1 Neutrinno. 5.5.2 Electroweak transformations. 5.6 Rotations of the Cartesian coordinates system and quarrks. 5.7 Gustatory pentads. 5.8 Two events. 5.9 The dimension of physical space. 5.10 The events-probability interpretation of Quantum Theory. 6. Conclusion.

G. A. Quznetsov

2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

Intensity Frontier: More Information | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intensity Intensity Frontier » Intensity Frontier: More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier: More Information Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Experiments at the Intensity Frontier aim to transform our understanding of

27

Theoretical Studies in Elementary Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect

This final report summarizes work at Penn State University from June 1, 1990 to April 30, 2012. The work was in theoretical elementary particle physics. Many new results in perturbative QCD, in string theory, and in related areas were obtained, with a substantial impact on the experimental program.

Collins, John C.; Roiban, Radu S

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Frontiers in Science Lectures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or Neither? The new science of epigenetics Exploring Mars: Curiosity and its laser Higgs Boson and Beyond: The quest for new laws of physics Frontiers in Science Lectures...

29

Princeton Center for Theoretical Physics The Princeton Center for Theoretical Physics is a new, University-funded  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, University-funded enterprise dedicated to exploring the frontiers of theory in the natural sciences. Its science and engineering departments across the campus, are responsible for guiding the Center. Center of the Physics Department, in the heart of the campus "science neighborhood". The Center hopes to become

30

Proton Accelerator Physics Continued| U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Frontier More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier...

31

Theoretical Fusion Research | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theory Department The fusion energy sciences mission of the Theory Department at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is to help provide the scientific foundations...

32

Energy Frontier Research Centers | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials Fluid Interface Reactions, Structure and Transport Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Energy Frontier Research Centers SHARE Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials research at ORNL is home to two Department of Energy-Office of Basic Energy Sciences' Energy Frontier Research Centers, the Fluid Interface Reaction, Structure, and Transport Center (FIRST), which focuses on understanding interfacial processes critical to electrical energy storage and catalysis, and the Center for Defect Physics, (CDP)

33

Postdoctoral Position in Theoretical Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Postdoctoral Position in Theoretical Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Indiana University The Nuclear Theory group at the Physics Department of Indiana University invites ap- plications for a postdoctoral position in the fields of Nuclear Theory and Elementary Particle Physics, broadly defined

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

34

LANL | Physics | High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

high energy physics frontiers as defined by the Department of Energy's Office of High Energy Physics. Exploring the intensity frontier On the trail of one of the greatest...

35

Muon Colliders: New Prospects for Precision Physics and the High Energy Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An overview is given of muon collider technology and of the current status of the muon collider research program. The exciting potential of muon colliders for both neutrino physics and collider physics studies is then described and illustrated using self-consistent collider parameter sets at 0.1 TeV to 100 TeV center-of-mass energies.

Bruce J. King

1999-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

36

Exploiting Third Generation Quarks for New Physics Discoveries at the Energy Frontier  

SciTech Connect

The K-State group's effort is top quark physics and searches for beyond-standard-model physics in t{anti #22;}t final states. The KSU team performed the most precise measurement of the t#22;{anti t} cross section in the lepton + jets channel, and for the first time excluded the fourth generation of the standard model in the perturbative regime.

Ivanov, Andrew G. [KSU] (ORCID:0000000292705643)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

37

Investigations in Experimental and Theoretical High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

We report on the work done under DOE grant DE-FG02-01ER41155. The experimental tasks have ongoing efforts at CERN (ATLAS), the Whipple observatory (VERITAS) and R&D work on dual readout calorimetry and neutrino-less double beta decay. The theoretical task emphasizes the weak interaction and in particular CP violation and neutrino physics. The detailed descriptions of the final report on each project are given under the appropriate task section of this report.

Krennrich, Frank [Iowa State University

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

38

Investigating Biological Matter with Theoretical Nuclear Physics Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The internal dynamics of strongly interacting systems and that of biomolecules such as proteins display several important analogies, despite the huge difference in their characteristic energy and length scales. For example, in all such systems, collective excitations, cooperative transitions and phase transitions emerge as the result of the interplay of strong correlations with quantum or thermal fluctuations. In view of such an observation, some theoretical methods initially developed in the context of theoretical nuclear physics have been adapted to investigate the dynamics of biomolecules. In this talk, we review some of our recent studies performed along this direction. In particular, we discuss how the path integral formulation of the molecular dynamics allows to overcome some of the long-standing problems and limitations which emerge when simulating the protein folding dynamics at the atomistic level of detail.

Pietro Faccioli

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

39

Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computing Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing and Facility Infrastructures Conveners: Kenneth Bloom 1 , Richard Gerber 2 1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2 National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1.1 Introduction The field of particle physics has become increasingly reliant on large-scale computing resources to address the challenges of analyzing large datasets, completing specialized computations and simulations, and allowing for wide-spread participation of large groups of researchers. For a variety of reasons, these resources have become more distributed over a large geographic area, and some resources are highly specialized computing machines. In this report for the Snowmass Computing Frontier Study, we consider several questions about distributed computing

40

Intensity-Frontier Antiproton Physics with The Antiproton Annihilation Spectrometer (TAPAS) at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab Antiproton Source is the world's most intense source of antimatter. With the Tevatron program now behind us, this unique facility can help make the case for Fermilab's continued accelerator operations. The Antiproton Source can be used for unique, dedicated antimatter studies, including medium-energy {bar p}-annihilation experiments. We propose to assemble a powerful, yet cost-effective, solenoidal magnetic spectrometer for antiproton-annihilation events, and to use it at the Fermilab Antiproton Accumulator to measure the charm production cross section, study rare hyperon decays, search for hyperon CP asymmetry, precisely measure the properties of several charmonium and nearby states, and make the first measurements of the Drell-Yan continuum in medium-energy antiproton annihilation. Should the charm production cross section be as large as some have proposed, we will also be able to measure D{sup 0}-{bar D}{sup 0} mixing with high precision and discover (or sensitively limit) charm CP violation. The observation of charm or hyperon CP violation would be evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model, with possible implications for the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the universe - the question of what happened to all the antimatter that must have been produced in the Big Bang. The experiment will be carried out by an international collaboration and will require some four years of running time. As possibly the sole hadron experiment in progress at Fermilab during that time, it will play an important role in maintaining a broad particle physics program at Fermilab and in the U.S. It will thus help us to continue attracting creative and capable young people into science and technology, and introducing them to the important technologies of accelerators, detectors, and data acquisition and analysis - key roles in society that accelerator-based particle physics has historically played.

Apollinari, Giorgio; /Fermilab; Asner, David M.; /PNL, Richland; Baldini, Wander; /INFN, Ferrara; Bartoszek, Larry; Broemmelsiek, Daniel R.; Brown, Charles N.; /Fermilab; Chakravorty, Alak; /St. Xavier U., Chicago; Colas, Paul; /Saclay; Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab; Drutskoy, Alexey; /Moscow, ITEP; Fortner, Michael; /Northern Illinois U. /Saclay /Indian Inst. Tech., Hyderabad

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A STAGED MUON-BASED FACILITY TO ENABLE INTENSITY AND ENERGY FRONTIER SCIENCE IN THE US*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STAGED MUON-BASED FACILITY TO ENABLE INTENSITY AND ENERGY FRONTIER SCIENCE IN THE US* Jean. It requires facilities at both high energy and high intensity frontiers. Neutrino oscillations are irrefutable precision flavour physics at the high intensity frontier. At the high energy frontier, a multi-TeV lepton

McDonald, Kirk

42

Frontiers in Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rover, its journey to Mars, and Curiosity's new discoveries. 2012 OctoberNovember Higgs Boson and Beyond: The quest for new laws of physics Michael L Graesser Theoretical...

43

Nucleon measurements at the precision frontier  

SciTech Connect

We comment on nucleon measurements at the precision frontier. As examples of what can be learned, we concentrate on three topics, which are parity violating scattering experiments, the proton radius puzzle, and the symbiosis between nuclear and atomic physics.

Carlson, Carl E. [Physics Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

To appear in: "Solar Variability: from Core to Outer Frontiers", Procs. 10th European Solar Physics Meeting, ESA SP series. Preprint: http://www.astro.uu.nl/rutten or http://dot.astro.uu.nl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by solar heating led him to suggest that an open tele- scope on top of an open tower placedTo appear in: "Solar Variability: from Core to Outer Frontiers", Procs. 10th European Solar Physics telescope achieving high-resolution imaging of the solar surface. The DOT combines a pioneering open design

Rutten, Rob

45

2015 Herman Feshbach Prize in Theoretical Nuclear Physics Recipient...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Links Databases Reports Nuclear Physics Related Brochures and Videos Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26Germantown Building 1000 Independence...

46

Theoretical Studies of Drift-Alfven and Energetic Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect

The research program supported by this DOE grant has been rather successful and productive in terms of both scientific investigations as well as human resources development; as demonstrated by the large number (60) of journal articles, 6 doctoral degrees, and 3 postdocs. This PI is particularly grateful to the generous support and flexible management of the DOESC-OFES Program. He has received three award/prize (APS Excellence in Plasma Physics Research Award, 2004; EPS Alfven Prize, 2008; APS Maxwell Prize, 2012) as the results of research accomplishments supported by this grant.

CHEN, L.

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

47

Telecommunications Frontier Client Installation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Telecommunications Frontier Client Installation 1. Fax the completed form to 979.847.1111. 2 Signature Date Telecommunications Office Use Only Service Due Date: Installation Cost: Billed To: Print Form

48

Environmental Frontier of Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A A Global Environmental Studies Frontier of Sustainability Science Akihisa MORI, Global Environmental Studies Satoshi KONISHI, Institute of Advanced Energy, etc Integrated Research Bld, economics, energy, architecture, meteorology and biology and so on. In this sense, this class welcomes

Takada, Shoji

49

Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Cosmic Frontier reveals the nature of dark matter and dark energy by using particles from space to explore new phenomena. Cosmic rays in the

50

Experiments at the Energy Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Frontier Energy Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Energy Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Energy Frontier directly explores the fundamental constituents and architecture of the universe. Here accelerators produce the highest-energy

51

Experiments at the Intensity Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Intensity Frontier, accessed with a combination of intense particle beams and highly sensitive detectors, offers a second, unique investigation

52

Center for Theoretical Underground Physics and Related Areas - CETUP*2013 Summer Program  

SciTech Connect

In response to an increasing interest in experiments conducted at deep underground facilities around the world, in 2010 the theory community has proposed a new initiative - a Center for Theoretical Underground Physics and Related Areas (CETUP*). The main goal of CETUP* is to bring together people with different talents and skills to address the most exciting questions in particle and nuclear physics, astrophysics, geosciences, and geomicrobiology. Scientists invited to participate in the program do not only provide theoretical support to the underground science, they also examine underlying universal questions of the 21st century including: What is dark matter?, What are the masses of neutrinos?, How have neutrinos shaped the evolution of the universe?, How were the elements from iron to uranium made?, What is the origin and thermal history of the Earth? The mission of the CETUP* is to promote an organized research in physics, astrophysics, geoscience, geomicrobiology and other fields related to the underground science via individual and collaborative research in dynamic atmosphere of intense scientific interactions. Our main goal is to bring together scientists scattered around the world, promote the deep underground science and provide a stimulating environment for creative thinking and open communication between researches of varying ages and nationalities. CETUP*2014 included 5 week long program (June 24 July 26, 2013) covering various theoretical and experimental aspects of Dark Matter, Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics. Two week long session focused on Dark Matter (June 24-July 6) was followed by two week long program on Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics (July 15-26). The VIIth International Conference on Interconnections between Particle Physics and Cosmology (PPC) was sandwiched between these sessions (July 8-13) covering the subjects of dark matter, neutrino physics, gravitational waves, collider physics and other from both theoretical end experimental aspects. PPC was initiated at Texas A&M University in 2007 and travelled to many places which include Geneva, Turin, Seoul (S. Korea) etc. during the last 5 years before coming back to USA. The objectives of CETUP* and PPC were to analyze the connection between dark matter and particle physics models, discuss the connections among dark matter, grand unification models and recent neutrino results and predictions for possible experiments, develop a theoretical understanding of the three-neutrino oscillation parameters, provide a stimulating venue for exchange of scientific ideas among experts in neutrino physics and unification, connect with venues for public education outreach to communicate the importance of dark matter, neutrino research, and support of investment in science education, support mission of the Snowmass meeting and allow for extensive discussions of the ideas crucial for the future of high energy physics. The selected subjects represented the forefront of research topics in particle and nuclear physics, for example: recent precise measurements of all the neutrino mixing angles (that necessitate a theoretical roadmap for future experiments) or understanding of the nature of dark matter (that allows us to comprehend the composition of the cosmos better). All the covered topics are considered as a base for new physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics.

Szczerbinska, Barbara

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Research in theoretical elementary particle physics at the University of Florida: Task A. Annual progress report  

SciTech Connect

This is the Annual Progress Report of the theoretical particle theory group at the University of Florida under DOE Grant DE-FG05-86ER40272. At present our group consists of four Full Professors (Field, Ramond, Thorn, Sikivie), one Associate Professor (Woodard), and two Assistant Professors (Qiu, Kennedy). In addition, we have four postdoctoral research associates and seven graduate students. The research of our group covers a broad range of topics in theoretical high energy physics including both theory and phenomenology. Included in this report is a summary of the last several years, an outline of our current research program.

Field, R.D.; Ramond, P.M.; Sikivie, P.; Thorn, C.B.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Muon Colliders: The Next Frontier  

SciTech Connect

Muon Colliders provide a path to the energy frontier in particle physics but have been regarded to be "at least 20 years away" for 20 years. I will review recent progress in design studies and hardware R&D and show that a Muon Collider can be established as a real option for the post-LHC era if the current vigorous R&D effort revitalized by the Muon Collider Task Force at Fermilab can be supported to its conclusion. All critical technologies are being addressed and no show-stoppers have emerged. Detector backgrounds have been studied in detail and appear to be manageable and the physics can be done with existing detector technology. A muon facility can be built through a staged scenario starting from a low-energy muon source with unprecedented intensity for exquisite reach for rare processes, followed by a Neutrino Factory with ultrapure neutrino beams with unparalleled sensitivity for disentangling neutrino mixing, leading to an energy frontier Muon Collider with excellent energy resolution.

Yagmur Tourun

2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

55

Muon Colliders: The Next Frontier  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Muon Colliders provide a path to the energy frontier in particle physics but have been regarded to be "at least 20 years away" for 20 years. I will review recent progress in design studies and hardware R&D and show that a Muon Collider can be established as a real option for the post-LHC era if the current vigorous R&D effort revitalized by the Muon Collider Task Force at Fermilab can be supported to its conclusion. All critical technologies are being addressed and no show-stoppers have emerged. Detector backgrounds have been studied in detail and appear to be manageable and the physics can be done with existing detector technology. A muon facility can be built through a staged scenario starting from a low-energy muon source with unprecedented intensity for exquisite reach for rare processes, followed by a Neutrino Factory with ultrapure neutrino beams with unparalleled sensitivity for disentangling neutrino mixing, leading to an energy frontier Muon Collider with excellent energy resolution.

Yagmur Tourun

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

56

Frontiers of Particle Beam Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the use of a plasma. Tailoring the focus system, so asto focus attention upon the possibility of using a plasma as

Sessler, Andrew M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Physics Print Because a large proportion of ALS experiments are "physics" experiments, it's useful to separate them into two categories - one focused on Materials/Condensed Matter, and this one, with a dual focus on AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical) physics and accelerator physics. Light sources such as the ALS have opened up research frontiers that may hold the answers to fundamental questions about structure and dynamics in AMO physics. The advanced spectroscopies that have been developed here provide the ability to control and probe atomic and molecular processes with unprecedented precision. In particular, the spectral resolution, brightness, broad tunability, and polarization control generate novel avenues for the study of tailored states, inner-shell processes, and nonperturbative electron interactions. Driven by the high brightness of the ALS, a whole new world of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray physics has emerged through the development of combined techniques to excite, select, and probe atoms, molecules, and clusters.

58

Theoretical Physics IV -SS 2007 -R. Flume to hand in April 24th -30th, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Physics IV - SS 2007 - R. Flume Exercise I to hand in April 24th - 30th, 2007 potential of the i-th component as µi ( U Ni )S,V,N1,..,cNi,..,Nr . The equations of state are T = T(S, VAU/N . What is the corresponding fundamental equation? Hint: To integrate, let s = Dun vm e-Au where D, n

Buse, Karsten

59

Research | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Experimental Fusion Research Theoretical Fusion Research Basic Plasma Science Plasma Astrophysics Other Physics and Engineering Research PPPL Technical Reports Education Organization Contact Us Overview Experimental Fusion Research Theoretical Fusion Research Basic Plasma Science Plasma Astrophysics Other Physics and Engineering Research PPPL Technical Reports Research The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is dedicated to developing fusion as a clean and abundant source of energy and to advancing the frontiers of plasma science. The Laboratory pursues these goals through experiments and computer simulations of the behavior of plasma, the hot electrically charged gas that fuels fusion reactions and has a wide range of practical applications.

60

Heavy Quark and Neutrino Physics Final Report 2011 2014  

SciTech Connect

This final closeout report covers research supported by the ``Heavy Quark and Neutrino Physics'' grant at Kansas State University during the grant's last renewal period, November 1, 2011, through April 30, 2014. The report begins with an overview of the group, its goals and activities, and personnel. Then summaries are given of achievements in each of the three frontiers: Energy Frontier research in the D0 and CMS experiments; Intensity Frontier research in the Double Chooz and ArgoNeuT experiments as well as research and development for MicroBooNE and LBNE; and Cosmic Frontier and Theoretical research. The report concludes with a list of publications supported by this grant in which our group made a significant contribution during the reporting period, followed by a list of students partially or fully supported by the grant who were awarded a PhD during this period.

Horton-Smith, Glenn A. [Kansas State University] (ORCID:0000000196779167); Bolton, Timothy [Kansas State University; Ivanov, Andrew [Kansas State University; Maravin, Yurii [Kansas State University; Ratra, Bharat [Kansas State University

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through superconductivity Dean Peterson discusses the science of high-temperature superconductivity in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures. June 12, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

62

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Print Physics Print Because a large proportion of ALS experiments are "physics" experiments, it's useful to separate them into two categories - one focused on Materials/Condensed Matter, and this one, with a dual focus on AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical) physics and accelerator physics. Light sources such as the ALS have opened up research frontiers that may hold the answers to fundamental questions about structure and dynamics in AMO physics. The advanced spectroscopies that have been developed here provide the ability to control and probe atomic and molecular processes with unprecedented precision. In particular, the spectral resolution, brightness, broad tunability, and polarization control generate novel avenues for the study of tailored states, inner-shell processes, and nonperturbative electron interactions. Driven by the high brightness of the ALS, a whole new world of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray physics has emerged through the development of combined techniques to excite, select, and probe atoms, molecules, and clusters.

63

Task A: Research in theoretical elementary particle physics at the University of Florida; Annual progress report  

SciTech Connect

This is the Annual Progress Report of the theoretical particle theory group at the University of Florida under DoE Grant DE-FG05-86ER40272. At present our group consists of four Full Professors (Field, Ramond, Thorn, Sikivie) and three Assistant Professors (Qiu, Woodard, Kennedy). Dallas Kennedy recently joined our group increasing the Particle Theory faculty to seven. In addition, we have three postdoctoral research associates, an SSC fellow, and eight graduate students. The research of our group covers a broad range of topics in theoretical high energy physics with balance between theory and phenomenology. Included in this report is a summary of the last several years of operation of the group and an outline of our current research program.

Field, R.D.; Ramond, P.M.; Sikivie, P.; Thorn, C.B.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A pedagogical introduction to quantum integrability, with a view towards theoretical high-energy physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These are lecture notes of an introduction to quantum integrability given at the Tenth Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics, 2014, aimed at PhD candidates and junior researchers in theoretical physics. We introduce spin chains and discuss the coordinate Bethe Ansatz (CBA) for a representative example: the Heisenberg XXZ model. The focus lies on the structure of the CBA and on its main results, deferring a detailed treatment of the CBA for the general $M$-particle sector of the XXZ model to an appendix. Subsequently the transfer-matrix method is discussed for the six-vertex model, uncovering a relation between that model and the XXZ spin chain. Equipped with this background the quantum inverse-scattering method (QISM) and algebraic Bethe Ansatz (ABA) are treated. We emphasize the use of graphical notation for algebraic quantities as well as computations. Finally we turn to quantum integrability in the context of theoretical high-energy physics. We discuss factorized scattering in two-dimensional QFT, a...

Lamers, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

2014 Frontier Fiesta University of Houston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 Frontier Fiesta University of Houston Building Codes & Regulations #12;#12;University of Houston Frontier Fiesta Association FrontierFiesta2014 www.uh.edu/fiesta | March 20-22, 2014 | 3 TABLE Frontier Fiesta Association Director of Operations ffops@central.uh.edu #12;FrontierFiesta2014 University

Azevedo, Ricardo

66

The University of Virginia Experimental and Theoretical High Energy Physics Closeout Report  

SciTech Connect

The work covered in this report includes a joint project on using gauge-gravity duality to discover qualitatively new results on jet quenching in strongly-coupled QCD-like plasmas. Other topics addressed by the theoretical work include jet stopping and energy loss in weakly-coupled plasmas, perturbative QCD amplitudes, AdS/CMT, dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking with a heavy fourth generation, electroweak-scale #23;{nu}{sub R} model, vacuum topological structure and chiral dynamics in strongly coupled gauge theory. Effort committed to the CMS experiment is reported, particularly the management, maintenance, operation and upgrade of the CMS electromagnetic detector (ECAL). Activities in various physics analyses including Supersymmetry, Higgs, Top, and QCD analyses are reported. Physics projects covering wide areas of physics at the LHC are reported. CY2010 saw the accumulation of a data sample corresponding to approximately 36 pb{sup -1}; in CY 2011 the data sample swelled to more than 5 fb{sup -1}. The UVa CMS analysis efforts are focused on this large 2011 data sample in a suite of crucial measurements and searches. KTeV physics activities are reported. Efforts are reported pertaining to several experiments, including: HyperCP, CKM, MIPP, D?, NO#23;{nu}A, and Mu2e.

Principal Investigator: Harry B. Thacker

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

67

Frontiers In Quantitative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-in-Publication Data: ISBN-13: 978-0-470-29292-1 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 iv #12;P1 the United States at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a varietyFrontiers In Quantitative FinanceVolatility and Credit Risk Modeling RAMA CONT #12;P1: a/b P2: c

Cont, Rama

68

1CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE FRONTIER FORESTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A GLOBAL TREASURE Eduardo Neira HernánVerscheure CarmenRevenga Map production and GIS Analysis Eduardo. BIBLIOGRAPHY 39 ANNEX I: MAPS OF FRONTIER FORESTS, OTHER VEGETATIVE COVER, PROTECTED AREAS, AND FOREST: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE LIST OF MAPS Map 1 Frontier forests, other vegetative cover, protected areas

69

1CHILE'S FRONTIER FORESTS: CONSERVING A GLOBAL TREASURE FRONTIER FORESTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A GLOBAL TREASURE Eduardo Neira HernánVerscheure CarmenRevenga Map production and GIS Analysis Eduardo 4.4.4 Altered or disturbed forests 35 5. CONCLUSIONS 37 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY 39 ANNEX I: MAPS OF FRONTIER OF MAPS Map 1 Frontier forests, other vegetative cover, protected areas, and forest activities

70

U.S. DOE Energy Frontier Research Center Announcements  

Office of Science (SC) Website

doe-announcements/ The doe-announcements/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {2FC67298-672C-476B-B645-000DED9B5398}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/doe-announcements/doe-to-award-$100-million-for-energy-frontier-research-centers/ DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced a proposed $100 million in FY2014 funding for Energy Frontier Research Centers to accelerate the scientific

71

Energy Frontier Research Center Events  

Office of Science (SC) Website

events/ The Office events/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {7ED2520F-2DB2-435D-8CBE-DEC18A03F324}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/efrc-events/princeton-cefrc-summer-program-on-combustion-2013-session/ Princeton-CEFRC Summer Program on Combustion: 2013 Session The Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center at Princeton University will host a summer program on Combustion. Mon, 11 Mar 2013 00:00:00 -0400 {0C172CD4-47D1-4231-A89B-7C7C4F0CA5E4}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/efrc-events/approaches-to-ultrahigh-efficiency-solar-energy-conversion-webinar/

72

Collaborative Research: Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Plasma Physics of Antihydrogen Generation and Trapping  

SciTech Connect

Ever since Dirac predicted the existence of antimatter in 1928, it has excited our collective imagination. Seventy-four years later, two collaborations at CERN, ATHENA and ATRAP, created the first slow antihydrogen. This was a stunning achievement, but the most important antimatter experiments require trapped, not just slow, antihydrogen. The velocity, magnetic moment, and internal energy and state of the antihydrogen depend strongly on how it is formed. To trap antihydrogen, physicists face two broad challenges: (1) Understanding the behavior of the positron and antiprotons plasmas from which the antihydrogen is synthesized; and (2) Understanding the atomic processes by which positrons and antiprotons recombine. Recombination lies on the boundary between atomic and plasma physics, and cannot be studied properly without employing tools from both fields. The proposed collaborative research campaign will address both of these challenges. The collaboration members have unique experience in the relevant fields of experimental and theoretical non-neutral plasma physics, numerical modeling, nonlinear dynamics and atomic physics. This expertise is not found elsewhere amongst antihydrogen researchers. The collaboration members have strong ties already, and seek to formalize them with this proposal. Three of the four PIs are members of the ALPHA collaboration, an international collaboration formed by most of the principal members of the ATHENA collaboration.

Robicheaux, Francis

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

73

Issues and R&D Required for the Intensity Frontier Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Operation, upgrade and development of accelerators for Intensity Frontier face formidable challenges in order to satisfy both the near-term and long-term Particle Physics program. Here we discuss key issues and R&D required for the Intensity Frontier accelerators.

Shiltsev, V.; Henderson, S.; Hurh, P.; Kourbanis, I.; Lebedev, V.

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

74

Bake Fiesta 2014 Frontier Fiesta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CookOff & Bake Fiesta forms 2014 #12;2014 Frontier Fiesta Cook-Off Registration Form To register and reserve your site for the Cook-Off, please complete the following information and submit all for 2014 Frontier Fiesta Cook-Off: Beans Brisket Ribs Chicken Fajita Our team needs: _______ site fee

Azevedo, Ricardo

75

High Energy Theory Workshops and Visitors at the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics FY14  

SciTech Connect

The workshop was held from September 23-25, 2013 on the University of Michigan campus. Local organizers were Dragan Huterer, Katherine Freese, and Heidi Wu (University of Michigan). Marilena Lo Verde (University of Chicago) also served as an external organizer. This workshop sought to gather experimentalists and theorists to discuss and define directions in cosmology research after the 1st year release of Planck data. The workshop included 35 invited (non-U-M) cosmologists, most of them relatively junior. The workshop was notable for spirited discussion of various theoretical ideas and experimental developments, and particularly on how one could test theory with ongoing and future experiments. In our follow-up poll, 95% of participants reported that interactions with other participants at the workshop may lead to further collaboration. Most participants (again about 95%) reported that they are very satisfied with the quality of the program, information they received, and the logistical support. Slides are available on line at: http://www.umich.edu/~mctp/SciPrgPgs/events/2013/CAP13/program.html. The YHET visitor program invited weekly young visitors to the University of Michigan campus to present their work. This year 23 participants came under the program. Slides are available on line for talks when applicable: http://mctp.physics.lsa.umich.edu/brown-bag-seminar-history/winter 2014 and http://mctp.physics.lsa.umich.edu/brown-bag-seminar-history/fall-2013.

Pierce, Aaron T. [University of Michigan

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Cosmic Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photo-cosmic photo-cosmic Cosmic Frontier Particle physics experiments at the Cosmic Frontier use the cosmos as a laboratory to investigate the fundamental laws of physics. Researchers use detectors to study particles from space as they approach and enter our atmosphere in forms such as cosmic rays, gamma rays and neutrinos emitted by the sun. These experiments allow researchers to test theories about how the universe was formed, what it is made of and what its future holds. Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier may have the best chance of discovering the nature of dark matter and dark energy. Theorists have concluded that these two mysterious materials constitute 96 percent of the universe and may be responsible for its formation and accelerating expansion. WIMPS and dark matter

77

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tevatron at Fermilab Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Proposed Projects and Experiments Inside view of drift tube in older 200 MeV section of Linac. Inside view of drift tube in older 200 MeV section of Linac. Energy Frontier Collider Physics To explore the smallest particles, those inside an atom, physicists use the largest of scientific instruments, particle accelerators with a length measured in miles. These giant tools of particle physics can accelerate particles to very close to the speed of light. All particle accelerators start from the principle that electrically charged objects exert a force on each other--opposite charges attract; like charges repel. If there are no other forces keeping the objects in place,

78

Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers' was submitted by the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was both the People's Choice Award winner and selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'exemplary explanation of the role of an Energy Frontier Research Center'. The Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is directed by Peter F. Green at the University of Michigan. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is 'to study complex material structures on the nanoscale to identify key features for their potential use as materials to convert solar energy and heat to electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Green, Peter F. (Director, Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan) [Director, Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan; CSTEC Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers' was submitted by the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was both the People's Choice Award winner and selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'exemplary explanation of the role of an Energy Frontier Research Center'. The Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is directed by Peter F. Green at the University of Michigan. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is 'to study complex material structures on the nanoscale to identify key features for their potential use as materials to convert solar energy and heat to electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Green, Peter F. (Director, Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan); CSTEC Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

80

Internships for Physics Majors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fermilab's IPM program offers ten-week summer internships to outstanding undergraduate physics majors. This program has been developed to familiarize students with opportunities at the frontiers of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE: Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage...

82

Connecting Accelerator RD to User Needs | U.S. DOE Office of...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology...

83

Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced...

84

Environmental Frontier of Sustainability Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Global Environmental Studies Frontier of Sustainability Science Akihisa MORI, Global Environmental Studies Satoshi KONISHI, Institute of Advanced Energy, etc Master July 14, politics, economics, energy, architecture, meteorology and marine science and so on. In this sense

Takada, Shoji

85

Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement No. 154, 2004 325 The Stopping of Low Energy Ions in Reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

molecular orbital wavefunctions. At low projectile energies the stopping is mainly due to nuclear stopping of fusion reactions.3),4) It is well known that the laboratory measurements of low energy fusion reactionsProgress of Theoretical Physics Supplement No. 154, 2004 325 The Stopping of Low Energy Ions

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

86

Phenomenological Quantum Gravity: the birth of a new frontier?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last years a general consensus has emerged that, contrary to intuition, quantum-gravity effects may have relevant consequences for the propagation and interaction of high energy particles. This has given birth to the field of ``Phenomenological Quantum Gravity'' We review some of the aspects of this new, very exciting frontier of Physics.

R. Aloisio; P. Blasi; A. Galante; P. L. Ghia; A. F. Grillo; F. Mendez

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Snowmass 2013 Computing Frontier: Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing has become a major component of all particle physics experiments and in many areas of theoretical particle physics. Progress in HEP experiment and theory will require significantly more computing, software development, storage, and networking, with different projects stretching future capabilities in different ways. However, there are many common needs among different areas in HEP, so more community planning is advised to increase efficiency. Careful and continuing review of the topics we studied, i.e., user needs and capabilities of current and future technology, is needed.

Gregory Bell; Michael Ernst

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

88

Frontier Associates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frontier Associates Frontier Associates Jump to: navigation, search Name Frontier Associates Address 1515 S Capital of Texas Hwy Place Austin, Texas Zip 78746 Sector Efficiency Product Design, evaluation and implementation of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and pricing programs Website http://www.frontierassoc.com/ Coordinates 30.273701°, -97.816775° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.273701,"lon":-97.816775,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

89

Time Asymmetry in Quantum Physics - I. Theoretical Conclusion from Resonance and Decay-Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is explained how the unification of resonance and decay phenomena into a consistent mathematical theory leads to quantum mechanical time-asymmetry. This provides the theoretical basis for a subsequent paper II in which the interpretation and experimental demonstration of this time-asymmetry is discussed.

A. Bohm; H. Kaldass; S. Komy

2007-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

90

IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A: MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 44 (2011) 052001 (11pp) doi:10.1088/1751-8113/44/5/052001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A: MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 44 (2011 matrices, Pl¨ucker relations and related quantum glass models B Sriram Shastry Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA E-mail: sriram@physics.ucsc.edu Received 17 October 2010

California at Santa Cruz, University of

91

Princeton Center for Theoretical Science The Princeton Center for Theoretical Science is dedicated to exploring the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Princeton Center for Theoretical Science The Princeton Center for Theoretical Science is dedicated to exploring the frontiers of theory in the natural sciences. Its purpose is to promote interaction among by senior theoretical scientists around the world. A group of senior Faculty Fellows, chosen from science

92

Computational and Theoretical Chemistry | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research in Computational and Theoretical Chemistry emphasizes integration and development of new and existing theoretical and computational approaches for the accurate and efficient description of processes relevant to the BES mission. Supported efforts are tightly integrated with the research and goals of the Condensed-Phase and Interfacial Molecular Sciences and Gas Phase Chemical Physics programs-which together comprise

93

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports experimental condensed matter physics emphasizing the relationship between the electronic structure and the properties of complex materials, often at the nanoscale. The focus is on systems whose behavior derives from strong correlation effects of electrons

94

Reliability Modeling of Cyber-Physical Electric Power Systems: A System-Theoretic Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation sources, e.g., wind, photovoltaics (PV), new loads, such as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV]. In this regard, next generation electric power systems envisioned under the US DOE Smart Grid initiative and its the tight coupling between this communication and control infrastructure and the physical components

Liberzon, Daniel

95

Emerging frontiers in the physical sciences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the coronal plasma. Seismic methods applied to the solar...2005) explains how recent seismic tomography yields three-dimensional models of the seismic wave velocities, by making...ecosystems for the commercial fish stock. The ocean's plant...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...computers: image and vision ( R) 4. human...reaction dynamics 7. gases, uids, electrolytes...aerodynamics, gas dynamics ( F M2 Bowles...6. compressors, turbines 7. rheology; viscous...see compressors, turbines) d (v) turbulence...Universe) e (i) vision (see computers...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Physics and mathematics at the frontier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in an attempt to understand nuclear forces, has emerged in recent...our most energetic particle accelerators. The fact that this number...gravity becomes as strong as the nuclear force, will be of crucial...fields, the sub- traction of vacuum expectation values and other...

David J. Gross

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Frontiers of chaotic advection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the present position of and survey future perspectives in the physics of chaotic advection; the field that emerged three decades ago at the intersection of fluid mechanics and nonlinear dynamics, which encompasses a range of applications with length scales ranging from micrometers to hundreds of kilometers, including systems as diverse as mixing and thermal processing of viscous fluids, micro-fluidics, biological flows, and large-scale dispersion of pollutants in oceanographic and atmospheric flows.

Hassan Aref; John R. Blake; Marko Budii?; Julyan H. E. Cartwright; Herman J. H. Clercx; Ulrike Feudel; Ramin Golestanian; Emmanuelle Gouillart; Yves Le Guer; GertJan F. van Heijst; Tatyana S. Krasnopolskaya; Robert S. MacKay; Vyacheslav V. Meleshko; Guy Metcalfe; Igor Mezi?; Alessandro P. S. de Moura; Kamal El Omari; Oreste Piro; Michel F. M. Speetjens; Rob Sturman; Jean-Luc Thiffeault; Idan Tuval

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

99

Neutron stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Neutron stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in Science lectures Lectures are intended to increase local public awareness of the...

100

Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical Catalysis of CO2. Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical Catalysis of CO2....

102

DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

to Award 100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC...

103

Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) | U...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events...

104

Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

News & Events DOE Announcements Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers...

105

Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moody to participate in "Frontiers of Engineering" Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of Engineering" symposium Engineers between 30 to 45 who are...

106

Theoretical Particle Astrophysics  

SciTech Connect

Abstract: Theoretical Particle Astrophysics The research carried out under this grant encompassed work on the early Universe, dark matter, and dark energy. We developed CMB probes for primordial baryon inhomogeneities, primordial non-Gaussianity, cosmic birefringence, gravitational lensing by density perturbations and gravitational waves, and departures from statistical isotropy. We studied the detectability of wiggles in the inflation potential in string-inspired inflation models. We studied novel dark-matter candidates and their phenomenology. This work helped advance the DoE's Cosmic Frontier (and also Energy and Intensity Frontiers) by finding synergies between a variety of different experimental efforts, by developing new searches, science targets, and analyses for existing/forthcoming experiments, and by generating ideas for new next-generation experiments.

Kamionkowski, Marc

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A: MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 43 (2010) 305001 (7pp) doi:10.1088/1751-8113/43/30/305001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A: MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 43 (2010 Physique Theorique, CNRS, Luminy Case 907, 13288 Marseille, Cedex 9, France 4 Institute for Information. PACS number: 05.20.Gg 1. Introduction Consider a physical system consisting of a large number

Radin, Charles

108

Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particle physics is a frontier subject which studies the smallest constituents of matter and the laws governing their interactions. It plays an important role in studying the origin and evolution of the univer...

Hesheng Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Working Group Report: Computing for the Intensity Frontier  

SciTech Connect

This is the report of the Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory prepared for the proceedings of the 2013 Community Summer Study ("Snowmass"). We present the future computing needs and plans of the U.S. lattice gauge theory community and argue that continued support of the U.S. (and worldwide) lattice-QCD effort is essential to fully capitalize on the enormous investment in the high-energy physics experimental program. We first summarize the dramatic progress of numerical lattice-QCD simulations in the past decade, with some emphasis on calculations carried out under the auspices of the U.S. Lattice-QCD Collaboration, and describe a broad program of lattice-QCD calculations that will be relevant for future experiments at the intensity and energy frontiers. We then present details of the computational hardware and software resources needed to undertake these calculations.

Rebel, B.; Sanchez, M.C.; Wolbers, S.

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

110

Advances in theoretical and physical aspects of spin-spin coupling constants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes trends of coupling constants on the basis of the concepts commonly used by chemists in the laboratory. With the discovery of nuclear magnetic resonance, four impressive progresses have taken place, both in experimental techniques and in theoretical approaches aimed at understanding the electronic origin of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance parameters. The chapter describes the calculation and analysis of spinspin coupling constants. Intra- and inter-molecular interaction effects on spinspin coupling constants have also been presented. Ab initio calculations of couplings in small molecules with large basis sets and inclusion of electron correlation effects have reached almost quantitative accuracy. Different types of couplings in different molecular environments have very different computational demands to obtain such accuracy. The use density functional theory (DFT)-based methods for chemical applications have increased exponentially in the past decade and the finite perturbation theory (FPT) approach to calculating the Fermi contact (FC) contribution to different couplings employing a variety of functionals has produced quite promising results. Progress in different experimental techniques helped determine relative signs of coupling constants, which in many cases are now determined routinely. This additional information is a significant improvement in using experimental values to obtain insights into different aspects of molecular electronic structure.

Rubn H. Contreras; Juan E. Peralta; Claudia G. Giribet; Martn C. Ruiz de aza; Julio C. Facelli

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Physical Behavior of Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical Behavior of Materials Physical Behavior of Materials Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Behavior of Materials Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports basic research on the behavior of materials in response to external stimuli, such as temperature, electromagnetic fields, chemical environments, and the proximity effects of surfaces and interfaces. Emphasis is on the relationships between performance (such as

112

Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research is supported to understand, design, and control materials properties and function. These goals are accomplished through studies of the relationship of materials structures to their electrical, optical, magnetic, surface reactivity, and mechanical properties and of the way in

113

A Bayesian approach to comparing theoretic models to observational data: A case study from solar flare physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar flares are large-scale releases of energy in the solar atmosphere, which are characterized by rapid changes in the hydrodynamic properties of plasma from the photosphere to the corona. Solar physicists have typically attempted to understand these complex events using a combination of theoretical models and observational data. From a statistical perspective, there are many challenges associated with making accurate and statistically significant comparisons between theory and observations, due primarily to the large number of free parameters associated with physical models. This class of ill-posed statistical problem is ideally suited to Baysian methods. In this paper, the solar flare studied by Raftery et al. (2008) is reanalysed using a Baysian framework. This enables us to study the evolution of the flare's temperature, emission measure and energy loss in a statistically self-consistent manner. The Baysian-based techniques confirm that both conductive and non-thermal beam heating play important roles i...

Adamakis, S; Walsh, R W; Gallagher, P T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Physical processes shaping GRB X-ray afterglow lightcurves: theoretical implications from the Swift XRT observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) The Swift X-Ray Telescope (XRT) reveals some interesting features of early X-ray afterglows, including a distinct rapidly decaying component preceding the conventional afterglow component in many sources, a shallow decay component before the more ``normal'' decay component observed in a good fraction of GRBs (e.g. GRB 050128, GRB 050315, GRB 050319, and GRB 050401), and X-ray flares in nearly half of the afterglows (e.g. GRB 050406, GRB 050502B, GRB 050607, and GRB 050724). In this paper, we systematically analyze the possible physical processes that shape the properties of the early X-ray afterglow lightcurves, and use the data to constrain various models. We suggest that the steep decay component is consistent with the tail emission of the prompt gamma-ray bursts and/or of the X-ray flares. This provides clear evidence that the prompt emission and afterglow emission are two distinct components, supporting the internal origin of the GRB prompt emission. The shallow decay segment observed in a group of GRBs suggests that the forward shock keeps being refreshed for some time. This might be caused either by a long-lived central engine, or by a power law distribution of the shell Lorentz factors, or else by the deceleration of a Poynting flux dominated flow. X-ray flares suggest that the GRB central engine is still active after the prompt gamma-ray emission is over, but with a reduced activity at later times. In some cases, the central engine activity even extends days after the burst trigger. Analyses of early X-ray afterglow data reveal that GRBs are indeed highly relativistic events. Early afterglow data of many bursts, starting from the beginning of the XRT observations, are consistent with the afterglow emission from an interstellar medium (ISM) environment.

Bing Zhang; Y. Z. Fan; Jaroslaw Dyks; Shiho Kobayashi; Peter Meszaros; David N. Burrows; John A. Nousek; Neil Gehrels

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

115

Approaches to renewable energy storage focus of Frontiers in Science talk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science Talk Frontiers in Science Talk Approaches to renewable energy storage focus of Frontiers in Science talk Albert Migliori will give the series of public talks, titled, "Use It, Lose It, or Save It: The Science of Renewable Energy Storage." August 21, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

116

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Energy Frontier Fermilab's Contribution to LHC Physics Physics Fermilab is involved in most aspects of the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment. The CMS detector is designed to detect objects physicists identify as fundamental: electrons, muons, tau leptons, photons, quark jets and missing energy due to weakly interacting particles such as neutrinos. Massive particles, such as the theorized Higgs boson, will decay into these fundamental particles, and the CMS detector will measure their properties. Fermilab functions as the host laboratory for U.S. efforts in the CMS experiment through its LHC Physics Center, Remote Operations Center and the largest CMS computing center outside of CERN. About 120 Fermilab scientists, postdocs, visiting students, engineers and technicians

117

Theoretical nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics: Exact 1-loop vacuum polarization effects in 1 + 1 dimensional QHD; exact 1-fermion loop contributions in 1 + 1 dimensional solitons; exact scalar 1-loop contributions in 1 + 3 dimensions; exact vacuum calculations in a hyper-spherical basis; relativistic nuclear matter with self- consistent correlation energy; consistent RHA-RPA for finite nuclei; transverse response functions in the {triangle}-resonance region; hadronic matter in a nontopological soliton model; scalar and vector contributions to {bar p}p {yields} {bar {Lambda} {Lambda}} reaction; 0+ and 2+ strengths in pion double-charge exchange to double giant-dipole resonances; and nucleons in a hybrid sigma model including a quantized pion field.

Rost, E.; Shephard, J.R.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Analogies in Theoretical Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......distribution of charge in electric conductors follow the...incompressible fluids and resistances that he is assuming...shows much analogy with electric phenomena, which 2...quantum theories of elementary particles, the theory...transforma- tions. 2. The elementary fermionic excitations......

Giovanni Jona-Lasinio

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The Very Large Hadron Collider: The farthest energy frontier  

SciTech Connect

The Very Large Hadron Collider (or Eloisatron) represents what may well be the final step on the energy frontier of accelerator-based high energy physics. While an extremely high luminosity proton collider at 100-200 TeV center of mass energy can probably be built in one step with LHC technology, that machine would cost more than what is presently politically acceptable. This talk summarizes the strategies of collider design including staged deployment, comparison with electron-positron colliders, opportunities for major innovation, and the technical challenges of reducing costs to manageable proportions. It also presents the priorities for relevant R and D for the next few years.

Barletta, William A.

2001-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

120

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series Presents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series Presents Integrated Molecular Approaches to Study Professor, Departments of Earth and Planetary Science and Environmental Science, Policy, Management) methods with geochemical approaches, it has been possible to begin to determine how these communities

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Hayden White: Frontiers of Consciousness at UCSC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of consciousness. Hayden White: Frontiers of Consciousnessyou had a very motley crew. White: A motley crew, to put itIn the capitalist context. White: You can sell the human,

UCSC Library, Regional History Project; White, Hayden; Vanderscoff, Cameron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Microfluidics Expanding the Frontiers of Microbial Ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidics has significantly contributed to the expansion of the frontiers of microbial ecology over the past decade by allowing researchers to observe the behaviors of microbes in highly controlled microenvironments, ...

Rusconi, Roberto

123

PHYSICAL PROCESSES SHAPING GAMMA-RAY BURST X-RAY AFTERGLOW LIGHT CURVES: THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS FROM THE SWIFT X-RAY TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL PROCESSES SHAPING GAMMA-RAY BURST X-RAY AFTERGLOW LIGHT CURVES: THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS August 15; accepted 2005 December 19 ABSTRACT With the successful launch of the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst component is consistent with the tail emission of the prompt gamma-ray bursts and/or the X-ray flares

Zhang, Bing

124

The ATLAS Detector at the LHC Results from the New Energy Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ATLAS Detector at the LHC Results from the New Energy Frontier Cristina Oropeza Barrera A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS ATLAS is the largest particle detector ever built! Integrated by four mainS ATLAS is a general-purpose detector. Physics goals: · Re-discover the Standard Model: · Minimum Bias

Greenaway, Alan

125

THE PHYSICS MAJOR (Physics and Astronomy & Astrophysics Streams)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PHYSICS MAJOR (Physics and Astronomy & Astrophysics Streams) Overview: Physics examines, to the behaviour of matter on the subatomic scale - and everything in between. Studying Physics at UWA gives you access to the frontiers of modern physics, built on the pillars of quantum physics and relativity. You

Tobar, Michael

126

Center for Beam Physics, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Beam Physics is a multi-disciplinary research and development unit in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. At the heart of the Center`s mission is the fundamental quest for mechanisms of acceleration, radiation and focusing of energy. Dedicated to exploring the frontiers of the physics of (and with) particle and photon beams, its primary mission is to promote the science and technology of the production, manipulation, storage and control systems of charged particles and photons. The Center serves this mission via conceptual studies, theoretical and experimental research, design and development, institutional project involvement, external collaborations, association with industry and technology transfer. This roster provides a glimpse at the scientists, engineers, technical support, students, and administrative staff that make up this team and a flavor of their multifaceted activities during 1993.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures LANL researcher Nate McDowell will discuss climate change and its effects on forest...

128

Probing lepton number violation on three frontiers  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinoless double beta decay constitutes the main probe for lepton number violation at low energies, motivated by the expected Majorana nature of the light but massive neutrinos. On the other hand, the theoretical interpretation of the (non-)observation of this process is not straightforward as the Majorana neutrinos can destructively interfere in their contribution and many other New Physics mechanisms can additionally mediate the process. We here highlight the potential of combining neutrinoless double beta decay with searches for Tritium decay, cosmological observations and LHC physics to improve the quantitative insight into the neutrino properties and to unravel potential sources of lepton number violation.

Deppisch, Frank F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

129

Nuclear Physics with trapped  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Physics with trapped atoms and ions #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian Outline · Scope and applications of nuclear physics precision frontier compliments LHC properties and aquifers in the Sahara #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian What is Nuclear Physics? · Began with the study

Boas, Harold P.

130

Control-theoretic cyber-physical system modeling and synthesis: A case study of an active direct methanol fuel cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A joint optimization of the physical system and the cyber world is one of the key problems in the design of a cyber-physical system (CPS). The major mechanical forces and/or chemical reactions in a plant are commonly modified by actuators in the balance-of-plant ... Keywords: Balance of plants system, Cyber-physical systems, Direct methanol fuel cell

Donghwa Shin; Jaehyun Park; Younghyun Kim; Jaeam Seo; Naehyuck Chang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Frontier Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frontier Ethanol LLC Frontier Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Frontier Ethanol LLC Place Gowrie, Iowa Product Owner and operator of a bioethanol plant near Gowrie, Iowa. Coordinates 42.28227°, -94.290334° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.28227,"lon":-94.290334,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

132

AMERICAN FRONTIERS: CRITICAL HISTORIES WINTER 2006 SYLLABUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

since the late 19th century; the social transformation of the American West in the 20th century; and images of the frontier and the West in American culture since the early 20th century. We will also Publisher: W. W. Norton; Reprint edition (January 30, 1987) Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California

133

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series Presented by... Professor growing field which has provided for nanometric optical imaging in the near-field. Even though a variety of techniques are being developed with nanometric optical imaging potential, near-field optics remains the most

134

Frontiers of biomedical text mining: current progress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers of biomedical text mining: current progress Pierre Zweigenbaum, Dina Demner-Fushman, Hong of biomedical text mining continue to present interesting challenges and opportunities for great improvements and interesting research. In this article we review the current state of the art in biomedical text mining or `Bio

Yu, Hong

135

Final Report for Research in High Energy Physics (University of Hawaii)  

SciTech Connect

Here we present a final report for the DOE award for the University of Hawaii High Energy Physics Group (UHHEPG) for the period from December 1, 2009 to May 31, 2013 (including a period of no-cost extension). The high energy physics (HEP) group at the University of Hawaii (UH) has been engaged in experiments at the intensity frontier studying flavor physics (Task A: Belle, Belle-II and Task B: BES) and neutrinos (Task C: SuperK, LBNE, Double Chooz, DarkSide, and neutrino R\\&D). On the energy frontier, new types of pixel detectors were developed for upgrades of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC (Task D). On the cosmic frontier, there were investigations of ultra high-energy neutrino astrophysics and the highest energy cosmic rays using special radio detection techniques (Task E: AMBER, ANITA R\\&D) and results of the analysis of ANITA data. In addition, we have developed new types of sophisticated and cutting edge instrumentation based on novel ``oscilloscope on a chip'' electronics (Task F). Theoretical physics research (Task G) is phenomenologically oriented and has studied experimental consequences of existing and proposed new theories relevant to the energy, cosmic and intensity frontiers. The senior investigators for proposal were T. E. Browder (Task A), F. A. Harris (Task B), P. Gorham (Task E), J. Kumar (Task G), J. Maricic (Task C), J. G. Learned (Task C), S. Pakvasa (Task G), S. Parker (Task D), S. Matsuno (Task C), X. Tata (Task G) and G. S. Varner (Tasks F, A, E).

Browder, Thomas E.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

136

Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk from Leo Holberg and Allen Mills  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Leo Holberg and Allen Mills present a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

Holberg, Leo; Mills, Allen [NIST

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales ' was submitted by the Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFree is directed by Ho-kwang Mao at the Carnegie Institute of Washington and is a partnership of scientists from thirteen institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments is 'to accelerate the discovery and creation of energy-relevant materials using extreme pressures and temperatures.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, water), photocatalysis, solid state lighting, optics, thermelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, fuel cells, superconductivity, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, spin dynamics, CO{sub 2} (capture, convert, store), greenhouse gas, hydrogen (fuel, storage), ultrafast physics, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Mao, Ho-kwang (Director, Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments); EFree Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

138

The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales ' was submitted by the Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFree is directed by Ho-kwang Mao at the Carnegie Institute of Washington and is a partnership of scientists from thirteen institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments is 'to accelerate the discovery and creation of energy-relevant materials using extreme pressures and temperatures.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, water), photocatalysis, solid state lighting, optics, thermelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, fuel cells, superconductivity, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, spin dynamics, CO{sub 2} (capture, convert, store), greenhouse gas, hydrogen (fuel, storage), ultrafast physics, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Mao, Ho-kwang (Director, Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments) [Director, Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments; EFree Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Frontier Research Center News  

Office of Science (SC) Website

news/ The Office of news/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {9CB101D3-8765-47D6-A2DB-D5E8979B3C9B}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/efrc-news/observing-the-sparks-of-life/ Observing the Sparks of Life EFRC researchers isolate a photosynthetic complex — arguably the most important bit of organic chemistry on the planet — in its complete functioning state. This work, featured in the Office of Science’s

140

Search for the ANSER (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Search for the ANSER' was submitted by the Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center (ANSER) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. ANSER, an EFRC directed by Michael Wasielewski at Argonne National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Yale. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. At ANSER, the mission is 'to revolutionize our understanding of molecules, materials and methods necessary to create dramatically more efficient technologies for solar fuels and electricity production.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, transportation fuels, bio-inspired, spin dynamics, hydrogen (fuel), ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Wasielewski, Michael R. (Director, Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center); ANSER Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Battle against Phonons (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Battle against Phonons' was submitted by the Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion (S3TEC) EFRC to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for the special award, 'Best with Popcorn'. S3TEC, an EFRC directed by Gang Chen at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from four research institutions: MIT (lead), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Boston College, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Solid-State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion Center is 'to create novel, solid-state materials for the conversion of sunlight into electricity using thermal and photovoltaic processes.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, defect tolerant materials, and scalable processing.

Chen, Gang (Director, Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center); S3TEC Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

Frontiers in Planetary and Stellar Magnetism through High-Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hwang, project co-PI Frontiers in Planetary and Stellar Magnetism through High-Performance Computing PI Name: Jonathan Aurnou PI Email: aurnou@ucla.edu Institution: University...

143

Earthquake triggering discussed in three Frontiers in Science...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

causes is the topic of the next series of Frontiers in Science lectures by Paul Johnson. November 6, 2014 Paul Johnson Paul Johnson Contact Steve Sandoval Communications...

144

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The recorded presentations and panel discussion are now available for online viewing. The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center...

145

Frontiers in Energy Research: Soaking Up the Sunshine | Photosynthetic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sunshine July 13, 2012 Frontiers in Energy Research: Soaking Up the Sunshine Biohybrid light antennas offer more efficient solar energy capture than natural systems Read PARC...

146

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Si as part of RG-3 research efforts (Chris Gladden, LBNL) The Scientific Vision of the "Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center"...

147

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Millikan Board Room map California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) Energy Frontier Research Center...

148

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy Steven Chu visits Caltech labs For more information or questions about the Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center, please...

149

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

event details 02.06.13 logo Redefining the Limits of Photovoltaic Efficiency The LMI Energy Frontier Research Center, along with the Resnick Sustainability Institute, is...

150

NON-EQUILIBRIUM DYNAMICS OF MANY-BODY QUANTUM SYSTEMS: FUNDAMENTALS AND NEW FRONTIER  

SciTech Connect

Rapid progress in nanotechnology and naofabrication techniques has ushered in a new era of quantum transport experiments. This has in turn heightened the interest in theoretical understanding of nonequilibrium dynamics of strongly correlated quantum systems. This project has advanced the frontiers of understanding in this area along several fronts. For example, we showed that under certain conditions, quantum impurities out of equilibrium can be reformulated in terms of an effective equilibrium theory; this makes it possible to use the gamut of tools available for quantum systems in equilibrium. On a different front, we demonstrated that the elastic power of a transmitted microwave photon in circuit QED systems can exhibit a many-body Kondo resonance. We also showed that under many circumstances, bipartite fluctuations of particle number provide an effective tool for studying many-body physicsparticularly the entanglement properties of a many-body system. This implies that it should be possible to measure many-body entanglement in relatively simple and tractable quantum systems. In addition, we studied charge relaxation in quantum RC circuits with a large number of conducting channels, and elucidated its relation to Kondo models in various regimes. We also extended our earlier work on the dynamics of driven and dissipative quantum spin-boson impurity systems, deriving a new formalism that makes it possible to compute the full spin density matrix and spin-spin correlation functions beyond the weak coupling limit. Finally, we provided a comprehensive analysis of the nonequilibrium transport near a quantum phase transition in the case of a spinless dissipative resonant-level model. This project supported the research of two Ph.D. students and two postdoctoral researchers, whose training will allow them to further advance the field in coming years.

DeMille, David; LeHur, Karyn

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

151

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics1354608000000PhysicsSome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access.No Physics Some of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote...

152

Physics & Astrophysics press.princeton.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics & Astrophysics 2013 press.princeton.edu #12;in a nutshell 1 in a nutshell 2 princeton frontiers in physics 3 textbooks 7 astronomy & astrophysics 10 princeton series in astrophysics 12 physics 15 princeton series in physics 16 quantum physics 17 condensed matter 18 mathematics, mathematical

Landweber, Laura

153

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events...

154

SciTech Connect: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technical Report: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center...

155

Theoretical research in intermediate-energy nuclear physics. [Technical progress report, April 1, 1993--March 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses progress that has been made on the following seven problems: (1) (e, e{prime}p) at high momentum transfer; (2) post,acceleration effects in two-nucleon interferometry of heavy-ion collisions; (3) pion-nucleus interactions above 0.5 GeV; (4) chiral symmetry breaking in nuclei and picnic atom anomaly; (5) atomic screening on nuclear astronomical reactions; (6) QCD related work (coherent pion production from skyrmion-antiskyrmion annihilation, QCD in 1 + 1 dimensions, and correlation functions in the QCD vacuum), and (7) kaonic hydrogen atom experiment. The problems deal with various topics mostly in intermediate-energy nuclear physics. We place priority on (1) and (2), and describe them somewhat in detail below. Other problems are our on-going projects, but we are placing lower priority on them in the second and third year.

Seki, R.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Project X: Physics Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Part 2 of "Project X: Accelerator Reference Design, Physics Opportunities, Broader Impacts". In this Part, we outline the particle-physics program that can be achieved with Project X, a staged superconducting linac for intensity-frontier particle physics. Topics include neutrino physics, kaon physics, muon physics, electric dipole moments, neutron-antineutron oscillations, new light particles, hadron structure, hadron spectroscopy, and lattice-QCD calculations. Part 1 is available as arXiv:1306.5022 [physics.acc-ph] and Part 3 is available as arXiv:1306.5024 [physics.acc-ph].

Andreas S. Kronfeld; Robert S. Tschirhart; Usama Al-Binni; Wolfgang Altmannshofer; Charles Ankenbrandt; Kaladi Babu; Sunanda Banerjee; Matthew Bass; Brian Batell; David V. Baxter; Zurab Berezhiani; Marc Bergevin; Robert Bernstein; Sudeb Bhattacharya; Mary Bishai; Thomas Blum; S. Alex Bogacz; Stephen J. Brice; Joachim Brod; Alan Bross; Michael Buchoff; Thomas W. Burgess; Marcela Carena; Luis A. Castellanos; Subhasis Chattopadhyay; Mu-Chun Chen; Daniel Cherdack; Norman H. Christ; Tim Chupp; Vincenzo Cirigliano; Pilar Coloma; Christopher E. Coppola; Ramanath Cowsik; J. Allen Crabtree; Andr de Gouva; Jean-Pierre Delahaye; Dmitri Denisov; Patrick deNiverville; Ranjan Dharmapalan; Alexander Dolgov; Georgi Dvali; Estia Eichten; Jrgen Engelfried; Phillip D. Ferguson; Tony Gabriel; Avraham Gal; Franz Gallmeier; Kenneth S. Ganezer; Susan Gardner; Douglas Glenzinski; Stephen Godfrey; Elena S. Golubeva; Stefania Gori; Van B. Graves; Geoffrey Greene; Cory L. Griffard; Ulrich Haisch; Thomas Handler; Brandon Hartfiel; Athanasios Hatzikoutelis; Ayman Hawari; Lawrence Heilbronn; James E. Hill; Patrick Huber; David E. Jaffe; Christian Johnson; Yuri Kamyshkov; Daniel M. Kaplan; Boris Kerbikov; Brendan Kiburg; Harold G. Kirk; Andreas Klein; Kyle Knoepfel; Boris Kopeliovich; Vladimir Kopeliovich; Joachim Kopp; Wolfgang Korsch; Graham Kribs; Ronald Lipton; Chen-Yu Liu; Wolfgang Lorenzon; Zheng-Tian Lu; Naomi C. R. Makins; David McKeen; Geoffrey Mills; Michael Mocko; Rabindra Mohapatra; Nikolai V. Mokhov; Guenter Muhrer; Pieter Mumm; David Neuffer; Lev Okun; Mark A. Palmer; Robert Palmer; Robert W. Pattie Jr.; David G. Phillips II; Kevin Pitts; Maxim Pospelov; Vitaly S. Pronskikh; Chris Quigg; Erik Ramberg; Amlan Ray; Paul E. Reimer; David G. Richards; Adam Ritz; Amit Roy; Arthur Ruggles; Robert Ryne; Utpal Sarkar; Andy Saunders; Yannis K. Semertzidis; Anatoly Serebrov; Hirohiko Shimizu; Arindam K. Sikdar; Robert Shrock; Pavel V. Snopok; William M. Snow; Aria Soha; Stefan Spanier; Sergei Striganov; Zhaowen Tang; Lawrence Townsend; Jon Urheim; Arkady Vainshtein; Richard Van de Water; Ruth S. Van de Water; Richard J. Van Kooten; Bernard Wehring; Lisa Whitehead; Robert J. Wilson; Elizabeth Worcester; William C. Wester III; Albert R. Young; Geralyn Zeller

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

157

Physics Advisory Committee Meeting November 3-5, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5) report to HEPAP--the Energy Frontier, the Intensity matter are producing first-rate science at the Intensity and Cosmic Frontiers. Plans for future importance of maintaining detector and accelerator R&D for future projects in difficult budget times

Quigg, Chris

158

Department of Energy to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Department of Energy to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit May 24, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - On Wednesday, May 25, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome nearly 1,000 of America's top energy researchers to Washington, D.C. for the inaugural Science for the Nation's Energy Future: The Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit and Forum. The three-day public conference will showcase early successes of DOE's Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC). It will also bring together scientists and energy policy leaders to explore the challenges and opportunities in applying America's extraordinary scientific and technical resources to helping shape our clean energy future.

159

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Cosmic Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier How it works Questions for the Universe Scientific results Experiments CDMS COUPP GammeV Pierre Auger SDSS Dark Energy Survey Proposed Projects and Experiments Cosmic Frontier CDMS CDMS Researchers on the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search, or CDMS, experiment are searching for WIMPs, which may make up dark matter. Researchers built the CDMS detector to identify WIMPs through their interactions with nuclei in a section of the detector made of germanium crystals. When a nucleus is hit, it recoils, causing the whole germanium crystal to vibrate. Theorists expect WIMPs to interact only once a year in each kilogram of space, and the energy caused by the nuclear recoil is very low. So the CDMS detector must distinguish between the effects of WIMP interactions and

160

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ion Collider: Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all BNL-98815-2012-JA JLAB-PHY-12-1652 arXiv:1212.1701 Authors A. Accardi 14,28 , J. L. Albacete 16 , M. Anselmino 29 , N. Armesto 36 , E. C. Aschenauer 3,† , A. Bacchetta 35 , D. Boer 33 , W. Brooks 37,† , T. Burton 3 , N.-B. Chang 23 , W.-T. Deng 13,23 , A. Deshpande 25,∗,† , M. Diehl 11,† , A. Dumitru 2 , R. Dupr´ e 7 , R. Ent 28,‡ , S. Fazio 3 , H. Gao 12,† , V. Guzey 28 , H. Hakobyan 37 , Y. Hao 3 , D. Hasch 15 , R. Holt 1,† , T. Horn 5,† , M. Huang 23 , A. Hutton 28,† , C. Hyde 20 , J. Jalilian-Marian 2 , S. Klein 17 , B. Kopeliovich 37 , Y. Kovchegov 19,† , K. Kumar 24,† , K. Kumeriˇ cki 40 , M. A. C. Lamont 3 , T. Lappi 34 , J.-H. Lee 3 , Y. Lee 3 , E. M. Levin 26,37 , F.-L. Lin 28 , V. Litvinenko 3 , T. W. Ludlam 3,‡ , C. Marquet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Aspects of Unparticle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some theoretical and experimental issues in unparticle physics, focusing mainly on collider signatures.

Arvind Rajaraman

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

Frontier Power Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Company Power Company Place Ohio Utility Id 6804 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial And Industrial Lighting And Power Service Commercial Large Power Service Residential Sales,Residential Sales Seasonal And Public Building Service Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1160/kWh Commercial: $0.1180/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Frontier_Power_Company&oldid=410728"

163

FRONTIERS ARTICLE Quantum cascade lasers in chemical physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Houston, TX 77005, USA e Aerodyne Research Inc., Billerica, MA 01821, USA f Daylight Solutions Inc., Poway

164

A LETTERS JOURNAL EXPLORING THE FRONTIERS OF PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the network: fluctuating bond center detachment (FBCD)-assisted diffusion, in which a bond center H may ranging from TFTs in laptop displays to solar photovoltaics and IR imaging/detection. Hydrogen dynamics

Drabold, David

165

Frontiers in Chemical Physics and Analysis Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

functional theory and first principles electronic structure calculations. We discuss how the host molecule measure the electronic spectra by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), mass-selected resonance enhanced

166

Snowmass Energy Frontier Simulations using the Open Science Grid (A Snowmass 2013 whitepaper)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Snowmass is a US long-term planning study for the high-energy community by the American Physical Society's Division of Particles and Fields. For its simulation studies, opportunistic resources are harnessed using the Open Science Grid infrastructure. Late binding grid technology, GlideinWMS, was used for distributed scheduling of the simulation jobs across many sites mainly in the US. The pilot infrastructure also uses the Parrot mechanism to dynamically access CvmFS in order to ascertain a homogeneous environment across the nodes. This report presents the resource usage and the storage model used for simulating large statistics Standard Model backgrounds needed for Snowmass Energy Frontier studies.

Avetisyan, A; Narain, M; Padhi, S; Hirschauer, J; Levshina, T; McBride, P; Sehgal, C; Slyz, M; Rynge, M; Malik, S; Stupak, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Energy Department to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Department to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers September 30, 2013 - 4:39pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced a proposed $100 million in FY2014 funding for Energy Frontier Research Centers to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy. Research supported by this initiative will enable fundamental advances in energy production and use. "Transforming how we generate, transmit, store and use energy is one of the greatest scientific challenges we face in the changing energy landscape," said Secretary Moniz. "This funding will help fuel innovative solutions as we move toward next generation energy systems."

168

The proton engineering frontier project: Applications of accelerator technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Launched in 2002 as a major national R&D project of Korea, the Proton Engineering Frontier Project is now being successfully completed ... of accelerator technologies. Developments of low energy ion accelerators,...

Kui Young Kim; Jae Sang Lee; Jae-Won Park

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which authors are part of the LMI-EFRC: "A.A.A. was supported as part of the DOE "Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion' Energy Frontier Research Center under...

170

EFRC Overview | University of Texas Energy Frontier Research...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the EFRC The Center for Nano- and Molecular Science and Technology (CNM) at The University of Texas at Austin is the site of an Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) funded...

171

Department of Energy to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Department of Energy to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit May 24, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Beginning Wednesday, May 25 U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu will welcome nearly 1,000 of America's top energy researchers to Washington, D.C. for the inaugural Science for the Nation's Energy Future: The Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit and Forum. The three-day event will bring together scientists and energy policy leaders to explore the challenges and opportunities in applying America's extraordinary scientific and technical resources to helping shape our clean energy future. Secretary Chu will give the opening keynote address on Wednesday, May 25 and discuss how technology and innovation can help solve the nation's energy needs.

172

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Matters Video The LMI-EFRC Video "Light Matters" was the winner of the "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" video contest for striking photography and visual impact....

173

Two-Stroke Engines: New Frontier in Engine Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Companies are revisiting two-stroke engines in the hopes of finding a new frontier in engine efficiency without the additional cost. But, not all two-stroke engines are the same.

174

Fort Inge and the Texas frontier, 1849-1869  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Civil War. Personalities associated with the history of Fort Inge include frontier artist Captain Seth Eastman, Frederick Law Olmsted, Bigfoot Wallace, Lydia Spencer Lane, and army officers such as William J. Hardee, Edmund Kirby Smith, Eugene A. Carr..., Gordon Granger, Zenas R. Bliss, William "Wild Bill" Hazen, John L. Bullis, and Fitzhugh Lee. This case study examines a number of topical problems associated with the U. S. Army and the frontier. Was the Army s role as an economic multiplier and mar...

Smith, Thomas Tyree

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

#SpaceWeek: Science on the Cosmic Frontier | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

SpaceWeek: Science on the Cosmic Frontier SpaceWeek: Science on the Cosmic Frontier March 3, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis Join us for a Twitter

176

A tale of two roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Salvador, Brazil. 742 Bunker, S.G. , 1984. Underdevelopingfrontiers in (e.g. , 314 Bunker, 1984), frontier settlers in

Carr, D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A'Hearn, Michael F. - Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland at College Park Aalberts, Daniel P. - Department of Physics,...

178

Supplementary material to "Curvature and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory", by Stein et al.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supplementary material to "Curvature and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory", by Stein et al. 2. Calculation of curvature from: [{ }] [{ }] #12;Supplementary material to "Curvature and frontier orbital energies in density functional theory

Baer, Roi

179

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tevatron at Fermilab CDF DZero Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress DZero detector in the Collision Hall DZero detector in the Collision Hall. A silicon strip disk for the DZero experiment's silicon tracker A silicon strip disk for the DZero experiment's silicon tracker. Energy Frontier DZero How it works DZero is one of two detectors positioned along the four-mile Tevatron accelerator ring.It takes its name from its location on the ring, D0. Physicists use the detector to study the array of particles and forces in nature by recording data about collisions of protons and anti-protons in the accelerator. The 5,500-ton detector sits more than four stories tall and is composed of more than 1 million individual detector elements.

180

New Frontiers in Energy Summit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit March 28, 2008 - 11:49am Addthis Remarks by Secretary Bodman Thank you, Sen. Salazar. I appreciate your strong commitment to helping this state - and our nation - address our energy challenges in a way that is comprehensive and sustainable for the long-term. In particular, you've been a real leader on renewable energy - through your work on the Senate Energy Committee - and I look forward to continuing to work with you back in Washington. It is indeed a pleasure to be in the great state of Colorado. This state is blessed with tremendous natural beauty - and vast natural resources -- resources which make Colorado a treasured haven for outdoor enthusiasts and which make the people who live here so strongly committed to protecting and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Sanbonmatsu will discuss the new science of epigenetics and how it is related to a wide range of biological phenomena. August 7, 2013 Cells in the human body contains strands of DNA nearly 10 feet long that look like this and are packed into cellular sacks less than a millionth of an inch in diameter. Cells in the human body contains strands of DNA nearly 10 feet long that look like this and are packed into cellular sacks less than a millionth of an inch in diameter. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email Nick Njegomir Communications Office (505) 667-7000 Email "The act of a mother nurturing or not nurturing her baby programs DNA; so

182

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CDF DZero Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress CDF silicon vertex detector being installed in 2001 CDF silicon vertex detector being installed in 2001. Drawing of the CDF detector Drawing of the CDF detector. Energy Frontier CDF How it works CDF is one of two detectors positioned along the four-mile Tevatron accelerator ring. Physicists use the detector to study the array of particles and forces within the atom by recording data about collisions of protons and anti-protons in the machine. The 4,500-ton detector sits more than four stories tall and is composed of more than 1 million individual detector elements. Beams of protons and antiprotons collide at the center of CDF at nearly the speed of light, creating flashes of energy that condense into particles

183

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CDF DZero Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress Energy Frontier Tevatron Before shutting down on Sept. 29, 2011, the Tevatron was the world's largest proton-antiproton collider. Residing at Fermilab, the Tevatron accelerated and stored beams of protons and antiprotons traveling in opposite directions around an underground ring four miles in circumference at almost the speed of light before colliding them at the center of two detectors. The detectors, called CDF, for Collider Detector at Fermilab, and DZero, named for its location on the accelerator ring, contain many detection subsystems that identified the different types of particles emerging from the collisions. Scientists explored the structure of matter, space and time

184

New Frontiers in Energy Summit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit March 28, 2008 - 11:49am Addthis Remarks by Secretary Bodman Thank you, Sen. Salazar. I appreciate your strong commitment to helping this state - and our nation - address our energy challenges in a way that is comprehensive and sustainable for the long-term. In particular, you've been a real leader on renewable energy - through your work on the Senate Energy Committee - and I look forward to continuing to work with you back in Washington. It is indeed a pleasure to be in the great state of Colorado. This state is blessed with tremendous natural beauty - and vast natural resources -- resources which make Colorado a treasured haven for outdoor enthusiasts and which make the people who live here so strongly committed to protecting and

185

Muon Collider Physics at Very High Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon colliders might greatly extend the energy frontier of collider physics. One can contemplate circular colliders with center-of-mass energies in excess of 10 TeV. Some physics issues that might be relevant at such a machine are discussed.

M. S. Berger

2000-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

186

High Energy Physics from High Performance Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss Quantum Chromodynamics calculations using the lattice regulator. The theory of the strong force is a cornerstone of the Standard Model of particle physics. We present USQCD collaboration results obtained on Argonne National Lab's Intrepid supercomputer that deepen our understanding of these fundamental theories of Nature and provide critical support to frontier particle physics experiments and phenomenology.

T. Blum

2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

187

Theoretical & Computational Plasma Physicist | Princeton Plasma...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Requisition Number: 1400777 PPPLTheory Department has an opening at the rank of Research Physicist in theoretical and computational plasma physics in the area of...

188

Frontiers in thermoacoustic refrigeration and mixture separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a combustion-powered thermoacoustic natural gas liquefier, radioisotope and reactor-driven thermoacoustic for simplicity, reliability, and low fabrication costs without seriously compromising the Stirling cycle's high, theoretical analysis of microscopic processes, and proof-of- principle experiments. In addition to our mostly

189

Mechanized Silica Nanoparticles: A New Frontier in Theranostic Nanomedicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mechanized Silica Nanoparticles: A New Frontier in Theranostic Nanomedicine ... This article is part of the Theranostic Nanomedicine special issue. ... With the growth of nanomedicine, one can envisage the possibility of fabricating a theranostic vector that could release powerful therapeutics and diagnostic markers simultaneously and selectively to diseased tissue. ...

Michael W. Ambrogio; Courtney R. Thomas; Yan-Li Zhao; Jeffrey I. Zink; J. Fraser Stoddart

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Invited Paper New Frontiers of Network Security: The Threat Within  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Invited Paper New Frontiers of Network Security: The Threat Within Sugata Sanyal1 , Ajit Shelat2% of information security threats originate from inside the organization. The instances of insider threats have. The Insider threats are generally caused by current or ex-employees, contractors or partners, who have

Sanyal, Sugata

191

Theoretical Issues  

SciTech Connect

The theoretical issues in the interpretation of the precision measurements of the nucleon-to-Delta transition by means of electromagnetic probes are highlighted. The results of these measurements are confronted with the state-of-the-art calculations based on chiral effective-field theories (EFT), lattice QCD, large-Nc relations, perturbative QCD, and QCD-inspired models. The link of the nucleon-to-Delta form factors to generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is also discussed.

Marc Vanderhaeghen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

symmetry magazine | dimensions of particle physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

symmetry magazine symmetry magazine symmetry magazine dimensions of particle physics dimensions of particle physics A joint Fermilab/SLAC publication Search form Search Search Facebook Twitter RSS Feed subscribe masthead contact Home Departments application breaking commentary contest Day in the life Deconstruction Essay explain it in 60 seconds feature gallery Logbook Signal to background Science Topics applied science astrophysics Cosmic Frontier dark energy dark matter Energy Frontier extra dimensions Higgs boson Intensity Frontier neutrinos underground science Image Bank Archives Full Archives PDF Issues Print Editions sections subscribe application breaking commentary contest day in the life deconstruction essay explain it in 60 seconds feature gallery logbook signal to background Full Archives PDF Issues Print Editions

193

The Science Case for An Electron-Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case for Case for An Electron-Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Jianwei Qiu Brookhaven National Laboratory NSAC Subcommittee Meeting on Scientific Facilities February 15-16, 2013 for both BNL and JLab EIC efforts, ... 1 White Paper for the Electron-Ion Collider ELIC (JLab) eRHIC (BNL) 2 arXiv:1212.1701 Community effort and commitment Ten-week program (9/13-11/19, 2010) at Institute for Nuclear Theory (INT Report: arXiv:1108.1713v2, 500+ pages)  Many workshops on EIC physics: 3  Commitment from BNL and JLab:  EICAC - jointly by BNL and JLab  BNL EIC Task force (https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/Main_Page)  EIC@JLab (https://eic.jlab.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page)  Detector R&D (https://wiki.bnl.gov/conferences/index.php/EIC_R%25D)

194

Frontier, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frontier, North Dakota: Energy Resources Frontier, North Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.8005206°, -96.8331391° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.8005206,"lon":-96.8331391,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

195

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations Energy Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations DOE Logo Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations DOE Logo Focus Areas Reaction Mechanisms Controlled Active Metals Materials Synthesis Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations > IACT Home IACT News IACT Partners IACT Staff IACT Awards Publications & Presentations Jobs at IACT Energy Frontier Research Centers at Argonne Strategic Alliances Research Facilities & Tools Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations - an Energy Frontier Research Center The Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations (IACT) employs a multidisciplinary approach to address key catalytic conversions that could improve the efficiency of producing fuels from biomass. IACT focuses on advancing the science of catalysis for the efficient conversion of energy resources into usable forms. IACT's goal is to find ways to achieve control and efficiency of chemical conversions comparable to those in nature.

196

FRONTIER SYNCHROTRON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY BEAMLINE UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS (FIS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FRONTIER SYNCHROTRON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY FRONTIER SYNCHROTRON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY BEAMLINE UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS (FIS) Proposal Team: L. Carr 1 , D. Dolan 2 , R. Hemley 3 , S. Jacobson 4 , S. Karato 5 , Z. Liu 3 , W. Panero 6 , M. Pravica 7 , and T. Zhou 8 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 2 Sandia National Laboratories, 3 Carnegie Institution of Washington, 4 Northwestern University, 5 Yale University, 6 Ohio State University, 7 University of Nevada, 8 New Jersey Institute of Technology TECHNIQUES AND CAPABILITIES APPLICATIONS SPECIFIC PROJECTS / ADDITIONAL INFORMATION * TECHNIQUE(S): Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Raman and visible spectroscopy; Diamond anvil cell techniques for static high pressure; Gas-gun launchers for dynamic compression; Cryogenic techniques combined with DACs;

197

PNNL: Biological Sciences: Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Frontiers in Biological Sciences The seminar series features nationally/internationally known researchers from industry, government, and academia discussing novel ideas and advancements related to biological sciences. The hour-long seminars will feature a 45-minute talk by the featured speaker followed by 15 minutes of discussion with the audience members. 2014 Tim Donohue Timothy J. Donohue, Ph.D. Timothy J. Donohue, Ph.D. Department of Bacteriology University of Wisconsin-Madison Director, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Tuesday, January 14, 2014 EMSL Auditorium 11:00 a.m. Biological Insights and Products Gleaned from Mining Bacterial Genomes and Pathways Professor Donohue has been a member of the UW-Madison Bacteriology Department since 1986. His research program studies bacterial energy

198

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

199

For Physicists | Fellowships & Awards | Intensity Frontier Fellows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application Info Application Info Applications must include a curriculum vitae, and a selected publication list. In addition we request a two-page proposal describing the major contribution that will be made to the Intensity Frontier during the Fellowship, current compensation, and requested dates of support. Applicants holding postdoctoral positions should supply two letters of reference. Applications for awards beginning in 2014 will be accepted until 22 November, 2013. It is anticipated that a second round of applications will be solicited in spring 2014. Applicants should be notified by 20 December 2013. Applications should be made via: Online Application Further queries should be sent to: send email Related Links Fermilab Intensity Frontier Department NOvA Experiment

200

Count data stochastic frontier models, with an application to the patentsR&D relationship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces a new count data stochastic frontier model that researchers can use ... patents awarded to a firm given expenditure on R&D.

Eduardo F; Richard Hofler

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Informational Webinar: Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE) Funding Opportunity Announcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE) Funding Opportunity Announcement Informational Webinar," focusing on the...

202

Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides' was submitted by the EFRC for Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. MSA is directed by Peter Burns at the University of Notre Dame, and is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Burns, Peter (Director, Materials Science of Actinides); MSA Staff

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

203

Estimation and decomposition of cost efficiency in the health care food service sector: an extended stochastic frontier approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......frontier approach|health...Journal of Management Mathematics...frontier approach A. ASSAF School of Management, University...Technology and Management. London...Ap- plied Science. MCPROUD...analysis approaches. Fish......

A. Assaf; K. M. Matawie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The theoretical significance of G  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantization of gravity, and its unification with the other interactions, is one of the greatest challenges of theoretical physics. Current ideas suggest that the value of G might be related to the other fundamental constants of physics, and that gravity might be richer than the standard Newton-Einstein description. This gives added significance to measurements of G and to Cavendish-type experiments.

T. Damour

1999-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

The efficient frontier for a portfolio that includes one risk-free asset  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a description of the efficient frontier of a portfolio composed by three assets, including a risk-free asset. We use a data analysis method to obtain two classes of assets and then we estimate the risk of each asset corresponding ... Keywords: efficient frontier, optimization, portfolio selection, principal component analysis, risk estimation

Florentin Serban; Maria Viorica Stefanescu; Silvia Dedu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Research on Offshore Foundations: Papers at the International Symposium on Frontiers in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research on Offshore Foundations: Papers at the International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore@eng.ox.ac.uk http://www-civil.eng.ox.ac.uk/ #12;Research on Offshore Foundations: Papers at the International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics Perth, Australia, 2005 G.T. Houlsby, C.M. Martin, B.W. Byrne

Byrne, Byron

207

FRONTIER, MAGNETIC, ELLIPSOMETRIC AND TIME-RESOLVED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY (FIS + MET)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRONTIER, MAGNETIC, ELLIPSOMETRIC AND TIME-RESOLVED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY (FIS + MET) SCIENTIFIC-resolved Frontier Infrared Spectroscopy (FIS) and Magnetic, Ellipsometric and Time-Resolved Infrared Spectroscopy Beamline Team STAFF Larry Carr: MET lead beamline scientist Zhenxian Liu (CIW): FIS lead beamline scientist

Ohta, Shigemi

208

US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that energy intensity is not necessarily a good indicator of energy efficiency, whereas by controllingUS Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier Approach Massimo www.cepe.ethz.ch #12;US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier

209

Power System Extreme Event Detection: The Vulnerability Frontier Bernard C. Lesieutre Ali Pinar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power System Extreme Event Detection: The Vulnerability Frontier Bernard C. Lesieutre Ali Pinar the number of line outages in a grid to the power disrupted by the outages. This frontier describes the boundary of a space relating the possible severity of a disturbance in terms of power disruption, from zero

Pinar, Ali

210

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications Contact BES Home 04.22.11 Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page April 22, 2011 :: The Office of Science announced the winners of the Energy Frontier Research Centers Video Contest External link and the start of the People's Choice Contest External link . The video with the most votes by 5:00 pm on May 24, 2011 will receive the People's Choice Award. Be sure to vote for your favorites. The winning videos will be shown during an awards ceremony at the EFRC Summit External link on May 25, 2011. View the

211

U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Frontier Research Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum March 4, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the first Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum to be held on May 25-27, 2011, at the Renaissance Penn Quarter hotel in Washington D.C. The Summit will bring together scientists and energy policy leaders to explore the challenges and opportunities in applying America's extraordinary scientific and technical resources to critical energy needs and will highlight early successes of the DOE's Energy Frontier Research Centers and promote collaboration across the national energy enterprise.

212

24 October 1994 PhysicsLetters A 194 (1994) 49-56  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Theoretical Physics and Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering

Dewar, Robert L.

213

Expanding the Frontiers of Visual Analytics and Visualization  

SciTech Connect

Expanding the Frontiers of Visual Analytics and Visualization contains international contributions by leading researchers from within the field. Dedicated to the memory of Jim Thomas, the book begins with the dynamics of evolving a vision based on some of the principles that Jim and colleagues established and in which Jims leadership was evident. This is followed by chapters in the areas of visual analytics, visualization, interaction, modelling, architecture, and virtual reality, before concluding with the key area of technology transfer to industry.

Dill, John; Earnshaw, Rae; Kasik, David; Vince, John; Wong, Pak C.

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Precision Searches for Physics Beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The "precision" frontier, which is closely related to the "intensity" frontier, provides a complementary path to the discovery of physics beyond the Standard Model. Several examples of discoveries that would change our view of the physical world are: Charged lepton flavor violation, e.g. muon electron conversion; the discovery of a permanent electric dipole moment of the electron, neutron, muon or a nucleus. In this paper I focus mostly on phenomena mediated by a dipole interaction, including the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon.

B. Lee Roberts

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

215

Report of the Quark Flavor Physics Working Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report represents the response of the Intensity Frontier Quark Flavor Physics Working Group to the Snowmass charge. We summarize the current status of quark flavor physics and identify many exciting future opportunities for studying the properties of strange, charm, and bottom quarks. The ability of these studies to reveal the effects of new physics at high mass scales make them an essential ingredient in a well-balanced experimental particle physics program.

Butler, J N; Ritchie, J L; Cirigliano, V; Kettell, S; Briere, R; Petrov, A A; Schwartz, A; Skwarnicki, T; Zupan, J; Christ, N; Sharpe, S R; Van de Water, R S; Altmannshofer, W; Arkani-Hamed, N; Artuso, M; Asner, D M; Bernard, C; Bevan, A J; Blanke, M; Bonvicini, G; Browder, T E; Bryman, D A; Campana, P; Cenci, R; Cline, D; Comfort, J; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Datta, A; Dobbs, S; Duraisamy, M; El-Khadra, A X; Fast, J E; Forty, R; Flood, K T; Gershon, T; Grossman, Y; Hamilton, B; Hill, C T; Hill, R J; Hitlin, D G; Jaffe, D E; Jawahery, A; Jessop, C P; Kagan, A L; Kaplan, D M; Kohl, M; Krizan, P; Kronfeld, A S; Lee, K; Littenberg, L S; MacFarlane, D B; Mackenzie, P B; Meadows, B T; Olsen, J; Papucci, M; Parsa, Z; Paz, G; Perez, G; Piilonen, L E; Pitts, K; Purohit, M V; Quinn, B; Ratcliff, B N; Roberts, D A; Rosner, J L; Rubin, P; Seeman, J; Seth, K K; Schmidt, B; Schopper, A; Sokoloff, M D; Soni, A; Stenson, K; Stone, S; Sundrum, R; Tschirhart, R; Vainshtein, A; Wah, Y W; Wilkinson, G; Wise, M B; Worcester, E; Xu, J; Yamanaka, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Courses on Beam Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam Physics Beam Physics The following is an incomplete listing of course available for beam physics. United States Particle Accelerator School The US Particle Accelerator School provides educational programs in the field of beams and their associated accelerator technologies not otherwise available to the community of science and technology. Joint Universities Accelerator School Each year JUAS provides a foundation course on accelerator physics and associated technologies. The US-CERN-Japan-Russia Joint Accelerator School The purpose of the US-CERN-Japan-Russia joint school is to better our relations by working together on an advanced topical course every two years, alternating between the U.S., western Europe, Japan and Russia. The last set of courses focused on the frontiers of accelerator technology in

217

DNA Looping in Prokaryotes: Experimental and Theoretical Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experimentally. Theoretical physics suggests additional advantages...formalism of statistical physics. Vilar and Leibler...repressor. If the switching rate is very slow, as in...described by theoretical physics that has now found its...allow a cell to rapidly pass from a genetic state...

Axel Cournac; Jacqueline Plumbridge

2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

218

Theoretical nuclear physics. 1998 progress report  

SciTech Connect

Summaries of progress made on the following topics are given: (1) nonresonant contributions to inelastic N{r_arrow}{Delta}(1232) parity violation; (2) neutron distribution effects in elastic nuclear parity violation; (3) Wilson RG for scalar-plus-fermion field theories at finite density; (4) Perturbation theory for spin ladders using angular momentum coupled bases; (5) mean-field theory for spin ladders using angular momentum density; (6) finite temperature renormalization group effective potentials for the linear Sigma model; (7) negative-parity baryon resonances from lattice QCD; (8) the N{r_arrow}{Delta} electromagnetic transition amplitudes from QCD sum rules; and (9) higher nucleon resonances in exclusive reactions ({gamma}, {pi}N) on nuclei.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Theoretical Physics and Dialectics of Nature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......an atom like the solar system was established...formation of the solar system was presented...important role in the production of "the atomic bomb...molecules - colloids - cells - organs - individuals...one governing the solar system is Newtonian...million years, the organic matters with simple......

Shoichi Sakata

1971-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all White Paper Writing Committee Elke C. Aschenauer Brookhaven National Laboratory William Brooks Universidad T´ ecnica Federico Santa Maria Abhay Deshpande 1 Stony Brook University Markus Diehl Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY Haiyan Gao Duke University Roy Holt Argonne National Laboratory Tanja Horn The Catholic University of America Andrew Hutton Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Yuri Kovchegov The Ohio State University Krishna Kumar University of Massachusetts, Amherst Zein-Eddine Meziani 1 Temple University Alfred Mueller Columbia University Jianwei Qiu 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory Michael Ramsey-Musolf University of Wisconsin Thomas Roser Brookhaven National Laboratory 1 Co-Editor 1 Franck Sabati´ e Commissariat ` a l' ´ Energie Atomique-Saclay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

EFRCs Home EFRCs Home Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Energy Frontier Research Centers As world demand for energy rapidly expands, transforming the way we generate, supply, transmit, store, and use energy will be one of the defining challenges for America and the globe in the 21st century. At its heart, the challenge is a scientific one. Important as they are, incremental advances in current energy technologies will not be sufficient. History has demonstrated that radically new technologies arise from disruptive advances at the science frontiers. The Energy Frontier Research Centers program aims to accelerate such transformative discovery, combining

222

DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers August 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - In a major effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the delivery of $377 million in funding for 46 new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) located at universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and private firms across the nation. "As global energy demand grows, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary Chu. "Meeting the challenge to reduce our dependence on

223

Secretary Bodman Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" Secretary Bodman Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" April 5, 2005 - 11:30am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today released the following statement regarding the "Frontier Line" announced by Governors Arnold Schwarzenegger (CA), Kenny Guinn (NV), Jon Huntsman (UT), and David Freudenthal (WY): "This proposal exhibits the boldness and innovation the West is traditionally known for, as well as the multi-state cooperation and big-picture thinking required to make regional markets thrive," Secretary Bodman said. "At the federal level, the President's comprehensive energy strategy that Congress will begin working on this week calls for upgrades to our electric grid to help prevent future brownouts or

224

Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moody to participate in "Frontiers of Engineering" Moody to participate in "Frontiers of Engineering" Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of Engineering" symposium Engineers between 30 to 45 who are performing exceptional engineering research and technical work in a variety of disciplines attend the 2-1/2 day event. August 22, 2012 Nathan Moody Nathan Moody Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email Nathan Moody, specialist in electromagnetic radiation, honored LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO, August 22, 2012-Nathan Moody of Los Alamos National Laboratory is among 78 of the nation's brightest young engineers selected for the National Academy of Engineering's (NAE) 18th annual U.S. Frontiers of Engineering symposium. Engineers between 30 to 45 who are

225

Exploring Frontiers in Kinetics and Mechanisms of Geochemical Processes at the Mineral/Water Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring Frontiers in Kinetics and Mechanisms of Geochemical Processes at the Mineral in the Earth's Critical Zone is the kinetics. The timescales for geochemical processes range from milliseconds geochemical processes including surface complexation, mineral transformations, and oxidation

Sparks, Donald L.

226

SMA and MACD combinations for stock investment decisions in frontier markets: evidence from Dubai financial market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most challenging financial decisions is when to buy and sell stocks. Frontier markets offer high profit opportunities but also have high risk. Consequently, technical analysis is used to assist in properly timing entry and exit points from stock trades. Previous research presented applications of technical analysis in developed and emerging markets since they, unlike frontier markets, exist in an environment of political stability, regulations, and liquidity. This paper shows how trade signals generated from Simple Moving Average (SMA) confirmed by Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) can be used to minimise trading risk in frontier markets such as Dubai Financial Market (DFM). The results show that the standard time-periods for SMA and MACD do not apply well to frontier markets and that trade signals generated from SMA and confirmed by signals generated from medium to long-term MACD or vice versa result in excellent hit ratios.

Hazim El-Baz; Ibrahim Al Awadhi; Assia Lasfer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Frontiers in Assessing the Role of Chemical Speciation and Natural Attenuation on the Bioavailability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Frontiers in Assessing the Role of Chemical Speciation and Natural Attenuation components. Applications of these techniques to assess metal and organic chemical sorption/release, natural widely employed to provide an indirect assessment ofchemical speciation and association ofcontaminants

Sparks, Donald L.

228

LALP-07-023 Spring 2007 he opportunity to explore new scientific frontiers awaits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LALP-07-023 Spring 2007 T he opportunity to explore new scientific frontiers awaits users, with forces so far beyond the material strengths that the simplistic coil is destroyed with each pulse

229

DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

77 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research 77 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers August 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - In a major effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the delivery of $377 million in funding for 46 new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) located at universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and private firms across the nation. "As global energy demand grows, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary Chu. "Meeting the challenge to reduce our dependence on

230

EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center' was submitted by the EFRC for Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (EFRC:CST) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFRC:CST is directed by Xiaoyang Zhu at the University of Texas at Austin in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Zhu, Xiaoyang (Director, Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials); CST Staff

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

231

Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, has funded the INL as one of the Energy Frontier Research Centers in the area of material science of nuclear fuels. This document is the required annual report to the Office of Science that outlines the accomplishments for the period of May 2010 through April 2011. The aim of the Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuels (CMSNF) is to establish the foundation for predictive understanding of the effects of irradiation-induced defects on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels. The science driver of the centers investigation is to understand how complex defect and microstructures affect phonon mediated thermal transport in UO2, and achieve this understanding for the particular case of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures. The centers research thus includes modeling and measurement of thermal transport in oxide fuels with different levels of impurities, lattice disorder and irradiation-induced microstructure, as well as theoretical and experimental investigation of the evolution of disorder, stoichiometry and microstructure in nuclear fuel under irradiation. With the premise that thermal transport in irradiated UO2 is a phonon-mediated energy transport process in a crystalline material with defects and microstructure, a step-by-step approach will be utilized to understand the effects of types of defects and microstructures on the collective phonon dynamics in irradiated UO2. Our efforts under the thermal transport thrust involved both measurement of diffusive phonon transport (an approach that integrates over the entire phonon spectrum) and spectroscopic measurements of phonon attenuation/lifetime and phonon dispersion. Our distinct experimental efforts dovetail with our modeling effort involving atomistic simulation of phonon transport and prediction of lattice thermal conductivity using the Boltzmann transport framework.

Todd R. Allen, Director

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

theoretical and applied fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theoretical and applied fracture mechanics ELSEVIER Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics 00 and Applied Fracture Mechanics 00 (1995) 000-000 Recently, some European countries developed defect specific. A suitable probabilistic fracture mechanic

Cizelj, Leon

233

Mid-continent rift system: a frontier hydrocarbon province  

SciTech Connect

The Mid-continent rift system can be traced by the Mid-continent geophysical anomaly (MGA) from the surface exposure of the Keweenawan Supergroup in the Lake Superior basin southwest in the subsurface through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Outcrop and well penetrations of the late rift Keweenawan sedimentary rocks reveal sediments reflecting a characteristic early continental rift clastic sequence, including alluvial fans, deep organic-rich basins, and prograding fluvial plains. Sedimentary basins where these early rift sediments are preserved can be located by upward continuation of the aeromagnetic profiles across the rift trend and by gravity models. Studies of analog continental rifts and aulacogens show that these gravity models should incorporate (1) a deep mafic rift pillow body to create the narrow gravity high of the MGA, and (2) anomalously thick crust to account for the more regional gravity low. Preserved accumulations of rift clastics in central rift positions can then be modeled to explain the small scale notches which are found within the narrow gravity high. Indigenous oil in Keweenawan sediments in the outcrop area and coaly partings in the subsurface penetrations of the Keweenawan clastics support the analogy between these rift sediments and the exceptionally organic-rich sediments of the East African rift. COCORP data across the rift trend in Kansas show layered deep reflectors and large structures. There is demonstrable source, reservoir, and trap potential within the Keweenawan trend, making the Mid-Continent rift system a frontier hydrocarbon province.

Lee, C.K.; Kerr, S.D. Jr.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Mid-Continent rift system: a frontier hydrocarbon province  

SciTech Connect

The Mid-Continent rift system can be traced by the Mid-Continent geophysical anomaly (MGA) from the surface exposure of the Keweenawan Supergroup in the Lake Superior basin southwest in the subsurface through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Outcrop and well penetrations of the late rift Keweenawan sedimentary rocks reveal sediments reflecting a characteristic early continental rift clastic sequence, including alluvial fans, deep organic-rich basins, and prograding fluvial plains. Sedimentary basins where these early rift sediments are preserved can be located by upward continuation of the aeromagnetic profiles across the rift trend and by gravity models. Studies of analog continental rifts and aulacogens show that these gravity models should incorporate (1) a deep mafic rift pillow body to create the narrow gravity high of the MGA, and (2) anomalously thick crust to account for the more regional gravity low. Preserved accumulations of rift clastics in central rift positions can then be modeled to explain the small scale notches which are found within the narrow gravity high. Indigenous oil in Keweenawan sediments in the outcrop area and coaly partings in the subsurface penetrations of the Keweenawan clastics support the analogy between these rift sediments and the exceptionally organic-rich sediments of the East African rift. COCORP data across the rift trend in Kansas show layered deep reflectors and large structures. There is demonstrable source, reservoir, and trap potential within the Keweenawan trend, making the Mid-Continent rift system a frontier hydrocarbon province.

Lee, C.K.; Kerr, S.D. Jr.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Ohio State's researchers to collaborate on three new Ohio Third Frontier photovoltaics grants Ohio State's Institute for Materials Research (IMR) is the central collaborator on three Ohio Third Frontier Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohio State's researchers to collaborate on three new Ohio Third Frontier photovoltaics grants Ohio Photovoltaics Program (PVP) projects recommended for funding by the Ohio Third Frontier Commission. The goal of the PVP is to accelerate the development and growth of the photovoltaics industry in Ohio by supporting

236

Brookhaven Physics: Into the Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics: Into the Future Physics: Into the Future To remain at the frontier of science, Brookhaven is continually evaluating its research programs and planning new or revised investigations in areas that the U.S. Department of Energy identifies as national science priorities and that make use of Brookhaven scientists' interests and strengths. STAR detector (L) and PHENIX detector After discovering quark-gluon plasma, physicists will proceed to measure details of its many intriguing characteristics and properties, and continue to investigate many other aspects of heavy ion physics and spin physics. To undertake these tasks, Brookhaven is planning to upgrade RHIC to RHIC-II by increasing the facility's luminosity, or collision rate, by a factor of ten, thereby increasing the rate of plasma production and the ability to

237

Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics Laboratoire national canadien pour la recherche en physique nuclaire et en physique des particules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRIUMF Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics Laboratoire national canadien physics, and jointly sponsored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), the Nuclear frontier, be it high-energy physics, astrophysics, material science, or nuclear medicine. It goes without

238

NERSC HEP Requirements Review Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study: Lattice Gauge Theory Calculations Doug Toussaint, Steven Gottlieb, Richard Brower Energy and Intensity Frontiers: Theory 11:10 Case Study: Theoretical Particle Physics...

239

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Physics in Moscow, Russia. Read more Frontier Science Result: DES The Dark Energy Survey looks at massive galaxy clusters - and finds filaments With data from the new...

240

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the 4(n squared) light-trapping factor that is in worldwide use for almost all commercial solar panels. This factor increased the theoretical limits and practical efficiency of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Information theoretical characterization of turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method of describing turbulence in terms of dynamical connectivity in the wave-number space is proposed. The connectivity is quantified by the information theoretical quantities, i.e., mutual information and cross information flow rate. This method is applied to the analysis of two simple examples of turbulence in one spatial dimension. Although the examples have quite different physical origins, the information structures of the wave-number space turn out to be quite similar: The wave-number space consists of several regions generating information in different ways, and how information flows between these regions reflects the dynamical structure of turbulence.

K. Ikeda and K. Matsumoto

1989-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

242

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source May 2, 2012 - 3:59pm Addthis Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. The United States has an abundance of this untapped resource - methane hydrates are found in and under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world. Today, we're announcing that the Department of Energy, along with the

243

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source May 2, 2012 - 3:59pm Addthis Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. The United States has an abundance of this untapped resource - methane hydrates are found in and under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world. Today, we're announcing that the Department of Energy, along with the

244

TransForum v9n2 - Energy Frontier Research Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Frontier Research Centers Promise Advances in Transportation Technologies Energy Frontier Research Centers Promise Advances in Transportation Technologies IACT The solid-electrolyte interface is a critical component in electrochemical energy storage. Because of the high reactivity between the electrolyte and the electrodes at the SEI interface, Li-ion batteries show limited calendar and cycle life--less than two years, which is much lower than the 15 years required for enabling this technology in vehicles. CEES The platinum particle is interacting with a molecule of propanol. The propanol is a gas phase surrogate for the heavier cellulose materials that are the focus of one of Argonne's Energy Frontier Research Centers, the Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science recently

245

Physics Folklore  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Folklore Physics Folklore By Lynne Zielinski       Sometime after World War II physicists began to change their way of giving names to theoretical ideas. Before then, new ideas were given titles such as "special relativity theory" or "neutrons." A precursor of the new kinds of names came in 1953 when Murray Gell-Mann and Kazuhiko Hishijima decided to name one of the properties of subatomic particles "strangeness." Gell-Mann accelerated the trend in 1961 by calling his group-theoretic way of explaining the properties of particles "The Eightfold Way." Gell-Mann's crazy names finally reached the consciousness of the general public in 1964 when he described the particles involved in the next stage of his thinking as "quarks." p. 508, source B

246

Implications of Theoretical Ideas Regarding Cold Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lot of theoretical ideas have been floated to explain the so called cold fusion phenomenon. I look at a large subset of these and study further physical implications of the concepts involved. I suggest that these can be tested by other independent physical means. Because of the significance of these the experimentalists are urged to look for these signatures. The results in turn will be important for a better understanding and hence control of the cold fusion phenomenon.

Afsar Abbas

1995-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

247

Transverse Spin Physics: Recent Developments  

SciTech Connect

Transverse-spin physics has been very active and rapidly developing in the last few years. In this talk, I will briefly summarize recent theoretical developments, focusing on the associated QCD dynamics in transverse spin physics.

Yuan, Feng

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

Physics Needs for Future Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contents: 1. Prologomena to any meta future physics 1.1 Physics needs for building future accelerators 1.2 Physics needs for funding future accelerators 2. Physics questions for future accelerators 2.1 Crimes and misapprehensions 2.1.1 Organized religion 2.1.2 Feudalism 2.1.3 Trotsky was right 2.2 The Standard Model as an effective field theory 2.3 What is the scale of new physics? 2.4 What could be out there? 2.5 Model-independent conclusions 3. Future accelerators 3.1 What is the physics driving the LHC? 3.2 What is the physics driving the LC? 3.2.1 Higgs physics is golden 3.2.2 LHC won't be sufficient to unravel the new physics as the TeV scale 3.2.3 LC precision measurements can pin down new physics scales 3.3 Why a Neutrino Factory? 3.4 Pushing the energy frontier

Joseph D. Lykken

2000-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

249

Frontiers In Science public lectures: Harvesting energy from...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory...

250

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at Urbana-Champaign Eli Yablonovitch The Multi-Spectral Opto-Electronic Physics of Solar Cells, Efficiencies >30% Eli Yablonovitch, UC Berkeley lmi logo Panel Discussion:...

251

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collaborator Albert Polman are awarded the Eni Award in Renewable and Nonconventional Energy Harry A. Atwater, Jr., Howard Hughes Professor and Professor of Applied Physics and...

252

Excited About Excitons (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'Excited about Excitons' was submitted by the Center for Excitonics to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'outstanding portrayal of young scientists'. The Center for Excitonics, an EFRC directed by Marc Baldo at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: MIT (lead), Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Harvard University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Excitonics is 'to understand the transport of charge carriers in synthetic disordered systems, which hold promise as new materials for conversion of solar energy to electricity and electrical energy storage.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, solid state lighting, photosynthesis, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, defect tolerant materials, scalable processing, and self-assembly.

Baldo, Marc (Director, Center for Excitonics) [Director, Center for Excitonics; Center for Excitonics Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

Saving the Sun for a Rainy Day (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Saving the Sun for a Rainy Day' was submitted by the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis (CME) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CME, an EFRC directed by R. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: PNNL (lead), Pensylvania State University, University of Washington, and the University of Wyoming. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis is 'to understand, design and develop molecular electrocatalysts for solar fuel production and use.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, fuel cells, hydrogen (fuel), matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and charge transport.

Bullock, R. Morris (Director, Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis); CME Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

255

UNC EFRC: Fuels from Sunlight (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Fuels from Sunlight' was submitted by the University of North Carolina (UNC) EFRC: Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. The UNC EFRC directed by Thomas J. Meyer is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: UNC (lead), Duke University, University of Florida, North Caroline Central University, North Carolina State University, and the Research Triangle Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics is 'to combine the best features of academic and translational research to study light/matter interactions and chemical processes for the efficient collection, transfer, and conversion of solar energy into chemical fuels and electricity.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, hydrocarbons, water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, fuel cells, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhosue gas, hydrogen (fuel), interfacial characterization, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Meyer, Thomas J. (Director, UNC EFRC: Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics); UNC EFRC Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

256

NONLINEAR AERODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF BRIDGES UNDER TURBULENT WINDS: THE NEW FRONTIER IN BRIDGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NONLINEAR AERODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF BRIDGES UNDER TURBULENT WINDS: THE NEW FRONTIER IN BRIDGE AERODYNAMICS Xinzhong Chen , Ahsan Kareem and Fred L. Haan, Jr. ¡ Department of Civil Engineering. These approaches are limited to linear structures in which nonlinearities in aerodynamic forces are ignored

Kareem, Ahsan

257

Exploring the Frontiers of Burning Science Dale Meade and the FIRE Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring the Frontiers of Burning Science Dale Meade and the FIRE Team ITC-12 / APFA '01 Meeting, and it produces negligible nuclear waste or pollutants." What should we do to be ready? By end of January conduct the base fusion sciences program 2. Directs DOE to submit a plan for construction of a U.S. Burning Plasma

258

Nanoscience This course explores the frontiers of science on the nanoscale. Many developing 21st  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoscience MSc/PgDip This course explores the frontiers of science on the nanoscale. Many and behaviours of systems in this submicrometrescale size domain. The multidisciplinary nature of nanoscience. The projects take place primarily in research labs associated with nanoscience located in the University

Strathclyde, University of

259

The Final Frontier for Humanity by Dr L S Chan, Department of Earth Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Final Frontier for Humanity by Dr L S Chan, Department of Earth Sciences "Fossil fuels supply treatment, air and water pollution, species extinctions, climatic calamities, sea level rises solutions for any of these problems yet. Development requires resources and generates wastes. Earth

Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

260

Vision Statement for Plant Physiology Comparative Plant Genomics. Frontiers and Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vision Statement for Plant Physiology Comparative Plant Genomics. Frontiers and Prospects Ana L function and evolution at various levels of biological organiza- tion. The availability of whole-genome sequences as well as other genomic resources (e.g. microarray meth- ods, expressed sequence tag [EST

Purugganan, Michael D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control Yuvraj Agarwal, Bharathan the dominant energy consumer is the HVAC system. Despite this fact, in most buildings the HVAC system is run sensing to guide the operation of a building HVAC system. We show how we can enable aggressive duty

Simunic, Tajana

262

FRONTIERS ARTICLE Fundamentals of energy transport, energy conversion, and thermal properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRONTIERS ARTICLE Fundamentals of energy transport, energy conversion, and thermal properties, thermoelectrics, and photovoltaics. However, energy transport and conversion, at the organic­inorganic interface and as an energy conversion technology. Aviram and Ratner's revolutionary suggestion that molecules could behave

Malen, Jonathan A.

263

Advancing the Frontiers in Nanocatalysis, Biointerfaces, and Renewable Energy Conversion by Innovations of Surface Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advancing the Frontiers in Nanocatalysis, Biointerfaces, and Renewable Energy Conversion by Innovations of Surface Techniques ... (80-86) These energetic electrons that are not in thermal equilibrium with the metal atoms are called hot electrons. ... The activation energies are 22-33 kcal/mol, close to the desorption energy of CO from these surfaces. ...

Gabor A. Somorjai; Heinz Frei; Jeong Y. Park

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

264

Byzantine naval power and trade: the collapse of the western frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the eleventh century A.D., the Byzantine Empire witnessed a number of military and political disasters. One of the most significant of these was the collapse of the western frontier and final loss of southern Italy in 1071. However...

Scafuri, Michael Phillip

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research Volume 1 | Number 1 Article 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improvement plans. Since these activities are fundamental aspects of accreditation and health reformFrontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research Volume 1 | Number 1 Article 6 4-17-2012 Patterns of Interaction Among Local Public Health Officials and the Adoption of Recommended Practices

Sadeh, Norman M.

266

Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT)- 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Closed Total DOE Funding: $14 million Deadline: April 21, 2014 This funding opportunity intends to advance innovative, energy-efficient technologies, approaches, and design tools for commercial and/or residential buildings. The funding opportunity covers two focus areas, Incubators and Frontiers (Innovations).

267

Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT)- 2015 Funding Opportunity Announcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Deadline for Concept Papers: November 10, 2014, 5:00 PM ET This Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Innovations Technologies (BENEFIT) 2015 FOA contributes to advancement in two core technological areas: non-vapor compression HVAC technologies and advanced vapor compression HVAC technologies.

268

Frontiers: Research highlights 1946-1996 [50th Anniversary Edition. Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This special edition of 'Frontiers' commemorates Argonne National Laboratory's 50th anniversary of service to science and society. America's first national laboratory, Argonne has been in the forefront of U.S. scientific and technological research from its beginning. Past accomplishments, current research, and future plans are highlighted.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Theoretical analysis of ARC constriction  

SciTech Connect

The physics of the thermionic converter is governed by strong electrode-plasma interactions (emissions surface scattering, charge exchange) and weak interactions (diffusion, radiation) at the maximum interelectrode plasma radius. The physical processes are thus mostly convective in thin sheaths in front of the electrodes and mostly diffusive and radiative in the plasma bulk. The physical boundaries are open boundaries to particle transfer (electrons emitted or absorbed by the electrodes, all particles diffusing through some maximum plasma radius) and to convective, conductive and radiative heat transfer. In a first approximation the thermionic converter may be described by a one-dimensional classical transport theory. The two-dimensional effects may be significant as a result of the sheath sensitivity to radial plasma variations and of the strong sheath-plasma coupling. The current-voltage characteristic of the converter is thus the result of an integrated current density over the collector area for which the boundary conditions at each r determine the regime (ignited/unignited) of the local current density. A current redistribution strongly weighted at small radii (arc constriction) limits the converter performance and opens questions on constriction reduction possibilities. The questions addressed are the followng: (1) what are the main contributors to the loss of current at high voltage in the thermionic converter; and (2) is arc constriction observable theoretically and what are the conditions of its occurrence. The resulting theoretical problem is formulated and results are given. The converter electrical current is estimated directly from the electron and ion particle fluxes based on the spatial distribution of the electron/ion density n, temperatures T/sub e/, T/sub i/, electrical voltage V and on the knowledge of the transport coefficients. (WHK)

Stoenescu, M.L.; Brooks, A.W.; Smith, T.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Physical Biosciences | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Physical Biosciences Physical Biosciences Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Biosciences Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area combines experimental and computational tools from the physical sciences with biochemistry and molecular biology. A fundamental understanding of the complex processes that convert and store energy in living systems is sought. Research supported includes studies that investigate the mechanisms by which energy transduction systems are assembled and maintained, the processes that regulate energy-relevant

271

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for High Energy Physics for High Energy Physics Accelerator Physics P. Spentzouris, Fermilab Motivation Accelerators enable many important applications, both in basic research and applied sciences Different machine attributes are emphasized for different applications * Different particle beams and operation principles * Different energies and intensities Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide spectrum of requirements for very complex instruments. Assisting their design and operation requires an equally complex set of computational tools. High Energy Physics Priorities High energy frontier * Use high-energy colliders to discover new particles and

272

LANL | Physics | Nuclear Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leaders in nuclear physics Physics Division scientists and engineers play an important role in the Laboratory's Nuclear Physics program, funded by the Department of Energy's Office...

273

Particle Physics Education Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

쭺-¶ 쭺-¶ Particle Physics Education Sites ¡]¥H¤U¬°¥~¤åºô¯¸¡^ quick reference Education and Information - National Laboratory Education Programs - Women and Minorities in Physics - Other Physics Sites - Physics Alliance - Accelerators at National Laboratories icon Particle Physics Education and Information sites: top Introduction: The Particle Adventure - an interactive tour of particle physics for everyone: the basics of theory and experiment. Virtual Visitor Center of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Guided Tour of Fermilab, - overviews of several aspects of Particle Physics. Also check out Particle Physics concepts. Probing Particles - a comprehensive and straight-forward introduction to particle physics. Big Bang Science - approaches particle physics starting from the theoretical origin of the universe.

274

Higgs boson and beyond: the quest for new laws of physics discussed at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Frontiers in Science lectures Higgs boson and beyond: the quest for new laws of physics discussed at Frontiers in Science lectures The lecture series is intended to increase local public awareness of the diversity of science and engineering research at the Laboratory. October 24, 2012 A candidate Higgs event from a proton-proton collision at the ATLAS experiment, producing two electrons (short blue tracks) and two muons (long blue tracks). A candidate Higgs event from a proton-proton collision at the ATLAS experiment, producing two electrons (short blue tracks) and two muons (long blue tracks). Image courtesy of ATLAS Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 24, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) scientist Michael Graesser describes what we know about the Higgs boson

275

Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities » Opportunities » Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Promoting and supporting high-quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science. Contact Director Harald Dogliani (505) 663-5309 Email Deputy and Signatures Jon Schoonover (505) 665-0772 Email Professional Staff Assistant Georgia Sanchez (505) 663-5291 Email Astophysics and Cosmology Ed Fenimore (505) 667-7371 Email Climate Manvendra K. Dubey (505) 665-3128 Email Geophysics Scott Baldridge (505) 667-4338 Email Space Physics Josef Koller (505) 665-7395 Email Expanding the frontiers of astrophysical, space, earth, and climate sciences and their signatures The Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures at Los

276

APPLIED PHYSICS APPLIED PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MSc APPLIED PHYSICS #12;MSc APPLIED PHYSICS This taught Masters course is based on the strong research in Applied Physics in the University's Department of Physics. The department has an impressive photonics and quantum optics, Physics and the Life Sciences, and solid state physics. The knowledge gained

Mottram, Nigel

277

Physics of Binary Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic concepts of theoretical particle physics, including quantum mechanics and Poincar\\'e invariance, the leptonic mass spectrum and the proton mass, can be derived, without reference to first principles, from intrinsic properties of the simplest elements of information represented by binary data. What we comprehend as physical reality is, therefore, a reflection of mathematically determined logical structures, built from elements of binary data.

Walter Smilga

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

278

Entrepreneurship: theoretical considerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Entrepreneurship by its very nature concerns activity and action on the part of people to create new ventures. While much has been written about entrepreneurial needs such as a business plan, accounting, and raising capital, little has been written exploring the theoretical context of entrepreneurship. Furthermore, little is known about how to provide a philosophical context for teaching the practical everyday tools and skills to people aspiring to be entrepreneurs. The paper explores these issues whilst drawing upon some traditional economic theory and combining it with theoretical perspectives from linguistics and networks. The combination is an integrated theoretical perspective that argues for a qualitative approach to entrepreneurship. With such a philosophical construct, entrepreneurial activities and the people behind them can be better understood.

Woodrow W. Clark Jr.; Olav Jull Sorensen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

NREL: Energy Sciences - Theoretical Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Materials Science Solid-State Theory Materials Science Hydrogen Technology & Fuel Cells Process Technology & Advanced Concepts Research Staff Computational Science Printable Version Theoretical Materials Science Learn about our research staff including staff profiles, publications, and contact information. Using modern computational techniques, the Theoretical Materials Science Group, within NREL's Chemical and Materials Science Center, applies quantum mechanics to complex materials, yielding quantitative predictions to guide and interact with experimental explorations. Current research focuses on the following efforts: Design new photovoltaic materials that can improve solar cell efficiency and reduce its cost. Explain the underlying physics of new

280

Carbon in Underland (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Carbon in Underland' was submitted by the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'entertaining animation and engaging explanations of carbon sequestration'. NCGC, an EFRC directed by Donald J. DePaolo at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from seven institutions: LBNL (lead) Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of California, Davis, Ohio State University, and Washington University in St. Louis. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO{sub 2} is 'to use new investigative tools, combined with experiments and computer simulations, to build a fundamental understanding of molecular-to-pore-scale processes in fluid-rock systems, and to demonstrate the ability to control critical aspects of flow, transport, and mineralization in porous rock media as applied to geologic sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Research topics are: bio-inspired, CO{sub 2} (store), greenhouse gas, and interfacial characterization.

DePaolo, Donald J. (Director, Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2); NCGC Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Light Matters (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'Light Matters' was submitted by the Center for Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'striking photography and visual impact'. LMI, an EFRC directed by Harry Atwater at the California Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: CalTech (lead), University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion is 'to tailor the morphology, complex dielectric structure, and electronic properties of matter to sculpt the flow of sunlight, enabling light conversion to electrical and chemical energy with unprecedented efficiency.' Research topics are: catalysis (imines hydrocarbons), solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solid state lighting, metamaterial, optics, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, photsynthesis, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, and matter by design.

Atwater, Harry (Director, Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI), California Institute of Technology) [Director, Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI), California Institute of Technology; LMI Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Light Matters (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Light Matters' was submitted by the Center for Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'striking photography and visual impact'. LMI, an EFRC directed by Harry Atwater at the California Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: CalTech (lead), University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion is 'to tailor the morphology, complex dielectric structure, and electronic properties of matter to sculpt the flow of sunlight, enabling light conversion to electrical and chemical energy with unprecedented efficiency.' Research topics are: catalysis (imines hydrocarbons), solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solid state lighting, metamaterial, optics, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, photsynthesis, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, and matter by design.

Atwater, Harry (Director, Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI), California Institute of Technology); LMI Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

283

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a strong program of research in theoretical nuclear physics,Research 12.1 Overview The Nuclear Physics programan extensive program of experimental research in nuclear

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Frontiers of Astronomy Science versus Cancer Electrons in Action Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... state of astronomical knowledge in most of its branches. There is a chapter on the solar system, two on stars in general, another on ... system, two on stars in general, another on solar physics; novae and cepheid variables are not neglected, and galaxies, nebulae and the ...

J. A. CROWTHER

1947-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

285

Journal of Theoretical Biology ] (  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Uganda as of September 14, 2003 (CDC, 2003b; WHO, 2003a). Two different strains of the Ebola virus (Ebola-Zaire and the Ebola-Sudan) have been reported in those regions. Despite extensive search, the reservoir of the EbolaJournal of Theoretical Biology ] (

Chowell, Gerardo

286

EBSD Images Theoretical Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivation EBSD Images Theoretical Background Defects in the Weld Grain Growth Low Speed Welding High Speed Welding Conclusion Heat-Affected Zone Observations Welding Experiments The low density in the transportation industries. Reproducibility and the low cost make welding a major large scale assembly process

Candea, George

287

ScienceTheoretical Experimental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphics · Operating Systems Design · Computer Networks · Computer architecture · Parallel processors and processing · Multiprocessor architecture · Interconnection networks in parallel computers · Numerical Linear#12;· · · ScienceTheoretical Experimental Computational #12;Discipline Specific Knowledge

288

Chemistry & Physics at Interfaces | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxide Interfaces Chemical Imaging Grain Boundaries Related Research Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces SHARE Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces Chemical transformations and physical phenomena at gas, liquid and solid interfaces lie at the heart of today's energy technologies. They underpin ORNL's research strategies to deliver scientific discoveries and technical breakthroughs that will accelerate the development and deployment of solutions in clean energy. Understanding, predicting and controlling the structure, transport and reactivity at interfaces will lead to advances in

289

ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose Name Project Role Affiliation University Project Title Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Liu, Xingbo PI WVU Chen, Ting Graduate Student WVU Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Xing, Dazun Post Doc Pitt Baled, Hseen Grad Student Pitt Anderson, Brian PI WVU Velaga, Srinath Grad Student WVU Equation of State Model Assessment and development Evaluate Heavy Oil Viscosity Standard Quantifying complex fluid- phase properties at high pressure/high temperature (HTHP) Experimental and numerical evaluation of key metal-based failures Plume Modeling for High- pressure Water Tunnel Facility Name Title Affiliation Rose, Kelly Geologist

290

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LHC Computing LHC Computing Computing The discovery of new physics at CMS depends upon the successful processing and storage of an unprecedented amount of data. Each year, the detector will produce more than one petabyte - 1 million gigabytes - of raw data. The experiment will produce even larger amounts of simulated data, which is necessary for understanding the performance of the detector and what signals from new physics will look like in the collected data. All of this data must be processed, stored, transmitted to physicists around the world and analyzed. To cope with these demands, CMS and other LHC experiments are pursuing a distributed computing solution. In this tiered system, the CERN computing center is responsible for doing a first-pass processing of the collision

291

Fermilab Facts:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

program pushes forward on three interrelated frontiers of particle physics: the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier and the Cosmic Frontier. * Fermilab experiments at...

292

Gas Phase Chemical Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Gas Phase Chemical Physics Gas Phase Chemical Physics Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Gas Phase Chemical Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Gas Phase Chemical Physics (GPCP) research emphasizes studies of the dynamics and rates of chemical reactions at energies characteristic of combustion, and the chemical and physical properties of key combustion intermediates. The overall aim is the development of a fundamental understanding of chemical reactivity enabling validated theories, models and computational tools for predicting rates, products, and dynamics of

293

Physics Today November 2003 Issues and Events http://www.aip.org/pt/vol56/iss11/p22.shtml 1 of 5 05/20/2004 04:22 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­called energy frontier of particle physics. And the Tevatron will retain that unique status for another five high­energy game in town, the US particle­physics community and its funders are particularly anxious Products advertised Place an ad Buyers' guide About us Contact us Submit press release American Institute

294

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator & Detector Technology at the LHC Accelerator & Detector Technology at the LHC Accelerator Fermilab, in collaboration with CERN and the KEK laboratory in Japan, designed and constructed the inner triplet magnet systems that focus the proton beams just before they enter the four main LHC experiments to increase their chances of colliding. Fermilab and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory designed and constructed eight cryogenic and power-feed boxes that support the final-focus systems. Scientists from Fermilab also helped carry out accelerator physics calculations in support of the design of the LHC. Fermilab has contributed to the design of equipment to improve performance of the LHC and to the commissioning of the collider. Detector Hadron calorimeter and electromagnet calorimeter Fermilab scientists, technicians and engineers helped lead the

295

Magnetized dusty plasmas: the next frontier for complex plasma research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the role of magnetic fields in dusty (complex) plasma experiments. It first provides a description of the conditions necessary for a dusty plasma to become fully magnetized. The paper then briefly reviews a series of experimental studies that illustrate how magnetic fields are applied to dusty plasmasfrom experiments that use magnetic fields to control the background plasma to those that have strong enough magnetic fields to directly modify the confinement and dynamics of the charged microparticles. The paper will then discuss the newest experiment that is currently under development at Auburn University, the magnetized dusty plasma experiment device. The paper concludes with a discussion of important outstanding physics and technical issues that will define the next generation of experiments.

E Thomas Jr; R L Merlino; M Rosenberg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A Staged Muon Accelerator Facility For Neutrino and Collider Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon-based facilities offer unique potential to provide capabilities at both the Intensity Frontier with Neutrino Factories and the Energy Frontier with Muon Colliders. They rely on a novel technology with challenging parameters, for which the feasibility is currently being evaluated by the Muon Accelerator Program (MAP). A realistic scenario for a complementary series of staged facilities with increasing complexity and significant physics potential at each stage has been developed. It takes advantage of and leverages the capabilities already planned for Fermilab, especially the strategy for long-term improvement of the accelerator complex being initiated with the Proton Improvement Plan (PIP-II) and the Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF). Each stage is designed to provide an R&D platform to validate the technologies required for subsequent stages. The rationale and sequence of the staging process and the critical issues to be addressed at each stage, are presented.

Delahaye, Jean-Pierre; Brice, Stephen; Bross, Alan David; Denisov, Dmitri; Eichten, Estia; Holmes, Stephen; Lipton, Ronald; Neuffer, David; Palmer, Mark Alan; Bogacz, S Alex; Huber, Patrick; Kaplan, Daniel M; Snopok, Pavel; Kirk, Harold G; Palmer, Robert B; Ryne, Robert D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Final Report: Particle Physics Research Program  

SciTech Connect

We describe recent progress in accelerator-based experiments in high-energy particle physics and progress in theoretical investigations in particle physics. We also describe future plans in these areas.

Karchin, Paul E.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

(1) Elements and Electrons (2) Radium and Radioactivity (3) A Handbook of Physics (4) A Course of Physics, Practical and Theoretical (5) La Thorie des Ions et l'Electrolyse (6) Lehrbuch der Optik Dritte erweiterte Auflage (7) Electricity and Its Practical Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is the sole subject. The author takes the very reasonable view that some knowledge of physics and chemistry must be assumed in the reader, but the calls on this knowledge ... the truth of the matter. It is so often found that a new book on physics merely consists of previous works plus a few modifications and additions. Here, however, ...

1913-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

299

Research in High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

This final report details the work done from January 2010 until April 2013 in the area of experimental and theoretical high energy particle physics and cosmology at the University of California, Davis.

Conway, John S.

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

300

Lyoluminescence: A theoretical approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When strongly energized halide or organic crystals are dissolved in a liquid solvent (like water), light is emitted as a result of a recombination process. This phenomenon is called lyoluminescence. The emitted light intensity, called the lyoluminescent intensity, depends on a class of factors like radiation dose, probability of radiative recombination, rate of dissolution in the solvent, etc. Combining some of these numerous effects we develop a nonlinear differential equation and analyze it by a dynamical system analysis as well as by exact numerical integration. The corresponding plot of the theoretical lyoluminescent intensity versus time graph, called the glow curve (Fig. (11)), matches very well with the shape of the experimental curve (Fig. (22)) for a vast range of characteristic values of the controlling parameters.

Amit Kr. Chattopadhyay; G. S. Mahapatra; Pinaki Chaudhury

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Elementary Particle Physics Experiment at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

SciTech Connect

In this progress report we summarize the activities of the University of Massachusetts- Amherst group for the three years of this research project. We are fully engaged in research at the energy frontier with the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We have made leading contributions in software development and performance studies for the ATLAS Muon Spectrometer, as well as on physics analysis with an emphasis on Standard Model measurements and searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. In addition, we have increased our contributions to the Muon Spectrometer New Small Wheel upgrade project.

Brau, Benjamin; Dallapiccola, Carlo; Willocq, Stephane

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Physics Division annual review, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report contains brief discusses on topics in the following areas: Research at atlas; operation and development of atlas; medium-energy nuclear physics and weak interactions; theoretical nuclear physics; and atomic and molecular physics research.

Henning, W.F.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

New physics at the LHC.  

SciTech Connect

With the LHC up and running, the focus of experimental and theoretical high energy physics will soon turn to an interpretation of LHC data in terms of the physics of electroweak symmetry breaking and the TeV scale. We present here a broad review of models for new TeV-scale physics and their LHC signatures. In addition, we discuss possible new physics signatures and describe how they can be linked to specific models of physics beyond the Standard Model. Finally, we illustrate how the LHC era could culminate in a detailed understanding of the underlying principles of TeV-scale physics.

Morrissey, D. E.; Plehn, T.; Tait, T. M. P. (High Energy Physics); (TRIUMF); (Harvard Univ); (Univ. of Heidelberg); (Univ. of California at Irvine); (Northwestern Univ.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

ANNUAL WINTER SCHOOLANNUAL WINTER SCHOOL Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANNUAL WINTER SCHOOLANNUAL WINTER SCHOOL Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute National Research February ­ 1 March, 2014 Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) conducts the XLVIII Annual Winter Physics · Theoretical Physics School · School on Nuclear Reactor Physics · Accelerator Physics School

Titov, Anatoly

305

Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and success  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EDITORIAL Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and successof areas in theoretical ecology. Among the highlights areyear represent theoretical ecology from around the world: 20

Hastings, Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Characterization and fluid flow simulation of naturally fractured Frontier sandstone, Green River Basin, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

Significant gas reserves are present in low-permeability sandstones of the Frontier Formation in the greater Green River Basin, Wyoming. Successful exploitation of these reservoirs requires an understanding of the characteristics and fluid-flow response of the regional natural fracture system that controls reservoir productivity. Fracture characteristics were obtained from outcrop studies of Frontier sandstones at locations in the basin. The fracture data were combined with matrix permeability data to compute an anisotropic horizontal permeability tensor (magnitude and direction) corresponding to an equivalent reservoir system in the subsurface using a computational model developed by Oda (1985). This analysis shows that the maximum and minimum horizontal permeability and flow capacity are controlled by fracture intensity and decrease with increasing bed thickness. However, storage capacity is controlled by matrix porosity and increases linearly with increasing bed thickness. The relationship between bed thickness and the calculated fluid-flow properties was used in a reservoir simulation study of vertical, hydraulically-fractured and horizontal wells and horizontal wells of different lengths in analogous naturally fractured gas reservoirs. The simulation results show that flow capacity dominates early time production, while storage capacity dominates pressure support over time for vertical wells. For horizontal wells drilled perpendicular to the maximum permeability direction a high target production rate can be maintained over a longer time and have higher cumulative production than vertical wells. Longer horizontal wells are required for the same cumulative production with decreasing bed thickness.

Harstad, H. [New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM (United States); Teufel, L.W.; Lorenz, J.C.; Brown, S.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geomechanics Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Benchmarking local public libraries using non-parametric frontier methods: A case study of Flanders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Being faced with significant budget cuts and continual pressure to do more with less, issues of efficiency and effectiveness became a priority for local governments in most countries. In this context, benchmarking is widely acknowledged as a powerful tool for local performance management and for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of local service delivery. Performance benchmarking exercises are regularly carried out using ratio analysis, by comparing single indicators. Since this approach offers only limited assessments in absolute terms, it is difficult for decision-makers to track and improve overall performance. Therefore, the use of non-parametric frontier methods, namely free disposal hull (FDH) and data envelopment analysis (DEA) is presented as an alternative technique for benchmarking the performance of organizations in relative terms. The potential applications and strengths of these non-parametric frontier methods for benchmarking the efficiency of local public services are highlighted by applying FDH and DEA techniques to the local public libraries in Flanders. Incorporating all possible paths of expansion both in space and in time enables a focus on sustainability within efficiency benchmarking.

Jesse Stroobants; Geert Bouckaert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

cosmicfrontiermoreinfo | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Cosmic Frontier: More Information Cosmic Frontier: More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More Information Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More Information Print Text Size: A A A

309

Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics: ISFOG 2005 Gourvenec & Cassidy (eds) 2005 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 0 415 39063 X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics: ISFOG 2005 ­ Gourvenec & Cassidy (eds) © 2005 Taylor & Francis research work on the design of suction caisson foundations for offshore wind turbines. Most of the relevant as anchors, principally in clays, and have also been used as foundations for a small number of offshore

Byrne, Byron

310

Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics: ISFOG 2005 Gourvenec & Cassidy (eds) 2005 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 0 415 39063 X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

considered as founda- tions for offshore wind turbines (Byrne & Houlsby 2003). The wind turbine structures, but the main differences in loads on the foundations for offshore wind turbines as compared to typical oilFrontiers in Offshore Geotechnics: ISFOG 2005 ­ Gourvenec & Cassidy (eds) © 2005 Taylor & Francis

Byrne, Byron

311

Capturing frontier research in grant proposals and initial analysis of the comparison between model vs. peer review1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vs. peer review1 Dirk Holste* , Thomas Scherngell* , Ivana Roche**, Marianne Hörlesberger-statistical model for inferring attributes of ,,frontier research in peer-reviewed research proposals submitted of a proposal to be accepted and compares outcomes between the model and peer-review decision, with the goal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

Physics of Neutron Star Crusts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics of neutron star crusts is vast, involving many different research fields, from nuclear and condensed matter physics to general relativity. This review summarizes the progress, which has been achieved over the last few years, in modeling neutron star crusts, both at the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The confrontation of these theoretical models with observations is also briefly discussed.

N. Chamel; P. Haensel

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 21900  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 21900 Physics for Architecture Students Designation suggested material: Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications (6th ed.) (required), Prentice Hall Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications, Student Guide (6th ed.) (optional), Prentice Hall Course

Lombardi, John R.

314

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 20300  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 20300 General Physics Designation: Required Undergraduate Catalog description: For majors in the life sciences (biology, medicine, dentistry, psychology, physical therapy) and for liberal arts students. Fundamental ideas and laws of physics from mechanics to modern

Lombardi, John R.

315

Physics as Information Theory  

SciTech Connect

The experience from Quantum Information of the last twenty years has lead theorists to look at Quantum Theory and the whole of Physics from a different angle. A new information-theoretic paradigm is emerging, long time ago prophesied by John Archibald Wheeler with his popular coinage 'It from bit'. Theoretical groups are now addressing the problem of deriving Quantum Theory from informational principles, and similar lines are investigated in new approaches to Quantum Gravity. In my talk I will review some recent advances on these lines. The general idea synthesizing the new paradigm is that there is only Quantum Theory (without quantization rules): the whole Physics--including space-time and relativity--is emergent from quantum-information processing. And, since Quantum Theory itself is made with purely informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms. The review is divided into the following parts: (a) The informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; (b) How space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from the quantum computation; (c) What is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and Planck constant, and how the quantum field emerges; (d) Observational consequences: mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I then conclude with some possible future research lines.

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro (University of Pavia) [University of Pavia

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

316

Theoretical Aspects of Higgs Physics at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strategies recently developed to study Higgs boson properties at the LHC are reviewed. It is shown how to obtain model-independent determinations of couplings to fermions and gauge bosons by exploiting different production and decay channels. We consider the case of Weak Boson Fusion Higgs production with H decaying into b anti-b

Mauro Moretti

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

role increasing the ``cold fusion'' probability in electronic molecules whose nuclear constituents have. Therefore, widths of such resonances giving a probability of a fusion of the nu­ clear constituents for the molecules LiD and H 2 O. There exists also a well­known exam­ ple [?] of muon catalyzed fusion of deuteron

318

Formation of Superfog from Wildland Fire - Theoretical and Physical Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CCN produced by a gram of wood fuel is capable of producingstoichiometry. Assuming that wood fuels can be expressed as

Bartolome, Christian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics. Janak R. Wedagedera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and identically distributed random energy levels for a tree which divides into z branches at every node,k=1 hlijk = 5 i=1 i 3 - (lower degree terms). Right: The tree structure of energy levels: kj+1 = 2kj free energy, we derive it's phase diagram. In Refer- ence [17], this model has been first proposed

Wedagedera, Janak R.

320

Physica Scripta An International Journal for Experimental and Theoretical Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are considered instead of graphite or Carbon Fiber Composites (CFCs) [6,7]. There exist some very good semi times, tritium co-deposition and recovery is so serious an issue that other plasma facing materials

Nordlund, Kai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

TIFR Annual Report 2003-04 THEORETICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neutrino mass and mixing parameters were determined from a global data analysis. The difference between, a more reliable estimate of the location of the critical point in the QCD phase diagram was obtained Neutrino Oscillation The Solar Neutrino Observatory (SNO) and the KamLAND Reactor Neutrino experiments have

322

UNIVERSITY O F OXFORD Ttltphunc 53281 DEPARTMENT OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Matrix-Elements and Energies given by Jones. Your last: letter t o r Sl l E , SOlA and W3n, as well as the energy values. 6 e previous letter gave us explicit expressions in Ni for D15N, D15C, D05A and D15 on your algebra. Reassuring, at least. #12;Next we tried an internal check. Consider the energy matrix

Browder, Tom

323

TIFR Annual Report 2005-06 THEORETICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and trilinear R-parity violating parameters from neutron, mercury and deuteron electric dipole moment have been

324

Goethe-Universitt Frankfurt 68 PHYSICAL AND THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSIKALISCHE UND THEORETISCHE CHEMIE Zuverlässige quantenchemische Methoden für das Studium elektronisch- chen der Biologie, Chemie und Physik. Zum Beispiel nutzen Pflanzen das Sonnenlicht zur Photosynthese, wodurch sie die Voraussetzung für Leben auf der Erde schaffen. In der Chemie werden Photoreaktionen

Dreuw, Andreas

325

Experimental and theoretical research in applied plasma physics  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses research in the following areas: fusion theory and computations; theory of thermonuclear plasmas; user service center; high poloidal beta studies on PBX-M; fast ECE fluctuation diagnostic for balloning mode studies; x-ray imaging diagnostic; millimeter/submillimeter-wave fusion ion diagnostics; small scale turbulence and nonlinear dynamics in plasmas; plasma turbulence and transport; phase contrast interferometer diagnostic for long wavelength fluctuations in DIII-D; and charged and neutral fusion production for fusio plasmas.

Porkolab, M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Solid electrolytes for battery applications a theoretical perspective a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid state batteries at the present time. · Several companies are involved in all solids state batterySolid electrolytes for battery applications ­ a theoretical perspective a Natalie Holzwarth ion batteries Solid electrolytes Advantages 1. Excellent chemical and physical stability. 2. Perform

Holzwarth, Natalie

327

Theoretical Determination of the Dissociation Energy of Molecular Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Determination of the Dissociation Energy of Molecular Hydrogen Konrad Piszczatowski and Computational Chemistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1033 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo, Norway, Department Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw, Poland Abstract The dissociation energy

Pachucki, Krzysztof

328

The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.  

SciTech Connect

The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

"The Most Hazardous and Dangerous and Greatest Adventure on Which Man Has Ever Embarked": The Frontier in Presidential Pro-Space Discourse, 1957-1963  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the inception of the US Space Program, space exploration has been linked in public discourse to the cluster of ideas and images constituting "the frontier." In the seven years between 1957 and 1963, Presidents ...

Leyerzapf, Amy Beth

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

New Physics Search with Precision Experiments: Theory Input  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The best way to search for new physics is by using a diverse set of probes - not just experiments at the energy and the cosmic frontiers, but also the low-energy measurements relying on high precision and high luminosity. One example of such ultra-precision experiments is the MOLLER experiment planned at JLab, which will measure the parity-violating electron-electron scattering asymmetry and allow a determination of the weak mixing angle with a factor of five improvement in precision over its predecessor, E-158. At this precision, any inconsistency with the Standard Model should signal new physics. The paper will explore how new physics particles enter at the next-to-leading order one-loop level. For MOLLER we analyze the effects of dark Z'-boson on the total calculated asymmetry, and show how this new physics interaction carriers may influence the analysis of the future experimental results.

Aleksejevs, A; Wu, S; Zykunov, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1983  

SciTech Connect

Research and development activities are summarized in the following areas: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, the UNISOR program, accelerator-based atomic physics, theoretical physics, nuclear science applications, atomic physics and plasma diagnostics for fusion program, high-energy physics, the nuclear data project, and the relativistic heavy-ion collider study. Publications and papers presented are listed. (WHK)

Not Available

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Physics Division progress report for period ending June 30, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Progress is reported in detail in the following areas: Holifield Heavy-Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, the UNISOR program, neutron physics, theoretical physics, the Nuclear Data Project, atomic and plasma physics, and high energy physics. Publications are listed. Separate abstracts were prepared for 34 papers. (WHK)

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Physics division progress report for period ending September 30 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses research being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in physics. The areas covered are: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility; low/medium energy nuclear physics; high energy experimental physics; the Unisor program; experimental atomic physics; laser and electro-optics lab; theoretical physics; compilations and evaluations; and radioactive ion beam development. (LSP)

Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Research accomplishments and future goals in particle physics  

SciTech Connect

This document presents our proposal to continue the activities of Boston University researchers in eight projects in high energy physics research: Colliding Beams Physics; Accelerator Design Physics; MACRO Project; Proton Decay Project; Theoretical Particle Physics; Muon G-2 Project; and Hadron Collider Physics. The scope of each of these projects is presented in detail in this paper.

Whitaker, J.S.

1990-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

335

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| under AEC Contract A T (30-1)-3780 " ■ ' Annual Report (1970) Principal In-vestigator: Martin Karpins Institution: Harvard University The research performed under this contract can best be sunmarized under several headings. (a) Alkali-Halideg Alkali-Halide (MX^ M*X*) Exchange Reactions. This project is being continued. A careful study of certain

336

Collateral Readings in the Philosophy and History of Physics for the Introductory Science and Engineering Physics Course  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The standard introductory course for the science and engineering students is too often completely crammed with formulas and problems and gives the beginning student no idea whatsoever of the excitement of physics and of its philosophy history and research frontier. Several new introductory courses have made a fresh start and attenpted to introduce the excitement of research physics. However very little effort has been expended on the other problem that of making the beginning student aware of the philosophy and history of physics. This objective can be accomplished by a series of selected readings in the original literature and in the literature of the philosophy of physics. The author of this paper has experimented for several years with collateral reading of this nature in the introductory course and the results have been excellent.

Herman Erlichson

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

@Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major. From the basic laws of physics to the resulting emergent behavior, physics studies what the universe is made of and how it works. As a Physics major that surrounds us, to the structure and evolution of the entire universe. We offer three degrees in Physics

Yoo, S. J. Ben

338

Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes at LANL (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes (CMIME) at LANL' was submitted by CMIME to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMIME, an EFRC directed by Michael Nastasi at Los Alamos National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: LANL (lead), Carnegia Mellon University, the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Michael Nastasi (Director, Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes); CMIME Staff

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

339

Solar Cells from Plastics? Mission Possible at the PHaSE Energy Research Center, UMass Amherst (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Solar Cells from Plastics? Mission Possible at the PHaSE Energy Research Center, UMass Amherst' was submitted by the Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy (PHaSE) EFRC to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. PHaSE, an EFRC co-directed by Thomas P. Russell and Paul M. Lahti at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: UMass (lead), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pennyslvania State University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and the University of Pittsburgh. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Russell, Thomas P; Lahti, Paul M. (PHaSE - Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy); PHaSE Staff

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

340

Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

SciTech Connect

'Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)' was submitted by CEEM to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CEEM, an EFRC directed by John Bowers at the University of California, Santa Barbara is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: UC, Santa Barbara (lead), UC, Santa Cruz, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Energy Efficient Materials is 'to discover and develop materials that control the interactions between light, electricity, and heat at the nanoscale for improved solar energy conversion, solid-state lighting, and conversion of heat into electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, solid state lighting, optics, thermoelectric, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, batteries, battery electrodes, novel materials synthesis, and scalable processing.

Bowers, John (Director, Center for Energy Efficient Materials ) [Director, Center for Energy Efficient Materials; CEEM Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)' was submitted by CEEM to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CEEM, an EFRC directed by John Bowers at the University of California, Santa Barbara is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: UC, Santa Barbara (lead), UC, Santa Cruz, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Energy Efficient Materials is 'to discover and develop materials that control the interactions between light, electricity, and heat at the nanoscale for improved solar energy conversion, solid-state lighting, and conversion of heat into electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, solid state lighting, optics, thermoelectric, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, batteries, battery electrodes, novel materials synthesis, and scalable processing.

Bowers, John (Director, Center for Energy Efficient Materials ); CEEM Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)' was submitted by the CMSNF to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMSNF, an EFRC directed by Todd Allen at the Idaho National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: INL (lead), Colorado School of Mines, University of Florida, Florida State University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the University of Wisconsin at Madison. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels is 'to achieve a first-principles based understanding of the effect of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels.' Research topics are: phonons, thermal conductivity, nuclear, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, and matter by design.

Allen, Todd (Director, Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel); CMSNF Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

343

Physics as Information Processing  

SciTech Connect

I review some recent advances in foundational research at Pavia QUIT group. The general idea is that there is only Quantum Theory without quantization rules, and the whole Physics - including space-time and relativity - is emergent from the quantum-information processing. And since Quantum Theory itself is axiomatized solely on informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms: this is the It from bit of J. A. Wheeler.The review is divided into four parts: a) the informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; b) how space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from quantum computation; c) what is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and of ({h_bar}/2{pi}), and how the quantum field emerges; d) an observational consequence of the new quantum field theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will conclude with the research lines that will follow in the immediate future.

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', 27100 Pavia (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, Sezione di Pavia (Italy)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

Physics as Information Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review some recent advances in foundational research at Pavia QUIT group. The general idea is that there is only Quantum Theory without quantization rules, and the whole Physics---including space-time and relativity--is emergent from the quantum-information processing. And since Quantum Theory itself is axiomatized solely on informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms: this is the "It from Bit of J. A. Wheeler. The review is divided into four parts: a) the informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; b) how space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from quantum computation; c) what is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and of $\\hbar$, and how the quantum field emerges; d) an observational consequence of the new quantum field theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will conclude with the research lines that will follow in the immediate future.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

345

343. Document entitled "Develop "Frontier" Resources to Ensure Future Oil and Na  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3. Document entitled "Develop "Frontier" Resources to Ensure Future Oil and Natural Gas 3. Document entitled "Develop "Frontier" Resources to Ensure Future Oil and Natural Gas Supply," dated March 8, 2001. B-5 Exemption - Information withheld (under Exemption 5) consists of deliberative material reflecting comments, recommendations and revisions of draft documents relating to NEPDG. 2 pages. #4139-4140 Withheld 344. Document entitled "The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve," dated March 7, 2001. B-5 Exemption - Information withheld (under Exemption 5) consists of deliberative material reflecting comments, recommendations and revisions of draft documents relating to NEPDG. 2 pages. #4141-4142 Withheld 345. Document entitled "The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve," dated March 8, 2001. B- 5 Exemption -

346

Measuring energy efficiency under heterogeneous technologies using a latent class stochastic frontier approach: An application to Chinese energy economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The importance of technology heterogeneity in estimating economy-wide energy efficiency has been emphasized by recent literature. Some studies use the metafrontier analysis approach to estimate energy efficiency. However, for such studies, some reliable priori information is needed to divide the sample observations properly, which causes a difficulty in unbiased estimation of energy efficiency. Moreover, separately estimating group-specific frontiers might lose some common information across different groups. In order to overcome these weaknesses, this paper introduces a latent class stochastic frontier approach to measure energy efficiency under heterogeneous technologies. An application of the proposed model to Chinese energy economy is presented. Results show that the overall energy efficiency of China's provinces is not high, with an average score of 0.632 during the period from 1997 to 2010.

Boqiang Lin; Kerui Du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Jet and Photon Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jet production in proton-proton collisions is one of the main phenomenological predictions of QCD. The ATLAS and CMS Collaborations have performed measurements of several jet observables at the LHC and compared their results to theoretical predictions and event generators. Useful physics input for the determination of the parton distribution functions and the strong coupling constant is provided. Photon production measurements represent another important test of QCD and show strong sensitivity to higher-order corrections.

Peruzzi, Marco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Jet and photon physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jet production in proton-proton collisions is one of the main phenomenological predictions of QCD. The ATLAS and CMS Collaborations have performed measurements of several jet observables at the LHC and compared their results to theoretical predictions and event generators. Useful physics input for the determination of the parton distribution functions and the strong coupling constant is provided. Photon production measurements represent another important test of QCD and show strong sensitivity to higher-order corrections.

Marco Peruzzi; for the ATLAS; CMS Collaborations

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

349

The New Energy Management Frontier: The Critical Role of a Systematic Management Approach in Making Technology Improvements Successful  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Energy Management Frontier: The Critical Role of a Systematic Management Approach in Making Technology Improvements Successful Jon Feldman Senior Consultant Hatch Consulting Mississauga, Ontario, Canada ABSTRACT Improvements... in technology certainly playa pivotal role in the quest for increased energy efficiency. However, sophisticated industrial energy users are increasingly learning that technology alone cannot drive long-tenn, sustainable reductions in energy cost. The role...

Feldman, J.

350

Information-Theoretic Limits of Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fundamental limits on the controllability of physical systems are discussed in the light of information theory. It is shown that the second law of thermodynamics, when generalized to include information, sets absolute limits to the minimum amount of dissipation required by open-loop control. In addition, an information-theoretic analysis of control systems shows feedback control to be a zero sum game: each bit of information gathered from a dynamical system by a control device can serve to decrease the entropy of that system by at most one bit additional to the reduction of entropy attainable without such information. Consequences for the control of discrete state systems and chaotic maps are discussed.

Hugo Touchette and Seth Lloyd

2000-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

RAPID COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICAL REVIEW B 88, 241112(R) (2013)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute for Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany 2 Physics Department, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA 3 Institute in clean semiconductors,1 turning conducting materials into insulators,2 strongly changing the coefficient

Nori, Franco

352

Model independent search for new physics at the Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Standard Model of elementary particles can not be the final theory. There are theoretical reasons to expect the appearance of new physics, possibly at the energy scale of few TeV. Several possible theories of new physics ...

Choudalakis, Georgios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics LBL Logo A-Z CSD Research Highlights CSD Directory Chemical Sciences Division A-Z Index Phone Book Search Berkeley Lab INTRODUCTION TO CSD NATIONAL FACILITIES & CENTERS RESEARCH PROGRAMS Atomic, Molecular & Optical Sciences Catalytic Science Chemical Physics The Glenn T. Seaborg Center (GTSC) STUDENT & POSTDOCTORAL OPPORTUNITIES NEWS & EVENTS CSD CONTACTS LBNL HOME Privacy & Security Notice DOE UC Berkeley CSD > Research Programs > Chemical Physics The Chemical Physics Program of the Chemical Science Division of LBNL is concerned with the development of both experimental and theoretical methodologies for studying molecular structure and dynamical processes at the most fundamental level, and with the application of these to specific

354

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32300  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32300 Quantum Mechanics for Engineers Designation: required for Physics majors in the Applied Physics Option Undergraduate Catalog description: Basic experiments, wave: Physics 20700 and 20800, Math 39100 and Math 39200 Textbook and other suggested material: Scherrer

Lombardi, John R.

355

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 42200  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 42200 Biophysics Designation: Undergraduate Catalog and membranes. In depth study of the physical basis of selected systems including vision, nerve transmission. Prerequisites: Prereq.: 1 yr. of Math, 1 yr. of Physics (elective for Physics Majors and Biomedical Engineering

Lombardi, John R.

356

September 27, 2010 HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS DIVISION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy at the most fundamental level. This includes particle physics experiments, theoretical research and development projects by outside committees of peers appointed by DOE or the University of Chicago as well

Kemner, Ken

357

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTG MTG For the Public News & Highlights Publications Seminars Workshops Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Fact Sheet Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) Related Groups Computational Materials Science Group (CSMD) Nanomaterials Theory Institute (CNMS) Single Crystal Diffraction Group (NScD) University of Tennesee (MSE) ORNL Materials in Extreme Environments Other Useful Links American Physical Society DOE Office of Science Institute of Physics Office of Basic Energy Sciences National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Materials Group In The News PSD Directorate › MST Division › Materials Theory Group The Materials Theory Group (MTG) of the Materials Science and Technology

358

Theoretical study of cyclone design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

differential equation. Barth??s "static particle" theory, particle (with diameter of d50) collection probability is 50% when the forces acting on it are balanced, combined with the force balance equation was applied in the theoretical analyses for the models...

Wang, Lingjuan

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

359

Theoretical Perspectives on Protein Folding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Perspectives on Protein Folding D. Thirumalai,1 Edward P. O'Brien,2 Greg Morrison,3 Understanding how monomeric proteins fold under in vitro conditions is crucial to describing their functions remains to be done to solve the protein folding problem in the broadest sense. 159 Annu.Rev.Biophys.2010

Thirumalai, Devarajan

360

New Physics Search in the LHCb Era  

SciTech Connect

The authors present theoretical and experimental preparations for an indirect search for new physics (NP) using the rare decay {bar B}{sub d} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. They design new observables with very small theoretical uncertainties and good experimental resolution.

Hurth, Tobias; /CERN /SLAC; ,

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Department of Physics and Astronomy Handbook for Postgraduate Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Physics and Astronomy Handbook for Postgraduate Students 2007/08 #12;Contents 1 Matter Physics 9 4.4 PHY6040 - Experimental and Theoretical Foundations of Particle Physics 10 4.5 PHY6050 - Research Skills for Particle Physics 10 4.6 PHY6060 - Astronomical Background for Graduate

Crowther, Paul

362

Michael L. Graesser Theoretical Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Physics Higgs Boson and Beyond: This summer a highly-anticipated particle was discovered at the Large Hadron Collider. Is this particle the Higgs boson? The Higgs boson gives mass to quarks and electrons

363

Topos-theoretic Model of the Deutsch multiverse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Deutsch multiverse is collection of parallel universes. In this article a formal theory and a topos-theoretic model of the Deutsch multiverse are given. For this the Lawvere-Kock Synthetic Differential Geometry and topos models for smooth infinitesimal analysis are used. Physical properties of multi-variant and many-dimensional parallel universes are discussed. Quantum fluctuations of universe geometry are considered. Photon ghosts in parallel universes are found.

Alexander K. Guts

2002-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

364

Theoretical descriptions of compound-nuclear reactions: open problems & challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compound-nuclear processes play an important role for nuclear physics applications and are crucial for our understanding of the nuclear many-body problem. Despite intensive interest in this area, some of the available theoretical developments have not yet been fully tested and implemented. We revisit the general theory of compound-nuclear reactions, discuss descriptions of pre-equilibrium reactions, and consider extensions that are needed in order to get cross section information from indirect measurements.

Brett V. Carlson; Jutta E. Escher; Mahir S. Hussein

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

365

At the Frontiers of Science Superconductivity and Its Electric Power Applications  

SciTech Connect

Electricity - it is one of our modern scientific miracles, and today we could not imagine living without it. But what if we could make it better? Superconductivity has the potential to do just that, by improving the capacity, quality, and reliability of products that use electricity. There has been a great deal of discussion about superconductivity in the last 10 years, but what exactly is it? In this document you will learn the definition of superconductivity, how it works, and its present and potential uses. You will also get an inside look at the challenges that scientists around the world are working to overcome in order to fully incorporate superconductivity in our everyday lives. When you turn on a lamp at home, the electric current flows - is conducted - through a wire made of copper or aluminum. Along the way, this wire resists the flow of electricity, and this resistance is something very much like friction. The resistance causes some of the electricity to be lost in the form of heat. Which means that every time you use an appliance, from a radio to a generator, you are not getting 100% of the energy that flows through it; some of it is wasted by the conductor. Superconductivity - the ability of a material to conduct electricity without losses to resistance - is a physical property inherent to a variety of metals and ceramics, much the same way magnetism is present in a variety of materials. It is dependent on temperature; that is, a material will not exhibit superconductivity until it is sufficiently cold. The necessary temperatures to induce superconductivity are well below what we might commonly consider 'cold.' They are so low, in fact, that they are measured using the Kelvin temperature scale (K). Absolute zero, or 0 K, is equal to -459 Fahrenheit (F). It is defined as the lowest temperature theoretically possible, or the complete absence of heat. In 1911, working in a laboratory in Holland, the Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes cooled mercury to 4 K (-452 F), almost absolute zero; at this temperature, the motion of individual atoms nearly ceased. Scientists were unsure what effect this extremely low temperature would have on resistance; most suspected resistance would increase as atomic motion slowed. However, during routine measurements of the mercury, it appeared that there was no electrical resistance. Onnes assumed his equipment was broken, but days later he confirmed that, near absolute zero, mercury did completely lose electrical resistance. Onnes had discovered superconductivity.

None

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 35400  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 35400 Electricity and Magnetism II Designation potentials and radiation, special relativity. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 35300; pre- or coreq.: Math 39200 (required for Physics majors, except those in the Biomedical Option). Textbook

Lombardi, John R.

367

The Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport (FIRST) EFRC (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

'The Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport (FIRST) EFRC' was submitted by FIRST to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. FIRST, an EFRC directed by David J. Wesolowski at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from nine institutions: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead), Argonne National Laboratory, Drexel University, Georgia State University, Northwestern University, Pennsylvania State University, Suffolk University, Vanderbilt University, and University of Virginia. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center is 'to develop quantitative and predictive models of the unique nanoscale environment at fluid-solid interfaces that will enable transformational advances in electrical energy storage and heterogeneous catalysis for solar fuels.' Research topics are: catalysis (biomass, CO{sub 2}, water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar fuels, solar electrodes, electrical energy storage, batteries, capacitors, battery electrodes, electrolytes, extreme environment, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and charge transport.

Wesolowski, David J. (Director, FIRST - Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures, and Transport Center); FIRST Staff

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

368

Nuclear Physics with Electroweak Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the italian theoretical Nuclear Physics community has played a leading role in the development of a unified approach, allowing for a consistent and fully quantitative description of the nuclear response to electromagnetic and weak probes. In this paper I review the main achievements in both fields, point out some of the open problems, and outline the most promising prospects.

Omar Benhar

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

369

Physics Division: Subatomic Physics Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subatomic Physics Subatomic Physics Physics home » Subatomic Physics Site Home About Us Groups Applied Modern Physics, P-21 Neutron Science and Technology, P-23 Plasma Physics, P-24 Subatomic Physics, P-25 CONTACTS Group Leader Jon Kapustinsky (Acting) Deputy Group Leader Andy Saunders Office Administration Irene Martinez Miquela Sanchez Group Office (505) 667-6941 Physics Links Jobs in Physics Human Resources Working at Los Alamos Los Alamos resources Who we are, what we do We conduct basic research in nuclear and particle physics, applying this expertise to solve problems of national importance. By pushing the limits of our understanding of the smallest building blocks of matter through diverse experiments probing aspects of subatomic reactions, we aim to provide a more thorough understanding of the basic

370

Energy Frontier Research Centers: A View from Senior EFRC Representatives (2011 EFRC Summit, panel session)  

SciTech Connect

A distinguished panel of scientists from the EFRC community provide their perspective on the importance of EFRCs for addressing critical energy needs at the 2011 EFRC Summit. Persis Drell, Director at SLAC, served as moderator. Panel members are Neal Armstrong (Director of the Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials, led by the University of Arizona), Emily Carter (Co-Director of the Combustion EFRC, led by Princeton University. She is also Team Leader of the Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center, led by the University of South Caroline), Don DePaolo (Director of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2, led by LBNL), and Brent Gunnoe (Director of the Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization, led by the University of Virginia). The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several grand challenges and use-inspired basic research needs recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Drell, Persis (SLAC) [SLAC; Armstrong, Neal (University of Arizona) [University of Arizona; Carter, Emily (Princeton University) [Princeton University; DePaolo, Don (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Gunnoe, Brent (University of Virginia) [University of Virginia

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

371

Frontiers in Microbiology: Envisioning a Curriculum Unit for High School Biology  

SciTech Connect

Microbiology is undergoing a quiet revolution. Techniques such as polymerase chain reaction, high throughput DNA sequencing, whole genome shotgun sequencing, DNA microarrays, and bioinformatics analyses are greatly aiding our understanding of the estimated one billion species of microbes that inhabit the Earth. Unfortunately, the rapid pace of research in microbiology stands in contrast to the much slower pace of change in educational reform. Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) hosted a two-day planning meeting to discuss whether or not a new curriculum unit on microbiology is desirable for the high school audience. Attending the meeting were microbiologists, high school biology teachers, and science educators. The consensus of the participants was that an inquiry-based unit dealing with advances in microbiology should be developed for a high school biology audience. Participants established content priorities for the unit, discussed the unit's conceptual flow, brainstormed potential student activities, and discussed the role of educational technology for the unit. As a result of the planning meeting discussions, BSCS staff sought additional funding to develop, disseminate, and evaluate the Frontiers in Microbiology curriculum unit. This unit was intended to be developed as a replacement unit suitable for an introductory biology course. The unit would feature inquiry-based student activities and provide approximately four weeks of instruction. As appropriate, activities would make use of multimedia. The development and production processes would require about two years for completion. Unfortunately, BSCS staff was not able to attract sufficient funding to develop the proposed curriculum unit. Since there were some unexpended funds left over from the planning meeting, BSCS requested and received permission from DOE to use the balance of the funds to prepare background materials about advances in microbiology that would be useful to teachers. These materials were developed and placed on the BSCS Web site (http://www.bscs.org).

Mark Bloom

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments & Projects icon: Energy Frontier Energy Frontier Particle physics experiments at the Energy Frontier explore the fundamental constituents and architecture of the...

373

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator & Detector Physics Computing CMS Detector Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress Energy Frontier Large Hadron Collider The LHC at CERN, the European...

374

Hadron collider physics at UCR  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the research work in high energy physics by the group at the University of California, Riverside. Work has been divided between hadron collider physics and e{sup +}-e{sup {minus}} collider physics, and theoretical work. The hadron effort has been heavily involved in the startup activities of the D-Zero detector, commissioning and ongoing redesign. The lepton collider work has included work on TPC/2{gamma} at PEP and the OPAL detector at LEP, as well as efforts on hadron machines.

Kernan, A.; Shen, B.C.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

LHC Physics and Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In these Lectures I review possible constraints on particle physics models, obtained by means of combining the results of collider measurements with astrophysical data. I emphasize the theoretical-model dependence of these results. I discuss supersymmetric dark matter constraints at colliders (mainly LHC) in various theoretical contexts: the standard Cosmological-Constant-Cold-Dark-Matter (Lambda-CDM) model, (super)string-inspired ones and non-equilibrium relaxation dark energy models. I then investigate the capability of LHC measurements in asserting whether supersymmetric matter (if discovered) constitutes part, or all, of the astrophysical dark matter. I also discuss prospects for improving the constraints in future precision facilities, such as the International Linear Collider.

Nikolaos E. Mavromatos

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Brief introduction to viscosity in hadron physics  

SciTech Connect

We introduce the concept of viscosity (both shear and bulk) in the context of hadron physics and in particular the meson gas, highlighting the current theoretical efforts to connect possible measurements of the viscosities to underlying physics such as a phase transition or the trace anomaly.

Dobado, Antonio; Llanes-Estrada, Felipe J.; Torres-Rincon, Juan M. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica I, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

377

Graphene Physics L.A. Falkovsky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene Physics L.A. Falkovsky Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics #12;outline · electron dispersion in graphene, graphene bilayer and graphite · conductivity in optical region · universal dynamical conductivity of graphene · Kerr effect and reflectivity in magnetic field #12;#12;Novoselov et al (2005)Field

Titov, Anatoly

378

Planetary Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planetary Physics Some of the most intriguing NIF experiments test the physics believed to determine the structures of planets down to their cores, both in our solar system and...

379

Theoretical studies of combustion dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The basic objectives of this research program are to develop and apply theoretical techniques to fundamental dynamical processes of importance in gas-phase combustion. There are two major areas currently supported by this grant. One is reactive scattering of diatom-diatom systems, and the other is the dynamics of complex formation and decay based on L{sup 2} methods. In all of these studies, the authors focus on systems that are of interest experimentally, and for which potential energy surfaces based, at least in part, on ab initio calculations are available.

Bowman, J.M. [Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Electroweak Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work on electroweak precision calculations and event generators for electroweak physics studies at current and future colliders is summarized.

W. Hollik

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TFN TFN For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Core Compentencies Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Thin Films and Nanostructures Group Complex oxide thin films and heterostructures are important for not only fundamental physics, but also a wide range of exciting opportunities in

382

LANL Institutes - Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expanding the Frontiers of Astrophysical, Space, Earth, & Climate Sciences & Their Signatures The Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures at Los Alamos National Laboratory is committed to promoting and supporting high quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science. These subject areas are selected based on their breadth of scientific challenges facing the international scientific community, as well as relevance to the strategic objective to extend Laboratory scientific excellence. IGPPS/LANL makes a special effort to promote and support new research ideas, which can be further developed through seed funding into major programs supported by federal or other funding sources. IGPPS also supports

383

B Physics Theory for Hadron Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A short overview of theoretical methods for B physics at hadron colliders is presented. The main emphasis is on the theory of two-body hadronic B decays, which provide a rich field of investigation in particular for the Tevatron and the LHC. The subject holds both interesting theoretical challenges as well as many opportunities for flavor studies and new physics tests. A brief review of the current status and recent developments is given. A few additional topics in B physics are also mentioned.

G. Buchalla

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

384

Theoretical Perspectives on Protein Folding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding how monomeric proteins fold under in vitro conditions is crucial to describing their functions in the cellular context. Significant advances both in theory and experiments have resulted in a conceptual framework for describing the folding mechanisms of globular proteins. The experimental data and theoretical methods have revealed the multifaceted character of proteins. Proteins exhibit universal features that can be determined using only the number of amino acid residues (N) and polymer concepts. The sizes of proteins in the denatured and folded states, cooperativity of the folding transition, dispersions in the melting temperatures at the residue level, and time scales of folding are to a large extent determined by N. The consequences of finite N especially on how individual residues order upon folding depends on the topology of the folded states. Such intricate details can be predicted using the Molecular Transfer Model that combines simulations with measured transfer free energies of protein building blocks from water to the desired concentration of the denaturant. By watching one molecule fold at a time, using single molecule methods, the validity of the theoretically anticipated heterogeneity in the folding routes, and the N-dependent time scales for the three stages in the approach to the native state have been established. Despite the successes of theory, of which only a few examples are documented here, we conclude that much remains to be done to solve the "protein folding problem" in the broadest sense.

D. Thirumalai; Edward P. O'Brien; Greg Morrison; Changbong Hyeon

2010-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

385

Division of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo Guide to The 2014 Entrance Examination of Master & Doctor Courses and Inquiry Sheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, education, aging societies and information pollution ? Division of Environmental Studies: Background of Environmental Studies moved to a brand-new building in the Kashi- wa Campus and commenced five new departmentsDivision of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo

Yamamoto, Hirosuke

386

Physics Fellow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as Institute of Physics Fellow January 18, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, January 18, 2011-Alan Bishop, Los Alamos National Laboratory's associate director for theory, simulation,...

387

Theoretical description of a DNA-linked nanoparticle self-assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoparticles tethered with DNA strands are promising building blocks for bottom-up nanotechnology, and a theoretical understanding is important for future development. Here we build on approaches developed in polymer physics to provide theoretical descriptions for the equilibrium clustering and dynamics, as well as the self-assembly kinetics of DNA-linked nanoparticles. Striking agreement is observed between the theory and molecular modeling of DNA tethered nanoparticles.

Chia Wei Hsu; Francesco Sciortino; Francis W. Starr

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

388

Nobel Prize in Physics 1921  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 The prize was reserved and awarded in 1922 "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect" Albert Einstein Button Germany, Switzerland & USA* Button born 1879 (Ulm, Germany), died 1955 Button CA - Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, USA Button AA - Swiss Patent Office, Bern, Switzerland Button WA - Swiss Patent Office Button Additional Information *Explanation of CA, AA & WA* Additional Information: Nobel e-Museum Prize in Physics 1921 Albert Einstein Image and Impact Albert Einstein Archives Einstein Archives Online NOVA Online/Einstein Revealed Time 100: Scientists & Thinkers - Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Freedom of Information Act Albert Einstein web site

389

PARTICIPATION IN HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS  

SciTech Connect

This grant funded experimental and theoretical activities in elementary particles physics at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). The experiments in which IIT faculty collaborated included the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment, the MINOS experiment, the Double Chooz experiment, and FNAL E871 - HyperCP experiment. Funds were used to support summer salary for faculty, salary for postdocs, and general support for graduate and undergraduate students. Funds were also used for travel expenses related to these projects and general supplies.

White, Christopher

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

390

The theory of Multiverse, multiplicity of physical objects and physical constants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Multiverse is collection of parallel universes. In this article a formal theory and a topos-theoretic models of the multiverse are given. For this the Lawvere-Kock Synthetic Differential Geometry and topos models for smooth infinitesimal analysis are used. Physical properties of multi-variant and many-dimensional parallel universes are discussed. The source of multiplicity of physical objects is set of physical constants.

Gouts, A K

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

EMSL - physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

physics en 15N2 formation and fast oxygen isotope exchange during pulsed 15N18O exposure of MnOxCeO2. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications15n2-formation-and-fast-oxygen-i...

392

Flavor Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference, Bled, 2007 1 The Search for e Oscillations at MiniBooNE H. A. Tanaka, for the MiniBooNE collaboration Department of...

393

Physical Scientist  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of...

394

Physical Scientist  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Senior Headquarters (HQ) Physical Scientist for the Carbon Storage Program. The Carbon Storage Program focuses on the development of...

395

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CST CST For the Public Publications Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members Facilities For Industry Capabilities Current Research Materials Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Fact Sheet Group Poster Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Corrosion Science and Technology Group Corrosion Kinetics in simulated high-temperature/high-pressure environments

396

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities Facilities Selected Publications Our People Contacts by Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment ShaRE User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Correlated Electron Materials Group In The News PSD Directorate › MST Division › Correlated Electron Materials Group CdSiP2Tin Flux The ultimate aim of our research is to attain a better understanding of complex materials, particularly those that are important to clean energy technologies. For example, we are currently investigating the relationship between magnetism and superconductivity, new mechanisms for enhancing

397

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPNM SPNM For the Public Awards Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Capabilities Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive | Honors and Awards Archive Lynn Boatner, Joanne Ramey, Hu Longmire, research featured in the 2013 Allied High Tech Products, Inc. Calendar in the form of a color micrograph for the month of March, 2013.

398

Resource Letter PBM-1: Physics of biomolecular machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All living creatures are made of cells. The cell is the structural and functional unit of life. This Resource Letter serves as a guide to the literature on nano-machines which drive not only intracellular movements but also motility of the cell. These machines are usually proteins or macromolecular assemblies that require appropriate fuel for their operations. Although traditionally these machines were subjects of investigation in biology and biochemistry increasing use of the concepts and techniques of physics in recent years have contributed to the quantitative understanding of the fundamental principles underlying their operational mechanisms. The possibility of exploiting these principles for the design and control of artificial nanomachines has opened up a new frontier in the bottom-up approach to nanotechnology.

Debashish Chowdhury

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ABD ABD For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members Facilities For Industry Research Projects Our People Group Leader, Staff Members, Facilities Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Alloy Behavior and Design Group The principal technical contact for discussing potential projects in the Alloy Behavior and Design Group is Dr. Easo P. George, Group Leader.

400

Physics Based on Physical Monism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

Seong-Dong Kim

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Studying many-body physics through quantum coding theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emerging closeness between correlated spin systems and error-correcting codes enables us to use coding theoretical techniques to study physical properties of many-body spin systems. This thesis illustrates the use of ...

Yoshida, Beni

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

September 2, 2014 HighPower Targetry in Support of the Intensity Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials and in particular on the lowering of material fracture toughness. The resistance to thermal, coefficient of thermal expansion, and Young's modulus. Knowledge of these parameters for materials which load in the target, and iii) an understanding of the physical limits of the target material

McDonald, Kirk

403

REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.3. Particle Physics Information Platforms . . . . . . . . .14. Particle Physics Education and Outreach

Beringer, Juerg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Review of Particle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . .ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . . . 12.

Nakamura, Kenzo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook Edition 1.4 2007/2008 Contents 1 Introduction 7 1.1 Physics at Lancaster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 Organisation of Physics Teaching 15 2.1 Departmental Committees

Low, Robert

406

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 3rd & 4th Year Students on Old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.2 Points of contact within the Physics Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2 Physics at Lancaster 18 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

407

Neutrino Physics at DPF 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The field of neutrino physics was covered at DPF 2013 in 32 talks, including three on theoretical advances and the remainder on experiments that spanned at least 17 different detectors. This summary of those talks cannot do justice to the wealth of information presented, but will provide links to other material where possible. There were allso two plenary session contributions on neutrino physics at this meeting: the current status of what we know about neutrino (oscillation) physics was outlined by Huber, and the next steps in long baseline oscillation expeirments were described by Fleming. This article covers a subset of the topics discussed at the meeting, with emphasis given to those talks that showed data or new results.

Deborah A. Harris

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

408

Proceedings of the 2010 European School of High-energy Physics, Raseborg, Finland, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European School of High-Energy Physics is intended to give young physicists an introduction to the theoretical aspects of recent advances in elementary particle physics. These proceedings contain lecture notes on the Standard Model of electroweak interactions, quantum chromodynamics, heavy ion physics, physics beyond the Standard Model, neutrino physics, and cosmology.

C. Grojean; M. Spiropulu

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

409

Physical Protection  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of interests under the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) purview ranging from facilities, buildings, Government property, and employees to national security interests such as classified information, special nuclear material (SNM), and nuclear weapons. Cancels Section A of DOE M 470.4-2 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

410

Physics Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... mechanics, acoustics, optics, heat, electricity, magnetism and electro-magnetism, atomic and nuclear physics, and strength of materials, 120 to 128. Decimal numbers denote the sections and ... they should be recommended to use it with care and only in conjunction with other handbooks and encyclopaedias. The trouble is that too much has been attempted-a dictionary, ...

S. WEINTROUB

1968-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

411

Polymorphism is not set-theoretic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The polymorphic, or second-order, typed lambda calculus is an extension of the typed lambda calculus in which polymorphic functions can be defined. In this paper, we will prove that the standard set-theoretic ...

John C. Reynolds

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Experiments in Physics Physics 1291  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Laboratory The laboratory experiments described in this manual are an important part of your physics course-3 Velocity, Acceleration, and g 35 1-4 Projectile Motion and Conservation of Energy 45 1-5 Conservation. Whenever possible, the material will have been discussed in lecture before you come to the laboratory

Columbia University

413

Experiments in Physics Physics 1291  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Conservation of Energy 97 1-9 Standing Waves 105 1-10 Specific Heat and Mechanical Equivalent of Heat 115 #12;#12;Introduction 1-0 General Instructions 1 Purpose of the Laboratory The laboratory experiments described in this manual are an important part of your physics course. Most of the experiments are designed to illustrate

Columbia University

414

Experiments in Physics Physics 1291  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The laboratory experiments described in this manual are an important part of your physics course. Most-8 Projectile Motion and Conservation of Energy 97 1-9 Standing Waves 105 1-10 Specific Heat and Mechanical Equivalent of Heat 115 #12;#12;Introduction 1-0 General Instructions 1 Purpose of the Laboratory

Columbia University

415

Of Physics & Astronomy. MEDICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Department of Cardiovascular Science: Academic contact: Dr John Fenner, O-floor, Room OU142 (Hallamshire of the University, and 0114 2713687 from outside, email j.w.fenner@sheffield.ac.uk Medical Physics office contact JWF - Dr John Fenner, Undergrad course director, RHH, O floor, OU142, Tel x 13687, j.w.fenner

Crowther, Paul

416

STEP and fundamental physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle (STEP) will advance experimental limits on violations of Einstein's Equivalence Principle from their present sensitivity of 2 parts in $10^{13}$ to 1 part in $10^{18}$ through multiple comparison of the motions of four pairs of test masses of different compositions in a drag-free earth-orbiting satellite. We describe the experiment, its current status, and its potential implications for fundamental physics. Equivalence is at the heart of general relativity, our governing theory of gravity, and violations are expected in most attempts to unify this theory with the other fundamental interactions of physics, as well as in many theoretical explanations for the phenomenon of dark energy in cosmology. Detection of such a violation would be equivalent to the discovery of a new force of nature. A null result would be almost as profound, pushing upper limits on any coupling between standard-model fields and the new light degrees of freedom generically predicted by these theories down to unnaturally small levels.

James Overduin; Francis Everitt; Paul Worden; John Mester

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

417

STEP and fundamental physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle (STEP) will advance experimental limits on violations of Einstein's Equivalence Principle from their present sensitivity of 2 parts in $10^{13}$ to 1 part in $10^{18}$ through multiple comparison of the motions of four pairs of test masses of different compositions in a drag-free earth-orbiting satellite. We describe the experiment, its current status, and its potential implications for fundamental physics. Equivalence is at the heart of general relativity, our governing theory of gravity, and violations are expected in most attempts to unify this theory with the other fundamental interactions of physics, as well as in many theoretical explanations for the phenomenon of dark energy in cosmology. Detection of such a violation would be equivalent to the discovery of a new force of nature. A null result would be almost as profound, pushing upper limits on any coupling between standard-model fields and the new light degrees of freedom generically predicted by these ...

Overduin, James; Worden, Paul; Mester, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

STEP and fundamental physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle (STEP) will advance experimental limits on violations of Einstein's equivalence principle from their present sensitivity of two parts in 1013 to one part in 1018 through multiple comparison of the motions of four pairs of test masses of different compositions in a drag-free earth-orbiting satellite. We describe the experiment, its current status and its potential implications for fundamental physics. Equivalence is at the heart of general relativity, our governing theory of gravity and violations are expected in most attempts to unify this theory with the other fundamental interactions of physics, as well as in many theoretical explanations for the phenomenon of dark energy in cosmology. Detection of such a violation would be equivalent to the discovery of a new force of nature. A null result would be almost as profound, pushing upper limits on any coupling between standard-model fields and the new light degrees of freedom generically predicted by these theories down to unnaturally small levels.

James Overduin; Francis Everitt; Paul Worden; John Mester

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Physical Protection  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B.

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

420

Physical Protection  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Chg 1, dated 3/7/06. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Towards general information theoretical representations of database problems  

SciTech Connect

General database systems are described from the General Systems Theoretical (GST) framework. In this context traditional information theoretical (statistical) and general information theoretical (fuzzy measure and set theoretical, possibilistic, and random set theoretical) representations are derived. A preliminary formal framework is introduced.

Joslyn, C.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Current experiments in elementary particle physics  

SciTech Connect

This report contains summaries of 720 recent and current experiments in elementary particle physics (experiments that finished taking data before 1980 are excluded). Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, KEK, LAMPF, Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute, Saclay, Serpukhov, SIN, SLAC, and TRIUMF, and also experiments on proton decay. Instructions are given for searching online the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries. Properties of the fixed-target beams at most of the laboratories are summarized.

Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, F.E., Oyanagi, Y.; Dodder, D.C.; Ryabov, Yu.G.; Frosch, R.; Olin, A.; Lehar, F.; Moskalev, A.N.; Barkov, B.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Mould incidence and mycotoxin contamination in maize kernels from Swat Valley, North West Frontier Province of Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mould incidence and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination as well as proximate composition and minerals content of maize kernels from Swat Valley, North West Frontier Province of Pakistan was studied during the year, 2007. Results indicated that the mean moisture content of the kernels was within the recommended safe storage levels of ?15%. Across the whole valley, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium and Rhizopus were the most predominant fungal genera identified and amongst the mycotoxigenic species, Aspergillus flavus had the highest incidence. AFB1 content ranged from none to 30.92?g/kg with the average values of 14.94 and 16.22?g/kg for Upper and Lower Swat regions, respectively. Similar trend was observed for OTA with the contamination level ranged from Valley may be exposed to the danger of aflatoxins and ochratoxins poisoning. Thus, there is a need for policy makers to establish and enforce maize quality standards and regulations related to moulds and mycotoxins across the area.

Hamid Ullah Shah; Thomas J. Simpson; Sahib Alam; Khanzadi Fatima Khattak; Sajida Perveen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to "unleash America's science and research community" to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Chu, Steven (DOE Secretary of Energy)

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

425

MUSE integral-field spectroscopy towards the Frontier Fields Cluster Abell S1063: I. Data products and redshift identifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first observations of the Frontier Fields Cluster Abell S1063, taken with the newly commissioned Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) integral field spectrograph. Because of the relatively large field of view (1 arcmin^2), MUSE is ideal to simultaneously target multiple galaxies in blank and cluster fields over the full optical spectrum. We analysed the four hours of data obtained in the Science Verification phase on this cluster and measured redshifts for 60 objects. We confirm the redshift of five cluster galaxies, and determine the redshift of 28 other cluster members. Behind the cluster, we find 16 galaxies at higher redshift, including three previously unknown Lyman-alpha emitters at z>3, and five multiply-lensed galaxies. We report the detection of a new z=4.113 multiply lensed galaxy, with images that are consistent with lensing model predictions derived for the Fronter Fields. We detect CIII], C IV and He II emission in a multiply lensed galaxy at z=3.116, suggesting the likely pres...

Karman, W; Grillo, C; Balestra, I; Rosati, P; Vanzella, E; Coe, D; Christensen, L; Koekemoer, A M; Kruehler, T; Lombardi, M; Mercurio, A; Nonino, M; van der Wel, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A Rigorous Free-form Lens Model of Abell 2744 to Meet the Hubble Frontier Fields Challenge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deep Hubble Frontier Fields (HFF) imaging of the most powerful lensing clusters provides access to the most magnified distant galaxies. It is a challenge to construct lens models capable of describing these complex massive, merging clusters so that the intrinsic source properties can be meaningfully derived. Here we apply our general free-form lensing method (WSLAP+) to A2744, providing a model independent map of the cluster magnification and geometric distance estimates to multiply-lensed sources. We solve simultaneously for a smooth cluster component on a pixel grid, together with local deflections by the observed member galaxies. Our solution is sufficiently accurate to securely identify 18 multiply-lensed systems behind A2744 totaling 56 images, spanning 1.0

Lam, Daniel; Diego, Jose M; Lim, Jeremy; Coe, Dan; Ford, Holland C; Zheng, Wei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Brookhaven Condensed Matter Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics Condensed matter physicists study the properties of bulk matter-solids and liquids-as well as the properties exhibited at surfaces and interfaces, with a view to obtaining a fundamental understanding of the unusual properties that materials can exhibit. These problems are some of the most challenging in physics today, but have the huge pay-off in that such an understanding may ultimately lead to improved materials for use in applications as diverse as computing, memory storage, electric motors, and energy storage and transport. At Brookhaven Lab, this work includes both experimental and theoretical studies. Much of the experimental work carried out today uses the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS, shown at right)-one of the premiere synchrotron light sources of the last two decades. Commissioned in the 1980s, the NSLS is host to more than 2,200 users per year and produces copious amounts of light, from the infrared to the ultraviolet to the x-ray. By using this light as a probe, scientists can learn about the arrangement of the atoms and electrons in the materials and how they behave under various conditions. Among other projects, BNL scientists have played leading roles in the development and application of resonant and inelastic x-ray scattering techniques to the study of magnetic and other materials, have pioneered the use of photoemission techniques (based on the photoelectric effect that Einstein first understood 100 years ago) for looking at electronic and magnetic materials, and have carried out some of the seminal experiments to understand the atomic and magnetic structure at surfaces.

428

Boston University Physics Colloquium Final Results from MuLan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Muons Three of the most important inputs to the Standard Model of Elementary particle physicsBoston University Physics Colloquium Final Results from MuLan: A High Energy Experiment with Low through measurements of the muon lifetime. Until 1999, incomplete theoretical calculations limited

429

Physics and Astronomy Engineering/Physics Concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics and Astronomy Engineering/Physics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Term Electromagnetic Fields & Waves 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 PHY 4020 Computational Methods in Physics.) taken Grade PHY 4620 Optics 4 PHY 3211 Modern Physics II 3 PHY 4730 Analog Circuits 3 PHY 4640 Quantum

Thaxton, Christopher S.

430

Physics and Astronomy Radiation Safety Physics Concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics and Astronomy Radiation Safety Physics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Environucleonics Lab 1 PHY 3211 Modern Physics II 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 PHY 4330 Digital Electronics 3 PHY 4820 Medical Physics 3 CHE 1101 Intro. Chemistry I 3 CHE 1110 Intro. Chemistry I Lab 1 CHE 1102 Intro

Thaxton, Christopher S.

431

PHYSICS OF BURNING PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICS OF BURNING PLASMAS: PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO PRESENT FACILITIES FIRE Physics Workshop May 2000 F. Perkins and N. Sauthoff Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory FIRE Workshop 1 May 2000 #12;OUTLINE · Introduction · Three Classes of Burning Plasma Physics inaccessable to contemporary tokamak

432

Department of Physics Department of Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.iit.edu/csl/physics Chair: Grant Bunder The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in physics. Within the department, there are many opportunities for interdisciplinary

Heller, Barbara

433

314 Department of Physics Department of Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

314 Department of Physics Department of Physics Physics, one of the basic sciences, has its origin led to the detailed understanding of a remarkable variety of physical phenomena. Our knowledge now comprehension of the physical world forms an impressive part of the intellectual and cultural heritage of our

Nagle, John F.

434

Physics (Phys) (Department of Physics and Engineering)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

229Physics Physics (Phys) (Department of Physics and Engineering) McCormick Foundation PROFESSORSILU INSTRUCTOR CUMMING VISITING PROFESSOR BOLLER MAJORS A major in physics leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of 50 credits including the following: 1. Physics 111, 112, 113, 114, 210, 215

Dresden, Gregory

435

Department of Physics Department of Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.iit.edu/csl/physics Chair: Christopher White The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in physics. Within the department, there are many opportunities

Heller, Barbara

436

Quantum field theoretical description for the reflectivity of graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the polarization tensor of graphene at nonzero temperature in (2+1)-dimensional space-time. The obtained tensor coincides with the previously known one at all Matsubara frequencies, but, in contrast to it, admits analytic continuation to the real frequency axis satisfying all physical requirements. Using the obtained representation for the polarization tensor, we develope quantum field theoretical description for the reflectivity of graphene. The analytic asymptotic expressions for the reflection coefficients and reflectivities at low and high frequencies are derived for both independent polarizations of the electromagnetic field. The dependencies of reflectivities on the frequency and angle of incidence are investigated. Numerical computations using the exact expressions for the polarization tensor are performed and application regions for the analytic asymptotic results are determined.

Bordag, M; Mostepanenko, V M; Petrov, V M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Theoretical investigation of a tunable free-electron light source  

SciTech Connect

The concept and experimental results of a light source given in a recent paper by Adamo et al.[Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 113901 (2009)] are very interesting and attractive. Our paper presents detailed theoretical investigations on such a light source, and our results confirm that the mechanism of the light radiation experimentally detected in the published paper is a special kind of diffraction radiation in a waveguide with nanoscale periodic structure excited by an electron beam. The numerical calculations based on our theory and digital simulations agree well with the experimental results. This mechanism of diffraction radiation is of significance in physics and optics, and may bring good opportunities for the generation of electromagnetic waves from terahertz to light frequency regimes.

Liu Shenggang; Hu Min; Zhang Yaxin; Liu Weihao; Zhang Ping; Zhou Jun [Terahertz Research Center, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Theoretical investigation of a tunable free-electron light source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept and experimental results of a light source given in a recent paper by Adamo et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 113901 (2009)] are very interesting and attractive. Our paper presents detailed theoretical investigations on such a light source, and our results confirm that the mechanism of the light radiation experimentally detected in the published paper is a special kind of diffraction radiation in a waveguide with nanoscale periodic structure excited by an electron beam. The numerical calculations based on our theory and digital simulations agree well with the experimental results. This mechanism of diffraction radiation is of significance in physics and optics, and may bring good opportunities for the generation of electromagnetic waves from terahertz to light frequency regimes.

Shenggang Liu; Min Hu; Yaxin Zhang; Weihao Liu; Ping Zhang; Jun Zhou

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

439

Physics Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications Applications Technetium-99m radioisotope generator developed at Brookhaven. Numerous physics-related programs at Brookhaven have yielded major advances in medicine and various technologies. Brookhaven's nuclear medicine program, which began in the 1950s, uses the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer to make radioisotopes for nuclear medicine diagnostics and treatment throughout the world. Today, more than 85 percent of all imaging examinations worldwide use one of the radioisotopes developed at Brookhaven. At Brookhaven's Center for Translational Neuroimaging, researchers can peer into a living brain through the use of various imaging modalities, including positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and optical imaging. Such research has led to a new understanding of

440

Kaon physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At present, the main topics addressed by kaon physics are the unitarity test of CKM matrix via precision measurements of the Cabibbo angle as well as precision tests of discrete symmetries: in particular, study of possible CPT violations in a model-independent way through the Bell-Steinberger relation, or through the measurement of charge asymmetries. Other interesting topics are related to the test of predictions from chiral perturbation theory. Also status and prospects of the $K^\\pm \\to \\pi^\\pm\

B. Sciascia

2006-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Lubricant and Additive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Theoretical Investigation of Lubricant and Additive Effects on Engine Friction Combining data from motored engine friction, a theoretical engine model, a line friction contact...

442

Catalysis by Design - Theoretical and Experimental Studies of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Design - Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Model Catalysts for Lean NOx Treatment Catalysis by Design - Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Model Catalysts for Lean NOx...

443

Operando Raman and Theoretical Vibration Spectroscopy of Non...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operando Raman and Theoretical Vibration Spectroscopy of Non-PGM Catalysts Operando Raman and Theoretical Vibration Spectroscopy of Non-PGM Catalysts Presentation about...

444

Physics Topics - MST - UW Plasma Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Topics UW Madison Madison Symmetric Torus Physics Topics MST HomeGraduate Student InformationLinksTourControl and Auxiliary SystemsPhysics TopicsDeviceResearch MissionMST...

445

Theoretical studies of chemical reaction dynamics  

SciTech Connect

This collaborative program with the Theoretical Chemistry Group at Argonne involves theoretical studies of gas phase chemical reactions and related energy transfer and photodissociation processes. Many of the reactions studied are of direct relevance to combustion; others are selected they provide important examples of special dynamical processes, or are of relevance to experimental measurements. Both classical trajectory and quantum reactive scattering methods are used for these studies, and the types of information determined range from thermal rate constants to state to state differential cross sections.

Schatz, G.C. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Game-Theoretic Risk Analysis in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Game-Theoretic Risk Analysis in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao,jtyao]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Determining the correct threshold values for probabilistic rough set models has been a heated these tolerance values. 1 Introduction In rough sets [10], a set within the universe of discourse is approximated

Yao, JingTao

447

Particle Physics Booklet 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

212 25. Accelerator physics of colliders ? 26. High-energythe full Review. PARTICLE PHYSICS BOOKLET TABLE OF CONTENTSrev. ) Summary Tables of Particle Physics Gauge and Higgs

et al., C. Amsler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Center for Beam Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Heavy Ion Fusion," Research Trends in Physics, La JollaInternational School of Physics, New York, New York (1992),Professor and Chairman Physics Department University of

Chattopadhyay, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Educational Psychology Division of Theoretical and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Educational Psychology Division of Theoretical and Behavioral Foundations College of Education in Educational Psychology School Psychology Concentration The mission of the School Psychology concentration in the Educational Psychology Ph.D. program at Wayne State University is to prepare professionals to effectively work

Berdichevsky, Victor

450

Hydraulic Geometry: Empirical Investigations and Theoretical Approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic Geometry: Empirical Investigations and Theoretical Approaches B.C. Eatona, a Department are determined by the channel shape, gradient and a flow resistance parameter. A review of the literature Geomorphology April 21, 2010 #12;the research on downstream hydraulic geometry has focussed on the factors

Eaton, Brett

451

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF FIELD THEORETICAL SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF FIELD THEORETICAL SYSTEMS E. Engel Inst. fur Theor. Physik background of relativistic density functional theory is emphasized and its consequences for relativistic Kohn-Sham equations are shown. The local density approximation for the exchange energy functional is reviewed

Engel, Eberhard

452

Graph-Theoretic Scagnostics Leland Wilkinson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tukey and Tukey scagnostics and develop graph- theoretic methods for implementing their procedure, statistical graphics 1 INTRODUCTION Around 20 years ago, John and Paul Tukey developed an ex- ploratory of the method were never published. Paul Tukey did offer more detail at an IMA visualization workshop a few

Grossman, Robert

453

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges - Advanced R and D|...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Advanced R and D Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier...

454

Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs): A Response to Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination (2011 EFRC Summit, panel session)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A distinguished panel of speakers at the 2011 EFRC Summit looks at the EFRC Program and how it serves as a response to "Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination?, the culminating report that arose from a series of Basic Research Needs workshops. The panel members are Paul Alivisatos, the Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, George Crabtree, Distinguished Fellow at Argonne National Laboratory, Mildred Dresselhause, Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Mark Ratner, Professor at Northwestern University. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Alivisatos, Paul (Director, LBNL); Crabtree, George (ANL); Dresselhaus, Mildred (MIT); Ratner, Mark (Northwestern University)

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Physics Illinois Undergraduate Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics Illinois Undergraduate Programs Department of Physics College of Engineering University to undergraduate education. Over the last 15 years, in collaboration with our nationally recognized Physics Education Research Group, our faculty has reinvented the way undergraduate physics courses are taught

Gilbert, Matthew

456

Physics 6321 Coastal oceanography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics 6321 Coastal oceanography · Instructor: Dr. Iakov Afanassiev · Office: Physics C-4065 · email: yakov@physics.mun.ca · Course Times: TBD Room TBD · Office Hours: unlimited · Web Page: http://www.physics

deYoung, Brad

457

High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basic Energy Science Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Advanced Scientific Computing Research Pioneering...

458

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann. All rights reserved. Textbook Website http://scipp.ucsc.edu/outreach/index2.html #12;People's Physics) "Each discovery, each advance, each increase in the sum of human riches, owes its being to the physical

California at Santa Cruz, University of

459

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 16 Physics Procedia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 1­6 Physics Procedia Educating the next generation of Computational Physicists Joan Adler Physics Department, Technion -IIT, Haifa, Israel, 32000 Abstract Many "senior" Computational Physics researchers began their careers perched on of the other vertices of the Landau triangle

Adler, Joan

460

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann. All rights reserved. Textbook Website http://scipp.ucsc.edu/outreach/index2.html #12;People's Physics) "Each discovery, each advance, each increase in the sum of human riches, owes its being to the physical

California at Santa Cruz, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Physics and Astronomy Chemical Physics Concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics and Astronomy Chemical Physics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Term Dept Fields & Waves 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 PHY 4640 Quantum Mechanics 3 PHY 4020 Computational Methods in Physics & Engineering 3 PHY 4330 Digital Electronics 3 CHE 1101 Intro. Chemistry I 3 CHE 1110 Intro

Thaxton, Christopher S.

462

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 15 Physics Procedia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 1­5 Physics Procedia Educating the next generation of Computational Physicists Joan Adler Physics Department, Technion -IIT, Haifa, Israel, 32000 Abstract Many "senior" Computational Physics researchers began their careers perched on of the other vertices of the Landau triangle

Adler, Joan

463

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 4th Year Students only on Old Regulations Old Edition 1.1 2012/2013 1 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 6 1.1 Points of contact within the Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 Physics at Lancaster 15 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

464

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 1st & 2nd Year Students on New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.2 Points of contact within the Physics Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2 #12;2 Physics at Lancaster 26 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

465

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 1st , 2nd & 3rd Year Students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.2 Points of contact within the Physics Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2 #12;2 Physics at Lancaster 26 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

466

PHYSICAL REVIEW A 83, 063419 (2011) Electromagnetically induced transparency in an open V-type molecular system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Theoretical Physics (NITheP) Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa 3 Department of Physics, 16 Memorial Drive East theoretical model we employ the density matrix formalism, as well as perturbative methods for obtaining-type system is of special interest because no population trapping is involved. Thus, such a system can be used

Huennekens, John

467

Three Dimensional Time Theory: to Unify the Principles of Basic Quantum Physics and Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interpreting quantum mechanics(QM) by classical physics seems like an old topic; And unified theory is in physics frontier; But because the principles of quantum physics and relativity are so different, any theories of trying to unify 4 nature forces should not be considered as completed without truly unifying the basic principles between QM and relativity. This paper will interpret quantum physics by using two extra dimensional time as quantum hidden variables. I'll show that three dimensional time is a bridge to connect basics quantum physics, relativity and string theory. ``Quantum potential'' in Bohm's quantum hidden variable theory is derived from Einstein Lagrangian in 6-dimensional time-space geometry. Statistical effect in the measurement of single particle, non-local properties, de Broglie wave can be naturally derived from the natural properties of three dimensional time. Berry phase, double-slit interference of single particle, uncertainty relation, wave-packet collapse are discussed. The spin and g factor are derived from geometry of extra two time dimensions. Electron can be expressed as time monopole. In the last part of this paper, I'll discuss the relation between three dimensional time and unified theory. Key words: Quantum hidden variable, Interpreting of quantum physics, Berry phase, three dimensional time, unified theory

Xiaodong Chen

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

468

Physics as quantum information processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experience from Quantum Information has lead us to look at Quantum Theory (QT) and the whole Physics from a different angle. The information-theoretical paradigm---"It from Bit'---prophesied by John Archibald Wheeler is relentlessly advancing. Recently it has been shown that QT is derivable from pure informational principles. The possibility that there is only QT at the foundations of Physics has been then considered, with space-time, Relativity, quantization rules and Quantum Field Theory (QFT) emerging from a quantum-information processing. The resulting theory is a discrete version of QFT with automatic relativistic invariance, and without fields, Hamiltonian, and quantization rules. In this paper I review some recent advances on these lines. In particular: i) How space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from the quantum computation; ii) The derivation of the Dirac equation as free information flow, without imposing Lorentz covariance; iii) the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and Planck constant; iv) An observable consequence of the theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will then conclude with two possible routes to Quantum Gravity.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano

2010-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

469

Nuclear Physics A 587 (1995) 787-801 (3He,t) reactions on unstable nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELSEVIER NUCLEAR PHYSICS A Nuclear Physics A 587 (1995) 787-801 (3He,t) reactions on unstable,t) reactions on unstable nuclei theoretically. Since this charge-exchange reaction takes place on the nuclear in nuclear physics since we got a new tool, "beams of unstable nuclei" [1,2]. Many experimentalists have

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

470

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More Information Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Cosmic Frontier Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges

471

Gravitational Waves from Coalescing Binary Black Holes: Theoretical and Experimental Challenges  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A network of ground-based interferometric gravitational wave detectors (LIGO/VIRGO/GEO/...) is currently taking data near its planned sensitivity. Coalescing black hole binaries are among the most promising, and most exciting, gravitational wave sources for these detectors. The talk will review the theoretical and experimental challenges that must be met in order to successfully detect gravitational waves from coalescing black hole binaries, and to be able to reliably measure the physical parameters of the source (masses, spins, ...).

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

472

Yale High Energy Physics Research: Precision Studies of Reactor Antineutrinos  

SciTech Connect

This reports presents experimental research at the intensity frontier of particle physics with particular focus on the study of reactor antineutrinos and the precision measurement of neutrino oscillations. The experimental neutrino physics group of Professor Heeger and Senior Scientist Band at Yale University has had leading responsibilities in the construction and operation of the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment and made critical contributions to the discovery of non-zero$\\theta_{13}$. Heeger and Band led the Daya Bay detector management team and are now overseeing the operations of the antineutrino detectors. Postdoctoral researchers and students in this group have made leading contributions to the Daya Bay analysis including the prediction of the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum, the analysis of the oscillation signal, and the precision determination of the target mass yielding unprecedented precision in the relative detector uncertainty. Heeger's group is now leading an R\\&D effort towards a short-baseline oscillation experiment, called PROSPECT, at a US research reactor and the development of antineutrino detectors with advanced background discrimination.

Heeger, Karsten M [Yale University

2014-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

473

Roscoe B White | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Roscoe B White Roscoe B White Principal Research Physicist, Plasma Physics Laboratory. Lecture Dr. White is a distinguished research fellow in the theory department and a faculty lecturer with rank of Professor. He graduated in Physics from the University of Minnesota and then obtained his Ph.D. in Physics from Princeton in 1963. After a year at the Lebedev Institute in Moscow as an Academy of Science exchange scientist, and two years at The International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, he taught for six years at UCLA. In 1972, he returned to Princeton, first for two years at the Institute for Advanced Study and then to PPPL. Primary interests include ideal and resistive magnetohydrodynamics, wave-particle interactions, and nonlinear dynamics. Contact Information

474

Current experiments in elementary particle physics  

SciTech Connect

This report contains summaries of 736 current and recent experiments in elementary particle physics (experiments that finished taking data before 1982 are excluded). Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna), KEK, LAMPF, Novosibirsk, PSI/SIN, Saclay, Serpukhov, SLAC, and TRIUMF, and also several underground experiments. Also given are instructions for searching online the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries. Properties of the fixed-target beams at most of the laboratories are summarized.

Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, F.E.; Trippe, T.G.; Yost, G.P. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Oyanagi, Y. (Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan)); Dodder, D.C. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Ryabov, Yu.G.; Slabospitsky, S.R. (Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Serpukhov (USSR). Inst. Fiziki Vysokikh Ehnergij); Frosch, R. (Swiss Inst. for Nuclear Research, Villigen (Switzerla

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Current experiments in elementary particle physics. Revised  

SciTech Connect

This report contains summaries of 584 current and recent experiments in elementary particle physics. Experiments that finished taking data before 1986 are excluded. Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, KEK, LAMPF, Novosibirsk, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Saclay, Serpukhov, SLAC, SSCL, and TRIUMF, and also several underground and underwater experiments. Instructions are given for remote searching of the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries.

Galic, H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Linear Accelerator Center; Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, B. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Dodder, D.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Klyukhin, V.I.; Ryabov, Yu.G. [Inst. for High Energy Physics, Serpukhov (Russian Federation); Illarionova, N.S. [Inst. of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lehar, F. [CEN Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Oyanagi, Y. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Sciences; Olin, A. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Frosch, R. [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Physics Beyond the Standard Model: Supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect

This collection of studies on new physics at the LHC constitutes the report of the supersymmetry working group at the Workshop 'Physics at TeV Colliders', Les Houches, France, 2007. They cover the wide spectrum of phenomenology in the LHC era, from alternative models and signatures to the extraction of relevant observables, the study of the MSSM parameter space and finally to the interplay of LHC observations with additional data expected on a similar time scale. The special feature of this collection is that while not each of the studies is explicitly performed together by theoretical and experimental LHC physicists, all of them were inspired by and discussed in this particular environment.

Nojiri, M.M.; /KEK, Tsukuba /Tsukuba, Graduate U. Adv. Studies /Tokyo U.; Plehn, T.; /Edinburgh U.; Polesello, G.; /INFN, Pavia; Alexander, John M.; /Edinburgh U.; Allanach, B.C.; /Cambridge U.; Barr, Alan J.; /Oxford U.; Benakli, K.; /Paris U., VI-VII; Boudjema, F.; /Annecy, LAPTH; Freitas, A.; /Zurich U.; Gwenlan, C.; /University Coll. London; Jager, S.; /CERN /LPSC, Grenoble

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

Dr Stephan Bremner

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

Summary of the Working Group on Spin Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A summary is given of the experimental and theoretical results presented in the working group on spin physics. New data on inclusive and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering, combined with theoretical studies of the polarized distribution functions of nucleons, were presented. Many talks addressed the relatively new subjects of transversity distributions and generalized parton distributions. These distributions can be studied by measuring single spin asymmetries, while partonic intrinsic motion and models of new spin dependent distribution and fragmentation functions are needed to obtain the corresponding theoretical description. These subjects are not only studied in deep-inelastic lepton scattering, but also in polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC. A selection of results that have been obtained in these experiments together with several associated theoretical ideas are presented in this paper. In conclusion, a brief sketch is given of the prospects for experimental and theoretical studies of the spin structure of the nucleon in the coming years.

Mauro Anselmino; Gerard van der Steenhoven

2003-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

479

Physics & Astronomy Degree options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

148 Physics & Astronomy Degree options BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Astrophysics Physics MPhys AND HL7 in Mathematics Physics and Astronomy (Gateway and International Gateway) Entry For UK students. Physics&Astronomy Subject enquiries Dr Kenny Wood E: physics@st-andrews.ac.uk Features * The nature

Brierley, Andrew

480

B Physics (Experiment)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In past few years the flavor physics made important transition from the work on confirmation the standard model of particle physics to the phase of search for effects of a new physics beyond standard model. In this paper we review current state of the physics of b-hadrons with emphasis on results with a sensitivity to new physics.

Michal Kreps

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Physics Resources for Teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics Resources for Teachers University of Wisconsin ­ Madison Department of Physics 1150 University Ave. Madison, WI 53706 wonders@physics.wisc.edu (608) 262-2927 Plasma Physics Web Resources Center Plasma Physics Lab http://science-education.pppl.gov/ Coalition for Plasma Science http

Collar, Juan I.

482

Department of Physics High Energy Physics Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Physics High Energy Physics Group Electrical Engineer (Job ref: 0004) The High Energy and experience. A job description and an application form can be obtained from http

483

S. Decout et al. 2010. Connectivity loss in human dominated landscape Forest Landscapes and Global Change-New Frontiers in Management, Conservation and Restoration. Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape Ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change-New Frontiers in Management, Conservation and Restoration. Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape between forest and aquatic habitats for breeding. Face to the growing need for maintaining connectivity conservation and for the maintenance of natural ecosystems stability and integrity. Landscape connectivity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) HEPAP Home Meetings Previous Meetings Members .pdf file (20KB) Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (44KB) HEP Committees of Visitors HEP Home Meetings High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Agenda High Energy Physics Advisory Panel Hilton Hotel 1750 Rockville Pike Rockville, Maryland August 27-28, 2012 Monday, August 27, 2012 NEWS FROM THE AGENCIES 9:00 a.m. DOE News .pdf file (2.7MB) J. Siegrist 9:30 a.m. Discussion 9:45 a.m. NSF News .pdf file (1.3MB) J. Dehmer 10:05 a.m. Discussion 10:20 a.m. BREAK ENERGY FRONTIER - LHC 10:50 a.m. Higgs Discovery - ATLAS .pdf file (10.1MB) F. Gianotti 11:30 a.m. Higgs Discovery - CMS .pdf file (7.6MB) D. Marlow

485

Top quarks as a probe for heavy new physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heaviest fermion is expected to couple strongly to new physics and appears therefore as a natural probe in many BSM scenarios. Moreover, top physics has now entered in a precision era thanks to the huge amount of top quarks produced at hadron colliders, advanced experimental methods and accurate theoretical predictions. In this talk, we will used effective field theory to search for heavy new physics in a model independent way. This method can also be used to quantify the room left for new physics if no deviation from the SM is found.

Celine Degrande

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

486

1. Physical constants 1 1. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Physical constants 1 1. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS Table 1.1. Reviewed 2011 by P.J. Mohr (NIST). Mainly in parentheses after the values give the 1-standard-deviation uncertainties in the last digits; the corresponding also P.J. Mohr and D.B. Newell, "Resource Letter FC-1: The Physics of Fundamental Constants," Am. J

487

Physics 4: Introductory Physics Electromagnetism and Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics 4: Introductory Physics Electromagnetism and Light Professor Jeffrey D. Richman Department: Electromagnetism and Light Welcome to Physics 4! What is your goal in life? If it is to become an engineer or to pursue a career in science, this is a key class for you. Understanding electromagnetism and light

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

488

Lowx physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiment led to the concept of the nuclear atom (Geiger & Marsden 1909...stronger y dependence at the cost of involving derivatives of r...collider physics. Cambridge Mono- graphs on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Cosmology, vol...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Peak Oil: Testing Hubberts Curve via Theoretical Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical model of conventional oil production has been developed. The model does ... method is correct, and does not use oil production data as an input. The theoretical ... agreement with actual production ...

S. H. Mohr; G. M. Evans

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Theoretical framework for R-parity violation  

SciTech Connect

We propose a theoretical framework for R-parity violation. It is realized by a class of Calabi-Yau compactification of heterotic string theory. Trilinear R-parity violation in superpotential is either absent or negligibly small without an unbroken symmetry, due to a selection rule based on charge counting of a spontaneously broken U(1) symmetry. Although such a selection rule cannot be applied in general to nonrenormalizable operators in the low-energy effective superpotential, it is valid for terms trilinear in low-energy degrees of freedom, and hence can be used as a solution to the dimension-4 proton decay problem in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Bilinear R-parity violation is generated, but there are good reasons why it is small enough to satisfy its upper bounds from neutrino mass and washout of baryon/lepton asymmetry. All R-parity violating dimension-5 operators can be generated. In this theoretical framework, nucleons can decay through squark-exchange diagrams combining dimension-5 and bilinear R-parity violating operators. B-L breaking neutron decay is predicted.

Kurimaya, Minoru; Nakajima, Hiroto; Watari, Taizan [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0033 (Japan)

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

THEORETICAL STUDIES OF HADRONS AND NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect

This report details final research results obtained during the 9 year period from June 1, 1997 through July 15, 2006. The research project, entitled ?Theoretical Studies of Hadrons and Nuclei?, was supported by grant DE-FG02-97ER41048 between North Carolina State University [NCSU] and the U. S. Department of Energy [DOE]. In compliance with grant requirements the Principal Investigator [PI], Professor Stephen R. Cotanch, conducted a theoretical research program investigating hadrons and nuclei and devoted to this program 50% of his time during the academic year and 100% of his time in the summer. Highlights of new, significant research results are briefly summarized in the following three sections corresponding to the respective sub-programs of this project (hadron structure, probing hadrons and hadron systems electromagnetically, and many-body studies). Recent progress is also discussed in a recent renewal/supplemental grant proposal submitted to DOE. Finally, full detailed descriptions of completed work can be found in the publications listed at the end of this report.

STEPHEN R COTANCH

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

492

Saturday Morning Physics - Talks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are now asking. pdf print version (pdf) Further information online Contemporary Physics Education Project The Particle Adventure Particle Physics - Education and Outreach...

493

B Physics: Theory Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an overview of B physics that can be done at the LHC with the purpose of searching for new physics.

David London

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

494

Office of Physical Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Physical Protection is comprised of a team of security specialists engaged in providing Headquarters-wide physical protection.

495

ORISE: Health physics services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

496

Carl A. Gagliardi PHYSICS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical Society Joseph B. Natowitz CHEMISTRY Heavy-ion reaction dynamics and thermodynamics - ACS Award in Nuclear Chemistry - Fellow, American Physical Society Ralf Rapp...

497

Laser-Plasma Coupling with Ignition-Scale Targets: New Regimes and Frontiers on the National Ignition Facility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is very exciting that the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is now operational and being used to irradiate ignition-scale hohlraums. As discussed in the last ... Summer School in Physics on the topic of laser-p...

William L. Kruer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

PHYSICAL REVIEW A 86, 053834 (2012) Axiomatic geometrical optics, Abraham-Minkowski controversy,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of linear waves of arbitrary nature. B. Field-theoretical approach Before photon properties canPHYSICAL REVIEW A 86, 053834 (2012) Axiomatic geometrical optics, Abraham-Minkowski controversy optics within the field-theoretical approach, the classical concept of a photon (and, more generally, any

499

Ecological Research Division Theoretical Ecology Program. [Contains abstracts  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the goals of the Theoretical Ecology Program and abstracts of research in progress. Abstracts cover both theoretical research that began as part of the terrestrial ecology core program and new projects funded by the theoretical program begun in 1988. Projects have been clustered into four major categories: Ecosystem dynamics; landscape/scaling dynamics; population dynamics; and experiment/sample design.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Learning Optimal Parameters in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning Optimal Parameters in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. A game-theoretic approach for learning optimal parameter values for probabilistic rough set. The decision-theoretic rough set model acquires initial values for these parameters through a combination

Yao, JingTao