National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for frames investiga tion

  1. The SpallaTion

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState of PennsylvaniaLBNL-2258E ERNEST ORLANDO SpallaTion

  2. tion Program on SIDS Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    Continu R ing Ed i u s ca k tion Program on SIDS Reduction CURRICULUM FOR NURSES U.S. DEPARTMENT of Pediatrics, First Candle/SIDS Alliance, and the Association of SIDS and Infant Mortality Programs. FIRST and is conducting live training sessions for this program at nursing conferences across the country. The mission

  3. Legal Framing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leachman, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    three ideal types of legal framing emerge from the research:body of this research. The ideal types discussed here arelegal framing research. The ideal types of legal framing

  4. Wind Speed Modelling and Shortterm Predic tion using Wavelets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nason, Guy

    prediction of the wind regime at a proposed wind farm site. Suppose a small amount of wind speed data hasWind Speed Modelling and Short­term Predic­ tion using Wavelets Katherine Hunt and Guy P Nason@bristol.ac.uk Abstract The mathematical method of wavelets is explained and used to predict wind condi­ tions using short

  5. Journal of Embedded Computing 2 (2006) 93102 93 Frame packing algorithms for automotive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    2006-01-01

    Journal of Embedded Computing 2 (2006) 93­102 93 IOS Press Frame packing algorithms for automotive Vandoeuvre-l `es-Nancy, France Abstract. The set of frames exchanged in automotive applications must meet two proposes algorithms for building off-line the set of frames in automotive communica- tions with the two

  6. Green-Frag: Energy-Efficient Frame Fragmentation Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    Green-Frag: Energy-Efficient Frame Fragmentation Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks Anas that frame fragmenta- tion also helps to reduce energy consumption. In this paper we propose Green-Frag, a new energy-efficient protocol based on efficient frame fragmentation technique. Green-Frag allows

  7. BIomass GasIfIcaTIon Summary of technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    or coal, into a clean gaseous fuel that can be burned in a gas engine to generate electricity-rankfuels,such as mallee and brown coal, into a clean gaseous fuel with very low tar concentration. This has the capacityBIomass GasIfIcaTIon Summary of technology Gasification converts a solid fuel, such as biomass

  8. Frame-Semantic Parsing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Dipanjan

    Frame semantics is a linguistic theory that has been instantiated for English in the FrameNet lexicon. We solve the problem of frame-semantic parsing using a two-stage statistical model that takes lexical targets (i.e., ...

  9. Surgery on frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Nga Quynh

    2009-05-15

    >q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2. The tight unit norm expansion problem (The case pFrames...

  10. Frame for a firearm

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crandall, David L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Watson, Richard W. (Blackfoot, ID)

    2008-03-04

    A firearm frame which is adapted to be disposed in operative relationship as a component part of a firearm, the firearm having disposed in operative relationships each with one or more of the others, a barrel, a receiver, and at least one firing mechanism; wherein the barrel and receiver form operative parts of a movable assembly and the at least one firing mechanism is disposed in a substantially stationary operative relationship therewith; the firearm frame including at least one elongated support structure discrete from the barrel and receiver, the elongated support structure being adapted to directly support the movable assembly in an operative movable relationship therewith; whereby at least one of the barrel and receiver is in direct contact with and movable on the elongated support structure; and, a firing mechanism support structure connected to the at least one elongated support structure, the firing mechanism support structure being adapted to have the firing mechanism connected thereto; the firearm frame also directly supporting the movable assembly and the firing mechanism in corresponding movable and stationary operative relationships each with the other.

  11. Conformal Frame Dependence of Inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillem Domènech; Misao Sasaki

    2015-10-15

    Physical equivalence between different conformal frames in scalar-tensor theory of gravity is a known fact. However, assuming that matter minimally couples to the metric of a particular frame, which we call the matter Jordan frame, the matter point of view of the universe may vary from frame to frame. Thus, there is a clear distinction between gravitational sector (curvature and scalar field) and matter sector. In this paper, focusing on a simple power-law inflation model in the Einstein frame, two examples are considered; a super-inflationary and a bouncing universe Jordan frames. Then we consider a spectator curvaton minimally coupled to a Jordan frame, and compute its contribution to the curvature perturbation power spectrum. In these specific examples, we find a blue tilt at short scales for the super-inflationary case, and a blue tilt at large scales for the bouncing case.

  12. Wind Speed Modelling and Short-term Predic-tion using Wavelets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nason, Guy

    prediction of the wind regime at a proposed wind farm site. Suppose a small amount of wind speed data hasWind Speed Modelling and Short-term Predic- tion using Wavelets Katherine Hunt and Guy P Nason@bristol.ac.uk Abstract The mathematical method of wavelets is explained and used to predict wind condi- tions using short

  13. Racial Framing and the Multiracial Movement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couch, Todd Christopher

    2012-07-16

    of Multiracialism ............................................................ 5 Systemic Analysis of Racism ......................................................... 7 The White Racial Frame... ................................................................................ 37 Individualistic Framing of Racism ................................................. 42 Summary ........................................................................................ 45...

  14. tions promoting the growth and de-velopment offish, the effects of the reg-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    percent export tax on all shipments from 18 November 1974. At a meeting held in Tokyo on De- cember 12 and was not extended. Publications RUSSIA AND NORWAY INITIAL FISH PACT An agreement on bilateral coopera- tion between

  15. IN VESTIGATION OFN ON CON VEN TION HALL THRUSTER Raitse N.J. Fisch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PARAMETRIC IN VESTIGATION OFN ON ­CON VEN TION HALL THRUSTER Raitse N.J. Fisch Prince ton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Prince ton Unive rsity 451, Prince 08543 ABSTRACT Hall thru te r might be tte cale

  16. Calorimetric investigations on thermoregula-tion and growth of wax moth larvae (Galleria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Calorimetric investigations on thermoregula- tion and growth of wax moth larvae (Galleria mellonella) The larvae of the wax moth Galleria mellonella are living in honeybee colonies where they feed on wax, honey, pollen and other organic matter. Mass-invasions of larvae can occur in weak bee colonies

  17. HANDLING," PACKAGING," TRANSPORTA-TION AND STORAGE OF ALSEP ARRAY E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    HANDLING," PACKAGING," TRANSPORTA- TION AND STORAGE OF ALSEP ARRAY E FLIGHT HARDWARE AND SUPPORT related to preservation, packaging, handling, storing and shipping· Prepared by: {JJ. ../. -~, W. J. Lavin, Packaging, Transportation and Storage of ALSEP Array E Flight Hardware and Support Equipment TABLE

  18. SIMULATION OF THE EFFECT OF WIND SPEEDUP IN THE FORMA-TION OF TRANSVERSE DUNE FIELDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carretero, Ricardo

    SIMULATION OF THE EFFECT OF WIND SPEEDUP IN THE FORMA- TION OF TRANSVERSE DUNE FIELDS HIROSHI 21 February 2000; Accepted 25 February 2000 ABSTRACT A computer simulation model for transverse-dune distinct problems were found regarding the cross-sectional dune shape, namely

  19. LnsrWrsrERN&snnrn Submit completed, signed Supplier Inform&tion Form tF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Sichun

    LnsrWrsrERN&snnrn ; i i t.\\l.r' Submit completed, signed Supplier Inform&tion Form tF Email son Care Tam I 0620 Cedar Avnue Cleveland. OH 44106-4909 SupplierInformation Form be retumed foi @mplelion. Ftr businGses: Must be completed and signed by a desigmted company represiltative. Supplier

  20. Framing Change: Social Movement Framing in University Living Wage Movements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalf, Laurie D.

    2010-01-14

    of these living wage movements, two cases, Texas A&M University and Georgetown University, were selected for this study to examine through the lens of the social movement framing perspective. Data for the cases included interviews with activists and administrators...

  1. FUSION FRAMES AND THEORETICAL APPLICATIONS: FOR THE FUSION FRAME WEB PAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casazza, Pete

    FUSION FRAMES AND THEORETICAL APPLICATIONS: FOR THE FUSION FRAME WEB PAGE PETER G. CASAZZA The deepest and most difficult question in Fusion Frame Theory is the construction of fusion frames with added that they do not show how to construct the frames. Recently, Casazza and Fickus [4] have developed a Fusion

  2. Do It Yourself Framing and Matting. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strassburg, Kay

    1981-01-01

    ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Putting the Frame Together ? ? ? ? ? Cutting the Glass ? ? ???????? Contemporary Framing REFINISHING FRAMES ??? Supplies. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? . ?? Preparing the Raw Wood ?? Refinishing Old Frames Antiquing ????????? Refinishing Techniques... between artwork and glass to protect against mildew and wa terspotting. TYPE Mat board Rag board or museum board COMPOSITION wood pulp cloth fibers THICKNESS 2-ply 1/32" 2-ply *4-ply 1/16" 4-ply 8-ply 1/8" (also called double- weig;ht) COLORS...

  3. Rest frame of bubble nucleation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garriga, Jaume; Kanno, Sugumi; Tanaka, Takahiro E-mail: sugumi@cosmos.phy.tufts.edu

    2013-06-01

    Vacuum bubbles nucleate at rest with a certain critical size and subsequently expand. But what selects the rest frame of nucleation? This question has been recently addressed in [1] in the context of Schwinger pair production in 1+1 dimensions, by using a model detector in order to probe the nucleated pairs. The analysis in [1] showed that, for a constant external electric field, the adiabatic ''in'' vacuum of charged particles is Lorentz invariant, (and in this) case pairs tend to nucleate preferentially at rest with respect to the detector. Here, we sharpen this picture by showing that the typical relative velocity between the frame of nucleation and that of the detector is at most of order ?v ? S{sub E}{sup ?1/3} << 1. Here, S{sub E} >> 1 is the action of the instanton describing pair creation. The bound ?v coincides with the minimum uncertainty in the velocity of a non-relativistic charged particle embedded in a constant electric field. A velocity of order ?v is reached after a time interval of order ?t ? S{sub E}{sup ?1/3}r{sub 0} << r{sub 0} past the turning point in the semiclassical trajectory, where r{sub 0} is the size of the instanton. If the interaction takes place in the vicinity of the turning point, the semiclassical description of collision does not apply. Nonetheless, we find that even in this case there is still a strong asymmetry in the momentum transferred from the nucleated particles to the detector, in the direction of expansion after the turning point. We conclude that the correlation between the rest frame of nucleation and that of the detector is exceedingly sharp.

  4. Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame,"...

  5. Advanced Framing Systems and Packages - Building America Top...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Framing Systems and Packages - Building America Top Innovation Advanced Framing Systems and Packages - Building America Top Innovation This photo shows advanced framing...

  6. Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation This photo shows advanced framing on a rim...

  7. tions (Fig. 4). The layer thicknesses observed (a 0.90 m for the 400-m fibers; a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romanowicz, Barbara

    of the fiber cools and contracts well below the glass transition of As2Se3. This materials combina- tion: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, 1995). 14. A. K. Varshneya, Fundamentals

  8. Geometry and constructions of finite frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strawn, Nathaniel Kirk

    2009-05-15

    AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF FINITE FRAMES A Thesis by NATHANIEL KIRK STRAWN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Kenneth Dykema... of Advisory Committee: Kenneth Dykema Finite frames are special collections of vectors utilized in Harmonic Analysis and Dig- ital Signal Processing. In this thesis, geometric aspects and construction techniques are considered for the family of k-vector frames...

  9. Jets, frames, and their Cartan geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Grasseau

    2006-03-24

    Jets frames, that is a generalisation of ordinary frames on a manifold, are described in a language similar to that of gauge theory. This is achieved by constructing the Cartan geometry of a manifold with respect to the diffeomorphism symmetry. This point of vue allows to give new insights and interpretations in the theory of jet frames, in particular by making an interpolation between ordinary gauge theory concepts and pure jet ones.

  10. The Curvelet Frame Applications of Curvelets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Hart F.

    The Curvelet Frame Applications of Curvelets An Introduction to Curvelets Hart F. Smith Department Hart F. Smith An Introduction to Curvelets #12;The Curvelet Frame Applications of Curvelets Curvelets on second dyadic decomposition. f(x) = c (x) c = f(x) (x) dx Hart F. Smith An Introduction to Curvelets #12

  11. Integrated seat frame and back support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Leo (Coconut Grove, FL)

    1999-01-01

    An integrated seating device comprises a seat frame having a front end and a rear end. The seat frame has a double wall defining an exterior wall and an interior wall. The rear end of the seat frame has a slot cut therethrough both the exterior wall and the interior wall. The front end of the seat frame has a slot cut through just the interior wall thereof. A back support comprising a generally L shape has a horizontal member, and a generally vertical member which is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal member. The horizontal member is sized to be threaded through the rear slot and is fitted into the front slot. Welded slat means secures the back support to the seat frame to result in an integrated seating device.

  12. Self-aligning biaxial load frame

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ward, M.B.; Epstein, J.S.; Lloyd, W.R.

    1994-01-18

    An self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus for use in testing the strength of specimens while maintaining a constant specimen centroid during the loading operation. The self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus consists of a load frame and two load assemblies for imparting two independent perpendicular forces upon a test specimen. The constant test specimen centroid is maintained by providing elements for linear motion of the load frame relative to a fixed cross head, and by alignment and linear motion elements of one load assembly relative to the load frame. 3 figures.

  13. A tiltable microplatform for adaptive artificial vision applica-tions has been demonstrated that utilizes special bent-beam electro-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Clark T.-C.

    1 of 4 ABSTRACT A tiltable microplatform for adaptive artificial vision applica- tions has been, artificial vision, tilt angle, low voltage I. INTRODUCTION In the wake of rapid advancements in optical MEMS application, for which this work is specifi- cally targeted, is the adaptive artificial vision system depicted

  14. In 1963,two publications appeared that focused atten-tion on the adhesive mechanisms that contribute to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikura, Mitsuhiko

    REVIEWS In 1963,two publications appeared that focused atten- tion on the adhesive mechanisms.Malcolm Steinberg laid the groundwork for the`differential adhesion hypothe- sis', suggesting that the segregation or quantitative differences in cell adhesion1 . Roger Sperry proposed the`chemoaffinity hypothesis', which holds

  15. Lilly, J. M. (2011). Modulated oscillations in three dimensions. IEEE Transac-tions on Signal Processing, 59 (12), 59305943.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lilly, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    ://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/rights/ rights_policies.html. #12;5930 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 59, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2011Lilly, J. M. (2011). Modulated oscillations in three dimensions. IEEE Transac- tions on Signal Processing, 59 (12), 5930­5943. c 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission

  16. Du dmon blond Jesus Price, les rfrences religieuses abondent lorsqu'il est ques-tion du Canadien de Montral.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    Du «démon blond» à «Jesus Price», les références religieuses abondent lorsqu'il est ques- tion du Canadien de Montréal. Du culte de la sainte Flanelle à celui de «Jesus Price» en passant par les fantômes». «Jésus Price» est parfois le «sauveur» de l'équipe, alors qu'à d'autres moments il vit un «cal- vaire» et

  17. Fusion Frames Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutyniok, Gitta

    Chapter 1 Fusion Frames Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok Abstract Novel technological advances. Fusion frames, which can be regarded as frames of subspaces, do satisfy exactly those needs. They analyze, distributed processing, fusion coherence, fusion frame, fusion frame potential, isoclinic subspaces, mutually

  18. Light Steel Framing: Improving the Integral Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amundarain, Aitor; Torero, Jose L; Usmani, Asif; Al-Remal, Ahmad M

    2006-09-11

    Light Steel Framing has been extensively used in cold climate countries due to its good thermal and structural behaviour. Improved thermal behaviour results in positive environmental impact essential for sustainable ...

  19. The Framing and Evaluation of Multiple Hypotheses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mock, Theodore J.; Wright, Arnold; Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Lu, Hai

    2008-01-01

    This study provides exploratory evidence on auditors’ framing and evaluation of hypotheses, identifies implications for improving audit decision-making and facilitates the interpretation of prior research. Prior studies ...

  20. High Performance Commercial Fenestration Framing Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Manteghi; Sneh Kumar; Joshua Early; Bhaskar Adusumalli

    2010-01-31

    A major objective of the U.S. Department of Energy is to have a zero energy commercial building by the year 2025. Windows have a major influence on the energy performance of the building envelope as they control over 55% of building energy load, and represent one important area where technologies can be developed to save energy. Aluminum framing systems are used in over 80% of commercial fenestration products (i.e. windows, curtain walls, store fronts, etc.). Aluminum framing systems are often required in commercial buildings because of their inherent good structural properties and long service life, which is required from commercial and architectural frames. At the same time, they are lightweight and durable, requiring very little maintenance, and offer design flexibility. An additional benefit of aluminum framing systems is their relatively low cost and easy manufacturability. Aluminum, being an easily recyclable material, also offers sustainable features. However, from energy efficiency point of view, aluminum frames have lower thermal performance due to the very high thermal conductivity of aluminum. Fenestration systems constructed of aluminum alloys therefore have lower performance in terms of being effective barrier to energy transfer (heat loss or gain). Despite the lower energy performance, aluminum is the choice material for commercial framing systems and dominates the commercial/architectural fenestration market because of the reasons mentioned above. In addition, there is no other cost effective and energy efficient replacement material available to take place of aluminum in the commercial/architectural market. Hence it is imperative to improve the performance of aluminum framing system to improve the energy performance of commercial fenestration system and in turn reduce the energy consumption of commercial building and achieve zero energy building by 2025. The objective of this project was to develop high performance, energy efficient commercial fenestration framing systems, by investigating new technologies that would improve the thermal performance of aluminum frames, while maintaining their structural and life-cycle performance. The project targeted an improvement of over 30% (whole window performance) over conventional commercial framing technology by improving the performance of commercial framing systems.

  1. Quantum communication, reference frames and gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. van Enk

    2006-04-26

    We consider quantum communication in the case that the communicating parties not only do not share a reference frame but use imperfect quantum communication channels, in that each channel applies some fixed but unknown unitary rotation to each qubit. We discuss similarities and differences between reference frames within that quantum communication model and gauge fields in gauge theory. We generalize the concept of refbits and analyze various quantum communication protocols within the communication model.

  2. 7. Flows in a rotating reference frame 7.1. Rotating reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Read, Peter L.

    in a rotating reference frame. We use rotating axes, fixed w.r.t. the rotating system but note that time-derivatives of vectors must be modified: 1 #12;Suppose frame R rotates at constant angular velocity = (0, 0, ) w.r.t. an inertial frame I. Consider vector A(t) ­ suppose for simplicity that it lies in the xy-plane of R and I

  3. Effects of Framing on the Thermal Performance of Wood and Steel-Framed Walls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosny, J.; Yarbrough, D. W.; Childs, P.; Mohiuddin, S. A.

    2006-01-01

    ON THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF WOOD AND STEEL-FRAMED WALLS JAN KOSNY, PhD DAVID W. YARBROUGH PhD, PE PHILLIP CHILDS Senior research engineer Senior research engineer Research engineer Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN SYED AZAM MOHIUDDIN...% framing factor for US homes. This paper reports, experimental work and numerical analysis of the thermal performance of various configurations of structural components in wood and steel-framed walls. In addition, the consequences of installation...

  4. Microlens frames for laser diode arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skidmore, J.A.; Freitas, B.L.

    1999-07-13

    Monolithic microlens frames enable the fabrication of monolithic laser diode arrays and are manufactured inexpensively with high registration, and with inherent focal length compensation for any lens diameter variation. A monolithic substrate is used to fabricate a low-cost microlens array. The substrate is wet-etched or sawed with a series of v-grooves. The v-grooves can be created by wet-etching, by exploiting the large etch-rate selectivity of different crystal planes. The v-grooves provide a support frame for either cylindrical or custom-shaped microlenses. Because the microlens frames are formed by photolithographic semiconductor batch-processing techniques, they can be formed inexpensively over large areas with precise lateral and vertical registration. The v-groove has an important advantage for preserving the correct focus for lenses of varying diameter. 12 figs.

  5. Handbook of normal frames and coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bozhidar Z. Iliev

    2006-10-01

    The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.

  6. Constructing Fusion Frames with Desired Parameters Robert Calderbank,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutyniok, Gitta

    Constructing Fusion Frames with Desired Parameters Robert Calderbank,1 Peter G. Casazza,2 Andreas Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1373, USA ABSTRACT A fusion frame is a frame representation. In this paper, we study the existence and construction of fusion frames. We first introduce two

  7. Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutyniok, Gitta

    Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544 fusion frame measurements in presence noise and subspace erasures. Each fusion frame mea- surement is a low-dimensional vector whose elements are inner products of an orthogonal basis for a fusion frame

  8. Composite RCS frame systems: construction and peformance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, John Phillip

    2004-09-30

    The objective of this research program is to further evaluate the performance and constructability of reinforced concrete (RC) column-steel beam-slab systems (RCS) for use in low- to mid-rise space frame buildings located in regions of high wind...

  9. Disformal Gravity Theories: A Jordan Frame Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakstein, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    The late-time cosmology of disformal gravity theories is studied in the Jordan frame using both dynamical systems methods, and by finding approximate solutions. We find that, either the disformal effects are irrelevant, or the universe evolves towards a phantom phase where the equation of state of dark energy is $-3$, in strong tension with observations. There is a marginal case where the asymptotic state of the universe depends on the model parameters and de-Sitter solutions can be obtained.

  10. Optimal Panel Zone Participation in Steel Moment Frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngo, Thanh Tat

    2014-01-03

    the overall seismic performance of that frame. As a result, the safety or reliability of a steel moment frame under earthquakes can be improved while maintaining the fabrication of the structure at an effective cost....

  11. Making Steel Framing as Thermally Efficient as Wood 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosny, J.; Childs, P.

    2002-01-01

    In many world regions like North America and Scandinavia wood framing is dominant technology for residential buildings. During last two decades several companies around the world started to promote a low-gage steel framing for residential...

  12. Nonlinear seismic response analysis of steel-concrete composite frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbato, Michele

    2008-01-01

    frame model 10TN (Northridge seismic input) floor 1 floor 2frame model 10TC (Northridge seismic input) Slip (mm) floorframe models 06TC, 10TC and 14TC (Northridge seismic input)

  13. Campus Sustainability Planetary Health Ecological Design Social and Environmental Enterprise Incuba-tion EcoVillages Sustainable Food Systems Ecoliteracy Solutions Journal Campus Systems Model Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Villages Sustainable Food Systems Ecoliteracy Solutions Journal Campus Systems Model Energy Conservation, Efficiency1 Campus Sustainability Planetary Health Ecological Design Social and Environmental Enterprise Incuba- tion EcoVillages Sustainable Food Systems Ecoliteracy Solutions Journal Campus Systems Model

  14. The generalized Fr enet's frame and its relation with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henri Poincaré -Nancy-Université, Université

    The generalized Fr#19;enet's frame and its relation with ag manifolds. Xavier CHARUEL Abstract#12;nitions and notations 3 2.3. The generalized Fr#19;enet's frame 4 3. A preliminary study of kernels 8 4. Orbits on ag manifolds 12 4.1. The diÃ?culty for generalizing the Fr#19;enet's frame 12 4

  15. Media Framing and Public Attitudes Toward Biofuels Ashlie Delshad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Media Framing and Public Attitudes Toward Biofuels Ashlie Delshad Department of Political Science between media framing and public opinion on the issue of biofuels--transportation fuels made from plants, animal products, or organic waste. First, the paper investigates how media framing of biofuels has

  16. FRAME BASED KERNEL METHODS FOR AUTOMATIC CLASSIFICATION IN HYPERSPECTRAL DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirn, Matthew

    FRAME BASED KERNEL METHODS FOR AUTOMATIC CLASSIFICATION IN HYPERSPECTRAL DATA John J. Benedetto, instead of (orthonormal) bases. Our frames are data-dependent and are based on endmember demixing schemes propose a new kernel and frame based dimension reduc- ing algorithm by exploiting the synergy between

  17. Fusion Frames and Wireless Sensor Networks Gitta Kutyniok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutyniok, Gitta

    Fusion Frames and Wireless Sensor Networks Gitta Kutyniok Institut f¨ur Mathematik Technische Universit¨at Berlin 10623 Berlin Germany Email: kutyniok@math.tu-berlin.de Abstract--Fusion frames provide science, information theory, and signal processing, to name a few. Fusion frames extend this notion

  18. Explanation of the Random Lengths Framing Lumber Composite Price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Explanation of the Random Lengths Framing Lumber Composite Price May 10, 2006 The Random Lengths Framing Lumber Composite is a broad measure of price behavior in the U.S. framing lumber market prices, 33% comes from Western U.S. prices, and 34% comes from Canadian prices. The Composite does

  19. CUSSSFIC4TION CMUXLLq

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and Myers Co -VANaval ,, *' ;x-L* d! CT NC0 - i

  20. A Framework for Policy Driven Auto-Adaptive Systems using Dynamic Framed Aspects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, Lynne

    to apply adapta- tions automatically, typically by monitoring the target system and selecting the most

  1. Spin Transport in non-inertial frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Debashree

    2014-01-01

    The influence of acceleration and rotation on spintronic applications is theoretically investigated. In our formulation, considering a Dirac particle in a non-inertial frame, different spin related aspects are studied. The spin current appearing due to the inertial spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is enhanced by the interband mixing of the conduction and valence band states. Importantly, one can achieve a large spin current through the $\\vec{k}. \\vec{p}$ method in this non-inertial frame. Furthermore, apart from the inertial SOC term due to acceleration, for a particular choice of the rotation frequency, a new kind of SOC term can be obtained from the spin rotation coupling (SRC). This new kind of SOC is of Dresselhaus type and controllable through the rotation frequency. In the field of spintronic applications, utilizing the inertial SOC and SRC induced SOC term, theoretical proposals for the inertial spin filter, inertial spin galvanic effect are demonstrated. Finally, one can tune the spin relaxation time in semi...

  2. Polymer Quantization predicts radiation in inertial frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kajuri, Nirmalya

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the response of an Unruh-DeWitt detector coupled to a polymer quantized massless scalar field in flat spacetime, using the propagator obtained by Hossain, Husain and Seahra. As this propagator violates Lorentz invariance, frames moving at different constant velocities are no longer equivalent. This means that it is possible in principle for even an observer moving at constant velocity to detect radiation. We show that such an observer indeed detects radiation. Remarkably, we show that the rate of this radiation does not decrease with the decrease in the characteristic length scale of polymer quantization. Thus the radiation cannot be suppressed by making the polymer length scale arbitrarily small. Our results should bring this theory within the ambit of low-energy experiments and place a lower limit on the characteristic polymer length scale.

  3. Inertial frames without the relativity principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baccetti, Valentina; Visser, Matt

    2011-01-01

    Ever since the work of von Ignatowsky circa 1910 it has been known that the relativity principle, combined with the mild physical assumption of linearity and the less mild assumption of isotropy, leads almost uniquely to either the Lorentz transformations of special relativity or to Galileo's transformations of classical Newtonian mechanics. Consequently, if one wishes to entertain the possibility of Lorentz symmetry breaking, then it seems likely that one will have to abandon or at the very least grossly modify the relativity principle. We reassess the notion of spacetime transformations between inertial frames in the absence of the relativity principle, arguing that significant nontrivial physics can still be extracted as long as the transformations are at least linear. An interesting technical aspect of the analysis is that the transformations now form a groupoid/pseudo-group - it is this technical point that permits one to evade the von Ignatowsky argument. Even in the absence of a relativity principle we...

  4. Polymer Quantization predicts radiation in inertial frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nirmalya Kajuri

    2015-08-04

    We investigate the response of an Unruh-DeWitt detector coupled to a polymer quantized massless scalar field in flat spacetime, using the propagator obtained by Hossain, Husain and Seahra. As this propagator violates Lorentz invariance, frames moving at different constant velocities are no longer equivalent. This means that it is possible in principle for even an observer moving at constant velocity to detect radiation. We show that such an observer indeed detects radiation. Remarkably, we show that the rate of this radiation does not decrease with the decrease in the characteristic length scale of polymer quantization. Thus the radiation cannot be suppressed by making the polymer length scale arbitrarily small. Our results should bring this theory within the ambit of low-energy experiments and place a lower limit on the characteristic polymer length scale.

  5. Consistency of equations of motion in conformal frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. R. Morris

    2014-11-05

    Four dimensional scalar-tensor theory is considered within two conformal frames, the Jordan frame (JF) and the Einstein frame (EF). The actions for the theory are equivalent and equations of motion can be obtained from each action. It is found that the JF equations of motion, expressed in terms of EF variables, translate directly into and agree with the EF equations of motion obtained from the EF action, provided that certain simple consistency conditions are satisfied, which is always the case. The implication is that a solution set obtained in one conformal frame can be reliably translated into a solution set for the other frame, and therefore the two frames are, at least, mathematically equivalent.

  6. Communication between inertial observers with partially correlated reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehdi Ahmadi; Alexander R. H. Smith; Andrzej Dragan

    2015-08-13

    In quantum communication protocols the existence of a shared reference frame between two spatially separated parties is normally presumed. However, in many practical situations we are faced with the problem of misaligned reference frames. In this paper, we study communication between two inertial observers who have partial knowledge about the Lorentz transformation that relates their frames of reference. Since every Lorentz transformation can be decomposed into a pure boost followed by a rotation, we begin by analysing the effects on communication when the parties have partial knowledge about the transformation relating their frames, when the transformation is either a rotation or pure boost. This then enables us to investigate how the efficiency of communication is affected due to partially correlated inertial reference frames related by an arbitrary Lorentz transformation. Furthermore, we show how the results of previous studies where reference frames are completely uncorrelated are recovered from our results in appropriate limits.

  7. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wednesday, 27 May 2009 00:00 Molecular-frame electron angular distribution (MFAD) measurements provide access to an unprecedented level of detailed information about phenomena...

  8. A Simple Criterion for Nonrotating Reference Frames Peter Collas1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, David

    WORDS: Nonrotating frames; Fermi-Walker transport. 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, California of Mathematics, California State University, Northridge, Northridge, CA 91330-8313. Email: david

  9. Molecular Structures and Energetics of the (TiO?)n (n = 1-4) Clusters and Their Anions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Shenggang; Dixon, David A.

    2008-07-24

    The research described in this product was performed in part in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The (TiO?)n clusters and their anions for n ) 1-4 have been studied with coupled cluster theory [CCSD(T)] and density functional theory (DFT). For n > 1, numerous conformations are located for both the neutral and anionic clusters, and their relative energies are calculated at both the DFT and CCSD(T) levels. The CCSD(T) energies are extrapolated to the complete basis set limit for the monomer and dimer and calculated up to the triple-? level for the trimer and tetramer. The adiabatic and vertical electron detachment energies of the anionic clusters to the ground and first excited states of the neutral clusters are calculated at both levels and compared with the experimental results. The comparison allows for the definitive assignment of the groundstate structures of the anionic clusters. Anions of the dimer and tetramer are found to have very closely lying conformations within 2 kcal/mol at the CCSD(T) level, whereas that of the trimer does not. In addition, accurate clustering energies and heats of formation are calculated for the neutral clusters and compared with the available experimental data. Estimates of the titanium-oxygen bond energies show that they are stronger than the group VIB transition metal-oxygen bonds except for tungsten. The atomization energies of these clusters display much stronger basis set dependence than the clustering energies. This allows the calculation of more accurate heats of formation for larger clusters on the basis of calculated clustering energies.

  10. Towards an InTerdIscIplInary approach To nexT-GeneraTIon BIofuels EnvironmEntal, tEchno-Economic, and GovErnancE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Towards an InTerdIscIplInary approach To nexT-GeneraTIon BIofuels EnvironmEntal, t. 2010. The Ecological Impact of Biofuels. Pages 351-377 in D. J. Futuyma, H. B. Shafer, and D. Huffer, S., Roche, C.M., Blanch, H.W., and Clark, D.S. (2012). Escherichia coli for biofuel production

  11. 10.1177/0270467603256088ARTICLEBULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / August 2003Kulkarni / CLIMATE CHANGE TREATY NEGOTIA-TIONS A Southern Critique of the Globalist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    / CLIMATE CHANGE TREATY NEGOTIA-TIONS A Southern Critique of the Globalist Assumptions About Technology equitable solutions for develop- ing countries. Keywords: Kyoto Protocol, climate change, technology (United Nations, 1997). Technology Transfer in Global Climate Change Policy To make the GHG abatement

  12. UGA DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION SUPPLEMENTAL GENERAL REQUIREMENTS & STANDARDS DOOR AND FRAMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    have welded joints. B. Knock down door frames (factory pre-finished steel door frames which exception below for UGA Housing). F. For UGA Housing Only (New Construction) i. Design Professional for tested, labeled door construction for Project. 6) Lite/lock conflicts: follow door manufacturer

  13. DESIGN OF PARTIALLY RESTRAINED STEEL FRAMES USING ADVANCED ANALYSIS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Christopher M.

    DESIGN OF PARTIALLY RESTRAINED STEEL FRAMES USING ADVANCED ANALYSIS AND AN OBJECT by the experience and intuition of the designer. However, researchers are continually developing analysis of the steel frames in lieu of design specification and code requirements. The advanced analysis based design

  14. Frame expansions for Gabor multipliers John J. Benedetto 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benedetto, John J.

    design, where redundant frame decompositions are increasingly applicable. Key words: Gabor multipliers, Gabor frames 1 Introduction Inspired and initiated by von Neumann in quantum mechanics [1], pp.405 ff of the unitary operator U. The equivalence of (1) and (2) follows from the elementary calculation () Pg,h () f

  15. Newton-Cartan Gravity in Noninertial Reference Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leo Rodriguez; James St. Germaine-Fuller; Sujeev Wickramasekara

    2014-12-26

    We study properties of Newton-Cartan gravity under transformations into all noninertial, nonrelativistic reference frames. The set of these transformations has the structure of an infinite dimensional Lie group, called the Galilean line group, which contains as a subgroup the Galilei group. We show that the fictitious forces of noninertial reference frames are naturally encoded in the Cartan connection transformed under the Galilean line group. These noninertial forces, which are coordinate effects, do not contribute to the Ricci tensor which describes the curvature of Newtonian spacetime. We show that only the $00$-component of the Ricci tensor is non-zero and equal to ($4\\pi$ times) the matter density in any inertial or noninetial reference frame and that it leads to what may be called Newtonian ADM mass. While the Ricci field equation and Gauss law are both fulfilled by the same physical matter density in inertial and linearly accelerating reference frames, there appears a discrepancy between the two in rotating reference frames in that Gauss law holds for an effective mass density that differs from the physical matter density. This effective density has its origin in the simulated magnetic field that appears in rotating frames, highlighting a rather striking difference between linearly and rotationally accelerating reference frames. We further show that the dynamical equations that govern the simulated gravitational and magnetic fields have the same form as Maxwell's equations, a surprising conclusion given that these equations are well-known to obey special relativity (and $U(1)$-gauge symmetry), rather than Galilean symmetry.

  16. Means to flexibly attach lens frames to temple members

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Harry D. (Richland, WA)

    1995-01-01

    The invention is a band hinge for flexibly connecting the temple member to the lens frame thereby preventing damage from inadvertent pressure or cyclic wear. A distinguishing feature of the invention is the use of a band hinge that holds together the temple member and the lens frame without the use of a pin or screw hinging mechanism. The invention allows for a high degree of freedom of movement for the temple member with respect to the lens frame which will prevent most forms of damages to the glasses from these types of events.

  17. The no-drag frame for anomalous chiral fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephanov, Mikhail A

    2015-01-01

    We show that for an anomalous fluid carrying dissipationless chiral magnetic and/or vortical currents there is a frame in which a stationary obstacle experiences no drag, but energy and charge currents do not vanish, resembling superfluidity. However, unlike ordinary superfluid flow, the anomalous chiral currents do transport entropy in this frame. We show that the second law of thermodynamics completely determines the amounts of these anomalous non-dissipative currents in the "no-drag frame" as polynomials in temperature and chemical potential with known anomaly coefficients. These general results are illustrated and confirmed by a calculation in the chiral kinetic theory and quark-gluon plasma at high temperature.

  18. The proper characteristics of frame reference as a 4-invariants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Voytik

    2015-06-02

    The paper derived 4-dimensional equation for the proper characteristics of the rigid frame of reference. From these conditions it follows the laws of motion of its proper tetrad and inverse kinematics equation, i. e., differential equations, which solves the problem of recovering the parameters of the motion of rigid frame of reference for their proper acceleration and angular velocity. In particular it is shown that the commission boost the moving frame of reference having Thomas precession for a new laboratory system will have a combination of two rotations: a new self-Thomas precession and rotation Wigner, which combine to give an initial frequency of the Thomas precession.

  19. ogous days were identical; the midday and evening meals were eaten at the Investiga-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . The frequency of olive oil (p oil (p consumption was higher in the south. The use significantly during the 'beer' and 'water' periods. The caloric intake and consumption of total glucides consumption. The daily con- sumption of 660 mL of beer, representing extra an 268.4 kcal, was offset

  20. The InsTITuTes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne InnovaTIon engInes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    The InsTITuTes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne InnovaTIon engInes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne InvoMedIcIne #12;The InsTITuTes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne Improvement means doing the same thing better. Innovation involves doing it in an entirely different manner. Innovative solutions are the result of new ideas

  1. Deep Frames, White Men's Discourse, and Black Female Bodies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Brittany C.

    2012-02-14

    the bounds of hegemonic femininity, beauty, sexuality, and womanhood. Using the theoretical concept deep frame, which is the "conceptual infrastructure of the mind" (Lakoff 2006a:12) and representative of one's commonsense world view, I argue that the ways...

  2. Quantum geometrodynamical description of the Universe in different reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Shestakova

    2002-05-16

    Several years ago the so-called quantum geometrodynamics in extended phase space was proposed. The main role in this version of quantum geometrodynamics is given to a wave function that carries information about geometry of the Universe as well as about a reference frame in which this geometry is studied. We consider the evolution of a physical object (the Universe) in ``physical'' subspace of extended configurational space, the latter including gauge and ghost degrees of freedom. A measure of the ``physical'' subspace depends on a chosen reference frame, in particular, a small variation of a gauge-fixing function results in changing the measure. Thus, a transition to another gauge condition (another reference frame) leads to non-unitary transformation of a physical part of the wave function. From the viewpoint of the evolution of the Universe in the ``physical'' subspace a transition to another reference frame is an irreversible process that may be important when spacetime manifold has a nontrivial topology.

  3. Gesturing beyond the Frame: Transnational Trauma and US War Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahti, Ruth A. H.

    2012-01-01

    of Civilians in America’s Wars (New York: Oxford UniversityButler, Judith. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? NewRacial Melancholy in Vietnam War Representation. ” Arizona

  4. Frame: An Imperative Coordination Language for Parallel Programming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Murray

    2000-01-01

    We present Frame, a simple language which facilitates structured expression of imperative parallelism. Programs are described at two levels. The top level captures the main parallel algorithmic structure (which may be nested) and is independent...

  5. Contrast from rotating frame relaxation by adiabatic pulses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Michaeli, Shalom (St. Paul, MN); Garwood, Michael G. (Medina, MN); Ugurbil, Kamil (Minneapolis, MN); Sorce, Dennis J. (Cockeysville, MD)

    2007-10-09

    This document discusses, among other things, a system and method for modulating transverse and longitudinal relaxation time contrast in a rotating frame based on a train of radio frequency pulses.

  6. Inertial frames without the relativity principle: breaking Lorentz symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baccetti, Valentina; Visser, Matt

    2013-01-01

    We investigate inertial frames in the absence of Lorentz invariance, reconsidering the usual group structure implied by the relativity principle. We abandon the relativity principle, discarding the group structure for the transformations between inertial frames, while requiring these transformations to be at least linear (to preserve homogeneity). In theories with a preferred frame (aether), the set of transformations between inertial frames forms a groupoid/pseudogroup instead of a group, a characteristic essential to evading the von Ignatowsky theorems. In order to understand the dynamics, we also demonstrate that the transformation rules for energy and momentum are in general affine. We finally focus on one specific and compelling model implementing a minimalist violation of Lorentz invariance.

  7. Bearing capacity of spatially random soil: the undrained clay Prandtl problem revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    variant dans l'espace. Cette investiga- tion a pour but de deÂterminer les effets sur les statistiques de

  8. Spin-dependent Hall effect in a parabolic well with a quasi-three-dimensional electron gas G. M. Gusev, C. A. Duarte, A. A. Quivy, T. E. Lamas, and J. R. Leite*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    The electron spin is a subject of intense current investiga- tion in the area of spintronics--a new and very

  9. Identifying Alternative Frames and Values to Increase Public Support for Health Policies that Target Obesity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Selena E.

    2013-01-01

    51 4.3. Alternative Frame No.2: The Manipulation206 8.2. Alternative Frames and ValuesReframing Obesity through Alternative Frames and Values 4.1.

  10. Frame flow between government and the news media and its effects on the public: Framing of North Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jeongsub; Seo, Hyunjin

    2009-07-01

    Public opinion is likely to be susceptible to the way a government and the news media frame foreign countries, because unlike domestic issues, foreign news is typically beyond a person's direct experience. How does the ...

  11. Non-minimal Higgs inflation and frame dependence in cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinwachs, Christian F.; Kamenshchik, Alexander Yu.

    2013-02-21

    We investigate a very general class of cosmological models with scalar fields non-minimally coupled to gravity. A particular representative in this class is given by the non-minimal Higgs inflation model in which the Standard Model Higgs boson and the inflaton are described by one and the same scalar particle. While the predictions of the non-minimal Higgs inflation scenario come numerically remarkably close to the recently discovered mass of the Higgs boson, there remains a conceptual problem in this model that is associated with the choice of the cosmological frame. While the classical theory is independent of this choice, we find by an explicit calculation that already the first quantum corrections induce a frame dependence. We give a geometrical explanation of this frame dependence by embedding it into a more general field theoretical context. From this analysis, some conceptional points in the long lasting cosmological debate: 'Jordan frame vs. Einstein frame' become more transparent and in principle can be resolved in a natural way.

  12. Fuel cell repeater unit including frame and separator plate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamanis, Jean; Hawkes, Justin R; Chiapetta, Jr., Louis; Bird, Connie E; Sun, Ellen Y; Croteau, Paul F

    2013-11-05

    An example fuel cell repeater includes a separator plate and a frame establishing at least a portion of a flow path that is operative to communicate fuel to or from at least one fuel cell held by the frame relative to the separator plate. The flow path has a perimeter and any fuel within the perimeter flow across the at least one fuel cell in a first direction. The separator plate, the frame, or both establish at least one conduit positioned outside the flow path perimeter. The conduit is outside of the flow path perimeter and is configured to direct flow in a second, different direction. The conduit is fluidly coupled with the flow path.

  13. Mesoscopic Mechanical Resonators as Quantum Non-Inertial Reference Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. N. Katz; M. P. Blencowe; K. C. Schwab

    2015-10-11

    An atom attached to a micrometer-scale wire that is vibrating at a frequency of 100 MHz and with displacement amplitude 1 nm experiences an acceleration magnitude 10^9 ms^-2, approaching the surface gravity of a neutron star. As one application of such extreme non-inertial forces in a mesoscopic setting, we consider a model two-path atom interferometer with one path consisting of the 100 MHz vibrating wire atom guide. The vibrating wire guide serves as a non-inertial reference frame and induces an in principle measurable phase shift in the wave function of an atom traversing the wire frame. We furthermore consider the effect on the two-path atom wave interference when the vibrating wire is modeled as a quantum object, hence functioning as a quantum non-inertial reference frame. We outline a possible realization of the vibrating wire, atom interferometer using a superfluid helium quantum interference setup.

  14. The thermal performance of steel-framed walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbour, C.E. [NAHB Research Center, Upper Marlboro, MD (United States). Building Systems Div.; Goodrow, J. [Holometrix, Bedford, MA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Thermal bridges are areas in constructions that have highly conductive materials, allowing higher heat transfer through less conductive areas. In a wall, thermal bridges can increase heat loss, cause dust to accumulate on the studs (ghosting) due to temperature distribution, and cause condensation to form in and on the walls. The effects of thermal bridges are often misunderstood by engineers, buildings, and manufacturers of construction products. This study attempts to provide a better understanding of the effects of thermal bridges in steel-framed walls, as well as information leading to improved methods of predicting R-value of walls containing thermal bridges. An improved method for estimating R-value would allow an equitable comparison of thermal performance with other construction types and materials. This would increase the number of alternative materials for walls available to designers, thus allowing them the freedom to correctly choose the optimum choice for construction. In order to arrive at an improved method, experimental data on the heat transfer characteristics of steel-framed walls were collected. Twenty-three wall samples were tested in a calibrated hot box (ASTM C976) to measure the thermal performance of steel-framed wall systems. The tests included an array of stud frame configurations, exterior sheathing, and fiberglass batt insulations. Other studies of thermal bridging in steel-framed walls have not included the use of insulating sheathing, which reduces the extent of the thermal bridges and improves total thermal performance. The purpose of the project was to provide measured R-values for commonly used steel-framed wall configurations and to improve R-value estimating methods. Also, detailed monitoring of temperature gradients in the test walls combined with numerical analysis provided new insights into heat transfer phenomena concerning thermal bridges.

  15. Electromagnetic pulses which have a zero momentum frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Lekner

    2003-04-08

    One set of the Ziolkowski family of exact solutions of the wave equation are shown to represent pulses propagating with momentum smaller than energy/c. This is explicitly demonstrated for special cases by calculating the total electromagnetic momentum and energy. Since the ratio of momentum to energy is a constant smaller than 1/c, there exists a Lorentz transformation to a frame in which the total momentum is zero. In the zero-momentum frame the fields are those of an annular pulse converging onto or diverging from a focal region.

  16. Image Framing in Climate Change News Stories, p-1 Image Themes and Frames in U.S. Print News Stories about Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hespanha, João Pedro

    Image Framing in Climate Change News Stories, p-1 Image Themes and Frames in U.S. Print News Stories about Climate Change Stacy Rebich-Hespanha, Ronald E. Rice, Daniel R. Montello, Sean Retzloff, Sandrine Tien & João P. Hespanha Research on frames in climate change news coverage has advanced

  17. The Effect of Connection Fractures on Steel Moment Resisting Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    The Effect of Connection Fractures on Steel Moment Resisting Frame Seismic Demands and Safety - The Effect of Connection Fractures on SMRF Seismic Demands and Safety 1. Contents, Approach, Models........................................................................................C-1 "Numerical Example of the Proposed SAC Procedure for Assessing the Annual Exceedance Probabilities

  18. Building America Top Innovations 2012: Advanced Framing Systems and Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-01-01

    This Building America Top Innovations profile describes Building America research showing advanced 2x6, 24-inch on-center framing, single top plates, open headers, and 2-stud corners reduced board feet of lumber by more than 1,000 feet, cut energy use by 13%, and cut material and labor costs by more than $1,000 on a typical home.

  19. Frame Theory and Optimal Anchor Geometries in Wireless Localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steendam, Heidi

    for an arbitrary number of anchors is governed by the fundamental inequality in frame theory. Furthermore theory is S. Van de Velde and H. Steendam are with the Department of Telecom- munications and Information, they have been successfully applied in fields where redundancy is the key such as coding theory, robust

  20. Ultrathin Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Network Framed Graphene Hybrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    Ultrathin Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Network Framed Graphene Hybrids Rui Wang, Tu Hong, and Ya ABSTRACT: Graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have shown superior potential in electronics method is developed to synthesize ultrathin SWNT-graphene films through chemical vapor deposition

  1. Demonstrating genuine multipartite entanglement and nonseparability without shared reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Celal Furkan Senel; Thomas Lawson; Marc Kaplan; Damian Markham; Eleni Diamanti

    2015-04-02

    Multipartite nonlocality is of great fundamental interest and constitutes a useful resource for many quantum information protocols. However, demonstrating it in practice, by violating a Bell inequality, can be difficult. In particular, standard experimental setups require the alignment of distant parties' reference frames, which can be challenging or impossible in practice. In this work we study the violation of certain Bell inequalities, namely the Mermin, Mermin-Klyshko and Svetlichny inequalities, without shared reference frames, when parties share a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state. Furthermore, we analyse how these violations demonstrate genuine multipartite features of entanglement and nonlocality. For 3, 4 and 5 parties, we show that it is possible to violate these inequalities with high probability, when the parties choose their measurements from the three Pauli operators, defined only with respect to their local frames. Moreover, the probability of violation, and the amount of violation, are increased when each party chooses their measurements from the four operators describing the vertices of a tetrahedron. We also consider how many randomly chosen measurement directions are needed to violate the Bell inequalities with high probability. We see that the obtained levels of violation are sufficient to also demonstrate genuine multipartite entanglement and nonseparability. Finally, we show analytically that choosing from two measurement settings per party is sufficient to demonstrate the maximum degree of genuine multipartite entanglement and nonseparability with certainty when the parties' reference frames are aligned in one direction so that they differ only in rotations around one axis.

  2. Generalizing Case Frames Using a Thesaurus and the MDL Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Generalizing Case Frames Using a Thesaurus and the MDL Principle Hang Li* NEC Corporation Naoki Abe, the proposed method makes use of an existing thesaurus and restricts its attention to those partitions that are present as "cuts" in the thesaurus tree, thus reducing thegeneralization problem to that ofestimating

  3. Inter-frame Motion Correction for MR Thermometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Inter-frame Motion Correction for MR Thermometry S. Suprijanto1 , M.W. Vogel3 , F.M. Vos1 , H.A. Vrooman2,3 , and A.M. Vossepoel1,2,3 1 Quantitative Imaging, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft with MRI to monitor changes in thermal therapy. Phase shift based MR thermome- try gives an estimate

  4. Seismic Retrofitting of RC Frames with RC Infilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seismic Retrofitting of RC Frames with RC Infilling SERIES Workshop: "Role of research infrastructures in seismic rehabilitation" 8 - 9 February 2012, Istanbul, Turkey C. Z. Chrysostomou, N. Kyriakides, P. Kotronis, P. Roussis, M. Poljansek, F. Taucer RC Infilling of Existing RC Structures for Seismic

  5. Performance of Wood-Frame Structures during Hurricane Katrina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rakesh

    Performance of Wood-Frame Structures during Hurricane Katrina John W. van de Lindt, M.ASCE1 ; and Kenneth J. Fridley, M.ASCE6 Abstract: The costliest natural disaster in U.S. history was Hurricane Katrina; Hurricanes; Damage; Gulf of Mexico. Introduction The data reconnaissance consisted of 3 days of data

  6. Thermal performance of steel-framed walls. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbour, E. [NAHB Research Center, Inc., Upper Marlboro, MD (United States); Goodrow, J. [Holometrix, Inc., Bedford, MA (United States); Kosny, J.; Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1994-11-21

    In wall construction, highly conductive members spaced along the wall, which allow higher heat transfer than that through less conductive areas, are referred to as thermal bridges. Thermal bridges in walls tend to increase heat loss and, under certain adverse conditions, can cause dust streaking (``ghosting``) on interior walls over studs due to temperature differentials, as well as condensation in and on walls. Although such adverse conditions can be easily avoided by proper thermal design of wall systems, these effects have not been well understood and thermal data has been lacking. Therefore, the present study was initiated to provide (1) a better understanding of the thermal behavior of steel-framed walls, (2) a set of R-values for typical wall constructions, and (3) information that could be used to develop improved methods of predicting R-values. An improved method for estimating R-value would allow an equitable comparison of thermal performance with other construction types and materials. This would increase the number of alternative materials for walls available to designers, thus allowing them to choose the optimum choice for construction. Twenty-three wall samples were tested in a calibrated hot box (ASTM C9761) to measure the thermal performance of steel-framed wall systems. The tests included an array of stud frame configurations, exterior sheathing and fiberglass batt insulations. Other studies have not included the use of insulating sheathing, which reduces the extent of the thermal bridges and improves total thermal performance. The purpose of the project was to provide measured R-values for commonly used steel-framed wall configurations and to improve R-value estimating methods. Test results were compared to R-value estimates using the parallel path method, the isothermal planes method and the ASHRAE Zone method. The comparison showed that the known procedures do not fully account for the three-dimensional effects created by steel framing in a wall.

  7. Modeling laser wakefield accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vay, J.-L.; Geddes, C.G.R.; Cormier-Michel, E.; Grote, D.P.

    2010-09-15

    Modeling of laser-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [1] is shown to produce orders of magnitude speed-up of calculations from first principles. Obtaining these speedups requires mitigation of a high frequency instability that otherwise limits effectiveness in addition to solutions for handling data input and output in a relativistically boosted frame of reference. The observed high-frequency instability is mitigated using methods including an electromagnetic solver with tunable coefficients, its extension to accomodate Perfectly Matched Layers and Friedman's damping algorithms, as well as an efficient large bandwidth digital filter. It is shown that choosing theframe of the wake as the frame of reference allows for higher levels of filtering and damping than is possible in other frames for the same accuracy. Detailed testing also revealed serendipitously the existence of a singular time step at which the instability level is minimized, independently of numerical dispersion, thus indicating that the observed instability may not be due primarily to Numerical Cerenkov as has been conjectured. The techniques developed for Cerenkov mitigation prove nonetheless to be very efficient at controlling the instability. Using these techniques, agreement at the percentage level is demonstrated between simulations using different frames of reference, with speedups reaching two orders of magnitude for a 0.1 GeV class stages. The method then allows direct and efficient full-scale modeling of deeply depleted laser-plasma stages of 10 GeV-1 TeV for the first time, verifying the scaling of plasma accelerators to very high energies. Over 4, 5 and 6 orders of magnitude speedup is achieved for the modeling of 10 GeV, 100 GeV and 1 TeV class stages, respectively.

  8. Universal cell frame for high-pressure water electrolyzer and electrolyzer including the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmitt, Edwin W.; Norman, Timothy J.

    2013-01-08

    Universal cell frame generic for use as an anode frame and as a cathode frame in a water electrolyzer. According to one embodiment, the universal cell frame includes a unitary annular member having a central opening. Four trios of transverse openings are provided in the annular member, each trio being spaced apart by about 90 degrees. A plurality of internal radial passageways fluidly interconnect the central opening and each of the transverse openings of two diametrically-opposed trios of openings, the other two trios of openings lacking corresponding radial passageways. Sealing ribs are provided on the top and bottom surfaces of the annular member. The present invention is also directed at a water electrolyzer that includes two such cell frames, one being used as the anode frame and the other being used as the cathode frame, the cathode frame being rotated 90 degrees relative to the anode frame.

  9. CLASSIFICdTION CAWXL~ DAm

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and Myers Co -VANaval ,, *' ; .BETHLEHEM$f 2c

  10. Photoionization microscopy in terms of local frame transformation theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Giannakeas; F. Robicheaux; Chris H. Greene

    2014-10-27

    Two-photon ionization of an alkali-metal atom in the presence of a uniform electric field is investigated using a standardized form of local frame transformation and generalized quantum defect theory. The relevant long-range quantum defect parameters in the combined Coulombic plus Stark potential is calculated with eigenchannel R-matrix theory applied in the downstream parabolic coordinate $\\eta$. The present formulation permits us to express the corresponding microscopy observables in terms of the local frame transformation, and it gives a critical test of the accuracy of the Harmin-Fano theory permitting a scholastic investigation of the claims presented in Zhao {\\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. A 86, 053413 (2012)].

  11. Communication channel of fermionic system in accelerated frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinho Chang; Younghun Kwon

    2012-08-23

    In this article, we investigate the communication channel of fermionic system in an accelerated frame. We observe that at the infinite acceleration, the mutual information of single rail quantum channel coincides with that of double rail quantum channel, but those of classical ones reach different values. Furthermore, we find that at the infinite acceleration, the conditional entropy of single(or double) rail quantum channel vanishes, but those of classical ones may have finite values. In addition, we see that even when considering a method beyond the single mode approximation, the dual rail entangled state seems to provide better channel capacity than the single rail entangled state, unlike the bosonic case. Moreover, we find that the single-mode approximation is not sufficient to analyze the communication channel of fermionic system in an accelerated frame.

  12. On the dark energy rest frame and the CMB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Beltran Jimenez; Antonio L. Maroto

    2008-12-11

    Dark energy is usually parametrized as a perfect fluid with negative pressure and a certain equation of state. Besides, it is supposed to interact very weakly with the rest of the components of the universe and, as a consequence, there is no reason to expect it to have the same large-scale rest frame as matter and radiation. Thus, apart from its equation of state $w$ and its energy density $\\Omega_{DE}$ one should also consider its velocity as a free parameter to be determined by observations. This velocity defines a cosmological preferred frame, so the universe becomes anisotropic and, therefore, the CMB temperature fluctuations will be affected, modifying mainly the dipole and the quadrupole.

  13. Use of explosives to demolish multistory steel frame buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landry, Charles Vernon

    1988-01-01

    OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES . 1. INTRODUCTION. vi 1. 1 Problem Definition . 1. 2 Work Done to Date. 1. 3 Purpose of the Study . 1. 4 Approach. 2. GENERAL PLANNING FOR STEEL FRAME MULTISTORY DEMOLITION. 2. 1 Introduction. 2. 2 General Mechanics... of the other companies who use these techniques, have, in the past, worked for Controiled Demolition Inc. Due in part to these connections, many of these companies consider all of the information on their controlled demolition techniques as proprietary...

  14. High image quality sub 100 picosecond gated framing camera development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, R.H.; Wiedwald, J.D.

    1983-11-17

    A major challenge for laser fusion is the study of the symmetry and hydrodynamic stability of imploding fuel capsules. Framed x-radiographs of 10-100 ps duration, excellent image quality, minimum geometrical distortion (< 1%), dynamic range greater than 1000, and more than 200 x 200 pixels are required for this application. Recent progress on a gated proximity focused intensifier which meets these requirements is presented.

  15. Framing Cinematic Indians within the Social Construction of Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Cynthia-Lou

    2006-03-01

    Framing Cinematic Indians within the Social Construction of Place Cynthia-Lou Coleman Native American images have become ubiquitous in the marketplace of goods, with raven-haired maidens adorning grapefruit boxes and aftershave bottles shaped...-American values that emerge from distinct conceptualizations of "place." By examining the role of place in cinematic Westerns, we begin to understand deeply held beliefs that not only permeate cinema, but continue to unfold in modern-day controversies involving...

  16. Flavor twisted boundary conditions in the Breit frame

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, F.-J.; Tiburzi, B. C.

    2008-08-01

    We use a generalization of chiral perturbation theory to account for the effects of flavor twisted boundary conditions in the Breit frame. The relevant framework for two light flavors is an SU(6|4) partially quenched theory, where the extra valence quarks differ only by their boundary conditions. Focusing on the pion electromagnetic form factor, finite volume corrections are calculated at next-to-leading order in the chiral expansion and are estimated to be small on current lattices.

  17. Seismic Rehabilitation of RC Frames by Using Steel Panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mowrtage, Waiel [Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute of Bogazici University, Earthquake Engineering Department, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2008-07-08

    Every major earthquake in Turkey causes a large number of building suffer moderate damage due to poor construction. If a proper and fast retrofit is not applied, the aftershocks, which may sometimes come days or weeks after the main shock, can push a moderately damaged building into a major damage or even total collapse. This paper presents a practical retrofit method for moderately damaged buildings, which increases the seismic performance of the structural system by reducing the displacement demand. Fabricated steel panels are used for the retrofit. They are light-weight, easy to handle, and can be constructed very quickly. Moreover, they are cheap, and do not need formwork or skilled workers. They can be designed to compensate for the stiffness and strength degradation, and to fit easily inside a moderately damaged reinforced concrete frame.To test the concept, a half-scale, single-story 3D reinforced concrete frame specimen was constructed at the shake-table laboratories of the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute of Bogazici University, and subjected to recorded real earthquake base accelerations. The amplitudes of base accelerations were increased until a moderate damage level is reached. Then, the damaged RC frames was retrofitted by means of steel panels and tested under the same earthquake. The seismic performance of the specimen before and after the retrofit was evaluated using FEMA356 standards, and the results were compared in terms of stiffness, strength, and deformability. The results have confirmed effectiveness of the proposed retrofit scheme.

  18. Using FRAMES to Manage Environmental and Water Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whelan, Gene; Millard, W. David; Gelston, Gariann M.; Khangaonkar, Tarang P.; Pelton, Mitch A.; Strenge, Dennis L.; Yang, Zhaoqing; Lee, Cheegwan; Sivaraman, Chitra; Stephan, Alex J.; Hoopes, Bonnie L.; Castleton, Karl J.

    2007-05-16

    The Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems FRAMES) is decision-support middleware that provides users the ability to design software solutions for complex problems. It is a software platform that provides seamless and transparent communication between modeling components by using a multi-thematic approach to provide a flexible and holistic understanding of how environmental factors potentially affect humans and the environment. It incorporates disparate components (e.g., models, databases, and other frameworks) that integrate across scientific disciplines, allowing for tailored solutions to specific activities. This paper discusses one example application of FRAMES, where several commercialoff-the-shelf (COTS) software products are seamlessly linked into a planning and decision-support tool that helps manage water-based emergency situations and sustainable response. Multiple COTS models, including three surface water models, and a number of databases are linked through FRAMES to assess the impact of three asymmetric and simultaneous events, two of which impact water resources. The asymmetric events include 1) an unconventional radioactive release into a large potable water body, 2) a conventional contaminant (oil) release into navigable waters, and 3) an instantaneous atmospheric radioactive release.

  19. Fast Hybrid and Monolithic CMOS Imagers in Multi-Frame Radiography...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Fast Hybrid and Monolithic CMOS Imagers in Multi-Frame Radiography Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fast Hybrid and Monolithic CMOS Imagers in Multi-Frame...

  20. Conflicting Frames : the dispute over the meaning of rolezinhos in Brazilian media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goncalves, Alexandre A

    2014-01-01

    This research analyzes the battle of frames in the controversy surrounding rolezinhos- flashmobs organized by low-income youth in Brazilian shopping malls. To analyze the framing of these events, a corpus of 4,523 online ...

  1. State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsen, Arild

    2008-01-01

    frames, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 25, pp.glazed windows, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, Vol.

  2. Cooling air recycling for gas turbine transition duct end frame and related method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cromer, Robert Harold (Johnstown, NY); Bechtel, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Sutcu, Maz (Niskayuna, NY)

    2002-01-01

    A method of cooling a transition duct end frame in a gas turbine includes the steps of a) directing cooling air into the end frame from a region external of the transition duct and the impingement cooling sleeve; and b) redirecting the cooling air from the end frame into the annulus between the transition duct and the impingement cooling sleeve.

  3. Elastomeric Network Models for the Frame and Viscid Silks from the Orb Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denny, Mark

    Chapter 27 Elastomeric Network Models for the Frame and Viscid Silks from the Orb Web of the Spider of these networks. This paper presents an analysis of frame silk and viscid silk from the orb web of the spider is produced by the major ampullate gland and is used to form the frame of the orb web, as well as the radii

  4. SPARSE FUSION FRAMES: EXISTENCE AND CONSTRUCTION ROBERT CALDERBANK, PETER G. CASAZZA, ANDREAS HEINECKE, GITTA KUTYNIOK,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutyniok, Gitta

    SPARSE FUSION FRAMES: EXISTENCE AND CONSTRUCTION ROBERT CALDERBANK, PETER G. CASAZZA, ANDREAS HEINECKE, GITTA KUTYNIOK, AND ALI PEZESHKI Abstract. Fusion frame theory is an emerging mathematical theory that provides a natural framework for performing hierarchical data processing. A fusion frame can be regarded

  5. Bimetric Gravity From Adjoint Frame Field In Four Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhi-Qiang

    2015-01-01

    We provide a novel model of gravity by using adjoint frame fields in four dimensions. It has a natural interpretation as a gravitational theory of a complex metric field, which describes interactions between two real metrics. The classical solutions establish three appealing features. The spherical symmetric black hole solution has an additional hair, which includes the Schwarzschild solution as a special case. The de Sitter solution is realized without introducing a cosmological constant. The constant flat background breaks the Lorentz invariance spontaneously, although the Lorentz breaking effect can be localized to the second metric while the first metric still respects the Lorentz invariance.

  6. Quantum chaos and order based on classically moving reference frames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hai Wenhua [Department of Physics, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081 (China); Department of Physics, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan (China); Xie Qiongtao; Fang Jianshu [Department of Physics, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081 (China)

    2005-07-15

    We develop a mathematically consistent approach for treating the quantum systems based on moving classical reference frames. The classical and quantum exact solutions show excellently classical-quantum correspondence, in which the quantum chaotic coherent states correspond to the classically chaotic motions. Applying the approach to the periodically driven linear and nonlinear oscillators, the regular and chaotic quantum states and quantum levels, and the quantum chaotic regions are evidenced. The results indicate that chaos may cause the collapse of matter wave packets and suppress the quantum effect of energy.

  7. A two-frame sampling survey: the Edwards Plateau study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burcham, George William

    1970-01-01

    1970 Ba?820 ABSTRACT A T?o-Frame Samoling Survey: The Ed?aids Plateau Study. (January 1970) C orge V. Bu;cham, B. S. , East Texas State University; Directed by: Dr. R. J. Freund This research deals wi th problems that akd se in the estimation... the variance component arising throuah the stratified sub-sampling of the n tracts. Since A (given by (4)) is the standard stratified estimate of the population total A (given by (3)) wc have from standard stratified sampling formulas 32 2 v (A) = (EP) zn...

  8. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStress Molecular MimicryMolecular-Frame Angular

  9. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStress Molecular MimicryMolecular-Frame

  10. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStress MolecularMolecular-Frame Angular

  11. SolarFrameWorks Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH JumpSloughInfra IncInformationSolarFrameWorks

  12. Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i Framing Document http://energy.gov/QTR 3/14/2011 U.S. Department of

  13. High frame-rate, large field wavefront sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avicola, K.; Salmon, J.T.; Brase, J.; Waltjen, K.; Presta, R.; Balch, K.S.

    1992-03-01

    A two-stage intensified 192 {times} 239 pixel imager developed by Eastman Kodak for motion analysis was used to construct a 1 kHz frame-rate Hartmann wavefront sensor. The sensor uses a monolithic array of lenslets with a focal length that is adjusted by an index fluid between the convex surface and an optical flat. The accuracy of the calculated centroid position, which is related to wavefront measurement accuracy, was obtained as a function of spot power and spot size. The sensor was then dynamically tested at a 1 kHz frame-rate with a 9 {times} 9 lenslet array and a fast steering mirror, which swept a plane wavefront across the wavefront sensor. An 8 cm diameter subaperture will provide a return signal (589 nm) level of about 1000 photons/ms using the AVLIS 1 kW laser (stretched pulse) as guide star source, which is sufficient to yield a wavefront measurement of better than {gamma}/10 rms. If an area of 6 {times} 6 pixels per Hartmann spot were allocated, this wavefront sensor could support a 32 {times} 32, or 1024, element deformable mirror.

  14. Progressive Collapse Mechanisms of Brittle and Ductile Framed Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrico Masoero; Falk K. Wittel; Hans J. Herrmann; B. M. Chiaia

    2015-09-07

    In this paper, we study the progressive collapse of 3D framed structures made of reinforced concrete after the sudden loss of a column. The structures are represented by elasto-plastic Euler Bernoulli beams with elongation-rotation failure threshold. We performed simulations using the Discrete Element Method considering inelastic collisions between the structural elements. The results show what collapse initiation and impact-driven propagation mechanisms are activated in structures with different geometric and mechanical features. Namely, we investigate the influence of the cross sectional size and reinforcement $\\alpha$ and of the plastic capacity $\\beta$ of the structural elements. We also study the final collapse extent and the fragment size distribution and their relation to $\\alpha$, $\\beta$ and to the observed collapse mechanisms. Finally, we compare the damage response of structures with symmetric and asymmetric reinforcement in the beams.

  15. REFERENCES AND NOTES scheme, the Sarasota Unit, Buckingham "Forma-uplift minus exhumation. Rock uplift can be tion," the Ochopee "Member," and the Pinecrest driven by tectonic forcing or by the isostatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    I REFERENCES AND NOTES scheme, the Sarasota Unit, Buckingham "Forma- uplift minus exhumation. Rock uplift can be tion," the Ochopee "Member," and the Pinecrest driven by tectonic forcing uplift attributable to tectonic forcing, 3. S. M. Stanley, Geology 12, 205 (1984). Okeechobee Formation

  16. IEEE TransacTIons on UlTrasonIcs, FErroElEcTrIcs, and FrEqUEncy conTrol, vol. 61, no. 3, March 2014420 08853010 2014 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witte, Russell S.

    IEEE TransacTIons on UlTrasonIcs, FErroElEcTrIcs, and FrEqUEncy conTrol, vol. 61, no. 3, March 2014420 0885­3010 © 2014 IEEE Simulation-Based Validation for Four- Dimensional Multi-Channel Ultrasound Current Source Density Imaging Zhaohui Wang, Member, IEEE, and russell s. Witte, Member, IEEE Abstract

  17. State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavsen, Arild; Jelle, Bjorn Petter; Arasteh, Dariush; Kohler, Christian

    2007-01-01

    This document reports the findings of a market and research review related to state-of-the-art highly insulating window frames. The market review focuses on window frames that satisfy the Passivhaus requirements (window U-value less or equal to 0.8 W/m{sup 2}K ), while other examples are also given in order to show the variety of materials and solutions that may be used for constructing window frames with a low thermal transmittance (U-value). The market search shows that several combinations of materials are used in order to obtain window frames with a low U-value. The most common insulating material seems to be Polyurethane (PUR), which is used together with most of the common structural materials such as wood, aluminum, and PVC. The frame research review also shows examples of window frames developed in order to increase the energy efficiency of the frames and the glazings which the frames are to be used together with. The authors find that two main tracks are used in searching for better solutions. The first one is to minimize the heat losses through the frame itself. The result is that conductive materials are replaced by highly thermal insulating materials and air cavities. The other option is to reduce the window frame area to a minimum, which is done by focusing on the net energy gain by the entire window (frame, spacer and glazing). Literature shows that a window with a higher U-value may give a net energy gain to a building that is higher than a window with a smaller U-value. The net energy gain is calculated by subtracting the transmission losses through the window from the solar energy passing through the windows. The net energy gain depends on frame versus glazing area, solar factor, solar irradiance, calculation period and U-value. The frame research review also discusses heat transfer modeling issues related to window frames. Thermal performance increasing measures, surface modeling, and frame cavity modeling are among the topics discussed. The review shows that the current knowledge gives the basis for improving the calculation procedures in the calculation standards. At the same time it is room for improvement within some areas, e.g. to fully understand the natural convection effects inside irregular vertical frame cavities (jambs) and ventilated frame cavities.

  18. From the New Ecological Paradigm to Total Liberation: The Emergence of a Social Movement Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellow, DN; Brehm, HN

    2015-01-01

    radical ecological movements and social justice movements ismany other social movements, social change organizations,Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and

  19. Performance of an LPD prototype detector at MHz frame rates under...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    at MHz frame rates under Synchrotron and FEL radiation Authors: Koch, Andreas ; Hart, Matthew ; Nicholls, Tim ; Angelsen, Christian ; Coughlan, John ; French, Marcus ;...

  20. Key Elements of and Materials Performance Targets for Highly Insulating Window Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsen, Arild

    2012-01-01

    can calculate radiation heat transfer using view factors orcould reduce radiation heat transfer in frame cavities. Wethe radiation portion of the surface heat transfer is

  1. State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsen, Arild

    2008-01-01

    to calculate the radiation heat transfer effects (Finlaysonfor frame cavity radiation heat transfer. Research has shownheat transfer for projecting fenestration products: Using Radiation

  2. Citizenship Porn within the Frame: Visualizing Techniques, Cyberspace, and the Production of “Undocumented”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moran, Erin

    2007-01-01

    Citizenship Porn within the Frame: Visualizing Techniques,pornographic fantasy that I call “citizenship porn”. Let mewhat I mean by “citizenship porn”; I will then raise several

  3. Method and architecture design for motion compensated frame interpolation in high-definition video processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yen-Lin

    2009-01-01

    7.3 Proposed Architecture Design for High Frame RateAnalysis and Efficient Architecture Design for VC-1 OverlapProposed Deblocking Filter Architecture and Implementation

  4. External Insulation of Masonry Walls and Wood Framed Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, P.

    2013-01-01

    The use of exterior insulation on a building is an accepted and effective means to increase the overall thermal resistance of the assembly that also has other advantages of improved water management and often increased air tightness of building assemblies. For thin layers of insulation (1" to 1 1/2"), the cladding can typically be attached directly through the insulation back to the structure. For thicker insulation layers, furring strips have been added as a cladding attachment location. This approach has been used in the past on numerous Building America test homes and communities (both new and retrofit applications), and has been proven to be an effective and durable means to provide cladding attachment. However, the lack of engineering data has been a problem for many designers, contractors, and code officials. This research project developed baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation on existing masonry and frame walls. Furthermore, water management details necessary to integrate windows, doors, decks, balconies and roofs were created to provide guidance on the integration of exterior insulation strategies with other enclosure elements.

  5. External Insulation of Masonry Walls and Wood Framed Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, P.

    2013-01-01

    The use of exterior insulation on a building is an accepted and effective means to increase the overall thermal resistance of the assembly that also has other advantages of improved water management and often increased air tightness of building assemblies. For thin layers of insulation (1” to 1 ½”), the cladding can typically be attached directly through the insulation back to the structure. For thicker insulation layers, furring strips have been added as a cladding attachment location. This approach has been used in the past on numerous Building America test homes and communities (both new and retrofit applications), and has been proven to be an effective and durable means to provide cladding attachment. However, the lack of engineering data has been a problem for many designers, contractors, and code officials. This research project developed baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation on existing masonry and frame walls. Furthermore, water management details necessary to integrate windows, doors, decks, balconies and roofs were created to provide guidance on the integration of exterior insulation strategies with other enclosure elements.

  6. Damage Assessment of a Three-Story Infilled RC Frame Subjected to Seismic Base Excitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hines, Eric

    1 Damage Assessment of a Three-Story Infilled RC Frame Subjected to Seismic Base Excitations Babak-NEES shake table to investigate the seismic performance of this type of construction. The frame was designed code provisions that do not meet current safety standards. They may also suffer from aging

  7. Comparison of Energy Needed to Heat Greenhouses and Insulated Frame Buildings Used in Aquaculture1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    initial cost. Building material costs for the structure can be as low as $1 per square foot, but plastic for this type of structure can be as low as $4 to $6 per square foot. Construction costs for wood or metal frameCIR1198 Comparison of Energy Needed to Heat Greenhouses and Insulated Frame Buildings Used

  8. VESSEL SEGMENTATION IN MEDICAL IMAGING USING A TIGHT-FRAME BASED ALGORITHM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Raymond

    VESSEL SEGMENTATION IN MEDICAL IMAGING USING A TIGHT-FRAME BASED ALGORITHM XIAOHAO CAI, RAYMOND vessels in magnetic resonance angiography images. Our method iteratively refines a region that encloses the potential boundary of the vessels. At each iteration, we apply the tight-frame algorithm to denoise

  9. Gun Policy, Opinion, Tragedy, and Blame Attribution: The Conditional Influence of Issue of Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haider-Markel, Donald P.; Joslyn, Mark R.

    2001-01-01

    attention has been given to highly salient issues, such as gun policy, and the potential effect of framing on causal attributions of blame for tragic events. This study expands the framing research to include opinion on policies concerning guns as well...

  10. DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN A STEEL FRAME USING HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTRO-MECHANICAL IMPEDANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ji

    411 DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN A STEEL FRAME USING HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTRO-MECHANICAL IMPEDANCE presents an experimental investigation of damage detection of a steel frame using electro damage in structures. Damages are introduced by completely loosening bolts over several locations

  11. Sensory transformations and the use of multiple reference frames for reach planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabes, Philip

    Sensory transformations and the use of multiple reference frames for reach planning Leah M M McGuire & Philip N Sabes The sensory signals that drive movement planning arrive in a variety of `reference frames the sensory signals available for reach planning were varied. These results challenge the widely held ideas

  12. Page 1 of 6 Frame Coding: T = Training Available W = Instruction / Web Link P = Policy / Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Page 1 of 6 Frame Coding: T = Training Available W = Instruction / Web Link P = Policy / Procedure within the University's web page section titled "Policy & Governance" and are part of the University://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/staff/policy/hr/Stafftravelsubsistenceandexpensespolicy/ W #12;Page 2 of 6 Frame Coding: T = Training Available W = Instruction / Web Link P = Policy

  13. A Tutorial on Multi-frame Computational Super-resolution using Statistical Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lübeck, Universität zu

    1 A Tutorial on Multi-frame Computational Super-resolution using Statistical Methods Alexandru Paul.e., multi-frame computational super-resolution). We start be describing the maximum likelihood (ML) solution about each wave). Here we concentrate on computational super-resolution, which includes methods

  14. SEISMIC PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR STEEL MOMENT FRAMES By Seung-Yul Yun1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    SEISMIC PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR STEEL MOMENT FRAMES By Seung-Yul Yun1 , Ronald O. Hamburger2 , C than existing buildings designed and built with older technologies. Key words: seismic behavior; seismic performance evaluation; performance-based design; earthquake engineering; steel moment frame

  15. Seismic data restoration via data-driven tight frame Jingwei Liang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoqun

    Seismic data restoration via data-driven tight frame Jingwei Liang1 , Jianwei Ma2 , and Xiaoqun Zhang3 ABSTRACT Restoration/interpolation of missing traces plays a crucial role in the seismic data regularization method for seismic data restoration. The main idea of the data-driven tight frame (TF

  16. BENDIX SYSTEMS DIVISION ANN ARIOR,MICH NO. ATM-Active Seismic Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    BENDIX SYSTEMS DIVISION ANN ARIOR,MICH NO. ATM- 444 REV.NO. Active Seismic Frame Synchronization SYSTEMS DIVISION ANN ARIOR,MICH NOATM- 444 Active Seismic Frame Synchronization PAGE 2 REV.NO. OF 5 seismic mode of operation, maintaining this high density of sync bits to data bits is not feasible

  17. Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Current Window Heat Transfer Design Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the total window heat transfer rates may be much larger. This effect is even greater in low on a literature review and an evaluation of current methods of modeling heat transfer through window frames, we evaluating heat transfer through the low-conductance frames. We conclude that the near-term priorities

  18. ECEEE 2011 SUMMER STUDY EnERgY EffiCiEnCY fiRST: ThE foUnDaTion of a low-CaRbon SoCiETY 2037 The significance of difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Mark

    ECEEE 2011 SUMMER STUDY · EnERgY EffiCiEnCY fiRST: ThE foUnDaTion of a low-CaRbon SoCiETY 2037 The significance of difference: Understanding variation in household energy consumption Janine Morley School@comp.lancs.ac.uk Keywords socio-technical, energy behaviour, interaction, consumption dynamics, demand patterns, domestic

  19. Metastable interwoven mesoporous metal-organic frame-Yabing He, Zhiyong Guo, Shengchang Xiang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Stephen

    on the metal ions and activation profiles. The most stable UTSA-28a-Cu exhibits high gas storage for their fascinating structures but more importantly for their diverse applica- tions in gas storage and separation, catalysis, sensing and drug delivery. 1,2 The establishment

  20. The impact of cine EPID image acquisition frame rate on markerless soft-tissue tracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, Stephen Rottmann, Joerg; Berbeco, Ross

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Although reduction of the cine electronic portal imaging device (EPID) acquisition frame rate through multiple frame averaging may reduce hardware memory burden and decrease image noise, it can hinder the continuity of soft-tissue motion leading to poor autotracking results. The impact of motion blurring and image noise on the tracking performance was investigated. Methods: Phantom and patient images were acquired at a frame rate of 12.87 Hz with an amorphous silicon portal imager (AS1000, Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). The maximum frame rate of 12.87 Hz is imposed by the EPID. Low frame rate images were obtained by continuous frame averaging. A previously validated tracking algorithm was employed for autotracking. The difference between the programmed and autotracked positions of a Las Vegas phantom moving in the superior-inferior direction defined the tracking error (?). Motion blurring was assessed by measuring the area change of the circle with the greatest depth. Additionally, lung tumors on 1747 frames acquired at 11 field angles from four radiotherapy patients are manually and automatically tracked with varying frame averaging. ? was defined by the position difference of the two tracking methods. Image noise was defined as the standard deviation of the background intensity. Motion blurring and image noise are correlated with ? using Pearson correlation coefficient (R). Results: For both phantom and patient studies, the autotracking errors increased at frame rates lower than 4.29 Hz. Above 4.29 Hz, changes in errors were negligible with? < 1.60 mm. Motion blurring and image noise were observed to increase and decrease with frame averaging, respectively. Motion blurring and tracking errors were significantly correlated for the phantom (R = 0.94) and patient studies (R = 0.72). Moderate to poor correlation was found between image noise and tracking error with R ?0.58 and ?0.19 for both studies, respectively. Conclusions: Cine EPID image acquisition at the frame rate of at least 4.29 Hz is recommended. Motion blurring in the images with frame rates below 4.29 Hz can significantly reduce the accuracy of autotracking.

  1. Absence of a local rest frame in far from equilibrium quantum matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Arnold; Paul Romatschke; Wilke van der Schee

    2014-10-21

    In a collision of strongly coupled quantum matter we find that the dynamics of the collision produces regions where a local rest frame cannot be defined because the energy-momentum tensor does not have a real time-like eigenvector. This effect is purely quantum mechanical, since for classical systems, a local rest frame can always be defined. We study the relation with the null and weak energy condition, which are violated in even larger regions, and compare with previously known examples. While no pathologies or instabilities arise, it is interesting that regions without a rest frame are possibly present in heavy ion collisions.

  2. Introducing Abuse Frames for Analysing Security Requirements Luncheng Lin Bashar Nuseibeh Darrel Ince Michael Jackson Jonathan Moffett

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuseibeh, Bashar

    a focus for early security threat analysis. Traditional information security development methods haveIntroducing Abuse Frames for Analysing Security Requirements Luncheng Lin Bashar Nuseibeh Darrel using Jackson's Problem Frames to analyse security problems in order to determine security

  3. A Possible Approach to Inclusion of Space and Time in Frame Fields of Quantum Representations of Real and Complex Numbers

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Benioff, Paul

    2009-01-01

    This work is based on the field of reference frames based on quantum representations of real and complex numbers described in other work. Here frame domains are expanded to include space and time lattices. Strings of qukits are described as hybrid systems as they are both mathematical and physical systems. As mathematical systems they represent numbers. As physical systems in each frame the strings have a discrete Schrodinger dynamics on the lattices. The frame field has an iterative structure such that the contents of a stagejframe have images in a stagej-1(parent) frame. A discussion of parent frame images includes themore »proposal that points of stagejframe lattices have images as hybrid systems in parent frames. The resulting association of energy with images of lattice point locations, as hybrid systems states, is discussed. Representations and images of other physical systems in the different frames are also described.« less

  4. Using reference frames and the Global Positioning System (GPS) to produce control networks for spatial data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naismith, James Mozeney

    1998-01-01

    for setting base control points that cover very large areas. Data obtained from the International GPS Service for Geodynamics (IGS) is used in conjunction with the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) to establish control points anywhere...

  5. Investigation of manufacturing techniques and prototyping of the Smartcities Citycar frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Arin S

    2011-01-01

    A study was performed to analyze different methods of manufacturing a full scale car frame for the Smart Cities Citycar, a folding electric vehicle being designed at the MIT Media Lab, as well as a half-scale prototype for ...

  6. Examining the Variability of Wind Power Output in the Regulation Time Frame: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodge, B. M.; Shedd, S.; Florita, A.

    2012-08-01

    This work examines the distribution of changes in wind power for different time scales in the regulation time frame as well as the correlation of changes in power output for individual wind turbines in a wind plant.

  7. Quadrature Rotating-Frame Gradient Fields for Ultra-Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouchard, Louis-Serge

    2005-01-01

    Frame Gradient Fields For Ultra-Low Field Nuclear Magneticslow, as in the limit of ultra-low ?elds. In the ?rst case,B. Slice selection in ultra-low ?elds We ?rst examine the

  8. Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowan, B.

    2010-01-01

    Laser wake?eld simulation using a speed-of-light frameAbstract. Simulation of laser wake?eld accelerator (LWFA)extend hundreds of laser wave- lengths transversely and many

  9. Rhetorical Response to the Homeless Movement: Adopting Discursive Units in Counter-Frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathe, Kristin S.

    2010-07-14

    the causes of homelessness and characterize homeless people. I identify both the policy opportunities and limits created by the way interest groups talk about homelessness by weaving together framing theory with analysis of discursive units employed...

  10. On the relation of Thomas rotation and angular velocity of reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Matolcsi; M. Matolcsi; T. Tasnádi

    2006-11-19

    In the extensive literature dealing with the relativistic phenomenon of Thomas rotation several methods have been developed for calculating the Thomas rotation angle of a gyroscope along a circular world line. One of the most appealing concepts, introduced in \\cite{rindler}, is to consider a rotating reference frame co-moving with the gyroscope, and relate the precession of the gyroscope to the angular velocity of the reference frame. A recent paper \\cite{herrera}, however, applies this principle to three different co-moving rotating reference frames and arrives at three different Thomas rotation angles. The reason for this apparent paradox is that the principle of \\cite{rindler} is used for a situation to which it does not apply. In this paper we rigorously examine the theoretical background and limitations of applicability of the principle of \\cite{rindler}. Along the way we also establish some general properties of {\\it rotating reference frames}, which may be of independent interest.

  11. Converting Hybrid Wire-frames to B-rep Models Jie-Hui Gong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Converting Hybrid Wire-frames to B-rep Models Jie-Hui Gong Dept. of Comp. Sci. and Technol of curved surfaces [Liu et al. 2001; Gong et al. 2006b]. The CSG oriented approach, however, is generally

  12. Shaking Table Tests on Deficient RC Frames Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaking Table Tests on Deficient RC Frames Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned Metal Straps Dr Strengthened with FRPs and Pos-Tensioned Metal Straps Dr Iman Hajirasouliha Lecturer, Department of Civil

  13. Analytical Modeling of Wood Frame Shear Walls Subjected to Vertical Load 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyendinh, Hai

    2011-08-08

    A nonlinear automated parameter fitted analytical model that numerically predicts the load-displacement response of wood frame shear walls subjected to static monotonic loading with and without vertical load is presented. This analytical model...

  14. FULL ELECTROMAGNETIC FEL SIMULATION VIA THE LORENTZ-BOOSTED FRAME TRANSFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fawley, William

    2010-01-01

    FULL ELECTROMAGNETIC FEL SIMULATION VIA THE LORENTZ-BOOSTEDrest frame), the red-shifted FEL radiation and blue-shiftedper- mit direct study of FEL problems for which the eikonal

  15. Thermal properties of structural details in wood frame homes : analysis and recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graybeal, Alexander Kung

    2010-01-01

    The wood platform frame home is the dominant design in the United States when it comes to single family housing. Introduced during the mid-nineteenth century, the scheme is a cheap, fast, and proven design that takes ...

  16. The Behaviour of Multi-storey Composite Steel Framed Structures in Response to Compartment Fires 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamont, Susan

    For many years, the ability of highly redundant composite framed structure to resist the effect of a fire have been undervalued and misunderstood. A great deal of work on the behavior of composite steel-concrete structures ...

  17. The design of a frame for an all terrain, lever propelled wheelchair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, John Michael

    2011-01-01

    This thesis outlines the process of designing a frame for the Leveraged Freedom Chair (LFC) Prime, an all-terrain levered powered wheelchair designed to improve the mobility of disabled individuals. This design allows for ...

  18. Time history analysis of axial forces (Pass Through Forces) at joints in a braced frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paschini, Vincent

    2012-01-01

    As buildings keep getting taller, traditional braced lateral systems take more loads. This generates a phenomenon at every joint of a frame called "Pass Through Force". Pass through forces come from the transfer of axial ...

  19. Experimental and Numerical Examination of the Thermal Transmittance of High Performance Window Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsen Ph.D., Arild

    2010-01-01

    windows are often called passive -house wind ows, as windowse window frames, like passive-house windows. In this p aperare supposed to satisfy the Passive house requirements of

  20. Anomalous Flyby in the Non-Prefered Reference Frame of the Rotating Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Petry

    2011-09-27

    Several spacecrafts show an anomalous flyby. In a previous paper a non-prefered reference frame is studied moving uniformly relative to the prefered one. In this article the Doppler frequency residual is derived. The prefered reference frame is given by the isotropy of the CMB and the non-prefered one is the Earth. The resulting jump is much too small to explain the measured anomalous flybys of the different spacecrafts. Therefore, the transformations from the prefered frame to the non-prefered frame are replaced by the corresponding total differentials. A formula for the Doppler frequency residual is derived. It is applied to the prefered frame of the Earth and the non-prefered frame of the rotating Earth. The resulting Doppler residual depends on the direction of the velocity of the spacecraft and the position of the observer on the rotating Earth. It is similar to the experimental formula of Anderson et al. which is independent of the position of the observer.

  1. Key Elements of and Materials Performance Targets for Highly Insulating Window Frames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavsen, Arild; Grynning, Steinar; Arasteh, Dariush; Jelle, Bjorn Petter; Goudey, Howdy

    2011-03-28

    The thermal performance of windows is important for energy efficient buildings. Windows typically account for about 30-50 percent of the transmission losses though the building envelope, even if their area fraction of the envelope is far less. The reason for this can be found by comparing the thermal transmittance (U-factor) of windows to the U-factor of their opaque counterparts (wall, roof and floor constructions). In well insulated buildings the U-factor of walls, roofs an floors can be between 0.1-0.2 W/(m2K). The best windows have U-values of about 0.7-1.0. It is therefore obvious that the U-factor of windows needs to be reduced, even though looking at the whole energy balance for windows (i.e. solar gains minus transmission losses) makes the picture more complex.In high performance windows the frame design and material use is of utmost importance, as the frame performance is usually the limiting factor for reducing the total window U-factor further. This paper describes simulation studies analyzing the effects on frame and edge-of-glass U-factors of different surface emissivities as well as frame material and spacer conductivities. The goal of this work is to define materials research targets for window frame components that will result in better frame thermal performance than is exhibited by the best products available on the market today.

  2. Applying compressive sensing to TEM video: A substantial frame rate increase on any camera

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stevens, Andrew; Kovarik, Libor; Abellan, Patricia; Yuan, Xin; Carin, Lawrence; Browning, Nigel D.

    2015-08-13

    One of the main limitations of imaging at high spatial and temporal resolution during in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments is the frame rate of the camera being used to image the dynamic process. While the recent development of direct detectors has provided the hardware to achieve frame rates approaching 0.1 ms, the cameras are expensive and must replace existing detectors. In this paper, we examine the use of coded aperture compressive sensing (CS) methods to increase the frame rate of any camera with simple, low-cost hardware modifications. The coded aperture approach allows multiple sub-frames to be coded and integratedmore »into a single camera frame during the acquisition process, and then extracted upon readout using statistical CS inversion. Here we describe the background of CS and statistical methods in depth and simulate the frame rates and efficiencies for in-situ TEM experiments. Depending on the resolution and signal/noise of the image, it should be possible to increase the speed of any camera by more than an order of magnitude using this approach.« less

  3. Validating Oscillations and Delayed Auditory Responses as Translational Biomarkers of Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    Validating Oscillations and Delayed Auditory Responses as Translational Biomarkers of Autism) has hindered pathophysiological investiga- tion and treatment development for autism spectrum be more directly related to the abnormal neural dynamics of autism spectrum disorders. This study assessed

  4. Effective conductivity of composites containing spheroidal inclusions: Comparison of simulations with theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torquato, Salvatore

    -fiber composites,anisotropic sandstones,certain laminates,and cracked media. Data for a, are obtained for prolate-fiber composites,anisotropic sandstones,lami- nates,and cracked media. Virtually all previous investiga- tions have

  5. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2009, v. 79, 486494 Research Article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Mark

    -mail: mark.wilkinson@ed.ac.uk ABSTRACT: Geochemical models of CO2 injection into reservoir sandstones often from simulations can be tested by investiga- tion of natural CO2 occurrences in sandstones or carbonate

  6. Concepts Associated with Transferring Temporal and Spatial Boundary Conditions between Modules in the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whelan, Gene; Castleton, Karl J.; Pelton, Mitch A.

    2006-10-03

    This document describes concepts associated with transferring temporal and spatial boundary conditions between modules in FRAMES and how FRAMES might consider dynamic feedback.

  7. Walén test and de Hoffmann-Teller frame of interplanetary large-amplitude Alfvén waves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chao, J. K.; Hsieh, Wen-Chieh; Lee, L. C. [Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Jhongli 320, Taiwan (China); Yang, L., E-mail: jkchaous@gmail.com [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)

    2014-05-10

    In this study, three methods of analysis are compared to test the Walén relation. Method 1 requires a good de Hoffmann-Teller (HT) frame. Method 2 uses three components separately to find the frame that is slightly modified from Method 1. This method is intended to improve the accuracy of the HT frame and able to demonstrate the anisotropic property of the fluctuations. The better the relation is, the closer the slope of a regression fitting the data of plasma versus Alfvén velocities is to 1. However, this criterion is based on an average HT frame, and the fitted slope does not always work for the Walén test because the HT frame can change so fast in the high-speed streams. We propose Method 3 to check the Walén relation using a sequence of data generated by taking the difference of two consecutive values of plasma and Alfvén velocities, respectively. The difference data are independent of the HT frame. We suggest that the ratio of the variances between plasma and Alfvén velocities is a better parameter to qualify the Walén relation. Four cases in two solar wind streams are studied using these three methods. Our results show that when the solar wind HT frame remains stable, all three methods can predict Alfvénic fluctuations well, but Method 3 can better predict the Walén relation when solar wind contains structures with several small streams. A simulated case also demonstrates that Method 3 is better and more robust than Methods 1 and 2. These results are important for a better understanding of Alfvénic fluctuations and turbulence in the solar wind.

  8. Frame Indifferent Formulation of Maxwell's Elastic Fluid and the Rational Continuum Mechanics of the Electromagnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christo I. Christov

    2011-03-06

    We show that the linearized equations of the incompressible elastic medium admit a `Maxwell form' in which the shear component of the stress vector plays the role of the electric field, and the vorticity plays the role of the magnetic field. Conversely, the set of dynamic Maxwell equations are strict mathematical corollaries from the governing equations of the incompressible elastic medium. This suggests that the nature of `electromagnetic field' may actually be related to an elastic continuous medium. The analogy is complete if the medium is assumed to behave as fluid in shear motions, while it may still behave as elastic solid under compressional motions. Then the governing equations of the elastic fluid are re-derived in the Eulerian frame by replacing the partial time derivatives by the properly invariant (frame indifferent) time rates. The `Maxwell from' of the frame indifferent formulation gives the frame indifferent system that is to replace the Maxwell system. This new system comprises terms already present in the classical Maxwell equations, alongside terms that are the progenitors of the Biot--Savart, Oersted--Ampere's, and Lorentz--force laws. Thus a frame indifferent (truly covariant) formulation of electromagnetism is achieved from a single postulate that the electromagnetic field is a kind of elastic (partly liquid partly solid) continuum.

  9. Thermal Impact of Fasteners in High-Performance Wood-Framed Walls: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, D.

    2011-01-01

    Buildings are heavy consumers of energy, and residential building design is rapidly addressing topics to maximize energy conservation en route to net-zero energy consumption. Annual energy analysis of a building informs the choice among disparate energy measures, for cost, durability, occupant comfort, and whole-house energy use. Physics-based and empirical models of elements of a building are used in such analyses. High-performance wood-framed walls enable builders to construct homes that use much less than 40% of the energy consumed by similar homes built to minimum code. Modeling for these walls has considered physical features such as framing factor, insulation and framing properties, roughness and convective effects, and air leakage. The thermal effects of fasteners used to construct these walls have not been fully evaluated, even though their thermal conductivity is orders of magnitudes higher than that of other building materials. Drywall screws and siding nails are considered in this finite element thermal conductivity analysis of wall sections that represent wood-framed walls that are often used in high-performance homes. Nails and screws reduce even the best walls' insulating performance by approximately 3% and become increasingly significant as the framing factor increases.

  10. Comparison of the Window-Frame RHIC-abort kicker with C-type Kicker

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsoupas, N.; Hahn, H.; Meng, W.; Severance, Michael; McMahan, Brandon

    2014-08-26

    The high intensity proton bunches (~2.5x1011 p/bunch ) circulating in RHIC increase the temperature of the ferrite-made RHIC-abort-kickers above the Curie point; as a result, the kickers cannot provide the required field to abort the beam at the beam dump. A team of experts in the CAD department worked on modifying the design of the window-frame RHIC-abort kicker to minimize the hysteresis losses responsible for the increase of the ferrite’s temperature. In this technical note we report some results from the study of two possible modifications of the window-frame RHIC-abort kicker, and we compare these results with those of a propose C-type RHIC-abort kicker. We also include an Appendix where we describe a method which may further reduce the hysteresis losses of the window-frame kicker.

  11. Dissipation in a rotating frame: Master equation, effective temperature, and Lamb shift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verso, Alvise; Ankerhold, Joachim

    2010-02-15

    Motivated by recent realizations of microwave-driven nonlinear resonators in superconducting circuits, the impact of environmental degrees of freedom is analyzed as seen from a rotating frame. A system plus reservoir model is applied to consistently derive in the weak coupling limit the master equation for the reduced density in the moving frame and near the first bifurcation threshold. The concept of an effective temperature is introduced to analyze to what extent a detailed balance relation exists. Explicit expressions are also found for the Lamb-shift. Results for ohmic baths are in agreement with experimental findings, while for structured environments population inversion is predicted that may qualitatively explain recent observations.

  12. Particle rapidity distribution in proton-nucleus collisions using the proton-contributor reference frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gines Martinez-Garcia

    2014-08-14

    I define the proton-contributor reference frame in proton nucleus (p--A) collisions as the center of mass of the system formed by the proton and the participant nucleons of the nucleus. Assuming that the rapidity distribution of produced particles is symmetric in the proton-contributor reference frame, several measurements in p-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}} = 5.02 {\\rm TeV}$ can be described qualitatively. These include rapidity distributions of charged particles, $J/\\psi$ and Z bosons.

  13. Rotating-frame gradient fields for magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance in low fields

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bouchard, Louis-Serge; Pines, Alexander; Demas, Vasiliki

    2014-01-21

    A system and method for Fourier encoding a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signal is disclosed. A static magnetic field B.sub.0 is provided along a first direction. An NMR signal from the sample is Fourier encoded by applying a rotating-frame gradient field B.sub.G superimposed on the B.sub.0, where the B.sub.G comprises a vector component rotating in a plane perpendicular to the first direction at an angular frequency .omega.in a laboratory frame. The Fourier-encoded NMR signal is detected.

  14. UTICA 4, NEW YORK COFIPOR~TION

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1afr aDOI:c-12-19' %

  15. Effects of hyperbolic rotation in Minkowski space on the modeling of plasma accelerators in a Lorentz boosted frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    space resulting from the use of Lorentz boosted frames of calculation on laser propagation in plasmas in the plasma column in space-tim

  16. Building America Webinar: High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part I: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the February 12, 2015, Building America webinar, High-Performance Enclosure Strategies, Part I: Unvented Roof Systems and Innovative Advanced Framing Strategies.

  17. PERFORMANCE-BASED PLASTIC DESIGN METHOD FOR BUCKLING-RESTRAINED BRACED FRAMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Shih-Ho

    depends on the natural period of the structure, the modal properties, and the intended plastic drift ratioPERFORMANCE-BASED PLASTIC DESIGN METHOD FOR BUCKLING- RESTRAINED BRACED FRAMES D. R. Sahoo1 and S) by using the performance-based plastic design (PBPD) methodology. This method is based on energy

  18. The Impact of Transmit Buffer on EDCF with Frame-Bursting Option for Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selvadurai, Selvakennedy

    a single contention, an optional feature known as controlled frame- bursting (CFB) is introduced in its with the CFB option to quantify its performance gain. The impact of the MAC transmit buffer size is also duration limit. It is demonstrated that an optimized CFB configuration allows the MAC protocol to achieve

  19. Frame-Scheduling for Input-Queued Switches with Energy Reconfiguration Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frame-Scheduling for Input-Queued Switches with Energy Reconfiguration Costs Andrea Bianco, Paolo problems, mainly due to thermal issues that require complex cooling systems and to increasing energy costs scheduler determines a switching fabric configuration to transfer packets. We consider the energy

  20. Aalborg Universitet Control of parallel-connected bidirectional AC-DC converters in stationary frame for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerekes, Tamas

    frame for microgrid application Lu, Xiaonan; Guerrero, Josep M.; Teodorescu, Remus; Kerekes, Tamas; Sun, Kai; Huang , Lipei Published in: Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition for published version (APA): Lu, X., Guerrero, J. M., Teodorescu, R., Kerekes, T., Sun, K., & Huang , L. (2011

  1. A Standard Reference Frame for the Description of Nucleic Acid Base-pair Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    uncertainties in this data set closely match numerical values reported in the recent survey of nucleic acid baseA Standard Reference Frame for the Description of Nucleic Acid Base-pair Geometry These preliminary (Rockefeller University), Richard E. Dickerson (University of California, Los Angeles), Mark Gerstein (Yale

  2. A Dynamic Frame Sizing Algorithm for CICQ Switches with 100% Throughput

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng-Shang

    A Dynamic Frame Sizing Algorithm for CICQ Switches with 100% Throughput Cheng-Shang Chang, Yu@ee.nthu.edu.tw lds@cs.nthu.edu.tw Abstract--A Combined Input and Crosspoint Queueing (CICQ) switch is a switch that has both buffers at the crosspoints of the switch fabric and buffers at the inputs. Inspired

  3. Frame-based Matching Algorithms for Optical Switches Yihan Li, Shivendra Panwar and H. Jonathan Chao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panwar, Shivendra S.

    Frame-based Matching Algorithms for Optical Switches Yihan Li, Shivendra Panwar and H. Jonathan used by fixed- length high-speed electronic switches to overcome head-of-line blocking. This is done, in every time slot, a new matching set is calculated and the switch fabric is updated to connect matched

  4. Contamination models in the R package simFrame for statistical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filzmoser, Peter

    Contamination models in the R package simFrame for statistical simulation A. Alfons1 , M. Templ1 emphasis on applications in robust statistics. Contamination is thereby modeled as a two-step process. Furthermore, the existing framework may be extended with user-defined contamination models. 1 Introduction

  5. Why Gabor Frames? Two Fundamental Measures of Coherence and Their Role in Model Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bajwa, Waheed U.

    on Information Theory, Austin, TX, June 2010. WUB is with the Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics1 Why Gabor Frames? Two Fundamental Measures of Coherence and Their Role in Model Selection Waheed and introduces two fundamental measures of coherence--termed as the worst-case coherence and the average

  6. Spin Path Integral And Quantum Mechanics In Rotating Reference of Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong Chern; Wu Ning; Yu Yue

    2011-04-13

    We developed a path integral formalism for the quantum mechanics in a rotating reference of frame, and proposed a spin path integral description for the spin degrees of freedom in it. We have also give some examples for the applications of our foramlism.

  7. The Discrete Frenet Frame, Inflection Point Solitons And Curve Visualization with Applications to Folded Proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuangwei Hu; Martin Lundgren; Antti J. Niemi

    2011-02-28

    We develop a transfer matrix formalism to visualize the framing of discrete piecewise linear curves in three dimensional space. Our approach is based on the concept of an intrinsically discrete curve, which enables us to more effectively describe curves that in the limit where the length of line segments vanishes approach fractal structures in lieu of continuous curves. We verify that in the case of differentiable curves the continuum limit of our discrete equation does reproduce the generalized Frenet equation. As an application we consider folded proteins, their Hausdorff dimension is known to be fractal. We explain how to employ the orientation of $C_\\beta$ carbons of amino acids along a protein backbone to introduce a preferred framing along the backbone. By analyzing the experimentally resolved fold geometries in the Protein Data Bank we observe that this $C_\\beta$ framing relates intimately to the discrete Frenet framing. We also explain how inflection points can be located in the loops, and clarify their distinctive r\\^ole in determining the loop structure of foldel proteins.

  8. SHORT/LONG-TERM MOTION VECTOR PREDICTION IN MULTI-FRAME VIDEO CODING SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Pao-Chi

    -frame motion estimation extends the spatial displacement vector utilized in the block-matching video coding bit-rate. To control the bit-rate budget, the rate-distortion model is usually utilized in the motion-Hsu Lee, and Pao-Chi Chang Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Taiwan, R

  9. Key Frame Selection Algorithms for Automatic Generation of Panoramic Images from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    acquire and fuse various sensor data (e.g., geospatial metadata) together with video to create sensor, and possibly even on-demand. Our experimental results demonstrate that by using geospatial metadata qual- ity. Key words:Geo-tagged videos, crowdsourcing, key frame selection, geospa- tial metadata

  10. Global P-Delta effects in seismic demand evaluation of vibration controlled steel frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendse, Jaydeep Dilip

    2001-01-01

    The goal of the research was to investigate the effect of global P-Delta on the seismic response of structures. A SAC II three story structure and a reduced order portal frame were the focus of study. The motivation to carry out the research...

  11. Inversion of the noisy Radon transform on SO(3) by Gabor frames and sparse recovery principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschke, Gerd

    Inversion of the noisy Radon transform on SO(3) by Gabor frames and sparse recovery principles-dimensional Radon transform on the rotation group SO(3) is an ill-posed inverse problem that can be applied to X to stably approximate the inverse of the noisy Radon transform on SO(3). The proposed approach is composed

  12. Frame-rate Robust Stereo on a PCI Board John Woodfill Brian Von Herzen Ramin Zabih

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, David

    Frame-rate Robust Stereo on a PCI Board John Woodfill Brian Von Herzen Ramin Zabih woodfill on a reconfigurable computer built from programmable logic on a standard PCI card. The resulting system computes 32 PCI board called the PARTS engine [14]. The PARTS engine contains Field Programmable Gate Arrays

  13. The Euler equations in fluid mechanics relative to a rotating-translating reference frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridges, Tom

    velocity and space velocity is X = Q(x + d) + Q x + q . (1.1) Define the body angular velocity by = QT Q is such that r = × r , for any r R3 , := 1 2 3 . The body angular velocity is to be contrasted with the spatial angular velocity ­ the angular velocity viewed from the spatial frame ­ which is spatial := QQT

  14. Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for MTS Single Acting Frame With UniTest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    behind the load frame). · Press the START button on the Hydraulic Power Supply (HPS) Power Panel. #12 POINTS WITHOUT FIRST DE-ENERGIZING THE HYDRAULIC POWER SUPPLY AND ENGAGING EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON. WARNING: ALWAYS DE-ENERGIZE THE HYDRAULIC POWER SUPPLY AND ENGAGE EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON BEFORE INSTALLING

  15. 7/26/02 /home/lml/frame/hardware/EWGMaintenance.fm EWG Maintenance/Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    7/26/02 /home/lml/frame/hardware/EWGMaintenance.fm EWG Maintenance/Operation Transporting the EWG. The State of Idaho does not require a license for this trailer. Engine/Hydraulic Maintenance/Operation 1 when operating EWG. EWG Maintenance/Operation 1. Prior to each day's operation, grease hydraulic arm

  16. A Reference-Frame for Installing the Student's Computer to Access a Virtual Medicine University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the setup - system and the reference-frame. Services concerning the management of the student' computer management (especially confidential issues), its installation and its testing have been enlightened. Those. De plus, ce référentiel est très utile pour un administrateur de site universitaire ou hospitalier

  17. Pedestrian Detection for Driving Assistance Systems: Single-frame Classification and System Level Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shashua, Amnon

    Pedestrian Detection for Driving Assistance Systems: Single-frame Classification and System Level breakdown of a monocular pedestrian detection system. We describe in detail our approach for single describes a monocular visual processing sys- tem for pedestrian detection targeting the niche of driving

  18. Framing the Conversation: The Role of Facebook Conversations in Shopping for Eyeglasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Shaun K.

    Framing the Conversation: The Role of Facebook Conversations in Shopping for Eyeglasses Karim Said Warby Parker's Facebook page and explore the ways customers formulate questions and conversations,000 Facebook posts, consisting of photos, comments, and "likes". Using statistical analyses and qualitative

  19. Feature-Independent Action Spotting Without Human Localization, Segmentation or Frame-wise Tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foroosh, Hassan

    Feature-Independent Action Spotting Without Human Localization, Segmentation or Frame-wise Tracking Chuan Sun, Marshall Tappen, Hassan Foroosh Department of EECS, Division of Computer Science, University solution requires no human localization, segmentation, or framewise tracking. This is achieved by treating

  20. Saha Equation in an Uniformly Accelerated Reference Frame and Some of Its Physical Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchari De; Somenath Chakrabarty

    2014-12-06

    The Saha equations for the photo-ionization of hydrogen atoms and the electron positron pair production at high temperature are obtained in a reference frame undergoing a uniform accelerated motion in an otherwise flat Minkowski space-time geometry. Some of the physical implications of our findings are discussed.

  1. Cost-effective Printing of 3D Objects with Skin-Frame Structures Weiming Wang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Jiansong

    ; Keywords: 3D printing, fabrication, frame structure, sparsity op- timization Corresponding author: yangzw@ustc.edu.cn (Zhouwang Yang) 1 Introduction Additive manufacturing (3D printing) enables fabrication of physi- cal techniques of 3D printing has received considerable attention for assisting users to generate desired

  2. SemLink 1.2 PropBank VerbNet FrameNet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Martha

    -arg="0" vn-theta="Agent" /> Theme" /> Theme fnrole='Theme' vnrole='Theme'/> Wsj Instances Verbs in WSJ annotated with Prop_id) (sentence number) (token number) (standard) (verb-v) (VerbNet class) (Framenet Frame) (PB grouping) (SI

  3. ITRS 2.0: Toward a Re-Framing of the Semiconductor Technology Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahng, Andrew B.

    ITRS 2.0: Toward a Re-Framing of the Semiconductor Technology Roadmap Juan-Antonio Carballo3, Wei@ucsd.edu Abstract--The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconduc- tors (ITRS) has roadmapped technology requirements of the semiconductor industry over the past two decades. The roadmap identifies major challenges

  4. Inter-frame dependent rate and distortion models for statistical multiplexing of video programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Inter-frame dependent rate and distortion models for statistical multiplexing of video programs@lss.supelec.fr Abstract--Statistical multiplexing (SM) is a useful technique for transmitting multiple video streams over of efficient SM algorithms is based on Rate and Distortion (R-D) information extracted from successive encoded

  5. Seismic Screening, Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Design Provisions for Wood-Framed Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rakesh

    Seismic Screening, Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Design Provisions for Wood-Framed Structures Preston Baxter, M.ASCE1 ; Thomas H. Miller, M.ASCE2 ; and Rakesh Gupta, M.ASCE3 Abstract: Seismic Database subject headings: Seismic analysis; Seismic design; Wood structures; Shear walls; Diaphragms

  6. Moving magnetic cloud -1Moving magnetic cloud -1 "Double change of frame" calculation...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hörandel, Jörg R.

    #12;19 Moving magnetic cloud - 1Moving magnetic cloud - 1 "Double change of frame" calculation... #12;eb. 2005 -- Cosmic-rays & Particle Acceleration -- E. Parizot (IPN Orsay) 21 Moving magnetic cloud - 2Moving magnetic cloud - 2 #12;Karlsruhe, 23-25 Feb. 2005 -- Cosmic-rays & Particle Acceleration

  7. Legal Framing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leachman, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    L. S. (2005). Social movements and social-change litigation:on the Social Movement and Social Change The argumentativeM. W. (2006). Law and social movements. In M. W. McCann (

  8. Legal Framing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leachman, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    actors use legal language to further their political andon the political climate. Movement actors do not invokeactors’ strategic discourse – their perceptions of what constitutes effective political

  9. Legal Framing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leachman, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    their relative impact on social movement participation,have a signi?cant impact on social movements because itThe impact of transnational protest on social movement

  10. Moving Frames in Quantum Mechanics Many-body systems may have a ground state that breaks spontaneously a symmetry. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurchan, Jorge

    Heisenberg model in a finite lattice: the system orients in some direction, but, since the size is finite frame to the particle system. In order to solve this problem, together with my Thesis advisor D. Bes1 Moving Frames in Quantum Mechanics Many-body systems may have a ground state that breaks

  11. Digital Instrumentation and Control Failure Events Derivation and Analysis by Frame-Based Technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hui-Wen Huang; Chunkuan Shih [National Tsing Hua University, 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China); Swu Yih [DML International, 18F-1 295, Section 2 Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Yen-Chang Tzeng; Ming-Huei Chen [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, No. 1000, Wunhua Rd., Jiaan Village, Longtan Township, Taoyuan County 32546, Taiwan (China)

    2006-07-01

    A frame-based technique, including physical frame, logical frame, and cognitive frame, was adopted to perform digital I and C failure events derivation and analysis for generic ABWR. The physical frame was structured with a modified PCTran-ABWR plant simulation code, which was extended and enhanced on the feedwater system, recirculation system, and steam line system. The logical model is structured with MATLAB, which was incorporated into PCTran-ABWR to improve the pressure control system, feedwater control system, recirculation control system, and automated power regulation control system. As a result, the software failure of these digital control systems can be properly simulated and analyzed. The cognitive frame was simulated by the operator awareness status in the scenarios. Moreover, via an internal characteristics tuning technique, the modified PCTran-ABWR can precisely reflect the characteristics of the power-core flow. Hence, in addition to the transient plots, the analysis results can then be demonstrated on the power-core flow map. A number of postulated I and C system software failure events were derived to achieve the dynamic analyses. The basis for event derivation includes the published classification for software anomalies, the digital I and C design data for ABWR, chapter 15 accident analysis of generic SAR, and the reported NPP I and C software failure events. The case study of this research includes (1) the software CMF analysis for the major digital control systems; and (2) postulated ABWR digital I and C software failure events derivation from the actual happening of non-ABWR digital I and C software failure events, which were reported to LER of USNRC or IRS of IAEA. These events were analyzed by PCTran-ABWR. Conflicts among plant status, computer status, and human cognitive status are successfully identified. The operator might not easily recognize the abnormal condition, because the computer status seems to progress normally. However, a well trained operator can become aware of the abnormal condition with the inconsistent physical parameters; and then can take early corrective actions to avoid the system hazard. This paper also discusses the advantage of Simulation-based method, which can investigate more in-depth dynamic behavior of digital I and C system than other approaches. Some unanticipated interactions can be observed by this method. (authors)

  12. Ultrafast gated intensifier design for laser fusion x-ray framing applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, R.H.; Wiedwald, J.D.; Kalibjian, R.; Thomas, S.W.; Cook, W.M.

    1983-11-01

    A major challenge for laser fusion is the study of the symmetry and the hydrodynamic stability of imploding fuel capsules. Streaked x-radiography, in one space and one time dimension, does not provide sufficient information. Two (spatial) dimensional frames of 10 to 100 ps duration are required with good image quality, minimum geometrical distortion (approximately 1%), dynamic range greater than 1000 and greater than 200 x 200 pixels. A gated transmission line imager (TLI) can meet these requirements with frame times between 30 and 100 ps. An instrument of this type is now being developed. Progress on this instrument including theory of operation, ultrafast pulse generation and propagation, component integration, and high resolution phosphor screen development are presented.

  13. Transfer of Spatial Reference Frame Using Singlet States and Classical Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas B. Bahder

    2014-08-27

    A simple protocol is described for transferring spatial direction from Alice to Bob (two spatially separated observers) up to inversion. The two observers are assumed to share quantum singlet states and classical communication. The protocol assumes that Alice and Bob have complete free will (measurement independence) and is based on maximizing the Shannon mutual information between Alice and Bob's measurement outcomes. Repeated use of this protocol for each spatial axis of Alice allows transfer of a complete 3-dimensional reference frame, up to inversion of each of the axes. The technological complexity of this protocol is similar to that needed for BB84 quantum key distribution, and hence is much simpler to implement than recently proposed schemes for transmission of reference frames. A second protocol based on a Bayesian formalism is also presented.

  14. Making Molecular Movies: 10,000,000,000,000 Frames per Second

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaffney, Kelly

    2006-12-12

    Movies have transformed our perception of the world. With slow motion photography, we can see a hummingbird flap its wings, and a bullet pierce an apple. The remarkably small and extremely fast molecular world that determines how your body functions cannot be captured with even the most sophisticated movie camera today. To see chemistry in real time requires a camera capable of seeing molecules that are one ten billionth of a foot with a frame rate of 10 trillion frames per second! SLAC has embarked on the construction of just such a camera. Please join me as I discuss how this molecular movie camera will work and how it will change our perception of the molecular world.

  15. Search for Frame-Dragging-Like Signals Close to Spinning Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Tajmar; F. Plesescu; B. Seifert; R. Schnitzer; I. Vasiljevich

    2008-04-22

    High-resolution accelerometer and laser gyroscope measurements were performed in the vicinity of spinning rings at cryogenic temperatures. After passing a critical temperature, which does not coincide with the material's superconducting temperature, the angular acceleration and angular velocity applied to the rotating ring could be seen on the sensors although they are mechanically de-coupled. A parity violation was observed for the laser gyroscope measurements such that the effect was greatly pronounced in the clockwise-direction only. The experiments seem to compare well with recent independent tests obtained by the Canterbury Ring Laser Group and the Gravity-Probe B satellite. All systematic effects analyzed so far are at least 3 orders of magnitude below the observed phenomenon. The available experimental data indicates that the fields scale similar to classical frame-dragging fields. A number of theories that predicted large frame-dragging fields around spinning superconductors can be ruled out by up to 4 orders of magnitude.

  16. Angular velocity of gravitational radiation from precessing binaries and the corotating frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Boyle

    2013-04-10

    This paper defines an angular velocity for time-dependent functions on the sphere, and applies it to gravitational waveforms from compact binaries. Because it is geometrically meaningful and has a clear physical motivation, the angular velocity is uniquely useful in helping to solve an important---and largely ignored---problem in models of compact binaries: the inverse problem of deducing the physical parameters of a system from the gravitational waves alone. It is also used to define the corotating frame of the waveform. When decomposed in this frame, the waveform has no rotational dynamics and is therefore as slowly evolving as possible. The resulting simplifications lead to straightforward methods for accurately comparing waveforms and constructing hybrids. As formulated in this paper, the methods can be applied robustly to both precessing and nonprecessing waveforms, providing a clear, comprehensive, and consistent framework for waveform analysis. Explicit implementations of all these methods are provided in accompanying computer code.

  17. Byggmeister Test Home. Analysis and Initial Results of Cold Climate Wood-Framed Home Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gates, C.

    2013-01-01

    BSC seeks to further the energy efficiency market for New England area retrofit projects by supporting projects that are based on solid building science fundamentals that will benefit the homeowner through a combination of energy savings, improved durability, and occupant comfort. This report describes a deep retrofit project of a two-family wood-framed home in Belmont, Massachusetts, and examines the retrofit measures for the enclosure amd mechanical systems and reviews the decision-making process that took place during planning.

  18. Framing India's Hydraulic Crises The Politics of the Modern Large Dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Framing India's Hydraulic Crises The Politics of the Modern Large Dam ROHAN D'SOUZA For several University Press, 2006). #12;I N D I A ' S H Y D R A U L I C C R I S I S 1 1 3 commentator on India, declared landscape.4 The TVA model was soon to mark a profound hydraulic departure by kick-starting the post

  19. Quantitative studies of human cardiac metabolism by /sup 31/P rotating-frame NMR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackledge, M.J.; Rajagopalan, B.; Oberhaensli, R.D.; Bolas, N.M.; Styles, P.; Radda, G.K.

    1987-06-01

    The authors have developed /sup 31/P NMR spectroscopic methods to determine quantitatively relative levels of phosphorus-containing metabolites in the human myocardium. They have used localization techniques based on the rotating-frame imaging experiment and carried out the double-surface coil probe. Information is obtained from selected slices by rotating-frame depth selection and from a complete one-dimensional spectroscopic image using phase-modulated rotating-frame imaging. The methods collect biochemical information from metabolites in human heart, and they use the fact that the phosphocreatine/ATP molar ratio in skeletal muscle at rest is higher than that in working heart to demonstrate that localization ha been achieved for each investigation. The phosphocreatine/ATP molar ratio in normal human heart has been measured as 1.55 +/- 0.20 in six subjects using dept selection and as 1.53 +/- 0.25 in four subjects using spectroscopic imaging. Measurement of this ratio is expected to give a useful and reproducible index of myocardial energetics in normal and pathological states.

  20. Ultra-high speed burst-mode imager for multi-frame radiography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwiatkowski, Kris; Nedrow, Paul; Mariam, Fesseha; Merrill, Frank E; Morris, Chris L; Saunders, Abdy; Hogan, Gary; Douance, Vincent; Bal, Yibin; Joshi, Atul; Auyeung, John

    2010-01-01

    A 720 x 720 pixel hybrid-CMOS imager was fabricated by Rockwell Scientific (now Teledyne Imaging Sensors). Several cameras have been in operation for 5 years, in a variety of static and dynamic experiments, at the 800MeV proton radiography (pRAD) facility at the LANSCE accelerator. The cameras can operate with a per-pulse adjustable inter-frame time of 250ns to 2s, and with an exposure/integration-time as short as 150 ns. Given the 800 ms total readout time, the imager can be externally synchronized to 0.1-to-5Hz, 50-ns wide proton beam pulses, and record 1000-frame radiographic movies of 5-to-30 minute duration. The effectiveness and dependence of the global electronic shutter on the pixelated Si photo-sensor bias voltage is discussed. The spatial resolution dependence of the full imaging system on various monolithic and structured scintillators is presented. We also present features of a new-generation 10-frame, 1024 x 1024 pixel, 50-ns exposure, 12-bit dynamic range imager, which is now in the design phase.

  1. Steady-State Thermal Performance Evaluation of Steel-Framed Wall Assembly with Local Foam Insulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, Jan [ORNL] [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL] [ORNL; Childs, Phillip W [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    During January and May, 2009, two configurations of steel-framed walls constructed with conventional 2 4 steel studs insulated with R-19 ~14cm. (5.5-in. thick) and R-13 ~9cm. (3.5-in. thick) fiberglass insulation batts were tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) guarded hot-box using ASTM C1363 test procedure. The first test wall used conventional 2 4 steel studs insulated with 2.5-cm. (1-in.) thick foam profiles, called stud snugglers. These stud snugglers converted the 2 4 wall assembly into a 2 6 assembly allowing application of R-19 fiberglass insulation. The second wall tested for comparison was a conventional 2 4 steel stud wall using R-13 insulation batts. Further, numerical simulations were performed in order to evaluate the steady-state thermal performance of various wood- and steel-framed wall assemblies. The effects of adding the stud-snugglers to the wood and steel studs were also investigated numerically. Different combinations of insulation and framing factor were used in the simulations.

  2. Quantum correlations of helicity entangled states in non-inertial frames beyond single mode approximation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harsij, Zeynab Mirza, Behrouz

    2014-12-15

    A helicity entangled tripartite state is considered in which the degree of entanglement is preserved in non-inertial frames. It is shown that Quantum Entanglement remains observer independent. As another measure of quantum correlation, Quantum Discord has been investigated. It is explicitly shown that acceleration has no effect on the degree of quantum correlation for the bipartite and tripartite helicity entangled states. Geometric Quantum Discord as a Hilbert–Schmidt distance is computed for helicity entangled states. It is shown that living in non-inertial frames does not make any influence on this distance, either. In addition, the analysis has been extended beyond single mode approximation to show that acceleration does not have any impact on the quantum features in the limit beyond the single mode. As an interesting result, while the density matrix depends on the right and left Unruh modes, the Negativity as a measure of Quantum Entanglement remains constant. Also, Quantum Discord does not change beyond single mode approximation. - Highlights: • The helicity entangled states here are observer independent in non-inertial frames. • It is explicitly shown that Quantum Discord for these states is observer independent. • Geometric Quantum Discord is also not affected by acceleration increase. • Extending to beyond single mode does not change the degree of entanglement. • Beyond single mode approximation the degree of Quantum Discord is also preserved.

  3. Optical position meters analyzed in the non-inertial reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey P. Tarabrin; Alexander A. Seleznyov

    2008-09-03

    In the framework of General Relativity we develop a method for analysis of the operation of the optical position meters in their photodetectors proper reference frames. These frames are non-inertial in general due to the action of external fluctuative forces on meters test masses, including detectors. For comparison we also perform the calculations in the laboratory (globally inertial) reference frame and demonstrate that for certain optical schemes laboratory-based analysis results in unmeasurable quantities, in contrast to the detector-based analysis. We also calculate the response of the simplest optical meters to weak plane gravitational waves and fluctuative motions of their test masses. It is demonstrated that for the round-trip meter analysis in both the transverse-traceless (TT) and local Lorentz (LL) gauges produces equal results, while for the forward-trip meter corresponding results differ in accordance with different physical assumptions (e.g. procedure of clocks synchronization) implicitly underlying the construction of the TT and LL gauges.

  4. The Chameleon Effect in the Jordan Frame of the Brans--Dicke Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quiros, Israel; Gonzalez, Tame; Horta-Rangel, F Antonio

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the chameleon effect in the different conformal frames of the Brans--Dicke theory. Given that, in the standard literature on the subject, the chameleon is described in the Einstein frame almost exclusively, here we pay special attention to the description of this effect in the Jordan and in the string frames. It is shown that, in general, terrestrial and solar system bounds on the mass of the BD scalar field, and bounds of cosmological origin, are difficult to reconcile at once through a single chameleon potential. We point out that, in a cosmological context, provided that the effective chameleon potential has a minimum within a region of constant density of matter, the Brans--Dicke theory transmutes into general relativity with a cosmological constant, in that region. This result, however, can be only locally valid. In cosmological settings de Sitter--general relativity is a global attractor of the Brans--Dicke theory only for the quadratic potential $V(\\phi)=M^2\\phi^2$, or for ...

  5. The Chameleon Effect in the Jordan Frame of the Brans--Dicke Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Israel Quiros; Ricardo García-Salcedo; Tame Gonzalez; F. Antonio Horta-Rangel

    2015-06-20

    In this paper we investigate the chameleon effect in the different conformal frames of the Brans--Dicke theory. Given that, in the standard literature on the subject, the chameleon is described in the Einstein frame almost exclusively, here we pay special attention to the description of this effect in the Jordan and in the string frames. It is shown that, in general, terrestrial and solar system bounds on the mass of the BD scalar field, and bounds of cosmological origin, are difficult to reconcile at once through a single chameleon potential. We point out that, in a cosmological context, provided that the effective chameleon potential has a minimum within a region of constant density of matter, the Brans--Dicke theory transmutes into general relativity with a cosmological constant, in that region. This result, however, can be only locally valid. In cosmological settings de Sitter--general relativity is a global attractor of the Brans--Dicke theory only for the quadratic potential $V(\\phi)=M^2\\phi^2$, or for potentials that asymptote to $M^2\\phi^2$.

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF A QUANTITATIVE MEASURE OF THE FUNCTIONALITY OF FRAME WALLS ENHANCED WITH PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS USING A DYNAMIC WALL SIMULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Angela C.

    2008-07-25

    Frame walls enhanced with phase change materials (paraffin-based, hydrated salt-based, and eutectic) mixed in cellulose insulation were developed and tested. The frame walls were heated and allowed to cool in a dynamic wall simulator that replicated...

  7. Measured Cooling Performance of Two-story Homes in Dallas, Texas; Insulated Concrete Form Versus Frame Construction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chasar, D.; Moyer, N.; Rudd, A. F.; Parker, D.; Chandra, S.

    2002-01-01

    Four occupied homes near Dallas, Texas were monitored to compare heating and cooling energy use. Two homes were built with typical wood frame construction, the other two with insulated concrete form (ICF) construction. Remote ...

  8. DETERMINING THE OPTIMUM PLACEMENT OF A PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS (PCM) THERMAL SHIELD INSIDE FRAME WALLS USING A DYNAMIC WALL SIMULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reshmeen, Silvia

    2009-12-23

    ABSTRACT This thesis presents the results of an experimental study to determine the optimum placement and the thermal performance of a Phase Change Materials (PCMs) thermal shield incorporated into frame wall insulation systems for the purpose...

  9. End-To-End Delay for Hierarchical B-Pictures and Pulsed Quality Dual Frame Video Coders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leontaris, A; Cosman, P C

    2006-01-01

    DELAY FOR HIERARCHICAL B-PICTURES AND PULSED QUALITY DUALTerms- H.264, hierarchical B-pictures, long-term frames. areclosed-loop hierarchical B pictures," Joint Video Team of

  10. SU-E-J-112: The Impact of Cine EPID Image Acquisition Frame Rate On Markerless Soft-Tissue Tracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, S; Rottmann, J; Berbeco, R

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Although reduction of the cine EPID acquisition frame rate through multiple frame averaging may reduce hardware memory burden and decrease image noise, it can hinder the continuity of soft-tissue motion leading to poor auto-tracking results. The impact of motion blurring and image noise on the tracking performance was investigated. Methods: Phantom and patient images were acquired at a frame rate of 12.87Hz on an AS1000 portal imager. Low frame rate images were obtained by continuous frame averaging. A previously validated tracking algorithm was employed for auto-tracking. The difference between the programmed and auto-tracked positions of a Las Vegas phantom moving in the superior-inferior direction defined the tracking error (?). Motion blurring was assessed by measuring the area change of the circle with the greatest depth. Additionally, lung tumors on 1747 frames acquired at eleven field angles from four radiotherapy patients are manually and automatically tracked with varying frame averaging. ? was defined by the position difference of the two tracking methods. Image noise was defined as the standard deviation of the background intensity. Motion blurring and image noise were correlated with ? using Pearson correlation coefficient (R). Results: For both phantom and patient studies, the auto-tracking errors increased at frame rates lower than 4.29Hz. Above 4.29Hz, changes in errors were negligible with ?<1.60mm. Motion blurring and image noise were observed to increase and decrease with frame averaging, respectively. Motion blurring and tracking errors were significantly correlated for the phantom (R=0.94) and patient studies (R=0.72). Moderate to poor correlation was found between image noise and tracking error with R -0.58 and -0.19 for both studies, respectively. Conclusion: An image acquisition frame rate of at least 4.29Hz is recommended for cine EPID tracking. Motion blurring in images with frame rates below 4.39Hz can substantially reduce the accuracy of auto-tracking. This work is supported in part by the Varian Medical Systems, Inc.

  11. A characteristic observable signature of preferred frame effects in relativistic binary pulsars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Wex; M. Kramer

    2007-06-15

    In this paper we develop a consistent, phenomenological methodology to measure preferred-frame effects (PFEs) in binary pulsars that exhibit a high rate of periastron advance. We show that in these systems the existence of a preferred frame for gravity leads to an observable characteristic `signature' in the timing data, which uniquely identifies this effect. We expand the standard Damour-Deruelle timing formula to incorporate this `signature' and show how this new PFE timing model can be used to either measure or constrain the parameters related to a violation of the local Lorentz invariance of gravity in the strong internal fields of neutron stars. In particular, we demonstrate that in the presence of PFEs we expect a set of the new timing parameters to have a unique relationship that can be measured and tested incontrovertibly. This new methodology is applied to the Double Pulsar, which turns out to be the ideal test system for this kind of experiments.The currently available dataset allows us only to study the impact of PFEs on the orbital precession rate, d omega/dt, providing limits that are, at the moment, clearly less stringent than existing limits on PFE strong-field parameters. However, simulations show that the constraints improve fast in the coming years, allowing us to study all new PFE timing parameters and to check for the unique relationship between them. Finally, we show how a combination of several suitable systems in a "PFE antenna array", expected to be availabe for instance with the Square-Kilometre-Array (SKA), provides full sensitivity to possible violations of local Lorentz invariance in strong gravitational fields in all directions of the sky. This PFE antenna array may eventually allow us to determine the direction of a preferred frame should it exist.

  12. Steel-framed buildings: Impacts of wall detail configurations on the whole wall thermal performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, J.; Desjarlais, A.O.; Christian, J.E.

    1998-06-01

    The main objective of this paper is the influence of architectural wall details on the whole wall thermal performance. Whole wall thermal performance analysis was performed for six light gage steel-framed wall systems (some with wood components). For each wall system, all wall details were simulated using calibrated 3-D finite difference computer modeling. The thermal performance of the six steel-framed wall systems included various system details and the whole wall system thermal performance for a typical single-story ranch house. Currently, predicted heat losses through building walls are typically based on measurements of the wall system clear wall area using test methods such as ASTM C 236 or are calculated by one of the procedures recommended in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals that often is carried out for the clear wall area exclusively. In this paper, clear wall area is defined as the part of the wall system that is free of thermal anomalies due to building envelope details or thermally unaffected by intersections with other surfaces of the building envelope. Clear wall experiments or calculations normally do not include the effects of building envelope details such as corners, window and door openings, and structural intersections with roofs, floors, ceilings, and other walls. In steel-framed wall systems, these details typically consist of much more structural components than the clear wall. For this situation, the thermal properties measured or calculated for the clear wall area do not adequately represent the total wall system thermal performance. Factors that would impact the ability of today`s standard practice to accurately predict the total wall system thermal performance are the accuracy of the calculation methods, the area of the total wall that is clear wall, and the quantity and thermal performance of the various wall system details.

  13. Annales Geophysicae, 23, 34813486, 2005 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-3481

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Union 2005 Annales Geophysicae The importance of solar illumination for discrete and diffuse aurora M, are included in this investiga- tion. We investigate the importance of seasonal effects, solar illumination aurora are separated from the dependence on solar illumina- tion of the ionosphere. When the effects

  14. Higgs gravitational interaction, weak boson scattering, and Higgs inflation in Jordan and Einstein frames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, Jing; Xianyu, Zhong-Zhi; He, Hong-Jian E-mail: xianyuzhongzhi@gmail.com

    2014-06-01

    We study gravitational interaction of Higgs boson through the unique dimension-4 operator ?H{sup †}HR, with H  the Higgs doublet and R  the Ricci scalar curvature. We analyze the effect of this dimensionless nonminimal coupling ?  on weak gauge boson scattering in both Jordan and Einstein frames. We explicitly establish the longitudinal-Goldstone equivalence theorem with nonzero ? coupling in both frames, and analyze the unitarity constraints. We study the ?-induced weak boson scattering cross sections at O(1?30) TeV scales, and propose to probe the Higgs-gravity coupling via weak boson scattering experiments at the LHC (14 TeV) and the next generation pp colliders (50-100 TeV). We further extend our study to Higgs inflation, and quantitatively derive the perturbative unitarity bounds via coupled channel analysis, under large field background at the inflation scale. We analyze the unitarity constraints on the parameter space in both the conventional Higgs inflation and the improved models in light of the recent BICEP2 data.

  15. Modes of asymmetry: the application of harmonic analysis to symmetric quantum dynamics and quantum reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iman Marvian; Robert W. Spekkens

    2014-12-05

    Finding the consequences of symmetry for open system quantum dynamics is a problem with broad applications, including describing thermal relaxation, deriving quantum limits on the performance of amplifiers, and exploring quantum metrology in the presence of noise. The symmetry of the dynamics may reflect a symmetry of the fundamental laws of nature, a symmetry of a low-energy effective theory, or it may describe a practical restriction such as the lack of a reference frame. In this paper, we apply some tools of harmonic analysis together with ideas from quantum information theory to this problem. The central idea is to study the decomposition of quantum operations---in particular, states, measurements and channels---into different modes, which we call modes of asymmetry. Under symmetric processing, a given mode of the input is mapped to the corresponding mode of the output, implying that one can only generate a given output if the input contains all of the necessary modes. By defining monotones that quantify the asymmetry in a particular mode, we also derive quantitative constraints on the resources of asymmetry that are required to simulate a given asymmetric operation. We present applications of our results for deriving bounds on the probability of success in nondeterministic state transitions, such as quantum amplification, and a simplified formalism for studying the degradation of quantum reference frames.

  16. Static Observers in Curved Spaces and Non-inertial Frames in Minkowski Spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Dahia; P. J. Felix da Silva

    2010-04-22

    Static observers in curved spacetimes may interpret their proper acceleration as the opposite of a local gravitational field (in the Newtonian sense). Based on this interpretation and motivated by the equivalence principle, we are led to investigate congruences of timelike curves in Minkowski spacetime whose acceleration field coincides with the acceleration field of static observers of curved spaces. The congruences give rise to non-inertial frames that are examined. Specifically we find, based on the locality principle, the embedding of simultaneity hypersurfaces adapted to the non-inertial frame in an explicit form for arbitrary acceleration fields. We also determine, from the Einstein equations, a covariant field equation that regulates the behavior of the proper acceleration of static observers in curved spacetimes. It corresponds to an exact relativistic version of the Newtonian gravitational field equation. In the specific case in which the level surfaces of the norm of the acceleration field of the static observers are maximally symmetric two-dimensional spaces, the energy-momentum tensor of the source is analyzed.

  17. Dragging of inertial frames in the composed black-hole-ring system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hod, Shahar

    2015-01-01

    A well-established phenomenon in general relativity is the dragging of inertial frames by a spinning object. In particular, due to the dragging of inertial frames by a ring orbiting a central black hole, the angular-velocity of the black-hole horizon in the composed black-hole-ring system is no longer related to the black-hole angular-momentum by the simple Kerr-like (vacuum) relation $\\Omega^{\\text{Kerr}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}})=J_{\\text{H}}/2M^2R_{\\text{H}}$. Will has performed a perturbative treatment of the composed black-hole-ring system in the regime of slowly rotating black holes and found the explicit relation $\\Omega^{\\text{BH-ring}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}}=0,J_{\\text{R}},R)=2J_{\\text{R}}/R^3$ for the angular-velocity of a central black hole with zero angular-momentum. Analyzing a sequence of black-hole-ring configurations with adiabatically varying (decreasing) circumferential radii, we show that the expression found by Will implies a smooth transition of the central black-hole angular-velocity fro...

  18. Black Hole Radiation with Modified Dispersion Relation in Tunneling Paradigm: Free-fall Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng Wang; Haitang Yang; Shuxuan Ying

    2015-05-18

    Due to the exponential high gravitational red shift near the event horizon of a black hole, it might appear that the Hawking radiation would be highly sensitive to some unknown high energy physics. To study effects of any unknown physics at the Planck scale on the Hawking radiation, the dispersive field theory models have been proposed, which are variations of Unruh's sonic black hole analogy. In this paper, we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to investigate the dispersive field theory models. The preferred frame is the free-fall frame of the black hole. The dispersion relation adopted agrees with the relativistic one at low energy but is modified near the Planck mass $m_{p}$. The corrections to the Hawking temperature are calculated for massive and charged particles to $\\mathcal{O}\\left( m_{p}^{-2}\\right) $ and neutral and massless particles with $\\lambda=0$ to all orders. The Hawking temperature of radiation agrees with the standard one at the leading order. After the spectrum of radiation near the horizon is obtained, we use the brick wall model to compute the thermal entropy of a massless scalar field near the horizon of a 4D spherically symmetric black hole and a 2D one. Finally, the luminosity of a Schwarzschild black hole is calculated by using the geometric optics approximation.

  19. Quantum Correlations of Helicity Entangled States in Non-inertial Frames Beyond Single Mode Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeynab Harsij; Behrouz Mirza

    2014-09-24

    A helicity entangled tripartite state is considered in which the degree of entanglement is preserved in non-inertial frames. It is shown that Quantum Entanglement remains observer independent. As another measure of quantum correlation, Quantum Discord has been investigated. It is explicitly shown that acceleration has no effect on the degree of quantum correlation for the bipartite and tripartite helicity entangled states. Geometric Quantum Discord as a Hilbert-Schmidt distance is computed for helicity entangled states. It is shown that living in non-inertial frames does not make any influence on this distance, either. In addition, the analysis has been extended beyond single mode approximation to show that acceleration does not have any impact on the quantum features in the limit beyond the single mode. As an interesting result, while the density matrix depends on the right and left Unruh modes, the Negativity as a measure of Quantum Entanglement remains constant. Also, Quantum Discord does not change beyond single mode approximation.

  20. Black Hole Radiation with Modified Dispersion Relation in Tunneling Paradigm: Static Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Peng

    2015-01-01

    Due to the exponential high gravitational red shift near the event horizon of a black hole, it might appears that the Hawking radiation would be highly sensitive to some unknown high energy physics. To study possible deviations from the Hawking's prediction, the dispersive field theory models have been proposed, following the Unruh's hydrodynamic analogue of a black hole radiation. In the dispersive field theory models, the dispersion relations of matter fields are modified at high energies, which leads to modifications of equations of motion. In this paper, we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to investigate the dispersive field theory models. The preferred frame is the static frame of the black hole. The dispersion relation adopted agrees with the relativistic one at low energies but is modified near the Planck mass $m_{p}$. We calculate the corrections to the Hawking temperature for massive and charged particles to $\\mathcal{O}\\left(m_{p}^{-2}\\right) $ and massless and neutral particles to all orders. Our res...

  1. Black Hole Radiation with Modified Dispersion Relation in Tunneling Paradigm: Free-fall Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Peng; Ying, Shuxuan

    2015-01-01

    Due to the exponential high gravitational red shift near the event horizon of a black hole, it might appear that the Hawking radiation would be highly sensitive to some unknown high energy physics. To study effects of any unknown physics at the Planck scale on the Hawking radiation, the dispersive field theory models have been proposed, which are variations of Unruh's sonic black hole analogy. In this paper, we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to investigate the dispersive field theory models. The preferred frame is the free-fall frame of the black hole. The dispersion relation adopted agrees with the relativistic one at low energy but is modified near the Planck mass $m_{p}$. The corrections to the Hawking temperature are calculated for massive and charged particles to $\\mathcal{O}\\left( m_{p}^{-2}\\right) $ and neutral and massless particles with $\\lambda=0$ to all orders. The Hawking temperature of radiation agrees with the standard one at the leading order. After the spectrum of radiation near the horizon is...

  2. Identification and characterization of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus open reading frame 11 promotor activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Lei [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Open reading frame 11 (ORF11) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus belongs to a herpesviral homologous protein family shared by some members of the gamma- herpesvirus subfamily. Little is known about this ORF11 homologous protein family. We have characterized an unknown open reading frame, ORF11, located adjacent and in the opposite orientation to a well-characterized viral IL-6 gene. Northern blot analysis reveals that ORF11 is expressed during the KSHV lytic cycle with delayed-early transcription kinetics. We have determined the 5{prime} and 3{prime} untranslated region of the unspliced ORF11 transcript and identified both the transcription start site and the transcription termination site. Core promoter region, representing ORF11 promoter activity, was mapped to a 159nt fragment 5{prime} most proximal to the transcription start site. A functional TATA box was identified in the core promoter region. Interestingly, we found that ORF11 transcriptional activation is not responsive to Rta, the KSHV lytic switch protein. We also discovered that part of the ORF11 promoter region, the 209nt fragment upstream of the transcription start site, was repressed by phorbol esters. Our data help to understand transcription regulation of ORF11 and to elucidate roles of ORF11 in KSHV pathogenesis and life cycle.

  3. Opacity in compact extragalactic radio sources and its effect on radio-optical reference frame alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Y. Kovalev; A. P. Lobanov; A. B. Pushkarev; J. A. Zensus

    2007-10-22

    Accurate alignment of the radio and optical celestial reference frames requires detailed understanding of physical factors that may cause offsets between the positions of the same object measured in different spectral bands. Opacity in compact extragalactic jets (due to synchrotron self-absorption and external free-free absorption) is one of the key physical phenomena producing such an offset, and this effect is well-known in radio astronomy ("core shift"). We have measured the core shifts in a sample of 29 bright compact extragalactic radio sources observed using very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) at 2.3 and 8.6 GHz. We report the results of these measurements and estimate that the average shift between radio and optical positions of distant quasars would be of the order of 0.1-0.2 mas. This shift exceeds positional accuracy of GAIA and SIM. We suggest two possible approaches to carefully investigate and correct for this effect in order to align accurately the radio and optical positions. Both approaches involve determining a Primary Reference Sample of objects to be used for tying the radio and optical reference frames together.

  4. Reducing the uncertainties associated with using the ASHRAE zone method for R-value calculations of metal frame walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, J.; Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Several authors report the accuracy of the ASHRAE zone method of R-value calculation of metal frame walls as unsatisfactory. A series of more than 1,000 two-dimensional computer simulations was conducted for several metal frame wall configurations. Several wall design parameters, such as stud spacing, stud (depth) size, stud flange size, stud metal thickness, thermal resistance of cavity insulation, and thermal resistance of exterior sheathing, were considered during modeling. This allowed the influence of each above-mentioned designing parameter on metal frame wall thermal performance to be assessed. Wall R-values calculated by the ASHRAE zone method were compared with the results of the computer simulation. The comparison showed that the differences in the thermal calculations are caused by the metal stud zone area estimation. Based on results of finite-difference thermal modeling and regression analysis, a new, more precise technique of estimating zones of thermal anomalies caused by metal studs for metal frame walls was developed. The effects of several wall design parameters were calculated. An improved method of R-value predictions for metal frame walls is proposed.

  5. Preferred-Frame and CP-Violation Tests with Polarized Electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Heckel; E. G. Adelberger; C. E. Cramer; T. S. Cook; S. Schlamminger; U. Schmidt

    2008-08-20

    We used a torsion pendulum containing $\\approx 10^{23}$ polarized electrons to search new interactions that couple to electron spin. We limit CP-violating interactions between the pendulum's electrons and unpolarized matter in the earth or the sun, test for rotation and boost-dependent preferred-frame effects using the earth's rotation and velocity with respect to the entire cosmos, and search for exotic velocity-dependent potentials between polarized electrons and unpolarized matter in the sun and moon. Finally, we find that the gravitational mass of an electron spinning toward the galactic center differs by less than about 1 part in $10^{21}$ from an electron spinning in the opposite direction. As a byproduct of this work, the density of polarized electrons in Sm$ $Co$_5$ was measured to be $(4.19\\pm 0.19)\\times 10^{22} {\\rm cm}^{-3}$ at a field of 9.6 kG.

  6. Simulation and Experiment on Direct Continuous Casting Process of Lead Frame Copper Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang Guojie; Xie Shuisheng; Cheng Lei [State Key Laboratory for Fabrication and Process of Nonferrous Metals, Beijing General Research Institute for Non-ferrous Metals, 100088 (China)

    2010-06-15

    Direct Continuous Casting (D.C.C) is an important method in casting lead frame copper alloy. In this paper, numerical simulation is adopted to investigate the casting process in order to optimize the D.C.C technical parameters, such as the casting temperature, casting speed and cooling intensity. According to the numerical results, the reasonable parameters are that the casting temperature is between 1413 Kapprox1413 K, the casting speed is between 8 m/happrox10 m/h and the speed of cooling water is between 4.2 m/sapprox4.6 m/s. And the depth of liquid-solid boundary is measured in different casting temperature and casting speed by experiments. The results show the actual measurements have a little deviation with the numerical simulation. The results of numerical simulation provide the significant reference to the actual experiments.

  7. Photometric Properties of Ceres from Telescopic Observations using Dawn Framing Camera Color Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Vishnu; Gary, Bruce L; Sanchez, Juan A; Stephens, Robert D; Megna, Ralph; Coley, Daniel; Nathues, Andreas; Corre, Lucille Le; Hoffmann, Martin

    2015-01-01

    The dwarf planet Ceres is likely differentiated similar to the terrestrial planets but with a water/ice dominated mantle and an aqueously altered crust. Detailed modeling of Ceres' phase function has never been performed to understand its surface properties. The Dawn spacecraft began orbital science operations at the dwarf planet in April 2015. We observed Ceres with flight spares of the seven Dawn Framing Camera color filters mounted on ground-based telescopes over the course of three years to model its phase function versus wavelength. Our analysis shows that the modeled geometric albedos derived from both the IAU HG model and the Hapke model are consistent with a flat and featureless spectrum of Ceres, although the values are ~10% higher than previous measurements. Our models also suggest a wavelength dependence of Ceres' phase function. The IAU G-parameter and the Hapke single-particle phase function parameter, g, are both consistent with decreasing (shallower) phase slope with increasing wavelength. Such...

  8. X-ray Spectroscopy with Elliptical Crystals and Face-On Framing Cameras

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, R; Emig, J; Fournier, K; Hansen, S; May, M; Young, B

    2004-04-16

    X-ray spectrometers using elliptically bent crystals have desirable properties for applications requiring broad spectral coverage, good spectral resolution, and minimized source broadening. Previous work used custom-positioned film or microchannel plate detectors. They find it is also useful and cost-effective to field elliptical crystals in existing snouts on the face-on gated microchannel plate framing cameras commonly used at many facilities. they numerically explored the full design space (spectral range and resolution) of elliptical crystals compatible with the new MSPEC multipurpose spectrometer snout. They have tested at the Omega laser an elliptical RAP crystal with 174 mm focal length, 0.9885 eccentricity, and 4.6 degree inclination, viewing from 1.0 to at least 1.7 keV with E/dE of 300-500. A slit (2x mag) images 3 mm sources with 70 um spatial resolution.

  9. X-ray spectroscopy with elliptical crystals and face-on framing cameras

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, R.F.; Emig, J.A.; Fournier, K.B.; Hansen, S.B.; May, M.J.; Young, B.K.F.

    2004-10-01

    X-ray spectrometers using elliptically bent crystals have desirable properties for applications requiring broad spectral coverage, good spectral resolution, and minimized source broadening. Previous work used custom-positioned film or microchannel plate detectors. We find it is also useful and cost-effective to field elliptical crystals in existing snouts on the face-on gated microchannel plate framing cameras commonly used at many facilities. We numerically explored the full design space (spectral range and resolution) of elliptical crystals compatible with the new multipurpose spectrometer snout. We have tested at the Omega laser an elliptical rubidium acid phthalate crystal with 174 mm focal length, 0.9885 eccentricity, and 4.6 deg. inclination, viewing from 1.0 to at least 1.7 keV with spectral resolution E/dE of 300-500. A slit (2xmagnification) images 3 mm sources with 70 {mu}m spatial resolution.

  10. Development of a dual MCP framing camera for high energy x-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izumi, N., E-mail: izumi2@llnl.gov; Hall, G. N.; Carpenter, A. C.; Allen, F. V.; Cruz, J. G.; Felker, B.; Hargrove, D.; Holder, J.; Lumbard, A.; Montesanti, R.; Palmer, N. E.; Piston, K.; Stone, G.; Thao, M.; Vern, R.; Zacharias, R.; Landen, O. L.; Tommasini, R.; Bradley, D. K.; Bell, P. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); and others

    2014-11-15

    Recently developed diagnostic techniques at LLNL require recording backlit images of extremely dense imploded plasmas using hard x-rays, and demand the detector to be sensitive to photons with energies higher than 50 keV [R. Tommasini et al., Phys. Phys. Plasmas 18, 056309 (2011); G. N. Hall et al., “AXIS: An instrument for imaging Compton radiographs using ARC on the NIF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (these proceedings)]. To increase the sensitivity in the high energy region, we propose to use a combination of two MCPs. The first MCP is operated in a low gain regime and works as a thick photocathode, and the second MCP works as a high gain electron multiplier. We tested the concept of this dual MCP configuration and succeeded in obtaining a detective quantum efficiency of 4.5% for 59 keV x-rays, 3 times larger than with a single plate of the thickness typically used in NIF framing cameras.

  11. Black Hole Radiation with Modified Dispersion Relation in Tunneling Paradigm: Static Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng Wang; Haitang Yang

    2015-05-12

    Due to the exponential high gravitational red shift near the event horizon of a black hole, it might appears that the Hawking radiation would be highly sensitive to some unknown high energy physics. To study possible deviations from the Hawking's prediction, the dispersive field theory models have been proposed, following the Unruh's hydrodynamic analogue of a black hole radiation. In the dispersive field theory models, the dispersion relations of matter fields are modified at high energies, which leads to modifications of equations of motion. In this paper, we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to investigate the dispersive field theory models. The preferred frame is the static frame of the black hole. The dispersion relation adopted agrees with the relativistic one at low energies but is modified near the Planck mass $m_{p}$. We calculate the corrections to the Hawking temperature for massive and charged particles to $\\mathcal{O}\\left(m_{p}^{-2}\\right) $ and massless and neutral particles to all orders. Our results suggest that the thermal spectrum of radiations near horizon is robust, e.g. corrections to the Hawking temperature are suppressed by $m_{p}$. After the spectrum of radiations near the horizon is obtained, we use the brick wall model to compute the thermal entropy of a massless scalar field near the horizon of a 4D spherically symmetric black hole. We find that the leading term of the entropy depends on how the dispersion relations of matter fields are modified, while the subleading logarithmic term does not. Finally, the luminosities of black holes are computed by using the geometric optics approximation.

  12. Viscous-Fluid-Spring Damper Retrofit of a Steel Moment Frame Structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussain, Saif; Van Benschoten, Paul; Al Satari, Mohamed; Lin, Silian

    2008-07-08

    The subject building is a peculiar pre-Northridge steel moment resisting frame building. Upon investigating the existing lateral resisting system, numerous significant deficiencies were identified; inherent lack of redundancy, poor geometry and inadequate stiffness of the lateral resisting system. All of which resulted in an extremely soft 5-story structure with a primary torsional mode of vibration at T{sub 1} = 5.46 s. Significant structural modifications were deemed necessary to meet the 'life-safety' performance objective as outlined in rehabilitation standards such as ASCE 41. Both increased stiffness and damping were required to adequately retrofit the building. Furthermore, adjacent building separation as well as deformation compatibility issues needed to be addressed and resolved. A three-dimensional computer model of the building was created using ETABS mathematically simulating the building's dynamic characteristics in its current condition. Multiple seismic retrofit systems were investigated such as Buckling Restrained Braced Frames (BRBF's). However, based on the performance effectiveness and constructability of the retrofit schemes studied, the Viscous-Fluid-Spring Damper (VFSD) system was proposed as the 'optimum' solution for the building. The VFSD, was chosen because it combines the relatively compact size and minimally invasive constructability with the required properties (an elastomeric spring in parallel with a nonlinear velocity dependent viscous damper). A site-specific response spectrum was developed for the Design Basis Earthquake (DBE, 475 year return period) event, and three pairs of representative earthquake horizontal ground motion time-histories were scaled to match this DBE. The proposed scheme reduced the building maximum inter-story drift ratio from 5.4% to about 1%. Similarly, the maximum roof displacement was reduced by about 70% (23'' to 7'')

  13. Design and Development of Novel Electroplating Spring Frame Mems Structure Specimens for the Microtensile Testing of Thin Film Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Ming-Tzer; Chiang, Chung-Hsun

    2007-01-01

    Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies are developing rapidly with increasing study of the design, fabrication and commercialization of microscale systems and devices. Accurate mechanical properties are important for successful design and development of MEMS. We have demonstrated here a novel electroplating spring frame MEMS Structure Specimen integrates pin-pin align holes, misalignment compensate spring structure frame, load sensor beam and freestanding thin film. The specimen can be fit into a specially designed microtensile apparatus which is capable of carrying out a series of tests on sub-micro scale freestanding thin films.

  14. Analysis of three-dimensional frames using shear-locking free beam elements based on the third-order shear-deformation theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenoy, Raghavendra Konchadi

    2001-01-01

    -supported and cantilever beams subjected to uniform loading. Space frames are then studied using the developed element for static and frequency response....

  15. Experimental Evaluation of Beam to Diamond Box Column Connection with Through Plate in Moment Frames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keshavarzi, Farhad; Torabian, Shahabeddin; Imanpour, Ali; Mirghaderi, Rasoul

    2008-07-08

    Moment resisting frames with built up section have very enhanced features due to high bending stiffness and strength characteristics in two principal axes and access to column faces for beam to column easy connections. But due to proper transfer of beam stresses to column faces there were always some specific controvertibly issues that how to make the load transfer through and in plane manner in order to mobilize the forces in column faces. Using diamond column instead of box column provide possibility to mobilize the load transfer mechanism in column faces. This section as a column has considerable benefit such as high plastic to elastic section modulus ratio which is an effective factor for force controlled components. Typical connection has no chance to be applied with diamond column.This paper elucidates the seismic behavior of through-plates moment connections to diamond box columns for use in steel moment resisting frames. This connection has a lot of economical benefits such as no need to horizontal continuity plates and satisfying the weak beam--strong column criteria in the connection region. They might serve as panel zone plates as well. According to high shear demand in panel zone of beam to column joint one should use the doublers plates in order to decrease the shear strength demand in this sensitive part of structure but these plates have no possibility to mobilize the load transfer mechanism in column web and transfer them to column flanges. In this type of connection, column faces have effective role in order to decrease the demands on through plate and they are impressive factors for improving the performance of the connection.Experimental analysis was conducted to elucidate the seismic behavior of this connection. The results of Experimental analysis established the effectiveness of the through plate in mitigating local stress concentrations and forming the plastic hinge zone in the beam away from the beam to column interface. The moment-rotation graphs form sub-assemblage show a desirable seismic performance of this connection.

  16. Dragging of inertial frames in the composed black-hole-ring system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahar Hod

    2015-11-10

    A well-established phenomenon in general relativity is the dragging of inertial frames by a spinning object. In particular, due to the dragging of inertial frames by a ring orbiting a central black hole, the angular-velocity of the black-hole horizon in the composed black-hole-ring system is no longer related to the black-hole angular-momentum by the simple Kerr-like (vacuum) relation $\\Omega^{\\text{Kerr}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}})=J_{\\text{H}}/2M^2R_{\\text{H}}$. Will has performed a perturbative treatment of the composed black-hole-ring system in the regime of slowly rotating black holes and found the explicit relation $\\Omega^{\\text{BH-ring}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}}=0,J_{\\text{R}},R)=2J_{\\text{R}}/R^3$ for the angular-velocity of a central black hole with zero angular-momentum. Analyzing a sequence of black-hole-ring configurations with adiabatically varying (decreasing) circumferential radii, we show that the expression found by Will implies a smooth transition of the central black-hole angular-velocity from its asymptotic near-horizon value $\\Omega^{\\text{BH-ring}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}}=0,J_{\\text{R}},R\\to R^{+}_{\\text{H}})$ to its final Kerr (vacuum) value $\\Omega^{\\text{Kerr}}_{\\text{H}}(J^{\\text{new}}_{\\text{H}})$. We use this important observation in order to generalize the result of Will to the regime of black-hole-ring configurations in which the central black holes possess non-zero angular momenta. Remarkably, we find the simple universal relation $\\Delta\\Omega_{\\text{H}}\\equiv\\Omega^{\\text{BH-ring}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}},J_{\\text{R}},R\\to R^{+}_{\\text{H}})-\\Omega^{\\text{Kerr}}_{\\text{H}}(J_{\\text{H}})={{J_{\\text{R}}}/{4M^3}}$ for the asymptotic deviation of the black-hole angular-velocity in the composed black-hole-ring system from the corresponding angular-velocity of the unperturbed (vacuum) Kerr black hole with the same angular-momentum.

  17. Low-cost Rigid-frame Exoskeleton Glove with Finger-joint Flexion Tracking Mapped onto a Robotic Hand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerrero, Roberto

    2015-04-30

    This thesis provides a representation of a low-cost rigid-frame exoskeleton glove that is used to track finger-joint flexion mapped onto a robotic hand to mimic user movements. The overall setup consists of an exoskeleton glove (exo-glove), sensors...

  18. Eccentric Braced Frame Design for Moderate Seismic Regions Eric M. Hines, Tufts University, Medford, MA, emhines@lemessurier.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hines, Eric

    Eccentric Braced Frame Design for Moderate Seismic Regions Author: Eric M. Hines, Tufts University of low-ductility steel systems designed for moderate seismic regions have generated new interest the 1960's through the 1980's. For these structures, designed prior to modern seismic provisions, eccentric

  19. Monte Carlo data-driven tight frame for seismic data Shiwei Yu1, Jianwei Ma2 and Stanley Osher3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    -DDTF), and tested the trained filter bank derived from this process by conducting seismic data denoising preprocessing steps in the seismic data processing chain. Methods to attenuate random noise can generallyMonte Carlo data-driven tight frame for seismic data recovery Shiwei Yu1, Jianwei Ma2 and Stanley

  20. Physical Reference Frames and Astrometric Measurements of Star Direction in General Relativity \\\\I. Stellar Aberration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariateresa Crosta; Alberto Vecchiato

    2009-02-17

    The high accuracy of modern space astrometry requires the use of General Relativity to model the propagation of stellar light through the gravitational field encountered from a source to a given observer inside the Solar System. In this sense relativistic astrometry is part of fundamental physics. The general relativistic definition of astrometric measurement needs an appropriate use of the concept of reference frame, which should then be linked to the conventions of the IAU Resolutions (2000), which fix the celestial coordinate system. A consistent definition of the astrometric observables in the context of General Relativity is also essential to find uniquely the stellar coordinates and proper motion, this being the main physical task of the inverse ray tracing problem. Aim of this work is to set the level of reciprocal consistency of two relativistic models, GREM and RAMOD (Gaia, ESA mission), in order to garantee a physically correct definition of light direction to a star, an essential item for deducing the star coordinates and proper motion within the same level of measurement accuracy.

  1. Rotating-frame relaxation as a noise spectrum analyzer of a superconducting qubit undergoing driven evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Yan; S. Gustavsson; J. Bylander; X. Jin; F. Yoshihara; D. G. Cory; Y. Nakamura; T. P. Orlando; W. D. Oliver

    2015-08-26

    Gate operations in a quantum information processor are generally realized by tailoring specific periods of free and driven evolution of a quantum system. Unwanted environmental noise, which may in principle be distinct during these two periods, acts to decohere the system and increase the gate error rate. While there has been significant progress characterizing noise processes during free evolution, the corresponding driven-evolution case is more challenging as the noise being probed is also extant during the characterization protocol. Here we demonstrate the noise spectroscopy (0.1 - 200 MHz) of a superconducting flux qubit during driven evolution by using a robust spin-locking pulse sequence to measure relaxation (T1rho) in the rotating frame. In the case of flux noise, we resolve spectral features due to coherent fluctuators, and further identify a signature of the 1MHz defect in a time-domain spin-echo experiment. The driven-evolution noise spectroscopy complements free-evolution methods, enabling the means to characterize and distinguish various noise processes relevant for universal quantum control.

  2. AISI/DOE Technology Roadmap Program: Development of Cost-effective, Energy-efficient Steel Framing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nader R. Elhajj

    2003-01-06

    Steel members in wall construction form a thermal bridge that interrupts the insulation layer of a wall. This causes higher rate of heat transfer by conduction through the wall framing than through other parts of the wall. One method to reduce the thermal bridging effect is to provide a break, such as insulating sheathing. A thermally efficient slit-web and stud was developed in this program to mitigate the conductivity of steel. The thermal performance of the slit-web stud was evaluated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using hotbox testing. The thermal test results showed that the prototype slit-web stud performed 17% better than the solid-web stud, using R-13 fiber glass batts with exterior OSB sheathing and interior drywall. The structural behavior of this slit-web stud was evaluated in axial, bending, shear, shearwall, and stub-column tests. Test results indicated that the slitweb stud performed similarly or better than the solid-web stud in most structural performance characteristics investigated. Thus, the prototype slit-web stud has been shown to be thermally efficient, economiexecy viable, structurally sound, easily manufactured and usable in a range of residential installations.

  3. Cooling System for a Frame-Store PN-CCD Detector for Low Background Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pereira, H; Santos Silva, P; Kuster, M; Lang, P

    2012-01-01

    The astroparticle physics experiment CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) aims to detect hypothetical axions or axion-like particles produced in the Sun by the Primakoff process. A Large Hadron Collider (LHC) prototype superconducting dipole magnet provides a 9 T transverse magnetic field for the conversion of axions into detectable X-ray photons. These photons are detected with an X-ray telescope and a novel type of frame-store CCD detector built from radio-pure materials, installed in the optics focal plane. A novel type of cooling system has been designed and built based on krypton-filled cryogenic heat pipes, made out of oxygen-free radiopure copper, and a Stirling cryocooler as cold source. The heat pipes provide an efficient thermal coupling between the cryocooler and the CCD which is kept at stable temperatures between 150 and 230 K within an accuracy of 0.1 K. A graded-Z radiation shield, also serving as a gas cold-trap operated at 120 K, is implemented to reduce the surface contamination of the CCD wind...

  4. Frame independence of the inhomogeneous mixmaster chaos via Misner-Chitre-like variables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benini, Riccardo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bologna and INFN, Sezione di Bologna, via Irnerio 46, 40126 Bologna (Italy); Montani, Giovanni [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Piazza Aldo Moro, 5 00185 Rome (Italy); ICRA-International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, c/o Dipartimento di Fisica (G9), Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Piazza Aldo Moro, 5 00185 Rome (Italy)

    2004-11-15

    We outline the covariant nature, with respect to the choice of a reference frame, of the chaos characterizing the generic cosmological solution near the initial singularity, i.e., the so-called inhomogeneous mixmaster model. Our analysis is based on a gauge independent Arnowitt-Deser-Misner reduction of the dynamics to the physical degrees of freedom. The resulting picture shows how the inhomogeneous mixmaster model is isomorphic point by point in space to a billiard on a Lobachevsky plane. Indeed, the existence of an asymptotic (energylike) constant of the motion allows one to construct the Jacobi metric associated with the geodesic flow and to calculate a nonzero Lyapunov exponent in each space point. The chaos covariance emerges from the independence of our scheme with respect to the form of the lapse function and the shift vector; the origin of this result relies on the dynamical decoupling of the space points which takes place near the singularity, due to the asymptotic approach of the potential term to infinite walls. At the ground of the obtained dynamical scheme is the choice of Misner-Chitre-like variables which allows one to fix the billiard potential walls.

  5. Performance of an LPD prototype detector at MHz frame rates under Synchrotron and FEL radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Andreas; Nicholls, Tim; Angelsen, Christian; Coughlan, John; French, Marcus; Hauf, Steffen; Kuster, Markus; Sztuk-Dambietz, Jolanta; Turcato, Monica; Carini, Gabriella A; Chollet, Matthieu; Herrmann, Sven C; Lemke, Henrik T; Nelson, Silke; Song, Sanghoon; Weaver, Matt; Zhu, Diling; Meents, Alke; Fischer, Pontus

    2013-01-01

    A MHz frame rate X-ray area detector (LPD - Large Pixel Detector) is under development by the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory for the European XFEL. The detector will have 1 million pixels and allows analogue storage of 512 images taken at 4.5 MHz in the detector front end. The LPD detector has 500 mm thick silicon sensor tiles that are bump bonded to a readout ASIC. The ASICs preamplifier provides relatively low noise at high speed which results in a high dynamic range of 10^5 photons over an energy range of 5-20 keV. Small scale prototypes of 32x256 pixels (LPD 2-Tile detector) and 256x256 pixels (LPD supermodule detector) are now available for X-ray tests. The performance of prototypes of the detector is reported for first tests under synchrotron radiation (PETRA III at DESY) and Free-Electron-Laser radiation (LCLS at SLAC). The initial performance of the detector in terms of signal range and noise, radiation hardness and spatial and temporal response are reported. The main result is that the 4.5 MHz sampli...

  6. Calculation of Eddy Currents In the CTH Vacuum Vessel and Coil Frame

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Zolfaghari, A. Brooks, A. Michaels, J. Hanson, and G. Hartwell

    2012-09-25

    Knowledge of eddy currents in the vacuum vessel walls and nearby conducting support structures can significantly contribute to the accuracy of Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equilibrium reconstruction in toroidal plasmas. Moreover, the magnetic fields produced by the eddy currents could generate error fields that may give rise to islands at rational surfaces or cause field lines to become chaotic. In the Compact Toroidal Hybrid (CTH) device (R0 = 0.75 m, a = 0.29 m, B ? 0.7 T), the primary driver of the eddy currents during the plasma discharge is the changing flux of the ohmic heating transformer. Electromagnetic simulations are used to calculate eddy current paths and profile in the vacuum vessel and in the coil frame pieces with known time dependent currents in the ohmic heating coils. MAXWELL and SPARK codes were used for the Electromagnetic modeling and simulation. MAXWELL code was used for detailed 3D finite-element analysis of the eddy currents in the structures. SPARK code was used to calculate the eddy currents in the structures as modeled with shell/surface elements, with each element representing a current loop. In both cases current filaments representing the eddy currents were prepared for input into VMEC code for MHD equilibrium reconstruction of the plasma discharge. __________________________________________________

  7. The Probabilistic Basis for the 2000 SAC/FEMA Steel Moment Frame C. Allin Cornell 1 , Member, ASCE, Fatemeh Jalayer 2 , Ronald O. Hamburger 3 , Member,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    , ASCE Abstract This paper presents a formal probabilistic framework for seismic design and assessment­based seismic design and assessment guidelines for steel moment frame buildings prepared by the SAC/FEMA program Probabilistic performance based design, steel moment resisting frame structures, performance objective

  8. The New York Times' Framing of Involvement of the Russian Federation in Arms and Nuclear Trade with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2009-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagiev, Artem

    2012-05-31

    This study examines the mediated portrait of nuclear and arms trade between Russia and Iran in The New York Times in 2009-2011, applying framing theory as a tool. I used three frames, pre-defined in earlier studies: attribution of responsibility...

  9. Case Study of Expected Seismic Performance of an Instrumented Steel Moment Frame Building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amore, Enzo D' [University 'Mediterranea' of Reggio Calabria, loc. Feo di Vito, 89100 Reggio Calabria (Italy); Astaneh-Asl, Abolhassan [University of California, Berkeley, 781 Davis Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-1710 (United States)

    2008-07-08

    A relevant number of modern welded steel structures suffered unexpected damage during the January 1994 Northridge earthquake. The damage of welded special moment resisting frames (W-SMRJF) typically involved the brittle fracture in the welded girder to column connection areas. In the aftermath of the Northridge earthquake the research and structural engineering communities addressed the issue of the seismic safety of damaged and undamaged W-SMRF's. However, even though seismic design codes in the United States were significantly revised after the Northridge quake, still there are hundreds of existing W-Serf's in the US and in other countries, designed and detailed according to pre-Northridge criteria. This work is a case study on seismic response of a W-SMRF instrumented by the California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program (CSMIP) which was shaken during the 1987 Whittier, 1991 Sierra Madre and 1994 Northridge earthquakes. A detailed finite element model of the structure is developed to analyze the building dynamic response during recorded strong motions. Model accuracy was assessed by comparing prediction of the analytical model with actual CSMIP response records. In order to assess its vulnerability in response to future and possibly stronger earthquakes, nonlinear analyses were conducted subjecting the model to the Newhall and Sylmar records of the 1994 Northridge and to the 1995 Kobe earthquakes. Analysis results show that the structure behaved linearly during these earthquakes. The predicted response to larger and more severe ground motions show that plastic deformation occur at many column ends and inelastic deformation demands exceed the expected capacity of the welded pre-Northridge beam-to-column connections.

  10. Effect of dietary calcium and phosphorus levels on performance and bone development of large-framed developing boars 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Robert Glen

    1975-01-01

    EFFECT OF DIETARY CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS LEVELS ON PERFORMANCE AND BONE DEVELOPMENT OF LARGE-FRAMED DEVELOPING BOARS A Thesis by ROBERT GLEN ROBINSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AQ4 University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject. : Animal Science EFFECT OF DIETARY CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS LEVELS ON PERFORMANCE AND BONE DEVELOPMENT OF LARGE-~ DEVELOPING BOARS A Thesis by ROBERT GLEN ROBINSON Approved...

  11. 9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images, Tables, Frames 9-1 Chapter 9: HTML/XHTML II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    ://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/] Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web Universit¨at Halle, 2004 #12;9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images specifications. · evaluate whether something is possible in HTML. Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web #12;9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images, Tables, Frames 9-4 Hypertext-Links: a (1) · The Web

  12. 9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images, Tables, Frames 9-1 Chapter 9: HTML/XHTML II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    ://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/] Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web Universit¨at Halle, 2006 #12;9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images specifications. · evaluate whether something is possible in HTML. Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web #12;9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images, Tables, Frames 9-4 Hypertext-Links: a (1) · The Web

  13. 9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images, Tables, Frames 9-1 Chapter 9: HTML/XHTML II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    ://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/] Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web Universit¨at Halle, 2011 #12;9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images specifications. · evaluate whether something is possible in HTML. Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web #12;9. HTML/XHTML II: Links, Images, Tables, Frames 9-4 Hypertext-Links: a (1) · The Web

  14. The framing of seventeenth-century men-of-war in England and other northern European countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batchvarov, Kroum Nickolaev

    2002-01-01

    . . . . . . 77 VI ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FROM SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY SHIPWRECKS . . 91 VII DUTCH SHIPBUILDING. . . . . 106 VIII FRENCH, DANISH AND SWEDISH SHIPBUILDING. . . . . . . . . 123 IX TIMBER SHORTAGF, AND THE DOUBLE FRAME. . . . . . . . . 147 CHAPTER... of the Stuart Royal family ? Prince Rupert of the Palatinate, one of the most experienced naval commanders and seamen of the time. The King, who was the driving power behind the expansion and growing professionalism of the navy, should be given much...

  15. Effect of column-to-beam strength ratio on earthquake resistance of RC moment frames using probabilistic performance-based design methodologies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dooley, Kara Lenee

    2001-01-01

    engineering for RC structures. Two different RC moment frames (three- and six-stories) are used as study buildings. Three different earthquake intensities (with return periods of 73, 475, and 2475 years) and two different building limit states (immediate...

  16. The Earth's Frame Dragging via Laser Ranged Satellites: a Response to 'Some considerations on the present-day results for the detection of frame-dragging after the final outcome of GP-B' by L. Iorio [arXiv:1105.4145

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Ries; I. Ciufolini; E. C. Pavlis; A. Paolozzi; R. Koenig; R. A. Matzner; G. Sindoniand H. Neumayer

    2013-05-13

    In this note, we reply to the preceding paper by Iorio: "Some considerations on the present-day results for the detection of frame-dragging after the final outcome of GP-B, Europhysics Letters", we address criticisms regarding the Lense-Thirring frame-dragging experiment results obtained from the laser ranging to the two LAGEOS satellites.

  17. Facts and Figures ReseaRch Teaching innovaTion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Oliver

    of designing research and education more efficiently, more flexibly, and more diversely.« Professor Eberhard for the strategic planning of KIT research. KIT Centers Energy NanoMicro Elementary Particle and Astroparticle of energy research. KIT will play a role in nanosciences that will be visible worldwide. KIT

  18. Prepared for National Aeronautics and Space '_dministr,_tion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . Vacuum Pumps and Instrumentation ................... 12 5. Wheel, Fender, Suspension System and Tilled they wear such cumbersomegloves, it would be impossible to clean dusty face plates; b) dust clouds could

  19. MARCH, 1977 MOSQUITO NEWS tion of insect growth regulators against

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Kandle al. 1967) SLE recognized until 1975, when sizeable epidemic swept many parts ofthe United States. Encomol. 66:913- 916. 5858 9 PAROUS RATES OF OVERWINTERING CULEX PIPIENS PmENS IN NEW JERSEY' MARC E. An outbreak in the Camden during 1964 resulted in 94 with 8 deaths (Goldfield al. 1965). After single in 1965

  20. Der Einsatz von Geoinforma-tions-Systemen ermglicht es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Heribert

    prog- nostizierten beschleunigten Meeresspiegelanstieg nicht mehr vom Management der Landnutzung des Überflu- tungsfläche in Bezug auf die Landnutzung im Wangerland (Screenshot) #12;eine Verschneidung der

  1. SANDIA COKPOK4TION SANDIA BASE, .QLDUQUERQUE. N. M.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Monthly/Effluent; Largo,623

  2. X-ray Diffraction and Multi-Frame Phase Contrast Imaging Diagnostics for IMPULSE at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iverson, Adam [National Security Technologies, LLC; Carlson, Carl [National Security Technologies, LLC; Young, Jason [National Security Technologies, LLC; Curtis, Alden [National Security Technologies, LLC; Jensen, Brian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ramos, Kyle [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yeager, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Montgomery, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fezza, Kamel [Argonne National Laboratory

    2013-07-08

    The diagnostic needs of any dynamic loading platform present unique technical challenges that must be addressed in order to accurately measure in situ material properties in an extreme environment. The IMPULSE platform (IMPact system for Ultrafast Synchrotron Experiments) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) is no exception and, in fact, may be more challenging, as the imaging diagnostics must be synchronized to both the experiment and the 60 ps wide x-ray bunches produced at APS. The technical challenges of time-resolved x-ray diffraction imaging and high-resolution multi-frame phase contrast imaging (PCI) are described in this paper. Example data from recent IMPULSE experiments are shown to illustrate the advances and evolution of these diagnostics with a focus on comparing the performance of two intensified CCD cameras and their suitability for multi-frame PCI. The continued development of these diagnostics is fundamentally important to IMPULSE and many other loading platforms and will benefit future facilities such as the Dynamic Compression Sector at APS and MaRIE at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

  3. Fast wire-mesh sensors for gas-liquid flows - Visualisation with up to 10 000 frames per second

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prasser, H.M.; Zschau, J. [Forschungszentrum Rossendorf e.V., P.O.Box 510119, D-01314 Dresden (Germany); Peters, D.; Pietzsch, G.; Taubert, W.; Trepte, M. [Teletronic Ingenieurbuero GmbH, Bautzner Landstrasse 45, D-01454 Grosserkmannsdorf (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    A wire-mesh sensor developed by the Forschungszentrum Rossendorf produces sequences of instantaneous gas fraction distributions in a cross section at a rate of up to 10 000 frames per second and a spatial resolution of about 2-3 mm. This sensor was applied to an upwards air-liquid flow in a vertical pipe of 51.2 mm diameter. After a brief introduction of the functioning of the sensor, the paper presents results obtained in a at vertical pipe operated with an air-water mixture. Two wire-mesh sensors with a measuring matrix of 24 x 24 points (resolution 2 mm) were placed in a small axial distance behind each other. They were used to study the flow structure in the transition region from bubble to slug flow at an imaging frequency of 2 500 Hz. The two available measuring planes allowed to obtain velocity profiles of the gaseous phase. A sensor with 16 x 16 points (resolution 3 mm) was applied to visualize the transition from bubbly via churn turbulent to annular flow with 10 000 frames per second. In the churn flow region, periodic plug-like structures were found. In the annular flow the sensor is able to resolve wispy structures. (authors)

  4. Archaeological investigations using geophysics at Chimney Rock Great House, Colorado Michael A. Mitchell, Sarah G.R. Devriese, Roxanna N. Frary, Richard A. Krahenbuhl, Brenda K. Todd,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archaeological investigations using geophysics at Chimney Rock Great House, Colorado Michael A of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder SUMMARY In this talk, we present results from a geophysical investiga- tion at the Chimney Rock Great House using

  5. 30 ASHRAEJournal ashrae.org May2007 High-Performance Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    30 ASHRAEJournal ashrae.org May2007 High-Performance Schools John Fischer is director of research is the executive director of facilities, Floyd County Board of Education, Rome, Ga. About the Authors School HVAC research investiga- tion conducted for school facilities. Spon- sored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE

  6. Pulse shaping for optimal control of molecular processes Taiwang Cheng and Alex Browna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Alex

    Pulse shaping for optimal control of molecular processes Taiwang Cheng and Alex Browna Department quantum process.9­16 The optimal control investiga- tion of a laser driven system can be viewed. The goals of optimal control are twofold: first, to achieve some desired quantum process with the help

  7. Vol. 56 -No. 4 February 8, 2002 NIST, Dow Scientists Reveal Catalysts' Private Lives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a single-step, environmen- tally friendly way. To help in their investiga- tions, they have designed done by testing different chemicals and choosing the one with the best results," says Daniel Fischer cleaner and more ef- ficient catalysts for propylene oxidation." To study the role of two types

  8. Unified Field Theory From Enlarged Transformation Group. The Covariant Derivative for Conservative Coordinate Transformations and Local Frame Transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Lee Green

    2009-08-25

    Pandres has developed a theory in which the geometrical structure of a real four-dimensional space-time is expressed by a real orthonormal tetrad, and the group of diffeomorphisms is replaced by a larger group called the conservation group. This paper extends the geometrical foundation for Pandres' theory by developing an appropriate covariant derivative which is covariant under all local Lorentz (frame) transformations, including complex Lorentz transformations, as well as conservative transformations. After defining this extended covariant derivative, an appropriate Lagrangian and its resulting field equations are derived. As in Pandres' theory, these field equations result in a stress-energy tensor that has terms which may automatically represent the electroweak field. Finally, the theory is extended to include 2-spinors and 4-spinors.

  9. Quantum optics in a non-inertial reference frame: the Rabi splitting in a rotating ring cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheng-Wen Li; Z. H. Wang; Lan Zhou; C. P. Sun

    2015-07-31

    We study quantum optics with the atoms coupled to the quantized electromagnetic (EM) field in a non-inertial reference frame by making use of quantum field theory in curved spacetime. We rigorously establish the microscopic model for a two-level atom interacting with the quantized EM field in a rotating ring cavity by deriving a Jaynes-Cummings (JC) type Hamiltonian. Due to the two fold degeneracy of the ring cavity modes, the Rabi splitting exhibits three rather than two resonant frequency peaks. We find that the heights of the two side peaks show a sensitive linear dependence on the rotating velocity. This high sensitivity can be utilized to detect the angular velocity of the whole system.

  10. High-frame rate, fast neutron imaging of two-phase flow in a thin rectangular channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zboray, R; Dangendorf, V; Stark, M; Tittelmeier, K; Cortesi, M; Adams, R

    2015-01-01

    We have demonstrated the feasibility of performing high-frame-rate, fast neutron radiography of air-water two-phase flows in a thin channel with rectangular cross section. The experiments have been carried out at the accelerator facility of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt. A polychromatic, high-intensity fast neutron beam with average energy of 6 MeV was produced by 11.5 MeV deuterons hitting a thick Be target. Image sequences down to 10 millisecond exposure times were obtained using a fast-neutron imaging detector developed in the context of fast-neutron resonance imaging. Different two-phase flow regimes such as bubbly slug and churn flows have been examined. Two phase flow parameters like the volumetric gas fraction, bubble size and bubble velocities have been measured. The first results are promising, improvements for future experiments are also discussed.

  11. Radio-optical reference frame link using the U.S. Naval observatory astrograph and deep CCD imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zacharias, N.; Zacharias, M. I.

    2014-05-01

    Between 1997 and 2004 several observing runs were conducted, mainly with the CTIO 0.9 m, to image International Celestial Reference Frame (ICRF) counterparts (mostly QSOs) in order to determine accurate optical positions. Contemporary to these deep CCD images, the same fields were observed with the U.S. Naval Observatory astrograph in the same bandpass. They provide accurate positions on the Hipparcos/Tycho-2 system for stars in the 10-16 mag range used as reference stars for the deep CCD imaging data. Here we present final optical position results of 413 sources based on reference stars obtained by dedicated astrograph observations that were reduced following two different procedures. These optical positions are compared to radio very long baseline interferometry positions. The current optical system is not perfectly aligned to the ICRF radio system with rigid body rotation angles of 3-5 mas (= 3? level) found between them for all three axes. Furthermore, statistically, the optical-radio position differences are found to exceed the total, combined, known errors in the observations. Systematic errors in the optical reference star positions and physical offsets between the centers of optical and radio emissions are both identified as likely causes. A detrimental, astrophysical, random noise component is postulated to be on about the 10 mas level. If confirmed by future observations, this could severely limit the Gaia to ICRF reference frame alignment accuracy to an error of about 0.5 mas per coordinate axis with the current number of sources envisioned to provide the link. A list of 36 ICRF sources without the detection of an optical counterpart to a limiting magnitude of about R = 22 is provided as well.

  12. Dose-to-water conversion for the backscatter-shielded EPID: A frame-based method to correct for EPID energy response to MLC transmitted radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zwan, Benjamin J. O’Connor, Daryl J.; King, Brian W.; Greer, Peter B.

    2014-08-15

    Purpose: To develop a frame-by-frame correction for the energy response of amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (a-Si EPIDs) to radiation that has transmitted through the multileaf collimator (MLC) and to integrate this correction into the backscatter shielded EPID (BSS-EPID) dose-to-water conversion model. Methods: Individual EPID frames were acquired using a Varian frame grabber and iTools acquisition software then processed using in-house software developed inMATLAB. For each EPID image frame, the region below the MLC leaves was identified and all pixels in this region were multiplied by a factor of 1.3 to correct for the under-response of the imager to MLC transmitted radiation. The corrected frames were then summed to form a corrected integrated EPID image. This correction was implemented as an initial step in the BSS-EPID dose-to-water conversion model which was then used to compute dose planes in a water phantom for 35 IMRT fields. The calculated dose planes, with and without the proposed MLC transmission correction, were compared to measurements in solid water using a two-dimensional diode array. Results: It was observed that the integration of the MLC transmission correction into the BSS-EPID dose model improved agreement between modeled and measured dose planes. In particular, the MLC correction produced higher pass rates for almost all Head and Neck fields tested, yielding an average pass rate of 99.8% for 2%/2 mm criteria. A two-sample independentt-test and fisher F-test were used to show that the MLC transmission correction resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the mean and the standard deviation of the gamma values, respectively, to give a more accurate and consistent dose-to-water conversion. Conclusions: The frame-by-frame MLC transmission response correction was shown to improve the accuracy and reduce the variability of the BSS-EPID dose-to-water conversion model. The correction may be applied as a preprocessing step in any pretreatment portal dosimetry calculation and has been shown to be beneficial for highly modulated IMRT fields.

  13. Last Topics #1: A broader look at reference frame theory There are some additional topics that are appropriate to include in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    at reference frame theory." 1.0 Introduction You recall that in developing a model for the synchronous machine (voltages, currents, and flux linkages) associated with the stator windings of a synchronous machine from the voltage equations of the synchronous machine which occur due to (1) electric circuits

  14. Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 3rd A Frame Problem Approach for Adaptive Cyber Security Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tappert, Charles

    Problem Approach for Adaptive Cyber Security Design R. Shaikh, T. Bryla, and S. Ahmed Pace University in the context of network security counteraction against cyber-attacks. A simple simulator is designed extensions of this work. Key words: Frame Problem; Cyber-security Introduction With the growing popularity

  15. Development of a high-frame-rate high-resolution particle image velocimetry system and applications to the characterization of synthetic jet actuators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilarranz, Jose Luis

    1998-01-01

    to 3,000 frames per second and a maximum image resolution of 512 by 512 pixels. The performance of these systems was demonstrated by utilizing them to experimentally characterize the flowfield generated by a synthetic jet actuator, operating at a...

  16. Ultra-scale vehicle tracking in low spatial-resolution and low frame-rate overhead video

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrano, C J

    2009-05-20

    Overhead persistent surveillance systems are becoming more capable at acquiring wide-field image sequences for long time-spans. The need to exploit this data is becoming ever greater. The ability to track a single vehicle of interest or to track all the observable vehicles, which may number in the thousands, over large, cluttered regions while they persist in the imagery either in real-time or quickly on-demand is very desirable. With this ability we can begin to answer a number of interesting questions such as, what are normal traffic patterns in a particular region or where did that truck come from? There are many challenges associated with processing this type of data, some of which we will address in the paper. Wide-field image sequences are very large with many thousands of pixels on a side and are characterized by lower resolutions (e.g. worse than 0.5 meters/pixel) and lower frame rates (e.g. a few Hz or less). The objects in the scenery can vary in size, density, and contrast with respect to the background. At the same time the background scenery provides a number of clutter sources both man-made and natural. We describe our current implementation of an ultrascale capable multiple-vehicle tracking algorithm for overhead persistent surveillance imagery as well as discuss the tracking and timing performance of the currently implemented algorithm which is aimed at utilizing grayscale electrooptical image sequences alone for the track segment generation.

  17. Causal equivalence of frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Troy Lee, IV

    2006-10-30

    takes place, the area of digital signal processing (DSP) provides many techniques for manipulating this digital data. For example, techniques for providing a digital low- pass filter can be used to separate an intended signal from potential noise as well... Gram-Schmidt algorithm, there exists an orthonormal basis of the form Y circleplus tildewide for H circleplus tildewide and an invertible lower triangular (with respect to E) L such that thetaY circlepluseY = LthetaXcircleplus eX. Therefore we have...

  18. Framing, Death, and Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    now sending more troops to Iraq, despite the fact that hishe is doing it? To give Iraq a government that responds toWednesday is not whether Iraq will have a democracy, but

  19. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergy (AZ, CA,EnergystudentThis Tuesday, September7/20/2012 EV

  20. The rest mass of a system of two photons in different inertial reference frames: 0+0=0 and 0+0>0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berhard Rothenstein; Doru P?unescu; ?tefan Popescu

    2007-08-31

    We show that the rest mass of a system consisting of two photons is a relativistic invariant having the same magnitude in all inertial reference frames in relative motion. A scenario which starts with two photons where theirs frequencies are equal to each other the magnitude of the rest mass of the system depends on the angle made by the momentums of the two photons. The behavior of the photons when detected from two inertial reference frames is illustrated using a relativistic diagram which displays in true values the physical quantities (scalar and vector) introduced in order to characterize the dynamical properties of the photon. We consider that the obtained results should be taken in the discussions, some time fierce, between those who ban the concept of relativistic mass and those who consider that its use is harmless.

  1. Environmental assessment operation of the HB-Line facility and frame waste recovery process for production of Pu-238 oxide at the Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA), DOE/EA-0948, addressing future operations of the HB-Line facility and the Frame Waste Recovery process at the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, South Carolina. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, DOE has concluded that, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required, and is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact.

  2. 2050-7488(2013)1:18;1-W ISSN 2050-7488

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    on the design, synthesis, and modica- tion of metal­organic frame- works for gas storage, separations applications, including gas storage, separa- tion and catalysis. a Department of Chemistry, Northwestern

  3. Subaru Deep Survey III. Evolution of Rest-Frame Luminosity Functions Based on the Photometric Redshifts for A K'-band Selected Galaxy Sample

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobunari Kashikawa; Tadafumi Takata; Youichi Ohyama; Michitoshi Yoshida; Toshinori Maihara; Fumihide Iwamuro; Kentaro Motohara; Tomonori Totani; Masahiro Nagashima; Kazuhiro Shimasaku; Hisanori Furusawa; Masami Ouchi; Masafumi Yagi; Sadanori Okamura; Masanori Iye; Toshiyuki Sasaki; George Kosugi; Kentaro Aoki; Fumiaki Nakata

    2002-10-14

    We have constructed a very deep K'-selected multicolor BVRIz'JK' sample of 439 field galaxies. Photometric redshifts for sample galaxies were estimated. The overall redshift distribution N(z) for the K'2. The photometric redshift and the best-fit SED model evaluations allow the derivation of the rest-frame K', B, and UV(2000A) luminosity functions (LFs) and their evolutions. The rest-K' LF shows almost no evolution up to z=3, while the rest B LF shows mild luminosity evolution, and the rest UV LF shows strong luminosity evolution. This trend corresponds to the evolution of the rest UV-K' color, which gets bluer with increasing redshift. We also found that more massive galaxies are redder in this rest-frame color in every epoch. The rest-UV LF of our K'-selected galaxies shows a much shallower faint end slope at z=3 than that of previous estimations for rest-UV selected Lyman break galaxies. As a consequence, the contribution to the global star formation rate of our K'-selected galaxies is about 42% of that derived from the integration of LF of Lyman break galaxies at z=3. This result suggests that a large fraction of the star formation rate density at z>1.5 comes from the contribution from the faint (M_2000A>-20) blue galaxy population at high redshift universe that have not yet obviously been identified. (abridged)

  4. High resolution telescope including an array of elemental telescopes aligned along a common axis and supported on a space frame with a pivot at its geometric center

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norbert, M.A.; Yale, O.

    1992-04-28

    A large effective-aperture, low-cost optical telescope with diffraction-limited resolution enables ground-based observation of near-earth space objects. The telescope has a non-redundant, thinned-aperture array in a center-mount, single-structure space frame. It employes speckle interferometric imaging to achieve diffraction-limited resolution. The signal-to-noise ratio problem is mitigated by moving the wavelength of operation to the near-IR, and the image is sensed by a Silicon CCD. The steerable, single-structure array presents a constant pupil. The center-mount, radar-like mount enables low-earth orbit space objects to be tracked as well as increases stiffness of the space frame. In the preferred embodiment, the array has elemental telescopes with subaperture of 2.1 m in a circle-of-nine configuration. The telescope array has an effective aperture of 12 m which provides a diffraction-limited resolution of 0.02 arc seconds. Pathlength matching of the telescope array is maintained by a electro-optical system employing laser metrology. Speckle imaging relaxes pathlength matching tolerance by one order of magnitude as compared to phased arrays. Many features of the telescope contribute to substantial reduction in costs. These include eliminating the conventional protective dome and reducing on-site construction activities. The cost of the telescope scales with the first power of the aperture rather than its third power as in conventional telescopes. 15 figs.

  5. High resolution telescope including an array of elemental telescopes aligned along a common axis and supported on a space frame with a pivot at its geometric center

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Norbert, Massie A. (San Ramon, CA); Yale, Oster (Danville, CA)

    1992-01-01

    A large effective-aperture, low-cost optical telescope with diffraction-limited resolution enables ground-based observation of near-earth space objects. The telescope has a non-redundant, thinned-aperture array in a center-mount, single-structure space frame. It employes speckle interferometric imaging to achieve diffraction-limited resolution. The signal-to-noise ratio problem is mitigated by moving the wavelength of operation to the near-IR, and the image is sensed by a Silicon CCD. The steerable, single-structure array presents a constant pupil. The center-mount, radar-like mount enables low-earth orbit space objects to be tracked as well as increases stiffness of the space frame. In the preferred embodiment, the array has elemental telescopes with subaperture of 2.1 m in a circle-of-nine configuration. The telescope array has an effective aperture of 12 m which provides a diffraction-limited resolution of 0.02 arc seconds. Pathlength matching of the telescope array is maintained by a electro-optical system employing laser metrology. Speckle imaging relaxes pathlength matching tolerance by one order of magnitude as compared to phased arrays. Many features of the telescope contribute to substantial reduction in costs. These include eliminating the conventional protective dome and reducing on-site construction activities. The cost of the telescope scales with the first power of the aperture rather than its third power as in conventional telescopes.

  6. Role of nuclear dynamics in the Asymmetric molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions for C 1s photoejection from CO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyabe, Shungo; Haxton, Dan; Rescigno, Tom; McCurdy, Bill

    2010-11-30

    We report the results of semiclassical calculations of the asymmetric molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions for C 1s ionization of CO{sub 2} measured with respect to the CO{sup +} and O{sup +} ions produced by subsequent Auger decay, and show how the decay event can be used to probe ultrafast molecular dynamics of the transient cation. The fixed-nuclei photoionization amplitudes were constructed using variationally obtained electron-molecular ion scattering wave functions. The amplitudes are then used in a semiclassical manner to investigate their dependence on the nuclear dynamics of the cation. The method introduced here can be used to study other core-level ionization events.

  7. Electron-impact excitation of Fe{sup 2+}: A comparison of intermediate coupling frame transformation, Breit-Pauli and Dirac R-matrix calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Badnell, N. R.; Ballance, C. P.

    2014-04-20

    Modeling the spectral emission of low-charge iron group ions enables the diagnostic determination of the local physical conditions of many cool plasma environments such as those found in H II regions, planetary nebulae, active galactic nuclei, etc. Electron-impact excitation drives the population of the emitting levels and, hence, their emissivities. By carrying-out Breit-Pauli and intermediate coupling frame transformation (ICFT) R-matrix calculations for the electron-impact excitation of Fe{sup 2+}, which both use the exact same atomic structure and the same close-coupling expansion, we demonstrate the validity of the application of the powerful ICFT method to low-charge iron group ions. This is in contradiction to the finding of Bautista et al., who carried-out ICFT and Dirac R-matrix calculations for the same ion. We discuss possible reasons.

  8. Side-by-side evaluation of a stressed-skin insulated-core panel house and a conventional stud-frame house. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.; Chandra, S.

    1994-01-14

    Side-by-side energy testing and monitoring was conducted on two houses in Louisville, KY between January--March 1993. Both houses were identical except that one house was constructed with conventional US 2 by 4 studs and a truss roof while the other house was constructed with stress-skin insulated core panels for the walls and second floor ceiling. Air-tightness testing included fan pressurization by blower door, hour long tracer tests using sulphur hexafluoride, and two-week long time-averaged tests using perfluorocarbon tracers. An average of all the air-tightness test results showed the SSIC panel house to have 22 percent less air infiltration than the frame house. Air-tightness testing resulted in a recommendation that both houses have a fresh air ventilation system installed to provide 0.35 air changes per hour continuously. Thermal insulation quality testing was by infrared imaging. Pressure differential testing resulted in recommendations to use sealed combustion appliances, and to allow for more return air flow from closed rooms. This can be accomplished by separate return ducts or transfer ducts which simply connect closed rooms to the main body with a short duct. The SSIC house UA was lower in both cases. By measurement, co-heating tests showed the SSIC panel house total UA to be 12 percent lower than the frame house. Short-term energy monitoring was also conducted for the two houses. A 17 day period of electric heating and a 14 day period of gas furnace heating was evaluated. Monitoring results showed energy savings for the panel house to be 12 percent during electric heating and 15 percent during gas heating. A comparison of the two monitoring periods showed that the lumped efficiency of the gas furnace and air distribution system for both houses was close to 80 percent. Simple regression models using Typical Meteorological Year weather data gave a preliminary prediction of seasonal energy savings between 14 and 20 percent.

  9. An investigation of the rolling characteristics of two general aviation airplanes for the landing approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chevalier, Howard Louis

    1971-01-01

    . S. , ARM College of Texas Directed By: Dr. Hilliam P. Jones This report presents the results of a flight test investiga- tion to determine the rolling characteristics of two general avia- tion airplanes: a DeHavilland Beaver DHC-2 and a... for their untiring work and efforts to develop the Laboratory at Texas A&M University in to an excellent facility for conducting full scale flight tests research. I would also like to express my appreciation to Dr, W. P. Jones, Mr. H. E. Whitmore, and Professor A...

  10. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SPECTROSCOPICALLY CONFIRMED GALAXIES AT z {>=} 6. I. BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REST-FRAME UV CONTINUUM AND Ly{alpha} EMISSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Linhua; Mechtley, Matthew; Cohen, Seth H.; Windhorst, Rogier A.; Egami, Eiichi; Fan Xiaohui; Dave, Romeel; Finlator, Kristian; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ouchi, Masami; Shimasaku, Kazuhiro

    2013-08-01

    We present deep Hubble Space Telescope near-IR and Spitzer mid-IR observations of a large sample of spectroscopically confirmed galaxies at z {>=} 6. The sample consists of 51 Ly{alpha} emitters (LAEs) at z {approx_equal} 5.7, 6.5, and 7.0, and 16 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at 5.9 {<=} z {<=} 6.5. The near-IR images were mostly obtained with WFC3 in the F125W and F160W bands, and the mid-IR images were obtained with IRAC in the 3.6 {mu}m and 4.5 {mu}m bands. Our galaxies also have deep optical imaging data from Subaru Suprime-Cam. We utilize the multi-band data and secure redshifts to derive their rest-frame UV properties. These galaxies have steep UV-continuum slopes roughly between {beta} {approx_equal} -1.5 and -3.5, with an average value of {beta} {approx_equal} -2.3, slightly steeper than the slopes of LBGs in previous studies. The slope shows little dependence on UV-continuum luminosity except for a few of the brightest galaxies. We find a statistically significant excess of galaxies with slopes around {beta} {approx_equal} -3, suggesting the existence of very young stellar populations with extremely low metallicity and dust content. Our galaxies have moderately strong rest-frame Ly{alpha} equivalent width (EW) in a range of {approx}10 to {approx}200 A. The star formation rates are also moderate, from a few to a few tens of solar masses per year. The LAEs and LBGs in this sample share many common properties, implying that LAEs represent a subset of LBGs with strong Ly{alpha} emission. Finally, the comparison of the UV luminosity functions between LAEs and LBGs suggests that there exists a substantial population of faint galaxies with weak Ly{alpha} emission (EW < 20 A) that could be the dominant contribution to the total ionizing flux at z {>=} 6.

  11. Apogee Imaging Systems Alta F42 CCD Camera with Back Illuminated EV2 CCD42-The Apogee Alta F42 CCD Camera has a back-illuminated full frame 4 megapixel EV2 CCD42-40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    Apogee Imaging Systems Alta F42 CCD Camera with Back Illuminated EV2 CCD42- 40 Sensor The Apogee Alta F42 CCD Camera has a back-illuminated full frame 4 megapixel EV2 CCD42-40 sensor with very high readout speeds. The Alta line continues to support a wide variety of front-illuminated, back

  12. A Study of Interstellar Gas and Stars in the Gravitationally Lensed Galaxy `The Cosmic Eye' from Rest-Frame Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quider, Anna M; Pettini, Max; Steidel, Charles C; Stark, Daniel P

    2009-01-01

    We report the results of a study of the rest-frame UV spectrum of the Cosmic Eye, a luminous Lyman break galaxy at z=3.07331 gravitationally lensed by a factor of 25. The spectrum, recorded with the ESI spectrograph on the Keck II telescope, is rich in absorption features from the gas and massive stars in this galaxy. The interstellar absorption lines are resolved into two components of approximately equal strength and each spanning several hundred km/s in velocity. One component has a net blueshift of -70 km/s relative to the stars and H II regions and presumably arises in a galaxy-scale outflow similar to those seen in most star-forming galaxies at z = 2-3. The other is more unusual in showing a mean redshift of +350 km/s relative to the systemic redshift; possible interpretations include a merging clump, or material ejected by a previous star formation episode and now falling back onto the galaxy, or more simply a chance alignment with a foreground galaxy. In the metal absorption lines, both components onl...

  13. Joint strength in RCS frames 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Cynthia Dawn

    1998-01-01

    with the addition of a compositely attached reinforced concrete (RC) slab. To carry out this objective, a series of 2/3 to near full-scale models for low-rise to mid-rise construction were designed according to published guidelines for RCS moment connections...

  14. Frame dragging with optical vortices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strohaber, James

    2011-12-22

    General Relativistic calculations in the linear regime have been made for electromagnetic beams of radiation known as optical vortices. These exotic beams of light carry a physical quantity known as optical orbital angular momentum (OAM...

  15. Software Quality Assurance Problem frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Charles

    report-world a c a b a: RW!{WorldInfo} b: IR!{Queries}, IS!{Reports} c: IR!{DisplayState} "When world sends report... causing appropriate change in display state." #12;Information problem real world: may world interpreted by sensor or "data-entry" person real world a: S!{SensorData} b: RW!{WorldData} b

  16. Megaform : a frame of opposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pugh, John T

    2010-01-01

    The city is no more, only an endless urban corridor remains. As our cities have grown outwards over the past 100 years civic identity has been destroyed and the public realm has been lost. Inexpensive land values, the ...

  17. 70002-MAPPER FAB FRAME ASSY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-InspiredAtmosphericdevicesPPONeApril351APPLICATION OFsafer The mp4

  18. Framing the Energy Technology Menu

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets 9,WhyConsumption6 Weekly5DataFuture of

  19. Framing the Energy Technology Menu

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets 9,WhyConsumption6 Weekly5DataFuture ofGame

  20. SU-E-T-106: Development of a Collision Prediction Algorithm for Determining Problematic Geometry for SBRT Treatments Using a Stereotactic Body Frame

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagar, M; Friesen, S; Mannarino, E

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Collision between the gantry and the couch or patient during Radiotherapy is not a common concern for conventional RT (static fields or arc). With the increase in the application of stereotactic planning techniques to the body, collisions have become a greater concern. Non-coplanar beam geometry is desirable in stereotatic treatments in order to achieve sharp gradients and a high conformality. Non-coplanar geometry is less intuitive in the body and often requires an iterative process of planning and dry runs to guarantee deliverability. Methods: Purpose written software was developed in order to predict the likelihood of collision between the head of the gantry and the couch, patient or stereotatic body frame. Using the DICOM plan and structures set, exported by the treatment planning system, this software is able to predict the possibility of a collision. Given the plan's isocenter, treatment geometry and exterior contours, the software is able to determine if a particular beam/arc is clinically deliverable or if collision is imminent. Results: The software was tested on real world treatment plans with untreatable beam geometry. Both static non-coplanar and VMAT plans were tested. Of these, the collision prediction software could identify all as having potentially problematic geometry. Re-plans of the same cases were also tested and validated as deliverable. Conclusion: This software is capable of giving good initial indication of deliverability for treatment plans that utilize complex geometry (SBRT) or have lateral isocenters. This software is not intended to replace the standard pre-treatment QA dry run. The effectiveness is limited to those portions of the patient and immobilization devices that have been included in the simulation CT and contoured in the planning system. It will however aid the planner in reducing the iterations required to create complex treatment geometries necessary to achieve ideal conformality and organ sparing.

  1. RELATIVISTIC JETS IN THE RADIO REFERENCE FRAME IMAGE DATABASE. II. BLAZAR JET ACCELERATIONS FROM THE FIRST 10 YEARS OF DATA (1994-2003)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piner, B. G.; Marvin, C. J.; Arenson, J. G.; Pushkarev, A. B.; Fey, A. L.

    2012-10-20

    We analyze blazar jet apparent speeds and accelerations from the RDV series of astrometric and geodetic very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) experiments. From these experiments, we have produced and analyzed 2753 global VLBI images of 68 sources at 8 GHz with a median beam size of 0.9 milliarcseconds (mas) and a median of 43 epochs per source. From this sample, we analyze the motions of 225 jet components in 66 sources. The distribution of the fastest measured apparent speed in each source has a median of 8.3c and a maximum of 44c. Sources in the 2FGL Fermi LAT catalog display higher apparent speeds than those that have not been detected. On average, components farther from the core in a given source have significantly higher apparent speeds than components closer to the core; for example, for a typical source, components at {approx}3 mas from the core ({approx}15 pc projected at z {approx} 0.5) have apparent speeds about 50% higher than those of components at {approx}1 mas from the core ({approx}5 pc projected at z {approx} 0.5). We measure accelerations of components in orthogonal directions parallel and perpendicular to their average velocity vector. Parallel accelerations have significantly larger magnitudes than perpendicular accelerations, implying that observed accelerations are predominantly due to changes in the Lorentz factor (bulk or pattern) rather than projection effects from jet bending. Positive parallel accelerations are significantly more common than negative ones, so the Lorentz factor (bulk or pattern) tends to increase on the scales observed here. Observed parallel accelerations correspond to modest source frame increases in the bulk or pattern Lorentz factor.

  2. NASA's satellite orbit anomaly problem can be solved precisely in the frame of Einstein's special theory of relativity. Anomaly confirms that gravity fields propagate with velocity of light as Einstein predicted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor M. Bogdan

    2009-10-17

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory put on You Tube a problem that has been baffling the scientists for sometime. It involves an unexpected force acting on the space probes. The author proves that NASA'S satellite orbit anomaly problem can be solved in the frame of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity. The anomaly confirms that gravity fields propagate with velocity of light as Einstein predicted. The proof is based on the authors discovery of the relativistic version of Newton's gravity field. The author provides formulas for relativistic equation of motion for a spacecraft in the joint gravitational field of the Earth and the Sun in a Lorentzian frame attached to the Earth. The formulas are suitable for digital computers and can be easily implemented. He also shows how to find solutions of the relativistic equations of motion for the spacecraft.

  3. Political Decentraliza tion in Socialist France: Alternative Theories--AIternative Struggles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rousseau, Mark O.; Hunt, Scott

    1986-01-01

    their basic assumptions in order to explore the:':~F, analytical utility of an alternative perspective, social capital. Weo~~~~ hold that the following assumptions produce a different, fuller,:~E, and more satisfactory interpretation of political... their basic assumptions in order to explore the:':~F, analytical utility of an alternative perspective, social capital. Weo~~~~ hold that the following assumptions produce a different, fuller,:~E, and more satisfactory interpretation of political...

  4. Most fishery management regula-tions are based on estimation of re-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on population dynamics rarely deals directly with catchability per se. For most production models and cohort Y. Ye)): yye@safat.kisr.edu.kw Manuscript accepted 25 June 1998. Fish. Bull. 97:702­712 (1999. Groger. 1989. Diurnal variation in catchability of several fish spe- cies in the North Sea. ICES Council

  5. The Mancuso Collection in UNLV's Special Collec-tions contains photographs that were taken and arranged

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    a cinematic 1970s Vegas. Like the shards of a fractured mirror, this archive of pictures reflect Scouted An Inadvertent Archive from the Search for a Cinematic Vegas Catherine Borg ABSTRACT: This paper Archive from the Search for a Cinematic Vegas." Occasional Paper Series, 31. Las Vegas: Center for Gaming

  6. Access Program 13 Account, ApprlC8tion of Paymentto ___ 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, Sharon Lafferty

    Registration 6 Notices and ServIces 15 On-Leave - Graduate Students 12 Overload Guidelines 10 Phone Directory 3 Student Directory rnformation (Release ~ 18 Student 10 card (Husky Card) 15 Student Insurance 8, 14) ___ 11 Washington Public Interest Research Group (WashPIRG) 15 Washington State Employees Tuition

  7. lunar signals. Ongoing tree-ring collec-tions should eventually provide more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biology and The Ecology Center, Utah State University The natural distribution of species is molded to a large extent agreement BSR-8115316, A03, with the U.S. Department of Energy under contract t)E-AC05-840R21400 with Martin

  8. 2010NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature immunology aDVaNCE ONLINE PUBLICaTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    , often destructive, inflammatory processes8. Like other blood cells, neutrophils originate from self-renewing-term hematopoietic stem cells that have limited self-renewal capacity and give rise to multi- potent progenitors9-promoting cytokines14. However, activation of NF-B is also known to be critical for innate and adaptive immu- nity15

  9. Neutron Capture in Dy and Yb Isotopes: Implica tions for the sProcess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rauscher, Thomas

    V, and a time resolution of ¸0.5 ns. The fl­ray efficieny is better than 90% over the entire energy range up

  10. I. CHEM E. SYMPOSIUM SERIES NO.48 DE1OS1TION --THE GEOTHERMAL CONSTRAINT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gudmundsson, Jon Steinar

    are discussed briefly including; total flow systems, district heating, power generation, heat exchangers plant based on naturally occurringsteam was built in 1904 at the Lardereilo field in Italy (5 hydrothermalconvection systems and account for virtually all the geothermal energyutilised by man (i). Conduction areas

  11. tion at higher temperatures. Imre et al. (p. 205; see the Perspective by Cowburn) fabricated and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    , molecules in gas or solution phase are in constant, random motion. Thus, the Plasmons in Optoelectronics have revealed precisely in what order, and at what rate, individual bonds are made and broken. However

  12. 91OlIJTHWEST 'FORET ~ RANGE JEXJPJERlMIENT TA"JfTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Inches Inches Percent Percent Percen t Percent Years Bluegum l eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) 25 0.61 3.1 -- ,100 0 0 0 - - Ohia-lehua (Metrosideros -colI ina) 26 .73 4 . 2 .9 73 27 0 0 5.0* Robusta eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta) 25 .57 3.6 1.0 56 36 8 0 4.5* Saligna eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sal i gna) 25 1.03 4.1 1

  13. tion in Mugil cephalus Lin. Compo Biochem. Physio!. 51A:125-131.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a seasonal cycle of gametogenic activity that is conditioned by tem- perature and is linked with the storage Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T lW5, Canada 498 EFFECTS OF A THERMAL DISCHARGE ON REPRODUCTIVE CYCLES IN MYTILUS EDULIS AND MYTILUS CALIFORNIANUS (MOLLUSCA, BIVAiVIA) One principal concern about thermal

  14. DIGITAL CHROMATOGRAPHY AND THE FORMA-TION OF HETEROGENEOUS DROPLET LIBRARIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Amar S.

    by a droplet generator placed immediately after the column. A prototype, comprised of a C18 cartridge, showing a C18 cartridge loaded with red and yellow dyes, and a plastic cross-junction droplet generator components: a C18 sep-pak cartridge, a droplet generator, and two fiber-optic absorbance detectors. The C18

  15. fied fragments of cloned alleles were used for size determina-tion at the respective loci.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    in coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) and the analysis of coconut populations in Sri Lanka L. PERERA, J. R. RUSSELL, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK Keywords: coconut, Cocos nucifera, SSR, microsatellite Received 14 September.Russell@scri.sari.ac.uk The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera L. is a major plantation crop and the most important palm of the wet tropics

  16. Los Libertadores: Science and Technology Educa-tion in Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and services. No country can ignore the benefits and opportunities to transform society that are available the challenges of this new century. Metrics involved with IT policies are necessary instruments to induce market market forces and secure a better development for the new generations of the XXI century. For nations

  17. maintenance. This research is relevant to opera-tions and maintenance challenges facing aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    equipment in diverse applications such as the national power generation infrastructure. indus- trial-benefit of extending the time between overhauls. reducing the probability of a failure in the field. and preventive. Prognostics offer the promise of mini- mizing failures (especially failures in the field). extendingthe time

  18. The serious outbreaks of bacterial infec-tion that are increasingly being reported are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kishony, Roy

    over such outbreaks is the emergence and worldwide spread of antibiotic-resistance genes. For example- mation is required to direct strategic efforts towards control of the crisis. Increasing lines and animals, as well as those found in the environ- ment (in soil, water and so on). However

  19. MEMORANDUM FOR SCOTI L. SAMUELSON MANAGER OFFICE OF RIVER PROTE~TION ~

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousandReport) | SciTech ConnectFuture3, BPADepartment

  20. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SPECTROSCOPICALLY CONFIRMED GALAXIES AT z {>=} 6. II. MORPHOLOGY OF THE REST-FRAME UV CONTINUUM AND Ly{alpha} EMISSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Linhua; Windhorst, Rogier A.; Cohen, Seth H.; Mechtley, Matthew; Egami, Eiichi; Fan Xiaohui; Dave, Romeel; Finlator, Kristian; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ouchi, Masami; Shimasaku, Kazuhiro

    2013-08-20

    We present a detailed structural and morphological study of a large sample of spectroscopically confirmed galaxies at z {>=} 6 using deep Hubble Space Telescope (HST) near-IR broad-band images and Subaru Telescope optical narrow-band images. The galaxy sample consists of 51 Ly{alpha} emitters (LAEs) at z {approx_equal} 5.7, 6.5, and 7.0, and 16 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at 5.9 {<=} z {<=} 6.5. These galaxies exhibit a wide range of rest-frame UV continuum morphology in the HST images, from compact features to multiple component systems. The fraction of merging/interacting galaxies reaches 40%-50% at the brightest end of M{sub 1500} {<=} -20.5 mag. The intrinsic half-light radii r{sub hl,in}, after correcting for point-spread function (PSF) broadening, are roughly between r{sub hl,in} {approx_equal} 0.''05 (0.3 kpc) and 0.''3 (1.7 kpc) at M{sub 1500} {<=} -19.5 mag. The median r{sub hl,in} value is 0.''16 ({approx}0.9 kpc). This is consistent with the sizes of bright LAEs and LBGs at z {>=} 6 found in previous studies. In addition, more luminous galaxies tend to be larger and exhibit a weak size-luminosity relation, r{sub hl,in}{proportional_to}L {sup 0.14} at M{sub 1500} {<=} -19.5 mag. The slope of 0.14 is significantly flatter than those in fainter LBG samples. We discuss the morphology of z {>=} 6 galaxies with nonparametric methods, including the concentration, asymmetry, and smoothness system and the Gini and M{sub 20} parameters, and demonstrate their validity through simulations. We search for extended Ly{alpha} emission halos around LAEs at z {approx_equal} 5.7 and 6.5 by stacking a number of narrow-band images. We do not find evidence of extended Ly{alpha} halos predicted by cosmological simulations. Such halos, if they exist, could be weaker than predicted. Finally, we investigate positional misalignment between the UV continuum and Ly{alpha} emissions in LAEs. While the two positions are generally consistent, several merging galaxies show significant positional differences. This is likely caused by a disturbed interstellar medium distribution due to merging activity.

  1. GAMMA-RAY BURST AFTERGLOW LIGHT CURVES FROM A LORENTZ-BOOSTED SIMULATION FRAME AND THE SHAPE OF THE JET BREAK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Eerten, Hendrik; MacFadyen, Andrew

    2013-04-20

    The early stages of decelerating gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow jets have been notoriously difficult to resolve numerically using two-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations even at very high resolution, due to the extreme thinness of the blast wave and high outflow Lorentz factors. However, these resolution issues can be avoided by performing the simulations in a boosted frame, which makes it possible to calculate afterglow light curves from numerically computed flows in sufficient detail to accurately quantify the shape of the jet break and the post-break steepening of the light curve. Here, we study afterglow jet breaks for jets with opening angles of 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 radians decelerating in a surrounding medium of constant density, observed at various angles ranging from on-axis to the edge of the jet. A single set of scale-invariant functions describing the time evolution of afterglow synchrotron spectral break frequencies and peak flux, depending only on jet opening angle and observer angle, are all that is needed to reconstruct light curves for arbitrary explosion energy, circumburst density and synchrotron particle distribution power law slope p. These functions are presented in the paper. Their time evolutions change directly following the jet break, although an earlier reported temporary post-break steepening of the cooling break is found to have been resolution-induced. We compare synthetic light curves to fit functions using sharp power law breaks as well as smooth power law transitions. We confirm our earlier finding that the measured jet break time is very sensitive to the angle of the observer and can be postponed significantly. We find that the difference in temporal indices across the jet break is larger than theoretically anticipated and is about -(0.5 + 0.5p) below the cooling break and about -(0.25 + 0.5p) above the cooling break, both leading to post-break slopes of roughly about 0.25 - 1.3p, although different observer angles, jet opening angles and heuristic descriptions of the break introduce a wide range of temporal indices. Nevertheless, the post-break slope from our constant density interstellar medium simulations is sufficiently steep to be hard to reconcile with post-break slopes measured for the Swift sample, suggesting that Swift GRBs mostly do not explode in a homogeneous medium or that the jet breaks are hidden from view by additional physics such as prolonged energy injection or viewing angle effects. A comparison between different smooth power law fit functions shows that although smooth power law transitions of the type introduced by Harrison et al. often provide better fits, smooth power law transitions of the type introduced by Beuermann et al. or even sharp power law fits are easier to interpret in terms of the underlying model. Light curves and spectral break and peak flux evolution functions will be made publicly available online at http://cosmo.nyu.edu/afterglowlibrary.

  2. The Drying Rates of Raw Paint Oils: A Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, Frank Peterson

    1913-01-01

    . The results of some of the more important investiga­ tions upon the drying phenomena of linseed and chinawood oils are given below. i HISTORICAL Lippert has found that raw lin­ seed oil, when spread in thin films upon sheet iron, " increases in weight... until after this point was reached. 4 Orloff found that linseed oil increases in weight 15-16 percent with initial setting up at 12% when the oil is spread out into films, weighing 0.1 to 0.15 grams over an area of 108 square centimeters...

  3. THE LBT BOOeTES FIELD SURVEY. I. THE REST-FRAME ULTRAVIOLET AND NEAR-INFRARED LUMINOSITY FUNCTIONS AND CLUSTERING OF BRIGHT LYMAN BREAK GALAXIES AT Z {approx} 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bian Fuyan; Fan Xiaohui; Jiang Linhua; McGreer, Ian; Dave, Romeel [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Dey, Arjun [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Green, Richard F. [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory and Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Maiolino, Roberto [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 19 J. J. Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Walter, Fabian [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Lee, Kyoung-Soo [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906 (United States)

    2013-09-01

    We present a deep LBT/LBC U{sub spec}-band imaging survey (9 deg{sup 2}) covering the NOAO Booetes field. A total of 14,485 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at z {approx} 3 are selected, which are used to measure the rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF). The large sample size and survey area reduce the LF uncertainties due to Poisson statistics and cosmic variance by {>=}3 compared to previous studies. At the bright end, the LF shows excess power compared to the best-fit Schechter function, which can be attributed to the contribution of z {approx} 3 quasars. We compute the rest-frame near-infrared LF and stellar mass function (SMF) of z {approx} 3 LBGs based on the R-band and [4.5 {mu}m]-band flux relation. We investigate the evolution of the UV LFs and SMFs between z {approx} 7 and z {approx} 3, which supports a rising star formation history in the LBGs. We study the spatial correlation function of two bright LBG samples and estimate their average host halo mass. We find a tight relation between the host halo mass and the galaxy star formation rate (SFR), which follows the trend predicted by the baryonic accretion rate onto the halo, suggesting that the star formation in LBGs is fueled by baryonic accretion through the cosmic web. By comparing the SFRs with the total baryonic accretion rates, we find that cosmic star formation efficiency is about 5%-20% and it does not evolve significantly with redshift, halo mass, or galaxy luminosity.

  4. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Soviet airspace, over Sakhalin Island, Soviet fighters shotoutside Soviet airspace near Sakhalin island, “to provoke an

  5. Framing a Comprehensive Approach to Climate Change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boggs, Jay W.; Chellinsky, Andrew; Ege, David; Hodges, Allen; Reynolds, Tripp; Williams, Andy

    2007-01-01

    area of permafrost shifting – Russian Core of Western Siberia between Urals and Central Siberian Plateau. Estimates that Russia possesses 74 billion barrels of oil reserves and 1, 699 trillion cubic feet of natural gas proven reserves. Comparatively... to Handle: Climate Change, Geopolitics, and U.S. National Security in 2025 Jay Boggs Andrew Chellinsky David Ege Allen Hodges Tripp Reynolds Adam Williams 26 April 2007 Security Implications of Global Climate Change Capstone Team Jay W. Boggs – Russia...

  6. Frame-based Elastic Models BENJAMIN GILLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . The displacement field is smoothly in- terpolated using dual quaternion blending. The deformation gradient and its of a display along with the full citation. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must, to redistribute to lists, or to use any component of this work in other works requires prior specific permis- sion

  7. Ductile Fuses for Special Concentrically Braced Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonetti, Santiago Antonio

    2008-01-01

    ................................................................. 451 A.2.2 Design Calculation Worksheet............................................................ 453 A.2.2.1 Part I: Input Data .................................................................................. 453 A.2.2.2 Part II: Global... Capacities..................................................................... 456 A.2.2.3 Part III: End Connection Design.......................................................... 458 xiv A.2.2.4 Part IV: Local Capacities...

  8. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    leaders affirm foreign policy as a moral issue,” Unitedemphasis of foreign policy. ” POLITICAL RESEARCH QUARTERLYThe Press and Foreign Policy. Univ of California. Cohen,

  9. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Attitudes Toward Attacking Iraq. ” Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31(DoD News: Briefing on the Iraq Survey Group. ” Available at:and the Road to War in Iraq. ” Security Studies 16(3): 409.

  10. Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jianguo; Hull, Vanessa; Batistella, Mateus; Defries, Ruth; Dietz, Tom; Fu, Feng; Hertel, Thomas W.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Lambin, Eric F.; Li, Shuxin; Martinelli, Antonio Luiz; McConnell, William; Moran, Emilio; Naylor, Rosamond; Ouyang, Zhiyum; Polenske, Karen R.; Reenberg, Anette; de Miranda Rocha, Gilberto; Simmons, Cynthia S.; Verbug, Peter H.; Vitousek, Peter M.; Zhang, Fusuo; Zhu, Chunquan

    2013-06-17

    Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studies have been conducted within a particular place with little attention to the impacts of distant interactions on sustainability in multiple places. Although distant forces have been studied, they are usually treated as exogenous variables and feedbacks have been rarely considered. To understand and integrate various distant interactions better, we propose an integrated framework based on telecoupling – an umbrella concept that refers to socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances. The concept of telecoupling is a logical extension of research on coupled human and natural systems, in which human and natural systems interact within particular places. The telecoupling framework contains five major interrelated components (coupled human and natural systems, agents, flows, causes, and effects). We illustrate the framework using two examples of distant interactions, highlight the implications of the framework, and discuss research needs and approaches to move research on telecouplings forward. The framework can help better analyze system components and their interrelationships, identify research gaps, detect hidden costs and untapped benefits, provide a useful means to incorporate feedbacks as well as trade-offs and synergies across multiple places (sending, receiving, and spillover systems), and improve the understanding of distant interactions and the effectiveness of policies for socioeconomic and environmental sustainability from local to global levels.

  11. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Syria Germany France Germany Turkey Venezuela Thailand EgyptGermany Japan Panama Japan Nicaragua Japan Mexico TurkeyTurkey Mexico Italy Grenada Cuba El Salvador Russia Afgha nista n Korea Germany

  12. Game Logs and Screenshots Frame Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    object detection technique To pinpoint the location and size of game characters in screenshots To crop://mmnet.iis.sinica.edu.tw Multimedia Networking and Systems Lab Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica Figure 4 #12;

  13. Fire performance of gable frame structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Congyi

    2013-01-01

    Fire protection engineering and structural engineering are two relevant but separated fields of study. Many experiments conducted by fire protection engineers are under certain ideal boundary conditions, which may not be ...

  14. Advanced House Framing | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravel TravelChallenges | Department of EnergyAdministrativeAmerica |

  15. Advanced House Framing | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I Due Date Adv. Fossil SolicitationMission »

  16. 110IPACIIFIICC OU'flHIWJE'f ]FORJE'f & RANGJE JEXIPJERTIMJEN'f 'fA'fTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . This price does not include the n e c e s s a r y observation tools, such as balloons, helium, theodolite technique kit consists of four items: · Set of horizontal distance tables with built-in conversions. · Sheet prefers to the parallel rule, and for the horizontal distance tables . Horizontal Distance Tables I

  17. 1 communications of the acm | july 2009 | vol. 52 | no. 7 tion not taken is a negative example.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Stuart

    by the authors avoids both problems by learning from expert behaviors. By observing the helicopter's tra- jectory is determined in advance from general knowledge of helicopter dynamics. The task of learning the reward up a "pilot program" for helicopter flight, absorb the knowledge instantly via a brain- computer

  18. Summary We examined the effects of increased transpira-tion demand on xylem hydraulic conductivity and vulnerabil-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maherali, Hafiz

    the leaf/sapwood area ratio (AL/AS) and more than twice the transpiration rate of trees growing in cool Transpiration depends on hydraulic conductivity and the con- tinuity of the water column through the tree. Xylem transpiration demands. The model, which integrates the pattern of aboveground biomass allocation and xylem

  19. Tableau de bord des formaTions de l'universiT de franche-comT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanjean, Louis

    la formation d'infirmier à partir de 2009 en- traîne une intégration progressive des élèves dans les

  20. * Corresponding author. Present address: Centre of Polar Observa-tion and Modelling, Department of Space and Climate Physics, UCL,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feltham, Daniel

    areas of application, most obviously to the casting of metal structures in moulds but also, for example

  1. THe sZ DeVIce for cerVIcal sPIne sTaBIlIsaTIon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    after decompression, as well as certain degenerative and chronic pain conditions. Dynamic stabilisation is limited due to the size of bone mass and the proximity of nerves and blood vessels. Posterior dynamic of development The device is at the design stage, but will quickly move to prototype and clinical testing

  2. Under the California Master Plan for Higher Educa-tion, the mission of the University of California is excel-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heydari, Payam

    it will be unable to suc- cessfully commercialize an invention, it may release the invention back to the inventor to the inventor, the faculty member will need to further develop the invention without the use of University time if the invention is within the inventor's scope of University employment. Inventorship Inventorship on patents

  3. ;n 3:i'tion to the melhods recenrly reviewed in TREEoy Ro,?sset and Raymond'. the introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beerli, Peter

    genealogies ustng Markov chain Monte Carlo importance samplmg For DNA and microsatellite data these ML Hudson, R.R. I19901 Oxf. Sm. Evol. Bol. 7, 1-44 4 Watterson, G. (19%; Jheor. Popul. Bid. 35, 161-180 5 Fu: estimation of populationsize. exponentlai growth rate, data migration rates. Three programs available as C

  4. Online Media Framing of Biofuels Exploring Negative Framing of Biofuels and Implications for Public Perception

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Perception Background Results As the search for sustainable and renewable energy continues, positive and negative effects of utilizing different energy sources may emerge. The benefits or repercussions of implementing different energy sources will be the deciding factor that leads to whether certain energy sources

  5. The Synchronic Frame of Photospheric Magnetic Flux: The Improved Synoptic Frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Xuepu

    of the middle panel). Because of the differential rotation of magnetic elements, the solar surface distribution from a synoptic chart do not cover the whole solar surface at any time within the period of one solar transpot models to predict better instantaneous photospheric field distribution on the portions of solar

  6. BioFrameNet: A FrameNet Extension to the Domain of Molecular Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolbey, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Walter. 2002. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 4 th Edition.Natural Language Processing and Systems Biology. Artificialand Tools for Systems Biology: 147­174. Werner Dubitzky and

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. BME-23, NO. 3, MAY 1976 tion of Bayluscide and sodium Pentachlorophenate in the Egypt-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power sources. Nuclear batteries, biogalvanic fuel cells, and improved chemical cells all show promise-64, 1973. An In Vivo Study of Cardiac Pacemaker Optimization by Pulse Shape Modification RICHARD D. KLAFTER

  8. In the book: Continuous Optimization: Current Trends and Modern Applica-tions, Springer, New York, 2005. (Editors: V. Jeyakumar and A. M. Rubinov).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    criterion for global minimization algorithms. The 3D inverse scattering problem with fixed-energy data. RAMM AND SEMION GUTMAN 5. Inverse scattering problem with fixed-energy data. 27 6. Obstacle scattering

  9. In the book: Continuous Optimization: Current Trends and Modern Applica tions, Springer, New York, 2005. (Editors: V. Jeyakumar and A. M. Rubinov).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    criterion for global minimization algorithms. The 3D inverse scattering problem with fixed­energy data AND SEMION GUTMAN 5. Inverse scattering problem with fixed­energy data. 27 6. Obstacle scattering

  10. RE SONANT PHO NON -A 8 8 IS TE D 6E NE HA TION. . . not observed, presumably because either the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glyde, Henry R.

    of Canada Iimited, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada (Received 21 December 1970) The Gibbs-Bogolyubov variational of Vacancies and Rare-Gas Crystal Mixtures H. R. Glyde Chalk Riser +unclear «boratories, ~topi@ Energy

  11. inverter. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 publica-tions in his research fields including the book `Control in Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões, Marcelo Godoy

    Power Electronics Society NEWSLETTER 19 Induction Generators for Small Wind Energy Systems M. GodoyW, the induction generator is favored for small hydro and wind power plants. More recently, with the widespread use that enabled people to move away from large urban concentrations, and growing concerns with the environment led

  12. Why It Matters How We Frame the Environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2010-01-01

    No.  1 contributor to global warming (it is  significantly called  Winning the Global Warming Debate: An Overview : It’change” instead of global warming …  Draft October 11, 

  13. Computer Detection of Bent Fingers in Lead Bonding Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitnick, Walter L.

    In the production of logic circuits in dual inline packages, various tedious assembly line tasks are performed by human operators using microscopes or television enlargements. One boring and difficult task is the detection ...

  14. Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuel Cycle |3-938 AUDITResearch |Universities forNewAir ConHomeQuadrennial

  15. Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuel Cycle |3-938 AUDITResearch |Universities forNewAir

  16. Variations in diagnostic and prognostic framing in the EZLN movement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinnick, Aaron Corbett

    2009-05-15

    politicians (pol?ticos), and the younger and more inexperienced technocrats (t?cnicos) created internal tension in the late 1980?s as the politicos attempted to move the party from its nationalist and populist roots and towards a free market agenda (Centeno...

  17. Neighborhood, City, or Region: Deconstructing Scale in Planning Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowe, Kate

    2011-01-01

    and the California High-Speed Rail Authority) Fischer,have implications for the federal high-speed rail program.Interstate program, high-speed rail may have metropolitan

  18. Rethinking Sustainability on Planet Earth: A Time for New Framings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dylan, Arielle

    2012-01-01

    Dawkins, R. (2001). Sustainability does not come naturally–AFoley, J. (Ed. ). (2004). Sustainability and social justice.commerce: A declaration of sustainability. New York: Harper.

  19. Conceptual Frame Work of an Enhanced BPA BA (EBBA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fraction of the wind fleet scheduled on Committed Intra- Hour Schedules. CAISO intra-hour scheduling - BPA will encourage California BAs (and other NW BAs that do...

  20. Why It Matters How We Frame the Environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2010-01-01

    One such principle is Cost? Benefit Analysis (CBA).  The basic math of CBA uses subtraction: the benefits  minus 

  1. FRAME SELECTION FOR AUTOMATIC COMIC GENERATION FROM MUSEUM PLAYLOG IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thawonmas, Ruck

    for filming and an experiment (Prendinger 2009) that aims at realization of an eco-friendly society. A number

  2. Seismic fragility estimates for reinforced concrete framed buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramamoorthy, Sathish Kumar

    2007-04-25

    Gravity load designed (GLD) reinforced concrete (RC) buildings represent a common type of construction in the Mid-America Region. These buildings have limited lateral resistance and are susceptible to story mechanisms during earthquake loading...

  3. Framing dispersal : urban strategies for Mexico City's sprawl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozlowski, Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    Within the framework of Mexico City's urban sprawl, this thesis investigates one specific type of territorial occupation: the urbanization of subsidized housing developments on the periphery, which accounts for 17% of the ...

  4. Framing Illegality: Sonic Culture, Power, and the Politics of Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arellano, Gerardo Nunez

    2010-01-01

    collection of testimonies in the Congressional Hearings thattypes of testimonies during the Congressional hearings on

  5. Communication and Framing Effects on Pneumonia Readmission Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpin, Angela P.

    2015-01-01

    Nursing research that actively involves older adults usingadults from hospital to home. American Journal of Nursing,adults reporting social isolation or loneliness show poorer cognitive function 4 years later. Evidence-Based Nursing,

  6. Rethinking Sustainability on Planet Earth: A Time for New Framings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dylan, Arielle

    2012-01-01

    2009). Carbon shift: How peak oil and the climate crisisEds. ), Carbon shift: How peak oil and the climate crisisof climate change, peak oil, and environmental degradation

  7. SEISMIC BEHAVIOUR OF A SHEAR-CRITICAL REINFORCED CONCRETE FRAME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vecchio, Frank J.

    years ago were built without consideration for seismic design. As such, these buildings are of great this experience much more fulfilling. The assistant and expertise of the Stuctural Laboratory staff is recognized

  8. Communication and Framing Effects on Pneumonia Readmission Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpin, Angela P.

    2015-01-01

    factors: a new or increased cough, an abnormal temperature (of breath than usual, cough, increase (or sudden decrease)

  9. Communication and Framing Effects on Pneumonia Readmission Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpin, Angela P.

    2015-01-01

    the PN list, the PI asked the RNs or hospital staff if themay be approached. If the RNs or hospital staff said itphysicians, case managers, and RNs assigned to the patient

  10. Spain in the frame for Europe's bid to host

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , will become high commissioner of the Atomic Energy Commission. His post will be filled by Philippe Braidy Commission (EC) asked an independent group of science administrators in May to examine the sites at Vandellòs

  11. GLOBAL PLATE MOTION FRAMES: TOWARD A UNIFIED MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    to a reference system such as the Earth's mantle, are still poorly understood. Accurate absolute plate motion magnetic dipole axis are not necessarily fixed to the mantle reference system. Absolute plate motion models and a paleomagnetic absolute plate reference system into a ``hybrid'' model for the time period from the assembly

  12. Analytical modeling of composite steel-concrete frame systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atahan, Ali Osman

    1996-01-01

    of reinforced concrete or composite steel shapes encased in reinforced concrete (SRC), structural steel beams, and composite beam-column joints. To facilitate the modeling of inelastic deformations in joint regions, a panel element capable of representing joint...

  13. Framing Illegality: Sonic Culture, Power, and the Politics of Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arellano, Gerardo Nunez

    2010-01-01

    S. ,1999. Guests and aliens. New York: The New Press.D. , 1988. Undocumented aliens and crime: the case of SanPress. Brimelow, P. , 1996. Alien nation. Harper Perennial.

  14. On non-commutative frame theory Ganna Kudryavtseva

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St Andrews, University of

    Edinburgh July 21, 2014 #12;Commutative world: topological setting #12;Stone duality A A commutative algebra A The dual space of A Stone-type duality #12;Classical Stone duality A -- Boolean algebra, that is A is a distributive lattice with bottom 0 and top 1 in which every element has a complement: a ac = 0, a ac = 1. P

  15. Smart Frame Grabber : : A Hardware Accelerated Computer Vision Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Matthew Daniel

    2014-01-01

    automation this requirement can be several thousand times a second. For example, many factory production lines

  16. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop Report Out & Lessons Learned ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Report Out & Lessons Learned Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Battery Workshop on July 26, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL. 3davisb.pdf...

  17. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStress Molecular Mimicry

  18. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStress Molecular

  19. Framing Document for the Second Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR 2015) |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report toDepartment ofEnergy4Decathlon |Management

  20. Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills and Reduce Carbon PollutionZealand JoinsJune 1,of Energy

  1. Advanced Framing Systems and Packages - Building America Top Innovation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReportOfficeAcqguide18pt0Department ofHigh2 DOEFactory-Built 1Department

  2. ARS 41-1072 Licensing Time Frames | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgramInformation ALLETE,ARCHDecisions |30-101ARS

  3. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop - Report Out & Lessons Learned

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergy (AZ, CA,EnergystudentThis Tuesday, September7/20/2012

  4. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop Report Out & Lessons Learned

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergy (AZ, CA,EnergystudentThis Tuesday,

  5. NNSA, LANL Complete DARHT Improvements With Successful Multi-frame

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal of HonorPoster Session | NationalhitsStewardship

  6. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop - Report Out & Lessons Learned | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25, 2014TEMPLATE| Department of Energyof

  7. EV Everywhere Framing Workshop Overview | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25, 2014TEMPLATE| Department of

  8. Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7 AssessmentBusinessAlternativeModelModeling Laser

  9. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7Modifications forTeresaMolecular Structureefficiency

  10. Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete7Modifications forTeresaMolecular

  11. Time Variability-Based Hierarchic Recognition of Multiple Musical Instruments in Recordings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    Chapter 15 Time Variability-Based Hierarchic Recognition of Multiple Musical Instruments in this chapter is focused on automatic identifica- tion of musical instruments in polyphonic audio recordings pres- ence or absence of a target instrument. Feature set includes parameters describing frame

  12. The problem of vertical resolution is to determine the wavelet at the target.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of ±20 ms are normal in the best 3-D seismic data, and they present no simple pattern. The seis- mic as a separate problem. This approach provides a firm frame- work within which to interpret subtle stratigraphy. During the last 30 years, resolu- tion of lateral acoustic discontinuities in 3-D seismic data has

  13. ret2dir: Rethinking Kernel Isolation Vasileios P. Kemerlis Michalis Polychronakis Angelos D. Keromytis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    page frame sharing can be leveraged for the complete circumven- tion of software and hardware kernel, and kGuard. We also discuss techniques for constructing reliable ret2dir exploits against x86, x86-level software has become much harder, as recent versions of popular OSes come with nu- merous protections

  14. www.osa-opn.org22 | OPN Optics & Photonics News Researchers at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    - lows the sun's posi- tion using a novel tracking platform (the black frame). #12, storage devices and tracking mechanics. A vast amount of research is currently focused on perfecting each deployment. he sun beats down on the American Southwest with a vengeance. In fact, the arid desert region

  15. Analyse et structuration automatique des guides de bonnes pratiques cliniques : essai d'\\'evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouffier, Amanda; Duclos, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    Health Practice Guideliens are supposed to unify practices and propose recommendations to physicians. This paper describes GemFrame, a system capable of semi-automatically filling an XML template from free texts in the clinical domain. The XML template includes semantic information not explicitly encoded in the text (pairs of conditions and ac-tions/recommendations). Therefore, there is a need to compute the exact scope of condi-tions over text sequences expressing the re-quired actions. We present a system developped for this task. We show that it yields good performance when applied to the analysis of French practice guidelines. We conclude with a precise evaluation of the tool.

  16. Pseudopotential for the electron-electron interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd-Williams, J. H.; Needs, R. J.; Conduit, G. J.

    2015-08-05

    -of-mass frame with wave vector k ? 0 and angular momentum quantum number `. The Hamiltonian in atomic units is ? 1r2 ddr (r2 d? dr ) + `(`+1) r2 ?+ V (r)? = k2?, and the repulsive Coulomb potential is V (r) = 1/r. The proposed pseudopotential is identical... to fermion anti- symmetry. We solve for the energy of two interacting electrons in the parabolic trap within the center-of-mass frame in which the interacting Hamiltonian for relative mo- tion is Hˆ = ? 1r2 ddr (r2 ddr ) + ?2r2/4 + `(`+ 1)/r2 + V (r), where V...

  17. Many of the challenges of the twenty-first century are related to molecular processes such as the genera-tion, transmission, and storage of clean energy, water purification and desalination. These transforma-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilian, Kristopher A.

    efforts on the Harvard Clean Energy Project (http://cleanenergy.harvard.edu), a search for materials for organic solar cells. I will continue by talking about our work on developing organic molecules for energy and associate editor of the journal Chemical Science. Department of Materials Science and Engineering University

  18. IEEE TransacTIons on UlTrasonIcs, FErroElEcTrIcs, and FrEqUEncy conTrol, vol. 58, no. 5, May 2011 1037 08853010/$25.00 2011 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for imaging in a single medium, but the recently introduced phase shift migration (PSM) algorithm has expanded multi-layer omega-k (MULOK), which combines PSM and the -k algorithm to perform multilayer imaging more efficiently. The asymptotic complexity is shown to be lower for MULOK than for PSM, and this is confirmed

  19. each of the faces within that cycle must receive the same color, which is a contradic-tion. Thus f() = 0 for = I. Now I fixes all legal colorings, and since there are 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kharlampovich, Olga

    H, and the result-1 -1 -1 -1 (h are conjugate in H, so for some h H we have gPg = hPh . Thus-1 -1 -1 gPg (H). By (a), P andG(b) Since H is always a subgroup of its normalizer, let g N possible size, they are Sylow p-subgroups of H. are subgroups of H, and since they are p-subgroups of maximum-1 P and gPg G g

  20. IEEE TransacTIons on UlTrasonIcs, FErroElEcTrIcs, and FrEqUEncy conTrol, vol. 60, no. 5, May 2013 877 08853010/$25.00 2013 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    -cycle tone bursts with a pulse repetition frequency of 10 Hz at the transmit center frequency were generated in the confocal region. Postexcitation curves were then obtained using a modified logistic regres- sion using for p-value

  1. UNI V ERSIT Y OF NEBR A S K AL INCOL N | INS TIT U TION A L RESE A RCH A ND PL A NNING Fact Book20132014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    in their annual "tunnel walk" onto the Memorial Stadium field. Students head for classes during the first week by the Cornhusker Marching Band. The new south gateway to the campus at 14th and R Streets. Students meet each other

  2. IEEE TransacTIons on UlTrasonIcs, FErroElEcTrIcs, and FrEqUEncy conTrol, vol. 59, no. 12, dEcEmbEr 2012 2655 08853010/$25.00 2012 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    , Eduardo T. costa, and William d. o'brien Jr. Abstract--The objective of this study is to investigate car of cardiac electrical excitation by intra- or extra-cardiac mechanisms. This process is called mechano-electric amplifier (a150, Electronic navi- gation Industries, rochester, ny; 0.3 to 35 mHz; 55 db) were used to drive

  3. tion Systems, 5,4, p.413429, 1991. [MA79]McCallum, D. and D. Avis, ``A linear time algorithm for finding the convex hull of a sim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bose, Prosenjit

    ]Macosko, C. W., RIM Fundamentals of Reaction Injection Molding, Hanser Publishers, New York, 1989. [Meg83 handbook, J.H. DuBois and W.I. Pribble (Eds.), Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc., New York, 1987. [RR92.F., and T.J. Opar (Eds.), Iron Castings Handbook, Iron casting society, Inc., 1981. [Whe87]Whelan, A

  4. IEEE TransacTIons on UlTrasonIcs, FErroElEcTrIcs, and FrEqUEncy conTrol, vol. 59, no. 11, novEmbEr 2012 2373 08853010/$25.00 2012 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    generation and transportation systems. It could be advantageous to harvest this free source of energy so that the overall energy efficiency of these systems can be increased. The pyroelectric effect consists of directly study reports experimental measurements of the pyroelectric energy and power generation capa- bilities

  5. Base de Datos TESEO Este frame debe obligatoriamente llamarse "win_system" y es un frame oculto habitualmente. Contiene las declaraciones de variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrete, Martina

    permitido establecer que, en la situación estudiada, la dinamica intraespecifica, mas que la interespecifica demograficos. Destaca, dentro del primer grupo, la importancia de incrementar la disponibilidad de habitat para

  6. Más allá de los imaginarios neoliberales : espacio urbano, escritura, y justicia social en Chile y Cuba, 1990-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santizo, Gabriela D.

    2012-01-01

    future. xiv Esta tesis analiza las representacionesy La Habana. Esta tesis investiga cómo la producciónpiedra de Alonso. Esta tesis explora cómo mediante sus

  7. Pas: Portugal Period.: Diria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Espacial Europeia ou as investigações de Fusão Nuclear para Formas de Energia Alternativa são algumas das

  8. Clean Energy and Climate First Principles-How To Frame the Strategic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    State RPSs State-Federal RPS Collaborative Webinar Hosted by Clean Energy States Alliance December 19, 2011 Housekeeping All participants will be in listen-only mode throughout...

  9. Modeling, Analysis, and Design of Stationary Reference Frame Droop Controlled Parallel Three-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    as a possibility of test future SmartGrid issues in small scale. In addition, power electronics-based MGs

  10. Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile Â… Next Generation Advanced Framing

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBerylliumDepartmentResolution ofBETTER|BrianOvercoat: Airtightness3. Effective GuidanceBuilding

  11. Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile Â… Advanced Framing Systems and Packages

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBerylliumDepartmentResolution ofBETTER|BrianOvercoat: Airtightness3.field studies involving

  12. A study of owner preferences for steel and wood framed homes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Bruce Whitney

    1997-01-01

    This thesis reports the findings of a mail survey of 386 single family residential households from the Las Vegas, Nevada area. The purpose of the study was to develop an understanding of the differences, if any, between those households...

  13. The Probabilistic Basis for the 2000 SAC/FEMA Steel Moment Frame C. Allin Cornell1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    , ASCE Abstract This paper presents a formal probabilistic framework for seismic design and assessment" and "resistance". Consistent with modern seismic assessment procedures in the nuclear community (DOE, 1994 performance level. Stemming from this probabilistic framework, a safety-checking format of the conventional

  14. Quality, drift, and delay issues in multiple reference frame video coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leontaris, Athanasios

    2006-01-01

    in Electrical Engineering (Communication Theory and Systems)Ph.D. , Electrical Engineering (Communication Theory andin Electrical Engineering (Communication Theory and Systems)

  15. Constraints on Covariant Horava-Lifshitz Gravity from frame-dragging experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radicella, Ninfa; Lambiase, Gaetano; Parisi, Luca; Vilasi, Gaetano E-mail: lambiase@sa.infn.it E-mail: vilasi@sa.infn.it

    2014-12-01

    The effects of Horava-Lifshitz corrections to the gravito-magnetic field are analyzed. Solutions in the weak field, slow motion limit, referring to the motion of a satellite around the Earth are considered. The post-newtonian paradigm is used to evaluate constraints on the Horava-Lifshitz parameter space from current satellite and terrestrial experiments data. In particular, we focus on GRAVITY PROBE B, LAGEOS and the more recent LARES mission, as well as a forthcoming terrestrial project, GINGER.

  16. An institutional frame to compare alternative market designs in EU electricity balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel

    2007-01-01

    The so-called "electricity wholesale market" is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for "balancing," in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of ...

  17. Aalborg Universitet Modeling, analysis, and design of stationary reference frame droop controlled parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teodorescu, Remus

    for testing future SmartGrid issues in small scale. In addition, power electronics-based MGs are useful when

  18. Taking the Picture out of the Frame: A Multidimensional Approach to Racial Identity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Veronica Adele

    2014-04-24

    This study explored the multidimensional racial identity of African American undergraduate students at a predominantly white institution (PWI). Racial identity has progressed from models of stage development to a premise ...

  19. Deep rest-frame far-UV spectroscopy of the giant Lyman-alpha emitter 'Himiko'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabl, J; Fynbo, J P U; Laursen, P; Ouchi, M; Kjærgaard, P

    2015-01-01

    We present deep 10h VLT/XSHOOTER spectroscopy for an extraordinarily luminous and extended Lya emitter at z=6.595 referred to as Himiko and first discussed by Ouchi et al. (2009), with the purpose of constraining the mechanisms powering its strong emission. Complementary to the spectrum, we discuss NIR imaging data from the CANDELS survey. We find neither for HeII nor any metal line a significant excess, with 3 sigma upper limits of 6.8, 3.1, and 5.8x10^{-18} erg/s/cm^2 for CIV $\\lambda$1549, HeII $\\lambda$1640, CIII] $\\lambda$1909, respectively, assuming apertures with 200 km/s widths and offset by -250 km/s w.r.t to the peak Lya redshift. These limits provide strong evidence that an AGN is not a major contribution to Himiko's Lya flux. Strong conclusions about the presence of PopIII star-formation or gravitational cooling radiation are not possible based on the obtained HeII upper limit. Our Lya spectrum confirms both spatial extent and flux (8.8+/-0.5x10^{-17} erg/s/cm^2) of previous measurements. In addit...

  20. On the Suitability of Framed Slotted Aloha based RFID Anti-collision Protocols for Use in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Kwan-Wu

    RFID tags that are fastened on household objects, thereby allowing the system to record when tags can be active, passive

  1. The Behaviour of Steel-Framed Composite Structures in Fire Conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillie, Martin

    Over the last decade it has become increasingly clear that the traditional methods of fire safety design can be unnecessarily conservative and therefore expensive. In 1995 a series of fire tests were carried out at Cardington, ...

  2. Determination of Fire Induced Collapse Mechanisms of Multi-Storey Steel Framed Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jowsey, Allan; Torero, Jose L; Usmani, Asif; Lane, Barbara; Lamont, Susan

    Following the events of September 11th 2001, understanding the performance of multi-storey buildings during large-scale fires has assumed greater importance. These events have highlighted the possibility of large uncontrolled ...

  3. Byggmeister Test Home: Analysis and Initial Results of Cold Climate Wood-Framed Home Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gates, C.

    2013-01-01

    BSC seeks to further the energy efficiency market for New England area retrofit projects by supporting projects that are based on solid building science fundamentals and verified implementation. With the high exposure of energy efficiency and retrofit terminology being used in the general media at this time, it is important to have evidence that measures being proposed will in fact benefit the homeowner through a combination of energy savings, improved durability, and occupant comfort. There are several basic areas of research to which the technical report for these test homes can be expected to contribute. These include the combination of measures that is feasible, affordable and acceptable to homeowners as well as expectations versus results. Two Byggmeister multi-family test homes in Massachusetts are examined with the goal of providing case studies that could be applied to other similar New England homes.

  4. Investigation of Madden-Julian waves using a rotating coordinate frame from microwave radiometric measurements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dossen, Josephus

    1999-01-01

    separate events of these features propagating over the equatorial Indian/Western Pacific Ocean basins. The composite Tb anomalies show a five-stage morphology process: initiation east of equatorial Africa, intensification when propagating through the Indian...

  5. Seismic vulnerability of older reinforced concrete frame structures in Mid-America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beason, Lauren Rae

    2004-09-30

    representation was used evaluate inter-story drift demands from simulated earthquake time histories that were representative for the region. Limit state story drift capacities were identified for FEMA 273 guidelines, nonlinear pushover analyses, and incremental...

  6. More than a Child’s Work: Framing Teacher Discourse about Play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wohlwend, Karen

    2007-01-01

    Deconstructing early childhood education: Social justice andFleer, M. (2003). Early childhood education as an evolving ‘appropriate early childhood education in an elementary

  7. Parallel and real-time implementation of an acoustic echo canceller using oversampled wavelet frame algorithms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Pak-Yin

    1995-01-01

    This thesis describes a novel echo cancellation system that eliminates nonstationary echoes with long acoustic delays in real-time. By combining subband adaptive filtering and active system identification based on fast wavelet transform...

  8. "Arming the Good Guys?": An Examination of Racial Framing in Students for Concealed Carry on Campus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couch, Todd

    2014-07-25

    Over the last several decades, issues relating to gun rights have received growing attention from the academic community. Much of this research focuses on the importance of masculinity and violence and shaping modern gun culture in the United States...

  9. MECHANICS OF MATERIALS WITH PERIODIC TRUSS OR FRAME MICRO-STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinsson, Gunnar

    energy in the material. Using these bounds, existence and uniqueness results for the equations of linear extreme or unusual properties but it is only during the last decade that manufacturing technology has], and Martinsson and Movchan [20], (ii) materials that have negative Poisson's ratios or negative thermal expansion

  10. State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsen, Arild

    2008-01-01

    ISO thermal transmittance calculation methods, Energy andthermal performance, other measures may also be useful, like the Net energy gain method

  11. Piety and activism in Egypt : reflections on framing, motivation, contradiction and desire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Leslie R.

    2010-01-01

    context in Egypt, and unobstructed by political powers-that-power and influence is far more complex. Women in EgyptEgypt (many of whom are without husbands or sons) maneuver successfully within society and assert both power

  12. Mechanism of collapse of tall steel moment frame buildings under earthquake excitation Swaminathan Krishnan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Swaminathan

    -energy relation applied to all possible quasi-shear bands, combined with plastic analysis principles can of Technology 2 California Institute of Technology (now consulting for Southern California Edison) 1 #12 by the Structural Engineers Association of California, Applied Technology Council, and California Universities

  13. (Re) framing the nation : the Afro -Cuban challenge to Black and Latino struggles for American identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gosin, Monika

    2009-01-01

    New York: Rayo. Van Dijk, Teun. (1987). CommunicatingNewbury Park, CA: Sage. Van Dijk, Teun. (1993). PrinciplesWest-Durán, 2004; van Dijk, 1993, Whetherell & Potter,

  14. The dynamic indentation response of sandwich panels with a corrugated or Y-frame core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St-Pierre, L.; Fleck, N. A.; Deshpande, V. S.

    2014-12-30

    of such accidents has the potential to increase in the future as maritime traffic increases and as vessels become larger and faster. Thus, it is vital that ship structures have adequate strength and energy absorption capacity to resist collisions... (and their resistance to security threats such as air blast) can be improved by the appropriate choice of an energy absorbing core in a sandwich configuration. This motivates the present basic study: we explore the resistance of sandwich cores...

  15. Aluminum Shear Panels for Seismic Protection of Framed Structures: Review of Recent Experimental Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Matteis, G.; Brando, G. [Dept. of Design, Rehabilitation and Control of Architectural Structures, University of Chieti-Pescara 'G. D'Annunzio', V.le Pindaro, 42--65127 Pescara (Italy); Panico, S.; Mazzolani, F. M. [Dept. of Structural Engineering, University of Naples 'Federico II', P.le Tecchio, 80--80125 Naples (Italy)

    2008-07-08

    An important experimental campaign on pure aluminum shear panels, to develop new devices for the seismic passive protection of buildings, has been recently carried out at the University of Naples 'Federico II' in cooperation with the University 'G. d'Annunzio' of Chieti/Pescara. In particular, several pure aluminum shear panels, suitably reinforced by ribs in order to delay shear buckling in the plastic deformation field, have been tested under cyclic loads. The choice pure aluminium, which is really innovative in the field of civil engineering, is justified by both the nominal low yield strength and the high ductility of such a material, which have been further improved through a proper heat treatment. Two different testing layouts have been adopted. In the former, six 'full bay' pure aluminum shear panels, having in-plane dimensions 1500x1000 mm and thickness of 5 mm, have been taken in consideration. In the latter, four 5 mm thick stiffened bracing type pure aluminum shear panels (BTPASPs) with a square shape of 500 mm side length have been cyclically tested under diagonal load. In the whole several plate slenderness ratios have been considered, allowing the evaluation of the most influential factors on the cyclic performance of system. In the current paper a review of the most important results of these recent experimental activities is provided and discussed.

  16. Service Patient Price Frames* Priced up to $70 Retail $40.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    for the items listed. Prices and discounts are not available at WalMart locations. WalMart will apply a 10

  17. Piety and activism in Egypt : reflections on framing, motivation, contradiction and desire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Leslie R.

    2010-01-01

    oneself as pious beyond reproach, one must not only coveroneself as pious beyond reproach, one must not only covershe placed herself above reproach. Obeyesekere (1981), in

  18. Evaluation of the effect of contact between risers and guide frames on offshore spar platform motions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koo, Bon-Jun

    2004-11-15

    for the Gulf of Mexico, is shown in Fig. 1.1. Installed Cost Water Depth(m) 180 300 420 540 660 780 TLP Guyed Tower Pile Supported Structure Compliant Tower Semisubmersible (FPS) Tankers (FPSO) 900 Fig. 1.1. Platform cost comparison, Gulf of Mexico (G...?nther et al, 1988). This dissertation follows the style and format of the Journal of Ocean Engineering 2 However, new types of platforms such as tension leg platform (TLP), semisubmersible (FPS), floating production storage and offloading (FPSO...

  19. Active Frame, Location, and Detector Selection for Automated and Manual Video Annotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    is dominated by the cost of high-level procedures, e.g. submitting images to a battery of detectors the complexity of a label- ing scheme, using either an oracle or a battery of detectors, battery of detectors (location in an image). It is important to stress that our method aims to reduce complexity

  20. A generalization of Frenet's frame for non-degenerate quadratic forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henri Poincaré -Nancy-Université, Université

    construction to any pseudo-Riemannian manifold. R#19;esum#19;e La construction du rep#18;ere de Fr#19;enet

  1. Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within The Frame Of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerlich, Gerhard

    2007-01-01

    The atmospheric greenhouse effect, an idea that authors trace back to the traditional works of Fourier 1824, Tyndall 1861 and Arrhenius 1896 and is still supported in global climatology essentially describes a fictitious mechanism in which a planetary atmosphere acts as a heat pump driven by an environment that is radiatively interacting with but radiatively equilibrated to the atmospheric system. According to the second law of thermodynamics such a planetary machine can never exist. Nevertheless, in almost all texts of global climatology and in a widespread secondary literature it is taken for granted that such mechanism is real and stands on a firm scientific foundation. In this paper the popular conjecture is analyzed and the underlying physical principles are clarified. By showing that (a) there are no common physical laws between the warming phenomenon in glass houses and the fictitious atmospheric greenhouse effects, (b) there are no calculations to determine an average surface temperature of a planet, ...

  2. Usage of Friction-damped Braced Frames for Seismic Vibration Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Brynnan 1992-

    2012-04-16

    of the recoverable elastic energy and the hysteretic cumulative plastic energy EH?t?. At the end of the earthquake duration the kinetic and elastic strain energies diminish. Thus, the earthquake input energy to the structure is dissipated by the hysteretic.... Cosenza et al. (1993) and Fajfar (1992) proposed a damage index based on the structure hysteretic energy EH : DIH ? EH=?f yxy? ?u ? 1 ?6? A robust damage measure should include not only the maximum response but the effect of repeated cyclic loading...

  3. Performance-Based Seismic Demand Assessment of Concentrically Braced Steel Frame Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chui-Hsin

    2010-01-01

    The seismic criteria, design loads, load combinations andNo. of Seismic Design Criteria Design ID S MT (T) AnalysisThe seismic loads and design criteria in ASCE/SEI 7-05 are

  4. Project Apollo, Cold War diplomacy and the American framing of global interdependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muir-Harmony, Teasel

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation examines the distinctive and critical role that space exploration played in American foreign relations and national image making in the 1960s. Proposed by President John F. Kennedy in 1961, Project Apollo ...

  5. An Institutional Frame to Compare Alternative Market Designs in EU Electricity Balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel; Saguan, Marcelo

    The so-called â electricity wholesale marketâ is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for â balancing,â in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of the Transmission...

  6. Framing the Past: How Virtual Experience Affects Bodily Description of Artefacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, Paola Di Giuseppantonio Di; Matthews, Justin L.; Matlock, Teenie

    2015-01-01

    might include other media, such as 3D immersive systems (Powerwall and CAVE), Haptic Interface and Force Feedback. Three-dimensional immersive systems are stereoscopic interactive visualization system used to visualize the 3D models, which use camera (or...

  7. Phase-Change Frame Walls (PCFWs) for Peak Demand Reduction, Load Shifting, Energy Conservation and Comfort 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medina, M.; Stewart, R.

    2008-01-01

    of the wall via the high latent heats of the PCMs. The main goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of using PCFWs for peak air conditioning demand reduction, thermal load shifting, energy conservation, and thermal comfort. The results showed...

  8. The Measured Energy Impact of Air Leakage on Frame Wall Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharyya, Souvik

    1991-01-01

    on fundamental heat and mass transfer principles has been de­ veloped and all the predicted values of E as a function of air flow rates and effective path length for the different stud-cavity wall specimen test configurations were remarkably consistent... in the 0.16-0.7 range in the stud-cavity (vs. theoretical maximum of 0.5); and .. c) E values of 0.16 to 0.34 for air exiting the stud-cavity directly across from the entry. • .. • v .. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .. My debts are manifold and various. I...

  9. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Paying for Positive Group Esteem: How Inequity Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    , the United States is one of the wealthiest countries in the world. Yet the United States toler- ates the highest rate of poverty in the "developed" world (Smeed- ing, Rainwater, & Burtless, 2002), and differences in financial privilege can literally mean the difference between life and death (Feagin & Mc

  10. Differential systems, moving frames, structure-preserving submersions and geometrical problems in physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Ziyang

    2012-07-03

    -preserving submer- sions”. A novel feature of our approach is the formulation of an algorithm which we have named “the method of involutive seeds”. By using this method, we can rapidly determine the number of free functions that we must specify in order...

  11. Performance-Based Seismic Demand Assessment of Concentrically Braced Steel Frame Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chui-Hsin

    2010-01-01

    66 Figure 5.4 Process of evaluating seismic performanceResults Figure 5.4 Process of evaluating seismic performanceiterative process continued until adequate seismic perform-

  12. Simulated Performance of Steel Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings in the ,**-Tokachi-oki Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Thomas H.

    to sloshing in petro- leum storage tanks located about +/* km west of Cape Erimo, which is the peninsula of the ,10 ground motions recorded on Hokkaido Island. These buildings were designed by Caltech Prof. John is calculated as a function of the load. The blue li

  13. Classification of subsurface objects using singular values derived from signal frames

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chambers, David H; Paglieroni, David W

    2014-05-06

    The classification system represents a detected object with a feature vector derived from the return signals acquired by an array of N transceivers operating in multistatic mode. The classification system generates the feature vector by transforming the real-valued return signals into complex-valued spectra, using, for example, a Fast Fourier Transform. The classification system then generates a feature vector of singular values for each user-designated spectral sub-band by applying a singular value decomposition (SVD) to the N.times.N square complex-valued matrix formed from sub-band samples associated with all possible transmitter-receiver pairs. The resulting feature vector of singular values may be transformed into a feature vector of singular value likelihoods and then subjected to a multi-category linear or neural network classifier for object classification.

  14. Mountains of western North Carolina. She builds on previous forestry literature by using a frame-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    the designation of additional wilderness areas, blocked oil and gas exploration, and ended large-scale clear and teacher, a professional environmental organizer with the Appalachian Alliance, a retired U.S. Forest

  15. May/June 2011 MAQS & Respirators Bee-ing Involved Counting Frames of Bees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    , neoprene, or nitrile), and protective eyewear. Wear a respirator with an organic-vapor removing cartridge), or a NIOSH approved respirator with an organic vapor (OV) cartridge or canister with any N, R, P or HE

  16. Characterization of cracking restraint at sawcut joints using the German Cracking Frame 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vepakomma, Shilpa

    2002-01-01

    shrinkage and creep. Early age creep and shrinkage also appear to be key factors of stress and cracking. Experiments were run to provide insight on the effect of shrinkage and creep on crack developments. The results were useful in evaluating the behavior...

  17. What’s the Issue? Changing Frames of Ethanol Policy in Congress and the Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiner, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    energy dependence, energy prices, environment, agriculture,agriculture, and energy prices. The budget and economyEnergy Dependence Energy Prices Environment Agriculture

  18. Identifying Alternative Frames and Values to Increase Public Support for Health Policies that Target Obesity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Selena E.

    2013-01-01

    from consuming genetically modified foods, foods that arelobbying, genetically modified foods, high-fructose cornlobbying, genetically modified foods, high-fructose corn

  19. Underlying Semantics for the Assessment of Reiter's Solution to the Frame Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertossi, Leopoldo

    @cirl.uoregon.edu Leopoldo E. Bertossi Departamento de Ciencia de la Computacion, Escuela de Ingenieria, Pontificia

  20. Experimental and Numerical Examination of the Thermal Transmittance of High Performance Window Frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsen Ph.D., Arild

    2010-01-01

    7 for all variables. Radiation heat transfer was included inof rays in the radiation heat -transfer algorithm of the CFDradiation heat transfer. The convection and radiation