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1

Energy Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass P5 Planning Process Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced...

2

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Frontiers of Particle Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diaries Frontiers of Particle Physics Frontiers of Particle Physics Three frontiers: energy, intensity and cosmic At Fermilab, a robust scientific program pushes forward on...

3

Frontiers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers Frontiers of Discovery Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S 06 Energy Frontier 08 CDF 09 DZero 10 CMS 11 LHC Remote Operations 12 SRF Technology 12 ILC 13 Muon Collider 14 Intensity Frontier 16 NOνA 17 MINOS 18 MicroBooNE 18 MiniBooNE 19 MINERνA 20 SRF Test Accelerator 21 Project X 22 LBNE 22 Liquid Argon 23 Mu2e 24 Cosmic Frontier 26 Pierre Auger 27 Dark Energy Survey 28 DAMIC 29 CDMS 30 COUPP 31 Holometer Robert Wilson, Fermilab's founding director, introduced the first American bison, a bull and four cows, to the Fermilab site in 1969. The bison symbolize the laboratory's historic connection to the great Midwestern prairie and Fermilab's role at the frontiers of research in particle physics. Frontiers of discovery What is the nature of the universe? What are matter and

4

Proton Accelerator Physics Continued| U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Frontier More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass P5 Planning Process Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical...

5

Theoretical Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Frontier Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

6

Frontiers in Chemical Physics and Analysis Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers in Chemical Physics and Analysis Seminar Series Aqueous Solvation in Extreme Conditions the application of classical chemical dynamics simulations possible for a broad range of problems. However, since

7

Frontiers in High-Energy Astroparticle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the discovery of evidence for neutrino mass, a vivid gamma ray sky at multi-TeV energies, and cosmic ray particles with unexpectedly high energies, astroparticle physics currently runs through an era of rapid progress and moving frontiers. The non-vanishing neutrino mass establishes one smooth component of dark matter which does not, however, supply a critical mass to the Universe. Other dark matter particles are likely to be very massive and should produce high-energy gamma rays, neutrinos, and protons in annihilations or decays. The search for exotic relics with new gamma ray telescopes, extensive air shower arrays, and underwater/-ice neutrino telescopes is a fascinating challenge, but requires to understand the astrophysical background radiations at high energies. Among the high-energy sources in the Universe, radio-loud active galactic nuclei seem to be the most powerful accounting for at least a sizable fraction of the extragalactic gamma ray flux. They could also supply the bulk of the observed cosmic rays at ultrahigh energies and produce interesting event rates in neutrino telescopes aiming at the kubic kilometer scale such as AMANDA and ANTARES. It is proposed that the extragalactic neutrino beam can be used to search for tau lepton appearance thus allowing for a proof of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis. Furthermore, a new method for probing the era of star formation at high redshifts using gamma rays is presented which requires new-generation gamma ray telescopes operating in the 10-100 GeV regime such as MAGIC and GLAST.

Karl Mannheim

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

8

Quarkonium at the Frontiers of High Energy Physics: A Snowmass White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Snowmass White Paper, we discuss physics opportunities involving heavy quarkonia at the intensity and energy frontiers of high energy physics. We focus primarily on two specific aspects of quarkonium physics for which significant advances can be expected from experiments at both frontiers. The first aspect is the spectroscopy of charmonium and bottomonium states above the open-heavy-flavor thresholds. Experiments at e^+ e^- colliders and at hadron colliders have discovered many new, unexpected quarkonium states in the last 10 years. Many of these states are surprisingly narrow, and some have electric charge. The observations of these charged quarkonium states are the first definitive discoveries of manifestly exotic hadrons. These results challenge our understanding of the QCD spectrum. The second aspect is the production of heavy quarkonium states with large transverse momentum. Experiments at the LHC are measuring quarkonium production with high statistics at unprecedented values of p_T. Recent theoretical developments may provide a rigorous theoretical framework for inclusive production of quarkonia at large p_T. Experiments at the energy frontier will provide definitive tests of this framework. Experiments at the intensity frontier also provide an opportunity to understand the exclusive production of quarkonium states.

Geoffrey T. Bodwin; Eric Braaten; Estia Eichten; Stephen Lars Olsen; Todd K. Pedlar; James Russ

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

9

Burning Plasma Physics -The Next Frontier Three Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Burning Plasma Physics - The Next Frontier Three Options (same scale) ITER-FEATFIRE IGNITOR US in Magnetic Fusion · Burning Plasma Performance Considerations · Compact High Field Approach - General for strengthening the base fusion sciences program 2. Directs DOE to submit a plan for a U.S. Burning Plasma

10

Non Accelerator Physics Continued| U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

11

Theoretical Physics in Cellular Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Physics in Cellular Biology: Some Illustrative Case Studies Living matter obeys the laws of physics, and the principles and methods of theoretical physics ought to find useful application observation, I will describe a few specific instances where approaches inspired by theoretical physics allow

12

Research in Theoretical Nuclear Physics  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical study of problems relevant to the hadron physics program at Jefferson Laboratory and at other laboratories around the world.

Capstick, Simon; Robson, Don

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

13

Charm physics: theoretical review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent developments in charm physics, focusing on the physics of charmed mesons. We discuss charm spectroscopy, decay constants, as well as searches for new physics with charmed mesons. We discuss D0-anti-D0 mixing and CP-violation in charm decays. We also present the modified Nelson plot of charm mixing predictions.

Alexey A. Petrov

2003-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

14

Cosmic Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Cosmic Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass P5 Planning Process Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More...

15

Fundamental physics at the intensity frontier. Report of the workshop held December 2011 in Rockville, MD.  

SciTech Connect

Particle physics aims to understand the universe around us. The Standard Model of particle physics describes the basic structure of matter and forces, to the extent we have been able to probe thus far. However, it leaves some big questions unanswered. Some are within the Standard Model itself, such as why there are so many fundamental particles and why they have different masses. In other cases, the Standard Model simply fails to explain some phenomena, such as the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe, the existence of dark matter and dark energy, and the mechanism that reconciles gravity with quantum mechanics. These gaps lead us to conclude that the universe must contain new and unexplored elements of Nature. Most of particle and nuclear physics is directed towards discovering and understanding these new laws of physics. These questions are best pursued with a variety of approaches, rather than with a single experiment or technique. Particle physics uses three basic approaches, often characterized as exploration along the cosmic, energy, and intensity frontiers. Each employs different tools and techniques, but they ultimately address the same fundamental questions. This allows a multi-pronged approach where attacking basic questions from different angles furthers knowledge and provides deeper answers, so that the whole is more than a sum of the parts. A coherent picture or underlying theoretical model can more easily emerge, to be proven correct or not. The intensity frontier explores fundamental physics with intense sources and ultra-sensitive, sometimes massive detectors. It encompasses searches for extremely rare processes and for tiny deviations from Standard Model expectations. Intensity frontier experiments use precision measurements to probe quantum effects. They typically investigate very large energy scales, even higher than the kinematic reach of high energy particle accelerators. The science addresses basic questions, such as: Are there new sources of CP violation? Is there CP violation in the leptonic sector? Are neutrinos their own antiparticles? Do the forces unify? Is there a weakly coupled hidden sector that is related to dark matter? Do new symmetries exist at very high energy scales? To identify the most compelling science opportunities in this area, the workshop Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier was held in December 2011, sponsored by the Office of High Energy Physics in the US Department of Energy Office of Science. Participants investigated the most promising experiments to exploit these opportunities and described the knowledge that can be gained from such a program. The workshop generated much interest in the community, as witnessed by the large and energetic participation by a broad spectrum of scientists. This document chronicles the activities of the workshop, with contributions by more than 450 authors. The workshop organized the intensity frontier science program along six topics that formed the basis for working groups: experiments that probe (i) heavy quarks, (ii) charged leptons, (iii) neutrinos, (iv) proton decay, (v) light, weakly interacting particles, and (vi) nucleons, nuclei, and atoms. The conveners for each working group included an experimenter and a theorist working in the field and an observer from the community at large. The working groups began their efforts well in advance of the workshop, holding regular meetings and soliciting written contributions. Specific avenues of exploration were identified by each working group. Experiments that study rare strange, charm, and bottom meson decays provide a broad program of measurements that are sensitive to new interactions. Charged leptons, particularly muons and taus, provide a precise probe for new physics because the Standard Model predictions for their properties are very accurate. Research at the intensity frontier can reveal CP violation in the lepton sector, and elucidate whether neutrinos are their own antiparticles. A very weakly coupled hidden-sector that may comprise the dark matter in the univ

Hewett, J.L.; Weerts, H.; Brock, R.; Butler, J.N.; Casey, B.C.K.; Lu, Z.T.; Wagner, C.E.M.; Dietrich, M.R.; Djurcic, Z.; Goodman, M.; Green, J.P.; Holt, R.J.; Mueller, P.; Paley, J.; Reimer, P.; Singh, J.; Upadhye, A. (High Energy Physics); ( PHY); (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center); (Univ. of Michigan); (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

16

Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports theoretical condensed matter physics with emphasis on the theory, modeling, and simulation of electronic correlations. A major thrust is nanoscale science, where links between the electronic, optical, mechanical, and magnetic properties of nanostructures

17

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges - Theoretical Physics| U.S. DOE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

18

Experimental And Theoretical High Energy Physics Research At UCLA  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the UCLA High Energy Physics DOE Grant No. DE-FG02- 91ER40662. This report covers the last grant project period, namely the three years beginning January 15, 2010, plus extensions through April 30, 2013. The report describes the broad range of our experimental research spanning direct dark matter detection searches using both liquid xenon (XENON) and liquid argon (DARKSIDE); present (ICARUS) and R&D for future (LBNE) neutrino physics; ultra-high-energy neutrino and cosmic ray detection (ANITA); and the highest-energy accelerator-based physics with the CMS experiment and CERNs Large Hadron Collider. For our theory group, the report describes frontier activities including particle astrophysics and cosmology; neutrino physics; LHC interaction cross section calculations now feasible due to breakthroughs in theoretical techniques; and advances in the formal theory of supergravity.

Cousins, Robert D. [University of California Los Angeles] [University of California Los Angeles

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

19

National Research Council Study on Frontiers in High-Energy-Density Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Fusion Fusion Power Associates Washington, DC 19­21 November 2003 #12;E12541 High-energy-density physicsNational Research Council Study on Frontiers in High-Energy-Density Physics David D. Meyerhofer (HEDP) is a rapidly growing research area · Pressures in excess of 1 Mbar constitute high-energy

20

Theoretical Physics continued | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

More Information More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Theoretical Physics More Information Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Though they are typically not directly involved in the planning,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Accelerators for Intensity Frontier Research  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel identified three frontiers for research in high energy physics, the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. In this paper, I will describe how Fermilab is configuring and upgrading the accelerator complex, prior to the development of Project X, in support of the Intensity Frontier.

Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

22

Theoretical Perspective of Charm Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A perspective on charm physics, emphasizing recent developments, future prospects, and the interplay with lattice QCD.

Kronfeld, Andreas S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Research in theoretical nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses topics in the following areas: Low energy nuclear reactions induced by light and heavy ions; medium energy physics; and nuclear structure. (LSP)

Udagawa, T.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Research in theoretical nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

The work done during the past year covers three separate areas, low energy nuclear reactions intermediate energy physics, and nuclear structure studies. This manuscript summarizes our achievements made in these three areas.

Udagawa, T.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Research in theoretical nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

The work done during the past year or so may be divided into three separate areas, low energy nuclear reactions, intermediate energy physics and nuclear structure studies. In this paper, we shall separately summarize our achievements made in these three areas.

Udagawa, Takeshi.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Center for Defect Physics - Energy Frontier Research Center (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'Center for Defect Physics - Energy Frontier Research Center' was submitted by the Center for Defect Physics (CDP) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CDP is directed by G. Malcolm Stocks at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and is a partnership of scientists from nine institutions: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead); Ames Laboratory; Brown University; University of California, Berkeley; Carnegie Mellon University; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Ohio State University; and University of Tennessee. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Stocks, G. Malcolm (Director, Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials); CDP Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

[Experimental and theoretical high energy physics program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental and theoretical high-energy physics research at Purdue is summarized in a number of reports. Subjects treated include the following: the CLEO experiment for the study of heavy flavor physics; gas microstrip detectors; particle astrophysics; affine Kac{endash}Moody algebra; nonperturbative mass bounds on scalar and fermion systems due to triviality and vacuum stability constraints; resonance neutrino oscillations; e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collisions at CERN; {bar p}{endash}p collisions at FNAL; accelerator physics at Fermilab; development work for the SDC detector at SSC; TOPAZ; D-zero physics; physics beyond the standard model; and the Collider Detector at Fermilab. (RWR)

Finley, J.; Gaidos, J.A.; Loeffler, F.J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Palfrey, T.R.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Intensity Frontier Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes findings of the 2013 Snowmass Community Summer Study Instrumentation Frontier's subgroup on the Intensity Frontier. This report is directed at identifying instrumentation R&D needed to support particle physics research over the coming decades at the Intensity Frontier.

S. H. Kettell; R. A. Rameika; R. S. Tschirhart

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

Theoretical Studies in Elementary Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect

This final report summarizes work at Penn State University from June 1, 1990 to April 30, 2012. The work was in theoretical elementary particle physics. Many new results in perturbative QCD, in string theory, and in related areas were obtained, with a substantial impact on the experimental program.

Collins, John C.; Roiban, Radu S

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Intensity Frontier: More Information | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intensity Intensity Frontier » Intensity Frontier: More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier: More Information Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Experiments at the Intensity Frontier aim to transform our understanding of

31

The Impact of Intrinsic Heavy Quark Distributions in the Proton on New Physics Searches at the High Intensity Frontier  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of an intense proton facility, at 'Project X' or elsewhere, will provide many new opportunities for searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. A Project X can serve a yet broader role in the search for new physics, and in this note we highlight the manner in which thus-enabled studies of the flavor structure of the proton, particularly of its intrinsic heavy quark content, facilitate other direct and indirect searches for new physics. Intrinsic heavy quarks in both light and heavy hadrons play a key role in searches for physics BSM with hadrons - and their study at the Intensity Frontier may prove crucial to establishing its existence.

Brodsky, Stanley; /SLAC; Gardner, Susan; /Kentucky U.

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

32

Instrumentation for the Energy Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Instrumentation Frontier was set up as a part of the Snowmass 2013 Community Summer Study to examine the instrumentation R&D needed to support particle physics research over the coming decade. This report summarizes the findings of the Energy Frontier subgroup of the Instrumentation Frontier.

Ulrich Heintz; Daniela Bortoletto; Marcus Hohlmann; Thomas LeCompte; Ron Lipton; Meenakshi Narain; Andrew White

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Theoretical Research at the High Energy Frontier: Cosmology, Neutrinos, and Beyond  

SciTech Connect

The DOE theory group grew from 2009-2012 from a single investigator, Lawrence Krauss, the PI on the grant, to include 3 faculty (with the addition of Maulik Parikh and Tanmay Vachaspati), and a postdoc covered by the grant, as well as partial support for a graduate student. The group has explored issues ranging from gravity and quantum field theory to topological defects, energy conditions in general relativity, primordial magnetic fields, neutrino astrophysics, quantum phases, gravitational waves from the early universe, dark matter detection schemes, signatures for dark matter at the LHC, and indirect astrophysical signatures for dark matter. In addition, we have run active international workshops each year, as well as a regular visitor program. As well, the PI's outreach activities, including popular books and articles, and columns for newspapers and magazines, as well as television and radio appearances have helped raise the profile of high energy physics internationally. The postdocs supported by the grant, James Dent and Roman Buniy have moved on successfully to a faculty positions in Louisiana and California.

Krauss, Lawrence M; Vachaspati, Tanmay; Parikh, Maulik

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

34

Energy Frontier Research Centers | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials Fluid Interface Reactions, Structure and Transport Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Energy Frontier Research Centers SHARE Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials research at ORNL is home to two Department of Energy-Office of Basic Energy Sciences' Energy Frontier Research Centers, the Fluid Interface Reaction, Structure, and Transport Center (FIRST), which focuses on understanding interfacial processes critical to electrical energy storage and catalysis, and the Center for Defect Physics, (CDP)

35

Theoretical and experimental studies of elementary physics  

SciTech Connect

The experimental high energy physics program is directed toward the execution of experiments that probe the basic constituents of matter and the forces between them. These experiments are carried out at national and international accelerator facilities. At the current time, we are primarily concentrating on the following projects: Direct photon production in hadronic reactions (Fermilab E706); Production of hybrid mesons in the nuclear Coulomb field; The D-Zero experiment at the Tevatron collider; Deep inelastic neutrino- and electron-nucleon scattering at FNAL and SLAC; Nonlinear QED at critical field strengths at SLAC; The Experiments at KEK (AMY, 17keV neutrino); The CDF experiment at the Tevatron collider; and SSC-related detector R D on scintillating tile- and diamond-based calorimetry and microstrip tracking detectors.

Bodek, A.; Ferbel, T.; Melissinos, A.C.; Olsen, S.; Slattery, P.; Tipton, P.; Das, A.; Hagen, C.R.; Rajeev, S.G.; Okubo, S.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

36

Theoretical Research in Cosmology, High-Energy Physics and String Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research was in the area of Theoretical Physics: Cosmology, High-Energy Physics and String Theory

Ng, Y Jack; Dolan, Louise; Mersini-Houghton, Laura; Frampton, Paul

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

37

An Experimental and Theoretical High Energy Physics Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Purdue High Energy Physics Group conducts research in experimental and theoretical elementary particle physics and experimental high energy astrophysics. Our goals, which we share with high energy physics colleagues around the world, are to understand at the most fundamental level the nature of matter, energy, space and time, and in order to explain the birth, evolution and fate of the Universe. The experiments in which we are currently involved are: CDF, CLEO-c, CMS, LSST, and VERITAS. We have been instrumental in establishing two major in-house facilities: The Purdue Particle Physics Microstructure Detector Facility (P3MD) in 1995 and the CMS Tier-2 center in 2005. The research efforts of the theory group span phenomenological and theoretical aspects of the Standard Model as well as many of its possible extensions. Recent work includes phenomenological consequences of supersymmetric models, string theory and applications of gauge/gravity duality, the cosmological implications of massive gravitons, and the physics of extra dimensions.

Shipsey, Ian

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Intensity-Frontier Antiproton Physics with The Antiproton Annihilation Spectrometer (TAPAS) at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab Antiproton Source is the world's most intense source of antimatter. With the Tevatron program now behind us, this unique facility can help make the case for Fermilab's continued accelerator operations. The Antiproton Source can be used for unique, dedicated antimatter studies, including medium-energy {bar p}-annihilation experiments. We propose to assemble a powerful, yet cost-effective, solenoidal magnetic spectrometer for antiproton-annihilation events, and to use it at the Fermilab Antiproton Accumulator to measure the charm production cross section, study rare hyperon decays, search for hyperon CP asymmetry, precisely measure the properties of several charmonium and nearby states, and make the first measurements of the Drell-Yan continuum in medium-energy antiproton annihilation. Should the charm production cross section be as large as some have proposed, we will also be able to measure D{sup 0}-{bar D}{sup 0} mixing with high precision and discover (or sensitively limit) charm CP violation. The observation of charm or hyperon CP violation would be evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model, with possible implications for the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the universe - the question of what happened to all the antimatter that must have been produced in the Big Bang. The experiment will be carried out by an international collaboration and will require some four years of running time. As possibly the sole hadron experiment in progress at Fermilab during that time, it will play an important role in maintaining a broad particle physics program at Fermilab and in the U.S. It will thus help us to continue attracting creative and capable young people into science and technology, and introducing them to the important technologies of accelerators, detectors, and data acquisition and analysis - key roles in society that accelerator-based particle physics has historically played.

Apollinari, Giorgio; /Fermilab; Asner, David M.; /PNL, Richland; Baldini, Wander; /INFN, Ferrara; Bartoszek, Larry; Broemmelsiek, Daniel R.; Brown, Charles N.; /Fermilab; Chakravorty, Alak; /St. Xavier U., Chicago; Colas, Paul; /Saclay; Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab; Drutskoy, Alexey; /Moscow, ITEP; Fortner, Michael; /Northern Illinois U. /Saclay /Indian Inst. Tech., Hyderabad

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computing Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing and Facility Infrastructures Conveners: Kenneth Bloom 1 , Richard Gerber 2 1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2 National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1.1 Introduction The field of particle physics has become increasingly reliant on large-scale computing resources to address the challenges of analyzing large datasets, completing specialized computations and simulations, and allowing for wide-spread participation of large groups of researchers. For a variety of reasons, these resources have become more distributed over a large geographic area, and some resources are highly specialized computing machines. In this report for the Snowmass Computing Frontier Study, we consider several questions about distributed computing

40

Electron Accelerator Based Physics Continued| U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Aspects and Scientific Challenges Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Theoretical atomic physics code development III TAPS: A display code for atomic physics data  

SciTech Connect

A large amount of theoretical atomic physics data is becoming available through use of the computer codes CATS and ACE developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. A new code, TAPS, has been written to access this data, perform averages over terms and configurations, and display information in graphical or text form. 7 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

Clark, R.E.H.; Abdallah, J. Jr.; Kramer, S.P.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Electron Accelerator-Based Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Aspects and Scientific Challenges Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

43

Theoretical studies in high energy nuclear physics. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a progress report for the period 1-1-93 to 6-30-95 on a project primarily directed at the application of high energy physics techniques to nuclear structure studies, and the ability to study hadron dynamics through interactions with nuclear targets. This work has included the first legitimate QCD calculations of hard coherent diffractive processes off nucleon (nuclear) targets which established novel features of color transparency phenomenon not anticipated in the previous intuitive or QCD inspired model calculations and predicted the fast increase of the cross section for electroproduction of {rho}-mesons with increase of the energy, which was confirmed very recently by the first HERA data on this reaction. First theoretical demonstration that color transparency phenomenon for the hard diffractive processes follow from QCD in the kinematics when both x{yields}0 and Q{sup 2}{yields}{infinity}. Establishing the pattern of color (cross section) fluctuations in hadrons. Confirmed by the FNAL inelastic diffraction data. Finding that in realistic quark, skyrmion models of a hadron large momentum transfer elastic lepton-hadron scattering occurs through formation of small spatial size configurations. Discovering a novel class of color transparency sensitive double interaction processes which is complementary to quasielastic reactions originally suggested by S. Brodsky and A. Mueller. Adopting ideas suggested elsewhere for hadron initiated reactions they developed a method for taking into account nuclear correlations in (e,e{prime}p) reactions. Such an approach gives practical possibility to overcome ambiguities of optical model approximation used before and to reliably interpret color transparency effects at intermediate Q{sup 2}.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Theoretical and high energy physics programs. Progress report, September 1, 1972--August 31, 1973  

SciTech Connect

Research in nuclear physics and elementary particle physics is described. The nuclear research is all theoretical, but the high energy research is both theoretical and experimental. The report is organized according to this three- way division of the research activities. It is warned that some of the results presented are tentative and may be modified before publication. A list of publications is presented. (auth)

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, T-5: Theoretical, T:...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pieter Swart Deputy Group Leader Kim Rasmussen Administration Charlotte Lehman Office Location TA-3, Bldg 508, Rm 204 Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, T-5 The group...

46

Physics of Condensed Matter and Complex Systems, T-4: Theoretical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of international leadership in correlated electrons, nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, and the foundations of quantum mechanics. The Physics of Condensed Matter and...

47

Intensity Frontier Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

The fundamental origin of flavor in the Standard Model (SM) remains a mystery. Despite the roughly eighty years since Rabi asked Who ordered that? upon learning of the discovery of the muon, we have not understood the reason that there are three generations or, more recently, why the quark and neutrino mixing matrices and masses are so different. The solution to the flavor problem would give profound insights into physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM) and tell us about the couplings and the mass scale at which the next level of insight can be found. The SM fails to explain all observed phenomena: new interactions and yet unseen particles must exist. They may manifest themselves by causing SM reactions to differ from often very precise predictions. The Intensity Frontier (1) explores these fundamental questions by searching for new physics in extremely rare processes or those forbidden in the SM. This often requires massive and/or extremely finely tuned detectors.

Kettell S.; Rameika, R.; Tshirhart, B.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

48

Theoretical atomic physics code development at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a set of computer codes for atomic physics calculations at Los Alamos. These codes can calculate a large variety of data with a minimum of effort on the part of the user. In particular, differential cross sections and electron impact coherence parameters can be readily obtained for arbitrary ions or atoms. Currently, the theory consists of non-relativistic Hartree-Fock structure calculations and non relativistic distorted wave approximation or first order many body theory collisional calculations. 12 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

Clark, R.E.H.; Abdallah, J. Jr.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Some highlights of theoretical and computational plasma physics  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the selection are to provide some insight into the basic models, to give some impression of the difficult nature of the equations, to show some of the present understanding of the nonlinear consequences of the equations, and to illustrate the remarks with computational studies. The physical situations envisaged are always closely related to the Tokamaks or Mirror Machines described in the first pair of lectures. The aim of this plasma theory is to describe equilibria, stability of the equilibria, and the transport of energy and particles out of a plasma. These three topics separate naturally according to the time and space scales of the phenomena involved and the plasma models reflect this.

McNamara, B.

1977-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

50

Theoretical Physics Division annual report, January--December 1975. Volume 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discussions of theoretical work during this period are reported for the following general areas: (1) atomic, molecular, and nuclear physics, (2) laser fusion, propagation, and effects, (3) pulsed power and plasma physics, (4) energy and the environment, and (5) related research. (MOW)

Wainwright, T.; Tarter, B.

1976-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

51

The first dozen years of the history of ITEP Theoretical Physics Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical investigations at ITEP in the years 1945-1958 are reviewed. There are exposed the most important theoretical results, obtained in the following branches of physics: 1) the theory of nuclear reactors on thermal neutrons; 2) the hydrogen bomb project ("Tube" in USSR and "Classical Super" in USA); 3) radiation theory; ~4) low temperature physics; 5) quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theories; 6) parity violation in weak interactions, the theory of $\\beta$-decay and other weak processes; 7) strong interaction and nuclear physics. To the review are added the English translations of few papers, originally published in Russian, but unknown (or almost unknown) to Western readers.

Ioffe, B L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

The first dozen years of the history of ITEP Theoretical Physics Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical investigations at ITEP in the years 1945-1958 are reviewed. There are exposed the most important theoretical results, obtained in the following branches of physics: 1) the theory of nuclear reactors on thermal neutrons; 2) the hydrogen bomb project ("Tube" in USSR and "Classical Super" in USA); 3) radiation theory; ~4) low temperature physics; 5) quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theories; 6) parity violation in weak interactions, the theory of $\\beta$-decay and other weak processes; 7) strong interaction and nuclear physics. To the review are added the English translations of few papers, originally published in Russian, but unknown (or almost unknown) to Western readers.

B. L. Ioffe

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy Frontier Research Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontier Research Centers Science for our Nation's Energy Future US Department of Energy Office of Science www.energyfrontier.us 43 ABOVE: CFSES addresses safe, secure and...

54

Theoretical Atomic Physics code development II: ACE: Another collisional excitation code  

SciTech Connect

A new computer code for calculating collisional excitation data (collision strengths or cross sections) using a variety of models is described. The code uses data generated by the Cowan Atomic Structure code or CATS for the atomic structure. Collisional data are placed on a random access file and can be displayed in a variety of formats using the Theoretical Atomic Physics Code or TAPS. All of these codes are part of the Theoretical Atomic Physics code development effort at Los Alamos. 15 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Clark, R.E.H.; Abdallah, J. Jr.; Csanak, G.; Mann, J.B.; Cowan, R.D.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

[Experimental and theoretical high energy physics program]. [Purdue Univ. , West Lafayette, Indiana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental and theoretical high-energy physics research at Purdue is summarized in a number of reports. Subjects treated include the following: the CLEO experiment for the study of heavy flavor physics; gas microstrip detectors; particle astrophysics; affine Kac[endash]Moody algebra; nonperturbative mass bounds on scalar and fermion systems due to triviality and vacuum stability constraints; resonance neutrino oscillations; e[sup +]e[sup [minus

Finley, J.; Gaidos, J.A.; Loeffler, F.J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Palfrey, T.R.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Physics Print Because a large proportion of ALS experiments are "physics" experiments, it's useful to separate them into two categories - one focused on Materials/Condensed Matter, and this one, with a dual focus on AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical) physics and accelerator physics. Light sources such as the ALS have opened up research frontiers that may hold the answers to fundamental questions about structure and dynamics in AMO physics. The advanced spectroscopies that have been developed here provide the ability to control and probe atomic and molecular processes with unprecedented precision. In particular, the spectral resolution, brightness, broad tunability, and polarization control generate novel avenues for the study of tailored states, inner-shell processes, and nonperturbative electron interactions. Driven by the high brightness of the ALS, a whole new world of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray physics has emerged through the development of combined techniques to excite, select, and probe atoms, molecules, and clusters.

57

Frontiers of Particle Beam Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low Emittance e--e+ Beams, Brookhaven National Laboratory,Island, NY, October 1988, Brookhaven National Laboratory,Low Emittance e--e+ Beams, Brookhaven National Laboratory,

Sessler, Andrew M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Some Frontiers of Accelerator Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center, Stanford, CA, SLAC-PUB- 5060, Lawrence BerkeleyConference, June 2-6, 1986, SLAC, 385 (1986); AM. SesslerCenter, Stanford, CA, SLAC-PUB-5039, Lawrence Livermore

Sessler, Andrew M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Intensity Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

more detail may lead to the answers to a number of big questions in particle physics. Quantum mechanics is what allows Intensity Frontier research to answer these questions by...

60

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Print Physics Print Because a large proportion of ALS experiments are "physics" experiments, it's useful to separate them into two categories - one focused on Materials/Condensed Matter, and this one, with a dual focus on AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical) physics and accelerator physics. Light sources such as the ALS have opened up research frontiers that may hold the answers to fundamental questions about structure and dynamics in AMO physics. The advanced spectroscopies that have been developed here provide the ability to control and probe atomic and molecular processes with unprecedented precision. In particular, the spectral resolution, brightness, broad tunability, and polarization control generate novel avenues for the study of tailored states, inner-shell processes, and nonperturbative electron interactions. Driven by the high brightness of the ALS, a whole new world of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray physics has emerged through the development of combined techniques to excite, select, and probe atoms, molecules, and clusters.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Experiments at the Intensity Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Intensity Frontier, accessed with a combination of intense particle beams and highly sensitive detectors, offers a second, unique investigation

62

Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Cosmic Frontier reveals the nature of dark matter and dark energy by using particles from space to explore new phenomena. Cosmic rays in the

63

Experiments at the Energy Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Frontier Energy Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Facility Ops Experiments at the Energy Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier Projects, Missions, and Status HEP User Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Facilities Experiments at the Energy Frontier Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Energy Frontier directly explores the fundamental constituents and architecture of the universe. Here accelerators produce the highest-energy

64

Theoretical Atomic Physics code development IV: LINES, A code for computing atomic line spectra  

SciTech Connect

A new computer program, LINES, has been developed for simulating atomic line emission and absorption spectra using the accurate fine structure energy levels and transition strengths calculated by the (CATS) Cowan Atomic Structure code. Population distributions for the ion stages are obtained in LINES by using the Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) model. LINES is also useful for displaying the pertinent atomic data generated by CATS. This report describes the use of LINES. Both CATS and LINES are part of the Theoretical Atomic PhysicS (TAPS) code development effort at Los Alamos. 11 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Abdallah, J. Jr.; Clark, R.E.H.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Report of the Snowmass 2013 energy frontier QCD working group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the summary report of the energy frontier QCD working group prepared for Snowmass 2013. We review the status of tools, both theoretical and experimental, for understanding the strong interactions at colliders. We attempt to prioritize important directions that future developments should take. Most of the efforts of the QCD working group concentrate on proton-proton colliders, at 14 TeV as planned for the next run of the LHC, and for 33 and 100 TeV, possible energies of the colliders that will be necessary to carry on the physics program started at 14 TeV. We also examine QCD predictions and measurements at lepton-lepton and lepton-hadron colliders, and in particular their ability to improve our knowledge of strong coupling constant and parton distribution functions.

J. M. Campbell; K. Hatakeyama; J. Huston; F. Petriello; J. Andersen; L. Barze; H. Beauchemin; T. Becher; M. Begel; A. Blondel; G. Bodwin; R. Boughezal; S. Carrazza; M. Chiesa; G. Dissertori; S. Dittmaier; G. Ferrera; S. Forte; N. Glover; T. Hapola; A. Huss; X. Garcia i Tormo; M. Grazzini; S. Hoche; P. Janot; T. Kasprzik; M. Klein; U. Klein; D. Kosower; Y. Li; X. Liu; P. Mackenzie; D. Maitre; E. Meoni; K. Mishra; G. Montagna; M. Moretti; P. Nadolsky; O. Nicrosini; F. Piccinini; L. Reina; V. Radescu; J. Rojo; J. Russ; S. Sapeta; A. Schwartzman; P. Skands; J. Smillie; I. W. Stewart; F. J. Tackmann; F. Tramontano; R. Van de Water; J. R. Walsh; S. Zuberi

2013-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

66

Research | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Experimental Fusion Research Theoretical Fusion Research Basic Plasma Science Plasma Astrophysics Other Physics and Engineering Research PPPL Technical Reports Education Organization Contact Us Overview Experimental Fusion Research Theoretical Fusion Research Basic Plasma Science Plasma Astrophysics Other Physics and Engineering Research PPPL Technical Reports Research The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is dedicated to developing fusion as a clean and abundant source of energy and to advancing the frontiers of plasma science. The Laboratory pursues these goals through experiments and computer simulations of the behavior of plasma, the hot electrically charged gas that fuels fusion reactions and has a wide range of practical applications.

67

Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through superconductivity Dean Peterson discusses the science of high-temperature superconductivity in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures. June 12, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

68

The Climate Adaptation Frontier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate adaptation has emerged as a mainstream risk management strategy for assisting in maintaining socio-ecological systems within the boundaries of a safe operating space. Yet, there are limits to the ability of systems to adapt. Here, we introduce the concept of an adaptation frontier , which is defined as a socio-ecological system s transitional adaptive operating space between safe and unsafe domains. A number of driving forces are responsible for determining the sustainability of systems on the frontier. These include path dependence, adaptation/development deficits, values conflicts and discounting of future loss and damage. The cumulative implications of these driving forces are highly uncertain. Nevertheless, the fact that a broad range of systems already persist at the edge of their frontiers suggests a high likelihood that some limits will eventually be exceeded. The resulting system transformation is likely to manifest as anticipatory modification of management objectives or loss and damage. These outcomes vary significantly with respect to their ethical implications. Successful navigation of the adaptation frontier will necessitate new paradigms of risk governance to elicit knowledge that encourages reflexive reevaluation of societal values that enable or constrain sustainability.

Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Theoretical atomic physics code development I: CATS: Cowan Atomic Structure Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adaptation of R.D. Cowan's Atomic Structure program, CATS, has been developed as part of the Theoretical Atomic Physics (TAPS) code development effort at Los Alamos. CATS has been designed to be easy to run and to produce data files that can interface with other programs easily. The CATS produced data files currently include wave functions, energy levels, oscillator strengths, plane-wave-Born electron-ion collision strengths, photoionization cross sections, and a variety of other quantities. This paper describes the use of CATS. 10 refs.

Abdallah, J. Jr.; Clark, R.E.H.; Cowan, R.D.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Enabling Intensity and Energy Frontier Science with a Muon Accelerator Facility in the U.S.: A White Paper Submitted to the 2013 U.S. Community Summer Study of the Division of Particles and Fields of the American Physical Society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A staged approach towards muon based facilities for Intensity and Energy Frontier science, building upon existing and proposed facilities at Fermilab, is presented. At each stage, a facility exploring new physics also provides an R&D platform to validate the technology needed for subsequent stages. The envisioned program begins with nuSTORM, a sensitive sterile neutrino search which also provides precision neutrino cross-section measurements while developing the technology of using and cooling muons. A staged Neutrino Factory based upon Project X, sending beams towards the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF), which will house the LBNE detector, could follow for detailed exploration of neutrino properties at the Intensity Frontier, while also establishing the technology of using intense bunched muon beams. The complex could then evolve towards Muon Colliders, starting at 126 GeV with measurements of the Higgs resonance to sub-MeV precision, and continuing to multi-TeV colliders for the exploration of physics beyond the Standard Model at the Energy Frontier. An Appendix addresses specific questions raised by the Lepton Colliders subgroup of the CSS2013 Frontier Capabilities Study Group.

J-P. Delahaye; C. Ankenbrandt; A. Bogacz; S. Brice; A. Bross; D. Denisov; E. Eichten; P. Huber; D. M. Kaplan; H. Kirk; R. Lipton; D. Neuffer; M. A. Palmer; R. Palmer; R. Ryne; P. Snopok

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Energy Frontier Research Center Events  

Office of Science (SC) Website

events/ The Office events/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {7ED2520F-2DB2-435D-8CBE-DEC18A03F324}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/efrc-events/princeton-cefrc-summer-program-on-combustion-2013-session/ Princeton-CEFRC Summer Program on Combustion: 2013 Session The Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center at Princeton University will host a summer program on Combustion. Mon, 11 Mar 2013 00:00:00 -0400 {0C172CD4-47D1-4231-A89B-7C7C4F0CA5E4}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/efrc-events/approaches-to-ultrahigh-efficiency-solar-energy-conversion-webinar/

72

U.S. DOE Energy Frontier Research Center Announcements  

Office of Science (SC) Website

doe-announcements/ The doe-announcements/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {2FC67298-672C-476B-B645-000DED9B5398}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/doe-announcements/doe-to-award-$100-million-for-energy-frontier-research-centers/ DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced a proposed $100 million in FY2014 funding for Energy Frontier Research Centers to accelerate the scientific

73

BNL | Physics of the Universe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Core Capabilities Facilities Physics of the Universe image Exploring the Frontiers of Energy, Intensity and the Cosmos Brookhaven leads high-energyparticle physics experiments...

74

Theoretical atomic collision physics. Final report, July 1, 1987-- June 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of research activities supported by the most recent grant to the theoretical atomic collision physics program at Rice University. For this most recent 3-year grant, the focus has been the study of excitation and charge-transfer in atom-atom and ion-atom collisions. Emphasis has been placed on low-velocity collision processes involving initially excited atoms, including ``low Rydberg`` atoms. Two particular objectives of this research were to examine the dependence of state-changing collision cross sections and other observables on the orientation and alignment of the initial excited orbitals and to look for ``intracollisional interference`` effects, speculated to arise from spatially separated interactions during a collision involving a highly excited atom. A number of radiative and non-radiative charge transfer studies involving ground-state atoms and ions were continued from the previous grant period. Several unanticipated personnel changes prevented execution of some of the proposed research, including the studies of collisions involving negative ions and electron-attaching atoms and the development of new theoretical techniques for handling the ``strong coupling`` regime. These remain challenging and fundamentally important research topics. Research highlights briefly described in the report deal with: spherical and non-spherical low-Rydberg atom collisions; alignment effects in collisions of Na(3p) with He{sup +} ions; near-resonant electron capture at very low energies; ion-atom and ion-molecule collisions, including electron capture; and low- energy processes involving collisions of H{sup +} with He, Na, and K atoms. The report also lists publications since 1991 reporting on the grant work.

Walters, G.K.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

LHC Discovers New Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The newest particle physics instruments for the energy frontier are CERN's Large hadron Collider and its detectors. Physicists look for new science by looking for the...

76

Internships for Physics Majors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fermilab's IPM program offers ten-week summer internships to outstanding undergraduate physics majors. This program has been developed to familiarize students with opportunities at the frontiers of...

77

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tevatron at Fermilab Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Proposed Projects and Experiments Inside view of drift tube in older 200 MeV section of Linac. Inside view of drift tube in older 200 MeV section of Linac. Energy Frontier Collider Physics To explore the smallest particles, those inside an atom, physicists use the largest of scientific instruments, particle accelerators with a length measured in miles. These giant tools of particle physics can accelerate particles to very close to the speed of light. All particle accelerators start from the principle that electrically charged objects exert a force on each other--opposite charges attract; like charges repel. If there are no other forces keeping the objects in place,

78

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Cosmic Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photo-cosmic photo-cosmic Cosmic Frontier Particle physics experiments at the Cosmic Frontier use the cosmos as a laboratory to investigate the fundamental laws of physics. Researchers use detectors to study particles from space as they approach and enter our atmosphere in forms such as cosmic rays, gamma rays and neutrinos emitted by the sun. These experiments allow researchers to test theories about how the universe was formed, what it is made of and what its future holds. Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier may have the best chance of discovering the nature of dark matter and dark energy. Theorists have concluded that these two mysterious materials constitute 96 percent of the universe and may be responsible for its formation and accelerating expansion. WIMPS and dark matter

79

Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers' was submitted by the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was both the People's Choice Award winner and selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'exemplary explanation of the role of an Energy Frontier Research Center'. The Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is directed by Peter F. Green at the University of Michigan. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is 'to study complex material structures on the nanoscale to identify key features for their potential use as materials to convert solar energy and heat to electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Green, Peter F. (Director, Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan); CSTEC Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE: Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Role of XAFS in Advancing the Frontiers of Molecular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Role of XAFS in Advancing the Frontiers of Molecular Environmental Science Donald L. Sparks S information on the molecular aspects and interactions of a compounds No direct electronic information Magnetic under high vacuum (ex-situ) #12;#12;Molecular Environmental Science Study of the chemical and physical

Sparks, Donald L.

82

NIST Physics Lab: Tech. Activities 2005-2007 - Vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Quantum Physics Division: to make transformational advances at the frontiers of measurement science, in partnership with the University of ...

83

Phil Wallace and Theoretical Physics at McGill in the 1950's: A Personal Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1967 B.Sc. , 54, M.Sc. 55 (Manitoba); Ph.D. 57, Physics (Kahana, B.Sc. '54, M.Sc. '55 (Manitoba; Ph.D. '57 Physics (

Jackson, John David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

theoretical physicsCTPR. L. Jaffe, APS April meeting Denver, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of solar energy 26. Biological sources and fossil fuels 27-29. The physics of wind energy 30. Hydro. Biological sources and fossil fuels 27-29. The physics of wind energy 30. Hydro and geothermal energy 31. Biological sources and fossil fuels 27-29. The physics of wind energy 30. Hydro and geothermal energy 31

Egedal, Jan

85

Experimental and theoretical work in plasma physics. Annual status report, 31 December 1975  

SciTech Connect

Experimental topics discussed are the high-beta experiment SPICA, turbulent plasma heating, and gas blanket research. Theoretical topics concern Tokamak and screw-pinch configurations, as well as transport theory.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Snowmass 2013 Computing Frontier: Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing has become a major component of all particle physics experiments and in many areas of theoretical particle physics. Progress in HEP experiment and theory will require significantly more computing, software development, storage, and networking, with different projects stretching future capabilities in different ways. However, there are many common needs among different areas in HEP, so more community planning is advised to increase efficiency. Careful and continuing review of the topics we studied, i.e., user needs and capabilities of current and future technology, is needed.

Gregory Bell; Michael Ernst

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

87

Research in theoretical nuclear physics. Progress report, November 1, 1989--September 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses topics in the following areas: Low energy nuclear reactions induced by light and heavy ions; medium energy physics; and nuclear structure. (LSP)

Udagawa, T.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Frontier Associates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frontier Associates Frontier Associates Jump to: navigation, search Name Frontier Associates Address 1515 S Capital of Texas Hwy Place Austin, Texas Zip 78746 Sector Efficiency Product Design, evaluation and implementation of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and pricing programs Website http://www.frontierassoc.com/ Coordinates 30.273701°, -97.816775° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.273701,"lon":-97.816775,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

89

Theoretical studies in hadronic and nuclear physics. Progress report, July 1, 1994--June 1, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This progress report contains 36 items of research work done by ten members of the University of Maryland Nuclear Theory Group with 21 outside collaborators from various institutions in the US, Canada, Korea and Europe. The report is in four sections, each representing major and basic areas of interest in nuclear theory. The sections are as follows: (1) hadrons in nuclei and nuclear matter; (2) hadron physics; (3) relativistic dynamics in quark, hadron and nuclear physics; (4) heavy ion dynamics and related processes.

Banerjee, M.K.; Griffin, J.J.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Science Frontiers at Petascale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and physics- inclusive simulations of an entire nuclear reactor core and provide insight into pro- cesses use. physics in ways unimaginable when science had just two pillars--theory and experiment. Computing into complex challenges, including the design of future car batteries, the operation of a nuclear fusion

91

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports experimental condensed matter physics emphasizing the relationship between the electronic structure and the properties of complex materials, often at the nanoscale. The focus is on systems whose behavior derives from strong correlation effects of electrons

92

Computational and Theoretical Chemistry | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research in Computational and Theoretical Chemistry emphasizes integration and development of new and existing theoretical and computational approaches for the accurate and efficient description of processes relevant to the BES mission. Supported efforts are tightly integrated with the research and goals of the Condensed-Phase and Interfacial Molecular Sciences and Gas Phase Chemical Physics programs-which together comprise

93

SPECTRAL SHIFT CONTROL REACTOR BASIC PHYSICS PROGRAM-THEORETICAL ANALYSIS. PART II. BPG COMPUTER PROGRAM REPORT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The BPG code was written to compute the criticality of reactors using all kinds or moderators, specifically including mixtures of H/sub 2/O and D/sub 2/ O. Since slowing down with hydrogen moderator is susceptible to exact calculation, and since the Fermi age equation accurately treats heavy moderators such as carbon, the important innovations in this code deal with the transition from light to heavy scatter, and particularly with the treatment of moderation by deuterium. Included in the description of the code are derivation of the equations, physical data for the calculations, input and output format, and general operating conditions for use with the Burroughs 205 computer. (M.C.G.)

de Coulon, G.A.G.; Gates, L.D.; Worley, W.R.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Theoretical and experimental studies of elementary physics. Annual technical progress report  

SciTech Connect

The experimental high energy physics program is directed toward the execution of experiments that probe the basic constituents of matter and the forces between them. These experiments are carried out at national and international accelerator facilities. At the current time, we are primarily concentrating on the following projects: Direct photon production in hadronic reactions (Fermilab E706); Production of hybrid mesons in the nuclear Coulomb field; The D-Zero experiment at the Tevatron collider; Deep inelastic neutrino- and electron-nucleon scattering at FNAL and SLAC; Nonlinear QED at critical field strengths at SLAC; The Experiments at KEK (AMY, 17keV neutrino); The CDF experiment at the Tevatron collider; and SSC-related detector R&D on scintillating tile- and diamond-based calorimetry and microstrip tracking detectors.

Bodek, A.; Ferbel, T.; Melissinos, A.C.; Olsen, S.; Slattery, P.; Tipton, P.; Das, A.; Hagen, C.R.; Rajeev, S.G.; Okubo, S.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

95

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series Presented by... Professor thermal imaging, chemical delivery and other new horizons. Finally, as part of this lecture, Lewis

96

A Bayesian approach to comparing theoretic models to observational data: A case study from solar flare physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar flares are large-scale releases of energy in the solar atmosphere, which are characterized by rapid changes in the hydrodynamic properties of plasma from the photosphere to the corona. Solar physicists have typically attempted to understand these complex events using a combination of theoretical models and observational data. From a statistical perspective, there are many challenges associated with making accurate and statistically significant comparisons between theory and observations, due primarily to the large number of free parameters associated with physical models. This class of ill-posed statistical problem is ideally suited to Baysian methods. In this paper, the solar flare studied by Raftery et al. (2008) is reanalysed using a Baysian framework. This enables us to study the evolution of the flare's temperature, emission measure and energy loss in a statistically self-consistent manner. The Baysian-based techniques confirm that both conductive and non-thermal beam heating play important roles i...

Adamakis, S; Walsh, R W; Gallagher, P T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Research program in theoretical high-energy physics. Progress report. [Summaries of research activities at Brown Univ  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Last year's research program dealt with a large range of topics in high energy theoretical physics. Included in the problems studied were: flavor mixing angles in flavor gauge theory; grand unification schemes; neutral current phenomenology; charmonium decays; perturbative aspects of soft hadronic phenomena within the framework of the dual topological expansion; Regge trajectory slopes and the shape of the inclusive spectra; bound states in quantum electrodynamics; calculations of the Lamb Shift and hyperfine splitting in hydrogen (and muonium) through order ..cap alpha..(Z..cap alpha..)/sup 6/; perturbation theory resummation techniques; collective behavior of instantons in quantum chromodynamics; 1/N expansion and mean field expansion techniques (applied to the nonlinear sigma model, classical solutions to Yang-Mills theories, and renormalized four-Fermi models of weak interactions); semiclassical calculation of Z/sub 1/(..cap alpha..) in scalar QED; group theoretic studies of spontaneous symmetry breaking; fibre bundles applied to the topological aspects of gauge theories; strong-coupling expansions (as an aspect of infrared behavior, as a systematic perturbation expansion with reference to lattice extrapolation, applied to classical statistical mechanics, applied to problems with nonquadratic kinetic energy terms, and in transfer matrix formulations); eikonal methods (three-body Coulomb scattering, quark-antiquark potentials); computer augmented solutions to quantum field theory; topological excitations in two-dimensional models and WKB approximation on a lattice. A list of publications is included.

Feldman, D.; Fried, H.M.; Guralnik, G.S.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Theoretical studies in hadronic and nuclear physics. Progress report, December 1, 1992--June 30 , 1993  

SciTech Connect

Research in the Maryland Nuclear Theory Group focusses on problems in four basic areas of current relevance. The section on Hadrons in Nuclei reports research into the ways in which the properties of nucleons and the mesons which play a role in the nuclear force are modified in the nuclear medium. QCD sum rules supply a new insight into the decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium. The quark condensate decreases in nuclear matter, and this is responsible for the decrease of the nucleon`s mass. The section on the Structure of Hadrons reports progress in understanding the structure of the nucleon. These results cover widely different approaches -- lattice gauge calculations, QCD sum rules, quark-meson models with confinement and other hedgehog models. Progress in Relativistic Nuclear Physics is reported on electromagnetic interactions in a relativistic bound state formalism, with applications to elastic electron scattering by deuterium, and on application of a two-body quasipotential equation to calculate the spectrum of mesons formed as bound states of a quark and antiquark. A Lorentz-invariant description of the nuclear force suggests a decrease of the nucleon`s mass in the nuclear medium similar to that found from QCD sum rules. Calculations of three-body bound states with simple forms of relativistic dynamics are also discussed. The section on Heavy Ion Dynamics and Related Processes describes progress on the (e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}) problem and heavy-on dynamics. In particular, the sharp electrons observed in {beta}{sup +} irradiation of heavy atoms have recently been subsumed into the ``Composite Particle Scenario,`` generalizing the ``(e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}-Puzzle`` of the pairs from heavy ion collisions to the ``Sharp Lepton Problem.``

Griffin, J.J.; Cohen, T.D.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Citations to Journal Articles from Energy Frontier Research Centers...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Citations to Journal Articles from Energy Frontier Research Centers Now Available on OSTI's SciTech Connect Energy Frontier Research Centers map displaying 46 EFRCs in 35 states...

100

DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

DOE to Award 100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events...

102

Quantum cryptography for security challenges to be topic of Frontiers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Quantum cryptography for security challenges to be topic of Frontiers in Science lectures Richard Hughes discusses the basics of cryptography and...

103

Experimental and theoretical high energy physics research. Annual grant progress report (FDP), January 15, 1993--January 14, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Progress on seven tasks is reported. (I)UCLA hadronization model, antiproton decay, PEP4/9 e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} analysis: In addition to these topics, work on CP and CPT phenomenology at a {phi} factory and letters of support on the hadronization project are included. (II)ICARUS detector and rare B decays with hadron beams and colliders: Developments are summarized and some typcial events as shown; in addition, the RD5 collaboration at CERN and the asymmetric {phi} factory project are sketched. (III)Theoretical physics: Feynman diagram calculations in gauge theory; supersymmetric standard model; effects of quantum gravity in breaking of global symmetries; models of quark and lepton substructure; renormalized field theory; large-scale structure in the universe and particle-astrophysics/early universe cosmology. (IV)H dibaryon search at BNL, kaon experiments (E799/KTeV) at Fermilab: Project design and some scatterplots are given. (V)UCLA participation in the experiment CDF at Fermilab. (VI)Detectors for hadron physics at ultrahigh energy colliders: Scintillating fiber and visible light photon counter research. (VII)Administrative support and conference organization.

Cline, D.B.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Physical Behavior of Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical Behavior of Materials Physical Behavior of Materials Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Behavior of Materials Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports basic research on the behavior of materials in response to external stimuli, such as temperature, electromagnetic fields, chemical environments, and the proximity effects of surfaces and interfaces. Emphasis is on the relationships between performance (such as

105

Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research is supported to understand, design, and control materials properties and function. These goals are accomplished through studies of the relationship of materials structures to their electrical, optical, magnetic, surface reactivity, and mechanical properties and of the way in

106

Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

107

Background | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise...

108

Theoretical nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics: Exact 1-loop vacuum polarization effects in 1 + 1 dimensional QHD; exact 1-fermion loop contributions in 1 + 1 dimensional solitons; exact scalar 1-loop contributions in 1 + 3 dimensions; exact vacuum calculations in a hyper-spherical basis; relativistic nuclear matter with self- consistent correlation energy; consistent RHA-RPA for finite nuclei; transverse response functions in the {triangle}-resonance region; hadronic matter in a nontopological soliton model; scalar and vector contributions to {bar p}p {yields} {bar {Lambda} {Lambda}} reaction; 0+ and 2+ strengths in pion double-charge exchange to double giant-dipole resonances; and nucleons in a hybrid sigma model including a quantized pion field.

Rost, E.; Shephard, J.R.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Energy Frontier Fermilab's Contribution to LHC Physics Physics Fermilab is involved in most aspects of the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment. The CMS detector is designed to detect objects physicists identify as fundamental: electrons, muons, tau leptons, photons, quark jets and missing energy due to weakly interacting particles such as neutrinos. Massive particles, such as the theorized Higgs boson, will decay into these fundamental particles, and the CMS detector will measure their properties. Fermilab functions as the host laboratory for U.S. efforts in the CMS experiment through its LHC Physics Center, Remote Operations Center and the largest CMS computing center outside of CERN. About 120 Fermilab scientists, postdocs, visiting students, engineers and technicians

110

Approaches to renewable energy storage focus of Frontiers in Science talk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science Talk Frontiers in Science Talk Approaches to renewable energy storage focus of Frontiers in Science talk Albert Migliori will give the series of public talks, titled, "Use It, Lose It, or Save It: The Science of Renewable Energy Storage." August 21, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

111

Low Energy Probes of Physics Beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-energy tests of fundamental symmetries and studies of neutrino properties provide a powerful window on physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM). In this article, we provide a basic theoretical framework for a subsequent set of articles that review the progress and opportunities in various aspects of the low-energy program. We illustrate the physics reach of different low-energy probes in terms of an effective BSM mass scale and illustrate how this reach matches and, in some cases, even exceeds that accessible at the high energy frontier.

Cirigliano, Vincenzo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

PHYSICAL PROCESSES SHAPING GAMMA-RAY BURST X-RAY AFTERGLOW LIGHT CURVES: THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS FROM THE SWIFT X-RAY TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL PROCESSES SHAPING GAMMA-RAY BURST X-RAY AFTERGLOW LIGHT CURVES: THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS August 15; accepted 2005 December 19 ABSTRACT With the successful launch of the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst component is consistent with the tail emission of the prompt gamma-ray bursts and/or the X-ray flares

Zhang, Bing

113

Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series X-ray Imaging at the Nanoscale Presented by Ian Mc and exquisite sensitivity to elemental, chemical and magnetic states in buried structures. The advent

114

Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series Advancing Methods for Labeling, Staining, Imaging is to understand how the interplay of structural, chemical and electrical signals in and between cells of nervous

115

Bridging Physics and Biology Teaching through Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the frontiers of biology become increasingly interdisciplinary, the physics education community has engaged in ongoing efforts to make physics classes more relevant to life sciences majors. These efforts are complicated by the many apparent differences between these fields, including the types of systems that each studies, the behavior of those systems, the kinds of measurements that each makes, and the role of mathematics in each field. Nonetheless, physics and biology are both fundamental sciences that rely on observations and measurements to construct models of the natural world. In the present theoretical article, we propose that efforts to bridge the teaching of these two disciplines must emphasize shared scientific practices, particularly scientific modeling. We define modeling using language common to both disciplines and highlight how an understanding of the modeling process can help reconcile apparent differences between physics and biology. We elaborate how models can be used for explanatory, pre...

Hoskinson, Anne-Marie; Zwickl, Benjamin M; Hinko, Kathleen; Caballero, Marcos D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Center for Beam Physics, 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Center for Beam Physics is a multi-disciplinary research and development unit in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. At the heart of the Center`s mission is the fundamental quest for mechanisms of acceleration, radiation and focusing of energy. Dedicated to exploring the frontiers of the physics of (and with) particle and photon beams, its primary mission is to promote the science and technology of the production, manipulation, storage and control systems of charged particles and photons. The Center serves this mission via conceptual studies, theoretical and experimental research, design and development, institutional project involvement, external collaborations, association with industry and technology transfer. This roster provides a glimpse at the scientists, engineers, technical support, students, and administrative staff that make up this team and a flavor of their multifaceted activities during 1993.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Nuclear Physics with trapped  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Physics with trapped atoms and ions #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian Outline · Scope and applications of nuclear physics precision frontier compliments LHC properties and aquifers in the Sahara #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian What is Nuclear Physics? · Began with the study

Boas, Harold P.

118

U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum March 4, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C....

119

Computing for the Energy Frontier: Snowmass Study 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Contribution for the Computing for the Energy Frontier as part of the Snowmass study is discussed.

Fisk, Ian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Computing for the Energy Frontier: Snowmass Study 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Contribution for the Computing for the Energy Frontier as part of the Snowmass study is discussed.

Ian Fisk; Jim Shank

2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Frontier Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frontier Ethanol LLC Frontier Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Frontier Ethanol LLC Place Gowrie, Iowa Product Owner and operator of a bioethanol plant near Gowrie, Iowa. Coordinates 42.28227°, -94.290334° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.28227,"lon":-94.290334,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

The Effects of Assimilation on the Physics of an Ocean Model. Part I: Theoretical Model and Barotropic Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although data assimilation is now an established oceanographic technique, little work has been done on the interaction of the assimilation scheme and the physics of the underlying model. The way in which even a simple assimilation scheme (here ...

Rebecca A. Woodgate; Peter D. Killworth

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series Presented by Kannan M. Krishnan, Ph.D. Departments. Central to this work are innovations in chemical synthesis of nanoparticles, their size-dependent magnetic and technological interest, that may provide opportunities for future collaborative research in chemical imaging

124

Frontiers in thermoacoustic refrigeration and mixture separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pulse-tube refrigerator shown in Figure 1 dissipates acoustic power by design because power must flowFrontiers in thermoacoustic refrigeration and mixture separation S. Backhaus1 , D. Geller2 , B oscillating thermodynamics in a gas in a sealed system. Since then, many related engines and refrigerators

125

International Journal of Theoretical Physics, VoL 28, No. 9, 1989 Astrophysical Consequences of a Violation of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of time be constant. An SEP violation occurs when the ratio of the period of an atomic (or nuclear or weak by an atomic clock, we characterize an SEP violation by a nonnull value of the time derivative /~a Space Flight Center, New York, New York 10025. 2Department of Physics, City University of New York, New

Fridlind, Ann

126

Report of the Snowmass 2013 Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory -- Lattice field theory for the energy and intensity frontiers: Scientific goals and computing needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the report of the Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory prepared for the proceedings of the 2013 Community Summer Study ("Snowmass"). We present the future computing needs and plans of the U.S. lattice gauge theory community and argue that continued support of the U.S. (and worldwide) lattice-QCD effort is essential to fully capitalize on the enormous investment in the high-energy physics experimental program. We first summarize the dramatic progress of numerical lattice-QCD simulations in the past decade, with some emphasis on calculations carried out under the auspices of the U.S. Lattice-QCD Collaboration, and describe a broad program of lattice-QCD calculations that will be relevant for future experiments at the intensity and energy frontiers. We then present details of the computational hardware and software resources needed to undertake these calculations.

Blum, T; Holmgren, D; Brower, R; Catterall, S; Christ, N; Kronfeld, A; Kuti, J; Mackenzie, P; Neil, E T; Sharpe, S R; Sugar, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Report of the Snowmass 2013 Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory -- Lattice field theory for the energy and intensity frontiers: Scientific goals and computing needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the report of the Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory prepared for the proceedings of the 2013 Community Summer Study ("Snowmass"). We present the future computing needs and plans of the U.S. lattice gauge theory community and argue that continued support of the U.S. (and worldwide) lattice-QCD effort is essential to fully capitalize on the enormous investment in the high-energy physics experimental program. We first summarize the dramatic progress of numerical lattice-QCD simulations in the past decade, with some emphasis on calculations carried out under the auspices of the U.S. Lattice-QCD Collaboration, and describe a broad program of lattice-QCD calculations that will be relevant for future experiments at the intensity and energy frontiers. We then present details of the computational hardware and software resources needed to undertake these calculations.

T. Blum; R. S. Van de Water; D. Holmgren; R. Brower; S. Catterall; N. Christ; A. Kronfeld; J. Kuti; P. Mackenzie; E. T. Neil; S. R. Sharpe; R. Sugar

2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

128

Energy Frontier Research Center News  

Office of Science (SC) Website

news/ The Office of news/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {9CB101D3-8765-47D6-A2DB-D5E8979B3C9B}http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/news-and-events/efrc-news/observing-the-sparks-of-life/ Observing the Sparks of Life EFRC researchers isolate a photosynthetic complex — arguably the most important bit of organic chemistry on the planet — in its complete functioning state. This work, featured in the Office of Science’s

129

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University #12;#12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences 1 2 3 4 5 6 #12;#12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences 1 #12;Annual Report 2011 2 #12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;Annual Report 2011 3 #12;Institute for Frontier

Takada, Shoji

130

The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales ' was submitted by the Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFree is directed by Ho-kwang Mao at the Carnegie Institute of Washington and is a partnership of scientists from thirteen institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments is 'to accelerate the discovery and creation of energy-relevant materials using extreme pressures and temperatures.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, water), photocatalysis, solid state lighting, optics, thermelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, fuel cells, superconductivity, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, spin dynamics, CO{sub 2} (capture, convert, store), greenhouse gas, hydrogen (fuel, storage), ultrafast physics, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Mao, Ho-kwang (Director, Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments); EFree Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Battle against Phonons (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Battle against Phonons' was submitted by the Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion (S3TEC) EFRC to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for the special award, 'Best with Popcorn'. S3TEC, an EFRC directed by Gang Chen at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from four research institutions: MIT (lead), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Boston College, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Solid-State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion Center is 'to create novel, solid-state materials for the conversion of sunlight into electricity using thermal and photovoltaic processes.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, defect tolerant materials, and scalable processing.

Chen, Gang (Director, Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center); S3TEC Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Liquid Sunshine to Fuel Your Car (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Liquid Sunshine to Fuel Your Car' was submitted by the Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation (CLSF) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CLSF is directed by Daniel Cosgrove at Pennsylvania State University and is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: Penn State (lead), North Caroline State University, and Virginia Tech University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation is 'to dramatically increase our fundamental knowledge of the formation and physical interactions of bio-polymer networks in plant cell walls to provide a basis for improved methods for converting biomass into fuels.' Research topics are: biofuels (biomass), membrane, interfacial characterization, matter by design, and self-assembly.

Cosgrove, Daniel (Director, Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation); CLSF Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Search for the ANSER (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Search for the ANSER' was submitted by the Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center (ANSER) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. ANSER, an EFRC directed by Michael Wasielewski at Argonne National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Yale. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. At ANSER, the mission is 'to revolutionize our understanding of molecules, materials and methods necessary to create dramatically more efficient technologies for solar fuels and electricity production.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, transportation fuels, bio-inspired, spin dynamics, hydrogen (fuel), ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Wasielewski, Michael R. (Director, Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center); ANSER Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series Presents Developing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series Presents Developing Genome-Enabled Sustainable Lignocellulosic Biofuel Technologies at the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center...

135

Three Frontiers in the Thermodynamics of Protein Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three frontiers in the thermodynamics of protein solutions*the broad high- way of thermodynamics. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ForThe great virtue of thermodynamics is its generality, its

Prausnitz, John M; Foose, Loddie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Three Frontiers in the Thermodynamics of Protein Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the broad highway of thermodynamics. Acknowledgments: ForThree Frontiers in the Thermodynamics of Protein SolutionsThe great virtue of thermodynamics is its generality, its

Prausnitz, John; Hagar, Loddie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events...

138

Quantum Physics Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum Physics Theory. Summary: Theoretical work ... constant. The database is available at http://physics.nist.gov/hdel. Precise ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

139

General Relativity in the Undergraduate Physics Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Einstein's general relativity is increasingly important in contemporary physics on the frontiers of both the very largest distance scales (astrophysics and cosmology) and the very smallest(elementary particle physics). This paper makes the case for a `physics first' approach to introducing general relativity to undergraduate physics majors.

James B. Hartle

2005-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

140

General Relativity in the Undergraduate Physics Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Einstein's general relativity is increasingly important in contemporary physics on the frontiers of both the very largest distance scales (astrophysics and cosmology) and the very smallest(elementary particle physics). This paper makes the case for a `physics first' approach to introducing general relativity to undergraduate physics majors.

Hartle, J B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Cosmic Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier How it works Questions for the Universe Scientific results Experiments CDMS COUPP GammeV Pierre Auger SDSS Dark Energy Survey Proposed Projects and Experiments Cosmic Frontier CDMS CDMS Researchers on the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search, or CDMS, experiment are searching for WIMPs, which may make up dark matter. Researchers built the CDMS detector to identify WIMPs through their interactions with nuclei in a section of the detector made of germanium crystals. When a nucleus is hit, it recoils, causing the whole germanium crystal to vibrate. Theorists expect WIMPs to interact only once a year in each kilogram of space, and the energy caused by the nuclear recoil is very low. So the CDMS detector must distinguish between the effects of WIMP interactions and

142

Department of Energy to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Department of Energy to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit May 24, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - On Wednesday, May 25, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome nearly 1,000 of America's top energy researchers to Washington, D.C. for the inaugural Science for the Nation's Energy Future: The Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit and Forum. The three-day public conference will showcase early successes of DOE's Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC). It will also bring together scientists and energy policy leaders to explore the challenges and opportunities in applying America's extraordinary scientific and technical resources to helping shape our clean energy future.

143

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ion Collider: Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all BNL-98815-2012-JA JLAB-PHY-12-1652 arXiv:1212.1701 Authors A. Accardi 14,28 , J. L. Albacete 16 , M. Anselmino 29 , N. Armesto 36 , E. C. Aschenauer 3,† , A. Bacchetta 35 , D. Boer 33 , W. Brooks 37,† , T. Burton 3 , N.-B. Chang 23 , W.-T. Deng 13,23 , A. Deshpande 25,∗,† , M. Diehl 11,† , A. Dumitru 2 , R. Dupr´ e 7 , R. Ent 28,‡ , S. Fazio 3 , H. Gao 12,† , V. Guzey 28 , H. Hakobyan 37 , Y. Hao 3 , D. Hasch 15 , R. Holt 1,† , T. Horn 5,† , M. Huang 23 , A. Hutton 28,† , C. Hyde 20 , J. Jalilian-Marian 2 , S. Klein 17 , B. Kopeliovich 37 , Y. Kovchegov 19,† , K. Kumar 24,† , K. Kumeriˇ cki 40 , M. A. C. Lamont 3 , T. Lappi 34 , J.-H. Lee 3 , Y. Lee 3 , E. M. Levin 26,37 , F.-L. Lin 28 , V. Litvinenko 3 , T. W. Ludlam 3,‡ , C. Marquet

144

Theoretical particle physics, Task A  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report briefly discusses the following topics: The Spin Structure of the Nucleon; Solitons and Discrete Symmetries; Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory; Constituent Quarks as Collective Excitations; Kaon Condensation; Limits on Neutrino Masses; The 17 KeV Neutrino and Majoron Models; The Strong CP Problem; Renormalization of the CP Violating {Theta} Parameter; Weak Scale Baryogenesis; Chiral Charge in Finite Temperature QED; The Heavy Higgs Mass Bound; The Heavy Top Quark Bound; The Heavy Top Quark Condensate; The Heavy Top Quark Vacuum Instability; Phase Diagram of the Lattice Higgs-Yukawa Model; Anomalies and the Standard Model on the Lattice; Constraint Effective Potential in a Finite Box; Resonance Picture in a Finite Box; Fractal Dimension of Critical Clusters; Goldstone Bosons at Finite Temperature; Cluster Algorithms and Scaling in CP(N) Models; Rare Decay Modes of the Z{degrees} Vector Boson; Parity-Odd Spin-Dependent Structure Functions; Radiative Corrections, Top Mass and LEP Data; Supersymmetric Model with the Higgs as a Lepton; Chiral Change Oscillation in the Schwinger Model; Electric Dipole Moment of the Neutron; DOE Grand Challenge Program; and Lattice Quantum Electrodynamics.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Development of a Low-Energy Proton Accelerator System for the Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of a Low-Energy Proton Accelerator System for the Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP)

Han, J M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Contruction of User Facilities for the Proton Beam Utilization of PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contruction of User Facilities for the Proton Beam Utilization of PEFP (Proton Engineering Frontier Project)

Kim, K R; Lee, H R; Nam, K Y; Park, B S

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Scaling HEP to Web size with RESTful protocols: The frontier example  

SciTech Connect

The World-Wide-Web has scaled to an enormous size. The largest single contributor to its scalability is the HTTP protocol, particularly when used in conformity to REST (REpresentational State Transfer) principles. High Energy Physics (HEP) computing also has to scale to an enormous size, so it makes sense to base much of it on RESTful protocols. Frontier, which reads databases with an HTTP-based RESTful protocol, has successfully scaled to deliver production detector conditions data from both the CMS and ATLAS LHC detectors to hundreds of thousands of computer cores worldwide. Frontier is also able to re-use a large amount of standard software that runs the Web: on the clients, caches, and servers. I discuss the specific ways in which HTTP and REST enable high scalability for Frontier. I also briefly discuss another protocol used in HEP computing that is HTTP-based and RESTful, and another protocol that could benefit from it. My goal is to encourage HEP protocol designers to consider HTTP and REST whenever the same information is needed in many places.

Dykstra, Dave; /Fermilab

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

e-prints - see the 'hep' sections CERN Document Server Over a million records on high-energy physics (HEP) from CERN INSPIRE HEP papers updated daily (a collaboration of CERN,...

149

IGNITION AND FRONTIER SCIENCE ON THE NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world's largest and most powerful laser system for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and experiments studying high-energy-density (HED) science, is now operational at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The NIF construction Project was certified by the Department of Energy as complete on March 30, 2009. NIF, a 192-beam Nd-glass laser facility, will produce 1.8 MJ, 500 TW of light at the third-harmonic, ultraviolet light of 351 nm. On March 10, 2009, a total 192-beam energy of 1.1 MJ was demonstrated; this is approximately 30 times more energy than ever produced in an ICF laser system. The principal goal of NIF is to achieve ignition of a deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel capsule and provide access to HED physics regimes needed for experiments related to national security, fusion energy and for broader frontier scientific exploration. NIF experiments in support of indirect drive ignition will begin in FY2009. These first experiments represent the next phase of the National Ignition Campaign (NIC). The NIC is a 1.7 billion dollar national effort to achieve fusion ignition and is coordinated through a detailed execution plan that includes the science, technology, and equipment. Equipment required for ignition experiments include diagnostics, cryogenic target manipulator, and user optics. Participants in this effort include LLNL, General Atomics (GA), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Energetics (LLE). The primary goal for NIC is to have all of the equipment operational and integrated into the facility and be ready to begin a credible ignition campaign in 2010. With NIF now operational, the long-sought goal of achieving self-sustained nuclear fusion and energy gain in the laboratory is much closer to realization. Successful demonstration of ignition and net energy gain on NIF will be a major step towards demonstrating the feasibility of Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) and will likely focus the world's attention on the possibility of an ICF energy option. NIF experiments to demonstrate ignition and gain will use central-hot-spot (CHS) ignition, where a spherical fuel capsule is simultaneously compressed and ignited. The scientific basis for CHS has been intensively developed and has high probability of success. Achieving ignition with CHS will open the door for other advanced concepts, such as the use of high-yield pulses of visible wavelength rather than ultraviolet and Fast Ignition concepts. Moreover, NIF will have important scientific applications in such diverse fields as astrophysics, nuclear physics and materials science. The NIC will develop the full set of capabilities required to operate NIF as a major national and international user facility. A solicitation for NIF frontier science experiments to be conducted by the academic community is planned for summer 2009. This paper summarizes the design, performance, and status of NIF, experimental plans for NIC, and will present a brief discussion of the unparalleled opportunities to explore frontier basic science that will be available on the NIF.

Moses, E

2009-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

150

Frontier Power Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Company Power Company Place Ohio Utility Id 6804 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial And Industrial Lighting And Power Service Commercial Large Power Service Residential Sales,Residential Sales Seasonal And Public Building Service Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1160/kWh Commercial: $0.1180/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Frontier_Power_Company&oldid=410728"

151

Energy Department to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Department to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers September 30, 2013 - 4:39pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced a proposed $100 million in FY2014 funding for Energy Frontier Research Centers to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy. Research supported by this initiative will enable fundamental advances in energy production and use. "Transforming how we generate, transmit, store and use energy is one of the greatest scientific challenges we face in the changing energy landscape," said Secretary Moniz. "This funding will help fuel innovative solutions as we move toward next generation energy systems."

152

Department of Energy to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Department of Energy to Host Energy Frontier Research Center Summit May 24, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Beginning Wednesday, May 25 U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu will welcome nearly 1,000 of America's top energy researchers to Washington, D.C. for the inaugural Science for the Nation's Energy Future: The Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit and Forum. The three-day event will bring together scientists and energy policy leaders to explore the challenges and opportunities in applying America's extraordinary scientific and technical resources to helping shape our clean energy future. Secretary Chu will give the opening keynote address on Wednesday, May 25 and discuss how technology and innovation can help solve the nation's energy needs.

153

Director Charlie McMillan presents the new supercomputer frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of our computers to do our mission. The ongoing weapon life-extension programs and our annual assessment of the deterrent depend on it. This means a new frontier in supercomputing,...

154

Fifth German-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium  

SciTech Connect

The agenda book for the Fifth German-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium contains abstracts of the 16 presentations as well as information on the program, bios of the speakers, contact information for all attendees, and background on the activity.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

DOE to establish two Energy Frontier Research Centers at Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory will be home to two of 46 new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) announced today by the White House in...

156

Snowmass Energy Frontier Simulations using the Open Science Grid (A Snowmass 2013 whitepaper)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Snowmass is a US long-term planning study for the high-energy community by the American Physical Society's Division of Particles and Fields. For its simulation studies, opportunistic resources are harnessed using the Open Science Grid infrastructure. Late binding grid technology, GlideinWMS, was used for distributed scheduling of the simulation jobs across many sites mainly in the US. The pilot infrastructure also uses the Parrot mechanism to dynamically access CvmFS in order to ascertain a homogeneous environment across the nodes. This report presents the resource usage and the storage model used for simulating large statistics Standard Model backgrounds needed for Snowmass Energy Frontier studies.

Avetisyan, A; Narain, M; Padhi, S; Hirschauer, J; Levshina, T; McBride, P; Sehgal, C; Slyz, M; Rynge, M; Malik, S; Stupak, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Snowmass Energy Frontier Simulations using the Open Science Grid (A Snowmass 2013 whitepaper)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Snowmass is a US long-term planning study for the high-energy community by the American Physical Society's Division of Particles and Fields. For its simulation studies, opportunistic resources are harnessed using the Open Science Grid infrastructure. Late binding grid technology, GlideinWMS, was used for distributed scheduling of the simulation jobs across many sites mainly in the US. The pilot infrastructure also uses the Parrot mechanism to dynamically access CvmFS in order to ascertain a homogeneous environment across the nodes. This report presents the resource usage and the storage model used for simulating large statistics Standard Model backgrounds needed for Snowmass Energy Frontier studies.

A. Avetisyan; S. Bhattacharya; M. Narain; S. Padhi; J. Hirschauer; T. Levshina; P. McBride; C. Sehgal; M. Slyz; M. Rynge; S. Malik; J. Stupak III

2013-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

158

Vision to reality: From Robert R. Wilson's frontier to Leon M. Lederman's Fermilab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the roles of vision and leadership in creating and directing Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory from the late 1960s through the 1980s. The story divides into two administrations having different problems and accomplishments, that of Robert R. Wilson (1967-1978), which saw the transformation from cornfield to frontier physics facility, and that of Leon Max Lederman (1979-1989), in which the laboratory evolved into one of the world's major high-energy facilities. Lederman's pragmatic vision of a user-based experimental community helped him to convert the pioneering facility that Wilson had built frugally into a laboratory with a stable scientific, cultural, and funding environment.

Hoddeson, Lillian H; 10.1007/s000160300003

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Frontiers of Characterization and Metrology for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Initiative; Semiconductor International; the National Science Foundation; the American ... and diagnostics: chemical and physical, electrical, optical, in ...

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

160

The Amazon Frontier of Land-Use Change: Croplands and Consequences for Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brazilian Amazon is one of the most rapidly developing agricultural frontiers in the world. The authors assess changes in cropland area and the intensification of cropping in the Brazilian agricultural frontier state of Mato Grosso using ...

Gillian L. Galford; Jerry Melillo; John F. Mustard; Carlos E. P. Cerri; Carlos C. Cerri

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

High Energy Physics from High Performance Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss Quantum Chromodynamics calculations using the lattice regulator. The theory of the strong force is a cornerstone of the Standard Model of particle physics. We present USQCD collaboration results obtained on Argonne National Lab's Intrepid supercomputer that deepen our understanding of these fundamental theories of Nature and provide critical support to frontier particle physics experiments and phenomenology.

T. Blum

2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

162

New Frontiers in Energy Summit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit March 28, 2008 - 11:49am Addthis Remarks by Secretary Bodman Thank you, Sen. Salazar. I appreciate your strong commitment to helping this state - and our nation - address our energy challenges in a way that is comprehensive and sustainable for the long-term. In particular, you've been a real leader on renewable energy - through your work on the Senate Energy Committee - and I look forward to continuing to work with you back in Washington. It is indeed a pleasure to be in the great state of Colorado. This state is blessed with tremendous natural beauty - and vast natural resources -- resources which make Colorado a treasured haven for outdoor enthusiasts and which make the people who live here so strongly committed to protecting and

163

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tevatron at Fermilab CDF DZero Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress DZero detector in the Collision Hall DZero detector in the Collision Hall. A silicon strip disk for the DZero experiment's silicon tracker A silicon strip disk for the DZero experiment's silicon tracker. Energy Frontier DZero How it works DZero is one of two detectors positioned along the four-mile Tevatron accelerator ring.It takes its name from its location on the ring, D0. Physicists use the detector to study the array of particles and forces in nature by recording data about collisions of protons and anti-protons in the accelerator. The 5,500-ton detector sits more than four stories tall and is composed of more than 1 million individual detector elements.

164

New Frontiers in Energy Summit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit New Frontiers in Energy Summit March 28, 2008 - 11:49am Addthis Remarks by Secretary Bodman Thank you, Sen. Salazar. I appreciate your strong commitment to helping this state - and our nation - address our energy challenges in a way that is comprehensive and sustainable for the long-term. In particular, you've been a real leader on renewable energy - through your work on the Senate Energy Committee - and I look forward to continuing to work with you back in Washington. It is indeed a pleasure to be in the great state of Colorado. This state is blessed with tremendous natural beauty - and vast natural resources -- resources which make Colorado a treasured haven for outdoor enthusiasts and which make the people who live here so strongly committed to protecting and

165

Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics Sanbonmatsu will discuss the new science of epigenetics and how it is related to a wide range of biological phenomena. August 7, 2013 Cells in the human body contains strands of DNA nearly 10 feet long that look like this and are packed into cellular sacks less than a millionth of an inch in diameter. Cells in the human body contains strands of DNA nearly 10 feet long that look like this and are packed into cellular sacks less than a millionth of an inch in diameter. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email Nick Njegomir Communications Office (505) 667-7000 Email "The act of a mother nurturing or not nurturing her baby programs DNA; so

166

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CDF DZero Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress CDF silicon vertex detector being installed in 2001 CDF silicon vertex detector being installed in 2001. Drawing of the CDF detector Drawing of the CDF detector. Energy Frontier CDF How it works CDF is one of two detectors positioned along the four-mile Tevatron accelerator ring. Physicists use the detector to study the array of particles and forces within the atom by recording data about collisions of protons and anti-protons in the machine. The 4,500-ton detector sits more than four stories tall and is composed of more than 1 million individual detector elements. Beams of protons and antiprotons collide at the center of CDF at nearly the speed of light, creating flashes of energy that condense into particles

167

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CDF DZero Fermilab involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress Energy Frontier Tevatron Before shutting down on Sept. 29, 2011, the Tevatron was the world's largest proton-antiproton collider. Residing at Fermilab, the Tevatron accelerated and stored beams of protons and antiprotons traveling in opposite directions around an underground ring four miles in circumference at almost the speed of light before colliding them at the center of two detectors. The detectors, called CDF, for Collider Detector at Fermilab, and DZero, named for its location on the accelerator ring, contain many detection subsystems that identified the different types of particles emerging from the collisions. Scientists explored the structure of matter, space and time

168

US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier Approach Massimo www.cepe.ethz.ch #12;US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier Approach Page 1 of 25 US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier

169

100 Areas technical activities report: Physics, November 1949  

SciTech Connect

Work of the pile physics and experimental physics groups is reported. Theoretical work is also reported.

Carson, A.B.

1949-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

170

McKinsey Global Institute Big data: The next frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McKinsey Global Institute Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity June 2011 #12;The McKinsey Global Institute The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), established in 1990, is McKinsey & Company's business and economics research arm. MGI's mission is to help leaders

Chen, Keh-Hsun

171

Dark matter: Theoretical perspectives  

SciTech Connect

I both review and make the case for the current theoretical prejudice: a flat Universe whose dominant constituent is nonbaryonic dark matter, emphasizing that this is still a prejudice and not yet fact. The theoretical motivation for nonbaryonic dark matter is discussed in the context of current elementary-particle theory, stressing that: (1) there are no dark matter candidates within the standard model of particle physics; (2) there are several compelling candidates within attractive extensions of the standard model of particle physics; and (3) the motivation for these compelling candidates comes first and foremost from particle physics. The dark-matter problem is now a pressing issue in both cosmology and particle physics, and the detection of particle dark matter would provide evidence for ``new physics.`` The compelling candidates are: a very light axion ( 10{sup {minus}6} eV--10{sup {minus}4} eV); a light neutrino (20 eV--90 eV); and a heavy neutralino (10 GeV--2 TeV). The production of these particles in the early Universe and the prospects for their detection are also discussed. I briefly mention more exotic possibilities for the dark matter, including a nonzero cosmological constant, superheavy magnetic monopoles, and decaying neutrinos.

Turner, M.S. [Chicago Univ., IL (United States). Enrico Fermi Inst.]|[Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

symmetry magazine | dimensions of particle physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

symmetry magazine symmetry magazine symmetry magazine dimensions of particle physics dimensions of particle physics A joint Fermilab/SLAC publication Search form Search Search Facebook Twitter RSS Feed subscribe masthead contact Home Departments application breaking commentary contest Day in the life Deconstruction Essay explain it in 60 seconds feature gallery Logbook Signal to background Science Topics applied science astrophysics Cosmic Frontier dark energy dark matter Energy Frontier extra dimensions Higgs boson Intensity Frontier neutrinos underground science Image Bank Archives Full Archives PDF Issues Print Editions sections subscribe application breaking commentary contest day in the life deconstruction essay explain it in 60 seconds feature gallery logbook signal to background Full Archives PDF Issues Print Editions

173

NIST, Electron and Optical Physics Division, Far Ultraviolet ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... M.Sc., Physical Chemistry, Minors in Physics, Mathematics, and Theoretical Physics, University of Helsinki, Finland, 2003. Contact. ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

174

Lattice Gauge Theories at the Energy Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This White Paper has been prepared as a planning document for the Division of High Energy Physics of the U. S. Department of Energy. Recent progress in lattice-based studies of physics beyond the standard model is summarized, and major current goals of USQCD research in this area are presented. Challenges and opportunities associated with the recently discovered 126 GeV Higgs-like particle are highlighted. Computational resources needed for reaching important goals are described. The document was finalized on February 11, 2013 with references that are not aimed to be complete, or account for an accurate historical record of the field.

Thomas Appelquist; Richard Brower; Simon Catterall; George Fleming; Joel Giedt; Anna Hasenfratz; Julius Kuti; Ethan Neil; David Schaich

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Science Case for An Electron-Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case for Case for An Electron-Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Jianwei Qiu Brookhaven National Laboratory NSAC Subcommittee Meeting on Scientific Facilities February 15-16, 2013 for both BNL and JLab EIC efforts, ... 1 White Paper for the Electron-Ion Collider ELIC (JLab) eRHIC (BNL) 2 arXiv:1212.1701 Community effort and commitment Ten-week program (9/13-11/19, 2010) at Institute for Nuclear Theory (INT Report: arXiv:1108.1713v2, 500+ pages)  Many workshops on EIC physics: 3  Commitment from BNL and JLab:  EICAC - jointly by BNL and JLab  BNL EIC Task force (https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/Main_Page)  EIC@JLab (https://eic.jlab.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page)  Detector R&D (https://wiki.bnl.gov/conferences/index.php/EIC_R%25D)

176

Results and Frontiers in Lattice Baryon Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The Lattice Hadron Physics Collaboration (LHPC) baryon spectroscopy effort is reviewed. To date the LHPC has performed exploratory Lattice QCD calculations of the low-lying spectrum of Nucleon and Delta baryons. These calculations demonstrate the effectiveness of our method by obtaining the masses of an unprecedented number of excited states with definite quantum numbers. Future work of the project is outlined.

Bulava, John; Morningstar, Colin [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States); Edwards, Robert; Richards, David [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Fleming, George [Yale University New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Juge, K. Jimmy [Department of Physics, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA 95211 (United States); Lichtl, Adam C. [RBRC, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Mathur, Nilmani [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 40005 (India); Wallace, Stephen J. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

177

PNNL: Biological Sciences: Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Frontiers in Biological Sciences The seminar series features nationally/internationally known researchers from industry, government, and academia discussing novel ideas and advancements related to biological sciences. The hour-long seminars will feature a 45-minute talk by the featured speaker followed by 15 minutes of discussion with the audience members. 2014 Tim Donohue Timothy J. Donohue, Ph.D. Timothy J. Donohue, Ph.D. Department of Bacteriology University of Wisconsin-Madison Director, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Tuesday, January 14, 2014 EMSL Auditorium 11:00 a.m. Biological Insights and Products Gleaned from Mining Bacterial Genomes and Pathways Professor Donohue has been a member of the UW-Madison Bacteriology Department since 1986. His research program studies bacterial energy

178

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

179

For Physicists | Fellowships & Awards | Intensity Frontier Fellows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application Info Application Info Applications must include a curriculum vitae, and a selected publication list. In addition we request a two-page proposal describing the major contribution that will be made to the Intensity Frontier during the Fellowship, current compensation, and requested dates of support. Applicants holding postdoctoral positions should supply two letters of reference. Applications for awards beginning in 2014 will be accepted until 22 November, 2013. It is anticipated that a second round of applications will be solicited in spring 2014. Applicants should be notified by 20 December 2013. Applications should be made via: Online Application Further queries should be sent to: send email Related Links Fermilab Intensity Frontier Department NOvA Experiment

180

Frontier, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frontier, North Dakota: Energy Resources Frontier, North Dakota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 46.8005206°, -96.8331391° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.8005206,"lon":-96.8331391,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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181

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations Energy Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations DOE Logo Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations DOE Logo Focus Areas Reaction Mechanisms Controlled Active Metals Materials Synthesis Search Argonne ... Search Argonne Home > Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations > IACT Home IACT News IACT Partners IACT Staff IACT Awards Publications & Presentations Jobs at IACT Energy Frontier Research Centers at Argonne Strategic Alliances Research Facilities & Tools Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations - an Energy Frontier Research Center The Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations (IACT) employs a multidisciplinary approach to address key catalytic conversions that could improve the efficiency of producing fuels from biomass. IACT focuses on advancing the science of catalysis for the efficient conversion of energy resources into usable forms. IACT's goal is to find ways to achieve control and efficiency of chemical conversions comparable to those in nature.

182

FRONTIER SYNCHROTRON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY BEAMLINE UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS (FIS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FRONTIER SYNCHROTRON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY FRONTIER SYNCHROTRON INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY BEAMLINE UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS (FIS) Proposal Team: L. Carr 1 , D. Dolan 2 , R. Hemley 3 , S. Jacobson 4 , S. Karato 5 , Z. Liu 3 , W. Panero 6 , M. Pravica 7 , and T. Zhou 8 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 2 Sandia National Laboratories, 3 Carnegie Institution of Washington, 4 Northwestern University, 5 Yale University, 6 Ohio State University, 7 University of Nevada, 8 New Jersey Institute of Technology TECHNIQUES AND CAPABILITIES APPLICATIONS SPECIFIC PROJECTS / ADDITIONAL INFORMATION * TECHNIQUE(S): Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Raman and visible spectroscopy; Diamond anvil cell techniques for static high pressure; Gas-gun launchers for dynamic compression; Cryogenic techniques combined with DACs;

183

Elementary Particle Physics at Baylor (Final Report)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities of the Baylor University Experimental High Energy Physics (HEP) group on the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) experiment from August 15, 2005 to May 31, 2012. Led by the Principal Investigator (Dr. Jay R. Dittmann), the Baylor HEP group has actively pursued a variety of cutting-edge measurements from proton-antiproton collisions at the energy frontier.

Dittmann, J.R.

2012-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

184

Hypernuclear physics as seen by an experimenter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the new millennium hypernuclear physics is undergoing a renewed interest, both theoretically and experimentally.

Patrick Achenbach

2011-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

185

The Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'The Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)' was submitted to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CFSES is directed by Gary A. Pope at the University of Texas at Austin and partners with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Pope, Gary A. (Director, Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security); CFSES Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides' was submitted by the EFRC for Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. MSA is directed by Peter Burns at the University of Notre Dame, and is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Burns, Peter (Director, Materials Science of Actinides); MSA Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Physics of Ultra-Peripheral Nuclear Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probes of Funda- mental Physics World Scienti?c, Singapore (H Theoretical Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Reactions, Wiley-CA, Hussein M and Muenzenberg G Physics of Radioactive Beams

Bertulani, Carlos A.; Klein, Spencer R.; Nystrand, Joakim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Courses on Beam Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam Physics Beam Physics The following is an incomplete listing of course available for beam physics. United States Particle Accelerator School The US Particle Accelerator School provides educational programs in the field of beams and their associated accelerator technologies not otherwise available to the community of science and technology. Joint Universities Accelerator School Each year JUAS provides a foundation course on accelerator physics and associated technologies. The US-CERN-Japan-Russia Joint Accelerator School The purpose of the US-CERN-Japan-Russia joint school is to better our relations by working together on an advanced topical course every two years, alternating between the U.S., western Europe, Japan and Russia. The last set of courses focused on the frontiers of accelerator technology in

189

Howdy pardner!: on free-to-play, sociability and rhythm design in FrontierVille  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite their rapid evolution and wide popularity social games played on Facebook have so far gained relatively little interest among academic game researchers. A close reading of the Facebook game FrontierVille aims to provide some starting points ... Keywords: FrontierVille, facebook, free-to-play, rhythm design, sociability, social games, social network games, virality, zynga

Heikki Tyni; Olli Sotamaa; Saara Toivonen

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Expanding the Frontiers of Visual Analytics and Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Expanding the Frontiers of Visual Analytics and Visualization contains international contributions by leading researchers from within the field. Dedicated to the memory of Jim Thomas, the book begins with the dynamics of evolving a vision based on some of the principles that Jim and colleagues established and in which Jims leadership was evident. This is followed by chapters in the areas of visual analytics, visualization, interaction, modelling, architecture, and virtual reality, before concluding with the key area of technology transfer to industry.

Dill, John; Earnshaw, Rae; Kasik, David; Vince, John; Wong, Pak C.

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

191

Report of the Quark Flavor Physics Working Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report represents the response of the Intensity Frontier Quark Flavor Physics Working Group to the Snowmass charge. We summarize the current status of quark flavor physics and identify many exciting future opportunities for studying the properties of strange, charm, and bottom quarks. The ability of these studies to reveal the effects of new physics at high mass scales make them an essential ingredient in a well-balanced experimental particle physics program.

J. N. Butler; Z. Ligeti; J. L. Ritchie; V. Cirigliano; S. Kettell; R. Briere; A. A. Petrov; A. Schwartz; T. Skwarnicki; J. Zupan; N. Christ; S. R. Sharpe; R. S. Van de Water; W. Altmannshofer; N. Arkani-Hamed; M. Artuso; D. M. Asner; C. Bernard; A. J. Bevan; M. Blanke; G. Bonvicini; T. E. Browder; D. A. Bryman; P. Campana; R. Cenci; D. Cline; J. Comfort; D. Cronin-Hennessy; A. Datta; S. Dobbs; M. Duraisamy; A. X. El-Khadra; J. E. Fast; R. Forty; K. T. Flood; T. Gershon; Y. Grossman; B. Hamilton; C. T. Hill; R. J. Hill; D. G. Hitlin; D. E. Jaffe; A. Jawahery; C. P. Jessop; A. L. Kagan; D. M. Kaplan; M. Kohl; P. Krizan; A. S. Kronfeld; K. Lee; L. S. Littenberg; D. B. MacFarlane; P. B. Mackenzie; B. T. Meadows; J. Olsen; M. Papucci; Z. Parsa; G. Paz; G. Perez; L. E. Piilonen; K. Pitts; M. V. Purohit; B. Quinn; B. N. Ratcliff; D. A. Roberts; J. L. Rosner; P. Rubin; J. Seeman; K. K. Seth; B. Schmidt; A. Schopper; M. D. Sokoloff; A. Soni; K. Stenson; S. Stone; R. Sundrum; R. Tschirhart; A. Vainshtein; Y. W. Wah; G. Wilkinson; M. B. Wise; E. Worcester; J. Xu; T. Yamanaka

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

192

U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Frontier Research Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum March 4, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the first Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum to be held on May 25-27, 2011, at the Renaissance Penn Quarter hotel in Washington D.C. The Summit will bring together scientists and energy policy leaders to explore the challenges and opportunities in applying America's extraordinary scientific and technical resources to critical energy needs and will highlight early successes of the DOE's Energy Frontier Research Centers and promote collaboration across the national energy enterprise.

193

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications Contact BES Home 04.22.11 Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page April 22, 2011 :: The Office of Science announced the winners of the Energy Frontier Research Centers Video Contest External link and the start of the People's Choice Contest External link . The video with the most votes by 5:00 pm on May 24, 2011 will receive the People's Choice Award. Be sure to vote for your favorites. The winning videos will be shown during an awards ceremony at the EFRC Summit External link on May 25, 2011. View the

194

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier - Understanding the glue that binds us all  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on "Gluons and quark sea at high energies" at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. It contains a brief description of a few golden physics measurements along with accelerator and detector concepts required to achieve them, and it benefited from inputs from the users' communities of BNL and JLab. This White Paper offers the promise to propel the QCD science program in the U.S., established with the CEBAF accelerator at JLab and the RHIC collider at BNL, to the next QCD frontier.

A. Accardi; J. L. Albacete; M. Anselmino; N. Armesto; E. C. Aschenauer; A. Bacchetta; D. Boer; W. Brooks; T. Burton; N. -B. Chang; W. -T. Deng; A. Deshpande; M. Diehl; A. Dumitru; R. Dupr; R. Ent; S. Fazio; H. Gao; V. Guzey; H. Hakobyan; Y. Hao; D. Hasch; R. Holt; T. Horn; M. Huang; A. Hutton; C. Hyde; J. Jalilian-Marian; S. Klein; B. Kopeliovich; Y. Kovchegov; K. Kumar; K. Kumeri?ki; M. A. C. Lamont; T. Lappi; J. -H. Lee; Y. Lee; E. M. Levin; F. -L. Lin; V. Litvinenko; T. W. Ludlam; C. Marquet; Z. -E. Meziani; R. McKeown; A. Metz; R. Milner; V. S. Morozov; A. H. Mueller; B. Mller; D. Mller; P. Nadel-Turonski; A. Prokudin; V. Ptitsyn; X. Qian; J. -W. Qiu; M. Ramsey-Musolf; T. Roser; F. Sabati; R. Sassot; G. Schnell; P. Schweitzer; E. Sichtermann; M. Stratmann; M. Strikman; M. Sullivan; S. Taneja; T. Toll; D. Trbojevic; T. Ullrich; R. Venugopalan; S. Vigdor; W. Vogelsang; C. Weiss; B. -W. Xiao; F. Yuan; Y. -H. Zhang; L. Zheng

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

Theoretical nuclear physics at Yale University  

SciTech Connect

Brief summaries of past and planned activities in the following areas are given: models of nuclear structure; models of hadronic structure; hot nuclei; chaos in nuclei; reactions and structure; dissipation, diffusion, and collective motion; and modeling equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems.

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Theoretical Fusion Research | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Join Our Mailing List A Collaborative National Center for Fusion & Plasma Research Search form Search Search Home About Overview Learn More Visiting PPPL History...

197

High Energy Physics Research at Louisiana Tech  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project was to create, maintain, and strengthen a world-class, nationally and internationally recognized experimental high energy physics group at Louisiana Tech University, focusing on research at the energy frontier of collider-based particle physics, first on the D? experiment and then with the ATLAS experiment, and providing leadership within the US high energy physics community in the areas of jet physics, top quark and charged Higgs decays involving tau leptons, as well as developing leadership in high performance computing.

Sawyer, Lee; Greenwood, Zeno; Wobisch, Marcus

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

198

Curvature and Frontier Orbital Energies in Density Functional Theory  

SciTech Connect

Perdew et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett 49, 1691 (1982)] discovered and proved two different properties that exact Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT) must obey: (i) The exact total energy versus particle number must be a series of linear segments between integer electron points; (ii) Across an integer number of electrons, the exchange-correlation potential may ``jump by a constant, known as the derivative discontinuity (DD). Here, we show analytically that in both the original and the generalized Kohn-Sham formulation of DFT, the two are in fact two sides of the same coin. Absence of a derivative discontinuity necessitates deviation from piecewise linearity, and the latter can be used to correct for the former, thereby restoring the physical meaning of the orbital energies. Using selected small molecules, we show that this results in a simple correction scheme for any underlying functional, including semi-local and hybrid functionals as well as Hartree-Fock theory, suggesting a practical correction for the infamous gap problem of density functional theory. Moreover, we show that optimally-tuned range-separated hybrid functionals can inherently minimize both DD and curvature, thus requiring no correction, and show that this can be used as a sound theoretical basis for novel tuning strategies.

Stein, Tamar; Autschbach, Jochen; Govind, Niranjan; Kronik, Leeor; Baer, Roi

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

199

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all White Paper Writing Committee Elke C. Aschenauer Brookhaven National Laboratory William Brooks Universidad T´ ecnica Federico Santa Maria Abhay Deshpande 1 Stony Brook University Markus Diehl Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY Haiyan Gao Duke University Roy Holt Argonne National Laboratory Tanja Horn The Catholic University of America Andrew Hutton Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Yuri Kovchegov The Ohio State University Krishna Kumar University of Massachusetts, Amherst Zein-Eddine Meziani 1 Temple University Alfred Mueller Columbia University Jianwei Qiu 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory Michael Ramsey-Musolf University of Wisconsin Thomas Roser Brookhaven National Laboratory 1 Co-Editor 1 Franck Sabati´ e Commissariat ` a l' ´ Energie Atomique-Saclay

200

Secretary Bodman Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" Secretary Bodman Praises Western States' "Frontier Line" April 5, 2005 - 11:30am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today released the following statement regarding the "Frontier Line" announced by Governors Arnold Schwarzenegger (CA), Kenny Guinn (NV), Jon Huntsman (UT), and David Freudenthal (WY): "This proposal exhibits the boldness and innovation the West is traditionally known for, as well as the multi-state cooperation and big-picture thinking required to make regional markets thrive," Secretary Bodman said. "At the federal level, the President's comprehensive energy strategy that Congress will begin working on this week calls for upgrades to our electric grid to help prevent future brownouts or

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moody to participate in "Frontiers of Engineering" Moody to participate in "Frontiers of Engineering" Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of Engineering" symposium Engineers between 30 to 45 who are performing exceptional engineering research and technical work in a variety of disciplines attend the 2-1/2 day event. August 22, 2012 Nathan Moody Nathan Moody Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email Nathan Moody, specialist in electromagnetic radiation, honored LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO, August 22, 2012-Nathan Moody of Los Alamos National Laboratory is among 78 of the nation's brightest young engineers selected for the National Academy of Engineering's (NAE) 18th annual U.S. Frontiers of Engineering symposium. Engineers between 30 to 45 who are

202

DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

77 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research 77 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers August 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - In a major effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the delivery of $377 million in funding for 46 new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) located at universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and private firms across the nation. "As global energy demand grows, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary Chu. "Meeting the challenge to reduce our dependence on

203

Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

EFRCs Home EFRCs Home Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Energy Frontier Research Centers As world demand for energy rapidly expands, transforming the way we generate, supply, transmit, store, and use energy will be one of the defining challenges for America and the globe in the 21st century. At its heart, the challenge is a scientific one. Important as they are, incremental advances in current energy technologies will not be sufficient. History has demonstrated that radically new technologies arise from disruptive advances at the science frontiers. The Energy Frontier Research Centers program aims to accelerate such transformative discovery, combining

204

DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers August 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - In a major effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the delivery of $377 million in funding for 46 new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) located at universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and private firms across the nation. "As global energy demand grows, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary Chu. "Meeting the challenge to reduce our dependence on

205

Issues and R&D Required for the Intensity Frontier Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss main issues and R&D Required for the Intensity Frontier Accelerators and therefore provide input for the 2013 APS/DPF Community Summer Study (Snowmass-2013).

V. Shiltsev; S. Henderson; P. Hurh; I. Kourbanis; V. Lebedev

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

206

Search for Topological Phases New Frontiers in Low-Dimensional Systems Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search for Topological Phases of Matter New Frontiers in Low-Dimensional Systems Program 21 will be to identify the most promising future directions in the search for topological phases, as well as to formulate

207

Frontiers in Assessing the Role of Chemical Speciation and Natural Attenuation on the Bioavailability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Frontiers in Assessing the Role of Chemical Speciation and Natural Attenuation of contaminants in the terrestrial environment is greatly affected by a number of chemical factors and processes its fate, transport, and bioavailability. Traditionally, chemical extraction techniques have been

Sparks, Donald L.

208

Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

1 Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest News In the News In Focus 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony Recovery Act Contact...

209

Frontier market analysis : a case study of Iraq's real estate industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Success in frontier markets could mean high returns for real estate developers and investors. In order to succeed, companies must determine how to provide their products or services in an environment that may not necessarily ...

Watkins, Steven C., Jr. (Steven Charles)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electricity: The Energy of Tomorrow (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Electricity: the Energy of Tomorrow' was submitted by the Energy Materials Center at Cornell (emc2) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. emc2, an EFRC directed by Hector D. Abruna at Cornell University (lead) is a partnership between Cornell and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Abruna, Hector D. (Director, Energy Materials Center at Cornell); emc2 Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

PARC - Scientific Exchange Program (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'PARC - Scientific Exchange Program' was submitted by the Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. PARC, an EFRC directed by Robert E. Blankenship at Washington University in St. Louis, is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Blankenship, Robert E. (Director, Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center); PARC Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center' was submitted by the EFRC for Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (EFRC:CST) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFRC:CST is directed by Xiaoyang Zhu at the University of Texas at Austin in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Zhu, Xiaoyang (Director, Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials); CST Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, has funded the INL as one of the Energy Frontier Research Centers in the area of material science of nuclear fuels. This document is the required annual report to the Office of Science that outlines the accomplishments for the period of May 2010 through April 2011. The aim of the Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuels (CMSNF) is to establish the foundation for predictive understanding of the effects of irradiation-induced defects on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels. The science driver of the centers investigation is to understand how complex defect and microstructures affect phonon mediated thermal transport in UO2, and achieve this understanding for the particular case of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures. The centers research thus includes modeling and measurement of thermal transport in oxide fuels with different levels of impurities, lattice disorder and irradiation-induced microstructure, as well as theoretical and experimental investigation of the evolution of disorder, stoichiometry and microstructure in nuclear fuel under irradiation. With the premise that thermal transport in irradiated UO2 is a phonon-mediated energy transport process in a crystalline material with defects and microstructure, a step-by-step approach will be utilized to understand the effects of types of defects and microstructures on the collective phonon dynamics in irradiated UO2. Our efforts under the thermal transport thrust involved both measurement of diffusive phonon transport (an approach that integrates over the entire phonon spectrum) and spectroscopic measurements of phonon attenuation/lifetime and phonon dispersion. Our distinct experimental efforts dovetail with our modeling effort involving atomistic simulation of phonon transport and prediction of lattice thermal conductivity using the Boltzmann transport framework.

Todd R. Allen, Director

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Quantum Physics Einstein's Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Physics confronts Einstein's Gravity Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint Louis USA Science Saturdays 13 October 2001 #12; Quantum Physics confronts Einstein's Gravity and with Einstein's theory of gravity (the general relativity) is still the single biggest theoretical problem

Visser, Matt

215

Brookhaven Physics: Into the Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics: Into the Future Physics: Into the Future To remain at the frontier of science, Brookhaven is continually evaluating its research programs and planning new or revised investigations in areas that the U.S. Department of Energy identifies as national science priorities and that make use of Brookhaven scientists' interests and strengths. STAR detector (L) and PHENIX detector After discovering quark-gluon plasma, physicists will proceed to measure details of its many intriguing characteristics and properties, and continue to investigate many other aspects of heavy ion physics and spin physics. To undertake these tasks, Brookhaven is planning to upgrade RHIC to RHIC-II by increasing the facility's luminosity, or collision rate, by a factor of ten, thereby increasing the rate of plasma production and the ability to

216

Physics Folklore  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Folklore Physics Folklore By Lynne Zielinski       Sometime after World War II physicists began to change their way of giving names to theoretical ideas. Before then, new ideas were given titles such as "special relativity theory" or "neutrons." A precursor of the new kinds of names came in 1953 when Murray Gell-Mann and Kazuhiko Hishijima decided to name one of the properties of subatomic particles "strangeness." Gell-Mann accelerated the trend in 1961 by calling his group-theoretic way of explaining the properties of particles "The Eightfold Way." Gell-Mann's crazy names finally reached the consciousness of the general public in 1964 when he described the particles involved in the next stage of his thinking as "quarks." p. 508, source B

217

Argonne Physics Division - Theory Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23rd Annual Midwest Theory Get-Together 2010 Theory Group Theoretical research in Argonne's Physics Division addresses a broad range of problems involving the stucture and dynamics...

218

Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

Hazi, A U

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

Measuring the relative efficiency of IC design firms using the directional distance function and a meta-frontier approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an alternative approach for evaluating the efficiency of integrated circuit (IC) design firms. In doing so, it accounts for differences between technology groups containing one or more design firms, and input and output factors to ... Keywords: Directional distance function, Group-frontier, IC design firm, Meta-frontier, Performance evaluations

Bo Hsiao; Ching-Chin Chern; Ming-Miin Yu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

TransForum v9n2 - Energy Frontier Research Centers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Frontier Research Centers Promise Advances in Transportation Technologies Energy Frontier Research Centers Promise Advances in Transportation Technologies IACT The solid-electrolyte interface is a critical component in electrochemical energy storage. Because of the high reactivity between the electrolyte and the electrodes at the SEI interface, Li-ion batteries show limited calendar and cycle life--less than two years, which is much lower than the 15 years required for enabling this technology in vehicles. CEES The platinum particle is interacting with a molecule of propanol. The propanol is a gas phase surrogate for the heavier cellulose materials that are the focus of one of Argonne's Energy Frontier Research Centers, the Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science recently

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source May 2, 2012 - 3:59pm Addthis Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. The United States has an abundance of this untapped resource - methane hydrates are found in and under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world. Today, we're announcing that the Department of Energy, along with the

222

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source May 2, 2012 - 3:59pm Addthis Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. The United States has an abundance of this untapped resource - methane hydrates are found in and under the Arctic permafrost and in ocean sediments along nearly every continental shelf in the world. Today, we're announcing that the Department of Energy, along with the

223

Physics Division annual report - 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summaries are given of progress accomplished for the year in the following areas: (1) Heavy-Ion Nuclear Physics Research; (2) Operation and Development of Atlas; (3) Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics Research; (4) Theoretical Physics Research; and (5) Atomic and Molecular Physics Research.

NONE

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

Implications of Theoretical Ideas Regarding Cold Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lot of theoretical ideas have been floated to explain the so called cold fusion phenomenon. I look at a large subset of these and study further physical implications of the concepts involved. I suggest that these can be tested by other independent physical means. Because of the significance of these the experimentalists are urged to look for these signatures. The results in turn will be important for a better understanding and hence control of the cold fusion phenomenon.

Afsar Abbas

1995-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

225

Particle Physics Education Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

쭺-¶ 쭺-¶ Particle Physics Education Sites ¡]¥H¤U¬°¥~¤åºô¯¸¡^ quick reference Education and Information - National Laboratory Education Programs - Women and Minorities in Physics - Other Physics Sites - Physics Alliance - Accelerators at National Laboratories icon Particle Physics Education and Information sites: top Introduction: The Particle Adventure - an interactive tour of particle physics for everyone: the basics of theory and experiment. Virtual Visitor Center of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Guided Tour of Fermilab, - overviews of several aspects of Particle Physics. Also check out Particle Physics concepts. Probing Particles - a comprehensive and straight-forward introduction to particle physics. Big Bang Science - approaches particle physics starting from the theoretical origin of the universe.

226

CABS: Green Energy for Our Nation's Future (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'CABS: Green Energy for our Nation's Future' was submitted by the Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems (CABS) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CABS, an EFRC directed by Jan Jaworski at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (lead), Michigan State University, the University of Nebraska, New Mexico Consortium/LANL, and Washington State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Jan Jaworski (Director, Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems); Sayre, Richard T. (previous Director); CABS Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

UNC EFRC: Fuels from Sunlight (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Fuels from Sunlight' was submitted by the University of North Carolina (UNC) EFRC: Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. The UNC EFRC directed by Thomas J. Meyer is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: UNC (lead), Duke University, University of Florida, North Caroline Central University, North Carolina State University, and the Research Triangle Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics is 'to combine the best features of academic and translational research to study light/matter interactions and chemical processes for the efficient collection, transfer, and conversion of solar energy into chemical fuels and electricity.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, hydrocarbons, water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, fuel cells, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhosue gas, hydrogen (fuel), interfacial characterization, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Meyer, Thomas J. (Director, UNC EFRC: Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics); UNC EFRC Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Enabling Energy Efficiency (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Enabling Energy Efficiency' was submitted by the EFRC for Solid-State Lighting Science (SSLS) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. SSLS is directed by Mike Coltrin (Acting) and Jerry Simmons at Sandia National Laboratories, and is a partnership of scientists from eight institutions: Sandia National Laboratories (lead); California Institute of Technology; Los Alamos National Laboratory; University of Massachusetts, Lowell; University of New Mexico; Northwestern University; Philips Lumileds Lighting; and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Coltrin, Mike (Acting Director, EFRC for Solid State Lighting Science); Simmons, Jerry; SSLS Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Saving the Sun for a Rainy Day (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Saving the Sun for a Rainy Day' was submitted by the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis (CME) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CME, an EFRC directed by R. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: PNNL (lead), Pensylvania State University, University of Washington, and the University of Wyoming. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis is 'to understand, design and develop molecular electrocatalysts for solar fuel production and use.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, fuel cells, hydrogen (fuel), matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and charge transport.

Bullock, R. Morris (Director, Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis); CME Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Excited About Excitons (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Excited about Excitons' was submitted by the Center for Excitonics to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'outstanding portrayal of young scientists'. The Center for Excitonics, an EFRC directed by Marc Baldo at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: MIT (lead), Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Harvard University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Excitonics is 'to understand the transport of charge carriers in synthetic disordered systems, which hold promise as new materials for conversion of solar energy to electricity and electrical energy storage.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, solid state lighting, photosynthesis, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, defect tolerant materials, scalable processing, and self-assembly.

Baldo, Marc (Director, Center for Excitonics); Center for Excitonics Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for High Energy Physics for High Energy Physics Accelerator Physics P. Spentzouris, Fermilab Motivation Accelerators enable many important applications, both in basic research and applied sciences Different machine attributes are emphasized for different applications * Different particle beams and operation principles * Different energies and intensities Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide spectrum of requirements for very complex instruments. Assisting their design and operation requires an equally complex set of computational tools. High Energy Physics Priorities High energy frontier * Use high-energy colliders to discover new particles and

233

Physical Biosciences | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Physical Biosciences Physical Biosciences Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Biosciences Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area combines experimental and computational tools from the physical sciences with biochemistry and molecular biology. A fundamental understanding of the complex processes that convert and store energy in living systems is sought. Research supported includes studies that investigate the mechanisms by which energy transduction systems are assembled and maintained, the processes that regulate energy-relevant

234

Frontiers: Research highlights 1946-1996 [50th Anniversary Edition. Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This special edition of 'Frontiers' commemorates Argonne National Laboratory's 50th anniversary of service to science and society. America's first national laboratory, Argonne has been in the forefront of U.S. scientific and technological research from its beginning. Past accomplishments, current research, and future plans are highlighted.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Managing uncertainty and ambiguity in frontier R&D projects: A Korean case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the important tasks in planning large, frontier R&D projects is to minimize innate uncertainties and ambiguities in the early stages of the project. This case study is an attempt to provide a framework to handle such problems in R&D planning. ... Keywords: Fuzzy front-end, Knowledge management, O32, R&D planning, Technology management

Yong-Il Song; Dae-Hee Lee; Yong-Gil Lee; Yun-Chul Chung

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

7016 EXPAnDing tHE fROntiERS Solar Decathlon team, circa 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7016 ­ EXPAnDing tHE fROntiERS #12;Solar Decathlon team, circa 2005 #12;CONCRETE CANOE;Above: ASCE (Class of Spring 1978) - Reunion, circa October 2007 Photo credit: Ralph Wheeler and Bob, then with the written part of the requirement, this added burden represented at least one additional credit hour

Aydilek, Ahmet

237

Edge Computing Edge Computing is pushing the frontier of computing applications, data, and services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edge Computing Edge Computing is pushing the frontier of computing applications, data, and services not be continuously connected to a network such as laptops, smartphones, tablets and sensors. Edge Computing covers Cloud/Fog Computing and Grid/Mesh Computing, distributed data storage and retrieval, autonomic self

238

Physics of Binary Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic concepts of theoretical particle physics, including quantum mechanics and Poincar\\'e invariance, the leptonic mass spectrum and the proton mass, can be derived, without reference to first principles, from intrinsic properties of the simplest elements of information represented by binary data. What we comprehend as physical reality is, therefore, a reflection of mathematically determined logical structures, built from elements of binary data.

Walter Smilga

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

239

Theoretical analysis of ARC constriction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The physics of the thermionic converter is governed by strong electrode-plasma interactions (emissions surface scattering, charge exchange) and weak interactions (diffusion, radiation) at the maximum interelectrode plasma radius. The physical processes are thus mostly convective in thin sheaths in front of the electrodes and mostly diffusive and radiative in the plasma bulk. The physical boundaries are open boundaries to particle transfer (electrons emitted or absorbed by the electrodes, all particles diffusing through some maximum plasma radius) and to convective, conductive and radiative heat transfer. In a first approximation the thermionic converter may be described by a one-dimensional classical transport theory. The two-dimensional effects may be significant as a result of the sheath sensitivity to radial plasma variations and of the strong sheath-plasma coupling. The current-voltage characteristic of the converter is thus the result of an integrated current density over the collector area for which the boundary conditions at each r determine the regime (ignited/unignited) of the local current density. A current redistribution strongly weighted at small radii (arc constriction) limits the converter performance and opens questions on constriction reduction possibilities. The questions addressed are the followng: (1) what are the main contributors to the loss of current at high voltage in the thermionic converter; and (2) is arc constriction observable theoretically and what are the conditions of its occurrence. The resulting theoretical problem is formulated and results are given. The converter electrical current is estimated directly from the electron and ion particle fluxes based on the spatial distribution of the electron/ion density n, temperatures T/sub e/, T/sub i/, electrical voltage V and on the knowledge of the transport coefficients. (WHK)

Stoenescu, M.L.; Brooks, A.W.; Smith, T.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Data-intensive e-science frontier research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale e-science, including high-energy and nuclear physics, biomedical informatics, and Earth science, depend on an increasingly integrated, distributed cyberinfrastructure serving virtual organizations on a global scale.

Harvey B. Newman; Mark H. Ellisman; John A. Orcutt

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities » Opportunities » Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures Promoting and supporting high-quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science. Contact Director Harald Dogliani (505) 663-5309 Email Deputy and Signatures Jon Schoonover (505) 665-0772 Email Professional Staff Assistant Georgia Sanchez (505) 663-5291 Email Astophysics and Cosmology Ed Fenimore (505) 667-7371 Email Climate Manvendra K. Dubey (505) 665-3128 Email Geophysics Scott Baldridge (505) 667-4338 Email Space Physics Josef Koller (505) 665-7395 Email Expanding the frontiers of astrophysical, space, earth, and climate sciences and their signatures The Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures at Los

242

Production Economics Modeling and Analysis of Polluting firms: The Production Frontier Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As concern grows about energy and environment issues, energy and environmental modeling and related policy analysis are critical issues for today's society. Polluting firms such as coal power plants play an important role in providing electricity to drive the U.S. economy as well as producing pollution that damages the environment and human health. This dissertation is intended to model and estimate polluting firms' production using nonparametric methods. First, frontier production function of polluting firms is characterized by weak disposability between outputs and pollutants to reflecting the opportunity cost to reduce pollutants. The StoNED method is extended to estimate a weak disposability frontier production function accounting for random noise in the data. The method is applied to the U.S. coal power plants under the Acid Rain Program to find the average technical inefficiency and shadow price of SO2 and NOx. Second, polluting firms' production processes are modeled characterizing both the output production process and the pollution abatement process. Using the law of conservation of mass applied to the pollution abatement process, this dissertation develops a new frontier pollutant function which then is used to find corresponding marginal abatement cost of pollutants. The StoNEZD method is applied to estimate a frontier pollutant function considering the vintage of capital owned by the polluting firms. The method is applied to estimate the average NOx marginal abatement cost for the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program. Last, the effect of a technical change on marginal abatement costs are investigated using an index decomposition technique. The StoNEZD method is extended to estimate sequential frontier pollutant functions reflecting the innovation in pollution reduction. The method is then applied to estimate a technical change effect on a marginal abatement cost of the U.S. coal power plants under the current Clean Air Interstate Rule NOx program.

Mekaroonreung, Maethee

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Higgs boson and beyond: the quest for new laws of physics discussed at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Frontiers in Science lectures Higgs boson and beyond: the quest for new laws of physics discussed at Frontiers in Science lectures The lecture series is intended to increase local public awareness of the diversity of science and engineering research at the Laboratory. October 24, 2012 A candidate Higgs event from a proton-proton collision at the ATLAS experiment, producing two electrons (short blue tracks) and two muons (long blue tracks). A candidate Higgs event from a proton-proton collision at the ATLAS experiment, producing two electrons (short blue tracks) and two muons (long blue tracks). Image courtesy of ATLAS Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 24, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) scientist Michael Graesser describes what we know about the Higgs boson

244

Elementary particle physics at the University of Florida  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses research in the following areas: theoretical elementary particle physics; experimental elementary particle physics; axion project; SSC detector development; and computer acquisition. (LSP).

Not Available

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Final Report to the Department of Energy on the 1994 International Accelerator School: Frontiers of Accelerator Technology  

SciTech Connect

The international accelerator school on Frontiers of Accelerator Technology was organized jointly by the US Particle Accelerator School (Dr. Mel Month and Ms. Marilyn Paul), the CERN Accelerator School, and the KEK Accelerator School, and was hosted by the University of Hawaii. The course was held on Maui, Hawaii, November 3-9, 1994 and was made possible in part by a grant from the Department of Energy under award number DE-FG03-94ER40875, AMDT M006. The 1994 program was preceded by similar joint efforts held at Santa Margherita di Pula, Sardinia in February 1985, South Padre Island, Texas in October 1986, Anacapri, Italy in October 1988, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina in October 1990, and Benalmedena, Spain in October/November 1992. The most recent program was held in Montreux, Switzerland in May 1998. The purpose of the program is to disseminate knowledge on the latest ideas and developments in the technology of particle accelerators by bringing together known world experts and younger scientists in the field. It is intended for individuals with professional interest in accelerator physics and technology, for graduate students, for post-docs, for those interested in accelerator based sciences, and for scientific and engineering staff at industrial firms, especially those companies specializing in accelerator components.

Harris, F.A.

1998-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

246

Light Matters (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Light Matters' was submitted by the Center for Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'striking photography and visual impact'. LMI, an EFRC directed by Harry Atwater at the California Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: CalTech (lead), University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion is 'to tailor the morphology, complex dielectric structure, and electronic properties of matter to sculpt the flow of sunlight, enabling light conversion to electrical and chemical energy with unprecedented efficiency.' Research topics are: catalysis (imines hydrocarbons), solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solid state lighting, metamaterial, optics, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, photsynthesis, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, and matter by design.

Atwater, Harry (Director, Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI), California Institute of Technology); LMI Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Carbon in Underland (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

SciTech Connect

'Carbon in Underland' was submitted by the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'entertaining animation and engaging explanations of carbon sequestration'. NCGC, an EFRC directed by Donald J. DePaolo at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from seven institutions: LBNL (lead) Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of California, Davis, Ohio State University, and Washington University in St. Louis. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO{sub 2} is 'to use new investigative tools, combined with experiments and computer simulations, to build a fundamental understanding of molecular-to-pore-scale processes in fluid-rock systems, and to demonstrate the ability to control critical aspects of flow, transport, and mineralization in porous rock media as applied to geologic sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Research topics are: bio-inspired, CO{sub 2} (store), greenhouse gas, and interfacial characterization.

DePaolo, Donald J. (Director, Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2); NCGC Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

NREL: Energy Sciences - Theoretical Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Materials Science Solid-State Theory Materials Science Hydrogen Technology & Fuel Cells Process Technology & Advanced Concepts Research Staff Computational Science Printable Version Theoretical Materials Science Learn about our research staff including staff profiles, publications, and contact information. Using modern computational techniques, the Theoretical Materials Science Group, within NREL's Chemical and Materials Science Center, applies quantum mechanics to complex materials, yielding quantitative predictions to guide and interact with experimental explorations. Current research focuses on the following efforts: Design new photovoltaic materials that can improve solar cell efficiency and reduce its cost. Explain the underlying physics of new

249

Chemistry & Physics at Interfaces | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxide Interfaces Chemical Imaging Grain Boundaries Related Research Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Research Areas | Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces SHARE Chemistry and Physics at Interfaces Chemical transformations and physical phenomena at gas, liquid and solid interfaces lie at the heart of today's energy technologies. They underpin ORNL's research strategies to deliver scientific discoveries and technical breakthroughs that will accelerate the development and deployment of solutions in clean energy. Understanding, predicting and controlling the structure, transport and reactivity at interfaces will lead to advances in

250

Physics at DAFNE2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The original plan of a vigorous program of frontier physics at LNF, based on the phi-factory DAFNE with the KLOE detector, has not yet reached its major aim in the study of discrete symmetries in the neutral kaon system. It has however led to the education of a new generation of particle and accelerator physicists. With such invaluable human resources it seems appropriate to consider a renewed effort in achieving much improved collider performance. It will be argued in the following that it is still possible to envision a program of superior quality physics, requiring several years and broad enough to justify a new collider operating at the phi-meson mass. It remains of paramount importance that the program covers topics of fundamental interest, with many collateral avenues well connected to the ultimate goal, a most sensitive test of CPT invariance. The appropriate time frame for these ventures to be successful is quite well defined, in view of the large LHC effort to begin towards the end of the present dec...

Franzini, P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Physics at DAFNE2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The original plan of a vigorous program of frontier physics at LNF, based on the phi-factory DAFNE with the KLOE detector, has not yet reached its major aim in the study of discrete symmetries in the neutral kaon system. It has however led to the education of a new generation of particle and accelerator physicists. With such invaluable human resources it seems appropriate to consider a renewed effort in achieving much improved collider performance. It will be argued in the following that it is still possible to envision a program of superior quality physics, requiring several years and broad enough to justify a new collider operating at the phi-meson mass. It remains of paramount importance that the program covers topics of fundamental interest, with many collateral avenues well connected to the ultimate goal, a most sensitive test of CPT invariance. The appropriate time frame for these ventures to be successful is quite well defined, in view of the large LHC effort to begin towards the end of the present decade.

Paolo Franzini

2004-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

252

Charting the New Frontier of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background are a gold mine for cosmology and fundamental physics. ESA's Planck satellite should soon extract all information from the temperature vein but will be limited concerning the measurement of the degree of polarization of the anisotropies. This polarization information allows new independent tests of the standard cosmological paradigm, improves knowledge of cosmological parameters and last but not least is the best window available for constraining the physics of the very early universe, particularly the expected background of primordial gravitational waves. But exploiting this vein will be a challenge, since the sensitivity required is {\\em at least} 10 times better than what Planck might achieve at best, with the necessary matching level of control of all systematics effects, both instrumental and astrophysical (foregrounds). We here recall the cosmological context and the case for CMB polarization studies. We also briefly introduce the SAMPAN project, a des...

Bouchet, F R; Camus, P; Dsert, F X; Piat, M; Ponthieu, N; Camus, Ph.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LHC Computing LHC Computing Computing The discovery of new physics at CMS depends upon the successful processing and storage of an unprecedented amount of data. Each year, the detector will produce more than one petabyte - 1 million gigabytes - of raw data. The experiment will produce even larger amounts of simulated data, which is necessary for understanding the performance of the detector and what signals from new physics will look like in the collected data. All of this data must be processed, stored, transmitted to physicists around the world and analyzed. To cope with these demands, CMS and other LHC experiments are pursuing a distributed computing solution. In this tiered system, the CERN computing center is responsible for doing a first-pass processing of the collision

254

ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose ULTRA-DEEPWATER AND FRONTIER REGIONS RESEARCH NETL Team Technical Coordinator: Kelly Rose Name Project Role Affiliation University Project Title Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Liu, Xingbo PI WVU Chen, Ting Graduate Student WVU Enick, Robert PI Pitt Baled, Hseen Post Doc Pitt Xing, Dazun Post Doc Pitt Baled, Hseen Grad Student Pitt Anderson, Brian PI WVU Velaga, Srinath Grad Student WVU Equation of State Model Assessment and development Evaluate Heavy Oil Viscosity Standard Quantifying complex fluid- phase properties at high pressure/high temperature (HTHP) Experimental and numerical evaluation of key metal-based failures Plume Modeling for High- pressure Water Tunnel Facility Name Title Affiliation Rose, Kelly Geologist

255

The double-beta decay: Theoretical challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrinoless double beta decay is a unique process that could reveal physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics namely, if observed, it would prove that neutrinos are Majorana particles. In addition, it could provide information regarding the neutrino masses and their hierarchy, provided that reliable nuclear matrix elements can be obtained. The two neutrino double beta decay is an associate process that is allowed by the Standard Model, and it was observed for about ten nuclei. The present contribution gives a brief review of the theoretical challenges associated with these two process, emphasizing the reliable calculation of the associated nuclear matrix elements.

Horoi, Mihai [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 48859 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Energy, Energy Storage Division through thegeneration and energy storage, Presented at Frontiers ofIn Proceed- ings of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Work-

Tsang, Chin Fu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Gas Phase Chemical Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Gas Phase Chemical Physics Gas Phase Chemical Physics Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Gas Phase Chemical Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Gas Phase Chemical Physics (GPCP) research emphasizes studies of the dynamics and rates of chemical reactions at energies characteristic of combustion, and the chemical and physical properties of key combustion intermediates. The overall aim is the development of a fundamental understanding of chemical reactivity enabling validated theories, models and computational tools for predicting rates, products, and dynamics of

258

Basin analog approach answers characterization challenges of unconventional gas potential in frontier basins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To continue increasing the energy supply to meet global demand in the coming decades, the energy industry needs creative thinking that leads to the development of new energy sources. Unconventional gas resources, especially those in frontier basins, will play an important role in fulfilling future world energy needs. We must identify and quantify potential unconventional gas resources in basins around the world to plan for their development. Basin analog assessment is one technique that can be used to identify and quantify unconventional gas resources that is less expensive and less time consuming. We have developed a basin analog methodology that is useful for rapidly and consistently evaluating the unconventional hydrocarbon resource potential in exploratory basins. We developed software, Basin Analog System (BAS), to perform and accelerate the process of identifying analog basins. Also, we built a database that includes geologic and petroleum systems information of intensely studied North America basins that contain well characterized conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon resources. We have selected 25 basins in North America that have a history of producing unconventional gas resources. These are â??referenceâ? basins that are used to predict resources in frontier or exploratory basins. The software assists us in ranking reference basins that are most analogous to the target basin for the primary purpose of evaluating the potential unconventional resources in the target basin. The methodology allows us to numerically rank all the reference basins relative to the target basin. The accuracy of the results depends on the descriptions of geologic and petroleum systems. We validated the software to make sure it is functioning correctly and to test the validity of the process and the database. Finding a reference basin that is analogous to a frontier basin can provide insights into potential unconventional gas resources of the frontier basin. Our method will help industry predict the unconventional hydrocarbon resource potential of frontier basins, guide exploration strategy, infer reservoir characteristics, and make preliminary decisions concerning the best engineering practices as wells are drilled, completed, stimulated and produced.

Singh, Kalwant

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Research in High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

This final report details the work done from January 2010 until April 2013 in the area of experimental and theoretical high energy particle physics and cosmology at the University of California, Davis.

Conway, John S.

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

260

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy Frontier |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator & Detector Technology at the LHC Accelerator & Detector Technology at the LHC Accelerator Fermilab, in collaboration with CERN and the KEK laboratory in Japan, designed and constructed the inner triplet magnet systems that focus the proton beams just before they enter the four main LHC experiments to increase their chances of colliding. Fermilab and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory designed and constructed eight cryogenic and power-feed boxes that support the final-focus systems. Scientists from Fermilab also helped carry out accelerator physics calculations in support of the design of the LHC. Fermilab has contributed to the design of equipment to improve performance of the LHC and to the commissioning of the collider. Detector Hadron calorimeter and electromagnet calorimeter Fermilab scientists, technicians and engineers helped lead the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Venezuela recasts itself as a new frontier in the Americas  

SciTech Connect

In January of this year, Venezuela captured the attention of the international energy community by welcoming back the foreign oil companies that, 20 years earlier, it had shut out of the country by nationalizing the hydrocarbon sector. The tool used to attract that attention, a new exploration bidding round, is the most publicized event staged to date in the country`s aperture process. However, it is only the latest in a series of steps taken by officials to bring international oil and gas companies back to Caracas. Venezuela`s physical attraction is easily understood. The country possesses roughly one-half of Latin America`s (including Mexico) 125 billion bbl of established, conventional crude oil reserves, plus an estimated 300 billion bbl of additional, nonconventional reserves in the ultra-heavy crude belt of the Orinoco basin. Averaging 2.8 million bpd in 1996, Venezuelan crude production represents over 35% of regional oil output. Natural gas reserves total 138 Tcf, or just over one-half of the region`s total reserves of 274 Tcfg. Annual gas output averages just under 5 Tcf, of which roughly 30% is reinjected as part of tertiary oil recovery schemes. This paper reviews the incentives, deregulation, and government policies to restore the oil and gas industry to the country.

Reinsch, A.E. [Canadian Energy Research Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Experiments...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle Physics News Image Bank Fermilab in the News Quantum Diaries In this Section: Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier How...

263

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

main content Science at Fermilab Frontiers of Particle Physics Experiments & Projects Energy Frontier Tevatron at Fermilab Fermilab and the LHC Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier...

264

cosmicfrontiermoreinfo | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Cosmic Frontier: More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass P5 Planning Process Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Cosmic...

265

Low Background Materials and Assay - A Supplement to the Cosmic Frontier CF1 Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This White Paper provides a supplement to the Snowmass Summary from CF1 (Cosmic Frontier WIMP Direct Detection). It was largely prepared during the August 2013 Community Planning Meeting and relies on information gathered from the larger dark matter community. It is a more detailed answer to the CF1 Charge: "Identify the common infrastructure required to meet the scientific and technical goals of dark matter direct detection." The community as a whole recognizes that sensitive searches for WIMPs require identification, quantification, and procurement of radiopure materials. The lack of sufficient resources in this area is a major project risk for future experiments and can limit scientific reach

J. Cooley; P. Cushman; E. W. Hoppe; J. L. Orrell; R. W. Schnee

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

266

Physics Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Find people (by last name) Go Advanced search Physics Home High Energy & Nuclear Physics Directorate Research Current Research Areas BNL Physics Timeline Administrative...

267

BABAR Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics A BABAR event display. BABAR physics results span a broad range of topics, including B, charm, and tau physics; CP violation; precision CKM measurements; charmonium and...

268

painless physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART...

269

Chemistry & Physics at Interfaces | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from Atoms to Systems Materials Characterization Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced...

270

Physics of Neutron Star Crusts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics of neutron star crusts is vast, involving many different research fields, from nuclear and condensed matter physics to general relativity. This review summarizes the progress, which has been achieved over the last few years, in modeling neutron star crusts, both at the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The confrontation of these theoretical models with observations is also briefly discussed.

N. Chamel; P. Haensel

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

LANL | Physics | High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exploring high energy physics Physics Division scientists and engineers investigate the field of high energy physics through experiments that strengthen our fundamental...

272

Center for Beam Physics: 1994--95  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Beam Physics is a multidisciplinary research and development unit in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory of the University of California. At the heart of the Center`s mission is a fundamental quest for mechanisms of acceleration, radiation, transport, and focusing of energy and information. Dedicated to exploring the frontiers of particle and photon beam physics, its primary mission is to promote the science and technology of the production, manipulation, storage, and control of systems of charged particles and photons. This roster and annual report provides a glimpse of the scientists, engineers, technical support, students, and administrative staff that make up the CBP`s team and gives a brief review of the multifaceted activities during 1994 and 1995.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Some highlights of theoretical and computational plasma physics  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are to provide some insight into the basic models, to give some impression of the difficult nature of the equations, to show some of the present understanding of the nonlinear consequences of the equations, and to illustrate the remarks with computational studies. The aim of this plasma theory is to describe equilibria, stability of the equilibria, and the transport of energy and particles out of the plasma. (MOW)

McNamara, B.

1977-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

274

(Experimental and theoretical basic research in high energy physics)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the measurement of charm and b decays via hadronic production in a hybrid emulsion spectrometer, quantum chromodynamics, quantum electrodynamics, weak interactions, and cosmological applications. (LSP)

Not Available

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

role increasing the ``cold fusion'' probability in electronic molecules whose nuclear constituents have. Therefore, widths of such resonances giving a probability of a fusion of the nu­ clear constituents for the molecules LiD and H 2 O. There exists also a well­known exam­ ple [?] of muon catalyzed fusion of deuteron

276

TIFR Annual Report 2005-06 THEORETICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of University of Bonn, Germany]. Charged Higgs Boson The Charged Higgs boson (H+ ) carries the distinctive of the signature for such a heavy charged Higgs boson search at the large hadron collider (LHC) was carried out quark and it can have a novel decay mode into W+ and a neutral Higgs boson [D. P. Roy with Rohini

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

277

Physics and Chemistry of Materials, T-1: Theoretical, T: LANL...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leader (acting) Joel Kress> Deputy Group Leader (acting) Neil Henson Administration Lysa Intrator Debbie Jaramillo If you need assistance please email t1-admins@lanl.gov or call...

278

Fire Interactions and Pulsation - Theoretical and Physical Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Smoke under Controlled Conditions. Fall Meeting of the Western States Section of the CombustionWood Smoke under Controlled Conditions. 2009 Fall Meeting of the Western States Section of the Combustion

Maynard, Trevor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Fire Interactions and Pulsation - Theoretical and Physical Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flame to be captured. A butane lighter was used for ignitionFuels were ignited using a butane torch and were allowed toFuels were ignited using a butane torch and were allowed to

Maynard, Trevor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Elementary particle physics at the University of Florida. Annual progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses research in the following areas: theoretical elementary particle physics; experimental elementary particle physics; axion project; SSC detector development; and computer acquisition. (LSP).

Not Available

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Game Theoretic Methods for the Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The future smart grid is envisioned as a large-scale cyber-physical system encompassing advanced power, communications, control, and computing technologies. In order to accommodate these technologies, it will have to build on solid mathematical tools that can ensure an efficient and robust operation of such heterogeneous and large-scale cyber-physical systems. In this context, this paper is an overview on the potential of applying game theory for addressing relevant and timely open problems in three emerging areas that pertain to the smart grid: micro-grid systems, demand-side management, and communications. In each area, the state-of-the-art contributions are gathered and a systematic treatment, using game theory, of some of the most relevant problems for future power systems is provided. Future opportunities for adopting game theoretic methodologies in the transition from legacy systems toward smart and intelligent grids are also discussed. In a nutshell, this article provides a comprehensive account of the...

Saad, Walid; Poor, H Vincent; Ba?ar, Tamer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Physics Division annual review, April 1, 1988--March 31, 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document discusses the following main topics: Research at Atlas; Operation and Development of Atlas; Medium-Energy Nuclear Physics and Weak Interactions; Theoretical Nuclear Physics; Interactions of Fast Atomic and Molecular Ions with Solid and Gaseous Targets; Atomic Physics at Synchrotron Light Sources; Atomic Physics at Atlas and the ECR Source; Theoretical Atomic Physics; High-Resolution Laser-rf Spectroscopy of Atomic and Molecular Beams; and Fast Ion-Beam/Laser Studies of Atomic and Molecular Structure.

Thayer, K.J. (ed.)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST/MML Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science. Mission. ... Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science ...

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

284

Physics of adherent cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most unique physical features of cell adhesion to external surfaces is the active generation of mechanical force at the cell-material interface. This includes pulling forces generated by contractile polymer bundles and networks, and pushing forces generated by the polymerization of polymer networks. These forces are transmitted to the substrate mainly by focal adhesions, which are large, yet highly dynamic adhesion clusters. Tissue cells use these forces to sense the physical properties of their environment and to communicate with each other. The effect of forces is intricately linked to the material properties of cells and their physical environment. Here a review is given of recent progress in our understanding of the role of forces in cell adhesion from the viewpoint of theoretical soft matter physics and in close relation to the relevant experiments.

Schwarz, Ulrich S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

cosmicfrontiermoreinfo | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Cosmic Frontier: More Information Cosmic Frontier: More Information High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More Information Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More Information Print Text Size: A A A

286

Physics Division progress report for period ending June 30, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Progress is reported in detail in the following areas: Holifield Heavy-Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, the UNISOR program, neutron physics, theoretical physics, the Nuclear Data Project, atomic and plasma physics, and high energy physics. Publications are listed. Separate abstracts were prepared for 34 papers. (WHK)

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research and development activities are summarized in the following areas: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, the UNISOR program, accelerator-based atomic physics, theoretical physics, nuclear science applications, atomic physics and plasma diagnostics for fusion program, high-energy physics, the nuclear data project, and the relativistic heavy-ion collider study. Publications and papers presented are listed. (WHK)

Not Available

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Research accomplishments and future goals in particle physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document presents our proposal to continue the activities of Boston University researchers in eight projects in high energy physics research: Colliding Beams Physics; Accelerator Design Physics; MACRO Project; Proton Decay Project; Theoretical Particle Physics; Muon G-2 Project; and Hadron Collider Physics. The scope of each of these projects is presented in detail in this paper.

Whitaker, J.S.

1990-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

289

Physics division progress report for period ending September 30 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses research being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in physics. The areas covered are: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility; low/medium energy nuclear physics; high energy experimental physics; the Unisor program; experimental atomic physics; laser and electro-optics lab; theoretical physics; compilations and evaluations; and radioactive ion beam development. (LSP)

Livingston, A.B. [ed.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Symmetry and Supersymmetry in Nuclear Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey of algebraic approaches to various problems in nuclear physics is given. Examples are chosen from pairing of many-nucleon systems, nuclear structure, fusion reactions below the Coulomb barrier, and supernova neutrino physics to illustrate the utility of group-theoretical and related algebraic methods in nuclear physics.

A. B. Balantekin

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

291

The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.  

SciTech Connect

The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory:  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses progress on experiments at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. The projects and areas discussed are: Principal Parameters Achieved in Experimental Devices, Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor, Princeton Large Torus, Princeton Beta Experiment, S-1 Spheromak, Current-Drive Experiment, X-ray Laser Studies, Theoretical Division, Tokamak Modeling, Spacecraft Glow Experiment, Compact Ignition Tokamak, Engineering Department, Project Planning and Safety Office, Quality Assurance and Reliability, and Administrative Operations.

Phillips, C.A. (ed.)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Theoretical Biology and Biophysics, T-6: Theoretical, T: LANL...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leader (Acting) Ben McMahon Administration Jenny Esch Andie McLaughlin-Kysar Office Location TA-3, Bldg 410, Rm 164 Theoretical Biology and Biophysics, T-6 T-6 focuses on the...

295

Theoretical Minimum Energy Use of a Building HVAC System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the theoretical minimum energy use required by the HVAC system in a particular code compliant office building. This limit might be viewed as the "Carnot Efficiency" for HVAC system. It assumes that all ventilation and air conditioning in the building are provided using the minimum energy value that does not violate physical law.

Tanskyi, O.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

New directions for nuclear physics: a personal view  

SciTech Connect

A review is given of theoretical and experimental high energy physics, and possible future directions of study are pointed out. (JFP)

Goldhaber, M.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics LBL Logo A-Z CSD Research Highlights CSD Directory Chemical Sciences Division A-Z Index Phone Book Search Berkeley Lab INTRODUCTION TO CSD NATIONAL FACILITIES & CENTERS RESEARCH PROGRAMS Atomic, Molecular & Optical Sciences Catalytic Science Chemical Physics The Glenn T. Seaborg Center (GTSC) STUDENT & POSTDOCTORAL OPPORTUNITIES NEWS & EVENTS CSD CONTACTS LBNL HOME Privacy & Security Notice DOE UC Berkeley CSD > Research Programs > Chemical Physics The Chemical Physics Program of the Chemical Science Division of LBNL is concerned with the development of both experimental and theoretical methodologies for studying molecular structure and dynamical processes at the most fundamental level, and with the application of these to specific

298

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| under AEC Contract A T (30-1)-3780 " ■ ' Annual Report (1970) Principal In-vestigator: Martin Karpins Institution: Harvard University The research performed under this contract can best be sunmarized under several headings. (a) Alkali-Halideg Alkali-Halide (MX^ M*X*) Exchange Reactions. This project is being continued. A careful study of certain

299

12 October 1998 Physics Letters A 247 (1998) 2461251  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, Fusion Plasma Research, JAERI, Naka-machi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, Japan b Department of Theoretical Physics and Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering

Hudson, Stuart

300

Autonomic Materials for Smarter, Safer, Longer-Lasting Batteries (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Autonomic Materials for Smarter, Safer, Longer-Lasting Batteries' was submitted by the Center for Electrical Energy Storage (CEES) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CEES, an EFRC directed by Michael Thackery at Argonne National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: ANL (lead), Northwestern University, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Electrical Energy Storage is 'to acquire a fundamental understanding of interfacial phenomena controlling electrochemical processes that will enable dramatic improvements in the properties and performance of energy storage devices, notable Li ion batteries.' Research topics are: electrical energy storage, batteries, battery electrodes, electrolytes, adaptive materials, interfacial characterization, matter by design; novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and defect tolerant materials.

Thackeray, Michael (Director, Center for Electrical Energy Storage); CEES Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

'The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)' was submitted by the CMSNF to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMSNF, an EFRC directed by Todd Allen at the Idaho National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: INL (lead), Colorado School of Mines, University of Florida, Florida State University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the University of Wisconsin at Madison. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels is 'to achieve a first-principles based understanding of the effect of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels.' Research topics are: phonons, thermal conductivity, nuclear, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, and matter by design.

Allen, Todd (Director, Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel); CMSNF Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes at LANL (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

'Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes (CMIME) at LANL' was submitted by CMIME to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMIME, an EFRC directed by Michael Nastasi at Los Alamos National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: LANL (lead), Carnegia Mellon University, the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Michael Nastasi (Director, Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes); CMIME Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Solar Cells from Plastics? Mission Possible at the PHaSE Energy Research Center, UMass Amherst (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Solar Cells from Plastics? Mission Possible at the PHaSE Energy Research Center, UMass Amherst' was submitted by the Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy (PHaSE) EFRC to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. PHaSE, an EFRC co-directed by Thomas P. Russell and Paul M. Lahti at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: UMass (lead), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pennyslvania State University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and the University of Pittsburgh. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Russell, Thomas P; Lahti, Paul M. (PHaSE - Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy); PHaSE Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)' was submitted by CEEM to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CEEM, an EFRC directed by John Bowers at the University of California, Santa Barbara is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: UC, Santa Barbara (lead), UC, Santa Cruz, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Energy Efficient Materials is 'to discover and develop materials that control the interactions between light, electricity, and heat at the nanoscale for improved solar energy conversion, solid-state lighting, and conversion of heat into electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, solid state lighting, optics, thermoelectric, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, batteries, battery electrodes, novel materials synthesis, and scalable processing.

Bowers, John (Director, Center for Energy Efficient Materials ); CEEM Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

CABS: Green Energy for Our Nation's Future (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'CABS: Green Energy for our Nation's Future' was submitted by the Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems (CABS) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CABS, an EFRC directed by Jan Jaworski at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (lead), Michigan State University, the University of Nebraska, New Mexico Consortium/LANL, and Washington State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Jan Jaworski (Director, Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems); Sayre, Richard T. (previous Director); CABS Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Moving from Petroleum to Plants to Energize our World (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Moving from Petroleum to Plants to Energize our World' was submitted by the Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. C3Bio, an EFRC directed by Maureen McCann at Purdue University is a partnership between five institutions: Purdue (lead), Argonne National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Northeastern University, and the University of Tennessee. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

McCann, Maureen (Director, Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels); C3Bio Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

343. Document entitled "Develop "Frontier" Resources to Ensure Future Oil and Na  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3. Document entitled "Develop "Frontier" Resources to Ensure Future Oil and Natural Gas 3. Document entitled "Develop "Frontier" Resources to Ensure Future Oil and Natural Gas Supply," dated March 8, 2001. B-5 Exemption - Information withheld (under Exemption 5) consists of deliberative material reflecting comments, recommendations and revisions of draft documents relating to NEPDG. 2 pages. #4139-4140 Withheld 344. Document entitled "The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve," dated March 7, 2001. B-5 Exemption - Information withheld (under Exemption 5) consists of deliberative material reflecting comments, recommendations and revisions of draft documents relating to NEPDG. 2 pages. #4141-4142 Withheld 345. Document entitled "The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve," dated March 8, 2001. B- 5 Exemption -

308

Physics Division: Subatomic Physics Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subatomic Physics Subatomic Physics Physics home » Subatomic Physics Site Home About Us Groups Applied Modern Physics, P-21 Neutron Science and Technology, P-23 Plasma Physics, P-24 Subatomic Physics, P-25 CONTACTS Group Leader Jon Kapustinsky (Acting) Deputy Group Leader Andy Saunders Office Administration Irene Martinez Miquela Sanchez Group Office (505) 667-6941 Physics Links Jobs in Physics Human Resources Working at Los Alamos Los Alamos resources Who we are, what we do We conduct basic research in nuclear and particle physics, applying this expertise to solve problems of national importance. By pushing the limits of our understanding of the smallest building blocks of matter through diverse experiments probing aspects of subatomic reactions, we aim to provide a more thorough understanding of the basic

309

New Physics Search in the LHCb Era  

SciTech Connect

The authors present theoretical and experimental preparations for an indirect search for new physics (NP) using the rare decay {bar B}{sub d} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. They design new observables with very small theoretical uncertainties and good experimental resolution.

Hurth, Tobias; /CERN /SLAC; ,

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

310

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTG MTG For the Public News & Highlights Publications Seminars Workshops Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Fact Sheet Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) Related Groups Computational Materials Science Group (CSMD) Nanomaterials Theory Institute (CNMS) Single Crystal Diffraction Group (NScD) University of Tennesee (MSE) ORNL Materials in Extreme Environments Other Useful Links American Physical Society DOE Office of Science Institute of Physics Office of Basic Energy Sciences National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Materials Group In The News PSD Directorate › MST Division › Materials Theory Group The Materials Theory Group (MTG) of the Materials Science and Technology

311

Information-theoretic-based spreading measures of orthogonal polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The macroscopic properties of a quantum system strongly depend on the spreading of the physical eigenfunctions (wavefunctions) of its Hamiltonian operador over its confined domain. The wavefunctions are often controlled by classical or hypergeometric-type orthogonal polynomials (Hermite, Laguerre and Jacobi). Here we discuss the spreading of these polynomials over its orthogonality interval by means of various information-theoretic quantities which grasp some facets of the polynomial distribution not yet analyzed. We consider the information-theoretic lengths closely related to the Fisher information and R\\'enyi and Shannon entropies, which quantify the polynomial spreading far beyond the celebrated standard deviation.

Jesus S. Dehesa; A. Guerrero; Pablo Snchez-Moreno

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

312

Electroweak Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work on electroweak precision calculations and event generators for electroweak physics studies at current and future colliders is summarized.

W. Hollik

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

313

Nuclear Physics with Electroweak Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the italian theoretical Nuclear Physics community has played a leading role in the development of a unified approach, allowing for a consistent and fully quantitative description of the nuclear response to electromagnetic and weak probes. In this paper I review the main achievements in both fields, point out some of the open problems, and outline the most promising prospects.

Omar Benhar

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy Frontier Research Centers 2011 Summit and Forum: Science for our Nation's Energy Future (Videoed Presentations)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Science for our Nations Energy Future, the 2011 Summit and Forum for and by DOEs Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) was held May 2011 in Washington D.C. The videoed presentations are listed below. In addition, the same website provides access to the 26 videos created and submitted by some of the EFRCs as entries to the Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research research.

  • Welcome Remarks and Introduction from the DOE Under Secretary for Science, Steve Koonin
  • Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)
  • Remarks from Congressional Leaders: Senator Jeff Bingaman
  • Remarks from Congressional Leaders: Congressman Daniel Lipinski
  • Remarks from Congressional Leaders: Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren
  • Introduction to the Summit Session, "Leading Perspectives in Energy Research", from the Director of the DOE Office of Science, Bill Brinkman
  • The Role of Research Universities in Helping Solve our Energy Challenges: A Case Study at Stanford and SLAC (John Hennessy)
  • Innovating a Sustainable Energy Future (Mark Little)
  • Perspectives in Energy Research: How Can We Change the Game? (Eric Isaccs)
  • Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP): DOE's Solar Fuels Energy Innovation Hub (Nate Lewis)
  • Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs): A Response to Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination (panel session)
  • Science for Energy Technology: The Industry Perspective (panel session)
  • Energy Frontier Research Centers: A View from Senior EFRC Representatives (panel session)
  • Facing Our Energy Challenges in a New Era of Science (Pat Dehmer, Forum Session)
  • Basic Solar Energy Research in Japan (Kazunari Domen, Forum Session)
  • A Resurgence of United Kingdom Nuclear Power Research (Robin Grimes, Forum Session)
  • Key Challenges and New Trends in Battery Research (Jean Marie Tarascon, Forum Session)

315

Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses topics in the following areas: Holifield heavy ion research; Experimental Nuclear physics; The Uniser program; Experimental Atomic Physics; Theoretical Physics; Laser and electro-optics lab; High Energy Physics; compilations and evaluations; and accelerator design and development. (FI)

Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Physics validation studies for muon collider detector background simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the broad discipline of physics, the study of the fundamental forces of nature and the most basic constituents of the universe belongs to the field of particle physics. While frequently referred to as 'high-energy physics,' or by the acronym 'HEP,' particle physics is not driven just by the quest for ever-greater energies in particle accelerators. Rather, particle physics is seen as having three distinct areas of focus: the cosmic, intensity, and energy frontiers. These three frontiers all provide different, but complementary, views of the basic building blocks of the universe. Currently, the energy frontier is the realm of hadron colliders like the Tevatron at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) or the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. While the LHC is expected to be adequate for explorations up to 14 TeV for the next decade, the long development lead time for modern colliders necessitates research and development efforts in the present for the next generation of colliders. This paper focuses on one such next-generation machine: a muon collider. Specifically, this paper focuses on Monte Carlo simulations of beam-induced backgrounds vis-a-vis detector region contamination. Initial validation studies of a few muon collider physics background processes using G4beamline have been undertaken and results presented. While these investigations have revealed a number of hurdles to getting G4beamline up to the level of more established simulation suites, such as MARS, the close communication between us, as users, and the G4beamline developer, Tom Roberts, has allowed for rapid implementation of user-desired features. The main example of user-desired feature implementation, as it applies to this project, is Bethe-Heitler muon production. Regarding the neutron interaction issues, we continue to study the specifics of how GEANT4 implements nuclear interactions. The GEANT4 collaboration has been contacted regarding the minor discrepancies in the neutron interaction cross sections for boron. While corrections to the data files themselves are simple to implement and distribute, it is quite possible, however, that coding changes may be required in G4beamline or even in GEANT4 to fully correct nuclear interactions. Regardless, these studies are ongoing and future results will be reflected in updated releases of G4beamline.

Morris, Aaron Owen; /Northern Illinois U.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Measuring the energy efficiency of households: an application of frontier production function analysis  

SciTech Connect

A new method to estimate the energy efficiency of households is presented. Households are viewed as productive units organized to provide the occupants with numerous services requiring fuel as an input: house heating to achieve a desired interior temperature, lighting for recreation, etc. The focus is on the efficiency of energy use, not the demand for energy. The approach to measuring efficiency compares a group of productive units along several dimensions of input resources and service outputs. The comparison identifies a subset of units that are considered efficient because they require the least resources per unit of service provided. The efficient units form a production possibility frontier of best practice in service provision. A regression of the two sets of efficiency scores on other variables reflecting locational, dwelling unit, and occupational characteristics is performed to identify factors accounting for differences in efficiency. The results indicate that the more efficient units used electric heat, had higher ratios of non-electric to electric fuel inputs, were owner-occupied, and were built after 1974. The findings also suggest that both family life cycle and income effects account for efficiency differences.

Baxter, L.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Supercomputer requirements for theoretical chemistry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many problems important to the theoretical chemist would, if implemented in their full complexity, strain the capabilities of today's most powerful computers. Several such problems are now being implemented on the CRAY-1 computer at Los Alamos. Examples of these problems are taken from the fields of molecular electronic structure calculations, quantum reactive scattering calculations, and quantum optics. 12 figures.

Walker, R.B.; Hay, P.J.; Galbraith, H.W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

IMPLICATIONS OF THEORETICAL IDEAS REGARDING COLD FUSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lot of theoretical ideas have been floated to explain the so called cold fusion phenomenon. I look at a large subset of these and study further physical implications of the concepts involved. I suggest that these can be tested by other independent physical means. Because of the significance of these the experimentalists are urged to look for these signatures. The results in turn will be important for a better understanding and hence control of the cold fusion phenomenon. 1 Since the initial claims, counterclaims and confusion of 1989 the field of cold fusion has settled down as a reasonably well pursued field all over the world as evidenced by several recent conferences and publications [1-7]. Perhaps not surprisingly it has turned out to be a tough field experimentally as much as the results viewed globally are quite sporadic and the optimum conditions are still unknown. However the bottomline is that whether conventional cold fusion or not excess heat and/or neutron and/or He 4 etc are

unknown authors

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Experimental and theoretical investigation of high gradient acceleration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains a technical progress summary of the research conducted under the auspices of DOE Grant No. DE-FG0291ER-40648. Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of High Gradient Acceleration.'' This grant supports three research tasks: Task A consists of the design and fabrication of a 17GHz of photocathode gun, Task B supports the testing of high gradient acceleration using a 33GHz structure, and Task C comprises theoretical investigations, both in support of the experimental tasks and on critical physics issues for the development of high energy linear colliders. This report is organized as follows. The development of an rf gun design and research progress on the picosecond laser system is summarized in Sec. 2, the status of the studies of the LBL/Haimson high gradient structure, using a 50 MW free-electron laser is summarized in Sec. 3, and theoretical research progress is described in Sec. 4. Supporting material is contained in Appendices A-G.

Bekefi, G.; Chen, C.; Chen, S.; Danly, B.; Temkin, R.J.; Wurtele, J.S.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Theoretical Biophysics: Projects D.W. Heermann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Biophysics: Projects D.W. Heermann Winter term 2010-2011 D.W. Heermann () Theoretical exam (30 min) Songling Li will assist you D.W. Heermann () Theoretical Biophysics: Projects Winter term references to the sources you used. Use Latex. NO LATE REPORT ACCEPTED. D.W. Heermann () Theoretical

Heermann, Dieter W.

322

NIST: Theoretical Dosimetry and Radiation-Transport ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical Dosimetry and Radiation-Transport Calculations. Summary: The fundamental photon and charged particle interaction ...

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport (FIRST) EFRC (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'The Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport (FIRST) EFRC' was submitted by FIRST to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. FIRST, an EFRC directed by David J. Wesolowski at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from nine institutions: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead), Argonne National Laboratory, Drexel University, Georgia State University, Northwestern University, Pennsylvania State University, Suffolk University, Vanderbilt University, and University of Virginia. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center is 'to develop quantitative and predictive models of the unique nanoscale environment at fluid-solid interfaces that will enable transformational advances in electrical energy storage and heterogeneous catalysis for solar fuels.' Research topics are: catalysis (biomass, CO{sub 2}, water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar fuels, solar electrodes, electrical energy storage, batteries, capacitors, battery electrodes, electrolytes, extreme environment, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and charge transport.

Wesolowski, David J. (Director, FIRST - Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures, and Transport Center); FIRST Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

B physics  

SciTech Connect

We review B physics and the motivation for studying B decays, including CP-violating effects in the B meson system. 33 refs., 20 figs.

Gilman, F.J.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Physics Demonstrations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to help students develop a deeper understanding of the concepts of force and motion. Physics of Sports Grades 4-12 Additional Information Fermilab scientists guide a discussion...

326

Atomic and Molecular Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... DG, * SRD 105 Physic Laboratory's Elemental ... Nuclear Physics SRD 144 Atomic Weights & ... Physical Constants SRD 121 Fundamental Physical ...

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

327

Radiation Physics Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Radiation Physics Portal. Radiation Physics Portal. ... more. >> see all Radiation Physics programs and projects ... ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges - Electron Accelerator...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Aspects and Scientific Challenges Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

329

LANL Institutes - Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expanding the Frontiers of Astrophysical, Space, Earth, & Climate Sciences & Their Signatures The Institute of Geophysics, Planetary Physics, and Signatures at Los Alamos National Laboratory is committed to promoting and supporting high quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science. These subject areas are selected based on their breadth of scientific challenges facing the international scientific community, as well as relevance to the strategic objective to extend Laboratory scientific excellence. IGPPS/LANL makes a special effort to promote and support new research ideas, which can be further developed through seed funding into major programs supported by federal or other funding sources. IGPPS also supports

330

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TFN TFN For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Core Compentencies Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Thin Films and Nanostructures Group Complex oxide thin films and heterostructures are important for not only fundamental physics, but also a wide range of exciting opportunities in

331

Frontiers in Microbiology: Envisioning a Curriculum Unit for High School Biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microbiology is undergoing a quiet revolution. Techniques such as polymerase chain reaction, high throughput DNA sequencing, whole genome shotgun sequencing, DNA microarrays, and bioinformatics analyses are greatly aiding our understanding of the estimated one billion species of microbes that inhabit the Earth. Unfortunately, the rapid pace of research in microbiology stands in contrast to the much slower pace of change in educational reform. Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) hosted a two-day planning meeting to discuss whether or not a new curriculum unit on microbiology is desirable for the high school audience. Attending the meeting were microbiologists, high school biology teachers, and science educators. The consensus of the participants was that an inquiry-based unit dealing with advances in microbiology should be developed for a high school biology audience. Participants established content priorities for the unit, discussed the unit's conceptual flow, brainstormed potential student activities, and discussed the role of educational technology for the unit. As a result of the planning meeting discussions, BSCS staff sought additional funding to develop, disseminate, and evaluate the Frontiers in Microbiology curriculum unit. This unit was intended to be developed as a replacement unit suitable for an introductory biology course. The unit would feature inquiry-based student activities and provide approximately four weeks of instruction. As appropriate, activities would make use of multimedia. The development and production processes would require about two years for completion. Unfortunately, BSCS staff was not able to attract sufficient funding to develop the proposed curriculum unit. Since there were some unexpended funds left over from the planning meeting, BSCS requested and received permission from DOE to use the balance of the funds to prepare background materials about advances in microbiology that would be useful to teachers. These materials were developed and placed on the BSCS Web site (http://www.bscs.org).

Mark Bloom

2004-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

332

Energy Frontier Research Centers: A View from Senior EFRC Representatives (2011 EFRC Summit, panel session)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A distinguished panel of scientists from the EFRC community provide their perspective on the importance of EFRCs for addressing critical energy needs at the 2011 EFRC Summit. Persis Drell, Director at SLAC, served as moderator. Panel members are Neal Armstrong (Director of the Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials, led by the University of Arizona), Emily Carter (Co-Director of the Combustion EFRC, led by Princeton University. She is also Team Leader of the Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center, led by the University of South Caroline), Don DePaolo (Director of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2, led by LBNL), and Brent Gunnoe (Director of the Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization, led by the University of Virginia). The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several grand challenges and use-inspired basic research needs recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Drell, Persis (SLAC); Armstrong, Neal (University of Arizona); Carter, Emily (Princeton University); DePaolo, Don (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); Gunnoe, Brent (University of Virginia)

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas: MaRIE (draft)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To achieve breakthrough scientific discoveries in the 21st century, a convergence and integration of world-leading experimental facilities and capabilities with theory, modeling, and simulation is necessary. In this issue of Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas, I am excited to present our plans for Los Alamos National Laboratory's future flagship experimental facility, MaRIE (Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes). MaRIE is a facility that will provide transformational understanding of matter in extreme conditions required to reduce or resolve key weapons performance uncertainties, develop the materials needed for advanced energy systems, and transform our ability to create materials by design. Our unique role in materials science starting with the Manhattan Project has positioned us well to develop a contemporary materials strategy pushing the frontiers of controlled functionality - the design and tailoring of a material for the unique demands of a specific application. Controlled functionality requires improvement in understanding of the structure and properties of materials in order to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. In the nuclear weapons program today, improving data and models to increase confidence in the stockpile can take years from concept to new knowledge. Our goal with MaRIE is to accelerate this process by enhancing predictive capability - the ability to compute a priori the observables of an experiment or test and pertinent confidence intervals using verified and validated simulation tools. It is a science-based approach that includes the use of advanced experimental tools, theoretical models, and multi-physics codes, simultaneously dealing with multiple aspects of physical operation of a system that are needed to develop an increasingly mature predictive capability. This same approach is needed to accelerate improvements to other systems such as nuclear reactors. MaRIE will be valuable to many national security science challenges. Our first issue of Vistas focused on our current national user facilities (the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center [LANSCE], the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory-Pulsed Field Facility, and the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies) and the vitality they bring to our Laboratory. These facilities are a magnet for students, postdoctoral researchers, and staff members from all over the world. This, in turn, allows us to continue to develop and maintain our strong staff across the relevant disciplines and conduct world-class discovery science. The second issue of Vistas was devoted entirely to the Laboratory's materials strategy - one of the three strategic science thrusts for the Laboratory. This strategy has helped focus our thinking for MaRIE. We believe there is a bright future in cutting-edge experimental materials research, and that a 21st-century facility with unique capability is necessary to fulfill this goal. The Laboratory has spent the last several years defining MaRIE, and this issue of Vistas presents our current vision of that facility. MaRIE will leverage LANSCE and our other user facilities, as well as our internal and external materials community for decades to come, giving Los Alamos a unique competitive advantage, advancing materials science for the Laboratory's missions and attracting and recruiting scientists of international stature. MaRIE will give the international materials research community a suite of tools capable of meeting a broad range of outstanding grand challenges.

Shlachter, Jack [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

334

NEWTON's Physics Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Videos Do you have a great physics video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: How Stuff Works Videos - Physics How Stuff Works Videos - Physics The Physics...

335

Physics Division annual report, April 1, 1993--March 31, 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the Argonne National Laboratory Physics Division Annual Report for the period April 1, 1993 to March 31, 1994. It summarizes work done in a number of different fields, both on site, and at other facilities. Chapters describe heavy ion nuclear physics research, operation and development of the ATLAS accelerator, medium-energy nuclear physics research, theoretical physics, and atomic and molecular physics research.

Thayer, K.J. [ed.; Henning, W.F.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Physics Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2nd Workshop on Physics with a high intensity proton source, January 25-26 (Friday-Saturday), 2008 organized by Fermilab UEC and Fermilab Fermilab Home | Fermilab at Work |...

337

Physics Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3rd Workshop on Physics with a high intensity proton source, June 5-6 (Thursday-Friday), 2008 organized by Fermilab UEC and Fermilab Fermilab Home | Fermilab at Work | Fermilab...

338

Physics Demonstrations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to help students develop a deeper understanding of the concepts of force and motion. Physics of Sports Grades 4-12 Fermilab scientists guide a discussion and exploration of the...

339

Physics Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1st Workshop on Physics with a high intensity proton source, November 16-17 (Friday-Saturday), 2007 organized by Fermilab UEC and Fermilab Fermilab Home | Fermilab at Work |...

340

Research in particle physics. [Dept. of Physics, Boston Univ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research accomplishments and current activities of Boston University researchers in high energy physics are presented. Principal areas of activity include the following: detectors for studies of electron[endash]positron annihilation in colliding beams; advanced accelerator component design, including the superconducting beam inflector, electrostatic quadrupoles, and the electrostatic muon kicker''; the detector for the MACRO (Monopole, Astrophysics, and Cosmic Ray Observatory) experiment; neutrino astrophysics and the search for proton decay; theoretical particle physics (electroweak and flavor symmetry breaking, hadron collider phenomenology, cosmology and astrophysics, new field-theoretic models, nonperturbative investigations of quantum field theories, electroweak interactions); measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon; calorimetry for the GEM experiment; and muon detectors for the GEM experiment at the Superconducting Super Collider.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to main content Science at Fermilab Frontiers of Particle Physics Experiments & Projects Energy Frontier Tevatron at Fermilab Fermilab and the LHC Intensity Frontier Cosmic...

342

Fermilab | Science at Fermilab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to main content Science at Fermilab Frontiers of Particle Physics Experiments & Projects Energy Frontier Tevatron at Fermilab Fermilab and the LHC Intensity Frontier Cosmic...

343

Connecting Accelerator RD to User Needs | U.S. DOE Office of...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass P5 Planning Process Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier...

344

PNNL: Chemical & Materials Sciences - Fundamental & Computational...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Journal Cover Gallery CMSD Job Openings Links Seminar Series Frontiers in Geochemistry Frontiers in Catalysis Science and Engineering Frontiers in Chemical Physics &...

345

Physics Based on Physical Monism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

Seong-Dong Kim

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

346

Physics Division annual review, 1 April 1972--31 March 1973  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive picture of the work of the Physics Division in the year endlng in the spring of 1973 is presented. Research in the following areas is included: experimental low-energy nuclear physics, medium-energy physics, theoretical physics, and experimental atomic physics. Lists of publications (25 pages) and staff members are also given. (RWR)

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Nobel Prize in Physics 1921  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 The prize was reserved and awarded in 1922 "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect" Albert Einstein Button Germany, Switzerland & USA* Button born 1879 (Ulm, Germany), died 1955 Button CA - Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, USA Button AA - Swiss Patent Office, Bern, Switzerland Button WA - Swiss Patent Office Button Additional Information *Explanation of CA, AA & WA* Additional Information: Nobel e-Museum Prize in Physics 1921 Albert Einstein Image and Impact Albert Einstein Archives Einstein Archives Online NOVA Online/Einstein Revealed Time 100: Scientists & Thinkers - Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Freedom of Information Act Albert Einstein web site

348

PARTICIPATION IN HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS  

SciTech Connect

This grant funded experimental and theoretical activities in elementary particles physics at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). The experiments in which IIT faculty collaborated included the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment, the MINOS experiment, the Double Chooz experiment, and FNAL E871 - HyperCP experiment. Funds were used to support summer salary for faculty, salary for postdocs, and general support for graduate and undergraduate students. Funds were also used for travel expenses related to these projects and general supplies.

White, Christopher

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

349

Review of Particle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . .ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . . . 12.

Nakamura, Kenzo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

NEWTON's Physics References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics References Do you have a great physics reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Physics Links Physics Links from AAPT See the American...

351

Review on new physics in heavy flavors: B-meson sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A brief review of theoretical aspects of new-physics searches in flavor physics is given. Special attention is thereby devoted to B_s mixing and the interplay of high- and low-p_T observations.

Ulrich Haisch

2013-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

352

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPNM SPNM For the Public Awards Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Capabilities Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive | Honors and Awards Archive Lynn Boatner, Joanne Ramey, Hu Longmire, research featured in the 2013 Allied High Tech Products, Inc. Calendar in the form of a color micrograph for the month of March, 2013.

353

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ABD ABD For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members Facilities For Industry Research Projects Our People Group Leader, Staff Members, Facilities Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Alloy Behavior and Design Group The principal technical contact for discussing potential projects in the Alloy Behavior and Design Group is Dr. Easo P. George, Group Leader.

354

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CST CST For the Public Publications Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members Facilities For Industry Capabilities Current Research Materials Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Fact Sheet Group Poster Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Corrosion Science and Technology Group Corrosion Kinetics in simulated high-temperature/high-pressure environments

355

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities Facilities Selected Publications Our People Contacts by Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment ShaRE User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Correlated Electron Materials Group In The News PSD Directorate › MST Division › Correlated Electron Materials Group CdSiP2Tin Flux The ultimate aim of our research is to attain a better understanding of complex materials, particularly those that are important to clean energy technologies. For example, we are currently investigating the relationship between magnetism and superconductivity, new mechanisms for enhancing

356

Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI): YouTube Channel for this Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

CCEI is among the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) funded by DOE and was established in the spring of 2009. CCEI is one of the very few externally funded centers on heterogeneous catalysis. CCEI leverages federal funding to enable technology transfer and commercialization through an industrial consortium. The center builds upon the long tradition of the Center for Catalytic Science and Technology (CCST) at the University of Delaware and extends its expertise within a virtual center among multiple partner institutions and national labs (University of Pennsylvania, Caltech, University of Minnesota, University of Massachusetts, Lehigh University, Brookhaven National Labs, University of North Carolina, and University of Southern California). CCEI provides an integrated approach to solving scientific and engineering problems that span across scales and disciplines, ranging from synthesis and characterization of novel catalysts to development and application of a multiscale modeling toolbox to reaction and reactor evaluation to technology transfer.[Copied with editing from http://www.youtube.com/catalysiscenter#p/u

357

Probing TeV Left-Right Seesaw at Energy and Intensity Frontiers: a Snowmass White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss ways to probe the origin of neutrino masses at the Energy and Intensity frontiers, in TeV-scale left-right seesaw models where small neutrino masses arise via type-I seesaw mechanism. We consider generic ('vanilla') version of such models as well as a version which leads to 'large' light-heavy neutrino mixing while keeping the neutrino masses small in a natural manner. We point out specific observable implications of these classes of models at the LHC as well as in searches for lepton flavor violating processes such as $\\mu\\to e\\gamma$ and $\\mu\\to 3e$, and also in searches for lepton number violating neutrinoless double beta decay.

P. S. Bhupal Dev; R. N. Mohapatra

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

358

NIST: Theory and theoretical input data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... electrodynamic (QED) effects such as self energy and vacuum polarization, and nuclear size and motion effects. The theory and theoretical data ...

359

2005 American Conference on Theoretical Chemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The materials uploaded are meant to serve as final report on the funds provided by DOE-BES to help sponsor the 2005 American Conference on Theoretical Chemistry.

Carter, Emily A

2006-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

360

NIST Physical Constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental Physical Constants. ... Values of Fundamental Physical Constants. ... Searchable Bibliography of Fundamental Constants. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Physics Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications Applications Technetium-99m radioisotope generator developed at Brookhaven. Numerous physics-related programs at Brookhaven have yielded major advances in medicine and various technologies. Brookhaven's nuclear medicine program, which began in the 1950s, uses the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer to make radioisotopes for nuclear medicine diagnostics and treatment throughout the world. Today, more than 85 percent of all imaging examinations worldwide use one of the radioisotopes developed at Brookhaven. At Brookhaven's Center for Translational Neuroimaging, researchers can peer into a living brain through the use of various imaging modalities, including positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and optical imaging. Such research has led to a new understanding of

362

Searches for new physics at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The Tevatron collider has provided the CDF and D0 experiences with large datasets as input to a rich program of searches for physics beyond the standard model. The results presented here are a partial survey of recent searches conducted by the two collaborations using up to 6 fb{sup -1} of data. The standard model (SM) of particles, despite its remarkable description of experimental data at the elementary particle level, has some deficiencies to explain what is observed in the universe: lack of anti-matter, existence of dark matter, etc. Working at the energy frontier, as was the case at the Tevatron for so many years, gives experimentalists the hope to discover new non-SM particles which would indicate some direction to follow at explaining these SM deficiencies. Over the years, the CDF and D0 experiments have gained experience in the detector responses to all particle types. It allows to look at a large number of different final states searching for deviations from the SM expectations. As the knowledge of detector particle responses becomes more accurate, the complexity of final states can increase. For a given final state signature, the non-observation of deviations from the SM prediction allows to constrain several models at once.

Jaffre, Michel

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Light Hadron Physics at the B Factories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report measurements of hadronic final states produced in $e^+e^-$ annihilations from the BaBar and Belle experiments. In particular, we present cross sections measured in several different processes, including two-photon physics, Initial-State Radiation, and exclusive hadron productions at center-of-mass energies near 10.58 GeV. Results are compared with theoretical predictions.

Selina Z. Li

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

364

Brookhaven Condensed Matter Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics Condensed matter physicists study the properties of bulk matter-solids and liquids-as well as the properties exhibited at surfaces and interfaces, with a view to obtaining a fundamental understanding of the unusual properties that materials can exhibit. These problems are some of the most challenging in physics today, but have the huge pay-off in that such an understanding may ultimately lead to improved materials for use in applications as diverse as computing, memory storage, electric motors, and energy storage and transport. At Brookhaven Lab, this work includes both experimental and theoretical studies. Much of the experimental work carried out today uses the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS, shown at right)-one of the premiere synchrotron light sources of the last two decades. Commissioned in the 1980s, the NSLS is host to more than 2,200 users per year and produces copious amounts of light, from the infrared to the ultraviolet to the x-ray. By using this light as a probe, scientists can learn about the arrangement of the atoms and electrons in the materials and how they behave under various conditions. Among other projects, BNL scientists have played leading roles in the development and application of resonant and inelastic x-ray scattering techniques to the study of magnetic and other materials, have pioneered the use of photoemission techniques (based on the photoelectric effect that Einstein first understood 100 years ago) for looking at electronic and magnetic materials, and have carried out some of the seminal experiments to understand the atomic and magnetic structure at surfaces.

365

New Physics at the LHC: A Les Houches Report. Physics at Tev Colliders 2007 - New Physics Working Group  

SciTech Connect

We present a collection of signatures for physics beyond the standard model that need to be explored at the LHC. The signatures are organized according to the experimental objects that appear in the final state, and in particular the number of high p{sub T} leptons. Our report, which includes brief experimental and theoretical reviews as well as original results, summarizes the activities of the 'New Physics' working group for the 'Physics at TeV Colliders' workshop (Les Houches, France, 11-29 June, 2007).

Brooijmans, Gustaaf H.; /Columbia U.; Delgado, A.; /Notre Dame U.; Dobrescu, Bogdan A.; /Fermilab; Grojean, C.; /CERN /Saclay, SPhT; Narain, Meenakshi; /Brown U.; Alwall, Johan; /SLAC; Azuelos, Georges; /Montreal U. /TRIUMF; Black, K.; /Harvard U.; Boos, E.; /SINP, Moscow; Bose, Tulika; /Brown U.; Bunichev, V.; /SINP, Moscow; Chivukula, R.S.; /Michigan State U.; Contino, R.; /CERN; Djouadi, A.; /Louis Pasteur U., Strasbourg I /Orsay, LAL; Dudko, Lev V.; /Durham U.; Ferland, J.; /Montreal U.; Gershtein, Yuri S.; /Florida State U.; Gigg, M.; /Durham U.; Gonzalez de la Hoz, S.; /Valencia U., IFIC; Herquet, M.; /Louvain U.; Hirn, J.; /Yale U. /Brown U. /Boston U. /Annecy, LAPTH /INFN, Turin /Valencia U., IFIC /Yale U. /Arizona U. /Louis Pasteur U., Strasbourg I /Orsay, LAL /KEK, Tsukuba /Moscow State U. /Lisbon, LIFEP /CERN /Durham U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Sao Paulo, IFT /Fermilab /Zurich, ETH /Boston U. /DESY /CERN /Saclay, SPhT /Durham U. /Cambridge U. /Michigan State U. /Louis Pasteur U., Strasbourg I /Orsay, LAL /Annecy, LAPTH /Fermilab /CERN /Arizona U. /Northwestern U. /Argonne /Kyoto U. /Valencia U., IFIC /UC, Berkeley /LBL, Berkeley

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

366

Physics Division annual progress report for period ending December 31, 1978. [ORNL  

SciTech Connect

This report contains information on the Holifield Heavy-Ion Research Facility, nuclear physics, nuclear physics with neutrons, theoretical physics, the Nuclear Data Project, accelerator-based atomic physics, magnetic fusion energy-applied physics research, electron spectroscopy, and high-energy physics, as well as lists of publications, papers presented at meetings, and other general information. Sixty-two items containing significant information were abstracted and indexed individually. (RWR)

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Surety theoretics: The forest or the trees?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Periodically one needs to re-examine the objectives and the efforts associated with a field of study. In the case of surety which comprises, safety, security and reliability one needs to be sure that theoretical efforts support the needs of systems and design engineers in satisfying stakeholder requirements. The current focus in the surety areas does not appear to address the theoretical foundations needed by the systems engineer. Examination of papers and abstracts demonstrate significant effort along the lines of thermal hydraulics, chemistry, structural response, control theory, etc. which are analytical disciplines which provide support for a surety theoretic but do not constitute a theoretic. The representations currently employed, fault trees etc., define static representations of a system, not the dynamic representation characteristic of response in abnormal, hostile or under degrading conditions. Current methodologies would require a semi-infinite set of scenarios to be examined before a system could be certified as satisfying a surety requirement. The elements that are required of a surety theoretic must include: (1) a dynamic representation of the system; (2) the ability to automatically identify terminal states of the system; and (3) determine the probabilities of specified terminal states under dynamic conditions. This paper examines the requirements of a surety theoretic that will support the efforts of the design and development engineer. Speculations then follow on technologies that might provide the theoretical and support foundations needed by the systems engineering community to form a robust surety analysis and design environment.

Senglaub, M.

1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

368

The response of Physical Science post-graduates to training courses and the connection to their PhD studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the PhD process at the University and outlines the facultys expectations of them. First Aid Faculty-wide Basic first aid training is provided to all students Radiation Safety Course Faculty-wide Basic training in the handling of radioactive materials... , technology, engineering and maths areas. Frontiers of Physical Science Residential Course This course was piloted in 2003/04 with only the P+A. Since 2004 it has been a compulsory element of training across the faculty. Residential course for all new PGRs...

Pritchard, Jane; MacKenzie, Jane; Cusack, Maggie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Enhanced oil recovery utilizing high-angle wells in the Frontier Formation, Badger Basin Field, Park County, Wyoming. Final report for the period October 1992--October 1993  

SciTech Connect

Badger Basin Field, discovered in 1931, produces at stripper rates from low-permeability fractured sandstones of the Upper Cretaceous Frontier Formation. Only 15% of the estimated 25 million barrels of oil originally in-place will be produced from the twenty-two attempted vertical completions. This project will increase recoverable reserves through a better understanding of the reservoir and factors which control production. Characterization of the reservoir has been accomplished through an integrated engineering, geological and geophysical approach. Production data, drilling and completion techniques, and relative location of wells on the anticline were reviewed and related to productivity. Literature was reviewed for interpretations on preferred flow directions on anticlinal structures. A structure map of the producing Frontier reservoir was constructed. Porosity development and its relationship to fracture networks was examined petrographically. Fractures in core were described and oriented using paleomagnetic techniques. Azimuths of fractures in outcrop were compared to fracture azimuths measured in the core. A 17 square-mile 3D seismic survey was designed, acquired and processed. Interpretation is being performed on a Sun workstation using Landmark Graphics software. Time-structure and amplitude-distribution maps will be constructed on three Frontier horizons. A location for a high-angle well will be chosen. The slant/horizontal test will be drilled and completed to increase recovery of reserves. Transfer of successful technologies will be accomplished by technical publications and presentations, and access to project materials, data, and field facilities.

Walker, J.P.; Fortmann, R.G.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Center for Beam Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Heavy Ion Fusion," Research Trends in Physics, La JollaInternational School of Physics, New York, New York (1992),Professor and Chairman Physics Department University of

Chattopadhyay, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Forward physics with CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics potential of the forward physics project at CMS is very rich. Some of the diffraction and low-x physics channels are briefly discussed.

Marek Tasevsky

2004-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

372

Particle Physics Booklet 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

212 25. Accelerator physics of colliders ? 26. High-energythe full Review. PARTICLE PHYSICS BOOKLET TABLE OF CONTENTSrev. ) Summary Tables of Particle Physics Gauge and Higgs

et al., C. Amsler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Particle Physics Education Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle Physics Education Sites quick reference Education and Information - National Laboratory Education Programs - Women and Minorities in Physics - Other Physics Sites -...

374

Theoretical foundations for the study of sociomateriality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares two alternative theoretical foundations upon which the study of sociomateriality can be built: agential realism and critical realism. It begins by providing a brief overview of the sociomaterial perspective on organizational practices ...

Paul M. Leonardi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Theoretical efficiency of solar thermoelectric energy generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the theoretical efficiency of solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs). A model is established including thermal concentration in addition to optical concentration. Based on the model, the maximum ...

Chen, Gang

376

Educational Physics Games  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Games Do you have a great physics game? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Games: Nobel Prize - Physics Games Section Nobel Prize - Physics Games Section Nobelprize.org,...

377

Physics 5794 Computational Physics Syllabus Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics 5794 ­ Computational Physics Syllabus ­ Spring 2003 Instructor: Massimiliano Di Ventra, by H. Gould and J. Tobochnik (Addison Wesley). Computational Physics, by S.E. Koonin, D.C. Meredith 3:30 ­ 4:45 p.m., Torgensen 2050. Course Content: The majority of problems encountered in Physics

Di Ventra, Massimiliano

378

NIST Nuclear Physics Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear Physics Data. Radionuclide Half-Life Measurements Made at NIST; Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions. ... Physical Reference Data. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

Quantum Physics Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for Science and Technology (CODATA) issues recommended values of the fundamental physical constants ... see all Quantum Physics programs and ...

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

380

Radiation Physics Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Radiation Physics Division, part of the Physical Measurement Laboratory ... the measurement standards for ionizing radiations and radioactivity ...

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Quantum Physics Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Contact. Physical Measurement Laboratory Quantum Physics Division General Information: 303-735-1985 Telephone 303-492-5235 Facsimile. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

382

Statistical Physics Approaches to Seismicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This entry in the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, Springer present a summary of some of the concepts and calculational tools that have been developed in attempts to apply statistical physics approaches to seismology. We summarize the leading theoretical physical models of the space-time organization of earthquakes. We present a general discussion and several examples of the new metrics proposed by statistical physicists, underlining their strengths and weaknesses. The entry concludes by briefly outlining future directions. The presentation is organized as follows. I Glossary II Definition and Importance of the Subject III Introduction IV Concepts and Calculational Tools IV.1 Renormalization, Scaling and the Role of Small Earthquakes in Models of Triggered Seismicity IV.2 Universality IV.3 Intermittent Periodicity and Chaos IV.4 Turbulence IV.5 Self-Organized Criticality V Competing mechanisms and models V.1 Roots of complexity in seismicity: dynamics or heterogeneity? V.2 Critical earthquakes ...

Sornette, D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Physics for Everyone Lecture Series from Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Videos)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Physics for Everyone is a lecture series organized by Fermilab's Diversity Council. Lectures have been held at various times since 2000 with the goal of sharing Fermilab's science in layman's language with non-technical staff at the laboratory. This goal makes these lectures very accessible and valuable to the public and to students. The videoed presentations are available on the Fermilab website and from the Visual Media Services of the Office of Communications. For titles that are not posted on the Physics for Everyone web page, go to the streaming video archive at http://vms-db-srv.fnal.gov/fmi/xsl/VMS_Site_2/000Search/video/f_streaming.xsl and select the Physics for Everyone series from the search interface. Video titles include: 1) Particle Physics: The World of Matter, Space, and Time, Chris Quigg; 2) Accelerators: Pushing the Limits of Speed, Linda Spentzouris; 3) Introduction to Particle Physics Detectors, Erik Ramberg; 4) The DZero Experiment, Don Lincoln; 5) Relativity, Harrison Prosper ; 6) Pi in the Sky: the SDSS, Chris Stoughton; 7) Discovery at Fermilab, Leon Lederman; 8) Neutrons Against Cancer, Arlene Lennox; 9) The Connections Between Quarks and Cosmos, Michael Turner; 10) The Search for Dark Matter: A Personal Account, Roger Dixon; 11) Magnets for Everyone, Dave Harding; 12) The CDF Experiment, William Wester; 13) Neutrinos and Neutrino Experiments at Fermilab, P. Shanahan; 14) Matter and AntiMatter, Bob Tschirhart; 15) Many Dimensions in Particle Physics, Joe Lykken; 16) Higgs Bosons, Marcela Carena; 17) Future Accelerators, Dave Finley; 18) Physics is FUNdamental, Mary Jo Murphy; 19) Computing at Fermilab from PCS to Petabytes, Dane Skow; 20) What Really Goes on in the Main Control Room, Bob Mau; 21) Exploring the Universe with Neutrinos, John Beacom; 22) E Communication in Physics, Heath O'Connell; 23) A Day in the Life of a Scientist, Bonnie Fleming; 24) Physics without Boundaries, Chris Quigg; 25) The Future of High Energy Physics (as seen from Fermilab), Michael Witherell; 26) Fermilab: How We Got Here and Where We're Going, Herman B. White; 27) What the Cosmos Can Tell Us, Brenna Flaugher; 28) How Particle Physics Can Benefit Society, Elizabeth Clements; 29) The Hunt for the Higgs, Patrick Fox; 30) Fermilab's Future at the Intensity Frontier, Bob Tschirhart; 31) In One Ear and Out the Other: A Neutrino Talk, Dave Schmitz; 32) The Magic of Muons, Chris Polly; 33) At the Energy Frontier: the Tevatron, Rob Roser

384

NIST: Physical Measurement Laboratory - Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Fellowships: SURFing the Physical Measurement Laboratory ... Optical, Radiation, and Chemical Physics. ... involves PML's Quantum Physics Division. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to "unleash America's science and research community" to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several grand challenges and use-inspired basic research needs recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Chu, Steven (DOE Secretary of Energy)

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

386

Argonne National Laboratory, High Energy Physics Division, semiannual report of research activities, July 1, 1989--December 31, 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses research being conducted at the Argonne National Laboratory in the following areas: Experimental High Energy Physics; Theoretical High Energy Physics; Experimental Facilities Research; Accelerator Research and Development; and SSC Detector Research and Development.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Physics Division annual review, April 1, 1992--March 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This document is the annual review of the Argonne National Laboratory Physics Division for the period April 1, 1992--March 31, 1993. Work on the ATLAS device is covered, as well as work on a number of others in lab, as well as collaborative projects. Heavy ion nuclear physics research looked at quasi-elastic, and deep-inelastic reactions, cluster states, superdeformed nuclei, and nuclear shape effects. There were programs on accelerator mass spectroscopy, and accelerator and linac development. There were efforts in medium energy nuclear physics, weak interactions, theoretical nuclear and atomic physics, and experimental atomic and molecular physics based on accelerators and synchrotron radiation.

Thayer, K.J. [ed.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Physics Dept. Seminars and Colloquia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Categories Nuclear Physics Seminars HETBNL Lunch Time Talks Nuclear Physics & RIKEN Theory Seminars High-Energy Physics & RIKEN Theory Seminars Particle Physics Seminars Physics...

389

A field theoretical prediction of the tropical cyclone properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large scale atmospheric vortices (tropical cyclones, tornadoes) are complex physical systems combining thermodynamics and fluid-mechanical processes. The late phase of the evolution towards stationarity consists of the vorticity concentration, a well known tendency to self-organization, an universal property of the two-dimensional fluids. It may then be expected that the stationary state of the tropical cyclone has the same nature as the vortices of many other systems in nature: ideal (Euler) fluids, superconductors, Bose - Einsetin condensate, cosmic strings, etc. Indeed it was found that there is a description of the atmospheric vortex in terms of a field theory. It is compatible with the more conventional treatment based on conservation laws, but the field theoretical model reveals properties that are almost inaccessible to the conventional formulation: it identifies the stationary states as being close to self-duality. This is of highest importance: the self-duality is known to be the origin of all co...

Spineanu, Florin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Pushing the Frontier of High-Definition Ion Mobility Spectrometry Using FAIMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS) separates ions in gases based on the difference between their mobilities in strong and weak electric fields, captured directly employing a periodic waveform with dissimilar profiles in opposite polarities. As that difference is not tightly correlated with the ion size or mass, FAIMS separations are generally quite orthogonal to both conventional IMS (based on the absolute ion mobility that reflects the physical ion size) and mass spectrometry (based on mass). Until a few years ago, that advantage was largely offset by poor FAIMS resolving power (?1020), an order of magnitude below that achieved with conventional (drift-tube) IMS. This article summarizes the major recent technical developments that have raised FAIMS resolving power up to ?500. These include use of higher and more stable voltages provided by new waveform generators, novel buffer gas compositions comprising high helium or hydrogen fractions, and extended filtering times up to ?1 s. These advances have enabled previously unthinkable analyses such as broad baseline separations of peptide sequence inversions, localization variants (post-translationally modified peptides with differing PTM attachment sites) even for the larger middle-down peptides and smallest PTMs, and lipid regioisomers.

Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.; Anderson, Gordon A.; Smith, Richard D.

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

391

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC): Advancing the frontiers of computational science and technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) provides researchers with high-performance computing tools to tackle science`s biggest and most challenging problems. Founded in 1974 by DOE/ER, the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center was the first unclassified supercomputer center and was the model for those that followed. Over the years the center`s name was changed to the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center and then to NERSC; it was relocated to LBNL. NERSC, one of the largest unclassified scientific computing resources in the world, is the principal provider of general-purpose computing services to DOE/ER programs: Magnetic Fusion Energy, High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Basic Energy Sciences, Health and Environmental Research, and the Office of Computational and Technology Research. NERSC users are a diverse community located throughout US and in several foreign countries. This brochure describes: the NERSC advantage, its computational resources and services, future technologies, scientific resources, and computational science of scale (interdisciplinary research over a decade or longer; examples: combustion in engines, waste management chemistry, global climate change modeling).

Hules, J. [ed.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Towards a Number Theoretic Discrete Hilbert Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach for the development of a number theoretic discrete Hilbert transform. The forward transformation has been applied by taking the odd reciprocals that occur in the DHT matrix with respect to a power of 2. Specifically, the expression for a 16-point transform is provided and results of a few representative signals are provided. The inverse transform is the inverse of the forward 16-point matrix. But at this time the inverse transform is not identical to the forward transform and, therefore, our proposed number theoretic transform must be taken as a provisional result.

Kandregula, Renuka

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1985  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the research and development activities of the Physics Division for the 1985 fiscal year. The research activities were centered on experimental nuclear physics, experimental atomic physics, and theoretical nuclear and atomic physics. The experimental nuclear physics program is dominated by heavy ion research. A major part of this effort is the responsibility for operating the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility as a national user facility. A major new activity described is the preparation for participation in an ultrarelativistic heavy ion experiment to be performed at CERN in 1986. The experimental atomic physics program has two components: the accelerator-based studies of basic collisional phenomena and the studies in support of the controlled fusion program. Also associated with the fusion-related studies are a plasma diagnostics program and the operation of an atomic physics data center. Theory efforts associated with the UNISOR program are described, as well as smaller programs in applications and high-energy physics. (LEW)

Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

B Physics (Experiment)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In past few years the flavor physics made important transition from the work on confirmation the standard model of particle physics to the phase of search for effects of a new physics beyond standard model. In this paper we review current state of the physics of b-hadrons with emphasis on results with a sensitivity to new physics.

Michal Kreps

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

395

Roscoe B White | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Roscoe B White Roscoe B White Principal Research Physicist, Plasma Physics Laboratory. Lecture Dr. White is a distinguished research fellow in the theory department and a faculty lecturer with rank of Professor. He graduated in Physics from the University of Minnesota and then obtained his Ph.D. in Physics from Princeton in 1963. After a year at the Lebedev Institute in Moscow as an Academy of Science exchange scientist, and two years at The International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, he taught for six years at UCLA. In 1972, he returned to Princeton, first for two years at the Institute for Advanced Study and then to PPPL. Primary interests include ideal and resistive magnetohydrodynamics, wave-particle interactions, and nonlinear dynamics. Contact Information

396

High energy physics at UC Riverside  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses progress made for the following two tasks: experimental high energy physics, Task A, and theoretical high energy physics, Task B. Task A1 covers hadron collider physics. Information for Task A1 includes: personnel/talks/publications; D0: proton-antiproton interactions at 2 TeV; SDC: proton-proton interactions at 40 TeV; computing facilities; equipment needs; and budget notes. The physics program of Task A2 has been the systematic study of leptons and hadrons. Information covered for Task A2 includes: personnel/talks/publications; OPAL at LEP; OPAL at LEP200; CMS at LHC; the RD5 experiment; LSND at LAMPF; and budget notes. The research activities of the Theory Group are briefly discussed and a list of completed or published papers for this period is given.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Theoretical analysis of inverse weibull distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we present the theoretical analysis of Inverse weibull distribution. This paper presents the flexibility of the Inverse weibull distribution that approaches to different distributions. Here we compare the relevant parameters such as shape, ... Keywords: graphically analysis, inverse weibull distribution, simulation analysis

M. Shuaib Khan; G. R. Pasha; Ahmed Hesham Pasha

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities, July 1, 1992--December 30, 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period of July 1, 1992--December 30, 1992. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of division publications and colloquia are included.

Schoessow, P.; Moonier, P.; Talaga, R.; Wagner, R. [eds.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities, July 1, 1991--December 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period of July 1, 1991--December 31, 1991. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of division publications and colloquia are included.

Schoessow, P.; Moonier, P.; Talaga, R.; Wagner, R. [eds.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities July 1, 1997 - December 31, 1997.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period July 1, 1997--December 31, 1997. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of Division publications and colloquia are included.

Norem, J.; Rezmer, R.; Schuur, C.; Wagner, R. [eds.

1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

High Energy Physics division semiannual report of research activities, January 1, 1998--June 30, 1998.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period of January 1, 1998 through June 30, 1998. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of Division publications and colloquia are included.

Ayres, D. S.; Berger, E. L.; Blair, R.; Bodwin, G. T.; Drake, G.; Goodman, M. C.; Guarino, V.; Klasen, M.; Lagae, J.-F.; Magill, S.; May, E. N.; Nodulman, L.; Norem, J.; Petrelli, A.; Proudfoot, J.; Repond, J.; Schoessow, P. V.; Sinclair, D. K.; Spinka, H. M.; Stanek, R.; Underwood, D.; Wagner, R.; White, A. R.; Yokosawa, A.; Zachos, C.

1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

402

Amusement Park Physics!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Amusement Park Physics If you have an idea for a great field trip, please click our Ideas page Amusement Park Physics, or Physics Day, is a program which seeks to teach students...

403

Current experiments in elementary particle physics. Revised  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains summaries of 584 current and recent experiments in elementary particle physics. Experiments that finished taking data before 1986 are excluded. Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, KEK, LAMPF, Novosibirsk, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Saclay, Serpukhov, SLAC, SSCL, and TRIUMF, and also several underground and underwater experiments. Instructions are given for remote searching of the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries.

Galic, H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Linear Accelerator Center; Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, B. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Dodder, D.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Klyukhin, V.I.; Ryabov, Yu.G. [Inst. for High Energy Physics, Serpukhov (Russian Federation); Illarionova, N.S. [Inst. of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lehar, F. [CEN Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Oyanagi, Y. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Sciences; Olin, A. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Frosch, R. [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Physics Beyond the Standard Model: Supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect

This collection of studies on new physics at the LHC constitutes the report of the supersymmetry working group at the Workshop 'Physics at TeV Colliders', Les Houches, France, 2007. They cover the wide spectrum of phenomenology in the LHC era, from alternative models and signatures to the extraction of relevant observables, the study of the MSSM parameter space and finally to the interplay of LHC observations with additional data expected on a similar time scale. The special feature of this collection is that while not each of the studies is explicitly performed together by theoretical and experimental LHC physicists, all of them were inspired by and discussed in this particular environment.

Nojiri, M.M.; /KEK, Tsukuba /Tsukuba, Graduate U. Adv. Studies /Tokyo U.; Plehn, T.; /Edinburgh U.; Polesello, G.; /INFN, Pavia; Alexander, John M.; /Edinburgh U.; Allanach, B.C.; /Cambridge U.; Barr, Alan J.; /Oxford U.; Benakli, K.; /Paris U., VI-VII; Boudjema, F.; /Annecy, LAPTH; Freitas, A.; /Zurich U.; Gwenlan, C.; /University Coll. London; Jager, S.; /CERN /LPSC, Grenoble

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Current experiments in elementary particle physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains summaries of 736 current and recent experiments in elementary particle physics (experiments that finished taking data before 1982 are excluded). Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna), KEK, LAMPF, Novosibirsk, PSI/SIN, Saclay, Serpukhov, SLAC, and TRIUMF, and also several underground experiments. Also given are instructions for searching online the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries. Properties of the fixed-target beams at most of the laboratories are summarized.

Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, F.E.; Trippe, T.G.; Yost, G.P. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Oyanagi, Y. (Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan)); Dodder, D.C. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Ryabov, Yu.G.; Slabospitsky, S.R. (Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Serpukhov (USSR). Inst. Fiziki Vysokikh Ehnergij); Frosch, R. (Swiss Inst. for Nuclear Research, Villigen (Switzerla

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

Dr Stephan Bremner

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

407

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Nuclear and Particle Physics Program Advisory Committee Meeting 12-14 September 2006 Tuesday, 12 September Room 2-160, Bldg. 510 (Physics) 0900...

408

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate Nuclear and Particle Physics (NPP) at BNL comprises the Collider-Accelerator Department (including the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory,...

409

ORISE: Health physics services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

410

Radiation Physics Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Radiation Physics Events. Radiation Physics Events. (showing 1 - 3 of 3). CIRMS 2012 Start Date: 10/22/2012 ...

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Physics at COSY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The COSY accelerator in J\\'ulich is presented together with its internal and external detectors. The physics programme performed recently is discussed with emphasis on strangeness physics.

H. Machner

2004-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

412

Elasticity in physics - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... Elasticity as a mathematical concept finds its origin in mechanical physics. Mechanical physics describes macroscopic features of the universe,...

413

ORISE: Health physics training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surveys Health physics services Radiochemical analyses Health physics training How ORISE is Making a Difference Overview Environmental characterization at ORNL a...

414

NIST: Physics Lab News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dr. John (Jan) L. Hall shares the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics. "... ... Physics Laboratory articles from NIST News Sources. Technology at a Glance. ...

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

415

Brookhaven Chemical Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Physics While the field of physics generally strives to find compact and universal explanations for how the components of our universe interact, chemistry is traditionally...

416

Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(or 630-252-1911 on cell phones) Safety Aspects of radiation safety at ATLAS: Health Physics Coverage at ATLAS is provided by Argonne National Laboratory. Health Physics...

417

Principles of Reactor Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Reactor Physics M A Smith Argonne National Laboratory Nuclear Engineering Division Phone: 630-252-9747, Email: masmith@anl.gov Abstract: Nuclear reactor physics deals with...

418

Experimental and theoretical investigation of high gradient acceleration. Progress report, June 1, 1991--February 1, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a technical progress summary of the research conducted under the auspices of DOE Grant No. DE-FG0291ER-40648. ``Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of High Gradient Acceleration.`` This grant supports three research tasks: Task A consists of the design and fabrication of a 17GHz of photocathode gun, Task B supports the testing of high gradient acceleration using a 33GHz structure, and Task C comprises theoretical investigations, both in support of the experimental tasks and on critical physics issues for the development of high energy linear colliders. This report is organized as follows. The development of an rf gun design and research progress on the picosecond laser system is summarized in Sec. 2, the status of the studies of the LBL/Haimson high gradient structure, using a 50 MW free-electron laser is summarized in Sec. 3, and theoretical research progress is described in Sec. 4. Supporting material is contained in Appendices A-G.

Bekefi, G.; Chen, C.; Chen, S.; Danly, B.; Temkin, R.J.; Wurtele, J.S.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Theoretical Summary Lecture for Higgs Hunting 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this lecture, I review some of the perspectives on the Higgs boson discussed at the Higgs Hunting 2012 Worshop and discuss the short- and long-term aspects of Higgs physics.

Peskin, Michael E.

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

420

NIST Quantum Physics Division Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum Physics Division. Staff. Name, Position, Phone. ... Physics Laboratory. Quantum Physics Division. Thomas O'Brian, Acting Chief. ...

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Quantum Security for the Physical Layer  

SciTech Connect

The physical layer describes how communication signals are encoded and transmitted across a channel. Physical security often requires either restricting access to the channel or performing periodic manual inspections. In this tutorial, we describe how the field of quantum communication offers new techniques for securing the physical layer. We describe the use of quantum seals as a unique way to test the integrity and authenticity of a communication channel and to provide security for the physical layer. We present the theoretical and physical underpinnings of quantum seals including the quantum optical encoding used at the transmitter and the test for non-locality used at the receiver. We describe how the envisioned quantum physical sublayer senses tampering and how coordination with higher protocol layers allow quantum seals to influence secure routing or tailor data management methods. We conclude by discussing challenges in the development of quantum seals, the overlap with existing quantum key distribution cryptographic services, and the relevance of a quantum physical sublayer to the future of communication security.

Humble, Travis S [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Argonne TDC: Physical Sciences  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

423

Physics Department Safety & Training Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

number (631) 344-3456 and follow the automated instructions. High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Condensed Matter Physics The Physics Safety and Training office hosts Group...

424

High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) HEPAP Home Meetings Previous Meetings Members .pdf file (20KB) Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (44KB) HEP Committees of Visitors HEP Home Meetings High Energy Physics Advisory Panel August 2012 Meeting Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Agenda High Energy Physics Advisory Panel Hilton Hotel 1750 Rockville Pike Rockville, Maryland August 27-28, 2012 Monday, August 27, 2012 NEWS FROM THE AGENCIES 9:00 a.m. DOE News .pdf file (2.7MB) J. Siegrist 9:30 a.m. Discussion 9:45 a.m. NSF News .pdf file (1.3MB) J. Dehmer 10:05 a.m. Discussion 10:20 a.m. BREAK ENERGY FRONTIER - LHC 10:50 a.m. Higgs Discovery - ATLAS .pdf file (10.1MB) F. Gianotti 11:30 a.m. Higgs Discovery - CMS .pdf file (7.6MB) D. Marlow

425

Resource Letter: Bio-molecular Nano-machines: where Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Technology meet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cell is the structural and functional unit of life. This Resource Letter serves as a guide to the literature on nano-machines which drive not only intracellular movements, but also motility of the cell. These machines are usually proteins or macromolecular assemblies which require appropriate fuel for their operations. Although, traditionally, these machines were subjects of investigation in biology and biochemistry, increasing use of the concepts and techniques of physics in recent years have contributed to the quantitative understanding of the fundamental principles underlying their operational mechanisms. The possibility of exploiting these principles for the design and control of artificial nano-machines has opened up a new frontier in the bottom-up approach to nano-technology.

Debashish Chowdhury

2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Snowmass / P5 Planning Process Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Cosmic Frontier: More Information Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the Universe Accomplishments Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Cosmic Frontier Unique Aspects and Scientific Challenges

427

Does only the amplitude of the state vector carry the physical information?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present theoretical and experimental evidences, which show that the material phase of the state vector is causally related with the dynamic of the quantum system and becomes carrier of physical information.

I. G. Koprinkov

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

428

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann Book "Give me matter and motion, and I will construct the universe." ­ Rene Descartes (1640) "One ought) Dedication of the book is to two physicists who gave us particular inspiration. Their contributions

California at Santa Cruz, University of

429

A game theoretic approach to controller design for cyber-physical systems: collision avoidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A collision avoidance problem for the vehicle equipped with adaptive cruise control is considered in the context of hybrid systems with emphasis on safety verification. Keywords: adaptive cruise control, collision avoidance, game theory, hybrid systems, reachability analysis

Jaeyong Park, Arda Kurt, mit zgner

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Theoretical nuclear physics. Progress report, October 1, 1991--August 1, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics: Exact 1-loop vacuum polarization effects in 1 + 1 dimensional QHD; exact 1-fermion loop contributions in 1 + 1 dimensional solitons; exact scalar 1-loop contributions in 1 + 3 dimensions; exact vacuum calculations in a hyper-spherical basis; relativistic nuclear matter with self- consistent correlation energy; consistent RHA-RPA for finite nuclei; transverse response functions in the {triangle}-resonance region; hadronic matter in a nontopological soliton model; scalar and vector contributions to {bar p}p {yields} {bar {Lambda} {Lambda}} reaction; 0+ and 2+ strengths in pion double-charge exchange to double giant-dipole resonances; and nucleons in a hybrid sigma model including a quantized pion field.

Rost, E.; Shephard, J.R.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Flavor Physics in the Randall-Sundrum Model: I. Theoretical Setup and Electroweak Precision Tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A complete discussion of tree-level flavor-changing effects in the Randall-Sundrum (RS) model with brane-localized Higgs sector and bulk gauge and matter fields is presented. The bulk equations of motion for the gauge and fermion fields, supplemented by boundary conditions taking into account the couplings to the Higgs sector, are solved exactly. For gauge fields the Kaluza-Klein (KK) decomposition is performed in a covariant R_xi gauge. For fermions the mixing between different generations is included in a completely general way. The hierarchies observed in the fermion spectrum and the quark mixing matrix are explained naturally in terms of anarchic five-dimensional Yukawa matrices and wave-function overlap integrals. Detailed studies of the flavor-changing couplings of the Higgs boson and of gauge bosons and their KK excitations are performed, including in particular the couplings of the standard W and Z bosons. A careful analysis of electroweak precision observables including the S and T parameters and the Zbb couplings shows that the simplest RS model containing only Standard Model particles and their KK excitations is consistent with all experimental bounds for a KK scale as low as a few TeV, if one allows for a heavy Higgs boson and/or for an ultra-violet cutoff below the Planck scale. The study of flavor-changing effects includes analyses of the non-unitarity of the quark mixing matrix, anomalous right-handed couplings of the W bosons, tree-level flavor-changing neutral current couplings of the Z and Higgs bosons, the rare decays t-->c(u)+Z and t-->c(u)+h, and the flavor mixing among KK fermions. The results obtained in this work form the basis for general calculations of flavor-changing processes in the RS model and its extensions.

S. Casagrande; F. Goertz; U. Haisch; M. Neubert; T. Pfoh

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

432

Experimental and theoretical activities in plasma physics. Annual status report, 31 December 1976  

SciTech Connect

Some aspects of toroidal magnetic confinement systems for fusion plasmas are dealt with. They include screw-pinch devices, turbulent heating experiment, gas blanket studies, and work on magnetohydrodynamics and transport theory.

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Theoretical Physics continued | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

analyzing data from the LHC to identify which of these many ideas are true. Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is one very successful theory. It describes strong interactions...

434

Dark Matter Studies Entrain Nuclear Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review theoretically well-motivated dark-matter candidates, and pathways to their discovery, in the light of recent results from collider physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. Taken in aggregate, these encourage broader thinking in regards to possible dark-matter candidates --- dark-matter need not be made of "WIMPs," i.e., elementary particles with weak-scale masses and interactions. Facilities dedicated to nuclear physics are well-poised to investigate certain non-WIMP models. In parallel to this, developments in observational cosmology permit probes of the relativistic energy density at early epochs and thus provide new ways to constrain dark-matter models, provided nuclear physics inputs are sufficiently well-known. The emerging confluence of accelerator, astrophysical, and cosmological constraints permit searches for dark-matter candidates in a greater range of masses and interaction strengths than heretofore possible.

Susan Gardner; George Fuller

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

435

Theoretical Overview of Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical basis for the prediction of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background is very well developed. Very low amplitude density and temperature perturbations produce small gravitational effects, leading to an anisotropy that is a combination of temperature fluctuations at the surface of last scattering and gravitational redshifts both at last scattering and along the path to the observer. All of the primary anisotropy can be handled by linear perturbation theory, which allows a very accurate calculation of the predicted anisotropy from different models of the Universe.

E. L. Wright

2003-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

436

Physics | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics ORNL Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Physics SHARE Physics Bottom view of the 25 million volt tandem electrostatic accelerator of the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility. Physics researchers at ORNL seek to answer fascinating questions about our Universe: What are the nuclear reactions that drive stellar explosions? How does nuclear matter organize itself? What are the properties of nuclear interactions? Why is there more matter than antimatter in the universe? Is the neutrino its own antiparticle? What are the properties of matter that existed just after the Big Bang? Our research staff address these questions by developing experimental techniques and detector systems, performing experiments at national and

437

Educating Scientifically: Advances in Physics Education Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is now fairly well documented that traditionally taught, large-scale introductory physics courses fail to teach our students the basics. In fact, often these same courses have been found to teach students things we do not want. Building on a tradition of research in physics, the physics education research community has been researching the effects of educational practice and reforms at the undergraduate level for many decades. From these efforts and those within the fields of education, cognitive science, and psychology we have learned a great deal about student learning and environments that support learning for an increasingly diverse population of students in the physics classroom. This talk will introduce some of the ideas from physics education research, discuss a variety of effective classroom practices/ surrounding educational structures, and begin to examine why these do (and do not) work. I will present both a survey of physics education research and some of the exciting theoretical and experimental developments emerging from the University of Colorado.

Finkelstein, Noah (University of Colorado)

2007-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

438

Theoretical Division annual report, FY 1975. [LASL  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the activities in the Theoretical Division and a summary of research highlights during FY 1975. It is intended to inform a wide audience about the theoretical work of the LASL and, therefore, contains introductory material which places recent advances in a broader context. The report is organized into two special interest reports: reactor safety research and the Advanced Research Committee, and 11 reports from the T-Division group leaders on the work of their respective groups. Main interests and responsibilities are outlined including the relationship of the group's work to the work of other T-Division groups and other divisions at the Laboratory. The description of research highlights for FY 1975 explains in a fairly simple, straightforward manner the major recent advances and their significance. Each group report is followed by a publication list for FY 1975 (330 references) and a list of talks given outside the Laboratory (140 references). 29 figures. (auth)

Carruthers, P.A.

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Frontiers in Solidification Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Binary Alloy Solidification at 35 Tesla Characterization of the Structure, Thermodynamics and Transport at the Chemically Heterogeneous Cu/Pb Interface by...

440

Expanding the frontiers of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

successfully for large research programs. Simek pointed to the biofuels research at the BioEnergy Science as targets for computer hackers. These systems provide researchers with real-world data on how computer Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) gathered to celebrate the success of the unprecedented project. The target

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Frontiers in Pharmaceutical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of natural and biomimetic drugs peking university, china Ashok Prasad, ph.d., professor departmentRemony September 4, 2012 Open tO the public one-Day SympoSium September 14, 2012 Drug Therapy in the 21st Century at uri, used in drug delivery. 2012 phr1 1m created by uri publicatiOns and creative services. printed

Rhode Island, University of

442

Frontiers in Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This rapporteur review covers selected results presented in the Parallel Session HEA2 (High Energy Astrophysics 2) of the 10th Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 2003. The subtopics are: ultra high energy cosmic ray anisotropies, the possible connection of these energetic particles with powerful gamma ray bursts, and new exciting scenarios with a strong neutrino-nucleon interaction in the atmosphere.

Luis A. Anchordoqui; Charles D. Dermer; Andreas Ringwald

2004-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

443

Improvements to Nuclear Data and Its Uncertainties by Theoretical Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project addresses three important gaps in existing evaluated nuclear data libraries that represent a significant hindrance against highly advanced modeling and simulation capabilities for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). This project will: Develop advanced theoretical tools to compute prompt fission neutrons and gamma-ray characteristics well beyond average spectra and multiplicity, and produce new evaluated files of U and Pu isotopes, along with some minor actinides; Perform state-of-the-art fission cross-section modeling and calculations using global and microscopic model input parameters, leading to truly predictive fission cross-sections capabilities. Consistent calculations for a suite of Pu isotopes will be performed; Implement innovative data assimilation tools, which will reflect the nuclear data evaluation process much more accurately, and lead to a new generation of uncertainty quantification files. New covariance matrices will be obtained for Pu isotopes and compared to existing ones. The deployment of a fleet of safe and efficient advanced reactors that minimize radiotoxic waste and are proliferation-resistant is a clear and ambitious goal of AFCI. While in the past the design, construction and operation of a reactor were supported through empirical trials, this new phase in nuclear energy production is expected to rely heavily on advanced modeling and simulation capabilities. To be truly successful, a program for advanced simulations of innovative reactors will have to develop advanced multi-physics capabilities, to be run on massively parallel super- computers, and to incorporate adequate and precise underlying physics. And all these areas have to be developed simultaneously to achieve those ambitious goals. Of particular interest are reliable fission cross-section uncertainty estimates (including important correlations) and evaluations of prompt fission neutrons and gamma-ray spectra and uncertainties.

Danon, Yaron; Nazarewicz, Witold; Talou, Patrick

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Seventeen Theoretical Constructs of Information Searching and Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Seventeen Theoretical Constructs of Information Searching and Information Retrieval Bernard J- retical constructs for the fields of information searching and information retrieval to emphasize and information retrieval using intellectual perspective and theoretical orientation. The intellectual

Petrick, Irene J.

445

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

29-30 March 2007 Thursday, 29 March Room 2-160, Bldg. 510 (Physics) 0900 Executive Session Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510 (Physics) (talk+questions) 0930 R20 Search for Magnetic...

446

Modeling from Physical Principles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article, on the other hand, shall concentrate on issues relating to modeling the physical plant to be controlled. Modeling physical systems seems to be a straightforward task. Since physical systems and experiments are often reproducible in a reliable fashion, since measurements from physical systems are frequently available in abundance and of high quality, since the meta--laws of physics are mostly well understood, it seems to be a particularly easy task to come up with accurate mathematical descriptions of most physical plants. Yet, there are some typical pitfalls and frequent misconceptions about the modeling of physical systems, especially among control engineers. These shall be illustrated, and a sound methodological basis for modeling from physical principles shall then be created. 2 Common Misconceptions

Franois E. Cellier; Hilding Elmqvist; Martin Otter

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Probing new physics with flavor physics (and probing flavor physics with new physics)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a written version of a series of lectures aimed at graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle theory/string theory/particle experiment familiar with the basics of the Standard Model. We begin with an overview of flavor physics and its implications for new physics. We emphasize the "new physics flavor puzzle". Then, we give four specific examples of flavor measurements and the lessons that have been (or can be) drawn from them: (i) Charm physics: lessons for supersymmetry from the upper bound on $\\Delta m_D$. (ii) Bottom physics: model independent lessons on the KM mechanism and on new physics in neutral B mixing from $S_{\\psi K_S}$. (iii) Top physics and beyond: testing minimal flavor violation at the LHC. (iv) Neutrino physics: interpreting the data on neutrino masses and mixing within flavor models.

Yosef Nir

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

448

Physics Flash Newsletter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Links Jobs in Physics Human Resources Working at Los Alamos Los Alamos resources To read past issues, please see the: 2012 archive page 2011 archive page September 2013 |...

449

Precision Electroweak Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The status in electroweak precision physics is reviewed. I present a brief summary of the latest data, global fit results, a few implications for new physics, and an outlook.

Erler, Jens [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

450

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8-9 May 2008 Thursday, 8 May Room 2-160, Bldg. 510 (Physics) 0830 Executive Session Large Seminar Room, Bldg. 510 (Physics) (talk+questions) 0900 PHENIX FY09 Beam Use Proposal and...

451

Information-theoretic bound on the energy cost of stochastic simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical systems are often simulated using a stochastic computation where different final states result from identical initial states. Here, we derive the minimum energy cost of simulating a complex data set of a general physical system with a stochastic computation. We show that the cost is proportional to the difference between two information-theoretic measures of complexity of the data - the statistical complexity and the predictive information. We derive the difference as the amount of information erased during the computation. Finally, we illustrate the physics of information by implementing the stochastic computation as a Gedankenexperiment of a Szilard-type engine. The results create a new link between thermodynamics, information theory, and complexity.

Wiesner, Karoline; Rieper, Elisabeth; Vedral, Vlatko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Colloquia Videos from Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is a collaborative national center for plasma and fusion science. Its primary mission is to develop the scientific understanding and the key innovations which will lead to an attractive fusion energy source. Associated missions include conducting world-class research along the broad frontier of plasma science and technology, and providing the highest quality of scientific education. [Copied from PPPL - An Overview at http://www.pppl.gov/polDoc.cfm?Doc_Id=49] It is the home of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) and is a key player in many plasma and fusion energy research projects. These include the National Spherical Torus Experiment, the National Compact Stellarator Experiment, and the international ITER project that will use the largest Tokamak in the world to demonstrate the feasibility of commercial power from fusion energy. The talks and the guests giving them at the Colloquia sessions held weekly at PPPL are as high-powered and complex as PPPL's science. To access the latest videos from the colloquia, select Events from the menu, then select either Upcoming Events or Event Calendar. Choose Colloquia from the dropdown list and then select each month's calendar page to select videos to view.

453

Chemical Physics Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... spectroscopy. Ultrafast lasers are used to more. >> see all Chemical Physics programs and projects ... *. Bookmark and Share. ...

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Introduction to Neutrino Physics  

SciTech Connect

I present a basic introduction to the physics of the neutrino, with emphasis on experimental results and developments.

Linares, Edgar Casimiro [Division de Ciencias e Ingenierias Campus Leon, Loma del Bosque 103 Col. Lomas del Campestre, C.P. 37150 Leon (Mexico) and Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense, 22, C.P. 28040, Madrid (Spain)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

455

NIST: Physics Laboratory Brochure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... measurement methods for determining the structure and function of biological systems, and exploring the mysteries of quantum physics - who are ...

456

Whither Nuclear Physics ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Physics has had its ups and downs. However in recent years, bucked up by some new and often puzzling data, it has become a potentially very rich field. We review some of these exciting developments in a few important sectors of nuclear physics. Emphasis shall be on the study of exotic nuclei and the new physics that these nuclei are teaching us.

Syed Afsar Abbas

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

457

Physics Department Alumni Reunion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics Department Alumni Reunion September 21-22, 2012 Collegeof Communication (COM) MetcalfScienceCenter (SCI) MetcalfPlaza CommonwealthAvenue PhysicsResearch Building LifeScienceand Engineering Beacon Barabasi (PhD 1994) Distinguished University Professor of Physics, Northeastern University Taming

458

Control physical models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes design of model physical model of rectification column. Physical model is appointed as a demonstration system control for distillation by means of control system SIMATIC PCS7 from company SIEMENS. The SIMATIC PCS7 Process control ... Keywords: description, distillation, physical model, process control system

Tom Dvo?k; Jan Blek

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Recent Studies of RF Breakdown Physics in Normal Conducting Cavities  

SciTech Connect

The operating accelerating gradient in normal conducting accelerating structures is often limited by rf breakdown. The behavior of the rf breakdown depends on multiple parameters, including the input rf power, rf circuit, cavity shape and material. Here we discuss recent experimental data and theoretical studies of rf breakdown physics.

Dolgashev, Valery; /SLAC

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

460

Research in elementary particle physics. [Ohio State Univ. , Columbus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental and theoretical work on high energy physics is reviewed. Included are preparations to study high-energy electron-proton interactions at HERA, light-cone QCD, decays of charm and beauty particles, neutrino oscillation, electron-positron interactions at CLEO II, detector development, and astrophysics and cosmology.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Theoretical Models of Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models of gamma ray bursts are reviewed in the light of recent observations of afterglows which point towards a cosmological origin. The physics of fireball shock models is discussed, with attention to the type of light histories and spectra during the gamma-ray phase. The evolution of the remnants and their afterglows is considered, as well as their implications for our current understanding of the mechanisms giving rise to the bursts.

P. Meszaros

1997-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

462

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type Ia supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, X-ray bursts and corerelativistic jet, making a gamma-ray burst, the luminositythose that lead to gamma-ray bursts. The current frontier is

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities. Semi-annual progress report, July 1, 1995--December 31, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period July 1, 1995 - December 31, 1995. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of division publications and colloquia are included.

Norem, J.; Bajt, D.; Rezmer, R.; Wagner, R.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of Chemical Reactivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive chemicals are presented widely in the chemical and petrochemical process industry. Their chemical reactivity hazards have posed a significant challenge to the industries of manufacturing, storage and transportation. The accidents due to reactive chemicals have caused tremendous loss of properties and lives, and damages to the environment. In this research, three classes of reactive chemicals (unsaturated hydrocarbons, self-reacting chemicals, energetic materials) were evaluated through theoretical and experimental methods. Methylcyclopentadiene (MCP) and Hydroxylamine (HA) are selected as representatives of unsaturated hydrocarbons and self-reacting chemicals, respectively. Chemical reactivity of MCP, including isomerization, dimerization, and oxidation, is investigated by computational chemistry methods and empirical thermodynamicenergy correlation. Density functional and ab initio methods are used to search the initial thermal decomposition steps of HA, including unimolecular and bimolecular pathways. In addition, solvent effects are also examined using water cluster methods and Polarizable Continuum Models (PCM) for aqueous solution of HA. The thermal stability of a basic energetic material, Nitroethane, is investigated through both theoretical and experimental methods. Density functional methods are employed to explore the initial decomposition pathways, followed by developing detailed reaction networks. Experiments with a batch reactor and in situ GC are designed to analyze the distribution of reaction products and verify reaction mechanisms. Overall kinetic model is also built from calorimetric experiments using an Automated Pressure Tracking Adiabatic Calorimeter (APTAC). Finally, a general evaluation approach is developed for a wide range of reactive chemicals. An index of thermal risk is proposed as a preliminary risk assessment to screen reactive chemicals. Correlations are also developed between reactivity parameters, such as onset temperature, activation energy, and adiabatic time to maximum rate based on a limited number, 37 sets, of Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) data. The research shows broad applications in developing reaction mechanisms at the molecular level. The methodology of reaction modeling in combination with molecular modeling can also be used to study other reactive chemical systems.

Wang, Qingsheng

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Black hole bombs and explosions: from astrophysics to particle physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black holes are the elementary particles of gravity, the final state of sufficiently massive stars and of energetic collisions. With a forty-year long history, black hole physics is a fully-blossomed field which promises to embrace several branches of theoretical physics. Here I review the main developments in highly dynamical black holes with an emphasis on high energy black hole collisions and probes of particle physics via superradiance. This write-up, rather than being a collection of well known results, is intended to highlight open issues and the most intriguing results.

Cardoso, Vitor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Parity- and Time-Reversal Tests in Nuclear Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear physics tests of parity- and time-reversal invariance have both shaped the development of the Standard Model and provided key tests of its predictions. These studies now provide vital input in the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. We give a brief review of a few key experimental and theoretical developments in the history of this sub-field of nuclear physics as well as a short outlook, focusing on weak decays, parity-violation in electron scattering, and searches for permanent electric dipole moments of the neutron and neutral atoms.

Hertzog, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Simulation in Particle Physics Rob Roser and Tom LeCompte  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

parallel architectures Projecting our Needs The Energy Frontier 112712 3 The Large Hadron Collider is the world's largest particle accelerator. * It collides beams of protons...

468

NIST Atomic Physics Division - 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... produce and critically compile physical reference data ... matter physics, solid-state physics, quantum field ... coefficient that exceeds the classical limit ...

469

Technical Highlights Atomic Physics Division  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Physics Division is to develop and apply atomic physics research methods ... community, and to produce and critically compile physical reference data ...

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

470

High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities, July 1, 1996 - December 31, 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is divided into the following areas: (1) experimental research program; (2) theoretical research program; (3) accelerator research and development; (4) divisional computing activities; (5) publications; (6) colloquia and conference talks; (7) high energy physics community activities; and (7) High Energy Physics Division research personnel. Summaries are given for individual research programs for activities (1), (2) and (3).

Norem, J.; Rezmer, R.; Wagner, R.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Physical Sediment Model Test in the Reservoir of Laomukong Hydropower Station in Minjiang River  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physical model is used to investigate the sediment transport in the reservoir of Lamukong hydropower station under design. The model test results are the main theoretical basis for the dyke line layout in the two sides of the reservoir. The test results ... Keywords: physical model, suspended sediment transport, reservoir dyke layout, reservoir operation mode

Yunli Wang; Xujin Zhang; Zhihui Ni

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Modeling of Physical Properties of Composite Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent progress in three different areas involving the modeling of the physical properties of composites is reviewed. These include: (i) theoretical approaches to microstructure/property relations; (ii) X-ray microtomography, an imaging technique that enables one to obtain high-resolution three-dimensional microstructural phase information of a composite sample in a non-intrusive manner; and (ii) topology optimization, a promising numerical technique that enables one to design composites with tailored material properties. Current limitations and future research needs are described.

S. Torquato

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Nuclear Physics of Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A remarkable fact about spherically-symmetric neutron stars in hydrostatic equilibrium - the so-called Schwarzschild stars - is that the only physics that they are sensitive to is the equation of state of neutron-rich matter. As such, neutron stars provide a myriad of observables that may be used to constrain poorly known aspects of the nuclear interaction under extreme conditions of density. After discussing many of the fascinating phases encountered in neutron stars, I will address how powerful theoretical, experimental, and observational constraints may be used to place stringent limits on the equation of state of neutron-rich matter.

J. Piekarewicz

2008-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

474

ORISE: Health physics services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Health physics services Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), as well as other federal and state agencies. From radiological facility audits and reviews to dose modeling and technical evaluations, ORISE is nationally-recognized for its health physics support to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) projects across the United States. Our health physics services include: Environmental survey Applied health physics projects We work with government agencies and organizations to identify, measure and assess the presence of radiological materials during the D&D process. ORISE

475

physics_fest_map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Fest in CEBAF Center * The Physics Fest runs from 10:00 AM to 12:00 noon * Buses drop-off and pick-up students in the CEBAF Center circle * Buses remaining on-site will be directed to parking areas by Jefferson Lab security * Private vehicles may park in any non-reserved/non-restricted space in any of the regular parking lots * The CEBAF Center receptionist can be reached at (757) 269-7100

476

Symmetries in physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of symmetries in physics is briefly reviewed. In the first part of these lecture notes, some of the basic mathematical tools needed for the understanding of symmetries in nature are presented, namely group theory, Lie groups and Lie algebras, and Noether's theorem. In the second part, some applications of symmetries in physics are discussed, ranging from isospin and flavor symmetry to more recent developments involving the interacting boson model and its extension to supersymmetries in nuclear physics.

Roelof Bijker

2005-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

477

Physically based virtual painting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tapping the compelling illusion of physical interaction with paints, brushes, surfaces, color, and light, users express the nuances of their visual and emotional imaginations.

Ming Lin; William Baxter; Vincent Scheib; Jeremy Wendt

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

NIST Physical Reference Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nuclear Physics Data. ... database consists of evaluated data for use in total-energy calculations of electronic structure by density-functional theory. ...

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

479

Nuclear Physics from QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective field theories provide a bridge between QCD and nuclear physics. I discuss light nuclei from this perspective, emphasizing the role of fine-tuning.

U. van Kolck

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

480

Nuclear Physics Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

To Other Interesting Educational Pages Fusion in the Sun Other Berkeley Lab Nuclear Physics Web Pages Table of Isotopes Animated Glossary Viewing the Periodic Table of Elements...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frontier theoretical physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Physics Out Loud - Neutron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Matter Previous Video (Matter) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Niobium) Niobium Neutron Karl Slifer, a physicist based at the University of New Hampshire and who conducts...

482

Physics Out Loud - Cryomodule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cross Section Previous Video (Cross Section) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Detector) Detector Cryomodule Charlie Reece, an accelerator technology scientist, reveals the...

483

Physics Out Loud - Proton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photomultiplier Tube Previous Video (Photomultiplier Tube) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)) Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) Proton Learn about the...

484

Brookhaven Nuclear Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven Nuclear Physics Historically, nuclear physicists have studied the structure, characteristics, and behavior of the atomic nucleus and the nature of the nuclear force....

485

Physics Out Loud - Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser Previous Video (Laser) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Neutron) Neutron Matter David Lawrence, a Jefferson Lab physicist, discusses matter...

486

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at RHIC or the AGS should be submitted to the Associate Laboratory Director for Nuclear and Particle Physics, presently Steve Vigdor, Bldg. 510F, Brookhaven National...

487

Physics Out Loud  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab scientists and other experts explain some of the common words and terms used in nuclear physics research. Baryon Baryon Cerenkov Light Cerenkov Light Cross Section Cross...

488

High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agenda Presentations Reference Materials Participants Organizing Committee Logistics Nuclear Physics (NP) Overview Published Reports Case Study FAQs NERSC HPC Achievement Awards...

489

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Nuclear and Particle Physics Program Advisory Committee Meeting June 15-16, 2009 Agenda Reference Documents Letter to Barbara Jacak and Nu Xu (129...

490

Physics Out Loud - Baryon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Facility Previous Video (User Facility) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Cerenkov Light) Cerenkov Light Baryon David Lawrence, a physicist, describes the class of...

491

Physics Out Loud - Detector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cryomodule Previous Video (Cryomodule) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Electromagnetic Force) Electromagnetic Force Detector Elena Long, a graduate student at Kent State...

492

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Nuclear and Particle Physics Program Advisory Committee Meeting 7-8 June 2012 Agenda Related Documents: PHENIX Beam Use Proposal, STAR Beam Use...

493

Nuclear & Particle Physics Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

...T. Kirk 10:15 am Coffee Break 10:30 am Physics Department Overview (see note above)...S. Aronson 11:00 am...

494

Physics of Complex Plasmas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Physics of complex plasmas is a wide and varied field. In the context of this PhD thesis I present the major results from my research (more)

Stterlin, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Physics Out Loud - Laser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Previous Video (Hybrid Meson) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Matter) Matter Laser Learn all about different types of lasers with Jefferson Lab's Michelle Shinn, a...

496

Review of Particle Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies for Nuclear Physics CEBAF Je?erson LabThomas Je?by CLAS and PrimEx at CEBAF, and by PANDA at GSI. Recently,

Nakamura, Kenzo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Physics Out Loud - Electrons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Scattering Previous Video (Electron Scattering) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (Elementary Particles) Elementary Particles Electrons David Lawrence, a physicist,...

498

COURSE NOTES: Physical Metallurgy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 1, 2008 ... Citation: Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H., "Physical Metallurgy." Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy. 2006. University of Cambridge.

499

Degeneracy in physics - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... Degeneracy in physics. In simple terms, it is understood that a statistical system at equilibrium tends towards its most probable state.

500

Physical Characteristics of Children  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... rigid platform constructed of a light weight aluminum ... Physical Growth of Alabama White Girls Attending ... Society of Mechanical Engineers, Paper no. ...