Sample records for francfort avta principle

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating National Parks...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating National Parks and Forest Service Fleets for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating National Parks...

  2. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? PHEV Evaluations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities AVTA PHEV Demonstrations and Testing Argonne...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Diesel Internal Combusion...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles The Advanced Vehicle...

  4. AVTA- Energy Storage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes best practices for responding to emergency incidents involving plug-in electric vehicle batteries, based on the AVTA's testing of PEV batteries.

  5. AVTA: 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    10 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results The...

  6. AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Smart Grid Capable AC Level 2 Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge...

  7. AVTA: 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AVTA: 2013 Ford Focus All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports AVTA: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi PHEV Testing Results...

  8. AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Aerovironment AC Level 2 - February 2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Clipper Creek AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System...

  9. Vehicle Technologies Office AVTA: Light Duty Alternative Fuel...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Office AVTA: Light Duty Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Data Vehicle Technologies Office AVTA: Light Duty Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Data The Vehicle Technologies...

  10. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing Benchmarking of Advanced HEVs and...

  11. AVTA: Idaho National Laboratory Experimental Hybrid Shuttle Bus...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AVTA: Idaho National Laboratory Experimental Hybrid Shuttle Bus Testing Results AVTA: Idaho National Laboratory Experimental Hybrid Shuttle Bus Testing Results The Vehicle...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Electric Vehicle Charging...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Charging Equipment (EVSE) Testing Data Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment (EVSE) Testing Data Electric vehicle chargers (otherwise known as...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles The Vehicle...

  14. AVTA: 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Diesel Downloadable Dynamometer...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    09 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Diesel Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports AVTA: 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Diesel Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports The Vehicle Technologies...

  15. AVTA: 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop Testing Results...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

  16. AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results The Vehicle...

  17. AVTA: Battery Testing - DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries AVTA: Battery Testing - DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric USPS Long Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    USPS Long Life Vehicle Conversions Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric USPS Long Life Vehicle Conversions The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Delivery...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Delivery Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vehicles The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Tractor Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tractor Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Tractor Vehicles The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

  1. AVTA: Clipper Creek AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory. Clipper Creek AC Level 2 - February 2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level...

  2. AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  3. AVTA: 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports AVTA: 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  4. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. This page provides data on the hybrid electric versions of the Volkswagen Jetta, Ford C-Max, Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Honda CRZ, Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery, Mercedes Benz, Toyota Prius Gen III, Ford Fusion, Honda Insight and Honda CR-Z.

  5. AVTA: Testing Results on the USPS Long-life Vehicle Conversions...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AVTA: Testing Results on the USPS Long-life Vehicle Conversions to All-Electric AVTA: Testing Results on the USPS Long-life Vehicle Conversions to All-Electric The Vehicle...

  6. AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

  7. AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AVTA initiated testing of the first BEV from an OEM in 10 years * Additional FY10 BEVs: Tesla and THINK * Also FY10 test 5 USPS LLV conversions * FY11 will include: Leaf, iMiEV,...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road Demonstration Data Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road Demonstration Data Through the American Recovery and...

  9. AVTA: 2010 Honda CR-Z Hybrid Downloadable Dynamometer Database...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    at Argonne National Laboratory under the funding and guidance of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Honda CR-Z Hybrid (2010) More Documents & Publications AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet...

  10. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? Non-PHEV Evaluations...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

  11. AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Neighborhood All-Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the following vehicles is available in downloadable form: 2013 BRP Commander Electric, 2010 Electric Vehicles International E-Mega, 2009 Vantage Pickup EVX1000, and 2009 Vantage Van EVC1000.

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the 2012 Honda Civic CNG is available in downloadable form.

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Start-Stop (Micro) Hybrid Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the stop-start hybrid versions of the following vehicles is available: 2010 Smart Fortwo, 2010 Volkswagen Golf Diesel, and 2010 Mazda3 Hatchback.

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable data on the following vehicles is available: 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel, 2013 Volkswagen Jetta TDI, and 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI.

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- All-Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable data on the all-electric versions of the following vehicles is available: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe, 2013 Ford Focus, 2013 Nissan Leaf, 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV, 2012 Nissan Leaf, 2011 Nissan Leaf, 2010 USPS eLLV Conversions, and 2009 BMW Mini-E.

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Start-Stop (Micro) Hybrid Vehicles Performance Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Performance and testing data on the stop-start hybrid versions of the following vehicles is available: 2010 Smart Fortwo, 2010 Volkswagen Golf Diesel, and 2010 Mazda3 Hatchback.

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- All-Electric Vehicle (Car) Performance Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Downloadable performance and testing data on the all-electric versions of the following vehicles is available: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe, 2013 Ford Focus, 2013 Nissan Leaf, 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV, 2012 Nissan Leaf, 2011 Nissan Leaf, 2010 USPS eLLV Conversions, and 2009 BMW Mini-E.

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. This page provides data on the hybrid electric versions of the Volkswagen Jetta, Ford C-Max, Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Honda CRZ, Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery, Mercedes Benz, Toyota Prius Gen III, Ford Fusion, Honda Insight and Honda CR-Z.

  1. AVTA: Reports on Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness at 3 DOD Facilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports analyze data and survey results on readiness for the use of plug-in electric vehicles on the Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Naval Station Mayport, and Joint Base Lewis McChord, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  2. AVTA: Vehicle to Grid Power Flow Regulations and Building Codes Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is a review of Vehicle-to-Grid power flow regulations and building codes, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Performance and Testing Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Data on the plug-in hybrid electric version of the following vehicles is available: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet, 2013 Ford C-Max Energi, 2012 Chevrolet Volt, 2012 Toyota Prius, 2013 Toyota Prius, 2013 Chevrolet Volt, 2011 Chrysler Town & Country, 2010 Quantum Escape, and 2010 Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle.

  4. AVTA- Energy Storage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes DC fast charging's effects on plug-in electric vehicle batteries. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  5. AVTA: Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013-2014 Volkswagen Jetta2013 Ford C-Max2013 Chevrolet Malibu2013 Honda Civic2011 Hyundai Sonata2011 Honda CRZ2010 Honda Civic with Advanced Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery2010 Mercedes...

  6. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following document describes the context of the EV Project, which partnered with city, regional and state governments, utilities, and other organizations in 16 cities to deploy about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  7. Nonequivalence of equivalence principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego

    2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence principles played a central role in the development of general relativity. Furthermore, they have provided operative procedures for testing the validity of general relativity, or constraining competing theories of gravitation. This has led to a flourishing of different, and inequivalent, formulations of these principles, with the undesired consequence that often the same name, "equivalence principle", is associated with statements having a quite different physical meaning. In this paper we provide a precise formulation of the several incarnations of the equivalence principle, clarifying their uses and reciprocal relations. We also discuss their possible role as selecting principles in the design and classification of viable theories of gravitation.

  8. Basic principle of superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian De Cao

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic principle of superconductivity is suggested in this paper. There have been two vital wrong suggestions on the basic principle, one is the relation between superconductivity and the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC), and another is the relation between superconductivity and pseudogap.

  9. Energy Literacy Essential Principle #3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Literacy Essential Principle #3: Biological processes depend on energy flow through the Earth system.

  10. Equivalence Principle and Clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Damour

    1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.

  11. Uncertainty Principle Respects Locality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongsheng Wang

    2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The notion of nonlocality implicitly implies there might be some kind of spooky action at a distance in nature, however, the validity of quantum mechanics has been well tested up to now. In this work it is argued that the notion of nonlocality is physically improper, the basic principle of locality in nature is well respected by quantum mechanics, namely, the uncertainty principle. We show that the quantum bound on the Clauser, Horne, Shimony, and Holt (CHSH) inequality can be recovered from the uncertainty relation in a multipartite setting. We further argue that the super-quantum correlation demonstrated by the nonlocal box is not physically comparable with the quantum one. The origin of the quantum structure of nature still remains to be explained, some post-quantum theory which is more complete in some sense than quantum mechanics is possible and might not necessarily be a hidden variable theory.

  12. Energy Literacy Essential Principle #2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Literacy Essential Principle #2: Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow through the Earth system.

  13. Underlying Quality Principles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. 1. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose.

  14. Inner Area Principles

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn Other News linkThermalInner Area Principles The Inner Area

  15. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Principles for Fostering Sustainability Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for...

  16. Guiding Principles for Successfully Implementing Industrial Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Assessment Recommendations Guiding Principles for Successfully Implementing Industrial Energy Assessment Recommendations This implementation guide provides key principles and...

  17. Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Federal agencies can use social networks and...

  18. Energy Literacy Essential Principle #4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Literacy Essential Principle #4: Various sources of energy can be used to power human activities, and often this energy must be transferred from source to destination.

  19. Towards first-principles electrochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabo, Ismaila

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This doctoral dissertation presents a comprehensive computational approach to describe quantum mechanical systems embedded in complex ionic media, primarily focusing on the first-principles representation of catalytic ...

  20. Small Representation Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. B. F. Nielsen

    2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous article Don Bennett and I looked for, found and proposed a game in which the Standard Model Gauge Group $S(U(2) \\times U(3))$ gets singled out as the "winner". This "game" means that the by Nature chosen gauge group should be just that one, which has the maximal value for a quantity, which is a modification of the ratio of the quadratic Casimir for the adjoint representation and that for a "smallest" faithful representation. In a recent article I proposed to extend this "game" to construct a corresponding game between different potential dimensions for space-time. The idea is to formulate, how the same competition as the one between the potential gauge groups would run out, if restricted to the potential Lorentz or Poincare groups achievable for different dimensions of space-time $d$. The remarkable point is, that it is the experimental space-time dimension 4, which wins. It follows that the whole Standard Model is specified by requiring SMALLEST REPRESENTATIONS! Speculatively we even argue that our principle found suggests the group of gauge transformations and some manifold(suggestive of say general relativity).

  1. PRINCIPLES OF ARCHIVES & RECORDS MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    PRINCIPLES OF ARCHIVES & RECORDS MANAGEMENT Archives and records management is based upon." The basic unit used in all discussions of records management and all records retention and disposi- tion of a record series is known as "appraisal," the second basic principle of records management. Appraisal

  2. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? PHEV Evaluations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    fuel economy per trip (mpg) CD only dist CD CS dist CS only dist 38 FY08 EnergyCS Joint Data Collection * EnergyCS provided onboard data for seven vehicles operating in...

  3. AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Tractor Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following set of reports describes data collected from hybrid-electric tractor vehicles in the Coca-Cola fleet. This research was conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  4. AVTA: 2010 Ford Fusion HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Ford Fusion hybrid-electric vehicle. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_fusion_hybrid.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  5. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Electric Vehicle Community...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to maximize usage, educating the public and coordinating with utilities. The Vehicle Technologies Office is partnering with city governments, local organizations, and...

  6. AVTA: Neighborhood All-Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 BRP Commander Electric2010 Electric Vehicles International E-Mega2009 Vantage Pickup EVX10002009 Vantage Van EVC1000

  7. AVTA: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 Ford Fusion Energi2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet2013 Ford C-Max Energi2012 Chevrolet Volt2012 Toyota Prius2013 Toyota Prius2013 Chevrolet Volt2011 Chrysler Town & Country2010 Quantum...

  8. AVTA: 2010 Mercedes Benz HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Mercedes Benz hybrid-electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  9. AVTA: Transit Vehicle Specifications and Test Procedures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity transit projects follow a rigorous data collection and analysis protocol. Refer to "General Evaluation Plan: Fleet Test and Evaluation Projects" for...

  10. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Annual Infrastructure Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These reports summarize charging behavior of drivers that participated in the EV Project, which deployed 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 fast chargers.

  11. AVTA: 2010 Quantum Escape PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Quantum Escape PHEV, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  12. AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following set of reports describes data collected from testing on FedEx Express and UPS hybrid-electric delivery trucks. This research was conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  13. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Vehicle Placement Maps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following maps describe where the EV Project deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  14. AVTA: 2010 Honda Insight HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Honda Insight hybrid-electric vehicle. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  15. AVTA: 2011 Hyundai Sonata HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Hyundai Sonata hybrid electric vehicle. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  16. AVTA: 2011 Honda CRZ HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Honda CRZ hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  17. AVTA: 2012 CNG Honda Civic Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2012 Compressed Natural Gas Honda Civic GX. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  18. AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Volt. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  19. AVTA: 2011 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chevrolet Volt 2011. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  20. AVTA: 2013 Toyota Prius PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Toyota Prius PHEV 2013. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  1. AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Malibu HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Chevy Malibu HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

  2. AVTA: 2013 Honda Civic HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Honda Civic HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

  3. AVTA: Chargepoint America | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePoint AC Level

  4. AVTA: The EV Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:ofDepartment of EnergyThe EV

  5. Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The multiple motivations principle suggests that a portfolio approach梤ather than a single strategy梞ay be required to achieve change. Research demonstrates that people and institutions adopt new...

  6. Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramkumar, Mahalingam

    Data Communication Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Communication Basics Mahalingam Ramkumar Mississippi State University, MS September 8, 2014 Ramkumar CSE 4153 / 6153 #12;Data Communication Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer 1 Data Communication Principles Data Rate of a Communication

  7. Equivalence Principle and Gravitational Redshift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohensee, Michael A.; Chu, Steven; Mueller, Holger [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Peters, Achim [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate leading order deviations from general relativity that violate the Einstein equivalence principle in the gravitational standard model extension. We show that redshift experiments based on matter waves and clock comparisons are equivalent to one another. Consideration of torsion balance tests, along with matter-wave, microwave, optical, and Moessbauer clock tests, yields comprehensive limits on spin-independent Einstein equivalence principle-violating standard model extension terms at the 10{sup -6} level.

  8. Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education Energy...

  9. Principles of Science Principles of Biology Reference Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    topics such as cancer, climate change and ocean health #12;How can the Principles of Biology Reference 路 Weekly usage reports 路 Advice to students seeking science careers 路 English communication guide to Scientific Communication 路 Guide to Career Planning 路 Insight into current science research hot topics High

  10. The Principles of Phototransferred Thermoluminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moscovitch, Marko [Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC (United States)

    2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The principles of phototransferred thermoluminescence (PTTL) are described, and some of the basic theoretical ideas underlying this technique are presented. It is demonstrated that the PTTL efficiency is dependent on the photon energy as well as on the activation energies of the various traps involved in the process. A simple two-traps-one-recombination-center model is capable of predicting a variety of different PTTL behaviors, some already were observed experimentally.

  11. Quantum mechanical time contradicts the uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitoshi Kitada

    1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The a priori time in conventional quantum mechanics is shown to contradict the uncertainty principle. A possible solution is given.

  12. Principle Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation,Power RentalAreas-|LogPrinciple Power Inc

  13. action principles revisited: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    principle for stochastic dynamics Qiuping A. Wang Abstract After the justification of the maximum entropy principle for equilibrium mechanical system from the principle of virtual...

  14. Management Principles for Nonproliferation Organizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Hund, Gretchen

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper identifies business models and six management principles that can be applied by a nonproliferation organization to maximize the value and effectiveness of its products. The organizations responsible for reducing the nuclear proliferation threat have experienced a substantial growth in responsibility and visibility since the September 11 attacks. Since then, the international community has witnessed revelations of clandestine nuclear facilities, nuclear black markets, periodic nuclear tests, and a resurgence of interest by countries worldwide in developing nuclear capabilities. The security environment will likely continue to evolve in unexpected ways since most of the proliferation threats with which the world will be forced to contend remain unforeseen. To better prepare for and respond to this evolving security environment, many nonproliferation organizations are interested in finding new or better ways to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations. Of course, all organizations, whether they are market driven or non-profit, must operate effectively and efficiently if they are to succeed. Indeed, as this study demonstrates, many of the management principles that this study recommends can help all organizations succeed. However, this study pays particular attention to nonproliferation organizations because of the mission they are responsible for fulfilling. Nonproliferation organizations, including nonproliferation programs that operate within a larger national security organization, are responsible for reducing the threat of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. These organizations have an enduring mandate from the public and the international community not to fail in the completion of their mission for failure could have detrimental impacts on international security, public health and the environment. Moreover, the public expects nonproliferation organizations and programs to fulfill their mission, even when resources are limited. They are expected to anticipate and react quickly to prevent a potential threat while staying accountable to their public stakeholders, many of whom remain unaware of the very threats the organization is trying to address. When budgets are flush, it is easy to believe that money will solve all problems; but during times of economic hardship, managers must rely on creative and cost-effective management approaches to implement their missions. Fortunately, managers of nonproliferation organizations can draw on a wealth of research on organizational design and culture to help them identify the management strategies most appropriate for them. Such research can help nonproliferation managers think about their own organizational structures and cultures and adapt accepted management principles to their unique organizational mission. This analytical process is not straight forward, as some managers may find themselves taking risks that others might not take, such as making ostensibly risky investments for the common good, or supporting creative thinking to help mission accomplishment. Some management principles that are relatively straightforward for other organizations may be difficult to envision and implement in a nonproliferation organization. Therefore, the goal of this study is to help nonproliferation managers identify management principles that can be implemented in a nonproliferation organization and, in the process, help maximize the value of the organization's products and effectiveness of its mission.

  15. Does Standard Cosmology Express Cosmological Principle Faithfully?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding-fang Zeng; Hai-jun Zhao

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1+1 dimensional case, Einstein equation cannot give us any information on the evolution of the universe because the Einstein tensor of the system is identically zero. We study such a 1+1 dimensional cosmology and find the metric of it according to cosmological principle and special relativity, but the results contradict the usual expression of cosmological principle of standard cosmology. So we doubt in 1+3 dimensional case, cosmological principle is expressed faithfully by standard cosmology.

  16. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    is followed by a general strategy for how the principle can be translated into action. Social Network and Communications: Institutions and people change because they see or hear...

  17. Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal agencies can use social networks and communications to spark and reinforce behavior change for meeting sustainability goals. This principle is based on research findings showing that people...

  18. Gibbs Paradox and Similarity Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    As no heat effect and mechanical work are observed, we have a simple experimental resolution of the Gibbs paradox: both the thermodynamic entropy of mixing and the Gibbs free energy change are zero during the formation of any ideal mixtures. Information loss is the driving force of these spontaneous processes. Information is defined as the amount of the compressed data. Information losses due to dynamic motion and static symmetric structure formation are defined as two kinds of entropies - dynamic entropy and static entropy, respectively. There are three laws of information theory, where the first and the second laws are analogs of the two thermodynamic laws. However, the third law of information theory is different: for a solid structure of perfect symmetry (e.g., a perfect crystal), the entropy (static entropy for solid state) S is the maximum. More generally, a similarity principle is set up: if all the other conditions remain constant, the higher the similarity among the components is, the higher the value of entropy of the mixture (for fluid phases) or the assemblage (for a static structure or a system of condensed phases) or any other structure (such as quantum states in quantum mechanics) will be, the more stable the mixture or the assemblage will be, and the more spontaneous the process leading to such a mixture or an assemblage or a chemical bond will be.

  19. University of Edinburgh Feedback Standards & Guiding Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 University of Edinburgh Feedback Standards & Guiding Principles Feedback plays a vital role out the standards required of feedback at Edinburgh, together with a framework of guiding principles within timetabled classes (tutorials, practicals, lectures) as well as more informally. And feedback

  20. NEW ENERGETIC SELECTION PRINCIPLE IN DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    NEW ENERGETIC SELECTION PRINCIPLE IN DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION Vitaliy Feoktistov Centre de Recherche and convergence. In this paper we introduce a new principle of Energetic Selection. It consists in both decreasing the population size and the computation efforts according to an energetic barrier function which depends

  1. Defining work from operational principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Gallego; J. Eisert; H. Wilming

    2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years we have witnessed a concentrated effort to make sense of thermodynamics for small-scale systems. One of the main difficulties is that, at the nano-scale, thermal fluctuations of energy in general render it conceptually difficult to distinguish work from heat. Despite of several attempts to resolve this issue, many of which inspired by quantum information theory, there is still remarkable little consensus on it. In this work, we attempt to define work in a strictly operational way. In our resource-theoretic approach, agents wish to agree upon how much work needs to be invested to effect a transition from one state of an arbitrary quantum work-storage device to another. We introduce basic operational principles, and deduce from them a strict set of mathematical properties that any reasonable function quantifying such work has to fulfil. One of those generalises strong sub-additivity, a key property in quantum information theory, to the domain of thermodynamics. We show that one work quantifier fulfilling all the required properties is the difference of the non-equilibrium free energy of the initial and final state of the work-storage system. More generally, for any work quantifier fulfilling the stated properties, we can derive a quantitative second law in the sense of bounding the work that can be performed using some non-equilibrium resource by the work that is needed to create it. We furthermore discuss the role of path dependence for work quantifiers and the connection to the concept of probability-distributions of work. Our mathematical results can be formulated abstractly and carry over to other resource theories than quantum thermodynamics.

  2. The Principle of Maximum Conformality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J; /SLAC; Giustino, Di; /SLAC

    2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A key problem in making precise perturbative QCD predictions is the uncertainty in determining the renormalization scale of the running coupling {alpha}{sub s}({mu}{sup 2}). It is common practice to guess a physical scale {mu} = Q which is of order of a typical momentum transfer Q in the process, and then vary the scale over a range Q/2 and 2Q. This procedure is clearly problematic since the resulting fixed-order pQCD prediction will depend on the renormalization scheme, and it can even predict negative QCD cross sections at next-to-leading-order. Other heuristic methods to set the renormalization scale, such as the 'principle of minimal sensitivity', give unphysical results for jet physics, sum physics into the running coupling not associated with renormalization, and violate the transitivity property of the renormalization group. Such scale-setting methods also give incorrect results when applied to Abelian QED. Note that the factorization scale in QCD is introduced to match nonperturbative and perturbative aspects of the parton distributions in hadrons; it is present even in conformal theory and thus is a completely separate issue from renormalization scale setting. The PMC provides a consistent method for determining the renormalization scale in pQCD. The PMC scale-fixed prediction is independent of the choice of renormalization scheme, a key requirement of renormalization group invariance. The results avoid renormalon resummation and agree with QED scale-setting in the Abelian limit. The PMC global scale can be derived efficiently at NLO from basic properties of the PQCD cross section. The elimination of the renormalization scheme ambiguity using the PMC will not only increases the precision of QCD tests, but it will also increase the sensitivity of colliders to new physics beyond the Standard Model.

  3. The trial of the holographic principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musia?, Wojciech, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an introduction to ideas related to the holographic principle in the context of the well-established duality between classical gravity and conformal fluid dynamics. Foundations of relativistic hydrodynamics, ...

  4. Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices: The Whistler, British) Report No.: 574 Title of Thesis: Policy transfer of innovative sustainability principles and practices;v Abstract This study examines how innovative policies that seek to embed sustainability principles

  5. Quantal Definition of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel Camacho; Arturo Camacho-Guardian

    2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work analyzes the meaning of the Weak Equivalence Principle in the context of quantum mechanics. A quantal definition for this principle is introduced. This definition does not require the concept of trajectory and relies upon the phase shift induced by a gravitational field in the context of a quantum interference experiment of two coherent beams of particles. In other words, it resorts to wave properties of the system and not to classical concepts as the idea of trajectory.

  6. activation analysis principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Algorithm Uncertainty Principles Mathematical Physics (arXiv) Summary: Previously, Bennet and Feynman asked if Heisenberg's uncertainty principle puts a limitation on a quantum...

  7. Essential Principles of Energy Videos Student Analysis Guide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are a video designer. Before playing one of the Essential Principles of Energy Videos, look at the text of the "Energy Literacy Essential Principle" and its Fundamental...

  8. Principle of Mathematical Induction (PMI) Statement of the Principle of Mathematical Induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singman, David

    Principle of Mathematical Induction (PMI) Statement of the Principle of Mathematical Induction Let you have a subset S of N which you wish to prove is all of N. If you use PMI, the proof can be written as follows. Outline of a proof by PMI Proof. We prove this result using PMI. Let S = . . . (describe the set

  9. Principles of Distributed Data Management in 2020?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valduriez, Patrick

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the advents of high-speed networks, fast commodity hardware, and the web, distributed data sources have become ubiquitous. The third edition of the \\"Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems [10] reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new edition, the fundamental principles of distributed data management could be still presented based on the three dimensions of earlier editions: distribution, heterogeneity and autonomy of the data sources. In retrospect, the focus on fundamental principles and generic techniques has been useful not only to understand and teach the material, but also to enable an infinite number of variations. The primary application of these generic techniques has been obviously for distributed and parallel DBMS versions. Today, to support the requirements of important data-intensive applications (e.g. social networks, web data analytics, scientific applications, etc.), new distributed data management tech...

  10. A Novel Variational Principle arising from Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanzhong Wu

    2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Analyzing one example of LC circuit in [8], show its Lagrange problem only have other type critical points except for minimum type and maximum type under many circumstances. One novel variational principle is established instead of Pontryagin maximum principle or other extremal principles to be suitable for all types of critical points in nonlinear LC circuits. The generalized Euler-Lagrange equation of new form is derived. The canonical Hamiltonian systems of description are also obtained under the Legendre transformation, instead of the generalized type of Hamiltonian systems. This approach is not only very simple in theory but also convenient in applications and applicable for nonlinear LC circuits with arbitrary topology and other additional integral constraints.

  11. A variational principle in optics Jacob Rubinstein and Gershon Wolansky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolansky, Gershon

    A variational principle in optics Jacob Rubinstein and Gershon Wolansky Department of Mathematics a new variational principle in optics. We first formulate the principle for paraxial waves principle to the problem of phase reconstruction from intensity measurements. 漏 2004 Optical Society

  12. Deriving the Qubit from Entropy Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Brandenburger; Pierfrancesco La Mura

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is one of the most famous features of quantum mechanics. However, the non-determinism implied by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle --- together with other prominent aspects of quantum mechanics such as superposition, entanglement, and nonlocality --- poses deep puzzles about the underlying physical reality, even while these same features are at the heart of exciting developments such as quantum cryptography, algorithms, and computing. These puzzles might be resolved if the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics were built up from physically interpretable axioms, but it is not. We propose three physically-based axioms which together characterize the simplest quantum system, namely the qubit. Our starting point is the class of all no-signaling theories. Each such theory can be regarded as a family of empirical models, and we proceed to associate entropies, i.e., measures of information, with these models. To do this, we move to phase space and impose the condition that entropies are real-valued. This requirement, which we call the Information Reality Principle, arises because in order to represent all no-signaling theories (including quantum mechanics itself) in phase space, it is necessary to allow negative probabilities (Wigner [1932]). Our second and third principles take two important features of quantum mechanics and turn them into deliberately chosen physical axioms. One axiom is an Uncertainty Principle, stated in terms of entropy. The other axiom is an Unbiasedness Principle, which requires that whenever there is complete certainty about the outcome of a measurement in one of three mutually orthogonal directions, there must be maximal uncertainty about the outcomes in each of the two other directions.

  13. The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjerrum-Bohr, N E J; El-Menoufi, Basem Kamal; Holstein, Barry R; Plant, Ludovic; Vanhove, Pierre

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.

  14. The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. E. J. Bjerrum-Bohr; John F. Donoghue; Basem Kamal El-Menoufi; Barry R. Holstein; Ludovic Plant; Pierre Vanhove

    2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.

  15. AVTA: Ford Escape PHEV Advanced Research Vehicle 2010 Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a plug-in hybrid electric Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  16. AVTA: 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Diesel Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  17. AVTA: 2013 Ford C-MAX HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Ford C-MAX HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

  18. AVTA: 2012 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  19. AVTA: 2013-2014 Volkswagen Jetta HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Volkswagen Jetta HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

  20. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? Non-PHEV Evaluations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    previously completed EoL battery testing on two Gen I Prius, two Gen I Civic, and two Honda Insight HEVs - Collected fuel economy, maintenance, depreciation, operations...

  1. AVTA: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  2. AVTA: 2013 BRP Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    describe testing results of the 2013 BRP neighborhood electric vehicle. Neighborhood electric vehicles reach speeds of no more than 35 miles per hour and are only allowed on...

  3. AVTA: 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe testing results of the 2010 Electric Vehicles International neighborhood electric vehicle. Neighborhood electric vehicles reach speeds of no more than 35 miles per hour and are only allowed on roads with speed limits of up to 35 miles per hour. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  4. AVTA: Battery Testing - Best Practices for Responding to Emergency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Idaho National Laboratory. Best Practices for Emergency Response to Incidents Involving Electric Vehicles Battery Hazards: A Report on Full-Scale Testing Results - June 2013...

  5. AVTA: 2009 Vantage Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The following reports describe testing results of two 2009 Vantage neighborhood electric vehicles (a pickup truck style and a van style). Neighborhood electric vehicles...

  6. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Electric Grid Impact Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following report describes lessons learned about the impact on the electrical grid from the EV Project. The EV Project partnered with city, regional and state governments, utilities, and other organizations in 16 cities to deploy about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  7. AVTA: Ford Fusion HEV 2010 Testing Results | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Ford Fusion hybrid-electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  8. AVTA: Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Honda Insight hybrid-electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  9. AVTA: Toyota Prius Gen III HEV 2010 Testing Results | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Toyota Prius III hybrid-electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  10. AVTA: Chevrolet Malibu HEV 2013 Testing Results | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  11. AVTA: Hyundai Sonata HEV 2011 Testing Results | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Hyundai Sonata hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric Delivery Trucks...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of reports (part of the medium and heavy-duty truck data) describes data collected from Smith Newton all-electric delivery trucks in a variety of fleets. This research was...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Application Technology Manufacturer Fleet Years Collected Delivery Trucks All Electric Smith Newton Various 2012-2014 Class 8 Diesel Tractors Hybrid Electric Kenworth and...

  14. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Data and Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports work to develop test procedures and carry out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies through the Advanced Vehicle Testing...

  15. AVTA: 2013 Volkswagon Jetta TDI Diesel Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Volkswagon Jetti TDI, which runs on diesel. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  16. AVTA: 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Diesel Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  17. AVTA: 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel vehicle with stop-start technology. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  18. AVTA: 2013 BRP Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe testing results of the 2013 BRP neighborhood electric vehicle. Neighborhood electric vehicles reach speeds of no more than 35 miles per hour and are only allowed on roads with speed limits of up to 35 miles per hour. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  19. AVTA: 2009 Vantage Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe testing results of two 2009 Vantage neighborhood electric vehicles (a pickup truck style and a van style). Neighborhood electric vehicles reach speeds of no more than 35 miles per hour and are only allowed on roads with speed limits of up to 35 miles per hour. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  20. AVTA: EVSE Testing - NYSERDA Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    data below is from an electric vehicle charging infrastructure project run by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA). The reports describe...

  1. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from the 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers deployed by the EV Project. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  2. AVTA: ChargePoint America Recovery Act Charging Infrastructure Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe results of data collected through the Chargepoint America project, which deployed 4,600 public and home charging stations throughout the U.S. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  3. AVTA: 2010 Smart Fortwo Start-Stop Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_smartcar_mhd.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  4. AVTA: 2010 Mazda 3 Hatchback Start-Stop Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Mazda3 hatchback with stop-start technology. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_mazda_3istop.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  5. AVTA: 2011 Chrysler Town and Country Experimental PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  6. AVTA: Oil Bypass Filter Specifications and Test Procedures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PuraDYN Oil Bypass Filtration System Evaluation Test Plan methodology is used in the testing of all oil bypass filters on the buses at the Idaho National Laboratory.

  7. AVTA: 2010 Toyota Prius Gen III HEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Toyota Prius III hybrid-electric vehicle. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  8. AVTA: 2011 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2011 Nissan Leaf. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  9. AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe early results of testing done on an all-electric 2013 Nissan Leaf. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  10. AVTA: 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  11. AVTA: 2012 Chevrolet Volt PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  12. AVTA: Chevrolet Volt ARRA Vehicle Demonstration Project Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from a project General Motors conducted to deploy 150 2011 Chevrolet Volts around the country. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  13. AVTA: ARRA EV Project Chevrolet Volt Data Summary Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts deployed through the EV Project. It also deployed about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  14. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program: Pat Davis, Lee Slezak, Dave Howell http:avt.inl.gov or http:www1.eere.energy.govvehiclesandfuelsavta Additional Information INLCON-09-15561 Acknowledgement...

  15. AVTA: Ford Escape PHEV Advanced Research Vehicle 2010 Testing...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    results of testing done on a plug-in hybrid electric Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing...

  16. AVTA: 2013 Ford C-Max Energi PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  17. AVTA: 2013 Ford Focus All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric Delivery Trucks |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment of Energy Photo of aRemoteDepartment of

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office AVTA: Light Duty Alternative Fuel and Advanced

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment of Energy Photo of

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Battery Testing Data | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment ofConstruction|

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment ofConstruction|(EVSE) Testing Data |

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Electric Vehicle Community and Fleet

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment ofConstruction|(EVSE) Testing Data

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating National Parks and Forest

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment ofConstruction|(EVSE) Testing DataService

  4. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment ofConstruction|(EVSE) Testing

  5. AVTA Vehicle Component Cost Model | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARAManager Qualification

  6. AVTA: Battery Testing - Best Practices for Responding to Emergency

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARAManager QualificationIncidents in Plug-in

  7. AVTA: PHEV Demand and Energy Cost Demonstration Report | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARAManager QualificationIncidents in

  8. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2Partners in the SpotlightEnergy

  9. Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Data

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems AnalysisVOLUME I A HISTORY OF THE UNITEDVehicle Technologiesandand

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: All Electric USPS Long Life Vehicle

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUEValidation of& Systems

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vehicles |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUEValidation of& SystemsDepartment of Energy

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office - AVTA: Hybrid-Electric Tractor Vehicles |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUEValidation of& SystemsDepartment of

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases and Fleet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02Report | Department of EnergyReport |Readiness for

  14. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) 聟 PHEV Evaluations and Data

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 AAcceleratedDepartmentDepartment2 DOE Hydrogen and FuelCollection

  15. AVTA 聟 PHEV Demonstrations and Testing | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES: AshleyManagerDepartment of

  16. AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES: AshleyManagerDepartment ofof

  17. AVTA: Battery Testing - DC Fast Charging's Effects on PEV Batteries |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES: AshleyManagerDepartment

  18. AVTA: Battery Testing - Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES: AshleyManagerDepartmentTestbed |

  19. AVTA: Bidirectional Fast Charging Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES: AshleyManagerDepartmentTestbed

  20. AVTA: Chrysler RAM PHEV Pickups | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePoint AC

  1. AVTA: EVSE Testing - NYSERDA Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePointReports |

  2. AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of EnergyEnergy GE Smart

  3. AVTA: Idaho National Laboratory Experimental Hybrid Shuttle Bus Testing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of EnergyEnergy GE

  4. AVTA: PLUGLESS Level 2 Wireless Charging Testing Results | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of EnergyEnergyEnergy

  5. AVTA: Vehicle to EVSE Smart Grid Communications Report | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:ofDepartment of EnergyThe

  6. Principles for Mining Summaries: Theorems and Proofs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regina, University of

    Principles for Mining Summaries: Theorems and Proofs Robert J. Hilderman and Howard J. Hamilton,hamiltong@cs.uregina.ca Abstract An important problem in the area of data mining is the development of effective measures of inter previously been utilized in various disciplines, such as information theory, statis tics, ecology

  7. Quantum Internal Model Principle: Decoherence Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayan Ganesan; Tzyh-Jong Tarn

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article, we study the problem of designing a Decoherence Control for quantum systems with the help of a scalable ancillary quantum control and techniques from geometric control theory, in order to successfully and completely decouple an open quantum system from its environment. We re-formulate the problem of decoherence control as a disturbance rejection scheme which also leads us to the idea of Internal Model Principle for quantum control systems which is first of its kind in the literature. It is shown that decoupling a quantum disturbance from an open quantum system, is possible only with the help of a quantum controller which takes into account the model of the environmental interaction. This is demonstrated for a simple 2-qubit system wherein the effects of decoherence are completely eliminated. The theory provides conditions to be imposed on the controller to ensure perfect decoupling. Hence the problem of decoherence control naturally gives rise to the quantum internal model principle which relates the disturbance rejecting control to the model of the environmental interaction. Classical internal model principle and disturbance decoupling focus on different aspects viz. perfect output tracking and complete decoupling of output from external disturbances respectively. However for quantum systems, the two problems come together and merge in order to produce an effective platform for decoherence control. In this article we introduce a seminal connection between disturbance decoupling and the corresponding analog for internal model principle for quantum systems.

  8. ECE 331: Electronics Principles Pre-requisites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumacher, Russ

    ECE 331: Electronics Principles Pre-requisites: - ECE202 and MATH340 or MATH345 Phasors, Impedance and Integral Calculus Kirchhoff's Law - Can connect devices and evaluate bias circuits and time- varying device properties (e.g. threshold voltage) from measured data - Can use LabView to derive I

  9. Fourier Duality as a Quantization Principle \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fourier Duality as a Quantization Principle \\Lambda R. Aldrovandi y and L.A. Saeger z Instituto de颅Wigner prescription for quantization on Euclidean phase spaces makes essential use of Fourier duality. The extension background for the implementation of Fourier duality on general locally compact groups. Kac algebras

  10. FIRST PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF TOKAMAK ENERGY TRANSPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Greg

    energy losses have prevented the experimental demonstration of net fusion energy production fromFIRST PRINCIPLES CALCULATIONS OF TOKAMAK ENERGY TRANSPORT M. KOTSCHENREUTHER, W. DORLAND, Q.P. LIU Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, United States of America G.W. HAMMETT, M

  11. CONTRIBUTED Privacy-AwareDesignPrinciples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wicker, Stephen

    CONTRIBUTED P A P E R Privacy-AwareDesignPrinciples for Information Networks In this paper a negative impact on both the individual and society, and the public's perception of engi- neered systems/demand response case study to illustrate the impact of the proposed design rules that protect individual privacy

  12. Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services Reinette Biggs,1,2 Maja Schl篓uter,1,3 Duan Biggs,4,5,6 Erin L. Bohensky,7 Shauna BurnSilver,8 Georgina Cundill,10 Vasilis Dakos,11 Tim Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm 10691, Sweden; email: oonsie.biggs

  13. THE PEDAGOGICAL PRINCIPLES Professor Terry Mayes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    and teaching using their own methods. Biggs (2) describes the task of good pedagogical design as one outcomes. In adopting an approach of constructive alignment Biggs himself employed constructivist principles of pedagogy to make that judgement, but by so doing Biggs accepted a good deal of underpinning

  14. Comment on Ashtekar: Generalization of Wigner's Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan W. Roberts

    2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Ashtekar (2013) has illustrated that two of the available roads to testing for time asymmetry can be generalized beyond the structure of quantum theory, to much more general formulations of mechanics. The purpose of this note is to show that a third road to T-violation, which I have called "Wigner's Principle," can be generalized in this way as well.

  15. Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Daniel J.

    Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J. We present Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios

  16. Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios and backtracking. It also

  17. Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles Jan M. _Zytkow Computer Science; Piatetsky-Shapiro & Frawley, 1991; Shen, 1993; Shrager & Langley; Simon, Valdes-Perez & Sleeman, 1997; Kulkarni & Simon, 1987; Kocabas & Langley, 1995; Valdes- Perez, 1993. The mere accumulation of new

  18. Constructing optimal local pseudopotentials from first principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Wenhui; Ma, Yanming; Miao, Maosheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local pseudopotential (LPP) is an important component of the orbital free density functional theory (OF-DFT), which is a promising large scale simulation method that can still maintain information of electron state in materials. Up to date, LPP is usually extracted from the solid state DFT calculations. It is unclear how to assess its transferability while applying to a much different chemical environment. Here we reveal a fundamental relation between the first principles norm-conserving PP (NCPP) and the LPP. Using the optimized effective potential method developed for exchange functional, we demonstrate that the LPP can be constructed optimally from the NCPP for a large number of elements. Our theory also reveals that the existence of an LPP is intrinsic to the elements, irrespective to the parameters used for the construction. Our method provides a unified method in constructing and assessing LPP in the framework of first principles pseudopotentials.

  19. On the superposition principle in interference experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aninda Sinha; Aravind H. Vijay; Urbasi Sinha

    2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The superposition principle is usually incorrectly applied in interference experiments. This has recently been investigated through numerics based on Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) methods as well as the Feynman path integral formalism. In the current work, we have derived an analytic formula for the Sorkin parameter which can be used to determine the deviation from the application of the principle. We have found excellent agreement between the analytic distribution and those that have been earlier estimated by numerical integration as well as resource intensive FDTD simulations. The analytic handle would be useful for comparing theory with future experiments. It is applicable both to physics based on classical wave equations as well as the non-relativistic Schrodinger equation.

  20. Equivalence principle in scalar-tensor gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Puetzfeld; Yuri N. Obukhov

    2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a direct confirmation of the validity of the equivalence principle for unstructured test bodies in scalar tensor gravity. Our analysis is complementary to previous approaches and valid for a large class of scalar-tensor theories of gravitation. A covariant approach is used to derive the equations of motion in a systematic way and allows for the experimental test of scalar-tensor theories by means of extended test bodies.

  1. Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

    2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

  2. On Principle of Universality of Gravitational Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. B. Pestov

    2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the experiment is discussed on the verification of the principle of universality of gravitational interactions and some related problems of gravity theory and physics of elementary particles. The meaning of this proposal lies in the fact that the self-consistency of General Relativity, as it turns out, presuppose the existence of the nongravitating form of energy. Theory predicts that electrons are particles that transfer the nongravitating form of energy.

  3. Generalized Uncertainty Principle: Approaches and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel Nasser Tawfik; Abdel Magied Diab

    2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We review highlights from string theory, black hole physics and doubly special relativity and some "thought" experiments which were suggested to probe the shortest distance and/or the maximum momentum at the Planck scale. The models which are designed to implement the minimal length scale and/or the maximum momentum in different physical systems are analysed entered the literature as the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP). We compare between them. The existence of a minimal length and a maximum momentum accuracy is preferred by various physical observations. Furthermore, assuming modified dispersion relation allows for a wide range of applications in estimating, for example, the inflationary parameters, Lorentz invariance violation, black hole thermodynamics, Saleker-Wigner inequalities, entropic nature of the gravitational laws, Friedmann equations, minimal time measurement and thermodynamics of the high-energy collisions. One of the higher-order GUP approaches gives predictions for the minimal length uncertainty. Another one predicts a maximum momentum and a minimal length uncertainty, simultaneously. An extensive comparison between the different GUP approaches is summarized. We also discuss the GUP impacts on the equivalence principles including the universality of the gravitational redshift and the free fall and law of reciprocal action and on the kinetic energy of composite system. The concern about the compatibility with the equivalence principles, the universality of gravitational redshift and the free fall and law of reciprocal action should be addressed. We conclude that the value of the GUP parameters remain a puzzle to be verified.

  4. Principles of Secure Information Flow Analysis Geoffrey Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Geoffrey

    Principles of Secure Information Flow Analysis Geoffrey Smith School of Computing and Information to explain the #12;2 Geoffrey Smith principles underlying secure information flow analysis and to discuss

  5. Relevance of the precautionary principle in water recycling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sch鋐er, Andrea; Beder, S

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an engineering context the precautionary principle is often perceived as an excuse to do nothing or a substantial barrier to technical progress. The precautionary principle requires that remedial measures be taken in ...

  6. Zachar and Naik Principles of Infrared Thermography and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Zachar and Naik 1 Principles of Infrared Thermography and Application for Assessment details the principles of infrared thermography from the underlying theoretical considerations to the physical constraints involved with performing the test. Infrared (IR) thermography testing may be conducted

  7. First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a High-Performance Cathode for Li-S Batteries. First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a...

  8. The equivalence principle in classical mechanics and quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip D. Mannheim

    2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss our understanding of the equivalence principle in both classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. We show that not only does the equivalence principle hold for the trajectories of quantum particles in a background gravitational field, but also that it is only because of this that the equivalence principle is even to be expected to hold for classical particles at all.

  9. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Abstract to improve the size-change termination principle of Lee, Jones and Ben-Amram. The points of interest-change termination principle ([1]) is a simple, yet surprisingly strong termination checker for generic programming

  10. Giant magnetoresistance calculated from first principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, W.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); MacLaren, J.M. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Zhang, X.G. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Computational Sciences

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Layer Korringa Kohn Rostoker-Coherent Potential Approximation technique was used to calculate the low temperature Giant Magnetoresistance from first principles for Co{vert_bar}Cu and permalloy{vert_bar}Cu superlattices. Our calculations predict large giant magnetoresistance ratios for Co{vert_bar}Cu and extremely large ratios for permalloy{vert_bar}Cu for current perpendicular to the layers. Mechanisms such as spin-orbit coupling which mix spin channels are expected to greatly reduce the GMR effect for permalloy{vert_bar}Cu.

  11. Equivalence Principle and the Baryon Acoustic Peak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldauf, Tobias; Simonovi?, Marko; Zaldarriaga, Matias

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the dominant effect of a long wavelength density perturbation $\\delta(\\lambda_L)$ on short distance physics. In the non-relativistic limit, the result is a uniform acceleration, fixed by the equivalence principle, and typically has no effect on statistical averages due to translational invariance. This same reasoning has been formalized to obtain a "consistency condition" on the cosmological correlation functions. In the presence of a feature, such as the acoustic peak at $l_{\\rm BAO}$, this naive expectation breaks down for $\\lambda_Lpower spectrum. Finally, the success of BAO reconstruction schemes is argue...

  12. Localization principle in SUSY gauge theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hosomichi, Kazuo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Localization principle is a powerful analytic tool in supersymmetric gauge theories which enables one to perform supersymmetric path integrals explicitly. Many important formulae have been obtained, and they led to a major breakthrough in the understanding of gauge theories at strong coupling as well as the dynamics of branes in M-theory. Some of those results are reviewed, focusing especially on Pestun's solution to four-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on S^4 and the subsequent developments on three or four-dimensional gauge theories on spheres.

  13. Huygens-Fresnel Principle in Superspace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrique de A. Gomes

    2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We first roughly present a summary of the optico-mechanical analogy, which has always been so profitable in physics. Then we put forward a geometrodynamical formulation of gravity suitable to our intentions, both formally and conceptually. We present difficulties in some approaches to canonically quantize gravity which can be amended by the idea put forward in this paper, which we introduce in the last section. It consists basically in trying to find an intermediary between the quantization step going from the classical superhamiltonian constraint to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation. This is accomplished by inputting interference beyond the WKB approximation, through a type of Huygens-Fresnel Principle (HFP) in superspace.

  14. Principle Power Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to: navigation,Power RentalAreas-|LogPrinciple Power Inc Jump

  15. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment of Energy InvestingS10IS007of Energy Principles for

  16. Curvature constraints from the causal entropic principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bozek, Brandon; Albrecht, Andreas; Phillips, Daniel [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8677 (United States)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Current cosmological observations indicate a preference for a cosmological constant that is drastically smaller than what can be explained by conventional particle physics. The causal entropic principle (Bousso et al.) provides an alternative approach to anthropic attempts to predict our observed value of the cosmological constant by calculating the entropy created within a causal diamond. We have extended this work to use the causal entropic principle to predict the preferred curvature within the 'multiverse'. We have found that values larger than {rho}{sub k}=40{rho}{sub m} are disfavored by more than 99.99% peak value at {rho}{sub {lambda}}=7.9x10{sup -123} and {rho}{sub k}=4.3{rho}{sub m} for open universes. For universes that allow only positive curvature or both positive and negative curvature, we find a correlation between curvature and dark energy that leads to an extended region of preferred values. Our universe is found to be disfavored to an extent depending on the priors on curvature. We also provide a comparison to previous anthropic constraints on open universes and discuss future directions for this work.

  17. Weak Scale From the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuta Hamada; Hikaru Kawai; Kiyoharu Kawana

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the $S^{3}$ universe at the final stage $S_{rad}$ becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the Standard Model, we can check whether $S_{rad}$ actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard $S_{rad}$ at the final stage as a function of the weak scale ( the Higgs expectation value ) $v_{h}$, and show that it becomes maximum around $v_{h}={\\cal{O}}(300\\text{GeV})$ when the dimensionless couplings in the Standard Model, that is, the Higgs self coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by \\begin{equation} v_{h}\\sim\\frac{T_{BBN}^{2}}{M_{pl}y_{e}^{5}},\

  18. Weak Scale From the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamada, Yuta; Kawana, Kiyoharu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the $S^{3}$ universe at the final stage $S_{rad}$ becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the Standard Model, we can check whether $S_{rad}$ actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard $S_{rad}$ at the final stage as a function of the weak scale ( the Higgs expectation value ) $v_{h}$, and show that it becomes maximum around $v_{h}={\\cal{O}}(300\\text{GeV})$ when the dimensionless couplings in the Standard Model, that is, the Higgs self coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by \\begin{equation} v_{h}\\sim\\frac{T_{BBN}^{2}}{M_{pl}y_{e}^{5}},\

  19. Tritium proof-of-principle injector experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, P.W.; Milora, S.L.; Combs, S.K.; Carlson, R.V.; Coffin, D.O.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tritium Proof-of-Principle (TPOP) pellet injector was designed and built by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to evaluate the production and acceleration of tritium pellets for fueling future fision reactors. The injector uses the pipe-gun concept to form pellets directly in a short liquid-helium-cooled section of the barrel. Pellets are accelerated by using high-pressure hydrogen supplied from a fast solenoid valve. A versatile, tritium-compatible gas-handling system provides all of the functions needed to operate the gun, including feed gas pressure control and flow control, plus helium separation and preparation of mixtures. These systems are contained in a glovebox for secondary containment of tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). 18 refs., 3 figs.

  20. Generalized uncertainty principle and black hole thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Abhijit Dutta; Anirban Saha

    2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole thermodynamics using the simplest form of the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) proposed in the literature. The expressions for the mass-temperature relation, heat capacity and entropy are obtained in both cases from which the critical and remnant masses are computed. Our results are exact and reveal that these masses are identical and larger than the so called singular mass for which the thermodynamics quantities become ill-defined. The expression for the entropy reveals the well known area theorem in terms of the horizon area in both cases upto leading order corrections from GUP. The area theorem written in terms of a new variable which can be interpreted as the reduced horizon area arises only when the computation is carried out to the next higher order correction from GUP.

  1. Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables and Energy Storage AVTA: Bidirectional Fast Charging Report AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results...

  2. Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sustainable Buildings Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides guidance to...

  3. First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode Materials G. Ceder Massachusetts Institute of technology and C. P Grey Cambridge University and Stony Brook...

  4. Evolutionary-Economic Principles as Regulators of Soil Enzyme Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German, Donovan P.

    Chapter 12 Evolutionary-Economic Principles as Regulators of Soil Enzyme Production and Ecosystem (chitinases), organic phosphates (phosphatases), and lignins (oxidases, peroxidases) (Burns 1978; Allison et

  5. Electron Exchange and Conduction in Nontronite from First-Principles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Conduction in Nontronite from First-Principles. Abstract: Fe-bearing clay minerals serve as an important source and sink for electrons in redox reactions in various...

  6. Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principles and intercropping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principles and intercropping strategies obtained in laboratory experiments a decentralized biorefinery concept for co-production of bioethanol

  7. adopting ecological principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 BSCI 361 -Principles of Ecology Fall 2010 Syllabus & Course Description Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: BSCI 361 -...

  8. FEMP Offers Updated Training on the Guiding Principles for High...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) presents an updated series of training courses focused on the Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and...

  9. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3 Energy Literacy Social...

  10. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 1...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6 Energy Literacy Social...

  11. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 4...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2 Energy Literacy Social...

  12. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 7...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Introduction to Energy Literacy Energy Literacy Videos Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 6 Energy Literacy Social...

  13. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 2 Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades 9-12 Subject How has water...

  14. First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and properties of ZrSiO4 polymorphs. First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and...

  15. 18.310 Principles of Applied Mathematics, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleitman, Daniel J.

    Principles of Applied Mathematics is a study of illustrative topics in discrete applied mathematics including sorting algorithms, information theory, coding theory, secret codes, generating functions, linear programming, ...

  16. Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches for Policy and Project Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Free, Prior, and...

  17. Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency workgroup. The...

  18. Proposed Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency...

  19. aufbau principle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems 10 reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new...

  20. antiplatelet therapy principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems 10 reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new...

  1. active principle curcumin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Ozsu-Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems 10 reflects the evolution of distributed data management and distributed database systems. In this new...

  2. 18.310 Principles of Applied Mathematics, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleitman, Daniel J.

    Principles of Applied Mathematics is a study of illustrative topics in discrete applied mathematics including sorting algorithms, information theory, coding theory, secret codes, generating functions, linear programming, ...

  3. applying design principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    . . . . . . . . 93 12;iv Joris Dormans | Engineering Emergence 4 ten Cate, Balder 47 The Maximum Entropy Principle Applied to a Model Proposed By Lorenz C.A. Severijns Geosciences...

  4. The Principle of Hamilton for Mechanical Systems with Impacts and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerim Yunt Yunt

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 27, 2014 ... The Principle of Hamilton for Mechanical Systems with Impacts and Unilateral Constraints. Kerim Yunt Yunt(kerimyunt ***at*** web.de).

  5. The principles of life-cycle analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.; Hunsaker, D.B.; Curlee, T.R.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decisionmakers representing government agencies must balance competing objectives when deciding on the purchase and sale of assets. The goal in all cases should be to make prudent or financially {open_quotes}cost-effective{close_quotes} decisions. That is, the revenues from the purchase or sale of assets should exceed any out-of-pocket costs to obtain the revenues. However, effects external to these financial considerations such as promoting environmental quality, creating or maintaining jobs, and abiding by existing regulations should also be considered in the decisionmaking process. In this paper, we outline the principles of life-cycle analysis (LCA), a framework that allows decisionmakers to make informed, balanced choices over the period of time affected by the decision, taking into account important external effects. Specifically, LCA contains three levels of analysis for any option: (1) direct financial benefits (revenues) and out-of-pocket costs for a course of action; (2) environmental and health consequences of a decision; and (3) other economic and socio-institutional effects. Because some of the components of LCA are difficult to value in monetary terms, the outcome of the LCA process is not generally a yes-no answer. However, the framework allows the decisionmaker to at least qualitatively consider all relevant factors in analyzing options, promoting sound decisionmaking in the process.

  6. Simplex Tableau Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Tableau Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 9 Haijun Li lih of Optimization, Lecture 9 Spring 2012 1 / 9 #12;Simplex Tableau Recap: Simplex Method for Max LP Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 9 Spring 2012 2 / 9 #12;Simplex Tableau Simplex Algorithm

  7. Simplex Method Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Method Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 7 Haijun Li lih of Optimization, Lecture 7 Spring 2012 1 / 20 #12;Simplex Method Standard Form Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 7 Spring 2012 2 / 20 #12;Simplex Method Figure: Two consecutive shifts and constraints

  8. arXiv:condmat/0310072 Minimum dissipation principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrielli, Davide

    uctuation principle which generalizes the well known Boltzmann{Einstein formula for the probability have opposite transformation properties under time reversal, the non dissipative part being in this respect akin to a magnetic term. We emphasize that the minimum dissipation principle is of general

  9. Principles, Meet Practice An Early Retrospective on SAFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Benjamin C.

    #12;Principles Clean-slate co-design Push security into hardware Pervasive verification Defense in depth #12;Clean-slate design #12;Clean-slate design: Principles No requirement-design across traditional system layers #12;Clean-slate design: Practice Lots of fun! Way to explore new

  10. KEYNOTE PAPER Principles of good assessment and feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azzopardi, Leif

    KEYNOTE PAPER Principles of good assessment and feedback: Theory and practice David Nicol for the theory and practice of assessment in higher education. It presents 10 principles of good assessment underpinning good assessment practice in higher education. In one paper, I (with a colleague) formulated seven

  11. An Exponential Separation between the Matching Principle and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beame, Paul

    principle is the perfect matching principle, NPM n , which states that no graph on 2n + 1 nodes consists of a perfect matching. We encode NPM n using \\Gamma 2n+1 2 \\Delta matching variables, P fi;jg , i; j 鸥 2n+ 1. Using these variables, NPM n can be written as the disjunction of the following matching clauses: V f

  12. Joint Synchronization and Decoding Exploiting the Turbo Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regalia, Phillip A.

    Joint Synchronization and Decoding Exploiting the Turbo Principle John M. Walsh and C. Richard麓el麓ecommunications/GET 91011 Evry cedex France Abstract-- This paper investigates turbo methods for joint synchronization and decoding in pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) systems. We begin with a brief review of the turbo principle

  13. Violations of the ceiling principle: Exact conditions and statistical evidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slimowitz, J.R. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)); Cohen, J.E. (Rockefeller Univ., New York (United States))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Research Council recommended the use of the ceiling principle in forensic applications of DNA testing on the grounds that the ceiling principle was believed to be [open quotes]conservative,[close quotes] giving estimates greater than or equal to the actual genotype frequencies in the appropriate reference population. The authors show here that the ceiling principle can fail to be conservative in a population with two subpopulations and two loci, each with two alleles at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, if there is some linkage disequilibrium between loci. They also show that the ceiling principle can fail in a population with two subpopulations and a single locus with two alleles if Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium does not hold. They given explicit analytical formulas to describe when the ceiling principle fails. By showing that the ceiling principle is not always mathematically reliable, this analysis gives users of the ceiling principle the responsibility of demonstrating that it is conservative for the particular data with which it is used. Reanalysis of VNTR data bases of the FBI provides compelling evidence of two-locus associations within three major ethnic groups (Caucasian, black, and Hispanic) in the United States, even though the loci tested are located on different chromosomes. Before the ceiling principle is implemented, more research should be done to determine whether it may be violated in practice. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  14. Transversity from First Principles in QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Transversity observables, such as the T-odd Sivers single-spin asymmetry measured in deep inelastic lepton scattering on polarized protons and the distributions which are measured in deeply virtual Compton scattering, provide important constraints on the fundamental quark and gluon structure of the proton. In this talk I discuss the challenge of computing these observables from first principles; i.e.; quantum chromodynamics, itself. A key step is the determination of the frame-independent light-front wavefunctions (LFWFs) of hadrons - the QCD eigensolutions which are analogs of the Schroedinger wavefunctions of atomic physics. The lensing effects of initial-state and final-state interactions, acting on LFWFs with different orbital angular momentum, lead to T-odd transversity observables such as the Sivers, Collins, and Boer-Mulders distributions. The lensing effect also leads to leading-twist phenomena which break leading-twist factorization such as the breakdown of the Lam-Tung relation in Drell-Yan reactions. A similar rescattering mechanism also leads to diffractive deep inelastic scattering, as well as nuclear shadowing and non-universal antishadowing. It is thus important to distinguish 'static' structure functions, the probability distributions computed the target hadron's light-front wavefunctions, versus 'dynamical' structure functions which include the effects of initial- and final-state rescattering. I also discuss related effects such as the J = 0 fixed pole contribution which appears in the real part of the virtual Compton amplitude. AdS/QCD, together with 'Light-Front Holography', provides a simple Lorentz-invariant color-confining approximation to QCD which is successful in accounting for light-quark meson and baryon spectroscopy as well as hadronic LFWFs.

  15. Locoine, the Poisonous Principle of Loco Weed, Astragalus earlei.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weed Astragalus *lei. The toxic principle has been given the name locoine. has been isolated by a long series of chemical separations, :h separation being tested by feeding to cats. It is a strong se, very soluble in water a.nd alcohol, but only... of the Toxic Principle The loco weed was at first extracted with boiling water. Considerable quantities of materials other than the toxic substance were dissolved. After the poisonous principle was found to be very soluble in alcohol, the plant...

  16. Large deviations principles of Non-Freidlin-Wentzell type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaykov Foukzon

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Generalized Large deviation principles was developed for Colombeau-Ito SDE with a random coefficients. We is significantly expand the classical theory of large deviations for randomly perturbed dynamical systems developed by Freidlin and Wentzell.Using SLDP approach, jumps phenomena, in financial markets, also is considered. Jumps phenomena, in financial markets is explained from the first principles, without any reference to Poisson jump process. In contrast with a phenomenological approach we explain such jumps phenomena from the first principles, without any reference to Poisson jump process.

  17. Application of Lean Management Principles to Election Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posner, Tomer

    Lean was first adopted as a management technique for improving results in manufacturing environments. It is based on the 5 principles of identifying the Value to be created, mapping the Value-Stream (incremental addition ...

  18. Application of lean management principles to election systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Posner, Tomer

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lean was first adopted as a management technique for improving results in manufacturing environments. It is based on the 5 principles of identifying the Value to be created, mapping the Value-Stream (incremental addition ...

  19. Variational principle for optimal accelerated neutralized flow A. Fruchtman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Variational principle for optimal accelerated neutralized flow A. Fruchtman Holon Academic Institute of Technology, 52 Golomb Street, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102, Israel N. J. Fisch Princeton Plasma

  20. Colorado State University Brand Toolbox I Design principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado State University Brand Toolbox I Design principles Graphic standards Communicators Updated 3/2013 #12;Communications Assurance...................................... 1 Graphic Standards, or general consent as a model or example; criterion. Graphic Standards #12;Colorado State University Brand

  1. Violation of the Weak Equivalence Principle in Bekenstein's theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Kraiselburd; H. Vucetich

    2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Bekenstein has shown that violation of Weak Equivalence Principle is strongly supressed in his model of charge variation. In this paper, it is shown that nuclear magnetic energy is large enough to produce observable effects in Eotvos experiments.

  2. An application of lean principles within a semiconductor manufacturing environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildeman, Roy C

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intel Corporation's Fab 23 is committed to implementing lean manufacturing to reduce their production cycle times and cost. This thesis is focused around the development of the principles of lean that are most relevant to ...

  3. 5.111 Principles of Chemical Science, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceyer, Sylvia Teresse

    Introduction to chemistry, with emphasis on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. Introduction to the chemistry of ...

  4. Inelastic transport In molecular junctions from first principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sejoong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work is dedicated to development of a first-principle approach to study electron-vibration interactions on quantum transport properties. In the first part we discuss a general implementation for inelastic transport ...

  5. First-principles characterization of formate and carboxyl adsorption...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    formate and carboxyl adsorption on the stoichiometric CeO2(111) and CeO2(110) surfaces. First-principles characterization of formate and carboxyl adsorption on the stoichiometric...

  6. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 3 Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades 9-12 Subject Where does our food...

  7. Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 5...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5 Energy Literacy Social Studies Guide - Essential Principle 5 Below is information about the student activitylesson plan from your search. Grades 9-12 Subject Should the U.S....

  8. Laser-induced plasma spectroscopy: principles, methods and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lazic, Violeta; Colao, Francesco; Fantoni, Roberta; Spizzichino, Valeria [ENEA, FIS-LAS, V. E. Fermi 45, Frascati (RM) (Italy); Jovicevic, Sonja [Institute of Physics, 11080 Belgrade, Pregrevica 118 (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Principles of the Laser Induced Plasma Spectroscopy and its advances are reported. Methods for obtaining quantitative analyses are described, together with discussion of some applications and the specific problems.

  9. ENCS 307: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES AND METHODS SECOND (WINTER) TERM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erbilgin, Nadir

    -1- ENCS 307: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES AND METHODS SECOND (WINTER) TERM Instructor Dr. Grading Assignments 50% Exams 50% Course Description Environmental assessments are becoming more common as increasing regulatory requirements are developed. Information collected for environmental assessments must

  10. Design of water-splitting photocatalysts by first principles computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yabi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the design of novel inorganic water-splitting photocatalysts for solar applications using first principles computations. Water-splitting photocatalysts are materials that can photo-catalyze the ...

  11. An uncertainty principle, Wegner estimates and localization near fluctuation boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anne Boutet de Monvel; Daniel Lenz; Peter Stollmann

    2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a simple uncertainty principle and show that it can be applied to prove Wegner estimates near fluctuation boundaries. This gives new classes of models for which localization at low energies can be proven.

  12. 12.540 Principles of Global Positioning Systems, Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herring, Thomas

    The aim of this course is to introduce the principles of the Global Positioning System and to demonstrate its application to various aspects of Earth Sciences. The specific content of the course depends each year on the ...

  13. Precise single cell monitoring reveals principles of cell growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Sungmin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accumulation of mass is a fundamental cellular process that is associated with metabolism, signaling and regulation. Despite the wealth of knowledge in molecular processes the principles of growth in mammalian cells are ...

  14. Must a Bayesian Accept the Likelihood Principle? Daniel Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Must a Bayesian Accept the Likelihood Principle? Daniel Steel Department of Philosophy 503 S. Kedzie Hall Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-1032 Email: steel@msu.edu #12;1 1

  15. Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao Department of Computer Science Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8285 {monnier, saha, shao}@cs.yale.edu YALEU/DCS/TR-1205 November 2000

  16. Principled Scavenging # Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Principled Scavenging # Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao Department of Computer Science Yale University New Haven, CT 065208285 {monnier, saha, shao}@cs.yale.edu ABSTRACT Proof璫arrying code and typed

  17. Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Principled Scavenging Stefan Monnier Bratin Saha Zhong Shao Department of Computer Science Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8285 monnier, saha, shao @cs.yale.edu ABSTRACT Proof-carrying code

  18. applying bioethical principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    box. Pablo Arrighi; Renan Fargetton; Vincent Nesme; Eric Thierry 2011-02-04 17 The Maximum Entropy Principle Applied to a Model Proposed By Lorenz C.A. Severijns Geosciences...

  19. applying core principles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    box. Pablo Arrighi; Renan Fargetton; Vincent Nesme; Eric Thierry 2011-02-04 18 The Maximum Entropy Principle Applied to a Model Proposed By Lorenz C.A. Severijns Geosciences...

  20. On the limiting absorption principle and spectra of quantum graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beng-Seong Ong

    2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The main result of the article is validity of the limiting absorption principle and thus absence of the singular continuous spectrum for compact quantum graphs with several infinite leads attached. The technique used involves Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators.

  1. Quantum Groups, Gravity, and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Maggiore

    1993-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the relationship between the generalized uncertainty principle in quantum gravity and the quantum deformation of the Poincar\\'e algebra. We find that a deformed Newton-Wigner position operator and the generators of spatial translations and rotations of the deformed Poincar\\'e algebra obey a deformed Heisenberg algebra from which the generalized uncertainty principle follows. The result indicates that in the $\\kappa$-deformed Poincar\\'e algebra a minimal observable length emerges naturally.

  2. An additive Hamiltonian plus Landauer's Principle yields quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Fields

    2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that no-signalling, a quantum of action, unitarity, detailed balance, Bell's theorem, the Hilbert-space representation of physical states and the Born rule all follow from the assumption of an additive Hamiltonian together with Landauer's principle. Common statements of the "classical limit" of quantum theory, as well as common assumptions made by "interpretations" of quantum theory, contradict additivity, Landauer's principle, or both.

  3. A thermodynamic hypothesis regarding optimality principles for flow processes in geosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Hui-Hai

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a review of the maximum entropy production principle. RevSeleznev VD (2006) Maximum entropy pro- duction principle inexpenditure rate Maximum entropy production Optimality

  4. Y-12 Sustainable Design Principles for Building Design and Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. G.

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B&W Y-12 is committed to modernizing the Y-12 complex to meet future needs with a sustainable and responsive infrastructure and to integrating sustainability principles and practices into Y-12 work (Y72-001, B&W Y-12 Environmental, Safety and Health Policy). This commitment to sustainability and specifically sustainable design of buildings is also incorporated into Presidential Executive Orders (EO), DOE Orders (DOE O), and goals. Sustainable building design is an approach to design, construct, and operate facilities in an efficient and environmentally sound manner that will produce a healthful, resource-efficient and productive working environment that is inherently protective of the environment. The DOE has established the following 5 Guiding Principles for High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB), and has issued directives that require Y-12 to incorporate the principles and a number of supporting specific practices and techniques into building design, construction and renovation projects: (1) Employ Integrated Design Principles; (2) Optimize Energy Performance; (3) Protect and Conserve Water; (4) Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality; and (5) Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials. The purpose of this document is to present the required sustainable building principles, practices and techniques, summarize the key drivers for incorporating them into Y-12 projects, and present additional recommendations and resources that can be used to support sustainable buildings to enhance the environmental and economic performance of the Y-12 Complex.

  5. Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Garcia-Morales

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and it is used to derive the Schr\\"odinger and Dirac equations and the breaking of the commutativity of spacetime geometry. The formulation provides an explanation of how determinism and random statistical behavior coexist in spacetime and a framework is developed that allows dynamical processes to be formulated in terms of chains of digits. These methods lead to a new (pre-geometrical) foundation for Lorentz transformations and special relativity. The Parker-Rhodes combinatorial hierarchy is encompassed within our approach and this leads to an estimate of the interaction strength of the electromagnetic and gravitational forces that agrees with the experimental values to an error of less than one thousandth. Finally, it is shown how the principle of least-radix economy naturally gives rise to Boltzmann's principle of classical statistical thermodynamics. A new expression for a general (path-dependent) nonequilibrium entropy is proposed satisfying the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

  6. Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs Boson Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alves, Alexandre; da Silva, Roberto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as $M_H= 125.04\\pm 0.25$ GeV, a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel. Our findings suggest that a system of Higgs bosons undergoing a collective decay to Standard Model particles is among the most fundamental ones where the Maximum Entropy Principle applies.

  7. Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs Boson Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre Alves; Alex G. Dias; Roberto da Silva

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as $M_H= 125.04\\pm 0.25$ GeV, a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel. Our findings suggest that a system of Higgs bosons undergoing a collective decay to Standard Model particles is among the most fundamental ones where the Maximum Entropy Principle applies.

  8. Stereoscopic Media Editing based on 3D Cinematography Principles Chun-Wei Liu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    Stereoscopic Media Editing based on 3D Cinematography Principles Chun-Wei Liu1 Tz-Huan Huang1 Ming, especially for stereoscopic media captured by consumers. This paper in- troduces 3D cinematography principles in stereoscopic media processing. 2 Principles and applications 3D cinematography principles. 3D filmmakers have

  9. Dual Extremum Principles in Finite Deformation Theory with Applications to Post-Buckling Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, David Yang

    , 1976; Auchmuty, 1983). The symmetry be- tween the primal and dual energy principles is amaz- ingly

  10. Composite system in noncommutative space and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kh. P. Gnatenko

    2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The motion of a composite system made of N particles is examined in a space with a canonical noncommutative algebra of coordinates. It is found that the coordinates of the center-of-mass position satisfy noncommutative algebra with effective parameter. Therefore, the upper bound of the parameter of noncommutativity is re-examined. We conclude that the weak equivalence principle is violated in the case of a non-uniform gravitational field and propose the condition for the recovery of this principle in noncommutative space. Furthermore, the same condition is derived from the independence of kinetic energy on the composition.

  11. The Equivalence Principle and the Constants of Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibault Damour

    2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly review the various contexts within which one might address the issue of ``why'' the dimensionless constants of Nature have the particular values that they are observed to have. Both the general historical trend, in physics, of replacing a-priori-given, absolute structures by dynamical entities, and anthropic considerations, suggest that coupling ``constants'' have a dynamical nature. This hints at the existence of observable violations of the Equivalence Principle at some level, and motivates the need for improved tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  12. Locoine, the Poisonous Principle of Loco Weed, Astragalus earlei.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~l@rd & :J!j ha~':cl: C Acg e3: Texas College Staiion, Te~as. AGRICUhTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President - v eac ba* in n "L Phis bulletin contains an account of the separation and lation of the toxic principle of the loco... weed Astragalus *lei. The toxic principle has been given the name locoine. has been isolated by a long series of chemical separations, :h separation being tested by feeding to cats. It is a strong se, very soluble in water a.nd alcohol, but only...

  13. Guiding Principles for Sustainable Existing Buildings: Radiochemical Processing Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, Jason E.

    2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2006, the United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) signed the Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), along with 21 other agencies. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exceeding this requirement and, currently, about 25 percent of its buildings are High Performance and Sustainable Buildings. The pages that follow document the Guiding Principles conformance effort for the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) at PNNL. The RPL effort is part of continued progress toward a building inventory that is 100 percent compliant with the Guiding Principles.

  14. A note on the Landauer principle in quantum statistical mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vojkan Jaksic; Claude-Alain Pillet

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Landauer principle asserts that the energy cost of erasure of one bit of information by the action of a thermal reservoir in equilibrium at temperature T is never less than $kTlog 2$. We discuss Landauer's principle for quantum statistical models describing a finite level quantum system S coupled to an infinitely extended thermal reservoir R. Using Araki's perturbation theory of KMS states and the Avron-Elgart adiabatic theorem we prove, under a natural ergodicity assumption on the joint system S+R, that Landauer's bound saturates for adiabatically switched interactions. The recent work of Reeb and Wolf on the subject is discussed and compared.

  15. Reserve asset values and the "hotelling valuation principle"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hotelling Valuation Principle, that the in-situ value of a mineral unit equals the current net price, is a special case of a more general relation. Tested against a set of recent Canadian sales of oil and gas reserves, ...

  16. Nordstrom's scalar theory of gravity and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathalie Deruelle

    2011-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Nordstrom's theory of gravity, which describes gravity by a scalar field in flat spacetime, is observationally ruled out. It is however the only theory of gravity with General Relativity to obey the strong equivalence principle. I show in this paper that this remarkable property is true beyond post-newtonian level and can be related to the existence of a 'Nordstrom-Katz' superpotential.

  17. The Equivalence Principle as a Probe for Higher Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul S. Wesson

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Higher-dimensional theories of the kind which may unify gravitation with particle physics can lead to significant modifications of general relativity. In five dimensions, the vacuum becomes non-standard, and the Weak Equivalence Principle becomes a geometrical symmetry which can be broken, perhaps at a level detectable by new tests in space.

  18. Simplex Algorithm Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Algorithm Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lecture 8 Haijun Li lih of Optimization, Lecture 8 Spring 2012 1 / 16 #12;Simplex Algorithm Standard Form Convert an LP problem with m 2012 2 / 16 #12;Simplex Algorithm Standard Form Convert an LP problem with m constraints into standard

  19. FIRST PRINCIPLES MODELING FOR LIDAR SENSING OF COMPLEX ICE SURFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerekes, John

    FIRST PRINCIPLES MODELING FOR LIDAR SENSING OF COMPLEX ICE SURFACES J. Kerekes, A. Goodenough, S of monitoring the dynamics and mass balance of glaciers, ice caps, and ice sheets. However, it is also known that ice surfaces can have complex 3-dimensional structure, which can challenge their accurate retrieval

  20. A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Amlan

    A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles PAUL A. FISHWICK many diverse areas employ simulation models, no agreed-upon taxonomy has been developed to categorize than the design structure of the model. We present a uniform model design taxonomy whose categories

  1. Sustainability principles of the Asian Development Bank's (ADB's) energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Sustainability principles of the Asian Development Bank's (ADB's) energy policy: An opportunity Development Bank (ADB) energy projects to determine how they address the energy sector challenges facing) improving energy efficiency; (2) promoting renewable energy; (3) reducing energy poverty; and (4) enhancing

  2. A stochastic minimum principle and an adaptive pathwise algorithm for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electric power systems a b s t r a c t We present a numerical method for finite-horizon stochastic optimal control models. We derive a stochastic minimum principle (SMP) and then develop a numerical method based-parametric interpolation methods. We present results from a standard linear quadratic control model, and a realistic case

  3. SPH262: Principles of Environmental Health Sciences Unit Rationale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    SPH262: Principles of Environmental Health Sciences Fall 2010 CRN: 54018 Unit Rationale the environment is so broadly defined, the field of environmental health science is usually defined more, methods, and issues related to environmental health sciences. Programmatic learning objectives for UCD MPH

  4. Atomic Spectroscopy and the Correspondence Principle Frank Rioux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Frank

    .9979 10 8 m sec Bohr radius: ao 5.29177 10 11 m Conversion factors: pm 10 12 m aJ 10 18 joule Energy and energies. By fiat Bohr called these stationary states, because the orbiting (accelerating) electron did not radiate energy as required by classical electromagnetic principles. Initial speculation, however

  5. Organizational Design Principles and Techniques for Decision-Theoretic Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durfee, Edmund H.

    Organizational Design Principles and Techniques for Decision-Theoretic Agents Jason Sleight precisely into exactly which parts of an agent's model should be organizationally influenced, and asserts be sanctioned to influence. We present a formal framework for specifying factored organizational influences

  6. The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function Edmund T. Rolls Oxford Centre random spiking times of individual neurons produce a source of noise in the brain. The aim of this book is to consider the effects of this and other noise on brain pro- cessing. We show that in cortical networks

  7. The Transfer of Scientific Principles Using Concrete and Idealized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstone, Robert

    The Transfer of Scientific Principles Using Concrete and Idealized Simulations Robert L. Goldstone the first simulation was manipulated. The elements either remained concrete throughout the simulation, remained idealized, or switched midway into the simulation from concrete to idealized or vice versa

  8. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive calls evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  9. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive call evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  10. Lightweight Security Principles for Distributed Multimedia Based Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    the application of multime- dia security principles for the protection of emerging distributed sensor networks and apply to DSN cybersecurity? To address this issue, we present the following contributions: 1 applications leading to a discussion of its potential role in emerging sensor network applications. 2

  11. COMMUNICATION First Principles Prediction of Protein Folding Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    COMMUNICATION First Principles Prediction of Protein Folding Rates Derek A. Debe and William A studies have demonstrated that many small, single-domain proteins fold via simple two-state kinetics. We. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: protein folding; kinetics; diffusion; fold topology; nucleation

  12. Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation NIPS 2004 Tutorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation NIPS 2004 Tutorial Monday, December 13 in a discussion of optimization? the classic example: photon counting in vision more examples, especially optimal there are notions of optimization ... #12;rhodopsin = organic pigment retinal covalently bound to (and enveloped by

  13. Superconducting Properties MgB 2 from First Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, E.K.U.

    Superconducting Properties MgB 2 from First Principles Floris, Profeta, Lathiotakis, 1 Lu?ders, 4 M, such very high superconducting transition temperature. Focusing on compound, report first nontrivial.25.Jb, 71.15.Mb, -- 74.70.Ad Understanding and predicting superconducting proper颅 ties real materials

  14. Tutorial on seismic interferometry: Part 1 --Basic principles and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    Tutorial on seismic interferometry: Part 1 -- Basic principles and applications Kees Wapenaar1 , Deyan Draganov1 , Roel Snieder2 , Xander Campman3 , and Arie Verdel3 ABSTRACT Seismic interferometry is the retrieval of seismic surface-wave responses from ambient noise and the subsequent tomographic determination

  15. Lung, Artificial: Basic Principles and Current Applications William J. Federspiel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federspiel, William J.

    Lung, Artificial: Basic Principles and Current Applications William J. Federspiel Kristie A. Henchir University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. INTRODUCTION Artificial lungs currently of the lung, which is to oxygenate the blood and remove carbon dioxide. Current artificial lungs are also

  16. A Topological Interpretation of Mach's Principle in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas W. McLaughlin

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting from the Lovelock action and its supplementation by the relevant Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term, the curvature action corresponding to second-order General Relativity is stated in accordance to the topological properties of the space-time manifold $\\mathcal{M}$ with metric solutions being interpreted as topological solitons. Furthermore, this is shown to arise naturally from a topological interpretation of Mach's principle, with the appropriate manifestation of general covariance. Mach's principle is again invoked to suggest formulations of the curvature action in alternative elliptic complexes. The extent of these deviations from the curvature action as constructed in the first part of this paper are remarked upon in the context of contemporary modified theories of gravity.

  17. First-principles Approaches to Simulate Lithiation in Silicon Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qianfan; Wang, Enge

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicon is viewed as an excellent electrode material for lithium batteries due to its high lithium storage capacity. Various Si nano-structures, such as Si nanowires, have performed well as lithium battery anodes and have opened up exciting opportunities for the use of Si in energy storage devices. The mechanism of lithium insertion and the interaction between Li and the Si electrode must be understood at the atomic level; this understanding can be achieved by first-principles simulation. Here, first-principles computations of lithiation in silicon electrodes are reviewed. The review focuses on three aspects: the various properties of bulk Li-Si compounds with different Li concentrations, the electronic structure of Si nanowires and Li insertion behavior in Si nanowires, and the dynamic lithiation process at the Li/Si interface. Potential study directions in this research field and difficulties that the field still faces are discussed at the end.

  18. Predicting the Cosmological Constant from the Causal Entropic Principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Perez, Gilad

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the expected value of the cosmological constant in our universe from the Causal Entropic Principle. Since observers must obey the laws of thermodynamics and causality, the principle asserts that physical parameters are most likely to be found in the range of values for which the total entropy production within a causally connected region is maximized. Despite the absence of more explicit anthropic criteria, the resulting probability distribution turns out to be in excellent agreement with observation. In particular, we find that dust heated by stars dominates the entropy production, demonstrating the remarkable power of this thermodynamic selection criterion. The alternative approach-weighting by the number of"observers per baryon" -- is less well-defined, requires problematic assumptions about the nature of observers, and yet prefers values larger than present experimental bounds.

  19. Noncommutative Common Cause Principles in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G醔or Hofer-Szab; P閠er Vecserny閟

    2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    States in algebraic quantum field theory "typically" establish correlation between spacelike separated events. Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle, generalized to the quantum field theoretical setting, offers an apt tool to causally account for these superluminal correlations. In the paper we motivate first why commutativity between the common cause and the correlating events should be abandoned in the definition of the common cause. Then we show that the Noncommutative Weak Common Cause Principle holds in algebraic quantum field theory with locally finite degrees of freedom. Namely, for any pair of projections A, B supported in spacelike separated regions V_A and V_B, respectively, there is a local projection C not necessarily commuting with A and B such that C is supported within the union of the backward light cones of V_A and V_B and the set {C, non-C} screens off the correlation between A and B.

  20. Using NMR to Validate First-Principles Granular Flow Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Candela; C. Huan; K. Facto; R. Wang; R. W. Mair; R. L. Walsworth

    2005-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments are described for two granular-flow systems, the vibrofluidized bed and the gas-fluidized bed. Using pulsed field gradient, magnetic resonance imaging, and hyperpolarized gas NMR, detailed information is obtained for the density and motions of both grains and interstitial gas. For the vibrofluidized bed, the granular temperature profile is measured and compared with a first-principles formulation of granular hydrodynamics. For the gas-fluidized bed, dynamic correlations in the grain density are used to measure the bubble velocity and hyperpolarized xenon gas NMR is used to measure the bubble-emulsion exchange rate. A goal of these measurements is to verify in earth gravity first-principles theories of granular flows, which then can be used to make concrete predictions for granular flows in reduced gravity.

  1. Quantum maximum entropy principle for a system of identical particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trovato, M. [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Catania, Viale A. Doria, 95125 Catania (Italy); Reggiani, L. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell' Innovazione and CNISM, Universita del Salento, Via Arnesano s/n, 73100 Lecce (Italy)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    By introducing a functional of the reduced density matrix, we generalize the definition of a quantum entropy which incorporates the indistinguishability principle of a system of identical particles. With the present definition, the principle of quantum maximum entropy permits us to solve the closure problem for a quantum hydrodynamic set of balance equations corresponding to an arbitrary number of moments in the framework of extended thermodynamics. The determination of the reduced Wigner function for equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions is found to become possible only by assuming that the Lagrange multipliers can be expanded in powers of (Planck constant/2pi){sup 2}. Quantum contributions are expressed in powers of (Planck constant/2pi){sup 2} while classical results are recovered in the limit (Planck constant/2pi)->0.

  2. New agegraphic dark energy model with generalized uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Wan Kim; Hyung Won Lee; Yun Soo Myung; Mu-In Park

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the new agegraphic dark energy models with generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). It turns out that although the GUP affects the early universe, it does not change the current and future dark energy-dominated universe significantly. Furthermore, this model could describe the matter-dominated universe in the past only when the parameter $n$ is chosen to be $n>n_c$, where the critical value determined to be $n_c=2.799531478$.

  3. Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Wagner; S. Schlamminger; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly summarize motivations for testing the weak equivalence principle and then review recent torsion-balance results that compare the differential accelerations of beryllium-aluminum and beryllium-titanium test body pairs with precisions at the part in $10^{13}$ level. We discuss some implications of these results for the gravitational properties of antimatter and dark matter, and speculate about the prospects for further improvements in experimental sensitivity.

  4. Occam's Razor Cuts Away the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnicki, ?ukasz

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I show that the maximum entropy principle can be replaced by a more natural assumption, that there exists a phenomenological function of entropy consistent with the microscopic model. The requirement of existence provides then a unique construction of the related probability density. I conclude the letter with an axiomatic formulation of the notion of entropy, which is suitable for exploration of the non-equilibrium phenomena.

  5. Some interesting consequences of the maximum entropy production principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martyushev, L. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Division (Russian Federation)], E-mail: mlm@ecko.uran.ru

    2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two nonequilibrium phase transitions (morphological and hydrodynamic) are analyzed by applying the maximum entropy production principle. Quantitative analysis is for the first time compared with experiment. Nonequilibrium crystallization of ice and laminar-turbulent flow transition in a circular pipe are examined as examples of morphological and hydrodynamic transitions, respectively. For the latter transition, a minimum critical Reynolds number of 1200 is predicted. A discussion of this important and interesting result is presented.

  6. Variational Principle of Hydrodynamics and Quantization by Stochastic Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Kodama; T. Koide

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The well-known hydrodynamical representation of the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation is reformulated by extending the idea of Nelson-Yasue's stochastic variational method. The fluid flow is composed by the two stochastic processes from the past and the future, which are unified naturally by the principle of maximum entropy. We show that this formulation is easily applicable to the quantization of scalar fields.

  7. Generalized Uncertainty Principle: Implications for Black Hole Complementarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pisin Chen; Yen Chin Ong; Dong-han Yeom

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    At the heart of the black hole information loss paradox and the firewall controversy lies the conflict between quantum mechanics and general relativity. Much has been said about quantum corrections to general relativity, but much less in the opposite direction. It is therefore crucial to examine possible corrections to quantum mechanics due to gravity. Indeed, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle is one profound feature of quantum mechanics, which nevertheless may receive correction when gravitational effects become important. Such generalized uncertainty principle [GUP] has been motivated from not only quite general considerations of quantum mechanics and gravity, but also string theoretic arguments. We examine the role of GUP in the context of black hole complementarity. We find that while complementarity can be violated by large N rescaling if one assumes only the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, the application of GUP may save complementarity, but only if certain N-dependence is also assumed. This raises two important questions beyond the scope of this work, i.e., whether GUP really has the proposed form of N-dependence, and whether black hole complementarity is indeed correct.

  8. Nonlocal Quantization Principle in Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Kober

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a nonlocal generalization of field quantization is suggested. This quantization principle presupposes the assumption that the commutator between a field operator an the operator of the canonical conjugated variable referring to other space-time points does not vanish as it is postulated in the usual setting of quantum field theory. Based on this presupposition the corresponding expressions for the field operators, the eigenstates and the path integral formula are determined. The nonlocal quantization principle also leads to a generalized propagator. If the dependence of the commutator between operators on different space-time points on the distance of these points is assumed to be described by a Gaussian function, one obtains that the propagator is damped by an exponential. This leads to a disappearance of UV divergences. The transfer of the nonlocal quantization principle to canonical quantum gravity is considered as well. In this case the commutator has to be assumed to depend also on the gravitational field, since the distance between two points depends on the metric field.

  9. Design principles for the development of space technology maturation laboratories aboard the International Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saenz Otero, Alvar, 1975-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis formulates seven design principles for the development of laboratories which utilize the International Space Station (ISS) to demonstrate the maturation of space technologies. The principles are derived from ...

  10. Adsorption of Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles Investigation. Adsorption of Potassium on the MoS2(100) Surface: A First-Principles Investigation. Abstract: Periodic density...

  11. Opportunities and challenges for first-principles materials design and applications to Li battery materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    The idea of first-principles methods is to determine the properties of materials by solving the basic equations of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. With such an approach, one can, in principle, predict the ...

  12. Design Principles and Performance Metrics for Magnetic Refrigerators Operating Near Room Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Design Principles and Performance Metrics for Magnetic Refrigerators Operating Near Room Principles and Performance Metrics for Magnetic Refrigerators Operating Near Room Temperature by Daniel Sean decade, active magnetic regenerative (AMR) refrigeration technology has progressed towards commercial

  13. Hawking temperature for various kinds of black holes from Heisenberg uncertainty principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabio Scardigli

    2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Hawking temperature is computed for a large class of black holes (with spherical, toroidal and hyperboloidal topologies) using only laws of classical physics plus the "classical" Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. This principle is shown to be fully sufficient to get the result, and there is no need to this scope of a Generalized Uncertainty Principle.

  14. 02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 1 First Principles Modeling of Electrolye Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzwarth, Natalie

    02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 1 First Principles Modeling of Electrolye Materials in All Abdessadek Lachgar. #12;02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 2 Outline What is meant by "first principles/electrode interfaces Remaining challenges #12;02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 3 What is meant by "first principles

  15. THE TAME-WILD PRINCIPLE FOR DISCRIMINANT RELATIONS FOR NUMBER FIELDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, David P.

    THE TAME-WILD PRINCIPLE FOR DISCRIMINANT RELATIONS FOR NUMBER FIELDS JOHN W. JONES AND DAVID P, these divisibility relations continue to hold even in the presence of wild ramification. 1. Overview Let G that the tame- wild principle holds for (G, 1, . . . , r). Our terminology "tame-wild principle" is intended

  16. q-deformed fermion oscillators, zero-point energy and inclusion-exclusion principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Narayana Swamy

    1999-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of Fermion oscillators has two essential ingredients: zero-point energy and Pauli exclusion principle. We devlop the theory of the statistical mechanics of generalized q-deformed Fermion oscillator algebra with inclusion principle (i.e., without the exclusion principle), which corresponds to ordinary fermions with Pauli exclusion principle in the classical limit $q \\to 1$. Some of the remarkable properties of this theory play a crucial role in the understanding of the q-deformed Fermions. We show that if we insist on the weak exclusion principle, then the theory has the expected low temperature limit as well as the correct classical q-limit.

  17. On the energy-time uncertainty principle A didactical note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giribet, G

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This brief note has the didactical purpose of discussing the meaning of the uncertainty principle involving energy and time in quantum mechanics by means of a review of the seminal works on this subject. The importance of this topic is, indeed, frequently neglected in several textbooks on quantum mechanics. Then, these pages are addressed to students attenting to an undergraduate course on quantum theory; and the original aim is that of presenting a list of references of the points that take part in the principal discussions on the subject. Special attention is devoted to the discussion of the fallacies, which are certainly persistent in the didactical literature.

  18. Equivalence principle and experimental tests of gravitational spin effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Silenko; O. V. Teryaev

    2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the possibility of experimental testing the manifestations of equivalence principle in spin-gravity interactions. We reconsider the earlier experimental data and get the first experimental bound on anomalous gravitomagnetic moment. The spin coupling to the Earth's rotation may also be explored at the extensions of neutron EDM and g-2 experiments. The spin coupling to the terrestrial gravity produces a considerable effect which may be discovered at the planned deuteron EDM experiment. The Earth's rotation should also be taken into account in optical experiments on a search for axionlike particles.

  19. Quantum bath refrigeration towards absolute zero: unattainability principle challenged

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Kol?; David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky; Robert Alicki; Gershon Kurizki

    2012-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A minimal model of a quantum refrigerator (QR), i.e. a periodically phase-flipped two-level system permanently coupled to a finite-capacity bath (cold bath) and an infinite heat dump (hot bath), is introduced and used to investigate the cooling of the cold bath towards the absolute zero (T=0). Remarkably, the temperature scaling of the cold-bath cooling rate reveals that it does not vanish as T->0 for certain realistic quantized baths, e.g. phonons in strongly disordered media (fractons) or quantized spin-waves in ferromagnets (magnons). This result challenges Nernst's third-law formulation known as the unattainability principle.

  20. Fermion Masses and Mixings from a Minimum Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrigo Alonso

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $\\left[U(3)\\right]^5\\otimes {\\mathcal O}(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one mixing angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and one maximal relative Majorana phase. The scheme presented here could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay and cosmological measurements.

  1. Critical Remarks on Landauer's principle of erasure-dissipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laszlo B. Kish; Claes-Goran Granqvist; Sunil P. Khatri; Janusz Smulko

    2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly address Landauer's Principle and some related issues in thermal demons. We show that an error-free Turing computer works in the zero-entropy limit, which proves Landauer's derivation incorrect. To have a physical logic gate, memory or information-engine, a few essential components necessary for the operation of these devices are often neglected, such as various aspects of control, damping and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We also point out that bit erasure is typically not needed or used for the functioning of computers or engines (except for secure erasure).

  2. Magnetized Target Fusion (MTF): Principles, Status, and International Collaboration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkpatrick, R.C.

    1998-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetized target fusion (MTF) is an approach to thermonuclear fusion that is intermediate between the two extremes of inertial and magnetic confinement. Target plasma preparation is followed by compression to fusion conditions. The use of a magnetic field to reduce electron thermal conduction and potentially enhance DT alpha energy deposition allows the compression rate to be drastically reduced relative to that for inertial confinement fusion. This leads to compact systems with target driver power and intensity requirements that are orders of magnitude lower than for ICF. A liner on plasma experiment has been proposed to provide a firm proof of principle for MTF.

  3. Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Zandof EnergyTwo PhaseTwo Principles For

  4. General proof of entropy principle in Einstein-Maxwell theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Xiongjun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a static self-gravitating charged perfect fluid system in the Einstein-Maxwell theory. Assume Maxwell's equation and the Einstein constraint equation are satisfied, and the temperature of the fluid obeys Tolman's law. Then we prove that the total entropy of the fluid achieves an extremum implies other components of Einstein's equation for any variations of metric and electrical potential with fixed boundary values. Conversely, if Einstein's equation and Maxwell's equations hold, the total entropy achieves an extremum. Our work suggests that the maximum entropy principle is consistent with Einstein's equation when electric field is taken into account.

  5. Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of the Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James G. Williams; Slava G. Turyshev; Dale Boggs

    2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment provides precise observations of the lunar orbit that contribute to a wide range of science investigations. In particular, time series of highly accurate measurements of the distance between the Earth and Moon provide unique information that determine whether, in accordance with the Equivalence Principle (EP), both of these celestial bodies are falling towards the Sun at the same rate, despite their different masses, compositions, and gravitational self-energies. Analyses of precise laser ranges to the Moon continue to provide increasingly stringent limits on any violation of the EP. Current LLR solutions give (-0.8 +/- 1.3) x 10^{-13} for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon, (m_G/m_I)_E - (m_G/m_I)_M. Such an accurate result allows other tests of gravitational theories. Focusing on the tests of the EP, we discuss the existing data and data analysis techniques. The robustness of the LLR solutions is demonstrated with several different approaches to solutions. Additional high accuracy ranges and improvements in the LLR data analysis model will further advance the research of relativistic gravity in the solar system, and will continue to provide highly accurate tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  6. Variational principles with Pad approximants for tearing mode analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Andrew J. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Finn, John M. [Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)] [Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tearing modes occur in several distinct physical regimes, and it is often important to compute the inner layer response for these modes with various effects. There is a need for an approximate and efficient method of solving the inner layer equations in all these regimes. In this paper, we introduce a method of solving the inner layer equations based on using a variational principle with Pad approximants. For all the regimes considered, the main layer equations to be solved are inhomogeneous, and Pad approximants give a convenient and efficient method of satisfying the correct asymptotic behavior at the edge of the layer. Results using this variational principle桺ad approximant method in three of these regimes is presented. These regimes are the constant-? resistive-inertial (RI) regime, the constant-? viscoresistive regime, and the non-constant-? inviscid tearing regime. The last regime includes the constant-? RI regime and the inertial regime. The results show that reasonable accuracy can be obtained very efficiently with Pad approximants having a small number of parameters.

  7. Noncommutative Common Cause Principles in algebraic quantum field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hofer-Szabo, Gabor [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary)] [Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest (Hungary); Vecsernyes, Peter [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)] [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    States in algebraic quantum field theory 'typically' establish correlation between spacelike separated events. Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle, generalized to the quantum field theoretical setting, offers an apt tool to causally account for these superluminal correlations. In the paper we motivate first why commutativity between the common cause and the correlating events should be abandoned in the definition of the common cause. Then we show that the Noncommutative Weak Common Cause Principle holds in algebraic quantum field theory with locally finite degrees of freedom. Namely, for any pair of projections A, B supported in spacelike separated regions V{sub A} and V{sub B}, respectively, there is a local projection C not necessarily commuting with A and B such that C is supported within the union of the backward light cones of V{sub A} and V{sub B} and the set {l_brace}C, C{sup Up-Tack }{r_brace} screens off the correlation between A and B.

  8. AVTA: 2014 Mazda Mazda3 i-ELOOP Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  9. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for National Institute of Health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report focuses on the National Institute of Health (NIH) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  10. AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act Project Testing Results- Phase 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Chrysler RAM PHEV, a demonstration vehicle not currently available for sale.

  11. AVTA: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  12. AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Civic hybrid electric vehicle with an advanced experimental ultra-lead acid battery, an experimental vehicle not for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  13. AVTA: 2010 Honda CR-Z Hybrid Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  14. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for NASA White Sands Test Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report focuses on the NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  15. AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act Project Testing Results Phase 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Chrysler RAM PHEV, a demonstration vehicle not currently available for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  16. AVTA: ChargePoint America Recovery Act project map of charging units

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe the distribution of charging infrastructure through the Chargepoint America project, which deployed 4,600 public and home charging stations throughout the U.S. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  17. AVTA: Quantifying the Effects of Idle Stop Systems on Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. This report gives an overall analysis of stop-start technology. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  18. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for NASA Glenn Research Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity抯 study seeks to collect and evaluate data to validate the utilization of advanced plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) transportation. This report focuses on the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agencies fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively referred to as PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  19. AVTA: 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road....

  20. AVTA: 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Ford CMAX Energi (a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle).

  1. AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act project map

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following map describes the distribution of vehicles for a project with the 2011 Chrysler RAM PHEV, a demonstration vehicle not currently available for sale. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Plug-in Electric Vehicle On-Road

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment ofConstruction|(EVSE) TestingDemonstration

  3. AVTA: 2009 BWM Mini-E All-Electric Vehicle Testing Report | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2009 BMW Mini-e, a demonstration vehicle not available on the market. The baseline performance...

  4. AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARAManager Qualification StandardEnergy

  5. AVTA: Testing Results on the USPS Long-life Vehicle Conversions to

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARAManager QualificationIncidents

  6. AVTA: Plug-In Hybrid Electric School Buses | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform is always evolving,Response3.pdfNovemberATOMSAbout UsAUDITIncidents

  7. Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) 聟 Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 AAcceleratedDepartmentDepartment2 DOE Hydrogen and FuelCollection |

  8. AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES: AshleyManagerDepartment of Energy

  9. AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:

  10. AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePoint AC Level 2

  11. AVTA: Clipper Creek AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePoint ACof

  12. AVTA: EVSE Charging Protocol for On and Off-Peak Demand | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePoint

  13. AVTA: Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy ChargePointReports

  14. AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of Energy

  15. AVTA: GE Smart Grid Capable AC Level 2 Testing Results | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of EnergyEnergy GE Smart Grid

  16. AVTA: Leviton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of EnergyEnergy GEEnergy

  17. AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of EnergyEnergyEnergySPX

  18. AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:of

  19. AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic26-OPAMATTENDEEES:ofDepartment of Energy

  20. Carbon-rich icosahedral boron carbide designed from first principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay, Antoine; Vast, Nathalie; Sjakste, Jelena; Duparc, Olivier Hardouin [Ecole Polytechnique, Laboratoire des Solides Irradi閟, CEA-DSM-IRAMIS, CNRS UMR 7642, F-91120 Palaiseau (France)

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The carbon-rich boron-carbide (B{sub 11}C)C-C has been designed from first principles within the density functional theory. With respect to the most common boron carbide at 20% carbon concentration B{sub 4}C, the structural modification consists in removing boron atoms from the chains linking (B{sub 11}C) icosahedra. With C-C instead of C-B-C chains, the formation of vacancies is shown to be hindered, leading to enhanced mechanical strength with respect to B{sub 4}C. The phonon frequencies and elastic constants turn out to prove the stability of the carbon-rich phase, and important fingerprints for its characterization have been identified.

  1. Elastic properties of superconducting MAX phases from first principles calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. R. Shein; A. L. Ivanovskii

    2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Using first-principles density functional calculations, a systematic study on the elastic properties for all known superconducting MAX phases (Nb2SC, Nb2SnC, Nb2AsC, Nb2InC, Mo2GaC and Ti2InC) was performed. As a result, the optimized lattice parameters, independent elastic constants, indicators of elastic anisotropy and brittle/ductile behavior as well as the so-called machinability indexis were calculated. We derived also bulk and shear moduli, Young's moduli, and Poisson's ratio for ideal polycrystalline MAX aggregates. The results obtained were discussed in comparison with available theoretical and experimental data and elastic parameters for other layered superconductors.

  2. Hydrogen storage in LiH: A first principle study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banger, Suman, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Nayak, Vikas, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Verma, U. P., E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    First principles calculations have been performed on the Lithium hydride (LiH) using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the framework of density functional theory. We have extended our calculations for LiH+2H and LiH+6H in NaCl structure. The structural stability of three compounds have been studied. It is found that LiH with 6 added Hydrogen atoms is most stable. The obtained results for LiH are in good agreement with reported experimental data. Electronic structures of three compounds are also studied. Out of three the energy band gap in LiH is ?3.0 eV and LiH+2H and LiH+6H are metallic.

  3. Neutrino Mixing and Masses from a Minimum Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, R; Isidori, G; Maiani, L

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $[SU(3)]^5\\otimes {\\mathcal O}(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and precise values for the two Majorana phases. Adding small perturbations the predicted structure for the neutrino mass matrix is in excellent agreement with present observations and could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay. The generalization of these results to arbitrary sew-saw models is also discussed.

  4. Application of ALARA principles to shipment of spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenborg, J.; Brackenbush, L.W.; Murphy, D.W. Burnett, R.A.; Lewis, J.R.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The public exposure from spent fuel shipment is very low. In view of this low exposure and the perfect safety record for spent fuel shipment, existing systems can be considered satisfactory. On the other hand, occupational exposure reduction merits consideration and technology improvement to decrease dose should concentrate on this exposure. Practices that affect the age of spent fuel in shipment and the number of times the fuel must be shipped prior to disposal have the largest impact. A policy to encourage a 5-year spent fuel cooling period prior to shipment coupled with appropriate cask redesign to accommodate larger loads would be consistent with ALARA and economic principles. And finally, bypassing high population density areas will not in general reduce shipment dose.

  5. Predicting the Cosmological Constant from the CausalEntropic Principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bousso, Raphael; Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Perez, Gilad

    2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the expected value of the cosmological constant in our universe from the Causal Entropic Principle. Since observers must obey the laws of thermodynamics and causality, it asserts that physical parameters are most likely to be found in the range of values for which the total entropy production within a causally connected region is maximized. Despite the absence of more explicit anthropic criteria, the resulting probability distribution turns out to be in excellent agreement with observation. In particular, we find that dust heated by stars dominates the entropy production, demonstrating the remarkable power of this thermodynamic selection criterion. The alternative approach--weighting by the number of ''observers per baryon''--is less well-defined, requires problematic assumptions about the nature of observers, and yet prefers values larger than present experimental bounds.

  6. Variational Principles for Constrained Electromagnetic Field and Papapetrou Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. T. Muminov

    2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In our previous article [4] an approach to derive Papapetrou equations for constrained electromagnetic field was demonstrated by use of field variational principles. The aim of current work is to present more universal technique of deduction of the equations which could be applied to another types of non-scalar fields. It is based on Noether theorem formulated in terms of Cartan' formalism of orthonormal frames. Under infinitesimal coordinate transformation the one leads to equation which includes volume force of spin-gravitational interaction. Papapetrou equation for vector of propagation of the wave is derived on base of the equation. Such manner of deduction allows to formulate more accurately the constraints and clarify equations for the potential and for spin.

  7. First principles molecular dynamics without self-consistent field optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souvatzis, Petros

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a first principles molecular dynamics approach that is based on time-reversible ex- tended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The optimization-free dynamics keeps the computational cost to a minimum and typically provides molecular trajectories that closely follow the exact Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface. Only one single diagonalization and Hamiltonian (or Fockian) costruction are required in each integration time step. The proposed dy- namics is derived for a general free-energy potential surface valid at finite electronic temperatures within hybrid density functional theory. Even in the event of irregular functional behavior that may cause a dynamical instability, the optimization-free limit represents an ideal starting guess for force calculations that may require a more elaborate iterative electronic ground state optimization. Our optimization-free dynamics thus represents ...

  8. Separation of carbon dioxide from flue emissions using Endex principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ball, R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an Endex reactor endothermic and exothermic reactions are directly thermally coupled and kinetically matched to achieve intrinsic thermal stability, efficient conversion, autothermal operation, and minimal heat losses. Applied to the problem of in-line carbon dioxide separation from flue gas, Endex principles hold out the promise of effecting a carbon dioxide capture technology of unprecedented economic viability. In this work we describe an Endex Calcium Looping reactor, in which heat released by chemisorption of carbon dioxide onto calcium oxide is used directly to drive the reverse reaction, yielding a pure stream of carbon dioxide for compression and geosequestration. In this initial study we model the proposed reactor as a continuous-flow dynamical system in the well-stirred limit, compute the steady states and analyse their stability properties over the operating parameter space, flag potential design and operational challenges, and suggest an optimum regime for effective operation.

  9. On the Equivalence Principle and Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trzetrzelewski, Maciej

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider an observer surrounded by a charged, conducting elevator (assume that the charge is isolated from the observer). In the presence of the external electric field the elevator will accelerate however, due to the screening effect, the observer will not be able to detect any electromagnetic field. According to the equivalence principle, the observer may identify the cause of the acceleration with the external gravitational field. However the elevator's motion is given by Lorentz-force equation. Therefore there should exist a metric, depending on electromagnetic potential, for which the geodesics coincide with the trajectories of the charged body in the electromagnetic field. We give a solution to this problem by finding such metric. In doing so one must impose a constraint on the electromagnetic field in a certain way. That constraint turns out to be achievable by marginal gauge transformations whose phase is closely related to the Hamilton-Jacobi function. Finally we show that for weak fields the Einstei...

  10. The Principle of Least Action and Clustering in Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikel Susperregi; James Binney

    1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A scheme is developed which enables one to trace backwards in time the cosmic density and velocity fields, and to determine accurately the current-epoch velocity field from the current-epoch density field, or vice versa. The scheme implements the idea of Giavalisco \\etal\\ (1993) that the principle of least action should be used to formulate gravitational instability as a two-point boundary-value problem. We argue that the Eulerian formulation of the problem is to be preferred to the Lagrangian one, on grounds of computational simplicity, of ease of interfacing with observational data, and of internal consistency at early times. The scheme is successfully tested on an exact solution in one dimension, and on currently Gaussian fields in one and two dimensions. The application of the scheme to real observational data appears to be eminently feasible, though computationally costly.

  11. Derivation of Field Equations from the Principle of the Fermionic Projector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felix Finster

    1996-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    With the concept of "discrete space-time" the space-time continuum is resolved into discrete points at the scale of the Planck length. We postulate with the "principle of the fermionic projector" that physical equations must be formulated intrinsically in discrete space-time with the projector on fermionic states. This principle combines the Pauli principle, a local gauge principle and the principle of relativity, but does not include a locality or causality principle. It is shown that a well-established limit yields the structure of a Lorentzian manifold. The equations of discrete space-time reduce to classical field equations. This preliminary text is intended as introduction. Detailed calculations can be obtained from the author on request.

  12. BIM Principles to Practice: Using BIM to Create a New Model for Producing Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naugle, Nicholas D.

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    BIM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE: USING BIM TO CREATE A NEW MODEL FOR PRODUCING ANIMATION A Thesis by NICHOLAS D. NAUGLE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2011 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences i BIM Principles to Practice: Using BIM to Create a New Model for Producing Animation Copyright Nicholas D. Naugle 2011 xiv BIM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE: USING BIM TO CREATE A NEW...

  13. Another algebraic variational principle for the spectral curve of matrix models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Eynard

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an alternative variational principle whose critical point is the algebraic plane curve associated to a matrix model (the spectral curve, i.e. the large $N$ limit of the resolvent). More generally, we consider a variational principle that is equivalent to the problem of finding a plane curve with given asymptotics and given cycle integrals. This variational principle is not given by extremization of the energy, but by the extremization of an "entropy".

  14. Transforming commercial aerospace supply chain management practices by utilizing Toyota production system principles, practices, and methodologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patneaude, Steven M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines The Toyota Motor Corporation's core precepts, management principles, supply chain architecture, product development methods, leveraged practice of supplier partnerships and procurement practices, all ...

  15. Microsoft Word - LAP REC Principles - FINAL 2010-08-02.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2010 1 Loveland Area Projects (LAP) Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Program Principles 1. All customers that receive LAP Firm Electric Service (FES) allocations and take delivery...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about first principles calculations...

  17. Cartan gravity, matter fields, and the gauge principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westman, Hans F., E-mail: hwestman74@gmail.com [Imperial College Theoretical Physics, Huxley Building, London, SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Zlosnik, Tom G., E-mail: t.zlosnik@imperial.ac.uk [Instituto de F韘ica Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 113-B, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravity is commonly thought of as one of the four force fields in nature. However, in standard formulations its mathematical structure is rather different from the Yang朚ills fields of particle physics that govern the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions. This paper explores this dissonance with particular focus on how gravity couples to matter from the perspective of the Cartan-geometric formulation of gravity. There the gravitational field is represented by a pair of variables: (1) a 慶ontact vector V{sup A} which is geometrically visualized as the contact point between the spacetime manifold and a model spacetime being 憆olled on top of it, and (2) a gauge connection A{sub ?}{sup AB}, here taken to be valued in the Lie algebra of SO(2,3) or SO(1,4), which mathematically determines how much the model spacetime is rotated when rolled. By insisting on two principles, the gauge principle and polynomial simplicity, we shall show how one can reformulate matter field actions in a way that is harmonious with Cartan抯 geometric construction. This yields a formulation of all matter fields in terms of first order partial differential equations. We show in detail how the standard second order formulation can be recovered. In particular, the Hodge dual, which characterizes the structure of bosonic field equations, pops up automatically. Furthermore, the energy杕omentum and spin-density three-forms are naturally combined into a single object here denoted the spin-energy杕omentum three-form. Finally, we highlight a peculiarity in the mathematical structure of our first-order formulation of Yang朚ills fields. This suggests a way to unify a U(1) gauge field with gravity into a SO(1,5)-valued gauge field using a natural generalization of Cartan geometry in which the larger symmetry group is spontaneously broken down to SO(1,3)譛(1). The coupling of this unified theory to matter fields and possible extensions to non-Abelian gauge fields are left as open questions. -- Highlights: 旸evelops Cartan gravity to include matter fields. 旵oupling to gravity is done using the standard gauge prescription. 昅atter actions are manifestly polynomial in all field variables. 昐tandard equations recovered on-shell for scalar, spinor and Yang朚ills fields. 昒nification of a U(1) field with gravity based on the orthogonal group SO(1,5)

  18. adapted mucoid strains: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    proposed by Francfort and Marigo in 19 Cremers, Daniel 2 Adaptation CiteSeer Summary: Climate change is expected to bring potentially significant changes to Washington States...

  19. HEADING FRONTMATTER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JAMES E. FRANCFORT Education and Training Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, USA, M S., Business Administration 1991 Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, USA, B.S.,...

  20. Idaho National Laboratory Testing of Advanced Technology Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation vss021francfort2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Vehicle...

  1. Proof-of-principle experiments of laser Wakefield acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakajima, K.; Kawakubo, T.; Nakanishi, H. [National Lab. for Higher Energy Physics, Ibaraki (Japan)] [and others

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently there has been a great interest in laser-plasma accelerators as possible next-generation particle accelerators because of their potential for ultra high accelerating gradients and compact size compared with conventional accelerators. It is known that the laser pulse is capable of exciting a plasma wave propagating at a phase velocity close to the velocity of light by means of beating two-frequency lasers or an ultra short laser pulse. These schemes came to be known as the Beat Wave Accelerator (BWA) for beating lasers or as the Laser Wakefield Accelerator (LWFA) for a short pulse laser. In this paper, the principle of laser wakefield particle acceleration has been tested by the Nd:glass laser system providing a short pulse with a power of 10 TW and a duration of 1 ps. Electrons accelerated up to 18 MeV/c have been observed by injecting 1 MeV/c electrons emitted from a solid target by an intense laser impact. The accelerating field gradient of 30 GeV/m is inferred.

  2. Thermal conductivity of silicene from first-principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, Han; Bao, Hua, E-mail: hum@ghi.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: hua.bao@sjtu.edu.cn [University of Michigan朣hanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Hu, Ming, E-mail: hum@ghi.rwth-aachen.de, E-mail: hua.bao@sjtu.edu.cn [Institute of Mineral Engineering, Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Georesources and Materials Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen 52064 (Germany); Aachen Institute for Advanced Study in Computational Engineering Science (AICES), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen 52062 (Germany)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicene, as a graphene-like two-dimensional material, now receives exceptional attention of a wide community of scientists and engineers beyond graphene. Despite extensive study on its electric property, little research has been done to accurately calculate the phonon transport of silicene so far. In this paper, thermal conductivity of monolayer silicene is predicted from first-principles method. At 300?K, the thermal conductivity of monolayer silicene is found to be 9.4?W/mK and much smaller than bulk silicon. The contributions from in-plane and out-of-plane vibrations to thermal conductivity are quantified, and the out-of-plane vibration contributes less than 10% of the overall thermal conductivity, which is different from the results of the similar studies on graphene. The difference is explained by the presence of small buckling, which breaks the reflectional symmetry of the structure. The flexural modes are thus not purely out-of-plane vibration and have strong scattering with other modes.

  3. First principles molecular dynamics without self-consistent field optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souvatzis, Petros, E-mail: petros.souvatsiz@fysik.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden); Niklasson, Anders M. N., E-mail: amn@lanl.gov [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a first principles molecular dynamics approach that is based on time-reversible extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [A. M. N. Niklasson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The optimization-free dynamics keeps the computational cost to a minimum and typically provides molecular trajectories that closely follow the exact Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface. Only one single diagonalization and Hamiltonian (or Fockian) construction are required in each integration time step. The proposed dynamics is derived for a general free-energy potential surface valid at finite electronic temperatures within hybrid density functional theory. Even in the event of irregular functional behavior that may cause a dynamical instability, the optimization-free limit represents a natural starting guess for force calculations that may require a more elaborate iterative electronic ground state optimization. Our optimization-free dynamics thus represents a flexible theoretical framework for a broad and general class of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.

  4. TRiPoD (Temporal Relationalism incorporating Principles of Dynamics)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Anderson

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Temporal Relationalism is that there is no time for the universe as a whole at the primary level. Time emerges rather at a secondary level; one compelling idea for this is Mach's: that time is to be abstracted from change. Temporal Relationalism leads to, and better explains, the well-known Frozen Formalism Problem encountered in GR and other background-independent theories at the quantum level. Abstraction from change is then a type of emergent time resolution of this. Moreover, the Frozen Formalism Problem is but one of the many Problem of Time facets, which are notoriously interconnected. The current article concerns modifications of physical formalism which ensure that once Temporal Relationalism is resolved, it stays incorporated. At the classical level, this involves modifying much of the Principles of Dynamics. I first introduce the anti-Routhian to complete the Legendre square of Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and Routhian. I next pass from velocities $\\dot{Q}\\mbox{}^{A}$ to changes d$Q^{A}$. Then Lagrangians are supplanted by Jacobi arc elements, Euler--Lagrange equations by Jacobi--Mach ones, and momentum requires redefining but actions remain unchanged. A differential (d) version of the Hamiltonian is required, giving rise to a variant of the Dirac approach based on a d-almost Hamiltonian subcase of the d-anti Routhian. On the other hand, the forms of the constraints themselves, and of Hamilton--Jacobi theory, remain unaltered.

  5. Principles for the Design of Auditory Interfaces to Present Complex Information to Blind People

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Robert

    Principles for the Design of Auditory Interfaces to Present Complex Information to Blind People Computer Interaction Group, The Department of Computer Science. January 1996 #12;Abstract This thesis proposes a set of principles to aid the design of user interfaces that enable blind users to read complex

  6. Design Principles for the Information Architecture of a SMET Education Digital Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Design Principles for the Information Architecture of a SMET Education Digital Library Andy Dong digital library, principles that address the distinction between designing digital libraries for education and designing digital libraries for information retrieval in general. Design is a key element of any successful

  7. Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wayne

    Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1-dependent interactions cause apparent equivalence principle vi- olations. In the weakly-screened regime violations can [1723]. In these models, all bodies accelerate equivalently in the total field of the fifth force

  8. Simplex Method in Matrix Form Sensitivity Analysis in Matrix Form Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    Simplex Method in Matrix Form Sensitivity Analysis in Matrix Form Math 364: Principles Spring 2012 Haijun Li Math 364: Principles of Optimization, Lectures 14-15 Spring 2012 1 / 24 #12;Simplex, Lectures 14-15 Spring 2012 2 / 24 #12;Simplex Method in Matrix Form Sensitivity Analysis in Matrix Form

  9. Teaching and Assessment of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallstrom, Jason

    Teaching and Assessment of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory Svetlana V of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory SVETLANA V. DRACHOVA, Limestone College JASON O. It presents a comprehensive Reasoning Concept Inventory (RCI) that captures the finer details of basic skills

  10. Emotional Valence and the Free-Energy Principle Mateus Joffily1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Emotional Valence and the Free-Energy Principle Mateus Joffily1,2 *, Giorgio Coricelli1,2,3 1 of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America Abstract The free-energy principle a definition of emotional valence in terms of the negative rate of change of free-energy over time

  11. Quantitative predictions of tokamak energy confinement from first-principles simulations with kinetic effects*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Greg

    Quantitative predictions of tokamak energy confinement from first-principles simulations Jersey 08543 (Received 14 November 1994; accepted 2 March 1995) A first-principles model of anomalous data from the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) [Fusion Technol. 21, 1324 (1992)]. This model is based

  12. BEE 260 Principles of Biological Engineering Assessment of Fall Semester 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    BEE 260 Principles of Biological Engineering Assessment of Fall Semester 2006 1. Course Outcomes 1 reactor, composting, enzyme kinetics and their interactions with pesticides, food sterilization. The class surgery, food safety and nanobiotechnology (j). 5. Students were introduced to design principles (c). 2

  13. BEE 2600 Principles of Biological Engineering Assessment of Fall Semester 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    BEE 2600 Principles of Biological Engineering Assessment of Fall Semester 2008 1. Course Outcomes 1 reactor, composting, enzyme kinetics and their interactions with pesticides, food sterilization. The class to design principles (c). 2. Assessment Methods/Metrics Homework problem sets were generated that had

  14. Quantitative Predictions of Tokamak Energy Confinement from FirstPrinciples Simulations with Kinetic Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Greg

    Quantitative Predictions of Tokamak Energy Confinement from First颅Principles Simulations 451, Princeton, NJ, 08543 Abstract A first颅principles model of anomalous thermal transport based Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) [Fusion Technol. 21, 1324 (1992)]. This model is based on nonlinear gyrofluid

  15. Learning Organizational Principles in Human Environments Martin J. Schuster, Dominik Jain, Moritz Tenorth and Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learning Organizational Principles in Human Environments Martin J. Schuster, Dominik Jain, Moritz. In this work, we consider the problem of identifying the organizational structure within an environment, i.e. the problem of determining organizational principles that would allow a robot to infer where to best place

  16. Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 60 (2009), 475486 Is There an Independent Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scattering in Classical Electrodynamics 3 Sufficiency of the Physics 4 Failure of the Principle of Causality and intriguing, my purpose in this note is to argue that Frisch is mistaken in his analysis of it. After a brief their causes in processes like dispersion. Efforts to formulate this principle independently lead to failure

  17. Simulation based Bayesian econometric inference: principles and some recent computational advances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    2007/15 Simulation based Bayesian econometric inference: principles and some recent computational/15 Simulation based Bayesian econometric inference: principles and some recent computational advances Lennart F aspects of simulation based Bayesian econometric inference. We start at an elementary level on basic

  18. Academic Policy Development This document specifies the principles of academic policy development at Heriot-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    1/4 Academic Policy Development This document specifies the principles of academic policy development at Heriot- Watt University. It sets out the objectives of policy development and provides a step- by-step guide on how to develop a policy. Principles Policies are normally reviewed every 5 years

  19. Uniform Stability of Switched Linear Systems: Extensions of LaSalle's Invariance Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebling, Michael

    1 Uniform Stability of Switched Linear Systems: Extensions of LaSalle's Invariance Principle Jo linear systems, where uniformity refers to the con- vergence rate of the multiple solutions that one be viewed as extensions of LaSalle's Invariance Principle to certain classes of switched linear systems

  20. Wavefunction Collapse via a Nonlocal Relativistic Variational Principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, Alan K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the origin of quantum theory in the 1920's, some of its practitioners (and founders) have been troubled by some of its features, including indeterminacy, nonlocality and entanglement. The 'collapse' process described in the Copenhagen Interpretation is suspect for several reasons, and the act of 'measurement,' which is supposed to delimit its regime of validity, has never been unambiguously defined. In recent decades, nonlocality and entanglement have been studied energetically, both theoretically and experimentally, and the theory has been reinterpreted in imaginative ways, but many mysteries remain. We propose that it is necessary to replace the theory by one that is explicitly nonlinear and nonlocal, and does not distinguish between measurement and non-measurement regimes. We have constructed such a theory, for which the phase of the wavefunction plays the role of a hidden variable via the process of zitterbewegung. To capture this effect, the theory must be relativistic, even when describing nonrelativistic phenomena. It is formulated as a variational principle, in which Nature attempts to minimize the sum of two spacetime integrals. The first integral tends to drive the solution toward a solution of the standard quantum mechanical wave equation, and also enforces the Born rule of outcome probabilities. The second integral drives the collapse process. We demonstrate that the new theory correctly predicts the possible outcomes of the electron two-slit experiment, including the infamous 'delayed-choice' variant. We observe that it appears to resolve some long-standing mysteries, but introduces new ones, including possible retrocausality (a cause later than its effect). It is not clear whether the new theory is deterministic.

  1. Generalized Uncertainty Principle and Recent Cosmic Inflation Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel Nasser Tawfik; Abdel Magied Diab

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent background imaging of cosmic extragalactic polarization (BICEP2) observations are believed as an evidence for the cosmic inflation. BICEP2 provided a first direct evidence for the inflation, determined its energy scale and debriefed witnesses for the quantum gravitational processes. The ratio of scalar-to-tensor fluctuations $r$ which is the canonical measurement of the gravitational waves, was estimated as $r=0.2_{-0.05}^{+0.07}$. Apparently, this value agrees well with the upper bound value corresponding to PLANCK $r\\leq 0.012$ and to WMAP9 experiment $r=0.2$. It is believed that the existence of a minimal length is one of the greatest predictions leading to modifications in the Heisenberg uncertainty principle or a GUP at the Planck scale. In the present work, we investigate the possibility of interpreting recent BICEP2 observations through quantum gravity or GUP. We estimate the slow-roll parameters, the tensorial and the scalar density fluctuations which are characterized by the scalar field $\\phi$. Taking into account the background (matter and radiation) energy density, $\\phi$ is assumed to interact with the gravity and with itself. We first review the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) Universe and then suggest modification in the Friedmann equation due to GUP. By using a single potential for a chaotic inflation model, various inflationary parameters are estimated and compared with the PLANCK and BICEP2 observations. While GUP is conjectured to break down the expansion of the early Universe (Hubble parameter and scale factor), two inflation potentials based on certain minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model result in $r$ and spectral index matching well with the observations. Corresponding to BICEP2 observations, our estimation for $r$ depends on the inflation potential and the scalar field. A power-law inflation potential does not.

  2. Oxidation of Al doped Au clusters: A first principles study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajesh, Chinagandham [RMC, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Majumder, Chiranjib [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2009-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Using first principles method we report the oxidation of Al doped Au clusters. This work is divided into two parts: (i) the equilibrium structures and stability of Al doped Au{sub n-1} clusters (n=2-7,21) and (ii) the interaction of O{sub 2} with stable clusters. The calculations are performed using the plane wave pseudopotential approach under the density functional theory and generalized gradient approximation for the exchange and correlation functional. The optimized geometries of Au{sub n-1}Al clusters indicate that the substitution of Au by Al results an early onset of three-dimensional structures from tetramer onwards. This is different from the results of transition metal doped Au clusters, where the planar conformation of Au clusters retains up to heptamer. The stability of Au{sub n-1}Al clusters has been analyzed based on the binding energy, second difference in energy, and the energy gaps between the highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy levels. Based on the energetics, the Au{sub 3}Al and Au{sub 5}Al clusters are found to have extraordinary stability. The oxidation mechanism of Al doped Au clusters have been studied by the interaction of O{sub 2} with Al, Au, AuAl, Au{sub 3}Al, and Au{sub 20}Al clusters. It is found that the oxidation of Au{sub n-1}Al clusters undergoes via dissociative mechanism, albeit significant charge transfer from Al to Au. Moreover, the O{sub 2} molecule prefers to attach at the Al site rather than at the Au site.

  3. Application of Genealogical-Concordance Principles to the Taxonomy and Evolutionary History of the Sharp-Tailed Sparrow (Ammodramus caudacutus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avise, John

    Application of Genealogical-Concordance Principles to the Taxonomy and Evolutionary History GENEALOGICAL-CONCORDANCEPRINCIPLES TO THETAXONOMY AND EVOLUTIONARYHISTORYOF THE SHARP, principles of genealogical concordance have been proposed as a conceptual basis for recognition of biological

  4. The first and second monotone integral principles for fundamental solutions of uniformly elliptic equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two optimal monotone integral principles (equivalently for the Laplacian, two sharp iso-weighted-volume inequalities) are established through extending the first and second integral bounds of H. Weinberger for the Green functions (i.e., fundamental solutions) of uniformly elliptic equations in terms of the layer-cake formula, a one-dimensional monotone integral principle, and the isoperimetric and Jenson's inequalities with sharp constants. Surprisingly, a special setting of the first principle can be used to not only verify the low-dimensional P\\'olya conjecture for the principal eigenvalue of the Laplacian but also to characterize the geometry of the Nash inequality for a strong uniform elliptic equation.

  5. Federal High Performance and Sustainable Buildings: Guiding Principles for the Laboratory Support Building (LSB)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, Jason E.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the federal Guiding Principles conformance effort for LSB at PNNL. The effort is part of continued progress toward a campus building inventory that is 100% compliant with the Guiding Principles. The report documentation provides a narrative of how the LSB complies with each of the Guiding Principles requirements. These narratives draw from the many sources that are explained in the text and rely on extensive data collection. The descriptions point to each of these sources, providing the reader with specific policies, procedures, and data points.

  6. Design principles of mammalian signaling networks : emergent properties at modular and global scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locasale, Jason W

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis utilizes modeling approaches rooted in statistical physics and physical chemistry to investigate several aspects of cellular signal transduction at both the modular and global levels. Design principles of ...

  7. First-Principles Models of Properties of LMR-NMC Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    First-Principles Models of Properties of LMR-NMC Materials Project Id: ES193 R. Benedek, H. Iddir DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review Arlington, VA May 13 - 17,...

  8. Nuclear Cardiology Objectives Understand the principles of myocardial perfusion and blood flow, factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, James

    Nuclear Cardiology Objectives Knowledge Understand the principles of myocardial perfusion in nuclear imaging, including collimation, resolution, contrast, localization, noise, ECT, SPECT, PET, image. Know the differences between the various radioisotopes used in nuclear cardiology, including

  9. Reverse engineering nature : design principles for flexible protection inspired by ancient fish armor of Polypteridae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichert, Steffen H. (Steffen Heinz)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is about designing structures that combine the dual functions of mechanical protection and flexibility of motion. The structures are inspired by principles observed in the ganoid squamation (scale assembly) of ...

  10. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  11. First-principles quantum transport with electron-vibration interactions: A maximally localized Wannier functions approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sejoong

    We present a first-principles approach for inelastic quantum transport calculations based on maximally localized Wannier functions. Electronic-structure properties are obtained from density-functional theory in a plane-wave ...

  12. Dynamic First-Principles Molecular-Scale Model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells V. Hugo Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dynamic First-Principles Molecular-Scale Model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells V. Hugo Schmidt vs. current density i characteristics applies both to the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) and Solid

  13. Integrating lean principles in automotive product development : breaking down barriers in culture and process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garza, Laura A., 1970-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lean principles have been applied throughout the manufacturing industry with noted success although the process of integrating them into the entire enterprise has been complex and slow. Certain areas of the automotive ...

  14. Design and prototype of a personal ascending device based on the principle of a capstan winch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillund, Daniel P

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The consumer market currently offers no options for a low-cost, personal ascending device. The purpose of this project is to propose a powered ascender, actuated by common power tool components and operating on the principle ...

  15. Battery concepts for high density energy storage: Principles and practice. C. Austen Angell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angell, C. Austen

    Battery concepts for high density energy storage: Principles and practice. C. Austen Angell Dept such as the lithium-air battery, and the more advanced zinc-air battery in which only the source needs to be "bottled

  16. Implementation of pedagogical principles into the software design process of e-learning applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    , learning objective types and proficiency stages. PLExus provides a wizard for the teacheImplementation of pedagogical principles into the software design process of e-learning-trykk, Trondheim #12;___________________________________________________________________________ iii Abstract E-learning

  17. UNCOVERING THE DESIGN PRINCIPLES OF POLYAMINE REGULATION IN YEAST: AN INTEGRATED MODELLING AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    UNCOVERING THE DESIGN PRINCIPLES OF POLYAMINE REGULATION IN YEAST: AN INTEGRATED MODELLING frameshifting mechanism. The resulting stochastic model is based on data obtained from specially designed model of the polyamine "controller" reproduces experimental data and predicts polyamine content under

  18. PRINCIPLES OF RADIATION SHIELDING by Arthur B. Chilton, J. Kenneth Shultis and Richard E. Faw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shultis, J. Kenneth

    8 Feb 95 ERRATA PRINCIPLES OF RADIATION SHIELDING by Arthur B. Chilton, J. Kenneth Shultis of a fast reactor or for a thick slab of low-moderating, hig-absorbing material. p. 275, line 15 the terms

  19. PRINCIPLES OF RADIATION SHIELDING by Arthur B. Chilton, J. Kenneth Shultis and Richard E. Faw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shultis, J. Kenneth

    8 Feb 95 ERRATA PRINCIPLES OF RADIATION SHIELDING by Arthur B. Chilton, J. Kenneth Shultis of a fast reactor or for a thick slab of low璵oderating, hig璦bsorbing material. p. 275, line 15 the terms

  20. Principles underlying the development and organization of feature maps in the visual cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farley, Brandon J. (Brandon James)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fundamental question in neuroscience is how sensory information is represented in the brain. In particular, what principles guide the spatial organization of neurons with regard to their receptive field properties, and ...

  1. First-principles study of defects and phase transition in UO2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    defects and phase transition in UO2. First-principles study of defects and phase transition in UO2. Abstract: The electronic properties, structure and phase transformation of UO2...

  2. 12.540 Principles of the Global Positioning System, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herring, T. (Thomas)

    The aim of this course is to introduce the principles of the Global Positioning System and to demonstrate its application to various aspects of Earth Sciences. The specific content of the course depends each year on the ...

  3. Syllabus: PHS 650 Principles of Environmental Health for Public Health Practice Spring, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    following exposure to environmental hazards. Explain current environmental risk assessment methods environmental health issues. Describe approaches for assessing, preventing, and managing environmental hazards1 Syllabus: PHS 650 Principles of Environmental Health for Public Health Practice Spring, 2012

  4. First-principles investigation of Li intercalation kinetics in phospho-olivines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Rahul

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses broadly on characterizing and understanding the Li intercalation mechanism in phospho-olivines, namely LiFePO? and Li(Fe,Mn)PO?, using first-principles calculations. Currently Li-ion battery technology ...

  5. Environmental Soil Chemistry Second Edition Environmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Environmental Soil Chemistry Second Edition Environmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns

  6. Use and validity of principles of extremum of entropy production in the study of complex systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heitor Reis, A., E-mail: ahr@uevora.pt

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown how both the principles of extremum of entropy production, which are often used in the study of complex systems, follow from the maximization of overall system conductivities, under appropriate constraints. In this way, the maximum rate of entropy production (MEP) occurs when all the forces in the system are kept constant. On the other hand, the minimum rate of entropy production (mEP) occurs when all the currents that cross the system are kept constant. A brief discussion on the validity of the application of the mEP and MEP principles in several cases, and in particular to the Earth抯 climate is also presented. -- Highlights: 昑he principles of extremum of entropy production are not first principles. 昑hey result from the maximization of conductivities under appropriate constraints. 昑he conditions of their validity are set explicitly. 昐ome long-standing controversies are discussed and clarified.

  7. Simulation and optimization tools to study design principles of biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adiwijaya, Bambang Senoaji

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have developed preliminary wiring diagrams for a number of important biological networks. However, the design principles governing the construction and operation of these networks remain mostly unknown. To ...

  8. Aqueous systems from first-principles : structure, dynamics and electron-transfer reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sit, Patrick Hoi Land

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we show for the first time how it is possible to calculated fully from first-principles the diabatic free-energy surfaces of electron-transfer reactions. The excitation energy corresponding to the transfer ...

  9. Principles of Distributed Data Management in 2020?1 Patrick Valduriez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

    -Valduriez textbook Principles of Distributed Database Systems [10] reflects the evolution of distributed data obviously for distributed and parallel DBMS versions. Today, to support the requirements of important data

  10. SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES Harvard University is committed to developing and maintaining an environment that enhances human health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulsson, Johan

    #12;#12;SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES Harvard University is committed to developing and maintaining species. Developing planning tools to enable comparative analysis of sustainability implications an environment that enhances human health and fosters a transition toward sustainability. Sustainability should

  11. On the Effectiveness of Global Private Regulation: The Implementation of the Equator Principles by Multinational Banks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyerstein, Ariel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rise of sustainable development Chapter 3: Architecture ofSustainable Development and the Evolution of Environmental Impact Assessment Chapter 3: ArchitectureARCHITECTURE OF A ?GOVERNANCE GAP? Despite the extensive history of the principles of sustainable

  12. CSP 550: Internet Programming Andrew Tanenbaum and M. Steen, Distributed Systems: Principles and Paradigms, 2002.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    CSP 550: Internet Programming Texts Andrew Tanenbaum and M. Steen, Distributed Systems: Principles and SOAP 9 hours Total 45 hours Edited March 2006 (html, css checks) CSP 550: Internet Programming - CS

  13. Electric generating or transmission facility: determination of rate-making principles and treatment: procedure (Kansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation permits the KCC to determine rate-making principles that will apply to a utility抯 investment in generation or transmission before constructing a facility or entering into a...

  14. PRINCIPLES OF SEISMIC HOLOGRAPHY FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF THE SHALLOW SUBPHOTOSPHERE Charles Lindsey and D. C. Braun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Douglas C.

    PRINCIPLES OF SEISMIC HOLOGRAPHY FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF THE SHALLOW SUBPHOTOSPHERE Charles Lindsey develop the wave-mechanical formalism for phase-correlation computational seismic holography headinggs: Sun: activity -- Sun: helioseismology -- sunspots 1. INTRODUCTION Computational seismic

  15. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  16. The melting pot of automated discovery: principles for a new science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    The melting pot of automated discovery: principles for a new science Jan M. _Zytkow Computer, 1993, Si- mon, Valdes-Perez & Sleeman 1997, and in Proceedings of 1995 AAAI Spring Symposium

  17. Partnering: an in-depth comparison of its elements to quality improvement principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozada, Anthony David

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PARTNERING: AN IN-DEPTH COMPARISON OF ITS ELEMENTS TO QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PRINCIPLES A Thesis by ANTHONY DAVID LOZADA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIIrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Civil Engineering PARTNERING: AN IN-DEPTH COMPARISON OF ITS ELEMENTS TO QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PRINCIPLES A Thesis by ANTHONY DAVID LOZADA Approved as to style and content by: Donald A...

  18. Test of Special Relativity and Equivalence Principle from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Klapdor--Kleingrothaus; H. P鋝; U. Sarkar

    1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We generalize the formalism for testing Lorentz invariance and the equivalence principle in the neutrino sector. While neutrino oscillation bounds constrain the region of large mixing of the the weak and gravitational eigenstates, we obtain new constraints on violations of Lorentz invariance and the equivalence principle from neutrinoless double beta decay. These bounds apply even in the case of no mixing and thus probe a totally unconstrained region in the parameter space.

  19. A stochastic model for sediment yield using the Principle of Maximum Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, V. P.; Krstanovic, P. F.

    WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, VOL. 23, NO. 5, PAGES 781-793, MAY 1987 A Stochastic Model for Sediment Yield Using the Principle of Maximum Entropy V. P. SINGH AND P. F. KRSTANOVIC Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton... Rouge The principle of maximum entropy was applied to derive a stochastic model for sediment yield from upland watersheds. By maximizing the conditional entropy subject to certain constraints, a probability distribution of sediment yield conditioned...

  20. Unified Field Equations Coupling Four Forces and Principle of Interaction Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian Ma; Shouhong Wang

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of this article is to postulate a principle of interaction dynamics (PID) and to derive unified field equations coupling the four fundamental interactions based on first principles. PID is a least action principle subject to div$_A$-free constraints for the variational element with $A$ being gauge potentials. The Lagrangian action is uniquely determined by 1) the principle of general relativity, 2) the $U(1)$, $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ gauge invariances, 3) the Lorentz invariance, and 4) principle of principle of representation invariance (PRI), introduced in [11]. The unified field equations are then derived using PID. The unified field model spontaneously breaks the gauge symmetries, and gives rise to a new mechanism for energy and mass generation. The unified field model introduces a natural duality between the mediators and their dual mediators, and can be easily decoupled to study each individual interaction when other interactions are negligible. The unified field model, together with PRI and PID applied to individual interactions, provides clear explanations and solutions to a number of outstanding challenges in physics and cosmology, including e.g. the dark energy and dark matter phenomena, the quark confinement, asymptotic freedom, short-range nature of both strong and weak interactions, decay mechanism of sub-atomic particles, baryon asymmetry, and the solar neutrino problem.

  1. California | Connecticut | Illinois | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New York | Oregon | Vermont | Washington STATES' PRINCIPLES ON REFORM OF THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    | New Jersey | New York | Oregon | Vermont | Washington STATES' PRINCIPLES ON REFORM OF THE TOXIC chemical alternatives assessments. #12;States' Principles on Reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act

  2. High sensitivity tests of the Pauli Exclusion Principle with VIP2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marton, J; Bertolucci, S; Berucci, C; Bragadireanu, M; Cargnelli, M; Curceanu, C; Clozza, A; Di Matteo, S; Egger, J -P; Guaraldo, C; Iliescu, M; Ishiwatari, T; Laubenstein, M; Milotti, E; Pichler, A; Pietreanu, D; Piscicchia, K; Ponta, T; Scordo, A; Shi, H; Sirghi, D L; Sirghi, F; Sperandio, L; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Zmeskal, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pauli Exclusion Principle is one of the most fundamental rules of nature and represents a pillar of modern physics. According to many observations the Pauli Exclusion Principle must be extremely well fulfilled. Nevertheless, numerous experimental investigations were performed to search for a small violation of this principle. The VIP experiment at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory searched for Pauli-forbidden X-ray transitions in copper atoms using the Ramberg-Snow method and obtained the best limit so far. The follow-up experiment VIP2 is designed to reach even higher sensitivity. It aims to improve the limit by VIP by orders of magnitude. The experimental method, comparison of different PEP tests based on different assumptions and the developments for VIP2 are presented.

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--II: EXPRESS BRIEFS, VOL. 59, NO. 4, APRIL 2012 193 Universal Principles for Ultra Low Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarpeshkar, Rahul

    Universal Principles for Ultra Low Power and Energy Efficient Design Rahul Sarpeshkar, Senior Member, IEEE

  4. Zero-point energies, the uncertainty principle and positivity of the quantum Brownian density operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan Tameshtit

    2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    High temperature and white noise approximations are frequently invoked when deriving the quantum Brownian equation for an oscillator. Even if this white noise approximation is avoided, it is shown that if the zero point energies of the environment are neglected, as they often are, the resultant equation will violate not only the basic tenet of quantum mechanics that requires the density operator to be positive, but also the uncertainty principle. When the zero-point energies are included, asymptotic results describing the evolution of the oscillator are obtained that preserve positivity and, therefore, the uncertainty principle.

  5. A Lorentz-Poincar type interpretation of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan; Broekaert

    2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The validity of the Weak Equivalence Principle relative to a local inertial frame is detailed in a scalar-vector gravitation model with Lorentz-Poincar\\'e type interpretation. Given the previously established first Post-Newtonian concordance of dynamics with General Relativity, the principle is to this order compatible with GRT. The gravitationally modified Lorentz transformations, on which the observations in physical coordinates depend, are shown to provide a physical interpretation of \\emph{parallel transport}. A development of ``geodesic'' deviation in terms of the present model is given as well.

  6. A new principle for low-cost hydrogen sensors for fuel cell technology safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liess, Martin [Rhein Main University of Applied Sciences, R黶selsheim, Wiesbaden (Germany)

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen sensors are of paramount importance for the safety of hydrogen fuel cell technology as result of the high pressure necessary in fuel tanks and its low explosion limit. I present a novel sensor principle based on thermal conduction that is very sensitive to hydrogen, highly specific and can operate on low temperatures. As opposed to other thermal sensors it can be operated with low cost and low power driving electronics. On top of this, as sensor element a modified standard of-the shelf MEMS thermopile IR-sensor can be used. The sensor principle presented is thus suited for the future mass markets of hydrogen fuel cell technology.S.

  7. Turtles All The Way Down: A Clean-Slate, Ground-Up, First-Principles Approach to Secure Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peisert, Sean; Talbot, Ed; Bishop, Matt

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Way Down: ? A Clean-Slate, Ground-Up, First-Principlesrequirements for a 揷lean-slate, ground-up, ?rst-principles

  8. dence. We also need to examine whether any directional principles resembling the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    2704 dence. We also need to examine whether any directional principles resembling the second law of thermodynamics apply when different states of the same total free energy are obtained in open and closed systems and a Model Bjarne Andresen; Physics Laboratory II, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, 2100

  9. Laser infrared photothermal radiometry of electronic solids: Principles and applications to industrial semiconductor Si wafers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandelis, Andreas

    Laser infrared photothermal radiometry of electronic solids: Principles and applications and application case studies of the novel diagnostic technique of laser infrared photothermal radiometry PTR and heating of the lattice thermal wave . Multiparameter fits to frequency-domain amplitude and phase data

  10. TIMBER COMMITTEE EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION Forest Products Marketing--from Principles to Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Practice Balkan Training Workshop, April 2006 F A O FOREST PRODUCTSFOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS & TRADE--from Principles to Practice Balkan Training Workshop, April 2006 F A O DOBFO DOSLIDOBFO DOSLI to the workshop to Practice Balkan Training Workshop, April 2006 F A O Topics of presentation I. UNECE/FAO forest products

  11. Principles and Efficient Implementation of Charge Replacement in Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    1 Principles and Efficient Implementation of Charge Replacement in Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage--Hybrid electrical energy storage systems (HEES) are comprised of multiple banks of inhomogeneous EES elements storage device, i.e., high energy capacity, high output power level, low self-discharge, low cost

  12. Electronic processes in fast thermite chemical reactions: A first-principles molecular dynamics study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    Electronic processes in fast thermite chemical reactions: A first-principles molecular dynamics composites. We have investigated the thermite reaction of Fe2O3 with aluminum by molecular dynamics as thermite reaction, is widely utilized in the synthesis and processing of materials 1 . In addition

  13. Maximum principle and bang-bang property of time optimal controls for Schrodinger type systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Maximum principle and bang-bang property of time optimal controls for Schr╫dinger type systems J conditions for the bang- bang property of optimal controls. The results are then applied to some systems-Bang property, Schr╫dinger equation 1 Introduction Time optimal control is a classical problem for linear

  14. Unified Green's function retrieval by cross-correlation; connection with energy principles Roel Snieder,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    Unified Green's function retrieval by cross-correlation; connection with energy principles Roel and observationally that the Green's function for acoustic and elastic waves can be retrieved by cross-correlating fluctuations recorded at two locations. We extend the concept of the extraction of the Green's function

  15. Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely arrangements and in the wider context of protein folding, function and evolution. Given the complicated nature

  16. The equivalence principle and the relative velocity of local inertial frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Shojai; A. Shojai

    2015-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explicitly show that in general relativity, the relative velocity of two local inertial frames is always less than the velocity of light. This fact is a by-product of the equivalence principle. The general result is then illustrated within two examples, the FLRW cosmological model and the Schwarzschild metric.

  17. Local-global principles for torsors over arithmetic curves David Harbater, Julia Hartmann, and Daniel Krashen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harbater, David

    . Afterwards, in [CPS12], it was shown that in the specific cases of quadratic forms and central simple], the group was required to be connected. Although this condition was not essential in the case F = K(x) (or local-global principles, even under a rationality assumption, as Colliot-Th閘鑞e observed (see [CPS12

  18. NOVEL PRINCIPLES FOR DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING DISTRIBUTED SAFETY-CRITICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedde, Horst F.

    . In safety-critical systems, (such as nuclear power plants, distributed cooperation of autonomous robotsNOVEL PRINCIPLES FOR DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING DISTRIBUTED SAFETY-CRITICAL SYSTEMS Horst F. Wedde, Jon A. Lind Informatik III University of Dortmund 44221 Dortmund / Germany Abstract Safety

  19. Billiards Digest February, 2010 David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alciatore, David G.

    Billiards Digest February, 2010 David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "VEPS GEMS the 12-ball or 13-ball, or both, as demonstrated in NV B.68. #12;Billiards Digest February, 2010 8 11 Digest February, 2010 8 11 12 13 stun shot 90 tangent line "good-action" draw trisect direction medium

  20. Billiards Digest January, 2010 David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alciatore, David G.

    Billiards Digest January, 2010 David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "VEPS GEMS" (i.e., "canned"). Now I feel like I have Billiards Digest "tenure." I can't believe it has been six and Position 1. cut shots 2. stun shots 3. follow shots #12;Billiards Digest January, 2010 4. draw shots 5. CB

  1. Billiards Digest April, 2011 David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alciatore, David G.

    Billiards Digest April, 2011 David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "VEPS GEMS shots, Coriolis' system is a good place to start. #12;Billiards Digest April, 2011 a) side view b) top shot speed effects #12;Billiards Digest April, 2011 Diagram 3 (similar t

  2. Some Principles for Quality of Service Management Gregor v. Bochmann and Abdelhakim Hafid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    1 Some Principles for Quality of Service Management Gregor v. Bochmann and Abdelhakim Hafid of quality of service (QoS) from communication networks and end-systems which realize the multimedia on the handling of QoS in a layered system architecture, the use of performance models for QoS management

  3. THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI--COLUMBIA A Guide to Principles and Policies for Sponsored Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI--COLUMBIA A Guide to Principles and Policies for Sponsored Activities INTRODUCTION The Office of Research at the University of Missouri--Columbia has prepared this Guide and sponsors. LEGAL IDENTITY The University of Missouri--Columbia (UMC) is a part of the University of Missouri

  4. Course Outline Page 1 of 4 11 September 2013 ECE 3740 Systems Engineering Principles 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Major, Arkady

    . Students will work throughout the course individually and in coordinated teams on designing hardware, and final exam. Prerequisites COMP 2140 Data Structures and Algorithms Course Content The following topics breakdown and analysis Principles of object oriented synthesis: divide and conquer, minimizing complexity

  5. School of Graduate Studies Governing Principles Approved by GFC December 10th, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    School of Graduate Studies Governing Principles Approved by GFC December 10th, 2012 The University in limited academic areas, consolidation of all post-baccalaureate programs under the School of Graduate meeting, the Board of Governors established the School of Graduate Studies. In accordance with the Board

  6. MORSE 2-JET SPACE AND h-PRINCIPLE ALAIN CHENCINER AND FRANOIS LAUDENBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    MORSE 2-JET SPACE AND h-PRINCIPLE ALAIN CHENCINER AND FRAN荗IS LAUDENBACH Abstract. A section in the 2-jet space of Morse functions is not always homotopic to a holo- nomic section. We give a necessary; in an r-jet space (of smooth sections of a bundle over a manifold M ), it is natural to look

  7. Letter to the Editor The precautionary principle and wind-farm planning: Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Don谩zar, Jos茅 A.

    a consequence of the less intensive monitoring of this species and of mortality in wind-farms throughout SpainLetter to the Editor The precautionary principle and wind-farm planning: Data scarcity does to our paper (Carrete et al., 2009) help to clarify issues in the field of wind energy planning, thus

  8. Static Fundamental Solutions of Einstein Equations and Superposition Principle in Relativistic Gravityv

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P P Fiziev

    2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that Einstein equations are compatible with the presence of massive point particle idealization and find the corresponding two parameter family of solutions. They are complete defined by the bare mechanical mass $M>0$ and the Keplerian mass $m>0$ ($m < M$) of the point source of gravity. The global analytical properties of these solutions in the complex plane define a unique preferable radial variable of the one particle problem. These new solutions are fundamental solutions of the quasi-linear Einstein equations. We introduce and discuss a novel nonlinear superposition principle for solutions of Einstein equations and discover the basic role of the relativistic analog of the Newton gravitational potential. For the relativistic potential we introduce a simple quasi-linear superposition principle as a new physical requirement for the initial conditions for Einstein equations, thus justifying the instant gravistatic case for N particle system. This superposition principle allows us to sketch a new theory of the gravitational mass defect. In it a specific Mach-like principle for the Keplerian mass $m$ is valid, i.e. it depends on the mass distribution in the universe, in contrast to the bare mass $M$, which remains a true constant. Several basic examples both of discrete and of continuous mass distributions are considered.

  9. First-principles study of iron oxyfluorides and lithiation of FeOF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chevrier, Vincent L.

    First-principles studies of iron oxyfluorides in the FeF[subscript 2] rutile framework (FeO[subscript x]F[subscript 2?x], 0?x?1) are performed using density functional theory (DFT) in the general gradient approximation ...

  10. Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies to promote explicitly global access to university-developed technologies, ensuring that advances in health as well as licensing practices would help to promote further progress in advancing health in developing

  11. Regulatory Science: Principles & Practices in Food Systems SCSC 634 | Fall 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will possess a practical knowledge of how to apply risk analysis to hazards in regulated products. The course: Emerging Field of Regulatory Science Regulatory Policy Role of Risk Analysis in Regulatory Science - Perform a Quantitative Risk Assessment #12;Regulatory Science: Principles & Practices in Food Systems SCSC

  12. Observer-Controllers for Output Regulation: the Internal Model Principle Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pao, Lucy Y.

    Observer-Controllers for Output Regulation: the Internal Model Principle Revisited Jason H. Laks rejection;tracking;model predictive control;output feedback control 1 Introduction Output regulation, the design of an output regulating observer-controller is less clear. This latter approach is based

  13. Design principles for design of bituminous pavement with stabilized/ cemented layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Animesh

    Design principles for design of bituminous pavement with stabilized/ cemented layer Animesh Das1 Introduction A pavement designer wishes to design a pavement structure which is reliable and cost effective. Various materials have been used for pavement construction so as to economize the design. Depleting

  14. Principles of bituminous pavement design and the recent trends Animesh Das1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Animesh

    Principles of bituminous pavement design and the recent trends Animesh Das1 Introduction Understanding pavement behaviour is a complex task. This complexity is due to the complex response of the individual pavement materials which is very difficult to predict. In a typical pavement a number

  15. First principles investigation of scaling trends of zirconium silicate interface band offsets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutton, Robert W.

    First principles investigation of scaling trends of zirconium silicate interface band offsets out to investigate the scaling trends of band offsets at model silicon/zirconium silicate interfaces. Owing to the d character of zirconium silicate conduction bands, the band gap and band offset are shown

  16. First principles study of H2S adsorption and dissociation D.E. Jiang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Emily A.

    First principles study of H2S adsorption and dissociation on Fe(110) D.E. Jiang a , Emily A. Carter functional theory (DFT) results of H2S and HS adsorption and dissociation on the Fe(110) surface. We investigate the site preference of H2S, HS, and S on Fe(110). H2S is found to weakly adsorb on either

  17. (~ ~ ComputerGraphics,Volume21, Number4,July1987 PRINCIPLES OF TRADITIONAL ANIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeCarlo, Doug

    -dimensional Graphics and Realism - Animation; J.5 Computer Applications : Arts and Humanities - Arts, fine and performing. General Terms: Design, Human Factors. Additional Keywords and Phrases: Animation Principles resources were devoted to image rendering than to animation. Because 3D computer animation uses 3D models

  18. Sustainability principles in strategic environmental assessment: A framework for analysis and examples from Italian urban planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamorgese, Lydia, E-mail: lydial@tin.it; Geneletti, Davide, E-mail: davide.geneletti@unitn.it

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a framework for analysing the degree of consideration of sustainability principles in Strategic environmental assessment (SEA), and demonstrates its application to a sample of SEA of Italian urban plans. The framework is based on Gibson's (2006) sustainability principles, which are linked to a number of guidance criteria and eventually to review questions, resulting from an extensive literature review. A total of 71 questions are included in the framework, which gives particular emphasis to key concepts, such as intragenerational and intergenerational equity. The framework was applied to review the Environmental Report of the urban plans of 15 major Italian cities. The results of this review show that, even if sustainability is commonly considered as a pivotal concept, there is still work to be done in order to effectively integrate sustainability principles into SEA. In particular, most of the attention is given to mitigation and compensation measures, rather than to actual attempts to propose more sustainable planning decisions in the first place. Concerning the proposed framework of analysis, further research is required to clarify equity concerns and particularly to identify suitable indicators for operationalizing the concepts of intra/inter-generational equity in decision-making. -- Highlights: ? A framework was developed in order to evaluate planning against sustainability criteria. ? The framework was applied to analyse how sustainable principles are addressed in 15 Italian SEA reports. ? Over 85% of the reports addressed, to some extent, at least 40% of the framework questions. ? Criteria explicitly linked to intra and inter-generational equity are rarely addressed.

  19. David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "Beer-goggle Effects"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alciatore, David G.

    David Alciatore, PhD ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "Beer-goggle Effects" Note: Supporting and drinking beer with friends at bars and pool halls. People sometimes complain to me that I use too many shown is the "beer goggle" curve that illustrates the level of desire for unattractive members

  20. Large-Scale First-Principles Molecular Dynamics simulations on the BlueGene/L Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    . Keywords Electronic structure. Molecular Dynamics. Ab initio simulations. First-principles simulations of the electronic properties of the system. The electronic structure calculation is the most time-consuming part the past three decades to the development of efficient implementations of the electronic structure