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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Geodesic Reduction via Frame Bundle Geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A manifold with an arbitrary affine connection is considered and the geodesic spray associated with the connection is studied in the presence of a Lie group action. In particular, results are obtained that provide insight into the structure of the reduced dynamics associated with the given invariant affine connection. The geometry of the frame bundle of the given manifold is used to provide an intrinsic description of the geodesic spray. A fundamental relationship between the geodesic spray, the tangent lift and the vertical lift of the symmetric product is obtained, which provides a key to understanding reduction in this formulation.

Ajit Bhand

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

2

Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544 fusion frame measurements in presence noise and subspace erasures. Each fusion frame mea- surement is a low-dimensional vector whose elements are inner products of an orthogonal basis for a fusion frame

Kutyniok, Gitta

3

Emissions Reduction Impact of Renewables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p. 1 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 EMISSIONS REDUCTION IMPACT OF RENEWABLES October 2012 Jeff Haberl, Bahman Yazdani, Charles Culp Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University p. 2 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012... Do TCEQ: Vince Meiller, Bob Gifford ERCOT: Warren Lasher USEPA: Art Diem, Julie Rosenberg ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS p. 3 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 RENEWABLES Solar PV Solar Thermal Hydro Biomass Landfill Gas Geothermal p. 4...

Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers The environmental review process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) provides a valuable opportunity for Federal agency NEPA/309 reviewers to incorporate pollution prevention and environmental impact reduction into actions (or projects). This Environmental Protection Agency guidance was prepared to assist NEPA/309 reviewers in incorporating pollution prevention into each step of the environmental review process, including scoping, mitigation, monitoring, and enforcement. POLLUTION PREVENTION - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REDUCTION CHECKLISTS FOR NEPA/309 REVIEWERS JANUARY 1995

5

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers The environmental review process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) provides a valuable opportunity for Federal agency NEPA/309 reviewers to incorporate pollution prevention and environmental impact reduction into actions (or projects). This Environmental Protection Agency guidance was prepared to assist NEPA/309 reviewers in incorporating pollution prevention into each step of the environmental review process, including scoping, mitigation, monitoring, and enforcement. POLLUTION PREVENTION - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REDUCTION CHECKLISTS FOR NEPA/309 REVIEWERS JANUARY 1995

6

The Impact of Transmit Buffer on EDCF with Frame-Bursting Option for Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a single contention, an optional feature known as controlled frame- bursting (CFB) is introduced in its with the CFB option to quantify its performance gain. The impact of the MAC transmit buffer size is also duration limit. It is demonstrated that an optimized CFB configuration allows the MAC protocol to achieve

Selvadurai, Selvakennedy

7

Impact of GHG Emission Reduction on Power Generation Expansion Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work the impact of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction on Power Generation Expansion Planning ... models, which also consider environmental constraints and GHG emission limits, is presented. After a s...

F. Careri; C. Genesi; P. Marannino; M. Montagna…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

EE/RE Impacts on Emission Reductions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydro Dam at Elephant Butte, El Paso, TX Landfill Gas McCommas Bluff Landfill, Dallas, TX Biomass Aspen Power Biomass Plant, Lufkin, TX Geothermal Texas Geothermal Map Wind Green Mountain Energy Wind Farm, Fluvanna, Texas ESL-KT-13-12-02 CATEE 2013...-18 Savings (2002 to 2011) Electricity - $1,082 million Demand - $1,245 million Total - $2,327 million Emissions Reduction in 2011 3,723 tons-NOx/year, (About 413,974 cars) Demand Reduction in 2011 834 MW More than one power plant Electricity...

Haberl, J. S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

No Significant Impact Effluent Reduction Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Finding of Finding of No Significant Impact Effluent Reduction Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico U. S. Department of Energy Los Alamos Area Office 528 35th Street Los Alamos, NM 87544 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT EFFLUENT REDUCTION LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY EFFLUENT REDUCTION FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT: The Environmental Assessment (EA) for Effluent Reduction (DOE/EA-1156) (attached) briefly provides sufficient evidence and analysis t o determine that a finding of no significant impact is appropriate for this action. The EA documents the evidence and analysis in the following chapters: 1. Purpose and Need for Agency Action; 2. Description of Alternatives; 3. Affected Environment and Environmental Consequences; 4. Abnormal Events; 5. Agencies

10

The Projected Impacts of Carbon Dioxide Emissions Reduction Legislation on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;The Projected Impacts of Carbon Dioxide Emissions Reduction Legislation on Electricity Prices on the projected prices of electricity and the use of electric energy in the state of Indiana. The analysis allowances and offsets, shifting production technology from coal-fired baseload resources to a combination

11

Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals March 2006 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester. Energy Information Administration / Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals

12

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using Cu-zeolite Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using...

13

Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy Impact in The Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP): Volume I- Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this sixth annual report, Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (Preliminary Report) to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. In this preliminary report, the NOx emissions savings from the energy...

Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Lewis, C.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukhopadhyay, J..; Degelman, L.; McKelvey, K.; Clardige, D.; Ellis, S.; Kim, H.; Zilbershtein. G.; Gilman, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) Volume I - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ninth annual report, Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The report is organized in three volumes. Volume I - Summary Report - provides...

Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Zilbershtein, G.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Clardige, D.; Parker, P.; Ellis, S.; Kim, H.; Gilman, D.; Degelman, L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emisions Reduction Plan (TERP): Volume II- Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ninth annual report, Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The report is organized in three volumes. Volume I - Summary Report - provides...

Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Lewis, C.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Gilman, D.; Degelman, L.; McKelvey, K.; Clardige, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emisions Reduction Plan (TERP): Volume I- Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ninth annual report, Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The report is organized in three volumes. Volume I - Summary Report - provides...

Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Lewis, C.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Gilman, D.; Degelman, L.; McKelvey, K.; Clardige, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast Petroleum Product Markets  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast Petroleum Product Markets is an update to a previous Energy Information Administration (EIA) report, Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets, released in December 2011. This update analyzes possible market responses and impacts in the event Sunoco's Philadelphia refinery closes this summer, in addition to the recently idled refineries on the East Coast and in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Impact of the deployment schedule of fast breeding reactors in the frame of French act for nuclear materials and radioactive waste management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the frame of the French Act of June 28, 2006 on 'a sustainable management of nuclear materials and radioactive waste' EDF R and D assesses various research scenarios of transition between the actual French fleet and a Generation IV fleet with a closed fuel cycle where plutonium is multi-recycled. The basic scenarios simulate a deployment of 60 GWe of Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) in two steps: one third from 2040 to 2050 and the rest from 2080 to 2100 (scenarios 2040). These research scenarios assume that SFR technology will be ready for industrial deployment in 2040. One of the many sensitivity analyses that EDF, as a nuclear power plant operator, must evaluate is the impact of a delay of SFR technology in terms of uranium consumptions, plutonium needs and fuel cycle utilities gauging. The sensitivity scenarios use the same assumptions as scenarios 2040 but they simulate a different transition phase: SFRs are deployed in one step between 2080 and 2110 (scenarios 2080). As the French Act states to conduct research on minor actinides (MA) management, we studied different options for 2040 and 2080 scenarios: no MA transmutation, americium transmutation in heterogeneous mode based on americium Bearing Blankets (AmBB) in SFRs and all MA transmutation in heterogeneous mode based on MA Bearing Blankets (MABB). Moreover, we studied multiple parameters that could impact the deployment of these reactors (SFR load factor, increase of the use of MOX in Light Water Reactors, increase of the cooling time in spent nuclear fuel storage...). Each scenario has been computed with the EDF R and D fuel cycle simulation code TIRELIRE-STRATEGIE and optimized to meet various fuel cycle constraints such as using the reprocessing facility with long period of constant capacity, keeping the temporary stored mass of plutonium and MA under imposed limits, recycling older assemblies first... These research scenarios show that the transition from the current PWR fleet to an equivalent fleet of Generation IV SFR can follow different courses. The design of SFR-V2B that we used in our studies needs a high inventory of plutonium resulting in tension on this resource. Several options can be used in order to loosen this tension: our results lead to favour the use of axial breeding blanket in SFR. Load factor of upcoming reactors has to be regarded with attention as it has a high impact on plutonium resource for a given production of electricity. The deployment of SFRs beginning in 2080 instead of 2040 following the scenarios we described creates higher tensions on reprocessing capacity, separated plutonium storage and spent fuel storage. In the frame of the French Act, we studied minor actinides transmutation. The flux of MA in all fuel cycle plants is really high, which will lead to decay heat, a and neutron emission related problems. In terms of reduction of MA inventories, the deployment of MA transmutation cycle must not delay the installation of SFRs. The plutonium production in MABB and AmBB does not allow reducing the use of axial breeding blankets. The impact of MA or Am transmutation over the high level waste disposal is more important if the SFRs are deployed later. Transmutation option (americium or all MA) does not have a significant impact on the number of canister produced nor on its long-term thermal properties. (authors)

Le Mer, J.; Garzenne, C.; Lemasson, D. [Electricite de France R and D, 1, Avenue du General De Gaulle, 92141 Clamart (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Impacts on Emission Reductions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reductions are surplus as long as they are not otherwise relied on to meet air quality attainment requirements in air quality programs related to your SIP. Enforceability: Measures that reduce emissions from electricity generation may be: (1) Enforceable...-family construction oESL Multi-family construction oESL Commercial construction 2. Green Power Production: Wind and other renewables 3. PUC SB7: Energy efficiency programs implemented by electric utilities under the Public Utility Regulatory Act §39.905 4. SECO...

Haberl,J; Bahman,Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Mercury and frame-dragging in light of the MESSENGER flybys: conflict with general relativity, poor knowledge of the physical properties of the Sun, data reduction artifact, or still insufficient observations?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Lense-Thirring precession of the longitude of perihelion of Mercury, as predicted by general relativity by using the value of the Sun's angular momentum S = 190 x 10^39 kg m^2 s^-1 from helioseismology, is -2.0 milliarcseconds per century, computed in a celestial equatorial reference frame. It disagrees at 4-{\\sigma} level with the correction 0.4 +/- 0.6 milliarcseconds per century to the standard Newtonian/Einsteinian precession, provided that the latter is to be entirely attributed to frame-dragging. The supplementary precession was recently determined in a global fit with the INPOP10a ephemerides to a long planetary data record (1914-2010) including also 3 data points collected in 2008-2009 from the MESSENGER spacecraft. The INPOP10a models did not include the solar gravitomagnetic field at all, so that its signature might have partly been removed in the data reduction process. On the other hand, the Lense-Thirring precession may have been canceled to a certain extent by the competing precessions caused by small mismodeling in the quadrupole mass moment of the Sun and in the PPN parameter beta entering the Schwarzschild-like 1PN precession, both modeled in INPOP10a. On the contrary, the oblateness of Mercury itself has a negligible impact on its perihelion. The same holds for the mismodelled actions of both the largest individual asteroids and the ring of the minor asteroids. Future analysis of more observations from the currently ongoing MESSENGER mission will shed further light on such an issue which, if confirmed, might potentially challenge our present-day picture of the currently accepted laws of gravitation and/or of the physical properties of the Sun.

Lorenzo Iorio

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Phase-Change Frame Walls (PCFWs) for On-Peak Demand Reduction and Energy Conservation in Residential Buildings: Development, Construction and Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

macroencapsulated phase-change materials (PCMs), incorporated therein, was developed, constructed, and evaluated. This prototype wall is referred to as - phase-change frame wall (PCFW). A PCFW is a typical frame wall, consisting of outside siding, thermal insulation...

Zhang, M.; Medina, M. A.; King, J. B.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Short mechanical biological treatment of municipal solid waste allows landfill impact reduction saving waste energy content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of full scale MBT process (28 d) in removing inhibition condition for successive biogas (ABP) production in landfill and in reducing total waste impact. For this purpose the organic fraction of MSW was treated in a full-scale MBT plant and successively incubated vs. untreated waste, in simulated landfills for one year. Results showed that untreated landfilled-waste gave a total ABP reduction that was null. On the contrary MBT process reduced ABP of 44%, but successive incubation for one year in landfill gave a total ABP reduction of 86%. This ABP reduction corresponded to a MBT process of 22 weeks length, according to the predictive regression developed for ABP reduction vs. MBT-time. Therefore short MBT allowed reducing landfill impact, preserving energy content (ABP) to be produced successively by bioreactor technology since pre-treatment avoided process inhibition because of partial waste biostabilization.

Barbara Scaglia; Silvia Salati; Alessandra Di Gregorio; Alberto Carrera; Fulvia Tambone; Fabrizio Adani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Modeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Peter Fritzson1,2 1 School ITEE, University of Queensland, Australia 2 PELAB, Department of ComputerModeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1 , Ariel Liebman1 at the ap- propriate rate. In this paper we present a Modelica model which explores the trade

Machanick, Philip

24

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Degration, T&D losses INTEGRATED NOx SAVINGS Energy Systems Laboratory p. 4 CUMULATIVE NOx EMISSIONS SAVINGS (2013) ? ESL Code Compliance (10.75 tons/day) ? Federal Buildings (0.81 tons/day) ? Furnace Pilot Lights (0.32 tons/day) ? PUCs SB7,SB5...1 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 1 Energy Systems Laboratory Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) September 2001 ? December...

Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

25

Reduction of Electric Vehicle Life-Cycle Impacts through Battery Recycling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reduction of Electric Vehicle Life-Cycle Impacts through Battery Recycling 29 th International Battery Seminar and Exhibit Ft. Lauderdale, FL March 15, 2012 The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government. Why think about recycling?  Material scarcity alleviated

26

IMPACTS OF ANTIFOAM ADDITIONS AND ARGON BUBBLING ON DEFENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY REDUCTION/OXIDATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During melting of HLW glass, the REDOX of the melt pool cannot be measured. Therefore, the Fe{sup +2}/{Sigma}Fe ratio in the glass poured from the melter must be related to melter feed organic and oxidant concentrations to ensure production of a high quality glass without impacting production rate (e.g., foaming) or melter life (e.g., metal formation and accumulation). A production facility such as the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) cannot wait until the melt or waste glass has been made to assess its acceptability, since by then no further changes to the glass composition and acceptability are possible. therefore, the acceptability decision is made on the upstream process, rather than on the downstream melt or glass product. That is, it is based on 'feed foward' statistical process control (SPC) rather than statistical quality control (SQC). In SPC, the feed composition to the melter is controlled prior to vitrification. Use of the DWPF REDOX model has controlled the balanjce of feed reductants and oxidants in the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT). Once the alkali/alkaline earth salts (both reduced and oxidized) are formed during reflux in the SRAT, the REDOX can only change if (1) additional reductants or oxidants are added to the SRAT, the Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME), or the Melter Feed Tank (MFT) or (2) if the melt pool is bubble dwith an oxidizing gas or sparging gas that imposes a different REDOX target than the chemical balance set during reflux in the SRAT.

Jantzen, C.; Johnson, F.

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

27

PILOT-SCALE EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION FOR NOx ON MERCURY SPECIATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Full-scale tests in Europe and bench-scale tests in the United States have indicated that the catalyst, normally vanadium/titanium metal oxide, used in the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO{sub x}, may promote the formation of Hg{sup 2+} and/or particulate-bound mercury (Hg{sub p}). To investigate the impact of SCR on mercury speciation, pilot-scale screening tests were conducted at the Energy & Environmental Research Center. The primary research goal was to determine whether the catalyst or the injection of ammonia in a representative SCR system promotes the conversion of Hg{sup 0} to Hg{sup 2+} and/or Hg{sub p} and, if so, which coal types and parameters (e.g., rank and chemical composition) affect the degree of conversion. Four different coals, three eastern bituminous coals and a Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal, were tested. Three tests were conducted for each coal: (1) baseline, (2) NH{sub 3} injection, and (3) SCR of NO{sub x}. Speciated mercury, ammonia slip, SO{sub 3}, and chloride measurements were made to determine the effect the SCR reactor had on mercury speciation. It appears that the impact of SCR of NO{sub x} on mercury speciation is coal-dependent. Although there were several confounding factors such as temperature and ammonia concentrations in the flue gas, two of the eastern bituminous coals showed substantial increases in Hg{sub p} at the inlet to the ESP after passing through an SCR reactor. The PRB coal showed little if any change due to the presence of the SCR. Apparently, the effects of the SCR reactor are related to the chloride, sulfur and, possibly, the calcium content of the coal. It is clear that additional work needs to be done at the full-scale level.

Dennis L. Laudal; John H. Pavlish; Kevin C. Galbreath; Jeffrey S. Thompson; Gregory F. Weber; Everett Sondreal

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Changing quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the process of changing reference frames in the case where the reference frames are quantum systems. We find that, as part of this process, decoherence is necessarily induced on any quantum system described relative to these frames. We explore this process with examples involving reference frames for phase and orientation. Quantifying the effect of changing quantum reference frames serves as a first step in developing a relativity principle for theories in which all objects including reference frames are necessarily quantum.

Matthew C. Palmer; Florian Girelli; Stephen D. Bartlett

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. II - Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-TR-06-06-08 ENERGY EFFICIENCY/RENEWABLE ENERGY IMPACT IN THE TEXAS EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN (TERP) VOLUME II ? SUMMARY REPORT Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality September 2004 ? December 2005..., the following results were determined for energy-code compliant new residential single- and multi-family construction in non-attainment and affected counties built in 2004: ? The annual savings in 2005 amounted to 348,794 megawatt hours (MWh...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Gilman, D.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.; Verdict, M.; Ahmed, M.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Degelman, L. O.; Turner, W. D.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP): Volume I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by adding the following additional energy efficiency initiatives: ? Requires 5,880 MW of generating capacity from renewable energy technologies by 2015; ? Includes 500 MW from non-wind renewables; ? Requires the PUCT to establish a target of 10... emissions reduction credits from energy efficiency and renewable energy programs; ? Requires the Texas Environmental Research Consortium (TERC) to contract with the Laboratory to develop and annually calculate creditable emissions reduction from wind...

Haberl, Jeff; Culp, Charles; Yazdani, Bahman; Gilman, Don; Fitzpatrick, Tom; Muns, Shirley; Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Degelman, Larry; Claridge, David

31

Frame-Semantic Parsing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frame semantics is a linguistic theory that has been instantiated for English in the FrameNet lexicon. We solve the problem of frame-semantic parsing using a two-stage statistical model that takes lexical targets (i.e., ...

Das, Dipanjan

32

Frame-semantic parsing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Frame semantics is a linguistic theory that has been instantiated for English in the FrameNet lexicon. We solve the problem of frame-semantic parsing using a two-stage statistical model that takes lexical targets i.e., content words and phrases in their ...

Dipanjan Das; Desai Chen; André F. T. Martins; Nathan Schneider; Noah A. Smith

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Study of anticipated impact on DOE programs from proposed reductions to the external occupational radiation exposure limit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the impact of reducing the occupational radiation exposure limit from 5 rem/yr to 2.5, 1.0 and 0.5 rem/yr, respectively produced the following conclusions: reduction of the occupational exposure limit would result in significant increase in total accumulated exposure to the current radiation worker population and could require an increase in the work force; important programs would have to be abandoned at a planned exposure limit of 0.5 rem/yr; some engineering technology is not sufficiently developed to design or operate at the 0.5 rem/yr limit; even a factor of 2 reduction (2.5 rem/yr) would significantly increase costs and would result in an increase in total exposure to the work force; in addition to a significant one-time initial capital cost resulting from a 0.5 rem/yr limit, there would be a significant increase in annual costs; the major emphasis in controlling occupational exposure should be on further reduction of total man-rem; and current standards are used only as a limit. For example, 97% of the employees receive less than 0.5 rem/yr.

None

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Life cycle assessment of 50 MW wind firms and strategies for impact reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The world today is continuously striving toward a carbon neutral clean energy technology. Hence, renewable wind power systems are increasingly receiving the attention of mankind. Energy production with structurally more promising and economically more competitive design is no more the sole criterion while installing new megawatt (MW) range of turbines. Rather important life cycle analysis (LCA) issues like climate change, ozone layer depletion, effect on surrounding environments e.g. eco-system quality, natural resources and human health emerge as dominant factors from green energy point of view. Hence, the study covers life cycle impact analysis (LCIA) of three wind farms: one onshore horizontal, one offshore horizontal, another vertical axis. It appears that vertical axis wind farm generates per unit electricity with lowest impact followed by horizontal offshore and horizontal onshore farms. The study, henceforward, discovers most adverse impact contributing materials in today's multi megawatt wind turbines and subsequently substitutes copper, the topmost impact contributor, with more eco-friendly aluminum alloys and its corresponding process routes. In this process, it reduces overall life cycle impacts up to 30% for future greener wind farms. In later stages, it compares all major electricity production technologies, viz., oil, diesel, coal, natural gas, wind, solar, biomass, nuclear, hydro plant in a common platform which demonstrates the wind farms performing the best except the hydro-kinetic ones. However, as the study suggests, offshore VAWT farm may even perform better than hydro-kinetic farms because of higher capacity factors in the high sea. Findings from the study can be deployed to harness massive scale green electricity from environmentally more clean and green turbines.

A. Rashedi; I. Sridhar; K.J. Tseng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Frame independent cosmological perturbations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compute the third order gauge invariant action for scalar-graviton interactions in the Jordan frame. We demonstrate that the gauge invariant action for scalar and tensor perturbations on one physical hypersurface only differs from that on another physical hypersurface via terms proportional to the equation of motion and boundary terms, such that the evolution of non-Gaussianity may be called unique. Moreover, we demonstrate that the gauge invariant curvature perturbation and graviton on uniform field hypersurfaces in the Jordan frame are equal to their counterparts in the Einstein frame. These frame independent perturbations are therefore particularly useful in relating results in different frames at the perturbative level. On the other hand, the field perturbation and graviton on uniform curvature hypersurfaces in the Jordan and Einstein frame are non-linearly related, as are their corresponding actions and n-point functions.

Prokopec, Tomislav; Weenink, Jan, E-mail: t.prokopec@uu.nl, E-mail: j.g.weenink@uu.nl [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, Leuvenlaan 4, 3585 CE Utrecht (Netherlands)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Impact of Sr segregation on the electronic structure and oxygen reduction activity of SrTi1xFexO3 surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

active cathode materials, a deeper under- standing of the correlation between the cathode surface, to explain the impact of Sr segregation on the oxygen reduction activity of cathodes in solid oxide fuel to decrease the SOFC working temperature to an intermediate range ($500 to 700 C), new cathode materials

Yildiz, Bilge

37

Surgery on frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ais a non-orthogonal subset of F with cardinality 2. Then A is rigid. 18 Proof. Suppose F = {xj}kj=1 is a unit norm tight frame and A = {x1,x2} is a non- orthogonal set which can be replaced by A? = {y1,y2} such that {y1,y2,x3,...,xk} is also a unit norm... that we have used include [2],[4],[5],[7],[11]. We have also used several textbooks and research monographs for basis theory and notation in the subjects of operator theory [18],[21],[22], matrix analysis [17],[27], and group representation [23]. Frames...

Nguyen, Nga Quynh

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

U.S. Virgin Islands Transportation Petroleum Reduction Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NREL technical report determines a way for USVI to meet its petroleum reduction goal in the transportation sector. It does so first by estimating current petroleum use and key statistics and characteristics of USVI transportation. It then breaks the goal down into subordinate goals and estimates the petroleum impacts of these goals with a wedge analysis. These goals focus on reducing vehicle miles, improving fuel economy, improving traffic flow, using electric vehicles, using biodiesel and renewable diesel, and using 10% ethanol in gasoline. The final section of the report suggests specific projects to achieve the goals, and ranks the projects according to cost, petroleum reduction, time frame, and popularity.

Johnson, C.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Frame Heat Transfer Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Current Window Heat Transfer Design Tools Arild Gustavsen 1,* , Dariush Arasteh 2 , Bjørn Petter Jelle 3,4 , Charlie Curcija 5 and Christian Kohler 2 1 Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Alfred Getz vei 3, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway 2 Windows and Daylighting Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road Mail Stop 90R3111, Berkeley, CA 94720- 8134, USA 3 Department of Civil and Transport Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Høgskoleringen 7A, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway 4 Department of Building Materials and Structures, SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, Høgskoleringen 7B,NO-7465 Trondheim, Norway

40

EV Everywhere Framing Workshop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EV Everywhere Framing Workshop EV Everywhere Framing Workshop David Sandalow Under Secretary of Energy (Acting) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs U.S. Department of Energy Dearborn, Michigan June 21, 2012 2 | U.S. Department of Energy energy.gov Transportation sector depends on oil Transportation sector depends on oil Petroleum 94% Natural Gas < 1% Biofuels 5% U.S. Transportation Fuel Share Gasoline prices are high Current Avg. $3.53 (as of June 18)* High gasoline prices are a burden on American families. *Source: EIA 3 | U.S. Department of Energy energy.gov U.S. oil import bill is almost $1 billion per day U.S. oil import bill is almost $1 billion per day http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/data.cfm#imports 4 | U.S. Department of Energy energy.gov

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using Cu-zeolite  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Discusses the impact of Na in biodiesel on three emission control devices: the diesel particulate filter, diesel oxidation catalyst, and zeolyte-based SCR catalyst

42

MTS Table Top Load frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MTS Table Top Load frame MTS Table Top Load frame The Non-destructive Evaluation group operates an MTS Table Top Load frame for ultimate strength and life cycle testing of various ceramic, ceramic-matrix (FGI), carbon, carbon fiber, cermet (CMC) and metal alloy engineering samples. The load frame is a servo-hydraulic type designed to function in a closed loop configuration under computer control. The system can perform non-cyclic, tension, compression and flexure testing and cyclic fatigue tests. The system is comprised of two parts: * The Load Frame and * The Control System. Load Frame The Load Frame (figure 1) is a cross-head assembly which includes a single moving grip, a stationary grip and LVDT position sensor. It can generate up to 25 kN (5.5 kip) of force in the sample under test and can

43

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) Volume I-Summary Report, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, January 2009-December 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report, 'Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan' to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. This report is organized in three volumes: Volume I - Summary Report - provides an executive summary...

Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Lewis, C.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Gilman, D.; Degelman, L.; McKelvey, K.; Claridge, D.

44

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Volume I--Summary Report, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, January 2008-December 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report, 'Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan' to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. This report is organized in three volumes: Volume I - Summary Report - provides an executive summary...

Baltazar, Juan-Carlos; Claridge, David; Yazdani, Bahman; Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Liu, Zi; Muns, Shirley; Gilman, Don; Degelman, Larry; Haberl, Jeff; Culp, Charles

45

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Volume I - Summary Report, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, January 2006 - June 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report, 'Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan' to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. This report is organized in three volumes: Volume I - Summary Report - provides an executive summary...

Verdict, M.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Yazdani, B.; Ahmed, M.; Degelman, L.; Muns, S.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Gilman, D.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; McKelvey, K.; Montgomery, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

46

Impacts of halogen additions on mercury oxidation, in a slipstream selective catalyst reduction (SCR), reactor when burning sub-bituminous coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparison of impacts of halogen species on the elemental mercury (Hg(0)) oxidation in a real coal-derived flue gas atmosphere. It is reported there is a higher percentage of Hg(0) in the flue gas when burning sub-bituminous coal (herein Powder River Basin (PRB) coal) and lignite, even with the use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR). The higher Hg(0) concentration in the flue gas makes it difficult to use the wet-FGD process for the mercury emission control in coal-fired utility boilers. Investigation of enhanced Hg(0) oxidation by addition of hydrogen halogens (HF, HCl, HBr, and HI) was conducted in a slipstream reactor with and without SCR catalysts when burning PRB coal. Two commercial SCR catalysts were evaluated. SCR catalyst no. 1 showed higher efficiencies of both NO reduction and Hg(0) oxidation than those of SCR catalyst no. 2. NH{sub 3} addition seemed to inhibit the Hg(0) oxidation, which indicated competitive processes between NH{sub 3} reduction and Hg(0) oxidation on the surface of SCR catalysts. The hydrogen halogens, in the order of impact on Hg(0) oxidation, were HBr, HI, and HCl or HF. Addition of HBr at approximately 3 ppm could achieve 80% Hg(0) oxidation. Addition of HI at approximately 5 ppm could achieve 40% Hg(0) oxidation. In comparison to the empty reactor, 40% Hg(0) oxidation could be achieved when HCl addition was up to 300 ppm. The enhanced Hg(0) oxidation by addition of HBr and HI seemed not to be correlated to the catalytic effects by both evaluated SCR catalysts. The effectiveness of conversion of hydrogen halogens to halogen molecules or interhalogens seemed to be attributed to their impacts on Hg(0) oxidation. 30 refs., 4 figs.

Yan Cao; Zhengyang Gao; Jiashun Zhu; Quanhai Wang; Yaji Huang; Chengchung Chiu; Bruce Parker; Paul Chu; Wei-ping Pan [Western Kentucky University (WKU), Bowling Green, KY (United States). Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology (ICSET)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

DOWNSTREAM IMPACTS OF SLUDGE MASS REDUCTION VIA ALUMINUM DISSOLUTION ON DWPF PROCESSING OF SAVANNAH RIVER SITE HIGH LEVEL WASTE - 9382  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SRS sludge that was to become a major fraction of Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) contained a large fraction of H-Modified PUREX (HM) sludge, containing a large fraction of aluminum compounds that could adversely impact the processing and increase the vitrified waste volume. It is beneficial to reduce the non-radioactive fraction of the sludge to minimize the number of glass waste canisters that must be sent to a Federal Repository. Removal of aluminum compounds, such as boehmite and gibbsite, from sludge can be performed with the addition of NaOH solution and heating the sludge for several days. Preparation of SB5 involved adding sodium hydroxide directly to the waste tank and heating the contents to a moderate temperature through slurry pump operation to remove a fraction of this aluminum. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was tasked with demonstrating this process on actual tank waste sludge in our Shielded Cells Facility. This paper evaluates some of the impacts of aluminum dissolution on sludge washing and DWPF processing by comparing sludge processing with and without aluminum dissolution. It was necessary to demonstrate these steps to ensure that the aluminum removal process would not adversely impact the chemical and physical properties of the sludge which could result in slower processing or process upsets in the DWPF.

Pareizs, J; Cj Bannochie, C; Michael Hay, M; Daniel McCabe, D

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

48

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. I - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) on the impacts of energy conservation in state agencies and political subdivisions. The Laboratory has also requested data about electricity generated from wind turbines from the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT). Total cumulative, integrated..., and green power provided by wind turbine3 renewable energy sources (i.e., ERCOT) programs: o energy efficiency savings from code-compliant new construction: 900.52 tons/year, and 4.47 tons/peak-OSD in 2009; and 1,167.49 tons/year with 5.75 tons...

Degelman, L. O.; Gilman, D.; Ahmed, M.; Yazdani, B.; Liu, Z.; Verdict, M.; Muns, S.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Turner, W. D.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Current Window Heat Transfer Design Tools Title Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Current Window Heat Transfer Design Tools Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-1022E Year of Publication 2008 Authors Gustavsen, Arlid, Dariush K. Arasteh, Bjørn Petter Jelle, Dragan C. Curcija, and Christian Kohler Journal Journal of Building Physics Volume 32 Pagination 131-153 Call Number LBNL-1022E Abstract While window frames typically represent 20-30% of the overall window area, their impact on the total window heat transfer rates may be much larger. This effect is even greater in low-conductance (highly insulating) windows which incorporate very low conductance glazings. Developing low-conductance window frames requires accurate simulation tools for product research and development. Based on a literature review and an evaluation of current methods of modeling heat transfer through window frames, we conclude that current procedures specified in ISO standards are not sufficiently adequate for accurately evaluating heat transfer through the low-conductance frames.

50

A survey of moving frames  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper surveys the new, algorithmic theory of moving frames developed by the author and M. Fels. Applications in geometry, computer vision, classical invariant theory, the calculus of variations, and numerical analysis are indicated.

Peter J. Olver

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

DOE/EA-1472: Finding of No Significant Impact for the Commercial Demonstration of the Low NOx Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air Integration System Emission Reduction Technology (03/11/03)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IMPACT IMPACT COMMERCIAL DEMONSRATION OF THE LOW NOx BURNER/SEPARATED OVER- FIRE AIR (LNB/SOFA) INTEGRATON SYSTEM EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY HOLCOMB STATION SUNFLOWER ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION FINNEY COUNTY, KANSAS AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), to analyze the potential impacts of the commercial application of the Low-NOx Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) integration system to achieve nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions reduction at Sunflower's Holcomb Unit No. 1 (Holcomb Station), located near Garden City, in Finney County, Kansas. The Holcomb Station would be modified in three distinct phases to demonstrate the synergistic effect of layering NO,

52

On the impact and penetration of transparent targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...frames per second framing rate and a maximum of 24 frames...independently. The framing rate was adjusted through...15 frames showing the penetration phase in detail. The...1990 High strain-rate shear response of PC...investigation and analysis of penetration in oblique impact. In...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Framing Change: Social Movement Framing in University Living Wage Movements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these living wage movements, two cases, Texas A&M University and Georgetown University, were selected for this study to examine through the lens of the social movement framing perspective. Data for the cases included interviews with activists and administrators...

Metcalf, Laurie D.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

Human EEG correlates of spatial navigation within egocentric and allocentric reference frames  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the impact of path complexity on brain dynamics of subjects who preferentially use an egocentric (Turners) or an allocentric (Nonturners) reference frame during spatial navigation. Participants indicated a return bearing direction ('point-to-origin') ... Keywords: EEG, ERSP, ICA, allocentric, egocentric, independent component analysis, path integration, reference frames, source reconstruction

Markus Plank; Hermann J. Müller; Julie Onton; Scott Makeig; Klaus Gramann

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Joint strength in RCS frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) program ics. on composite and hybrid systems at Texas A&M University, the objective of this thesis is to investigate the joint strength in reinforced column-steel beam (RCS) special moment frames...

Kirby, Cynthia Dawn

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

FUSION FRAMES AND THEORETICAL APPLICATIONS: FOR THE FUSION FRAME WEB PAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUSION FRAMES AND THEORETICAL APPLICATIONS: FOR THE FUSION FRAME WEB PAGE PETER G. CASAZZA The deepest and most difficult question in Fusion Frame Theory is the construction of fusion frames with added that they do not show how to construct the frames. Recently, Casazza and Fickus [4] have developed a Fusion

Casazza, Pete

57

Advanced House Framing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced House Framing Advanced House Framing Advanced House Framing April 13, 2012 - 7:57pm Addthis Two-story home using advanced framing techniques. Two-story home using advanced framing techniques. Advanced house framing means materials, labor, and heating and cooling cost savings because the approach: Uses less lumber and generates less waste than typical framing methods. Increases energy efficiency by replacing lumber with insulation material, resulting in a higher whole-wall R-value through reduced thermal bridging and increased insulation. How does it work? Advanced framing works structurally by aligning framing members directly over each other to transfer the load from roof trusses or rafters to second floor wall studs, to floor joists, to first floor studs to the foundation,

58

Dissipation flow-frames: particle, energy, thermometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We associate the following physical co-mover conditions of to different frame choices: i) Eckart: particle flow, ii) Landau-Lifshitz: energy flow, iii) J\\"uttner: moving thermometer frame. The role of fixing a flow-frame is analysed with respect to local equilibrium concentrating on dissipative currents and forces in single component relativistic fluids. The special role of a "J\\"uttner frame" is explored and contrasted to the more common Eckart and Landau-Lifshitz choices.

Ván, P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dissipation flow-frames: particle, energy, thermometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We associate the following physical co-mover conditions of to different frame choices: i) Eckart: particle flow, ii) Landau-Lifshitz: energy flow, iii) J\\"uttner: moving thermometer frame. The role of fixing a flow-frame is analysed with respect to local equilibrium concentrating on dissipative currents and forces in single component relativistic fluids. The special role of a "J\\"uttner frame" is explored and contrasted to the more common Eckart and Landau-Lifshitz choices.

P. Ván; T. S. Biró

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

60

An Introduction to Frames Brody Dylan Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Introduction to Frames Brody Dylan Johnson St. Louis University 12 October 2010 Brody Dylan Johnson (St. Louis University) An Introduction to Frames 12 October 2010 1 / 36 #12;Overview This goal, etc. Brody Dylan Johnson (St. Louis University) An Introduction to Frames 12 October 2010 2 / 36 #12

Johnson, Brody Dylan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Coherence Frame, Entanglement Conservation, and Einselection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the theory of coherence frame is developed. Two kinds of coherence frame are classified. Under coherence frame, the entanglement is conserved in the entanglement swapping process, without entanglement sudden death and birth. The einselection method for the preferred basis problem in the entangle process is shown as incomplete.

Dong-Sheng Wang

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

62

Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. II – Technical ReportAnnual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Sept. 2003 to Aug. 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-TR-04/12-04 ENERGY EFFICIENCY / RENEWABLE ENERGY IMPACT IN THE TEXAS EMISSIONS REDUCTION PLAN (TERP) VOLUME II ? TECHNICAL REPORT Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality September 2003 ? August 2004... Degelman, P.E. Dan Turner, Ph.D., P.E. December 2004 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System TERP Report, Vol. II, p. 1 December 2004 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A...

Degelman, L. O.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Verdict, M.; Liu, Z.; Muns, S.; Ahmad, M.; Turner, W. D.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Bryant, J.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Gilman, D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A multi-frame, megahertz CCd imager  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To record high-speed, explosively driven, events, a high efficiency, high speed, imager has been fabricated which is capable of framing rates of 2 MHz. This device utilizes a 512 x 512 pixel charge coupled device (CCD) with a 25cm{sup 2} active area, and incorporates an electronic shutter technology designed for back-illuminated CCD's, making this the largest and fastest back-illuminated CCD in the world. Characterizing an imager capable of this frame rate presents unique challenges. High speed LED drivers and intense radioactive sources are needed to perform the most basic measurements. We investigate properties normally associated with single-frame CCD's such as read noise, full-well capacity, sensitivity, signal to noise ratio, linearity and dynamic range. In addition, we investigate several properties associated with the imager's multi-frame operation such as transient frame response and frame-to-frame isolation while contrasting our measurement techniques and results with more conventional devices.

Mendez, Jacob [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balzer, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watson, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reich, Robert [MIT-LL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Emissions Reduction Emissions Reduction Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Emissions Reduction Requirements Recognizing the impact of carbon-emitting fuels on climate change and to

65

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame,"...

66

Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation Next Generation Advanced Framing - Building America Top Innovation This photo shows advanced framing on a rim...

67

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Frame Simulator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Frame Simulator Frame Simulator Frame Simulator logo Frame Simulator makes calculation of the thermal transmittance in windows and building components an extremely easy process. It can be used to: analyze how heat flows through building components and fenestrations estimate surface temperatures and predict condensation problems discover weak points in window frames calculate thermal transmittance Uf and linear conductance Lf2d of any type of window frame as well as the Uw thermal transmittance of entire complex fenestration. Precise simulation of the heat transfer is performed using a two-dimensional numerical method for steady state boundary conditions conforming to ISO 10077-2 (finite elements). Screen Shots Keywords 2D, heat transfer, thermal analysis, thermal transmittance, thermal

68

Demand Reduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Grantees may use funds to coordinate with electricity supply companies and utilities to reduce energy demands on their power systems. These demand reduction programs are usually coordinated through...

69

Evaluation of Flood Runoff Reduction Effect of LID (Low Impact Development) based on the Decrease in CN: Case Studies from Gimcheon Pyeonghwa District, Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract LID are spread on a small scale throughout target area, therefore, evaluation of their overall effect on flood reduction is not straightforward. As one solution dealing with this problem, Yoo et al. (2012) proposed a methodology for quantifying the flood runoff reduction effect of storage facilities by curve number (CN). Introduction of various infiltration or storage facilities causes the decrease in CN, which can be calculated using the runoff. The result derived was summarized in a graph showing the decrease in CN as an effect of the runoff reduction. That is, the runoff reduction effect of infiltration or storage facilities was able to be easily estimated using the derived graph. In this study, LID effects of Gimcheon Pyeonghwa district in Korea was quantified using this method. Additionally, the reduction amount of the runoff volume using the method suggested by Yoo et al. (2012) was compared with that estimated by using SWMM 5.0. As a result of this, the effect of LID facilities was shown similarly in both cases using the methodology used in this study and simulated using SWMM 5.0. This result verified that the methodology was valid even though it is straightforward and simple.

J. Sin; C. Jun; J.H. Zhu; C. Yoo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Research on a Post-Frame Burley Tobacco Curing Structure for Wire-Frame Racks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research is to develop a post-frame structure to utilize wire-frame racks in the curing of burley tobacco in non-traditional growing areas.… (more)

Long, John Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Texas Adapted Genetic Strategies for Beef Cattle X: Frame Score, Frame Size, and Weight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas Adapted Genetic Strategies for Beef Cattle X: Frame Score, Frame Size, and Weight Stephen P. Hammack and Ronald J. Gill* B ody size is an important genetic factor in beef cattle production. Historically, size was first esti...Texas Adapted Genetic Strategies for Beef Cattle X: Frame Score, Frame Size, and Weight Stephen P. Hammack and Ronald J. Gill* B ody size is an important genetic factor in beef cattle production. Historically, size was first esti...

Hammack, Stephen P.; Gill, Ronald J.

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

72

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: FRAME4  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FRAME4 FRAME4 FRAME4 logo. Uses two-dimensional finite-volume analysis to evaluate heat transfer through complex building components. FRAME is part of the FRAMEplus toolkit for analysis of windows, doors, walls, roofs and below-grade assemblies. Users draw building components as assemblies of cross-sections. Any interior or exterior environmental condition can be applied. .DXF files and VISION4 files can be imported to speed up data entry. Results are displayed graphically and are used to determine heat transfer, potential for thermal bridging and surface condensation. The FRAME4 simulations (when combined with VISION) are an equal alternative to testing to determine the U-value and solar heat gain coefficient of windows and doors. The U.S. National Fenestration Rating Council and Canadian Standard Association recognize

73

Notice of Cancellation of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Clean Power From Integrated Coal/Ore Reduction (CPICOR) Project (DOE/EIS-0280) (10/26/04)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 0 Federal Register / Vol. 69, No. 206 / Tuesday, October 26, 2004 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Notice of Cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement for the McIntosh Unit 4 Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Demonstration Project AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement Process. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is canceling the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for a proposal by the City of Lakeland to design, construct, and operate a project known as the McIntosh Unit 4 Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Demonstration Project in Lakeland, Florida. DOE selected the City of Lakeland's proposal for further consideration under DOE's Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program

74

Data Reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data reduction has two meanings. Firstly, in analysis, it is the process of reducing large masses of data to produce a few summary statistics. This process involves grouping data into tables, visualizing the...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Chapter 17 - The Frame Analysis Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Frame analysis is associated with analyzing large structures mainly comprising uniform cross-section channels/frames. Some of the examples include bridges structural platforms and towers. Frame analysis, within Autodesk Inventor Simulation, allows defining criteria for static and modal analysis, including prestressing. In addition, frame analysis uses beam elements instead of the 3D tetrahedron elements used within the Stress Analysis environment. A simple beam element comprises two nodes, one at each end, and has three translational and three rotational degrees of freedom (DOF) six in total. Frame analysis graphic window displays the model geometry and simulation results. Updates to show the current status of the simulation, including applying boundary conditions and loads with the help of view manipulation tools. The process of creating an analysis involves four core steps: idealization—creating channels using content center and/or frame generator; boundary conditions idealization—creating channels using content center and/or frame generator apply loads and constraints and apply/modify connections beam release and rigid links; run simulation and analyze–analyze, and interpret results; and optimization—customizing beam properties—change materials.

Wasim Younis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Impact of Sr segregation on the electronic structure and oxygen reduction activity of SrTi[subscript 1?x]Fe[subscript x]O[subscript 3] surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The correlation between the surface chemistry and electronic structure is studied for SrTi[subscript 1?x]Fe[subscript x]O[subscript 3] (STF), as a model perovskite system, to explain the impact of Sr segregation on the ...

Chen, Yan

77

Chaotic inflation in Jordan frame supergravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the inflationary scenario with non-minimal coupling in 4D Jordan frame supergravity. We find that there occurs a tachyonic instability along the direction of the accompanying non-inflaton field in generic Jordan frame supergravity models. We propose a higher order correction to the Jordan frame function for solving the tachyonic mass problem and show that the necessary correction can be naturally generated by the heavy thresholds without spoiling the slow-roll conditions. We discuss the implication of the result on the Higgs inflation in NMSSM.

Lee, Hyun Min, E-mail: hyun.min.lee@cern.ch [CERN, Theory division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Self-aligning biaxial load frame  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus for use in testing the strength of specimens while maintaining a constant specimen centroid during the loading operation. The self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus consists of a load frame and two load assemblies for imparting two independent perpendicular forces upon a test specimen. The constant test specimen centroid is maintained by providing elements for linear motion of the load frame relative to a fixed crosshead, and by alignment and linear motion elements of one load assembly relative to the load frame.

Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Epstein, Jonathan S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lloyd, W. Randolph (Idaho Falls, ID)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Self-aligning biaxial load frame  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus for use in testing the strength of specimens while maintaining a constant specimen centroid during the loading operation. The self-aligning biaxial loading apparatus consists of a load frame and two load assemblies for imparting two independent perpendicular forces upon a test specimen. The constant test specimen centroid is maintained by providing elements for linear motion of the load frame relative to a fixed cross head, and by alignment and linear motion elements of one load assembly relative to the load frame. 3 figures.

Ward, M.B.; Epstein, J.S.; Lloyd, W.R.

1994-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

80

Fusion Frames Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 Fusion Frames Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok Abstract Novel technological advances. Fusion frames, which can be regarded as frames of subspaces, do satisfy exactly those needs. They analyze, distributed processing, fusion coherence, fusion frame, fusion frame potential, isoclinic subspaces, mutually

Kutyniok, Gitta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Racial Framing and the Multiracial Movement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the traditional white racist frame by the multiracial movement and the interest of whites in maintaining social domination resulted in the "mark all that apply" decision by the Office and Management and Budget....

Couch, Todd Christopher

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Quantization and erasures in frame representations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frame representations, which correspond to overcomplete generalizations to basis expansions, are often used in signal processing to provide robustness to errors. In this thesis robustness is provided through the use of ...

Boufounos, Petros T., 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Allocation Reductions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Allocation Allocation Reductions Quarterly Allocation Reductions MPP (or computational) repositories that haven't used significant amounts of time are adjusted at certain times by transferring a part of the unused balance to the corresponding DOE Office reserve. The following schedule will be used for allocation year 2014 (which runs 14 January 2014 through 132January 2015). On April 9: if usage is less than 10% remove 25% of the unused balance On July 9: if usage is less than 25% remove 25% of the unused balance if usage is less than 10% remove 50% of the unused balance On October 8: if usage is less than 50% remove 25% of the unused balance if usage is less than 25% remove 75% of the unused balance if usage is less than 10% remove 90% of the unused balance On November 5:

84

Nitrate reduction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Nitrates are reduced to nitrogen gas by contacting the nitrates with a metal to reduce the nitrates to nitrites which are then contacted with an amide to produce nitrogen and carbon dioxide or acid anions which can be released to the atmosphere. Minor amounts of metal catalysts can be useful in the reduction of the nitrates to nitrites. Metal salts which are formed can be treated electrochemically to recover the metals.

Dziewinski, Jacek J. (Los Alamos, NM); Marczak, Stanislaw (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Geometry and constructions of finite frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of H and [fi]i?Ac is a frame for V?. In addition, we define the correlation network of F to be the oriented graph on I labeled vertices where an edge (vi,vj) is in the edge set if and only if ?fi,fj?negationslash= 0 and i < j. This network is denoted ?F... network ?F is disconnected. Proof. F is orthodecomposable if and only if there is a proper, nonempty subset A ? I such that [fi]i?A is a frame for some subspace V of H and [fi]i?Ac is a frame 17 for V?. This is equivalent to the statement ?fi,fj? = 0...

Strawn, Nathaniel Kirk

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Handbook of normal frames and coordinates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.

Bozhidar Z. Iliev

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Assessing the impact of energy saving measures on the future energy demand and related GHG (greenhouse gas) emission reduction of Croatia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the light of European energy-climate package and its measures for increasing security of supply, decreasing the impact on environment and stimulating sustainability, Croatia as a new EU (European Union) member state needs to reconsider and develop new energy policy towards energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. Croatian long-term energy demand and its effect on the future national GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions are analysed in this paper. For that purpose the NeD model was constructed (National energy demand model). The model is comprised out of six modules, each representing one sector: industry, transport, households, services, agriculture and construction. The model is based on bottom up approach. The analysis has shown that energy policy measures, identified through this paper, can potentially achieve energy savings up to 157 PJ in the year 2050, which presents a 40% decrease to referent (frozen efficiency) scenario. Results obtained in this paper were also compared to the Croatian National Energy Strategy for the years 2020 and 2030. It was shown that if already implemented policies were properly taken into account the actual final energy demand for the year 2030 would be 43% lower than projected by the Croatian National Energy Strategy.

Tomislav Pukšec; Brian Vad Mathiesen; Tomislav Novosel; Neven Dui?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Contemporary Mathematics Robustness of Fusion Frames under Erasures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as all types of sensor networks [19]. The notion of fusion frames, introduced by the authors in [10Contemporary Mathematics Robustness of Fusion Frames under Erasures of Subspaces and of Local Frame Vectors Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok Abstract. Fusion frames were recently introduced to model

Casazza, Pete

89

Contemporary Mathematics Robustness of Fusion Frames under Erasures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as all types of sensor networks [15]. The notion of fusion frames, introduced by the authors in [8Contemporary Mathematics Robustness of Fusion Frames under Erasures of Subspaces and of Local Frame Vectors Peter G. Casazza and Gitta Kutyniok Abstract. Fusion frames were recently introduced to model

Kutyniok, Gitta

90

Jordan Frame Supergravity and Inflation in NMSSM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a complete explicit N=1, d=4 supergravity action in an arbitrary Jordan frame with non-minimal scalar-curvature coupling of the form $\\Phi(z, \\bar z)\\, R$. The action is derived by suitably gauge-fixing the superconformal action. The theory has a modified Kaehler geometry, and it exhibits a significant dependence on the frame function $\\Phi (z, \\bar z)$ and its derivatives over scalars, in the bosonic as well as in the fermionic part of the action. Under certain simple conditions, the scalar kinetic terms in the Jordan frame have a canonical form. We consider an embedding of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) gauge theory into supergravity, clarifying the Higgs inflation model recently proposed by Einhorn and Jones. We find that the conditions for canonical kinetic terms are satisfied for the NMSSM scalars in the Jordan frame, which leads to a simple action. However, we find that the gauge singlet field experiences a strong tachyonic instability during inflation in this model. Thus, a modification of the model is required to support the Higgs-type inflation.

Sergio Ferrara; Renata Kallosh; Andrei Linde; Alessio Marrani; Antoine Van Proeyen

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

7 - Door Types and Door Frames  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter covers the basics about Door Types and Door Frames. It provides an introduction about Doors and Security, information about the types of door construction and how they affect system performance and security. It is essential to understanding how to make security systems work reliably, and on other types of doors including roll-up doors and revolving doors. Doors have a tough job. A door can be evaluated on important criteria like they must block passage, they must open and close easily, they should be robust against intrusion, and they should fit the visual aesthetics of the environment in which they are mounted. The basic door is the standard Single- and Double-Leaf Swinging Door. This door includes a frame, hinges, door(s), a lock, and sometimes other hardware including a door closer, door coordinator, and kick plates. This chapter expands on the information contained in Chapter 5, Access Control Portals. Access Control is all about controlling access through portals. For pedestrians, most portals are at a door and door frame. This chapter explains the basics you need to know about how doors and frames are constructed and how they affect access control portal decisions. Author Information: Thomas L. Norman, CPP, PSP, CSC, Executive Vice President, Protection Partners International

Thomas Norman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Composite RCS frame systems: construction and peformance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research program is to further evaluate the performance and constructability of reinforced concrete (RC) column-steel beam-slab systems (RCS) for use in low- to mid-rise space frame buildings located in regions of high wind...

Steele, John Phillip

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Shadowgraph illumination techniques for framing cameras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many pulse power applications in use at the Pegasus facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory require specialized imaging techniques. Due to the short event duration times, visible images are recorded by high-speed electronic framing cameras. Framing cameras provide the advantages of high speed movies of back light experiments. These high-speed framing cameras require bright illumination sources to record images with 10 ns integration times. High-power lasers offer sufficient light for back illuminating the target assemblies; however, laser speckle noise lowers the contrast in the image. Laser speckle noise also limits the effective resolution. This discussion focuses on the use of telescopes to collect images 50 feet away. Both light field and dark field illumination techniques are compared. By adding relay lenses between the assembly target and the telescope, a high-resolution magnified image can be recorded. For dark field illumination, these relay lenses can be used to separate the object field from the illumination laser. The illumination laser can be made to focus onto the opaque secondary of a Schmidt telescope. Thus, the telescope only collects scattered light from the target assembly. This dark field illumination eliminates the laser speckle noise and allows high-resolution images to be recorded. Using the secondary of the telescope to block the illumination laser makes dark field illumination an ideal choice for the framing camera.

Malone, R.M.; Flurer, R.L.; Frogget, B.C. [Bechtel Nevada, Los Alamos, NM (United States). Los Alamos Operations; Sorenson, D.S.; Holmes, V.H.; Obst, A.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Einstein and Jordan frames reconciled: a frame-invariant approach to scalar-tensor cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scalar-Tensor theories of gravity can be formulated in different frames, most notably, the Einstein and the Jordan one. While some debate still persists in the literature on the physical status of the different frames, a frame transformation in Scalar-Tensor theories amounts to a local redefinition of the metric, and then should not affect physical results. We analyze the issue in a cosmological context. In particular, we define all the relevant observables (redshift, distances, cross-sections, ...) in terms of frame-independent quantities. Then, we give a frame-independent formulation of the Boltzmann equation, and outline its use in relevant examples such as particle freeze-out and the evolution of the CMB photon distribution function. Finally, we derive the gravitational equations for the frame-independent quantities at first order in perturbation theory. From a practical point of view, the present approach allows the simultaneous implementation of the good aspects of the two frames in a clear and straightforward way.

R. Catena; M. Pietroni; L. Scarabello

2006-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

95

Nucleic Acid Standards - Standard Ref. Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Standard Reference Standard Reference Standard Reference Frame Supplemental Information Ideal Geometries X-PLOR Parameters Valence Geometries RNA Ontology Consortium mmCIF Resources PDBML Resources A Standard Reference Frame for the Description of Nucleic Acid Base-pair Geometry A common point of reference is needed to describe the three-dimensional arrangements of bases and base pairs in nucleic acid structures. [1]. For example, parts of a structure, which appear "normal" according to one computational scheme, may be highly unusual according to another and vice versa. It is thus difficult to carry out comprehensive comparisons of nucleic acid structures and to pinpoint unique conformational features in individual structures. In order to resolve these issues, a group of

96

Quantum memory in non-inertial frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of quantum memory in non-inertial frames under the influence of amplitude damping, depolarizing, phase flip and bit-phase flip channels. It is shown that the entanglement of initial state is heavily influenced by quantum correlations. It is seen that quantum memory compensates the loss of entanglement generated caused by the Unruh effect. It is interesting to note that the sudden death of entanglement disappears for any acceleration for higher values of memory. Therefore, it is possible to avoid ESD in non-inertial frames due to the presence of quantum memory. Furthermore, the degree of entanglement is enhanced as we increase the degree of memory and it maximizes for maximum correlations.

M. Ramzan; M. K. Khan

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

The Framing and Evaluation of Multiple Hypotheses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) for details). 2.2 Research Questions The above discussion shows that in some cases probability revisions logically can be non-complementary and also additive, super-additive, or sub-additive. Therefore, it is not clear whether the non-complementary belief...-additivity. The consistency between decision-makers' hypothesis framing and evaluation provides evidence of whether cognitive difficulties in revisions are present, as suggested by prior studies, and is examined in the second research question: RQ 2: Are auditors...

Mock, Theodore J.; Wright, Arnold; Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Lu, Hai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Nucleic Acid Standards - Standard Ref. Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Standard Reference Frame for the Description A Standard Reference Frame for the Description of Nucleic Acid Base-pair Geometry Supplementary Material The report is available at Journal of Molecular Biology (2001) 313: 229 - 237 and The Nucleic Acid Cartesian coordinates for A, C, G, T, and U in the optimized reference frame Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine, Uracil Standard chemical structures taken from Clowney et al. (1996), J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 509-518). These data do not include C1' atoms, which are placed here in the least-squares plane of the base atoms, with the purine C1'-N9 bond length and C1'-N9-C4 valence angle set respectively to 1.46 Å and 126.5° and the pyrimidine C1'-N1 bond and C1-N1-C2 angle to 1.47 Å and 118.1°. These distances and angles are based on the average glycosyl

99

Dimension Reduction with Gene Expression Data Using Targeted Variable Importance Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and we refer to it as the TMLE-VIM procedure. 1. Obtain theResults: We propose a TMLE-VIM dimension reduction procedureimportance measurement (VIM) in the frame work of targeted

Wang, Hui; van der Laan, Mark J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

ON THE OVERSAMPLING OF AFFINE WAVELET FRAMES BRODY DYLAN JOHNSON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE OVERSAMPLING OF AFFINE WAVELET FRAMES BRODY DYLAN JOHNSON Abstract. The properties, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130 (brody@math.wustl.edu). 1 #12;2 B. JOHNSON Bessel bound. We say two frames

Johnson, Brody Dylan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Nonlinear seismic response analysis of steel-concrete composite frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frame model 10TN (Northridge seismic input) floor 1 floor 2frame model 10TC (Northridge seismic input) Slip (mm) floorframe models 06TC, 10TC and 14TC (Northridge seismic input)

Barbato, Michele

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Measuring the Impacts of Speed Reduction Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Seoud, Edward Anderson #12;Background Identified as a problem area Sharp curve & excessive speed High crash;Comparison of Mean Zones - Southbound, Commercial Vehicles 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 -1300 -1100 -900-70 Speed Category Before After #12;At nearest rest area

Bertini, Robert L.

103

Explanation of the Random Lengths Framing Lumber Composite Price  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Explanation of the Random Lengths Framing Lumber Composite Price May 10, 2006 The Random Lengths Framing Lumber Composite is a broad measure of price behavior in the U.S. framing lumber market) Western U.S., 2) Southern U.S., and 3) Canada. Thus, 33% of the Composite is comprised of Southern Pine

104

Fusion Frames and Wireless Sensor Networks Gitta Kutyniok  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion Frames and Wireless Sensor Networks Gitta Kutyniok Institut f¨ur Mathematik Technische Universit¨at Berlin 10623 Berlin Germany Email: kutyniok@math.tu-berlin.de Abstract--Fusion frames provide science, information theory, and signal processing, to name a few. Fusion frames extend this notion

Kutyniok, Gitta

105

Media Framing and Public Attitudes Toward Biofuels Ashlie Delshad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Media Framing and Public Attitudes Toward Biofuels Ashlie Delshad Department of Political Science between media framing and public opinion on the issue of biofuels--transportation fuels made from plants, animal products, or organic waste. First, the paper investigates how media framing of biofuels has

106

Predicting Collapse of Steel and Reinforced-Concrete Frame Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting Collapse of Steel and Reinforced-Concrete Frame Buildings in Different Types of Ground method is developed to predict P- collapse of frame buildings in earthquakes. The method incorporates two types of buildings (steel and RC moment-frame buildings) and three types of ground motions (near

Greer, Julia R.

107

Russia's energy policy: A framing comment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prominent specialist on the Russian economy provides a framing comment on two preceding papers entitled 'Russia's Energy Policy' (by Vladimir Milov, Leonard Coburn, and Igor Danchenko) and 'Russia's Energy Policy: A Divergent View' (by Matthew J. Sagers). The author argues that Russia's current energy policy should be viewed as an outcome of competition between three overlapping programs. In this context, he identifies three policy models - the old Soviet, the liberal or oligarchic, and the most recent state capitalist. The latter is currently supported by President Putin, who prioritizes diversification of the country's economy at the expense of diminished investments in the oil and gas sector.

Aslund, A. [Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

Gravity with a dynamical preferred frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a generally covariant model in which local Lorentz invariance is broken "spontaneously" by a dynamical unit timelike vector field $u^a$---the "aether". Such a model makes it possible to study the gravitational and cosmological consequences of preferred frame effects, such as ``variable speed of light" or high frequency dispersion, while preserving a generally covariant metric theory of gravity. In this paper we restrict attention to an action for an effective theory of the aether which involves only the antisymmetrized derivative $\

Ted Jacobson; David Mattingly

2001-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

109

High-Frame-Rate Oil Film Interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fluid dynamics video to which this abstract relates contains visualization of the response of a laminar boundary layer to a sudden puff from a small hole. The boundary layer develops on a flat plate in a wind tunnel; the hole is located at a streamwise Reynolds number of 100,000. The visualization of the boundary layer response is accomplished using interferometry of a transparent, thin film of oil placed on the surface immediately downstream of the hole and with its leading edge perpendicular to the direction of flow. Through lubrication theory, it is understood that the rate of change of the spacing of the interference fringes is proportional to the skin friction at any instant. For reference, a small disk-shaped protrusion of the type often used to trip the boundary layer in wind model tunnel testing is also shown. Three cases with different puff strengths are included. Using a high-speed commercial camera, frame rates in excess of 1000/sec have been recorded; the video shown here was taken at 24 frame...

White, Jonathan C; Chen, John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Harboring Pollution: Air Quality Impacts of Marine Ports | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Harboring Pollution: Air Quality Impacts of Marine Ports Harboring Pollution: Air Quality Impacts of Marine Ports 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - actuated impact device Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

impact of reducing communication costs by using... Modeling wireless sensor and actuator networks using frame theory Christopher J. Rozell and Don H... an actuator network, it is...

112

Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on Energy Markets and Economic Activity  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Analyzes the impacts on the Kyoto Protocol on U.S. energy markets and the economy in the 2008-2012 time frame.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Threshold bracing stiffness of two story frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60 63 66 70 72 72 77 29 Variation of Ks with Ks for the Type D Frame Variation of P with K. A. l Block Flow Chart of the Main Program A. 2 The Different Subroutines. A. 3 Subroutine Functions A. 4 Program Listing. 81 85 96 99 100 107... properties are as follows: 168 in. (4267. 2 mm), Rs = 144 in. (3657. 6 mm) It = 40 in. " (16. 64 x 10 mms), I = 20 in. " (12. 49 x 10s mm") Iq = 60 in. (24. 97 x 10 mm ), Iq = 50 in. " (20. 81 x 10 mm ) At = 10 in. (6. 45 x 10 mm ), As = 6 in. (5. 8 x 10...

Khader, Ghassan Sudki

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

Gravity with a dynamical preferred frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a generally covariant model in which local Lorentz invariance is broken by a dynamical unit timelike vector field ua—the “aether.” Such a model makes it possible to study the gravitational and cosmological consequences of preferred frame effects, such as “variable speed of light” or high frequency dispersion, while preserving a generally covariant metric theory of gravity. In this paper we restrict attention to an action for an effective theory of the aether which involves only the antisymmetrized derivative ?[aub]. Without matter this theory is equivalent to a sector of the Einstein-Maxwell-charged dust system. The aether has two massless transverse excitations, and the solutions of the model include all vacuum solutions of general relativity (as well as other solutions). However, the aether generally develops gradient singularities which signal a breakdown of this effective theory. Including the symmetrized derivative in the action for the aether field may cure this problem.

Ted Jacobson and David Mattingly

2001-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

115

Phase-Change Frame Walls (PCFWs) for Peak Demand Reduction, Load Shifting, Energy Conservation and Comfort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) for lowering peak heat transfer rates across walls of residential and small commercial buildings. A PCFW is a typical wall in which phase change materials (PCMs) have been incorporated via macroencapsulation to enhance the energy storage capabilities...

Medina, M.; Stewart, R.

116

Champlain Bridge Montreal: Impacts of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Champlain Bridge Montreal: Impacts of Disruptions to Bridge Capacity Prepared for the Federal Bridge Corporation January 2011 #12;Champlain Bridge Montreal: Impacts of Disruptions to Bridge Capacity, Ontario mitl.mcmaster.ca January 2011 #12;Impacts of Champlain Bridge Capacity Reductions Mc

Haykin, Simon

117

Next Generation Advanced Framing- Building America Top Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Building America researchers garnered a Top Innovation award for research into simple, cost-effective ways to implement advanced framing techniques.

118

EV Everywhere Framing Workshop Report Out & Lessons Learned  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Behavior and Charging Infrastructure July 31 - Aug 1 Los Angeles, CA Lightweight Vehicles and Structures TBD TBD * 5 workshops this summer * Framing document * Draft:...

119

Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document More Documents & Publications Slide 1 QTR Ex Parte Communications Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review...

120

Framing Document for the Second Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR 2015)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE QTR 2015 Framing Document describes the Nation's energy landscape including challenges and opportunities to facilitate stakeholder engagement in the QTR process.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Pushing the limits of CANPushing the limits of CAN --Scheduling frames with offsetsScheduling frames with offsets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60 70 80 90 100 5 2,5 0 110 5 2,5 0 Periods 20 ms 15 ms 10 ms Principle: desynchronize transmissions and size of the frame #12;4 System model (1/2)System model (1/2) ECU Frame Transmission request task Frame (2/2)System model (2/2) The offset of a message stream is the time at which the transmission request

Navet, Nicolas

122

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Volume I – Summary Report, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality September 2002 – August 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, describes the technology developed to enable the TCEQ to substantiate energy and emissions reduction credits from EE/RE to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and provides valuable insights into the effectiveness of additional energy efficiency...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J.; Turner, W. D.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Price-Responsive Load (PRL) Program - Framing Paper No.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By definition, effective and efficient competitive markets need a supply side and a demand side. One criticism of electric restructuring efforts in many states is that most of the attention has been focused on the supply side, in a market focused on the short term. In general, the demand side of the market has been under-addressed. The objective of the New England Demand Response Initiative (NEDRI) is to develop a comprehensive, coordinated set of demand response programs for the New England regional power markets. NEDRI aims to maximize the capability of demand response to compete in the wholesale market and to improve the economic efficiency and environmental profile of the electric sector. To those ends, NEDRI is focusing its efforts in four interrelated areas: (1) ISO-level reliability programs, (2) Market-based price-responsive load programs, (3) Demand response at retail through pricing, rate design, and advanced metering, and (4) End-use energy efficiency resources as demand response. The fourth area, energy efficiency, is the subject of this framing paper. Energy efficiency reduces the energy used by specific end-use devices and systems, typically without affecting the level of service and without loss of amenity. Energy savings and peak load reductions are achieved by substituting technically more advanced equipment, processes, or operational strategies to produce the same or an improved level of end-use service with less electricity. In contrast, load management programs lower peak demand during specific, limited time periods by either (1) influencing the timing of energy use by shifting load to another time period, or (2) reducing the level of energy use by curtailing or interrupting the load, typically with some loss of service or amenity.

Goldman, Charles A.

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

An Introduction to Filterbank Frames Brody Dylan Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Introduction to Filterbank Frames Brody Dylan Johnson St. Louis University October 19, 2010 Brody Dylan Johnson (St. Louis University) An Introduction to Filterbank Frames October 19, 2010 1 / 34 with integer sampling and then move on to consider work with rational sampling factors. Brody Dylan Johnson (St

Johnson, Brody Dylan

125

A system for grabbing integrated video frames remotely  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A system for grabbing integrated video frames produced by a remote camera is described. As part of the pointed platform in a balloon?borne experiment we use a video charge?coupled?device camera to obtain wide field star images. To obtain images with a sufficient signal?to?noise ratio integration times of up to 1 s are required. In applications where the frame grabber and camera are physically close to each other timing the frame grabber trigger is straightforward; however there are several advantages to locating the frame grabber not on the balloon payload. As a result commands issued simultaneously to the frame grabber on the ground and the camera on the balloon can be delayed relative to each other resulting in failure to acquire an image. We have developed a system where at the end of an integration a tone is injected into the video field preceding the transmission of the integrated frame; the tone is used on the ground by a decoder circuit to control the frame grabber acquisition of the integrated frame. The system has operated successfully in the flight of a stratospheric balloon?borne telescope.

M. Halpern; S. Knotek; G. S. Tucker

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Spatiality of the patch frame Martin H. Escardo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatiality of the patch frame Mart´in H. Escard´o School of Mathematical and Computational Sciences is referred to as the patch frame. In this short note we show that the patch of a topology is isomorphic to a finer topology on the same set. We also give a point-set construction of the patch topology of a sober

Escardó, Martín

127

Spatiality of the patch frame Mart n H. Escard o  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatiality of the patch frame Mart#19;#16;n H. Escard#19;o School of Mathematical and Computational is referred to as the patch frame. In this short note we show that the patch of a topology is isomorphic to a #12;ner topology on the same set. We also give a point-set construction of the patch topology

Escardó, Martín

128

Differential geometry, Palatini gravity and reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present article deals with a formulation of the so called (vacuum) Palatini gravity as a general variational principle. In order to accomplish this goal, some geometrical tools related to the geometry of the bundle of connections of the frame bundle LM are used. A generalization of Lagrange-Poincaré reduction scheme to these types of variational problems allows us to relate it with the Einstein-Hilbert variational problem. Relations with some other variational problems for gravity found in the literature are discussed.

Capriotti, S., E-mail: santiago.capriotti@uns.edu.ar [Departamento de Matemática, Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bahía Blanca (Argentina)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular-Frame Angular Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons Print Wednesday, 27 May 2009 00:00 Molecular-frame electron angular distribution (MFAD) measurements provide access to an unprecedented level of detailed information about phenomena involving quantum coherence, such as phases of photoelectron waves, symmetry breaking in molecular dissociation, core-hole localization in molecules, and molecular double-slit interference, all of which are hidden in conventional gas-phase electron spectroscopy, owing to the random orientation of the molecules. While most MFAD studies to date have focused on photoelectrons, an international team of scientists from Western Michigan University, the ALS, and Tohoku University in Japan has successfully used a novel approach to determine for the first time the molecular-frame angular distributions of resonantly excited Auger electrons in carbon monoxide.

130

Effects of Framing on the Thermal Performance of Wood and Steel-Framed Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

members as well as insulation imperfections [13]. Building load calculation programs like Manual J [14] also does not incorporate these thermal anomalies. Previous ORNL research demonstrated that about 10% to 15% of the US residential energy consumption... of nominal 2x4 inch wood and steel-framed walls insulated with R-13 h·ft 2 ·ºF/BTU (3.5-in. thick) fiberglass batts were tested in the ORNL guarded hot box in accordance with ASTM C 1363. In these walls, nominal 2x4 inch wood or steel studs were constructed...

Kosny, J.; Yarbrough, D. W.; Childs, P.; Mohiuddin, S. A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Newton-Cartan Gravity in Noninertial Reference Frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study properties of Newton-Cartan gravity under transformations into all noninertial, nonrelativistic reference frames. The set of these transformations has the structure of an infinite dimensional Lie group, called the Galilean line group, which contains as a subgroup the Galilei group. We show that the fictitious forces of noninertial reference frames are naturally encoded in the Cartan connection transformed under the Galilean line group. These noninertial forces, which are coordinate effects, do not contribute to the Ricci tensor which describes the curvature of Newtonian spacetime. We show that only the $00$-component of the Ricci tensor is non-zero and equal to ($4\\pi$ times) the matter density in any inertial or noninetial reference frame and that it leads to what may be called Newtonian ADM mass. While the Ricci field equation and Gauss law are both fulfilled by the same physical matter density in inertial and linearly accelerating reference frames, there appears a discrepancy between the two in rotating reference frames in that Gauss law holds for an effective mass density that differs from the physical matter density. This effective density has its origin in the simulated magnetic field that appears in rotating frames, highlighting a rather striking difference between linearly and rotationally accelerating reference frames. We further show that the dynamical equations that govern the simulated gravitational and magnetic fields have the same form as Maxwell's equations, a surprising conclusion given that these equations are well-known to obey special relativity (and $U(1)$-gauge symmetry), rather than Galilean symmetry.

Leo Rodriguez; James St. Germaine-Fuller; Sujeev Wickramasekara

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

132

Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Volume II – Technical Report, Annual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality September 2002 – August 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsibilities under Texas Health and Safety Code Ann. § 388.003, (e) (a) (b) (Vernon Supp. 2002). This annual report: provides an estimate of the energy savings and NOx reductions from energy code compliance in new residential construction in 38 counties...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J.; Turner, W. D.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Buildings Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/ Country Mexico Central America References Greenhouse Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials for Buildings[1] Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Screenshot "This report represents the first comprehensive description of the factors that determine the present and future impacts of residential and commercial

134

Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modeling Laser Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame Modeling Laser Wakefield Accelerators in a Lorentz Boosted Frame VayBoost.gif An image showing the "boosted frame," in which the observer moves at near light speed. The laser pulse is represented in blue and red; the wakefields are colored pale blue and yellow. In this frame, the plasma (yellow box) has contracted and the wavefronts are fewer and farther apart, resulting in far fewer calculations and faster results. Why it Matters: Laser driven plasma waves can produce accelerating gradients orders of magnitude greater than standard accelerating structures. High quality electron beams of energy up to 1 GeV have been produced in just a few centimeters and 10-GeV stages being planned as

135

Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons Print Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons Print Molecular-frame electron angular distribution (MFAD) measurements provide access to an unprecedented level of detailed information about phenomena involving quantum coherence, such as phases of photoelectron waves, symmetry breaking in molecular dissociation, core-hole localization in molecules, and molecular double-slit interference, all of which are hidden in conventional gas-phase electron spectroscopy, owing to the random orientation of the molecules. While most MFAD studies to date have focused on photoelectrons, an international team of scientists from Western Michigan University, the ALS, and Tohoku University in Japan has successfully used a novel approach to determine for the first time the molecular-frame angular distributions of resonantly excited Auger electrons in carbon monoxide.

136

Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons Print Molecular-Frame Angular Distributions of Resonant Auger Electrons Print Molecular-frame electron angular distribution (MFAD) measurements provide access to an unprecedented level of detailed information about phenomena involving quantum coherence, such as phases of photoelectron waves, symmetry breaking in molecular dissociation, core-hole localization in molecules, and molecular double-slit interference, all of which are hidden in conventional gas-phase electron spectroscopy, owing to the random orientation of the molecules. While most MFAD studies to date have focused on photoelectrons, an international team of scientists from Western Michigan University, the ALS, and Tohoku University in Japan has successfully used a novel approach to determine for the first time the molecular-frame angular distributions of resonantly excited Auger electrons in carbon monoxide.

137

Contrast from rotating frame relaxation by adiabatic pulses  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This document discusses, among other things, a system and method for modulating transverse and longitudinal relaxation time contrast in a rotating frame based on a train of radio frequency pulses.

Michaeli, Shalom (St. Paul, MN); Garwood, Michael G. (Medina, MN); Ugurbil, Kamil (Minneapolis, MN); Sorce, Dennis J. (Cockeysville, MD)

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

138

Seismic fragility estimates for reinforced concrete framed buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the GLD RC frame buildings, the columns of the 2 and 3 story buildings are retrofitted by column strengthening. Fragility estimates developed for the retrofitted buildings show the effectiveness of the retrofit technique by the improved seismic performance...

Ramamoorthy, Sathish Kumar

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

139

ATF Video Frame Grabber Subsystems - Frequently Asked Questions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

III - Re-creating images from captured data (Q1) Using Matlab, how can I recreate an image from captured data (without using the ATF frame grabber program)? (A1) The easiest way is...

140

Quantum geometrodynamical description of the Universe in different reference frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several years ago the so-called quantum geometrodynamics in extended phase space was proposed. The main role in this version of quantum geometrodynamics is given to a wave function that carries information about geometry of the Universe as well as about a reference frame in which this geometry is studied. We consider the evolution of a physical object (the Universe) in ``physical'' subspace of extended configurational space, the latter including gauge and ghost degrees of freedom. A measure of the ``physical'' subspace depends on a chosen reference frame, in particular, a small variation of a gauge-fixing function results in changing the measure. Thus, a transition to another gauge condition (another reference frame) leads to non-unitary transformation of a physical part of the wave function. From the viewpoint of the evolution of the Universe in the ``physical'' subspace a transition to another reference frame is an irreversible process that may be important when spacetime manifold has a nontrivial topology.

T. P. Shestakova

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Criteria, analysis, and design of braced and unbraced frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CRITERIA' ANALYSIS' AND DESIGN OF BRACED AND UNBRACED FRAMES A Thesis by Rodney Lee Earwood Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1981 Major Subject: Civil Engineering CRITERIA, ANALYSIS, AND DESIGN OF BRACED AND UNBRACED FRAMES A Thesis by Rodney Lee Earwood Approved as to style and content by: / (Chairman o f Committee) (Member) (Member) (Head of Department) December...

Earwood, Rodney Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

2014 Annual Planning Summary for the NNSA Global Threat Reduction Initiative Office  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2014 and 2015 within the NNSA Global Threat Reduction Initiative Office.

143

Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP), Vol. I – Summary ReportAnnual Report to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Sept. 2003 to Aug. 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Energy Systems Laboratory, in fulfillment of its responsibilities under Texas Health and Safety Code Ann. § 388.003 (e), Vernon Supp. 2002, submits its third annual report, Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Impact in the Texas Emissions...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Gilman, D.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Muns, S.; Verdict, M.; Ahmad, M.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Bryant, J.; Degelman, L. O.; Turner, W. D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Interplay of Global Warming Framing In News Media Coverage In 1988-2009.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study examined the framing of global warming in the national news media. It investigated the framing of global warming as a competitive process that… (more)

Sinaga, Simon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

What’s the Issue? Changing Frames of Ethanol Policy in Congress and the Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sentence “Ethanol helps meet energy policy goals byEvaluations of ethanol in the energy prices frame wereethanol frames, including the environment, agriculture, and energy

Weiner, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Framing Iran: The Islamic Revolution and the Green Movement as Told Through Time Magazine.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? FRAMING IRAN: THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION AND THE GREEN MOVEMENT AS TOLD THROUGH TIME MAGAZINE by Nadia Maiwandi This framing analysis was conducted to study… (more)

Maiwandi, Nadia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Campus Energy, Water, and Waste Reduction Policy Page 1 of 7 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University No. 5505 Rev.: 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campus Energy, Water, and Waste Reduction Policy Page 1 of 7 Virginia Polytechnic Institute __________________________________________________________________________________ Subject: Campus Energy, Water, and Waste Reduction Policy the highest standards in energy/water usage and waste reduction with consideration of the impact

Virginia Tech

148

NNSA, LANL Complete DARHT Improvements With Successful Multi-frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LANL Complete DARHT Improvements With Successful Multi-frame LANL Complete DARHT Improvements With Successful Multi-frame Hydrodynamic Test | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Press Releases > NNSA, LANL Complete DARHT Improvements With Successful ... Press Release NNSA, LANL Complete DARHT Improvements With Successful Multi-frame

149

Fuel cell repeater unit including frame and separator plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An example fuel cell repeater includes a separator plate and a frame establishing at least a portion of a flow path that is operative to communicate fuel to or from at least one fuel cell held by the frame relative to the separator plate. The flow path has a perimeter and any fuel within the perimeter flow across the at least one fuel cell in a first direction. The separator plate, the frame, or both establish at least one conduit positioned outside the flow path perimeter. The conduit is outside of the flow path perimeter and is configured to direct flow in a second, different direction. The conduit is fluidly coupled with the flow path.

Yamanis, Jean; Hawkes, Justin R; Chiapetta, Jr., Louis; Bird, Connie E; Sun, Ellen Y; Croteau, Paul F

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

150

Project Title: VIscosity Reduction Date:  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4t 3 4t 3 l I Project lnfonnatlon Project Title: VIscosity Reduction Date: 11-22-2010 DOE Code: 673()-()20-51141 Contractor Code: 8067-778 Project Lead: Frank Ingham Project Overview 1. The purpose of the project is to test a tool that temporarily reduces the viscosity of oil which allows it to be 1. Brief project description ~nclude pumped through pipelines easier. The test will require about 4 miles of line to pump the oil through after anything that could impact the treatment (hence the need to connect the 31oops together), a holding volume for recovery, then repeat. environmenJ] There will be tanks to hold the original volume, tanks to receive the volume after treatment and pumping 2. Legal location through the line, possible transfer between tanks, transport (trucking) of the oil to the site (by the COC) and

151

Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quadrennial Technology Review Quadrennial Technology Review Framing Document http://energy.gov/QTR 3/14/2011 U.S. Department of ENERGY 2 The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated a review of its energy technology activities (Quadrennial Technology Review, or QTR). This framing document is a principal means of facilitating stakeholder engagement in that process. It describes the nation's energy landscape and challenges, identifies important research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) policy choices to be made, and summarizes the current status of selected energy technologies and DOE technology program goals. It is intended to serve as the common framework for stakeholder engagement through advisory

152

Role of External Flow and Frame Invariance in Stochastic Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For configurational changes of soft matter systems affected or caused by external hydrodynamic flow, we identify applied work, exchanged heat, and entropy change on the level of a single trajectory. These expressions guarantee invariance of stochastic thermodynamics under a change of frame of reference. As criterion for equilibrium \\textit{vs.} nonequilibrium, zero \\textit{vs.} nonzero applied work replaces detailed balance \\textit{vs.} nonvanishing currents, since both latter criteria are shown to depend on the frame of reference. Our results are illustrated quantitatively by calculating the large deviation function for the entropy production of a dumbbell in shear flow.

Thomas Speck; Jakob Mehl; Udo Seifert

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

153

FRAMES Software System: Linking to the Statistical Package R  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides requirements, design, data-file specifications, test plan, and Quality Assurance/Quality Control protocol for the linkage between the statistical package R and the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES) Versions 1.x and 2.0. The requirements identify the attributes of the system. The design describes how the system will be structured to meet those requirements. The specification presents the specific modifications to FRAMES to meet the requirements and design. The test plan confirms that the basic functionality listed in the requirements (black box testing) actually functions as designed, and QA/QC confirms that the software meets the client’s needs.

Castleton, Karl J.; Whelan, Gene; Hoopes, Bonnie L.

2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

154

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies Using Renewable Energy in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies Using Renewable Energy Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies Using Renewable Energy in Buildings Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies Using Renewable Energy in Buildings October 7, 2013 - 11:23am Addthis Once Federal sites have been screened for viability of different renewable energy resources to evaluate emissions profile, the next step is to establish what renewable energy resources developed at which particular sites would have the greatest impact on the agency's overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions goals. It is important to consider that some types of renewable energy generation could impact not only Scope 1 and 2 GHG goals, but also Scope 3 goals through avoided transmission and distribution losses. Estimate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Potential It is important to note that solar systems can have the greatest reduction

155

Technological Frames, Organizational Capabilities, and IT Use: An Empirical Investigation of Electronic Procurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The process by which organizations incorporate technological innovations into existing routines and use them on a regular basis persists as a central concern in the literature. Although we now have a fairly robust understanding of the drivers of innovation ... Keywords: B2B electronic markets, adjustment frame, benefits frame, electronic procurement, organizational capabilities, sensemaking, technological frames, technological opportunism, technological sophistication, threat frame

Abhay Nath Mishra; Ritu Agarwal

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Reduction of fuel consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Replacing standard oil pumps with bypass control by regulated oil pumps with variable oil pressure which adapt their variable oil pumping quantity to the engine oil pressure requirements promises reductions in fuel

Dieter Voigt

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Unified force law for granular impact cratering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, set by the 50 kHz frame rate of the line-scan camera. The position resolution is 100 nm, set by the 3 impact speed; surprisingly, deeper penetration requires less time. Evidently, granular matter is very different from ordinary solids and liquids in its resistance to penetration. We begin the analysis

Loss, Daniel

158

FRAMES User Defined Body Burden Concentration File Module Documentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES) Body Burden Concentration File (BBF) contains time-varying, instantaneous, constituent concentrations for body burden by contaminant. This report contains the requirements for this file and will be used by software engineers and testers to ensure that the file inputs properly.

Pelton, Mitchell A.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Eslinger, Melany A.; Gelston, Gariann M.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Variations in diagnostic and prognostic framing in the EZLN movement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Zapatista movement of southern Mexico has received little analytical attention focused on the myriad of writings issued by the movement. To help fill this gap, this study uses David Snow and Robert Benford’s concept of framing as a theoretical...

Pinnick, Aaron Corbett

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Detection of frame deletion for digital video forensics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The abundance of digital video forms a potential piece of evidence in courtrooms. Augmenting subjective assessment of digital video evidence by an automated objective assessment helps increase the accuracy of deciding whether or not to admit the digital ... Keywords: Digital forensics, Frame deletion, Video compression

Tamer Shanableh

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Image Framing in Climate Change News Stories, p-1 Image Themes and Frames in U.S. Print News Stories about Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Framing in Climate Change News Stories, p-1 Image Themes and Frames in U.S. Print News Stories about Climate Change Stacy Rebich-Hespanha, Ronald E. Rice, Daniel R. Montello, Sean Retzloff, Sandrine Tien & João P. Hespanha Research on frames in climate change news coverage has advanced

Hespanha, João Pedro

162

Impact of Clean Diesel Technology on Climate Change | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean Diesel Technology on Climate Change Impact of Clean Diesel Technology on Climate Change 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Brookhaven...

163

Drag reduction in coal log pipelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well-known that solutions of dissolved long-chain macromolecules produce lower friction or drag losses than with the solvent alone. In coal log pipeline (CLP), water is the conveying medium. Synthetic polymers such as poly(ethylene oxide) have been dissolved in water and tested for their extent of drag reduction as a function of concentration and other variables. Lab-scale experimental results for CLP indicate substantial drag reduction at low concentration levels of polymer. But, the macromolecules exhibit degradation under mechanical shear stresses. The large molecules break into smaller units. This degradation effect causes a loss of drag reduction. However, high levels of drag reduction can be maintained as follows: (1) by injecting polymer into the CLP at several locations along the pipeline, (2) by injecting polymer of different particle sizes, (3) by using more robust types of polymers, or (4) by using polymer-fiber mixtures. This report presents the value of drag-reducing agents in terms of pumping power net cost savings. In addition, this report outlines the environmental impact of drag reduction polymers, and end-of-pipeline water treatment processes. For an operating CLP, hundreds of miles in length, the use of poly(ethylene oxide) as a drag reducing agent provides significant pumping power cost savings at a minimal materials cost.

Marrero, T.R.; Liu, H. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Capsule Pipeline Research Center

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

Global Threat Reduction Initiative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

comprehensive comprehensive strategy to prevent nuclear terrorism; and  The key organization responsible for implementing the U.S. HEU minimization policy. GTRI MISSION Reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide. DOE STRATEGIC GOAL 2.2 Prevent the acquisition of nuclear and radiological materials for use in weapons of mass destruction and other acts of terrorism Protect high priority nuclear and radiological materials from theft and sabotage These efforts result in threat reduction by improving security on the bomb material remaining at civilian sites - each vulnerable building that is protected reduces the risk until a permanent threat reduction solution can be implemented.

165

Towards hard x-ray imaging at GHz frame rate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gigahertz (GHz) imaging using hard x-rays ( Greater-Than-Or-Equivalent-To 10 keV) can be useful to high-temperature plasma experiments, as well as research and applications using coherent photons from synchrotron radiation and x-ray free electron lasers. GHz framing rate can be achieved by using multiple cameras through multiplexing. The advantages and trade-offs of single-photon detection mode, when no more than one x-ray photon is detected per pixel, are given. Two possible paths towards x-ray imaging at GHz frame rates using a single camera are: (a) avalanche photodiode arrays of high-Z materials and (b) microchannel plate photomultipliers in conjunction with materials with large indices of refraction.

Wang Zhehui; Morris, C. L.; Kapustinsky, J. S.; Kwiatkowski, K.; Luo, S.-N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Towards hard X-ray imaging at GHz frame rate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gigahertz (GHz) imaging using hard X-rays ({approx}> 10 keV) can be useful to high-temperature plasma experiments, as well as research using coherent photons from synchrotron radiation and X-ray free electron lasers. GHz framing rate can be achieved by using multiple cameras through multiplexing. The advantages and trade-offs of single-photon detection mode, when no more than one X-ray photon is detected per pixel, are given. Two possible paths towards X-ray imaging at GHz frame rates using a single camera are (a) Avalanche photodiode arrays of high-Z materials and (b) Microchannel plate photomultipliers in conjunction with materials with large indices of refraction.

Wang, Zhehui [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, Christopher [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Luo, Shengnian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kwiatkowski, Kris K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kapustinsky, Jon S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

167

Communication channel of fermionic system in accelerated frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we investigate the communication channel of fermionic system in an accelerated frame. We observe that at the infinite acceleration, the mutual information of single rail quantum channel coincides with that of double rail quantum channel, but those of classical ones reach different values. Furthermore, we find that at the infinite acceleration, the conditional entropy of single(or double) rail quantum channel vanishes, but those of classical ones may have finite values. In addition, we see that even when considering a method beyond the single mode approximation, the dual rail entangled state seems to provide better channel capacity than the single rail entangled state, unlike the bosonic case. Moreover, we find that the single-mode approximation is not sufficient to analyze the communication channel of fermionic system in an accelerated frame.

Jinho Chang; Younghun Kwon

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

168

Misconception which led to the ‘‘material frame-indifference’’ controversy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The confusion over the nature of the useful restriction on the allowable forms of constitutive relations (‘‘material frame-indifference’’, or ‘‘objectivity’’) is due to the vague language of its formulation. In the final analysis, the confusion arises because the concept of general covariance of physical laws is applied in the inappropriate setting of the three-dimensional space instead of the four-dimensional space-time.

Gregory Ryskin

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Conformal-frame (in)dependence of cosmological observations in scalar-tensor theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide the correspondence between the variables in the Jordan frame and those in the Einstein frame in scalar-tensor gravity and consider the frame-(in)dependence of the cosmological observables. In particular, we show that the cosmological observables/relations (redshift, luminosity distance, temperature anisotropies) are frame-independent. We also study the frame-dependence of curvature perturbations and find that the curvature perturbations are conformal invariant if the perturbation is adiabatic and the entropy perturbation between matter and the Brans-Dicke scalar is vanishing. The relation among various definitions of curvature perturbations in the both frames is also discussed, and the condition for the equivalence is clarified.

Chiba, Takeshi [Department of Physics, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Tokyo 156-8550 (Japan); Yamaguchi, Masahide, E-mail: chiba@phys.chs.nihon-u.ac.jp, E-mail: gucci@phys.titech.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal process impact Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

25 Terminal Ballistics of the 2004 Shooting of President Chen Summary: a maximal frame rate of 100,000 framesec. The impact and penetration process was recorded in slow...

171

Black hole entanglement entropy regularized in a freely falling frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compute the black hole horizon entanglement entropy SE for a massless scalar field, first with a hard cutoff and then with high frequency dispersion, both imposed in a frame that falls freely across the horizon. Using WKB methods, we find that SE is finite for a hard cutoff or superluminal dispersion, because the mode oscillations do not diverge at the horizon and the contribution of high transverse momenta is cut off by the angular momentum barrier. For subluminal dispersion, the entropy depends on the behavior at arbitrarily high transverse momenta. In all cases it scales with the horizon area. For the hard cutoff it is linear in the cutoff, rather than quadratic. This discrepancy from the familiar result arises from the difference between the free-fall frame and the static frame in which a cutoff is usually imposed. In the superluminal case the entropy scales with a fractional power of the cutoff that depends on the index of the dispersion relation. Implications for the possible relation between regularized entanglement entropy and the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy are discussed. An appendix provides an explicit derivation of the entangled, thermal nature of the near-horizon free-fall vacuum for a dispersive scalar field in four dimensions.

Ted Jacobson and Renaud Parentani

2007-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

172

Seismic response of reinforced concrete frames on monopile foundations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper focuses on the effects of soil–structure interaction on the seismic response of reinforced concrete frames on monopile foundations connected by tie beams. Such systems are usually designed by considering fixed restraints at the column bases and the effects of the foundation compliance have not yet been investigated. The soil–foundation system is analysed in the frequency domain by means of a numerical model that allows obtaining the dynamic impedance functions of the system and the foundation input motion necessary for the subsequent nonlinear inertial soil–structure interaction analysis which is performed in the time domain. Tie beams with different stiffness and soil deposits characterised by three different profiles of shear wave velocity are considered. Results of incremental dynamic analyses carried out on frames with monopile foundations are compared with those obtained considering double-pile foundations and the fixed base assumption. Soil–structure interaction is found to affect considerably the response of frames on monopile foundations by increasing the structural deformation and modifying the evolution of the dissipative mechanisms. Analyses accounting for the actual soil–foundation system compliance and the foundation input motion may be crucial for a reliable prediction of the actual distribution of stresses in the superstructure and the foundation elements.

Sandro Carbonari; Francesca Dezi; Fabrizio Gara; Graziano Leoni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

High frame rate CCD camera with fast optical shutter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high frame rate CCD camera coupled with a fast optical shutter has been designed for high repetition rate imaging applications. The design uses state-of-the-art microchannel plate image intensifier (MCPII) technology fostered/developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory to support nuclear, military, and medical research requiring high-speed imagery. Key design features include asynchronous resetting of the camera to acquire random transient images, patented real-time analog signal processing with 10-bit digitization at 40--75 MHz pixel rates, synchronized shutter exposures as short as 200pS, sustained continuous readout of 512 x 512 pixels per frame at 1--5Hz rates via parallel multiport (16-port CCD) data transfer. Salient characterization/performance test data for the prototype camera are presented, temporally and spatially resolved images obtained from range-gated LADAR field testing are included, an alternative system configuration using several cameras sequenced to deliver discrete numbers of consecutive frames at effective burst rates up to 5GHz (accomplished by time-phasing of consecutive MCPII shutter gates without overlap) is discussed. Potential applications including dynamic radiography and optical correlation will be presented.

Yates, G.J.; McDonald, T.E. Jr. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Turko, B.T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Advanced High-Speed Framing Camera Development for Fast, Visible Imaging Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The advances in high-voltage switching developed in this project allow a camera user to rapidly vary the number of output frames from 1 to 25. A high-voltage, variable-amplitude pulse train shifts the deflection location to the new frame location during the interlude between frames, making multiple frame counts and locations possible. The final deflection circuit deflects to five different frame positions per axis, including the center position, making for a total of 25 frames. To create the preset voltages, electronically adjustable {+-}500 V power supplies were chosen. Digital-to-analog converters provide digital control of the supplies. The power supplies are clamped to {+-}400 V so as not to exceed the voltage ratings of the transistors. A field-programmable gated array (FPGA) receives the trigger signal and calculates the combination of plate voltages for each frame. The interframe time and number of frames are specified by the user, but are limited by the camera electronics. The variable-frame circuit shifts the plate voltages of the first frame to those of the second frame during the user-specified interframe time. Designed around an electrostatic image tube, a framing camera images the light present during each frame (at the photocathode) onto the tube’s phosphor. The phosphor persistence allows the camera to display multiple frames on the phosphor at one time. During this persistence, a CCD camera is triggered and the analog image is collected digitally. The tube functions by converting photons to electrons at the negatively charged photocathode. The electrons move quickly toward the more positive charge of the phosphor. Two sets of deflection plates skew the electron’s path in horizontal and vertical (x axis and y axis, respectively) directions. Hence, each frame’s electrons bombard the phosphor surface at a controlled location defined by the voltages on the deflection plates. To prevent the phosphor from being exposed between frames, the image tube is gated off between exposures.

Amy Lewis, Stuart Baker, Brian Cox, Abel Diaz, David Glass, Matthew Martin

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

175

A study of owner preferences for steel and wood framed homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that purchased steel framed homes (SFHS) and those households that purchased wood framed homes (WFHs). The objectives of the study were (1) to determine if there were any significant differences in the demographic profiles of the two study groups, (2...

Bateman, Bruce Whitney

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative reading frames Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and how self- selected frames would affect decision preferences. According to Prospect Theory... in How to Frame, But Different in What to Choose Mei Wang and Paul S. Fischbeck...

177

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model B. Cowan , D. Bruhwiler , E. By propagating the laser envelope in a frame moving at the speed of light, dispersive errors can be avoided

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

178

Improving the time frame reduction for reuse of roof rack components in cars using Case-based reasoning.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Now a days where technological advancements are growing at a rapid pace, it has become a common norm for all the manufacturing companies to… (more)

Harish Acharya, Maniyoor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Cost reduction ideas for LNG terminals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LNG projects are highly capital intensive and this has long been regarded as being inevitable. However, recent developments are forcing the LNG industry to aggressively seek cost reductions. For example, the gas-to-liquids (GTL) process is increasingly seen as a potential rival technology and is often being touted as an economically superior alternative fuel source. Another strong driving force behind needed cost reductions is the low crude oil price which seems to have settled in the $10--13/bb. range. LNG is well positioned as the fuel of choice for environmentally friendly new power projects. As a result of the projected demand for power especially in the Pacific Rim countries several LNG terminal projects are under consideration. Such projects will require a new generation of LNG terminal designs emphasizing low cost, small scale and safe and fully integrated designs from LNG supply to power generation. The integration of the LNG terminal with the combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) power plant offers substantial cost savings opportunities for both plants. Various cost reduction strategies and their impact on the terminal design are discussed including cost reduction due to integration.

Habibullah, A.; Weldin, F.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

PAIRED ACCELERATED FRAMES: THE PERFECT INTERFEROMETER WITH EVERYWHERE SMOOTH WAVE AMPLITUDES \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAIRED ACCELERATED FRAMES: THE PERFECT INTERFEROMETER WITH EVERYWHERE SMOOTH WAVE AMPLITUDES In the absence of gravitation the distinguishing feature of any linearly and uniformly accelerated frame event horizons relative to each of the two frames. This acceleration­ induced partitioning of spacetime

Gerlach, Ulrich

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Report: Technical Uncertainty and Risk Reduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TECHNICAL UNCERTAINTY AND RISK REDUCTION TECHNICAL UNCERTAINTY AND RISK REDUCTION Background In FY 2007 EMAB was tasked to assess EM's ability to reduce risk and technical uncertainty. Board members explored this topic throughout the year as a component of their focus on the previously discussed topic of Discretionary Budgeting. Discussion Understanding the risks and variability associated with EM's projects is a challenging task that has the potential to significantly impact the program's established baselines. According to budget personnel, EM has established a database of baseline variables and possibilities; however, this tool is project-specific and does not apply to the greater complex. The Board believes that EM could benefit from incorporating an additional and more comprehensive data point into the baseline development process that budgets

182

Economics of Grade Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the following abbreviations are used:* C25 diameter in inches of high pressure cylinder. c= diameter in inches of low pressure cylinder. P= boiler pressure. R}= ratio of mean effective pressure to boiler pressure in low pressure cylinder, taken from Pig. E.... But the only error of moment in such case will be in the es- timated saving in train mileage, for the same degree of efficiency or inefficiency is to be expected after the reduction of grade as before. As the estimated saving per train mile as given...

Neff, Paul J.

1914-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

183

Transformation of the nonrelativistic quantum system under transition from one inertial reference frame to another  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of internal particle state transformation, which is a bound state of several particles, from the rest frame of a composite particle to the system in which it is relativistic. It is assumed that in the rest frame of the composite particle, its internal state could be considered in the nonrelativistic approximation. It has been shown, that this internal state is unchanged during the transition from one reference frame to another. Namely, the spherically symmetric particle in the rest frame stays spherically symmetric in any other reference frame. We discuss the possible application of these results for description of the hadrons scattering processes like bound states of quarks.

I. V. Sharph; M. A. Deliyergiyev; A. G. Kotanzhyan; K. K. Merkotan; N. O. Podolian; O. S. Potiyenko; D. A. Ptashynskyy; G. O. Sokhrannyi; A. V. Tykhonov; Yu. V. Volkotrub; V. D. Rusov

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

184

Reduction relations for monoid semirings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we study rewriting techniques for monoid semirings. Based on disjoint and non-disjoint representations of the elements of monoid semirings we define two different reduction relations. We prove that in both cases the reduction relation describes ... Keywords: Confluence, Congruence, Critical pair, Reduction relation, Rewriting system, Semiring, Termination

Friedrich Otto; Olga Sokratova

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

RecycleMania! Improving Waste Reduction and Recycling on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RecycleMania! Improving Waste Reduction and Recycling on Campus from Universities to Big Business #12;Contact Information Tracy Artley Recycling Coordinator University of Michigan Tel: 734-763-5539 Email: recycle@umich.edu #12;Agenda Waste Impacts of Large Institutions Unique Challenges Overcoming

Awtar, Shorya

186

Utility Sector Impacts of Reduced Electricity Demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a new approach to estimating the marginal utility sector impacts associated with electricity demand reductions. The method uses publicly available data and provides results in the form of time series of impact factors. The input data are taken from the Energy Information Agency's Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) projections of how the electric system might evolve in the reference case, and in a number of side cases that incorporate different effciency and other policy assumptions. The data published with the AEO are used to define quantitative relationships between demand-side electricity reductions by end use and supply-side changes to capacity by plant type, generation by fuel type and emissions of CO2, Hg, NOx and SO2. The impact factors define the change in each of these quantities per unit reduction in site electricity demand. We find that the relative variation in these impacts by end use is small, but the time variation can be significant.

Coughlin, Katie

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

serving Philadelphia-area refineries primarily handle crude oil and their docks and tanks are not equipped to offload waterborne products. Figure 1. Petroleum Product Assets in...

188

Global Threat Reduction Initiative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nonproliferation Nonproliferation U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 1 The Current Status of Gap and U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals 2011 Jeff Galan, Deputy Project Manager U.S.-Origin Nuclear Remove Program National Nuclear Security Administration Global Threat Reduction Initiative Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 2 GTRI Mission and Goals GTRI is: A part of President Obama's comprehensive strategy to prevent nuclear terrorism; and The key organization responsible for implementing the U.S. HEU minimization policy. GTRI MISSION Reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide. DOE STRATEGIC GOAL 2.2 Prevent the acquisition of nuclear and radiological materials for use in weapons of mass destruction and other

189

Dose Reduction Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As radiation safety specialists, one of the things we are required to do is evaluate tools, equipment, materials and work practices and decide whether the use of these products or work practices will reduce radiation dose or risk to the environment. There is a tendency for many workers that work with radioactive material to accomplish radiological work the same way they have always done it rather than look for new technology or change their work practices. New technology is being developed all the time that can make radiological work easier and result in less radiation dose to the worker or reduce the possibility that contamination will be spread to the environment. As we discuss the various tools and techniques that reduce radiation dose, keep in mind that the radiological controls should be reasonable. We can not always get the dose to zero, so we must try to accomplish the work efficiently and cost-effectively. There are times we may have to accept there is only so much you can do. The goal is to do the smart things that protect the worker but do not hinder him while the task is being accomplished. In addition, we should not demand that large amounts of money be spent for equipment that has marginal value in order to save a few millirem. We have broken the handout into sections that should simplify the presentation. Time, distance, shielding, and source reduction are methods used to reduce dose and are covered in Part I on work execution. We then look at operational considerations, radiological design parameters, and discuss the characteristics of personnel who deal with ALARA. This handout should give you an overview of what it takes to have an effective dose reduction program.

WAGGONER, L.O.

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

190

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions for climate stabilization: framing regional options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has stated that stabilizing atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations will require reduction of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by as much as 80% by 2050. Subnational efforts to cut emissions will inform policy development nationally and globally. We projected GHG mitigation strategies for Minnesota, which has adopted a strategic goal of 80% emissions reduction by 2050. A portfolio of conservation strategies, including electricity conservation, increased vehicle fleet fuel efficiency, and reduced vehicle miles traveled, is likely the most cost-effective option for Minnesota and could reduce emissions by 18% below 2005 levels. An 80% GHG reduction would require complete decarbonization of the electricity and transportation sectors, combined with carbon capture and sequestration at power plants, or deep cuts in other relatively more intransigent GHG-emitting sectors. In order to achieve ambitious GHG reduction goals, policymakers should promote aggressive conservation efforts, which would probably have negative net costs, while phasing in alternative fuels to replace coal and motor gasoline over the long-term. 31 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Laura Schmitt Olabisi; Peter B. Reich; Kris A. Johnson; Anne R. Kapuscinski; Sangwon Suh; Elizabeth J. Wilson [University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN (United States). Ecosystem Science and Sustainability Initiative

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...as the elimination of risk than when it is de-scribed as a reduction of risk. P. Slovic, B. Fischhoff, and S. Lichtenstein...39 (1980). 19. B. Fischhoff, P. Slovic, S. Lichtenstein...H. Schoemaker, J. Risk Insur., in press...

A Tversky; D Kahneman

1981-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

192

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Climate Stabilization: Framing Regional Options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, there remains substantial disagreement around the effectiveness, cost, and unintended economic and ecological consequences of GHG reduction policies. ... In calculating emissions from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), we assumed that 50% of the vehicle miles traveled would be powered with electricity, and 50% with motor gasoline (18). ...

Laura Schmitt Olabisi; Peter B. Reich; Kris A. Johnson; Anne R. Kapuscinski; Sangwon Suh; Elizabeth J. Wilson

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

193

Galilei covariance and Einstein's equivalence principle in quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The covariance of the Schr\\"odinger equation under Galilei boosts and the compatibility of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics with Einstein's equivalence principle have been constrained for so long to the existence of a superselection rule which would prevent a quantum particle to be found in superposition states of different masses. In a effort to avoid this expedient, thus allowing for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics to account for unstable particles, recent works have suggested that usual Galilean transformations are inconsistent with the nonrelativistic limit of the Lorentz transformation. Here we approach the issue in a fundamentally different way. Using a formalism of unitary transformations and employing quantum reference frames rather than immaterial coordinate systems, we show that the Schr\\"odinger equation, although form-variant, is fully compatible with the aforementioned principles of relativity.

S. T. Pereira; R. M. Angelo

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

National Idling Reduction Network News- December 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

195

National Idling Reduction Network News- December 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

196

National Idling Reduction Network News- January 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

197

National Idling Reduction Network News- October 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

198

National Idling Reduction Network News- December 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

199

National Idling Reduction Network News- October 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

200

National Idling Reduction Network News- May 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

National Idling Reduction Network News- October 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

202

National Idling Reduction Network News- January 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

203

National Idling Reduction Network News- August 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

204

National Idling Reduction Network News- April 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

205

National Idling Reduction Network News- November 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

206

National Idling Reduction Network News- February 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

207

National Idling Reduction Network News- July 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

208

National Idling Reduction Network News- March 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

209

Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduction Initiative An overview of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative, U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals. Global Threat Reduction Initiative More Documents &...

210

National Idling Reduction Network News- May 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

211

National Idling Reduction Network News- August 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

212

National Idling Reduction Network News- February 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

213

National Idling Reduction Network News- April 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

214

Economic Analysis of Commercial Idling Reduction Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies: Which idling reduction system is most economical for truck owners? Economic Analysis of Commercial Idling Reduction Technologies: Which idling reduction system...

215

National Idling Reduction Network News- June 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

216

National Idling Reduction Network News- April 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

217

National Idling Reduction Network News- March 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

218

National Idling Reduction Network News- May 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

219

National Idling Reduction Network News- November 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

220

Water Use Reduction | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reduction Water Use Reduction Water Use Reduction The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides agencies with guidance and direction on how to reduce water use and increase...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

National Idling Reduction Network News- February 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

222

National Idling Reduction Network News- April 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

223

National Idling Reduction Network News- March 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

224

National Idling Reduction Network News- September 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

225

Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction, and Recycling | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction, and Recycling Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction, and Recycling The Pollution Prevention, Waste Reduction and Recycling Program was...

226

EA-1456: Finding of No Signficant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6: Finding of No Signficant Impact 6: Finding of No Signficant Impact EA-1456: Finding of No Signficant Impact Cheyenne-Miracle Mile and Ault-Cheyanne Transmission Line Rebuild Project Carbon, Albany and Laramie Counties, Wyoming and Weld County, Colorado Western proposes to upgrade the existing 146 miles of CH-MM 115kB transmisison line which crosses Carbon, Albany and Laramie Counties in Wyoming and 35 miles of the AU-CH transmission line which corsses portions of Larmie Counties, Wyoming and Weld County, Colorado. The upgrade would remove the existing 115-kV H-frame structures and replace them with new 230-kV H-frame structures and single pole steel structures. Western also proposes to widen the existing right-of-way (ROW), where necessary to allow adequate electrical clearances. Finding of No Signficant Impact Cheyenne-Miracle Mile and Ault-Cheyanne

227

EA-1061: The Off-site Volume Reduction of Low-level Radioactive Waste From  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1: The Off-site Volume Reduction of Low-level Radioactive 1: The Off-site Volume Reduction of Low-level Radioactive Waste From the Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina EA-1061: The Off-site Volume Reduction of Low-level Radioactive Waste From the Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal for off-site volume reduction of low-level radioactive wastes generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site located near Aiken, South Carolina. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD July 28, 1995 EA-1061: Finding of No Significant Impact The Off-site Volume Reduction of Low-level Radioactive Waste From the Savannah River Site July 28, 1995 EA-1061: Final Environmental Assessment The Off-site Volume Reduction of Low-level Radioactive Waste From the

228

Solar Energy: Impacts & Management MeasuresSolar Energy: Impacts & Management Measures Vasilis Fthenakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.pv.bnl.gov www.clca.columbia.edu #12;2 OutlineOutline Photovoltaics status & potential Life-cycle environmental impacts & comparisons with other power generation · Energy use · Emissions · Land use · Endangered species Environmental Impact Resource Availability #12;9 Affordability - Cost Reductions Prices and Production Costs

Ohta, Shigemi

229

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile … Next Generation Advanced Framing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

It's well known that advanced framing techniques that reduce the amount of It's well known that advanced framing techniques that reduce the amount of framing in the stud-framed walls improve the thermal performance of walls by allowing more room for insulation and reducing thermal bridging-the heat transfer that happens through wood framing that extends from the inside surface to the outside surface of the wall. Unfortunately even though the benefits are known, builders have been slow to adopt advanced framing methods because some of the techniques are difficult to apply, trades are not familiar with these nonstandard techniques, and implementation can require design and materials changes. One Building America team, the Partnership for Home Innovation (PHI) led by the Home Innovation Research Labs (formerly known as the National

230

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile … Next Generation Advanced Framing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

It is well known that advanced framing techniques that reduce the amount of It is well known that advanced framing techniques that reduce the amount of framing in stud-framed walls improve the thermal performance of the walls by allowing more room for insulation and reducing thermal bridging-the heat transfer that happens through wood framing that extends from the inside surface to the outside surface of the wall. Unfortunately, even though the benefits are known, builders have been slow to adopt advanced framing methods because some of the techniques are difficult to apply, trades are not familiar with these nonstandard techniques, and implementation can require design and materials changes. One Building America team, the Partnership for Home Innovation (PHI) led by the Home Innovation Research Labs (formerly known as the National

231

RECYCLING AND REMOVAL OF OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES AN INTERACTIVE METHOD FOR REDUCTION OF NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECYCLING AND REMOVAL OF OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES ­ AN INTERACTIVE METHOD FOR REDUCTION OF NEGATIVE.borup@risoe.dk ABSTRACT: This paper describes a method for reduction of negative environmental impacts of wind turbines and an analysis of future removal and recycling processes of offshore wind turbines. The method is process

232

Developing Low-Conductance Window Frames: Capabilities and Limitations of Current Window Heat Transfer Design Tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

across vertical fluid layers, Journal of Heat Transfer.fluid dynamics and conduction simulations of heat transferheat transfer through such window frames, we need, ideally, to simulate fluid

Gustavsen, Arild

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The dialogical understanding of framing: the Cherokee Nations struggle to retain Indian Territory.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The focus of my paper is on the frames and counterframes used by the Cherokee Nation and the United States federal government and lobbyists, respectively,… (more)

Dawson, Claire Suzanne Smith

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Reconfigurable fuzzy logic system for high-frame rate stereovision object tracking.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??his study investigates the applicability of fuzzy logic control to high-frame rate stereovision object tracking. The technology developed in this work is based on utilizing… (more)

Samarin, Oleg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Citizen Science: Framing the Public, Information Exchange, and Communication in Crowdsourced Science.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Citizen science, the participation of non-scientists in scientific research, has grown over the last 20 years. The current study explores the communication frames used to… (more)

Suomela, Todd Ernest

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Risk Evaluation and Reduction | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Coordination Office Risk Evaluation and Reduction Risk Evaluation and Reduction The Project Management Coordination Office (PMCO) coordinates risk management activities...

237

IMPACTS: Industrial Technologies Program, Summary of Program Results for CY2009  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Describes the impacts in energy savings and environmental pollution reduction of the Industrial Technologies Program's commercialized and emerging technologies for CY2009.

238

Livestock Odor Reduction Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Livestock Odor Reduction Demonstration Project Objectives The 1996 and 1997 Iowa General Assembly-share basis to livestock producers and operators selected to carry out various demonstration projects. Organization The Livestock Odor Reduction Demonstration Project was administered by ISU Extension. Stewart

Lin, Zhiqun

239

EIS-0280: Notice of Cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement Cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0280: Notice of Cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement Clean Power From Integrated Coal/ Ore Reduction Project, Provo, Utah The Department of Energy (DOE) is canceling the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for a proposal by Geneva Steel Company to design, construct, and operate a project known as the Clean Power from Integrated Coal/Ore Reduction (CPICOR) Project near Provo, Utah. DOE/EIS-0280, Department of Energy, Notice of Cancellation of Environmental Impact Statement process for the Clean Power From Integrated Coal/ Ore Reduction (CPICOR) Project, Provo, Utah (October 2004) More Documents & Publications EIS-0282: Notice of Cancellation of the Environmental Impact Statement

240

Economic Impacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impacts Annual federal research budget 399.4 million American Recovery and Reinvestment stimulus an additional 8,000 Employees * Total 1,945 * Living in Fox Valley or western...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Low-energy electron scattering from CO. II. Ab initio study using the frame-transformation theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The frame-transformation theory has been employed to extend first-principles studies of electron-molecule collisions to heteronuclear diatomic systems. The Wigner-Eisenbud R matrix has been introduced at the boundary point of the molecular-core radius—which defines the inner region—in a molecule-fixed frame of reference in the fixed-nuclei approximation. The solutions of the scattering equations in the outer region, where rotational motion of the nuclei is taken into account, are continued by transforming the R matrix to the space frame of reference. This procedure has been applied to a model calculation of thermal-energy electron scattering from CO. The dependence of the rotational transition cross sections on the core radius has been studied. A general methodology has been developed for adapting the single-center pseudopotential method to the proposed amalgamation of the R-matrix and frame-transformation theories in order to perform a fundamental calculation of the interior problem. A comprehensive study of e--CO scattering is carried out on the basis of this methodology. In the present application the dipole term in the multipole expansion of the static potential, computed from the ground-electronic state wave functions of the CO molecule, has been renormalized so that it reproduces, asymptotically, the experimentally measured magnitude of the dipole moment of carbon monoxide. The calculated momentum-transfer cross section is in good agreement with the experimental measurements for thermal-energy e- scattering from CO. The rotational excitation and deexcitation, and total scattering and momentum-transfer cross sections computed from this method also reproduce the 1.75 eV ?2 resonance; while those obtained from an extension of the model calculation mentioned above fail to do so. In particular, it is found that for rotationally inelastic scattering in the resonance region the cross sections for 0?4 and 1?3 transitions are the largest among those which start from the ground and first rotational states of CO molecule, respectively. The angular distributions for various electron impact transitions in CO have also been computed.

N. Chandra

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Power Controlled Minimum Frame Length Scheduling in TDMA Wireless Networks with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Controlled Minimum Frame Length Scheduling in TDMA Wireless Networks with Sectored Antennas controlled min- imum frame length scheduling for TDMA wireless networks. Given a set of one-hop transmission scheduling and power control was first addressed by Tamer and Ephremides in [1, 2]. Given a set of one

Arabshahi, Payman

243

SEISMIC PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR STEEL MOMENT FRAMES By Seung-Yul Yun1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEISMIC PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR STEEL MOMENT FRAMES By Seung-Yul Yun1 , Ronald O. Hamburger2 , C than existing buildings designed and built with older technologies. Key words: seismic behavior; seismic performance evaluation; performance-based design; earthquake engineering; steel moment frame

Sweetman, Bert

244

NREL: Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction - Integrated Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Modeling Integrated Modeling NREL's Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction (VALR) team predicts the impact of advanced vehicle cooling technologies before testing by using an integrated modeling process. Evaluating the heat load on a vehicle under real world conditions is a difficult task. An accepted method to evaluate passenger compartment airflow and heat transfer is computational fluid dynamics. (CFD). Combining analytical models with CFD provides a powerful tool to assist industry both on current vehicles and on future design studies. Flow chart showing the vehicle integrated modeling process which considers solar radiation, air conditioning, and vehicles with CAD, glazing, cabin thermal/fluid, and thermal comfort modeling tools. Results are provided for fuel economy, tailpipe emissions and occupant thermal comfort.

245

MTS Table Top Load frame [Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering> Facilities > Non-Destructive Evaluation Engineering> Facilities > Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and Testing Facilities > MTS Table Top Load frame Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and Testing Facilities Overview MTS Table Top Load Frame X-ray Inspection Systems Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and Testing Facilities MTS Table Top Load frame Bookmark and Share PDF version [167KB] The Non-destructive Evaluation group operates an MTS Table Top Load frame for ultimate strength and life cycle testing of various ceramic, ceramic-matrix (FGI), carbon, carbon fiber, cermet (CMC) and metal alloy engineering samples. The load frame is a servo-hydraulic type designed to function in a closed loop configuration under computer control. The system

246

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies for Employee Commuting |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Employee Commuting Employee Commuting Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies for Employee Commuting October 7, 2013 - 2:25pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 3 This section will help agencies to determine the most visible alternatives to single occupancy vehicle (SOV) commuting at the agencies major worksites establish the number of employees that may reasonably switch to non-SOV methods and estimate the resulting impact greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at their worksites. Learn how to: Identify relevant alternatives and supporting strategies Evaluate potential adoption of alternatives Estimate the GHG emission impact Identify Employee Commuting Alternatives Alternative employee commuting approaches for Federal agency consideration include both alternative travel methods and alternative work arrangements.

247

Landfill reduction experience in The Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modern waste legislation aims at resource efficiency and landfill reduction. This paper analyses more than 20 years of landfill reduction in the Netherlands. The combination of landfill regulations, landfill tax and landfill bans resulted in the desired landfill reduction, but also had negative effects. A fierce competition developed over the remaining waste to be landfilled. In 2013 the Dutch landfill industry generated €40 million of annual revenue, had €58 million annual costs and therefore incurred an annual loss of €18 million. It is not an attractive option to prematurely end business. There is a risk that Dutch landfill operators will not be able to fulfil the financial obligations for closure and aftercare. Contrary to the polluter pays principle the burden may end up with society. EU regulations prohibiting export of waste for disposal are in place. Strong differentials in landfill tax rate between nations have nevertheless resulted in transboundary shipment of waste and in non-compliance with the self-sufficiency and proximity principles. During the transformation from a disposal society to a recycling society, it is important to carefully plan required capacity and to guide the reorganisation of the landfill sector. At some point, it is no longer profitable to provide landfill services. It may be necessary for public organisations or the state to take responsibility for the continued operation of a ‘safety net’ in waste management. Regulations have created a financial incentive to pass on the burden of monitoring and controlling the impact of waste to future generations. To prevent this, it is necessary to revise regulations on aftercare and create incentives to actively stabilise landfills.

Heijo Scharff

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT OF 1995  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT OF 1995 U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY INFORMATION COLLECTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Chris Rouleau, PRA Officer Records Management Division Office of the Associate Chief Information Officer for IT Planning, Architecture and E-Government Office of the Chief Information Officer Office of the Chief Information Officer 2/16/2010 2 TOPICS  Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995 - Law  Paperwork Reduction Act - Overview  Information Collection Requests (ICRs)  Information Collection Request Associated with A Notice of Proposed Rule Making  Program Points of Contacts  Information Collection Clearance Managers  Information Collection Requests Checklist  Drivers  Annual Information Collection Budget  Summary of What To Do  Summary of What NOT

249

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Petroleum Reduction Petroleum Reduction Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Petroleum Reduction Requirements The Wisconsin Department of Administration's fleet management policy

250

National Idling Reduction Network News Compendium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This is a compedium of the National Idling Reduction Network News from July 2004 to April 2014. The National Idling Reduction Network News provides information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

251

Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions January 27, 2010 - 3:42pm Addthis Indiantown, Florida, has a lot of small-town charm. Its 7,000 residents have acres of citrus groves but only one traffic light in the town. It might be small in size, but Indiantown Non-Profit Housing is making quite an impact across its region. This nonprofit weatherizes the homes of qualifying residents free of charge, and demand for its services is on the rise. "One of the best outcomes is that we can hire additional employees" says Director Donna Carman, referring to the $5.2 million in Recovery Act funds Indiantown Non-Profit Housing has received. The staff has more than doubled from five to 16, meaning that Floridians like 72-year-old Edith

252

TAO: Impact  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Impact Impact Home Download Documentation Publications Referencing TAO Impact Who We Are Acknowledgements License Contact Us Research and Publications that make use of TAO Dressed TDDFT study of low-lying electronic excited states in selected linear polyenes and diphenylopolyenes, Mazur, G., Makowski, M., Włodarczyk, R., and Aoki, Y., International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, 111, 4, 819--825, 2011. BibTeX Secondary thermal cracks in EGS: a variational approach, Bourdin, B., Knepley, M., and Maurini, C., Proceedings of the 34th annual meeting of the Geothermal resources council, 2010. BibTeX Adaptive Real-Time Bioheat Transfer Models for Computer Driven MR-guided Laser Induced Thermal Therapy, Fuentes, D., Feng, Y., Elliott, A., Shetty, A., McNichols, R. J., Oden, J. T., and Stafford, R. J., IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 5, 1024--1030, 2010. BibTeX

253

Ozone Reductions Using Residential Building Envelopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ozone is an air pollutant with that can have significant health effects and a significant source of ozone in some regions of California is outdoor air. Because people spend the vast majority of their time indoors, reduction in indoor levels of ozone could lead to improved health for many California residents. Ozone is removed from indoor air by surface reactions and can also be filtered by building envelopes. The magnitude of the envelope impact depends on the specific building materials that the air flows over and the geometry of the air flow paths through the envelope that can be changes by mechanical ventilation operation. The 2008 Residential Building Standards in California include minimum requirements for mechanical ventilation by referencing ASHRAE Standard 62.2. This study examines the changes in indoor ozone depending on the mechanical ventilation system selected to meet these requirements. This study used detailed simulations of ventilation in a house to examine the impacts of different ventilation systems on indoor ozone concentrations. The simulation results showed that staying indoors reduces exposure to ozone by 80percent to 90percent, that exhaust ventilation systems lead to lower indoor ozone concentrations, that opening of windows should be avoided at times of high outdoor ozone, and that changing the time at which mechanical ventilation occurs has the ability to halve exposure to ozone. Future work should focus on the products of ozone reactions in the building envelope and the fate of these products with respect to indoor exposures.

Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max; Nazaroff, William W.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market Review Title State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames - Research and Market Review Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-1133E Year of Publication 2007 Authors Gustavsen, Arlid, Bjørn Petter Jelle, Dariush K. Arasteh, and Christian Kohler Call Number LBNL-1133E Abstract This document reports the findings of a market and research review related to state-of-the-art highly insulating window frames. The market review focuses on window frames that satisfy the Passivhaus requirements (window U-value less or equal to 0.8 W/m2K), while other examples are also given in order to show the variety of materials and solutions that may be used for constructing window frames with a low thermal transmittance (U-value). The market search shows that several combinations of materials are used in order to obtain window frames with a low U-value. The most common insulating material seems to be Polyurethane (PUR), which is used together with most of the common structural materials such as wood, aluminum, and PVC.

255

Community benefits, framing and the social acceptance of offshore wind farms: An experimental study in England  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The provision of community benefits, payments to communities affected by renewable energy developments, has received significant policy-maker attention in recent years. This research explores whether the provision of community benefits associates with increased local support for a hypothetical, future offshore wind farm in Exmouth (UK), using an experimental methodology (n = 311). Participants were allocated to one of three framing conditions: (i) a ‘no-framed condition’, presenting basic information about a possible wind farm without mentioning community benefits; (ii) a ‘community benefit frame’, highlighting the likely community benefits that would accompany a wind farm; or (iii) a ‘dual framing’ condition, presenting information about community benefits alongside critical perspectives that commonly surround these (perceptions of ‘bribery’). Support for the development was greatest under the community benefit frame. However, this heightened support diminished in a context of social contestation (the dual framing condition). Elevated perceptions of collective rather than individual outcome favourability or procedural justice explained why support was greatest under the community benefit frame. Ensuring and communicating that community benefits offer a ‘good deal’ to communities, rather than focusing on individual benefits, may be the most viable avenue to increase support for renewable energy developments through community benefits.

Benjamin J.A. Walker; Bouke Wiersma; Etienne Bailey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Time-Resolved Molecular Frame Dynamics of Fixed-in-Space CS2 Molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Random orientation of molecules within a sample leads to blurred observationsof chemical reactions studied from the laboratory perspective. Methodsdeveloped for the dynamic imaging of molecular structures and processesstruggle with this, as measurements are optimally made in the molecular frame.Here we uselaser alignment to transiently fix CS2 molecules in space longenough to elucidate, in the molecular reference frame, details of ultrafast electronic vibrationaldynamics during a photochemical reaction. These three-dimensional photoelectron imaging results, combined with ongoing efforts in molecular alignment and orientation, presage a wide range of insights obtainable fromtime-resolved studies in the molecular frame.

Bisgaard, Christer; Clarkin, Owen; Wu, Guorong; Lee, Anthony; Gessner, Oliver; Hayden, Carl; Stolow, Albert

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

257

Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reduction of NO by Hydrocarbons Selectlive Catalytic Reducution of NOx wilth Diesel-Based Fuels as Reductants Engine and Reactor Evaluations of HC-SCR for Diesel NOx Reduction...

258

Multi-Site Energy Reduction Through Teamwork  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Flare switched to stand-by 6. Acid water specification 7. Nitrogen consumption reduction 8. Compressed air optimization 9. Boiler minimum fire set-point reduction 10. Leak reduction...

Theising, T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Some Notes on the Window Frame Method for Assessing the Magnitude and Nature of Plasma-Wall Contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Some Notes on the Window Frame Method for Assessing the Magnitude and Nature of Plasma be possible to make upper-bound estimates (which are needed to assess the validity of the window frame method

Stangeby, P. C.

260

Size distribution of associated clusters in liquid alcohols: Interpretation of simulation results in the frame of SAFT approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the frame of SAFT approach Ji� Janecek and Patrice Paricaud Citation: J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174502 (2013); doi in liquid alcohols: Interpretation of simulation results in the frame of SAFT approach Jir� Janecek1,2,a

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation Meeting arravt041tibaird2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Vehicle...

262

Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Peer Evaluation arravt041esbaird2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project North...

263

Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

-- Washington D.C. tiarravt041baird2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Utah Clean...

264

Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by Hydrocarbons Development of Optimal Catalyst Designs and Operating Strategies for Lean NOx Reduction in Coupled LNT-SCR Systems...

265

Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation Model-Based Diesel Engine Control Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation...

266

Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid. Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified...

267

Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications. Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications....

268

Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Initiative Global Threat Reduction Initiative The Current Status of Gap and U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals 2011. Global Threat Reduction Initiative More Documents &...

269

Diesel Engine Emission Reduction (DEER) Experiment | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emission Reduction (DEER) Experiment Diesel Engine Emission Reduction (DEER) Experiment Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the...

270

NREL: Sustainable NREL - Greenhouse Gas Reduction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Greenhouse Gas Reduction A leader in federal greenhouse gas (GHG) management, NREL has conducted GHG inventories, developed reduction goals, and reported emissions since 2000. NREL...

271

Characterizing Test Methods and Emissions Reduction Performance...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Test Methods and Emissions Reduction Performance of In-Use Diesel Retrofit Technologies from the National Clean Diesel Campaign Characterizing Test Methods and Emissions Reduction...

272

Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction Presentation slides from the June 19, 2012, Fuel...

273

Microbial reduction of iron ore  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is provided for reducing iron ore by treatment with microorganisms which comprises forming an aqueous mixture of iron ore, microorganisms operable for reducing the ferric iron of the iron ore to ferrous iron, and a substrate operable as an energy source for the microbial reduction; and maintaining the aqueous mixture for a period of time and under conditions operable to effect the reduction of the ore. Preferably the microorganism is Pseudomonas sp. 200 and the reduction conducted anaerobically with a domestic wastewater as the substrate. An aqueous solution containing soluble ferrous iron can be separated from the reacted mixture, treated with a base to precipitate ferrous hydroxide which can then be recovered as a concentrated slurry.

Hoffmann, Michael R. (Pasadena, CA); Arnold, Robert G. (Pasadena, CA); Stephanopoulos, Gregory (Pasadena, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Microbial reduction of iron ore  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is provided for reducing iron ore by treatment with microorganisms which comprises forming an aqueous mixture of iron ore, microorganisms operable for reducing the ferric iron of the iron ore to ferrous iron, and a substrate operable as an energy source for the microbial reduction; and maintaining the aqueous mixture for a period of time and under conditions operable to effect the reduction of the ore. Preferably the microorganism is Pseudomonas sp. 200 and the reduction conducted anaerobically with a domestic wastewater as the substrate. An aqueous solution containing soluble ferrous iron can be separated from the reacted mixture, treated with a base to precipitate ferrous hydroxide which can then be recovered as a concentrated slurry. 11 figs.

Hoffmann, M.R.; Arnold, R.G.; Stephanopoulos, G.

1989-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

275

NETL: Turbine Projects - Cost Reduction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost Reduction Cost Reduction Turbine Projects Cost Reduction Single Crystal Turbine Blades Enhancing Gas Turbine Efficiency Data/Fact Sheets Enabling and Information Technologies to Increase RAM of Advanced Powerplants Data/Fact Sheets Development of NDE Technology for Environmental Barrier Coating and Residual Life Estimation Data/Fact Sheets Welding and Weld Repair of Single Crystal Gas Turbine Alloy Data/Fact Sheets Combustion Turbine Hot Section Coating Life Management Data/Fact Sheets On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization Data/Fact Sheets On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating [PDF] Advanced Monitoring to Improve Combustion Turbine/Combined Cycle RAM Data/Fact Sheets Advanced Monitoring to Improve Combustion Turbine [PDF]

276

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile … Advanced Framing Systems and Packages  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

studies involving studies involving thousands of homes have documented significant material, labor, and energy savings when production builders implement advanced framing techniques. Advanced framing can reduce the number of studs in the walls by up to one-third, reducing the cost of materials. and reducing the cost of labor in terms of the time it takes to handle, cut, install, drill, and attach to studs. Actual savings have exceeded $1,000 per home. Studies show the resulting improvement in thermal performance can yield 13% energy savings. BUILDING AMERICA TOP INNOVATIONS HALL OF FAME PROFILE INNOVATIONS CATEGORY: 1. Advanced Technologies and Practices 1.1 Building Science Solutions Advanced Framing Systems and Packages Building America has developed best practices for advanced framing

277

Laser wakefield simulation using a speed-of-light frame envelope model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser wake?eld simulation using a speed-of-light frameAbstract. Simulation of laser wake?eld accelerator (LWFA)extend hundreds of laser wave- lengths transversely and many

Cowan, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

ORTHONORMAL DILATIONS OF NON-TIGHT FRAMES MARCIN BOWNIK, JOHN JASPER, AND DARRIN SPEEGLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORTHONORMAL DILATIONS OF NON-TIGHT FRAMES MARCIN BOWNIK, JOHN JASPER, AND DARRIN SPEEGLE Abstract and Riesz bounds are the same. Recently, Bownik and Jasper [3, Proposition 2.3] proved a dilation result

Scannell, Kevin Patrick

279

The Role of Ethical Frames and Values on Teacher Interaction with Academic Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to engage in academic misconduct. The findings also appeared to suggest misconduct was influenced by social adaptation theory (R2N = .32); organizational socialization (Wald (1) =5.79, p ethical frames (Wald (4...

Kidd, Talesa S.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

280

Analytical Modeling of Wood Frame Shear Walls Subjected to Vertical Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nonlinear automated parameter fitted analytical model that numerically predicts the load-displacement response of wood frame shear walls subjected to static monotonic loading with and without vertical load is presented. This analytical model...

Nguyendinh, Hai

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Using reference frames and the Global Positioning System (GPS) to produce control networks for spatial data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for setting base control points that cover very large areas. Data obtained from the International GPS Service for Geodynamics (IGS) is used in conjunction with the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) to establish control points anywhere...

Naismith, James Mozeney

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Thermal properties of structural details in wood frame homes : analysis and recommendations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The wood platform frame home is the dominant design in the United States when it comes to single family housing. Introduced during the mid-nineteenth century, the scheme is a cheap, fast, and proven design that takes ...

Graybeal, Alexander Kung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Handling Frame Problems When Address-Based Sampling Is Used for In-Person Household Surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......use as the sampling frame for household surveys. This subset includes...However, around 90 percent of households with PO box addresses also have...recent growth, new construction, Hispanic households, non-English-speaking households......

Graham Kalton; Jennifer Kali; Richard Sigman

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Experimental and Numerical Examination of the Thermal Transmittance of High Performance Window Frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

windows are often called passive -house wind ows, as windowse window frames, like passive-house windows. In this p aperare supposed to satisfy the Passive house requirements of

Gustavsen Ph.D., Arild

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Local thermodynamical equilibrium and the beta frame for a quantum relativistic fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the concept of local thermodynamical equilibrium in relativistic hydrodynamics in a quantum statistical framework without an underlying kinetic description, suitable for strongly interacting fluids. We show that the appropriate definition of local equilibrium naturally leads to the introduction of a relativistic hydrodynamical frame in which the four-velocity vector is the one of a relativistic thermometer at equilibrium with the fluid, parallel to the inverse temperature four-vector beta, which then becomes a primary quantity. We show that this frame is the most appropriate for the expansion of stress-energy tensor from local thermodynamical equilibrium and that therein the local laws of thermodynamics take on their simplest form. We discuss the difference between the beta frame and Landau frame and present an instance where they differ.

F. Becattini; L. Bucciantini; E. Grossi; L. Tinti

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

286

Performance of alternative CFRP retrofitting schemes used in infilled RC frames E. Yuksel a,*, H. Ozkaynak b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Istanbul, Turkey c Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA of infill walls on the seismic response of reinforced concrete (RC) frames. The experimental study presented to be more than those of the bare infilled frame, thus reducing the seismic demand imposed on the frames

Entekhabi, Dara

287

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Emissions Reduction Emissions Reduction Credits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reduction Credits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Emissions Reduction Credits Any state mobile emissions reduction credits program must allow credits for emissions reductions achieved by converting a vehicle to operate on an

288

Standard setting: frame of reference training, generalizability training, and the Angoff method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARD SETTING: FRAME OF REFERENCE TRAINING, GENERALIZABILITY TRAINING, AND THE ANGOFF METHOD A Thesis by MELINDA LOUISE FEHRMANN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Psychology STANDARD SETTING: FRAME OF REFERENCE TRAINING, GENERALIZABILITY TRAINING, AND THE ANGOFF METHOD A Thesis by MELLNDA LOUISE FEHRMANN Approved as to style and content by: avid J...

Fehrmann, Melinda Louise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Anomalous Flyby in the Non-Prefered Reference Frame of the Rotating Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several spacecrafts show an anomalous flyby. In a previous paper a non-prefered reference frame is studied moving uniformly relative to the prefered one. In this article the Doppler frequency residual is derived. The prefered reference frame is given by the isotropy of the CMB and the non-prefered one is the Earth. The resulting jump is much too small to explain the measured anomalous flybys of the different spacecrafts. Therefore, the transformations from the prefered frame to the non-prefered frame are replaced by the corresponding total differentials. A formula for the Doppler frequency residual is derived. It is applied to the prefered frame of the Earth and the non-prefered frame of the rotating Earth. The resulting Doppler residual depends on the direction of the velocity of the spacecraft and the position of the observer on the rotating Earth. It is similar to the experimental formula of Anderson et al. which is independent of the position of the observer.

Walter Petry

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

290

Reduction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

complimentary copy. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http:php.aip.orgphpcopyright.jsp rate and frequency spectra in both the unstable and damped-...

291

Black carbon snow albedo reduction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Black carbon snow albedo reduction Black carbon snow albedo reduction Title Black carbon snow albedo reduction Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Hadley, Odelle L., and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Nature Climate Change Volume 2 Pagination 437-440 Abstract Climate models indicate that the reduction of surface albedo caused by black-carbon contamination of snow contributes to global warming and near-worldwide melting of ice1, 2. In this study, we generated and characterized pure and black-carbon-laden snow in the laboratory and verified that black-carbon contamination appreciably reduces snow albedo at levels that have been found in natural settings1, 3, 4. Increasing the size of snow grains in our experiments decreased snow albedo and amplified the radiative perturbation of black carbon, which justifies the aging-related positive feedbacks that are included in climate models. Moreover, our data provide an extensive verification of the Snow, Ice and Aerosol Radiation model1, which will be included in the next assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change5.

292

NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels ... NOx emissions appear to be different for biodiesels from different feedstocks. ... For the suite of biodiesels prepared from nearly pure fatty acids, all biodiesel fuels produced higher NOx than certification diesel with the following exceptions:? methyl palmitate, methyl laurate, ethyl stearate, and the ethyl ester of hydrogenated soybean oil. ...

Sandun Fernando; Chris Hall; Saroj Jha

2005-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Adaptive Port Reduction in Static Condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Port Reduction in Static Condensation JL Eftang DBP Huynh DJ Knezevic EM Rønquist a framework for adaptive reduction of the degrees of freedom associated with ports in static condensation (SC reduction for the interior of a component with model order reduction on the ports in order to rapidly

Rønquist, Einar M.

294

Energy Reduction Techniques for Caches and Multiprocessors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Reduction Techniques for Caches and Multiprocessors #12;#12;Energy Reduction Techniques-90-72298-03-4 Keywords: Energy reduction, Caches, Multi processor scheduling Cover design: Floris de Langen Copyright c the years. #12;#12;Energy Reduction Techniques for Caches and Multiprocessors Pepijn de Langen Abstract E

Kuzmanov, Georgi

295

Economic Impact Reporting Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 November 2008 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

296

Economic Impact Reporting Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction to Idle Reduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Benefits & Considerations Heavy-Duty Vehicles Medium-Duty Vehicles Light-Duty Vehicles School Buses Laws & Incentives Research & Development Related Links Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Fleet Rightsizing System Efficiency Idle Reduction Photo of fleet trucks

298

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Incentives Cascade Sierra Solutions (CSS) provides comprehensive idle reduction solutions for commercial trucks and trailers. Financing, loans, and grant

299

NREL: Vehicle Ancillary Loads Reduction - Air Conditioner Reduction Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conditioner Reduction Project to Reduce Vehicle Fuel Use by 30% Conditioner Reduction Project to Reduce Vehicle Fuel Use by 30% United States map depicting number of millions of gallons of cooling and dehumidification by state: Alabama 167, Alaska 1, Arizona 43, Arkansas 86, California 730, Colorado 76, Connecticut 61, Delaware 19, Florida 753, Georgia 251, Hawaii 68, Idaho 26, Illinois 242, Indiana 142, Iowa 68, Kansas 75, Kentucky 95, Louisiana 176, Maine 21, Maryland 118, Massachusetts 86, Michigan 186, Minnesota 86, Mississippi 85, Missouri 144, Montana 12, Nebraska 40, Nevada 61, New Hampshire 90, New Jersey 167, New Mexico 52, New York 273, North Carolina 187, North Dakota 12, Ohio 229, Oklahoma 109, Oregon 66, Pennsylvania 238, Rhode Island 15, South Carolina 127, South Dakota 17, Tennessee 179, Texas 735, Utah 43, Vermont 9, Virginia 187, Washington 64, West Virginia 37, Wisconsin 167, and Wyoming 7

300

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique Date: Tuesday, March 12, 2013 Innovation for Our Energy Future Shyam S. Kocha: NREL Yannick Garsany: EXCET/NRL Deborah Myers: ANL https://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/webinars.html Outline 1) Background 2) Experimental Aspects of RDE Testing 3) Basic Measurement Technique & Analysis 4) Parameters Affecting RDE Activity Measurements 1) Impact of Film Deposition & Drying Techniques 2) Impact of Ink Formulation 3) Impact of Nafion Incorporation 4) Impact of particle size effects 5) Correlation with MEA data 5) Electrocatalyst Durability using RDE Measurements 6) Summary 2 Background PEMFC MEA Thin-film RDE Trends of activity and durability in Rotating Disc Electrode (RDE)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Reductive Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reductive Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Reductive Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide T. Mill (ted.mill@sri.com; 650-859-3605) SRI, PS273 333 Ravenswood Menlo Park, CA 94025 D. Ross (dsross3@yahoo.com; 650-327-3842) U.S. Geological Survey, Bldg 15 MS 999 345 Middlefield Rd. Menlo Park, CA 94025 Introduction The United States currently meets 80% of its energy needs by burning fossil fuels to form CO 2 . The combustion-based production of CO 2 has evolved into a major environmental challenge that extends beyond national borders and the issue has become as politically charged as it is technologically demanding. Whereas CO 2 levels in the atmosphere had remained stable over the 10,000 years preceeding the industrial revolution, that event initiated rapid growth in CO 2 levels over the past 150 years (Stevens, 2000). The resulting accelerating accumulation of

302

The reduction of packaging waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nationwide, packaging waste comprises approximately one-third of the waste disposed in sanitary landfills. the US Department of Energy (DOE) generated close to 90,000 metric tons of sanitary waste. With roughly one-third of that being packaging waste, approximately 30,000 metric tons are generated per year. The purpose of the Reduction of Packaging Waste project was to investigate opportunities to reduce this packaging waste through source reduction and recycling. The project was divided into three areas: procurement, onsite packaging and distribution, and recycling. Waste minimization opportunities were identified and investigated within each area, several of which were chosen for further study and small-scale testing at the Hanford Site. Test results, were compiled into five ``how-to`` recipes for implementation at other sites. The subject of the recipes are as follows: (1) Vendor Participation Program; (2) Reusable Containers System; (3) Shrink-wrap System -- Plastic and Corrugated Cardboard Waste Reduction; (4) Cardboard Recycling ; and (5) Wood Recycling.

Raney, E.A.; Hogan, J.J.; McCollom, M.L.; Meyer, R.J.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A vehicle may not idle at a loading zone, parking or service area, route terminal, or other off-street areas, except for the following situations:

304

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A motor vehicle engine may not operate for more than five consecutive minutes when the vehicle is not in motion, with the following exceptions:

305

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirements Effective May 1, 2014, a driver may not idle his or her motor vehicle for more than five minutes in a 60-minute period. This limit does not apply if

306

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement Diesel vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating over 10,000 pounds may not idle for more than five minutes in any continuous 60 minute period.

307

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduction Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement The owner or operator of a diesel powered vehicle must limit the length of time their vehicle remains idle. The limit is based on the outside

308

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement Motor vehicles may not idle unnecessarily for longer than five consecutive minutes during any 60-minute period. This includes heavy-duty diesel

309

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement Diesel truck or bus engines may not idle for more than 15 consecutive minutes. Exemptions apply to diesel trucks or buses for which the Nevada

310

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A person that operates a diesel powered motor vehicle in certain counties and townships may not cause or allow the motor vehicle, when it is not in

311

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduction Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A commercial vehicle or gasoline powered vehicle may not idle for more than five minutes during any 60-minute period. Exemptions are allowed for the

312

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Emissions Reductions Emissions Reductions Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Reductions Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Emissions Reductions Grants The Carl Moyer Memorial Air Quality Standards Attainment Program (Program) provides incentives to cover the incremental cost of purchasing engines and

313

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A gasoline-fueled motor vehicle is not allowed to operate for more than three consecutive minutes when the vehicle is not in motion, with the

314

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A diesel- or gasoline-powered motor vehicle may not idle for more than three consecutive minutes, except under the following conditions: 1) to

315

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement Motor vehicles licensed for commercial or public service may not idle for more than three minutes in commercial or residential urban areas, unless

316

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement Idling of any unattended vehicle is prohibited in Utah. Violators are subject to a penalty of up to $750 and/or up to 90 days imprisonment.

317

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduction Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement On-road heavy-duty motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or greater may not idle for more than three consecutive

318

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Loans Idle Reduction Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Loans on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Loans The Small Business Pollution Prevention Assistance Account Loan Program provides low interest rate loans to small businesses undertaking projects in Pennsylvania that reduce waste, pollution, or energy use, including the

319

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Petroleum Reduction Petroleum Reduction Initiative to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Petroleum Reduction Initiative The Petroleum Savings and Independence Advisory Commission (Commission) was established to provide recommendations and monitor programs designed to

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A motor vehicle may not idle for more than five consecutive minutes. This regulation does not apply to: 1) vehicles being serviced, provided that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduction Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement Vehicle operators may not idle any commercial diesel vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds for more than 10 minutes

322

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement School bus operators may not idle a school bus engine for more than three consecutive minutes except under the following conditions: uncontrollable

323

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduction Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A commercial motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or more may not idle for more than 15 minutes in any 60-minute

324

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A vehicle may not idle for more than five minutes from April through October in cities and counties where the local government has signed a

325

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Requirement A driver may not idle a vehicle on a roadway outside a business or residential district when it is practical to stop and park the vehicle. A

326

Impact on a comet: Rosetta Lander simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the year 2012 the Rosetta Lander will be ejected from the Rosetta orbiter and, after a descent time of up to 3 h, touch the surface of comet 46P/Wirtanen. The objective of the simulations of the landing on a comet is the analysis and understanding of the dynamics of the Rosetta Lander on impact on the comet surface. The Lander properties are well known prior to launch. The data on the comet surface are far less familiar and must be described within an envelope covering a range of possible physical surface parameters. The kinetic energy of the Lander is damped on impact in less than 1 s and the Lander must be secured on the cometary surface. The 3-D simulations are carried out in the frame of a multibody analysis and the positions, velocities, applied and constrain forces are analysed.

M Hilchenbach; O Küchemann; H Rosenbauer

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The impact of continuous and discontinuous alliance strategies on startup innovation performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The open innovation paradigm emphasises the importance of alliances for improving the innovation performance of firms. However, existing empirical research on innovation performance implications of alliances is dominated by cross-sectional studies. As a result, we do not know how the time frame of alliances might influence innovation performance. In this study, we therefore examine the impact of different time frames of alliance strategies on innovation performance. In order to do so, we collected panel data on 217 Flemish startup firms. The results show a positive association between 'discontinuous alliance strategies' with suppliers, customers and competitors and 'incremental' innovation performance. In addition, we find a positive impact of 'continuous alliance strategies' with suppliers, competitors and universities and other research institutes on 'radical' innovation performance. These findings encourage startup firms to balance their alliance portfolio not only in terms of different kinds of partners but also in terms of different kinds of time frames.

Inge Neyens; Dries Faems; Luc Sels

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Power Plant Emission Reductions Using a Generation Performance Standard  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Power Plant Emission Reductions Power Plant Emission Reductions Using a Generation Performance Standard by J. Alan Beamon, Tom Leckey, and Laura Martin There are many policy instruments available for reducing power plant emissions, and the choice of a policy will affect compliance decisions, costs, and prices faced by consumers. In a previous analysis, the Energy Information Administration analyzed the impacts of power sector caps on nitrogen oxides (NO x ), sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions, assuming a policy instru- ment patterned after the SO 2 allowance program created in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. 1 This report compares the results of that work with the results of an analysis that assumes the use of a dynamic generation performance standard (GPS) as an instrument for reducing CO 2 emissions. 2 In general, the results of the two analyses are similar: to reduce

329

Global Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear Security Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Global Threat Reduction Initiative Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nonproliferation > Global Threat Reduction Initiative Global Threat Reduction Initiative The mission of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) is to reduce

330

Global Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear Security Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Global Threat Reduction Initiative Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nonproliferation > Global Threat Reduction Initiative Global Threat Reduction Initiative The mission of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) is to reduce

331

U-212: RSA Authentication Manager Flaws Permit Cross-Site and Cross-Frame  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: RSA Authentication Manager Flaws Permit Cross-Site and 2: RSA Authentication Manager Flaws Permit Cross-Site and Cross-Frame Scripting and URL Redirection Attacks U-212: RSA Authentication Manager Flaws Permit Cross-Site and Cross-Frame Scripting and URL Redirection Attacks July 13, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA Authentication Manager Flaws Permit Cross-Site and Cross-Frame Scripting and URL Redirection Attacks PLATFORM: RSA Authentication Manager 7.1 is vulnerable; other versions may also be affected. ABSTRACT: RSA Authentication Manager is prone to multiple security vulnerabilities because it fails to properly sanitize user-supplied input. Attackers can exploit these issues to execute arbitrary script or HTML code, steal cookie-based authentication credentials, and conduct phishing attacks. Other attacks may also be possible.

332

Rotating-frame gradient fields for magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance in low fields  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for Fourier encoding a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signal is disclosed. A static magnetic field B.sub.0 is provided along a first direction. An NMR signal from the sample is Fourier encoded by applying a rotating-frame gradient field B.sub.G superimposed on the B.sub.0, where the B.sub.G comprises a vector component rotating in a plane perpendicular to the first direction at an angular frequency .omega.in a laboratory frame. The Fourier-encoded NMR signal is detected.

Bouchard, Louis-Serge; Pines, Alexander; Demas, Vasiliki

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

333

Wind Energy and Air Emission Reduction Benefits: A Primer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a summary of the impact of wind energy development on various air pollutants for a general audience. The core document addresses the key facts relating to the analysis of emission reductions from wind energy development. It is intended for use by a wide variety of parties with an interest in this issue, ranging from state environmental officials to renewable energy stakeholders. The appendices provide basic background information for the general reader, as well as detailed information for those seeking a more in-depth discussion of various topics.

Jacobson, D.; High, C.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Reduction-in-Force | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduction-in-Force Reduction in force (RIF) is a set of regulations and procedures that are used to determine whether an employee keeps his or her present position, or...

335

Viscous drag reduction in boundary layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present volume discusses the development status of stability theory for laminar flow control design, applied aspects of laminar-flow technology, transition delays using compliant walls, the application of CFD to skin friction drag-reduction, active-wave control of boundary-layer transitions, and such passive turbulent-drag reduction methods as outer-layer manipulators and complex-curvature concepts. Also treated are such active turbulent drag-reduction technique applications as those pertinent to MHD flow drag reduction, as well as drag reduction in liquid boundary layers by gas injection, drag reduction by means of polymers and surfactants, drag reduction by particle addition, viscous drag reduction via surface mass injection, and interactive wall-turbulence control.

Bushnell, D.M.; Hefner, J.N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium Analysis Jennifer Morris* , Mort Webster* and John Reilly* Abstract The electric power sector, which

337

Energy Reduction at HQ | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

HQ Energy Reduction at HQ The Department of Energy (DOE) is setting an example for the entire Federal Government with aggressive but achievable goals for energy reduction at all...

338

Cohomological Reduction of Sigma Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article studies some features of quantum field theories with internal supersymmetry, focusing mainly on 2-dimensional non-linear sigma models which take values in a coset superspace. It is discussed how BRST operators from the target space supersymmetry algebra can be used to identify subsectors which are often simpler than the original model and may allow for an explicit computation of correlation functions. After an extensive discussion of the general reduction scheme, we present a number of interesting examples, including symmetric superspaces $G/G^{\\mathbb{Z}_2}$ and coset superspaces of the form $G/G^{\\mathbb{Z}_4}$.

Constantin Candu; Thomas Creutzig; Vladimir Mitev; Volker Schomerus

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cohomological Reduction of Sigma Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article studies some features of quantum field theories with internal supersymmetry, focusing mainly on 2-dimensional non-linear sigma models which take values in a coset superspace. It is discussed how BRST operators from the target space supersymmetry algebra can be used to identify subsectors which are often simpler than the original model and may allow for an explicit computation of correlation functions. After an extensive discussion of the general reduction scheme, we present a number of interesting examples, including symmetric superspaces $G/G^{\\mathbb{Z}_2}$ and coset superspaces of the form $G/G^{\\mathbb{Z}_4}$.

Candu, Constantin; Mitev, Vladimir; Schomerus, Volker

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Understanding ammonia selective catalytic reduction kinetics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temperature programmed reduction (TPR), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Catalytic properties are examined using NO oxidation, ammonia oxidation,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Intramolecular Reduction of Oxyferryl Myoglobin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Intramolecular Reduction of Oxyferryl Iron in Horse Heart Myoglobin of Intramolecular Reduction of Oxyferryl Iron in Horse Heart Myoglobin Craig Fenwick, Stephen Marmor, K. Govindaraju, Ann M. English, James F. Wishart and Ji Sun J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 3169-3170 (1994) Abstract: The observed rate constant (kobs), as determined by pulse radiolysis, for intramolecular electron transfer (ET) from a5RuII bound at His48 to the ferric heme of horse heart myoglobin was 0.059 ± 0.003 s-1 at 25 °C, pH 7.0. This value is essentially identical to that previously reported in the literature for sperm whale myoglobin. Following oxidation by H2O2 of the ferric heme to oxyferryl heme (FeIV=O), kobs for intramolecular ET from a5RuII(His48) to heme increased to 0.19 ± 0.02 s-1 at a driving force of 0.96 eV. However, at the same driving force, a rate

342

Two-Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics and Conduction Simulations of Heat Transfer in Horizontal Window Frames with Internal Cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the two-dimensional heat transfer through building products.Gustavsen, A. 2001. Heat transfer in window frames withand CFD Simulations of Heat Transfer in Horizontal Window

Gustavsen, Arlid

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Move Frame Scheduling and Mixed SchedulingAllocation for the Automated Synthesis of Digital Systems y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

steps: 1) Data path synthe­ sis (operation scheduling and hardware allocation), and 2) Control path design. In the scheduling phase, operations are assigned to the appropriate control steps. The allocaMove Frame Scheduling and Mixed Scheduling­Allocation for the Automated Synthesis of Digital

Nourani, Mehrdad

344

Saha Equation in an Uniformly Accelerated Reference Frame and Some of Its Physical Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Saha equations for the photo-ionization of hydrogen atoms and the electron positron pair production at high temperature are obtained in a reference frame undergoing a uniform accelerated motion in an otherwise flat Minkowski space-time geometry. Some of the physical implications of our findings are discussed.

Sanchari De; Somenath Chakrabarty

2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

345

Two-Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics and Conduction Simulations of Heat Transfer in Window Frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Two-Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics and Conduction Simulations of Heat Transfer Arasteh and Dragan Curcija ABSTRACT Accurately analyzing heat transfer in window frame cavities radiation heat-transfer effects.) We examine three representative complex cavity cross-section profiles

346

The Role of Contextual Framing: Assessments, Classroom Practice, and Student Perceptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance on assessments. This study seeks to identify some of the main influences of this effect problems on assessments and deepens curiosity about the exact effect of contextual framing in the classroom rolling on an inclined plane, a rocket ship flying overhead, or no explanation), and the mode

Colorado at Boulder, University of

347

Real-Time Frame-Dependent Watermarking in MPEG-2 Video  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Frame-Dependent Watermarking in MPEG-2 Video Chun-Shien Lu ?, Jan-Ru Chen y, and Kuo data. In particular, video watermarking deals with several issues that are unique to various types-time detection, bit-rate control, and resistance to watermark estimation attacks, will be addressed. Since video

Chen, Sheng-Wei

348

Feasibility analysis of ultra high frame rate visual servoing on FPGA and SIMD processor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Visual servoing has been proven to obtain better performance than mechanical encoders for position acquisition. However, the often computationally intensive vision algorithms and the ever growing demands for higher frame rate make its realization very ... Keywords: FPGA, reconfiguration, visual servoing, wide SIMD

Yifan He; Zhenyu Ye; Dongrui She; Bart Mesman; Henk Corporaal

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Learning Bilingual Semantic Frames: Shallow Semantic Parsing vs. Semantic Role Projection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALIGN, a new model for learning bilingual seman- tic frames that employs monolin- gual Chinese and English seman- tic parsers to learn bilingual seman- tic role mappings with 72.45% F- score, given seman- tic parallelism in bilingual sentences. We present experimental data ex- plaining

Wu, Dekai

350

A new moving frame to extract scattering phases in lattice QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a derivation of the finite-size formulae in a moving frame with total momentum P=(2pi/L)(e_1+e_2). These formulae allow us to calculate the S-wave and P-wave scattering phases at more energies with a fixed lattice size and thus help us to determine the resonance parameters precisely.

Dru Renner,Xu Feng,Karl Jansen

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Using Formal Methods To Derive Test Frames In CategoryPartition Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Formal Methods To Derive Test Frames In Category­Partition Testing Paul Ammann \\Lambda Jeff Engineering George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 Abstract Testing is a standard method of assuring is a specification­ based testing method. An important aspect of category­ partition testing is the construction

Offutt, Jeff

352

PROMPT VERSUS PROBLEM: HELPING STUDENTS LEARN TO FRAME PROBLEMS AND THINK CREATIVELY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Creative thinking is needed to approach such problems. What about creative thinking in the engineering creativity rather than building skills or analytical abilities. 2.2 Key Questions Does engineering educationPROMPT VERSUS PROBLEM: HELPING STUDENTS LEARN TO FRAME PROBLEMS AND THINK CREATIVELY JUSTIN Y LAI

Yang, Maria

353

An Exact Algorithm Optimizing Coverage-Resolution for Automated Satellite Frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Exact Algorithm Optimizing Coverage-Resolution for Automated Satellite Frame Selection Dezhen Abstract-- As a new application area for Automation, Near Real Time Satellite Imaging provides timely optical information which is used for weather prediction, disaster control, surveil- lance, and military

O'Brien, James F.

354

Frame-Scheduling for Input-Queued Switches with Energy Reconfiguration Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frame-Scheduling for Input-Queued Switches with Energy Reconfiguration Costs Andrea Bianco, Paolo problems, mainly due to thermal issues that require complex cooling systems and to increasing energy costs scheduler determines a switching fabric configuration to transfer packets. We consider the energy

355

The buildings of the Smithsonian Institution frame the National Mall. They not only contain impres-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;The buildings of the Smithsonian Institution frame the National Mall. They not only contain first the nine Smithsonian buildings that sit on the National Mall and then five others that lie outside the largest pieces in the Smithsonian's collection: its buildings. THE LARGEST PIECES IN THE SMITHSONIAN

Mathis, Wayne N.

356

Legal Framing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Society Review, 39(1), 11– Armstrong, E. A. (2002). ForgingUniversity of Chicago Press. Armstrong, E. A. (2005). FromCambridge University Press. Armstrong, E. A. , & Bernstein,

Leachman, Gwendolyn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Bottom Frame  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy at SSRL X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy at SSRL Welcome to the home page of the Structural Molecular Biology/X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Group at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. The SMB/XAS group develops methodology and instrumentation, and provides a wide array of equipment, software and services/support for x-ray absorption spectroscopy users at SSRL. Scientific focus is on dilute metalloprotein XAS, microbeam imaging/XAS, low-Z XAS (S and Cl etc.), and polarized single crystal XAS studies, for which specialized facilities are made available. Equipment ranges from advanced solid-state array x-ray fluorescence detector systems, liquid-He cryostats and capillary/ K-B optic micro-XAS instrumentation to wet-laboratory facilities. Software provided by the

358

Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The requirement that physical phenomena associated with gravitational collapse should be duly reconciled with the postulates of quantum mechanics implies that at a Planckian scale our world is not 3+1 dimensional. Rather, the observable degrees of freedom can best be described as if they were Boolean variables defined on a two-dimensional lattice, evolving with time. This observation, deduced from not much more than unitarity, entropy and counting arguments, implies severe restrictions on possible models of quantum gravity. Using cellular automata as an example it is argued that this dimensional reduction implies more constraints than the freedom we have in constructing models. This is the main reason why so-far no completely consistent mathematical models of quantum black holes have been found. Essay dedicated to Abdus Salam.

G. 't Hooft

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

Greenhouse Gas Reductions: SF6  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory is leading the way in greenhouse gas reductions, particularly with the recapture and recycling of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). SF6 is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas ? one pound of SF6 is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide. While the U.S. does not currently regulate SF6 emissions, Argonne is proactively and voluntarily recovering and recycling to reduce SF6 emissions. Argonne saves over 16,000 tons of SF6 from being emitted into the atmosphere each year, and by recycling the gas rather than purchasing it new, we save taxpayers over $208,000 each year.

Anderson, Diana

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

360

Greenhouse Gas Reductions: SF6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory is leading the way in greenhouse gas reductions, particularly with the recapture and recycling of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). SF6 is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas — one pound of SF6 is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide. While the U.S. does not currently regulate SF6 emissions, Argonne is proactively and voluntarily recovering and recycling to reduce SF6 emissions. Argonne saves over 16,000 tons of SF6 from being emitted into the atmosphere each year, and by recycling the gas rather than purchasing it new, we save taxpayers over $208,000 each year.

Anderson, Diana

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

National Idling Reduction Network News- Early Spring 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Newsletter with information on idling reduction regulations, idling reduction grants, idling reduction general news, summary of state ani-idling regulations, and upcoming meetings and events.

362

SCR Technologies for NOx Reduction | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies for NOx Reduction SCR Technologies for NOx Reduction 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerhesser.pdf More...

363

Water Use Reduction and Efficiency Case Studies | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program Areas Water Use Reduction Water Use Reduction and Efficiency Case Studies Water Use Reduction and Efficiency Case Studies These case studies feature examples of water...

364

Water Use Reduction and Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Water Use Reduction and Efficiency Water Use Reduction and Efficiency Water Use Reduction and Efficiency The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides agencies with...

365

Published in International Journal of Modern Physics A 11 3667 \\Gamma 3688 (1996) PAIRED ACCELERATED FRAMES y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED FRAMES y ULRICH H. GERLACH Department of Mathematics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 are based on pairs of causally disjoint accelerated frames. For bosons the expected spin vector in the presence of quadratic interactions. In addition, the Lorentz invariance of the acceleration temperature

Gerlach, Ulrich

366

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: CO2 Reduction Benefits Analysis for Fuel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CO2 Reduction Benefits Analysis for Fuel Cell Applications CO2 Reduction Benefits Analysis for Fuel Cell Applications Project Summary Full Title: CO2 Reduction Benefits Analysis for Fuel Cell Applications Project ID: 263 Principal Investigator: Chip Friley Brief Description: This analysis used the 10-region U.S. MARKAL model to quantify the impact of changes in production, distribution and vehicle costs and carbon prices on fuel cell vehicle penetration and overall carbon dioxide emissions. Keywords: Carbon dioxide (CO2); Hydrogen; Fuel cells Purpose Perform analysis of topics of interest to the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies program related to projected carbon dioxide reduction benefits of fuel cell applications. Performer Principal Investigator: Chip Friley Organization: Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Address: Mail Stop 475C

367

Preliminary Impact Evaluation BBNP  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Preliminary Impact Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, 2013.

368

Original Impact Calculations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Original Impact Calculations, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

369

EA-1472: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Finding of No Significant Impact Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1472: Finding of No Significant Impact Commercial Demonstration fo the Low Nox Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) Integration System Emission Reduction Technology, Holcolm Station, Sunflower Electric Power Corporation Finnety County, Kansas The DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), to analyze the potential impacts of the commercial application of the Low-NOx Burner/Separated Over-Fire Air (LNB/SOFA) integration system to achieve nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions reduction at Sunflower's Holcomb Unit No. 1 (Holcomb Station), located near Garden City, in Finney County, Kansas. The Holcomb Station would be modified in three distinct phases to demonstrate the synergistic effect of layering NOx control technologies.

370

Environmental Impacts of Repository  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

~~"'"""""""""'l.. _ _ 4 Environmental Impacts of Repository Construction, Operation and Monitoring, and Closure 4-iii Environmental Impacts of Repository Construction, Operations, Monitoring, and Closure TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page 4. Environmental Impacts of Repository Construction, Operations, Monitoring, and Closure ..............4-1 4.1 Preclosure Environmental Impacts of Construction, Operations, Monitoring, and Closure of a Repository ...............................................................................................................................4-3 4.1.1 Impacts to Land Use and Ownership .......................................................................................4-4

371

A one-story, slab-on-grad~ steel framed control building approxima  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

one-story, slab-on-grad~ steel framed control building approximately 50 by 120 feet one-story, slab-on-grad~ steel framed control building approximately 50 by 120 feet would be constructed along the eastern portion of the expansion site. The transformer, capacitor banks, and cooling equipment would be supported on about 200 individual concrete spread foundations. Construction of the substation expansion would require approximately six feet of fill over the entire area, or approximately 50-55 thousand cubic yards of fill. Construction of the access road would require approximately 20-25 thousand cubic yards of fill. Concrete footings and foundations would require approximately 1800-2000 cubic yards of concrete. Site grading and foundation work would begin in August, 1992, and continue over a six-month period. During that period, the average number of fill trucks per day would range

372

Making Molecular Movies: 10,000,000,000,000 Frames per Second  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Movies have transformed our perception of the world. With slow motion photography, we can see a hummingbird flap its wings, and a bullet pierce an apple. The remarkably small and extremely fast molecular world that determines how your body functions cannot be captured with even the most sophisticated movie camera today. To see chemistry in real time requires a camera capable of seeing molecules that are one ten billionth of a foot with a frame rate of 10 trillion frames per second! SLAC has embarked on the construction of just such a camera. Please join me as I discuss how this molecular movie camera will work and how it will change our perception of the molecular world.

Gaffney, Kelly

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

On relation between rest frame and light-front descriptions of quarkonium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the relation between the light-front (infinite momentum) and rest-frame descriptions of quarkonia. While the former is more convenient for high-energy production, the latter is usually used for the evaluation of charmonium properties. In particular, we discuss the dynamics of a relativistically moving system with nonrelativistic internal motion and give relations between rest frame and light-front potentials used for the description of quarkonium states. We consider two approximations, first the small coupling regime, and next the nonperturbative small binding energy approximation. In both cases we get consistent results. Our results could be relevant for the description of final state interactions in a wide class of processes, including quarkonium production on nuclei and plasma. Moreover, they can be extended to the description of final state interactions in the production of weakly bound systems, such as for example the deuteron.

Kopeliovich, B Z; Schmidt, Ivan; Siddikov, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

On relation between rest frame and light-front descriptions of quarkonium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the relation between the light-front (infinite momentum) and rest-frame descriptions of quarkonia. While the former is more convenient for high-energy production, the latter is usually used for the evaluation of charmonium properties. In particular, we discuss the dynamics of a relativistically moving system with nonrelativistic internal motion and give relations between rest frame and light-front potentials used for the description of quarkonium states. We consider two approximations, first the small coupling regime, and next the nonperturbative small binding energy approximation. In both cases we get consistent results. Our results could be relevant for the description of final state interactions in a wide class of processes, including quarkonium production on nuclei and plasma. Moreover, they can be extended to the description of final state interactions in the production of weakly bound systems, such as for example the deuteron.

B. Z. Kopeliovich; E. Levin; Ivan Schmidt; M. Siddikov

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

375

Geometric discord of quantum states of fermionic system in accelerated frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we investigate the geometric discord of quantum states of fermionic system in accelerated frame. It is shown by the method beyond the single-mode approximation, depending on the region considered, that the geometric discord for the entangled quantum states of fermionic system in accelerated frame can vanish or be retained at the infinite acceleration limit: it does not disappear when the quantum state of the particle(Alice)-particle(Bob in region I) case or the particle(Alice)-antiparticle(Bob in region II) is considered and it disappears when the particle(Alice)-antiparticle(Bob in region I) case or the particle(Alice)-particle(Bob in region II) one is considered.

Jinho Chang; L. C. Kwek; Younghun Kwon

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

376

Radar echo, Doppler Effect and Radar detection in the uniformly accelerated reference frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The uniformly accelerated reference frame described by Hamilton, Desloge and Philpott involves the observers who perform the hyperbolic motion with constant proper acceleration gi. They start to move from different distances measured from the origin O of the inertial reference frame K(XOY), along its OX axis with zero initial velocity. Equipped with clocks and light sources they are engaged with each other in Radar echo, Doppler Effect and Radar detection experiments. They are also engaged in the same experiments with an inertial observer at rest in K(XOY) and located at its origin O. We derive formulas that account for the experiments mentioned above. We study also the landing conditions of the accelerating observers on a uniformly moving platform.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

Development of U-Frame Bending System for Studying the Vibration Integrity of Spent Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bending fatigue system developed to evaluate the response of spent nuclear fuel rods to vibration loads is presented. Design and analysis, fabrication, modification, calibration, and instrumentation are described. The system is composed of a U-frame testing setup for imposing bending loads on the spent fuel rod test specimen and a method for measuring the curvature of the rod during bending. The U-frame setup consists of two rigid arms, linking members, and linkages to a universal testing machine. The test specimen s curvature of bending is obtained through a three-point deflection measurement method consisting of three LVDTs mounted to the side connecting plates of the U-frame to capture the deformation of the test specimen. The system has some unique features: 1) The test specimen is installed by simple insertion using linear bearings incorporated with rigid sleeves. 2) Reverse cyclic bending tests can be carried out effectively and efficiently by push and pull at the loading point of the setup. Any test machine with a linear motion function can be used to drive the setup. 3) The embedded and preloaded linear roller bearings eliminate the backlash that exists in the conventional reverse bend tests. 4) The number of linkages between the U-frame and the universal machine is minimized. Namely, there are only two linkages needed at the two loading points of a U-frame setup, whereas a conventional four/three-point bend test frame requires four linkages. 5) The curvature measurement is immune to the effects arising from compliant layers and the rigid body motion of the machine. The compliant layers are used at the holding areas of the specimen to prevent contact damage. The tests using surrogate specimens composed of SS cladding/tube revealed several important phenomena that may cast light on the expected response of a spent fuel rod: 1) Cyclic quasi-static load (10 N/s under force control) in compressive mode (with respect to that at the loading point of the U-frame) produced increased irreversible or plastic curvature and also increased flexural rigidity of the surrogate rod. 2) Dynamic cyclic load (at least 1 Hz) in compressive mode resulted in increased flexural rigidity of the surrogate rod prior to SS cladding fracture. 3) Pellets and epoxy bonding exhibited various effects on the response of surrogate rods during the loading process as validated from static tests. 4) Dynamic cyclic load (2 Hz) in reverse mode demonstrated a substantial cyclic softening before the fracture of the surrogate rod. The degree of decrease in flexural rigidity was consistent in both measurement and on-line monitoring. The developed U-frame system is thus verified and demonstrated to be ready for further pursuit in hot-cell tests.

Wang, Hong [ORNL; Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Tan, Ting [ORNL; Jiang, Hao [ORNL; Cox, Thomas S [ORNL; Howard, Rob L [ORNL; Bevard, Bruce Balkcom [ORNL; Flanagan, Michelle E [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Relativeness in Quantum Gravity: Limitations and Frame Dependence of Semiclassical Descriptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistency between quantum mechanical and general relativistic views of the world is a longstanding problem, which becomes particularly prominent in black hole physics. We develop a coherent picture addressing this issue by studying the quantum mechanics of an evolving black hole. After interpreting the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy as the entropy representing the degrees of freedom that are coarse-grained to obtain a semiclassical description from the microscopic theory of quantum gravity, we discuss the properties these degrees of freedom exhibit when viewed from the semiclassical standpoint. We are led to the conclusion that they show features which we call extreme relativeness and spacetime-matter duality---a nontrivial reference frame dependence of their spacetime distribution and the dual roles they play as the "constituents" of spacetime and as thermal radiation. We describe black hole formation and evaporation processes in distant and infalling reference frames, showing that these two properties allow u...

Nomura, Yasunori; Weinberg, Sean J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

December 2014 National Idling Reduction Network News  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Idling Reduction Network brings together trucking and transit companies; railroads; ports; equipment manufacturers; Federal, state, and local government agencies (including regulators)...

380

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 universities, 9 private businesses Overview Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition Petroleum Reduction Project - DE-EE0002020 Project Objectives: * Reduce petroleum use in the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Progress Update: Creating Mobile Emission Reduction Credits ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Creating Mobile Emission Reduction Credits ADEC II Universal SCR Retrofit System for On-road and Off-road Diesel Engines SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE...

382

Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

engineering controls Metal oxides in lean adsorption rich reduction cycles NO x Sorption (NO x Traps) Disadvantages Typical Usage Method Pioneering Science and Technology...

383

Enantioselective copper-catalysed reductive Michael cyclisations   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrometalation of ?,?-unsaturated carbonyl compounds provides access to reactive metal enolates, which can then be trapped by a suitable electrophile. The coppercatalysed reductive aldol reaction involves hydrometalation ...

Oswald, Claire Louise

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Vehicle Technologies Office: National Idling Reduction Network...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

idle reduction in the Denver Metro area and Colorado Front Range) - Colorado Regional Air Quality Council - 1 million. New York State Electric Vehicle Voucher Incentive Fund...

385

Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Fuels & Efficiency, Hydrogen, Transportation Phase: Prepare a Plan Topics: Analysis Tools, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/prep/index.php OpenEI Keyword(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/petroleum-reduction-planning-tool Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation

386

Massless fields of arbitrary spin, uniformly accelerated frames, and the zero-point energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The autocorrelation functions of fields of arbitrary spin are defined and the formal equivalence between quantized fields and random classical fields is shown explicitly. The thermal effects of acceleration through massless fields with spin are investigated; the spectra of the corresponding zero-point fields appear in a uniformly accelerated frame with extra terms which have the forms of (massless) Fermi-Dirac or Planck functions. Some peculiar features of fields of high spin are briefly discussed.

S. Hacyan

1985-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Gated x-ray framing camera image of a direct-drive cylindrical implosion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gated X-ray images of laser-driven implosions can provide movies of typically 16 frames with {approximately} 80 ps time resolution and 10 {micro}m spatial resolution. Cylindrical implosions allow study of convergent hydrodynamics but with excellent diagnostic access down the axis of the cylinder. This example from a recent cylindrical implosion campaign on the OMEGA laser provides quantitative data on the growth of ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in convergent geometry.

Voss, S.A.; Barnes, C.W.; Oertel, J.A.; Watt, R.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Boehly, T.R.; Bradley, D.K.; Knauer, J.P.; Pien, G. [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics] [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Ultra-high speed burst-mode imager for multi-frame radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 720 x 720 pixel hybrid-CMOS imager was fabricated by Rockwell Scientific (now Teledyne Imaging Sensors). Several cameras have been in operation for 5 years, in a variety of static and dynamic experiments, at the 800MeV proton radiography (pRAD) facility at the LANSCE accelerator. The cameras can operate with a per-pulse adjustable inter-frame time of 250ns to 2s, and with an exposure/integration-time as short as 150 ns. Given the 800 ms total readout time, the imager can be externally synchronized to 0.1-to-5Hz, 50-ns wide proton beam pulses, and record 1000-frame radiographic movies of 5-to-30 minute duration. The effectiveness and dependence of the global electronic shutter on the pixelated Si photo-sensor bias voltage is discussed. The spatial resolution dependence of the full imaging system on various monolithic and structured scintillators is presented. We also present features of a new-generation 10-frame, 1024 x 1024 pixel, 50-ns exposure, 12-bit dynamic range imager, which is now in the design phase.

Kwiatkowski, Kris [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nedrow, Paul [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mariam, Fesseha [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merrill, Frank E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, Chris L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saunders, Abdy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hogan, Gary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Douance, Vincent [TELEDYNE IMAGING SENSORS; Bal, Yibin [TELEDYNE IMAGING SENSORS; Joshi, Atul [TELEDYNE IMAGING SENSORS; Auyeung, John [TELEDYNE IMAGING SENSORS

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Steady-State Thermal Performance Evaluation of Steel-Framed Wall Assembly with Local Foam Insulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During January and May, 2009, two configurations of steel-framed walls constructed with conventional 2 4 steel studs insulated with R-19 ~14cm. (5.5-in. thick) and R-13 ~9cm. (3.5-in. thick) fiberglass insulation batts were tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) guarded hot-box using ASTM C1363 test procedure. The first test wall used conventional 2 4 steel studs insulated with 2.5-cm. (1-in.) thick foam profiles, called stud snugglers. These stud snugglers converted the 2 4 wall assembly into a 2 6 assembly allowing application of R-19 fiberglass insulation. The second wall tested for comparison was a conventional 2 4 steel stud wall using R-13 insulation batts. Further, numerical simulations were performed in order to evaluate the steady-state thermal performance of various wood- and steel-framed wall assemblies. The effects of adding the stud-snugglers to the wood and steel studs were also investigated numerically. Different combinations of insulation and framing factor were used in the simulations.

Kosny, Jan [ORNL] [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL] [ORNL; Childs, Phillip W [ORNL] [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Entanglement behavior of quantum states of fermionic system in accelerated frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we investigate the entanglement behavior of quantum states of fermionic system in accelerated frame. It was known that unlike scalar case the entanglement of fermionic maximally entangled states survives even in the infinite acceleration limit. Also for the fermionic system it was discussed that one may consider the approach beyond single mode approximation. However due to the peculiar property of fermionic system there has been different opinions about correct physical structure of fermionic system. Recently Montero and Mart\\'{i}n-Mart\\'{i}nez suggested an approach beyond single mode approximation. Using the structure proposed by Montero and Mart\\'{i}n-Mart\\'{i}nez we investigate the entanglement behavior of quantum states of fermionic system in accelerated frame. We find that the approach by Montero and Mart\\'{i}n-Mart\\'{i}nez seems to work appropriately. Also we may obtain the proper entanglement behavior of quantum states in fermionic system in accelerated frame(our result may correct the previous results published in Phys.Rev.A 83 052306).

Jinho Chang; Younghun Kwon

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Cost and schedule reduction for next-generation Candu  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AECL has developed a suite of technologies for Candu{sup R} reactors that enable the next step in the evolution of the Candu family of heavy-water-moderated fuel-channel reactors. These technologies have been combined in the design for the Advanced Candu Reactor TM1 (ACRTM), AECL's next generation Candu power plant. The ACR design builds extensively on the existing Candu experience base, but includes innovations, in design and in delivery technology, that provide very substantial reductions in capital cost and in project schedules. In this paper, main features of next generation design and delivery are summarized, to provide the background basis for the cost and schedule reductions that have been achieved. In particular the paper outlines the impact of the innovative design steps for ACR: - Selection of slightly enriched fuel bundle design; - Use of light water coolant in place of traditional Candu heavy water coolant; - Compact core design with unique reactor physics benefits; - Optimized coolant and turbine system conditions. In addition to the direct cost benefits arising from efficiency improvement, and from the reduction in heavy water, the next generation Candu configuration results in numerous additional indirect cost benefits, including: - Reduction in number and complexity of reactivity mechanisms; - Reduction in number of heavy water auxiliary systems; - Simplification in heat transport and its support systems; - Simplified human-machine interface. The paper also describes the ACR approach to design for constructability. The application of module assembly and open-top construction techniques, based on Candu and other worldwide experience, has been proven to generate savings in both schedule durations and overall project cost, by reducing premium on-site activities, and by improving efficiency of system and subsystem assembly. AECL's up-to-date experience in the use of 3-D CADDS and related engineering tools has also been proven to reduce both engineering and construction costs through more efficient work planning and use of materials, through reduced re-work and through more precise configuration management. Full-scale exploitation of AECL's electronic engineering and project management tools enables further reductions in cost. The Candu fuel-channel reactor type offers inherent manufacturing and construction advantages through the application of a simple, low-pressure low-temperature reactor vessel along with modular fuel channel technology. This leads to cost benefits and total project schedule benefits. As a result, the targets which AECL has set for replication units - overnight capital cost of $1000 US/kW and total project schedule (engineering/manufacturing/construction/commissioning) of 48 months, have been shown to be achievable for the reference NG Candu design. (authors)

Hopwood, J.M.; Yu, S.; Pakan, M.; Soulard, M. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, 2251 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, Ontario, L5K 1B2 (Canada)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Vehicle Technologies Office: Idle Reduction | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Emissions Combustion Engines Fuel Effects on Combustion Idle Reduction Emissions Waste Heat Recovery Lightweighting Parasitic Loss Reduction Lubricants Alternative Fuels...

393

Long-term, low-level radwaste volume-reduction strategies. Volume 4. Waste disposal costs. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume 4 establishes pricing levels at new shallow land burial grounds. The following conclusions can be drawn from the analyses described in the preceding chapters: Application of volume reduction techniques by utilities can have a significant impact on the volumes of wastes going to low-level radioactive waste disposal sites. Using the relative waste stream volumes in NRC81 and the maximum volume reduction ratios provided by Burns and Roe, Inc., it was calculated that if all utilities use maximum volum

Sutherland, A.A.; Adam, J.A.; Rogers, V.C.; Merrell, G.B.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Reformulated gasoline: Costs and refinery impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of reformulated gasoline (RFG) costs and refinery impacts have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model (ORNL-RYM), a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy emissions constraints defined by preliminary complex emissions models. Policy makers may use the reformulation cost knee (the point at which costs start to rise sharply for incremental emissions control) to set emissions reduction targets, giving due consideration to the differences between model representations and actual refining operations. ORNL-RYM estimates that the reformulation cost knee for the US East Coast (PADD I) is about 15.2 cents per gallon with a 30 percent reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The estimated cost knee for the US Gulf Coast (PADD III) is about 5.5 cents per gallon with a VOC reduction of 35 percent. Reid vapor pressure (RVP) reduction is the dominant VOC reduction mechanism. Even with anti-dumping constraints, conventional gasoline appears to be an important sink which permits RFG to be blended with lower aromatics and sulfur contents in PADD III. In addition to the potentially large sensitivity of RFG production to different emissions models, RFG production is sensitive to the non-exhaust VOC share assumption for a particular VOC model. ORNL-RYM has also been used to estimate the sensitivity of RFG production to the cost of capital; to the RVP requirements for conventional gasoline; and to the percentage of RFG produced in a refining region.

Hadder, G.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Software Cost Reduction Constance L. Heitmeyer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Cost Reduction Constance L. Heitmeyer Introduction Software Cost Reduction SCR is a set Research Laboratory NRL beginning in the late 1970s. A major goal of the original SCR research team Variable Model 37 and the SCR requirements model 15 , and a set of software tools for analyzing SCR

396

Estimate Impact of Strategies on Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To estimate the GHG impact of a business travel reduction program, a Federal agency or program should quantify the number of trips that could be avoided each year. If an agency has a large proportion of international travel, the agency may estimate changes in domestic and international trips separately because the associated savings in miles can be very different.

397

Energy Impact Illinois  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents how Energy Impact Illinois overcame barriers in the multifamily sector through financing partnerships and expert advice.

398

USET Impact Week Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The United South and Eastern Tribes (USET) is hosting impact week in Arlington, Virginia, Feb. 9-11, 2015.

399

Knowledge reduction in formal fuzzy contexts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Knowledge reduction is a basic issue in knowledge representation and data mining. Although various methods have been developed to reduce the size of classical formal contexts, the reduction of formal fuzzy contexts based on fuzzy lattices remains a difficult problem owing to its complicated derivation operators. To address this problem, we propose a general method of knowledge reduction by reducing attributes and objects in formal fuzzy contexts based on the variable threshold concept lattices. Employing the proposed approaches, we remove attributes and objects which are non-essential to the structure of a variable threshold concept lattice, i.e., with a given threshold level, the concept lattice constructed from a reduced formal context is made identical to that constructed from the original formal context. Discernibility matrices and Boolean functions are, respectively, employed to compute the attribute reducts and object reducts of the formal fuzzy contexts, by which all the attribute reducts and object reducts of the formal fuzzy contexts are determined without changing the structure of the lattice.

Ming-Wen Shao; Hong-Zhi Yang; Wei-Zhi Wu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies for Buildings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Buildings Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategies for Buildings October 7, 2013 - 11:00am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 3 Once key building types and priority sites have been identified, a Federal agency can identify appropriate energy management measures and estimate their impact on each program's building greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To support this evaluation, energy managers can use the Buildings GHG Mitigation Worksheet Estimator in tandem with this guidance to estimate of GHG savings and cost. Figure 1 - An image of an organizational-type flowchart. A rectangle labeled 'Program' has a line pointing to a rectangle labeled 'Building Type.' 'Building Type' has a lines pointing to rectangles labeled 'Site Ranked Overall #1,' 'Site Ranked Overall #2,' and 'Site Ranked Overall #3.'

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Effective usage of a clearance check to avoid a collision in Gamma Knife Perfexion radiosurgery with the Leksell skull frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Effective usage of a clearance check to avoid a collision in Gamma Knife Perfexion radiosurgery with the Leksell skull frame Hisato Nakazawa......

Hisato Nakazawa; Takahiko Tsugawa; Yoshimasa Mori; Masahiro Hagiwara; Masataka Komori; Chisa Hashizume; Yuta Shibamoto; Tatsuya Kobayashi

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Energy budgets and masonry houses: a preliminary analysis of the comparative energy performance of masonry and wood-frame houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy Performance Standards require the establishment of energy budgets - maximum values of predicted building energy consumption assuming standard building operating conditions. Energy budgets based on minimizing life-cycle-costs to consumers have been computed in earlier reports. The prototype buildings for those studies used wood-frame construction. The energy performance of masonry houses is explored. Theoretical aspects of the modelling of masonry buildings on the DOE-2 program are discussed. Results of DOE-2 simulations are presented. Energy budgets which correspond to cost-minimizing masonry houses are found to be approximately equal to those for frame houses. The same energy performance requires only slightly less insulation in masonry walls than in frame walls for the climates studied. It is concluded that separate energy budgets for frame and masonry houses do not appear to be warranted.

Goldstein, D.B.; Levine, M.D.; Mass, J.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A novel ‘FlocDrifter’ platform for observing flocculation and turbulence processes in a Lagrangian frame of reference.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel drifter platform was used to measure floc properties, turbulence, suspended sediment concentration (SSC), velocity and salinity in both Lagrangian and Eulerian frames of reference. In Lagrangian mode the system performed well in a heavily ...

Iain T. MacDonald; Julia C. Mullarney

404

Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emissions Emissions Assess Potential Agency Size Changes that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis Federal agencies should establish planned changes in operations that could have a substantial impact on emissions for each greenhouse gas (GHG) emission source: Buildings Vehicles and mobile equipment Business travel Employee commuting. Such changes could represent either an additional significant hurdle to overcome or a significant reduction in the effort required to drive emissions down-in the absence of any direct GHG mitigation reduction strategies. This will help each organization establish its "business as usual" emission profile in 2020, the year agencies are expected to meet their Scope 1 and 2 and Scope 3 GHG emission-reduction goals.

405

Black Carbon Soot Impact on Snow Albedo: A Laboratory Investigation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Black Carbon Soot Impact on Snow Albedo: A Laboratory Investigation Black Carbon Soot Impact on Snow Albedo: A Laboratory Investigation Speaker(s): Odelle Hadley Date: August 13, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 This presentation examines the changing cryosphere and specifically the role of black carbon on the reflectivity of snow. Small amounts of black carbon in snow purportedly contribute to a reduction in snow albedo, contributing to regional climate change and early onset of melting. Our current research focuses on the connection between black carbon and albedo reduction. This presentation will describe our laboratory experiments wherein we make and characterize pure and contaminated snow and assess the black carbon snow albedo reduction as a function of black carbon mixing ratio and snow grain size. Experimental results are compared to verify or

406

Municipal Energy Reduction Fund | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Municipal Energy Reduction Fund Municipal Energy Reduction Fund Municipal Energy Reduction Fund < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Maximum Rebate $400,000 Program Info Start Date 3/17/2010 State New Hampshire Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount $5,000 to $400,000 Provider New Hampshire Community Development Finance Authority In March 2010, the New Hampshire Community Development Finance Authority (CDFA) launched a revolving loan program to encourage the state's

407

Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Nancy Jackson Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories

408

Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Nancy Jackson Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia National Laboratories

409

Energy Reduction Goals | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduction Goals Reduction Goals Energy Reduction Goals < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Other Program Info State Vermont Program Type Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Provider Vermont Energy Investment Corporation In June 1999, Vermont enacted legislation authorizing the Vermont Public Service Board (PSB) to establish a volumetric charge on all electric customers' bills to support energy efficiency programs and goals.* The subsequent year the PSB established Efficiency Vermont, a statewide "energy efficiency utility," and a funding mechanism to support it. Efficiency Vermont is currently administered by Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC), an independent, non-profit corporation. Efficiency Vermont periodically establishes certain goals that constitute

410

Nox reduction system utilizing pulsed hydrocarbon injection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hydrocarbon co-reductants, such as diesel fuel, are added by pulsed injection to internal combustion engine exhaust to reduce exhaust NO.sub.x to N.sub.2 in the presence of a catalyst. Exhaust NO.sub.x reduction of at least 50% in the emissions is achieved with the addition of less than 5% fuel as a source of the hydrocarbon co-reductants. By means of pulsing the hydrocarbon flow, the amount of pulsed hydrocarbon vapor (itself a pollutant) can be minimized relative to the amount of NO.sub.x species removed.

Brusasco, Raymond M. (Livermore, CA); Penetrante, Bernardino M. (San Ramon, CA); Vogtlin, George E. (Fremont, CA); Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Residual sweeping effects in the swept frame of reference in Kinematic Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been suggested that sweeping effects make Lagrangian properties in Kinematic Simulations (KS) unreliable. Here we show through a novel analysis based upon analysing neighbouring particle trajectories in a frame of reference moving with the large energy contining scales that the residual sweeping error in the turbulent pair diffusivity ($K$) in KS is $e_K\\sim dt/\\tau_s$, where $dt$ is the numerical timestep and $\\tau_s$ is the time scale of the sweeping through local eddies. Thus, provided that $dt\\ll \\tau_s$, then $e_K\\ll 1$ and the Lagrangian properties in KS are reliable.

Malik, Nadeem A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Static and dynamic analysis of articulated and continuous framed structures by the matrix displacement method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" indicate that statl cai'y, a planar frame &nay be , n yr d as a !3lnnar trus. a" i&at ns the nodal displacements are c&, ?. reed; horn ver, this may not be adequate for the evaluation of ei&. ?!& xt stressea. 'i'he DLF m n different for dif parent types... accurate solutions. 10 Paul Tustg~rti n (14) formulated, in matrix form, the . ystem of slope deflection equations, established for a linear fraaie vrithout considering joint displacements, mhlch is;idopted and solved by iterative techniques...

Baskurt, Fahri Yuce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

413

EA-1719: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

19: Finding of No Significant Impact 19: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1719: Finding of No Significant Impact Novolyte Technologies, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Zachary, Louisiana DOE determined that there would be no significant adverse impacts from DOE's proposed action of awarding a grant to Novolyte Technologies, Inc. to partially fund its expansion of a plant in Zachary, Louisiana, thereby increasing the plant's capacity to manufacture lithium electrolytes. This expansion would support the anticipated growth in the lithium-ion battery industry and, more specifically, the electric drive vehicle industry and hybrid-electric vehicle industry. DOe further determined that there could be beneficial impacts to the local economy and reduction in greenhouse gas

414

EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1771: Finding of No Significant Impact U.S. Receipt and Storage of Gap Material - Plutonium, Delaware, Georgia, South Carolina, and Tennessee The Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration has completed the Environmental Assessment for the Receipt and Storage of Gap Material - Plutonium in support of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The environmental assessment evaluates the potential environmental impacts of transporting up to 100 kilograms of plutonium from foreign countries to the Savannah River Site for storage pending final disposition. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for the U.S. Receipt and Storage of Gap Material - Plutonium More Documents & Publications

415

DOEIEA-1061 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE OFF-SITE VOLUME REDUCTION OF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

61 61 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE OFF-SITE VOLUME REDUCTION OF LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE FROM THE SAVANNAH IUVER SITE JULY 1995 U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAVANNAH RIVER OPERATIONS OFFICE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE A . RECEIVED Finding of No Significant Impact for the JAN 3 1 19% Off-Site Volume Reduction of Low-Level Radioactive Waste - from the Savannah River Site O S T I Agency: Action: U . S. Department of Energy Finding of No Significant Impact Summary: The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOEM-1061) for the proposed off-site volume duction of low-bel radioactive wastes (LLW) generated at the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken,South Carolina. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed

416

Radar-cross-section reduction of wind turbines. part 1.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, increasing deployment of large wind-turbine farms has become an issue of growing concern for the radar community. The large radar cross section (RCS) presented by wind turbines interferes with radar operation, and the Doppler shift caused by blade rotation causes problems identifying and tracking moving targets. Each new wind-turbine farm installation must be carefully evaluated for potential disruption of radar operation for air defense, air traffic control, weather sensing, and other applications. Several approaches currently exist to minimize conflict between wind-turbine farms and radar installations, including procedural adjustments, radar upgrades, and proper choice of low-impact wind-farm sites, but each has problems with limited effectiveness or prohibitive cost. An alternative approach, heretofore not technically feasible, is to reduce the RCS of wind turbines to the extent that they can be installed near existing radar installations. This report summarizes efforts to reduce wind-turbine RCS, with a particular emphasis on the blades. The report begins with a survey of the wind-turbine RCS-reduction literature to establish a baseline for comparison. The following topics are then addressed: electromagnetic model development and validation, novel material development, integration into wind-turbine fabrication processes, integrated-absorber design, and wind-turbine RCS modeling. Related topics of interest, including alternative mitigation techniques (procedural, at-the-radar, etc.), an introduction to RCS and electromagnetic scattering, and RCS-reduction modeling techniques, can be found in a previous report.

Brock, Billy C.; Loui, Hung; McDonald, Jacob J.; Paquette, Joshua A.; Calkins, David A.; Miller, William K.; Allen, Steven E.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Patitz, Ward E.

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

417

Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emission Regulations Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Study shows clean diesel programs slashed black carbon, a powerful short-term contributor to global warming June 13, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Jon Weiner 510-486-4014 jrweiner@lbl.gov CA-BC-graphic.jpg Sacramento - Reductions in emissions of black carbon since the late 1980s, mostly from diesel engines as a result of air quality programs, have resulted in a measurable reduction of concentrations of global warming pollutants in the atmosphere, according to a first-of-its-kind study examining the impact of black carbon on California's climate. The study, funded by the California Air Resources Board and led by Dr. Veerabhadran Ramanathan of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the

418

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Transportation, Industry Topics: GHG inventory, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/chp/basic/calculator.html Country: United States UN Region: Northern America CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Screenshot References: http://www.epa.gov/chp/basic/calculator.html "This Emissions Estimator provides the amount of reduced emissions in terms of pounds of CO2, SO2, and NOX based on input from the User regarding the CHP technology being used. In turn the User will be provided with

419

Marathon selects Shaw for benzene reduction work  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Shaw Group Inc's Energy & Chemicals Group is to provide project management, engineering and procurement services for the feasibility and definition phases of benzene reduction projects at Marathon Oil Corp's refineries in Robinson, Illinois; Garyville, Louisiana; and Catlettsburg, Kentucky.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD CARBON FOOTPRINT REDUCTION POTENTIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency Potential Study.  Technical Report Energy Efficiency  Potential Study.  Technical Report Energy Efficiency   Renewable Energy Technologies   Transportation   Assessment of Household Carbon Footprint Reduction Potentials is the final report 

Masanet, Eric

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Alaska Housing Finance Corporation (AHFC) offers interest rate reductions to home buyers purchasing new and existing homes with 5 Star and 5 Star Plus energy ratings. All homes constructed on...

422

Active skin for turbulent drag reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evidence that spanwise traveling waves of the right amplitude, wavelength and frequency can result in significant turbulent drag reduction. Such traveling waves can be induced in the smart skin via active-material actuation. The flow control technique...

Mani, Raghavendran

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Timelike reduction and T-duality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the light of recent developments in Superstring Theory, it has become of interest to study Kaluza-Klein dimensional reduction of supergravities not only on spatial manifolds, but also on the time direction. We study a particularly relevant class...

Scuro, Sante Rodolfo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Oxygen reduction on platinum : an EIS study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on platinum over yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is examined via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) for oxygen partial pressures between 10-4 and 1 atm and at temperatures ...

Golfinopoulos, Theodore

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Benefits and Considerations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Benefits & Considerations Heavy-Duty Vehicles Medium-Duty Vehicles Light-Duty Vehicles

426

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Technology Weight Exemption

427

Higgs Gravitational Interaction, Weak Boson Scattering, and Higgs Inflation in Jordan and Einstein Frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study gravitational interaction of Higgs boson through the unique dimension-4 operator $\\xi H^\\dag H R$, with $H$ the Higgs doublet and $R$ the Ricci scalar curvature. We analyze the effect of this dimensionless nonminimal coupling $\\xi$ on weak gauge boson scattering in both Jordan and Einstein frames. We explicitly establish the longitudinal-Goldstone boson equivalence theorem with nonzero $\\xi$ coupling in both frames, and analyze the unitarity constraints. We study the $\\xi$-induced weak boson scattering cross sections at O(1-30)TeV scales, and propose to probe the Higgs-gravity coupling via weak boson scattering experiments at the LHC(14TeV) and the next generation pp colliders (50-100TeV). We further extend our study to Higgs inflation, and quantitatively derive the perturbative unitarity bounds via coupled channel analysis, under large field background at the inflation scale. We analyze the unitarity constraints on the parameter space in both the conventional Higgs inflation and the improved models in light of the recent BICEP2 data.

Jing Ren; Zhong-Zhi Xianyu; Hong-Jian He

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

Lab-frame observables for probing the top-Higgs interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate methods to explore the CP nature of the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling at the LHC, focusing on associated production of the Higgs with a $t \\bar{t}$ pair. We first discuss the constraints implied by low-energy observables and by the Higgs-rate information from available LHC data, emphasizing that they cannot provide conclusive evidence on the nature of this coupling. We then investigate kinematic observables that could probe the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling directly, in particular quantities that can be constructed out of just lab-frame kinematics. We define one such observable by exploiting the fact that $t \\bar{t}$ spin correlations do also carry information about the CP-nature of the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling. Finally, we introduce a CP-odd quantity and a related asymmetry, able to probe CP violation in the $ t\\bar{t}h $ coupling and likewise constructed out of lab-frame momenta only.

Boudjema, Fawzi; Guadagnoli, Diego; Mohan, Kirtimaan A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Identification and characterization of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus open reading frame 11 promotor activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Open reading frame 11 (ORF11) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus belongs to a herpesviral homologous protein family shared by some members of the gamma- herpesvirus subfamily. Little is known about this ORF11 homologous protein family. We have characterized an unknown open reading frame, ORF11, located adjacent and in the opposite orientation to a well-characterized viral IL-6 gene. Northern blot analysis reveals that ORF11 is expressed during the KSHV lytic cycle with delayed-early transcription kinetics. We have determined the 5{prime} and 3{prime} untranslated region of the unspliced ORF11 transcript and identified both the transcription start site and the transcription termination site. Core promoter region, representing ORF11 promoter activity, was mapped to a 159nt fragment 5{prime} most proximal to the transcription start site. A functional TATA box was identified in the core promoter region. Interestingly, we found that ORF11 transcriptional activation is not responsive to Rta, the KSHV lytic switch protein. We also discovered that part of the ORF11 promoter region, the 209nt fragment upstream of the transcription start site, was repressed by phorbol esters. Our data help to understand transcription regulation of ORF11 and to elucidate roles of ORF11 in KSHV pathogenesis and life cycle.

Chen, Lei [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Physical chemistry of carbothermic reduction of alumina  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of aluminium, by means of carbothermic reduction of alumina, is discussed. By employing a solvent metal bath to absorb the alumina metal, carbothermic reduction of alumina was accomplished at temperatures 300/degree/C lower than the temperatures reported in the literature. Reduction occurred without the formation of intermediate compounds and without the high volatilization of aluminum bearing species. Reduction of alumina immersed in a solvent bath appeared to be rate limited by chemical reaction control. The rates seemed to be a function of the activity of aluminum in the solvent metal bath. Reduction of alumina particles, above the surface of the bath, seemed to occur via vapor transport with carbon in the particles or in the crucible walls. Mass transport in the gas phase appeared to be rate limiting. The rates seemed to be a function of the distance separating the alumina and carbon sources. With both submerged alumina and alumina particles, increasing the surface area of the alumina increased the rate of reduction. 58 refs., 65 figs., 9 tabs.

Frank, Robert A.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Commute trip reduction in Washington: Base year worksite characteristics and programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Employers in Washington`s eight most populous counties are engaged in an effort to reduce their employees` use of single occupant automobiles for commuting. This report documents the status of those employers at the beginning of the Commute Trip Reduction (CTR) program as a basis for evaluating the impacts of the program. The first section provides a brief exploration of the Washington CTR Law and a history of the first steps in its implementation. The second section presents a summary of the characteristics of the worksites affected by the law. The CTR Law calls for reductions in single occupant vehicle (SOV) commuting and in vehicle miles traveled (VMT). The third section of this report presents baseline measurements of SOV and VMT and goals for reducing them. The fourth section provides summary information on the first year of programs employers planned to implement. The final section very briefly outlines actions the Commute Trip Reduction law calls for between 1995 and 1999.

Dodds, D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

EFFECT OF PRETREATMENT ON PT-CO/C CATHODE CATALYSTS FOR THE OXYGEN-REDUCTION REACTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon supported Pt and Pt-Co electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in low temperature fuel cells were prepared by the reduction of the metal salts with sodium borohydride and sodium formate. The effect of surface treatment with nitric acid on the carbon surface and Co on the surface of carbon prior to the deposition of Pt was studied. The catalysts where Pt was deposited on treated carbon the ORR reaction preceded more through the two electron pathway and favored peroxide production, while the fresh carbon catalysts proceeded more through the four electron pathway to complete the oxygen reduction reaction. NaCOOH reduced Pt/C catalysts showed higher activity that NaBH{sub 4} reduced Pt/C catalysts. It was determined that the Co addition has a higher impact on catalyst activity and active surface area when used with NaBH{sub 4} as reducing agent as compared to NaCOOH.

Fox, E.; Colon-Mercado, H.

2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

Technological cost-reduction pathways for attenuator wave energy converters in the marine hydrokinetic environment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report considers and prioritizes the primary potential technical costreduction pathways for offshore wave activated body attenuators designed for ocean resources. This report focuses on technical research and development costreduction pathways related to the device technology rather than environmental monitoring or permitting opportunities. Three sources of information were used to understand current cost drivers and develop a prioritized list of potential costreduction pathways: a literature review of technical work related to attenuators, a reference device compiled from literature sources, and a webinar with each of three industry device developers. Data from these information sources were aggregated and prioritized with respect to the potential impact on the lifetime levelized cost of energy, the potential for progress, the potential for success, and the confidence in success. Results indicate the five most promising costreduction pathways include advanced controls, an optimized structural design, improved power conversion, planned maintenance scheduling, and an optimized device profile.

Bull, Diana L; Ochs, Margaret Ellen

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Two-Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics and Conduction Simulations of Heat Transfer in Horizontal Window Frames with Internal Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper assesses the accuracy of the simplified frame cavity conduction/convection and radiation models presented in ISO 15099 and used in software for rating and labeling window products. Temperatures and U-factors for typical horizontal window frames with internal cavities are compared; results from Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations with detailed radiation modeling are used as a reference. Four different frames were studied. Two were made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and two of aluminum. For each frame, six different simulations were performed, two with a CFD code and four with a building-component thermal-simulation tool using the Finite Element Method (FEM). This FEM tool addresses convection using correlations from ISO 15099; it addressed radiation with either correlations from ISO 15099 or with a detailed, view-factor-based radiation model. Calculations were performed using the CFD code with and without fluid flow in the window frame cavities; the calculations without fluid flow were performed to verify that the CFD code and the building-component thermal-simulation tool produced consistent results. With the FEM-code, the practice of subdividing small frame cavities was examined, in some cases not subdividing, in some cases subdividing cavities with interconnections smaller than five millimeters (mm) (ISO 15099) and in some cases subdividing cavities with interconnections smaller than seven mm (a breakpoint that has been suggested in other studies). For the various frames, the calculated U-factors were found to be quite comparable (the maximum difference between the reference CFD simulation and the other simulations was found to be 13.2 percent). A maximum difference of 8.5 percent was found between the CFD simulation and the FEM simulation using ISO 15099 procedures. The ISO 15099 correlation works best for frames with high U-factors. For more efficient frames, the relative differences among various simulations are larger. Temperature was also compared, at selected locations on the frames. Small differences was found in the results from model to model. Finally, the effectiveness of the ISO cavity radiation algorithms was examined by comparing results from these algorithms to detailed radiation calculations (from both programs). Our results suggest that improvements in cavity heat transfer calculations can be obtained by using detailed radiation modeling (i.e. view-factor or ray-tracing models), and that incorporation of these strategies may be more important for improving the accuracy of results than the use of CFD modeling for horizontal cavities.

Gustavsen, Arlid; Kohler, Christian; Dalehaug, Arvid; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement Title Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5330E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Bode, Josh, Michael J. Sullivan, and Joseph H. Eto Pagination 120 Date Published 01/2012 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Several recent demonstrations and pilots have shown that air conditioner (AC) electric loads can be controlled during the summer cooling season to provide ancillary services and improve the stability and reliability of the electricity grid. A key issue for integration of air conditioner load control into grid operations is how to accurately measure shorter-term (e.g., ten's of minutes to a couple of hours) demand reductions from AC load curtailments for operations and settlement. This report presents a framework for assessing the accuracy of shorter-term AC load control demand reduction measurements. It also compares the accuracy of various alternatives for measuring AC reductions - including methods that rely on regression analysis, load matching and control groups - using feeder data, household data and AC end-use data. A practical approach is recommended for settlement that relies on set of tables, updated annually, with pre-calculated load reduction estimates. The tables allow users to look up the demand reduction per device based on the daily maximum temperature, geographic region and hour of day and simplify the settlement process.

436

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Study of the Carbothermal Reduction of SnO2 for Solar Thermochemical Fuel Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Study of the Carbothermal Reduction of SnO2 for Solar Thermochemical Fuel Generation ... Fossil fuel depletion and the environmental impact of their generalized use on the climate stability are major issues for the upcoming century. ... The carboredn. in SnO2 to produce Sn and its hydrolysis with steam to generate hydrogen were studied. ...

Gaël Levêque; Stéphane Abanades

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

437

Impacts of Climate Change and the End of Deforestation on Land Use in the Brazilian Legal Amazon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change scenarios vary considerably over the Amazon region, with an extreme scenario projecting a dangerous (from the human perspective) increase of 3.8°C in temperature and 30% reduction in precipitation by 2050. The impacts of such ...

David Montenegro Lapola; Ruediger Schaldach; Joseph Alcamo; Alberte Bondeau; Siwa Msangi; Joerg A. Priess; Rafaella Silvestrini; Britaldo Silveira Soares-Filho

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

New Asphaltene Nanoscience and Its Impact on Reservoir Characterization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asphaltene Nanoscience and Its Impact on Asphaltene Nanoscience and Its Impact on Reservoir Characterization Oliver C. Mullins Schlumberger-Doll Research, 1 Hampshire St., Cambridge, MA 02139, USA Crude oils consist of gases, liquids and solids, the asphaltenes. The gas and liquid constituents of crude oil are chemically well understood and their theoretical frame work can be satisfactorily treated by cubic equations of state. In contrast, the asphaltene have been grossly misunderstood precluding any theoretical treatment of asphaltene gradients in reservoirs. In recent years, asphaltene science has undergone a renaissance with many of the advances being subsumed in the "Yen-Mullins model" (named by Professor Zare at Stanford U.) which consists of asphaltene molecules, nanoaggregates and clusters of

439

Bacterial chromate reduction and product characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bacillus subtilis reduced hexavalent chromate to trivalent chromium under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions. Reduction of CR(VI) and appearance of extracellular Cr(III) were demonstrated by electron spin resonance and spectrophotometry. Chromate reduction was stimulated more than five-fold by freeze-thawing, indicating that intracellular reductases or chemical reductants reduce chromate more rapidly than do intact cells. Moderately concentrated cells (10% pellet volume after centrifugation) reduced approximately 40 {mu}M chromate/min (2 mg Cr/1-min) when exposed to 100 {mu}M chromate (5 mg Cr/1). Highly concentrated cells (70% pellet volume) reduced more than 99.8% of 2 mM chromate (100 mg Cr/1) within 15 min. This rate of chromate reduction was of the same order of magnitude as the rate of respiration in aerobic cells. A substantial fraction of the reduction product (ca. 75%) was extracellular Cr(M), which could readily be separated from the cells by centrifugation. At high chromate concentrations, some fraction of reduced CR(VI) appeared to be taken up by cells, consistent with a detection of intracellular paramagnetic products. At low chromate concentrations, undefined growth medium alone reduced Cr(VI), but at a slow rate, relative to cells. Under appropriate conditions, B. subtilis appears to be an organism of choice for detoxifying chromate-contaminated soil and water.

Mehlhorn, R.J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Buchanan, B.B.; Leighton, T. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Metal melting for volume reduction and recycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the experiences with melting contaminated steel materials for volume reduction and melting uranium-contaminated copper and aluminum for possible recycle. In the past there has not been an economic incentive to reduce the volume of low-level beta-gamma contaminated metallic scrap materials in the United States. With the rising cost of transportation and burial facility fees new interest in volume reduction is being generated. This new interest has been primarily focused at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) where the Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF) was established to demonstrate both metal melting and incineration of combustible material for volume reduction. Other demonstration programs involving melting for volume reduction and recycle of aluminum and copper, as well as ferrous scrap, were related to the Cascade Improvement and Cascade Upgrade Programs (CIP/CUP) at the Paducah, Kentucky facility. While the melting demonstrations for the CIP/CUP material were not primarily based on economic incentives, several observations recorded during the programs are of interest with regard to melting of copper and aluminum. (4 refs., 8 tabs.)

Miller, R.L.

1987-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologi...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

442

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

tiarravt042meyn2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project North Central...

443

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

444

DOE Program Resources and Tools for Petroleum Reduction in the...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Petroleum Reduction in the Transportation Sector Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: DOE Program Resources and Tools for Petroleum Reduction in the...

445

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program...

446

An Improvement of Diesel PM and NOx Reduction System | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Development on simultaneous reduction system of NOx and PM from a diesel engine An Improvement of Diesel PM and NOx Reduction System New Diesel Emissions...

447

The Mechanisms of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mechanisms of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions in Nonaqueous Lithium-Oxygen Batteries. The Mechanisms of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions in Nonaqueous...

448

Water World: Success Stories and Tools for Water Use Reduction...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Water World: Success Stories and Tools for Water Use Reduction in Your Building Portfolio Water World: Success Stories and Tools for Water Use Reduction in Your Building Portfolio...

449

Development on simultaneous reduction system of NOx and PM from...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications An Improvement of Diesel PM and NOx Reduction System An Improvement of Diesel PM and NOx Reduction System EPA Mobile Source Rule Update...

450

DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report and Burden Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE EO 13563 January 2014 Update Report and Burden Reduction Efforts DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report January 2014 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and...

451

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report - December...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

- December 18, 2012 DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report - December 18, 2012 DOE EO 13563 December 2012 Update Report and Burden Reduction Efforts...

452

DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report DOE Retrospective Review Plan and Burden Reduction Report July 2014 FINAL More Documents & Publications DOE...

453

Density Functional Theory Study of Oxygen Reduction Activity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Study of Oxygen Reduction Activity on Ultrathin Platinum Nanotubes. Density Functional Theory Study of Oxygen Reduction Activity on Ultrathin Platinum Nanotubes. Abstract: The...

454

Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile Route to Synthesis of Soluble Graphene Nanosheets. Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile...

455

Low Temperature Combustion and Diesel Emission Reduction Research...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low Temperature Combustion and Diesel Emission Reduction Research Low Temperature Combustion and Diesel Emission Reduction Research Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24,...

456

Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the Northeast Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the Northeast 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...

457

Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and interstate roads Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and...

458

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique...

459

Biostimulation of Iron Reduction and Subsequent Oxidation of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biostimulation of Iron Reduction and Subsequent Oxidation of Sediment Containing Fe-silicates and Fe-oxides: Effect of Redox Biostimulation of Iron Reduction and Subsequent...

460

Efficiency Improvement through Reduction in Friction and Wear...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Efficiency Improvement through Reduction in Friction and Wear in Powertrain Systems Efficiency Improvement through Reduction in Friction and Wear in Powertrain Systems Presentation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Emissions Reduction Experience with Johnson Matthey EGRT on Off...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reduction Experience with Johnson Matthey EGRT on Off-Road Equipment Emissions Reduction Experience with Johnson Matthey EGRT on Off-Road Equipment Poster presentation at the 2007...

462

Relationship of Hydrogen Bioavailability to Chromate Reduction in Aquifer Sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Media Ecosystem Fresh Water microbiology Geologic...Oxidation-Reduction Water Supply georef;2010007932...studies geochemistry ground water hydrogen laboratory studies...Oklahoma pollution reduction remediation sediments United States...

Tamara L. Marsh; Michael J. McInerney

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They Help to Keep the Lights On? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: California Customer Load Reductions during...

464

Enhanced High and Low Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enhanced High and Low Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction Materials Enhanced High and Low Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction Materials 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

465

Bimetallic and Ternary Alloys for Improved Oxygen Reduction Catalysis...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bimetallic and Ternary Alloys for Improved Oxygen Reduction Catalysis . Bimetallic and Ternary Alloys for Improved Oxygen Reduction Catalysis . Abstract: The research described in...

466

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry during LNT Regeneration for a Lean Gasoline Engine Poster presented at the 16th...

467

Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron. Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron....

468

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

School District School District Emissions Reduction Policies to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type School District Emissions Reduction Policies

469

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Commercial Vehicle Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Commercial Vehicle Idle Reduction Requirement

470

Demonstrated Petroleum Reduction Using Oil Bypass Filter Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Demonstrated Petroleum Reduction Using Oil Bypass Filter Technology on Heavy and Light Vehicles Demonstrated Petroleum Reduction Using Oil Bypass Filter Technology on Heavy and...

471

Nitrate Enhanced Microbial Cr(VI) Reduction-Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major challenge for the bioremediation of radionuclides (i.e., uranium, technetium) and metals (i.e., Cr(VI), Hg) is the co-occurrence of nitrate as it can inhibit metal transformation. Denitrification (nitrate reduction to dinitrogen gas) is considered the most important ecological process. For many metal and metalloid reducing bacteria, however, ammonia is the end product through respiratory nitrate reduction (RNRA). The focus of this work was to determine how RNRA impacts Cr(VI) transformation. The goal was to elucidate the specific mechanism(s) that limits Cr(VI) reduction in the presence of nitrate and to use this information to develop strategies that enhance Cr(VI) reduction (and thus detoxification). Our central hypothesis is that nitrate impacts the biotransformation of metals and metalloids in three ways 1) as a competitive alternative electron acceptor (inhibiting transformation), 2) as a co-metabolite (i.e., concomitant reduction, stimulating transformation), and 3) as an inducer of specific proteins and pathways involved in oxidation/reduction reactions (stimulating transformation). We have identified three model organisms, Geobacter metallireducens (mechanism 1), Sulfurospirillum barnesii, (mechasism 2), and Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (mechanisms 3). Our specific aims were to 1) investigate the role of Cr(VI) concentration on the kinetics of both growth and reduction of nitrate, nitrite, and Cr(VI) in these three organisms; 2) develop a profile of bacterial enzymes involved in nitrate transformation (e.g., oxidoreductases) using a proteomic approach; 3) investigate the function of periplasmic nitrite reductase (Nrf) as a chromate reductase; and 4) develop a strategy to maximize microbial chromium reduction in the presence of nitrate. We found that growth on nitrate by G. metallireducens was inhibited by Cr(VI). Over 240 proteins were identified by LC/MS-MS. Redox active proteins, outer membrane heavy metal efflux proteins, and chemotaxis sensory proteins (Gmet_2478 and Gmet_1641) were up-regulated with exposure to Cr(VI). A nine-heme cytochrome C was purified that could reduce nitrite and could be oxidized by Cr(VI). For D. desulfuricans, we found that confirmed that Cr(VI) induced a prolonged lag period when Cr(VI) was reduced. Over three hundred proteins were unequivocally identified by LC/MS-MS and a significant number of down-regulated proteins for which the levels were changed >2 fold compared to control. Sulfite reductase levels were similar, however, nitrate and nitrite reductase were down-regulated. The supernatant of spent cultures was found to contain a filterable, heat stable compound that rapidly reduced Cr(VI). In addition, desulfoviridin was purified from nitrate grown cells and shown to have nitrite reductase activity that was inhibited by Cr(VI). For S. barnesii, periplasmic nitrate reductase (Nap), nitrite reductase (Nrf), and the metalloid reductase (Rar) were purified and characterized. The supernatant of spent cultures was also found to contain a filterable, heat stable compound that rapidly reduced Cr(VI) but that Rar also reduced Cr(VI). Our results from specific aims 1 through 3 indicate that for G. metallireducens, Cr(VI) inhibits nitrate respiration as it oxidizes cytochromes involved in nitrate respiration. Iron reduction is apparently not affected and the inhibitory affects of Cr(VI) may be attenuated by the addition of sufficient Fe(III) to generate Fe(II) that abiotically reduces the chromium. For S. barnesii, although the enzyme assays indicate that the components of the respiratory pathway for nitrate (e.g. Nap and Nrf) are inhibited by chromate, the organism has a mechanism to prevent this from actually occurring. Our current hypothesis is that the non-specific metalloid reductase (Rar) is providing resistance by reducing the Cr(VI). The strategy here would be to enhance its growth and metabolism in the natural setting. Lactate is a suitable electron donor for S. barnesii but other donors are possible. Although the version of the Phylochip used for monitoring the microb

John F. Stolz

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Asymmetric and Moving-Frame Approaches to the 2D and 3D Boussinesq Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boussinesq systems of nonlinear partial differential equations are fundamental equations in geophysical fluid dynamics. In this paper, we use asymmetric ideas and moving frames to solve the two-dimensional Boussinesq equations with partial viscosity terms studied by Chae ({\\it Adv. Math.} {\\bf 203} (2006), 497-513) and the three-dimensional stratified rotating Boussinesq equations studied by Hsia, Ma and Wang ({\\it J. Math. Phys.} {\\bf 48} (2007), no. 6, 06560). We obtain new families of explicit exact solutions with multiple parameter functions. Many of them are the periodic, quasi-periodic, aperiodic solutions that may have practical significance. By Fourier expansion and some of our solutions, one can obtain discontinuous solutions. In addition, Lie point symmetries are used to simplify our arguments.

Xiaoping Xu

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

473

Overview of the ARGOS X-ray framing camera for Laser MegaJoule  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives has developed the ARGOS X-ray framing camera to perform two-dimensional, high-timing resolution imaging of an imploding target on the French high-power laser facility Laser MegaJoule. The main features of this camera are: a microchannel plate gated X-ray detector, a spring-loaded CCD camera that maintains proximity focus in any orientation, and electronics packages that provide remotely-selectable high-voltages to modify the exposure-time of the camera. These components are integrated into an “air-box” that protects them from the harsh environmental conditions. A miniaturized X-ray generator is also part of the device for in situ self-testing purposes.

Trosseille, C., E-mail: clement.trosseille@cea.fr; Aubert, D.; Auger, L.; Bazzoli, S.; Brunel, P.; Burillo, M.; Chollet, C.; Jasmin, S.; Maruenda, P.; Moreau, I.; Oudot, G.; Raimbourg, J.; Soullié, G.; Stemmler, P.; Zuber, C. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Beck, T. [CEA, DEN, CADARACHE, F-13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Gazave, J. [CEA, DAM, CESTA, F-33116 Le Barp (France)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Development of a dual MCP framing camera for high energy x-rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently developed diagnostic techniques at LLNL require recording backlit images of extremely dense imploded plasmas using hard x-rays, and demand the detector to be sensitive to photons with energies higher than 50 keV [R. Tommasini et al., Phys. Phys. Plasmas 18, 056309 (2011); G. N. Hall et al., “AXIS: An instrument for imaging Compton radiographs using ARC on the NIF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (these proceedings)]. To increase the sensitivity in the high energy region, we propose to use a combination of two MCPs. The first MCP is operated in a low gain regime and works as a thick photocathode, and the second MCP works as a high gain electron multiplier. We tested the concept of this dual MCP configuration and succeeded in obtaining a detective quantum efficiency of 4.5% for 59 keV x-rays, 3 times larger than with a single plate of the thickness typically used in NIF framing cameras.

Izumi, N., E-mail: izumi2@llnl.gov; Hall, G. N.; Carpenter, A. C.; Allen, F. V.; Cruz, J. G.; Felker, B.; Hargrove, D.; Holder, J.; Lumbard, A.; Montesanti, R.; Palmer, N. E.; Piston, K.; Stone, G.; Thao, M.; Vern, R.; Zacharias, R.; Landen, O. L.; Tommasini, R.; Bradley, D. K.; Bell, P. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); and others

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Enhanced video-based target detection using multi-frame correlation filtering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most existing video-based target detection systems employ state-space models to keep track of an explicit number of individual targets. We introduce a framework for enhancing target detection in video by applying probabilistic models to the soft information in correlation outputs before thresholding. We show how to efficiently compute arrays of posterior target probabilities for every position in the scene conditioned on all current and past frames of a video sequence. These arrays can then be thresholded in the typical manner to yield more reliable target detections. Because the framework avoids the formation of explicit tracks, it is well suited for handling scenes with unknown numbers of targets at unknown positions. Simulation results on forward-looking infrared (FLIR) video sequences show that our proposed framework can significantly reduce the false-alarm rate of a bank of correlation filters while requiring only a marginal increase in computation.

Kerekes, Ryan A [ORNL; Kumar, B. V. K. Vijaya [Carnegie Mellon University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Standard design for National Ignition Facility x-ray streak and framing cameras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The x-ray streak camera and x-ray framing camera for the National Ignition Facility were redesigned to improve electromagnetic pulse hardening, protect high voltage circuits from pressure transients, and maximize the use of common parts and operational software. Both instruments use the same PC104 based controller, interface, power supply, charge coupled device camera, protective hermetically sealed housing, and mechanical interfaces. Communication is over fiber optics with identical facility hardware for both instruments. Each has three triggers that can be either fiber optic or coax. High voltage protection consists of a vacuum sensor to enable the high voltage and pulsed microchannel plate phosphor voltage. In the streak camera, the high voltage is removed after the sweep. Both rely on the hardened aluminum box and a custom power supply to reduce electromagnetic pulse/electromagnetic interference (EMP/EMI) getting into the electronics. In addition, the streak camera has an EMP/EMI shield enclosing the front of the streak tube.

Kimbrough, J. R.; Bell, P. M.; Bradley, D. K.; Holder, J. P.; Kalantar, D. K.; MacPhee, A. G.; Telford, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551-0808 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Seismic reliability analysis of reinforced concrete framed buildings deteriorated by chloride ingress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main purpose of this study is to propose an evaluation method that can be used for analysing the time-dependent seismic reliability of reinforced concrete (RC) buildings located in a corrosive environment with high seismic hazard. In this study, several models have been developed to investigate the deterioration induced by chloride ingress in order to estimate the initiation stage and rate of corrosion and to analyse the structural capacity of columns and beams with corroded reinforcing bars; then, the seismic evaluation for RC framed buildings was used for calculating the story shear capacity of each floor in a building. In addition, the hazard curve of the story shear demand for each floor obtained from the seismic hazard analysis was adopted; consequently, a Monte Carlo simulation was carried out for estimating the annual failure probability and seismic reliability index of the concerned building; in other words, a time-dependent seismic reliability function could be built.

Chien-Kuo Chiu; Wen-Yu Jean

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Milestone Project Demonstrates Innovative Mercury Emissions Reduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Milestone Project Demonstrates Innovative Mercury Emissions Milestone Project Demonstrates Innovative Mercury Emissions Reduction Technology Milestone Project Demonstrates Innovative Mercury Emissions Reduction Technology January 12, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - An innovative technology that could potentially help some coal-based power generation facilities comply with anticipated new mercury emissions standards was successfully demonstrated in a recently concluded milestone project at a Michigan power plant. Under a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), WE Energies demonstrated the TOXECON(TM) process in a $52.9million project at the Presque Isle Power Plant in Marquette, Mich. TOXECON is a relatively cost-effective option for achieving significant reductions in mercury emissions and increasing the

479

Killing reduction of 5-dimensional spacetimes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a 5-dimensional spacetime (M,gab) with a Killing vector field ?a which is either everywhere time like or everywhere space like, the collection of all trajectories of ?a gives a 4-dimensional space S. The reduction of (M,gab) is studied in the geometric language, which is a generalization of Geroch’s method for the reduction of 4-dimensional spacetime. A 4-dimensional gravity coupled to a vector field and a scalar field on S is obtained by the reduction of vacuum Einstein’s equations on M, which gives also an alternative description of the 5-dimensional Kaluza-Klein theory. In addition to the symmetry-reduced action from the Hilbert action on M, an alternative action of the fields on S is also obtained, the variations of which lead to the same fields equations as those reduced from the vacuum Einstein equation on M.

Xuejun Yang; Yongge Ma; Jianbing Shao; Wei Zhou

2003-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

480

Judging model reduction of complex systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Model reduction is a common goal in the study of complex systems, consisting of many components with a complex interaction structure. The quality of such reduction, however, may not be reflected correctly in the stepwise prediction error in the model since it ignores the global geometry of the dynamics. Here we introduce a general two-step framework, consisting of dimensionality reduction of the time series followed by modeling of the resulting time series, and propose the use of the shadowing distance to measure the quality of the second step. Using coupled oscillator networks as a prototypical example, we demonstrate that our approach can outperform those based on stepwise error and suggest that it sheds light on the problem of identifying and modeling low-dimensional dynamics in large-scale complex systems.

Jie Sun; Erik M. Bollt; Takashi Nishikawa

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "frame reduction impact" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 1 Contents: Introduction

482

A Comparison Between Model Reduction and Controller Reduction: Application to a PWR Nuclear Planty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison Between Model Reduction and Controller Reduction: Application to a PWR Nuclear Planty@csam.ucl.ac.be, Gevers@csam.ucl.ac.be 2 Electricite de France, Direction des Etudes et Recherches, 6 Quai Watier, F-78041 of a controller for the secondary circuit of a nu- clear Pressurized Water Reactor, leading to the conclu- sions

Gevers, Michel

483

RMOTC to Test Oil Viscosity Reduction Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Test Oil Viscosity Reduction Technology to Test Oil Viscosity Reduction Technology The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) announces that the "Teapot Dome" oil field in Wyoming is hosting a series of tests funded by STWA, Inc. ("STWA") to determine the performance of its Applied Oil Technology (AOT(tm)) in reducing crude oil's viscosity to lower transportation costs for pipeline operators. The testing is managed by RMOTC, and conducted at Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3, also known as the Teapot Dome oil field. RMOTC is providing the infrastructure and technical expertise to support companies such as STWA in their efforts to validate new technologies and bring those products and

484

Direct electrochemical reduction of metal-oxides  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of controlling the direct electrolytic reduction of a metal oxide or mixtures of metal oxides to the corresponding metal or metals. A non-consumable anode and a cathode and a salt electrolyte with a first reference electrode near the non-consumable anode and a second reference electrode near the cathode are used. Oxygen gas is produced and removed from the cell. The anode potential is compared to the first reference electrode to prevent anode dissolution and gas evolution other than oxygen, and the cathode potential is compared to the second reference electrode to prevent production of reductant metal from ions in the electrolyte.

Redey, Laszlo I. (Downers Grove, IL); Gourishankar, Karthick (Downers Grove, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Idle Reduction Weight Idle Reduction Weight Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idle Reduction Weight Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idle Reduction Weight Exemption A motor vehicle equipped with idle reduction or emissions reduction technology may exceed the maximum gross vehicle weight and axle weight

486

Rotor reference frame models of a multiloop 2-phase motor drive in brushless DC and microstepping modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes non-linear models of a 2-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor drive in brushless DC and microstepping modes. The models account for everything from the main power bus up to and including the mechanical load and velocity feedback loop. In particular, the models include the power electronics for each phase complete with their internal feedback loops. Classical state space averaged power electronics models are transformed to the rotor reference frame along with the usual electromechanical variables. Since SPICE linearizes the rotor reference frame model about shaft velocity, instead of shaft angle, frequency domain methods apply. The frequency domain analysis detects unstable interactions between torque angle and deliberate feedback within the drives. Time domain simulations using stator reference frame models confirm the results. All models are SPICE-compatible but were developed on Cadence`s Analog Workbench.

Chen, J.E. [Lockheed Missiles and Space Co. Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Oil depletion or a market problem? A framing analysis of peak oil in The Economist news magazine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite an increase of oil production from unconventional resources, concerns about the depletion of ‘cheap oil’ are more imminent than ever. Recognising the importance of media in influencing public opinion, risk perceptions and policy making, this research presents a framing analysis of peak oil in The Economists’ news magazine (2008 and 2012). One hundred and seventy articles, of which 58 focused on energy security and oil production, were analysed using content and discourse analysis. Coverage was multi-facetted, and included oil depletion as one storyline within the supply challenge frame, especially during times of very high oil prices. Oil prices and the rapid growth in ‘fracking’ were found to be critical discourse moments, influencing the nature of oil coverage in The Economist. Overall, due to The Economist's neoliberal ideology and the resulting optimistic framing of market forces and new technologies, this research found that the news magazine does not contribute majorly to enhancing the public debate on peak oil.

Susanne Becken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry Title Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ke, Jing, Nina Zheng, David Fridley, Lynn K. Price, and Nan Zhou Date Published 06/2012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Keywords cement industry, china energy, china energy group, emission reduction, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, energy efficiency, industrial energy efficiency, Low Emission & Efficient Industry, policy studies Abstract This study analyzes current energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission trends in China's cement industryas the basis for modeling different levels of cement production and rates of efficiency improvement andcarbon reduction in 2011-2030. Three cement output projections are developed based on analyses ofhistorical production and physical and macroeconomic drivers. For each of these three productionprojections, energy savings and CO2 emission reduction potentials are estimated in a best practicescenario and two continuous improvement scenarios relative to a frozen scenario. The results reveal thepotential for cumulative final energy savings of 27.1 to 37.5 exajoules and energy-related directemission reductions of 3.2 to 4.4 gigatonnes in 2011-2030 under the best practice scenarios. Thecontinuous improvement scenarios produce cumulative final energy savings of 6.0 to 18.9 exajoules andreduce CO2 emissions by 1.0 to 2.4 gigatonnes. This analysis highlights that increasing energy efficiencyis the most important policy measure for reducing the cement industry's energy and emissions intensity,given the current state of the industry and the unlikelihood of significant carbon capture and storagebefore 2030. In addition, policies to reduce total cement production offer the most direct way ofreducing total energy consumption and CO2 emissions.

489

Acoustical criteria in a two?parameter system for evaluating impact noise insulation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experience indicates that impact noise complaints in multi?family joist?framed buildings fall into two broad classes: low frequency thudding from footfalls and mid? to high frequency noise from heel clicks dragging furniture etc. The authors have developed a two?parameter system for evaluating impact noise [LoVerde and Dong J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 119 3220 (2006); 120 3206 (2006); 122 2954 (2007)] that offers considerable improvement over existing metrics (such as FIIC) in terms of both correlation with subjective reaction and comparison of materials intended for improving impact insulation. Based on this system suggested criteria for impact noise levels are presented. The effects of various design parameters on noise levels are discussed.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

The electricity consumption impacts of commercial energy management systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation of energy management systems (EMS) in large commercial and institutional buildings in North Carolina was undertaken to determine how EMS currently affect electricity consumption and what their potential is for being used to reduce on-peak electricity demand. A survey was mailed to 5000 commercial customers; the 430 responses were tabulated and analyzed; EMS vendors were interviewed, and 30 sites were investigated in detail. The detailed assessments included a site interview and reconstruction of historic billing data to evaluate EMS impact, if any. The results indicate that well-tuned EMS can result in a 10 to 40 percent reduction in billed demand, and smaller reductions in energy.

Buchanan, S.; Taylor, R.; Paulos, S.; Warren, W.; Hay, J.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Potential impact of R and D on hydrothermal energy cost  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potentital impact of the DOE/Geothermal Technology Development programs on the cost of geothermal power has been estimated using the computer program IMGEO.300. Results indicate a potential 30 to 40% cost reduction for hydrothermal systems with a 40 to 50% cost reduction potential for binary systems. The purpose of this document is to demonstrate the use of IMGEO. The initial results are tentative because the R and D goals have not been finalized and the code has not been completely validated.

Traeger, R.K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Assess Potential Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions Assess Potential Changes in Business Travel that Impact Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 1:22pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 1 For a Federal agency, changes in the demand for business travel can be difficult to predict. Changes in the nature of the agency's work may have a substantial impact on the demand for business travel. It is therefore important to account for these changes when planning for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction. Conditions that may contribute to a significant increase or decrease in the agency's business travel, beyond specific efforts to reduce business travel demand, include: Significant changes in the agency's budget Addition or completion of major program activities that require

493

"Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction: Is conservation the answer?" Paul van. Most ecosystems will change in the future. 2. Loss of species and biodiversity will continue to happen Energy Demand Urbanisation Climate Change Water Availability Infectious Diseases Biodiversity Loss #12

494

Waste reduction through consumer education. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Reduction through Consumer Education research project was conducted to determine how environmental educational strategies influence purchasing behavior in the supermarket. The objectives were to develop, demonstrate, and evaluate consumer education strategies for waste reduction. The amount of waste generated by packaging size and form, with an adjustment for local recyclability of waste, was determined for 14 product categories identified as having more waste generating and less waste generating product choices (a total of 484 products). Using supermarket scan data and shopper identification numbers, the research tracked the purchases of shoppers in groups receiving different education treatments for 9 months. Statistical tests applied to the purchase data assessed patterns of change between the groups by treatment period. Analysis of the data revealed few meaningful statistical differences between study groups or changes in behavior over time. Findings suggest that broad brush consumer education about waste reduction is not effective in changing purchasing behaviors in the short term. However, it may help create a general awareness of the issues surrounding excess packaging and consumer responsibility. The study concludes that the answer to waste reduction in the future may be a combination of voluntary initiatives by manufacturers and retailers, governmental intervention, and better-informed consumers.

Harrison, E.Z.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Equimultiplicity, reduction, and blowing up.pdf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction of .1 if lJn = Jm1 for some integer n; or, eguivalently, if J is contained in the ...... 5/955; so if q is a minimal prime divisor of mR, and Rq is flat over S, then.

496

Power reduction techniques for microprocessor systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power consumption is a major factor that limits the performance of computers. We survey the “state of the art” in techniques that reduce the total power consumed by a microprocessor system over time. These techniques are applied at various ... Keywords: Energy dissipation, power reduction

Vasanth Venkatachalam; Michael Franz

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Model Reduction of Modules for StateEvent Temporal Logics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction technique for a class of ``state­event stuttering invariant'' temporal formulas. In particular

Lawford, Mark

498

Model Reduction of Modules for State-Event Temporal Logics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction technique for a class of "state-event stuttering invariant" temporal formulas. In particular

Lawford, Mark

499

An Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Mutation Rates at Multiple Loci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Mutation Rates at Multiple Loci Lee Altenberg altenber of the reduction principle is found: reduction results at individual loci combine topologically to produce to the reduction principle, and under fine tuning of mutation rates would be expected to have higher mutation rates

Altenberg, Lee

500

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Employer Invested Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Employer Invested Emissions Reduction Funding - South Coast on AddThis.com...