Sample records for freezers stoves dishwashers

  1. Elmira Stove Works: Order (2011-CE-1407)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Elmira Stove Works to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Elmira Stove Works had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerator-freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  2. Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Elmira Stove Works failed to certify refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  3. Dishwasher | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1Dering Harbor,Discount Power Jump to: navigation,Dishwasher

  4. Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This incentive allows Arizona taxpayers to deduct the cost of converting an existing wood fireplace to a qualifying wood stove. The cost to purchase and install all necessary equipment is tax...

  5. Dishwasher: 1; Human: 0 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher: 1; Human: 0

  6. Residential Dishwashers, Purchasing Specifications for Energy-Efficient Products (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance and purchasing specifications for residential dishwashers under the FEMP-designated product program.

  7. Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves and Improved Stove Emission Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HATFIELD, MICHAEL; Still, Dean

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In developing countries, there is an urgent need for access to safe, efficient, and more affordable cooking technologies. Nearly 2.5 billion people currently use an open fire or traditional cookstove to prepare their meals, and recent models predict that use of biomass for cooking will continue to be the dominant energy use in rural, resource-poor households through 2030. For these families, cooking poses serious risks to health, safety, and income. An alarming 4 million people, primarily women and children, die prematurely each year from indoor and outdoor exposure to the harmful emissions released by solid fuel combustion. Use of traditional stoves can also have a significant impact on deforestation and climate change. This dire situation creates a critical need for cookstoves that significantly and verifiably reduce fuel use and emissions in order to reach protective levels for human health and the environment. Additionally, advances in the scientific equipment needed to measure and monitor stove fuel use and emissions have not kept pace with the significant need within the industry. While several testing centers in the developed world may have hundred thousand-dollar emissions testing systems, organizations in the field have had little more than a thermometer, a scale, and subjective observations to quantify the performance of stove designs. There is an urgent need for easy-to-use, inexpensive, accurate, and robust stove testing equipment for use by laboratory and field researchers around the world. ASAT and their research partner, Aprovecho Research Center (ARC), have over thirty years of experience addressing these two needs, improved cookstoves and emissions monitoring equipment, with expertise spanning the full spectrum of development from conceptual design to product manufacturing and dissemination. This includes: 1) research, design, and verification of clean biomass cookstove technology and emissions monitoring equipment; 2) mass production of quality-controlled stove and emissions equipment at levels scalable to meet global demand; and 3) global distribution through a variety of channels and partners. ARC has been instrumental in designing and improving more than 100 stove designs over the past thirty years. In the last four years, ASAT and ARC have played a key role in the production and sales of over 200,000 improved stoves in the developed and developing world. The ARC-designed emissions equipment is currently used by researchers in laboratories and field studies on five continents. During Phase I of the DOE STTR grant, ASAT and ARC worked together to apply their wealth of product development experience towards creating the next generation of improved cookstoves and emissions monitoring equipment. Highlights of Phase I for the biomass cookstove project include 1) the development of several new stove technologies that reached the DOE 50/90 benchmark; 2) fabrication of new stove prototypes by ASAT’s manufacturing partner, Shengzhou Stove Manufacturing (SSM); 3) field testing of prototype stoves with consumers in Puerto Rico and the US; and 4) the selection of three stove prototypes for further development and commercialization during Phase II. Highlights of Phase I for the emissions monitoring equipment project include: 1) creation of a new emissions monitoring equipment product, the Laboratory Emissions Monitoring System (LEMS 2) the addition of gravimetric PM measurements to the stove testing systems to meet International Standards Organization criteria; 3) the addition of a CO{sub 2} sensor and wireless 3G capability to the IAP Meter; and 4) and the improvement of sensors and signal quality on all systems. Twelve Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers purchased this equipment during the Phase I project period.

  8. Coleman Two Burner Stove The Coleman Matchlight 2-Burner Propane Stove is especially designed for outdoor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Coleman Two Burner Stove The Coleman Matchlight 2-Burner Propane Stove is especially designed-burner propane stove has a high-pressure regulator that ensures a constant flame regardless of weather propane stove has a removable nickel-chrome-plated grate that makes for easy cleaning. The aluminized

  9. Marin County- Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and fireplace inserts) with cleaner burning stoves...

  10. Superinsulation in refrigerators and freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.; Stovall, T.K.; Wilkes, K.E.; Childs, K.W.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results presented here were obtained during Phase 4 of the first CRADA, which had the specific objective of determining the lifetime of superinsulations when installed in simulated refrigerator doors. The second CRADA was established to evaluate and test design concepts proposed to significantly reduce energy consumption in a refrigerator-freezer that is representative of approximately 60% of the US market. The stated goal of this CRADA is to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50%, the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 L) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translates to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research is to facilitate the introduction of efficient appliances by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. In previous work on this project, a Phase 1 prototype refrigerator-freezer achieved an energy consumption of 1.413 kWh/d [Vineyard, et al., 1995]. Following discussions with an advisory group comprised of all the major refrigerator-freezer manufacturers, several options were considered for the Phase 2 effort, one of which was cabinet heat load reductions.

  11. Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Beer-dispensing and direct draw units Glass frosters Deep well and bunker freezers. Open-air units, deli cases, prep tables, drawer cabinets, laboratory-grade products,...

  12. Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial refrigerators and freezers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  13. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case Lighting Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case Lighting This document is a report...

  14. Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period

  15. An Exploration of Innovation and Energy Efficiency in an Appliance Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Margaret

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clothes washers; refrigerators and freezers; dishwashers;and tubes, household refrigerators and freezers, householdhousehold refrigerators and freezers, air conditioning (room

  16. Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivationsecond most-used) refrigerators, and freezers, and residualfor more efficient refrigerators and freezers, as well as

  17. Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) now offers the Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program as part of its Residential Clean Energy Grant Program. The Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program...

  18. Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC DEFROSTING REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC DEFROSTING REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER Richard F. Topping-efficient refrigerator- freezer prototype involving the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Arthur D refrigerator-freezers. The resulting 16 cubic foot prototype uses significantly less energy than the most

  20. 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for residential refrigerators and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

  1. Energy-efficiency directory of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Statt, T.G.; Coggins, J.L.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information is presented about the energy costs of operating refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers and includes the type of refrigerator or refrigerator-freezer, the fresh food volume, the freezer volume, the total volume, and the yearly energy cost. The directory lists all currently marketed electric refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers that have Energy Guide labels. The Federal Trade Commission requires manufacturers who distribute refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers to attach Energy Guide labels to appliances manufactured on or after May 19, 1980. The data have been measured by manufacturers and/or their agents according to US Government standard test procedures.

  2. An ergonomically designed dishwasher for the ambulatory and wheelchair-bound elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, DeAun

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the participants while loading the dishwashers were evaluated by measuring the body angles at the most extreme positions ? reaching to place a dish into the dishwasher. The videotape was stopped and the angles measured from the television screen itself using a... which allows the dishes to air dry if desired. The soap dispenser should be located so as not to require the user to stoop to fill it. The dispenser should also have a large surface that can be pressed against to facilitate closing as opposed...

  3. Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Accomplishments and Opportunities During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    televisions, refrigerators and freezers, mobile phones,dishwashers, refrigerators and freezers and clothes washersand 48 million refrigerator/freezers with exports of 20

  4. Environmental assessment for proposed energy conservation standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Environmental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers was prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality, Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 1500 through 1508. The proposed energy conservation standard (Level 1) and the alternative standards are being reviewed in an energy-efficiency standards rulemaking that the Department has undertaken pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act and the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act. The EA presents the associated environmental impacts from four energy conservation standards for this type of household appliance. For purposes of this EA, each standard is an alternative action and is compared to what is expected to happen if no new standards for this type of product were finalized, i.e., the no action alternative. Of the four energy conservation standard levels considered, standard level 4 has the highest level of energy efficiency and the largest environmental impact. The proposed action implementing Standard Level 1 would have the least environmental impacts, through emission reductions, of the four alternatives. The description of the standards results from the appliance energy-efficiency analyses conducted for the rulemaking. The presentation of environmental impacts for each of the alternatives appears at Section 3 of the EA.

  5. Energy performance listings: Residential refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Performance Listings series provides comparative information across manufacturers on products. The Refrigerator/Freezers Listings include more than 2900 models that meet or exceed federal standards contained in the Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products. Information on model energy efficiency levels, performance characteristics, and manufacturer names permits easy selection of top-performing equipment. Each Energy Performance Listing includes an introductory section, two sections of model listings, and an appendix with manufacturer contacts. The first model-listing section presents information in descending order of efficiency for all manufacturers. These efficiency-ordered listings also include banners or symbols to identify voluntary efficiency thresholds for U.S. DOE/U.S. EPA`s Energy Star Program and U.S. DOE`s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). Products listed above each banner meet or exceed the efficiency level established by the Energy Star program. All models noted with the symbol meet or exceed FEMP levels. With these listings, users can quickly identify the most efficient product in a particular size range, identify products that meet the efficiency criteria of a specific program, or determine an efficiency threshold that will include a specific number of manufacturers. The second section of model listings presents products grouped by manufacturer and catalog number, allowing users to quickly find and identify performance information on specific models. Energy Performance Listings are tools that support purchasing and procurement by federal, state, and local governments and others, including utility companies, energy interest groups, and research organizations. The listings may be used for program design and planning purposes, equipment selection, specification, and purchasing decisions. The listings are a product of the Energy-Efficient Procurement Collaborative, Inc. and are available through NYSERDA.

  6. Experimental analysis of stove top designs for pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roqué, Alyssa J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The motivation behind this project was to develop a better understanding of the role that the stove top plays in a stove where pine needles are the main fuel source. Pine needles have distinct characteristics in their ...

  7. 9-056-462-00 (3557) EXPLOSION-PROOF REFRIGERATOR, FREEZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    , FREEZER AND REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER Models 3557, 3557SS, 3557LHSS, 3557-2, 3557-4 o I At Lab-Line, we take in this manual include: Models 3557, 3557SS, 3557LHSS: Model 3557-2: Freezer Model 3557-4: Refrigerator-Freezer9-056-462-00 (3557) kN 4/88 ^INiyiAL LAB-LIIME lAB-LINE FRIGID-CAB EXPLOSION-PROOF REFRIGERATOR

  8. SYMPOSIUM PAPER TC7.1 -DOMESTIC REFRIGERATORS AND FOOD FREEZERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;SYMPOSIUM PAPER FOR TC7.1 - DOMESTIC REFRIGERATORS AND FOOD FREEZERS THE ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURE OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC DEFROSTING REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER by Raymond H. Bohman, P.E. Robert REFRIGERATOR - FREEZER 1. INTRODUCTION This paper describes the engineering effort and method of manufacture

  9. 2014-07-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule Correction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule correction regarding test procedures for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on July 10, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  10. NASA advanced refrigerator/freezer technology development project overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cairelli, J.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) has recently initiated a three-year project to develop the advanced refrigerator/freezer (R/F) technologies needed to support future life and biomedical sciences space experiments. Refrigerator/freezer laboratory equipment, most of which needs to be developed, is enabling to about 75 percent of the planned space station life and biomedical science experiments. These experiments will require five different classes of equipment; three storage freezers operating at -20 C, -70 C and less than 183 C, a -70 C freeze-dryer, and a cryogenic (less than 183 C) quick/snap freezer. This project is in response to a survey of cooling system technologies, performed by a team of NASA scientists and engineers. The team found that the technologies required for future R/F systems to support life and biomedical sciences spaceflight experiments, do not exist at an adequate state of development and concluded that a program to develop the advanced R/F technologies is needed. Limitations on spaceflight system size, mass, and power consumption present a significant challenge in developing these systems. This paper presents some background and a description of the Advanced R/F Technology Development Project, project approach and schedule, general description of the R/F systems, and a review of the major R/F equipment requirements.

  11. Removing Odors from Refrigerators and Freezers after Food has Spoiled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ER-005 6-06 Extension Family and Consumer Science Specialists The Texas A&M University System If food has spoiled in a refrigerator or freezer because of a power failure or some other reason, undesirable odors can develop. To eliminate these odors...

  12. Factors affecting the energy consumption of two refrigerator-freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, J.Y.; Kelley, G.E. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Building and Fire Research Lab.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Two refrigerator-freezers, one with a top-mounted freezer and one with side-by-side doors, were tested in the laboratory to determine the sensitivity of their energy consumption to various operational factors. Room temperature, room humidity, door openings, and the setting of the anti-sweat heater switch were the factors examined. The results indicated that the room temperature and door openings had a significantly greater effect on energy consumption than the other two factors. More detailed tests were then performed under different room temperature and door-opening combinations. The relationship of door openings and the equivalent test room temperature was established. Finally, the effect on energy of different temperature settings was studied. Test results are presented and discussed.

  13. Conserving Energy in Blast Freezers Using Variable Frequency Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolbe, E.; Ling, Q.; Wheeler, G.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Portland Greg Wheeler Director Industrial Assessment Center ABSTRACT A stationary blast freezer processing 22 -lb cartons of sardines in 19,000 pound lots was modified to improve efficiency and to conserve energy. Baffles... of Portland showed readings to agree within 1%. The procedure for measuring velocity profiles was to position the operator in the blast-cell with doors closed, downstream of the pack, prior to opening the refrigeration valve. We thus assumed...

  14. Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.; Miller, W.A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the Montreal Protocol that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must be resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability. In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results are presented for an 18 cubic foot (0.51 cubic meter), top-mount refrigerator-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R12, R500, R12/Dimethyl-ether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12 /DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. 12 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Energy consumption testing of innovative refrigerator-freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, M.T.; Howell, B.T.; Jones, W.R. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Long, D.L. [Statistical Solutions, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The high ambient temperature of the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the AHAM/DOE Refrigerator-Freezer Energy Consumption Standards is intended to compensate for the lack of door openings and other heat loads. Recently published results by Meier and Jansky (1993) indicate labeled consumption overpredicting typical field consumption by 15%. In-house field studies on conventional models showed labeled consumption overpredicting by about 22%. The Refrigerator-Freezer Technology Assessment (RFTA) test was developed to more accurately predict field consumption. This test has ambient temperature and humidity, door openings, and condensation control set at levels intended to typify Canadian household conditions. It also assesses consumption at exactly defined compartment rating temperatures. Ten conventional and energy-efficient production models were laboratory tested. The RFTA results were about 30% lower than labeled. Similarly, the four innovative refrigerator-freezer models, when field tested, also had an average of 30% lower consumption than labeled. Thus, the results of the limited testing suggest that the RFTA test may be a more accurate predictor of field use. Further testing with a larger sample is recommended. Experimental results also indicated that some innovative models could save up to 50% of the energy consumption compared with similar conventional units. The technologies that contributed to this performance included dual compressors, more efficient compressors and fan motors, off-state refrigerant control valve, fuzzy logic control, and thicker insulation. The larger savings were on limited production models, for which additional production engineering is required for full marketability.

  16. Refrigerator/freezer directory: sorted by type and volume, based on 1979 standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This directory identifies refrigerators, freezers and combinations thereof, that have been certified as complying with the regulations that became effective on November 3, 1979.

  17. Performance of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer using HFC refrigerants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baskin, E.; Delafield, F.R.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-cycle 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}) refrigerator/freezer was tested utilizing American National Standards Institute/Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (ANSI/AHAM) standards for energy consumption testing. A 34.9% energy consumption reduction was realized for a 1984 model refrigerator/freezer (1020 kWh original energy use). This paper presents a proven method of reducing the current Department of Energy (DOE) minimum energy-efficiency standards for refrigerator/freezers to the proposed year 2001 standards utilizing existing technology. For a top-mount, frost-free refrigerator/freezer having the above volume, the current DOE minimum energy standard is 770 kWh/year, and the proposed DOE year 2001 standard is 530 kWh/year (a 31% reduction). Therefore, some significant reductions may be obtained by implementing the modifications discussed in this paper into newer refrigerator/freezer models. The paper gives an overview of the modifications implemented by a Danish university on a US refrigerator/freezer and presents experimental performance testing results of the refrigerator/freezer. The modifications will cause the refrigerator/freezer to be more expensive, but the performance enhancements should offset cost. No cost analysis is presented in this paper, but a detailed cost analysis of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer is contained in a 1993 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report (EPA 1993). The refrigerator/freezer was tested using four refrigerants and compressors. Two compressors and refrigerants were tested in the freezer cycle, and four were tested in the fresh food cycle.

  18. Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sand, J.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US)); Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the Montreal Protocol (UNEP 1987) that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability, In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers (AHAM 1985). The results are presented for an 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}), top mount refrigerators-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R 12, R500, R12/dimethylether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12/DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants, indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising (6.8% and 8.5% higher energy consumption, respectively), changes to the refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. It is noted that the test results are only an initial step in determining a replacement for R12.

  19. Refrigerator-Freezers (multiple defrost waiver) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalancedDepartment ofColumbusReport #Study | DepartmentEvaluations |Freezers

  20. Product Refrigerator Freezer Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Peter

    Product Refrigerator Freezer Eggs Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze Raw yolks, whites 2 recommended storage times are for quality only. Refrigerator & Freezer Storage Chart Product Refrigerator, opened 3 days Don't freeze unopened 10 days 1 year Mayonnaise, commercial Refrigerate after opening 2

  1. Development of quick repairing technique for ceramic burner in hot stove of blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kondo, Atsushi; Doura, Kouji; Nakamura, Hirofumi [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Wakayama (Japan). Wakayama Steel Works

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Refractories of ceramic burner in hot stoves at Wakayama No. 4 blast furnace were damaged. There are only three hot stoves, so repairing must be done in a short. Therefore, a quick repairing technique for ceramic burners has been developed, and two ceramic burners were repaired in just 48 hours.

  2. Improving stove evaluation using survey data: Who received which intervention matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    air pollution Biomass fuel Coal Stoves Health Matching China As biomass fuel use in developing Francisco, CA 94105, USA d The First Teaching Hospital, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100016, China e. Using Chinese household data, we find that the owners of more efficient stoves (i.e., clean

  3. Calculational criticality analyses of 10- and 20-MW UF{sub 6} freezer/sublimer vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, W.C.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculational criticality analyses have been performed for 10- and 20-MW UF{sub 6} freezer/sublimer vessels. The freezer/sublimers have been analyzed over a range of conditions that encompass normal operation and abnormal conditions. The effects of HF moderation of the UF{sub 6} in each vessel have been considered for uranium enriched between 2 and 5 wt % {sup 235}U. The results indicate that the nuclearly safe enrichments originally established for the operation of a 10-MW freezer/sublimer, based on a hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratio of 0.33, are acceptable. If strict moderation control can be demonstrated for hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratios that are less than 0.33, then the enrichment limits for the 10-MW freezer/sublimer may be increased slightly. The calculations performed also allow safe enrichment limits to be established for a 20-NM freezer/sublimer under moderation control.

  4. Calculational criticality analyses of 10- and 20-MW UF[sub 6] freezer/sublimer vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, W.C.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculational criticality analyses have been performed for 10- and 20-MW UF[sub 6] freezer/sublimer vessels. The freezer/sublimers have been analyzed over a range of conditions that encompass normal operation and abnormal conditions. The effects of HF moderation of the UF[sub 6] in each vessel have been considered for uranium enriched between 2 and 5 wt % [sup 235]U. The results indicate that the nuclearly safe enrichments originally established for the operation of a 10-MW freezer/sublimer, based on a hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratio of 0.33, are acceptable. If strict moderation control can be demonstrated for hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratios that are less than 0.33, then the enrichment limits for the 10-MW freezer/sublimer may be increased slightly. The calculations performed also allow safe enrichment limits to be established for a 20-NM freezer/sublimer under moderation control.

  5. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Introduction into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis for the new Student Union Building Jordan Ho of a project/report". #12;APSC 262 An Introduction Into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves A triple-bottom line, 2011 #12;Page 2 of 21 ABSTRACT This report compares the attributes of induction and natural gas stoves

  6. SPATIAL DATA ON ENERGY, ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIOECONOMIC, HEALTH AND DEMOGRAPHIC THEMES AT LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY: 1978 INVENTORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart Ed., B.R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-

  7. California State University, Fullerton Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    , freezers, refrigerators, stoves (in addition to the one provided) outdoor clotheslines or drying equipment

  8. California State University, Fullerton University Police Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    , freezers, refrigerators, stoves (in addition to the one provided) outdoor clotheslines or drying equipment

  9. California State University, Fullerton University Police Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    , dryers, freezers, full sized refrigerators and stoves (except those provided in the apartments), outdoor

  10. Uranium hexaflouride freezer/sublimer process simulator/trainer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carnal, C.L. (Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (USA)); Belcher, J.D.; Tapp, P.A.; Ruppel, F.R.; Wells, J.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a software and hardware simulation of a freezer/sublimer unit used in gaseous diffusion processing of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}). The objective of the project was to build a plant simulator that reads control signals and produces plant signals to mimic the behavior of an actual plant. The model is based on physical principles and process data. Advanced Continuous Simulation Language (ACSL) was used to develop the model. Once the simulation was validated with actual plant process data, the ACSL model was translated into Advanced Communication and Control Oriented Language (ACCOL). A Bristol Babcock Distributed Process Controller (DPC) Model 3330 was the hardware platform used to host the ACCOL model and process the real world signals. The DPC will be used as a surrogate plant to debug control system hardware/software and to train operators to use the new distributed control system without disturbing the process. 2 refs., 4 figs.

  11. Synopsis of residential refrigerator/freezer alternative refrigerants evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental testing on residential refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) is summarized in this paper. R/F testing focused on two areas: alternative refrigerants and equipment configurations. The refrigerants evaluated consisted of single components, azeotropes, and zeotropes derived from hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and hydrocarbons (HCs). These refrigerants were evaluated in conventional and unconventional R/F designs. Major and minor design modifications were studied. Minor modifications consisted of various capillary tube lengths, door insulations, and compressors, while major modifications included two-evaporator and two-cycle R/F systems. Results obtained from testing the two-cycle system will be discussed in a later paper. This paper presents the experimental results of alternative technologies evaluated as replacements for ozone depleting chemicals.

  12. Adapted from FDA refrigerator and freezer guidelines: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/ResourcesForYou/HealthEducators/UCM109315.pdf Have you ever wondered how long you should keep things in the refrigerator or freezer? If so, then the chart below can he

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adapted from FDA refrigerator and freezer guidelines: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/ResourcesForYou/HealthEducators/UCM109315.pdf Have you ever wondered how long you should keep things in the refrigerator or freezer? If so to preserve quality. Refrigerator & Freezer Storage Chart Product Refrigerator Freezer Product Refrigerator

  13. Experimental and cost analyses of a one kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past ten years, government regulations for energy standards, coupled with the utility industry`s promotion of energy-efficient appliances, have prompted appliance manufacturers to reduce energy consumption in refrigerator-freezers by approximately 40%. Global concerns over ozone depletion have also required the appliance industry to eliminate CFC-12 and CFC-11 while concurrently improving energy efficiency to reduce greenhouse emissions. In response to expected future regulations that will be more stringent, several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as cabinet and door insulation improvements and a high-efficiency compressor were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system. Baseline energy consumption of the original 1996 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. The goal for the project was to achieve an energy consumption that is 50% below in 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard for 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) units. Based on discussions with manufacturers to determine the most promising energy-saving options, a laboratory prototype was fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the energy consumption of a unit with vacuum insulation around the freezer, increased door thicknesses, a high-efficiency compressor, a low wattage condenser fan, a larger counterflow evaporator, and adaptive defrost control.

  14. Biomass Stove Pollution Sam Beck ATOC-3500 Biomass energy accounts for about 15% of the world's primary energy consumption and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Biomass Stove Pollution Sam Beck ATOC-3500 Biomass energy accounts for about 15% of the world. Furthermore, biomass often accounts for more than 90% of the total rural energy supplies in developing countries. The traditional stoves in developing countries waste a lot of biomass, mainly because

  15. Household equipment of Canadians -- features of the 1993 stock and the 1994 and 1995 purchases: Analysis report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report reviews the results of three surveys that collected information on household equipment: The 1994 and 1995 Household Equipment Surveys and the 1993 Survey of Household Energy Use. The goal of the report is to highlight the features of energy-consuming equipment bought by Canadian households in 1994 and 1995 in comparison to those owned by households in 1993. Results are presented by type of equipment: Refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, freezers, automatic washers, automatic dryers, air conditioning systems, heating systems, and water heaters. Appendices include information on survey methodology and a copy of the survey questionnaire.

  16. Hot repair of ceramic burner on hot blast stoves at USS/Kobe`s {number_sign}3 blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernarding, T.F.; Chemorov, M.; Shimono, S.; Phillips, G.R.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    During the 1992 reline of the No. 3 blast furnace, three new stoves were constructed. The design of the stoves, equipped with internal ceramic burners, was for providing a hot blast temperature of 2,000 F at a wind rate of 140,000 SCFM. After 3 years the performance had deteriorated so the burners were cleaned. When a second cleaning did not improve the performance of No. 3 blast furnace, it was decided to repair the refractory while still hot. The paper describes the hot repair procedures, taking a stove off for repairs, maintenance heat up during repairs, two stove operation, stove commissioning, repair of a ceramic burner, and wet gas prevention.

  17. Combination cooler and freezer for refrigerating containers and food in outer space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudick, A.G.

    1988-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A refrigeration apparatus for cooling containers and food in the microgravity conditions of outer space is described comprising: (a) a housing defining a refrigeration compartment for supporting the containers in a container storage area and food in a refrigerated food storage area, and freezer compartment; (b) cold plate means within the refrigeration compartment for cooling the containers and food by conduction; (c) thermoelectric refrigeration means for maintaining the cold plates at temperatures which cool the contents of the refrigeration compartment, and the freezer compartment.

  18. Review of energy efficiency of refrigerator/freezer gaskets. Final report, Jul-Nov 90

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghassemi, M.; Shapiro, H.

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report gives results of an investigation of the significance of heat leakage through gaskets in household refrigerator/freezers, explores different design features, and suggests further study if necessary. The report gives results of an extensive literature review, interviews with refrigerator/freezer and gasket manufacturers, and some engineering analysis. (NOTE: Home refrigerators are the largest consumers of electricity among household appliances and are consuming an estimated 8% of the total electricity used in the U.S. Recent studies show that gasket area heat leakage may account for as much as 21% of the total thermal load.)

  19. Field usage and its impact on energy consumption of refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gage, C.L. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated the effect of door openings and kitchen environment on the energy consumption of nine household refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) in the field. The factors under consideration include fresh food and freezer door openings, length of door openings, ambient kitchen temperature, and kitchen relative humidity (RH). Average daily energy consumption for the nine units ranged from 1.7 to 5.3 kWh/day. Energy consumption was found to correlate with kitchen temperature and the number of door openings. No dependence on kitchen relative humidity was found. In general, the magnitude of the door opening component of energy consumption was higher for the more efficient units.

  20. FIELD TEST OF A HIGH-EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC-DEFROST REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;FIELD TEST OF A HIGH-EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC- DEFROST REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER By Richard F. Topping and manufacture pre-production units for home usage tests. The purpose of the field test and the associated market been promising. The first five months of field test data have shown an average 57% decrease in energy

  1. Cost-efficiency analysis in support of the energy conservation standards for refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Appliance Energy Conservation At (NAECA) of 1987 requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers along with several other appliances. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of the proposed 1998 standards for refrigerator/freezers. These proposed standards are unique in that they have been reached by a consensus of various interested parties including the trade association of refrigerator and freezer manufacturers, environmental groups, state energy offices, and utility companies. In large part, these consensus standards are based on the analysis described in this paper. The analysis shows that, for example, for a 515-liter (18.2-ft{sup 3}) top-mount automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer, the annual energy consumption can be reduced from 700 kWh/yr (2.52 GJ/yr) to 484 kWh/yr (1.74 GJ/yr) (30.9%) by the use of more efficient fan motors and compressors, improved gaskets, and insulation that is {1/2}-inch (12.7 mm) thicker. The energy use can be further reduced to 422 kWh/yr (1.52 GJ/yr) (39.8%) by employing improved heat exchangers, switching to adaptive defrost, and employing vacuum panel insulation instead of thicker walls and doors.

  2. Fort Meade demonstration test LEDS in freezer rooms, fiber optics in display cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Steven; Parker, Graham B.

    2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Demonstration projects at Fort George G. Meade, MD, substituted LED lighting for incandescent bulbs in commisary wal-in freezers and fiber optic lighting in reach-in display cases. The goal was to reduce energy consumption and the results were positive. Journal article published in Public Works Digest

  3. Quantifying Stove Emissions Related to Different Use Patterns for the Silvermini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchstetter, Jonathan Slack, Larry Dale Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor apparatus used for measuring gas sampled directly from the stove chimney. We thank the "Building 75c cook Abstract Air pollution levels in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital, are among the highest in the world

  4. Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Fuel Efficient Stoves to Achieve Fuel Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Fuel Efficient Stoves to Achieve Fuel Security Overview Tanzanians living near the Udzungwa Mountains National Park have 100,000 villagers without an available fuel source. One possible solution to alleviate this crisis

  5. Experience with improved charcoal and wood stoves for households and institutions in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyman, E.L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts at promoting more fuel-efficient charcoal stoves to replace traditional charcoal stoves in Kenya offer some lessons for the dissemination of appropriate technologies. This paper looks at the market-based approach which has made the Kenyan charcoal stoves project a success. Trends in woodfuels (wood and charcoal) consumption in Kenya are identified; the traditional technology for charcoal combustion and the upgraded traditional technologies are described; production achievement and the dissemination and promotion strategy used are examined; and a financial and economic analysis is performed with social, health and environmental effects assessed. Other ways to achieve a more favourable balance between woodfuels consumption and supply are then discussed looking at more efficient charcoal kilns and household woodstoves, improved institutional stoves and increased wood production. The replication potential of the Kenya experiment in other countries is also explored. The lessons learnt from the the Kenya experience concern the relationship between technology, choice and delivery systems as they interact with, economic, institutional, and policy factors. In this case, the design work accepted the traditional technology as a starting point which helped ensure widespread acceptance by households. The potential desirability of relying on local artisans to manufacture consumer durables using existing private sector channels to market these goods is also shown. It also highlights the importance of going beyond a laissez-faire approach and supporting training, demonstration, and publicity to faciliate the workings of the private sector. In the Kenyan case, technology choice was relatively unsubsidized and left ot the preferences of consumers.

  6. Indoor air pollution in rural China: Cooking fuels, stoves, and health status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peabody, J.W.; Riddell, T.J.; Smith, K.R.; Liu, Y.P.; Zhao, Y.Y.; Gong, J.H.; Milet, M.; Sinton, J.E. [Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA (United States)

    2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid fuels are a major source of indoor air pollution, but in less developed countries the short-term health effects of indoor air pollution are poorly understood. The authors conducted a large cross-sectional study of rural Chinese households to determine associations between individual health status and domestic cooking as a source of indoor air pollution. The study included measures of health status as well as measures of indoor air-pollution sources, such as solid cooking fuels and cooking stoves. Compared with other fuel types, coal was associated with a lower health status, including negative impacts on exhaled carbon monoxide level, forced vital capacity, lifetime prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, and health care utilization. Decreasing household coal use, increasing use of improved stove technology, and increasing kitchen ventilation may decrease the short-term health effects of indoor air pollution.

  7. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

  8. Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An industry/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translated to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research was to facilitate the introduction of cost-efficient technologies by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. A 1996 model refrigerator-freezer was selected as the baseline unit for testing. Since the unit was required to meet the 1993 NAECA standards, the energy consumption was quite low (1.676 kWh/d), thus making further reductions in energy consumption very challenging. Among the energy saving features incorporated into the original design of the baseline unit were a low-wattage evaporator fan, increased insulation thicknesses, and liquid line flange heaters.

  9. 2014-06-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is the agency response to the Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration.

  10. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    formerly finished with white enamel, but now often colored, such as refrigerators, freezers, clothes; Irrigation equipment Commercial dishwashers; Recirculation pumps; Refrigeration condensing units #12

  11. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are...

  12. Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of electric or gas water heater EFFIC Average householdfreezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, clothes washers,Freezers Refrigerators Water Heaters Dishwashers Clothes

  13. Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Freezers Room air conditioners Televisions Clothes washers Dishwashers Battery chargers Water heaters Fluorescent lamp ballasts Incandescent reflector lamps If your appliance has...

  14. Energy efficiency improvements for refrigerator/freezers using prototype doors containing gas-filled panel insulating systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, B.; Arasteh, D.; Tuerler, D.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy efficiency improvements in domestic refrigerator/freezers, are directly influenced by the overall thermal performance of the cabinet and doors. An advanced system for reducing heat gain is Gas-Filled Panel thermal insulation technology. Gas-Filled Panels contain a low-conductivity, inert gas at atmospheric pressure and employ a reflective baffle to suppress radiation and convection within the gas. This paper presents energy use test results for a 1993 model 500 liter top mount refrigerator/freezer operated with its original doors and with a series of alternative prototype doors. Gas-Filled Panel technology was used in two types of prototype refrigerator/freezer doors. In one design, panels were used in composite with foam in standard metal door pans; this design yielded no measurable energy savings. In the other design, special polymer door pans were fitted with panels that fill nearly all of the available insulation volume; this design yielded a 6.5% increase in energy efficiency for the entire refrigerator/freezer. The EPA Refrigerator Analysis computer program has been used to predict the change in daily energy consumption with the alternative doors. The computer model also projects a 25% energy efficiency improvement for a refrigerator/freezer that would use Gas-Filled Panel insulation throughout the cabinet as well as the doors.

  15. Compressor calorimeter performance of refrigerant blends: Comparative methods and results for a refrigerator/freezer application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rice, C K; Sand, J R

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A protocol was developed to define calorimeter operating pressures for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures (NARMs) which corresponded with the saturated evaporator and condenser temperatures commonly used for pure refrigerants. Compressor calorimeter results were obtained using this equivalent-mean-temperature (EMT) approach and a generally applied Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) procedure at conditions characteristic of a domestic refrigerator-freezer application. Tests with R-12 and two NARMs indicate that compressor volumetric and isentropic efficiencies are nearly the same for refrigerants with similar capacities and pressure ratios. The liquid-line temperature conditions specified in the AHAM calorimeter rating procedure for refrigerator-freezer compressors were found to preferentially derate NARM performance relative to R-12. Conversion of calorimeter data taken with a fixed liquid-line temperature to a uniform minimal level of condenser subcooling is recommended as a fairer procedure when NARMs are involved. Compressor energy-efficiency-ratio (EER) and capacity data measured as a result of the EMT approach were compared to system performance calculated using an equivalent-heat-exchanger-loading (EHXL) protocol based on a Lorenz-Meutzner (L-M) refrigerator-freezer modeling program. The EHXL protocol was used to transform the calorimeter results into a more relevant representation of potential L-M cycle performance. The EMT method used to set up the calorimeter tests and the AHAM liquid-line conditions combined to significantly understate the cycle potential of NARMs relative to that predicted at the more appropriate EHXL conditions. Compressor conditions representative of larger heat exchanger sizes were also found to give a smaller L-M cycle advantage relative to R-12.

  16. Simulation results of single refrigerants for use in a dual-circuit refrigerator/freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bare, J.C. (Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual-circuit RFs have been shown to have a theoretical advantage over single-evaporator RFs if the compressor efficiencies of the separate loops are equivalent to the compressor efficiency of the combined system. Single refrigerants were analyzed to determine the optimum pure refrigerant in each of the two separate freezer and fresh food loops. R-152a and R-142b were determined to be the optimum single refrigerants in the dual-circuit system. With the assumptions made, theoretical energy savings of up to 23% of compressor power are possible.

  17. Evaluation of ozone-friendly hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic refrigerant mixtures in a Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Bayoglu, E.S.; Delafield, F.R. [Acurex Environmental Corp., Durham, NC (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer has two evaporators (located in the freezer and fresh food compartments), which makes it a leading candidate for use of zeotropic refrigerant mixtures. Zeotropic mixtures can have significant temperature glides during evaporation and condensation. Performance of the zeotropic mixture can be maximized in the LM design by permitting the lower end of the temperature glide to occur in the freezer compartment evaporator and the higher end in the fresh food compartment evaporator. Several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropes (e.g., R-227 ea/R-245ca) have been shown through steady-state modeling to outperform R-134a by up to 15%. Results from previous testing of this refrigerator/freezer using R-32/R-124 (zeotropic mixture) were published in an ASHRAE paper (Sand et al. 1993). Their results showed performance gains of approximately 3% over R-12. In the study presented in this paper, the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer having two evaporators and two intercoolers was experimentally tested in an environmental chamber according to Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers/Department of Energy (AHAM/DOE) testing standards using several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic mixtures. The results are compared to baseline testing with R-134a. The R-245ca/R-134a and R-245ca/R-152a mixtures performed comparably to R-134a. R-245ca/R-270 outperformed all zeotropic mixtures and R-134a by at least 16%. Also, a refrigerant sampling loop is added to determine the running composition of the mixture and its effects on the performance of the refrigerator/freezer.

  18. Engineering computer models for refrigerators, freezers, furnaces, water heaters, room and central air conditioners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This User's Guide provides the necessary information for understanding and using a computer model developed for the US Department of Energy which predicts the performance (energy consumption) of household refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The model is capable of simulating various cabinet configurations (top-mount, bottom-mount, side-by-side, single-door) and refrigeration unit combinations (back-mounted static condenser with single forced convection evaporator, hot wall condenser with cooled wall panels, etc.). The program is comprised of two main subroutines: a cabinet heat-load submodel and a refrigeration unit submodel; they can be used separately for preliminary design analysis or together for performance evaluations. A technical description of the model and information on how to structure input parameters are provided. The user is provided with specific guidance for running the model on a computer. Specific instructions are given in the Appendices for changing and running the model using the operating language compatible with the DOE computer terminal system. Other users will have to modify the procedures in these sections as necessary for different computers.

  19. Field test of a high efficiency, automatic defrost refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Topping, R.F.; Vineyard, E.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the market evaluation and field test portion of a program to design, develop, and demonstrate a high efficiency, automatic defrosting refrigerator-freezer for the residential market. After the successful completion of Phase I of the program, which concentrated on the design, construction, and laboratory testing of a 453 1 (16 ft/sup 3/) high-efficiency refrigerator-freezer prototype, Phase II was initiated in February 1979 to evaluate the sales potential and performance of the high-efficiency refrigerator concept under field conditions, as a necessary step in creating a product that was both manufacturable and marketable. In Phase I, a survey of food consumption and storage trends, family size, and consumer buying habits led to a sales-weighted average-capacity forecast for 1985 of approximately 453 1 (16 ft/sup 3/) and identification of the top-mount, automatic defrosting refrigerator as the projected sales leader. To meet this market demand, a 453 1 (16 ft/sup 3/) top-mount was selected as the baseline for the Phase I design and development. In Phase II, a 509 1 (18 ft/sup 3/) unit using Phase I technology was chosen for the field test, since the slightly larger model better fit the participating manufacturer's new product development efforts and market.

  20. Developing cost curves for conserved energy in new refrigerators and freezers: Demonstration of methodology and detailed engineering results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldstein, D.; Miller, P.; Watson, R.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops and demonstrates a procedure for determining the cost of conserved energy in residential refrigerators and freezers and for ranking conservation measures according to economic feasibility and practicality. Prepared jointly by the Natural Resources Defense Council and ACEE for the Solar Energy Research Institute.

  1. Switchover software reliability estimate for Paducah Freezer/Sublimer computer systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flanagan, D.M.; Davis, J.N.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K-25 Engineering Division purchased a series of redundant computer systems and developed software for the purpose of providing continuous process monitoring and control for the Freezer/Sublimer equipment in the gaseous diffusion process at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The application software is loaded on two central processing units (CPU) so that in the event of a failure of the primary unit, the processing can switch to the backup unit and continue processing without error. It is the purpose of this document to demonstrate the reliability of this system with respect to its ability to switch properly between redundant CPU. The total reliability estimation problem -- which considers the computer hardware, the operating system software, and the application software -- has been reduced to one that considers only the application software directly involved in the switchover process. Estimates are provided for software reliability and the testing coverage. Software and hardware reliability models and reliability growth models are considered in addition to Bayesian approaches.

  2. An experimental study on new egg-crate type evaporators in domestic refrigerators and freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bansal, P.K. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Neuren, O.S. van [OPUS International Consultants, Ltd., Auckland (New Zealand)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents experimental results of the heat transfer performance of new egg-crate type evaporators that are becoming popular in vapor compression cycle-based modern refrigerators and freezers. These forced flow, multiple finned evaporators are preferred in the local industry over the older roll-bonded designs due to efficiency and cost considerations. Extensive testing was done, and experimental data were gathered on evaporators of three different sizes at three airflow rates using a closed-loop test rig built for the purpose. This has led to the development of a novel approach of measuring low air velocities as encountered in domestic refrigerators. A correlation has been developed for the heat transfer performance of these evaporators following the j-Colburn factor analysis. The correlation relates the j-Colburn factor, a nondimensional heat transfer grouping of the Nusselt number, Reynolds number, and Prandtl number to the Reynolds number and finning factor.

  3. Field test of a high-efficiency, automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Topping, R.F.; Vineyard, E.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the successful design, development, and demonstration of a high efficiency refrigerator-freezer prototype, work was done to design and manufacture pre-production units for home usage tests. The purpose of the field test and the associated market evaluation is to confirm the energy saving potential of the high-efficiency design, identify possible design deficiencies or service difficulties, and assess the consumer appeal of the new unit. The first five months of field test data have shown an average 57% decrease in energy consumption when compared to a baseline unit of convention design. This energy savings is larger than predicted by the standard DOE test procedure. No serious design or service problems have been encountered. Consumers have not been adversely affected by the larger cabinet and thicker doors, and responded favorably in an actual retail sales test to initially spending more for an energy-saving refrigerator that will reduce electric usage.

  4. Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

  5. Fuel Efficient Stoves for Darfur Camps of Internally DisplacedPersons - Report of Field Trip to North and South Darfur, Nov. 16 -Dec.17, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galitsky, Christina; Gadgil, Ashok; Jacobs, Mark; Lee, Yoo-Mi

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 2.2 million internally displaced persons (''IDPs'') in Darfur are living in dense camps scattered in arid areas with low fuelwood productivity. Unsustainable harvesting of fuelwood by the IDPs has created ever increasing zones of denudation, that now (in November 2005) have reached several kilometers from the camp boundaries. Leaving the safety of the camps to fetch fuelwood from farther and farther away imposes great risk and hardship on the IDP women. Three different metal fuel efficient stove (''FES'') designs were tested in Darfur IDP camps for their suitability to substantially reduce the fuelwood needs of IDPs. The mud-and-dung ''ITDG'' stoves being promoted under the current FES program were also examined and tested. A modified design of the ITDG mud-and-dung stove, ''Avi'', was developed, built and tested. Systematic informal surveys of IDP households were undertaken in North and South Darfur to understand the household parameters related to family size, food, fuel, cooking habits, cooking pots, expenditure on fuel, and preferences related to alternative ways to spend time/money if fuel could be saved. Surveys found that a significant fraction of families are missing meals for lack of fuel (50% in South Darfur, and 90% in the North Darfur camps visited by the mission). About 60% of women in South Darfur, and about 90% of women in North Darfur camps purchase fuelwood. Selling some of the food rations to purchase fuel to cook meals was significant (40%) in South Darfur and has become common (80%) in North Darfur. The LBNL mission found that two of the metal stoves and the mud-and-dung Avi can significantly reduce fuelwood consumption using the same fuel, pot, cooking methods, and food ingredients used by Darfur IDPs. The most suitable design for Darfur conditions would be a modified ''Tara'' stove. With training of the cooks in tending the fire, this stove can save 50% fuel for the IDPs. The stove costs less than $10 (US) to produce in Darfur, and saves fuelwood worth $160 annually at local market prices. For programmatic and administrative reasons, the LBNL mission do not recommend a mud-and-dung stove, for which control of quality and dimensional accuracy is expensive and cumbersome to administer, particularly in a rapid large rollout effort. A light metal stove, on the other hand, can be rapidly produced in large numbers locally in Darfur, with good quality control exercised on the material and dimensions of the stoves right at the workshop where it is produced. LBNL mission also recommends immediate trials of 50 Tara stoves in a pilot technical rollout, 500 Tara stoves in a pilot social rollout, in parallel with a technical effort to modify the Tara design to make it better suited for Darfur camp conditions. The mission also recommends a program for manufacturing, disseminating the metal stoves, and educating the IDPs in fuel-efficient cooking practices. Monitoring of the stove quality, dissemination effort and training should be an integral part of the program, with systematic summaries planned with 10,000, 50,000 and 100,000 stoves have been disseminated. In the above pilot rollouts as well as in the final implementation, it is important to continue to pay attention to training of the cooks in tending the cooking fire in the stoves, and offer continued social reinforcement to this training (e.g., through periodic competitions to cook normal meals with the least fuelwood use.)

  6. Environmental assessment for proposed energy conservation standards for two types of consumer products; refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; small gas furnaces; and a proposed No standard standard for television sets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the environmental impacts resulting from new or amended energy-efficiency standard for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, small gas furnaces, and television sets as mandated by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987. A complete description of the Engineering and Economic Analysis of the proposed standards may be found elsewhere in the Technical Support Document (TSD). Four of the 14 scenarios for product design changes described in the Engineering Analysis of the TSD are chosen for environmental assessment based on their relative importance as design measures. Values for energy savings that result from product design changes are also taken from the TSD. The two main environmental concerns addressed are emissions from fossil fuel-fired electricity generation and the chlorofluorcarbons used in the production of rigid insulation foam. Each of the 12 design options for refrigerators and freezers result in decreased electricity use and and, therefore, reduced power plant emissions. Design changes that call for additional rigid foam insulation per appliance are of interest because they affect chlorofluorocarbon consumption. There is strong evidence that chlorofluorocarbons migrate to the stratosphere, break down, and catalyze the destruction of stratospheric ozone.

  7. Evaluation of performance and composition shift of zeotropic mixtures in a Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baskin, E.; Smith, N.D.; Delafield, F.R.; Tufts, M.W.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from previous testing of this refrigerator/freezer using a 750 Btu/h compressor and several zeotropic mixtures revealed a performance enhancement up to 16% above that of hydrofluorocarbon R-134a. In the study presented in this paper, the Lorenz-Meutzner (LM) refrigerator/freezer equipped with a 1060 Btu/h compressor, two evaporators, and two intercoolers was experimentally tested in an environmental chamber according to the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers/Department of Energy (AHAM/DOE) testing standards using several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic mixtures. The results are compared to baseline testing with R-134a and results obtained using the 750 Btu/h compressor. Hydrofluorocarbons R-245ca/R-152a performed comparably to R-134a. R-245ca/hydrocarbon R-270 (cyclopropane C{sub 3}H{sub 6}) outperformed all zeotropic mixtures and R-134a by at least 12.2 {+-} 0.7%. All refrigerants performed better using the larger compressor due to its inherently better efficiency. Refrigerant samples taken during refrigerator/freezer operation revealed substantial composition shifts (e.g., a 30% running composition shift of R-134a in the R-245ca/R-134a mixture). Sand et al. (1993) obtained an approximately 20% energy reduction using steady-state on-cycle energy consumption results; a comparison was made between chlorofluorocarbon R-12 and a hydrofluorocarbon R-32/hydrochlorofluorocarbon R-124 mixture. Lorenz and Meutzner (1975), originators of the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer design, state that the following parameters influence the optimum performance of the design: (1) heat exchanger size, (2) capillary tube length, (3) refrigerant charge, and (4) compressor size. This work investigates three of these parameters--capillary tube length, compressor size, and refrigerant charge.

  8. Evaluation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of an environmentally safe domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants and respond to regulatory actions arising from the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as improved cabinet insulation and high-efficiency compressor and fans, were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system to produce a unit that is superior from an environmental viewpoint due to its lower energy consumption and the use of refrigerant HFC-134a as a replacement for CFC-12. Baseline energy performance of the original 1993 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model was used to evaluate the energy savings for several design modifications that, collectively, could achieve a targeted energy consumption of 1.00 kWh/d for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. The energy consumption goal represents a 50% reduction in the 1993 NAECA standard for units of this size. Following the modeling simulation, laboratory prototypes were fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the analytical results and aid in improving the model in those areas where discrepancies occurred. While the 1.00 kWh/d goal was not achieved with the modifications, a substantial energy efficiency improvement of 22% (1.41 kWh/d) was demonstrated using near-term technologies. It is noted that each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. Further work on this project will analyze cost-effectiveness of the design changes and investigate alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration system changes to further reduce energy consumption.

  9. Investigation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of conventionally designed refrigerator-freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sand, J.R.; Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H. [Consulting Engineer, Cedar Rapids, IA (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several design options for improving the energy efficiency of conventionally-designed, domestic refrigerator freezers (RFs) were incorporated into two 1990 production RF cabinets and refrigeration systems. The baseline performance of the original units and unit components were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model which could simulate cycling behavior was used to evaluate the daily energy use impacts for each modification, and modeled versus experimental results are compared. The model was shown to track measured RF performance improvement sufficiently well that it was used with some confidence to investigate additional options that could not be experimentally investigated. Substantial improvements in RF efficiency were demonstrated with relatively minor changes in system components and refrigeration circuit design. However, each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. For RF sizes typically sold in the United States (18-22 ft{sup 3} [510--620 1]), alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration cycles may be required to achieve the program goal (1.00 Kilowatt-hour per day for a 560 l, top mount RF.

  10. The alternative refrigerant dilemma for refrigerator-freezers: Truth or consequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an effort to select a refrigerant that has minimal impact on energy consumption and the environment, a screening analysis of potential refrigerants was performed that resulted in the selection of six candidates. The screening results show that R-134a, R-134, R-152a, R-134a/R-152a, R-22/R-152a/R-124, and R-134a/R-152a/R-124 are the most promising refrigerants based on the following criteria: ozone depletion potential, greenhouse warming potential, coefficient of performance, and safety. Energy consumption tests were performed for the three pure refrigerants in accordance with the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results indicate an increased energy consumption of 6.8%, 7.3%, and 7.3%, respectively for R-134, R-152a, and R-134a in the most efficient oil. However, when the effects of compressor efficiency are taken into account, the normalized energy consumption results in an increase of only 2.7% for R-152a and 5.5% for both R-134a and R-134. 14 refs., 5 tabs.

  11. EPA's research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bare, J.C. (Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At a meeting in February 1989, EPA presented to several research universities, national laboratories, and refrigerator/freezer (RF) manufacturers the Agency's desire to replace CFC-12 as a refrigerant in the RF vapor compression cycle and increase RF energy efficiency. EPA recognized that, while eliminating CFCs, energy benefits could be gained by further product development (e.g., improving compressor efficiency or heat transfer surface areas). The largest cycle energy gains, however, were expected to be a result of completely different vapor compression configuration. Two new vapor compression configurations were suggested by the participants - the Lorenz design and the dual-circuit design. A decision was made to construct and test modified RFs as proof that the advanced refrigerants and cycles could achieve energy gains. An RF computer model has been updated and expanded which can model both the Lorenz and dual-circuit RF. Modified RF testing and component testing in test stands is being performed to determine the increased energy performance of these configurations.

  12. EPA's research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bare, J.C.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses EPA research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers (RFs). EPA is interested in not only phasing out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in RFs, but doing so in a way that will maximize energy efficiency and minimize subsequent impacts on the greenhouse effect. An early decision was made to concentrate on replacing fully halogenated CFCs in RFs during the first year of EPA's research. RFs were chosen because they are small, require small quantities of refrigerants, are relatively easy to modify and test, and are the most energy-consumptive appliances in most U.S. households. In the future, other applications are expected to receive more attention. The first year of EPA's program has concentrated on implementing two alternative configurations of RFs which are believed to have the potential to make RFs more energy efficient: the dual-circuit and the Lorenz RFs. Research has included modeling alternative refrigerants and Non-azeotropic Refrigerant Mixtures (NARMs) in the dual-circuit and Lorenz configurations and experimental testing of modified RFs and refrigeration components in test stands.

  13. Residential Dishwashers | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments onReply CommentsNext-GenerationDryer

  14. End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program: Analysis of residential refrigerator/freezer performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, B.A.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is conducting a large end-use data acquisition program in an effort to understand how energy is utilized in buildings with permanent electric space heating equipment in the Pacific Northwest. The initial portion of effort, known as the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP), was conducted for Bonneville by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The collection of detailed end-use data provided an opportunity to analyze the amount of energy consumed by both refrigerators and separate freezers units located in residential buildings. By obtaining this information, the uncertainty of long- term regional end-use forecasting can be improved and potential utility marketing programs for new appliances with a reduced overall energy demand can be identified. It was found that standby loads derived from hourly averages between 4 a.m. and 5 a.m. reflected the minimum consumption needed to maintain interior refrigerator temperatures at a steady-state condition. Next, an average 24-hour consumption that included cooling loads from door openings and cooling food items was also determined. Later, analyses were conducted to develop a model capable of predicting refrigerator standby loads and 24-hour consumption for comparison with national refrigerator label ratings. Data for 140 residential sites with a refrigeration end-use were screened to develop a sample of 119 residences with pure refrigeration for use in this analysis. To identify those refrigerators that were considered to be pure (having no other devices present on the circuit) in terms of their end-use classification, the screening procedure used a statistical clustering technique that was based on standby loads with 24-hour consumption. 5 refs., 18 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. Advanced insulations for refrigerator/freezers: The potential for new shell designs incorporating polymer barrier construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, B.T.; Arasteh, D.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The impending phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used to expand foam insulation, combined with requirements for increased energy efficiency, make the use of non-CFC-based high performance insulation technologies increasingly attractive. The majority of current efforts are directed at using advanced insulations in the form of thin, flat low-conductivity gas-filled or evacuated orthogonal panels, which we refer to as Advanced Insulation Panels (AIPs). AIPs can be used in composite with blown polymer foams to improve insulation performance in refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) of conventional design and manufacture. This AIP/foam composite approach is appealing because it appears to be a feasible, near-term method for incorporating advanced insulations into R/Fs without substantial redesign or retooling. However, the requirements for adequate flow of foam during the foam-in-place operation impose limitations on the allowable thickness and coverage area of AIPs. This report examines design alternatives which may offer a greater increase in overall thermal resistance than is possible with the use of AIP/foam composites in current R/F design. These design alternatives generally involve a basic redesign of the R/F taking into account the unique requirements of advanced insulations and the importance of minimizing thermal bridging with high thermal resistance insulations. The focus here is on R/F doors because they are relatively simple and independent R/F components and are therefore good candidates for development of alterative designs. R/F doors have significant thermal bridging problems due to the steel outer shell construction. A three dimensional finite difference computer modeling exercise of a R/F door geometry was used to compare the overall levels of thermal resistance (R-value) for various design configurations.

  16. Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W Faucets E Scanners E Rice Cookers E Electric Kettles EThis is the case for rice cookers, for example, which have aincluding stoves, rice cookers, and hot plates) Dishwashers

  17. Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2013-CEW-19001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Fagor America, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerator-freezers and dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  18. Fagor America: Order (2013-CEW-19001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Fagor America, Inc. to pay a $13,000 civil penalty after finding Fagor America had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerator-freezers and dishwashers comply with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  19. Development of a high-efficiency, automatic-defrosting refrigerator-freezer. Phase II. Field test. Volume III. Executive summary and task reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Topping, R.F.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The second phase of the development of a high-efficiency, automatic-defrosting, refrigerator-freezer is described. Following the successful completion of Phase I (design, construction, and laboratory testing of a 16 ft/sup 3/ high efficiency refrigerator-freezer prototype), Phase II was initiated to evaluate sales potential and in-home performance as a necessary step in creating a product that was both manufacturable and marketable. Twenty-five pilot production 18 ft/sup 3/ units using prototype tooling were produced on the assembly line to confirm the feasibility of full-scale production. These units were then used in a market and field test program in which consumer appeal and in-home performance were assessed. The market evaluation confirmed that refrigerators incorporating high-efficiency features at added cost are saleable and that large capacity, automatic-defrosting, refrigerator-freezers will continue to capture a large portion of the market in the years ahead, The field test confirmed the in-home energy saving potential of a high efficiency, automatic-defrosting refrigerator-frezer utilizing advanced design features such as optimized, thick-wall, foam an average energy savings of 60% compared to a baseline unit of conventional design.

  20. Development of minimum efficiency standards for large capacity air conditioners, and commercial water heaters, refrigerators, and freezers. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merrill, P.S.; Rettberg, R.J.; Erickson, R.C.; Toor, J.S.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission has promulgated appliance energy efficiency standards and energy conservation standards for new construction with the objective of reducing energy consumption in the State of California. The following appliance categories are specifically addressed: large capacity air conditioners; commercial water heaters; and commercial refrigerators and freezers. The tasks that have been performed include: an energy use pattern study for the subject equipment; an examination of the size distribution of commercial air conditioning equipment; an examination of the different types of commercial air conditioning systems; an evaluation of the effectiveness of economizers in reducing commercial air conditioning system energy consumption in California; an examination of the effects of oversizing commercial air conditioners; a detailed study of supermarket refrigeration and air conditioning equipment; an evaluation of the economic feasibility of utilizing air conditioner waste heat to heat water; an assessment of the applicability of existing test procedures for small water heaters to large water heaters; and a brief investigation of the marketing and distribution systems for air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Results of the efforts are described.

  1. 2014-09-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration Notice of Public Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting regarding energy conservation standards for walk-in coolers and freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute petition for reconsideration, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 23, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  2. List of Dishwasher Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolar (Texas)Biofuels SectorIncentives. CSVList of

  3. Magnetocaloric Refrigerator Freezer

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of Energy Low-Temperature CombustionGlassMackleMagnetically

  4. Conservation Division regiulations for appliance-efficiency standards relating to refrigerators and freezers, room air conditioners, central air conditioners, gas space heaters, water heaters, plumbing fittings, gas clothes dryers, and gas cooking appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The text of the appliance efficiency standards for certain types of new appliances sold in California is presented. Specifications and test methods to identify complying refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, gas space heaters, water heaters, plumbing fittings, gas clothes dryers, and gas cooking appliances are covered.

  5. Cook stove assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeFoort, Morgan W; Willson, Bryan D; Lorenz, Nathan; Brady, Michael P; Marchese, Anthony; Miller-Lionberg, Daniel D

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A combustion chamber, having an upper part and a lower part, may include an annular constriction, in combination with the combustion chamber, to aid in directing partially combusted gases such as carbon monoxide away from the periphery of the combustion chamber back toward its center, and into the flame front. The annular constriction may also impede the flow of partially combusted gases located at the periphery, thus increasing the time these gases spend within the combustion chamber and increasing the likelihood that any products of incomplete combustion will undergo combustion. The combustion chamber may further comprise a dual burner cooktop for directing combustion gases and exhaust to multiple cooking vessels. In further embodiments, the combustion chamber may be made of, lined, or clad with a metal alloy comprising iron, chromium, and aluminum.

  6. Residential Freezers | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments onReply

  7. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers, dishwashers and room air conditioners closed on December 6, 2010 for the following appliance categories will close on December 31, 2010: · Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Program for #12;California that provides rebates to encourage the replacement of inefficient residential

  8. Home > Visit apartments online > Vacation Rental > Bailleul I own an Apartment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Robert M.

    with baker, wine shop, pharmacy and small bars and bistrots with a FRANPRIX supermarket nearby and security description: - 1890 Building, 4 floor, with lift, entry code security system, with interphone, 2 Bedrooms Apt clean. - Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Freezer, Cooking rings, Oven, Microwave, Dinnerware and serving

  9. Home > Visit apartments online > Vacation Rental > Bailleul I own an Apartment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Robert M.

    Paris ambience with baker, wine shop, pharmacy and small bars and bistrots with a FRANPRIX supermarket floor, entry code security system, with interphone, 2 Bedrooms Apt, furnished, 66m / 660 sqft, high. - Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Freezer, Cooking rings, Oven, Microwave, Dinnerware and serving pieces, Toaster

  10. DOE Closes Investigation of ASKO Dishwasher | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof Energy DOE Challenge Home RecommendedASKO Appliance Inc.'s

  11. DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof Energy DOE ChallengeThese are the personnel

  12. Covered Product Category: Commercial Dishwashers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top FiveDepartmentfor EngineeringDepartment ofBoilers Covered Product

  13. Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top FiveDepartmentfor EngineeringDepartment ofBoilersDataHotof Energy

  14. Survey of Canadian new household equipment purchases, 1994 and 1995: Statistical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report reviews results of two surveys that collected information on household equipment: The 1994 and 1995 Household Equipment Surveys. The goal of this report is to present the features of energy-consuming equipment bought by Canadian households in 1994 and 1995. Data on equipment features are presented by type of equipment: Refrigerators, ranges, dishwashers, freezers, washers, dryers, air conditioners, heating systems, and water heaters. The appendix contains information on survey methodology and a copy of the survey questionnaire.

  15. Energy efficiency in the European union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lebot, B.; Waide, P.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Encouraged by the European Union labeling scheme for energy-efficient appliances, manufacturers in Europe are bring out lines of more efficient products that showcase new technologies. This article provides an overview both to the history of energy efficient appliances in the EU and highlights of the Domotechnica 1997 marketing show, including details of major energy efficiency improvements in refrigerators, clothes washers, clothes dryers, freezers, and dishwashers. 2 figs.

  16. Living and Working in the Freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Victoria (Dept of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion Unversity) [Dept of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion Unversity

    2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Very little data of any kind exists from the early spring in the Arctic. The reason? It's extremely cold and that makes it difficult to survive, let alone conduct science. From March through the end of April, 2011, scientists from around the world braved temperatures of -48?C in the high Canadian Arctic in the name of science. At the Catlin Arctic Survey's floating 'Ice Base' off Ellef Ringnes Island, Dr. Victoria Hill was investigating how organic material in fresh water near the surface of the ocean may be trapping heat from the sun, causing the upper ocean layers to warm. This is a very new area of research and this mechanism represents a key uncertainty in accurate modeling of ice thickness and upper ocean heat content. In this presentation Dr. Hill will talk about living and working at the ice base and discuss preliminary data from the expedition.

  17. Residential Freezers (Appendix B) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments onReply CommentsNext-GenerationDryerDramaticDepartment

  18. A bottle in a freezer Pavel Krejci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Elisabetta

    , freezing may produce a non-homogeneous material, for instance water ice or sorbet. This particular example case of water and ice. There is an abundant classical literature on the study of phase transition. The flow is governed by a counterpart of the Darcy law. Since the density 2 of ice is lower than

  19. Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top FiveDepartmentfor EngineeringDepartment ofBoilers CoveredDepartment of

  20. Demonstration Assessment of LED Freezer Case Lighting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1 Prepared1217 Release Notes

  1. APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONERS GAS SPACE HEATERS WATER HEATERS PLUMBING FITTINGS FLUORESCENT LAMP BALLASTS LUMINAIRES GAS COOKING APPLIANCES AND GAS POOL HEATERS SEPTEMBER 1992 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS APPLIANCE) Gas space heaters, excluding the following types: (1) gravity type central furnaces; (2) heaters

  2. HollowSpace stove,fridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    Cell ice, John VaultRoom rod Vault SideCorr SafeRoom (to EastCell) safe BlueGrotto DevilTask Devil Cavern

  3. Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany:Information IDSDloomis's picture Submitted

  4. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    current residential refrigerators and freezers rulemaking,Refrigerator/Freezers. .Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer, and Freezers Rulemaking,

  5. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refrigerator-Freezers .Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers NAECA 1987 Freezers2005 Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers 2010,

  6. Electricity savings from residential appliance standards in Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Lebot, B. [Agence Francaise pour la Maitrise de l`Energie, 75 - Paris (France)

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the energy savings that could be obtained in Sweden by instituting specific standards for five appliances: Refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. At the present time, Sweden has no minimum energy efficiency standards for residential appliances. This paper discusses the energy savings that could be obtained by instituting specific standards for five product types (refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, and dryers) starting in 1995. A methodology similar to that used in analyses for the European Community was employed in this study. In the Swedish study, we used appliance test data developed by the Swedish consumer agency, Konsument Verket, to estimate new unit energy consumption for each product type. Shipments, saturations, energy use, and demographic data were input to a spreadsheet model that sums energy consumption for each product type over the period 1990--2010. Both a base case and a standards case scenario are simulated for each of the five appliance types. It was found that electricity use for these five products can be reduced by 12% over the time period from 1990--2010. Most of the energy savings come from instituting efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers. For each product class type, the impact on manufacturer offerings is discussed. For example, for simple refrigerators, eleven 1990 models meet the 1995 standard and six models meet the 2000 standard out of a total of 63 models.

  7. International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy labeling for refrigerators and freezers and nationalhousehold electric refrigerators, freezers and combinationfor Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers. ”

  8. Residential appliances technology atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Residential appliance technology and efficiency opportunities for refrigerators and freezers, cooking appliances, clothes washers and dryers, dishwashers, and some often-ignored household devices such as spas, pool pumps, waterbed heaters, televisions, and home computers are thoroughly covered in this Atlas. The US appliance market, fuel shares, efficiency standards, labeling, and advances in home automation, design for recycling, and CFC issues are also discussed. The resource section contains lists of appliance manufacturers and distributors, and trade, professional, and governmental organizations, a summary of key resources for further information, and an index.

  9. Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fans Lighting Refrigerators and Freezers Space Heating Our2011b. Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Final2011c. Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Final

  10. Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers NAECA 1987 Freezers2005 Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers 2010,in this case refrigerator-freezers. The average new

  11. Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers PreliminaryRefrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers Pre-NOPRlighting, television, refrigerator-freezers, central air

  12. Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojda, Nicholas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Taken together, refrigerators and freezers account for 8.9%Freezers   Refrigerator and Freezer Cases  without Doors Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Rulemaking

  13. System for maintaining materials at freezer temperatures for shipping

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schabron, John F. (Laramie, WY); Sorini-Wong, Susan S. (Laramie, WY)

    2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    At least one embodiment of the inventive technology relates to a frozen environmental sample temperature control system that comprises a frozen formulation having water in an amount from substantially 87% to 78% by weight of the formulation, and salt in an amount from substantially 13% to 22% by weight of the formulation, the system further including at least one container containing the frozen formulation; and a cooler having insulating material disposed between an outer wall and an inner surface that defines an inner chamber into which the at least one container and the at least one frozen environmental sample may be placed for storage and/or transport. Various embodiments may incorporate specific types of insulating material and/or adaptations to an inner surface of the cooler to enhance the insulation effected thereby.

  14. Simulating effects of multispeed compressors on refrigerator/freezer performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodall, R.J. [International Paper Technology, Mobile, AL (United States); Bullard, C.W. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulation analyses suggest that a multispeed compressor could increase steady-state operating efficiency by 4% to 14%. An additional 0.5% to 4% energy savings might be obtained from the reduction in the cycling frequency of the refrigerator. Several aspects of the robustness of the capillary tube-suction line heat exchanger design for the two-speed compressor system were also examined with the simulation model. It was shown that a system optimized for low-speed operation, when operating at the high speed, could have as much capacity as the original base case high-speed system. A relatively simple control strategy was proposed, one that requires measurement of on-cycle time and one or two compartment air temperatures. The effects of varying the speed of the evaporator or condenser fans at both compressor speeds were examined over a range of ambient temperatures. One energy-saving scenario was identified: decreasing the condenser fan speed for refrigerators operating at low ambient temperatures. By affecting the distribution of refrigerant change throughout the system, the decrease in condenser fan speed reduces the superheat in the evaporator and increases the overall UA of the evaporator. The resulting increase in evaporator capacity more than offsets the decrease in condenser UA and the energy use of the refrigerator is decreased.

  15. DOE Resolves Avanti Refrigerator and Freezer Civil Penalty Case |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary

  16. 6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South Valley ResponsibleSubmissionof Energy 5of Energy 6 Energy Saving

  17. Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE...

  18. Ex Parte Communication_Kitable Refrigerator/Freezer Guidance | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power SystemsResources DOEElectricalonJusticeEnergy Efficiency Program forParteSeptemberof

  19. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealing With the Issues of NuclearHighStatement| Department

  20. Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalancedDepartment ofColumbusReport #Study | DepartmentEvaluations |

  1. Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top FiveDepartmentfor EngineeringDepartment ofBoilersDataHotof

  2. Development and Testing of the Berkeley Darfur Stove

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amrose, Susan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3 Energy and Resources Group, and Mechanical Engineering,Mechanical Engineering) and Charles Kirubi (masters student in the Energy

  3. Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (SmartHomeFremont,using Renewable

  4. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla Christine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steamthermostats 3 Refrigerators and freezers Residential clothescabinets, commercial refrigerators and freezers, commercial

  5. Assessment of the Impacts of Standards and Labeling Programs in Mexico (four products).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Itha; Pulido, Henry; McNeil, Michael A.; Turiel, Isaac; della Cava, Mirka

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Household Refrigerators and Freezers Energy Efficiency offor Household Refrigerators and Freezers Official Mexicanof Household Refrigerators and Freezers). Name Publication

  6. Using National Survey Data to Estimate Lifetimes of Residential Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, James D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conditioners (RACs), refrigerators, and freezers. GENERALsection). Refrigerators and Freezers Refrigerators followDifference* this Study Freezer Refrigerator Water Heater,

  7. DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, MIchael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Programs Equipment Refrigerators and Freezers Mains Pressureclothes washers, refrigerators and freezers, fluorescentYear Updated Refrigerators Freezers Kimchi Refrigerators Air

  8. Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homan, GregoryK

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steamProfessional Displays Refrigerators and freezers ResidentialCommercial Refrigerators and Freezers • Computers •

  9. Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

  10. Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Appliance Refrigerators and Freezers Room Air ConditionersPCU3352283352285 a The refrigerator and freezer price trendRefrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers (Final

  11. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers,and Updates RESIDENTIAL Refrigerators Freezers Central Aira given year for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers,

  12. Space Heaters, Computers, Cell Phone Chargers: How Plugged In Are Commercial Buildings?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie; Brown, Richard; Busch, John; Pinckard, Margaret; Roberson, Judy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers & Freezers. DOE/EE-refrigerator, commercial speakers switch, ethernet freezer,refrigerator, microscope, autoclave, shaker/stirrer, lab freezer,

  13. Status of European appliance standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turiel, I. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Lebot, B. (Agence de L'Environnement et de la Maitrise de L'Energie, Valbonne (France))

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European Community (EC) recently commissioned a study of the impact of potential appliance standards on electricity consumption in the twelve EC nations. This study looks at refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The impact of minimum efficiency standards on electricity use over the time period from 1995--2010 is estimated. The results of this study were presented to the EC in September of 1991. Revisions were made to the draft report and final copies sent to all interested parties. The member nations of the EC will soon consider whether they wish to implement uniform energy efficiency standards that would take effect in 1995. The results of the study described above will be presented and the political considerations will be discussed. In addition, data describing the appliance market in Europe will be presented.

  14. Evaluation of Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of 54 product models of refrigerators, freezers and room airfor household refrigerators/ freezers and room air

  15. Environmental Stewardship: How Semiconductor Suppliers Help to Meet Energy-Efficiency Regulations and Voluntary Specifications in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizhen, Li; Fanara, Andrew; Fridley, David; Merriman, Louise; Ju, Jeff

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Standards Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room airLabeling Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room air

  16. Savings estimates for the United States Environmental Protection Agency?s ENERGY STAR voluntary product labeling program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla Christine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    freezers commercial steam cookers dehumidifiers digital TVand freezers Commercial steam cookers Computers Copiers

  17. TheUMASSIntelligentHomeProject* Victor Lesser,Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    includes agentslike an intelligent WaterHeater,Cof- feeMaker,Heater,A/C, Dishwasher.etc.,anda robot water is scarce,the Dishwasher agentmayelectto run acold

  18. BRDG2 Freezer Monitoring Protocol Our Vector Account Number is 4890308

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    entrance corridor & Sibille Lab Remote Alarm Vector Security will call 1.)Lab Phone 2.)PI Office Phone 3 is cooling down to the appropriate temperature. If the temperature failed to reach -70 before the end the number for BRDG2 Security into your cell phone. 4. Work with the security guard to determine the warming/cooling

  19. Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    all units in our da- taset. (AHAM) (see Appendix 7-B in DOEownership provided by AHAM (2010, personal communication).in ownership provided by AHAM to weight the RECS ownership

  20. Experimental results of a household automatic icemaker in a refrigerator/freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haider, I.; Feng, H.; Radermacher, R. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Center for Environmental Energy Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the performance test results of an automatic icemaker refrigerator under various modes of icemaker operation. The tests were conducted on a 20-ft{sup 3} (0.566-m{sup 3}) household refrigerator that had a single forced convection evaporator and was charged with R-12. The focus of the research was to ascertain the effect of icemaker operation on the refrigerator`s daily energy consumption. Thus, three different types of tests were conducted, depending upon the icemaker`s operating mode. In the first test type, the baseline, the automatic icemaker was turned off and no ice was made. In the second test type, the ice-making mode (test A), the icemaker was turned on and ice was continuously made. Compared to the baseline, additional power was intermittently consumed by a mold heater that melts the ice cubes` interface with the tray, a solenoid valve that supplies water to the icemaker tray, and a motor that rotates the ejector blades to press the crescent-shaped ice cubes out of the mold and unload them into an ice bin. In the third test type, the failure mode (test B), the water supply was manually disconnected but the icemaker was left turned on. Even though no ice was made, additional power was still consumed by the mold heater, the solenoid valve, and the motorized ejector. In tests A and B, the energy consumed by the icemaker`s components increases the cooling load, which raises the compressor power consumption. The present study shows that at the AHAM-specified test conditions, uninterrupted icemaking increased the daily energy consumption by 22.5% to 27.2%.

  1. Refrigerator: Refrigerators and freezers are not typically constructed to assure that there is no

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Robert E.

    door switch or the thermostatic control can ignite a violent explosion. To prevent explosions from to prevent sparking. For the safety of all laboratory personnel, the EHS Office suggests that flammable toxicity. 14 to 40 nm titanium dioxide produced lung cancer in rats at doses of 10 mg/m3; micron sized dust

  2. Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), U.S. Energyod for estimating field energy consumption of US residentialconsumption survey—detailed tables. Residential Energy Con- sumption Survey (RECS), U.S.

  3. VEA-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of EnergyProgram2-26TheUtility-Scale WindDepartmentApple Mac OS2ofDepartment

  4. VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of EnergyProgram2-26TheUtility-Scale WindDepartmentAppleMotion for Evidentiary

  5. DOE Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof EnergyAlliance | DepartmentWaiversEnergyEnergy U.S.

  6. Field Demonstration of High-Efficiency Ultra-Low-Temperature Laboratory Freezers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecordFederal Registry Comments May 4-9,

  7. Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May 2, 2011) |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalancedDepartment ofColumbusReport #Study | DepartmentEvaluations

  8. Fireplaces and Woodburning Stoves...May Raise Energy Costs | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power SystemsResourcesFLASH2011-11-OPAMFY 2007 TotalFinalJobs Find Jobs Clean

  9. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Heat Pumps Room Air Conditioners Water Heaters Gas Furnaces Clothes Washers Clothes Dryers Dishwashers COMMERCIAL

  10. EA-0386: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Standards for Consumer Products: Dishwashers, Clothes Washers, and Clothes Dryers

  11. Assistive Human-Machine Interfaces for Smart Homes Armando Roy Delgado, Alexia Robinet, John McGinn, Vic Grout and Rich Picking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grout, Vic

    the control of household appliances (such as refrigerators, washing machines, dishwashers, cookers, etc

  12. Check-Testing of Manufacturer Self Reported Labeling Data & Compliance with MEPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Table B- 1 Refrigerator and Freezer Effective capacity ?L?energy label Refrigerators and Freezers No. Product featurecon- ditioners, refrigerators and freezers, greatly improved

  13. Calendar Year 2009 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homan, Gregory K

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steamProfessional Displays Refrigerators and freezers ResidentialCommercial Refrigerators and Freezers • Compact Florescent

  14. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solid door refrigerator and freezer Commercial steam cooker4, 5 New home Refrigerator and freezer 6 Residential clothesdoor commercial refrigerators and freezers, refrigerated

  15. Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, T.P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    auto-defrost refrigerators and freezers, and solid-state/For example, new refrigerators and freezers have increasedfactors for refrigerators and freezers are based on data for

  16. White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Variable speed AC Gas water heaters Refrigerators Freezer-refrigerators Freezers CC?4500 CC?7100 CC?14000 CC?4500 CC?televisions, refrigerators (with freezer), cellular phones,

  17. Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the size of refrigerators and freezers; for all otherwhile water heating, refrigerator, and freezer end-uses showas projected by REEPS. Refrigerator and freezer percentage

  18. Status of China's Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and International Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    testing in 2006 for refrigerators, freezers and room air-three products (refrigerators, freezers, air-conditionersStandards Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room air

  19. 2007 Status Report: Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) VoluntaryLabeling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Homan, Gregory K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers. Prepared for1996 Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers 2001 OilCommercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers." March 1,

  20. 2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1996 Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers 2001 OilCommercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers. Prepared forfans, and reach-in refrigerators and freezers in 2001 and

  1. Prioritizing Climate Change Mitigation Alternatives: Comparing Transportation Technologies to Options in Other Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heaters Walk-in refrigerators and freezers Single-voltagewashers, commercial refrigerators and freezers, commercialDay Domestic Refrigerator – Freezer. ” ASHRAE Transactions ,

  2. Mitigating Carbon Emissions: the Potential of Improving Efficiency of Household Appliances in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of household refrigerators and freezers 2 . Therefore, thesales of the refrigerators and freezers are about 20.6for household refrigerators and freezers has been updated

  3. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us topumps, furnaces, refrigerators and freezers (US DepartmentPCU333415333415C Refrigerators and freezers Household

  4. Savings estimates for the United States Environmental Protection Agency?s ENERGY STAR voluntary product labeling program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla Christine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cabinets commercial refrigerators and freezers commercialsolid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steam7 New homes Refrigerators and freezers Room air conditioners

  5. Impacts of China's Current Appliance Standards and Labeling Program to 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David; Aden, Nathaniel; Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Standards Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room airLabeling Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room air3-star compartment Refrigerator/Freezer Chest frozen food

  6. International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Awards for Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dehumidifiers, refrigerators and freezers, room airAutomatic Commercial Ice Makers Refrigerators, Freezers,and Refrigerator?Freezers Refrigerated Beverage Vending

  7. Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System - Methodology and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statement Household Refrigerators and Freezers. 2008. EC,technologies (e.g. refrigerators and freezers are groupedresidential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation

  8. Compliance and Verification of Standards and Labelling Programs in China: Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saheb, Yamina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for household refrigerators/ freezers and room airZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditionersZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditioners

  9. California DREAMing: the design of residential demand responsive technology with people in mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peffer, Therese E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    standards on refrigerators and freezers, room and centralexample, while refrigerators and freezers contribute to peakelectric lights refrigerator/freezer plasma screen

  10. Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, J.G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    standards Other Refrigerators and Freezers DWsandCWs: g aioo%- Other | Refrigerators and Freezers Gas and oil watermarket prices for refrigerators and freezers from 1987 to

  11. Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiel, Stephen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    States MEPS Test Procedures Refrigerators and freezersRefrigerators and freezers Split system central AC Centralof test procedures: refrigerators and freezers, room air

  12. U.S. residential consumer product information: Validation of methods for post-stratification weighting of Amazon Mechanical Turk surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    refrigerators and freezers 4.4.3 Average numbers of refrigerators and freezers acrossthe number of refrigerators and freezers in a home along

  13. Compliance and Verification of Standards and Labeling Programs in China: Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saheb, Yamina

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for household refrigerators/ freezers and room airZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditionersZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditioners

  14. U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along withthe number of refrigerators and freezers in a home alongcompression refrigerators and freezers) in U.S. households.

  15. China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    years. About 20% of refrigerators and freezers sold in 2000energy efficiency of refrigerators and freezers, Directiveof Energy, for refrigerators and freezers are base unit

  16. Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STEAM COOKERS REFRIGERATORS and FREEZERS Some importantcapability. Leveling. Refrigerators and freezers should beH Continued Refrigerators and Freezers Every food service

  17. 2005 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers. Prepared forCommercial Refrigerators and Freezers …… Set-topfans, and reach-in refrigerators and freezers in 2001 and

  18. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flues and promotion of semi-gasifier or gaseous stove, couldstoves, such as semi-gasifier stoves or other cleanerbiomass stoves, such as semi-gasifier stoves, or those with

  19. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kWh) (kWh) b b Refrigerator and Freezer (kWh) Source: Unionseveral months for refrigerators and freezers to a maximumPart 2, June, 1980. Refrigerator/freezers Freezers Clothes

  20. Taking out 1 billion tons of CO2: The magic of China's 11th Five-Year Plan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump conditionerSmall cogen Stove District heating Heat pump Centralized AC

  1. Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M. Deogaonkar (2010), Gasifier stoves - science, technologyrange from 40-100 USD. Gasifier stoves are typically 50-100

  2. O R E G O N S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y E x t e n s i o n S e r v i c e FOOD STORAGE FOR EMERGENCIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    outages. Do you have a wood stove, gas or charcoal barbecue, propane camp stoves, or cookers? You can

  3. EA-1138: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EA-1138: Final Environmental Assessment Proposed Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers This Environmental Assessment (EA)...

  4. Developing Efficient Algorithms for Data Mining Large Scale High Dimensional Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakaria, Jesin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a year. Screen Group Oven/Cooker Washing Machine Immersionthe rinse and clean cycles. Oven/Cooker Dishwasher WashingMachine Oven/Cooker Dishwasher Washing Machine Figure 27 :

  5. Up in Smoke: The Influence of Household Behavior on the Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, Rema

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    It is conventional wisdom that it is possible to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution, improve health outcomes, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions in rural areas of developing countries through the adoption of improved ...

  6. Up in Smoke: The Influence of Household Behavior on the Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, Rema

    It is conventional wisdom that it is possible to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution, improve health outcomes, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions in the rural areas of developing countries through the adoption of ...

  7. Patterns of Stove Usage after Introduction of an Advanced Cookstove: The Long-Term Application of Household Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT: Household air pollution generated from solid fuel use for cooking is one of the leading risk% of households rely on solid fuelsincluding wood, dung, grass, coal, and crop residues for cooking.1 The 2010 of Household Sensors Ajay Pillarisetti,*, Mayur Vaswani, Darby Jack,§ Kalpana Balakrishnan, Michael N. Bates

  8. Energy Efficiency Adult Tracking Report - Final

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson-Grant, Amy

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Postwave tracking study for the Energy Efficiency Adult Campaign This study serves as measure of key metrics among the campaign’s target audience, homeowners age 25+. Key measures include: Awareness of messages relating to the broad issue; Recognition of the PSAs; Relevant attitudes, including interest, ease of taking energy efficient steps, and likelihood to act; Relevant knowledge, including knowledge of light bulb alternatives and energy efficient options; and Relevant behaviors, including specific energy-saving behaviors mentioned within the PSAs. Wave 1: May 27 – June 7, 2011 Wave 2: May 29 – June 8, 2012 Wave 3: May 29 – June 19, 2014 General market sample of adults 25+ who own their homes W1 sample: n = 704; W2: n=701; W3: n=806 Online Survey Panel Methodology Study was fielded by Lightspeed Research among their survey panel. Sample is US Census representative of US homeowners by race/ethnicity, income, age, region, and family status. At least 30% of respondents were required to have not updated major appliances in their home in the past 5 years (dishwasher, stove, refrigerator, washer, or dryer).

  9. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    components or devices to replace one larger one Compressors, pumps, blowers, dishwashers, refrigerators, and air conditioning systems Transformers, power

  10. 50-Plus Ways to Be Water Smart 1. If your local water utility offers water-saving incentives or in-home water audits, take advantage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the dishwasher. Scrape dishes off rather than rinsing them off. 18. If you have an evaporative air conditioner

  11. EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers

  12. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    data. Listings for refrigerators and freezers as of May 1,not only do some refrigerator- freezers offer thru-the-door-In the case of refrigerator-freezer labels, for example, the

  13. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Larry

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Certified Refrigerators and Freezers. Business Newst(59) R 2 =.76 Refrigerators Top mounted freezer-AutodefrostRefrigerator consumption is given by adjusted volume/annual consumption, where adjusted volume, is defined as fresh food volume+1.63×freezer

  14. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data. Listings for refrigerators and freezers as of May 1,not only do some refrigerator- freezers offer thru-the-door-In the case of refrigerator-freezer labels, for example, the

  15. Residential Behavioral Savings: An Analysis of Principal Electricity End Uses in British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiedemann, Kenneth Mr.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study found that refrigerator and freezer temperaturekWh per year), and refrigerator and freezer (1,120 kWh perrefrigeration (refrigerators and freezers) included in the

  16. Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojda, Nicholas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical Shipment' Compact Refrigerator, Refrigerator?Freezer Refrigerator?Freezer and Freezers NOPR National Impact Analysis Spreadsheet, USDOE (2010g)  Price Source Location By Category* Shipments Table 8.4.x Lifetime 'Historical 

  17. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airsmall cogen stove district heating heat pump Central AC Roomrespectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while in

  18. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other cleaner burning fuels (biogas or LPG) for cooking andstove with improved stove or biogas can be suggested, if thegaseous-burning-fuel stove (biogas, liquefied petroleum gas,

  19. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    June 2011 - Residential furnaces and residential central air conditioners and heat pumps September 2011 - Residential refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers...

  20. http://www.procurement.vt.edu/HokieMart/hm.html Revised 12.12.13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    ) ­ Include expenses for refrigerators, freezers, fume hoods, biological safety cabinets, radiation survey for refrigerators, freezers, fume hoods, biological safety cabinets, radiation survey instruments costing $2

  1. EA-0372: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the environmental impacts resulting from new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, small gas furnaces, and television sets as...

  2. Fridges to fight childhood disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lerner, T.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar-powered refrigerator/freezer has been installed in a medical center in Bhoorbaral, India. The installation and performance of the refrigerator/freezer are described.

  3. OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C:\\Documents and Settings\\sysdev\\Local Settings\\Temporary Internet Files\\OLK412\\Lab Equipment Release -New Format.doc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    , autoclaves, centrifuges, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, BioSafety cabinets, and analytical equipment, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, etc. #12;OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C

  4. EA-1138: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EA-1138: Finding of No Significant Impact Proposed Energy-Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator - Freezers, and Freezers Finding of No Significant Impact for...

  5. Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, T.P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The historical factors for refrigerators and freezers arehistorical factors are used are gas heating, room and central air- conditioning, electric and gas water-heating, refrigerators, freezers,

  6. Residential applliance data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.

  7. White goods recycling in the United States: Economic and technical issues in recovering, reclaiming, and reusing nonmetallic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karvelas, D.E.; Jody, B.J.; Daniels, E.J.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obsolete white goods (appliances such as refrigerators, freezers, washers, dryers, ranges, dishwashers, water heaters, dehumidifiers, and air conditioners) contain significant quantities of recyclable materials, but because of economic and environmental concerns, only limited quantities of these scrap materials are currently being recycled. Appliances are manufactured from a mix of materials, such as metals, polymers, foam, and fiberglass; metals represent more than 75% of the total weight. Appliance recycling is driven primarily by the value of the steel in the appliances. Over the last 15 years, however, the use of polymers in appliance manufacturing has increased substantially at the expense of metals. The shift in the materials composition of appliances may threaten the economics of the use of obsolete appliances as a source for scrap metals. To increase the recycling of white goods, cost-effective and environmentally acceptable technologies must be developed to separate, recover, reclaim, and reuse polymers from discarded appliances. Argonne National Laboratory is currently conducting research, with industry support, to develop cost-effective processes and methods for recovering and reclaiming acrylonitrile butadiene-styrene and High-density polystyrene from discarded appliances. This collaborative research focuses on developing a combination of mechanical/physical and chemical separation methods for recovering and reusing these high-value plastics. In addition, cost-effective methods for improving the performance characteristics of the recovered plastics are being investigated with the goal of recycling these plastics to their original application. In this paper, we examine the technical and economic issues that affect the recycling of white goods and present results of Argonne`s white goods recycling research and development activities.

  8. Evaluation of advanced technologies for residential appliances and residential and commercial lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turiel, I.; Atkinson, B.; Boghosian, S.; Chan, P.; Jennings, J.; Lutz, J.; McMahon, J.; Rosenquist, G.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 127 of the Energy Policy Act requires that the Department of Energy (DOE) prepare a report to Congress on the potential for the development and commercialization of appliances that substantially exceed the present federal or state efficiency standards. Candidate high-efficiency appliances must meet several criteria including: the potential exists for substantial improvement (beyond the minimum established in law) of the appliance`s energy efficiency; electric, water, or gas utilities are prepared to support and promote the commercialization of such appliances; manufacturers are unlikely to undertake development and commercialization of such appliances on their own, or development and production would be substantially accelerated by support to manufacturers. This report describes options to improve the efficiency of residential appliances, including water heaters, clothes washers and dryers, refrigerator/freezers, dishwashers, space heating and cooling devices, as well as residential and commercial lighting products. Data from this report (particularly Appendix 1)were used to prepare the report to Congress mentioned previously. For the residential sector, national energy savings are calculated using the LBL Residential Energy Model. This model projects the number of households and appliance saturations over time. First, end-use consumption is calculated for a base case where models that only meet the standard replace existing models as these reach the end of their lifetime. Second, models with efficiencies equal to the technology under consideration replace existing models that reach the end of their lifetime. For the commercial sector, the COMMEND model was utilized to project national energy savings from new technologies. In this report, energy savings are shown for the period 1988 to 2015.

  9. Subsidizing Solar: The Case for an Environmental Goods and Services Carve-out from the Global Subsidies Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Zachary Scott

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar collectors and system controllers, wind- turbine parts and components, stoves, grates and cookers,

  10. International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Criteria and Test Procedures in Standards and Labeling Programs for Computer Monitors and Commercial Gas Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanna, Nina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    30 2.6.3. Best Available Technology Analysis and EvaluationZealand Standard: Information technology equipment – EnergyZealand Standard: Information technology equipment – Energy

  11. International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Criteria and Test Procedures in Standards and Labeling Programs for Computer Monitors and Commercial Gas Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanna, Nina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in), on top of a range cooker with an over or as a portablefryers, griddles, and steam cookers but does not cover any

  12. California Appliance Efficiency Regulations for Manufacturers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Externalpowersupplies · Refrigerators,refrigerator-freezers, andfreezers · Televisions,andconsumeraudio and video

  13. Duke University Laboratory Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolpert, Robert L

    prior to transport includes, but is not limited to the following: refrigerators, freezers, centrifuges

  14. Herb Production--Is It for You?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    such as refrigerators, freezers, drying sheds, and dehydrators take money to buy and maintain. Specialty crop

  15. California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Division Regulations for Appliance Efficiency Standards Re 1ating to Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers sold in California: (a) Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, which are directly operated on the appliance. ~ (b) Refrigerators and Freezers (1) "Automatic defrost system" means the defrosting action

  16. California State University, Fullerton University Police Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    caused by the earthquake. Page 9, Navigating Your New Space: Washers, dryers, freezers, refrigerators

  17. RECOMMENDED SHIPBUILDING CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES FOR CRUISE VESSELS DESTINED TO CALL ON U. S. PORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 15.0 Provision Rooms and Walk-In Refrigerators and Freezers

  18. By Robert D. Brown, Jr. Domestic indium production was confined 227, containing 20% indium, 2.8% silver, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    doors on commercial refrigerators and freezers frost free. Infrared reflecting coatings on window glass

  19. Office of Emergency Management UCF Facilities and Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    equipment from outdoor and rooftop locations Clear refrigerators and freezers of items that could spoil

  20. umces-safety@umces.edu Hazard Communication umces-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    umces- safety@umces.edu Hazardous chemicals can be found in laboratory refrigerators, freezers, cabinets

  1. umces-safety@umces.edu Hazard Communication umces-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Communication umces- safety@umces.edu Hazardous chemicals can be found in laboratory refrigerators, freezers

  2. www.residences.qmul.ac.uk ACCOMMODATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    /freezers, cookers, microwave ovens, toasters, washing up facilities, storage cupboards, food preparation surfaces

  3. Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homan, GregoryK

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and freezers Commercial steam cookers Computers CopiersIce Machines • Commercial Steam Cookers • Decorative Light

  4. Calendar Year 2009 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homan, Gregory K

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and freezers Commercial steam cookers Computers CopiersCommercial Steam Cookers • Computers • Dehumidifiers •

  5. The Public Hall of Residence is located in Ferrol town centre, at Magdalena district to be precise. It is easily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    , electric cookers, microwave, fridges and freezer, garden area and newspapers. · 24hour concierge service

  6. EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: EnergyConservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens)

  7. Washington State Energy-Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ENERGY STAR quali-fied clothes washers, refrigerators, dishwashers, ductless air source heat pumps, and water heaters. Between March and November of 2010, more than 41,000...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - approaches retrospective comparison Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    appliance remanufacturing relative to purchasing Summary: . 2. Retrospective life cycle energy comparison of a newly produced dishwasher and a remanufactured... the life cycle...

  9. City of Lompoc Utilities- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Lompoc Utilities offers rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficiency lighting, clothes washers, dishwashers, replaced refrigerators, new...

  10. Shrewsbury Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In collaboration with EFI, Shrewsbury Electric offers rebates on ENERGY STAR appliances. Eligible products include washing machines, dishwashers, refrigerators, and room air conditioners. ...

  11. Longmont Power and Communications- Residential and Commercial Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Longmont Power and Communications offers an incentive for its residential and commercial customers to install energy efficient washing machines and dishwashers. The rebate [http://www.ci.longmont...

  12. University of California Davis West Village: The Largest Planned...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    lighting fluorescent or LED Assume 80% hardwired lighting Lighting controls Vacancy sensors Energy Star Appliances Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Washer Cooktop Oven Standard...

  13. ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation...

  14. Gunnison County Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Gunnison County Electric Association (GCEA), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, has a residential rebate program for eligible Energy Star appliances including clothes washers, dishwashers,...

  15. 2014-10-06 DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Overview...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers 2014-10-06 DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Overview for Refrigerators,...

  16. Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This incentive is available for dishwashers, clothes washers, air conditioners, ceiling fans, compact fluorescent light bulbs, dehumidifiers, programmable thermostats or refrigerators that meet or...

  17. Electrospun Direct-write Multi-functional Nanofibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Jiyoung

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy harvesting scheme utilizes kinetic or vibratory movements for energy scavenge from common household sources such as refrigerator, dishwashing machine, and microwave

  18. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and  dishwasher,  all  fluorescent  bulbs   Changed  about  on.   I  use  more  fluorescent  bulbs  now.   Increased  Furnace   Installed  fluorescent  light  bulbs   Insulate  

  19. Yellowstone Valley Electric Cooperative- Residential/Commercial Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Yellowstone Valley Electric Cooperative offers rebates to residential and commercial members for purchasing energy efficient add-on heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, water heaters, dishwashers...

  20. Electrolux: Order (2012-CE-1901) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    had failed to certify that certain dishwashers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement...

  1. Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative (CNMEC) provides an incentive for its residential members to purchase energy efficient water heaters, clothes washers, dishwashers, refrigerators, and...

  2. International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Awards for Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Washers Residential Dishwashers Tankless Water HeatersStorage Water Heaters Room Air Conditioners Total Totalresidential gas tankless water heaters; residential gas

  3. ASKO Appliances: Order (2012-CE-19/2004) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    civil penalty after finding ASKO had failed to certify that certain models of residential dishwashers and clothes washers comply with the applicable energy and water...

  4. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heat pump technologies where applicable models exist (electric water heaters,Heat Pumps for AC Electric Clothes Dryers Electric Secondary Space Heaters Dishwashers Electric Water Heaters (

  5. Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Equality State can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers, dishwashers, water heaters and gas furnaces ranging from 50 to 250. The program still has 40 percent...

  6. The Intelligent Home Testbed Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Cof- feeMaker, Heater, A/C, DishWasher, etc., and a robot of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to run a cold cycle, trading-off solution quality for resource consumption ­ the agent may also elect to wait until hot water becomes

  7. CLEANING OF VISCOUS DROPS ON A FLAT INCLINED SURFACE USING GRAVITY-DRIVEN FILM FLOWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, Stuart

    then transports it away. To assess the impact of the drop on the velocity of the cleaning fluid, we have developed it is perturbed by a solid obstacle representing a very viscous drop. We find that at intermediate Reynolds number as in our daily life (Yeckel and Middleman, 1987), such as in a household dishwasher. In a full dishwasher

  8. West Virginian No Longer Worried About Family's Safety | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    mountain winters hit for the last 12 years, Michael Shepard and his family had only a wood stove in their house for heat, plus a few kerosene heaters when the stove didn't do the...

  9. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors and Walk...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Motors and Walk-in Coolers and Freezers to Save on Energy Bills and Reduce Carbon Pollution New Energy Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors and Walk-in Coolers and Freezers...

  10. Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Sanyo Electric Co. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  11. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Final Rule 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Final Rule This document is a pre-publication Federal...

  12. Hisense USA: Order (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with Hisense USA Corp. after finding Hisense USA had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  13. Departments of Central Receiving -Surplus Property Equipment Accountability Change Request (EACR) Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and radioactive material. SECTION 4 This EACR contains any of the following: Freezers, Refrigerators, a Freezer, Refrigerator, and Laboratory Equipment Declaration Form will be attached to this EACR. This form

  14. This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    . DOMESTIC REFRIGERATORS/FREEZERS ......... ......... 9 3.1 INTRODUCTION ......................... 9 3 TABLE OF REFRIGERANTS AND CHEMICAL SYMBOLS ............ xi ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, AND INITIALISMS 3.6 COMMENTS AND CAVEATS ................... 14 iii #12;4. HOUSEHOLD FREEZERS

  15. Mackle Company: Order (2010-SE-0106)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Mackle Company, Inc. to pay a $27,200 civil penalty after finding the company had failed to certify that a variety of refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Program Potential: Estimates of Federal Energy Cost Savings from Energy Efficient Procurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Margaret

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Freezers Commercial Steam Cookers b EnergyStar EnergyStarFreezers Com Steam Cookers Water-Cooled Ice Machines Pre-Printer Commercial Steam Cookers Commercial Central Air 

  17. MSSV FAQ 2013-14 Q1 How close is Murano to the University?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    a kitchen with a cooker, fridge/freezer, microwave, toaster and kettle. Each large flat (10/12 persons) has a #12;kitchen with 2 cookers, 2 fridges and freezers, microwave, kettle, toaster. Ironing equipment

  18. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 931954, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/931/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    for the brick and coke industries, as well as for coal- burning stoves and biofuel usage in the residential

  19. Electrical engineering graduate students Dan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    was a proposal to promote the use of oil from Jatropha curcas plants to fuel special cooking stoves in places

  20. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    stove district heating heat pump air conditioner Table 2Heat Pump Percentage (%) Heat Pump Air Conditioner District

  1. Arizona Semantic Test PM Beeson Response Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    iron pot stove thimble 5 football helmet baseball bat tennis racquet bow 6 shoe sock hand glove vest 7

  2. Innovation, renewable energy, and state investment: Case studies of leading clean energy funds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Milford, Lewis; Porter, Kevin; Clark, Roger

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    80% biomass, 19% small hydro, and 1% wind (consistent with1 corn stove, and 4 small hydro systems. These results

  3. Effects of Market Approaches to Green Technologies for the Poor: The Case of Improved Cookstoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booker, Kayje Merrea

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    see solar cookers as superior to improved biomass stovessolar cooker examples we see the first attempts to import stove &

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - armazenadas em diferentes Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DE CINCIAS BIOLGICAS Summary: armazenadas em congelador (CG), freezer (FZ), geladeira (GL), nitrognio lquido (NL) e temperatura ambiente... %......

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - armazenada sob refrigeracao Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sob baixas temperaturas, por... armazenadas em congelador (CG), freezer (FZ), geladeira (GL), nitrognio lquido (NL) e temperatura ambiente... %......

  6. Procedia Computer Science 10 (2012) 561 568 1877-0509 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    several types of equipment and devices in large-scale facilities, such as freezers, chillers, and backup

  7. Lab Safety, Biological Safety and Bloodborne Pathogen Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and on the doors of refrigerators, freezers, microwaves and dewars · You should be wearing the correct Personal

  8. 2012 Directory As of May 25, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    . 8. Do not store any flammable solvents in refrigerators or freezers that have not been either made

  9. Umea University Education Short-Term Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    refrigerators, freezers and kitchen utensils that you can share. The housing with IHO includes: · Private room

  10. Key Facts About Hurricane Readiness Preparing for a Hurricane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for washing. · Adjust the thermostat on refrigerators and freezers to the coolest possible temperature. If You

  11. RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL (REVISED MARCH 2010) 103 USER RADIATION SURVEY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on hand, is the isotope secured? e. Refrigerator and other storage area logs current? f. Refrigerators/freezers

  12. 2327 University Way, Suite 229 Bozeman, MT 59717

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    containers in refrigerators and freezers. 1.12 Lab doors are self-closing and have locks in accordance

  13. November 26, 2012 Procedure for the Disposal of Unwanted Laboratory Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, James

    above, is incomplete and not posted on the equipment Freon from refrigerators and freezers has not been

  14. Peer Review Lab Inspection Form Safety Officer Hosting Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /freezer is used for cold storage of flammable liquids? Yes No N/A 19. Chemical containers are properly labeled

  15. COMBINING DIVERSE DATA SOURCES FOR CEDSS, AN AGENT-BASED MODEL OF DOMESTIC ENERGY DEMAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotts, Nicholas Mark; Polhill, Gary; Craig, Tony; Galan-Diaz, Carlos

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the heating system, a cooker, refrigerator and washinghere are heating systems, cookers, cold appliances (heating systems, cookers, refrigerators, freezers, washing

  16. Online Supplementary Material Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    is the pyrolysis chamber while the inner cylinder is the combustion chamber (Figure S3). Biomass is placedOnline Supplementary Material Biomass availability, energy consumption and biochar production pieces of wood. 1.3 Pyrolysis stove The pyrolysis stove is an anila-type stove developed by U

  17. Measurements of carbon monoxide mixing ratios in Houston using a compact high-power CW DFB-QCL-based QEPAS sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and water heaters, stoves and other gasoline pow- ered equipment used in households. Typically, CO levels of 0.5­5 ppm are expected in homes in the absence of high-efficiency heaters and stoves. In spaces where gas stoves/heaters are operated, the CO concentration can increase up to 30 ppm [6]. In this work

  18. Radioisotope Laboratory Techniques Environmental Health & Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    . Work Areas e. Refrigerators / Freezers f. Waste Areas #12;Lab Safety Checklist 1. Caution Signs a. Doors b. Hoods c. Hardware d. Work Areas e. Refrigerators / Freezers f. Waste Areas #12;Lab Safety Checklist 1. Caution Signs a. Doors b. Hoods c. Hardware d. Work Areas e. Refrigerators / Freezers f. Waste

  19. OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C:\\Documents and Settings\\sysdev\\Local Settings\\Temporary Internet Files\\OLK412\\Equipment Servicing Policy -New Format.doc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    but is not limited to fume hoods, autoclaves, centrifuges, refrigerators, freezers, and incubators (hereafter, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, etc. 4.3 Materials: Hazardous, radiological, or biological materials 4 the equipment. For example materials may remain within a refrigerator or freezer while it is being serviced

  20. Page 1 of 4 Health and Safety Programs Office 080406 DR/Heat Wave Guidelines.doc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, James

    . Protect incubators from overheating and killing cell cultures 4. Protect refrigerators and freezers from maintaining 4 degrees centigrade. o Refrigerators and freezers: after turning off, leave the doors open freezers, a laser, biosafety cabinet, computer and cryogenic probe failed due to high room temperatures. We

  1. Refrigerated Warehouses Introduction Page 8-1 2008 Nonresidential Compliance Manual August 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including both coolers and freezers. Coolers are defined as refrigerated spaces cooled between 32°F (0°C) and 55°F (13°C). Freezers are #12;Page 8-2 Refrigerated Warehouses ­ Introduction 2008 Nonresidential Efficiency Standards do not address walk-in refrigerators and freezers, as these are covered by the Appliance

  2. (Created 1/01; Revised 5/05, 3/08) UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Refrigerators and Freezers ­ Store flammable liquids requiring cooling in tightly closed containers within refrigerators and/or freezers that meet specific design criteria, including no internal ignition sources. Manufacturers of flammable liquid refrigerators/freezers must prominently mark these types of devices

  3. Midea Washing Appliance: Order (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Midea Washing Appliance Mfg. Co., Ltd. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Midea Washing Appliance had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. Ingush Grammar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Johanna

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    window. PL + D.wash. PPL . NZ ) 'fly swatter', lit. 'flyPL + D.destroy-D. CS *. PPL . NZ ) 'dishwasher' (machine) (dish. PL + clean-J. VZ . PPL . NZ ) 'toothpick' (tooth. PL .

  5. Appliance remanufacturing and life cycle energy and economic savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boustani, Avid

    In this paper we evaluate the energy and economic consequences of appliance remanufacturing relative to purchasing new. The appliances presented in this report constitute major residential appliances: refrigerator, dishwasher, ...

  6. Nebraska Appliance Rebate Program opens

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 500 people lined up outside of Omaha's Nebraska Furniture Mart on July 6, waiting to get ENERGY STAR washing machines, dishwashers and refrigerators on the first day of Nebraska's Appliance Rebate Program.

  7. Department of Energy Announces More Stringent Energy Efficient...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on January 1, 2007, and dishwashers that meet the criteria will be eligible for manufacturer tax credits under EPAct 2005. The ENERGY STAR label appears on more than 40 kinds...

  8. Articulated pose estimation via over-parametrization and noise projection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Jonathan David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Outside the factory, robots will often encounter mechanical systems with which they need to interact. The robot may need to open and unload a kitchen dishwasher or move around heavy construction equipment. Many of the ...

  9. Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea Washing Appliances Mfg. Co., Ltd. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable water and energy conservation standards.

  10. ASKO Appliances: Order (2012-CE-19/2004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered ASKO Appliances, Inc. to pay a $36,500 civil penalty after finding ASKO had failed to certify that certain models of residential dishwashers and clothes washers comply with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  11. ASKO Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-19/2004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that ASKO Appliances, Inc. failed to certify residential clothes washers and dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  12. A Virtual Embedded Systems Testbed for Instruction and Design Gerald Baumgartner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Gerald

    , elevators, and dishwashers to power converters, CD-ROM drives, and VCRs to pace makers, wrist watches instruments such as voltmeters and scopes and a Web-based graphical user interface, students can get realistic

  13. Smeg USA: Order (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Smeg USA, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Smeg USA had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers and refrigerators comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smeg USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers and refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  15. Whirlpool: ENERGY STAR Referral (ASD2524VE)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred the matter of Whirlpool's Amana-brand dishwasher model ASD2524VE to the EPA for appropriate action after DOE testing showed that the model does not meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

  16. California DREAMing: the design of residential demand responsive technology with people in mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peffer, Therese E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    household  energy  consumption  Energy consumption  from the top  consuming appliances  Current  price of  electricity electricity Approximate price per load (i.e. , for dishwasher, clothes washer) Total household

  17. IPCC WGIII Assessment Reprot: Chapter 6. Mitigation Options in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urge-Vorsatz, D.; Levine, M. D.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ), Marilyn Brown (USA), Suzanne Joosen (The Netherlands), Phillipe Haves (USA), • Jeff Harris (USA), Mithra Moezzi (USA) • Review Editors: • Eberhard Jochem (Germany), Huaqing Xu (PR China) Presentation outline CO 2 emissions from energy use in buildings... stoves to meet cooking, water & space heating needs – Most stoves are of inefficient and highly polluting designs – In the long term, stoves that use biogas or biomass-derived liquid fuels offer the greatest potential Sources: Krapmeier and Drössler...

  18. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and inefficient propane stoves, refrigerators, lights, and heaters. Two efficient 12 KW diesel powered generators for batter charging, emergency use, and limited power backup...

  19. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water heating Technologies Electric heater Gas boilerCoal Boiler Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pumpElectric water heater Gas boiler Coal Boiler Small cogen Oil

  20. Early Environmental Exposures and Intracellular Th1/Th2 Cytokine Profiles in 24MonthOld Children Living in an Agricultural Area.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RJ. 1994. Effect of nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide onand indoor exposure to nitrogen dioxide and gas stoves. Am Jin response to nitrogen dioxide in allergic airways dis-

  1. IMPACT OF REDUCED INFILTRATION AND VENTILATION ON INDOOR AIR QUALITY IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollowell, Craig D.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Critical Analysis of Nitrogen Dioxide Air Quality Standards.contaminants-. ;--- ---- nitrogen dioxide from gas stoves,buildings: nitrogen dioxide (N02), formaldehyde (HCHO), and

  2. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and economic benefits of energy efficiency. Task 2 is to replace inefficient heating systems in three of the buildings with higher efficiency furnaces and stoves (replace 21...

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - australasian imagination edited Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 164 INDUCTIVE LOGIC "Corroboration versus Induction," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science Summary: : D. C. Stove,review of Popper's, Logic of Scientij5c Discovery,...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - alkane lubrication films Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the oil aerosol... experiments considered emissions from a diesel engine, wood stove, and flash-vaporized lubricating oil... operating at low load (25%) on fuel purchased from a...

  5. The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal Heat Pump Room AC Heat Pump Stove Electric Heater Small Cogen Gas Boiler Boiler District Heating Fig.4 Space Cooling

  6. Engineering for the Global Poor: The Role of Intellectual Property

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booker, Kayje M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and development agreement (CRADA), a boilerplate contractas liability. One piece of the CRADA between LBL and Worldof the Berkeley-Darfur Stove. The CRADA licensing agreement

  7. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airrespectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while inaddition to the existing district heating system in northern

  8. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pump Central AC Roomin heat delivery (district heating), heat management (poorInstalled Capacity) District Heating Boiler Gas Boiler Small

  9. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    respectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while ingas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airsupplied through district heating system that does not have

  10. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Warner, Sven. 2007. "District Heating Possibilities withinWarner, Sven. 2007. "District Heating Possibilities withingas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump air

  11. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL GAS USE AND CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    people sharing a gas water heater or stove. All of thesefuel are inefficient as water heaters during summer monthsbetween central water heaters, the kind most common in North

  12. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heating Efficiency Efficiency Boiler Small Cogen ElectricHeating Technologies and Efficiency District Heating BoilerBoiler Small Cogen Electric Heater Stove Heat Pump Efficiency

  13. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficiency) Scenario: Ref Region: All Regions Boiler GasEfficiencies End Use Technology District Heating Boiler GasCogen Boiler Stove Heat Pump Figure 48 Example of Efficiency

  14. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal Heat Pump Central AC by NG electric water heaterwater heating Technologies Electric heater gas boiler boiler small cogen stove district heating heat pump

  15. Nomadic and domestic: dwelling on the edge of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Joel Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    what allows the house to store both passive solar energy andhouse, 129   Figure 23: Integrating the stove and pishin wall, 133   Figure 24: Glazing permits passive

  16. Creating and Implementing a Regularized Monitoring and Enforcement System for China's Mandatory Standards and Energy Information Label for Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumption for automatic rice cookers The limited value andoven Clothes washers Rice cookers Electro-magnetic stovesRefrigerators Rice cookers Electric thermos Household

  17. Golden Opportunity: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1418)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and Golden Opportunity, Inc. entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  18. Using Backup Generators: Choosing the Right Backup Generator...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    your business operating? These may include heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems; industrial equipment and major appliances, such as refrigerators and freezers;...

  19. Microsoft Word - DMSA C-310-04, SWMU-233 Assessment Report 102909...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the DMSA. Examples of LLW formerly stored included a freezer sublimer Freon condenser (unused), process pipeprocess pipe with expansion joints or a spool piece,...

  20. 2014-05-05 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Final Rule 2014-05-05 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination...

  1. 2014-02-07 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-02-07 Issuance:...

  2. DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that...

  3. 2014-06-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration 2014-06-23 Issuance:...

  4. Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KEMCO, 2012c. Korea's Energy Standards and Labeling: MarketBaseline Unit Energy Consumption Adjustment Market Sharesof Conserved Energy Table for Freezers Market Share Lifetime

  5. Duquesne Light Company- Residential Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Duquesne Light provides rebates to its residential customers for purchasing and installing energy-saving equipment. Eligible equipment includes dehumidifiers, freezers, refrigerators, air...

  6. Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Danby Products, Inc. failed to certify refrigerators and freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  7. Haier: Compromise Agreement (2011-SE-1408)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and Haier America Trading, L.L.C., entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  8. CX-005241: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Native Village of Brevig Mission of Alaska proposes to replace old, inefficient refrigerators and freezers with new, energy efficient ones in village residential homes....

  9. Molecular Biology Building North Lobby Entrance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Facilities MBB 1.420 and 1.426 Cryostat North Refrigerators/Freezers Sample Drop off Light Scopes(1) Night

  10. ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    method, one that uses permanent mag- nets and specialized alloys. The result would be refrigerators, air conditioners and giant warehouse freezers that are greener, quieter and...

  11. Environmental Health and Safety Environmental Health Laboratory Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Category Item Comments (description, location, etc.) Lab refrigerators/freezers/microwaves labeled: "No Food" "No Flammables" (unless a flammable rated refrigerator is present) Restricted areas

  12. U.S. Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act categorica...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Native Village of Brevig Mission of Alaska proposes to replace old, inefficient refrigerators and freezers with new, energy efficient ones in village residential homes....

  13. Residential Energy Star Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Trust of Oregon offers rebates for Energy Star refrigerators, freezers and clothes washers to Oregon residential electric service customers of Portland General Electric (PGE) and Pacific...

  14. LABORATORY CLOSEOUT CHECKLIST Northwestern University Vice President for Research Office for Research Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Clean and decontaminate refrigerators/freezers Transfer responsibility to: P:\\LSS Resources. Be sure to check all drawers, cabinets, cupboards, refrigerators, etc. Gas Cylinders Identify contents

  15. Trinity College Dublin Guidance on furniture and equipment on fire escape routes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    include: Photocopiers, Printers, Computers, Televisions Drinks and Snack Machines Freezers and Refrigerators Examples of equipment that is not included in this list include: Telephones, Battery (dry cell

  16. DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Final Rule 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May 2, 2011)...

  17. Chemical Hygiene Plan UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Peter

    .9.4 Refrigerators and Freezers 9.9.5 Portable Heaters 9.9.6 Static Electricity 9.9.7 Fuse and Overload Protection 9

  18. Felix Storch: Data Request/Warning (2010-SCE-0111)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE requested test data from Felix Storch for several models of refrigerators and freezers and issued a warning of inconsistent information provided in Felix Storch's certification reports.

  19. East Central Energy- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    East Central Energy (ECE) provides rebates for residential customers to purchase energy efficient equipment. Rebates are offered for recycled refrigerators/freezers, central air conditioning units,...

  20. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Replacement: 20 Freezer: 25 Room Air Conditioner: 25 Water Heater: 50 Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters: 100 Circulating Fans: 25 - 75 Milkers and Heat Reclaimers: 5...

  1. Clark Public Utilities- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clark Public Utilities offers several energy incentives for residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of their homes. Rebates are offered for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers,...

  2. U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Correction for Rulemaking Regarding the Energy Conservation Standards for Walk in Coolers and Freezers (1904- AB86) EERE- Buildings Technology Program Nationwide On June 3, 2014...

  3. Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I [] c== l-~~-~ Energy Conservation Checklist and BuildingFREEZERS Some important energy conservation principles thatEnergy Management and Energy Conservation Practices for the

  4. Danby Products: Order (2012-CE-1415) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    that certain models of refrigerators and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement...

  5. Orange and Rockland Utilities (Electric)- Residential Appliance Recycling Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Orange and Rockland Utilities provides rebates for residential customers for recycling older, inefficient refrigerators and freezers. All appliances must meet the program requirements listed on the...

  6. Pax Global: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1413)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and Pax Global, Inc., entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  7. ENERGY ANALYSIS PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Freezers Clothes dryers Water heaters Electric Gas Room airRefrigerators and Water Heaters, May 1977; and S. Talbert,Gas-Fired Furnaces and Water Heaters," ASHRAE Transactions,

  8. Orange and Rockland Utilities (Electric)- Residential Efficiency Program (New York)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Orange and Rockland Utilities provides rebates for residential customers for recycling older, inefficient refrigerators and freezers. All appliances must meet the program requirements listed on the...

  9. DOE 10 CFR Part 429, Docket Number: EERE-2010-BT-CE-0014, RIN...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    water heating equipment; walk-in coolers; walk-in freezers; and automatic commercial ice makers. DOE may extend compliance date for other commercial equipment based on...

  10. McMinnville Water and Light- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    McMinnville Water and Light (MWL) offers rebates on energy efficient homes, appliances and equipment to their residential customers. Rebates are valid on refrigerators, freezers, clothes washer,...

  11. Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OVENS FRYERS STEAM COOKERS REFRIGERATORS and FREEZERS Somegas and cut costs. Steam cookers, steam kettles and tiltinggriddles, ranges, steam cookers, and warmers. Equipment may

  12. Use of Residential Smart Appliances for Peak-Load Shifting and Spinning Reserves Cost/Benefit Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Robert G.; Srivastava, Viraj; Li, Shun

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we present the results of an analytical cost/benefit study of residential smart appliances from a utility/grid perspective in support of a joint stakeholder petition to the ENERGY STAR program within the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Energy (DOE). The goal of the petition is in part to provide appliance manufacturers incentives to hasten the production of smart appliances. The underlying hypothesis is that smart appliances can play a critical role in addressing some of the societal challenges, such as anthropogenic global warming, associated with increased electricity demand, and facilitate increased penetration of renewable sources of power. The appliances we consider include refrigerator/freezers, clothes washers, clothes dryers, room air-conditioners, and dishwashers. The petition requests the recognition that providing an appliance with smart grid capability, i.e., products that meet the definition of a smart appliance, is at least equivalent to a corresponding five percent in operational machine efficiencies. It is then expected that given sufficient incentives and value propositions, and suitable automation capabilities built into smart appliances, residential consumers will be adopting these smart appliances and will be willing participants in addressing the aforementioned societal challenges by more effectively managing their home electricity consumption. The analytical model we utilize in our cost/benefit analysis consists of a set of user-definable assumptions such as the definition of on-peak (hours of day, days of week, months of year), the expected percentage of normal consumer electricity consumption (also referred to as appliance loads) that can shifted from peak hours to off-peak hours, the average power rating of each appliance, etc. Based on these assumptions, we then formulate what the wholesale grid operating-cost savings, or benefits, would be if the smart capabilities of appliances were invoked, and some percentage of appliance loads were shifted away from peak hours to run during off-peak hours, and appliance loads served power-system balancing needs such as spinning reserves that would otherwise have to be provided by generators. The rationale is that appliance loads can be curtailed for about ten minutes or less in response to a grid contingency without any diminution in the quality of service to the consumer. We then estimate the wholesale grid operating-cost savings based on historical wholesale-market clearing prices (location marginal and spinning reserve) from major wholesale power markets in the United States. The savings derived from the smart grid capabilities of an appliance are then compared to the savings derived from a five percent increase in traditional operational machine efficiencies, referred to as cost in this report, to determine whether the savings in grid operating costs (benefits) are at least as high as or higher than the operational machine efficiency credit (cost).

  13. REMINISCENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    of New Mexico A and M and that during much of this period would be housed in barracks moved to the campus used when the department became a college in 1964. The barracks was equipped with ancient coal stoves the stoves with coal dust between classes. The wind which entered the building through cracks in the floor

  14. Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2010 Indoor air pollution accounts for over 1.5 million deaths a year. In developing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    , and material. Initial concepts ranged from solar power to community bio mass fuel tanks. The stove design the current stove used in the target region. This trip helped the team choose the fuel, fuel delivery, cost. The team recommends further research into alternate fuels and delivery methods. #12;

  15. Office for Off Campus Living Program Housing Safety Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    : stable with handrail Porch: railing is over 3 ft. from ground No lead paint if children under the age, electricity, and gas must be on at all times except during actual repair Transportation Driveway, off street included? Stove & oven clean and in good repair? Turn on stove ­ do all burners work? Garbage disposal run

  16. Efficient Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    Efficient Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the world cook their meals Vision to adapt the stove for use in Ethiopia, which has experienced severe deforestation. About 80 not only to create a more ef cient stove speci c for use in Ethiopia, but to nance the project by selling

  17. N R V M A G A Z I N E September/October 20121 0 t's tailgate time in Blacksburg a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chang

    heater. The toilet and the cold water are still operational, but the propane tank has been removed, so-fridge and stove; a dining area with fold-out table and overhead storage units; a rear sleeping area where two came a propane tank to provide fuel for the stove and a small hot water heat- er and a battery

  18. 348 P U R S U I T A N D P R O M O T I O N O F S C I E N C E ndia is endowed with abundant sunlight,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, N.

    energy technologies which include improved cooking stoves, biogas plants, biomass gasifiers, solar systems/devices such as biogas plants, improved wood stoves, wind pumps, biomass gasifiers, solar cookers.2 million family size biogas plants, 3400 community/institutional biogas plants, 33.4 million improved cook

  19. Taking out 1 billion tons of CO2: The magic of China's 11th Five-Year Plan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat Pump Centralized AC by NG Electric water heater Gasheater gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump conditioner Air conditioning Lighting Cooking and waterWater heating Technologies Electric heater Gas boiler Boiler Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pump

  20. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti Part 1: Results from the Water Boiling Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booker, Kayje; Han, Tae Won; Granderson, Jessica; Jones, Jennifer; Lsk, Kathleen; Yang, Nina; Gadgil, Ashok

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2010, a team of scientists and engineers from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) and UC Berkeley, with support from the Darfur Stoves Project (DSP), undertook a fact-finding mission to Haiti in order to assess needs and opportunities for cookstove intervention. Based on data collected from informal interviews with Haitians and NGOs, the team, Scott Sadlon, Robert Cheng, and Kayje Booker, identified and recommended stove testing and comparison as a high priority need that could be filled by LBNL. In response to that recommendation, five charcoal stoves were tested at the LBNL stove testing facility using a modified form of version 3 of the Shell Foundation Household Energy Project Water Boiling Test (WBT). The original protocol is available online. Stoves were tested for time to boil, thermal efficiency, specific fuel consumption, and emissions of CO, CO{sub 2}, and the ratio of CO/CO{sub 2}. In addition, Haitian user feedback and field observations over a subset of the stoves were combined with the experiences of the laboratory testing technicians to evaluate the usability of the stoves and their appropriateness for Haitian cooking. The laboratory results from emissions and efficiency testing and conclusions regarding usability of the stoves are presented in this report.

  1. Research and development of energy-efficient appliance motor-compressors. Final report. Volume 1: executive summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, R.T.; MacCarthy, P.W.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accomplishments of the refrigerator/freezer motor-compressor development program are highlighted. The experimental program involved making numerous incremental changes to an existing compresssor design. The refrigerator/freezer motor compressor experimental development, room air conditioner experimental development, market study, and phase II field demonstration program are summarized. (MHR)

  2. DEPT HEAD CHECKLIST Updated Aug 2011 Page 1 DEPARTMENT HEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X. Rong

    . G Unplug computers, printers, and all other electrical equipment (except freezers and refrigerators in the dumpster outside of the building and not in your office trashcan. I Turn down refrigerators and freezers). H Empty all refrigerators of food and other items that will spoil. Please dispose of these materials

  3. LAB INSPECTION CHECK LIST Building: Room: Inspection Date: Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Rodney

    Notes 4. Are biohazard warnings on freezers, refrigerators and storage units where biological materials are present? OSHA Biohazard warning labels must be posted on all refrigerators, freezers, and storage units. Is "No Food" sign posted on lab microwaves; "No food and No Flammables" sign posted on lab refrigerators

  4. LAB EQUIPMENT SERVICE POLICY This policy has not yet been vetted or formatted as part of the policy review project, however, all

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    but not limited to fume hoods, autoclaves, centrifuges, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, etc. Materials, or stored. This may include but is not limited to fume hoods, autoclaves, centrifuges, refrigerators, freezers, and incubators (hereafter "equipment'). This procedure applies to equipment located within both

  5. Supplement to: March 1982 consumer products efficiency standards, engineering analysis and economic analysis documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following product types are discussed: refrigerators and refrigerator freezers, freezers, furnaces and boilers, and central air conditioners. Some topics included are: hybrid evaporators, cost efficiency relationships, high-efficiency compressor substitution, pulsed combustion, all aluminium heat exchanger, and high-efficiency two-speed compressor.

  6. FOOD SAFETY INFOSHEET: BE READY FOR STORMS If the power goes out what

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Protect your food by being prepared FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT RENEE BOYER AT RRBOYER@VT.EDU Virginia in your freezer with ice to help frozen food last longer when the power goes out. Be prepared for when the power goes out · Place a thermometer in your fridge and freezer. · Have a tip-sensitive digital

  7. Common Lab Equipment (Grouped by Room) 9-30-09 Instrument Company Model Room

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    freezer (2) SoLow U85-22 201 Ultralow freezer Revco Ultima II 201 Water purifier Barnstead B-Pure 201 Water purifier,ultrapure Barnstead Nanopure 201 Vacuum pump Welch 202501 201 Fume Hood Fisher Safe 35 217 Vacuum pump Welch 202501 217 Water purifier Barnstead B-Pure D5424 217 Water purifier

  8. Note: PMS 2725C Extension Bulletin E3179 June 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the plants' growing needs. How to serve · Always wash fresh produce thoroughly under running water before in ice water and drained thoroughly. Put them in packages, label and freeze. Tender herbs such as basil into freezer bags or into ice cube trays. Transfer frozen cubes to freezer storage bags or containers. Add

  9. Michael Cooney, a researcher with the UH Manoa Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, in his lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King Founder & Owner Pacific Biodiesel Technologies, LLC. 808.877.3144 info@biodiesel.com Renewable at Manoa are working with Maui based company Pacific Biodiesel to develop a way to make water from Biodiesel Technologies, LLC. Wastewater from dishwashing and cleaning kitchens would clog sewer lines

  10. ENERGY EFFICIENCY RESEARCH POWERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ENERGY EFFICIENCY RESEARCH POWERS THE FUTUREPIER CONTRIBUTES TO JOB GROWTH AND PRIVATE INVESTMENT.Partofthecreditforthese achievementsgoestoCalifornia'suniquePublicInterest EnergyResearch(PIER)Program. Overthepast40years,Californiansincreasedthesizeof their homes and added scores of new energy-using de- vices,fromlargerefrigerators,dishwashers,audioequip- ment

  11. Plastics Avoiding Bisphenol-A (BPA) Why is there concern? Researchers are concerned that even at low levels, environmental estrogens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    is produced each year. About 60% is used in hard plastics (sports and baby bottles, sports equipment, auto plastic has been used to make plastic sports bottles and baby bottles · To find PC plastic, look in the dishwasher. DO hand wash PC bottles in mild detergent. · DO NOT use PC plastic bottles that are worn

  12. University Housing & Dining Services Guide to Living Off-Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    will manage: · Transportation · Meals · Grocery Shopping · Bills and Budget Management 2. Corvallis has Natural Gas at 541-926-9243, Consumers Power at 541-929-3124. Unit AgeUnit AgeUnit AgeUnit Age NewerAdded featuresAdded features Do you require features like a dishwasher, disposal, deck, patio, or in unit laundry

  13. Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water. Run your washing machine and dishwasher only instead and save gallons every time. For cold drinks keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead

  14. 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 2908-9018 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    dishwashers have such built-in booster heaters, which can raise the temperature of the water used in the machine to 140º F--or higher--for effective cleaning. This means you can lower your household water heater with washing dishes by hand, you can save 5,000 gallons of water, $40 in utility costs, and 230 hours of your

  15. A MultiAgent System for Intelligent Environment Control \\Lambda Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoqin

    .S. Government. #12; Figure 1: IHome Agents in Action 2 #12; includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, CoffeeMaker, Heater, A/C, DishWasher, etc., and a robot for fetching items and moving physical goods from actions based on the occupant's preferences and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water

  16. A Multi-Agent System for Intelligent Environment Control Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    : IHome Agents in Action 2 #12;includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Co eeMaker, Heater, A's preferences and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to wait until hot water becomes available. Agents coordinate over shared resources like noise

  17. The Intelligent Home Testbed \\Lambda Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    . The IHome pop­ ulation set includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Cof­ feeMaker, Heater, A/C, Dish and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to run a cold hot water becomes available. Agents coordinate over shared resources like noise, electricity

  18. K. Lyons, J. Hightower, and E.M. Huang (Eds.): Pervasive 2011, LNCS 6696, pp. 5069, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fogarty, James A.

    a water heater drain valve). The pressure transients are also highlighted and colored according to fixture. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 A Longitudinal Study of Pressure Sensing to Infer Real-World Water real-world water usage events in the home (e.g., dishwasher, upstairs bathroom sink, downstairs toilet

  19. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , dishwashing machine and water heater. Stop operating until power is restored. Write down the time of onset Lesson 3 Fire 4 Lesson 4 Water service disruption or contamination 5 Lesson 5 Biological tampering into refrigerated food storage (it will raise the temperature). 8 Discard food that is unsafe to eat. Partially

  20. ReportTechnical OPEN-EASE --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Computing Technologies), University of Bremen, Germany. We propose OPEN-EASE1 , a remote knowledge repre into a box, and household robots will be tasked to clean the table and unload the dishwasher [1], [2 change by packing it in different ways. When cleaning a table, the robot has to reason about the state

  1. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Dishwashers · Room Air Conditioners The closure of the rebate offer period for these appliance categories, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Units until an official closure notice for those two categories the replacement of inefficient residential appliances with new energy efficient residential appliances

  2. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Dishwashers · Room Air Conditioners Ending the rebate offer period for these appliance categories, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Units until an official closure notice is issued by the Committee. #12;The Program for California that provides rebates to encourage the replacement of inefficient residential

  3. www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    of water-using appliances like water heaters, washing machines, and dishwashers. Private water sources water can react with minerals and metals that it comes in contact with to "corrode" or dissolve them. Corrosive water is often called "aggressive" water. While consuming corrosive or aggressive water

  4. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    savings come primarily from commercial and industrial equipment and residential water heaters. · Savings Ballasts Water Heaters Small Electric Motors Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Clothes Dryers Clothes Incandescent Reflector Lamps Direct Heating Equipment Pool Heaters Clothes Washers, Commercial Dishwashers

  5. Abandoned Property Abandoned and unclaimed property left in residential facilities, on breezeways, in stairwells, laundry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, Richard L.

    Abandoned Property Abandoned and unclaimed property left in residential facilities, on breezeways in the residence halls. Non-grounded extension cords are not permitted in any residential facility. Up to six (6, dryers, toaster ovens, and dishwashers are NOT permitted in any residential facility. Coffee pots

  6. Cookstoves for the developing world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kammen, D.M. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional wood, charcoal and coal stoves are used in hundreds of millions of homes. Their design can have a dramatic effcect on energy usage, the environment and community health. Over the past decade government programs, development assistance groups and community-based organizers have undertaken a thorough review of the requirements for successful dissemination of cookstove technology. A new generation of stove programs is now implementing these hard-won lessons. This effort encompasses everything from an examination of stove thermodynamics and materials science to market research and grass-roots educational campaigns. This paper looks at cookstoves in Kenya and programms in China and India. 3 refs.

  7. Multidisciplinary Capstone Design Projects College of Engineering School of Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    charcoal kiln), Climate Healers (Rajasthan, India ­ Solar energy storage cooks stove), Seedr L3C (Cold net energy solar health care clinics and regional vaccine stores), S2O (South Africa ­ Community

  8. Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LPG Furnace Oil Furnace Electric Heat Pump Gas BoilerOil Boiler Electric Room Heater Gas Room Heater Wood Stove (Electric Heat Pump Gas Boiler Oil Boiler Electric Room Gas

  9. Optimierte Integration von Heizkesseln in solarthermische Kombisystemen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for wood pellet boilers and stoves, In: Applied Energy 86(5), Elsevier Science Ltd., 2008 * Haller, M validation to production of reference simulations: how to increase reliability and applicability of building

  10. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11731187, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/1173/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    that elimination of cook stove smoke emissions through clean cooking technologies will likely have a major positive's population relies on solid fu- els (wood, animal dung, crop residues and coal) for daily household energy

  11. Meal Preparation and Food Safety During and After a Flood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    temperature water. Air dry before opening. Or you can sanitize dishes, glassware, metal pans and utensils. s Hand can opener. s Battery-powered radio. s Extra batteries. s Camp stove or other emergency cooking

  12. 215 Euston Road London NW1 2BE UK T +44 (0)20 7611 8888 F +44 (0)20 7611 8545 E contact@wellcome.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    or bringing in more energy-efficient and low-CO2-emitting private vehicles. And we found again very of much more energy-efficient cook stoves, and this would have marked benefits on public health in India

  13. INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopelain, D.G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the price of home heating oil may also be obtained byincluding kerosene, home heating oil, range oil, stove oil,to most marketers of home heating oil. Consequently, during

  14. Afterlives of an accidental masterpiece: Karin Sanders: Bodies in the bog and the archaeological imagination. University of Chicago Press, 2009, 344 p, US$37.50 HB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gere, Cathy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of 1950, two brothers cutting peat for their stove near thewere occasionally found by peat-diggers, showed up at theleather cap. A lump of peat was removed from the back of his

  15. Characteristics of pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Liane Jessica

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The motivation behind this report was to develop a stronger understanding of pine needle combustion behavior in a semi-gasifier, in order to ultimately design an effective pine needle cook stove for people in the developing ...

  16. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Resources of China. Washington D.C. , U.S.U.S. Department of Energy. A-4 China Energy Databook EnergyImproved Biomass Stoves in China: How Was It Done? E W C / E

  17. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: INDICATORS OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE AND EFFICIENCY PART ONE: THE DATA BASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    large stoves, hot water heaters, and portable or centralor from autonomous water heaters. For oil and gas these twofor gas and electric water heaters are from INSEE survey of

  18. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the purpose of heating, cooling or electric supply." It excludes "those parts of heating, cooling or electric supply system that would be required regardless of the energy source being utilized." Wood stoves do

  19. Arnold Schwarzenegger Preserving California's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................................................................107 A-5 Standards for Freezers That Are Consumer Products Canned and Bottled Beverage Vending Machines, and Wine Chillers That Are Not Consumer Products....................................................112 B-1 Room Air Conditioner, Room Air-Conditioning Heat Pump, Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner

  20. Kold Pack: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5323)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kold Pack, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  1. Kold Pack: Order (2013-CE-5323)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Kold Pack, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kold Pack had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Amerikooler: Order (2013-CE-5307)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Amerikooler, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Amerikooler had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  3. CNA: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1430)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and CNA International, Inc., d/b/a MC Appliance Corp. entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  4. Samsung: ENERGY STAR Referral (RF26VAB)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred the matter of Samsung refrigerator-freezer model RF26VAB to the EPA for appropriate action after DOE testing showed that the model does not meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

  5. Amerikooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5307)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Amerikooler, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer (WICF) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  6. automated dna sequence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  7. anonymous dna sequences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  8. automated dna sequencing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  9. ancient dna sequences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  10. Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to save energy and money with their appliances," said DOE General Counsel Scott Blake Harris. "We have found that these refrigerator-freezer models do not deliver the energy and...

  11. Dade Engineering: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5316)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Dade Engineering Corp. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  12. Commercial Cooling Par Engineering: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5312)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Cooling Par Engineering failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  13. Dade Engineering: Order (2013-CE-5316)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Dade Engineering Corp. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Dade Engineering had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer (WICF) components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. Polar King: Order (2013-CE-5328)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Polar King International Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Polar King had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  15. Polar King: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5328)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Polar King International Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Nostalgia Products: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-14017)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Nostalgia Products Group, LLC failed to certify a variety of consumer refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. Milk, Eggs and Solar: Grocery Co-Op Puts Photovoltaics to Work...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Market, the 3,000 daily customers also learn about the co-op's 136 rooftop photovoltaic panels and monthly "Solar Made Simple" seminars. Reducing energy demand With freezer and...

  18. Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Anthony International failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. Anthony International: Order (2013-CE-5357)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Anthony International to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Anthony International had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. CX-012116: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-012116: Categorical Exclusion Determination Final Rule for Amended Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Walk-in Freezers CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 0502...

  1. R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that R-Cold, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Danby Products: Order (2012-CE-1415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Danby Products to pay a $9,900 civil penalty after finding Danby had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerators and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  3. General Items o Alarm clock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saidak, Filip

    . standardsforliving.com o Refrigerators (3.5 cubic feet or smaller) o Stereo w/Headphones o Television, VCR o Explosives/Fireworks o Extension Cords (any type) o Fog/Smoke Machines o Freezers o Furniture

  4. Analysis of Michigan's demand-side electricity resources in the residential sector: Volume 3, End-use studies: Revised final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krause, F.; Brown, J.; Connell, D.; DuPont, P.; Greely, K.; Meal, M.; Meier, A.; Mills, E.; Nordman, B.

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume of the ''Analysis of Michigan's Demand-Side Electricity Resources in the Residential Sector'' contains end-use studies on various household appliances including: refrigerators, freezers, lighting systems, water heaters, air conditioners, space heaters, and heat pumps. (JEF)

  5. Lab Personnel Check-out List (for an individual leaving a lab permanently or for an extended period of time)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    , freezers, refrigerators, incubators, bench tops, biosafety cabinets, etc. If you are leaving behind any indicate who is now responsible for them. Remember to remove all your samples from refrigerators, cold

  6. Electrical Extension Cords Relocatable Power Taps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Songtao

    damage or physical impact; Be used with major appliances, such as refrigerators or freezers, which ... Extension cords must not be used with major appliances, such as refrigerators, which are obviously

  7. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 6/08)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    stocks of organisms locked during off hours and when not attended by laboratory personnel. Freezers and refrigerators in corridors are particularly susceptible to access, so they need to be locked at all times. · Do

  8. Drying Foods at Home Safely Drying Herbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    jars, freezer bags, and airtight plastic containers. Like other foods dried at home, dried herbs in an airtight container and store in a cool, dry, and dark place. Recommended containers include glass canning

  9. Bocconea 7 -1997 219 Some lessons drawn from twelve years of dynamic management of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of these collections are maintained in the form of seed samples, kept in cold storage, in genebanks, e.g. those managed are protected in cold storage rooms or freezers, parasites evolve and the climate may change. These resources

  10. Southeast Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5331)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Southeast Cooler Corp. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  11. American Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that American Cooler Technologies failed to certify walk-in coolers and freezer (WICF) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  12. Commercial Cooler: Order (2013-CE-5343)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Commercial Cooler, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Commercial Cooler had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  13. Custom Coolers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5315)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Custom Coolers, LLC, failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer (WICF) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  14. Golden Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5345)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Golden Cooler failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  15. Southeast Cooler: Order (2013-CE-5331)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Southeast Cooler Corp. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Southeast Cooler had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Commercial Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5343)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Cooler, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. Golden Cooler: Order (2013-CE-5345)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Golden Cooler to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Golden Cooler had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  18. Custom Coolers: Order (2013-CE-5315)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Custom Coolers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Custom Coolers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. General Restaurant Equipment: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5344)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Restaurant Equipment Co. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. Robotics and Energy Usage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hershey, R. L.; Fenton, S. E.; Letzt, A. M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in St. Louis (62 welding robots) and Franklin Manufacturing Company in St. Cloud, Minnesota (4 spray painting robots used in freezer manufacture), We also examined data on energy effects of robots from John Deere, caterpillar, and GM Guide Division...

  1. Ontario Hydro Motor Efficiency Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dautovich, D. R.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric motors consume more than one-half of the electrical energy produced by Ontario Hydro. In the residential sector, the major motor load is for refrigerators and freezers while packaged equipment dominate the motor load in the commercial...

  2. Nostalgia Products: Order (2014-CE-14017)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Nostalgia Products Group, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Nostalgia Products had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  3. Microsoft Word - Bally Comments on Supplemental Notice of Proposed...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    agrees with DOE's proposal to modify the current test procedure for measuring the insulation R-value of walk-in cooler and freezer ("WICF") panels to require that test samples...

  4. Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. CX-008013: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Categorical Exclusion Determination "Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for New Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Walk-in Freezers CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date:...

  6. Maximum cooling temperature and uniform efficiency criterion for inhomogeneous thermoelectric materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hongyun

    electronic circuits, and microscale low power freezers for biological single cell storage. Since 1990s, nano materials due to the distributed Peltier cooling compensating for the internal Joule heating.7,8 Essentially

  7. Metl-Span: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5352)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Metl-Span LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  8. Simulation Models for Improved Water Heating Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Simulation of a Smart Water Heater. ” In Workshop inFreezers, Furnaces, Water Heaters, Room and Central AirNovember. ADL. 1982b. Water Heater Computer Model User’s

  9. USA Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered USA Manufacturing to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding USA Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  10. Memorandum from VP Technical Services, Association of Home Appliance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in the public docket. The issues discussed during the call included (1) an update on ice maker energy into the refrigerator (2) freezer test procedure and (3) questions on the...

  11. Comments on Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Alternative...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-TP-0024...

  12. 2013-2014 COOPERATIVES LEASE REGULATIONS Cooperatives Collective, University of California, Davis Student Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Brian

    dryers or air conditioners. The Resident agrees to exercise reasonable care in his or her use be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any furniture, freezers, clothes washers, clothes

  13. 2014-2015 COOPERATIVES LEASE REGULATIONS Cooperatives Collective, University of California, Davis Student Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    dryers or air conditioners. The Resident agrees to exercise reasonable care in his or her use be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any furniture, freezers, clothes washers, clothes

  14. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    source electric heat-pump water heater is 2.2 9 or greater,other than Heat Pumps Electric Water Heaters FreezersGeothermal Heat Pumps Solar Water Heaters Electric Heat

  15. Safe Home Food Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Proper food storage can preserve food quality and prevent spoilage and food/borne illness. The specifics of pantry, refrigerator and freezer storage are given, along with helpful information on new packaging, label dates, etc. A comprehensive table...

  16. Cospolich Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5314)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Cospolich Refrigerator had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  18. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. Commercial Refrigerator Door: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5351)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Refrigerator Door Company, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  1. Refrigerator Manufacturers: Order (2013-CE-5341)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Refrigerator Manufacturers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  2. Cospolich Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5314)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  3. PNM- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PNM offers incentives for residential customers to improve the efficiency of eligible homes. PNM will provide a $50 rebate for the proper recycling of old refrigerators or freezers. Customers who...

  4. Hydrophilic structures for condensation management in refrigerator appliances

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuehl, Steven John; Vonderhaar, John J; Wu, Guolian; Wu, Mianxue

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment having a freezer compartment door, and a refrigeration compartment having at least one refrigeration compartment door. The appliance further includes a mullion with an exterior surface. The mullion divides the compartments and the exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point. The appliance may also include a cabinet that houses the compartments and has two sides, each with an exterior surface. Further, at least one exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point.

  5. Energy-conservation program: notice of proposed rulemaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A notice of proposed rulemaking, proposing energy efficiency standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment (not including furnaces) kitchen ranges and ovens, and central air conditioners ispresented. Comments are invited and the procedure for public comment is detailed. Issues included and presented in the proposed rulemaking are: determination of energy efficiency levels, macro-economic analysis, certification and enforcement, effect on other law, small business exemptions, environmental assessment, and regulatory analysis. (MCW)

  6. Certification reporting forms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The required information and formats for the certification report including the cover sheet, compliance statement, and body of the report are given in this document. The body of the reports is different for each product. There are no product-to-product differences in the forms of the other parts of the reports. The products covered in this document include: furnaces, water heaters, refrigerator-freezers, central air conditioners, room air conditioners, and freezers.

  7. Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezzati, M.; Mbinda, B.M.; Kammen, D.M.

    2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Suspended particulate matter and carbon emissions from the combustion of biomass, in addition to their environmental consequences, have been causally associated with the incidence of respiratory and eye infections. Improved stoves offer the potential for emissions reduction. The authors compare the emissions of suspended particulate matter and carbon monoxide from traditional and improved biofuel stoves in Kenya under the actual conditions of household use. Data for analysis is from 137 14-h days of continuous real-time emission concentration monitoring in a total of 38 households. Their analysis shows that improved (ceramic) wood-burning stoves reduce daily average suspended particulate matter concentration by 48% during the active burning period and by 77% during the smoldering phase. Ceramic stoves also reduce the median and the 75th and 95th percentiles of daily emission concentration during the burning period and the 95th percentile during the smoldering phase, and therefore shift the overall emission profile downward. Improved charcoal-burning stoves also offer reductions in indoor air pollution compared to the traditional metal stove, but these are not statistically significant. The greatest reduction in emission concentration is achieved as a result of transition from wood to charcoal where mean emission concentrations drop by 87% during the burning period and by 92% when smoldering as well as large reductions in the median and 75th and 95th percentiles. These results indicate that transition to charcoal, followed by the use of improved wood stoves, are viable options for reduction of human exposure to indoor air pollution in many developing nations.

  8. Energy-efficient water heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes how to reduce the amount of hot water used in faucets and showers, automatic dishwashers, and washing machines; how to increase water-heating system efficiency by lowering the water heater thermostat, installing a timer and heat traps, and insulating hot water pipes and the storage tank; and how to use off-peak power to heat water. A resource list for further information is included.

  9. Smart Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, W.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Houston street into a true avenue of innovation. ? 2012 Reliant Proprietary and Confidential Information Welcome to Reliant Innovation Avenue 3 ? 2012 Reliant Proprietary and Confidential Information . 4 Smart Meters ? Texas Market ? 2012... signaling ? Refrigerator, range, dishwasher, washer/dryer, water heater 23 ? 2012 Reliant Proprietary and Confidential Information Electric Vehicle Charging 30 Freedom Station sites operational in Texas. 16 in Houston and 14 in DFW 24 ? 2012 Reliant...

  10. Dispersivity Testing of Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells: Monticello, Utah,

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher: 1; Human:

  11. Disposal Systems Evaluations and Tool Development - Engineered Barrier

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher: 1;System (EBS)

  12. Disposal of Low-Level Waste at the Nevada National Security Site |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher: 1;System

  13. Dispute Resolution Information | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher: 1;SystemConflict

  14. Disrupting the (Energy) Status Quo: ARPA-E Helping the U.S. Face 21st

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher:

  15. Distributed Hydrogen Production from Natural Gas: Independent Review Panel

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher:Report |

  16. Distribution Infrastructure and End Use | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher:Report

  17. Distribution List: For Action: Joseph A. McBrearty, SC-3 John E. Surash, EM-50

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlanticDirect-Cooled PowerDishwasher:ReportDistribution

  18. Conservation and drought management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Calvin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conservation technologies are high e#19;ciency toilets, showerheads, washing machines and water heaters. Behavioral changes include turning the water o#27; except when rinsing while shaving and brushing teeth and pu#26;ing full loads in dishwashers...Fall 2012 tx H2O 5 Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director Conservation and Drought Management WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future Water conservation and drought...

  19. Thermophysical properties of stainless steel foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkes, K.E.; Strizak, J.P.; Weaver, F.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Besser, J.E.; Smith, D.L. [Aladdin Industries, Inc. (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evacuated panel superinsulations with very high center-of-panel thermal resistances are being developed for use in refrigerators/freezers. Attainment of high resistances relies upon the maintenance of low vacuum levels by the use of stainless steel vacuum jackets. However, the metal jackets also present a path for heat conduction around the high resistance fillers. This paper presents results of a study of the impact of metal vacuum jackets on the overall thermal performance of vacuum superinsulations when incorporated into the walls and doors of refrigerators/freezers. Results are presented on measurements of the thermophysical properties of several types and thicknesses of stainless steel foils that were being considered for application in superinsulations. A direct electrical heating method was used for simultaneous measurements of the electrical resistivity, total hemispherical emittance, and thermal conductivity of the foils. Results are also presented on simulations of the energy usage of refrigerators/freezers containing stainless-steel-clad vacuum superinsulations.

  20. Development of Methods for Safe Processing of Home Canned Meat.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turk, R. D. (Richard Duncan); Cover, Sylvia; Kerns, A. H. (Albert Harrison)

    1943-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    100 minutes, with "flonling steam" 106 minutes. When steaming is done over a low flame on a gas or on a kerosene stove, the time required to obtain "flowing steam" may be as much as 2 or 3 hours. In such cases the time after "flowing steam" may... enough sealing I 1 I 1 Kerosene stow 22 Low gas flame 1 2 Time in hours 9 1 Tine in hours Chart 4. Heat penetration curves for Wo. 1 cans during heating before seallng kerosene stove and over low gas flame. 10 BULLETIN NO. 6.35, TEXAS...