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1

Microsoft PowerPoint - Francfort 41st Power Sources Conference - backup.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing - 41 st Power Sources Conference Jim Francfort INEEL/CON-04-01691 DOE - Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Presentation Outline * AVTA Goal * AVTA Testing Partners * Light-Duty Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing * Hydrogen Fuel Pilot Plant * Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicle Testing * Neighborhood & Urban Electric Vehicles * WWW Information Address DOE - Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity AVTA Goal * Benchmark & validate the performance of light-, medium-, & heavy-duty vehicles that feature one or more advanced technologies, including: - ICE's burning advanced fuels, such as 100% hydrogen and hydrogen/CNG-blended fuels - Hybrid electric, pure electric, & hydraulic drive systems - Advanced batteries & engines -

2

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? PHEV Evaluations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection Presentation from...

3

AVTA- Energy Storage  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The AVTA runs the Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed to capture batteries’ real-world performance. The Testbed simulates battery charging as well as on-road driving. Researchers run the Testbed on a daily basis on cycles that represent typical driving and charging patterns. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

4

AVTA ? PHEV Demonstrations and Testing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA PHEV Demonstrations and Testing AVTA PHEV Demonstrations and Testing 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

5

AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

6

AVTA: Bidirectional Fast Charging Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is an analysis of bi-directional fast charging, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

7

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? PHEV Evaluations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Speed Voltage 40 FY07 FY08 NYSERDA * The AVTA is testing all six of the New York State Energy Research and Development Agency's PHEV conversions. Models and test status: Model...

8

AVTA Vehicle Component Cost Model | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle Component Cost Model AVTA Vehicle Component Cost Model 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010...

9

AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries...

10

AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

11

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

- Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...

12

AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

13

AVTA: Chevrolet Malibu HEV 2013 Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chevrolet Malibu HEV 2013 Testing Results AVTA: Chevrolet Malibu HEV 2013 Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on...

14

AVTA: Quantum Escape PHEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quantum Escape PHEV Testing Results AVTA: Quantum Escape PHEV Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide...

15

AVTA: Hyundai Sonata HEV 2011 Testing Results | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hyundai Sonata HEV 2011 Testing Results AVTA: Hyundai Sonata HEV 2011 Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

16

AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act project testing results AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act project testing results The Vehicle...

17

AVTA: Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results AVTA: Honda Insight HEV 2010 Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a...

18

AVTA: Toyota Prius Gen III HEV 2010 Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Toyota Prius Gen III HEV 2010 Testing Results AVTA: Toyota Prius Gen III HEV 2010 Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out...

19

AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review...

20

AVTA: Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle 2011 Testing Reports ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle 2011 Testing Reports AVTA: Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle 2011 Testing Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results The Vehicle...

22

AVTA: Ford Escape PHEV Advanced Research Vehicle 2010 Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ford Escape PHEV Advanced Research Vehicle 2010 Testing Results AVTA: Ford Escape PHEV Advanced Research Vehicle 2010 Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

23

Microsoft PowerPoint - EVS24 INL - AVTA.pptx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

STAVANGER STAVANGER NORWAY MAY 13-16 2009 www.evs24.org John Smart Idaho National Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy - Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: p gy g y Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities AVTA Background and Goals *The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is part of DOE's Vehicle Technologies Program *The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and Electric Transportation y ( ) p Engineering Corporation (ETEC) conduct AVTA. Argonne National Laboratory performs dynamometer testing *AVTA goals: *AVTA goals: *Document potential of new vehicle technology to reduce petroleum consumption * *Provide benchmark data to technology modelers and target setters, research and development programs, and vehicle manufacturers * *Assist fleet managers in making informed vehicle purchase,

24

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

25

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

26

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? Non-PHEV Evaluations...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

27

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

95% fleet cost split * 151 PHEVs in various testing stages, AVTA paid for 2 vehicles, 14 conversions and 60 data loggers. 15% DOE and 85% fleet cost split 7 FY08 PHEV Testing...

28

AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

29

AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

30

AVTA: Vehicle to EVSE Smart Grid Communications Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from research and testing on vehicle to EVSE smart grid communications interfaces, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

31

AVTA: PHEV Demand and Energy Cost Demonstration Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from a demonstration with Tacoma Power on plug-in hybrid electric vehicle demand and energy cost, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

32

AVTA: Reports on Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness at 3 DOD Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports analyze data and survey results on readiness for the use of plug-in electric vehicles on the Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Naval Station Mayport, and Joint Base Lewis McChord, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

33

AVTA: Vehicle to Grid Power Flow Regulations and Building Codes Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is a review of Vehicle-to-Grid power flow regulations and building codes, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

34

FNS Presentation - Hydrogen Station & Hydrogen ICE Vehicles Operation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Station & Hydrogen ICE Hydrogen Station & Hydrogen ICE Vehicle Operations Federal Network for Sustainability Idaho Falls, Idaho - July 2006 Jim Francfort INL/CON-06-11569 Presentation Outline * Background & Goal * Arizona Public Service (APS) Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant - design & operations * Fuel Dispensing * Hydrogen & HCNG Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicle Testing Activities * Briefly, other AVTA Activities * WWW Information 2 AVTA Background & Goal * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program * These activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) & the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications (ETA) * AVTA Goal - Provide benchmark data for technology

35

Hydrogen Station & ICE Vehicle Operations and Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Station & ICE Vehicle Operations and Testing Jim Francfort for Lee Slezak WestStart CALSTART Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Symposium - February 2006 INL/CON-06-01109 Presentation Outline * Background and Goal * Arizona Public Service (APS) Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant - design and operations * Fuel Dispensing * Prototype Dispenser Testing * Hydrogen and HCNG Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicle Testing Activities * WWW Information AVTA Background and Goal * AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program * These activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications * AVTA Goal - Provide benchmark data for technology

36

No Slide Title  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- - Hydrogen Pilot Plant and H2-ICE Vehicle Activities Jim Francfort Idaho State University November 2006 INL/MIS-06-11935 Presentation Outline * Background & Goal * Arizona Public Service (APS) Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant - design & operations - Hydrogen subsystem - CNG subsystem - Auxiliary & Safety systems * Fuel Dispensing * Hydrogen & HCNG Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicle Testing Activities * Gen II station * Barriers & Applications * WWW Information AVTA Background & Goal * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is part of the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program * These activities are managed by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL also performs data analysis and reporting activities) * AVTA Goal -

37

AVTA- Energy Storage  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes DC fast charging's effects on plug-in electric vehicle batteries.

38

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing (Batteries and Fuel Economies)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing Donald Karner a , James Francfort b a Electric Transportation Applications 401 South 2nd Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85003, USA b Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA Abstract The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles.

39

Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicle Testing Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Internal Combustion Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicle Testing Activities James Francfort Idaho National Laboratory 2 Paper #2006-01-0433 Presentation Outline Background and goal APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant - design and operations Fuel dispensing and prototype dispenser Hydrogen (H2) and HCNG (compressed natural gas) internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle testing WWW Information 3 Paper #2006-01-0433 Background Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is part of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program These activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications (ETA) 4 Paper #2006-01-0433 AVTA Goal Provide benchmark data for technology modeling, research and development programs, and help fleet managers and

40

AVTA - ARRA | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following report describes lessons learned about the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

AVTA ? PHEV Demonstrations and Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Escape (Electrovaya) - done - Hybrids Plus Escape, 2 models (Hybrids Plus and K2 Energy Solutions) - Hybrids Plus Prius (Hybrids Plus) - Manzanita Prius (lead acid and...

42

Principles of Life Principles of Life  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;#12;#12;" " #12;(a) (b) (a) (b) (a) (b) 18 #12;Born-Oppenheimer #12;Peter Butko I II Water, Water Everywhere methods 1) Basic information of protein 2) Principle for protein purification #1: expression and fractionation 3) Principle for protein purification #2: membrane proteins 4) Principle for protein purification

Takahashi, Ryo

43

A new uncertainty principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By examining two counterexamples to the existing theory, it is shown, with mathematical rigor, that as far as scattered particles are concerned the true distribution function is in principle not determinable (indeterminacy principle or uncertainty principle) while the average distribution function over each predetermined finite velocity solid-angle element can be calculated.

C. Y. Chen

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Association Conference Transportation Association Conference Vancouver, Canada December 2005 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Jim Francfort U.S. Department of Energy - FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity INL/CON-05-00964 Presentation Outline * Background & goals * Testing partners * Hybrid electric vehicle testing - Baseline performance testing (new HEV models) - 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) - Benchmark data: vehicle & battery performance, fuel economy, maintenance & repairs, & life-cycle costs * WWW information location Background * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of the

45

Principle of Cleanroom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cleanroom is the most important and most representative ... with air cleaning technology. The principle of cleanroom is the theoretical base for the design, operation, and maintenance of the cleanroom well.

Zhonglin Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Hasdec DC fast charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

47

AVTA: Honda CRZ HEV 2011 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Honda CRZ hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

48

AVTA: Mercedes Benz HEV 2010 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Mercedes Benz hybrid-electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

49

AVTA: Honda Civic HEV 2013 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Honda Civic hybrid electric vehicle. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

50

AVTA - Energy Storage | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use...

51

AVTA: 2010 Ford Fusion HEV Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Ford Fusion hybrid-electric vehicle. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_fusion_hybrid.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

52

AVTA: Toyota Prius PHEV 2013 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Toyota Prius PHEV 2013. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2013_toyota_prius_phev.html). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

53

AVTA: Chevrolet Volt 2013 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Chevrolet Volt. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2013_chevy_volt_phev.html). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

54

Management Principles | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Management Principles Management Principles managementprinciples-S-2Poneman---2009-12-02.pdf More Documents & Publications Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan 2012 - 2015...

55

Principle Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Principle Power Place: San Francisco, California Zip: 94120 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Principle Power is a global independent power producer committed to delivering green,...

56

Extended Hamilton's principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton's principle is extended to have compatible initial conditions to the strong form. To use a number of computational and theoretical benefits for dynamical systems, the mixed variational formulation is preferred in the systems other than particle systems. With this formulation and the Rayleigh's dissipation function, we could have all the pertinent initial/boundary conditions for both conservative and non-conservative dynamical system. Based upon the extension framework of Hamilton's principle, the numerical method for representative lumped parameter models is also developed through applying Galerkin's method to time domain with the discussion of its numerical properties and simulation results.

Jinkyu Kim

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

57

Equivalence Principle and Clocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.

T. Damour

1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

Principles of Passive House  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Principles of Passive House Principles of Passive House Speaker(s): Wolfgang Feist Date: November 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Alan Meier The Passive House ("Passivhaus") concept is a rigorous, voluntary energy performance standard for buildings that reduces heating requirements by up to 90% and overall energy use by up to 80% over standard construction. Developed in Germany in the early 1990s and drawing on Super-insulated and Passive Solar ideas from North America and "Low Energy" European building standards, the concept of a building that could be practically constructed to maintain a comfortable interior climate without conventional heating or cooling systems was devised, tested and proven. The Passive House remains comfortable without large "active"

59

GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATUTE GENERAL PRINCIPLES Art. 1 (Aims) 1. The University of Torino (hereinafter "the organizational criteria suitable for its institutional purposes according to principles of efficacy, efficiency to determine the advancement and the allocation of the staff. This planning is based on principles of quality

Sproston, Jeremy

60

Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Principles for Fostering Sustainability Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Underlying Quality Principles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. 1. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose.

62

Introduction to Photoelectron Emission Microscopy: Principles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction to Photoelectron Emission Microscopy: Principles and Applications. Introduction to Photoelectron Emission Microscopy: Principles and Applications. Abstract: In the...

63

Challenging Proteins Principles and Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................................................................12 Small-scale expression screening of histidine-tagged membrane proteins from E. coli lysates Gel Filtration Principles and Methods 18-1022-18 Recombinant Protein Purification Handbook Principles and Methods 18-1142-75 Protein Purification Handbook 18-1132-29 Hydrophobic Interaction and Reversed Phase

Jacobsen, Steve

64

###Operating Principles published 411.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis of operating principles with S-system models Yun Lee 1 , Po-Wei Chen 1 , Eberhard O. Voit ⇑ The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Tech and Emory University, 313 Ferst Drive, Suite 4103, Atlanta, GA 30332-0535, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Available online 4 March 2011 Keywords: Biochemical Systems Theory Design principle Heat stress Operating principle S-system Trehalose a b s t r a c t Operating principles address general questions regarding the response dynamics of biological systems as we observe or hypothesize them, in comparison to a priori equally valid alternatives. In analogy to design principles, the question arises: Why are some operating strategies encountered more frequently than others and in what sense might they be superior? It is at this point impossible to study operation prin- ciples in complete generality,

65

Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The multiple motivations principle suggests that a portfolio approach—rather than a single strategy—may be required to achieve change. Research demonstrates that people and institutions adopt new...

66

Methodological principles of modern thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article describes basic principles of the theory which unites thermodynamics of reversible and irreversible processes also extends them methods on processes of transfer and transformation of any forms of energy

V. A. Etkin

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

67

Principles for Engineered Emergence (slides)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles for Engineered EmergenceIt is difficult to establish engineering control over the behavior ofaggregates of unreliable devices with complicated interactionpatterns. I take a linguistic view of this problem, ...

Beal, Jacob

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

68

Project Management Principles | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Management Principles Project Management Principles 304ProjectManagementPrinciples.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - DOE O 413 3B Brief v9 with key points...

69

Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education Energy Literacy: Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education News and...

70

Quality Assurance: Underlying Quality Principles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Underlying Quality Principles Underlying Quality Principles These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose. Specify Roles and Responsibilities--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted.

71

Principles of Science Principles of Biology Reference Edition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

topics such as cancer, climate change and ocean health #12;How can the Principles of Biology Reference · Weekly usage reports · Advice to students seeking science careers · English communication guide to Scientific Communication · Guide to Career Planning · Insight into current science research hot topics High

Cai, Long

72

Quantum mechanics versus equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the scattering of a photon by a weak gravitational field, treated as an external field, up to second order of the perturbation expansion. The resulting cross section is energy dependent which indicates a violation of Galileo's equivalence principle (universality of free fall) and, consequently, of the classical equivalence principle. The deflection angle {theta} for a photon passing by the sun is evaluated afterward and the likelihood of detecting ({delta}{theta}/{theta}{sub E}){identical_to}({theta}-{theta}{sub E}/{theta}{sub E}) (where {theta}{sub E} is the value predicted by Einstein's geometrical theory for the light bending) in the foreseeable future, is discussed.

Accioly, Antonio [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Group of Field Theory from First Principles, Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Pamplona 145, 01405-000, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Paszko, Ricardo [Group of Field Theory from First Principles, Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Emerging principles of regulatory evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...principles of regulatory evolution 10.1073/pnas.0700488104 Benjamin Prud'homme Nicolas Gompel Sean B. Carroll *Howard Hughes...1873 . 48 Protas ME Hersey C Kochanek D Zhou Y Wilkens H Jeffery WR Zon LI Borowsky R Tabin CJ ( 2006 ) Nat Genet 38 : 107...

Benjamin Prud'homme; Nicolas Gompel; Sean B. Carroll

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Pauli Principle and Pion Scattering  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

It is pointed out that if the Pauli principle is taken into account in the discussion of pion scattering by complex nuclei (as it ought, of course, to be) some rather implausible consequences of some earlier treatments of this problem can be avoided. (auth)

Bethe, H. A.

1972-10-00T23:59:59.000Z

75

hydrogen pilot plant, H2ICE vehicle testing INL alternative energy vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Pilot Plant, H2ICE Hydrogen Pilot Plant, H2ICE Vehicle Testing, & INL Alternative Energy Vehicles (Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity) Jim Francfort Discovery Center of Idaho - September 2005 INL/CON-05-00694 AVTA Presentation Outline * Arizona Public Service's Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant Design and Operations * Hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicle testing * Oil bypass filter system evaluation * Diesel engine idling testing * INL alternative fuel infrastructure * INL alternative fuel fleet * WWW information APS Alternative Fuel (Alt-Fuel) Pilot Plant - Partners * Arizona Public Service (APS) * Electric Transportation Applications (ETA) * Idaho National Laboratory (INL) * Started operations - 2002 Alt-Fuel Pilot Plant & Vehicle Testing - Objectives * Evaluate the safety & reliability of operating ICE

76

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vehicle Fleet and Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing James Francfort Idaho National Laboratory 2 Paper #2006-01-1267 Presentation Outline Background & goals Testing partners Baseline performance testing new HEVs Fleet testing (160k miles in 36 months) End-of-life testing (fuel economy & battery testing at 160k miles) WWW information location 3 Paper #2006-01-1267 Background Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Goal - provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs Idaho National Laboratory manages these activities, and performs data analysis and reporting activities 4 Paper #2006-01-1267 Testing Partners Qualified Vehicle Testers hElectric Transportation Applications (lead)

77

Biotechnology and the precautionary principle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the relationships between science and the precautionary principle and their policy and institutional implications for biotechnology. It acknowledges the divergent approaches adopted by different regions of the world in managing the risks associated with biotechnology. The paper notes that the divergent views about the application of the precautionary principle to risk assessment and management are partly a reflection of how different regions of the world perceive the benefits and risks associated with modern biotechnology. It is this broader context, including economic considerations, in which the role of science in risk assessment and management needs to be framed. Explaining the differences will benefit from further clarification of the key concepts and definitions. But resolving them will most likely be a result of political acts that are beyond the realm of scientific analysis.

Calestous Juma; Derya Honca

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Principles of Chaperone-Mediated Protein Folding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Principles of Chaperone-Mediated Protein Folding F. Ulrich Hartl The recent discovery...coordinated pathway of cellular protein folding. Principles of chaperone-mediated protein folding. | The recent discovery of molecular...

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

UR principles2.indd | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

UR principles2.indd UR principles2.indd More Documents & Publications Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2006-028 International Business Machines Corporation Open Government Plan 2.0...

80

MBA 508 MARKETING PRINCIPLES SEATTLE UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MBA 508 ­ MARKETING PRINCIPLES SEATTLE UNIVERSITY ALBERS SCHOOL COURSE DESCRIPTION MBA508, Marketing Principles, is an introductory course in marketing for MBA students who have not had extensive academic or practical

Carter, John

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81

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice Release Olivier Bonaventure December 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 Part 1: Principles 5 2.1 Connecting two hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 3.8 The Transmission Control Protocol

Bonaventure, Olivier

82

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice Release Olivier Bonaventure September 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 Part 1: Principles 5 2.1 Connecting two hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 3.8 The Transmission Control Protocol

Bonaventure, Olivier

83

Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Transmission Fiber vs Copper Wire Weight vs bandwidth Cost Security 11 / 52 #12;Data Communication Principles

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

84

LIMITING ABSORPTION PRINCIPLE FOR SINGULARLY PERTURBED OPERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIMITING ABSORPTION PRINCIPLE FOR SINGULARLY PERTURBED OPERATORS WALTER RENGER Abstract. Given an operator H 1 for which a limiting absorption principle holds, we study operators H 2 which are produced that (except for possibly a discrete set of eigenvalues) a limiting absorption principle holds for H 2 . We

85

Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 10:59am Addthis Federal agencies can use social networks and communications to spark and reinforce behavior change for meeting sustainability goals. This principle is based on research findings showing that people and institutions often are strongly influenced by the behaviors and expectations of others. Methods The social network and communications behavior change principle involves informing staff about others' sustainability efforts, especially those that are successful. Methods for social networking and communicating include many internal or external media channels, such as websites, blogs, newsletters, and emails.

86

Skew Quadrupole Lattice Design Principles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Skew Quadrupole Lattice Design Principles Skew Quadrupole Lattice Design Principles File set: mu_mf09a, 18-Dec-00, B. Parker ≡ Skew Quadrupole Lattice Fully Coupled Lattice The lattices presented here are uncoupled. They are special only in that the betatron eigenplanes (denoted A,B) line up with ±45° rather than the horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) axes. A B X Y Useful Trick: Every dipole with bend radius, ρ, has a weak normal focusing component, k = -1/(2ρ 2 ) added in order to make the focusing cylindrically symmetric. Straight Section = 4 x Arc = 211.872 m Arc = 52.968 m for R eff = 16.86 m 16.86 m 245.6 m total length Decay Ratio = 211.872 m = 0.4 per straight section 529.680 m Ring Layout & Arc Magnet Parameters B 1 = 6.986 T, G = 0 T/m, L 1 = 1.10 m B 2 = 3.493 T, G = 20.19 T/m, L 2 = 1.55 m

87

AVTA: 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel vehicle with stop-start technology. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_vw_golf_tdi_bluemotion.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

88

AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Aerovironment AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

89

AVTA: 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Ford CMAX Energi (a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle).

90

AVTA: Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop 2010 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel vehicle with stop-start technology. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_vw_golf_tdi_bluemotion.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

91

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? Non-PHEV Evaluations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

simulation and analysis technical team every other month * Testing results and life-cycle costs are used by vehicle modelers * Partnering with private sector testers provides...

92

AVTA: Chrysler Town and Country 2011 Experimental PHEV Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

93

AVTA: Ford Escape PHEV Advanced Research Vehicle 2010 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a plug-in hybrid electric Ford Escape Advanced Research Vehicle, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

94

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Overview Reports | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the EV...

95

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

by the EV Project. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure...

96

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Electric Grid Impact report | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. EV Project - A First Look at the Impact of Electric...

97

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Vehicle Placement Maps | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following maps describe where the EV Project deployed 5,700...

98

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Overview | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

300 DC fast chargers. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts. EV Project - About the Reports More Documents &...

99

AVTA: Vehicle to Grid Power Flow Regulations and Building Codes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Building Codes Review The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on...

100

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Residential Charging Infrastructure Maps  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following maps describe where the EV Project deployed thousands of residential chargers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports summarize data collected from the 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers deployed by the EV Project. It also deployed 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs and 2,600 plug-in hybrid electric Chevrolet Volts.

102

AVTA: Leviton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Leviton Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles.

103

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Nissan Leaf Data Summary Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports provide summary overviews of the 5,700 all-electric Nissan Leafs deployed through the EV Project. It also deployed about 14,000 Level 2 PEV chargers and 300 DC fast chargers. Background data on how this data was collected is in the EV Project: About the Reports. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

104

AVTA: Smart Fortwo Start-Stop 2010 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_smartcar_mhd.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

105

AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

an OEM in 10 years * Additional FY10 BEVs: Tesla and THINK * Also FY10 test 5 USPS LLV conversions * FY11 will include: Leaf, iMiEV, Transit, Focus, THINK, BMW, BYD E6 * FY11...

106

AVTA: 2010 Electric Vehicles International Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe testing results of the 2010 Electric Vehicles International neighborhood electric vehicle. Neighborhood electric vehicles reach speeds of no more than 35 miles per hour and are only allowed on roads with speed limits of up to 35 miles per hour. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

107

AVTA: 2013 Volkswagon Jetta TDI Diesel Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2013 Volkswagon Jetti TDI, which runs on diesel. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2013_vw_jetta_tdi_conventional.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

108

AVTA: Clipper Creek AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the ClipperCreek AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

109

AVTA: 2013 Ford C-MAX HEV Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Ford C-MAX HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

110

AVTA: Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Eaton AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

111

AVTA: EVSE Testing- NYSERDA Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These reports describe the charging patterns of drivers participating in the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority's (NYSERDA) electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure project.

112

AVTA: 2013-2014 Volkswagen Jetta HEV Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Volkswagen Jetta HEV (a hybrid electric vehicle).

113

AVTA: GE Smart Grid Capable AC Level 2 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

114

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA)- Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C.

115

AVTA: Idaho National Laboratory Experimental Hybrid Shuttle Bus testing results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes testing results of the Idaho National Laboratory's demonstration hybrid shuttle bus.

116

AVTA: 2010 Smart Fortwo Start-Stop Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_smartcar_mhd.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

117

Lighting Principles and Terms | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Principles and Terms Principles and Terms Lighting Principles and Terms July 29, 2012 - 5:20pm Addthis Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Learn More Find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. To choose the best energy-efficient lighting options for your home, you should understand basic lighting principles and terms. Light Quantity Illumination The distribution of light on a horizontal surface. The purpose of all lighting is to produce illumination. Lumen A measurement of light emitted by a lamp. As reference, a 100-watt

118

Optimization Online - Variational principles with generalized ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 23, 2014 ... Variational principles with generalized distances and applications to behavioral sciences. T. Q. Bao(btruong ***at*** nmu.edu)

T. Q. Bao

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

119

Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Federal agencies can use social networks and communications to spark and reinforce behavior change for meeting sustainability goals. This principle is based on research findings showing that people...

120

Symmetries and "principles of construction" in Foundations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Symmetries and "principles of construction" in Foundations Giuseppe Longo LIENS, CNRS ­ ENS, Paris Preliminaries A "foundational analysis" (a fully justified search for "unshakable certainties", in 1900) Frege and Hilbert: the search for (proof) principles and "unshakable certainties" (different: absolute laws

Longo, Giuseppe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Innovization: Innovative Design Principles Through Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Innovization: Innovative Design Principles Through Optimization Kalyanmoy Deb and Aravind) in the context of finding new and innovative design principles by means of optimization techniques. Although optimization algorithms are routinely used to find an optimal solution corresponding to an optimization problem

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

122

Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 10:57am Addthis The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for developing strategies to achieve institutional change-but they are not the strategies themselves. They are derived from academic literature and inform the framework for achieving institutional change in a Federal organization. Each statement is followed by a general strategy for how the principle can be translated into action. Social Network and Communications: Institutions and people change because they see or hear of others (individuals, groups, institutions, firms) behaving differently, so make sure staff see or hear about others who have

123

Memorandum, Principles Governing Departmental Directives - September 10,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Principles Governing Departmental Directives - Principles Governing Departmental Directives - September 10, 2007 Memorandum, Principles Governing Departmental Directives - September 10, 2007 September 10, 2007 The Department of Energy uses directives as its primary means to establish, communicate, and institutionalize policies, requirements, and procedures for Departmental Elements and, in some instances, our contractors. The Department of Energy uses directives as its primary means to establish, communicate, and institutionalize policies, requirements, and procedures for Departmental Elements and, in some instances, our contractors. Directives help ensure that the Department operates in a safe, secure, efficient, and cost-effective manner. They promote operational consistency throughout the DOE complex, foster sound management, and

124

Chamber Clearing First Principles Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LIFE fusion is designed to generate 37.5 MJ of energy per shot, at 13.3 Hz, for a total average fusion power of 500 MW. The energy from each shot is partitioned among neutrons ({approx}78%), x-rays ({approx}12%), and ions ({approx}10%). First wall heating is dominated by x-rays and debris because the neutron mean free path is much longer than the wall thickness. Ion implantation in the first wall also causes damage such as blistering if not prevented. To moderate the peak-pulse heating, the LIFE fusion chamber is filled with a gas (such as xenon) to reduce the peak-pulse heat load. The debris ions and majority of the x-rays stop in the gas, which re-radiates this energy over a longer timescale (allowing time for heat conduction to cool the first wall sufficiently to avoid damage). After a shot, because of the x-ray and ion deposition, the chamber fill gas is hot and turbulent and contains debris ions. The debris needs to be removed. The ions increase the gas density, may cluster or form aerosols, and can interfere with the propagation of the laser beams to the target for the next shot. Moreover, the tritium and high-Z hohlraum debris needs to be recovered for reuse. Additionally, the cryogenic target needs to survive transport through the gas mixture to the chamber center. Hence, it will be necessary to clear the chamber of the hot contaminated gas mixture and refill it with a cool, clean gas between shots. The refilling process may create density gradients that could interfere with beam propagation, so the fluid dynamics must be studied carefully. This paper describes an analytic modeling effort to study the clearing and refilling process for the LIFE fusion chamber. The models used here are derived from first principles and balances of mass and energy, with the intent of providing a first estimate of clearing rates, clearing times, fractional removal of ions, equilibrated chamber temperatures, and equilibrated ion concentrations for the chamber. These can be used to scope the overall problem and provide input to further studies using fluid dynamics and other more sophisticated tools.

Loosmore, G

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Universe Adventure - The Cosmological Principle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cosmological Principle Cosmological Principle The distribution of matter across the universe is approximately even. The distribution of matter across the Universe is approximately even, homogeneous, when considered at large scales. Albert Einstein's theory of General Relativity permits many possible types of universes. In applying the theory to describe the dynamics of our Universe, Einstein made a central empirical assumption to limit the number of possible solutions to the equations. He assumed that on very large scales the distribution of matter in the Universe is constant, making the Universe appear smooth. This idea is a form of the modern cosmological principle. This principle is not exact since much of the Universe's matter is found clustered together in planets, stars, and galaxies, but when considered at

126

Underlying Quality Principles | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Underlying Quality Principles Underlying Quality Principles Underlying Quality Principles These principles are consistent with Integrated Safety Management Policy, P 450.4A and support ISM implementation. Define Policies and Objectives--Ensure they are Understood and Accepted. Management must set expectations for the organization as a whole before employees can do their jobs, satisfy their customers, and strive to improve the quality of their work. This is accomplished by developing and implementing specific policies and objectives that reflect the operating philosophy of the facility's management. Once these policies and objectives have been established, all managers must take the necessary actions to ensure that each employee shares their vision of the organization's purpose. Specify Roles and Responsibilities--Ensure they are Understood and

127

Principles of liquids working in heat engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...achieved by purely adiabatic processes. The. schematic Stirling engine shown has two moving parts, a piston P and a displacer...Malone's principle, the reciprocating flow of the Stirling engine is re- placed by pulsating unidirectional flow with...

P. C. Allen; W. R. Knight; D. N. Paulson; J. C. Wheatley

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Stem cell bioprocessing: fundamentals and principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...require contributions from fundamental research (from developmental...system for stem cell culture does not exist; however, bioreactor...Stem cell bioprocessing: fundamentals and principles. | In recent...require contributions from fundamental research (from developmental...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for developing strategies to achieve institutional change—but they are not the strategies themselves. They are derived from...

130

Cost Principles Webinar for DOE Grant Recipients  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Cost Principles in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) define, by organization type, what kinds of costs are allowable or unallowable for reimbursement...

131

Weyl's principle, cosmic time and quantum fundamentalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the necessary physical underpinnings for setting up the cosmological standard model with a global cosmic time parameter. In particular, we discuss the role of Weyl's principle which asserts that cosmic matter moves according to certain regularity requirements. After a brief historical introduction to Weyl's principle we argue that although the principle is often not explicitly mentioned in modern standard texts on cosmology, it is implicitly assumed and is, in fact, necessary for a physically well-defined notion of cosmic time. We finally point out that Weyl's principle might be in conflict with the wide-spread idea that the universe at some very early stage can be described exclusively in terms of quantum theory.

Svend E. Rugh; Henrik Zinkernagel

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

132

Weyl's principle, cosmic time and quantum fundamentalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the necessary physical underpinnings for setting up the cosmological standard model with a global cosmic time parameter. In particular, we discuss the role of Weyl's principle which asserts that cosmic matter moves according to certain regularity requirements. After a brief historical introduction to Weyl's principle we argue that although the principle is often not explicitly mentioned in modern standard texts on cosmology, it is implicitly assumed and is, in fact, necessary for a physically well-defined notion of cosmic time. We finally point out that Weyl's principle might be in conflict with the wide-spread idea that the universe at some very early stage can be described exclusively in terms of quantum theory.

Rugh, Svend E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices: The Whistler, British) Report No.: 574 Title of Thesis: Policy transfer of innovative sustainability principles and practices;v Abstract This study examines how innovative policies that seek to embed sustainability principles

134

Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Principles for Fostering Sustainability to someone by E-mail Principles for Fostering Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability on AddThis.com...

135

University of California, Santa Cruz Space Management Principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Academic Office Space...................................................... 3 Criteria for Library Space#12;#12;University of California, Santa Cruz Space Management Principles Section Page Space ..................................................................................... 1 3. Space Management Principles

California at Santa Cruz, University of

136

The Hybrid Maximum Principle is a consequence of Pontryagin ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a simple proof of the Maximum Principle for smooth hybrid control sys- ... result in the study of such problems is Hybrid Maximum Principle proved in [4] ...

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Subsidiary minimum principles for scattering parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We denote as a "primary minimum principle" one in which a quantity B of physical interest is represented as the minimum value with respect to variations in a trial function ?t of a functional F(?t); F then provides a variational upper bound on B. (The Rayleigh-Ritz principle for the ground-state energy of a system is a familiar example.) If F is quadratic in ?t, the variational property of F enables one to determine the linear parameters relatively easily, but the minimum property is required if the nonlinear parameters are to be determined in a way which allows for systematic improvement of ?t. We show here that for a wide class of problems for which primary minimum principles do not exist, useful and rigorous secondary or "subsidiary minimum principles" are available. That is, we construct a functional F?(?t) whose minimum value is reached for ?t equal to some function ? of dynamical interest. (The Rayleigh-Ritz method provides a subsidiary minimum principle for the approximate determination of the ground-state wave function of a system.) If B=B(?), then a study of F?(?t) provides a powerful tool for the estimation of ? and therefore B, though B(?t) is not normally a variational bound on B(?). Subsidiary minimum principles have recently been obtained for the approximation of the auxiliary functions that appear in the variational principle for the matrix element (?n, W?m), where ?n and ?m are bound-state wave functions and W is an arbitrary operator. Here we extend the method to the estimation of matrix elements of the Green's function g(?) of a bound system with ? below the continuum threshold energy. The response of the system to an external perturbation can be represented by matrix elements of this type. While no new results on the bound-state problem are obtained, our formulation is a convenient starting point for the further extension of the method to continuum problems. The new result obtained here is the derivation of a subsidiary minimum principle for the problem of scattering of a projectile by a target whose bound-state wave function is only imprecisely known. The subsidiary minimum principle allows for systematic improvement of the closed-channel component of the trial scattering wave function that appears in a Kohn-type variational calculation of the scattering amplitude.

Leonard Rosenberg and Larry Spruch

1974-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Variational Principles for Scattering Processes. I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic treatment is presented of the application of variational principles to the quantum theory of scattering.Starting from the time-dependent theory, a pair of variational principles is provided for the approximate calculation of the unitary (collision) operator that describes the connection between the initial and final states of the system. An equivalent formulation of the theory is obtained by expressing the collision operator in terms of an Hermitian (reaction) operator; variational principles for the reaction operator follow. The time-independent theory, including variational principles for the operators now used to describe transitions, emerges from the time-dependent theory by restricting the discusson to stationary states. Specialization to the case of scattering by a central force field establishes the connection with the conventional phase shift analysis and results in a variational principle for the phase shift.As an illustration, the results of Fermi and Breit on the scattering of slow neutrons by bound protons are deduced by variational methods.

B. A. Lippmann and Julian Schwinger

1950-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Commitment Institutional Change Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commitment Institutional Change Principle Commitment Institutional Change Principle Commitment Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:05am Addthis Commitment can be a crucial element that helps Federal agencies inject and emphasize sustainability in their organizational culture. Institutions and people change when they have made definite commitments to change, especially when those commitments relate to future conditions. Research shows that explicit commitments improve the rate at which people adopt energy-efficient behaviors. Methods Explicit commitments help individuals make behavioral changes by externalizing their internal desires and goals to ensure follow-through. Conveying goals to others also increases the probability of achieving them and prevents procrastination. Precommitting to a request can lead to

140

Eugene Wigner and Fundamental Symmetry Principles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Eugene Wigner and Fundamental Symmetry Principles Eugene Wigner and Fundamental Symmetry Principles Patents · Resources with Additional Information · Wigner Honored "[Eugene P.] Wigner's great contribution to science, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963, was his insight into the fundamental mathematics and physics of quantum mechanics. He applied and extended the mathematical theory of groups to the quantum world of the atom; specifically, he used group theory to organize the quantum energy levels of electrons in atoms in a way that is now standard. With that mathematical approach to the atom, Wigner became one of the first to apprehend the deep implications of symmetry, which has since emerged as one, if not the, key principle of 20th-century theoretical physics. ... Eugene P. Wigner

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Infrastructure Institutional Change Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Infrastructure Institutional Change Principle Infrastructure Institutional Change Principle Infrastructure Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:09am Addthis Research shows that changes in infrastructure prompt changes in behavior (for better or worse). Federal agencies can modify their infrastructure to promote sustainability-oriented behavior change, ideally in ways that make new behaviors easier and more desirable to follow than existing patterns of behavior. The physical structures, technologies, systems, and processes that constitute the infrastructure of a workplace should be aligned with sustainability goals and desired behavioral changes. For example, a rule requiring double-sided printing necessitates the availability and access to functioning duplex printers. Methods Modifying infrastructure so that it promotes sustainable behavior change is

142

Leadership Institutional Change Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Leadership Institutional Change Principle Leadership Institutional Change Principle Leadership Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:04am Addthis For changing behavior among employees, leaders in Federal agencies should visibly communicate their own commitments to sustainability in the workplace. Such visible leadership will help achieve sustainability goals in the short term and continue to provide motivation for long-term benefits. Methods Leaders should have a deep understanding of the politics of the organization and the ability to inspire and influence employees. Someone in a leadership position should demonstrate his or her direct involvement as the initial person to commit to sustainability instead of simply admiring others' efforts. Active leadership from managers as well as from other

143

Accelerating classical charges and the equivalence principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare the behavior of a charged particle in a gravitational field and empty space. We resolve the apparent conflict between the Lorentz-Dirac equation and Larmor's formula of radiation by noting that the former describes an electron that is itself accelerated by an electromagnetic field. If instead, a hypothetical particle is considered that is accelerated by a non-electromagnetic force, Larmor's formula is found to be consistent with the accelerating particle's equation of motion. We consider the consequences concerning the equivalence principle and find that it is indeed violated if one demands that the same electromagnetic field be present in both the gravitational and accelerating cases; however, if one allows for the external electromagnetic fields to be different, the validity of the equivalence principle is restored. In either case, the basic idea behind the equivalence principle, which leads to a geometrized theory of gravity, remains unaffected.

Viktor T. Toth

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

A Novel Variational Principle arising from Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing one example of LC circuit in [8], show its Lagrange problem only have other type critical points except for minimum type and maximum type under many circumstances. One novel variational principle is established instead of Pontryagin maximum principle or other extremal principles to be suitable for all types of critical points in nonlinear LC circuits. The generalized Euler-Lagrange equation of new form is derived. The canonical Hamiltonian systems of description are also obtained under the Legendre transformation, instead of the generalized type of Hamiltonian systems. This approach is not only very simple in theory but also convenient in applications and applicable for nonlinear LC circuits with arbitrary topology and other additional integral constraints.

Hanzhong Wu

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

145

The Principle of Strong Diminishing Transfer Alain Chateauneuf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, introduced by Mehran (1976) and Kakwani (1980), the principle of dual diminishing transfer. At first sight

Boyer, Edmond

146

Icon Design Principles for Preschoolers: Implications Derived from Child Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To better design GUI for preschool users, this study suggests three icon design principles: the principle of obvious visibility, the principle of visual resemblance, and the principle of conceptual resemblance. The conceptual reasoning behind the proposed principles is borrowed from research areas of semiotics, picture-reading and neurodevelopment of children. These principles had also been applied to icon designs for the self-made story-authoring software, MyStory. With this application, the readability of the designed icons is investigated. Icon designs violating any proposed principles result in low readability. Five reasons for lower readability are proposed: unrealistic decorative designs, distorted written styles, experience void, overgeneralized association, and infrequently visible.

Shuhui Chiu; Chorng-Shiuh Koong; Sa-Hui Fan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Dermal Exposure Assessment: Principles and Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Health and Health and EPA/600/8-91/011B Environmental Protection Environmental Assessment January 1992 Agency Washington, DC 20460 Interim Report Research and Development Dermal Exposure Assessment: Principles and Applications EPA/600/8 -91/OllB January 1992 Interim Report DERMAL EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT: PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS Exposure Assessment Group Office of Health and Environmental Assessment U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, D.C. 20460 DISCLAIMER This document is an interim report subject to review by the Science Advisory Board. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii

148

Inertial Force, Equivalence Principle and Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of a manifestly covariant formalism of non-relativistic quantum mechanics in general coordinate systems, proposed by us recently, we derive general expressions for inertial forces. The results enable us further to discuss, and to explain the validity of, the equivalence principle in non-relativistic quantum mechanics.

Minoru Omote; Susumu Kamefuchi

2000-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

149

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M405: Integrated Marketing Communications M425: Retail Marketing Strategy M445: Multinational

de Lijser, Peter

150

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M425: Retail Marketing Strategy M430: Sports Marketing M455: Strategic Internet Marketing M

de Lijser, Peter

151

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M401: Professional Selling M405: Integrated Marketing Communication M415: Managing the Sales

de Lijser, Peter

152

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M430: Sports Marketing M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M401: Professional Selling M405: Integrated Marketing Communication M465

de Lijser, Peter

153

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M425: Retail and Marketing Channel Strategies M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M465: Managing Services Marketing M455

de Lijser, Peter

154

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M425: Retail Marketing Strategy M445: International Marketing M475: Export Marketing M455

de Lijser, Peter

155

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M353: Marketing Information Technology M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M401: Professional Selling M405: Integrated Marketing Communications M455: Strategic

de Lijser, Peter

156

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing M370: Buyer Behavior M379: Marketing Research M405: Advertising & Promotions Strategy M489: Developing Marketing Strategies SUGGESTED ELECTIVES (TWO NEEDED) M353: Marketing Information Technology M430: Sport Marketing M455: Strategic Internet

de Lijser, Peter

157

PRAGMATIC PROBLEM-SOLVING FOR HEALTHCARE: PRINCIPLES,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, MT 59717 Abstract There is a growing national concern that health care organizations do not have innovation. In an effort to improve the internal systems, health care leaders have adopted various process (TPS), built on basic Industrial Engineering principles, offers powerful tools to revamp health care

Sobek II, Durward K.

158

Coherence principles in dose-finding studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Trust December 2005 Article Articles Coherence principles in dose-finding studies...Revised April 2005. This paper studies the coherence conditions of dose-finding methods...toxic outcome has just been seen. The coherence conditions, motivated by ethical concerns......

Ying Kuen Cheung

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Peer Review Anew: Three Principles and a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVITED P A P E R Peer Review Anew: Three Principles and a Case Study in Postpublication Quality arisen, especially concerning quality assurance, peer review, reuse, and modification. New innovations are appearing in peer review, endorsement, the measurement of trust, and the understanding of reputation

160

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J. We present Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios

Dougherty, Daniel J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminum: Principled Scenario Exploration through Minimality Tim Nelson1, Salman Saghafi1, Daniel J Aluminum, a modification of Alloy that presents only minimal scenarios: those that contain no more than is necessary. Aluminum lets users explore the scenario space by adding to scenarios and backtracking. It also

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

162

Materials Physics FirstPrinciple Simulations of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Nuclear Engineering; University of New Mexico Email: adatye@unm.edu The current century most likely in the Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering at the University of New Mexico have initiated a closePrinciple Simulations of Catalytic Materials for Energy Generation Prof. Boris Kiefer, Department of Physics, New

Maccabe, Barney

163

Materials Physics FirstPrinciple Simulations of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Nuclear Engineering; University of New Mexico Email: adatye@unm.edu The production of useful energy of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering at the University of New Mexico have initiated a close collaborationPrinciple Simulations of Catalytic Materials for Energy Generation Prof. Boris Kiefer, Department of Physics, New

Maccabe, Barney

164

Sustainable TransportationSustainable Transportation Principles and PracticesPrinciples and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable TransportationSustainable Transportation Principles and Practices for sustainable practices in Transportation · Provide a context for including sustainable practices and shared commitment #12;WeWe''ll Look at Sustainability at Three Levelsll Look at Sustainability at Three

Kyte, Michael

165

Speed-gradient principle for nonstationary processes in thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The speed-gradient variational principle (SG-principle) is formulated and applied to thermodynamical systems. It is shown that Prigogine's principle of minimum entropy production and Onsager's symmetry relations can be interpreted in terms of the SG-principle and, therefore, are equivalent to each other. In both cases entropy of the system plays a role of the goal functional. The speed-gradient formulation of thermodynamic principles provide their extended versions, describing transient dynamics of nonstationary systems far from equilibrium. As an example a model of transient (relaxation) dynamics for maximum entropy principle is derived.

Alexander L. Fradkov

2007-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

166

Principle Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Principle Power Inc Principle Power Inc Address 93 S. Jackson Street Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98104 Sector Wind energy Product Developing a method so wind turbines can float on ocean waves in deeper coastal waters Website http://www.principlepowerinc.c Coordinates 47.5992095°, -122.3343564° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.5992095,"lon":-122.3343564,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

167

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Operating Principles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operating Principles Operating Principles Our wtis.sion is vitcrl ~ r i r l urgent - rue corrstnntly jOcus on missiort outconles. - US nuclear security is the fundamental mission of the NNSA and its laboratories, plants, and test site. - Mission managers bear responsibility for achieving mission outcomes. - Support managers provide technical assistance and support to enable mission delivery. - Our activities reflect a mission-focused, high performing. high reliability enterprise consistently delivering on its commitmerits and addressing national needs. - We constantly strive to drive innovation and reduce barriers to effectively and collaboratively accomplish our mission. Scierrce crnd fecltnology lie crt the hetrrt ?four mission. - The NNSA and its laboratories, plants, and test site are resources to organizations in the US Government

168

A disturbance tradeoff principle for quantum measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a fundamental principle of disturbance tradeoff for quantum measurements, along the lines of the celebrated uncertainty principle: The disturbances associated with measurements performed on distinct yet identically prepared ensembles of systems in a pure state cannot all be made arbitrarily small. Indeed, we show that the average of the disturbances associated with a set of projective measurements is strictly greater than zero whenever the associated observables do not have a common eigenvector. For such measurements, we show an equivalence between disturbance tradeoff measured in terms of fidelity and the entropic uncertainty tradeoff formulated in terms of the Tsallis entropy ($T_{2}$). We also investigate the disturbances associated with the class of non-projective measurements, where the difference between the disturbance tradeoff and the uncertainty tradeoff manifests quite clearly.

Prabha Mandayam; M. D. Srinivas

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

169

A New, Principled Approach to Anomaly Detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intrusion detection is often described as having two main approaches: signature-based and anomaly-based. We argue that only unsupervised methods are suitable for detecting anomalies. However, there has been a tendency in the literature to conflate the notion of an anomaly with the notion of a malicious event. As a result, the methods used to discover anomalies have typically been ad hoc, making it nearly impossible to systematically compare between models or regulate the number of alerts. We propose a new, principled approach to anomaly detection that addresses the main shortcomings of ad hoc approaches. We provide both theoretical and cyber-specific examples to demonstrate the benefits of our more principled approach.

Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL; Bridges, Robert A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

171

Principles and guidelines for diversity in teamwork  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of Sandia`s Corporate Diversity Program, a Diversity Action Team was assembled to study the impact of diversity on teamwork. We reviewed the available literature on successful teaming, both with homogeneous (more alike than different) and heterogeneous teams. Although many principles and guidelines for successful homogeneous teams also apply to diverse teams, we believe that a document concentrating on diverse teams will be useful both for Sandians and for the outside world.

Berman, M.; Crespin, G.; Garcia, L.R.; Jansma, R.; Lovato, L.; Randall, G.; Sanchez, A.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Generalized Uncertainty Principle: Approaches and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review highlights from string theory, black hole physics and doubly special relativity and some "thought" experiments which were suggested to probe the shortest distance and/or the maximum momentum at the Planck scale. The models which are designed to implement the minimal length scale and/or the maximum momentum in different physical systems are analysed entered the literature as the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP). We compare between them. The existence of a minimal length and a maximum momentum accuracy is preferred by various physical observations. Furthermore, assuming modified dispersion relation allows for a wide range of applications in estimating, for example, the inflationary parameters, Lorentz invariance violation, black hole thermodynamics, Saleker-Wigner inequalities, entropic nature of the gravitational laws, Friedmann equations, minimal time measurement and thermodynamics of the high-energy collisions. One of the higher-order GUP approaches gives predictions for the minimal length uncertainty. Another one predicts a maximum momentum and a minimal length uncertainty, simultaneously. An extensive comparison between the different GUP approaches is summarized. We also discuss the GUP impacts on the equivalence principles including the universality of the gravitational redshift and the free fall and law of reciprocal action and on the kinetic energy of composite system. The concern about the compatibility with the equivalence principles, the universality of gravitational redshift and the free fall and law of reciprocal action should be addressed. We conclude that the value of the GUP parameters remain a puzzle to be verified.

Abdel Nasser Tawfik; Abdel Magied Diab

2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

173

Cosmic rays and tests of fundamental principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is now widely acknowledged that cosmic rays experiments can test possible new physics directly generated at the Planck scale or at some other fundamental scale. By studying particle properties at energies far beyond the reach of any man-made accelerator, they can yield unique checks of basic principles. A well-known example is provided by possible tests of special relativity at the highest cosmic-ray energies. But other essential ingredients of standard theories can in principle be tested: quantum mechanics, uncertainty principle, energy and momentum conservation, effective space-time dimensions, hamiltonian and lagrangian formalisms, postulates of cosmology, vacuum dynamics and particle propagation, quark and gluon confinement, elementariness of particles... Standard particle physics or string-like patterns may have a composite origin able to manifest itself through specific cosmic-ray signatures. Ultra-high energy cosmic rays, but also cosmic rays at lower energies, are probes of both "conventional" and new Physics. Status, prospects, new ideas, and open questions in the field are discussed. The Post Scriptum shows that several basic features of modern cosmology naturally appear in a SU(2) spinorial description of space-time without any need for matter, relativity or standard gravitation. New possible effects related to the spinorial space-time structure can also be foreseen. Similarly, the existence of spin-1/2 particles can be naturally related to physics beyond Planck scale and to a possible pre-Big Bang era.

Luis Gonzalez-Mestres

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

174

Chapter 31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

1 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures Chapter 31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures 31.1CostReasonableness0.pdf 31.2AllowableFoodandBeverageCostsatDOEandCo...

175

First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a High-Performance Cathode for Li-S Batteries. First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a...

176

Principles vs. Practices in Undergraduate Microelectronic Systems Education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The ideal new hire should be strong in fundamental principles and contemporary engineering practices. With the complexity of CAD tools increasing rapidly care should be taken to not over-emphasize practices. Basic principles must not be sacrificed ...

Bradley S. Carlson 1

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Principles of Secure Information Flow Analysis Geoffrey Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles of Secure Information Flow Analysis Geoffrey Smith School of Computing and Information to explain the #12;2 Geoffrey Smith principles underlying secure information flow analysis and to discuss

Smith, Geoffrey

178

Chapter 31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures Chapter 31 - Contract Cost Principles and Procedures 31.1CostReasonableness0.pdf 31.2AllowableFoodandBeverageCostsatDOEandC...

179

Unified Field Theory and Principle of Representation Invariance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objectives of this article are to postulate a new principle of representation invariance (PRI), and to refine the unified field model of four interactions, derived using the principle of interaction dynamics (PID). Intuitively, PID takes the ... Keywords: Asymptotic freedom, Atom potential, Duality theory of interactions, Electroweak theory, Higgs bosons, Higgs mechanism, Nucleon potential, Principle of Interaction Dynamics (PID), Principle of Representation Invariance (PRI), Quark confinement, Quark potential, Strong interaction force formulas, Unified field equations, Weak interaction force formula, Weak interaction potential

Tian Ma, Shouhong Wang

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Microfabrication Project Proposal Form Principle Investigator: (Person responsible for project)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfabrication Project Proposal Form Principle Investigator: (Person responsible for project: ___________________________________ Department: _____________________ _________________ __ Phone Number: _________________________ Project Information: Project Title: ________________________________________________________________ Funding Agency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A Remark About the "Geodesic Principle" in General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Remark About the "Geodesic Principle" in General Relativity Version 3.0 David B. Malament is the Geodesic Principle: Free massive point particles traverse timelike geodesics. One can think of it as a relativistic version of Newton's first law of motion. It is often claimed that the geodesic principle can

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

182

An Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Mutation Rates at Multiple Loci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Mutation Rates at Multiple Loci Lee Altenberg altenber of the reduction principle is found: reduction results at individual loci combine topologically to produce to the reduction principle, and under fine tuning of mutation rates would be expected to have higher mutation rates

Altenberg, Lee

183

Gravitational tests of the Generalized Uncertainty Principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the corrections to the Schwarzschild metric necessary to reproduce the Hawking temperature derived from a Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP), so that the GUP deformation parameter is directly linked to the deformation of the metric. Using this modified Schwarzschild metric, we compute corrections to the standard General Relativistic predictions for the light deflection and perihelion precession, both for planets in the solar system and for binary pulsars. This analysis allows us to set bounds for the GUP deformation parameter from well-known astronomical measurements.

Scardigli, Fabio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Gravitational tests of the Generalized Uncertainty Principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the corrections to the Schwarzschild metric necessary to reproduce the Hawking temperature derived from a Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP), so that the GUP deformation parameter is directly linked to the deformation of the metric. Using this modified Schwarzschild metric, we compute corrections to the standard General Relativistic predictions for the light deflection and perihelion precession, both for planets in the solar system and for binary pulsars. This analysis allows us to set bounds for the GUP deformation parameter from well-known astronomical measurements.

Fabio Scardigli; Roberto Casadio

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Chapter 3 - Principles of Water Purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes the principles of water purification. An important point to observe is the difference between purifying drinking water and purifying water optimal for life of organisms. In the former case, it is important that organisms, prokaryotes and protists, are effectively killed in the water treatment. In the latter instance, the purified water must allow all organisms to live. Chlorination and other treatments that are used to purify drinking water are toxic to all organisms. Water treatment first mechanically removes large objects, whereafter much of the organic material is biodegraded via digestion by anaerobic and aerobic bacteria. When wastes are biodegraded, production of biogas and heat occurs. A final step in wastewater treatment involves the removal of certain compounds, such as phosphorus by precipitation as, for example, insoluble iron phosphate, and of some metals by hyperaccumulating plants.

Mikko Nikinmaa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in principle with California's Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) and NASA on the cleanup of the Santa Susana Field Lab (SSFL) site in Simi Valley. "The...

187

Proposed Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency...

188

Structure and Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Organizing Principles for Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup 1 Background As part of Post-2011-Review, BPA agreed to convene a low income energy efficiency workgroup. The...

189

INVITED REVIEW Principles of Docking: An Overview of Search Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mechanics, namely, populations. Docking and fold- ing are interrelated. From the purely physical stand- point, binding and folding are analogous processes, with similar underlying principles. Computation

Batzoglou, Serafim

190

First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and properties of ZrSiO4 polymorphs. First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and...

191

Jeung Gon Kim > Principle Research Engineer - Samsung Cheil Industries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jeung Gon Kim Principle Research Engineer - Samsung Cheil Industries Former Postdoc with the Coates Group, Jeung Gon returned to Korea to work with Samsung...

192

Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics Harry A the way for ultrahigh efficiency photovoltaics. Energy loss in Carnot cycle

Faraon, Andrei

193

To Principles of Quantum Mechanics Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New insight to the principles of the quantum physics development is given. The correct ways for the construction of new versions of quantum mechanics on the second main postulate base are discussed. The conclusion on the status of the second main postulate is given. Its formulation in all textbooks has to be represented in the form of statement, since the hypothesis of Schr\\"odinger on the existance of the field scalar function, being to be observable quantity, just charge density, is strictly proved for the case of EM-field, the role of which is argued to be decisive for the dynamics of the atomic systems. It is shown, that the field scalar function, being to be the function the only of coordinates and time, actually describes the state of the system. The second main postulate in Schr\\"odinger formulation is mathematically strictly grounded, but in the popular probabilistic form used in modern textbooks on quantum theory it cannot be proved. The probabilistic theatise, proposed by Born is true in a number of...

Yerchuck, Dmitri; Borovik, Felix; Yerchak, Yauhen; Stelmakh, Vyacheslav; Dodin, Ilya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

To Principles of Quantum Mechanics Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New insight to the principles of the quantum physics development is given. The correct ways for the construction of new versions of quantum mechanics on the second main postulate base are discussed. The conclusion on the status of the second main postulate is given. Its formulation in all textbooks has to be represented in the form of statement, since the hypothesis of Schr\\"odinger on the existance of the field scalar function, being to be observable quantity, just charge density, is strictly proved for the case of EM-field, the role of which is argued to be decisive for the dynamics of the atomic systems. It is shown, that the field scalar function, being to be the function the only of coordinates and time, actually describes the state of the system. The second main postulate in Schr\\"odinger formulation is mathematically strictly grounded, but in the popular probabilistic form used in modern textbooks on quantum theory it cannot be proved. The probabilistic theatise, proposed by Born is true in a number of special cases, quite correctly indicated by Dirac. The possible ways of the development of quantum theory, based on clear understanding of the origin of corpuscular-wave dualism are analysed.

Dmitri Yerchuck; Alla Dovlatova; Felix Borovik; Yauhen Yerchak; Vyacheslav Stelmakh

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

195

Chapter 1. Basic principles of membrane contactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the basic principles of membrane contactors. The membrane contactors identify the membrane systems that are employed to keep two phases in contact. To avoid the mixing of the two phases, the operating pressures must be controlled. The pressure of the aqueous/polar phase has to be equal to or higher than the pressure of the wetting/filling phase. In membrane strippers and scrubbers, a liquid is in contact with a gas, the difference between the two systems being the direction in which the species are transferred: from the liquid to the gas and vice versa, respectively. In supported liquid membranes, the micropores of the membrane are filled by an organic phase and the membrane is located between two aqueous phases. Membrane distillation is the only example of membrane contactor where the driving force is related to a temperature gradient across the membrane. Osmotic distillation performs the same work of the membrane distillation but uses a different method for creating the partial pressure gradient. Membrane crystallizers represent a particular application of membrane and osmotic distillation. Membrane emulsifiers employ both hydrophobic and hydrophilic membranes for creating microemulsions. Membrane contactors can be also used to carry out catalytic reactions.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

From Conventional to Organic: Weed Management Principles for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Conventional to Organic: Weed Management Principles for the Transition Years FabiĂĄn Menalled weed management tool is located between your ears www.forages.oregonsate.edu #12;Today, we'll talk more about principles than specific practices #12;Outline for Today's Presentation Transitioning to organic

Maxwell, Bruce D.

197

The long-term management of nuclear emergencies: the principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Article Articles Off-Site Nuclear Emergency Management...long-term management of nuclear emergencies: the principles...Environmental Sciences and Policy, Central European University...LONG-TERM MANAGEMENT OF NUCLEAR EMERGENCIES: THE PRINCIPLES...Environmental Sciences and Policy, Central European University......

Keith Baverstock; Aleg Cherp; Patrick Gray

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A proof-theoretic account of classical principles of truth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the interface between principles of self-applicable truth and classical logic. To this end, the proof-theoretic strength of a number of axiomatic theories of truth over intuitionistic logic is determined. The theories considered correspond to the maximal consistent collections of fifteen truth-theoretic principles as isolated in Leigh and Rathjen (2012).

G.E. Leigh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Linear Variation in Genetic Transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Linear Variation in Genetic Transmission Lee Altenberg of modifier gene models, in which a neutral gene is posited to control the transmission of other genes under principle": in a population near equilibrium, a new modifier allele that scales equally all transition

Altenberg, Lee

200

Optimization of Microfluidic Fuel Cells Using Transport Principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimization of Microfluidic Fuel Cells Using Transport Principles ... In this paper, we describe an approach to designing microfluidic fuel cells that optimizes the reaction?depletion boundary layer using transport principles. ... The data represented as ? or · in Figure 7 correspond to microfluidic fuel cells where the gap between consecutive electrodes was not optimized. ...

Jinkee Lee; Keng Guan Lim; G. Tayhas R. Palmore; Anubhav Tripathi

2007-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

State Agreement-In-Principle Program Guidance Memorandum | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State Agreement-In-Principle Program Guidance Memorandum State Agreement-In-Principle Program Guidance Memorandum State Agreement-In-Principle Program Guidance Memorandum United States GovernmentDepartment of Energy Memorandum DATE: December 22, 1995 REPLY TO ATTN OF: EM-75 SUBJECT: State Agreement-in-Principle Program Guidance TO: Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office Manager, Chicago Operations Office Manager, Idaho Operations Office Manager, Nevada Operations Office Manager, Oak Ridge Operations Office Manager, Ohio Field Office Manager, Richland Operations Office Manager, Rocky Flats Field Office Manager, Oakland Operations Office Manager, Savannah River Operations Office The purpose of this memorandum is to provide you with guidance on the State Agreement-in-Principle (AIP) program. The guidance includes a collection of

202

Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings October 4, 2013 - 4:49pm Addthis The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides guidance and assistance for compliance with the guiding principles established by the 2006 Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), which became mandatory through Executive Order (E.O.) 13423 and reinforced in E.O. 13514. The common set of guiding principles include those for: Integrated design Energy performance Water conservation Materials to help: Reduce the total ownership cost of facilities Improve energy efficiency and water conservation

203

Ethical principles and guidelines for the development of cognitive systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As cognitive systems technologies emerge, so too do the ethical issues surrounding their development and use. To develop cognitive systems technologies responsibly, Sandia National Laboratories is establishing a framework to proactively address both real and potential ethical issues. This report contains the principles and guidelines developers can use to guide them as they are confronted with ethical issues related to developing cognitive systems technologies as they apply to U.S. national security. A process to apply these principles offers a practical way to transfer these principles from paper to a working strategy. Case studies are presented to reflect upon potential scenarios and to consider resolution strategies.

Shaneyfelt, Wendy

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

State Agreements-In-Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Compliance » State Compliance » State Agreements-In-Principle State Agreements-In-Principle The EM Office of Regulatory Compliance coordinates within EM offices and other Departmental organizations to review proposed Agreements-in-Principle (AIPs) with States. We review proposed agreements and, if necessary, develop program policies to support Program and Field Office implementation of the AIP program. On December 22, 1995, EM-1 released the State Agreement-In-Principle Program Guidance Memorandum. The guidance memorandum has several attachments to it, including frequently asked questions and answers regarding AIPs, mandatory and optional provisions, and model language. On August 14, 1994, EM-1 released the Delegation of Authority Memorandum, which describes authorities for various financial assistance agreements. It

205

Federal Energy Management Program: Institutional Change Principles for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Principles for Fostering Sustainability Principles for Fostering Sustainability The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for developing strategies to achieve institutional change-but they are not the strategies themselves. They are derived from academic literature and inform the framework for achieving institutional change in a Federal organization. Each statement is followed by a general strategy for how the principle can be translated into action. Social Network and Communications: Institutions and people change because they see or hear of others (individuals, groups, institutions, firms) behaving differently, so make sure staff see or hear about others who have changed their office energy use or patterns of behavior. Multiple Motivations: Institutions and people almost always change their ways of doing things for more than one reason, so provide different and combined appeals.

206

Continuous Change Institutional Change Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Continuous Change Institutional Change Principle Continuous Change Institutional Change Principle Continuous Change Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:13am Addthis Because it takes time to establish institutional change, Federal agencies need multiyear plans that continuously work to achieve, reinforce, and improve significant and persistent sustainability goals. Sustainability efforts ultimately may fail unless organizational change becomes "the way we do business." This principle is in line with organization research showing that institutional change is a multiyear process. Methods Institutional change is a long process that requires patience and persistence. For instance, the trial period for a new behavior must be long enough to allow people to form new habits. The key is to think long-term

207

Chiral solitons with bohm potential by He's variational principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chiral nonlinear Schroedinger's equation with Bohm potential is integrated. The technique that is carried out to integrate this equation is He's semi-inverse variational principle. The numerical simulation is also included.

Biswas, A. [Delaware State University, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Center for Research and Education in Optical Sciences and Applications (United States); Milovic, D. [University of Nis, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Department of Telecommunications (Serbia)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

On the Principle of Smooth Fit for Killed Diffusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Principle of Smooth Fit for Killed Diffusions Farman Samee To appear in Electron. Commun of Smooth Fit for Killed Diffusions Farman Samee Research Report No. 16, 2006, Probab. Statist. Group

Sidorov, Nikita

209

CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller Exam 1 (version 25mar2003- edly reads inputs until it reads a value k that is not equal to the current value of v

Stoller, Scott

210

The Uncertainty Principle Determines the Nonlocality of Quantum Mechanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wehner S. , Relaxed uncertainty relations and information processing . QIC 9 , 801 ( 2009 ). Abstract 5 Paw?owski M. ., Information causality as a physical principle . Nature 461 , 1101 ( 2009 ). 10.1038/nature08400 19847260 6 W. van Dam...

Jonathan Oppenheim; Stephanie Wehner

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

211

Using Evidence-Based Principles in Clinical Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To help students better understand how to use evidence-based principles in clinical practice, Prof. Storkel is revising her SPLH 880 course so that students can access evidence from clinical research and apply it to specific patients....

Storkel, Holly Lynn

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

First-Principles Prediction of Thermodynamically Reversible Hydrogen...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First-Principles Prediction of Thermodynamically Reversible Hydrogen Storage Reactions in the Li-Mg-Ca-B-H system Home Author: V. Ozolins, E. H. Majzoub, C. Wolverton Year: 2009...

213

Design of water-splitting photocatalysts by first principles computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on the design of novel inorganic water-splitting photocatalysts for solar applications using first principles computations. Water-splitting photocatalysts are materials that can photo-catalyze the ...

Wu, Yabi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

5.111 Principles of Chemical Science, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to chemistry, with emphasis on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. Introduction to the chemistry of ...

Ceyer, Sylvia Teresse

215

Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle Multiple Motivations Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:02am Addthis The multiple motivations principle suggests that a portfolio approach-rather than a single strategy-may be required to achieve change. Research demonstrates that people and institutions adopt new behaviors for many reasons. They likely need more than one reason for changing their current behavior. Therefore, people may shift to more sustainable, energy-efficient behaviors in the workplace because those actions are part of the agency's mission, lower costs, make work life easier or healthier, and are the "right thing to do." Methods Because individuals have different motivations, a variety of approaches should be used to change behavior. Such approaches can range widely, from

216

Principles of Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Principles of Heating and Cooling Principles of Heating and Cooling Principles of Heating and Cooling May 30, 2012 - 6:04pm Addthis To heat and cool your house efficiently, it is important to know how heat transfers to and from objects. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/kryzanek. To heat and cool your house efficiently, it is important to know how heat transfers to and from objects. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/kryzanek. Understanding how heat is transferred from the outdoors into your home and from your home to your body is important for understanding the challenge of keeping your house cool. Understanding the processes that help keep your body cool is important in understanding cooling strategies for your home. Principles of Heat Transfer Heat is transferred to and from objects -- such as you and your home -- via

217

Federal Energy Management Program: Guiding Principles for Federal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings FEMP provides guidance and assistance for compliance with the guiding principles established by the 2006 Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), which became mandatory through Executive Order (E.O.) 13423 and reinforced in E.O. 13514. The common set of guiding principles include those for: Integrated design Energy performance Water conservation Materials to help: Reduce the total ownership cost of facilities Improve energy efficiency and water conservation Provide safe, healthy, and productive building environments Promote sustainable environmental stewardship. See the Interagency Sustainability Working Group's 2008 High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings Guidance.

218

Large Deviations Principle for Stochastic Scalar Conservation Laws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate large deviations for a family of conservative stochastic PDEs (conservation laws) in the asymptotic of jointly vanishing noise and viscosity. We obtain a first large deviations principle in a space of Young measures. The associated rate functional vanishes on a wide set, the so-called set of measure-valued solutions to the limiting conservation law. We therefore investigate a second order large deviations principle, thus providing a quantitative characterization of non-entropic solutions to the conservation law.

Mauro Mariani

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

Application of parameter analysis principles in design: an experimental study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF PARAMETER ANALYSIS PRINCIPLES IN DESIGN: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY A Thesis by VINAI ROJANAVANICH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering APPLICATION OF PARAMETER ANALYSIS PRINCIPLES IN DESIGN: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY A Thesis by VINAI ROJANAVANICH Approved as to style and content by: David G. sson (Chair...

Rojanavanich, Vinai

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Time-dependent first-principles approaches to PV materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computational scheme for designing photovoltaic (PV) materials is presented. First-principles electron dynamics of photo-excitation and subsequent electron-hole splitting is performed based on the time-dependent density functional theory. Photo-induced enhancement of dipole moment was observed in a polar crystal and a donor-acceptor molecular pair. These experiences will pave a way to design PV material from first-principles simulations.

Miyamoto, Yoshiyuki [Nanosystem Research Institute, AIST, Central 2, 1-1-1, Umezono, Tsukuba, 305-8568 (Japan)

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electronic Circular Dichroism of Proteins from First-Principles Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic Circular Dichroism of Proteins from First-Principles Calculations ... The circular dichroism (CD) spectra of 47 proteins in the far-ultraviolet have been calculated from first principles, using a parameter set derived from ab initio calculations on N-methylacetamide. ... An important aspect of calculating protein CD spectra is the accurate parametrization of the ground and excited electronic states of the amide chromophore. ...

Jonathan D. Hirst; Karl Colella; Andrew T. B. Gilbert

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

222

Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and it is used to derive the Schr\\"odinger and Dirac equations and the breaking of the commutativity of spacetime geometry. The formulation provides an explanation of how determinism and random statistical behavior coexist in spacetime and a framework is developed that allows dynamical processes to be formulated in terms of chains of digits. These methods lead to a new (pre-geometrical) foundation for Lorentz transformations and special relativity. The Parker-Rhodes combinatorial hierarchy is encompassed within our approach and this leads to an estimate of the interaction strength of the electromagnetic and gravitational forces that agrees with the experimental values to an error of less than one thousandth. Finally, it is shown how the principle of least-radix economy naturally gives rise to Boltzmann's principle of classical statistical thermodynamics. A new expression for a general (path-dependent) nonequilibrium entropy is proposed satisfying the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

Vladimir Garcia-Morales

2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

223

Y-12 Sustainable Design Principles for Building Design and Construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

B&W Y-12 is committed to modernizing the Y-12 complex to meet future needs with a sustainable and responsive infrastructure and to integrating sustainability principles and practices into Y-12 work (Y72-001, B&W Y-12 Environmental, Safety and Health Policy). This commitment to sustainability and specifically sustainable design of buildings is also incorporated into Presidential Executive Orders (EO), DOE Orders (DOE O), and goals. Sustainable building design is an approach to design, construct, and operate facilities in an efficient and environmentally sound manner that will produce a healthful, resource-efficient and productive working environment that is inherently protective of the environment. The DOE has established the following 5 Guiding Principles for High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB), and has issued directives that require Y-12 to incorporate the principles and a number of supporting specific practices and techniques into building design, construction and renovation projects: (1) Employ Integrated Design Principles; (2) Optimize Energy Performance; (3) Protect and Conserve Water; (4) Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality; and (5) Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials. The purpose of this document is to present the required sustainable building principles, practices and techniques, summarize the key drivers for incorporating them into Y-12 projects, and present additional recommendations and resources that can be used to support sustainable buildings to enhance the environmental and economic performance of the Y-12 Complex.

Jackson, J. G.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Civic hybrid electric vehicle with an advanced experimental ultra-lead acid battery, an experimental vehicle not for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

225

AVTA: ChargePoint America Recovery Act project map of charging units  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe results of data collected through the Chargepoint America project, which deployed 4,600 public and home charging stations throughout the U.S.

226

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? Non-PHEV Evaluations and Data Collection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland.

227

AVTA: Testing Results on the USPS Long-life Vehicle Conversions to All-Electric  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing conversions to all-electric vehicles of the U.S. Postal Service's standard Long-Life Vehicle used for postal deliveries. The conversions were done by different companies and can be compared to understand the benefits of various electric drive and battery technologies.

228

AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act project map  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following map describes the distribution of vehicles for a project with the 2011 Chrysler RAM PHEV, a demonstration vehicle not currently available for sale. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

229

AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the GE Energy Wattstation AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles.

230

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the ChargePoint AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles.

231

AVTA: 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet PHEV Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

VTO's National Laboratories have tested and collected both dynamometer and fleet data for the Ford CMAX Energi (a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle).

232

AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act Project Testing Results Phase 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Chrysler RAM PHEV, a demonstration vehicle not currently available for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

233

AVTA: Quantifying the Effects of Idle Stop Systems on Fuel Economy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. This report gives an overall analysis of stop-start technology. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

234

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for NASA White Sands Test Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on the NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Voltec Level 1 and Level 2 charging systems for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

236

AVTA: 2014 Smart Electric Drive Coupe All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

237

AVTA: 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. ...

238

AVTA: Chrysler RAM Experimental PHEV Pickup Truck Recovery Act Project Testing Results- Phase 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2011 Chrysler RAM PHEV, a demonstration vehicle not currently available for sale.

239

AVTA: BWM Mini-E All-Electric Vehicle Testing Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on an all-electric 2009 BMW Mini-e, a demonstration vehicle not available on the market. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

240

Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy May 16, 2012 - 5:35pm Addthis Richard Kauffman Richard Kauffman Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Energy Editor's note: this article originally appeared in the National Journal. Boom and Bust comes at a critical moment for the future of clean energy in the US. On one hand, the recent global scale-up in clean energy deployment has significantly reduced costs in that sector, for example a 75 percent decline in the price of solar panels and a 27 percent decline in wind turbines between 2008 and 2012. On the other, at the very moment when these technologies are becoming economically competitive with traditional generation in many parts of the country, a looming 75 percent contraction

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Principles For Clean-Energy Policy Principles For Clean-Energy Policy Two Principles For Clean-Energy Policy May 16, 2012 - 5:35pm Addthis Richard Kauffman Richard Kauffman Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Energy Editor's note: this article originally appeared in the National Journal. Boom and Bust comes at a critical moment for the future of clean energy in the US. On one hand, the recent global scale-up in clean energy deployment has significantly reduced costs in that sector, for example a 75 percent decline in the price of solar panels and a 27 percent decline in wind turbines between 2008 and 2012. On the other, at the very moment when these technologies are becoming economically competitive with traditional generation in many parts of the country, a looming 75 percent contraction in federal support threatens the progress we have made at the exact moment

242

Information and Feedback Institutional Change Principle | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Information and Feedback Institutional Change Principle Information and Feedback Institutional Change Principle Information and Feedback Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:07am Addthis Information alone, however, is unlikely to lead to action. Federal and commercial programs have demonstrated reductions in energy use from delivery of reports to customers. By providing actionable information and feedback that are tailored to specific workplace situations, Federal agencies can help to spur and maintain behaviors that save energy and resources. Methods However, for sustainability, providing information to create awareness and engagement may be an important component of an action plan. People often have to contend with information overload. Therefore, recipients need to see the information and resources provided as salient and, ideally, useful

243

Social Empowerment Institutional Change Principle | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empowerment Institutional Change Principle Empowerment Institutional Change Principle Social Empowerment Institutional Change Principle October 8, 2013 - 11:11am Addthis By creating a context in which workers feel empowered to take action, Federal agencies can promote behaviors and behavior changes that support their sustainability goals. When individuals and organizations believe they can reach desirable social goals, they often do-as is shown in research studies of change. Methods Workers are socially motivated by three desires: Autonomy: They want to have control over their work. Mastery: They strive to do better at what they do. Purpose: They long to be part of something bigger than themselves. Appealing to these desires typically is more effective than implementing formal rules and regulations or giving prizes for best performance.

244

Design principles for effective physics instruction: A case from physics and everyday thinking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design principles for effective physics instruction: A case from physics and everyday thinking Fred of their basic design principles. We describe the research-based design principles used in the development of one an early pilot implementation illustrates how the design principles play out in a practical classroom

Colorado at Boulder, University of

245

Bloat control and generalization pressure using the minimum description length principle for a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bloat control and generalization pressure using the minimum description length principle to achieve these objectives based on the Minimum Description Length (MDL) principle. This principle solutions that are bigger than necessary, contradicting the Occam's razor principle [7] which says that "the

Bacardit, Jaume

246

Kinetic Energy Principle And Neoclassical Toroidal Torque In Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that when tokamaks are perturbed the kinetic energy principle is closely related to the neoclassical toroidal torque by the action invariance of particles. Especially when tokamaks are perturbed from scalar pressure equilibria, the imaginary part of the potential energy in the kinetic energy principle is equivalent to the toroidal torque by the Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity (NTV). A unified description therefore should be made for both physics. It is also shown in this case that the potential energy operator can be self-adjoint and thus the stability calculation can be simplified by minimizing the potential energy

Jong-Kyu Park

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

247

From Pauli Principle to Hypernucleus, Neutron Star, and Econophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposed by Wolfgang Pauli more than 80 years ago, the exclusion principle has been proven to have a far-reaching consequence, from femtoscopic world to macroscopic, super-dense, and fully relativistic physics. Starting from this principle, we discuss two interesting research topics, which have currently drawn considerable attention in the nuclear- and astrophysics communities; the hypernuclear and neutron star physics. Special attention is given to the electromagnetic production of the hypertriton and the consequences of the neutrino electromagnetic properties in dense matter. We also touch on the new arena which could also be fascinating for physicists; the econophysics.

T. Mart

2007-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

Fermions in d = 1 + 2 dimensions from first principles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we construct states describing planar electrons ('spin' (1/2) particles with well defined parity) in d = 1 + 2 from first principles and show that they satisfy Dirac equation, which turns out to be the covariant form of the eigenvalue equation for spatial inversion (parity) just like in d = 1 + 3.

Carrillo-Ruiz, Ma. Georgina; Napsuciale, Mauro [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato, Lomas del Basque 103, Fracc. Lomas del Campestre, C.P. 37150, Leon Gto. (Mexico)

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

249

Reserve asset values and the "hotelling valuation principle"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hotelling Valuation Principle, that the in-situ value of a mineral unit equals the current net price, is a special case of a more general relation. Tested against a set of recent Canadian sales of oil and gas reserves, ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Proof-of-Principle Detonation Driven, Linear Electric Generator Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proof-of-Principle Detonation Driven, Linear Electric Generator Facility Eric M. Braun, Frank K. Lu is described in which a detonation-driven piston system has been integrated with a linear generator in order in a single mass, two-spring system where the detonation wave pressure may be modeled as a variable force

Texas at Arlington, University of

251

HYBRID NECESSARY PRINCIPLE MAURO GARAVELLO AND BENEDETTO PICCOLI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYBRID NECESSARY PRINCIPLE MAURO GARAVELLO AND BENEDETTO PICCOLI Key words. Optimal control a hybrid control system and general optimal control problems for this system. We suppose that the switching strategy imposes restrictions on control sets and we provide necessary conditions for an optimal hybrid

Piccoli, Benedetto

252

CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller Exam 2 (version 24apr2003). Problem 2 Consider the lambda calculus expression (f.f(fI))P1, where we used the following abbre- viations: I = (x.x), P1 = (x.y.x). (a) Give a proof of the normal order evaluation of this expression using

Stoller, Scott

253

The Regularity Principle of Self-Management Naftaly Minsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Regularity Principle of Self-Management Naftaly Minsky Department of Computer Science, Rutgers Introduction Several approaches to the self management and self or- ganization1 have been proposed during, by definition, a self managed system. And there are two well known approaches to such manage- ment, often called

Minsky, Naftaly

254

A minimum entropy principle of high order schemes for gas ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The entropy solutions of the compressible Euler equations satisfy a minimum principle for the specific ... where ? is the density, u is the velocity, m is the momentum, E is the total energy and p is the pressure. ... can enforce this condition without destroying conservation. .... achieved under a standard CFL condition ? (|u| + c) ...

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Principles of Experience-Dependent Neural Plasticity: Implications for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Principles of Experience-Dependent Neural Plasticity: Implications for Rehabilitation After Brain and considerations in applying them to the damaged brain. Method: Neuroscience research using a variety of models. Results: Neural plasticity is believed to be the basis for both learning in the intact brain

Jones, Theresa A.

256

The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function Edmund T. Rolls Oxford Centre random spiking times of individual neurons produce a source of noise in the brain. The aim of this book is to consider the effects of this and other noise on brain pro- cessing. We show that in cortical networks

Rolls, Edmund T.

257

Tutorial on seismic interferometry: Part 1 --Basic principles and applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tutorial on seismic interferometry: Part 1 -- Basic principles and applications Kees Wapenaar1 , Deyan Draganov1 , Roel Snieder2 , Xander Campman3 , and Arie Verdel3 ABSTRACT Seismic interferometry is the retrieval of seismic surface-wave responses from ambient noise and the subsequent tomographic determination

Snieder, Roel

258

Conservative relativity principle: Logical ground and analysis of relevant experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest a new relativity principle, which asserts the impossibility to distinguish the state of rest and the state of motion at the constant velocity of a system, if no work is done to the system in question during its motion. We suggest calling this new rule as "conservative relativity principle" (CRP). In the case of an empty space, CRP is reduced to the Einstein special relativity principle. We also show that CRP is compatible with the general relativity principle. One of important implications of CRP is the dependence of the proper time of a charged particle on the electric potential at its location. In the present paper we consider the relevant experimental facts gathered up to now, where the latter effect can be revealed. We show that in atomic physics the introduction of this effect furnishes a better convergence between theory and experiment than that provided by the standard approach. Finally, we reanalyze the Moessbauer experiments in rotating systems and show that the obtained recently puzzling deviation of the relative energy shift between emission and absorption lines from the relativistic prediction can be explained by the CRP.

Alexander Kholmetskii; Tolga Yarman; Oleg Missevitch

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

259

Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795 A course in the Program in Population Health Fall 2012 University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health The lecture in medicine and public health, inequities in health persist. Understanding health on a population level

Sheridan, Jennifer

260

COURSES TO TAKE M351: Principles of Marketing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COURSES TO TAKE M351: Principles of Marketing M462: Entrepreneurial Marketing M489: Developing Marketing Strategies OTHER COURSES TO CONSIDER MGMT465A: New Venture Creation MGMT465B: New Venture Launch For more details on these courses, visit http://business.fullerton.edu/marketing. CONTACT INFORMATION

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Gibbs-Bogoliubov variational principle for Born-Oppenheimer systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A form of the Gibbs-Bogoliubov statistical-mechanical variational principle is enunciated that is well adapted to systems in which the electrons are treated quantum mechanically but the nuclei may be treated classically. An initial variational solution for fixed nuclear positions yields a statistical Born-Oppenheimer potential that serves as input for a variational evaluation of the nuclear configurational free energy.

M. D. Girardeau

1990-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach Wahid FAIDI LAMSIN, ENIT for a class of robust utility function introduced in Bordigoni, Matoussi et Schweizer (2005). Our method-investment strategy which is characterized as the unique solution of a forward-backward system. Key words : Utility

Di Girolami, Cristina

263

Atomic Spectroscopy and the Correspondence Principle Frank Rioux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.9979 10 8 m sec Bohr radius: ao 5.29177 10 11 m Conversion factors: pm 10 12 m aJ 10 18 joule Energy and energies. By fiat Bohr called these stationary states, because the orbiting (accelerating) electron did not radiate energy as required by classical electromagnetic principles. Initial speculation, however

Rioux, Frank

264

Non-Autonomous Systems: Asymptotic Behaviour and Weak Invariance Principles *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-Autonomous Systems: Asymptotic Behaviour and Weak Invariance Principles * H Logemann & E P Ryan@maths.bath.ac.uk Results pertaining to asymptotic behaviour of solutions of non-autonomous ordinary di#11;erential asymptotically autonomous systems and adaptively controlled systems are highlighted. Key Words: adaptive control

Bath, University of

265

Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation NIPS 2004 Tutorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation NIPS 2004 Tutorial Monday, December 13 in a discussion of optimization? the classic example: photon counting in vision more examples, especially optimal there are notions of optimization ... #12;rhodopsin = organic pigment retinal covalently bound to (and enveloped by

266

COMMUNICATION First Principles Prediction of Protein Folding Rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMMUNICATION First Principles Prediction of Protein Folding Rates Derek A. Debe and William A studies have demonstrated that many small, single-domain proteins fold via simple two-state kinetics. We. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: protein folding; kinetics; diffusion; fold topology; nucleation

Goddard III, William A.

267

Mechanical Integrators Derived from a Discrete Variational Principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Integrators Derived from a Discrete Variational Principle Jerey M. Wendlandt1;2 Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Jerrold E. Marsden3 for mechanical system simulation are created by using discrete algorithms to approximate the continuous equations

Marsden, Jerrold

268

Understanding nano-materials from first principles Leeor Kronik  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding nano-materials from first principles Leeor Kronik Department of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann Institute of science, Rehovoth 76100 Nano-sized materials often exhibit exciting new traditional solid-state physics models are applicable to the intermediate nano- size range. As a result, first

Adler, Joan

269

Ethics - Fourteen Principles of Ethical Conduct for Federal Employees |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fourteen Fourteen Principles of Ethical Conduct for Federal Employees Ethics - Fourteen Principles of Ethical Conduct for Federal Employees This guide provides a brief overview of the ethics rules and standards of ethical conduct that all employees should know and follow. Discuss any question not answered here with your supervisor or ethics counsel. Your ethics counsel is: For Field Office employees, your respective field counsel. For Headquarters employees, the Office of the Assistant General Counsel for General Law: 202-586-1522 or Standardsofconduct@hq.doe.gov. Public service is a public trust. Federal employees must always place loyalty to high ethical standards above private gain. Understanding and observing ethics rules are essential to fulfilling that trust. Print and

270

Galilei covariance and Einstein's equivalence principle in quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The covariance of the Schr\\"odinger equation under Galilei boosts and the compatibility of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics with Einstein's equivalence principle have been constrained for so long to the existence of a superselection rule which would prevent a quantum particle to be found in superposition states of different masses. In a effort to avoid this expedient, thus allowing for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics to account for unstable particles, recent works have suggested that usual Galilean transformations are inconsistent with the nonrelativistic limit of the Lorentz transformation. Here we approach the issue in a fundamentally different way. Using a formalism of unitary transformations and employing quantum reference frames rather than immaterial coordinate systems, we show that the Schr\\"odinger equation, although form-variant, is fully compatible with the aforementioned principles of relativity.

S. T. Pereira; R. M. Angelo

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

271

First-principles Approaches to Simulate Lithiation in Silicon Electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Silicon is viewed as an excellent electrode material for lithium batteries due to its high lithium storage capacity. Various Si nano-structures, such as Si nanowires, have performed well as lithium battery anodes and have opened up exciting opportunities for the use of Si in energy storage devices. The mechanism of lithium insertion and the interaction between Li and the Si electrode must be understood at the atomic level; this understanding can be achieved by first-principles simulation. Here, first-principles computations of lithiation in silicon electrodes are reviewed. The review focuses on three aspects: the various properties of bulk Li-Si compounds with different Li concentrations, the electronic structure of Si nanowires and Li insertion behavior in Si nanowires, and the dynamic lithiation process at the Li/Si interface. Potential study directions in this research field and difficulties that the field still faces are discussed at the end.

Zhang, Qianfan; Wang, Enge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs boson mass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as M H = 125.04 ± 0.25 GeV , a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel within a Higgs portal model.

Alexandre Alves; Alex G. Dias; Roberto da Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Development of canonical transformations from Hamilton’s principle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the variations ?q j and ?Q i cannot both be simultaneously zero at the limits of integration in application of Hamilton’s principle to the development of the theory of canonical transformations. This means that ?F 1 does not vanish. However the derivation requires only that the ?q j be zero at the end points. This lack of symmetry between the q j and Q i in the formulaion is noted with respect to the Lagrangian and the fundamental commutator relations of quantum mechanics. Further what is meant by an independent variation of p j and q j (or Q i and P i ) in the formalism is discussed in the use of Hamilton’s principle in the derivation of Hamilton’s equations of motion.

C. Richard Quade

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A uniform contraction principle for bounded Apollonian embeddings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Let H denote the standard one-point completion of a real Hilbert space. Given any non-trivial proper sub-set U of H one may define the so-called `Apollonian' metric d_U on U. When U \\subset V \\subset H are nested proper subsets we show that their associated Apollonian metrics satisfy the following uniform contraction principle: Let D=diam_V (U) \\in [0,+\\infty] be the diameter of the smaller subsets with respect to the large. Then for every x,y in U we have d_V(x,y) \\leq tanh (D/4) d_U(x,y). In dimension one, this contraction principle was established by Birkhoff for the Hilbert metric of finite segments on RP^1. In dimension two it was shown by Dubois for subsets of the Riemann sphere. It is new in the generality stated here.

Dubois, Loïc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

No-signaling, dynamical independence, and the local observability principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within a general operational framework I show that a-causality at a distance of "local actions" (the so-called "no-signaling") is a direct consequence of commutativity of local transformations, i.e. of dynamical independence. On the other hand, the tensor product of Quantum Mechanics is not just a consequence of such dynamical independence, but needs in addition the Local Observability Principle.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano

2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

276

Waste heat boiler optimization by entropy minimization principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A second law analysis has been undertaken for a waste heat boiler having an economizer, evaporator and superheater. Following the principle of minimization of entropy generation, a general equation for entropy generation number is derived, which incorporates all the operating variables. By differentiating the entropy generation number equation with respect to the operating parameters, various optimization parameters can be obtained. Few illustrations have been made to see the effect of various parameters on entropy generation number.

Reddy, B.V.; Murali, J.; Satheesh, V.S. [Vellore Engineering Coll. (India). Mechanical Engineering Dept.; Nag, P.K. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kharagpur (India). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Model-free measure of coupling from embedding principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model-free measure of coupling between dynamical variables is built from time series embedding principle. The approach described does not require a mathematical form for the dynamics to be assumed. The approach also does not require density estimation which is an intractable problem in high dimensions. The measure has strict asymptotic bounds and is robust to noise. The proposed approach is used to demonstrate coupling between complex time series from the finance world.

Chetan Nichkawde

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

Enabling Environment and Policy Principles for Replicable Technology  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enabling Environment and Policy Principles for Replicable Technology Enabling Environment and Policy Principles for Replicable Technology Transfer: Lessons from Wind Energy in India Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enabling Environment and Policy Principles for Replicable Technology Transfer: Lessons from Wind Energy in India Agency/Company /Organization: UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Wind Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: tech-action.org/Perspectives/LessonsWindEnergyIndia.pdf Country: India Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Asia Coordinates: 20.593684°, 78.96288° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":20.593684,"lon":78.96288,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

279

Strategic principles workshops: Discussion drafts and workshop notes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste-Management in the Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for disposing of this nation`s spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste in a manner that protects the health and safety of the public and the quality of the environment. Although embodied in the Federal repository program that began with studies in the late 1950s, this mission was explicitly established by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 and reaffirmed by the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987. To fulfill our mission, we are developing a waste management system consisting of a geologic repository for permanent disposal deep beneath the surface of the earth, a facility for monitored retrievable storage, and a system for transporting the waste. This discussion draft was developed to help involve parties affected by or interested in the waste-management program in the formulation of the basic principles on which the program will be based. It reviews existing objectives, policies, and strategic principles under which the system is currently being developed. Then discussed are issues of strategic importance for which additional strategic principles may be needed. For these issues in particular, views from affected and interested parties is solicited, but comments regarding alternative approaches to the issues presented as well as suggestions for additional issues will also be welcome. Finally, background information on the waste-management program pertinent to the issues discussion is presented.

NONE

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The duality principle in the presence of postselection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The duality principle, a cornerstone of quantum mechanics, limits the coexistence of wave and particle behaviours of quantum systems. This limitation takes a quantitative form when applied to the visibility $\\mathcal V$ and predictability $\\mathcal P$ within a two-alternative system, which are bound by the inequality $\\mathcal V^2+ \\mathcal P^2 \\leq 1$. However, if such a system is coupled to its environment, it becomes possible to obtain conditional measures of visibility and predictability, i.e.~measures that are conditional on the state of the environment. We show that in this case, the predictability and visibility values can lead to an apparent violation of the duality principle. We experimentally realize this apparent violation in a controlled manner by enforcing a fair-sampling-like loophole via postselection. Given the ability to simultaneously obtain high predictability information and high visibility interference fringes for a wide range of coupling strengths and postselected states, this work highlights the role of fair-sampling in tests of the duality principle.

Jonathan Leach; Eliot Bolduc; Filippo. M. Miatto; Kevin Piche; Gerd Leuchs; Robert W. Boyd

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alternative to the principle of constant speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To consider a medium carrying light and electromagnetic waves is impossible, when this medium shall have properties according to the principle of constant speed of light, that is, isotropy of speed of light in every system of reference. Therefore, with principle of constant speed of light abandoned, the so-called medium synchronization of clocks is defined, yielding isotropy solely in the system at rest and anisotropy in all moving systems. From medium synchronization the appropriate coordinate transformation is developed, the so-called medium transformation, a Galilean type of transformation, thus maintaining simultaneity between all participant systems of reference and changing the form of Maxwells equations to the extended Maxwell equations. Despite the fact that medium transformation violates Lorentz invariance and the principle of relativity, it is demonstrated that the results from medium transformation and extended Maxwell equations are fully compliant with observable phenomena. Moreover, it is shown that the concept of a medium, a preferred frame of reference, is compatible not only with medium transformation, but also with Lorentz transformation and with theory of special relativity, so it is quite possible now to consider a realistic medium. Finally, a discrepancy is exposed within theory of special relativity, giving rise to assume a preferred frame of reference even in special relativity.

Herbert Weiss

2006-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

282

Cost Principles Policy Responsible Office: Cost Analysis Effective Date: November 1, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Principles Policy Responsible Office: Cost Analysis Effective Date: November 1, 2013 Last-21, Cost Principles for Educational Institutions and the Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)) identify cost accounting policies that must be followed to receive federal awards. These regulations

Jawitz, James W.

283

Cost Principles Directives & Procedures Responsible Office: Cost Analysis Effective Date: November 1, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cost Principles Directives & Procedures Responsible Office: Cost Analysis Effective Date....................................................................................................................... 2 2. Guiding Principles to Determine the Charge of a Cost to a Sponosred Agreement ................................................................................................. 5 5.1. Personnel Costs

Jawitz, James W.

284

EA-1992: Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for the WindFloat...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2: Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for the WindFloat Pacific Offshore Wind Demonstration Project, offshore of Coos Bay, Oregon EA-1992: Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for...

285

02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 1 First Principles Modeling of Electrolye Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 1 First Principles Modeling of Electrolye Materials in All Abdessadek Lachgar. #12;02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 2 Outline What is meant by "first principles/electrode interfaces Remaining challenges #12;02/25/2014 27th CSP Workshop 3 What is meant by "first principles

Holzwarth, Natalie

286

Comm. Nonlin. Sci Numer. Simul. 13, (2008), 1256-1263. Discrepancy principle for DSM II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comm. Nonlin. Sci Numer. Simul. 13, (2008), 1256-1263. 1 #12;Discrepancy principle for DSM II A versions of discrepancy principles for the DSM (dynamical systems method) for finding the stopping time of the discrepancy principle for DSM was proved. This version con- sisted in solving the equation for t: ||T-1 a

287

The Hamilton principle for fluid binary mixtures with two temperatures Henri Gouin1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hamilton principle for fluid binary mixtures with two temperatures Henri Gouin1 and Tommaso, the Hamilton principle of least action is able to produce the equation of motion for each component that the Hamilton principle can afford to obtain the equations of motions for multi- temperature mixtures of fluids

Boyer, Edmond

288

First-principles calculations of twin-boundary and stacking-fault energies in magnesium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First-principles calculations of twin-boundary and stacking-fault energies in magnesium Y. Wang and stacking faults in metal magnesium have been calculated using first-principles supercell approach. Four. Keywords: Magnesium; Interfaces; Twinning; First-principles calculation Magnesium alloys are increasingly

Chen, Long-Qing

289

Bloat control and generalization pressure using the minimum description length principle for a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bloat control and generalization pressure using the minimum description length principle propose a method to achieve these objectives based on the Minimum Description Length (MDL) principle. This principle is a metric which combines in a smart way the accuracy and the complexity of a theory (rule set

Bacardit, Jaume

290

Inheritance principle and Non-renormalization theorems at finite temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a general proof of an ``inheritance principle'' satisfied by a weakly coupled SU(N) gauge theory with adjoint matter on a class of compact manifolds (like $S^3$). In the large $N$ limit, finite temperature correlation functions of gauge invariant single-trace operators in the low temperature phase are related to those at zero temperature by summing over images of each operator in the Euclidean time direction. As a consequence, various non-renormalization theorems of $\\NN=4$ Super-Yang-Mills theory on $S^3$ survive at finite temperature despite the fact that the conformal and supersymmetries are both broken.

Mauro Brigante; Guido Festuccia; Hong Liu

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Equivalence principle and experimental tests of gravitational spin effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the possibility of experimentally testing the manifestations of the equivalence principle in spin-gravity interactions. We reconsider the earlier experimental data and get the first experimental bound on the anomalous gravitomagnetic moment. The spin coupling to the Earth's rotation may also be explored at the extensions of neutron electric-dipole-moment and g-2 experiments. The spin coupling to terrestrial gravity produces a considerable effect which may be discovered at the planned deuteron electric-dipole-moment experiment. The Earth's rotation should also be taken into account in optical experiments in search of axionlike particles.

Silenko, Alexander J.; Teryaev, Oleg V. [Institute of Nuclear Problems, Belarusian State University, Minsk 220080 (Belarus); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Variational principles with Padé approximants for tearing mode analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tearing modes occur in several distinct physical regimes, and it is often important to compute the inner layer response for these modes with various effects. There is a need for an approximate and efficient method of solving the inner layer equations in all these regimes. In this paper, we introduce a method of solving the inner layer equations based on using a variational principle with Padé approximants. For all the regimes considered, the main layer equations to be solved are inhomogeneous, and Padé approximants give a convenient and efficient method of satisfying the correct asymptotic behavior at the edge of the layer. Results using this variational principle—Padé approximant method in three of these regimes is presented. These regimes are the constant-? resistive-inertial (RI) regime, the constant-? viscoresistive regime, and the non-constant-? inviscid tearing regime. The last regime includes the constant-? RI regime and the inertial regime. The results show that reasonable accuracy can be obtained very efficiently with Padé approximants having a small number of parameters.

Cole, Andrew J. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Finn, John M. [Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)] [Applied Mathematics and Plasma Physics, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

An Energy Principle for Ideal MHD Equilibria with Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the standard ideal MHD energy principle for equilibria with no flows, the stability criterion, which is the defi niteness of the perturbed potential energy, is usually constructed from the linearized equation of motion. Equivalently while more straightforwardly, it can also be obtained from the second variation of the Hamiltonian calculated with proper constraints. For equilibria with flows, a stability criterion was proposed from the linearized equation of motion, but not explained as an energy principle1. In this paper, the second variation of the Hamiltonian is found to provide a stability criterion equivalent to, while more straightforward than, what was constructed from the linearized equation of motion. To calculate the variations of the Hamiltonian, a complete set of constraints on the dynamics of the perturbations is derived from the Euler-Poincare structure of the ideal MHD. In addition, a previous calculation of the second variation of the Hamiltonian was claimed to give a different stability criterion2, and in this paper we argue such a claim is incorrect.

Yao Zhou and Hong Qin

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Principle of Minimal Resistance in Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical models describing the motion of colloidal particles in given velocity fields are presented. In addition to local approaches, leading to well known master equations such as the Langevin and the Fokker-Planck equations, a global description based on path integration is reviewed. This shows that under very broad conditions, during its evolution a dissipative system tends to minimize its energy dissipation in such a way to keep constant the Hamiltonian time rate, equal to the difference between the flux-based and the force-based Rayleigh dissipation functions. At steady state, the Hamiltonian time rate is maximized, leading to a minimum resistance principle. In the unsteady case, we consider the relaxation to equilibrium of harmonic oscillators and the motion of a Brownian particle in shear flow, obtaining results that coincide with the solution of the Fokker-Planck and the Langevin equations.

Mauri, Roberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Variational Principles for Constrained Electromagnetic Field and Papapetrou Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In our previous article [4] an approach to derive Papapetrou equations for constrained electromagnetic field was demonstrated by use of field variational principles. The aim of current work is to present more universal technique of deduction of the equations which could be applied to another types of non-scalar fields. It is based on Noether theorem formulated in terms of Cartan' formalism of orthonormal frames. Under infinitesimal coordinate transformation the one leads to equation which includes volume force of spin-gravitational interaction. Papapetrou equation for vector of propagation of the wave is derived on base of the equation. Such manner of deduction allows to formulate more accurately the constraints and clarify equations for the potential and for spin.

A. T. Muminov

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

296

The Virtual-casing Principle For 3D Toroidal Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The capability to calculate the magnetic field due to the plasma currents in a toroidally confined magnetic fusion equilibrium is of manifest relevance to equilibrium reconstruction and stellarator divertor design. Two methodologies arise for calculating such quantities. The first being a volume integral over the plasma current density for a given equilibrium. Such an integral is computationally expensive. The second is a surface integral over a surface current on the equilibrium boundary. This method is computationally desirable as the calculation does not grow as the radial resolution of the volume integral. This surface integral method has come to be known as the "virtual-casing principle". In this paper, a full derivation of this method is presented along with a discussion regarding its optimal application.

Lazerson, Samuel A.

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

First-principles simulation of molecular dissociation-recombination equilibrium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the first time, the equilibrium composition of chemical dissociation-recombination reaction is simulated from first-principles, only. Furthermore, beyond the conventional ab initio Born-Oppenheimer quantum chemistry the effects from the thermal and quantum equilibrium dynamics of nuclei are consistently included, as well as, the nonadiabatic coupling between the electrons and the nuclei. This has been accomplished by the path integral Monte Carlo simulations for full NVT quantum statistics of the H{sub 3}{sup +} ion. The molecular total energy, partition function, free energy, entropy, and heat capacity are evaluated in a large temperature range: from below room temperature to temperatures relevant for planetary atmospheric physics. Temperature and density dependent reaction balance of the molecular ion and its fragments above 4000 K is presented, and also the density dependence of thermal ionization above 10 000 K is demonstrated.

Kylaenpaeae, Ilkka; Rantala, Tapio T. [Department of Physics, Tampere University of Technology, P.O. Box 692, FI-33101 Tampere (Finland)

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

298

Hydrogen storage in LiH: A first principle study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

First principles calculations have been performed on the Lithium hydride (LiH) using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the framework of density functional theory. We have extended our calculations for LiH+2H and LiH+6H in NaCl structure. The structural stability of three compounds have been studied. It is found that LiH with 6 added Hydrogen atoms is most stable. The obtained results for LiH are in good agreement with reported experimental data. Electronic structures of three compounds are also studied. Out of three the energy band gap in LiH is ?3.0 eV and LiH+2H and LiH+6H are metallic.

Banger, Suman, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Nayak, Vikas, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Verma, U. P., E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

299

First-principles simulations of exciton diffusion in organic semiconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exciton diffusion is crucial for the performance of organic semiconductors in photovoltaic and solid state lighting applications. We propose a first-principles approach that can predict exciton dynamics in organic semiconductors. The method is based on time-dependent density functional theory to describe the energy and many-body wave functions of excitons. Nonadiabatic ab initio molecular dynamics is used to calculate phonon-assisted transition rates between localized exciton states. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we determine the exciton diffusion length, lifetime, diffusivity, and harvesting efficiency in poly(3-hexylthiophene) polymers at different temperatures, which agree very well with the experiments. We find that exciton diffusion is primarily determined by the density of states of low-energy excitons. A widely speculated diffusion mechanism, namely an initial downhill migration followed by thermally activated migration, is confirmed and elucidated by the simulations. Some general guidelines for designing more efficient organic solar cells are obtained from the simulations.

Xu Zhang; Zi Li; Gang Lu

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

300

Accelerating RCRA corrective action: The principles of the DOE approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is involved in the remediation of environmental contamination at many of its facilities under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). RCRA`s corrective action provisions were established by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA). In response to the HSWA mandate, EPA established a program for the conduct of RCRA corrective action that was similar to that established under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). In addition, EPA developed and implemented its ``stabilization`` initiative as a means of quickly addressing immediate risks posed by releases until long term solutions can be applied. To improve the efficiency of environmental restoration at its facilities, DOE is developing guidance and training programs on accelerated environmental restoration under RCRA. A RCRA guidance document, entitled ``Accelerating RCRA Corrective Action at DOE Facilities,`` is currently being developed by DOE`s Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance. The new guidance document will outline a decision-making process for determining if acceleration is appropriate for individual facilities, for identifying, evaluating, and selecting options for program acceleration, and for implementing selected acceleration options. The document will also discuss management and planning strategies that provide a firm foundation for accelerating RCRA corrective action. These strategies include a number of very basic principles that have proven effective at DOE and other federal facilities, as well as some new approaches. The purpose of this paper is to introduce DOE`s new guidance document, discuss the general approach presented in the guidance for accelerating RCRA corrective action, and to emphasize some of the more important principles of effective management and planning.

Kimmell, T.A.; Green, D.R.; Ranek, N.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Coalgate, J.L. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Another algebraic variational principle for the spectral curve of matrix models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an alternative variational principle whose critical point is the algebraic plane curve associated to a matrix model (the spectral curve, i.e. the large $N$ limit of the resolvent). More generally, we consider a variational principle that is equivalent to the problem of finding a plane curve with given asymptotics and given cycle integrals. This variational principle is not given by extremization of the energy, but by the extremization of an "entropy".

B. Eynard

2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - abinit first-principles approach Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

using advanced first-principles techniques, with a special focus Source: Vanderbilt, David - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University Collection: Physics ;...

303

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: First Principles Calculations and NMR Spectroscopy of Electrode Materials  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about first principles calculations...

304

The Superposition Principle in Quantum Mechanics - did the rock enter the foundation surreptitiously?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The superposition principle forms the very backbone of quantum theory. The resulting linear structure of quantum theory is structurally so rigid that tampering with it may have serious, seemingly unphysical, consequences. This principle has been succesful at even the highest available accelerator energies. Is this aspect of quantum theory forever then? The present work is an attempt to understand the attitude of the founding fathers, particularly of Bohr and Dirac, towards this principle. The Heisenberg matrix mechanics on the one hand, and the Schrodinger wave mechanics on the other, are critically examined to shed light as to how this principle entered the very foundations of quantum theory.

N. D. Hari Dass

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

305

The Superposition Principle in Quantum Mechanics - did the rock enter the foundation surreptitiously?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The superposition principle forms the very backbone of quantum theory. The resulting linear structure of quantum theory is structurally so rigid that tampering with it may have serious, seemingly unphysical, consequences. This principle has been succesful at even the highest available accelerator energies. Is this aspect of quantum theory forever then? The present work is an attempt to understand the attitude of the founding fathers, particularly of Bohr and Dirac, towards this principle. The Heisenberg matrix mechanics on the one hand, and the Schrodinger wave mechanics on the other, are critically examined to shed light as to how this principle entered the very foundations of quantum theory.

Dass, N D Hari

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program provides guidance to help agencies comply with the Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings.

307

First-principles calculations of the thermodynamic properties of transuranium elements in a molten salt medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We utilized first-principles density-functional-theory (DFT) calculations to evaluate the thermodynamic feasibility of a pyroprocessing methodology for reducing the volume of high-...

Seunghyo Noh; Dohyun Kwak; Juseung Lee…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Lighting fundamentals handbook: Lighting fundamentals and principles for utility personnel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lighting accounts for approximately 30% of overall electricity use and demand in commercial buildings. This handbook for utility personnel provides a source of basic information on lighting principles, lighting equipment, and other considerations related to lighting design. The handbook is divided into three parts. Part One, Physics of Light, has chapters on light, vision, optics, and photometry. Part Two, Lighting Equipment and Technology, focuses on lamps, luminaires, and lighting controls. Part Three, Lighting Design Decisions, deals with the manner in which lighting design decisions are made and reviews relevant methods and issues. These include the quantity and quality of light needed for visual tasks, calculation methods for verifying that lighting needs are satisfied, lighting economics and methods for evaluating investments in efficient lighting systems, and miscellaneous design issues including energy codes, power quality, photobiology, and disposal of lighting equipment. The handbook contains a discussion of the role of the utility in promoting the use of energy-efficient lighting. The handbook also includes a lighting glossary and a list of references for additional information. This convenient and comprehensive handbook is designed to enable utility lighting personnel to assist their customers in developing high-quality, energy-efficient lighting systems. The handbook is not intended to be an up-to-date reference on lighting products and equipment.

Eley, C.; Tolen, T. (Eley (Charles) Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Benya, J.R. (Luminae Souter Lighting Design, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Chapter 3 - Basics and Principles of Credit Insurance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the terminology, main features of credit insurance cover for supplier credits and applied insurance principles with emphasized underwriting and legal specifics of credit insurance are elaborated. Following necessary avoidance of adverse selection and moral hazard, this chapter contains detailed description of whole turnover credit insurance policy and its variants, pre- and postshipment risk coverage, eligible commercial transactions and underlying commercial contracts, various short-term commercial and/or noncommercial (political) risks insured (insolvency and protracted default and other insured events with applicable exclusions), pricing and other insurance conditions including conditions precedent to payment of claims, and explained conditionality of this instrument. Because applicable credit insurance conditions must be thoroughly analyzed and followed with due care and diligence to avoid failures, outrageous surprise, and rejection of claim payments, special emphasis is devoted to the obligations and duties of the insured parties and their compliance with insurance policies terms and conditions. Keywords Whole turnover policy, pre- and postshipment risk, insurance premium, self-retention, conditionality

Miran Jus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Holographic principle and large scale structure in the universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A reasonable representation of large scale structure, in a closed universe so large it's nearly flat, can be developed by extending the holographic principle and assuming the bits of information describing the distribution of matter density in the universe remain in thermal equilibrium with the cosmic microwave background radiation. The analysis identifies three levels of self-similar large scale structure, corresponding to superclusters, galaxies, and star clusters, between today's observable universe and stellar systems. The self-similarity arises because, according to the virial theorem, the average gravitational potential energy per unit volume in each structural level is the same and depends only on the gravitational constant. The analysis indicates stellar systems first formed at z\\approx62, consistent with the findings of Naoz et al, and self-similar large scale structures began to appear at redshift z\\approx4. It outlines general features of development of self-similar large scale structures at redshift z<4. The analysis is consistent with observations for angular momentum of large scale structures as a function of mass, and average speed of substructures within large scale structures. The analysis also indicates relaxation times for star clusters are generally less than the age of the universe and relaxation times for more massive structures are greater than the age of the universe.

T. R. Mongan

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

311

First principles molecular dynamics without self-consistent field optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a first principles molecular dynamics approach that is based on time-reversible extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [A. M. N. Niklasson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123004 (2008)] in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The optimization-free dynamics keeps the computational cost to a minimum and typically provides molecular trajectories that closely follow the exact Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface. Only one single diagonalization and Hamiltonian (or Fockian) construction are required in each integration time step. The proposed dynamics is derived for a general free-energy potential surface valid at finite electronic temperatures within hybrid density functional theory. Even in the event of irregular functional behavior that may cause a dynamical instability, the optimization-free limit represents a natural starting guess for force calculations that may require a more elaborate iterative electronic ground state optimization. Our optimization-free dynamics thus represents a flexible theoretical framework for a broad and general class of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.

Souvatzis, Petros, E-mail: petros.souvatsiz@fysik.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials Theory, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden); Niklasson, Anders M. N., E-mail: amn@lanl.gov [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

312

First-principles study on lithium amide for hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental properties of lithium amide LiNH2, which is fully hydrogenated phase of lithium nitride Li3N, have been investigated by the first-principles calculations using the ultrasoft pseudopotential method, including the structural, electronic, dielectric, and vibrational properties. The calculated structural parameters agree well with the experimental data except for hydrogen positions. The analyses for the electronic structure and the Born effective charge tensors indicate an ionic feature between Li+ and [NH2]?. The internal bonding of [NH2]? anions is primarily covalent. The internal N-H bending and stretching vibrations of [NH2]? anions yield ?-phonon modes around 1500 and 3400cm?1, respectively. These can be fairly reproduced by the molecular approximation, suggesting a strong internal bonding of [NH2]? anions. The heat of formation for the fully hydriding reaction of Li3N is predicted as ?85kJ?mol H2 which agrees well with the experimental value. Some discussions are also presented for the properties of Li3N.

Kazutoshi Miwa; Nobuko Ohba; Shin-ichi Towata; Yuko Nakamori; Shin-ichi Orimo

2005-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

Safeguards First Principles Initiative at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) program at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) was selected as a test bed for the Safeguards First Principles Initiative (SFPI). The implementation of the SFPI is evaluated using the system effectiveness model and the program is managed under an approved MC&A Plan. The effectiveness model consists of an evaluation of the critical elements necessary to detect, deter, and/or prevent the theft or diversion of Special Nuclear Material (SNM). The modeled results indicate that the MC&A program established under this variance is still effective, without creating unacceptable risk. Extensive performance testing is conducted through the duration of the pilot to ensure the protection system is effective and no material is at an unacceptable risk. The pilot was conducted from January 1, 2007, through May 30, 2007. This paper will discuss the following activities in association with SFPI: 1. Development of Timeline 2. Crosswalk of DOE Order and SFPI 3. Peer Review 4. Deviation 5. MC&A Plan and Procedure changes 6. Changes implemented at NTS 7. Training 8. Performance Test

Geneva Johnson

2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

314

First principles Tafel kinetics of methanol oxidation on Pt(111)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electrocatalytic methanol oxidation is of fundamental importance in electrochemistry and also a key reaction in direct methanol fuel cell. To resolve the kinetics at the atomic level, this work investigates the potential-dependent reaction kinetics of methanol oxidation on Pt(111) using the first principles periodic continuum solvation model based on modified-Poisson–Boltzmann equation (CM-MPB), focusing on the initial dehydrogenation elementary steps. A theoretical model to predict Tafel kinetics (current vs potential) is established by considering that the rate-determining step of methanol oxidation (to CO) is the first CH bond breaking (CH3OH(aq) ? CH2OH* + H*) according to the computed free energy profile. The first CH bond breaking reaction needs to overcome a large entropy loss during methanol approaching to the surface and replacing the adsorbed water molecules. While no apparent charge transfer is involved in this elementary step, the charge transfer coefficient of the reaction is calculated to be 0.36, an unconventional value for charge transfer reactions, and the Tafel slope is deduced to be 166 mV. The results show that the metal/adsorbate interaction and the solvation environment play important roles on influencing the Tafel kinetics. The knowledge learned from the potential-dependent kinetics of methanol oxidation can be applied in general for understanding the electrocatalytic reactions of organic molecules at the solid–liquid interface.

Ya-Hui Fang; Zhi-Pan Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Distributed resonance self-shielding using the equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an extension of the equivalence principle to allow distributed resonance self-shielding in a multi-region fuel configuration. Rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability is applied in order to establish equivalence between the actual fuel configuration and a homogeneous mixture of hydrogen and resonant absorber, which is a commonly used model to calculate library tables of resonance integrals. The main steps in derivation are given along with the basic physics assumptions on which the presented approach relies. The method has been implemented in the lattice code WIMS-AECL and routinely used for calculation of CANDU-type reactor lattices. Its capabilities are illustrated by comparison of WIMS-AECL and MCNP results of {sup 238}U resonance capture in a CANDU lattice cell. In order to determine optimal rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability, the calculations were carried out by varying the number of rational terms from 1 to 6. The results show that 4 terms are sufficient. The further increase of the number of terms affects the computing time, while the impact on accuracy is negligible. To illustrate the convergence of the results, the fuel subdivision is gradually refined varying the number of fuel pin subdivisions from 1 to 32 equal-area annuli. The results show very good agreement with the reference MCNP calculation. (authors)

Altiparmakov, D. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Developing an approach for first-principles catalyst design: application to carbon-capture catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach to first-principles catalyst design is presented in which models are used to elucidate geometric-energetic-activity relationships. These design principles are then employed to search structural databases for matching candidate catalysts in the example CO2 hydration reaction.

Kulik, H.J.

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

317

WP5-GOVERNANCE: ANALYSIS OF THE APPLICATION OF THE GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WP5-GOVERNANCE: ANALYSIS OF THE APPLICATION OF THE GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT of sustainable development to territorial research-action. After a description of WP5 objectives and 2006, the discussion on the principles of territorial governance of sustainable development and the limits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

A practice-oriented course on the principles of computation, programming and system design and analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computation theory to principles and methods for high-level computer- based system development and analysis the principles of pro- gramming constructs and of high-level design and analysis of computer-based systems and analysis (validation and verification) of complex real-life computer-based systems. In this paper we can

Börger, Egon

319

Teaching and Assessment of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teaching and Assessment of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory Svetlana V of Mathematical Reasoning Principles Using a Concept Inventory SVETLANA V. DRACHOVA, Limestone College JASON O students need to learn analytical reasoning skills to develop high quality software and to understand why

Hallstrom, Jason

320

Global sensitivity analysis in the development of first principle-based eutrophication models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we formulate a dynamic first principle-based eutrophication model for a reservoir and perform global sensitivity analysis to determine most influential parameters. Both first-order and total sensitivity indices profiles have been calculated ... Keywords: Eutrophication, First principle-based water quality model, Global sensitivity analysis, Sensitivity indices

V. Estrada; M. S. Diaz

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Principle and implementations of a refracto-nephelo-turbidi-meter for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Principle and implementations of a refracto-nephelo-turbidi-meter for seawater measurements B of physical oceanography requires a compact high-resolution in-situ salino-turbidi-meter to measure these two the requirements and challenges of refracto-turbidi-meter design from their measurement principles and correlations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

A New Aerodynamic Traction Principle for Handling Products on an Air Cushion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A New Aerodynamic Traction Principle for Handling Products on an Air Cushion Guillaume J. Laurent. The product is carried on a thin air cushion and transported along the system by induced air flows principle for handling delicate and clean products, such as silicon wafers, glass sheets or flat foodstuff

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

323

Academic Policy Development This document specifies the principles of academic policy development at Heriot-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1/4 Academic Policy Development This document specifies the principles of academic policy development at Heriot- Watt University. It sets out the objectives of policy development and provides a step- by-step guide on how to develop a policy. Principles Policies are normally reviewed every 5 years

Painter, Kevin

324

Towards Fresh Re-Keying with Leakage-Resilient PRFs: Cipher Design Principles and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-resilient cryptography is its significant performance overheads, it naturally suggests an intermediate line of re- searchTowards Fresh Re-Keying with Leakage-Resilient PRFs: Cipher Design Principles and Analysis Sonia advantage of our analysis to extract new design principles for block ciphers to be used in leakage

325

Public Health Leadership Society Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Health Leadership Society © 2002 Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health #12;Public Health Leadership Society #12;Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health Version 2 of the Ethical Practice of Public Health 4 Supplemental Materials: Rationale for a Public Health Code of Ethics 5

Biederman, Irving

326

Ramsey's Principle Re-situated * Jrme Dokic (EHESS, Institut Jean Nicod)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

derive from him the claim that a belief's truth-conditions are determined by its success-conditions.2 RP conditions in the world that guarantee success whatever goal is pursued. According to Ramsey's Principle) ___________________________________________________________________________ Abstract. This paper is about Ramsey's Principle, according to which a belief's truth-conditions are those

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

Enthalpies of formation of magnesium compounds from first-principles calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enthalpies of formation of magnesium compounds from first-principles calculations Hui Zhang t An energetics database of binary magnesium compounds has been developed from first-principles calculations. Introduction Magnesium alloys are of great importance to the industrial world. With a density of 1.741 g/cm3

Chen, Long-Qing

328

Hydrogen adsorption on Graphene and Nitrogen Doped Graphene Monolayers: A First Principles Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen adsorption on Graphene and Nitrogen Doped Graphene Monolayers: A First Principles Study Abstract This study examines the properties of graphene and nitrogen doped graphene by way of first principles spin-polarized Density Functional Theory calculations. Why graphene is so unique comes from

Petta, Jason

329

High order maximum principle preserving semi-Lagrangian finite difference WENO schemes for the Vlasov equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose the parametrized maximum principle preserving (MPP) flux limiter, originally developed in [37], to the semi-Lagrangian finite difference weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for solving the Vlasov equation. The MPP flux ... Keywords: Finite difference WENO scheme, Maximum principle preserving, Parametrized flux limiter, Semi-Lagrangian method, Vlasov equation

Tao Xiong, Jing-Mei Qiu, Zhengfu Xu, Andrew Christlieb

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

PRINCIPLES OF ROBUST MEDIUM ACCESS AND AN APPLICATION TO LEADER ELECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRINCIPLES OF ROBUST MEDIUM ACCESS AND AN APPLICATION TO LEADER ELECTION BARUCH AWERBUCH1, ANDREA nodes within transmission (and interference) range of each other, and we model the external disruptions-jammed time periods under any adversarial strategy above. The derived principles are also useful to build

Schmid, Stefan

331

Learning Organizational Principles in Human Environments Martin J. Schuster, Dominik Jain, Moritz Tenorth and Michael Beetz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Organizational Principles in Human Environments Martin J. Schuster, Dominik Jain, Moritz demonstrate the use of learned models of organizational principles in a kitchen environment on a real robot. In this work, we consider the problem of identifying the organizational structure within an environment, i

332

Design principles and improvement of cost function based energy aware routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design principles and improvement of cost function based energy aware routing algorithms, design principles and evaluation methods for cost function based routing algorithms. Two energy aware small changes in nodal remaining energy to large changes in the function value. For DCFR, its cost

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

333

Attachment A: AIP Program Principles (Questions and Answers 1-12) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A: AIP Program Principles (Questions and Answers 1-12) A: AIP Program Principles (Questions and Answers 1-12) Attachment A: AIP Program Principles (Questions and Answers 1-12) AIP Program Principles This attachment contains twelve questions and answers that designate the mandatory AIP provisions that shall be included in new and renegotiated agreements and discusses the principles underlying these requirements. Headquarters approval is required if mandatory language is not included in a new or renegotiated AIP. Question #1: Can States use AIP funds to support State regulatory activities? Answer: No, States cannot use AIP funds to support their regulatory activities. The Office of Management and Budget and the Department's congressional oversight committees have consistently indicated that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states are required to use their current

334

Patterning quantum dot arrays using DNA replication principles.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The convergence of nanoscience and biotechnology has opened the door to the integration of a wide range of biological molecules and processes with synthetic materials and devices. A primary biomolecule of interest has been DNA based upon its role as information storage in living systems, as well as its ability to withstand a wide range of environmental conditions. DNA also offers unique chemistries and interacts with a range of biomolecules, making it an ideal component in biological sensor applications. The primary goal of this project was to develop methods that utilize in vitro DNA synthesis to provide spatial localization of nanocrystal quantum dots (nQDs). To accomplish this goal, three specific technical objectives were addressed: (1) attachment of nQDs to DNA nucleotides, (2) demonstrating the synthesis of nQD-DNA strands in bulk solution, and (3) optimizing the ratio of unlabeled to nQD-labeled nucleotides. DNA nucleotides were successfully attached to nQDs using the biotin-streptavidin linkage. Synthesis of 450-nm long, nQD-coated DNA strands was demonstrated using a DNA template and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method of DNA amplification. Modifications in the synthesis process and conditions were subsequently used to synthesize 2-{micro}m long linear nQD-DNA assemblies. In the case of the 2-{micro}m structures, both the ratio of streptavidin-coated nQDs to biotinylated dCTP, and streptavidin-coated nQD-dCTPs to unlabeled dCTPs affected the ability to synthesize the nQD-DNA assemblies. Overall, these proof-of-principles experiments demonstrated the successful synthesis of nQD-DNA using DNA templates and in vitro replication technologies. Continued development of this technology may enable rapid, spatial patterning of semiconductor nanoparticles with Angstrom-level resolution, as well as optically active probes for DNA and other biomolecular analyses.

Crown, Kevin K.; Bachand, George David

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Generalized Uncertainty Principle and Recent Cosmic Inflation Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent background imaging of cosmic extragalactic polarization (BICEP2) observations are believed as an evidence for the cosmic inflation. BICEP2 provided a first direct evidence for the inflation, determined its energy scale and debriefed witnesses for the quantum gravitational processes. The ratio of scalar-to-tensor fluctuations $r$ which is the canonical measurement of the gravitational waves, was estimated as $r=0.2_{-0.05}^{+0.07}$. Apparently, this value agrees well with the upper bound value corresponding to PLANCK $r\\leq 0.012$ and to WMAP9 experiment $r=0.2$. It is believed that the existence of a minimal length is one of the greatest predictions leading to modifications in the Heisenberg uncertainty principle or a GUP at the Planck scale. In the present work, we investigate the possibility of interpreting recent BICEP2 observations through quantum gravity or GUP. We estimate the slow-roll parameters, the tensorial and the scalar density fluctuations which are characterized by the scalar field $\\phi$. Taking into account the background (matter and radiation) energy density, $\\phi$ is assumed to interact with the gravity and with itself. We first review the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) Universe and then suggest modification in the Friedmann equation due to GUP. By using a single potential for a chaotic inflation model, various inflationary parameters are estimated and compared with the PLANCK and BICEP2 observations. While GUP is conjectured to break down the expansion of the early Universe (Hubble parameter and scale factor), two inflation potentials based on certain minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model result in $r$ and spectral index matching well with the observations. Corresponding to BICEP2 observations, our estimation for $r$ depends on the inflation potential and the scalar field. A power-law inflation potential does not.

Abdel Nasser Tawfik; Abdel Magied Diab

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

336

Multi-fluid cosmology: An illustration of fundamental principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our current understanding of the Universe depends on the interplay of several distinct "matter" components, which interact mainly through gravity, and electromagnetic radiation. The nature of the different components, and possible interactions, tends to be based on the notion of coupled perfect fluids (or scalar fields). This approach is somewhat naive, especially if one wants to be able to consider issues involving heat flow, dissipative mechanisms, or Bose-Einstein condensation of dark matter. We argue that a more natural starting point would be the multi-purpose variational relativistic multi-fluid system that has so far mainly been applied to neutron star astrophysics. As an illustration of the fundamental principles involved, we develop the formalism for determining the non-linear cosmological solutions to the Einstein equations for a general relativistic two-fluid model for a coupled system of matter (non-zero rest mass) and "radiation" (zero rest mass). The two fluids are allowed to interpenetrate and exhibit a relative flow with respect to each other, implying, in general, an anisotropic Universe. We use initial conditions such that the massless fluid flux dominates early on so that the situation is effectively that of a single fluid and one has the usual Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetime. We find that there is a Bianchi I transition epoch out of which the matter flux dominates. The situation is then effectively that of a single fluid and the spacetime evolves towards the FLRW form. Such a transition opens up the possibility of imprinting observable consequences at the specific scale corresponding to the transition time.

G. L. Comer; Patrick Peter; N. Andersson

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Wavefunction Collapse via a Nonlocal Relativistic Variational Principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the origin of quantum theory in the 1920's, some of its practitioners (and founders) have been troubled by some of its features, including indeterminacy, nonlocality and entanglement. The 'collapse' process described in the Copenhagen Interpretation is suspect for several reasons, and the act of 'measurement,' which is supposed to delimit its regime of validity, has never been unambiguously defined. In recent decades, nonlocality and entanglement have been studied energetically, both theoretically and experimentally, and the theory has been reinterpreted in imaginative ways, but many mysteries remain. We propose that it is necessary to replace the theory by one that is explicitly nonlinear and nonlocal, and does not distinguish between measurement and non-measurement regimes. We have constructed such a theory, for which the phase of the wavefunction plays the role of a hidden variable via the process of zitterbewegung. To capture this effect, the theory must be relativistic, even when describing nonrelativistic phenomena. It is formulated as a variational principle, in which Nature attempts to minimize the sum of two spacetime integrals. The first integral tends to drive the solution toward a solution of the standard quantum mechanical wave equation, and also enforces the Born rule of outcome probabilities. The second integral drives the collapse process. We demonstrate that the new theory correctly predicts the possible outcomes of the electron two-slit experiment, including the infamous 'delayed-choice' variant. We observe that it appears to resolve some long-standing mysteries, but introduces new ones, including possible retrocausality (a cause later than its effect). It is not clear whether the new theory is deterministic.

Harrison, Alan K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

338

Vibrational spectra of vitreous germania from first-principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a first-principles investigation of the structural and vibrational properties of vitreous germania (v-GeO2). Our work focuses on a periodic model structure of 168 atoms, but three smaller models are also studied for comparison. We first carry out a detailed structural analysis both in real and reciprocal spaces. Our study comprises the partial pair correlation functions, the angular distributions, the total neutron correlation function, the neutron and x-ray total structure factors, and the Faber-Ziman and Bhatia-Thornthon partial structure factors. We find overall good agreement with available experimental data. We then obtain the vibrational frequencies and eigenmodes. We analyze the vibrational density of states in terms of Ge and O motions, and further in terms of rocking, bending, and stretching contributions. The inelastic neutron spectrum is found to differ only marginally from the vibrational density of states. Using a methodology based on the application of finite electric fields, we derive dynamical Born charge tensors and Raman coupling tensors. For the infrared spectra, we calculate the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric function, including the high-frequency and static dielectric constants. The Raman spectra are shown to be sensitive to the medium-range structure and support an average Ge-O-Ge angle of 135°. We identify the shoulder X2 as a signature of breathing O vibrations in three-membered rings. Four-membered rings are found to contribute to the main Raman peak. We advance an interpretation for the shoulder X1 in terms of delocalized bond-bending modes. We derive bond polarizability parameters from the calculated Raman coupling tensors and demonstrate their level of reliability in reproducing the spectra. The calculated vibrational spectra all show good agreement with the respective experimental spectra.

Luigi Giacomazzi; P. Umari; Alfredo Pasquarello

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

339

15/Jun/2009 10:48 AMDesign Principles Behind Smalltalk Page 1 of 7http://web.archive.org/web/20060616024135/www.ipa.net/~dwighth/smalltalk/byte_aug81/design_principles_behind_smalltalk.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://web.archive.org/web/20060616024135/www.ipa.net/~dwighth/smalltalk/byte_aug81/design_principles_behind_smalltalk.html Design/www.ipa.net/~dwighth/smalltalk/byte_aug81/design_principles_behind_smalltalk.html thought

Ducasse, Stéphane

340

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Grand Canyon National Park  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on the Grand Canyon National Park (GCNP) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort; Ian Nienhueser

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Golden Gate National Recreation Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (ITSNA) to collect data on federal fleet operations as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity's Federal Fleet Vehicle Data Logging and Characterization study. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity study seeks to collect data to validate the utilization of advanced electric drive vehicle transportation. This report focuses on the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies' fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements. GGNRA identified 182 vehicles in its fleet, which are under the management of the U.S. General Services Administration. Fleet vehicle mission categories are defined in Section 4, and while the GGNRA vehicles conduct many different missions, only two (i.e., support and law enforcement missions) were selected by agency management to be part of this fleet evaluation. The selected vehicles included sedans, trucks, and sport-utility vehicles. This report will show that battery electric vehicles and/or PHEVs are capable of performing the required missions and providing an alternative vehicle for support vehicles and PHEVs provide the same for law enforcement, because each has a sufficient range for individual trips and time is available each day for charging to accommodate multiple trips per day. These charging events could occur at the vehicle home base, high-use work areas, or intermediately along routes that the vehicles frequently travel. Replacement of vehicles in the current fleet would result in significant reductions in the emission of greenhouse gases and petroleum use, while also reducing fuel costs. The San Francisco Bay Area is a leader in the adoption of PEVs in the United States. PEV charging stations, or more appropriately identified as electric vehicle supply equipment, located on the GGNRA facility would be a benefit for both GGNRA fleets and general public use. Fleet drivers and park visitors operating privately owned PEVs benefit by using the charging infrastructure. ITSNA recommends location analysis of the GGNRA site to identify the optimal placement of the electric vehicle supply equipment station. ITSNA recognizes the support of Idaho National Laboratory and ICF International for their efforts to initiate communication with the National Parks Service and GGNRA for participation in the study. ITSNA is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by the high interest and support from the National Park Service and GGNRA personnel.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Fort Vancouver National Historic Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (ITSNA) to collect data on federal fleet operations as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity’s Federal Fleet Vehicle Data Logging and Characterization study. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity study seeks to collect data to validate the use of advanced electric drive vehicle transportation. This report focuses on the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site (FVNHS) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) into the agencies’ fleet. Individual observations of the selected vehicles provided the basis for recommendations related to EV adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles) could fulfill the mission requirements. FVNHS identified three vehicles in its fleet for consideration. While the FVNHS vehicles conduct many different missions, only two (i.e., support and pool missions) were selected by agency management to be part of this fleet evaluation. The logged vehicles included a pickup truck and a minivan. This report will show that BEVs and PHEVs are capable of performing the required missions and providing an alternative vehicle for both mission categories, because each has sufficient range for individual trips and time available each day for charging to accommodate multiple trips per day. These charging events could occur at the vehicle’s home base, high-use work areas, or in intermediate areas along routes that the vehicles frequently travel. Replacement of vehicles in the current fleet would result in significant reductions in emission of greenhouse gases and petroleum use, while also reducing fuel costs. The Vancouver, Washington area and neighboring Portland, Oregon are leaders in adoption of PEVs in the United States1. PEV charging stations, or more appropriately identified as electric vehicle supply equipment, located on the FVNHS facility would be a benefit for both FVNHS fleets and general public use. Fleet drivers and park visitors operating privately owned plug-in electric vehicles benefit by using the charging infrastructure. ITSNA recommends location analysis of the FVNHS site to identify the optimal station placement for electric vehicle supply equipment. ITSNA recognizes the support of Idaho National Laboratory and ICF International for their efforts to initiate communication with the National Parks Service and FVNHS for participation in this study. ITSNA is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by the high interest and support from the National Park Service and FVNHS personnel

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore (SLBE) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Federal High Performance and Sustainable Buildings: Guiding Principles for the Laboratory Support Building (LSB)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the federal Guiding Principles conformance effort for LSB at PNNL. The effort is part of continued progress toward a campus building inventory that is 100% compliant with the Guiding Principles. The report documentation provides a narrative of how the LSB complies with each of the Guiding Principles requirements. These narratives draw from the many sources that are explained in the text and rely on extensive data collection. The descriptions point to each of these sources, providing the reader with specific policies, procedures, and data points.

Pope, Jason E.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Status of MICROSCOPE, a mission to test the Equivalence Principle in space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICROSCOPE is a French Space Agency mission that aims to test the Weak Equivalence Principle in space down to an accuracy of $10^{-15}$. This is two orders of magnitude better than the current constraints, which will allow us to test General Relativity as well as theories beyond General Relativity which predict a possible Weak Equivalence Principle violation below $10^{-13}$. In this communication, we describe the MICROSCOPE mission, its measurement principle and instrument, and we give an update on its status. After a successful instrument's commissioning, MICROSCOPE is on track for on-schedule launch, expected in 2016.

Bergé, Joel; Rodrigues, Manuel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Nanoflare Statistics from First Principles: Fractal Geometry and Temperature Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive universal scaling laws for the physical parameters of flarelike processes in a low-? plasma, quantified in terms of spatial length scales l, area A, volume V, electron density ne, electron temperature Te, total emission measure M, and thermal energy E. The relations are specified as functions of two independent input parameters, the power index a of the length distribution, N(l) ? l-a, and the fractal Haussdorff dimension D between length scales l and flare areas, A(l) ? lD. For values that are consistent with the data, i.e., a = 2.5 ± 0.2 and D = 1.5 ± 0.2, and assuming the RTV scaling law, we predict an energy distribution N(E) ? E-? with a power-law coefficient of ? = 1.54 ± 0.11. As an observational test, we perform statistics of nanoflares in a quiet-Sun region covering a comprehensive temperature range of Te ? 1-4 MK. We detected nanoflare events in extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) with the 171 and 195 Ć filters from the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE), as well as in soft X-rays with the AlMg filter from the Yohkoh soft X-ray telescope (SXT), in a cospatial field of view and cotemporal time interval. The obtained frequency distributions of thermal energies of nanoflares detected in each wave band separately were found to have power-law slopes of ? ? 1.86 ± 0.07 at 171 Ć (Te ? 0.7-1.1 MK), ? ? 1.81 ± 0.10 at 195 Ć (Te ? 1.0-1.5 MK), and ? ? 1.57 ± 0.15 in the AlMg filter (Te ? 1.8-4.0 MK), consistent with earlier studies in each wavelength. We synthesize the temperature-biased frequency distributions from each wavelength and find a corrected power-law slope of ? ? 1.54 ± 0.03, consistent with our theoretical prediction derived from first principles. This analysis, supported by numerical simulations, clearly demonstrates that previously determined distributions of nanoflares detected in EUV bands produced a too steep power-law distribution of energies with slopes of ? ? 2.0-2.3 mainly because of this temperature bias. The temperature-synthesized distributions of thermal nanoflare energies are also found to be more consistent with distributions of nonthermal flare energies determined in hard X-rays (? ? 1.4-1.6) and with theoretical avalanche models (? ? 1.4-1.5).

Markus J. Aschwanden; Clare E. Parnell

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Electron Exchange and Conduction in Nontronite from First-Principles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fe-bearing clay minerals serve as an important source and sink for electrons in redox reactions in various subsurface geochemical environments, and electron transfer (ET) properties of the Fe2+/Fe3+ redox couple play a decisive role in a variety of physicochemical processes involving clays. Here, we apply first-principles calculations using both periodic GGA+U planewave and Hartree-Fock molecular-cluster frameworks in conjuction with small polaron hopping approach and Marcus electron transfer theory to examine electron exchange mobilities in an Fe-rich smectite, taking nontronite as a case study. GGA+U calculations of the activation barrier for small-polaron migration provide rates of electron hopping that agree very well with values deduced from variable temperature Mössbauer data (M. V. Schaefer, et. al., Environ. Sci. Technol. 45, 540, (2011)), indicating a surprisingly fast electron mobility at room temperature. Based on molecular cluster calculations, we show that the state with tetrahedral Fe2+ ion in the nontronite lattice is about 0.9 eV higher than the one with octahedral Fe2+. Also, evaluation of the ET rates for the Fe2+/Fe3+ electron hopping in tetrahedral (TS) and octahedral sheets (OS), as well as across the sheets (TS–OS) shows that the dominant contribution to the bulk electronic conductivity should come from the ET within the OS. Deprotonation of structural OH groups mediating ET between the Fe ions in the OS is found to decrease the internal reorganization energy and to increase the magnitude of the electronic coupling matrix element, whereas protonation (to OH2 groups) has the opposite effect. Overall, our calculations suggest that the major factors affecting ET rates are the nature and structure of the nearest-neighbor local environment and the degree of covalency of the bonds between Fe and ligands mediating electron hops. The generally higher reorganization energy and weaker electronic coupling found in Fe-bearing clay minerals leads to electron mobilities much lower than in iron oxides.

Alexandrov, Vitali Y.; Neumann, Anke; Scherer, Michelle; Rosso, Kevin M.

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Use of Ecological Restoration Principles To Achieve Remedy Protection at the Fernald Preserve and Weldon Spring Sites  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Use of Ecological Restoration Principles To Achieve Remedy Protection at the Fernald Preserve and Weldon Spring Sites

349

Putting DFT to the Test: A First Principles Study of Electronic, Magnetic and Optical Properties of Co3O4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Putting DFT to the Test: A First Principles Study of Electronic, Magnetic and Optical Properties of Co3O4 ...

Vijay Singh; Monica Kosa; Koushik Majhi; Dan Thomas Major

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

350

Approved Module Information for PD2003, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Principles 2 Module Code: PD2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to apply further engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics, energy systems and thermo-fluids and understanding of the fundamental engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo- fluidsApproved Module Information for PD2003, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Principles 2 Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

351

Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the cleanup of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

reaches an agreement in principle on the reaches an agreement in principle on the cleanup of the Santa Susana Field Lab site in Simi Valley Department of Energy reaches an agreement in principle on the cleanup of the Santa Susana Field Lab site in Simi Valley September 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy announced today that it has reached an agreement in principle with California's Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) and NASA on the cleanup of the Santa Susana Field Lab (SSFL) site in Simi Valley. "The Department is pleased that we have achieved a conceptual agreement for cleanup of the DOE portion of the Santa Susana Field Lab site," said Dr. Ines Triay, DOE Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management. "By putting to one side unresolved legal issues and working together, we have

352

CSP 550: Internet Programming Andrew Tanenbaum and M. Steen, Distributed Systems: Principles and Paradigms, 2002.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSP 550: Internet Programming Texts Andrew Tanenbaum and M. Steen, Distributed Systems: Principles and SOAP 9 hours Total 45 hours Edited March 2006 (html, css checks) CSP 550: Internet Programming - CS

Heller, Barbara

353

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian C.

354

COMBINATORIAL PRINCIPLES IN NONSTANDARD ANALYSIS MAURO DI NASSO AND KAREL HRBACEK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMBINATORIAL PRINCIPLES IN NONSTANDARD ANALYSIS MAURO DI NASSO AND KAREL HRBACEK Abstract. We;2 MAURO DI NASSO AND KAREL HRBACEK that is strictly intermediate between 0 and 1. (Questions of model

Di Nasso, Mauro

355

Battery concepts for high density energy storage: Principles and practice. C. Austen Angell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery concepts for high density energy storage: Principles and practice. C. Austen Angell Dept such as the lithium-air battery, and the more advanced zinc-air battery in which only the source needs to be "bottled

Angell, C. Austen

356

Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Welcome to the Proceedings of the 24th ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP 2013), held at the Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, Farmington, Pennsylvania, USA. This year's program includes 30 papers, and touches on a wide range of computer systems ...

Michael Kaminsky; Mike Dahlin

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A Taxonomy for Organizing the Core Concepts According to Their Underlying Principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article organizes and classifies the 18 core concepts. There are nine overarching principles into which the concepts fit: life, liberty, equality, dignity, family as foundation, community, capacity, individualization, ...

Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Stowe, Matthew J.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

FEMP Offers Updated Training on the Guiding Principles for High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) presents an updated series of training courses focused on the Guiding Principles for Federal Leadership in High-Performance...

359

Thermal insulation constructal optimization for steel rolling reheating furnace wall based on entransy dissipation extremum principle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analogizing with the heat conduction process, the entransy dissipation extremum principle for thermal insulation process can be described as: for a ... heat loss) with certain constraints, the thermal insulation ...

HuiJun Feng; LinGen Chen; ZhiHui Xie; FengRui Sun

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Design principles of mammalian signaling networks : emergent properties at modular and global scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis utilizes modeling approaches rooted in statistical physics and physical chemistry to investigate several aspects of cellular signal transduction at both the modular and global levels. Design principles of ...

Locasale, Jason W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Halite (Nacl)-Sylvite (KCl) A Study of Solid Solutions Devised from First Principles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This first principles study investigates the results of the mixing of solid solutions common on terrestrial systems. In particular, the investigation of the binary NaCl-KCl… (more)

Easter, Terri Lynn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

From principles to practice: a spatial approach to systematic conservation planning in the deep sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and Ocean Sciences, University...systematic approach to spatial management and zoning...to inform science-based recommendations...to develop science-based recommendations...ecosystem-based management principles...select an approach that best...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Integrating the principles of strategic environmental assessment into local comprehensive land use plans in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental assessment. The objective of this study is to examine the ability of local plans to integrate and implement the key SEA principles. This study focuses on increasing the understanding of how and where to integrate environmental impacts...

Tang, Zhenghong

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Driving Advances in Computing Education through Application of Educational Psychology Principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Psychology Principles GVU Research Grant Proposal By Richard Catrambone (School of Psychology) and Mark Guzdial (School of Interactive Computing) Problems Addressed. The proposed seed grant is focused on creating examples of computer science instruction

Guzdial, Mark

365

Design Principles for a Grid-enabled Problem-solving Environment to Be Used by Engineers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Geodise PSE represents the product of a number of architectural decisions motivated by the design principles outlined in this document, and by the problem domain of EDSO. To develop a PSE that the engineer...

Graeme Pound; Simon Cox

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Implementing the Precautionary Principle: Incorporting Science, Technology, Fairness, and Accountability in Environmental, Health and Safety Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The precautionary principle is in sharp political focus today because (1) the nature of scientific uncertainty is changing and (2) there is increasing pressure to base governmental action on allegedly more "rational" ...

Ashford, Nicholas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Solar Neutrino Problem in the Light of a Violation of the Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have found that long-wavelength neutrino oscillations induced by a tiny breakdown of the weak equivalence principle of general relativity can provide a viable solution to the solar neutrino problem.

A. M. Gago; H. Nunokawa; R. Zukanovich Funchal

2000-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

368

EPA ENERGY STAR Webinar: The Federal Guiding Principles Checklist in ENERGY STAR Portfolio  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by the EPA, this webinar will focus on how to use the ENERGY STAR measurement and tracking tool, Portfolio Manager, to help ensure compliance with the Guiding Principles for High Performance Sustainable Buildings.

369

Electronic structure and optical properties of ZnSe from first-principles calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have performed the first-principles calculations in the framework of density functional theory to determine the electronic structure and optical properties of zinc-blende ZnSe.

Yu, Zhiqiang; Xu, Zhimou; Wu, Xinghui; Ma, Zhichao

370

Nuclear Cardiology Objectives Understand the principles of myocardial perfusion and blood flow, factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Cardiology Objectives Knowledge · Understand the principles of myocardial perfusion in nuclear imaging, including collimation, resolution, contrast, localization, noise, ECT, SPECT, PET, image. · Know the differences between the various radioisotopes used in nuclear cardiology, including

Ford, James

371

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian

372

Structures and Quantum Conduction of Copper Nanowires under Electric Fields Using First Principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structures and Quantum Conduction of Copper Nanowires under Electric Fields Using First Principles ... Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials (Jilin University), Ministry of Education, and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China ...

C. He; P. Zhang; Y. F. Zhu; Q. Jiang

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

373

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation analysis principles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 5 1 emerging Principles: The U of R Campus will 12;Actively lead... May 11, 2010 Open House Presentation 12;where we re at consolidated outcomes: vision ... Source: Argerami,...

374

Gallium arsenide thermal conductivity and optical phonon relaxation times from first-principles calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, thermal conductivity of crystalline GaAs is calculated using first-principles lattice dynamics. The harmonic and cubic force constants are obtained by fitting them to the force-displacement data from density ...

Luo, Tengfei

375

Lattice thermal conductivity of Bi, Sb, and Bi-Sb alloy from first principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using first principles, we calculate the lattice thermal conductivity of Bi, Sb, and Bi-Sb alloys, which are of great importance for thermoelectric and thermomagnetic cooling applications. Our calculation reveals that the ...

Lee, Sangyeop

376

Developing Biomimetic Design Principles for the Highly Optimized and Robust Design of Products and Their Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the difference in biological and engineering terminologies. This research developed a new design tool that addresses these problems and proposes to help engineering designers develop candidate bio-inspired products or solutions. A methodology that helps users... for candidate biomimetic products that are novel, innovative, and robust. The principle extraction methodology and the identified principles are validated using two separate case studies and a detailed analysis using the validation square framework...

Wadia, Anosh Porus

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

377

Constructive Mathematics as a Programming Logic I: Some Principles of Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of a programming system is guided by certain beliefs, principles and practical constraints. These considerations are not always manifest from the rules defining the system. In this paper the author discusses some of the principles which have guided the design of the programming logics built at Cornell in the last decade. Most of the necessarily brief discussion concerns type theory with stress on the concepts of function space and quotient types.

Robert L. Constable

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Unified Field Equations Coupling Four Forces and Principle of Interaction Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this article is to postulate a principle of interaction dynamics (PID) and to derive unified field equations coupling the four fundamental interactions based on first principles. PID is a least action principle subject to div$_A$-free constraints for the variational element with $A$ being gauge potentials. The Lagrangian action is uniquely determined by 1) the principle of general relativity, 2) the $U(1)$, $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ gauge invariances, 3) the Lorentz invariance, and 4) principle of principle of representation invariance (PRI), introduced in [11]. The unified field equations are then derived using PID. The unified field model spontaneously breaks the gauge symmetries, and gives rise to a new mechanism for energy and mass generation. The unified field model introduces a natural duality between the mediators and their dual mediators, and can be easily decoupled to study each individual interaction when other interactions are negligible. The unified field model, together with PRI and PID applied to individual interactions, provides clear explanations and solutions to a number of outstanding challenges in physics and cosmology, including e.g. the dark energy and dark matter phenomena, the quark confinement, asymptotic freedom, short-range nature of both strong and weak interactions, decay mechanism of sub-atomic particles, baryon asymmetry, and the solar neutrino problem.

Tian Ma; Shouhong Wang

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

379

Relevance of systems approaches for implementing Integrated Coastal Zone Management principles in Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) development is described here in the broader context of European coastal management initiatives. The European approach to coastal governance revolves around the principles of ICZM, as enshrined in EC Recommendation 2002/413/EC. This study investigates the extent to which the FP6 funded project SPICOSA (Science Policy Integration for Coastal Systems Assessment) was able to implement these principles. The SPICOSA project aimed to test whether it was possible to develop and implement a systems approach framework via delivery of a structured engagement process between scientists and policymakers. A survey of representatives from 14 European study sites involved in the project revealed that the approach had been effective at implementing some ICZM principles, particularly the “holistic approach”. However, not all principles were fully implemented at all sites and the most challenging to implement was that of “a long term approach”. The paper concludes with a critical consideration of the role of a systems approach framework in progressing the current state of intellectual assent towards practical implementation of ICZM principles. The findings provide evidence of contributions and limitations of systems approaches to sustainability science and good governance.

J. Reis; T. Stojanovic; H. Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches for Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches for Policy and Project Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in REDD+: Principles and Approaches for Policy and Project Development Agency/Company /Organization: German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Sector: Land, Climate Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.forclime.org/images/stories/RECOFTC-GIZ_FPIC_in_REDD_2011.pdf UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Calculating Properties of Materials from First Principles-A Tool for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Calculating Properties of Materials from First Principles-A Tool for Calculating Properties of Materials from First Principles-A Tool for Faster Advanced Materials Development Molecular structure of graphite Portrait of Kristin Persson August 2012 Once the domain of guesswork and intuition, the field of developing new materials for advanced batteries and other applications is taking a turn towards a more systematic and predictive approach. Predicting the properties of new materials from "first principles" has become a scientific reality, thanks to the growth in computing power, a deeper understanding of how materials work, and databases of materials properties. This will mean faster development of materials for high-energy batteries for electric vehicle applications, as well as better materials for many other applications, such as fuel cells and solar panels, high-strength

382

Hamilton's principle: why is the integrated difference of kinetic and potential energy minimized?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present an intuitive answer to an often asked question: why is the integrated difference K-U between the kinetic and potential energy the quantity to be minimized in Hamilton's principle? Using elementary arguments, I map the problem of finding the path of a moving particle connecting two points to that of finding the minimum potential energy of a static string. The mapping implies that the configuration of a non--stretchable string of variable tension corresponds to the spatial path dictated by the Principle of Least Action; that of a stretchable string in space-time is the one dictated by Hamilton's principle. This correspondence provides the answer to the question above: while a downward force curves the trajectory of a particle in the (x,t) plane downward, an upward force of the same magnitude stretches the string to the same configuration x(t).

Alberto G. Rojo

2005-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

383

The Hamilton-Pontryagin Principle and Multi-Dirac Structures for Classical Field Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a variational principle for field theories, referred to as the Hamilton-Pontryagin principle, and we show that the resulting field equations are the Euler-Lagrange equations in implicit form. Secondly, we introduce multi-Dirac structures as a graded analog of standard Dirac structures, and we show that the graph of a multisymplectic form determines a multi-Dirac structure. We then discuss the role of multi-Dirac structures in field theory by showing that the implicit Euler-Lagrange equations for fields obtained from the Hamilton-Pontryagin principle can be described intrinsically using multi-Dirac structures. Lastly, we show a number of illustrative examples, including time-dependent mechanics, nonlinear scalar fields, Maxwell's equations, and elastostatics.

Joris Vankerschaver; Hiroaki Yoshimura; Melvin Leok

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

384

Shock Hugoniots of molecular liquids and the principle of corresponding states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observe that the shock velocity-particle velocity Hugoniots for various liquids (e.g. nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon) lie almost on top of one another. Recalling the work of Ross and Ree [J. Chem. Phys. 73, 6146-6152 (1980)], we hypothesize that these materials obey a principle of corresponding states. We use the principle to deduce how the Hugoniots of two corresponding materials should be related, and we compare the results with data and find good agreement. We suggest this as a method for estimating the Hugoniot of a material of the appropriate type in the absence of shock data, and we illustrate with fluorine.

Chisolm, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crockett, Scott D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shaw, Milton S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A new principle for low-cost hydrogen sensors for fuel cell technology safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen sensors are of paramount importance for the safety of hydrogen fuel cell technology as result of the high pressure necessary in fuel tanks and its low explosion limit. I present a novel sensor principle based on thermal conduction that is very sensitive to hydrogen, highly specific and can operate on low temperatures. As opposed to other thermal sensors it can be operated with low cost and low power driving electronics. On top of this, as sensor element a modified standard of-the shelf MEMS thermopile IR-sensor can be used. The sensor principle presented is thus suited for the future mass markets of hydrogen fuel cell technology.S.

Liess, Martin [Rhein Main University of Applied Sciences, Rüsselsheim, Wiesbaden (Germany)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

386

On the Heisenberg principle, namely on the information-disturbance trade-off in a quantum measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Common misconceptions on the Heisenberg principle are reviewed, and the original spirit of the principle is reestablished in terms of the trade-off between information retrieved by a measurement and disturbance on the measured system. After analyzing the possibility of probabilistically reversible measurements, along with erasure of information and undoing of disturbance, general information-disturbance trade-offs are presented, where the disturbance of the measurement is related to the possibility in principle of undoing its effect.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Design Principles and Case Study Analysis for Low Impact Development Practices - Green Roofs, Rainwater Harvesting and Vegetated Swales.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis on Low Impact Development (LID) Practices provides design guidelines and principles for three important LID practices: green roofs, rainwater harvesting and bioswales. The… (more)

Ramesh, Shalini

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Dalhousie University Sustainable Procurement Checklist Dalhousie University (Halifax, NS) has a signed Sustainability Policy and Statement of Principles. Our  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dalhousie University Sustainable Procurement Checklist Dalhousie University (Halifax, NS) has a signed Sustainability Policy and Statement of Principles. Our Procurement Policy reflects the importance of sustainability considerations

Brownstone, Rob

389

Feminist perspectives on integration, progression and infusion as principles of curriculum design in life orientation / Mercy Olajumoke Kutu.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study explores teachers' beliefs, views and experiences of the design principles of integration, progression and infusion in the Life Orientation (LO) curriculum at the… (more)

Kutu, Mercy Olajumoke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

First-principles studies of carbon nanostructures and spin-phonon and electron-phonon coupling in solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some fundamental methods in first-principles electronica fundamental unit of many modern electronic devices. Overelectronic properties of materials, thereby opening greater possbilities for understanding fundamental

Chan, Kevin Timothy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Electron-hole excitations and optical spectra from first principles Michael Rohlfing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron-hole excitations and optical spectra from first principles Michael Rohlfing Institut fu April 2000 We present a recently developed approach to calculate electron-hole excitations of the electronic system by the corresponding one- and two-particle Green's function. The method combines three

Wu, Zhigang

392

Billiards Digest June, 2012 "VEPP Part III: Wagon Wheel Drills" ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control and English." "Wagon wheel" drills are very useful to help you practice and develop cue ball (CB angle slightly for each ball. There is actually a system you can use to help decide where to placeBilliards Digest June, 2012 "VEPP ­ Part III: Wagon Wheel Drills" ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES David

Alciatore, David G.

393

Billiards Digest October, 2012 "VEPP Part VII: 9-Ball Pattern Drills" ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Billiards Digest October, 2012 "VEPP ­ Part VII: 9-Ball Pattern Drills" ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES at some 9-ball pattern drills from Disc III: "VEPP III ­ Patterns and Safety Play." You can work on cut, stop, follow, draw, wagon wheel, and target drills all day long and become fairly proficient with them

Alciatore, David G.

394

Billiards Digest November, 2012 "VEPP Part VIII: 8-Ball Pattern Drills" ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Billiards Digest November, 2012 "VEPP ­ Part VIII: 8-Ball Pattern Drills" ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES-dave-billiards.com/vepp. Last month, we looked at some useful 9-ball pattern drills from Disc III: "VEPP III ­ Patterns and Safety Play." This month, we look at some 8-ball pattern drills, also from the 3 rd DVD. You can work

Alciatore, David G.

395

FPEOS: A First-Principles Equation of State Table of Deuterium for Inertial Confinement Fusion Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FPEOS: A First-Principles Equation of State Table of Deuterium for Inertial Confinement Fusion) Understanding and designing inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions through radiation- hydrodynamics. To minimize the drive energy for ignition, the imploding shell of DT- fuel needs to be kept as cold

Militzer, Burkhard

396

-carbide in Alloy Steels: First-principles Jae Hoon Jang a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-carbide in Alloy Steels: First-principles Assessment Jae Hoon Jang a In Gee Kim a H. K. D. H that the silicon can enhance the formation of ­carbide; the mechanism of this effect is not understood words: Steels, -carbide, cementite, silicon, tempering There are two long­established reasons for adding

Cambridge, University of

397

Principles of Service-Oriented 5.1 Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 5.2 Service-Oriented Architectures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 5.2.1 Elements of Service-Oriented Architectures . . . . . . . . . . . 79 5.2.2 RPC versusChapter 5 Principles of Service-Oriented Computing 5.1 Use Cases

398

Sufficient Stochastic Maximum Principle in a Regime-Switching Diffusion Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We prove a sufficient stochastic maximum principle for the optimal control of a regime-switching diffusion model. We show the connection to dynamic programming and we apply the result to a quadratic loss minimization problem, which can be used to solve a mean-variance portfolio selection problem.

Donnelly, Catherine, E-mail: C.Donnelly@hw.ac.uk [Heriot-Watt University, Department of Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics (United Kingdom)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

First-principles study of iron oxyfluorides and lithiation of FeOF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First-principles studies of iron oxyfluorides in the FeF[subscript 2] rutile framework (FeO[subscript x]F[subscript 2?x], 0?x?1) are performed using density functional theory (DFT) in the general gradient approximation ...

Chevrier, Vincent L.

400

Design principles for internal domain-specific languages: a pattern catalog illustrated by Ruby  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some programming languages, especially dynamic programming languages, offer suitable mechanisms for the construction of internal domain-specific languages (DSL). Internal DSLs inherit the facilities of their host language such as the availability of ... Keywords: design principles, domain-specific languages, dynamic programming languages

Sebastian Günther; Thomas Cleenewerck

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Applying Hand-Drawn Effects Design Principles to the Creation of 3D Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis centers on the study of the design principles used in creating hand-drawn effects and how they can be applied to computer-generated 3D effects. By studying the rich history of hand-drawn effects animation, artists working on computer...

Eisinger, Sarah Beth

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

First-principles statistical mechanics approach to step decoration at surfaces Yongsheng Zhang, Karsten Reuter *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-principles parameterized lattice-gas Hamiltonian (LGH) [1­3]. The concept is illustrated with the application to the on) terrace sites and at sites close to or at a (111) step. In a first stage the resulting multi-site LGH

403

Unified Green's function retrieval by cross-correlation; connection with energy principles Roel Snieder,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unified Green's function retrieval by cross-correlation; connection with energy principles Roel and observationally that the Green's function for acoustic and elastic waves can be retrieved by cross-correlating fluctuations recorded at two locations. We extend the concept of the extraction of the Green's function

Snieder, Roel

404

What is the present-day status of The Copernican Principle?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I point out that according to the Copernican principle our universe is not unique. The way to make sense out of this statement is for us to construct a gravitational instanton that will tunnel out of our vacuum into another, to form a universe other than our Hubble bubble.

Y. Nutku

2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

405

An interoperable architecture and principles for implementing strategy and policy in operational processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In today's economy managers expect new strategies and policies to be implemented quickly. Yet practice shows that current systems are not able to implement changes within a short time frame. Nowadays a variety of technologies including semantic web services, ... Keywords: Agility, Architectural principles, Business process, Interoperability, Strategy implementation, System architecture

Yiwei Gong; Marijn Janssen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

International marketing involves the application of marketing principles to more than one  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About International marketing involves the application of marketing principles to more than one the important cultural and environmental uniqueness of any country or global region are vital for marketing success. Our MSc International Marketing examines management and strategy in international marketing

Painter, Kevin

407

ccsd00001055 First principles study of the solubility of Zr in Al  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ccsd­00001055 (version 1) : 22 Jan 2004 First principles study of the solubility of Zr in Al (Dated: January 22, 2004) The experimental solubility limit of Zr in Al is well-known. Al3Zr has a stable the solubility limit of Zr in Al for the stable as well as the metastable phase diagrams. The formation energies

408

A novel formulation by Lagrangian variational principle for rotational equilibria: towards multidimensional stellar evolutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......with existing results will be reported in the sequel, but some test calculations are presented, in which we have achieved an error...deformed nuclei. We demonstrate its nice performance in some test models although this Letter is meant to be a proof of principle......

Nobutoshi Yasutake; Kotaro Fujisawa; Shoichi Yamada

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Cornelis Zwaan, open principle, and the future of high-resolution solar telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cornelis Zwaan, open principle, and the future of high-resolution solar telescopes Robert H erected up till 30 m height with sensors at several heights for the measurement of temperature; (iii) the design consequences for the new generation of high-resolution solar telescopes. Keywords

Rutten, Rob

410

subm. to Catalysis Today Challenges in the first-principles description of reactions in electrocatalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the electrochemical energy conversion and storage, the number of theoretical studies addressing electrocatalytic to the fact that they play a very im- portant role in the electrochemical energy conversion or storage reaction from first principles is still limited. This is due to the fact that there are two factors adding

Pfeifer, Holger

411

Ordered magnesium-lithium alloys: First-principles predictions Richard H. Taylor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordered magnesium-lithium alloys: First-principles predictions Richard H. Taylor Department 2010 Magnesium-lithium Mg-Li alloys are among the lightest structural materials. Although considerable Emerging technologies increasingly depend on the pro- duction of ultralight-weight materials. Magnesium

Hart, Gus

412

Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells P. Ramadass,* Bala Haran,** Parthasarathy M. Gomadam,* Ralph White,*** and Branko N. Popov**,z Department of Chemical Engineering developed to simulate the capacity fade of Li-ion batteries. Incorporation of a continuous occurrence

Popov, Branko N.

413

An end effector based on the Bernoulli principle for handling sliced fruit and vegetables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and testing of a gripper developed for the handling of delicate sliced fruit and vegetable products commonly found in the food industry. The device operates on the Bernoulli principle whereby air flow over the surface ... Keywords: Bernoulli effect, Cucumber, End effector, Food, Gripper, Non-contact, Tomato

S. Davis; J. O. Gray; Darwin G. Caldwell

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

IR Principles for Content-based Indexing and Retrieval of Functional Brain Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IR Principles for Content-based Indexing and Retrieval of Functional Brain Images Bing Bai, Paul cornea, silver@ece.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we explore the concept of a "library of brain images", which implies not only a repository of brain images, but also efficient search and retrieval

415

IR Principles for Content-based Indexing and Retrieval of Functional Brain Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IR Principles for Content-based Indexing and Retrieval of Functional Brain Images Bing Bai, Paul of a "library of brain images", which implies not only a repository of brain images, but also efficient search worked with a collection of functional MRI brain images assembled in the study of several distinct cogni

416

Generalized Local Maximum Principles for Finite-Difference Operators Author(s): Achi Brandt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Local Maximum Principles for Finite-Difference Operators Author(s): Achi Brandt Source://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ams. . Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars

417

dence. We also need to examine whether any directional principles resembling the second law of thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Gaggioli, Ed., "Thermodynamics: Second Law Analysis", (3) R. C. Tolman and P. C. Fine, Reu. Mod.Phys., 202704 dence. We also need to examine whether any directional principles resembling the second law of thermodynamics apply when different states of the same total free energy are obtained in open and closed systems

Berry, R. Stephen

418

Journal of Membrane Science 281 (2006) 7087 Forward osmosis: Principles, applications, and recent developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for reverse osmosis applications, the interests in engineered applications of osmosis has been spurred; Direct osmosis; Desalination; Reverse osmosis; Pressure-retarded osmosis Contents 1. IntroductionJournal of Membrane Science 281 (2006) 70­87 Review Forward osmosis: Principles, applications

419

Electronic Excitations of Glycine, Alanine, and Cysteine Conformers from First-Principles Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic Excitations of Glycine, Alanine, and Cysteine Conformers from First-Principles Calculations ... In addition to their biological significance,1 there are applications of peptides, consisting of amino acids, in molecular electronics2 or in functionalization of semiconductor quantum dots3,4 and carbon nanotubes. ... Molecular electronic excitations calculated from a solid-state approach: Methodology and numerics ...

R. Maul; M. Preuss; F. Ortmann; K. Hannewald; F. Bechstedt

2007-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

420

Structural, Electronic, and Thermoelectric Properties of InSe Nanotubes: First-Principles Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural, Electronic, and Thermoelectric Properties of InSe Nanotubes: First-Principles Calculations ... Institute for Computational Materials Science, School of Physics and Electronics, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, People’s Republic of China ... The thermoelectric transport coefficients of InSeNTs at room temperature are calculated within the semiclassical Boltzmann theory. ...

Hai Gang Si; Yuan Xu Wang; Yu Li Yan; Guang Biao Zhang

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Degeneracy and networked buffering: principles for supporting emergent evolvability in agile manufacturing systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces new principles for improving upon the design and implementation of agile manufacturing and assembly systems. It focuses particularly on challenges that arise when dealing with novel conditions and the associated requirements of ... Keywords: Agile manufacturing, Assembly systems, Complexity, Degeneracy, Evolvability, Multi-agent systems, Networked buffering, Robotics

Regina Frei; James Whitacre

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Doppler effects in a left-handed material: a first-principle theoretical study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Doppler effects for the reflected wave from a moving media are systemically analyzed in this paper. The theoretical formula for the Doppler shift in the left-handed material, which is described by Drude's dispersion model, is presented. This formula is examined by first-principles numerical experiments, which are in agreement with the theoretical results.

Sanshui Xiao; Min Qiu

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

First-principles calculations of defects in oxygen-deficient silica exposed to hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen-related defects and oxygen vacancies in silica are analyzed using first-principles density-functional calculations. Energetics, structures, charge-state levels, and hyperfine parameters are determined. These calculations identify the hydrogen bridge related to the E4? center as the defect responsible for the stress-induced leakage current, a forerunner of dielectric breakdown of gate oxides in transistors.

Peter E. Blöchl

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES Harvard University is committed to developing and maintaining an environment that enhances human health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES Harvard University is committed to developing and maintaining species. · · · Developing planning tools to enable comparative analysis of sustainability implications an environment that enhances human health and fosters a transition toward sustainability. Sustainability should

Paulsson, Johan

425

www.biosciencemag.org March 2010 / Vol. 60 No. 3 Process-based Principles for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are ultimately overwhelmed by unconsidered system drivers. Keywords: river restoration, ecosystem dynamics, ecosystem processes restoration. In this article we define process-based restoration as a means-based principles for restoring river ecosystems, and explain key analyses needed to implement process

Olden, Julian D.

426

Do Windows Users Follow the Principle of Least Privilege? Investigating User Account Control Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION To limit damages from security breaches, the "principle of least privilege" [16], or PLP for short or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee. Symposium on Usable Privacy of LUA and related mechanisms by users. The overarching goal of our research is to investigate how well

427

TIMBER COMMITTEE EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION Forest Products Marketing--from Principles to Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIMBER COMMITTEE EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION Forest Products Marketing--from Principles to Practice Balkan Training Workshop, April 2006 F A O FOREST PRODUCTSFOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS & TRADE INMARKETS & TRADE IN THE UNECE REGIONTHE UNECE REGION byby Mr. EdMr. Ed PepkePepke Forest Products Marketing

428

The Netherlands Code of Conduct for Scientific Practice Principles of good scientific teaching and research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Netherlands Code of Conduct for Scientific Practice Principles of good scientific teaching and research 2004, revision 20121 Association of Universities in the Netherlands 1 The code of conduct for Scientific Practice 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS The Netherlands Code of Conduct for Scientific Practice Preamble 3

van Rooij, Robert

429

A Novel Wireless Passive Temperature Sensor Utilizing Microfluidic Principles in Millimeter-Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Novel Wireless Passive Temperature Sensor Utilizing Microfluidic Principles in Millimeter. INTRODUCTION A new miniaturized passive and wireless sensing tag is presented, which is based on microfluidic. Preliminary guidelines for a novel generation of wearable, implantable and conformal "smart house"/"smart skin

Tentzeris, Manos

430

Mathematical, physical and numerical principles essential for models of turbulent mixing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose mathematical, physical and numerical principles which are important for the modeling of turbulent mixing, especially the classical and well studied Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities which involve acceleration driven mixing of a fluid discontinuity layer, by a steady accerleration or an impulsive force.

Sharp, David Howland [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lim, Hyunkyung [STONY BROOK UNIV; Yu, Yan [STONY BROOK UNIV; Glimm, James G [STONY BROOK UNIV

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely arrangements and in the wider context of protein folding, function and evolution. Given the complicated nature

Muggleton, Stephen H.

432

Comm. Nonlin. Sci Numer. Simul. (2006), doi:101016/j.cnsns.2006.11.006 Discrepancy principle for DSM II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for DSM II A.G. Ramm Mathematics Department, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506­2602, USA ramm ##0 #u # - y# = 0. Two versions of discrepancy principles for the DSM (dynamical systems method, iterative regularization (see, e.g., [1], [3]). In [4] a version of the discrepancy principle for DSM

433

Manfred W. Kilimann Title: "BEACH domain proteins as a novel molecular principle in subcellular protein traffic and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manfred W. Kilimann Title: "BEACH domain proteins as a novel molecular principle in subcellular of evoked transmission at the neuromuscular junction, causing perinatal death through breathing paralysis and scarcely explored molecular principle in the orchestration of subcellular protein traffic and in human

Gollisch, Tim

434

First-principles modeling of fluid and solute exchange in the human during normal and hemodialysis conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A first-principles computer model of fluid and solute exchange under both physiological and hemodialysis condition is presented. The whole system has been modeled and simulated under the MODELICA integrated environment, which uses a hierarchical modeling ... Keywords: First-principles modeling, Fluid and solute balance, Hemodialysis, Hierarchical modeling, MODELICA simulation language

J. Fernandez de Canete; P. Del Saz Huang

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Uncertainty Principle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Werner Heisenberg stellte im Jahre 1927 fest, dass es unmöglich ist, die Werner Heisenberg stellte im Jahre 1927 fest, dass es unmöglich ist, die Position und den Impuls eines Teilchens gleichzeitig mit beliebiger Genauigkeit zu messen. Je genauer wir die eine Grösse bestimmen, desto weniger genau kennen wir die andere. Man nennt diese grundlegende Eigenschaft der Quantenmechanik Heisenberg'sche UnschĂ€rfebeziehung, Die genaue Formulierung heisst: Die Konstante ist die Planck'sche Konstante, dividiert durch 2. Das Symbol fĂŒr die Planck'sche Konstante ist , oder "h-quer", mit dem Zahlenwert von 1.05 x 10-34 joule-sekunden, oder 6.58 x 10-22 MeV-sekunden. Eine Messung des Impulses wird also die Information ĂŒber den Ort des Teilchens beeinflussen - und vice-versa. Die Aussage lĂ€sst sich auch in der Form von Energie und Zeit hinschreiben.

436

Idaho National Laboratory Testing of Advanced Technology Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vss021francfort2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho National Laboratory Testing of Advanced Technology Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Idaho...

437

Working Principle of the Hollow-Anode Plasma Source AndrĂ© Anders and Simone Anders  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working Principle of the Hollow-Anode Plasma Source Working Principle of the Hollow-Anode Plasma Source André Anders and Simone Anders Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 Abstract The hollow-anode discharge is a special form of glow discharge. It is shown that a drastically reduced anode area is responsible for a positive anode voltage drop of 30-40 V and an increased anode sheath thickness. This leads to an ignition of a relatively dense plasma in front of the anode hole. Langmuir probe measurements inside a specially designed hollow anode plasma source give an electron density and temperature of n e = 10 9 - 10 11 cm -3 and T e = 1 - 3 eV, respectively (nitrogen, current 100 mA, flow rate 5-50 scc/min). Driven by a pressure gradient, the "anode" plasma is blown through

438

Opportunity cost principles for life cycle assessment: toward strategic decision making in agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is increasingly used for products that require natural resources as important inputs. Relating environmental impacts to the whole production chain makes the method often interpreted as holistic and useful for environmental policy and strategic decision-making. The authors of this paper argue that there are limitations of using LCA for such purposes in food production. Using a product context as basis for the functional unit and the system boundaries may result in false indications of total environmental impacts. Therefore, we suggest that opportunity cost (OC) principles should be included into the LCA method. The significance of the OC principles is shown by using a published case study comparing a conventional and an organic milk production system. The LCA-OC assessment shows that extensive organic farming may result in higher outputs of greenhouse gases than more intensive conventional methods when related effects of alternative land use are considered.

Daniel Berlin; Hans-Erik Uhlin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

New Optical Evaluation Approach for Parabolic Trough Collectors: First-Principle OPTical Intercept Calculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new analytical method -- First-principle OPTical Intercept Calculation (FirstOPTIC) -- is presented here for optical evaluation of trough collectors. It employs first-principle optical treatment of collector optical error sources and derives analytical mathematical formulae to calculate the intercept factor of a trough collector. A suite of MATLAB code is developed for FirstOPTIC and validated against theoretical/numerical solutions and ray-tracing results. It is shown that FirstOPTIC can provide fast and accurate calculation of intercept factors of trough collectors. The method makes it possible to carry out fast evaluation of trough collectors for design purposes. The FirstOPTIC techniques and analysis may be naturally extended to other types of CSP technologies such as linear-Fresnel collectors and central-receiver towers.

Zhu, G.; Lewandowski, A.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Weak equivalence principle for self-gravitating bodies: A sieve for purely metric theories of gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose the almost-geodesic motion of self-gravitating test bodies as a possible selection rule among metric theories of gravity. Starting from a heuristic statement, the "gravitational weak equivalence principle", we build a formal, operative test able to probe the validity of the principle for any metric theory of gravity, in an arbitrary number of spacetime dimensions. We show that, if the theory admits a well-posed variational formulation, this test singles out only the purely metric theories of gravity. This conclusion reproduces known results in the cases of general relativity (also with a cosmological constant term), and scalar-tensor theories, but extends also to debated or unknown scenarios, such as f(R) and Lanczos-Lovelock theories. We thus provide new tools going beyond the standard methods, where the latter turn out to be inconclusive or inapplicable.

Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Status of Proof-of-principle Experiment for Coherent Electron Cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coherent electron cooling (CEC) has a potential to significantly boost luminosity of high-energy, high-intensity hadron colliders. To verify the concept we conduct proof-of-the-principle experiment at RHIC. In this paper, we describe the current experimental setup to be installed into 2 o'clock RHIC interaction regions. We present current design, status of equipment acquisition and estimates for the expected beam parameters.

Pinayev, I; Ben-Zvi, I; Bengtsson, J; Elizarov, A; Fedotov, A V; Gassner, D M; Hao, Y; Kayran, D; Litvinenko, V; Mahler, G J; Meng, W; Roser, T; Sheehy, B; Than, R; Tuozzolo, J E; Wang, G; Webb, S D; Yakimenko, V; Bell, G I; Bruhwiler, D L; Ranjbar, V H; Schwartz, B T; Hutton, A; Krafft, G A; Poelker, M; Rimmer, R A; Kholopov, M A

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

General Working Principles of CH3NH3PbX3 Perovskite Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Working Principles of CH3NH3PbX3 Perovskite Solar Cells ... Organometal halide perovskite-based solar cells have recently realized large conversion efficiency over 15% showing great promise for a new large scale cost-competitive photovoltaic technology. ... Using impedance spectroscopy measurements we are able to separate the physical parameters of carrier transport and recombination in working devices of the two principal morphologies and compositions of perovskite solar cells, viz. ...

Victoria Gonzalez-Pedro; Emilio J. Juarez-Perez; Waode-Sukmawati Arsyad; Eva M. Barea; Francisco Fabregat-Santiago; Ivan Mora-Sero; Juan Bisquert

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

Multiscale modeling approach for calculating grain-boundary energies from first principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multiscale modeling approach is proposed for calculating energies of tilt-grain boundaries in covalent materials from first principles over an entire misorientation range for given tilt axes. The method uses energies from density-functional calculations for a few key structures as input into a disclination structural-units model. This approach is demonstrated by calculating energies of ?001?-symmetrical tilt-grain boundaries in diamond.

O. A. Shenderova; D. W. Brenner; A. A. Nazarov; A. E. Romanov; L. H. Yang

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Ballistic phonon thermal conductance in graphene nano-ribbon: First-principles calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ballistic phonon thermal conductances for graphene nanoribbons are investigated using first-principles calculations with the density functional perturbation theory and the Landauer theory. The phonon thermal conductance per unit width for GNR is larger than that for graphene and increases with decreasing ribbon width. The normalized thermal conductances with regard to a thermal quantum for GNRs are higher than those for the single-walled carbon nanotube that have circumferential lengths corresponding to the width of GNR.

Nakamura, Jun; Tomita, Hiroki [Department of Engineering Sciences, The University of Electro-Communications (UEC-Tokyo), 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

445

From First Principles Design to Realization of Bimetallic Catalysts for Enhanced Selectivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

“Catalysis by design” has been a dream for decades. To specify the composition and structure of matter to effect a desired catalytic transformation with desired and predicted rate and selectivity remains a monumental challenge, especially in heterogeneous catalysis. Our research thrusts have been chosen not only for their practical and scientific relevance, e.g. for more efficient and sustainable chemicals and fuels production, but also because they provide a foundation for developing and exploring broadly applicable principles and strategies for catalyst design.

Lobo, Raul F.; Crooks, Richard M.; Mavrikakis, Manos

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

446

Green Buildings: Principles, Practices and Techniques, The French "HQE" Versus the American "LEED"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environment Design? (LEED?). After a presentation of the assessment methodology and the principles, practices and techniques of the certification of both systems, a comparison - based on the measurement of the degree of consideration of a selected set... of the indicator, compilation methodologies and other technical references. ? The IPD Environment Code launched in February 2008 by the Investment Property Databank (IPD)10 covers a wide range of building types (from offices to airports) and is intended as a...

Gazzeh, K.; Mahfoudh, H. B.

447

First principles predictions of intrinsic defects in aluminum arsenide, AlAs : numerical supplement.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Report presents numerical tables summarizing properties of intrinsic defects in aluminum arsenide, AlAs, as computed by density functional theory. This Report serves as a numerical supplement to the results published in: P.A. Schultz, 'First principles predictions of intrinsic defects in Aluminum Arsenide, AlAs', Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings 1370 (2011; SAND2011-2436C), and intended for use as reference tables for a defect physics package in device models.

Schultz, Peter Andrew

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Best Practices for HPSB Guiding Principles Implementation in Existing DOE Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intent of this paper is to document an approach to screening existing buildings at DOE sites for High-Performance and Sustainable Buildings (HPSB) Guiding Principles (GPs) potential, developing policies and programs to address a majority of the HPSB GPs, and how to prioritize buildings with the greatest potential. This paper will also include example strategies for HPSB inventory and projection schedules and best practices on approaching and interpreting select criteria that have been troublesome to sites.

Henderson, Jordan W.

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

449

Hydrodynamic equations for electrons in graphene obtained from the maximum entropy principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The maximum entropy principle is applied to the formal derivation of isothermal, Euler-like equations for semiclassical fermions (electrons and holes) in graphene. After proving general mathematical properties of the equations so obtained, their asymptotic form corresponding to significant physical regimes is investigated. In particular, the diffusive regime, the Maxwell-Boltzmann regime (high temperature), the collimation regime and the degenerate gas limit (vanishing temperature) are considered.

Barletti, Luigi, E-mail: luigi.barletti@unifi.it [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica “Ulisse Dini”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Viale Morgagni 67/A, 50134 Firenze (Italy)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Thermodynamics of (2+1)-dimensional acoustic black hole based on the generalized uncertainty principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study thermodynamic quantities of an acoustic black hole and its thermodynamic stability in a cavity based on the generalized uncertainty principle. It can be shown that there is a minimal black hole which can be a stable remnant after black hole evaporation. Moreover, the behavior of the free energy shows that the large black hole is stable too. Therefore, the acoustic black hole can decay into the remnant or the large black hole.

Wontae Kim; Edwin J. Son; Myungseok Yoon

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

451

Limiting absorption principle for some long range perturbations of Dirac systems at threshold energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We establish a limiting absorption principle for some long range perturbations of the Dirac systems at threshold energies. We cover multi-center interactions with small coupling constants. The analysis is reduced to study a family of non-self-adjoint operators. The technique is based on a positive commutator theory for non self-adjoint operators, which we develop in appendix. We also discuss some applications to the dispersive Helmholzt model in the quantum regime.

Nabile Boussaid; Sylvain Golénia

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

452

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, Hydrogen/CNG Blended Fuels Performance Testing in a Ford F-150  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Federal regulation requires energy companies and government entities to utilize alternative fuels in their vehicle fleets. To meet this need, several automobile manufacturers are producing compressed natural gas (CNG)-fueled vehicles. In addition, several converters are modifying gasoline-fueled vehicles to operate on both gasoline and CNG (Bifuel). Because of the availability of CNG vehicles, many energy company and government fleets have adopted CNG as their principle alternative fuel for transportation. Meanwhile, recent research has shown that blending hydrogen with CNG (HCNG) can reduce emissions from CNG vehicles. However, blending hydrogen with CNG (and performing no other vehicle modifications) reduces engine power output, due to the lower volumetric energy density of hydrogen in relation to CNG. Arizona Public Service (APS) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (DOE AVTA) identified the need to determine the magnitude of these effects and their impact on the viability of using HCNG in existing CNG vehicles. To quantify the effects of using various blended fuels, a work plan was designed to test the acceleration, range, and exhaust emissions of a Ford F-150 pickup truck operating on 100% CNG and blends of 15 and 30% HCNG. This report presents the results of this testing conducted during May and June 2003 by Electric Transportation Applications (Task 4.10, DOE AVTA Cooperative Agreement DEFC36- 00ID-13859).

James E. Francfort

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

"Principle of Indistinguishability" and equations of motion for particles with spin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we review the derivation of Dirac and Weinberg equations based on a ``principle of indistinguishability'' for the (j,0) and (0,j) irreducible representations (irreps) of the Homogeneous Lorentz Group (HLG). We generalize this principle and explore its consequences for other irreps containing spin >= 1. We rederive Ahluwalia-Kirchbach equation using this principle and conclude that it yields O(p^{2j}) equations of motion for any representation containing spin j and lower spins. We also use the obtained generators of the HLG for a given representation to explore the possibility of the existence of first order equations for that representation. We show that, except for j=1/2, there exists no Dirac-like equation for the (j,0)\\oplus (0,j) representation nor for the (1/2,1/2) representation. We rederive Kemmer-Duffin-Petieau (KDP) equation for the (1,0)\\oplus (1/2,1/2)\\oplus(0,1) representation by this method and show that the (1,1/2)\\oplus (1/2,1) representation satisfies a Dirac-like equation which describes a multiplet of j=3/2 and j=1/2 with masses m and m/2} respectively.

Mauro Napsuciale

2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

454

The Principle of Stationary Action in Biophysics: Stability in Protein Folding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Processes that proceed reliably from a variety of initial conditions to a unique final form, regardless of moderately changing conditions, are of obvious importance in biophysics. Protein folding is a case in point. We show that the action principle can be applied directly to study the stability of biological processes. The action principle in classical physics starts with the first variation of the action and leads immediately to the equations of motion. The second variation of the action leads in a natural way to powerful theorems that provide quantitative treatment of stability and focusing and also explain how some very complex processes can behave as though some seemingly important forces drop out. We first apply these ideas to the non-equilibrium states involved in two-state folding. We treat torsional waves and use the action principle to talk about critical points in the dynamics. For some proteins the theory resembles TST. We reach several quantitative and qualitative conclusions. Besides giving an e...

Simmons, Walter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Chapter 8: PhotodetectorsChapter 8: Photodetectors i i l f j i h di dPrinciple of pn junction photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photodiodes RAMO's theorem and external photocurrentp Photodiode materials Quantum efficiency and responsivity pin photodiodespin photodiodes Avalanche photodiodes Heterojunction photodiodes Photoconductive;Principle of the pn Junction PhotodiodesPrinciple of the pn Junction Photodiodes Photodetectors/photodiodes

Wang, Jianfang

456

EA-1992: Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for the WindFloat Pacific Offshore Wind Demonstration Project, offshore of Coos Bay, Oregon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Funding for Principle Power, Inc., for the WindFloat Pacific Offshore Wind Demonstration Project, offshore of Coos Bay, Oregon

457

Basic principles of electrolyte chemistry for microfluidic electrokinetics. Part I: Acidbase equilibria and pH buffersx  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic principles of electrolyte chemistry for microfluidic electrokinetics. Part I: Acid We review fundamental and applied acid­base equilibrium chemistry useful to microfluidic with electrolyte dynamics and electrochemistry in typical microfluidic electrokinetic systems. Introduction

Santiago, Juan G.

458

Learning Telecommunications Principles in a Dark Room Michael Bowman PhD, George Rice, Murray State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Learning Telecommunications Principles in a Dark Room Michael Bowman PhD, George Rice, Murray State University International Telecommunications Education and Research Association (ITERA) Fifth Annual Conference on Telecommunications & Information Technology 23-24 March 2007, Louisville, Kentucky

Bowman, Michael

459

Fault Current Limit (FCL) Technology (Magnetic Valve Controlled Reactor-Type Fault Current Limiter Principle and Simulation)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summarized the FCL practical research which faces to the key technical problems, briefly introduces the study of magnetic valve controllable reactor type fault current limiter principle, and the simulation result...

Chunzhe Shi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Goodbye Pareto Principle, Hello Long Tail: The Effect of Search Costs on the Concentration of Product Sales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many markets have historically been dominated by a small number of best-selling products. The Pareto principle, also known as the 80/20 rule, describes this common pattern of sales concentration. However, information ...

Brynjolfsson, Erik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Wind- Chimney (Integrating the Principles of a Wind-Catcher and a Solar-Chimney to Provide Natural Ventilation).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? WIND-CHIMNEY Integrating the principles of a wind-catcher and a solar chimney to provide natural ventilation Fereshteh Tavakolinia Abstract This paper suggests using a wind-catcher… (more)

Tavakolinia, Fereshteh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Proof of the Impossibility of a Classical Action Principle for Magnetic Monopoles and Charges without Subsidiary Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A proof is given that no action principle exists for the classical electromagnetic field when its sources are both charged particles and magnetic monopoles unless an extra condition, not derivable from the action principle, is assumed. The extra condition is that charges never touch magnetic monopoles. The Lorentz force law predicts that a charge and a magnetic monopole approaching each other along a straight line will collide. Since the Lorentz force law can only be gotten from an action principle with the aid of this extra condition, the necessary extra condition is in contradiction to the law derived with its help. Thus there is no satisfactory action principle for the classical electromagnetic field if both charges and magnetic monopoles exist. The foregoing provides an aesthetic argument against the existence of magnetic monopoles. An action principle has then been constructed using the extra condition. It is analogous to the usual action principle for (charge-only) electromagnetic theory, but J?A? is replaced by J?R??K?T? where J? and K? are the 4-dimensional current and magnetic monopole densities, respectively, and R? and T? are gaugeless "effective potentials." Electromagnetic theory is formulated in a gaugeless way in terms of these effective potentials in the Appendix.

David Rosenbaum

1966-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

463

Principles of passive and active cooling of mirror-based hybrid systems employing liquid metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents principles of passive and active cooling that are suitable to mirrorbased hybrid, nuclear fission/fusion systems. It is shown that liquid metal lead-bismuth cooling of the mirror machine with 25 m height and 1.5 GW thermal power is feasible both in the active mode during the normal operation and in the passive mode after the reactor shutdown. In the active mode the achievable required pumping power can well be below 50 MW, whereas the passive mode provides enough coolant flow to keep the clad temperature below the damage limits.

Anglart, Henryk [Div. of Nuclear Technology, School of Engineering Sciences, Royal Institute of Technology Roslagstullsbacken 21, 106-91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

464

First-principles study of the (2,2) carbon nanotube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the structural stability and electronic properties of the smallest (2,2) carbon nanotube as the inner wall of the double-walled carbon nanotubes. The results indicate that an isolated (2,2) carbon nanotube is unstable upon unrolling in free space, while it can exist within (6,6) and, especially, within (7,7) carbon nanotubes. In addition, a spontaneous symmetry breaking of the isolated (2,2) nanotube produces an energy gap at Fermi level converting it into a semiconductor.

Y. L. Mao; X. H. Yan; Y. Xiao; J. Xiang; Y. R. Yang; H. L. Yu

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

465

Magnetic properties of carbon doped CdS: A first-principles and Monte Carlo study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon doping of CdS is studied using first-principles calculations and Monte Carlo simulation. Our calculations predict ferromagnetism in C doped CdS, resulting from carbon substitution of sulfur. A single carbon substitution of sulfur favors a spin-polarized state with a magnetic moment of 1.22?B. Ferromagnetic coupling is generally observed between these magnetic moments. A transition temperature of 270K is predicted through Monte Carlo simulation. The ferromagnetism of C doped CdS can be explained by the hole-mediated double exchange mechanism.

Hui Pan; Yuan Ping Feng; Qin Yun Wu; Zhi Gao Huang; Jianyi Lin

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

466

A review of "Commonwealth Principles: Republican Writing of the English Revolution." by Jonathan Scott,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

28 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Jonathan Scott. Commonwealth Principles: Republican Writing of the English Revolution. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. xii + 402 pp. $75.00. Review by CHARLES W. A. PRIOR, UNIVERSITY OF HULL... in no way disposed to require the definition of En- gland as a polis or the Englishman as a citizen? (334). To a very large extent, Jonathan Scott?s mission is to show how this process of domestication took place, and the result is a thought...

Prior, Charles W. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Main Principles of the Perspective System of SNF Management in Russia - 13333  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the last several years the System of the Spent Nuclear Fuel management in Russia was seriously changed. The paper describes the main principles of the changes and the bases of the Perspective System of SNF Management in Russia. Among such the bases there are the theses with the interesting names like 'total knowledge', 'pollutant pays' and 'pay and forget'. There is also a brief description of the modern Russian SNF Management Infrastructure. And an outline of the whole System. The System which is - in case of Russia - is quite necessary to adjust SNF accumulation and to utilize the nuclear heritage. (authors)

Baryshnikov, Mikhail [Project Office for SNF Management, Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation 'ROSATOM', Bolshaya Ordynka str., 24, Moscow, 119017 (Russian Federation)] [Project Office for SNF Management, Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation 'ROSATOM', Bolshaya Ordynka str., 24, Moscow, 119017 (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Scaling laws for ignition at the National Ignition Facility from first principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed an analytical physics model from fundamental physics principles and used the reduced one-dimensional model to derive a thermonuclear ignition criterion and implosion energy scaling laws applicable to inertial confinement fusion capsules. The scaling laws relate the fuel pressure and the minimum implosion energy required for ignition to the peak implosion velocity and the equation of state of the pusher and the hot fuel. When a specific low-entropy adiabat path is used for the cold fuel, our scaling laws recover the ignition threshold factor dependence on the implosion velocity, but when a high-entropy adiabat path is chosen, the model agrees with recent measurements.

Baolian Cheng; Thomas J. T. Kwan; Yi-Ming Wang; Steven H. Batha

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

First-principles study of graphene-lithium structures for battery applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to identify the best and most promising graphene-lithium structures for battery applications we performed a systematic study of different multilayer graphene-lithium structures using first-principles density-functional theory. The most promising structure identified is a few layer compound which contains a single graphene layer and four lithium layers. In this structure lithium density is six times higher than that of intercalated graphite and high lithium density observed in recent experiments can be due to this structure. In addition we show that electron density distribution around the positive Li ions is very important to design new advanced materials for battery applications.

Alper Buldum; Gulcin Tetiker

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

A comparison between income tax methods of accounting and standard accounting principles and practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and aooountant since the passage of the first Revenue Aot of 1915? Both parties have been advocating that tax methods of accounting should conform to generally aocepted principles and praotioes? Although somi of ths dextrad ohanges have been made in recent... held by the Bureau of Internal Revenue end tha various aourts has not always agreed with the aoaounting oonaept oi' inaomoi The Bureau of Internal Revenue eud the oourts hevo interpreted other seotions of tho. lew so that tho results ers in direot...

Sisco, George Barham, jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

471

Norsk Hydro's communication to international capital markets: A blend of accounting principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Companies operating internationally are faced with the dilemma of how to attract investors from multiple exchanges to provide capital. While each investor may prefer a report tailored to his or her country's generally accepted accounting and auditing framework, such an approach can be prohibitively expensive. The selection of International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) guidance for reporting suffers from its lack of acceptance to date by the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO). The choice of the United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S.GAAP) and Generally Accepted Auditing Standards (U.S. GAAS) facilitate access to large capital markers on the New York Stock Exchange, AMEX or NASDAQ but may not communicate effectively to the European or other markets. Norsk Hydro, the subject of this paper, chose to blend its domestic and U.S. accounting principles, with some episodic integration of European audit report language. The potential communication and regulatory challenges that resulted are described, as are the plethora of topics for future research, given such experimentation in financial reporting.

Norvald Monsen; Wanda A. Wallace

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Report for slot cutter proof-of-principle test, Buried Waste Containment System project. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several million cubic feet of hazardous and radioactive waste was buried in shallow pits and trenches within many US Department of Energy (US DOE) sites. The pits and trenches were constructed similarly to municipal landfills with both stacked and random dump waste forms such as barrels and boxes. Many of the hazardous materials in these waste sites are migrating into groundwater systems through plumes and leaching. On-site containment is one of the options being considered for prevention of waste migration. This report describes the results of a proof-of-principle test conducted to demonstrate technology for containing waste. This proof-of-principle test, conducted at the RAHCO International, Inc., facility in the summer of 1997, evaluated equipment techniques for cutting a horizontal slot beneath an existing waste site. The slot would theoretically be used by complementary equipment designed to place a cement barrier under the waste. The technology evaluated consisted of a slot cutting mechanism, muck handling system, thrust system, and instrumentation. Data were gathered and analyzed to evaluate the performance parameters.

NONE

1998-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

473

On the "principle of the quantumness", the quantumness of Relativity, and the computational grand-unification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After reviewing recently suggested operational "principles of the quantumness", I address the problem on whether Quantum Theory (QT) and Special Relativity (SR) are unrelated theories, or instead, if the one implies the other. I show how SR can be indeed derived from causality of QT, within the computational paradigm "the universe is a huge quantum computer", reformulating QFT as a Quantum-Computational Field Theory (QCFT). In QCFT SR emerges from the fabric of the computational network, which also naturally embeds gauge invariance. In this scheme even the quantization rule and the Planck constant can in principle be derived as emergent from the underlying causal tapestry of space-time. In this way QT remains the only theory operating the huge computer of the universe. Is QCFT only a speculative tautology (theory as simulation of reality), or does it have a scientific value? The answer will come from Occam's razor, depending on the mathematical simplicity of QCFT. Here I will just start scratching the surface of QCFT, analyzing simple field theories, including Dirac's. The number of problems and unmotivated recipes that plague QFT strongly motivates us to undertake the QCFT project, since QCFT makes all such problems manifest, and forces a re-foundation of QFT.

Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0

Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa

2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

Quantum Tests of the Einstein Equivalence Principle with the STE-QUEST Space Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present in detail the scientific objectives in fundamental physics of the Space-Time Explorer and QUantum Equivalence Space Test (STE-QUEST) space mission. STE-QUEST was pre-selected by the European Space Agency together with four other missions for the cosmic vision M3 launch opportunity planned around 2024. It carries out tests of different aspects of the Einstein Equivalence Principle using atomic clocks, matter wave interferometry and long distance time/frequency links, providing fascinating science at the interface between quantum mechanics and gravitation that cannot be achieved, at that level of precision, in ground experiments. We especially emphasize the specific strong interest of performing equivalence principle tests in the quantum regime, i.e. using quantum atomic wave interferometry. Although STE-QUEST was finally not selected in early 2014 because of budgetary and technological reasons, its science case was very highly rated. Our aim is to expose that science to a large audience in order to ...

Altschul, Brett; Blanchet, Luc; Bongs, Kai; Bouyer, Philippe; Cacciapuoti, Luigi; Capozziello, Salvatore; Gaaloul, Naceur; Giulini, Domenico; Hartwig, Jonas; Iess, Luciano; Jetzer, Philippe; Landragin, Arnaud; Rasel, Ernst; Reynaud, Serge; Schiller, Stephan; Schubert, Christian; Sorrentino, Fiodor; Sterr, Uwe; Tasson, Jay D; Tino, Guglielmo M; Tuckey, Philip; Wolf, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Implementation of the principle of as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) for medical and dental personnel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series prepared under the auspices of Scientific Committee 46, Operational Radiation Safety. It provides guidance on the process of implementing the as low as reasonably achievable'' (ALARA) principle for the use of radiation by medical and dental personnel. The use of cost-benefit analysis is recommended as a basic method upon which to base ALARA decisions. Examples are provided to illustrate the ALARA principle as a process of optimization and to provide a starting point for the development of individualized ALARA programs. NCRP Report No. 91, Recommendations on Limits for Exposure to Ionizing Radiation, calls for the use of reference ranges for occupational exposures. This report recommends the use of 2 reference ranges, one based on individual dose equivalents, and the other based on collective dose equivalent. In accordance with the recommendations of NCRP Report No. 82, SI Units in Radiation Protection and Measurements, as of January 1990, only SI units are used in the text. Readers needing factors for conversion of SI to conventional units are encouraged to consult Report No. 82. 84 refs., 10 figs., 10 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

477

Towards a frequency-dependent discrete maximum principle for the implicit Monte Carlo equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has long been known that temperature solutions of the Implicit Monte Carlo (IMC) equations can exceed the external boundary temperatures, a so-called violation of the 'maximum principle.' Previous attempts at prescribing a maximum value of the time-step size {Delta}{sub t} that is sufficient to eliminate these violations have recommended a {Delta}{sub t} that is typically too small to be used in practice and that appeared to be much too conservative when compared to numerical solutions of the IMC equations for practical problems. In this paper, we derive a new estimator for the maximum time-step size that includes the spatial-grid size {Delta}{sub x}. This explicitly demonstrates that the effect of coarsening {Delta}{sub x} is to reduce the limitation on {Delta}{sub t}, which helps explain the overly conservative nature of the earlier, grid-independent results. We demonstrate that our new time-step restriction is a much more accurate means of predicting violations of the maximum principle. We discuss how the implications of the new, grid-dependent timestep restriction can impact IMC solution algorithms.

Wollaber, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Larsen, Edward W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Densmore, Jeffery D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Detector Configurations for Equivalence Principle Tests with Strong Separation of Signal from Noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Testing the Equivalence Principle (EP) at a level of accuracy substantially higher than the present state of the art requires resolving a very small signal out of the instrument’s intrinsic noise and also the noise associated with the instrument’s motion and gravity gradients. In the test of the Equivalence Principle in an Einstein Elevator under development by our team the acceleration detector spins about a horizontal axis while free falling for about 25 s inside a co?moving capsule released from a stratospheric balloon. The characteristics of the instrument package and the configuration of the detector play a key role in the ability to extract an EP violation signal at the desired threshold level out of dynamics?related noise. Numerical simulations of the detector’s dynamics in the presence of relevant perturbations having assumed realistic errors and construction imperfections show the merits of the detector configuration selected. The results illustrate that the effects of dynamics and gravity gradients near or at the signal frequency can be limited to levels much smaller than the expected threshold sensitivity of the detector.

E. C. Lorenzini; I. I. Shapiro; J. Ashenberg; C. Bombardelli; P. N. Cheimets; V. Iafolla; D. M. Lucchesi; S. Nozzoli; F. Santoli; S. Glashow

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Proof-of-principle test for thermoelectric generator for diesel engines; Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In September of 1987, the principals of what is now Hi-Z TECHNOLOGY, INC. applied to the National Bureau of Standards (now National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) under the Energy Related Inventions Program. The invention was entitled ``Thermoelectric Generator for Diesel Engines.`` The National Institute of Standards and Technology evaluated the invention and on January 12, 1989 forwarded Recommendation Number 455 to the Department of Energy (DOE). This recommendation informed the DOE that the invention had been selected for recommendation by the NIST for possible funding by the DOE. Following the recommendation of the NIST, the DOE contacted Hi-Z to work out a development program for the generator. A contract for a grant to design, fabricate, and test a Proof-of-Principle exhaust powered thermoelectric generator for Diesel engines was signed October 19, 1989. Hi-Z provided the thermoelectric modules used in the generator as their contribution to the project. The purpose of this Grant Program was to design, build, and test a small-scale, Proof-of-Principle thermoelectric generator for a Diesel engine. 15 figs., 1 tab.

NONE

1991-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

480

A Critique on Caratheodory Principle of the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Caratheodory's axiomatic formulation of the second law is considered as one of the standard forms of formulation of the law. However, it was mired in advanced mathematics. The formulation was strongly criticized by Max Planck, for it was based on the analysis of adiabatic processes and adiabatic accessibility. A thermodynamic process is said to be possible only if it satisfies both first law and the second law. A process is said to violate the second law only when it satisfies the first law, and violate the second law. We show here that violation of Caratheodory principle of the second law violates the first law itself. In other words, adiabatic inaccessibility arises only as a consequence of violation of the first law. This we demonstrate by assuming, in contradiction to Caratheodory's principle, that the states considered adiabatically inaccessible as adiabatically accessible, and prove that the assumption leads to no paradox - thereby showing that the adiabatic inaccessibility arises as a result of violation of the first law.

Radhakrishnamurty Padyala

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "francfort avta principle" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Calculation of the electron two-slit experiment using a quantum mechanical variational principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nonlocal relativistic variational principle (VP) has recently been proposed as an alternative to the Dirac wave equation of standard quantum mechanics. We apply that principle to the electron two-slit experiment. The detection system is modelled as a screen made of atoms, any one of which can be excited by the incident electron, but we avoid restricting the detection mechanism further. The VP is shown to predict that, at the time the electron reaches the screen, its wavefunction will be localized to the neighborhood of a single atom, resulting in a position-type measurement. In an ensemble of such experiments ("identically prepared" except that the initial phase of the wavefunction--the hidden variable in the VP formulation--is sampled over the expected uniform distribution), the distribution of measured positions will reproduce the interference pattern predicted by the Dirac equation. We also demonstrate that with a detection system designed fundamentally to detect the electron's transverse wavelength rather than its position, the VP predicts that one such mode will be detected, that is, a wavelength measurement will result. Finally, it is shown that these results are unchanged in the "delayed choice" variant of the experiment.

Alan K. Harrison

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

482

First-principles investigation of the structural and vibrational properties of vitreous GeSe2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a density-functional scheme, we study the structural and vibrational properties of vitreous germanium diselenide (v-GeSe2). Through the use of classical and first-principles molecular-dynamics methods, we generate a set of structural models showing a varying degree of chemical disorder. In particular, two types of structural concepts are represented: one in which the tetrahedral order is preserved to a very large extent, and one which reproduces the high degree of disorder in first-neighbor shells found in first-principles molecular-dynamics simulations of the liquid. The investigated structural properties include the angular distributions, the atomic arrangements in the first-neighbor shells, and the pair-correlation functions. In reciprocal space, we have calculated the x-ray and neutron total structure factors and the partial structure factors. Comparison with experiment gives overall good agreement for the models of either structural conception. We then investigate the vibrational properties via the vibrational density of states and the inelastic neutron spectrum. The considered models yield similar spectra and agree with experimental data. We also obtain infrared and Raman spectra through a density-functional scheme based on the application of finite electric fields. For these spectra, significant differences appear among the models. The comparison with experiment favors a model showing a high degree of chemical order. The Raman intensity is analyzed in terms of the underlying atomic vibrations. The assignment of the Raman companion line to Se motions in edge-sharing tetrahedra is supported.

Luigi Giacomazzi; Carlo Massobrio; Alfredo Pasquarello

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

483

Three Dimensional Time Theory: to Unify the Principles of Basic Quantum Physics and Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interpreting quantum mechanics(QM) by classical physics seems like an old topic; And unified theory is in physics frontier; But because the principles of quantum physics and relativity are so different, any theories of trying to unify 4 nature forces should not be considered as completed without truly unifying the basic principles between QM and relativity. This paper will interpret quantum physics by using two extra dimensional time as quantum hidden variables. I'll show that three dimensional time is a bridge to connect basics quantum physics, relativity and string theory. ``Quantum potential'' in Bohm's quantum hidden variable theory is derived from Einstein Lagrangian in 6-dimensional time-space geometry. Statistical effect in the measurement of single particle, non-local properties, de Broglie wave can be naturally derived from the natural properties of three dimensional time. Berry phase, double-slit interference of single particle, uncertainty relation, wave-packet collapse are discussed. The spin and g factor are derived from geometry of extra two time dimensions. Electron can be expressed as time monopole. In the last part of this paper, I'll discuss the relation between three dimensional time and unified theory. Key words: Quantum hidden variable, Interpreting of quantum physics, Berry phase, three dimensional time, unified theory

Xiaodong Chen

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

484

Electronic properties of corrugated graphene, the Heisenberg principle and wormhole geometry in solid state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adopting a purely two dimensional relativistic equation for graphene's carriers contradicts the Heisenberg uncertainty principle since it requires setting off-the-surface coordinate of a three-dimensional wavefunction to zero. Here we present a theoretical framework for describing graphene's massless relativistic carriers in accordance with this most fundamental of all quantum principles. A gradual confining procedure is used to restrict the dynamics onto a surface and normal to the surface parts and in the process the embedding of this surface into the three dimensional world is accounted for. As a result an invariant geometric potential arises in the surface part which scales linearly with the Mean curvature and shifts the Fermi energy of the material proportional to bending. Strain induced modification of the electronic properties or "straintronics" is clearly an important field of study in graphene. This opens a venue to producing electronic devices, MEMS and NEMS where the electronic properties are controlled by geometric means and no additional alteration of graphene is necessary. The appearance of this geometric potential also provides us with clues as to how quantum dynamics looks like in the curved space-time of general relativity. In this context, we explore a two-dimensional cross-section of the wormhole geometry realized with graphene as a solid state thought experiment.

Victor Atanasov; Avadh Saxena

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

485

Low-Level Waste Regulation: Putting Principles Into Practice - 13297 - The Richard S. Hodes, M.D., Honor Lecture Award  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In carrying out its mission to ensure the safe use of radioactive materials for beneficial civilian purposes while protecting people and the environment, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) adheres to its Principles of Good Regulation. The Principles-Independence, Openness, Efficiency, Clarity, and Reliability-apply to the agency as a whole in its decision-making and to the individual conduct of NRC employees. This paper describes the application of the Principles in a real-life staff activity, a guidance document used in the NRC's low-level radioactive waste (LLW) program, the Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation Branch Technical Position (CA BTP). The staff's process to revise the document, as well as the final content of the document, were influenced by following the Principles. For example, consistent with the Openness Principle, the staff conducted a number of outreach activities and received many comments on three drafts of the document. Stakeholder comments affected the final staff positions in some cases. The revised CA BTP, once implemented, is expected to improve management and disposal of LLW in the United States. Its positions have an improved nexus to health and safety; are more performance-based than previously, thus providing licensees with options for how they achieve the required outcome of protecting an inadvertent human intruder into a disposal facility; and provide for disposal of more sealed radioactive sources, which are a potential threat to national security. (author)

Kennedy, James E. [Low-Level Waste Branch Division of Waste Management and Environmental Protection, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, 20555-0001 (United States)] [Low-Level Waste Branch Division of Waste Management and Environmental Protection, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, 20555-0001 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

First-Principles Simulations of High-Speed Combustion and Detonation |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Picture shows a numerically generated pseudo-schlieren image of the onset of a detonation in a turbulent boundary layer. Picture shows a numerically generated pseudo-schlieren image of the onset of a detonation in a turbulent boundary layer. Weak ignition behind a reflected Mach=1.5 shock in a stoichiometric hydrogen-oxygen mixture at 0.1 atm initial pressure. Picture shows a numerically generated pseudo-schlieren image of the onset of a detonation in a turbulent boundary layer. Alexei Khokhlov, University of Chicago, Charles Bacon, Argonne National Laboratory, Joanna Austin and Andrew Knisely, University of Illinois at Urbanna-Champaign. First-Principles Simulations of High-Speed Combustion and Detonation PI Name: Alexei Khokhlov PI Email: ajk@oddjob.uchicago.edu Institution: University of Chicago Allocation Program: INCITE Allocation Hours at ALCF: 150 Million Year: 2014

487

FIRST-PRINCIPLES APPROACHES TO THE STRUCTURE AND REACTIVITY OF ATMOSPHERICALLY RELEVANT AQUESOUS INTERFACES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The field of atmospheric science is very rich in problems ranging from the molecular to the regional and global scale. These problems are often extremely complex, and although the statement of a particular atmospheric science question may be clear, finding a single, concise computational approach to address this question can be daunting. As a result, the broad scope of scientific problems that lie within the umbrella of atmospheric science require a multi-discipline approach. Of particular interest to atmospheric chemists is the role that heterogeneous chemistry plays in the important processes that take place throughout the atmosphere. The definition of heterogeneous is: consisting of dissimilar elements or parts. The chemical environment induced by the presence of the interface can be dramatically different than the corresponding gas- or condensed phase homogeneous environment and can give rise to novel chemistry. Although the importance of heterogeneous chemistry in the atmosphere has been known for decades, a challenge to both experimentalists and theorists in provide simplified models and experiments that can yield insight into the field measurements of the atmospheric process. The use of molecular modeling has been widely used to provide a particle-based picture of atmospherically relevant interfaces to deduce the novel chemistry that is taking place. Unfortunately, even with the most computationally efficient particle-based approach, it is still impossible to model the full ice-crystal in the stratosphere or the sea-salt aerosol in the troposphere. Figure 1 depicts a caricature of the actual system of interest, and highlights the region where efficient molecular modeling can be employed. Although there is seemingly a large disconnect between reality and the model, we hope to convince the reader that there is still much insight to be gained from a particle-based picture. There is a myriad of different approaches to molecular modeling that have been successfully applied to studying the complex problems put forth by atmospheric chemists. To date, the majority of the molecular models of atmospherically relevant interfaces have been comprised of two genres of molecular models. The first is based on empirical interaction potentials. The use of an empirical interaction potential suffers from at least two shortcomings. First, empirical potentials are usually fit to reproduce bulk thermodynamic states, or gas phase spectroscopic data. Thus, without the explicit inclusion of charge transfer, it is not at all obvious that empirical potentials can faithfully reproduce the structure at a solid-vapor, or liquid-vapor interface where charge rearrangement is known to occur (see section 5). One solution is the empirical inclusion of polarization effects. These models are certainly an improvement, but still cannot offer insight into charge transfer processes and are usually difficult to parameterize. The other shortcoming of empirical models is that, in general, they cannot describe bond-making/breaking events, i.e. chemistry. In order to address chemistry one has to consider an ab initio (to be referred to as first-principles throughout the remaining text) approach to molecular modeling that explicitly treats the electronic degrees of freedom. First-principles modeling also give a direct link to spectroscopic data and chemistry, but at a large computational cost. The bottle-neck associated with first-principles modeling is usually determined by the level of electronic structure theory that one chooses to study a particular problem. High-level first-principles approaches, such as MP2, provide accurate representation of the electronic degrees of freedom but are only computationally tractable when applied to small system sizes (i.e. 10s of atoms). Nevertheless, this type of modeling has been extremely useful in deducing reaction mechanisms of atmospherically relevant chemistry that will be discussed in this review (see section 4). However, to solve problems relating to heterogeneous chemistry at interfaces where the interfacial syste

Mundy, C; Kuo, I W

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

488

First-Principles Determination of Ultrahigh Thermal Conductivity of Boron Arsenide: A Competitor for Diamond?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have calculated the thermal conductivities (?) of cubic III-V boron compounds using a predictive first principles approach. Boron arsenide is found to have a remarkable room temperature ? over 2000??W?m-1?K-1; this is comparable to those in diamond and graphite, which are the highest bulk values known. We trace this behavior in boron arsenide to an interplay of certain basic vibrational properties that lie outside of the conventional guidelines in searching for high ? materials, and to relatively weak phonon-isotope scattering. We also find that cubic boron nitride and boron antimonide will have high ? with isotopic purification. This work provides new insight into the nature of thermal transport at a quantitative level and predicts a new ultrahigh ? material of potential interest for passive cooling applications.

L. Lindsay; D. A. Broido; T. L. Reinecke

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

489

First principles calculation of polarization induced interfacial charges in GaN/AlN heterostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new method to calculate polarization induced interfacial charges in semiconductor heterostructures using classical electrostatics applied to real-space band diagrams from first principles calculations and apply it to GaN/AlN heterostructures with ultrathin AlN layers (4-6 monolayers). We show that the calculated electric fields and interfacial charges are independent of the exchange-correlation functionals used (local-density approximation and hybrid functionals). We also find the calculated interfacial charge of (6.8 +/- 0.4) x 10^13 cm-2 to be in excellent agreement with experiments and the value of 6.58 x 10^13 cm-2 calculated from bulk polarization constants, validating the use of bulk constants even for very thin films.

Rohan Mishra; Oscar D. Restrepo; Siddharth Rajan; Wolfgang Windl

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

490

Problem-free time-dependent variational principle for open quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods of quantum nuclear wave-function dynamics have become very efficient in simulating large isolated systems using the time-dependent variational principle (TDVP). However, a straightforward extension of the TDVP to the density matrix framework gives rise to methods that do not conserve the energy in the isolated system limit and the total system population for open systems where only energy exchange with the environment is allowed. These problems arise when the system density is in a mixed state and is simulated using an incomplete basis. Thus, the basis set incompleteness, which is inevitable in practical calculations, creates artificial channels for energy and population dissipation. To overcome this unphysical behavior, we have introduced a constrained Lagrangian formulation of TDVP applied to the non-stochastic open system Schrodinger equation (NOSSE) [L. Joubert-Doriol, I. G. Ryabinkin, and A. F. Izmaylov, J. Chem. Phys. 141, 234112 (2014)]. While our formulation can be applied to any variational a...

Joubert-Doriol, Loic

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Detection of nucleic acids by graphene-based devices: A first-principles study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on first-principles quantum transport calculations, we design a graphene-based biosensor device, which is composed of graphene nanoribbons electrodes and a biomolecule. It is found that when different nucleobases or poly nucleobase chains are located in the nanogap, the device presents completely different transport properties, showing different current informations. And the change of currents from 2 to 5 orders of magnitude for four different nucleobases suggests a great ability of discrimination by utilizing such a device. The physical mechanism of this phenomenon originates from their different chemical composition and structure. Moreover, we also explore the coupling effect of several neighboring bases and the size effect of the nanogap on transport properties. Our results show the possibility of rapid sequencing DNA by measuring such a transverse-current of the device, and provide a new idea for sequencing DNA.

Zhang, Hua [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); School of Physics and Electronic Science, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410114 (China); Xu, Hui, E-mail: xuhui@csu.edu.cn, E-mail: ouyangfp06@tsinghua.org.cn; Ni, Xiang; Lin Peng, Sheng; Liu, Qi; Ping OuYang, Fang, E-mail: xuhui@csu.edu.cn, E-mail: ouyangfp06@tsinghua.org.cn [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

492

Inferring metabolic phenotypes from the exometabolome through a thermodynamic variational principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Networks of biochemical reactions, like cellular metabolic networks, are kept in non-equilibrium steady states by the exchange fluxes connecting them to the environment. In most cases, feasible flux configurations can be derived from minimal mass-balance assumptions upon prescribing in- and out-take fluxes. Here we consider the problem of inferring intracellular flux patterns from extracellular metabolite levels. Resorting to a thermodynamic out of equilibrium variational principle to describe the network at steady state, we show that the switch from fermentative to oxidative phenotypes in cells can be characterized in terms of the glucose, lactate, oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations. Results obtained for an exactly solvable toy model are fully recovered for a large scale reconstruction of human catabolism. Finally we argue that, in spite of the many approximations involved in the theory, available data for several human cell types are well described by the predicted phenotypic map of the problem.

De Martino, Daniele; De Martino, Andrea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Human Factors Principles in Design of Computer-Mediated Visualization for Robot Missions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With increased use of robots as a resource in missions supporting countermine, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and chemical, biological, radiological nuclear and conventional explosives (CBRNE), fully understanding the best means by which to complement the human operator’s underlying perceptual and cognitive processes could not be more important. Consistent with control and display integration practices in many other high technology computer-supported applications, current robotic design practices rely highly upon static guidelines and design heuristics that reflect the expertise and experience of the individual designer. In order to use what we know about human factors (HF) to drive human robot interaction (HRI) design, this paper reviews underlying human perception and cognition principles and shows how they were applied to a threat detection domain.

David I Gertman; David J Bruemmer

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Doping dependence of thermoelectric performance in Mo3Sb7: first principles calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effects of doping Mo3Sb7 with transition metals (Ni,Fe,Co,Ru) via first principles calculations, including electronic structure, lattice dynamics and Boltzmann transport. We find heavy-mass bands and large, rapidly varying density-of-states, generally favorable for high thermopower, near the band gap of this material. Transport calculations predict large Seebeck coefficients exceeding 300 $\\mu$V/K in a wide temperature range above 500 K (a range suitable for waste heat recovery), if the material can be doped into a semiconducting state. These thermopowers are much higher than those that have previously been experimentally observed; we find that performance exceeding current limits may be found at lower carrier concentration than achieved presently. We also discuss the selection of dopant and the potential thermoelectric performance of optimally doped Mo3Sb7.

Singh, David J [ORNL; Parker, David S [ORNL; Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Energy efficiency and the economists: The case for a policy based on economic principles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

People interested in energy policy, whether in business, finance, government, or the environmental movement, should welcome and support an approach based on economic principles for three reasons. By solving the financing problem and encouraging innovation and cost-efficiency, the economic-efficiency approach will enable all countries to meet energy demands. By giving proper weight to the development and use of low-polluting technologies this approach will enable reduction of local and, over the long-term global pollution as energy demands grow. And in developing countries especially, an economic approach will enable the industry to play its part in raising living standards for the population at large. Given good policies, there is no reason at all why developing countries, like the industrial countries before them, should not enjoy the benefits of much higher levels of energy consumption than they do today.

Anderson, D. [The World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Design of a speed meter interferometer proof-of-principle experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The second generation of large scale interferometric gravitational wave detectors will be limited by quantum noise over a wide frequency range in their detection band. Further sensitivity improvements for future upgrades or new detectors beyond the second generation motivate the development of measurement schemes to mitigate the impact of quantum noise in these instruments. Two strands of development are being pursued to reach this goal, focusing both on modifications of the well-established Michelson detector configuration and development of different detector topologies. In this paper, we present the design of the world's first Sagnac speed meter interferometer which is currently being constructed at the University of Glasgow. With this proof-of-principle experiment we aim to demonstrate the theoretically predicted lower quantum noise in a Sagnac interferometer compared to an equivalent Michelson interferometer, to qualify Sagnac speed meters for further research towards an implementation in a future generation large scale gravitational wave detector, such as the planned Einstein Telescope observatory.

C. Gräf; B. W. Barr; A. S. Bell; F. Campbell; A. V. Cumming; S. L. Danilishin; N. A. Gordon; G. D. Hammond; J. Hennig; E. A. Houston; S. H. Huttner; R. A. Jones; S. S. Leavey; H. Lück; J. Macarthur; M. Marwick; S. Rigby; R. Schilling; B. Sorazu; A. Spencer; S. Steinlechner; K. A. Strain; S. Hild

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

497

Cryogenic test of a proof-of-principle superconducting rf-dipole deflecting and crabbing cavity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent applications in need of compact low-frequency deflecting and crabbing cavities have initiated the design and development of new superconducting structures operating at high gradients with low losses. Previously, TM110-type deflecting and crabbing cavities were developed and have also been operated successfully. However, these geometries are not favorable designs for low operating frequencies. The superconducting rf-dipole cavity is the first compact deflecting and crabbing geometry that has demonstrated high gradients and high shunt impedance. Since the fundamental operating mode is the lowest mode and is widely separated from the nearest higher order mode, the rf-dipole design is an attractive geometry for effective damping of the higher order modes in high current applications. A 400 MHz rf-dipole cavity was designed, fabricated, and tested as a proof-of-principle cavity. The cavity achieved high operating gradients, and the multipacting levels were easily processed and did not reoccur.

S. U. De Silva and J. R. Delayen

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

498

GMR in magnetic multilayers from a first principles band structure Kubo-Greenwood approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors employ the Kubo-Greenwood formula to investigate from first-principles the giant magnetoresistance in Fe{sub m}M{sub n} (M = V, Cr, Mn and Cu) superlattices. The results indicate that MR can arise from band structure changes from ferromagnetic to anti-ferromagnetic alignments. Quantum confinement in the perpendicular direction is induced by the potential steps between the Fe and spacer layers and causes a much larger MR in the current-perpendicular-to-the-plane (CPP) geometry than in the current-in-plane (CIP) geometry. In the presence of the spin-orbit coupling interaction, MR is found to be reduced by spin-channel mixing.

Rao, F.; Freeman, A.J. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy] [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

First-Principles Study of Back Contact Effects on CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forming a chemically stable low-resistance back contact for CdTe thin-film solar cells is critically important to the cell performance. This paper reports theoretical study of the effects of the back-contact material, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, on the performance of the CdTe solar cells. First-principles calculations show that Sb impurities in p-type CdTe are donors and can diffuse with low diffusion barrier. There properties are clearly detrimental to the solar-cell performance. The Sb segregation into the grain boundaries may be required to explain the good efficiencies for the CdTe solar cells with Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} back contacts.

Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Electronic and magnetic properties of graphene absorbed with S atom: A first-principles study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stable configuration, electronic structures, and magnetic behaviors for S adsorption on graphene have been investigated by first-principles calculations. It is found that the adsorption site of S on graphene is coverage dependent. As the increase of coverage from 0 to 0.5 ML, the preferred site is changed from bridge to hollow site. For the adsorption of S at bridge site, no magnetic moment is detected, and the adsorption is characterized by strong hybridization between the S 2s state and graphene ? states. For the adsorption of S at hollow site, a magnetic moment of 1.98 ?B was induced. In this case, the hybridization occurs between S 2p states and graphene ? states. Furthermore, from the investigation of the surface potential energy curve, we find that graphene is a suitable candidate for the S storage.

Zhou, Yungang; Zu, Xiaotao T.; Gao, Fei; Xiao, H. Y.; Lv, H. F.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z