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Sample records for french broad elec

  1. French Broad Elec Member Corp (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    French Broad Elec Member Corp Place: Tennessee Phone Number: (828)649-2051 or (828)688-4815 or (800)222-6190 or (828)682-6121 Website: www.frenchbroademc.com Twitter:...

  2. French Broad Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    French Broad Elec Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (828)649-2051 or (828)688-4815 or (800)222-6190 or (828)682-6121 Website: www.frenchbroademc.com Twitter:...

  3. Withlacoochee River Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Withlacoochee River Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Withlacoochee River Elec Coop Place: Florida Phone Number: 352-567-5133 Website: www.wrec.net Twitter: https:...

  4. Choctawhatche Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Choctawhatche Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Choctawhatche Elec Coop, Inc Place: Florida Phone Number: (850) 892-2111 Website: www.chelco.com Twitter: https:...

  5. Washington Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Washington Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: 478-552-2577; 1-800-552-2577 Website: washingtonemc.com...

  6. Intermountain Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Assn Place: Colorado Website: www.irea.coop Twitter: @IREAColorado Facebook: https:www.facebook.comIntermountainREA Outage Hotline: 1-800-332-9540 References:...

  7. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Delaware References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  8. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Connecticut Phone Number: 212-997-8500...

  9. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: District of Columbia References:...

  10. Public Service Elec & Gas Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec & Gas Co (Redirected from PSEG) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Elec & Gas Co Abbreviation: PSEG Place: New Jersey Year Founded: 1903 Phone Number:...

  11. Mountrail-Williams Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mountrail-Williams Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mountrail-Williams Elec Coop Place: North Dakota Phone Number: Williston Office- 701-577-3765 -- Stanley Office-...

  12. Northern Virginia Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NOVEC) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northern Virginia Elec Coop Place: Manassas, Virginia References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA Form...

  13. Northern Virginia Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Northern Virginia Elec Coop Place: Manassas, Virginia References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 13640 Utility Location...

  14. Upson Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Upson Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Website: www.upsonemc.comUpson%20EMC%2 Facebook: https:www.facebook.comupson.emc Outage Hotline: 706-647-5475 References: EIA...

  15. Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utils & Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc Place: Alaska Phone Number: 907-852-6166 Website: www.bueci.org Outage Hotline: After Hours:...

  16. Wayne-White Counties Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wayne-White Counties Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wayne-White Counties Elec Coop Place: Illinois Phone Number: (618) 842-2196 Website: waynewhitecoop.com Facebook:...

  17. HHH FEC Cooperation Mach Elec Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    HHH FEC Cooperation Mach Elec Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: HHH-FEC Cooperation Mach.&Elec. Co., Ltd Place: Weihai, Shanghai Municipality, China Zip: 264209 Sector:...

  18. Harrison County Rrl Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison County Rrl Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison County Rrl Elec Coop Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712-647-2727 Website: www.hcrec.coop Outage Hotline:...

  19. Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place: West Virginia Phone Number: 304.624.6365 Website: www.harrisonrea.com...

  20. Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: (903) 935-7936 Website: www.phec.us Facebook: https:...

  1. Brown County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brown County Rural Elec Assn Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 1-800-658-2368 Website: www.browncountyrea.coop Outage Hotline:...

  2. Deep East Texas Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Deep East Texas Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Deep East Texas Elec Coop Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: 1-800-392-5986 Website: www.deepeast.com Facebook: https:...

  3. Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc Place: Arkansas Phone Number: 1-877-828-4074 Website: www.rmec.com Outage Hotline:...

  4. Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gas & Elec Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp Place: New York Phone Number: 845-452-2700 or 1-800-527-2714 Website: www.centralhudson.com...

  5. Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Place: Alabama Phone Number: (256) 552-2300 Website: www.jwemc.org Twitter: @jwemc...

  6. East End Mutual Elec Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    End Mutual Elec Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: East End Mutual Elec Co Ltd Place: Idaho Phone Number: (208) 436-9357 Website: www.electricunion.orgcompany- Outage...

  7. Virginia Mun Elec Assn No 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Assn No 1 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Virginia Mun Elec Assn No 1 Place: Virginia Website: www.mepav.org References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  8. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Maine Phone Number: 1-800-437-7645 Website:...

  9. South River Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    River Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: South River Elec Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (910) 892-8071 Website: www.sremc.com Twitter: https:...

  10. Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-800-749-3364 or 580-564-1800 Website: www.rrvrea.com Twitter:...

  11. Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-694-6241 Website: www.clearwater-polk.com Outage...

  12. Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc Place: Montana Phone Number: (406) 665-2830 Website: www.bhcec.com Outage Hotline: (406)...

  13. Public Service Elec & Gas Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec & Gas Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Elec & Gas Co Abbreviation: PSEG Place: New Jersey Year Founded: 1903 Phone Number: 1-800-436-7734 Website:...

  14. Mora-San Miguel Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mora-San Miguel Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mora-San Miguel Elec Coop, Inc Place: New Mexico Phone Number: 575-387-2205 (Mora) -- 505-757-6490 (Pecos) Website:...

  15. Copper Valley Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Copper Valley Elec Assn, Inc Place: Alaska Phone Number: Copper Basin: 907-822-3211 or Valdez: 907-835-4301 Website:...

  16. New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 860 729 9767 Website: www.nehydropower.com...

  17. Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: North Dakota Phone Number: 701-256-5511 Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  18. Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SW Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop Place: Colman, South Dakota References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA...

  19. Nelson Lagoon Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lagoon Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nelson Lagoon Elec Coop Inc Place: Alaska Phone Number: (907) 989-2204 Website: www.swamc.orghtmlsouthwest-a Outage...

  20. Denton County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Elec Coop, Inc Place: Texas Service Territory: Texas Website: www.coserv.com Outage Hotline: (800) 274-4014 Outage Map: outagemap.coserv.comexternal References: EIA...

  1. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pennsylvania) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Pennsylvania References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

  2. Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Abbreviation: Tipmont REMC Address: 403 S Main St Place: Linden, Indiana Zip: 47955 Phone Number: 800-726-3953 Website:...

  3. Paulding-Putman Elec Coop, Inc (Indiana) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Paulding-Putman Elec Coop, Inc Address: 401 McDonald Pike Place: Paulding, Ohio Zip: 45879-9270 Service Territory: Indiana, Ohio Phone Number:...

  4. Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc (Louisiana) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Louisiana) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc Place: Louisiana Phone Number: (318) 933-5096 Outage Hotline: (318) 933-5096 References: EIA Form...

  5. Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc (Oklahoma) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc (Oklahoma) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-877-828-4074 Website: www.rmec.com Outage Hotline: 1-877-828-4074...

  6. North Georgia Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: North Georgia Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: Dalton: (706) 259-9441; Fort Oglethorpe: (706) 866-2231; Calhoun: (706) 629-3160; Trion:...

  7. Grundy County Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop Place: Iowa Phone Number: 319-824-5251 Website: www.grundycountyrecia.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-390-7605 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA Form...

  8. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Maryland) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Maryland References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form...

  9. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Massachusetts) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 212-997-8500 Website: www.hess.com Twitter: @HessCorporation Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  10. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rhode Island) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Rhode Island References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

  11. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New Hampshire) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 1-800-437-7645 Website: www.hess.com Twitter: @HessCorporation Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  12. Oliver-Mercer Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oliver-Mercer Elec Coop Inc Place: North Dakota References: Energy Information Administration.1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 14088 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  13. Blue Ridge Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Blue Ridge Elec Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: 1-800-448-2383 Website: www.blueridgeemc.com Twitter: @blueridgeemc Facebook: https:www.facebook.comBlueRidgeEMC...

  14. Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc Place: Alabama Phone Number: Atmore Office: 251.368.4842; Brewton Office: 251.867.5415; Evergreen Office: 251.578.3460; Frisco...

  15. East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Place: Mississippi Phone Number: Meridian Office: 601-581-8600 -- Quitman Office: 601-776-6271 -- DeKalb Office: 601-743-2641 --...

  16. South Louisiana Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: South Louisiana Elec Coop Assn Place: Louisiana Phone Number: Houma Office: (985) 876-6880 or Amelia Office: (985) 631-3605 Website: www.sleca.com Facebook:...

  17. Morgan County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Morgan County Rural Elec Assn Place: Colorado Website: www.mcrea.org Twitter: @MorganCountyREA Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesMorgan-County-Rural-Ele...

  18. Heartland Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: (800) 835-9586 Website: www.heartland-rec.com Twitter: @HeartlandREC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comHeartlandREC Outage Hotline:...

  19. Central Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Valley Elec Coop, Inc Place: New Mexico Phone Number: (575) 746-3571 Website: cvecoop.org Outage Hotline: (575) 746-3571...

  20. New England Elec Transm'n Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transm'n Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: New England Elec Transm'n Corp Place: New Hampshire References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  1. North Central Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Central Elec Coop, Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.ncelec.org Twitter: @NorthCentralEC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comNorthCentralElectric Outage Hotline: 419-426-3072 ...

  2. Buckeye Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Buckeye Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.buckeyerec.commain Facebook: https:www.facebook.combuckeyerec Outage Hotline: 1-800-282-7204 References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  3. Bailey County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop Assn Place: Texas Phone Number: (806) 272-4504 Website: www.bcecoop.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.combcecoop Outage Hotline: (806) 272-4504 References: EIA Form...

  4. Comanche County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Comanche County Elec Coop Assn Place: Texas Website: www.ceca.coophome.aspx Facebook: https:www.facebook.comCECA.coop Outage Hotline: 1-800-915-2533 References: EIA Form...

  5. Elec District No. 5 Maricopa C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    District No. 5 Maricopa C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Elec District No. 5 Maricopa C Place: Arizona Phone Number: (480) 610-8741 Outage Hotline: (480) 610-8741 References:...

  6. Delaware County Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Delaware County Elec Coop Inc Place: New York Phone Number: (607) 746-9283 or Toll Free at (866) 436-1223 Website: www.dce.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  7. Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place: Idaho Service Territory: Idaho, Utah, Nevada Phone Number: 208-645-2211 Website: rrelectric.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  8. Sam Rayburn G&T Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sam Rayburn G&T Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sam Rayburn G&T Elec Coop Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: (936) 560-9532 Outage Hotline: (936) 560-9532 References:...

  9. A Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: A Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC Authors...

  10. Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: New York Phone Number: 607-776-4161 or 800-843-3414 or 716-296-5651 or 800-883-8236 Website: www.steubenrec.coop Outage Hotline: 1-866-430-4293...

  11. MHK Projects/Homeowner Tidal Power Elec Gen | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Homeowner Tidal Power Elec Gen < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","typ...

  12. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New York) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: New York References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 22509 This article is a...

  13. The RenewElec Project: Variable Renewable Energy and the Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apt, Jay

    2014-02-14

    Variable energy resources, such as wind power, now produce about 4% of U.S. electricity. They can play a significantly expanded role if the U.S. adopts a systems approach that considers affordability, security and reliability. Reaching a 20-30% renewable portfolio standard goal is possible, but not without changes in the management and regulation of the power system, including accurately assessing and preparing for the operational effects of renewable generation. The RenewElec project will help the nation make the transition to the use of significant amounts of electric generation from variable and intermittent sources of renewable power.

  14. Richard Gerber, Lisa Gerhardt, Harvey Wasserman, Helen He, Scott French, Zhengji

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lisa Gerhardt, Harvey Wasserman, Helen He, Scott French, Zhengji Zhao NUG Monthly Meeting --- 1 --- NUG M onthly M ee-ng September 11, 2014 Agenda * Hopper a nd E dison U -liza-on, B acklog, a nd Q ueue Waits * Edison memory replacement: down-me 9/25/14---9/29/14 * Carver S L6 O S u pgrade a nd C HOS * Hopper apsched e rrors * Update o n t he N ESAP p rogram a nd N ERSC A pplica-on Readiness f or C ori ( NERSC---8) * Dirac a nd C arver r e-rement r eminder * NUGEX Elec-ons * Mini---Seminar: P

  15. BROAD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: BROAD Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100086 Product: BROAD specializes in air conditioning systems powered by clean and recyclable energies. Coordinates: 39.90601,...

  16. Sequencing at the Broad

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzgerald, Mike

    2010-06-02

    Mike Fitzgerald of the Broad Institute discusses sequencing platforms and pipeline overviews on June 2, 2010 at the "Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future" meeting in Santa Fe, NM

  17. Broad Agency Announcements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Broad Agency Announcements Broad Agency Announcements World-class experts and capabilities countering all aspects of explosive threats, and aiming predominantly at enhanced detection capabilities. LACED can respond to BAAs, so long as the BAA solicitations satisfies FOA criteria noted in "When LACED can Participate" under the FOAs section. When a BAA is relevant to LACED's unique capabilities and its Department of Energy mission, LACED in general may respond to the BAA on its own.

  18. Broad band waveguide spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldman, Don S. (Folsom, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A spectrometer for analyzing a sample of material utilizing a broad band source of electromagnetic radiation and a detector. The spectrometer employs a waveguide possessing an entry and an exit for the electromagnetic radiation emanating from the source. The waveguide further includes a surface between the entry and exit portions which permits interaction between the electromagnetic radiation passing through the wave guide and a sample material. A tapered portion forms a part of the entry of the wave guide and couples the electromagnetic radiation emanating from the source to the waveguide. The electromagnetic radiation passing from the exit of the waveguide is captured and directed to a detector for analysis.

  19. French intensive truck garden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, T D

    1983-01-01

    The French Intensive approach to truck gardening has the potential to provide substantially higher yields and lower per acre costs than do conventional farming techniques. It was the intent of this grant to show that there is the potential to accomplish the gains that the French Intensive method has to offer. It is obvious that locally grown food can greatly reduce transportation energy costs but when there is the consideration of higher efficiencies there will also be energy cost reductions due to lower fertilizer and pesticide useage. As with any farming technique, there is a substantial time interval for complete soil recovery after there have been made substantial soil modifications. There were major crop improvements even though there was such a short time since the soil had been greatly disturbed. It was also the intent of this grant to accomplish two other major objectives: first, the garden was managed under organic techniques which meant that there were no chemical fertilizers or synthetic pesticides to be used. Second, the garden was constructed so that a handicapped person in a wheelchair could manage and have a higher degree of self sufficiency with the garden. As an overall result, I would say that the garden has taken the first step of success and each year should become better.

  20. Lakes_Elec_You

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Lakes, Electricity & You Why It's So Important That Lakes Are Used To Generate Electricity Why We Can Thank Our Lakes For Electricity Because lakes were made to generate electricity. Back in the mid-1940s, Congress recognized the need for better flood control and navigation. To pay for these services, Congress passed laws that started the building of federal hydroelectric dams, and sold the power from the dams under long-term contracts. Today these dams provide efficient, environmentally

  1. BROAD USA Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BROAD USA Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: BROAD USA, Inc Place: Hackensack, New Jersey Zip: 7601 Product: BROAD manufactures absorption chillers powered by clean and...

  2. Broad-band beam buncher

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, David A. (Walnut Creek, CA); Flood, William S. (Berkeley, CA); Arthur, Allan A. (Martinez, CA); Voelker, Ferdinand (Orinda, CA)

    1986-01-01

    A broad-band beam buncher is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-band response and the device as a whole designed to effect broad-band beam coupling, so as to minimize variations of the output across the response band.

  3. Broad-band beam buncher

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, D.A.; Flood, W.S.; Arthur, A.A.; Voelker, F.

    1984-03-20

    A broad-band beam bunther is disclosed, comprising an evacuated housing, an electron gun therein for producing an electron beam, a buncher cavity having entrance and exit openings through which the beam is directed, grids across such openings, a source providing a positive DC voltage between the cavity and the electron gun, a drift tube through which the electron beam travels in passing through such cavity, grids across the ends of such drift tube, gaps being provided between the drift tube grids and the entrance and exit grids, a modulator for supplying an ultrahigh frequency modulating signal to the drift tube for producing velocity modulation of the electrons in the beam, a drift space in the housing through which the velocity modulated electron beam travels and in which the beam is bunched, and a discharge opening from such drift tube and having a grid across such opening through which the bunched electron beam is discharged into an accelerator or the like. The buncher cavity and the drift tube may be arranged to constitute an extension of a coaxial transmission line which is employed to deliver the modulating signal from a signal source. The extended transmission line may be terminated in its characteristic impedance to afford a broad-

  4. Broadly tunable picosecond ir source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campillo, A.J.; Hyer, R.C.; Shapiro, S.L.

    1980-04-23

    A picosecond traveling-wave parametric device capable of controlled spectral bandwidth and wavelength in the infrared is reported. Intense 1.064 ..mu..m picosecond pulses (1) pass through a 4.5 cm long LiNbO/sub 3/ optical parametric oscillator crystal (2) set at its degeneracy angle. A broad band emerges, and a simple grating (3) and mirror (4) arrangement is used to inject a selected narrow-band into a 2 cm long LiNbO/sub 3/ optical parametric amplifier crystal (5) along a second pump line. Typical input energies at 1.064 ..mu..m along both pump lines are 6 to 8 mJ for the oscillator and 10 mJ for the amplifier. This yields 1 mJ of tunable output in the range 1.98 to 2.38 ..mu..m which when down-converted in a 1 cm long CdSe crystal mixer (6) gives 2 ..mu..J of tunable radiation over the 14.8 to 18.5 ..mu..m region. The bandwidth and wavelength of both the 2 and 16 ..mu..m radiation output are controlled solely by the diffraction grating.

  5. Broadly tunable picosecond IR source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campillo, Anthony J. (Nesconset, NY); Hyer, Ronald C. (Los Alamos, NM); Shapiro, Stanley J. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1982-01-01

    A picosecond traveling-wave parametric device capable of controlled spectral bandwidth and wavelength in the infrared is reported. Intense 1.064 .mu.m picosecond pulses (1) pass through a 4.5 cm long LiNbO.sub.3 optical parametric oscillator crystal (2) set at its degeneracy angle. A broad band emerges, and a simple grating (3) and mirror (4) arrangement is used to inject a selected narrow-band into a 2 cm long LiNbO.sub.3 optical parametric amplifier crystal (5) along a second pump line. Typical input energies at 1.064 .mu.m along both pump lines are 6-8 mJ for the oscillator and 10 mJ for the amplifier. This yields 1 mJ of tunable output in the range 1.98 to 2.38 .mu.m which when down-converted in a 1 cm long CdSe crystal mixer (6) gives 2 .mu.J of tunable radiation over the 14.8 to 18.5 .mu.m region. The bandwidth and wavelength of both the 2 and 16 .mu.m radiation output are controlled solely by the diffraction grating.

  6. French landmark decree authorizes ITER construction | Princeton Plasma

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Lab French landmark decree authorizes ITER construction By John Greenwald November 20, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The French government has capped more than two years of review by issuing a license for the construction of ITER, the international fusion project that the European Union, the United States and five other countries are building in Cadarache, France, to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion energy. French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault signed the

  7. Energy Department and French Commission on Atomic Energy and Alternative

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energies Sign New Research and Development Agreement | Department of Energy Energy Department and French Commission on Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Sign New Research and Development Agreement Energy Department and French Commission on Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Sign New Research and Development Agreement June 28, 2012 - 1:04pm Addthis Energy Department and French Commission on Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Sign New Research and Development Agreement Washington,

  8. French Camp, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    French Camp, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.8840922, -121.2710555 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  9. Cigeo, the French Geological Repository Project - 13022

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Labalette, Thibaud; Harman, Alain; Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Ouzounian, Gerald

    2013-07-01

    The Cigeo industrial-scale geological disposal centre is designed for the disposal of the most highly-radioactive French waste. It will be built in an argillite formation of the Callovo-Oxfordian dating back 160 million years. The Cigeo project is located near the Bure village in the Paris Basin. The argillite formation was studied since 1974, and from the Meuse/Haute-Marne underground research laboratory since end of 1999. Most of the waste to be disposed of in the Cigeo repository comes from nuclear power plants and from reprocessing of their spent fuel. (authors)

  10. Broad Brook, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Broad Brook, Connecticut: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.9123195, -72.5450873 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  11. Astroparticle physics with a customized low-background broad...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Astroparticle physics with a customized low-background broad energy Germanium detector Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Astroparticle physics with a customized ...

  12. French Ambassador Pierre Vimont tours JLab (Daily Press) | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    french-ambassador-pierre-vimont-tours-jlab-daily-press 'We want to be friend to U.S.' By Samieh Shalash, Daily Press February 29, 2008 The French ambassador to the United States says "France is back." The French Ambassador to the United States, Pierre Vimont, spoke to about 250 people Thursday night about the political relationship between the two countries. "We want to be a true friend, a loyal and serious partner to the U.S," he said. Differences will occur, Vimont quickly

  13. Illinois Municipal Elec Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility...

  14. Northwestern Wisconsin Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate...

  15. Cumberland Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

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    EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 4624 Utility Location Yes Ownership C...

  16. Central Wisconsin Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    https:www.facebook.compagesCentral-Wisconsin-Electric-Cooperative268841143249085?refaymthomepagepanel Outage Hotline: 800-377-2932 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  17. Northern Virginia Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13640 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes This...

  18. Rutherford Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

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    1-800-521-0920 or 1-800-228-9756 or 1-800-228-5331 Outage Map: www.remc.comstorm-centerouta References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy...

  19. Western Massachusetts Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Button Access: Implemented Green Button Landing Page: www.wmeco.comResidential Green Button Reference Page: www.wmeco.comResidential References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  20. Cumberland Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.1060kWh Commercial: 0.1120kWh Industrial: 0.0733kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data...

  1. French perspective on diesel engines & emissions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    French perspective on diesel engines & emissions French perspective on diesel engines & emissions 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Aaqius & Aaqius PDF icon 2002_deer_nino.pdf More Documents & Publications Diesel Particulate Filters: Market Introducution in Europe Review of SCR Technologies for Diesel Emission Control: Euruopean Experience and Worldwide Perspectives Performance and durability of PSA Peugeot Citroen's DPF System on a Taxi Fleet in the Paris Area

  2. Stapled HIV-1 peptides recapitulate antigenic structures and engage broadly

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    neutralizing antibodies (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: Stapled HIV-1 peptides recapitulate antigenic structures and engage broadly neutralizing antibodies Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Stapled HIV-1 peptides recapitulate antigenic structures and engage broadly neutralizing antibodies Authors: Bird, Gregory H. ; Irimia, Adriana ; Ofek, Gilad ; Kwong, Peter D. ; Wilson, Ian A. ; Walensky , Loren D. [1] ; NIH) [2] ; Scripps) [2]

  3. Broad Distribution of Energetically Important Contacts across an Extended

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Protein Interface (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Broad Distribution of Energetically Important Contacts across an Extended Protein Interface Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Broad Distribution of Energetically Important Contacts across an Extended Protein Interface Infection of cells by HIV depends upon profound structural rearrangements within the trimeric viral protein gp41. Critical to this process is the formation of a six-helix bundle in which a set of three N-terminal

  4. The French Geological Repository Project Cigeo - 12023

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harman, Alain; Labalette, Thibaud; Dupuis, Marie-Claude; Ouzounian, Gerald [ANDRA, Chatenay-Malabry (France)

    2012-07-01

    The French Agency for Radioactive Waste Management, ANDRA, was launched by law in 1991 to perform and develop the research programme for managing high level and intermediate level long-lived radioactive waste generated by the French nuclear fleet. After a 15-year intensive research programme, including the study of alternative solutions, an overall review and assessment of the results was organized, including a national public debate. As a result, the Parliament passed a Planning Act on radioactive waste management in 2006. Commissioning of a geological repository by 2025 was one of the most important decisions taken at that time. To reach this goal, a license application must be submitted and reviewed by the competent authorities by 2015. A detailed review and consultation process is, as well, defined in the Planning Act. Beside the legal framework the project needs to progress on two fronts. The first one is on siting. A significant milestone was reached in 2009 with the definition of a defined area to locate the underground repository facilities. This area was approved in March 2010 by the Government, after having collected the opinions and positions of all the interested parties, at both National and local levels. A new phase of dialogue with local players began to refine the implementation scenarios of surface facilities. The final site selection will be approved after a public debate planned for 2013. The second one is the industrial organization, planning and costing. The industrial project of this geological repository was called Cigeo (Centre Industriel de Stockage Geologique). Given the amount of work to be done to comply with the given time framework, a detailed organization with well-defined milestones must be set-up. Cigeo will be a specific nuclear facility, built and operated underground for over a hundred years. The consequence of this long duration is that the development of the repository facilities will take place in successive operational phases. The characteristics of the first waste packages received will determine the work and the corresponding investments by 2025 on the repository site. One of the main challenges will be to accommodate both activities of mining and nuclear operations at the same time and at the same location. From the technical standpoint, ventilation and fire risk cannot be managed through a simple transposition from current nuclear industry practices. The reversibility demand also leads to concrete proposals with regard to repository management flexibility and waste package retrievability. These proposals contribute to the dialogue with stakeholders to prepare for the public debate and a future law which will determine the reversibility conditions. New design developments are expected to be introduced in the application from the current studies conducted until 2014. The possibility of optimization beyond 2015 will be kept open taking into account the one hundred years operating time as well as the capability to integrate feedback gained from the first construction and operation works. The industrial committed work aims to reach the application stage by 2015. The license application procedure was defined by the 2006 Act. Subject to authorization, the construction might begin in 2017. (authors)

  5. Ultrafast pulsed laser utilizing broad bandwidth laser glass

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Payne, S.A.; Hayden, J.S.

    1997-09-02

    An ultrafast laser uses a Nd-doped phosphate laser glass characterized by a particularly broad emission bandwidth to generate the shortest possible output pulses. The laser glass is composed primarily of P{sub 2}O{sub 5}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and MgO, and possesses physical and thermal properties that are compatible with standard melting and manufacturing methods. The broad bandwidth laser glass can be used in modelocked oscillators as well as in amplifier modules. 7 figs.

  6. Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Tuong, Viet (Seaford, VA); Dylla, III, Henry Frederick (Yorktown, VA)

    1997-01-01

    An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost.

  7. Broad area search for regions and objects of interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skurikhin, Alexei N; Pope, Paul A

    2011-01-12

    A quad chart provides an overview on the on-going project 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest' funded by the DOE Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development. Specifically, the quad chart shows: (1) Project title 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest'; (2) PI and Co-investigators; (3) Concept Panel outlining the project's approach built upon front-end scale-space image analysis; (4) Technical Challenges posed by the project, such as robustness, non-conformities, disparate spatial configuration and weak correlation between presence of objects of interest and low-level description of the surrounding geospatial background; and (5) Planned Accomplishment.

  8. Astroparticle physics with a customized low-background broad energy

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Germanium detector (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Astroparticle physics with a customized low-background broad energy Germanium detector Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Astroparticle physics with a customized low-background broad energy Germanium detector Authors: Aalseth, C. E. [1] ; Amman, M. [2] ; Avignone, F.T. III [3] ; Back, H.O. [4] ; Barabash, A.S. [5] ; Barbeau, P.S. [6] ; Bergevin, M. [2] ; Burritt [7] ; Busch, M. [8] ; Capps, Gregory L [9] ; Chan, Y-D [2] ;

  9. Ultra high vacuum broad band high power microwave window

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Tuong, V.; Dylla, H.F. III

    1997-11-04

    An improved high vacuum microwave window has been developed that utilizes high density polyethylene coated on two sides with SiOx, SiNx, or a combination of the two. The resultant low dielectric and low loss tangent window creates a low outgassing, low permeation seal through which broad band, high power microwave energy may be passed. No matching device is necessary and the sealing technique is simple. The features of the window are broad band transmission, ultra-high vacuum compatibility with a simple sealing technique, low voltage standing wave ratio, high power transmission and low cost. 5 figs.

  10. Broad-band characteristics of circular button pickups

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barry, W.C.

    1992-10-01

    A broad-band.theory of the circular button pickup is presented. Expressions for the longitudinal and transverse transfer impedance of a pair of such pickups are derived in the frequency domain. The broad-band expressions are shown to reduce to the standard electrostatic transfer functions for wavelengths large compared to the button diameter. The theory is shown to be in reasonable agreement with measurements performed on standard LEP button electrodes. In particular, the theory explains a resonance in the response of the LEP buttons which made them unsuitable, in standard form, for their intended application as pickups in the LBL Advanced Light Source feedback system. The buttons were modified to suppress the resonance and subsequently incorporated into the feedback system.

  11. MSET: An Early Warning System with Broad Industrial Application - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation Portal Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Energy Analysis Energy Analysis Find More Like This Return to Search MSET: An Early Warning System with Broad Industrial Application Argonne National Laboratory Contact ANL About This Technology MSET Fault Detection Algorithm MSET Fault Detection Algorithm Technology Marketing Summary The success of modern industries- especially those that are electricity-intensive-depends on complex engineering systems to ensure safe,

  12. NREL Teams with French Researchers - News Releases | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Teams with French Researchers NREL Director to Receive Recognition for Joint Research Efforts April 14, 2010 Two men seated at a table with others looking on. Attending the MOU signing were: Véronique Péquignat, International Manager, Rhone Alps Economic Development Agency; Hervé Fradet, Director, Rhône Alps Economic Development Agency; David E. Rodgers, Director, Strategic Energy Analysis, DOE/EERE; Ron Benioff, International Programs Manager, NREL; Daniel Harris, Minister Counselor

  13. Absolute calibration for a broad range single shot electron spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glinec, Y.; Faure, J.; Guemnie-Tafo, A.; Malka, V.; Monard, H.; Larbre, J. P.; De Waele, V.; Marignier, J. L.; Mostafavi, M.

    2006-10-15

    This article gives a detailed description of a single shot electron spectrometer which was used to characterize electron beams produced by laser-plasma interaction. Contrary to conventional electron sources, electron beams from laser-plasma accelerators can produce a broad range of energies. Therefore, diagnosing these electron spectra requires specific attention and experimental development. Here, we provide an absolute calibration of the Lanex Kodak Fine screen on a laser-triggered radio frequency picosecond electron accelerator. The efficiency of scintillating screens irradiated by electron beams has never been investigated so far. This absolute calibration is then compared to charge measurements from an integrating current transformer for quasimonoenergetic electron spectra from laser-plasma interaction.

  14. Method for detection and imaging over a broad spectral range

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yefremenko, Volodymyr (Westmont, IL); Gordiyenko, Eduard (Westmont, IL); Pishko, legal representative, Olga (Kharkov, UA); Novosad, Valentyn (Chicago, IL); Pishko, deceased; Vitalii (Westmont, IL)

    2007-09-25

    A method of controlling the coordinate sensitivity in a superconducting microbolometer employs localized light, heating or magnetic field effects to form normal or mixed state regions on a superconducting film and to control the spatial location. Electron beam lithography and wet chemical etching were applied as pattern transfer processes in epitaxial Y--Ba--Cu--O films. Two different sensor designs were tested: (i) a 3 millimeter long and 40 micrometer wide stripe and (ii) a 1.25 millimeters long, and 50 micron wide meandering-like structure. Scanning the laser beam along the stripe leads to physical displacement of the sensitive area, and, therefore, may be used as a basis for imaging over a broad spectral range. Forming the superconducting film as a meandering structure provides the equivalent of a two-dimensional detector array. Advantages of this approach are simplicity of detector fabrication, and simplicity of the read-out process requiring only two electrical terminals.

  15. Broad Band Intra-Cavity Total Reflection Chemical Sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pipino, Andrew C. R.

    1998-11-10

    A broadband, ultrahigh-sensitivity chemical sensor is provided that allows etection through utilization of a small, extremely low-loss, monolithic optical cavity. The cavity is fabricated from highly transparent optical material in the shape of a regular polygon with one or more convex facets to form a stable resonator for ray trajectories sustained by total internal reflection. Optical radiation enters and exits the monolithic cavity by photon tunneling in which two totally reflecting surfaces are brought into close proximity. In the presence of absorbing material, the loss per pass is increased since the evanescent waves that exist exterior to the cavity at points where the circulating pulse is totally reflected, are absorbed. The decay rate of an injected pulse is determined by coupling out an infinitesimal fraction of the pulse to produce an intensity-versus-time decay curve. Since the change in the decay rate resulting from absorption is inversely proportional to the magnitude of absorption, a quantitative sensor of concentration or absorption cross-section with 1 part-per-million/pass or better sensitivity is obtained. The broadband nature of total internal reflection permits a single device to be used over a broad wavelength range. The absorption spectrum of the surrounding medium can thereby be obtained as a measurement of inverse decay time as a function of wavelength.

  16. Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PlumasSierraREC Outage Hotline: (800) 555-2207 Outage Map: www.psrec.coopservice-area.ph References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  17. Golden Valley Elec Assn Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    36,891 1,877.823 13,175.914 6,327 8,171.591 69,159.555 448 14,556.482 111,832.096 43,666 2009-01 5,677.62 38,170.143 36,902 2,140.742 15,217.149 6,337 8,864.82 76,857.948 449...

  18. New York State Elec & Gas Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    76,528 8,823 123,751 1,276 219 2,550 4 97,366 787,691 737,183 2008-01 71,181 538,900 666,439 24,517 211,875 77,744 4,058 66,989 1,321 204 2,341 4 99,960 820,105 745,508...

  19. Navasota Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website: www.navasotavalley.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comnavasotavalley Outage Hotline: 1-800-443-9462 Outage Map: outages.navasotavalley.com:85 References: EIA...

  20. Central Florida Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Florida Phone Number: 1-800-227-1302 or 352-493-2511 Website: www.cfec.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-227-1302 or 352-493-2511 Outage Map: www.cfec.comoutage-mapsite...

  1. Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website: www.fallriverelectric.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comFallRiverREC Outage Hotline: 1.866.887.8442 (After Hours) Outage Map: outage.fallriverelectric.como...

  2. Mountain View Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Colorado Website: www.mvea.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comMVEAInc Outage Hotline: (800) 388-9881 Outage Map: outage.mvea.org References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  3. Columbia Basin Elec Cooperative, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Guadalupe Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

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  5. Houston County Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

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  6. Southern Indiana Gas & Elec Co | Open Energy Information

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    EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 17633 Utility Location Yes Ownership I...

  7. Calhoun County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

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    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesCalhoun-County-REC173498466069004?skwall Outage Hotline: 800-821-4879 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA Form...

  8. Maquoketa Valley Rrl Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Iowa Phone Number: 319-462-3542 or 800-927-6068 Website: mvec.com Twitter: @mvecia Facebook: https:www.facebook.comMaquoketaValleyElectricCooperative Outage Hotline:...

  9. Wright-Hennepin Coop Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3,398.952 34,434.725 40,549 1,975.209 23,239.907 4,920 388.083 5,035.346 51 5,762.244 62,709.978 45,520 2008-04 3,544.862 38,665.009 40,564 1,688.916 21,647.519 4,965 376.604...

  10. Arkansas Valley Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3,460 776 15,071 13 7,532 101,140 52,031 2009-01 5,376 71,871 48,524 794 11,779 3,462 709 14,853 13 6,879 98,503 51,999 2008-12 4,441 59,651 48,487 736 11,437 3,460 541 15,069...

  11. East River Elec Pwr Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  13. Southwest Iowa Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

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  14. Four County Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

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  15. Paulding-Putman Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  16. Northeast Texas Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  18. Northern Neck Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  1. Upshur Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

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  2. Jefferson Davis Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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    Data Utility Id 9682 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  3. Big Sandy Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

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  4. Butler County Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Iowa Phone Number: 888-267-2726 Website: www.butlerrec.coop Twitter: @ButlerCountyREC Facebook: https:www.facebook.combcrec Outage Hotline: 888-267-2726 Outage Map:...

  5. Osage Valley Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hours (618) 939-7171 or (800) 757-7433 or (866) 567-2759 Outage Map: ebill.mcec.orgomsoutageMap References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form...

  9. Roosevelt County Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3,749 3,650 146 1,178 965 1,478 13,978 1,594 2,017 18,905 6,209 2008-06 357 3,560 3,638 132 1,092 961 1,347 13,188 1,579 1,836 17,840 6,178 2008-05 292 2,856 3,639 128 1,070 964...

  10. Southern Pine Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    87,734 60,157 3,222 30,360 4,536 5,087 63,820 24 18,195 181,914 64,717 2008-05 6,897 62,132 60,058 2,887 27,862 4,522 4,430 56,228 24 14,214 146,222 64,604 2008-04 6,581 59,423...

  11. Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    9,647.445 93,322.028 60,225 3,117.42 30,825.248 8,207 692.763 8,259.846 11 13,457.628 132,407.122 68,443 2008-06 9,059.584 86,892.462 60,106 3,046.146 30,089.083 8,193 709.428...

  12. Duck River Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    10,355 1,290 21,368 18 13,312 170,739 70,025 2008-01 8,728 110,789 59,691 2,848 31,132 10,373 1,150 18,079 18 12,726 160,000 70,082 References "EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  13. Dakota Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1,101.081 16,334.085 5,106 390.564 6,162.524 588 1,168.972 25,110.935 332 2,660.617 47,607.544 6,026 2008-12 1,130.851 17,821.033 5,108 429.98 6,905.622 589 861.853 26,018.826...

  14. Verdigris Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 3,334 39,732 29,287 620 6,280 4,308 487 5,668 607 4,441 51,680 34,202 2009-02 3,065 36,726 29,285 456 4,469 4,299 405 4,606 607 3,926...

  15. Southern Indiana Gas & Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    104,006.182 18,545 11,514.897 200,402.234 101 33,244.465 421,608.6 146,543 2008-02 12,607.003 129,571.861 128,066 9,445.235 104,704.602 18,561 11,374.157 198,519.29 100...

  16. Jones-Onslow Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    56,736 2,076 24,111 4,679 10,879 107,097 61,415 2008-07 8,471 79,614 56,654 1,971 22,607 4,668 10,442 102,221 61,322 2008-06 6,356 61,755 56,244 1,774 20,036 4,651 8,130 81,791...

  17. RegIntlElecTrade_Eng_final.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    North America Regulation of International Electricity Trade prepared by North American Energy Working Group December 2002 2 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEW G) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of

  18. November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Development

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Resources | Department of Energy November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Development Resources November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Development Resources November 20, 2013 - 4:50pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (Western) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar,

  19. Competitive exclusion by autologous antibodies can prevent broad HIV-1 antibodies from arising

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Luo, Shishi; Perelson, Alan S.

    2015-08-31

    The past decade has seen the discovery of numerous broad and potent monoclonal antibodies against HIV type 1 (HIV-1). Eliciting these antibodies via vaccination appears to be remarkably difficult, not least because they arise late in infection and are highly mutated relative to germline antibody sequences. Here, using a computational model, we show that broad antibodies could in fact emerge earlier and be less mutated, but that they may be prevented from doing so as a result of competitive exclusion by the autologous antibody response. We further find that this competitive exclusion is weaker in infections founded by multiple distinctmore » strains, with broadly neutralizing antibodies emerging earlier than in infections founded by a single strain. Our computational model simulates coevolving multitype virus and antibody populations. Broadly neutralizing antibodies may therefore be easier for the adaptive immune system to generate than previously thought. As a result, if less mutated broad antibodies exist, it may be possible to elicit them with a vaccine containing a mixture of diverse virus strains.« less

  20. Competitive exclusion by autologous antibodies can prevent broad HIV-1 antibodies from arising

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Shishi; Perelson, Alan S.

    2015-08-31

    The past decade has seen the discovery of numerous broad and potent monoclonal antibodies against HIV type 1 (HIV-1). Eliciting these antibodies via vaccination appears to be remarkably difficult, not least because they arise late in infection and are highly mutated relative to germline antibody sequences. Here, using a computational model, we show that broad antibodies could in fact emerge earlier and be less mutated, but that they may be prevented from doing so as a result of competitive exclusion by the autologous antibody response. We further find that this competitive exclusion is weaker in infections founded by multiple distinct strains, with broadly neutralizing antibodies emerging earlier than in infections founded by a single strain. Our computational model simulates coevolving multitype virus and antibody populations. Broadly neutralizing antibodies may therefore be easier for the adaptive immune system to generate than previously thought. As a result, if less mutated broad antibodies exist, it may be possible to elicit them with a vaccine containing a mixture of diverse virus strains.

  1. D&D of the French High Enrichment Gaseous Diffusion Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BEHAR, Christophe; GUIBERTEAU, Philippe; DUPERRET, Bernard; TAUZIN, Claude

    2003-02-27

    This paper describes the D&D program that is being implemented at France's High Enrichment Gaseous Diffusion Plant, which was designed to supply France's Military with Highly Enriched Uranium. This plant was definitively shut down in June 1996, following French President Jacques Chirac's decision to end production of Highly Enriched Uranium and dismantle the corresponding facilities.

  2. Summary of Technical Meeting To Compare US/French Approaches for Physical Protection Test Beds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mack, Thomas Kimball; Martinez, Ruben; Thomas, Gerald; Palut, Jean-Michel

    2016-01-01

    In September 2015, representatives of the US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration, including test bed professionals from Sandia National Laboratories, and representatives of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission participated in a one-week workshop to share best practices in design, organization, operations, utilization, improvement, and performance testing of physical protection test beds. The intended workshop outcomes were to (1) share methods of improving respective test bed methodologies and programs and (2) prepare recommendations for standards regarding creating and operating testing facilities for nations new to nuclear operations. At the workshop, the French and American subject matter experts compared best practices as developed at their respective test bed sites; discussed access delay test bed considerations; and presented the limitations/ constraints of physical protection test beds.

  3. Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryskamp, J.M.; Liebenthal, J.L.; Denison, A.B.; Fletcher, C.D.

    1992-07-01

    This report describes the EG&G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, and descriptions of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.

  4. Safety requirements, facility user needs, and reactor concepts for a new Broad Application Test Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryskamp, J.M.; Liebenthal, J.L.; Denison, A.B.; Fletcher, C.D.

    1992-07-01

    This report describes the EG G Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD) Broad Application Test Reactor (BATR) Project that was conducted in fiscal year 1991. The scope of this project was divided into three phases: a project process definition phase, a requirements development phase, and a preconceptual reactor design and evaluation phase. Multidisciplinary teams of experts conducted each phase. This report presents the need for a new test reactor, the project process definition, a set of current and projected regulatory compliance and safety requirements, a set of facility user needs for a broad range of projected testing missions, and descriptions of reactor concepts capable of meeting these requirements. This information can be applied to strategic planning to provide the Department of Energy with management options.

  5. Broad Overview of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Opportunities for Department of Defense Installations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Broad Overview of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Opportunities for Department of Defense Installations E. Anderson, M. Antkowiak, R. Butt, J. Davis, J. Dean, M. Hillesheim, E. Hotchkiss, R. Hunsberger, A. Kandt, J. Lund, K. Massey, R. Robichaud, B. Stafford, and C. Visser Produced under direction of the Strategic Environmental Research and Developmental Program for the U.S. Department of Defense by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Interagency Agreement IAG-10-1779

  6. Microsoft Word - NETL-TRS-2-2015_CSIL_BroadImpacts.final.20150219.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spatio-Temporal Approach to Analyze Broad Risks and Potential Impacts Associated with Uncontrolled Hydrocarbon Release Events in the Offshore Gulf of Mexico 19 February 2015 Office of Fossil Energy NETL-TRS-2-2015 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or

  7. Linkage analysis of 19 French breast cancer families, with five chromosome 17q markers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazoyer, S.; Jamot, B.; Sobol, H. ); Lalle, P.; Bignon, Y.J.; Courjal, F. ); Narod, S.A. ); Dutrillaux, B.; Stoppa-Lyonnet, D. )

    1993-04-01

    Nineteen French breast and breast-ovarian cancer families were tested for linkage with five chromosome 17q markers. The five breast-ovarian cancer families as a group give positive evidence for linkage, whereas the 14 breast cancer-only families do not. Heterogeneity of linkage of breast and breast-ovarian cancers is significant in France and supports the existence of more than one susceptibility gene. 15 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. V-shaped resonators for addition of broad-area laser diode arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, Bo; Liu, Yun; Braiman, Yehuda Y.

    2012-12-25

    A system and method for addition of broad-area semiconductor laser diode arrays are described. The system can include an array of laser diodes, a V-shaped external cavity, and grating systems to provide feedback for phase-locking of the laser diode array. A V-shaped mirror used to couple the laser diode emissions along two optical paths can be a V-shaped prism mirror, a V-shaped stepped mirror or include multiple V-shaped micro-mirrors. The V-shaped external cavity can be a ring cavity. The system can include an external injection laser to further improve coherence and phase-locking.

  9. Dual-etalon cavity ring-down frequency-comb spectroscopy with broad band light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chandler, David W; Strecker, Kevin E

    2014-04-01

    In an embodiment, a dual-etalon cavity-ring-down frequency-comb spectrometer system is described. A broad band light source is split into two beams. One beam travels through a first etalon and a sample under test, while the other beam travels through a second etalon, and the two beams are recombined onto a single detector. If the free spectral ranges ("FSR") of the two etalons are not identical, the interference pattern at the detector will consist of a series of beat frequencies. By monitoring these beat frequencies, optical frequencies where light is absorbed may be determined.

  10. The lick AGN monitoring project 2011: Fe II reverberation from the outer broad-line region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barth, Aaron J.; Cooper, Michael C.; Pancoast, Anna; Treu, Tommaso; Bennert, Vardha N.; Brewer, Brendon J.; Canalizo, Gabriela; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Li, Weidong; Cenko, S. Bradley; Clubb, Kelsey I.; Gates, Elinor L.; Greene, Jenny E.; Malkan, Matthew A.; Sand, David J.; Stern, Daniel; Assef, Roberto J.; Woo, Jong-Hak; Bae, Hyun-Jin; Buehler, Tabitha; and others

    2013-06-01

    The prominent broad Fe II emission blends in the spectra of active galactic nuclei have been shown to vary in response to continuum variations, but past attempts to measure the reverberation lag time of the optical Fe II lines have met with only limited success. Here we report the detection of Fe II reverberation in two Seyfert 1 galaxies, NGC 4593 and Mrk 1511, based on data from a program carried out at Lick Observatory in Spring 2011. Light curves for emission lines including H? and Fe II were measured by applying a fitting routine to decompose the spectra into several continuum and emission-line components, and we use cross-correlation techniques to determine the reverberation lags of the emission lines relative to V-band light curves. In both cases, the measured lag (?{sub cen}) of Fe II is longer than that of H?, although the inferred lags are somewhat sensitive to the choice of Fe II template used in the fit. For spectral decompositions done using the Fe II template of Vron-Cetty et al., we find ?{sub cen}(Fe II)/?{sub cen}(H?) = 1.9 0.6 in NGC 4593 and 1.5 0.3 in Mrk 1511. The detection of highly correlated variations between Fe II and continuum emission demonstrates that the Fe II emission in these galaxies originates in photoionized gas, located predominantly in the outer portion of the broad-line region.

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - 4a-Revitalization Conf2014REVFINAL-Hanford-French

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    How DOE and the Tri Cities Community are Working to Redefine Hanford's Post-Cleanup Future Colleen French DOE Richland Operations Office Government Programs Manager 2 Hanford * Hanford was created in 1943 as part of the top secret Manhattan Project * 586 square miles * Production of plutonium increased during Cold War (peaking between 1959-1965) * Hanford produced 2/3 of the nation's plutonium between 1945-1985 * Home to the first full-scale nuclear produc on reactor - the B Reactor, now a

  12. Scott French

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory, his research focused on full-waveform seismic imaging of the earth's interior at the scale of the entire globe. He has been a NERSC...

  13. Results on the Performance of a Broad Band Focussing Cherenkov Counter

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Cester, R.; Fitch, V. L.; Montag, A.; Sherman, S.; Webb, R. C.; Witherell, M. S.

    1980-01-01

    The field of ring imaging (broad band differential) Cherenkov detectors has become a very active area of interest in detector development at several high energy physics laboratories. Our group has previously reported on a method of Cherenkov ring imaging for a counter with large momentum and angular acceptance using standard photo multipliers. Recently, we have applied this technique to the design of a set of Cherenkov counters for use in a particle search experiment at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL). This new detector operates over the range 0.998 < ..beta.. < 1.000 in velocity with a delta..beta.. approx. 2 x 10{sup -4}. The acceptance in angle is +- 14 mrad in the horizontal and +- 28 mrad in the vertical. We report here on the performance of this counter.

  14. BROAD-LINE REVERBERATION IN THE KEPLER-FIELD SEYFERT GALAXY Zw 229-015

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barth, Aaron J.; Nguyen, My L.; Malkan, Matthew A.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Li, Weidong; Cenko, S. Bradley; Choi, Jieun; Duchene, Gaspard; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Gorjian, Varoujan; Joner, Michael D.; Bennert, Vardha Nicola; Botyanszki, Janos; Childress, Michael; Cucciara, Antonino; Comerford, Julia M.; Da Silva, Robert; Gates, Elinor L.; Gerke, Brian F.

    2011-05-10

    The Seyfert 1 galaxy Zw 229-015 is among the brightest active galaxies being monitored by the Kepler mission. In order to determine the black hole mass in Zw 229-015 from H{beta} reverberation mapping, we have carried out nightly observations with the Kast Spectrograph at the Lick 3 m telescope during the dark runs from 2010 June through December, obtaining 54 spectroscopic observations in total. We have also obtained nightly V-band imaging with the Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope at Lick Observatory and with the 0.9 m telescope at the Brigham Young University West Mountain Observatory over the same period. We detect strong variability in the source, which exhibited more than a factor of two change in broad H{beta} flux. From cross-correlation measurements, we find that the H{beta} light curve has a rest-frame lag of 3.86{sup +0.69}{sub -0.90} days with respect to the V-band continuum variations. We also measure reverberation lags for H{alpha} and H{gamma} and find an upper limit to the H{delta} lag. Combining the H{beta} lag measurement with a broad H{beta} width of {sigma}{sub line} = 1590 {+-} 47 km s{sup -1} measured from the rms variability spectrum, we obtain a virial estimate of M{sub BH} = 1.00{sup +0.19}{sub -0.24} x 10{sup 7} M{sub sun} for the black hole in Zw 229-015. As a Kepler target, Zw 229-015 will eventually have one of the highest-quality optical light curves ever measured for any active galaxy, and the black hole mass determined from reverberation mapping will serve as a benchmark for testing relationships between black hole mass and continuum variability characteristics in active galactic nuclei.

  15. BROAD Ly{alpha} EMISSION FROM THREE NEARBY BL LACERTAE OBJECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stocke, John T.; Danforth, Charles W. [CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Perlman, Eric S., E-mail: danforth@casa.colorado.edu, E-mail: stocke@casa.colorado.edu, E-mail: eperlman@fit.edu [Florida Institute of Technology, Physics and Space Sciences Department, 150 West University Boulevard, Melbourne, FL 32901 (United States)

    2011-05-10

    We present far-UV HST/COS spectra of four nearby BL Lac objects. BL Lac spectra are dominated by a smooth, power-law continuum which arises in a relativistic jet. However, the spectra are not necessarily featureless; weak, broad- and/or narrow-line emission is sometimes seen in high-quality optical spectra. We present detections of Ly{alpha} emission in HST/COS spectra of Mrk 421 (z = 0.030) and PKS 2005-489 (z = 0.071) as well as an archival HST/GHRS observation of Mrk 501 (z = 0.0337). Archival HST/STIS observations of PKS 2155-304 (z = 0.116) show no Ly{alpha} emission to a very low upper limit. Using the assumption that the broad-line region (BLR) clouds are symmetrically placed around the active galactic nucleus (AGN), we use these measured Ly{alpha} emission features to constrain either the relativistic {Gamma} values for the ionizing continuum produced by the jet (in the ionization-bounded case) or the mass of warm gas (in the density-bounded case). While realistic {Gamma} values can be obtained for all four cases, the values for Mrk 421 and PKS 2155-304 are high enough to suggest that covering factors of BLR clouds of {approx}1%-2% might be required to provide consistency with earlier values of Doppler boosting and viewing angles suggested for this class of BL Lacs. This discrepancy also exists in the case of M 87, where the amount of Doppler boosting in our direction is expected to be minimal, again suggestive of a small covering factor of BLR clouds. If, as these small covering factors might suggest, the assumptions of a density-bounded model could be more correct, then the observed Ly{alpha} luminosities require that BL Lac/FR 1 nuclei possess very little warm gas (10{sup -4} to 10{sup -5} M{sub sun}) as suggested by Guilbert et al. If these clouds are in pressure balance with a hotter ({approx}10{sup 6} K) gas, the BLR contains too little mass to power the AGN by accretion alone.

  16. Study of transmission line attenuation in broad band millimeter wave frequency range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandya, Hitesh Kumar B.; Austin, M. E.; Ellis, R. F.

    2013-10-15

    Broad band millimeter wave transmission lines are used in fusion plasma diagnostics such as electron cyclotron emission (ECE), electron cyclotron absorption, reflectometry and interferometry systems. In particular, the ECE diagnostic for ITER will require efficient transmission over an ultra wide band, 100 to 1000 GHz. A circular corrugated waveguide transmission line is a prospective candidate to transmit such wide band with low attenuation. To evaluate this system, experiments of transmission line attenuation were performed and compared with theoretical loss calculations. A millimeter wave Michelson interferometer and a liquid nitrogen black body source are used to perform all the experiments. Atmospheric water vapor lines and continuum absorption within this band are reported. Ohmic attenuation in corrugated waveguide is very low; however, there is Bragg scattering and higher order mode conversion that can cause significant attenuation in this transmission line. The attenuation due to miter bends, gaps, joints, and curvature are estimated. The measured attenuation of 15 m length with seven miter bends and eighteen joints is 1 dB at low frequency (300 GHz) and 10 dB at high frequency (900 GHz), respectively.

  17. Astroparticle physics with a customized low-background broad energy Germanium detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalseth, Craig E.; Amman, M.; Avignone, Frank T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Barbeau, P. S.; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Bugg, William; Burritt, Tom H.; Busch, Matthew; Capps, Greg L.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Collar, J. I.; Cooper, R. J.; Creswick, R.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Diaz, J.; Doe, Peter J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Ely, James H.; Esterline, James H.; Farach, H. A.; Fast, James E.; Fields, N.; Finnerty, P.; Fujikawa, Brian; Fuller, Erin S.; Gehman, Victor M.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Harper, Gregory; Hazama, R.; Henning, Reyco; Hime, Andrew; Hoppe, Eric W.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Howe, M. A.; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Keillor, Martin E.; Keller, C.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; Kidd, Mary; Knecht, A.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; Luke, P.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Martin, R. D.; Mei, Dong-Ming; Miley, Harry S.; Miller, M. L.; Mizouni, Leila; Myers, Allan W.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Peterson, David; Phillips, D.; Poon, Alan; Prior, Gersende; Qian, J.; Radford, D. C.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Rodriguez, Larry; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P.; Salazar, Harold; Schubert, Alexis G.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Steele, David; Strain, J.; Swift, Gary; Thomas, K.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, W.; Van Wechel, T. D.; Vanyushin, I.; Varner, R. L.; Vetter, Kai; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wolfe, B. A.; Xiang, W.; Yakushev, E.; Yaver, Harold; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir; Zhang, C.; Zimmerman, S.

    2011-10-01

    The Majorana Collaboration is building the Majorana Demonstrator, a 60 kg array of high purity germanium detectors housed in an ultra-low background shield at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The Majorana Demonstrator will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge while demonstrating the feasibility of a tonne-scale experiment. It may also carry out a dark matter search in the 1-10 GeV/c mass range. We have found that customized Broad Energy Germanium (BEGe) detectors produced by Canberra have several desirable features for a neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment, including low electronic noise, excellent pulse shape analysis capabilities, and simple fabrication. We have deployed a customized BEGe, the Majorana Low-Background BEGe at Kimballton (MALBEK), in a low-background cryostat and shield at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility in Virginia. This paper will focus on the detector characteristics and measurements that can be performed with such a radiation detector in a low-background environment.

  18. Personal glucose meters for detection and quantification of a broad range of analytes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Yi; Xiang, Yu

    2015-02-03

    A general methodology for the development of highly sensitive and selective sensors that can achieve portable, low-cost and quantitative detection of a broad range of targets using only a personal glucose meter (PGM) is disclosed. The method uses recognition molecules that are specific for a target agent, enzymes that can convert an enzyme substrate into glucose, and PGM. Also provided are sensors, which can include a solid support to which is attached a recognition molecule that permits detection of a target agent, wherein the recognition molecule specifically binds to the target agent in the presence of the target agent but not significantly to other agents as well as an enzyme that can catalyze the conversion of a substance into glucose, wherein the enzyme is attached directly or indirectly to the recognition molecule, and wherein in the presence of the target agent the enzyme can convert the substance into glucose. The disclosed sensors can be part of a lateral flow device. Methods of using such sensors for detecting target agents are also provided.

  19. Endovascular Broad-Neck Aneurysm Creation in a Porcine Model Using a Vascular Plug

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muehlenbruch, Georg Nikoubashman, Omid; Steffen, Bjoern; Dadak, Mete; Palmowski, Moritz; Wiesmann, Martin

    2013-02-15

    Ruptured cerebral arterial aneurysms require prompt treatment by either surgical clipping or endovascular coiling. Training for these sophisticated endovascular procedures is essential and ideally performed in animals before their use in humans. Simulators and established animal models have shown drawbacks with respect to degree of reality, size of the animal model and aneurysm, or time and effort needed for aneurysm creation. We therefore aimed to establish a realistic and readily available aneurysm model. Five anticoagulated domestic pigs underwent endovascular intervention through right femoral access. A total of 12 broad-neck aneurysms were created in the carotid, subclavian, and renal arteries using the Amplatzer vascular plug. With dedicated vessel selection, cubic, tubular, and side-branch aneurysms could be created. Three of the 12 implanted occluders, two of them implanted over a side branch of the main vessel, did not induce complete vessel occlusion. However, all aneurysms remained free of intraluminal thrombus formation and were available for embolization training during a surveillance period of 6 h. Two aneurysms underwent successful exemplary treatment: one was stent-assisted, and one was performed with conventional endovascular coil embolization. The new porcine aneurysm model proved to be a straightforward approach that offers a wide range of training and scientific applications that might help further improve endovascular coil embolization therapy in patients with cerebral aneurysms.

  20. An Information Building on Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy for the French CEA Cadarache Research Center - 13492

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brunel, Guy; Denis, Dominique; Boulet, Alain

    2013-07-01

    The CEA Cadarache research center is one of the 10 research centers of the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). Distributed throughout various research platforms, it focuses on nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, new energy technologies (hydrogen, solar, biomass) and fundamental research in the field of vegetal biology. It is the most important technological research and development centers for energy in Europe. Considering the sensitive nature of nuclear activities, the questions surrounding the issue of radioactive waste, the nuclear energy and the social, economic and environmental concerns for present and future generations, the French Government asked nuclear actors to open communication and to give all the information asked by the Local Information Commission (CLI) and the public [1]. In this context, the CEA Cadarache has decided to better show and explain its expertise and experience in the area of nuclear energy and nuclear power plant design, and to make it available to stakeholders and to the public. CEA Cadarache receives each year more than 9000 visitors. To complete technical visits of the research facilities and laboratories, a scientific cultural center has been built in 2011 to inform the public on CEA Cadarache research activities and to facilitate the acceptance of nuclear energy in a way suited to the level of knowledge of the visitors. A modern interactive exhibition of 150 m{sup 2} allows visitors to find out more about energy, CEA Cadarache research programs, radioactive waste management and radiological impact on the research center activities. It also offers an auditorium for group discussions and for school groups to discover science through enjoyment. This communication center has received several thousand visitors since its opening on October 2011; the initial results of this experience are now available. It's possible to explain the design of this exhibition, to give some statistics on the number of the visitors, their characteristics and their perception after their center visits. (authors)

  1. The Broad-band X-ray Spectrum of IC 4329A from a Joint NuSTAR/Suzaku

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Observation (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect The Broad-band X-ray Spectrum of IC 4329A from a Joint NuSTAR/Suzaku Observation Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Broad-band X-ray Spectrum of IC 4329A from a Joint NuSTAR/Suzaku Observation Authors: Brenneman, L. W. ; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. ; Madejski, G. ; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC ; Fuerst, F. ; /Caltech ; Matt, G. ; /Rome III U. ; Elvis, M. ; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. ; Harrison, F. A. ; /Caltech ;

  2. Evidence for active galactic nucleus feedback in the broad absorption lines and reddening of MRK 231 {sup ,}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leighly, Karen M.; Baron, Eddie; Lucy, Adrian B. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Terndrup, Donald M. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Dietrich, Matthias [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Clippinger Labs 251B, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Gallagher, Sarah C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2014-06-20

    We present the first J-band spectrum of Mrk 231, which reveals a large He I* ?10830 broad absorption line with a profile similar to that of the well-known Na I broad absorption line. Combining this spectrum with optical and UV spectra from the literature, we show that the unusual reddening noted by Veilleux et al. is explained by a reddening curve like those previously used to explain low values of total-to-selective extinction in Type Ia supernovae. The nuclear starburst may be the origin and location of the dust. Spatially resolved emission in the broad absorption line trough suggests nearly full coverage of the continuum emission region. The broad absorption lines reveal higher velocities in the He I* lines (produced in the quasar-photoionized H II region) compared with the Na I and Ca II lines (produced in the corresponding partially ionized zone). Cloudy simulations show that a density increase is required between the H II and partially ionized zones to produce ionic column densities consistent with the optical and IR absorption line measurements and limits, and that the absorber lies ?100 pc from the central engine. These results suggest that the He I* lines are produced in an ordinary quasar BAL wind that impacts upon, compresses, and accelerates the nuclear starburst's dusty effluent (feedback in action), and the Ca II and Na I lines are produced in this dusty accelerated gas. This unusual circumstance explains the rarity of Na I absorption lines; without the compression along our line of sight, Mrk 231 would appear as an ordinary iron low-ionization, broad absorption line quasar.

  3. Refractory oxide hosts for a high power, broadly tunable laser with high quantum efficiency and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Yok; Gonzalez, Roberto

    1986-01-01

    Refractory oxide crystals having high-quantum efficiency and high thermal stability for use as broadly tunable laser host materials. The crystals are formed by removing hydrogen from a single crystal of the oxide material to a level below about 10.sup.12 protons per cm.sup.3 and subsequently thermochemically reducing the oxygen content of the crystal to form sufficient oxygen anion vacancies so that short-lived F.sup.+ luminescence is produced when the crystal is optically excited.

  4. Refractory oxide hosts for a high power, broadly tunable laser with high quantum efficiency and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Yok; Gonzalez, R.

    1985-07-03

    Refractory oxide crystals having high-quantum efficiency and high thermal stability for use as broadly tunable laser host materials. The crystals are formed by removing hydrogen from a single crystal of the oxide material to a level below about 10/sup 12/ protons per cm/sup 3/ and subsequently thermochemically reducing the oxygen content of the crystal to form sufficient oxygen anion vacancies so that short-lived F/sup +/ luminescence is produced when the crystal is optically excited.

  5. Structural geology of the French Peak accommodation zone, Nevada Test Site, southwestern Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hudson, M.R.

    1997-12-31

    The French Peak accommodation zone (FPAZ) forms an east-trending bedrock structural high in the Nevada Test Site region of southwestern Nevada that formed during Cenozoic Basin and Range extension. The zone separates areas of opposing directions of tilt and downthrow on faults in the Yucca Flat and Frenchman Flat areas. Paleomagnetic data show that rocks within the accommodation zone adjacent to Yucca Flat were not strongly affected by vertical-axis rotation and thus that the transverse strikes of fault and strata formed near their present orientation. Both normal- and oblique strike-slip faulting in the FPAZ largely occurred under a normal-fault stress regime, with least principal stress oriented west-northwest. The normal and sinistral faults in the Puddle Peka segment transfers extension between the Plutonium Valley normal fault zone and the Cane Spring sinistral fault. Recognition of sinistral shear across the Puddle Peak segment allows the Frenchman Flat basin to be interpreted as an asymmetric pull-apart basin developed between the FPAZ and a zone of east-northeast-striking faults to the south that include the Rock Valley fault. The FPAZ has the potential to influence ground-water flow in the region in several ways. Fracture density and thus probably fracture conductivity is high within the FPAZ due to the abundant fault splays present. Moreover,, fractures oriented transversely to the general southward flow of ground water through Yucca Flat area are significant and have potential to laterally divert ground water. Finally, the FPAZ forms a faulted structural high whose northern and southern flanks may permit intermixing of ground waters from different aquifer levels, namely the lower carbonate, welded tuff, and alluvial aquifers. 42 refs.

  6. Single-epoch black hole mass estimators for broad-line active galactic nuclei: recalibrating H? with a new approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, Hua; Li, Hong [Department of Engineering Physics and Center for Astrophysics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Shen, Yue [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)

    2014-10-10

    Based on an updated H? reverberation mapping (RM) sample of 44 nearby active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we propose a novel approach for black hole (BH) mass estimation using two filtered luminosities computed from single-epoch (SE) AGN spectra around the H? region. We found that the two optimal-filter luminosities extract virial information (size and virial velocity of the broad-line region, BLR) from the spectra, justifying their usage in this empirical BH mass estimator. The major advantages of this new recipe over traditional SE BH mass estimators utilizing continuum luminosity and broad-line width are (1) it has a smaller intrinsic scatter of 0.28 dex calibrated against RM masses, (2) it is extremely simple to use in practice, without any need to decompose the spectrum, and (3) it produces unambiguous and highly repeatable results even with low signal-to-noise spectra. The combination of the two luminosities can also cancel out, to some extent, systematic luminosity errors potentially introduced by uncertainties in distance or flux calibration. In addition, we recalibrated the traditional SE mass estimators using broad H? FWHM and monochromatic continuum luminosity at 5100 (L {sub 5100}). We found that using the best-fit slopes on FWHM and L {sub 5100} (derived from fitting the BLR radius-luminosity relation and the correlation between rms line dispersion and SE FWHM, respectively) rather than simple assumptions (e.g., 0.5 for L {sub 5100} and 2 for FWHM) leads to more precise SE mass estimates, improving the intrinsic scatter from 0.41 dex to 0.36 dex with respect to the RM masses. We compared different estimators and discussed their applications to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey quasar sample. Due to the limitations of the current RM sample, application of any SE recipe calibrated against RM masses to distant quasars should be treated with caution.

  7. Environmental impacts of residual Municipal Solid Waste incineration: A comparison of 110 French incinerators using a life cycle approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beylot, Antoine Villeneuve, Jacques

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: 110 French incinerators are compared with LCA based on plant-specific data. Environmental impacts vary as a function of plants energy recovery and NO{sub x} emissions. E.g. climate change impact ranges from ?58 to 408 kg CO{sub 2}-eq/tonne of residual MSW. Implications for LCA of waste management in a decision-making process are detailed. - Abstract: Incineration is the main option for residual Municipal Solid Waste treatment in France. This study compares the environmental performances of 110 French incinerators (i.e. 85% of the total number of plants currently in activity in France) in a Life Cycle Assessment perspective, considering 5 non-toxic impact categories: climate change, photochemical oxidant formation, particulate matter formation, terrestrial acidification and marine eutrophication. Mean, median and lower/upper impact potentials are determined considering the incineration of 1 tonne of French residual Municipal Solid Waste. The results highlight the relatively large variability of the impact potentials as a function of the plant technical performances. In particular, the climate change impact potential of the incineration of 1 tonne of waste ranges from a benefit of ?58 kg CO{sub 2}-eq to a relatively large burden of 408 kg CO{sub 2}-eq, with 294 kg CO{sub 2}-eq as the average impact. Two main plant-specific parameters drive the impact potentials regarding the 5 non-toxic impact categories under study: the energy recovery and delivery rate and the NO{sub x} process-specific emissions. The variability of the impact potentials as a function of incinerator characteristics therefore calls for the use of site-specific data when required by the LCA goal and scope definition phase, in particular when the study focuses on a specific incinerator or on a local waste management plan, and when these data are available.

  8. Nucleotide sequence of a chromosomal mercury resistance determinant from a Bacillus sp. with broad-spectrum mercury resistance. [Mercury reductase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y.; Levinson, H.S.; Mahler, I. ); Moore, M.; Walsh, C. ); Silver, S. )

    1989-01-01

    A 13.5-kilobase HindIII fragment, bearing an intact mercury resistance (mer) operon, was isolated from chromosomal DNA of broad-spectrum mercury-resistant Bacillus sp. strain RC607 by using as a probe a clone containing the mercury reductase (merA) gene. The new clone, pYW33, expressed broad-spectrum mercury resistance both in Escherichia coli and in Bacillus subtilis, but only in B. subtilis was the mercuric reductase activity inducible. Sequencing of a 1.8-kilobase mercury hypersensitivity-producing fragment revealed four open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1 may code for a regulatory protein (MerR). ORF2 and ORF4 were associated with cellular transport function and the hypersensitivity phenotype. DNA fragments encompassing the merA and the merB genes were sequenced. The predicted Bacillus sp. strain RC607 MerA (mercuric reductase) and MerB (organomercurial lyase) were similar to those predicted from Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pI258 (67 and 73% amino acid identities, respectively); however, only 40% of the amino acid residues of RC607 MerA were identical to those of the mercuric reductase from gram-negative bacteria. A 69-kilodalton polypeptide was isolated and identified as the merA gene product by examination of its amino-terminal sequence.

  9. Broad beam ion implanter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

    1996-01-01

    An ion implantation device for creating a large diameter, homogeneous, ion beam is described, as well as a method for creating same, wherein the device is characterized by extraction of a diverging ion beam and its conversion by ion beam optics to an essentially parallel ion beam. The device comprises a plasma or ion source, an anode and exit aperture, an extraction electrode, a divergence-limiting electrode and an acceleration electrode, as well as the means for connecting a voltage supply to the electrodes.

  10. Broad spectrum solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA); Wu, Junqiao (Richmond, CA); Schaff, William J. (Ithaca, NY)

    2007-05-15

    An alloy having a large band gap range is used in a multijunction solar cell to enhance utilization of the solar energy spectrum. In one embodiment, the alloy is In.sub.1-xGa.sub.xN having an energy bandgap range of approximately 0.7 eV to 3.4 eV, providing a good match to the solar energy spectrum. Multiple junctions having different bandgaps are stacked to form a solar cell. Each junction may have different bandgaps (realized by varying the alloy composition), and therefore be responsive to different parts of the spectrum. The junctions are stacked in such a manner that some bands of light pass through upper junctions to lower junctions that are responsive to such bands.

  11. High-resolution line-shape spectroscopy during a laser pulse based on Dual-Broad-Band-CARS interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vereschagin, Konstantin A; Vereschagin, Alexey K; Smirnov, Valery V; Stelmakh, O M; Fabelinskii, V I; Clauss, W; Klimenko, D N; Oschwald, M E-mail: Al_Vereshchagin@mail.r E-mail: stelmakh@kapella.gpi.r

    2006-07-31

    A high-resolution spectroscopic method is developed for recording Raman spectra of molecular transitions in transient objects during a laser pulse with a resolution of {approx}0.1 cm{sup -1}. The method is based on CARS spectroscopy using a Fabry-Perot interferometer for spectral analysis of the CARS signal and detecting a circular interferometric pattern on a two-dimensional multichannel photodetector. It is shown that the use of the Dual-Broad-Band-CARS configuration to obtain the CARS process provides the efficient averaging of the spectral-amplitude noise of the CARS signal generated by a laser pulse and, in combination with the angular integration of the two-dimensional interference pattern, considerably improves the quality of interferograms. The method was tested upon diagnostics of the transient oxygen-hydrogen flame where information on the shapes of spectral lines of the Q-branch of hydrogen molecules required for measuring temperature was simultaneously obtained and used. (special issue devoted to the 90th anniversary of a.m. prokhorov)

  12. Experimental investigation of factors limiting slow axis beam quality in 9xx nm high power broad area diode lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winterfeldt, M. Crump, P.; Wenzel, H.; Erbert, G.; Trnkle, G.

    2014-08-14

    GaAs-based broad-area diode lasers are needed with improved lateral beam parameter product (BPP{sub lat}) at high power. An experimental study of the factors limiting BPP{sub lat} is therefore presented, using extreme double-asymmetric (EDAS) vertical structures emitting at 910?nm. Continuous wave, pulsed and polarization-resolved measurements are presented and compared to thermal simulation. The importance of thermal and packaging-induced effects is determined by comparing junction -up and -down devices. Process factors are clarified by comparing diodes with and without index-guiding trenches. We show that in all cases studied, BPP{sub lat} is limited by a non-thermal BPP ground-level and a thermal BPP, which depends linearly on self-heating. Measurements as a function of pulse width confirm that self-heating rather than bias-level dominates. Diodes without trenches show low BPP ground-level, and a thermal BPP which depends strongly on mounting, due to changes in the temperature profile. The additional lateral guiding in diodes with trenches strongly increases the BPP ground-level, but optically isolates the stripe from the device edges, suppressing the influence of the thermal profile, leading to a BPP-slope that is low and independent of mounting. Trenches are also shown to initiate strain fields that cause parasitic TM-polarized emission with large BPP{sub lat}, whose influence on total BPP{sub lat} remains small, provided the overall polarization purity is >95%.

  13. Reducing Onshore Natural Gas and Oil Exploration and Production Impacts Using a Broad-Based Stakeholder Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amy Childers

    2011-03-30

    Never before has the reduction of oil and gas exploration and production impacts been as important as it is today for operators, regulators, non-governmental organizations and individual landowners. Collectively, these stakeholders are keenly interested in the potential benefits from implementing effective environmental impact reducing technologies and practices. This research project strived to gain input and insight from such a broad array of stakeholders in order to identify approaches with the potential to satisfy their diverse objectives. The research team examined three of the most vital issue categories facing onshore domestic production today: (1) surface damages including development in urbanized areas, (2) impacts to wildlife (specifically greater sage grouse), and (3) air pollution, including its potential contribution to global climate change. The result of the research project is a LINGO (Low Impact Natural Gas and Oil) handbook outlining approaches aimed at avoiding, minimizing, or mitigating environmental impacts. The handbook identifies technical solutions and approaches which can be implemented in a practical and feasible manner to simultaneously achieve a legitimate balance between environmental protection and fluid mineral development. It is anticipated that the results of this research will facilitate informed planning and decision making by management agencies as well as producers of oil and natural gas. In 2008, a supplemental task was added for the researchers to undertake a 'Basin Initiative Study' that examines undeveloped and/or underdeveloped oil and natural gas resources on a regional or geologic basin scope to stimulate more widespread awareness and development of domestic resources. Researchers assessed multi-state basins (or plays), exploring state initiatives, state-industry partnerships and developing strategies to increase U.S. oil and gas supplies while accomplishing regional economic and environmental goals.

  14. THE LICK AGN MONITORING PROJECT 2011: DYNAMICAL MODELING OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN Mrk 50

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pancoast, Anna; Brewer, Brendon J.; Treu, Tommaso; Bennert, Vardha N.; Sand, David J.; Barth, Aaron J.; Cooper, Michael C.; Canalizo, Gabriela; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Li, Weidong; Cenko, S. Bradley; Clubb, Kelsey I.; Gates, Elinor L.; Greene, Jenny E.; Malkan, Matthew A.; Stern, Daniel; Assef, Roberto J.; Woo, Jong-Hak; Bae, Hyun-Jin; Buehler, Tabitha; and others

    2012-07-20

    We present dynamical modeling of the broad-line region (BLR) in the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 50 using reverberation mapping data taken as part of the Lick AGN Monitoring Project (LAMP) 2011. We model the reverberation mapping data directly, constraining the geometry and kinematics of the BLR, as well as deriving a black hole mass estimate that does not depend on a normalizing factor or virial coefficient. We find that the geometry of the BLR in Mrk 50 is a nearly face-on thick disk, with a mean radius of 9.6{sup +1.2}{sub -0.9} light days, a width of the BLR of 6.9{sup +1.2}{sub -1.1} light days, and a disk opening angle of 25 {+-} 10 deg above the plane. We also constrain the inclination angle to be 9{sup +7}{sub -5} deg, close to face-on. Finally, the black hole mass of Mrk 50 is inferred to be log{sub 10}(M{sub BH}/M{sub Sun }) = 7.57{sup +0.44}{sub -0.27}. By comparison to the virial black hole mass estimate from traditional reverberation mapping analysis, we find the normalizing constant (virial coefficient) to be log{sub 10} f = 0.78{sup +0.44}{sub -0.27}, consistent with the commonly adopted mean value of 0.74 based on aligning the M{sub BH}-{sigma}* relation for active galactic nuclei and quiescent galaxies. While our dynamical model includes the possibility of a net inflow or outflow in the BLR, we cannot distinguish between these two scenarios.

  15. DISCOVERY OF ULTRA-FAST OUTFLOWS IN A SAMPLE OF BROAD-LINE RADIO GALAXIES OBSERVED WITH SUZAKU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tombesi, F.; Sambruna, R. M.; Mushotzky, R. F.; Braito, V.; Ballo, L.; Cappi, M.

    2010-08-10

    We present the results of a uniform and systematic search for blueshifted Fe K absorption lines in the X-ray spectra of five bright broad-line radio galaxies observed with Suzaku. We detect, for the first time in radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at X-rays, several absorption lines at energies greater than 7 keV in three out of five sources, namely, 3C 111, 3C 120, and 3C 390.3. The lines are detected with high significance according to both the F-test and extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Their likely interpretation as blueshifted Fe XXV and Fe XXVI K-shell resonance lines implies an origin from highly ionized gas outflowing with mildly relativistic velocities, in the range v {approx_equal} 0.04-0.15c. A fit with specific photoionization models gives ionization parameters in the range log {xi} {approx_equal} 4-5.6 erg s{sup -1} cm and column densities of N {sub H} {approx_equal} 10{sup 22}-10{sup 23} cm{sup -2}. These characteristics are very similar to those of the ultra-fast outflows (UFOs) previously observed in radio-quiet AGNs. Their estimated location within {approx}0.01-0.3 pc of the central super-massive black hole suggests a likely origin related with accretion disk winds/outflows. Depending on the absorber covering fraction, the mass outflow rate of these UFOs can be comparable to the accretion rate and their kinetic power can correspond to a significant fraction of the bolometric luminosity and is comparable to their typical jet power. Therefore, these UFOs can play a significant role in the expected feedback from the AGN to the surrounding environment and can give us further clues on the relation between the accretion disk and the formation of winds/jets in both radio-quiet and radio-loud AGNs.

  16. X-Ray Emitting GHz-Peaked Spectrum Galaxies: Testing a Dynamical-Radiative Model with Broad-Band Spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ostorero, L.; Moderski, R.; Stawarz, L.; Diaferio, A.; Kowalska, I.; Cheung, C.C.; Kataoka, J.; Begelman, M.C.; Wagner, S.J.; ,

    2010-06-07

    In a dynamical-radiative model we recently developed to describe the physics of compact, GHz-Peaked-Spectrum (GPS) sources, the relativistic jets propagate across the inner, kpc-sized region of the host galaxy, while the electron population of the expanding lobes evolves and emits synchrotron and inverse-Compton (IC) radiation. Interstellar-medium gas clouds engulfed by the expanding lobes, and photoionized by the active nucleus, are responsible for the radio spectral turnover through free-free absorption (FFA) of the synchrotron photons. The model provides a description of the evolution of the GPS spectral energy distribution (SED) with the source expansion, predicting significant and complex high-energy emission, from the X-ray to the {gamma}-ray frequency domain. Here, we test this model with the broad-band SEDs of a sample of eleven X-ray emitting GPS galaxies with Compact-Symmetric-Object (CSO) morphology, and show that: (i) the shape of the radio continuum at frequencies lower than the spectral turnover is indeed well accounted for by the FFA mechanism; (ii) the observed X-ray spectra can be interpreted as non-thermal radiation produced via IC scattering of the local radiation fields off the lobe particles, providing a viable alternative to the thermal, accretion-disk dominated scenario. We also show that the relation between the hydrogen column densities derived from the X-ray (N{sub H}) and radio (N{sub HI}) data of the sources is suggestive of a positive correlation, which, if confirmed by future observations, would provide further support to our scenario of high-energy emitting lobes.

  17. Constraining sub-parsec binary supermassive black holes in quasars with multi-epoch spectroscopy. II. The population with kinematically offset broad Balmer emission lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Xin; Shen, Yue; Bian, Fuyan; Loeb, Abraham; Tremaine, Scott

    2014-07-10

    A small fraction of quasars have long been known to show bulk velocity offsets (of a few hundred to thousands of km s{sup 1}) in the broad Balmer lines with respect to the systemic redshift of the host galaxy. Models to explain these offsets usually invoke broad-line region gas kinematics/asymmetry around single black holes (BHs), orbital motion of massive (?sub-parsec (sub-pc)) binary black holes (BBHs), or recoil BHs, but single-epoch spectra are unable to distinguish between these scenarios. The line-of-sight (LOS) radial velocity (RV) shifts from long-term spectroscopic monitoring can be used to test the BBH hypothesis. We have selected a sample of 399 quasars with kinematically offset broad H? lines from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Seventh Data Release quasar catalog, and have conducted second-epoch optical spectroscopy for 50 of them. Combined with the existing SDSS spectra, the new observations enable us to constrain the LOS RV shifts of broad H? lines with a rest-frame baseline of a few years to nearly a decade. While previous work focused on objects with extreme velocity offset (>10{sup 3} km s{sup 1}), we explore the parameter space with smaller (a few hundred km s{sup 1}) yet significant offsets (99.7% confidence). Using cross-correlation analysis, we detect significant (99% confidence) radial accelerations in the broad H? lines in 24 of the 50 objects, of ?10-200 km s{sup 1} yr{sup 1} with a median measurement uncertainty of ?10 km s{sup 1} yr{sup 1}, implying a high fraction of variability of the broad-line velocity on multi-year timescales. We suggest that 9 of the 24 detections are sub-pc BBH candidates, which show consistent velocity shifts independently measured from a second broad line (either H? or Mg II) without significant changes in the broad-line profiles. Combining the results on the general quasar population studied in Paper I, we find a tentative anti-correlation between the velocity offset in the first-epoch spectrum and the average acceleration between two epochs, which could be explained by orbital phase modulation when the time separation between two epochs is a non-negligible fraction of the orbital period of the motion causing the line displacement. We discuss the implications of our results for the identification of sub-pc BBH candidates in offset-line quasars and for the constraints on their frequency and orbital parameters.

  18. Draft Genome Sequence of Streptomyces sp. Strain Wb2n-11, a Desert Isolate with Broad-Spectrum Antagonism against Soilborne Phytopathogens

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Köberl, Martina; White, Richard A.; Erschen, Sabine; El-Arabi, Tarek F.; Jansson, Janet K.; Berg, Gabriele

    2015-08-06

    Streptomyces sp. strain Wb2n-11, isolated from native desert soil, exhibited broad-spectrum antagonism against plant pathogenic fungi, bacteria, and nematodes. The 8.2-Mb draft genome reveals genes putatively responsible for its promising biocontrol activity and genes which enable the soil bacterium to directly interact beneficially with plants.

  19. Draft Genome Sequence of Streptomyces sp. Strain Wb2n-11, a Desert Isolate with Broad-Spectrum Antagonism against Soilborne Phytopathogens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kberl, Martina; White, Richard A.; Erschen, Sabine; El-Arabi, Tarek F.; Jansson, Janet K.; Berg, Gabriele

    2015-08-06

    Streptomyces sp. strain Wb2n-11, isolated from native desert soil, exhibited broad-spectrum antagonism against plant pathogenic fungi, bacteria, and nematodes. The 8.2-Mb draft genome reveals genes putatively responsible for its promising biocontrol activity and genes which enable the soil bacterium to directly interact beneficially with plants.

  20. Investigation of the validity of quasilinear theory for electron Landau damping in a tokamak using a broad-band wave effect

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Jungpyo; Bonoli, Paul; Wright, John

    2011-01-01

    The quasilinear diffusion coefficient assuming a constant magnetic field along the electron orbit is widely used to describe electron Landau damping of waves in a tokamak where the magnitude of the magnetic field varies on a flux surface. To understand the impact of violating the constant magnetic field assumption, we introduce the effect of a broad-bandwidth wave spectrum which has been used in the past to validate quasilinear theory for the fast decorrelation process between resonances. By the reevaluation of the diffusion coefficient through the level of the phase integral for the tokamak geometry with the broad-band wave effect included,more » we identify the three acceptable errors for the use of the quasilinear diffusion coefficient.« less

  1. Apple latent spherical virus vectors for reliable and effective virus-induced gene silencing among a broad range of plants including tobacco, tomato, Arabidopsis thaliana, cucurbits, and legumes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Igarashi, Aki; Yamagata, Kousuke; Sugai, Tomokazu; Takahashi, Yukari; Sugawara, Emiko; Tamura, Akihiro; Yaegashi, Hajime; Yamagishi, Noriko; Takahashi, Tsubasa; Isogai, Masamichi; Takahashi, Hideki; Yoshikawa, Nobuyuki

    2009-04-10

    Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vectors were evaluated for virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of endogenous genes among a broad range of plant species. ALSV vectors carrying partial sequences of a subunit of magnesium chelatase (SU) and phytoene desaturase (PDS) genes induced highly uniform knockout phenotypes typical of SU and PDS inhibition on model plants such as tobacco and Arabidopsis thaliana, and economically important crops such as tomato, legume, and cucurbit species. The silencing phenotypes persisted throughout plant growth in these plants. In addition, ALSV vectors could be successfully used to silence a meristem gene, proliferating cell nuclear antigen and disease resistant N gene in tobacco and RCY1 gene in A. thaliana. As ALSV infects most host plants symptomlessly and effectively induces stable VIGS for long periods, the ALSV vector is a valuable tool to determine the functions of interested genes among a broad range of plant species.

  2. Tricyclic GyrB/ParE (TriBE) Inhibitors. A new class of broad-spectrum dual-targeting antibacterial agents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tari, Leslie W.; Li, Xiaoming; Trzoss, Michael; Bensen, Daniel C.; Chen, Zhiyong; Lam, Thanh; Zhang, Junhu; Lee, Suk Joong; Hough, Grayson; Phillipson, Doug; Akers-Rodriguez, Suzanne; Cunningham, Mark L.; Kwan, Bryan P.; Nelson, Kirk J.; Castellano, Amanda; Locke, Jeff B.; Brown-Driver, Vickie; Murphy, Timothy M.; Ong, Voon S.; Pillar, Chris M.; Shinabarger, Dean L.; Nix, Jay; Lightstone, Felice C.; Wong, Sergio E.; Nguyen, Toan B.; Shaw, Karen J.; Finn, John

    2013-12-26

    Increasing resistance to every major class of antibiotics and a dearth of novel classes of antibacterial agents in development pipelines has created a dwindling reservoir of treatment options for serious bacterial infections. The bacterial type IIA topoisomerases, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, are validated antibacterial drug targets with multiple prospective drug binding sites, including the catalytic site targeted by the fluoroquinolone antibiotics. Growing resistance to fluoroquinolones, frequently mediated by mutations in the drug-binding site, is increasingly limiting the utility of this antibiotic class, prompting the search for other inhibitor classes that target different sites on the topoisomerase complexes. The highly conserved ATP-binding subunits of DNA gyrase (GyrB) and topoisomerase IV (ParE) have long been recognized as excellent candidates for the development of dual-targeting antibacterial agents with broad-spectrum potential. However, to date, no natural product or small molecule inhibitors targeting these sites have succeeded in the clinic, and no inhibitors of these enzymes have yet been reported with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity encompassing the majority of Gram-negative pathogens. Using structure-based drug design (SBDD), we have created a novel dual-targeting pyrimidoindole inhibitor series with exquisite potency against GyrB and ParE enzymes from a broad range of clinically important pathogens. Inhibitors from this series demonstrate potent, broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens of clinical importance, including fluoroquinolone resistant and multidrug resistant strains. Moreover, lead compounds have been discovered with clinical potential; they are well tolerated in animals, and efficacious in Gram-negative infection models.

  3. A Novel Passive Millimeter Imager for Broad-Area Search - Final Report on Project PL09-NPMI-PD07 (PNNL-55180)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Kelly, James F.; Sheen, David M.; Harris, Robert V.; Hall, Thomas E.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Knopik, Clint D.; Lechelt, Wayne M.; McMakin, Douglas L.; Mendoza, Albert; Severtsen, Ronald H.; Valdez, Patrick LJ

    2011-12-31

    This report describes research and development efforts toward a novel passive millimeter-wave (mm-wave) electromagnetic imaging device for broad-area search. It addresses the technical challenge of detecting anomalies that occupy a small fraction of a pixel. The purpose of the imager is to pinpoint suspicious locations for cuing subsequent higher-resolution imaging. The technical basis for the approach is to exploit thermal and polarization anomalies that distinguish man-made features from natural features.

  4. Tricyclic GyrB/ParE (TriBE) Inhibitors. A new class of broad-spectrum dual-targeting antibacterial agents

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tari, Leslie W.; Li, Xiaoming; Trzoss, Michael; Bensen, Daniel C.; Chen, Zhiyong; Lam, Thanh; Zhang, Junhu; Lee, Suk Joong; Hough, Grayson; Phillipson, Doug; et al

    2013-12-26

    Increasing resistance to every major class of antibiotics and a dearth of novel classes of antibacterial agents in development pipelines has created a dwindling reservoir of treatment options for serious bacterial infections. The bacterial type IIA topoisomerases, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, are validated antibacterial drug targets with multiple prospective drug binding sites, including the catalytic site targeted by the fluoroquinolone antibiotics. Growing resistance to fluoroquinolones, frequently mediated by mutations in the drug-binding site, is increasingly limiting the utility of this antibiotic class, prompting the search for other inhibitor classes that target different sites on the topoisomerase complexes. The highlymore » conserved ATP-binding subunits of DNA gyrase (GyrB) and topoisomerase IV (ParE) have long been recognized as excellent candidates for the development of dual-targeting antibacterial agents with broad-spectrum potential. However, to date, no natural product or small molecule inhibitors targeting these sites have succeeded in the clinic, and no inhibitors of these enzymes have yet been reported with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity encompassing the majority of Gram-negative pathogens. Using structure-based drug design (SBDD), we have created a novel dual-targeting pyrimidoindole inhibitor series with exquisite potency against GyrB and ParE enzymes from a broad range of clinically important pathogens. Inhibitors from this series demonstrate potent, broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens of clinical importance, including fluoroquinolone resistant and multidrug resistant strains. Moreover, lead compounds have been discovered with clinical potential; they are well tolerated in animals, and efficacious in Gram-negative infection models.« less

  5. The effect of broad-band Alfven-cyclotron waves spectra on the preferential heating and differential acceleration of He{sup ++} ions in the solar wind

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maneva, Y. G.; Ofman, L.; Vinas, A. F.

    2013-06-13

    In anticipation of results from inner heliospheric missions such as the Solar Orbiter and the Solar Probe we present the results from 1.5D hybrid simulations to study the role of magnetic fluctuations for the heating and differential acceleration of He{sup ++} ions in the solar wind. We consider the effects of nonlinear Alfven-cyclotron waves at different frequency regimes. Monochromatic nonlinear Alfven-alpha-cyclotron waves are known to preferentially heat and accelerate He{sup ++} ions in collisionless low beta plasma. In this study we demonstrate that these effects are preserved when higherfrequency monochromatic and broad-band spectra of Alfven-proton-cyclotron waves are considered. Comparison between several nonlinear monochromatic waves shows that the ion temperatures, anisotropies and relative drift are quantitatively affected by the shift in frequency. Including a broad-band wave-spectrum results in a significant reduction of both the parallel and the perpendicular temperature components for the He{sup ++} ions, whereas the proton heating is barely influenced, with the parallel proton temperature only slightly enhanced. The differential streaming is strongly affected by the available wave power in the resonant daughter ion-acoustic waves. Therefore for the same initial wave energy, the relative drift is significantly reduced in the case of initial wave-spectra in comparison to the simulations with monochromatic waves.

  6. Application of MELCOR Code to a French PWR 900 MWe Severe Accident Sequence and Evaluation of Models Performance Focusing on In-Vessel Thermal Hydraulic Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Rosa, Felice [ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment (Italy)

    2006-07-01

    In the ambit of the Severe Accident Network of Excellence Project (SARNET), funded by the European Union, 6. FISA (Fission Safety) Programme, one of the main tasks is the development and validation of the European Accident Source Term Evaluation Code (ASTEC Code). One of the reference codes used to compare ASTEC results, coming from experimental and Reactor Plant applications, is MELCOR. ENEA is a SARNET member and also an ASTEC and MELCOR user. During the first 18 months of this project, we performed a series of MELCOR and ASTEC calculations referring to a French PWR 900 MWe and to the accident sequence of 'Loss of Steam Generator (SG) Feedwater' (known as H2 sequence in the French classification). H2 is an accident sequence substantially equivalent to a Station Blackout scenario, like a TMLB accident, with the only difference that in H2 sequence the scram is forced to occur with a delay of 28 seconds. The main events during the accident sequence are a loss of normal and auxiliary SG feedwater (0 s), followed by a scram when the water level in SG is equal or less than 0.7 m (after 28 seconds). There is also a main coolant pumps trip when {delta}Tsat < 10 deg. C, a total opening of the three relief valves when Tric (core maximal outlet temperature) is above 603 K (330 deg. C) and accumulators isolation when primary pressure goes below 1.5 MPa (15 bar). Among many other points, it is worth noting that this was the first time that a MELCOR 1.8.5 input deck was available for a French PWR 900. The main ENEA effort in this period was devoted to prepare the MELCOR input deck using the code version v.1.8.5 (build QZ Oct 2000 with the latest patch 185003 Oct 2001). The input deck, completely new, was prepared taking into account structure, data and same conditions as those found inside ASTEC input decks. The main goal of the work presented in this paper is to put in evidence where and when MELCOR provides good enough results and why, in some cases mainly referring to its specific models (candling, corium pool behaviour, etc.) they were less good. A future work will be the preparation of an input deck for the new MELCOR 1.8.6. and to perform a code-to-code comparison with ASTEC v1.2 rev. 1. (author)

  7. Effect of parametric resonance on the formation of waves with a broad multiharmonic spectrum during the development of two-stream instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulish, V. V.; Lysenko, A. V.; Rombovsky, M. Yu.

    2010-07-15

    A cubically nonlinear multiharmonic theory of two-stream instability in a two-velocity relativistic electron beam is constructed with allowance for parametric resonance between harmonics of longitudinal waves of different types, as well as between wave harmonics of the same type. The effect of these two kinds of parametric resonance interaction on the development of two-stream instability is investigated. It is shown that parametric resonance between different types of longitudinal waves excited in a two-velocity beam can substantially affect the development of physical processes in the system under study. It is proposed to use parametric resonance between longitudinal waves of different types to form waves with a prescribed broad multiharmonic spectrum.

  8. A Proposal for Geologic Radioactive Waste Disposal Environmental Zero-State and Subsequent Monitoring Definition - First Lessons Learned from the French Environment Observatory - 13188

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landais, Patrick; Leclerc, Elisabeth; Mariotti, Andre

    2013-07-01

    Obtaining a reference state of the environment before the beginning of construction work for a geological repository is essential as it will be useful for further monitoring during operations and beyond, thus keeping a memory of the original environmental state. The area and the compartments of the biosphere to be observed and monitored as well as the choice of the markers (e.g. bio-markers, biodiversity, quality of the environment, etc.) to be followed must be carefully selected. In parallel, the choice and selection of the environmental monitoring systems (i.e. scientific and technical criteria, social requirements) will be of paramount importance for the evaluation of the perturbations that could be induced during the operational phase of the repository exploitation. This paper presents learning points of the French environment observatory located in the Meuse/Haute-Marne that has been selected for studying the feasibility of the underground disposal of high level wastes in France. (authors)

  9. The dependence of C IV broad absorption line properties on accompanying Si IV and Al III absorption: relating quasar-wind ionization levels, kinematics, and column densities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filiz Ak, N.; Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, D. P.; Trump, J. R.; Hall, P. B.; Anderson, S. F.; Hamann, F.; Myers, Adam D.; Pris, I.; Petitjean, P.; Ross, Nicholas P.; Shen, Yue; York, Don

    2014-08-20

    We consider how the profile and multi-year variability properties of a large sample of C IV Broad Absorption Line (BAL) troughs change when BALs from Si IV and/or Al III are present at corresponding velocities, indicating that the line of sight intercepts at least some lower ionization gas. We derive a number of observational results for C IV BALs separated according to the presence or absence of accompanying lower ionization transitions, including measurements of composite profile shapes, equivalent width (EW), characteristic velocities, composite variation profiles, and EW variability. We also measure the correlations between EW and fractional-EW variability for C IV, Si IV, and Al III. Our measurements reveal the basic correlated changes between ionization level, kinematics, and column density expected in accretion-disk wind models; e.g., lines of sight including lower ionization material generally show deeper and broader C IV troughs that have smaller minimum velocities and that are less variable. Many C IV BALs with no accompanying Si IV or Al III BALs may have only mild or no saturation.

  10. Constraining UV continuum slopes of active galactic nuclei with cloudy models of broad-line region extreme-ultraviolet emission lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moloney, Joshua [CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Michael Shull, J., E-mail: joshua.moloney@colorado.edu, E-mail: michael.shull@colorado.edu [Also at Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK. (United Kingdom)

    2014-10-01

    Understanding the composition and structure of the broad-line region (BLR) of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) is important for answering many outstanding questions in supermassive black hole evolution, galaxy evolution, and ionization of the intergalactic medium. We used single-epoch UV spectra from the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) on the Hubble Space Telescope to measure EUV emission-line fluxes from four individual AGNs with 0.49 ? z ? 0.64, two AGNs with 0.32 ? z ? 0.40, and a composite of 159 AGNs. With the CLOUDY photoionization code, we calculated emission-line fluxes from BLR clouds with a range of density, hydrogen ionizing flux, and incident continuum spectral indices. The photoionization grids were fit to the observations using single-component and locally optimally emitting cloud (LOC) models. The LOC models provide good fits to the measured fluxes, while the single-component models do not. The UV spectral indices preferred by our LOC models are consistent with those measured from COS spectra. EUV emission lines such as N IV ?765, O II ?833, and O III ?834 originate primarily from gas with electron temperatures between 37,000 K and 55,000 K. This gas is found in BLR clouds with high hydrogen densities (n {sub H} ? 10{sup 12} cm{sup 3}) and hydrogen ionizing photon fluxes (?{sub H} ? 10{sup 22} cm{sup 2} s{sup 1}).

  11. An HST/COS observation of broad Ly? emission and associated absorption lines of the BL Lacertae object H 2356-309

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Taotao [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Danforth, Charles W.; Stocke, John T.; Shull, J. Michael [CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Buote, David A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Canizares, Claude R. [Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Gastaldello, Fabio, E-mail: fangt@xmu.edu.cn [IASF-Milano, INAF, via Bassini 15, Milan I-20133 (Italy)

    2014-11-01

    Weak spectral features in BL Lacertae objects (BL Lacs) often provide a unique opportunity to probe the inner region of this rare type of active galactic nucleus. We present a Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph observation of the BL Lac H 2356-309. A weak Ly? emission line was detected. This is the fourth detection of a weak Ly? emission feature in the ultraviolet (UV) band in the so-called high-energy peaked BL Lacs, after Stocke et al. Assuming the line-emitting gas is located in the broad line region (BLR) and the ionizing source is the off-axis jet emission, we constrain the Lorentz factor (?) of the relativistic jet to be ?8.1 with a maximum viewing angle of 3.6. The derived ? is somewhat larger than previous measurements of ? ? 3-5, implying a covering factor of ?3% of the line-emitting gas. Alternatively, the BLR clouds could be optically thin, in which case we constrain the BLR warm gas to be ?10{sup 5} M {sub ?}. We also detected two H I and one O VI absorption lines that are within |?v| < 150 km s{sup 1} of the BL Lac object. The O VI and one of the H I absorbers likely coexist due to their nearly identical velocities. We discuss several ionization models and find a photoionization model where the ionizing photon source is the BL Lac object that can fit the observed ion column densities with reasonable physical parameters. This absorber can either be located in the interstellar medium of the host galaxy or in the BLR.

  12. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Sources (more than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water All Buildings* ......

  13. Kotzebue Wind Project I | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Status In Service Owner Kotzebue Elec. Assoc. Developer Kotzebue Electric Association Energy Purchaser Kotzebue Elec. Assoc. Location Kotzebue AK Coordinates 66.836485,...

  14. Alaska Village Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    In Service Owner Alaska Village Elec Coop Developer Kotzebue Electric Association Energy Purchaser Alaska Village Elec Coop Location Toksook Bay AK Coordinates 60.5315,...

  15. RomanowiczFrenchRev.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Deep mantle Ocean Hawaii Marquesas Tahiti Samoa Pitcairn Macdonald Hotspot volcanic ... imaging from global to regional scales Current Focus: Imaging based on numerical ...

  16. Broad Distribution of Energetically Important Contacts across...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Language: ENGLISH Subject: 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AFFINITY; AIDS VIRUS; DISTRIBUTION; HYPOTHESIS; PROTEINS Word Cloud More Like This Full Text ...

  17. COS OBSERVATIONS OF METAL LINE AND BROAD LYMAN-{alpha} ABSORPTION IN THE MULTI-PHASE O VI AND Ne VIII SYSTEM AT z = 0.20701 TOWARD HE 0226-4110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savage, B. D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Lehner, N. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Narayanan, A. [Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram 695547, Kerala (India)

    2011-12-20

    Observations of the QSO HE 0226-4110 (z{sub em} = 0.495) with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) from 1134 to 1796 A with a resolution of {approx}17 km s{sup -1} and signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) per resolution element of 20-40 are used to study the multi-phase absorption system at z = 0.20701 containing O VI and Ne VIII. The system was previously studied with lower S/N observations with Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) and Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS). The COS observations provide more reliable measures of the H I and metal lines present in the system and reveal the clear presence of broad Ly{alpha} (BLA) absorption with b = 72(+13, -6) km s{sup -1} and log N(H I) = 13.87 {+-} 0.08. Detecting BLAs associated with warm gas absorbers is crucial for determining the temperature, metallicity, and total baryonic content of the absorbers. The BLA is probably recording the trace amount of thermally broadened H I in the collisionally ionized plasma with log T {approx} 5.7 that also produces the O VI and Ne VIII absorption. The total hydrogen column in the collisionally ionized gas, log N(H) {approx} 20.1, exceeds that in the cooler photoionized gas in the system by a factor of {approx}22. The oxygen abundance in the collisionally ionized gas is [O/H] = -0.89 {+-} 0.08 {+-} 0.07. The absorber probably occurs in the circumgalactic environment (halo) of a foreground L = 0.25L{sub *} disk galaxy with an impact parameter of 109 h{sub 70}{sup -1} kpc identified by Mulchaey and Chen.

  18. Table 2.5 Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Space Heating Air Conditioning Water Heating Appliances, 2 Electronics, and Lighting Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Electricity 3 Natural Gas Elec- tricity ...

  19. Broad Spectrum Photoelectrochemical Diodes for Solar Hydrogen Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimes, Craig A.

    2014-11-26

    Under program auspices we have investigated material chemistries suitable for the solar generation of hydrogen by water photoelectrolysis. We have built upon, and extended, our knowledge base on the synthesis and application of TiO2 nanotube arrays, a material architecture that appears ideal for water photoelectrolysis. To date we have optimized, refined, and greatly extended synthesis techniques suitable for achieving highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays of given length, wall thickness, pore diameter, and tube-to-tube spacing for use in water photoelectrolysis. We have built upon this knowledge based to achieve visible light responsive, photocorrosion stable n-type and p-type ternary oxide nanotube arrays for use in photoelectrochemical diodes.

  20. BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

  1. Structural and Functional Basis for Broad-spectrum Neutralization...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    health. The recent spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) caused by the H5N1 strain across Asia, Europe and Africa raises the specter of a new pandemic, should the...

  2. Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + true + Brainerd Public Utilities + true + Brodhead Water & Lighting Comm + true + Brown County Rural Elec Assn + true + Burke-Divide Electric Coop Inc + true + Butler County...

  3. Kotzebue Wind Project III | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kotzebue Wind Project III Facility Kotzebue Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Kotzebue Elec. Assoc. Developer Kotzebue...

  4. Cimarron Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @CimarronElec Facebook: https:www.facebook.comprofile.php?refname&id100000678310273 Outage Hotline: (800) 375-4121 References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  5. District of Columbia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (District of Columbia) Glacial Energy Holdings (District of Columbia) Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia) Integrys Energy Services, Inc. (District...

  6. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    (B20 and above) CNG Compressed Natural Gas E85 Ethanol (E85) ELEC Electric HY Hydrogen LNG Liquefied Natural Gas LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) stationname Type:...

  7. Callaway Electric Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Missouri Phone Number: (573) 642-3326 Website: www.callawayelectric.com Twitter: @CallawayElec Facebook: http:www.facebook.comCallawayElectric Outage Hotline:...

  8. Awardee AwardeeHeadquarters RecoveryFunding TotalValue Tech Inc...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    City South Dakota Black Hills Colorado Elec Utility Co LP Pueblo Colorado City of Burbank Water and Power California Utility Company Burbank California Center for the...

  9. Effects of Feedback on Residential Electricity Consumption: A...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    none of which were elec- trically heated; each had an electric stove, dryer, dishwasher, and water heater. The researchers installed 24-h chart recorders in each residence...

  10. Colman, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc. Smart Grid Project Utility Companies in Colman, South Dakota Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division...

  11. Beller, Mark A From: Sent; To: SUbject: French, Colleen Wednesday...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAX 5093761563 OCR I1flI1HllTTRI1 PROJECT B REACTOR MINOR VISIT WAIVER Dear ParentGuardian: This waiver is your consent for your child to take a tour of the Manhattan Project's...

  12. Running Jobs Scott French" NERSC User Services Group" New User...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wait for job to start mom% cd PBSOWORKDIR mom% aprun -n 48 .mycode.x 18 Serial Jobs * Carver h as a s pecial q ueue f or r unning s erial j obs - A s ingle p rocess...

  13. Running Jobs Scott French" NERSC User Services Group" New User...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    j ob ( 2 4 n odes) * How l ong t o r eserve t hose n odes * OpBonal: w hat t o n ame S TDOUT fi les, w hat a ccount t o c harge, whether t o n oBfy y ou b y e mail w hen y...

  14. Running Jobs Scott French" NERSC User Services Group" New User...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    j ob ( 2 4 n odes) * How l ong t o r eserve t hose n odes * OpConal: w hat t o n ame S TDOUT fi les, w hat a ccount t o c harge, whether t o n oCfy y ou b y e mail w hen y...

  15. Scott French! NERSC User Services Group! New User Training!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    login node based on: - Number o f c onnec3ons - Memory o f p revious c onnec3ons f rom s ame I P --- 4 --- Login Node Usage * Login nodes are shared by many users, all the Dme *...

  16. Promouvoir Une Energie Durable Pour Tous (French Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and UN-Energy, helps governments design and adopt policies and programs that support the deployment of transformational low-carbon technologies. The Solutions Center serves as a first-stop clearinghouse of clean energy policy reports, data, and tools and provides expert assistance and peer-to-peer learning forums. This factsheet highlights key Solutions Center offerings, including 'ask an expert' assistance on clean energy policy matters, training and peer learning, and technical resources for policy makers worldwide.

  17. 1992 annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    In 1992 the Santa Fe Institute hosted more than 100 short- and long-term research visitors who conducted a total of 212 person-months of residential research in complex systems. To date this 1992 work has resulted in more than 50 SFI Working Papers and nearly 150 publications in the scientific literature. The Institute`s book series in the sciences of complexity continues to grow, now numbering more than 20 volumes. The fifth annual complex systems summer school brought nearly 60 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to Santa Fe for an intensive introduction to the field. Research on complex systems-the focus of work at SFI-involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex adaptive behavior range upwards from DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complex behavior include spin glasses, cellular automata, and genetic algorithms. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simple components; (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy); and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions.

  18. Improve Motor System Efficiency for a Broad Range of Motors with MotorMaster+ International

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2005-05-01

    Available at no charge, MotorMaster+ International is designed to support motor systems improvement planning at industrial facilities by identifying the most cost-effective choice when deciding to repair or replace older motor models.

  19. Internal combustion engine system having a power turbine with a broad efficiency range

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whiting, Todd Mathew; Vuk, Carl Thomas

    2010-04-13

    An engine system incorporating an air breathing, reciprocating internal combustion engine having an inlet for air and an exhaust for products of combustion. A centripetal turbine receives products of the combustion and has a housing in which a turbine wheel is rotatable. The housing has first and second passages leading from the inlet to discrete, approximately 180.degree., portions of the circumference of the turbine wheel. The passages have fixed vanes adjacent the periphery of the turbine wheel and the angle of the vanes in one of the passages is different than those in the other so as to accommodate different power levels providing optimum approach angles between the gases passing the vanes and the blades of the turbine wheel. Flow through the passages is controlled by a flapper valve to direct it to one or the other or both passages depending upon the load factor for the engine.

  20. November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Developmen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tribal Energy Project Development, on Wednesday, November 27, 2013. "There is a growing body of knowledge that DOE is has worked diligently to document and make available to...

  1. 1993 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-12-31

    This report provides a summary of many of the research projects completed by the Santa Fe Institute (SFI) during 1993. These research efforts continue to focus on two general areas: the study of, and search for, underlying scientific principles governing complex adaptive systems, and the exploration of new theories of computation that incorporate natural mechanisms of adaptation (mutation, genetics, evolution).

  2. Surface structures for enhancement of quantum yield in broad spectrum emission nanocrystals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schreuder, Michael A.; McBride, James R.; Rosenthal, Sandra J.

    2014-07-22

    Disclosed are inorganic nanoparticles comprising a body comprising cadmium and/or zinc crystallized with selenium, sulfur, and/or tellurium; a multiplicity of phosphonic acid ligands comprising at least about 20% of the total surface ligand coverage; wherein the nanocrystal is capable of absorbing energy from a first electromagnetic region and capable of emitting light in a second electromagnetic region, wherein the maximum absorbance wavelength of the first electromagnetic region is different from the maximum emission wavelength of the second electromagnetic region, thereby providing a Stokes shift of at least about 20 nm, wherein the second electromagnetic region comprises an at least about 100 nm wide band of wavelengths, and wherein the nanoparticle exhibits has a quantum yield of at least about 10%. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.

  3. NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, Broad Spectrum of Industry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A groundbreaking Department of Energy-developed imaging system originally designed to help create cleaner fossil energy processes is finding successful applications in a wide range of medical, chemical processing, energy, and other industries.

  4. Method and means of transmitting and receiving broad-band unipolar, ultrasonic pulses for ultrasonic inspection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, D.O.; Hsu, D.K.

    1993-12-14

    The invention includes a means and method for transmitting and receiving broadband, unipolar, ultrasonic pulses for ultrasonic inspection. The method comprises generating a generally unipolar ultrasonic stress pulse from a low impedance voltage pulse transmitter along a low impedance electrical pathway to an ultrasonic transducer, and receiving the reflected echo of the pulse by the transducer, converting it to a voltage signal, and passing it through a high impedance electrical pathway to an output. The means utilizes electrical components according to the method. The means and method allow a single transducer to be used in a pulse/echo mode, and facilitates alternatingly transmitting and receiving the broadband, unipolar, ultrasonic pulses. 25 figures.

  5. Method and means of transmitting and receiving broad-band unipolar, ultrasonic pulses for ultrasonic inspection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Donald O.; Hsu, David K.

    1993-12-14

    The invention includes a means and method for transmitting and receiving broadband, unipolar, ultrasonic pulses for ultrasonic inspection. The method comprises generating a generally unipolar ultrasonic stress pulse from a low impedance voltage pulse transmitter along a low impedance electrical pathway to an ultrasonic transducer, and receiving the reflected echo of the pulse by the transducer, converting it to a voltage signal, and passing it through a high impedance electrical pathway to an output. The means utilizes electrical components according to the method. The means and method allow a single transducer to be used in a pulse/echo mode, and facilitates alternatingly transmitting and receiving the broadband, unipolar, ultrasonic pulses.

  6. 1991 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    1991 was continued rapid growth for the Santa Fe Institute (SFI) as it broadened its interdisciplinary research into the organization, evolution and operation of complex systems and sought deeply the principles underlying their dynamic behavior. Research on complex systems--the focus of work at SFI--involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex behavior range upwards from proteins and DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complexity include nonlinear equations, spin glasses, cellular automata, genetic algorithms, classifier systems, and an array of other computational models. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simples components, (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy), and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions. The importance of understanding such systems in enormous: many of the most serious challenges facing humanity--e.g., environmental sustainability, economic stability, the control of disease--as well as many of the hardest scientific questions--e.g., protein folding, the distinction between self and non-self in the immune system, the nature of intelligence, the origin of life--require deep understanding of complex systems.

  7. 1991 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    1991 was continued rapid growth for the Santa Fe Institute (SFI) as it broadened its interdisciplinary research into the organization, evolution and operation of complex systems and sought deeply the principles underlying their dynamic behavior. Research on complex systems--the focus of work at SFI--involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex behavior range upwards from proteins and DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complexity include nonlinear equations, spin glasses, cellular automata, genetic algorithms, classifier systems, and an array of other computational models. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simples components, (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy), and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions. The importance of understanding such systems in enormous: many of the most serious challenges facing humanity--e.g., environmental sustainability, economic stability, the control of disease--as well as many of the hardest scientific questions--e.g., protein folding, the distinction between self and non-self in the immune system, the nature of intelligence, the origin of life--require deep understanding of complex systems.

  8. Target Pilots Energy Efficiency Measures for Broad Rollout in Existing Stores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-01

    Target Corporation partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce annual energy consumption by at least 30% versus requirements set by ASHRAE/ANSI/IESNA Standard 90.1-20041 as part of DOEs Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program.

  9. Microsoft Word - NETL-TRS-2-2015_CSIL_BroadImpacts.final.20150219...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ...index.html Marine Species Observation Database Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) http:www.iobis.org Current Administrative Boundaries of National Park System ...

  10. Y-12's broad mission viewed as lure for future workforce | Y...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    remains Y-12's mission, according to NNSA Production Office Deputy Manager Teresa Robbins. Young workers "want to learn and grow and experience new and different challenges...

  11. Nanometer resolution optical coherence tomography using broad bandwidth XUV and soft x-ray radiation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fuchs, Silvio; Rödel, Christian; Blinne, Alexander; Zastrau, Ulf; Wünsche, Martin; Hilbert, Vinzenz; Glaser, Leif; Viefhaus, Jens; Frumker, Eugene; Corkum, Paul; et al

    2016-02-10

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive technique for cross-sectional imaging. It is particularly advantageous for applications where conventional microscopy is not able to image deeper layers of samples in a reasonable time, e.g. in fast moving, deeper lying structures. However, at infrared and optical wavelengths, which are commonly used, the axial resolution of OCT is limited to about 1 μm, even if the bandwidth of the light covers a wide spectral range. Here, we present extreme ultraviolet coherence tomography (XCT) and thus introduce a new technique for non-invasive cross-sectional imaging of nanometer structures. XCT exploits the nanometerscale coherence lengthsmore » corresponding to the spectral transmission windows of, e.g., silicon samples. The axial resolution of coherence tomography is thus improved from micrometers to a few nanometers. Tomographic imaging with an axial resolution better than 18 nm is demonstrated for layer-type nanostructures buried in a silicon substrate. Using wavelengths in the water transmission window, nanometer-scale layers of platinum are retrieved with a resolution better than 8 nm. As a result, XCT as a nondestructive method for sub-surface tomographic imaging holds promise for several applications in semiconductor metrology and imaging in the water window.« less

  12. Apparatus And Methods For Launching And Receiving A Broad Wavelength Range Source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Von Drasek, William A.; Sonnenfroh, David; Allen, Mark G.; Stafford-Evans, Joy

    2006-02-28

    An apparatus and method for simultaneous detection of N gas species through laser radiation attenuation techniques is disclosed. Each of the N species has a spectral absorption band. N laser sources operate at a wavelength ?N in a spectral absorption band separated by the cutoff wavelength for single-mode transmission. Each laser source corresponds to a gas species and transmits radiation through an optical fiber constructed and arranged to provide single-mode transmission with minimal power loss.

  13. Constructing rigorous and broad biosurveillance networks for detecting emerging zoonotic outbreaks

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brown, Mac; Moore, Leslie; McMahon, Benjamin; Powell, Dennis; LaBute, Montiago; Hyman, James M.; Rivas, Ariel; Jankowski, Mark; Berendzen, Joel; Loeppky, Jason; et al

    2015-05-06

    Determining optimal surveillance networks for an emerging pathogen is difficult since it is not known beforehand what the characteristics of a pathogen will be or where it will emerge. The resources for surveillance of infectious diseases in animals and wildlife are often limited and mathematical modeling can play a supporting role in examining a wide range of scenarios of pathogen spread. We demonstrate how a hierarchy of mathematical and statistical tools can be used in surveillance planning help guide successful surveillance and mitigation policies for a wide range of zoonotic pathogens. The model forecasts can help clarify the complexities ofmore » potential scenarios, and optimize biosurveillance programs for rapidly detecting infectious diseases. Using the highly pathogenic zoonotic H5N1 avian influenza 2006-2007 epidemic in Nigeria as an example, we determined the risk for infection for localized areas in an outbreak and designed biosurveillance stations that are effective for different pathogen strains and a range of possible outbreak locations. We created a general multi-scale, multi-host stochastic SEIR epidemiological network model, with both short and long-range movement, to simulate the spread of an infectious disease through Nigerian human, poultry, backyard duck, and wild bird populations. We chose parameter ranges specific to avian influenza (but not to a particular strain) and used a Latin hypercube sample experimental design to investigate epidemic predictions in a thousand simulations. We ranked the risk of local regions by the number of times they became infected in the ensemble of simulations. These spatial statistics were then complied into a potential risk map of infection. Finally, we validated the results with a known outbreak, using spatial analysis of all the simulation runs to show the progression matched closely with the observed location of the farms infected in the 2006-2007 epidemic.« less

  14. Broad Overview of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Opportunities for Department of Defense Installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, E.; Antkowiak, M.; Butt, R.; Davis, J.; Dean, J.; Hillesheim, M.; Hotchkiss, E.; Hunsberger, R.; Kandt, A.; Lund, J.; Massey, K.; Robichaud, R.; Stafford, B.; Visser, C.

    2011-08-01

    The Strategic Environmental Research and Developmental Program (SERDP)/Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) is the Department of Defense?s (DOD) environmental science and technology program focusing on issues related to environment and energy for the military services. The SERDP/ESTCP Office requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provide technical assistance with strategic planning by evaluating the potential for several types of renewable energy technologies at DOD installations. NREL was tasked to provide technical expertise and strategic advice for the feasibility of geothermal resources, waste-to-energy technology, photovoltaics (PV), wind, microgrids, and building system technologies on military installations. This technical report is the deliverable for these tasks.

  15. Chapter 39 - Acquisition of Information Technology | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 - Acquisition of Information Technology Chapter 39 - Acquisition of Information Technology PDF icon 39.1AcquisitionofInformationResources0.pdf PDF icon 39.2GuidanceonElec...

  16. Category:Elkins, WV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Elkins WV Harrison Rural Elec Assn Inc.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 59 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant...

  17. Cass County Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @CassCountyElec Facebook: https:www.facebook.comCassCountyElectric Outage Hotline: 701-356-4499 or 1-888-277-4424 Outage Map: outage.kwh.com References: EIA...

  18. doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2008.02.011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a region interspersed with a magnetic field, an elec- tromotive force (EMF) is induced. ... The driving term F models the counter-rotating impellers as they are used in the ...

  19. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* ... 4,645 4,414 4,404 2,391...

  20. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* ... 64,783 63,343 63,307...

  1. CarBen_Operators_Manual_-_9-27-10_Final_Draft

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Source Data o ER: Emissions Reduction Case o Ref: Reference Case o Res: Residential Module o Com: Commercial Module o Ind: Industrial Module o Elec: Electricity Module o Trans:...

  2. Waste Heat Utilization System Income Tax Deduction (Personal)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Waste heat utilization system means facilities and equipment for the recovery of waste heat generated in the process of generating electricity and the use of such heat to generate additional elec...

  3. Waste Heat Utilization System Income Tax Deduction (Corporate)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Waste heat utilization system means facilities and equipment for the recovery of waste heat generated in the process of generating electricity and the use of such heat to generate additional elec...

  4. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    task to migrate the Joint Nuclear Weapons Publications Sys- tem (JNWPS) from paper media to interactive elec- THE PEN-X PROJECT explored two aspects of a conceptual cruise...

  5. Oklahoma Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Coop Inc Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-405-321-2024 Website: www.okcoop.org Twitter: @okcoop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comOklaElec Outage Hotline: 405-321-2024...

  6. Category:Atlantic City, NJ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 63 KB SVMidriseApartment...

  7. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wheeler Elec Member Corp","Cooperative",1562763,588686,292390,681687,0 5,"Baldwin County El Member Corp","Cooperative",1271089,833798,437291,0,0 " ","Total sales, top five...

  8. Property:Awardee | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utility Co. Smart Grid Project + Black HillsColorado Elec.Utility Co. LP + Burbank Water and Power Smart Grid Project + City of Burbank Water and Power, California (Utility...

  9. Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... of Electrical and Elec- tronics Engineers (IEEE ) 112 Method B, which uses a dynamometer ... uses bands of efficiency values based on IEEE 112 testing. 4. When should I consider ...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    123 YESNO. PHOTVL8 Photovoltaic cells used to generate elec 125- 125 YESNO. FUELCL8 Fuel cells used to generate electricity 127- 127 YESNO. MCROTB8 Microturbines used to...

  11. World first in high level waste vitrification - A review of French vitrification industrial achievements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brueziere, J.; Chauvin, E. [AREVA, 1 place Jean Millier, 92084 Paris La Defense (France); Piroux, J.C. [Joint Vitrification Laboratory - LCV, Marcoule, BP171, 30207 Bagnols sur Ceze (France)

    2013-07-01

    AREVA has more than 30 years experience in operating industrial HLW (High Level radioactive Waste) vitrification facilities (AVM - Marcoule Vitrification Facility, R7 and T7 facilities). This vitrification technology was based on borosilicate glasses and induction-heating. AVM was the world's first industrial HLW vitrification facility to operate in-line with a reprocessing plant. The glass formulation was adapted to commercial Light Water Reactor fission products solutions, including alkaline liquid waste concentrates as well as platinoid-rich clarification fines. The R7 and T7 facilities were designed on the basis of the industrial experience acquired in the AVM facility. The AVM vitrification process was implemented at a larger scale in order to operate the R7 and T7 facilities in-line with the UP2 and UP3 reprocessing plants. After more than 30 years of operation, outstanding record of operation has been established by the R7 and T7 facilities. The industrial startup of the CCIM (Cold Crucible Induction Melter) technology with enhanced glass formulation was possible thanks to the close cooperation between CEA and AREVA. CCIM is a water-cooled induction melter in which the glass frit and the waste are melted by direct high frequency induction. This technology allows the handling of highly corrosive solutions and high operating temperatures which permits new glass compositions and a higher glass production capacity. The CCIM technology has been implemented successfully at La Hague plant.

  12. Broad Temperature Pinning Study of 15 mol.% Zr-Added (Gd, Y)-Ba-Cu-O MOCVD Coated Conductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, AX; Khatri, N; Liu, YH; Majkic, G; Galstyan, E; Selvamanickam, V; Chen, YM; Lei, CH; Abraimov, D; Hu, XB; Jaroszynski, J; Larbalestier, D

    2015-06-01

    BaZrO3 (BZO) nanocolumns have long been shown to be very effective for raising the pinning force F-p of REBa2Cu3Ox (REBCO, where RE = rare earth) films at high temperatures and recently at low temperatures too. We have successfully incorporated a high density of BZO nanorods into metal organic chemical vapor deposited (MOCVD) REBCO coated conductors via Zr addition. We found that, compared to the 7.5% Zr-added coated conductor, dense BZO nanorod arrays in the 15% Zr-added conductor are effective over the whole temperature range from 77 K down to 4.2 K. We attribute the substantially enhanced J(c) at 30 K to the weak uncorrelated pinning as well as the strong correlated pinning. Meanwhile, by tripling the REBCO layer thickness to similar to 2.8 mu m, the engineering critical current density J(e) at 30 K exceeds J(e) of optimized Nb-Ti wires at 4.2 K.

  13. The Broad-band X-ray Spectrum of IC 4329A from a Joint NuSTAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    E. ; Caltech ; Stern, D. ; Caltech, JPL ; Walton, D.J. ; Caltech ; Zhang, W.W. ; NASA, Goddard less Publication Date: 2014-11-20 OSTI Identifier: 1165907 Report...

  14. The Broad-band X-ray Spectrum of IC 4329A from a Joint NuSTAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Brenneman, L. W. ; Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. ; Madejski, G. ; KIPAC, Menlo Park SLAC ; Fuerst, F. ; Caltech ; Matt, G. ; Rome III U. ; Elvis, M. ; Harvard-...

  15. High-power InGaAs/GaAs quantum-well laser with enhanced broad spectrum of stimulated emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Huolei; Yu, Hongyan; Zhou, Xuliang; Kan, Qiang; Yuan, Lijun; Wang, Wei; Pan, Jiaoqing; Chen, Weixi; Ding, Ying

    2014-10-06

    We report the demonstration of an InGaAs/GaAs quantum well (QW) broadband stimulated emission laser with a structure that integrated a GaAs tunnel junction with two QW active regions. The laser exhibits ultrabroad lasing spectral coverage of ?51?nm at a center wavelength of 1060?nm with a total emission power of 790 mW, corresponding to a high average spectral power density of 15.5 mW/nm, under pulsed current conditions. Compared to traditional lasers, this laser with an asymmetric separate-confinement heterostructure shows broader lasing bandwidth and higher spectral power density.

  16. Use of 16S rRNA gene for identification of a broad range of clinically relevant bacterial pathogens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srinivasan, Ramya; Karaoz, Ulas; Volegova, Marina; MacKichan, Joanna; Kato-Maeda, Midori; Miller, Steve; Nadarajan, Rohan; Brodie, Eoin L.; Lynch, Susan V.; Heimesaat, Markus M.

    2015-02-06

    According to World Health Organization statistics of 2011, infectious diseases remain in the top five causes of mortality worldwide. However, despite sophisticated research tools for microbial detection, rapid and accurate molecular diagnostics for identification of infection in humans have not been extensively adopted. Time-consuming culture-based methods remain to the forefront of clinical microbial detection. The 16S rRNA gene, a molecular marker for identification of bacterial species, is ubiquitous to members of this domain and, thanks to ever-expanding databases of sequence information, a useful tool for bacterial identification. In this study, we assembled an extensive repository of clinical isolates (n = 617), representing 30 medically important pathogenic species and originally identified using traditional culture-based or non-16S molecular methods. This strain repository was used to systematically evaluate the ability of 16S rRNA for species level identification. To enable the most accurate species level classification based on the paucity of sequence data accumulated in public databases, we built a Naïve Bayes classifier representing a diverse set of high-quality sequences from medically important bacterial organisms. We show that for species identification, a model-based approach is superior to an alignment based method. Overall, between 16S gene based and clinical identities, our study shows a genus-level concordance rate of 96% and a species-level concordance rate of 87.5%. We point to multiple cases of probable clinical misidentification with traditional culture based identification across a wide range of gram-negative rods and gram-positive cocci as well as common gram-negative cocci.

  17. The Broad-band X-ray Spectrum of IC 4329A from a Joint NuSTAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Astrophys. ; Madejski, G. ; KIPAC, Menlo Park SLAC ; Fuerst, F. ; Caltech ; Matt, G. ; Rome III U. ; Elvis, M. ; Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. ; Harrison, F. A. ; ...

  18. Use of 16S rRNA gene for identification of a broad range of clinically relevant bacterial pathogens

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Srinivasan, Ramya; Karaoz, Ulas; Volegova, Marina; MacKichan, Joanna; Kato-Maeda, Midori; Miller, Steve; Nadarajan, Rohan; Brodie, Eoin L.; Lynch, Susan V.; Heimesaat, Markus M.

    2015-02-06

    According to World Health Organization statistics of 2011, infectious diseases remain in the top five causes of mortality worldwide. However, despite sophisticated research tools for microbial detection, rapid and accurate molecular diagnostics for identification of infection in humans have not been extensively adopted. Time-consuming culture-based methods remain to the forefront of clinical microbial detection. The 16S rRNA gene, a molecular marker for identification of bacterial species, is ubiquitous to members of this domain and, thanks to ever-expanding databases of sequence information, a useful tool for bacterial identification. In this study, we assembled an extensive repository of clinical isolates (n =more » 617), representing 30 medically important pathogenic species and originally identified using traditional culture-based or non-16S molecular methods. This strain repository was used to systematically evaluate the ability of 16S rRNA for species level identification. To enable the most accurate species level classification based on the paucity of sequence data accumulated in public databases, we built a Naïve Bayes classifier representing a diverse set of high-quality sequences from medically important bacterial organisms. We show that for species identification, a model-based approach is superior to an alignment based method. Overall, between 16S gene based and clinical identities, our study shows a genus-level concordance rate of 96% and a species-level concordance rate of 87.5%. We point to multiple cases of probable clinical misidentification with traditional culture based identification across a wide range of gram-negative rods and gram-positive cocci as well as common gram-negative cocci.« less

  19. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 Table 2.5 Household 1 Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End Use, Selected Years, 1978-2005 Year Space Heating Air Conditioning Water Heating Appliances, 2 Electronics, and Lighting Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Electricity 3 Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 LPG 5 Total Consumption (quadrillion Btu) 1978 4.26 0.40 2.05 0.23 6.94 0.31 1.04 0.29 0.14 0.06 1.53 0.28 1.46 0.03 1.77 1980 3.41 .27 1.30 .23 5.21 .36 1.15 .30 .22

  20. Linkages of DOE'S Energy Storage R & D to Batteries and Ultracapacitor...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... U S A B CA b us e T es t P r oc ed ur es Manual T es t s for elec t r oc h emi c al s t ... Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Moltech Power Systems, Inc. Morgan ...

  1. Microsoft Word - PBII Plenary Paper.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... E2.3:25. 3 S. Qin, Y. Zhou, and C. Chan, IEEE Trans. of Plasma Sci. 27 (1999) 766-771. ... Instrum. & Methods B 55 (1991) 898-901. 25 41 C. Yu and N. W. Cheung, IEEE Elec. Dev. ...

  2. Enrichment and Broad Representation of Plant Biomass-Degrading Enzymes in the Specialized Hyphal Swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the Fungal Symbiont of Leaf-Cutter Ants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Khadempour, Lily; Tremmel, Daniel; McDonald, Bradon R.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Wu, Si; Moore, Ronald J.; Orton, Daniel J.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Smith, Richard D.; Lipton, Mary S.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.; Currie, Cameron R.

    2015-08-28

    Leaf-cutter ants are prolific and conspicuous Neotropical herbivores that derive energy from specialized fungus gardens they cultivate using foliar biomass. The basidiomycetous cultivar of the ants, Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, produces specialized hyphal swellings called gongylidia that serve as the primary food source of ant colonies. Gongylidia also contain lignocellulases that become concentrated in ant digestive tracts and are deposited within fecal droplets onto fresh foliar material as it is foraged by the ants. Although the enzymes concentrated by L. gongylophorus within gongylidia are thought to be critical to the initial degradation of plant biomass, only a few enzymes present in these hyphal swellings have been identified. Here we use proteomic methods to identify proteins present in the gongylidia of three Atta cephalotes colonies. Our results demonstrate that a diverse but consistent set of enzymes is present in gongylidia, including numerous lignocellulases likely involved in the degradation of polysaccharides, plant toxins, and proteins. Overall, gongylidia contained over three-quarters of all lignocellulases identified in the L. gongylophorus genome, demonstrating that the majority of the enzymes produced by this fungus for biomass breakdown are ingested by the ants. We also identify a set of 23 lignocellulases enriched in gongylidia compared to whole fungus garden samples, suggesting that certain enzymes may be particularly important in the initial degradation of foliar material. Our work sheds light on the complex interplay between leaf-cutter ants and their fungal symbiont that allows for the host insects to occupy an herbivorous niche by indirectly deriving energy from plant biomass.

  3. The Phenazine 2-Hydroxy-Phenazine-1-Carboxylic Acid Promotes Extracellular DNA Release and Has Broad Transcriptomic Consequences in Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30–84

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Dongping; Yu, Jun Myoung; Dorosky, Robert J.; Pierson, Leland S.; Pierson, Elizabeth A.

    2016-01-26

    Enhanced production of 2-hydroxy-phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (2-OH-PCA) by the biological control strain Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30–84 derivative 30-84O* was shown previously to promote cell adhesion and alter the three-dimensional structure of surfaceattached biofilms compared to the wild type. The current study demonstrates that production of 2-OH-PCA promotes the release of extracellular DNA, which is correlated with the production of structured biofilm matrix. Moreover, the essential role of the extracellular DNA in maintaining the mass and structure of the 30–84 biofilm matrix is demonstrated. To better understand the role of different phenazines in biofilm matrix production and gene expression, transcriptomic analyses were conductedmore » comparing gene expression patterns of populations of wild type, 30-84O* and a derivative of 30–84 producing only PCA (30-84PCA) to a phenazine defective mutant (30-84ZN) when grown in static cultures. RNA-Seq analyses identified a group of 802 genes that were differentially expressed by the phenazine producing derivatives compared to 30-84ZN, including 240 genes shared by the two 2-OH-PCA producing derivatives, the wild type and 30-84O*. A gene cluster encoding a bacteriophage- derived pyocin and its lysis cassette was upregulated in 2-OH-PCA producing derivatives. A holin encoded in this gene cluster was found to contribute to the release of eDNA in 30–84 biofilm matrices, demonstrating that the influence of 2-OH-PCA on eDNA production is due in part to cell autolysis as a result of pyocin production and release. The results expand the current understanding of the functions different phenazines play in the survival of bacteria in biofilm-forming communities.« less

  4. Amino acid modified Ni catalyst exhibits reversible H2 oxidation/production over a broad pH range at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutta, Arnab; DuBois, Daniel L.; Roberts, John A.; Shaw, Wendy J.

    2014-11-18

    Hydrogenases interconvert H2 and protons at high rates and with high energy efficiencies, providing inspiration for the development of molecular catalysts. Studies designed to determine how the protein scaffold can influence a catalytically active site has led to the synthesis of amino acid derivatives, [Ni(PCy2NAmino acid2)2]2+ (CyAA), of [Ni(PR2NR'2)2]2+ complexes. It is shown that these CyAA derivatives can catalyze fully reversible H2 production/oxidation, a feature reminiscent of enzymes. The reversibility is achieved in acidic aqueous solutions, 0.25% H2/Ar, and elevated temperatures (tested up to 348 K) for the glycine (CyGly), arginine (CyArg), and arginine methyl ester (CyArgOMe) derivatives. As expected for a reversible process, the activity is dependent upon H2 and proton concentration. CyArg is significantly faster in both directions than the other two derivatives (~300 s-1 H2 production and 20 s-1 H2 oxidation; pH=1, 348 K). The significantly slower rates for CyArgOMe (35 s-1 production and 7 s-1 oxidation) compared to CyArg suggests an important role for the COOH group during catalysis. That CyArg is faster than CyGly (3 s-1 production and 4 s-1 oxidation under the same conditions) suggests that the additional structural features imparted by the guanidinium groups facilitate fast and reversible H2 addition/release. These observations demonstrate that appended, outer coordination sphere amino acids work in synergy with the active site and can play an equally important role for synthetic molecular electrocatalysts as the protein scaffold does for redox active enzymes. This work was funded by the Office of Science Early Career Research Program through the US DOE, BES (AD, WJS), and the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US DOE, BES (DLD, JASR). PNNL is operated by Battelle for the US DOE.

  5. Enrichment and broad representation of plant biomass-degrading enzymes in the specialized hyphal swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungal symbiont of leaf-cutter ants

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Khadempour, Lily; Tremmel, Daniel M.; McDonald, Bradon R.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Wu, Si; Moore, Ronald J.; Orton, Daniel J.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Piehowski, Paul D.; et al

    2015-08-28

    Leaf-cutter ants are prolific and conspicuous constituents of Neotropical ecosystems that derive energy from specialized fungus gardens they cultivate using prodigious amounts of foliar biomass. The basidiomycetous cultivar of the ants, Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, produces specialized hyphal swellings called gongylidia that serve as the primary food source of ant colonies. Gongylidia also contain plant biomass-degrading enzymes that become concentrated in ant digestive tracts and are deposited within fecal droplets onto fresh foliar material as ants incorporate it into the fungus garden. Although the enzymes concentrated by L. gongylophorus within gongylidia are thought to be critical to the initial degradation of plantmore » biomass, only a few enzymes present in these hyphal swellings have been identified. Here we use proteomic methods to identify proteins present in the gongylidia of three Atta cephalotes colonies. Our results demonstrate that a diverse but consistent set of enzymes is present in gongylidia, including numerous plant biomass-degrading enzymes likely involved in the degradation of polysaccharides, plant toxins, and proteins. Overall, gongylidia contained over three quarters of all biomass-degrading enzymes identified in the L. gongylophorus genome, demonstrating that the majority of the enzymes produced by this fungus for biomass breakdown are ingested by the ants. We also identify a set of 40 of these enzymes enriched in gongylidia compared to whole fungus garden samples, suggesting that certain enzymes may be particularly important in the initial degradation of foliar material. Our work sheds light on the complex interplay between leaf-cutter ants and their fungal symbiont that allows for the host insects to occupy an herbivorous niche by indirectly deriving energy from plant biomass.« less

  6. Life history and habitat associations of the broad wood cockroach, Parcoblatta lata (Blattaria: Blattellidae) and other native cockroaches in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horn, Scott; Hanula, James, L.

    2002-06-18

    Wood cockroaches are an important prey of the red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis, an endangered species inhabiting pine forests in the southern United States. These woodpeckers forage on the boles of live pine trees, but their prey consists of a high proportion of wood cockroaches, Parcoblatta spp., that are more commonly associated with dead plant material. Cockroach population density samples were conducted on live pine trees, dead snags and coarse woody debris on the ground. The studies showed that snags and logs are also important habitats of wood cockroaches in pine forests.

  7. Human monoclonal antibodies derived from a patient infected with 2009 pandemic influenza A virus broadly cross-neutralize group 1 influenza viruses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan, Yang; Sasaki, Tadahiro; Du, Anariwa; and others

    2014-07-18

    Highlights: Influenza infection can elicit heterosubtypic antibodies to group 1 influenza virus. Three human monoclonal antibodies were generated from an H1N1-infected patient. The antibodies predominantly recognized ?-helical stem of viral hemagglutinin (HA). The antibodies inhibited HA structural activation during the fusion process. The antibodies are potential candidates for future antibody therapy to influenza. - Abstract: Influenza viruses are a continuous threat to human public health because of their ability to evolve rapidly through genetic drift and reassortment. Three human monoclonal antibodies (HuMAbs) were generated in this study, 1H11, 2H5 and 5G2, and they cross-neutralize a diverse range of group 1 influenza A viruses, including seasonal H1N1, 2009 pandemic H1N1 (H1N1pdm) and avian H5N1 and H9N2. The three HuMAbs were prepared by fusing peripheral blood lymphocytes from an H1N1pdm-infected patient with a newly developed fusion partner cell line, SPYMEG. All the HuMAbs had little hemagglutination inhibition activity but had strong membrane-fusion inhibition activity against influenza viruses. A protease digestion assay showed the HuMAbs targeted commonly a short ?-helix region in the stalk of the hemagglutinin. Furthermore, Ile45Phe and Glu47Gly double substitutions in the ?-helix region made the HA unrecognizable by the HuMAbs. These two amino acid residues are highly conserved in the HAs of H1N1, H5N1 and H9N2 viruses. The HuMAbs reported here may be potential candidates for the development of therapeutic antibodies against group 1 influenza viruses.

  8. appguideformatWeb.pub

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Wind energy has been used since the earliest civilization to grind grain, pump water from deep wells, and power sailboats. Wind- mills in pre-industrial Europe were used for many things, including irrigation or drainage pumping, grain-grinding, saw-milling of timber, and the processing of other commodities such as spices, cocoa, paints and dyes, and tobacco. Before the U.S. installed an infrastructure of electricity wires, both water-pumping windmills and small wind elec- tric turbines

  9. Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle Improved Recovery of Waste Heat in Industrial Processes Introduction Waste heat from turbines and engines used in industrial ap- plications along with waste heat from industrial processes are exceptionally abundant sources of energy. If even a fraction of this waste heat could be economically converted to useful elec- tricity, it would have a tangible and very positive impact on the economic health, energy consumption, and carbon

  10. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Colorado" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Co of Colorado","Investor-owned",28861229,9266046,12881189,6652330,61664 2,"City of Colorado Springs - (CO)","Public",4553294,1461825,1106926,1984543,0 3,"Intermountain Rural Elec

  11. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Jersey" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Elec & Gas Co","Investor-owned",19192403,11493325,6936055,763023,0 2,"Jersey Central Power & Lt Co","Investor-owned",9947655,7417321,2298350,231984,0 3,"Direct Energy Business Marketing,

  12. NRELs Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DEVAP Slashes Peak Power Loads Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-condi- tioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the elec- tricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equip- ment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on

  13. Critical Materials Strategy Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Critical Materials Strategy Summary 2010 T he United States is on the cusp of a clean energy rev- olution. In its first Critical Materials Strategy, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) focuses on materials used in four clean energy technologies: wind turbines, elec- tric vehicles, solar cells and energy-efficient lighting (Table 1). The Strategy evaluates the extent to which widespread deployment of these technologies may increase worldwide demand for rare earth elements and certain other

  14. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Executive Summary

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Executive Summary In the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct), Con- gress directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on elec- tric transmission congestion and constraints within the Eastern and Western Interconnections. The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) further directed the Secretary to in- clude in the 2009 Congestion Study an analysis of significant potential sources of renewable energy that are constrained by lack of adequate

  15. Impact of TBI on late effects in children treated by megatherapy for Stage IV neuroblastoma. A study of the French Society of Pediatric oncology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flandin, Isabelle; Michon, Jean; Pinkerton, Ross; Coze, Carole; Stephan, Jean Louis; Fourquet, Bernard; Valteau-Couanet, Dominique; Bergeron, Christophe; Philip, Thierry; Carrie, Christian . E-mail: carrie@lyon.fnclcc.fr

    2006-04-01

    Purpose: To determine the contribution of total body irradiation (TBI) to late sequelae in children treated with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation for Stage IV neuroblastoma. Patients and Methods: We compared two populations that were similar with regard to age, stage, pre-autologous bone marrow transplantation chemotherapy (CT) regimen, period of treatment, and follow-up (12 years). The TBI group (n = 32) received TBI as part of the megatherapy procedure (1982-1993), whereas the CT group (n 30) received conditioning without TBI (1985-1992). Analysis 12 years later focused on growth, weight and corpulence (body mass index) delay; hormonal deficiencies; liver, kidney, heart, ear, eye, and dental sequelae; school performance; and the incidence of secondary tumors. Results: Impact of TBI was most marked in relation to growth and weight delay, although the mean delay was not severe, probably because of treatment with growth hormones. Other consequences of TBI were thyroid insufficiency, cataracts, and a high incidence of secondary tumors. Hearing loss and dental agenesis were more prominent in the group treated with CT alone. No differences were observed in school performance. Conclusion: The most frequent side effects of TBI were cataracts, thyroid insufficiency, and growth delay, but more worrying is the risk of secondary tumors. Because of the young mean age of patients and the toxicity of TBI regimens without any survival advantage, regimens without TBI are preferable in the management of Stage IV neuroblastoma.

  16. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Bates, Frank (1) Brown, Gordon (1) Crabtree, George (1) French, Roger (1) Greene, Laura ... William ; Bates, Frank ; Brown, Gordon ; French, Roger ; Greene, Laura ; Hemminger, John ...

  17. EM's Richland Operations Office Completes Chromium Cleanup along...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Columbia River," said Mark French, the federal project director for the river corridor. ... the source term will greatly reduce life-cycle groundwater treatment costs," French said. ...

  18. Solaire Durance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solaire Durance Place: France Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture between French state bank la Caisse des Dpots and French solar power...

  19. Enrichment and broad representation of plant biomass-degrading enzymes in the specialized hyphal swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the fungal symbiont of leaf-cutter ants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylward, Frank O.; Khadempour, Lily; Tremmel, Daniel M.; McDonald, Bradon R.; Nicora, Carrie D.; Wu, Si; Moore, Ronald J.; Orton, Daniel J.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Piehowski, Paul D.; Purvine, Samuel O.; Smith, Richard D.; Lipton, Mary S.; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E.; Currie, Cameron R.; Brady, Sean

    2015-08-28

    Leaf-cutter ants are prolific and conspicuous constituents of Neotropical ecosystems that derive energy from specialized fungus gardens they cultivate using prodigious amounts of foliar biomass. The basidiomycetous cultivar of the ants, Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, produces specialized hyphal swellings called gongylidia that serve as the primary food source of ant colonies. Gongylidia also contain plant biomass-degrading enzymes that become concentrated in ant digestive tracts and are deposited within fecal droplets onto fresh foliar material as ants incorporate it into the fungus garden. Although the enzymes concentrated by L. gongylophorus within gongylidia are thought to be critical to the initial degradation of plant biomass, only a few enzymes present in these hyphal swellings have been identified. Here we use proteomic methods to identify proteins present in the gongylidia of three Atta cephalotes colonies. Our results demonstrate that a diverse but consistent set of enzymes is present in gongylidia, including numerous plant biomass-degrading enzymes likely involved in the degradation of polysaccharides, plant toxins, and proteins. Overall, gongylidia contained over three quarters of all biomass-degrading enzymes identified in the L. gongylophorus genome, demonstrating that the majority of the enzymes produced by this fungus for biomass breakdown are ingested by the ants. We also identify a set of 40 of these enzymes enriched in gongylidia compared to whole fungus garden samples, suggesting that certain enzymes may be particularly important in the initial degradation of foliar material. Our work sheds light on the complex interplay between leaf-cutter ants and their fungal symbiont that allows for the host insects to occupy an herbivorous niche by indirectly deriving energy from plant biomass.

  20. Richard Gerber Helen He, Zhengji Zhao, Chris Daley NUG Monthly

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gerber Helen He, Zhengji Zhao, Chris Daley NUG Monthly Meeting --- 1 --- NUG M onthly M ee-ng October 2 , 2 014 Agenda * Hopper and Edison Status Updates * ERCAP ( Alloca-ons) U pdate * Queue C ommiIee T opics * NUGEX Elec-ons * NUG 2 015 M ee-ng P lanning * Mini---Seminar: S teps t o i mprove t he p erformance o f a h ydrodynamics a pplica-on o n t he I ntel M IC architecture --- 2 --- Edison Update" Zhengji Zhao, User Services --- 3 --- Edison Updates * 9/25 7 :30 P DT --- 9 /28 1 :30 P

  1. Word Pro - S12

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 12.4 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide a ) Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas b Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity g Total h Distillate Fuel Oil c Kero- sene LPG d Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline e Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other f Total 1973 Total .................... 371 -1 536 106 11 44 7 18 52 144 100 483 515 1,904 1975 Total .................... 336 2 440 97 9 39 6 16 51 117 97 431 490 1,697 1980 Total

  2. Word Pro - S12

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review February 2016 Table 12.5 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide a ) Coal Natural Gas b Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity f Total g Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil c Jet Fuel LPG d Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline e Residual Fuel Oil Total 1973 Total ........................ (s) 39 6 163 152 3 6 886 57 1,273 2 1,315 1975 Total ........................ (s) 32 5 155

  3. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy b Elec- tricity Net Imports e Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum Total Hydro- electric Power d Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total ...................... 2,199 651 472 3,322 0 1,346 NA NA NA 5 1,351 6 4,679 1955 Total ...................... 3,458 1,194 471 5,123 0 1,322 NA NA NA 3 1,325 14 6,461 1960 Total

  4. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales f Electrical System Energy Losses g Total Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 1,542 401 872 2,815 NA NA NA NA 19 19 2,834 225 834 3,893 1955 Total .................... 801 651 1,095 2,547 NA NA NA NA 15 15 2,561 350 984 3,895 1960 Total

  5. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5 Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales g Electrical System Energy Losses h Total e Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total e Hydro- electric Power f Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 5,781 3,546 3,960 13,288 69 NA NA NA 532 602 13,890 500 1,852 16,241 1955 Total .................... 5,620 4,701 5,123 15,434 38 NA NA NA 631 669 16,103 887

  6. 2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Residential

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Residential (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A & 4D and EIA-861S) Entity State Ownership Customers (Count) Sales (Megawatthours) Revenues (Thousands Dollars) Average Price (cents/kWh) Alaska Electric Light&Power Co AK Investor Owned 14,115 141,151 16,728.0 11.85 Alaska Power and Telephone Co AK Investor Owned 5,328 24,116 7,301.0 30.27 Alaska Village Elec Coop, Inc AK Cooperative 7,869 35,665 21,188.0 59.41 Anchorage Municipal Light and Power AK Municipal 24,429 133,411 21,435.0

  7. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 Year Alternative and Replacement Fuels 1 Liquefied Petroleum Gases Compressed Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Methanol, 85 Percent (M85) 3 Methanol, Neat (M100) 4 Ethanol, 85 Percent (E85) 3,5 Ethanol, 95 Percent (E95) 3 Elec- tricity 6 Hydro- gen Other Fuels 7 Subtotal Oxygenates 2 Bio- diesel 10 Total Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether 8 Ethanol in Gasohol 9 Total Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use

  8. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7 Table 11.2c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 8 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kero- sene LPG 5 Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline 6 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 7 Total Wood 9 Waste 10 Fuel Ethanol 11 Total 1949 500 -1 166 41 18 3 3 16 8 95 25 209 120 995 44 NA NA 44 1950 531 (s) 184 51 20 4 3 18 8 110

  9. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 11.2d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 7 Total 2 Biomass 2 Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Jet Fuel LPG 5 Lubricants Motor Gasoline 6 Residual Fuel Oil Total Fuel Ethanol 8 Biodiesel Total 1949 161 NA 12 30 NA (s) 4 306 91 443 6 611 NA NA NA 1950 146 7

  10. Table 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 Year Alternative and Replacement Fuels 1 Liquefied Petroleum Gases Compressed Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Methanol, 85 Percent (M85) 3 Methanol, Neat (M100) 4 Ethanol, 85 Percent (E85) 3,5 Ethanol, 95 Percent (E95) 3 Elec- tricity 6 Hydro- gen Other Fuels 7 Subtotal Oxygenates 2 Bio- diesel 10 Total Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether 8 Ethanol in Gasohol 9 Total Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use 11

  11. Table 11.2c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide )

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1) Year Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 8 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kero- sene LPG 5 Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline 6 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 7 Total Wood 9 Waste 10 Fuel Ethanol 11 Total 1949 500 -1 166 41 18 3 3 16 8 95 25 209 120 995 44 NA NA 44 1950 531 (s) 184 51 20 4 3 18 8 110 26 239 140 1,095 50 NA NA 50

  12. Table 11.2d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide )

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 7 Total 2 Biomass 2 Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Jet Fuel LPG 5 Lubricants Motor Gasoline 6 Residual Fuel Oil Total Fuel Ethanol 8 Biodiesel Total 1949 161 NA 12 30 NA (s) 4 306 91 443 6 611 NA NA NA 1950 146 7 14 35 NA (s) 5 332 95 481 6 640 NA NA NA 1951 129 11 18 42 NA (s) 6 360 102 529 7 675 NA NA NA

  13. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alaska" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Golden Valley Elec Assn Inc","Cooperative",1253161,286768,133156,833237,0 2,"Chugach Electric Assn Inc","Cooperative",1162364,534522,573447,54395,0 3,"Anchorage Municipal Light and Power","Public",1047470,139733,907737,0,0

  14. Released: June 2006

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Cooling Energy Sources, Number of Buildings and Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)",,,,,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Build- ings*","Build- ings with Cooling","Cooling Energy Sources (more than one may apply)",,,"All Build- ings*","Build- ings with Cooling","Cooling Energy Sources (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural

  15. b22.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Released: Dec 2006 Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007 Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* .................................. 4,645 4,414 4,404 2,391 451 67 33 502 132 Table B22. Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Number of Buildings (thousand) Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply) All Buildings* Buildings Using Any Energy Source Number of Workers (main shift) Fewer than 5

  16. NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NUG Teleconference Dec. 2012 --- 1 --- December 4 , 2 012 NUG Teleconference Dec. 2012 * System status update * Edison update * ERCAP / A lloca?ons u pdate * Brief h ello f rom n ew N ERSC D irector Sudip D osanjh * NUGEX elec?ons * Role o f N UGEX m embers * NUG f ace---to---face m ee?ng i n F ebruary * Recap o f H EP r equirements m ee?ng N ov. 2 7---28 - FES M arch 1 9---20, 2 013 --- 2 --- System Status Update * No Hopper outages since scheduled maintenance on Nov. 13 * Only 1 ( 2?) C arver

  17. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand $)","RES_SALES (

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1998,1,4908,24636,4694,29431,1351,11643,1370,5978,12322,71688 213,"Alaska Electric Light&Power Co","AK",1998,1,1430,14868,354,3934,363,4986,459,6435,2606,30223 599,"Anchorage Mun Light and Power","AK",1998,1,1536,16776,4633,63484,0,0,103,993,6272,81253 3522,"Chugach Electric Assn, Inc.","AK",1998,1,5237,53636,3662,48363,171,2657,110,629,9180,105285 7353,"Golden Valley Elec Assn,

  18. Recent Development of SOFC Metallic Interconnect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu JW, Liu XB

    2010-04-01

    Interest in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) stems from their higher eciencies and lower levels of emitted pollu- tants, compared to traditional power production methods. Interconnects are a critical part in SOFC stacks, which connect cells in series electrically, and also separate air or oxygen at the cathode side from fuel at the anode side. Therefore, the requirements of interconnects are the most demanding, i:e:, to maintain high elec- trical conductivity, good stability in both reducing and oxidizing atmospheres, and close coecient of thermal expansion (CTE) match and good compatibility with other SOFC ceramic components. The paper reviewed the interconnect materials, and coatings for metallic interconnect materials.

  19. Livingston Parish, Louisiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Louisiana French Settlement, Louisiana Killian, Louisiana Livingston, Louisiana Port Vincent, Louisiana Springfield, Louisiana Walker, Louisiana Retrieved from "http:...

  20. Comparison of JSFR design with EDF requirements for future SFR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uematsu, M. M.; Prele, G.; Mariteau, P.; Sauvage, J. F.; Hayafune, H.; Chikazawa, Y.

    2012-07-01

    A comparison of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor (JSFR) design with future French SFR concept has been done based on the requirement of EDF, the investor-operator of future French SFR, and the French safety baseline, under the framework of EDF-JAEA bilateral agreement of research and development cooperation on future SFR. (authors)

  1. Improved DC Gun Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sah, R.; Dudas, A.; Neubauer, M. L.; Poelker, M.; Surles-Law, K. E.L.

    2010-05-23

    Many user facilities such as synchrotron radiation light sources and free electron lasers require accelerating structures that support electric fields of 10-100 MV/m, especially at the start of the accelerator chain where ceramic insulators are used for very high gradient DC guns. These insulators are difficult to manufacture, require long commissioning times, and often exhibit poor reliability. Two technical approaches to solving this problem will be investigated. Firstly, inverted ceramics offer solutions for reduced gradients between the electrodes and ground. An inverted design will be presented for 350 kV, with maximum gradients in the range of 5-10 MV/m. Secondly, novel ceramic manufacturing processes will be studied, in order to protect triple junction locations from emission, by applying a coating with a bulk resistivity. The processes for creating this coating will be optimized to provide protection as well as be used to coat a ceramic with an appropriate gradient in bulk resistivity from the vacuum side to the air side of an HV standoff ceramic cylinder. Example insulator designs are being computer modelled, and insulator samples are being manufactured and tested

  2. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 2.8 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years (Trillion Btu) Fiscal Year a Coal Natural Gas b Petroleum Other Mobility Fuels f Elec- tricity Purchased Steam and Other g Total Aviation Gasoline Fuel Oil c Jet Fuel LPG d Motor Gasoline e Total 1975 .............. 77.9 166.2 22.0 376.0 707.4 5.6 63.2 1,174.2 0.0 141.5 5.1 1,565.0 1976 .............. 71.3 151.8 11.6 329.7 610.0 4.7 60.4 1,016.4 .0 139.3 4.6 1,383.4 1977 .............. 68.4 141.2 8.8 348.5 619.2 4.1 61.4

  3. 2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Commercial

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Commercial (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A & 4D and EIA-861S) Entity State Ownership Customers (Count) Sales (Megawatthours) Revenues (Thousands Dollars) Average Price (cents/kWh) Alaska Electric Light&Power Co AK Investor Owned 2,253 125,452 12,449.0 9.92 Alaska Power and Telephone Co AK Investor Owned 2,302 38,952 10,341.0 26.55 Alaska Village Elec Coop, Inc AK Cooperative 2,960 62,209 32,334.0 51.98 Anchorage Municipal Light and Power AK Municipal 6,362 879,373 113,515.6 12.91

  4. 2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Total

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A & 4D and EIA-861S) Entity State Ownership Customers (Count) Sales (Megawatthours) Revenues (Thousands Dollars) Average Price (cents/kWh) Alaska Electric Light&Power Co AK Investor Owned 16,464 399,492 41,691.0 10.44 Alaska Power and Telephone Co AK Investor Owned 7,630 63,068 17,642.0 27.97 Alaska Village Elec Coop, Inc AK Cooperative 10,829 97,874 53,522.0 54.68 Anchorage Municipal Light and Power AK Municipal 30,791 1,012,784 134,950.6 13.32

  5. NERSC Staff

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Introduction to OpenMP Programming Agenda * Basic i nforma,on - An s elec(ve i ntroduc(on t o t he p rogramming m odel. - Direc(ves f or w ork p aralleliza(on a nd s ynchroniza(on. - Some h ints o n u sage * Hands---on Lab - Wri(ng c ompiling a nd e xecu(ng s imple O penMP programs. * Presenta,on a vailable a t - module load training! - cp $EXAMPLES/NUG/Presentations/ IntroToOpenMP.pptx! Agenda * New stuff - Constructs i ntroduced i n OpenMP 3 .0 * Not t asking * Hands---on Lab What is

  6. b30.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    District Chilled Water Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water All Buildings* .................................. 4,645 3,625 3,589 17 33 64,783 56,940 54,321 1,018 2,853 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ................................... 2,552 1,841 1,838 Q Q 6,789 5,007 4,994 Q Q 5,001 to 10,000 ................................. 889 732 727 Q Q 6,585 5,408 5,367 Q Q 10,001 to 25,000 ............................... 738 629 618 Q Q 11,535 9,922 9,743 Q Q 25,001 to

  7. NUG Monthly

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Webinar - January 2015 --- 1 --- NUG M onthly M ee-ng January 1 5, 2 015 Agenda * 2015 S ystem A vailability S chedule - E lizabeth * NUG 2 015 - F eb 2 3---26, B erkeley/Oakland * 2014 U ser S urvey - D ave T urner * NUGEX Elec-ons * Changes f or t he 2 015 A lloca-on Y ear - D ave T urner * System Updates - Edison - Z hengji Z hao/Tina D eclerck - Hopper - H elen H e * New in M yNERSC - J ack Deslippe * NERSC 2 4x7 S ervices - E lizabeth B au-sta --- 2 --- Early AY15 Maintenance * Tuesday J

  8. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NAD_UTIL","FILLER","EFFDATE","STATUS","MULTIST","YEAR","GEN01","CON01","STK01","GEN02","CON02","STK02","GEN03","CON03","STK03","GEN04","CON04","STK04","GEN05","CON05","STK05","GEN06","CON06","STK06","GEN07","CON07","STK07","GEN08","CON08","STK08","GEN09","CON09","STK09","GEN10","CON10","STK10","GEN11","CON11","STK11","GEN12","CON12","STK12","PCODE","NERC","UTILCODE","FUELDESC","PMDESC" 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,15,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","HOWLAND",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,772,0,0,858,0,0,1012,0,0,727,0,0,1061,0,0,917,0,0,385,0,0,118,0,0,0,0,0,657,0,0,905,0,0,820,0,0,1472,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2116,0,0,1715,0,0,1459,0,0,1821,0,0,1946,0,0,2134,0,0,2157,0,0,1797,0,0,1745,0,0,1829,0,0,2224,0,0,2386,0,0,1474,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,553,181,307,419,0,0,593,31,55,538,66,120,418,219,399,383,324,598,481,313,579,614,97,178,575,1,2,573,0,0,608,98,171,611,1474,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,19,35,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MILFORD",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,3843,0,0,3348,0,0,4177,0,0,3759,0,0,4855,0,0,4740,0,0,2971,0,0,2432,0,0,1786,0,0,1561,0,0,3510,0,0,4606,0,0,1475,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,45,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ORONO",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,895,0,0,836,0,0,966,0,0,576,0,0,624,0,0,736,0,0,684,0,0,464,0,0,408,0,0,616,0,0,849,0,0,896,0,0,1476,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,55,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","STILLWATER",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,1191,0,0,844,0,0,939,0,0,1021,0,0,1114,0,0,1181,0,0,1170,0,0,878,0,0,818,0,0,880,0,0,923,0,0,950,0,0,1478,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,60,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE A",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,4314,0,0,3855,0,0,5043,0,0,5153,0,0,6053,0,0,5342,0,0,3542,0,0,2651,0,0,2281,0,0,3932,0,0,5128,0,0,3842,0,0,1479,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,62,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE B",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7199,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,68,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","BAR HARBOR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,42,73,538,379,659,574,0,0,574,73,128,446,69,125,512,225,420,440,312,579,556,449,813,455,32,60,586,49,89,497,6,10,487,152,264,571,1466,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,19,75,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","EASTPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,39,70,576,80,139,412,0,0,586,10,18,557,32,58,494,111,204,464,172,317,495,182,334,509,19,36,472,0,0,470,15,29,429,67,117,460,1468,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDROSCOG 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2536,0,0,2573,0,0,2732,0,0,2703,0,0,2639,0,0,2235,0,0,2379,0,0,2201,0,0,1657,0,0,2352,0,0,2282,0,0,2805,0,0,1480,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,10,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BAR MILLS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2420,0,0,1389,0,0,2414,0,0,2364,0,0,2584,0,0,1195,0,0,623,0,0,586,0,0,293,0,0,1310,0,0,2401,0,0,2056,0,0,1481,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,20,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BONNY EAGLE",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,6041,0,0,3654,0,0,5858,0,0,5255,0,0,4575,0,0,2217,0,0,1233,0,0,1084,0,0,592,0,0,3323,0,0,7098,0,0,4100,0,0,1482,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,40,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CATARACT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5330,0,0,4194,0,0,4953,0,0,4656,0,0,4888,0,0,5331,0,0,818,0,0,662,0,0,102,0,0,2232,0,0,5064,0,0,4090,0,0,1486,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,42,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CONTINENTAL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-14,0,0,-15,0,0,322,0,0,72,0,0,147,0,0,12,0,0,3,0,0,13,0,0,15,0,0,109,0,0,555,0,0,-18,0,0,1487,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,50,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","DEER RIP 1",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2694,0,0,2434,0,0,4080,0,0,3776,0,0,4034,0,0,2023,0,0,686,0,0,215,0,0,83,0,0,1916,0,0,3984,0,0,3453,0,0,1488,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,60,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","FT HALIFAX",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,959,0,0,424,0,0,1026,0,0,961,0,0,925,0,0,526,0,0,51,0,0,5,0,0,155,0,0,380,0,0,977,0,0,659,0,0,1490,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,75,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","GULF ISLAND",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,10764,0,0,9131,0,0,13512,0,0,13282,0,0,13485,0,0,8299,0,0,5537,0,0,4070,0,0,2892,0,0,9130,0,0,15549,0,0,11464,0,0,1491,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,80,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HARRIS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,14325,0,0,24479,0,0,22937,0,0,6538,0,0,5448,0,0,21283,0,0,13285,0,0,11928,0,0,12813,0,0,10770,0,0,19708,0,0,26783,0,0,1492,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,85,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HIRAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5791,0,0,3447,0,0,5873,0,0,6762,0,0,6516,0,0,2778,0,0,1397,0,0,1182,0,0,155,0,0,2992,0,0,7160,0,0,4285,0,0,1493,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,90,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 2",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1280,0,0,585,0,0,1625,0,0,606,0,0,869,0,0,350,0,0,2,0,0,-1,0,0,9,0,0,710,0,0,1668,0,0,745,0,0,1497,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,95,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,753,0,0,330,0,0,977,0,0,349,0,0,507,0,0,180,0,0,0,0,0,-6,0,0,0,0,0,414,0,0,1038,0,0,416,0,0,1498,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,100,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 4",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,405,0,0,183,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1499,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,105,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 5",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,699,0,0,292,0,0,0,0,0,378,0,0,0,0,0,203,0,0,13,0,0,9,0,0,4,0,0,408,0,0,923,0,0,390,0,0,1500,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,110,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","NO GORHAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1215,0,0,963,0,0,842,0,0,520,0,0,455,0,0,503,0,0,595,0,0,604,0,0,413,0,0,340,0,0,740,0,0,1180,0,0,1501,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,125,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SHAWMUT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5226,0,0,5495,0,0,6547,0,0,5776,0,0,5295,0,0,4910,0,0,3475,0,0,2346,0,0,2571,0,0,3529,0,0,4803,0,0,6066,0,0,1504,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,130,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SKELTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,13276,0,0,8614,0,0,12134,0,0,11304,0,0,11550,0,0,5199,0,0,2833,0,0,2610,0,0,687,0,0,6731,0,0,13037,0,0,9456,0,0,1505,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,145,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WEST BUXTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,4424,0,0,2556,0,0,4381,0,0,3723,0,0,3292,0,0,1602,0,0,798,0,0,745,0,0,418,0,0,1944,0,0,4334,0,0,3045,0,0,1508,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,150,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WESTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,8095,0,0,8443,0,0,9513,0,0,8520,0,0,7843,0,0,7850,0,0,5819,0,0,4618,0,0,4257,0,0,5361,0,0,7925,0,0,9347,0,0,1509,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,155,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WILLIAMS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,9171,0,0,9162,0,0,10255,0,0,6585,0,0,7543,0,0,8658,0,0,6098,0,0,5593,0,0,5308,0,0,5891,0,0,8857,0,0,10646,0,0,1510,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,160,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN HYDRO",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,30298,0,0,37016,0,0,38382,0,0,18735,0,0,24745,0,0,31774,0,0,20433,0,0,17564,0,0,16353,0,0,19735,0,0,40234,0,0,38504,0,0,1511,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,4,2,37,175,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CAPE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,40,282,7937,40,336,7601,-57,44,7557,-40,24,7533,5,162,7371,38,208,7316,611,1872,6581,497,1571,5887,-24,32,5855,-32,27,5828,-45,25,5803,-25,145,5552,1484,6,50491,"FO2","GT" 11,23,1,2,2,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1587,1149,810,1542,1579,117,264,1534,980,1825,1680,366,883,1468,854,1640,1807,783,1460,2327,653,1307,1677,115,266,1410,20,76,1335,486,1282,2039,604,1177,2212,1507,6,50491,"FO2","ST" 11,23,1,2,3,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"HEAVY OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,47051,97029,319010,122493,214459,275338,22777,47240,228098,127804,222606,207728,22560,50003,278752,79660,140051,253816,153893,263859,173676,74046,134076,202289,16596,35140,288543,3258,10955,197963,18538,44437,353526,107031,192190,308382,1507,6,50491,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,37,204,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ISLESBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1494,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,37,206,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","PEAK IS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1502,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,210,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BRUNSWICK",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,7964,0,0,6898,0,0,11266,0,0,10237,0,0,10095,0,0,6009,0,0,3698,0,0,2974,0,0,2429,0,0,6541,0,0,12216,0,0,8541,0,0,1483,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,215,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","W CHANNEL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-33,0,0,-20,0,0,-22,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-21,0,0,-1,0,0,19,0,0,-11,0,0,-22,0,0,695,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,220,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES UPPER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-41,0,0,-34,0,0,610,0,0,144,0,0,273,0,0,15,0,0,1,0,0,15,0,0,18,0,0,217,0,0,4223,0,0,-30,0,0,7044,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,225,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,-17,0,0,-16,0,0,-8,0,0,-2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,-3,0,0,-17,0,0,7045,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,235,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDRO LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,23,0,0,-11,0,0,21,0,0,-2,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,38,0,0,-14,0,0,7047,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,240,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HILL MILL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,183,0,0,-6,0,0,60,0,0,2,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,105,0,0,467,0,0,-6,0,0,7048,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,245,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","C E MONTY",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,11840,0,0,10124,0,0,14280,0,0,13297,0,0,13808,0,0,8324,0,0,5496,0,0,4271,0,0,3199,0,0,9333,0,0,15686,0,0,12247,0,0,805,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,250,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SMELT HILL",0,,3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,400,0,0,352,0,0,239,0,0,180,0,0,162,0,0,191,0,0,178,0,0,-608,0,0,766,0,0,224,0,0,283,0,0,7514,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,"B",37,255,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","AROOSTOOK V",0,"WOOD",3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,165,0,0,134,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7513,6,50491,"WD","ST" 11,23,1,1,,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,454,0,0,469,0,0,519,0,0,451,0,0,454,0,0,410,0,0,48,0,0,1,0,0,-2,0,0,178,0,0,536,0,0,504,0,0,1513,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,3,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"HEAVY OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,343,903,9375,592,1410,7984,-32,0,8005,-29,0,7995,-26,6,8015,-27,4,8057,-26,0,8067,222,644,7448,-28,0,7396,-29,0,7390,857,1841,5557,2237,4973,2370,1513,6,51747,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,50,251,1746,5,143,1693,-65,0,1583,78,225,1932,-18,17,1865,-9,6,1829,38,115,1683,233,500,1802,86,210,1776,-6,65,2071,-56,28,1948,244,599,2098,1513,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,94,10,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","SQUA PAN",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,115,0,0,363,0,0,152,0,0,-10,0,0,-7,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-6,0,0,-7,0,0,3,0,0,223,0,0,1516,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,94,23,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","FLOS INN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,27,115,314,19,82,232,-29,0,232,19,79,373,-23,2,371,-16,0,371,13,80,290,124,284,232,74,135,323,-3,51,272,-25,8,264,217,451,388,1514,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,94,25,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","HOULTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,6,28,13,-8,1,12,-8,2,10,-8,0,10,-6,0,10,-3,0,10,-2,0,10,-3,0,10,-3,0,10,-4,0,11,-4,2,8,14,34,6,1515,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,2,1,97,1,"MAINE YANKEE ATOMIC PWR C","MAIN YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",11525,"0M",1294,,,95,197577,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1517,6,51748,"UR","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,116,10,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SWANS FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,"R",180,95,-7,0,2,-7,0,2,-6,0,2,-3,0,2,-2,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-3,0,2,0,0,0,1518,6,52411,"FO2","IC" 11,23,5,1,,525,1,"LEWISTON (CITY OF)","ANDRO UPPER",0,,10963,"0A",1294,,,95,296,0,0,378,0,0,310,0,0,424,0,0,264,0,0,390,0,0,256,0,0,258,0,0,304,0,0,270,0,0,342,0,0,324,0,0,7046,6,54168,"WAT","HY" 11,23,5,1,,566,1,"MADISON (CITY OF)","NORRIDGEWCK",0,,11477,"0A",1294,,,95,306,0,0,241,0,0,261,0,0,291,0,0,379,0,0,277,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,26,0,0,121,0,0,197,0,0,224,0,0,6701,6,51737,"WAT","HY" 11,23,8,3,2,835,5,"EASTERN MAINE ELEC COOP","PORTABLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5609,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6366,6,50848,"FO2","IC" 11,23,8,3,2,940,1,"SWANS ISLAND ELEC COOP","MINTURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18368,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1550,6,52863,"FO2","IC" 12,33,1,1,,106,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","COMERFORD",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,34273,0,0,19125,0,0,43429,0,0,11874,0,0,22700,0,0,13853,0,0,5565,0,0,11061,0,0,5412,0,0,30636,0,0,45527,0,0,18948,0,0,2349,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MCINDOES",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4420,0,0,3434,0,0,6350,0,0,3330,0,0,4648,0,0,2664,0,0,1453,0,0,2497,0,0,1353,0,0,4755,0,0,7050,0,0,3740,0,0,6483,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,13,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","S C MOORE",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,29434,0,0,15866,0,0,34014,0,0,9521,0,0,19359,0,0,12124,0,0,4787,0,0,9805,0,0,4357,0,0,27013,0,0,40020,0,0,16551,0,0,2351,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,7120,0,0,5523,0,0,9186,0,0,7993,0,0,7582,0,0,3197,0,0,1355,0,0,2525,0,0,19,0,0,5912,0,0,9702,0,0,7342,0,0,2352,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,1974,0,0,3326,0,0,18722,0,0,7773,0,0,8911,0,0,4713,0,0,4047,0,0,5176,0,0,2849,0,0,9330,0,0,12667,0,0,7471,0,0,2353,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,2,1,123,1,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SEABROOK",0,"NUCLEAR",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,857441,0,0,778373,0,0,863021,0,0,832472,0,0,865152,0,0,495425,0,0,690261,0,0,805711,0,0,800410,0,0,828658,0,0,60958,0,0,501494,0,0,6115,6,52411,"UR","ST" 12,33,1,1,,123,4,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AMOSKEAG",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,10690,0,0,7028,0,0,11425,0,0,749,0,0,15769,0,0,4245,0,0,2251,0,0,3257,0,0,434,0,0,5760,0,0,11044,0,0,6264,0,0,2354,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,6,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AYERS IS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,3909,0,0,2249,0,0,4743,0,0,3555,0,0,4487,0,0,1520,0,0,1448,0,0,1727,0,0,380,0,0,3303,0,0,5711,0,0,2632,0,0,2355,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,16,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","EASTMAN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2843,0,0,1293,0,0,2781,0,0,2587,0,0,2725,0,0,1214,0,0,1763,0,0,10079,0,0,-9794,0,0,1729,0,0,3266,0,0,1701,0,0,2356,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,20,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GARVIN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,5209,0,0,3143,0,0,5693,0,0,4388,0,0,3956,0,0,2019,0,0,755,0,0,1667,0,0,350,0,0,3233,0,0,6336,0,0,3913,0,0,2357,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,22,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GORHAM",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,989,0,0,1031,0,0,1249,0,0,885,0,0,1193,0,0,756,0,0,568,0,0,530,0,0,580,0,0,864,0,0,1116,0,0,1202,0,0,2358,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,28,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","HOOKSETT",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,787,0,0,865,0,0,912,0,0,1164,0,0,1141,0,0,791,0,0,156,0,0,317,0,0,43,0,0,751,0,0,952,0,0,776,0,0,2359,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,30,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","JACKMAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1997,0,0,535,0,0,1239,0,0,236,0,0,557,0,0,305,0,0,191,0,0,722,0,0,-8,0,0,1339,0,0,2326,0,0,864,0,0,2360,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,50,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SMITH STA",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,8143,0,0,9737,0,0,11648,0,0,6108,0,0,8349,0,0,6172,0,0,4454,0,0,4871,0,0,3742,0,0,6861,0,0,10860,0,0,10308,0,0,2368,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,4,2,123,57,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","LOST NATION",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-15,0,2159,79,306,1853,-15,0,1853,-12,0,1853,42,125,1728,50,140,1587,209,595,1527,275,828,1235,-11,0,1235,-11,0,1235,-10,0,1235,111,338,1076,2362,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,27,45,275,16,29,156,22,38,180,23,38,218,0,0,0,29,52,151,6,14,205,30,55,180,52,96,222,62,108,185,57,96,176,20,35,176,2364,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,266403,101539,253077,274308,103830,266334,256612,98157,263978,216443,80934,278945,76504,17154,315133,246563,95683,297713,281671,111493,247571,263463,95839,235114,181335,71786,264069,207269,81066,275589,253852,96425,269715,287608,108204,247069,2364,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-47,0,3032,411,1048,3032,-21,0,1984,-18,0,1984,112,282,1702,122,334,1367,613,1576,1494,582,1554,2033,-14,0,2033,-11,20,2013,-20,0,2013,242,603,1411,2364,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,3,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1350,2702,31413,820,1554,92325,2073,4352,187620,1454,2823,184796,1826,3479,189663,2478,4626,184835,4062,7903,176932,2011,4193,53637,1321,2911,170000,1885,4329,165671,5233,10859,154812,3538,6785,118334,2367,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,53534,27148,87087,68779,32692,50318,47008,24972,52027,65230,33724,53967,55312,27020,32185,49976,24400,75043,55074,26887,62380,30313,18396,42154,18241,9931,51974,16092,9642,54786,30357,16856,90418,65541,32424,72200,2367,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-13,0,804,95,260,723,-12,0,723,-9,0,723,57,118,604,-7,0,604,90,262,723,242,963,714,-7,0,714,0,0,714,-9,0,714,120,301,794,2367,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,4,9,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,19,240,0,12,140,0,24,310,0,25,300,0,22,264,0,17,210,0,219,2700,0,121,2803,0,14,190,0,15,220,0,24,320,0,22,260,0,2367,6,52411,"NG","GT" 12,33,1,4,2,123,70,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","WHITE LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-17,0,2383,97,350,2033,-14,4,2029,-7,0,2029,48,94,1935,136,341,1595,147,405,1763,357,924,1410,-3,0,1410,-3,0,1410,-13,0,1410,-6,129,1281,2369,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2141,4247,1577,1729,3274,1766,1111,2327,1824,1584,4149,1209,1580,3072,1209,1589,3168,1640,1162,2239,1856,1703,3313,1598,1134,2258,1388,173,817,1751,1894,3703,1630,507,3096,1651,8002,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,3,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,73391,138116,328850,119485,206586,321529,32827,62816,434361,89003,159420,245596,100291,177704,321055,73382,134661,317462,125529,216497,100965,57182,118647,2305699,45699,82009,405756,1560,6611,399144,100544,177099,222046,136392,231245,388270,8002,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,9,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1463,17053,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35353,394385,0,45744,527451,0,57696,624462,0,48968,544320,0,10747,122302,0,57,1545,0,742,8312,0,0,0,0,8002,6,52411,"NG","ST" 13,50,1,1,,22,2,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ARNOLD FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,112,0,0,27,0,0,168,0,0,290,0,0,100,0,0,18,0,0,33,0,0,37,0,0,17,0,0,172,0,0,245,0,0,135,0,0,3707,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,10,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CAVENDISH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,534,0,0,309,0,0,847,0,0,607,0,0,267,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,134,0,0,-3,0,0,391,0,0,928,0,0,383,0,0,3710,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,11,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CLARKS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1404,0,0,1026,0,0,1689,0,0,1865,0,0,1729,0,0,855,0,0,596,0,0,1076,0,0,567,0,0,1648,0,0,1970,0,0,1412,0,0,3711,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,15,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","FAIRFAX",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1873,0,0,1589,0,0,2321,0,0,2516,0,0,2499,0,0,1241,0,0,878,0,0,1432,0,0,744,0,0,2114,0,0,2573,0,0,2233,0,0,3712,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,16,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GAGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,221,0,0,24,0,0,244,0,0,307,0,0,290,0,0,73,0,0,85,0,0,38,0,0,48,0,0,305,0,0,523,0,0,226,0,0,3713,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,18,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GLEN",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1041,0,0,605,0,0,731,0,0,367,0,0,238,0,0,98,0,0,83,0,0,323,0,0,183,0,0,629,0,0,1307,0,0,401,0,0,3714,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,22,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","LW MIDLEBRY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,725,0,0,534,0,0,1054,0,0,920,0,0,550,0,0,286,0,0,79,0,0,150,0,0,104,0,0,524,0,0,1220,0,0,492,0,0,3716,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,26,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","MILTON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,3538,0,0,2446,0,0,4215,0,0,4336,0,0,3864,0,0,1806,0,0,1204,0,0,2514,0,0,1210,0,0,4046,0,0,4879,0,0,3192,0,0,3717,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,28,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PASSUMPSIC",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,315,0,0,97,0,0,378,0,0,435,0,0,415,0,0,90,0,0,51,0,0,150,0,0,94,0,0,370,0,0,434,0,0,44,0,0,3718,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,30,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PATCH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,107,0,0,58,0,0,59,0,0,21,0,0,7,0,0,5,0,0,5,0,0,28,0,0,7,0,0,42,0,0,158,0,0,30,0,0,3719,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,34,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PIERCE MLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,113,0,0,81,0,0,121,0,0,180,0,0,161,0,0,59,0,0,47,0,0,47,0,0,17,0,0,102,0,0,181,0,0,116,0,0,3721,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,36,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PITTSFORD",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1275,0,0,941,0,0,158,0,0,47,0,0,-2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,489,0,0,354,0,0,726,0,0,1999,0,0,679,0,0,3722,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,38,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SALISBURY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,325,0,0,210,0,0,191,0,0,62,0,0,141,0,0,65,0,0,25,0,0,72,0,0,111,0,0,88,0,0,-6,0,0,303,0,0,3724,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,40,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SILVER LAKE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,800,0,0,508,0,0,722,0,0,405,0,0,402,0,0,227,0,0,103,0,0,275,0,0,84,0,0,500,0,0,973,0,0,535,0,0,3725,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,41,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","TAFTSVILLE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,150,0,0,135,0,0,208,0,0,200,0,0,119,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,-1,0,0,55,0,0,175,0,0,162,0,0,3727,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,44,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","WEYBRIDGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1391,0,0,616,0,0,1819,0,0,1459,0,0,991,0,0,370,0,0,156,0,0,354,0,0,167,0,0,1042,0,0,2031,0,0,856,0,0,3728,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,45,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PETERSON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,2522,0,0,1281,0,0,3601,0,0,3092,0,0,2335,0,0,1090,0,0,702,0,0,1605,0,0,681,0,0,2814,0,0,4021,0,0,1742,0,0,3720,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,22,48,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","RUTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,13,125,4525,45,327,4198,40,218,3979,19,143,3836,20,127,3709,101,381,3328,272,898,2430,277,932,1498,34,167,3475,-8,46,3429,32,195,3234,152,651,2583,3723,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,22,49,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ASCUTNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,27,136,2572,77,326,2246,69,300,1946,18,96,1851,8,65,1786,41,144,1641,268,895,2175,226,765,1409,-1,38,3277,-15,0,3277,-3,71,3206,88,353,2853,3708,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,3,2,22,60,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ST ALBANS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,-14,0,89,5,38,214,-11,4,210,-10,5,205,7,17,188,21,40,148,72,149,234,59,123,111,-1,2,110,-3,0,110,-6,0,108,9,42,236,3726,6,50503,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,22,65,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SMITH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,361,0,0,154,0,0,495,0,0,658,0,0,519,0,0,163,0,0,121,0,0,123,0,0,72,0,0,258,0,0,692,0,0,170,0,0,3709,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,70,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","EAST BARNET",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,595,0,0,399,0,0,900,0,0,1046,0,0,922,0,0,325,0,0,322,0,0,358,0,0,203,0,0,790,0,0,1148,0,0,702,0,0,788,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,5,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","CHARLESTON",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,339,0,0,244,0,0,393,0,0,445,0,0,409,0,0,252,0,0,154,0,0,192,0,0,90,0,0,382,0,0,461,0,0,314,0,0,3729,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,10,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,1625,0,0,946,0,0,1961,0,0,1655,0,0,1645,0,0,917,0,0,474,0,0,1107,0,0,331,0,0,1614,0,0,2652,0,0,1235,0,0,3731,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,24,15,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT DSL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3611,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,377,16,33,290,0,0,259,0,0,229,0,0,206,0,0,206,0,0,206,7,12,194,8,16,177,0,0,177,0,0,137,0,0,85,3730,6,50560,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,24,20,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","TROY",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,150,0,0,72,0,0,150,0,0,267,0,0,209,0,0,71,0,0,28,0,0,30,0,0,3,0,0,74,0,0,244,0,0,128,0,0,3733,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2888,0,0,2870,0,0,4338,0,0,3931,0,0,3261,0,0,980,0,0,333,0,0,1531,0,0,936,0,0,2161,0,0,3540,0,0,2964,0,0,3737,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,311,11,27,284,1,1,283,0,0,283,7,16,267,28,61,385,45,85,300,33,65,235,9,19,394,0,0,394,0,0,394,12,25,369,3737,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,15,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","GORGE NO 18",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,901,0,0,986,0,0,1573,0,0,1661,0,0,1125,0,0,122,0,0,113,0,0,692,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6475,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,20,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MARSHFIELD6",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,891,0,0,1188,0,0,245,0,0,107,0,0,0,0,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,54,0,0,53,0,0,604,0,0,1300,0,0,430,0,0,3739,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,25,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MIDDLESEX 2",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,1134,0,0,848,0,0,1580,0,0,1697,0,0,1156,0,0,150,0,0,111,0,0,717,0,0,45,0,0,1158,0,0,2061,0,0,1133,0,0,3740,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,972,0,0,799,0,0,1171,0,0,1224,0,0,968,0,0,441,0,0,247,0,0,499,0,0,318,0,0,590,0,0,1307,0,0,899,0,0,6519,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,15,27,282,68,118,164,15,24,319,5,8,311,4,25,465,108,264,200,174,319,417,163,302,294,20,35,437,3,2,436,2,4,432,35,62,370,6519,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,53,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","WATRBRY 22",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2101,0,0,2029,0,0,1441,0,0,318,0,0,823,0,0,444,0,0,464,0,0,1190,0,0,485,0,0,2251,0,0,2609,0,0,1566,0,0,6520,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,55,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","W DANVIL 15",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,445,0,0,146,0,0,507,0,0,509,0,0,301,0,0,77,0,0,87,0,0,220,0,0,103,0,0,544,0,0,661,0,0,151,0,0,3743,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,47,58,"GREEN MOUNTAIN

  9. Performance of an LPD prototype detector at MHz frame rates under...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    at MHz frame rates under Synchrotron and FEL radiation Authors: Koch, Andreas ; Hart, Matthew ; Nicholls, Tim ; Angelsen, Christian ; Coughlan, John ; French, Marcus ;...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technical report Website http:www.fao.orgclimatechan References MICCA Website (English)1 MICCA Website (French)2 MICCA Website (Spanish)3 The main goal of this...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data covers Europe, Canada and the United States. This is a trilingual publication in English, French and Russian." "This annual publication presents statistics and brief studies...

  12. Quadrennial Technology Review Strategy Videos with Under Secretary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Strategy Videos with Under Secretary for Science Steven Koonin Energy Department and French Commission on Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Sign New Research and Development ...

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    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Org: Ernest Orlando Lawrence ...

  14. Solactiva | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solactiva Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solactiva Place: Rosny-sous-Bois, France Zip: 93110 Sector: Solar Product: A French company offering turnkey installation of solar...

  15. Solems SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solems SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solems SA Place: Palaiseau, France Zip: 91124 Product: French manufacturer of amorphous thin-film modules on glass substrate....

  16. Voltec Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Voltec-Solar Place: Dinsheim Sur Bruche, France Zip: 67190 Product: French manufacturer of crystalline silicon modules. References:...

  17. Sinatis Europe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sinatis Europe Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sinatis Europe Place: France Product: French project developer and distributor with customers across France and North Africa....

  18. Voltalia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Voltalia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Voltalia Place: Neuilly-sur-Seine, France Zip: 92200 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: French developer and operator of renewable power...

  19. Conexia Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Conexia Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Conexia Energy Place: Aix-en-Provence, France Zip: 13857 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: French renewable energy consulting and...

  20. La Francaise dEoliennes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: La Francaise dEoliennes Place: Maisons Laffitte, France Zip: 78600 Sector: Wind energy Product: French wind farm developer focused on...

  1. AuantumSolar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AuantumSolar Jump to: navigation, search Name: AuantumSolar Place: Montpellier, France Zip: 34695 Product: French developer of inorganic dye-based PV cells References:...

  2. Strategeco Solar aka Eneovia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Strategeco Solar (aka Eneovia) Place: Joinville-le-Pont, France Zip: 94340 Product: French PV project developer of medium to large scale projects....

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PPT Jump to: navigation, search Name: Photon Power Technologies (PPT) Place: Ecully, France Product: French PV system installer for residential and commercial systems. Coordinates:...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hiolle Energies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hiolle Energies Place: France Product: French PV system integrator. References: Hiolle Energies1 This article is a stub. You can...

  5. Photowatt Technologies aka Photowatt International SA | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Photowatt Technologies (aka Photowatt International SA) Place: Bourgoin-Jallieu, France Zip: 38300 Product: French manufacturer of integrated PV products from ingots to...

  6. Frey Nouvelles Energies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Frey Nouvelles Energies Place: Cormontreuil, France Zip: 51350 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: French project developer for all...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Emix Jump to: navigation, search Name: Emix Place: St Maurice La Souterraine, France Zip: 23300 Product: French manufacturer of multicrystalline ingots and wafers. References:...

  8. Microsoft Word - CFN ref. IO-14-CFT-9560-ACS CP3 CFN Technical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - French Order 2005 December 12 th for nuclear pressurised equipment (ESPN) 5 Directive 200642EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on...

  9. Intel C++ compiler error: stl_iterator_base_types.h

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    C++ compiler error: stliteratorbasetypes.h Intel C++ compiler error: stliteratorbasetypes.h December 7, 2015 by Scott French Because the system-supplied version of GCC is...

  10. PGI Bug Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 2015 Internal compiler error for function pointer with identically named arguments June 9, 2015 by Scott French, NERSC USG Status: Bug 21435 reported to PGI...

  11. PGI Bug Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PGI PGI Bug Reports PGI Bug Reports Internal compiler error for function pointer with identically named arguments June 9, 2015 by Scott French, NERSC USG Status: Bug 21435...

  12. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese Dutch English French German Italian Japanese Nordic Spanish and Portuguese ...

  13. Slide15 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multilingual Translations Translating ten languages, with potential for more Arabic Chinese German Deutsch English Spanish Espaol French Franais Japanese Korean Portuguese ...

  14. NUG Webinar Sep. 11, 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dirac retirement reminder Edison memory replacement: downtime 925-929 NUGEX Elections Mini Seminar New NERSC HPC consultant Scott French will give a short (20 minute)...

  15. Review of SCR Technologies for Diesel Emission Control: Euruopean...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A New Active DPF System for "Stop and Go" Duty-Cycle Vehicles French perspective on diesel engines & emissions Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First ...

  16. Voltalia Guyane | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guyana Sector: Renewable Energy Product: French developer and operator of renewable plants References: Voltalia Guyane1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia ...

  18. CACTUS Software Download

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Ethiopia Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia ...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia ...

  1. MHK Materials Database

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia ...

  2. Numerical Manufacturing And Design Tool (NuMAD)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nature Energie Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nature Energie Place: France Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: French developer of wind and solar energy projects. References:...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Internationally 4-7 European Installations 4-6 Japanese Installations India Program ESA French Guiana (South America) 4 Satisfies ASME J-2719 (hydrogen ...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: R2D Ingenierie SAS Place: Montpellier, France Product: French automation equipment manufacturer for PV cells and semiconductor chips. Coordinates:...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of model compounds. Authors: Lee, Kwangjoo ; Jockusch, Steffen ; Turro, Nicholas J. ; French, Roger H. ; Wheland, Robert C. ; Lemon, M F. ; Braun, Andre M. ; Widerschpan, Tatjana...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energeo sro Place: Prague 3, Czech Republic Zip: 130 00 Sector: Solar Product: Czech - French company developing solar PV projects in the Czech Republic. References: Energeo sro1...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Choctaw County, Mississippi Ackerman, Mississippi French Camp, Mississippi Mathiston, Mississippi Weir, Mississippi Retrieved from "http:...

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    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Amal ; Bokria, Jayesh G. ; Bruckman, Laura S. ; Burns, David M. ; Elliott, Lamont ; French, Roger H. ; Fowler, Sean ; Gu, Xiaohong ; Honeker, Christian C. ; Kempe, Michael D. ;...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 C++11 header files appear missing on Edison December 3, 2014 by Scott French, NERSC USG Status: Reported to Cray (801693), Workaround available...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    20011-030 Sector: Carbon, Renewable Energy Product: Brazilian-based subsidiary of the French company Voltalia. Project developer company in renewable energy projects and carbon...

  18. Velcan Energy India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Velcan Energy India Ltd. Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 560 024 Sector: Biomass Product: Indian subsidiary of French...

  19. Study, design and realization of a Fabry-Perot cavity for the Compton polarimeter of TJNAF; Etude, conception et realisation d'une cavite Fabry-Perot pour le polarimetre Compton de TJNAF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falletto, M. Nicolas

    2001-01-01

    This is a doctoral dissertation, in French, on the subject of study, design and realization of a Fabry-Perot cavity for the Compton polarimeter of TJNAF.

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  1. EnergyFiles | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    such as energy, medicine, agriculture, environment, and basic sciences. Multilingual translation capabilities are available for ten languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French,...

  2. C:\\Forms\\DOE F 3305.13.cdr

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EXAMPLE PERSONAL HISTORY PROF. ACTIVITIES AND SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS PRIVATE INDUSTRY JOB ... Foreign Languages: French and German (Fluent in reading, writing and conversing) 1987 ...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Plexus Sol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Plexus Sol Place: Reunion Island, France Product: PV project developer in Reunion Island, 95% acquired by French Sechilienne-Sidec in...

  4. CRiSTAL Project Management Tool | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.iisd.orgcristaltool Cost: Free Language: "English, French, Portuguese, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of...

  5. DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    who had purchased certain models of LG and Kenmore-brand French Door refrigerators. ... Matter DOE Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant Nevada Weatherizes ...

  6. Settlement Agreement between DOE and LG Electronics | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    LG had been making annual payments to consumers who had purchased certain models of LG and Kenmore-brand French Door refrigerators. Download complete agreement from link below. ...

  7. Non-US electrodynamic launchers research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, J.V.; Batteh, J.H.; Greig, J.R.; Keefer, D.; McNab, I.R.; Zabar, Z.

    1994-11-01

    Electrodynamic launcher research and development work of scientists outside the United States is analyzed and assessed by six internationally recognized US experts in the field of electromagnetic and electrothermal launchers. The assessment covers five broad technology areas: (1) Experimental railguns; (2) Railgun theory and design; (3) Induction launchers; (4) Electrothermal guns; (5) Energy storage and power supplies. The overall conclusion is that non-US work on electrodynamic launchers is maturing rapidly after a relatively late start in many countries. No foreign program challenges the US efforts in scope, but it is evident that the United States may be surpassed in some technologies within the next few years. Until recently, published Russian work focused on hypervelocity for research purposes. Within the last two years, large facilities have been described where military-oriented development has been underway since the mid-1980s. Financial support for these large facilities appears to have collapsed, leaving no effective effort to develop practical launchers for military or civilian applications. Electrodynamic launcher research in Europe is making rapid progress by focusing on a single application, tactical launchers for the military. Four major laboratories, in Britain, France, Germany, and the Netherlands, are working on this problem. Though narrower in scope than the US effort, the European work enjoys a continuity of support that has accelerated its progress. The next decade will see the deployment of electrodynamic launcher technology, probably in the form of an electrothermal-chemical upgrade for an existing gun system. The time scale for deployment of electromagnetic launchers is entirely dependent on the level of research-and-development effort. If resources remain limited, the advantage will lie with cooperative efforts that have reasonably stable funding such as the present French-German program.

  8. CX-006866: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grant - State of Louisiana - Livingston Parish (French Settlement)CX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 09/23/2011Location(s): French Settlement, LouisianaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  9. Contact Us - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration (EIA) Statistical Methods Experts Data Quality Renee Miller 202-586-6070 renee.miller@eia.gov EIA Forms Clearance Alethea Jennings 202-586-5879 alethea.jennings@eia.gov EIA Privacy and Confidentiality Policy Jake Bournazian 202-586-5562 jacob.bournazian@eia.gov Statistical Methods Carol French 202-586-9888 carol.french

  10. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    UTILITY_ID","UTILITY_NAME","TRANSLINE_NO","TERMINAL_LOC_FROM","TERMINAL_LOC_TO","PERCENT_OWNED","LINE_LENGTH","LINE_TYPE","VOLTAGE_TYPE","VOLTAGE_OPERATING","VOLTAGE_DESIGN","CONDUCTOR_SIZE","CONDUCTOR_MAT_TYPE","CONDUCTOR_CONFIG","CIRCUIT_PERSTRUCT_PRES","CIRCUIT_PERSTRUCT_ULT","POLE_TOWER_TYPE","RATED_CAPACITY","LAND_LANDRIGHT_COSTS","POLE_TOWER_FIXTURE_COSTS","CONDUCTOR_DEVICE_COSTS","CONSTRUCTION_ETC_COSTS","TOTAL_LINE_COSTS","IN_SERVICE_DATE" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",1,"Northland","Magnesium Plant",100,4.11,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR Drake/ACSS Rail","Single",1,2,"Steel & Wood Poles",215,0,17500,8000,19500,45000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",2,"Grove","Met Center",100,3.1,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ASCR Drake","Double",1,1,"Steel Pole",430,0,30000,10000,35000,75000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",3,"Dessau","Daffin Gin",100,6.01,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ASCR Drake","Single",1,1,"Steel Pole",215,0,60000,15000,40000,115000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",4,"Burleson","AMD",100,2.2,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACR Drake","Double",2,2,"Steel Pole",430,0,75000,55000,120000,250000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",5,"Bergstrom","Kingsberry",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ASCR Drake/AAAC","Single",1,2,"Steel & Wood Poles",215,0,75000,35000,340000,450000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",6,"Mcneil","Magnesium Plant",100,3.24,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR Drake","Double",1,2,"Steel Pole & Steel Tower",430,0,380000,76000,644000,1100000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1015,"Austin City of",7,"Summit","Magnesium Plant",100,2.18,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR Drake","Double",1,2,"Steel Pole & Steel Tower",430,0,265000,125000,410000,800000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1307,"Basin Electric Power Coop",1,"Rapid City","New Underwood",65,18.55,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Single Pole, Steel",460,0,0,0,5300000,5300000,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,1586,"Bentonville City of",1,"AEP/SWEPCO","City Substation F",100,1,"OH","AC",161,161,477,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood and Steel Single Pole",199,18000,81522,28082,214516,342120,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,2172,"Brazos Electric Power Coop",1,"Coppell","Lewisville",100,7.03,"OH","AC",138,138,1033,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Concrete/Steel Single Pole",485,17577.55,2527717,537265.96,956475.39,4039035.9,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,2172,"Brazos Electric Power Coop",2,"Boyd","Newark",100,1.8,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",2,2,"Concrete/Steel Single Pole",215,133929.08,538282.3,131112.75,246577.6,1049901.73,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,2172,"Brazos Electric Power Coop",3,"Cedar Hill","Sardis",100,5.1,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete Si ngle Ploe",215,24515.26,652910.22,246676.96,560582.43,1484684.87,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,5580,"East Kentucky Power Coop Inc",1,"Jamestown Tap","Jamestown Tap",100,0.47,"OH","AC",161,161,556.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Single Pole",292,43326,160508,68789,0,272623,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,5580,"East Kentucky Power Coop Inc",2,"Pulaski Co. Tap","Pulaski Co. Tap",100,5.88,"OH","AC",161,161,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood H-Frame Structure",367,494183,1092462,468198,0,2054843,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7197,"Georgia Transmission Corp",1,"Shoal Creek","Spout Spring",100,10.83,"OH","AC",230,230,1351,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete, Single Pole & Steel",602,1277945,1685271,444690,6047603,9455509,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7197,"Georgia Transmission Corp",2,"Dresden","Yellowdirt",100,9.5,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Concrete, Single Pole",866,870826,772876,375515,3649376,5668593,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7197,"Georgia Transmission Corp",3,"East Moultrie","West Valdosta",100,38.46,"OH","AC",230,230,1622,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete, Single Pole",596,1191168,2829632,1476802,10279078,15776680,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,7490,"Grand River Dam Authority",1,"Cowskin","Grove PSO",100,4.5,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single/Twisted",1,1,"Wood Pole",223,287671,135402,156769,880890,1460732,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",1,"BASTROP","AUSTIN",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,9155828,155817297,37044659,47228709,249246493,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",2,"BASTROP","AUSTROP",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",3,"BASTROP","AUSTROP",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",4,"BASTROP","AUSTROP",100,0.32,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",5,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",6,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",7,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",8,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",9,"CANYON","SAN MARCOS/LOCKHART",100,0.31,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",10,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",11,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",12,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",13,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",14,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",15,"CICO","HELOTES",100,4,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",16,"LOCKHART","DUMP HILL",100,1.6,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Concrete Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",17,"HILL POWER STATION","NUECES BAY",100,17.3,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",18,"NORTH OAK PARK","LON HILL",100,14.9,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Wood Pole",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",19,"STATE HIGHTWAY 80",,100,0.38,"OH","AC",138,138,211.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood H-Frame Structure",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",20,"STATE HIGHWAY 80",,100,0.38,"OH","AC",138,138,211.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood H-Frame Structure",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",21,"STERLING/MITCHELL LINE","TWINN BUTTES",100,135.08,"OH","AC",345,345,1590,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",22,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",23,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",24,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",25,"VERDE CREEK","KERRVILLE STADIUM",100,0.1,"OH","AC",138,138,336,"ACSR","Double",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",26,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",27,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",28,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",29,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",30,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,11269,"Lower Colorado River Authority",31,"ZORN","MCCARTY LANE",100,4.2,"OH","AC",138,138,1433.6,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,15143,"Platte River Power Authority",1,"Rawhide","Timberline West",100,31.63,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ACSR","Single",2,2,"Steel/Tower & Pole",378,5553,1928767,2385430,251850,4571600,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,15159,"Plymouth City of",1,"Mullet River Sub","Sub # 1",100,0.8,"OH","AC",138,138,336.4,"ACSR","SINGLE",1,1,"Steel Double Pole",33,0,0,0,1492139,1492139,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,16534,"Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",1,"Natomas","Elverta",100,4.3,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"Aluminum","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",316,0,0,0,0,0,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,17543,"South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",1,"Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #1","Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #1",100,9.51,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ACSR","Double",2,2,"Steel / Tower",956,840152,1230361,1207282,22364,3300159,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,17543,"South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",2,"Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #2","Rainey - Anderson (Duke) #2",100,9.51,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ACSR","Double",2,2,"Steel / Tower",956,840152,1230361,1207282,22364,3300159,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",1,"West Ringgold","Center Point",100,7.94,"OH","AC",115,230,954,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,2086252,5658529,1502763,3053959,12301503,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",2,"NE Johnson City--Erwin 161kV T","Jonesborough 161 kV SS",100,0.28,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,11050,191917,894933,714987,1812887,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",3,"Elizabethton","Pandara-Shouns",100,15.12,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,282232,1797686,537733,2057572,4675223,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",4,"Sullivan","Blountville",100,0.63,"OH","AC",161,161,1590,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,547521,1134556,788061,1224067,3694205,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",5,"Pin Hook","Structure E 104A (NES)",100,1.74,"OH","DC",161,161,2034.5,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,179775,881877,641976,270782,1974410,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",6,"Dug Gap 115 kV SS","Center Point 230 kV SS",100,4.49,"OH","AC",115,230,954,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,3939251,3451555,545558,1026021,8962385,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",7,"Chickamauga-Ridgedale","Hawthorne 161 kV SS",100,2.82,"OH","AC",161,161,1590,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,87206,533582,342640,584799,1548227,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",8,"Ft. Loudoun-Elza 161 kV TL","Spallation Neutron Source 161",100,3.92,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,2972,639541,373150,469765,1485428,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",9,"Leake","Sebastapol SW STA 161 kV",100,0.77,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,36158,236368,103374,167311,543211,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",10,"Sebasatpol 161 kV Switching St","Five Point 161 kV Substation",100,0.13,"OH","AC",161,230,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,917304,1772761,931352,1477668,5099085,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",11,"Structure 170A","Structure 174",100,0.73,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,0,445863,79638,194574,720075,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",12,"Ramer-Hickory Valley 161 kV TL","Middleton 46 kV SS",100,6.81,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,566805,1162854,447607,787813,2965079,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",13,"Lowndes-Miller","Valley View",100,0.46,"OH","AC",500,500,954,"ASCR","Triple",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,688737,255237,341129,1285103,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",14,"Sweetwater 161 kV SS","Madisonville 161 kV SS",100,8.95,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,1066219,1474937,466681,797814,3805651,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",15,"East Point 500 kV SS","Hanceville 161 kV TL",100,11.25,"OH","AC",161,161,1351.5,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,1416513,1442382,606534,1427424,4892853,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",16,"W Cookeville-Crossville 161 kV","W. Crossville SS",100,4.37,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,267463,1112667,651963,964407,2996500,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",17,"East Shelbyville-Unionville","Deason 161 kV SS",100,5.09,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,1071199,931797,430714,320721,2754431,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",18,"Kentucky Hydro","Barkley Hydro",100,2,"OH","AC",161,161,2034.5,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,2845,406947,90111,155401,655304,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",19,"MEC Sw Station","Trinity Substation",100,2.9,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ACSS","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,0,604526,474640,608702,1687868,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",20,"Hickory Valley Selmer 161 kV T","North Selmer 161 kV SS",100,4.88,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,357578,632244,368993,899046,2257861,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",21,"Trinity","Morgan Energy Center",100,2.98,"OH","AC",161,161,1590,"ASCR","Single",2,2,"Steel Tower",,7155,647789,386671,513831,1555446,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",22,"MEC","Finley",100,0.61,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,9879,303540,156165,181613,651197,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",23,"Pickwick-South Jackson","Magic Valley",100,1.38,"OH","AC",161,161,954,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Pole",,78377,284367,113237,237716,713697,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",24,"Wolf Creek-Choctaw 500 kV TL","Reliant French Camp Gener Plt",100,0.11,"OH","AC",500,500,954,"ASCR","Triple",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,863770,411493,891161,2166424,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",25,"Widows Creek Ft. Payne 161 kV","Flat Rock 161 kV SS",100,2.05,"OH","AC",161,161,397.5,"ASCR","Single",1,1,"Steel Tower",,130460,443384,182965,410228,1167037,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",26,"Volunteer-Cherokee HP 161 kV T","Oakland 161 kV SS",100,0.5,"OH","AC",161,161,1351,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,159020,71787,133784,364591,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,18642,"Tennessee Valley Authority",27,"Cordell-Hull-Carthage 161 kV","South Carthage 161 kV SS",100,1.68,"OH","AC",161,161,636,"ASCR","Single",1,2,"Steel Tower",,0,209664,102390,256537,568591,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",1,"Arco","Sprectrum",100,5.89,"OH","AC",138,138,336.4,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",91,37547.56,399750.8,416067.16,0,853365.52,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",2,"Hazel Dell Jct","Hazel Dell",100,3.12,"OH","AC",138,138,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",158,72967.09,417464.37,285659.16,0,776090.62,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",3,"Red River","Tenaska Kiowa Sw",100,75.75,"OH","AC",345,345,795,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Combination Pole",158,0,0,0,47569327.23,47569327.23,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",4,"Washita Sw","Blue Canyon",100,23.96,"OH","AC",138,138,1590,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",239,0,0,0,5092171.22,5092171.22,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",5,"Limestone Jct","Limestone",100,0.5,"OH","AC",138,138,336.4,"ACSR","Single",1,1,"Wood Pole",91,25673.08,159253.08,77468.07,0,262394.23,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,20447,"Western Farmers Elec Coop Inc",6,"OGE Sunset Jct","Sunset Corner",100,0.15,"OH","AC",161,161,336.4,"ACSR","Singel",1,1,"Wood Pole",91,0,29315.87,35224.01,0,64539.88,"application/vnd.ms-excel" 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",1,"Shiprock","Four Corners",100,8.2,"OH","AC",345,345,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",2,"Coolidge","Sundance 1 and 2",100,9.8,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",3,"Structure 96/4","O/Banion 1",100,38,"OH","AC",230,230,,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",4,"Mead","Market Place",100,12.9,"OH","AC",525,525,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",5,"Bears Ears","Craig",100,1,"OH","AC",345,345,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",6,"Glen Canyon Pumping Plant","Glen Canyon SW Yard",100,1,"OH","AC",345,345,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",7,"Baker","Bowman",22.96,53.96,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Wood H",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",8,"Basin Tap #2","Washburn",100,2.23,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",9,"Craig","Rifle",100,96,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",10,"Garrison","Basin Tap #1",100,20.97,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",11,"Everta","Roseville",100,13.3,"OH","AC",230,230,,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",12,"Griffith","McConnico",100,8,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",13,"McConnico","Peacock",100,29.4,"OH","AC",230,230,795,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",14,"Liberty","Buckeye",100,6.7,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",15,"Liberty","Parker",100,118.7,"OH","AC",230,230,1272,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",16,"Liberty","Estrella",100,10.8,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,2,2,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",17,"Liberty","Lone Batte",100,38.2,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",18,"Lone Butte","Sundance",100,38.4,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",19,"New Waddell","West Wing",100,10.1,"OH","AC",230,230,954,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",20,"South Point","Topock #1",100,6.46,"OH","AC",230,230,1590,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0 2003,27000,"Western Area Power Admin",21,"South Point","Topock #2",100,6.34,"OH","AC",230,230,1590,"ASCR",,1,1,"Steel Lattice",,0,0,0,0,0

  11. Understanding and controlling low-temperature aging of nanocrystalline materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Boyce, Brad Lee; Brons, Justin G.; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid Mikhiel; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Padilla, Henry A.,; Sharon, John Anthony; Thompson, Gregory B.

    2013-10-01

    Nanocrystalline copper lms were created by both repetitive high-energy pulsed power, to produce material without internal nanotwins; and pulsed laser deposition, to produce nan- otwins. Samples of these lms were indented at ambient (298K) and cryogenic temperatures by immersion in liquid nitrogen (77K) and helium (4K). The indented samples were sectioned through the indented regions and imaged in a scanning electron microscope. Extensive grain growth was observed in the lms that contained nanotwins and were indented cryogenically. The lms that either lacked twins, or were indented under ambient conditions, were found to exhibit no substantial grain growth by visual inspection. Precession transmission elec- tron microscopy was used to con rm these ndings quantitatively, and show that 3 and 7 boundaries proliferate during grain growth, implying that these interface types play a key role in governing the extensive grain growth observed here. Molecular dynamics sim- ulations of the motion of individual grain boundaries demonstrate that speci c classes of boundaries - notably 3 and 7 - exhibit anti- or a-thermal migration, meaning that their mobilities either increase or do not change signi cantly with decreasing temperature. An in-situ cryogenic indentation capability was developed and implemented in a transmission electron microscope. Preliminary results do not show extensive cryogenic grain growth in indented copper lms. This discrepancy could arise from the signi cant di erences in con g- uration and loading of the specimen between the two approaches, and further research and development of this capability is needed.

  12. Property:Address | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc + 2130 Van Horn Rd. + AC Solar Inc + P.O. Box 128 + ACME solar works + 20738 Brown Lane + ACORE + PO Box 33518 + ADI Wind, llc. + 4686 French Creek Road + AEE Solar +...

  13. CX-012171: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    735-11A French Drain Piping Installation CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/16/2014 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  14. Solareo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solareo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solareo Place: Le Chesnay, France Zip: 78150 Product: French project developer who is developing a 400kW roof mounted project in the heart...

  15. ProLogis France IX EURL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ProLogis France IX EURL Jump to: navigation, search Name: ProLogis France IX EURL Place: Aulnay-Sous-Bois Cedex, France Zip: 93614 Product: French subsidiary of ProLogis, a...

  16. SolSia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SolSia Jump to: navigation, search Name: SolSia Place: France Product: A start-up manufacturer of thin-film silicon modules for the French market. References: SolSia1 This...

  17. TPA PM List of 09-30-15.xlsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Type Milestone Title M-016-186 Lobos, R. Skinnarland, R.R. French, M.S. Corey, R. J. EPA Lead I Initiate Soil Remediation Under 105-KW Fuel Storage Basin M-016-190 Laija, E....

  18. Zirconium and hafnium separation at Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the sea by French author Jules Verne. Of course there was then a movie made by Walt Disney in 1954 named 20,000 leagues under the sea that used the same Nautilus sub- marine...

  19. Scientific Societies, E-print Network -- Energy, science, and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chinese Dutch English French German Italian Japanese Nordic Russian SpanishPortuguese Other View list of all societies. Choose desired language(s) andor discipline(s) and select ...

  20. 2011??????????

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. ESCO industry is comparable and probably larger than French and German industry; Chinese ESCO industry is growing rapidly and may soon surpass U.S. ESCO industry size *...

  1. Solar Euromed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France Sector: Solar Product: Solar Euromed is a French project developer for STEG plants. References: Solar Euromed1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  2. Applicability of 10 CFR 851 to Parsons non-DOE Office Areas at SRS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Letter from Bruce Diamond, Assistant General Counsel for Environment, DOE, dated June 27, 2007, to Bob French, Program Manager, Parsons SB-1 Office regarding Parsons' Request for Interpretative Ruling Under 10 CFR Section 851.7

  3. Applicability of 10 CFR 851 to Parsons ATC and Barnwell Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Letter from Bruce Diamond, Assistant General Counsel for Environment, Department of Energy, dated June 27, 2007 to Bob French, Program Manager, Parsons SB-1 Office regarding Parsons' Request for Interpretive Ruling Under 10 CFR Section 851.7

  4. Comparative Study on Exhaust Emissions from Diesel- and CNG-Powered...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3 DEER Conference Presentations: French Agency of Environment and Energy Management PDF icon deer2003seguelong.pdf More Documents & Publications Initial Results of the DeNOx SCR ...

  5. JLab, Physics Community Mourns Death of Jean Mougey, First Hall...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab, and a director of the Nuclear Physics Division at CEA Saclay, passed away from a heart attack on Nov. 5, 2015, in Grenoble. Jean was born in the French town of Angers, by...

  6. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old) that are distinctly light in color, which were analyzed by the ChemCam instrument.French and U.S. scientists observed images and chemical - 2 - results of 22 of these rock...

  7. Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory : 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    every half-hour between Residence Inn by Marriott, Hilton Garden Inn, and the French Family Science Center (FFSC). Saturday, Nov. 7: 7:30 AM - 10 AM - Every half-hour...

  8. NASA agreements advance Mars exploration, Los Alamos Rover instrument...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    instrument a key component Los Alamos National Laboratory is coordinating with the French science and engineering team on developing SuperCam. June 17, 2015 SuperCam builds...

  9. MHK Projects/CETO La Reunion | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the single, stand-alone unit due in Q2 2012. Stage 1 has been awarded 5M of French Government funding. Project Installed Capacity (MW) 0 Number of Devices Deployed 1...

  10. Graded Interface Models for more accurate Determination of van...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    length scale property variations. Authors: van Benthem, Klaus 1 ; Tan, Guolong 2 ; French, Roger H 3 ; DeNoyer, Linda K 4 ; Podgornik, Rudolf 5 ; Parsegian, V Adrian 5...

  11. file://L:\\DOE-hanford.gov\\public\\boards\\hab\\advice\\advice100...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Subject:...

  12. ARM - Niamey News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa News Campaign Images AMMA...

  13. NNMCAB Board Minutes: May 2010 Ohkay Owingeh

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minutes of the May 13, 2010 Board meeting at Ohkay Conference Center Presentation DOE/LANS, Disposal Authority Statement and Performance Assessment and Composite Analyses, George Henkel, Sean French

  14. Christina Martos Hilton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hilton already had performed in Russian, Latin, Czech and Hebrew, and she studied Italian for nearly two hours every morning, with quite a bit of French and German sprinkled...

  15. ARM - AMF Data Plots

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa News Campaign Images AMMA International News AMF Data Plots ARM Mobile Facility data plot...

  16. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... C. ; Morgenstern, J. January 1969 PARTIAL RADIATIVE CAPTURE OF RESONANCE NEUTRONS BY GOLD AND COBALT.(in French) Samour, C. ; Alves, R.N. ; Julien, J. ; Morgenstern, J. January ...

  17. RENOTER Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Overview of French project on thermoelectric waste heat recovery for cars and trucks with focus on cheap, available, efficient, and sustainable TE materials, as well as efficient material integration and production process.

  18. CX-005903: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - French Creek BioenergyCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 05/17/2011Location(s): Sheffield, OhioOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  19. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice104.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ms. Carolyn Huntoon, Assistant Secretary Office of Environmental Management U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, DC 20585 Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Openness Dear Ms. Huntoon & Messrs. Klein and French: In December 1998, the Hanford Advisory Board (Board), through consensus advice (#89),

  20. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice105.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Subject: FY2002 Budget Prioritization Dear Messrs. Klein and French: The Hanford Advisory Board (Board) has provided extensive advice on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) budget development process and considers it to be an important feature of identifying, discussing, and implementing the site's

  1. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice109.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Honorable Bill Richardson Secretary of Energy U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Michael Barrett, Contracting Officer U.S. Department of Energy-ORP P.O. Box 450 (H6-60) Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Making Contractor Information Available to the Public on the Tank Waste Treatment Project Dear Messrs. Richardson, French, and Barrett: The Hanford Advisory Board (HAB) is

  2. Summary of the Fall Meeting of the

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Summary of the Fall Meeting of the American Statistical Association (ASA) Committee on Energy Statistics October 24-25, 2002 .................with the Energy Information Administration 1. Update on the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), by Dwight French, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, EIA At the Spring, 2002 Committee meeting Dwight French gave a presentation on three major methodological issues being studied in the post-2000 redesign of EIA's Commercial Buildings

  3. Telephoning for Energy Efficiency in Vermont | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Telephoning for Energy Efficiency in Vermont Telephoning for Energy Efficiency in Vermont November 8, 2010 - 3:59pm Addthis Eldred French had the basement in his home (pictured above) insulated and sealed by local contractors. | Photo Courtesy of NWWVT Eldred French had the basement in his home (pictured above) insulated and sealed by local contractors. | Photo Courtesy of NWWVT Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Most telethons raise money for charities or events

  4. Numerical Calculation of Neoclassical Distribution Functions and Current Profiles in Low Collisionality, Axisymmetric Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.C. Lyons, S.C. Jardin, and J.J. Ramos

    2012-06-28

    A new code, the Neoclassical Ion-Electron Solver (NIES), has been written to solve for stationary, axisymmetric distribution functions (f ) in the conventional banana regime for both ions and elec trons using a set of drift-kinetic equations (DKEs) with linearized Fokker-Planck-Landau collision operators. Solvability conditions on the DKEs determine the relevant non-adiabatic pieces of f (called h ). We work in a 4D phase space in which ? defines a flux surface, ? is the poloidal angle, v is the total velocity referenced to the mean flow velocity, and ? is the dimensionless magnetic moment parameter. We expand h in finite elements in both v and ?#21; . The Rosenbluth potentials, ?#8; and ?, which define the integral part of the collision operator, are expanded in Legendre series in cos ? , where #31;? is the pitch angle, Fourier series in cos #18;? , and finite elements in v . At each ? , we solve a block tridiagonal system for hi (independent of fe ), then solve another block tridiagonal system for he (dependent on fi ). We demonstrate that such a formulation can be accurately and efficiently solved. NIES is coupled to the MHD equilibrium code JSOLVER [J. DeLucia, et al., J. Comput. Phys. 37 , pp 183-204 (1980).] allowing us to work with realistic magnetic geometries. The bootstrap current is calculated as a simple moment of the distribution function. Results are benchmarked against the Sauter analytic formulas and can be used as a kinetic closure for an MHD code (e.g., M3D-C1 [S.C. Jardin, et al ., Computational Science & Discovery, 4 (2012).]).

  5. Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

    2012-12-01

    The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

  6. Andrew A. Chien | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    broad interests in systems spanning applications, system software, networking, and architecture. Research Interests Programming and computer architecture for exascale computers...

  7. Prepared in response to formal guidance and a request by Sam...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Technology Review. Electric ... assessed, applied, and broadly ... efficiencies, decreased design-iteration cycle time, and enhanced engineering creativity. ...

  8. Time-Resolved

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and time) three correspond to the three broad categories of synchrotron experimental measurement techniques: spectroscopy (energy), scattering (momentum), and imaging...

  9. Evidence for the existence of a fourth dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxia locus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopes-Cendes, I. Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec McGill Univ., Quebec ); Andermann, E. McGill Univ., Quebec ); Rouleau, G.A. Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec )

    1994-05-01

    The autosomal dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders. To date, three loci have been identified: The SCA1 locus (on chr 6p), the SCA2 locus (on chr 12q), and more recently a Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) locus (on chr 14q). The authors have studied one large French-Canadian kindred with four generations of living affected individuals segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. Linkage analysis using anonymous DNA markers that flank the three previously described loci significantly exclude the French-Canadian kindred from the SCA1, SCA2, and MJD loci. Therefore, a fourth, still unmapped SCA locus remains to be identified. In addition, the unique clinical phenotype present in all affected individuals of the French-Canadian kindred might be characteristic of this still unmapped SCA locus. 34 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. file://L:\DOE-hanford.gov\public\boards\hab\advice\advice108.ht

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dick French, Manager Office of River Protection 2440 Stevens Center Richland, WA 99352 Keith Klein, Manager U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations P.O. Box 550 (A7-50) Richland, WA 99352 Michael Barrett, Contracting Officer U.S. Department of Energy-ORP P.O. Box 450 (H6-60) Richland, WA 99352 Subject: Making Contractor Information Available to the Public on the Tank Waste Treatment Project Dear Messrs. French, Klein and Barrett: The Hanford Advisory Board applauds the Department of

  11. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SDLE Center, VUV-Lab, Materials Science & Engineering Department, Roger H. French © 2012 http://sdle.case.edu 4/29/13, VuGraph 1 Module level power electronics: Taking commodity components and making them last. Reliability is linked with design, but is good design linked to reliability? Tim Peshek CWRU - SDLE SDLE Center, VUV-Lab, Materials Science & Engineering Department, Roger H. French © 2012 http://sdle.case.edu 4/29/13, VuGraph 2 Intro and scope of talk *Question: Can we make a

  12. DOE Community Transition Contacts | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    About Us » Contact Us » DOE Community Transition Contacts DOE Community Transition Contacts Headquarters David Geiser, Director Office of Legacy Management, LM-1 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 (202) 586-8324 (202) 586-8403 (FAX) david.geiser@hq.doe.gov Field HANFORD Colleen French U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office P.O. Box 550 A7-75 Richland, WA 99352 (509) 373-5985 (509) 373-1563 (FAX) colleen_c_french@rl.gov IDAHO NATIONAL

  13. Intel Bug Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intel » Intel Bug Reports Intel Bug Reports Intel C++ compiler error: stl_iterator_base_types.h December 7, 2015 by Scott French Because the system-supplied version of GCC is relatively old (4.3.4) it is common practice to load the gcc module on our Cray systems when C++11 support is required under the Intel C++ compilers. Read the full post C++11 header files appear missing on Edison December 3, 2014 by Scott French, NERSC USG Status: Reported to Cray (801693), Workaround available Read the

  14. CX-100413 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-100413 Categorical Exclusion Determination The French Modular Impoundment Award Number: DE-FOA-0007244 CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Wind and Water Power Technologies Office Date: 12/03/2015 Location(s): MA Office(s): Golden Field Office The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to provide federal funding to French Development Enterprises, LLC to design, manufacture and test a prototype, small scale, precast modular dam as well as design a full-scale dam

  15. Sub-crop geologic map of pre-Tertiary rocks in the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat areas, Nevada Test Site, southern Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, J.C.; Harris, A.G.; Wahl, R.R.

    1997-10-02

    This map displays interpreted structural and stratigraphic relations among the Paleozoic and older rocks of the Nevada Test Site region beneath the Miocene volcanic rocks and younger alluvium in the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat basins. These interpretations are based on a comprehensive examination and review of data for more than 77 drillholes that penetrated part of the pre-Tertiary basement beneath these post-middle Miocene structural basins. Biostratigraphic data from conodont fossils were newly obtained for 31 of these holes, and a thorough review of all prior microfossil paleontologic data is incorporated in the analysis. Subsurface relationships are interpreted in light of a revised regional geologic framework synthesized from detailed geologic mapping in the ranges surrounding Yucca Flat, from comprehensive stratigraphic studies in the region, and from additional detailed field studies on and around the Nevada Test Site. All available data indicate the subsurface geology of Yucca Flat is considerably more complicated than previous interpretations have suggested. The western part of the basin, in particular, is underlain by relics of the eastward-vergent Belted Range thrust system that are folded back toward the west and thrust by local, west-vergent contractional structures of the CP thrust system. Field evidence from the ranges surrounding the north end of Yucca Flat indicate that two significant strike-slip faults track southward beneath the post-middle Miocene basin fill, but their subsurface traces cannot be closely defined from the available evidence. In contrast, the eastern part of the Yucca Flat basin is interpreted to be underlain by a fairly simple north-trending, broad syncline in the pre-Tertiary units. Far fewer data are available for the northern Frenchman Flat basin, but regional analysis indicates the pre-Tertiary structure there should also be relatively simple and not affected by thrusting. This new interpretation has implications for ground water flow through pre-Tertiary rocks beneath the Yucca Flat and northern Frenchman Flat areas, and has consequences for ground water modeling and model validation. Our data indicate that the Mississippian Chainman Shale is not laterally extensive confining unit in the western part of the basin because it is folded back onto itself by the convergent structures of the Belted Range and CP thrust systems. Early and Middle Paleozoic limestone and dolomite are present beneath most of both basins and, regardless of structural complications, are interpreted to form a laterally continuous and extensive carbonate aquifer. Structural culmination that marks the French Peak accommodation zone along the topographic divide between the two basins provides a lateral pathway through highly fractured rock between the volcanic aquifers of Yucca Flat and the regional carbonate aquifer. This pathway may accelerate the migration of ground-water contaminants introduced by underground nuclear testing toward discharge areas beyond the Nevada Test Site boundaries. Predictive three-dimensional models of hydrostratigraphic units and ground-water flow in the pre-Tertiary rocks of subsurface Yucca Flat are likely to be unrealistic due to the extreme structural complexities. The interpretation of hydrologic and geochemical data obtained from monitoring wells will be difficult to extrapolate through the flow system until more is known about the continuity of hydrostratigraphic units. 1 plate

  16. Intel Bug Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Intel C++ compiler error: stl_iterator_base_types.h December 7, 2015 by Scott French Because the system-supplied version of GCC is relatively old (4.3.4) it is common practice to load the gcc module on our Cray systems when C++11 support is required under the Intel C++ compilers.

  17. RENOTER Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RENOTER Project RENOTER Project Overview of French project on thermoelectric waste heat recovery for cars and trucks with focus on cheap, available, efficient, and sustainable TE materials, as well as efficient material integration and production process. PDF icon aixala.pdf More Documents & Publications RENOTER Project Thermoelectric Generator Development at Renault Trucks-Volvo Group An Overview of Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Activities

  18. Services du Centre de Solutions Pour Les Energies Propres (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    This is the French translation of the Clean Energy Solutions Center services fact sheet. The Clean Energy Solutions Center (Solutions Center) helps governments, advisors and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center partners with international organizations to provide online training, expert assistance, and technical resources on clean energy policy.

  19. ARM - 2011 AGU Presentations Featuring ARM Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... DH Lowenthal, IB Mccubbin, LM Avallone, GG Mace, J French, LD Oolman 11:20 am, M-West ... Deng, M Dunn, R Hogan, D Huang, MP Jensen, GG Mace, SA McFarlane, E O'Connor, A Protat, M ...

  20. Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 562: Waste Systems, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2011-04-30

    This Corrective Action Plan has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 562, Waste Systems, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (1996; as amended March 2010). CAU 562 consists of 13 Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Areas 2, 23, and 25 of the Nevada National Security Site. Site characterization activities were performed in 2009 and 2010, and the results are presented in Appendix A of the Corrective Action Decision Document for CAU 562. The scope of work required to implement the recommended closure alternatives is summarized. (1) CAS 02-26-11, Lead Shot, will be clean closed by removing shot. (2) CAS 02-44-02, Paint Spills and French Drain, will be clean closed by removing paint and contaminated soil. As a best management practice (BMP), asbestos tile will be removed. (3) CAS 02-59-01, Septic System, will be clean closed by removing septic tank contents. As a BMP, the septic tank will be removed. (4) CAS 02-60-01, Concrete Drain, contains no contaminants of concern (COCs) above action levels. No further action is required; however, as a BMP, the concrete drain will be removed. (5) CAS 02-60-02, French Drain, was clean closed. Corrective actions were completed during corrective action investigation activities. As a BMP, the drain grates and drain pipe will be removed. (6) CAS 02-60-03, Steam Cleaning Drain, will be clean closed by removing contaminated soil. As a BMP, the steam cleaning sump grate and outfall pipe will be removed. (7) CAS 02-60-04, French Drain, was clean closed. Corrective actions were completed during corrective action investigation activities. (8) CAS 02-60-05, French Drain, will be clean closed by removing contaminated soil. (9) CAS 02-60-06, French Drain, contains no COCs above action levels. No further action is required. (10) CAS 02-60-07, French Drain, requires no further action. The french drain identified in historical documentation was not located during corrective action investigation activities. (11) CAS 23-60-01, Mud Trap Drain and Outfall, will be clean closed by removing sediment from the mud trap. As a BMP, the mud trap and outfall pipe will be removed. (12) CAS 23-99-06, Grease Trap, will be clean closed by removing sediment from the grease trap and backfilling the grease trap with grout. (13) CAS 25-60-04, Building 3123 Outfalls, will be clean closed by removing contaminated soil and the sludge-containing outfall pipe.

  1. Gaussian Quadrature for Optical Design with Non-circular Pupils and Fields,

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Broad Wavelength Ranges (Conference) | SciTech Connect Gaussian Quadrature for Optical Design with Non-circular Pupils and Fields, and Broad Wavelength Ranges Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Gaussian Quadrature for Optical Design with Non-circular Pupils and Fields, and Broad Wavelength Ranges Authors: Bauman, B J ; Xiao, H Publication Date: 2010-06-25 OSTI Identifier: 1117994 Report Number(s): LLNL-CONF-442492 DOE Contract Number: W-7405-ENG-48 Resource Type: Conference

  2. U.S. Lighting Market Characterization Volume II: Energy Efficient...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multiyear study to evaluate light sources and identify opportunities for saving energy. This report looks broadly at energy-efficient options in lighting and identifies leading ...

  3. 8th International Symposium on Supramolecular and Macrocyclic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ISMSC-8 encompassed the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of the field. We met our goal to bring together leading scientists in molecular recognition and supramolecular ...

  4. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Lab Leadership

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in 1984, and has been deputy director for research since 2009.

    Zarnstorff's broad curiosity dovetails with the task...

  5. PNA-peptide Assembly in a 3D DNA Nanocage at Room Temperature

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proteins and peptides fold into dynamic structures that access a broad functional landscape, however, designing artificial polypeptide systems is still a great challenge....

  6. HPC Seminar Broadcast May 2: The Materials Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Anubhav Jain Berkeley Lab New materials can potentially reduce the cost and improve the efficiency of solar photovoltaics, batteries, and catalysts, leading to broad societal...

  7. The Materials Project: Combining Density Functional Theory Calculation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Facility Room 238 New materials can potentially reduce the cost and improve the efficiency of solar photovoltaics, batteries, and catalysts, leading to broad societal...

  8. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (3) sensitivity (3) solar neutrinos (3) construction ... low-background broad energy Germanium detector ... could affect the production or propagation of solar ...

  9. Courses on Synchrotron Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    technologies, and a broad range of scientific applications in the Physical andor Life Sciences. The goal of the Summer Schools is to disseminate information about...

  10. SSRLUO 2003 Executive Committee Members | Stanford Synchrotron...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    925-423-9719 Nicholas Pingitore UTEP, Environmental & Geosciences, El Paso, TX 79968-0555 Analytical geochemistprofessor at the University of Texas at El Paso with broad...

  11. Gaussian Quadrature for Optical Design with Non-circular Pupils...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Gaussian Quadrature for Optical Design with Non-circular Pupils and Fields, and Broad Wavelength Ranges Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Gaussian Quadrature for Optical...

  12. Visualizing Assembling Everything (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jaffe, David; Gnerre, Sante

    2011-06-08

    David Jaffe and Sante Gnerre of the Broad Institute give a presentation on "Visualizing assembling everything" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

  13. Microsoft Word - Document1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    We have built a broad infrastructure of marketing resources that effectively convey the ... Joe Lstiburek's Webinar Now Available Online Last month, leading building science expert ...

  14. Class Patent Waiver W(C)2010-002

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is a request by VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES BROAD AGENCY for a DOE waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-FOA-0000239

  15. Federal Grant Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs to encourage the use and development of renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency measures. Most programs offer support for a broad range of technologies, while...

  16. Grant Programs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs to encourage the use and development of renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency measures. Most programs offer support for a broad range of technologies, while...

  17. Y-12s Training and Technology ? An exemplary success

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were taking on growing and ever more important roles as emerging missions at Y-12. The manufacturing processes had expanded into broad areas of chemical processing and metal...

  18. Electrocatalysis for the Production of Biorenewable Chemicals...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using a broad range of analytical techniques. Prior experience with liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, andor nuclear magnetic resonance is desirable but not...

  19. High-Pressure MOF Research Yields Structural Insights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The narrow definition of these materials is still under debate; however, the broad definition includes compounds exhibiting some level of dimensionality that are composed of...

  20. Status of purification facility | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Y-12's broad mission viewed as lure for future workforce Getting on the same page: Performance Excellence Energy contracts help sites achieve savings, sustainability GWI...

  1. PNNL: About PNNL - People

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development organizations to achieve the PNNL mission. Larry supports a broad range of strategic and tactical performance requirements including management of all facilities and...

  2. CAES Home

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Information and Tools CAES is authorized to conduct radiological work and store radiological materials under Idaho State University's NRC Broad Scope license. Each...

  3. Cyberspace Policy Review: Assuring a Trusted and Resilient Information...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The review team of government cybersecurity experts engaged and received input from a broad cross-section of industry, academia, the civil liberties and privacy communities, State ...

  4. PROJECT PROFILE: Institute for Sustainable Communities (Solar...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    coordination and shared learning across the other 14 organizations in the program. ... develop high-caliber, technically sound, broadly supported plans, models, and strategies. ...

  5. Sandia Energy - Transportation Energy Systems Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to bring together broad stakeholders in the transportation energy community to examine critical technologies, policies, and standards and their influence on technology evolution....

  6. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    records, and for capturing each of four broad classes of aerosol airmass types: maritime, biomass burning, desert dust, and continental aerosols. For instantaneous matchups...

  7. EIS-0285-SA-117: Supplement Analysis | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of graveled storage areas, perimeter roads and parking areas; 2) mechanical andor spot herbicide control of some broad leafs and noxious weeds; 3) mowing, fertilizing, and...

  8. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    routes responsible for the observed catalytic effects. Such efforts will allow for the optimization of plasma systems so that they may be incorporated into a broad range of...

  9. Bioelectrochemical Integration of Waste Heat Recovery, Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    barriers and over potential associated with hydrogen production, will be broadly applicable in U.S. industry, including the chemical, food, pharmaceutical, and refining sectors. ...

  10. Department of Energy Awards $9 Million in Grants for Science...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ins Triay, Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management. "These awards are part of the Obama Administration's broad commitment to investing in science and math education, ...

  11. Slide 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Glenn Podonsky, established a Focus Group in March 2007 that has met on a recurring ... Program through broad hazard analysis of environmental clean-up technologies ...

  12. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: A "Biomassive" Innovation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge encourages young people to improve their foundational understanding of bioenergy, which is a broad and complex topic. The ideas expressed in ...

  13. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge encourages young people to improve their foundational understanding of bioenergy, which is a broad and complex topic. The ideas expressed in ...

  14. Isotopes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    while LANL-produced germanium-68 is used to calibrate Positron Emission Tomography (PET) equipment used for a broad spectrum of diagnostic procedures. Some isotopes produced,...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Alternative and Clean Energy Program In July 2008, Pennsylvania enacted a broad 650 million alternative energy...

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Marcus says. Effort involves mechanical engineering The work touches many mechanical engineering disciplines. "We are very broad across disciplines, and because it's a safety...

  17. Air Force Announces Funding for Alternative Energy Research & Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has released a Broad Area Announcement (BAA) for over $25 million for Alternative Energy Research & Development.

  18. SAND80-0984

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... a broad spectrum of technologies in the wind energy area ... development, demonstration, and market development process. ... * streamtube , and vortex * models; Fig. 3 Numerical ...

  19. ALABAMA GETS WISE ABOUT SELLING UPGRADES | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... In an effort to minimize expenditures, AlabamaWISE invested less in broad marketing ... Amplify efforts through program branding. A successful residential energy efficiency ...

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a critical part of that in nuclear security, environmental innovation, research and development, "and broadly for bringing high-technology manufacturing back to the United...

  1. Steps to Commercialization: Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries |...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    funds cutting-edge research on a broad range of topics ranging from advanced battery construction to the modeling of industrial processes and supercomputer simulation of...

  2. Advanced Manufacturing pipeline brings NSC and Minority Serving...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    aligns with the broad interests of DOE sites and emphasizes the entire career pipeline. ... Kansas to collaborate on NNSA technology projects Amarillo Students Win Regional National ...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative and Clean Energy Program In July 2008, Pennsylvania enacted a broad 650 million alternative energy bill designed to provide support for a variety of renewable energy...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building Controls Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Alternative and Clean Energy Program In July 2008, Pennsylvania enacted a broad 650...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heaters Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Alternative and Clean Energy Program In July 2008, Pennsylvania enacted a broad 650 million...

  6. Weatherization and Intergovernmental FY 2016 Budget At-A-Glance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    implement sustainable energy policies and programs, and perform residential energy- efficiency retrofits in low-income households. WIP also designs and manages a broad portfolio ...

  7. RAPID/Best Practices/Public Involvement | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - use a broad range of communication tools, including public meetings, a project website, social media accounts, press releases, advertisements in local newspapers and...

  8. The Cray XT4 Quad-core : A First Look (Conference) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    These experiences were gained while porting a broad set of scientific application programs to Jaguar. Authors: Alam, Sadaf R 1 ; Barrett, Richard F 1 ; Eisenbach, Markus 1 ; ...

  9. Laboratory Directed Research and Development

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) requirements for laboratory directed research and development (LDRD) while providing the laboratory director broad flexibility for program implementation.

  10. Laboratory Directed Research and Development

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2015-04-30

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) requirements for laboratory directed research and development (LDRD) while providing the laboratory director broad flexibility for program implementation

  11. 12 Voltz Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limited Place: Cumbria, United Kingdom Zip: LA8 9NH Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Selling and delivering broad range of advanced energy generating...

  12. FE Clean Coal News | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    magazine. November 15, 2010 NETL's High-Speed Imaging System Successfully Applied in Medicine, Broad Spectrum of Industry A groundbreaking Department of Energy-developed imaging...

  13. Field Mapping At Raft River Geothermal Area (1993) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    extension over broad areas of the northern Basin and Range. References Dumitru, T.; Miller, E.; Savage, C.; Gans, P.; Brown, R. (1 April 1993) Fission track evidence for...

  14. Fission track evidence for widespread early to Middle miocene...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    major extension over broad areas of the northern Basin and Range. Authors Dumitru, T.; Miller, E.; Savage, C.; Gans, P.; Brown and R. Published Geological Society of America,...

  15. Field Mapping At Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    extension over broad areas of the northern Basin and Range. References Dumitru, T.; Miller, E.; Savage, C.; Gans, P.; Brown, R. (1 April 1993) Fission track evidence for...

  16. Excessing of Computers Used for Unclassified Controlled Information...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of approxiinately 800 infomations ystems, including up to 11 5,000 personal computers, many powerful supercomputers, numerous servers, and a broad array of related...

  17. Our History | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pursues a broad range of priorities in chemical, materials, engineering, environmental, mathematical and physical sciences. How the Laboratory Began Frank Spedding After the...

  18. Science Council

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    broadly by the U.S. nuclear energy industry Goals * Develop and effectively apply modern virtual reactor technology * Provide more understanding of safety margins while...

  19. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    broadly by the U.S. nuclear energy industry Goals * Develop and effectively apply modern virtual reactor technology * Provide more understanding of safety margins while...

  20. NREL: Transportation Research - Fuels Performance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fuels Performance Photo of a man working with laboratory equipment. NREL fuel performance chemists evaluate a broad range of performance criteria, including storage stability....