EIS-0417: South Mountain Freeway (Loop 202); Phoenix, Arizona
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Federal Highway Administration and Arizona Department of Transportation, with Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, prepared an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of the proposed South Mountain Freeway (Loop 202) project in the Greater Metropolitan Phoenix Area.
An evaluation of inductance loop detector lead length and optimal speed trap distance
Hamm, Robert Alan
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
component of freeway management systems is the inductance loop detector. This research effort evaluated the use of inductance loop detectors in a freeway management situation to determine maximum permissible lead lengths and an optimal speed trap distance...
FREEWAY PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM (PeMS): AN OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS TOOL
Varaiya, Pravin
that are based on limited data due to the high effort and cost involved in field data collection. The use of Pe of Freeway Operations California Department of Transportation District 7 120 S Spring Street Los Angeles, CA/day of 30-second loop detector data in real time to produce useful information. Managers at any time can
Accident Analysis and Prevention 36 (2004) 933946 Freeway safety as a function of traffic flow
Detwiler, Russell
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accident Analysis and Prevention 36 (2004) 933946 Freeway safety as a function of traffic flow of strong relationships between traffic flow conditions and the likelihood of traffic accidents (crashes reserved. Keywords: Traffic safety; Accident rates; Traffic flow; Loop detectors; Speed; Traffic density
City of Pomona, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks - As PreparedBovina,Huntsville,Neodesha, KansasPeabody,Pomona, Kansas (Utility Company)
Pomona, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County,1980) | OpenAl.,PetroAsia EnergyPocatello, Idaho: EnergyPolicyPolkPolysolarPomona, New
Automatic Calibration of Freeway Models with Model-Based Fault Detection
Dervisoglu, Gunes
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
3 Automatic Freeway Model Calibration Procedure 3.1 FreewayR. Horowitz, and P. Varaiya. Automatic calibration of theAutomatic Calibration of Freeway Models with Model-Based
Central Puget Sound freeway network usage and performance. Research report
Ishimaru, J.M.; Hallenbeck, M.E.
1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The summary report presents an overview of the level of traveler usage (e.g., how many vehicles use the freeways) and travel performance (e.g., how fast they are traveling, where and how often congestion occurs) on the principal urban freeways in the central Puget Sound area for 1997. Data presented in this report were collected by the Washington State Department of Transportation`s (WDSOT`s) freeway surveillance system.
FREEWAY PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM: MINING LOOP DETECTOR DATA
Varaiya, Pravin
be added incrementally. PeMS applications are accessed over the World Wide Web. Custom applications can Transportation Research Board January 2001 Washington, D.C. July 24, 2000 No WORDS: 3106 Plus 7 Figures (1750-of-the-shelf products for communication and computation. Detector data are retrieved over the Caltrans ATM wide area
EIS-0417: South Mountain Freeway (Loop 202); Phoenix, Arizona | Department
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil, and GasStatement | Department of EnergyDraftImpactof Energy 17: South
A study of driver behavior on freeway entrance ramps
Edwards, Fred Huntley
1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for assistance in the collection of field data. Gratitude is also expressed to the Automotive Safety Foundation for their having granted the writer an Automotive Safety Foundation Scholarship. SYNQPSiS The study of freeway entrance design has received... . The field data were gathered through the use of motion picture studies which utilized a dual camera technique. One 16 mm camera, equipped with a six inch telephoto lens, was positioned on an elevated vantage point across the freeway from the ramp...
Pomona Skate Park A Place for Skateboarders to Have Fun: Legally
Young, Terence
have an impact on crime? The focus of this narrative is on Pomona skate park at Palomares Park some insight as to how well the neighborhood surrounding Palomares Park has fared since the inception of the Skate Park in 2003. MLK Park has a small skateboard area and lies geographically opposite Palomares Park
Young, Terence
utilized as irrigation for these locations, it is critical to retrofit existing systems and implement newSustainable Water Practices at Pomona's Parks: Improving Irrigation Use and Stormwater Runoff be leading the way towards a sustainable future. However, this is not the case. Landscape irrigation
Effects of disabled vehicles stopped on a freeway shoulder
Wilshire, Roy Leon
1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
EFFECTS OF !3ISABLED VEHICLES STOPPFD ON A FREEWAY SHOULDER A Thesis ROY LEON WILSHIRE S" bmitted to tl-, e Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechar. ical Col lege of Texas in partial fulfillment of the t equiremcnts for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1963 Major Subject; Cevil Engineering EFFECTS OF DISABLED VEHICLES STOPPED ON A FREEWAY SHOULDER A Thesis By ROY LEON WILSHIRE Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee H ad of Department August 196 3...
Effects of disabled vehicles stopped on a freeway shoulder
Wilshire, Roy Leon
1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
EFFECTS OF !3ISABLED VEHICLES STOPPFD ON A FREEWAY SHOULDER A Thesis ROY LEON WILSHIRE S" bmitted to tl-, e Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechar. ical Col lege of Texas in partial fulfillment of the t equiremcnts for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1963 Major Subject; Cevil Engineering EFFECTS OF DISABLED VEHICLES STOPPED ON A FREEWAY SHOULDER A Thesis By ROY LEON WILSHIRE Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee H ad of Department August 196 3...
AN UNSCENTED KALMAN FILTER FOR FREEWAY TRAFFIC ESTIMATION
Mihaylova, Lyudmila
AN UNSCENTED KALMAN FILTER FOR FREEWAY TRAFFIC ESTIMATION L. Mihaylova , R. Boel and A. Hegyi at boundaries between some segments and averaged within regular time intervals. An Unscented Kalman filter state. Keywords: macroscopic traffic models, unscented Kalman filter, particle filter 1. INTRODUCTION
Xu, Lei
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
survey of travelers on the Katy and Northwest Freeway GPLs who were not enrolled in QuickRide. Based on survey results, more travelers would choose to drive on the HOT lanes as SOV travelers during the off-peak periods when the facilities provided higher...
Evaluating the Health of California's Loop Sensor Network Ram Rajagopal1 and Pravin Varaiya
Varaiya, Pravin
Evaluating the Health of California's Loop Sensor Network Ram Rajagopal1 and Pravin Varaiya The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) freeway sensor network has two compo- nents: the sensor system of 25,000 inductive loop sensors grouped into 8,000 vehicle detector sta- tions (VDS) and covering
An investigation of factors affecting the design location of freeway ramps
Tipton, William Earl
1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Interchanges Gulf Freeway, Houston, Texas Study Area ? Gulf Freeway, Houston, Texas License Plate Recording Points. 10 Cullen Interchange Outbound . Telephone Interchange Outbound . Woodridge Interchange Outbound 14 15 10. Wayside Interchange Outbound... Cullen Interchange Inbound . . 18 19 Data Collection Points 27 12. Esterline-Angus 20-Pen Recorder 30 13. 14. Comparison 1 of Acceptable Gap Probability Comparison 2 of Acceptable Gap Probability 36 37 15, Freeway Ramp Spacing Study Location 40...
Detection and Communication Systems for Urban Intersections, Freeways, and Parking Lots, Extracting More for Urban Intersections, Freeways, and Parking Lots, Extracting More Information from the Existing Freeway of Changes in Graduated Licensing Laws in California, Smart Parking Management Pilot Project: A Bay Area
Using NASA-Task Load Index to Assess Drivers' Workload on Freeway Guide Sign Structures
Using NASA-Task Load Index to Assess Drivers' Workload on Freeway Guide Sign Structures Fengxiang are carefully analyzed using the NASA-Task Load Index. With the statistical analyses of questionnaires
Application of Microscopic Simulation to Evaluate the Safety Performance of Freeway Weaving Sections
Le, Thanh Quang
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
This study adopted the traffic conflict technique, investigated and applied it for evaluation of freeway weaving section safety performance. Conflicts between vehicles were identified based on the state of interactions ...
Validating Dynamic Message Sign Freeway Travel Time Messages Using Ground Truth Geospatial Data
Bertini, Robert L.
Validating Dynamic Message Sign Freeway Travel Time Messages Using Ground Truth Geospatial Data agencies have invested more than $300 million in dynamic message sign (DMS) systems for communicating important messages to travelers, including weather conditions, incidents, construction, homeland security
Investigation of lane occupancy as a freeway control parameter for use during incident conditions
Friebele, John Duncan
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
downstream of a subsystem and control of the safety warning device were accomplished. Successful opexation of the device depended, however, on accurate pex'formance of' the freeway detectors, Bequirements for the detection system were also evaluated, and..., zesult in a more cost- effective snd. perhaps reliable system. The Los Angeles Az'ea Surveillance Project proposes to utilize measured lane occupancy i'or the early de+ection of unusual incidents on the freeway. Although the project is in its early...
Smith, Frank Miller
1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AN ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE CORRELATIONS OF FREEWAY TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS WITH SPECIFIC GEOMETRIC DESIGN FEATURES A Thesis By Frank Miller Smith, Jr. Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1960 Major Subject: Civil Engineering AN ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE CORRELATIONS OF FREEWAY TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS WITH 'SPECIFIC GEOMETRIC DESIGN FEATURES A Thesis By Frank Miller...
Fast-track urban freeway rehabilitation with 55-h weekend closures: I-710 long beach case study
Lee, E B; Lee, H; Harvey, J T
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
analysis for highway rehabilitation strategies. ” J. Constr.Impact of urban freeway rehabilitation on network traf?c:urban concrete pavement rehabilitation on Interstate 10. ”
An investigation of the feasibility of improving freeway operation by staggering working hours
Santerre, Gary Lee
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, on the west by Cullen Street, on the east by Calhoun Street, and on the south by Wheeler Street. The athletic fields and some parking lots are located west of Cullen Street. All entrances to parking areas at the University of Houston are within nine... and the Cullen exit ramp. For outbound freeway traffic the Cullen exit ramp was selected. In order to determine the number of vehicles that exited the Gulf Freeway with a destination at the University of Houston all major and most minor entrances...
Bertini, Robert L.
Exploration of Weather Impacts on Freeway Traffic Operations and Safety Using High-Resolution Weather Data by Chengyu Dai A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Moradkhani Kristin Tufte Portland State University ©2011 #12;i ABSTRACT Adverse weather is considered as one
Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality
Bertini, Robert L.
Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality Alexander August 2012 Received in revised form 6 March 2013 Accepted 23 September 2013 Keywords: External costs Traffic congestion On-road In-vehicle Pollution exposure Vehicle emissions a b s t r a c t The health cost
The Freeway Service Patrol Evaluation Project: Database, Support Programs, and Accessibility
Varaiya, Pravin
, and the eorts to place the data and the programs online for use by researchers around the country. 1The Freeway Service Patrol Evaluation Project: Database, Support Programs, and Accessibility Karl PATH Program University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720 and Haitham Al-Deek Department
QUANTIFYING CROSS-WEAVE IMPACT ON CAPACITY REDUCTION FOR FREEWAY FACILITIES WITH MANAGED LANES
Washington at Seattle, University of
raises concerns towards environmental impact and sustainable development of transportation5 systems. One With the increasing concerns towards environmental impacts and sustainability of roadway2 capacity expansionDRAFT QUANTIFYING CROSS-WEAVE IMPACT ON CAPACITY REDUCTION FOR FREEWAY FACILITIES WITH MANAGED
Monismith, Carl L.; Harvey, John T; Tsai, Bor-Wen; Long, Fenella; Signore, J.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Analysis for Highway Rehabilitation Strategies (CA4PRS).the Long Life Pavement Rehabilitation Strategies (LLPRS)I-710 Phase 1 Freeway rehabilitation, fatigue and permanent
Azevedo, Ricardo
TCHAPP University of Houston - Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid 5000 Gulf Freeway, ERP 2 of Scholarships and Financial Aid 5000 Gulf Freeway, ERP 2 Room 224, Houston, TX 77204-2010 Phone: (713
B. Bruegmann
1993-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
The loop representation plays an important role in canonical quantum gravity because loop variables allow a natural treatment of the constraints. In these lectures we give an elementary introduction to (i) the relevant history of loops in knot theory and gauge theory, (ii) the loop representation of Maxwell theory, and (iii) the loop representation of canonical quantum gravity. (Based on lectures given at the 117. Heraeus Seminar, Bad Honnef, Sept. 1993)
Lee, Sibok
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
signal timing. 29 Simulation Run The total simulation period was 2 hours (from 9:30 to 11:30 A. M. ). The assumed incident location is shown in Figure 4. This freeway section has 4 lanes in each direction. The incident occurs at 10:00 A. M... period (10:00 - 10:30 A. M. ) for all diversion percentages. METHODOLOGY FOR COMPARISON AND EVALUATION A number of comparisons and evaluations can be made with the results from a series of CORFLO simulation runs. Most of the evaluation efforts were...
A digital computer simulation of vehicle merging and weaving on a freeway segment
Meserole, Thomas Chilton
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A DIGITAL CO~ SIMULATION OF VEHICLE MERGING AND WEAVING ON A FREEHAY SEGbBZZ A Thesis by THOMAS CHILTON MESEROLE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas AR? University in partial fulfillment of the requirements i' or the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1966 Major Subject: Computer Science A DIGITAL COMPUTER SIMULATION OF VEHICLE MERGING AND WEAVING ON A FREEWAY S~ A Thesis by THOMAS CHILTON MESEROLE Approved $o style and content by: rman of' Commit ee Hea of spar ment...
A digital computer simulation of vehicle merging and weaving on a freeway segment
Meserole, Thomas Chilton
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A DIGITAL CO~ SIMULATION OF VEHICLE MERGING AND WEAVING ON A FREEHAY SEGbBZZ A Thesis by THOMAS CHILTON MESEROLE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas AR? University in partial fulfillment of the requirements i' or the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1966 Major Subject: Computer Science A DIGITAL COMPUTER SIMULATION OF VEHICLE MERGING AND WEAVING ON A FREEWAY S~ A Thesis by THOMAS CHILTON MESEROLE Approved $o style and content by: rman of' Commit ee Hea of spar ment...
Casteel, David Bryan
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AN ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT EXPERIENCE AT ENTRANCE RAMPS WITHIN CONSTRUCTION WORK ZONES AT LONG-TERM FREEWAY RECONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN TEXAS A Thesis by DAVID BRYAN CASTEEL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Civil Engineering AN ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT EXPERIENCE AT ENTRANCE RAMPS WITHIN CONSTRUCTION WORK ZONES AT LONG-TERM FREEWAY RECONSTRUCTION PROJECTS...
Geocaching & Pomona's Public Parks
Young, Terence
GPS-enabled devices. Participants navigate to a specific set of GPS coordinates and then attempt, then there use would increase. #12;iii Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction
Warne, Larry Kevin; Lucero, Larry Martin; Langston, William L.; Salazar, Robert Austin; Coleman, Phillip Dale; Basilio, Lorena I.; Bacon, Larry Donald
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report estimates inductively-coupled energy to a low-impedance load in a loop-to-loop arrangement. Both analytical models and full-wave numerical simulations are used and the resulting fields, coupled powers and energies are compared. The energies are simply estimated from the coupled powers through approximations to the energy theorem. The transmitter loop is taken to be either a circular geometry or a rectangular-loop (stripline-type) geometry that was used in an experimental setup. Simple magnetic field models are constructed and used to estimate the mutual inductance to the receiving loop, which is taken to be circular with one or several turns. Circuit elements are estimated and used to determine the coupled current and power (an equivalent antenna picture is also given). These results are compared to an electromagnetic simulation of the transmitter geometry. Simple approximate relations are also given to estimate coupled energy from the power. The effect of additional loads in the form of attached leads, forming transmission lines, are considered. The results are summarized in a set of susceptibility-type curves. Finally, we also consider drives to the cables themselves and the resulting common-to-differential mode currents in the load.
Guinski, Rodrigo 1980-
2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
.................................................................................................. 40 Max/MSP/Jitter ............................................................................................. 41 Processing ..................................................................................................... 42 Interactivity... different technologies (LCD, CRT) and which textures could be obtained. This increased the repertoire of subjects that I would explore in the phasing loops. I compared Adobe Flash, Max/MSP Jitter and Processing in order to identify the best option...
Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)
2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
A flux locked loop for providing an electrical feedback signal, the flux locked loop employing radio-frequency components and technology to extend the flux modulation frequency and tracking loop bandwidth. The flux locked loop of the present invention has particularly useful application in read-out electronics for DC SQUID magnetic measurement systems, in which case the electrical signal output by the flux locked loop represents an unknown magnetic flux applied to the DC SQUID.
Yates, Alexander
, sentinel loops, accumulation loops, and nested loops. 1. Basic Step-by-Step Loops A basic step-by-step loop. Accumulation loops Accumulation loops keep track of and update information each time through the loop. Usually an accumulation loop. Accumulation loops are add-ons to either step-by-step or sentinel loops. You need to start
Jose M. G. Vilar; Leonor Saiz
2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
DNA looping plays a fundamental role in a wide variety of biological processes, providing the backbone for long range interactions on DNA. Here we develop the first model for DNA looping by an arbitrarily large number of proteins and solve it analytically in the case of identical binding. We uncover a switch-like transition between looped and unlooped phases and identify the key parameters that control this transition. Our results establish the basis for the quantitative understanding of fundamental cellular processes like DNA recombination, gene silencing, and telomere maintenance.
Martin Bojowald
2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
Inhomogeneous space-times in loop quantum cosmology have come under better control with recent advances in effective methods. Even highly inhomogeneous situations, for which multiverse scenarios provide extreme examples, can now be considered at least qualitatively.
Bojowald, Martin
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inhomogeneous space-times in loop quantum cosmology have come under better control with recent advances in effective methods. Even highly inhomogeneous situations, for which multiverse scenarios provide extreme examples, can now be considered at least qualitatively.
NETL - Chemical Looping Reactor
None
2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
NETL's Chemical Looping Reactor unit is a high-temperature integrated CLC process with extensive instrumentation to improve computational simulations. A non-reacting test unit is also used to study solids flow at ambient temperature. The CLR unit circulates approximately 1,000 pounds per hour at temperatures around 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit.
NETL - Chemical Looping Reactor
None
2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
NETL's Chemical Looping Reactor unit is a high-temperature integrated CLC process with extensive instrumentation to improve computational simulations. A non-reacting test unit is also used to study solids flow at ambient temperature. The CLR unit circulates approximately 1,000 pounds per hour at temperatures around 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit.
Coupled dual loop absorption heat pump
Sarkisian, Paul H. (Watertown, MA); Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A coupled dual loop absorption system which utilizes two separate complete loops. Each individual loop operates at three temperatures and two pressures. This low temperature loop absorber and condenser are thermally coupled to the high temperature loop evaporator, and the high temperature loop condenser and absorber are thermally coupled to the low temperature generator.
Pomona, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorks -09-0018-CXNuon Renewables Jump to:POSCOAlliantEnergy InformationPolk County
Vantage Pomona Heights | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS National Fuel Cell Research Center NFCRCUpshurValrico, Florida: EnergyVanderburghVantage
Pei, L.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; Soyars, W.; Martinez, A.; Bossert, R.; DeGraff, B.; Darve, C.; /Fermilab
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter oscillations. This paper presents a type of PID parameter self-optimal and Time-Delay control method used to reduce cryogenic system parameters oscillation.
Alexander V. Smirnov; Vladimir A. Smirnov; Matthias Steinhauser
2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the three-loop corrections to the potential of two heavy quarks. In particular we consider in this Letter the purely gluonic contribution which provides in combination with the fermion corrections of Ref. \\cite{Smirnov:2008pn} the complete answer at three loops.
Shang, Jer-Yu (Fairfax, VA); Mei, Joseph S. (Morgantown, WV); Slagle, Frank D. (Kingwood, WV); Notestein, John E. (Morgantown, WV)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention is directed to a combustion apparatus in the configuration of a oblong annulus defining a closed loop. Particulate coal together with a sulfur sorbent such as sulfur or dolomite is introduced into the closed loop, ignited, and propelled at a high rate of speed around the loop. Flue gas is withdrawn from a location in the closed loop in close proximity to an area in the loop where centrifugal force imposed upon the larger particulate material maintains these particulates at a location spaced from the flue gas outlet. Only flue gas and smaller particulates resulting from the combustion and innerparticle grinding are discharged from the combustor. This structural arrangement provides increased combustion efficiency due to the essentially complete combustion of the coal particulates as well as increased sulfur absorption due to the innerparticle grinding of the sorbent which provides greater particle surface area.
Thermoelectric Power Generation System with Loop Thermosyphon...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Power Generation System with Loop Thermosyphon in Future High Efficiency Hybrid Vehicles Thermoelectric Power Generation System with Loop Thermosyphon in Future High Efficiency...
Loop-deformed Poincaré algebra
Jakub Mielczarek
2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this essay we present evidence suggesting that loop quantum gravity leads to deformation of the local Poincar\\'e algebra within the limit of high energies. This deformation is a consequence of quantum modification of effective off-shell hypersurface deformation algebra. Surprisingly, the form of deformation suggests that the signature of space-time changes from Lorentzian to Euclidean at large curvatures. We construct particular realization of the loop-deformed Poincar\\'e algebra and find that it can be related to curved momentum space, which indicates the relationship with recently introduced notion of relative locality. The presented findings open a new way of testing loop quantum gravity effects.
Thermodynamics in Loop Quantum Cosmology
Li-Fang Li; Jian-Yang Zhu
2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
Loop quantum cosmology (LQC) is very powerful to deal with the behavior of early universe. And the effective loop quantum cosmology gives a successful description of the universe in the semiclassical region. We consider the apparent horizon of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe as a thermodynamical system and investigate the thermodynamics of LQC in the semiclassical region. The effective density and effective pressure in the modified Friedmann equation from LQC not only determine the evolution of the universe in LQC scenario but are actually also found to be the thermodynamic quantities. This result comes from the energy definition in cosmology (the Misner-Sharp gravitational energy) and is consistent with thermodynamic laws. We prove that within the framework of loop quantum cosmology, the elementary equation of equilibrium thermodynamics is still valid.
Detecting and escaping infinite loops using Bolt
Kling, Michael (Michael W.)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis we present Bolt, a novel system for escaping infinite loops. If a user suspects that an executing program is stuck in an infinite loop, the user can use the Bolt user interface, which attaches to the running ...
ALTERNATIVE LOOP RINGS Kenneth Kunen \\Lambda
Kunen, Ken
ALTERNATIVE LOOP RINGS Kenneth Kunen \\Lambda University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, U.S.A. email: kunen@math.wisc.edu December 24, 1996 DRAFT Abstract The right alternative law implies the left alternative law in loop rings of characteristic other than 2. We also exhibit a loop which fails to be a right
Integration Rules for Loop Scattering Equations
Baadsgaard, Christian; Bourjaily, Jacob L; Damgaard, Poul H; Feng, Bo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We formulate new integration rules for one-loop scattering equations analogous to those at tree-level, and test them in a number of non-trivial cases for amplitudes in scalar $\\phi^3$-theory. This formalism greatly facilitates the evaluation of amplitudes in the CHY representation at one-loop order, without the need to explicitly sum over the solutions to the loop-level scattering equations.
Hard-thermal-loop QED thermodynamics
Nan Su; Jens O. Andersen; Michael Strickland
2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The weak-coupling expansion for thermodynamic quantities in thermal field theories is poorly convergent unless the coupling constant is tiny. We discuss the calculation of the free energy for a hot gas of electrons and photons to three-loop order using hard-thermal-loop perturbation theory (HTLpt). We show that the hard-thermal-loop perturbation reorganization improves the convergence of the successive approximations to the QED free energy at large coupling, e ~ 2. The reorganization is gauge invariant by construction, and due to the cancellations among various contributions, we obtain a completely analytic result for the resummed thermodynamic potential at three loops.
Sandia National Laboratories: molten salt test loop
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
molten salt test loop Sandia-AREVA Commission Solar ThermalMolten Salt Energy-Storage Demonstration On May 21, 2014, in Capabilities, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy, Energy...
1McNEILL: JITTER IN PHASE-LOCKED LOOPS Jitter in Phase-Locked Loops
McNeill, John A.
1McNEILL: JITTER IN PHASE-LOCKED LOOPS Jitter in Phase-Locked Loops John McNeill Worcester Polytechnic Institute #12;2McNEILL: JITTER IN PHASE-LOCKED LOOPS Course Overview Â· Basic Theory Â· Applications Â· Measurement Techniques Â· Test Issues Â· Design Measurement Techniques Design Tools #12;3McNEILL: JITTER
Direct numerical integration for multi-loop integrals
Sebastian Becker; Stefan Weinzierl
2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method to construct a suitable contour deformation in loop momentum space for multi-loop integrals. This contour deformation can be used to perform the integration for multi-loop integrals numerically. The integration can be performed directly in loop momentum space without the introduction of Feynman or Schwinger parameters. The method can be applied to finite multi-loop integrals and to divergent multi-loop integrals with suitable subtraction terms. The algorithm extends techniques from the one-loop case to the multi-loop case. Examples at two and three loops are discussed explicitly.
Closed loop steam cooled airfoil
Widrig, Scott M.; Rudolph, Ronald J.; Wagner, Gregg P.
2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
An airfoil, a method of manufacturing an airfoil, and a system for cooling an airfoil is provided. The cooling system can be used with an airfoil located in the first stages of a combustion turbine within a combined cycle power generation plant and involves flowing closed loop steam through a pin array set within an airfoil. The airfoil can comprise a cavity having a cooling chamber bounded by an interior wall and an exterior wall so that steam can enter the cavity, pass through the pin array, and then return to the cavity to thereby cool the airfoil. The method of manufacturing an airfoil can include a type of lost wax investment casting process in which a pin array is cast into an airfoil to form a cooling chamber.
UWB communication receiver feedback loop
Spiridon, Alex (Palo Alto, CA); Benzel, Dave (Livermore, CA); Dowla, Farid U. (Castro Valley, CA); Nekoogar, Faranak (San Ramon, CA); Rosenbury, Erwin T. (Castro Valley, CA)
2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
A novel technique and structure that maximizes the extraction of information from reference pulses for UWB-TR receivers is introduced. The scheme efficiently processes an incoming signal to suppress different types of UWB as well as non-UWB interference prior to signal detection. Such a method and system adds a feedback loop mechanism to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of reference pulses in a conventional TR receiver. Moreover, sampling the second order statistical function such as, for example, the autocorrelation function (ACF) of the received signal and matching it to the ACF samples of the original pulses for each transmitted bit provides a more robust UWB communications method and system in the presence of channel distortions.
Ground Loops for Heat Pumps and Refrigeration
Braud, H. J.
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ground loops are used for water source heat pumps. Refrigeration can be put on a ground loop. Water-cooled condensing units are more efficient than air-cooled, and they can be put indoors. Indoor location makes piping for desuperheater hot water...
Ground Loops for Heat Pumps and Refrigeration
Braud, H. J.
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ground loops are used for water source heat pumps. Refrigeration can be put on a ground loop. Water-cooled condensing units are more efficient than air-cooled, and they can be put indoors. Indoor location makes piping for desuperheater hot water...
Cascading Closed Loop Cycle Power Generation
Romero, M.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
WOW Energies was issued Patent 6,857,268 B2 on Feb 22, 2005 titled “CASCADING CLOSED LOOP CYCLE (CCLC) and Patent 7,096,665 B2 on August 29, 2006 titled “CASCADING CLOSED LOOP CYCLE POWER GENERATION”. These patented technologies are collectively...
Damped transverse oscillations of interacting coronal loops
Soler, Roberto
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Damped transverse oscillations of magnetic loops are routinely observed in the solar corona. This phenomenon is interpreted as standing kink magnetohydrodynamic waves, which are damped by resonant absorption owing to plasma inhomogeneity across the magnetic field. The periods and damping times of these oscillations can be used to probe the physical conditions of the coronal medium. Some observations suggest that interaction between neighboring oscillating loops in an active region may be important and can modify the properties of the oscillations compared to those of an isolated loop. Here we theoretically investigate resonantly damped transverse oscillations of interacting non-uniform coronal loops. We provide a semi-analytic method, based on the T-matrix theory of scattering, to compute the frequencies and damping rates of collective oscillations of an arbitrary configuration of parallel cylindrical loops. The effect of resonant damping is included in the T-matrix scheme in the thin boundary approximation. ...
Power Generating Stationary Engines Nox Control: A Closed Loop...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Generating Stationary Engines Nox Control: A Closed Loop Control Technology Power Generating Stationary Engines Nox Control: A Closed Loop Control Technology Poster presented at...
DNA looping: the consequences and its control
Leonor Saiz; Jose M. G. Vilar
2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
The formation of DNA loops by proteins and protein complexes is ubiquitous to many fundamental cellular processes, including transcription, recombination, and replication. Here we review recent advances in understanding the properties of DNA looping in its natural context and how they propagate to the cellular behavior through gene regulation. The results of connecting the molecular properties with cellular physiology indicate that looping of DNA in vivo is much more complex and easier than predicted from current models and reveals a wealth of previously unappreciated details.
A new loop-reducing routing algorithm
Park, Sung-Woo
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Coming-up VI. Three Links Failed Page 51 51 52 52 53 53 . 54 54 55 Figure 5. 6. 7. 8. LIST OF FIGURES Bellman-Ford Algorithm Update Tables of Distributed Bellman-Ford Algorithm Two Types of a. Loop Two-Node Loop Multi-Node Loop... distances for all pairs of nodes in the subnet, and distributes updated routing information to all the nodes. The centralized algorithm, however, is vulnerable to a. single node failure ? if the NRC fails, all nodes in the network must stop their rout...
Modulation of DNA loop lifetimes by the free energy of loop formation
Chen, Yi-Ju; Mulligan, Peter; Spakowitz, Andrew J; Phillips, Rob
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Storage and retrieval of the genetic information in cells is a dynamic process that requires the DNA to undergo dramatic structural rearrangements. DNA looping is a prominent example of such a structural rearrangement that is essential for transcriptional regulation in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and the speed of such regulations affects the fitness of individuals. Here, we examine the in vitro looping dynamics of the classic Lac repressor gene-regulatory motif. We show that both loop association and loop dissociation at the DNA-repressor junctions depend on the elastic deformation of the DNA and protein, and that both looping and unlooping rates approximately scale with the looping J factor, which reflects the system's deformation free energy. We explain this observation by transition state theory and model the DNA-protein complex as an effective worm-like chain with twist. We introduce a finite protein-DNA binding interaction length, in competition with the characteristic DNA deformation length scale, ...
Energy release in driven twisted coronal loops
Bareford, M R; Browning, P K; Hood, A W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the present study we investigate magnetic reconnection in twisted magnetic fluxtubes with different initial configurations. In all considered cases, energy release is triggered by the ideal kink instability, which is itself the result of applying footpoint rotation to an initially potential field. The main goal of this work is to establish the influence of the field topology and various thermodynamic effects on the energy release process. Specifically, we investigate convergence of the magnetic field at the loop footpoints, atmospheric stratification, as well as thermal conduction. In all cases, the application of vortical driving at the footpoints of an initally potential field leads to an internal kink instability. With the exception of the curved loop with high footpoint convergence, the global geometry of the loop change little during the simulation. Footpoint convergence, curvature and atmospheric structure clearly influences the rapidity with which a loop achieves instability as well as the size of t...
Quantum Loops in Non-Local Gravity
Talaganis, Spyridon
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this proceedings, I will consider quantum aspects of a non-local, infinite-derivative scalar field theory - a ${\\it toy \\, model}$ depiction of a covariant infinite-derivative, non-local extension of Einstein's general relativity which has previously been shown to be free from ghosts around the Minkowski background. The graviton propagator in this theory gets an exponential suppression making it ${\\it asymptotically \\, free}$, thus providing strong prospects of resolving various classical and quantum divergences. In particular, I will find that at $1$-loop, the $2$-point function is still divergent, but once this amplitude is renormalized by adding appropriate counter terms, the ultraviolet (UV) behavior of all other $1$-loop diagrams as well as the $2$-loop, $2$-point function remains well under control. I will go on to discuss how one may be able to generalize our computations and arguments to arbitrary loops.
The Three-Loop Lattice Free Energy
B. Alles; M. Campostrini; A. Feo; H. Panagopoulos
2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the free energy of SU(N) gauge theories on the lattice, to three loops. Our result, combined with Monte Carlo data for the average plaquette, gives a more precise estimate of the gluonic condensate.
Speed estimation using single loop detector outputs
Ye, Zhirui
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
-in Motion (WIM) Video Image Processor (VIP) Microwave Radar Infrared Sensors Ultrasonic Sensors Non-intrusive Passive Acoustic Array Sensors In the following sections, three types of detectors adopting the inductive loop technology are reviewed...
Speed estimation using single loop detector outputs
Ye, Zhirui
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
-in Motion (WIM) Video Image Processor (VIP) Microwave Radar Infrared Sensors Ultrasonic Sensors Non-intrusive Passive Acoustic Array Sensors In the following sections, three types of detectors adopting the inductive loop technology are reviewed...
Effective potential for SU(2) Polyakov loops and Wilson loop eigenvalues
Dominik Smith; Adrian Dumitru; Robert Pisarski; Lorenz von Smekal
2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
We simulate SU(2) gauge theory at temperatures ranging from slightly below $T_c$ to roughly $2T_c$ for two different values of the gauge coupling. Using a histogram method, we extract the effective potential for the Polyakov loop and for the phases of the eigenvalues of the thermal Wilson loop, in both the fundamental and adjoint representations. We show that the classical potential of the fundamental loop can be parametrized within a simple model which includes a Vandermonde potential and terms linear and quadratic in the Polyakov loop. We discuss how parametrizations for the other cases can be obtained from this model.
Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping
Herbert Andrus; Gregory Burns; John Chiu; Gregory Lijedahl; Peter Stromberg; Paul Thibeault
2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
For the past several years Alstom Power Inc. (Alstom), a leading world-wide power system manufacturer and supplier, has been in the initial stages of developing an entirely new, ultra-clean, low cost, high efficiency power plant for the global power market. This new power plant concept is based on a hybrid combustion-gasification process utilizing high temperature chemical and thermal looping technology The process consists of the oxidation, reduction, carbonation, and calcination of calcium-based compounds, which chemically react with coal, biomass, or opportunity fuels in two chemical loops and one thermal loop. The chemical and thermal looping technology can be alternatively configured as (i) a combustion-based steam power plant with CO{sub 2} capture, (ii) a hybrid combustion-gasification process producing a syngas for gas turbines or fuel cells, or (iii) an integrated hybrid combustion-gasification process producing hydrogen for gas turbines, fuel cells or other hydrogen based applications while also producing a separate stream of CO{sub 2} for use or sequestration. In its most advanced configuration, this new concept offers the promise to become the technology link from today's Rankine cycle steam power plants to tomorrow's advanced energy plants. The objective of this work is to develop and verify the high temperature chemical and thermal looping process concept at a small-scale pilot facility in order to enable AL to design, construct and demonstrate a pre-commercial, prototype version of this advanced system. In support of this objective, Alstom and DOE started a multi-year program, under this contract. Before the contract started, in a preliminary phase (Phase 0) Alstom funded and built the required small-scale pilot facility (Process Development Unit, PDU) at its Power Plant Laboratories in Windsor, Connecticut. Construction was completed in calendar year 2003. The objective for Phase I was to develop the indirect combustion loop with CO{sub 2} separation, and also syngas production from coal with the calcium sulfide (CaS)/calcium sulfate (CaSO{sub 4}) loop utilizing the PDU facility. The results of Phase I were reported in Reference 1, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase I Report' The objective for Phase II was to develop the carbonate loop--lime (CaO)/calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) loop, integrate it with the gasification loop from Phase I, and ultimately demonstrate the feasibility of hydrogen production from the combined loops. The results of this program were reported in Reference 3, 'Hybrid Combustion-Gasification Chemical Looping Coal Power Development Technology Development Phase II Report'. The objective of Phase III is to operate the pilot plant to obtain enough engineering information to design a prototype of the commercial Chemical Looping concept. The activities include modifications to the Phase II Chemical Looping PDU, solids transportation studies, control and instrumentation studies and additional cold flow modeling. The deliverable is a report making recommendations for preliminary design guidelines for the prototype plant, results from the pilot plant testing and an update of the commercial plant economic estimates.
Analysis of heat transfer in unlooped and looped pulsating
Zhang, Yuwen
, Tubing Abstract An advanced heat transfer model for both unlooped and looped Pulsating Heat Pipes (PHPs
Pomona, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaPLawrence County,1980) | OpenAl.,PetroAsia EnergyPocatello, Idaho: EnergyPolicyPolkPolysolar
Johansson, Karl Henrik
Wireless Networks: Fundamentals and Applications Karl H. Johansson Electrical Engineering, Royal Institute4/9/2008 1 Closing the Loop over Wireless Networks:Closing the Loop over Wireless Networks: Fundamentals and Applications Karl H. Johansson Electrical Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm
Closed Loop Recycling of PreservativeClosed Loop Recycling of Preservative Treated WoodTreated Wood
Closed Loop Recycling of PreservativeClosed Loop Recycling of Preservative Treated WoodTreated Wood estimated that about 5 million tons of spent preservative treated wood istons of spent preservative treated wood is disposed of annually into landfills in thedisposed of annually into landfills in the United
Torsional oscillations of longitudinally inhomogeneous coronal loops
T. V. Zaqarashvili; K Murawski
2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the effect of an inhomogeneous mass density field on frequencies and wave profiles of torsional Alfven oscillations in solar coronal loops. Dispersion relations for torsional oscillations are derived analytically in limits of weak and strong inhomogeneities. These analytical results are verified by numerical solutions, which are valid for a wide range of inhomogeneity strength. It is shown that the inhomogeneous mass density field leads to the reduction of a wave frequency of torsional oscillations, in comparison to that of estimated from mass density at the loop apex. This frequency reduction results from the decrease of an average Alfven speed as far as the inhomogeneous loop is denser at its footpoints. The derived dispersion relations and wave profiles are important for potential observations of torsional oscillations which result in periodic variations of spectral line widths. Torsional oscillations offer an additional powerful tool for a development of coronal seismology.
Inflationary universe in loop quantum cosmology
Xin Zhang; Yi Ling
2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
Loop quantum cosmology provides a nice solution of avoiding the big bang singularity through a big bounce mechanism in the high energy region. In loop quantum cosmology an inflationary universe is emergent after the big bounce, no matter what matter component is filled in the universe. A super-inflation phase without phantom matter will appear in a certain way in the initial stage after the bounce; then the universe will undergo a normal inflation stage. We discuss the condition of inflation in detail in this framework. Also, for slow-roll inflation, we expect the imprint from the effects of the loop quantum cosmology should be left in the primordial perturbation power spectrum. However, we show that this imprint is too weak to be observed.
Video looping of human cyclic motion
Choi, Hye Mee
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
VIDEO LOOPING OF HUMAN CYCLIC MOTION A Thesis by HYE MEE CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2004 Major Subject: Visualization... Sciences VIDEO LOOPING OF HUMAN CYCLIC MOTION A Thesis by HYE MEE CHOI Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Ergun Akleman (Chair of Committee...
Automation of one-loop QCD corrections
Valentin Hirschi; Rikkert Frederix; Stefano Frixione; Maria Vittoria Garzelli; Fabio Maltoni; Roberto Pittau
2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
We present the complete automation of the computation of one-loop QCD corrections, including UV renormalization, to an arbitrary scattering process in the Standard Model. This is achieved by embedding the OPP integrand reduction technique, as implemented in CutTools, into the MadGraph framework. By interfacing the tool so constructed, which we dub MadLoop, with MadFKS, the fully automatic computation of any infrared-safe observable at the next-to-leading order in QCD is attained. We demonstrate the flexibility and the reach of our method by calculating the production rates for a variety of processes at the 7 TeV LHC.
Selective purge for hydrogenation reactor recycle loop
Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Union City, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Processes and apparatus for providing improved contaminant removal and hydrogen recovery in hydrogenation reactors, particularly in refineries and petrochemical plants. The improved contaminant removal is achieved by selective purging, by passing gases in the hydrogenation reactor recycle loop or purge stream across membranes selective in favor of the contaminant over hydrogen.
The HTGR Closed - Loop Energy System
Leeth, G. G.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper summarizes some of the studies performed during the past several years on the application of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) to the U.S. industrial energy market. The specific concept utilizes a closed-loop thermo chemical...
Loop expansion in Yang-Mills thermodynamics
Ralf Hofmann
2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We argue that a selfconsistent spatial coarse-graining, which involves interacting (anti)calorons of unit topological charge modulus, implies that real-time loop expansions of thermodynamical quantities in the deconfining phase of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills thermodynamics are, modulo 1PI resummations, determined by a finite number of connected bubble diagrams.
Loop simulation capability for sodium-cooled systems
Adekugbe, Oluwole A.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A one-dimensional loop simulation capability has been implemented in the thermal-hydraulic analysis code, THERMIT-4E. This code had been used to simulate and investigate flow in test sections of experimental sodium loops ...
Parametric Multi-Level Tiling of Imperfectly Nested Loops
Hartono, Albert; Baskaran, Muthu M.; Bastoul, Cedric; Cohen, Albert; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Norris, Boyana; Ramanujam, J.; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy
2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
Tiling is a critical loop transformation for generating high-performance code on modern architectures. Efficient generation of multilevel tiled code is essential to exploit several levels of parallelism and/or to maximize data reuse in deep memory hierarchies. Tiled loops with parameterized tile sizes (not compile time constants) facilitate runtime feedback and dynamic optimizations used in iterative compilation and automatic tuning. The existing parametric multilevel tiling approach has focused on transformation for perfectly nested loops, where all assignment statements are contained inside the innermost loop of a loop nest. Previous solutions to tiling for imperfect loop nests are limited to the case where tile sizes are fixed. In this paper, we present an approach to parameterized multilevel tiling for imperfectly nested loops. Our tiling algorithm generates loops that iterate over full rectangular tiles that are amenable for potential compiler optimizations such as register tiling. Experimental results using a number of computational benchmarks demonstrate the effectiveness of our tiling approach.
Closed loop pulsating heat pipes Part A: parametric experimental investigations
Khandekar, Sameer
Closed loop pulsating heat pipes Part A: parametric experimental investigations Piyanun; accepted 1 May 2003 Abstract Closed loop pulsating heat pipes (CLPHPs) are complex heat transfer devices range of pulsating heat pipes is experimentally studied thereby providing vital information
Micro loop heat pipe evaporator coherent pore structures
Alexseev, Alexandre Viktorovich
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
Loop heat pipes seem a promising approach for application in modern technologies where such thermal devices as cooling fans and radiators cannot satisfy overall requirements. Even though a loop heat pipe has a big potential to remove the thermal...
Six-loop divergences in the supersymmetric Kahler sigma model
I. Jack; D. R. T. Jones; J. Panvel
1993-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
The two-dimensional supersymmetric $\\s$-model on a K\\"ahler manifold has a non-vanishing $\\b$-function at four loops, but the $\\b$-function at five loops can be made to vanish by a specific choice of renormalisation scheme. We investigate whether this phenomenon persists at six loops, and conclude that it does not; there is a non-vanishing six-loop $\\b$-function irrespective of renormalisation scheme ambiguities.
Managing Performance vs. Accuracy Trade-offs With Loop Perforation
Polz, Martin
Managing Performance vs. Accuracy Trade-offs With Loop Perforation Stelios Sidiroglou Sasa-hoc, domain-specific techniques developed specifically for the computation at hand. Loop perforation provides of their iterations. A criticality testing phase filters out critical loops (whose perforation produces unacceptable
On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Joel Ouaknine
Oxford, University of
On Termination of Integer Linear Loops JoÂ¨el Ouaknine Department of Computer Science Oxford con- cerns the termination of simple linear loops of the form: x u ; while Bx c do x Ax + a , where initial integer vectors u, such a loop terminates. The correctness of our algorithm relies
A speech locked loop for cochlear implants and speech prostheses
Wee, Keng Hoong
We have previously described a feedback loop that combines an auditory processor with a low-power analog integrated-circuit vocal tract to create a speech-locked-loop. Here, we describe how the speech-locked loop can help ...
On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Joel Ouaknine
Ouaknine, Joël
On Termination of Integer Linear Loops Jo¨el Ouaknine Department of Computer Science Oxford con- cerns the termination of simple linear loops of the form: x u ; while Bx c do x Ax + a , where initial integer vectors u, such a loop terminates. The correctness of our algorithm relies
A new vacuum for Loop Quantum Gravity
Bianca Dittrich; Marc Geiller
2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a new vacuum for loop quantum gravity, which is dual to the Ashtekar-Lewandowski vacuum. Because it is based on BF theory, this new vacuum is physical for $(2+1)$-dimensional gravity, and much closer to the spirit of spin foam quantization in general. To construct this new vacuum and the associated representation of quantum observables, we introduce a modified holonomy-flux algebra which is cylindrically consistent with respect to the notion of refinement by time evolution suggested in [1]. This supports the proposal for a construction of a physical vacuum made in [1,2], also for $(3+1)$-dimensional gravity. We expect that the vacuum introduced here will facilitate the extraction of large scale physics and cosmological predictions from loop quantum gravity.
Loop Gas Model for Open Strings
V. Kazakov; I. Kostov
1992-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
The open string with one-dimensional target space is formulated in terms of an SOS, or loop gas, model on a random surface. We solve an integral equation for the loop amplitude with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions imposed on different pieces of its boundary. The result is used to calculate the mean values of order and disorder operators, to construct the string propagator and find its spectrum of excitations. The latter is not sensible neither to the string tension $\\L$ nor to the mass $\\mu$ of the ``quarks'' at the ends of the string. As in the case of closed strings, the SOS formulation allows to construct a Feynman diagram technique for the string interaction amplitudes.
Closed-loop pulsed helium ionization detector
Ramsey, Roswitha S. (Knoxville, TN); Todd, Richard A. (Knoxville, TN)
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A helium ionization detector for gas chromatography is operated in a constant current, pulse-modulated mode by configuring the detector, electrometer and a high voltage pulser in a closed-loop control system. The detector current is maintained at a fixed level by varying the frequency of fixed-width, high-voltage bias pulses applied to the detector. An output signal proportional to the pulse frequency is produced which is indicative of the charge collected for a detected species.
The effects of feedback on freeway operations
Baker, Robert Lewis
1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Model IV represents the open feedback ? feed-forward model as shown in Figure 10 ' 0 QA ftt )Q 0 (1 - p ) Pg 0 P6 g o (1 - p, ) Figure 10, Model IV Assume f(t ) to be an Erlang distribution with mean tA -- aA/bA and f(t ) to be an Erlang... = ? ' = 150 a b a variance = ? ' = 57. 5 2 b a = 150 b u ? ''=575 b2 or b =~=40 57. 5 a = 150 b = 600. 0 P ' ' F, Average volume = 600 vehicles per hour Time period = 5 minutes 60 Nu. . ber of time periods per hour = ? = 12 5 600 Average number...
The effect of rain on freeway capacity
Jones, Edward Roy
1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
determined. Dividing the regression mean square by the residual mean square would provide the statistical F-value which could be used to test the hypothesis that the slope of the re- gression line was zero, or, in other words... PF) FC I &IT~", 110~I. ' F J 900~, :=I', 0 II", 0 9 A. 'I. 0307 C306 0 3 2 '2 ". 422 0505 0507 0509 0605 0606 0612 06]1 9 F F 0 0 i) 0 0 0 C , 04 0 ~ 02 0 0 0 . 01 22 . 04 ~ 02 0 . i)6 ~ 13 ~ 02 0 1017' 1021 1022...
The effect of rain on freeway capacity
Jones, Edward Roy
1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
321 351 352 409 372 370 415 309 310 ?81 261 278 259 160 40 10 VPH AT Irl DDDRG 2 796 3360 3924 'i 752 5040 5076 4704 4092 3756 4320 4368 4116 4308 44i 52 4176 4236 3432 3900 3588 2976 4 Ai 2 8 3948 4 Ai 5 2... 4680 4200 5064 5 18'i 4992 4860 5088 4536 4164 4584 4308 4104 4680 4908 4980 4848 5268 4980 4716 4932 4608 4632 1680 2904 3468 4092 45 36 5064 4368 4356 3804 4764 4848 4776 ~53e 4764 4164 3888 4320 3972. . . 38 76...
MAGNETIC LOOPS IN THE QUIET SUN
Wiegelmann, T.; Solanki, S. K.; Barthol, P.; Gandorfer, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Str. 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Borrero, J. M.; Schmidt, W. [Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik, Schoeneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Pillet, V. MartInez; Bonet, J. A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, C/Via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Del Toro Iniesta, J. C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Apartado de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Domingo, V. [Grupo de Astronomia y Ciencias del Espacio, Universidad de Valencia, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Knoelker, M. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Title, A. M., E-mail: wiegelmann@mps.mpg.d [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)
2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the fine structure of magnetic fields in the atmosphere of the quiet Sun. We use photospheric magnetic field measurements from SUNRISE/IMaX with unprecedented spatial resolution to extrapolate the photospheric magnetic field into higher layers of the solar atmosphere with the help of potential and force-free extrapolation techniques. We find that most magnetic loops that reach into the chromosphere or higher have one footpoint in relatively strong magnetic field regions in the photosphere. Ninety-one percent of the magnetic energy in the mid-chromosphere (at a height of 1 Mm) is in field lines, whose stronger footpoint has a strength of more than 300 G, i.e., above the equipartition field strength with convection. The loops reaching into the chromosphere and corona are also found to be asymmetric in the sense that the weaker footpoint has a strength B < 300 G and is located in the internetwork (IN). Such loops are expected to be strongly dynamic and have short lifetimes, as dictated by the properties of the IN fields.
Exact scheme independence at one loop
Stefano Arnone; Antonio Gatti; Tim R. Morris
2002-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
The requirement that the quantum partition function be invariant under a renormalization group transformation results in a wide class of exact renormalization group equations, differing in the form of the kernel. Physical quantities should not be sensitive to the particular choice of the kernel. We demonstrate this scheme independence in four dimensional scalar field theory by showing that, even with a general kernel, the one-loop beta function may be expressed only in terms of the effective action vertices, and thus, under very general conditions, the universal result is recovered.
Exact scheme independence at one loop
Arnone, S; Morris, T R; Arnone, Stefano; Gatti, Antonio; Morris, Tim R.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The requirement that the quantum partition function be invariant under a renormalization group transformation results in a wide class of exact renormalization group equations, differing in the form of the kernel. Physical quantities should not be sensitive to the particular choice of the kernel. We demonstrate this scheme independence in four dimensional scalar field theory by showing that, even with a general kernel, the one-loop beta function may be expressed only in terms of the effective action vertices, and thus, under very general conditions, the universal result is recovered.
Thermoelectric power generator with intermediate loop
Bell, Lon E; Crane, Douglas Todd
2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
A thermoelectric power generator is disclosed for use to generate electrical power from heat, typically waste heat. An intermediate heat transfer loop forms a part of the system to permit added control and adjustability in the system. This allows the thermoelectric power generator to more effectively and efficiently generate power in the face of dynamically varying temperatures and heat flux conditions, such as where the heat source is the exhaust of an automobile, or any other heat source with dynamic temperature and heat flux conditions.
Thermoelectric power generator with intermediate loop
Bel,; Lon E. (Altadena, CA); Crane, Douglas Todd (Pasadena, CA)
2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
A thermoelectric power generator is disclosed for use to generate electrical power from heat, typically waste heat. An intermediate heat transfer loop forms a part of the system to permit added control and adjustability in the system. This allows the thermoelectric power generator to more effectively and efficiently generate power in the face of dynamically varying temperatures and heat flux conditions, such as where the heat source is the exhaust of an automobile, or any other heat source with dynamic temperature and heat flux conditions.
Loop Quantum Gravity: An Inside View
Thomas Thiemann
2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
This is a (relatively) non -- technical summary of the status of the quantum dynamics in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). We explain in detail the historical evolution of the subject and why the results obtained so far are non -- trivial. The present text can be viewed in part as a response to an article by Nicolai, Peeters and Zamaklar [hep-th/0501114]. We also explain why certain no go conclusions drawn from a mathematically correct calculation in a recent paper by Helling et al [hep-th/0409182] are physically incorrect.
High temperature storage loop : final design report.
Gill, David Dennis; Kolb, William J.
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A three year plan for thermal energy storage (TES) research was created at Sandia National Laboratories in the spring of 2012. This plan included a strategic goal of providing test capability for Sandia and for the nation in which to evaluate high temperature storage (>650%C2%B0C) technology. The plan was to scope, design, and build a flow loop that would be compatible with a multitude of high temperature heat transfer/storage fluids. The High Temperature Storage Loop (HTSL) would be reconfigurable so that it was useful for not only storage testing, but also for high temperature receiver testing and high efficiency power cycle testing as well. In that way, HTSL was part of a much larger strategy for Sandia to provide a research and testing platform that would be integral for the evaluation of individual technologies funded under the SunShot program. DOE's SunShot program seeks to reduce the price of solar technologies to 6/kWhr to be cost competitive with carbon-based fuels. The HTSL project sought to provide evaluation capability for these SunShot supported technologies. This report includes the scoping, design, and budgetary costing aspects of this effort
Quantum Corrections in Galileons from Matter Loops
Lavinia Heisenberg
2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
Galileon interactions represent a class of effective field theories that have received much attention since their inception. They can be treated in their own right as scalar field theories with a specific global shift and Galilean symmetry or as a descendant of a more fundamental theory like massive gravity. It is well known that the Galileon theories are stable under quantum corrections thanks to the non-renormalization theorem which is not due to the symmetry. We consider different covariant couplings of this Galileon scalar field with the matter field: the conformal coupling, the disformal coupling and the longitudinal coupling. We compute the one-loop quantum corrections to the Galileon interactions from the coupling to the external matter fields. In all the considered cases of covariant couplings we show that the terms generated by one-loop matter corrections not only renormalize the Galileon interactions but also give rise to higher order derivative ghost interactions. However, the renormalized version of the Galileon interactions as well as the new interactions come at a scale suppressed by the original classical coupling scale and hence are harmless within the regime of validity of the effective field theory.
Evolution equation for 3-quark Wilson loop operator
R. E. Gerasimov; A. V. Grabovsky
2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
The evolution equation for the 3 quark Wilson loop operator has been derived in the leading logarithm approximation within Balitsky high energy operator expansion.
ORC Closed Loop Control Systems for Transient and Steady State...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
models using iterative concept analysis are being used on a closed loop controlled, waste heat recovery system running automatically over various drive cycles....
Exhaust Aftertreatment and Low Pressure Loop EGR Applied to an...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
and Low Pressure Loop EGR Applied to an Off-Highway Engine 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerbaumgard.pdf More...
Static properties of nuclear matter within the Boson Loop Expansion
W. M. Alberico; R. Cenni; G. Garbarino; M. R. Quaglia
2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The use of the Boson Loop Expansion is proposed for investigating the static properties of nuclear matter. We explicitly consider a schematic dynamical model in which nucleons interact with the scalar-isoscalar sigma meson. The suggested approximation scheme is examined in detail at the mean field level and at the one- and two-loop orders. The relevant formulas are provided to derive the binding energy per nucleon, the pressure and the compressibility of nuclear matter. Numerical results of the binding energy at the one-loop order are presented for Walecka's sigma-omega model in order to discuss the degree of convergence of the Boson Loop Expansion.
Entropy mode loops and cosmological correlations during perturbative reheating
Kaya, Ali; Kutluk, Emine Seyma, E-mail: ali.kaya@boun.edu.tr, E-mail: seymakutluk@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bo g-tilde aziçi University, 34342, Bebek, ?stanbul (Turkey)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, it has been shown that during preheating the entropy modes circulating in the loops, which correspond to the inflaton decay products, meaningfully modify the cosmological correlation functions at superhorizon scales. In this paper, we determine the significance of the same effect when reheating occurs in the perturbative regime. In a typical two scalar field model, the magnitude of the loop corrections are shown to depend on several parameters like the background inflaton amplitude in the beginning of reheating, the inflaton decay rate and the inflaton mass. Although the loop contributions turn out to be small as compared to the preheating case, they still come out larger than the loop effects during inflation.
Robotic Roommates Making Pancakes -Look Into Perception-Manipulation Loop
Cremers, Daniel
Robotic Roommates Making Pancakes - Look Into Perception-Manipulation Loop Michael Beetz, Ulrich Klank, Alexis Maldonado, Dejan Pangercic, Thomas R¨uhr {beetz, klank, maldonad, pangercic, ruehr
Exact scheme independence at two loops
Stefano Arnone; Antonio Gatti; Tim R. Morris; Oliver J. Rosten
2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
We further develop an algorithmic and diagrammatic computational framework for very general exact renormalization groups, where the embedded regularisation scheme, parametrised by a general cutoff function and infinitely many higher point vertices, is left unspecified. Calculations proceed iteratively,by integrating by parts with respect to the effective cutoff, thus introducing effective propagators, and differentials of vertices that can be expanded using the flow equations; many cancellations occur on using the fact that the effective propagator is the inverse of the classical Wilsonian two-point vertex. We demonstrate the power of these methods by computing the beta function up to two loops in massless four dimensional scalar field theory, obtaining the expected universal coefficients, independent of the details of the regularisation scheme.
Gas Test Loop Functional and Technical Requirements
Glen R. Longhurst; Soli T. Khericha; James L. Jones
2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document defines the technical and functional requirements for a gas test loop (GTL) to be constructed for the purpose of providing a high intensity fast-flux irradiation environment for developers of advanced concept nuclear reactors. This capability is needed to meet fuels and materials testing requirements of the designers of Generation IV (GEN IV) reactors and other programs within the purview of the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). Space nuclear power development programs may also benefit by the services the GTL will offer. The overall GTL technical objective is to provide developers with the means for investigating and qualifying fuels and materials needed for advanced reactor concepts. The testing environment includes a fast-flux neutron spectrum of sufficient intensity to perform accelerated irradiation testing. Appropriate irradiation temperature, gaseous environment, test volume, diagnostics, and access and handling features are also needed. This document serves to identify those requirements as well as generic requirements applicable to any system of this kind.
Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility. Final report
Not Available
1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research at the Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility was successfully concluded in September 1979. In 13,000 hours of operation over a three and one half year period, the nominal 10 megawatt electrical equivalent GLEF provided the opportunity to identify problems in working with highly saline geothermal fluids and to develop solutions that could be applied to a commercial geothermal power plant producing electricity. A seven and one half year period beginning in April 1972, with early well flow testing and ending in September 1979, with the completion of extensive facility and reservoir operations is covered. During this period, the facility was designed, constructed and operated in several configurations. A comprehensive reference document, addressing or referencing documentation of all the key areas investigated is presented.
TeGrotenhuis, Ward Evan
2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
A drying apparatus is disclosed that includes a drum and an open-loop airflow pathway originating at an ambient air inlet, passing through the drum, and terminating at an exhaust outlet. A passive heat exchanger is included for passively transferring heat from air flowing from the drum toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the ambient air inlet toward the drum. A heat pump is also included for actively transferring heat from air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the exhaust outlet to air flowing from the passive heat exchanger toward the drum. A heating element is also included for further heating air flowing from the heat pump toward the drum.
Theory of the hysteresis loop in ferromagnets
Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; Nattermann, T.; Pokrovsky, Valery L.
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
~see Refs. 7?9! PRB 590163-1829/99/59~6!/4260~13!/$15.00 loop in ferromagnets v* , College Station, Texas 77843-4242 n a?t zu Ko?ln, 50937, Ko?ln, Germany , 24 rue Lhomond 75231, Paris Cedex 05, France y , College Station, Texas 77843-4242 l... strength in a compli- cated way.18 The random fields h @ r5(x,Z) # generated by imperfec- PRB 59 THEORY OF THE HYSTERESI tions is assumed to be Gaussian distributed and short-range correlated with h(r)50 and h ~ r!h~r 8 !5h 2lD11d l~r2r8!. ~2...
Loop-voltage tomography in tokamaks using transient synchrotron radiation
Fisch, N.J.; Kritz, A.H. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Plasma Physics Lab.; Hunter Coll., New York, NY (USA). Dept. of Physics)
1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The loop voltage in tokamaks is particularly difficult to measure anywhere but at the plasma periphery. A brief, deliberate, perturbation of hot plasma electrons, however, produces a transient radiation response that is sensitive to this voltage. We investigate how such a radiation response can be used to diagnose the loop voltage. 24 refs., 6 figs.
Loop summarization and termination analysis Aliaksei Tsitovich1
KrÃ¶ning, Daniel
Loop summarization and termination analysis Aliaksei Tsitovich1 , Natasha Sharygina1 , Christoph M termination analysis based on loop summarization. The algorithm relies on a library of ab- stract domains Introduction The program termination problem has received increased interest in the recent past. In practice
Flow Loop Experiments Using Polyalphaolefin Nanofluids Ian C. Nelson
Banerjee, Debjyoti
Flow Loop Experiments Using Polyalphaolefin Nanofluids Ian C. Nelson and Debjyoti Banerjee Texas A a flow-loop apparatus to explore the performance of nanofluids in cooling applications. The experiments/heater), and a reservoir. Experiments were conducted using nanofluid and polyalphaolefin for two different fin strip
Supply Regulation Techniques for Phase-Locked Loops
Palermo, Sam
Supply Regulation Techniques for Phase-Locked Loops Vivekananth Gurumoorthy and Samuel Palermo-- Phase-locked loops (PLLs) which employ voltage regulators for low supply-noise sensitivity often rely. This paper compares various supply regulation techniques on the basis of their ability to reject noise from
The static quark potential to three loops in perturbation theory
Alexander V. Smirnov; Vladimir A. Smirnov; Matthias Steinhauser
2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
The static potential constitutes a fundamental quantity of Quantum Chromodynamics. It has recently been evaluated to three-loop accuracy. In this contribution we provide details on the calculation and present results for the 14 master integrals which contain a massless one-loop insertion.
Singlet Free Energies and Renormalized Polyakov Loop in full QCD
K. Petrov
2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the free energy of a static quark anti-quark pair and the renormalized Polyakov loop in 2+1- and 3- flavor QCD using $16^3 \\times 4$ and $16^3 \\times 6$ lattices and improved staggered p4 action. We also compare the renormalized Polyakov loop with the results of our earlier studies.
Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO
Ferris, Michael C.
Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO Xinmin Hu Daniel Ralph to model markets for delivery of electrical power on looped transmission networks. It analyzes, 2323 Audubon St, New Orleans, LA 70125-4117, USA; www.EKonomicsLLC.com ¶ Department of Economics
Worm-like Polymer Loops and Fourier Knots
S. Rappaport; Y. Rabin; A. Yu. Grosberg
2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
Every smooth closed curve can be represented by a suitable Fourier sum. We show that the ensemble of curves generated by randomly chosen Fourier coefficients with amplitudes inversely proportional to spatial frequency (with a smooth exponential cutoff), can be accurately mapped on the physical ensemble of worm-like polymer loops. We find that measures of correlation on the scale of the entire loop yield a larger persistence length than that calculated from the tangent-tangent correlation function at small length scales. The conjecture that physical loops exhibit additional rigidity on scales comparable to the entire loop due to the contribution of twist rigidity, can be tested experimentally by determining the persistence length from the local curvature and comparing it with that obtained by measuring the radius of gyration of dsDNA plasmids. The topological properties of the ensemble randomly generated worm-like loops are shown to be similar to that of other polymer models.
Control and optimization system and method for chemical looping processes
Lou, Xinsheng; Joshi, Abhinaya; Lei, Hao
2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
A control system for optimizing a chemical loop system includes one or more sensors for measuring one or more parameters in a chemical loop. The sensors are disposed on or in a conduit positioned in the chemical loop. The sensors generate one or more data signals representative of an amount of solids in the conduit. The control system includes a data acquisition system in communication with the sensors and a controller in communication with the data acquisition system. The data acquisition system receives the data signals and the controller generates the control signals. The controller is in communication with one or more valves positioned in the chemical loop. The valves are configured to regulate a flow of the solids through the chemical loop.
Closed-loop control of anesthesia in children 1 Robust closed-loop control of induction and
: During closed-loop control, a drug infusion is continually adjusted according to a measure of clinical. Remifentanil was administered as a bolus (0.5 g/kg), followed by continuous infusion (0.03 g/kg/min). The propofol infusion was closed-loop controlled throughout induction and maintenance of anesthesia, using
Chemical Looping Combustion Reactions and Systems
Sarofim, Adel; Lighty, JoAnn; Smith, Philip; Whitty, Kevin; Eyring, Edward; Sahir, Asad; Alvarez, Milo; Hradisky, Michael; Clayton, Chris; Konya, Gabor; Baracki, Richard; Kelly, Kerry
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) is one promising fuel-combustion technology, which can facilitate economic CO{sub 2} capture in coal-fired power plants. It employs the oxidation/reduction characteristics of a metal, or oxygen carrier, and its oxide, the oxidizing gas (typically air) and the fuel source may be kept separate. This topical report discusses the results of four complementary efforts: (5.1) the development of process and economic models to optimize important design considerations, such as oxygen carrier circulation rate, temperature, residence time; (5.2) the development of high-performance simulation capabilities for fluidized beds and the collection, parameter identification, and preliminary verification/uncertainty quantification; (5.3) the exploration of operating characteristics in the laboratoryscale bubbling bed reactor, with a focus on the oxygen carrier performance, including reactivity, oxygen carrying capacity, attrition resistance, resistance to deactivation, cost and availability; and (5.4) the identification of kinetic data for copper-based oxygen carriers as well as the development and analysis of supported copper oxygen carrier material. Subtask 5.1 focused on the development of kinetic expressions for the Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling (CLOU) process and validating them with reported literature data. The kinetic expressions were incorporated into a process model for determination of reactor size and oxygen carrier circulation for the CLOU process using ASPEN PLUS. An ASPEN PLUS process model was also developed using literature data for the CLC process employing an iron-based oxygen carrier, and the results of the process model have been utilized to perform a relative economic comparison. In Subtask 5.2, the investigators studied the trade-off between modeling approaches and available simulations tools. They quantified uncertainty in the high-performance computing (HPC) simulation tools for CLC bed applications. Furthermore, they performed a sensitivity analysis for velocity, height and polydispersity and compared results against literature data for experimental studies of CLC beds with no reaction. Finally, they present an optimization space using simple non-reactive configurations. In Subtask 5.3, through a series of experimental studies, behavior of a variety of oxygen carriers with different loadings and manufacturing techniques was evaluated under both oxidizing and reducing conditions. The influences of temperature, degree of carrier conversion and thermodynamic driving force resulting from the difference between equilibrium and system O{sub 2} partial pressures were evaluated through several experimental campaigns, and generalized models accounting for these influences were developed to describe oxidation and oxygen release. Conversion of three solid fuels with widely ranging reactivities was studied in a small fluidized bed system, and all but the least reactive fuel (petcoke) were rapidly converted by oxygen liberated from the CLOU carrier. Attrition propensity of a variety of carriers was also studied, and the carriers produced by freeze granulation or impregnation of preformed substrates displayed the lowest rates of attrition. Subtask 5.4 focused on gathering kinetic data for a copper-based oxygen carrier to assist with modeling of a functioning chemical looping reactor. The kinetics team was also responsible for the development and analysis of supported copper oxygen carrier material.
Heating and cooling of coronal loops observed by SDO
Li, Leping; Chen, Feng; Zhang, Jun
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Context: One of the most prominent processes suggested to heat the corona to well above 10^6 K builds on nanoflares, short bursts of energy dissipation. Aims: We compare observations to model predictions to test the validity of the nanoflare process. Methods: Using extreme UV data from AIA/SDO and HMI/SDO line-of-sight magnetograms we study the spatial and temporal evolution of a set of loops in active region AR 11850. Results: We find a transient brightening of loops in emission from Fe xviii forming at about 7.2 MK while at the same time these loops dim in emission from lower temperatures. This points to a fast heating of the loop that goes along with evaporation of material that we observe as apparent upward motions in the image sequence. After this initial phases lasting for some 10 min, the loops brighten in a sequence of AIA channels showing cooler and cooler plasma, indicating the cooling of the loops over a time scale of about one hour. A comparison to the predictions from a 1D loop model shows that t...
Diesel Combustion Control with Closed-Loop Control of the Injection...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Combustion Control with Closed-Loop Control of the Injection Strategy Diesel Combustion Control with Closed-Loop Control of the Injection Strategy New control strategies are...
Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit SolventUsingRepli...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit Solvent UsingReplica-Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Folding of a DNA Hairpin Loop Structure in Explicit Solvent...
TS LOOP NON-POTABLE PUMP EVALUATION
S. Goodin
1999-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
This analysis evaluates the existing subsurface non-potable water system from the portal pump to the end of the water line in the South Ramp and determines if the pump size and spacing meets the system pressure and flow requirements for construction operations and incipient fire fighting capability as established in the Subsurface Fire Hazards Analysis (CRWMS M&O 1998b). This analysis does not address the non potable water system in the Cross Drift which is covered under a previous design analysis (CRWMS-M&O 1998a). The Subsurface Fire Hazards Analysis references sections of OSHA 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L for requirements applicable to the incipient fire fighting hose stations used underground. This analysis does not address mechanical system valves, fittings, risers and other components of the system piping. This system is not designed or intended to meet all National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes for a fire fighting system but is only considered a backup system to fire extinguishers that are installed throughout the Topopah Springs (TS) Loop and may be used to fight small incipient stage fires.
THE COOLING OF CORONAL PLASMAS. IV. CATASTROPHIC COOLING OF LOOPS
Cargill, P. J. [Space and Atmospheric Physics, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, S. J., E-mail: p.cargill@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States)
2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the radiative cooling of coronal loops and demonstrate that the recently identified catastrophic cooling is due to the inability of a loop to sustain radiative/enthalpy cooling below a critical temperature, which can be >1 MK in flares, 0.5-1 MK in active regions, and 0.1 MK in long tenuous loops. Catastrophic cooling is characterized by a rapid fall in coronal temperature, while the coronal density changes by a small amount. Analytic expressions for the critical temperature are derived and show good agreement with numerical results. This effect considerably limits the lifetime of coronal plasmas below the critical temperature.
Closed-loop real-time control on distributed networks
Ambike, Ajit Dilip
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is an e?ort to develop closed-loop control strategies on computer networks and study their stability in the presence of network delays and packet losses. An algorithm using predictors was designed to ...
Investigations of tetraspanin functions using large extracellular loops
Liu, Christopher C
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes our characterization of a specific tetraspanin domain: the large extracellular loop (LEL). Tetraspanins are involved in cellular migration, adhesion, and metastasis, sperm-egg fusion, and viral ...
Klystron "efficiency loop" for the ALS storage ring RF system
Kwiatkowski, Slawomir; Julian, Jim; Baptiste, Kenneth
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to Mod, Feb. 7, 2002] SRRF Klystron Beam Current (A) [AfterTime (hrs) Figure 2: SRRF Klystron Efficiency Comparison forKLYSTRON “EFFICIENCY LOOP” FOR THE ALS STORAGE RING RF
Klystron 'efficiency loop' for the ALS storage ring RF system
Kwiatkowski, Slawomir; Julian, Jim; Baptiste, Kenneth
2002-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The recent energy crisis in California has led us to investigate the high power RF systems at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) in order to decrease the energy consumption and power costs. We found the Storage Ring Klystron Power Amplifier system operating as designed but with significant power waste. A simple proportional-integrator (PI) analog loop, which controls the klystron collector beam current, as a function of the output RF power, has been designed and installed. The design considerations, besides efficiency improvement, were to interface to the existing system without major expense. They were to also avoid the klystron cathode power supply filter's resonance in the loop's dynamics, and prevent a conflict with the existing Cavity RF Amplitude Loop dynamics. This efficiency loop will allow us to save up to 700 MW-hours of electrical energy per year and increase the lifetime of the klystron.
Experimental characterization and chemical kinetics study of chemical looping combustion
Chen, Tianjiao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is one of the most promising technologies to achieve carbon capture in fossil fuel power generation plants. A novel rotary-bed reactor concept was proposed by Zhao et. al. [1] in 2013. It ...
Tachyon condensation in boundary string field theory at one loop
K. Bardakci; A. Konechny
2001-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the one-loop partition function for quadratic tachyon background in open string theory. Both closed and open string representations are developed. Using these representations we study the one-loop divergences in the partition function in the presence of the tachyon background. The divergences due to the open and closed string tachyons are treated by analytic continuation in the tachyon mass squared. We pay particular attention to the imaginary part of the analytically continued expressions. The last one gives the decay rate of the unstable vacuum. The dilaton tadpole is also given some partial consideration. The partition function is further used to study corrections to tachyon condensation processes describing brane descent relations. Assuming the boundary string field theory prescription for construction of the string field action via partition function holds at one loop level we study the one-loop corrections to the tachyon potential and to the tensions of lower-dimensional branes.
Enhanced Ultraviolet Cancellations in N = 5 Supergravity at Four Loop
Zvi Bern; Scott Davies; Tristan Dennen
2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the four-loop four-point amplitudes of N = 5 supergravity are ultraviolet finite in four dimensions, contrary to expectations based on supersymmetry and duality-symmetry arguments. We explain why the diagrams of any covariant local formalism cannot manifestly exhibit the necessary cancellations for finiteness but instead require a new type of nontrivial ultraviolet cancellation that we call "enhanced cancellations". We also show that the three-loop four-point amplitudes in N = 4 and N = 5 supergravity theories display enhanced cancellations. To construct the loop integrand, we use the duality between color and kinematics. We apply standard methods for extracting ultraviolet divergences in conjunction with the FIRE5 integral reduction program to arrive at the four-loop results.
HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF LOOPS IN THE SOLAR CORONA
Brooks, David H.; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Warren, Harry P. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determine how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200 km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in 2012 July. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270 km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly data for a subset of these loops and find temperature distributions that are generally very narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are often structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of many proposed physical mechanisms.
Entropy and Area of Black Holes in Loop Quantum Gravity
I. B. Khriplovich
2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
Simple arguments related to the entropy of black holes strongly constrain the spectrum of the area operator for a Schwarzschild black hole in loop quantum gravity. In particular, this spectrum is fixed completely by the assumption that the black hole entropy is maximum. Within the approach discussed, one arrives in loop quantum gravity at a quantization rule with integer quantum numbers $n$ for the entropy and area of a black hole.
N >= 4 Supergravity Amplitudes from Gauge Theory at One Loop
Bern, Z.; /UCLA; Boucher-Veronneau, C.; /SLAC; Johansson, H.; /Saclay
2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
We expose simple and practical relations between the integrated four- and five-point one-loop amplitudes of N {ge} 4 supergravity and the corresponding (super-)Yang-Mills amplitudes. The link between the amplitudes is simply understood using the recently uncovered duality between color and kinematics that leads to a double-copy structure for gravity. These examples provide additional direct confirmations of the duality and double-copy properties at loop level for a sample of different theories.
Triple loop heat exchanger for an absorption refrigeration system
Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A triple loop heat exchanger for an absorption refrigeration system is disclosed. The triple loop heat exchanger comprises portions of a strong solution line for conducting relatively hot, strong solution from a generator to a solution heat exchanger of the absorption refrigeration system, conduit means for conducting relatively cool, weak solution from the solution heat exchanger to the generator, and a bypass system for conducting strong solution from the generator around the strong solution line and around the solution heat exchanger to an absorber of the refrigeration system when strong solution builds up in the generator to an undesirable level. The strong solution line and the conduit means are in heat exchange relationship with each other in the triple loop heat exchanger so that, during normal operation of the refrigeration system, heat is exchanged between the relatively hot, strong solution flowing through the strong solution line and the relatively cool, weak solution flowing through the conduit means. Also, the strong solution line and the bypass system are in heat exchange relationship in the triple loop heat exchanger so that if the normal flow path of relatively hot, strong solution flowing from the generator to an absorber is blocked, then this relatively, hot strong solution which will then be flowing through the bypass system in the triple loop heat exchanger, is brought into heat exchange relationship with any strong solution which may have solidified in the strong solution line in the triple loop heat exchanger to thereby aid in desolidifying any such solidified strong solution.
Micro-Columnated Loop Heat Pipe: The Future of Electronic Substrates
Dhillon, Navdeep Singh
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Loop Heat Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Heat Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of operation of a heat pipe [13]. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ross, Joseph
frictionless coaster car. She is initially propelled with speed vo towards the loop, then she coasts around the circular track, of diameter 10.0 m. Freida and her car have total mass 120 kg. (a) If her initial speed (vo) is 20 m/s, determine the speed at the top of the loop. (b) Draw free-body diagrams for the coaster car
The concept of chemical looping reactions has been widely applied in chemical industries. Fundamental research on chemical looping reactions has also been applied to energy systems. Fossil fuel chemical looping applications were used with the steam-iron process for coal processing from the 1900s
Profiles of heating in turbulent coronal magnetic loops
E. Buchlin; P. J. Cargill; S. J. Bradshaw; M. Velli
2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
Context: The location of coronal heating in magnetic loops has been the subject of a long-lasting controversy: does it occur mostly at the loop footpoints, at the top, is it random, or is the average profile uniform? Aims: We try to address this question in model loops with MHD turbulence and a profile of density and/or magnetic field along the loop. Methods: We use the ShellAtm MHD turbulent heating model described in Buchlin & Velli (2006), with a static mass density stratification obtained by the HydRad model (Bradshaw & Mason 2003). This assumes the absence of any flow or heat conduction subsequent to the dynamic heating. Results: The average profile of heating is quasi-uniform, unless there is an expansion of the flux tube (non-uniform axial magnetic field) or the variation of the kinetic and magnetic diffusion coefficients with temperature is taken into account: in the first case the heating is enhanced at footpoints, whereas in the second case it is enhanced where the dominant diffusion coefficient is enhanced. Conclusions: These simulations shed light on the consequences on heating profiles of the complex interactions between physical effects involved in a non-uniform turbulent coronal loop.
System design description for GCFR-core flow test loop
Huntley, W.R.; Grindell, A.G.
1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Core Flow Test Loop is a high-pressure, high-temperature, out-of-reactor helium circulation system that is being constructed to permit detailed study of the thermomechanical and thermal performance at prototypic steady-state and transient operating conditions of simulated segments of core assemblies for a GCFR Demonstration Plant, as designed by General Atomic Company. It will also permit the expermental verification of predictive analytical models of the GCFR core assemblies needed to reduce operational and safety uncertainties of the GCFR. Full-sized blanket assemblies and segments of fuel rod and control rod fuel assemblies will be simulated with test bundles of electrically powered fuel rod or blanket rod simulators. The loop will provide the steady-state and margin test requirements of bundle power and heat removal, and of helium coolant flow rate, pressure, and temperature for test bundles having up to 91 rods; these requirements set the maximum power, coolant helium flow, and thermal requirements for the loop. However, the size of the test vessel that contains the test bundles will be determined by the bundles that simulate a full-sized GCFR blanket assembly. The loop will also provide for power and coolant transients to simulate transient operation of GCFR core assemblies, including the capability for rapid helium depressurization to simulate the depressurization class of GCFR accidents. In addition, the loop can be used as an out-of-reactor test bed for characterizing in-reactor test bundle configurations.
Forward Modelling of Standing Slow Modes in Flaring Coronal Loops
Yuan, D; Banerjee, D; Antolin, P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Standing slow mode waves in hot flaring loops are exclusively observed in spectrometers and are used to diagnose the magnetic field strength and temperature of the loop structure. Due to the lack of spatial information, the longitudinal mode cannot be effectively identified. In this study, we simulate standing slow mode waves in flaring loops and compare the synthesized line emission properties with SUMER spectrographic and SDO/AIA imaging observations. We find that the emission intensity and line width oscillations are a quarter period out of phase with Doppler shift velocity both in time and spatial domain, which can be used to identify a standing slow mode wave from spectroscopic observations. However, the longitudinal overtones could be only measured with the assistance of imagers. We find emission intensity asymmetry in the positive and negative modulations, this is because the contribution function pertaining to the atomic emission process responds differently to positive and negative temperature variat...
Loop-induced Neutrino Masses: A Case Study
Geng, Chao-Qiang; Tsai, Lu-Hsing
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the cocktail model in which the Majorana neutrino masses are generated by the so-called "cocktail" three-loop diagrams with the dark matter particle running in the loops. In particular, we give the correct analytic expressions of the neutrino masses in the model by the detailed calculation of the cocktail diagrams. Based on the reliable numerical calculation of the loop integrals, we explore the parameter space which can give the correct orders of neutrino masses while satisfying other experimental constraints, such as those from the neutrinoless double beta decay, low-energy lepton flavor violation processes, electroweak precision tests, and collider searches. As a result, the large couplings and the large mass difference between the two singly-charged (neutral) scalars are required.
Hamiltonian traffic dynamics in microfluidic-loop networks
Raphaël Jeanneret; Julien Piera-Vest; Denis Bartolo
2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
Recent microfluidic experiments revealed that large particles advected in a fluidic loop display long-range hydrodynamic interactions. However, the consequences of such couplings on the traffic dynamics in more complex networks remain poorly understood. In this letter, we focus on the transport of a finite number of particles in one-dimensional loop networks. By combining numerical, theoretical, and experimental efforts, we evidence that this collective process offers a unique example of Hamiltonian dynamics for hydrodynamically interacting particles. In addition, we show that the asymptotic trajectories are necessarily reciprocal despite the microscopic traffic rules explicitly break the time reversal symmetry. We exploit these two remarkable properties to account for the salient features of the effective three-particle interaction induced by the exploration of fluidic loops.
Automated event generation for loop-induced processes
Hirschi, Valentin
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the first fully automated implementation of cross-section computation and event generation for loop-induced processes. This work is integrated in the MadGraph5_aMC@NLO framework. We describe the optimisations implemented at the level of the matrix element evaluation, phase space integration and event generation allowing for the simulation of large multiplicity loop-induced processes. Along with some selected differential observables, we illustrate our results with a table showing inclusive cross-sections for all loop-induced hadronic scattering processes with up to three final states in the SM as well as for some relevant two to four processes. Many of these are computed here for the first time.
Automated event generation for loop-induced processes
Valentin Hirschi; Olivier Mattelaer
2015-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
We present the first fully automated implementation of cross-section computation and event generation for loop-induced processes. This work is integrated in the MadGraph5_aMC@NLO framework. We describe the optimisations implemented at the level of the matrix element evaluation, phase space integration and event generation allowing for the simulation of large multiplicity loop-induced processes. Along with some selected differential observables, we illustrate our results with a table showing inclusive cross-sections for all loop-induced hadronic scattering processes with up to three final states in the SM as well as for some relevant two to four processes. Many of these are computed here for the first time.
A Novel Strange Attractor with a Stretched Loop
Safieddine Bouali
2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
The paper introduces a new 3D strange attractor topologically different from any other known chaotic attractors. The intentionally constructed model of three autonomous first-order differential equations derives from the coupling-induced complexity of the well-known Lotka-Volterra oscillator. The chaotic attractor exhibiting a double scroll bridged by a loop mutates to a single scroll with a very stretched loop by the variation of one parameter. Analysis of the global behavior of the new low dimensional dissipative dynamical model and its range of periodic and a-periodic oscillations are presented.
String Loop Corrections to Stable Non-BPS Branes
N. D. Lambert; I. Sachs
2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the string loop corrections to the tachyon potential for stable non-BPS Dp-branes on the orbifold T^4/Z_2. We find a non-trivial phase structure and we show that, after tachyon condensation, the non-BPS Dp-branes are attracted to each other for p=0,1,2. We then identify the corresponding closed string boundary states together with the massless long range fields they excite. For p=3,4 the string loop correction diverge. We identify the massless closed string fields responsible for these divergencies and regularise the partition function using a Fischler-Susskind mechanism.
Suppression and enhancement of transcriptional noise by DNA looping
Jose M. G. Vilar; Leonor Saiz
2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
DNA looping has been observed to enhance and suppress transcriptional noise but it is uncertain which of these two opposite effects is to be expected for given conditions. Here, we derive analytical expressions for the main quantifiers of transcriptional noise in terms of the molecular parameters and elucidate the role of DNA looping. Our results rationalize paradoxical experimental observations and provide the first quantitative explanation of landmark individual-cell measurements at the single molecule level on the classical lac operon genetic system [Choi et al., Science 322, 442-446 (2008)].
Path Integral of Bianchi I models in Loop Quantum Cosmology
Xiao Liu; Fei Huang; Jian-Yang Zhu
2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
A path integral formulation of the Bianchi I models containing a massless scalar field in loop quantum cosmology is constructed. Following the strategy used in the homogenous and isotropic case, the calculation is extended to the simplest non-isotropic models according to the $\\bar{\\mu}$ and $\\bar{\\mu}^{\\prime}$ scheme. It is proved from the path integral angle that the quantum dynamic lacks the full invariance with respect to fiducial cell scaling in the $\\bar{\\mu}$ scheme, but it does not in the $\\bar{\\mu}^{\\prime}$ scheme. The investigation affirms the equivalence of the canonical approach and the path integral approach in loop quantum cosmology.
Loop formulation of supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics
Kyle Steinhauer; Urs Wenger
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the fermion loop formulation of N=4 supersymmetric SU(N) Yang-Mills quantum mechanics on the lattice. The loop formulation naturally separates the contributions to the partition function into its bosonic and fermionic parts with fixed fermion number and provides a way to control potential fermion sign problems arising in numerical simulations of the theory. Furthermore, we present a reduced fermion matrix determinant which allows the projection into the canonical sectors of the theory and hence constitutes an alternative approach to simulate the theory on the lattice.
Martinez-Guridi, G.; Samanta, P.; Chu, L.; Yang, J.
1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
A loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) can cause a loss-of-offsite power (LOOP) wherein the LOOP is usually delayed by few seconds or longer. Such an accident is called LOCA with consequential LOOP, or LOCA with delayed LOOP (here, abbreviated as LOCA/LOOP). This paper analyzes the unique conditions that are associated with a LOCA/LOOP, presents a model, and quantifies its contribution to core damage frequency (CDF). The results show that the CDF contribution can be a dominant contributor to risk for certain plant designs, although boiling water reactors (BWRs) are less vulnerable than pressurized water reactors (PWRs).
G. Belanger; F. Boudjema; J. Fujimoto; T. Ishikawa; T. Kaneko; K. Kato; Y. Shimizu
2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
We describe the main building blocks of a generic automated package for the calculation of Feynman diagrams. These blocks include the generation and creation of a model file, the graph generation, the symbolic calculation at an intermediate level of the Dirac and tensor algebra, implementation of the loop integrals, the generation of the matrix elements or helicity amplitudes, methods for the phase space integrations and eventually the event generation. The report focuses on the fully automated systems for the calculation of physical processes based on the experience in developing GRACE-loop. As such, a detailed description of the renormalisation procedure in the Standard Model is given emphasizing the central role played by the non-linear gauge fixing conditions for the construction of such automated codes. The need for such gauges is better appreciated when it comes to devising efficient and powerful algorithms for the reduction of the tensorial structures of the loop integrals. A new technique for these reduction algorithms is described. Explicit formulae for all two-point functions in a generalised non-linear gauge are given, together with the complete set of counterterms. We also show how infrared divergences are dealt with in the system. We give a comprehensive presentation of some systematic test-runs which have been performed at the one-loop level for a wide variety of two-to-two processes to show the validity of the gauge check. These cover fermion-fermion scattering, gauge boson scattering into fermions, gauge bosons and Higgs bosons scattering processes. Comparisons with existing results on some one-loop computation in the Standard Model show excellent agreement. We also briefly recount some recent development concerning the calculation of mutli-leg one-loop corrections.
On the q-quantum gravity loop algebra
Seth Major
2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
A class of deformations of the q-quantum gravity loop algebra is shown to be incompatible with the combinatorics of Temperley-Lieb recoupling theory with deformation parameter at a root of unity. This incompatibility appears to extend to more general deformation parameters.
Combined Loop Transformation and Hierarchy Allocation for Data Reuse Optimization
Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"
transformation framework was established based on parametric integer linear programming [6-8]. Data dependenceCombined Loop Transformation and Hierarchy Allocation for Data Reuse Optimization Jason Cong, Peng Zhang, Yi Zou Computer Science Department University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA 90095
5-loop Konishi from linearized TBA and the XXX magnet
Janos Balog; Arpad Hegedus
2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
Using the linearized TBA equations recently obtained in [arXiv:1002.1711] we show analytically that the 5-loop anomalous dimension of the Konishi operator agrees with the result obtained previously from the generalized Luscher formulae. The proof is based on the relation between this linear system and the XXX model TBA equations.
Loop invariants on demand K. Rustan M. Leino0
Leino, K. Rustan M.
a dynamic and automatic form of value-based trace partitioning. Finally, the technique can be incorporated on the data (as is done in predicate abstraction [20]) and summaries of the effects of certain control paths (like loop invariants [18,24]). A trend that has emerged in the last decade is to start with coarse
An evaluation of inductance loop detectors for speed measurement accuracy
Cronin, Brian Patrick
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The lag time from the presence of a vehicle at an inductance loop to the actual detection of a vehicle varies. As the lag time varies so does the accuracy of speed measurement. Vehicle size, vehicle speed, detector type, detector sensitivity...
Bootstrapping Multi-Parton Loop Amplitudes in QCD
Bern, Zvi; /UCLA; Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC; Kosower, David A.; /Saclay, SPhT
2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
The authors present a new method for computing complete one-loop amplitudes, including their rational parts, in non-supersymmetric gauge theory. This method merges the unitarity method with on-shell recursion relations. It systematizes a unitarity-factorization bootstrap approach previously applied by the authors to the one-loop amplitudes required for next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} Z, {gamma}* {yields} 4 jets and pp {yields} W + 2 jets. We illustrate the method by reproducing the one-loop color-ordered five-gluon helicity amplitudes in QCD that interfere with the tree amplitude, namely A{sub 5;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup -}, 3{sup +}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}) and A{sub 5;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup +}, 3{sup -}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}). Then we describe the construction of the six- and seven-gluon amplitudes with two adjacent negative-helicity gluons, A{sub 6;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup -}, 3{sup +}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}, 6{sup +}) and A{sub 7;1}(1{sup -}, 2{sup -}, 3{sup +}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup +}, 6{sup +}, 7{sup +}), which uses the previously-computed logarithmic parts of the amplitudes as input. They present a compact expression for the six-gluon amplitude. No loop integrals are required to obtain the rational parts.
Closed-Loop Energy Management Control of Large Industrial Facilities
Childress, R. L.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
providing steam to the process. A Sell Advisor calculates Make-Buy decisions based on real-time electrical prices, fuel prices and boiler loads. Condensing turbines are coordinated with closed-loop control to provide the lowest energy cost to the plant. When...
Complete Two-Loop Corrections to H -> gamma gamma
Giampiero Passarino; Christian Sturm; Sandro Uccirati
2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper the complete two-loop corrections to the Higgs-boson decay, H -> gamma gamma, are presented. The evaluations of both QCD and electroweak corrections are based on a numerical approach. The results cover all kinematical regions, including the WW normal-threshold, by introducing complex masses in the relevant (gauge-invariant) parts of the LO and NLO amplitudes.
Complete three-loop QCD corrections to the decay H -> ??
P. Maierhöfer; P. Marquard
2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z
We present the result for the three-loop singlet QCD corrections to the decay of a Higgs boson into two photons and improve the calculation for the non-singlet case. With the new result presented, the decay width Gamma(H -> \\gamma \\gamma) is completely known at O(G_F \\alpha ^2 \\alpha_s^2, G_F \\alpha ^3).
MODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE
exchanger model is crucial for analysis of hybrid ground source heat pump systems. Ground source heat pumps in a hybrid ground source heat pump application under different climate conditions. An actual office buildingMODELING OF VERTICAL GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS By CENK
The long wavelength limit of hard thermal loop effective actions
F T Brandt; J Frenkel; J C Taylor
2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
We derive a closed form expression for the long wavelength limit of the effective action for hard thermal loops in an external gravitational field. It is a function of the metric, independent of time derivatives. It is compared and contrasted with the static limit, and with the corresponding limits in an external Yang-Mills field.
Multiprotein DNA Looping Jose M. G. Vilar* and Leonor Saiz
Saiz, Leonor
symmetric counterpart on the other operator if DNA is looped. The typical way to obtain the statistical, and telomere maintenance. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.238103 PACS numbers: 87.14.Gg, 05.50.+q, 87.15.He, 87 [7], replication [4], and telomere maintenance [8]. Disruption or alteration of these processes often
Closed-loop real-time control on distributed networks
Ambike, Ajit Dilip
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis is an e?ort to develop closed-loop control strategies on computer networks and study their stability in the presence of network delays and packet losses. An algorithm using predictors was designed to ensure the system stability...
Opening the Loops -Towards Semantic, Information-centric Networking
Opening the Loops - Towards Semantic, Information-centric Networking in the Internet of Things}@comsys.rwth-aachen.de Abstract--The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm in increasing deployments promises and distributed implementation of the proposed infrastructure. I. INTRODUCTION The vision of an Internet of Things
Meson Decays with Isospin Breaking at Two Loops
Lunds Universitet,
-loop quantum cor- rections. The low energy constants of order p6 are estimated by means of a resonance chiral's notes Number of pages 137 Price Security class Distributor Karim Ghorbani Department of Theoretical Physics (IPM-LHP06), Tehran, Iran, 15-20 May 2006, pp 0009. i Johan Bijnens, Niclas Danielsson, Karim
Closing the Learning-Planning Loop with Predictive State Representations
Guestrin, Carlos
Closing the Learning-Planning Loop with Predictive State Representations Byron Boots Machine and sta- tistically consistent spectral algorithm for learning the pa- rameters of a Predictive State the essential features of the environment. This representation allows accurate prediction with a small number
DIFFUSION INDUCED CHAOS IN A CLOSED LOOP THERMOSYPHON
Van Vleck, Erik S.
VLECK SIAM J. APPL. MATH. c 1998 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 58, No. 4, pp. 1072 a prescribed heat flux along the loop wall and the contribution of axial diffusion. The well, driven by gravity, natural convection, pumps, etc. These types of devices are called ther- mosyphons
Three-loop free energy for pure gauge QCD
Arnold, P.; Zhai, C. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1994-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the free energy density for pure non-Abelian gauge theory at high temperature and zero chemical potential. The three-loop result to [ital O]([ital g][sup 4]) is [ital F]=[ital d][sub [ital A
An evaluation of inductance loop detectors for speed measurement accuracy
Cronin, Brian Patrick
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The lag time from the presence of a vehicle at an inductance loop to the actual detection of a vehicle varies. As the lag time varies so does the accuracy of speed measurement. Vehicle size, vehicle speed, detector type, detector sensitivity...
FUSION OF HAMILTONIAN LOOP GROUP MANIFOLDS AND COBORDISM
Woodward, Christopher
FUSION OF HAMILTONIAN LOOP GROUP MANIFOLDS AND COBORDISM E. MEINRENKEN AND C. WOODWARD Abstract. We References 32 1. Introduction Let G be a compact, connected, simply connected, simple Lie group and \\Sigma. In a sequel [15] to this paper, we apply our method to compute the coefficients of the fusion ring (Verlinde
Closed-Loop Energy Management Control of Large Industrial Facilities
Childress, R. L.
providing steam to the process. A Sell Advisor calculates Make-Buy decisions based on real-time electrical prices, fuel prices and boiler loads. Condensing turbines are coordinated with closed-loop control to provide the lowest energy cost to the plant. When...
Optimization of Industrial Applications with Hardware in the Loop
Boyer, Edmond
of industrial robots integrated in complex robot cells. Trajectory optimizers are usually based on models and with changes of the robot task. Index Terms Industrial robotics, Trajectory optimization, Derivative free with Hardware in the Loop I. INTRODUCTION To reduce production costs, industrial robots must work as fast
Conformal Behavior at Four Loops and Scheme (In)Dependence
Thomas A. Ryttov
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We search for infrared zeros of the beta function and evaluate the anomalous dimension of the mass at the associated fixed point for asymptotically free vector-like fermionic gauge theories with gauge group SU(N). The fixed points of the beta function are studied at the two, three and four loop level in two different explicit schemes. These are the modified regularization invariant, RI', scheme and the minimal momentum subtraction, mMOM, scheme. The search is performed in Landau gauge where the beta function of the gauge parameter vanishes. We then compare our findings to earlier identical investigations performed in the modified minimal subtraction, $\\bar{\\text{MS}}$, scheme. It is found that the value of the anomalous dimension of the mass is smaller at three and four loops than at two loops. This seems to be a generic pattern that is observed in all three different schemes. We then estimate the value of the anomalous dimension to be $\\gamma \\sim 0.225-0.375$ for twelve fundamental flavors and three colors, $\\gamma \\sim 0.500 - 0.593$ for two adjoint flavors and two colors and finally $\\gamma \\sim 1.12-1.70$ for two two-indexed flavors and three colors with the lower and upper bound set by the minimum and maximum value respectively over all three schemes and at three and four loops. Our analysis suggests that the former two theories lie in the conformal window while the latter belongs to the chirally broken phase.
Automation of Multi-leg One-loop virtual Amplitudes
D. Maitre
2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
In the last few years, much progress has been made in the computation of one-loop virtual matrix elements for processes involving many external particles. In this contribution the methods that have enabled this recent progress are briefly reviewed with a focus on their computing and automation aspects.
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal
Hsiang, Tom
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal amplification sequencing and analytical techniques, genomic sequence data of prok- aryotes are accumulating at a very rapid pace. As of October 2008, there are 873 complete and pub- lished genome sequences, as well as 2025
SIMULATION AND VALIDATION OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE AND WATER-LOOP HEAT PUMP
SIMULATION AND VALIDATION OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE AND WATER-LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS By JASON EARL AND VALIDATION OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE AND WATER-LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS Thesis Approved: Dr. Jeffrey D. Spitler
Development of a Water Loop Simulation at the Texas A&M University Main Campus
Xue, H.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A computer simulation model is an economic and convenient tool to perform analysis of chilled water loop. The primary objective of this paper is developing procedure for simulating and optimizing chilled water loop with computer simulation model. A...
Real Time (20 Second) Data Base Single Loop (Packed into 3 bytes)
) Data Base Single Loop (Packed into 3 bytes) ------------------------------------------- Data Element;------------------------------------------------------------------------- --- Real Time (20 Second) Data Base Station (Packed into 3 bytes Loops | 3 | [0]|Data Present, 0=No Data | |Scan Cnt| 11 | [0]|
A Simple and Quick Chilled Water Loop Balancing for Variable Flow System
Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For many modem buildings, the chilled water loops and risers are equipped with variable speed pumping systems. How to quickly balance the loop or riser to satisfy the cooling requirement and reduce energy consumption is a very interesting topic...
SU(2) Lattice Gauge Theory- Local Dynamics on Non-intersecting Electric flux Loops
Ramesh Anishetty; Indrakshi Raychowdhury
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
We use Schwinger Bosons as prepotentials for lattice gauge theory to de?ne local linking oper- ators and calculate their action on linking states for 2 + 1 dimensional SU(2) lattice gauge theory. We develop a diagrammatic technique and associate a set of (lattice Feynman) rules to compute the entire loop dynamics diagrammatically. The physical loop space is shown to contain only non- intersecting loop con?gurations after solving the Mandelstam constraint. The smallest plaquette loops are contained in the physical loop space and other con?gurations are generated by the action of a set of fusion operators on this basic loop states enabling one to charaterize any arbitrary loop by the basic plaquette together with the fusion variables. Consequently, the full Kogut-Susskind Hamiltonian and the dynamics of all possible non-intersecting physical loops are formulated in terms of these fusion variables.
Geek-Up[08.27.10] -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
7.10 -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Nio Geek-Up08.27.10 -- Geothermal Stores, Graphene Loops, Nozzle Technology and the 1918 El Nio...
High Performance Loop Filter Design for Continuous-time Sigma-delta ADC
Gui, Fan
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
Continuous-time (CT) sigma-delta (??) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are widely used in wireless transceiver. Loop filter becomes a critical component in the implementation of high resolution large bandwidth CT ?? ADC because it determines loop...
High Performance Loop Filter Design for Continuous-time Sigma-delta ADC
Gui, Fan
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
Continuous-time (CT) sigma-delta (??) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are widely used in wireless transceiver. Loop filter becomes a critical component in the implementation of high resolution large bandwidth CT ?? ADC because it determines loop...
Running of $?_s$ in the MSSM with three-loop accuracy
Luminita Mihaila
2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
The evolution of the strong coupling constant $\\alpha_s$ from $M_Z$ to the GUT scale is presented, involving three-loop running and two-loop decoupling. Accordingly, the two-loop transition from the $\\bar{\\rm MS}$ to the $\\bar{\\rm DR}$ scheme is properly taken into account. We find that the three-loop effects are comparable to the experimental uncertainty for $\\alpha_s$.
Effective SU(2) Polyakov Loop Theories with Heavy Quarks on the Lattice
Philipp Scior; David Scheffler; Dominik Smith; Lorenz von Smekal
2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
We compare SU(2) Polyakov loop models with different effective actions with data from full two-color QCD simulations around and above the critical temperature. We then apply the effective theories at finite temperature and density to extract quantities like Polyakov loop correlators, effective Polyakov loop potentials and baryon density.
Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky
Pelinovsky, Dmitry
Loops of Energy Bands for Bloch Waves in Optical Lattices By Matt Coles and Dmitry Pelinovsky We in this context. These bifurcations generate loops in the energy bands of the Bloch waves near the ends is the possibility of loops in the energy bands associated with the nonlinear Bloch waves. This possibility was first
The Astrophysical Journal Submitted, 2000 August 7 Modeling of Coronal EUV Loops Observed with TRACE
Hudson, Hugh
measure distribution peaks in the temperature range of 3Â5 MK, an overwhelming large number of EUV loops loops and transient brightenings. Subject headings: Sun: Corona --- Sun : Active Regions --- Sun : EUV to the interpretation of EUV loops, for which physical parameters such as density n e (s) and temperature T (s) along
Closed-Loop Compensation Method for Oscillations Caused by Control Valve Stiction
Wang, Jiandong
Closed-Loop Compensation Method for Oscillations Caused by Control Valve Stiction Jiandong Wang-loop compensation method to remove oscillations caused by control valve stiction. With the control loop operating movements for the control valve to arrive at a desired position. A systematic way to design the parameters
Closed-loop guided directional drilling: Fundamentals, concepts and simulations
Heisig, G.; Oppelt, J. [Baker Hughes INTEQ GmbH, Celle (Germany); Neubert, M. [Technical Univ. Braunschweig (Germany); Donati, F. [Agip S.p.A., Milan (Italy)
1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper introduces the fundamentals of directional drilling with a closed-loop control. In the discussion of different signal flow concepts a surface controlled system is identified as the original approach to automatic directional drilling. The success of the directional drilling operation depends on the proper layout of the controller in the control loop. A control method is introduced which anticipates direction changes on the planned path. The algorithm is tested by applying computer simulation techniques. The simulator is based on a mathematical model of a directional drilling system with an adjustable stabilizer. Coupling this model with a rock/bit interaction model yields a non-linear differential equation system for the drilling trajectory. The equations can be solved numerically. The simulation results prove the importance of anticipation in the control algorithm.
Magnetic and electric screening masses from Polyakov-loop correlations
Y. Maezawa; S. Aoki; S. Ejiri; T. Hatsuda; N. Ishii; K. Kanaya; N. Ukita; T. Umeda
2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Screening properties of the quark gluon plasma are studied from Polyakov-loop correlation in lattice QCD simulations with two flavors of improved Wilson quarks at temperatures $T/\\Tpc \\simeq 1$--4 where $\\Tpc$ is the pseudocritical temperature. Using the Euclidean-time reflection symmetry and the charge conjugation symmetry, we introduce various types of Polyakov-loop correlation functions and extract screening masses in magnetic and electric sectors. We find that the temperature dependence of the screening masses are well described by the weak coupling expansion. We also find that a ratio of the screening masses in the electric sector to the magnetic sector shows qualitative agreement with a prediction from the dimensionally-reduced effective field theory and the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at $1.3 < T/\\Tpc < 3$.
Alternative quantization of the Hamiltonian in isotropic loop quantum cosmology
Jinsong Yang; You Ding; Yongge Ma
2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
Since there are quantization ambiguities in constructing the Hamiltonian constraint operator in isotropic loop quantum cosmology, it is crucial to check whether the key features of loop quantum cosmology, such as the quantum bounce and effective scenario, are robust against the ambiguities. In this paper, we consider a typical quantization ambiguity arising from the quantization of the field strength of the gravitational connection. An alternative Hamiltonian constraint operator is constructed, which is shown to have the correct classical limit by the semiclassical analysis. The effective Hamiltonian incorporating higher order quantum corrections is also obtained. In the spatially flat FRW model with a massless scalar field, the classical big bang is again replaced by a quantum bounce. Moreover, there are still great possibilities for the expanding universe to recollapse due to the quantum gravity effect. Thus, these key features are robust against this quantization ambiguity.
Separable sequences in Bianchi I loop quantum cosmology
Cartin, Daniel; Khanna, Gaurav [Naval Academy Preparatory School, 197 Elliot Street, Newport, Rhode Island 02841 (United States); Physics Department, University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts 02747 (United States)
2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we discuss the properties of one-parameter sequences that arise when solving the Hamiltonian constraint in Bianchi I loop quantum cosmology using a separation of variables method. In particular, we focus on finding an expression for the sequence for all real values of the parameter, and discuss the preclassicality of this function. We find that the behavior of these preclassical sequences imply time asymmetry on either side of the classical singularity in Bianchi I cosmology.
Independent Loop Invariants for 2+1 Gravity
R. Loll
1994-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
We identify an explicit set of complete and independent Wilson loop invariants for 2+1 gravity on a three-manifold $M=\\R\\times\\Sigma^g$, with $\\Sigma^g$ a compact oriented Riemann surface of arbitrary genus $g$. In the derivation we make use of a global cross section of the $PSU(1,1)$-principal bundle over Teichm\\"uller space given in terms of Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates.
Heliostat System with Wireless Closed-Loop Control
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This fact sheet summarizes a SunShot Initiative project led by Thermata to develop and demonstrate the first practical heliostat to use closed-loop tracking that can optically sense and control the reflected sunlight beam at the target. The expected benefits of this system include the reduction in the total installed cost of the heliostat field in a power tower concentrating solar power project.
Ageing is important: closing the fouling-cleaning loop
Ishiyama, E.M.; Paterson, W.R.; Wilson, D.I.
2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
- 1 - Ageing is important: Closing the fouling-cleaning loop Edward M. Ishiyama 1,2 , William R. Paterson 2 and D. Ian Wilson 2 1 IHS Downstream Research, 133 Houndsditch, London EC3A 7BX, United Kingdom 2 Department of Chemical... Engineering and Biotechnology, New Museums Site, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Address correspondence to Dr. D. Ian Wilson, Department of Chemical Engineering...
Effects of Sequence Disorder on DNA Looping and Cyclization
Yuri O. Popov; Alexei V. Tkachenko
2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
Effects of sequence disorder on looping and cyclization of the double-stranded DNA are studied theoretically. Both random intrinsic curvature and inhomogeneous bending rigidity are found to result in a remarkably wide distribution of cyclization probabilities. For short DNA segments, the range of the distribution reaches several orders of magnitude for even completely random sequences. The ensemble averaged values of the cyclization probability are also calculated, and the connection to the recent experiments is discussed.
Closed-loop air cooling system for a turbine engine
North, William Edward (Winter Springs, FL)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Method and apparatus are disclosed for providing a closed-loop air cooling system for a turbine engine. The method and apparatus provide for bleeding pressurized air from a gas turbine engine compressor for use in cooling the turbine components. The compressed air is cascaded through the various stages of the turbine. At each stage a portion of the compressed air is returned to the compressor where useful work is recovered.
Longitudinal magnetohydrodynamics oscillations in dissipative, cooling coronal loops
Al-Ghafri, K. S.; Ruderman, M. S.; Williamson, A.; Erdélyi, R., E-mail: app08ksa@sheffield.ac.uk, E-mail: m.s.ruderman@sheffield.ac.uk, E-mail: app09aw@sheffield.ac.uk, E-mail: robertus@sheffield.ac.uk [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Centre (SP2RC), University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)
2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates the effect of cooling on standing slow magnetosonic waves in coronal magnetic loops. The damping mechanism taken into account is thermal conduction that is a viable candidate for dissipation of slow magnetosonic waves in coronal loops. In contrast to earlier studies, here we assume that the characteristic damping time due to thermal conduction is not small, but arbitrary, and can be of the order of the oscillation period, i.e., a temporally varying plasma is considered. The approximation of low-beta plasma enables us to neglect the magnetic field perturbation when studying longitudinal waves and consider, instead, a one-dimensional motion that allows a reliable first insight into the problem. The background plasma temperature is assumed to be decaying exponentially with time, with the characteristic cooling timescale much larger than the oscillation period. This assumption enables us to use the WKB method to study the evolution of the oscillation amplitude analytically. Using this method we obtain the equation governing the oscillation amplitude. The analytical expressions determining the wave properties are evaluated numerically to investigate the evolution of the oscillation frequency and amplitude with time. The results show that the oscillation period increases with time due to the effect of plasma cooling. The plasma cooling also amplifies the amplitude of oscillations in relatively cool coronal loops, whereas, for very hot coronal loop oscillations the damping rate is enhanced by the cooling. We find that the critical point for which the amplification becomes dominant over the damping is in the region of 4 MK. These theoretical results may serve as impetus for developing the tools of solar magneto-seismology in dynamic plasmas.
A Cluster Bootstrap for Two-Loop MHV Amplitudes
John Golden; Marcus Spradlin
2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
We apply a bootstrap procedure to two-loop MHV amplitudes in planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory. We argue that the mathematically most complicated part (the $\\Lambda^2 B_2$ coproduct component) of the n-particle amplitude is uniquely determined by a simple cluster algebra property together with a few physical constraints (dihedral symmetry, analytic structure, supersymmetry, and well-defined collinear limits). We present a concise, closed-form expression which manifests these properties for all n.
Lattice refining loop quantum cosmology, anisotropic models, and stability
Bojowald, Martin; Cartin, Daniel; Khanna, Gaurav [Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Pennsylvania State University, 104 Davey Lab, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Naval Academy Preparatory School, 197 Elliot Street, Newport, Rhode Island 02841 (United States); Physics Department, University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts 02747 (United States)
2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
A general class of loop quantizations for anisotropic models is introduced and discussed, which enhances loop quantum cosmology by relevant features seen in inhomogeneous situations. The main new effect is an underlying lattice which is being refined during dynamical changes of the volume. In general, this leads to a new feature of dynamical difference equations which may not have constant step-size, posing new mathematical problems. It is discussed how such models can be evaluated and what lattice refinements imply for semiclassical behavior. Two detailed examples illustrate that stability conditions can put strong constraints on suitable refinement models, even in the absence of a fundamental Hamiltonian which defines changes of the underlying lattice. Thus, a large class of consistency tests of loop quantum gravity becomes available. In this context, it will also be seen that quantum corrections due to inverse powers of metric components in a constraint are much larger than they appeared recently in more special treatments of isotropic, free scalar models where they were artificially suppressed.
Simulations of Solar Jets Confined by Coronal Loops
Wyper, P F
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Coronal jets are collimated, dynamic events that occur over a broad range of spatial scales in the solar corona. In the open magnetic field of coronal holes, jets form quasi-radial spires that can extend far out into the heliosphere, while in closed-field regions the jet outflows are confined to the corona. We explore the application of the embedded-bipole model to jets occurring in closed coronal loops. In this model, magnetic free energy is injected slowly by footpoint motions that introduce twist within the closed dome of the jet source region, and is released rapidly by the onset of an ideal kink-like instability. Two length scales characterize the system: the width (N) of the jet source region and the footpoint separation (L) of the coronal loop that envelops the jet source. We find that the jet characteristics are highly sensitive to the ratio L/N, in both the conditions for initiation and the subsequent dynamics. The longest-lasting and most energetic jets occur along long coronal loops with large L/N ...
Soft X-ray emission in flaring coronal loops
Pinto, R F; Brun, A S
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Solar flares are associated with intense soft X-ray emission generated by the hot flaring plasma in coronal magnetic loops. Kink unstable twisted flux-ropes provide a source of magnetic energy which can be released impulsively and account for the heating of the plasma in flares. We investigate the temporal, spectral and spatial evolution of the properties of the thermal X-ray emission produced in such kink-unstable magnetic flux-ropes using a series of MHD simulations. We deduce emission diagnostics and their temporal evolution and discuss the results of the simulations with respect to observations. The numerical setup used consists of a highly twisted loop embedded in a region of uniform and untwisted background coronal magnetic field. We let the kink instability develop, compute the evolution of the plasma properties in the loop (density, temperature) and deduce the X-ray emission properties of the plasma during the whole flaring episode. During the initial phase of the instability plasma heating is mostly ...
The matter bounce scenario in loop quantum cosmology
Wilson-Ewing, Edward, E-mail: wilson-ewing@cpt.univ-mrs.fr [Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS UMR 7332, CPT, 13288 Marseille (France)
2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the matter bounce scenario, a dust-dominated contracting space-time generates scale-invariant perturbations that, assuming a nonsingular bouncing cosmology, propagate to the expanding branch and set appropriate initial conditions for the radiation-dominated era. Since this scenario depends on the presence of a bounce, it seems appropriate to consider it in the context of loop quantum cosmology where a bouncing universe naturally arises. For a pressureless collapsing universe in loop quantum cosmology, the predicted power spectrum of the scalar perturbations after the bounce is scale-invariant and the tensor to scalar ratio is negligibly small. A slight red tilt can be given to the scale-invariance of the scalar perturbations by a scalar field whose equation of state is P = ???, where ? is a small positive number. Then, the power spectrum for tensor perturbations is also almost scale-invariant with the same red tilt as the scalar perturbations, and the tensor to scalar ratio is expected to be r ? 9 × 10{sup ?4}. Finally, for the predicted amplitude of the scalar perturbations to agree with observations, the critical density in loop quantum cosmology must be of the order ?{sub c} ? 10{sup ?9}?{sub Pl}.
Master integrals for the four-loop Sudakov form factor
Boels, Rutger; Yang, Gang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The light-like cusp anomalous dimension is a universal function in the analysis of infrared divergences. In maximally ($\\mathcal{N}=4$) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (SYM) in the planar limit, it is known, in principle, to all loop orders. The non-planar corrections are not known in any theory, with the first appearing at the four-loop order. Probably the simplest quantity which contains this correction is the four-loop two-point form factor of the stress tensor multiplet. This form factor was obtained in integrand form in a previous work for $\\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM, up to a single parameter. In this work, a reduction of the appearing integrals obtained by solving integration-by-parts (IBP) identities using (a tweaked version of) Reduze is reported. The form factor is shown to be independent of the remaining parameter at integrand level due to an intricate pattern of cancellations after IBP reduction. The appearing master integrals are cross-checked using algebraic techniques explored in the Mint package. The ...
Recipes and Ingredients for Neutrino Mass at Loop Level
Yasaman Farzan; Silvia Pascoli; Michael A. Schmidt
2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
The large hierarchy between the neutrino mass scale and that of the other fermions seems to be unnatural from a theoretical point of view. Various strategies have been devised in order to generate naturally small values of neutrino masses. One of these techniques is neutrino mass generation at the loop level which requires a mechanism, e.g., a symmetry, to forbid the lower order contributions. Here, we study in detail the conditions on this type of symmetries. We put special emphasis on the discrete Z_n symmetries as a simple example but our results can be also extended to more general groups. We find that regardless of the details of the symmetry, in certain cases the existence of a lower order contribution to neutrino masses can be determined by the topology of the diagrams with a given number of loops. We discuss the lepton flavor violating rare decays as well as (g-2)_\\mu in this class of models, which generically appear at the one loop level. Typically the imposed symmetry has important implications for dark matter, with the possibility of stabilizing one or even multiple dark matter candidates.
Asymmetric Ejecta Distribution of the Cygnus Loop revealed with Suzaku
S. Katsuda; H. Tsunemi; E. Miyata; K. Mori; M. Namiki; N. Nemes; E. D. Miller
2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
We observed a linearly sliced area of the Cygnus Loop from the north-east to the south-west with Suzaku in seven pointings. After dividing the entire fields of view (FOV) into 119 cells, we extracted spectra from all of the cells and performed spectral analysis for them. We then applied both one- and two-component non-equilibrium ionization (NEI) models for all of the spectra, finding that almost all were significantly better fitted by the two-component NEI model rather than the one-component NEI model. Judging from the abundances, the high-kT_e component must be the ejecta component, while the low-kT_e component comes from the swept-up matter. Therefore, the ejecta turn out to be distributed inside a large area (at least our FOV) of the Cygnus Loop. We divided the entire FOV into northern and southern parts, and found that the ejecta distributions were asymmetric to the geometric center: the ejecta of Si, S, and Fe seem to be distributed more in the south than in the north of the Cygnus Loop by a factor of about 2. The degree of ejecta-asymmetry is consistent with that expected by recent supernova explosion models.
Asymmetric Ejecta Distribution of the Cygnus Loop revealed with Suzaku
Katsuda, S; Miyata, E; Mori, K; Namiki, M; Nemes, N; Miller, E D
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We observed a linearly sliced area of the Cygnus Loop from the north-east to the south-west with Suzaku in seven pointings. After dividing the entire fields of view (FOV) into 119 cells, we extracted spectra from all of the cells and performed spectral analysis for them. We then applied both one- and two-component non-equilibrium ionization (NEI) models for all of the spectra, finding that almost all were significantly better fitted by the two-component NEI model rather than the one-component NEI model. Judging from the abundances, the high-kT_e component must be the ejecta component, while the low-kT_e component comes from the swept-up matter. Therefore, the ejecta turn out to be distributed inside a large area (at least our FOV) of the Cygnus Loop. We divided the entire FOV into northern and southern parts, and found that the ejecta distributions were asymmetric to the geometric center: the ejecta of Si, S, and Fe seem to be distributed more in the south than in the north of the Cygnus Loop by a factor of a...
Onset of electron acceleration in a flare loop
Sharykin, Ivan; Liu, Siming [Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008 (China); Fletcher, Lyndsay, E-mail: liusm@pmo.ac.cn [School of Physics and Astronomy, SUPA, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)
2014-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
We carried out a detailed analysis of X-ray and radio observations of a simple flare loop that occurred on 2002 August 12, with the impulsive hard X-ray (HXR) light curves dominated by a single pulse. The emission spectra of the early impulsive phase are consistent with an isothermal model in the coronal loop with a temperature reaching several keV. A power-law high-energy spectral tail is evident near the HXR peak time, in accordance with the appearance of footpoints at high energies, and is well correlated with the radio emission. The energy content of the thermal component keeps increasing gradually after the disappearance of this nonthermal component. These results suggest that electron acceleration only covers the central period of a longer and more gradual energy dissipation process and that the electron transport within the loop plays a crucial role in the formation of the inferred power-law electron distribution. The spectral index of power-law photons shows a very gradual evolution, indicating that the electron accelerator is in a quasi-steady state, which is confirmed by radio observations. These results are consistent with the theory of stochastic electron acceleration from a thermal background. Advanced modeling with coupled electron acceleration and spatial transport processes is needed to explain these observations more quantitatively, which may reveal the dependence of the electron acceleration on the spatial structure of the acceleration region.
Chandra Observations of the Northeastern Rim of the Cygnus Loop
Satoru Katsuda; Hiroshi Tsunemi; Masashi Kimura; Koji Mori
2008-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
We present results from spatially resolved spectral analyses of the northeastern (NE) rim of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant (SNR) based on two Chandra observations. One pointing includes northern outermost abundance-enhanced regions discovered by recent Suzaku observations, while the other pointing is located on regions with "normal" abundances in the NE rim of the Cygnus Loop. The superior spatial resolving power of Chandra allows us to reveal that the abundance-enhanced region is concentrated in an about 200"-thickness region behind the shock front. We confirm absolute metal abundances (i.e., relative to H) as well as abundance ratios between metals are consistent with those of the solar values within a factor of about 2. Also, we find that the emission measure in the region gradually decreases toward the shock front. These features are in contrast with those of the ejecta fragments around the Vela SNR, which leads us to believe that the abundance enhancements are not likely due to metal-rich ejecta. We suggest that the origin of the plasma in this region is the interstellar medium (ISM). In the "normal" abundance regions, we confirm that abundances are depleted to the solar values by a factor of about 5 that is not expected in the ISM around the Cygnus Loop. Introduction of non-thermal emission in our model fitting can not naturally resolve the abundance-depletion problem. The origin of the depletion still remains as an open question.
Aalberts, Daniel P.
A two length scale polymer theory for RNA loop free energies and helix stacking Daniel P. Aalberts). The reliability of RNA secondary structure predictions is subject to the accuracy of the underly- ing free energy formulation of loop free energies, particularly for multibranch loops. RNA loops contain single
A unified view of coronal loop contraction and oscillation in flares
Russell, Alexander J B; Fletcher, Lyndsay
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Context: Transverse loop oscillations and loop contractions are commonly associated with solar flares, but the two types of motion have traditionally been regarded as separate phenomena. Aims: We present an observation of coronal loops contracting and oscillating following onset of a flare. We aim to explain why both behaviours are seen together and why only some of the loops oscillate. Methods: A time sequence of SDO/AIA 171 \\r{A} images is analysed to identify positions of coronal loops following the onset of M6.4 flare SOL2012-03-09T03:53. We focus on five loops in particular, all of which contract during the flare, with three of them oscillating as well. A simple model is then developed for contraction and oscillation of a coronal loop. Results: We propose that coronal loop contractions and oscillations can occur in a single response to removal of magnetic energy from the corona. Our model reproduces the various types of loop motion observed and explains why the highest loops oscillate during their contra...
Secretary Steven Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery at the Pomona
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:DepartmentExecutiveBuilding |ScienceDiscuss thePartnerships |Resiliencethe U.S.
Ghate, Ekata; Kulkarni, G. R.; Bhoraskar, S. V.; Adhi, K. P. [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Pune-07 (India)
2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
Study of structural colors in case of insects and butterflies is important for their biomimic and biophotonics applications. Structural color is the color which is produced by physical structures and their interaction with light while pigmentary color is produced by absorption of light by pigments. Common Emigrant butterfly is widely distributed in India. It is of moderate size with wing span of about 60-80 mm. The wings are broadly white with yellow or sulphur yellow coloration at places as well as few dark black patches. It belongs to family Pieridae. A study of structural color in case of Common Emigrant butterfly has been carried out in the present work. The characterization of wing color was performed using absorption spectroscopy. Scanning electron microscopic study of the wings of Common Emigrant butterfly showed that three different types of scales are present on the wing surface dorsally. Diffracting structures are present in certain parts of the surfaces of the various scales. Bead like structures are embedded in the intricate structures of the scales. Absorption spectra revealed that a strong absorption peak is seen in the UV-range. Crystalline structure of beads was confirmed by the X-ray diffraction analysis.
Evaluation of I-10 Pomona (07-181304) Long-Life Pavement Rehabilitation Costs
Harvey, John T; Santero, Nicholas J; G, Mary Fermo
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Treated Permeable Base Asphalt Concrete (Type B) PlacePermeable Base, Retrofit Dowels, Tie Bars, Concrete Spall
EIS-0505: Vantage to Pomona Heights 230 kV Transmission Line Project;
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission:portion of the Raver -formatting error inDepartmentDepartment|
Emergence of General Relativity from Loop Quantum Gravity: A Summary
Chun-Yen Lin
2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z
A model is proposed to demonstrate that classical general relativity can emerge from loop quantum gravity, in a relational description of gravitational field in terms of the coordinates given by matter. Local Dirac observables and coherent states are defined to explore physical content of the model. Expectation values of commutators between the observables for the coherent states recover the four-dimensional diffeomorphism algebra and the large-scale dynamics of the gravitational field relative to the matter coordinates. Both results conform with general relativity up to calculable corrections near singularities.
Loop quantization of the Gowdy model with local rotational symmetry
de Blas, Daniel Martín; Paw?owski, Tomasz
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a full quantization of the vacuum Gowdy model with local rotational symmetry. We consider a redefinition of the constraints where the Hamiltonian Poisson-commutes with itself. We then apply of the canonical quantization program of loop quantum gravity within an improved dynamics scheme. We identify the exact solutions of the constraints and the physical observables, and we construct the physical Hilbert space. It is remarkable that quantum spacetimes are free of singularities. New quantum observables naturally arising in the treatment partially codify the discretization of the geometry. The preliminary analysis of the asymptotic future/past of the evolution indicates that the existing Abelianization technique needs further refinement.
Loop Quantum Theory Applied to Biology and Nonlinear Whole Biology
Yi-Fang Chang
2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z
The loop quantum theory, which constitutes a very small discontinuous space, as new method is applied to biology. The model of protein folding and lungs is proposed. In the model, some known results are used, and four approximate conclusions are obtained: their structures are quantized, their space regions are finite, various singularities correspond to folding and crossed points, and different types of catastrophe exist. Further, based on the inseparability and correlativity of the biological systems, the nonlinear whole biology is proposed, and four basic hypotheses are formed. It may unify reductionism and holism, structuralism and functionalism. Finally, the medical meaning of the theory is discussed briefly.
System having unmodulated flux locked loop for measuring magnetic fields
Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Blue Springs, MO)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
A system (10) for measuring magnetic fields, wherein the system (10) comprises an unmodulated or direct-feedback flux locked loop (12) connected by first and second unbalanced RF coaxial transmission lines (16a, 16b) to a superconducting quantum interference device (14). The FLL (12) operates for the most part in a room-temperature or non-cryogenic environment, while the SQUID (14) operates in a cryogenic environment, with the first and second lines (16a, 16b) extending between these two operating environments.
Closed loop air cooling system for combustion turbines
Huber, David John (North Canton, OH); Briesch, Michael Scot (Orlando, FL)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Convective cooling of turbine hot parts using a closed loop system is disclosed. Preferably, the present invention is applied to cooling the hot parts of combustion turbine power plants, and the cooling provided permits an increase in the inlet temperature and the concomitant benefits of increased efficiency and output. In preferred embodiments, methods and apparatus are disclosed wherein air is removed from the combustion turbine compressor and delivered to passages internal to one or more of a combustor and turbine hot parts. The air cools the combustor and turbine hot parts via convection and heat is transferred through the surfaces of the combustor and turbine hot parts.
Dirac Fields in Loop Quantum Gravity and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis
Martin Bojowald; Rupam Das; Robert J. Scherrer
2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z
Big Bang nucleosynthesis requires a fine balance between equations of state for photons and relativistic fermions. Several corrections to equation of state parameters arise from classical and quantum physics, which are derived here from a canonical perspective. In particular, loop quantum gravity allows one to compute quantum gravity corrections for Maxwell and Dirac fields. Although the classical actions are very different, quantum corrections to the equation of state are remarkably similar. To lowest order, these corrections take the form of an overall expansion-dependent multiplicative factor in the total density. We use these results, along with the predictions of Big Bang nucleosynthesis, to place bounds on these corrections.
"Closed-loop" analysis of a thermo-charged capacitor
Germano D'Abramo
2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter, an explicit application of conservation of energy and zero net work principle around a closed path ("closed-loop" analysis) is carried out on a thermo-charged capacitor at equilibrium with ambient heat at uniform temperature. This analysis corroborates the results of previous studies [Phys.Lett.A 374 (2010) 1801, Physica A 390 (2011) 481] that a potential drop $\\Delta V$ does actually occur at capacitor terminals. Finally, a conventional photoelectric emission experiment is proposed to indirectly text thermo-charged capacitor functioning.
Closed loop air cooling system for combustion turbines
Huber, D.J.; Briesch, M.S.
1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z
Convective cooling of turbine hot parts using a closed loop system is disclosed. Preferably, the present invention is applied to cooling the hot parts of combustion turbine power plants, and the cooling provided permits an increase in the inlet temperature and the concomitant benefits of increased efficiency and output. In preferred embodiments, methods and apparatus are disclosed wherein air is removed from the combustion turbine compressor and delivered to passages internal to one or more of a combustor and turbine hot parts. The air cools the combustor and turbine hot parts via convection and heat is transferred through the surfaces of the combustor and turbine hot parts. 1 fig.
FINGERPRINTS OF GALACTIC LOOP I ON THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND
Liu, Hao [Niels Bohr Institute and Discovery Center, Copenhagen University, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark); Mertsch, Philipp [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2575 Sand Hill Road, M/S 29, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Sarkar, Subir, E-mail: liuhao@nbi.dk [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)
2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate possible imprints of galactic foreground structures such as the ''radio loops'' in the derived maps of the cosmic microwave background. Surprisingly, there is evidence for these not only at radio frequencies through their synchrotron radiation, but also at microwave frequencies where emission by dust dominates. This suggests the mechanism is magnetic dipole radiation from dust grains enriched by metallic iron or ferrimagnetic molecules. This new foreground we have identified is present at high galactic latitudes, and potentially dominates over the expected B-mode polarization signal due to primordial gravitational waves from inflation.
OBSERVATIONS OF PLASMA UPFLOW IN A WARM LOOP WITH HINODE/EIS
Tripathi, Durgesh [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Mason, Helen E.; Del Zanna, Giulio [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, Steven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States)
2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
A complete understanding of Doppler shift in active region loops can help probe the basic physical mechanism involved into the heating of those loops. Here, we present observations of upflows in coronal loops detected in a range of temperatures (log T = 5.8-6.2). The loop was not discernible above these temperatures. The speed of upflow was strongest at the footpoint and decreased with height. The upflow speed at the footpoint was about 20 km s{sup -1} in Fe VIII, which decreased with temperature, being about 13 km s{sup -1} in Fe X, about 8 km s{sup -1} in Fe XII, and about 4 km s{sup -1} in Fe XIII. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first observation providing evidence of upflow of plasma in coronal loop structures at these temperatures. We interpret these observations as evidence of chromospheric evaporation in quasi-static coronal loops.
Spectral indices of Galactic radio loops between 1420, 820 and 408 MHz
V. Borka
2007-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper the average brightness temperatures and surface brightnesses at 1420, 820 and 408 MHz of the six main Galactic radio-continuum loops are derived, as are their radio spectral indices. The temperatures and surface brightnesses of the radio loops are computed using data taken from radio continuum surveys at 1420, 820 and 408 MHz. We have demonstrated the reality of Loops V and VI and present diagrams of their spectra for the first time. We derived the radio spectral indices of Galactic radio loops from radio surveys at three frequencies (1420, 820 and 408 MHz) and confirm them to be non-thermal sources. Diameters and distances of Loops I-VI were also calculated. The results obtained are in good agreement with current theories of supernova remnant (SNR) evolution and suggest that radio loops may have a SNR origin.
Impact of Traffic States on Freeway Collision Frequency
Yeo, Hwasoo; Jang, Kitae; Skabardonis, Alexander
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
interurban motorways, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 34,of traffic flow, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36, 2004,hourly traffic flow-I: Accident Analysis and Prevention, 14,
Real-time Vehicle Reidentification System for Freeway Performance Measurements
Jeng, Shin-Ting
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
system are considered “non-intrusive detection systems”detection systems, non-intrusive detection systems areproblem. Among the non- intrusive detection systems ILDs,
The effect of rainfall on freeway travel speeds
Holdener, Douglas Joseph
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
with hypothetical free-flow speed and j am density parameters to predict speed during wet and dry conditions. The model predicted lower wet speeds than dry speeds for given volumes, and differentials increased as volume approached wet capacity. At volumes exceeding...
A study of freeway off-ramp design and operation
Carvell, James Demus
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. Affected Through Versus Non-Affected Through Ve hie les. Raft Versus Non-Affected Through Vehicles . gait Versus Affected Through Vehicles . Qeneral Observations. Acceleration Noise ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 26 30 32 34 36 37 IVo ANALTSIS QF QPP...?ey Pilning Locatioes. 5. Reit 4 (Telephone Off-Reap) . S. Rxit 7 (Myrtle Off Reap) Saainary Of f-Rasp S. Acceleration Noise Locations. 9. Woodridge Of f-gasp. 10. Typical Pr~s Proc yiha Study. 11. Speed Recorder . . ~ . ~ . . ~ . . ~ 12. Vehicle...
The effect of rainfall on freeway travel speeds
Holdener, Douglas Joseph
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Distribution of All 5-minute Rainfall Summaries. . . . . 43 13 Distribution of Daily Rainfall Summaries by Rainfall Gauge. . . . . . 44 14 Dis&bution of 5-minute Mean Speeds over Mid-day Period during Dry Conditions. 62 15 Mean Link One Speeds by Weekday.... . 65 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 16 Distribution of Link Speed Data over Peak Period. . . . . . . . . 17 Average Link Speeds by Weekday over Peak Period. . . . . Page 67 69 18 Link One Speeds during Evening Period. 75 19 Plot of Wet and Dry Travel...
A Multivariate Analysis of Freeway Speed and Headway Data
Zou, Yajie
2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
The knowledge of speed and headway distributions is essential in microscopic traffic flow studies because speed and headway are both fundamental microscopic characteristics of traffic flow. For microscopic ...
A study of freeway off-ramp design and operation
Carvell, James Demus
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. Affected Through Versus Non-Affected Through Ve hie les. Raft Versus Non-Affected Through Vehicles . gait Versus Affected Through Vehicles . Qeneral Observations. Acceleration Noise ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 26 30 32 34 36 37 IVo ANALTSIS QF QPP...?ey Pilning Locatioes. 5. Reit 4 (Telephone Off-Reap) . S. Rxit 7 (Myrtle Off Reap) Saainary Of f-Rasp S. Acceleration Noise Locations. 9. Woodridge Of f-gasp. 10. Typical Pr~s Proc yiha Study. 11. Speed Recorder . . ~ . ~ . . ~ . . ~ 12. Vehicle...
Hierarchical Coordinated Freeway On-Ramp Metering Using Switching
Boyer, Edmond
]) is taken in this work since linear control tools can be used for analysis and control design. This model). These controllers are designed using switching control theory. A real-data based simulation is used to validate for increasing the effectiveness of the design and the evaluation of traffic monitoring and control is the use
Rugh, J. P.
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles have increased vehicle thermal management complexity, using separate coolant loop for advanced power electronics and electric motors. Additional thermal components result in higher costs. Multiple cooling loops lead to reduced range due to increased weight. Energy is required to meet thermal requirements. This presentation for the 2013 Annual Merit Review discusses integrated vehicle thermal management by combining fluid loops in electric drive vehicles.
Two-loop enhancement factor for 1/Q corrections to event shapes in deep inelastic scattering
Mrinal Dasgupta; Bryan R. Webber
2000-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the two-loop enhancement factors for our earlier one-loop calculations of leading (1/Q) power corrections to the mean values of some event shape variables in deep inelastic lepton scattering. The enhancement is found to be equal to the universal ``Milan factor'' for those shape variables considered, provided the one-loop calculation is performed in a particular way. As a result, the phenomenology of power corrections to DIS event shapes remains largely unaffected.
Environmental Impact on the Southeast Limb of the Cygnus Loop
N. A. Levenson; James R. Graham
2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze observations from the Chandra X-ray Observatory of the southeast knot of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant. In this region, the blast wave propagates through an inhomogeneous environment. Extrinsic differences and subsequent multiple projections along the line of sight rather than intrinsic shock variations, such as fluid instabilities, account for the apparent complexity of the images. Interactions between the supernova blast wave and density enhancements of a large interstellar cloud can produce the morphological and spectral characteristics. Most of the X-ray flux arises in such interactions, not in the diffuse interior of the supernova remnant. Additional observations at optical and radio wavelengths support this account of the existing interstellar medium and its role in shaping the Cygnus Loop, and they demonstrate that the southeast knot is not a small cloud that the blast wave has engulfed. These data are consistent with rapid equilibration of electron and ion temperatures behind the shock front, and the current blast wave velocity v_{bw} approx 330 km/s. Most of this area does not show strong evidence for non-equilibrium ionization conditions, which may be a consequence of the high densities of the bright emission regions.
Fuzzy bags, Polyakov loop and gauge/string duality
Fen Zuo
2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
Confinement in SU($N$) gauge theory is due to the linear potential between colored objects. At short distances, the linear contribution could be considered as the quadratic correction to the leading Coulomb term. Recent lattice data show that such quadratic corrections also appear in the deconfined phase, in both the thermal quantities and the Polyakov loop. These contributions are studied systematically employing the gauge/string duality. "Confinement" in ${\\mathcal N}=4$ SU($N$) Super Yang-Mills (SYM) theory could be achieved kinematically when the theory is defined on a compact space manifold. In the large-$N$ limit, deconfinement of ${\\mathcal N}=4$ SYM on $\\mathbb{S}^3$ at strong coupling is dual to the Hawking-Page phase transition in the global Anti-de Sitter spacetime. Meantime, all the thermal quantities and the Polyakov loop achieve significant quadratic contributions. Similar results can also be obtained at weak coupling. However, when confinement is induced dynamically through the local dilaton field in the gravity-dilaton system, these contributions can not be generated consistently. This is in accordance with the fact that there is no dimension-2 gauge-invariant operator in the boundary gauge theory. Based on these results, we suspect that quadratic corrections, and also confinement, should be due to global or non-local effects in the bulk spacetime.
Supervisory control of a pilot-scale cooling loop
Kris Villez; Venkat Venkatasubramanian; Humberto Garcia
2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
We combine a previously developed strategy for Fault Detection and Identification (FDI) with a supervisory controller in closed loop. The combined method is applied to a model of a pilot-scale cooling loop of a nuclear plant, which includes Kalman filters and a model-based predictive controller as part of normal operation. The system has two valves available for flow control meaning that some redundancy is available. The FDI method is based on likelihood ratios for different fault scenarios which in turn are derived from the application of the Kalman filter. A previously introduced extension of the FDI method is used here to enable detection and identification of non-linear faults like stuck valve problems and proper accounting of the time of fault introduction. The supervisory control system is designed so to take different kinds of actions depending on the status of the fault diagnosis task and on the type of identified fault once diagnosis is complete. Some faults, like sensor bias and drift, are parametric in nature and can be adjusted without need for reconfiguration of the regulatory control system. Other faults, like a stuck valve problem, require reconfiguration of the regulatory control system. The whole strategy is demonstrated for several scenarios.
Matter Bounce Loop Quantum Cosmology from $F(R)$ Gravity
S. D. Odintsov; V. K. Oikonomou
2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
Using the reconstruction method, we investigate which $F(R)$ theories, with or without the presence of matter fluids, can produce the matter bounce scenario of holonomy corrected Loop Quantum Cosmology. We focus our study in two limits of the cosmic time, the large cosmic time limit and the small cosmic time limit. For the former, we found that, in the presence of non-interacting and non-relativistic matter, the $F(R)$ gravity that reproduces the late time limit of the matter bounce solution is actually the Einstein-Hilbert gravity plus a power law term. In the early time limit, since it corresponds to large spacetime curvatures, assuming that the Jordan frame is described by a general metric that when it is conformally transformed to the Einstein frame, produces an accelerating Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric, we found explicitly the scalar field dependence on time. After demonstrating that the solution in the Einstein frame is indeed accelerating, we calculate the spectral index derived from the Einstein frame scalar-tensor counterpart theory of the $F(R)$ theory and compare it with the Planck experiment data. In order to implement the resulting picture, we embed the $F(R)$ gravity explicitly in a Loop Quantum Cosmology framework by introducing holonomy corrections to the $F(R)$ gravity. In this way, the resulting inflation picture corresponding to the $F(R)$ gravity can be corrected in order it coincides to some extent with the current experimental data.
Simulations of magnetic hysteresis loops at high temperatures
Plumer, M. L.; Whitehead, J. P.; Fal, T. J. [Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 3X7 (Canada); Ek, J. van [Western Digital Corporation, San Jose, California 94588 (United States); Mercer, J. I. [Department of Computer Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador A1B 3X7 (Canada)
2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
The kinetic Monte-Carlo algorithm as well as standard micromagnetics are used to simulate MH loops of high anisotropy magnetic recording media at both short and long time scales over a wide range of temperatures relevant to heat-assisted magnetic recording. Microscopic parameters, common to both methods, were determined by fitting to experimental data on single-layer FePt-based media that uses the Magneto-Optic Kerr effect with a slow sweep rate of 700 Oe/s. Saturation moment, uniaxial anisotropy, and exchange constants are given an intrinsic temperature dependence based on published atomistic simulations of FePt grains with an effective Curie temperature of 680 K. Our results show good agreement between micromagnetics and kinetic Monte Carlo results over a wide range of sweep rates. Loops at the slow experimental sweep rates are found to become more square-shaped, with an increasing slope, as temperature increases from 300 K. These effects also occur at higher sweep rates, typical of recording speeds, but are much less pronounced. These results demonstrate the need for accurate determination of intrinsic thermal properties of future recording media as input to micromagnetic models as well as the sensitivity of the switching behavior of thin magnetic films to applied field sweep rates at higher temperatures.
Chandra Observations of the Northeastern Rim of the Cygnus Loop
Katsuda, Satoru; Kimura, Masashi; Mori, Koji
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present results from spatially resolved spectral analyses of the northeastern (NE) rim of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant (SNR) based on two Chandra observations. One pointing includes northern outermost abundance-enhanced regions discovered by recent Suzaku observations, while the other pointing is located on regions with "normal" abundances in the NE rim of the Cygnus Loop. The superior spatial resolving power of Chandra allows us to reveal that the abundance-enhanced region is concentrated in an about 200"-thickness region behind the shock front. We confirm absolute metal abundances (i.e., relative to H) as well as abundance ratios between metals are consistent with those of the solar values within a factor of about 2. Also, we find that the emission measure in the region gradually decreases toward the shock front. These features are in contrast with those of the ejecta fragments around the Vela SNR, which leads us to believe that the abundance enhancements are not likely due to metal-rich ejecta. We ...
Testing Loop Quantum Gravity and Electromagnetic Dark Energy in Superconductors
Clovis Jacinto de Matos
2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
In 1989 Cabrera and Tate reported an anomalous excess of mass of the Cooper pairs in rotating thin Niobium rings. So far, this experimental result never received a proper theoretical explanation in the context of superconductor's physics. In the present work we argue that what Cabrera and Tate interpreted as an anomalous excess of mass can also be associated with a deviation from the classical gravitomagnetic Larmor theorem due to the presence of dark energy in the superconductor, as well as with the discrete structure of the area of the superconducting Niobium ring as predicted by Loop Quantum Gravity. From Cabrera and Tate measurements we deduce that the quantization of spacetime in superconducting circular rings occurs at the Planck-Einstein scale $l_{PE} = (\\hbar G/c^3 \\Lambda)^{1/4}\\sim 3.77\\times 10 ^{-5} m$, instead of the Planck scale $l_{P} =(\\hbar G / c^3)^{1/2}=1.61 \\times 10 ^{-35} m$, with an Immirzi parameter which depends on the specific critical temperature of the superconducting material and on the area of the ring. The stephan-Boltzmann law for quantized areas delimited by superconducting rings is predicted, and an experimental concept based on the electromagnetic black-body radiation emitted by this surfaces, is proposed to test loop quantum gravity and electromagnetic dark energy in superconductors.
Loop quantum gravity, twistors, and some perspectives on the problem of time
Simone Speziale
2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
I give a brief introduction to the relation between loop quantum gravity and twistor theory, and comment on some perspectives on the problem of time.
Canonical Transformations and Loop Formulation of SU(N) Lattice Gauge Theories
Manu Mathur; T. P. Sreeraj
2015-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
We construct canonical transformations to reformulate SU(N) Kogut-Susskind lattice gauge theory in terms of a set of fundamental loop & string flux operators along with their canonically conjugate loop & string electric fields. We show that as a consequence of SU(N) Gauss laws all SU(N) string degrees of freedom become cyclic and decouple from the physical Hilbert space ${\\cal H}^p$. The canonical relations between the initial SU(N) link operators and the final SU(N) loop & string operators over the entire lattice are worked out in a self consistent manner. The Kogut-Susskind Hamiltonian rewritten in terms of the fundamental physical loop operators has global SU(N) invariance. There are no gauge fields. We further show that the $(1/g^2)$ magnetic field terms on plaquettes create and annihilate the fundamental plaquette loop fluxes while the $(g^2)$ electric field terms describe all their interactions. In the weak coupling ($g^2 \\rightarrow 0$) continuum limit the SU(N) loop dynamics is described by SU(N) spin Hamiltonian with nearest neighbour interactions. In the simplest SU(2) case, where the canonical transformations map the SU(2) loop Hilbert space into the Hilbert spaces of hydrogen atoms, we analyze the special role of the hydrogen atom dynamical symmetry group $SO(4,2)$ in the loop dynamics and the spectrum. A simple tensor network ansatz in the SU(2) gauge invariant hydrogen atom loop basis is discussed.
Statistical evidence for the existence of Alfvénic turbulence in solar coronal loops
Liu, Jiajia [Earth and Space Science School, University of Science and Technology of China, No. 96, JinZhai Road, Hefei (China); McIntosh, Scott W.; Bethge, Christian [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); De Moortel, Ineke; Threlfall, James, E-mail: ljj128@mail.ustc.edu.cn [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom)
2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
Recent observations have demonstrated that waves capable of carrying large amounts of energy are ubiquitous throughout the solar corona. However, the question of how this wave energy is dissipated (on which timescales and length scales) and released into the plasma remains largely unanswered. Both analytic and numerical models have previously shown that Alfvénic turbulence may play a key role not only in the generation of the fast solar wind, but in the heating of coronal loops. In an effort to bridge the gap between theory and observations, we expand on a recent study by analyzing 37 clearly isolated coronal loops using data from the Coronal Multi-channel Polarimeter instrument. We observe Alfvénic perturbations with phase speeds which range from 250 to 750 km s{sup –1} and periods from 140 to 270 s for the chosen loops. While excesses of high-frequency wave power are observed near the apex of some loops (tentatively supporting the onset of Alfvénic turbulence), we show that this excess depends on loop length and the wavelength of the observed oscillations. In deriving a proportional relationship between the loop length/wavelength ratio and the enhanced wave power at the loop apex, and from the analysis of the line widths associated with these loops, our findings are supportive of the existence of Alfvénic turbulence in coronal loops.
PLASMOID EJECTIONS AND LOOP CONTRACTIONS IN AN ERUPTIVE M7.7...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
PLASMOID EJECTIONS AND LOOP CONTRACTIONS IN AN ERUPTIVE M7.7 SOLAR FLARE: EVIDENCE OF PARTICLE ACCELERATION AND HEATING IN MAGNETIC RECONNECTION OUTFLOWS Citation Details...
Development of Diagnostic Rules for a Dry Bulb Economizer Mixed Air Loop
Underwood, D.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
knowledge base for a two fan variable air volume (VAV) air handling unit. Rules for the mixed air loop with a dry bulb economizer are presented....
Xu, Lei
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
discrete choice model of transit mode choice access was developed by Loutzenheiser (54) in 1997, based on Bay Area Rapid Transit passenger surveys and station area characteristics. Loutzenheiser found that the individual?s characteristics 24 were more...
Hanford Tank Farms Waste Certification Flow Loop Test Plan
Bamberger, Judith A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Scott, Paul A.; Adkins, Harold E.; Wells, Beric E.; Blanchard, Jeremy; Denslow, Kayte M.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A future requirement of Hanford Tank Farm operations will involve transfer of wastes from double shell tanks to the Waste Treatment Plant. As the U.S. Department of Energy contractor for Tank Farm Operations, Washington River Protection Solutions anticipates the need to certify that waste transfers comply with contractual requirements. This test plan describes the approach for evaluating several instruments that have potential to detect the onset of flow stratification and critical suspension velocity. The testing will be conducted in an existing pipe loop in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s facility that is being modified to accommodate the testing of instruments over a range of simulated waste properties and flow conditions. The testing phases, test matrix and types of simulants needed and the range of testing conditions required to evaluate the instruments are described
NLO evolution of 3-quark Wilson loop operator
I. Balitsky; A. V. Grabovsky
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that high-energy scattering of a meson from some hadronic target can be described by the interaction of that target with a color dipole formed by two Wilson lines corresponding to fast quark-antiquark pair. Moreover, the energy dependence of the scattering amplitude is governed by the evolution equation of this color dipole with respect to rapidity. Similarly, the energy dependence of scattering of a baryon can be described in terms of evolution of a three-Wilson-lines operator with respect to the rapidity of the Wilson lines. We calculate the evolution of the 3-quark Wilson loop operator in the next-to-leading order (NLO) and present a quasi-conformal evolution equation for a composite 3-Wilson-lines operator. We also obtain the linearized version of that evolution equation describing the amplitude of the odderon exchange at high energies.
Renormalization of a two-loop neutrino mass model
Babu, K. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Julio, J. [Fisika LIPI, Kompleks Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang 15310, Indonesia and Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova Cesta 39, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the renormalization group structure of a radiative neutrino mass model consisting of a singly charged and a doubly charged scalar fields. Small Majorana neutrino masses are generated by the exchange of these scalars via two-loop diagrams. We derive boundedness conditions for the Higgs potential and show how they can be satisfied to energies up to the Planck scale. Combining boundedness and perturbativity constraints with neutrino oscillation phenomenology, new limits on the masses and couplings of the charged scalars are derived. These in turn lead to lower limits on the branching ratios for certain lepton flavor violating (LFV) processes such as ??e?, ??3e and ? – e conversion in nuclei. Improved LFV measurements could test the model, especially in the case of inverted neutrino mass hierarchy where these are more prominent.
Loop quantum cosmology and the fate of cosmological singularities
Singh, Parampreet
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Singularities in general relativity such as the big bang and big crunch, and exotic singularities such as the big rip are the boundaries of the classical spacetimes. These events are marked by a divergence in the curvature invariants and the breakdown of the geodesic evolution. Recent progress on implementing techniques of loop quantum gravity to cosmological models reveals that such singularities may be generically resolved because of the quantum gravitational effects. Due to the quantum geometry, which replaces the classical differential geometry at the Planck scale, the big bang is replaced by a big bounce without any assumptions on the matter content or any fine tuning. In this manuscript, we discuss some of the main features of this approach and the results on the generic resolution of singularities for the isotropic as well as anisotropic models. Using effective spacetime description of the quantum theory, we show the way quantum gravitational effects lead to the universal bounds on the energy density, ...
Bimetallic Fe-Ni Oxygen Carriers for Chemical Looping Combustion
Bhavsar, Saurabh; Veser, Goetz
2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
The relative abundance, low cost, and low toxicity of iron make Fe-based oxygen carriers of great interest for chemical looping combustion (CLC), an emerging technology for clean and efficient combustion of fossil and renewable fuels. However, Fe also shows much lower reactivity than other metals (such as Ni and Cu). Here, we demonstrate strong improvement of Fe-based carriers by alloying the metal phase with Ni. Through a combination of carrier synthesis and characterization with thermogravimetric and fixed-bed reactor studies, we demonstrate that the addition of Ni results in a significant enhancement in activity as well as an increase in selectivity for total oxidation. Furthermore, comparing alumina and ceria as support materials highlights the fact that reducible supports can result in a strong increase in oxygen carrier utilization.
NLO evolution of 3-quark Wilson loop operator
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Balitsky, I.; Grabovsky, A. V.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that high-energy scattering of a meson from some hadronic target can be described by the interaction of that target with a color dipole formed by two Wilson lines corresponding to fast quark-antiquark pair. Moreover, the energy dependence of the scattering amplitude is governed by the evolution equation of this color dipole with respect to rapidity. Similarly, the energy dependence of scattering of a baryon can be described in terms of evolution of a three-Wilson-lines operator with respect to the rapidity of the Wilson lines. We calculate the evolution of the 3-quark Wilson loop operator in themore »next-to-leading order (NLO) and present a quasi-conformal evolution equation for a composite 3-Wilson-lines operator. We also obtain the linearized version of that evolution equation describing the amplitude of the odderon exchange at high energies.« less
NLO evolution of 3-quark Wilson loop operator
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Balitsky, Ian [ODU, JLAB; Grabovsky, A V [Novosibirsk
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that high-energy scattering of a meson from some hadronic target can be described by the interaction of that target with a color dipole formed by two Wilson lines corresponding to fast quark-antiquark pair. Moreover, the energy dependence of the scattering amplitude is governed by the evolution equation of this color dipole with respect to rapidity. Similarly, the energy dependence of scattering of a baryon can be described in terms of evolution of a three-Wilson-lines operator with respect to the rapidity of the Wilson lines. We calculate the evolution of the 3-quark Wilson loop operator in the next-to-leading order (NLO) and present a quasi-conformal evolution equation for a composite 3-Wilson-lines operator. We also obtain the linearized version of that evolution equation describing the amplitude of the odderon exchange at high energies.
Path Integral and Effective Hamiltonian in Loop Quantum Cosmology
Haiyun Huang; Yongge Ma; Li Qin
2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
We study the path integral formulation of Friedmann universe filled with a massless scalar field in loop quantum cosmology. All the isotropic models of $k=0,+1,-1$ are considered. To construct the path integrals in the timeless framework, a multiple group-averaging approach is proposed. Meanwhile, since the transition amplitude in the deparameterized framework can be expressed in terms of group-averaging, the path integrals can be formulated for both deparameterized and timeless frameworks. Their relation is clarified. It turns out that the effective Hamiltonian derived from the path integral in deparameterized framework is equivalent to the effective Hamiltonian constraint derived from the path integral in timeless framework, since they lead to same equations of motion. Moreover, the effective Hamiltonian constraints of above models derived in canonical theory are confirmed by the path integral formulation.
Laser Safety Method For Duplex Open Loop Parallel Optical Link
Baumgartner, Steven John (Zumbro Falls, MN); Hedin, Daniel Scott (Rochester, MN); Paschal, Matthew James (Rochester, MN)
2003-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus are provided to ensure that laser optical power does not exceed a "safe" level in an open loop parallel optical link in the event that a fiber optic ribbon cable is broken or otherwise severed. A duplex parallel optical link includes a transmitter and receiver pair and a fiber optic ribbon that includes a designated number of channels that cannot be split. The duplex transceiver includes a corresponding transmitter and receiver that are physically attached to each other and cannot be detached therefrom, so as to ensure safe, laser optical power in the event that the fiber optic ribbon cable is broken or severed. Safe optical power is ensured by redundant current and voltage safety checks.
Superbounce and Loop Quantum Cosmology Ekpyrosis from Modified Gravity
V. K. Oikonomou
2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
As is known, in modified cosmological theories of gravity many of the cosmologies which could not be generated by standard Einstein gravity, can be consistently described by $F(R)$ theories. Using known reconstruction techniques, we investigate which $F(R)$ theories can lead to a Hubble parameter describing two types of cosmological bounces, the superbounce model, related to supergravity and non-supersymmetric models of contracting ekpyrosis and also the Loop Quantum Cosmology modified ekpyrotic model. Since our method is an approximate method, we investigate the problem at large and small curvatures. As we evince, both models yield power law reconstructed $F(R)$ gravities, with the most interesting new feature being that both lead to accelerating cosmologies, in the large curvature approximation. The mathematical properties of the some Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes $M$, that describe superbounce-like cosmologies are also pointed out, with regards to the group of curvature collineations $CC(M)$.
Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission
Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determined from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.
Dynamics of interacting dark energy model in Einstein and Loop Quantum Cosmology
Songbai Chen; Bin Wang; Jiliang Jing
2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the background dynamics when dark energy is coupled to dark matter in the universe described by Einstein cosmology and Loop Quantum Cosmology. We introduce a new general form of dark sector coupling, which presents us a more complicated dynamical phase space. Differences in the phase space in obtaining the accelerated scaling attractor in Einstein cosmology and Loop Quantum Cosmology are disclosed.
Finite Temperature and Density Effect on Symmetry Breaking by Wilson Loops
Kiyoshi Shiraishi
2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
A finite temperature and density effect of Wilson loop elements on non-simply connected space is investigated in the model suggested by Hosotani. Using one-loop calculations it is shown that the value of an "order parameter" does not shift as the temperature grows. We find that finite density effect is of much importance for restoration of symmetry.
Closed-Loop Neural Control of Cursor Motion using a Kalman Filter
Black, Michael J.
Closed-Loop Neural Control of Cursor Motion using a Kalman Filter W. Wu A. Shaikhouni J. P, Providence, RI, USA Abstract-- Recently, we proposed a Kalman filter method to model the probabilistic-line, closed-loop, neural control of cursor motion using the Kalman filter. In this task a monkey moves
Boyer, Edmond
Relativistic calculation of the pion loop correlation energy in nuclear matter in a theory of nuclear matter which contains the correlation energy. Pion loops are incorporated on top of a relativistic for the correlation energy is the Landau-Migdal parameter g governing the short-range part of the spin- isospin
AUTOMATIC LOOP-SHAPING OF QFT CONTROLLERS VIA LINEAR PROGRAMMING1
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
AUTOMATIC LOOP-SHAPING OF QFT CONTROLLERS VIA LINEAR PROGRAMMING1 Yossi Chait2 Qian Chen3 and C-time QFT users, there is a genuine need for an automatic loop-shaping tool to generate a first-cut solution. Clearly, such an automatic process must involve some sort of optimization, and, while recent results
Discrete-Time, Cyclostationary Phase-Locked Loop Model for Jitter Analysis
Nikolic, Borivoje
Discrete-Time, Cyclostationary Phase-Locked Loop Model for Jitter Analysis Socrates D. Vamvakos Sciences, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Abstract Â Timing jitter is one of the most significant phase- locked loop to develop the tools necessary to study and predict PLL jitter performance at design time. In this paper
PROPERTIES OF THE ACCELERATION REGIONS IN SEVERAL LOOP-STRUCTURED SOLAR FLARES
Piana, Michele
PROPERTIES OF THE ACCELERATION REGIONS IN SEVERAL LOOP-STRUCTURED SOLAR FLARES Jingnan Guo1 , A-energy electrons accelerated in solar flares is the hard X-ray bremsstrahlung that they produce as they propagate et al. (2008) analyzed a set of extended coronal flare loops located near the solar limb, and were
Chronopoulos, Anthony T.
runs within this network of computing resources to allow for inter-process communication between the various resources by use of Message Passing Interface (MPI). Scientific applications usually consist of large loops (re- peated execution of a set of statements) inside them. These loops are one
Free energy for parameterized Polyakov loops in SU(2) and SU(3) lattice gauge theory
Rossak, Wilhelm R.
Free energy for parameterized Polyakov loops in SU(2) and SU(3) lattice gauge theory [arXiv:1205 by analyzing the free energy of static quarks in pure SU(2) and SU(3) lattice gauge theory. The Polyakov loop P is introduced as a parameterized source for the quarks. Calculation of the free energy F as a function
Experiments on snap buckling, hysteresis and loop formation in twisted rods
van der Heijden, Gert
that a compressed rod can buckle in any lateral direction. It is also well-known that if a bending moment is appliedExperiments on snap buckling, hysteresis and loop formation in twisted rods V.G.A. Goss , G phenomena such as snap buckling, the formation of loops, and buckling into and out of planar configurations
Experiments on Snap Buckling, Hysteresis and Loop Formation in Twisted Rods
Neukirch, Sébastien
rod can buckle in any lateral direction. It is also well known that if a bending moment is appliedExperiments on Snap Buckling, Hysteresis and Loop Formation in Twisted Rods by V.G.A. Goss, G. In this way, commonly encountered phenomena are investigated, such as snap buckling, the formation of loops
SIMULATION AND VALIDATION OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE AND WATER-LOOP HEAT PUMP
SIMULATION AND VALIDATION OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE AND WATER-LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS By JASON EARL AND VALIDATION OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE AND WATER-LOOP HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS Thesis Approved: Dr. Jeffrey D. Spitler, and for introducing me to the geothermal industry. I would also like to thank Linda Davis for all she did in helping
Using Loop Length Variants to Dissect the Folding Pathway of a Four-helix-bundle Protein
Mochrie, Simon
. These observations show that loop alteration may be useful as a general tech- nique for dissecting protein folding pathways. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: protein folding; kinetics; Rop; loops; four-helix-bundle*Corresponding author Introduction A frequently debated question in the ®eld of protein folding is the importance
Kinetics of Loop Formation and Breakage in the Denatured State of Iso-1-cytochrome c
Roder, Heinrich
Kinetics of Loop Formation and Breakage in the Denatured State of Iso-1-cytochrome c Eydiejo to measure the rates of histidineheme loop formation and breakage in the denatured state of iso-1-cytochrome single surface histidine variants of iso-1-cytochrome c. A scaling factor (the dependence of kf on log
Loop induced interference effects in Higgs Boson plus two jet production at the LHC.
Andersen, Jeppe R.; Binoth, T.; Heinrich, G.; Smillie, Jennifer M.
We calculate the order O(?2?3 s) interference effect between the gluon fusion and weak boson fusion processes allowed at the one-loop level in Higgs boson plus 2 jet production at the LHC. The corresponding one-loop amplitudes, which have...
Loop Current warming by Hurricane Wilma L.-Y. Oey,1
Ezer, Tal
/16$26/2005) is the most powerful At- lantic hurricane on record. The storm's minimum surface pressure. On the other hand, less is known about the effects of a hurricane on the powerful Loop Current, where strong] for a review of the Loop Current and general circulation in the Gulf of Mexico). 2. Methodology [4] To analyze
Wang, Jiandong
Quantification of Valve Stiction for Control Loop Performance Assessment Guohua Wang and liandong, Beijing, P. R. China (*Email: jiandong@pku.edu.cn) Abstract - Control valves are extensively used in the process industry and valve stiction limits the performance of control loops. This study aims
Scaling of hybrid-electric vehicle powertrain components for Hardware-in-the-loop simulation
Brennan, Sean
Scaling of hybrid-electric vehicle powertrain components for Hardware-in-the-loop simulation: Hardware-in-the-loop Hybrid electric vehicle Buckingham Pi Theorem Battery model a b s t r a c t Hardware to correctly scale electric vehicle components, particularly the following subsystems: electric motor
On the Location of Energy Release and Temperature Pro les along Coronal Loops
Mackay, Duncan
temperature and the temperature distribution along the loop. In each case the ratio between the heat deposited and radiation provides a scaling for the summit temperature. Keywords: methods: Numerical - MHD - sun: corona;les of the energy release are then used to in- vestigate the temperature distribution along a loop.
McDonald, Kirk
Liquid Lead-Bismuth Materials Test Loop Valentina Tcharnotskaia, Curtt Ammerman, Timothy Darling 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 Abstract We designed and built the Liquid Lead-Bismuth Materials Test Loop (MTL) to study the materials behavior in a flow of molten lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE). In this paper we
The Susceptibility of Materials in Spallation Neutron Source Target and Blanket Cooling Loops efforts and current progress in evaluating the susceptibility of materials in accelerator target / blanket cooling loops to corrosion. To simulate the environment that materials may be exposed to in a target
Loop Current Response to Hurricanes Isidore and Lili LYNN K. SHAY
Miami, University of
Loop Current Response to Hurricanes Isidore and Lili LYNN K. SHAY Division of Meteorology, Florida ERIC W. UHLHORN Hurricane Research Division, NOAA/Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Recent hurricane activity over the Gulf of Mexico basin has underscored the importance of the Loop
APPLICATION OF GENEALOGICAL DECISION TREES FOR OPEN-LOOP TRACKING CONTROL
Del Moral , Pierre
APPLICATION OF GENEALOGICAL DECISION TREES FOR OPEN-LOOP TRACKING CONTROL Enso Ikonen !,1 Kaddour on a genealogical decision tree is suggested for solving an open-loop tracking problem. The algorithm associates supported by UK EPSRC Research cluster project, grant nro GR/S63779/01 Genealogical decision trees belong
Asymptotic scaling corrections in QCD with Wilson fermions from the 3-loop average plaquette
B. Alles; A. Feo; H. Panagopoulos
1998-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the 3-loop perturbative expansion of the average plaquette in lattice QCD with N_f massive Wilson fermions and gauge group SU(N). The corrections to asymptotic scaling in the corresponding energy scheme are also evaluated. We have also improved the accuracy of the already known pure gluonic results at 2 and 3 loops.
Process/Equipment Co-Simulation on Syngas Chemical Looping Process
Zeng, Liang; Zhou, Qiang; Fan, Liang-Shih
2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The chemical looping strategy for fossil energy applications promises to achieve an efficient energy conversion system for electricity, liquid fuels, hydrogen and/or chemicals generation, while economically separate CO{sub 2} by looping reaction design in the process. Chemical looping particle performance, looping reactor engineering, and process design and applications are the key drivers to the success of chemical looping process development. In order to better understand and further scale up the chemical looping process, issues such as cost, time, measurement, safety, and other uncertainties need to be examined. To address these uncertainties, advanced reaction/reactor modeling and process simulation are highly desired and the modeling efforts can accelerate the chemical looping technology development, reduce the pilot-scale facility design time and operating campaigns, as well as reduce the cost and technical risks. The purpose of this work is thus to conduct multiscale modeling and simulations on the key aspects of chemical looping technology, including particle reaction kinetics, reactor design and operation, and process synthesis and optimization.
2102, Page 1 Experimental Investigation of Closed Loop Oscillating Heat Pipe as the
Ghajar, Afshin J.
2102, Page 1 Experimental Investigation of Closed Loop Oscillating Heat Pipe as the Condenser The aim of this article is to experimentally investigate the application of a closed loop oscillating heat pipe (CLOHP) as the condenser for a vapor compression refrigeration system. Split type air conditioner
Roadmap to Realistic Modeling of Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes Sameer Khandekar
Khandekar, Sameer
Roadmap to Realistic Modeling of Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes Sameer Khandekar§ and Manfred modeling of pulsating heat pipes through `first' principles is a contemporary problem which remains quite is presented which is based on the fact that at high enough heat flux level, Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes
Operational limit of closed loop pulsating heat pipes Honghai Yang a,*, S. Khandekar b
Khandekar, Sameer
Operational limit of closed loop pulsating heat pipes Honghai Yang a,*, S. Khandekar b , M. Groll c an experimental study on the operational limitation of closed loop pulsating heat pipes (CLPHPs), which consist pipes; Performance limit; Dry-out 1. Introduction Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) or oscillating heat pipes
Closed loop pulsating heat pipes Part B: visualization and semi-empirical modeling
Khandekar, Sameer
Closed loop pulsating heat pipes Part B: visualization and semi-empirical modeling Sameer Khandekar May 2003 Abstract Pulsating heat pipes have received growing attention from experimental performance results of a fairly large matrix of closed loop pulsating heat pipes. This paper, which
Modeling solar coronal bright point oscillations with multiple nanoflare heated loops
Chandrashekhar, K
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Intensity oscillations of coronal bright points (BPs) have been studied for past several years. It has been known for a while that these BPs are closed magnetic loop like structures. However, initiation of such intensity oscillations is still an enigma. There have been many suggestions to explain these oscillations, but modeling of such BPs have not been explored so far. Using a multithreaded nanoflare heated loop model we study the behavior of such BPs in this work. We compute typical loop lengths of BPs using potential field line extrapolation of available data (Chandrashekhar et al. 2013), and set this as the length of our simulated loops. We produce intensity like observables through forward modeling and analyze the intensity time series using wavelet analysis, as was done by previous observers. The result reveals similar intensity oscillation periods reported in past observations. It is suggested these oscillations are actually shock wave propagations along the loop. We also show that if one considers di...
Thermal Response of the Hybrid Loop-Pool Design for Sodium Cooled Faster Reactors
Zhang, Hongbin; Zhao, Haihua; Davis, Cliff
2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
An innovative hybrid loop-pool design for the sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) has been recently proposed with the primary objective of achieving cost reduction and safety enhancement. With the hybrid loop-pool design, closed primary loops are immersed in a secondary buffer tank. This design takes advantage of features from conventional both pool and loop designs to further improve economics and safety. This paper will briefly introduce the hybrid loop-pool design concept and present the calculated thermal responses for unproctected (without reactor scram) loss of forced circulation (ULOF) transients using RELAP5-3D. The analyses examine both the inherent reactivity shutdown capability and decay heat removal performance by passive safety systems.
Thermal and non-thermal emission from reconnecting twisted coronal loops
Pinto, R; Browning, P K; Vilmer, N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Twisted magnetic fields should be ubiquitous in the solar corona. The magnetic energy contained in such twisted fields can be released during solar flares and other explosive phenomena. Reconnection in helical magnetic coronal loops results in plasma heating and particle acceleration distributed within a large volume, including the lower coronal and chromospheric sections of the loops, and can be a viable alternative to the standard flare model, where particles are accelerated only in a small volume located in the upper corona. The goal of this study is to investigate the observational signatures of plasma heating and particle acceleration in kink-unstable twisted coronal loops using combination of MHD simulations and test-particle methods. The simulations describe the development of kink instability and magnetic reconnection in twisted coronal loops using resistive compressible MHD, and incorporate atmospheric stratification and large-scale loop curvature. The resulting distributions of hot plasma let us est...
Unresolved fine-scale structure in solar coronal loop-tops
Scullion, E.; Van der Voort, L. Rouppe; Wedemeyer, S. [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029, Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway); Antolin, P., E-mail: scullie@tcd.ie [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
New and advanced space-based observing facilities continue to lower the resolution limit and detect solar coronal loops in greater detail. We continue to discover even finer substructures within coronal loop cross-sections, in order to understand the nature of the solar corona. Here, we push this lower limit further to search for the finest coronal loop substructures, through taking advantage of the resolving power of the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope/CRisp Imaging Spectro-Polarimeter (CRISP), together with co-observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Image Assembly (AIA). High-resolution imaging of the chromospheric H? 656.28 nm spectral line core and wings can, under certain circumstances, allow one to deduce the topology of the local magnetic environment of the solar atmosphere where its observed. Here, we study post-flare coronal loops, which become filled with evaporated chromosphere that rapidly condenses into chromospheric clumps of plasma (detectable in H?) known as a coronal rain, to investigate their fine-scale structure. We identify, through analysis of three data sets, large-scale catastrophic cooling in coronal loop-tops and the existence of multi-thermal, multi-stranded substructures. Many cool strands even extend fully intact from loop-top to footpoint. We discover that coronal loop fine-scale strands can appear bunched with as many as eight parallel strands within an AIA coronal loop cross-section. The strand number density versus cross-sectional width distribution, as detected by CRISP within AIA-defined coronal loops, most likely peaks at well below 100 km, and currently, 69% of the substructure strands are statistically unresolved in AIA coronal loops.
DEEPER BY THE DOZEN: UNDERSTANDING THE CROSS-FIELD TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS OF CORONAL LOOPS
Schmelz, J. T.; Pathak, S.; Jenkins, B. S.; Worley, B. T., E-mail: jschmelz@memphis.edu [Physics Department, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152 (United States)
2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
Spectroscopic analysis of coronal loops has revealed a variety of cross-field temperature distributions. Some loops appear to be isothermal while others require multithermal plasma. The EUV Imaging Spectrometer on Hinode has the spatial resolution and temperature coverage required for differential emission measure (DEM) analysis of coronal loops. Our results also use data from the X-Ray Telescope on Hinode as a high-temperature constraint. Of our 12 loops, two were post-flare loops with broad temperature distributions, two were narrow but not quite isothermal, and the remaining eight were in the mid range. We consider our DEM methods to be a significant advance over previous work, and it is also reassuring to learn that our findings are consistent with results available in the literature. For the quiescent loops analyzed here, 10 MK plasma, a signature of nanoflares, appears to be absent at a level of approximately two orders of magnitude down from the DEM peak. We find some evidence that warmer loops require broader DEMs. The cross-field temperatures obtained here cannot be modeled as single flux tubes. Rather, the observed loop must be composed of several or many unresolved strands. The plasma contained in each of these strands could be cooling at different rates, contributing to the multithermal nature of the observed loop pixels. An important implication of our DEM results involves observations from future instruments. Once solar telescopes can truly resolve X-ray and EUV coronal structures, these images would have to reveal the loop substructure implied by our multithermal results.
Optimization of the GB/SA Solvation Model for Predicting the Structure of Surface Loops in Proteins
Meirovitch, Hagai
to the training group as well as to a "test" group of seven loops, and the energy gaps and the corresponding RMSD parameter, (programmed in the TINKER package) are reoptimized for a "training" group of nine loops
Ozcan, Dursun Can
2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
The first detailed systematic investigation of a cement plant with various carbon capture technologies has been performed. The calcium looping (Ca-looping) process has emerged as a leading option for this purpose, since ...
An Apparent Relation between ELM Occurrence Times and the Prior Phase Evolution of Divertor Flux Loop Measurements in JET
Page 1 of 31 Why does the Loop Current tend to shed more eddies in summer and winter?1
Page 1 of 31 Why does the Loop Current tend to shed more eddies in summer and winter?1 Y.-L. Chang seasonal preferences of Loop Current eddy shedding, more in summer and5 winter and less in fall and spring in virtually any21 month of the year. That the Loop Current can intrude into the Gulf and eddies can separate
Effects of winds and Caribbean eddies on the frequency of Loop Current eddy shedding: A numerical of Mexico, Caribbean Current, Loop Current, eddy shedding, winds and eddies, numerical ocean model Citation of Loop Current eddy shedding: A numerical model study, J. Geophys. Res., 108(C10), 3324, doi:10
DETECTING NANOFLARE HEATING EVENTS IN SUBARCSECOND INTER-MOSS LOOPS USING Hi-C
Winebarger, Amy R.; Moore, Ronald; Cirtain, Jonathan [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Walsh, Robert W. [University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); De Pontieu, Bart; Title, Alan [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover St., Org. A0215, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Hansteen, Viggo [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Weber, Mark [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kobayashi, Ken [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Dr, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); DeForest, Craig [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Kuzin, Sergey, E-mail: amy.r.winebarger@nasa.gov [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt 53 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) flew aboard a NASA sounding rocket on 2012 July 11 and captured roughly 345 s of high-spatial and temporal resolution images of the solar corona in a narrowband 193 A channel. In this paper, we analyze a set of rapidly evolving loops that appear in an inter-moss region. We select six loops that both appear in and fade out of the Hi-C images during the short flight. From the Hi-C data, we determine the size and lifetimes of the loops and characterize whether these loops appear simultaneously along their length or first appear at one footpoint before appearing at the other. Using co-aligned, co-temporal data from multiple channels of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we determine the temperature and density of the loops. We find the loops consist of cool ({approx}10{sup 5} K), dense ({approx}10{sup 10} cm{sup -3}) plasma. Their required thermal energy and their observed evolution suggest they result from impulsive heating similar in magnitude to nanoflares. Comparisons with advanced numerical simulations indicate that such dense, cold and short-lived loops are a natural consequence of impulsive magnetic energy release by reconnection of braided magnetic field at low heights in the solar atmosphere.
McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Bell, Jason R [ORNL; Felde, David K [ORNL; Joseph III, Robert Anthony [ORNL; Qualls, A L [ORNL; Weaver, Samuel P [ORNL
2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
ORNL and subcontractor Cool Energy completed an investigation of higher-temperature, organic thermal fluids for solar thermal applications. Although static thermal tests showed promising results for 1-phenylnaphthalene, loop testing at temperatures to 450 C showed that the material isomerized at a slow rate. In a loop with a temperature high enough to drive the isomerization, the higher melting point byproducts tended to condense onto cooler surfaces. So, as experienced in loop operation, eventually the internal channels of cooler components such as the waste heat rejection exchanger may become coated or clogged and loop performance will decrease. Thus, pure 1-phenylnaphthalene does not appear to be a fluid that would have a sufficiently long lifetime (years to decades) to be used in a loop at the increased temperatures of interest. Hence a decision was made not to test the ORNL fluid in the loop at Cool Energy Inc. Instead, Cool Energy tested and modeled power conversion from a moderate-temperature solar loop using coupled Stirling engines. Cool Energy analyzed data collected on third and fourth generation SolarHeart Stirling engines operating on a rooftop solar field with a lower temperature (Marlotherm) heat transfer fluid. The operating efficiencies of the Stirling engines were determined at multiple, typical solar conditions, based on data from actual cycle operation. Results highlighted the advantages of inherent thermal energy storage in the power conversion system.
More on loops in reheating: non-gaussianities and tensor power spectrum
Katirci, Nihan; Kaya, Ali; Tarman, Merve, E-mail: nihan.katirci@boun.edu.tr, E-mail: ali.kaya@boun.edu.tr, E-mail: merve.tarman@boun.edu.tr [Bo g-tilde aziçi University, Department of Physics, Bebek, ?stanbul, 34342 Turkey (Turkey)
2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the single field chaotic m{sup 2}?{sup 2} inflationary model with a period of preheating, where the inflaton decays to another scalar field ? in the parametric resonance regime. In a recent work, one of us has shown that the ? modes circulating in the loops during preheating notably modify the (??) correlation function. We first rederive this result using a different gauge condition hence reconfirm that superhorizon ? modes are affected by the loops in preheating. Further, we examine how ? loops give rise to non-gaussianity and affect the tensor perturbations. For that, all cubic and some higher order interactions involving two ? fields are determined and their contribution to the non-gaussianity parameter f{sub NL} and the tensor power spectrum are calculated at one loop. Our estimates for these corrections show that while a large amount of non-gaussianity can be produced during reheating, the tensor power spectrum receive moderate corrections. We observe that the loop quantum effects increase with more ? fields circulating in the loops indicating that the perturbation theory might be broken down. These findings demonstrate that the loop corrections during reheating are significant and they must be taken into account for precision inflationary cosmology.
Asgari-Targhi, M.; Van Ballegooijen, A. A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street MS-15, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
It has been suggested that the solar corona may be heated by dissipation of Alfven waves that propagate up from the solar photosphere. According to this theory, counterpropagating Alfven waves are subject to nonlinear interactions that lead to turbulent decay of the waves and heating of the chromospheric and coronal plasma. To test this theory, better models for the dynamics of Alfven waves in coronal loops are required. In this paper, we consider wave heating in an active region observed with the Solar Dynamics Observatory in 2010 May. First a three-dimensional (3D) magnetic model of the region is constructed, and ten magnetic field lines that match observed coronal loops are selected. For each loop we construct a 3D magnetohydrodynamic model of the Alfven waves near the selected field line. The waves are assumed to be generated by footpoint motions inside the kilogauss magnetic flux elements at the two ends of the loop. Based on such models, we predict the spatial and temporal profiles of the heating along the selected loops. We also estimate the temperature fluctuations resulting from such heating. We find that the Alfven wave turbulence model can reproduce the observed characteristics of the hotter loops in the active region core, but the loops at the periphery of the region have large expansion factors and are predicted to be thermally unstable.
ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF TWO FLARE LOOPS OBSERVED BY AIA AND EIS
Li, Y.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Qiu, J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)
2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze and model an M1.0 flare observed by SDO/AIA and Hinode/EIS to investigate how flare loops are heated and evolve subsequently. The flare is composed of two distinctive loop systems observed in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) images. The UV 1600 A emission at the feet of these loops exhibits a rapid rise, followed by enhanced emission in different EUV channels observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). Such behavior is indicative of impulsive energy deposit and the subsequent response in overlying coronal loops that evolve through different temperatures. Using the method we recently developed, we infer empirical heating functions from the rapid rise of the UV light curves for the two loop systems, respectively, treating them as two big loops with cross-sectional area of 5'' by 5'', and compute the plasma evolution in the loops using the EBTEL model. We compute the synthetic EUV light curves, which, with the limitation of the model, reasonably agree with observed light curves obtained in multiple AIA channels and EIS lines: they show the same evolution trend and their magnitudes are comparable by within a factor of two. Furthermore, we also compare the computed mean enthalpy flow velocity with the Doppler shift measurements by EIS during the decay phase of the two loops. Our results suggest that the two different loops with different heating functions as inferred from their footpoint UV emission, combined with their different lengths as measured from imaging observations, give rise to different coronal plasma evolution patterns captured both in the model and in observations.
Study of Two-Loop Neutrino Mass Generation Models
Geng, Chao-Qiang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the models with the Majorana neutrino masses generated radiatively by two-loop diagrams due to the Yukawa $\\rho \\bar \\ell_R^c \\ell_R$ and effective $\\rho^{\\pm\\pm} W^\\mp W^\\mp$ couplings along with a scalar triplet $\\Delta$, where $\\rho$ is a doubly charged singlet scalar, $\\ell_R$ the charged lepton and $W$ the charged gauge boson. A generic feature in these types of models is that the neutrino mass spectrum has to be a normal hierarchy. Furthermore, by using the neutrino oscillation data and comparing with the global fitting result in the literature, we find a unique neutrino mass matrix and predict the Dirac and two Majorana CP phases to be $1.40\\pi$, $1.11\\pi$ and $1.47\\pi$, respectively. We also discuss the model parameters constrained by the lepton flavor violating processes and electroweak oblique parameters. In addition, we show that the rate of the neutrinoless double beta decay $(0\
Holographic Wilson loops, Hamilton-Jacobi equation and regularizations
Pontello, Diego
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The minimal area for surfaces whose border are rectangular and circular loops are calculated using the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equation. This amounts to solve the HJ equation for the value of the minimal area, without calculating the shape of the corresponding surface. This is done for bulk geometries that are asymptotically AdS. For the rectangular countour, the HJ equation, which is separable, can be solved exactly. For the circular countour an expansion in powers of the radius is implemented. The HJ approach naturally leads to a regularization which consists in locating the countour away from the border. The results are compared with other regularization which leaves the countour at the border and calculates the area of the corresponding minimal surface up to a diameter smaller than the one of the countour at the border. The results do not coincide, this is traced back to the fact that in the former case the area of a minimal surface is calculated and in the second the computed area corresponds to a fraction ...
Holographic Wilson loops, Hamilton-Jacobi equation and regularizations
Diego Pontello; Roberto Trinchero
2015-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
The minimal area for surfaces whose border are rectangular and circular loops are calculated using the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equation. This amounts to solve the HJ equation for the value of the minimal area, without calculating the shape of the corresponding surface. This is done for bulk geometries that are asymptotically AdS. For the rectangular countour, the HJ equation, which is separable, can be solved exactly. For the circular countour an expansion in powers of the radius is implemented. The HJ approach naturally leads to a regularization which consists in locating the countour away from the border. The results are compared with other regularization which leaves the countour at the border and calculates the area of the corresponding minimal surface up to a diameter smaller than the one of the countour at the border. The results do not coincide, this is traced back to the fact that in the former case the area of a minimal surface is calculated and in the second the computed area corresponds to a fraction of a different minimal surface whose countour lies at the boundary.
Loop quantum cosmology and the fate of cosmological singularities
Parampreet Singh
2015-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Singularities in general relativity such as the big bang and big crunch, and exotic singularities such as the big rip are the boundaries of the classical spacetimes. These events are marked by a divergence in the curvature invariants and the breakdown of the geodesic evolution. Recent progress on implementing techniques of loop quantum gravity to cosmological models reveals that such singularities may be generically resolved because of the quantum gravitational effects. Due to the quantum geometry, which replaces the classical differential geometry at the Planck scale, the big bang is replaced by a big bounce without any assumptions on the matter content or any fine tuning. In this manuscript, we discuss some of the main features of this approach and the results on the generic resolution of singularities for the isotropic as well as anisotropic models. Using effective spacetime description of the quantum theory, we show the way quantum gravitational effects lead to the universal bounds on the energy density, the Hubble rate and the anisotropic shear. We discuss the geodesic completeness in the effective spacetime and the resolution of all of the strong singularities. It turns out that despite the bounds on energy density and the Hubble rate, there can be divergences in the curvature invariants. However such events are geodesically extendible, with tidal forces not strong enough to cause inevitable destruction of the in-falling objects.
EVIDENCE OF IMPULSIVE HEATING IN ACTIVE REGION CORE LOOPS
Tripathi, Durgesh; Mason, Helen E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Klimchuk, James A., E-mail: d.tripathi@damtp.cam.ac.u [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using a full spectral scan of an active region from the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) we have obtained emission measure EM(T) distributions in two different moss regions within the same active region. We have compared these with theoretical transition region EMs derived for three limiting cases, namely, static equilibrium, strong condensation, and strong evaporation from Klimchuk et al. The EM distributions in both the moss regions are strikingly similar and show a monotonically increasing trend from log T[K] = 5.15-6.3. Using photospheric abundances, we obtain a consistent EM distribution for all ions. Comparing the observed and theoretical EM distributions, we find that the observed EM distribution is best explained by the strong condensation case (EM{sub con}), suggesting that a downward enthalpy flux plays an important and possibly dominant role in powering the transition region moss emission. The downflows could be due to unresolved coronal plasma that is cooling and draining after having been impulsively heated. This supports the idea that the hot loops (with temperatures of 3-5 MK) seen in the core of active regions are heated by nanoflares.
Natural Ores as Oxygen Carriers in Chemical Looping Combustion
Tian, Hanjing; Siriwardane, Ranjani; Simonyi, Thomas; Poston, James
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a combustion technology that utilizes oxygen from oxygen carriers (OC), such as metal oxides, instead of air to combust fuels. The use of natural minerals as oxygen carriers has advantages, such as lower cost and availability. Eight materials, based on copper or iron oxides, were selected for screening tests of CLC processes using coal and methane as fuels. Thermogravimetric experiments and bench-scale fixed-bed reactor tests were conducted to investigate the oxygen transfer capacity, reaction kinetics, and stability during cyclic reduction/oxidation reaction. Most natural minerals showed lower combustion capacity than pure CuO/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} due to low-concentrations of active oxide species in minerals. In coal CLC, chryscolla (Cu-based), magnetite, and limonite (Fe-based) demonstrated better reaction performances than other materials. The addition of steam improved the coal CLC performance when using natural ores because of the steam gasification of coal and the subsequent reaction of gaseous fuels with active oxide species in the natural ores. In methane CLC, chryscolla, hematite, and limonite demonstrated excellent reactivity and stability in 50-cycle thermogravimetric analysis tests. Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based ores possess greater oxygen utilization but require an activation period before achieving full performance in methane CLC. Particle agglomeration issues associated with the application of natural ores in CLC processes were also studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
Recent progress in hard-thermal-loop QCD thermodynamics and collective excitations
Nan Su
2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
I review recent developments in QCD thermodynamics and collective excitations from the hard-thermal-loop effective theory. I begin by motivating the discussion with open questions from heavy-ion collisions. I then discuss a finite-temperature and -density calculation of QCD thermodynamics at NNLO from the hard-thermal-loop perturbation theory. Finally I discuss a recent exploration of generalizing the hard-thermal-loop framework to the (chromo)magnetic scale $g^2T$, from which a novel massless mode is uncovered.
Two Loop Renormalization of Massive (p,q) Supersymmetric Sigma Models
N. D. Lambert
1995-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the beta-functions of the general massive (p,q) supersymmetric sigma model to two loop order using (1,0) superfields. The conditions for finiteness are discussed in relation to (p,q) supersymmetry. We also calculate the effective potential using component fields to one loop order and consider the possibility of perturbative breaking of supersymmetry. The effect of one loop finite local counter terms and the ultra-violet behaviour of the off-shell (p,q) models to all orders in perturbation theory are also addressed.
Two-loop massive scalar three-point function in a dispersive approach
Vladyslav Pauk; Marc Vanderhaeghen
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
We present a dispersion relation formalism to calculate a massive scalar two-loop vertex function. Such calculation is of direct relevance in the evaluation of the hadronic light-by-light contribution to the muon's anomalous magnetic moment due to meson poles. The discontinuity of the two-loop diagram is obtained by a sum of two- and three-particle cut contributions, which involve a phase space integration over the physical intermediate states. The real part of the vertex function is subsequently reconstructed through evaluation of a dispersion integral. We explicitly demonstrate that the dispersive formalism yields exactly the same result as the direct two-loop calculation.
A study of the loop current in the eastern Gulf of Mexico
Hubertz, Jon Michael
1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the Loop Current in the Eastern Gulf' of Mexico Jon M. Hubertz, B, S. , University of Florida Directed by: Dr, W. D. Nowlin, Jr. A physical oceanographic survey was made in June 1966 using an instrument which measures salinity and temperature... as continuous functions of depth. Data was also gathered using Nansen casts, bathythermographs, and the geomagnetic electrokinetograph. The Loop Current was found to extend to 27'30'N with a smaller secondary loop at its northern tip. Average speeds in the 6...
1/2-BPS Wilson Loops and Vortices in ABJM Model
Lee, Ki-Myeong
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the low-energy dynamics of 1/2-BPS heavy particles coupled to the ABJM model via the Higgsing of M2-branes, with focus on physical understanding of the recently discovered 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators. The low-energy theory of 1/2-BPS heavy particles turns out to have the U(N|N) supergauge symmetry, which explains the novel structure of the 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operator as a holonomy of a U(N|N) superconnection. We show that the supersymmetric transformation of the Wilson loop operator can be identified as a fermionic supergauge transformation, which leads to their invariance under half of the supersymmetry. We also argue that 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators appear as 1/2-BPS vortices with vorticity 1/k. Such a vortex can be naturally interpreted as a membrane wrapping the Z_k cycle once, or type IIA fundamental string.
1/2-BPS Wilson Loops and Vortices in ABJM Model
Ki-Myeong Lee; Sungjay Lee
2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the low-energy dynamics of 1/2-BPS heavy particles coupled to the ABJM model via the Higgsing of M2-branes, with focus on physical understanding of the recently discovered 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators. The low-energy theory of 1/2-BPS heavy particles turns out to have the U(N|N) supergauge symmetry, which explains the novel structure of the 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operator as a holonomy of a U(N|N) superconnection. We show that the supersymmetric transformation of the Wilson loop operator can be identified as a fermionic supergauge transformation, which leads to their invariance under half of the supersymmetry. We also argue that 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators appear as 1/2-BPS vortices with vorticity 1/k. Such a vortex can be naturally interpreted as a membrane wrapping the Z_k cycle once, or type IIA fundamental string.
Exotic twisted equivariant cohomology of loop spaces, twisted Bismut-Chern character and T-duality
Fei Han; Varghese Mathai
2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
We define exotic twisted $S^1$-equivariant cohomology for the loop space $LZ$ of a smooth manifold $Z$ via the invariant differential forms on $LZ$ with coefficients in the (typically non-flat) holonomy line bundle of a gerbe, with differential an equivariantly flat superconnection. We introduce the twisted Bismut-Chern character form, a loop space refinement of the twisted Chern character form, which represent classes in the completed periodic exotic twisted $S^1$-equivariant cohomology of $LZ$. We establish a localisation theorem for the completed periodic exotic twisted $S^1$-equivariant cohomology for loop spaces and apply it to establish T-duality in a background flux in type II String Theory from a loop space perspective.
Loop formation in graphitic nanoribbon edges using furnace heating or Joule heating
Jia, Xiaoting
Here the authors report the use of either furnace heating or Joule heating to pacify the exposed graphene edges by loop formation in a novel graphitic nanoribbonmaterial, grown by chemical vapor deposition. The edge energy ...
Dynamics of end to end loop formation for an isolated chain in viscoelastic fluid
Rajarshi Chakrabarti
2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
We theoretically investigate the looping dynamics of a linear polymer immersed in a viscoelastic fluid. The dynamics of the chain is governed by a Rouse model with a fractional memory kernel recently proposed by Weber et al. (S. C. Weber, J. A. Theriot, and A. J. Spakowitz, Phys. Rev. E 82, 011913 (2010)). Using the Wilemski-Fixman (G. Wilemski and M. Fixman, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 866 (1974)) formalism we calculate the looping time for a chain in a viscoelastic fluid where the mean square displacement of the center of mass of the chain scales as t^(1/2). We observe that the looping time is faster for the chain in viscoelastic fluid than for a Rouse chain in Newtonian fluid up to a chain length and above this chain length the trend is reversed. Also no scaling of the looping time with the length of the chain seems to exist for the chain in viscoelastic fluid.
Approximate inference on planar graphs using loop calculus and belief progagation
Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Vicenc [RADBOUD UNIV; Kappen, Hilbert [RADBOUD UNIV
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce novel results for approximate inference on planar graphical models using the loop calculus framework. The loop calculus (Chertkov and Chernyak, 2006b) allows to express the exact partition function Z of a graphical model as a finite sum of terms that can be evaluated once the belief propagation (BP) solution is known. In general, full summation over all correction terms is intractable. We develop an algorithm for the approach presented in Chertkov et al. (2008) which represents an efficient truncation scheme on planar graphs and a new representation of the series in terms of Pfaffians of matrices. We analyze in detail both the loop series and the Pfaffian series for models with binary variables and pairwise interactions, and show that the first term of the Pfaffian series can provide very accurate approximations. The algorithm outperforms previous truncation schemes of the loop series and is competitive with other state-of-the-art methods for approximate inference.
Discrete-time, cyclostationary phase-locked loop model for jitter analysis
Vamvakos, Socrates D.
Timing jitter is one of the most significant phase-locked loop characteristics, with high impact on performance in a range of applications. It is, therefore, important to develop the tools necessary to study and predict ...
(VDL)² : a jitter measurement built-in self-test circuit for phase locked loops
Kam, Brandon Ray
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper discusses the development of a new type of BIST circuit, the (VDL)2, with the purpose of measuring jitter in IBM's phase locked loops. The (VDL)2, which stands for Variable Vernier Digital Delay Locked Line, ...
Christine Hartmann; Michael Trott
2015-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate one loop contributions to $\\Gamma(h \\rightarrow \\gamma \\, \\gamma)$ from higher dimensional operators, in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT). Some technical challenges related to determining Electroweak one loop "finite terms" are discussed and overcome. Although we restrict our attention to $\\Gamma(h \\rightarrow \\gamma \\, \\gamma)$, several developments we report have broad implications. Firstly, the running of the vacuum expectation value modifies the $\\log(\\mu)$ dependence of processes in a manner that is not captured in some past SMEFT Renormalization Group (RG) calculations. Secondly, higher dimensional operators can source ghost interactions in $R_\\xi$ gauges due to a modified gauge fixing procedure. Lastly, higher dimensional operators can contribute with pure finite terms at one loop in a manner that is not anticipated in a RG analysis. These results cast recent speculation on the nature of one loop corrections in the SMEFT in an entirely new light.
Closed-loop control of an experimental mixing layer using machine learning control
Parezanovi?, Vladimir; Cordier, Laurent; Noack, Bernd R; Delville, Joël; Bonnet, Jean-Paul; Segond, Marc; Abel, Markus; Brunton, Steven L
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel framework for closed-loop control of turbulent flows is tested in an experimental mixing layer flow. This framework, called Machine Learning Control (MLC), provides a model-free method of searching for the best function, to be used as a control law in closed-loop flow control. MLC is based on genetic programming, a function optimization method of machine learning. In this article, MLC is benchmarked against classical open-loop actuation of the mixing layer. Results show that this method is capable of producing sensor-based control laws which can rival or surpass the best open-loop forcing, and be robust to changing flow conditions. Additionally, MLC can detect non-linear mechanisms present in the controlled plant, and exploit them to find a better type of actuation than the best periodic forcing.
An Excitatory Loop with Astrocytes Contributes to Drive Neurons to Seizure Threshold
Newman, Eric A.
An Excitatory Loop with Astrocytes Contributes to Drive Neurons to Seizure Threshold Marta Go´ mez to control seizures. Citation: Go´mez-Gonzalo M, Losi G, Chiavegato A, Zonta M, Cammarota M, et al. (2010
Rothstein, Jonathan
Microfluidic device incorporating closed loop feedback control for uniform and tunable production, we have designed a microfluidic-based technology utilizing elementary microchannel geometries initial development using flow-focusing microfluidic geometry for droplet formation, computer
Rotary bed reactor for chemical-looping combustion with carbon capture
Zhao, Zhenlong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a novel and promising technology for power generation with inherent CO2 capture. Currently almost all the research has been focused on developing CLC based inter-connected fluidized bed ...
Jester-Weinstein, Jack (Jack L.)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The design process for an experimental platform measuring reaction kinetics in a chemical looping combustion (CLC) process is documented and justified. To enable an experiment designed to characterize the reaction kinetics ...
Closed-loop Real-time Control of a Novel Linear Magnetostrictive Actuator
Chen, Chien-Fan
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents the design of various closed-loop real-time control of a novel linear magnetostrictive actuator. The novel linear magnetostrictive actuator which uses Terfenol-D as the magnetostrictive material was developed by Sadighi...
Dickey, James Todd
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An experimental investigation was conducted on a relatively new and unique type of capillary pumped loop (CPL) at various power inputs and adverse tilts in order to verify the operational parameters and measure the performance limits. A...
Steelcase's Closed-Loop Energy Recovery System Results in $250,000 Savings Annually
Wege, P. M.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Steelcase Inc. put a closed-loop energy recovery system into operation in August, 1980, with the installation of a $1.1 million waste incinerator. The system provides steam for process applications in the company's main complex. Processable waste...
Shin, J; Kim, W K; Metzler, R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the dynamics of polymer chains in a bath of self-propelled particles (SPP) by extensive Langevin dynamics simulations in a two dimensional system. Specifically, we analyse the polymer looping properties versus the SPP activity and investigate how the presence of the active particles alters the chain conformational statistics. We find that SPPs tend to extend flexible polymer chains while they rather compactify stiffer semiflexible polymers, in agreement with previous results. Here we show that larger activities of SPPs yield a higher effective temperature of the bath and thus facilitate looping kinetics of a passive polymer chain. We explicitly compute the looping probability and looping time in a wide range of the model parameters. We also analyse the motion of a monomeric tracer particle and the polymer's centre of mass in the presence of the active particles in terms of the time averaged mean squared displacement, revealing a giant diffusivity enhancement for the polymer chain via SPP pooling. Our...
Testing of a loop heat pipe experimental apparatus under varied acceleration
Kurwitz, Richard Cable
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An experimental apparatus was designed and fabricated to test a Loop Heat Pipe under varied acceleration. The experiment consisted of both flight and ground testing as well as comparisons to a model developed from models ...
Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law
Ben-Yakar, Adela
Advanced Power Systems and Controls Laboratory Methodology: · Supervisory switching control based on power to modeling uncertainties and measurement noise Contribution: · Supervisory switching controllerClosed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control
Multi-Loop-Ring-Oscillator Design and Analysis for Sub-Micron CMOS
Pankratz, Erik
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
, reduced voltage headroom in submicron technologies limits the number of stacked transistors available in a delay cell. Hence, conventional single-loop oscillators offer relatively few design options to achieve desired specifications, such as supply...
Design, fabrication, and characterization of a multi-condenser loop heat pipe
Hanks, Daniel Frank
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A condenser design was characterized for a multi-condenser loop heat pipe (LHP) capable of dissipating 1000 W. The LHP was designed for integration into a high performance aircooled heat sink to address thermal management ...
Development of a compensation chamber for use in a multiple condenser loop heat pipe
Roche, Nicholas Albert
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The performance of many electronic devices is presently limited by heat dissipation rates. One potential solution lies in high-performance air-cooled heat exchangers like PHUMP, the multiple condenser loop heat pipe presented ...
Wilson loops in N=4 SYM theory: rotation in S5
A. A. Tseytlin; K. Zarembo
2002-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
We study Wilson loops in N=4 SYM theory which are non-constant in the scalar (S5) directions and open string solutions associated with them in the context of AdS/CFT correspondence. An interplay between Minkowskian and Euclidean pictures turns out to be non-trivial for time-dependent Wilson loops. We find that in the S5-rotating case there appears to be no direct open-string duals for the Minkowskian Wilson loops, and their expectation values should be obtained by analytic continuation from the Euclidean-space results. In the Euclidean case, we determine the dependence of the ``quark - anti-quark'' potential on the rotation parameter, both at weak coupling (i.e. in the 1-loop perturbative SYM theory) and at strong coupling (i.e. in the classical string theory in AdS5 x S5).
Joshi, Abhinaya; Lou, Xinsheng; Neuschaefer, Carl; Chaudry, Majid; Quinn, Joseph
2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
This document provides the results of the project through September 2009. The Phase I project has recently been extended from September 2009 to March 2011. The project extension will begin work on Chemical Looping (CL) Prototype modeling and advanced control design exploration in preparation for a scale-up phase. The results to date include: successful development of dual loop chemical looping process models and dynamic simulation software tools, development and test of several advanced control concepts and applications for Chemical Looping transport control and investigation of several sensor concepts and establishment of two feasible sensor candidates recommended for further prototype development and controls integration. There are three sections in this summary and conclusions. Section 1 presents the project scope and objectives. Section 2 highlights the detailed accomplishments by project task area. Section 3 provides conclusions to date and recommendations for future work.
Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) system customer interface document.
Gill, David Dennis; Kolb, William J.; Briggs, Ronald D.
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The National Solar Thermal Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories has a unique test capability called the Molten Salt Test Loop (MSTL) system. MSTL is a test capability that allows customers and researchers to test components in flowing, molten nitrate salt. The components tested can range from materials samples, to individual components such as flex hoses, ball joints, and valves, up to full solar collecting systems such as central receiver panels, parabolic troughs, or linear Fresnel systems. MSTL provides realistic conditions similar to a portion of a concentrating solar power facility. The facility currently uses 60/40 nitrate %E2%80%9Csolar salt%E2%80%9D and can circulate the salt at pressure up to 40 bar (600psi), temperature to 585%C2%B0C, and flow rate of 44-50kg/s(400-600GPM) depending on temperature. The purpose of this document is to provide a basis for customers to evaluate the applicability to their testing needs, and to provide an outline of expectations for conducting testing on MSTL. The document can serve as the basis for testing agreements including Work for Others (WFO) and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA). While this document provides the basis for these agreements and describes some of the requirements for testing using MSTL and on the site at Sandia, the document is not sufficient by itself as a test agreement. The document, however, does provide customers with a uniform set of information to begin the test planning process.
Lessons for Loop Quantum Gravity from Parametrised Field Theory
Thomas Thiemann
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
In a series of seminal papers, Laddha and Varadarajan have developed in depth the quantisation of Parametrised Field Theory (PFT) in the kind of discontinuous representations that are employed in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). In one spatial dimension (circle) PFT is very similar to the closed bosonic string and the constraint algebra is isomorphic to two mutually commuting Witt algebras. Its quantisation is therefore straightforward in LQG like representations which by design lead to non anomalous, unitary, albeit discontinuous representations of the spatial diffeomorphism group. In particular, the complete set of (distributional) solutions to the quantum constraints, a preferred and complete algebra of Dirac observables and the associated physical inner product has been constructed. On the other hand, the two copies of Witt algebras are classically isomorphic to the Dirac or hypersurface deformation algebra of General Relativity (although without structure functions). The question we address in this paper, also raised by Laddha and Varadarajan in their paper, is whether we can quantise the Dirac algebra in such a way that its space of distributional solutions coincides with the one just described. This potentially teaches us something about LQG where a classically equivalent formulation of the Dirac algebra in terms of spatial diffeomorphism Lie algebras is not at our disposal. We find that, in order to achieve this, the Hamiltonian constraint has to be quantised by methods that extend those previously considered. The amount of quantisation ambiguities is somewhat reduced but not eliminated. We also show that the algebra of Hamiltonian constraints closes in a precise sense, with soft anomalies, that is, anomalies that do not cause inconsistencies. We elaborate on the relevance of these findings for full LQG.
Poisoned Feedback: The Impact of Malicious Users in Closed-Loop Multiuser MIMO Systems
Mukherjee, Amitav
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter is critical for maximizing spectral efficiency on the downlink of multi-antenna networks. In this work we analyze a novel form of physical layer attacks on such closed-loop wireless networks. Specifically, this paper considers the impact of deliberately inaccurate feedback by malicious users in a multiuser multicast system. Numerical results demonstrate the significant degradation in performance of closed-loop transmission schemes due to intentional feedback of false CSI by adversarial users.
New Developments in Closed Loop Combustion Control Using Flue Gas Analysis
Nelson, R. L.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN CLOSED LOOP COMBUSTION CONTROL USING FLUE GAS ANALYSIS Robert L. Nelson Westinghouse Computer &Instrumentation Div. Orrville, Ohio Introduction New developments in closed loop combustion control are causing radical changes... the Third Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 26-29, 1981 i The Westinghouse Model 215 analyzer, shown in j Figure 8, has a very short sampling path and has be~n used on many high temperature applications befor~ a high temperature...
Application of infinite array theory to loop antennas in lossy media
Lee, Meng-Feng
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
APPLICATION OF INFINITE ARRAY THEORY TO LOOP ANTENNAS IN LOSSY MEDIA A Thesis by MENG-FENG LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering APPLICATION OF INFINITE ARRAY THEORY TO LOOP ANTENNAS IN LOSSY MEDIA A Thesis by MENG-FFNG LEE Approved as to style and content by: S. M. Wrig (Chair of Committee) R. D. Nevels (Member...
The Tetrahedron algebra, the Onsager algebra, and the $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$ loop algebra
Brian Hartwig; Paul Terwilliger
2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
Let $K$ denote a field with characteristic 0 and let $T$ denote an indeterminate. We give a presentation for the three-point loop algebra $\\mathfrak{sl}_2 \\otimes K\\lbrack T, T^{-1},(T-1)^{-1}\\rbrack$ via generators and relations. This presentation displays $S_4$-symmetry. Using this presentation we obtain a decomposition of the above loop algebra into a direct sum of three subalgebras, each of which is isomorphic to the Onsager algebra.
Finite-dimensional irreducible modules for the three-point $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$ loop algebra
Ito, Tatsuro
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently Brian Hartwig and the second author found a presentation for the three-point $sl_2$ loop algebra by generators and relations. To obtain this presentation they defined a Lie algebra $\\boxtimes$ by generators and relations, and displayed an isomorphism from $\\boxtimes$ to the three-point $sl_2$ loop algebra. In this paper we describe the finite-dimensional irreducible $\\boxtimes$-modules from multiple points of view.
Polarimetric glucose sensing utilizing a digital closed-loop control system
Cameron, Brent Duane
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
POLARIMETRIC GLUCOSE SENSING UTILIZING A DIGITAL CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL SYSTEM A Thesis by BRENT DUANE CAMERON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1996 Major Subject: Bioengineering POLARIMETRIC GLUCOSE SENSING UTILIZING A DIGITAL CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL SYSTEM A Thesis by BRENT DUANE CAMERON Submitted to Texas Atr M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate
Mittereder, N.; Poerschke, A.
2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season. Upon completion of the monitoring phase, measurements revealed that the initial TRNSYS simulated horizontal sub-slab ground loop heat exchanger fluid temperatures and heat transfer rates differed from the measured values. To determine the cause of this discrepancy, an updated model was developed utilizing a new TRNSYS subroutine for simulating sub-slab heat exchangers. Measurements of fluid temperature, soil temperature, and heat transfer were used to validate the updated model.
Canonical Transformations and Loop Formulation of SU(N) Lattice Gauge Theories
Mathur, Manu
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We construct canonical transformations to reformulate SU(N) Kogut-Susskind lattice gauge theory in terms of a set of fundamental loop & string flux operators along with their canonically conjugate loop & string electric fields. We show that as a consequence of SU(N) Gauss laws all SU(N) string degrees of freedom become cyclic and decouple from the physical Hilbert space ${\\cal H}^p$. The canonical relations between the initial SU(N) link operators and the final SU(N) loop & string operators over the entire lattice are worked out in a self consistent manner. The Kogut-Susskind Hamiltonian rewritten in terms of the fundamental physical loop operators has global SU(N) invariance. There are no gauge fields. We further show that the $(1/g^2)$ magnetic field terms on plaquettes create and annihilate the fundamental plaquette loop fluxes while the $(g^2)$ electric field terms describe all their interactions. In the weak coupling ($g^2 \\rightarrow 0$) continuum limit the SU(N) loop dynamics is described b...
Modelling solar low-lying cool loops with optically thick radiative losses
Sasso, C; Spadaro, D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the increase of the DEM (differential emission measure) towards the chromosphere due to small and cool magnetic loops (height $\\lesssim8$~Mm, $T\\lesssim10^5$~K). In a previous paper we analysed the conditions of existence and stability of these loops through hydrodynamic simulations, focusing on their dependence on the details of the optically thin radiative loss function used. In this paper, we extend those hydrodynamic simulations to verify if this class of loops exists and it is stable when using an optically thick radiative loss function. We study two cases: constant background heating and a heating depending on the density. The contribution to the transition region EUV output of these loops is also calculated and presented. We find that stable, quasi-static cool loops can be obtained by using an optically thick radiative loss function and a background heating depending on the density. The DEMs of these loops, however, fail to reproduce the observed DEM for temperatures between $4.6<\\log...
Solving the Puzzle of ? 100 ? Interstitial Loop Formation in bcc Iron
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Xu, Haixuan; Stoller, Roger E.; Osetsky, Yury N.; Terentyev, Dmitry
2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The interstitial loop is a unique signature of radiation damage in structural materials for nuclear and other advanced energy systems. Unlike other bcc metals, two types of interstitial loops, 1/2?111? and ?100?, are formed in bcc iron and its alloys. However, the mechanism by which ?100? interstitial dislocation loops are formed has remained undetermined since they were first observed more than fifty years ago. We describe our atomistic simulations that have provided the first direct observation of ?100? loop formation. The process was initially observed using our self-evolving atomistic kinetic Monte Carlo method, and subsequently confirmed using molecular dynamics simulations. Formation of ?100? loops involves a distinctly atomistic interaction between two 1/2?111? loops, and does not follow the conventional assumption of dislocation theory, which is Burgers vector conservation between the reactants and the product. The process observed is different from all previously proposed mechanisms. Thus, our observations might provide a direct link between experiments and simulations and new insights into defect formation that may provide a basis to increase the radiation resistance of these strategic materials.
Observational Tests of Damping by Resonant Absorption in Coronal Loop Oscillations
Markus J. Aschwanden; Richard W. Nightingale; Jesse Andries; Marcel Goossens; Tom Van Doorsselaere
2003-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
One of the proposed damping mechanisms of coronal (transverse) loop oscillations in the kink-mode is resonant absorption as a result of the Alfven speed variation at the outer boundary of coronal loops. Analytical expressions for the period and damping time exist for loop models with thin non-uniform boundaries. Here we measure the thickness of the non-uniform layer in oscillating loops for 11 events, by forward-fitting of the cross-sectional density profile and line-of-sight integration to the cross-sectional fluxes observed with TRACE 171 A. This way we model the internal and external electron density of the coronal plasma in oscillating loops. This allows us to test the theoretically predicted damping rates for thin boundaries as function of the density ratio. We find that the density ratio predicted by the damping time is higher than the density ratio estimated from the background fluxes. The lower densities modeled from the background fluxes are likely to be a consequence of the neglected hotter plasma that is not detected with the TRACE 171 A filter. Taking these correction into account, resonant absorption predicts damping times of kink-mode oscillations that are commensurable with the observed ones and provides a new diagnostic of the density contrast of oscillating loops.
is tested in vivo in an ambulatory diabetic swine model. · Blood-glucose (BG) regulation is achieved for pre-loop control provides blood-glucose regulation using dual subcutaneous insulin and glucagon infusion ACQUISITION DELIVERY MEASUREMENT DIABETIC PIG MODEL Insulin Glucagon Bluetooth wireless control SIGNAL CONTROL
Relationship of edge localized mode burst times with divertor flux loop signal phase in JET
Chapman, S. C., E-mail: S.C.Chapman@warwick.ac.uk [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden (Germany); Dendy, R. O. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Todd, T. N.; Webster, A. J.; Morris, J. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Watkins, N. W. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden (Germany); Centre for the Analysis of Time Series, London School of Economics, London (United Kingdom); Department of Engineering and Innovation, Open University, Milton Keynes (United Kingdom); Calderon, F. A. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
A phase relationship is identified between sequential edge localized modes (ELMs) occurrence times in a set of H-mode tokamak plasmas to the voltage measured in full flux azimuthal loops in the divertor region. We focus on plasmas in the Joint European Torus where a steady H-mode is sustained over several seconds, during which ELMs are observed in the Be II emission at the divertor. The ELMs analysed arise from intrinsic ELMing, in that there is no deliberate intent to control the ELMing process by external means. We use ELM timings derived from the Be II signal to perform direct time domain analysis of the full flux loop VLD2 and VLD3 signals, which provide a high cadence global measurement proportional to the voltage induced by changes in poloidal magnetic flux. Specifically, we examine how the time interval between pairs of successive ELMs is linked to the time-evolving phase of the full flux loop signals. Each ELM produces a clear early pulse in the full flux loop signals, whose peak time is used to condition our analysis. The arrival time of the following ELM, relative to this pulse, is found to fall into one of two categories: (i) prompt ELMs, which are directly paced by the initial response seen in the flux loop signals; and (ii) all other ELMs, which occur after the initial response of the full flux loop signals has decayed in amplitude. The times at which ELMs in category (ii) occur, relative to the first ELM of the pair, are clustered at times when the instantaneous phase of the full flux loop signal is close to its value at the time of the first ELM.
The 1/N correction in the D3-brane description of circular Wilson loop at strong coupling
E. I. Buchbinder; A. A. Tseytlin
2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the one-loop correction to the probe D3-brane action in AdS5 x S5 expanded around the classical Drukker-Fiol solution ending on a circle at the boundary. It is given essentially by the logarithm of the one-loop partition function of an Abelian ${\\cal N}=4$ vector multiplet in AdS2 x S2 geometry. This one-loop correction is expected to describe the subleading 1/N term in the expectation value of circular Wilson loop in the totally symmetric rank k representation in SU(N) SYM theory at strong coupling. In the limit k << N when the circular Wilson loop expectation values for the symmetric representation and for the product of k fundamental representations are expected to match we find that this one-loop D3-brane correction agrees with the gauge theory result for the k-fundamental case.
Conceptual Design of Forced Convection Molten Salt Heat Transfer Testing Loop
Manohar S. Sohal; Piyush Sabharwall; Pattrick Calderoni; Alan K. Wertsching; S. Brandon Grover
2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report develops a proposal to design and construct a forced convection test loop. A detailed test plan will then be conducted to obtain data on heat transfer, thermodynamic, and corrosion characteristics of the molten salts and fluid-solid interaction. In particular, this report outlines an experimental research and development test plan. The most important initial requirement for heat transfer test of molten salt systems is the establishment of reference coolant materials to use in the experiments. An earlier report produced within the same project highlighted how thermophysical properties of the materials that directly impact the heat transfer behavior are strongly correlated to the composition and impurities concentration of the melt. It is therefore essential to establish laboratory techniques that can measure the melt composition, and to develop purification methods that would allow the production of large quantities of coolant with the desired purity. A companion report describes the options available to reach such objectives. In particular, that report outlines an experimental research and development test plan that would include following steps: •Molten Salts: The candidate molten salts for investigation will be selected. •Materials of Construction: Materials of construction for the test loop, heat exchangers, and fluid-solid corrosion tests in the test loop will also be selected. •Scaling Analysis: Scaling analysis to design the test loop will be performed. •Test Plan: A comprehensive test plan to include all the tests that are being planned in the short and long term time frame will be developed. •Design the Test Loop: The forced convection test loop will be designed including extensive mechanical design, instrument selection, data acquisition system, safety requirements, and related precautionary measures. •Fabricate the Test Loop. •Perform the Tests. •Uncertainty Analysis: As a part of the data collection, uncertainty analysis will be performed to develop probability of confidence in what is measured in the test loop. Overall, the testing loop will allow development of needed heat transfer related thermophysical parameters for all the salts, validate existing correlations, validate measuring instruments under harsh environment, and have extensive corrosion testing of materials of construction.
Gontikakis, C.; Efthymiopoulos, C.; Georgoulis, M. K. [Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Academy of Athens, Soranou Efessiou 4, 11528 Athens (Greece); Patsourakos, S. [Section of Astro-Geophysics, Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina (Greece); Anastasiadis, A., E-mail: cgontik@academyofathens.gr [National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, GR-15236, Palaia Penteli (Greece)
2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We model nanoflare heating of extrapolated active-region coronal loops via the acceleration of electrons and protons in Harris-type current sheets. The kinetic energy of the accelerated particles is estimated using semi-analytical and test-particle-tracing approaches. Vector magnetograms and photospheric Doppler velocity maps of NOAA active region 09114, recorded by the Imaging Vector Magnetograph, were used for this analysis. A current-free field extrapolation of the active-region corona was first constructed. The corresponding Poynting fluxes at the footpoints of 5000 extrapolated coronal loops were then calculated. Assuming that reconnecting current sheets develop along these loops, we utilized previous results to estimate the kinetic energy gain of the accelerated particles. We related this energy to nanoflare heating and macroscopic loop characteristics. Kinetic energies of 0.1-8 keV (for electrons) and 0.3-470 keV (for protons) were found to cause heating rates ranging from 10{sup -6} to 1 erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -3}. Hydrodynamic simulations show that such heating rates can sustain plasma in coronal conditions inside the loops and generate plasma thermal distributions that are consistent with active-region observations. We concluded the analysis by computing the form of X-ray spectra generated by the accelerated electrons using the thick-target approach. These spectra were found to be in agreement with observed X-ray spectra, thus supporting the plausibility of our nanoflare-heating scenario.
Arens, Edward; Brown, Karl
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Prevent Good Building Energy Performance—Integrated Prevent Good Building Energy Performance—Integrated Loops Prevent Good Building Energy Performance—Integrated
Chemical Looping Gasification for Hydrogen Enhanced Syngas Production with In-Situ CO2 Capture
Kathe, Mandar; Xu, Dikai; Hsieh, Tien-Lin; Simpson, James; Statnick, Robert; Tong, Andrew; Fan, Liang-Shih
2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This document is the final report for the project titled “Chemical Looping Gasification for Hydrogen Enhanced Syngas Production with In-Situ CO2 Capture” under award number FE0012136 for the performance period 10/01/2013 to 12/31/2014.This project investigates the novel Ohio State chemical looping gasification technology for high efficiency, cost efficiency coal gasification for IGCC and methanol production application. The project developed an optimized oxygen carrier composition, demonstrated the feasibility of the concept and completed cold-flow model studies. WorleyParsons completed a techno-economic analysis which showed that for a coal only feed with carbon capture, the OSU CLG technology reduced the methanol required selling price by 21%, lowered the capital costs by 28%, increased coal consumption efficiency by 14%. Further, using the Ohio State Chemical Looping Gasification technology resulted in a methanol required selling price which was lower than the reference non-capture case.
A Proposal for a Standard Interface Between Monte Carlo Tools And One-Loop Programs
Binoth, T.; /Edinburgh U.; Boudjema, F.; /Annecy, LAPP; Dissertori, G.; Lazopoulos, A.; /Zurich, ETH; Denner, A.; /PSI, Villigen; Dittmaier, S.; /Freiburg U.; Frederix, R.; Greiner, N.; Hoeche, Stefan; /Zurich U.; Giele, W.; Skands, P.; Winter, J.; /Fermilab; Gleisberg, T.; /SLAC; Archibald, J.; Heinrich, G.; Krauss, F.; Maitre, D.; /Durham U., IPPP; Huber, M.; /Munich, Max Planck Inst.; Huston, J.; /Michigan State U.; Kauer, N.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Maltoni, F.; /Louvain U., CP3 /Milan Bicocca U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /Granada U., Theor. Phys. Astrophys. /CERN /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Heidelberg U. /Oxford U., Theor. Phys.
2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
Many highly developed Monte Carlo tools for the evaluation of cross sections based on tree matrix elements exist and are used by experimental collaborations in high energy physics. As the evaluation of one-loop matrix elements has recently been undergoing enormous progress, the combination of one-loop matrix elements with existing Monte Carlo tools is on the horizon. This would lead to phenomenological predictions at the next-to-leading order level. This note summarises the discussion of the next-to-leading order multi-leg (NLM) working group on this issue which has been taking place during the workshop on Physics at TeV Colliders at Les Houches, France, in June 2009. The result is a proposal for a standard interface between Monte Carlo tools and one-loop matrix element programs.
Two-loop correction to the Higgs boson mass in the MRSSM
Diessner, Philip; Kotlarski, Wojciech; Stöckinger, Dominik
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the impact of two-loop corrections on the mass of the lightest Higgs boson in the Minimal R-symmetric Supersymmetric Standard Model (MRSSM). These shift the Higgs boson mass up by typically 5 GeV or more. The dominant corrections arise from strong interactions, from the gluon and its N=2 superpartners, the sgluon and Dirac gluino, and these corrections further increase with large Dirac gluino mass. The two-loop contributions governed purely by Yukawa couplings and the MRSSM $\\lambda,\\Lambda$ parameters are smaller. We also update an earlier analysis [Diessner:2014ksa], which showed that the MRSSM can accommodate the measured Higgs and W boson masses. Including the two-loop corrections increases the parameter space where the theory prediction agrees with the measurement.
Sensitivity of the blue loops of intermediate-mass stars to nuclear reactions
Halabi, Ghina M.; El Eid, Mounib [American University of Beirut, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut (Lebanon)
2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the effects of a modification of the {sup 14}N(p,{gamma}){sup 15}O reaction rate, as suggested by recent evaluations, on the formation and extension of the blue loops encountered during the evolution of the stars in the mass range 5M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator} to 12M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator }. We show that the blue loops of stars in the mass range 5M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator} to 8M{sub Circled-Dot-Operator }, that is the range of super ABG stars, are severely affected by a modification of the important {sup 14}N(p,{gamma}){sup 15}O reaction rate. We also show that the blue loops can be restored if envelope overshooting is included, which is necessary to explain the observations of the Cepheid stars.
Numerical integration of one-loop Feynman diagrams for N-photon amplitudes
Zoltan Nagy; Davison E. Soper
2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
In the calculation of cross sections for infrared-safe observables in high energy collisions at next-to-leading order, one approach is to perform all of the integrations, including the virtual loop integration numerically. One would use a subtraction scheme that removes infrared and collinear divergences from the integrand in a style similar to that used for real emission graphs. Then one would perform the loop integration by Monte Carlo integration along with the integrations over final state momenta. In this paper, we have explored how one can perform the numerical integration. We have studied the N-photon scattering amplitude with a massless electron loop in order to have a case with a singular integrand that is not, however, so singular as to require the subtractions. We report results for N = 4, N = 5 with left-handed couplings, and N=6.
Modelling of Reflective Propagating Slow-mode Wave in a Flaring Loop
Fang, X; Van Doorsselaere, T; Keppens, R; Xia, C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quasi-periodic propagating intensity disturbances have been observed in large coronal loops in EUV images over a decade, and are widely accepted to be slow magnetosonic waves. However, spectroscopic observations from Hinode/EIS revealed their association with persistent coronal upflows, making this interpretation debatable. We perform a 2.5D magnetohydrodynamic simulation to imitate the chromospheric evaporation and the following reflected patterns in a flare loop. Our model encompasses the corona, transition region, and chromosphere. We demonstrate that the quasi periodic propagating intensity variations captured by the synthesized \\textit{Solar Dynamics Observatory}/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) 131, 94~\\AA~emission images match the previous observations well. With particle tracers in the simulation, we confirm that these quasi periodic propagating intensity variations consist of reflected slow mode waves and mass flows with an average speed of 310 km/s in an 80 Mm length loop with an average temperatu...
The Lattice Free Energy of QCD with Clover Fermions, up to Three-Loops
A. Athenodorou; H. Panagopoulos; A. Tsapalis
2007-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the perturbative value of the free energy in Lattice QCD, up to three loops. Our calculation is performed using Wilson gluons and the Sheikholeslami - Wolhert (clover) improved action for fermions. The free energy is directly related to the average plaquette. To carry out the calculation, we compute all relevant Feynman diagrams up to 3 loops, using a set of automated procedures in Mathematica; numerical evaluation of the resulting loop integrals is performed on finite lattice, with subsequent extrapolation to infinite size. The results are presented as a function of the fermion mass m, for any SU(N_c) gauge group, and for an arbitrary number of fermion flavors. In order to enable independent comparisons, we also provide the results on a per diagram basis, for a specific mass value.
Numerical Study of a Propagating Non-Thermal Microwave Feature in a Solar Flare Loop
T. Minoshima; T. Yokoyama
2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
We analytically and numerically study the motion of electrons along a magnetic loop, to compare with the observation of the propagating feature of the non-thermal microwave source in the 1999 August 28 solar flare reported by Yokoyama et al. (2002). We model the electron motion with the Fokker-Planck equation and calculate the spatial distribution of the gyrosynchrotron radiation. We find that the microwave propagating feature does not correspond to the motion of electrons with a specific initial pitch angle. This apparent propagating feature is a consequence of the motion of an ensemble of electrons with different initial pitch angles, which have different time and position to produce strong radiation in the loop. We conclude that the non-thermal electrons in the 1999 August 28 flare were isotropically accelerated and then are injected into the loop.
One-loop calculations in quantum field theory: from Feynman diagrams to unitarity cuts
Ellis, R. Keith [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Kunszt, Zoltan [Institute for Theoretical Physics (Switzerland); Melnikov, Kirill [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Zanderighi, Giulia [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics (United Kingdom)
2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The success of the experimental program at the Tevatron re-inforced the idea that precision physics at hadron colliders is desirable and, indeed, possible. The Tevatron data strongly suggests that one-loop computations in QCD describe hard scattering well. Extrapolating this observation to the LHC, we conclude that knowledge of many short-distance processes at next-to-leading order may be required to describe the physics of hard scattering. While the field of one-loop computations is quite mature, parton multiplicities in hard LHC events are so high that traditional computational techniques become inefficient. Recently new approaches based on unitarity have been developed for calculating one-loop scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory. These methods are especially suitable for the description of multi-particle processes in QCD and are amenable to numerical implementations. We present a systematic pedagogical description of both conceptual and technical aspects of the new methods.
Effect of the Gribov horizon on the Polyakov loop and vice versa
Canfora, F E; Justo, I F; Pais, P; Rosa, L; Vercauteren, D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider finite temperature SU(2) gauge theory in the continuum formulation, which necessitates the choice of a gauge fixing. Choosing the Landau gauge, the existing gauge copies are taken into account by means of the Gribov-Zwanziger (GZ) quantization scheme, which entails the introduction of a dynamical mass scale (Gribov mass) directly influencing the Green functions of the theory. Here, we determine simultaneously the Polyakov loop (vacuum expectation value) and Gribov mass in terms of temperature, by minimizing the vacuum energy w.r.t. the Polyakov loop parameter and solving the Gribov gap equation. Inspired by the Casimir energy-style of computation, we illustrate the usage of Zeta function regularization in finite temperature calculations. Our main result is that the Gribov mass directly feels the deconfinement transition, visible from a cusp occurring at the same temperature where the Polyakov loop becomes nonzero. In this exploratory work we mainly restrict ourselves to the original Gribov-Zwanzig...
Scaling Laws and Temperature Profiles for Solar and Stellar Coronal Loops with Non-uniform Heating
P. C. H. Martens
2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
The bulk of solar coronal radiative loss consists of soft X-ray emission from quasi-static loops at the cores of Active Regions. In order to develop diagnostics for determining the heating mechanism of these loops from observations by coronal imaging instruments, I have developed analytical solutions for the temperature structure and scaling laws of loop strands for a wide range of heating functions, including footpoint heating, uniform heating, and heating concentrated at the loop apex. Key results are that the temperature profile depends only weakly on the heating distribution -- not sufficiently to be of significant diagnostic value -- and that the scaling laws survive for this wide range of heating distributions, but with the constant of proportionality in the RTV scaling law ($P_{0}L \\thicksim T_{max}^3$) depending on the specific heating function. Furthermore, quasi-static analytical solutions do not exist for an excessive concentration of heating near the loop footpoints, a result in agreement with recent numerical simulations. It is demonstrated that a generalization of the solutions to the case of a strand with a variable diameter leads to only relatively small correction factors in the scaling laws and temperature profiles for constant diameter loop strands. A quintet of leading theoretical coronal heating mechanisms is shown to be captured by the formalism of this paper, and the differences in thermal structure between them may be verified through observations. Preliminary results from full numerical simulations demonstrate that, despite the simplifying assumptions, the analytical solutions from this paper are stable and accurate.
Forty-Four Pass Fibre Optic Loop for Improving the Sensitivity of Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors
Chin B Su; Jun Kameoka
2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
A forty-four pass fibre optic surface plasmon resonance sensor that enhances detection sensitivity according to the number of passes is demonstrated for the first time. The technique employs a fibre optic recirculation loop that passes the detection spot forty- four times, thus enhancing sensitivity by a factor of forty-four. Presently, the total number of passes is limited by the onset of lasing action of the recirculation loop. This technique offers a significant sensitivity improvement for various types of plasmon resonance sensors that may be used in chemical and biomolecule detections.
Wilson loops, geometric operators and fermions in 3d group field theory
R. J. Dowdall
2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
Group field theories whose Feynman diagrams describe 3d gravity with a varying configuration of Wilson loop observables and 3d gravity with volume observables at each vertex are defined. The volume observables are created by the usual spin network grasping operators which require the introduction of vector fields on the group. We then use this to define group field theories that give a previously defined spin foam model for fermion fields coupled to gravity, and the simpler quenched approximation, by using tensor fields on the group. The group field theory naturally includes the sum over fermionic loops at each order of the perturbation theory.
Floating Loop System For Cooling Integrated Motors And Inverters Using Hot Liquid Refrigerant
Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN; Ayers, Curtis W [Kingston, TN; Coomer, Chester [Knoxville, TN; Marlino, Laura D [Oak Ridge, TN
2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
A floating loop vehicle component cooling and air-conditioning system having at least one compressor for compressing cool vapor refrigerant into hot vapor refrigerant; at least one condenser for condensing the hot vapor refrigerant into hot liquid refrigerant by exchanging heat with outdoor air; at least one floating loop component cooling device for evaporating the hot liquid refrigerant into hot vapor refrigerant; at least one expansion device for expanding the hot liquid refrigerant into cool liquid refrigerant; at least one air conditioning evaporator for evaporating the cool liquid refrigerant into cool vapor refrigerant by exchanging heat with indoor air; and piping for interconnecting components of the cooling and air conditioning system.
Modelling Rates of Gasification of a Char Particle in Chemical Looping Combustion
Saucedo, Marco A.; Dennis, John S.; Scott, Stuart A.
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
with that in the initial particle. Keywords Chemical-looping combustion; gasification; coal; CO2 separation; fluidisation 3 Nomenclature 12ckA Pre-exponential factor for the rate constant 2ck1, mol s -1 g-1 bar-1 12ckA Pre-exponential factor for the rate constant 2ck2... 1 Modelling Rates of Gasification of a Char Particle in Chemical Looping Combustion Marco A. Saucedoa*, John S. Dennisa, Stuart A. Scottb aDepartment of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge...
In vivo evidence of alternative loop geometries in DNA-protein complexes
Leonor Saiz; Jose M. G. Vilar
2006-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
The in vivo free energy of looping double-stranded DNA by the lac repressor has a remarkable behavior whose origins are not fully understood. In addition to the intrinsic periodicity of the DNA double helix, the in vivo free energy has an oscillatory component of about half the helical period and oscillates asymmetrically with an amplitude significantly smaller than predicted by current theories. Here, we show that the in vivo behavior is accurately accounted for by the simultaneous presence of two distinct conformations of looped DNA. Our analysis reveals that these two conformations have different optimal free energies and phases and that they behave distinctly in the presence of key architectural proteins.
Speed of sound in quark gluon plasma with one loop correction in mean field potential
S. Somorendro Singh; R. Ramanathan
2015-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
We study thermodynamic properties and speed of sound in a free en- ergy evolution of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) with one loop correction factor in the mean-field potential. The values of the thermodynamic prop- erties like pressure, entropy and specific heat are calculated for a range of temperatures. The results agree with the recent lattice results. The speed of sound is found to be C2 s = 0.3 independent of parameters used in the loop correction which matches almost with lattice calculations.
Speed of sound in quark gluon plasma with one loop correction in mean field potential
Singh, S Somorendro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study thermodynamic properties and speed of sound in a free en- ergy evolution of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) with one loop correction factor in the mean-field potential. The values of the thermodynamic prop- erties like pressure, entropy and specific heat are calculated for a range of temperatures. The results agree with the recent lattice results. The speed of sound is found to be C2 s = 0.3 independent of parameters used in the loop correction which matches almost with lattice calculations.
Automation of One-Loop Calculations with GoSam: Present Status and Future Outlook
Gavin Cullen; Nicolas Greiner; Gudrun Heinrich; Gionata Luisoni; Pierpaolo Mastrolia; Giovanni Ossola; Thomas Reiter; Francesco Tramontano
2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
In this presentation, we describe the GoSam (Golem/Samurai) framework for the automated computation of multi-particle scattering amplitudes at the one-loop level. The amplitudes are generated analytically in terms of Feynman diagrams, and can be evaluated using either D-dimensional integrand reduction or tensor decomposition. GoSam can be used to compute one-loop corrections to Standard Model (QCD and EW) processes, and it is ready to link generic model files for theories Beyond SM. We show the main features of GoSam through its application to several examples of different complexity.
Modeling of Vertical Ground Loop Heat Exchangers with Variable Convective Resistance and Thermal-term behavior of ground loop heat exchangers (GLHE) is critical to the design and energy analysis of ground in the tube to guarantee a low convective heat transfer resistance. However, for some antifreeze types
Zhang, Jun; Yang, Shuhong; Li, Ting; Zhang, Yuzong; Li, Leping [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Jiang, Chaowei, E-mail: zjun@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: shuhongyang@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: liting@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: yuzong@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: lepingli@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: cwjiang@spaceweather.ac.cn [SIGMA Weather Group, State Key Laboratory for Space Weather, Center for Space Science and Applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
We employ Solar Dynamics Observatory observations and select three well-observed events including two flares and one extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) brightening. During the three events, the EUV loops clearly changed. One event was related to a major solar flare that took place on 2012 July 12 in active region NOAA AR 11520. 'Open' EUV loops rooted in a facula of the AR deflected to the post-flare loops and then merged with them while the flare ribbon approached the facula. Meanwhile, 'open' EUV loops rooted in a pore disappeared from top to bottom as the flare ribbon swept over the pore. The loop evolution was similar in the low-temperature channels (e.g., 171 Å) and the high-temperature channels (e.g., 94 Å). The coronal magnetic fields extrapolated from the photospheric vector magnetograms also show that the fields apparently 'open' prior to the flare become closed after it. The other two events were associated with a B1.1 flare on 2010 May 24 and an EUV brightening on 2013 January 03, respectively. During both of these two events, some 'open' loops either disappeared or darkened before the formation of new closed loops. We suggest that the observations reproduce the picture predicted by the standard magnetic reconnection model: 'open' magnetic fields become closed due to reconnection, manifesting as a transformation from 'open' EUV loops to closed post-flare ones.
Fractional-N PLL with 90 degree phase shift lock and active switched-capacitor loop filter
Park, Joohwan
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
.............................................................................................................42 32 Power spectral density............................................................................................44 33 PSD with input reference jitter ...............................................................................46 34... of the charge pump. An active loop filter is used to alleviate this drawback [22]. In the continuous-time PLL, the PFD operation can be critical when the loop is locked, due to finite pulse durations. To reduce noise from the PFD and input reference jitter, a...
A Pipelined Execution of Tiled Nested Loops onto a Cluster of PCs using PCI-SCI NICs
Koziris, Nectarios G.
A Pipelined Execution of Tiled Nested Loops onto a Cluster of PCs using PCI-SCI NICs Aristidis of executing tiled nested loop based programs onto clus- ters of PCs using PCI-SCI Network Interface Cards zero-copy mes- saging through pinned-down physical memory regions for DMA (PCI exported segments to SCI
Arleo, Angelo
in account the complex, dynamic interaction between product design (design for multiple product lifecycles will develop a software platform consisting of a closed-loop product lifecycle management module coupled-Loop Product Systems (ResCoM) For this EU project, which has started in November 2013, INSEAD is seeking
Thirumalai, Devarajan
,§ and D. Thirumalai*,¶,# Biophysics Program, Institute for Physical Science and Technology, UniKinetics of Loop Formation in Polymer Chains Ngo Minh Toan,¶, Greg Morrison,¶,£ Changbong Hyeon, 2007 We investigate the kinetics of loop formation in ideal flexible polymer chains (the Rouse model
Santiago, Juan G.
Closed-Loop Electroosmotic Microchannel Cooling System for VLSI Circuits Linan Jiang, James Mikkelsen circuits motivate research on compact cooling technologies with low thermal resistance. This paper develops a closed-loop two-phase microchannel cooling system using electroosmotic pumping for the working fluid
Evaluation of CuAl2O4 as an Oxygen Carrier in Chemical-Looping Mehdi Arjmand,*,
Azad, Abdul-Majeed
of Technology, SE-412 96 Goteborg, Sweden ABSTRACT: The chemical-looping combustion (CLC) process is a novelEvaluation of CuAl2O4 as an Oxygen Carrier in Chemical-Looping Combustion Mehdi Arjmand,*, Abdul-Majeed Azad, Henrik Leion, Tobias Mattisson,§ and Anders Lyngfelt§ Department of Chemical and Biological
Meirovitch, Hagai
Absolute Free Energy and Entropy of a Mobile Loop of the Enzyme Acetylcholinesterase Mihail dissociation measurements suggest that the free-energy (F) penalty for the loop displacement is F ) Ffree contribution of water to the total free energy. Namely, for water densities close to the experimental value
Polymers in poor solvents : loop expansion of irreducible diagrams (II) J. des Cloizeaux
Boyer, Edmond
761 Polymers in poor solvents : loop expansion of irreducible diagrams (II) J. des Cloizeaux polydispersion. Abstract. 2014 Properties of polymers in poor solvent are found by calculating irreducible. Expressions are given for the osmotic pressure, the size of a polymer in a solution and the density
Closing the Learning-Planning Loop with PSRs Byron Boots beb@cs.cmu.edu
Gordon, Geoffrey J.
Closing the Learning-Planning Loop with PSRs Byron Boots beb@cs.cmu.edu Sajid M. Siddiqi* siddiqi under grant number 4400161514, and a project with MobileFusion/TTC. BEB was supported by the NSF under grant number EEEC-0540865. BEB and GJG were both supported by ONR MURI grant number N00014
Evaluation of Novel Ceria-Supported Metal Oxides As Oxygen Carriers for Chemical-Looping Combustion
Azad, Abdul-Majeed
for copper-based materials, and at 950 °C for iron- and manganese-based materials. Methane or syngas (50% COEvaluation of Novel Ceria-Supported Metal Oxides As Oxygen Carriers for Chemical-Looping Combustion of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goteborg, Sweden
ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins
Baker, David
SCALLEY-KIM,1 PHILIPPE MINARD,1,3 AND DAVID BAKER2 1 Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA 2 Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute into four surface loops in phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) were Reprint requests to: David Baker, Department
Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modelled as circular loops of strips
Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit
Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modelled as circular loops of strips J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van. Due to induction eddy currents occur which lead to the so-called edge-effect. The edge- effect depends the gradient coils themselves. Eddy currents occur, causing perturbations on the expected gradient field
Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modeled as circular loops of strips
Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit
Eddy currents in a gradient coil, modeled as circular loops of strips J.M.B. Kroot, S.J.L. van to induction, eddy currents occur, resulting in a so-called edge-effect. Higher frequencies cause stronger edge by a gradient coil induces eddy currents in the conducting structures. The eddy currents cause perturbations
Dynamically Feasible Trajectory and Open-Loop Control Design for Unmanned Airships
Papadopoulos, Evangelos
Dynamically Feasible Trajectory and Open-Loop Control Design for Unmanned Airships Filoktimon--This paper describes a method for planning six DOF trajectories for an underactuated unmanned airship the requirements of tracking the specific trajectory. I. INTRODUCTION Unmanned, robotic (autonomous) airships, see
A Self-Optimizing Embedded Microprocessor using a Loop Table for Low Power
Vahid, Frank
A Self-Optimizing Embedded Microprocessor using a Loop Table for Low Power Frank Vahid* and Ann describe an approach for a microprocessor to tune itself to its fixed application to reduce power in an embedded system. We define a basic architecture and methodology supporting a microprocessor self
Point particles in 2+1 dimensions: general relativity and loop gravity descriptions
Jonathan Ziprick
2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a Hamiltonian description of point particles in (2+1)-dimensions using connection and frame-field variables for general relativity. The topology of each spatial hypersurface is that of a punctured two-sphere with particles residing at the punctures. We describe this topology with a CW complex (a collection of two-cells glued together along edges), and use this to fix a gauge and reduce the Hamiltonian. The equations of motion for the fields describe a dynamical triangulation where each vertex moves according to the equation of motion for a free relativistic particle. The evolution is continuous except for when triangles collapse (i.e. the edges become parallel) causing discrete, topological changes in the underlying CW complex. We then introduce the loop gravity phase space parameterized by holonomy-flux variables on a graph (a network of one-dimensional links). By embedding a graph within the CW complex, we find a description of this system in terms of loop variables. The resulting equations of motion describe the same dynamical triangulation as the connection and frame-field variables. In this framework, the collapse of a triangle causes a discrete change in the underlying graph, giving a concrete realization of the graph-changing moves that many expect to feature in full loop quantum gravity. The main result is a dynamical model of loop gravity which agrees with general relativity and is well-suited for quantization using existing methods.
CHIRON: a package for ChPT numerical results at two loops
Johan Bijnens
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
This document describes the package CHIRON which includes two libraries, chiron itself and jbnumlib. CHIRON is a set of routines useful for two-loop numerical results in Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). It includes programs for the needed one- and two-loop integrals as well as routines to deal with the ChPT parameters. The present version includes everything needed for the masses, decay constants and quark-antiquark vacuum-expectation-values. An added routine calculates consistent values for the masses and decay constants when the pion and kaon masses are varied. In addition a number of finite volume results are included: one-loop tadpole integrals, two-loop sunset integrals and the results for masses and decay constants. The numerical routine library jbnumlib contains the numerical routines used in chiron. Many are to a large extent simple C++ versions of routines in the CERNLIB numerical library. Notable exceptions are the dilogarithm and the Jacobi theta function implementations. This paper describes what is included in CHIRON v0.50.
Fractal Structure of Isothermal Lines and Loops on the Cosmic Microwave Background
Chiang, Lung-Yih
of isothermal lines and loops of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation on the sky map is studied and the fractal structure is confirmed in the radiation temperature fluctuation. We estimate the fractal exponents of Hurst exponents, He for the profile of the CMB radiation temperature, and Hc for a single isothermal
Control of Delayed Recycling Systems with Unstable First Order Forward Loop
Boyer, Edmond
Control of Delayed Recycling Systems with Unstable First Order Forward Loop J. F. M Abstract Unstable time-delay systems and recycling systems are challenging problems for control analysis and design. When an unstable time-delay system has a recycle, its control problem becomes even more difficult
Guo, John Zhanhu
Looped carbon capturing and environmental remediation: case study of magnetic polypropylene carbon nanocomposites (MCNCs) and simultaneously produce useful chemical species which can be utilized a distribution of species with different numbers of carbon, while only 40% of pure PP is decomposed after
Tuning of MEMS devices using Evolutionary Computation and Open-Loop Frequency Response.
Arizona, University of
1 Tuning of MEMS devices using Evolutionary Computation and Open-Loop Frequency Response. Didier.keymeulen@jpl.nasa.gov Abstract-- 12 We propose a tuning method for MEMS gyroscopes based on evolutionary computation that has the capacity to efficiently increase the sensitivity of MEMS gyroscopes through tuning and, furthermore
Rogowski Loop Designs for NSTX * B. McCormack, R. Kaita, H. Kugel, R. Hatcher
. A loop is a multi turn uniformly wound solenoid having a uniform cross sectional area and completely into account metric/English conversions while the equation form highlights the direct relationship of turns the inner diameter of the Center Stack casing insulation and the OH Coil outside diameter. It would
Rogowski Loop Designs for NSTX * B. McCormack, R. Kaita, H. Kugel, R. Hatcher
. A loop is a multi- turn uniformly wound solenoid having a uniform cross- sectional area and completely/English conversions while the equation form highlights the direct relationship of turns and cross-sectional area of the Center Stack casing insulation and the OH Coil outside diameter. It would be measuring Mamp plasma
Towards Understanding Architectural Tradeoffs in MEMS Closed-Loop Feedback Control
Sherwood, Tim
, California 93106 sherwood@cs.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) combine lithoTowards Understanding Architectural Tradeoffs in MEMS Closed-Loop Feedback Control Greg Hoover on the scale of microns. However, the physical scale of MEMS devices can make controlling them computationally
Electric-Magnetic duality and the "Loop Representation" in Abelian Gauge Theories
Lorenzo Leal
1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Abelian Gauge Theories are quantized in a geometric representation that generalizes the Loop Representation and treates electric and magnetic operators on the same footing. The usual canonical algebra is turned into a topological algebra of non local operators that resembles the order-disorder dual algebra of 't Hooft. These dual operators provide a complete description of the physical phase space of the theories.
Logan, Gordon D.
SpeedAccuracy Trade-Off in Skilled Typewriting: Decomposing the Contributions of Hierarchical were able to trade speed for accuracy but were unable to type at rates faster than 100 ms and errors indicated that the majority of the trade-offs were due to inner-loop processing. The contribution
Laboratory simulations of astrophysical jets and solar coronal loops: new results
Bellan, Paul M.
-uniform pinch force associated with the ared axial current density. Behavior is consistent with a model showing amplifying the embedded toroidal magnetic eld, enhancing the pinch force, and hence causing collimation. Both the astrophysical jet [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] and solar coronal loop experiments [6, 7, 8] use technology
Numerical evaluation of one-loop diagrams near exceptional momentum configurations
Walter T Giele; Giulia Zanderighi; E.W.N. Glover
2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
One problem which plagues the numerical evaluation of one-loop Feynman diagrams using recursive integration by part relations is a numerical instability near exceptional momentum configurations. In this contribution we will discuss a generic solution to this problem. As an example we consider the case of forward light-by-light scattering.
Schrijver, Karel
Martin Advanced Technology Center, Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Department L9-41, Bld.252., 3251 (half) length L and orientation of the loop plane, based on a best-fit of a circular geometry. Then we of kink eigen-mode oscillations, but rather manifest flare-induced impulsively generated MHD waves, which
Fourier analysis and systems identification of the p53 feedback loop
to a circuit, measures its output at different frequencies, and describes this by linear models of the dynamicsFourier analysis and systems identification of the p53 feedback loop Naama Geva-Zatorskya,1 , Erez (received for review January 31, 2010) A key circuit in the response of cells to damage is the p53mdm2
arXiv:hepph/0610045v2 2006 ENERGY CONSERVATION and POMERON LOOPS
Lunds Universitet,
arXiv:hepph/0610045v2 31 Oct 2006 ENERGY CONSERVATION and POMERON LOOPS in HIGH ENERGY EVOLUTION@thep.lu.se We present a formalism which modi#12;es the Mueller Dipole Model such that it incorporates energy at the XLVI Cracow School of Theoretical Physics, May 27 - June 5 2006, Zakopane, Poland. (1) #12; 2 Emil
Hydrogen-bond driven loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains
Daidone, Isabella [University of Heidelberg; Neuweiler, H [University of Heidelberg; Doose, S [University of Heidelberg; Sauer, M [University of Heidelberg; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Characterization of the length dependence of end-to-end loop-closure kinetics in unfolded polypeptide chains provides an understanding of early steps in protein folding. Here, loop-closure in poly-glycine-serine peptides is investigated by combining single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy with molecular dynamics simulation. For chains containing more than 10 peptide bonds loop-closing rate constants on the 20-100 nanosecond time range exhibit a power-law length dependence. However, this scaling breaks down for shorter peptides, which exhibit slower kinetics arising from a perturbation induced by the dye reporter system used in the experimental setup. The loop-closure kinetics in the longer peptides is found to be determined by the formation of intra-peptide hydrogen bonds and transient beta-sheet structure, that accelerate the search for contacts among residues distant in sequence relative to the case of a polypeptide chain in which hydrogen bonds cannot form. Hydrogen-bond-driven polypeptide-chain collapse in unfolded peptides under physiological conditions found here is not only consistent with hierarchical models of protein folding, that highlights the importance of secondary structure formation early in the folding process, but is also shown to speed up the search for productive folding events.
Structural properties of the histidine-containing loop in HIV-1RNase H
Kern, G.; Pelton, J.; Marqusee, S.; Kern, D.
2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z
The isolated HIV-1 RNase H domain is inactive. This inactivity has been linked to the lack of structure in the C-terminus of the isolated domain. His539 residing in a loop preceding the C-terminal Helix was studies by NMR to determine the stability and conformational properties of this region.
Computational fluid dynamic simulations of chemical looping fuel reactors utilizing gaseous fuels
Mahalatkar, K.; Kuhlman, J.; Huckaby, E.D.; O'Brien, T.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A computational fluid dynamic(CFD) model for the fuel reactor of chemical looping combustion technology has been developed,withspecialfocusonaccuratelyrepresentingtheheterogeneous chemicalreactions.Acontinuumtwo-fluidmodelwasusedtodescribeboththegasandsolidphases. Detailedsub-modelstoaccountforfluid–particleandparticle–particleinteractionforceswerealso incorporated.Twoexperimentalcaseswereanalyzedinthisstudy(Son andKim,2006; Mattisonetal., 2001). SimulationswerecarriedouttotestthecapabilityoftheCFDmodeltocapturechangesinoutletgas concentrationswithchangesinnumberofparameterssuchassuperficialvelocity,metaloxide concentration,reactortemperature,etc.Fortheexperimentsof Mattissonetal.(2001), detailedtime varyingoutletconcentrationvalueswerecompared,anditwasfoundthatCFDsimulationsprovideda reasonablematchwiththisdata.
Higgs decay to two photons at one-loop in the SMEFT
Hartmann, Christine
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the calculation of the $\\rm CP$ conserving contributions to $\\Gamma(h \\rightarrow \\gamma \\gamma)$, from dimension six operators at one-loop order, in the linear Standard Model Effective Field Theory. We discuss the impact of these corrections on interpreting current and future experimental bounds on this decay.
Verifiable Active Safety for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems with Humans in the Loop
Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"
Verifiable Active Safety for Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems with Humans in the Loop Francesco-6925 A recent trend in the automotive industry is the rapid inclusion of electronics, computers and controls that focus entirely on improved functionality and overall system robustness. This makes the automotive sector
Duffy, Ken
]. For control design purposes, the common approach is to use linear models obtained around a certain operationEffect of downstream feedback on the achievable performance of feedback control loops for serial-- This paper deals with feedback control of serial processes, that is, processes formed by the series
Stem-loop Structure in the 5H Region of Potato Virus X
Brown, James W.
Stem-loop Structure in the 5H Region of Potato Virus X Genome Required for Plus-strand RNA 27695, USA Computer-generated thermodynamic predictions and solution structure probing indicated two nt of potato virus X (PVX) RNA. Because the existence of SL1 was further supported by co- variation
POISONED FEEDBACK: THE IMPACT OF MALICIOUS USERS IN CLOSED-LOOP MULTIUSER MIMO SYSTEMS
Swindlehurst, A. Lee
POISONED FEEDBACK: THE IMPACT OF MALICIOUS USERS IN CLOSED-LOOP MULTIUSER MIMO SYSTEMS Amitav systems based on malicious feedback of CSI. In particular, we examine malicious or poisoned feedback of the trans- mitter are listed in Sec. 3. Numerical results that depict the impact of poisoned feedback
Akihiro Shibata; Kei-Ichi Kondo; Seikou Kato; Shoichi Ito; Toru Shinohara; Nobuyui Fukui
2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
We have given a new description of the lattice Yang-Mills theory a la Cho-Faddeev-Niemi-Shabanov, which has enabled us to confirm in a gauge-independent manner "Abelian"-dominance and magnetic-monopole dominance in the Wilson loop average, yielding a gauge-independent dual superconductor picture for quark confinement. In particular, we have given a new procedure (called reduction) for obtaining a gauge-independent magnetic monopole from a given Yang-Mills field. In this talk, we demonstrate how some of known topological configurations in the SU(2) Yang-Mills theory such as merons and instantons generate closed loops of magnetic-monopole current as the quark confiner, both of which are characterized by the gauge-invariant topological index, topological charge (density) and magnetic charge (density), respectively. We also try to detect which type of topological configurations exist in the lattice data involving magnetic-monopole loops generated by Monte Carlo simulation. Here we apply a new geometrical algorithm based on "computational homology" to discriminating each closed loop from clusters of magnetic-monopole current, since the magnetic-monopole current on a lattice is integer valued.
Motor Modeling and Position Control Lab Week 3: Closed Loop Control
Krovi, Venkat
Motor Modeling and Position Control Lab Week 3: Closed Loop Control 1. Review In the first week of motor modeling lab, a mathematical model of a DC motor from first principles was derived to obtain specifically for this motor model. In the second week, a physical DC motor (Quanser SRV-02) was used for open
Closing the Loop on Big Data Rob Nowak www.ece.wisc.edu/~nowak
Qiu, Robert Caiming
Closing the Loop on Big Data data Rob Nowak www.ece.wisc.edu/~nowak NSF Big Data Workshop March 21, 2013 #12;model space questions /queries "training data" BIG DATA: A Marriage of Machine and Man Human Judgements labeling, annotation, comparisons #12;model space questions /queries "training data" BIG DATA
Hardware-in-the-loop testing of wireless systems in realistic environments.
Burkholder, R. J. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory); Mariano, Robert J.; Gupta, I. J. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory); Schniter, P. (Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory)
2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document describes an approach for testing of wireless systems in realistic environments that include intentional as well as unintentional radio frequency interference. In the approach, signal generators along with radio channel simulators are used to carry out hardware-in-the-loop testing. The channel parameters are obtained independently via channel sounding measurements and/or EM simulations.
Shaping Power System Inter-area Oscillations through Control Loops of Grid Integrated Wind Farms
Gayme, Dennice
Shaping Power System Inter-area Oscillations through Control Loops of Grid Integrated Wind Farms the inter-area oscillation spectrum of a large wind-integrated power system. The power system is modeled using a contin- uum representation of the electro-mechanical swing dynamics with the wind power entering
An enumerative stepwise ansatz enables atomic-accuracy RNA loop modeling
Das, Rhiju
demonstrate that the predictive power of computational algo- rithms remains limited, especially if atomicAn enumerative stepwise ansatz enables atomic-accuracy RNA loop modeling Parin Sripakdeevonga September 27, 2011 (received for review May 17, 2011) Atomic-accuracy structure prediction of macromolecules
A Numerical Approach to the Kinematic Analysis of Deployable Structures forming a Closed Loop
Pellegrino, Sergio
A Numerical Approach to the Kinematic Analysis of Deployable Structures forming a Closed Loop W This paper is concerned with the kinematics of deployable structures, based on the concept of a mechanical, CB2 1PZ, UK. pellegrino@eng.cam.ac.uk March 20, 2006 Keywords: Deployable structures, kinematic
Sampling-Based Motion Planning under Kinematic Loop-Closure Constraints
Cortés, Juan
). Complex articulated mechanisms with closed kinematic chains appear in all the domains where motion- ple closed kinematic chains. biology for the structural analysis of protein loops. All. Basically, motion constraints are due to the kinematic structure of the mechanism and to collision avoid
One-loop Single Real Emission Contributions to Inclusive Higgs Production at NNNLO
William B. Kilgore
2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z
I discuss the contributions of the one-loop single-real-emission amplitudes, $gg\\to H g$, $qg\\to H q$, etc. to inclusive Higgs boson production through next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order in the strong coupling.
Complete electroweak one-loop radiative corrections to top-pair production at TESLA -- a comparison
J. Fleischer; T. Hahn; W. Hollik; T. Riemann; C. Schappacher; A. Werthenbach
2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
Electroweak one-loop radiative corrections to the process e^+ e^- -> t tbar are revisited. Two groups from Karlsruhe and Bielefeld/Zeuthen performed independent calculations of both (virtual and soft) QED contributions and weak virtual corrections. For the angular distribution an agreement of at least eight digits for the weak corrections and of at least seven digits for additional photonic corrections is established.
Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini
Nemat-Nasser, Sia
Vacancy clustering and prismatic dislocation loop formation in aluminum Vikram Gavini Department of atoms to address this problem in aluminum. Our results show that there is a cascade of larger and larger, calculations for aluminum using quan- tum mechanical density-functional theory [9, 10] show that di
Three-loop free energy for high-temperature QED and QCD with fermions
Arnold, P. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Zhai, C. (Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States))
1995-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the free energy density for gauge theories, with fermions, at high temperature and zero chemical potential. Specifically, we analytically compute the free energy through [ital O]([ital g][sup 4]), which requires the evaluation of three-loop diagrams. This computation extends our previous result for pure gauge QCD.
Guan, W.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The impacts of the water loop management on the heating and cooling energy consumption are investigated by using model simulation. The simulation results show that the total thermal energy consumption can be increased by 24% for a typical AHU in San...
On the Optimality of Allen and Kennedy's Algorithm for Parallelism Extraction in Nested Loops
Vivien, Frédéric
On the Optimality of Allen and Kennedy's Algorithm for Parallelism Extraction in Nested Loops Alain is that Allen and Kennedy's algorithm is optimal when dependences are approximated by dependence levels and Kennedy's algorithm, as long as dependence level is the only information available. 1 Introduction Many
On the optimality of Allen and Kennedy's algorithm for parallelism extraction in nested loops
Vivien, Frédéric
On the optimality of Allen and Kennedy's algorithm for parallelism extraction in nested loops Alain. The result of this paper is that Allen and Kennedy's algorithm is optimal when dependences are approximated found by Allen and Kennedy's algorithm, as long as dependence level is the only information available
Theoretical and Experimental Dissection of DNA Loop-Mediated Repression James Q. Boedicker,1
Phillips, Rob
of such models. We dissect gene regulation through DNA looping by tuning network parameters such as repressor as the macro- molecular pipeline linking the critical genetic information hidden within DNA sequences framework for transcriptional regulation [810], including in the analysis of gene regulation with DNA
APS/CopyNumber Theoretical and experimental dissection of DNA loop-mediated repression
Phillips, Rob
regulation through DNA looping by tuning network parameters such as repressor copy number, DNA binding of the central dogma serve as the macro- molecular pipeline linking the critical genetic information hidden". These models have been widely used as a quantitative frame- work to describe transcriptional regulation
New Loops! MiTeGen* 50MicroMountsTM consist of a thin microfabricated
Meagher, Mary
New Loops! MiTeGen* 50µMicroMountsTM consist of a thin microfabricated polyimide film attached to a solid non-magnetic stainless steel pin. The film is polyimide, which is used in Kapton® tape and is employed for X- ray transparent windows on X-ray beam lines. The film is curved by wrapping polyimide film
Annan, Carl Ashie
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
. This work proposes a neural network approach to quantify the degree of stiction in a valve once the phenomenon has been detected. Several degrees of stiction are simulated in a closed loop control system by specifying the magnitude of static (fs) and dynamic...
Helicoids, Wrinkles, and Loops in Twisted Ribbons Julien Chopin* and Arshad Kudrolli
Kudrolli, Arshad
subject to twist under tension and develop an integrated phase diagram of the observed shapes and transitions. We find that the primary buckling mode switches from being localized longitudinally along loop formation has been shown using numerical simulations [1315]. In the case where the rib- bon
The Universal Central Extension of the Three-point sl_2 Loop Algebra
Georgia Benkart; Paul Terwilliger
2005-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
We give a presentation of the universal central extension of the three-point loop algebra L over sl_2 by generators and relations. Our presentation arises from the realization of L as the tetrahedron Lie algebra and leads to connections between the universal central extension and the Onsager Lie algebra. Symmetry under the alternating group A_4 features prominently in this work.
Transverse oscillations in solar coronal loops induced by propagating Alfvenic pulses
Luca Del Zanna; Eveline Schaekens; Marco Velli
2004-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The propagation and the evolution of Alfvenic pulses in the solar coronal arcades is investigated by means of MHD numerical simulations. Significant transverse oscillations in coronal loops, triggered by nearby flare events, are often measured in EUV lines and are generally interpreted as standing kink modes. However, the damping times of these oscillations are typically very short (from one to a few periods) and the physical mechanism responsible for the decay is still a matter of debate. Moreover, the majority of the observed cases actually appears to be better modeled by propagating, rather than standing, modes. Here we perform 2.5-D compressible MHD simulations of impulsively generated Alfven waves propagating in a potential magnetic arcade (assumed as a simplified 2-D loop model), taking into account the stratification of the solar atmosphere with height from the photosphere to the corona. The results show a strong spreading of the initially localized pulses along the loop, due to the variations in the Alfven velocity with height, and correspondingly an efficient damping of the amplitude of the oscillations. We believe that simple explanations based on the effects of wave propagation in highly inhomogeneous media may apply to the majority of the reported cases, and that variations of the background density and Alfven speed along the loop should be considered as key ingredients in future models.
Catastrophic cooling and highspeed downflow in quiescent solar coronal loops observed with TRACE zx
Schrijver, Karel
is no more than 80 m/s 2 , less than 1/3rd of the surface gravity. Cooling appears to progress with delaysCatastrophic cooling and highÂspeed downflow in quiescent solar coronal loops observed with TRACE Region and Coronal Explorer, TRACE , show frequent catastrophic cooling and evacuation of quiescent solar
Natural circulation loop using liquid nitrogen for cryo-detection system
Choi, Yeon Suk [Korea Basic Science Institute, 169-148 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
The natural circulation loop is designed for the cryogenic insert in a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer. Sensitivity is the key parameter of a FTICR mass spectrometer and the cryo-cooling of the pre-amplifier can reduce the thermal noise level and thereby improve the signal-to-noise ratio. The pre-amplifier consisted of non-magnetic materials is thermally connected to the cooling loop which is passing through the flange maintaining ultra-high vacuum in the ion cell. The liquid nitrogen passes through inside of the loop to cool the pre-amplifier indirectly. At the end, a cryocooler is located to re-condense nitrogen vapor generated due to the heat from the pre-amplifier. The circulating fluid removes heat from the pre-amplifier and transports it to the cryocooler or heat sink. In this paper the natural circulation loop for cryogenic pre-amplifier is introduced for improving the sensitivity of cryo-detector. In addition, the initial cool-down of the system by a cryocooler is presented and the temperature of the radiation shield is discussed with respect to the thickness of shield and the thermal radiation load.
Understanding operational regimes of closed loop pulsating heat pipes: an experimental study
Khandekar, Sameer
Understanding operational regimes of closed loop pulsating heat pipes: an experimental study Sameer are proven solutions for modern microelectronics thermal management. In this context, heat pipe research is being continuously pursued evolving newer solutions to suit present requirements. Pulsating heat pipes
Retrodirective phase-lock loop controlled phased array antenna for a solar power satellite system
Kokel, Samuel John
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
was performed using a transceiver converting a pair of received 2.9 GHz signals down to 10 MHz, and up converting two 10 MHz signals to 5.8 GHz. Phase scaling and conjugation was performed at the 10 MHz IF using linear XOR phase detectors and a PLL loop...
Ganther, Jr., Kenneth R. (Olathe, KS); Snapp, Lowell D. (Independence, MO)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Architecture for frequency multiplexing multiple flux locked loops in a system comprising an array of DC SQUID sensors. The architecture involves dividing the traditional flux locked loop into multiple unshared components and a single shared component which, in operation, form a complete flux locked loop relative to each DC SQUID sensor. Each unshared flux locked loop component operates on a different flux modulation frequency. The architecture of the present invention allows a reduction from 2N to N+1 in the number of connections between the cryogenic DC SQUID sensors and their associated room temperature flux locked loops. Furthermore, the 1.times.N architecture of the present invention can be paralleled to form an M.times.N array architecture without increasing the required number of flux modulation frequencies.
Strategic Need for Multi-Purpose Thermal Hydraulic Loop for Support of Advanced Reactor Technologies
James E. O'Brien; Piyush Sabharwall; Su-Jong Yoon; Gregory K. Housley
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents a conceptual design for a new high-temperature multi fluid, multi loop test facility for the INL to support thermal hydraulic, materials, and thermal energy storage research for nuclear and nuclear-hybrid applications. In its initial configuration, the facility will include a high-temperature helium loop, a liquid salt loop, and a hot water/steam loop. The three loops will be thermally coupled through an intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) and a secondary heat exchanger (SHX). Research topics to be addressed with this facility include the characterization and performance evaluation of candidate compact heat exchangers such as printed circuit heat exchangers (PCHEs) at prototypical operating conditions, flow and heat transfer issues related to core thermal hydraulics in advanced helium-cooled and salt-cooled reactors, and evaluation of corrosion behavior of new cladding materials and accident-tolerant fuels for LWRs at prototypical conditions. Based on its relevance to advanced reactor systems, the new facility has been named the Advanced Reactor Technology Integral System Test (ARTIST) facility. Research performed in this facility will advance the state of the art and technology readiness level of high temperature intermediate heat exchangers (IHXs) for nuclear applications while establishing the INL as a center of excellence for the development and certification of this technology. The thermal energy storage capability will support research and demonstration activities related to process heat delivery for a variety of hybrid energy systems and grid stabilization strategies. Experimental results obtained from this research will assist in development of reliable predictive models for thermal hydraulic design and safety codes over the range of expected advanced reactor operating conditions. Proposed/existing IHX heat transfer and friction correlations and criteria will be assessed with information on materials compatibility and instrumentation needs. The experimental database will guide development of appropriate predictive methods and be available for code verification and validation (V&V) related to these systems.
Evolution of the Loop-Top Source of Solar Flares--Heating and Cooling Processes
Yan Wei Jiang; Siming Liu; Wei Liu; Vahe Petrosian
2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
We present a study of the spatial and spectral evolution of the loop-top (LT) sources in a sample of 6 flares near the solar limb observed by {\\it RHESSI}. A distinct coronal source, which we identify as the LT source, was seen in each of these flares from the early ``pre-heating'' phase through the late decay phase. Spectral analyses reveal an evident steep power-law component in the pre-heating and impulsive phases, suggesting that the particle acceleration starts upon the onset of the flares. In the late decay phase the LT source has a thermal spectrum and appears to be confined within a small region near the top of the flare loop, and does not spread throughout the loop, as is observed at lower energies. The total energy of this source decreases usually faster than expected from the radiative cooling but much slower than that due to the classical Spitzer conductive cooling along the flare loop. These results indicate the presence of a distinct LT region, where the thermal conductivity is suppressed significantly and/or there is a continuous energy input. We suggest that plasma wave turbulence could play important roles in both heating the plasma and suppressing the conduction during the decay phase of solar flares. With a simple quasi-steady loop model we show that the energy input in the gradual phase can be comparable to that in the impulsive phase and demonstrate how the observed cooling and confinement of the LT source can be used to constrain the wave-particle interaction.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Bureau of Land Management is preparing, with DOE’s Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as a cooperating agency, an EIS that evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct a 230-kV transmission line in Washington State. BPA’s proposed action is to interconnect the proposed transmission line to an existing BPA substation.
Dismantling of Loop-Type Channel Equipment of MR Reactor in NRC 'Kurchatov Institute' - 13040
Volkov, Victor; Danilovich, Alexey; Zverkov, Yuri; Ivanov, Oleg; Kolyadin, Vyacheslav; Lemus, Alexey; Pavlenko, Vitaly; Semenov, Sergey; Fadin, Sergey; Shisha, Anatoly; Chesnokov, Alexander [National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation)] [National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 2009 the project of decommissioning of MR and RTF reactors was developed and approved by the Expert Authority of the Russian Federation (Gosexpertiza). The main objective of the decommissioning works identified in this project: - complete dismantling of reactor equipment and systems; - decontamination of reactor premises and site in accordance with the established sanitary and hygienic standards. At the preparatory stage (2008-2010) of the project the following works were executed: loop-type channels' dismantling in the storage pool; experimental fuel assemblies' removal from spent fuel repositories in the central hall; spent fuel assembly removal from the liquid-metal-cooled loop-type channel of the reactor core and its placement into the SNF repository; and reconstruction of engineering support systems to the extent necessary for reactor decommissioning. The project assumes three main phases of dismantling and decontamination: - dismantling of equipment/pipelines of cooling circuits and loop-type channels, and auxiliary reactor equipment (2011-2012); - dismantling of equipment in underground reactor premises and of both MR and RTF in-vessel devices (2013-2014); - decontamination of reactor premises; rehabilitation of the reactor site; final radiation survey of reactor premises, loop-type channels and site; and issuance of the regulatory authorities' de-registration statement (2015). In 2011 the decommissioning license for the two reactors was received and direct MR decommissioning activities started. MR primary pipelines and loop-type facilities situated in the underground reactor hall were dismantled. Works were also launched to dismantle the loop-type channels' equipment in underground reactor premises; reactor buildings were reconstructed to allow removal of dismantled equipment; and the MR/RTF decommissioning sequence was identified. In autumn 2011 - spring 2012 results of dismantling activities performed are: - equipment from underground rooms (No. 66, 66A, 66B, 72, 64, 63) - as well as from water and gas loop corridors - was dismantled, with the total radwaste weight of 53 tons and the total removed activity of 5,0 x 10{sup 10} Bq; - loop-type channel equipment from underground reactor hall premises was dismantled; - 93 loop-type channels were characterized, chopped and removed, with radwaste of 2.6 x 10{sup 13} Bq ({sup 60}Co) and 1.5 x 10{sup 13} Bq ({sup 137}Cs) total activity removed from the reactor pool, fragmented and packaged. Some of this waste was placed into the high-level waste (HLW) repository of the Center. Dismantling works were executed with application of remotely operated mechanisms, which promoted decrease of radiation impact on the personnel. The average individual dose for the personnel was 1.9 mSv/year in 2011, and the collective dose is estimated as 0.0605 man x Sv/year. (authors)
Analytic Result for the Two-loop Six-point NMHV Amplitude in N = 4 Super Yang-Mills Theory
Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC; Drummond, James M.; /CERN /Annecy, LAPTH; Henn, Johannes M.; /Humboldt U., Berlin /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study
2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a simple analytic formula for the two-loop six-point ratio function of planar N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory. This result extends the analytic knowledge of multi-loop six-point amplitudes beyond those with maximal helicity violation. We make a natural ansatz for the symbols of the relevant functions appearing in the two-loop amplitude, and impose various consistency conditions, including symmetry, the absence of spurious poles, the correct collinear behavior, and agreement with the operator product expansion for light-like (super) Wilson loops. This information reduces the ansatz to a small number of relatively simple functions. In order to fix these parameters uniquely, we utilize an explicit representation of the amplitude in terms of loop integrals that can be evaluated analytically in various kinematic limits. The final compact analytic result is expressed in terms of classical polylogarithms, whose arguments are rational functions of the dual conformal cross-ratios, plus precisely two functions that are not of this type. One of the functions, the loop integral {Omega}{sup (2)}, also plays a key role in a new representation of the remainder function R{sub 6}{sup (2)} in the maximally helicity violating sector. Another interesting feature at two loops is the appearance of a new (parity odd) x (parity odd) sector of the amplitude, which is absent at one loop, and which is uniquely determined in a natural way in terms of the more familiar (parity even) x (parity even) part. The second non-polylogarithmic function, the loop integral {tilde {Omega}}{sup (2)}, characterizes this sector. Both {Omega}{sup (2)} and {tilde {Omega}}{sup (2)} can be expressed as one-dimensional integrals over classical polylogarithms with rational arguments.
Dynamical quark loop light-by-light contribution to muon g-2 within the nonlocal chiral quark model
A. E. Dorokhov; A. E. Radzhabov; A. S. Zhevlakov
2015-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
The hadronic corrections to the muon anomalous magnetic moment a_mu, due to the gauge-invariant set of diagrams with dynamical quark loop light-by-light scattering insertions, are calculated in the framework of the nonlocal chiral quark model. These results complete calculations of all hadronic light-by-light scattering contributions to a_mu in the leading order in the 1/Nc expansion. The result for the quark loop contribution is a_mu^{HLbL,Loop}=(11.0+-0.9)*10^(-10), and the total result is a_mu^{HLbL,NxQM}=(16.8+-1.2)*10^(-10).
Two-loop Jet-Function and Jet-Mass for Top Quarks
Ambar Jain; Ignazio Scimemi; Iain W. Stewart
2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the two-loop heavy quark jet-function in the heavy quark limit. This is one of the key ingredients in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) and next-to-next-to-leading-log order (NNLL) computations of the invariant mass distribution of top-jets at a future e+e- collider. The shape of the top invariant mass distribution is affected by large logs which we compute at NNLL order. Exploiting the non-abelian exponentiation theorem, a definition of the top jet-mass is given which is transitive and whose renormalization group evolution is determined by the cusp-anomalous dimension to all orders in perturbation theory. Relations of the jet-mass to the pole, MSbar, and 1S masses are presented at two-loop order.
Package-X: A Mathematica package for the analytic calculation of one-loop integrals
Hiren H. Patel
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Package-X, a Mathematica package for the analytic computation of one-loop integrals dimensionally regulated near 4 spacetime dimensions is described. Package-X computes arbitrarily high rank tensor integrals with up to three propagators, and gives compact expressions of UV divergent, IR divergent, and finite parts for any kinematic configuration involving real-valued external invariants and internal masses. Output expressions can be readily evaluated numerically and manipulated symbolically with built-in Mathematica functions. Emphasis is on evaluation speed, on readability of results, and especially on user-friendliness. Also included is a routine to compute traces of products of Dirac matrices, and a collection of projectors to facilitate the computation of fermion form factors at one-loop. The package is intended to be used both as a research tool and as an educational tool.
Explicit solutions for effective four- and five-loop QCD running coupling
Gorazd Cveti?; Igor Kondrashuk
2011-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
We start with the explicit solution, in terms of the Lambert W function, of the renormalization group equation (RGE) for the gauge coupling in the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory described by the well-known beta function of Novikov et al.(NSVZ). We then construct a class of beta functions for which the RGE can be solved in terms of the Lambert W function. These beta functions are expressed in terms of a function which is a truncated Laurent series in the inverse of the gauge coupling. The parameters in the Laurent series can be adjusted so that the first coefficients of the Taylor expansion of the beta function in the gauge coupling reproduce the four-loop or five-loop QCD (or SQCD) beta function.
General properties of logarithmically divergent one-loop lattice Feynman integrals
Kim, J; Lee, W
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We prove that logarithmically divergent one-loop lattice Feynman integrals have the general form I(p,a) = f(p)log(aM)+g(p,M) up to terms which vanish for lattice spacing a -> 0. Here p denotes collectively the external momenta and M is an arbitrary mass scale. The f(p) is shown to be universal and to coincide with the analogous quantity in the corresponding continuum integral (regularized, e.g., by momentum cut-off). This is essential for universality of the lattice QCD beta-function and anomalous dimensions of renormalized lattice operators at one loop. The result and argument presented here are simplified versions of ones given in arXiv:0709.0781. A noteworthy feature of the argument here is that it does not involve Taylor expansion in external momenta, hence infra-red divergences associated with that expansion do not arise.
Probing deconfinement in a chiral effective model with Polyakov loop at imaginary chemical potential
Morita, Kenji [GSI, Helmholzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Skokov, Vladimir; Friman, Bengt [GSI, Helmholzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Redlich, Krzysztof [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, PL-50204 Wroclaw (Poland); Extreme Matter Institute EMMI, GSI, Planckstr. 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)
2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The phase structure of the two-flavor Polyakov-loop extended Nambu-Jona-Lashinio model is explored at finite temperature and imaginary chemical potential with a particular emphasis on the confinement-deconfinement transition. We point out that the confined phase is characterized by a cos3{mu}{sub I}/T dependence of the chiral condensate on the imaginary chemical potential while in the deconfined phase this dependence is given by cos{mu}{sub I}/T and accompanied by a cusp structure induced by the Z(3) transition. We demonstrate that the phase structure of the model strongly depends on the choice of the Polyakov loop potential U. Furthermore, we find that by changing the four fermion coupling constant G{sub s}, the location of the critical end point of the deconfinement transition can be moved into the real chemical potential region. We propose a new parameter characterizing the confinement-deconfinement transition.
Effective potential for Polyakov loops from a center symmetric effective theory in three dimensions
Dominik Smith
2012-07-04T23:59:59.000Z
We present lattice simulations of a center symmetric dimensionally reduced effective field theory for SU(2) Yang Mills which employ thermal Wilson lines and three-dimensional magnetic fields as fundamental degrees of freedom. The action is composed of a gauge invariant kinetic term, spatial gauge fields and a potential for the Wilson line which includes a "fuzzy" bag term to generate non-perturbative fluctuations. The effective potential for the Polyakov loop is extracted from the simulations including all modes of the loop as well as for cooled configuration where the hard modes have been averaged out. The former is found to exhibit a non-analytic contribution while the latter can be described by a mean-field like ansatz with quadratic and quartic terms, plus a Vandermonde potential which depends upon the location within the phase diagram.
Periods and damping rates of fast sausage oscillations in multi-shelled coronal loops
Chen, Shao-Xia; Xia, Li-Dong; Yu, Hui
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Standing sausage modes are important in interpreting quasi-periodic pulsations in the lightcurves of solar flares. Their periods and damping times play an important role in seismologically diagnosing key parameters like the magnetic field strength in regions where flare energy is released. Usually such applications are based on theoretical results neglecting unresolved fine structures in magnetized loops. However, the existence of fine structuring is suggested on both theoretical and observational grounds. Adopting the framework of cold magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), we model coronal loops as magnetized cylinders with a transverse equilibrium density profile comprising a monolithic part and a modulation due to fine structuring in the form of concentric shells. The equation governing the transverse velocity perturbation is solved with an initial-value-problem approach, and the effects of fine structuring on the periods $P$ and damping times $\\tau$ of global, leaky, standing sausage modes are examined. A parameter...
Membrane loop process for separating carbon dioxide for use in gaseous form from flue gas
Wijmans, Johannes G; Baker, Richard W; Merkel, Timothy C
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
The invention is a process involving membrane-based gas separation for separating and recovering carbon dioxide emissions from combustion processes in partially concentrated form, and then transporting the carbon dioxide and using or storing it in a confined manner without concentrating it to high purity. The process of the invention involves building up the concentration of carbon dioxide in a gas flow loop between the combustion step and a membrane separation step. A portion of the carbon dioxide-enriched gas can then be withdrawn from this loop and transported, without the need to liquefy the gas or otherwise create a high-purity stream, to a destination where it is used or confined, preferably in an environmentally benign manner.
Innovative Waste Management in the Mercury Loop of the EURISOL Multi-MW Converter Target
PSI: Jörg Neuhausen, Dorothea Schumann, Rugard Dressler, Susanne Horn, Sabrina Lu?thi, Stephan Heinitz, Suresh ChirikiCERN: Thierry Stora, Martin Eller
The choice of mercury as target material imposes various questions concerning the safe operation of such a system that are related to the physical and chemical properties of the target material itself and the nuclear reaction products produced within the target during its life time of several decades. Therefore, a subtask was created within the EURISOL-DS project that is concerned with studying an innovative waste management for the generated radioactivity by chemical means. Such a study strongly depends on the radioactive inventory and its distribution throughout the target and loop system. Radioactive inventory calculations were performed within task 5 [6]. The distribution of nuclear reaction products and their chemical state that can be expected within the target and loop system is one of the topics covered in this report. Based on the results obtained by theoretical studies as well as laboratory scale experiments, the feasibility of waste reduction using chemical methods, both conventional (e.g. leaching...
Two-loop additive mass renormalization with clover fermions and Symanzik improved gluons
A. Skouroupathis; M. Constantinou; H. Panagopoulos
2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the critical value of the hopping parameter, $\\kappa_c$, in Lattice QCD, up to two loops in perturbation theory. We employ the Sheikholeslami-Wohlert (clover) improved action for fermions and the Symanzik improved gluon action with 4- and 6-link loops. The quantity which we study is a typical case of a vacuum expectation value resulting in an additive renormalization; as such, it is characterized by a power (linear) divergence in the lattice spacing, and its calculation lies at the limits of applicability of perturbation theory. Our results are polynomial in $c_{SW}$ (clover parameter) and cover a wide range of values for the Symanzik coefficients $c_i$. The dependence on the number of colors N and the number of fermion flavors $N_f$ is shown explicitly. In order to compare our results to non perturbative evaluations of $\\kappa_c$ coming from Monte Carlo simulations, we employ an improved perturbation theory method for improved actions.
Andrea Costa; Rafael Gonzalez
2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
We study the modes and stability of non - isothermal coronal loop models with different intensity values of the equilibrium magnetic field. We use an energy principle obtained via non - equilibrium thermodynamic arguments. The principle is expressed in terms of Hermitian operators and allow to consider together the coupled system of equations: the balance of energy equation and the equation of motion. We determine modes characterized as long - wavelength disturbances that are present in inhomogeneous media. This character of the system introduces additional difficulties for the stability analysis because the inhomogeneous nature of the medium determines the structure of the disturbance, which is no longer sinusoidal. Moreover, another complication is that we obtain a continuous spectrum of stable modes in addition to the discrete one. We obtain a unique unstable mode with a characteristic time that is comparable with the characteristic life-time observed for loops. The feasibility of wave-based and flow-based models is examined.
The Structure of n-Point One-Loop Open Superstring Amplitudes
Carlos R. Mafra; Oliver Schlotterer
2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we present the worldsheet integrand for one-loop amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric superstring theory involving any number n of massless open string states. The polarization dependence is organized into the same BRST invariant kinematic combinations which also govern the leading string correction to tree level amplitudes. The dimensions of the bases for both the kinematics and the associated worldsheet integrals is found to be the unsigned Stirling number S_3^{n-1} of first kind. We explain why the same combinatorial structures govern on the one hand finite one-loop amplitudes of equal helicity states in pure Yang Mills theory and on the other hand the color tensors at quadratic alpha prime order of the color dressed tree amplitude.
Package-X: A Mathematica package for the analytic calculation of one-loop integrals
Hiren H. Patel
2015-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Package-X, a Mathematica package for the analytic computation of one-loop integrals dimensionally regulated near 4 spacetime dimensions is described. Package-X computes arbitrarily high rank tensor integrals with up to three propagators, and gives compact expressions of UV divergent, IR divergent, and finite parts for any kinematic configuration involving real-valued external invariants and internal masses. Output expressions can be readily evaluated numerically and manipulated symbolically with built-in Mathematica functions. Emphasis is on evaluation speed, on readability of results, and especially on user-friendliness. Also included is a routine to compute traces of products of Dirac matrices, and a collection of projectors to facilitate the computation of fermion form factors at one-loop. The package is intended to be used both as a research tool and as an educational tool.
A Mathematica Package for Calculation of One-Loop Penguins in FCNC Processes
A. V. Bednyakov; S. H. Tanyildizi
2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we present a Mathematica package Peng4BSM@LO which calculates the contributions to the Wilson Coefficients of certain effective operators originating from the one-loop penguin Feynman diagrams. Both vector and scalar external legs are considered. The key feature of our package is the ability to find the corresponding expressions in almost any New Physics model which extends the SM and has no flavour changing neutral current (FCNC) transitions at the tree level.
Three-Loop Contributions to the Gluonic Massive Operator Matrix Elements at General Values of N
J. Ablinger; J. Blümlein; A. De Freitas; A. Hasselhuhn; S. Klein; C. Raab; M. Round; C. Schneider; F. Wi\\ssbrock
2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z
Recent results on the calculation of 3-loop massive operator matrix elements in case of one and two heavy quark masses are reported. They concern the $O(n_f T_F^2 C_{F,A})$ and $O(T_F^2 C_{F,A})$ gluonic corrections, two-mass quarkonic moments, and ladder- and Benz-topologies. We also discuss technical aspects of the calculations.
Three-loop HTLpt thermodynamics at finite temperature and chemical potential
Bandyopadhyay, Aritra; Mustafa, Munshi G; Strickland, Michael; Su, Nan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this proceedings we present a state-of-the-art method of calculating thermodynamic potential at finite temperature and finite chemical potential, using Hard Thermal Loop perturbation theory (HTLpt) up to next-to-next-leading-order (NNLO). The resulting thermodynamic potential enables us to evaluate different thermodynamic quantities including pressure and various quark number susceptibilities (QNS). Comparison between our analytic results for those thermodynamic quantities with the available lattice data shows a good agreement.
Heavy Quark Anti-Quark Free Energy and the Renormalized Polyakov Loop
Kaczmarek, O; Petreczky, P; Zantow, F
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the colour averaged and colour singlet free energies of static quark anti-quark sources placed in a thermal gluonic heat bath. We discuss the renormalization of these free energies using the short distance properties of the zero temperature heavy quark potential. This leads to the definition of the renormalized Polyakov loop as an order parameter for the deconfinement phase transition of the SU(3) gauge theory which is well behaved in the continuum limit.
Lorentz symmetry breaking in the noncommutative Wess-Zumino model: One loop corrections
Ferrari, A.F.; Gomes, M.; Girotti, H.O. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo - SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, 91501-970 - Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)
2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we deal with the issue of Lorentz symmetry breaking in quantum field theories formulated in a noncommutative space-time. We show that, unlike in some recent analysis of quantum gravity effects, supersymmetry does not protect the theory from the large Lorentz-violating effects arising from the loop corrections. We take advantage of the noncommutative Wess-Zumino model to illustrate this point.
Chen, Q.
simulation models for chilled water and heating hot water distribution systems. The simulation model was used in a $2.3 million Ross Street chilled water pipe replacement project at Texas A&M University. A second project conducted at the University... of Texas at San Antonio was used as an example to demonstrate how to identify and design an optimal distribution system by using a simulation model. The author found that the minor losses of these closed loop thermal distribution systems...
One-loop fluctuation-dissipation formula for bubble-wall velocity
Arnold, P. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1993-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The limiting bubble-wall velocity during a first-order electroweak phase transition is of interest in scenarios for electroweak baryogenesis. Khlebnikov has recently proposed an interesting method for computing this velocity based on the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. I demonstrate that at one-loop order this method is identical to simple, earlier techniques for computing the wall velocity based on computing the friction from particles reflecting off or transmitting through the wall in the ideal gas ( thin-wall'') limit.
Case study of Chilled Water Loop Low Delta-T Fault Diagnosis
Wang, L.; Meline, K.; Watt, J.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
verification, degraded performance ESL-IC-14-09-12 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 ...Case Study of Chilled Water Loop Low DT Fault Diagnosis Presented by Lei Wang Ph.D. P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University System Sep. 15, 2014 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 1 ESL-IC-14-09-12a Proceedings of the 14th International...
The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems
Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.
1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Commercial buildings often have extensive periods where one space needs cooling and another heating. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If a building's heating and cooling system could be integrated with the building's structural mass such that the mass can be used to collect, store, and deliver energy, significant energy might be saved. Computer models were developed to simulate this interaction for an existing office building in Seattle, Washington that has a decentralized water-source heat pump system. Metered data available for the building was used to calibrate a base'' building model (i.e., nonintegrated) prior to simulation of the integrated system. In the simulated integration strategy a secondary water loop was manifolded to the main HVAC hydronic loop. tubing in this loop was embedded in the building's concrete floor slabs. Water was routed to this loop by a controller to charge or discharge thermal energy to and from the slabs. The slabs were also in thermal communication with the conditioned spaces. Parametric studies of the building model, using weather data for five other cities in addition to Seattle, predicted that energy can be saved on cooling dominated days. On hot, dry days and during the night the cooling tower can beneficially be used as a free cooling'' source for thermally charging'' the floor slabs using cooled water. Through the development of an adaptive/predictive control strategy, annual HVAC energy savings as large as 30% appear to be possible in certain climates. 8 refs., 13 figs.
Homotopy Operators and One-Loop Vacuum Energy at the Tachyon Vacuum
Shoko Inatomi; Isao Kishimoto; Tomohiko Takahashi
2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
We construct the homotopy operators for the BRST operator in the theory around the identity-based solutions, which are believed to represent the tachyon vacuum in cubic bosonic open string field theory. Using the homotopy operators, we find that the one-loop vacuum energy at the tachyon vacuum is independent of moduli such as interbrane distances, which are included in the BRST operator. We also revisit the cohomology problem, which was solved earlier without the homotopy operators.
Two-loop electroweak vertex corrections for polarized M{\\o}ller scattering
Aleksejevs, A G; Bystritskiy, Yu M; Kuraev, E A; Zykunov, V A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The contributions to the electron-electron-photon vertex of two-loop electroweak corrections are calculated. The relative correction to the parity-violating asymmetry of M{\\o}ller scattering for the case of 11 GeV electron scattered off the electron at rest is found to be about -0.0034 and should be taken into account at future experiment MOLLER at JLab.
SecDec-3.0: numerical evaluation of multi-scale integrals beyond one loop
S. Borowka; G. Heinrich; S. P. Jones; M. Kerner; J. Schlenk; T. Zirke
2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
SecDec is a program which can be used for the factorization of dimensionally regulated poles from parametric integrals, in particular multi-loop integrals, and the subsequent numerical evaluation of the finite coefficients. Here we present version 3.0 of the program, which has major improvements compared to version 2: it is faster, contains new decomposition strategies, an improved user interface and various other new features which extend the range of applicability.
A UWB CMOS 0.13m Low-Noise Amplifier with Dual Loop Negative Feedback
Serdijn, Wouter A.
,rrovatti@arces.unibo.it Abstract-- A Low-Noise Amplifier for ultra wide band (UWB) applications is presented. The use of a dual for low-noise amplifier (LNA) design. Since the LNA is the first active component close to the antennaA UWB CMOS 0.13m Low-Noise Amplifier with Dual Loop Negative Feedback Luca Antonio De Michele ARCES
SHOCK SPEED, COSMIC RAY PRESSURE, AND GAS TEMPERATURE IN THE CYGNUS LOOP
Salvesen, Greg; Raymond, John C.; Edgar, Richard J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)], E-mail: salvesen@head.cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: jraymond@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: edgar@head.cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: salvesen@umich.edu
2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Upper limits on the shock speeds in supernova remnants can be combined with post-shock temperatures to obtain upper limits on the ratio of cosmic ray to gas pressure (P {sub CR}/P{sub G} ) behind the shocks. We constrain shock speeds from proper motions and distance estimates, and we derive temperatures from X-ray spectra. The shock waves are observed as faint H{alpha} filaments stretching around the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant in two epochs of the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS) separated by 39.1 years. We measured proper motions of 18 nonradiative filaments and derived shock velocity limits based on a limit to the Cygnus Loop distance of 576 {+-} 61 pc given by Blair et al. for a background star. The Position Sensitive Proportional Counter (PSPC) instrument on-board ROSAT observed the X-ray emission of the post-shock gas along the perimeter of the Cygnus Loop, and we measure post-shock electron temperature from spectral fits. Proper motions range from 2.''7 to 5.''4 over the POSS epochs and post-shock temperatures range from kT {approx} 100-200 eV. Our analysis suggests a cosmic ray to post-shock gas pressure consistent with zero, and in some positions P {sub CR} is formally smaller than zero. We conclude that the distance to the Cygnus Loop is close to the upper limit given by the distance to the background star and that either the electron temperatures are lower than those measured from ROSAT PSPC X-ray spectral fits or an additional heat input for the electrons, possibly due to thermal conduction, is required.
SHEAR PHOTOSPHERIC FORCING AND THE ORIGIN OF TURBULENCE IN CORONAL LOOPS
Rappazzo, A. F. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Velli, M. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Einaudi, G., E-mail: rappazzo@iac.e [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. Fermi', Universita di Pisa, 56127 Pisa (Italy)
2010-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present a series of numerical simulations aimed at understanding the nature and origin of turbulence in coronal loops in the framework of the Parker model for coronal heating. A coronal loop is studied via reduced magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations in Cartesian geometry. A uniform and strong magnetic field threads the volume between the two photospheric planes, where a velocity field in the form of a one-dimensional shear flow pattern is present. Initially, the magnetic field that develops in the coronal loop is a simple map of the photospheric velocity field. This initial configuration is unstable to a multiple tearing instability that develops islands with X and O points in the plane orthogonal to the axial field. Once the nonlinear stage sets in the system evolution is characterized by a regime of MHD turbulence dominated by magnetic energy. A well-developed power law in energy spectra is observed and the magnetic field never returns to the simple initial state mapping the photospheric flow. The formation of X and O points in the planes orthogonal to the axial field allows the continued and repeated formation and dissipation of small-scale current sheets where the plasma is heated. We conclude that the observed turbulent dynamics are not induced by the complexity of the pattern that the magnetic field-line footpoints follow but they rather stem from the inherent nonlinear nature of the system.
Comparing EFT and Exact One-Loop Analyses of Non-Degenerate Stops
Aleksandra Drozd; John Ellis; Jeremie Quevillon; Tevong You
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a universal approach to the one-loop effective field theory (EFT) using the Covariant Derivative Expansion (CDE) method. We generalise previous results to include broader classes of UV models, showing how expressions previously obtained assuming degenerate heavy-particle masses can be extended to non-degenerate cases. We apply our method to the general MSSM with non-degenerate stop squarks, illustrating our approach with calculations of the coefficients of dimension-6 operators contributing to the $hgg$ and $h\\gamma\\gamma$ couplings, and comparing with exact calculations of one-loop Feynman diagrams. We then use present and projected future sensitivities to these operator coefficients to obtain present and possible future indirect constraints on stop masses. The current sensitivity is already comparable to that of direct LHC searches, and future FCC-ee measurements could be sensitive to stop masses above a TeV. The universality of our one-loop EFT approach facilitates extending these constraints to a broader class of UV models.