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Sample records for frcc hicc mro

  1. Property:EIA/861/NercFrcc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Description: Nerc Frcc Entity conducts business operations within the FRCC region (Y or N) 1 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File...

  2. PRESS HARD YOU ARE MAKING MULTIPLE COPIES B. MRO Name, Address, Phone No. and Fax No.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PRESS HARD - YOU ARE MAKING MULTIPLE COPIES B. MRO Name, Address, Phone No. and Fax No. A. Employer Name, Address, I.D. No. STEP 5A: PRIMARY SPECIMEN REPORT - COMPLETED BY TEST FACILITY NEGATIVE POSITIVE for: Marijuana Metabolite (9-THCA) 6- Acetylmorphine Methamphetamine MDMA REJECTED FOR TESTING ADULTERATED SUBSTITUTED INVALID RESULT PCP Codeine MDEA MDA Amphetamine Morphine DILUTE Cocaine Metabolite (BZE) STEP 5b: COMPLETED BY SPLIT TESTING LABORATORY X (Print) Certifying Scientist's Name

  3. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    A. U.S. Transmission Circuit Outages by Type and NERC region, 2013 Outage Type FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE WECC Contiguous U.S. Circuit Outage Counts Automatic Outages...

  4. net_energy_load_2006.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2006 and Projected 2007 through 2011 (Thousands of Megawatthours and 2006 Base Year) Net Energy For Load (Annual) Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 2006 3,911,914 230,115 222,748 294,319 926,279 1,011,173 201,521 305,672 720,087 Projected Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC

  5. summer_peak_2005.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    a . Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 2005 and Projected 2006 through 2010 (Megawatts and 2005 Base Year) Summer Noncoincident Peak Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 2005 758,876 46,396 39,918 58,960 190,200 190,705 41,727 60,210 130,760 Projected Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP

  6. summer_peak_2006.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    a . Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2006 and Projected 2007 through 2011 (Megawatts and 2006 Base Year) Summer Noncoincident Peak Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 2006 789,475 45,751 42,194 63,241 191,920 199,052 42,882 62,339 142,096 Projected Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC

  7. ,"Table 3B.1. FRCC Monthly Peak Hour Demand, by North American...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...5101.5593,585221.3547,575685.9011,638454.8613 ,"Footnotes and Source" ,"Notes: ... ,"http:www.eia.govcneafelectricitypageeia411eia411.html" ,"* Projected data are updated ...

  8. net_energy_load_2005.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2005 and Projected 2006 through 2010 (Thousands of Megawatthours and 2005 Base Year) Net Energy For Load (Annual) Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 2005 3,900,461 226,544 216,633 303,607 1,005,226 962,054 201,548 299,225 685,624 Projected Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) In 2005 for 2006 3,926,389 232,561 220,006 301,893 992,742

  9. ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2005 and 2006 through 2010 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous U.S." ,,,,,,"FRCC",,,"MRO",,,"NPCC",,,"RFC",,,"SERC",,,"SPP",,,"ERCOT",,,"WECC" " ",,,"Net Internal Demand

  10. ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Summer Historic and Projected Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2008 and 2009 through 2013 " " ","(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous U.S." ,,,,,,"FRCC",,,"MRO

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - Till.ppt

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TVA Inter-Regional Planning Technical Workshop in Support of DOE 2009 Congestion Study March 26, 2009 Chicago David Till - bdtill@tva.gov TVA Interconnections Electric Energy Inc.* SMEPA Entergy* Southern Company* Duke Energy* Progress Energy Carolinas* American Electric Power* East Kentucky Power Cooperative* Louisville Gas & Electric/Kentucky Utilities (E.ON)* TVA Big Rivers Electric Coop Ameren* AECI Batesville Balancing Authority NPCC MRO RFC SPP SERC FRCC Central TVA & CPPP -

  12. summer_nid_cr_cm_2005.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    d Form EIA-411 for 2005 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2007 Table 4. Summer Historic and Projected Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 2005 and 2006 through 2010 (Megawatts and Percent) Projected Year Base Year Summer Eastern Power Grid Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO NPCC RFC Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW)

  13. summer_nid_cr_cm_2006.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    h c Form EIA-411 for 2006 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2008 Table 4. Summer Historic and Projected Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2006 and 2007 throug (Megawatts and Percent) Projected Year Base Year Summer Eastern Power Grid Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO NPCC RFC Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW)

  14. ,"Month","Year","Contiguous U.S.","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3a. January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2005 through 2009 " ,"(Megawatts)",,," " " " ,"Month","Year","Contiguous U.S.","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,,,,"FRCC"," MRO (U.S.)","NPCC (U.S.)","RFC","SERC","SPP","TRE (ERCOT)","WECC

  15. ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 and 2004 through 2008 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous U.S." ,,,,,,"ECAR",,,"FRCC",,,"MAAC",,,"MAIN",,,"MAPP/MRO",,,"NPCC",,,"SERC",,,"SPP",,,"ERCOT",,,"WECC" "

  16. ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 and 2005 through 2009 " ,"(Megawatts and Percent)" ,"Projected Year Base","Year","Summer",,,"Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid",,,"Western Power Grid" ,,,"Contiguous U.S." ,,,,,,"ECAR",,,"FRCC",,,"MAAC",,,"MAIN",,,"MAPP/MRO",,,"NPCC",,,"SERC",,,"SPP",,,"ERCOT",,,"WECC" "

  17. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, " ,"2006 and Projected 2007 through 2011 " ,"(Thousands of Megawatthours and 2006 Base Year)" ,"Net Energy For Load (Annual)",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year Base","Year",,"FRCC","MRO (U.S.) ","NPCC (U.S.)

  18. ,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2005 and Projected 2006 through 2010 " ,"(Megawatts and 2005 Base Year)" ,"Summer Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year Base","Year",,"FRCC","MRO (U.S.) ","NPCC (U.S.) ","RFC","SERC","SPP","ERCOT","WECC (U.S.) "

  19. ,"Table 2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2b. Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, " ,"2008 and Projected 2009 through 2013 " ,"(Megawatts and 2008 Base Year)" ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,"Projected Year Base","Year",,"FRCC"," MRO (U.S.) ","NPCC (U.S.)

  20. ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    d. Historical Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 1990 through 2004 " ,"(Megawatts)" ,"Winter Noncoincident Peak Load",,"Contiguous U.S. ","Eastern Power Grid",,,,,,,,"Texas Power Grid","Western Power Grid" ,,"Year",,"ECAR","FRCC","MAAC","MAIN","MAPP/MRO (U.S.) ","NPCC (U.S.)

  1. Next Update: October 2009

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Released: February 2009 Next Update: October 2009 Table 3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region (Megawatts and 2007 Base Year) Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE (ERCOT) WECC Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) 2007 613,068

  2. Next Update: October 2010

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    January 2010 Next Update: October 2010 Table 3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, (Megawatts and 2008 Base Year) Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE WECC Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) 2008 635,911 41,705 34,462 46,803

  3. monthly_peak_2004.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 1996 through 2004 and Projected 2005 through 2006 (Megawatts and 2004 Base Year) Projected Monthly Base Year Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP/MRO NPCC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour

  4. monthly_peak_2005.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 2005 and Projected 2006 through 2010 (Megawatts and 2005 Base Year) Projected Monthly Base Year Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak

  5. monthly_peak_2006.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2008 Table 3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region 2006 and Projected 2007 through 2011 (Megawatts and 2006 Base Year) Projected Monthly Base Year Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid FRCC MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak

  6. Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + true + Brainerd Public Utilities + true + Brodhead Water & Lighting Comm + true + Brown County Rural Elec Assn + true + Burke-Divide Electric Coop Inc + true + Butler County...

  7. Form EIA-411 2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2011,"US","SUM","FRCC","FRCC","1e","Non-Controllable Demand-Side Demand Response",,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0 2011,"US","SUM","FRCC","FRCC",2,"Total Internal ...

  8. Next Update: October 2009

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    a . Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2007 and Projected 2008 through 2012 (Megawatts and 2007 Base Year) 2007 782,227 46,676 41,684 58,314 181,700 209,109 43,167 62,188 139,389 Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP TRE (ERCOT) WECC (U.S.) 789,915 47,364 41,222 61,779 184,000 204,791 43,800 64,927 142,032 806,672 48,181 43,208 62,647 187,100 209,288 44,784 66,247 145,217 822,889 49,093 44,737 63,399

  9. Next Update: October 2010

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 2b . Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2008 and Projected 2009 through 2013 (Megawatts and 2008 Base Year) 2008/2009 643,557 45,275 36,029 46,043 142,395 179,596 32,809 47,806 113,605 Contiguous U.S. FRCC MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) RFC SERC SPP TRE WECC (U.S.) 642,383 44,446 36,571 47,098 145,800 181,045 32,636 43,463 111,324 651,534 45,099 36,884 47,076 148,000 183,608 33,308 44,463 113,096 664,867 46,140 37,613

  10. net_energy_load_2004.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 and Projected 2005 through 2009 (Thousands of Megawatthours and 2004 Base Year) Net Energy For Load (Annual) Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP/MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 1990 2,886,496 442,507 142,502 221,099 197,326 127,102 250,681 485,205 252,037 209,789 558,248 1991 2,941,669 450,586 146,903 228,588 205,880 129,826 253,701 501,794 257,434 211,568 555,389 1992 2,942,910 450,853

  11. summer_peak_2004.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 and Projected 2005 through 2009 (Megawatts and 2004 Base Year) Summer Noncoincident Peak Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP/MRO (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 1990 546,331 79,258 27,266 42,613 40,740 24,994 44,116 94,677 52,541 42,737 97,389 1991 551,418 81,224 28,818 45,937 41,598 25,498 46,594 95,968 51,885 41,870 92,026 1992 548,707 78,550 30,601 43,658 38,819 22,638 43,658 97,635 51,324

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book: 6.2 Electricity Generation, Transmission, and Distribution

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    9 2009 Peak Load and Capacity Margin, Summer and Winter by NERC Region (MW) NERC Region Capacity Margin Capacity Margin TRE 16.7% 19.1% FRCC 6.0% 2.0% MRO (U.S.) 24.6% 26.8% NPCC (U.S.) 29.1% 43.2% RFC 25.2% 33.3% SERC 24.6% 26.2% SPP 16.4% 34.6% WECC 19.4% 29.6% U.S. TOTAL 22.2% 28.5% Note(s): Source(s): 128,245 109,565 725,958 668,818 1) Summer Demand includes the months of June, July, August, and September. 2) Winter Demand includes December of the previous year and January-March of the

  13. Form EIA-411 for 2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    B.1. FRCC monthly peak hour demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area," "1996-2011 actual, 2012-2013 projected" "megawatts" "FRCC","Year","January",...

  14. monthly_peak_byarea_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    B.1. FRCC Monthly Peak Hour Demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area, 1996-2010 Actual, 2011-2012 Projected (Megawatts) FRCC Year January February ...

  15. Tampa Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for 2010 - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 3 4 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 18454 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location FRCC NERC FRCC Yes...

  16. Next Update: November 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Line DESCRIPTION 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2011 US WIN FRCC ... Line DESCRIPTION 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2011 US WIN FRCC ...

  17. Next Update: November 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Line DESCRIPTION 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2011 US SUM FRCC ... Line DESCRIPTION 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2011 US SUM FRCC ...

  18. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,2010,"US","SUM","FRCC","-","1e","Non-Controllable Demand-Side Demand Response",,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 ,2010,"US","SUM","FRCC","-",2,"Total Internal ...

  19. Worksheet

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,2010,"US","WIN","FRCC","-","1e","Non-Controllable Demand-Side Demand Response",,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 ,2010,"US","WIN","FRCC","-",2,"Total Internal ...

  20. City of Nebraska City, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13334 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying...

  1. Nebraska Public Power District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13337 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

  2. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Montana | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Western Interconnection power grids and is part of two NERC regions - the Midwest Reliability Organization (MRO) and Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC). MRO's...

  3. Y.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... l-s2cT25i j.11 the i;np.i.ler- r:g-;iLn-Led 55 gcr.-10-q 1;-3acl;?ing -;;nk. ... datcrcn-t , TCiZ. <hiCC? *CCSL7.-led 3.':; ;I 1-2?i.E-?r Ol' ma21 pit?CCi? ...

  4. Analysis of the Clean Energy Standard Act of 2012 ...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Module Regions 1 Texas Regional Entity (ERCT) 12 SERC Delta (SRDA) 2 Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (FRCC) 13 SERC Gateway (SRGW) 3 Midwest Reliability...

  5. summer_schedule3_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A.1. FRCC Summer Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Data Year 2010 (Megawatts) Actual Data Year Country Season Area Subarea Line# DESCRIPTION 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2010 US SUM FRCC - 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand 45,722 46,091 46,658 47,446 48,228 49,278 50,036 50,833 51,377 52,186 53,083 2010 US SUM FRCC - 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) - - - - - - - - - - 2010 US SUM FRCC - 1b Estimated Diversity - - - - - - - - - - 2010 US SUM

  6. winter_schedule3_2010.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    B.1. FRCC Winter Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Data Year 2010 (Megawatts) Actual Data Year Country Season Area Subarea Line# DESCRIPTION 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2010 US WIN FRCC - 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand 46,135 47,613 48,276 48,889 49,534 50,148 50,812 51,408 52,088 52,784 53,415 2010 US WIN FRCC - 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) - - - - - - - - - - 2010 US WIN FRCC - 1b Estimated Diversity - - - - - - - - - - 2010 US WIN

  7. Form EIA-411 for 2005

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Table 5j. Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2005 " "Region","FRCC" "Subregion", "Country","U" ,,,,"WINTER" ,,,,"Actual","Projected"

  8. Rushmore Electric Pwr Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility...

  9. Village of Mullen, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 13090 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity...

  10. South Central Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 17548 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article is a stub....

  11. City of Hastings, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 8245 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

  12. Basin Electric Power Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC&MRO NERC MRO Yes NERC SPP Yes NERC WECC Yes RTO SPP Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity...

  13. City of Crete, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Id 4527 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes...

  14. North Central Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13698 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  15. Verendrye Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 19790 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution...

  16. Consumers Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 11788 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes This...

  17. Southeastern Power Admin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Location SERC NERC FRCC Yes NERC SERC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility...

  18. Next Update: November 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Next Update: November 2013 Table 3B.1. FRCC monthly peak hour demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area, 1996-2011 actual, 2012-2013 projected...

  19. Village of Hampton, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    M NERC Location MRO Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes This article is a stub. You can help...

  20. Village of Spalding, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 17727 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes...

  1. City of Wisner, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 20880 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes...

  2. City of Franklin, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 6723 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled...

  3. Rising Electricity Costs: A Challenge For Consumers, Regulators...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electricity: 30 Years of Electricity: 30 Years of Industry ... 30 Years of Energy Information and Analysis April 7, ... California 20092012 Rocky Mtn 20082011 SPP 20152016+ MRO ...

  4. SUMMER

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    SUMMER Table 5a . Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2007 (Megawatts) Region FRCC Subregion Country U SUMMER Actual Line# DESCRIPTION 2007 2008 2009 2010 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand (Starting Point) = 2+1a+1b-1c-1d 46,676 47,364 48,181 49,093 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) - - - 1b Estimated Diversity - - - - 1c Additions for non-member load (load served by non-registered LSE's in a region) - - - - 1d Stand-by Load Under Contract

  5. SUMMER

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    SUMMER Released: February 2010 Next Update: October 2010 Table 5a . Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2008 (Megawatts) Region FRCC Subregion Country U SUMMER Actual Projected Line# DESCRIPTION 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand = 2+1a+1b-1c-1d 44836 45734 45794 46410 47423 48304 49219 50280 51345 52431 53689 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b Estimated Diversity 0 0

  6. WINTER

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    WINTER Table 5j . Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2007 Region FRCC Subregion Country U WINTER Actual Line# DESCRIPTION 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand (Starting Point) = 2+1a+1b-1c-1d 41,701 49,601 50,463 51,606 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) - - - 1b Estimated Diversity - - - - 1c Additions for non-member load (load served by non-registered LSE's in a region) - - - - 1d Stand-by Load Under

  7. WINTER

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    WINTER Released: February 2010 Next Update: October 2010 Table 5a . Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2008 (Megawatts) Region FRCC Subregion Country U WINTER Actual Projected Line# DESCRIPTION 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand = 2+1a+1b-1c-1d 45275 44446 45099 46140 46971 47709 48888 49850 50861 51942 53065 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b Estimated Diversity 0 0

  8. Form EIA-411 for 2005

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 5a. Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2005 " "(Megawatts)" "Region","FRCC" "Subregion", "Country","U" ,,,,"SUMMER" ,,,,"Actual","Projected" "Line#","Category",,"Notes",2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015 01,"Internal Demand",,,46396,45520,46725,48030,49233,50221,51343,52490,53686,54830,56130

  9. Form EIA-411 for 2006",,"SUMMER

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    SUMMER" ,"Released: February 7, 2008" ,"Next Update: October 2008" "Table 5a. Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2006 " "(Megawatts)" "Region","FRCC" "Subregion", "Country","U"," " ,"SUMMER",,"Actual","Projected" "Line#",,"DESCRIPTION",2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016

  10. Form EIA-411 for 2008",,"SUMMER

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    SUMMER" ,"Released: February 2010" ,"Next Update: October 2010" "Table 5a. Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2008" "(Megawatts)" "Region","FRCC" "Subregion", "Country","U"," " ,"SUMMER",,"Actual","Projected" ,"Line#","DESCRIPTION",2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018

  11. summer_schedule3_2006.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    SUMMER Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2008 Table 5a . Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2006 (Megawatts) Region FRCC Subregion Country U SUMMER Actual Projected Line# DESCRIPTION 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 1 Internal Demand 45,751 46,878 48,037 49,280 50,249 51,407 52,464 53,548 54,622 55,896 57,189 2 Standby Demand - - - - - - - - - - 3 TOTAL INTERNAL DEMAND 45,751 46,878 48,037 49,280 50,249 51,407 52,464

  12. winter_schedule3_2006.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    WINTER Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2008 Table 5j . Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2006 Region FRCC Subregion Country U WINTER Actual Projected Line# DESCRIPTION 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 20012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 20015/2016 2016/2017 1 Internal Demand 42,526 49,526 50,737 51,673 52,780 53,872 54,986 56,155 57,468 58,853 60,292 2 Standby Demand - - - - - - - - - - 3 TOTAL INTERNAL DEMAND 42,526

  13. Village of Wilcox, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 20641 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility...

  14. Burt County Public Power Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NERC Location MRO Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate...

  15. Glacial Energy Holdings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 54871 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes NERC MRO Yes NERC NPCC Yes NERC RFC Yes Activity...

  16. Village of Brainard, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 2120 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  17. Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13805 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  18. Kansas Gas & Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SPP NERC ERCOT Yes NERC MRO Yes NERC RFC Yes NERC SERC Yes NERC SPP Yes ISO Ercot Yes RTO PJM Yes RTO SPP Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes...

  19. Nick's Utility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ownership F NERC Location WECC, MAPP NERC MRO Yes NERC SPP Yes NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes RTO SPP Yes ISO MISO Yes ISO Other Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

  20. City of Spencer, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 17787 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes This article is a stub....

  1. Loup Valleys Rural P P D | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 11250 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  2. City of Holdrege, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Location MRO Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate...

  3. summer_schedule3_2005.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5a . Summer (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2005 (Megawatts) Region FRCC Subregion Country U SUMMER Actual Projected Line# Category Notes 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 01 Internal Demand 46,396 45,520 46,725 48,030 49,233 50,221 51,343 52,490 53,686 54,830 56,130 02 Standby Demand - - - - - - - - - - - 03 Total Internal Demand (01+02) 46,396 45,520 46,725 48,030 49,233 50,221 51,343 52,490 53,686 54,830 56,130 04 Direct Control Load

  4. winter_schedule3_2005.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5j . Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2005 Region FRCC Subregion Country U WINTER Actual Projected Line# Category Notes 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 01 Internal Demand 42,657 48,296 49,464 50,732 51,678 52,869 53,923 55,086 56,271 57,674 59,162 02 Standby Demand - - - - - - - - - - - 03 Total Internal Demand (01+02) 42,657 48,296 49,464 50,732 51,678 52,869 53,923 55,086 56,271 57,674 59,162 04

  5. Slide 1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    11 10 19 22 21 20 15 14 9 13 5 5 6 1 2 3 4 16 17 8 18 Electricity Market Module Regions 1 - Texas Reliability Entity (ERCT) 2 - Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (FRCC) 3 - Midwest Reliability Organization - East (MROE) 4 - Midwest Reliability Organization - West (MROW) 5 - Northeast Power Coordinating Council / New England (NEWE) 6 - Northeast Power Coordinating Council / NYC - Westchester (NYCW) 7 - Northeast Power Coordinating Council / Long Island (NYLI) 8 - Northeast Power

  6. summer_nid_cr_cm_1990_2004.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    u Form EIA-411 for 2006 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: Not applicable for this table format Table 4a . Summer Historic Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 1990 thro (Megawatts and Percent) Year Summer Contiguous U.S. ECAR FRCC MAAC Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW)

  7. summer_nid_cr_cm_2003.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    t Form EIA-411 for 2005 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2007 Table 4. Summer Historic and Projected Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 1990 (Megawatts and Percent) Projected Year Base Year Summer Contiguous U.S. ECAR FRCC MAAC Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW)

  8. summer_nid_cr_cm_2004.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Form EIA-411 for 2005 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2007 Table 4. Summer Historic and Projected Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Council Regio (Megawatts and Percent) Projected Year Base Year Summer Contiguous U.S. ECAR FRCC MAAC Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity Resources (MW) Capacity Margin (percent) Net Internal Demand (MW) Capacity

  9. Slide 1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3,000 3,500 4,000 XOM CHK APC DVN SWN BP SWN ECA COP BHP SWN RDSA CVX WPX SWN COG EOG APA EQT OXY SWN RRC QEP UPL EP XCO CNX SWN NBL PXD SM NFX XEC MRO SD KWK PXP EGN CRK BBG FST ...

  10. Electric Power Annual 2011

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Table 1. Net Energy for load, actual and projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, 1990-2011 actual, 2012-2016 projected thousands of megawatthours Interconnection NERC Regional Assesment Area 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012E 2013E 2014E 2015E 2016E FRCC 142,502 146,903 147,464 153,468 159,861 169,021 173,377 175,557 188,384 188,598 196,561 200,134 211,116 219,021 220,335

  11. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 8.12a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period, 1986-2011 (Megawatts, Except as Noted) Year Noncoincident Peak Load 1 by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) 2 Regional Assessment Area Capacity Margin 21 (percent) Eastern Interconnection ERCOT 4 Western Inter- connection All Inter- connections FRCC 5 NPCC 6 Balance of Eastern Region 3 ECAR 7,8 MAAC 8,9 MAIN 8,10 MAPP 11

  12. "January","NERC Regional Assesment Area"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A.1. January monthly peak hour demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area, " "1996-2011 actual, 2012-2013 projected" "megawatts" "January","NERC Regional Assesment Area" ,,"Actual" ,,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "Eastern Interconnection","FRCC",39860,37127,27122,38581,37521,40258,39675,45033,35545,41247,34464,38352,41705,44945,53093,46086

  13. monthly_peak_2003.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    O Form EIA-411 for 2005 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2007 Table 3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 1996 through 2003 and Projected 2004 through 2005 (Megawatts and 2003 Base Year) Projected Monthly Base Year Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP/MR NPCC SERC SPP ERCOT WECC Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW)

  14. winter_peak_2003.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ) Form EIA-411 for 2005 Released: February 7, 2008 Next Update: October 2007 Table 2b . Noncoincident Winter Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, 1990 through 2003 and Projected 2004 through 2008 (Megawatts and 2003 Base Year) Winter Noncoincident Peak Load Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP (U.S. NPCC (U.S.) SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 1990/1991 484,231 67,097

  15. Impact of deformation on the atomic structures and dynamics of a Cu-Zr metallic glass: A molecular dynamics study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Y.; Mendelev, M. I.; Wang, C. Z.; Ott, R.; Zhang, F.; Besser, M. F.; Ho, K. M.; Kramer, M. J.

    2014-11-03

    Despite numerous studies on the atomic structures of Cu-Zr metallic glasses (MGs), their inherent structural ordering, e.g., medium-range order (MRO), remains difficult to describe. Specifically lacking is an understanding of how the MRO responds to deformation and the associated changes in atomic mobility. In this paper, we focus on the impact of deformation on MRO and associated effect on diffusion in a well-relaxed Cu64.5Zr35.5 MG by molecular dynamics simulations. The Cu-Zr MG exhibits a larger elastic limit of 0.035 and a yield stress of 3.5 GPa. The cluster alignment method was employed to characterize the icosahedral short-range order (ISRO) and Bergman-type medium-range order (BMRO) in the models upon loading and unloading. From this analysis, we find the disruption of both ISRO and BMRO occurs as the strain reaches about 0.02, well below the elastic limit. Within the elastic limit, the total fractions of ISRO or BMRO can be fully recovered upon unloading. The diffusivity increases six to eight times in regions undergoing plastic deformation, which is due to the dramatic disruption of the ISRO and BMRO. As a result, by mapping the spatial distributions of the mobile atoms, we demonstrate the increase in atomic mobility is due to the extended regions of disrupted ISRO and more importantly BMRO.

  16. Impact of deformation on the atomic structures and dynamics of a Cu-Zr metallic glass: A molecular dynamics study

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Y.; Mendelev, M. I.; Wang, C. Z.; Ott, R.; Zhang, F.; Besser, M. F.; Ho, K. M.; Kramer, M. J.

    2014-11-03

    Despite numerous studies on the atomic structures of Cu-Zr metallic glasses (MGs), their inherent structural ordering, e.g., medium-range order (MRO), remains difficult to describe. Specifically lacking is an understanding of how the MRO responds to deformation and the associated changes in atomic mobility. In this paper, we focus on the impact of deformation on MRO and associated effect on diffusion in a well-relaxed Cu64.5Zr35.5 MG by molecular dynamics simulations. The Cu-Zr MG exhibits a larger elastic limit of 0.035 and a yield stress of 3.5 GPa. The cluster alignment method was employed to characterize the icosahedral short-range order (ISRO) andmore » Bergman-type medium-range order (BMRO) in the models upon loading and unloading. From this analysis, we find the disruption of both ISRO and BMRO occurs as the strain reaches about 0.02, well below the elastic limit. Within the elastic limit, the total fractions of ISRO or BMRO can be fully recovered upon unloading. The diffusivity increases six to eight times in regions undergoing plastic deformation, which is due to the dramatic disruption of the ISRO and BMRO. As a result, by mapping the spatial distributions of the mobile atoms, we demonstrate the increase in atomic mobility is due to the extended regions of disrupted ISRO and more importantly BMRO.« less

  17. Next Update: November 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Next Update: November 2013 megawatts January NERC Regional Assesment Area 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 FRCC 39,860 37,127 27,122 38,581 37,521 40,258 39,675 45,033 35,545 41,247 34,464 38,352 41,705 44,945 53,093 46,086 NPCC 41,680 41,208 40,009 44,199 45,227 43,553 42,039 45,987 66,215 47,041 43,661 45,002 46,803 45,047 43,849 45,395 Balance of Eastern Region 322,095 335,954 307,784 343,981 347,724 349,937 340,525 377,419 371,550 381,698

  18. monthly_peak_bymonth_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A.1. January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area, 1996-2010 Actual, 2011-2012 Projected (Megawatts) January NERC Regional Assesment Area 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011E 2012E FRCC 39,860 37,127 27,122 38,581 37,521 40,258 39,675 45,033 35,545 41,247 34,464 38,352 41,705 44,945 53,093 46,839 47,613 NPCC 41,680 41,208 40,009 44,199 45,227 43,553 42,039 45,987 66,215 47,041 43,661 45,002 46,803

  19. net_energy_load_2003.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 and Projected 2004 through 2008 (Thousands of Megawatthours and 2003 Base Year) Net Energy For Load (Annual) Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 1990 2,886,496 442,507 142,502 221,099 197,326 127,102 250,681 485,205 252,037 209,789 558,248 1991 2,941,669 450,586 146,903 228,588 205,880 129,826 253,701 501,794 257,434 211,568 555,389 1992 2,942,910 450,853 147,464

  20. net_energy_load_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, 1990-2010 Actual, 2011-2015 Projected (Thousands of Megawatthours) Interconnection NERC Regional Assesment Area 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 FRCC 142,502 146,903 147,464 153,468 159,861 169,021 173,377 175,557 188,384 188,598 196,561 200,134 211,116 NPCC 250,681 253,701 252,256 257,447 259,947 261,235 263,125 264,464 268,309 277,902 281,518 282,670

  1. peak_load_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2. Noncoincident Peak Load, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area, 1990-2010 Actual, 2011-2015 Projected (Megawatts) Interconnection NERC Regional Assesment Area 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 FRCC 27,266 28,818 30,601 32,823 32,904 34,524 35,444 35,375 38,730 37,493 37,194 39,062 40,696 40,475 42,383 46,396 45,751 46,676 44,836 NPCC 44,116 46,594 43,658 46,706 47,581 47,705 45,094 49,269 49,566 52,855

  2. summer_capacity_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Interconnection NERC Regional Assesment Area 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 FRCC 27,162 27,773 28,898 29,435 30,537 31,649 31,868 32,874 34,562 34,832 35,666 38,932 37,951 40,387 42,243 45,950 45,345 46,434 44,660 46,263 NPCC 46,016 45,952 46,007 46,380 47,465 48,290 48,950 50,240 51,760 53,450 54,270 55,888 55,164 53,936 51,580 57,402 60,879 58,221 59,896 55,730 Balance of Eastern Region 332,679 337,297 341,869 349,984

  3. summer_peak_2003.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 and Projected 2004 through 2008 (Megawatts and 2003 Base Year) Summer Noncoincident Peak Contiguous U.S. Eastern Power Grid Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Projected Year Base Year ECAR FRCC MAAC MAIN MAPP (U.S.) NPCC (U.S.) SERC SPP ERCOT WECC (U.S.) 1990 546,331 79,258 27,266 42,613 40,740 24,994 44,116 94,677 52,541 42,737 97,389 1991 551,418 81,224 28,818 45,937 41,598 25,498 46,594 95,968 51,885 41,870 92,026 1992 548,707 78,550 30,601 43,658 38,819 22,638 43,658 97,635 51,324 42,619

  4. winter_capacity_2010.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 4.B Winter Net Internal Demand, Capacity Resources, and Capacity Margins by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2001-2010 Actual, 2011-2015 Projected (Megawatts and Percent) Interconnection NERC Regional Assesment Area 2001/2002 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/ 2011 2011/2012E 2012/2013E 2013/2014E 2014/2015E 2015/2016E FRCC 39,699 42,001 36,229 41,449 42,493 45,993 46,093 45,042 51,703 45,954 44,196 44,750 45,350

  5. Plant maintenance and outage management issue, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2005-01-15

    The focus of the January-February issue is on plant maintenance and outage managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Dawn of a new era, by Joe Colvin, Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI); Plant profile: Beloyarsk NPP, Russia, by Nikolai Oshkanov, Beloyarsk NPP, Russia; Improving economic performance, by R. Spiegelberg-Planner, John De Mella, and Marius Condu, IAEA; A model for improving performance, by Pet Karns, MRO Software; ASME codes and standards, by Shannon Burke, ASME International; and, Refurbishment programs, by Craig S. Irish, Nuclear Logistics, Inc.

  6. DESIGN AND TEST OF AN INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING MICROTHERMAL SEEING ON THE MAGDALENA RIDGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgensen, A. M.; Klinglesmith, D. A.; Speights, J.; Clements, A.; Patel, J.

    2009-05-15

    We have constructed and operated an automated instrument for measuring ground-level microthermal seeing at the Magdalena Ridge Observatory (MRO). The MRO is located at an altitude of 10500' in the Cibola National Forest in New Mexico, USA. It is the planned site for the MRO Optical Interferometer (MROI) planned for up to 10 collecting elements, each with a diameter of 1.4 m, and baselines eventually up to approximately 400 m. As part of the preparation for construction we deployed a system to characterize the ground-level seeing across the observatory site. The instrument is built largely of off-the-shelf components, with only the sensor head and power supply requiring electronic board assembly. Even in those cases the board architecture is very simple. The first proof-of-concept system was deployed for several weeks in the autumn of 2004, and has since undergone several iterations. The latest configuration operates entirely off batteries, incorporates wireless data acquisition, and is thus able to operate in an area with no shelter, power, or communications. In this paper we present the design of the instrument, and show initial data. The microthermal tower has four sensor pairs at heights from 0.8 to 4.41 m, significantly lower than other microthermal experiments, because of the need to characterize the seeing near the ground. We find significant variation in the contribution of this range of heights to the seeing, contributing up to 0.''3 of the seeing at some times and only 0.''02 at other times. The individual sensor power spectra have a slope in the range of 1.4--1.5, which is lower than the 1.67 slope predicted by Kolmogorov turbulence theory. We measure the well known effect of improved seeing immediately around sunset. While we find significant variation in the microthermal seeing, we did not find a pattern of corresponding variations in weather conditions, suggesting that a complicated set of factors control microthermal turbulence.

  7. DEVELOPMENT OF GLASS MATRICES FOR HLW RADIOACTIVE WASTES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jantzen, C.

    2010-03-18

    Vitrification is currently the most widely used technology for the treatment of high level radioactive wastes (HLW) throughout the world. Most of the nations that have generated HLW are immobilizing in either borosilicate glass or phosphate glass. One of the primary reasons that glass has become the most widely used immobilization media is the relative simplicity of the vitrification process, e.g. melt waste plus glass forming frit additives and cast. A second reason that glass has become widely used for HLW is that the short range order (SRO) and medium range order (MRO) found in glass atomistically bonds the radionuclides and governs the melt properties such as viscosity, resistivity, sulphate solubility. The molecular structure of glass controls contaminant/radionuclide release by establishing the distribution of ion exchange sites, hydrolysis sites, and the access of water to those sites. The molecular structure is flexible and hence accounts for the flexibility of glass formulations to waste variability. Nuclear waste glasses melt between 1050-1150 C which minimizes the volatility of radioactive components such as Tc{sup 99}, Cs{sup 137}, and I{sup 129}. Nuclear waste glasses have good long term stability including irradiation resistance. Process control models based on the molecular structure of glass have been mechanistically derived and have been demonstrated to be accurate enough to control the world's largest HLW Joule heated ceramic melter in the US since 1996 at 95% confidence.

  8. Amorphous and nanocrystalline phase formation in highly-driven Al-based binary alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalay, Yunus Eren

    2008-10-15

    Remarkable advances have been made since rapid solidification was first introduced to the field of materials science and technology. New types of materials such as amorphous alloys and nanostructure materials have been developed as a result of rapid solidification techniques. While these advances are, in many respects, ground breaking, much remains to be discerned concerning the fundamental relationships that exist between a liquid and a rapidly solidified solid. The scope of the current dissertation involves an extensive set of experimental, analytical, and computational studies designed to increase the overall understanding of morphological selection, phase competition, and structural hierarchy that occurs under far-from equilibrium conditions. High pressure gas atomization and Cu-block melt-spinning are the two different rapid solidification techniques applied in this study. The research is mainly focused on Al-Si and Al-Sm alloy systems. Silicon and samarium produce different, yet favorable, systems for exploration when alloyed with aluminum under far-from equilibrium conditions. One of the main differences comes from the positions of their respective T{sub 0} curves, which makes Al-Si a good candidate for solubility extension while the plunging T{sub 0} line in Al-Sm promotes glass formation. The rapidly solidified gas-atomized Al-Si powders within a composition range of 15 to 50 wt% Si are examined using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The non-equilibrium partitioning and morphological selection observed by examining powders at different size classes are described via a microstructure map. The interface velocities and the amount of undercooling present in the powders are estimated from measured eutectic spacings based on Jackson-Hunt (JH) and Trivedi-Magnin-Kurz (TMK) models, which permit a direct comparison of theoretical predictions. For an average particle size of 10 {micro}m with a Peclet number of {approx}0.2, JH and TMK deviate from each other. This deviation indicates an adiabatic type solidification path where heat of fusion is reabsorbed. It is interesting that this particle size range is also consistent with the appearance of a microcellular growth. While no glass formation is observed within this system, the smallest size powders appear to consist of a mixture of nanocrystalline Si and Al. Al-Sm alloys have been investigated within a composition range of 34 to 42 wt% Sm. Gas atomized powders of Al-Sm are investigated to explore the morphological and structural hierarchy that correlates with different degrees of departure from full equilibrium conditions. The resultant powders show a variety of structural selection with respect to amount of undercooling, with an amorphous structure appearing at the highest cooling rates. Because of the chaotic nature of gas atomization, Cu-block melt-spinning is used to produce a homogeneous amorphous structure. The as-quenched structure within Al-34 to 42 wt% Sm consists of nanocrystalline fcc-Al (on the order of 5 nm) embedded in an amorphous matrix. The nucleation density of fcc-Al after initial crystallization is on the order of 10{sup 22}-10{sup 23} m{sup -3}, which is 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6} orders of magnitude higher than what classical nucleation theory predicts. Detailed analysis of liquid and as-quenched structures using high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction, high energy transmission electron microscopy, and atom probe tomography techniques revealed an Al-Sm network similar in appearance to a medium range order (MRO) structure. A model whereby these MRO clusters promote the observed high nucleation density of fcc-Al nanocrystals is proposed. The devitrification path was identified using high temperature, in-situ, high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction techniques and the crystallization kinetics were described using an analytical Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) approach.