National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for fresh food compartments

  1. Compartment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the following commentsMethods for Estimating:I Compartment 860 Soils Soil

  2. Compartment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the following commentsMethods for Estimating:I Compartment 860 Soils Soil4 N A

  3. Compartment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the following commentsMethods for Estimating:I Compartment 860 Soils Soil4 N

  4. Compartment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the following commentsMethods for Estimating:I Compartment 860 Soils Soil4 N29

  5. Competitive Food Supply Chain Networks Application to Fresh Produce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Competitive Food Supply Chain Networks with Application to Fresh Produce Min Yu1 Anna Nagurney 2 1 Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN October 6-9, 2013 Yu and Nagurney Food Supply Chain Networks 1 / 41 #12 Program. Yu and Nagurney Food Supply Chain Networks 2 / 41 #12;This talk is based on the paper: Yu, M

  6. Competitive Food Supply Chain Networks Application to Fresh Produce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Competitive Food Supply Chain Networks with Application to Fresh Produce Min Yu Department Research 224(2) (2013) pp 273-282. Abstract: In this paper, we develop a network-based food supply chain- corporates food deterioration through the introduction of arc multipliers, with the inclusion

  7. Competitive Food Supply Chain Networks Application to Fresh Produce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Competitive Food Supply Chain Networks with Application to Fresh Produce Min Yu1 Anna Nagurney 2 1 Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA May 9-12, 2014 Yu and Nagurney Food Supply Chain Networks 1 / 43 #12 Program. Yu and Nagurney Food Supply Chain Networks 2 / 43 #12;This talk is based on the paper: Yu, M

  8. Food deserts and access to fresh food in low-income San Diego

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puhl, Emily Theresa

    2011-01-01

    R. Kaufman (2003) “Exploring Food Purchase Behavior of Low-Do the Poor Still Pay More? Food Price Variations in Largeand Pavan Yadav. 2008. “Beyond Food Deserts: Measuring and

  9. Safe Handling of Fresh Strawberries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    This publication explains how to prevent food-borne illness by choosing, transporting, storing and preparing fresh strawberries safely....

  10. Improving Food Acess in South and West Berkeley: An Evaluation of the Farm Fresh Choice Farmers Market Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messerschmidt, Matthew T

    2006-01-01

    of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity.Cancer Research. (1997). Food, Nutrition and the Preventionin Relation to Healthy Food Choice. Journal of Consulting

  11. Safe Handling of Fresh Tomatoes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    before you eat or prepare them. Before handling fresh tomatoes, wash your hands with hot, soapy water for 20 seconds. Dry them with a paper towel. Wash and sanitize all food preparation areas and utensils with a solution of 1 teaspoon of chlo- rine..., soaps or bleach to wash fresh tomatoes. These chemicals may change the flavor and could be poisonous. When cutting or chopping tomatoes, use separate cutting boards and utensils for raw meats and fresh tomatoes, or wash and sanitize them between...

  12. A Decision Support System to design1 modified atmosphere packaging for fresh2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croitoru, Madalina

    ;Abstract18 To design new packaging for fresh food stakeholders of the food19 chain express their needs (i) fresh food related characteristics and (ii) packaging intrinsic charac-22 teristics. Modified materials, process ability,30 waste management constraints, etc. For instance, the user may have31

  13. Contaminating Fresh Waters (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is illegal to discharge any dyestuff, coal tar, oil, sawdust, poison, or deleterious substances into any fresh running waters in Florida in quantities sufficient to injure, stupefy, or kill fish...

  14. Compartment models M. Blomhj, T.H. Kjeldsen, and J. Ottesen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olufsen, Mette Sofie

    of animals and plants, and the flow between compartments could account for uptake and loss of food (or energy, or it can be removed through a drain or a sink. Think of a bathtub, where water (the well-mixed material) is added through the faucet and leaves through the drain. In the example above, the material was water

  15. Safe Handling of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    paper towel. Also wash all utensils, countertops and cutting boards with hot, soapy water. Then sanitize them with a mixture of 1 teaspoon chlorine bleach in 1 quart of water. Do this before and after preparing food. It is especially important... to wash and sanitize cutting boards and utensils that have been in contact with raw meat before using them with fresh produce. Wash all whole fruits and vegetables before preparing them?even if the skin or rind will not be eaten. This prevents...

  16. Vehicle hydraulic system that provides heat for passenger compartment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bartley, Bradley E. (Manito, IL); Blass, James R. (Bloomington, IL); Gibson, Dennis H. (Chillicothe, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A vehicle includes a vehicle housing which defines a passenger compartment. Attached to the vehicle housing is a hydraulic system, that includes a hydraulic fluid which flows through at least one passageway within the hydraulic system. Also attached to the vehicle housing is a passenger compartment heating system. The passenger compartment heating system includes a heat exchanger, wherein a portion of the heat exchanger is a segment of the at least one passageway of the hydraulic system.

  17. Security of Foreign Intelligence Information and Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1993-07-23

    The order establishes responsibilities and authorities for protecting Foreign Intelligence Information (FII) and Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities (SCIFs) within DOE. Supersedes DOE 5639.8.

  18. Optimising the Fresh Air Economiser 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biship, R.

    2013-01-01

    and operation of the Fresh Air Economizer is well described in the literature (Zhou 2008, Wang 2007). A typical Fresh Air Economizer varies the OA damper position to target the lowest possible mixed-air, on-coil temperature, when ambient temperatures... in a steady-state rise of 590 ppm above ambient, or 1040 ppm at 450 ppm ambient. However, at higher densities, say 20 people/100 m2 (20 people/1,000 ft2), the required ventilation totals only 0.80 L/s.m2 (160 cfm/1000 ft2), or effectively 4 L...

  19. Electron Beam Pasteurization of Fresh Fruit for Neutropenic Diet: E-beam Reduces Bioburden While Preserving Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Bianca R

    2013-08-09

    microorganisms from fresh produce. Electron beam (e-beam) irradiation is a non-thermal process that has been approved by the FDA to treat fresh foods and is able to eliminate bacteria. Another technology used to extend shelf life is modified atmosphere packaging...

  20. Safe Home Food Storage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    2002-08-22

    leftovers? The charts in this publication give storage times for many leftover foods. Planning and us- ing leftovers carefully can save money and time. To prevent food-borne illness, it is important to prepare and handle foods properly: a78 Wash your hands.... Cooked fish or shellfish 2-3 days 3 months Canned fish or shellfish (unopened) 12 months (opened) 1 day Surimi seafood 2 weeks 9 months Fruits Fresh Do not wash fruit before storing?mois- Apples 1 month ture encourages spoilage?but wash Apricots, avocados...

  1. Safe Handling of Fresh Oranges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    hands before and after handling food and after touching raw meat, changing a diaper, using the restroom, handling a pet or touching anything that could contaminate your hands. Then dry your hands with a paper towel. Wash and sanitize all the food... for raw meats and oranges, or wash and sanitize them between foods. This will prevent any patho- gens on the raw meat from being transferred to the oranges. Refrigerate leftover cut and/or peeled oranges within 2 hours. If they are left unrefrigerated...

  2. Multi-echelon inventory optimization for fresh produce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limvorasak, Saran

    2013-01-01

    For fresh produce, the product freshness is a key value to end consumers. Retailers try to maximize product freshness at retail stores while maintaining high product availability. Fresh produce that is close to the end of ...

  3. Regionally compartmented groundwater flow on Mars Keith P. Harrison1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Keith

    Regionally compartmented groundwater flow on Mars Keith P. Harrison1 and Robert E. Grimm1 Received] Groundwater flow on Mars likely contributed to the formation of several types of morphologic and mineralogic of groundwater flow required for their formation. For groundwater simulation purposes, a global Martian aquifer

  4. Selecting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    and Vegetables Amanda Scott* E-197 9/08 This publication was sponsored by a grant from the Initiative for Future Agriculture Food Systems, a program of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, which is an agency of the United States...

  5. Safe Handling of Fresh Cantaloupe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    , using the restroom, handling a pet or touching anything that could contaminate your hands. Then dry your hands with a paper towel. Wash and sanitize all food preparation areas and utensils with a solution of 1 teaspoon chlo- rine bleach in 1 quart... of water. This includes your fruit/vegetable brush. Wash all whole cantaloupes thoroughly in a clean sink under clean, running water. Use a clean and sanitized fruit/vegetable brush to vigorously scrub the outside of the cantaloupe under running...

  6. Washing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    seconds before and after handling food, and after touching raw meat, changing a diaper, using the restroom, handling a pet or touching anything that could contami- nate your hands. Then dry your hands with a paper towel. Also wash and sanitize all.... Wash the sink with hot, soapy water and then rinse it. Sanitize the sink by pouring a mixture of 1 teaspoon of chlorine bleach in 1 quart of water into the sink. Wash the produce Wash all whole fruits and vegetables before preparing them ? even...

  7. Effects of sodium lactate and sodium propionate on the sensory, microbial, and chemical characteristics of fresh aerobically stored ground beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckert, Laura Anne

    1995-01-01

    EFFECTS OF SODIUM LACTATE AND SODIUM PROPIONATE ON THE SENSORY, MICROBIAL, AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FRESH AEROBICALLY STORED GROUND BEEF A Thesis by LAURA ANNE ECKERT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1995 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology EFFECTS OF SODIUM LACTATE AND SODIUM PROPIONATE ON THE SENSORY, MICROBIAL, AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FRESH...

  8. Safe Storage of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    Proper storage of fresh fruits and vegetables can help consumers avoid foodborne illness. This publication explains how to safely store apples, bananas, berries, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, grapes, herbs, lettuce and greens, melons, nectarines...

  9. Electrowinning process with electrode compartment to avoid contamination of electrolyte

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Poa, Davis S. (Naperville, IL); Pierce, R. Dean (Naperville, IL); Mulcahey, Thomas P. (Downers Grove, IL); Johnson, Gerald K. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1993-01-01

    An electrolytic process and apparatus for reducing calcium oxide in a molten electrolyte of CaCl.sub.2 -CaF.sub.2 with a graphite anode in which particles or other contamination from the anode is restricted by the use of a porous barrier in the form of a basket surrounding the anode which may be removed from the electrolyte to burn the graphite particles, and wherein the calcium oxide feed is introduced to the anode compartment to increase the oxygen ion concentration at the anode.

  10. Targeted Inactivation of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium in Fresh Cantaloupe Flesh (Cucumis melo L.) Using Electron Beam Irradiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chimbombi, Ezekiel M.

    2011-08-08

    Food irradiation is costly in terms of the energy utilized and the time spent, therefore, it is imperative to optimize it in order to avoid sub lethal dose or an overdose both of which have detrimental effects on the quality of fresh produce...

  11. The effects of chlorine, washing and evisceration on microbial population and storage-life of fresh fish 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Charles Wade

    1977-01-01

    THE EFFECTS OF CHLORINE, WASHING AND EVISCERATION ON THE MICROBIAL POPULATION AND STORAGE-LIFE OF FRESH FISH A Thesis by CHARLES MADE NEAL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM Univ rsity in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Augu t 1977 Major Subject: Food Technology THE EFFECTS OF CHLORINE& WASHING lQ', D EVISCEPATION ON THE MICROBIAL POPULATION AND STORAGE-LIFE OF FRESH FISH A Thesis by CHARLES WADE NEAL Approved as to style and content...

  12. Remote Food Shopping Robot System in a Supermarket Realization of the shopping task from remote places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohya, Akihisa

    Remote Food Shopping Robot System in a Supermarket ­Realization of the shopping task from remote and usage in human daily life. The specific task we set up in this research is to help people buy fresh food range finder, and the communication interface. With this system, the selection of the food item

  13. Synchronous compartment temperature control and apparatus for refrigeration with reduced energy consumption

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gomes, Alberto Regio; Keres, Stephen L.; Kuehl, Stephen J.; Litch, Andrew D.; Richmond, Peter J.; Wu, Guolian

    2015-09-22

    A refrigerator appliance configuration, and associated methods of operation, for an appliance with a controller, a condenser, at least one evaporator, a compressor, and two refrigeration compartments. The configuration may be equipped with a variable-speed or variable-capacity compressor, variable speed evaporator or compartment fans, a damper and/or a dual-temperature evaporator with a valve system to control flow of refrigerant through one or more pressure reduction devices. The controller, by operation of the compressor, fans, damper and/or valve system, depending on the appliance configuration, controls the cooling rate in one or both compartments to synchronize, alternating cycles of cooling the compartments to their set point temperatures.

  14. Nanoencapsulation Strategies for Antimicrobial Controlled Release to Enhance Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce Safety 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Laura Ellen

    2014-05-03

    shelf-life study to determine if there were any effects of the particles on fresh-cut romaine lettuce quality over the course of storage. The antimicrobial nanoparticles did not significantly affect (P>0.05) overall product quality, making encapsulated...

  15. Compiling array computations for the Fresh Breeze Parallel Processor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzburg, Igor Arkadiy

    2007-01-01

    Fresh Breeze is a highly parallel architecture currently under development, which strives to provide high performance scientific computing with simple programmability. The architecture provides for multithreaded determinate ...

  16. Close-To-Practice Assessment Of Meat Freshness With Metal Oxide Sensor Microarray Electronic Nose

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Musatov, V. Yu.; Sysoev, V. V.; Sommer, M.; Kiselev, I.

    2009-05-23

    In this report we estimate the ability of KAMINA e-nose, based on a metal oxide sensor (MOS) microarray and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) pattern recognition, to evaluate meat freshness. The received results show that, 1) one or two exposures of standard meat samples to the e-nose are enough for the instrument to recognize the fresh meat prepared by the same supplier with 100% probability; 2) the meat samples of two kinds, stored at 4 deg. C and 25 deg. C, are mutually recognized at early stages of decay with the help of the LDA model built independently under the e-nose training to each kind of meat; 3) the 3-4 training cycles of exposure to meat from different suppliers are necessary for the e-nose to build a reliable LDA model accounting for the supplier factor. This study approves that the MOS e-nose is ready to be currently utilised in food industry for evaluation of product freshness. The e-nose performance is characterized by low training cost, a confident recognition power of various product decay conditions and easy adjustment to changing conditions.

  17. Data Freshness and Overload Handling in Embedded Systems Thomas Gustafssona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Freshness and Overload Handling in Embedded Systems Thomas Gustafssona and J¨orgen Hanssonb@sei.cmu.edu Abstract In this paper we consider data freshness and overload handling in embedded systems. The requirements on data management and overload handling are derived from an engine control software. Data items

  18. Proper Food Handling, Food Safety, and Sanitation Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cleaning Warewashing: Either a commercial dishwasher or a 3-compartment sink set-up must be utilized

  19. Mixed Oxide Fresh Fuel Package Auxiliary Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yapuncich, F.; Ross, A. [AREVA Federal Services (AFS), Tacoma WA (United States); Clark, R.H. [Shaw AREVA MOX Services, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States); Ammerman, D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2008-07-01

    The United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is overseeing the construction the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) on the Savannah River Site. The new facility, being constructed by NNSA's contractor Shaw AREVA MOX Services, will fabricate fuel assemblies utilizing surplus plutonium as feedstock. The fuel will be used in designated commercial nuclear reactors. The MOX Fresh Fuel Package (MFFP), which has recently been licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as a type B package (USA/9295/B(U)F-96), will be utilized to transport the fabricated fuel assemblies from the MFFF to the nuclear reactors. It was necessary to develop auxiliary equipment that would be able to efficiently handle the high precision fuel assemblies. Also, the physical constraints of the MFFF and the nuclear power plants require that the equipment be capable of loading and unloading the fuel assemblies both vertically and horizontally. The ability to reconfigure the load/unload evolution builds in a large degree of flexibility for the MFFP for the handling of many types of both fuel and non fuel payloads. The design and analysis met various technical specifications including dynamic and static seismic criteria. The fabrication was completed by three major fabrication facilities within the United States. The testing was conducted by Sandia National Laboratories. The unique design specifications and successful testing sequences will be discussed. (authors)

  20. Instantaneous In-Situ Determination of Water-Cement Ratio of Fresh Concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mancio, Mauricio; Moore, Jeffrey R.; Brooks, Zenzile; Monteiro, Paulo J. M.; Glaser, Steve D.

    2010-01-01

    of fresh concrete (0% fly ash) Table 4 – Relationshipof fresh concrete (0% fly ash) electrical resistivity (?-m)resistivity and w/cm ratio of fresh concrete (25% fly ash)

  1. Radio Wave Propagation in Metal Train Compartments MSc thesis in Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    #12;#12;Radio Wave Propagation in Metal Train Compartments MSc thesis in Embedded Systems Faculty Yaowen Khee January 12, 2009 #12;#12;Author Yaowen Khee yb.khee@gmail.com Title Radio Wave Propagation of multiple nodes, each with the ability to communicate using radio waves. The characteristics of the radio

  2. Herpesviral replication compartments move and coalesce at nuclear speckles to enhance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knipe, David M.

    Herpesviral replication compartments move and coalesce at nuclear speckles to enhance export at and reorganize nuclear speckles. Lastly, distinct effects of actin and myosin inhibitors on viral gene expression of transcriptionally active RCs with nuclear speckles to form structures that enhance export of viral late mRNAs. gene

  3. The management, use, and stewardship of fresh water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The management, use, and stewardship of fresh water resources is an increasingly important in the physical mechanisms of water movement from an integrated perspective and studies the links between disturbances on water quality, forest hydrology, and technology transfer. http

  4. Designing and compiling functional Java for the Fresh Breeze architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, William J., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    The Fresh Breeze architecture is a novel approach to computing that aims to support a high degree of parallelism. Rather than striving for heroic complexity in order to support exceptional single-thread performance, as in ...

  5. Introduction Florida ranks second among the states in fresh market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    corn, tomatoes and watermelons. Florida ranks second in fresh market value of strawberry, sweet pepper.5 % of the state's total value. Other major crops with a lesser proportion of the 2009 crop value were strawberry

  6. Calculation of the relative metastabilities of proteins in subcellular compartments of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey M. Dick

    2008-12-01

    [abridged] Background: The distribution of chemical species in an open system at metastable equilibrium can be expressed as a function of environmental variables which can include temperature, oxidation-reduction potential and others. Calculations of metastable equilibrium for various model systems were used to characterize chemical transformations among proteins and groups of proteins found in different compartments of yeast cells. Results: With increasing oxygen fugacity, the relative metastability fields of model proteins for major subcellular compartments go as mitochondrion, endoplasmic reticulum, cytoplasm, nucleus. In a metastable equilibrium setting at relatively high oxygen fugacity, proteins making up actin are predominant, but those constituting the microtubule occur with a low chemical activity. A reaction sequence involving the microtubule and spindle pole proteins was predicted by combining the known intercompartmental interactions with a hypothetical program of oxygen fugacity changes in the local environment. In further calculations, the most-abundant proteins within compartments generally occur in relative abundances that only weakly correspond to a metastable equilibrium distribution. However, physiological populations of proteins that form complexes often show an overall positive or negative correlation with the relative abundances of proteins in metastable assemblages. Conclusions: This study explored the outlines of a thermodynamic description of chemical transformations among interacting proteins in yeast cells. The results suggest that these methods can be used to measure the degree of departure of a natural biochemical process or population from a local minimum in Gibbs energy.

  7. Fresh nuclear fuel measurements at Ukrainian nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef; Ewing, Tom; Dickman, Debbie; Gavrilyuk, Victor; Drapey, Sergey; Kirischuk, Vladimir; Strilchuk, Nikolay

    2009-01-01

    In 2005, the Provisions on Nuclear Material Measurement System was enacted in Ukraine as an important regulatory driver to support international obligations in nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation. It defines key provisions and requirements for material measurement and measurement control programs to ensure the quality and reliability of measurement data within the framework of the State MC&A System. Implementing the Provisions requires establishing a number of measurement techniques for both fresh and spent nuclear fuel for various types of Ukrainian reactors. Our first efforts focused on measurements of fresh nuclear fuel from a WWR-1000 power reactor.

  8. Percent body fat estimations in college women using field and laboratory methods: a three-compartment model approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Jordan R.; Hull, Holly R.; Tobkin, Sarah E.; Teramoto, Masaru; Karabulut, Murat; Roberts, Michael D.; Ryan, Eric D.; Kim, So Jung; Dalbo, Vincent J.; Herda, Ashley A.

    2007-11-07

    -free mass and fat mass can be used to identify minimal nutri- tion requirements and resting energy expenditure [2,3]. Additionally, sports nutrition experts can utilize body composition values to develop specific dietary interven- tions. Validated laboratory... is not in total agreement when comparing HW to the multiple-compartment model in adult women [4,8]. Ultimately, both multiple- compartment models and HW entail greater facility requirements and are more costly compared to more con- venient field methods...

  9. TECHNICAL NOTE Geotechnical properties of fresh cement groutpressure ltration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Malcolm

    TECHNICAL NOTE Geotechnical properties of fresh cement groutÐpressure ®ltration and consolidation relations; grouting; laboratory tests; permeability. INTRODUCTION Cement is a basic construction material, and in geotechnics the hydraulic cements known as Port- land cements are particularly important. Hydraulic cements

  10. Fresh Water Increased temperature means higher proportion of water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Paul L.

    Fresh Water Increased temperature means higher proportion of water falling on surface higher evaporation higher rainfall greater intensity of floods and droughts. Water use has grown four on How much storage compared to average flow Demand as percentage of supply How much ground water is used

  11. Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain Frank Gerald Ortmann Thesis presented university for a degree. Signature: Date: #12;#12;Abstract The process of modelling the fruit export, numerous aspects of the export process are considered in this thesis so as to be able to perform

  12. Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain Frank Gerald Ortmann Thesis presented export infrastructure capacity of South Africa formed part of a larger project called the ``Fruit industry into perspective, numerous aspects of the export process are considered in this thesis so

  13. Ozone Treatments of Fresh Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozone Treatments of Fresh Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua ELINOR M. RAVESI, JOSEPH J. L1CCIARDELLO and LINDA D. RACICOT Introduction The strong oxidizing nature of ozone, known since its discovery in 1840 (1977) cited in a review article numerous reports of the successful use of ozone to I) control microbial

  14. 24th April 2008 A breath of fresh air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    24th April 2008 A breath of fresh air Rural Research and Strategy Partnership "Leveraging the SE and energy · the health, well-being and long term sustainability of rural communities; and · developing Economic Strategy Targets 1 Attracting inward investment. 2 Collaboration for Innovation. 3 Increasing

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Fractionation and speciation of arsenic in fresh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Qinhong "Max"

    ORIGINAL PAPER Fractionation and speciation of arsenic in fresh and combusted coal wastes from in the condensates indicates that combustion or spontaneous combustion is one of the major ways for arsenic release Coal waste Á Arsenic Á Species Á HPLC-ICP-MS Á Environmental pollution Introduction Arsenic (As

  16. Life After Fresh Kills: Moving Beyond New York City's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Life After Fresh Kills: Moving Beyond New York City's Current Waste Management Plan Policy and environmental experts from the New York region. A research project of Columbia University's Earth Institute of Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs, the report examines New York City's current waste

  17. Food Allergies DEFINITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Food Allergies DEFINITIONS: Definition of a Food Allergy: Immune system response to a food that the body mistakenly thinks is harmful. Upon deciding a particular food is harmful, the immune system creates a defense immune system response (antibodies) to fight it. Food allergy symptoms develop when

  18. Preventing Food Contamination: A Need for Innovation in Food Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Mark

    2013-01-01

    and Expectations about Food Safety." Giannini Foundation ofof Bio?lm-Forming Bacteria for Food Safety Control." IEEEpower fights germs in food. ” Food Production Daily. (2013).

  19. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment of Listeria monocytogenes on Fresh-cut Lettuce and Fresh-cut Cantaloupe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzel, Mustafa

    2015-01-21

    .......................................................................................... 10 2.5 Survival and Growth of Listeria monocytogenes ................................................... 12 2.6 Decontamination Methods for Fresh Produce ........................................................ 14 2.6.1 Washing and Sanitizing....2.3.4 Washing and Sanitizing Treatments ......................................................... 69 4.2.3.5 Cross-Contamination ................................................................................ 73 4.2.3.6 Alternative Intervention Steps...

  20. FOOD ALLERGY RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    FOOD ALLERGY RESEARCH PROGRAM INNOVATION ENGINES AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE INFLAMMATION, AUTOIMMUNITY, IMMUNOLOGY The growing prevalence of food allergy and the relative lack of treatment options investigation, and mechanistic science, we are striving towards halting the increase in food allergies, ensuring

  1. Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fuel Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James F. Klausner; Renwei Mei; Yi Li; Jessica Knight; Venugopal Jogi

    2005-09-01

    This project concerns a diffusion driven desalination (DDD) process where warm water is evaporated into a low humidity air stream, and the vapor is condensed out to produce distilled water. Although the process has a low fresh water to feed water conversion efficiency, it has been demonstrated that this process can potentially produce low cost distilled water when driven by low grade waste heat. This report describes the annual progress made in the development and analysis of a Diffusion Driven Desalination (DDD) system. A dynamic analysis of heat and mass transfer demonstrates that the DDD process can yield a fresh water production of 1.03 million gallon/day by utilizing waste heat from a 100 MW steam power plant based on a condensing steam pressure of only 3 Hg. The optimum operating condition for the DDD process with a high temperature of 50 C and sink temperature of 25 C has an air mass flux of 1.5 kg/m{sup 2}-s, air to feed water mass flow ratio of 1 in the diffusion tower, and a fresh water to air mass flow ratio of 2 in the condenser. Operating at these conditions yields a fresh water production efficiency (m{sub fW}/m{sub L}) of 0.031 and electric energy consumption rate of 0.0023 kW-hr/kg{sub fW}. Throughout the past year, the main focus of the desalination process has been on the direct contact condenser. Detailed heat and mass transfer analyses required to size and analyze these heat and mass transfer devices are described. The analyses agree quite well with the current data. Recently, it has been recognized that the fresh water production efficiency can be significantly enhanced with air heating. This type of configuration is well suited for power plants utilizing air-cooled condensers. The experimental DDD facility has been modified with an air heating section, and temperature and humidity data have been collected over a range of flow and thermal conditions. It has been experimentally observed that the fresh water production rate is enhanced when air is heated prior to entering the diffusion tower. Further analytical analysis is required to predict the thermal and mass transport with the air heating configuration.

  2. Biomimicry using Nano-Engineered Enhanced Condensing Surfaces for Sustainable Fresh Water Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, Sara

    2012-01-01

    innovation will enhance a sustainable solution for fresh water produc- tion at a lower costinnovation could o?er a sustainable solution for fresh water production at a lower cost

  3. Long-term storage facility for reactor compartments in Sayda Bay - German support for utilization of nuclear submarines in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolff, Dietmar; Voelzke, Holger; Weber, Wolfgang; Noack, Volker; Baeuerle, Guenther

    2007-07-01

    The German-Russian project that is part of the G8 initiative on Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction focuses on the speedy construction of a land-based interim storage facility for nuclear submarine reactor compartments at Sayda Bay near Murmansk. This project includes the required infrastructure facilities for long-term storage of about 150 reactor compartments for a period of about 70 years. The interim storage facility is a precondition for effective activities of decommissioning and dismantlement of almost all nuclear-powered submarines of the Russian Northern Fleet. The project also includes the establishment of a computer-assisted waste monitoring system. In addition, the project involves clearing Sayda Bay of other shipwrecks of the Russian navy. On the German side the project is carried out by the Energiewerke Nord GmbH (EWN) on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour (BMWi). On the Russian side the Kurchatov Institute holds the project management of the long-term interim storage facility in Sayda Bay, whilst the Nerpa Shipyard, which is about 25 km away from the storage facility, is dismantling the submarines and preparing the reactor compartments for long-term interim storage. The technical monitoring of the German part of this project, being implemented by BMWi, is the responsibility of the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM). This paper gives an overview of the German-Russian project and a brief description of solutions for nuclear submarine disposal in other countries. At Nerpa shipyard, being refurbished with logistic and technical support from Germany, the reactor compartments are sealed by welding, provided with biological shielding, subjected to surface treatment and conservation measures. Using floating docks, a tugboat tows the reactor compartments from Nerpa shipyard to the interim storage facility at Sayda Bay where they will be left on the on-shore concrete storage space to allow the radioactivity to decay. For transport of reactor compartments at the shipyard, at the dock and at the storage facility, hydraulic keel blocks, developed and supplied by German subcontractors, are used. In July 2006 the first stage of the reactor compartment storage facility was commissioned and the first seven reactor compartments have been delivered from Nerpa shipyard. Following transports of reactor compartments to the storage facility are expected in 2007. (authors)

  4. INNOVATIVE FRESH WATER PRODUCTION PROCESS FOR FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James F. Klausner; Renwei Mei; Yi Li; Jessica Knight

    2004-09-01

    An innovative Diffusion Driven Desalination (DDD) process was recently described where evaporation of mineralized water is driven by diffusion within a packed bed. The energy source to drive the process is derived from low pressure condensing steam within the main condenser of a steam power generating plant. Since waste heat is used to drive the process, the main cost of fresh water production is attributed to the energy cost of pumping air and water through the packed bed. This report describes the annual progress made in the development and analysis of a Diffusion Driven Desalination (DDD) system. A combined thermodynamic and dynamic analysis demonstrates that the DDD process can yield a fresh water production of 1.03 million gallon/day by utilizing waste heat from a 100 MW steam power plant based on a condensing steam pressure of only 3'' Hg. Throughout the past year, the main focus of the desalination process has been on the diffusion tower and direct contact condenser. Detailed heat and mass transfer analyses required to size and analyze these heat and mass transfer devices are described. An experimental DDD facility has been fabricated, and temperature and humidity data have been collected over a range of flow and thermal conditions. The analyses agree quite well with the current data and the information available in the literature. Direct contact condensers with and without packing have been investigated. It has been experimentally observed that the fresh water production rate is significantly enhanced when packing is added to the direct contact condensers.

  5. MA STER'S THESIS Optimisation of fresh water consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    Göteborg 2005 #12;Abstract Doggy AB is the only Swedish producer of tinned pet food. In the food process Uppenberg Moa Ryberg Department of Mathematics CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY G�TEBORG UNIVERSITY of Technology and Göteborg University SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden Göteborg, December 2005 #12;Matematiskt centrum

  6. Agricultural and Food Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) #12;86 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Undergraduate Catalogue 2014­15 Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Officers in agriculture was initiated in 1956. #12;87Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences (FAFS) Undergraduate

  7. FOOD SERVICE Professional Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    FOOD SERVICE Professional Organizations: National Association of College and University Food National Association of College and University Food Services (NACUFS) conference NACUFS Mid-Atlantic Region of Colleges and University Food Services e-newsletter Social Media: National Association of College

  8. Iron repletion relocalizes hephaestin to a proximal basolateral compartment in polarized MDCK and Caco2 cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Seung-Min [Department of Biological Sciences, University of Columbia, NY (United States) [Department of Biological Sciences, University of Columbia, NY (United States); Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Attieh, Zouhair K. [Department of Laboratory Science and Technology, American University of Science and Technology, Ashrafieh (Lebanon) [Department of Laboratory Science and Technology, American University of Science and Technology, Ashrafieh (Lebanon); Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Son, Hee Sook [Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Chonbuk National University (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Chonbuk National University (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Chen, Huijun [Medical School, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu Province (China) [Medical School, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu Province (China); Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Bacouri-Haidar, Mhenia [Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences (I), Lebanese University, Hadath (Lebanon) [Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences (I), Lebanese University, Hadath (Lebanon); Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Vulpe, Chris D., E-mail: vulpe@berkeley.edu [Department of Nutritional Science and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-05-11

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hephaestin localizes in the perinuclear space in non-polarized cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hephaestin localizes in the perinuclear space in iron deficient and polarized cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hephaestin with apical iron moves near to basolateral membrane of polarized cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Peri-basolateral location of hephaestin is accessible to the extracellular space. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hephaestin is involved in iron mobilization from the intestine to circulation. -- Abstract: While intestinal cellular iron entry in vertebrates employs multiple routes including heme and non-heme routes, iron egress from these cells is exclusively channeled through the only known transporter, ferroportin. Reduced intestinal iron export in sex-linked anemia mice implicates hephaestin, a ferroxidase, in this process. Polarized cells are exposed to two distinct environments. Enterocytes contact the gut lumen via the apical surface of the cell, and through the basolateral surface, to the body. Previous studies indicate both local and systemic control of iron uptake. We hypothesized that differences in iron availability at the apical and/or basolateral surface may modulate iron uptake via cellular localization of hephaestin. We therefore characterized the localization of hephaestin in two models of polarized epithelial cell lines, MDCK and Caco2, with varying iron availability at the apical and basolateral surfaces. Our results indicate that hephaestin is expressed in a supra-nuclear compartment in non-polarized cells regardless of the iron status of the cells and in iron deficient and polarized cells. In polarized cells, we found that both apical (as FeSO{sub 4}) and basolateral iron (as the ratio of apo-transferrin to holo-transferrin) affect mobilization of hephaestin from the supra-nuclear compartment. We find that the presence of apical iron is essential for relocalization of hephaestin to a cellular compartment in close proximity but not overlapping with the basolateral surface. Surface biotinylation studies indicate that hephaestin in the peri-basolateral location is accessible to the extra-cellular environment. These results support the hypothesis that hephaestin is involved in iron mobilization of iron from the intestine to circulation.

  9. Radioactivity and food

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olszyna-Marzys, A.E. (Laboratorio Unificado de Control de Alimentos y Medicamentos (LUCAM) (Guatemala))

    1990-03-01

    Two topics relating to radioactivity and food are discussed: food irradiation for preservation purposes, and food contamination from radioactive substances. Food irradiation involves the use of electromagnetic energy (x and gamma rays) emitted by radioactive substances or produced by machine in order to destroy the insects and microorganisms present and prevent germination. The sanitary and economic advantages of treating food in this way are discussed. Numerous studies have confirmed that under strictly controlled conditions no undesirable changes take place in food that has been irradiated nor is radioactivity induced. Reference is made to the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station, which aroused public concern about irradiated food. The events surrounding the accident are reviewed, and its consequences with regard to contamination of different foods with radioactive substances, particularly iodine-131 and cesium-137, are described. Also discussed are the steps that have been taken by different international organizations to set limits on acceptable radioactivity in food.15 references.

  10. Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Food Science and Nutrition Department of Food Science and Nutrition Institute for Food Safety of Food Science and Nutrition (FdSN) at the School of Applied Technology and the Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), with IIT faculty, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) scientists, and food industry

  11. FreshTracks Capital LP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprint VenturesColorado: Energy Resources JumpFreshTracks

  12. Fresh Air That's as Good as Gold | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services » ProgramPolicySenateFlyer, TitleGrant FinancingFresh Air

  13. Food Movements Unite! Strategies to Transform Our Food Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    the social movements actively transforming our food systems.For more information about Food First’s publicationsor the global food system, visit their website:

  14. Manuel Palomar comparte con los ex rectores la actual situacin de la UA Alicante, 30 de noviembre de 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Manuel Palomar comparte con los ex rectores la actual situación de la UA Alicante, 30 de noviembre Raneda y Manuel Palomar se han reunido esta mañana en el despacho rectoral en un encuentro histórico de, Manuel Palomar, ha querido compartir con sus predecesores la situación por la que atraviesa la UA y

  15. Stability of Thermohaline circulation with respect to fresh water release

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajay Patwardhan; Vivek Tewary

    2008-05-16

    The relatively warm climate found in the North- Western Europe is due to the gulf stream that circulates warm saline water from southern latitudes to Europe. In North Atlantic ocean the stream gives out a large amount of heat, cools down and sinks to the bottom to complete the Thermohaline circulation. There is considerable debate on the stability of the stream to inputs of fresh water from the melting ice in Greenland and Arctic. The circulation, being switched off, will have massive impact on the climate of Europe. Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) has warned of this danger in its recent report. Our aim is to model the Thermohaline circulation at the point where it sinks in the North-Atlantic. We create a two dimensional discrete map modeling the salinity gradient and vertical velocity of the stream. We look for how a perturbation in the form of fresh water release can destabilise the circulation by pushing the velocity below a certain threshold.

  16. Use of cooling-temperature heat for sustainable food production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    Food production and energy are undoubtedly interlinked. However, at present food production depends almost exclusively on direct use of stored energy sources, may they be nuclear-, petroleum- or bio-based. Furthermore, non-storage based “renewable” energy systems, like wind and solar, need development before bering able to contribute at a significant level. This presentation will point towards surplus heat as a way to bridge the gap between today’s food systems and truly sustainable ones, suitable to be performed in urban and peri-urban areas. Considering that arable land and fresh water resources are the base for our present food systems, but are limited, in combination with continued urbanisation, such solutions are urgently needed. By combining the use of surplus energy with harvest of society’s organic side flows, like e.g. food waste and aquatic based cash crops, truly sustainable and urban close food systems are possible at a level of significance also for global food security.

  17. Attitudes about Food 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Nicole Alexis

    2012-10-19

    Approximately 18% of adolescents are obese. Attitudes about Food is a cross sectional study that seeks to identify lifestyle factors associated with adolescent obesity such as fast food consumption, physical activity, ...

  18. Four Simple Food Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    luncheon meat, cold cuts, deli-style meat and poul- try until steaming hot. Chill: Refrigerate or freeze Safe Food Handling and Preparation USDA's Meat and Poultry Hotline: 1-800-535-4555 FDA's Food. August, 2004 Separate: Separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods in your grocery shopping

  19. WATERCHARRETTE food deserts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WATERCHARRETTE food deserts University of Kansas School of Architecture, Design, and Planning 3 summary introduction context To provide a more local society that is less dependent upon large-scale food dialogues will be held to engage students in the concepts of sustainable water management, food deserts

  20. Compartment modeling of dynamic brain PET—The impact of scatter corrections on parameter errors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Häggström, Ida Karlsson, Mikael; Larsson, Anne; Schmidtlein, C. Ross

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of scatter and its correction on kinetic parameters in dynamic brain positron emission tomography (PET) tumor imaging. The 2-tissue compartment model was used, and two different reconstruction methods and two scatter correction (SC) schemes were investigated. Methods: The GATE Monte Carlo (MC) software was used to perform 2 × 15 full PET scan simulations of a voxelized head phantom with inserted tumor regions. The two sets of kinetic parameters of all tissues were chosen to represent the 2-tissue compartment model for the tracer 3?-deoxy-3?-({sup 18}F)fluorothymidine (FLT), and were denoted FLT{sub 1} and FLT{sub 2}. PET data were reconstructed with both 3D filtered back-projection with reprojection (3DRP) and 3D ordered-subset expectation maximization (OSEM). Images including true coincidences with attenuation correction (AC) and true+scattered coincidences with AC and with and without one of two applied SC schemes were reconstructed. Kinetic parameters were estimated by weighted nonlinear least squares fitting of image derived time–activity curves. Calculated parameters were compared to the true input to the MC simulations. Results: The relative parameter biases for scatter-eliminated data were 15%, 16%, 4%, 30%, 9%, and 7% (FLT{sub 1}) and 13%, 6%, 1%, 46%, 12%, and 8% (FLT{sub 2}) for K{sub 1}, k{sub 2}, k{sub 3}, k{sub 4}, V{sub a}, and K{sub i}, respectively. As expected, SC was essential for most parameters since omitting it increased biases by 10 percentage points on average. SC was not found necessary for the estimation of K{sub i} and k{sub 3}, however. There was no significant difference in parameter biases between the two investigated SC schemes or from parameter biases from scatter-eliminated PET data. Furthermore, neither 3DRP nor OSEM yielded the smallest parameter biases consistently although there was a slight favor for 3DRP which produced less biased k{sub 3} and K{sub i} estimates while OSEM resulted in a less biased V{sub a}. The uncertainty in OSEM parameters was about 26% (FLT{sub 1}) and 12% (FLT{sub 2}) larger than for 3DRP although identical postfilters were applied. Conclusions: SC was important for good parameter estimations. Both investigated SC schemes performed equally well on average and properly corrected for the scattered radiation, without introducing further bias. Furthermore, 3DRP was slightly favorable over OSEM in terms of kinetic parameter biases and SDs.

  1. EPOK Centre for Organic Food & Farming ORGANIC FOOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food & Farming ORGANIC FOOD ­ food quality and potential health effects.slu.se/epok/english #12;ORGANIC FOOD ­ food quality and potential health effects Publishing year: 2015, Uppsala Publisher: SLU, EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food & Farming Lay-out: Pelle Fredriksson, SLU, EPOK Photo, cover: i

  2. 1 Food Safety Policy July 2010 Food Safety Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    1 Food Safety Policy July 2010 Food Safety Policy Food Safety Policy 19.7.2010 19.7.2014 #12;2 Food 5. Organisational Responsibilities 6. The Legal References 7. Glossary of Terms #12;3 Food Safety Policy July 2010 Food Safety Policy 1. Introduction 1.1 The University has a duty to assess the risks

  3. FNH 301 FOOD CHEMISTRY I Principles of Food Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FNH 301 FOOD CHEMISTRY I Principles of Food Chemistry Instructor: Dr. David Kitts Department of Food Sciences Room 243 ­ Food, Nutrition & Health Building 2205 East Mall Food, Nutrition & Health Faculty of Land and Food Systems ­ University of British Columbia Phone: 604-822-5560; Fax: 604

  4. Radioactivity and foods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olszyna-Marzys, A.E. (Unified Lab. of Food and Drug Control, Guatemala City (Guatemala))

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe and contrast two relationships between radiation and food--on the one hand, beneficial preservation of food by controlled exposure to ionizing radiation; and, on the other, contamination of food by accidental incorporation of radioactive nuclides within the food itself. In food irradiation, electrons or electromagnetic radiation is used to destroy microorganisms and insects or prevent seed germination. The economic advantages and health benefits of sterilizing food in this manner are clear, and numerous studies have confirmed that under strictly controlled conditions no undersirable changes or induced radioactivity is produced in the irradiated food. An altogether different situation is presented by exposure of food animals and farming areas to radioactive materials, as occurred after the major Soviet nuclear reactor accident at Chenobyl. This article furnishes the basic information needed to understand the nature of food contamination associated with that event and describes the work of international organizations seeking to establish appropriate safe limits for levels of radioactivity in foods.

  5. Extension Investment Option 2015-17 Food Systems, Food Security, Food Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Extension Investment Option 2015-17 Food Systems, Food Security, Food Safety The Statewide Need: Food is complicated--culturally, politically, and economically. A food systems approach is a key the foundational strengths of OSU Extension and its delivery model in communities and across the state. Food

  6. Fresh Water Generation from Aquifer-Pressured Carbon Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aines, R D; Wolery, T J; Bourcier, W L; Wolfe, T; Haussmann, C

    2010-02-19

    Can we use the pressure associated with sequestration to make brine into fresh water? This project is establishing the potential for using brine pressurized by Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) operations in saline formations as the feedstock for desalination and water treatment technologies including reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF). Possible products are: Drinking water, Cooling water, and Extra aquifer space for CO{sub 2} storage. The conclusions are: (1) Many saline formation waters appear to be amenable to largely conventional RO treatment; (2) Thermodynamic modeling indicates that osmotic pressure is more limiting on water recovery than mineral scaling; (3) The use of thermodynamic modeling with Pitzer's equations (or Extended UNIQUAC) allows accurate estimation of osmotic pressure limits; (4) A general categorization of treatment feasibility is based on TDS has been proposed, in which brines with 10,000-85,000 mg/L are the most attractive targets; (5) Brines in this TDS range appear to be abundant (geographically and with depth) and could be targeted in planning future CCS operations (including site selection and choice of injection formation); and (6) The estimated cost of treating waters in the 10,000-85,000 mg/L TDS range is about half that for conventional seawater desalination, due to the anticipated pressure recovery.

  7. Food Redistribution as Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Caleb; Higbee, Becky

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we study the simultaneous problems of food waste and hunger in the context of the possible solution of food (waste) rescue and redistribution. To this end, we develop an empirical model that can be used in Monte Carlo simulations to study the dynamics of the underlying problem. Our model's parameters are derived from a unique data set provided by a large food bank and food rescue organization in north central Colorado. We find that food supply is a non-parametric heavy-tailed process that is well-modeled with an extreme value peaks-over-threshold model. Although the underlying process is stochastic, the basic approach of food rescue and redistribution appears to be feasible both at small and large scales. The ultimate efficacy of this model is intimately tied to the rate at which food expires and hence the ability to preserve and quickly transport and redistribute food. The cost of the redistribution is tied to the number and density of participating suppliers, and costs can be reduced (and supp...

  8. carleton.ca Food Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    carleton.ca Food Science and Nutrition #12;The production and distribution of food is one on the effective processing, storage and handling of food. The field of food science integrates and applies, process, package and distribute foods that are nutritious, affordable, desirable and safe to eat

  9. Local Food, Sustainability, and Cuba's National Food Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fusco, Audrey Corinne

    2008-01-01

    There is a tendency in food systems research and planning to associate sustainable and socially just food provisioning with the local scale. This thesis questions the assumption that food security and environmental ...

  10. Improving Food Acess in South and West Berkeley: An Evaluation of the Farm Fresh Choice Farmers Market Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messerschmidt, Matthew T

    2006-01-01

    change in fruit consumption and self-reported change inand vegetable consumption, as well as self-reported healthself-efficacy, attitudes, intake compared to others, consumption,

  11. of Your Food Contents Page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B-1400 8/11 of Your Food Content The Sodium #12;Contents Page Introduction.......................................................................................3 Sodium content of foods Beverages and fruit juices activity, and encourages Americans to consume more healthy foods like vegetables, fruits, seafood, whole

  12. Food Exemption Request Organization Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Food Exemption Request Organization Information Organization Received ______ Organizations are permitted one food exemption per semester. Requests must be submitted and Regulations Your group has requested a food exemption for an event. The rules and regulations for use

  13. Eco-Efficient Packaging Material Selection for Fresh Produce: Industrial Session

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croitoru, Madalina

    stakeholders (researchers, consumers, food industry, packaging industry, waste manage- ment policy, etc of food packagings. The objective is to select packaging materials according to possibly conflicting requirements expressed by the involved parties (food and packaging industries, health authorities, consumers

  14. Estimation of food consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J.M. Jr.

    1992-04-01

    The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.

  15. Food Adulteration in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1906-01-01

    ............ .Houston. ...... Salicylic Acid, Starch, Be zoic Acid, artificial colo 35 Fruit Catsup ......... Houston. ....... Colored. ig Tomato catsup ..... .Houston; ...... Starch. , , TABLE VE-CATSUP, NOT FOUND ADULTERATED ,aboratory N 0. 57 Tomato Catsup... is made in the Texas law-. The fol- lowing is the definition od misbranding under the Federal Food Law: In case of food- "First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive , name of another article. n "Second. If it .be...

  16. Numerical Analysis of the Channel Wheel Fresh Air Ventilator Under Frosting Conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, B.; Dong, Z.; Cheng, Z.; Luo, E.

    2006-01-01

    As new equipment, the channel wheel fresh air ventilator has become increasingly popular in recent years. However, when such equipment is operated under low ambient temperature in the freezing area in winter, the formation of frost on the outdoor...

  17. Keeping mom and pop fresh : strategies for getting produce into corner stores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadwin, Angela J

    2012-01-01

    Availability of fresh, healthy produce for low-income people is a growing concern for advocates and public officials concerned with health disparities and diet-related disease. Healthy corner store conversions are a promising ...

  18. The design and testing of a procedure to locate fresh submarine groundwater discharge in Cyprus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olesnavage, Kathryn M

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this collaborative project between Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Cyprus Institute was to develop an experimental procedure for identifying fresh submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) in Cyprus. ...

  19. Texas Food may be foun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selling H When you a 1) Texa follo 2) FDA 3) FDA 4) Loca 5) Hom Texas Food You may Food Facilit Food Labeli al Health Dep meowner or d Manufactu will need a nd at the fol ide column y The room us (also known Warehousin Your firm ob nt to becom he Foods hom click on sec ring facility a n

  20. Grilling Outdoors Safely Outdoor grilling is a fun way to cook food for family and friends. Although we often think about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    grilling to ensure a clean workspace and safe food preparation. BBeeffoorree yyoouu bbeeggiinn Choose meat away. If the trip home takes more than 30 minutes, use a cooler. Cook or freezing fresh poultry, fish, seafood, or ground beef within 1 to 2 days; other meat like steak and pork chops should be cooked

  1. Food for the Family. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, M. Hellen

    1924-01-01

    furnish a kind of protein that is cap­ able of replacing the protein found in the tissues of the body. Animal Protein. Veuetable Protein. Dried Peas. Dried Cow Peas. Dried Beans. Nuts. Peanuts. Milk. Skim Milk. Cheese. Eggs. Meat. Fish. Poultry. Group II... and starches, they should be eaten more sparingly in summer than in winter. Certain fat foods, especially butter and cream, furnish Vitamine A for this reason have a great advantage over the other foods of the group. Fats and Oils. Nuts. Salt Pork. Bacon...

  2. Holiday Food Drive

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy, Ph.D.Food Drive Holiday Food Drive Laboratory employees

  3. Radioactivity in food crops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drury, J.S.; Baldauf, M.F.; Daniel, E.W.; Fore, C.S.; Uziel, M.S.

    1983-05-01

    Published levels of radioactivity in food crops from 21 countries and 4 island chains of Oceania are listed. The tabulation includes more than 3000 examples of 100 different crops. Data are arranged alphabetically by food crop and geographical origin. The sampling date, nuclide measured, mean radioactivity, range of radioactivities, sample basis, number of samples analyzed, and bibliographic citation are given for each entry, when available. Analyses were reported most frequently for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 40/K, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 226/Ra, /sup 228/Ra, plutonium, uranium, total alpha, and total beta, but a few authors also reported data for /sup 241/Am, /sup 7/Be, /sup 60/Co, /sup 55/Fe, /sup 3/H, /sup 131/I, /sup 54/Mn, /sup 95/Nb, /sup 210/Pb, /sup 210/Po, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 125/Sb, /sup 228/Th, /sup 232/Th, and /sup 95/Zr. Based on the reported data it appears that radioactivity from alpha emitters in food crops is usually low, on the order of 0.1 Bq.g/sup -1/ (wet weight) or less. Reported values of beta radiation in a given crop generally appear to be several orders of magnitude greater than those of alpha emitters. The most striking aspect of the data is the great range of radioactivity reported for a given nuclide in similar food crops with different geographical origins.

  4. FOOD SYSTEM PLANNING FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    justice, conservation and renewable energy options, integrated resource planning, and technology with an overview of the efficiency and environmental benefits associated local food systems. The Center for Energy of Delaware Center for Energy & Environmental Policy University of Delaware February 2011 #12;Mailing Address

  5. Development Food Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    House Berkowitz Basketball Complex Breslin Student Events Center Wonders Coal Storage Simon Power Plant Power Plant Student Services IM Sports Circle Main Library Reservoir Food Safety and Toxicology Anthony Pegasus Critical Care Molecular Plant Sciences Plant Biology Laboratories Amtrak/ Greyhound Station Mc

  6. A Primer on Food Additives. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull1208a.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 25137 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull1208a.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 45.7 8-1208 :08 A Primer... on Food Additives Extension Foods and Nutrition Specialists The Texas A&M University System Consumers today are very concerned about what goes into their food. This primer on food additives describes what food additives do and why modern food...

  7. Food grain policy in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.

    1981-01-01

    ~o. FOOD GAAIN POLICY IN BANGLADESH by Gordon C. Rausser ;.period of time before Bangladesh becomes self-sufficient. Infor Food Grains in Bangladesh, Unpublished Ph.D. thesis,

  8. Emergency Food and Water Supplies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    1999-05-14

    Creating an emergency supply of food and water, and knowing how to safely handle food and water after a disaster, can reduce stress, worry and inconvenience. This publication provides information on water supply storage and purification...

  9. Food behavior checklist effectively evaluates nutrition education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Food behavior checklist effectivelyB. Joy We developed a short food behavior checklist (FBC) todiverse women in the Food Stamp Nutrition Education

  10. Rinse food containers. PLASTIC CONTAINERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Elizabeth A.

    Rinse food containers. PLASTIC CONTAINERS PLASTIC BOTTLES & BOTTLE CAPS PLASTIC CUPS EXCEPT FOAM - www.jmu.edu/stewardship JMU WASTE BIN GUIDE Food residue, liquids and trash contaminate the recycling & Student Center: FOOD WASTE · NAPKINS · PAPER TOWELS Deposit these JMU Dining & Catering items in marked

  11. Estimation of 1945 to 1957 food consumption. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D.M.; Bates, D.J.; Marsh, T.L.

    1993-07-01

    This report details the methods used and the results of the study on the estimated historic levels of food consumption by individuals in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) study area from 1945--1957. This period includes the time of highest releases from Hanford and is the period for which data are being collected in the Hanford Thyroid Disease Study. These estimates provide the food-consumption inputs for the HEDR database of individual diets. This database will be an input file in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Integrated Code (HEDRIC) computer model that will be used to calculate the radiation dose. The report focuses on fresh milk, eggs, lettuce, and spinach. These foods were chosen because they have been found to be significant contributors to radiation dose based on the Technical Steering Panel dose decision level.

  12. Safe Food in a Hurry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeten, Mary K.

    1980-01-01

    S fe Food ill a Hurry 8-1281 EMPLOYEO@ OMEMAKER Texas Agricultural Extension Service Til,e Texas A&M University System Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director? College Station, Texas [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Safe Food in a Hurry Mary K.... Sweeten* Foodborne illness can lead to time away from the job for the employed homemaker besides causing family misery. You have to work to prevent food poisoning as you buy, store, cook and serve food. When you must care for food in a hurry, keep...

  13. FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that are not bruised or damaged. Bag fresh fruits separate from meat, poultry and seafood products. Wash hands before a separate cutting board for fruits, and keep away from raw meat, poultry and seafood Follow standardized. WO1043 #12;how to preserve FREEZING OF PEARS Select pears that are well ripened and firm

  14. FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    varieties are excellent for canning, freezing or making jam, jellies or pies. Montmorency and North Star that are not bruised or damaged. Bag fresh fruits separate from meat, poultry and seafood products. Wash hands before. Use a separate cutting board for fruits, and keep away from raw meat, poultry and seafood Follow

  15. Food Grinders and Sustainable Food Waste Disposal Objective: Explore the environmental viability of household and commercial food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    Food Grinders and Sustainable Food Waste Disposal Objective: Explore the environmental viability of household and commercial food grinders by quantifying their impact in an urban setting. Background: Food cities, food wastes are disposed of in two ways. Liquid waste--including ground up food waste

  16. A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-6280E A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 2 Green Energy and Environment Research Laboratories, Industrial

  17. population Fresh and Canned Cured July 1 (1) frozen (2) (3) (4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Canned fish consumption for 1920 is estimated. Beginning in 1921, it is based on production reports and 1920 and civilian resident population for 1930 to date. (2) Fresh and frozen fish consumption for 1910 and 1920 is estimated. Beginning in 1973, data include consumption of artificially cultivated catfish. (3

  18. Effect of non-ageing and ageing ceria nanoparticles suspensions on fresh water micro-algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Effect of non-ageing and ageing ceria nanoparticles suspensions on fresh water micro-algae Manier nanoparticle (nCeO2) suspensions, towards freshwater micro-algae assessing the effect nCeO2 suspensions microscopy (TEM). In addition, the interaction between NPs and algae were investigated using flow

  19. Investigation of Feasibility of All-Fresh Air Supply in an All-Air System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Yan, Z.

    2006-01-01

    The feasibility of an all-fresh air supply in an all-air system is investigated in theory, and the problem of AHU-handling air in low efficiency in summer and winter conditions is analyzed. The air supply temperature is almost up to standards when a...

  20. Hydro-geologic Investigation of the Fresh Water lens in a Small Rock Principle Investigators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Hydro-geologic Investigation of the Fresh Water lens in a Small Rock Principle Investigators Daniel W. Urish #12;Abstract Rose Island is a small rock island located in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island Island is a small 18.5 acre rock island located in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island (Fig. 1

  1. Product Refrigerator Freezer Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Peter

    with USDA seal, unopened 2 weeks Don't freeze well Raw Hamburger, Ground & Stew Meat Hamburger & stew meats just before using. · If freezing meat and poultry in its original package longer than 2 monthsProduct Refrigerator Freezer Eggs Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze Raw yolks, whites 2

  2. Freshly Prepared Autumn Menu 1 of 2 Everyday Dine Central offers four main courses,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Freshly Prepared Autumn Menu 1 of 2 Everyday Dine Central offers four main courses, including a chicken, meat, fish and vegetarian option. Meal Deal: One main, two sides and two Vegetables £5.10 Monday - Each main costs £3.55 Roast chicken breast Roast beef with Yorkshire pudding Salmon fillet with rarebit

  3. Antimicrobial packaging system for optimization of electron beam irradiation of fresh produce 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jaejoon

    2006-10-30

    This study evaluated the potential use of an antimicrobial packaging system in combination with electron beam irradiation to enhance quality of fresh produce. Irradiated romaine lettuce up to 3.2 kGy showed negligible (p > 0.05) changes in color...

  4. Keeping a Search Engine Index Fresh: Risk and optimality in estimating refresh rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    and search engine indexes scale similarly, the cost of re-crawling every document all the time becomesKeeping a Search Engine Index Fresh: Risk and optimality in estimating refresh rates for web pages Search engines strive to maintain a "current" repository of all web pages on the internet to index

  5. Hydrogen production from inexhaustible supplies of fresh and salt water using microbial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    microbial fuel cell renewable energy sustainable energy Exoelectrogenic bacteria oxidize organic matter it possible to convert waste organic matter into useful energy. In microbial fuel cells (MFCs), exoelectrogensHydrogen production from inexhaustible supplies of fresh and salt water using microbial reverse

  6. A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Elliott H. Lieb 1 , and Jakob Yngvason to either statistical mechanics or heat engines. In days long gone, the second law of thermodynamics (which numbers of atoms. Willard Gibbs wrote: ``The laws of thermodynamics may easily be obtained from

  7. Fertilization of Fresh Water Fish Ponds 1 Craig Watson and Charles E. Cichra2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    FA17 Fertilization of Fresh Water Fish Ponds 1 Craig Watson and Charles E. Cichra2 1. This document to increase productivity of a field. One can also increase the productiv- ity of a pond by adding fertilizer, then pond fertilization can increase the production of these fish. Fertilizers provide nutrients

  8. A FRESH LOOK AT OFFSHORE WIND OPPORTUNITIES IN MASSACHUSETTS Anthony L. Rogers, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    A FRESH LOOK AT OFFSHORE WIND OPPORTUNITIES IN MASSACHUSETTS Anthony L. Rogers, Ph.D. James F at Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 The utilization of offshore winds for generating electricity was first proposed that offshore wind development anywhere would be unlikely. More recently, a number of European countries have

  9. ARPA-E: A Fresh Perspective on Next-generation EV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the University of California, Berkeley, where he developed a new class of low-cost photovoltaics based on printedARPA-E: A Fresh Perspective on Next-generation EV Battery Technology The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) was created to be the "DARPA for Energy", with a focus

  10. Alien species in fresh waters: ecological effects, interactions with other stressors, and prospects for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alien species in fresh waters: ecological effects, interactions with other stressors, and prospects dozens of alien species. 2. Invasions are highly nonrandom with respect to the taxonomic identity, which probably have been underestimated as an ecological force. 4. The number of alien species

  11. Science for a healthy society Food Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    the global challenges of: Food Security Diet & Health Healthy Ageing Food Waste The IFR aims system? How we can best reduce food waste, or exploit it to improve sustainability? How can what we eatScience for a healthy society Food Safety & Security Food Databanks Food & Health National

  12. Carbon Emissions: Food Industry

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948California (MillionThousandChemicals IndustryFood

  13. Temporary Food Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConference Tight Oil1 Soil Water andFood Service

  14. NOTES ON SOME FRESH-WATER FISHES FROM MAINE, DESCRIlYfIONS OF THREE NEW SPECIES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOTES ON SOME FRESH-WATER FISHES FROM MAINE, WITH DESCRIlYfIONS OF THREE NEW SPECIES. By VVILLIAM FROM MAINE, WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF THREE NEW SPECIES. By WILLIAM CONVERSE KENDALL, Assistant, United the first-record of observations upon Maine fresh-water fishes since Holmes's publication. Prior

  15. Analysis of the Energy-Saving Potential of a Three-Rotary Wheel Fresh Air-Handling Unit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, X.; Zhang, G.; Zou, S.; Liu, H.

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate the energy-saving potential of a proposed three-rotary wheel fresh air-handling unit (TRWFAHU), it is numerically simulated with weather data of Changsha by using a mathematical model. Compared with a conventional fresh air-handling unit...

  16. Preventing Food Contamination: A Need for Innovation in Food Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Mark

    2013-01-01

    174 Preventing Food Contamination A Need for Innovation infurther prevent microbial contamination. Due largely becausequick migration of the contamination in the example given

  17. Good Food is the longest running weekly food and wine guide in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    Overview #12;Good Food Overview Good Food is the longest running weekly food and wine guide industry. Written and edited by some of the most noted food and wine writers and columnists, Good Food food related feature articles. Why Advertise ·262,000 or 60% of Good Food Epicure readers have been

  18. MECS 2006- Food and Beverage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Food and Beverage (NAICS 311, 312) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

  19. The effects of food advertising and cognitive load on food choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmerman, FJ; Shimoga, SV

    2014-01-01

    The effects of food advertising and cognitive load on foodeffects of television food advertising on eating behavior.R: The effects of advertising on food demand elasticities.

  20. MODELING ASSUMPTIONS FOR THE ADVANCED TEST REACTOR FRESH FUEL SHIPPING CONTAINER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rick J. Migliore

    2009-09-01

    The Advanced Test Reactor Fresh Fuel Shipping Container (ATR FFSC) is currently licensed per 10 CFR 71 to transport a fresh fuel element for either the Advanced Test Reactor, the University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR), or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor (MITR-II). During the licensing process, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) raised a number of issues relating to the criticality analysis, namely (1) lack of a tolerance study on the fuel and packaging, (2) moderation conditions during normal conditions of transport (NCT), (3) treatment of minor hydrogenous packaging materials, and (4) treatment of potential fuel damage under hypothetical accident conditions (HAC). These concerns were adequately addressed by modifying the criticality analysis. A tolerance study was added for both the packaging and fuel elements, full-moderation was included in the NCT models, minor hydrogenous packaging materials were included, and fuel element damage was considered for the MURR and MITR-II fuel types.

  1. Direct speciation analysis of arsenic in sub-cellular compartments using micro-X-ray absorption spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bacquart, Thomas; Deves, Guillaume; Ortega, Richard

    2010-07-15

    Identification of arsenic chemical species at a sub-cellular level is a key to understanding the mechanisms involved in arsenic toxicology and antitumor pharmacology. When performed with a microbeam, X-ray absorption near-edge structure ({mu}-XANES) enables the direct speciation analysis of arsenic in sub-cellular compartments avoiding cell fractionation and other preparation steps that might modify the chemical species. This methodology couples tracking of cellular organelles in a single cell by confocal or epifluorescence microscopy with local analysis of chemical species by {mu}-XANES. Here we report the results obtained with a {mu}-XANES experimental setup based on Kirkpatrick-Baez X-ray focusing optics that maintains high flux of incoming radiation (>10{sup 11} ph/s) at micrometric spatial resolution (1.5x4.0 {mu}m{sup 2}). This original experimental setup enabled the direct speciation analysis of arsenic in sub-cellular organelles with a 10{sup -15} g detection limit. {mu}-XANES shows that inorganic arsenite, As(OH){sub 3}, is the main form of arsenic in the cytosol, nucleus, and mitochondrial network of cultured cancer cells exposed to As{sub 2}O{sub 3}. On the other hand, a predominance of As(III) species is observed in HepG2 cells exposed to As(OH){sub 3} with, in some cases, oxidation to a pentavalent form in nuclear structures of HepG2 cells. The observation of intra-nuclear mixed redox states suggests an inter-individual variability in a cell population that can only be evidenced with direct sub-cellular speciation analysis.

  2. Environmental Levels Of 129I Present In Bovine Thyroid And Fresh Water In Argentina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negri, A. E.; Arazi, A.; Carnellia, P. F. F.; Barbara, E. de; Figueira, J. M.; Fimiani, L.; Heimanna, D. M.; Zalazara, L.; Fernandez Niello, J.; La Gamma, A. M.; Wallner, A.

    2010-08-04

    Concentrations of {sup 129}I in bovine thyroid and fresh water samples coming from all over Argentina were analyzed by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) and total iodine present in samples by Gas Chromatography (GC) and Inductive Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), respectively. Once we complete this study, it will be the first set of data of this kind from an extended region of the south American subcontinent.

  3. Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with food, and NPK fluxes at farm level. The biofuels were crude rapeseed oil, horse draft, ethanol from a combination of a workhorse and a crude rapeseed oil-fuelled tractor. Ethanol from wheat had the largest impactIntegrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina

  4. Food Image Recognition with Deep Convolutional Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    Food Image Recognition with Deep Convolutional Features Yoshiyuki Kawano, Keiji Yanai and diseases. If there is a food recommendation system, it is work to keep people in good health. A food recognition engine is needed to build a automatic food recommendation system. Food recognition: Deep

  5. Food Biophysics ISSN 1557-1858

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franzese, Giancarlo

    1 23 Food Biophysics ISSN 1557-1858 Food Biophysics DOI 10.1007/s11483-013-9310-7 Water.springer.com". #12;Food Biophysics DOI 10.1007/s11483-013-9310-7 SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Water at Biological and inorganic interfaces. In fields like food processing, food preservation or bionanotechnology

  6. Using Multiple Household Food Inventories to Measure Food Availability in the Home 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisk, Cheree L.

    2010-10-12

    The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of conducting multiple household food inventories over the course of 30 days to examine weekly food variability. Household food availability influences the foods ...

  7. The Food We Eat: An Evaluation of Food Items Input into an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connelly, Kay

    The Food We Eat: An Evaluation of Food Items Input into an Electronic Food Monitoring Application participants in a chronic kidney disease (stage 5) population input food items into an electronic intake monitoring application. Participants scanned food item barcodes or voice recorded food items they consumed

  8. Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for Industry Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for...

  9. Geothermal Food Processors Agricultural Drying Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Food Processors Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Geothermal Food Processors Agricultural Drying Low Temperature...

  10. Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Provides 640 Turkeys to People in Need Thanksgiving Goodwill: West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive...

  11. Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications Biomass Boiler for Food Processing Applications Biomass Boiler Uses a Combination of Wood Waste and Tire-Derived Fuel In 2011, the...

  12. SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Joseph C.

    SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors Maribel Alvarez Diane Austin Mamadou Baro Tim. Potential Helpful Minors Environmental Studies Environmental Sciences Nutritional Science Sustainable Built Environments Sustainable Plant Systems Potential Employers Documentary Films Government Jobs

  13. Sustainable Food and the Institute for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Sustainable Food and the California Institute for Rural Studies Sustainable Food and the Promise Studies Agriculture/Sustainable Food? 3 "E's" of sustainabilityStudies 221 G Street Suite 204 Davis, CA Davis, CA 530.756.6555 v 530.756.7429 f i i Fair conditions for agricultural and other food system

  14. Food Safety Policy General Policy Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Food Safety Policy General Policy Statement St. Anne's College has a commitment to food safety. The College takes all reasonable precaution and exercises all due diligence to ensure that food which and maintain these standards, the College: Designates managers who have a special responsibility for food

  15. Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems This program is a unique, processing, distribution, and utilization of food and bioenergy. The degree focuses on ecologically sound, socially just, and economically viable farming methods, food and health, and related food and bioenergy

  16. Food Stories Exhibition Trail Leader's Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    Food Stories Exhibition Trail Leader's Notes 1. Take a look at the stone fragment. Where do you a story about a celebration involving food? (No answer required) 3. This is a food hook from Papua New of grass, palm leaves and bamboo. The food hook would hang from the ceiling of the hut. Why do you think

  17. Food Image Recognition with Deep Convolutional Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    Food Image Recognition with Deep Convolutional Features Yoshiyuki KAWANO Department of Informatics food recognition accuracy greatly by integrating it with conventional hand-crafted image features accuracy and 92.00% as the top-5 accuracy for the 100-class food dataset, UEC-FOOD100, which outperforms

  18. Food Safety Regulations for Farmers'Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    safety regulations. Classification of a Farmers'Market Food safety issues are governed by the retail food for all retail food establishments,including farmers' markets; however,each local county health departmentFood Safety Regulations for Farmers'Markets Christa Hofmann and Jennifer Dennis Department

  19. Programmatic and technical requirements for the FMDP fresh MOX fuel transport package

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ludwig, S.B.; Michelhaugh, R.D.; Pope, R.B.

    1997-12-01

    This document is intended to guide the designers of the package to all pertinent regulatory and other design requirements to help ensure the safe and efficient transport of the weapons-grade (WG) fresh MOX fuel under the Fissile Materials Disposition Program. To accomplish the disposition mission using MOX fuel, the unirradiated MOX fuel must be transported from the MOX fabrication facility to one or more commercial reactors. Because the unirradiated fuel contains large quantities of plutonium and is not sufficient radioactive to create a self-protecting barrier to deter the material from theft, DOE intends to use its fleet of safe secure trailers (SSTs) to provide the necessary safeguards and security for the material in transit. In addition to these requirements, transport of radioactive materials must comply with regulations of the Department of Transportation and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). In particular, NRC requires that the packages must meet strict performance requirements. The requirements for shipment of MOX fuel (i.e., radioactive fissile materials) specify that the package design is certified by NRC to ensure the materials contained in the packages are not released and remain subcritical after undergoing a series of hypothetical accident condition tests. Packages that pass these tests are certified by NRC as a Type B fissile (BF) package. This document specifies the programmatic and technical design requirements a package must satisfy to transport the fresh MOX fuel assemblies.

  20. Falls, Disability and Food Insecurity Present Challenges to Healthy Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Steven P.; Molina, L. Cricel; Jhawar, Mona

    2007-01-01

    increases food insecurity because functional limitations canadults food insecurity can also be caused by functional

  1. The Food Nutrition Link - Level II Leader Guide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bielamowicz, Mary K.; Cooksey, Dymple C.; Hall, Gayle

    1995-11-01

    This curriculum focuses on food buying, storage and preservation, and the nutritional value of convenience foods.

  2. Increasing homogeneity in global food supplies and the implications for food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieseberg, Loren

    Increasing homogeneity in global food supplies and the implications for food security Colin K Trust, 53115 Bonn, Germany; g CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security to the world's food supplies has been considered a potential threat to food security. However, changes

  3. Reward value of food pictures / 1 Pictures of Food Have Reward Value that Varies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chabris, Christopher F.

    Reward value of food pictures / 1 Pictures of Food Have Reward Value that Varies According RUNNING HEAD: Reward value of food pictures #12;Reward value of food pictures / 2 Abstract A stimulus pictures of food can be rewards for human subjects, with reward value operationalized as the physical

  4. Configurational diffusion of asphaltenes in fresh and aged catalyst extrudates. Quarterly progress report, June 20, 1993--September 20, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guin, J.A.; Tarrer, A.R.

    1993-12-01

    This quarter, we measured the surface areas and effective diffusivities for fresh, spent and regenerated unimodal Criterion 324 and bimodal EXP-AO-60 catalysts. The results showed that the surface areas for spent catalysts decreased greatly due to coke formation and metal deposition during coal liquefaction process. After regeneration, the catalyst surface areas were partially or completely restored. Adsorption equilibrium experiments showed that the adsorption isotherms for quinoline in cyclohexane with these six sample of catalysts could be well represented by Freundlich isotherms. The effective diffusivities with these catalysts were obtained by fitting experimental data with the diffusional model. The results indicated that the effective diffusivity for fresh bimodal catalyst with larger pore size was greater than that for fresh unimodal catalyst with a smaller pore size. After the catalysts were used in a coal liquefaction process, the effective diffusivities decreased to less than 1% of those for fresh catalysts. When the spent catalysts were regenerated in air, the effective diffusivites were recovered to 35--50% of those for fresh catalysts.

  5. Proposal for the award of a blanket order contract for the supply and installation of high-voltage metal-clad compartmented switchgear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a blanket order contract for the supply and installation of high-voltage metal-clad compartmented switchgear. Following a market survey (MS-2761/ST) carried out among 59 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2827/ST) was sent on 23 January 2001 to 14 firms in ten Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received eight tenders from eight firms in seven Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a blanket order contract with SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC (IT), the lowest bidder, for the supply and installation of high-voltage metal-clad compartmented switchgear for a total amount of 4 300 000 euros (6 611 000 Swiss francs), not subject to revision until 31 July 2003. The rate of exchange which has been used is that stipulated in the tender. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: IT - 70%; FR - 30%.

  6. FOOD 520 Advances in Food Analysis Instructor: Dr. Jerzy Zawistowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and government. The course is composed of lectures and hands-on laboratories. Outline Spectroscopy: fundamental of the Journal of Food Science in the preparation of lab reports. Evaluation Theory 60% · Midterm 20% · Final. Handbook of Enzymatic Methods of Analysis. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc. Hames, B.D. and Rickwood, D. (Eds

  7. Fresh Water Generation from Aquifer-Pressured Carbon Storage: Annual Report FY09

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolery, T; Aines, R; Hao, Y; Bourcier, W; Wolfe, T; Haussman, C

    2009-11-25

    This project is establishing the potential for using brine pressurized by Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) operations in saline formations as the feedstock for desalination and water treatment technologies including reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF). The aquifer pressure resulting from the energy required to inject the carbon dioxide provides all or part of the inlet pressure for the desalination system. Residual brine is reinjected into the formation at net volume reduction, such that the volume of fresh water extracted balances the volume of CO{sub 2} injected into the formation. This process provides additional CO{sub 2} storage capacity in the aquifer, reduces operational risks (cap-rock fracturing, contamination of neighboring fresh water aquifers, and seismicity) by relieving overpressure in the formation, and provides a source of low-cost fresh water to offset costs or operational water needs. This multi-faceted project combines elements of geochemistry, reservoir engineering, and water treatment engineering. The range of saline formation waters is being identified and analyzed. Computer modeling and laboratory-scale experimentation are being used to examine mineral scaling and osmotic pressure limitations. Computer modeling is being used to evaluate processes in the storage aquifer, including the evolution of the pressure field. Water treatment costs are being evaluated by comparing the necessary process facilities to those in common use for seawater RO. There are presently limited brine composition data available for actual CCS sites by the site operators including in the U.S. the seven regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (CSPs). To work around this, we are building a 'catalog' of compositions representative of 'produced' waters (waters produced in the course of seeking or producing oil and gas), to which we are adding data from actual CCS sites as they become available. Produced waters comprise the most common examples of saline formation waters. Therefore, they are expected to be representative of saline formation waters at actual and potential future CCS sites. We are using a produced waters database (Breit, 2002) covering most of the United States compiled by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). In one instance to date, we have used this database to find a composition corresponding to the brine expected at an actual CCS site (Big Sky CSP, Nugget Formation, Sublette County, Wyoming). We have located other produced waters databases, which are usually of regional scope (e.g., NETL, 2005, Rocky Mountains basins).

  8. Food Environments Near Home and School Related to Consumption of Soda and Fast Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babey, Susan H; Wolstein, Joelle; Diamant, Allison L

    2011-01-01

    AM, Popkin BM. Trends in food locations and sources amongBM. Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998.Ludwig DS. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake

  9. Geography of urban food access : exploring potential causes of food deserts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Caitlin

    2012-01-01

    We believe we understand food deserts, but we do not. In the last decade the phenomenon of food deserts has been often discussed, and many solutions are proposed to alleviate food access issues in American cities. However, ...

  10. Development of a fresh MOX fuel transport package for disposition of weapons plutonium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ludwig, S.B.; Pope, R.B.; Shappert, L.B.; Michelhaugh, R.D.; Chae, S.M.

    1998-11-01

    The US Department of Energy announced its Record of Decision on January 14, 1997, to embark on a dual-track approach for disposition of surplus weapons-usable plutonium using immobilization in glass or ceramics and burning plutonium as mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel in reactors. In support of the MOX fuel alternative, Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated development of conceptual designs for a new package for transporting fresh (unirradiated) MOX fuel assemblies between the MOX fabrication facility and existing commercial light-water reactors in the US. This paper summarizes progress made in development of new MOX transport package conceptual designs. The development effort has included documentation of programmatic and technical requirements for the new package and development and analysis of conceptual designs that satisfy these requirements.

  11. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    IPM packages deliver food security For the past 5 years IPM CRSP researchers have been developing Package for potato production in Kyrgyzstan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research, Walter Pett, and David Douches, Michigan State University. An IPM package is a set of practices

  12. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    IPM packages deliver food security For the past 5 years IPM CRSP researchers have been developing Package for open field tomato production in Uzbekistan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management. An IPM package is a set of practices and technologies that can be used in production to increase yield

  13. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    IPM packages deliver food security For the past 5 years IPM CRSP researchers have been developing Package for wheat production in Tajikistan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research State University; Dr. Anvar Jalilov, Tajik Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Tajikistan. An IPM package

  14. Cook food to proper temperature.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    and after handling or eating food; nafter playing with pets or visiting a zoo; nafter coughing, sneezing out of their mouths when they cough or sneeze. · Have the children touch something (table or chair. · Explain that if you wash your hands after coughing or sneezing in them, the germs will be washed away

  15. Project Management Plan Chinese Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igusa, Kiyoshi

    impact of this project? · Data management: How do we collect, preserve and sort all of the files? Which special equipment, facilities needed or wanted? According to http://project-management-knowledge.com/ weProject Management Plan Chinese Food According to NSF, the basic elements of a project management

  16. Extended Fresh Storage of Fishery Products With Modified Atmospheres: A Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Gloucester, MA 01930. KURT A. WILHELM Introduction Fish is one of the most perishable of foods. In unfrozen. These methods, vacuum packaging. hypo- baric storage, hyperbaric storage, and the use ofsuch gases as carbon(2) period the product must be discarded. From an economic viewpoint, the ability to preserve the quality

  17. UC Global Food Initiative: UC ANR student fellows work on food insecurity, food communication and developing the next generation of Cooperative Extension experts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downing, Jim

    2015-01-01

    Research news UC Global Food Initiative: UC ANRstudent fellows work on foodinsecurity, food communication and developing the next

  18. Global trends in agriculture and food systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    development * Corresponding author: Danish Research Centre for Organic Food and Farming (DARCOF), P.O. Box 501 Global trends in agriculture and food systems Marie Trydeman Knudsen*, Niels Halberg, Jørgen E .................................................................................16 Global trends in organic agriculture

  19. Energy Savings in Food Processing Dehumidification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turney, R. L.; Young, F. J.

    1994-01-01

    Food processors have the unique responsibility of maintaining environmental, process and sanitation standards for government and consumers. Usually the food plant is a large facility with many sources of contamination, all of which must...

  20. Control of Viral Contamination of Food and Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cliver, Dean O.

    2009-01-01

    M. , & Sattar, S. A. (2000a). Contamination of foods by food2004). Norovirus cross-contamination during food handlingcoli in mussels after contamination and depu- ration.

  1. Food Decisions Among Working Latino Families in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, Mirna Troncoso

    2015-01-01

    C. (2003). Personal and family food choice schemas of ruralevening meals. Scripts for food choice. Appetite, 51(3),parents' satisfaction with food-choice coping strategies.

  2. Theorizing Food Sharing Practices in a Junior High Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mary

    2013-01-01

    10.1177/0022487106296218 Theorizing Food Exchanges Conle,a psychosociology of food consumption. In C. Counihan &P. Van Estrik (Eds. ), Food, and culture: A reader (2 nd

  3. Metro Vancouver: Designing for Urban Food Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roehr, Daniel; Kunigk, Isabel

    2009-01-01

    urbanism, which would provide for the integration of sustainableurbanism and municipal supported agriculture: a new food system path for sustainable

  4. Regression-based estimates of the rate of accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean: A fresh look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regression-based estimates of the rate of accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean: A fresh February 2012 Available online 23 February 2012 Keywords: Carbon dioxide Regression MLR eMLR Regression and guidelines for improvement are presented. Following these guidelines leads to a local two- regression method

  5. Development of an Alginate-based Antimicrobial Edible Coating to Extend the Shelf-life of Fresh-cut Pineapple 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mantilla, Natalia

    2012-07-16

    and beneficial components of fresh-cut pineapple is coating the fruit with an edible material, a coating. This coating acts as a barrier against moisture loss and gas exchanges and can be a carrier of other components like antimicrobials, which can help to extend...

  6. Alginate-Based Edible Coating to Enhance Quality and Shelf-Life of Fresh-Cut Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sipahi, Rabia

    2012-10-19

    of multilayered antimicrobial edible coating on the shelf-life of fresh-cut watermelon while keeping its original attributes for longer, without affecting its sensory properties. A set of solutions containing sodium alginate (0.5, 1, 2% w/w), beta...

  7. Carbon Footprinting for the Food Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    174-1 Carbon Footprinting for the Food Industry Tim Bowser FAPC Food Process Engineer FAPC-174 and Natural Resources Carbon footprinting in the food industry is an activity that determines the greenhouse footprint for their processing facility and products. The importance of establishing a carbon footprint

  8. Persistence of complex food webs in metacommunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Persistence of complex food webs in metacommunities Gesa A. B¨ohme 1 and Thilo Gross 2 1 Max of Engineering Mathematics, Bristol, UK Keywords: metacommunities, food webs, predator-prey interactions, geo diversity and food web complexity. Recently Pillai et al. proposed a simple modeling framework

  9. Modelling Food Webs B. Drossel1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Alan

    Modelling Food Webs B. Drossel1 and A. J. McKane2,3 1 Institut f¨ur Festk¨orperphysik, TU Darmstadt, UK Abstract We review theoretical approaches to the understanding of food webs. After an overview of the available food web data, we discuss three different classes of models. The first class comprise static

  10. UNSTRUCTURED MARINE FOOD WEBS AND "POLLUTANT ANALOGUES"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by using real data. Let us first assume that in a food web each transfer of organic material (or energyUNSTRUCTURED MARINE FOOD WEBS AND "POLLUTANT ANALOGUES" JOHN D. ISAACS' ABSTRACT The several envi- ronments. The concentration factor found in the known and describable food chain of the Salton

  11. INTRODUCTION Aquatic food-webs' ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTRODUCTION Aquatic food-webs' ecology: old and new challenges Andrea Belgrano Looking up ``aquatic food web'' on Google provides a dizzying array of eclectic sites and information (and disinformation!) to choose from. However, even within this morass it is clear that aquatic food-web research has

  12. Reducing Food Safety Risks in Community Gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Reducing Food Safety Risks in Community Gardens Creating and maintaining community and school gardens has been identified as an effective strategy to increase healthy food awareness and consumption in the U.S. since 1990. In commercial food production, employing a set of risk-reduction steps -- known

  13. Food Policy November 28, August 20, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotze, Heike K.

    in only the Atrium hallways. Food waste should be placed in the appropriate waste container. Non1 Food Policy November 28, 2012 August 20, 2013 Head, Killam Memorial Library University Librarian The purpose of the Killam Memorial Library Food policy is to preserve our collections and facilities

  14. Angel Huerta Senior Food Service Worker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    , to keep food waste and costs to a minimum, saving the dept. approximately $4,000 to date. He worksAngel Huerta Senior Food Service Worker Resource Management and Planning: Early Childhood Education of all backgrounds, it participates in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). The CACFP provides

  15. Public engagement initiative on food and drink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    .g. Gut flora E.g. Minimising food waste Global Context Growing, farming and Harvesting ProcessingPublic engagement initiative on food and drink #12;The Wellcome Trust is a global charitable initiative on food and drink 2 #12;We support the brightest minds in biomedical research and the medical

  16. Design of a proteus lattice representative of a burnt and fresh fuel interface at power conditions in light water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hursin, M.; Perret, G. [Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), 5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

    2012-07-01

    The research program LIFE (Large-scale Irradiated Fuel Experiment) between PSI and Swissnuclear has been started in 2006 to study the interaction between large sets of burnt and fresh fuel pins in conditions representative of power light water reactors. Reactor physics parameters such as flux ratios and reaction rate distributions ({sup 235}U and {sup 238}U fissions and {sup 238}U capture) are calculated to estimate an appropriate arrangement of burnt and fresh fuel pins within the central element of the test zone of the zero-power research reactor PROTEUS. The arrangement should minimize the number of burnt fuel pins to ease fuel handling and reduce costs, whilst guaranteeing that the neutron spectrum in both burnt and fresh fuel regions and at their interface is representative of a large uniform array of burnt and fresh pins in the same moderation conditions. First results are encouraging, showing that the burnt/fresh fuel interface is well represented with a 6 x 6 bundle of burnt pins. The second part of the project involves the use of TSUNAMI, CASMO-4E and DAKOTA to perform parametric and optimization studies on the PROTEUS lattice by varying its pitch (P) and fraction of D{sub 2}O in moderator (F{sub D2O}) to be as representative as possible of a power light water reactor core at hot full power conditions at beginning of cycle (BOC). The parameters P and F{sub D2O} that best represent a PWR at BOC are 1.36 cm and 5% respectively. (authors)

  17. The University of British Columbia FOOD 521 -Advances in Food Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    quality, functional foods, and flavor manufacturing. Students will be assessed by mid-term and finalThe University of British Columbia FOOD 521 - Advances in Food Biotechnology Winter Term 2 (JAN: FOOD 521 is a topical course intended to provide an advanced understanding of key concepts and current

  18. FOOD 527G (3 credits) HACCP Food Safety Management System Target Audience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 FOOD 527G (3 credits) HACCP Food Safety Management System Target Audience The course is designed primarily for the MFS (Master of Food Science) students. However, this course would also be beneficial for other Food Science graduate students (M.Sc. and Ph.D.). Course Description The HACCP (Hazard Analysis

  19. Food, Glorious Food Mary-Slater Linn & Jeffrey Nystuen with Chef Chandra Longsaravane getting ready to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

    35 Food, Glorious Food Mary-Slater Linn & Jeffrey Nystuen with Chef Chandra Longsaravane getting. How different would the food be from Thailand? Would there be unique flavors and products? Let's prowl the food markets, try the street stalls, verify the recommendations of the guidebook. We signed up

  20. S:Sensory&Food Mechanisms for Sensing Fat in Food in the Mouth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    S:Sensory&Food Quality Mechanisms for Sensing Fat in Food in the Mouth Presented at the Symposium Pleasure and Beyond" held at the Institute of Food Technologists 2011 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La., U show that the pleasantness of food texture is represented in the orbitofrontal cortex. These findings

  1. University Food Permit For Serving Food or Refreshments on University Property

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    University Food Permit For Serving Food or Refreshments on University Property Not Required for Events When All Food is Provided or Catered by University Dining Services (The nature of your event may require that you provide additional details or information on request) Authorization for serving food

  2. Food ProtectionTrends,Vol. 25, No. 12, Pages 981990 2005, International Association for Food Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Food ProtectionTrends,Vol. 25, No. 12, Pages 981­990 Copyright© 2005, International Association for Food Protection 6200 Aurora Ave., Suite 200W, Des Moines, IA 50322-2864 Factors Impacting Food Workers' and Managers' Safe Food Preparation Practices: A Qualitative Study LAURA R. GREEN1* and CAROL SELMAN2 1 Health

  3. Decomposition of Fresh and Anaerobically Digested Plant Biomass in Soil1 K. K. MOORHEAD, D. A, GRAETZ, AND K. R. REDDY2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Decomposition of Fresh and Anaerobically Digested Plant Biomass in Soil1 K. K. MOORHEAD, D. A to produce CH4 or added to soil directly as an amendment.In this study, fresh and anaerobically digested digested plant biomass in soil. J. En- viron. Qual. 16:25-28. Anaerobic digestion of organic materials

  4. We are fishing out the oceans, killing off the wild animals, cutting down the forests, denuding the mountains, using up the fresh water, even turning land into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurucz, Robert L.

    the mountains, using up the fresh water, even turning land into desert. We are polluting the oceans, the fresh water, the land, the air. We waste most of the energy coming from the sun and from the earth. Instead of using the energy to make capital investments that benefit the whole earth, such as pollution remediation

  5. Food Safety for Tailgate Parties and Picnics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    2001-10-22

    , diarrhea, nausea, headaches and maybe even vomiting, can result from the improper handling of foods. The bacteria that cause foodborne illness grow at temper- atures between 40 and 140 degrees F. This is called the ?danger zone.? Foods prepared for outdoor... eating can fall into the danger zone even when the weather is cool. What foods are risky? Almost any food can be a source of hazardous bacteria, but the most hazardous foods are moist and contain protein. This includes meats, poultry, fish, seafood, eggs...

  6. 4-H Favorite Foods Unit 1. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Maeona; Mason, Louise; Reasonover, Frances; Tribble, Marie

    1958-01-01

    Lettuce leaves or other greens 1. Wash lettuce or other greens. Place in refrigerator. 2. Wash apples and celery. Drain. Chop celery as shown. See drawing for how to dice apples. Put in large mixing bowl. 3. Add nuts. 4. Blend mayonnaise and cream... safely. 8. Learn the best way to wash dishes and clean up the kitchen. 0 Learn to eat the foods listed on the Texas Food Standard. Keep your food record up to date. Exhibit one food you learned to cook at favorite food show. Kitchen Tips for 4-H...

  7. The Role of Food in American Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Hannah; Heiman, Kelly; Kimmel, Wes; Barnard, Julia; Holmes, Tyler

    2010-06-11

    Potawatomi managed to resist missionization and a subsequent loss of identity. Additionally, by behav- ing in this manner, the Potawatomi men preserved their culturally sanctioned role in food production. The male food responsibility was centered on hunting... stream_size 170307 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name The Role of Food.pdf.txt stream_source_info The Role of Food.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 The Role of Food...

  8. Power Outage 1.Stop serving food and beverages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LESSON1 Power Outage 1.Stop serving food and beverages. Notify customers. 2.Do two things food. Emergency Readiness for Food Workers #12;LESSON1 Power Outage 5.Food being held cold: Discard

  9. Ordinary Food Spaces in a Global City: Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Megan Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    Megan Kathleen. “Ordinary Food Places in a Global City: Hongotherinfo/110318_food_supply_faq/e_foods upply_faq.pdf .Megan Kathleen. “Ordinary Food Places in a Global City: Hong

  10. Students' Perceptions of Food and Factors That Influence Purchasing Decisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lindsay Marie

    2013-06-06

    When it comes to food, college students need help selecting healthy food choices. Students are presented with many options to purchase food at grocery stores and restaurants and many of these options include organic food. ...

  11. Ordinary Food Spaces in a Global City: Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Megan Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    food consumption and food waste. She is currently working tothe food from the wholesale market, become waste once theirwaste-paper-hits-scavengers Accessed 17/1/2013. Blake, Megan Kathleen. “Ordinary Food

  12. Analysis of fresh fuel critical experiments appropriate for burnup credit validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeHart, M.D.; Bowman, S.M.

    1995-10-01

    The ANS/ANS-8.1 standard requires that calculational methods used in determining criticality safety limits for applications outside reactors be validated by comparison with appropriate critical experiments. This report provides a detailed description of 34 fresh fuel critical experiments and their analyses using the SCALE-4.2 code system and the 27-group ENDF/B-IV cross-section library. The 34 critical experiments were selected based on geometry, material, and neutron interaction characteristics that are applicable to a transportation cask loaded with pressurized-water-reactor spent fuel. These 34 experiments are a representative subset of a much larger data base of low-enriched uranium and mixed-oxide critical experiments. A statistical approach is described and used to obtain an estimate of the bias and uncertainty in the calculational methods and to predict a confidence limit for a calculated neutron multiplication factor. The SCALE-4.2 results for a superset of approximately 100 criticals are included in uncertainty analyses, but descriptions of the individual criticals are not included.

  13. Stability monitoring system for the Fresh Kills Landfill in New York City

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomann, T.G.; Khoury, M.A.; Rosenfarb, J.L.; Napolitano, R.A.

    1999-07-01

    The Fresh Kills Landfill, located in Staten Island, New York, serves as the repository of all municipal solid waste from the five boroughs of New York City. Because of the existence of compressible soils under most of the filling areas and the urban environment surrounding the landfill, considerable importance is being placed on the relationship between filling operations and the stability of the landfill. As a result of this concern and to address Order on Consent requirements, a program of geotechnical site characterizations, stability analyses, and design and implementation of a geotechnical instrumentation program was undertaken. Geotechnical instruments have been installed within the refuse fill and foundation soils to monitor both the magnitude and rate of change of pore pressure, lateral and vertical movements, and temperature. This paper presents an overview of the subsurface conditions, the overall instrumentation plan for assessing the landfill stability, a description of the various instruments, the performance of these instruments to date, an overview of the collected measurements, and a description of how these measurements are used to monitor the stability.

  14. Power distributions in fresh and depleted LEU and HEU cores of the MITR reactor.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, E.H.; Horelik, N.E.; Dunn, F.E.; Newton, T.H., Jr.; Hu, L.; Stevens, J.G. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (2MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory and Nuclear Science and Engineering Department)

    2012-04-04

    The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Reactor (MITR-II) is a research reactor in Cambridge, Massachusetts designed primarily for experiments using neutron beam and in-core irradiation facilities. It delivers a neutron flux comparable to current LWR power reactors in a compact 6 MW core using Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) fuel. In the framework of its non-proliferation policies, the international community presently aims to minimize the amount of nuclear material available that could be used for nuclear weapons. In this geopolitical context, most research and test reactors both domestic and international have started a program of conversion to the use of Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) fuel. A new type of LEU fuel based on an alloy of uranium and molybdenum (UMo) is expected to allow the conversion of U.S. domestic high performance reactors like the MITR-II reactor. Toward this goal, core geometry and power distributions are presented. Distributions of power are calculated for LEU cores depleted with MCODE using an MCNP5 Monte Carlo model. The MCNP5 HEU and LEU MITR models were previously compared to experimental benchmark data for the MITR-II. This same model was used with a finer spatial depletion in order to generate power distributions for the LEU cores. The objective of this work is to generate and characterize a series of fresh and depleted core peak power distributions, and provide a thermal hydraulic evaluation of the geometry which should be considered for subsequent thermal hydraulic safety analyses.

  15. Vaginal mesh grafts and the Food and Drug Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostergard, Donald R.

    2010-01-01

    and the Food and Drug Administration Donald R. Ostergardthe food and drug administration's (FDA) 510(k) process of

  16. Keeping Food Safe in the MarketKeeping Food Safe in the Market ood safety risks and responsibilities: Farmers markets are a great way for consumers to get fresh produce, to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    . If they have had jaundice, a medical release form should be required. If symptoms are coughing, sneezing

  17. Commercial production and distribution of fresh fruits and vegetables: A scoping study on the importance of produce pathways to dose

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsh, T.L.; Anderson, D.M.; Farris, W.T.; Ikenberry, T.A.; Napier, B.A.; Wilfert, G.L.

    1992-09-01

    This letter report summarizes a scoping study that examined the potential importance of fresh fruit and vegetable pathways to dose. A simple production index was constructed with data collected from the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA), the United States Bureau of the Census, and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project staff from Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, in cooperation with members of the Technical Steering Panel (TSP), selected lettuce and spinach as the produce pathways most likely to impact dose. County agricultural reports published in 1956 provided historical descriptions of the predominant distribution patterns of fresh lettuce and spinach from production regions to local population centers. Pathway rankings and screening dose estimates were calculated for specific populations living in selected locations within the HEDR study area.

  18. Recovery of Fresh Water Resources from Desalination of Brine Produced During Oil and Gas Production Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David B. Burnett; Mustafa Siddiqui

    2006-12-29

    Management and disposal of produced water is one of the most important problems associated with oil and gas (O&G) production. O&G production operations generate large volumes of brine water along with the petroleum resource. Currently, produced water is treated as a waste and is not available for any beneficial purposes for the communities where oil and gas is produced. Produced water contains different contaminants that must be removed before it can be used for any beneficial surface applications. Arid areas like west Texas produce large amount of oil, but, at the same time, have a shortage of potable water. A multidisciplinary team headed by researchers from Texas A&M University has spent more than six years is developing advanced membrane filtration processes for treating oil field produced brines The government-industry cooperative joint venture has been managed by the Global Petroleum Research Institute (GPRI). The goal of the project has been to demonstrate that treatment of oil field waste water for re-use will reduce water handling costs by 50% or greater. Our work has included (1) integrating advanced materials into existing prototype units and (2) operating short and long-term field testing with full size process trains. Testing at A&M has allowed us to upgrade our existing units with improved pre-treatment oil removal techniques and new oil tolerant RO membranes. We have also been able to perform extended testing in 'field laboratories' to gather much needed extended run time data on filter salt rejection efficiency and plugging characteristics of the process train. The Program Report describes work to evaluate the technical and economical feasibility of treating produced water with a combination of different separation processes to obtain water of agricultural water quality standards. Experiments were done for the pretreatment of produced water using a new liquid-liquid centrifuge, organoclay and microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes for the removal of hydrocarbons from produced water. The results of these experiments show that hydrocarbons from produced water can be reduced from 200 ppm to below 29 ppm level. Experiments were also done to remove the dissolved solids (salts) from the pretreated produced water using desalination membranes. Produced water with up to 45,000 ppm total dissolved solids (TDS) can be treated to agricultural water quality water standards having less than 500 ppm TDS. The Report also discusses the results of field testing of various process trains to measure performance of the desalination process. Economic analysis based on field testing, including capital and operational costs, was done to predict the water treatment costs. Cost of treating produced water containing 15,000 ppm total dissolved solids and 200 ppm hydrocarbons to obtain agricultural water quality with less than 200 ppm TDS and 2 ppm hydrocarbons range between $0.5-1.5 /bbl. The contribution of fresh water resource from produced water will contribute enormously to the sustainable development of the communities where oil and gas is produced and fresh water is a scarce resource. This water can be used for many beneficial purposes such as agriculture, horticulture, rangeland and ecological restorations, and other environmental and industrial application.

  19. Fresh Water Generation from Aquifer-Pressured Carbon Storage: Interim Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aines, R D; Wolery, T J; Hao, Y; Bourcier, W L

    2009-07-22

    This project is establishing the potential for using brine pressurized by Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) operations in saline formations as the feedstock for desalination and water treatment technologies including nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO). The aquifer pressure resulting from the energy required to inject the carbon dioxide provides all or part of the inlet pressure for the desalination system. Residual brine would be reinjected into the formation at net volume reduction. This process provides additional storage space (capacity) in the aquifer, reduces operational risks by relieving overpressure in the aquifer, and provides a source of low-cost fresh water to offset costs or operational water needs. Computer modeling and laboratory-scale experimentation are being used to examine mineral scaling and osmotic pressure limitations for brines typical of CCS sites. Computer modeling is being used to evaluate processes in the aquifer, including the evolution of the pressure field. This progress report deals mainly with our geochemical modeling of high-salinity brines and covers the first six months of project execution (September, 2008 to March, 2009). Costs and implementation results will be presented in the annual report. The brines typical of sequestration sites can be several times more concentrated than seawater, requiring specialized modeling codes typical of those developed for nuclear waste disposal calculations. The osmotic pressure developed as the brines are concentrated is of particular concern, as are precipitates that can cause fouling of reverse osmosis membranes and other types of membranes (e.g., NF). We have now completed the development associated with tasks (1) and (2) of the work plan. We now have a contract with Perlorica, Inc., to provide support to the cost analysis and nanofiltration evaluation. We have also conducted several preliminary analyses of the pressure effect in the reservoir in order to confirm that reservoir pressure can indeed be used to drive the reverse osmosis process. Our initial conclusions from the work to date are encouraging: (1) The concept of aquifer-pressured RO to provide fresh water associated with carbon dioxide storage appears feasible. (2) Concentrated brines such as those found in Wyoming are amenable to RO treatment. We have looked at sodium chloride brines from the Nugget Formation in Sublette County. 20-25% removal with conventional methods is realistic; higher removal appears achievable with NF. The less concentrated sulfate-rich brines from the Tensleep Formation in Sublette County would support >80% removal with conventional RO. (3) Brines from other proposed sequestration sites can now be analyzed readily. An osmotic pressure curve appropriate to these brines can be used to evaluate cost and equipment specifications. (4) We have examined a range of subsurface brine compositions that is potentially pertinent to carbon sequestration and noted the principal compositional trends pertinent to evaluating the feasibility of freshwater extraction. We have proposed a general categorization for the feasibility of the process based on total dissolved solids (TDS). (5) Withdrawing pressurized brine can have a very beneficial effect on reservoir pressure and total available storage capacity. Brine must be extracted from a deeper location in the aquifer than the point of CO{sub 2} injection to prevent CO{sub 2} from migrating to the brine extraction well.

  20. The effect of enzymes and hydrocolloids on the texture of tortillas from fresh nixtamalized masa and nixtamalized corn flour 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez de Velasco, Arturo Carlos

    2004-09-30

    THE EFFECT OF ENZYMES AND HYDROCOLLOIDS ON THE TEXTURE OF TORTILLAS FROM FRESH NIXTAMALIZED MASA AND NIXTAMALIZED CORN FLOUR A Thesis by ARTURO CARLOS GUTIERREZ DE VELASCO ALVAREZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... MASA AND NIXTAMALIZED CORN FLOUR A Thesis by ARTURO CARLOS GUTIERREZ DE VELASCO ALVAREZ Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style...

  1. Evaluation of peroxyacetic acid as a potential pre-grinding treatment for control of enteric pathogens on fresh beef trim 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellebracht, John Wayne

    2005-11-01

    . Peroxyacetic acid has been studied for use as a surface sanitizer; however, little research exists regarding its use on fresh beef trim. Therefore, the purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effectiveness of peroxyacetic acid in reducing the level.... The majority of the contamination originates from the dirt, dust, and fecal matter associated with the hide and occurs as the hide is removed (Ayres, 1955; Elder, Keen, Siragusa, Barkocy-Gallagher, Koohmaraie & Laegreid, 2000). The use of strict sanitation...

  2. Natural Nuclear Reactor Oklo and Variation of Fundamental Constants Part 1: Computation of Neutronics of Fresh Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. V. Petrov; A. I. Nazarov; M. S. Onegin; V. Yu. Petrov; E. G. Sakhnovsky

    2005-09-15

    Using modern methods of reactor physics we have performed full-scale calculations of the natural reactor Oklo. For reliability we have used recent version of two Monte Carlo codes: Russian code MCU REA and world wide known code MCNP (USA). Both codes produce similar results. We have constructed a computer model of the reactor Oklo zone RZ2 which takes into account all details of design and composition. The calculations were performed for three fresh cores with different uranium contents. Multiplication factors, reactivities and neutron fluxes were calculated. We have estimated also the temperature and void effects for the fresh core. As would be expected, we have found for the fresh core a significant difference between reactor and Maxwell spectra, which was used before for averaging cross sections in the Oklo reactor. The averaged cross section of Sm-149 and its dependence on the shift of resonance position (due to variation of fundamental constants) are significantly different from previous results. Contrary to results of some previous papers we find no evidence for the change of the fine structure constant in the past and obtain new, most accurate limits on its variation with time: -4 10^{-17}year^{-1} < d alpha/dt/alpha < 3 10^{-17} year^{-1} A further improvement in the accuracy of the limits can be achieved by taking account of the core burnup. These calculations are in progress.

  3. FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES hOW TO STORE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for fresh use and jams. September and Cumberland (black) freeze well. yield Less than 2 percent from prime that are not bruised or damaged. Bag fresh fruits separate from meat, poultry and seafood products. Wash hands before. Use a separate cutting board for fruits, and keep away from raw meat, poultry and seafood Follow

  4. Covered Product Category: Hot Food Holding Cabinets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  5. Ethanol: Producting Food, Feed, and Fuel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the August 7, 2008 joint quarterly Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Todd Sneller (Nebraska Ethanol Board) discussed the food versus fuel issue.

  6. The Future of Food Information Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kline, Jessica

    2007-01-01

    internet) and transparency (providing a detailed description of every food item’s history).s history through the use of a computer and internet access.

  7. THE CALCULATION OF BURNABLE POISON CORRECTION FACTORS FOR PWR FRESH FUEL ACTIVE COLLAR MEASUREMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, Stephen; Favalli, Andrea; Swinhoe, Martyn T.

    2012-06-19

    Verification of commercial low enriched uranium light water reactor fuel takes place at the fuel fabrication facility as part of the overall international nuclear safeguards solution to the civilian use of nuclear technology. The fissile mass per unit length is determined nondestructively by active neutron coincidence counting using a neutron collar. A collar comprises four slabs of high density polyethylene that surround the assembly. Three of the slabs contain {sup 3}He filled proportional counters to detect time correlated fission neutrons induced by an AmLi source placed in the fourth slab. Historically, the response of a particular collar design to a particular fuel assembly type has been established by careful cross-calibration to experimental absolute calibrations. Traceability exists to sources and materials held at Los Alamos National Laboratory for over 35 years. This simple yet powerful approach has ensured consistency of application. Since the 1980's there has been a steady improvement in fuel performance. The trend has been to higher burn up. This requires the use of both higher initial enrichment and greater concentrations of burnable poisons. The original analytical relationships to correct for varying fuel composition are consequently being challenged because the experimental basis for them made use of fuels of lower enrichment and lower poison content than is in use today and is envisioned for use in the near term. Thus a reassessment of the correction factors is needed. Experimental reassessment is expensive and time consuming given the great variation between fuel assemblies in circulation. Fortunately current modeling methods enable relative response functions to be calculated with high accuracy. Hence modeling provides a more convenient and cost effective means to derive correction factors which are fit for purpose with confidence. In this work we use the Monte Carlo code MCNPX with neutron coincidence tallies to calculate the influence of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} burnable poison on the measurement of fresh pressurized water reactor fuel. To empirically determine the response function over the range of historical and future use we have considered enrichments up to 5 wt% {sup 235}U/{sup tot}U and Gd weight fractions of up to 10 % Gd/UO{sub 2}. Parameterized correction factors are presented.

  8. Twitter Food Photo Mining and Analysis for One Hundred Kinds of Foods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    Twitter Food Photo Mining and Analysis for One Hundred Kinds of Foods Keiji Yanai and Yoshiyuki-shi, Tokyo 182-8585 Japan {yanai,kawano-y}@mm.inf.uec.ac.jp Abstract. So many people post photos as well mining for specific kinds of photos, we describe food photo mining from the Twitter stream. To collect

  9. packaged foods followed food labeling changes that went into effect in 2006.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    packaged foods followed food labeling changes that went into effect in 2006.1 Further labeling for a product labeled zero trans fat to have close to 0.5 g of trans fat per serving, we are unaware of any pub packaged foods would elimi- nate these differences and would help persons who may only have access

  10. Title: Energy, Water and Food: A Preliminary Conversation with the Food and Agriculture Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Title: Energy, Water and Food: A Preliminary Conversation with the Food and Agriculture for attendees) to discuss a topic high on the agenda for FAO entitled "Energy, Water and Food". The FAO visitors Feldman Shelley rf12 DSOC Holst-Warhaft Gail glh3 MAE *Gomez Miguel mig7 AEM *Parrish Colin crp3 BAKERI

  11. LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD: THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    Sustainable production and consumption has risen up the political agenda over the last ten years, to becomeLOCAL ORGANIC FOOD: THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION By Gill Seyfang CSERGE Working Paper EDM 04-09 #12;Local Organic Food: The Social Implications of Sustainable Consumption By Gill

  12. The Sodium Content of Your Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1982-01-01

    ............................ ............................. Pear nectar Pineapple juice .......................... Prune juice .............................. ................ Mineral Water. imported Tea ............................. Hot brewed .............................. Hot instant... .................................... Condiments, fats and oils 2t ........ Sodium Content of Selected Non-prescription Drugs 2t The Sodium Content of Your Food Extension food and nutrition specialists, The Texas A&M University System. Introduction Sodium is a mineral element necessary...

  13. Energy Efficiency -FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY SEARCH PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    -based research to advance innovation in resource use efficiency in coupled water-energy systems. The successfulEnergy Efficiency - FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY SEARCH PLAN PAGE 8 OF 10 Approved 11 Efficiency University of California, Davis Title: Assistant Professor Water-Energy Efficiency in Food Science

  14. SCIENCE AT THE CROSSROADS Genetically Modified Foods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Stuart A.

    SCIENCE AT THE CROSSROADS Genetically Modified Foods and the Attack on Nature Stuart A. NewmanBy:[Newman,StuartA.]At:16:493July2009 #12;about, genetically modified (GM) food as scientifically ignorant, economically and Arpad Pusztai, ``Effect of Diets Containing Genetically Modified Potatoes Expressing galanthus nivalis

  15. FOOD FISH FACTS Crassostrea virginica Crassostrea ~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    66 FOOD FISH FACTS OYSTERS Crassostrea virginica Crassostrea ~ Although no one knows how many centuries 0 y s t e r s have been enjoyed as food, it is known that oyster farming has been practiced on the same principle as a vacuum cleaner. Suction dredges are very efficient in carrying oysters and other

  16. E:FoodEngineering& PhysicalProperties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, John

    E:FoodEngineering& PhysicalProperties JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties Ultrasonic pressure or under vacuum (to minimize bubble nucleation). Ultrasonic velocity and attenuation (nominally were evident in both air-mixed and vacuum-mixed doughs, suggesting that ultrasound was sensitive

  17. Twitter Food Photo Mining and Analysis for One

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    Twitter Food Photo Mining and Analysis for One Hundred Kinds of Foods Pacific-Rim Conf-Communications, Tokyo, Japan #12;Twitter Realtime Food Photo Mining System (mm.cs.uec.ac.jp/tw/) ·What kinds of foods analysis #12;Twitter Food Photo Mining ·Twitter Photos represent the current state of the world ! ·Mining

  18. Be a Food Detective Grades 9-12: T-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    Be a Food Detective Grades 9-12: T-1 Be a Food Detective Overview Students will explore the exciting area of food and nutrition and answer specific questions about prepared food products, such as, what a food is made from, the source of its ingredients, and how the ingredients were grown. Suggested

  19. Collection Policy: FOOD SCIENCE Subject Scope | Priority Tables | Other policies . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Chemistry 3. Food Microbiology 4. Food Engineering 5. Dairy Science 6. Food Processing Waste Technology 7Collection Policy: FOOD SCIENCE Subject Scope | Priority Tables | Other policies . . . 1.0 TEACHING, RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROGRAMS 1.1 Mission and emphases of the department Food Science activity at Cornell

  20. Food consumption and digestion time estimation of spotted scat, Scatophagus argus, using X-radiography technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hashim, Marina; Abidin, Diana Atiqah Zainal [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Das, Simon K. [Marine Ecosystem Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi (Malaysia); Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan M (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    The present study was conducted to investigate the food consumption pattern and gastric emptying time using x-radiography technique in scats fish, Scatophagus argus feeding to satiation in laboratory conditions. Prior to feeding experiment, fish of various sizes were examined their stomach volume, using freshly prepared stomachs ligatured at the tips of the burret, where the maximum amount of distilled water collected in the stomach were measured (ml). Stomach volume is correlated with maximum food intake (S{sub max}) and it can estimate the maximum stomach distension by allometric model i.e volume=0.0000089W{sup 2.93}. Gastric emptying time was estimated using a qualitative X-radiography technique, where the fish of various sizes were fed to satiation at different time since feeding. All the experimental fish was feed into satiation using radio-opaque barium sulphate (BaSO{sub 4}) paste injected in the wet shrimp in proportion to the body weight. The BaSO{sub 4} was found suitable to track the movement of feed/prey in the stomach over time and gastric emptying time of scats fish can be estimated. The results of qualitative X-Radiography observation of gastric motility, showed the fish (200 gm) that fed to maximum satiation meal (circa 11 gm) completely emptied their stomach within 30 - 36 hrs. The results of the present study will provide the first baseline information on the stomach volume, gastric emptying of scats fish in captivity.

  1. Enzyme Engineering in Biomimetic Compartments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colin, Pierre-Yves; Zinchenko, Anastasia; Hollfelder, Florian

    2015-09-03

    , D., et al. (2009). Droplet-based microfluidic systems for high-throughput single DNA molecule isothermal amplification and analysis. Anal Chem 81, 4813-4821. [39] Struder, A., Hadida, S., Ferritto, R., Kim, S.-Y., Jeger, P., Wipf, P., and Curran...

  2. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2007, Pages 661666 Factors Related to Food Worker Hand Hygiene Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    661 Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2007, Pages 661­666 Factors Related to Food Worker 37247; 4Connecticut Department of Public Health, Food Protection Program, Division of Environmental To identify factors related to food worker hand hygiene practices, we collected (i) observational data on food

  3. Central Coast consumers want more food-related information, from safety to ethics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Phil

    2006-01-01

    of food packaging or food waste. Several participants notedwas grown and the fate of food waste. Preferred information

  4. Determination of landfill gas composition and pollutant emission rates at fresh kills landfill. Volume 1. Project report. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-07

    Air emissions of landfill gas pollutants at Fresh Kills Landfill, located in Staten Island, NY, were estimated based on three weeks of sampling of flow, concentration, and flux at passive vents, gas extraction wells, gas collection plant headers, and the landfill surface conducted by Radian Corporation in 1995. Emission rates were estimated for 202 pollutants, including hydrogen sulfide, mercury vapor, speciated volatile organic compounds, methane, and carbon dioxide. Results indicate that large amounts of mercury enter the methane, and carbon dioxide. Results indicate that large amounts of mercury enter the methane recovery plant. Emission factors based on the results are presented.

  5. Master of Arts in History International program: Food History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    approach consumption, marketing and production of food from an economic, historical, sociological and traditions in food production and consumption. Environment, economy, and beliefs caused the emergence of geographically and socially diverse systems in the production, distribution and consumption of food

  6. Food and Beverage (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Food and Beverage (2010 MECS) Food and Beverage (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Food and Beverage Sector (NAICS 311, 312) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA...

  7. Quantifying the causes of the global food commodity price crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, G; Rajagopal, D; Timilsina, G; Zilberman, D

    2014-01-01

    63 p. [17] Timmer C. Causes of high food prices. MandaluyongD. Quantifying the causes of the global food commodity priceCarter C, Rausser G, Smith A. Causes of the food price boom.

  8. Food Finders Drive Organized - - Purdue University - West Lafayette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    2015-11-11

    Nov 11, 2015 ... The Math Office Staff teamed up this year to host a FOOD FINDERS food drive to help those less fortunate during the Holiday Season! The food ...

  9. Food Allergies Form Office of Conferences & Special Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    1 Food Allergies Form Office of Conferences & Special Events University to complete this form if the camper does not have a food allergy or special: *FOOD ALLERGY (S)/INTOLERANCES: Please provide medical documentation describing

  10. The Food System and a Role for Ecological Ethics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreisman, Isaac de Araujo

    2012-01-01

    2012/07/08/ business/organic-food-purists-worry-about-big-To Inherit the Earth. Oakland, CA: Food First Books, 2003.in Chiapas. Oakland, CA: Food First Books, 2005 (3 rd Ed. ).

  11. Food Preferences of the Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Kristie E.; Bizo, Lewis A.; Starkey, Nicola J.

    2013-01-01

    J. T. (1953). Quantity of food ingested as a measure ofE. (1978). Aspects of the food and nutrition of the brush-Kelling, A. S. (2011). Food preference, keeper ratings, and

  12. Examining Obesogenic Behavior Through the Lens of the Food Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolstein, Joelle

    2015-01-01

    SH, Wolstein J, Diamant AL. Food Environments Near Home andto Consumption of Soda and Fast Food. Los Angeles, CA: UCLAin Access to Healthy  Foods in the U.S.  American Journal 

  13. An Energy Conservation Program in the Food Industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farner, C. T.

    1986-01-01

    General Foods Corporation is one of the largest food manufacturing companies in the United States. It's brand names are well known, covering a wide range of food products. Maxwell House coffee, Post cereals, Birds Eye ...

  14. Handling Food and Supplies during Power Loss 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2005-09-30

    or uncertain, reduce your risk of getting sick by buying food that doesn?t require refrigeration or prepara- tion. Suggested Food Handling Food and Supplies during Power Loss ? Ready-to-eat canned/pouched meats/meals (e.g., tuna, chicken, spaghetti... or gas commonly occurs during storms or other natural disasters. However, power loss may continue for weeks after the storm has passed, especially if an area has been damaged by floods or high winds. If you are in an area where power is limited...

  15. Explore the Genetic Frontier: Labeling Foods Derived from Biotechnology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vestal, Andy; Hawkins, Carole

    2002-10-19

    Today's food labels provide consumers with nutrition information. This publication discusses the content of labels on foods derived from biotechnology and the agencies that regulate such labeling....

  16. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

  17. 10/31/2011 1 Nutrition, Food Security and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    . conditional cash transfers, seed technology, education) and food security, nutrition, and poverty reduction policy and how these policies and programs directly or indirectly affect food security, poverty

  18. Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage Industry - Fact Sheet, 2014 Flexible Distributed Energy and Water from Waste for the Food and Beverage...

  19. CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND REDUCES EMISSIONS - CASE STUDY, 2015 CHP SYSTEM AT FOOD PROCESSING PLANT INCREASES RELIABILITY AND REDUCES EMISSIONS -...

  20. THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY Citation Details In-Document Search Title: THRESHOLD RADIOACTIVITY FOR BULK FOOD SAMPLES BY GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY...

  1. Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Find the...

  2. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food & Beverage Industry - Presentation by GE Global Research, June 2011 Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food &...

  3. EM 9036 August 2011 Ensuring Food Safety in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    ....................................10 Water as a Food........................................................................13, see the OSU Extension Catalog: https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/em9036 #12;2 Acidified food

  4. (Re)Imagining Food Systems: From Chariy to Solidarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kordi, Hussin

    2013-01-01

    The Progressive Increase of Food Waste in America and ItsThe Progressive Increase of Food Waste in America and Its

  5. Ebeling: Handbook of Indian Foods and Fibers of Arid America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutton, Mark Q

    1987-01-01

    and bordering mountains. Insects as a food resource are alsoFriedrich S. 1951 Insects as Human Food: A Chapter in the

  6. ANTH. 199: CONSUMING AGENDAS: FOOD AND SOCIAL ACTIVISM* PROFESSOR INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of people who go hungry in the U.S. at the same time? 5. What is GMO food? Does GMO food affect our health

  7. Standard Practice for Irradiation of Fresh and Frozen Red Meat and Poultry to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice outlines procedures for the irradiation of fresh or frozen meat and poultry. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines meat as “the edible part of any mammal” and poultry as “any domesticated bird, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons” (CAC/MISC 5). Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This practice covers absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load in fresh and frozen red meat and poultry. Such doses are typically less than 10 kGy. 1.3 This practice addresses irradiation of pre-packaged product for retail sale or for use as an ingredient in other products. It also addresses the in-line irradiation of unpackaged product. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It i...

  8. TOWARD A SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF FOOD USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shifflett, Peggy A.; Nyberg, Kenneth L.

    1978-01-01

    This paper focuses on the social construction offood use patterns through the dialectical moments of externalisation, objectiuation, and internalization. The major emphasis is on the situational, intersubjective, and symbolic dimensions of food use...

  9. Inst. Of Food Tech- Linda Dugger 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    The influence of parents and peers on adolescent body hics. composition, nutrient intake, and food preference was the focus of this study. Major influences on the adolescent are important to uncover, so that positive health ...

  10. Electron Beam--21st Century Food Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vestal, Andy

    2003-03-07

    This publication explains electron beam irradiation technology to consumers, industry professionals and government officials. Electron beam irradiation is a method of treating food and other products for pathogens that ...

  11. A systems approach to food accident analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helferich, John D

    2011-01-01

    Food borne illnesses lead to 3000 deaths per year in the United States. Some industries, such as aviation, have made great strides increasing safety through careful accident analysis leading to changes in industry practices. ...

  12. Dehulling cottonseed for use in food products 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wink, Robert Earl

    1972-01-01

    DEHULLING COTTONSEED FOR USE IN FOOD PRODUCTS A Thesis by ROBERT EARL WINK, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1972 Major... Subject: Mechanical Engineering DEHULLING COTTONSEED FOR USE IN FOOD PRODUCTS A Thesis by ROBERT EARL WINK, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of C tt (Member) (Head of Depa (Member) August 1972 ABSTRACT Dehulling Cottonseed...

  13. Using Snow Fences to Augument Fresh Water Supplies in Shallow Arctic Lakes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuefer, Svetlana

    2013-03-31

    This project was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to address environmental research questions specifically related to Alaska?s oil and gas natural resources development. The focus of this project was on the environmental issues associated with allocation of water resources for construction of ice roads and ice pads. Earlier NETL projects showed that oil and gas exploration activities in the U.S. Arctic require large amounts of water for ice road and ice pad construction. Traditionally, lakes have been the source of freshwater for this purpose. The distinctive hydrological regime of northern lakes, caused by the presence of ice cover and permafrost, exerts influence on lake water availability in winter. Lakes are covered with ice from October to June, and there is often no water recharge of lakes until snowmelt in early June. After snowmelt, water volumes in the lakes decrease throughout the summer, when water loss due to evaporation is considerably greater than water gained from rainfall. This balance switches in August, when air temperature drops, evaporation decreases, and rain (or snow) is more likely to occur. Some of the summer surface storage deficit in the active layer and surface water bodies (lakes, ponds, wetlands) is recharged during this time. However, if the surface storage deficit is not replenished (for example, precipitation in the fall is low and near?surface soils are dry), lake recharge is directly affected, and water availability for the following winter is reduced. In this study, we used snow fences to augment fresh water supplies in shallow arctic lakes despite unfavorable natural conditions. We implemented snow?control practices to enhance snowdrift accumulation (greater snow water equivalent), which led to increased meltwater production and an extended melting season that resulted in lake recharge despite low precipitation during the years of the experiment. For three years (2009, 2010, and 2011), we selected and monitored two lakes with similar hydrological regimes. Both lakes are located 30 miles south of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, near Franklin Bluffs. One is an experimental lake, where we installed a snow fence; the other is a control lake, where the natural regime was preserved. The general approach was to compare the hydrologic response of the lake to the snowdrift during the summers of 2010 and 2011 against the ?baseline? conditions in 2009. Highlights of the project included new data on snow transport rates on the Alaska North Slope, an evaluation of the experimental lake?s hydrological response to snowdrift melt, and cost assessment of snowdrift?generated water. High snow transport rates (0.49 kg/s/m) ensured that the snowdrift reached its equilibrium profile by winter's end. Generally, natural snowpack disappeared by the beginning of June in this area. In contrast, snow in the drift lasted through early July, supplying the experimental lake with snowmelt when water in other tundra lakes was decreasing. The experimental lake retained elevated water levels during the entire open?water season. Comparison of lake water volumes during the experiment against the baseline year showed that, by the end of summer, the drift generated by the snow fence had increased lake water volume by at least 21?29%. We estimated water cost at 1.9 cents per gallon during the first year and 0.8 cents per gallon during the second year. This estimate depends on the cost of snow fence construction in remote arctic locations, which we assumed to be at $7.66 per square foot of snow fence frontal area. The snow fence technique was effective in augmenting the supply of lake water during summers 2010 and 2011 despite low rainfall during both summers. Snow fences are a simple, yet an effective, way to replenish tundra lakes with freshwater and increase water availability in winter. This research project was synergetic with the NETL project, "North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS) for Water Resources Planning and Management." The results

  14. Making Food, Producing Sustainability Many contemporary approaches to environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    sustainability, sustainable HCI, agriculture, fishery, food production, permaculture, urban agriculture ACM

  15. Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation Tagel Gebrehiwot March, 2008 #12;Rural Food Security in Tigary, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation by Tagel Gebrehiwot Thesis submitted on the effectiveness of food security policy in ensuring rural food security and poverty reduction in Tigray region

  16. FOOD 510 Course Syllabus 2014w (1) Instructor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOOD 510 Course Syllabus 2014w (1) Instructor: Professor Eunice Li-Chan, Ph.D. Room 212, Food. Course Description and Objectives This course examines key concepts, current issues and advances in food science that are pertinent to professionals working in food industry, academia, and government. Given

  17. griculture must be transformed. Although global food production is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    `greenmanures',theeconomiccostof producingfoodinthiswayandtheneteffecton greenhouse-gasemissions6 .Inaddition,farming genetically modified crops is widely thoughtA griculture must be transformed. Although global food production is increasing, today's farming, food security (people's access to food and the qual- ity of that food), human health, and economic

  18. FRE 306: Global Food Markets Fall Term 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    markets such as the introduction of genetically modified foods and the increased importance of food safetyFRE 306: Global Food Markets Fall Term 2008 Instructor: Rick Barichello Rm 339 MacMillan Building Telephone: 822-3473 E-Mail: richard.barichello@ubc.ca Learning Objectives: o Understanding of how food

  19. Quantity Food Production Instructor: Jim Vernere Teaching Assistant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    knowledge and empathy of the responsibilities and duties of the food production manager and gain skill food is cooked and stored. 2. Develop further knowledge of the factors which affect food composition, preservation, processing, and service. 4. Understand principles of food service safety and accident prevention

  20. Food For Thought: The Social Impact of Community Gardens in the Greater Cleveland Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flachs, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    environmental idealism, and functional food collection andthey can be functional money-savers and food producers,

  1. West Valley Demonstration Project Food Drive Delivers Food for 700 Families

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    WEST VALLEY, N.Y. – EM employees at West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) helped collect and deliver 114,843 pounds of food, including 360 turkeys, to nine food pantries in the West Valley area, just in time to benefit about 700 families in need during the holidays.

  2. Preparing for a Water Emergency A tool for food processors, food manufacturers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    an emergency shut-down procedure for a water supply emergency? Have employees been trained and havePreparing for a Water Emergency A tool for food processors, food manufacturers, and other large volume water users to be better prepared for water shortage and contamination emergencies Good business

  3. Direct-contact condensers for open-cycle OTEC applications: Model validation with fresh water experiments for structured packings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharathan, D.; Parsons, B.K.; Althof, J.A.

    1988-10-01

    The objective of the reported work was to develop analytical methods for evaluating the design and performance of advanced high-performance heat exchangers for use in open-cycle thermal energy conversion (OC-OTEC) systems. This report describes the progress made on validating a one-dimensional, steady-state analytical computer of fresh water experiments. The condenser model represents the state of the art in direct-contact heat exchange for condensation for OC-OTEC applications. This is expected to provide a basis for optimizing OC-OTEC plant configurations. Using the model, we examined two condenser geometries, a cocurrent and a countercurrent configuration. This report provides detailed validation results for important condenser parameters for cocurrent and countercurrent flows. Based on the comparisons and uncertainty overlap between the experimental data and predictions, the model is shown to predict critical condenser performance parameters with an uncertainty acceptable for general engineering design and performance evaluations. 33 refs., 69 figs., 38 tabs.

  4. Traces of natural radionuclides in animal food

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merli, Isabella Desan; Guazzelli da Silveira, Marcilei A.; Medina, Nilberto H.

    2014-11-11

    Naturally occurring radioactive materials are present everywhere, e.g., in soil, air, housing materials, food, etc. Therefore, human beings and animals receive internal exposure from radioactive elements inside their bodies through breathing and alimentation. Gamma radiation has enough energy to remove an electron from the atom and compromise the rearrangement of electrons in the search for a more stable configuration which can disturb molecule chemical bonding. Food ingestion is one of the most common forms of radioisotopes absorption. The goal of this work is the measurement of natural gamma radiation rates from natural radioisotopes present in animal food. To determine the concentration of natural radionuclides present in animal food gamma-ray spectrometry was applied. We have prepared animal food samples for poultry, fish, dogs, cats and cattle. The two highest total ingestion effective doses observed refers to a sample of mineral salt cattle, 95.3(15) ?Sv/year, rabbit chow, with a value of 48(5) ?Sv/year, and cattle mineral salt, with a value of 69(7) ?Sv/year, while the annual total dose value from terrestrial intake radionuclide is of the order of 290 ?Sv/year.

  5. The Food Safety Knowledge Level of Certified Food Managers Who Attended Two Self-Selected Training Courses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payton, Larry Sean

    2013-05-30

    through the use of a food safety knowledge test instrument. The scope of the study was to explore the level of food safety knowledge of two self-selected certified food managers in Texas. Sixty-five percent (65.6%) of the certified food managers were...

  6. N:\\redesign\\guides\\Food Technology-Food Engineering.doc 1 A Beginning Finding Aid to Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    N:\\redesign\\guides\\Food Technology-Food Engineering.doc 1 A Beginning Finding Aid to Materials in the IIT Archives Related to Food Technology Index of IIT Archives Acc. No. 1998.149/News (Press) Releases. of Rangoon, Burma 2/1950 Milton E. Parker, director of food engineering program at IIT discusses pest control

  7. Food Allergy Disclaimer UMD Dining makes every attempt to identify ingredients that may cause reactions in people with food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    Food Allergy Disclaimer UMD Dining makes every attempt to identify ingredients that may cause reactions in people with food allergies. We make every effort to instruct our food production staff on the severity of food allergies. In addition we label items with possible allergencontaining ingredients

  8. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 69, No. 10, 2006, Pages 24172423 Copyright , International Association for Food Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2417 Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 69, No. 10, 2006, Pages 2417­2423 Copyright ©, International Association for Food Protection Food Worker Hand Washing Practices: An Observation Study LAURA R. GREEN,1 Buford Highway, Atlanta, Georgia 30341; 3Food Division, Metro Public Health Department, 311 23rd Avenue

  9. Abstract Food caching birds hide food and recover the caches when supplies are less abundant. There is, however,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Abstract Food caching birds hide food and recover the caches when supplies are less abundant the food remained there) to predominantly eating them. Re-caching remained constant across the three trials · Corvids · Pilfering · Scrub-jay Introduction Many birds and mammals hide food caches for future con

  10. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Ubc Food System Project: Food Waste Management The Hot Beverage Cup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Food Waste Management ­ The Hot Beverage Cup Vinci Ching, Paul Gazzola, Karen Juzkow, Kenrick Kan, Tina of a project/report". #12;AGSC 450 UBC FOOD SYSTEM PROJECT: FOOD WASTE MANAGEMENT ­ THE HOT BEVERAGE CUP GROUPUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Ubc Food System Project

  11. The availability of healthy food options in fast food outlets in six rural counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creel, Jennifer Sue

    2009-05-15

    contributors to a predisposition for positive energy balance. 7, 8 The two broad categories of environmental factors that have been identified as contributors to energy imbalance are the availability of energy-dense foods and a reduction in work... in calories consumed from away-from home versus home-prepared food. 37 Unfortunately, many of the foods designed for convenience are nutrient-poor, energy-dense and may allow for over-consumption of calories. 37, 38 A major focus has been placed...

  12. FOOD SUSTAINABILITY REPORT QUEEN'S HOSPITALITY SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Randy

    FOOD SUSTAINABILITY REPORT QUEEN'S HOSPITALITY SERVICES May 2008 #12;In recent years, a sustainability movement has taken root at Queen's. The impacts of the movement can be seen across campus sustainability position within the their student government ­The AMS, The Engineer Society open the Tea Room

  13. Reducing Food Safety Risks in Community Gardens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    as good agricultural practices (GAPs) -- has been pointed to by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration are also applicable to community and school gardens. The steps presented in this guide are practical of the final products. Good agricultural practices are the basic environmental and operational conditions

  14. THE NORTH CAROLINA FOOD PROCESSING INITIATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    THE NORTH CAROLINA FOOD PROCESSING INITIATIVE Manufacturing jobs for North Carolina Bringing manufacturing back to N.C. In 2014, the North Carolina General Assembly funded this initiative to diversify development in communities across North Carolina and the globe. We will grow jobs From innovations that can

  15. Mathematics: Food, Soil, Water, Air, Free Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russo, Bernard

    this death rate compares to that of hunter-gatherers going after woolly mammoths, but it is not comforting or transplants. Less dramatic, but nevertheless impactful, say in the United States, are "western diet" related another outbreak of food borne disease with some hospitalizations and deaths. This time it is Escherichia

  16. Toward an integration of landscape and food web ecology: The dynamics of spatially subsidized food webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polis, Gary A.; Anderson, Wendy B.; Holt, Robert D.

    1997-01-01

    We focus on the implications of movement, landscape variables, and spatial heterogeneity for food web dynamics. Movements of nutrients, detritus, prey, and consumers among habitats are ubiquitous in diverse biomes and can ...

  17. Inedible Producers in Food Webs: Controls on Stoichiometric Food Quality and Composition of Grazers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Spencer R.; Leibold, Mathew A.; Lytle, David A.; Smith, Val H.

    2006-05-01

    Ecological stoichiometry and food web theories focus on distinct mechanisms that shape communities. These mechanisms, however, likely interact in ways that neither theory alone addresses. To illustrate, we show how a model ...

  18. Improving the microbiological quality and safety of fresh-cut tomatoes by low dose electron beam irradiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Heather Martin

    2005-11-01

    in experimental studies to reduce log values on contaminated produce. Chlorine is also known to have an affinity for organic matter and some fruit and vegetable products have a high organic loading. Therefore, the effectiveness of chlorine as a sanitizer...-spoilage microorganisms of fruits, vegetables, and post-harvest contact surfaces can provide a protective environment for pathogens, reducing the effectiveness of sanitizers and other inhibitory agents (6). Decontamination Methods The Food and Drug Administration...

  19. Be Prepared with a 3-day Emergency Food Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    should be used or expiration dates. Low- acid canned goods (meat, poultry, fish, gravy, stew, soups (over 100 degrees) and freezing temperatures are harmful to canned goods. (The Food Keeper, Food

  20. Pumpkin Power: Turning Food Waste into Energy | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    food waste and deliver it to EBMUD's anaerobic digesters. Inside these giant tanks, bacteria break down the food waste and release methane gas as a byproduct. EBMUD captures this...

  1. Fast food in a Chinese provincial city: a comparative analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Haiying

    2006-08-16

    More than a decade ago American fast food entered the Chinese market. Since then the number of fast food and organized chain restaurants in China has multiplied. Chinese consumers, especially those who live in large urban areas, have accepted...

  2. China's food production under water and land limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoisungwan, Piyatida

    2010-01-01

    The future availability of the natural resources (water and land) needed for food production is highly uncertain. Evidence shows diminishing natural resources and growing food demand throughout many parts of the world. ...

  3. Zambia's food system: multiple sites of power and intersecting governances 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, Caryn N

    2010-11-26

    on economic restructuring and the way supermarkets and agribusiness firms increasingly transform African food economies. This thesis is an empirically grounded research endeavour that presents insights about key dynamics in the domestic food system in urban...

  4. Distant harvest : the production and price of organic food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherburne, Morgan (Morgan L.)

    2010-01-01

    Organic food is growing in popularity, enjoying a 15 to 20% increase in sales, yearly, since about 1997, according to the Organic Trade Association. Organic produce makes up about 2% of the United States' total food sales ...

  5. Food Safety for Tailgate Parties and Picnics (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    2001-10-22

    Certain foods are a health risk when prepared ahead of time and taken to outdoor parties. One key to food safety is keeping perishables at the proper temperature and knowing the time limit for serving them....

  6. Food Science and Human Nutrition Graduate Program Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Food Science and Human Nutrition Graduate Program Handbook Department of Food Science and Human........................................................................... 12 2.10. Use of Hazardous Materials.............................................................. 14 3.4. Selection of the Major Professor

  7. Plant, Soil, and Insect Sciences Sustainable Food and Farming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    · Turfgrass Science and Management 2013 - 20142013 - 2014 HandbookHandbook stockbridge.cns.umass.edu/ #12· Plant, Soil, and Insect Sciences · Sustainable Food and Farming · Sustainable Horticulture ....................................................................... 7 Sustainable Food and Farming

  8. Slow Food in a Fat Society: Satisfying Ethical Appetites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxson, Heather Anne

    Slow Food in a Fat Society Using historian Hillel Schwartz's utopian conception of a "fat society" as inspiration, this essay considers the potential contribution of the Slow Food movement to American notions of dietary ...

  9. The economic and financial feasibility of food innovation centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowley, Alison (Alison Rita)

    2015-01-01

    A Food Innovation Center (FIC) is an enclosed commercial space comprising a mix of complementary uses pertaining to locally-operated food growing, production, processing, testing, distribution, and sale. These uses include ...

  10. A center for food, Kowloon City, Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Kwan Yue, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Modern day living limits us from understanding and seeing where our food comes from and how it was planted, grown, and manufactured. As we become more and more conscious about our diets, our relationship to food is more ...

  11. An integrated approach for the verification of fresh mixed oxide fuel (MOX) assemblies at light water reactor MOX recycle reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menlove, Howard O; Lee, Sang - Yoon

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents an integrated approach for the verification of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel assemblies prior to their being loaded into the reactor. There is a coupling of the verification approach that starts at the fuel fabrication plant and stops with the transfer of the assemblies into the thermal reactor. The key measurement points are at the output of the fuel fabrication plant, the receipt at the reactor site, and the storage in the water pool as fresh fuel. The IAEA currently has the capability to measure the MOX fuel assemblies at the output of the fuel fabrication plants using a passive neutron coincidence counting systems of the passive neutron collar (PNCL) type. Also. at the MOX reactor pool, the underwater coincidence counter (UWCC) has been developed to measure the MOX assemblies in the water. The UWCC measurement requires that the fuel assembly be lifted about two meters up in the storage rack to avoid interference from the fuel that is stored in the rack. This paper presents a new method to verify the MOX fuel assemblies that are in the storage rack without the necessity of moving the fuel. The detector system is called the Underwater MOX Verification System (UMVS). The integration and relationship of the three measurements systems is described.

  12. Food as Exposure: Nutritional Epigenetics and the Molecular Politics of Eating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landecker, Hannah

    2010-01-01

    of supplements and functional foods, or renewed attention tois added to many “functional foods” such as nutrition bars.frame in which many functional foods operate: consumers are

  13. The Food Nutrition Link--Level III Nutrition for the Health of It 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bielamowicz, Mary K.; Cooksey, Dymple C.; Hall, Charles R.

    1995-11-03

    4-H members in the level three food project learn about nutrients, foods of different cultures, and careers in the food industry....

  14. Food site residence time and female competitive relationships in wild gray-cheeked mangabeys (Lophocebus albigena)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chancellor, Rebecca L.; Isbell, Lynne A.

    2009-01-01

    times. However, bark, a food with a long site residence timeranking females may benefit from higher food and energyintake rates when food site residence times are long. These

  15. Have Your City and Eat It Too: Los Angeles and the Urban Food Renaissance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarr, Alexander Robert

    2015-01-01

    and  live  out  the  urban  food  renaissance  in  Los  Works  Cited   “About:  Slow  Food  Los  Angeles. ”  2015.   Slow  Food  Los  Angeles.   http://slowfoodla.com/

  16. The Internationalization of Alternative Food Networks: Farmers' Markets, Community Gardens, and Agricultural Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cody, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    Eds. ), Alternative Food Geographies: Representation and498. Alkon, A. H. , & Mares T. M. (2012). Food sovereigntyin US food movements: radical visions and neoliberal

  17. Food insecurity may be linked to childhood obesity in low-income Mexican-American families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Pat B; Lamp, Cathi; Nicholson, Yvonne; Krathwohl, Sarah; Hudes, Mark; Townsend, Marilyn

    2007-01-01

    with their level of cur- rent food security. Thirty-who had experienced past food insecurity were obese (BMIportions selected by food-insecure mothers. † Statistically

  18. Food as Exposure: Nutritional Epigenetics and the Molecular Politics of Eating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landecker, Hannah

    2010-01-01

    by Hannah Landecker Food as Exposure Nutritional Epigeneticsnot been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Thisany disease. ” Conventional foods as well as nutritional

  19. Decolonizing our plates : analyzing San Diego and vegans of color food politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarro, Marilisa Cristina

    2011-01-01

    vegetables and fruits, genetically modified foods, having nothat produce genetically modified foods, such as a Februaryorganic, non-genetically modified, and slow foods (Slocum

  20. Low-income consumers, though less aware of genetically modified foods, are concerned and want labels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Nicelma J.

    2003-01-01

    sentiment about genetically modified food. Pew Initia- tiveless aware of genetically modified foods, are concerned andattitudes about genetically modified foods have been

  1. The effects of background adaptation and food availability on habitat preference of Corythoichthys flavofasciatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Neetha

    2012-01-01

    ADAPTATION AND FOOD AVAILABILITY ON HABITAT PREFERENCE OFchoice is related to the availability of food, presence ofbackground adaptation, food availability, or a combination

  2. Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Predation and Food Webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Predation and Food Webs *Preliminary draft, please and Food Webs Specific Language Changes NOAA Fisheries recommends the following new language in the Habitat of non-native predators including abundance, diel and temporal distributions, and food web interactions

  3. Policy on Food Allergy Accommodations for Students Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a wide variety of items from which students may select. The dining hall also offers a gluten free and nut with special diets. We also serve soy and lactose free milk. In addition, there is a hot gluten and nut fee-contamination, including a freezer for gluten free foods and one for nut free foods 5. Special foods available on a daily

  4. MMU Sustainable Food Policy Statement Purpose of Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , glass, cardboard, aluminium and oil in all outlets and look to compost food waste as technology becomes and actively manage food waste at a production level and through the promotion of events such as Love Food, Hate Waste. Encourage suppliers to reduce packaging. We will embrace the University Waste Strategy

  5. Environmental controls on food web regimes: A fluvial perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power, Mary Eleanor

    of functional relationships that link environments, fluxes and food web interactions to understand howEnvironmental controls on food web regimes: A fluvial perspective Mary E. Power Department Abstract Because food web regimes control the biomass of primary producers (e.g., plants or algae

  6. Models of food web evolution Alan J. McKane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Alan

    Models of food web evolution Alan J. McKane Barbara Drossel While it is often possible to model of possible networks. Here we argue, in the context of food webs, that it is necessary to go beyond simply depending on the states of the local constituents. In the case of food webs, where the constituents

  7. Food web structure and the evolution of ecological communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Alan

    Food web structure and the evolution of ecological communities Christopher Quince1 , Paul G. Higgs2 the population dynamics of the species for any structure of the food web. The equations account for competition of speciations and extinctions, and on the statistical properties of the food webs that are generated

  8. Food-supplementing parents reduces their sons' song repertoire size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanette, Liana

    Food-supplementing parents reduces their sons' song repertoire size Liana Zanette1,*, Michael, Canada Food-supplemented parents typically produce more offspring, as numerous experiments on vertebrate, with implications concerning the adult quality of offspring, although few experiments have addressed whether food-supplementing

  9. University of Washington Bothell Food and Beverage Internal Approval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    University of Washington Bothell Food and Beverage Internal Approval PLEASE OBTAIN PRIOR APPROVAL FROM BUDGET AND PLANNING "Food approval code definitions are described at http://www.washington.washington.edu/fm/food-approval (this section is mandatory, if not filled out properly it could delay

  10. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food March 2011 Page 1 of 2 House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: Sustainable Food Inquiry Response by the Wellcome Trust March 2011 Introduction 1. The relationship between food security and climate change is complex and an increasing priority

  11. Food price inflation and children's schooling Michael Grimm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Food price inflation and children's schooling Michael Grimm Institute of Social Studies, The Hague the impact of food price inflation on parental decisions to send their children to school. Moreover, I use the fact that food crop farmers and cotton farmers were exposed differently to that shock to estimate

  12. 2003 UBC FOOD SYSTEM COLLABORATIVE PROJECT: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003 UBC FOOD SYSTEM COLLABORATIVE PROJECT: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS Kristina Bouris Campus Sustainability Office September 12, 2003 The UBC Food Systems Project is a collaborative project between Development Studies (UBC SEEDS) program of the UBC Campus Sustainability Office, UBC Food and Beverage

  13. Food Stamp Challenge By Bill Menke, November 3, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    Food Stamp Challenge By Bill Menke, November 3, 2013 Co-parishioner Laurie Hilton suggested that I and the other members of the Palisades Presbyterian Church live for a week on the thirty-five dollars that Food of my low budget of five dollars per day. I purchased most of my food at a local supermarket, in walking

  14. FNH302ChemAnalysisModule Food Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FNH302ChemAnalysisModule 2013w 1 FNH 302 Food Analysis Module I - Analysis of Chemical Composition Description: Principles of and procedures for the analysis of the chemical components of food including of the major food components (moisture, ash, nitrogen or protein, lipid, carbohydrate) Introduction

  15. FOOD SCIENCE & HUMAN NUTRITION http://foodsciencehumannutrition.umaine.edu/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    FOOD SCIENCE & HUMAN NUTRITION http://foodsciencehumannutrition.umaine.edu/ Program of Study Students Research Facilities Financial Aid Applying Correspondence The School of Food and Agriculture is the only university program in Maine to offer both bachelor and graduate education in food science, human

  16. Global Food Security Strategic Plan 2011-2016

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Global Food Security Strategic Plan 2011-2016 Updated November 2013 #12;All images used summary 1 2. Introduction 2 3. Vision 2 4. Context 3 Global food security drivers and challenges 4 5. The Global Food Security programme 6 i Operating principles 6 ii Partners and affiliates 6 iii Added value

  17. DISTRIBUTION OF PHTHALATE MONOESTERS IN AN AQUATIC FOOD WEB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISTRIBUTION OF PHTHALATE MONOESTERS IN AN AQUATIC FOOD WEB by Maggie L. McConnell B: Distribution of Phthalate Monoesters in an Aquatic Food Web Report No.: 426 Examining Committee in organisms of an aquatic food web were investigated. A field study was conducted in False Creek, Vancouver

  18. Food sensitizes C. elegans avoidance behaviours through acute dopamine signalling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schafer, William R.

    Food sensitizes C. elegans avoidance behaviours through acute dopamine signalling Marina Ezcurra1 at NOVUM, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden Many behavioural states are modulated by food avail of an external food source enhances avoidance responses to soluble repellents sensed by the polymodal ASH neurons

  19. Land, Food & Community III LFS 450 -W2009 Term 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Land, Food & Community III LFS 450 - W2009 Term 2 Wednesdays 2:00-5:00 pm Classrooms: MCML 166-822-9607 UBC Food System Project Coordinator Sophia Baker-French sophiabakerfrench@yahoo.com Teaching Office, Campus and Community Planning Additional Resource Persons: Art Bomke, Agroecology, Food

  20. Wetland Conservation The Food Security Act was enacted on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Wetland Conservation Compliance #12;The Food Security Act was enacted on December 23, 1985. Title. · Developed to streamline wetland delineation process and promote consistency between the Clean Water Act and the Food Security Act. #12;1994 National Food Security Act Manual Procedures · Provided NRCS staff policy

  1. February 2011 1906: Pure Food & Drugs Act regulated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Hüseyin

    February 2011 #12; 1906: Pure Food & Drugs Act ­ regulated adultered/misbranded food & drugs 1938: Food, Drugs, & Cosmetics Acts ­ required premarket review for safety 1962: FDCA Amendments ­ the birth for investigations of new drugs, including a requirement for informed consent #12; 21 CFR 312 Subpart A ­ general

  2. SEA MUSSELS AND DOGFISH .AS FOOD By Irving A. Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to waste. With our rapidly increasing population the capacity of the soil to produce enough foodSEA MUSSELS AND DOGFISH .AS FOOD J1. By Irving A. Field U. S. Fisheries Laboratory, Woods Hole AS FOOD. .Jl By IRVING A. FIELD, U. S. Fisheries Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. ~ Of the two sources

  3. FRE 460/503 Economics of Food Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    restrictions 11. Environment and Food (Handbook ch 34) 11-1 Waste and Foodmiles 11-2 Vegetarianism, OrganicsFRE 460/503 Economics of Food Consumption Winter 2014 Instructor: Dr. Carol A McAusland 337 Mac-class experiments -- 3% Text: The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Food Consumption and Policy (abbreviated

  4. Supplier Selection for Supply Chains in the Processed Food Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Supplier Selection for Supply Chains in the Processed Food Industry Pedro Amorima,, Eduardo Curcioa an integrated framework for deciding about the supplier selection for supply chains in the processed food-stage stochastic mixed-integer programming model for the supplier selection in the process food industry

  5. Traceability, Product Recalls, Industry Reputation and Food Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    and for an industry using collective action to set rules and standards. Key words: Food safety, product recallTraceability, Product Recalls, Industry Reputation and Food Safety Sebastien Pouliot, Daniel A recalls, industry reputation and food safety S´ebastien Pouliot and Daniel A. Sumner November 17, 2010

  6. Food for fuel: The price of ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albino, Dominic K; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2012-01-01

    Conversion of corn to ethanol in the US since 2005 has been a major cause of global food price increases during that time and has been shown to be ineffective in achieving US energy independence and reducing environmental impact. We make three key statements to enhance understanding and communication about ethanol production's impact on the food and fuel markets: (1) The amount of corn used to produce the ethanol in a gallon of regular gas would feed a person for a day, (2) The production of ethanol is so energy intensive that it uses only 20% less fossil fuel than gasoline, and (3) The cost of gas made with ethanol is actually higher per mile because ethanol reduces gasoline's energy per gallon.

  7. Consumer's Guide: Preventing Food-borne Illness 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Extension Food and Nutrition Specialists

    2008-12-22

    , whichwillkillthebacteriathatcausefood-borne illness. ? Chillperishablefoodsandleftoversassoon aspossibleto40degreesForbelow. Shopping for safety Whenshoppingforfood,addperishablefoods ?meats,poultry,fish,eggs,milkproducts,and refrigeratorandfreezeritems.... USDAFoodSafetyandInspectionService.April2006. http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Fact_Sheets/Foodborne Illness_What_Consumers_Need_to_Know/index. asp Spring Clean Your Way to a Safer Kitchen.Partnership forFoodSafetyEducation.2006. http...

  8. Healthy Foods, Healthy Lives Institute Spring 2011 Grants Awarded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    and selling fresh fruits, vegetables, roots, herbs, and traditional crops at markets across the region, and to help them to market to broader commercial markets. This project, with the guidance of a farmer advisory will be a community assessment and strategic plan for a healthy Native-owned retail grocery store ("Good Heart Grocery

  9. Commercial production and distribution of fresh fruits and vegetables: A scoping study on the importance of produce pathways to dose. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsh, T.L.; Anderson, D.M.; Farris, W.T.; Ikenberry, T.A.; Napier, B.A.; Wilfert, G.L.

    1992-09-01

    This letter report summarizes a scoping study that examined the potential importance of fresh fruit and vegetable pathways to dose. A simple production index was constructed with data collected from the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA), the United States Bureau of the Census, and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project staff from Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, in cooperation with members of the Technical Steering Panel (TSP), selected lettuce and spinach as the produce pathways most likely to impact dose. County agricultural reports published in 1956 provided historical descriptions of the predominant distribution patterns of fresh lettuce and spinach from production regions to local population centers. Pathway rankings and screening dose estimates were calculated for specific populations living in selected locations within the HEDR study area.

  10. Fresh air indoors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kull, K.

    1988-09-01

    This article describes and compares ventilation systems for the control of indoor air pollution in residential housing. These include: local exhaust fans, whole-house fans, central exhaust with wall ports, and heat-recovery central ventilation (HRV). HRV's have a higher initial cost than the other systems but they are the only ones that save energy. Homeowners are given guidelines for choosing the system best suited for their homes in terms of efficiency and payback period.

  11. Fresh Water Conservation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huffman, L.

    2011-01-01

    Water for Future Generations ESL-KT-11-11-06 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 The demand for water in Texas will soon outstrip our supply. ESL-KT-11-11-06 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Worst yearlong drought... in Texas history. ESL-KT-11-11-06 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Record-breaking wildfires across the state. ESL-KT-11-11-06 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 We must plan for the future. ESL-KT-11-11-06 CATEE 2011, Dallas...

  12. Base isolation: Fresh insight

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shustov, V.

    1993-07-15

    The objective of the research is a further development of the engineering concept of seismic isolation. Neglecting the transient stage of seismic loading results in a widespread misjudgement: The force of resistance associated with velocity is mostly conceived as a source of damping vibrations, though it is an active force at the same time, during an earthquake type excitation. For very pliant systems such as base isolated structures with relatively low bearing stiffness and with artificially added heavy damping mechanism, the so called `damping`` force may occur even the main pushing force at an earthquake. Thus, one of the two basic pillars of the common seismic isolation philosophy, namely, the doctrine of usefulness and necessity of a strong damping mechanism, is turning out to be a self-deception, sometimes even jeopardizing the safety of structures and discrediting the very idea of seismic isolation. There is a way out: breaking with damping dependancy.

  13. Food waste management using an electrostatic separator with corona discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Koonchun; Teh, Pehchiong; Lim, Sooking

    2015-05-15

    In Malaysia, municipal solid waste contains a high portion of organic matters, typically contributed by food waste. It is estimated that about 45% of the municipal waste are food waste, followed by the non-food waste such as plastics, metals, glass and others. Food waste, while being properly sorted and contamination free from non-food waste, can be reused (e.g. fertiliser) instead of being landfilled. Therefore, recycling of food waste is crucial not only from the view point of waste management, but also with respect to the reduction of resource losses and greenhouse gases emission. A new waste separation process involved food particles, non-food particles and electrostatic discharge was investigated in this study. The empirical results reveal that the corona electrostatic separation is an environmental-friendly way in recovering foods from municipal waste. The efficiency of the separator, under same operating conditions, varies with the particle size of the food and non-food particles. The highest efficiency of 82% is recorded for the particle sizes between 1.5 and 3.0?mm.

  14. Effects of Biofuel Policies on World Food Insecurity -- A CGE Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jiamin

    2012-02-14

    The food vs. fuel debate has heated up since the 2008 global food crisis when major crop prices dramatically increased. Heavily subsidized biofuel production was blamed for diverting food crops from food production and ...

  15. Project Organization name Project title 1 Centre for Sustainable Food Systems at UBC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    City Studio, City of Vancouver Identify Local Food Waste Market and Food Canada 2014 Summer Games on Campus: Sustainable Food Materials & Waste ProceduresProject Organization name Project title 1 Centre for Sustainable Food

  16. The City Feeds the Poor: The Struggle for Sustainable Food Systems in San Francisco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Paula Kay

    2012-01-01

    of the Inspector General. (2002). Audit report, food andof the Inspector General. (2005). Audit report, food and

  17. Freshwater Crustaceans as an Aboriginal Food Resource in the Northern Great Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrikson, Lael S; Yohe, Robert M II; Newman, Margaret E; Druss, Mark

    1998-01-01

    Sutton, Mark Q. 1988 Insects as Food: Aboriginal Entomophogybody coverings. Insects, a common food source in western

  18. BURN CALORIES FREE LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS REDUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH AIR TAKE SHORT-CUTS FEEL THE BREEZE DISCOVER CAMPUS MAKE YOUR OWN ROUTE BURN CALORIES READ A BOOK LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    A BOOK LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS REDUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH AIR BURN CALORIES FREE LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS REDUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH AIR CALORIES FREE LISTEN TO THE BIRDS CHECK OUT THE SCENERY MEET FRIENDS RE- DUCE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT FRESH

  19. Whole Building Efficiency for Whole Foods: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.; Doebber, I.; Hirsch, A.

    2013-02-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory partnered with Whole Foods Market under the Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program to design and implement a new store in Raleigh, North Carolina. The result was a design with a predicted energy savings of 40% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004, and 25% energy savings over their standard design. Measured performance of the as-built building showed that the building did not achieve the predicted performance. A detailed review of the project several months after opening revealed a series of several items in construction and controls items that were not implemented properly and were not fully corrected in the commissioning process.

  20. Food Options | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvanServices »FirstCurrent Science Create aFood Options

  1. United Natural Foods | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ ClimateFeed Jump to:Foods Jump to: navigation,

  2. Trade My Food | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown of Skiatook,1993) JumpInformationMy Food

  3. Food Options | Linac Coherent Light Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |FinalIndustrialFollowing the Technical Career PathFood

  4. The genome of wine yeast Dekkera bruxellensis provides a tool to explore its food-related properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piskur, Jure

    2012-01-01

    of Food Science, Brewing Science Program, University ofof Food Science, Brewing Science Program, University of

  5. Food Newsletter Summary July 2013 Scotland Food and You survey published

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddharthan, Advaith

    attitudes towards the decontamination of meat and the use of freezing to reduce campylobacter in chicken. Food Navigator Insect protein `similar to conventional meat' The crude protein content in several edible insect species is similar to that in conventional meat products according to a new study from

  6. Cholesterol-Lowering Foods Tasty, functional foods help you lower cholesterol naturally.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Morgan Griffin Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD WebMD Feature Do you want a diet to lower cholesterol? We Harris, DrPH, RD, spokeswoman, American Dietetic Association. U.S. Food and Drug Administration web site. American Dietetic Association web site. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute web site. American Heart

  7. Sustainable Harvest for Food and Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grosshans, Raymond R.; Kostelnik, Kevin, M.; Jacobson, Jacob J.

    2007-04-01

    The DOE Biomass Program recently implemented the Biofuels Initiative, or 30x30 program, with the dual goal of reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil by making cellulosic ethanol cost competitive with gasoline by 2012 and by replacing 30 percent of gasoline consumption with biofuels by 2030. Experience to date with increasing ethanol production suggests that it distorts agricultural markets and therefore raises concerns about the sustainability of the DOE 30 X 30 effort: Can the U.S. agricultural system produce sufficient feedstocks for biofuel production and meet the food price and availability expectations of American consumers without causing environmental degradation that would curtail the production of both food and fuel? Efforts are underway to develop computer-based modeling tools that address this concern and support the DOE 30 X 30 goals. Beyond technical agronomic and economic concerns, however, such models must account for the publics’ growing interest in sustainable agriculture and in the mitigation of predicted global climate change. This paper discusses ongoing work at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies that investigates the potential consequences and long-term sustainability of projected biomass harvests by identifying and incorporating “sustainable harvest indicators” in a computer modeling strategy.

  8. Sustainable Harvest for Food and Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raymond R. Grosshans; Kevin M. Kostelnik; Jacob J. Jacobson

    2007-12-01

    The DOE Biomass Program recently implemented the Biofuels Initiative, or 30x30 program, with the dual goal of reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil by making cellulosic ethanol cost competitive with gasoline by 2012 and by replacing 30 percent of gasoline consumption with biofuels by 2030. Experience to date with increasing ethanol production suggests that it distorts agricultural markets and therefore raises concerns about the sustainability of the DOE 30x30 effort: Can the U.S. agricultural system produce sufficient feedstocks for biofuel production and meet the food price and availability expectations of American consumers without causing environmental degradation that would curtail the production of both food and fuel? Efforts are underway to develop computer-based modeling tools that address this concern and support the DOE 30x30 goals. Beyond technical agronomic and economic concerns, however, such models must account for the publics’ growing interest in sustainable agriculture and in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This paper discusses ongoing work at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies that investigates the potential consequences and long-term sustainability of projected biomass harvests by identifying and incorporating “sustainable harvest indicators” in a computer modeling strategy.

  9. Boreal forest fire emissions in fresh Canadian smoke plumes: C1-C10 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), CO2, CO, NO2, NO, HCN and CH3CN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    in situ PTR-MS mea- n-Butane 0 surements in fresh biomassHydrogen cyanide Acetonitrile Ethane Propane i-Butanen-Butane i-Pentane n-Pentane n-Hexane 2+3-Methylpentane n-

  10. Nutrition and Food Security in a Changing Climate: Methods for predicting household coping strategy use and Food Security in the Ethiopian Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunnes, Dana Ellis

    2013-01-01

    S. M. , et al. (2007). Food, fibre and forest products. In138. Bishop, C. , and Hilhorst, D. (2010). “From food aidto food security: the case of the Safety Net policy in

  11. Globally useful conceptions of Alternative Food Networks in the developing south: the case of Johannesburg’s urban food supply system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, Caryn N

    2006-01-01

    Literature on alternative food networks (AFN) has hitherto included multifaceted foci such as short food supply chains (Ilbery and Maye 2005; Renting et al 2003), local food supply systems (Winter 2003; Hinrichs 2000), ...

  12. Composition, Digestibility and Energy Values of Some Human Foods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1946-01-01

    STATION C. H. McDOWELL, ACTING DIRECTOR College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 680 AUGUST, 1946 COMPOSITION, DIGESTIBILITY AND ENERGY VALUES OF SOME HUMAN FOODS G. S. FRAPS Division of Chemistry AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS GIBB..., the average digestibility of human foods as compiled from the literature, factors for calculating the metabolizable energy and productive energy of human foods, a comparison of the fuel values as usually calculated with the metabolizable energy...

  13. Food Security and Nutrition NONE 09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOFUELS;...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition NONE 09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOFUELS; PRODUCTION; AGRICULTURE; ENERGY POLICY; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT;...

  14. A Rigorous Diet: Food in Luisa Passerini's Autoritratto di gruppo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Divorski, Staisey

    2008-01-01

    While food, power autobiography. and expression are centrai^ Since Luisa 's^ autobiography be an attempt to slowlythe self as a single, Any autobiography This organization is

  15. Revised July 2008 4-H Food Preservation Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    , tomato) Pressure Canning (meat, poultry, fish, vegetable, tomato) Drying (fruit, vegetable, meat, herbs sugar, freezer) Freezing (fruit, vegetable, meal, main dish) New Skills I Learned in Food Preservation

  16. Flexible Distributed Energy & Water from Waste for the Food ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chemical Pharmaceutical 19% Fermentation 7% Food & Beverage 35% Sewage 4% Pulp and Paper 9% Source: Biothane (approx 500 installations) F&B Key Industrial Market * Small scale...

  17. Model estimates food-versus-biofuel trade-off

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagapol, Deepak; Sexton, Steven; Hochman, Gal; Roland-Holst, David; Zilberman, David D

    2009-01-01

    D. 2008. Income distribution implica- tions of biofuels.Sustainable Biofuels and Human Security Conference,of Food and Agriculture 2008: Biofuels: Prospects, risks and

  18. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fact Sheet, 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Fact Sheet, 2011 Frito-LayPepsiCo, in cooperation with the Energy Solutions Center, is demonstrating...

  19. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Presentation on...

  20. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint - Sector: Food and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Food and Beverage (NAICS 311, 312) Process Energy Electricity and Steam Generation Losses Process Losses 128 Nonprocess Losses 1,836 455 Steam Distribution Losses 104 72 Nonprocess...

  1. Food and Drug Administration White Oak Campus Environmental Stewardshi...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Stewardship and Cost Savings FEMP ESPC Success Story on water conservation and green energy at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) White Oak Campus. PDF icon...

  2. Growing Up in Scotland: Food and Activity - Summary Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Government, Scottish

    2009-03-18

    This report uses data from the Growing Up in Scotland study to explore issues related to, food and activity in Scotland specifically in relation to young children.

  3. ENERGY EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP VOLUME 7: INDUSTRIAL FOOD...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    leak detection Preliminary study how laser perforation of blueberry can improve fruit infusion with more yield and better quality Laser food processing (marker and micro...

  4. Radiofrequency power disinfects and disinfests food, soils and wastewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagunas-Solar, Manuel C.; Zeng, Nolan X.; Essert, Timothy K.; Truong, Tin D.; Pina U., Cecilia

    2006-01-01

    distributing disease- and insect- free foods is the need tofood produc- tion, or to protect the environment. Disinfestation (control of insect

  5. Food Web Ecology of a Leafminer-Parasitoid Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Eleanor

    2011-01-01

    food webs, and the structure of phytophagous insectfood webs, and the structure of phytophagous insectfood webs, and the structure of phytophagous insect

  6. Food and Fuel for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Food and Fuel for the 21st Century held its annual symposium March 12–13, 2015, at Atkinson Hall, University of California San Diego.

  7. Food Saving in Texas: Drying, Brining, Canning, Curing. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Cornelia

    1917-01-01

    , Home-made Hot Water Canner. A V E R A G E COMPOSITION OF FRESH A N D DRIED FRUITS. (From U. S. D. A . Bulletin 293 . ) FRESH FRUITS. K I N D Water Protein Ether Extract Zarbohydrates A s h Calories Per L b . Apples 84.-6 0.4 0.5 14.2 0.3 290 Figs.... BERRIES—can, bottled juice, jelly, preserves and jam. QUINCES—preserve and marmalade, jelly. CHERRIES—can, preserve. APRICOTS—dry, can, preserve and marmalade. MELON RINDS—preserve. W I N T E R G A R D E N S A N D HOT BEDS. Collards Green Onions...

  8. An improved characterization method for international accountancy measurements of fresh and irradiated mixed oxide (MOX) fuel: helping achieve continual monitoring and safeguards through the fuel cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Louise G; Croft, Stephen; Swinhoe, Martyn T; Tobin, S. J.; Boyer, B. D.; Menlove, H. O.; Schear, M. A.; Worrall, Andrew

    2010-11-24

    Nuclear fuel accountancy measurements are conducted at several points through the nuclear fuel cycle to ensure continuity of knowledge (CofK) of special nuclear material (SNM). Non-destructive assay (NDA) measurements are performed on fresh fuel (prior to irradiation in a reactor) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) post-irradiation. We have developed a fuel assembly characterization system, based on the novel concept of 'neutron fingerprinting' with multiplicity signatures to ensure detailed CofK of nuclear fuel through the entire fuel cycle. The neutron fingerprint in this case is determined by the measurement of the various correlated neutron signatures, specific to fuel isotopic composition, and therefore offers greater sensitivity to variations in fissile content among fuel assemblies than other techniques such as gross neutron counting. This neutron fingerprint could be measured at the point of fuel dispatch (e.g. from a fuel fabrication plant prior to irradiation, or from a reactor site post-irradiation), monitored during transportation of the fuel assembly, and measured at a subsequent receiving site (e.g. at the reactor site prior to irradiation, or reprocessing facility post-irradiation); this would confirm that no unexpected changes to the fuel composition or amount have taken place during transportation and/or reactor operations. Changes may indicate an attempt to divert material for example. Here, we present the current state of the practice of fuel measurements for both fresh mixed oxide (MOX) fuel and SNF (both MOX and uranium dioxide). This is presented in the framework of international safeguards perspectives from the US and UK. We also postulate as to how the neutron fingerprinting concept could lead to improved fuel characterization (both fresh MOX and SNF) resulting in: (a) assured CofK of fuel across the nuclear fuel cycle, (b) improved detection of SNM diversion, and (c) greater confidence in safeguards of SNF transportation.

  9. An improved characterization method for international accountancy measurements of fresh and irradiated mixed oxide (MOX) fuel: helping achieve continual monitoring and safeguards through the fuel cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Louise G; Croft, Stephen; Swinhoe, Martyn T; Tobin, S. J.; Menlove, H. O.; Schear, M. A.; Worrall, Andrew

    2011-01-13

    Nuclear fuel accountancy measurements are conducted at several points through the nuclear fuel cycle to ensure continuity of knowledge (CofK) of special nuclear material (SNM). Non-destructive assay (NDA) measurements are performed on fresh fuel (prior to irradiation in a reactor) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) post-irradiation. We have developed a fuel assembly characterization system, based on the novel concept of 'neutron fingerprinting' with multiplicity signatures to ensure detailed CofK of nuclear fuel through the entire fuel cycle. The neutron fingerprint in this case is determined by the measurement of the various correlated neutron signatures, specific to fuel isotopic composition, and therefore offers greater sensitivity to variations in fissile content among fuel assemblies than other techniques such as gross neutron counting. This neutron fingerprint could be measured at the point of fuel dispatch (e.g. from a fuel fabrication plant prior to irradiation, or from a reactor site post-irradiation), monitored during transportation of the fuel assembly, and measured at a subsequent receiving site (e.g. at the reactor site prior to irradiation, or reprocessing facility post-irradiation); this would confirm that no unexpected changes to the fuel composition or amount have taken place during transportation and/ or reactor operations. Changes may indicate an attempt to divert material for example. Here, we present the current state of the practice of fuel measurements for both fresh mixed oxide (MOX) fuel and SNF (both MOX and uranium dioxide). This is presented in the framework of international safeguards perspectives from the US and UK. We also postulate as to how the neutron fingerprinting concept could lead to improved fuel characterization (both fresh MOX and SNF) resulting in: (a) assured CofK of fuel across the nuclear fuel cycle, (b) improved detection of SNM diversion, and (c) greater confidence in safeguards of SNF transportation.

  10. Determination of landfill gas composition and pollutant emission rates at fresh kills landfill. Volume 2. Appendices to project report. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-07

    Air emissions of landfill gas pollutants at Fresh Kills Landfill, located in Staten Island, NY, were estimated based on three weeks of sampling of flow, concentration, and flux at passive vents, gas extraction wells, gas collection plant headers, and the landfill surface conducted by Radian Corporation in 1995. Emission rates were estimated for 202 pollutants, including hydrogen sulfide, mercury vapor, speciated volatile organic compounds, methane, and carbon dioxide. Results indicate that large amounts of mercury enter the methane, and carbon dioxide. Results indicate that large amounts of mercury enter the methane recovery plant. Emission factors based on the results are presented.

  11. The Food Crises: A quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2011-01-01

    Recent increases in basic food prices are severely impacting vulnerable populations worldwide. Proposed causes such as shortages of grain due to adverse weather, increasing meat consumption in China and India, conversion of corn to ethanol in the US, and investor speculation on commodity markets lead to widely differing implications for policy. A lack of clarity about which factors are responsible reinforces policy inaction. Here, for the first time, we construct a dynamic model that quantitatively agrees with food prices. The results show that the dominant causes of price increases are investor speculation and ethanol conversion. Models that just treat supply and demand are not consistent with the actual price dynamics. The two sharp peaks in 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 are specifically due to investor speculation, while an underlying upward trend is due to increasing demand from ethanol conversion. The model includes investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take ad...

  12. Columbia River Food Webs: Developing a Broader Scientific Foundation for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia River Food Webs: Developing a Broader Scientific Foundation for Fish and Wildlife and Conservation Council Intern Eric Schrepel, Technical and Web Data Specialist, Northwest Power and Conservation Council #12;i Columbia River Food Webs: Developing a Broader Scientific Foundation for Fish

  13. Leucobacter salsicius sp. nov., from a salt-fermented food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    Leucobacter salsicius sp. nov., from a salt- fermented food Ji-Hyun Yun,1 Seong Woon Roh,1,2 Min, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea Strain M1-8T was isolated from jeotgal, a Korean salt-fermented food contained 2,4-diaminobutyric acid, glutamic acid, alanine, glycine and c-aminobutyric acid. The major

  14. Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall Jr., Robert O.

    Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity Ross M. Thompson1 , Ulrich Brose2 for ecosystem function. Commu- nity ecology focuses on patterns of species richness and community composition, whereas ecosystem ecology focuses on fluxes of energy and materials. Food webs provide a quantitative

  15. Food web complexity and higher-level ecosystem services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel

    LETTER Food web complexity and higher-level ecosystem services Jose´ M. Montoya1,2 *, Miguel A of herbivores in 19 plant-herbivore-parasitoid food webs influence the service supplied by natural enemies producers have shown that species richness provides and promotes fundamental ecosystem services. However, we

  16. Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysing the Carbon Footprint of Food Insights for Consumer Communication Elin Röös Faculty-91-576-7851-5 © 2013 Elin Röös, Uppsala Print: SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala 2013 #12;Analysing the Carbon Footprint the results in perspective. Keywords: carbon footprint, food, uncertainty, pollution swapping, consumer

  17. 9 Food Web Structure and the Evolution of Complex Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldarelli, Guido

    9 Food Web Structure and the Evolution of Complex Networks Guido Caldarelli1 , Diego Garlaschelli1 propose two other useful quantities that can help in characterizing the topology of food webs are defined on the spanning tree of the webs. These quantities, whose use has proved relevant

  18. Food network : design for a new territorial logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Cid, Agustina

    2015-01-01

    Food shapes territory. While only 3% of the world's surface is occupied by cities, 38 % is used for agriculture. Most of this land is used to harvest the 7,605 tons of food that are produced per minute worldwide. Of this, ...

  19. TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL PREDICTION OF RADIOCAESIUM TRANSFER TO FOOD PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crout, Neil

    1 TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL PREDICTION OF RADIOCAESIUM TRANSFER TO FOOD PRODUCTS A.G. GILLETT1 , N #12;2 ABSTRACT A recently developed semi-mechanistic temporal model to is used predict food product (exchangeable K, pH, % clay and % organic matter content). A raster database of soil characteristics

  20. An Arctic Terrestrial Food-Chain Bioaccumulation Model for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    An Arctic Terrestrial Food-Chain Bioaccumulation Model for Persistent Organic Pollutants B A R R Y tarandus), and wolf (Canis lupus) food-chains of Canada's central and western arctic region from measured concentrations of 25 organic chemicals forecasted for caribou and wolves from Cambridge Bay (69°07 N 105°03 W

  1. Introduction Comparative analyses of food webs synthesize results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    Introduction Comparative analyses of food webs synthesize results for population, community functional groups with a web that includes only species or genera. Furthermore, it seems illogical to look for generalities in a set of food webs containing both community and sink webs (sensu Cohen 1978). Methodological

  2. Texas 4-H Food and Nutrition Quiz Bowl Supplement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Jeff W.

    1999-09-28

    : Senior BONUS BONUS Question: Nam e three pointers to avoid salm onella. Answer: 1. Wash your hands carefully before handling food. 2. Clean the cutting board and use a sanitizing solution, before and after use. 3. Heating foods to at least 155oF. 4...

  3. Theorizing Food Sovereignty: An analysis of public and academic discourse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winsauer, Emily A.

    2012-11-29

    Food is at the nexus of a truly striking range of the global political, environmental, economic and human rights issues we face today, from climate change and water scarcity to poverty and economic stability. The consolidation of each step of food...

  4. Measuring availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustillos, Brenda Diane

    2009-05-15

    A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties...

  5. Global Biofuel Production and Food Security: Implications for Asia Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Biofuel Production and Food Security: Implications for Asia Pacific 56th AARES Annual Conference Fremantle, Western Australia 7-10 February 2012 William T. Coyle #12;Global Biofuel Production and Food Security: Making the Connection --Past analysis and the evidence about biofuels and spiking

  6. Towards a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardinale, Bradley J.

    CHAPTER 8 Towards a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning Bradley engineers would instead think of servers connected together in a world-wide web, synapses connecting neurons the number of species interacting within a food web influence the efficiency and reliability by which energy

  7. Health Foods, Healthy Lives Institute Grants Awarded March 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    1 Health Foods, Healthy Lives Institute Grants Awarded March 2011 Food Safety "Prevalence of Medicine) Co-Investigators: Jeff Bender, DVM, Veterinary Public Health (College of Veterinary Medicine and Intl Medicine (School of Medicine) David Boxrud, MS, Molecular Typing Laboratory (MN Dept of Health

  8. DOE Hosts Festival to Collect Items for Area Food Banks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and a representative of the Capital Area Food Bank are among the guest speakers at an event this Tuesday, July 31, to collect food items for the DOE Feeds Families drive.

  9. Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective Thomas Lacroix rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed poverty, even for non-migrant households. In the countries benefiting from temporary migration schemes

  10. UC SANTA BARBARA POLICY AND PROCEDURE Interim Food Service Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    campus and industry health standards. III. Catering, Food Distribution, and Sales Responsibilities A) is certified as meeting industry health standards, 2) possesses a health permit, and 3) meets university of food and catering providers as necessary. If practices, standards or guidelines are not being followed

  11. Food supplementation leads to bottom-up and top-down foodhostparasite interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanette, Liana

    Food supplementation leads to bottom-up and top-down food­host­parasite interactions Liana Zanette1 `bottom-up' effects because we previously found that food supplemented sparrows better eluded nest results to the contrary. Food supplemented sparrows were parasitized as often as non-food supplemented

  12. Sustainable Food Laboratory Keep it Legal -Best Practices for Keeping Illegally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Food Laboratory Home About Us Projects Members Toolbox Newsletter Events Contact Keep) Farming (13) Fishing (3) Food (13) Food Lab (19) global food crisis (2) Meals (2) News (2) North America (3) Organics (2) Packaging (1) poverty alleviation (1) Public Food Service (4) Public Policy (3

  13. Environmental and Resource Studies / Canadian Studies / Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Michael

    , supply management, food security, food safety and the regulation of genetically modified foodsEnvironmental and Resource Studies / Canadian Studies / Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems Trent University ERST/CAST/SAFS 3340 H The Canadian Food System: A Community Development Approach Fall

  14. MSU CENTER FOR REGIONAL FOOD SYSTEMS 480 WILSON ROAD, EAST LANSING, MI 48824

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON STRUCTURAL RACISM PRESENT IN THE U.S. FOOD SYSTEM JUNE 2015 #12;Michigan State University Center for Regional Food Systems Structural Racism Present in the U.S. Food System 2 AUTHORS Anel on structural racism present in the U.S. food system. East Lansing, MI: MSU Center for Regional Food Systems

  15. Stomach ghrelin-secreting cells as food-entrainable circadian clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Rae

    Stomach ghrelin-secreting cells as food-entrainable circadian clocks Joseph LeSautera , Nawshin ``food anticipatory activity'' (FAA), depend on circadian food- entrainable oscillators (FEOs), whose clock genes food anticipatory activity food-entrainable oscillator Daily fluctuations of CNS arousal

  16. Confronting Water and Food Dilemmas A conference for mee ng the challenges for global water and food security.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Confronting Water and Food Dilemmas A conference for mee ng the challenges for global water resources in semi-arid regions and on the role of global sys- tems in ameliora ng local and regional water by impor ng water intensive food commodi- es, and having iden fied the concept of virtual water. Break out

  17. female was exposed to them in turn. A female was placed in the centre of the female compartment within a plastic bag for 5 min, then released and the number and duration of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Eshel Ben

    ). Feeding responsiveness Fish were kept without food for 24 h in the presentation tank, then exposed to two fish kept in green plastic boxes (4 £ 2.5 £ 2.5 cm) with adjustable walls that enabled only their tails movement. Before each trial, a partition hid the presentation boxes from the focal fish. Stimuli fishwere

  18. TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP EFFECTS IN A DETRITAL FOOD WEB: THE PITCHER PLANT INQUILINE COMMUNITY AS A MODEL FOOD WEB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notre Dame, University of

    TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP EFFECTS IN A DETRITAL FOOD WEB: THE PITCHER PLANT INQUILINE COMMUNITY;TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP EFFECTS IN A DETRITAL FOOD WEB: THE PITCHER PLANT INQUILINE COMMUNITY that regulate food web dynamics. Both top-down and bottom-up forces affect populations within a food web

  19. Assessment of Demand for Food under Concurrent PR and FR Schedules in the Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus Vulpecula)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Kristie E.; Bizo, Lewis A.; Starkey, Nicola J.

    2015-01-01

    Starkey, N. J. (2013). Food preferences of the brushtailanalysis of demand for food. Journal of the Experimentalanalysis of “demand” for food in baboons. Journal of the

  20. Food Security Among California's Low-Income Adults Improves, But Most Severely Affected Do Not Share in Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Gail G.; Sharp, Matthew; Manolo-LeClair, George; al., et

    2007-01-01

    Services. California’s Food Stamp Program ParticipationActions. February 2006; Food Research and Action Centerof the WIC Program on Food Security Status of Pregnant

  1. Fast Food, Slow Death and the Propaganda of Health: Jewel Thais-Williams’ Radical Battle for Black Survival

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hope, Analena

    2011-01-01

    Black, health, fast, food, justice, survival, Jewel Thais-characteristics associated with the location of food storesand food service places”. American Journal of Preventive

  2. Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kpenavoun Chogou, Sylvain; Gandonou, Esaie

    2009-01-01

    PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin.PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin.Model of Household Food Marketing Behavior in Sub-Saharan

  3. The Food Allergy Research Network represen a network of clinicians and investigators focused on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    The Food Allergy Research Network represen a network of clinicians and investigators focused on understanding and findings better ways to treat foo allergic diseases. ! Food Allergy Research Consortium INNOVATION ENGINES AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE FOOD ALLERGY RESEARCH CONSORTIUM #12;THE INSTITUTES

  4. Food Insecurity Among Homeless and Marginally Housed Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiser, Sheri D.; Bangsberg, David R.; Kegeles, Susan; Ragland, Kathleen; Kushel, Margot B.; Frongillo, Edward A.

    2009-01-01

    Simpson PM, et al. Household food insecurity is associatedlence and predictors of food insecurity among low-income15):1211–4. 7. Che J, Chen J. Food insecurity in Canadian

  5. Food safety and environmental quality impose conflicting demands on Central Coast growers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beretti, Melanie; Stuart, Diana

    2008-01-01

    References Bihn EA. 2004. Food Safety Begins on the Farm:a sub- stantial threat to food safety. Studies looking atthat could contaminate food crops (Brittingham et al. 1988;

  6. Creating An Agent-Based Model To Establish Food Security In Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Deirdre

    2013-11-28

    Malawi’s agricultural sector is unable to establish food security for the majority of the population. Food security in Malawi is defined by access to maize, the staple food for over 96% of the population. Current rates of ...

  7. The Market Effect of a Food Scare: The Case of Genetically Modified StarLink Corn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Colin A.; Smith, Aaron

    2004-01-01

    risk from genetically modified (GM) food. We analyze theof a Food Scare: The Case of Genetically Modified StarLinkof a Food Scare: The Case of Genetically Modified StarLink

  8. A Food Packaging Use Case for Argumentation Nouredine Tamani1,4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croitoru, Madalina

    between preferences expressed by the involved parties (food and packaging industries, health and waste expressed by the involved parties (food and packaging industries, health authorities, consumers, waste, food industry, packaging industry, waste management policy, etc.) requirements expressed as simple

  9. The City Feeds the Poor: The Struggle for Sustainable Food Systems in San Francisco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Paula Kay

    2012-01-01

    discusses the issue of food waste, and the problem with pre-also outlines a plan for food waste, cafeteria seating,food and health, wellness policy, teaching, dining, procurement, facilities, finances, waste

  10. The California Salmon Fly as a Food Source in Northeastern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutton, Mark Q

    1985-01-01

    on salmon flies available. Insect foods, however, are oftenFriedrich S. 1951 Insects as Human Food: A Chapter of theAS A FOOD SOURCE Arnett, Ross H. 1985 American Insects: A

  11. Nature's food anticipatory experiment: entrainment of locomotor behavior, suprachiasmatic and dorsomedial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Rae

    Nature's food anticipatory experiment: entrainment of locomotor behavior, suprachiasmatic, New York, NY, USA Keywords: anticipatory arousal, circadian, clock genes, development, food-entrained of food-entrained behavior. Rabbit pups are born in the dark, with eyelids closed. Nursing visits

  12. Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

    2010-12-21

    The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

  13. Internal Controls Over Sensitive Compartmented Information Access...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    information (SCI), which is a designation given to classified information derived from intelligence sources, methods, or analytical processes that are required to be...

  14. From Industrial Garden to Food Desert: Unearthing the Root Structure of Urban Agriculture in Oakland, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClintock, Nathan

    2008-01-01

    between trade, production, and consumption of both food andsurrounding food production and consumption have graduallyreintegrates production and consumption by teaching a

  15. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01

    of electricity production and consumption near the edges ofin localizing food production and consumption to reduceof localizing food production and consumption at the county

  16. Food Insecurity Among Homeless and Marginally Housed Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiser, Sheri D.; Bangsberg, David R.; Kegeles, Susan; Ragland, Kathleen; Kushel, Margot B.; Frongillo, Edward A.

    2009-01-01

    poor functional health status are less able to secure food.Food insecurity is associated with having dependent children, drug abuse, poor social support, poor functional

  17. GRADUATE STUDY IN FOOD SCIENCE AT UC DAVIS Approved by the Graduate Council May 14, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    proteins and postmortem breakdown of meat proteins; chemistry of flavors and aromas of foods and alcoholic; process control; genetic engineering of microbes important in food processing; freezing processes

  18. Subsidized Food Distribution with Endogenous Quality: A Case Study from the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Aashish; Jha, Shikha

    2010-01-01

    options: the case of the Philippines, Food and energy pricethe case of the Philippines National Food Authority, in:Safety Nets in the Philippines: Analysis and Prospects.

  19. Identifying and Handling Spoiled/Unsafe Food and Drinks after a Disaster 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2005-09-30

    This publication explains how to tell whether or not food has spoiled and how to dispose of spoiled food properly and safely.

  20. Prediction of daily food intake as a function of measurement modality and restriction status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuliani, NR; Tomiyama, AJ; Tomiyama, AJ; Mann, T; Mann, T; Berkman, ET

    2015-01-01

    between self-reported trait food reactivity and consumptionbetween self-reported stable reactivity and food consumptionself-reported trait dietary restraint) is not re- lated to consumption

  1. The Internationalization of Alternative Food Networks: Farmers' Markets, Community Gardens, and Agricultural Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cody, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    M. Kneafsey (Eds. ), Alternative Food Geographies:markets. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 18(1),Goldstein L. (2011). Alternative food in the global south:

  2. LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................................................................................ 12 6.3 Calculating Energy Usage.............................................................................................. 13 7 Overall Energy UsageLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS: COMPARING PLA PLASTIC FOOD USE PRODUCTS ON THE BASIS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION Sin

  3. The use of specialty sorghums for expanded snack food processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Duane Lawrence

    2004-09-30

    The physical, chemical, and antioxidant properties of extrudates prepared from specialty tannin sorghum (CSC3xR28) and Tx430 black sorghums were evaluated. White food type sorghums (ATx631xRTx436) and commercial corn meal ...

  4. Consumers' Perceptions of Animal-Based Food Products and Advertisements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Froebel, Lindy

    2015-05-12

    Grocery sales circulars influence consumers’ purchasing decision, but limited research has been conducted on them. The purpose of this study was to discover current advertisement trends for animal-based food products then ...

  5. Interconnections of Agrobiodiversity and Food Security in Rural Yucatan, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sampson, Devon D.

    2015-01-01

    functional use subsets of taxa and their ability to predict household foodfunctional use subsets of taxa and their ability to predict household foodfunctional diversity, response diversity) may help to illuminate mechanisms that link crop diversity to food

  6. Food service establishment wastewater characterization and management practice evaluation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garza, Octavio Armando

    2006-04-12

    Food service establishments that use onsite wastewater treatment systems are experiencing hydraulic and organic overloading of pretreatment systems and/or drain fields. Design guidelines for these systems are typically provided in State regulations...

  7. Energy and process substitution in the frozen-food industry:...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and process substitution in the frozen-food industry: geothermal energy and the retortable pouch Stern, M.W.; Hanemann, W.M.; Eckhouse, K. 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND...

  8. Modeling of a continuous food process with neural networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullock, David Cole

    1995-01-01

    Three neural networks were constructed and trained to provide both next step prediction and multi-step prediction of a snack food continuous frying operation. The three neural models were a feedforward sigmoidal network ...

  9. Estimation of food consumption. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J.M. Jr.

    1992-04-01

    The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.

  10. Spices form the basis of food pairing in Indian cuisine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Anupam; Bagler, Ganesh

    2015-01-01

    Culinary practices are influenced by climate, culture, history and geography. Molecular composition of recipes in a cuisine reveals patterns in food preferences. Indian cuisine encompasses a number of diverse sub-cuisines separated by geographies, climates and cultures. Its culinary system has a long history of health-centric dietary practices focused on disease prevention and promotion of health. We study food pairing in recipes of Indian cuisine to show that, in contrast to positive food pairing reported in some Western cuisines, Indian cuisine has a strong signature of negative food pairing; more the extent of flavor sharing between any two ingredients, lesser their co-occurrence. This feature is independent of recipe size and is not explained by ingredient category-based recipe constitution alone. Ingredient frequency emerged as the dominant factor specifying the characteristic flavor sharing pattern of the cuisine. Spices, individually and as a category, form the basis of ingredient composition in Indian...

  11. Analysis of food pairing in regional cuisines of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Anupam; Bagler, Ganesh

    2015-01-01

    Any national cuisine is a sum total of its variety of regional cuisines, which are the cultural and historical identifiers of their respective regions. India is home to a number of regional cuisines that showcase its culinary diversity. Here, we study recipes from eight different regional cuisines of India spanning various geographies and climates. We investigate the phenomenon of food pairing which examines compatibility of two ingredients in a recipe in terms of their shared flavor compounds. Food pairing was enumerated at the level of cuisine, recipes as well as ingredient pairs by quantifying flavor sharing between pairs of ingredients. Our results indicate that each regional cuisine follows negative food pairing pattern; more the extent of flavor sharing between two ingredients, lesser their co-occurrence in that cuisine. We find that frequency of ingredient usage is central in rendering the characteristic food pairing in each of these cuisines. Spice and dairy emerged as the most significant ingredient ...

  12. DOE, Contractors Gather Food for Less Fortunate | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    runs June 1 through August 27, began locally with the collection of red, white, and blue cans of food that were fashioned into an American Flag display at the DOE Site Office...

  13. CONTROLS ON FOOD WEBS IN GRAVEL-BEDDED RIVERS: THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power, Mary Eleanor

    Gravel-BedRivers V 405 #12;and more rapidly than comparable physical features in other (terrestrial of energy or materials (nutrients, contaminants) through food webs. These pathways of trophic transfer

  14. Pinch Application- Heat Pump Study in a Food Plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Y. T.; Tripathi, P.

    1990-01-01

    was to appropriatly place and size the heat pump system in a food plant. A change in the process configuration was recommended as a result of this study to increase the heat pump profitability and to improve the product quality....

  15. Genetically modified food and crops: perceptions of risks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Clare R.

    2010-01-01

    The debate around genetically modified food and crops has proved to be complex and far-reaching, involving diverse stakeholder groups and many issues. Although the extent of global uptake of GM crops has been substantial ...

  16. Opportunities for Enhancing the Texas Food-Processing Industry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildenthal, Marie; Capps, Oral Jr; Goodwin, H.L. Jr; Williams, Gary W.; Nichols, John P.

    1994-01-01

    The USDA’s “My Plate” recommends that preschool-aged children consume specific amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. These foods contain essential nutrients that children and adults alike require to maintain ...

  17. Food, Peace and Organizing: Liberian Market Women in Peacetime 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Joelle

    2012-10-19

    This dissertation explores Liberian market women's food distribution activities and specifically focuses on their organizations and practices in postconflict times. During the last few years, Liberian market women have ...

  18. Food, Poverty and Epidemic Disease, Edinburgh: 1840-1850 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGillivray, Neil

    2004-01-01

    The thesis first examines the link between nutrition and disease, focusing on the poor of Edinburgh during the 184Os, a time of economic depression and food shortage. The development of nutritional science and the level ...

  19. Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Cynthia Ann

    2011-08-08

    Current national dietary policy recommends that half, or three, of the six daily servings of grain foods be consumed as whole grains. However, most American children prefer to consume enriched, refined over whole grains. ...

  20. A semiotic analysis of biotechnology and food safety photographs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Jennifer Lynn

    2006-04-12

    This study evaluated photographs used in Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News and World Report in stories about biotechnology and food safety issues from the years 2000 and 2001. This study implemented a semiotic methodology to ...

  1. Growing Up in Scotland: Year 3 - Food and Activity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marryat, Louise; Valeria, Skafida; Webster, Catriona

    2009-01-21

    This report uses data from the Growing Up in Scotland study to explore the prevalence of, and many issues related to, food and activity in Scotland specifically in relation to young children.

  2. METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS IN IMPUTATION, FOOD CONSUMPTION AND OBESITY RESEARCH 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyureghian, Gayaneh

    2010-07-14

    Obesity is a rapidly growing public health threat as well as an economic problem in the United States. The recent changes in eating habits, especially the relative increase of food away from home (FAFH) consumption over ...

  3. Research review paper Effects of food processing on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425 2.1.1. Moist heat;2.1.2. Dry heat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426 2.2. Non, or hypotension. Since there are no medical treatments currently available for curing food allergies, the best way

  4. Environmental and Community Awareness: A Local Foods Profile 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hummer, Sara

    2010-11-26

    Consumption in a global industrial economy has been linked to both environmental damage and community erosion. The local food movement has been shown to provide a catalyst to community building as well as increased agricultural sustainability. Given...

  5. #AskBerkeleyLab: Cost and Availability of Healthy Food

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buluswar, Shashi

    2014-10-22

    Shashi Buluswar, Executive Director at the LBNL Institute for Globally Transformative Technologies, answers a question from Ashley on why healthy food costs so much and is not available in low-income neighborhoods.

  6. States Biomass/Clean Cities Information Exchange: Food and Fuel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the August 7, 2008 joint quarterly Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Roya Stanley (Iowa Office of Energy Independence) discussed the food versus fuel issue

  7. A Complete Systems Analysis of Nutritional Awareness and Food Demand. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitz, John D.; Capps, Oral Jr

    1993-01-01

    of nutrition awareness and food demand. Baye, Jansen, and Lee included a geometric lag structure for advertising within an AIDS model. The geometric lag structure allows for an initial response with geometrically declining response thereafter. Al though... this structure may be appropriate in the study of nutrition and food demand, one would not want to limit the response to such a geometric shape. Alterna tively, one could use the polynomial distributed lag (PDL) structure developed by Almon. The PDL speci...

  8. The importance of food demand management for climate mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bajželj, Bojana; Richards, Keith S.; Allwood, Julian M.; Smith, Pete; Dennis, John S.; Curmi, Elizabeth; Gilligan, Christopher A.

    2014-08-31

    , Cambridge, CB2 1PZ, UK b Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 3EN, UK c Scottish Food Security Alliance-Crops and Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK d... the average consumption of sugar, oil, meat and dairy is limited according to expert health recommendations 37-40 . Scenarios Yields Demand-side reductions Current trends in yields Yield gap closures (sustainable intensification) 50% Food waste...

  9. Food processing wastes as nutrient sources in algal growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, M-H; Chan, W-C; Chu, L-M

    1983-03-01

    Utilization of food processing wastes for biological production will ease part of the disposal problem, especially the potential hazards of eutrophication, andat the same time recycle the inherently rich plant nutrients in the waste materials. The present investigation is an attempt to study the feasibility of using five food processing wastes, including carrot, coconut, eggshell, soybean, and sugarcane, for culturing Chlorella pyrenoidosa (a unicellular green alga).

  10. Food & Agriculture Policy Issues for the 1980s. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    1980-01-01

    to urban development, highways and other nonfarm uses. This conversion of 2.5 to 3.0 million acres annually is reducing this basic resource for food pro duction and may also have environmental effects in local areas. Policy questions raised by the land... conversion issue include: Should federal, state and local government policies be developed to preserve agri cultural land for food and fiber production? If so, what type of policies are needed? Energy and Agriculture American agriculture production...

  11. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors, 2nd Edition. Part 7 - Food Safety on the Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Procedure (SOP) Form Unit 7.0 | 347 Food Safety on theFarm 348 | Unit 7.0? Food Safety on the FarmFood Safety Risks Unit 7.0 | 329 Food Safety on the Farm b)

  12. UPDATE February 2012 - The Food Crises: Predictive validation of a quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2012-01-01

    Increases in global food prices have led to widespread hunger and social unrest---and an imperative to understand their causes. In a previous paper published in September 2011, we constructed for the first time a dynamic model that quantitatively agreed with food prices. Specifically, the model fit the FAO Food Price Index time series from January 2004 to March 2011, inclusive. The results showed that the dominant causes of price increases during this period were investor speculation and ethanol conversion. The model included investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take advantage of increased expected returns. Here, we extend the food prices model to January 2012, without modifying the model but simply continuing its dynamics. The agreement is still precise, validating both the descriptive and predictive abilities of the analysis. Policy actions are needed to avoid a third speculative bubble that would cause prices to rise above recent peaks by the end of 2012.

  13. One thousand friends of food : strategies for the implementation of local food policy in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Deborah Helaine

    2009-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration into how New York City can incorporate local food system planning into their existing sustainability program by capitalizing on recent energy and grassroots initiatives. I argue for the ...

  14. Evaluation of Radiation Doses Due to Consumption of Contaminated Food Items and Calculation of Food Class-Specific Derived Intervention Levels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heinzelman, K M; Mansfield, W G

    2010-04-27

    This document evaluates the expected radiation dose due to the consumption of several specific food classes (dairy, meat, produce, etc.) contaminated with specific radionuclides, and relates concentration levels in food to the detection abilities of typical aboratory analysis/measurement methods. The attached charts present the limiting organ dose as a function of the radionuclide concentration in a particular food class, and allow the user to compare these concentrations and doses to typical analytical detection apabilities. The expected radiation dose depends on several factors: the age of the individual; the radionuclide present in the food; the concentration of the radionuclide in the food; and the amount of food consumed. Food consumption rates for individuals of various ges were taken from the 1998 United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) document, Accidental Radioactive Contamination of HUman Food and Animal Feeds: Recommendations for State and Local Agencies. In that document, the FDA defines the erived Intervention Level (DIL), which is the concentration of a particular radionuclide in food that if consumed could result in an individual receiving a radiation dose exceeding the Protection Action Guide (PAG) thresholds for intervention. This document also resents odified, food class specific DIL, which is calculated using a somewhat modified version of the FDA's procedure. This document begins with an overview of the FDA's DIL calculation, followed by a description of the food class specific DIL calculations, and finally charts of the radiation dose per radioactivity concentration for several food class/radionuclide combinations.

  15. Characterizing a model food gel containing bubbles and solid inclusions using ultrasound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, John

    , the technique is especially relevant for functional foods, in which solid functional ingredients must the growth of a functional foods industry.2,7 Since functional foods produce physiological health,8 then microstructure manipulation during processing is key to the successful formulation of effective functional foods

  16. STUDY OF FOOD PREFERENCE AND RATE OF FEEDING OF JAPANESE OYSTER DRILL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    65 STUDY OF FOOD PREFERENCE AND RATE OF FEEDING OF JAPANESE OYSTER DRILL Ocinebra japonica DUNKER L. McKernan, Director STUDY OF FOOD PREFERENCE AND RATE OF FEEDING OF JAPANESE OYSTER DRILL by drills 7 "Replacemient of food" test 7 Tank 2 "continuation test" 15 "Non-replacement of food" tests 15

  17. Food Recognition Using Statistics of Pairwise Local Features Shulin (Lynn) Yang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Food Recognition Using Statistics of Pairwise Local Features Shulin (Lynn) Yang1 Mei Chen2 Dean Food recognition is difficult because food items are de- formable objects that exhibit significant variations in ap- pearance. We believe the key to recognizing food is to ex- ploit the spatial relationships

  18. Pride and Prejudice: Learning How Chronically Ill People Think about Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pride and Prejudice: Learning How Chronically Ill People Think about Food Katie A. Siek, Kay H chronically ill population thinks about food, mentally organizes food, and interprets consumption-level icons interfaces that they could not accurately interpret. The results indicate that participants organized food

  19. Multiple-Food Recognition Considering Co-occurrence Employing Manifold Ranking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    Multiple-Food Recognition Considering Co-occurrence Employing Manifold Ranking Yuji Matsuda-y@mm.cs.uec.ac.jp, yanai@cs.uec.ac.jp Abstract In this paper, we propose a method to recog- nize food images which include multiple food items considering co-occurrence statistics of food items. The proposed method employs

  20. http://www.who.int/fsf/ 4. European Commission Scientific Committee on Food (SCF)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinfurter, Harald

    http://www.who.int/fsf/ 4. European Commission Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Food on New Findings Regarding the Presence of Acrylamide in Food (SCF/CS/CNTM/CONT/4 Final, 3 July 2002) http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/scf/index_en.html 5. Ledl, F. & Schleicher, E

  1. Food wasting by house mice: variation among individuals, families, and genetic lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    Food wasting by house mice: variation among individuals, families, and genetic lines PawelC Kotejaa considerable amounts of pelleted food and leave it scattered in their cages. The proportion of food thus wasted (in relation to food eaten) varies remarkably among individuals, from 2% to 40%, but is highly

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Obese adults have visual attention bias for food cue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sohee

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Obese adults have visual attention bias for food cue images: evidence for altered of this study was to investigate whether the motivational salience of food cues (as reflected by their attention in combination with a visual probe task. Eye movements and reaction time to food and non-food images were

  3. How can STFC contribute to the Global Food Security [GFS] Programme?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of logistics to reduce food waste and food miles HPC: · Modelling of processes · Optimising of processesHow can STFC contribute to the Global Food Security [GFS] Programme? STFC will be running funding an overview of the end to end chain of food in society. Consider each area on the diagram and then answer

  4. Quantification and Resolution of a Complex, Size-Structured Food Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Quantification and Resolution of a Complex, Size-Structured Food Web GUY WOODWARD, DOUGIE C. SPEIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 A. Connectance Food Webs: Early Patterns and Recent Advances . . 87 B. Quantified Food Webs: From Pattern to Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 C. The Broadstone Stream Food Web

  5. Coping with justice, democracy and sustainability. The case of the Dutch food sovereignty movement and its relation to government policy directed at food security in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brouwer, Sara

    2015-01-01

    out in which respects (if any) the Dutch food sovereignty movement influences, and can influence, Dutch government policy directed at food security in Africa. By means of a critical discourse analysis of policy documents I have first investigated...

  6. Who is to blame for Food Bank Britain? An analysis of the geographies of responsibility through the experiences of the Edinburgh food bank community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolley, Felicity

    2014-11-27

    A qualitative analysis of the geographies of responsibility pertaining to the recently reported increases in demand within the food bank system. Interviews were conducted with fifty volunteers and clients from the Edinburgh food bank community...

  7. Food, Emotion and the Environment: A study of the food habits of Indonesian immigrants in Scotland and the associated environmental impact. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitria, Rizki

    2012-11-29

    Immigrant communities’ relationships with their home foods are intricate and are often embodied with an emotional experience of the departed home. The determination of the Indonesian community in preserving the habit of consuming Indonesian food...

  8. To label or not to label, the GMO food paradox Is labeling of foods containing GMOs a consumer right? Or does labeling of GMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    To label or not to label, the GMO food paradox Is labeling of foods containing GMOs a consumer right? Or does labeling of GMO foods create a false warning? Are voluntary initiatives sufficient and government agencies? As States and the nation grapple with the GMO labeling paradox, the Finding Common

  9. Energy conservation by hyperfiltration: food industry background literature survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-04-15

    The application of hyperfiltration to selected food product streams and food processing wastewaters for energy conservation was examined. This literature survey had led to the following conclusions: no research has been conducted in the food industry using membranes with hot process streams due to the temperature limitation (< 40/sup 0/C) of the typically studied cellulose acetate membranes; based on the bench-scale research reviewed, concentration of fruit and vegetable juices with membranes appears to be technically feasible; pretreatment and product recovery research was conducted with membranes on citrus peel oil, potato processing and brine wastewaters and wheys. The experiments demonstrated that these applications are feasible; many of the problems that have been identified with membranes are associated with either the suspended solids or the high osmotic pressure and viscosity of many foods; research using dynamic membranes has been conducted with various effluents, at temperatures to approx. 100/sup 0/C, at pressures to 1200 psi and with suspended solids to approx. 2%; and, the dynamic membrane is being prototype tested by NASA for high temperature processing of shower water. The literature review substantiates potential for dynamic membrane on porous stainless tubes to process a number of hot process and effluent streams in the food processing industry. Hot water for recycle and product concentrations are major areas with potential for economic application. The two plants involved in the first phase of the project should be reviewed to identify potential energy conservation applications. As many as possible of the conservation applications should be tested during the screening phase at each site. The most promising applications at each site should be evaluated more intensively to establish engineering estimates of the economics of this technology for the canned fruit and vegetable segment of the food industry.

  10. Food Quality Sensors Discussed at Pittcon 2013 | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |FinalIndustrialFollowing the Technical Career PathFoodFood

  11. vide cottage food op-erators with general and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    that they are un- able to support pathogenic microorganism growth or toxin information, or garlic-in -oil mixtures that are not modified in a way so that they are unable to support pathogenic microorganism growth or toxin information/temperature control for safety (TCS) to limit patho- genic microorganism growth or toxin formation; An animal food

  12. Call for Proposals Eurasian Center for Food Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Alexander

    price crisis of 2007/2008. ECFS' mission is to help enhance agricultural performance in the Eurasian for saline soil reclamation Price volatility and the impact on food security in Central Asia and Armenia should be no longer than five A4 text pages (not including reference list, tables, and graphics

  13. Call for Proposals Eurasian Center for Food Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Alexander

    price crisis of 2007/2008. ECFS' mission is to help enhance agricultural performance in the Eurasian for saline soil reclamation · Price volatility and the impact on food security in Central Asia and Armenia should be no longer than five A4 text pages (not including reference list, tables, and graphics

  14. Purchasing Energy-Efficient Hot Food Holding Cabinets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for hot food holding cabinets, a product category covered by ENERGY STAR efficiency requirements. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies purchase ENERGY STAR-qualified products or FEMP-designated products in all product categories covered by these programs and in any acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  15. CONSCIOUS CONSUMER RESISTANCE? LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD NETWORKS VERSUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    particular pattern of production with a particular pattern of consumption' (Fine and Leopold, 1993:4). Within, and sustainable consumption in general. Mainstream and alternative models of sustainable consumption are described marketing initiatives. KEYWORDS: Food, localism, organics, sustainable consumption #12;1 1. INTRODUCTION

  16. University of California, San Diego BMP C05: Food Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    of grease or cooking oil to any storm drain or sanitary sewer system drain! Waste grease and cooking oil outdoor storm drains for evidence of improper disposal of grease, cooking oil, or other food waste & Debris Oil & Grease Bacteria Total Residual Chlorine Dry weather flows Purpose: To prevent or reduce

  17. Whole Foods Market Improves Energy Efficiency in New Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-01

    Whole Foods Market partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to reduce annual energy consumption in new stores by at least 50% versus requirements set by ASHRAE/ANSI/IESNA Standard 90.1-20041 as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program.

  18. Whole Foods Market Retrofits Multiple Building Systems for Big Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-01

    Whole Foods Market partnered with U.S. the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to reduce annual energy consumption in existing stores by at least 30% versus pre-retrofit energy use at its store in Edgewater, New Jersey, as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program.

  19. The embarrassment of riches: agricultural food subsidies, high

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockwell, Robert F.

    of Natural History, Central Park West, New York, N.Y. 10024, USA. K.F.Abraham. Ontario Ministry of Natural of agricultural foods allows the birds to meet much of their energy demand for migration and reproduction Arctic. Foraging has produced alternative stable states characterized by sward destruction and near

  20. New Food For Microbial Fuel Cells Contributed by OJ Fagbire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be discarded lobster and crab shells. Microbial fuel cells produce energy when the microbes consume organicNew Food For Microbial Fuel Cells Contributed by OJ Fagbire Wednesday, 06 June 2007 According to Penn State researchers, the answer to prolonging the life of microbial fuel cells under the sea may