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Sample records for frontier intensity frontier

  1. Intensity Frontier Instrumentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kettell S.; Rameika, R.; Tshirhart, B.

    2013-09-24

    The fundamental origin of flavor in the Standard Model (SM) remains a mystery. Despite the roughly eighty years since Rabi asked “Who ordered that?” upon learning of the discovery of the muon, we have not understood the reason that there are three generations or, more recently, why the quark and neutrino mixing matrices and masses are so different. The solution to the flavor problem would give profound insights into physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM) and tell us about the couplings and the mass scale at which the next level of insight can be found. The SM fails to explain all observed phenomena: new interactions and yet unseen particles must exist. They may manifest themselves by causing SM reactions to differ from often very precise predictions. The Intensity Frontier (1) explores these fundamental questions by searching for new physics in extremely rare processes or those forbidden in the SM. This often requires massive and/or extremely finely tuned detectors.

  2. Intensity Frontier| U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intensity Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Experiments Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  3. The CP-Violating pMSSM at the Intensity Frontier (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: The CP-Violating pMSSM at the Intensity Frontier Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The CP-Violating pMSSM at the Intensity Frontier You are accessing a...

  4. Simulation Needs and Priorities of the Fermilab Intensity Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elvira, V. D.; Genser, K. L.; Hatcher, R.; Perdue, G.; Wenzel, H. J.; Yarba, J.

    2015-06-11

    Over a two-year period, the Physics and Detector Simulations (PDS) group of the Fermilab Scientific Computing Division (SCD), collected information from Fermilab Intensity Frontier experiments on their simulation needs and concerns. The process and results of these activities are documented here.

  5. Working Group Report: Computing for the Intensity Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebel, B.; Sanchez, M.C.; Wolbers, S.

    2013-10-25

    This is the report of the Computing Frontier working group on Lattice Field Theory prepared for the proceedings of the 2013 Community Summer Study ("Snowmass"). We present the future computing needs and plans of the U.S. lattice gauge theory community and argue that continued support of the U.S. (and worldwide) lattice-QCD effort is essential to fully capitalize on the enormous investment in the high-energy physics experimental program. We first summarize the dramatic progress of numerical lattice-QCD simulations in the past decade, with some emphasis on calculations carried out under the auspices of the U.S. Lattice-QCD Collaboration, and describe a broad program of lattice-QCD calculations that will be relevant for future experiments at the intensity and energy frontiers. We then present details of the computational hardware and software resources needed to undertake these calculations.

  6. APS and Frontiers

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    the annual publication of Argonne research highlights. This page contains Frontiers articles focusing on APS-related research. APS Articles in Frontiers 2004 Cover of Frontiers...

  7. Frontiers in Science Archive

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science Lectures » Frontiers in Science Archive Frontiers in Science Archive x LInda Anderman (505) 665-9196 Email The Frontiers in Science lecture series are a public service of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows. Fellows are appointed by the Laboratory Director in recognition of sustained outstanding contributions and exceptional promise for continued professional achievement. All lectures are open to the public and free of charge. PAST LECTURES 2015 August Beyond Pluto:

  8. The CP-Violating pMSSM at the Intensity Frontier (Conference) | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Connect Conference: The CP-Violating pMSSM at the Intensity Frontier Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The CP-Violating pMSSM at the Intensity Frontier Authors: Berger, Joshua ; Cahill-Rowley, Matthew W. ; Ghosh, Diptimoy ; Hewett, JoAnne L. ; Ismail, Ahmed ; Rizzo, Thomas G. Publication Date: 2013-10-07 OSTI Identifier: 1096197 Report Number(s): SLAC-PUB-15747 arXiv:1309.7653 DOE Contract Number: AC02-76SF00515 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Journal Name:

  9. Frontiers in Science Lectures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures x Linda Anderman (505) 665-9196 Email The Frontiers in Science lecture series are a public service of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows. Fellows are appointed by the Laboratory Director in recognition of sustained outstanding contributions and exceptional promise for continued professional achievement. All lectures are open to the public and free of charge. LATEST LECTURE Hacking Photosynthesis: Growing Plants to Power Our

  10. Sandia Energy - Energy Frontier Research Center

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    Energy Frontier Research Center Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Energy Frontier Research Center Energy Frontier Research CenterTara...

  11. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Cosmic Frontier

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Experiments at the Cosmic Frontier How it works Questions for the Universe Scientific results Experiments CDMS COUPP GammeV Pierre Auger SDSS Dark Energy Survey Proposed Projects and Experiments photo-cosmic Cosmic Frontier Particle physics experiments at the Cosmic Frontier use the cosmos as a laboratory to investigate the fundamental laws of physics. Researchers use detectors to study particles from space as they approach and enter our atmosphere in forms

  12. Frontiers in Science Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Video Resources » Frontiers in Science Lecture Series Frontiers in Science Lecture Series The Laboratory Fellows are appointed by the Laboratory Director in recognition of sustained outstanding contributions and exceptional promise for continued professional achievement. The Frontiers in Science series shares the Laboratory's cutting-edge research with the surrounding community. Contact Communications Office (505)665-9196 or (505)667-7000 Frontiers in Science Lecture Series Presented by the Los

  13. Particle production of a graphite target system for the intensity frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, X.; Kirk, H.; McDonald, K. T.

    2015-05-03

    A solid graphite target system is considered for an intense muon and/or neutrino source in support of physics at the intensity frontier. We previously optimized the geometric parameters of the beam and target to maximize particle production at low energies by incoming protons with kinetic energy of 6.75 GeV and an rms geometric emittance of 5 mm-mrad using the MARS15(2014) code. In this study, we ran MARS15 with ROOT-based geometry and also considered a mercury-jet target as an upgrade option. The optimization was extended to focused proton beams with transverse emittances from 5 to 50 mm-mrad, showing that the particle production decreases slowly with increasing emittance. We also studied beam-dump configurations to suppress the rate of undesirable high-energy secondary particles in the beam.

  14. Fundamental physics at the intensity frontier. Report of the workshop held December 2011 in Rockville, MD.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewett, J.L.; Weerts, H.; Brock, R.; Butler, J.N.; Casey, B.C.K.; Lu, Z.T.; Wagner, C.E.M.; Dietrich, M.R.; Djurcic, Z.; Goodman, M.; Green, J.P.; Holt, R.J.; Mueller, P.; Paley, J.; Reimer, P.; Singh, J.; Upadhye, A.

    2012-06-05

    Particle physics aims to understand the universe around us. The Standard Model of particle physics describes the basic structure of matter and forces, to the extent we have been able to probe thus far. However, it leaves some big questions unanswered. Some are within the Standard Model itself, such as why there are so many fundamental particles and why they have different masses. In other cases, the Standard Model simply fails to explain some phenomena, such as the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe, the existence of dark matter and dark energy, and the mechanism that reconciles gravity with quantum mechanics. These gaps lead us to conclude that the universe must contain new and unexplored elements of Nature. Most of particle and nuclear physics is directed towards discovering and understanding these new laws of physics. These questions are best pursued with a variety of approaches, rather than with a single experiment or technique. Particle physics uses three basic approaches, often characterized as exploration along the cosmic, energy, and intensity frontiers. Each employs different tools and techniques, but they ultimately address the same fundamental questions. This allows a multi-pronged approach where attacking basic questions from different angles furthers knowledge and provides deeper answers, so that the whole is more than a sum of the parts. A coherent picture or underlying theoretical model can more easily emerge, to be proven correct or not. The intensity frontier explores fundamental physics with intense sources and ultra-sensitive, sometimes massive detectors. It encompasses searches for extremely rare processes and for tiny deviations from Standard Model expectations. Intensity frontier experiments use precision measurements to probe quantum effects. They typically investigate very large energy scales, even higher than the kinematic reach of high energy particle accelerators. The science addresses basic questions, such as: Are there new sources of CP violation? Is there CP violation in the leptonic sector? Are neutrinos their own antiparticles? Do the forces unify? Is there a weakly coupled hidden sector that is related to dark matter? Do new symmetries exist at very high energy scales? To identify the most compelling science opportunities in this area, the workshop Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier was held in December 2011, sponsored by the Office of High Energy Physics in the US Department of Energy Office of Science. Participants investigated the most promising experiments to exploit these opportunities and described the knowledge that can be gained from such a program. The workshop generated much interest in the community, as witnessed by the large and energetic participation by a broad spectrum of scientists. This document chronicles the activities of the workshop, with contributions by more than 450 authors. The workshop organized the intensity frontier science program along six topics that formed the basis for working groups: experiments that probe (i) heavy quarks, (ii) charged leptons, (iii) neutrinos, (iv) proton decay, (v) light, weakly interacting particles, and (vi) nucleons, nuclei, and atoms. The conveners for each working group included an experimenter and a theorist working in the field and an observer from the community at large. The working groups began their efforts well in advance of the workshop, holding regular meetings and soliciting written contributions. Specific avenues of exploration were identified by each working group. Experiments that study rare strange, charm, and bottom meson decays provide a broad program of measurements that are sensitive to new interactions. Charged leptons, particularly muons and taus, provide a precise probe for new physics because the Standard Model predictions for their properties are very accurate. Research at the intensity frontier can reveal CP violation in the lepton sector, and elucidate whether neutrinos are their own antiparticles. A very weakly coupled hidden-sector that may comprise the dark matter in the universe could be discovered. The search for proton decay can probe the unification of the forces with unprecedented reach and test sacrosanct symmetries to very high scales. Detecting an electric dipole moment for the neutron, or neutral atoms, could establish a clear signal for new physics, while limits on such a measurement would place severe constraints on many new theories. This workshop marked the first instance where discussion of these diverse programs was held under one roof. As a result, it was realized that this broad effort has many connections; a large degree of synergy exists between the different areas and they address similar questions. Results from one area were found to be pertinent to experiments in another domain.

  15. Frontiers in Science Lectures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lectures focus on saving energy through superconductivity June 12, 2009 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 12, 2009-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Dean Peterson discusses the science of high-temperature superconductivity in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures starting June 16 at the Duane W. Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. In the talk, titled "Lost In Transmission: Saving Energy With Superconductivity," Peterson, of the Laboratory's Superconductivity Technology

  16. Energy Frontier Research Centers

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    Welcome US DOE Energy Frontier Research Center The Center for Revolutionary Materials for Solid State Energy Conversion will focus on solid state conversion of thermal energy to useful electrical power, both to increase the efficiency of traditional industrial energy processes and to tap new unused sources of energy such as solar thermal. Additionally materials with enhanced thermoelectric properties will find application in high efficiency, environmentally benign climate control systems. Our

  17. Cosmic Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Cosmic Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Experiments Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  18. Energy Frontier | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Energy Frontier High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Experiments Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  19. Science Frontiers Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL...

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    Science Frontiers Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Laboratory, is pushing the frontiers of science in areas that are...

  20. Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE: Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage...

  1. Muon Colliders: The Next Frontier

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Tourun, Yagmur [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, United States

    2010-01-08

    Muon Colliders provide a path to the energy frontier in particle physics but have been regarded to be "at least 20 years away" for 20 years. I will review recent progress in design studies and hardware R&D and show that a Muon Collider can be established as a real option for the post-LHC era if the current vigorous R&D effort revitalized by the Muon Collider Task Force at Fermilab can be supported to its conclusion. All critical technologies are being addressed and no show-stoppers have emerged. Detector backgrounds have been studied in detail and appear to be manageable and the physics can be done with existing detector technology. A muon facility can be built through a staged scenario starting from a low-energy muon source with unprecedented intensity for exquisite reach for rare processes, followed by a Neutrino Factory with ultrapure neutrino beams with unparalleled sensitivity for disentangling neutrino mixing, leading to an energy frontier Muon Collider with excellent energy resolution.

  2. New Frontiers of Light | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Videos » New Frontiers of Light New Frontiers of Light View the video from Jim Brodrick's opening presentation at the February 2010 DOE SSL R&D Workshop in Raleigh, North Carolina. View the text-alternative version.

  3. National Laboratory Frontiers in Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in Science lectures October 27, 2009 Los Alamos, New Mexico, October 27, 2009-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Sanjay Reddy talks about the nature of neutron stars in a Frontiers in Science lecture at 7 p.m., November 3, in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. Reddy will give the same lecture November 5, 10, and 16 in Albuquerque, Española, and Santa Fe, respectively. All the talks begin at 7 p.m. and are free

  4. Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home Home The Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center (CEFRC) was established by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in August 2009 as one of the 46 new centers around the country dedicated to addressing the pressing issues of energy sustainability, energy security, and climate change. The CEFRC, funded at $20 million over 5 years and directed by Professor Chung K. Law of Princeton University, focuses on the combustion of fossil and alternative fuels to produce heat and power. The research team

  5. Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovations Technologies |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovations Technologies Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovations Technologies April 18, 2016 5:00PM EDT DOE's Building Technologies Office (BTO) Emerging Technologies Program is accepting applications to fund three Innovation topics and two Frontiers topics to support efforts to reduce the energy use of commercial and residential buildings. Innovations section includes: Topic 1: Open Topic for Energy Efficiency

  6. Frontier Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Frontier Ethanol LLC Place: Gowrie, Iowa Product: Owner and operator of a bioethanol plant near Gowrie, Iowa. Coordinates: 42.28227,...

  7. Contact CEFRC - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact CEFRC Contact CEFRC Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center Princeton University Engineering Quadrangle Suite D-334 Olden Street Princeton, NJ 08544-5263 Phone:...

  8. Contact us | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact us Home Director Donald T Morelli Professor of Materials Science and Director, MSUDOE Energy Frontier Research Center Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials...

  9. Secretary Bodman Praises Western States' "Frontier Line"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today released the following statement regarding the “Frontier Line” announced by Governors Arnold Schwarzenegger (CA), Kenny Guinn (NV), Jon...

  10. The Energy Storage Frontier: Lithium-ion Batteries and Beyond...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Storage Frontier: Lithium-ion Batteries and Beyond Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Energy Storage Frontier: Lithium-ion Batteries and Beyond Authors:...

  11. New opportunities at the frontiers of spintronics. (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    New opportunities at the frontiers of spintronics. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: New opportunities at the frontiers of spintronics. The field of spintronics, or magnetic ...

  12. Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events ...

  13. DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    to Award 100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC ...

  14. Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES) |...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events ...

  15. Electrical Energy Storage A DOE ENERGY FRONTIER RESEARCH CENTER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage A DOE ENERGY FRONTIER RESEARCH CENTER NANOSTRUCTURES FOR ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE (NEES) is an Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) ...

  16. Road Tripping through the Geothermal Frontier

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    After more than a year since the announcement of available funding, the project teams for our Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE) each hosted our geothermal experts at their candidate sites this fall. We’re calling it our road trip through the geothermal frontier.

  17. Road Tripping through the Geothermal Frontier

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    And they’re off! After more than a year since the announcement of available funding, the project teams selected for our Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE) each hosted our geothermal experts at their candidate sites this fall. We’re calling it our road trip through the geothermal frontier.

  18. Frontier Renewables LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Product: Californian based developer of utility-scale renewable energy plants. References: Frontier Renewables LLC1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  19. Solar Frontier K K | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Solar Frontier K.K. Place: Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Zip: 135-8074 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen, Solar Product: Japanese oil company with urban gas and electricity, solar, fuel cell...

  20. Snowmass Computing Frontier I2: Distributed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Snowmass Computing Frontier I2: Distributed Computing and Facility Infrastructures Ken Bloom Richard Gerber July 31, 2013 Thursday, October 10, 13 Computing Frontier I2: Distributed Computing and Facility Infrastructures 7/31/13 Who we are ‣ Ken Bloom, Associate Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln ‣ Co-PI for the Nebraska CMS Tier-2 computing facility ‣ Tier-2 program manager and Deputy Manager of Software and Computing for US CMS ‣ Tier-2

  1. Energy Frontier Research Centers | Argonne National Laboratory

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    The above figure depicts an ALD-Modified "Rust" Surface for enhanced electrode activity. Energy Frontier Research Centers Argonne pulls together science and engineering leaders across institutional boundaries, allowing them to take a collaborative approach to specific scientific challenges. In 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science/Office of Basic Energy Sciences established the Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs). These EFRCs are composed of small teams of

  2. Fermilab Today | Results for the Frontiers | 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    result column showcases the scientific research and results achieved at Fermilab. Frontier Science Result Archive - 2015 Frontier Science Result Current Archive 2014 Archive 2013 Archive Result of the Week 2012 Result of the Week Archive 2012 CMS Result Archive 2011 Result of the Week Archive 2011 CMS Result Archive 2010 Result of the Week Archive 2010 CMS Result Archive 2009 Result of the Week Archive 2009 CMS Result Archive 2008 Result of the Week Archive 2007 Result of the Week Archive 2006

  3. Approaches to renewable energy storage focus of Frontiers in...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science Talk Approaches to renewable energy storage focus of Frontiers in Science talk Albert Migliori will give the series of public talks, titled, "Use It, Lose It, ...

  4. Fundamental Symmetries of the Early Universe and the Precision Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey-Musolf, Michael J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States) and Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2009-12-17

    The search for the next Standard Model of fundamental interactions is being carried out at two frontiers: the high energy frontier involving the Tevatron and Large Hadron Collider, and the high precision frontier where the focus is largely on low energy experiments. I discuss the unique and powerful window on new physics provided by the precision frontier and its complementarity to the information we hope to gain from present and future colliders.

  5. Frontiers in Science talks explore new strategies to improve

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    photosynthesis, increase energy yields Frontiers in Science Frontiers in Science talks explore new strategies to improve photosynthesis, increase energy yields Richard Sayre discusses how improving photosynthetic efficiency may result in substantial increases in crop yields. December 6, 2015 All Frontiers in Science presentations begin at 7 p.m. and are free of charge. All Frontiers in Science presentations begin at 7 p.m. and are free of charge. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office

  6. FORGE: The Next Frontier of Renewable Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FORGE: The Next Frontier of Renewable Energy FORGE: The Next Frontier of Renewable Energy May 20, 2015 - 11:56am Addthis FORGE: The Next Frontier of Renewable Energy David Danielson David Danielson Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Douglas Hollett Douglas Hollett Deputy Assistant Secretary for Renewable Power The Energy Department recently announced the teams selected for negotiation for Phase 1 of the Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE).

  7. Frontiers in Advanced Storage Technologies (FAST) project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Storage R&D Frontiers in Advanced Storage Technologies (FAST) project Working with vendors to develop new functionality in storage technologies generally not yet available to industry. The NERSC project involves selecting particular technologies of interest, partnering with the vendor, assessing their hardware, and providing feedback or co-development to improve the product for use in HPC environments. The FAST project involves establishing long-term development collaboration agreements to

  8. DOEFES_Plasma_Frontiers_Townhall_Vay.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J.-L. Vay, E. Esarey, A. Koniges Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory J. Barnard, A. Friedman, D. Grote Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Frontiers of Plasma Science Workshops - Town Hall June 30-July 1, 2015 Predictive Community Computational Tools for Virtual Plasma Science Experiments 2 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Office of Science Advanced simula.ons play an increasingly important role in plasma science . Plasmas exhibit very complex interrelated mul.-scale mul.-physics phenomena: è

  9. DOE Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) * EFRC five-year funding amount includes total support for the lead institution plus its participating institutions. The planned five-year funding estimates for non-Recovery Act awards are subject to FY 2010 to FY 2013 appropriations. ** Funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. August 6, 2009 Page 1 of 7 Lead Institution Location State EFRC Name EFRC Director 5-Yr. Funding* EFRC Objective Arizona State University** Tempe AZ EFR

  10. Earthquake triggering discussed in three Frontiers in Science lectures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science lectures Earthquake triggering discussed in three Frontiers in Science lectures Earthquakes and their possible causes is the topic of the next series of Frontiers in Science lectures by Paul Johnson. November 6, 2014 Paul Johnson Paul Johnson Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email "What is it that makes the Earth move under our feet?" Johnson asks. "How is it that earthquakes can cause other earthquakes? Can human activities also

  11. Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    superconductivity Frontiers in Science Lectures Frontiers in Science Lectures focus on saving energy through superconductivity Dean Peterson discusses the science of high-temperature superconductivity in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures. June 12, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma

  12. Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications History Contact BES Home 05.24.11 Department of Energy Hosts Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page On Wednesday, May 25, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven

  13. Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) | Photosynthetic Antenna Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center About / Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) On April 27, 2009, the White House announced that the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science will invest $777 million in Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) over five years. In a major effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy, 46 new multi-million-dollar EFRCs have been established at universities, national laboratories,

  14. Energy Department to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Centers | Department of Energy to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Department to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers September 30, 2013 - 4:39pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced a proposed $100 million in FY2014 funding for Energy Frontier Research Centers to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy. Research supported by

  15. Frontier County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climate Zone Number 5 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Frontier County, Nebraska Curtis, Nebraska Eustis, Nebraska Maywood, Nebraska Moorefield, Nebraska Stockville, Nebraska...

  16. Earthquake triggering discussed in three Frontiers in Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    causes is the topic of the next series of Frontiers in Science lectures by Paul Johnson. November 6, 2014 Paul Johnson Paul Johnson Contact Steve Sandoval Communications...

  17. Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) February 4, 2014 - ...

  18. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Scientific ...

  19. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center (LMI-EFRC) is excited to offer this free public webinar on Approaches to Ultrahigh Efficiency ...

  20. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and innovators in the design and fabrication of novel electronic and photonic materials. Spotlight lmi team New frontiers in 3D Printing: Jennifer Lewis' group at Harvard has...

  1. Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events ...

  2. Annual symposium on Frontiers in Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metzger, N.; Fulton, K.R.

    1998-12-31

    This final report summarizes activities conducted for the National Academy of Sciences' Annual Symposium on Frontiers of Science with support from the US Department of Energy for the period July 1, 1993 through May 31, 1998. During the report period, five Frontiers of Science symposia were held at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering. For each Symposium, an organizing committee appointed by the NAS President selected and planned the eight sessions for the Symposium and identified general participants for invitation by the NAS President. These Symposia accomplished their goal of bringing together outstanding younger (age 45 or less) scientists to hear presentations in disciplines outside their own and to discuss exciting advances and opportunities in their fields in a format that encourages, and allows adequate time for, informal one-on-one discussions among participants. Of the 458 younger scientists who participated, over a quarter (124) were women. Participant lists for all symposia (1993--1997) are attached. The scientific participants were leaders in basic research from academic, industrial, and federal laboratories in such disciplines as astronomy, astrophysics, atmospheric science, biochemistry, cell biology, chemistry, computer science, earth sciences, engineering, genetics, material sciences, mathematics, microbiology, neuroscience, physics, and physiology. For each symposia, the 24 speakers and discussants on the program were urged to focus their presentations on current cutting-edge research in their field for a scientifically sophisticated but non-specialist audience, and to provide a sense of the experimental data--what is actually measured and seen in the various fields. They were also asked to address questions such as: What are the major research problems and unique tools in their field? What are the current limitations on advances as well as the frontiers? Speakers were asked to provide a 2500- to 3000-word synopsis of their speech in advance, so that participants, particularly those in other fields, could familiarize themselves with the topic.

  3. Fermilab Today | Results for the Frontiers | 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Frontier Science Result Current Archive 2014 Archive 2013 Archive Result of the Week 2012 Result of the Week Archive 2012 CMS Result Archive 2011 Result of the Week Archive 2011 CMS Result Archive 2010 Result of the Week Archive 2010 CMS Result Archive 2009 Result of the Week Archive 2009 CMS Result Archive 2008 Result of the Week Archive 2007 Result of the Week Archive 2006 Result of the Week Archive 2005 Result of the Week Archive 2004 Result of the Week Archive 2003 Result of the Week

  4. Fermilab Today | Results for the Frontiers | 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Frontier Science Result Current Archive 2014 Archive 2013 Archive Result of the Week 2012 Result of the Week Archive 2012 CMS Result Archive 2011 Result of the Week Archive 2011 CMS Result Archive 2010 Result of the Week Archive 2010 CMS Result Archive 2009 Result of the Week Archive 2009 CMS Result Archive 2008 Result of the Week Archive 2007 Result of the Week Archive 2006 Result of the Week Archive 2005 Result of the Week Archive 2004 Result of the Week Archive 2003 Result of the Week

  5. Fundamental Symmetries of the Early Universe and the Precision Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey-Musolf, Michael (University of Wisconsin) [University of Wisconsin

    2011-03-02

    The quest to explain nature's fundamental interactions and how they shaped the evolution of the universe is one of the most compelling in physics. The standard model of particle physics provides a partial explanation, but we know that it must be part of a larger, more complete framework. Experiments hoping to uncover details of the 'new standard model' are being carried out at two frontiers: the high energy frontier and the high precision frontier. In this talk, I discuss the theoretical implications of some of the key up-coming experiments at the precision frontier. I focus in particular on what they may teach us about the origin of matter and the possible existence of new forces that were important at earlier times in the evolution of the cosmos. I will also comment on how they complement experiments at the energy frontier.

  6. Department of Energy to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Summit | Department of Energy Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit Department of Energy to Host Inaugural Energy Frontier Research Center Summit May 24, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - On Wednesday, May 25, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome nearly 1,000 of America's top energy researchers to Washington, D.C. for the inaugural Science for the Nation's Energy Future: The Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit and Forum. The three-day public

  7. How Will We Explore Earth's Final Frontier? | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Explore Earth's Final Frontier? Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Invention Factory: How Will We Explore Earth's Final Frontier? In this episode of Invention Factory, we uncover the mysteries of the earth's final frontier, the oceans. From creating machines that work at extreme depths, to mapping and

  8. Frontiers of interfacial water research :workshop report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cygan, Randall Timothy; Greathouse, Jeffery A.

    2005-10-01

    Water is the critical natural resource of the new century. Significant improvements in traditional water treatment processes require novel approaches based on a fundamental understanding of nanoscale and atomic interactions at interfaces between aqueous solution and materials. To better understand these critical issues and to promote an open dialog among leading international experts in water-related specialties, Sandia National Laboratories sponsored a workshop on April 24-26, 2005 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The ''Frontiers of Interfacial Water Research Workshop'' provided attendees with a critical review of water technologies and emphasized the new advances in surface and interfacial microscopy, spectroscopy, diffraction, and computer simulation needed for the development of new materials for water treatment.

  9. Frontiers of in situ electron microscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zheng, Haimei; Zhu, Yimei; Meng, Shirley Ying

    2015-01-01

    In situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has become an increasingly important tool for materials characterization. It provides key information on the structural dynamics of a material during transformations and the correlation between structure and properties of materials. With the recent advances in instrumentation, including aberration corrected optics, sample environment control, the sample stage, and fast and sensitive data acquisition, in situ TEM characterization has become more and more powerful. In this article, a brief review of the current status and future opportunities of in situ TEM is included. It also provides an introduction to the six articles covered by inmore » this issue of MRS Bulletin explore the frontiers of in situ electron microscopy, including liquid and gas environmental TEM, dynamic four-dimensional TEM, nanomechanics, ferroelectric domain switching studied by in situ TEM, and state-of-the-art atomic imaging of light elements (i.e., carbon atoms) and individual defects.« less

  10. Materials Frontiers to Empower Quantum Computing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Antoinette Jane; Sarrao, John Louis; Richardson, Christopher

    2015-06-11

    This is an exciting time at the nexus of quantum computing and materials research. The materials frontiers described in this report represent a significant advance in electronic materials and our understanding of the interactions between the local material and a manufactured quantum state. Simultaneously, directed efforts to solve materials issues related to quantum computing provide an opportunity to control and probe the fundamental arrangement of matter that will impact all electronic materials. An opportunity exists to extend our understanding of materials functionality from electronic-grade to quantum-grade by achieving a predictive understanding of noise and decoherence in qubits and their origins in materials defects and environmental coupling. Realizing this vision systematically and predictively will be transformative for quantum computing and will represent a qualitative step forward in materials prediction and control.

  11. Department of Energy to Host Energy Frontier Research Center...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    D.C. for the inaugural Science for the Nation's Energy Future: The Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit and Forum. The three-day event will bring together scientists and...

  12. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk from Paul Alivisatos titled LBNL in the Chu Era Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  13. Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Homepage | U.S. DOE...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    EFRCs Home Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science ... Download High Resolution Map .jpg file (1.2MB) As world demand for energy rapidly expands, ...

  14. Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Green, Peter F. (Director, Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, University of Michigan); CSTEC Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Heart of the Solution - Energy Frontiers' was submitted by the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was both the People's Choice Award winner and selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'exemplary explanation of the role of an Energy Frontier Research Center'. The Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is directed by Peter F. Green at the University of Michigan. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion is 'to study complex material structures on the nanoscale to identify key features for their potential use as materials to convert solar energy and heat to electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

  15. NERSC, Berkeley Lab Explore Frontiers of Deep Learning for Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC, Berkeley Lab Explore Frontiers of Deep Learning for Science NERSC, Berkeley Lab Explore Frontiers of Deep Learning for Science Computational Researchers Test Advanced Machine Learning Tools for HPC December 8, 2015 Contact: Kathy Kincade, kkincade@lbl.gov, 510-495-2124 braindeeplearning Researchers in Berkeley Lab's Biological Systems and Engineering Division are using a deep learning library to analyze recordings of the human brain during speech production. Image: Kris Bouchard Deep

  16. Frontiers for Laboratory Research of Magnetic Reconnection (Conference) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SciTech Connect Frontiers for Laboratory Research of Magnetic Reconnection Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Frontiers for Laboratory Research of Magnetic Reconnection Magnetic reconnection occcurs throughout heliophysical and astrophysical plasmas as well as in laboratory fusion plasmas. Two broad categories of reconnection models exist: collisional MHD and collisionless kinetic. Eight major questions with respect to magnetic connection are set down, and past and future devices for

  17. Opportunities at the Frontiers of Spintronics (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publisher's Accepted Manuscript: Opportunities at the Frontiers of Spintronics This content will become publicly available on October 4, 2016 Title: Opportunities at the Frontiers of Spintronics Authors: Hoffmann, Axel ; Bader, Sam D. Publication Date: 2015-10-05 OSTI Identifier: 1222852 Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Physical Review Applied Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019 Publisher: American Physical Society

  18. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fuels (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Scientific Successes * The first phonon density of states (PDOS) measurements for UO2 to include anharmonicity were obtained using time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), and an innovative, experimental-based

  19. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fuels (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Ă— You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and is provided as a public service. Visit OSTI to utilize

  20. Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science lectures Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures LANL researcher Nate McDowell will discuss climate change and its effects on forest systems. March 31, 2014 Nathan McDowell measures photosynthesis at the SUrvival MOrtality project (SUMO) drought experiments site. Nathan McDowell measures photosynthesis at the SUrvival MOrtality project (SUMO) drought experiments site. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email "The data

  1. Frontiers in Science lectures focus on imaging technology, world's

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fastest camera Frontiers in Science imaging technology talk Frontiers in Science lectures focus on imaging technology, world's fastest camera Scott Watson talks about the history of imaging technology and the new fields of high-speed photography and flash radiography. March 5, 2012 Scott Watson Scott Watson Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 5, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory research and development engineer Scott Watson talks

  2. Conference: Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Science: Remarks from Steve Chu at the Scientific Symposium Held in his Honor | ScienceCinema Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Energy Science: Remarks from Steve Chu at the Scientific Symposium Held in his Honor Citation Details Title: Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Energy Science: Remarks from Steve Chu at the Scientific Symposium Held in his Honor

  3. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fuels (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Scientific Successes * The first phonon density of states (PDOS) measurements for UO2 to include anharmonicity were obtained using time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), and an innovative,

  4. Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) | Department of Energy Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2014 (DE-FOA-0001027) February 4, 2014 - 1:47pm Addthis This funding opportunity is closed. The Building Technologies Office (BTO)'s Emerging Technologies Program has announced the availability of up to $14 million under the Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies (BENEFIT)

  5. Funding Opportunity Coming Soon: Buildings Energy Efficiency Frontiers &

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) 2016 | Department of Energy Opportunity Coming Soon: Buildings Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) 2016 Funding Opportunity Coming Soon: Buildings Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) 2016 September 21, 2015 - 2:35pm Addthis The Building Technologies Office (BTO) has issued a notice of intent to release a funding opportunity focusing on reducing the energy use of commercial and residential

  6. Road Tripping through the Geothermal Frontier | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Road Tripping through the Geothermal Frontier Road Tripping through the Geothermal Frontier Addthis Geothermal Well Head, Utah 1 of 5 Geothermal Well Head, Utah This geothermal well head is located near the University of Utah's FORGE candidate site. The area is already renewables-friendly, with a wind farm nearby. Image: Elisabet Metcalfe, EERE Snake River Plain, Idaho 2 of 5 Snake River Plain, Idaho The mountainous view captures INL's Snake River Plain candidate site which is located on the

  7. Intracluster light at the Frontier: A2744

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montes, Mireia; Trujillo, Ignacio

    2014-10-20

    The ultra-deep multiwavelength Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Fields coverage of the Abell Cluster 2744 is used to derive the stellar population properties of its intracluster light (ICL). The restframe colors of the ICL of this intermediate redshift (z = 0.3064) massive cluster are bluer (g – r = 0.68 ± 0.04; i – J = 0.56 ± 0.01) than those found in the stellar populations of its main galaxy members (g – r = 0.83 ± 0.01; i – J = 0.75 ± 0.01). Based on these colors, we derive the following mean metallicity Z = 0.018 ± 0.007 for the ICL. The ICL age is 6 ± 3 Gyr younger than the average age of the most massive galaxies of the cluster. The fraction of stellar mass in the ICL component comprises at least 6% of the total stellar mass of the galaxy cluster. Our data are consistent with a scenario where the bulk of the ICL of A2744 has been formed relatively recently (z < 1). The stellar population properties of the ICL suggest that this diffuse component is mainly the result of the disruption of infalling galaxies with similar characteristics in mass (M {sub *} ? 3 × 10{sup 10} M {sub ?}) and metallicity than our own Milky Way. The amount of ICL mass in the central part of the cluster (<400 kpc) is equivalent to the disruption of 4-6 Milky-Way-type galaxies.

  8. New opportunities at the frontiers of spintronics.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffmann, Axel; Bader, Sam D.

    2015-10-05

    The field of spintronics, or magnetic electronics, is maturing and giving rise to new subfields. These new directions involve the study of collective spin excitations and couplings of the spin system to additional degrees of freedom of a material, as well as metastable phenomena due to perturbations that drive the system far from equilibrium. The interactions lead to possibilities for future applications within the realm of energy-efficient information technologies. Examples discussed herein include research opportunities associated with (i) various spin-orbit couplings, such as spin Hall effects, (ii) couplings to the thermal bath of a system, such as in spin Seebeck effects, (iii) spin-spin couplings, such as via induced and interacting magnon excitations, and (iv) spin-photon couplings, such as in ultra-fast magnetization switching due to coherent photon pulses. These four basic frontier areas of research are giving rise to new applied disciplines known as spin-orbitronics, spin-caloritronics, magnonics, and spin-photonics, respectively. These topics are highlighted in order to stimulate interest in the new directions that spintronics research is taking, and to identify open issues to pursue.

  9. Reinventing the Accelerator for the High Energy Frontier

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rosenzweig, James [UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States

    2009-09-01

    The history of discovery in high-energy physics has been intimately connected with progress in methods of accelerating particles for the past 75 years. This remains true today, as the post-LHC era in particle physics will require significant innovation and investment in a superconducting linear collider. The choice of the linear collider as the next-generation discovery machine, and the selection of superconducting technology has rather suddenly thrown promising competing techniques -- such as very large hadron colliders, muon colliders, and high-field, high frequency linear colliders -- into the background. We discuss the state of such conventional options, and the likelihood of their eventual success. We then follow with a much longer view: a survey of a new, burgeoning frontier in high energy accelerators, where intense lasers, charged particle beams, and plasmas are all combined in a cross-disciplinary effort to reinvent the accelerator from its fundamental principles on up.

  10. Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S. DOE Office of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (SC) Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications History Contact BES Home 04.22.11 Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page April 22, 2011 :: The Office of Science announced the winners of the Energy Frontier Research Centers Video Contest External

  11. Photo of the Week: The Cosmic Frontier | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Cosmic Frontier Photo of the Week: The Cosmic Frontier March 7, 2014 - 4:10pm Addthis This week on Energy.gov, we’ve covered space and beyond -- from technologies at our National Labs that are working to prevent traffic jams in space, to infographics about collecting space-based solar power, to the real-world scientific counterparts to lightsabers. Throughout it all, we've featured experts at the Energy Department and National Labs who are contributing to the U.S. space program. This

  12. Fuels for the final frontier | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fuels for the final frontier Fuels for the final frontier Posted: December 8, 2014 - 4:51pm Y-12 Development's Roland Seals explains Y-12's infrared heating capabilities to NASA and DOE Office of Nuclear Energy officials. Photo by Brett Pate The NNSA Production Office at Y-12 struck an agreement earlier this year with NASA's Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio, to support the design of a small nuclear-powered reactor with potential to lead to small fission power reactors for future space

  13. Power System Extreme Event Detection: The VulnerabilityFrontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Pinar, Ali; Roy, Sandip

    2007-10-17

    In this work we apply graph theoretic tools to provide aclose bound on a frontier relating the number of line outages in a gridto the power disrupted by the outages. This frontier describes theboundary of a space relating the possible severity of a disturbance interms of power disruption, from zero to some maximum on the boundary, tothe number line outages involved in the event. We present the usefulnessof this analysis with a complete analysis of a 30 bus system, and presentresults for larger systems.

  14. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Light Matters Video The LMI-EFRC Video "Light Matters" was the winner of the "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" video contest for striking photography and visual impact.

  15. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Contact Secretary of Energy Steven Chu visits Caltech labs For more information or questions about the Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center, please email lmi-efrc@caltech.edu or call LMI Administrator Tiffany Kimoto at 626-395-1566.

  16. PNNL: Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center - Related Links Related Links Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis Members Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Illinois Yale University U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Sciences Energy Frontier Research Centers

  17. IGNITION AND FRONTIER SCIENCE ON THE NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moses, E

    2009-06-22

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world's largest and most powerful laser system for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and experiments studying high-energy-density (HED) science, is now operational at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The NIF construction Project was certified by the Department of Energy as complete on March 30, 2009. NIF, a 192-beam Nd-glass laser facility, will produce 1.8 MJ, 500 TW of light at the third-harmonic, ultraviolet light of 351 nm. On March 10, 2009, a total 192-beam energy of 1.1 MJ was demonstrated; this is approximately 30 times more energy than ever produced in an ICF laser system. The principal goal of NIF is to achieve ignition of a deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel capsule and provide access to HED physics regimes needed for experiments related to national security, fusion energy and for broader frontier scientific exploration. NIF experiments in support of indirect drive ignition will begin in FY2009. These first experiments represent the next phase of the National Ignition Campaign (NIC). The NIC is a 1.7 billion dollar national effort to achieve fusion ignition and is coordinated through a detailed execution plan that includes the science, technology, and equipment. Equipment required for ignition experiments include diagnostics, cryogenic target manipulator, and user optics. Participants in this effort include LLNL, General Atomics (GA), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Energetics (LLE). The primary goal for NIC is to have all of the equipment operational and integrated into the facility and be ready to begin a credible ignition campaign in 2010. With NIF now operational, the long-sought goal of achieving self-sustained nuclear fusion and energy gain in the laboratory is much closer to realization. Successful demonstration of ignition and net energy gain on NIF will be a major step towards demonstrating the feasibility of Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) and will likely focus the world's attention on the possibility of an ICF energy option. NIF experiments to demonstrate ignition and gain will use central-hot-spot (CHS) ignition, where a spherical fuel capsule is simultaneously compressed and ignited. The scientific basis for CHS has been intensively developed and has high probability of success. Achieving ignition with CHS will open the door for other advanced concepts, such as the use of high-yield pulses of visible wavelength rather than ultraviolet and Fast Ignition concepts. Moreover, NIF will have important scientific applications in such diverse fields as astrophysics, nuclear physics and materials science. The NIC will develop the full set of capabilities required to operate NIF as a major national and international user facility. A solicitation for NIF frontier science experiments to be conducted by the academic community is planned for summer 2009. This paper summarizes the design, performance, and status of NIF, experimental plans for NIC, and will present a brief discussion of the unparalleled opportunities to explore frontier basic science that will be available on the NIF.

  18. Geothermal heating facilities for Frontier Inn, Susanville, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-03-01

    The Frontier Inn, located in Susanville, California, is a 38 unit motel composed of six major sections (coffee shop, A frame units, apartments, back units, two story units and office). These sections were built over a number of years and exhibit widely varying types of construction. Space heating is provided by primarily electric resistance equipment with some propane use. Domestic hot water is provided primarily by propane with some electric resistance. The coffee shop uses fuel oil for both space and domestic hot water heating. The City of Susanville is currently in the process of installing a geothermal district heating system. Although the motel site is not located in the area of present construction activity, it is expected that the pipeline will be extended in the near future. This study examines the potential of retrofitting the existing heating facilities at the Frontier Inn to geothermal.

  19. Sandia's Frontier Observatory for Research In Geothermal Energy (FORGE)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phase 1 Proposals Were Both Successful Frontier Observatory for Research In Geothermal Energy (FORGE) Phase 1 Proposals Were Both Successful - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear

  20. How to Apply - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How to Apply How to Apply This is a competitive postdoctoral fellowship program for collaborative research between two or more Principal Investigators in the Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center. For a more complete description see the flyer. Instructions to Applicants: The first step is to identify one or more of the Center's Principal Investigators (PIs) as potential sponsor(s). The applicant should directly contact the potential co-sponsors. The applicant can propose a research project

  1. Frontiers In Science public lectures: Harvesting energy from air

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Harvesting energy from air lectures Frontiers In Science public lectures: Harvesting energy from air Includes a discussion on research that engineers are conducting to increase turbine power output and make them last longer. March 10, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new

  2. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Program Schedule Abstract Submission Hotel & Travel Register Event Photos Redefining the Limits of Photovoltaic Efficiency Sunday, July 29, 2012 California Institute of Technology Hameetman Auditorium at the Cahill Center [map] 8:30 am - 5:30 pm Co-organized by the Resnick Sustainability Institute and the Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) Energy Frontier Research Center this one-day workshop brings together leaders from industry, academia and

  3. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Program Hotel & Travel Presentations Event Photos Accelerating the Development of Earth-Abundant Thin-Film Photovoltaics Millikan Board Room [map] California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC), the Resnick Sustainability Institute, and the Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies (QESST) Energy Research Center (ERC) are offering a two-day workshop on Accelerating

  4. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) watch now The recorded presentations and panel discussion are now available for online viewing. The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center (LMI-EFRC) is excited to offer this free public webinar on Approaches to Ultrahigh Efficiency Solar Energy Conversion. The LMI-EFRC is made up of world leaders creating new optical materials and innovative photonic designs that engineer and control light-material interactions, with the goal of

  5. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) New approaches to full spectrum solar energy conversion California Institute of Technology Hall Auditorium, Gates-Thomas Laboratory [map] LIVE Internet Broadcast [watch recorded event online] [download flyer] watch now The recorded presentations and panel discussion are now available for online viewing. The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center (LMI-EFRC) is excited to offer this free public webinar on New Approaches to Full

  6. COLLOQUIUM: Frontiers in Plasma Science: A High Energy Density Perspective

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab January 13, 2016, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG AUDITORIUM COLLOQUIUM: Frontiers in Plasma Science: A High Energy Density Perspective Dr. Bruce A. Remington Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory The potential for ground-breaking research in plasma physics in high energy density (HED) regimes is compelling. The combination of HED facilities around the world spanning microjoules to megajoules, with time scales ranging from femtoseconds to microseconds enables

  7. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Refractive Index Design via Porous Etched Si as part of RG-3 research efforts (Chris Gladden, LBNL) The Scientific Vision of the "Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center" (LMI-EFRC) is to tailor the morphology, complex dielectric structure, and electronic properties of matter so as to sculpt the flow of sunlight and heat, enabling light conversion to electrical and chemical energy with unprecedented efficiency. The

  8. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) News lmi team Light Management in LSCs: A continuing collaboration between the Nuzzo and Alivisatos groups has demonstrated enhanced photon collection in luminescent solar concentrators, recently published in ACS photonics. [more] 02.05.16 lmi team Energy Performance on the Surface: LMI graduate researcher Nate Thomas publishes article in the January issue of the EFRC Newsletter Frontiers in Energy [more] 01.11.16 lmi team Alivisatos Awarded National Medal of Science The

  9. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) New approaches to full spectrum solar energy conversion California Institute of Technology Hall Auditorium, Gates-Thomas Laboratory [map] LIVE Internet Broadcast [download flyer] watch now The recorded presentations and panel discussion are now available for online viewing. The Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center (LMI-EFRC) is excited to offer this free public webinar on New Approaches to Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion.

  10. Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Innovation Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (BENEFIT) - 2015 Funding Opportunity Announcement | Department of Energy Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2015 Funding Opportunity Announcement Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) - 2015 Funding Opportunity Announcement October 8, 2014 - 11:14am Addthis This funding opportunity is closed. The Building Technologies Office (BTO)'s Emerging Technologies Program has announced the availability of nearly $8 million under the Building Energy

  11. Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) | U.S. DOE Office

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    of Science (SC) Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page EFree Header Director Russell Hemley Lead Institution Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Established 2009 Mission To accelerate the discovery and

  12. Informational Webinar: Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE) Funding Opportunity Announcement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled “Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE) Funding Opportunity Announcement Informational Webinar," focusing on the...

  13. Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Burns, Peter (Director, Materials Science of Actinides); MSA Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides' was submitted by the EFRC for Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. MSA is directed by Peter Burns at the University of Notre Dame, and is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  14. The Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Pope, Gary A. (Director, Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security); CFSES Staff

    2011-11-03

    'The Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)' was submitted to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CFSES is directed by Gary A. Pope at the University of Texas at Austin and partners with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  15. Symposium report on frontier applications of accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsa, Z.

    1993-09-28

    This report contains viewgraph material on the following topics: Electron-Positron Linear Colliders; Unconventional Colliders; Prospects for UVFEL; Accelerator Based Intense Spallation; Neutron Sources; and B Physics at Hadron Accelerators with RHIC as an Example.

  16. Productivity improvement by frontier horizontal drilling in Italy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schenato, A.

    1995-12-31

    Italian domestic activity on horizontal wells has been specially addressed to carbonate reservoir and specifically targeted to re-entry in existing wells. The speech will focus on the specific experience matured in frontier applications in Italy, from 1989 with the short radius drain holes in Sicily, throughout world record deep water short radius in the southern part of Adriatic sea and depth world record medium radius in a HP/HT reservoir in the Po Valley. Production results will be reported as well as the achieved technological aspects.

  17. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) EFRC Science in Ten Hundred and One Words The Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge invited the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. You can vote for your favorite entry from July 3-16, and the

  18. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) UIUC Workshop Acknowledgements To be included as an LMI-EFRC publication, paper acknowledgements must be carefully worded. Please use the following as a guideline in preparing the "Acknowledgements" section in your manuscripts that include the LMI-EFRC as a source of support. For work solely funded by the LMI-EFRC At minimum, please use this wording: "This work was supported by the DOE 'Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion' Energy Frontier

  19. DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    | Department of Energy $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE Awards $377 Million in Funding for 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers August 6, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - In a major effort to accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century energy economy, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced the delivery of $377 million in funding for 46 new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) located at

  20. DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers | U.S. DOE

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Office of Science (SC) to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications History Contact BES Home 09.30.13 DOE to Award $100 Million for Energy Frontier Research Centers Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page 09.30.13 :: U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced a proposed $100 million in FY2014 funding

  1. U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Forum | Department of Energy Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum March 4, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the first Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers Summit & Forum to be held on May 25-27, 2011, at the Renaissance Penn Quarter hotel in Washington D.C. The Summit will bring

  2. Two-Stroke Engines: New Frontier in Engine Efficiency | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Engines: New Frontier in Engine Efficiency Two-Stroke Engines: New Frontier in Engine Efficiency Companies are revisiting two-stroke engines in the hopes of finding a new frontier in engine efficiency without the additional cost. But, not all two-stroke engines are the same. PDF icon p-21_regner.pdf More Documents & Publications The Opposed-Piston Two-Stroke Engine Alternative: Performance and Emissions Results in a Medium-Duty Application Challenging Conventional Wisdom: A Clean

  3. SPECTROSCOPIC REDSHIFTS OF GALAXIES WITHIN THE FRONTIER FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebeling, Harald; Ma, Cheng-Jiun; Barrett, Elizabeth

    2014-04-01

    We present a catalog of 1921 spectroscopic redshifts measured in the fields of the massive galaxy clusters MACSJ0416.1–2403 (z = 0.397), MACSJ0717.5+3745 (z = 0.546), and MACSJ1149.5+2223 (z = 0.544), i.e., three of the four clusters selected by Space Telescope Science Institute as the targets of the Frontier Fields (FFs) initiative for studies of the distant Universe via gravitational lensing. Compiled in the course of the Massive Cluster Survey project (MACS) that detected the FF clusters, this catalog is provided to the community for three purposes: (1) to allow the identification of cluster members for studies of the galaxy population of these extreme systems, (2) to facilitate the removal of unlensed galaxies and thus reduce shear dilution in weak-lensing analyses, and (3) to improve the calibration of photometric redshifts based on both ground- and spacebased observations of the FF clusters.

  4. #SpaceWeek: Science on the Cosmic Frontier | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    energy and beyond. These are just a few of the stories we'll be sharing as we explore science on the cosmic frontier: Since the launch of the Transit 4A navigation satellite in...

  5. Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest | U.S...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest News News Home Featured Articles ... Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW ...

  6. PARC - Scientific Exchange Program (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Blankenship, Robert E. (Director, Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center); PARC Staff

    2011-11-03

    'PARC - Scientific Exchange Program' was submitted by the Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. PARC, an EFRC directed by Robert E. Blankenship at Washington University in St. Louis, is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  7. Electricity: The Energy of Tomorrow (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Abruna, Hector D. (Director, Energy Materials Center at Cornell); emc2 Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Electricity: the Energy of Tomorrow' was submitted by the Energy Materials Center at Cornell (emc2) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. emc2, an EFRC directed by Hector D. Abruna at Cornell University (lead) is a partnership between Cornell and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  8. Neutron stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science lectures Frontiers in Science lectures Neutron stars is focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in Science lectures Lectures are intended to increase local public awareness of the diversity of science and engineering research at the Laboratory. October 27, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy

  9. Quantum cryptography for security challenges to be topic of Frontiers in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science lectures Frontiers in Science lectures Quantum cryptography for security challenges to be topic of Frontiers in Science lectures Richard Hughes discusses the basics of cryptography and quantum physics. July 9, 2012 Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, July 9, 2012-Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) scientist Richard Hughes discusses the

  10. DOE to establish Energy Frontier Research Center at NREL - News Releases |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL DOE to establish Energy Frontier Research Center at NREL Center to study new solar materials by combining predictive theory with experiment May 27, 2009 The U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will be home to a new multi-million-dollar Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) established by the DOE Office of Science. NREL's Center for Inverse Design will pursue advanced scientific research on material discovery for energy. It is one of 46 Centers

  11. Frontiers in Science lectures focus on radiography and its contributions to

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    advancing science, medicine Frontiers in Science lectures Frontiers in Science lectures focus on radiography and its contributions to advancing science, medicine Christopher Morris explains how X-rays, protons, and naturally occurring cosmic rays can be used to see through opaque objects. August 21, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from

  12. Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineering" symposium Moody to participate in "Frontiers of Engineering" Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers of Engineering" symposium Engineers between 30 to 45 who are performing exceptional engineering research and technical work in a variety of disciplines attend the 2-1/2 day event. August 22, 2012 Nathan Moody Nathan Moody Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email Nathan Moody, specialist in

  13. Mapping the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frontier of New Wind Power Potential Mapping the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential February 18, 2015 - 11:40am Addthis This map shows wind potential capacity for turbine hub heights at 140 meters. This map shows wind potential capacity for turbine hub heights at 140 meters. Partnered with AWS Truepower, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Energy Department's Wind Program released maps in December 2014 that highlight the potential for wind energy development using more advanced

  14. EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Zhu, Xiaoyang (Director, Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials); CST Staff

    2011-11-03

    'EFRC:CST at the University of Texas at Austin - A DOE Energy Frontier Research Center' was submitted by the EFRC for Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (EFRC:CST) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFRC:CST is directed by Xiaoyang Zhu at the University of Texas at Austin in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  15. Frontiers of in situ electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Haimei; Zhu, Yimei; Meng, Shirley Ying

    2015-01-01

    In situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has become an increasingly important tool for materials characterization. It provides key information on the structural dynamics of a material during transformations and the correlation between structure and properties of materials. With the recent advances in instrumentation, including aberration corrected optics, sample environment control, the sample stage, and fast and sensitive data acquisition, in situ TEM characterization has become more and more powerful. In this article, a brief review of the current status and future opportunities of in situ TEM is included. It also provides an introduction to the six articles covered by in this issue of MRS Bulletin explore the frontiers of in situ electron microscopy, including liquid and gas environmental TEM, dynamic four-dimensional TEM, nanomechanics, ferroelectric domain switching studied by in situ TEM, and state-of-the-art atomic imaging of light elements (i.e., carbon atoms) and individual defects.

  16. On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source On the Frontiers of a New Energy Source May 2, 2012 - 3:59pm Addthis Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Building on this initial, small-scale test, the Department is launching a new research effort to conduct a long-term production test in the Arctic. Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What are the key facts? Methane hydrates

  17. Studying the high x frontier with A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment at the LHC

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Conference) | SciTech Connect Studying the high x frontier with A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment at the LHC Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Studying the high x frontier with A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment at the LHC Authors: Rakotozafindrabe, A. ; /IRFU, SPhN, Saclay ; Anselmino, M. ; Arnaldi, R. ; Scomparin, E. ; /Turin U. /INFN, Turin ; Brodsky, S.J. ; /SLAC ; Chambert, V. ; Didelez, J.P. ; Genolini, B. ; Hadjidakis, C. ; Lansberg, J.P. ; Lorce, C. ; Rosier, P. ; /Orsay, IPN ; Ferreiro,

  18. #SpaceWeek: Science on the Cosmic Frontier | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on the Cosmic Frontier #SpaceWeek: Science on the Cosmic Frontier March 3, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis Join us for a Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23LabChat&src=typd&f=realtime">#LabChat</a> on dark energy -- the theoretical force that is causing the universe to expand at an accelerating rate -- at 12 p.m. ET on Friday, March 7th. Submit your questions to <a href="https://twitter.com/energy">@energy</a> using <a

  19. Mapping the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential Mapping the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential December 10, 2014 - 6:03pm Addthis This map shows wind potential capacity for turbine hub heights at 140 meters. This map shows wind potential capacity for turbine hub heights at 140 meters. Brie Van Cleve Former Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach Manager, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office MORE ON THIS STORY Read the new Southeast Wind Energy Resource Center fact sheets to find out how these new

  20. Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

  1. UNC EFRC: Fuels from Sunlight (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Meyer, Thomas J. (Director, UNC EFRC: Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics); UNC EFRC Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Fuels from Sunlight' was submitted by the University of North Carolina (UNC) EFRC: Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. The UNC EFRC directed by Thomas J. Meyer is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: UNC (lead), Duke University, University of Florida, North Caroline Central University, North Carolina State University, and the Research Triangle Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics is 'to combine the best features of academic and translational research to study light/matter interactions and chemical processes for the efficient collection, transfer, and conversion of solar energy into chemical fuels and electricity.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, hydrocarbons, water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, fuel cells, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhosue gas, hydrogen (fuel), interfacial characterization, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

  2. Search for the ANSER (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wasielewski, Michael R. (Director, Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center); ANSER Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Search for the ANSER' was submitted by the Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center (ANSER) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. ANSER, an EFRC directed by Michael Wasielewski at Argonne National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Yale. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. At ANSER, the mission is 'to revolutionize our understanding of molecules, materials and methods necessary to create dramatically more efficient technologies for solar fuels and electricity production.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, transportation fuels, bio-inspired, spin dynamics, hydrogen (fuel), ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

  3. Enabling Energy Efficiency (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Coltrin, Mike (Acting Director, EFRC for Solid State Lighting Science); Simmons, Jerry; SSLS Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Enabling Energy Efficiency' was submitted by the EFRC for Solid-State Lighting Science (SSLS) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. SSLS is directed by Mike Coltrin (Acting) and Jerry Simmons at Sandia National Laboratories, and is a partnership of scientists from eight institutions: Sandia National Laboratories (lead); California Institute of Technology; Los Alamos National Laboratory; University of Massachusetts, Lowell; University of New Mexico; Northwestern University; Philips Lumileds Lighting; and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  4. Liquid Sunshine to Fuel Your Car (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Cosgrove, Daniel (Director, Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation); CLSF Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Liquid Sunshine to Fuel Your Car' was submitted by the Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation (CLSF) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CLSF is directed by Daniel Cosgrove at Pennsylvania State University and is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: Penn State (lead), North Caroline State University, and Virginia Tech University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation is 'to dramatically increase our fundamental knowledge of the formation and physical interactions of bio-polymer networks in plant cell walls to provide a basis for improved methods for converting biomass into fuels.' Research topics are: biofuels (biomass), membrane, interfacial characterization, matter by design, and self-assembly.

  5. Saving the Sun for a Rainy Day (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bullock, R. Morris (Director, Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis); CME Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Saving the Sun for a Rainy Day' was submitted by the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis (CME) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CME, an EFRC directed by R. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: PNNL (lead), Pensylvania State University, University of Washington, and the University of Wyoming. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis is 'to understand, design and develop molecular electrocatalysts for solar fuel production and use.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, fuel cells, hydrogen (fuel), matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and charge transport.

  6. Battle against Phonons (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chen, Gang (Director, Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center); S3TEC Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Battle against Phonons' was submitted by the Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion (S3TEC) EFRC to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for the special award, 'Best with Popcorn'. S3TEC, an EFRC directed by Gang Chen at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from four research institutions: MIT (lead), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Boston College, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Solid-State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion Center is 'to create novel, solid-state materials for the conversion of sunlight into electricity using thermal and photovoltaic processes.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, optics, solar thermal, thermoelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, defects, ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, defect tolerant materials, and scalable processing.

  7. CABS: Green Energy for Our Nation's Future (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jan Jaworski (Director, Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems); Sayre, Richard T. (previous Director); CABS Staff

    2011-11-03

    'CABS: Green Energy for our Nation's Future' was submitted by the Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems (CABS) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CABS, an EFRC directed by Jan Jaworski at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (lead), Michigan State University, the University of Nebraska, New Mexico Consortium/LANL, and Washington State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  8. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk by Carl Wieman

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wieman, Carl

    2011-04-13

    Carl Wieman presents a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  9. Frontiers: Research highlights 1946-1996 [50th Anniversary Edition. Argonne National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    This special edition of 'Frontiers' commemorates Argonne National Laboratory's 50th anniversary of service to science and society. America's first national laboratory, Argonne has been in the forefront of U.S. scientific and technological research from its beginning. Past accomplishments, current research, and future plans are highlighted.

  10. Frontiers: Research Highlights 1946-1996 [50th Anniversary Edition. Argonne National Laboratory

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    1996-01-01

    This special edition of 'Frontiers' commemorates Argonne National Laboratory's 50th anniversary of service to science and society. America's first national laboratory, Argonne has been in the forefront of U.S. scientific and technological research from its beginning. Past accomplishments, current research, and future plans are highlighted.

  11. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontier | MINERvA In this Section: Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Experiments at the Intensity Frontier ArgoNeuT MicroBooNE MINERvA MINOS NOvA LBNF/DUNE Cosmic Frontier Proposed Projects and Experiments MINERvA MINERvA Intensity Frontier MINERvA MINERvA is a neutrino-scattering experiment that uses the NuMI beamline at Fermilab to search for low-energy neutrino interactions. It is designed to study neutrino-nucleus interactions with unprecedented detail. The number of neutrinos that

  12. Light Matters (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Atwater, Harry (Director, Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI), California Institute of Technology); LMI Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Light Matters' was submitted by the Center for Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'striking photography and visual impact'. LMI, an EFRC directed by Harry Atwater at the California Institute of Technology is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: CalTech (lead), University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion is 'to tailor the morphology, complex dielectric structure, and electronic properties of matter to sculpt the flow of sunlight, enabling light conversion to electrical and chemical energy with unprecedented efficiency.' Research topics are: catalysis (imines hydrocarbons), solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, photonic, solid state lighting, metamaterial, optics, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, photsynthesis, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, and matter by design.

  13. Carbon in Underland (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    DePaolo, Donald J. (Director, Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2); NCGC Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Carbon in Underland' was submitted by the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. This video was selected as one of five winners by a distinguished panel of judges for its 'entertaining animation and engaging explanations of carbon sequestration'. NCGC, an EFRC directed by Donald J. DePaolo at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from seven institutions: LBNL (lead) Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of California, Davis, Ohio State University, and Washington University in St. Louis. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO{sub 2} is 'to use new investigative tools, combined with experiments and computer simulations, to build a fundamental understanding of molecular-to-pore-scale processes in fluid-rock systems, and to demonstrate the ability to control critical aspects of flow, transport, and mineralization in porous rock media as applied to geologic sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Research topics are: bio-inspired, CO{sub 2} (store), greenhouse gas, and interfacial characterization.

  14. The Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation is an Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    efrc.udel.edu The Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation is an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation GUEST SEMINAR SPEAKER February 17, 2016 12:30 PM  322 ISE Lab Susannah Scott Mellichamp Professor of Sustainable Catalytic Processing Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry University of California, Santa Barbara Biography: Scott received her B.Sc. in Chemistry

  15. Argonne OutLoud: JCESR Goes Beyond the Lithium Ion Frontier (Nov. 14, 2013)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | Argonne National Laboratory JCESR Goes Beyond the Lithium Ion Frontier (Nov. 14, 2013) Share At the end of November 2012, the U.S. Department of Energy announced that Argonne's Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) proposal - a consortium of 14 institutions including national labs, universities and private companies - was selected for a five-year, $120 million Energy Innovation Hub to develop next-generation batteries beyond lithium ion. This award opens a new horizon of energy

  16. Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center Post-Doctoral Position in Advanced Combustion Simulations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Frontier Research Center (CEFRC) seeks outstanding applicants for the position of post-doctoral research associate to perform research at Cornell University and Sandia National Laboratories on advanced simulations of turbulent combustion. This position is as a Combustion Energy Research Fellow, as described at http://pcl.princeton.edu/efrc/fellow_Flyer.html . The project involves two simulation methodologies: direct numerical simulation (DNS); and large-eddy simulation (LES) using the

  17. The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Mao, Ho-kwang (Director, Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments); EFree Staff

    2011-11-02

    'The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales ' was submitted by the Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFree is directed by Ho-kwang Mao at the Carnegie Institute of Washington and is a partnership of scientists from thirteen institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments is 'to accelerate the discovery and creation of energy-relevant materials using extreme pressures and temperatures.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO{sub 2}, water), photocatalysis, solid state lighting, optics, thermelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, fuel cells, superconductivity, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, spin dynamics, CO{sub 2} (capture, convert, store), greenhouse gas, hydrogen (fuel, storage), ultrafast physics, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

  18. ACCOUNTING FOR COSMIC VARIANCE IN STUDIES OF GRAVITATIONALLY LENSED HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES IN THE HUBBLE FRONTIER FIELD CLUSTERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, Brant E.; Stark, Dan P.; Ellis, Richard S.; Dunlop, James S.; McLure, Ross J.; McLeod, Derek

    2014-12-01

    Strong gravitational lensing provides a powerful means for studying faint galaxies in the distant universe. By magnifying the apparent brightness of background sources, massive clusters enable the detection of galaxies fainter than the usual sensitivity limit for blank fields. However, this gain in effective sensitivity comes at the cost of a reduced survey volume and, in this Letter, we demonstrate that there is an associated increase in the cosmic variance uncertainty. As an example, we show that the cosmic variance uncertainty of the high-redshift population viewed through the Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Field cluster Abell 2744 increases from ?35% at redshift z ? 7 to ? 65% at z ? 10. Previous studies of high-redshift galaxies identified in the Frontier Fields have underestimated the cosmic variance uncertainty that will affect the ultimate constraints on both the faint-end slope of the high-redshift luminosity function and the cosmic star formation rate density, key goals of the Frontier Field program.

  19. CRSP Named to DOE Funded Energy Frontier Research Center - News Releases |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL CRSP Named to DOE Funded Energy Frontier Research Center June 4, 2009 The Center for Revolutionary Solar Photoconversion (CRSP) will play an integral role in a new federally-funded effort to develop revolutionary solar cell designs at the nanoscale. The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the lead organization of CRSP, and will partner with Los Alamos National Laboratory and share in a $19 million grant over five years by the U.S. Department of

  20. Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, R. C.; Katsouleas, T.; Arons, J.; Baring, M.; Deeney, C.; Di Mauro, L.; Ditmire, T.; Falcone, R.; Hammer, D.; Hill, W.; Jacak, B.; Joshi, C.; Lamb, F.; Lee, R.; Logan, B. G.; Melissinos, A.; Meyerhofer, D.; Mori, W.; Murnane, M.; Remington, B.; Rosner, R.; Schneider, D.; Silvera, I.; Stone, J.; Wilde, B.; Zajc. W.

    2004-07-20

    The report is intended to identify the compelling research opportunities of high intellectual value in high energy density physics. The opportunities for discovery include the broad scope of this highly interdisciplinary field that spans a wide range of physics areas including plasma physics, laser and particle beam physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, materials science and condensed matter physics, intense radiation-matter interaction physics, fluid dynamics, and magnetohydrodynamics

  1. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk from Leo Holberg and Allen Mills

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Holberg, Leo; Mills, Allen [NIST

    2011-04-28

    Leo Holberg and Allen Mills present a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  2. "Frontiers in Bioenergy Symposium" co-hosted by C3Bio and IACT | U.S. DOE

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Office of Science (SC) Frontiers in Bioenergy Symposium" co-hosted by C3Bio and IACT Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications History Contact BES Home 05.19.10 "Frontiers in Bioenergy Symposium" co-hosted by C3Bio and IACT Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page May 24-25, 2010 :: The Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels

  3. The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

    2013-09-01

    The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

  4. Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes at LANL (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Michael Nastasi (Director, Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes); CMIME Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes (CMIME) at LANL' was submitted by CMIME to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMIME, an EFRC directed by Michael Nastasi at Los Alamos National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: LANL (lead), Carnegia Mellon University, the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  5. The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Allen, Todd (Director, Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel); CMSNF Staff

    2011-11-02

    'The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)' was submitted by the CMSNF to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMSNF, an EFRC directed by Todd Allen at the Idaho National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: INL (lead), Colorado School of Mines, University of Florida, Florida State University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the University of Wisconsin at Madison. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels is 'to achieve a first-principles based understanding of the effect of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels.' Research topics are: phonons, thermal conductivity, nuclear, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, and matter by design.

  6. Autonomic Materials for Smarter, Safer, Longer-Lasting Batteries (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thackeray, Michael (Director, Center for Electrical Energy Storage); CEES Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Autonomic Materials for Smarter, Safer, Longer-Lasting Batteries' was submitted by the Center for Electrical Energy Storage (CEES) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CEES, an EFRC directed by Michael Thackery at Argonne National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from three institutions: ANL (lead), Northwestern University, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Electrical Energy Storage is 'to acquire a fundamental understanding of interfacial phenomena controlling electrochemical processes that will enable dramatic improvements in the properties and performance of energy storage devices, notable Li ion batteries.' Research topics are: electrical energy storage, batteries, battery electrodes, electrolytes, adaptive materials, interfacial characterization, matter by design; novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and defect tolerant materials.

  7. Solar Cells from Plastics? Mission Possible at the PHaSE Energy Research Center, UMass Amherst (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Russell, Thomas P; Lahti, Paul M. (PHaSE - Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy); PHaSE Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Solar Cells from Plastics? Mission Possible at the PHaSE Energy Research Center, UMass Amherst' was submitted by the Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy (PHaSE) EFRC to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. PHaSE, an EFRC co-directed by Thomas P. Russell and Paul M. Lahti at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: UMass (lead), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pennyslvania State University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and the University of Pittsburgh. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  8. Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bowers, John (Director, Center for Energy Efficient Materials ); CEEM Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Undergraduate Research at the Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)' was submitted by CEEM to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CEEM, an EFRC directed by John Bowers at the University of California, Santa Barbara is a partnership of scientists from four institutions: UC, Santa Barbara (lead), UC, Santa Cruz, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Energy Efficient Materials is 'to discover and develop materials that control the interactions between light, electricity, and heat at the nanoscale for improved solar energy conversion, solid-state lighting, and conversion of heat into electricity.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, solid state lighting, optics, thermoelectric, bio-inspired, electrical energy storage, batteries, battery electrodes, novel materials synthesis, and scalable processing.

  9. Moving from Petroleum to Plants to Energize our World (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    McCann, Maureen (Director, Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels); C3Bio Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Moving from Petroleum to Plants to Energize our World' was submitted by the Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. C3Bio, an EFRC directed by Maureen McCann at Purdue University is a partnership between five institutions: Purdue (lead), Argonne National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Northeastern University, and the University of Tennessee. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  10. Solar Energy Prospecting in Remote Alaska: An Economic Analysis of Solar Photovoltaics in the Last Frontier State

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Solar Energy Prospecting in Remote Alaska An Economic Analysis of Solar Photovoltaics in the Last Frontier State by Paul Schwabe, National Renewable Energy Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy | Office of Indian Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW, Washington DC 20585 | 202-586-1272 energy.gov/indianenergy | indianenergy@hq.doe.gov Solar Energy Prospecting in Remote Alaska ii NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the

  11. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontier NuMI Horn 1 at MI8. NuMI Horn 1 at MI8. Intensity Frontier Particle physics experiments at the Intensity Frontier explore fundamental particles and forces of nature using intense particle beams and highly sensitive detectors. One of the ways that researchers search for signals of new physics is to observe rarely interacting particles, such as neutrinos, and their corresponding antimatter particles. Some of these experiments search for evidence of the process theorists hypothesize

  12. The Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport (FIRST) EFRC (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wesolowski, David J. (Director, FIRST - Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures, and Transport Center); FIRST Staff

    2011-11-02

    'The Fluid Interface Reactions Structures and Transport (FIRST) EFRC' was submitted by FIRST to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. FIRST, an EFRC directed by David J. Wesolowski at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from nine institutions: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead), Argonne National Laboratory, Drexel University, Georgia State University, Northwestern University, Pennsylvania State University, Suffolk University, Vanderbilt University, and University of Virginia. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center is 'to develop quantitative and predictive models of the unique nanoscale environment at fluid-solid interfaces that will enable transformational advances in electrical energy storage and heterogeneous catalysis for solar fuels.' Research topics are: catalysis (biomass, CO{sub 2}, water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar fuels, solar electrodes, electrical energy storage, batteries, capacitors, battery electrodes, electrolytes, extreme environment, CO{sub 2} (convert), greenhouse gas, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and charge transport.

  13. NON-EQUILIBRIUM DYNAMICS OF MANY-BODY QUANTUM SYSTEMS: FUNDAMENTALS AND NEW FRONTIER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeMille, David; LeHur, Karyn

    2013-11-27

    Rapid progress in nanotechnology and naofabrication techniques has ushered in a new era of quantum transport experiments. This has in turn heightened the interest in theoretical understanding of nonequilibrium dynamics of strongly correlated quantum systems. This project has advanced the frontiers of understanding in this area along several fronts. For example, we showed that under certain conditions, quantum impurities out of equilibrium can be reformulated in terms of an effective equilibrium theory; this makes it possible to use the gamut of tools available for quantum systems in equilibrium. On a different front, we demonstrated that the elastic power of a transmitted microwave photon in circuit QED systems can exhibit a many-body Kondo resonance. We also showed that under many circumstances, bipartite fluctuations of particle number provide an effective tool for studying many-body physics—particularly the entanglement properties of a many-body system. This implies that it should be possible to measure many-body entanglement in relatively simple and tractable quantum systems. In addition, we studied charge relaxation in quantum RC circuits with a large number of conducting channels, and elucidated its relation to Kondo models in various regimes. We also extended our earlier work on the dynamics of driven and dissipative quantum spin-boson impurity systems, deriving a new formalism that makes it possible to compute the full spin density matrix and spin-spin correlation functions beyond the weak coupling limit. Finally, we provided a comprehensive analysis of the nonequilibrium transport near a quantum phase transition in the case of a spinless dissipative resonant-level model. This project supported the research of two Ph.D. students and two postdoctoral researchers, whose training will allow them to further advance the field in coming years.

  14. Probing the z > 6 universe with the first Hubble frontier fields cluster A2744

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atek, Hakim; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Richard, Johan; Clement, Benjamin; Egami, Eiichi; Ebeling, Harald; Jauzac, Mathilde; Jullo, Eric; Limousin, Marceau; Laporte, Nicolas; Natarajan, Priyamvada

    2014-05-01

    The Hubble Frontier Fields program combines the capabilities of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) with the gravitational lensing of massive galaxy clusters to probe the distant universe to an unprecedented depth. Here, we present the results of the first combined HST and Spitzer observations of the cluster A-2744. We combine the full near-infrared data with ancillary optical images to search for gravitationally lensed high-redshift (z ? 6) galaxies. We report the detection of 15 I {sub 814} dropout candidates at z ? 6-7 and one Y {sub 105} dropout at z ? 8 in a total survey area of 1.43 arcmin{sup 2} in the source plane. The predictions of our lens model also allow us to identify five multiply imaged systems lying at redshifts between z ? 6 and z ? 8. Thanks to constraints from the mass distribution in the cluster, we were able to estimate the effective survey volume corrected for completeness and magnification effects. This was in turn used to estimate the rest-frame ultraviolet luminosity function (LF) at z ? 6-8. Our LF results are generally in agreement with the most recent blank field estimates, confirming the feasibility of surveys through lensing clusters. Although based on a shallower observations than what will be achieved in the final data set including the full Advanced Camera for Survey observations, the LF presented here goes down to M {sub UV} ?–18.5, corresponding to 0.2L {sup *} at z ? 7 with one identified object at M {sub UV} ?–15 thanks to the highly magnified survey areas. This early study forecasts the power of using massive galaxy clusters as cosmic telescopes and its complementarity to blank fields.

  15. Energy Frontier Research Centers: A View from Senior EFRC Representatives (2011 EFRC Summit, panel session)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Drell, Persis (SLAC); Armstrong, Neal (University of Arizona); Carter, Emily (Princeton University); DePaolo, Don (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); Gunnoe, Brent (University of Virginia)

    2012-03-16

    A distinguished panel of scientists from the EFRC community provide their perspective on the importance of EFRCs for addressing critical energy needs at the 2011 EFRC Summit. Persis Drell, Director at SLAC, served as moderator. Panel members are Neal Armstrong (Director of the Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials, led by the University of Arizona), Emily Carter (Co-Director of the Combustion EFRC, led by Princeton University. She is also Team Leader of the Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center, led by the University of South Caroline), Don DePaolo (Director of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2, led by LBNL), and Brent Gunnoe (Director of the Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization, led by the University of Virginia). The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  16. Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven (DOE Secretary of Energy)

    2012-03-14

    Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to "unleash America's science and research community" to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  17. Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs): A Response to Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination (2011 EFRC Summit, panel session)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Alivisatos, Paul (Director, LBNL); Crabtree, George (ANL); Dresselhaus, Mildred (MIT); Ratner, Mark (Northwestern University)

    2012-03-14

    A distinguished panel of speakers at the 2011 EFRC Summit looks at the EFRC Program and how it serves as a response to "Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination?, the culminating report that arose from a series of Basic Research Needs workshops. The panel members are Paul Alivisatos, the Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, George Crabtree, Distinguished Fellow at Argonne National Laboratory, Mildred Dresselhause, Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Mark Ratner, Professor at Northwestern University. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  18. High performance computing and communications: Advancing the frontiers of information technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-31

    This report, which supplements the President`s Fiscal Year 1997 Budget, describes the interagency High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Program. The HPCC Program will celebrate its fifth anniversary in October 1996 with an impressive array of accomplishments to its credit. Over its five-year history, the HPCC Program has focused on developing high performance computing and communications technologies that can be applied to computation-intensive applications. Major highlights for FY 1996: (1) High performance computing systems enable practical solutions to complex problems with accuracies not possible five years ago; (2) HPCC-funded research in very large scale networking techniques has been instrumental in the evolution of the Internet, which continues exponential growth in size, speed, and availability of information; (3) The combination of hardware capability measured in gigaflop/s, networking technology measured in gigabit/s, and new computational science techniques for modeling phenomena has demonstrated that very large scale accurate scientific calculations can be executed across heterogeneous parallel processing systems located thousands of miles apart; (4) Federal investments in HPCC software R and D support researchers who pioneered the development of parallel languages and compilers, high performance mathematical, engineering, and scientific libraries, and software tools--technologies that allow scientists to use powerful parallel systems to focus on Federal agency mission applications; and (5) HPCC support for virtual environments has enabled the development of immersive technologies, where researchers can explore and manipulate multi-dimensional scientific and engineering problems. Educational programs fostered by the HPCC Program have brought into classrooms new science and engineering curricula designed to teach computational science. This document contains a small sample of the significant HPCC Program accomplishments in FY 1996.

  19. 4_scienceFrontiers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  20. Mascoma: Frontier Biorefinery Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This project involves the construction and operation of a biorefinery that produces ethanol and other co-products from cellulosic materials through advanced consolidated bioprocessing.

  1. Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a pore, the impact of mineral surfaces on bacterial survival, and the influence of biofilm formation on the movement of CO 2 . In addition, they collected field data that...

  2. Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Centers Science for our Nation's Energy Future US Department of Energy Office of Science www.energyfrontier.us 43 ABOVE: CFSES addresses safe, secure and economical underground storage of CO2 by integrating multiple scientific disciplines to understand the various processes occurring from molecular to field scales. TOP: CFSES combines experimental data (top left) with state-of-the-art simulations (top right) to create tools that will help determine what will happen when CO2 is injected

  3. Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear

  4. Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    opportunistically available to other VOs. Thus we can see that the LHC experiments, the Open Science Grid and the US LHC users are all interdependent on each other for their...

  5. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontier | MINOS The MINOS Far Detector in the Soudan Mine. The MINOS Far Detector in the Soudan Mine. Intensity Frontier MINOS The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search experiment is a long-baseline neutrino experiment designed to observe the phenomena of neutrino oscillations. MINOS uses two detectors, one located at the source of the neutrinos at Fermilab and the other located 450 miles away in northern Minnesota at the Soudan Mine. Beginning in February, 2005, researchers began

  6. NEW CONSTRAINTS ON THE FAINT END OF THE UV LUMINOSITY FUNCTION AT z ? 7-8 USING THE GRAVITATIONAL LENSING OF THE HUBBLE FRONTIER FIELDS CLUSTER A2744

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atek, Hakim; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Richard, Johan; Clement, Benjamin; Jauzac, Mathilde; Schaerer, Daniel; Limousin, Marceau; Jullo, Eric; Natarajan, Priyamvada; Egami, Eiichi; Ebeling, Harald

    2015-02-10

    Exploiting the power of gravitational lensing, the Hubble Frontier Fields (HFF) program aims at observing six massive galaxy clusters to explore the distant universe far beyond the limits of blank field surveys. Using the complete Hubble Space Telescope observations of the first HFF cluster A2744, we report the detection of 50 galaxy candidates at z ? 7 and eight candidates at z ? 8 in a total survey area of 0.96 arcmin{sup 2} in the source plane. Three of these galaxies are multiply imaged by the lensing cluster. Using an updated model of the mass distribution in the cluster we were able to calculate the magnification factor and the effective survey volume for each galaxy in order to compute the ultraviolet galaxy luminosity function (LF) at both redshifts 7 and 8. Our new measurements reliably extend the z ? 7 UV LF down to an absolute magnitude of M {sub UV} ? –15.5. We find a characteristic magnitude of M{sub UV}{sup ?}=?20.90{sub ?0.73}{sup +0.90} mag and a faint-end slope ?=?2.01{sub ?0.28}{sup +0.20}, close to previous determinations in blank fields. We show here for the first time that this slope remains steep down to very faint luminosities of 0.01 L {sup *}. Although prone to large uncertainties, our results at z ? 8 also seem to confirm a steep faint-end slope below 0.1 L {sup *}. The HFF program is therefore providing an extremely efficient way to study the faintest galaxy populations at z > 7 that would otherwise be inaccessible with current instrumentation. The full sample of six galaxy clusters will provide even better constraints on the buildup of galaxies at early epochs and their contribution to cosmic reionization.

  7. Frontiers of Plant Cell Biology: Signals and Pathways, System-Based Approaches 22nd Symposium in Plant Biology (University of California-Riverside)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minorsky, Peter V.

    2003-06-01

    The symposium ''Frontiers of Plant Cell Biology: Signals and Pathways, Systems-Based Approaches'' was held January 15-18, 2003 at the Riverside Convention Center in Riverside, California. The host organization for the symposium was the Center for Plant Cell Biology (CEPCEB) at the University of California, Riverside (UCR). The meeting, focusing on systems-based approaches to plant cell biology research, was the first of this kind in the field of plant biology. The speakers and nearly 100 posters placed emphasis on recent developments in plant cellular biology and molecular genetics, particularly those employing emerging genomic tools, thereby sharing the most current knowledge in the field and stimulating future advances. In attendance were many well-established scientists and young investigators who approach plant cell biology from different but complementary conceptual and technical perspectives. Indeed, many disciplines are converging in the field of cell biology, producing synergies that will enable plant scientists to determine the function of gene products in the context of living cells in whole organisms. New, cross-disciplinary collaborations, as well as the involvement of computer scientists and chemists in plant biology research, are likely additional outcomes of the symposium. The program included 39 invited session speakers and workshop/panel speakers. Sessions were convened on the following themes: Cell-Cell Communication; Protein Trafficking; Cell Surface, Extracellular Matrix and Cell Wall; Signal Transduction; Signal Transduction and Proteosome; and Systems-Based Approaches to Plant Cell Biology. Workshops on Chemical Genetics and Visual Microscopy were also presented. Abstracts from each of the speaker presentations, as well as the posters presented at the meeting were published in a program booklet given to the 239 faculty members, researchers, postdoctoral scientists and graduate students in attendance. The booklet thus serves as a reference for symposium attendees to locate additional information about a topic of their particular interest and to contact other investigators. In addition, an article reviewing the symposium by science writer Peter V. Minorsky appeared in the June 2003 issue of Plant Physiology, a special issue devoted to systems-based approaches in the study of the model plant Arabidopsis (article submitted as part of this Final Technical Report).

  8. Frontier Associates | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Texas Hwy Place: Austin, Texas Zip: 78746 Region: Texas Area Sector: Efficiency Product: Design, evaluation and implementation of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and...

  9. Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and oxidation of fuels depends heavily on experimental data that are determined in either zero- or one-dimensional configurations. The advantage is that testing models can be done...

  10. Energy Frontier Research Center Events

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    science.energy.govbesefrcnews-and-eventsefrc-eventsbuilding-the-dye-sensitized-solar-fuel-device-conference "Building the Dye-Sensitized Solar Fuel Device" Conference...

  11. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  12. Publications | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    strengthening in the heat-affected zone of a blast-resistant naval steel 2010 X. Yu J. Caron S. S. Babu J. C. Lippold D. Isheim D. N. Seidman Characterization of thermoelectric...

  13. Frontiers of particle beam physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sessler, A.M.

    1989-11-01

    First, a review is given of various highly-developed techniques for particle handling which are, nevertheless, being vigorously advanced at the present time. These include soft superconductor radio frequency cavities, hard superconductor magnets, cooling rings for ions and anti-protons, and damping rings for electrons. Second, attention is focused upon novel devices for particle generation, acceleration, and focusing. These include relativistic klystrons and free electron laser power sources, binary power multipliers, photocathodes, switched-power linacs, plasma beat-wave accelerators, plasma wake-field accelerators, plasma lenses, plasma adiabatic focusers and plasma compensators. 12 refs.

  14. Energy Frontier Research Center News

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    a>, was supported in part by the Solid-State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC), an EFRC led by Gang Chen at MIT.

    ...

  15. Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Post-Doctoral Position in Direct Numerical Simulations of Low-Dimensional Reacting Flows The Combustion EFRC seeks outstanding applicants for the position of post-doctoral research associate to perform research at the University of Southern California and the Sandia National Laboratories on multi-dimensional simulations of a number of experimental configurations. The development of detailed kinetic models describing the pyrolysis and oxidation of fuels depends heavily on experimental data that

  16. News | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News Home Full Updated List of Publications Now Available Online! The full publication list of the RMSSEC EFRC is avaialble online at the follwoing DOE website. This list is frequently updated and will provide users with the latest information on Center publications. http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/publications/ New ZT record set by RMSSEC researchers - appears in Nature magazine RMSSEC researchers have once again set a new recored in terms of thermoelectric performance of a material. In work

  17. Research | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Home Below are images. Click on the image to see a larger view. Nanostructural Bulk Chalcogenides TEM image High resolution TEM image showing spinodally decomposed regions in PbTe-16%PbS. TEM image TEM images showing dispersed nanoparticles in samples of: (A) PbTe-Sb(2%) (B) PbTe-Sb(4%) (C) PbTe-Sb(8%) and (D) PbTe-Sb(16%). A pulsed-laser enhanced 3-D LEAP tomograph involves replacing electric pulses with picosecond laser pulses, indicated by incident red wave in left-hand figure.

  18. Resources | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resources Home Click here to visit the Department of Energy, EFRC Website

  19. Publications | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    B. Hackens J. P. Minet S. Faniel G. Farhi C. Gustin J. P. Issi J. P. Heremans V. Bayot Sol-gel-derived Epitaxial Nanocomposite Thin Films with Large Sharp Magnetoelectric Effect...

  20. Publications | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J. R. Sootsman J. He V. P. Dravid S. Ballikaya D. Vermeulen C. Uher M. G. Kanatzidis Sol-gel-derived Epitaxial Nanocomposite Thin Films with Large Sharp Magnetoelectric Effect...

  1. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Intensity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontier | ArgoNeuT ArgoNeuT ArgoNeut detector at Proton Assembly Building Intensity Frontier ArgoNeuT The Argon Neutrino Teststand or ArgoNeuT detector, nicknamed for Jason and the Argonauts of Greek mythology, is a liquid argon neutrino detector at Fermilab. Argon is a noble, non-toxic element that in its gaseous form constitutes about 1 percent of air. It exists as a colorless liquid only in the narrow temperature range of minus 186 to minus 189 degrees Celsius. Neutrinos passing through

  2. PNNLs Data Intensive Computing research battles Homeland Security threats

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    David Thurman; Joe Kielman; Katherine Wolf; David Atkinson

    2012-12-31

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys (PNNL's) approach to data intensive computing (DIC) is focused on three key research areas: hybrid hardware architecture, software architectures, and analytic algorithms. Advancements in these areas will help to address, and solve, DIC issues associated with capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding, in near real time, data at volumes and rates that push the frontiers of current technologies.

  3. PNNL pushing scientific discovery through data intensive computing breakthroughs

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Deborah Gracio; David Koppenaal; Ruby Leung

    2012-12-31

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys approach to data intensive computing (DIC) is focused on three key research areas: hybrid hardware architectures, software architectures, and analytic algorithms. Advancements in these areas will help to address, and solve, DIC issues associated with capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding, in near real time, data at volumes and rates that push the frontiers of current technologies.

  4. Connecting Accelerator RD to User Needs | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier ...

  5. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Accelerator & Detector Physics Computing CMS Detector Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Works in Progress Energy Frontier Large Hadron Collider The LHC at CERN, the European ...

  6. Engineering Strength, Porosity, and Emission Intensity of Nanostructured

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CdSe Networks by Altering the Building-Block Shape | Energy Frontier Research Centers Engineering Strength, Porosity, and Emission Intensity of Nanostructured CdSe Networks by Altering the Building-Block Shape Home Author: H. Yu, R. Bellair, R. M. Kannan, S. L. Brock Year: 2008 Abstract: The effect of primary particle shape on the porosity, mechanical strength, and luminescence intensity of metal chalcogenide aerogels was probed by comparison of CdSe aerogels prepared from spherical and

  7. Publications - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Major Lectures & Conference Papers 2010-2011 Publications & Lectures Annual Reports Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home News, Events &...

  8. Payment Options - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Payment Options Payment Options Payment by Check: Pay To: The Trustees of Princeton University Mail Checks To: Princeton University Attn: Lilian Tsang EQUAD D334 Olden Street...

  9. Annual Reports - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Annual Reports Annual Reports 2011 Annual Report -Technical Summary (Apr, 2011) Book of Abstracts, Second Annual Conference of the CEFRC, Princeton, NJ (Aug, 2011) State of the...

  10. Useful Links - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAQ Useful Links Useful Links Detailed campus map with CEFRC summer school buildings highlighted (NEW) Schedule of Events (NEW) Campus Map with CEFRC-specific buildings...

  11. Past Sessions - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home 2015 Combustion Summer School Past Sessions Past Sessions 2015 Session 2014 Session 2013 Session...

  12. 2011 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Combustion Laser Diagnostics, delivered by Professor Marcus Aldn of Lund University, Sweden. Course Descriptions Lecturers Lecture Notes Lecture Videos on Princeton University...

  13. Frontiers of NMR in Molecular Biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-08-25

    NMR spectroscopy is expanding the horizons of structural biology by determining the structures and describing the dynamics of blobular proteins in aqueous solution, as well as other classes of proteins including membrane proteins and the polypeptides that form the aggregates diagnostic of prion and amyloid diseases. Significant results are also emerging on DNA and RNA oligomers and their complexes with proteins. This meeting focused attention on key structural questions emanating from molecular biology and how NMR spectroscopy can be used to answer them.

  14. Buildings Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovation Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Topic AreasTechnical Areas of Interest INNOVATIONS Section: * Topic 1: Open Topic for Energy Efficiency Solutions for Residential and Commercial Buildings Within this topic, the ...

  15. Strategic Roadmap 2024: Powering the Energy Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-01

    Strategic Roadmap 2024 applies our historic mission to the dynamic and evolving industry environment that includes myriad new regulations, the growing presence of interruptible and intermittent generation resources and constraints on our hydro resources. It also ties together Western’s strategy, initiatives, capital budgets and annual targets to move the agency in one direction, continue to meet customer needs and provide the best value as an organization.

  16. Parking - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Parking Parking Where will I park my car? Parking is in Lot 32 http://www.princeton.edu/transportation/Parking_Lots.pdf From Washington Road: Follow Faculty Road west (turning left if coming from Route 1; right if coming from Nassau Street) to the traffic circle. Go a quarter of the way around the circle, and turn right onto Elm Drive. At the next traffic circle, go three quarters of the way around and follow the signs to Lot 32. DO NOT PARK IN THE GARAGE ON THE RIGHT, you will be ticketed.

  17. Other Matters - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    109); no coins necessary. Top What kind of internet access is there? Should I bring my laptop? Wi-Fi is free for a guest's first seven days on campus; lecture notes will be...

  18. Frontiers for Laboratory Research of Magnetic Reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ji, Hantao; Guo, Fan

    2015-07-16

    Magnetic reconnection occcurs throughout heliophysical and astrophysical plasmas as well as in laboratory fusion plasmas. Two broad categories of reconnection models exist: collisional MHD and collisionless kinetic. Eight major questions with respect to magnetic connection are set down, and past and future devices for studying them in the laboratory are described. Results of some computerized simulations are compared with experiments.

  19. Breakout Session: Disruptive Solar Technologies: Frontiers in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PV and CSP landscape today hold the potential to greatly impact the future of solar energy conversion. This session will highlight new techniques, processes, materials, and...

  20. Probing lepton number violation on three frontiers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deppisch, Frank F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)

    2013-12-30

    Neutrinoless double beta decay constitutes the main probe for lepton number violation at low energies, motivated by the expected Majorana nature of the light but massive neutrinos. On the other hand, the theoretical interpretation of the (non-)observation of this process is not straightforward as the Majorana neutrinos can destructively interfere in their contribution and many other New Physics mechanisms can additionally mediate the process. We here highlight the potential of combining neutrinoless double beta decay with searches for Tritium decay, cosmological observations and LHC physics to improve the quantitative insight into the neutrino properties and to unravel potential sources of lepton number violation.

  1. Frontiers of Chemistry for Americium and Curium

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Keller, O. L. Jr.

    1984-01-00

    The discoveries of americium and curium were made only after Seaborg had formulated his actinide concept in order to design the chemistry needed to separate them from irradiated /sup 239/Pu targets. Their discoveries thus furnished the first clear-cut evidence that the series exists and justified Seaborg`s bold assumption that even though Th and Pa appeared to presage a following 6d series, the pattern established by the periodic table after Cs and Ba would be repeated exactly after Fr and Ra. That is to say, a new 5f element rare earth series (the actinides) would follow Ac in the same way the 4f rare earth series (the lanthanides) follows La. The consequences of the resulting half-filled 5f/sup 7/ shell at Cm were originally presented by Seaborg as a test of his hypothesis. Recent research is outlined that substantiates Seaborg`s predictions in new and definitive ways.

  2. Energy Frontier Research Centers - Technical Summaries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lahti, University of Massachusetts Amherst ... 47 Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) Peter F. Green, University of Michigan ......

  3. Frontier Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 6804 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You...

  4. Energy Conversion, an Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Director's Letter .................. 2 Research ............................. 3 Seminar Series ................. 11 Awards .............................. 12 S p r I N g 2 0 1 1 Intermediate Band Solar Energy Conversion in ZnTe:O and ZnTe/ZnSe Affordable photovoltaic solar cells are highly desirable for achieving a sustainable and renewable energy source. In order for solar energy to become cost-competitive with fossil fuels, technological breakthroughs are needed to both improve solar cell

  5. Events - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2011 2nd Annual CEFRC Conference 2011 EFRC Summit & Forum 2010 1st Annual CEFRC Conference CEFRC Newsletters Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home » News, Events & Publications » Events Events 2011 Second Annual Conference, CEFRC, Aug 17-19, 2011, Princeton, NJ 2011 EFRC Summit & Forum, May 25-27, 2011 Washington, D.C. 2010 First Annual Conference, CEFRC, Sept 23-24, 2010, Princeton, NJ Enoch Dames, " Soot Formation in Fuel Combustion

  6. Foundation Fuels - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundation Fuels Foundation Fuels Goals Advance a multiscale approach to collaborative reaction kinetic model development with emphasis on the kinetic foundation mechanism of H2/CO/C1-C4 hydrocarbons and oxygenates. Deliverables A suite of theoretical tools and approaches ranging from electronic structure calculations (ab initio, density functional, and partly empirical), reaction rate theory calculations (including variational effects, anharmonicity, and quantum effects), kinetic modeling,

  7. Check Out - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAQ » Check Out Check Out I am staying at the dormitory on-campus. When and where is standard check out? Standard check out is Friday, June 26th. You may bring your dormitory key to the Friend Center and leave it with a CEFRC representative anytime during the day. I am staying at the dormitory on-campus. Can I bring my car closer to the Butler/Scully area to load my luggage when checking out? Yes, similar to check in, you may bring your car and park it in the temporary parking area outside the

  8. Application Schedule - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application Schedule Application Schedule Applications for the Combustion Energy Research Fellows program are considered on a rolling basis. Applicant selection occurs three times per year. The respective deadline for upload of required application documents is: August 31 December 31 April 30 Award announcements will be made shortly thereafter. © 2016 The Trustees of Princeton University Last update: February 2, 2011

  9. Biodiesel - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biodiesel Biodiesel Goals Develop accurate multi-scale models and experimental methods for quantitative combustion modeling of methyl esters and biodiesels at current and future engine conditions. Deliverables Obtain new experiment data of elementary reaction rates, ignition delay times, extinction limits, and speciation in broad temperature and pressure ranges. Develop quantum computational schemes for chemically accurate prediction of elementary reaction rates, activation energies, and bond

  10. Frontiers of Combustion: From Microgravity to Microengines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University FLAME CHEMISTRY, DYNAMICS AND MODEL REDUCTION Sanghee Won, Wenting Sung, Michael Burke and Yiguang Ju Princeton University Collaborators: Stephen Dooley and Fredrick Dryer Xiaolong Gou, Zheng Chen Princeton University Research summary 1. Fuels * H 2 /CH 4 /CO/O 2 flame speed (25 atm) * Methyl-butanoate (extinction & transport) * t-butanol (extinction) 2. Model reduction * Dynamic multi-timescale * Multi-generation path flux analysis * Adaptive chemistry 3. Theory and modeling *

  11. Administration - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Administration Administration Chung K. Law Chung K. Law Director, CEFRC Emily A. Carter Emily A. Carter Co-Director, CEFRC Chih-Jen Sung Chih-Jen Sung Associate Director (Acting), CEFRC © 2016 The Trustees of Princeton University Last update: February 23, 2016

  12. Alcohol Fuels - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohol Fuels Alcohol Fuels Goals Advance a multiscale approach to collaborative reaction kinetic model development and validation, by focusing team efforts on particular alcohol fuels. The team's initial focus has been on n-butanol. This has recently broadened to include detailed kinetic modeling of other isomeric butanols, plus some comparisons with smaller alcohols and the corresponding ketones, aldehydes, and enols. In the future we expect to use what we have learned from the butanol study

  13. Frontiers in Advanced Storage Technologies (FAST) project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the product for use in HPC environments. The FAST project involves establishing long-term development collaboration agreements to develop the following opportunities: File...

  14. Lecturers - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lecturers Lecturers Sébastien Candel earned his PhD from the California Institute of Technology in 1972 and a Docteur ès Sciences degree from the University of Paris in 1977. He has been a professor at Ecole Centrale Paris (now CentraleSupélec) since 1978 and a professor at Institut Universitaire de France from 2001 to 2011. His research in combustion and aeroacoustics has applications in energy and in aeronautical and space propulsion. Among many distinctions, Sébastien Candel has been the

  15. News, Events & Publications - Combustion Energy Frontier Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Events CEFRC Newsletters Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home News, Events & Publications News, Events & Publications Media Events...

  16. 2016 FAQ - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Useful Links Emergency Contacts Traveling to Princeton (NEW) Check In & Registration Payment Options Parking Lecture & Dining Halls Check Out Other Matters Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home » 2016 Combustion Summer School » 2016 FAQ 2016 FAQ Useful Links Emergency Contacts Traveling to Princeton Check In and Registration Payment Options Parking Lecture and Dining Halls Check Out Other Matters of Concern ©

  17. Sample Projects - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Combustion Simulations with Dr. Jacqueline H. Chen and Prof. D. Haworth DNSLES simulations with Prof. Stephen B. Pope and Dr. Jacqueline H. Chen. Simulations of...

  18. Course Descriptions - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home » 2016 Combustion Summer School » Course Descriptions Course Descriptions Combustion Dynamics Lecturer: Prof. Sébastien M. Candel, École Centrale Paris Course Length: 15 hours (Mon - Fri) Session: Morning Session Objective: This course provides an introduction to the analysis of combustion dynamics problems. It includes a tutorial on acoustics and on early combustion instability

  19. Emergency Contacts - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Emergency Contacts Emergency Contacts EMERGENCY CONTACTS During your stay, in the event of an emergency, you may contact any of the following people: During the day (8:30AM - 4:30PM): Professor C.K. Law 609.258.5271 (O); 609.306.8450 (C) Michelle Horgan (CES) 609.258.6116 Conference & Events Services (CES) 609.258.6115 During the day and also after hours: Princeton University Department of Public Safety, 609.258.1000 Top © 2016 The Trustees of Princeton University Last update: January 20,

  20. CEFRC Newsletters - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home » News, Events & Publications » CEFRC Newsletters CEFRC Newsletters CEFRC News Volume 4 Issue 2 (Sep 2013 - Feb 2014) CEFRC News Volume 4 Issue 1 (Mar 2013-Aug 2013) CEFRC News Volume 3, Issue 2 (Sept 2012-Feb 2013) CEFRC News Volume 3, Issue 1 (Feb 2012-Aug 2012) CEFRC News Volume 2, Issue 2 (Jul 2011-Jan 2012) CEFRC News Volume 2, Issue 1 (Jan-Jun 2011) CEFRC News Volume 1, Issue 2 (July-Dec 2010) CEFRC News Volume 1,

  1. Chemistry: Theory - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Theory Chemistry: Theory Presentations from 2010 CEFRC First Annual Conference MultireferenceCorrelated WavefunctionCalculations and Reaction Flux Analyses of Methyl Ester Combustion Emily A. Carter, Princeton University Constructing Accurate Combustion Chemistry Models William H. Green, MIT Theoretical Gas Phase Chemical Kinetics Stephen J. Klippenstein, Argonne National Laboratory Theoretical Chemical Kinetics and Combustion Modeling James A. Miller, Argonne National Laboratory Computation of

  2. Media - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Media Media Apply now for the 2015 Princeton-CEFRC Summer School Posted Jan 07, 2015by Lilian Tsang The 2015 Princeton-CEFRC Summer School on Combustion is now accepting applications for the June 21 - 26 session. Apply online at http://www.princeton.edu/cefrc/combustion-summer-school/application/. Full Story 2014 Princeton-CEFRC Summer School - Student Interviews Posted Jan 04, 2015by Lilian Tsang The 2014 CEFRC Summer School was held June 23 - 27 at Princeton University. In this video,

  3. People - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    People People The CEFRC is administratively located at Princeton University. Research at the center is led by 15 principal investigators from eight academic institutions and two national laboratories. Each of the principal investigators has his/her own team of graduate students and research associates. Additionally, the center is also home to a team of Combustion Energy Research Fellows, each appointed under the co-sponsorship of at least two principal investigators in order to facilitate

  4. Energy Conversion, an Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research............................................. 3 2012-2013 CSTEC Colloquium ........ 13 2013 CSTEC Workshops .................. 14 Awards ............................................... 15 2013-2014 CSTEC Colloquium ........ 15 F A L L 2 0 1 3 Letter from the Center Director With the projected increase in worldwide population to approximately 9 billion by 2040, and related infrastructural demands coupled with improvements in the quality of life of individuals around the globe, the

  5. Principal Investigators - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Principal Investigators Principal Investigators Chung K. Law Chung K. Law Director, CEFRC Princeton University Emily A. Carter Emily A. Carter Co-Director, CEFRC Princeton University Jacqueline H. Chen Jacqueline H. Chen Sandia National Laboratories Frederick L. Dryer Frederick L. Dryer Princeton University Fokion N. Egolfopoulos University of Southern California William H. Green William H. Green Massachusetts Institute of Technology Nils Hansen Nils Hansen Sandia National Laboratories Ronald K.

  6. Principal Investigators | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Principal Investigators Home Don Morelli Don Morelli EFRC Director Professor Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science MSU Home Page Eldon Case Eldon Case Professor Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science MSU Home Page Timothy Hogan Timothy Hogan Associate Professor Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science MSU Home Page Subhendra (Bhanu) Mahanti Subhendra (Bhanu) Mahanti Professor Department of

  7. Research - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Research To facilitate better and more rapid coordination among the CEFRC members, Center research activities are organized into three Disciplinary Working Groups (DWGs) Chemistry: Theory (Coordinated by William H. Green) Chemistry: Experiment and Mechanisms (Coordinated by Hai Wang) Chemistry and Transport (Coordinated by Yiguang Ju) Additionally, the CEFRC has enlarged its scope of investigation by extending our prior focus on butanol to three unifying, thrust targets that define the

  8. About - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    About About Center Directorship The CEFRC is directed by Chung K. Law, the Robert H. Goddard Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Princeton University. His research interests cover various physical and chemical aspects of fundamental combustion phenomena, with applications to propulsion, energy, fuels, and the environment. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The Co-director of the center is Emily A

  9. About Us | Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    About Us Home Mission Statement The mission of this Center is to investigate, at a most fundamental level, the physical and chemical principles that will allow the understanding of how advanced thermoelectric materials function and the design and synthesis of such materials. Focus The Center for Revolutionary Materials for Solid State Energy Conversion will focus on solid state conversion of thermal energy to useful electrical power, both to increase the efficiency of traditional industrial

  10. Archive - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Media » Archive Archive Archive 2016 March February January 2015 December November October September August July June May April March February January 2014 December November October September August July June May April March February January 2013 December November October September August July June May April March February January 2012 December November October September August July June May April March February January 2011 December November October September August July June May April March

  11. Energy Conversion, an Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    encoded into sophisticated hierarchical structures is beneficial in terms of prop- erties, such as those of optoelectronic devices, among others. In this context,...

  12. Research Teams - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Teams Research Teams Associates Greg Smith, Senior Research Chemist, SRI ... Colin Smith, Thermal Engineer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Previously co-sponsored by ...

  13. Lecture Notes - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    point and Mach stem formation. Lecture XV: Cellular detonations Combustion Chemistry: Thermochemistry Chemical Physical and Thermochemical Properties of Hydrocarbons Basic...

  14. 2015 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Course Description Lecture Notes Lecture Videos Lecturers 2014 Session 2013 Session 2012 Session 2011 Session 2010 Session 2015 FAQ Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications...

  15. Lecture Videos - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Videos Lecture Videos 2015 Lecture Videos 2016 The Trustees of Princeton University Last update: September 7...

  16. 2010 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2010 Session Course Descriptions Lecturers Lecture Notes 2015 FAQ Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home ...

  17. Application - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2015 FAQ Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home 2015 Combustion Summer School Application Application...

  18. 2012 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Course Descriptions Lecturers Lecture Notes 2011 Session 2010 Session 2015 FAQ Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members...

  19. 2014 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Course Description Lecturers Lecture Notes Lecture Videos 2013 Session 2012 Session 2011 Session 2010 Session 2015 FAQ Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC...

  20. Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Innovation Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 3) Grid integration capabilities; 4) Minimal to zero water consumption (energy water ... 5) Grid integration capabilities 6) Minimal to zero water consumption (energy water ...

  1. Frontiers in Energy Research | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The following CEES members have served as co-editors for the newsletter: 2011-2012 Scott Kirklin, Northwestern University 2012-2013 Lynn Trahey, Argonne National Laboratory...

  2. 2013 Session - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Combustion Chemistry, delivered by Professor Michael J. Pilling of the University of Leeds; Quantitative Laser Diagnostics for...

  3. Case Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Kwok Ko Energy Frontier Experiments and Modeling with GEANT 4 - Leads: Rob Roser & Elizabeth Sexton-Kennedy Perturbative QCD - Lead: Michele Papucci Intensity Frontier Data...

  4. The High Intensity Horizon at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tschirhart, R.S.; /Fermilab

    2012-05-01

    Fermilab's high intensity horizon is 'Project-X' which is a US led initiative with strong international participation that aims to realize a next generation proton source that will dramatically extend the reach of Intensity Frontier research. The Project-X research program includes world leading sensitivity in long-baseline and short-baseline neutrino experiments, a rich program of ultra-rare muon and kaon decays, opportunities for next-generation electric dipole moment experiments and other nuclear/particle physics probes, and a platform to investigate technologies for next generation energy applications. A wide range of R&D activities has supported mission critical accelerator subsystems, such as high-gradient superconducting RF accelerating structures, efficient RF power systems, cryo-modules and cryogenic refrigeration plants, advanced beam diagnostics and instrumentation, high-power targetry, as well as the related infrastructure and civil construction preparing for a construction start of a staged program as early as 2017.

  5. Intense Muon Beams for Experiments at Project X

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.M. Ankenbrandt, R.P. Johnson, C. Y. Yoshikawa, V.S. Kashikhin, D.V. Neuffer, J. Miller, R.A. Rimmer

    2011-03-01

    A coherent approach for providing muon beams to several experiments for the intensity-frontier program at Project X is described. Concepts developed for the front end of a muon collider/neutrino factory facility, such as phase rotation and ionization cooling, are applied, but with significant differences. High-intensity experiments typically require high-duty-factor beams pulsed at a time interval commensurate with the muon lifetime. It is challenging to provide large RF voltages at high duty factor, especially in the presence of intense radiation and strong magnetic fields, which may preclude the use of superconducting RF cavities. As an alternative, cavities made of materials such as ultra-pure Al and Be, which become very good –but not super– conductors at cryogenic temperatures, can be used.

  6. Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center Post-Doctoral Position...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University and Sandia National Laboratories on advanced simulations of turbulent combustion. The project involves two simulation methodologies: direct numerical simulation...

  7. Los Alamos engineer selected to participate in NAE's 2012 "Frontiers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or organizations and chosen from approximately 300 applicants. "Our nation's health, quality of life and security will depend on the engineering achievements of the 21st...

  8. NERSC, Berkeley Lab Explore Frontiers of Deep Learning for Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... applied for this purpose are standard machine learning approaches, which are likely ... method for recognizing patterns in brain signals, he added. "Using deep learning, our team ...

  9. Apply: Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Innovation Technologie...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    It is anticipated that six awards will be made and range from 500,000 to 1.5 million. Applications for this funding opportunity are open under the following topics: Innovations ...

  10. Extending the frontiers of mass spectrometric instrumentation and methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schieffer, Gregg

    2010-12-15

    The focus of this dissertation is two-fold: developing novel analysis methods using mass spectrometry and the implementation and characterization of a novel ion mobility mass spectrometry instrumentation. The novel mass spectrometry combines ion trap for ion/ion reactions coupled to an ion mobility cell. The long term goal of this instrumentation is to use ion/ion reactions to probe the structure of gas phase biomolecule ions. The three ion source - ion trap - ion mobility - qTOF mass spectrometer (IT - IM - TOF MS) instrument is described. The analysis of the degradation products in coal (Chapter 2) and the imaging plant metabolites (Appendix III) fall under the methods development category. These projects use existing commercial instrumentation (JEOL AccuTOF MS and Thermo Finnigan LCQ IT, respectively) for the mass analysis of the degraded coal products and the plant metabolites, respectively. The coal degradation paper discusses the use of the DART ion source for fast and easy sample analysis. The sample preparation consisted of a simple 50 fold dilution of the soluble coal products in water and placing the liquid in front of the heated gas stream. This is the first time the DART ion source has been used for analysis of coal. Steven Raders under the guidance of John Verkade came up with the coal degradation projects. Raders performed the coal degradation reactions, worked up the products, and sent them to me. Gregg Schieffer developed the method and wrote the paper demonstrating the use of the DART ion source for the fast and easy sample analysis. The plant metabolite imaging project extends the use of colloidal graphite as a sample coating for atmospheric pressure LDI. DC Perdian and I closely worked together to make this project work. Perdian focused on building the LDI setup whereas Schieffer focused on the MSn analysis of the metabolites. Both Perdian and I took the data featured in the paper. Perdian was the primary writer of the paper and used it as a chapter in his dissertation. Perdian and Schieffer worked together to address the revisions and publish it in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry Journal.

  11. Sandia's Frontier Observatory for Research In Geothermal Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Reasearch Facility Geomechanics and Drilling ... as "enabling cutting-edge research and drilling and technology testing, as well as to ...

  12. How Will We Explore Earth's Final Frontier? | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that can withstand the enormous pressure and harsh conditions of the ocean floor in order to facilitate subsea oil drilling. Watch all of the Invention Factory videos here. ...

  13. Materials Frontiers to Empower Quantum Computing (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and their origins in materials defects and environmental coupling. Realizing this vision systematically and predictively will be transformative for quantum computing and will...

  14. 2011 2nd Annual CEFRC Conference - Combustion Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center 2nd Annual CEFRC Conference Second Annual Conference, CEFRC August 17-19, 2011, Princeton, NJ Wednesday, August 17 Day 1: Program Review State of the CEFRC (Law) Review of Theory DWG (Klippenstein) Biodiesel thermochemistry and kinetics with the multireference singles and doubles configuration interaction method (Carter) Computation of accurate thermochemistry and rate parameters for complex combustion reactions (Truhlar) Theoretical gas phase chemical kinetics (Klippenstein) Detailed

  15. Theoretical research at the high energy frontier. Cosmology and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krauss, Lawrence M.; Vachaspati, Tanmay

    2015-10-15

    The research projects described in our original proposal are continuing, with completion of several of the envisaged projects, and several new related projects underway. Research of each of the Investigators and the postdocs supported by the grant are summarized in attached report.

  16. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Science (SC) Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BIOPHYSICS; LASERS; LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY...

  17. Traveling to Princeton (NEW) - Combustion Energy Frontier Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    may take a van shuttle service http:olympic-limo.com or 1-800-822-9797. From Newark Airport, the fare is 40one way. From Philadelphia International Airport, the fare is 89...

  18. Microsoft Word - Frontiers_DUAN_12_R.docx

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 Ab initio Thermodynamic Approach to Identify Mixed Solid Sorbents for CO2 Capture Technology Yuhua Duan* National Energy Technology Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236, USA Correspondence: Dr. Yuhua Duan, National Energy Technology Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15236, USA Tel. 412-386-5771, Fax

  19. Cosmology at the frontier of neutrino physics (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    More details are available in 1. Authors: Swanson, Molly E. C. ; Percival, Will J. ; Lahav, Ofer 1 ; Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, ...

  20. U.S. DOE Energy Frontier Research Center Announcements

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en 2A18973D-0A61-4048-B130-1023...

  1. U.S. Department of Energy Announces Energy Frontier Research...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu; John Hennessy, President of Stanford University; Mark ... In 2009, DOE established integrated, multi-investigator Centers to conduct fundamental ...

  2. 2011 EFRC Summit & Forum - Combustion Energy Frontier Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a New Biofuel: Butanol" . Yiguang Ju, Pascal Dievart, Stephen Dooley, Sang Hee Wong, Frederick L. Dryer, Emily A. Carter, Chung K. Law, William H. Green, Ronald K. Hanson,...

  3. Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs): A Response to Five...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    that arose from a series of Basic Research Needs workshops. The panel members are Paul Alivisatos, the Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, George Crabtree,...

  4. EFRC management reference document Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acknowledgement should recognize the funding source for the research, not simply the salary support for the individuals conducting the research. See questions 2 and 3 in the Q&A...

  5. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Seminars image Perovskite Solar Cells: Towards New Materials and New Applications Nripan Mathews, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore November 3, 2014, 11:15 am 101...

  6. The Very Large Hadron Collider: The farthest energy frontier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    cost more than what is presently politically acceptable. This talk summarizes the strategies of collider design including staged deployment, comparison with electron-positron...

  7. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    one-day workshop focused on new materials and processes for overcoming the Shockley-Queisser limit of solar energy conversion efficiency. event website download flyer 05.23.12...

  8. EFRC management reference document Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Acknowledgements Reference Document: The Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) requires funded principal investigators (PIs) to appropriately acknowledge BES support in publications and presentations based on BES-funded research. Such acknowledgements are used by BES for federally-mandated assessment and reporting functions. The practice of simply presenting a list of supporting agencies in a shared acknowledgement is not acceptable because it is impossible to discern the research BES funded

  9. Files | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center EAB

  10. Frontiers in Planetary and Stellar Magnetism Through High-Performance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computing | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility 3D visualization of convective cells at the outer boundary of a solar convection simulation run, using Mira 3D visualization of convective cells at the outer boundary of a solar convection simulation run, using Mira. Regions of warm upflow are rendered in yellow tones, and regions of cool downflow are indicated by dark blue tones. This simulation is part of a larger numerical experiment that has been used to examine the likely amplitude and

  11. Check In & Registration - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAQ » Check In & Registration Check In & Registration I am a student in an U.S. academic institution and wish to arrive Saturday June 20th. I noticed that I am being charged lodging for the Saturday night stay. Is lodging not covered by the CEFRC scholarship? This is a change from previous years. The 2015 scholarship only covers 5 nights of lodging: check in Sunday June 21st, check out Friday June 26th. If you arrange to arrive early or depart later, you will be billed for the cost of

  12. Highlights | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center All Highlights Carbonized leaf membrane as Na+ battery anode Scientific Achievement We used a single-step thermal pyrolysis procedure to transform a leaf into a carbon membrane to utilize the plant's hierarchical porosity network for electrochemical storage. Here for the first time we created a (sodium ion) battery (SIB) with a natural leaf structure for the carbon anode, without binder, additive, or additional current collector. Significance and Impact Hierarchical capillary

  13. Milton-Freewater: A frontier for new technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reverse order restores the system to its original state. The incredible value of the smart meter Every customer of Milton-Freewater City Light and Power is now set up with a...

  14. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Recordings of the presentations and panel discussions are available here for online viewing. Detailed abstracts of the presentations and bios for the speakers can be found here. Harry Atwater Photonic Design Principles for Ultrahigh-Efficiency Photovoltaics Harry Atwater, California Institute of Technology John Rogers Microscale Solar Cells for Macroscale Power Generation John Rogers, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Eli Yablonovitch The Multi-Spectral

  15. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Approaches to ultrahigh efficiency solar energy conversion webinar watch now The recorded presentations and panel discussion are now available for online viewing. Sign up is now closed

  16. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) New approaches to full spectrum solar energy conversion California Institute of Technology Hall Auditorium, Gates-Thomas Laboratory [map] LIVE Internet Broadcast [download flyer] Recordings of the presentations and panel discussions are available here for online viewing. Detailed abstracts for the presentations can be found here. Paul Alivisatos Quantum Dot Luminescent Concentrators Paul Alivisatos, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Shanhui Fan Control of Thermal

  17. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) On Sunday, July 29, 2012, the Resnick Sustainability Institute and the LMI-EFRC at Caltech co-organized a one-day workshop on Redefining the Limits of Photovoltaic Efficiency. Leaders from industry, academia and government gathered together and discussed new technologies for redefining the limits of solar energy conversion efficiency. The program featured invited talks, a poster session, and topically-focused breakout sessions in the afternoon. Invited speakers included

  18. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) 3 LMI-EFRC Team Meeting March 7-8, 2013 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA [map] Our 2013 Annual Meeting will be at Caltech on Thursday-Friday, March 7-8, 2013. This year, we will kick off the meeting with our first-ever free public webinar on Approaches to Ultrahigh Efficiency Solar Energy Conversion featuring presentations and a panel discussion with some of our expert faculty investigators. The remainder of the meeting will be devoted primarily to student-

  19. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) 4 LMI-EFRC Kickoff September 23-24, 2014 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA [map] [event photos] Our 2014 LMI-EFRC Kickoff Meeting will be at Caltech on Tuesday-Wednesday, September 23-24, 2014. This meeting will gather the PIs, students, and postdocs from the five institutions (Caltech, Harvard, LBL, Stanford, and UIUC) for a combination of scientific presentations, breakout discussions, and poster sessions. Each attendee is expected to participate in an

  20. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Fall Meeting September 3-4, 2015 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA [map] Our 2015 LMI-EFRC Fall Meeting will be at Caltech on Thursday-Friday, September 3-4, 2015. Our meeting this year will start with a public webinar on New Approaches to Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion featuring some of our LMI experts. This meeting will gather the PIs, students, and postdocs from the five institutions (Caltech, Harvard, LBL, Stanford, and UIUC) for a combination of

  1. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Future Directions of the LMI-EFRC Proposal Contest Congratulations to winners Dennis Callahan (Caltech, Atwater Group), and Matt Lucas (LBL, Alivisatos Group) and Derek Le (UIUC, Nuzzo Group). At the Team Meeting on April 9, the winners of our "Future Directions of the LMI-EFRC" Proposal Contest were announced. LMI Group members were asked to prepare a 2-page proposal on a future research direction of the LMI-EFRC not currently being pursued. Team members were

  2. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Fall Kickoff at Caltech September 23-24, 2014 [meeting details] The LMI-EFRC team gathered at Caltech to kickoff the renewal with a meeting full of presentations from LMI PIs and students, an in-room poster session, and research group breakout sessions. We welcomed Gregory Wilson from NREL's National Center for Photovoltaics as our keynote speaker, and several members of our External Advisory Board, including Richard King from Spectrolab, David Carlson formerly of BP Solar,

  3. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Luminescent LED-type solar cell design breaks efficiency records Professor Eli Yablonovitch's breakthrough result that enabled Alta Device's record solar cell efficiency is highlighted at physorg.com, semiconductor-today.com, and CleanTechnica.com. PhysOrg, "The solar cell that also shines: Luminescent 'LED-type' design breaks efficiency record," April 19, 2012 Semiconductor Today, "Luminescent 'LED-type' solar cell design breaks efficiency record,"

  4. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) 9, 2012 The LMI-EFRC Group gathered in San Francisco for a team meeting that included presentations by students, LMI PI/Caltech Professor Oskar Painter, and an invited talk by Professor Yi Cui of Stanford University and the Bay Area Photovoltaic Consortium. Students and post-docs also participated in an in-room poster session. image image image

  5. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) 21, 2014 The LMI-EFRC Group gathered in San Francisco for a team meeting that included presentations by guest Mark Brongersma (Stanford), LMI PI Xiang Zhang (Berkeley), Caltech graduate student Emily Kosten (Atwater group), and UIUC Postdoc Xing Sheng (Rogers group). Students and post-docs also participated in a lively poster session. image image

  6. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Lectures from the LMI-EFRC "Fundamental Challenges in Solar Energy Conversion" Workshop, July 7, 2010, Caltech Harry Atwater Introduction to the Workshop on Fundamental Challenges in Solar Energy Conversion Harry A. Atwater, Caltech Eli Yablonovitch Fundamental Limits to Light Absorption and Efficiency in Photovoltaics Eli Yablonovitch, University of California, Berkeley Richard Swanson Efficiency Limits and Cost Challenges in Photovoltaics Richard Swanson,

  7. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Download Links Template for monthly DOE highlights (pptx) LMI-EFRC Slide Template (pptx) LMI-EFRC Logo (Logo 300dpi | Logo 2.5 inch 300dpi)

  8. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Cambridge Nanotech Atomic Layer Deposition A Cambridge Nanotech (USA) Savannah S200 atomic layer deposition (ALD) system was purchased for conformal growth of metal oxide films. ALD is the growth of films by sequential, self-limiting, surface chemical reactions and thus allows for precise thickness control. This system is capable of depositing nearly any metal oxide (e.g., TiO2, Al2O3) and is upgradable for metal sulfide deposition. This tool is housed in N. Lewis

  9. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) AJA E-Beam Evaporator A new e-beam evaporator was acquired in FY11; this evaporator is extensively used for EFRC supported research projects. In particular, e-beam evaporation is used to grow the conductive layers found in many of the devices fabricated by the Illinois EFRC team. These conductive layers are a critical element of any PV device, as they enable collection of photogenerated charge carriers. This evaporator has both a low base pressure, which is important for

  10. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Photoelectrochemical Etching Coming soon

  11. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Integrating Sphere The integrating sphere allows for angularly and wavelength resolved reflection and transmission measurements. Coupled to a Fianium white laser, reflection and transmission of light can be measured across the solar spectrum. Furthermore, motorized stages allow for angular variation across two axes in transmission mode and one axis in reflection mode. This characterization tool has been particularly useful for characterizing microwire arrays. Specifically,

  12. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Malvern Nano Zetasizer The Malvern Nano Zetasizer measures particle and molecule size from below a nanometer to several microns using dynamic light scattering, zeta potential and electrophoretic mobility using electrophoretic light scattering, and molecular weight using static light scattering. This equipment is used to support several EFRC research projects that utilize colloidal and nanoparticle building blocks, including work based on colloidal crystal templating and

  13. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Nanocrystal Synthesis The Alivisatos group has end-to-end nanocrystal synthesis and characterization capabilities. These include eight fume hoods with schlenk lines for synthesis, four gloveboxes for air-free manipulation, centrifuges and HPLC for cleaning, as well as x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy for characterization. Further characterization is possible with a variety of optical absorption and fluorescence spectrometers, electrical measurements,

  14. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Proximity field nano-patterning Prof. John Rogers and Prof. Paul Braun at UIUC developed "proximity field nanopatterning" (PnP), a fabrication technique that relies on a conformable phase mask with sub-wavelength features of relief embossed onto its surface. The approach is intrinsically simple because all of the optics are built into this single element. Soft lithographic procedures of casting and curing of elastomers based on polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS) or

  15. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Ultrafast Pump-Probe System The Minnich Lab is equipped with an ultrafast pump-probe system centered around a Coherent Mira oscillator. Together with a delay stage, this system is capable of resolving ultrafast phenomena with subpicosecond time resolution and up to 13 ns total delay time. The system of also capable of modulated CW operation at frequencies up to 25 MHz. Using continuous flow cryostats we can access temperatures from 3-500 K. The Minnich Lab is also fortunate

  16. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) 1: New Light Management Mechanisms RG Leader: Eli Yablonovitch Affiliated PIs: Harry Atwater, Paul Braun, Mark Brongersma, Jennifer Dionne, Shanhui Fan, Andrei Faraon, John Rogers, and Xiang Zhang image Large-area nanostructured plasmonic solar cells in amorphous silicon (H. Atwater, Caltech & P. Alivisatos, LBNL The RG1 team is establishing light management principles that challenge historical scientific ideas about solar energy conversion efficiency limits. RG1 is a

  17. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) 2: Solar Spectrum Control and Conversion RG Leader: John Rogers Affiliated PIs: Paul Alivisatos, Harry Atwater, Paul Braun, Mark Brongersma, Jennifer Dionne, Shanhui Fan, Ralph Nuzzo, Eli Yablonovitch, and Xiang Zhang Downshifting luminescent concentrator with micro solar cells (J. Rogers & R. Nuzzo, UIUC) The most substantial near-term opportunity for increase in solar energy conversion efficiency is via exploitation of the full solar spectrum. As first discussed by

  18. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Andrei Faraon Principal Investigator Andrei Faraon Andrei Faraon, Assistant Professor of Applied Physics and Material Science California Institute of Technology Bio coming soon.

  19. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Austin Minnich Principal Investigator Austin Minnich Austin Minnich, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering California Institute of Technology Austin Minnich is an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Physics at the California Institute of Technology. He received his Bachelor's degree from UC Berkeley in Engineering Science in 2006, followed by a Masters and PhD from MIT in Mechanical Engineering in 2011. His thesis focused on creating new

  20. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Eli Yablonovitch RG1 Leader Eli Yablonovitch Eli Yablonovitch, Director of the NSF Center for Energy Efficient Electronics Science (E 3S) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Eli Yablonovitch is the RG1 Leader in the LMI-EFRC. After a career in industry and in Universities, he is now Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at UC Berkeley, where he holds the James & Katherine Lau Chair in Engineering. He is also Director of the NSF Center for Energy

  1. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Harry Atwater Associate Director Harry Atwater Harry Atwater, Howard Hughes Professor and Professor of Applied Physics and Materials Science; Director, Joint Center for Articificial Photosynthesis California Institute of Technology Professor Harry Atwater is the Howard Hughes Professor of Applied Physics and Materials Science at the California Institute of Technology. Professor Atwater currently serves as Director of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis. He

  2. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Jennifer Blankenship Administrator Jennifer Blankenship Jennifer Blankenship California Institute of Technology Jennifer Blankenship is the LMI EFRC Administrator, providing administrative support to Director Harry Atwater and Assistant Director Carrie Hofmann. She is also responsible for conference and meeting coordination, report assembly, and website maintenance.

  3. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Jennifer Dionne Jennifer A. Dionne Jennifer Dionne, Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering Stanford University Jennifer Dionne is an assistant professor in the department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. In 2009, she received her Ph. D. in Applied Physics at the California Institute of Technology, working with Professor Harry Atwater. In 2010, Dionne served as a postdoctoral research fellow in Chemistry, working with Professor

  4. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Jennifer Lewis RG4 Leader Jennifer Lewis Jennifer Lewis, Hansjörg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering Harvard University Jennifer A. Lewis joined the faculty of the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University in 2013. Prior to her appointment at Harvard, she served as the Director of the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory and the Hans Thurnauer Professor of

  5. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - John A. Rogers RG2 Leader John A. Rogers John A. Rogers, Swanlund Chair, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Professor of Chemistry, Director, F. Seitz Materials Research Laboratory University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Professor John A. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas, Austin, in 1989. From MIT, he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the PhD degree in physical chemistry in

  6. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Mark Brongersma Mark Brongersma Mark Brongersma, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering Stanford University Mark Brongersma is a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. He received his PhD from the FOM Institute in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in 1998. From 1998-2001 he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the California Institute of Technology. His current research is directed towards the development and physical

  7. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Nate Lewis Pricipal Investigator Nate Lewis Nate Lewis, George L. Argyros Professor of Chemistry California Institute of Technology Dr. Nathan Lewis, the George L. Argyros Professor of Chemistry, has been on the faculty at the California Institute of Technology since 1988 and has served as Professor since 1991. He has also served as the Principal Investigator of the Beckman Institute Molecular Materials Resource Center at Caltech since 1992, and is the Scientific Director

  8. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Paul Alivisatos Principal Investigator Paul Alivisatos Paul Alivisatos, Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Samsung Distinguished Professor of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science & Engineering Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Dr. Paul Alivisatos is Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and is the University of California (UC) Berkeley's Samsung Distinguished Professor of

  9. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Paul Braun RG-4 Leader Paul V. Braun Paul V. Braun, Ivan Racheff Professor of Materials Science and Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Professor Paul V. Braun is the Ivan Racheff Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, and an affiliate of the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, the Beckman Institute forAdvanced Science and Technology, the Department of Chemistry, the Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory and the Mechanical Science and

  10. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Ralph G. Nuzzo Director Ralph G. Nuzzo Ralph G. Nuzzo, G. L. Clark Professor of Chemistry; Director, LMI-EFRC; Visiting Associate in Applied Physics and Materials Science, Caltech University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and California Institute of Technology Ralph G. Nuzzo is the Director of the LMI-EFRC, appointed in 2015. He is the G. L. Clark Professor of Chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, a faculty he joined in 1991 and where he also holds

  11. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Shanhui Fan RG3 Leader Shanhui Fan Shanhui Fan, Professor of Electrical Engineering Stanford University Shanhui Fan is a Professor of Electrical Engineering, and the Director of the Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, at the Stanford University. He received his Ph. D in 1997 in theoretical condensed matter physics from MIT. His research interests are in nanophotonics. He has published over 350 refereed journal articles and has given over 270 invited talks, and was granted 53 US

  12. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Tiffany Kimoto Administrator Jennifer Blankenship Tiffany Kimoto California Institute of Technology Tiffany Kimoto is the LMI EFRC Administrator, providing administrative support to Director Ralph Nuzzo and Assistant Director Carrie Hofmann. She is also responsible for conference and meeting coordination, report assembly, and website maintenance

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Xiang Zhang Principal Investigator Xiang Zhang Xiang Zhang, Ernest S. Kuh Endowed Chaired Professor of Mechanical Engineering and LBNL Materials Sciences Division Director Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Professor Xiang Zhang is the inaugural Ernest S. Kuh Endowed Chaired Professor at UC Berkeley and Director of NSF Nano-scale Science and Engineering Center. He is the Director of the Materials Sciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and a member

  14. Logistics & Fees - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

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    Logistics & Fees Logistics & Fees Location/Accommodations The Summer School will be held on the beautiful campus of Princeton University. On-campus lodging in single-person, air-conditioned dormitory rooms with same-gender shared bath facilities is available to all participants(1). Breakfast, lunch and dinner meal plans are available to all participants. Participants may also choose to make arrangements to stay and dine at area hotels and restaurants. (1) Summer school dormitory

  15. EFRC management reference document Energy Frontier Research Centers

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    on BES-funded research. Such acknowledgements are used by BES for federally-mandated assessment and reporting functions. The practice of simply presenting a list of supporting...

  16. Schedule of Events - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

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    Schedule of Events Schedule of Events 2015 Schedule of Events 2015 The Trustees of Princeton University Last update: May 19, 2015...

  17. Combustion Energy Research Fellows - Combustion Energy Frontier Research

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    Center Combustion Energy Research Fellows Combustion Energy Research Fellows Enoch Dames Co-sponsored by Professor William H. Green, MIT, Professor Ronald K. Hanson, Stanford University, and Professor Hai Wang, University of Southern California. Dr. Dames will apply recently advanced uncertainty quantification/minimization tools and determination of multi-species time histories behind reflected shock waves towards the development of high-fidelity kinetic models for combustion applications.

  18. Frontiers in Science: The Microbe Strikes Back: The Return of...

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    3, 2015 7:00 PM - 8:30 PM WHERE: James A. Little Theater of the New Mexico School for the Deaf 1060 Cerrillos Road, Santa Fe...

  19. Frontiers in Science talks to explore new strategies for diagnosing...

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    for diagnosing challenging diseases Harshini Mukundan discusses the re-emergence of tuberculosis in a series of lectures called "The Microbe Strikes Back: The Return of...

  20. Frontiers in Science: The Microbe Strikes Back: The Return of...

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    6, 2015 7:00 PM - 8:30 PM WHERE: New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science 1801 Mountain Road N.W., Albuquerque...

  1. Chemistry and Transport - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

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    Chemistry and Transport Chemistry and Transport The overall goal of the flame chemistry working group is to obtain fundamental combustion and emission properties of low and high pressure flames, to validate kinetic and transport models, and to develop accurate and computationally efficient models capable of predicting turbulent combustion of future transportation fuels. Experimental data of laminar and turbulent flame speeds, flame structures, extinction/ignition limits, and soot/NOx emissions

  2. Chemistry: Mechanism and Experiment - Combustion Energy Frontier Research

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    Center Chemistry: Mechanism and Experiment Chemistry: Mechanism and Experiment The Mechanism and Experiment DWG uses an array of advanced experimental apparatus to probe the combustion chemistry of fuels. Primary apparatus used include shock tube (Hanson/Davidson), variable-pressure turbulent flow reactor (Dryer), rapid compression machine (Sung), low-pressure burner stabilized flame coupled with synchrotron photoionization mass spectrometry (Hansen, Dryer), atmospheric-pressure burner

  3. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

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    ARCHIVE - Weekly EVO Presentation Schedule Caltech, Berkeley, UIUC, and Harvard meet every Wednesday 12-1PM (PST) via EVO video conference current EVO schedule PDF versions of...

  4. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

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    Weekly EVO Caltech, Berkeley, UIUC, and Harvard meet every Wednesday 12-1PM (PST) via EVO video conference. November 13, 2013 Raymond Weitekamp (Caltech, Atwater Group); Yuan Yao...

  5. Intranet | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

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    Center

  6. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Get Involved The LMI-EFRC is a synergistic, engaged team of researchers devoted to light management for solar energy conversion. If you are interested in learning more about the LMI-EFRC and opportunities to get involved, please contact lmi-efrc@caltech.edu. Former governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann visit Caltech. Hollywood film director James Cameron visits Caltech

  7. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Events image Perovskite Solar Cells: Towards New Materials and New Applications Nripan Mathews, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore November 3, 2014, 11:15 am 101 Guggenheim Lab, Lees-Kubota Hall 2013 workshop Approaches to Ultrahight Efficiency Solar Energy Conversion We are excited to offer this FREE public webinar featuring presentations and an interactive panel discussion with LMI-EFRC photovoltaic experts! March 7, 2013, 8:30-10:30 am PST Hameetman Auditorium,

  8. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Partnerships Partners, collaborators and companies impacted by LMI-EFRC research and technology Alta Devices FOM Institute AMOLF DOW JCAP The Molecular Foundry MRL NERSC NCEM Northrop Grumman Resnick Institute If you are interested in partnering with the LMI-EFRC, email lmi-efrc@caltech.edu.

  9. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Scientific Grand Challenge LMI researchers brainstorm spectrum splitting, Annual Meeting November 2011 The LMI-EFRC is dedicated to expanding the scientific knowledge base for fundamentally photonic principles and mechanisms in solar energy conversion. An important set of requirements of photonic materials for solar energy conversion are related to the characteristics of the sun as a light source - it is a broadband and unpolarized light source, and the achievable

  10. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Acknowledgements Downloads Authorship Tools Here is the necessary information for LMI-EFRC authors. Acknowledgements Downloads

  11. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Facilities Facilities, Capabilities, and Techniques of the LMI-EFRC These are available for use by all LMI researchers At Caltech Large-area vapor-liquid-solid microwire growth Cambridge Nanotech Atomic Layer Deposition Integrating sphere Ultrafast Pump-Probe System At LBL Nanocrystal synthesis Photoelectrochemical etching At UIUC Proximity field nano-patterning Direct ink writing Malvern Nano Zetasizer AJA e-beam evaporator DOE Center facilities National Energy Research

  12. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Recent Research Highlights nature materials cover nature materials cover nature materials cover advanced materials cover nature materials cover Luminescent Concentration of Diffuse Light Achieving 30X Concentration (Paul Alivisatos Group, LBNL and Ralph Nuzzo group, UIUC) September 2015 Controlling Thermal Emission with Graphene Metasurfaces (Atwater group, Caltech) August 2015 Engineering Light Absorption in Semiconductor Metafilms (Brongersma group, Stanford) June 2015

  13. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Lectures & Tutorials Lectures from the LMI-EFRC "New Approaches to Full Spectrum Solar Energy Conversion" Webinar, September 3, 2015, Caltech Harry A. Atwater Quantum Dot Luminescent Concentrators Paul Alivisatos, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory John Rogers Control of Thermal Radiation Using Photonic Structures for Energy Applications Shanhui Fan, Stanford University Eli Yablonovitch Printing Functional Materials Jennifer Lewis, Harvard lmi logo Panel

  14. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Lectures & Tutorials Authorship Tools Publications 2016 image Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of a Proposed Microchannel Water Electrolyzer M.E. Oruc, A.V. Desai, R.G. Nuzzo, P.J.A. Kenis Journal of Power Sources 107, 122-128 (2016) DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.062 image Active Thermal Extraction of Near-Field Thermal Radiation D. Ding, T. Kim, and A.J. Minnich Phys. Rev. B 93, 081402(R) (2016) DOI:

  15. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Research Group 1 Research Group 2 Research Group 3 Research Group 4 Research Highlights Facilities Publications Lectures & Tutorials Authorship Tools Research Groups Research efforts in the LMI-EFRC are aligned with one or more of the following Research Groups (RGs): Complex Architecture and Self-Architected Absorbers Optics for Spontaneous Emission and Absorption Enhancement Full Spectrum Photon Conversion Transformation Optics for Photovoltaics

  16. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Alumni Alumni Dr. Ze'ev Abrams PhD 2012, UC Berkeley Founder and CEO, Strider Solar Inc. Dr. Bok Yeop Ahn Research Professor, Harvard University Ehsan Arbabi Caltech Dr. Kevin Arpin PhD 2013, UIUC Senior Development Engineer at Xerion Advanced Battery Dr. Ashwin Atre PhD 2015, Stanford Dr. Joseph Beardslee PhD 2014, Caltech Researcher at Kratos Michael Bell Harvard Dr. Audrey Bowen PhD 2011, UIUC Senior research engineer at Intel Eric Brueckner UIUC Dr. Stanley Burgos PhD

  17. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Center Organization Center Organization

  18. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Graduate Students Graduate Students Mikayla Anderson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Mikayla Anderson is a graduate student in the Nuzzo group working on spectrum splitting in III-V photovoltaic devices, utilizing epitaxial lift-off to fabricate solar micro-cells. Daniel Bacon-Brown University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Daniel Bacon-Brown is a graduate student in the Braun research group at the University of Illinois, currently working on design and

  19. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Postdoctoral Scholars Postdoctoral Scholars Noah Bronstein Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Dr. Noah Bronstein is a postdoc in the Alivisatos Group at UC Berkeley. He is developing a new nanoparticle solar cell design in collaboration with Professor Yablonovitch. Additionally, he is collaborating with Derek Le and Lanfang Li (Nuzzo Group) on photoluminescent concentrator solar cells. Carissa Eisler Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Dr. Carissa Nicole Eisler is a

  20. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) - Staff Assistant Director Carrie Hofmann Carrie Hofmann California Institute of Technology Administrator Jennifer Blankenship Tiffany Kimoto California Institute of Technology

  1. NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research Center

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    Publications 188 records found. Authors Title / Citation 1 Yu-Xiao Lin, Zhe Liu, Kevin Leung, Long-Qing Chen, Peng Lu, Yue Qi Connecting the irreversible capacity loss in Li-ion batteries with the electronic insulating properties of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) components Journal of Power Sources, 2016, 309, 221-230, doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.01.078 2 Daniel Sharon, Daniel Hirsberg, Michael Salama, Michal Afri, Aryeh A. Frimer, Malachi Noked, Won-Jin Kwak, Yang-Kook Sun, Doron Aurbach

  2. News Story | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

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    Center Invalid Story ID No article found for this site Current Headlines Hu and Munday Win Young Investigator Award UMD has Largest University Showing at 2016 ARPA-E Summit CREB Kicks Off its Research and Innovation Seed Grant Program You'll Never Be-Leaf What Makes up This Battery Rubloff Discusses UMD Energy Storage Center and Energy Science Hot Topics UMERC Announces RFPs for the 2016 Graduate Student Energy Fellowships Hu wins 2015 Junior Faculty Outstanding Research Award Gary Rubloff

  3. People | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

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    Center People Directors Director Gary Rubloff, UMD Website Deputy Director Sang Bok Lee, UMD Website Associate Director for Sandia Neal Shinn, SNL-ALBQ Primary Investigators Thrust 1 John Cumings - UMD Phil Collins - UCI Bryan Eichhorn - UMD Sang Bok Lee - UMD Kevin Leung - SNL-ALBQ Zuzanna Siwy - UCI Thrust 2 Chunsheng Wang - UMD Sang Bok Lee - UMD Liangbing Hu - UMD Chuck Martin - UFL Mark Reed - Yale YuHuang Wang - UMD Thrust 3 Reginald Penner - UCI Katherine Jungjohann - SNL-ALBQ Yue Qi

  4. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

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    2015 Annual Spring Meeting April 6, 2015 San Francisco meeting details register photos 2014 LMI-EFRC Kickoff September 23-24, 2014 Caltech meeting details register...

  5. CEFRC In Pictures - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

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    CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC In Pictures 2014 Princeton-CEFRC Summer School 185 graduate students and research professionals from 25 states, 40 academic institutions, 5 national labs, 9 corporations and 12 international institutions attended the 5th Annual Princeton-CEFRC Summer School in Combustion, hosted by Princeton University from June 22nd to 27th. The five courses offered were Combustion Theory and Applications in CFD, Combustion and Fuels Chemistry, Reciprocating Engines, Unsteady Combustor

  6. CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) - Combustion Energy Frontier Research

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    Center CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) The CEFRC intranet is managed by Professor Donald G. Truhlar and Dr. Jingjing Zheng of the University of Minnesota. The URL is https://cefrc.chem.umn.edu/groups/cefrcwiki/ A few reminders: The intranet functions fine with Safari 4.0 or Firefox 3.5 but does not work with Firefox 2.0. The very first time you go to the intranet with either Firefox or Safari, it will alert you to the fact that it is an unrecognized site,and there

  7. Calendars | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

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    Center

  8. Files | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

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    Center All Members

  9. Full Updated List of Publications Now Available Online! | Energy Frontier

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    Research Centers Full Updated List of Publications Now Available Online! Home The full publication list of the RMSSEC EFRC is avaialble online at the follwoing DOE website. This list is frequently updated and will provide users with the latest information on Center publications. http://science.energy.gov/bes/efrc/publications/

  10. Highlights | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

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    Center List view Carbonized leaf membrane as Na+ battery anode Carbonized leaf membrane as Na+ battery anode Scientific Achievement We used a single-step thermal pyrolysis procedure to transform a leaf into a carbon membrane to utilize the plant's hierarchical porosity network for electrochemical storage. Here for the first time we created a (sodium ion) battery (SIB) with a natural leaf structure for the carbon anode, without binder, additive, or additional current collector. Significance

  11. Lecture & Dining Halls - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

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    FAQ » Lecture & Dining Halls Lecture & Dining Halls Lecture Halls: Friend Center See Schedule of Events for schedule and location of lectures. How far are the lecture halls from the dormitories? Friend Center is a quick 10 minute walk from the Butler dormitories. See campus map for walking directions. There is also a free campus shuttle that will take you from outside the Icahn Lab on Washington Road to the Friend Center. See

  12. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Abstract submission is closed. Registered workshop attendees are encouraged to submit an abstract for the poster session. You will be notified via email if selected. A cash prize will be awarded for the Best Poster presented during the workshop!

  13. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Harry Atwater welcome presentation Professor Harry Atwater gives the introductory presentation workshop audience Workshop participants in the Hameetman Auditorium Geoffrey Kinsey presentation Dr. Geoffrey Kinsey explores concentrator photovoltaics for high-efficiency photovoltaics. workshop Dr. Wladek Walukiewicz speaks with workshop participants. best poster award Lanfang Li, a Ph.D. Candidate in Prof. Ralph Nuzzo's group at UIUC and a member of the LMI-EFRC, won the Best

  14. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Workshop Agenda 7:30-8:30am On-Site Registration and Check-In Cahill Lobby 8:30-9:00am Welcome and Introduction Harry Atwater, California Institute of Technology Hameetman Auditorium 9:00-9:40am The DOE SunShot Initiative: Revitalizing American Competitiveness in Solar Energy Minh Le, U.S. Department of Energy Hameetman Auditorium 9:40-10:20am Advancing Efficiency and Scale in Concentrating Photovoltaics Geoffrey Kinsey, Fraunhofer CSE Hameetman Auditorium 10:20-10:40am

  15. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center (LMI-EFRC) Hotel & Travel The "Redefining the Limits of Photovoltaic Efficiency" Workshop will be held at the Hameetman Auditorium in the Cahill Center at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, CA on Sunday, July 29, 2012. Map and Directions California Institute of Technology Hameetman Auditorium at the Cahill Center 1216 California Boulevard Pasadena, CA 91125 Caltech is located 16 miles from Bob Hope Burbank Airport and 25 miles from LAX International

  16. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) nuzzo LMI Deputy Director and UIUC Professor Ralph Nuzzo welcomes the audience. hofmann LMI Assistant Director Dr. Carrie Hofmann introduces the first speaker, LMI Director Prof. Harry Atwater. atwater Harry Atwater's presentation "Photonic Design Principles for Ultrahigh Efficiency Photovoltaics" John Rogers' presentation "Microscale Solar Cells for Macroscale Power Generation" eli Eli Yablonovitch's presentation "The Multi-Spectral Opto-Electronic

  17. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Sign up is now closed.

  18. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (LMI-EFRC) Event photos coming soon. Caltech LMI

  19. Research | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center Research NEES Mission NEES EFRC Research Overview NEES EFRC Research Overview To reveal scientific insights and design principles that enable a next-generation electrical energy storage technology based on dense mesoscale architectures of multifunctional nanostructures. The Challenge As demand for electrical energy storage (EES) reaches a critical point with increasing applications in transportation, grid storage and usage of renewable sources, energy research community seeks to

  20. Visitor Info | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier

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    Research Center Visiting the University of Maryland Air Travel The University is served by three major airports. All have transportation to the College Park area. Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) provides regular shuttle service to the College Park area or a convenient drive by car. Reagan National Airport is not only an easy car ride from College Park, it is also located right on the green Metrorail line. Passengers can take public transportation directly

  1. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Friday, June 15, 2012 in the Salone delle Feste del Quirinale, in the presence of Italian President Giorgio Napolitano, the Chairman of Eni Giuseppe Recchi and the CEO of Eni...

  2. 2010 1st Annual CEFRC Conference - Combustion Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pope, Cornell University Open Discussion: The Role of CEFRC in MACCCR Moderators: Tim Edwards, Chung K. Law and Wade Sisk 2016 The Trustees of Princeton University Last update:...

  3. Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs): A Response to Five...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at 2 to 5 million per year for a total planned DOE...

  4. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This computer-controlled system is equipped for up to 6" wafer capacity, has RF induction heating up to 1100oC, a cold-wall, rectangular quartz process tube, and H2, SiCl4,...

  5. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Caltech. She received her Ph.D. in Materials Science from Caltech with a thesis entitled "Optics at the Nanoscale: Light Emission in Plasmonic Nanocavities" in 2010. She also...

  6. NEESConnect | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2015, Kwang Jin Kim, Yue Qi Group, Chem E & Materials Science, MSU July 2015, Jonathan Larson, Janice Reutt-Robey Group, Chem & Biochem, UMD Aug 2015, Hyung Jung, Reza Ghodssi...

  7. Argonne named in several DOE Energy Frontier Research Center...

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    new technologies. "Today, we are mobilizing some of our most talented scientists to join forces and pursue the discoveries and breakthroughs that will lay the foundation for our...

  8. Opportunities at the Frontiers of Spintronics (Journal Article...

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    Have feedback or suggestions for a way to improve these results? Save Share this Record Citation Formats MLA APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Send to ...

  9. Opportunities at the Frontiers of Spintronics (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Have feedback or suggestions for a way to improve these results? Save Share this Record Citation Formats MLA APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Save to My ...

  10. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

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    Meeting: Moscone Center Room 3020 747 Howard St, San Francisco, CA 94103 Team Lunch: Colibri Mexican Bistro, 438 Geary Street, San Francisco, CA 94102 PI Dinner: Annabelle's Bar...

  11. Major Lectures & Conference Papers - Combustion Energy Frontier Research

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    Center Major Lectures & Conference Papers Major Lectures & Conference Papers Major Lectures "Fuel Options for Next Generation Chemical Propulsion," by Chung K. Law, Dryden Lecture, 49th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Orlando, FL (2011). "Applications of Quantitative Laser Sensors to Kinetics, Propulsion and Practical Energy Systems," by Ronald K. Hanson, Hoyt C. Hottel Lecture, 33rd International

  12. NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research Center

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    2015 DOE EFRC Principal Investigators' Meeting NEES Participates in DOE EFRC Principal Investigators' Meeting in Washington, DC. Carbonized leaf membrane as Na+ battery anode Improving Lithium Battery Performance by Characterizing Native Processes ALD Protection of Next-Generation Metal Anodes Single Material All-Solid-State Li-ion Batteries ALD Solid Electrolytes Nonuniform Si Loss in Nanowire Anodes during Li Cycling Precision Nanobatteries by the Billions Scaling limits for miniature

  13. PNNL: Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis - Energy Frontier Research

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    Center Tackling Our Energy Challenges in a New Era of Science Latest Announcements Chromium catalyzes reaction Chromium Breaks the Toughest of Bonds, with the Right Support Phosphorus atoms help drive metal to form ammonia, adding insights to turning renewable energy to fuel (March 2016) At the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, scientists showed what it takes to make long-overlooked chromium help form ammonia; this work is a critical step in controlling a reaction that could store

  14. 2016 Combustion Summer School - Combustion Energy Frontier Research

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    Center Course Descriptions Lecturers Lecture Notes Logistics & Fees Application Schedule of Events Past Sessions 2016 FAQ Lecture Videos News, Events & Publications Contact CEFRC CEFRC In Pictures CEFRC Intranet (Members Only) Home » 2016 Combustion Summer School 2016 Combustion Summer School Our Mission To provide the next generation of combustion researchers with a comprehensive knowledge in the technical areas of combustion theory, experiment, computation, fundamentals, and

  15. New Frontiers in Energy Summit | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Denver also plans to explore innovative strategies to overcome residential and commercial ... General Doriot was a man whose entire life and being was focused on teaching leadership. ...

  16. News | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier Research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E), which focused on energy storage using solid-state electrolytes. The solid-state lithium-ion battery with ceramic electrolyte has...

  17. Complex Hydrides-A New Frontier for Future Energy Applications...

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    physics and chemistry of complex hydrides, X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electron microscopy, and first-principles...

  18. Events | NEES - EFRC | University of Maryland Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Upcoming Events ECS Electrochemical Energy Summit (E2S) Monday, October 12, 2015 Phoenix, AZ More EFRC NEES Fall Strategic Meeting Wednesday, October 28, 2015 Kay...

  19. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Harvesting RG Leader: Shanhui Fan Affiliated PIs: Harry Atwater, Paul Braun, Jennifer Lewis, Austin Minnich, John Rogers, and Eli Yablonovitch Refractive index design via porous...

  20. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering Harvard University Nate Lewis Nate Lewis, George L. Argyros Professor of Chemistry California Institute of Technology Austin...

  1. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RG-3 Leader Shanhui Fan, Professor of Electrical Engineering Stanford University Nate Lewis RG-4 Leader Jennifer Lewis, Hansjrg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired...

  2. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Direct Ink Writing Professor Jennifer Lewis has pioneered an innovative approach for microscale patterning of planar and three-dimensional structures (feature sizes ranging from ...

  3. Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion - Energy Frontier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4: Programmable Assembly of Photonic and Electronic Architectures RG Leader: Jennifer Lewis Affiliated PIs: Harry Atwater, Paul Braun, Nate Lewis, Ralph Nuzzo, John Rogers, Eli...

  4. Acoustics topic of upcoming Frontiers in Science series

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    returning to Los Alamos in 1986 as a staff scientist and developed ultra-high speed measurement techniques, femtosecond lasers, thermionic integrated circuits and...

  5. 2010-2011 Publications & Lectures - Combustion Energy Frontier...

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    ... and minimum ignition energy for spherical flame initiation, Proc. Combust. Inst., 33, 1219-1226 (2011). Goldsmith, C. F.; Klippenstein, S. J.; and Green, W. H. Theoretical rate ...

  6. NREL: Energy Systems Integration - ESIF Workshop on Frontiers...

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    Nonlinear Oscillators and Self-Organizing Power Electronics Systems Brian Johnson, NREL Representing Storage and Demand Response in Power System Operations Josh A. Taylor, ...

  7. UNC Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Solar Fuels

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    919-962-6320 Assistant Director Catherine M. Heyer, Ph.D. cmheyer@unc.edu 919-962-2304 SERC TranslationOutreach Manager Ralph L. House, Ph.D. ralph.house@unc.edu 919-962-5518...

  8. The Very Large Hadron Collider: The farthest energy frontier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    would cost more than what is presently politically acceptable. This talk summarizes the strategies of collider design including staged deployment, comparison with...

  9. Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security | Center for...

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    wins JSG Outstanding Research Award This December, Marc Hesse was presented with the Jackson School of Geosciences Outstanding Research Award, which recognizes research...

  10. Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics

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    called "epigenetics" and has been associated with diet, exercise, mate preference, depression, autism, eating disorders and response to abuse. Sanbonmatsu, of Los Alamos'...

  11. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    finite temperatures approaches will be required for handling this strongly correlated nuclear fuel. * PDOS measurements performed on polycrystalline samples have identified the...

  12. New science at the meso frontier: Dense nanostructure architectures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science; Journal Volume: In Press; Related Information: NEES...

  13. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects

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    Experiments & Projects icon: Energy Frontier Energy Frontier Particle physics experiments at the Energy Frontier explore the fundamental constituents and architecture of the universe. Here accelerators produce the highest-energy particles ever made by man. Experimentalists use particle collisions to search for undiscovered particles and interactions and to learn more about known particles and interactions. icon: Intensity Frontier Intensity Frontier Particle physics experiments at the

  14. Fermilab | Science at Fermilab | Experiments & Projects | Energy...

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    Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Proposed Projects and Experiments Inside view of drift tube in older 200 MeV section of Linac. Inside view of drift tube in older 200 MeV section...

  15. Experiments | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Intensity Frontier » Experiments High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Experiments Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence

  16. RESEARCH IN PARTICLE PHYSICS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kearns, Edward

    2013-07-12

    This is the final report for the Department of Energy Grant to Principal Investigators in Experimental and Theoretical Particle Physics at Boston University. The research performed was in the Energy Frontier at the LHC, the Intensity Frontier at Super-Kamiokande and T2K, the Cosmic Frontier and detector R&D in dark matter detector development, and in particle theory.

  17. Experiments | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Cosmic Frontier » Experiments High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Experiments Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence

  18. Experiments | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Energy Frontier » Experiments High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Experiments Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence

  19. Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd R. Allen

    2011-12-01

    This is a document required by Basic Energy Sciences as part of a mid-term review, in the third year of the five-year award period and is intended to provide a critical assessment of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels (strategic vision, scientific plans and progress, and technical accomplishments).

  20. Exploiting Third Generation Quarks for New Physics Discoveries at the Energy Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Andrew G.

    2013-10-15

    The K-State group's effort is top quark physics and searches for beyond-standard-model physics in t{anti #22;}t final states. The KSU team performed the most precise measurement of the t#22;{anti t} cross section in the lepton + jets channel, and for the first time excluded the fourth generation of the standard model in the perturbative regime.

  1. Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical Catalysis of CO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Appel, Aaron M.; Bercaw, John E.; Bocarsly, Andrew B.; Dobbek, Holger; DuBois, Daniel L.; Dupuis, Michel; Ferry, James G.; Fujita, Etsuko; Hille, Russ; Kenis, Paul; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.; Morris, Robert H.; Peden, Charles HF; Portis, Archie; Ragsdale, Steve; Rauchfuss, Thomas B.; Reek, Joost; Seefeldt, Lance C.; Thauer, Rudolf K.; Waldrop, Grover L.

    2013-08-14

    Our central premise is that catalytic scientists can learn by studying how these important metabolic processes occur in nature. Complementarily, biochemists can learn by studying how catalytic scientists view these same chemical transformations promoted by synthetic catalysts. From these studies, hypotheses can be developed and tested through manipulation of enzyme structure and by synthesizing simple molecular catalysts to incorporate different structural features of the enzymes. It is hoped that these studies will lead to new and useful concepts in catalyst design for fuel production and utilization. This paper describes the results of a workshop held to explore these concepts in regard to the development of new and more efficient catalytic processes for the conversion of CO2 to a variety of carbon-based fuels. The organization of this overview/review is as follows: 1) The first section briefly explores how interactions between the catalysis and biological communities have been fruitful in developing new catalysts for the reduction of protons to hydrogen, the simplest fuel generation reaction. 2) The second section assesses the state of the art in both biological and chemical reduction of CO2 by two electrons to form either carbon monoxide (CO) or formate (HCOO-). It also attempts to identify common principles between biological and synthetic catalysts and productive areas for future research. 3) The third section explores both biological and chemical processes that result in the reduction of CO2 beyond the level of CO and formate, again seeking to identify common principles and productive areas of future research. 4) The fourth section explores the formation of carbon-carbon bonds in biological and chemical systems in the same vein as the other sections. 5) A fifth section addresses the role of non-redox reactions of CO2 in biological systems and their role in carbon metabolism, with a parallel discussion of chemical systems. 6) In section 6, the topics of electrode modification, photochemical systems, and tandem catalysis are briefly discussed. These areas may be important for developing practical systems for CO2 reduction, and they share the common theme of coupling chemical reactions. 7) Section 7 describes some of the crosscutting activities that are critical for advancing the science underpinning catalyst development. 8) The last section attempts to summarize common issues in biological and chemical catalysis and to identify challenges that must be addressed to achieve practical catalysts that are suitable for the reduction of CO2 to fuels.

  2. DOE New Technology: Sharing New Frontiers, April 1, 1993--September 30, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tamura, A.T.; Henline, D.M.

    1993-12-01

    The purpose of DOE New Technology is to provide information on how to access specific technologies developed through research sponsored by DOE and performed by DOE laboratories or by DOE-contracted researchers. This document describes technologies identified as having potential for commercial applications in addition to a catalog of current patent applications and patents available for licensing from DOE and DOE contractors.

  3. Breakout Session: Disruptive Solar Technologies: Frontiers in New Materials and Approaches

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Disruptive solar technologies entering the PV and CSP landscape today hold the potential to greatly impact the future of solar energy conversion. This session will highlight new techniques,...

  4. Breakout Session: The Next Frontier for Solar Deployment: The Mid-Size Market

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With falling costs, continued process standardization, and available financial incentives, the U.S. solar market, generally classified into residential, commercial, and utility sectors, has...

  5. Reducing Our Carbon Footprint: Frontiers in Climate Forecasting (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Collins, Bill

    2011-05-09

    Bill Collins directs Berkeley Lab's research dedicated to atmospheric and climate science. Previously, he headed the development of one of the leading climate models used in international studies of global warming. His work has confirmed that man-made greenhouse gases are probably the main culprits of recent warming and future warming poses very real challenges for the environment and society. A lead author of the most recent assessment of the science of climate change by the United Nations' Integovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Collins wants to create a new kind of climate model, one that will integrate cutting-edge climate science with accurate predictions people can use to plan their lives

  6. The Future of the Earth's Climate: Frontiers in Forecasting (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Collins, Bill

    2011-04-28

    Summer Lecture Series 2007: Berkeley Lab's Bill Collins discusses how observations show that the Earth is warming at a rate unprecedented in recent history, and that human-induced changes in atmospheric chemistry are probably the main culprits. He suggests a need for better observations and understanding of the carbon and hydrological cycles.

  7. Diluted magnetic semiconductors based on Sb2-xVxTe3 | Energy Frontier

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Centers Diluted magnetic semiconductors based on Sb2-xVxTe3 Home Author: J. S. Dyck, P. Hajek, P. Lostak, C. Uher Year: 2002 Abstract: We report on a diluted magnetic semiconductor based on the Sb2Te3 tetradymite structure doped with very low concentrations of vanadium (1-3 at. %). The anomalous transport behavior and robust magnetic hysteresis loops observed in magnetotransport and magnetic measurements are experimental manifestations of the ferromagnetic state in these materials.

  8. Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center Post-Doctoral Position in Advanced Combustion Simulations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EFRC seeks outstanding applicants for the position of post-doctoral research associate to perform research at Cornell University and Sandia National Laboratories on advanced simulations of turbulent combustion. The project involves two simulation methodologies: direct numerical simulation (DNS); and large-eddy simulation (LES) using the filtered density function (FDF) approach. DNS involves minimal modeling, but is restricted (by computational capabilities) to simple geometries and a moderate

  9. EERE Success Story—Mapping the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Partnered with AWS Truepower, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Energy Department’s Wind Program released maps in December 2014 that highlight the potential for wind energy...

  10. EERE Success Story-Mapping the Frontier of New Wind Power Potential...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    previously limited wind resources-such as the southeastern United States-have the opportunity to add new wind power capacity using taller utility-scale wind energy technologies. ...

  11. Online Luminosity Measurement at CMS for Energy Frontier Physics after LS1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stickland, David P.

    2015-09-20

    This proposal was directed towards the measurement of Bunch-by-Bunch and Total Luminosity in the CMS experiment using Single-Crystal Diamond (sCVD) installed close to the Interaction Point - known as the Fast Beam Conditions Monitor, or BCM1F detector. The proposal was successfully carried out and in February 2015 CMS installed its upgraded BCM1F detector. At first collisions in June 2015 the BCM1F was used as the primary luminometer, then in August 2015 a Van De Meer scan has been carried out and the detailed luminometer calibration is under study. In all aspects of performance measurement the upgraded detector has satisfied its design parameters and as an overview of its performance in this report will show, we have high expectations that the detector will be a powerful addition to the luminosity measurement at CMS and LHC. The proposed upgrade of BCM1F was a collaboration of CMS Institutes in Germany (DESY-Zeuthen) and the USA (Princeton) and of CERN itself.

  12. Theoretical Research at the High Energy Frontier: Cosmology, Neutrinos, and Beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krauss, Lawrence M; Vachaspati, Tanmay; Parikh, Maulik

    2013-03-06

    The DOE theory group grew from 2009-2012 from a single investigator, Lawrence Krauss, the PI on the grant, to include 3 faculty (with the addition of Maulik Parikh and Tanmay Vachaspati), and a postdoc covered by the grant, as well as partial support for a graduate student. The group has explored issues ranging from gravity and quantum field theory to topological defects, energy conditions in general relativity, primordial magnetic fields, neutrino astrophysics, quantum phases, gravitational waves from the early universe, dark matter detection schemes, signatures for dark matter at the LHC, and indirect astrophysical signatures for dark matter. In addition, we have run active international workshops each year, as well as a regular visitor program. As well, the PI's outreach activities, including popular books and articles, and columns for newspapers and magazines, as well as television and radio appearances have helped raise the profile of high energy physics internationally. The postdocs supported by the grant, James Dent and Roman Buniy have moved on successfully to a faculty positions in Louisiana and California.

  13. Research Frontiers in Bioinspired Energy: Molecular-Level Learning from Natural Systems: A Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zolandz, Dorothy

    2012-03-28

    An interactive, multidisciplinary, public workshop, organized by a group of experts in biochemistry, biophysics, chemical and biomolecular engineering, chemistry, microbial metabolism, and protein structure and function, was held on January 6-7, 2011 in Washington, DC. Fundamental insights into the biological energy capture, storage, and transformation processes provided by speakers was featured in this workshop?which included topics such as microbes living in extreme environments such as hydrothermal vents or caustic soda lakes (extremophiles)? provided a fascinating basis for discussing the exploration and development of new energy systems. Breakout sessions and extended discussions among the multidisciplinary groups of participants in the workshop fostered information sharing and possible collaborations on future bioinspired research. Printed and web-based materials that summarize the committee?s assessment of what transpired at the workshop were prepared to advance further understanding of fundamental chemical properties of biological systems within and between the disciplines. In addition, webbased materials (including two animated videos) were developed to make the workshop content more accessible to a broad audience of students and researchers working across disciplinary boundaries. Key workshop discussion topics included: Exploring and identifying novel organisms; Identifying patterns and conserved biological structures in nature; Exploring and identifying fundamental properties and mechanisms of known biological systems; Supporting current, and creating new, opportunities for interdisciplinary education, training, and outreach; and Applying knowledge from biology to create new devices and sustainable technology.

  14. Studying the high x frontier with A Fixed-Target ExpeRiment at...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Compostela U. ; Fleuret, F. ; Ecole Polytechnique more ; Schienbein, I. ; Joseph Fourier U. ; Uggerhoj, U.I. ; Aarhus U. ; , less Publication Date: 2013-11-01 OSTI...

  15. Tactical Action Plan: Powering the Energy Frontier (An Appendix to the Strategic Roadmap 2024)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-01-01

    The Tactical Action Plan identifies and describes the Western-wide tasks and activities, existing and new, needed to fully achieve the goals in Strategic Roadmap 2024. Each activity in the TAP chart is briefly described in this document and also linked to the Critical Pathway it supports. As the TAP is a list of specific strategies and actions susceptible to changing environments and needs, the TAP will be updated more frequently as Western progresses towards its goals. The TAP is organized into seven Strategic Target Areas that serve as Western’s priorities and areas of focus for the next two to three years. These Target Areas are: Power and Transmission Related Services; Energy Infrastructure; Partnership and Innovation; Asset Management; Safety and Security; Communication; and Human Capital Management and Organization Structure. Target Areas are also used to create the agency’s annual performance targets, which measure progress and implementation of the TAP, and the status of which will be reported regularly.

  16. Research frontiers in drought-induced tree mortality: Crossing scales and disciplines

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hartmann, Henrik; Adams, Henry D.; Anderegg, William R. L.; Jansen, Steven; Zeppel, Melanie J. B.

    2015-01-12

    Sudden and widespread forest die-back and die-off (e.g., Huang & Anderegg, 2012) and increased mortality rates (e.g., Peng et al., 2011) in many forest ecosystems across the globe have been linked to drought and elevated temperatures (Allen et al., 2010, Fig. 1). Furthermore, these observations have caused a focus on the physiological mechanisms of drought-induced tree mortality (e.g. McDowell et al., 2008) and many studies, both observational and manipulative, have been carried out to explain tree death during drought from a physiological perspective.

  17. Megascience and the Powers and Paradoxes of Pushing Frontiers at Fermilab

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hoddeson, Lillian [University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, United States

    2009-09-01

    To help begin the year of celebration of Fermilab's fortieth anniversary (June 15, 1967), this colloquium will characterize the special brand of bigger 'Big Science' that emerged at Fermilab under Robert R. Wilson and Leon M. Lederman, with attention not only to its powers and beauties but to some of its paradoxes, conflicts, and ironies, due in part to funding limitations.

  18. Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers and Incubator Technologies Funding Opportunity Announcement Webinar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2: Mar 25, 2014 Pat Phelan Manager, Emerging Technologies Program Building Technologies Office 2 None of the information presented here is legally binding. The content included in this presentation is intended only to summarize the contents of funding opportunity DE-FOA-0001027. Any content within this presentation that appears inconsistent from the FOA language is superseded by the FOA language. All Applicants are strongly encouraged to carefully read the FOA guidelines and adhere to them.

  19. Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production | An Energy Frontier Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy The goal of BISfuel is to construct a complete artificial photosynthetic system for solar-powered production of fuels such as hydrogen via water splitting. Design principles are drawn from the fundamental concepts that underlie photosynthesis. The Gust-Moore-Moore group designs artificial photosystems wherein synthetic antennas supply energy from light to the reaction centers, which provide the electrochemical potential energy for

  20. Advancing the Frontiers in Nanocatalysis, Biointerfaces, and Renewable Energy Conversion by Innovations of Surface Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somorjai, G.A.; Frei, H.; Park, J.Y.

    2009-07-23

    The challenge of chemistry in the 21st century is to achieve 100% selectivity of the desired product molecule in multipath reactions ('green chemistry') and develop renewable energy based processes. Surface chemistry and catalysis play key roles in this enterprise. Development of in situ surface techniques such as high-pressure scanning tunneling microscopy, sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy, time-resolved Fourier transform infrared methods, and ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy enabled the rapid advancement of three fields: nanocatalysts, biointerfaces, and renewable energy conversion chemistry. In materials nanoscience, synthetic methods have been developed to produce monodisperse metal and oxide nanoparticles (NPs) in the 0.8-10 nm range with controlled shape, oxidation states, and composition; these NPs can be used as selective catalysts since chemical selectivity appears to be dependent on all of these experimental parameters. New spectroscopic and microscopic techniques have been developed that operate under reaction conditions and reveal the dynamic change of molecular structure of catalysts and adsorbed molecules as the reactions proceed with changes in reaction intermediates, catalyst composition, and oxidation states. SFG vibrational spectroscopy detects amino acids, peptides, and proteins adsorbed at hydrophobic and hydrophilic interfaces and monitors the change of surface structure and interactions with coadsorbed water. Exothermic reactions and photons generate hot electrons in metal NPs that may be utilized in chemical energy conversion. The photosplitting of water and carbon dioxide, an important research direction in renewable energy conversion, is discussed.

  1. Integrated Omics in Systems Biology: The New Frontier for Environmental Biotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazen, Terry C.

    2008-08-12

    Environmental biotechnology encompasses a wide range of characterization, monitoring and control for bioenergy and bioremediation technologies that are based on biological processes. Recent breakthroughs in our understanding of biogeochemical processes and genomics are leading to exciting new and cost effective ways to monitor and manipulate the environment and potentially produce bioenergy fuels as we also cleanup the environment. Indeed, our ability to sequence an entire microbial genome in just a few hours is leading to similar breakthroughs in characterizing proteomes, metabolomes, phenotypes, and fluxes for organisms, populations, and communities. Understanding and modeling functional microbial community structure and stress responses in subsurface environments has tremendous implications for our fundamental understanding of biogeochemistry and the potential for making biofuel breakthroughs. Monitoring techniques that inventory and monitor terminal electron acceptors and electron donors, enzyme probes that measure functional activity in the environment, functional genomic microarrays, phylogenetic microarrays, metabolomics, proteomics, and quantitative PCR are also being rapidly adapted for studies in environmental biotechnology. Integration of all of these new high throughput techniques using the latest advances in bioinformatics and modeling will enable break-through science in environmental biotechnology. A review of these techniques with examples from field studies and lab simulations will be discussed.

  2. Accelerator R&D Stewardship | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Accelerator R&D Stewardship High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs Workshop Reports Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact

  3. Advanced Technology R&D | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Advanced Technology R&D High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  4. Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Research High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301)

  5. Science Drivers of Particle Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Science Drivers of Particle Physics High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  6. Theoretical and Computational Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Theoretical and Computational Physics High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  7. Background | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Background High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs Workshop Reports Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy

  8. HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs Workshop Reports Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact

  9. Mission | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Mission High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs Workshop Reports Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy

  10. Workshop Reports | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Workshop Reports High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs Workshop Reports Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High

  11. Connecting Accelerator RD to User Needs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Science Drivers of Particle Physics Energy Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical and Computational Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Mission Background HEP Accelerator R&D Expertise Connecting Accelerator R&D to User Needs Workshop Reports Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community

  12. Funding Opportunity Coming Soon: Buildings Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunity Coming Soon: Buildings Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) 2016 Funding Opportunity Coming Soon: Buildings Energy Efficiency Frontiers & ...

  13. Frontiers in Assessing the Role of Chemical Speciation And Natural Attenuation on the Bioavailability of Contaminants in the Terrestrial Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerson, A.R.; Anastasio, C.; Crowe, S.; Fowle, D.; Guo, B.; Kennedy, I.; Lombi, E.; Nico, P.S.; Marcus, M.A.; Martin, R.R.; Naftel, S.J.; Nelson, A.J.; Paktunc, D.; Roberts, J.A.; Weisener, C.G.; Werner, M.L.

    2009-05-28

    It has long been recognized that contaminants interact with the solid soil phase via a series of sorption-desorption (all chemicals) and precipitation-dissolution (polar and ionic compounds) reactions including physical migration into micropores and diffusion into the solid phase (see Chapter 2). Until recently the extent of such interactions and the binding with different solid pools was established via a series of chemical extractions (see Chapter 20) and a combination of instrumental techniques. However, none of these techniques provide a true indication of the speciation of contaminants on or in solid minerals and organics. The last decade has witnessed the emergence of tools that provide an assessment of the speciation and attenuation of chemicals at molecular level. In this chapter we provide an overview of the current state-of-the-art for assessing speciation and attenuation of contaminants in the terrestrial environment. Given that speciation and attenuation influence chemical bioavailability, we devote part of this chapter to the application of isotopic dilution techniques to bioavailability assessment. We have not attempted to be exhaustive but rather to highlight a number of studies in sufficient detail so that the reader will be provided with an insight as to whether such approaches are applicable to their field of endeavor and what the realistic outcomes might be.

  14. Interpretation of recent seismic data from a frontier hydrocarbon province: western Rough Creek graben, southern Illinois and western Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertagne, A.J.; Pisasale, E.T.; Leising, T.C.

    1986-05-01

    The northern basement fault of the Rough Creek graben is seismically discernible and has surface expression in the Rough Creek fault zone. The southern basement fault is not clearly defined seismically, but can be inferred from shallow faulting and gravity data. This fault is roughly coincident with the Pennyrile fault zone. Extensional faults that formed the rift boundaries were the sites of late-stage compressional and extensional tectonics. Flower structures observed along the graben boundaries probably indicate post-Pennsylvanian wrench faulting. The basement within the graben plunges north-northwest, with the lowest point occurring south of the Rough Creek fault zone. Pre-Knox sediments thicken to approximately 12,000 in this area. The Knox Megagroup thickens toward the Mississippi Embayment, ranging from 4800 ft (southeastern graben area) to more than 7000 ft (west end of graben). Upper Ordovician to Devonian units also display westward thickening. The top of the Meramecian, New Albany, Maquoketa, and the base of the Knox generate continuous, high-amplitude seismic reflections due to large impedance contrasts between clastic and carbonate units. Shallow oil and gas production (Mississippian and Pennsylvanian) is present in this area. However, deep horizons (Knox, Lower Cambrian) remain relatively untested. Potential hydrocarbon traps in the pre-Knox sequence observed on seismic include fault blocks and updip pinch-outs.

  15. Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Elementary Particle Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Harold G; Kostelecky, V Alan; Musser, James A

    2013-07-29

    The elementary particle physics research program at Indiana University spans a broad range of the most interesting topics in this fundamental field, including important contributions to each of the frontiers identified in the recent report of HEPAP's Particle Physics Prioritization Panel: the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. Experimentally, we contribute to knowledge at the Energy Frontier through our work on the D0 and ATLAS collaborations. We work at the Intensity Frontier on the MINOS and NOvA experiments and participate in R&D for LBNE. We are also very active on the theoretical side of each of these areas with internationally recognized efforts in phenomenology both in and beyond the Standard Model and in lattice QCD. Finally, although not part of this grant, members of the Indiana University particle physics group have strong involvement in several astrophysics projects at the Cosmic Frontier. Our research efforts are divided into three task areas. The Task A group works on D0 and ATLAS; Task B is our theory group; and Task C contains our MINOS, NOvA, and LBNE (LArTPC) research. Each task includes contributions from faculty, senior scientists, postdocs, graduate and undergraduate students, engineers, technicians, and administrative personnel. This work was supported by DOE Grant DE-FG02-91ER40661. In the following, we describe progress made in the research of each task during the final period of the grant, from November 1, 2009 to April 30, 2013.

  16. Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science lecture Frontiers in Science lectures Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next Frontiers in Science lecture LANL scientist Vincenzo Cirigliano asks the question, How did we survive the big bang? in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures. October 31, 2013 Frontiers in Science lecture series is intended to increase local public awareness of the diversity of science and engineering research at the Laboratory. Frontiers in Science lecture

  17. Dr.James J.Spivey

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Links: LSU Energy Frontier Research Center(EFRC): Website US DOE Energy Office of Science: Website Energy Frontier Research Centers: Website Catalysis Today: Website...

  18. Joint inversion in coupled quasi-static poroelasticity (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES) Sponsoring Org: USDOE SC Office of Basic Energy Sciences (SC-22) ...

  19. Molecular Simulation of Carbon Dioxide, Brine, and Clay Mineral...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES) Sponsoring Org: USDOE SC Office of Basic Energy Sciences (SC-22) ...

  20. Contests | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Contests Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science ... May 2011, Washington DC Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest Video ...

  1. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mascarenas selected to attend National Academy of Engineering symposium July 15, 2014 David Mascarenas of the National Security Education Center (NSEC) has been chosen by the National Academy of Engineering to attend their 2014 U.S. Frontiers of Engineering Symposium. About 100 outstanding engineers under the age of 45 will meet for an intensive two and a half day symposium to discuss cutting-edge developments in four areas: Next Generation Robotics, Frontiers in Materials for Batteries, Impacts

  2. ComPASS Present and Future Computing Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ComPASS Present and Future Computing Requirements Panagiotis Spentzouris (Fermilab) for the ComPASS collaboration NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD Accelerators for High Energy Physics § At the Energy Frontier, high- energy particle beam collisions seek to uncover new phenomena * the origin of mass, the nature of dark matter, extra dimensions of space. § At the Intensity Frontier, high-flux beams enable exploration of * neutrino interactions, to answer

  3. Research in Elementary Particle Physics (Technical Report) | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Connect Research in Elementary Particle Physics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Research in Elementary Particle Physics This report details the accomplishments and research results for the High Energy Physics Group at the University of Texas at Arlington at the Energy and Intensity Frontiers. For the Energy Frontier we have made fundamental contributions in the search for supersymmetric particles, proposed to explain the stabilization of the mass of the Higgs Boson - the agent

  4. Heavy Quark and Neutrino Physics Final Report 2011 – 2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton-Smith, Glenn A.; Bolton, Timothy; Ivanov, Andrew; Maravin, Yurii; Ratra, Bharat

    2014-07-21

    This final closeout report covers research supported by the ``Heavy Quark and Neutrino Physics'' grant at Kansas State University during the grant's last renewal period, November 1, 2011, through April 30, 2014. The report begins with an overview of the group, its goals and activities, and personnel. Then summaries are given of achievements in each of the three frontiers: Energy Frontier research in the D0 and CMS experiments; Intensity Frontier research in the Double Chooz and ArgoNeuT experiments as well as research and development for MicroBooNE and LBNE; and Cosmic Frontier and Theoretical research. The report concludes with a list of publications supported by this grant in which our group made a significant contribution during the reporting period, followed by a list of students partially or fully supported by the grant who were awarded a PhD during this period.

  5. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Energy Frontier Research Centers

  6. Alaska Energy Champion: Craig Moore

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Energy Champions is a regular feature spotlighting pioneers of Alaska's new energy frontier.

  7. Chapter 7: Frontiers in assessing the role of chemical speciation and natural attenuation on the bioavailability of contaminants in the terrestrial environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerson, A.R.; Anastasio, C.; Crowe, S.; Fowle, D.; Guo, G.; Kennedy, I.; Lombi, E.; Nico, P.S.; Marcus, M.A.; Martin, R.R.; Naftel, S.J.; Nelson, A.J.; Paktunc, D.; Roberts, J.A.; Weisener, C.G.; Werner, M.L.

    2008-07-18

    It has long been recognised that contaminants interact with the solid soil phase via a series of sorption-desorption (all chemicals) and precipitation-dissolution (polar and ionic compounds) reactions including physical migration into micropores and diffusion into the solid phase (see Chapter 2). Until recently the extent of such interactions and the binding with different solid pools was established via a series of chemical extractions (see Chapter 20) and a combination of instrumental techniques. However, none of these techniques provide a true indication of the speciation of contaminants on or in solid minerals and organics. The last decade has witnessed the emergence of tools that provide an assessment of the speciation and attenuation of chemicals at molecular level. In this chapter we provide an overview of the current state-of-the-art for assessing speciation and attenuation of contaminants in the terrestrial environment. Given that speciation and attenuation influence chemical bioavailability, we devote part of this chapter to the application of isotopic dilution techniques to bioavailability assessment. We have not attempted to be exhaustive but rather to highlight a number of studies in sufficient detail so that the reader will be provided with an insight as to whether such approaches are applicable to their field of endeavour and what the realistic outcomes might be.

  8. Final Technical Report for the Energy Frontier Research Center Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (EFRC:CST)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vanden Bout, David A.

    2015-09-14

    Our EFRC was founded with the vision of creating a broadly collaborative and synergistic program that would lead to major breakthroughs in the molecular-level understanding of the critical interfacial charge separation and charge transfer (CST) processes that underpin the function of candidate materials for organic photovoltaic (OPV) and electrical-energy-storage (EES) applications. Research in these energy contexts shares an imposing challenge: How can we understand charge separation and transfer mechanisms in the presence of immense materials complexity that spans multiple length scales? To address this challenge, our 50-member Center undertook a total of 28 coordinated research projects aimed at unraveling the CST mechanisms that occur at interfaces in these nanostructured materials. This rigorous multi-year study of CST interfaces has greatly illuminated our understanding of early-timescale processes (e.g., exciton generation and dissociation dynamics at OPV heterojunctions; control of Li+-ion charging kinetics by surface chemistry) occurring in the immediate vicinity of interfaces. Program outcomes included: training of 72 graduate student and postdoctoral energy researchers at 5 institutions and spanning 7 academic disciplines in science and engineering; publication of 94 peer-reviewed journal articles; and dissemination of research outcomes via 340 conference, poster and other presentations. Major scientific outcomes included: implementation of a hierarchical strategy for understanding the electronic communication mechanisms and ultimate fate of charge carriers in bulk heterojunction OPV materials; systematic investigation of ion-coupled electron transfer processes in model Li-ion battery electrode/electrolyte systems; and the development and implementation of 14 unique technologies and instrumentation capabilities to aid in probing sub-ensemble charge separation and transfer mechanisms.

  9. Energy Intensity Indicators: Efficiency vs. Intensity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Efficiency improvements in processes and equipment and other explanatory factors can contribute to observed changes in energy intensity. Within the category "other explanatory factors" we can...

  10. Energy Intensity Indicators: Electricity Generation Energy Intensity |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Electricity Generation Energy Intensity Energy Intensity Indicators: Electricity Generation Energy Intensity A kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electric energy delivered to the final user has an energy equivalent to 3,412 British thermal units (Btu). Figure E1, below, tracks how much energy was used by the various categories of electricity generators to produce a kWh of electricity (i.e., the heat rate). As shown in the figure, in 1950, central power plants producing only

  11. Measuring Arithmetic Intensity

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home » For Users » Application Performance » Measuring Arithmetic Intensity Measuring Arithmetic Intensity Arithmetic intensity is a measure of floating-point operations (FLOPs) performed by a given code (or code section) relative to the amount of memory accesses (Bytes) that are required to support those operations. It is most often defined as a FLOP per Byte ratio (F/B). This application note provides a methodology for determining arithmetic intensity using Intel's Software Development

  12. Building-Level Intensities

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,,,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per...

  13. Light intensity compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

    1990-01-01

    In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

  14. Future Accelerator Challenges in Support of High-Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zisman, Michael S.; Zisman, M.S.

    2008-05-03

    Historically, progress in high-energy physics has largely been determined by development of more capable particle accelerators. This trend continues today with the imminent commissioning of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, and the worldwide development effort toward the International Linear Collider. Looking ahead, there are two scientific areas ripe for further exploration--the energy frontier and the precision frontier. To explore the energy frontier, two approaches toward multi-TeV beams are being studied, an electron-positron linear collider based on a novel two-beam powering system (CLIC), and a Muon Collider. Work on the precision frontier involves accelerators with very high intensity, including a Super-BFactory and a muon-based Neutrino Factory. Without question, one of the most promising approaches is the development of muon-beam accelerators. Such machines have very high scientific potential, and would substantially advance the state-of-the-art in accelerator design. The challenges of the new generation of accelerators, and how these can be accommodated in the accelerator design, are described. To reap their scientific benefits, all of these frontier accelerators will require sophisticated instrumentation to characterize the beam and control it with unprecedented precision.

  15. Energy Intensity and Carbon Intensity by the Numbers | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Intensity and Carbon Intensity by the Numbers Energy Intensity and Carbon Intensity by the Numbers

  16. Precision electroweak studies using parity violation in electron scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paschke, Kent D,

    2013-11-01

    The nature of new neutral-current interactions can be revealed at the low-energy precision frontier, where studies of parity-violation in electron scattering will complement the energy-frontier studies at the LHC. Measurements of the parity-violating observable APV - the cross-section asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from an unpolarized target - are sensitive to possible contact interactions from new physics at multi-TeV mass scales. The 12 GeV upgrade at JLab and a new, high-intensity beam at Mainz offer opportunities for significant improvements in measurements of electron-electron and electron-quark parity-violating interactions.

  17. Beyond Pluto: The Search for the Edge of the Solar System focus...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers in Science lectures Beyond Pluto: The Search for the Edge of the Solar System focus of upcoming Frontiers in Science lectures Herb Funsten will explore the edge of the...

  18. Solar and nuclear energy expertise to be enhanced by research...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy frontier research centers Solar and nuclear energy expertise to be enhanced by research centers Los Alamos will be home to two new Energy Frontier Research Centers through a ...

  19. Future directions of accelerator-based NP and HEP facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roser, T.

    2011-07-24

    Progress in particle and nuclear physics has been closely connected to the progress in accelerator technologies - a connection that is highly beneficial to both fields. This paper presents a review of the present and future facilities and accelerator technologies that will push the frontiers of high-energy particle interactions and high intensity secondary particle beams.

  20. Multiferroicity of Carbon-Based Charge-Transfer Magnets (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy ... Subject: catalysis (homogeneous), catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), solar ...

  1. Comments from The Center for Democracy and Technology and the Electric

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Frontier Foundation: Implementing the Fips in the Smart Grid | Department of Energy from The Center for Democracy and Technology and the Electric Frontier Foundation: Implementing the Fips in the Smart Grid Comments from The Center for Democracy and Technology and the Electric Frontier Foundation: Implementing the Fips in the Smart Grid The Center for Democracy & Technology and the Electronic Frontier Foundation are pleased to file these comments in response to the September 17, 2010

  2. Research Projects | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Projects Bioinspired Materials Complex Hydrides - A new Frontier of Future Energy Applications Complex States, Emergent Phenomena, & Superconductivity in Intermetallic &...

  3. Exploring Mars with Curiosity subject of next Los Alamos National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Frontiers in science lectures Frontiers in Science lectures Exploring Mars with Curiosity subject of next Los Alamos National Laboratory Frontiers in science lectures Roger Wiens talks about the NASA Mars Curiosity rover. May 1, 2013 Roger Wiens and the Curiosity rover. Roger Wiens and the Curiosity rover. Contact Steve Sandoval Communications Office (505) 665-9206 Email Sponsored by the Fellows of Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Frontiers in Science lecture series is intended

  4. ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio:

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry | Department of Energy Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry PDF icon eip_report.pdf More Documents & Publications Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry Energy Technology

  5. Energy Intensity Indicators: Coverage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This system of energy intensity indicators for total energy covers the economy as a whole and each of the major end-use sectors—transportation, industry, commercial, and residential, as well as the electric power sector. These sectors are shown in Figure 1. More detail for some of these sectors can be obtained by accessing the file "End-Use Sector Flowchart" below Figure 1.

  6. Intense fusion neutron sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuteev, B. V.; Goncharov, P. R.; Sergeev, V. Yu.; Khripunov, V. I.

    2010-04-15

    The review describes physical principles underlying efficient production of free neutrons, up-to-date possibilities and prospects of creating fission and fusion neutron sources with intensities of 10{sup 15}-10{sup 21} neutrons/s, and schemes of production and application of neutrons in fusion-fission hybrid systems. The physical processes and parameters of high-temperature plasmas are considered at which optimal conditions for producing the largest number of fusion neutrons in systems with magnetic and inertial plasma confinement are achieved. The proposed plasma methods for neutron production are compared with other methods based on fusion reactions in nonplasma media, fission reactions, spallation, and muon catalysis. At present, intense neutron fluxes are mainly used in nanotechnology, biotechnology, material science, and military and fundamental research. In the near future (10-20 years), it will be possible to apply high-power neutron sources in fusion-fission hybrid systems for producing hydrogen, electric power, and technological heat, as well as for manufacturing synthetic nuclear fuel and closing the nuclear fuel cycle. Neutron sources with intensities approaching 10{sup 20} neutrons/s may radically change the structure of power industry and considerably influence the fundamental and applied science and innovation technologies. Along with utilizing the energy produced in fusion reactions, the achievement of such high neutron intensities may stimulate wide application of subcritical fast nuclear reactors controlled by neutron sources. Superpower neutron sources will allow one to solve many problems of neutron diagnostics, monitor nano-and biological objects, and carry out radiation testing and modification of volumetric properties of materials at the industrial level. Such sources will considerably (up to 100 times) improve the accuracy of neutron physics experiments and will provide a better understanding of the structure of matter, including that of the neutron itself.

  7. French intensive truck garden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, T D

    1983-01-01

    The French Intensive approach to truck gardening has the potential to provide substantially higher yields and lower per acre costs than do conventional farming techniques. It was the intent of this grant to show that there is the potential to accomplish the gains that the French Intensive method has to offer. It is obvious that locally grown food can greatly reduce transportation energy costs but when there is the consideration of higher efficiencies there will also be energy cost reductions due to lower fertilizer and pesticide useage. As with any farming technique, there is a substantial time interval for complete soil recovery after there have been made substantial soil modifications. There were major crop improvements even though there was such a short time since the soil had been greatly disturbed. It was also the intent of this grant to accomplish two other major objectives: first, the garden was managed under organic techniques which meant that there were no chemical fertilizers or synthetic pesticides to be used. Second, the garden was constructed so that a handicapped person in a wheelchair could manage and have a higher degree of self sufficiency with the garden. As an overall result, I would say that the garden has taken the first step of success and each year should become better.

  8. INTERACTIVE: Energy Intensity and Carbon Intensity by the Numbers |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy INTERACTIVE: Energy Intensity and Carbon Intensity by the Numbers INTERACTIVE: Energy Intensity and Carbon Intensity by the Numbers February 19, 2016 - 11:53am Addthis Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Visualization and Cartographic Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Watch our CO2 drop dramatically compared to other countries in this interactive Curious about the total amount of carbon we emit into the atmosphere? Compare countries from around the globe using this tool. If

  9. Alternative (Potentially Green) Separations Media: Aqueous Biphasic and Related Systems � Extending the Frontier Final Report For Period September 1, 2002 � January 31, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robin D. Rogers

    2007-06-25

    Through the current DoE-BES funding, we have extended our fundamental understanding of the critical phase separation of aqueous polymer solutions at the molecular level, and have developed a similar understanding of their application as novel solvent systems. Our principal aims included mode of delivery of the aqueous biphasic system (ABS) solvent system and the application of this system to problems of reactive extraction. In the former case we have developed novel solid phase analogues, in the form of cross-linked polyethylene glycol hydrogels, and in the latter case we have examined the role that ABS might play in reaction engineering, with a view to greener, simpler, and safer processes. We have also developed a new salt/salt ABS and have extended our understanding of this system as well. The major outcomes are as follows: (1) Through the use of variable temperature phase diagrams, coupled with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements of the phases, a better understanding of the thermodynamics of phase formation was obtained. Evidence to the existence and role of an upper critical solution temperature (UCST) or lower critical solution temperature (LCST) (or both) in these systems was gained. With variable temperature solute partitioning, thermodynamic parameters were calculated, and inter-system comparisons were made. Through the use of Abraham's linear solvation energy regression (LSER) the solvent-solute properties of liquid/liquid ABS were examined. We have shown that ABS are indeed very tunable and LSERs have been used as a tool to compare these systems to traditional organic/water and other liquid/liquid systems. (2) We have successfully shown the development of novel reaction media for chemical synthesis and reaction; Aqueous Biphasic Reactive Extraction (ABRE). As a proof of concept, we have shown the synthesis of adipic acid from cyclohexene in an ABS, which represents an important development in the exploitation of this technology. Previous oxidations of this type have relied on the use of phase transfer catalysts, which are expensive to produce and difficult to recover. In this reaction the polyethylene glycol (PEG) phase seems to function simultaneously as the phase transfer catalyst, the reaction solvent, and to provide the reaction driving force. (3) PEG hydrogels may be used as probes for their macroscopic analogues by which the molecular events underlying the phase behavior of polymer-salt systems can be investigated. The properties of covalently cross-linked PEG hydrogels have been studied. It was demonstrated that these hydrogels could be thought of as analogous to polymer/salt ABS without phase separation. The salts examined cause collapse of the hydrogel, and there is a physical limit to the degree of collapse that can be achieved. In addition, salts bringing about significant collapse are only prevented from reaching this limit by the limits of their own solubility. This lead to our discovery that PEG will phase separate with KSCN at high enough concentration of polymer and salt. We have also successfully shown the development of an IL-PEG hydrogel as well as a Si-modified PEG hydrogel. We have also demonstrated for the first time that this cross-linked PEG matrix has been used to gel non-aqueous solvents. (4) The use of hydrophilic ionic liquids (ILs) in separation schemes has been accomplished via a 'salting out' technique using inorganic, kosmotropic salts that is applicable to many classes of these materials. We have begun to obtain a deeper knowledge about the role that each component plays in the process, including that of the ionic liquid cation and anion, the kosmotropic salt cation and anions, as well as the distribution of water in the system. This is allowing us to design separation systems with desired properties. In addition, temperature studies on these aqueous biphasic systems are revealing thermodynamic data for the first time, so that we can quantitate the importance of entropic and enthalpic contributions to the biphase-forming process.

  10. Neutral particle beam intensity controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dagenhart, W.K.

    1984-05-29

    The neutral beam intensity controller is based on selected magnetic defocusing of the ion beam prior to neutralization. The defocused portion of the beam is dumped onto a beam dump disposed perpendicular to the beam axis. Selective defocusing is accomplished by means of a magnetic field generator disposed about the neutralizer so that the field is transverse to the beam axis. The magnetic field intensity is varied to provide the selected partial beam defocusing of the ions prior to neutralization. The desired focused neutral beam portion passes along the beam path through a defining aperture in the beam dump, thereby controlling the desired fraction of neutral particles transmitted to a utilization device without altering the kinetic energy level of the desired neutral particle fraction. By proper selection of the magnetic field intensity, virtually zero through 100% intensity control of the neutral beam is achieved.

  11. Data-Intensive Benchmarking Suite

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2008-11-26

    The Data-Intensive Benchmark Suite is a set of programs written for the study of data-or storage-intensive science and engineering problems, The benchmark sets cover: general graph searching (basic and Hadoop Map/Reduce breadth-first search), genome sequence searching, HTTP request classification (basic and Hadoop Map/Reduce), low-level data communication, and storage device micro-beachmarking

  12. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

  13. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, L.H.

    1995-10-17

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

  14. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, L.H.

    1994-08-16

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

  15. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

    1995-01-01

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

  16. Energy Intensity Indicators: Overview of Concepts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Intensity Indicators website reports changes in energy intensity in the United States since 1970. The website discusses, and presents data for, energy intensity trends by major end-use...

  17. Neutral particle beam intensity controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dagenhart, William K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1986-01-01

    A neutral beam intensity controller is provided for a neutral beam generator in which a neutral beam is established by accelerating ions from an ion source into a gas neutralizer. An amplitude modulated, rotating magnetic field is applied to the accelerated ion beam in the gas neutralizer to defocus the resultant neutral beam in a controlled manner to achieve intensity control of the neutral beam along the beam axis at constant beam energy. The rotating magnetic field alters the orbits of ions in the gas neutralizer before they are neutralized, thereby controlling the fraction of neutral particles transmitted out of the neutralizer along the central beam axis to a fusion device or the like. The altered path or defocused neutral particles are sprayed onto an actively cooled beam dump disposed perpendicular to the neutral beam axis and having a central open for passage of the focused beam at the central axis of the beamline. Virtually zero therough 100% intensity control is achieved by varying the magnetic field strength without altering the ion source beam intensity or its species yield.

  18. Energy Intensity Indicators: Highlights | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Highlights Energy Intensity Indicators: Highlights This page highlights the major changes in the overall energy intensity for the United States, as well as summarizing changes in ...

  19. Beyond the Standard Model Theory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Beyond the Standard Model Theory Beyond the Standard Model Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email Bruce Carlsten (505) 667-5657 Email LHC physics at Los Alamos The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is studying the structure of matter at sub-nucleon distance scales by colliding protons together at high center of mass energy. The LHC has a broad scientific program, performing studies of QCD, heavy quarks, the W and Z

  20. Theoretical Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HEP Theoretical Physics Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email Bruce Carlsten (505) 667-5657 Email HEP Theory at Los Alamos The Theoretical High Energy Physics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory is active in a number of diverse areas of research. Their primary areas of interest are in physics beyond the Standard Model, cosmology, dark matter, lattice quantum chromodynamics, neutrinos, the fundamentals of