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  1. HLW Return from France to Germany - 15 Years of Experience in Public Acceptance and Technical Aspects - 12149

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graf, Wilhelm

    2012-07-01

    Since in 1984 the national reprocessing concept was abandoned the reprocessing abroad was the only existing disposal route until 1994. With the amendment of the Atomic Energy Act in 2001 spent fuel management changed completely since from 1 June 2005 any delivery of spent fuel to reprocessing plants was prohibited and the direct disposal of spent fuel became mandatory. Until 2005 the total amount of spent fuel to be reprocessed abroad added up to 6080 t HM, 5309 t HM thereof in France. The waste generated from reprocessing - alternatively an equivalent amount of radioactive material - has to be returned to the country of origin according to the commercial contracts signed between the German utilities and COGEMA, now AREVA NC, in France and BNFL, now INS in UK. In addition the German and the French government exchanged notes with the obligation of both sides to enable and support the return of reprocessing residues or equivalents to Germany. The return of high active vitrified waste from La Hague to the interim storage facility at Gorleben was demanding from the technical view i. e. the cask design and the transport. Unfortunately the Gorleben area served as a target for nuclear opponents from the first transport in 1996 to the latest one in 2011. The protection against sabotage of the railway lines and mass protests needed highly improved security measures. In France and Germany special working forces and projects have been set up to cope with this extraordinary situation. A complex transport organization was established to involve all parties in line with the German and French requirements during transport. The last transport of vitrified residues from France has been completed successfully so far thus confirming the efficiency of the applied measures. Over 15 years there was and still is worldwide no comparable situation it is still unique. Summing up, the exceptional project handling challenge that resulted from the continuous anti-nuclear civil disobedience in Germany over the whole 15-year long project running time could be faced efficiently. It has to be concluded that despite of all problems the anti-nuclear activities have caused so far, all transports of vitrified HLW have always been completed successfully by adapting the commonly established safety, security and public acceptance measures to the special conditions and needs in Germany and coordinating the activities of all parties involved but at the expense of high costs for industry and government and a challenging operational complexity. Apart from an anticipatory project planning a good communication between all involved industrial parties and the French and the German government was the key to the effective management of such shipments and to minimize the radiological, economic, environmental, public and political impact. The future will show how efficiently the gained experience can be used for further return projects which are to be realized since no reprocessed waste has yet been returned from UK and neither the medium-level nor the low-level radioactive waste has been transferred from France to Germany. (author)

  2. Germany

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Germany - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy

  3. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AMF to measure radiative, cloud, convection, and aerosol characteristics over mainland India for a 10-month campaign. Most of the AMF instrumentation will be operated from the...

  4. Perseus (Germany) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Perseus (Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Perseus (Germany) Name: Perseus (Germany) Address: Schumannstrasse 4 Place: Munich, Germany Zip: D-81679 Product: Private equity...

  5. Immosolar Germany | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Immosolar Germany Name: Immosolar Germany Address: Valentinskamp 24 Place: Hamburg, Germany Sector: Solar Product: Solar energy systems...

  6. Solaire France | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solaire France Place: France Sector: Solar Product: Its current activities focus on the industrial use of solar energy to produce electric...

  7. MHH France | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MHH France Jump to: navigation, search Name: MHH France Place: Toulouse, France Zip: F-31300 Product: Toulouse-based installer of PV systems and distributer of all components...

  8. Solaire France International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France International Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solaire France International Place: France Sector: Solar Product: International subsidiary of Solaire France, a developer and...

  9. Partech International (France) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Partech International (France) Name: Partech International (France) Address: 12 rue de Penthivre Place: Paris, France Zip: 75008...

  10. Enex Power Germany | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Germany Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enex Power Germany Place: Geretsried, Germany Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Germany-based subsidiary of Enex Power, developing...

  11. GE Wind Energy Germany | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Germany Jump to: navigation, search Name: GE Wind Energy Germany Place: Salzbergen, Germany Zip: 48499 Sector: Wind energy Product: Germany-based, division of GE Wind Energy...

  12. Electricite de France | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electricite de France Jump to: navigation, search Name: Electricite de France Region: France Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Year Founded: 1946 Website: http: This company is...

  13. Frances Beinecke | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Frances Beinecke About Us Frances Beinecke - President of Natural Resources Defense Council Photo of Frances Beinecke Frances Beinecke is the president of NRDC. Under Ms. Beinecke's leadership, the organization has launched a new strategic campaign that sharply focuses NRDC's efforts on establishing a clean energy future that curbs climate change, reviving the world's oceans, defending endangered wildlife and wild places, protecting our health by preventing pollution, fostering sustainable

  14. Greenpeace Energy Germany | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greenpeace Energy Germany Jump to: navigation, search Name: Greenpeace Energy Germany Place: Hamburg, Germany Zip: 29357 Product: German sustainable energy provider Coordinates:...

  15. Frances A. Houle - JCAP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    People Profiles Harry A. Atwater Theodor Agapie Joel W. Ager III Alexis T. Bell Marco Bernardi Bruce Brunschwig Walter Drisdell William A. Goddard III John Gregoire Robert Howard Grubbs Joel A. Haber Martin P. Head-Gordon John C. Hemminger Frances A. Houle Thomas Jaramillo Clifford P. Kubiak Hans Joachim Lewerenz Nathan S. Lewis Daniel J. Miller Thomas Francis Miller III Jeffrey B. Neaton Jens K. Norskov Kristin A. Persson Jonas C. Peters Ian D. Sharp Manuel P. Soriaga Francesca Maria Toma F.

  16. Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    276,000,000 Barrels (bbl) 54 2010 CIA World Factbook Energy Maps featuring Germany PV Solar Resource: U.S., Germany and Spain PV Solar Resource - US, Spain and Germany Germany...

  17. Germany knows mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-11-15

    Whether it is the nuance of precision or robust rock breaking strength, German suppliers have the expertise. Germany has about 120 companies in the mining equipment industry, employing some 16,000 people. The article describes some recent developments of the following companies: DBT, Liebherr, Atlas Copco, BASF, Boart Longyear, Eickhoff, IBS, Maschinenfabrik Glueckauf, Komatsu, TAKRA, Terex O & R, Thyssen Krupp Foerdertechnik and Wirtgen. 7 photos.

  18. AMF Deployment, Black Forest, Germany

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Germany Black Forest Deployment AMF Home Black Forest Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments CERA COPS Data University of Hohenheim COPS Website COPS Update, April 2009...

  19. Solarsa India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solarsa India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solarsa India Ltd Place: India Sector: Solar Product: Solarsa subsidiary in India References: Solarsa India Ltd1 This article...

  20. Germany Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Germany Geothermal Region Details Areas (1) Power Plants (0) Projects (0) Techniques (0)...

  1. Berlin, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Berlin, Germany Ecologic Institute German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety Registered Energy Companies in Berlin, Germany 8KU...

  2. WorldWide Science.org

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Honduras India Indonesia Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Latvia Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico ...

  3. U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Republic of Korea Norway Russian Federation South Africa United Kingdom United States Australia Austria Brazil Canada China European Commission France Germany Iceland India Italy ...

  4. UPDATED ADVISORY: Clean Energy Ministerial Photo Now at 11:15...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    invited from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, China, the Republic of Korea,...

  5. Mesa del Sol Project Is Finalist for International Smart Grid...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... Belgium, Canada, China, Finland, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, ...

  6. WWS_LorrieC157L_0915

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cameroon Canada Chile China Colombia Congo Cote d'lvoire Cuba Czech Republic Denmark Egypt Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Honduras India Indonesia...

  7. Energy Secretary Moniz Launches Initiatives to Advance Clean...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Under the CEM Global Lighting Challenge, Australia, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Korea, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, the United States, and the ...

  8. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  9. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  10. Superconductivity Conference Held

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    scientific community. About 200 scientists from 14 countries attended: United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, France, The Netherlands, Sweden, India, Israel,...

  11. Ethanol India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ethanol India Place: Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India Sector: Biofuels Product: Maharashtra-based biofuels consultancy firm. References: Ethanol...

  12. R and D in France and in Western Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bastin, A.J.F. )

    1991-06-01

    This paper deals with worldwide electric utility R and D, but focuses on France first, and not on Western Europe as a whole. Apart from the fact that the R and D of European utilities hardly show a homogeneous set, there are four basic reasons. To begin with, France represents roughly 20 percent of Western Europe by itself. Germany, now extended to the late DDR, is the only country to have a larger share. Second, Electricite de France (EDF) is the largest electric utility worldwide, with annual sales of about 410 TWh. Third, EDF has consistently shown one of the lowest electricity prices: as an average .44 FF par kWh (about $.08 per kWh) which comes up on comparing the 410 TWh sales with a 165 GFF turnover. Beyond these three points, which are more or less permanent, it appears that both EDF and its R and D division have been stable over the last three years. So the French power system is the largest subsystem in Western Europe where a single well-defined R and D policy can be described and assessed; this is what the authors are going to do now.

  13. MSM Solar India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar India Jump to: navigation, search Name: MSM Solar India Place: India Sector: Solar Product: JV company to develop solar projects. References: MSM Solar India1 This article...

  14. European Wind Atlas: France | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontenteuropean-wind-atlas-france,http:cle Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance This...

  15. Westport Germany GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westport Germany GmbH Place: Germany Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Germany-based, regional office of Westport Innovations that develops and...

  16. Etelligence (Smart Grid Project) (Cuxhaven, Germany) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Cuxhaven, Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Etelligence Country Germany Headquarters Location Cuxhaven, Germany Coordinates 53.861702, 8.694068 Loading map......

  17. EEnergy Project "MeRegio" (Smart Grid Project) (Freiamt, Germany...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Freiamt, Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EEnergy Project "MeRegio" Country Germany Headquarters Location Freiamt, Germany Coordinates 48.170155, 7.906666...

  18. EEnergy Project "MeRegio" (Smart Grid Project) (Ettenheim, Germany...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ettenheim, Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EEnergy Project "MeRegio" Country Germany Headquarters Location Ettenheim, Germany Coordinates 48.252537, 7.813286...

  19. GE Global Research Europe in Munich, Germany

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Munich, Germany Munich, Germany With a hand in nearly all GE research fields, this center is a hub of commercial and industrial science and technology innovation. Click to email...

  20. NEPC India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NEPC India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: NEPC India Ltd Place: Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600 002 Product: India-based PV module manufacturer. References: NEPC India Ltd1...

  1. Shell Solar India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shell Solar India Place: India Sector: Solar Product: Shell Solar India was created as Shell's solar energy business in India, but has been...

  2. Avignon, France: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Avignon, France: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3035681 Coordinates 43.95, 4.81667 Show Map Loading map......

  3. France: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name France Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 11.29 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FR 3-letter ISO code FRA Numeric ISO...

  4. Bonn, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bonn, Germany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2946447 Coordinates 50.7327045, 7.0963113 Show Map Loading map......

  5. Cologne, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cologne, Germany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2886242 Coordinates 50.93333, 6.95 Show Map Loading map......

  6. Wilhelmshaven, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wilhelmshaven, Germany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2808720 Coordinates 53.517063, 8.119749 Show Map Loading map......

  7. Arnstadt, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Arnstadt, Germany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2955439 Coordinates 50.83333, 10.95 Show Map Loading map......

  8. Hannover, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hannover, Germany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2910831 Coordinates 52.37052, 9.73322 Show Map Loading map......

  9. ProLogis France IX EURL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ProLogis France IX EURL Jump to: navigation, search Name: ProLogis France IX EURL Place: Aulnay-Sous-Bois Cedex, France Zip: 93614 Product: French subsidiary of ProLogis, a...

  10. Biodiesel Technologies India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biodiesel Technologies India Ltd. Place: Kolkata, West Bengal, India Zip: 700045 Product: Kolkata based manufacturer of biodiesel...

  11. Enhanced Biofuels Technologies India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biofuels Technologies India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enhanced Biofuels & Technologies India Place: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 641 029 Product: Tamil Nadu-based...

  12. India Biofuels Company IBFC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IBFC Jump to: navigation, search Name: India Biofuels Company (IBFC) Place: Madhya Pradesh, India Product: India-based company that intends to develop biofuel feedstock...

  13. Astha Projects India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Astha Projects India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Astha Projects (India) Ltd. Place: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500034 Sector: Hydro Product: Hyderabad-based...

  14. Suryachakra MSM Solar India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MSM Solar India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Suryachakra MSM Solar India Place: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500 033 Sector: Solar Product: Hyderabad-based JV with...

  15. New Ventures India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Jump to: navigation, search Name: New Ventures India Place: India Sector: Services Product: Services & Support (Clean Energy) ( Charity Non-profit Association )...

  16. Velcan Energy India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Velcan Energy India Ltd. Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 560 024 Sector: Biomass Product: Indian subsidiary of French...

  17. Sunwatt Group India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sunwatt Group India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sunwatt Group (India) Place: Hyderabad, India Zip: 500 062 Sector: Solar Product: Hyderabad-based solar company involved in...

  18. Central Bank of India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Bank of India Place: DELHI, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110002 Product: Retail bank closely conencted with social development through...

  19. Clenergen India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clenergen India Pvt Ltd Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600 031 Sector: Biomass Product: Chennai-based wholly owned...

  20. Allgreen Energy India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Allgreen Energy India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Allgreen Energy India Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Sector: Biomass Product: Bangalore-based biomass power project...

  1. USHA India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    USHA India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: USHA (India) Ltd. Place: Faridabad, Haryana, India Zip: 121003 Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of semiconductors and industrial...

  2. Bhagyanagar India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bhagyanagar India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bhagyanagar India Ltd Place: Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500003 Product: Focused on ferrous and non-ferrous...

  3. LANL monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANL monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France LANL monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France The Lab is monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France. There are no known imminent threats to DOE sites or personnel. November 13, 2015 LANL monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France Los Alamos National Laboratory LANL monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France The Laboratory is monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France. Security officials are

  4. United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage PDF icon Joint Statement ...

  5. Solar Atlas (PACA Region - France) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Atlas (PACA Region - France) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar Atlas (PACA Region - France) AgencyCompany Organization: MINES ParisTech Sector:...

  6. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (France...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country France Coordinates 45.897655, 2.021484 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingser...

  7. Address (Smart Grid Project) (France) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    France) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Address Country France Coordinates 46.073231, 2.427979 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"R...

  8. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Germany...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Germany Coordinates 51.165691, 10.451526 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  9. Indsolar India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Place: Ranchi, India Product: Setting up a 5MW STEG plant in Bihar. Coordinates: 23.34059, 85.3175 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps...

  10. BP Energy India Private Limited BPEIPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Private Limited BPEIPL Jump to: navigation, search Name: BP Energy India Private Limited (BPEIPL) Place: India Sector: Wind energy Product: India-based, subsidiary of Green...

  11. New Delhi, India: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India RE News India Registered Energy Companies in New Delhi, India Enviro Energy Enterprises India National Hydrogen Energy Board NHEB Indian Ministry of New and Renewable...

  12. Munich, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Companies in Munich, Germany ACTANOL Service Ltd Allianz Climate Solutions ACS GmbH Amann GmbH BMW BayWa Group Centrosolar Group AG FutureCamp GmBH Mepsolar AG aka...

  13. Hamburg, Germany: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hamburg, Germany: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2911298 Coordinates 53.55, 10 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappin...

  14. United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage August 29, 2013 - 1:36pm ...

  15. GTZ CDM India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CDM India Jump to: navigation, search Name: GTZ CDM-India Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110049 Product: Delhi-based firm that actively cooperates with the National CDM...

  16. EDeMa (Smart Grid Project) (Krefeld, Germany) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Krefeld, Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EDeMa Country Germany Headquarters Location Krefeld, Germany Coordinates 50.652943, 6.339111 Loading map......

  17. Employee Spotlight: Dances of India

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Career Jobs» Career Stories» Employee Spotlight» Alina Deshpande Alina Deshpande-Dances of India Lab scientist Alina Deshpande teaches classical Indian dance and writes, produces, directs and choreographs an annual benefit performance in Los Alamos. deshpande deshpande deshpande deshpande deshpande deshpande deshpande 12 3 45 67 "My goal for the Dances of India benefit event is not only to raise money for worthy organizations but to showcase my students." Dances of India Each

  18. AMF Deployment, Ganges Valley, India

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    India Ganges Valley Deployment AMF Home Ganges Valley Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Campaign Images Experiment Planning GVAX Full Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Science Plan Field Campaign Report Outreach GVAX Backgrounder (PDF, 1.4MB) News Education Flyer (PDF, 2.1MB) AMF Poster, 2011 Images Contacts V. Rao Kotamarthi AMF Deployment, Ganges Valley, India GVAX will take place in the Ganges Valley region of India, gathering cloud and aerosol data. Location: 29° 21'

  19. Enercon India Ltd EIL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 400 058 Sector: Services, Wind energy Product: String representation "Enercon India L ... Andhra Pradesh." is too long. References: Enercon India Ltd. (EIL)1 This article...

  20. India Wind Power Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Ltd Place: Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Zip: 380054 Product: Ahmedabad-based turbine manufacturer and project developer. References: India Wind Power Ltd1 This article is...

  1. Solar India Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 530016 Sector: Efficiency Product: Andhra-based energy efficiency consultant. References: Solar India Solutions1 This article is a stub....

  2. India's Integrated Energy Policy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name India's Integrated Energy Policy AgencyCompany Organization Government of India Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy...

  3. Trans India Acquisition Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Acquisition Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Trans-India Acquisition Corporation Place: Delaware Sector: Solar Product: Blank check company to be merged with...

  4. Kenersys India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kenersys India Pvt. Ltd Place: Pune, Maharashtra, India Zip: 411036 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind power division of the Kalyani Group....

  5. Wescare India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wescare (India) Ltd. Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600018 Sector: Wind energy Product: Chennai-based wind project developer....

  6. Tata BP Solar India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Tata BP Solar India Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 561 229 Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of PV cells and modules, and solar passive products....

  7. Technicom Chemie India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Ltd Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110024 Sector: Solar Product: Packaging machinery firm foraying into solar energy equipment via a joint venture with Manz...

  8. Employee Spotlight: Dances of India

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jobs Career Stories Employee Spotlight Alina Deshpande Alina Deshpande-Dances of India Lab scientist Alina Deshpande teaches classical Indian dance and writes, produces,...

  9. Cairn India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gurgaon, Haryana, India Zip: 122 002 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Gurgaon-based oil and gas exploration company with new interests in renewable energy. Coordinates:...

  10. India's Worsening Uranium Shortage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, Michael M.

    2007-01-15

    As a result of NSG restrictions, India cannot import the natural uranium required to fuel its Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs); consequently, it is forced to rely on the expediency of domestic uranium production. However, domestic production from mines and byproduct sources has not kept pace with demand from commercial reactors. This shortage has been officially confirmed by the Indian Planning Commissions Mid-Term Appraisal of the countrys current Five Year Plan. The report stresses that as a result of the uranium shortage, Indian PHWR load factors have been continually decreasing. The Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) operates a number of underground mines in the Singhbhum Shear Zone of Jharkhand, and it is all processed at a single mill in Jaduguda. UCIL is attempting to aggrandize operations by establishing new mines and mills in other states, but the requisite permit-gathering and development time will defer production until at least 2009. A significant portion of Indias uranium comes from byproduct sources, but a number of these are derived from accumulated stores that are nearing exhaustion. A current maximum estimate of indigenous uranium production is 430t/yr (230t from mines and 200t from byproduct sources); whereas, the current uranium requirement for Indian PHWRs is 455t/yr (depending on plant capacity factor). This deficit is exacerbated by the additional requirements of the Indian weapons program. Present power generation capacity of Indian nuclear plants is 4350 MWe. The power generation target set by the Indian Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is 20,000 MWe by the year 2020. It is expected that around half of this total will be provided by PHWRs using indigenously supplied uranium with the bulk of the remainder provided by breeder reactors or pressurized water reactors using imported low-enriched uranium.

  11. EM Gains Insight from Germany on Salt-Based Repositories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    KARLSRUHE and PEINE, Germany – EM officials recently took part in workshops in Germany to benefit from the exchange of research and experience operating salt-based repositories for radioactive waste.

  12. Israel: A Source of Innovation for GE |GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... "There are more Israeli companies on the tech-oriented NASDAQ than Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and India combined" ...wow...superwow...gg A photo of Oded Meirav. ...

  13. Sanraa Media Limited India formerly Sanra Software | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sanraa Media Limited India formerly Sanra Software Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sanraa Media Limited India (formerly Sanra Software) Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip:...

  14. Asia Carbon Emission Management India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia Carbon Emission Management India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Asia Carbon Emission Management India Pvt Ltd Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600 034 Sector:...

  15. Ecolutions Carbon India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecolutions Carbon India Pvt. Ltd. Place: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Zip: 400 071 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Mumbai-based firm...

  16. High Energy Batteries India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Batteries India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: High Energy Batteries (India) Ltd Place: Chennai, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 600096 Product: Manufacturer of...

  17. Mission Biofuels India Pvt Ltd MBIPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biofuels India Pvt Ltd MBIPL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mission Biofuels India Pvt Ltd (MBIPL) Place: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Zip: 400076 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  18. National Clean Development Mechanism Office India | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Mechanism Office India Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Clean Development Mechanism Office (India) Place: New Delhi, India Product: The Designated National...

  19. Netpro Renewable Energy India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Netpro Renewable Energy India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Netpro Renewable Energy (India) Ltd Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 560080 Sector: Biomass, Renewable...

  20. India-NETL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Logo: India-NETL Cooperation Name India-NETL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Energy Technology Laboratory Partner India, USAID Sector...

  1. Belectric Solar India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belectric Solar India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Belectric Solar India Pvt. Ltd. Place: Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 500 015 Sector: Solar Product:...

  2. Decentralised Energy Systems India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Decentralised Energy Systems India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Decentralised Energy Systems India Pvt Ltd Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 560032 Sector:...

  3. Iflect Technologies India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Iflect Technologies India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iflect Technologies India Pvt. Ltd Place: Navi Mumbai, India Zip: 400706 Sector: Solar Product: Mumbai-based...

  4. Cosmo Consulting India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cosmo Consulting India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cosmo Consulting India Pvt. Ltd. Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110 017 Sector: Hydro Product:...

  5. EnviTec Biogas India Private Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Private Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: EnviTec Biogas India Private Limited Place: India Product: Manufacturer of anaerobic digesters. References: EnviTec Biogas India...

  6. Energy R and D in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runci, PJ

    1999-11-01

    Germany's total national (i.e., combined public and private sector) funding for R&D stood at $42 billion in 1997. The private sector accounted for nearly 62% ($24 billion) of the total, while the public sector accounted for approximately 38%. Since the late 1970s, when the public and private sectors each funded roughly half of Germany's R&D, the private sector has steadily assumed a larger and larger role as the dominant supporter of R&D activity, while overall government funding has remained essentially flat for much of the past two decades. In addition to declining relative to private R&D expenditures, public R&D expenditures in Germany declined by 4% in real terms between 1991 and 1997, to approximately $15 billion. The reduction in R&D investments in the public sector can be attributed in large part to the financial challenges associated with German reunification and related shifts in social priorities including efforts to address high unemployment and to rebuild basic infrastructure in the eastern states. R&D expenditures have also declined as a percentage of the total public budget, from a peak of 3.4% in 1985 to 2.7% in 1996. Energy R&D has been the hardest hit of all major socioeconomic areas of R&D expenditure funded by the German government. Between 1981 and 1997, public energy R&D fell from approximately $1.6 billion to $400 million--a 75% real decline. The $850 million reduction in Germany's fission R&D budget (which constituted two-thirds of government R&D investment in 1985) explains some 90% of the funding decline. Negative public perceptions regarding the safety and environmental impacts of nuclear energy have reduced nuclear power's viability as a long-term energy option for Germany. Discussions of a complete nuclear phaseout are now under way. At the same time, the German government has slashed its investments in fossil energy R&D by more than 90%. While energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies have fared relatively well in comparison with other energy technology areas, government support for all areas of energy R&D has declined in absolute terms since 1990. Remaining public and private sector energy R&D investments focus increasingly technology demonstration and commercialization efforts with relatively short time horizons.

  7. on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, Cannes, France,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at the Xlth International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, Cannes, France, July 3-8, 1978 LBL-7395 'A INTERNAL ENERGY DEPENDENCE OF MOLECULAR CONDENSATION COEFFICIENTS DETERMINED FROM MOLECULAR BEAM SURFACE SCATTERING EXPERIMENTS Steven J. Sibener and Yuan T. Lee May 1978 Prepared for the U. S. Department of Energy under Contract W-7405-ENG-48 MASTER '.T"V(rvra »" ■ LEGAL NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. Neither the

  8. United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... In September 2007 China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States hosted the second GNEP Ministerial in Vienna, Austria where 35 countries and three intergovernmental ...

  9. US, UK, France Discuss Stockpile Stewardship, Arms Control and...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    UK, France Discuss Stockpile Stewardship, Arms Control and Nonproliferation and Visit the Nevada National Security Site | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter...

  10. Comparison of the incentives used to stimulate energy production in Japan, France, West Germany, and the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, R.J.; Sommers, P.; Eschbach, C.; Sheppard, W.J.; Lenerz, D.E.; Huelshoff, M.; Marcus, A.A.

    1981-09-01

    This volume represents the culmination of a five-year research effort examining the incentives used to stimulate energy production in four countries, and the incentives used to stimulate energy consumption in one country. Following the theoretical approach developed for studying US energy incentives, the researchers in each country classified incentives into the following six categories: (1) Taxation, including exemption from or reduction of existing taxes; (2) Disbursements, in which the national government distributes money without requiring anything in return; (3) Requirements, including demands made by the government, backed by civil or criminal sanctions; (4) Traditional Services, including those almost always provided exclusively by a governmental entity; (5) Nontraditional Services, including those sometimes performed by non-governmental entities, as well as governmental entities (e.g., research and development); and (6) Market Activities, including government involvement in the market under conditions similar to those faced by non-governmental producers or consumers. A complete list of research reports prepared in the Federal Incentives series is provided in the Appendix.

  11. Quantitative comparison between PGNAA measurements and MCNP calculations in view of the characterization of radioactive wastes in Germany and France

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mauerhofer, E.; Havenith, A.; Kettler, J.; Carasco, C.; Payan, E.; Ma, J. L.; Perot, B.

    2013-04-19

    The Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (FZJ), together with the Aachen University Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) and the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA Cadarache) are involved in a cooperation aiming at characterizing toxic and reactive elements in radioactive waste packages by means of Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA). The French and German waste management agencies have indeed defined acceptability limits concerning these elements in view of their projected geological repositories. A first measurement campaign was performed in the new Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA) facility called MEDINA, at FZJ, to assess the capture gamma-ray signatures of some elements of interest in large samples up to waste drums with a volume of 200 liter. MEDINA is the acronym for Multi Element Detection based on Instrumental Neutron Activation. This paper presents MCNP calculations of the MEDINA facility and quantitative comparison between measurement and simulation. Passive gamma-ray spectra acquired with a high purity germanium detector and calibration sources are used to qualify the numerical model of the crystal. Active PGNAA spectra of a sodium chloride sample measured with MEDINA then allow for qualifying the global numerical model of the measurement cell. Chlorine indeed constitutes a usual reference with reliable capture gamma-ray production data. The goal is to characterize the entire simulation protocol (geometrical model, nuclear data, and postprocessing tools) which will be used for current measurement interpretation, extrapolation of the performances to other types of waste packages or other applications, as well as for the study of future PGNAA facilities.

  12. EERE Clean Energy Collaborations with India Play Key Role in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EERE Clean Energy Collaborations with India Play Key Role in U.S.-India Energy Dialogue EERE Clean Energy Collaborations with India Play Key Role in U.S.-India Energy Dialogue ...

  13. Green Elephant India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Elephant India Pvt Ltd Place: India Product: Plans to finance, own and operate biogas plants in India. References: Green Elephant India Pvt Ltd1 This article is a stub....

  14. US-India FOA submission form | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US-India FOA submission form US-India FOA submission form US-India FOA PDF icon US-India FOA submission form More Documents & Publications Request for Mediation Intake Form US-India S&T Agreement US-India FOA

  15. MHK Projects/Munich Germany SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Munich Germany SHP < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP"...

  16. MHK Projects/Rosenheim Germany SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rosenheim Germany SHP < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADM...

  17. Status of wind energy in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerdes, G.; Molly, J.P.; Rehfeldt, K.

    1996-12-31

    By the end of 1995 in total 3655 wind turbines (WT`s) were installed in Germany with a total capacity of 1,136 MW. In the year 1995 alone the WT installations grew by 1,070 units with 505 MW. About 40% of the 1995 installations were sold to inland states of Germany with their lower wind speed potential. This fast development occurred in parallel to continuously reduced local state and federal subsidies. The further development is based mainly on the guaranteed reimbursement due to the Electricity Feed Law. But since some time the electricity utilities fight back on all legal and political levels to get cancelled the unloved Electricity Feed Law and since two years the building construction law with the foreseen privilege for WT`s is discussed without any result. All these difficulties affect investors and credit giving banks in such a negative way, that the further annual increase in wind power installation for 1996 could be 10 to 20% less than in 1995. Many of the new commercial Megawatt WT`s have pitch control and variable rotor speed which cause better electrical power quality and lower life time loads. From statistical evaluations on technical data of WT`s a good overview of the further development is derived. 8 refs., 10 figs.

  18. EM Delegation Shares Lessons Learned on Tour in France

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A senior-level delegation led by EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga recently toured nuclear cleanup facilities in France, including a disposal site and a laboratory researching a potential underground radioactive waste repository.

  19. Under Secretary Albright in India Highlights U.S.-India Energy Cooperation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Albright in India Highlights U.S.-India Energy Cooperation Under Secretary Albright in India Highlights U.S.-India Energy Cooperation April 4, 2008 - 2:47pm Addthis Signs Historic Agreement to Promote Gas Hydrates as a Clean Alternative Energy Source NEW DELHI, INDIA - U.S. Under Secretary of Energy Clarence "Bud" Albright, Jr. today co-chaired the fourth meeting of the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue with Indian Foreign Minister Shivshankar Menon in New Delhi,

  20. Under Secretary of Energy Albright in India to Highlight U.S.-India Energy Cooperation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Under Secretary of Energy Clarence "Bud" Albright, Jr. will travel to New Delhi, India this week as part of the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue to highlight ongoing cooperation...

  1. Green India Renewables Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Renewables Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green India Renewables Pvt. Ltd. Place: Kochi, Kerala, India Zip: 682 011 Sector: Solar Product: Kochi-based firm that...

  2. Tree Oils India Ltd TOIL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tree Oils India Ltd TOIL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tree Oils India Ltd (TOIL) Place: Andhra Pradesh, India Zip: 502 226 Product: Andhra Pradesh-based firm engaged in the...

  3. Manz Automation India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Manz Automation India Pvt Ltd Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Product: JV set up to sell cell and module manufacturing and test...

  4. RS India Wind Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RS India Wind Energy Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RS India Wind Energy Pvt Ltd Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110001 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind...

  5. RRB Energy Ltd Vestas RRB India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RRB Energy Ltd Vestas RRB India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: RRB Energy Ltd. (Vestas RRB India Ltd.) Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600 078 Sector: Services, Wind...

  6. ZebaSolar India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ZebaSolar India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: ZebaSolar India Pvt. Ltd. Place: Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India Zip: 492001 Sector: Solar Product: Raipur-based firm setting...

  7. PV Technologies India Ltd Moser Baer Solar Plc | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Ltd Moser Baer Solar Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: PV Technologies India Ltd (Moser Baer Solar Plc) Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110020 Product: One of...

  8. Vayu Energy India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vayu Energy India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vayu Energy India Pvt Ltd. Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600089 Sector: Wind energy Product: Chennai-based wind...

  9. Nano tech Silicon India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    tech Silicon India Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nano-tech Silicon India Ltd Place: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Product: Nano-tech Silicon is a manufacturer of PV...

  10. Azure Power India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Azure Power India Pvt. Ltd. Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110048 Sector: Solar Product: New Delhi-based...

  11. Vestas Wind Tech India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tech India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vestas Wind Tech India Pvt. Ltd. Place: Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip: 600 119 Product: Chennai-based wholly-owned subsidiary...

  12. Fab City SPV India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fab City SPV India Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fab City SPV India Pvt Ltd Place: India Product: Hyderabad-based company charged with setting up the Fab City SPV. Fab...

  13. Policies for Renewable Energies/Biomass in India | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India AgencyCompany Organization Government of India Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics Policiesdeployment programs Website http:www.nri.orgprojectsbi...

  14. Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vision 2050: India Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India AgencyCompany Organization: National Institute for...

  15. Schneider Electric Conzerv India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 560100 Product: India-based manufacturer of energy management products including digital meters. References: Schneider Electric Conzerv India Pvt Ltd1 This article is a...

  16. India-Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development Planning...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India-Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-India-Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development Planning AgencyCompany...

  17. India-Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development Planning...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India-Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development Planning (Redirected from CDKN-India-Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development Planning) Jump to: navigation, search Name...

  18. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

  19. HPP Energy India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pradesh, India Zip: 110 065 Sector: Hydro Product: String representation "Noida-based man ... jects EPC basis" is too long. References: HPP Energy (India) Pvt. Ltd.1 This...

  20. India National Hydrogen Energy Board NHEB | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydrogen Energy Board NHEB Jump to: navigation, search Name: India National Hydrogen Energy Board (NHEB) Place: New Delhi, India Zip: 110 003 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Set...

  1. India National Action Plan on Climate Change | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Action Plan on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: India National Action Plan on Climate Change AgencyCompany Organization: India Prime...

  2. LM Glasfiber India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: LM Glasfiber (India) Pvt. Ltd. Place: Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip: 562114 Sector: Wind energy Product: Bangalore-based manufacturer and supplier...

  3. Enercon India Power Development Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Development Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enercon (India) Power Development Pvt Ltd Place: Mumbai, India Zip: 400 053 Product: Mumbai-based project development...

  4. General Electric in India GE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: General Electric in India (GE) Place: New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110015 Sector: Services, Wind energy Product: String representation...

  5. India's 11th Five-year Plan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Policiesdeployment programs, Background analysis Website http:planningcommission.nic. Country India Southern Asia References India's 11th Five-year Plan 1 References ...

  6. Generacion Eolica India Ltd GEIL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd GEIL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Generacion Eolica India Ltd. (GEIL) Place: Karnataka, India Sector: Wind energy Product: Karnataka-based wind project developer....

  7. Classic Jatropha Oil India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jatropha Oil (India) Ltd Place: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India Product: Coimbatore-based oil company promoting jatropha cultivation as a method of biofuel production. Coordinates:...

  8. India's Energy [In]Security and Growing Competition from China...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China Citation Details In-Document Search Title: India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China Authors: ...

  9. Secretary Bodman in India Highlights Clean Energy Investment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    India Highlights Clean Energy Investment and Innovation as Key to Energy Security and Economic Growth Secretary Bodman in India Highlights Clean Energy Investment and Innovation as ...

  10. Surya Jyoti Devices India Private Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110024 Sector: Solar Product: Manufactures solar thermal water heating systems at a factory in Punjab. References: Surya Jyoti Devices India...

  11. China and India PV Reliability-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PV Reliability-NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China and India PV Reliability under the Asia Pacific Partnership Name China and India PV Reliability under the...

  12. India-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    investment in large-scale and distributed solar projects in India and US-India solar business partnerships through the following activities: * Review the proposed effort with...

  13. India-Natural Resource Management Plan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Natural Resource Management Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Natural Resource Management Plan AgencyCompany Organization Government of India Sector Land Focus Area...

  14. Welspun Urja India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd. Place: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Zip: 400 013 Sector: Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product: Mumbai-based firm involved in solar, biomass, wind and hydro sector....

  15. Moser Baer India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip: 110020 Product: Manufacturer of removable data storage media (CDs, DVDs), now diversifying into crystalline silicon, amorphous silicon and...

  16. Ratnagiri, India: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ratnagiri, India: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1258338 Coordinates 16.99202, 73.292313 Show Map Loading map......

  17. EERE Clean Energy Collaborations with India Play Key Role in U.S.-India

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Dialogue | Department of Energy EERE Clean Energy Collaborations with India Play Key Role in U.S.-India Energy Dialogue EERE Clean Energy Collaborations with India Play Key Role in U.S.-India Energy Dialogue September 24, 2015 - 5:50pm Addthis A number of EERE International projects were highlighted at the U.S. – India Energy Dialogue, co-chaired by Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz (left) and Indian Power Minister Piyush Goyal (right) in Washington, DC. A number of EERE

  18. Powering the people: India's capacity expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patel, S.

    2009-05-15

    India has become a global business power even though hundreds of millions of its citizens still live in poverty. To sustain economic growth and lift its people out of poverty, India needs more and more reliable power. Details of government plans for achieving those goals demonstrate that pragmatism may be in shorter supply than ambition and political will. 1 ref., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  19. PVWatts (R) Calculator India (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01

    The PVWatts (R) Calculator for India was released by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in 2013. The online tool estimates electricity production and the monetary value of that production of grid-connected roof- or ground-mounted crystalline silicon photovoltaics systems based on a few simple inputs. This factsheet provides a broad overview of the PVWatts (R) Calculator for India.

  20. United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The United States and France today issued the Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage that sets forth the common views of the United States and France on civil nuclear liability

  1. briquetting machine plant India | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    briquetting machine plant India Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate content...

  2. US, UK, France Discuss Stockpile Stewardship, Arms Control and

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Nonproliferation and Visit the Nevada National Security Site | National Nuclear Security Administration UK, France Discuss Stockpile Stewardship, Arms Control and Nonproliferation and Visit the Nevada National Security Site | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our

  3. India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; McNeil, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant

    2009-03-30

    Integrated economic models have been used to project both baseline and mitigation greenhouse gas emissions scenarios at the country and the global level. Results of these scenarios are typically presented at the sectoral level such as industry, transport, and buildings without further disaggregation. Recently, a keen interest has emerged on constructing bottom up scenarios where technical energy saving potentials can be displayed in detail (IEA, 2006b; IPCC, 2007; McKinsey, 2007). Analysts interested in particular technologies and policies, require detailed information to understand specific mitigation options in relation to business-as-usual trends. However, the limit of information available for developing countries often poses a problem. In this report, we have focus on analyzing energy use in India in greater detail. Results shown for the residential and transport sectors are taken from a previous report (de la Rue du Can, 2008). A complete picture of energy use with disaggregated levels is drawn to understand how energy is used in India and to offer the possibility to put in perspective the different sources of end use energy consumption. For each sector, drivers of energy and technology are indentified. Trends are then analyzed and used to project future growth. Results of this report provide valuable inputs to the elaboration of realistic energy efficiency scenarios.

  4. U.S.-India Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    India Energy Cooperation U.S.-India Energy Cooperation In November 2009, Prime Minister Singh and President Obama agreed to strengthen U.S.-India energy cooperation through a new Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) under the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue. In November 2009, Prime Minister Singh and President Obama agreed to strengthen U.S.-India energy cooperation through a new Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) under the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue. U.S.-India Energy Cooperation The

  5. Indias R&D for Energy Efficient Buildings: Insights for U.S. Cooperation with India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd

    2010-06-01

    This report outlines Indias current activities and future plans in building energy efficiency R&D and deployment, and maps them with R&D activities under the Department of Energys Building Technologies Program. The assessment, conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in FY10, reviews major R&D programs in India including programs under the 11th Five-Year Plan, programs under the NEF, R&D and other programs under state agencies and ongoing projects in major research institutions .

  6. The biomethanation of waste material; An example in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, K.C. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports that digester gas (biogas) can be generated from anaerobic decomposition of organic waste substances. In the municipal sewage treatment plants in Germany most of the gas production is used for heating and electric power generation. The major portion of solid waste shall be returned to the economical circuit as biogas, compost and recyclable materials.

  7. Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? The U.S....

  8. NREL: International Activities - India Solar Resource Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - updated April 2013 India Weather Files Designed to be Used in System Advisor Model (SAM) Download SAM solar resource files for all Indian locations in TMY3 format SAM weather...

  9. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  10. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Instruments AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Measurement Type: Radiometric View Plots AOS Aerosol Observing System Measurement Type: Aerosol View Plots DL Doppler Lidar Measurement Type: Cloud Properties View Plots GNDRAD Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation Measurement Type: Radiometric View Plots MET Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Measurement Type: Surface Meteorology View Plots MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Measurement Type:

  11. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  12. INDIA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM instruments on top of the ARIES Observatory in Nainital Doppler Lidar (DL) Shortwave Array Spectroradiometers, both Hemispheric and Zenith (SASHE and SASZE) Shortwave Array Spectroradiometers, both Hemispheric and Zenith (SASHE and SASZE) Total Sky Imager (TSI) on the far left, Cimel Sunphotometer (CSPHOT) center, and Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation (SKYRAD) to the right Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation (SKYRAD) Total Sky Imager (TSI) Doppler Lidar (DL)

  13. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia

    2014-05-09

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  14. U.S.-India Coal Working Group Terms of Reference | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S.-India Coal Working Group Terms of Reference U.S.-India Coal Working Group Terms of Reference PDF icon U.S.-India Coal Working Group Terms of Reference More Documents & Publications Work Plan - U.S.-India Coal Working Group US-India S&T Agreement US-India FOA submission form

  15. Challenges to Development in India: The Role of Education (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Challenges to Development in India: The Role of Education Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Challenges to Development in India: The Role of Education This talk is based on...

  16. India's Energy [In]Security and Growing Competition from China...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China Citation Details In-Document Search Title: India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China You are...

  17. Secretary Bodman Announces U.S. / India Energy Dialogue | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. India Energy Dialogue Secretary Bodman Announces U.S. India Energy Dialogue May 31, 2005 - 1:04pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and ...

  18. India-US Lab Consortium Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    US Lab Consortium Activities Jump to: navigation, search Logo: India-U.S. Lab Consortium Name India-U.S. Lab Consortium AgencyCompany Organization U.S. Department of Energy...

  19. Hydrogen Vehicles and Refueling Infrastructure in India | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Refueling Infrastructure in India Hydrogen Vehicles and Refueling Infrastructure in India Presentation given by L.M. Das of the India Institute of Technology at the CNG and Hydrogen Lessons Learned Workshop on December 10, 2009 PDF icon cng_h2_workshop_11_das.pdf More Documents & Publications Successful Adoption of CNG and Energing CNG-Hydrogen Program in India Overview of Indian Hydrogen Program and Key Safety Issues of Hydrogen Fuel

  20. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 7, 2004 (10:00 AM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-07

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, storm track, and county outage data are provided.

  1. Tropical Storm Frances/ Hurricane Ivan Situation Report, September 10, 2004 (4:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none, none

    2004-09-10

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Ivan in the Florida area. Sections on electric information and oil and gas information are provided.

  2. Tropical Storm Frances and Hurricane Ivan Situation Report, September 9, 2004 (4:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-09

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Ivan in the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, are provided.

  3. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 8,2004 (4:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-08

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Hurricane Frances in the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, and county outage data are provided.

  4. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 6, 2004 (10:00 AM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2004-09-06

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, storm track, and county outage data are provided.

  5. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 6, 2004 (10:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2004-09-06

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, storm track, and county outage data are provided.

  6. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 6, 2004 (4:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2004-09-06

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, storm track, and county outage data are provided.

  7. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 7, 2004 (4:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2004-09-07

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, storm track, and county outage data are provided.

  8. GE Global Research in Bangalore, India

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bangalore, India Bangalore, India The first GE Research & Development Center outside the U.S. applies cutting-edge technologies to solve challenges across the first and developing worlds. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Visit the Careers page to search and apply for Global Research jobs in Bangalore.

  9. Development of biogas technology in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiranjivi, C.; Raviprasad, A.; Rao, K.V.

    1981-01-01

    Biogas from organic wastes is a potential renewable energy to meet the domestic energy needs in India. The fundamentals of bio-gasification by anaerobic digestion are presented. The production of biogas from cattle manure in small anaerobic digesters is discussed illustrating with a popular digester model. 9 refs.

  10. East Germany struggles to clean its air and water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cherfas, J.

    1990-04-20

    East Germans are working hard on a strategy to improve their polluted environment. Industrial plants are largely responsible for this pollution. A shroud of haze veils the suburbs of East Berlin. Far to the south the giant power plants around Leipzig pour more dust and sulfur dioxide into the air than in any other country in Europe. More than 90% of the country's electricity comes from brown coal, accompanied by prodigious quantities of dust and sulfur dioxide: almost 6 million tones of sulfur dioxide and more than 2 million tones of dust in 1988. East Germany enjoys some of the cheapest energy in the world, and the world's third highest energy consumption per capita, behind the United States, and Canada. Naturally, is also suffers air quality and health problems. The country is trying to cut down on consumption and clean up on generation. Actually, water quality is the number one priority, which unlike air is in very short supply.

  11. Large Scale Wind and Solar Integration in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Bernhard; Schreirer, Uwe; Berster, Frank; Pease, John; Scholz, Cristian; Erbring, Hans-Peter; Schlunke, Stephan; Makarov, Yuri V.

    2010-02-28

    This report provides key information concerning the German experience with integrating of 25 gigawatts of wind and 7 gigawatts of solar power capacity and mitigating its impacts on the electric power system. The report has been prepared based on information provided by the Amprion GmbH and 50Hertz Transmission GmbH managers and engineers to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory representatives during their visit to Germany in October 2009. The trip and this report have been sponsored by the BPA Technology Innovation office. Learning from the German experience could help the Bonneville Power Administration engineers to compare and evaluate potential new solutions for managing higher penetrations of wind energy resources in their control area. A broader dissemination of this experience will benefit wind and solar resource integration efforts in the United States.

  12. Germany, garbage, and the green dot: Challenging the throwaway society

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fishbein, B.K.

    1994-09-01

    For US policymakers and citizens who are grappling with the question of how to handle this country's mounting municipal garbage and commercial wastes, this report offers a revolutionary approach taken by Germany to promote both recycling and source reduction. The sweeping new German legislation is stimulating industry efforts to reduce packaging and product waste by requiring that the businesses producing packages and products be financially responsible for taking back their used materials and recycling, reusing or disposing of them. This report describes what Germans have done in solid waste policies, the difficulties they are confronting and the impact on wastes to date. It discusses the environmental problems that the US and other industrialized countries face, identifies practical solutions: programs and policies that work to conserve our valuable air, land, water and natural resources and enable us to live and do business less wastefully.

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_Zarling GTRI OSRP Overview NMMSS.ppt...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    11 44 Ecuador 37 8 France 44 125 Germany 48 14 India 101 289 Israel 7 31 Italy 11 1,202 Japan 1 2 Peru 486 60 Singapore 1 0 South Africa 69 23 Sweden 9 20 Switzerland 5 16 Uruguay...

  14. Proposals in for Czech firms; cooperation likely with eastern Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1993-02-10

    Two Western groups - Shell and a consortium made up of Agip, Conoco, and Total - have offered to buy the refining operations of Chemopetrol Litvinov and Kaucuk Kralupy, both in the Czech republic. Meanwhile, Amoco, Neste, and PCD are looking at the possibility of acquiring some of the plastics plants at Litvinov. Amoco is interested in the polypropylene operations, Neste in polyethylene, and PCD in both. The two Czech firms are included in the second wave of privatization, which will begin in midyear. So far, there have been no offers for the 80,000-m.t./year polystyrene and 60,000-m.t./year styrene butadiene rubber operations belonging to Kralupy, although Atochem representatives recently visited the plants. Litvinov is carrying out revamping operations at its core unit, a 12-year-old, 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant. The plant, currently running at 400,000 m.t./year, supplies downstream plants, Neratovice, and sells on the export markets. An existing ethylene pipeline between Litvinov and Bohlen in eastern Germany, which used to supply an average 100,000 m.t./year of ethylene to Bohen in exchange for naphtha, is virtually unused. One proposal involves reactivating this exchange to secure ethylene feedstock for plants in eastern Germany. According to some sources, a preliminary decision has been made to shut down the 100,000-m.t./year ethylene plant at Leuna and possibly to expand the Bohlen cracker by 100,000 m.t./year, to 400,000 m.t./year by the late 1990s.

  15. Wind Resource Assessment of Gujarat (India)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Draxl, C.; Purkayastha, A.; Parker, Z.

    2014-07-01

    India is one of the largest wind energy markets in the world. In 1986 Gujarat was the first Indian state to install a wind power project. In February 2013, the installed wind capacity in Gujarat was 3,093 MW. Due to the uncertainty around existing wind energy assessments in India, this analysis uses the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the wind at current hub heights for one year to provide more precise estimates of wind resources in Gujarat. The WRF model allows for accurate simulations of winds near the surface and at heights important for wind energy purposes. While previous resource assessments published wind power density, we focus on average wind speeds, which can be converted to wind power densities by the user with methods of their choice. The wind resource estimates in this study show regions with average annual wind speeds of more than 8 m/s.

  16. Pursuing Clean Energy Business in India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to accelerated investment in the development and deployment of renewable energy and distributed generation technologies in India and identification of enhanced collaboration...

  17. India-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support AgencyCompany Organization ClimateWorks, Project...

  18. India-Low Carbon Transport | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name UNEP-Low Carbon Transport in India AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area...

  19. EcoSecurities India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indian subsidiary of UK CDM project developer EcoSecurities, to focus primarily on methane capture and destruction projects. References: EcoSecurities India Ltd.1 This...

  20. Sandia Energy - Solar Energy Research Institute for India and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Energy Research Institute for India and the United States Kick-Off Home Renewable Energy Energy Partnership News SunShot News & Events Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaic...

  1. Secretary Bodman in India Highlights Clean Energy Investment and Innovation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as Key to Energy Security and Economic Growth | Department of Energy India Highlights Clean Energy Investment and Innovation as Key to Energy Security and Economic Growth Secretary Bodman in India Highlights Clean Energy Investment and Innovation as Key to Energy Security and Economic Growth March 20, 2007 - 11:37am Addthis Secretary Bodman and Prime Minister Singh To Meet To Discuss U.S - India Energy Cooperation NEW DELHI, INDIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today delivered

  2. India-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China, India and Mexico. Indonesia was recently added to this project." Brazil Outcomes, Lessons Learned and Good Practices Phase 1 Country Report Synthesis Report Phase 2 Key...

  3. India-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in particular around the Copenhagen climate conference of December 2009. Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea are responsible for about two thirds...

  4. India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to...

  5. Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy of India ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Science, Technology and Policy of India Jump to: navigation, search Name: Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP) Address: Raj Bhavan Circle, High Grounds,...

  6. India-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Danish Government Baseline Workstream AgencyCompany Organization Danish Government Partner Danish...

  7. India-International Industrial Energy Efficiency Deployment Project...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Alliance for Energy Efficient Economy (India), Confederation of Indian Industry Sector Energy Focus...

  8. EcoSolar Systems India Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Zip: 411030 Sector: Solar Product: Manufactures and distributes own-brand solar water heating systems, solar PV lanterns and a solar cooker. Coordinates: 18.52671,...

  9. Berkeley India Joint Leadership on Energy and Environment | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of pathways and approaches for reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases while pursuing sustainable economic development. The Berkeley India Joint Leadership on Energy and...

  10. India-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name India-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis...

  11. India's baseline plan for nuclear energy self-sufficiency.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bucher, R .G.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2009-01-01

    India's nuclear energy strategy has traditionally strived for energy self-sufficiency, driven largely by necessity following trade restrictions imposed by the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) following India's 'peaceful nuclear explosion' of 1974. On September 6, 2008, the NSG agreed to create an exception opening nuclear trade with India, which may create opportunities for India to modify its baseline strategy. The purpose of this document is to describe India's 'baseline plan,' which was developed under constrained trade conditions, as a basis for understanding changes in India's path as a result of the opening of nuclear commerce. Note that this treatise is based upon publicly available information. No attempt is made to judge whether India can meet specified goals either in scope or schedule. In fact, the reader is warned a priori that India's delivery of stated goals has often fallen short or taken a significantly longer period to accomplish. It has been evident since the early days of nuclear power that India's natural resources would determine the direction of its civil nuclear power program. It's modest uranium but vast thorium reserves dictated that the country's primary objective would be thorium utilization. Estimates of India's natural deposits vary appreciably, but its uranium reserves are known to be extremely limited, totaling approximately 80,000 tons, on the order of 1% of the world's deposits; and nominally one-third of this ore is of very low uranium concentration. However, India's roughly 300,000 tons of thorium reserves account for approximately 30% of the world's total. Confronted with this reality, the future of India's nuclear power industry is strongly dependent on the development of a thorium-based nuclear fuel cycle as the only way to insure a stable, sustainable, and autonomous program. The path to India's nuclear energy self-sufficiency was first outlined in a seminal paper by Drs. H. J. Bhabha and N. B. Prasad presented at the Second United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in 1958. The paper described a three stage plan for a sustainable nuclear energy program consistent with India's limited uranium but abundant thorium natural resources. In the first stage, natural uranium would be used to fuel graphite or heavy water moderated reactors. Plutonium extracted from the spent fuel of these thermal reactors would drive fast reactors in the second stage that would contain thorium blankets for breeding uranium-233 (U-233). In the final stage, this U-233 would fuel thorium burning reactors that would breed and fission U-233 in situ. This three stage blueprint still reigns as the core of India's civil nuclear power program. India's progress in the development of nuclear power, however, has been impacted by its isolation from the international nuclear community for its development of nuclear weapons and consequent refusal to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). Initially, India was engaged in numerous cooperative research programs with foreign countries; for example, under the 'Atoms for Peace' program, India acquired the Cirus reactor, a 40 MWt research reactor from Canada moderated with heavy water from the United States. India was also actively engaged in negotiations for the NPT. But, on May 18, 1974, India conducted a 'peaceful nuclear explosion' at Pokharan using plutonium produced by the Cirus reactor, abruptly ending the era of international collaboration. India then refused to sign the NPT, which it viewed as discriminatory since it would be required to join as a non-nuclear weapons state. As a result of India's actions, the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was created in 1975 to establish guidelines 'to apply to nuclear transfers for peaceful purposes to help ensure that such transfers would not be diverted to unsafeguarded nuclear fuel cycle or nuclear explosive activities. These nuclear export controls have forced India to be largely self-sufficient in all nuclear-related technologies.

  12. Tropical Storm Frances and Hurricane Ivan Situation Report, September 9, 2004 (10:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-09

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Ivan in the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, and county outage data are provided.

  13. Tropical Storm Frances/ Hurricane Ivan Situation Report, September 10, 2014 (10:00 AM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-10

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Ivan in the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, county outage data, and a table for restoration targets/status are provided.

  14. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 8, 2004 (10:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2004-09-08

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances n the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, and county outage data are provided.

  15. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 8, 2004 (10:00 AM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-08

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances in the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, and county outage data are provided.

  16. Tropical Storm Frances Situation Report, September 7, 2004 (10:00 PM EDT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-09-07

    The report provides highlights related to impacts of Tropical Storm Frances in the Florida area. Sections on electric information, oil and gas information, storm track, and county outage data are provided.

  17. United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reactor Prototypes | Department of Energy France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototypes United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototypes February 1, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S Department of Energy (DOE), the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) today expanded cooperation to coordinate Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototype development through a Memorandum of

  18. United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nuclear Damage | Department of Energy and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage PDF icon Joint Statement Signed.pdf More Documents & Publications Open Government Plan 1.0 Fiscal Year 2010 Agency Financial Report Secretary Chu's Remarks to the 2011 IAEA General Conference (As Prepared for Delivery)

  19. Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    States? | Department of Energy Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? Why Are Resiential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative, in conjunction with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) discusses the installed price of residential PV being significantly lower in Germany than in the United States. PDF icon sunshot_webinar_20130226.pdf More Documents &

  20. Resource Evaluation and Site Selection for Microalgae Production in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Jarvis, E.

    2010-09-01

    The study evaluates climate conditions, availability of CO2 and other nutrients, water resources, and land characteristics to identify areas in India suitable for algae production. The purpose is to provide an understanding of the resource potential in India for algae biofuels production and to assist policymakers, investors, and industry developers in their future strategic decisions.

  1. Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deshmukh, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Gambhir, Ashwin; Phadke, Amol

    2011-08-10

    Although solar costs are dropping rapidly, solar power is still more expensive than conventional and other renewable energy options. The solar sector still needs continuing government policy support. These policies are driven by objectives that go beyond the goal of achieving grid parity. The need to achieve multiple objectives and ensure sufficient political support for solar power makes it diffi cult for policy makers to design the optimal solar power policy. The dynamic and uncertain nature of the solar industry, combined with the constraints offered by broader economic, political and social conditions further complicates the task of policy making. This report presents an analysis of solar promotion policies in seven countries - Germany, Spain, the United States, Japan, China, Taiwan, and India - in terms of their outlook, objectives, policy mechanisms and outcomes. The report presents key insights, primarily in qualitative terms, and recommendations for two distinct audiences. The first audience consists of global policy makers who are exploring various mechanisms to increase the penetration of solar power in markets to mitigate climate change. The second audience consists of key Indian policy makers who are developing a long-term implementation plan under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission and various state initiatives.

  2. A complex investigation of building sandstones from Saxony (Germany)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goetze, Jens Siedel, Heiner

    2007-11-15

    The present paper provides a methodology for the investigation and characterization of building sandstones. This analytical scheme was designed for distinguishing mature arenites, which in general show very similar properties and are difficult to distinguish. This is shown for Cretaceous sandstones from various occurrences in Saxony (Germany), which have been used for centuries as building materials. The procedure is mainly based on the combination of macroscopic rock description, thin section polarizing microscopy (phase composition, texture, grain-size distribution) and cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy (quartz types, feldspar and kaolinite content) coupled with image analysis, scanning electron microscopy (accessories, pore cement, diagenetic grain surface features), and analysis of pore space data. Sometimes, additional data from X-ray diffraction or chemical analyses (major and trace elements) can be used. Especially in the case of quartz rich arenites, CL is a powerful tool for provenance analysis. The detailed analysis of sandstone material in most cases allows us to assign historically used building material to a specific sandstone occurrence. These results are important for both interpreting the weathering behaviour of the building material and the conservation, reconstruction and stone replacement of historical monuments.

  3. Microsoft Word - MOU Between DOE and Germany 9-15-11.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information CARLSBAD, N.M., September 15, 2011 - A high-ranking energy official from Germany formalized a partnership between her country and the United States during a recent...

  4. U.S.-India Energy Dialogue 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -India Energy Dialogue 2014 U.S.-India Energy Dialogue 2014 March 11, 2014 - 9:27am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT 202-586-4940 The U.S.-India Energy Dialogue met in New Delhi on March 5-11. Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia hosted the government-to-government portion of the Dialogue meeting on March 11 with United States Department of Energy Secretary Dr. Ernest Moniz. The U.S. delegation included the Department of Energy, U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA), the U.S.

  5. U.S.-France Science & Technology Workshop on Bioenergy | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Science (SC) U.S.-France Science & Technology Workshop on Bioenergy Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications History Contact BES Home 10.23.15 U.S.-France Science & Technology Workshop on Bioenergy Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page On October 1 - 2, 2015 the Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) at Purdue University

  6. Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly collaboration, officials say. June 26, 2015 New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly collaboration, officials say. New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly

  7. Emergent Ventures India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is an advisory firm delivering solutions and services for CDM. The firm is also pursuing project management. References: Emergent Ventures India Pvt Ltd1 This article is a stub....

  8. Options for Energy Efficiency in India and Barriers to Their...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Barriers to Their Adoption: A Scoping Study1 Abstract "We review the economics literature on energy efficiency in India, as a guide for further research in the area. The...

  9. MSC Power India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    India Zip: 411001 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Pune-based manufacturer of solar-wind hybrid systems. Coordinates: 18.52671, 73.8616 Show Map Loading map......

  10. Brine migration test for Asse Mine, Federal Republic of Germany: final test plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-07-01

    The United States and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) will conduct a brine migration test in the Asse Salt Mine in the FRG as part of the US/FRG Cooperative Radioactive Waste Management Agreement. Two sets of two tests each will be conducted to study both liquid inclusion migration and vapor migration in the two salt types chosen for the experiments: (1) pure salt, for its characteristics similar to the salt that might occur in potential US repositories, and (2) transitional salt, for its similarity to the salt that might occur in potential repositories in Germany.

  11. Comparing Germany's and California's Interconnection Processes for PV Systems (White Paper)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tweedie, A.; Doris, E.

    2011-07-01

    Establishing interconnection to the grid is a recognized barrier to the deployment of distributed energy generation. This report compares interconnection processes for photovoltaic projects in California and Germany. This report summarizes the steps of the interconnection process for developers and utilities, the average length of time utilities take to process applications, and paperwork required of project developers. Based on a review of the available literature, this report finds that while the interconnection procedures and timelines are similar in California and Germany, differences in the legal and regulatory frameworks are substantial.

  12. DOE/NNSA visits Mumbai in support of India's Global Center for...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog DOENNSA visits Mumbai in support of India's ... DOENNSA visits Mumbai in support of India's Global Center for ...

  13. DOE Announces Funding for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center DOE Announces Funding for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center May 16, 2011 - 12:00am ...

  14. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to India (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    India (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet ... U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","12...

  15. U.S. and India Hold the Second Meeting of the Indo-United States...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. and India Hold the Second Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group The United States hosted the second meeting of the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear...

  16. Work Plan - U.S.-India Coal Working Group | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PDF icon Work Plan - U.S.-India Coal Working Group More Documents & Publications Work Group Telecom (Draft Charters) U.S.-India Coal Working Group Terms of Reference Work Group Leadership Meetings: Transition Elements

  17. U.S.-India Collaboration Expands Indian Market for U.S. Technologies,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Improves Grid Reliability | Department of Energy U.S.-India Collaboration Expands Indian Market for U.S. Technologies, Improves Grid Reliability U.S.-India Collaboration Expands Indian Market for U.S. Technologies, Improves Grid Reliability April 1, 2015 - 10:08am Addthis U.S.-India Collaboration Expands Indian Market for U.S. Technologies, Improves Grid Reliability India struggles with an electrical grid that is unreliable and inefficient. Losses from power system overload, archaic grid

  18. Implementing the Espoo Convention in transboundary EIA between Germany and Poland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albrecht, Eike

    2008-08-15

    Poland and Germany have a long common border which leads to the necessity to cooperate and consult each other in the case of large-scale projects or infrastructure measures likely to cause negative transboundary effects on the environment. There are already binding provisions for transboundary EIA. In the area of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), transboundary EIA is intended to be legally binding for the Member States by the Espoo Convention which was ratified by Germany 8.8.2002 and by Poland 12.6.1997. Due to corresponding directives, the same is applicable in the context of the European Union. In German legislation, this issue is regulated by Art. 8 of the Federal EIA Act in regard to transboundary participation of administration and by Art. 9a in respect of transboundary public participation. However, these EIA regulations on transboundary participation do not surpass a certain detail level, as they have to be applied between Germany and all neighbouring states. Therefore both countries decided to agree on more detailed provisions in particular regarding procedural questions. During the 12th German-Polish Environmental Council, Germany and Poland reached an agreement on 11.4.2006 in Neuhardenberg/Brandenburg an agreement upon the implementation of the Espoo Convention, the so called Neuhardenberg Agreement. This article assesses the agreement under consideration of already existing law and discusses major improvements and problems.

  19. DOE Signs Notice to Prepare Environmental Assessment on Proposed Project with Germany

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Energy Department recently signed a notice of intent to prepare an environmental assessment to analyze the potential environmental impacts from a proposed project to accept used nuclear fuel from the Federal Republic of Germany at DOE’s Savannah River Site (SRS) for processing and disposition.

  20. Proceedings of Workshop on Uranium Production Environmental Restoration: An exchange between the United States and Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-31

    Scientists, engineers, elected officials, and industry regulators from the United, States and Germany met in Albuquerque, New Mexico, August 16--20, 1993, in the first joint international workshop to discuss uranium tailings remediation. Entitled ``Workshop on Uranium Production Environmental Restoration: An Exchange between the US and Germany,`` the meeting was hosted by the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. The goal of the workshop was to further understanding and communication on the uranium tailings cleanup projects in the US and Germany. Many communities around the world are faced with an environmental legacy -- enormous quantities of hazardous and low-level radioactive materials from the production of uranium used for energy and nuclear weapons. In 1978, the US Congress passed the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act. Title I of the law established a program to assess the tailings at inactive uranium processing sites and provide a means for joint federal and state funding of the cleanup efforts at sites where all or substantially all of the uranium was produced for sale to a federal agency. The UMTRA Project is responsible for the cleanup of 24 sites in 10 states. Germany is facing nearly identical uranium cleanup problems and has established a cleanup project. At the workshop, participants had an opportunity to interact with a broad cross section of the environmental restoration and waste disposal community, discuss common concerns and problems, and develop a broader understanding of the issues. Abstracts are catalogued individually for the data base.

  1. Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

    2012-09-01

    The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

  2. Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Khangura, Jagmeet

    2011-09-15

    We assess developable on-shore wind potential in India at three different hub-heights and under two sensitivity scenarios one with no farmland included, the other with all farmland included. Under the no farmland included case, the total wind potential in India ranges from 748 GW at 80m hub-height to 976 GW at 120m hub-height. Under the all farmland included case, the potential with a minimum capacity factor of 20 percent ranges from 984 GW to 1,549 GW. High quality wind energy sites, at 80m hub-height with a minimum capacity factor of 25 percent, have a potential between 253 GW (no farmland included) and 306 GW (all farmland included). Our estimates are more than 15 times the current official estimate of wind energy potential in India (estimated at 50m hub height) and are about one tenth of the official estimate of the wind energy potential in the US.

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Austria Belgium Taiwan Canada France Germany Italy Japan Kazakhstan Mexico Netherlands China Russia Spain United...

  4. 4th PV Performance Modeling and Monitoring Workshop in Cologne, Germany,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    October 22-23, 2015 PV Performance Modeling and Monitoring Workshop in Cologne, Germany, October 22-23, 2015 - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid

  5. Panel 1, Towards Sustainable Energy Systems: The Role of Large-Scale Hydrogen Storage in Germany

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hanno Butsch | Head of International Cooperation NOW GmbH National Organization Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Towards sustainable energy systems - The role of large scale hydrogen storage in Germany May 14th, 2014 | Sacramento Political background for the transition to renewable energies 2 * Climate protection: Global responsibility for the next generation. * Energy security: More independency from fossil fuels. * Securing the economy: Creating new markets and jobs through innovations. Three

  6. Battery Electric Vehicles can reduce greenhouse has emissions and make renewable energy cheaper in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gopal, Anand R; Witt, Maggie; Sheppard, Colin; Harris, Andrew

    2015-07-01

    India's National Mission on Electric Mobility (NMEM) sets a countrywide goal of deploying 6 to 7 million hybrid and electric vehicles (EVs) by 2020. There are widespread concerns, both within and outside the government, that the Indian grid is not equipped to accommodate additional power demand from battery electric vehicles (BEVs). Such concerns are justified on the grounds of India's notorious power sector problems pertaining to grid instability and chronic blackouts. Studies have claimed that deploying BEVs in India will only

  7. Secretary Chu to Travel to India and China to Promote Clean Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Partnerships | Department of Energy India and China to Promote Clean Energy Partnerships Secretary Chu to Travel to India and China to Promote Clean Energy Partnerships November 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to India and China from Thursday, November 12 to Wednesday, November 18 as part of the Department's efforts to advance opportunities for international clean energy cooperation. During the

  8. India Solar Resource Data: Enhanced Data for Accelerated Deployment (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    India Solar Resource Data Enhanced Data for Accelerated Deployment Identifying potential locations for solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) projects requires an understanding of the underlying solar resource. Under a bilateral partnership between the United States and India-the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue-the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has updated Indian solar data and maps using data provided by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and the National

  9. A Statement from U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz on India Joining the

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) | Department of Energy India Joining the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) A Statement from U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz on India Joining the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) February 4, 2016 - 11:52am Addthis Dr. Ernest Moniz Dr. Ernest Moniz Secretary of Energy News Media Contact 202-586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov "India's membership in the

  10. China CERC, U.S. India and Other international Agreements | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy China CERC, U.S. India and Other international Agreements China CERC, U.S. India and Other international Agreements PDF icon International Agreements.pdf PDF icon Trip to China.pdf More Documents & Publications RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development

  11. India-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name India-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 AgencyCompany Organization National Institute for...

  12. Secretary Moniz and Indian Minister Goyal Chair U.S.-India Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Through the Promoting Energy Access through Clean Energy (PEACE) initiative, launched in 2013, we are working together in support of India's goal to bring electricity access to ...

  13. DOE Announces Funding for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Development Center | Department of Energy for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center DOE Announces Funding for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center May 16, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - As part of the Partnership to Advance Clean Energy announced by President Obama and Prime Minister Singh of India last November, the Department of Energy has committed $25 million over the next five years to support the U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy

  14. U.S. and India Conclude First Workshop of the Civil Nuclear Working Group |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Conclude First Workshop of the Civil Nuclear Working Group U.S. and India Conclude First Workshop of the Civil Nuclear Working Group January 12, 2006 - 10:31am Addthis Aimed at Fostering Cooperation on Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy MUMBAI, INDIA -- The U.S. and India today concluded a four-day workshop on civilian nuclear energy, building on the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue initiated by President George W. Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in September 2004,

  15. U.S. and India Sign Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Sign Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project U.S. and India Sign Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project April 3, 2006 - 10:02am Addthis India to Participate in World's First Integrated CO2 Sequestration and Hydrogen Production Research Power Plant, FutureGen Initiative NEW DELHI, INDIA - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the signing of an agreement with India that makes it the first country to join the U.S. on the government steering committee for the FutureGen

  16. US-India Energy Dialogue: Coal Working Group | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US-India Energy Dialogue: Coal Working Group US-India Energy Dialogue: Coal Working Group On May 31, 2005, then-U.S. Secretary of Energy, Dr. Samuel W. Bodman and Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman Planning Commission of India, launched a new Energy Dialogue. The Energy Dialogue builds upon the broad range of existing energy cooperation between India and the United States, as well as develops new avenues of collaboration. The Energy Dialogue includes working groups in the areas of coal,

  17. India-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name India-IEA Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus...

  18. U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy: A Progress Report (June

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2012) | Department of Energy India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy: A Progress Report (June 2012) U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy: A Progress Report (June 2012) June 12, 2012 - 10:14am Addthis Energy cooperation is a central element of the U.S.-India strategic partnership. President Obama and Prime Minister Singh launched the U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE) in November 2009 to accelerate the transition to high performing, low emissions, and energy

  19. The U.S. Army`s environmental compliance assessment in Germany, a case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlessman, D.C.

    1995-12-01

    The U.S. Army, Europe (USAREUR) in 1995 is initiating the Army-wide program of assessing environmental compliance at each of its installations. The first assessment was done in Germany in January and is the basis of this study. These assessments are the conerstone of USAREUR`s compliance standards: air emissions, drinking and waste water standards, environmental noise, radon, asbestos, underground storage tanks, hazardous material and petroleum management, and pesticides. Also covered are areas of waste management to include solid, hazardous, and medical wastes and special requirements for handling and disposal of polychlorinated bi- & terphenyls. In addition policy and other science areas are checked. These include environmental program management, environmental effects analysis, endangered species and natural resource protection, and historical and cultural resource preservation. The ECAS`s breadth of medias assessed gives a comprehensive look at the environmental posture of an installation. One of the two manuals used in each assessment is based on the Department of Defense (DOD) environmental final governing standards (FGS). Each overseas country that has a substantial DOD long-term presence has a FGS. The FGS is developed by a DOD appointed executive agent. He compared the DOD baseline of environmental standards (based on U.S. law and DOD policy) and the HN`s environmental standards. From this comparison the standard that is most protective of human health and the environment is selected as the FGS. In Germany, the FGS, and thus the ECAS manual are substantially based on the German standards. This is due tot he well developed environmental standards found in Germany. This study provides the first look at the USAREUR ECAS process and the major changes required in a USAREUR community`s environmental compliance posture to meet the German FGS. The January Anbach ECAS is the first time a community in USAREUR was assessed using the fully operational ECAS.

  20. Brine migration test report: Asse Salt Mine, Federal Republic of Germany: Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coyle, A.J.; Eckert, J.; Kalia, H.

    1987-01-01

    This report presents a summary of Brine Migration Tests which were undertaken at the Asse mine of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) under a bilateral US/FRG agreement. This experiment simulates a nuclear waste repository at the 800-m (2624-ft) level of the Asse salt mine in the Federal Republic of Germany. This report describes the Asse salt mine, the test equipment, and the pretest properties of the salt in the mine and in the vicinity of the test area. Also included are selected test data (for the first 28 months of operation) on the following: brine migration rates, thermomechaical behavior of the salt (including room closure, stress reading, and thermal profiles), borehole gas pressures, and borehole gas analyses. In addition to field data, laboratory analyses of pretest salt properties are included in this report. The operational phase of these experiments was completed on October 4, 1985, with the commencement of cooldown and the start of posttest activities. 7 refs., 68 figs., 48 tabs.

  1. Research on long term safety of nuclear waste disposal at the research center Karlsruhe, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gompper, Klaus; Bosbach, Dirk; Denecke, Melissa A.; Geckeis, Horst; Kienzler, Bernhard; Klenze, Reinhardt

    2007-07-01

    In Germany the safe disposal of radioactive waste is in the responsibility of the federal government. The R and D performed in the Institute for Nuclear Waste Disposal (INE) at the Research Center Karlsruhe contributes to the German provident research in the field of long-term safety for final disposal of high level heat producing nuclear wastes. INE's research is focused on the actinide elements and long lived fission products since these dominate the radiotoxicity over a long time. The research strategy synergistically combines fundamental science of aquatic radionuclide chemistry with applied investigations of real systems (waste form, host rock, aquifer), studied on laboratory scale and in underground laboratories. Because Germany has not yet selected a site for a high-level waste repository, all host rock formations under discussion in the international community (salt, hard rock, clay/tone) are investigated. Emphasis in long-term safety R and D at INE is on the development of actinide speciation methods and techniques in the trace concentration range. (authors)

  2. Chooz A, First Pressurized Water Reactor to be Dismantled in France - 13445

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boucau, Joseph; Mirabella, C.; Nilsson, Lennart; Kreitman, Paul J.; Obert, Estelle

    2013-07-01

    Nine commercial nuclear power plants have been permanently shut down in France to date, of which the Chooz A plant underwent an extensive decommissioning and dismantling program. Chooz Nuclear Power Station is located in the municipality of Chooz, Ardennes region, in the northeast part of France. Chooz B1 and B2 are 1,500 megawatt electric (MWe) pressurized water reactors (PWRs) currently in operation. Chooz A, a 305 MWe PWR implanted in two caves within a hill, began operations in 1967 and closed in 1991, and will now become the first PWR in France to be fully dismantled. EDF CIDEN (Engineering Center for Dismantling and Environment) has awarded Westinghouse a contract for the dismantling of its Chooz A reactor vessel (RV). The project began in January 2010. Westinghouse is leading the project in a consortium with Nuvia France. The project scope includes overall project management, conditioning of the reactor vessel (RV) head, RV and RV internals segmentation, reactor nozzle cutting for lifting the RV out of the pit and seal it afterwards, dismantling of the RV thermal insulation, ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) forecast to ensure acceptable doses for the personnel, complementary vacuum cleaner to catch the chips during the segmentation work, needs and facilities, waste characterization and packaging, civil work modifications, licensing documentation. The RV and RV internals will be segmented based on the mechanical cutting technology that Westinghouse applied successfully for more than 13 years. The segmentation activities cover the cutting and packaging plan, tooling design and qualification, personnel training and site implementation. Since Chooz A is located inside two caves, the project will involve waste transportation from the reactor cave through long galleries to the waste buffer area. The project will end after the entire dismantling work is completed, and the waste storage is outside the caves and ready to be shipped either to the ANDRA (French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) waste disposal facilities - (for low-level waste [LLW] and very low-level waste [VLLW], which are considered short lived) - or to the EDF Interim Storage Facility planned to be built on another site - (for low- and intermediate-level waste [LILW], which is considered long lived). The project has started with a detailed conceptual study that determines the step-by-step approach for dismantling the reactor and eventually supplying the packed containers ready for final disposal. All technical reports must be verified and approved by EDF and the French Nuclear Safety Authority before receiving the authorization to start the site work. The detailed conceptual study has been completed to date and equipment design and manufacturing is ongoing. This paper will present the conceptual design of the reactor internals segmentation and packaging process that will be implemented at Chooz A, including the planning, methodology, equipment, waste management, and packaging strategy. (authors)

  3. Potential Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of KeyElectrical Products: The Case of India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, Michael; Iyer, Maithili; Meyers, Stephen; Letschert,Virginie; McMahon, James E.

    2005-12-20

    The goal of this project was to estimate the net benefits that cost-effective improvements in energy efficiency can bring to developing countries. The study focused on four major electrical products in the world's second largest developing country, India. These products--refrigerators, room air conditioners, electric motors, and distribution transformers--are important targets for efficiency improvement in India and in other developing countries. India is an interesting subject of study because of it's size and rapid economic growth. Implementation of efficient technologies in India would save billions in energy costs, and avoid hundreds of megatons of greenhouse gas emissions. India also serves as an example of the kinds of improvement opportunities that could be pursued in other developing countries.

  4. Perspectives of Future R and D on HLW Disposal in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steininger, W.J. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Project Management Agency Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (PTKA-WTE), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The 5. Energy Research Program of the Federal Government 'Innovation and New Technology' is the general framework for R and D activities in radioactive waste disposal. The Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) apply the Research Program concerning their respective responsibilities and competences. With regard to the Government's obligation to provide repositories for HLW (spent fuel and vitrified HAW) radioactive waste basic and applied R and D is needed in order to make adequate knowledge available to implementers, decision makers and stakeholders in general. Non-site specific R and D projects are funded by BMWi on the basis of its Research Concept. In the first stage (1998 -2001) most R and D issues were focused on R and D activities related to HLW disposal in rock salt. By that time the R and D program had to be revised and some prioritization was demanded due to changes in politics. In the current version (2001 -2006) emphasize was put on non-saline rocks. The current Research Concept of BMWi is presently subjected to a sort of revision, evaluation, and discussion, inter alia, by experts from several German research institutions. This activity is of special importance against the background of streamlining and focusing the research activities to future demands, priorities and perspectives with regard to the salt concept and the option of disposing of HLW in argillaceous media. Because the status of knowledge on disposal in rock salt is well advanced, it is necessary to take stock of the current state-of-the-art. In this framework some key projects are being currently carried out. The results may contribute to future decisions to be made in Germany with respect to HLW disposal. The first project deals with the development of an advanced safety concept for a HLW waste repository in rock salt. The second project (also carried out in the frame of the 6. Framework Program of the European Commission) aims at completing and optimizing the direct disposal concept for spent fuel by a full-scale demonstration of the technology of emplacement in vertical boreholes. The third project is devoted to the development of a reference concept to dispose of HLW in deep geological repository in clay in Germany. In the following a brief overview is given on the achievements, the projects, and ideas about the consequences for HLW disposal in Germany. (author)

  5. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  6. Conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps in India and Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadgil, A.; Martino Jannuzzi, G. de (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia)

    1989-07-01

    We evaluate the conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) for managing the rapidly increasing electrical energy and peak demand in India and Brazil. Using very conservative assumptions, we find that the cost of conserved energy using 16 W CFLs is 4 and 6 times less than the long range marginal cost of electricity for the two countries. The cost of avoided peak installed capacity is 6 and 9.5 times less than the cost of new installed capacity for India and Brazil. The analysis is undertaken from the three separate perspectives of the national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. We find that because residential electricity is subsidized, the consumers have little or no incentive to purchase and install the CFLs, unless they too are subsidized. However, the benefits of CFL installation to the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility in almost all cases. As an illustration of a gradual introduction strategy for CFLs, we calculate a scenario where national savings of the order of US $1.2 million per day for India and US $2.5 million per day for Brazil are reached in 10 years by a small and gradual transfer of subsidy from residential electricity to CFLs. We then explore the barriers to immediate large scale introduction of these lamps in the two countries. Specific technical and marketing problems are identified and discussed, which would require solution before such an introduction can be attempted. Lastly, we discuss the range of policy instruments, in addition to a subsidy scheme, that can be used for promoting the diffusion of these lamps in the domestic and commercial sector. 47 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. CLEAN HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY FOR 3-WHEEL TRANSPORTATION IN INDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krishna Sapru

    2005-11-15

    Hydrogen is a clean burning, non-polluting transportation fuel. It is also a renewable energy carrier that can be produced from non-fossil fuel resources such as solar, wind and biomass. Utilizing hydrogen as an alternative fuel for vehicles will diversify the resources of energy, and reduce dependence on oil in the transportation sector. Additionally, clean burning hydrogen fuel will also alleviate air pollution that is a very severe problem in many parts of world, especially major metropolitan areas in developing countries, such as India and China. In our efforts to foster international collaborations in the research, development, and demonstration of hydrogen technologies, through a USAID/DOE cost-shared project, Energy Conversion Devices, Inc.,(www.ovonic.com) a leading materials and alternative energy company, in collaboration with Bajaj Auto Limited, India's largest three-wheeler taxi manufacturer, has successfully developed and demonstrated prototype hydrogen ICE three-wheelers in the United States and India. ECD's proprietary Ovonic solid-state hydrogen storage technology is utilized on-board to provide a means of compact, low pressure, and safe hydrogen fuel. These prototype hydrogen three-wheelers have demonstrated comparable performance to the original CNG version of the vehicle, achieving a driving range of 130 km. The hydrogen storage system capable of storing 1 kg hydrogen can be refilled to 80% of its capacity in about 15 minutes at a pressure of 300 psi. The prototype vehicles developed under this project have been showcased and made available for test rides to the public at exhibits such as the 16th NHA annual meeting in April 2005, Washington, DC, and the SIAM (Society of Indian Automotive Manufacturers) annual conference in August 2005, New Delhi, India. Passengers have included members of the automotive industry, founders of both ECD and Bajaj, members of the World Bank, the Indian Union Minister for Finance, the President of the Asia Development Bank, members of USAID, USDOE and many other individuals, all of whom have had praise for the vehicle and the technology. The progress made through this phase I work and the importance of hydrogen three-wheelers has also resulted in extensive press coverage by the news media around the world.

  8. Assessing climate impacts of planning policies-An estimation for the urban region of Leipzig (Germany)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwarz, Nina Bauer, Annette Haase, Dagmar

    2011-03-15

    Local climate regulation by urban green areas is an important urban ecosystem service, as it reduces the extent of the urban heat island and therefore enhances quality of life. Local and regional planning policies can control land use changes in an urban region, which in turn alter local climate regulation. Thus, this paper describes a method for estimating the impacts of current land uses as well as local and regional planning policies on local climate regulation, using evapotranspiration and land surface emissivity as indicators. This method can be used by practitioners to evaluate their policies. An application of this method is demonstrated for the case study Leipzig (Germany). Results for six selected planning policies in Leipzig indicate their distinct impacts on climate regulation and especially the role of their spatial extent. The proposed method was found to easily produce a qualitative assessment of impacts of planning policies on climate regulation.

  9. Regulatory Control of Sealed Sources in Germany including Regulations Regarding Spent and Disused Sources - 13176

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dollan, Ralph; Haeusler, Uwe; Czarwinski, Renate

    2013-07-01

    Effective regulatory control is essential to ensure the safe and secure use of radioactive material and the appropriate management of radioactive waste. To ensure a sustainable control of high radioactive sources, the European Commission published the Council Directive 2003/122/EURATOM on the control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources, which had to be transferred into national legislation by all member states of the European Union. Major requirement of the Directive is a system to ensure traceability of high-activity sealed sources from 'cradle to grave' as well as the provision to take back disused sources by the supplier or manufacturer. With the Act on high-activity sealed radioactive sources Germany implemented the requirements of the Directive 2003/122/EURATOM and established a national registry of high-activity sealed sources in 2006. Currently, about 27.000 high-activity sealed sources are recorded in this national registry. (authors)

  10. A Statement from U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz on India...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to their deployment of civil nuclear energy technologies to help provide reliable, low-cost power to millions of Indians. ... (CSC) United States and France Sign Joint Statement on ...

  11. Fact #644: October 11, 2010 Share of Diesel Vehicle Sales Decline...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    amount includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, ... Note: Total includes Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, ...

  12. India Solar Resource Data: Enhanced Data for Accelerated Deployment (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-08-01

    Identifying potential locations for solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) projects requires an understanding of the underlying solar resource. Under a bilateral partnership between the United States and India - the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue - the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has updated Indian solar data and maps using data provided by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and the National Institute for Solar Energy (NISE). This fact sheet overviews the updated maps and data, which help identify high-quality solar energy projects. This can help accelerate the deployment of solar energy in India.

  13. U.S. and India Reach Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Reach Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project U.S. and India Reach Historic Agreement on FutureGen Project March 2, 2006 - 11:34am Addthis India becomes the first nation to accept U.S. invitation to participate in new clean coal project WASHINGTON, DC - President George W. Bush announced today that India will become the first country to participate on the government steering committee for the U.S. Department of Energy's FutureGen project - an initiative to build and operate the

  14. Energy Department Announces Selections for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research and Development Center | Department of Energy Selections for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Energy Department Announces Selections for U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center April 13, 2012 - 12:01pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced the selections for three consortia that will make up the $125 million U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center (JCERDC). These consortia - led

  15. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    India (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,477 3,072 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to India

  16. U.S. and India hold the Third Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nuclear Energy Working Group | Department of Energy and India hold the Third Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group U.S. and India hold the Third Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group March 17, 2010 - 12:54pm Addthis India hosted the third meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group in Mumbai, on Feb. 3-4, 2010. Civil nuclear is one of five working groups established under the Energy Dialogue as a result of

  17. Successful Adoption of CNG and Energing CNG-Hydrogen Program in India |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Successful Adoption of CNG and Energing CNG-Hydrogen Program in India Successful Adoption of CNG and Energing CNG-Hydrogen Program in India Presentation given by Narendra Kumar Pal of the University of Nevada at the CNG and Hydrogen Lessons Learned Workshop on December 10, 2009 PDF icon cng_h2_workshop_6_pal.pdf More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Vehicles and Refueling Infrastructure in India Workshop Notes from ""Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen

  18. Secretary Moniz and Indian Minister Goyal Chair U.S.-India Energy Dialogue

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Secretary Moniz and Indian Minister Goyal Chair U.S.-India Energy Dialogue Secretary Moniz and Indian Minister Goyal Chair U.S.-India Energy Dialogue September 22, 2015 - 7:09pm Addthis Yesterday, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz (left) and Indian Minister of State with Independent Charge for Power, Coal, and New and Renewable Energy Piyush Goyal (right) co-chaired the U.S.-India Energy Dialogue here in Washington, DC. (Photo credit Charles Watkins/DOE.) Yesterday, Energy

  19. Fact #878: June 22, 2015 Plug-in Vehicle Penetration in Selected...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Austria and Germany data do not include PHEVs, but only BEVs. Austria, Canada, France, and Germany include only passenger cars. Fact 878 Dataset Supporting Information Number of ...

  20. FAINT TIDAL FEATURES IN GALAXIES WITHIN THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY WIDE FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, Adam M.; Abraham, Roberto G.; Ferguson, Annette M. N.

    2013-03-01

    We present an analysis of the detectability of faint tidal features in galaxies from the wide-field component of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey. Our sample consists of 1781 luminous (M{sub r{sup '}}<-19.3 mag) galaxies in the magnitude range 15.5 mag < r' < 17 mag and in the redshift range 0.04 < z < 0.2. Although we have classified tidal features according to their morphology (e.g., streams, shells, and tails), we do not attempt to interpret them in terms of their physical origin (e.g., major versus minor merger debris). Instead, we provide a catalog that is intended to provide raw material for future investigations which will probe the nature of low surface brightness substructure around galaxies. We find that around 12% of the galaxies in our sample show clear tidal features at the highest confidence level. This fraction rises to about 18% if we include systems with convincing, albeit weaker tidal features, and to 26% if we include systems with more marginal features that may or may not be tidal in origin. These proportions are a strong function of rest-frame color and of stellar mass. Linear features, shells, and fans are much more likely to occur in massive galaxies with stellar masses >10{sup 10.5} M {sub Sun }, and red galaxies are twice as likely to show tidal features than are blue galaxies.

  1. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members: John Deutch, Chair; Frances Beinecke, Rafael Bras, Albert Carnesale, Deborah

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Chair; Frances Beinecke, Rafael Bras, Albert Carnesale, Deborah Jin, Paul Joskow, Steve Koonin, Michael McQuade, Richard Meserve, Cherry Murray, Dan Reicher, Ram Shenoy, Ellen Tauscher, Dan Yergin Date and Time: 11:30AM - 12:30PM ET, February 17, 2015 Location: Conference Call Purpose: Meeting of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) SEAB Staff: Karen Gibson, Designated Federal Officer; Corey Williams-Allen, Deputy Designated Federal Officer; and Matthew Schaub, Deputy Director Meeting

  2. Disposing of High-Level Radioactive Waste in Germany - A Note from the Licensing Authority - 12530

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pick, Thomas Stefan; Bluth, Joachim; Lauenstein, Christof; Markhoefer, Joerg

    2012-07-01

    Following the national German consensus on the termination of utilisation of nuclear energy in the summer of 2011, the Federal and Laender Governments have declared their intention to work together on a national consensus on the disposal of radioactive waste as well. Projected in the early 1970's the Federal Government had started exploring the possibility to establish a repository for HLW at the Gorleben site in 1977. However, there is still no repository available in Germany today. The delay results mainly from the national conflict over the suitability of the designated Gorleben site, considerably disrupting German society along the crevice that runs between supporters and opponents of nuclear energy. The Gorleben salt dome is situated in Lower Saxony, the German state that also hosts the infamous Asse mine repository for LLW and ILW and the Konrad repository project designated to receive LLW and ILW as well. With the fourth German project, the Morsleben L/ILW repository only 20 km away across the state border, the state of Lower Saxony carries the main load for the disposal of radioactive waste in Germany. After more than 25 years of exploration and a 10 year moratorium the Gorleben project has now reached a cross-road. Current plans for setting up a new site selection procedure in Germany call for the selection and exploration of up to four alternative sites, depending only on suitable geology. In the meantime the discussion is still open on whether the Gorleben project should be terminated in order to pacify the societal conflict or being kept in the selection process on account of its promising geology. The Lower Saxony Ministry for Environment and Climate Protection proposes to follow a twelve-step-program for finding the appropriate site, including the Gorleben site in the process. With its long history of exploration the site is the benchmark that alternative sites will have to compare with. Following the national consensus of 2011 on the termination of nuclear energy utilisation, it is now the time to reach a national consensus on the disposal of radioactive waste as well. This is a task that the country and society, federal and state governments, political parties and the citizens will have to jointly master within the current generation and within German territory. The basis for the consensus will be a reset to the beginning of this process. It has to start with a new site selection procedure that will take into account and compare up to four alternative sites. This procedure will have to follow the principle of highest possible security. It should be based on a stepwise approach, strictly following scientific criteria. Public confidence in the process and trust can only be achieved by a transparent procedure allowing for the participation of the public and the stakeholders. It is therefore mandatory to consult, both on a national and regional level, all involved parties (public authority, scientist and citizen). The national consensus must also include a decision on the future of the Gorleben exploratory site. The site selection procedure must therefore take this site into account as well. Furthermore, the final decision on safe disposal of German radioactive wastes must be made by sovereign rule by Federal Parliament and Federal Council. (authors)

  3. Agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Commissariat a L'Energie Atomique of France for Cooperation in Advanced Nuclear Reactor Science and Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this Implementing Arrangement is to establish between the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique of France, hereinafter...

  4. U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    123.1) - U.S. Applicants Only 5. Budget Application Form - Indian Applicants Only 6. U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center Agreement 7. S&T Agreement 8....

  5. THE HUNDRED BILLION DOLLAR BONUS: Global Energy Efficiency Lessons from India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, Seema; Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-03-01

    At a time when India and other nations are grappling with myriad energy-related challenges, including unstable, costly power sources and growing greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency offers an alternative at a fraction of the cost of other new sources of energy. A consortium of leading Indian regulators, nongovernmental organizations, and international experts has recognized this opportunity and is working to develop effective policies that will bring significant domestic benefits to India while accelerating the global transition to energy efficiency.

  6. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity Usage in Indias Housing Sector

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector November 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of

  7. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    India (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,873 2011 3,477 3,120 3,072 0 2,873 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 3,004 0

  8. Springboarding Building Energy Savings in India and the U.S. | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy Springboarding Building Energy Savings in India and the U.S. Springboarding Building Energy Savings in India and the U.S. October 5, 2015 - 12:44pm Addthis Figure 1: Energy Information Systems (EIS) comprise data acquisition meters, communication gateways, and performance monitoring software with visualization. EIS collect, analyze, and display building energy data, and enable site operational efficiency. (Source: LBNL) Figure 1: Energy Information Systems (EIS) comprise data

  9. Mapping Opportunities for U.S. Solar Exports to India | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Mapping Opportunities for U.S. Solar Exports to India Mapping Opportunities for U.S. Solar Exports to India October 3, 2014 - 12:47pm Addthis Fonroche site in Bikaner, Rajasthan using First Solar modules. | Photo courtesy of First Solar. Fonroche site in Bikaner, Rajasthan using First Solar modules. | Photo courtesy of First Solar. Fonroche site in Bikaner, Rajasthan using First Solar modules. | Photo courtesy of First Solar. Fonroche site in Bikaner, Rajasthan using First Solar

  10. Relation between facies, diagenesis, and reservoir quality of Rotliegende reservoirs in north Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, F.; Gast, R.; Kraft, T. (BEB Erdgas Erdol GmbH, Hannover (Germany))

    1993-09-01

    In north Germany, the majority of Rotliegende gas fields is confined to an approximately 50 km-wide east-west-orientated belt, which is situated on the gently north-dipping flank of the southern Permian basin. Approximately 400 billion m[sup 3] of natural gas has been found in Rotliegende reservoir sandstones with average porosities of depths ranging from 3500 to 5000 m. Rotliegende deposition was controlled by the Autunian paleo-relief, and arid climate and cyclic transgressions of the desert lake. In general, wadis and large dunefields occur in the hinterland, sebkhas with small isolate dunes and shorelines define the coastal area, and a desert lake occurs to the north. The sandstones deposited in large dunefields contain only minor amounts of illite, anhydrite, and calcite and form good reservoirs. In contrast, the small dunes formed in the sebkha areas were affected by fluctuations of the desert lake groundwaters, causing the infiltration of detrital clay and precipitation of gypsum and calcite. These cements were transformed to illite, anhydrite, and calcite-II during later diagenesis, leading to a significant reduction of the reservoir quality. The best reservoirs occur in the shoreline sandstones because porosity and permeability were preserved by early magnesium-chlorite diagenesis. Since facies controls diagenesis and consequently reservoir quality, mapping of facies also indicates the distribution of reservoir and nonreservoir rocks. This information is used to identify play area and to interpret and calibrate three-dimensional seismic data.

  11. Multi-criteria assessment of socio-environmental aspects in shrinking cities. Experiences from eastern Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schetke, Sophie Haase, Dagmar

    2008-10-15

    Demographic change and economic decline produce modified urban land use pattern and densities. Compared to the beginning of the 90s after the German reunification, nowadays massive housing and commercial vacancies followed by demolition and perforation come to pass in many cities of the former GDR. In consequence, a considerable surplus of urban brownfields has been created. Furthermore, the decline in the urban fabric affects social infrastructure and urban greenery of local neighbourhoods. Here, urban planning enters into 'uncharted territory' since it needs to assess the socio-environmental impact of shrinkage. In order to carry out such an evaluation quantitatively, a multi-criteria assessment scheme (MCA) was developed and applied. Firstly, we identified infrastructure and land use changes related to vacancy and demolition. Secondly, demolition scenarios for the coming 20 years were applied in order to give an idea for a long-term monitoring approach at the local district level. A multi-criteria indicator matrix quantifies the socio-environmental impact on both urban greenery and residents. Using it, we set demolition scenarios against urban 'quality of life' targets. Empirical evidence comes from Leipzig, in eastern Germany, a representative case study for urban shrinkage processes. The results show that shrinkage implies socio-environmental changes of residential livelihoods, however, does not simply increase or decrease the overall urban quality of life. The integrated assessment of all indicators identifies environmental and social opportunities, as well as the challenges a shrinking city is faced with.

  12. The evolution of the break preclusion concept for nuclear power plants in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schulz, H.

    1997-04-01

    In the updating of the Guidelines for PWR`s of the {open_quotes}Reaktor-Sicherheitskommission{close_quotes} (RSK) in 1981 the requirements on the design have been changed with respect to the postulated leaks and breaks in the primary pressure boundary. The major change was a revision in the requirements for pipe whip protection. As a logical consequence of the {open_quotes}concept of basic safety{close_quotes} a guillotine type break or any other break type resulting in a large opening is not postulated any longer for the calculation of reaction and jet forces. As an upper limit for a leak an area of 0, 1 A (A = open cross section of the pipe) is postulated. This decision was based on a general assessment of the present PWR system design in Germany. Since then a number of piping systems have been requalified in the older nuclear power plants to comply with the break preclusion concept. Also a number of extensions of the concept have been developed to cover also leak-assumptions for branch pipes. Furthermore due considerations have been given to other aspects which could contribute to a leak development in the primary circuit, like vessel penetrations, manhole covers, flanges, etc. Now the break preclusion concept originally applied to the main piping has been developed into an integrated concept for the whole pressure boundary within the containment and will be applied also in the periodic safety review of present nuclear power plants.

  13. Slide 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tri-Lateral Agreements (France and Japan) Japan China India Australia (Not Activated) ... working group engagements with China, India, Argentina, Brazil, Japan, and Russia and ...

  14. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  15. Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_ROSE_MARTYN_UPDATED_NMMSS_2014_Foreign...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, ...

  16. Microsoft Word - Foreign Obligation Codes.docx

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, ...

  17. 123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, ...

  18. 97fall.pgm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Challenges in Its Nuclear Future 9 Recent ... Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, ... of actinides from civilian nuclear power generation. ...

  19. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in reducing environments Opportunities for international collaboration France, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, Korea, Japan, China, Czech Republic, Canada, Finland, UK ......

  20. Heavy-metal contamination on training ranges at the Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zellmer, S.D.; Schneider, J.F.

    1993-05-01

    Large quantities of lead and other heavy metals are deposited in the environment of weapons ranges during training exercises. This study was conducted to determine the type, degree, and extent of heavy-metal contamination on selected handgun, rifle, and hand-grenade ranges at Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany. Soil, vegetation, and surface-water samples were collected and analyzed using the inductively-coupled plasma atomic-emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) method and the toxic characterization leaching procedure (TCLP). The ICP-AES results show that above-normal levels of lead and copper are in the surface soil at the handgun range, high concentrations of lead and copper are in the berm and soil surface at the rifle range, and elevated levels of cadmium and above-normal concentrations of arsenic, copper, and zinc are present in the surface soil at the hand-grenade range. The TCLP results show that surface soils can be considered hazardous waste because of lead content at the rifle range and because of cadmium concentration at the hand-grenade range. Vegetation at the handgun and rifle ranges has above-normal concentrations of lead. At the hand-grenade range, both vegetation and surface water have high levels of cadmium. A hand-held X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrum analyzer was used to measure lead concentrations in soils in a field test of the method. Comparison of XRF readings with ICP-AES results for lead indicate that the accuracy and precision of the hand-held XRF unit must improve before the unit can be used as more than a screening tool. Results of this study show that heavy-metal contamination at all three ranges is limited to the surface soil; heavy metals are not being leached into the soil profile or transported into adjacent areas.

  1. Sandia National Laboratories results for the 2010 criticality accident dosimetry exercise, at the CALIBAN reactor, CEA Valduc France.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, Dann C.

    2011-09-01

    This document describes the personal nuclear accident dosimeter (PNAD) used by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and presents PNAD dosimetry results obtained during the Nuclear Accident Dosimeter Intercomparison Study held 20-23 September, 2010, at CEA Valduc, France. SNL PNADs were exposed in two separate irradiations from the CALIBAN reactor. Biases for reported neutron doses ranged from -15% to +0.4% with an average bias of -7.7%. PNADs were also exposed on the back side of phantoms to assess orientation effects.

  2. Solid waste management in Kolkata, India: Practices and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazra, Tumpa; Goel, Sudha

    2009-01-15

    This paper presents an overview of current solid waste management (SWM) practices in Kolkata, India and suggests solutions to some of the major problems. More than 2920 ton/d of solid waste are generated in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) area and the budget allocation for 2007-2008 was Rs. 1590 million (US$40 million), which amounts to Rs. 265/cap-y (US$6.7/cap-d) on SWM. This expenditure is insufficient to provide adequate SWM services. Major deficiencies were found in all elements of SWM. Despite 70% of the SWM budget being allocated for collection, collection efficiency is around 60-70% for the registered residents and less than 20% for unregistered residents (slum dwellers). The collection process is deficient in terms of manpower and vehicle availability. Bin capacity provided is adequate but locations were found to be inappropriate, thus contributing to the inefficiency of the system. At this time, no treatment is provided to the waste and waste is dumped on open land at Dhapa after collection. Lack of suitable facilities (equipment and infrastructure) and underestimates of waste generation rates, inadequate management and technical skills, improper bin collection, and route planning are responsible for poor collection and transportation of municipal solid wastes.

  3. Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India Kajoli Krishnan 2011.07.28 The United Nations is committed to reducing global infant mortality rate (IMR) and maternal mortality ratio

  4. U.S. and India Hold the Second Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nuclear Energy Working Group | Department of Energy Hold the Second Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group U.S. and India Hold the Second Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group April 30, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis The United States hosted the second meeting of the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group at Idaho National Laboratory on April 28-30, 2009. This was the first meeting held by the Working Group since entry into force of

  5. Promoting India's development: energy security and climate security are convergent goals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajan, Gupta; Shankar, Harihar; Joshi, Sunjoy

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates three aspects of the energy-climate challenges faced by India. First, we examine energy security in light of anticipated growth in power generation in response to the national goal of maintaining close to 10% growth in GDP. Second, we examine possible options for mitigation and adaptation to climate change for India that it can take to the coming Copenhagen meeting on climate change. Lastly, we introduce an open web based tool for analyzing and planning global energy systems called the Global Energy Observatory (GEO).

  6. Freeport, TX Exports to India Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Exports to India Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Exports to India Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,120 2,873 2012 3,004 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas

  7. Disposal of LLW and ILW in Germany - Characterisation and Documentation of Waste Packages with Respect to the Change of Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandt, G.; Spicher, G.; Steyer, St.; Brennecke, P.

    2008-07-01

    Since the 1998 termination of LLW and ILW emplacement in the Morsleben repository (ERAM), Germany, the treatment, conditioning and documentation of radioactive waste products and packages have been continued on the basis of the waste acceptance requirements as of 1995, prepared for the Konrad repository near Salzgitter in Lower Saxony, Germany. The resulting waste products and packages are stored in interim storage facilities. Due to the Konrad license issued in 2002 the waste acceptance requirements have to be completed by additional requirements imposed by the licensing authority, e. g. for the declaration of chemical waste package constituents. Therefore, documentation of waste products and packages which are checked by independent experts and are in parts approved by the responsible authority (Office for Radiation Protection, BfS) up to now will have to be checked again for fulfilling the final waste acceptance requirements prior to disposal. In order to simplify these additional checks, databases are used to ensure an easy access to all known facts about the waste packages. A short balance of the existing waste products and packages which are already checked and partly approved by BfS as well as an overview on the established databases ensuring a fast access to the known facts about the conditioning processes is presented. (authors)

  8. Comparison of large central and small decentralized power generation in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-05-01

    This reports evaluates two options for providing reliable power to rural areas in India. The benefits and costs are compared for biomass based distributed generation (DG) systems versus a 1200-MW central grid coal-fired power plant. The biomass based DG systems are examined both as alternatives to grid extension and as supplements to central grid power. The benefits are divided into three categories: those associated with providing reliable power from any source, those associated specifically with biomass based DG technology, and benefits of a central grid coal plant. The report compares the estimated delivered costs of electricity from the DG systems to those of the central plant. The analysis includes estimates for a central grid coal plant and four potential DG system technologies: Stirling engines, direct-fired combustion turbines, fuel cells, and biomass integrated gasification combined cycles. The report also discusses issues affecting India`s rural electricity demand, including economic development, power reliability, and environmental concerns. The results of the costs of electricity comparison between the biomass DG systems and the coal-fired central grid station demonstrated that the DG technologies may be able to produce very competitively priced electricity by the start of the next century. The use of DG technology may provide a practical means of addressing many rural electricity issues that India will face in the future. Biomass DG technologies in particular offer unique advantages for the environment and for economic development that will make them especially attractive. 58 refs., 31 figs.

  9. DOE/NNSA visits Mumbai in support of India's Global Center for Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Energy Partnership | National Nuclear Security Administration visits Mumbai in support of India's Global Center for Nuclear Energy Partnership | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library

  10. Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India: An Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, Jayant; Gupta, Arjun

    2010-04-30

    Electricity demand has consistently exceeded available supply in India. While the electricity deficit varies across states, nationally it was estimated to be of the order of 12percent on peak and 11percent for electricity during 2008-09. This paper explores a demand-side focused potential for energy efficiency improvement to eliminate the electricity deficit compared to a business as usual (BAU) supply-side focused scenario. The limited availability of finance and other legal and administrative barriers have constrained the construction of new power plant capacity in India. As a result, under the BAU scenario, India continues to face an electricity deficit beyond the end of the Twelfth Five Year Plan. The demand-side cost-effective potential achieved through replacement of new electricity-using products, however, is large enough to eliminate the deficit as early as 2013 and subsequently reduce the future construction of power plants and thus reduce air pollutant emissions. Moreover, energy efficiency improvements cost a fraction of the cost for new supply and can lead to a substantial increase in India's economic output or gross domestic product (GDP). Eliminating the deficit permits businesses that have experienced electricity cutbacks to restore production. We estimate the size of the cumulative production increase in terms of the contribution to GDP at a $505 billion between 2009 and 2017, the end of India's Twelfth Five Year Plan, which may be compared with India's 2007-08 GDP of $911 billion. The economic output is influenced by the size of the electricity savings and rate of penetration of energy efficient technologies, and that of self-generation equipment and inverters used by businesses faced with electricity cuts. Generation and inverters are estimated to service 23percent of these customers in 2009, which increase to 48percent by 2020. The reduction in the construction and operation of new power plants reduces the cumulative CO2 emissions by 65 Mt, and those of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides by 0.4 Mt each, while also reducing India's imports of coal and natural gas. By 2020, the cumulative GDP benefit increases to $608 billion, the CO2 savings expand to 333 Mt and SO2 and NOx to 2.1 Mt.

  11. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.8 Active Solar Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    7 2009 Top 10 Destinations of U.S. Photovoltaic Cell and Module Export Shipments, by Country Peak Percent of Country U.S. Exports Germany Italy France Canada Belgium Spain China India South Korea Australia Total U.S. Exports Note(s): Source(s): 8,368 1% 681,427 100% Total U.S. exports of photovoltaic cells and modules increased by 47% from 2008 to 2009. EIA, Solar Photovoltaic Cell/Module Manufacturing Activities, Dec. 2010, Table 3.14. 18,297 3% 14,806 2% 12,581 2% 43,458 6% 27,247 4% 23,460 3%

  12. Bluer Skies and Brighter Days: The U.S. and India Collaborate in First Long-Term Climate Experiment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department's mobile climate facility makes a stop in the Ganges Valley in India. Find out how studying the relation of aerosols to monsoons will inform our climate studies.

  13. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    India (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to India (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,873 2011 3,477 3,120 3,072 0 2,873 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 3,004 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit U.S. Liquefied

  14. Areas for US-India civilian nuclear cooperation to prevent/mitigate radiological events.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balachandran, Gopalan; Forden, Geoffrey Ethan

    2013-01-01

    Over the decades, India and the United States have had very little formal collaboration on nuclear issues. Partly this was because neither country needed collaboration to make progress in the nuclear field. But it was also due, in part, to the concerns both countries had about the other's intentions. Now that the U.S.-India Deal on nuclear collaboration has been signed and the Hyde Act passed in the United States, it is possible to recognize that both countries can benefit from such nuclear collaboration, especially if it starts with issues important to both countries that do not touch on strategic systems. Fortunately, there are many noncontroversial areas for collaboration. This study, funded by the U.S. State Department, has identified a number of areas in the prevention of and response to radiological incidents where such collaboration could take place.

  15. THE DISTRIBUTION OF FAINT SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, C. Y.; Jing, Y. P.; Li, Cheng

    2012-11-20

    We investigate the radial number density profile and the abundance distribution of faint satellites around central galaxies in the low-redshift universe using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) Legacy Survey. We consider three samples of central galaxies with magnitudes of M {sub r} = -21, -22, and -23 selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey group catalog of Yang et al. The satellite distribution around these central galaxies is obtained by cross-correlating these galaxies with the photometric catalog of the CFHT Legacy Survey. The projected radial number density of the satellites obeys a power-law form with the best-fit logarithmic slope of -1.05, independent of both the central galaxy luminosity and the satellite luminosity. The projected cross-correlation function between central and satellite galaxies exhibits a non-monotonic trend with satellite luminosity. It is most pronounced for central galaxies with M {sub r} = -21, where the decreasing trend of clustering amplitude with satellite luminosity is reversed when satellites are fainter than central galaxies by more than 2 mag. A comparison with the satellite luminosity functions in the Milky Way (MW) and M31 shows that the MW/M31 system has about twice as many satellites as around a typical central galaxy of similar luminosity. The implications for theoretical models are briefly discussed.

  16. U.S.…India Joint Center for Buildings Energy Research and Development (CBERD)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -India Joint Center for Buildings Energy Research and Development (CBERD): Simulation & Modeling 2014 Building Technologies Office Peer Review CBERD promotes innovation in energy efficiency through collaborative research, contributing to significant reduction in energy use in both nations. Philip Haves, phaves@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Project Summary Timeline: Start date: 10/1/2012 Planned end date: 9/30/2017 Key Milestones 1. Beta version of code compliance tool;

  17. US India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) Monitoring and Benchmarking 2014 Building Technologies Office Peer Review CBERD promotes innovation in energy efficiency through collaborative research, contributing to significant reduction in building energy use in both nations. Reshma Singh, LEED AP; ReshmaSingh@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 2 Project Summary Timeline: Start date: Oct 2012; Planned end date: Sep 2017 Key Milestones 1. Sample

  18. US India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) : Controls and Communications Integration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) : Controls and Communications Integration 2014 Building Technologies Office Peer Review CBERD promotes innovation in energy efficiency through collaborative research, contributing to significant reduction in energy use in both nations. Rich Brown, REBrown@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Project Summary Timeline: Start date: Oct 2012; Planned end date: Sep 2017 Key Milestones Key Partners:

  19. US India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) : Controls and Communications Integration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) : Controls and Communications Integration 2015 Building Technologies Office Peer Review Rich Brown, REBrown@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 2 Project Summary Timeline: Start date: Oct 2012; Planned end date: Sep 2017 Key Milestones 1. Pilot lighting system deployment with open control interface (Fall 2014) 2. Transactional Network Volttron integration (Spring 2016) 3. Demonstrate transaction-based

  20. US India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD): Advanced HVAC Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Project Summary Timeline: Key Partners: Start date: Oct 2012; Planned end date: Sep 2017 Institutional partners Industry partners Key Milestones: Indian Institute of 1. Delphi, USA 1. Framework for chilled water system analysis and Technology Bombay (IITB) 2. Ingersoll Rand/Trane, USA* test facility specification document (Sep 2013) Malviya National Institute of 3. Oorja, India 2. Design and testing of DOAS system (Dec 2013) Technology Jaipur (MNITJ) 3. Integration of MCHX in 1.5 TR unitary

  1. US-India Center for Building Energy R&D (CBERD)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mathew, pamathew@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory US-India Center for Building Energy R&D (CBERD) Monitoring and Benchmarking 2015 Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2 Project Summary Timeline: Start date: Oct 2012; Planned end date: Sep 2017 Key Milestones 1. Technical specifications for cost-effective Energy Information Systems packages for hotels and hospitals. (Sep 2015) 2. New techniques to increase flexibility and applicability of whole-building benchmarking needs.

  2. US - India Partnership in Science and Technology, Environment and Health: Opportunities and Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulkarni, Satish V.

    2010-10-06

    Today, the US India strategic partnership is rooted in shared values and is broad in nature and scope, with our two countries working together on global and energy security, climate change and clean environment, life sciences and public health, economic prosperity and trade, and education. A key outcome of this partnership has been the signing of the historic Indo-US Civil Nuclear Deal. Science and technology (S&T) have always been important elements of this partnership, and US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Indian S&T Minister Kapil Sibal signed an agreement on S&T Cooperation between the two countries in October 2005. In March 2006, recognizing the expanding role of S&T, President George Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh formed a Bi-National S&T Commission and established a Joint S&T Endowment Fund focused on innovation, entrepreneurship and commercialization. In July 2009, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Indian Foreign Minister Krishna signed the Endowment Agreement with a total equivalent funding of $30M (equal contribution from US and India). While these steps take our engagement to new heights, US-India collaboration in S&T is not new and has been ongoing for several decades, principally through agencies like NSF, NIH, EPA, DOE, NASA, NOAA, the PL480 US-India Fund, and the Indian Diaspora. However, acting as a damper, especially during the cold war days, this engagement has been plagued by sanctions and the resulting tensions and mistrust which continue to linger on even today. In this context, several ongoing activities in energy, space, climate change and education will be highlighted. Also, with the S&T and the Civil Nuclear Agreements and climate change as examples, the interplay of science, policy and politics will be discussed.

  3. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members: John Deutch, Co-Chair; Frances Beinecke, Rafael Bras, Albert Carnesale, John

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members: John Deutch, Co-Chair; Frances Beinecke, Rafael Bras, Albert Carnesale, John Deutch, Shirley Ann Jackson, Paul Joskow, Steve Koonin, Arun Majumdar, Michael McQuade, Richard Meserve, Dan Reicher, Dan Yergin Date and Time: 2:00 - 2:45 PM, August 18, 2014 Location: Conference Call Purpose: Meeting of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) SEAB Staff: Karen Gibson, Designated Federal Officer

  4. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members: John Deutch, Co-Chair; Persis Drell, Co-Chair; Frances Beinecke; Albert

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Summary Minutes of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary of Energy Advisory Board Public Meeting Committee Members: John Deutch, Co-Chair; Persis Drell, Co-Chair; Frances Beinecke; Albert Carnesale; Shirley Jackson; Deborah Jin; Paul Joskow; Steven Koonin; Michael McQuade; Richard Meserve; Cherry Murray; Carmichael Roberts; Ram Shenoy; Martha Schlicher; Daniel Yergin Date and Time: 9:00 AM- 12:00 NOON, March 28, 2014 Location: U.S. Department of Energy Forrestal Building, 1000

  5. Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

    2013-09-25

    The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

  6. Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

    2013-01-31

    India is experiencing fast income growth and urbanization, and this leads to unprecedented increases in demand for building energy services and resulting energy consumption. In response to rapid growth in building energy use, the Government of India issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which is consistent with and based on the 2001 Energy Conservation Act. ECBC implementation has been voluntary since its enactment and a few states have started to make progress towards mandatory implementation. Rajasthan is the first state in India to adopt ECBC as a mandatory code. The State adopted ECBC with minor additions on March 28, 2011 through a stakeholder process; it became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have started to draft an implementation roadmap and build capacity for its implementation. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to encourage more states to adopt ECBC in the near future, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Delhi. Since its inception, India has applied the code on a voluntary basis, but the Government of India is developing a strategy to mandate compliance. Implementing ECBC requires coordination between the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Urban Development at the national level as well as interdepartmental coordination at the state level. One challenge is that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), the enforcement entities of building by-laws, lack capacity to implement ECBC effectively. For example, ULBs in some states might find the building permitting procedures to be too complex; in other cases, lack of awareness and technical knowledge on ECBC slows down the amendment of local building by-laws as well as ECBC implementation. The intent of this white paper is to share with Indian decision-makers code enforcement approaches: through code officials, third-party inspectors, or a hybrid approach. Given the limited capacity and human resources available in the state and local governments, involving third-party inspectors could rapidly expand the capacity for plan reviews and broad implementation. However, the procedures of involving third-parties need to be carefully designed in order to guarantee a fair process. For example, there should be multiple checks and certification requirements for third-party inspectors, and the government should have the final approval when third-party inspectors are used in a project. This paper discusses different approaches of involving third-parties in ECBC enforcement; the Indian states may choose the approaches that work best in their given circumstances.

  7. Feasibility/treatability studies for removal of heavy metals from training range soils at the Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, R.W.

    1995-05-01

    A feasibility/treatability study was performed to investigate the leaching potential of heavy metals (particularly lead) from soils at the Grafenw6hr Training Area (GTA) in Germany. The study included an evaluation of the effectiveness of chelant extraction to remediate the heavy-metal-contarninated soils. Batch shaker tests indicated that ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (0.01M) was more effective than citric acid (0.01M) at removing cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc. EDTA and citric acid were equally effective in mobilizing chromium and barium from the soil. The batch shaker technique with chelant extraction offers promise as a remediation technique for heavy-metal-contaninated soil at the GTA. Columnar flooding tests conducted as part of the study revealed that deionized water was the least effective leaching solution for mobilization of the heavy metals; the maximum solubilization obtained was 3.72% for cadmium. EDTA (0.05M) achieved the greatest removal of lead (average removal of 17.6%). The difficulty of extraction using deionized water indicates that all of the heavy metals are very tightly bound to the soil; therefore, they are very stable in the GTA soils and do not pose a serious threat to the groundwater system. Columnar flooding probably does not represent a viable remediation technique for in-situ cleanup of heavy-metal-contaminated soils at the GTA.

  8. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Black Forest Germany for the Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to other sites as determined. In 2007 the AMF operated in the Black Forest region of Germany as part of the Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study (COPS). Scientists studied rainfall resulting from atmospheric uplift (convection) in mountainous terrain, otherwise known as orographic precipitation. This was part of a six -year duration of the German Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting (QPF) Program. COPS was endorsed as a Research and Development Project by the World Weather Research Program. This program was established by the World Meteorological Organization to develop improved and cost-effective forecasting techniques, with an emphasis on high-impact weather. A large collection of data plots based on data streams from specific instruments used at Black Forest are available via a link from ARM's Black Forest site information page. Users will be requested to create a password, but the plots and the data files in the ARM Archive are free for viewing and downloading.

  9. Building Energy Efficiency in India: Compliance Evaluation of Energy Conservation Building Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Delgado, Alison

    2014-03-26

    India is experiencing unprecedented construction boom. The country doubled its floorspace between 2001 and 2005 and is expected to add 35 billion m2 of new buildings by 2050. Buildings account for 35% of total final energy consumption in India today, and building energy use is growing at 8% annually. Studies have shown that carbon policies will have little effect on reducing building energy demand. Chaturvedi et al. predicted that, if there is no specific sectoral policies to curb building energy use, final energy demand of the Indian building sector will grow over five times by the end of this century, driven by rapid income and population growth. The growing energy demand in buildings is accompanied by a transition from traditional biomass to commercial fuels, particularly an increase in electricity use. This also leads to a rapid increase in carbon emissions and aggravates power shortage in India. Growth in building energy use poses challenges to the Indian government. To curb energy consumption in buildings, the Indian government issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which applies to commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 kW or 120kVA. It is predicted that the implementation of ECBC can help save 25-40% of energy, compared to reference buildings without energy-efficiency measures. However, the impact of ECBC depends on the effectiveness of its enforcement and compliance. Currently, the majority of buildings in India are not ECBC-compliant. The United Nations Development Programme projected that code compliance in India would reach 35% by 2015 and 64% by 2017. Whether the projected targets can be achieved depends on how the code enforcement system is designed and implemented. Although the development of ECBC lies in the hands of the national government the Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the Ministry of Power, the adoption and implementation of ECBC largely relies on state and local governments. Six years after ECBCs enactment, only two states and one territory out of 35 Indian states and union territories formally adopted ECBC and six additional states are in the legislative process of approving ECBC. There are several barriers that slow down the process. First, stakeholders, such as architects, developers, and state and local governments, lack awareness of building energy efficiency, and do not have enough capacity and resources to implement ECBC. Second, institution for implementing ECBC is not set up yet; ECBC is not included in local building by-laws or incorporated into the building permit process. Third, there is not a systematic approach to measuring and verifying compliance and energy savings, and thus the market does not have enough confidence in ECBC. Energy codes achieve energy savings only when projects comply with codes, yet only few countries measure compliance consistently and periodic checks often indicate poor compliance in many jurisdictions. China and the U.S. appear to be two countries with comprehensive systems in code enforcement and compliance The United States recently developed methodologies measuring compliance with building energy codes at the state level. China has an annual survey investigating code compliance rate at the design and construction stages in major cities. Like many developing countries, India has only recently begun implementing an energy code and would benefit from international experience on code compliance. In this paper, we examine lessons learned from the U.S. and China on compliance assessment and how India can apply these lessons to develop its own compliance evaluation approach. This paper also provides policy suggestions to national, state, and local governments to improve compliance and speed up ECBC implementation.

  10. EA-1977: Acceptance and Disposition of Used Nuclear Fuel Containing U.S.-Origin Highly Enriched Uranium from the Federal Republic of Germany

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This environmental assessment (EA) will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to accept used nuclear fuel from the Federal Republic of Germany at DOEs Savannah River Site (SRS) for processing and disposition. This used nuclear fuel is composed of kernels containing thorium and U.S.-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) embedded in small graphite spheres that were irradiated in nuclear reactors used for research and development purposes.

  11. 2013-02-26 11.00 Why Are Residential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States_

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Why Are Residential PV Prices in Germany So Much Lower Than in the United States? Transcript February 26, 2013 Speakers: Galen Barbose, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Joachim Seel, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Courtney Kendall, U.S. Department of Energy Solar Technologies Office [Courtney Kendall - Slide 1]: Good afternoon. My name is Courtney Kendall from the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Technologies Office and I'd like to welcome you to today's webinar titled, "Why Are

  12. Avoiding 100 New Power Plants by Increasing Efficiency of Room Air Conditioners in India: Opportunities and Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol; Abhyankar, Nikit; Shah, Nihar

    2014-06-19

    Electricity demand for room ACs is growing very rapidly in emerging economies such as India. We estimate the electricity demand from room ACs in 2030 in India considering factors such as weather and income growth using market data on penetration of ACs in different income classes and climatic regions. We discuss the status of the current standards, labels, and incentive programs to improve the efficiency of room ACs in these markets and assess the potential for further large improvements in efficiency and find that efficiency can be improved by over 40percent cost effectively. The total potential energy savings from Room AC efficiency improvement in India using the best available technology will reach over 118 TWh in 2030; potential peak demand saving is found to be 60 GW by 2030. This is equivalent to avoiding 120 new coal fired power plants of 500 MW each. We discuss policy options to complement, expand and improve the ongoing programs to capture this large potential.

  13. Avoiding 100 new power plants by increasing efficiency of room air conditioners in India: opportunities and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol; Abhyankar, Nikit; Shah, Nihar

    2013-10-15

    Electricity demand for room ACs is growing very rapidly in emerging economies such as India. We estimate the electricity demand from room ACs in 2030 in India considering factors such as weather and income growth using market data on penetration of ACs in different income classes and climatic regions. We discuss the status of the current standards, labels, and incentive programs to improve the efficiency of room ACs in these markets and assess the potential for further large improvements in efficiency and find that efficiency can be improved by over 40% cost effectively. The total potential energy savings from Room AC efficiency improvement in India using the best available technology will reach over 118 TWh in 2030; potential peak demand saving is found to be 60 GW by 2030. This is equivalent to avoiding 120 new coal fired power plants of 500 MW each. We discuss policy options to complement, expand and improve the ongoing programs to capture this large potential.

  14. Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral; Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral

    2003-12-01

    The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

  15. Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Letschert, Virginie; McNeil, Michael; Zhou, Nan; Sathaye, Jayant

    2009-03-31

    The main contribution of this report is to characterize the underlying residential and transport sector end use energy consumption in India. Each sector was analyzed in detail. End-use sector-level information regarding adoption of particular technologies was used as a key input in a bottom-up modeling approach. The report looks at energy used over the period 1990 to 2005 and develops a baseline scenario to 2020. Moreover, the intent of this report is also to highlight available sources of data in India for the residential and transport sectors. The analysis as performed in this way reveals several interesting features of energy use in India. In the residential sector, an analysis of patterns of energy use and particular end uses shows that biomass (wood), which has traditionally been the main source of primary energy used in households, will stabilize in absolute terms. Meanwhile, due to the forces of urbanization and increased use of commercial fuels, the relative significance of biomass will be greatly diminished by 2020. At the same time, per household residential electricity consumption will likely quadruple in the 20 years between 2000 and 2020. In fact, primary electricity use will increase more rapidly than any other major fuel -- even more than oil, in spite of the fact that transport is the most rapidly growing sector. The growth in electricity demand implies that chronic outages are to be expected unless drastic improvements are made both to the efficiency of the power infrastructure and to electric end uses and industrial processes. In the transport sector, the rapid growth in personal vehicle sales indicates strong energy growth in that area. Energy use by cars is expected to grow at an annual growth rate of 11percent, increasing demand for oil considerably. In addition, oil consumption used for freight transport will also continue to increase .

  16. Frances I. Nwachuku

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    [[{"type":"media","view_mode":"media_large","fid":"885641","attributes":{"alt":"Portrait.jpg","class":"media-image caption","height":"480","style":"font-size: 12px; width: 360px; height: 450px;...

  17. India and the 21st Century Power Partnership; 21st Century Power Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-13

    Indian leadership has been crucial in both the establishment of the foundational capabilities of the Power Partnership as well as the realization of opportunities for applied policy implementation. Understanding policy regimes that support and accelerate the transition to clean, smart, efficient, affordable, and reliable electricity will help inform decisions that enable innovative solutions, or even disruptive innovations. India has already demonstrated a wide variety of business model innovation in a wide range of industries. Its potential to do the same in the power sector is an enormous opportunity. Indian contributions to international knowledge about the legal, regulatory and business environment will be an integral component of the Power Partnership program.

  18. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, Jayant; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Iyer, Maithili; McNeil, Michael; Kramer, Klaas Jan; Roy, Joyashree; Roy, Moumita; Chowdhury, Shreya Roy

    2011-04-15

    This report analyzed the potential for increasing energy efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in the non-residential building and the industrial sectors in India. The first two sections describe the research and analysis supporting the establishment of baseline energy consumption using a bottom up approach for the non residential sector and for the industry sector respectively. The third section covers the explanation of a modeling framework where GHG emissions are projected according to a baseline scenario and alternative scenarios that account for the implementation of cleaner technology.

  19. Best of Germany 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-08-15

    This supplement, sponsored by the German Engineering Federation, VDMA, includes a seven page article on the German mining industry, a two-page article on occupational health and safety; a three-page article on collaboration, consulting and finance in the German mining industry; and a 27 page article on German mining technology and its mining. A buyers guide gives details of German companies selling equipment for the mining industry.

  20. Best of Germany 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casteel, K.

    2008-07-01

    This supplement discusses German mining equipment and technology under the following sections: mining experience and machinery export; underground mining technology; surface mining technology; materials handling technology; coal and minerals processing technology; power technology; and automation, specialized components and materials. Manufacturers of the different equipment and their contact details are given. 4 figs.

  1. Made in Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2005-09-01

    This supplement was prepared in collaboration with the Association of German Mining Machine Manufacturers within VDMA to give an overview of German manufacturers' contribution to the coal industry. It has 18 short papers and a VDMA vendor matrix and directory. Papers include details of MAN Takraf's surface mining equipment, hydraulic shovels and excavators from Komatsu, Liebherr and Terex O & K, Siemens motors and electric control technology in trucks, shovels etc., new technology from DBT, IBS and Wirth, and low emission engines and drives from Deutz and DaimlerCrysler. 2 figs.

  2. Modeling Vulnerability and Resilience to Climate Change: A Case Study of India and Indian States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenkert, Antoinette L.; Malone, Elizabeth L.

    2005-09-01

    The vulnerability of India and Indian states to climate change was assessed using the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicator Prototype (VRIP). The model was adapted from the global/country version to account for Indian dietary practices and data availability with regard to freshwater resources. Results (scaled to world values) show nine Indian states to be moderately resilient to climate change, principally because of low sulfur emissions and a relatively large percentage of unmanaged land. Six states are more vulnerable than India as a whole, attributable largely to sensitivity to sea storm surges. Analyses of results at the state level (Orissa, and comparisons between Maharashtra and Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh) demonstrate the value of VRIP analyses used in conjunction with other socioeconomic information to address initial questions about the sources of vulnerability in particular places. The modeling framework allows analysts and stakeholders to systematically evaluate individual and sets of indicators and to indicate where the likely vulnerabilities are in the area being assessed.

  3. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007–2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Lüers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabø, Lief I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto; Hand, Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan H; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-01

    The International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for cooperation in Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind) Task 26—The Cost of Wind Energy represents an international collaboration dedicated to exploring past, present and future cost of wind energy. This report provides an overview of recent trends in wind plant technology, cost, and performance in those countries that are currently represented by participating organizations in IEA Wind Task 26: Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States as well as the European Union.

  4. Progress towards Managing Residential Electricity Demand: Impacts of Standards and Labeling for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, Michael A.; Iyer, Maithili

    2009-05-30

    The development of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L) began in earnest in India in 2001 with the Energy Conservation Act and the establishment of the Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). The first main residential appliance to be targeted was refrigerators, soon to be followed by room air conditioners. Both of these appliances are of critical importance to India's residential electricity demand. About 15percent of Indian households own a refrigerator, and sales total about 4 million per year, but are growing. At the same time, the Indian refrigerator market has seen a strong trend towards larger and more consumptive frost-free units. Room air conditioners in India have traditionally been sold to commercial sector customers, but an increasing number are going to the residential sector. Room air conditioner sales growth in India peaked in the last few years at 20percent per year. In this paper, we perform an engineering-based analysis using data specific to Indian appliances. We evaluate costs and benefits to residential and commercial sector consumers from increased equipment costs and utility bill savings. The analysis finds that, while the BEE scheme presents net benefits to consumers, there remain opportunities for efficiency improvement that would optimize consumer benefits, according to Life Cycle Cost analysis. Due to the large and growing market for refrigerators and air conditioners in India, we forecast large impacts from the standards and labeling program as scheduled. By 2030, this program, if fully implemented would reduce Indian residential electricity consumption by 55 TWh. Overall savings through 2030 totals 385 TWh. Finally, while efficiency levels have been set for several years for refrigerators, labels and MEPS for these products remain voluntary. We therefore consider the negative impact of this delay of implementation to energy and financial savings achievable by 2030.

  5. Secretary Chu Joins with World Leaders to Sign International...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IPEEC signatories included members of the G8 - Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and key emerging economies ...

  6. U.S. and Iceland Sign Bilateral Agreement to Develop Clean Geothermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nations represented in this week's events include Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Netherlands, ...

  7. Part 810-ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES Sec.

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... France Germany Greece Hungary Indonesia International Atomic Energy Agency Ireland Italy Japan Kazakhstan Korea, Republic of 23 1986 Version Final Rule (effective March 25, ...

  8. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Note: Total includes Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and ...

  9. Fact #643: October 4, 2010 Four Cylinder Engine Installations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United Kingdom from 1999 to 2009. The total amount includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, ...

  10. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Notes: Total car sales do not include light trucks. Western Europe data consists of the following 16 countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, ...

  11. Development of an Updated Induced Seismicity Protocol for the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as a resource management tool * High-profile press coverage has focused attention on ... Switzerland; Soultz, France; Landau, Germany - Oil and gas: Texas - Potential CO 2 ...

  12. Global Pathways Analysis Tool (GPAT)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pathways Analysis Tool (GPAT) (Sandia National Laboratories) Objectives Calculate least-cost pathways for hydrogen supply for eight participating countries: France, Germany, ...

  13. 14655 Section I

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Czech Republic Poland Denmark Portugal Djibouti Rwanda Equatorial Guinea Sao Tome and Principe Estonia Sierra Leone Finland Singapore France Slovak Republic Gambia Slovenia Germany...

  14. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (IAEA 1983; 2011) - Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) (NEA ... * Germany, Japan, Finland, France, South Korea, Spain, ... * Canada: Ontario Power Generation (OPG) Deep ...

  15. Recent Sandia International Used Nuclear Fuel Management Collaboration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & ... the European Union, Germany, France, Lithuania, Spain, and the Russian Federation. ...

  16. Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... gas, and electric power, except for hydroelectric and commercial nuclear power facilities. ... being Japan, Germany, United States, France, Korea, and China (see Figure 5). 50 ...

  17. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  18. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, the Peoples Republic of China, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States, and...

  19. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  20. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  1. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  2. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  3. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  4. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  5. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  6. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  7. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  8. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  10. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  11. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  12. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | LHC experiments eliminate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  13. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  14. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  15. Science & Technology - 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laue Langevin (ILL) in Grenoble, France, the Technical University of Darmstadt in Germany, and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble have conducted a...

  16. file://\\\\Bellview\\TeamWorks\\TRUTeamWorks.htm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    WIPP hosted 95 foreign visitors from Finland, China, South Korea, Japan, Sweden, Canda, Germany , France and the United Kingdom. Most came to benchmark WIPP for fledgling...

  17. Satellite-Based Solar Resource Data Sets for India 2002-2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sengupta, M.; Perez, R.; Gueymard, C.; Anderberg, M.; Gotseff, P.

    2014-02-01

    A new 10-km hourly solar resource product was created for India. This product was created using satellite radiances from the Meteosat series of satellites. The product contains global horizontal irradiances (GHI) and direct normal irradiances (DNI) for the period from 2002 to 2011. An additional solar resource data set covering the period from January 2012 to June 2012 was created solely for validation because this period overlaps ground measurements that were made available from the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy's (MNRE's) National Institute for Solar Energy for five stations that are part of MNRE's solar resource network. These measurements were quality checked using the SERI QC software and used to validate the satellite product. A comparison of the satellite product to the ground measurements for the five stations shows good agreement. This report also presents a comparison of the new version of solar resource data to the previous version, which covered the period from 2002 to 2008.

  18. Cold Crucible Induction Melting Technology for Vitrification of High Level Waste: Development and Status in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sugilal, G.; Sengar, P.B.S. [Nuclear Recycle Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai (India)

    2008-07-01

    Cold crucible induction melting is globally emerging as an alternative technology for the vitrification of high level radioactive waste. The new technology offers several advantages such as high temperature availability with long melter life, high waste loading, high specific capacity etc. Based on the laboratory and bench scale studies, an engineering scale cold crucible induction melter was locally developed in India. The melter was operated continuously to assess its performance. The electrical and thermal efficiencies were found to be in the range of 70-80 % and 10-20 % respectively. Glass melting capacities up to 200 kg m{sup -2} hr{sup -1} were accomplished using the ESCCIM. Industrially adaptable melter operating procedures for start-up, melting and pouring operations were established (author)

  19. Empirical Analysis of the Variability of Wind Generation in India: Implications for Grid Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol; Abhyankar, NIkit; Rao, Poorvi

    2014-06-17

    We analyze variability in load and wind generation in India to assess its implications for grid integration of large scale wind projects using actual wind generation and load data from two states in India, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. We compare the largest variations in load and net load (load ?wind, i.e., load after integrating wind) that the generation fleet has to meet. In Tamil Nadu, where wind capacity is about 53percent of the peak demand, we find that the additional variation added due to wind over the current variation in load is modest; if wind penetration reaches 15percent and 30percent by energy, the additional hourly variation is less than 0.5percent and 4.5percent of the peak demand respectively for 99percent of the time. For wind penetration of 15percent by energy, Tamil Nadu system is found to be capable of meeting the additional ramping requirement for 98.8percent of the time. Potential higher uncertainty in net load compared to load is found to have limited impact on ramping capability requirements of the system if coal plants can me ramped down to 50percent of their capacity. Load and wind aggregation in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka is found to lower the variation by at least 20percent indicating the benefits geographic diversification. These findings suggest modest additional flexible capacity requirements and costs for absorbing variation in wind power and indicate that the potential capacity support (if wind does not generate enough during peak periods) may be the issue that has more bearing on the economics of integrating wind

  20. Government policy and market penetration opportunities for US renewable energy technology in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Weingart, J.M.

    1988-01-01

    Some US renewable energy industries are now looking abroad, especially to the rapidly developing Asia-Pacific region, in order to increase sales and expand markets. The developing world appears in principle to be an important market for renewable energy technologies. These international markets have proven extremely difficult to penetrate, and the US competitive position is threatened by strong, well-organized, government-supported competition from Japan and Western Europe. For example, US photovoltaic manufacturers held 80% of the world PV market in 1980; today their market share is down to 35%. Less developed countries (LDCs) present a potentially significant but highly elusive market for renewable energy technologies. This market may develop for three major reasons; the shortage of electricity supply and the high cost of grid extension to rural areas, the high cost of oil imports and the scarcity of light oil products, and the gradual replacement of traditional fuels with modern ones. The focus of this report is on the policies and attitudes of national and regional governments in India and Pakistan towards renewable energy technology and how these policies and attitudes affect the potential for penetration of these markets by US industry. We have attempted to provide some useful insight into the actual market environment in India and Pakistan rather than just report on official laws, regulations, and policies. The report also examines the economics of technologies in comparison with more traditional sources of energy. It concentrates primarily on technologies, such as photovoltaics and wind electric systems, that would benefit from foreign participation, but also identifies potential market opportunities for advanced solar desalination and other renewable energy technologies. 31 refs.

  1. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) Task Force on the Future...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Future of Nuclear Power is composed of SEAB members and independent experts. Nuclear ... costs with other countries such as China, France, India, Japan, Russia, and South Korea ...

  2. Status Company Terminal Term

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    behalf and as an agent for others. (b) UK, Belguim, Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, Turkey, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Japan, S. Korea, India,...

  3. SECRETARY OF ENERGY ADVISORY BOARD (SEAB) TASK FORCE ON THE FUTURE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Are there prospects for sharing these large development costs with other countries such as China, France, India, Japan, Russia, and South Korea that have interest in expanding ...

  4. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 3, India and China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J.; Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M.; Deying, Xu

    1992-08-01

    As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

  5. India and Pakistan`s nuclear arms race: Out of the closet but not in the street

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D.

    1993-06-01

    CIA Director James Woolsey testified before the Senate on February 24, 1993, {open_quotes}The arms race between India and Pakistan poses perhaps the most probable prospect for future use of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Currently, both countries are dependent on relatively crude nuclear bombs that do not appear to have been deployed. According to US officials, because of fears of accidental nuclear detonation, both sides would only assemble their nuclear weapons when absolutely necessary. Nevertheless, according to Woolsey, both nations {open_quotes}could, on short notice, assemble nuclear weapons.{close_quotes} Each has combat aircraft that could deliver these bombs in a crisis. India and Pakistan continue to improve their nuclear weapons. Unless their programs are stopped, they might succeed in moving from large, cumbersome bombs to miniaturized, easily armed and fuzed weapons able to be permanently deployed on attack aircraft or ballistic missiles, which are being developed or sought by both countries.

  6. IEA: Renewable Energy to Grow During the Next 5 Years | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    capacity expected, China accounts for almost 40%, with the United States, India, Germany, and Brazil also contributing to the growth. The report presents detailed forecasts...

  7. GE Awarded DOE Funding to Pilot Carbon Capture Technology | GE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with sites in Niskayuna, New York; San Ramon, California; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Detroit, Michigan; Bangalore, India; Shanghai, China; Munich, Germany; and Rio de Janeiro,...

  8. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM's two mobile facilities have completed field campaigns in the United States, Africa, Germany, the Azores, India, and the Maldives. They are currently preparing for yearlong...

  9. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  10. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  11. CLIMATE CHANGE FUEL CELL PROGRAM 200 kW - PC25C FUEL CELL POWER PLANT FOR THE ST.-AGNES-HOSPITAL, BOCHOLT, GERMANY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dipl.-Ing. Knut Stahl

    2002-01-31

    Since the beginning of the Year 2001, the Saint-Agnes-Hospital in Bocholt, Germany, operates a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) to provide the base load of electrical power as well as heat in Winter and air conditioning in Summer. The project was made possible by federal funding from the U.S. Department of Energy as well as by a strategic alliance with the local utility company, the Bocholter Energie- und Wasserversorgung GmbH (BEW), and with the gas supplier of BEW, the Thyssengas GmbH. The fuel cell power plant is combined with an absorption chiller. It is highly efficient and has an excellent power to heat ratio. The operation during the first Year went smoothly and nearly free of trouble.

  12. Fbis report. Science and technology: Economic review, September 19, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-19

    ;Partial Contents: Germany: Braunschweig University Tests Organic Semiconductors; France: Ariane-5 Tests Suspended; First Tests in Euro-Russian RECORD Rocket Engine Program; France: Renault`s Multi-Model Assembly Line Presented; Germany: New High Speed Trains Under Development; France: Matra Test Drone, Missile Systems; France: Experimental Project for Automobile Recycling; Germany: Survey of Flexible Manufacturing Developments; Germany: Heinrich Hertz Institute Produces Polymer-Based Circuit; French Firms Introduce Computerized Control Room for Nuclear Plants; German Machine Tool Industry Calls for Information Technology Projects; Germany: R&D Achievements in Digital HDTV Reported; Hungary: Secondary Telecommunications Networks Described; EU: Mergers in Pharmaceutical Industry Reported; SGS-Thomson Business Performance Analyzed; Germany`s Siemens Invest Heavily in UK Semiconductor Plant.

  13. A Perspective of petroleum, natural gas, and coal bed methane on the energy security of India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghose, M.K.; Paul, B.

    2008-07-01

    The global energy requirement has grown at a phenomenal rate and the consumption of primary energy sources has been a very high positive growth. This article focuses on the consumption of different primary energy sources and it identifies that coal will continue to remain as the prime energy in the foreseeable future. It examines energy requirement perspectives for India and demands of petroleum, natural gas, and coal bed methane in the foreseeable future. It discusses the state of present day petroleum and petrochemical industries in the country and the latest advances in them to take over in the next few years. The regional pattern of consumption of primary energy sources shows that oil remains as the largest single source of primary energy in most parts of the world. However, gas dominates as the prime source in some parts of the world. Economic development and poverty alleviation depend on securing affordable energy sources and for the country's energy security; it is necessary to adopt the latest technological advances in petroleum and petrochemical industries by supportive government policies. But such energy is very much concerned with environmental degradation and must be driven by contemporary managerial acumen addressing environmental and social challenges effectively. Environmental laws for the abatement of environmental degradation are discussed in this paper. The paper concludes that energy security leading to energy independence is certainly possible and can be achieved through a planned manner.

  14. Development Of Regional Climate Mitigation Baseline For A DominantAgro-Ecological Zone Of Karnataka, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudha, P.; Shubhashree, D.; Khan, H.; Hedge, G.T.; Murthy, I.K.; Shreedhara, V.; Ravindranath, N.H.

    2007-06-01

    Setting a baseline for carbon stock changes in forest andland use sector mitigation projects is an essential step for assessingadditionality of the project. There are two approaches for settingbaselines namely, project-specific and regional baseline. This paperpresents the methodology adopted for estimating the land available formitigation, for developing a regional baseline, transaction cost involvedand a comparison of project-specific and regional baseline. The studyshowed that it is possible to estimate the potential land and itssuitability for afforestation and reforestation mitigation projects,using existing maps and data, in the dry zone of Karnataka, southernIndia. The study adopted a three-step approach for developing a regionalbaseline, namely: i) identification of likely baseline options for landuse, ii) estimation of baseline rates of land-use change, and iii)quantification of baseline carbon profile over time. The analysis showedthat carbon stock estimates made for wastelands and fallow lands forproject-specific as well as the regional baseline are comparable. Theratio of wasteland Carbon stocks of a project to regional baseline is1.02, and that of fallow lands in the project to regional baseline is0.97. The cost of conducting field studies for determination of regionalbaseline is about a quarter of the cost of developing a project-specificbaseline on a per hectare basis. The study has shown the reliability,feasibility and cost-effectiveness of adopting regional baseline forforestry sectormitigation projects.

  15. Commercialization of BNL design solar collector in India: Phase 1 report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilhelm, W.G.; Mubayi, V.

    1985-09-01

    The present market for solar thermal energy technologies in India is almost completely restricted to solar hot water and, in a smaller number, hot air systems. A few projects utilizing concentrating systems for producing steam and/or thermally generated electric power have been carried out but these are restricted to the R and D stage. Similarly, a few projects employing solar space heating have also been done in remote, mountainous areas but these are also at the R and D level. Based on interviews with knowledgeable observers, including officials of DNES/STEC, state ''nodal'' agencies responsible for implementing solar energy projects in different states, and flat plate collector/hot water systems manufacturers, it has been roughly estimated that between 90 to 95% of the hot water systems installed or under installation have been funded by government programs. This includes systems funded under Central Government programs by DNES and systems installed under State Government projects. The remaining 5 to 10% of the installations are in the private sector and are believed to be mostly small, domestic systems (100 liters per day of hot water at 60/sup 0/C).

  16. Planning India's long-term energy shipment infrastructures for electricity and coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian H. Bowen; Devendra Canchi; Vishal Agarwal Lalit; Paul V. Precke; F.T. Sparrow; Marty W. Irwin

    2010-01-15

    The Purdue Long-Term Electricity Trading and Capacity Expansion Planning Model simultaneously optimizes both the expansion of transmission and generation capacity. Most commercial electricity system planning software is limited to only transmission planning. An application of the model to India's national power grid, for 2008-2028, indicates substantial transmission expansion is the cost-effective means of meeting the needs of the nation's growing economy. An electricity demand growth rate of 4% over the 20-year planning horizon requires more than a 50% increase in the Government's forecasted transmission capacity expansion, and 8% demand growth requires more than a six-fold increase in the planned transmission capacity expansion. The model minimizes the long-term expansion costs (operational and capital) for the nation's five existing regional power grids and suggests the need for large increases in load-carrying capability between them. Changes in coal policy affect both the location of new thermal power plants and the optimal pattern inter-regional transmission expansions. 15 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

  17. Impact of post-mining subsidence on nitrogen transformation in southern tropical dry deciduous forest, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, N.; Singh, R.S.; Singh, J.S.

    2009-04-15

    The goal of our research was to assess the impact of post-mining land subsidence, caused due to underground coal mining operations, on fine root biomass and root tips count; plant available nutrient status, microbial biomass N (MBN) and N-mineralization rates of a Southern tropical dry deciduous forest of Singareni Coalfields of India. The changes were quantified in all the three (rainy, winter and summer) seasons, in slope and depression microsites of the subsided land and an adjacent undamaged forest microsite. Physico-chemical characteristics were found to be altered after subsidence, showing a positive impact of subsidence on soil moisture, bulk density, water holding capacity, organic carbon content, total N and total P. The increase in all the parameters was found in depression microsites, while in slope microsites, the values were lower. Fine root biomass and root tips count increased in the subsided depression microsites, as demonstrated by increases of 62% and 45%, respectively. Soil nitrate-N and phosphate-P concentrations were also found to be higher in depression microsite, showing an increase of 35.68% and 24.74%, respectively. Depression microsite has also shown the higher MBN value with an increase over control. Net nitrification, net N-mineralization and MBN were increased in depression microsite by 29.77%, 25.72% and 34%, respectively. There was a positive relation of microbial N with organic C, fine root biomass and root tips.

  18. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

    2000-11-01

    This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

  19. Development Of An Agroforestry Sequestration Project In KhammamDistrict Of India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudha, P.; Ramprasad, V.; Nagendra, M.D.V.; Kulkarni, H.D.; Ravindranath, N.H.

    2007-06-01

    Large potential for agroforestry as a mitigation option hasgiven rise to scientific and policy questions. This paper addressesmethodological issues in estimating carbon sequestration potential,baseline determination, additionality and leakage in Khammam district,Andhra Pradesh, southern part of India. Technical potential forafforestation was determined considering the various landuse options. Forestimating the technical potential, culturable wastelands, fallow andmarginal croplands were considered for Eucalyptus clonal plantations.Field studies for aboveground and below ground biomass, woody litter andsoil organic carbon for baseline and project scenario were conducted toestimate the carbon sequestration potential. The baseline carbon stockwas estimated to be 45.33 tC/ha. The additional carbon sequestrationpotential under the project scenario for 30 years is estimated to be12.82 tC/ha/year inclusive of harvest regimes and carbon emissions due tobiomass burning and fertilizer application. The project scenario thoughhas a higher benefit cost ratio compared to baseline scenario, initialinvestment cost is high. Investment barrier exists for adoptingagroforestry in thedistrict.

  20. Developing information-space Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamin, Tughral

    2014-06-01

    The Internet has changed the world in ways hitherto unknown. The international financial system, air, land and maritime transport systems are all digitally linked. Similarly most militaries are fully or partially networked. This has not only sped up the decision making processes at all levels, it has also rendered these systems vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Cyber-warfare is now recognized as the most potent form of non-kinetic war fighting. In order to prevent large scale network-attacks, cyber-powers are simultaneously spending a lot of time, money and effort to erect redundant cyber-defenses and enhancing their offensive cyber capabilities. Difficulties in creating a stable environment in information-space stem from differing national perceptions regarding the freedom of the Internet, application of international law and problems associated with attribution. This paper discusses a range of Confidence Building Measures that can be created between India and Pakistan in information-space to control malicious cyber behavior and avert an inadvertent war.

  1. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  2. Offshore Extension of Deccan Traps in Kachchh, Central Western India: Implications for Geological Sequestration Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandey, D. K.; Pandey, A.; Rajan, S.

    2011-03-15

    The Deccan basalts in central western India are believed to occupy large onshore-offshore area. Using geophysical and geological observations, onshore sub-surface structural information has been widely reported. On the contrary, information about offshore structural variations has been inadequate due to scarcity of marine geophysical data and lack of onshore-offshore lithological correlations. Till date, merely a few geophysical studies are reported that gauge about the offshore extent of Deccan Traps and the Mesozoic sediments (pre-Deccan). To fill this gap in knowledge, in this article, we present new geophysical evidences to demonstrate offshore continuation of the Deccan volcanics and the Mesozoic sediments. The offshore multi-channel seismic and onshore-offshore lithological correlations presented here confirm that the Mesozoic sedimentary column in this region is overlain by 0.2-1.2-km-thick basaltic cover. Two separate phases of Mesozoic sedimentation, having very distinctive physical and lithological characteristics, are observed between overlying basaltic rocks and underlying Precambrian basement. Using onshore-offshore seismic and borehole data this study provides new insight into the extent of the Deccan basalts and the sub-basalt structures. This study brings out a much clearer picture than that was hitherto available about the offshore continuation of the Deccan Traps and the Mesozoic sediments of Kachchh. Further, its implications in identifying long-term storage of anthropogenic CO{sub 2} within sub-basalt targets are discussed. The carbon sequestration potential has been explored through the geological assessment in terms of the thickness of the strata as well as lithology.

  3. Soil Iodine Determination in Deccan Syneclise, India: Implications for Near Surface Geochemical Hydrocarbon Prospecting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mani, Devleena; Kumar, T. Satish; Rasheed, M. A.; Patil, D. J.; Dayal, A. M.; Rao, T. Gnaneshwar; Balaram, V.

    2011-03-15

    The association of iodine with organic matter in sedimentary basins is well documented. High iodine concentration in soils overlying oil and gas fields and areas with hydrocarbon microseepage has been observed and used as a geochemical exploratory tool for hydrocarbons in a few studies. In this study, we measure iodine concentration in soil samples collected from parts of Deccan Syneclise in the west central India to investigate its potential application as a geochemical indicator for hydrocarbons. The Deccan Syneclise consists of rifted depositional sites with Gondwana-Mesozoic sediments up to 3.5 km concealed under the Deccan Traps and is considered prospective for hydrocarbons. The concentration of iodine in soil samples is determined using ICP-MS and the values range between 1.1 and 19.3 ppm. High iodine values are characteristic of the northern part of the sampled region. The total organic carbon (TOC) content of the soil samples range between 0.1 and 1.3%. The TOC correlates poorly with the soil iodine (r{sup 2} < 1), indicating a lack of association of iodine with the surficial organic matter and the possibility of interaction between the seeping hydrocarbons and soil iodine. Further, the distribution pattern of iodine compares well with two surface geochemical indicators: the adsorbed light gaseous hydrocarbons (methane through butane) and the propane-oxidizing bacterial populations in the soil. The integration of geochemical observations show the occurrence of elevated values in the northern part of the study area, which is also coincident with the presence of exposed dyke swarms that probably serve as conduits for hydrocarbon microseepage. The corroboration of iodine with existing geological, geophysical, and geochemical data suggests its efficacy as one of the potential tool in surface geochemical exploration of hydrocarbons. Our study supports Deccan Syneclise to be promising in terms of its hydrocarbon prospects.

  4. Low carbon and clean energy scenarios for India: Analysis of targets approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shukla, Priyadarshi R.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav

    2012-12-01

    Low carbon energy technologies are gaining increasing importance in India for reducing emissions as well as diversifying its energy supply mix. The present paper presents and analyses a targeted approach for pushing solar, wind and nuclear technologies in the Indian energy market. Targets for these technologies have been constructed on the basis of Indian government documents, policy announcements and expert opinion. Different targets have been set for the reference scenario and the carbon price scenario. In the reference scenario it is found that in the long run all solar, wind and nuclear will achieve their targets without any subsidy push. In the short run however, nuclear and solar energy require significant subsidy push. Nuclear energy requires a much higher subsidy allocation as compared to solar because the targets assumed are also higher for nuclear energy. Under a carbon price scenario, the carbon price drives the penetration of these technologies significantly. Still subsidy is required especially in the short run when the carbon price is low. It is also found that pushing solar, wind and nuclear technologies might lead to decrease in share of CCS under the price scenario and biomass under both BAU and price scenario, which implies that one set of low carbon technologies is substituted by other set of low carbon technologies. Thus the objective of emission mitigation might not be achieved due to this substitution. Moreover sensitivity on nuclear energy cost was done to represent risk mitigation for this technology and it was found that higher cost can significantly decrease the share of this technology under both the BAU and carbon price scenario.

  5. Uncertainty in Resilience to Climate Change in India and Indian States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malone, Elizabeth L.; Brenkert, Antoinette L.

    2008-10-03

    This study builds on an earlier analysis of resilience of India and Indian states to climate change. The previous study (Brenkert and Malone 2005) assessed current resilience; this research uses the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicators Model (VRIM) to project resilience to 2095 and to perform an uncertainty analysis on the deterministic results. Projections utilized two SRES-based scenarios, one with fast-and-high growth, one with delayed growth. A detailed comparison of two states, the Punjab and Orissa, points to the kinds of insights that can be obtained using the VRIM. The scenarios differ most significantly in the timing of the uncertainty in economic prosperity (represented by GDP per capita) as a major factor in explaining the uncertainty in the resilience index. In the fast-and-high growth scenario the states differ most markedly regarding the role of ecosystem sensitivity, land use and water availability. The uncertainty analysis shows, for example, that resilience in the Punjab might be enhanced, especially in the delayed growth scenario, if early attention is paid to the impact of ecosystems sensitivity on environmental well-being of the state. By the same token, later in the century land-use pressures might be avoided if land is managed through intensification rather than extensification of agricultural land. Thus, this methodology illustrates how a policy maker can be informed about where to focus attention on specific issues, by understanding the potential changes at a specific location and time and, thus, what might yield desired outcomes. Model results can point to further analyses of the potential for resilience-building.

  6. Climate change and forests in India: note from the guest editors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravindtranath, N.H.; Aaheim, Asbjporn

    2010-12-23

    Forestry is one of the most important sectors in the context of climate change. It lies at the center-stage of global mitigation and adaptation efforts. Yet, it is one of the least understood sectors, especially in tropical zones, which constitute a significant portion of the global forests. Recently, there has been a growing interest in forests in addressing global climate change. The IPCC Assessment Report 4 (2007) Chapters related to forests have highlighted the limited number of studies on the impact of climate change on forests at the regional, national and sub-national level, while policy makers need information at these scales. Further, implication of projected climate change on mitigation potential of forest sector is only briefly mentioned in the IPCC report, with limited literature to support the conclusions. India is one among the top ten nations in the world in terms of forest cover. It is also sixth among the tropical countries in terms of forested area. As IPCC Assessment Report 5 work is about to be initiated soon, studies on the impact of climate change on forests as well as the mitigation potential of the forest sector, particularly at regional and national level, will be of great interest to the scientific and policy community. In order to conserve the carbon stored in forests and to reduce CO2 emissions from the forest sector, the Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) mechanism is now being finalized under the UNFCCC. In this context, climate change itself may affect the mitigation potential significantly, and it is important to understand how vulnerable the forest carbon stock (biomass and soil) in the tropics is to the projected climate change. In fact, there is a need to study the impact of climate change on forests for all the major forested countries

  7. Municipal solid waste management in India: From waste disposal to recovery of resources?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narayana, Tapan

    2009-03-15

    Unlike that of western countries, the solid waste of Asian cities is often comprised of 70-80% organic matter, dirt and dust. Composting is considered to be the best option to deal with the waste generated. Composting helps reduce the waste transported to and disposed of in landfills. During the course of the research, the author learned that several developing countries established large-scale composting plants that eventually failed for various reasons. The main flaw that led to the unsuccessful establishment of the plants was the lack of application of simple scientific methods to select the material to be composted. Landfills have also been widely unsuccessful in countries like India because the landfill sites have a very limited time frame of usage. The population of the developing countries is another factor that detrimentally impacts the function of landfill sites. As the population keeps increasing, the garbage quantity also increases, which, in turn, exhausts the landfill sites. Landfills are also becoming increasingly expensive because of the rising costs of construction and operation. Incineration, which can greatly reduce the amount of incoming municipal solid waste, is the second most common method for disposal in developed countries. However, incinerator ash may contain hazardous materials including heavy metals and organic compounds such as dioxins, etc. Recycling plays a large role in solid waste management, especially in cities in developing countries. None of the three methods mentioned here are free from problems. The aim of this study is thus to compare the three methods, keeping in mind the costs that would be incurred by the respective governments, and identify the most economical and best option possible to combat the waste disposal problem.

  8. Statistical and systematic errors in the measurement of weak-lensing Minkowski functionals: Application to the Canada-France-Hawaii Lensing Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirasaki, Masato; Yoshida, Naoki

    2014-05-01

    The measurement of cosmic shear using weak gravitational lensing is a challenging task that involves a number of complicated procedures. We study in detail the systematic errors in the measurement of weak-lensing Minkowski Functionals (MFs). Specifically, we focus on systematics associated with galaxy shape measurements, photometric redshift errors, and shear calibration correction. We first generate mock weak-lensing catalogs that directly incorporate the actual observational characteristics of the Canada-France-Hawaii Lensing Survey (CFHTLenS). We then perform a Fisher analysis using the large set of mock catalogs for various cosmological models. We find that the statistical error associated with the observational effects degrades the cosmological parameter constraints by a factor of a few. The Subaru Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) survey with a sky coverage of ?1400 deg{sup 2} will constrain the dark energy equation of the state parameter with an error of ?w {sub 0} ? 0.25 by the lensing MFs alone, but biases induced by the systematics can be comparable to the 1? error. We conclude that the lensing MFs are powerful statistics beyond the two-point statistics only if well-calibrated measurement of both the redshifts and the shapes of source galaxies is performed. Finally, we analyze the CFHTLenS data to explore the ability of the MFs to break degeneracies between a few cosmological parameters. Using a combined analysis of the MFs and the shear correlation function, we derive the matter density ?{sub m0}=0.256{sub 0.046}{sup 0.054}.

  9. Foreign experience on effects of extended dry storage on the integrity of spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.

    1992-04-01

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of foreign experience in dry storage of spent fuel from nuclear power reactors that was carried out for the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The report reviews the mechanisms for degradation of spent fuel cladding and fuel materials in dry storage, identifies the status and plans of world-wide experience and applications, and documents the available information on the expected long-term integrity of the dry-stored spent fuel from actual foreign experience. Countries covered in this survey are: Argentina, Canada, Federal Republic of Germany (before reunification with the former East Germany), former German Democratic Republic (former East Germany), France, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the former USSR (most of these former Republics are now in the Commonwealth of Independent States [CIS]). Industrial dry storage of Magnox fuels started in 1972 in the United Kingdom; Canada began industrial dry storage of CANDU fuels in 1980. The technology for safe storage is generally considered to be developed for time periods of 30 to 100 years for LWR fuel in inert gas and for some fuels in oxidizing gases at low temperatures. Because it will probably be decades before countries will have a repository for spent fuels and high-level wastes, the plans for expanded use of dry storage have increased significantly in recent years and are expected to continue to increase in the near future.

  10. Foreign experience on effects of extended dry storage on the integrity of spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.

    1992-04-01

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of foreign experience in dry storage of spent fuel from nuclear power reactors that was carried out for the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The report reviews the mechanisms for degradation of spent fuel cladding and fuel materials in dry storage, identifies the status and plans of world-wide experience and applications, and documents the available information on the expected long-term integrity of the dry-stored spent fuel from actual foreign experience. Countries covered in this survey are: Argentina, Canada, Federal Republic of Germany (before reunification with the former East Germany), former German Democratic Republic (former East Germany), France, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the former USSR (most of these former Republics are now in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)). Industrial dry storage of Magnox fuels started in 1972 in the United Kingdom; Canada began industrial dry storage of CANDU fuels in 1980. The technology for safe storage is generally considered to be developed for time periods of 30 to 100 years for LWR fuel in inert gas and for some fuels in oxidizing gases at low temperatures. Because it will probably be decades before countries will have a repository for spent fuels and high-level wastes, the plans for expanded use of dry storage have increased significantly in recent years and are expected to continue to increase in the near future.

  11. NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Ryan France

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    physics from Washington University in St. Louis, after which he researched single- and multi-crystalline silicon solar cells at the University of New South Wales. He then...

  12. Atmospheric Radiation Measurment (ARM) Data from the Ganges Valley, India for the Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    In 2011 and 2012, the Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX) began in the Ganges Valley region of India. The objective was to obtain measurements of clouds, precipitation, and complex aerosols to study their impact on cloud formation and monsoon activity in the region. During the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) field studies, aerosols from the Ganges Valley region were shown to affect cloud formation and monsoon activity over the Indian Ocean. The complex field study used the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to measure radiative, cloud, convection, and aerosol characteristics over the mainland. The resulting data set captured pre-monsoon to post-monsoon conditions to establish a comprehensive baseline for advancements in the study of the effects of atmospheric conditions of the Ganges Valley.

  13. Assessment of Historic Trend in Mobility and Energy Use in India Transportation Sector Using Bottom-up Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.

    2009-05-01

    Transportation mobility in India has increased significantly in the past decades. From 1970 to 2000, motorized mobility (passenger-km) has risen by 888%, compared with an 88% population growth (Singh,2006). This contributed to many energy and environmental issues, and an energy strategy incorporates efficiency improvement and other measures needs to be designed. Unfortunately, existing energy data do not provide information on driving forces behind energy use and sometime show large inconsistencies. Many previous studies address only a single transportation mode such as passenger road travel; did not include comprehensive data collection or analysis has yet been done, or lack detail on energy demand by each mode and fuel mix. The current study will fill a considerable gap in current efforts, develop a data base on all transport modes including passenger air and water, and freight in order to facilitate the development of energy scenarios and assess significance of technology potential in a global climate change model. An extensive literature review and data collection has been done to establish the database with breakdown of mobility, intensity, distance, and fuel mix of all transportation modes. Energy consumption was estimated and compared with aggregated transport consumption reported in IEA India transportation energy data. Different scenarios were estimated based on different assumptions on freight road mobility. Based on the bottom-up analysis, we estimated that the energy consumption from 1990 to 2000 increased at an annual growth rate of 7% for the mid-range road freight growth case and 12% for the high road freight growth case corresponding to the scenarios in mobility, while the IEA data only shows a 1.7% growth rate in those years.

  14. FBIS report. Science and technology: Europe/International, March 29, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-03-29

    ;Partial Contents: Advanced Materials (EU Project to Improve Production in Metal Matrix Compounds Noted, Germany: Extremely Hard Carbon Coating Development, Italy: Director of CNR Metallic Materials Institute Interviewed); Aerospace (ESA Considers Delays, Reductions as Result of Budget Cuts, Italy: Space Agency`s Director on Restructuring, Future Plans); Automotive, Transportation (EU: Clean Diesel Engine Technology Research Reviewed); Biotechnology (Germany`s Problems, Successes in Biotechnology Discussed); Computers (EU Europort Parallel Computing Project Concluded, Italy: PQE 2000 Project on Massively Parallel Systems Viewed); Defense R&D (France: Future Tasks of `Brevel` Military Intelligence Drone Noted); Energy, Environment (German Scientist Tests Elimination of Phosphates); Advanced Manufacturing (France: Advanced Rapid Prototyping System Presented); Lasers, Sensors, Optics (France: Strategy of Cilas Laser Company Detailed); Microelectronics (France: Simulation Company to Develop Microelectronic Manufacturing Application); Nuclear R&D (France: Megajoule Laser Plan, Cooperation with Livermore Lab Noted); S&T Policy (EU Efforts to Aid Small Companies` Research Viewed); Telecommunications (France Telecom`s Way to Internet).

  15. In-country and lending institution environmental requirements for thermal power plants in the Philippines and India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, A.T.; Khanna, R.

    1996-11-01

    Diverse environmental reviews and approvals are required by both Government and non-government organizations (NGOs) for licensing or permitting of major thermal power plants in Asia; specifically, India and Philippines. The number and type of approvals required for a specific project vary depending on site characteristics, fuel source, project-specific design and operating parameters as well as type of project financing. A model 400 MW coal-fired project located in Asia is presented to illustrate the various lender and host country environmental guidelines. A case study of the environmental reviews and approvals for Ogden Quezon Power, Inc. Project (Quezon Province, Republic of the Philippines) is also included. A list of acronyms is provided at the paper`s end. As independent power project (IPP) developers seek financing for these capital-intensive infrastructure projects, a number of international finance/lending institutions are likely to become involved. Each lender considers different environmental aspects of a project. This paper compares relevant environmental requirements of various lenders which finance IPPs and their interest in a project`s environmental review. Finally, the authors of this paper believe that the environmental review process can bring together many parties involved with IPP development, including local and central governments, non government organizations, various lenders (such as multilateral and export credit agencies) as well as project proponents. Environmental review provides input opportunity for interested and affected parties. Airing environmental issues in open forums such as public hearings or meetings helps ensure projects are not evaluated without public input.

  16. Public-Private roundtables at the fourth Clean Energy Ministerial, 17-18 April 2013, New Delhi, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crowe, Tracey

    2013-06-30

    The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) is a high-level global forum to share best practices and promote policies and programs that advance clean energy technologies and accelerate the transition to a global clean energy economy. The CEM works to increase energy efficiency, expand clean energy supply, and enhance clean energy access worldwide. To achieve these goals, the CEM pursues a three-part strategy that includes high-level policy dialogue, technical cooperation, and engagement with the private sector and other stakeholders. Each year, energy ministers and other high-level delegates from the 23 participating CEM governments come together to discuss clean energy, review clean energy progress, and identify tangible next steps to accelerate the clean energy transition. The U.S. Department of Energy, which played a crucial role in launching the CEM, hosted the first annual meeting of energy ministers in Washington, DC, in June 2010. The United Arab Emirates hosted the second Clean Energy Ministerial in 2011, and the United Kingdom hosted the third Clean Energy Ministerial in 2012. In April 2013, India hosted the fourth Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM4) in New Delhi. Key insights from CEM4 are summarized in the report. It captures the ideas and recommendations of the government and private sector leaders who participated in the discussions on six discussion topics: reducing soft costs of solar PV; energy management systems; renewables policy and finance; clean vehicle adoption; mini-grid development; and power systems in emerging economies.

  17. Energy conservation and electricity sector liberalization: Case-studies on the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slingerland, S.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom are compared. It is discussed to what extent these developments are determined by the liberalization process. Three key liberalization variables are identified: unbundling, privatization and introduction of competition. The analysis suggests that unbundling prior to introduction of full competition in generation is particularly successful in stimulating industrial cogeneration; simultaneous introduction of competition and unbundling mainly stimulates non-cogeneration gas-based capacity; and introduction of competition in itself is likely to impede the development of district-heating cogeneration. Furthermore, it is argued that development of wind energy and demand-side management are primarily dependent on the kind of support system set up by policy makers rather than on the liberalization process. Negative impacts of introduction of competition on integrated resource planning and commercial energy services could nevertheless be expected.

  18. Using Cool Roofs to Reduce Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Urban Heat-island Effects: Findings from an India Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, Hashem; Xu, Tengfang; Taha, Haider; Wray, Craig; Sathaye, Jayant; Garg, Vishal; Tetali, Surekha; Babu, M. Hari; Reddy, K. Niranjan

    2011-05-25

    Cool roofs, cool pavements, and urban vegetation reduce energy use in buildings, lower local air pollutant concentrations, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions from urban areas. This report summarizes the results of a detailed monitoring project in India and related simulations of meteorology and air quality in three developing countries. The field results quantified direct energy savings from installation of cool roofs on individual commercial buildings. The measured annual energy savings potential from roof-whitening of previously black roofs ranged from 20-22 kWh/m2 of roof area, corresponding to an air-conditioning energy use reduction of 14-26% in commercial buildings. The study estimated that typical annual savings of 13-14 kWh/m2 of roof area could be achieved by applying white coating to uncoated concrete roofs on commercial buildings in the Metropolitan Hyderabad region, corresponding to cooling energy savings of 10-19%. With the assumption of an annual increase of 100,000 square meters of new roof construction for the next 10 years in the Metropolitan Hyderabad region, the annual cooling energy savings due to whitening concrete roof would be 13-14 GWh of electricity in year ten alone, with cumulative 10-year cooling energy savings of 73-79 GWh for the region. The estimated savings for the entire country would be at least 10 times the savings in Hyderabad, i.e., more than 730-790 GWh. We estimated that annual direct CO2 reduction associated with reduced energy use would be 11-12 kg CO2/m2 of flat concrete roof area whitened, and the cumulative 10-year CO2 reduction would be approximately 0.60-0.65 million tons in India. With the price of electricity estimated at seven Rupees per kWh, the annual electricity savings on air-conditioning would be approximately 93-101 Rupees per m2 of roof. This would translate into annual national savings of approximately one billion Rupees in year ten, and cumulative 10-year savings of over five billion Rupees for cooling energy in India. Meteorological simulations in this study indicated that a reduction of 2C in air temperature in the Hyderabad area would be likely if a combination of increased surface albedo and vegetative cover are used as urban heat-island control strategies. In addition, air-temperature reductions on the order of 2.5-3.5C could be achieved if moderate and aggressive heat-island mitigation measures are adopted, respectively. A large-scale deployment of mitigation measures can bring additional indirect benefit to the urban area. For example, cooling outside air can improve the efficiency of cooling systems, reduce smog and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and indirectly reduce pollution from power plants - all improving environmental health quality. This study has demonstrated the effectiveness of cool-roof technology as one of the urban heat-island control strategies for the Indian industrial and scientific communities and has provided an estimate of the national energy savings potential of cool roofs in India. These outcomes can be used for developing cool-roof building standards and related policies in India. Additional field studies, built upon the successes and lessons learned from this project, may be helpful to further confirm the scale of potential energy savings from the application of cooler roofs in various regions of India. In the future, a more rigorous meteorological simulation using urbanized (meso-urban) meteorological models should be conducted, which may produce a more accurate estimate of the air-temperature reductions for the entire urban area.

  19. Panel 4, Hydrogen Energy Storage Policy Considerations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 0.8% 1.2% 1.0% 1.4% 1.6% 1.8% 2% Sweden Belgium UK France Germany Switzerland Holland Austria Source: ITM Power SoCalGas Biogas Standards Development 2007 -- Initiated evaluation ...

  20. Secretary Chu's powerpoint for a speech commemorating the 50th...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Country Fatalities Italy 18,257 France 14,802 Germany 7,000 Spain 4,130 ... reserves not yet included) Nuclear and hydro-power declined, so the fraction of ...

  1. SHE2015 Poster V01

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    31 - April 02, 2015 Advisory Committee S.N. Dmitriev (JINR, Russia) C.E. Duellmann (GSI, Germany) S. Gales (GANIL, France) C.K. Gelbke (FRIB, USA) J.H. Hamilton (Vanderbilt, USA)...

  2. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than 90% of Syria's oil exports went to countries in the European Union (E.U.), with Germany, Italy, France and the Netherlands as the largest buyers. But while crude exports to...

  3. Electronically- and crystal-structure-driven magnetic structures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Institut Lauer-Langevin, Grenoble (France) TIFR, Mumbai (India) Inst. SPIN-CNR, Genova (Italy); Univ. of Genova (Italy); Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States) Ames Lab., Ames, IA ...

  4. Bioenergy Technologies Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Our goal is to make this new kind of ethanol practical and competitive within six years U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil Rate of Use France S. Korea Brazil Canada India Russia ...

  5. Biogas systems in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lichtman, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    In addition to an analysis of household energy consumption, three scenarios are presented for the economic analysis of energy systems used for cooking, lighting, irrigation, and rice husk-cement manufacture. Digester design and feedstock variations are discussed. Problems such as gas pricing, sociological problems of distribution to diverse ethnic groups, and the complexity of technology transfer are mentioned. (CKK)

  6. Paris, France: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Agency (IEA) Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) Registered Energy...

  7. Women @ Energy: Frances Alston | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    My inspiration to work in STEM came from my father. He was involved in an on the job ... My recommendation for anyone interested in the field of Environment Safety & Health (ES&H) ...

  8. Heat Flow and Gas Hydrates on the Continental Margin of India: Building on Results from NGHP Expedition 01

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trehu, Anne; Kannberg, Peter

    2011-06-30

    The Indian National Gas Hydrate Program (NGHP) Expedition 01 presented the unique opportunity to constrain regional heat flow derived from seismic observations by using drilling data in three regions on the continental margin of India. The seismic bottom simulating reflection (BSR) is a well-documented feature in hydrate bearing sediments, and can serve as a proxy for apparent heat flow if data are available to estimate acoustic velocity and density in water and sediments, thermal conductivity, and seafloor temperature. Direct observations of temperature at depth and physical properties of the sediment obtained from drilling can be used to calibrate the seismic observations, decreasing the uncertainty of the seismically-derived estimates. Anomalies in apparent heat flow can result from a variety of sources, including sedimentation, erosion, topographic refraction and fluid flow. We constructed apparent heat flow maps for portions of the Krishna-Godavari (K-G) basin, the Mahanadi basin, and the Andaman basin and modeled anomalies using 1-D conductive thermal models. Apparent heat flow values in the Krishna-Godavari (K-G) basin and Mahanadi basin are generally 0.035 to 0.055 watts per square meter (W/m2). The borehole data show an increase in apparent heat flow as water depth increases from 900 to 1500 m. In the SW part of the seismic grid, 1D modeling of the effect of sedimentation on heat flow shows that ~50% of the observed increase in apparent heat flow with increasing water depth can be attributed to trapping of sediments behind a "toe-thrust" ridge that is forming along the seaward edge of a thick, rapidly accumulating deltaic sediment pile. The remainder of the anomaly can be explained either by a decrease in thermal conductivity of the sediments filling the slope basin or by lateral advection of heat through fluid flow along stratigraphic horizons within the basin and through flexural faults in the crest of the anticline. Such flow probably plays a role in bringing methane into the ridge formed by the toe-thrust. Because of the small anomaly due to this process and the uncertainty in thermal conductivity, we did not model this process explicitly. In the NE part of the K-G basin seismic grid, a number of local heat flow lows and highs are observed, which can be attributed to topographic refraction and to local fluid flow along faults, respectively. No regional anomaly can be resolved. Because of lack of continuity between the K-G basin sites within the seismic grid and those ~70 km to the NE in water depths of 1200 to 1500 m, we do not speculate on the reason for higher heat flow at these depths. The Mahanadi basin results, while limited in geographic extent, are similar to those for the KG basin. The Andaman basin exhibits much lower apparent heat flow values, ranging from 0.015 to 0.025 W/m2. Heat flow here also appears to increase with increasing water depth. The very low heat flow here is among the lowest heat flow observed anywhere and gives rise to a very thick hydrate stability zone in the sediments. Through 1D models of sedimentation (with extremely high sedimentation rates as a proxy for tectonic thickening), we concluded that the very low heat flow can probably be attributed to the combined effects of high sedimentation rate, low thermal conductivity, tectonic thickening of sediments and the cooling effect of a subducting plate in a subduction zone forearc. Like for the K-G basin, much of the local variability can be attributed to topography. The regional increase in heat flow with water depth remains unexplained because the seismic grid available to us did not extend far enough to define the local tectonic setting of the slope basin controlling this observational pattern. The results are compared to results from other margins, both active and passive. While an increase in apparent heat flow with increasing water depth is widely observed, it is likely a result of different processes in different places. The very low heat flow due to sedimentation and tectonics in the Andaman basin is at the low end of glob

  9. Heat Flow and Gas Hydrates on the Continental Margin of India: Building on Results from NGHP Expedition 01

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anne Trehu; Peter Kannberg

    2011-06-30

    The Indian National Gas Hydrate Program (NGHP) Expedition 01 presented the unique opportunity to constrain regional heat flow derived from seismic observations by using drilling data in three regions on the continental margin of India. The seismic bottom simulating reflection (BSR) is a well-documented feature in hydrate bearing sediments, and can serve as a proxy for apparent heat flow if data are available to estimate acoustic velocity and density in water and sediments, thermal conductivity, and seafloor temperature. Direct observations of temperature at depth and physical properties of the sediment obtained from drilling can be used to calibrate the seismic observations, decreasing the uncertainty of the seismically-derived estimates. Anomalies in apparent heat flow can result from a variety of sources, including sedimentation, erosion, topographic refraction and fluid flow. We constructed apparent heat flow maps for portions of the Krishna-Godavari (K-G) basin, the Mahanadi basin, and the Andaman basin and modeled anomalies using 1-D conductive thermal models. Apparent heat flow values in the Krishna-Godavari (K-G) basin and Mahanadi basin are generally 0.035 to 0.055 watts per square meter (W/m{sup 2}). The borehole data show an increase in apparent heat flow as water depth increases from 900 to 1500 m. In the SW part of the seismic grid, 1D modeling of the effect of sedimentation on heat flow shows that {approx}50% of the observed increase in apparent heat flow with increasing water depth can be attributed to trapping of sediments behind a 'toe-thrust' ridge that is forming along the seaward edge of a thick, rapidly accumulating deltaic sediment pile. The remainder of the anomaly can be explained either by a decrease in thermal conductivity of the sediments filling the slope basin or by lateral advection of heat through fluid flow along stratigraphic horizons within the basin and through flexural faults in the crest of the anticline. Such flow probably plays a role in bringing methane into the ridge formed by the toe-thrust. Because of the small anomaly due to this process and the uncertainty in thermal conductivity, we did not model this process explicitly. In the NE part of the K-G basin seismic grid, a number of local heat flow lows and highs are observed, which can be attributed to topographic refraction and to local fluid flow along faults, respectively. No regional anomaly can be resolved. Because of lack of continuity between the K-G basin sites within the seismic grid and those {approx}70 km to the NE in water depths of 1200 to 1500 m, we do not speculate on the reason for higher heat flow at these depths. The Mahanadi basin results, while limited in geographic extent, are similar to those for the K-G basin. The Andaman basin exhibits much lower apparent heat flow values, ranging from 0.015 to 0.025 W/m{sup 2}. Heat flow here also appears to increase with increasing water depth. The very low heat flow here is among the lowest heat flow observed anywhere and gives rise to a very thick hydrate stability zone in the sediments. Through 1D models of sedimentation (with extremely high sedimentation rates as a proxy for tectonic thickening), we concluded that the very low heat flow can probably be attributed to the combined effects of high sedimentation rate, low thermal conductivity, tectonic thickening of sediments and the cooling effect of a subducting plate in a subduction zone forearc. Like for the K-G basin, much of the local variability can be attributed to topography. The regional increase in heat flow with water depth remains unexplained because the seismic grid available to us did not extend far enough to define the local tectonic setting of the slope basin controlling this observational pattern. The results are compared to results from other margins, both active and passive. While an increase in apparent heat flow with increasing water depth is widely observed, it is likely a result of different processes in different places. The very low heat flow due to sedimentation and tectonics in the Andaman basi

  10. Visit of the Federal President of Germany

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le D.G. H.Schopper a le plaisir de souhaiter la bienvenue au président de la République fédérale allemande, Richard von Weizsäcker (président féderale de 1984-1994). C'est la première visite d'un président allemand dans l'histoire du Cern.

  11. MOU_DOE_US_Germany.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  12. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  13. Androgenic endocrine disruptors in wastewater treatment plant effluents in India: Their influence on reproductive processes and systemic toxicity in male rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Vikas; Chakraborty, Ajanta; Viswanath, Gunda; Roy, Partha

    2008-01-01

    Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC) are linked to human health and diseases as they mimic or block the normal functioning of endogenous hormones. The present work dealt with a comparative study of the androgenic potential of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) influents and effluents in Northern region of India, well known for its polluted water. Water samples were screened for their androgenic potential using the Hershberger assay and when they were found positive for androgenicity, we studied their mode of action in intact rats. The data showed a significant change in the weight and structure of sex accessory tissues (SATs) of castrated and intact rats. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis demonstrated a significant change in the expression patterns of the major steroidogenic enzymes in adrenal and testis: cytochrome P450{sub SCC}, cytochrome P450{sub C17}, 3{beta}-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 17{beta}-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. This was further supported by increased enzymatic activities measured in vitro spectrophotometrically. Serum hormone profile showed a decreased level of gonadotrophic hormones and increased testosterone level. Further, increase in the serum level of alkaline phosphatase, SGPT and SGOT and histopathological changes in kidney and liver of treated animals, confirmed the toxic effects of contaminating chemicals. Analysis of water samples using HPLC and GC-MS showed the presence of various compounds and from them, four prominent aromatic compounds viz. nonylphenol, hexachlorobenzene and two testosterone equivalents, were identified. Our data suggest that despite rigorous treatment, the final treated effluent from WWTP still has enough androgenic and toxic compounds to affect general health.

  14. Activation of protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) and risk of lung cancer among rural women in India who cook with biomass fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roychoudhury, Sanghita; Mondal, Nandan Kumar; Mukherjee, Sayali; Dutta, Anindita; Siddique, Shabana; Ray, Manas Ranjan

    2012-02-15

    The impact of indoor air pollution (IAP) from biomass fuel burning on the risk of carcinogenesis in the airways has been investigated in 187 pre-menopausal women (median age 34 years) from eastern India who cooked exclusively with biomass and 155 age-matched control women from same locality who cooked with cleaner fuel liquefied petroleum gas. Compared with control, Papanicolau-stained sputum samples showed 3-times higher prevalence of metaplasia and 7-times higher prevalence of dysplasia in airway epithelial cell (AEC) of biomass users. Immunocytochemistry showed up-regulation of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt{sup ser473} and p-Akt{sup thr308}) proteins in AEC of biomass users, especially in metaplastic and dysplastic cells. Compared with LPG users, biomass-using women showed marked rise in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and depletion of antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase (SOD) indicating oxidative stress. There were 25 times more particulate pollutants (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5}), 72% more nitrogen dioxide and 4-times more particulate-laden benzo(a)pyrene, but no change in sulfur dioxide in indoor air of biomass-using households, and high performance liquid chromatography estimated 6-fold rise in the concentration of benzene metabolite trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA) in urine of biomass users. Metaplasia and dysplasia, p-Akt expression and ROS generation were positively associated with PM and t,t-MA levels. It appears that cumulative exposure to biomass smoke increases the risk of lung carcinogenesis via oxidative stress-mediated activation of Akt signal transduction pathway. -- Highlights: ? Carcinogenesis in airway cells was examined in biomass and LPG using women. ? Metaplasia and dysplasia of epithelial cells were more prevalent in biomass users. ? Change in airway cytology was associated with oxidative stress and Akt activation. ? Biomass users had greater exposure to respirable PM, B(a)P and benzene. ? Cooking with biomass increases cancer risk in the airways via Akt activation.

  15. Microsoft Word - FY07AnnualReport.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (EZ) 1 18,000,000 FRANCE (FR) 5 8,093,198 GABON (GB) 1 441,600 GAMBIA (GA) 1 49,300 GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (GE) 3 1,698,498 HUNGARY (HU) 1 4,000,000 KAZAKHSTAN (KZ) 3...

  16. EM Contributes Expertise to Comprehensive Resource on Managing Nuclear Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – EM officials wrote a chapter of a recently published book, Managing Nuclear Projects – A Comprehensive Management Resource, which covers a range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements and lessons learned. Authors from France, Germany, Argentina, Belgium, Finland, Austria, and the U.S. contributed to the book.

  17. European Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    European Partnerships and Projects European Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages through regional partnerships, as well as bilaterally with individual countries in the European region. In addition to the regional partnerships described below, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research partnerships with countries in Europe, including Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Spain,

  18. Final Scientific EFNUDAT Workshop

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The Final Scientific EFNUDAT Workshop - organized by the CERN/EN-STI group on behalf of n_TOF Collaboration - will be held at CERN, Geneva (Switzerland) from 30 August to 2 September 2010 inclusive.EFNUDAT website: http://www.efnudat.euTopics of interest include: Data evaluationCross section measurementsExperimental techniquesUncertainties and covariancesFission propertiesCurrent and future facilities  International Advisory Committee: C. Barreau (CENBG, France)T. Belgya (IKI KFKI, Hungary)E. Gonzalez (CIEMAT, Spain)F. Gunsing (CEA, France)F.-J. Hambsch (IRMM, Belgium)A. Junghans (FZD, Germany)R. Nolte (PTB, Germany)S. Pomp (TSL UU, Sweden) Workshop Organizing Committee: Enrico Chiaveri (Chairman)Marco CalvianiSamuel AndriamonjeEric BerthoumieuxCarlos GuerreroRoberto LositoVasilis Vlachoudis Workshop Assistant: Géraldine Jean

  19. Final Scientific EFNUDAT Workshop

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The Final Scientific EFNUDAT Workshop - organized by the CERN/EN-STI group on behalf of n_TOF Collaboration - will be held at CERN, Geneva (Switzerland) from 30 August to 2 September 2010 inclusive.EFNUDAT website: http://www.efnudat.euTopics of interest include: Data evaluationCross section measurementsExperimental techniquesUncertainties and covariancesFission propertiesCurrent and future facilitiesInternational Advisory Committee: C. Barreau (CENBG, France)T. Belgya (IKI KFKI, Hungary)E. Gonzalez (CIEMAT, Spain)F. Gunsing (CEA, France)F.-J. Hambsch (IRMM, Belgium)A. Junghans (FZD, Germany)R. Nolte (PTB, Germany)S. Pomp (TSL UU, Sweden)Workshop Organizing Committee: Enrico Chiaveri (Chairman)Marco CalvianiSamuel AndriamonjeEric BerthoumieuxCarlos GuerreroRoberto LositoVasilis VlachoudisWorkshop Assistant: Graldine Jean

  20. Fact #701: November 14, 2011 How Much More Would You Pay for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    10% 11% 8% 100% Turkey 56% 6% 4% 10% 14% 10% 100% Germany 54% 3% 4% 9% 17% 13% 100% Argentina 53% 4% 6% 12% 10% 15% 100% India 49% 11% 10% 13% 14% 3% 100% Korea 48% 10% 10% 15% 8% ...

  1. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Won Young; Phadke, Amol; Shah, Nihar; Letschert, Virginie

    2011-07-01

    The SEAD initiative aims to transform the global market by increasing the penetration of highly efficient equipment and appliances. SEAD is a government initiative whose activities and projects engage the private sector to realize the large global energy savings potential from improved appliance and equipment efficiency. SEAD seeks to enable high-level global action by informing the Clean Energy Ministerial dialogue as one of the initiatives in the Global Energy Efficiency Challenge. In keeping with its goal of achieving global energy savings through efficiency, SEAD was approved as a task within the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) in January 2010. SEAD partners work together in voluntary activities to: (1) ?raise the efficiency ceiling? by pulling super-efficient appliances and equipment into the market through cooperation on measures like incentives, procurement, awards, and research and development (R&D) investments; (2) ?raise the efficiency floor? by working together to bolster national or regional policies like minimum efficiency standards; and (3) ?strengthen the efficiency foundations? of programs by coordinating technical work to support these activities. Although not all SEAD partners may decide to participate in every SEAD activity, SEAD partners have agreed to engage actively in their particular areas of interest through commitment of financing, staff, consultant experts, and other resources. In addition, all SEAD partners are committed to share information, e.g., on implementation schedules for and the technical detail of minimum efficiency standards and other efficiency programs. Information collected and created through SEAD activities will be shared among all SEAD partners and, to the extent appropriate, with the global public.As of April 2011, the governments participating in SEAD are: Australia, Brazil, Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. More information on SEAD is available from its website at http://www.superefficient.org/.

  2. LANL monitoring the situation unfolding in Paris, France

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In arid lands worldwide, composite layers called biocrusts, comprising bacteria, fungi, lichens and mosses, cover the soil between the widely spaced plants. Carlos Tom...

  3. Pascal Baron, CEA - France Christine Brown, BNFL - U.K.

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    likely focus attention on point A (i.e. the most vulnerable point) if other barriers (guns, gates, and guards) didn't exist in sufficient force. In that regard, we first note...

  4. Microsoft Word - Moving_to_France-Tips_and_Relocation_Checklist...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    radio talk shows to news broadcasts. Some stations provide news in English, Spanish, Italian and German. Satellite television packages are available everywhere. Currency As of...

  5. Rocky Flats Neutron Detector Testing at Valduc, France

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, S S; Dulik, G M

    2011-01-03

    Recent program requirements of the US Department of Energy/NNSA have led to a need for a criticality accident alarm system to be installed at a newly activated facility. The Criticality Safety Group of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was able to recover and store for possible future use approximately 200 neutron criticality detectors and 20 master alarm panels from the former Rocky Flats Plant in Golden, Colorado when the plant was closed. The Criticality Safety Group participated in a facility analysis and evaluation, the engineering design and review process, as well as the refurbishment, testing, and recalibration of the Rocky Flats criticality alarm system equipment to be used in the new facility. In order to demonstrate the functionality and survivability of the neutron detectors to the effects of an actual criticality accident, neutron detector testing was performed at the French CEA Valduc SILENE reactor from October 7 to October 19, 2010. The neutron detectors were exposed to three criticality events or pulses generated by the SILENE reactor. The first excursion was performed with a bare or unshielded reactor, and the second excursion was made with a lead shielded/reflected reactor, and the third excursion with a polyethylene reflected core. These tests of the Rocky Flats neutron detectors were performed as a part of the 2010 Criticality Accident Alarm System Benchmark Measurements at the SILENE Reactor. The principal investigators for this series of experiments were Thomas M. Miller and John C. Wagner of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with Nicolas Authier and Nathalie Baclet of CEA Valduc. Several other organizations were also represented, including the Y-12 National Security Complex, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, CEA Saclay, and Babcock International Group.

  6. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Germany) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    technical and nontechnical barriers that prevent a massive deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) in Europe. In partnership with manufacturers, research organizations,...

  7. DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES IN GERMANY - STATUS AT BMBF SITES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papp, R.; Komorowski, K.

    2002-02-25

    In a period of approximately 40 years prior to 1994, the German Federal Government had spent about {approx} 15 billion to promote nuclear technology. These funds were earmarked for R&D projects as well as demonstration facilities which took up operation between 1960 and 1980. These BMBF (Federal Ministry for Research) facilities were mainly located at the sites of the federal research centers at Juelich and Karlsruhe (the research reactors AVR, FR2, FRJ-1, KNK, and MZFR, the pilot reprocessing plant WAK) but included also the pilot plants SNR-300 and THTR-300 for fast breeder and high-temperature gas-cooled reactor development, respectively, and finally the salt mine Asse which had been used for waste emplacement prior to conversion into an underground research laboratory. In the meantime, almost all of these facilities were shut down and are now in a state of decommissioning and dismantling. This is mainly due to the facts that R&D needs are satisfied or do not exist any more and that, secondly, the lack of political consensus led to the cancellation of advanced nuclear technology.

  8. UNBIASED MOMENT-RATE SPECTRA AND ABSOLUTE SITE EFFECTS IN THE KACHCHH BASIN, INDIA, FROM THE ANALYSIS OF THE AFTERSHOCKS OF THE 2001 Mw 7.6 BHUJ EARTHQUAKE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malagnini, L; Bodin, P; Mayeda, K; Akinci, A

    2005-05-04

    What can be learned about absolute site effects on ground motions and about earthquake source spectra from recordings at temporary seismic stations, none of which could be considered a 'reference' (hard rock) site, for which no geotechnical information is available, in a very poorly instrumented region? This challenge motivated our current study of aftershocks of the 2001 Mw 7.6 Bhuj earthquake, in Western India. Crustal attenuation and spreading relationships based on the same data used here were determined in an earlier study. In this paper we decouple the ambiguity between absolute source radiation and site effects by first computing robust estimates of moment-rate spectra of about 200 aftershocks in each of two depth ranges. Using these new estimates of sourcespectra, and our understanding of regional wave propagation, we extract the absolute site terms of the sites of the temporary deployment. Absolute site terms (one for each component of the ground motion, for each station) are computed in an average sense, via an L{sub 1}-norm minimization, and results for each site are averaged over wide ranges of azimuths and takeoff angles. The Bhuj deployment is characterized by a variable shallow geology, mostly of soft sedimentary units. Vertical site terms in the region were observed to be almost featureless and slightly < 1.0 within wide frequency ranges. As a result, H/V spectral ratios mimic the absolute behaviors of absolute horizontal site terms, and they generally overpredict them. On the contrary, with respect to the results for sedimentary rock sites (limestone, dolomite) obtained by Malagnini et al. (2004), H/V spectral ratios in their study did not have much in common with absolute horizontal site terms. Spectral ratios between the vector sum of the computed horizontal site terms for the temporary deployment with respect to the same quantity computed at the hardest rock station available, BAC1, are seriously biased by its non-flat, non-unitary site response. This indicates that often the actual behavior of a rock outcrop is far from that of an ideal, reference site.

  9. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Western Europe | Department of Energy 6: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of diesels was very quick in Norway from 2004 to 2007. In 2009, Germany, Italy, and France

  10. Microsoft Word - first_circular.docx.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Super!Heavy!Nuclei! International!Symposium! ! ! ! Texas!A!&!M!University,!College!Station!TX,!USA! March!31!B!April!02,!2015! ! ! Advisory!Committee! S.N.!Dmitriev!(JINR,!Russia)! C.E.!Duellmann!(GSI,!Germany)!! S.!Gales!(GANIL,!France)!! C.K.!Gelbke!(FRIB,!USA)!! J.H.!Hamilton!(Vanderbilt,!USA)!! S.!Hofmann!(GSI,!Germany)!! D.C.!Hofmann!(LBNL,!USA)!! M.G.!Itkis!(JINR!Russia)! R.V.F.!Janssens!(ANL,!USA)!! W.!D.!Loveland!(OSU,!USA)!! D.J.!Morrissey!(MSU,!USA)! K.!Morita!(RIKEN,!Japan)!

  11. Energy Efficiency in India: Challenges and Initiatives

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ajay Mathur

    2010-09-01

    May 13, 2010 EETD Distinguished Lecture: Ajay Mathur is Director General of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, and a member of the Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change. As Director General of BEE, Dr. Mathur coordinates the national energy efficiency programme, including the standards and labeling programme for equipment and appliances; the energy conservation building code; the industrial energy efficiency programme, and the DSM programmes in the buildings, lighting, and municipal sectors.

  12. Shell India Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Services, Solar Product: Delhi-based subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell having interests in natural gas (LNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), lubricants and bitumen. The firm also...

  13. RE News India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    36695,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map References: Organization's "Contact" Page1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  14. Case Engineering Group India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Product: Faridabad-based coal gasifiers and pollution services firm. Through its joint venture with Norasco the firm is planning to venture into solar power generation...

  15. India: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MWhyear 8 2008 NREL Coal Reserves 66,800.07 Million Short Tons 5 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 1,075,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 26 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves...

  16. India-TERI Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    efforts among local communities; from advancing solutions to growing urban transport and air pollution problems to promoting energy efficiency in the Indian industry." References...

  17. Energy Use and Carbon Emissions: Some International Comparisons

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1994-01-01

    Presents energy use and carbon emissions patterns in a world context. The report contrasts trends in economically developed and developing areas of the world since 1970, presents a disaggregated view of the "Group of Seven" (G7) key industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and examines sectoral energy use patterns within each of the G7 countries.

  18. Central Pacific Minerals and Southern Pacific Petroleum detail oil shale activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-09-01

    These two affiliated companies have their major assets in Queensland. Brief summaries are given of the activities of the Rundle, Condor, and Yaamba oil shale projects and brief descriptions are given of the resources found in the Stuart, Nagoorin, Nagoorin South, Lowmead, and Duaringa oil shale deposits of Queensland. The companies also have, or are planning, oil shale projects in the US, Luxembourg, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany, and these are briefly described.

  19. Summary report of first and foreign high-level waste repository concepts; Technical report, working draft 001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanke, P.M.

    1987-11-04

    Reference repository concepts designs adopted by domestic and foreign waste disposal programs are reviewed. Designs fall into three basic categories: deep borehole from the surface; disposal in boreholes drilled from underground excavations; and disposal in horizontal tunnels or drifts. The repository concepts developed in Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Denmark, West Germany and the United States are described. 140 refs., 315 figs., 19 tabs.

  20. COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Agreement | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab November 6, 2015, 1:00pm to 2:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Agreement Professor Robert Goldston Princeton University Presentation: PDF icon FC06NOV2015_RGoldston_Iran Deal.pdf After 20 months of negotiation, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Russia and the United States reached an agreement with Iran to constrain and verify its nuclear program, in exchange for relief from international sanctions. The constraints on

  1. LAPD 2013 - organizers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact: International Scientific Committee J.P. Booth, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France (Chair) D. Brower, Univ. of California at Los Angeles, USA U. Czarnetzki, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany A.J.H. Donné, Dutch Inst. For Fundamental Energy Research, The Netherlands (Secretary) L. Giudicotti, Consorzio RFX, Italy N.C. Luhmann Jr., Univ. of California, Davis, USA K. Sasaki, Hokkaido Univ., Japan F. Skiff, Univ. of Iowa, USA K. Tanaka, National Inst. For Fusion Science, Japan H.K. Park,

  2. U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Activities: Progress and Future Directions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Activities: Progress and Future Directions Total Energy USA Houston, Texas Dr. Sunita Satyapal 11/27/2012 Director, Office of Fuel Cell Technologies Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Overview Fuel Cells - An Emerging Global Industry United States 46% Germany 7% Korea 7% Canada 3% Taiwan 1% Great Britain 1% France 1% Other 3% Japan 31% Fuel Cell Patents Geographic Distribution 2002-2011 Top 10 companies: GM, Honda, Samsung,

  3. Secretary Ernest Moniz

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Committee on Foreign Affairs Washington, DC July 28, 2015 Chairman Royce, Ranking Member Engel and Members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to discuss the historic Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the E3/EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States) and Iran. The JCPOA prevents Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, provides strong verification measures that give us ample time to respond if Iran

  4. Secretary Ernest Moniz

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Senate Committee on Armed Services Washington, DC July 29, 2015 Chairman McCain, Ranking Member Reed and Members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to discuss the historic Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the E3/EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States) and Iran. The JCPOA prevents Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, provides strong verification measures that give us ample time to respond if Iran

  5. Secretary Ernest Moniz Testimony before the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Foreign Affairs Committee Washington, DC July 23, 2015 Chairman Corker, Ranking Member Cardin and Members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to discuss the historic Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the E3/EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States) and Iran. The JCPOA prevents Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, provides strong verification measures that give us ample time to respond if Iran chose to

  6. Gen. Frank G. Klotz (Ret.)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Gen. Frank G. Klotz (Ret.) Testimony before the House Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces Washington, DC September 10, 2015 Chairman Rogers, Ranking Member Cooper, and Members of the Subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to discuss the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union, and Iran. I appreciate the opportunity to be here to discuss U.S.,

  7. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  8. The Future of Energy from Nuclear Fission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Son H.; Taiwo, Temitope

    2013-04-13

    Nuclear energy is an important part of our current global energy system, and contributes to supplying the significant demand for electricity for many nations around the world. There are 433 commercial nuclear power reactors operating in 30 countries with an installed capacity of 367 GWe as of October 2011 (IAEA PRIS, 2011). Nuclear electricity generation totaled 2630 TWh in 2010 representing 14% the worlds electricity generation. The top five countries of total installed nuclear capacity are the US, France, Japan, Russia and South Korea at 102, 63, 45, 24, and 21 GWe, respectively (WNA, 2012a). The nuclear capacity of these five countries represents more than half, 68%, of the total global nuclear capacity. The role of nuclear power in the global energy system today has been motivated by several factors including the growing demand for electric power, the regional availability of fossil resources and energy security concerns, and the relative competitiveness of nuclear power as a source of base-load electricity. There is additional motivation for the use of nuclear power because it does not produce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or local air pollutants during its operation and contributes to low levels of emissions throughout the lifecycle of the nuclear energy system (Beerten, J. et. al., 2009). Energy from nuclear fission primarily in the form of electric power and potentially as a source of industrial heat could play a greater role for meeting the long-term growing demand for energy worldwide while addressing the concern for climate change from rising GHG emissions. However, the nature of nuclear fission as a tremendously compact and dense form of energy production with associated high concentrations of radioactive materials has particular and unique challenges as well as benefits. These challenges include not only the safety and cost of nuclear reactors, but proliferation concerns, safeguard and storage of nuclear materials associated with nuclear fuel cycles. In March of 2011, an unprecedented earthquake of 9 magnitude and ensuing tsunami off the east coast of Japan caused a severe nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan (Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet, 2011). The severity of the nuclear accident in Japan has brought about a reinvestigation of nuclear energy policy and deployment activities for many nations around the world, most notably in Japan and Germany (BBC, 2011; Reuter, 2011). The response to the accident has been mixed and its full impact may not be realized for many years to come. The nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan has not directly affected the significant on-going nuclear deployment activities in many countries. China, Russia, India, and South Korea, as well as others, are continuing with their deployment plans. As of October 2011, China had the most reactors under construction at 27, while Russia, India, and South Korea had 11, 6, and 5 reactors under construction, respectively (IAEA PRIS, 2011). Ten other nations have one or two reactors currently under construction. Many more reactors are planned for future deployment in China, Russia, and India, as well as in the US. Based on the World Nuclear Associations data, the realization of Chinas deployment plan implies that China will surpass the US in total nuclear capacity some time in the future.

  9. Symposium Focuses on WomenÕs Role in Worldwide Sustainable Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Symposium Focuses on Women's Role in Worldwide Sustainable Development For more information contact: Kerry Masson (303) 275-4083 Golden, Colo., June 10, 1996 -- Women's role in world sustainable energy development will be discussed at a symposium Sun. June 16 as part of the fourth World Renewable Energy Congress. Featured speakers include Maneka Ghandi, India's former Minister of the Envrionment, and Dr. Elizabeth Cecelski of Germany's Energy, Environment and Development Agency. The symposium is

  10. Aging management of fossil-fired plants of Electricite de France: PVP maintenance aspects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thoraval, G.

    1995-12-01

    The generation mix of EDF comprises 17,000 MW of fossil-fired units, the ages of which go from 10 to 32 years. Extensive studies have been launched in 1994, inside the Company, to determine: (1) prospects of needs of the grid (domestic/exports); (2) prospects of possible competition in generation field; (3) environmental aspects and possible evolution; (4) adaptation of management of men and organizations; and (5) management of condition of equipment through maintenance policy. This paper focuses on the last item, spotted on pressure vessels and piping. The question is: How to conserve the ``patrimony`` for very long term, with lowest costs to keep it competitive in its very specific role? Several items are examined: (1) the background, the different programs of retrofitting, refurbishment and life extension; (2) conservation during outages, and mothballing procedures and experience; (3) design review, actual design life expectancy; (4) analysis of aging mechanisms through experience feedback; (5) determination of critical components, analysis of their condition, periodical updating; (6) maintenance adaptation, extensive condition-monitored maintenance approach: use of existing probes and data, development of new devices and skills; (7) policy of progressive replacement of worn-out and potentially dangerous components; examples concerning generic problems; (8) management of requirements of pressure vessels regulations; (9) adaptation of spare parts policy; and (10) research and development needed by life management.

  11. Treatment of Uranium and Plutonium Solutions Generated in the Atalante Facility, France - 12004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lagrave, Herve

    2012-07-01

    The Atalante complex operated by the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) at the Rhone Valley Research Center consolidates research programs on actinide chemistry, especially separation chemistry, processing for recycling spent fuel, and fabrication of actinide targets for innovative concepts in future nuclear systems. The design of future systems (Generation IV reactors, material recycling) will increase the uranium and plutonium flows in the facility, making it important to anticipate the stepped-up activity and provide Atalante with equipment dedicated to processing these solutions to obtain a mixed uranium-plutonium oxide that will be stored pending reuse. Ongoing studies for integral recycling of the actinides have highlighted the need for reserving equipment to produce actinides mixed oxide powder and also minor actinides bearing oxide for R and D purpose. To meet this double objective a new shielded line should be built in the facility and should be operational 6 years after go decision. The main functions of the new unit would be to receive, concentrate and store solutions, purify them, ensure group conversion of actinides and conversion of excess uranium. This new unit will be constructed in a completely refurbished building devoted to subcritical and safe geometry of the process equipments. (author)

  12. 40 Years Of Dogger Aquifer Management In Ile-De-France, Paris...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in the Paris Basin for more than 40 years. The most serious difficulties have been corrosion and scaling related problems that occurred in many geothermal loops in the...

  13. U.S.-France Science & Technology Workshop on Bioenergy | U.S...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Global Engineering Program co-hosted a free public workshop focused on scientific breakthroughs needed to build the 21st century energy economy in bioenergy. More information ...

  14. The legal status of UF{sub 6}-cylinder testing and licensing in Germany (and Europe)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wieser, K.E.; Tietze, A.

    1991-12-31

    New German and European transport regulations for road and rail transport of UF{sub 6}-cylinders are presented, in particular those provisions which have direct impact on the majority of cylinders used in shipments touching ADR and RID member states. First experiences and difficulties in it`s application are highlighted taking into account experiences of a for running German regulation. A summary of research efforts on the behaviour of cylinders in fire environments concludes the paper.

  15. Foreign Travel Report - West Germany and Belgium - September 9 - September 13, 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickford, D.F.

    2001-05-17

    This report discusses visitation of the PAMELA plant which provided an opportunity to observe the operation and design of this European waste solidification facility. The aim of the workshop was to exchange expertise relative to the safe vitrification of HLLW in order to determine which areas were technologically solved and which areas required further study.

  16. Lidar for remote sensing; Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 24-26, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becherer, R.J.; Werner, C.

    1992-01-01

    The present volume on lidar for remote sensing discusses lidar system techniques for remote sensing of atmospheric pollution, airborne and surface-based lidar for environmental sensing of water and oceans, Doppler lidar for wind sensing and related measurement, aerosol measurements using lidar, ozone, water vapor, temperature, and density sensing with lidar systems, and new lidar technology systems and concepts. Attention is given to remote sensing of air pollution over large European cities by lidar, differential absorption lidar monitoring of atmospheric atomic mercury, an experimental evaluation of an airborne depth-sounding lidar, and remote sensing of the sea by tunable multichannel lidar. Topics addressed include recent developments in lidar techniques to measure the wind in the middle atmosphere, recent stratospheric aerosol measurements with a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar, the development of an eye-safe IR aerosol lidar, and temperature measurement by rotational Raman lidar.

  17. Cytotoxicity of settling particulate matter and sediments of the Neckar River (Germany) during a winter flood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollert, H.; Duerr, M.; Erdinger, L.; Braunbeck, T.

    2000-03-01

    To investigate the cytotoxic and genotoxic potentials of settling particulate matter (SPM) carried by the Neckar River, a well-studied model for a lock-regulated river in central Europe, during a flood, acute cytotoxicity was investigated using the fibroblast-like fish cell line RTG-2 with the neutral red retention, the succinic acid dehydrogenase (MTT), and the lactatedehydrogenase (LDH) release assays as well as microscopic inspection as endpoints. Genotoxicity of water, pore water, sediments, and SPM were assessed using the Ames test. Different extraction methods (Soxhlet extraction with solvents of variable polarity as well as a fluid/fluid extraction according to pH) in addition to a supplementation of biotests with 59 fractions from the liver of {beta}-naphthoflavone/phenobarbital-induced rats allowed a further characterization of the biological damage. Both sediments and SPM extracts caused cytotoxic effects in RTG-2 cells. Cytotoxicity was found to increase significantly with polarity of extracting solvents. Following extraction according to pH, cytotoxicity could be attributed mainly to neutral substances, whereas the slightly acid and basic fractions already showed little or no cytotoxicity. Samples taken during the period of flood rise showed the highest cytotoxic activities. Cytotoxicity was significantly enhanced by the addition of S9 preparations. In contrast, no genotoxic activity was found in native surface waters, pore waters, and SPM.

  18. DISMANTLING OF THE UPPER RPV COMPONENTS OF THE KARLSRUHE MULTI-PURPOSE RESEARCH REACTOR (MZFR), GERMANY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prechtl, E.; Suessdorf, W.

    2003-02-27

    The Multi-purpose Research Reactor was a pressurized-water reactor cooled and moderated with heavy water. It was built from 1961 to 1966 and went critical for the first time on 29 September 1965. After nineteen years of successful operation, the reactor was de-activated on 3 May 1984. The reactor had a thermal output of 200 MW and an electrical output of 50 MW. The MZFR not only served to supply electrical power, but also as a test bed for: - research into various materials for reactor building (e. g. zirkaloy), - the manufacturing and operating industry to gain experience in erection and operation, - training scientific and technical reactor staff, and - power supply (first nuclear combined-heat-and-power system, 1979-1984). The experience gained in operating the MZFR was very helpful for the development and operation of power reactors. At first, safe containment and enclosure of the plant was planned, but then it was decided to dismantle the plant completely, step by step, in view o f the clear advantages of this approach. The decommissioning concept for the complete elimination of the plant down to a green-field site provides for eight steps. A separate decommissioning license is required for each step. As part of the dismantling, about 72,000 Mg [metric tons] of concrete and 7,200 Mg of metal (400 Mg RPV) must be removed. About 700 Mg of concrete (500 Mg biological shield) and 1300 Mg of metal must be classified as radioactive waste.

  19. Release and disposal of materials during decommissioning of Siemens MOX fuel fabrication plant at Hanau, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, Werner; Baumann, Roland

    2007-07-01

    In September 2006, decommissioning and dismantling of the Siemens MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant in Hanau were completed. The process equipment and the fabrication buildings were completely decommissioned and dismantled. The other buildings were emptied in whole or in part, although they were not demolished. Overall, the decommissioning process produced approximately 8500 Mg of radioactive waste (including inactive matrix material); clearance measurements were also performed for approximately 5400 Mg of material covering a wide range of types. All the equipment in which nuclear fuels had been handled was disposed of as radioactive waste. The radioactive waste was conditioned on the basis of the requirements specified for the projected German final disposal site 'Schachtanlage Konrad'. During the pre-conditioning, familiar processes such as incineration, compacting and melting were used. It has been shown that on account of consistently applied activity containment (barrier concept) during operation and dismantling, there has been no significant unexpected contamination of the plant. Therefore almost all the materials that were not a priori destined for radioactive waste were released without restriction on the basis of the applicable legal regulations (chap. 29 of the Radiation Protection Ordinance), along with the buildings and the plant site. (authors)

  20. TACIS 91: Application of leak-before-break concept in VVER 440-230

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartholome, G.; Faidy, C.; Franco, C.

    1997-04-01

    The applicability of the leak-before-break (LBB) concept for primary piping in the first generation of WWER type plants in Russia is investigated. The procedures for LBB behavior used in France and Germany are applied, and the evaluation is discussed within the framework of the European Technical Assistance for the Community of Independent States (TACIS) project. Emphasis is placed on experimental validation of national and international engineering practice for evaluating and optimizing existing installations. Design criteria of WWER plants are compared to western standard design.

  1. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, T.A.; Roecklein, A.K.

    1995-03-01

    This report contains the papers presented and the discussions that took place at the Third International Workshop on ALARA Implementation at Nuclear Power Plants, held in Hauppauge, Long Island, New York from May 8--11, 1994. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together scientists, engineers, health physicists, regulators, managers and other persons who are involved with occupational dose control and ALARA issues. The countries represented were: Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The workshop was organized into twelve sessions and three panel discussions. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  2. A Review and Analysis of European Industrial Experience in Handling LWR Spent Fuel and Vitrified High-Level Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blomeke, J.O.

    2001-07-10

    The industrial facilities that have been built or are under construction in France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and West Germany to handle light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel and canisters of vitrified high-level waste before ultimate disposal are described and illustrated with drawings and photographs. Published information on the operating performance of these facilities is also given. This information was assembled for consideration in planning and design of similar equipment and facilities needed for the Federal Waste Management System in the United States.

  3. Word Pro - S11

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 11.3 Petroleum Stocks in OECD Countries (Million Barrels) France Germany a Italy United Kingdom OECD Europe b Canada Japan South Korea United States Other OECD c OECD d 1973 Year ......................... 201 181 152 156 1,070 140 303 NA 1,008 67 2,588 1975 Year ......................... 225 187 143 165 1,154 174 375 NA 1,133 67 2,903 1980 Year ......................... 243 319 170 168 1,464 164 495 NA 1,392 72 3,587 1985 Year ......................... 139 277 156 131 1,154 112 500 13

  4. Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2013 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting May 13, 2013 2 * Clean Energy Patent Growth Index [1] shows growth in all clean energy technology patents * More than 1,000 fuel cell patents issued in 2012 Overview Fuel Cells - An Emerging Global Industry [1] http://cepgi.typepad.com/heslin_rothenberg_farley_/2013/03/clean-energy-patent-growth-index-2011-year-in-review.html United States 44% Other 3% Great Britain 1% Canada 2% Taiwan 2% France 2% Germany 6% Korea 7% Japan 33% Fuel Cell

  5. EPJ

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Detection R. De Souza 1 , N. Le Neindre 2 , A. Pagano 3 , and K.-H. Schmidt 4 1 Indiana University Cyclotron Facility, Indiana University Bloomington, USA 2 Institut de Physique Nucl´ eaire d'Orsay CNRS-IN2P3, Orsay France 3 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare INFN e Univesit` a, Catania Italy 4 GSI mbH, D-64291, Darmstadt Germany the date of receipt and acceptance should be inserted later Abstract. This review on second- and third-generation multidetector, devoted to heavy-ion collisions,

  6. India-NETL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1998, 1997, 1996, 1995, 1994, 1993, 1992, 1991, 1990, 1989, 1988, 1987, 1986, 1985, 1984, 1983, 2015) for this property."1982" is not in the list of possible values (2014,...

  7. India-Low Carbon Transport | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    largest contributor of CO2 emissions. The sector also provokes road congestion, local air pollution, noise and accidents, particularly in urban areas. Opportunities exist to...

  8. India-Legislation on Environment, Forests and Wildlife | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on Environment, Forests and Wildlife1 Overview "Category Name Water Pollution Air Pollution Environment Protection Coastal Regulation Zone Delegation of Powers...

  9. India-Improving Walkability in Indian Cities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sustainable Energy Foundation Partner Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Transport Sector Land Focus Area People and Policy, Transportation Topics Co-benefits assessment, -...

  10. Bioenergy in India: Barriers and Policy Options | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learnedbest practices, Case studiesexamples Website: tech-action.org...

  11. India-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studiesexamples, Guidemanual, Lessons learnedbest practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http:www.wri.org...

  12. India-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access,...

  13. India-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and...

  14. India-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the growth of greenhouse gas emissions. The LEAD program supports and enhances country-led development programs, plans, and policies, and complements efforts of other...

  15. National Environmental Policy of India | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    also seeks to stimulate partnerships of different stakeholders, i.e. public agencies, local communities, academic and scientific institutions, the investment community, and...

  16. India-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Morocco Implement climate change mitigation policy as part of National Plan against Global Warming. PMR Support: Establish MRV framework. Identify and develop crediting NAMAs...

  17. India-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis,...

  18. Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for India from NREL ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    show good potential for renewable energy projects. The toolkit displays renewable energy data along with information about the geography, location of population centers,...

  19. India-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    innovative financing to link energy services and income generation Scale-up of Gold Standard expertise in emerging markets Scaling up a proven mechanism to implement...

  20. India-REEEP EERE Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    innovative financing to link energy services and income generation Scale-up of Gold Standard expertise in emerging markets Scaling up a proven mechanism to implement...