Sample records for freezers stoves dishwashers

  1. Elmira Stove Works: Order (2011-CE-1407)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Elmira Stove Works to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Elmira Stove Works had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerator-freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  2. Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Elmira Stove Works failed to certify refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  3. Residential Freezers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    v1.7.xlsx More Documents & Publications Residential Freezers (Appendix B) Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May 2, 2011)...

  4. Blast furnace stove control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muske, K.R. [Villanova Univ., PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Hansen, G.A.; Howse, J.W.; Cagliostro, D.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Chaubal, P.C. [Inland Steel Industries Inc., East Chicago, IN (United States). Research Labs.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines the process model and model-based control techniques implemented on the hot blast stoves for the No. 7 Blast Furnace at the Inland Steel facility in East Chicago, Indiana. A detailed heat transfer model of the stoves is developed. It is then used as part of a predictive control scheme to determine the minimum amount of fuel necessary to achieve the blast air requirements. The controller also considers maximum and minimum temperature constraints within the stove.

  5. Residential Dishwashers, Purchasing Specifications for Energy-Efficient Products (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance and purchasing specifications for residential dishwashers under the FEMP-designated product program.

  6. Superinsulation in refrigerators and freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.; Stovall, T.K.; Wilkes, K.E.; Childs, K.W.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results presented here were obtained during Phase 4 of the first CRADA, which had the specific objective of determining the lifetime of superinsulations when installed in simulated refrigerator doors. The second CRADA was established to evaluate and test design concepts proposed to significantly reduce energy consumption in a refrigerator-freezer that is representative of approximately 60% of the US market. The stated goal of this CRADA is to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50%, the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 L) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translates to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research is to facilitate the introduction of efficient appliances by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. In previous work on this project, a Phase 1 prototype refrigerator-freezer achieved an energy consumption of 1.413 kWh/d [Vineyard, et al., 1995]. Following discussions with an advisory group comprised of all the major refrigerator-freezer manufacturers, several options were considered for the Phase 2 effort, one of which was cabinet heat load reductions.

  7. Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves and Improved Stove Emission Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HATFIELD, MICHAEL; Still, Dean

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In developing countries, there is an urgent need for access to safe, efficient, and more affordable cooking technologies. Nearly 2.5 billion people currently use an open fire or traditional cookstove to prepare their meals, and recent models predict that use of biomass for cooking will continue to be the dominant energy use in rural, resource-poor households through 2030. For these families, cooking poses serious risks to health, safety, and income. An alarming 4 million people, primarily women and children, die prematurely each year from indoor and outdoor exposure to the harmful emissions released by solid fuel combustion. Use of traditional stoves can also have a significant impact on deforestation and climate change. This dire situation creates a critical need for cookstoves that significantly and verifiably reduce fuel use and emissions in order to reach protective levels for human health and the environment. Additionally, advances in the scientific equipment needed to measure and monitor stove fuel use and emissions have not kept pace with the significant need within the industry. While several testing centers in the developed world may have hundred thousand-dollar emissions testing systems, organizations in the field have had little more than a thermometer, a scale, and subjective observations to quantify the performance of stove designs. There is an urgent need for easy-to-use, inexpensive, accurate, and robust stove testing equipment for use by laboratory and field researchers around the world. ASAT and their research partner, Aprovecho Research Center (ARC), have over thirty years of experience addressing these two needs, improved cookstoves and emissions monitoring equipment, with expertise spanning the full spectrum of development from conceptual design to product manufacturing and dissemination. This includes: 1) research, design, and verification of clean biomass cookstove technology and emissions monitoring equipment; 2) mass production of quality-controlled stove and emissions equipment at levels scalable to meet global demand; and 3) global distribution through a variety of channels and partners. ARC has been instrumental in designing and improving more than 100 stove designs over the past thirty years. In the last four years, ASAT and ARC have played a key role in the production and sales of over 200,000 improved stoves in the developed and developing world. The ARC-designed emissions equipment is currently used by researchers in laboratories and field studies on five continents. During Phase I of the DOE STTR grant, ASAT and ARC worked together to apply their wealth of product development experience towards creating the next generation of improved cookstoves and emissions monitoring equipment. Highlights of Phase I for the biomass cookstove project include 1) the development of several new stove technologies that reached the DOE 50/90 benchmark; 2) fabrication of new stove prototypes by ASAT’s manufacturing partner, Shengzhou Stove Manufacturing (SSM); 3) field testing of prototype stoves with consumers in Puerto Rico and the US; and 4) the selection of three stove prototypes for further development and commercialization during Phase II. Highlights of Phase I for the emissions monitoring equipment project include: 1) creation of a new emissions monitoring equipment product, the Laboratory Emissions Monitoring System (LEMS 2) the addition of gravimetric PM measurements to the stove testing systems to meet International Standards Organization criteria; 3) the addition of a CO{sub 2} sensor and wireless 3G capability to the IAP Meter; and 4) and the improvement of sensors and signal quality on all systems. Twelve Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers purchased this equipment during the Phase I project period.

  8. Coleman Two Burner Stove The Coleman Matchlight 2-Burner Propane Stove is especially designed for outdoor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Coleman Two Burner Stove The Coleman Matchlight 2-Burner Propane Stove is especially designed-burner propane stove has a high-pressure regulator that ensures a constant flame regardless of weather propane stove has a removable nickel-chrome-plated grate that makes for easy cleaning. The aluminized

  9. Marin County- Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and fireplace inserts) with cleaner burning stoves...

  10. Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Residential Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 - v2.8.xlsx More Documents & Publications Refrigerators and...

  11. Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial refrigerators and freezers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  12. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case Lighting Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case Lighting This document is a report...

  13. A bottle in a freezer Pavel Krejci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Elisabetta

    the density 1 of water, experiments ­ for instance the freezing of a glass bottle filled with water ­ showA bottle in a freezer Pavel Krejc´i , Elisabetta Rocca § , and J¨urgen Sprekels ¶ Abstract. We propose here a model for solidification of a liquid contents of an elastic bottle in a freezer. The main

  14. ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

  15. Monitoring and evaluation of new stoves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basnet, K.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the people in Nepal depend on biomass for cooking and heating - be it wood, straw etc. and this is one of the reasons why we have a greater problem of deforestation which is the major component for deteriorating environment. Slowing the rate of deforestation to a limited degree at least can be achieved by improving the efficiency of wood utilization. The idea of improving the stoves in terms of firewood consumption and smokelessness has gained an increasing attention in recent years. The prefabricated household stoves (New Nepali Cooking Stoves) are being distributed and installed to the various regions of the country through the Small Farm Family Program with the support of ADB/Nepal and UNICEF/Nepal. These improved stoves make smokeless kitchens and use less firewood. The distribution of the modified Magan Stoves was first started in Budhanilkantha Village about one year before the survey. Still the stoves are being distributed to the villagers if they form a small group of 6-10 households (Small Farm Family) and the group asks for the stoves. After distribution and installations of improved stoves in various regions of the country a sample survey was conducted in Budhanilkantha to ascertain users acceptance and identify the kinds of problems inhibiting greater use. The survey was carried out in the beginning of 1983, and during the survey there were 51 stoves distributed in two Panchayats and different villages.

  16. Solid fuel cooking stoves: International directory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimal design and promotion of the use of fuel efficient cooking stoves demand continued interaction and exchange of information between researchers, extension workers, policy makers and others concerned with stove projects. The directory is aimed at listing all the known organisations in this area.

  17. Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period

  18. Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

  19. DOE Closes Investigation of ASKO Dishwasher | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&D Project forDepartment of EnergyASKO Dishwasher

  20. 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for residential refrigerators and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

  1. Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) now offers the Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program as part of its Residential Clean Energy Grant Program. The Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program...

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC DEFROSTING REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC DEFROSTING REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER Richard F. Topping-efficient refrigerator- freezer prototype involving the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Arthur D. Little, Inc., and Amana Refrigeration, Inc. The project was initiated in 1977 by Oak Ridge National

  3. Removing Odors from Refrigerators and Freezers after Food has Spoiled 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    and it is ready for food. If the odor gets into the freezer?s insulation, contact the manufacturer for sug- gestions on solving the problem. However, sometimes nothing can be done to eliminate the odor. This information was excerpted and adapted from Food Safety...

  4. Hot blast stove process model and model-based controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muske, K.R. [Villanova Univ., PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Howse, J.W.; Hansen, G.A.; Cagliostro, D.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Computational Science Methods Group; Chaubal, P.C. [Inland Steel Industries, Inc., East Chicago, IN (United States). Research Labs.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the process model and model-based control techniques implemented on the hot blast stoves for the No. 7 Blast Furnace at the Inland Steel facility in East Chicago, Indiana. A detailed heat transfer model of the stoves is developed and verified using plant data. This model is used as part of a predictive control scheme to determine the minimum amount of fuel necessary to achieve the blast air requirements. The model is also used to predict maximum and minimum temperature constraint violations within the stove so that the controller can take corrective actions while still achieving the required stove performance.

  5. An ergonomically designed dishwasher for the ambulatory and wheelchair-bound elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, DeAun

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the participants while loading the dishwashers were evaluated by measuring the body angles at the most extreme positions ? reaching to place a dish into the dishwasher. The videotape was stopped and the angles measured from the television screen itself using a... which allows the dishes to air dry if desired. The soap dispenser should be located so as not to require the user to stoop to fill it. The dispenser should also have a large surface that can be pressed against to facilitate closing as opposed...

  6. Removing Odors from Refrigerators and Freezers after Food has Spoiled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    If food has spoiled in a refrigerator or freezer because of a power outage or some other reason, undesirable odors can result. This publication explains how to eliminate odors from these appliances....

  7. Environmental assessment for proposed energy conservation standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Environmental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers was prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality, Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 1500 through 1508. The proposed energy conservation standard (Level 1) and the alternative standards are being reviewed in an energy-efficiency standards rulemaking that the Department has undertaken pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act and the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act. The EA presents the associated environmental impacts from four energy conservation standards for this type of household appliance. For purposes of this EA, each standard is an alternative action and is compared to what is expected to happen if no new standards for this type of product were finalized, i.e., the no action alternative. Of the four energy conservation standard levels considered, standard level 4 has the highest level of energy efficiency and the largest environmental impact. The proposed action implementing Standard Level 1 would have the least environmental impacts, through emission reductions, of the four alternatives. The description of the standards results from the appliance energy-efficiency analyses conducted for the rulemaking. The presentation of environmental impacts for each of the alternatives appears at Section 3 of the EA.

  8. 2014-07-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule Correction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule correction regarding test procedures for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on July 10, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  9. Blood mixer -Optimix Plus Plasma storage freezer -Forma 8097

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strynadka, Natalie

    Equipment: Blood mixer - Optimix Plus Plasma storage freezer - Forma 8097 Blood storage cabinet - Forma 3632 Platelet storage shaker- Forma 4720 Tubing heat sealer - Hematron III Centrifuge for blood allows for the safe collection of blood, the separation and storage of blood components, and for analysis

  10. Experimental analysis of stove top designs for pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roqué, Alyssa J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The motivation behind this project was to develop a better understanding of the role that the stove top plays in a stove where pine needles are the main fuel source. Pine needles have distinct characteristics in their ...

  11. Conserving Energy in Blast Freezers Using Variable Frequency Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolbe, E.; Ling, Q.; Wheeler, G.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Portland Greg Wheeler Director Industrial Assessment Center ABSTRACT A stationary blast freezer processing 22 -lb cartons of sardines in 19,000 pound lots was modified to improve efficiency and to conserve energy. Baffles... of Portland showed readings to agree within 1%. The procedure for measuring velocity profiles was to position the operator in the blast-cell with doors closed, downstream of the pack, prior to opening the refrigeration valve. We thus assumed...

  12. Energy consumption testing of innovative refrigerator-freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, M.T.; Howell, B.T.; Jones, W.R. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Long, D.L. [Statistical Solutions, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The high ambient temperature of the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the AHAM/DOE Refrigerator-Freezer Energy Consumption Standards is intended to compensate for the lack of door openings and other heat loads. Recently published results by Meier and Jansky (1993) indicate labeled consumption overpredicting typical field consumption by 15%. In-house field studies on conventional models showed labeled consumption overpredicting by about 22%. The Refrigerator-Freezer Technology Assessment (RFTA) test was developed to more accurately predict field consumption. This test has ambient temperature and humidity, door openings, and condensation control set at levels intended to typify Canadian household conditions. It also assesses consumption at exactly defined compartment rating temperatures. Ten conventional and energy-efficient production models were laboratory tested. The RFTA results were about 30% lower than labeled. Similarly, the four innovative refrigerator-freezer models, when field tested, also had an average of 30% lower consumption than labeled. Thus, the results of the limited testing suggest that the RFTA test may be a more accurate predictor of field use. Further testing with a larger sample is recommended. Experimental results also indicated that some innovative models could save up to 50% of the energy consumption compared with similar conventional units. The technologies that contributed to this performance included dual compressors, more efficient compressors and fan motors, off-state refrigerant control valve, fuzzy logic control, and thicker insulation. The larger savings were on limited production models, for which additional production engineering is required for full marketability.

  13. Calculational criticality analyses of 10- and 20-MW UF[sub 6] freezer/sublimer vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, W.C.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculational criticality analyses have been performed for 10- and 20-MW UF[sub 6] freezer/sublimer vessels. The freezer/sublimers have been analyzed over a range of conditions that encompass normal operation and abnormal conditions. The effects of HF moderation of the UF[sub 6] in each vessel have been considered for uranium enriched between 2 and 5 wt % [sup 235]U. The results indicate that the nuclearly safe enrichments originally established for the operation of a 10-MW freezer/sublimer, based on a hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratio of 0.33, are acceptable. If strict moderation control can be demonstrated for hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratios that are less than 0.33, then the enrichment limits for the 10-MW freezer/sublimer may be increased slightly. The calculations performed also allow safe enrichment limits to be established for a 20-NM freezer/sublimer under moderation control.

  14. Calculational criticality analyses of 10- and 20-MW UF{sub 6} freezer/sublimer vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, W.C.

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculational criticality analyses have been performed for 10- and 20-MW UF{sub 6} freezer/sublimer vessels. The freezer/sublimers have been analyzed over a range of conditions that encompass normal operation and abnormal conditions. The effects of HF moderation of the UF{sub 6} in each vessel have been considered for uranium enriched between 2 and 5 wt % {sup 235}U. The results indicate that the nuclearly safe enrichments originally established for the operation of a 10-MW freezer/sublimer, based on a hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratio of 0.33, are acceptable. If strict moderation control can be demonstrated for hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratios that are less than 0.33, then the enrichment limits for the 10-MW freezer/sublimer may be increased slightly. The calculations performed also allow safe enrichment limits to be established for a 20-NM freezer/sublimer under moderation control.

  15. Improving stove evaluation using survey data: Who received which intervention matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    air pollution Biomass fuel Coal Stoves Health Matching China As biomass fuel use in developing preferred tests with controls suggest health benefits from clean-fuel versus traditional-biomass stoves health risks associated with the use of biomass for energy such as the burning of wood, dung and crop

  16. Development of quick repairing technique for ceramic burner in hot stove of blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kondo, Atsushi; Doura, Kouji; Nakamura, Hirofumi [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Wakayama (Japan). Wakayama Steel Works

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Refractories of ceramic burner in hot stoves at Wakayama No. 4 blast furnace were damaged. There are only three hot stoves, so repairing must be done in a short. Therefore, a quick repairing technique for ceramic burners has been developed, and two ceramic burners were repaired in just 48 hours.

  17. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Introduction into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves: A Triple Bottom Line Analysis for the new Student Union Building Jordan Ho of a project/report". #12;APSC 262 An Introduction Into Induction and Natural Gas Stoves A triple-bottom line, 2011 #12;Page 2 of 21 ABSTRACT This report compares the attributes of induction and natural gas stoves

  18. SPATIAL DATA ON ENERGY, ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIOECONOMIC, HEALTH AND DEMOGRAPHIC THEMES AT LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY: 1978 INVENTORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burkhart Ed., B.R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-house heating fuel, water heating fuel, clothes washer and dryer, dishwasher, home freezer, television sets, battery-

  19. Experimental and cost analyses of a one kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past ten years, government regulations for energy standards, coupled with the utility industry`s promotion of energy-efficient appliances, have prompted appliance manufacturers to reduce energy consumption in refrigerator-freezers by approximately 40%. Global concerns over ozone depletion have also required the appliance industry to eliminate CFC-12 and CFC-11 while concurrently improving energy efficiency to reduce greenhouse emissions. In response to expected future regulations that will be more stringent, several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as cabinet and door insulation improvements and a high-efficiency compressor were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system. Baseline energy consumption of the original 1996 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. The goal for the project was to achieve an energy consumption that is 50% below in 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard for 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) units. Based on discussions with manufacturers to determine the most promising energy-saving options, a laboratory prototype was fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the energy consumption of a unit with vacuum insulation around the freezer, increased door thicknesses, a high-efficiency compressor, a low wattage condenser fan, a larger counterflow evaporator, and adaptive defrost control.

  20. In-Home Performance of Exempt Pellet Stoves in Medford, Oregon.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, Stockton G.; Fields, Paula G.

    1991-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Pellet stoves that are considered exempt'' operate at an air-to-fuel ratio in excess of 35:1. They therefore qualify for exemption from the emissions certification process. A primary goal of this project was to determine how a sample of such stoves, operated in homes, would perform compared to their certified cousins,'' which were evaluated the previous year. In-home performance data documenting emissions from exempt stoves and net delivered efficiencies was particularly desired. This project evaluated six pellet stoves representing three major brands in Medford, Oregon. There were three Breckwell model P24FS, one Horizon Eclipse, one Horizon Destiny, and one Earth Stove TP40. The stoves were monitored for four week-long intervals in January and February 1991, for a total of 24 tests. Evaluations were conducted for particulate, CO (carbon monoxide) and PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) emissions and net efficiency. Monitoring was conducted using the AWES (automated woodstove emissions sampler) sampling system. A new data logger, developed for this project, was used to control the AWES and record real time data. 22 refs., 17 figs., 6 tabs.

  1. Product Refrigerator Freezer Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Peter

    with USDA seal, unopened 2 weeks Don't freeze well Raw Hamburger, Ground & Stew Meat Hamburger & stew meats just before using. · If freezing meat and poultry in its original package longer than 2 monthsProduct Refrigerator Freezer Eggs Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze Raw yolks, whites 2

  2. Refrigerator: Refrigerators and freezers are not typically constructed to assure that there is no

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Robert E.

    LAB SAFETY Refrigerator: Refrigerators and freezers are not typically constructed to assure temperature of the refrigerator rises. This results in an increase in the concentration of flammable vapors within the refrigerator's interior. When power is restored, a spark generated by the refrigerator light

  3. FIELD TEST OF A HIGH-EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC-DEFROST REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;FIELD TEST OF A HIGH-EFFICIENCY, AUTOMATIC- DEFROST REFRIGERATOR-FREEZER By Richard F. Topping and manufacture pre-production units for home usage tests. The purpose of the field test and the associated market been promising. The first five months of field test data have shown an average 57% decrease in energy

  4. Biomass Stove Pollution Sam Beck ATOC-3500 Biomass energy accounts for about 15% of the world's primary energy consumption and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Biomass Stove Pollution Sam Beck ATOC-3500 Biomass energy accounts for about 15% of the world. Furthermore, biomass often accounts for more than 90% of the total rural energy supplies in developing countries. The traditional stoves in developing countries waste a lot of biomass, mainly because

  5. Hot repair of ceramic burner on hot blast stoves at USS/Kobe`s {number_sign}3 blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernarding, T.F.; Chemorov, M.; Shimono, S.; Phillips, G.R.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    During the 1992 reline of the No. 3 blast furnace, three new stoves were constructed. The design of the stoves, equipped with internal ceramic burners, was for providing a hot blast temperature of 2,000 F at a wind rate of 140,000 SCFM. After 3 years the performance had deteriorated so the burners were cleaned. When a second cleaning did not improve the performance of No. 3 blast furnace, it was decided to repair the refractory while still hot. The paper describes the hot repair procedures, taking a stove off for repairs, maintenance heat up during repairs, two stove operation, stove commissioning, repair of a ceramic burner, and wet gas prevention.

  6. Experience with improved charcoal and wood stoves for households and institutions in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyman, E.L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts at promoting more fuel-efficient charcoal stoves to replace traditional charcoal stoves in Kenya offer some lessons for the dissemination of appropriate technologies. This paper looks at the market-based approach which has made the Kenyan charcoal stoves project a success. Trends in woodfuels (wood and charcoal) consumption in Kenya are identified; the traditional technology for charcoal combustion and the upgraded traditional technologies are described; production achievement and the dissemination and promotion strategy used are examined; and a financial and economic analysis is performed with social, health and environmental effects assessed. Other ways to achieve a more favourable balance between woodfuels consumption and supply are then discussed looking at more efficient charcoal kilns and household woodstoves, improved institutional stoves and increased wood production. The replication potential of the Kenya experiment in other countries is also explored. The lessons learnt from the the Kenya experience concern the relationship between technology, choice and delivery systems as they interact with, economic, institutional, and policy factors. In this case, the design work accepted the traditional technology as a starting point which helped ensure widespread acceptance by households. The potential desirability of relying on local artisans to manufacture consumer durables using existing private sector channels to market these goods is also shown. It also highlights the importance of going beyond a laissez-faire approach and supporting training, demonstration, and publicity to faciliate the workings of the private sector. In the Kenyan case, technology choice was relatively unsubsidized and left ot the preferences of consumers.

  7. Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Fuel Efficient Stoves to Achieve Fuel Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Fuel Efficient Stoves to Achieve Fuel Security Overview Tanzanians living near the Udzungwa Mountains National Park have 100,000 villagers without an available fuel source. One possible solution to alleviate this crisis

  8. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

  9. Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An industry/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translated to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research was to facilitate the introduction of cost-efficient technologies by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. A 1996 model refrigerator-freezer was selected as the baseline unit for testing. Since the unit was required to meet the 1993 NAECA standards, the energy consumption was quite low (1.676 kWh/d), thus making further reductions in energy consumption very challenging. Among the energy saving features incorporated into the original design of the baseline unit were a low-wattage evaporator fan, increased insulation thicknesses, and liquid line flange heaters.

  10. 2014-06-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is the agency response to the Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration.

  11. Energy efficiency improvements for refrigerator/freezers using prototype doors containing gas-filled panel insulating systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, B.; Arasteh, D.; Tuerler, D.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy efficiency improvements in domestic refrigerator/freezers, are directly influenced by the overall thermal performance of the cabinet and doors. An advanced system for reducing heat gain is Gas-Filled Panel thermal insulation technology. Gas-Filled Panels contain a low-conductivity, inert gas at atmospheric pressure and employ a reflective baffle to suppress radiation and convection within the gas. This paper presents energy use test results for a 1993 model 500 liter top mount refrigerator/freezer operated with its original doors and with a series of alternative prototype doors. Gas-Filled Panel technology was used in two types of prototype refrigerator/freezer doors. In one design, panels were used in composite with foam in standard metal door pans; this design yielded no measurable energy savings. In the other design, special polymer door pans were fitted with panels that fill nearly all of the available insulation volume; this design yielded a 6.5% increase in energy efficiency for the entire refrigerator/freezer. The EPA Refrigerator Analysis computer program has been used to predict the change in daily energy consumption with the alternative doors. The computer model also projects a 25% energy efficiency improvement for a refrigerator/freezer that would use Gas-Filled Panel insulation throughout the cabinet as well as the doors.

  12. Compressor calorimeter performance of refrigerant blends: Comparative methods and results for a refrigerator/freezer application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rice, C K; Sand, J R

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A protocol was developed to define calorimeter operating pressures for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures (NARMs) which corresponded with the saturated evaporator and condenser temperatures commonly used for pure refrigerants. Compressor calorimeter results were obtained using this equivalent-mean-temperature (EMT) approach and a generally applied Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) procedure at conditions characteristic of a domestic refrigerator-freezer application. Tests with R-12 and two NARMs indicate that compressor volumetric and isentropic efficiencies are nearly the same for refrigerants with similar capacities and pressure ratios. The liquid-line temperature conditions specified in the AHAM calorimeter rating procedure for refrigerator-freezer compressors were found to preferentially derate NARM performance relative to R-12. Conversion of calorimeter data taken with a fixed liquid-line temperature to a uniform minimal level of condenser subcooling is recommended as a fairer procedure when NARMs are involved. Compressor energy-efficiency-ratio (EER) and capacity data measured as a result of the EMT approach were compared to system performance calculated using an equivalent-heat-exchanger-loading (EHXL) protocol based on a Lorenz-Meutzner (L-M) refrigerator-freezer modeling program. The EHXL protocol was used to transform the calorimeter results into a more relevant representation of potential L-M cycle performance. The EMT method used to set up the calorimeter tests and the AHAM liquid-line conditions combined to significantly understate the cycle potential of NARMs relative to that predicted at the more appropriate EHXL conditions. Compressor conditions representative of larger heat exchanger sizes were also found to give a smaller L-M cycle advantage relative to R-12.

  13. Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of electric or gas water heater EFFIC Average householdfreezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, clothes washers,Freezers Refrigerators Water Heaters Dishwashers Clothes

  14. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are...

  15. Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Freezers Room air conditioners Televisions Clothes washers Dishwashers Battery chargers Water heaters Fluorescent lamp ballasts Incandescent reflector lamps If your appliance has...

  16. Dishwasher | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale, Michigan: Energy

  17. Switchover software reliability estimate for Paducah Freezer/Sublimer computer systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flanagan, D.M.; Davis, J.N.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K-25 Engineering Division purchased a series of redundant computer systems and developed software for the purpose of providing continuous process monitoring and control for the Freezer/Sublimer equipment in the gaseous diffusion process at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The application software is loaded on two central processing units (CPU) so that in the event of a failure of the primary unit, the processing can switch to the backup unit and continue processing without error. It is the purpose of this document to demonstrate the reliability of this system with respect to its ability to switch properly between redundant CPU. The total reliability estimation problem -- which considers the computer hardware, the operating system software, and the application software -- has been reduced to one that considers only the application software directly involved in the switchover process. Estimates are provided for software reliability and the testing coverage. Software and hardware reliability models and reliability growth models are considered in addition to Bayesian approaches.

  18. Coal use, stove improvement, and adult pneumonia mortality in Xuanwei, China: a retrospective cohort study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, M.; Chapman, R.S.; Vermeulen, R.; Tian, L.W.; Zheng, T.Z.; Chen, B.E.; Engels, E.A.; He, X.Z.; Blair, A.; Lan, Q. [NCI, Bethesda, MD (USA)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In Xuanwei County, China, unvented indoor coal burning is strongly associated with increased risk of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the impact of coal burning and stove improvement on risk of pneumonia is not clear. We conducted a retrospective cohort study among all farmers born 1917 through 1951 and living in Xuanwei as of 1 January 1976. The analysis included a total of 42,422 cohort members. Follow-up identified all deaths in the cohort from 1976 through 1996. Ages at entry into and at exit from follow-up ranged from 24 to 59 years and from 25 to 80 years, respectively. The record search detected 225 deaths from pneumonia, and 32,332 (76%) were alive as of 31 December 1996. We constructed multivariable Cox models (time variable = age) to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Use of coal, especially smokeless coal, was positively associated with pneumonia mortality. Annual tonnage and lifetime duration of smoky and smokeless coal use were positively associated with pneumonia mortality. Stove improvement was associated with a 50% reduction in pneumonia deaths (smoky coal users: HR, 0.521; 95% CI, 0.340-0.798; smokeless coal users: HR, 0.449; 95% CI, 0.215-0.937). Our analysis is the first to suggest that indoor air pollution from unvented coal burning is an important risk factor for pneumonia death in adults and that improving ventilation by installing a chimney is an effective measure to decrease it.

  19. Evaluation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of an environmentally safe domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants and respond to regulatory actions arising from the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as improved cabinet insulation and high-efficiency compressor and fans, were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system to produce a unit that is superior from an environmental viewpoint due to its lower energy consumption and the use of refrigerant HFC-134a as a replacement for CFC-12. Baseline energy performance of the original 1993 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model was used to evaluate the energy savings for several design modifications that, collectively, could achieve a targeted energy consumption of 1.00 kWh/d for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. The energy consumption goal represents a 50% reduction in the 1993 NAECA standard for units of this size. Following the modeling simulation, laboratory prototypes were fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the analytical results and aid in improving the model in those areas where discrepancies occurred. While the 1.00 kWh/d goal was not achieved with the modifications, a substantial energy efficiency improvement of 22% (1.41 kWh/d) was demonstrated using near-term technologies. It is noted that each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. Further work on this project will analyze cost-effectiveness of the design changes and investigate alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration system changes to further reduce energy consumption.

  20. Investigation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of conventionally designed refrigerator-freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sand, J.R.; Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H. [Consulting Engineer, Cedar Rapids, IA (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several design options for improving the energy efficiency of conventionally-designed, domestic refrigerator freezers (RFs) were incorporated into two 1990 production RF cabinets and refrigeration systems. The baseline performance of the original units and unit components were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model which could simulate cycling behavior was used to evaluate the daily energy use impacts for each modification, and modeled versus experimental results are compared. The model was shown to track measured RF performance improvement sufficiently well that it was used with some confidence to investigate additional options that could not be experimentally investigated. Substantial improvements in RF efficiency were demonstrated with relatively minor changes in system components and refrigeration circuit design. However, each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. For RF sizes typically sold in the United States (18-22 ft{sup 3} [510--620 1]), alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration cycles may be required to achieve the program goal (1.00 Kilowatt-hour per day for a 560 l, top mount RF.

  1. Fuel Efficient Stoves for Darfur Camps of Internally DisplacedPersons - Report of Field Trip to North and South Darfur, Nov. 16 -Dec.17, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galitsky, Christina; Gadgil, Ashok; Jacobs, Mark; Lee, Yoo-Mi

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 2.2 million internally displaced persons (''IDPs'') in Darfur are living in dense camps scattered in arid areas with low fuelwood productivity. Unsustainable harvesting of fuelwood by the IDPs has created ever increasing zones of denudation, that now (in November 2005) have reached several kilometers from the camp boundaries. Leaving the safety of the camps to fetch fuelwood from farther and farther away imposes great risk and hardship on the IDP women. Three different metal fuel efficient stove (''FES'') designs were tested in Darfur IDP camps for their suitability to substantially reduce the fuelwood needs of IDPs. The mud-and-dung ''ITDG'' stoves being promoted under the current FES program were also examined and tested. A modified design of the ITDG mud-and-dung stove, ''Avi'', was developed, built and tested. Systematic informal surveys of IDP households were undertaken in North and South Darfur to understand the household parameters related to family size, food, fuel, cooking habits, cooking pots, expenditure on fuel, and preferences related to alternative ways to spend time/money if fuel could be saved. Surveys found that a significant fraction of families are missing meals for lack of fuel (50% in South Darfur, and 90% in the North Darfur camps visited by the mission). About 60% of women in South Darfur, and about 90% of women in North Darfur camps purchase fuelwood. Selling some of the food rations to purchase fuel to cook meals was significant (40%) in South Darfur and has become common (80%) in North Darfur. The LBNL mission found that two of the metal stoves and the mud-and-dung Avi can significantly reduce fuelwood consumption using the same fuel, pot, cooking methods, and food ingredients used by Darfur IDPs. The most suitable design for Darfur conditions would be a modified ''Tara'' stove. With training of the cooks in tending the fire, this stove can save 50% fuel for the IDPs. The stove costs less than $10 (US) to produce in Darfur, and saves fuelwood worth $160 annually at local market prices. For programmatic and administrative reasons, the LBNL mission do not recommend a mud-and-dung stove, for which control of quality and dimensional accuracy is expensive and cumbersome to administer, particularly in a rapid large rollout effort. A light metal stove, on the other hand, can be rapidly produced in large numbers locally in Darfur, with good quality control exercised on the material and dimensions of the stoves right at the workshop where it is produced. LBNL mission also recommends immediate trials of 50 Tara stoves in a pilot technical rollout, 500 Tara stoves in a pilot social rollout, in parallel with a technical effort to modify the Tara design to make it better suited for Darfur camp conditions. The mission also recommends a program for manufacturing, disseminating the metal stoves, and educating the IDPs in fuel-efficient cooking practices. Monitoring of the stove quality, dissemination effort and training should be an integral part of the program, with systematic summaries planned with 10,000, 50,000 and 100,000 stoves have been disseminated. In the above pilot rollouts as well as in the final implementation, it is important to continue to pay attention to training of the cooks in tending the cooking fire in the stoves, and offer continued social reinforcement to this training (e.g., through periodic competitions to cook normal meals with the least fuelwood use.)

  2. Advanced insulations for refrigerator/freezers: The potential for new shell designs incorporating polymer barrier construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, B.T.; Arasteh, D.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The impending phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used to expand foam insulation, combined with requirements for increased energy efficiency, make the use of non-CFC-based high performance insulation technologies increasingly attractive. The majority of current efforts are directed at using advanced insulations in the form of thin, flat low-conductivity gas-filled or evacuated orthogonal panels, which we refer to as Advanced Insulation Panels (AIPs). AIPs can be used in composite with blown polymer foams to improve insulation performance in refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) of conventional design and manufacture. This AIP/foam composite approach is appealing because it appears to be a feasible, near-term method for incorporating advanced insulations into R/Fs without substantial redesign or retooling. However, the requirements for adequate flow of foam during the foam-in-place operation impose limitations on the allowable thickness and coverage area of AIPs. This report examines design alternatives which may offer a greater increase in overall thermal resistance than is possible with the use of AIP/foam composites in current R/F design. These design alternatives generally involve a basic redesign of the R/F taking into account the unique requirements of advanced insulations and the importance of minimizing thermal bridging with high thermal resistance insulations. The focus here is on R/F doors because they are relatively simple and independent R/F components and are therefore good candidates for development of alterative designs. R/F doors have significant thermal bridging problems due to the steel outer shell construction. A three dimensional finite difference computer modeling exercise of a R/F door geometry was used to compare the overall levels of thermal resistance (R-value) for various design configurations.

  3. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Final Rule

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding energy conservation standards for walk-in coolers and walk-in freezers, as issued by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on May 8, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  4. Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

  5. Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    source) District heating Wood Biogas Charcoal Stove/ RoomHeating Television Refrigerator Freezer Washing Machine Air-Conditioner Fan Tubular fluorescent Compact fluorescent Halogen Kerosene lamp Wood Stove Biogas

  6. Adapted from FDA refrigerator and freezer guidelines: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/ResourcesForYou/HealthEducators/UCM109315.pdf Have you ever wondered how long you should keep things in the refrigerator or freezer? If so, then the chart below can he

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    freezer times are for quality purposes only. If you are freezing meat and poultry in its original package, chicken, tuna, ham, 3-5 days Don't freeze well or macaroni salad Fresh Meat (Beef, Veal, Lamb, & Pork and mixed greens) after the sell-by date. Store raw meat and poultry in a pan on the lowest shelf

  7. Residential Dishwashers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptemberAssessments |FossilThisDepartment of EnergyCraigThe

  8. Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2013-CEW-19001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Fagor America, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerator-freezers and dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  9. Fagor America: Order (2013-CEW-19001)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Fagor America, Inc. to pay a $13,000 civil penalty after finding Fagor America had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerator-freezers and dishwashers comply with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  10. 2014-09-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration Notice of Public Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting regarding energy conservation standards for walk-in coolers and freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute petition for reconsideration, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 23, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  11. Residential Freezers (Appendix B)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE that conduct testing in support of ENERGY STAR® verification, DOE rulemakings, and enforcement of the federal energy conservation standards.

  12. Magnetocaloric Refrigerator Freezer

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr. ErnestMID-CAREERofBacteriumto2009

  13. Cook stove assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeFoort, Morgan W; Willson, Bryan D; Lorenz, Nathan; Brady, Michael P; Marchese, Anthony; Miller-Lionberg, Daniel D

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A combustion chamber, having an upper part and a lower part, may include an annular constriction, in combination with the combustion chamber, to aid in directing partially combusted gases such as carbon monoxide away from the periphery of the combustion chamber back toward its center, and into the flame front. The annular constriction may also impede the flow of partially combusted gases located at the periphery, thus increasing the time these gases spend within the combustion chamber and increasing the likelihood that any products of incomplete combustion will undergo combustion. The combustion chamber may further comprise a dual burner cooktop for directing combustion gases and exhaust to multiple cooking vessels. In further embodiments, the combustion chamber may be made of, lined, or clad with a metal alloy comprising iron, chromium, and aluminum.

  14. List of Dishwasher Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,LakefrontLighthouse SolarIListsource HistoryList

  15. Dishwasher: 1; Human: 0 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy ActDetroit EdisonCity, Arizona, SiteDiscussion on

  16. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers, dishwashers and room air conditioners closed on December 6, 2010 for the following appliance categories will close on December 31, 2010: · Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Program for #12;California that provides rebates to encourage the replacement of inefficient residential

  17. 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 2908-9022 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    .D, Community Viability Specialist, Central District Quick Facts · An ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerator uses consumption. A model that's too large will waste space and energy; on the other hand, a model that's too small sunlight and close contact with heat sources such as heating vents, the stove, or dishwasher will make

  18. Covered Product Category: Commercial Dishwashers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department ofU.S.forCategories »

  19. Covered Product Category: Residential Dishwashers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013DepartmentEnterprise

  20. DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&D Project| DepartmentAdvisory Committee |Energy

  1. Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    because the air near the floor is cooler, especially in commercial kitchens. Ergonomics is another advantage to this configuration because food products are placed in the...

  2. Living and Working in the Freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Victoria (Dept of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion Unversity) [Dept of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion Unversity

    2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Very little data of any kind exists from the early spring in the Arctic. The reason? It's extremely cold and that makes it difficult to survive, let alone conduct science. From March through the end of April, 2011, scientists from around the world braved temperatures of -48?C in the high Canadian Arctic in the name of science. At the Catlin Arctic Survey's floating 'Ice Base' off Ellef Ringnes Island, Dr. Victoria Hill was investigating how organic material in fresh water near the surface of the ocean may be trapping heat from the sun, causing the upper ocean layers to warm. This is a very new area of research and this mechanism represents a key uncertainty in accurate modeling of ice thickness and upper ocean heat content. In this presentation Dr. Hill will talk about living and working at the ice base and discuss preliminary data from the expedition.

  3. APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONERS GAS SPACE HEATERS WATER HEATERS PLUMBING FITTINGS FLUORESCENT LAMP BALLASTS LUMINAIRES GAS COOKING APPLIANCES AND GAS POOL HEATERS SEPTEMBER 1992 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS APPLIANCE) Gas space heaters, excluding the following types: (1) gravity type central furnaces; (2) heaters

  4. Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department ofU.S.forCategoriesDepartment of

  5. Residential Freezers (Appendix B) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptemberAssessments |FossilThisDepartmentDepartment of Energy

  6. Demonstration Assessment of LED Freezer Case Lighting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197 This

  7. Check-In/Check-Out Evaluation Complete the arrival columns with explanations below part 7. You and your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    . Shower, glass, curtain b. Tub, sink, towel racks c. Toilet, cabinets d. Plastic and tile surfaces e coverings c. Walls and ceilings d. Plastic and tile surfaces e. Electric fixtures, stove (burners, oven) f. Refrigerator, freezer, sink disposal g. Other: 2. Living Room a. Walls and ceiling b. Carpet or rug, window

  8. Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO Overview OCHCODepartment ofRecipientsandPublicPump SystemsPutting

  9. Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010In addition to analysis3 News7:ThomasA

  10. Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunan Runhua New EnergyIT PowerImagine Energy Inc JumpImproved

  11. Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of ENERGY STAR verification, DOE rulemakings, and enforcement of the federal energy conservation standards. residentialrefrigerator-freezerappendixav1.0.xlsx More Documents...

  12. System for maintaining materials at freezer temperatures for shipping

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schabron, John F. (Laramie, WY); Sorini-Wong, Susan S. (Laramie, WY)

    2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    At least one embodiment of the inventive technology relates to a frozen environmental sample temperature control system that comprises a frozen formulation having water in an amount from substantially 87% to 78% by weight of the formulation, and salt in an amount from substantially 13% to 22% by weight of the formulation, the system further including at least one container containing the frozen formulation; and a cooler having insulating material disposed between an outer wall and an inner surface that defines an inner chamber into which the at least one container and the at least one frozen environmental sample may be placed for storage and/or transport. Various embodiments may incorporate specific types of insulating material and/or adaptations to an inner surface of the cooler to enhance the insulation effected thereby.

  13. Ex Parte Communication_Kitable Refrigerator/Freezer Guidance | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan Departmentof1-SCORECARD-09-21-11April 19, 2013,of Energy

  14. DOE Resolves Avanti Refrigerator and Freezer Civil Penalty Case |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesvilleAbout »Department of2Violating Minimum Appliance

  15. DOE Reaches Settlement with Freezer Manufacturer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13, 2014ContributingDOE Contract DOE Internationalwith1.9MSettlement

  16. Residential Refrigerators-Freezers (Appendix A1) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof Enhanced GeothermalInformation Resources

  17. 6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of Energy This document summarizes results fromof

  18. 6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRA Newsletters 2010 ARRA Newsletters201416-17, 2015SunShotRulemakings -of

  19. Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013DepartmentEnterpriseDepartment of

  20. Refrigerator-Freezers (multiple defrost waiver) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29, 2013RedbirdThisEvaluationsThe

  1. Residential Freezers (Appendix B1) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptemberAssessments |FossilThisDepartmentDepartment of EnergyThe

  2. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatement Delphi Statement From October, 2008, a statement

  3. Improved stove programs need robust methods to estimate carbon offsets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Michael; Edwards, Rufus; Masera, Omar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Switch from Non-Renewable Biomass for Thermal Applicationsis applied to the non-renewable biomass fuel savings No23 (UNFCCC definition of renewable biomass) No uncertainty

  4. Development and Testing of the Berkeley Darfur Stove

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amrose, Susan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3 Energy and Resources Group, and Mechanical Engineering,Mechanical Engineering) and Charles Kirubi (masters student in the Energy

  5. Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFife EnergyFreight BestFuel Cell ControlCellsFuel

  6. Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

  7. TheUMASSIntelligentHomeProject* Victor Lesser,Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    includes agentslike an intelligent WaterHeater,Cof- feeMaker,Heater,A/C, Dishwasher.etc.,anda robot water is scarce,the Dishwasher agentmayelectto run acold

  8. Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of RECS annual energy consumption data with a UAF functionGather as much field energy consumption data as possible 2.field energy consumption from RECS data Standard-size

  9. BRDG2 Freezer Monitoring Protocol Our Vector Account Number is 4890308

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    entrance corridor & Sibille Lab Remote Alarm Vector Security will call 1.)Lab Phone 2.)PI Office Phone 3 is cooling down to the appropriate temperature. If the temperature failed to reach -70 before the end the number for BRDG2 Security into your cell phone. 4. Work with the security guard to determine the warming/cooling

  10. Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Jeffery

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    es/detailed_tables2005.html. EIA (2011). RECS survey data,FR EIA (2008). 2005 Residential energy consumption survey—the 2005 RECS (EIA 2008). The survey, which sampled 4,382

  11. VEA-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment ofPrivilegesUnauthorized Access |DarrylDepartment

  12. VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment ofPrivilegesUnauthorized AccessVikingEnergy

  13. Field Demonstration of High-Efficiency Ultra-Low-Temperature Laboratory Freezers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy June 6-7, 2013 Meeting FederalThorium, and Potassium

  14. DOE Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions andDefinitionEnergy Implement theDOE4-99

  15. Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May 2, 2011) |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010InJanuary 29,

  16. Fireplaces and Woodburning Stoves...May Raise Energy Costs | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Departmentof Ohio EnvironmentalEnergyFinancingFireEnergy

  17. EA-0386: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Standards for Consumer Products: Dishwashers, Clothes Washers, and Clothes Dryers

  18. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Heat Pumps Room Air Conditioners Water Heaters Gas Furnaces Clothes Washers Clothes Dryers Dishwashers COMMERCIAL

  19. Taking out 1 billion tons of CO2: The magic of China's 11th Five-Year Plan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump conditionerSmall cogen Stove District heating Heat pump Centralized AC

  20. Up in Smoke: The Influence of Household Behavior on the Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, Rema

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    It is conventional wisdom that it is possible to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution, improve health outcomes, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions in rural areas of developing countries through the adoption of improved ...

  1. Up in Smoke: The Influence of Household Behavior on the Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, Rema

    It is conventional wisdom that it is possible to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution, improve health outcomes, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions in the rural areas of developing countries through the adoption of ...

  2. The Effect of Marketing Messages, Liquidity Constraints, and Household Bargaining on Willingness to Pay for a Nontraditional Cook-stove

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beltramo, Theresa; Levine, David I; Blalock, Garrick

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rural households are on average poorer than urban counterparts and have low rates of electrification-

  3. Patterns of Stove Usage after Introduction of an Advanced Cookstove: The Long-Term Application of Household Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT: Household air pollution generated from solid fuel use for cooking is one of the leading risk% of households rely on solid fuelsincluding wood, dung, grass, coal, and crop residues for cooking.1 The 2010 of Household Sensors Ajay Pillarisetti,*, Mayur Vaswani, Darby Jack,§ Kalpana Balakrishnan, Michael N. Bates

  4. Energy Efficiency Adult Tracking Report - Final

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson-Grant, Amy

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Postwave tracking study for the Energy Efficiency Adult Campaign This study serves as measure of key metrics among the campaign’s target audience, homeowners age 25+. Key measures include: Awareness of messages relating to the broad issue; Recognition of the PSAs; Relevant attitudes, including interest, ease of taking energy efficient steps, and likelihood to act; Relevant knowledge, including knowledge of light bulb alternatives and energy efficient options; and Relevant behaviors, including specific energy-saving behaviors mentioned within the PSAs. Wave 1: May 27 – June 7, 2011 Wave 2: May 29 – June 8, 2012 Wave 3: May 29 – June 19, 2014 General market sample of adults 25+ who own their homes W1 sample: n = 704; W2: n=701; W3: n=806 Online Survey Panel Methodology Study was fielded by Lightspeed Research among their survey panel. Sample is US Census representative of US homeowners by race/ethnicity, income, age, region, and family status. At least 30% of respondents were required to have not updated major appliances in their home in the past 5 years (dishwasher, stove, refrigerator, washer, or dryer).

  5. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    components or devices to replace one larger one Compressors, pumps, blowers, dishwashers, refrigerators, and air conditioning systems Transformers, power

  6. APPLIANCE STANDARDS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fan Light Kits External Power Supplies Walk-in Coolers & Freezers Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Refrigerators & Freezers Water Heaters CAC HP CAC HP Furnaces &...

  7. Water relations of evergreen and drought-deciduous trees along a seasonally dry tropical forest chronosequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasselquist, Niles J.; Allen, Michael F.; Santiago, Louis S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the freezer until water extraction for stable isotopein the freezer until water extraction for stable isotopeand after thorough water extraction (100°C, 3 h). d 18 O

  8. Treatment of experimental asthma using a novel peptide inhibitor of the inducible T cell kinase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guimond, David M.; Guimond, David M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supernatant -! small centrifuge tubes (4 per MegaPrep) forvacuum manifold -! centrifuge -! -20°C freezer Materials: -!freezer -! refrigerated centrifuge -! liquid nitrogen vessel

  9. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other cleaner burning fuels (biogas or LPG) for cooking andstove with improved stove or biogas can be suggested, if thegaseous-burning-fuel stove (biogas, liquefied petroleum gas,

  10. Off-grid Energy in Rural India: Policy Recommendations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    -grid energy technologies, like improved cooking stoves, biogas digesters, and micro hydropower efficient wood- fueled cooking stoves, biogas digesters for fuel production, or wind

  11. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airsmall cogen stove district heating heat pump Central AC Roomrespectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while in

  12. s.s. PACIFIC EXPLORER ~RT III -BELOW DECK ARRANGEMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..................... .. .......... 24 Compressor Roam............................. 24 Storage and Freezer Compartments. ........... 29 Operational Problems......... .............. .... 31 Personnel

  13. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hasn't been found, use dry ice to keep the freezer temperatures below freezing and to prevent freezing for two to three days in a half-full freezer and three to four days in a loaded freezer. ii longer than one that is par- tially full. 2. The type of frozen food. A freezer full of meats will stay

  14. WVU Shared Research Facilities Instrument List Revised 9/10/12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Optical Profiler-will arrive in early fall Both locations have general lab refrigerators and freezers

  15. Evaluation of advanced technologies for residential appliances and residential and commercial lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turiel, I.; Atkinson, B.; Boghosian, S.; Chan, P.; Jennings, J.; Lutz, J.; McMahon, J.; Rosenquist, G.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 127 of the Energy Policy Act requires that the Department of Energy (DOE) prepare a report to Congress on the potential for the development and commercialization of appliances that substantially exceed the present federal or state efficiency standards. Candidate high-efficiency appliances must meet several criteria including: the potential exists for substantial improvement (beyond the minimum established in law) of the appliance`s energy efficiency; electric, water, or gas utilities are prepared to support and promote the commercialization of such appliances; manufacturers are unlikely to undertake development and commercialization of such appliances on their own, or development and production would be substantially accelerated by support to manufacturers. This report describes options to improve the efficiency of residential appliances, including water heaters, clothes washers and dryers, refrigerator/freezers, dishwashers, space heating and cooling devices, as well as residential and commercial lighting products. Data from this report (particularly Appendix 1)were used to prepare the report to Congress mentioned previously. For the residential sector, national energy savings are calculated using the LBL Residential Energy Model. This model projects the number of households and appliance saturations over time. First, end-use consumption is calculated for a base case where models that only meet the standard replace existing models as these reach the end of their lifetime. Second, models with efficiencies equal to the technology under consideration replace existing models that reach the end of their lifetime. For the commercial sector, the COMMEND model was utilized to project national energy savings from new technologies. In this report, energy savings are shown for the period 1988 to 2015.

  16. Residential applliance data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.

  17. Page 58 of 64 July 1, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    within the workplace, such as simple refrigerators, microwaves, stoves, coffee pots, toasters, water

  18. Electrolux: Order (2012-CE-1901) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    had failed to certify that certain dishwashers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement...

  19. Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative (CNMEC) provides an incentive for its residential members to purchase energy efficient water heaters, clothes washers, dishwashers, refrigerators, and...

  20. International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Awards for Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Washers Residential Dishwashers Tankless Water HeatersStorage Water Heaters Room Air Conditioners Total Totalresidential gas tankless water heaters; residential gas

  1. Longmont Power and Communications- Residential and Commercial Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Longmont Power and Communications offers an incentive for its residential and commercial customers to install energy efficient washing machines and dishwashers. The rebate [http://www.ci.longmont...

  2. Gunnison County Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Gunnison County Electric Association (GCEA), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, has a residential rebate program for eligible Energy Star appliances including clothes washers, dishwashers,...

  3. EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: EnergyConservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens)

  4. Income Tax Deduction for Energy-Efficient Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This incentive is available for dishwashers, clothes washers, air conditioners, ceiling fans, compact fluorescent light bulbs, dehumidifiers, programmable thermostats or refrigerators that meet or...

  5. City of Lompoc Utilities- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Lompoc Utilities offers rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficiency lighting, clothes washers, dishwashers, replaced refrigerators, new...

  6. ASKO Appliances: Order (2012-CE-19/2004) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    civil penalty after finding ASKO had failed to certify that certain models of residential dishwashers and clothes washers comply with the applicable energy and water...

  7. Electrospun Direct-write Multi-functional Nanofibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Jiyoung

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy harvesting scheme utilizes kinetic or vibratory movements for energy scavenge from common household sources such as refrigerator, dishwashing machine, and microwave

  8. Yellowstone Valley Electric Cooperative- Residential/Commercial Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Yellowstone Valley Electric Cooperative offers rebates to residential and commercial members for purchasing energy efficient add-on heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, water heaters, dishwashers...

  9. Department of Energy Announces More Stringent Energy Efficient...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    more stringent energy efficient criteria for dishwashers carrying the ENERGY STAR label that could save America families more than 26 million a year. The new ENERGY STAR...

  10. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heat pump technologies where applicable models exist (electric water heaters,Heat Pumps for AC Electric Clothes Dryers Electric Secondary Space Heaters Dishwashers Electric Water Heaters (

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    dishwashers, and room air conditioners. The latest efficiency rulemaking for residential water heaters includes a provision for higher standards on electric and natural gas...

  12. Washington State Energy-Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    clothes washers, refrigerators, dishwashers, ductless air source heat pumps, and water heaters. Between March and November of 2010, more than 41,000 rebates were paid to...

  13. Department of Energy Requests Fast Track Rulemaking for Implementing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    a variety of home appliances such as refrigerators, central air conditioners, furnaces, water heaters, clothes washers and dishwashers; as well as smaller, home equipment...

  14. Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Equality State can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers, dishwashers, water heaters and gas furnaces ranging from 50 to 250. The program still has 40 percent...

  15. DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Articles DOE Energy Star Testing Reveals Inefficient ASKO Dishwasher Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing DOE Refers Four...

  16. The Intelligent Home Testbed Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Cof- feeMaker, Heater, A/C, DishWasher, etc., and a robot of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to run a cold cycle, trading-off solution quality for resource consumption ­ the agent may also elect to wait until hot water becomes

  17. FEMA: Family Basic Disaster Supplies There are six basics you should stock in your home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    the containers with dishwashing soap and water, and rinse completely so there is no residual soap. Follow the bottles with dishwashing soap and water, and rinse completely so #12;there is no residual soapFEMA: Family Basic Disaster Supplies There are six basics you should stock in your home: Water

  18. Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Gas Oil Lighting 0-1 hrs 1-2 his 2-3 hrs Usage levelNatural gas Oil Dishwasher End-Use Lighting 0-1 hrs 1-2 hrs UsageNatural gas Oil Dishwasher End-Use Lighting 0-1 hrs 1-2 hrs Usage

  19. 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 2908-9018 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    , disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. An equal opportunity, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State, Petersburg. ENERGY SERIES:What about Dishwashers? Robert washing them by hand, and an ENERGY STAR qualified dishwasher is even more efficient. · Compared

  20. CLEANING OF VISCOUS DROPS ON A FLAT INCLINED SURFACE USING GRAVITY-DRIVEN FILM FLOWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, Stuart

    then transports it away. To assess the impact of the drop on the velocity of the cleaning fluid, we have developed it is perturbed by a solid obstacle representing a very viscous drop. We find that at intermediate Reynolds number as in our daily life (Yeckel and Middleman, 1987), such as in a household dishwasher. In a full dishwasher

  1. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors and Walk...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Motors and Walk-in Coolers and Freezers to Save on Energy Bills and Reduce Carbon Pollution New Energy Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors and Walk-in Coolers and Freezers...

  2. Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Sanyo Electric Co. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  3. Hisense USA: Order (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with Hisense USA Corp. after finding Hisense USA had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Hisense USA Corp. failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. Peer Review Lab Inspection Form Safety Officer Hosting Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /freezer is used for cold storage of flammable liquids? Yes No N/A 19. Chemical containers are properly labeled

  6. Procedia Computer Science 10 (2012) 561 568 1877-0509 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    several types of equipment and devices in large-scale facilities, such as freezers, chillers, and backup

  7. Keeping Food Safe During an Emergency acteria are present all around us --on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cause food poisoning. At tem- peratures below freezing, most bacteria that cause food-borne illness- forters to keep cold in. A full free-standing freezer will stay at freezing temperatures about 2 days. For example, a freezer full of meat will not warm as quickly as a freezer full of bread. Keep the temperature

  8. CCEM Country Reports Richard Anderson, John Lloyd, Sophie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    by age - all facilities (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 13 Refrigerator/freezer models #12;District Vaccine Stores (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 14 Refrigerator/freezer models #12;Health Posts and Dispensaries (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 15 Refrigerator/freezer models #12;Equipment by Age group (all facilities) (C) 12

  9. CCEM Country Reports Richard Anderson, John Lloyd, Sophie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    - all facilities (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 13 Refrigerator/freezer models District Vaccine Stores (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 14 Refrigerator/freezer models Health Posts and Dispensaries (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 15 Refrigerator/freezer models Equipment by Age group (all facilities) (C) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop

  10. Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Todd

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Fuel-Efficient Cook Stove for Haiti A. Gadgil, K .Cookstove Dissemination in Haiti: Improving CollaborationW B T for Charcoal Stoves for Haiti," draft L B L Technical

  11. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galitsky, Christina

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Powder Coating. Good Practice Guide 260. Best Practiceand Stoving Ovens. Good Practice Guide 271. Bloss, D. , R.

  12. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 931954, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/931/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    for the brick and coke industries, as well as for coal- burning stoves and biofuel usage in the residential

  13. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    stove district heating heat pump air conditioner Table 2Heat Pump Percentage (%) Heat Pump Air Conditioner District

  14. Measurements of carbon monoxide mixing ratios in Houston using a compact high-power CW DFB-QCL-based QEPAS sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and water heaters, stoves and other gasoline pow- ered equipment used in households. Typically, CO levels of 0.5­5 ppm are expected in homes in the absence of high-efficiency heaters and stoves. In spaces where gas stoves/heaters are operated, the CO concentration can increase up to 30 ppm [6]. In this work

  15. Water Conservation Checklist for the Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Janie; Kellner, Bev

    2002-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    of water necessary to cook foods such as frozen vegetables and stews. You?ll preserve nutrients as well as save water. A tight-fitting lid on a pan saves water from boiling away and also cooks food faster, thereby using less energy. Plan more one-dish meals... Checklist for the Home DISHWASHING Cut down on the number of utensils used in food preparation, and on the plates and glassware used with meals. This will save on dishwashing water used to clean them. Wash only full loads of dishes in dishwasher. A...

  16. EA-1662: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers)

  17. Felix Storch: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/04/0613)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Felix Storch, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential dishwashers, clothes washers and dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  18. ASKO Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-04/0614)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that ASKO Appliances, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential dishwashers and clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea Washing Appliances Mfg. Co., Ltd. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable water and energy conservation standards.

  20. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , dishwashing machine and water heater. Stop operating until power is restored. Write down the time of onset Lesson 3 Fire 4 Lesson 4 Water service disruption or contamination 5 Lesson 5 Biological tampering

  1. Whirlpool: ENERGY STAR Referral (ASD2524VE)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred the matter of Whirlpool's Amana-brand dishwasher model ASD2524VE to the EPA for appropriate action after DOE testing showed that the model does not meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

  2. Appliance remanufacturing and life cycle energy and economic savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boustani, Avid

    In this paper we evaluate the energy and economic consequences of appliance remanufacturing relative to purchasing new. The appliances presented in this report constitute major residential appliances: refrigerator, dishwasher, ...

  3. Ingush Grammar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Johanna

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    window. PL + D.wash. PPL . NZ ) 'fly swatter', lit. 'flyPL + D.destroy-D. CS *. PPL . NZ ) 'dishwasher' (machine) (dish. PL + clean-J. VZ . PPL . NZ ) 'toothpick' (tooth. PL .

  4. Smeg USA: Order (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Smeg USA, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Smeg USA had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers and refrigerators comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smeg USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers and refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Articulated pose estimation via over-parametrization and noise projection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Jonathan David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Outside the factory, robots will often encounter mechanical systems with which they need to interact. The robot may need to open and unload a kitchen dishwasher or move around heavy construction equipment. Many of the ...

  7. California DREAMing: the design of residential demand responsive technology with people in mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peffer, Therese E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    household  energy  consumption  Energy consumption  from the top  consuming appliances  Current  price of  electricity electricity Approximate price per load (i.e. , for dishwasher, clothes washer) Total household

  8. Exergy Optimized Wastewater Heat Recovery: Minimizing Losses and Maximizing Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meggers, F.

    Renewable Energies Laboratories (NREL). The data was produced from the engine based on daily usage profiles for showers, bathes, sinks, laundry, and dishwashers end-uses (Hendron, 2007). Random usage data was generated at 6-minute intervals for each end... Renewable Energies Laboratories (NREL). The data was produced from the engine based on daily usage profiles for showers, bathes, sinks, laundry, and dishwashers end-uses (Hendron, 2007). Random usage data was generated at 6-minute intervals for each end...

  9. U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Correction for Rulemaking Regarding the Energy Conservation Standards for Walk in Coolers and Freezers (1904- AB86) EERE- Buildings Technology Program Nationwide On June 3, 2014...

  10. Whirlpool: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-1420) | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    finding that refrigerator-freezer basic model 8TAR81 does not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the product was noncompliant based on DOE testing....

  11. Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I [] c== l-~~-~ Energy Conservation Checklist and BuildingFREEZERS Some important energy conservation principles thatEnergy Management and Energy Conservation Practices for the

  12. Danby Products: Order (2012-CE-1415) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    that certain models of refrigerators and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement...

  13. ADVANCED COATINGS LAB EQUIPMENT & TESTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Exposure Testing, Filiform Corrosion · Ovens · Low Temperature Freezer · Thermal Cyclic Chamber · Solar and conical · Adhesion Test Kits · Water Immersion Bath · Dry Film Thickness ­ Magnetic Induction, Eddy

  14. Revised July 2008 4-H Food Preservation Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    , tomato) Pressure Canning (meat, poultry, fish, vegetable, tomato) Drying (fruit, vegetable, meat, herbs sugar, freezer) Freezing (fruit, vegetable, meal, main dish) New Skills I Learned in Food Preservation

  15. ENERGY ANALYSIS PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Freezers Clothes dryers Water heaters Electric Gas Room airRefrigerators and Water Heaters, May 1977; and S. Talbert,Gas-Fired Furnaces and Water Heaters," ASHRAE Transactions,

  16. Pax Global: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1413)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and Pax Global, Inc., entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  17. Felix Storch: Data Request/Warning (2010-SCE-0111)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE requested test data from Felix Storch for several models of refrigerators and freezers and issued a warning of inconsistent information provided in Felix Storch's certification reports.

  18. Clark Public Utilities- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clark Public Utilities offers several energy incentives for residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of their homes. Rebates are offered for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers,...

  19. McMinnville Water and Light- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    McMinnville Water and Light (MWL) offers rebates on energy efficient homes, appliances and equipment to residential customers. Rebates are valid on refrigerators, freezers, clothes washer,...

  20. Orange and Rockland Utilities (Electric)- Residential Appliance Recycling Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Orange and Rockland Utilities provides rebates for residential customers for recycling older, inefficient refrigerators and freezers. All appliances must meet the program requirements listed on the...

  1. Golden Opportunity: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1418)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and Golden Opportunity, Inc. entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  2. accident prevention manual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wu, Mingshen 9 Chest--Manual Defrost Models Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: old refrigerator or freezer, please follow the instructions below to help prevent accidents....

  3. airfoil section equipped: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 Freezer floors 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o. 23 Refrigerator doors 0 0 0 0 0 0COLD STORAGE DESIGN AND...

  4. Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Danby Products, Inc. failed to certify refrigerators and freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  5. Haier: Compromise Agreement (2011-SE-1408)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and Haier America Trading, L.L.C., entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  6. Whirlpool: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1420)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Whirlpool Corporation manufactured and distributed noncompliant refrigerator-freezers in the U.S.

  7. Missouri River Energy Services (23 Member Cooperatives)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rebates are offered for a variety of efficient technologies and measures including:  HVAC, lighting, appliances, geothermal heat pumps, dehumidifiers and refrigerator/freezer recycling.  Rebates ...

  8. Orange and Rockland Utilities (Electric)- Residential Efficiency Program (New York)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Orange and Rockland Utilities provides rebates for residential customers for recycling older, inefficient refrigerators and freezers. All appliances must meet the program requirements listed on the...

  9. U.S. District Court Upholds DOE's Action Against LG to Enforce...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Columbia upheld the Department of Energy's decision to remove the ENERGY STAR label from certain inefficient LG refrigerator-freezer models. As part of its expanded...

  10. Department of Energy Announces Steps to Strengthen Enforcement...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    new Administration, DOE initiated investigations of alleged violations against both an air conditioner manufacturer and a freezer manufacturer. Both investigations are expected...

  11. CE: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1429)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and CE North America entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  12. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL GAS USE AND CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    people sharing a gas water heater or stove. All of thesefuel are inefficient as water heaters during summer monthsbetween central water heaters, the kind most common in North

  13. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heating Efficiency Efficiency Boiler Small Cogen ElectricHeating Technologies and Efficiency District Heating BoilerBoiler Small Cogen Electric Heater Stove Heat Pump Efficiency

  14. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficiency) Scenario: Ref Region: All Regions Boiler GasEfficiencies End Use Technology District Heating Boiler GasCogen Boiler Stove Heat Pump Figure 48 Example of Efficiency

  15. Introduction to Foods and Nutrition Lab (1 credit) Spring 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    evaluation. Be sure to clean up any spills on the stove or in the oven. Empty sink strainer; clean and dry

  16. Climate Change Mitigation: Climate, Health, and Equity Implications of the Visible and the Hidden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shonkoff, Seth Berrin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    stove reduces non-renewable biomass (NRB) fuel use below thethe fraction of non-renewable biomass consumed in thethe consumption of non-renewable biomass. Therefore,

  17. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and economic benefits of energy efficiency. Task 2 is to replace inefficient heating systems in three of the buildings with higher efficiency furnaces and stoves...

  18. The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal Heat Pump Room AC Heat Pump Stove Electric Heater Small Cogen Gas Boiler Boiler District Heating Fig.4 Space Cooling

  19. Engineering for the Global Poor: The Role of Intellectual Property

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booker, Kayje M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and development agreement (CRADA), a boilerplate contractas liability. One piece of the CRADA between LBL and Worldof the Berkeley-Darfur Stove. The CRADA licensing agreement

  20. Clean energy funds: An overview of state support for renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Milford, Lew; Stoddard, Michael; Porter, Kevin

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heating Off-grid wind: residential, rural, commercial, industrial Biomass: clean wood stoves, waste wood burning, paper pellets as fuel, and biogas

  1. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airrespectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while inaddition to the existing district heating system in northern

  2. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pump Central AC Roomin heat delivery (district heating), heat management (poorInstalled Capacity) District Heating Boiler Gas Boiler Small

  3. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    respectively, followed by district heating of 22%, while ingas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump airsupplied through district heating system that does not have

  4. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Warner, Sven. 2007. "District Heating Possibilities withinWarner, Sven. 2007. "District Heating Possibilities withingas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump air

  5. Nomadic and domestic: dwelling on the edge of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Joel Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    what allows the house to store both passive solar energy andhouse, 129   Figure 23: Integrating the stove and pishin wall, 133   Figure 24: Glazing permits passive

  6. Energy Use in China: Sectoral Trends and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal Heat Pump Central AC by NG electric water heaterwater heating Technologies Electric heater gas boiler boiler small cogen stove district heating heat pump

  7. Ethiopia-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (like solar lighting devices and solar home systems, institutional cook stoves, solar water heaters, biomass briquetting technologies, sustainably-produced charcoal) has been...

  8. What You Need to Know About the Extended Federal Tax Credits...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    product categories. Biomass stoves HVAC systems Insulation Roofing (metal & asphalt) Water heaters (non-solar) Windows and doors. The products above must be installed in an...

  9. Data:A0ff17dc-06a9-4ffb-9ea6-5164d21e84f3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    solely with an electric resistant heat system, with the exception of fireplaces and coalwood burning stoves. Hot water is produced by another fuel source. If your account is...

  10. Data:3c8d31b4-a734-4462-96da-c324cf2b118b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    solely with an electric resistant heat system, with the exception of fireplaces and coalwood burning stoves. Hot water is produced by another fuel source. If your account is...

  11. Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and tidal estuaries with bottom types ranging from soft mud to hard sand and rock. The Laboratory has grown research laboratories, an experimental shell- fish hatchery, administrative offices, a combined library freezer, and quick freezer. The library is limited to publications that have a direct bearing on current

  12. Common Lab Equipment (Grouped by Room) 9-30-09 Instrument Company Model Room

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Water purifier,ultrapure Barnstead Nanopure 201 Vacuum pump Welch 202501 201 Fume Hood Fisher SafeAire Microm HM 500 201 Biosafety cabinet Baker SG-403 201 Fume Hood (2) Fisher SafeAire 201 Laminar Flow hood freezer (2) SoLow U85-22 201 Ultralow freezer Revco Ultima II 201 Water purifier Barnstead B-Pure 201

  13. Flexible Loads in Future Energy Networks Jay Taneja, Ken Lutz, and David Culler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culler, David E.

    electrical loads in the form of a domestic refrigerator augmented with a thermal storage system and a supply re- sults show that with 10% penetration of thermal storage across refrigeration and freezer load. These types of loads, primarily refrigeration and freezer systems but also electric vehicles or rooftop ice

  14. SIAM J. MATH. ANAL. c 2009 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 41, No. 5, pp. 18511873

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krejcí, Pavel

    the density 1 of water, experiments--for instance, the freezing of a glass bottle filled with water­1873 A BOTTLE IN A FREEZER PAVEL KREJC´I, ELISABETTA ROCCA, AND J¨URGEN SPREKELS§ Abstract. We propose here a model for solidification of the liquid content of an elastic bottle in a freezer. The main goal

  15. Use of Residential Smart Appliances for Peak-Load Shifting and Spinning Reserves Cost/Benefit Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Robert G.; Srivastava, Viraj; Li, Shun

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we present the results of an analytical cost/benefit study of residential smart appliances from a utility/grid perspective in support of a joint stakeholder petition to the ENERGY STAR program within the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Energy (DOE). The goal of the petition is in part to provide appliance manufacturers incentives to hasten the production of smart appliances. The underlying hypothesis is that smart appliances can play a critical role in addressing some of the societal challenges, such as anthropogenic global warming, associated with increased electricity demand, and facilitate increased penetration of renewable sources of power. The appliances we consider include refrigerator/freezers, clothes washers, clothes dryers, room air-conditioners, and dishwashers. The petition requests the recognition that providing an appliance with smart grid capability, i.e., products that meet the definition of a smart appliance, is at least equivalent to a corresponding five percent in operational machine efficiencies. It is then expected that given sufficient incentives and value propositions, and suitable automation capabilities built into smart appliances, residential consumers will be adopting these smart appliances and will be willing participants in addressing the aforementioned societal challenges by more effectively managing their home electricity consumption. The analytical model we utilize in our cost/benefit analysis consists of a set of user-definable assumptions such as the definition of on-peak (hours of day, days of week, months of year), the expected percentage of normal consumer electricity consumption (also referred to as appliance loads) that can shifted from peak hours to off-peak hours, the average power rating of each appliance, etc. Based on these assumptions, we then formulate what the wholesale grid operating-cost savings, or benefits, would be if the smart capabilities of appliances were invoked, and some percentage of appliance loads were shifted away from peak hours to run during off-peak hours, and appliance loads served power-system balancing needs such as spinning reserves that would otherwise have to be provided by generators. The rationale is that appliance loads can be curtailed for about ten minutes or less in response to a grid contingency without any diminution in the quality of service to the consumer. We then estimate the wholesale grid operating-cost savings based on historical wholesale-market clearing prices (location marginal and spinning reserve) from major wholesale power markets in the United States. The savings derived from the smart grid capabilities of an appliance are then compared to the savings derived from a five percent increase in traditional operational machine efficiencies, referred to as cost in this report, to determine whether the savings in grid operating costs (benefits) are at least as high as or higher than the operational machine efficiency credit (cost).

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,18.8,5,2.3,2.7,13.8,6.7,4.4,2.7 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.3,0.1,"Q","Q",0.2,0.1,"Q","Q" "Do Not...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Use a Separate Wall Oven",100.1,23.6,16.3,4.2,3.5,2.1,6.5,7.2,2,3.6,1.6 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.3,0.3,"Q","Q","Q","Q",0.1,0,"Q","Q" "Do...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Separate Wall Oven",100.1,20.5,6.8,3.5,1.6,1.9,3.3,1.9,1.4,13.7,9.6,4.1 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.4,"Q","Q","Q","N","Q","Q","Q",0.3,0.2,0....

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wall Oven",100.1,37.2,20,2.6,3,6.2,3.1,5,6.3,2.2,4.2,10.9,7.2,3.7 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",1.5,0.5,0.3,"Q","Q",0.1,"Q","Q","Q","N","Q",0....

  20. Efficient Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisen, Michael

    Efficient Cookstoves for Darfur, Ethiopia Billions of people around the world cook their meals Vision to adapt the stove for use in Ethiopia, which has experienced severe deforestation. About 80 not only to create a more ef cient stove speci c for use in Ethiopia, but to nance the project by selling

  1. N R V M A G A Z I N E September/October 20121 0 t's tailgate time in Blacksburg a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chang

    heater. The toilet and the cold water are still operational, but the propane tank has been removed, so came a propane tank to provide fuel for the stove and a small hot water heat- er and a battery, and the exterior was modified to allow hookups for power and water as well as ports for venting the stove and water

  2. REMINISCENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    used when the department became a college in 1964. The barracks was equipped with ancient coal stoves the stoves with coal dust between classes. The wind which entered the building through cracks in the floor of New Mexico A and M and that during much of this period would be housed in barracks moved to the campus

  3. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    stoves depending on their energy efficiency. However, the biomass that is usable in pyrolytic cook stoves 14853, USA b University of South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia c World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), Nairobi, fuel, building materials and animal feed. In 2002, biomass also supplied 69% of the total energy used

  4. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11731187, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/1173/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    emissions in the Indo-Gangetic Plains and large scale atmospheric solar absorption P. S. Praveen1, T. Ahmed1 of black carbon (BC) from traditional biomass burning cook stoves in a rural village located in the Indo that elimination of cook stove smoke emissions through clean cooking technologies will likely have a major positive

  5. Taking out 1 billion tons of CO2: The magic of China's 11th Five-Year Plan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat Pump Centralized AC by NG Electric water heater Gasheater gas boiler boiler stove district heating heat pump conditioner Air conditioning Lighting Cooking and waterWater heating Technologies Electric heater Gas boiler Boiler Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pump

  6. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti Part 1: Results from the Water Boiling Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booker, Kayje; Han, Tae Won; Granderson, Jessica; Jones, Jennifer; Lsk, Kathleen; Yang, Nina; Gadgil, Ashok

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2010, a team of scientists and engineers from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) and UC Berkeley, with support from the Darfur Stoves Project (DSP), undertook a fact-finding mission to Haiti in order to assess needs and opportunities for cookstove intervention. Based on data collected from informal interviews with Haitians and NGOs, the team, Scott Sadlon, Robert Cheng, and Kayje Booker, identified and recommended stove testing and comparison as a high priority need that could be filled by LBNL. In response to that recommendation, five charcoal stoves were tested at the LBNL stove testing facility using a modified form of version 3 of the Shell Foundation Household Energy Project Water Boiling Test (WBT). The original protocol is available online. Stoves were tested for time to boil, thermal efficiency, specific fuel consumption, and emissions of CO, CO{sub 2}, and the ratio of CO/CO{sub 2}. In addition, Haitian user feedback and field observations over a subset of the stoves were combined with the experiences of the laboratory testing technicians to evaluate the usability of the stoves and their appropriateness for Haitian cooking. The laboratory results from emissions and efficiency testing and conclusions regarding usability of the stoves are presented in this report.

  7. Emergency Food and Water Supplies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    1 day. An appliance thermometer can help monitor the inside freezer tem per a- ture. Use of dry ice. Dry ice can be used to help maintain adequate freezer temperature if the power is out for more than one day. Use these precautions when using... dry ice. Use 3 pounds dry ice per cubic foot of freezer space. Avoid direct contact of dry ice with skin. Dry ice will burn skin and is not for consumption. Wrap dry ice in brown paper for longer storage and separate it from food with a piece...

  8. A MultiAgent System for Intelligent Environment Control \\Lambda Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoqin

    .S. Government. #12; Figure 1: IHome Agents in Action 2 #12; includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, CoffeeMaker, Heater, A/C, DishWasher, etc., and a robot for fetching items and moving physical goods from actions based on the occupant's preferences and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water

  9. A Multi-Agent System for Intelligent Environment Control Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    : IHome Agents in Action 2 #12;includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Co eeMaker, Heater, A's preferences and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to wait until hot water becomes available. Agents coordinate over shared resources like noise

  10. The Intelligent Home Testbed \\Lambda Victor Lesser, Michael Atighetchi, Brett Benyo, Bryan Horling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    . The IHome pop­ ulation set includes agents like an intelligent WaterHeater, Cof­ feeMaker, Heater, A/C, Dish and the availability of resources. For example, if hot water is scarce, the DishWasher agent may elect to run a cold hot water becomes available. Agents coordinate over shared resources like noise, electricity

  11. K. Lyons, J. Hightower, and E.M. Huang (Eds.): Pervasive 2011, LNCS 6696, pp. 5069, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fogarty, James A.

    a water heater drain valve). The pressure transients are also highlighted and colored according to fixture. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 A Longitudinal Study of Pressure Sensing to Infer Real-World Water real-world water usage events in the home (e.g., dishwasher, upstairs bathroom sink, downstairs toilet

  12. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Dishwashers · Room Air Conditioners The closure of the rebate offer period for these appliance categories, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Units until an official closure notice for those two categories the replacement of inefficient residential appliances with new energy efficient residential appliances

  13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Dishwashers · Room Air Conditioners Ending the rebate offer period for these appliance categories, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Units until an official closure notice is issued by the Committee. #12;The Program for California that provides rebates to encourage the replacement of inefficient residential

  14. Ernie Davis, Graham Dining Center eliminate trays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Ramesh

    energy is used to run and heat the dishwashers and sinks. But the sustainability of not using dining, a sophomore English and anthropology dual-major. "But it's nice that I stop eating so I don't eat as much. Metzman also noted that SU can do other things to conserve energy rather than going trayless. "From

  15. Michael Cooney, a researcher with the UH Manoa Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, in his lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King Founder & Owner Pacific Biodiesel Technologies, LLC. 808.877.3144 info@biodiesel.com Renewable at Manoa are working with Maui based company Pacific Biodiesel to develop a way to make water from Biodiesel Technologies, LLC. Wastewater from dishwashing and cleaning kitchens would clog sewer lines

  16. Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water. Run your washing machine and dishwasher only instead and save gallons every time. For cold drinks keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead

  17. Building Simulation Modelers Are we big data ready?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    · Plugs · Lights · Range · Washer · Radiated heat · Dryer · Refrigerator · Dishwasher · Heat pump air flow buildings during the development process. Fleet of Residential `Test Buildings' Two Light Commercial `Test Buildings' #12;7 Real demonstration facilities Residential homes 2800 ft2 residence 269 sensors @ 15-minutes

  18. www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    of water-using appliances like water heaters, washing machines, and dishwashers. Private water sources water can react with minerals and metals that it comes in contact with to "corrode" or dissolve them. Corrosive water is often called "aggressive" water. While consuming corrosive or aggressive water

  19. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    savings come primarily from commercial and industrial equipment and residential water heaters. · Savings Ballasts Water Heaters Small Electric Motors Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Clothes Dryers Clothes Incandescent Reflector Lamps Direct Heating Equipment Pool Heaters Clothes Washers, Commercial Dishwashers

  20. Ontario Hydro Motor Efficiency Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dautovich, D. R.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric motors consume more than one-half of the electrical energy produced by Ontario Hydro. In the residential sector, the major motor load is for refrigerators and freezers while packaged equipment dominate the motor load in the commercial...

  1. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document. 2014-05-08 Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Final Rule More Documents &...

  2. CX-008013: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Categorical Exclusion Determination "Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for New Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Walk-in Freezers CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date:...

  3. Maximum cooling temperature and uniform efficiency criterion for inhomogeneous thermoelectric materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hongyun

    electronic circuits, and microscale low power freezers for biological single cell storage. Since 1990s, nano materials due to the distributed Peltier cooling compensating for the internal Joule heating.7,8 Essentially

  4. Metl-Span: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5352)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Metl-Span LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. Bocconea 7 -1997 219 Some lessons drawn from twelve years of dynamic management of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of these collections are maintained in the form of seed samples, kept in cold storage, in genebanks, e.g. those managed are protected in cold storage rooms or freezers, parasites evolve and the climate may change. These resources

  6. Central Storage for Unsealed Radioactive Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Central Storage for Unsealed Radioactive Materials Radiation Safety Form PERMIT HOLDER NAME:______________________________ PHONE #: ____________________________ ADDRESS/DEPT.: _______________________________ Storage Location: Refrigerator Freezer Dry Storage List each item being transferred to storage separately: EH&S LAB WIPE SURVEY

  7. IH Report #04-010 April 2004 Water Damage Response (Mold Prevention)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , discard books and papers Photocopy important/valuable items, discard originals or Freeze in frost-free freezer or meat locker and consult with a restoration/water damage professional. Carpet and backing ­ dry

  8. Kold Pack: Order (2013-CE-5323)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Kold Pack, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kold Pack had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  9. Kold Pack: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5323)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kold Pack, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  10. Simulation Models for Improved Water Heating Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Jim

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Simulation of a Smart Water Heater. ” In Workshop inFreezers, Furnaces, Water Heaters, Room and Central AirNovember. ADL. 1982b. Water Heater Computer Model User’s

  11. CNA: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1430)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and CNA International, Inc., d/b/a MC Appliance Corp. entered into a Compromise Agreement to resolve a case involving the distribution in commerce of noncompliant freezers.

  12. Memorandum from VP Technical Services, Association of Home Appliance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in the public docket. The issues discussed during the call included (1) an update on ice maker energy into the refrigerator (2) freezer test procedure and (3) questions on the...

  13. 2013-2014 COOPERATIVES LEASE REGULATIONS Cooperatives Collective, University of California, Davis Student Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Brian

    dryers or air conditioners. The Resident agrees to exercise reasonable care in his or her use be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any furniture, freezers, clothes washers, clothes

  14. 2014-2015 COOPERATIVES LEASE REGULATIONS Cooperatives Collective, University of California, Davis Student Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    dryers or air conditioners. The Resident agrees to exercise reasonable care in his or her use be responsible for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any furniture, freezers, clothes washers, clothes

  15. 612 | VOL.8 NO.8 | AUGUST 2011 | nature methods correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemicals Container sizeContainer type Container locationPreparation Container a b Enter search term: ExactFreezer. After entering a query at the reagent search page, reagents matching the query are displayed with links

  16. Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Anthony International failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  17. Anthony International: Order (2013-CE-5357)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Anthony International to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Anthony International had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  18. Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that R-Cold, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. Field Demonstration of High Efficiency Ultra-Low-Temperature...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ultra-low temperature laboratory freezers (ULTs) are some of the most energy-intensive pieces of equipment in a scientific research laboratory, yet there are several barriers to...

  1. Comments on Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Alternative...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-TP-0024...

  2. Microsoft Word - Bally Comments on Supplemental Notice of Proposed...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-TP-0024...

  3. FOOD SAFETY INFOSHEET: BE READY FOR STORMS If the power goes out what

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    (without cream or custard), cookies and muffins and certain hard cheeses. Keep the refrigerator and freezer thermometer ready to check foods. · have items that don't require refrigeration and can be eaten cold

  4. Amerikooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5307)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Amerikooler, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer (WICF) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  5. automated dna sequence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  6. anonymous dna sequences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  7. automated dna sequencing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  8. ancient dna sequences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ethanol and Na-acetate. Place the tubes in the -20 freezer overnight. (2 tubes sit in the refrigerator overnight to allow the DNA to go into solution. (8) Measure concentration...

  9. TMP: Order (2013-CE-5334)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered TMP Manufacturing Company, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding TMP had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  10. Robotics and Energy Usage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hershey, R. L.; Fenton, S. E.; Letzt, A. M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in St. Louis (62 welding robots) and Franklin Manufacturing Company in St. Cloud, Minnesota (4 spray painting robots used in freezer manufacture), We also examined data on energy effects of robots from John Deere, caterpillar, and GM Guide Division...

  11. Danby Products: Order (2012-CE-1415)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Danby Products to pay a $9,900 civil penalty after finding Danby had failed to certify that certain models of refrigerators and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

  12. American Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that American Cooler Technologies failed to certify walk-in coolers and freezer (WICF) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  13. USA Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered USA Manufacturing to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding USA Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  14. USA Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that USA Manufacturing failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  15. Nostalgia Products: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-14017)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Nostalgia Products Group, LLC failed to certify a variety of consumer refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Drying Foods at Home Safely Drying Herbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    jars, freezer bags, and airtight plastic containers. Like other foods dried at home, dried herbs in an airtight container and store in a cool, dry, and dark place. Recommended containers include glass canning

  17. Samsung: ENERGY STAR Referral (RF26VAB)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred the matter of Samsung refrigerator-freezer model RF26VAB to the EPA for appropriate action after DOE testing showed that the model does not meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

  18. DOE Announces Additional Energy Efficiency Enforcement Action...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Confusion Resolved EPA, DOE Announce New Steps to Strengthen ENERGY STAR Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models...

  19. Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG...

  20. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    source electric heat-pump water heater is 2.2 9 or greater,other than Heat Pumps Electric Water Heaters FreezersGeothermal Heat Pumps Solar Water Heaters Electric Heat

  1. Safe Home Food Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Laanen, Peggy

    2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Proper food storage can preserve food quality and prevent spoilage and food/borne illness. The specifics of pantry, refrigerator and freezer storage are given, along with helpful information on new packaging, label dates, etc. A comprehensive table...

  2. Cospolich Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5314)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Cospolich Refrigerator had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  3. Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Commercial Refrigerator Door: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5351)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Refrigerator Door Company, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  7. Refrigerator Manufacturers: Order (2013-CE-5341)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Refrigerator Manufacturers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  8. Cospolich Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5314)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  9. Storage and Diseases of the Sweet Potato in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, B. (Bonney)

    1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the building from rain or snow. The ,, ening into tlle cupoia is con- trolled by means of doors in the ceiling of tl~e house (Fig. 16). FLUE AND STOVE. Another distinct and important fcature of this house is the ~~LIIUU of heating and air circulation, which... ;s acacomplished by means of a stove and flue (Figs. 12, 15, 20, 33). This is rea!ly an adaptation from the modern system of heati~g schoolhouses. TLs features of this eys- tem of heating is an opening under the stove, throngh which the out- door...

  10. Cookstoves for the developing world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kammen, D.M. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional wood, charcoal and coal stoves are used in hundreds of millions of homes. Their design can have a dramatic effcect on energy usage, the environment and community health. Over the past decade government programs, development assistance groups and community-based organizers have undertaken a thorough review of the requirements for successful dissemination of cookstove technology. A new generation of stove programs is now implementing these hard-won lessons. This effort encompasses everything from an examination of stove thermodynamics and materials science to market research and grass-roots educational campaigns. This paper looks at cookstoves in Kenya and programms in China and India. 3 refs.

  11. Hydrophilic structures for condensation management in refrigerator appliances

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuehl, Steven John; Vonderhaar, John J; Wu, Guolian; Wu, Mianxue

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment having a freezer compartment door, and a refrigeration compartment having at least one refrigeration compartment door. The appliance further includes a mullion with an exterior surface. The mullion divides the compartments and the exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point. The appliance may also include a cabinet that houses the compartments and has two sides, each with an exterior surface. Further, at least one exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point.

  12. Characteristics of pine needle combustion in a semi-gasifier burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Liane Jessica

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The motivation behind this report was to develop a stronger understanding of pine needle combustion behavior in a semi-gasifier, in order to ultimately design an effective pine needle cook stove for people in the developing ...

  13. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  14. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Resources of China. Washington D.C. , U.S.U.S. Department of Energy. A-4 China Energy Databook EnergyImproved Biomass Stoves in China: How Was It Done? E W C / E

  15. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: INDICATORS OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE AND EFFICIENCY PART ONE: THE DATA BASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    large stoves, hot water heaters, and portable or centralor from autonomous water heaters. For oil and gas these twofor gas and electric water heaters are from INSEE survey of

  16. Assessment of Dioxin-Like Soil Contamination in Mexico by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    , crude oil or wood; (5) industrial combustion plants; (6) small combustion units (i.e., domestic stoves been produced intentionally, but are unwanted toxic byproducts of many industrial and combustion

  17. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  18. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the purpose of heating, cooling or electric supply." It excludes "those parts of heating, cooling or electric supply system that would be required regardless of the energy source being utilized." Wood stoves do

  19. Denatured Alcohol MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    lights, and turn off stoves, heaters, electric motors and all other sources of ignition during use damage, and death. No data available. Signs and Symptoms Of Exposure Diseases of the liver. Medical

  20. Multidisciplinary Capstone Design Projects College of Engineering School of Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    charcoal kiln), Climate Healers (Rajasthan, India ­ Solar energy storage cooks stove), Seedr L3C (Cold net energy solar health care clinics and regional vaccine stores), S2O (South Africa ­ Community

  1. Optimierte Integration von Heizkesseln in solarthermische Kombisystemen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for wood pellet boilers and stoves, In: Applied Energy 86(5), Elsevier Science Ltd., 2008 * Haller, M validation to production of reference simulations: how to increase reliability and applicability of building

  2. Chapter 2 1892 -1900 Brigham Young University -Founder's Day -1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    17, 1900, when he left to lead an exploring expedition to Mexico and South America. George H). Janitors and firemen were hired to do the actual work of cleaning of rooms and firing the many coal stoves

  3. 215 Euston Road London NW1 2BE UK T +44 (0)20 7611 8888 F +44 (0)20 7611 8545 E contact@wellcome.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    or bringing in more energy-efficient and low-CO2-emitting private vehicles. And we found again very of much more energy-efficient cook stoves, and this would have marked benefits on public health in India

  4. INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopelain, D.G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the price of home heating oil may also be obtained byincluding kerosene, home heating oil, range oil, stove oil,to most marketers of home heating oil. Consequently, during

  5. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuels (biogas or LPG) for cooking and heating, and promotionBiogas and LPG stoves 0 and 20 years 3.3.8 Main heating and11.2%), and biogas (1.9%). We created a heating fuel

  6. Meal Preparation and Food Safety During and After a Flood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    temperature water. Air dry before opening. Or you can sanitize dishes, glassware, metal pans and utensils. s Hand can opener. s Battery-powered radio. s Extra batteries. s Camp stove or other emergency cooking

  7. Afterlives of an accidental masterpiece: Karin Sanders: Bodies in the bog and the archaeological imagination. University of Chicago Press, 2009, 344 p, US$37.50 HB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gere, Cathy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of 1950, two brothers cutting peat for their stove near thewere occasionally found by peat-diggers, showed up at theleather cap. A lump of peat was removed from the back of his

  8. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2: Results from the Controlled Cooking Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lask, Kathleen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2 A ppendix C: Emissionsfrom cooking practices in Haiti (see Section 2.4 for theof Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2 Appendix B: Stove

  9. Cooking When the Power Goes Off

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    After a storm has knocked out utility services, cooking can be a problem or even hazardous if basic safety measures are not taken. This publication explains how to cook safely using charcoal or gas grills, camp stoves or wood fires....

  10. Improved chulo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gautama, K.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and advantages of a fuel-efficient firewood stove built by the Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology, Kirtipur, Nepal are discussed. A step-by-step construction outline is also included.

  11. Save Energy With A Picnic! | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and unplugged. You'll save energy and money by turning off the stove, oven, lamps, and air conditioner (and probably the television, too). Walking or biking to your picnic and...

  12. O R E G O N S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y E x t e n s i o n S e r v i c e FOOD STORAGE FOR EMERGENCIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    O R E G O N S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y E x t e n s i o n S e r v i c e FOOD STORAGE outages. Do you have a wood stove, gas or charcoal barbecue, propane camp stoves, or cookers? You can or propane indoors. The fumes can be very toxic. After you know your resources, then decide how much

  13. Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezzati, M.; Mbinda, B.M.; Kammen, D.M.

    2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Suspended particulate matter and carbon emissions from the combustion of biomass, in addition to their environmental consequences, have been causally associated with the incidence of respiratory and eye infections. Improved stoves offer the potential for emissions reduction. The authors compare the emissions of suspended particulate matter and carbon monoxide from traditional and improved biofuel stoves in Kenya under the actual conditions of household use. Data for analysis is from 137 14-h days of continuous real-time emission concentration monitoring in a total of 38 households. Their analysis shows that improved (ceramic) wood-burning stoves reduce daily average suspended particulate matter concentration by 48% during the active burning period and by 77% during the smoldering phase. Ceramic stoves also reduce the median and the 75th and 95th percentiles of daily emission concentration during the burning period and the 95th percentile during the smoldering phase, and therefore shift the overall emission profile downward. Improved charcoal-burning stoves also offer reductions in indoor air pollution compared to the traditional metal stove, but these are not statistically significant. The greatest reduction in emission concentration is achieved as a result of transition from wood to charcoal where mean emission concentrations drop by 87% during the burning period and by 92% when smoldering as well as large reductions in the median and 75th and 95th percentiles. These results indicate that transition to charcoal, followed by the use of improved wood stoves, are viable options for reduction of human exposure to indoor air pollution in many developing nations.

  14. Energy-efficient water heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes how to reduce the amount of hot water used in faucets and showers, automatic dishwashers, and washing machines; how to increase water-heating system efficiency by lowering the water heater thermostat, installing a timer and heat traps, and insulating hot water pipes and the storage tank; and how to use off-peak power to heat water. A resource list for further information is included.

  15. Conservation and drought management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Calvin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conservation technologies are high e#19;ciency toilets, showerheads, washing machines and water heaters. Behavioral changes include turning the water o#27; except when rinsing while shaving and brushing teeth and pu#26;ing full loads in dishwashers...Fall 2012 tx H2O 5 Column by Dr. Calvin Finch, Water Conservation and Technology Center director Conservation and Drought Management WAT E R CONSERVATION & TECHNOLOGY CENTER Securing Our Water Future Water conservation and drought...

  16. Freezing Fish and Shellfish.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nickelson, Ranzell; Reddell, Annette

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dry, tough product as well as speed up the oxidation process. This also can be prevented by wrapping or glazing the product to prevent moisture from evaporating. Frost-free freezers can remove a con siderable amount of moisture from a product in a... may not be back to normal opera tion within 1 to 2 days, use dry ice to keep the temperature below freezing and to prevent spoilage of frozen seafgod. Fifty pounds of dry ice in a 20- cubic-foot home freezer should hold the tempera ture below...

  17. Yeast Breads: Made at Home.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Maeona; Harris, Jimmie Nell; Reasonover, Frances; Mason, Lousie

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thick. Turn each slice on its side slightly overlapping. Brush lightly with melted butter or margarine. Let rise. Bake at 350?F., 25 to 30 minutes. When cool, frost with powdered sugar icing orhutter icing, page 15, and sprinkle with chopped nuts... in moisture-vapor-resistant packaging ma terial and store in the freezer. Bread retains its freshness for 2 months in the freezer. Thaw in the wrapper at room temperature. Bread Faults and Their Causes IORLY SHAPED LOAF CRUST SPLITTING ON TOP OR SIDES 1...

  18. Eat More Pecans.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Karen

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    \\1\\111\\\\111\\11 \\11\\1 1\\11\\ 11111 11\\1\\\\111\\ 1\\111 11111 \\11\\1 \\1111 1\\11 11\\1 A14837697550 Freezing Pecans Package freshly shelled pecans in moisture-vapor-proof bags, freezer tin cans, freezer jars or plastic containers. Seal or close containers. Quick freeze... and marshmallows and refrigerate over night. \\take a dressing by combining egg, sugar and vinegar. Cook together until thick and smooth. CooL add to salad mixture; then add whipped cream. Place in refrigerator tray and freeze. Serve on lettuce with cherry...

  19. Wide Hybridization, Genomic, and Overwintering Characterization of High-Biomass Sorghum Spp. Feedstocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitmire, David Kyle

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The leaf 19 tissue used for DNA extraction was harvested from the youngest exposed leaf and was kept on ice until being stored in a -80°C freezer. At the time of extraction, the leaf material was removed from the -80°C freezer and 50-100 mg of leaf... chromosome regions and genes associated with disease resistance. Regions and/or genes relating to freezing tolerance in Medicago sativa L., alfalfa, and apomixis in Pennisetum cilare (L.) Link, bufflegrass, have been successfully identified using...

  20. Quick Meals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the freezer: Use the automatic timer to start food cook- * Store basic foods from which meals can be ing when you plan to be away from home. prepared. (Meats, vegetables and fruits.) Use a pressure saucepan to shorten cooking Freeze breads, pies, cakes... when the homemaker is away or for unexpected com- pany. Remember to allow for thawing time or freeze some foods that go directly from freezer to oven. SMALL EQUIPMENT Good knives are essential. Quality counts more than the number. Include a...

  1. Canoe* $16.00 $30.00 $44.00 Tent 4 person (Sierra Design, Kelty or ALPS) $6.00 $12.00 $19.00 Tandem kayak sit On top (Tribe 13.5)* $12.00 $20.00 $30.00 Tent 6 person (Sierra Design, Kelty or Eureka) $7.00 $14.00 $21.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    bag - 108L $5.00 $8.00 $13.00 Stove 2 burner (propane not included) $4.00 $8.00 $12.00 Dry storage bag and rack foams for transportation are also included on fees Cooler $2.00 $4.00 $6.00 Dry storage bag - Bill - XL (38L) & L (44L) $3.00 $5.00 $8.00 Stove 1 burner (propane not included) $3.00 $6.00 $9.00 Dry

  2. Development of Methods for Safe Processing of Home Canned Meat.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turk, R. D. (Richard Duncan); Cover, Sylvia; Kerns, A. H. (Albert Harrison)

    1943-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    100 minutes, with "flonling steam" 106 minutes. When steaming is done over a low flame on a gas or on a kerosene stove, the time required to obtain "flowing steam" may be as much as 2 or 3 hours. In such cases the time after "flowing steam" may... enough sealing I 1 I 1 Kerosene stow 22 Low gas flame 1 2 Time in hours 9 1 Tine in hours Chart 4. Heat penetration curves for Wo. 1 cans during heating before seallng kerosene stove and over low gas flame. 10 BULLETIN NO. 6.35, TEXAS...

  3. Metl-Span: Order (2013-CE-5352)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Metl-Span LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Metl-Span had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    These Foods? FOOD Breads Cereals, dry milk, flour, spices, sugar Fats, oils, peanut butter, margarine Fish milk Cheese, hard Cheese,cottage Fresh fruit STORAGE Original wrapper in the freezer. Tightly closed loosely and refrigerate. In tightly covered container after quickly cooling. Refrigerate promptly. Tightly

  5. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cool promptly in cold water. Drain. Pack Pack into airtight freezer containers, leaving no head space 1 10-3/4 ounce can cream of mushroom soup : 10-.3/4 ounce can cream of celery soup 13/4 cups milk 3

  6. Ten Tips for Responsible Hosting 1. Provide a relaxed environment for guests; soft lights, music and comfortable seating. Put guests at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    nectar, lemon juice, almond extract and cinnamon. Stir to blend. Add the seltzer water. Keep it cool milk 1 c. ice milk Ľ tsb. vanilla extract Ground nutmeg Peel & cut up a banana. Place in freezer container or bag; freeze till firm. In blender container, combine milk, ice milk, banana and vanilla extract

  7. Bread in a Bag Yield: 1 loaf Serving: 1/12 of loaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    flour 3 Tablespoons powdered milk 3 Tablespoons sugar 1 teaspoon salt 1 envelope or 1 Tablespoon rapid. Combine flour, whole wheat flour, yeast, sugar, salt and powdered milk in a one gallon resealable freezer minutes or until golden brown. (May take between 25 and 45 minutes to bake). 6. Remove from pan and cool

  8. Handling Paper Artifacts Preservation Do's and Don'ts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    documents designated for cold storage from cold storage more than once a year, since each removal counters the gains made by cold storage (like removing food from a freezer!). Do keep documents designated for cold storage in cold storage and use reformatted copies for general access BOOKS Don't pull a book out by its

  9. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Freezing. Put the food in the freezer so it is too cold for the microorganisms to grow. 3. Drying. Take water away from the food. · If you don't want to preserve the food through canning, freezing or drying such as meat, poultry, string beans, and corn in a pressure cooker. Make sure your pressure cooker is working

  10. Note: PMS 2725C HNI30 June 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cutting board for vegetables and keep corn away from raw meat and meat juices to avoid cross.msu.edu. Call toll-free 1-888-678-3464. How to preserve Freezing whole corn kernels Select ears with plump. Pack corn into freezer containers, leaving ˝ inch headspace. Seal, label, date and freeze the container

  11. Using, Storing and Preserving Michigan-grown turnips are available year round, with peak season

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    months in freezer. · To prevent cross-contamination, keep turnips away from raw meat and meat juices..........................30 minutes Quarts..................... 35 minutes Freezing Select small to medium, firm turnips promptly in cold water and drain. Pack into containers, leaving ˝ inch headspace. Seal, label and freeze

  12. Safe Food after a Tornado very county in Michigan has experienced at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for seasonal storms can help families prepare for the worst. Keep your freezer as full as possible by freez hours above 40 degrees F. s Meat, poultry, fish, eggs and egg substitutes -- raw or cooked. s Milk, cream, yogurt and soft cheese, shredded cheese. s Casseroles, stews or soups. s Lunch meats and hot dogs

  13. Copyright 2009, The Ohio State University Family and Consumer Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    isnotrecommendedbecausetinypiecesoffoilmay freeze to the food. Freeze and then pop the frozen cubes into labeled plastic bags to store. 7. Storage Times Food In Refrigerator In Freezer Fruits and vegetables 2 to 3 days 6to8months Meats or egg yolks 1 day 1to2months Meat and vegetable combinations 1 to 2 days 3to4months Ohio State University

  14. DERMATITIS IN TIlE FISH INDUSTRY Loms SCHWARTZI AND IRVING R. TABERSHAw2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , washed, and either dressed or filleted. Fillets are boneless strips of meat which are cut from the body of the fish. The fillets are washed, packaged, and placed in the freezer. After freezing they are then ready are cleaned and washed, they are cut into suitable sized pieces or the meat · Received for publication

  15. Grocery Shopping for One or Two With such a variety of foods to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    yields, unless it is a recipe that you like and it freezes well. You may want to invest in a vacuum, foods last longer in your freezer, and you can purchase foods that are on sale and freeze them the pre-pack- aged salads Buying Meat for Two (consider how many meals/side meals you would like to have

  16. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    microorganisms. 2. Freezing. Put the food in the freezer so it is too cold for the microorganisms to grow. 3. Drying. Take water away from the food. · If you don't want to preserve the food through canning, freezing can foods such as meat, poultry, string beans, and corn in a pressure cooker. Make sure your pressure

  17. School of Medicine Emergency Response Sheet A Quick Reference Guide for Emergency Situations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    coordinate response with Physical Plant, Dean's Office. Electrical Power Failure (emergency generators work should be: Bomb Threat Obtain as much information as possible ­ location of the device, when will it go-3731 (ITS). Electrical Power Failure (no emergency power) Access dry ice for freezers and refrigerators

  18. Ice Cream in a Bag Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Ice Cream in a Bag Ingredients: 1 tablespoon sugar 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract 2 tablespoons soft fruit 1/2 cup skim milk For the freezer bag; not to be eaten: 1/3 cup rock salt Ice cubes Directions 1. Open a gallon size plastic bag. Add rock salt and fill half way up with ice. Shake to mix the salt

  19. Updated May 22, 2014 Equipment Type Type of Service Requested Est Hrs Est $

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hrs 2 $110 Trouble shoot system problems - 2 hrs 2 $110 Minus 80 Freezer 6 month preventative maintenance - 1 hr 1 $55 Replace backup battery - 1 hr 1 $55 Replace compressor started relay - 2 hrs 2 $110 Replace door seal - 2 hrs 2 $110 Shut down - 1 hr 1 $55 Trouble shoot power supply problem - 3 hrs 3 $165

  20. Culture of cells from mammalian tissue cryopreserved without cryoprotection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Lara Nicole

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    taken from euthanized goats and placed into a -20°C freezer for varying lengths of time. The samples were thawed by two different methods. One method was in 37°C water bath and the other was on ice, thawing to room temperature from 1°C to 25°C...

  1. LABORATORY SAFETY CHECKLIST Department of Environment, Health and Safety v.1.9 July 2014 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    or radioactive waste have the appropriate label. b) Refrigerators and freezers used for radioactive material storage have the appropriate label. c) Equipment used to handle or manipulate radioactive material hasLABORATORY SAFETY CHECKLIST Department of Environment, Health and Safety v.1.9 July 2014 Page 1

  2. Kingspan Insulated Panels: Order (2013-CE-5353)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kingspan Insulated Panels had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  3. CX-012116: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Final Rule for Amended Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Walk-in Freezers CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05/02/2014 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  4. Journal of Materials Research http://journals.cambridge.org/JMR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCluskey, Matthew

    and heated freezer windows.8 A dom- inant market for TCOs is provided by flat-panel displays (TCOs) are currently used in products such as flat-panel displays. The prevailing n-type conductivity (ITO), as a transparent electrode. ITO is also used as the front contact in photovoltaic solar cells.9

  5. Calcium silicate insulation structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kollie, Thomas G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An insulative structure including a powder-filled evacuated casing utilizes a quantity of finely divided synthetic calcium silicate having a relatively high surface area. The resultant structure-provides superior thermal insulating characteristics over a broad temperature range and is particularly well-suited as a panel for a refrigerator or freezer or the insulative barrier for a cooler or a insulated bottle.

  6. R-Cold: Order (2013-CE-5354)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered R-Cold, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding R-Cold had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler or freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  7. Fluxion: An Innovative Fluid Dynamics Game on Multi-Touch Handheld Device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    )). For example, players can place a heater to turn water into gas or place a freezer to turn it into ice. hal) (b) (c) Fig. 3. (a) A heater turns water into gas. (b) Water is turned into an ice cube so simulation on iPhone to create an innovative game experience. Using fluid dynamics and water tri

  8. Environmental Health Facilities Experimental laboratories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Amy L.

    , and a Nanopure® DiamondTM analytical ultra-pure water treatment system. Common facilities include two temperature, and low temperature freezer. Major analytical equipment in the Environmental Health group includes reference method PM2.5 sampler, TEI nitrogen oxides (NOx) sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide analyzers, two

  9. Purchase Fresh Food Provide safe and nutritious food for you and your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    shopping, pick-up refrigerated and frozen foods just prior to checkout. Refrigerated foods should be cold, and frozen foods should be solid with no evidence of thawing. Refrigerated and frozen food should be bagged together. After grocery shopping, drive straight home and store food in the refrigerator or freezer

  10. Transoceanic shipment of variety meats as affected by chilling system and packaging method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawlik, Mary F.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weight loss prior to retail Pe reer@age wight loss during retail Not chilled Cooler chilled Not chilled Cooler chilled Freezer drii led- P'ilC PIC PZC 1. 41 127 3 210 2. 99 3. 71 5. 346 3 72 3 Z30 4~c 5di3c 524 5 Jl 5. 68' 6M 8...

  11. Extra Crispy OvenFried Drumsticks 3 cups cornflake cereal, crushed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Extra Crispy OvenFried Drumsticks 3 cups cornflake cereal, crushed 1/3 cup grated Parmesan pepper sauce 8 chicken drumsticks, skinned Vegetable cooking spray 1. Combine buttermilk and hot pepper sauce in an extralarge ziptop freezer bag. Add chicken drumsticks, turning to coat. Place bag

  12. Use of Radioactivity in Animals Procedure: 7.543 Created: 2/4/2014 Version: 1.0 Revised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Songtao

    these carcasses in the freezer until the hazardous waste team schedules the campus-wide disposal date. Carcasses. Applicability/scope This protocol applies to Columbia University. This includes the Morningside, Nevis, LDEO.), sacrifice and dissect carcases and/or handle waste must complete all required training. This training

  13. Parent Orientation: Day 2 Overview Housing and Dining Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    Convenience Stores 1 Bakery 1 Restaurant #12;Allergen Project · Sample Food Labels Special Dietary Needs, desk lamp, dresser, and closet space (note: buy extra-long single sheets for the bed!) · Microwave/refrigerator/freezer · High-speed data access is available in all residence hall rooms #12;What Not to Bring (sample)* Hot

  14. Housing & Dining Services housing.colorado.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    /freezer High-speed data access is available in all residence hall rooms #12; Hot Plates Candles/Bean Bag Centers 4 Grab-N-Gos 3 Convenience Stores 1 Bakery 1 Restaurant #12; Sample Food Labels Special Dietary, dresser, and closet space (note: buy extra-long single sheets for the bed!) Microwave/refrigerator

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Refrigerator",0.2,"Q","Q","Q","Q","Q" "Defrost Method" "Frost-Free",105,35.6,33,13.1,17.6,5.8 "Manual",8.2,3.1,2.3,1,1.4,0.5 "No Freezer...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Refrigerator",0.2,0.1,"Q","Q","Q","Q" "Defrost Method" "Frost-Free",105,28.3,33.7,16.8,14.7,11.6 "Manual",8.2,2.9,2,1.2,1,1.1 "No Freezer...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Refrigerator",0.2,0.1,"Q","N","Q","N" "Defrost Method" "Frost-Free",105,67.8,6.2,7.9,16.9,6.3 "Manual",8.2,3.8,0.5,1.1,2.1,0.6 "No Freezer...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Do Not Use a Refrigerator",0.2,"Q","Q","Q","Q" "Defrost Method" "Frost-Free",105,19.4,23.6,38.9,23 "Manual",8.2,1.3,2.2,3,1.8 "No Freezer Section",0.2,"Q","Q","Q...

  19. American Cooler Technologies: Order (2013-CE-5305)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered American Cooler Technologies to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Cooler Technologies had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in coolers or freezers (WICF) components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. LG Electronics U.S.A. v. DOE, Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Civil Action Number 1:09-cv-02297-JDB - LG voluntarily dismissed its claims against the DOE and agrees to remove the ENERGY STAR labels from various refrigerator-freezers.

  1. Pax Global: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-1413)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Pax Global, Inc. finding that freezer basic models (1) Crosley CCF51; (2) Crosley CCF69; (3) Crosley CCF106; and (4) Daewoo DCF-106W do not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  2. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in diameter are often fibrous. Trim off beet tops, leaving an inch of stem and roots to reduce bleeding of the lid is indented, wash, dry, label and store jar in a clean, cool, dark, dry place. RECOMMENDED. label and freeze. Freeze no more than 2 pounds of food per cubic foot of freezer capacity per day

  3. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cut or break off and discard any tough portions of stalks. Leave spears in lengths to fit the package at the bottom, pack asparagus with tips down. Seal, label and freeze. Alternatively, freeze individual spears as possible. Seal, label and freeze. Freeze no more than 2 pounds of food per cubic foot of freezer capacity

  4. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    larger than 3 inches in diameter are often fibrous. Trim off beet tops, leaving an inch of stem and roots lid seals. If the center of the lid is indented, wash, dry, label and store jar in a clean, cool, dark headspace. Seal, label and freeze. Freeze no more than 2 pounds of food per cubic foot of freezer capacity

  5. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Commercial Refrigerator Door: Order (2013-CE-5351)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Commercial Refrigerator Door Company, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Commercial Refrigerator Door had failed to certify that a variety of models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  7. North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding North Star Refrigerator had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  8. Sustainable Stanford Protecting Stanford's assets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogyo, Matthew

    ... Benefits Labs Protect your samples ­ During energy and equipment failure ­ Reduce risk of valuable sample Study #12;Protect Stanford's Assets & Save Energy Stanford `s Energy Retrofit Program has since 1993 biological samples · The -80C freezers alone require more energy than the entire Gilbert Building (5 Million

  9. September 2, 2011 Competence Center for Sustainable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    electrical grids Offshore wind measurements und evaluation Design assessment for Type Certification for PV;September 2, 2011 Competence Center for Sustainable Energy Technologies PV Wind turbine Solid state Technologies Main expertise areas: ThEt (Prof. Vrabec) Laboratory for household refrigerators and freezers

  10. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 2011 DOE is scheduled to issue final standards for water heaters, refrigerators, freezers, central air minimum efficiency standards for appliances. NAECA not only establish federal minimum standards for water heaters, clothes washers, refrigerators and other appliances, it set a schedule for the DOE to follow

  11. The Long Way Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawn, M.; Bennett, J.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    '. They have a CB, I think." Ray opened his mouth and then closed it. "See you in about an hour, Benny." Ray reached for the flashlight kept under the stove and clicked it on. Shining the light, he saw the newspaper racks and grabbed a handful. They came...

  12. Electricity-producing heating apparatus utilizing a turbine generator in a semi-closed brayton cycle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Labinov, Solomon D.; Christian, Jeffrey E.

    2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides apparatus and methods for producing both heat and electrical energy by burning fuels in a stove or boiler using a novel arrangement of a surface heat exchanger and microturbine-powered generator and novel surface heat exchanger. The equipment is particularly suited for use in rural and relatively undeveloped areas, especially in cold regions and highlands.

  13. U.S. Department of Health And Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    system isn't adequate for the weather. When people must use space heaters and fireplaces to stay warm or wood stove, or - kerosene for a kerosene heater · furnace fuel (coal, propane, or oil) · electric space heater with automatic shut-off switch and non-glowing elements · blankets · matches · multipurpose, dry

  14. Hartford Neighborhood Healthy Homes Project (NeHHP) Checklist Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    @uchc.edu DRAFT 11/13/2009 Combustion Appliance (nonelectric) that is not vented: Some combustion appliances, such as gas ranges and unvented space heaters, and other products (gas logs and charcoal stoves) discharge combustion products directly into the living area. Combustion byproducts can include strong

  15. Written testimony to the Oversight and Government Reform Committee United States House of Representatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    is generated by combustion of fossil-fuel (e.g., coal, oil, gasoline), bio-fuel (e.g., wood for stoves a significant fraction of the observed Arctic warming. Most Arctic BC comes from fuel-combustion not from open Arctic BC comes from fuel-combustion not from open fires. 2. Arctic climate is very sensitive

  16. Energy and Development Gordon A. Mackenzie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) · solar/wind irrigation (TZ) · improved stoves (SE + TZ) · r.e. for women's groups (Mali) #12;From 4-level mortality ·Healthy & productive residents ·Curb rural-urban migration ·New treatment services ·Informed

  17. Residential Energy Conservation Forum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A public forum for homeowners on how to reduce energy usage in the home. Representatives from Long Island Power Authority, Renewable Energy Long Island, and BNL explored alternative energy solutions for the home, analyzing energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental-friendliness. Some of the technologies discussed include solar panels, Energy Star-certified products, and modern wood-burning stoves.

  18. ~ PJY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    . The result is that Africa, Asia and South/Central America have over 150,000 expatriate residents or visitors will concern myself particularly the planners and the engineers. Planners in stoves-work to be energy experts money a year in Africa alone, and even a non- government organization (NCO) may spend up to Ł900 a day

  19. Can a City of 5,000,000 Recycle 60% of its Organic Waste? Lessons from 1910 New York.!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    and horse manure from the streets. Ashes: Coal and wood ash from fireplaces, stoves, and boilers. Refuse a complete overhaul of its municipal solid waste management systems. Street sweeping, solid waste disposal for the disposal of organic wastes. The incinerator technology of the era only allowed for low temperature

  20. Manufacturing Fuel Pellets from Biomass Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    Manufacturing Fuel Pellets from Biomass Introduction Wood pellets have increased tremendously pellet stoves or boilers over traditional wood-fired equipment due to their relative ease of use. As a result, the demand for fuel pellets has also grown quickly. However, wood is not the only suitable

  1. Energy Policy 30 (2002) 815826 Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Policy 30 (2002) 815­826 Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy School of Public Policy and Energy and Resources Group (ERG), 310 Barrows Hall, University of California in disease from a range of interventions, including changes in energy technology (stove or fuel) and cooking

  2. To print this page, select File then Print from your browser URL: http://www.hgtvpro.com/hpro/nws_ind_nws_trends/article/0,2624,HPRO_26519_5945935,00.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this year and tell us what you're seeing in the market. See the Slideshow Which of these energy Water Heating (3) Geothermal Heat Pumps (4) Biofuels (e.g., Pellet-Burning Stoves, etc.) (5) Radiant Floor Heating (6) Spray Foam Insulation (7) Radiant Barriers (8) High-Efficiency Windows (9) Engineered

  3. Hysteresis effects in hybrid building ventilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Morris R.

    = Heating, ventilation & air conditioning Buildings and energy consumption #12;· Notwithstanding this energy-breeze, displacement ventilation dissipate internal heat gains e.g. from kitchen stove · Wintertime: Spaces filledHysteresis effects in hybrid building ventilation Morris R. Flynn Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace

  4. Engi 9601, In Class Assignment, 25 Sept. 2012 Shindell et al., 2012, Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    ) Coal mining, oil and gas production, long distance gas transmission, municipal waste and landfills, wastewater, livestock manure, rice paddies, diesel vehicles, clean-burning biomass stoves, brick kilns, coke Change. (3 marks) coal mining in China, oil and gas production in Central Africa, the Middle East

  5. Acknowledgments: UNEP/WMO, IIASA, JRC, US EPA, SEI, Scripps, Middlebury, U York,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (particle filters+) ­ Replacing coal in residential stoves ­ Replacing residential wood burning in Industrialized countries ­ Clean-burning cookstoves in developing countries ­ Modern brick kilns ­ Modern coke + Sri Lanka South East Asia China Rice paddies Livestock manure Wastewater Municipal waste Coal mines

  6. Innovation, renewable energy, and state investment: Case studies of leading clean energy funds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Milford, Lewis; Porter, Kevin; Clark, Roger

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PV and small wind), while increasing the interest rate for wood burning systems and geothermal heat pumps.PV and wind) and thermal (i.e. , wood stoves, solar thermal, geothermal heat pumps)heat pumps. There were no loans for electrical applications such as PV

  7. Team Cookstove Brian Robinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    to test both stoves using three different fuel types. Wood pellets, charcoal and EFBs were burned in each Chart Emissions (in ppm) Fuel Wood Pellets Charcoal EFB's Model O2 CO CO2 O2 CO CO2 O2 CO CO2 Envirofit manufacturing techniques that could cut down on the final cost of the product. This saw use of thinner sheet

  8. 718 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 34, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 Nonlinear Effects and Anomalous Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaganovich, Igor

    . The first is a spiral coil shaped like a stove-top heating element and placed on the dielectric top cover understanding this. The second type of antenna, however, is wound around the cylindrical sides of the vacuum use, the parameters can be adjusted to produce a completely uni- form plasma across the diameter

  9. A new approach to oxygen enriched high temperature blast generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Queille, P.H.; Macauley, D.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    When increasing fuel injection in a blast furnace in order to reduce coke consumption and/or to increase production, the blast furnace operator tries to keep similar raceway conditions, for instance, an equivalent flame temperature. To compensate for the cooling effect due to the higher injection rate, two solutions can be selected or combined: to raise the temperature of the blast and/or to increase the level of oxygen in the blast. Whatever the choice, the Blast Furnace manager will certainly try to reduce the resulting investment and operating costs to a minimum. Air Liquide and Kvaerner Davy are trying to provide a new way to address these needs by offering a new technology for blast heating. A higher blast temperature will not only allow a higher fuel injection at tuyere level, a lower coke consumption, but also a lower oxygen consumption. Air Liquide and Kvaerner Davy are now able to offer a new heat regenerator with major advantages over conventional stoves. This new device can be used as a permanent substitute for a stove, or as a temporary one during repair, or stove improvement. It can also be added to an existing set of stoves to increase the average blast temperature.

  10. Remembrances of Life as Young Husband and Mathematician ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    question “What means of supporting your wife do you have? ... gas stove and sink. ..... convinced that my work at RAND contributed much more to the US defense ..... From that point on I would definitely be receptive to outside job offers from ...

  11. Meet and Greet Meet Districts 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    beans are unique. After they were in the boiling water, they became stronger and richer." Whenever & Employee Discount Program Page 9 New Staff Page 10&11 An individual places three pots filled with water on a stove. In one pot is a carrot, in another an egg, and in the final pot ground coffee beans. The heat

  12. Personal exposure to nitrogen dioxide: relationship to indoor/outdoor air quality and activity patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quackenboss, J.J.; Spengler, J.D.; Kanarek, M.S.; Letz, R.; Duffy, C.P.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Personal NO/sub 2/ exposures and indoor and outdoor concentrations were measured for nearly 350 individuals in the Portage, WI, area. Concentrations in homes with gas stoves averaged 18 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ higher in the summer (median indoor/outdoor ratio 2.4) and 36 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ (median indoor/outdoor ratio 3.2) higher in the winter than outdoor levels. Personal exposures were closely related to indoor averages for households with gas stoves (r = 0.85 summer, r = 0.87 winter) and with electric stoves (r = 0.68 summer, r = 0.61 winter); more than 65% of the average day was spent at home while about 15% was spent outdoors in summer and less than 5% in winter. The association between personal exposure and outdoor levels of NO/sub 2/ was weakest during the winter for both gas (r = 0.20) and electric (r = 0.28) stove groups. The measures of exposure and time allocation indicate that there is a wide range of variability in personal exposures to NO/sub 2/ that may not be adequately accounted for by simple stratifications based on cooking fuel type. 46 references, 7 tables.

  13. Nitrogen dioxide inside and outside 137 homes and implications for ambient air quality standards and health effects research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spengler, J.D. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA); Duffy, C.P.; Letz, R.; Tibbitts, T.W.; Ferris, B.G. Jr.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Week-long integrated nitrogen dioxide (NO/sub 2/) measurements were made by using diffusion tube samplers inside and outside 137 homes in Portage, WI, over a 1-year period. The annual mean ambient NO/sub 2/ concentrations in this rural community were 10-15 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/. NO/sub 2/ levels inside the kitchens of 112 homes with gas stoves averaged about 50 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ higher, and bedroom levels were about 30 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ higher, than outdoor levels. Ten percent of the gas-cooking homes had annual average kitchen NO/sub 2/ levels higher than the National Ambient Air Quality Standard of 100 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/. NO/sub 2/ levels inside kitchens of 25 homes with electric stoves were about two-thirds outdoor levels, while corresponding bedroom levels were one-half outdoor levels. Distinct seasonal patterns (higher indoor levels in winter, lower in summer) consistent with changes in normal air-exchange rates were evident in gas-cooking homes. The large variation of NO/sub 2/ concentrations among homes, likely due to differences in stove use, emission rates, and air-exchange rates, limits the development of prediction models. In addition, this variation would reduce the power of epidemiological studies of respiratory health, which use ambient NO/sub 2/ concentration levels, a simple dichotomous description of stove type and two categories of home cooking fuel to describe exposure.

  14. An Application of Graph Based Evolutionary Algorithms for Diversity Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashlock, Dan

    to a thermal systems engineering design problem - the design of a biomass cook stove currently in use in Central America. Fitness evaluation involves the use of computational fluid dynamics(CFD) modeling machine yielding a large, fixed per- formance increase. Second, the resolution of the mesh for CFD

  15. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal Heat Pump Central AC by NG Electric water heaterwater heating Technologies Electric heater Gas boiler Coal Boiler Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pumpHeat Pump* *COP Reference Case Alternative Case Table 10 Office Buildings: Water Heating Efficiency Boiler Gas Boiler Small Cogen Electric Water Heater

  16. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    the pollution associated with production, distribution and end-use of common household fuels and assess. At the household level, energy is derived primarily from solid biomass fuels burned in simple stoves with poor & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  17. a mortar, but the following is the most expeditious method: a pan ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deprived of their pith, when that is found to be large. From these ... closed, with the exception of a small aperture, the heat is allowed to act upon .... tical wheels are made to move, by being ... heated by steam pipes, or stoves so adjusted as to prevent the ..... Finally, several properties of powder, which accelerate combustion ...

  18. Carbon Monoxide I n f o r m a t i o n f r o m Ve r m o n t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    every 5 years. DO have your fuel-burning appliances -- including oil, gas or wood furnaces, gas water heaters, gas ranges and ovens, gas dryers, gas or kerosene space heaters, fireplaces and wood stoves avoid using an unvented gas or kerosene space heater, carefully follow the precautions that come

  19. SENS HOUSE TOUR Welcome to the Sustainability and Environmental Studies (SENS) House. Four

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    , the house has a wood stove and small super efficient natural gas heaters in the bedrooms and bathrooms gallons of water and the full flush uses 1.6 gallons of water. The water in this toilet is treated with informational displays). All of the sewage in the new part of the EcoVillage is treated by the EM. First water

  20. 1. Control moisture. 2. Clean regularly.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , water heaters, and fireplaces that burn fuel must vent to the outside. Stoves, ovens, and cook on the things we do to affect how healthy our home is. Step 1. Control Moisture Water and excessive humidity of pesticides. Food and water attract pests. Controlling food and water helps to minimize pests. Sealing

  1. Appliance energy efficiency in new home construction. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey of 224 builders was conducted to which 160 builders responded. Each respondent completed between one and seven separate questionnaires. Each of the seven questionnaires were designed to collect information about one type of equipment or major appliance. These are: heat pump; heating system; air conditioner; domestic water heater; dishwasher; range; and refrigerator. Analysis of the resulting 406 questionnaires indicated that builders were primarily responsible for brand selection. These choices were made primarily without regard for the energy efficiency of the product. A similar apparent lack of consideration of energy efficiency during brand and model selection was found among home buyers and specialized subcontractors.

  2. New Infographic and Projects to Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department OfficeMicrosoftThe missionofDishwashersDepartment

  3. (Solar clothes dryer and wastewater heat exchanger). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baer, B.F.

    1984-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The first project investigated the technical possibilities of adapting a domestic electric clothes dryer to utilize solar-heated water as the heat source, replacing electric resistance heat. The second project attempted to extract wastewater heat from a commercial dishwasher to preheat fresh water to be used in the next dish washing cycle. It is felt that the clothes dryer project has met all of intended goals. Although a solar application has some real-world practical problems, the application of a dryer connected directly to the home heating system will prove to be cost-beneficial over the life of a dryer. The additional cost of a heat exchanger is not excessive, and the installation cost, if installed with the initial house plumbing is less than $100. From a practical point of view, the complexity of installing a wastewater heat extracter is considered impractical. The environment in which such equipment must operate is difficult at best, and most restaurants prefer to maintain as simple an operation as possible. If problems were to occur in this type of equipment, the kitchen would effectively be crippled. In conclusion, further research in the concept is not recommended. Recent advances in commercial dishwashers have also considerably reduced the heat losses which accompanied equipment only a few years old.

  4. Helium-Based Soundwave Chiller: Trillium: A Helium-Based Sonic Chiller- Tons of Freezing with 0 GWP Refrigerants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BEETIT Project: Penn State is designing a freezer that substitutes the use of sound waves and environmentally benign refrigerant for synthetic refrigerants found in conventional freezers. Called a thermoacoustic chiller, the technology is based on the fact that the pressure oscillations in a sound wave result in temperature changes. Areas of higher pressure raise temperatures and areas of low pressure decrease temperatures. By carefully arranging a series of heat exchangers in a sound field, the chiller is able to isolate the hot and cold regions of the sound waves. Penn State’s chiller uses helium gas to replace synthetic refrigerants. Because helium does not burn, explode or combine with other chemicals, it is an environmentally-friendly alternative to other polluting refrigerants. Penn State is working to apply this technology on a large scale.

  5. Issues in federal preemption of state appliance energy efficiency regulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.; Balistocky, S.; Schaefler, A.M.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings and conclusions of the analysis of the various issues involved in the federal preemption of state regulations for the DOE no standard rule on covered appliances are summarized. The covered products are: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, kitchen ranges and ovens, water heaters (excluding heat pump water heaters), room air conditioners, central air conditioners (excluding heat pumps), and furnaces. A detailed discussion of the rationale for the positions of groups offering comment for the record is presneted. The pertinent categories of state and local regulations and programs are explained, then detailed analysis is conducted on the covered products and regulations. Issues relating to the timing of preemption of state regulations are discussed, as well as issues relating to burden of proof, contents of petitions for exemptions from preemption, criteria for evaluating petitions, and procedural and other issues. (LEW)

  6. Evaluation of Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization from Residential Appliances and Fixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomlinson, John J [ORNL; Christian, Jeff [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Executive Summary In every home irrespective of its size, location, age, or efficiency, heat in the form of drainwater or dryer exhaust is wasted. Although from a waste stream, this energy has the potential for being captured, possibly stored, and then reused for preheating hot water or air thereby saving operating costs to the homeowner. In applications such as a shower and possibly a dryer, waste heat is produced at the same time as energy is used, so that a heat exchanger to capture the waste energy and return it to the supply is all that is needed. In other applications such as capturing the energy in drainwater from a tub, dishwasher, or washing machine, the availability of waste heat might not coincide with an immediate use for energy, and consequently a heat exchanger system with heat storage capacity (i.e. a regenerator) would be necessary. This study describes a two-house experimental evaluation of a system designed to capture waste heat from the shower, dishwasher clothes washer and dryer, and to use this waste heat to offset some of the hot water energy needs of the house. Although each house was unoccupied, they were fitted with equipment that would completely simulate the heat loads and behavior of human occupants including operating the appliances and fixtures on a demand schedule identical to Building American protocol (Hendron, 2009). The heat recovery system combined (1) a gravity-film heat exchanger (GFX) installed in a vertical section of drainline, (2) a heat exchanger for capturing dryer exhaust heat, (3) a preheat tank for storing the captured heat, and (4) a small recirculation pump and controls, so that the system could be operated anytime that waste heat from the shower, dishwasher, clothes washer and dryer, and in any combination was produced. The study found capturing energy from the dishwasher and clothes washer to be a challenge since those two appliances dump waste water over a short time interval. Controls based on the status of the dump valve on these two appliances would have eliminated uncertainty in knowing when waste water was flowing and the recovery system operated. The study also suggested that capture of dryer exhaust heat to heat incoming air to the dryer should be examined as an alternative to using drying exhaust energy for water heating. The study found that over a 6-week test period, the system in each house was able to recover on average approximately 3000 W-h of waste heat daily from these appliance and showers with slightly less on simulated weekdays and slightly more on simulated weekends which were heavy wash/dry days. Most of these energy savings were due to the shower/GFX operation, and the least savings were for the dishwasher/GFX operation. Overall, the value of the 3000 W-h of displaced energy would have been $0.27/day based on an electricity price of $.09/kWh. Although small for today s convention house, these savings are significant for a home designed to approach maximum affordable efficiency where daily operating costs for the whole house are less than a dollar per day. In 2010 the actual measured cost of energy in one of the simulated occupancy houses which waste heat recovery testing was undertaken was $0.77/day.

  7. Finance and technical change: a neo-Schumpeterian perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Carlota

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , freezers and color-TV. 31 Schumpeter (1911:1961), p. 88. See also p. 197 32 Schumpeter (1911:1961), p. 89 33 From the 1980s, a strong tendency has become prevalent towards forcing publicly funded... potential that lifts the exclusion mechanisms and opens the door for the aspiring entrepreneurs and the bold financiers to come together and bring forth new solutions. The major advantages provided to the participants in the deployment of a paradigm also...

  8. Cost and returns budgets for penaeid shrimp culture operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johns, M. A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) (Member) Addison L. Lawrence (Member) ohn P. Nichols iced of Department) December 19SS ABSTRACT Cost and Returns Budgets for Penaeid Shrimp Culture Operations. (December 1983) Michael A. Johns, B. S. , Texas ASM University Chairman of Advisory... 500 gal. Microscope/disecting Counting trays Henson-Stemple pipette Refrigerator Freezer Microscope Carboy rack Air manifold Heater Sartorius balance $ 360. 00 $ 150. 00 167. 00 $ 200. 00 $ 2300. 00 500. 00 $ 42. 00 $ 40. 00 16. 00...

  9. Consumer and Retail Market Test of Prepackaged Deboned Frozen Beef.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branson, Robert E.; King, G. T.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be able to see what she is buying. The opaque package was used because fro- zen meats lack the attractive color that characterizes the fresh product. Freezing sharply reduces the red color and also frost particles that form on the meat NEW PREMIUM... have both more exposure to the types of news media used plus freezer compartments or deep freeze cabinets in which to keep frozen food items. INFLUENCE...

  10. Kemiteknik -Vrme-och strmningsteknik Processteknikens grunder (PTG) 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    , 22.10.2012 kurs-assistent M. Fält 1. KJ05- Q7-15 A freezer rejects 210 W of heat into a room at 22°C positionen räknad frĺn en sida och T är temperaturen (K). Materialets värmelednings-koefficient = 40 W/(mK). Beräkna värmeströmmen Q'' (W/m2 ) frĺn katalysatorn vid x = 0 m och x = 0.02 m. (glöm inte + eller

  11. Trading Carbon: Can Cookstoves Light the Way (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gadgil, Ashok; Booker, Kayje; Rausch, Adam

    2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Science at the Theater: Get smart about carbon! Learn how families in Africa, using stoves designed by Berkeley Lab, are at the forefront of global carbon reduction. Ashok Gadgil is the driving force behind the Berkeley-Darfur Cookstove. He is a researcher, inventor, renowned humanitarian, and director of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. Kayje Booker is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in ecosystem sciences. She is exploring how carbon markets can serve as catalysts for innovation in technologies for the poor. Adam Rausch is a Berkeley Lab researcher and UC Berkeley graduate student in civil environmental engineering. He helps to design and test stove designs in Ethiopia and elsewhere.

  12. Nitrogen dioxide inside and outside 137 homes and implications for ambient air quality standards and health effects research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spengler, J.D.; Duffy, C.P.; Letz, R.; Tibbitts, T.W.; Ferris, B.G. Jr.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Week-long integrated nitrogen dioxide (NO/sub 2/) measurements made with diffusion tube samplers inside and outside 137 homes in Portage, Wis., over a 1-year period yielded an annual mean ambient NO/sub 2/ concentration of 0.005-0.008 ppm (10-15 micrograms/m/sub 3/). The large variation of NO/sub 2/ concentrations among homes exhibited by this study was likely due to differences in gas stove use, emission rates, and air-exchange rates, limiting the development of prediction models. In addition, this variation reduces the power of epidemiological studies of respiratory health that use ambient NO/sub 2/ concentration levels, a simple dichotomous description of stove type, and two categories of home cooking fuel to describe exposure.

  13. Nitrogen dioxide inside and outside 137 homes and implications for ambient air quality standards and health effects research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spengler, J.D.; Duffy, C.P.; Letz, R.; Tibbitts, T.W.; Ferris, B.G. Jr.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Week-long integrated nitrogen dioxide (NO/sub 2/) measurements made with diffusion tube samples inside and outside 137 homes in Portage, Wisconsin, over a 1-year period yielded an annual mean ambient NO/sub 2/ concentration of 0.005-0.008 ppm. The large variation of NO/sub 2/ concentrations among homes exhibited by this study was likely due to differences in gas stove use, emission rates, and air-exchange rates, limiting the development of prediction models. In addition, this variation reduces the power of epidemiological studies of respiratory health that use ambient NO/sub 2/ concentration levels, a simple dichotomous description of stove type, and two categories of home cooking fuel to describe exposure.

  14. A study of the plastic and elastic strain characteristics of an angular and well-graded sand experiencing cyclic loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer, William Frank

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A ST%K OP THE PLASTIC AND ELASTIC STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ANOULAR AND WELL ARAXSD SAND EXPERXENCIN6 CYCLIC LOADIN6 A Thesis By WILLIAM FRANK SPENCER, ZR. Subnitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College... of Texas partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1957 Major Sub/acti Civil Engineering A STOVES OF THE PLASTIC AND ELASTIC STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS OP AN ANOULAR AND WELL SRAXED SAND EXPERIENCING CYCLIC...

  15. Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Cynthia Ann

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    as how they absorb water and testing their texture for doneness.? Not all schools have the same equipment to cook with: ?People have different cooking tools?when you cook it in a steamer, that's different than an oven or a braiser or a crock... mentioned how a vendor from whom her district purchased fish furnished a DVD containing recipes and preparation tips for use with different cooking tools (conventional ovens, braisers, stoves, steamers, convection ovens, crock pots). Standardized recipes...

  16. The Successful Design Construction and 'Live-ability' of an Energy Efficient Home in a Hot and Humid Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, J. C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clothes washer null Energy Star Hunter ceiling fans null 90% of the lighting is fluorescent null Gas fired water heater with solar assist For those ten really cold days in winter we have a wood burning stove with catalytic converter to supplement...The Successful Design, Construction and “Live-ability” of an Energy Efficient Home in a Hot and Humid Climate John C. Gardner, PE Hockley, Texas 77447 ABSTRACT This paper will present a case study of an energy efficient home...

  17. Quantifying CO2 removal by living walls: a case study of the Center for Design Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Eric

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on whether these claims are true. Summer 2013 – Spring 2014 | 21 1. INTRODUCTION An examination of indoor air quality (IAQ) looks at the cleanliness of the air inside a building and is a good indicator of the health and productivity of building... they are at risk if exposed to poor air. Some sources of poor IAQ include improper ventilation of the building, infiltration and combustion from stoves and fireplaces. Additionally, building materials and certain household products can emit gases in the air...

  18. Size distribution measurement of fine and ultrafine particle emission from cooking Evelyne Ghina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) for particle with diameter between d and (d+dd) including emission rate of the source, nucleation, re-suspension meat or fish lead to a total mean equivalent emission rate of (9±6)×1010 s-1 while cooking meat or fish in an oven lead to total mean equivalent emission rate of (9±4)×1010 s-1 . Cooking pasta or heat the stove

  19. Characterization of Black Carbon Mixing State

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sedlacek, Arthur; S, Satheesh; Springston, Stephen

    This measurement characterizes the types of BC emissions that result in near­surface BC­ containing particles in a region that is dominated by biomass and open pit/stove cooking. Specifically, examine three primary BC emission sources: (i) urban setting (e.g., fossil fuel emissions); and (ii) biomass burning. Source (i) are captured at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore. Biomass emissions (ii) contains a series of 1­2 day measurement excursions to the rural area surrounding Bangalore.

  20. Northeast regional biomass program. First quarter report, October--December 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This progress report presents summaries of various projects which were in operation or being planned during this quarter period. Projects included testing the efficiency of using wood chips as fuel in heating systems, barriers to commercial development of wood pellet fuels, studies of more efficient and less polluting wood stoves, work on landfill gas utilization, directories of facilities using biomass fuels, surveys of biomass conversion processes to liquid fuels, for commercial development, etc.

  1. Population Dynamics and Environmental Degradation in Nepal: An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uprety, Laya Prasad

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    discussed below. Increasing Demand for Cultivable Land Nepal has overwhelmingly an agrarian economy so that land is an important factor for growing food in order to feed the 48 Occasional Papers L.P. Uprely 49 rapidly increasing population. As stated earlier... ) develop alternative sources of energy such as exploitation of perennial water resources to generate hydroelectric power, develop solar power, wind power and bio-gas technology; (ii) develop and disseminate the teclmology of improved stove to save energy...

  2. Performance of Charcoal Cookstoves for Haiti, Part 2: Results from the Controlled Cooking Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lask, Kathleen; Jones, Jennifer; Booker, Kayje; Ceballos, Cristina; Yang, Nina; Gadgil, Ashok

    2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Five charcoal cookstoves were tested using a Controlled Cooking Test (CCT) developed from cooking practices in Haiti. Cookstoves were tested for total burn time, specific fuel consumption, and emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), and the ratio of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide (CO/CO{sub 2}). These results are presented in this report along with LBNL testers’ observations regarding the usability of the stoves.

  3. Nitrogen dioxide and respiratory illnesses in infants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samet, J.M.; Lambert, W.E.; Skipper, B.J.; Cushing, A.H.; Hunt, W.C.; Young, S.A.; McLaren, L.C.; Schwab, M.; Spengler, J.D. (Univ. of New Mexico Medical Center, Albuquerque (United States))

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitrogen dioxide is an oxidant gas that contaminates outdoor air and indoor air in homes with unvented gas appliances. A prospective cohort study was carried out to test the hypothesis that residential exposure to NO2 increases incidence and severity of respiratory illnesses during the first 18 months of life. A cohort of 1,205 healthy infants from homes without smokers was enrolled. The daily occurrence of respiratory symptoms and illnesses was reported by the mothers every 2 wk. Illnesses with wheezing or wet cough were classified as lower respiratory tract. Indoor NO2 concentrations were serially measured with passive samplers place in the subjects' bedrooms. In stratified analyses, illness incidence rates did not consistently increase with exposure to NO2 or stove type. In multivariate analyses that adjusted for potential confounding factors, odds ratios were not significantly elevated for current or lagged NO2 exposures, or stove type. Illness duration, a measure of illness severity, was not associated with NO2 exposure. The findings can be extended to homes with gas stoves in regions of the United States where the outdoor air is not heavily polluted by NO2.

  4. Smart Finite State Devices: A Modeling Framework for Demand Response Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turitsyn, Konstantin; Ananyev, Maxim; Chertkov, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce and analyze Markov Decision Process (MDP) machines to model individual devices which are expected to participate in future demand-response markets on distribution grids. We differentiate devices into the following four types: (a) optional loads that can be shed, e.g. light dimming; (b) deferrable loads that can be delayed, e.g. dishwashers; (c) controllable loads with inertia, e.g. thermostatically-controlled loads, whose task is to maintain an auxiliary characteristic (temperature) within pre-defined margins; and (d) storage devices that can alternate between charging and generating. Our analysis of the devices seeks to find their optimal price-taking control strategy under a given stochastic model of the distribution market.

  5. An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita, Kimberly; Dale, Larry; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes our study of the price elasticity of demand for home appliances, including refrigerators, clothes washers, and dishwashers. In the context of increasingly stringent appliance standards, we are interested in what kind of impact the increased manufacturing costs caused by higher efficiency requirements will have on appliance sales. We begin with a review of existing economics literature describing the impact of economic variables on the sale of durable goods.We then describe the market for home appliances and changes in this market over the past 20 years, performing regression analysis on the shipments of home appliances and relevant economic variables including changes to operating cost and household income. Based on our analysis, we conclude that the demand for home appliances is price inelastic.

  6. Modeling patterns of hot water use in households

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lutz, James D.; Liu, Xiaomin; McMahon, James E.; Dunham, Camilla; Shown, Leslie J.; McCure, Quandra T.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a detailed model of hot water use patterns in individual households. The model improves upon an existing model by including the effects of four conditions that were previously unaccounted for: the absence of a clothes washer; the absence of a dishwasher; a household consisting of seniors only; and a household that does not pay for its own hot water use. Although these four conditions can significantly affect residential hot water use, and have been noted in other studies, this is the first time that they have been incorporated into a detailed model. This model allows detailed evaluation of the impact of potential efficiency standards for water heaters and other market transformation policies.

  7. Modeling patterns of hot water use in households

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lutz, J.D.; Liu, Xiaomin; McMahon, J.E. [and others

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a detailed model of hot water use patterns in individual household. The model improves upon an existing model by including the effects of four conditions that were previously unaccounted for: the absence of a clothes washer; the absence of a dishwasher; a household consisting of seniors only; and a household that does not pay for its own hot water use. Although these four conditions can significantly affect residential hot water use, and have been noted in other studies, this is the first time that they have been incorporated into a detailed model. This model allows detailed evaluation of the impact of potential efficiency standards for water heaters and other market transformation policies. 21 refs., 3 figs., 10 tabs.

  8. GridLAB-D Technical Support Document: Residential End-Use Module Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Zachary T.; Gowri, Krishnan; Katipamula, Srinivas

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    1.0 Introduction The residential module implements the following end uses and characteristics to simulate the power demand in a single family home: • Water heater • Lights • Dishwasher • Range • Microwave • Refrigerator • Internal gains (plug loads) • House (heating/cooling loads) The house model considers the following four major heat gains/losses that contribute to the building heating/cooling load: 1. Conduction through exterior walls, roof and fenestration (based on envelope UA) 2. Air infiltration (based on specified air change rate) 3. Solar radiation (based on CLTD model and using tmy data) 4. Internal gains from lighting, people, equipment and other end use objects. The Equivalent Thermal Parameter (ETP) approach is used to model the residential loads and energy consumption. The following sections describe the modeling assumptions for each of the above end uses and the details of power demand calculations in the residential module.

  9. Domestic Water Conservation Technologies: Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Federal Technology Alert (Booklet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Executive Order 13123 calls for the Federal government to conserve water as well as energy in its 500,000 facilities. To help set priorities among water-saving measures, the Federal Energy Management Program conducted a study of Federal water use in 1997. The study indicated that the government consumes more than 50% of its water in just three types of Federal facilities: housing, hospitals, and office buildings. These facilities have enough kitchens, rest rooms, and laundry areas to provide facility managers with many opportunities to begin reducing their water use (and utility costs) with appropriate water-saving fixtures and products. Therefore, this Federal Technology Alert focuses on domestic technologies, products, and appliances such as water-efficient faucets, showerheads, toilets, urinals, washing machines, and dishwashers. Conserving water also saves the energy needed to treat, pump, and heat that water in homes, businesses, and other buildings.

  10. SWEEP - Save Water & Energy Education Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Gregory P.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hillman, Tim C.; Hadley, Adam; Ledbetter, Marc R.; Payson, David R.

    2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to develop, monitor, analyze, and report on an integrated resource-conservation program highlighting efficient residential appliances and fixtures. The sites of study were 50 homes in two water-constrained communities located in Oregon. The program was designed to maximize water savings to these communities and to serve as a model for other communities seeking an integrated approach to energy and water resource efficiency. The program included the installation and in-place evaluation of energy- and water-efficient devices including the following: horizontal axis clothes washers (and the matching clothes dryers), resource-efficient dishwashers, an innovative dual flush low-flow toilet, low-flow showerheads, and faucet aerators. The significance of this activity lies in its integrated approach and unique metering evaluation of individual end-use, aggregated residential total use, and system-wide energy and water benefits.

  11. Salads.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reasonover, Frances; Tribble, Marie; Mason, Louise; Cox, Maeona

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mold and chill in the refrigerator until firm. Cover and freeze. Keep in freezer no longer than 2 weeks. Thaw in the refrigerator before serving. Serves four to six. RICE AND MEAT SALAD 1% cup cooked rice M cup French Dressing, 1M cups cubed... in the center to hold the piece together. Chill 0.n ice or in ice water. Dip the ends in paprika before sewing. CHERRY POINSETTIAS - Make six to eight cuts in each maraschino cherry from the pitted end to within 1/8 inch of round end. Flatten cherry, out...

  12. Influence of temperature on respiration of excised tissues from citrus seedlings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peynado, Ascension

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) To observe the change in respiration as the tissue was freeze-injured, dry flasks were loaded with 96 leaf disks per flask and placed in -26 C freezer for intervals of 5 to 30 minutes. After the freezing tests, the flasks were prepared for normal C02..., Washington, D. C. Some plants will withstand more cold than others, as evidenced by their distribution (3, 13, 50, 53). Frost resistance studies have revealed that although plants cannot tolerate intercellular ice formation? some plants will tolerate...

  13. Cooking for One or Two.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haggard, Marilyn A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for one or two servings and reduce waste and cleanup time, For oven dishes, try this idea. Line serving-size oven dishes with foil, fill with food and freeze. Once frozen , remove the item from the dish , seal the foil , label and return to the freezer.... Later, simply return the item to the original dish, heat and serve. Main Dishes Main dishes take a large share of the food dollar, so plan their purchase and use wisely. Instead of cooking a whole roast or steak, divide each into serving...

  14. U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B.; Young, Scott J.; Yang, Hung-Chia; Long, Timothy; Beraki, Bereket; Price, Sarah K.; Pratt, Stacy; Willem, Henry; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Amazon Mechanical Turk was used, for the first time, to collect statistically representative survey data from U.S. households on the presence, number, type and usage of refrigerators, freezers, and various “miscellaneous” refrigeration products (wine/beverage coolers, residential icemakers and non-vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along with household and demographic information. Such products have been poorly studied to date, with almost no information available about shipments, stocks, capacities, energy use, etc. A total of 9,981 clean survey responses were obtained from five distinct surveys deployed in 2012. General refrigeration product survey responses were weighted to demographics in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2009 dataset. Miscellaneous refrigeration product survey responses were weighted according to demographics of product ownership found in the general refrigeration product surveys. Model number matching for a portion of miscellaneous refrigeration product responses allowed validation of refrigeration product characteristics, which enabled more accurate estimates of the penetrations of these products in U.S. households. We estimated that there were 12.3±1.0 million wine/beverage coolers, 5.5(–3.5,+3.2) million residential icemakers and 4.4(–2.7,+2.3) million non-vapor compression refrigerators in U.S. households in 2012. (All numerical results are expressed with ranges indicating the 95% confidence interval.) No evidence was found for the existence of non-vapor compression freezers. Moreover, we found that 15% of wine/beverage coolers used vapor compression cooling technology, while 85% used thermoelectric cooling technology, with the vast majority of thermoelectric units having capacities of less than 30 wine bottles (approximately 3.5 cubic feet). No evidence was found for the existence of wine/beverage coolers with absorption cooling technology. Additionally, we estimated that there were 3.6±1.0 million hybrid refrigerator-wine/beverage coolers and 0.9±0.5 million hybrid freezer-wine/beverage coolers in U.S. households. We also obtained estimates of miscellaneous refrigeration product capacities, lifetimes, purchase and installation costs, repair frequencies and costs, and maintenance costs. For wine/beverage coolers, we also obtained information on the penetration of built-in units, AC/DC operating capability, the use of internal lights, and distributions of door opening frequencies. This information is essential to develop detailed estimates of national energy usage and life-cycle costs, and would be helpful in obtaining information on other plug-load appliances. Additional information not highlighted in the main report was presented in Appendices.

  15. Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E T A * S H I E L D * A L ALG Refrigerator-Freezer Models

  16. Department of Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E T A * S H I E L D * A L ALG Refrigerator-Freezer

  17. Department of Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E T A * S H I E L D * A L ALG Refrigerator-FreezerPolicy

  18. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Electric Motors and Walk-in Coolers and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezers to Save on Energy

  19. New Energy Efficiency Standards for External Power Supplies to Cut

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezers to Save on

  20. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures to Save on

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezers to SaveEnergy

  1. New Energy Performance Database Being Used to Speed Energy Savings |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezers

  2. New Energy Saver Twitter Account | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezersEnergy Saver

  3. New Energy-Saving Fiber Optic Lighting System Lights Up Public Spaces |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezersEnergy

  4. New Fuel Cell Projects Meeting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIREof Energy Investigates PortFreezersEnergyEnzymeNew

  5. Assisted Home Performance with ENERGY STAR | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department of Energy |Article 29Savings Category Refrigerators/Freezers

  6. Nitrogen dioxide and respiratory illness in children. Part I: Health outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samet, J.M.; Lambert, W.E.; Skipper, B.J.; Cushing, A.H.; Hunt, W.C.; Young, S.A.; McLaren, L.C.; Schwab, M.; Spengler, J.D. (Univ. of New Mexico Medical Center, Albuquerque (United States))

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have carried out a prospective cohort study to test the hypothesis that exposure to nitrogen dioxide increases the incidence and severity of respiratory infections during the first 18 months of life. Between January 1988 and June 1990, 1,315 infants were enrolled into the study at birth and followed with prospective surveillance for the occurrence of respiratory infections and monitoring of nitrogen dioxide concentrations in their homes. The subjects were healthy infants from homes without smokers; they were selected with stratification by type of cooking stove at a ratio of four to one for gas and electric stoves. Illness experience was monitored by a daily diary of symptoms completed by the mother and a telephone interview conducted every two weeks. Illnesses with wheezing or wet cough were classified as involving the lower respiratory tract; all other respiratory illnesses were designated as involving the upper respiratory tract. Exposure to nitrogen dioxide was estimated by two-week average concentrations measured in the subjects' bedrooms with passive samplers. This analysis is limited to the 1,205 subjects completing at least one month of observation; of these, 823 completed the full protocol, contributing 82.8% of the total number of days during which the subjects were under observation. Incidence rates for all respiratory illnesses, all upper respiratory illness, all lower respiratory illnesses, and lower respiratory illness further divided into those with any wheezing, or wet cough without wheezing, were examined within strata of nitrogen dioxide exposure at the time of the illness, nitrogen dioxide exposure during the prior month, and type of cooking stove. Consistent trends of increasing illness incidence rates with increasing exposure to nitrogen dioxide were not evident for either the lagged or unlagged exposure variables.

  7. Analysis of wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farmers in central Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mwangi, A.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focuses on wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farm households in central Kenya. The specific objective were: (1) to determine how households had responded to specific wood-energy policies; (2) to identify factors associated with household adoption or non-adoption of the strategies. Different programs aimed at addressing wood-energy shortages in Kenya were initiated or strengthened during the 1980s: fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting; development and dissemination of improved stoves and fireplaces; promotion of increased accessibility to wood-energy substitutes. Household adoption levels for policy-supported strategies have remained low despite promotion. Survey data from two villages in Nyeri district were collected to determine the factors associated with adoption of the Kenya Ceramic Jiko, the [open quotes]Kuni Mbili[close quotes] stove/fireplace, kerosene stoves, electric cookers, and fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting. Adoption rates varied from as low as 1 percent for electricity to 43 percent for the Kenya Ceramic Jiko. Important policy variables included extension visits per year, income levels, years of formal education received by head of household, access to different fuels, area of farm-land owned, household size, and locational characteristics of the villages. Policy recommendations included: use of research results to direct policy; improvement of information flows between policy makers, extension agents, and technology-users; increased support of agroforestry; and better program coordination. Recommendations for further research included: examining more areas where efficiency gains in energy production and consumption can be made, extending the study to cover the drier parts of central Kenya, and conducting regular case studies in order to better understand the adoption process over time.

  8. Above Vulgar Economy: Jane Austen and Money

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig, Sheryl Ann

    2010-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    the demand for precious metals (Olsen 246). Our coins are merely tokens of value made from base metals, and the metal in our coins is practically worthless (Ferguson 30). An economist may attempt to equate a box of candles with a modern electric bill..., and here the exchange system totally fails. A box of candles and an electric bill both provide light, but the electric bill is radically altered by the presence of a refrigerator, a furnace, an air-conditioner, a stove, a microwave oven, a hot water...

  9. Looking for Hazardous Pollutants in Your Kitchen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singer, Brett

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    For decades, teams of Berkeley Lab scientists have investigated the ways that indoor air quality affects human health. In Berkeley Lab's test kitchen scientist Brett Singer and his team are measuring the pollutants emitted by cooking foods and evaluating how effective various range hoods are in capturing the pollutants. In an unprecedented recent study, the scientists estimated that 60 percent of homes in California that cook at least once a week with a gas stove can reach pollutant levels that would be illegal if found outdoors.

  10. Looking for Hazardous Pollutants in Your Kitchen

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Singer, Brett

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    For decades, teams of Berkeley Lab scientists have investigated the ways that indoor air quality affects human health. In Berkeley Lab's test kitchen scientist Brett Singer and his team are measuring the pollutants emitted by cooking foods and evaluating how effective various range hoods are in capturing the pollutants. In an unprecedented recent study, the scientists estimated that 60 percent of homes in California that cook at least once a week with a gas stove can reach pollutant levels that would be illegal if found outdoors.

  11. The Use of Electricity in Industry and Energy Saving - The Gamma Co-Efficient 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, R.; Froehlich, R.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . A bi-energy solution was decided on. Installation - The degreasing bath of the sur face preparation tunnel is heated to 45?C by means of two electric accumulation boilers ; hourly con sumption is 75 kWh. The drying tunnel, heated by bi-energy..., is connected to a propane burner and to an electrical heating battery; hourly electrical consumption is 115 kWh. The stoving tunnel, also heated by bi-energy, is connected to the same heating battery and the same burner, but it also has infra-red tubes...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005UNSDepartmentFebruary 8,Net Metering NOTE: SB 1395Qualifying Wood Stove

  13. Nuclear criticality safety assessment of the proposed CFC replacement coolants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, W.C.; Dyer, H.R.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutron multiplication characteristics of refrigerant-114 (R-114) and proposed replacement coolants perfluorobutane (C{sub 4}F{sub 10}) and cycloperfluorobutane C{sub 4}F{sub 8}) have been compared by evaluating the infinite media multiplication factors of UF{sub 6}/H/coolant systems and by replacement calculations considering a 10-MW freezer/sublimer. The results of these comparisons demonstrate that R-114 is a neutron absorber, due to its chlorine content, and that the alternative fluorocarbon coolants are neutron moderators. Estimates of critical spherical geometries considering mixtures of UF{sub 6}/HF/C{sub 4}F{sub 10} indicate that the flourocarbon-moderated systems are large compared with water-moderated systems. The freezer/sublimer calculations indicate that the alternative coolants are more reactive than R-114, but that the reactivity remains significantly below the condition of water in the tubes, which was a limiting condition. Based on these results, the alternative coolants appear to be acceptable; however, several follow-up tasks have been recommended, and additional evaluation will be required on an individual equipment basis.

  14. Economic analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

  15. Low pressure high speed Stirling air engine. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, M.A.

    1980-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this project was to design, construct and test a simple, appropriate technology low pressure, high speed, wood-fired Stirling air engine of 100 W output. The final design was a concentric piston/displacer engine of 454 in. bore and 1 in. stroke with a rhombic drive mechanism. The project engine was ultimately completed and tested, using a propane burner for all tests as a matter of convenience. The 100 W aim was exceeded, at atmospheric pressure, over a wide range of engine speed with the maximum power being 112 W at 1150 rpm. A pressure can was constructed to permit pressurization; however the grant funds were running out, and the only pressurized power test attempted was unsuccessful due to seal difficulties. This was a disappointment because numerous tests on the 4 cubic inch engine suggested power would be more than doubled with pressurization at 25 psig. A manifold was designed and constructed to permit operation of the engine over a standard No. 40 pot bellied stove. The engine was run successfully, but at reduced speed and power, over this stove. The project engine started out being rather noisy in operation, but modifications ultimately resulted in a very quiet engine. Various other difficulties and their solutions also are discussed. (LCL)

  16. Navajo Coal Combustion and Respiratory Health Near Shiprock, New Mexico

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bunnell, Joseph E.; Garcia, Linda V.; Furst, Jill M.; Lerch, Harry; Olea, Ricardo A.; Suitt, Stephen E.; Kolker, Allan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indoor air pollution has been identified as a major risk factor for acute and chronic respiratory diseases throughout the world. In the sovereign Navajo Nation, an American Indian reservation located in the Four Corners area of the USA, people burn coal in their homes for heat. To explore whether/how indoor coal combustion might contribute to poor respiratory health of residents, this study examined respiratory health data, identified household risk factors such as fuel and stove type and use, analyzed samples of locally used coal, and measured and characterized fine particulate airborne matter inside selected homes. In twenty-five percent of homesmore »surveyed coal was burned in stoves not designed for that fuel, and indoor air quality was frequently found to be of a level to raise concerns. The average winter 24-hourPM2.5concentration in 20 homes was 36.0??g/m3. This is the first time thatPM2.5has been quantified and characterized inside Navajo reservation residents' homes.« less

  17. High productivity injection practices at Rouge Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, D.H.; Hegler, G.L.; Falls, C.E. [Rouge Steel Co., Dearborn, MI (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rouge Steel Company, located in Dearborn, Michigan, operates two blast furnaces. The smaller of the pair, ``B`` Furnace, has a hearth diameter of 20 feet and 12 tuyeres. It has averaged 2,290 NTHM (net ton of hot metal) per day of 8.2 NTHM per 100 cubic feet of working volume. ``C`` Furnace has a hearth diameter of 29 feet and 20 tuyeres. Both of these furnaces are single tap hole furnaces. Prior to its reline in 1991, ``C`` Furnace was producing at a rate of 3,300 NTHM/day or about 6.25 NTHM/100 cfwv. In November, 1994 it averaged 5,106 NTHM/day or 9.6 NTHM/100 cfwv. This paper discusses how the current production rates were achieved. Also, the areas that needed to be addressed as production increased will be described. These areas include casthouse arrangement and workload, hot metal ladle capacity, slag pot capacity and charging capability. Coupled with the high blast temperature capability, the furnace was provided with a new natural gas injection system that injected the gas through the blowpipes and a natural gas injection system to enrich the stove gas. Following the furnace reline, natural gas has been used in three ways: tuyere level control; combination injection; and stove gas enrichment. Coke consumption rate has also decreased per NTHM.

  18. Application of AI techniques to blast furnace operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iida, Osamu; Ushijima, Yuichi; Sawada, Toshiro [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Kurashiki (Japan)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It was during the first stages of application of artificial intelligence (AI) to industrial fields, that the ironmaking division of Mizushima works at Kawasaki Steel recognized its potential. Since that time, the division has sought applications for these techniques to solve various problems. AI techniques applied to control the No. 3 blast furnace operations at the Mizushima works include: Blast furnace control by a diagnostic type of expert system that gives guidance to the actions required for blast furnace operation as well as control of furnace heat by automatically setting blast temperature; Hot stove combustion control by a combination of fuzzy inference and a physical model to insure good thermal efficiency of the stove; and blast furnace burden control using neural networks makes it possible to connect the pattern of gas flow distribution with the condition of the furnace. Experience of AI to control the blast furnace and other ironmaking operations has proved its capability for achieving automation and increased operating efficiency. The benefits are very high. For these reasons, the applications of AI techniques will be extended in the future and new techniques studied to further improve the power of AI.

  19. DOE/AHAM advanced refrigerator technology development project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.; Rice, C.K.; Linkous, R.L.; Hardin, C.V.; Bohman, R.H.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the effort to improve residential energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants, several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed domestic refrigerator-freezer. The program goal was to reduce the energy consumption of a 20-ft{sup 3} (570-L) top-mount refrigerator-freeze to 1.00 kWh/d, a 50% reduction from the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard. The options--such as improved cabinet and door insulation, a high-efficiency compressor, a low-wattage fan, a large counterflow evaporator, and adaptive defrost control--were incorporated into prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinets and refrigeration systems. The refrigerant HFC-134a was used as a replacement for CFC-12. The baseline energy performance of the production refrigerator-freezers, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. The project consisted of three main phases: (1) an evaluation of energy-efficient design options using computer simulation models and experimental testing, (2) design and testing of an initial prototype unit, and (3) energy and economic analyses of a final prototype. The final prototype achieved an energy consumption level of 0.93 kWh/d--an improvement of 45% over the baseline unit and 54% over the 1993 NAECA standard for 20-fg{sup 3} (570-L) units. The manufacturer`s cost for those improvements was estimated at $134; assuming that cost is doubled for the consumer, it would take about 11.4 years to pay for the design changes. Since the payback period was thought to be unfeasible, a second, more cost-effective design was also tested. Its energy consumption level was 1.16 kWh/d, a 42% energy savings, at a manufacturer`s cost increase of $53. Again assuming a 100% markup, the payback for this unit would be 6.6 years.

  20. Performance Monitoring of Residential Hot Water Distribution Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liao, Anna; Lanzisera, Steven; Lutz, Jim; Fitting, Christian; Kloss, Margarita; Stiles, Christopher

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Current water distribution systems are designed such that users need to run the water for some time to achieve the desired temperature, wasting energy and water in the process. We developed a wireless sensor network for large-scale, long time-series monitoring of residential water end use. Our system consists of flow meters connected to wireless motes transmitting data to a central manager mote, which in turn posts data to our server via the internet. This project also demonstrates a reliable and flexible data collection system that could be configured for various other forms of end use metering in buildings. The purpose of this study was to determine water and energy use and waste in hot water distribution systems in California residences. We installed meters at every end use point and the water heater in 20 homes and collected 1s flow and temperature data over an 8 month period. For a typical shower and dishwasher events, approximately half the energy is wasted. This relatively low efficiency highlights the importance of further examining the energy and water waste in hot water distribution systems.

  1. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

  2. Defrost Temperature Termination in Supermarket Refrigeration Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Sharma, Vishaldeep [ORNL

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to determine the potential energy savings associated with implementing demand defrost strategies to defrost supermarket refrigerated display case evaporators, as compared to the widely accepted current practice of controlling display case defrost cycles with a preset timer. The defrost heater energy use of several representative display case types was evaluated. In addition, demand defrost strategies for refrigerated display cases as well as those used in residential refrigerator/freezers were evaluated. Furthermore, it is anticipated that future work will include identifying a preferred defrost strategy, with input from Retail Energy Alliance members. Based on this strategy, a demand defrost system will be designed which is suitable for supermarket refrigerated display cases. Limited field testing of the preferred defrost strategy will be performed in a supermarket environment.

  3. Field performance of residential refrigerators: A comparison with the laboratory test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, A.; Jansky, R.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The field electricity use of 209 refrigerators was compared to their labeled consumption. The mean field use of all units was 1009 kWh/year, 882 kWh/year for top-freezers, and 1366 kWh/year for side-by-sides. There was considerable scatter in the results but, in general, the label overpredicted field use. The relationship could be best described with the formula, Annual Field Use = 0.94 [times] (Annual Label Us) - 85. For a typical unit with a labeled use of 1160 kWh/year, the field use was about 15% lower. There was considerable seasonality in energy use: the peak weeks generally occurred around the beginning of August. However, there was no simple relationship between the label value and the peak-week consumption.

  4. Field performance of residential refrigerators: A comparison with the laboratory test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, A.; Jansky, R.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The field electricity use of 209 refrigerators was compared to their labeled consumption. The mean field use of all units was 1009 kWh/year, 882 kWh/year for top-freezers, and 1366 kWh/year for side-by-sides. There was considerable scatter in the results but, in general, the label overpredicted field use. The relationship could be best described with the formula, Annual Field Use = 0.94 {times} (Annual Label Us) - 85. For a typical unit with a labeled use of 1160 kWh/year, the field use was about 15% lower. There was considerable seasonality in energy use: the peak weeks generally occurred around the beginning of August. However, there was no simple relationship between the label value and the peak-week consumption.

  5. A TEM study of soot, carbon nanotubes, and related fullerene nanopolyhedra in common fuel-gas combustion sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murr, L.E. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968 (United States)]. E-mail: fekberg@utep.edu; Soto, K.F. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968 (United States)

    2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoparticle aggregates collected by thermophoretic precipitation from natural gas-air and propane-air kitchen stove top flame exhausts, natural gas-air water heater roof-top exhausts, and other common fuel-gas combustion sources were observed by transmission electron microscopy to consist of occasional aggregates of mostly turbostratic carbon spherules, aggregates of crystalline graphite nanoparticles mixed with other fullerene nanoforms; and aggregates of various sizes of multiwall carbon nanotubes and other multishell, fullerene polyhedra for optimal blue-flame combustion. The carbon nanotube structures and end cap variations as well as fullerene polyhedral structures were observed to be the same as those for arc-evaporation produced nanoaggregates. Nanoparticle aggregation or the occurrence of carbon nanoforms always occurred as aggregates with nominal sizes ranging from about 0.5 {mu}m to 1.5 {mu}m.

  6. Heat powered refrigeration compressor. Semi-annual technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goad, R.R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this program is to develop and improve the design of previously started prototypes of the Heat Powered Refrigeration Compressor. To build this prototype and ready it for testing by the University of Evansville is another goal. This prototype will be of similar capacity as the compressor that will eventually be commercially produced. This unit can operate on almost any moderate temperature water heat source. This heat source could include such applications as industrial waste heat, solar, wood burning stove, resistance electrical heat produced by a windmill, or even perhaps heat put out by the condenser of another refrigeration system. Work performed in the past four months has consisted of: engineering of HX-1; comparisons of specifications from different companies to ensure state of the art applications of parts for project; coordinating project requirements with machine shop; designing condenser; and partial assembly of HX-1.

  7. Annual review of energy and the environment: Volume 19, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Socolow, R.H. (ed.) (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)); Anderson, D. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)); Harte, J. (ed.) (Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book deals with energy and environmental issues in the United States and Europe. Some articles focus on specific technologies, three within the energy supply system and three within the energy end-use system. The supply category includes articles on the international gas trade, the nuclear power system, and hydropower. Each is a demonstration of the tools of social science illuminating the economically feasible and the technologically responsible. The end-use category includes articles on the automobile, the air conditioner and refrigerator, and the solar pump or stove. Past policies and present realities of the relationships between current economics and environmental problems are presented. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases.

  8. Operating experience with 100% pellet burden on Amanda blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keaton, D.E.; Minakawa, T. (Armco Steel Co., Middletown, OH (United States). Ironmaking Dept.)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of significant changes in operations at the Ashland Works of the Armco Steel Company occurred in 1992 which directly impacted the Amanda Blast Furnace operation. These changes included the shutdown of the hot strip mill which resulted in coke oven gas enrichment of the Amanda stoves and an increase of 75 C in hot blast temperature, transition to 100% continuous cast operation which resulted in increased variation of the hot metal demand, and the July idling of the sinter plant. Historically, the Amanda Blast Furnace burden was 30% fluxed sinter and 70% acid pellet. It was anticipated that the change to 100% pellet burden would require changes in charging practice and alter furnace performance. The paper gives a general furnace description and then describes the burden characteristics, operating practice with 30% sinter/70% acid pellet burden, preparations for the 100% acid pellet burden operation, the 100% acid pellet operation, and the 100% fluxed pellet burden operation.

  9. Potential adverse health effects of wood smoke

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierson, W.E.; Koenig, J.Q.; Bardana, E.J. Jr.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of wood stoves has increased greatly in the past decade, causing concern in many communities about the health effects of wood smoke. Wood smoke is known to contain such compounds as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, aldehydes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and fine respirable particulate matter. All of these have been shown to cause deleterious physiologic responses in laboratory studies in humans. Some compounds found in wood smoke--benzo(a)pyrene and formaldehyde--are possible human carcinogens. Fine particulate matter has been associated with decreased pulmonary function in children and with increased chronic lung disease in Nepal, where exposure to very high amounts of wood smoke occurs in residences. Wood smoke fumes, taken from both outdoor and indoor samples, have shown mutagenic activity in short-term bioassay tests. Because of the potential health effects of wood smoke, exposure to this source of air pollution should be minimal.29 references.

  10. Domestic smoke pollution and acute respiratory infections in a rural community of the hill region of Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandey, M.R.; Neupane, R.P.; Gautam, A.; Shrestha, I.B. (Mrigendra Medical Trust, Kathmandu (Nepal))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the cause of death for at least five million children per year under five years of age. Most of these deaths occur in developing countries. Domestic smoke pollution is very common in many parts of the developing world, and appropriate technology, such as smokeless stoves, is available to reduce this type of pollution. The present study has been undertaken in a rural community of the hill region of Nepal to find out if there is any association between domestic smoke pollution and ARI in infants and children younger than two years of age. This preliminary study showed that episodes of moderate and severe ARI increased with increases in the level of exposure to domestic smoke pollution, thus suggesting domestic smoke pollution to be an important, preventable risk factor of ARI.

  11. Key Residential Building Equipment Technologies for Control and Grid Support PART I (Residential)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical energy consumption of the residential sector is a crucial area of research that has in the past primarily focused on increasing the efficiency of household devices such as water heaters, dishwashers, air conditioners, and clothes washer and dryer units. However, the focus of this research is shifting as objectives such as developing the smart grid and ensuring that the power system remains reliable come to the fore, along with the increasing need to reduce energy use and costs. Load research has started to focus on mechanisms to support the power system through demand reduction and/or reliability services. The power system relies on matching generation and load, and day-ahead and real-time energy markets capture most of this need. However, a separate set of grid services exist to address the discrepancies in load and generation arising from contingencies and operational mismatches, and to ensure that the transmission system is available for delivery of power from generation to load. Currently, these grid services are mostly provided by generation resources. The addition of renewable resources with their inherent variability can complicate the issue of power system reliability and lead to the increased need for grid services. Using load as a resource, through demand response programs, can fill the additional need for flexible resources and even reduce costly energy peaks. Loads have been shown to have response that is equal to or better than generation in some cases. Furthermore, price-incentivized demand response programs have been shown to reduce the peak energy requirements, thereby affecting the wholesale market efficiency and overall energy prices. The residential sector is not only the largest consumer of electrical energy in the United States, but also has the highest potential to provide demand reduction and power system support, as technological advancements in load control, sensor technologies, and communication are made. The prevailing loads based on the largest electrical energy consumers in the residential sector are space heating and cooling, washer and dryer, water heating, lighting, computers and electronics, dishwasher and range, and refrigeration. As the largest loads, these loads provide the highest potential for delivering demand response and reliability services. Many residential loads have inherent flexibility that is related to the purpose of the load. Depending on the load type, electric power consumption levels can either be ramped, changed in a step-change fashion, or completely removed. Loads with only on-off capability (such as clothes washers and dryers) provide less flexibility than resources that can be ramped or step-changed. Add-on devices may be able to provide extra demand response capabilities. Still, operating residential loads effectively requires awareness of the delicate balance of occupants health and comfort and electrical energy consumption. This report is Phase I of a series of reports aimed at identifying gaps in automated home energy management systems for incorporation of building appliances, vehicles, and renewable adoption into a smart grid, specifically with the intent of examining demand response and load factor control for power system support. The objective is to capture existing gaps in load control, energy management systems, and sensor technology with consideration of PHEV and renewable technologies to establish areas of research for the Department of Energy. In this report, (1) data is collected and examined from state of the art homes to characterize the primary residential loads as well as PHEVs and photovoltaic for potential adoption into energy management control strategies; and (2) demand response rules and requirements across the various demand response programs are examined for potential participation of residential loads. This report will be followed by a Phase II report aimed at identifying the current state of technology of energy management systems, sensors, and communication technologies for demand response and load factor control applications

  12. The Demand Reduction Potential of Smart Appliances in U.S. Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Srivastava, Viraj; Parker, Graham B.

    2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The widespread deployment of demand respond (DR) enabled home appliances is expected to have significant reduction in the demand of electricity during peak hours. The work documented in this paper focuses on estimating the energy shift resulting from the installation of DR enabled smart appliances in the U.S. This estimation is based on analyzing the market for smart appliances and calculating the total energy demand that can potentially be shifted by DR control in appliances. Appliance operation is examined by considering their sub components individually to identify their energy consumptions and savings resulting from interrupting and shifting their load, e.g., by delaying the refrigerator defrost cycle. In addition to major residential appliances, residential pool pumps are also included in this study given their energy consumption profiles that make them favorable for DR applications. In the market analysis study documented in this paper, the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) databases are used to examine the expected life of an appliance, the number of appliances installed in homes constructed in 10 year intervals after 1940 and home owner income. Conclusions about the effectiveness of the smart appliances in reducing electrical demand have been drawn and a ranking of appliances in terms of their contribution to load shift is presented. E.g., it was concluded that DR enabled water heaters result in the maximum load shift; whereas, dishwashers have the highest user elasticity and hence the highest potential for load shifting through DR. This work is part of a larger effort to bring novel home energy management concepts and technologies to reduce energy consumption, reduce peak electricity demand, integrate renewables and storage technology, and change homeowner behavior to manage and consume less energy and potentially save consumer energy costs.

  13. Low temperature cold trapping of uranium hexafluoride containing hydrogen fluoride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hobbs, W.E.; Barber, E.J.; Jones, C.G.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of a freezer-sublimer system operating at low desublimation pressures to replace 10-in. nuclearly safe cold traps for low assay (<5% U-235) uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) would significantly simplify operations and is economically attractive provided the nuclear safety of the system can be assured. A major requirement of such assurance is the availability of conditions guaranteeing that the nuclear safety design criterion, which requires that the H/U atomic ratio in the condensate in the freezer-sublimer always be less than 0.33 for assays up to 5%, will never be violated. A general vapor pressure equation giving the vapor pressure of HF-UF{sub 6} solutions as a function of temperature and mole fraction UF{sub 6} has been developed. The precision of the data at the 95% confidence level is {plus minus}0.1 torr at temperatures between {minus}100{degree}F and {minus}121{degree}F. The calculated vapor pressure of pure HF is 4.6 torr at {minus}100{degree}F and 3.1 torr at {minus}108{degree}F. Theoretical considerations suggest that the true value will be slightly lower. In experimental studies of the cold trapping operation at {minus}108{degree}F and at a trap pressure of 2.2 torr, only 7.3% of the HF entering the trap was retained in the trap. At a trap pressure of 4.6 torr, over 80% of the HF entering the trap was retained. The data obtained in this study confirms that the physical chemistry of the HF-UF{sub 6} system previously developed accurately describes the behavior of the system and that so long as the pressure in the trap is maintained below the vapor pressure of pure HF at the trap temperatures, there is no way that sufficient HF can be trapped to give an H/U ratio of 0.33 regardless of the HF/UF{sub 6} ratio in the feed to the trap. 5 refs., 4 tabs.

  14. Ethanol oxidation on metal oxide-supported platinum catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Petkovic 090468; Sergey N. Rashkeev; D. M. Ginosar

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ethanol is a renewable fuel that can be used as an additive to gasoline (or its substitute) with the advantage of octane enhancement and reduced carbon monoxide exhaust emissions. However, on Ethanol is a renewable fuel that can be used as an additive to gasoline (or its substitute) with the advantage of octane enhancement and reduced carbon monoxide exhaust emissions. However, on the standard three-way catalysts, the conversion of unburned ethanol is low because both ethanol and some of its partially oxidized derivatives are highly resistant to oxidation. A combination of first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) based calculations and in-situ diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) analysis was applied to uncover some of the fundamental phenomena associated with ethanol oxidation on Pt containing catalysts. In particular, the objective was to analyze the role of the oxide (i.e., ?-Al2O3 or SiO2) substrate on the ethanol oxidation activity. The results showed that Pt nanoparticles trap and accumulate oxygen at their surface and perimeter sites and play the role of “stoves” that burn ethanol molecules and their partially oxidized derivatives to the “final” products. The ?-Al2O3 surfaces provided higher mobility of the fragments of ethanol molecules than the SiO2 surface and hence increased the supply rate of these objects to the Pt particles. This will in turn produce a higher conversion rate of unburned ethanol.and some of its partially oxidized derivatives are highly resistant to oxidation. A combination of first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) based calculations and in-situ diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) analysis was applied to uncover some of the fundamental phenomena associated with ethanol oxidation on Pt containing catalysts. In particular, the objective was to analyze the role of the oxide (i.e., ?-Al2O3 or SiO2) substrate on the ethanol oxidation activity. The results showed that Pt nanoparticles trap and accumulate oxygen at their surface and perimeter sites and play the role of “stoves” that burn ethanol molecules and their partially oxidized derivatives to the “final” products. The ?-Al2O3 surfaces provided higher mobility of the fragments of ethanol molecules than the SiO2 surface and hence increased the supply rate of these objects to the Pt particles. This will in turn produce a higher conversion rate of unburned ethanol.

  15. Thermoelectric applications as related to biomedical engineering for NASA Johnson Space Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, C.D.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents current NASA biomedical developments and applications using thermoelectrics. Discussion will include future technology enhancements that would be most beneficial to the application of thermoelectric technology. A great deal of thermoelectric applications have focused on electronic cooling. As with all technological developments within NASA, if the application cannot be related to the average consumer, the technology will not be mass-produced and widely available to the public (a key to research and development expenditures and thermoelectric companies). Included are discussions of thermoelectric applications to cool astronauts during launch and reentry. The earth-based applications, or spin-offs, include such innovations as tank and race car driver cooling, to cooling infants with high temperatures, as well as, the prevention of hair loss during chemotherapy. In order to preserve the scientific value of metabolic samples during long-term space missions, cooling is required to enable scientific studies. Results of one such study should provide a better understanding of osteoporosis and may lead to a possible cure for the disease. In the space environment, noise has to be kept to a minimum. In long-term space applications such as the International Space Station, thermoelectric technology provides the acoustic relief and the reliability for food, as well as, scientific refrigeration/freezers. Applications and future needs are discussed as NASA moves closer to a continued space presence in Mir, International Space Station, and Lunar-Mars Exploration.

  16. Non-CFC vacuum alternatives for the energy-efficient insulation of household refrigerators: Design and use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, T.F.; Benson, D.K.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy efficiency, environmental issues, and market incentives all encourage government and industry to continue work on thin-profile vacuum insulations for domestic refrigerators and freezers (R/Fs). Vacuum insulations promise significant improvement in thermal savings over current insulations; the technical objective of one design is an R-value of better than 10 (hr-ft{sup 2}-F/Btu) in 0.1 in. thickness. If performance is improved by a factor of 10 over that of CFC-blown insulating foams, the new insulations (made without CFCs or other potentially troublesome fill gases) will change the design and improve the efficiency of refrigerators. Such changes will meet the conservation, regulatory, and market drivers now strong in developed countries and likely to increase in developing countries. Prototypes of various designs have been tested in the laboratory and in factories, and results to date confirm the good thermal performance of these thin-profile alternatives. The next step is to resolve issues of reliability and cost effectiveness. 34 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Development of energy-efficiency standards for Indian refrigerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhatia, P.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of advanced techniques in engineering simulation and economic analysis for the development of efficiency standards for Indian refrigerators is illustrated in this paper. A key feature of this methodology is refrigerator simulation to generate energy savings for a set of energy-efficient design options and life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis with these design options. The LCC of a refrigerator is analyzed as a function of five variables: nominal discount rate, fuel price, appliance lifetime, incremental price, and incremental energy savings. The frequency of occurrence of the LCC minimum at any design option indicates the optimum efficiency level or range. Studies carried out in the US and European Economic Community show that the location of the LCC minimum under different scenarios (e.g., variable fuel price, life-time, discount rate, and incremental price) is quite stable. Thus, an efficiency standard can be developed based on the efficiency value at the LCC minimum. This paper examines and uses this methodology in developing efficiency standards for Indian refrigerators. The potential efficiency standard value is indicated to be 0.65 kWh/day for a 165-liter, CFC-based, manual defrost, single-door refrigerator-freezer.

  18. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

  19. Energy Efficiency Upgrades

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roby Williams

    2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy efficiency upgrades project at Hardin County General Hospital did not include research nor was it a demonstration project. The project enabled the hospital to replace outdated systems with modern efficient models. Hardin County General Hospital is a 501c3, nonprofit hospital and the sole community provider for Hardin and Pope Counties of Illinois. This project provided much needed equipment and facility upgrades that would not have been possible through locally generated funding. Task 1 was a reroofing of the hospital. The hospital architect designed the replacement to increase the energy efficiency of the hospital roof/ceiling structure. Task 2 was replacement and installation of a new more efficient CT scanner for the hospital. Included in the project was replacement of HVAC equipment for the entire radiological suite. Task 5 was a replacement and installation of a new higher capacity diesel-fueled emergency generator for the hospital replacing a 50+ year old gas-fired generator. Task 7 was the replacement of 50+ year-old walk-in cooler/freezer with a newer, energy efficient model. Task 8 was the replacement of 10+ year-old washing machines in the hospital laundry with higher capacity, energy efficient models. Task 9 was replacement of 50-year old single pane curtain window system with double-pane insulated windows. Additionally, insulation was added around ventilation systems and the curtain wall system.

  20. Impacts of rural energy costs and availabilities in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jama, M.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study sought to examine energy-consumption patterns in a cross section of rural households in Kenya and to analyze how these use patterns relate to socio-economic, demographic, institutional, and energy market factors. The models specified were demands for fuelwood, charcoal, kerosene, commercial heat energy, and aggregate energy. For fuelwood, a probit analysis was utilized to determine the conditional probability of fuelwood consumption and a least-squares regression to determine quantity consumed. Ordinary regression was used to estimate demand for the other fuels. The research indicates that household incomes, family size, improved ceramic stoves, other fuels, and occupation are the most influential variables on consumption of various fuels. The quantities of fuelwood, charcoal, and kerosene consumed are not very responsive to changes in income. Aggregate energy is income-inelastic and a normal good, while woodfuel and kerosene are inferior products. The model indicates that redirection of a 10% increase in income, so that only the low-income households benefit, would cause only a small, 1% increase in fuelwood consumption.