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1

Carbon Capture by Fossil Fuel Power Plants: An Economic Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Capture by Fossil Fuel Power Plants: An Economic Analysis ¨Ozge I¸slegen Graduate School excellent research assistance. #12;Carbon Capture by Fossil Fuel Power Plants: An Economic Analysis Abstract: For fossil fuel power plants to be built in the future, carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies offer

Silver, Whendee

2

Fossil Power Plant Applications of Expert Systems: An EPRI Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the role of expert systems in the electric power industry, with particular emphasis on six fossil power plant applications currently under development by the Electric Power Research Institute....

Divakaruni, S. M.

3

Fossil plant layup and reactivation conference: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The Fossil Plant Layup and Reactivation Conference was held in New Orleans, Louisiana on April 14--15, 1992. The Conference was sponsored by EPRI and hosted by Entergy Services, Inc. to bring together representatives from utilities, consulting firms, manufacturers and architectural engineers. Eighteen papers were presented in three sessions. These sessions were devoted to layup procedures and practices, and reactivation case studies. A panel discussion was held on the second day to interactively discuss layup and reactivation issues. More than 80 people attended the Conference. This report contains technical papers and a summary of the panel discussion. Of the eighteen papers, three are related to general, one is related to regulatory issues, three are related to specific equipment, four are related to layup procedures and practices, and seven are layup and reactivation case studies.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Evaluation of fossil plants versus hydro plants for load frequency control  

SciTech Connect

The economics of using hydroplants with Francis turbines or fossil plants for load frequency control are evaluated. Using data from the TVA Gallatin steam plant and the TVA Cherokee, Wilson, and Fontana hydroplants, a cost comparison of different modes of operation for load frequency control was performed considering two plants at a time. The results showed that when the fossil plant was used for load frequency control instead of a hydro plant a lower system generation cost was incurred. Dynamic responses of fossil and hydro units, improved controls for fossil plants, and maneuvering costs of the Gallatin plant are also considered.

Broadwater, R.P.; Johnson, R.L.; Duckett, F.E.; Boston, W.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

RADIOLOGICAL HEALTH AND RELATED STANDARDS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 2 OF HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Fossil-Fu.e l and Geothermal Power Plants", Lawrencefrom fossil-fuel and geothermal power plants Control offrom fossil-fuel and geothermal power plants Radionuclide

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Case studies on recent fossil-fired plants  

SciTech Connect

The article summarises the findings of case studies on fossil-fired power plants carried out by the IEA Clean Coal Centre for the IEA at the request of world leaders at the Gleneagles G8 Summit in July 2005. The studies compared the cost, efficiency and emissions of eight recently constructed coal-fired plants using pulverized coal combustion with subcritical, supercritical or ultra-supercritical steam turbine cycles. Also included was a review of IGCC developments. A case study of a natural gas combined-cycle plant was included for comparison. The full report has been published by the IEA. 1 tab.

Henderson, C. [IEA Clean Coal Centre, London (United Kingdom)

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

HIGH EFFICIENCY FOSSIL POWER PLANT (HEFPP) CONCEPTUALIZATION PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

This study confirms the feasibility of a natural gas fueled, 20 MW M-C Power integrated pressurized molten carbonate fuel cell combined in a topping cycle with a gas turbine generator plant. The high efficiency fossil power plant (HEFPP) concept has a 70% efficiency on a LHV basis. The study confirms the HEFPP has a cost advantage on a cost of electricity basis over the gas turbine based combined cycle plants in the 20 MW size range. The study also identifies the areas of further development required for the fuel cell, gas turbine generator, cathode blower, inverter, and power module vessel. The HEFPP concept offers an environmentally friendly power plant with minuscule emission levels when compared with the combined cycle power plant.

J.L. Justice

1999-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

8

Reducing CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO CO 2 Emissions From Fossil Fuel Power Plants Scott M. Klara - National Energy Technology Laboratory EPGA's 3 rd Annual Power Generation Conference October 16-17, 2002 Hershey, Pennsylvania EPGA - SMK - 10/17/02 * One of DOE's 17 national labs * Government owned/operated * Sites in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Alaska * More than 1,100 federal and support contractor employees * FY 02 budget of $750 million National Energy Technology Laboratory EPGA - SMK - 10/17/02 * Diverse research portfolio - 60 external projects - Onsite focus area * Strong industry support - 40% cost share * Portfolio funding $100M 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2003 2003 Budget (Million $) Fiscal Year Senate House Administration Request Carbon Sequestration: A Dynamic Program Separation & Capture From Power Plants Plays Key Role

9

Proceedings: 7th International Conference on Cycle Chemistry in Fossil Plants  

SciTech Connect

The purity of boiler water, feedwater, and steam is central to ensuring component availability and reliability in fossil-fired plants. These proceedings of EPRI's Seventh International Conference on Cycle Chemistry in Fossil Plants address the state of the art in fossil plant and combined cycle/heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) cycle chemistry as well as international practices for corrosion control and water preparation and purification.

None

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Hydrogen Separation Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. This project was motivated by the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. The proposed technology addresses the DOE Vision 21 initiative in two ways. First, this process offers a relatively inexpensive solution for pure hydrogen separation that can be easily incorporated into Vision 21 fossil fuel plants. Second, this process could reduce the cost of hydrogen, which is a clean burning fuel under increasing demand as supporting technologies are developed for hydrogen utilization and storage. Additional motivation for this project arises from the potential of this technology for other applications. By appropriately changing the catalysts coupled with the membrane, essentially the same system can be used to facilitate alkane dehydrogenation and coupling, aromatics processing, and hydrogen sulfide decomposition.

Roark, Shane E.; Mackay, Richard; Sammells, Anthony F.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

11

Monitoring of temperature-compensated conductivity in fossil power plants  

SciTech Connect

Specific conductivity is an inexpensive, reliable, on-line method for monitoring the overall level of contaminants and its trends in fossil plant cycles. The most important applications are the monitoring in makeup water and at the economizer inlet. In the makeup, the specific conductivity is related to the content of makeup ionic impurities and carbon dioxide. Specific conductivity at the economizer inlet is an indication of the ammonia level during normal operation, since other ionic impurity levels are relatively very low in relation to the ammonia content. Cation conductivity serves as an excellent diagnostic tool. The advantage of using strong-acid cation exchanger for the alkalizing agents elimination and for the great sensitivity improvement has already been recognized in the 1950`s. The cation conductivity is currently one of the most important {open_quotes}core parameters{close_quotes} in the Cycle Chemistry Improvement Project. In this project, the most important plant cycle locations where cation conductivity on-line monitoring is strongly advised are: condensate pump discharge; polisher outlet or economizer inlet; and hot reheat steam or main steam. An additional monitoring location is the blowdown or the downcomer of drum boilers. The cation conductivity monitoring at this location is becoming vital with the introduction of oxygenated chemistry and OH (sodium hydroxide) treatment in cycles with drum boilers. Degassed cation conductivity has been addressed. Applying this method, the effect of carbon dioxide on cation conductivity is eliminated by boiling off gaseous carbon dioxide before the actual cation conductivity monitoring. Therefore, the degassed cation conductivity reflects only the total non-volatile anionic impurity level.

Bursik, A. [Grosskraftwerk Mannheim AG (Germany)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc., and team members, are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, ceramic, cermet (ceramic/metal), and thin film membranes were prepared, characterized, and evaluated for H{sub 2} transport. For selected ceramic membrane compositions an optimum range for transition metal doping was identified, and it was determined that highest proton conductivity occurred for two-phase ceramic materials. Furthermore, a relationship between transition metal dopant atomic number and conductivity was observed. Ambipolar conductivities of {approx}6 x 10{sup -3} S/cm were achieved for these materials, and {approx} 1-mm thick membranes generated H{sub 2} transport rates as high as 0.3 mL/min/cm{sup 2}. Cermet membranes during this quarter were found to have a maximum conductivity of 3 x 10{sup -3} S/cm, which occurred at a metal phase contact of 36 vol.%. Homogeneous dense thin films were successfully prepared by tape casting and spin coating; however, there remains an unacceptably high difference in shrinkage rates between the film and support, which led to membrane instability. Further improvements in high pressure membrane seals also were achieved during this quarter, and a maximum pressure of 100 psig was attained. CoorsTek optimized many of the processing variables relevant to manufacturing scale production of ceramic H{sub 2} transport membranes, and SCI used their expertise to deposit a range of catalysts compositions onto ceramic membrane surfaces. Finally, MTI compiled relevant information regarding Vision 21 fossil fuel plant operation parameters, which will be used as a starting point for assessing the economics of incorporating a H{sub 2} separation unit.

Shane E. Roark; Tony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Adam E. Calihman; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Tom F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Mike J. Holmes; Aaron L. Wagner

2001-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

13

TVA's Shawnee Fossil Plant Unit 6 sets new record for continuous operation  

SciTech Connect

Tennessee Valley Authority's Shawnee Fossil Plant Unit 6 recently set a new 1,093 day continuous run record. The 10 top practices at Shawnee for achieving high performance are discussed.

Peltier, R.

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Evaluation of Innovative Fossil Fuel Power Plants with CO2 Removal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Fossil Fuel Power Innovative Fossil Fuel Power Plants with CO 2 Removal Technical Report EPRI Project Manager N. A. H. Holt EPRI * 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 * PO Box 10412, Palo Alto, California 94303 * USA 800.313.3774 * 650.855.2121 * askepri@epri.com * www.epri.com Evaluation of Innovative Fossil Fuel Power Plants with CO 2 Removal 1000316 Interim Report, December 2000 Cosponsors U. S. Department of Energy - Office of Fossil Energy 19901 Germantown Road Germantown, Maryland 20874 U.S. Department of Energy/NETL 626 Cochrans Mill Road PO Box 10940 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236-0940 DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITIES THIS DOCUMENT WAS PREPARED BY THE ORGANIZATION(S) NAMED BELOW AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH

15

Fossil organic carbon in wastewater and its fate in treatment plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reports the presence of fossil organic carbon in wastewater and its fate in wastewater treatment plants. The findings pinpoint the inaccuracy of current greenhouse gas accounting guidelines which defines all organic carbon in wastewater to be of biogenic origin. Stable and radiocarbon isotopes (13C and 14C) were measured throughout the process train in four municipal wastewater treatment plants equipped with secondary activatedsludge treatment. Isotopic mass balance analyses indicate that 414% of influent total organic carbon (TOC) is of fossil origin with concentrations between 6 and 35mg/L; 8898% of this is removed from the wastewater. The TOC mass balance analysis suggests that 3965% of the fossil organic carbon from the influent is incorporated into the activated sludge through adsorption or from cell assimilation while 2950% is likely transformed to carbon dioxide (CO2) during secondary treatment. The fossil organic carbon fraction in the sludge undergoes further biodegradation during anaerobic digestion with a 12% decrease in mass. 1.46.3% of the influent TOC consists of both biogenic and fossil carbon is estimated to be emitted as fossil CO2 from activated sludge treatment alone. The results suggest that current greenhouse gas accounting guidelines, which assume that all CO2 emission from wastewater is biogenic may lead to underestimation of emissions.

Yingyu Law; Geraldine E. Jacobsen; Andrew M. Smith; Zhiguo Yuan; Paul Lant

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, inc., Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Thomas A. Zirbel; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. (Balu) Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; George Farthing; Dan Rowley; Tim R. Armstrong; R.D. Carneim; P.F. Becher; C-H. Hsueh; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc. and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory, and NORAM are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative, which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. Currently, this project is focusing on four basic categories of dense membranes: (1) mixed conducting ceramic/ceramic composites, (2) mixed conducting ceramic/metal (cermet) composites, (3) cermets with hydrogen permeable metals, and (4) layered composites containing hydrogen permeable alloys. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this final quarter of the no cost extension several planar membranes of a cermet composition referred to as EC101 containing a high permeability metal and a ceramic phase were prepared and permeability testing was performed.

Carl R. Evenson; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

18

Engineering assessment of condenser deaeration retrofits for cycling fossil plants: Final report  

SciTech Connect

High dissolved oxygen levels in the condensate feedwater system contribute significantly to corrosion problems in steam generators, turbine rotor and blading, feedwater piping, feedwater heaters, and other plant equipment. While ingress of oxygen and oxidizing species into the condensate feedwater system cannot be completely eliminated due to a large number of potential air inleakage paths including air in-leakage into the condensate in the hotwell section of the condenser, oxygen levels could be kept to a minimum even at partial and no-load operation by improved condensate deaeration. The corrosion problems encountered in PWR plants, as well as those causing increased maintenance requirements and plant deterioration in cycling fossil plants are growing concerns to utilities. These concerns have motivated EPRI to investigate the causes and to seek remedies for the high dissolved oxygen levels that occur at start-up, low operating loads and shutdown. The purpose of this project was to develop the design, install and test three independent systems that could serve to reduce and maintain the low, dissolved oxygen content in the condensate of a peaking fossil unit under all operating conditions. If the results of the tests are favorable, the devices could be used at other peaking fossil plants and nuclear plants. 5 refs., 28 figs., 7 tabs.

Oliker, I.; Silaghy, F.; Lessley, R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc., and team members, are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, it was demonstrated that increasing the transition metal loading in a model perovskite composition resulted in an increase in hydrogen flux. Improved flux corresponded to the emergence of additional phases in the ceramic membrane, and highest flux was achieved for a composite consisting of pseudo-cubic and rhombohedral perovskite phases. A 0.9-mm thick membrane of this material generated a hydrogen flux in excess of 0.1 mL/min/cm{sup 2}, which was approximately 35 times greater than analogs with lower transition metal levels. The dopant level and crystal structure also correlated with membrane density and coefficient of thermal expansion, but did not appear to affect grain size or shape. Additionally, preliminary ceramic-metal (cermet) composite membranes demonstrated a 10-fold increase in flux relative to analogous membranes composed of only the ceramic component. The hydrogen flux for these cermet samples corresponded to a conductivity of {approx} 10{sup -3} S/cm, which was consistent with the predicted proton conductivity of the ceramic phase. Increasing the sweep gas flow rate in test reactors was found to significantly increase hydrogen flux, as well as apparent material conductivity for all samples tested. Adding humidity to the feed gas stream produced a small increase in hydrogen flux. However, the catalyst on ceramic membrane surfaces did not affect flux, which suggested that the process was membrane-diffusion limited. Representative samples and fabrication processes were evaluated on the basis of manufacturing practicality. it was determined that optimum membrane densification occurs over a very narrow temperature range for the subject ceramics. Additionally, calcination temperatures currently employed result in powders that are difficult mill and screen. These issues must be addressed to improve large-scale fabricability.

Shane E. Roark; Tony F. Sammells; Adam E. Calihman; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Pamela M. Van Calcar; Richard A. Mackay; Tom F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Tim R. Armstrong; Mike J. Holmes; Aaron L. Wagner

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

20

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc. and their team members are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, new cermet compositions were tested that demonstrated similar performance to previous materials. A 0.5-mm thick membrane achieved at H{sub 2} transport rate of 0.2 mL/min/cm{sup 2} at 950 C, which corresponded to an ambipolar conductivity of 3 x 10{sup -3} S/cm. Although these results were equivalent to those for other cermet compositions, this new composition might be useful if it demonstrates improved chemical or mechanical stability. Ceramic/ceramic composite membranes also were fabricated and tested; however, some reaction did occur between the proton- and electron-conducting phases, which likely compromised conductivity. This sample only achieved a H{sub 2} transport rate of {approx} 0.006 mL/min/cm{sup 2} and an ambipolar conductivity of {approx}4 x 10{sup -4} S/cm. Chemical stability tests were continued, and candidate ceramic membranes were found to react slightly with carbon monoxide under extreme testing conditions. A cermet compositions did not show any reaction with carbon monoxide, but a thick layer of carbon formed on the membrane surface. The most significant technical accomplishment this quarter was a new high-pressure seal composition. This material maintained a pressure differential across the membrane of {approx} 280 psi at 800 C, and is still in operation.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Thomas A. Zirbel; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. (Balu) Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; George Farthing; Dan Rowley; Tim R. Armstrong; M.K. Ferber; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, McDermott Technology, Inc., Sued Chemie, Argonne National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying single-phase and composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize proton and electron conductivity without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, mixed proton/electron conductivity and hydrogen transport was measured as a function of metal phase content for a range of ceramic/metal (cermet) compositions. It was found that optimum performance occurred at 44 wt.% metal content for all compositions tested. Although each cermet appeared to have a continuous metal phase, it is believed that hydrogen transport increased with increasing metal content partially due to beneficial surface catalyst characteristics resulting from the metal phase. Beyond 44 wt.% there was a reduction in hydrogen transport most likely due to dilution of the proton conducting ceramic phase. Hydrogen separation rates for 1-mm thick cermet membranes were in excess of 0.1 mL/min/cm{sup 2}, which corresponded to ambipolar conductivities between 1 x 10{sup -3} and 8 x 10{sup -3} S/cm. Similar results were obtained for multiphase ceramic membranes comprised of a proton-conducting perovskite and electron conducting metal oxide. These multi-phase ceramic membranes showed only a slight improvement in hydrogen transport upon addition of a metal phase. The highest hydrogen separation rates observed this quarter were for a cermet membrane containing a hydrogen transport metal. A 1-mm thick membrane of this material achieved a hydrogen separation rate of 0.3 mL/min/cm{sup 2} at only 700 C, which increased to 0.6 mL/min/cm{sup 2} at 950 C.

Shane E. Roark; Tony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Alexandra Z. LaGuardia; Tom F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Mike J. Holmes; Aaron L. Wagner

2001-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

22

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

Eltron Research Inc., and team members CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, and Argonne National Laboratory are developing an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. This project was motivated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Vision 21 initiative which seeks to economically eliminate environmental concerns associated with the use of fossil fuels. This objective is being pursued using dense membranes based in part on Eltron-patented ceramic materials with a demonstrated ability for proton and electron conduction. The technical goals are being addressed by modifying composite membrane composition and microstructure to maximize hydrogen permeation without loss of material stability. Ultimately, these materials must enable hydrogen separation at practical rates under ambient and high-pressure conditions, without deactivation in the presence of feedstream components such as carbon dioxide, water, and sulfur. During this quarter, a composite metal membrane based on an inexpensive hydrogen permeable metal achieved permeation rates in excess of 25 mL/min/cm{sup 2}. Preliminary attempts to incorporate this metal into a cermet were successful, and a thick cermet membrane (0.83 mm) with 40 vol.% metal phase achieved a permeation rate of nearly 0.4 mL/min/cm{sup 2}. Increasing the metal phase content and decreasing membrane thickness should significantly increase permeation, while maintaining the benefits derived from cermets. Two-phase ceramic/ceramic composite membranes had low hydrogen permeability, likely due to interdiffusion of constituents between the phases. However, these materials did demonstrate high resistance to corrosion, and might be good candidates for other composite membranes. Temperature-programmed reduction measurements indicated that model cermet materials absorbed 2.5 times as much hydrogen than the pure ceramic analogs. This characteristic, in addition to higher electron conductivity, likely explains the relatively high permeation for these cermets. Incorporation of catalysts with ceramics and cermets increased hydrogen uptake by 800 to more than 900%. Finally, new high-pressure seals were developed for cermet membranes that maintained a pressure differential of 250 psi. This result indicated that the approach for high-pressure seal development could be adapted for a range of compositions. Other items discussed in this report include mechanical testing, new proton conducting ceramics, supported thin films, and alkane to olefin conversion.

Shane E. Roark; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard A. Mackay; Lyrik Y. Pitzman; Thomas A. Zirbel; Stewart R. Schesnack; Thomas F. Barton; Sara L. Rolfe; U. (Balu) Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Aaron L. Wagner; Jon P. Wagner

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

23

ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect

During this quarter work was continued on characterizing the stability of layered composite membranes under a variety of conditions. Membrane permeation was tested up to 100 hours at constant pressure, temperature, and flow rates. In addition, design parameters were completed for a scale-up hydrogen separation demonstration unit. Evaluation of microstructure and effect of hydrogen exposure on BCY/Ni cermet mechanical properties was initiated. The fabrication of new cermets containing high permeability metals is reported and progress in the preparation of sulfur resistant catalysts is discussed. Finally, a report entitled ''Criteria for Incorporating Eltron's Hydrogen Separation Membranes into Vision 21 IGCC Systems and FutureGen Plants'' was completed.

Carl R. Evenson; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard T. Treglio; Jim Fisher; U. Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Chandra Ratnasamy; Mahendra Sunkara; Jyothish Thangla; Clive Brereton; Warren Wolfs; James Lockhart

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Multi-Pollutant Framework for Evaluating CO2 Control Options for Fossil Fuel Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-Pollutant Framework for Evaluating CO Multi-Pollutant Framework for Evaluating CO 2 Control Options for Fossil Fuel Power Plants Edward S. Rubin (rubin@cmu.edu; 412-268-5897) Anand B. Rao (abr@andrew.cmu.edu; 412-268-5605) Michael B. Berkenpas (mikeb@cmu.edu; 412-268-1088) Carnegie Mellon University EPP Department, Baker Hall 128A Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Abstract As part of DOE/NETL's Carbon Sequestration Program, we are developing an integrated, multi-pollutant modeling framework to evaluate the costs and performance of alternative carbon capture and sequestration technologies for fossil-fueled power plants. The model calculates emissions, costs, and efficiency on a systematic basis at the level of an individual plant or facility. Both new and existing facilities can be modeled, including coal-based or natural gas-based combustion or gasification systems using air or oxygen.

25

Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. A family of hydrogen separation membranes was developed including single phase mixed conducting ceramics, ceramic/ceramic composites, cermet membranes, cermet membranes containing a hydrogen permeable metal, and intermediate temperature composite layered membranes. Each membrane type had different operating parameters, advantages, and disadvantages that were documented over the course of the project. Research on these membranes progressed from ceramics to cermets to intermediate temperature composite layered membranes. During this progression performance was increased from 0.01 mL x min{sup -1} x cm{sup -2} up to 423 mL x min{sup -1} x cm{sup -2}. Eltron and team membranes not only developed each membrane type, but also membrane surface catalysis and impurity tolerance, creation of thin film membranes, alternative applications such as membrane promoted alkane dehydrogenation, demonstration of scale-up testing, and complete engineering documentation including process and mechanical considerations necessary for inclusion of Eltron membranes in a full scale integrated gasification combined cycle power plant. The results of this project directly led to a new $15 million program funded by the Department of Energy. This new project will focus exclusively on scale-up of this technology as part of the FutureGen initiative.

Carl R. Evenson; Shane E. Roark

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Bioenergy Plants in Indonesia: Sorghum for Producing Bioethanol as an Alternative Energy Substitute of Fossil Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Indonesia's energy demand is increasing every year. Bioenergy plants are expected to be one of the solutions to fill energy demand in Indonesia. Sorghum is a bioenergy plant that can be used in Indonesia for producing bioethanol. Sorghum bioethanol is produced from sorghum biomass waste processing results with fermentation process. Ethanol is derived from fermented sorghum which is about 40-55%. Sorghum bioethanol can be used as an alternative fuel that is renewable and can be used as a substitute for fossil fuels.

Rahayu Suryaningsih; Irhas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Solar-Augment Potential of U.S. Fossil-Fired Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) systems utilize solar thermal energy for the generation of electric power. This attribute makes it relatively easy to integrate CSP systems with fossil-fired power plants. The 'solar-augment' of fossil power plants offers a lower cost and lower risk alternative to stand-alone solar plant construction. This study ranked the potential to add solar thermal energy to coal-fired and natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) plants found throughout 16 states in the southeast and southwest United States. Each generating unit was ranked in six categories to create an overall score ranging from Excellent to Not Considered. Separate analysis was performed for parabolic trough and power tower technologies due to the difference in the steam temperatures that each can generate. The study found a potential for over 11 GWe of parabolic trough and over 21 GWe of power tower capacity. Power towers offer more capacity and higher quality integration due to the greater steam temperatures that can be achieved. The best sites were in the sunny southwest, but all states had at least one site that ranked Good for augmentation.

Turchi, C.; Langle, N.; Bedilion, R.; Libby, C.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Restart of K-Reactor, Savannah River Site: Safety evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

This Safety Evaluation Report (SER) focuses on those issues required to support the restart of the K-Reactor at the Savannah River Plant. This SER provides the safety criteria for restart and documents the results of the staff reviews of the DOE and operating contractor activities to meet these criteria. To develop the restart criteria for the issues discussed in this SER, the Savannah River Restart Office and Savannah River Special Projects Office staffs relied, when possible, on commercial industry codes and standards and on NRC requirements and guidelines for the commercial nuclear industry. However, because of the age and uniqueness of the Savannah River reactors, criteria for the commercial plants were not always applicable. In these cases, alternate criteria were developed. The restart criteria applicable to each of the issues are identified in the safety evaluations for each issue. The restart criteria identified in this report are intended to apply only to restart of the Savannah River reactors. Following the development of the acceptance criteria, the DOE staff and their support contractors evaluated the results of the DOE and operating contractor (WSRC) activities to meet these criteria. The results of those evaluations are documented in this report. Deviations or failures to meet the requirements are either justified in the report or carried as open or confirmatory items to be completed and evaluated in supplements to this report before restart. 62 refs., 1 fig.

Not Available

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Carbon Capture and Water Emissions Treatment System (CCWESTRS) at Fossil-Fueled Electric Generating Plants  

SciTech Connect

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and the Department of Energy-National Energy Technologies Laboratory (DOE-NETL) are evaluating and demonstrating integration of terrestrial carbon sequestration techniques at a coal-fired electric power plant through the use of Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) system gypsum as a soil amendment and mulch, and coal fly ash pond process water for periodic irrigation. From January to March 2002, the Project Team initiated the construction of a 40 ha Carbon Capture and Water Emissions Treatment System (CCWESTRS) near TVA's Paradise Fossil Plant on marginally reclaimed surface coal mine lands in Kentucky. The CCWESTRS is growing commercial grade trees and cover crops and is expected to sequester 1.5-2.0 MT/ha carbon per year over a 20-year period. The concept could be used to meet a portion of the timber industry's needs while simultaneously sequestering carbon in lands which would otherwise remain non-productive. The CCWESTRS includes a constructed wetland to enhance the ability to sequester carbon and to remove any nutrients and metals present in the coal fly ash process water runoff. The CCWESTRS project is a cooperative effort between TVA, EPRI, and DOE-NETL, with a total budget of $1,574,000. The proposed demonstration project began in October 2000 and has continued through December 2005. Additional funding is being sought in order to extend the project. The primary goal of the project is to determine if integrating power plant processes with carbon sequestration techniques will enhance carbon sequestration cost-effectively. This goal is consistent with DOE objectives to provide economically competitive and environmentally safe options to offset projected growth in U.S. baseline emissions of greenhouse gases after 2010, achieve the long-term goal of $10/ton of avoided net costs for carbon sequestration, and provide half of the required reductions in global greenhouse gases by 2025. Other potential benefits of the demonstration include developing a passive technology for water treatment for trace metal and nutrient release reductions, using power plant by-products to improve coal mine land reclamation and carbon sequestration, developing wildlife habitat and green-space around production facilities, generating Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) credits for the use of process water, and producing wood products for use by the lumber and pulp and paper industry. Project activities conducted during the five year project period include: Assessing tree cultivation and other techniques used to sequester carbon; Project site assessment; Greenhouse studies to determine optimum plant species and by-product application; Designing, constructing, operating, monitoring, and evaluating the CCWESTRS system; and Reporting (ongoing). The ability of the system to sequester carbon will be the primary measure of effectiveness, measured by accessing survival and growth response of plants within the CCWESTRS. In addition, costs associated with design, construction, and monitoring will be evaluated and compared to projected benefits of other carbon sequestration technologies. The test plan involves the application of three levels each of two types of power plant by-products--three levels of FGD gypsum mulch, and three levels of ash pond irrigation water. This design produces nine treatment levels which are being tested with two species of hardwood trees (sweet gum and sycamore). The project is examining the effectiveness of applications of 0, 8-cm, and 15-cm thick gypsum mulch layers and 0, 13 cm, and 25 cm of coal fly ash water for irrigation. Each treatment combination is being replicated three times, resulting in a total of 54 treatment plots (3 FGD gypsum levels X 3 irrigation water levels x 2 tree species x 3 replicates). Survival and growth response of plant species in terms of sequestering carbon in plant material and soil will be the primary measure of effectiveness of each treatment. Additionally, the ability of the site soils and unsaturated zone subsurface m

P. Alan Mays; Bert R. Bock; Gregory A. Brodie; L. Suzanne Fisher; J. Devereux Joslin; Donald L. Kachelman; Jimmy J. Maddox; N. S. Nicholas; Larry E. Shelton; Nick Taylor; Mark H. Wolfe; Dennis H. Yankee; John Goodrich-Mahoney

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products August 6, 2010 -...

31

Base-Load and Peak Electricity from a Combined Nuclear Heat and Fossil Combined-Cycle Plant  

SciTech Connect

A combined-cycle power plant is proposed that uses heat from a high-temperature reactor and fossil fuel to meet base-load and peak electrical demands. The high-temperature gas turbine produces shaft power to turn an electric generator. The hot exhaust is then fed to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) that provides steam to a steam turbine for added electrical power production. A simplified computational model of the thermal power conversion system was developed in order to parametrically investigate two different steady-state operation conditions: base load nuclear heat only from an Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR), and combined nuclear heat with fossil heat to increase the turbine inlet temperature. These two cases bracket the expected range of power levels, where any intermediate power level can result during electrical load following. The computed results indicate that combined nuclear-fossil systems have the potential to offer both low-cost base-load electricity and lower-cost peak power relative to the existing combination of base-load nuclear plants and separate fossil-fired peak-electricity production units. In addition, electric grid stability, reduced greenhouse gases, and operational flexibility can also result with using the conventional technology presented here for the thermal power conversion system coupled with the AHTR.

Conklin, Jim [ORNL; Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Base-Load and Peak Electricity from a Combined Nuclear Heat and Fossil Combined-Cycle Plant  

SciTech Connect

A combined-cycle power plant is proposed that uses heat from a high-temperature reactor and fossil fuel to meet base-load and peak electrical demands. The high temperature gas turbine produces shaft power to turn an electric generator. The hot exhaust is then fed to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) that provides steam to a steam turbine for added electrical power production. A simplified computational model of the thermal power conversion system was developed in order to parametrically investigate two different steady-state operation conditions: base load nuclear heat only from an Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR), and combined nuclear heat with fossil heat to increase the turbine inlet temperature. These two cases bracket the expected range of power levels, where any intermediate power level can result during electrical load following. The computed results indicate that combined nuclear-fossil systems have the potential to offer both low-cost base-load electricity and lower-cost peak power relative to the existing combination of base-load nuclear plants and separate fossil-fired peak-electricity production units. In addition, electric grid stability, reduced greenhouse gases, and operational flexibility can also result with using the conventional technology presented here for the thermal power conversion system coupled with the AHTR. (authors)

Conklin, James C.; Forsberg, Charles W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Berkeley Lab Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity Berkeley Lab Checkpoint Restart Improves Productivity March 30, 2009 franklin-16b.jpg FRANKLIN is NERSC's Cray XT4 massively parallel processing system with 38,128 Opteron compute cores and a peak performance of 356 TFlops. A combustion researcher may run a huge simulation of a laboratory-scale flame experiment on a supercomputer to better understand the turbulence-chemistry interactions that affect fuel efficiency. But if the system crashes, then all the data from the run is lost and the user has no choice but to start over. The new version Berkeley Lab Checkpoint Restart (BCLR) software, released in January 2009, could mean that scientists running extensive calculations will be able to recover from such a crash - if they are running on a

34

Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes the requirements for startup of new nuclear facilities and for the restart of existing nuclear facilities that have been shutdown. Cancels DOE 5480.31. Canceled by DOE O 425.1A.

1995-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

35

Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the requirements for startup of new nuclear facilities and for the restart of existing nuclear facilities that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1. Canceled by DOE O 425.1B.

1998-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

36

High Temperature Materials for Nuclear Fast Fission and Fusion Reactors and Advanced Fossil Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of materials plays a crucial role in the economic feasibility of fast nuclear fission and fusion power plant. In order to meet this objective, one of the methods is to extend the fuel burnup and decreasing doubling time. The burnup is largely limited by the void swelling and creep resistances of the fuel cladding and wrapping materials. India's 500 \\{MWe\\} Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is in advanced stage of construction. The major structural materials chosen for PFBR with MOX fuel are alloy D9 as fuel clad and wrapper material, 316LN austenitic stainless steel for reactor components and piping and modified 9Cr-1Mo steel for steam generator. In order to improve the burnup further, titanium, phosphorous and silicon contents in alloy D9 have been optimized for better swelling and creep resistances to develop modified version of alloy D9 as IFAC-1. Creep resistance of inherently void swelling resistance 9Cr-ferritic steel has been improved with the dispersion of nano-size yttria to develop oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel clad tube with long- term creep strength, similar to D9, for increasing the fuel burnup. Development of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel clad tube and 9Cr-1Mo steel wrapper for future metallic fuel reactors being developed for reducing the doubling time are in progress. Extensive studies on resistance of this new generation core materials to void swelling are also under progress along with material development. Improved versions of 316LN stainless steel with nitrogen content of about 0.14 wt.% having higher creep strength to increase the life of fast reactor and modified 9Cr-1Mo steel with reduced nitrogen content and controlled addition of boron to improve type IV cracking resistance for steam generator are other developments. India's participation in ITER programme necessitates the development of India-specific RAFM steel for Test Blanket Module (TBM). A comprehensive research programme is being carried out to develop India-specific 9Cr-W-Ta RAFM steel with the optimization of tungsten and tantalum contents for better combination of strength and toughness. Based of the extensive mechanical tests including impact, tensile, creep and fatigue on four heats of RAFM steels having tungsten in the range 1 2 wt. % and tantalum in the range 0.06 -.014 wt., the RAFM steel having 1.4 wt. % tungsten with 0.06 wt. % tantalum is found to possess better combination of strength and toughness. This steel is considered as India-specific RAFM steel and TBM is being manufactured by this RAFM steel. To limit the emission of green house gases, a research and development programme has been initiated to develop advanced ultra super critical fossil fuel fired thermal power plants working at temperature of around 973 K and pressure of 300 bar. High temperature creep strength super 304H austenitic steel and Inconel 617 superalloy tubes are indigenously developed for this purpose.

T. Jayakumar; M.D. Mathew; K. Laha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A simulator for training fossil-fuel power plants operators with an HMI based on a multi-window system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hardware-software architecture for a power plant simulator is presented. The simulator is hosted in a local area network of personal computers and has Windows XP as its operating system. The Human-Machine Interfaces (HMIs) for the operator and the instructor are based on a multi-window system; therefore, they have access to a lot of information inside their respective action field at any moment during the simulation session. In particular, the operator HMI has been designed for being suitable for training power plants operators with modern HMIs, where the operation is based on computer screens. The simulator has been installed in an operators training centre where a group of acceptance tests has been successfully carried out. Currently, the simulator is being used as part of the training courses for fossil-fuel power plant operators.

Jose Tavira Mondragon; Luis Jimenez Fraustro; Guillermo Romero Jimenez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Partial replacement of fossil fuel in a cement plant: Risk assessment for the population living in the neighborhood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In cement plants, the substitution of traditional fossil fuels not only allows a reduction of CO2, but it also means to check-out residual materials, such as sewage sludge or municipal solid wastes (MSW), which should otherwise be disposed somehow/somewhere. In recent months, a cement plant placed in Alcanar (Catalonia, Spain) has been conducting tests to replace fossil fuel by refuse-derived fuel (RDF) from MSW. In July 2009, an operational test was progressively initiated by reaching a maximum of partial substitution of 20% of the required energy. In order to study the influence of the new process, environmental monitoring surveys were performed before and after the RDF implementation. Metals and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were analyzed in soil, herbage, and air samples collected around the facility. In soils, significant decreases of PCDD/F levels, as well as in some metal concentrations were found, while no significant increases in the concentrations of these pollutants were observed. In turn, PM10 levels remained constant, with a value of 16?gm?3. In both surveys, the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks derived from exposure to metals and PCDD/Fs for the population living in the vicinity of the facility were within the ranges considered as acceptable according to national and international standards. This means that RDF may be a successful choice in front of classical fossil fuels, being in accordance with the new EU environmental policies, which entail the reduction of CO2 emissions and the energetic valorization of MSW. However, further long-term environmental studies are necessary to corroborate the harmlessness of RDF, in terms of human health risks.

Joaquim Rovira; Montse Mari; Mart Nadal; Marta Schuhmacher; Jos L. Domingo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Gamma-Ray Bursts: Restarting the Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent gamma-ray burst observations have revealed late-time, highly energetic events that deviate from the simplest expectations of the standard fireball picture. Instead, they may indicate that the central engine is active or restarted at late times. We suggest that fragmentation and subsequent accretion during the collapse of a rapidly rotating stellar core offers a natural mechanism for this.

Andrew King; Paul T. O'Brien; Michael R. Goad; Julian Osborne; Emma Olsson; Kim Page

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the requirements for the Department of Energy, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), for start up of new nuclear facilities and for the restart of existing nuclear facilities that have been shut down. Cancels DOE 5480.31. Canceled by DOE O 425.1A.

1995-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the requirements for the Department of Energy, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), for start up of new nuclear facilities and for the restart of existing nuclear facilities that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1A. Canceled by DOE O 425.1C.

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

42

Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish the requirements for the Department of Energy, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), for start up of new nuclear facilities and for the restart of existing nuclear facilities that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1B. Canceled by DOE O 425.1D

2003-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 2: Coal to Synthetic Natural Gas and Ammonia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost and Performance Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 2: Coal to Synthetic Natural Gas and Ammonia July 5, 2011 DOE/NETL- 2010/1402 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or

44

COMPOUND H Y B R I D GEOTHERMAL-FOSSIL POWER PLANTS BY Ronald DiPippo  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

f f - r h COO-405 1 -44 COMPOUND H Y B R I D GEOTHERMAL-FOSSIL POWER PLANTS BY Ronald DiPippo MASTER Eileen M. Avelar June 1979 Work Performed Under Contract No. EY-76-S-02-4051 Division of Engineering Brown University Providence, Rhode Island U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Geothermal Energy DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product,

45

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants; Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 3c: Natural Gas Combined Cycle at Elevation March 2011 DOE/NETL-2010/1396 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States

46

Accelerating progress toward operational excellence of fossil energy plants with CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

To address challenges in attaining operational excellence for clean energy plants, the National Energy Technology Laboratory has launched a world-class facility for Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTARTM). The AVESTAR Center brings together state-of-the-art, real-time, high-fidelity dynamic simulators with operator training systems and 3D virtual immersive training systems into an integrated energy plant and control room environment. This paper will highlight the AVESTAR Center simulators, facilities, and comprehensive training, education, and research programs focused on the operation and control of an integrated gasification combined cycle power plant (IGCC) with carbon dioxide capture.

Zitney, S.; Liese, E.; Mahapatra, P.; Turton, R. Bhattacharyya, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Dendroecological Evaluation of the Effects of Coal Ash on Tree Growth, Kingston Fossil Plant, Harriman, Tennessee, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Dendroecological Evaluation of the Effects of Coal Ash on Tree Growth, Kingston Fossil Plant boat rides and GIS aerial photographs. Your time and input has been invaluable to this project. I am of coal ash into the Clinch and Emory Rivers, impacting aquatic life as well as terrestrial flora

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

48

POWER PLANT RELIABILITY-AVAILABILITY AND STATE REGULATION. VOLUME 7 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nuclear, geothermal, and fossil-fuel power plants. However,power plants, which are reviewed and licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and relatively few areas of geothermal and

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fossil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Fossil Fossil For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. Fossil energy sources, including oil, coal and natural gas, are non-renewable resources that formed when prehistoric plants and animals died and were gradually buried by layers of rock. Over millions of years, different types of fossil fuels formed -- depending on what combination of organic matter was present, how long it was buried and what temperature and pressure conditions existed as time passed.

50

Pervasive Restart In MOOSE-based Applications  

SciTech Connect

Multiphysics applications are inherently complicated. Solving for multiple, interacting physical phenomena involves the solution of multiple equations, and each equation has its own data dependencies. Feeding the correct data to these equations at exactly the right time requires extensive effort in software design. In an ideal world, multiphysics applications always run to completion and produce correct answers. Unfortunately, in reality, there can be many reasons why a simulation might fail: power outage, system failure, exceeding a runtime allotment on a supercomputer, failure of the solver to converge, etc. A failure after many hours spent computing can be a significant setback for a project. Therefore, the ability to continue a solve from the point of failure, rather than starting again from scratch, is an essential component of any high-quality simulation tool. This process of continuation is commonly termed restart in the computational community. While the concept of restarting an application sounds ideal, the aforementioned complexities and data dependencies present in multiphysics applications make its implementation decidedly non-trivial. A running multiphysics calculation accumulates an enormous amount of state: current time, solution history, material properties, status of mechanical contact, etc. This state data comes in many different forms, including scalar, tensor, vector, and arbitrary, application-specific data types. To be able to restart an application, you must be able to both store and retrieve this data, effectively recreating the state of the application before the failure. When utilizing the Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) framework developed at Idaho National Laboratory, this state data is stored both internally within the framework itself (such as solution vectors and the current time) and within the applications that use the framework. In order to implement restart in MOOSE-based applications, the total state of the system (both within the framework and without) must be stored and retrieved. To this end, the MOOSE team has implemented a pervasive restart capability which allows any object within MOOSE (or within a MOOSE-based application) to be declared as state data, and handles the storage and retrieval of said data.

Derek Gaston; Cody Permann; David Andrs; John Peterson; Andrew Slaughter; Jason Miller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Risk assessment of toxic pollutants from fossil fuel power plants: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the development and application of a methodology for assessing the control costs and chronic health risks of toxic pollutant emissions from coal-fired electric power plants. The approach emphasizes surface water discharges and pollution, but incorporates emissions to air, water, soil, and groundwater and transfers of pollutants between these media. The components of the general framework include (1) pollutant emission characterization, (2) environmental transport and fate analysis, (3) population exposure calculation, and (4) quantitative health risk assessment. The report provides a basic overview of the approach, discusses each component in detail, and describes its application to an hypothetical, simplified case study. 234 refs., 32 figs., 32 tabs.

Bolten, J.G.; Morrison, P.F.; Solomon, K.A.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Fossil Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research and Development Fossil Energy Research and Development Table of Contents Page Appropriation Language .................................................................................................................... FE-3 Overview ............................................................................................................................................ FE-4 Coal .................................................................................................................................................. FE-13

53

Control of SO{sub 2} and NOx emissions from fossil fuel-fired power plants: Research and practice of TPRI  

SciTech Connect

The generation of electric power in China has been dominated by coal for many years. By the end of 1990, total installed generating capacity reached 135 GW, of which fossil fuel-fired plants accounted for 74 percent. The total electricity generated reached 615 TWh, with fossil fuels accounting for 80.5 percent. About 276 million tons of raw coal are consumed in these fossil fuel-burning units per year, accounting for about 25 percent of the total output of the country. According to the government, by the year 2000, the total installed capacity of Chinese power systems should be at least 240 GW, of which fossil fuels will account for about 77 percent. The coal required for power generation will increase to about 530 million tons per year, accounting for about 38 percent of the total coal output. So, it is obvious that coal consumed in coal-fired power plants occupies a very important place in the national fuel balance. The current environmental protection standards, which are based on ground-level concentrations of pollutants, do not effectively lead to the control of pollution emission concentrations or total SO{sub 2} emissions. Due to the practical limitations of the Chinese economy, there is a limited capability to introduce advanced sulfur emission control technologies. Thus, except for the two 360 MW units imported from Japan for the Luohuang Power Plant in Shichuan province, all the other fossil fuel-fired units have not yet adopted any kind of SO{sub 2} removal measures. The Luohuang units are equipped with Mitsubishi limestone flue gas desulfurization systems. Because of the lack of effective pollution control technologies, large areas of the country have been seriously polluted by SO{sub 2}, and some of them even by acid rain.

Ming-Chuan Zhang

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

54

Novel Dual-Functional Membrane for Controlling Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuel Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

CO{sub 2} captured from coal-fired power plants represents three-quarters of the total cost of an entire carbon sequestration process. Conventional amine absorption or cryogenic separation requires high capital investment and is very energy intensive. Our novel membrane process is energy efficient with great potential for economical CO{sub 2} capture. Three classes of microporous sol-gel derived silica-based membranes were developed for selective CO{sub 2} removal under simulated flue gas conditions (SFG), e.g. feed of 10% vol. CO{sub 22} in N{sub 2}, 1 atm total pressure, T = 50-60 C, RH>50%, SO2>10 ppm. A novel class of amine-functional microporous silica membranes was prepared using an amine-derivatized alkoxysilane precursor, exhibiting enhanced (>70) CO{sub 2}:N{sub 2} selectivity in the presence of H{sub 2}O vapor, but its CO{sub 2} permeance was lagging (<1 MPU). Pure siliceous membranes showed higher CO{sub 2} permeance (1.5-2 MPU) but subsequent densification occurred under prolonged SFG conditions. We incorporated NiO in the microporous network up to a loading of Ni:Si = 0.2 to retard densification and achieved CO2 permeance of 0.5 MPU and CO{sub 2}:N{sub 2} selectivity of 50 after 163 h exposure to SFG conditions. However, CO{sub 2} permeance should reach greater than 2.0 MPU in order to achieve the cost of electricity (COE) goal set by DOE. We introduced the atomic layer deposition (ALD), a molecular deposition technique that substantially reduces membrane thickness with intent to improve permeance and selectivity. The deposition technique also allows the incorporation of Ni or Ag cations by proper selection of metallorganic precursors. In addition, preliminary economic analysis provides a sensitivity study on the performance and cost of the proposed membranes for CO{sub 2} capture. Significant progress has been made toward the practical applications for CO{sub 2} capture. (1 MPU = 1.0 cm{sup 3}(STP){center_dot}cm-2{center_dot}min-1{center_dot}atm-1)

C. Brinker; George Xomeritakis; C.-Y. Tsai; Ying-Bing Jiang

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

Fate of As, Se, and Hg in a Passive Integrated System for Treatment of Fossil Plant Wastewater  

SciTech Connect

TVA is collaborating with EPRI and DOE to demonstrate a passive treatment system for removing SCR-derived ammonia and trace elements from a coal-fired power plant wastewater stream. The components of the integrated system consist of trickling filters for ammonia oxidation, reaction cells containing zero-valent iron (ZVI) for trace contaminant removal, a settling basin for storage of iron hydroxide floc, and anaerobic vertical-flow wetlands for biological denitrification. The passive integrated treatment system will treat up to 0.25 million gallons per day (gpd) of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) pond effluent, with a configuration requiring only gravity flow to obviate the need for pumps. The design of the system will enable a comparative evaluation of two parallel treatment trains, with and without the ZVI extraction trench and settling/oxidation basin components. One of the main objectives is to gain a better understanding of the chemical transformations that species of trace elements such as arsenic, selenium, and mercury undergo as they are treated in passive treatment system components with differing environmental conditions. This progress report details the design criteria for the passive integrated system for treating fossil power plant wastewater as well as performance results from the first several months of operation. Engineering work on the project has been completed, and construction took place during the summer of 2005. Monitoring of the passive treatment system was initiated in October 2005 and continued until May 18 2006. The results to date indicate that the treatment system is effective in reducing levels of nitrogen compounds and trace metals. Concentrations of both ammonia and trace metals were lower than expected in the influent FGD water, and additions to increase these concentrations will be done in the future to further test the removal efficiency of the treatment system. In May 2006, the wetland cells were drained of FGD water, refilled with less toxic ash pond water, and replanted due to low survival rates from the first planting the previous summer. The goals of the TVA-EPRI-DOE collaboration include building a better understanding of the chemical transformations that trace elements such as arsenic, selenium, and mercury undergo as they are treated in a passive treatment system, and to evaluate the performance of a large-scale replicated passive treatment system to provide additional design criteria and economic factors.

Terry Yost; Paul Pier; Gregory Brodie

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

56

Los Alamos National Laboratory Omega West Reactor restart  

SciTech Connect

This report is a critical evaluation of the effort for the restart of the Omega West reactor. It is divided into the following areas: progress made; difficulties in restart effort; current needs; and suggested detailed steps for improvement. A brief discussion is given for each area of study.

NONE

1993-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

Convergence Properties of Beale-Powell Restart Y. H. Dai and Y. Yuan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence Properties of Beale-Powell Restart Algorithm Y. H. Dai and Y. Yuan (State Key) Abstract The Beale-Powell restart algorithm is highly useful for large-scale unconstrained optimization to use ;gk + kdk;1 as the restart direction. Beale 11] studied such a restart strategy, which uses ;gk

Yuan, Ya-xiang

58

RADIOLOGICAL HEALTH AND RELATED STANDARDS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 2 OF HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health and Safety Aspects of Pro- posed Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil-FuelHEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUELHealth and Safety Impacts of Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil- Fuel

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Improved Saltstone Facilities Restart Operations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improved Saltstone Facilities Restart Operations Improved Saltstone Facilities Restart Operations Improved Saltstone Facilities Restart Operations September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Savannah River Remediation employees install new equipment in the Saltstone Process Room during the recent outage. Savannah River Remediation employees install new equipment in the Saltstone Process Room during the recent outage. AIKEN, S.C. - The Saltstone Facilities at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have restarted operations following a nine-month planned improvement outage. Improvements to the facilities are expected to provide a new and more reliable system to process larger amounts of decontaminated salt solution needed for future tank closure operations. Saltstone processs and disposes of decontaminated salt solution, reducing the risk of potential

60

Ediacaran Fossils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...organisms are fossilized they are typically flattened. What is of interest is that the evident quilted structure of many of the Edia-caran fauna indicates that these orga-nisms were also of a generally flattened appearance in life. Hence, at least in part...

KENNETH E. CASTER

1984-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fossil Energy Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Energy, the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, the DOE Fossil Energy Clean Coal Technology Program, the DOE Fossil Energy Office of Strategic Petroleum Reserve, and...

62

Assessment of the impacts on health due to the emissions of Cuban power plants that use fossil fuel oils with high content of sulfur. Estimation of external costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuel electricity generation has been demonstrated to be a main source of atmospheric pollution. The necessity of finding out a balance between the costs of achieving a lower level of environmental and health injury and the benefits of providing electricity at a reasonable cost have lead to the process of estimating the external costs derived from these impacts and not included in the electricity prices as a quantitative measure of it that, even when there are large uncertainties involved, can be used by decision makers in the process of achieving a global sustainable development. The external costs of the electricity generation in three Cuban power plants that use fossil fuel oils with high sulfur content have been assessed. With that purpose a specific implementation of the Impact Pathways Methodology for atmospheric emissions was developed. Dispersion of atmospheric pollutants is modeled at local and regional scales in a detailed way. Health impacts include mortality and those morbidity effects that showed relation with the increment of selected pollutant concentration in national studies. The external cost assessed for the three plants was 40,588,309USDyr?1 (min./max.: 10,194,833/169,013,252), representing 1.06USDCentkWh?1. Costs derived from sulfur species (SO2 and sulfate aerosol) stand for 93% of the total costs.

L. Turts Carbonell; E. Meneses Ruiz; M. Snchez Gcita; J. Rivero Oliva; N. Daz Rivero

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Fossil Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Fossil Energy Natural gas production from "shale" formations (fine-grained sedimentary rocks with relatively low permeability that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas) is one of the most rapidly-growing trends in U.S. domestic energy exploration and production. In some cases, this fast expansion has resulted in natural gas drilling and production activity in parts of the country that have seen little or no activity of this type in the recent past. "Natural Gas from Shale" explains the basics, including what shale gas is, where it's found, why it's important, how it's produced, and challenges associated with production. Also included are a list of frequently asked questions, a glossary of major terms, and a list of

64

Boiler and steam generator corrosion: Fossil fuel power plants. (Latest citations from the NTIS Bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning corrosion effects, mechanisms, detection, and inhibition in fossil fuel fired boilers. Fluidized bed combustors and coal gasification are included in the applications. The citations examine hot corrosion, thermal mechanical degradation, and intergranular oxidation corrosion studies performed on the water side and hot gas side of heat exchanger tubes and support structures. Coatings and treatment of material to inhibit corrosion are discussed. Corrosion affecting nuclear powered steam generators is examined in a separate bibliography. (Contains a minimum of 119 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

HS_FossilFuels_Studyguide.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Fuels Fossil Fuels Fossil Energy Study Guide: Fossil Fuels C ontrary to what many people believe, fossil fuels are not the remains of dead dinosaurs. In fact, most of the fossil fuels found today were formed millions of years before the fi rst dinosaurs. Fossil fuels, however, were once alive. Th ey were formed from prehistoric plants and animals that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. Th ink about what the Earth must have looked like 300 million years or so ago. Th e land masses we live on today were just forming. Th ere were swamps and bogs everywhere. Th e climate was warmer. Trees and plants grew everywhere. Strange looking animals walked on the land, and just as weird looking fi sh swam in the rivers and seas. Tiny one-celled organisms called protoplankton fl

66

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products August 6, 2010 - 4:26pm Addthis The Department has issued Notices of Allowance to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company determining, based on corrected test data provided by Westinghouse, that the incandescent reflector lamps listed below are compliant with the federal energy conservation standard and may be sold in the United States. These 11 Westinghouse brand lamps, usually used in recessed light fixtures, correspond to 7 basic models, which are manufactured in China by Fuzhou. DOE had previously issued Notices requiring Fuzhou and Westinghouse to

67

Idaho Site Launches Corrective Actions Before Restarting Waste Treatment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corrective Actions Before Restarting Waste Corrective Actions Before Restarting Waste Treatment Facility Idaho Site Launches Corrective Actions Before Restarting Waste Treatment Facility September 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Pictured here is the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit's off-gas filter following the June incident. Pictured here is the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit's off-gas filter following the June incident. A view of the process piping installations prior to startup of the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit. A view of the process piping installations prior to startup of the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit. Pictured here is the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit's off-gas filter following the June incident. A view of the process piping installations prior to startup of the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit.

68

Restarting TMI unit one: social and psychological impacts  

SciTech Connect

A technical background is provided for preparing an environmental assessment of the social and psychological impacts of restarting the undamaged reactor at Three Mile Island (TMI). Its purpose is to define the factors that may cause impacts, to define what those impacts might be, and to make a preliminary assessment of how impacts could be mitigated. It does not attempt to predict or project the magnitude of impacts. Four major research activities were undertaken: a literature review, focus-group discussions, community profiling, and community surveys. As much as possible, impacts of the accident at Unit 2 were differentiated from the possible impacts of restarting Unit 1. It is concluded that restart will generate social conflict in the TMI vicinity which could lead to adverse effects. Furthermore, between 30 and 50 percent of the population possess characteristics which are associated with vulnerability to experiencing negative impacts. Adverse effects, however, can be reduced with a community-based mitigation strategy.

Sorensen, J.; Soderstrom, J.; Bolin, R.; Copenhaver, E.; Carnes, S.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Can Hybrid Solar-Fossil Power Plants Mitigate CO2 at Lower Cost than PV or CSP?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ISCC plants are being developed in the U.S., India, Mexico, and Egypt. ... In order to receive renewable energy credits, the CEC requires that hybrid plants ...submit with its application ... a proposal for an appropriate method to measure the renewable fraction of the facilitys generation. ...

Jared Moore; Jay Apt

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

70

Cost and Performance Comparison Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants, Volume 3 Executive Summary: Low Rank Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baseline Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 3 Executive Summary: Low Rank Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity September 2011 DOE/NETL-2010/1399 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring

71

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis delays restart Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of restart delay at 5 mins and the baselineg p g p y y y different groups Large systems on an internet... 300 400 500 600 700 ofJobs j Job Restart Delay specifies a...

72

A research needs assessment for the capture, utilization and disposal of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel-fired power plants. Volume 1, Executive summary: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study identifies and assesses system approaches in order to prioritize research needs for the capture and non-atmospheric sequestering of a significant portion of the carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emitted from fossil fuel-fired electric power plants (US power plants presently produce about 7% of the world`s CO{sub 2} emissions). The study considers capture technologies applicable either to existing plants or to those that optimistically might be demonstrated on a commercial scale over the next twenty years. Specific conclusions are as follows: (1) To implement CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration on a national scale will decrease power plant net efficiencies and significantly increase the cost of electricity. To make responsible societal decisions, accurate and consistent economic and environmental analysis of all alternatives for atmospheric CO{sub 2} mitigation are required. (2) Commercial CO{sub 2} capture technology, though expensive and energy intensive, exists today. (3) The most promising approach to more economical CO{sub 2} capture is to develop power plant systems that facilitate efficient CO{sub 2} capture. (4) While CO{sub 2} disposal in depleted oil and gas reservoirs is feasible today, the ability to dispose of large quantities Of CO{sub 2} is highly uncertain because of both technical and institutional issues. Disposal into the deep ocean or confined aquifers offers the potential for large quantity disposal, but there are technical, safety, liability, and environmental issues to resolve. Therefore, the highest priority research should focus on establishing the feasibility of large scale disposal options.

Not Available

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes requirements for verifying readiness for startup of new Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations, and for restart of existing Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1C. Adm Chg 1, dated 4-2-13.

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

74

METHODOLOGIES FOR REVIEW OF THE HEALTH AND SAFETY ASPECTS OF PROPOSED NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL SITES AND FACILITIES. VOLUME 9 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Fossil-Fuel and Geothermal Power Plants", Lawrenceof fossil-fuel and geothermal power plants. Choosing whatfor solid waste in geothermal power plants is the same as

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

An Estimate of the Cost of Electricity from Light Water Reactors and Fossil Plants with Carbon Capture and Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

As envisioned in this report, LIFE technology lends itself to large, centralized, baseload (or 'always on') electrical generation. Should LIFE plants be built, they will have to compete in the electricity market with other generation technologies. We consider the economics of technologies with similar operating characteristics: significant economies of scale, limited capacity for turndown, zero dependence on intermittent resources and ability to meet environmental constraints. The five generation technologies examined here are: (1) Light Water Reactors (LWR); (2) Coal; (3) Coal with Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS); (4) Natural Gas; and (5) Natural Gas with Carbon Capture and Sequestration. We use MIT's cost estimation methodology (Du and Parsons, 2009) to determine the cost of electricity at which each of these technologies is viable.

Simon, A J

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

76

EVSE Features Power Button for Zero Consumption Auto-restart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Button for Zero Consumption Auto-restart Button for Zero Consumption Auto-restart Multi Colored Charge Indicator Led Power Indicator EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-50 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications ETL Listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 16 x 24 x 6 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 208-240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/29/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 208.38 Supply frequency (Hz) 59.99 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 64 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2012 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.07 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.32 EVSE Test Results

77

Steam turbine restart temperature maintenance system and method  

SciTech Connect

A restart temperature maintenance system is described for a steam turbine system; the steam turbine system comprising a steam turbine, the turbine including a rotation shaft, an outer metal shell means. The restart temperature maintenance system consists of: (a) fastener means affixed to the outer surface of the shell means at predetermined positions; (b) air gap spacer means affixed to the outer surface of the shell means, the air gap spacer means substantially covering the shell means; (c) a plurality of electric heating blanket means of predetermined size and shape positioned in insulative relationship over the air gap spacer means and the heating blanket means maintained in predetermined position by the fastener means; (d) heat sensor means affixed to the outer metal shell means of the steam turbine in predetermined position; (e) power supply means for supplying power to the heating blanket means; (f) heat sensor monitor and controller means connected in circuit between the power supply means and the heat sensor means.

McClelland, T.R.

1986-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes requirements for verifying readiness for startup of new Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations, and for restart of existing Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1C. Adm Chg 1, dated 4-2-13, cancels DOE O 425.1D.

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

79

The design and implementation of Berkeley Lab's linuxcheckpoint/restart  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes Berkeley Linux Checkpoint/Restart (BLCR), a linux kernel module that allows system-level checkpoints on a variety of Linux systems. BLCR can be used either as a stand alone system for checkpointing applications on a single machine, or as a component by a scheduling system or parallel communication library for checkpointing and restoring parallel jobs running on multiple machines. Integration with Message Passing Interface (MPI) and other parallel systems is described.

Duell, Jason

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

Fossil fuel furnace reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fossil fuel furnace reactor is provided for simulating a continuous processing plant with a batch reactor. An internal reaction vessel contains a batch of shale oil, with the vessel having a relatively thin wall thickness for a heat transfer rate effective to simulate a process temperature history in the selected continuous processing plant. A heater jacket is disposed about the reactor vessel and defines a number of independent controllable temperature zones axially spaced along the reaction vessel. Each temperature zone can be energized to simulate a time-temperature history of process material through the continuous plant. A pressure vessel contains both the heater jacket and the reaction vessel at an operating pressure functionally selected to simulate the continuous processing plant. The process yield from the oil shale may be used as feedback information to software simulating operation of the continuous plant to provide operating parameters, i.e., temperature profiles, ambient atmosphere, operating pressure, material feed rates, etc., for simulation in the batch reactor.

Parkinson, William J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fossil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Fossil Fossil December 12, 2013 Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects The Energy Department published a solicitation today, making up to $8 billion in loan guarantee authority available to support innovative advanced fossil energy projects that avoid, reduce, or sequester greenhouse gases December 12, 2013 The National Energy Technology Laboratory's chemical looping reactor. This promising approach to capturing carbon dioxide will be among the technologies explored as part of the the Loan Program Office's advanced fossil energy solicitation. | Photo courtesy of the National Energy Technology Laboratory.

82

Keeping checkpoint/restart viable for exascale systems.  

SciTech Connect

Next-generation exascale systems, those capable of performing a quintillion (10{sup 18}) operations per second, are expected to be delivered in the next 8-10 years. These systems, which will be 1,000 times faster than current systems, will be of unprecedented scale. As these systems continue to grow in size, faults will become increasingly common, even over the course of small calculations. Therefore, issues such as fault tolerance and reliability will limit application scalability. Current techniques to ensure progress across faults like checkpoint/restart, the dominant fault tolerance mechanism for the last 25 years, are increasingly problematic at the scales of future systems due to their excessive overheads. In this work, we evaluate a number of techniques to decrease the overhead of checkpoint/restart and keep this method viable for future exascale systems. More specifically, this work evaluates state-machine replication to dramatically increase the checkpoint interval (the time between successive checkpoint) and hash-based, probabilistic incremental checkpointing using graphics processing units to decrease the checkpoint commit time (the time to save one checkpoint). Using a combination of empirical analysis, modeling, and simulation, we study the costs and benefits of these approaches on a wide range of parameters. These results, which cover of number of high-performance computing capability workloads, different failure distributions, hardware mean time to failures, and I/O bandwidths, show the potential benefits of these techniques for meeting the reliability demands of future exascale platforms.

Riesen, Rolf E.; Bridges, Patrick G. (IBM Research, Ireland, Mulhuddart, Dublin); Stearley, Jon R.; Laros, James H., III; Oldfield, Ron A.; Arnold, Dorian (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Brightwell, Ronald Brian

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Fossil energy program. Progress report, July 1980  

SciTech Connect

This report - the seventy-second of a series - is a compendium of monthly progress reports for the ORNL research and development programs that are in support of the increased utilization of coal and other fossil fuel alternatives to oil and gas as sources of clean energy. The projects reported this month include those for coal conversion development, chemical research and development, materials technology, component development and process evaluation, technical support to major liquefaction projects, process and program analysis, fossil energy environmental analysis, coal preparation and waste utilization, coal preparation plant automation, atmospheric fluidized bed coal combustor for cogeneration, technical support to the TVA fluidized bed combustion demonstration plant program, fossil energy applications assessments, performance assurance system support for fossil energy projects, international assessment of atmospheric fluidized bed combustion technology, and PFBC systems analysis.

McNeese, L. E.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

POWER PLANT RELIABILITY-AVAILABILITY AND STATE REGULATION. VOLUME 7 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUELHealth and Safety Impacts of Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil- FuelHealth and Safety Aspects of Pro- posed Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil-Fuel

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

CONTROL OF POPULATION DENSITIES SURROUNDING NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 5 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUELHEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUELHealth and Safety Impacts of Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil- Fuel

Nero, jA.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN CALIFORNIA. VOLUME 4 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUELHealth and Safety Impacts of Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil- FuelHealth and Safety Aspects of Pro- posed Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil-Fuel

Yen, W.W.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Department of Energy - Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 en Department of Energy Releases $8 61 en Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects http://energy.gov/articles/department-energy-releases-8-billion-solicitation-advanced-fossil-energy-projects fossil-energy-projects" class="title-link">Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects

88

RADIOLOGICAL HEALTH AND RELATED STANDARDS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 2 OF HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in U. S. Conunercial Nuclear Power Plants", Report WASH-Related Standards for Nuclear Power Plants," by A.V. NeroResponse Planning for Nuclear Power Plants in California,"

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

RADIOLOGICAL HEALTH AND RELATED STANDARDS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 2 OF HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U. S. Conunercial Nuclear Power Plants", Report WASH-1400 (Standards for Nuclear Power Plants," by A.V. Nero and Y.C.Response Planning for Nuclear Power Plants in California,"

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Fossil Algae in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... TWENTY-FIVE years ago, I reported in Nature J. the discovery of abundant fossil algae in the Cretaceous rocks of South India, especially in one of the limestones belonging ... associated flints and cherts which are their silicified representatives yielded a rich harvest of fossil algae of various kinds; these were studied and described by me in collaboration with Dr. ...

L. RAMA RAO

1958-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

91

Boiler and steam generator corrosion: Fossil-fuel power plants. March 1977-December 1989 (A Bibliography from the NTIS data base). Report for March 1977-December 1989  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains citations concerning corrosion effects, mechanisms, detection, and inhibition in fossil fuel fired boilers. Fluidized bed combustors and coal gasification are included in the applications. Hot corrosion, thermal mechanical degradation, and intergranular oxidation corrosion studies performed on the water side and hot gas side of heat exchanger tubes and support structures are presented. Coatings and treatment of material to inhibit corrosion are discussed. Corrosion affecting nuclear powered steam generators is examined in a separate bibliography. (Contains 88 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

Not Available

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Crop production without fossil fuel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With diminishing fossil fuel reserves and concerns about global warming, the agricultural sector needs to reduce its use of fossil fuels. The objective of this (more)

Ahlgren, Serina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Fossil Energy FY 2009 Budget  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fossil Energy's FY 2009 budget, including request, House and Senate marks, and Omnibus appropriation.

94

METHODOLOGIES FOR REVIEW OF THE HEALTH AND SAFETY ASPECTS OF PROPOSED NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL SITES AND FACILITIES. VOLUME 9 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the health and safety impact of fossil fuel emissions.to public health and safety, of any fossil fuel plant areHEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Department of Energy/Office of Fossil Energys Innovations for Existing Plants Energy-Water R&D Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Technology Laboratory's Power Energy Technology Laboratory's Power Plant-Water R&D Program Thomas J. Feeley, III 1 , Sara Pletcher 1 , Barbara Carney 1 , and Andrea T. McNemar 2 1 U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 2 Science Applications International Corporation, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 ABSTRACT Thermoelectric power plants utilize significant quantities of water for generating electrical energy. For example, a 500 MW power plant that employs once-through cooling uses over 12 million gallons per hour of water for cooling and other process requirements. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates that thermoelectric generation accounts for approximately

96

FOSSIL-FUEL COSTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FOSSIL-FUEL-BASED energy production, mostly from coal and oil, causes $120 billion worth of health and other non-climate-related damages in the U.S. each year that are not figured into the price of energy, says a National Research Council report ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

97

Fossil Energy Advanced Technologies (2008 - 2009) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Advanced Technologies (2008 - 2009) Fossil Energy Advanced Technologies (2008 - 2009) Fossil Energy Advanced Technologies (2008 - 2009) Amendment: Energy and...

98

www.fossil.energy.gov  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) programs are focused on The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) programs are focused on activities related to the reliable, efficient, affordable and en- vironmentally sound use of fossil fuels which are essential to our Nation's security and economic prosperity. FE manages DOE's Fossil Energy Research and Development Program, which includes the CCS Dem- onstration Programs; Carbon Capture and Storage and Power Systems Program; and

99

Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production Praxair Praxair SNL TIAX · Integrated Ceramic Membrane System for H2

100

Fossil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 15, 2012 August 15, 2012 Alex-andra "Ale" Hakala is an award-winning geoscientist at DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory. | Photo from the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Energy Department Lab Researcher Wins HENAAC Award for Outstanding Achievement One of the Energy Department's own talented scientists is recognized with a Great Minds in STEM award. July 26, 2012 Ohio State University (OSU) Professor Liang-Shih Fan shows Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Charles McConnell OSU's coal direct chemical looping reactor. | Photo by Niranjani Deshpande Making Carbon Capture and Storage Efficient and Cost Competitive Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Charles McConnell visited Ohio State University to highlight new Energy Department investments in carbon capture

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Office of Fossil Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office of Fossil Energy Office of Fossil Energy Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Semi-annual Progress Report Reporting Period: November, 2008-April, 2009 Submitted by: Rice University and University of Houston George J. Hirasaki and Walter Chapman, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Gerald R. Dickens, Colin A. Zelt, and Brandon E. Dugan, Earth Science Kishore K. Mohanty, University of Houston May, 2009 DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-06NT42960 Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Phone: 713-348-5416; FAX: 713-348-5478; Email: gjh@rice.edu University of Houston Department of Chemical Engineering 4800 Calhoun Street Houston, TX 77204-4004 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Oil & Natural Gas Technology

102

Fossil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 28, 2010 July 28, 2010 DOE Collaboration with National Geographic's JASON Project Yields Three CODiE Awards The JASON Project's multimedia energy curriculum has earned three CODiE Awards from the Software & Information Industry Association. July 23, 2010 Weekly Wrap-Up: Testing Wind Blades, Converting Carbon Emissions, and Eco-Driving Two Energy Department-funded projects are helping save energy and save money. Find out more here. July 23, 2010 Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities Want to know more about one of the quickest and lowest cost ways we can reduce our carbon footprint and slow climate change? Read this. February 1, 2010 President Requests $760.4 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Obama's FY 2011 budget seeks $760.4 million for the Office of Fossil Energy to support improved energy security and rapid development of

103

Tsiklauri-Durst combined cycle (T-D Cycle{trademark}) application for nuclear and fossil-fueled power generating plants  

SciTech Connect

The Tsiklauri-Durst combined cycle is a combination of the best attributes of both nuclear power and combined cycle gas power plants. A technology patented in 1994 by Battelle Memorial Institute offers a synergistic approach to power generation. A typical combined cycle is defined as the combination of gas turbine Brayton Cycle, topping steam turbine Rankine Cycle. Exhaust from the gas turbine is used in heat recovery steam generators to produce steam for a steam turbine. In a standard combined cycle gas turbine-steam turbine application, the gas turbine generates about 65 to 70 percent of system power. The thermal efficiency for such an installation is typically about 45 to 50 percent. A T-D combined cycle takes a new, creative approach to combined cycle design by directly mixing high enthalpy steam from the heat recovery steam generator, involving the steam generator at more than one pressure. Direct mixing of superheated and saturated steam eliminates the requirement for a large heat exchanger, making plant modification simple and economical.

Tsiklauri, B.; Korolev, V.N.; Durst, B.M.; Shen, P.K.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

The Fossil Record of the Peronosporomycetes (Oomycota)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identified as a parasite. Key words: antheridium, Carboniferous, chert, coal ball, Devonian, fossil water mold, oogonium INTRODUCTION The Peronosporomycetes (also called Peronosporo- mycota, Oomycota or Oomycetes; David 2002) are heterotrophic eukaryotes... that thrive in both aquatic and terrestrial environments where they are effective as saprotrophs and disease-causative agents in plants and animals including humans (Margulis and Schwartz 1998). Within the group are economically important phytopathogens...

Krings, Michael; Taylor, Thomas N.; Dotzler, Nora

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Fossil-energy program. Progress report for June 1981  

SciTech Connect

This report - the eighty-third of series - is a compendium of monthly progress reports for the ORNL research and development programs that are in support of the increased utilization of coal and other fossil fuel alternatives as sources of clean energy. The projects reported this month include those for coal conversion development, chemical research and development, materials technology, component development and process evaluation, technical support to major liquefaction projects, process analysis and engineering evaluations, fossil energy environmental analysis, flue gas desulfurization, coal preparation waste utilization, atmospheric fluidized bed coal combustor for cogeneration, TVA FBC demonstration plant program technical support, PFBC systems analysis, fossil fuel applications assessments, performance assurance system support for fossil energy projects, international energy technology assessment, generalized equilibrium models for liquid and gaseous fuel supplies, analyses of coal production goals, and fossil energy information center.

Not Available

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Adaptive Restart for Accelerated Gradient Schemes Brendan O'Donoghue Emmanuel Cand`es  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptive Restart for Accelerated Gradient Schemes Brendan O'Donoghue Emmanuel Cand`es April 13- matically improve the convergence rate of accelerated gradient schemes. The analysis of the technique relies. In what we refer to as the `high momentum' regime the iterates generated by an accelerated gradient scheme

Candes, Emmanuel J.

107

System studies guiding fossil energy RD & D  

SciTech Connect

The article describes the following recently completed studies, all of which may be accessed on NETL's website: http://netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/ref-shelf.html: Cost and performance baseline for fossil energy power plants - volume 1: bituminous coal and natural gas to electricity (May 2007); Increasing security and reducing carbon emissions of the US transportation sector: a transformational role for coal with biomass (August 2007); Industrial size gasification for syngas, substitute natural gas, and power production (April 2007); and Carbon dioxide capture from existing coal-fired power plants (December 2006). 2 figs.

NONE

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN CALIFORNIA. VOLUME 4 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMERGENCY PLANNING FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: THE LICENSINGEmergency Planning for Nuclear Power Plants Determination ofproposed nuclear power plants . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Yen, W.W.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility Restart Operational Readiness Review Pre- Visit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NNSS-2011-04-28 NNSS-2011-04-28 Site: Nevada National Security Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility Restart Operational Readiness Review Pre- Visit Dates of Activity: 04/25/2011 - 04/28/2011 Report Preparer William Macon Activity Description/Purpose: In coordination with the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Service Center, the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) site lead participated in a pre-visit for the NNSA Operational Readiness Review (ORR) of the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) facility restart conducted April 25-28, 2011. The site lead also participated

110

EIS-0108: L-Reactor Operation, Savannah River Plant, Aiken, South Carolina  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) was prepared to provide environmental input into the proposed decision to restart L-Reactor operation at the Savannah River Plant (SRP). The Savannah River Plant is a major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) installation for the production of defense nuclear materials. The proposed restart of LReactor would provide defense nuclear materials (i.e. , plutonium) to wet current and near-term needs for national defense purposes.

111

Re-START: The second operational test of the String Thermionic Assembly Research Testbed  

SciTech Connect

The second operational test of the String Thermionic Assembly Research Testbed -- Re-START -- was carried out from June 9 to June 14, 1997. This test series was designed to help qualify and validate the designs and test methods proposed for the Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) power converters for use during critical evaluations of the complete ISUS bimodal system during the Engine Ground Demonstration (EGD). The test article consisted of eight ISUS prototype thermionic converter diodes electrically connected in series.

Wyant, F.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Luchau, D. [TEAM Specialty Services, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); McCarson, T.D. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Fossil Energy [Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials] - Nuclear Engineering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Energy Fossil Energy Capabilities Materials Testing Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) of Reactor Materials Corrosion Performance/Metal Dusting Overview Light Water Reactors Fossil Energy Fusion Energy Metal Dusting Publications List Irradiated Materials Steam Generator Tube Integrity Other Facilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Corrosion and Mechanics of Materials Fossil Energy Bookmark and Share Conceptual designs of advanced coal-fired combustion systems require furnaces and heat transfer surfaces that operate at much higher temperatures than those in current coal-fired power plants. The combination of elevated temperatures and hostile combustion environments necessitates the development and application of ceramic materials in these designs.

113

PIA - Fossil Energy Web System (FEWEB) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Fossil Energy Web System (FEWEB) PIA - Fossil Energy Web System (FEWEB) PIA - Fossil Energy Web System (FEWEB) PIA - Fossil Energy Web System (FEWEB) More Documents & Publications...

114

FOSSIL2 energy policy model documentation: FOSSIL2 documentation  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the structure, derivations, assumptions, and mathematical formulation of the FOSSIL2 model. Each major facet of the model - supply/demand interactions, industry financing, and production - has been designed to parallel closely the actual cause/effect relationships determining the behavior of the United States energy system. The data base for the FOSSIL2 program is large, as is appropriate for a system dynamics simulation model. When possible, all data were obtained from sources well known to experts in the energy field. Cost and resource estimates are based on DOE data whenever possible. This report presents the FOSSIL2 model at several levels. Volumes II and III of this report list the equations that comprise the FOSSIL2 model, along with variable definitions and a cross-reference list of the model variables. Volume III lists the model equations and a one line definition for equations, in a short, readable format.

None

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Fossil descriptions: Private collections of fossils are a plus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Paul Barrett and Martin Munt contend that private collections of fossil specimens hold back science because they are not readily accessible (Nature ... , but this need not be the case. The solution lies in closer collaboration between private collectors and palaeontologists. ...

Oliver W. M. Rauhut; Adriana Lpez-Arbarello; Gert Wrheide

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

116

CONTROL OF POPULATION DENSITIES SURROUNDING NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 5 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response Planning for Nuclear Power Plants in California",and Related Standards for Nuclear Power Plants", Lawrencejected lifetime for a nuclear power plant is 40 years, a

Nero, jA.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

POWER PLANT RELIABILITY-AVAILABILITY AND STATE REGULATION. VOLUME 7 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response Planning for Nuclear Power Plants in California,"Densities Surrounding Nuclear Power Plants," by A.V. Nero,Summary of Nuclear Power Plant Operating Experience for

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fossil Energy FY 2015 Budget in Brief  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fossil Energy FY 2015 Budget in Brief document gives highlights to the budget request for the FY 2015 budget request for the Office of Fossil Energy.

119

Fossil Energy Today | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blog » Fossil Energy Today Blog » Fossil Energy Today Fossil Energy Today Fossil Energy Today - a free, quarterly newsletter published by the Office of Fossil Energy Fossil Energy Today - launched in January 2011 - is a free digital newsletter published quarterly by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy. Fossil Energy Today provides you with updates on important activities, progress and other developments within Fossil Energy. To subscribe, please send us an email. Issues Available for Download January 22, 2013 Fossil Energy Today - First Quarter, 2013 Here are just some of the stories featured in this issue: Carbon Storage Partner Completes First Year of CO2 Injection; Atlas Estimates 2,400 Billion Metric Tons of U.S. CO2 Storage Resource; CCUS Projects Making

120

Boiler materials for ultra-supercritical coal power plants - steamside oxidation  

SciTech Connect

The corrosion behavior of tubing materials carrying steam at high temperature is of great concern to fossil power plant operators. This is due to the fact that the oxide films formed on the steam side can lead to major failures and consequently to reduced plant availability. The wall loss of the pressure boundary caused by oxidation can increase the hoop stresses and cause premature creep failures; second, the increased insulation of the tubes due to the low thermal conductivity of the oxide film can lead to increased metal temperature, thereby exacerbating the fireside corrosion as well as creep problems. The third concern is that thicker oxides may spall more easily when the plant is cooled down. On restart, the spalled material may lodge somewhere in the system with the potential for causing tube blockages, or it may be swept out with the working fluid and enter the steam turbine causing erosion damage to the turbine nozzles and blades. Failures of tubing and turbine components by these mechanisms have been widely reported in the United States. In view of the importance of the steamside oxidation, a major study of the phenomenon is being carried out as part of a major national program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and the Ohio Coal Development Office. As a prelude to the experimental work, a literature survey was performed to document the state of the art. Results of the review are reported here.

Viswanathan, R.; Sarver, J.; Tanzosh, J.M. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Startup or Restart Nuclear Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5.1D 5.1D VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR RESTART NUCLEAR FACILITIES DOE O 425.1D Familiar Level June 2011 1 DOE O 425.1D VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR RESTART NUCLEAR FACILITIES FAMILIAR LEVEL _________________________________________________________________________ OBJECTIVES Given the familiar level of this module and the resources, you will be able to perform the following: 1. What is the purpose of DOE O 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Startup or Restart Nuclear Facilities? 2. What are the requirements for determining the level of readiness review [operational readiness reviews (ORRs) and readiness assessments (RAs)]? 3. What are the requirements for determining the startup authorization authority? 4. What are the requirements for startup notification reports?

122

CONTROL OF POPULATION DENSITIES SURROUNDING NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. VOLUME 5 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standards for Nuclear Power Plants," by A.V. Nero and Y.C.Response Planning for Nuclear Power Plants in California,"Densities Surrounding Nuclear Power Plants," by A.V. Nero,

Nero, jA.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Conceptual Design of Optimized Fossil Energy Systems with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Fossil Hydrogen Energy Systems with Carbon Capture andThe Implications Of New Carbon Capture And SequestrationW H SAMMIS WILLOW ISLAND TOTAL Carbon capture In the plant

Ogden, Joan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

fossil fuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fossil fuels fossil fuels Dataset Summary Description Energy intensity data and documentation published by the U.S. DOE's office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). Energy intensity is defined as: amount of energy used in producing a given level of output or activity; expressed as energy per unit of output. This is the energy intensity of the the electricity sector, which is an energy consuming sector that generates electricity. Data are organized to separate electricity-only generators from combined heat and power (CHP) generators. Data is available for the period 1949 - 2004. Source EERE Date Released May 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Electricity Energy Consumption energy intensity fossil fuels renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon electricity_indicators.xls (xls, 2.1 MiB)

125

FOSSIL2 energy policy model documentation: FOSSIL2 documentation  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the structure, derivations, assumptions, and mathematical formulation of the FOSSIL2 model. Each major facet of the model - supply/demand interactions, industry financing, and production - has been designed to parallel closely the actual cause/effect relationships determining the behavior of the United States energy system. The data base for the FOSSIL2 program is large, as is appropriate for a system dynamics simulation model. When possible, all data were obtained from sources well known to experts in the energy field. Cost and resource estimates are based on DOE data whenever possible. This report presents the FOSSIL2 model at several levels. Volumes II and III of this report list the equations that comprise the FOSSIL2 model, along with variable definitions and a cross-reference list of the model variables. Volume II provides the model equations with each of their variables defined, while Volume III lists the equations, and a one line definition for equations, in a shorter, more readable format.

None

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Model-Based Sensor Placement for Component Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis in Fossil Energy Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensor Placement for Sensor Placement for Component Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis in Fossil Energy Systems Background Fossil fuel power plants generate approximately two-thirds of the world's total electricity and are expected to continue this important role in the years ahead. Increasing global energy demands, aging and inefficient power plants, and increasingly stricter emission requirements will require high levels of performance, available capacity, efficiency, and

127

Fossil Energy Research Benefits Carbon Capture and Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Through Office of Fossil Energy (FE) Through Office of Fossil Energy (FE) research and development (R&D), the United States has become a world leader in carbon capture and storage (CCS) science and technology. CCS is a group of technologies for effectively capturing, compressing and transporting, and permanently injecting and storing in geologic formations carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from industrial or power plants. It is one part of a wider portfolio strategy (including greater use of renewable and nuclear energy, and higher efficiencies) that many scientists and nations favor for achieving significant cuts in atmospheric CO 2 emissions. Fossil Energy Research Benefits Carbon Capture and Storage FE and its research facility, the National Energy Technology

128

Fossil energy program. Progress report for May 1980  

SciTech Connect

This report - the seventieth of a series - is a compendium of monthly progress reports for the ORNL research and development programs that are in support of the increased utilization of coal and other fossil fuel alternatives to oil and gas as sources of clean energy. The projects reported this month include those for coal conversion development, chemical research and development, materials technology, component and process evaluation studies, technical support to major liquefaction projects, process analysis and engineering evaluations, fossil energy environmental analysis, coal preparation and waste utilization, coal preparation plant automation, technical support to the TVA fluidized bed combustion demonstration plant program, coal cogeneration/district heating plant assessment, atmospheric fluidized bed coal combustor for cogeneration, performance assurance system support and international energy technology assessment.

McNeese, L.E.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

EVSE Features Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Eight-segment Progress Indicator Auto-restart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Eight-segment Progress Indicator Auto-restart EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-50 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications UL Listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 10 x 13 x 4 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/30/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 209.04 Supply frequency (Hz) 59.99 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 64 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2012 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.09 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.20 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4

130

Asynchronous Checkpoint Migration with MRNet in the Scalable Checkpoint / Restart Library  

SciTech Connect

Applications running on today's supercomputers tolerate failures by periodically saving their state in checkpoint files on stable storage, such as a parallel file system. Although this approach is simple, the overhead of writing the checkpoints can be prohibitive, especially for large-scale jobs. In this paper, we present initial results of an enhancement to our Scalable Checkpoint/Restart Library (SCR). We employ MRNet, a tree-based overlay network library, to transfer checkpoints from the compute nodes to the parallel file system asynchronously. This enhancement increases application efficiency by removing the need for an application to block while checkpoints are transferred to the parallel file system. We show that the integration of SCR with MRNet can reduce the time spent in I/O operations by as much as 15x. However, our experiments exposed new scalability issues with our initial implementation. We discuss the sources of the scalability problems and our plans to address them.

Mohror, K; Moody, A; de Supinski, B R

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fossil Energy RSS Feeds | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Fossil Energy RSS Feeds Fossil Energy RSS Feeds RSS, sometimes known as Really Simple Syndication, is a popular means of sharing content (such as news headlines) without requiring readers to constantly visit a Web site to see what's new. RSS feeds contain headlines and hyperlinks to longer articles or Web pages. RSS feeds from the Office of Fossil Energy provide updates of specific interest to the fossil fuel community. Fossil Energy RSS feeds are free of charge. RSS content can be read using software called an RSS reader, feed reader, or an aggregator, which can be web-based or desktop-based. Click on RSS button below to subscribe to Fossil Energy latest news. All Fossil Energy News Clean Coal Technology News Carbon Capture and Storage News Oil & Natural Gas News

132

Morphometric identification of fossil spiders: Comment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kinchloe Roberts et al. (2008) proposed a technique, using outline-morphometric and linear analyses to permit identification of spider compression fossils to family level. This work focussed on fossil spiders ...

D. Penney; A. M. Langan

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

New Optical Sensor Suite for Ultrahigh Temperature Fossil Fuel Application  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments of a program to develop and demonstrate photonic sensor technology for the instrumentation of advanced powerplants and solid oxide fuel cells are described. The goal of this project is the research and development of advanced, robust photonic sensors based on improved sapphire optical waveguides, and the identification and demonstration of applications of the new sensors in advanced fossil fuel power plants, where the new technology will contribute to improvements in process control and monitoring.

John Coggin; Tom Flynn; Jonas Ivasauskas; Daniel Kominsky; Carrie Kozikowski; Russell May; Michael Miller; Tony Peng; Gary Pickrell; Raymond Rumpf; Kelly Stinson-Bagby; Dan Thorsen; Rena Wilson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

BlobCR: Virtual disk based checkpoint-restart for HPC applications on IaaS clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parallel Distrib. Comput. 73 (2013) 698-711 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jpdc BlobCR: Virtual disk based checkpoint-restart for HPC applications on IaaS clouds Bogdan Nicolae a,∗ , Franck Cappello b,c a IBM Research, Ireland b INRIA Saclay, France c University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9 August 2012 Received in revised form 28 December 2012 Accepted 22 January 2013 Available online 1 February 2013 Keywords: IaaS clouds High performance computing Checkpoint-restart Fault tolerance Virtual disk snapshots Rollback of filesystem changes a b s t r a c t Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) cloud computing is gaining significant interest in industry and academia as an alternative platform for running HPC applications.

135

Definition: Fossil fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Fossil fuels Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Fossil fuels Fuels formed in the Earth's crust over millions of years from decomposed organic matter. Common fossil fuels include petroleum, coal, and natural gas.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms. The age of the organisms and their resulting fossil fuels is typically millions of years, and sometimes exceeds 650 million years. Fossil fuels contain high percentages of carbon and include coal, petroleum, and natural gas. They range from volatile materials with low carbon:hydrogen ratios like methane, to liquid petroleum

136

No Fossil Fuel - Kingston | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

No Fossil Fuel - Kingston No Fossil Fuel - Kingston Jump to: navigation, search Name No Fossil Fuel - Kingston Facility No Fossil Fuel - Kingston Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner No Fossil Fuel LLC Developer No Fossil Fuel LLC Energy Purchaser Net-metered Location Kingston MA Coordinates 41.97388106°, -70.72577477° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.97388106,"lon":-70.72577477,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

137

India Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

India India India Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends India's 2008 total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions rose 8.1% over the 2007 level to 475 million metric tons of carbon. From 1950 to 2008, India experienced dramatic growth in fossil-fuel CO2 emissions averaging 5.7% per year and becoming the world's third largest fossil-fuel CO2-emitting country. Indian total emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement production have more than doubled since 1994. Fossil-fuel emissions in India continue to result largely from coal burning with India being the world's third largest producer of coal. Coal contributed 87% of the emissions in 1950 and 71% in 2008; at the same time, the oil fraction increased from 11% to 20%. Indian emissions data reveal little impact from the oil price increases that

138

Office of Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Fossil Energy Fossil Energy Search Search form Search Office of Fossil Energy Office of Fossil Energy Services Services Home Petroleum Reserves Petroleum Reserves Home Strategic Petroleum Reserve Heating Oil Reserve Naval Reserves International Cooperation Natural Gas Regulation Advisory Committees Science & Innovation Science & Innovation Home Clean Coal Clean Coal Home Turbines Gasification Fuel Cells Hydrogen from Coal Coal to Liquids Major Demonstrations Crosscutting Research Carbon Capture and Storage Carbon Capture and Storage Home Capture Storage Utilization MVA Regional Partnerships Oil & Gas Oil & Gas Home Methane Hydrate LNG Offshore Drilling Enhanced Oil Recovery Shale Gas Mission About Us About Us Home News & Blog News & Blog Home FE Today Press Releases & Techlines

139

Fossil Energy Word Find | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Word Search More Documents & Publications Fossil Energy Crossword Puzzle Coal Study Guide for Elementary School Guide to Low-Emission Boiler and Combustion Equipment Selection...

140

Fossil Energy (WFP) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and in the future. Fossil Energy (WFP) Responsible Contacts Thomas Wheeler Director, Workforce Analysis & Planning Division E-mail thomas.wheeler@hq.doe.gov Phone (202)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Solicitation | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects December 12, 2013 - Attachment C - Summary GHG Emissions Data FINAL July 9, 2014 - Supplement to Loan Guarantee Announcement November...

142

Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Solicitation | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects December 12, 2013 - Attachment C - Summary GHG Emissions Data FINAL July 9, 2014 - Supplement to Loan Guarantee Announcement Press...

143

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2009 7, 2009 CX-000461: Categorical Exclusion Determination Training Graduate and Undergraduate Students in Simulation and Risk Assessment for Carbon Sequestration CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 12/07/2009 Location(s): Golden, Colorado Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory December 7, 2009 CX-000460: Categorical Exclusion Determination Thermal Integration of Carbon Dioxide Compression Processes with Coal-Fired Power Plants Equipped with Carbon Capture CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 12/07/2009 Location(s): Bethlehem, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory December 7, 2009 CX-000459: Categorical Exclusion Determination Molecular Simulation of Dissolved Inorganic Carbons for Underground Brine Carbon Dioxide Sequestration

144

DRAFT. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PILOT PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fossil-fuel intake canals for withdrawing marine waters;Some marine supplies and water are available. Bunker fuels.marine ecosystem effects caused by Pilot Plant operation are associated with the seawater discharge and approximately fossil-fuel

Sullivan, S.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

No Fossils in This Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plan for Environmental Teaching Plan for Environmental Teaching GM Environmental Science Club No Fossils in This Fuel Your PlanET Sixth through Eighth Grades (Can be easily adapted to any elementary/middle school level) Ingredients: Yeast, sugar ... what are you making? Sweet rolls? Not in Science Class! You're blending these ingredients to make an innovative form of fuel! That's right ... when these two simple ingredients are mixed, the yeast  a simple, living organism  breaks the sugar down into ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, and carbon dioxide. While you won't be burning the fuel to prove its usefulness, you can share with your students how ethanol is being used right now to power some of today's vehicles! Students will be able to experiment with the activity, and they will see how the fermentation that occurs can blow up a

146

Design of advanced fossil-fuel systems (DAFFS): a study of three developing technologies for coal-fired, base-load electric power generation. Integrated coal gasification/combined cycle power plant with Texaco gasification process  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are to present the facility description, plant layouts and additional information which define the conceptual engineering design, and performance and cost estimates for the Texaco Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant. Following the introductory comments, the results of the Texaco IGCC power plant study are summarized in Section 2. In Section 3, a description of plant systems and facilities is provided. Section 4 includes pertinent performance information and assessments of availability, natural resource requirements and environmental impact. Estimates of capital costs, operation and maintenance costs and cost of electricity are presented in Section 5. A Bechtel Group, Inc. assessment and comments on the designs provided by Burns and Roe-Humphreys and Glasgow Synthetic Fuel, Inc. are included in Section 6. The design and cost estimate reports which were prepared by BRHG for those items within their scope of responsibility are included as Appendices A and B, respectively. Appendix C is an equipment list for items within the BGI scope. The design and cost estimate classifications chart referenced in Section 5 is included as Appendix D. 8 references, 17 figures, 15 tables.

Not Available

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Design of advanced fossil-fuel systems (DAFFS): a study of three developing technologies for coal-fired, base-load electric power generation. Integrated coal-gasification/combined power plant with BGC/Lurgi gasification process  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this report are to present the facility description, plant layouts and additional information which define the conceptual engineering design, and performance and cost estimates for the BGC/Lurgi Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant. Following the introductory comments, the results of the British Gas Corporation (BGC)/Lurgi IGCC power plant study are summarized in Section 2. In Secion 3, a description of plant systems and facilities is provided. Section 4 includes pertinent performance information and assessments of availability, natural resource requirements and environmental impact. Estimates of capital costs, operating and maintenance costs and cost of electricity are presented in Section 5. A Bechtel Group Inc. (BGI) assessment and comments on the designs provided by Burns and Roe-Humphreys and Glasgow Synthetic Fuels, Inc. (BRHG) are included in Section 6. The design and cost estimate reports which were prepared by BRHG for those items within their scope of responsibility are included as Appendices A and B, respectively. Apendix C is an equipment list for items within the BGI scope. The design and cost estimate classifications chart referenced in Section 5 is included as Appendix D. 8 references, 18 figures, 5 tables.

Not Available

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Fossil Energy Today- Second Quarter, 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here are just some of the stories featured in this issue: NETL Share Computing Speed, Efficiency to Tackle Barriers; Global Collaboration in Clean Fossil Energy; Charles McConnell Confirmed Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy; and, New Catalyst Technology Reduces Diesel Engine Idling.

149

Cost and Performance Baseline for Low-Rank Coal Fossil Energy Plants - Cases S-1A and S-1B Rosebud PRB-Fired Shell Gasifier without and with CO2 Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost and Performance of PC and IGCC Plants Cost and Performance of PC and IGCC Plants for a Range of Carbon Dioxide Capture Revision 1 - September 19, 2013 Original - May 27, 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1498 Carbon Dioxide Capture Sensitivity Analysis Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

150

Projection of world fossil fuels by country  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Detailed projections of world fossil fuel production including unconventional sources were created by country and fuel type to estimate possible future fossil fuel production. Four critical countries (China, USA, Canada and Australia) were examined in detail with projections made on the state/province level. Ultimately Recoverable Resources (URR) for fossil fuels were estimated for three scenarios: Low=48.4 ZJ, Best Guess (BG)=75.7 ZJ, High=121.5 ZJ. The scenarios were developed using Geologic Resources Supply-Demand Model (GeRS-DeMo). The Low and Best Guess (BG) scenarios suggest that world fossil fuel production may peak before 2025 and decline rapidly thereafter. The High scenario indicates that fossil fuels may have a strong growth till 2025 followed by a plateau lasting approximately 50years before declining. All three scenarios suggest that world coal production may peak before 2025 due to peaking Chinese production and that only natural gas could have strong growth in the future. In addition, by converting the fossil fuel projections to greenhouse gas emissions, the projections were compared to IPCC scenarios which indicated that based on current estimates of URR there are insufficient fossil fuels to deliver the higher emission IPCC scenarios \\{A1Fl\\} and RCP8.5.

S.H. Mohr; J. Wang; G. Ellem; J. Ward; D. Giurco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

2012 Annual Planning Summary for Fossil Energy, National Energy...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

for Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, RMOTC, and Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office 2012 Annual Planning Summary for Fossil Energy, National Energy...

152

Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings OIRA Comparison Document Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy...

153

Office of the Assistant General Counsel Electricity & Fossil...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Policy Office of the Assistant General Counsel Electricity & Fossil Energy Office of the Assistant General Counsel Electricity & Fossil Energy The Office of the Assistant...

154

Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. The Advanced Fossil Energy Projects solicitation, authorized by Title XVII...

155

Global Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data (ASCII, Fixed Format) Data graphic Data (ASCII, Fixed Format) Data graphic Data (ASCII, Comma-delimited) Trends Since 1751 approximately 337 billion metric tonnes of carbon have been released to the atmosphere from the consumption of fossil fuels and cement production. Half of these emissions have occurred since the mid 1970s. The 2007 global fossil-fuel carbon emission estimate, 8365 million metric tons of carbon, represents an all-time high and a 1.7% increase from 2006. Globally, liquid and solid fuels accounted for 76.3% of the emissions from fossil-fuel burning and cement production in 2007. Combustion of gas fuels (e.g., natural gas) accounted for 18.5% (1551 million metric tons of carbon) of the total emissions from fossil fuels in 2007 and reflects a gradually increasing global utilization of natural gas. Emissions from

156

Fossil Fuels and Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reducing CO2...emissions, including those from the energy sector, presents a major challenge to the world at large. Fossil fuels provide two-thirds of the worlds electricity, with coal, in particular, the fuel ...

Keith Burnard; Sean McCoy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Loan Guarantee Solicitation  

Energy Savers (EERE)

of production and use, including resource development, energy generation, and end use. Fossil fuels currently account for more than 80 percent of U.S. energy production and are...

158

Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption Reduction for New Construction and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings -- Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0031; RIN 1904-AB96 Disclosure of Permitted...

159

The Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) Clean  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) Clean Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program (1986-1993) laid the foundation for effective technologies now in use that have helped significantly lower emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and airborne particulates (PM 10 ). The program forged cost-sharing partnerships between the U.S. Department of Energy, industry, universities and technology suppliers and users.

160

MSN YYYYMM Value Column Order Description Unit FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MSN YYYYMM Value Column Order Description Unit MSN YYYYMM Value Column Order Description Unit FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu FFPRBUS Total Fossil Fuels Production Quadrillion Btu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Shadow Review of the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Transuranic Storage Area Retrieval Enclosue Restrieval Restart DOE Readiness Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ID-2011-09-22 ID-2011-09-22 Site: Idaho Site - Idaho Cleanup Project Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for the Shadow Review of the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) Transuranic Storage Area-Retrieval Enclosure (TSA-RE) Retrieval Restart Department of Energy Readiness Assessment Dates of Activity : 09/20/2011 - 09/22/2011 Report Preparer: Aleem Boatright Activity Description/Purpose: A review of nuclear safety implementation verification review (IVR) procedures and processes was conducted at the Idaho Site from September 12-22, 2011. The scope originally included shadowing of the Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) Idaho Cleanup Project IVR for the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project (SBWTP).

162

Shadow Review of the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Transuranic Storage Area Retrieval Enclosue Restrieval Restart DOE Readiness Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ID-2011-09-22 ID-2011-09-22 Site: Idaho Site - Idaho Cleanup Project Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for the Shadow Review of the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) Transuranic Storage Area-Retrieval Enclosure (TSA-RE) Retrieval Restart Department of Energy Readiness Assessment Dates of Activity : 09/20/2011 - 09/22/2011 Report Preparer: Aleem Boatright Activity Description/Purpose: A review of nuclear safety implementation verification review (IVR) procedures and processes was conducted at the Idaho Site from September 12-22, 2011. The scope originally included shadowing of the Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) Idaho Cleanup Project IVR for the Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Project (SBWTP).

163

Poland Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Europe Europe » Poland Poland Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends Carbon dioxide emissions from Poland's use of fossil-fuels and cement production climbed at a remarkably steady rate of 3.9% per year from 1800 until 1980, when they dropped abruptly (11.7%). Fossil-fuel CO2 emissions crept back up throughout the 1980s peaking in 1987 at 127 million metric tons of carbon. Since the 1987 high, CO2 emissions have plummeted 32% to early 1970s levels while per capita emissions have dropped to late 1960s levels. Poland is the world's ninth largest producer of coal and emissions are predominantly from coal burning: 97% in 1950 and 68% in 2008. The drop following 1980 is apparent in rates of liquid fuel burning but releases from consumption of petroleum products have returned and surpassed 1980s

164

Japan Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oceania » Japan Oceania » Japan Japan Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends The history of fossil-fuel CO2 emissions from Japan is remarkable for the abrupt change that occurred in 1973. With postwar growth at 9.8% per year from 1950 to 1973, total emissions were virtually constant from 1974-1987. From 1987-96, emissions grew 25.3% reaching 329 million metric tons of carbon. Growth during this period was characterized by a return to mid-1970s consumption levels for liquid petroleum products and increased contributions from coal and natural gas use. Since 1996, Japan's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions have vacilated and now total 329 million metric tons of carbon in 2008. Based on United Nations energy trade data for 2008, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal (184 million metric tons) and

165

FE - Fossil Energy - Energy Conservation Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(1) (1) Office of Fossil Energy Energy Conservation Plan The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) strongly supports the implementation of strategies to reduce energy consumption in the Headquarters buildings. FE engaged its employees by sending an office-wide email soliciting input for this plan; the ideas were then compiled into this document. The focus of this plan is on how FE employees can change their behavior to reduce energy consumption. This plan purposefully excludes measures that would require any significant capital investment. The measures outlined below in each category can be implemented without much effort and with minimal cost and will reduce the energy used by Fossil Energy employees in the Forrestal and Germantown buildings. FE recognizes that transparency is a key element of a successful energy conservation

166

Trace fossil assemblages in selected shelf sandstones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with progradation of the delta. The presence of trace fossils throughout the section, as compared to the lack of burrows in the upper unit of the True Watt A-1 section, can be attributed to the marginal location of the deposits. Santa Fe 13 and Santa Fe 10... with progradation of the delta. The presence of trace fossils throughout the section, as compared to the lack of burrows in the upper unit of the True Watt A-1 section, can be attributed to the marginal location of the deposits. Santa Fe 13 and Santa Fe 10...

Locke, Kathleen Ann

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Paleophysiology of Permian and Triassic Seed Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics of extinct plants, although many of these studies did not involve the direct study of fossil plants. Raven (1977) used published descriptions of early vascular land plants (e.g., rhyniophytes) and knowledge of water and gas exchange in extant..., it was concluded through the use of fossil leaf modeling that the earliest angiosperms had lower gas exchange capacities than their modern counterparts (Feild et al., 2011b). It has also been demonstrated that the increased hydraulic conductance...

Schwendemann, Andrew Benjamin

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants; Volume...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal (PC) Combustion and Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Combustion with and without carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and sequestration using both Powder River Basin (PRB) and...

169

Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants  

SciTech Connect

During this quarter of the no cost extension a cermet composition referred to as EC101 containing a high permeability metal and a ceramic phase was prepared for sealing and permeability testing. Several different types of seals were developed and tested. In addition membrane surface stability was characterized.

Carl R. Evenson; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fuel Plants  

SciTech Connect

This project concerns a diffusion driven desalination (DDD) process where warm water is evaporated into a low humidity air stream, and the vapor is condensed out to produce distilled water. Although the process has a low fresh water to feed water conversion efficiency, it has been demonstrated that this process can potentially produce low cost distilled water when driven by low grade waste heat. This report summarizes the progress made in the development and analysis of a Diffusion Driven Desalination (DDD) system. Detailed heat and mass transfer analyses required to size and analyze the diffusion tower using a heated water input are described. The analyses agree quite well with the current data and the information available in the literature. The direct contact condenser has also been thoroughly analyzed and the system performance at optimal operating conditions has been considered using a heated water/ambient air input to the diffusion tower. The diffusion tower has also been analyzed using a heated air input. The DDD laboratory facility has successfully been modified to include an air heating section. Experiments have been conducted over a range of parameters for two different cases: heated air/heated water and heated air/ambient water. A theoretical heat and mass transfer model has been examined for both of these cases and agreement between the experimental and theoretical data is good. A parametric study reveals that for every liquid mass flux there is an air mass flux value where the diffusion tower energy consumption is minimal and an air mass flux where the fresh water production flux is maximized. A study was also performed to compare the DDD process with different inlet operating conditions as well as different packing. It is shown that the heated air/heated water case is more capable of greater fresh water production with the same energy consumption than the ambient air/heated water process at high liquid mass flux. It is also shown that there can be significant advantage when using the heated air/heated water process with a less dense less specific surface area packed bed. Use of one configuration over the other depends upon the environment and the desired operating conditions.

James F. Klausner; Renwei Mei; Yi Li; Jessica Knight

2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

171

Office of the Assistant General Counsel Electricity & Fossil Energy |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity & Fossil Energy Electricity & Fossil Energy Office of the Assistant General Counsel Electricity & Fossil Energy The Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Electricity and Fossil Energy (GC-76) provides legal support and advice, and policy guidance, to the Department on electricity, fossil energy, energy regulatory and Federal Power Marketing Administration issues. The office is the lead departmental attorney for the Assistant Secretaries for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, and Fossil Energy, and provides legal advice and support on matters pertaining to the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity; natural gas production, transmission, storage, importation and exportation; oil production and storage including the Strategic Petroleum

172

Fossil Energy Materials Program conference proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy has recognized the need for materials research and development to assure the adequacy of materials of construction for advanced fossil energy systems. The principal responsibility for identifying needed materials research and for establishing a program to address these needs resides within the Office of Technical Coordination. That office has established the Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR and TD) Fossil Energy Materials Program to fulfill that responsibility. In addition to the AR and TD Materials Program, which is designed to address in a generic way the materials needs of fossil energy systems, specific materials support activities are also sponsored by the various line organizations such as the Office of Coal Gasification. A conference was held at Oak Ridge, Tennessee on May 19-21, 1987, to present and discuss the results of program activities during the past year. The conference program was organized in accordance with the research thrust areas we have established. These research thrust areas include structural ceramics (particularly fiber-reinforced ceramic composites), corrosion and erosion, and alloy development and mechanical properties. Eighty-six people attended the conference. Papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. (LTN)

Judkins, R.R. (comp.)

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Fossil Gulch Wind Park | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fossil Gulch Wind Park Fossil Gulch Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Fossil Gulch Wind Park Facility Fossil Gulch Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Exergy Development Group/United Materials Developer Exergy Development Group/United Materials Energy Purchaser Idaho Power Location Northwest of Hagerman ID Coordinates 42.814261°, -114.996665° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.814261,"lon":-114.996665,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

174

Assessing Fossil and Recent Carbon Pools in Reclaimed Mined Soils  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-4638 Heino.Beckert@netl.doe.gov Rattan Lal Principal Investigator The Ohio State University Research Foundation 210 Kottman Hall School of Natural Resources Columbus, OH 43210 614-292-9069 lal.1@osu.edu Assessing Fossil And Recent cARbon Pools in ReclAimed mined soils Background There is ample indication that reclaimed mine lands have great capacity to be used to sequester carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) generated by coal-fired utility and industrial power plants. This carbon could offset CO 2 emissions associated with extraction and burning of coal and provide public utilities and other industries with carbon credits. However, the present estimates of carbon pools in reclaimed mined lands are uncertain. This uncertainty is linked primarily

175

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems May 1, 2014 - 9:33am...

176

Implementing Agreement - U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Implementing Agreement - U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy R&D Implementing Agreement - U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy R&D Implementing Agreement - U.S.-UK...

177

Memorandum of Understanding - U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum of Understanding - U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy R&D Memorandum of Understanding - U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy R&D Memorandum of Understanding -...

178

Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Solicitation Public Comments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

U.S. Department of Energy Loan Programs Office: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Solicitation Public Comments

179

2011 Annual Planning Summary for Fossil Energy (FE)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2011 and 2012 within Fossil Energy (FE).

180

Office of Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Fossil Energy Office of Fossil Energy Celebrating a Decade of Carbon Storage Research Through Partnership Lessons learned from the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships. Read more NETL Recognized for Sustainable Buildings A new awards program initiated by DOE recognizes NETL as a high-performance sustainable building Read more National Lab Technology Transfer Making a Difference Technology transfer making it possible to move innovations from lab to marketplace. Read more News November 15, 2013 Energy Department Authorizes Additional Volume at Proposed Freeport LNG Facility to Export Liquefied Natural Gas November 7, 2013 Energy Department Invests to Drive Down Costs of Carbon Capture, Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution September 18, 2013 DOE Awards Management and Operating Contract for DOE's Strategic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^8 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Adrian L. Melott; Bruce S. Lieberman

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

182

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^5 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Melott, A L; Melott, Adrian L.; Lieberman, Bruce S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Fossil energy waste management. Technology status report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the current status and recent accomplishments of the Fossil Energy Waste Management (FE WM) projects sponsored by the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The primary goal of the Waste Management Program is to identify and develop optimal strategies to manage solid by-products from advanced coal technologies for the purpose of ensuring the competitiveness of advanced coal technologies as a future energy source. The projects in the Fossil Energy Waste Management Program are divided into three types of activities: Waste Characterization, Disposal Technologies, and Utilization Technologies. This technology status report includes a discussion on barriers to increased use of coal by-products. Also, the major technical and nontechnical challenges currently being addressed by the FE WM program are discussed. A bibliography of 96 citations and a list of project contacts is included if the reader is interested in obtaining additional information about the FE WM program.

Bossart, S.J.; Newman, D.A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Review of the Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities, June 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pantex Site Office's Compliance with Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities June 2012 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1 1.0 Purpose .................................................................................................................................................. 1 2.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Assessment Methodologies and Approach ........................................................................................... 1

185

Review of the Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities, June 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pantex Site Office's Compliance with Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities June 2012 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1 1.0 Purpose .................................................................................................................................................. 1 2.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Assessment Methodologies and Approach ........................................................................................... 1

186

Qualification of New, Commercial Oxide Dispersion-Strengthened Alloys for Use in Advanced Fossil Processes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualification of New, Commercial Oxide Qualification of New, Commercial Oxide Dispersion-Strengthened Alloys for Use in Advanced Fossil Processes Background Advanced higher-efficiency power generation plants would typically operate at higher temperatures and pressures than existing fleet, and would require materials that can withstand operations at these higher temperatures and pressures. Special ferritic alloys of iron called oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) steel have the

187

Meeting today's challenges to supply tomorrow's energy. Clean fossil energy technical and policy seminar  

SciTech Connect

Papers discussed the coal policy of China, Russia, Indonesia and Vietnam; clean coal technology (small-scale coal power plants, carbon capture and sequestration, new coking process SCOPE21, coal gasification (HyPr-RING), CO{sub 2} reduction technology, Supercritical coal-fired units and CFB boilers, EAGLE project, coal liquefaction), the coal consumer's view of clean fossil energy policy, and natural gas policy and technology. Some of the papers only consist of the presentation overheads/viewgraphs.

NONE

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Fossil Energy. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD February 6, 2013 CX-009797: Categorical Exclusion Determination Eni USA Gas Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 02/06/2013 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Fossil Energy January 15, 2013 CX-009796: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sempra Liquid Natural Gas Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 01/15/2013 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Fossil Energy January 15, 2013 CX-009533: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sempra LNG Marketing, Inc. CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 01/15/2013 Location(s): California, Louisiana Offices(s): Fossil Energy November 29, 2012 CX-009523: Categorical Exclusion Determination

189

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Fossil Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Fossil Energy. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD February 6, 2013 CX-009797: Categorical Exclusion Determination Eni USA Gas Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 02/06/2013 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Fossil Energy January 15, 2013 CX-009796: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sempra Liquid Natural Gas Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 01/15/2013 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Fossil Energy January 15, 2013 CX-009533: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sempra LNG Marketing, Inc. CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 01/15/2013 Location(s): California, Louisiana Offices(s): Fossil Energy November 29, 2012 CX-009523: Categorical Exclusion Determination

190

A techno-economic plant- and grid-level assessment of flexible CO2 capture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon dioxide (CO?) capture and sequestration (CCS) at fossil-fueled power plants is a critical technology for CO? emissions mitigation during the transition to a sustainable (more)

Cohen, Stuart Michael, 1984-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Congressional House Senate Request Marks Marks FOSSIL ENERGY R&D  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 FY 2013 FY 2013 ($ in thousands) Congressional House Senate Request Marks Marks FOSSIL ENERGY R&D Coal 275,869 384,294 301,622 Natural Gas Technologies 17,000 17,000 22,000 Unconventional Fossil Energy Technologies 0 25,000 5,000 Program Direction 115,753 115,753 120,000 Plant & Capital Equipment 13,294 13,294 13,294 Environmental Restoration 5,897 5,897 5,897 Special Recruitment Program 700 700 700 Subtotal, Fossil Energy R&D 428,513 561,938 468,513 Use of prior year balances -7,938 -7,938 -7,938 Rescission of prior year balances 0 0 0 TOTAL FOSSIL ENERGY R&D 420,575 554,000 460,575 STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE Facilities Development 195,609 195,609 195,609 Rescission of prior year balances 0 0 0 Use of prior year balances 0 0 0 TOTAL, STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE

192

Fossil Energy Research Benefits Enhanced Oil Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Research Benefits Energy Research Benefits Enhanced Oil Recovery EOR helps increase domestic oil supplies while also providing a way to safely and permanently store CO 2 underground. Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) is a way to squeeze out additional, hard- to-recover barrels of oil remaining in older fields following conventional production operations. It can also be used to permanently store carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) underground. Thanks in part to innovations supported by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) over the past 30 years, the United States is a world leader in the number of EOR projects (200) and volume of oil production (over

193

Historically Black Colleges and Universities Receive Funds for Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historically Black Colleges and Universities Receive Funds for Historically Black Colleges and Universities Receive Funds for Fossil Energy Research Historically Black Colleges and Universities Receive Funds for Fossil Energy Research August 15, 2013 - 1:18pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Five fossil energy-related projects that will help maintain the nation's energy portfolio while also providing educational and research training opportunities for tomorrow's scientists and engineers have been selected for funding by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The funding opportunity to enhance scientific and technical understanding of conversion and utilization of fossil fuels is through the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The DOE program involved is the Support of Advanced Fossil Resource Utilization

194

Fossil Energy Research Efforts in Carbon Capture and Storage | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Research Efforts in Carbon Capture and Storage Fossil Energy Research Efforts in Carbon Capture and Storage Fossil Energy Research Efforts in Carbon Capture and Storage May 14, 2009 - 1:54pm Addthis Statement of Dr. Victor K. Der, Acting Assistant Secretary, Office of Fossil Energy before the Energy and Natural Resources Committee, United States Senate. Thank you, Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee. I appreciate this opportunity to provide testimony on the United States Department of Energy's (DOE's) research efforts in carbon capture and storage. The Department of Energy has not had an opportunity to fully analyze S. 1013, and therefore, cannot take a position on the bill at this time. Introduction Fossil fuel resources represent a tremendous national asset. An abundance of fossil fuels in North America has contributed to our Nation's economic

195

Fossil and biogenic CO{sub 2} from waste incineration based on a yearlong radiocarbon study  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Yearlong radiocarbon study on the share of biogenic CO{sub 2} from waste incineration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Direct approach combining temporal integrating gas sampling and {sup 14}CO{sub 2} analysis by AMS. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Significant differences between incinerators with 43% and 54%Fos C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer No annual cycle of fossil CO{sub 2} for all, except one, of the included incinerators. - Abstract: We describe the first long-term implementation of the radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) method to study the share of biogenic (%Bio C) and fossil (%Fos C) carbon in combustion CO{sub 2}. At five Swiss incinerators, a total of 24 three-week measurement campaigns were performed over 1 year. Temporally averaged bag samples were analyzed for {sup 14}CO{sub 2} by accelerator mass spectrometry. Significant differences between the plants in the share of fossil CO{sub 2} were observed, with annual mean values from 43.4 {+-} 3.9% to 54.5 {+-} 3.1%. Variations can be explained by the waste composition of the respective plant. Based on our dataset, an average value of 48 {+-} 4%Fos C was determined for waste incineration in Switzerland. No clear annual trend in %Fos C was observed for four of the monitored incinerators, while one incinerator showed considerable variations, which are likely due to the separation and temporary storage of bulky goods.

Mohn, J., E-mail: joachim.mohn@empa.ch [Empa, Laboratory for Air Pollution and Environmental Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Duebendorf (Switzerland); Szidat, S. [University of Bern, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Oeschger Center for Climate Change Research, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Berne (Switzerland); Zeyer, K.; Emmenegger, L. [Empa, Laboratory for Air Pollution and Environmental Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Duebendorf (Switzerland)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fossil Energy Technical Assistance Topic Areas | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in the Office of Fossil Energy EPA Regulations - Analysis to Support Planning Contact: Jordan Kislear Storage Infrastructure Contact: Mark Ackiewicz Major Demonstrations Contact:...

197

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions AgencyCompany Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background...

198

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fossil fuel sales continually flow into the DOI program offices, and those programs also conduct audit activities that may result, over time, in changes in the previously reported...

199

Fossil Energy Today - First Quarter, 2011 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Topics In This Issue... NETL's High Speed Imaging System Welcome to Fossil Energy Today Carbon Sequestration Atlas Coal-Fired Project of the Year National Risk Assessment Program...

200

Christopher A. Smith Confirmed as Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Christopher A. Smith was confirmed by the Senate on Tuesday, December 16th, 2014, as the Department of Energys Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy.

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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201

Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

the Year Awards February 19, 2013 - 8:54am Addthis Director Dot Harris presents Chris Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary of Fossil Energy,...

202

Fossil Fuels Without CO2 Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...develop a zero-emission electric plant that exploits...moderate marginal cost. In electric plants, even present...decentralized sources as vehicles, home furnaces, or...participate. Unlike the electric sector, the required...sequestrationa tax rebate or creation...

E. A. Parson; D. W. Keith

1998-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

203

INNOVATIVE FOSSIL FUEL FIRED VITRIFICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR SOIL REMEDIATION  

SciTech Connect

This Summary Report summarizes the progress of Phases 3, 3A and 4 of a waste technology Demonstration Project sponsored under a DOE Environmental Management Research and Development Program and administered by the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory-Morgantown (DOE-NETL) for an ''Innovative Fossil Fuel Fired Vitrification Technology for Soil Remediation''. The Summary Reports for Phases 1 and 2 of the Program were previously submitted to DOE. The total scope of Phase 3 was to have included the design, construction and demonstration of Vortec's integrated waste pretreatment and vitrification process for the treatment of low level waste (LLW), TSCA/LLW and mixed low-level waste (MLLW). Due to funding limitations and delays in the project resulting from a law suit filed by an environmental activist and the extended time for DOE to complete an Environmental Assessment for the project, the scope of the project was reduced to completing the design, construction and testing of the front end of the process which consists of the Material Handling and Waste Conditioning (MH/C) Subsystem of the vitrification plant. Activities completed under Phases 3A and 4 addressed completion of the engineering, design and documentation of the Material Handling and Conditioning System such that final procurement of the remaining process assemblies can be completed and construction of a Limited Demonstration Project be initiated in the event DOE elects to proceed with the construction and demonstration testing of the MH/C Subsystem.

J. Hnat; L.M. Bartone; M. Pineda

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

204

Publications of the Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program: April 1, 1993--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR and TD) Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with a focus on the longer-term needs for materials with general applicability to the various fossil fuel technologies. The Program includes research aimed at a better understanding of materials behavior in fossil energy environments and on the development of new materials capable of substantial improvement in plant operations and reliability. The scope of the Program addresses materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including materials for coal preparation, coal liquefaction, coal gasification, heat engines and heat recovery, combustion systems, and fuel cells. Work on the Program is conducted at national and government laboratories, universities, and industrial research facilities. This bibliography covers the period of April 1, 1993, through March 31, 1995, and is a supplement to previous bibliographies in this series. It is the intent of this series of bibliographies to list only those publications that can be conveniently obtained by a researcher through relatively normal channels. The publications listed in this document have been limited to topical reports, open literature publications in refereed journals, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, full-length papers in unrefereed journals, and books and book articles. 159 refs.

Carlson, P.T. [comp.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Insect Trace Fossil Associations in Paleosols: The Coprinisphaera Ichnofacies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Namibia Sossus Sand (Khommabes Car-bonates) Late Pleistocene...from the Pleistocene Khommabes Car-bonates of Namibia are not...1993, Trace fossils from a Car-boniferous turbiditic lake...1985, Trace fossils from the Panther Member, Star Point Formation...

JORGE F. GENISE; M. GABRIELA MNGANO; LUIS A. BUATOIS; JOS H. LAZA; MARIANO VERDE

206

Environmental Law and Fossil Fuels: Barriers to Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article is concerned with renewable energys too-slow transition and with how existing legal regimes work to preserve fossil energy dominance. It develops from two related claims: that an implicit support structure for fossil energy is written...

Outka, Uma

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Combating global warming via non-fossil fuel energy options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Non-fossil fuel energy options can help reduce or eliminate the emissions of greenhouse gases and are needed to combat climate change. Three distinct ways in which non-fossil fuel options can be used in society are examined here: the capture/production of non-fossil fuel energy sources, their conversion into appropriate energy carriers and increased efficiency throughout the life cycle. Non-fossil fuel energy sources are insufficient to avoid global warming in that they are not necessarily readily utilisable in their natural forms. Hydrogen energy systems are needed to facilitate the use of non-fossil fuels by converting them to two main classes of energy carriers: hydrogen (and hydrogen-derived fuels) and electricity. High efficiency is needed to allow the greatest benefits to be attained from energy options in terms of climate change and other factors. A case study is considered involving the production of hydrogen from non-fossil energy sources via thermochemical water decomposition. Thermochemical water decomposition provides a realistic future non-fossil fuel energy option, which can be driven by non-fossil energy sources (particularly nuclear or solar energy) and help combat global warming.

Marc A. Rosen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Fossil Energy Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Request | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Request Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Request Fossil Energy Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Request March 30, 2011 - 2:40pm Addthis Statement of Dr. Victor Der, Acting Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy before the House Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development. Mr. Chairman, Members of the Committee, it is my pleasure to appear before you today to present the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) proposed Budget for Fiscal Year 2012. The Office of Fossil Energy's primary objective is to ensure that we can continue to utilize our traditional fuel sources for clean, affordable, reliable energy. Fossil fuels currently provide 83 percent of U.S. energy consumption and are expected to continue to play a critical role in meeting our Nation's energy needs for the foreseeable future. Making use of these

209

Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Grants |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Grants Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Grants July 28, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy has selected four universities to receive grants under the department's annual competition for fossil energy research ideas from Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions (HBCU/OMI). "I want to congratulate the winners of this year's competition, and thank them for their hard work," said Charles McConnell, Chief Operating Officer of DOE's Office of Fossil Energy. "Identifying the next generation of leaders and innovators is one of the keys to strengthening our economy and creating the clean energy jobs of tomorrow."

210

Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Engineer of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Engineer of the Year Awards Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Engineer of the Year Awards February 19, 2013 - 8:54am Addthis Director Dot Harris presents Chris Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary of Fossil Energy, with a professional achievement award at the Black Engineer of the Year Awards conference this February. Photo Credit: Nancy Jo Brown/106FOTO Director Dot Harris presents Chris Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary of Fossil Energy, with a professional achievement award at the Black Engineer of the Year Awards conference this February. Photo Credit: Nancy Jo Brown/106FOTO Dot Harris Dot Harris

211

Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution Energy Department Releases Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Pollution July 2, 2013 - 12:42pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Washington, D.C. - As part of President Obama's Climate Action Plan, the U.S. Department of Energy announced today a draft loan guarantee solicitation for innovative and advanced fossil energy projects and facilities that substantially reduce greenhouse gas and other air pollution. The Advanced Fossil Energy Projects solicitation, authorized by Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 through Section 1703 of the Loan Guarantee Program, does just that. The draft solicitation will be open

212

Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. Demand for Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. Demand for Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. Demand for Fossil Fuels Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. Demand for Fossil Fuels Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy. nepdg_251_500.pdf. Demand for Fossil Fuels. Renewable sources of power. Demand for fossil fuels surely will overrun supply sooner or later, as indeed it already has in the casc of United States domestic oil drilling. Recognition also is growing that our air and land can no longer absorb unlimited quantities of waste from fossil fuel extraction and combustion. As that day draws nearer, policymakers will have no realistic alternative but to turn to sources of power that today make up a viable but small part of America's energy picture. And they will be

213

People's Republic of China Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Asia Asia » People's Republic of China People's Republic of China Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends According to reported energy statistics, coal production and use in China has increased ten-fold since the 1960s. As a result, Chinese fossil-fuel CO2 emissions have more than doubled 2000 alone. At 1.92 billion metric tons of carbon in 2008, the People's Republic of China is the world's largest emitter of CO2 due to fossil-fuel use and cement production. Even with the reported decline in Chinese emissions from 1997 to 1999, China's industrial emissions of CO2 have grown phenomenally since 1950, when China stood tenth among nations based on annual fossil-fuel CO2 emissions. From 1970 to 1997, China's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions grew at an annual rate of

214

Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Engineer of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Engineer of the Year Awards Fossil Energy Acting Assistant Secretary Recognized at Black Engineer of the Year Awards February 19, 2013 - 8:54am Addthis Director Dot Harris presents Chris Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary of Fossil Energy, with a professional achievement award at the Black Engineer of the Year Awards conference this February. Photo Credit: Nancy Jo Brown/106FOTO Director Dot Harris presents Chris Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary of Fossil Energy, with a professional achievement award at the Black Engineer of the Year Awards conference this February. Photo Credit: Nancy Jo Brown/106FOTO Dot Harris Dot Harris

215

FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollution FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollution July 2, 2013 - 12:16pm Addthis What are the key facts? This solicitation will support projects that avoid, reduce, or sequester air pollutants or greenhouse gas emissions, an important part of the Administration's long-term plan towards a cleaner and more secure energy future. Applications for projects and facilities include any fossil technology that is new or significantly improved, as compared to commercial technologies in service in the U.S. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Loan Programs Office is releasing a new draft loan guarantee solicitation for innovative and advanced fossil energy

216

Fossil Energy Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Request | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Request Energy Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Request Fossil Energy Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Request March 17, 2010 - 1:12pm Addthis Mr. Chairman, Members of the Committee, it is my pleasure to appear before you today to present the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) proposed Budget for Fiscal Year 2011 (FY 2011). The Office of Fossil Energy's primary objective is to ensure that we can continue to utilize our traditional fuel sources for clean, affordable, reliable energy. Fossil fuels are anticipated to play a critical role in meeting our Nation's future energy needs. Making use of the Nation's fossil fuel assets in an environmentally responsible manner will help the United States to meet its energy requirements, minimize detrimental environmental impacts, positively contribute to energy security and compete

217

FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollution FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollution July 2, 2013 - 12:16pm Addthis What are the key facts? This solicitation will support projects that avoid, reduce, or sequester air pollutants or greenhouse gas emissions, an important part of the Administration's long-term plan towards a cleaner and more secure energy future. Applications for projects and facilities include any fossil technology that is new or significantly improved, as compared to commercial technologies in service in the U.S. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Loan Programs Office is releasing a new draft loan guarantee solicitation for innovative and advanced fossil energy

218

Fossil Energy FY 2014 Appropriations Hearing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FY 2014 Appropriations Hearing FY 2014 Appropriations Hearing Fossil Energy FY 2014 Appropriations Hearing March 14, 2013 - 1:36pm Addthis Statement of Christopher Smith, Acting Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy before the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development. Mr. Chairman, Madam Ranking Member, and Members of the Committee, it is my pleasure to appear before you today to discuss the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) programs. Our fossil fuel resources are essential to the Nation's security and economic prosperity. The Office of Fossil Energy's primary mission is to ensure that the U.S. can continue to utilize those traditional fuel sources for clean, affordable, reliable energy. Technology development is critical to this mission. FE's Research and Development (FER&D) program

219

NETL: News Release - Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2006 9, 2006 Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Grants Projects Advance Concepts in Fossil Fuel Conversion and Utilization WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded grants to four institutions for energy research through the Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions (HBCU/OMI) program. "It is indeed gratifying to see the creativity and technical expertise of our HBCU/OMI college students applied to the resolution of critical energy issues," said Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Jeffrey Jarrett. "The bright minds and enthusiasm that the students bring to the program are essential to fossil energy research in the 21st century." The HBCU/OMI program is carried out under DOE's Office of Fossil Energy. The program gives minority students valuable hands-on experience in developing technologies to promote the efficient and environmentally safe use of coal, oil, and natural gas. The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) will manage the projects.

220

Contacts for the Assistant General Counsel for Electricity and Fossil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity and Fossil Energy Electricity and Fossil Energy Contacts for the Assistant General Counsel for Electricity and Fossil Energy Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Electricity & Fossil Energy (GC-76) Steven A. Porter, Assistant General Counsel for Electricity & Fossil Energy 202-586-4219 Steven.Porter@hq.doe.gov Bettie Corey, Administrative Support Specialist 202-586-9507 bettie.corey@hq.doe.gov Subject Matter Attorney Contacts Electricity Delivery Energy Reliability Energy Emergency Lot Cooke 202-586-0503 Critical Infrastructure Protection Becca Smith 202-586-6335 International Electricity Natural Gas Imports and Exports Strategic Petroleum Reserve Mike Skinker 202-586-2793 Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Natural Gas Including LNG Ed Myers 202-586-3397 Clean Coal Ed Myers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Energy Department's Fossil Energy Chief to Tour Western Michigan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Chief to Tour Western Michigan Fossil Energy Chief to Tour Western Michigan University's Clean Coal Research Facilities, Host Business Roundtable Energy Department's Fossil Energy Chief to Tour Western Michigan University's Clean Coal Research Facilities, Host Business Roundtable June 26, 2012 - 10:51am Addthis Assistant Energy Secretary for Fossil Energy Charles McConnell will join Western Michigan University President John M. Dunn and Core Energy CEO Bob Mannes to tour WMU's cutting-edge facilities at the Michigan Geological Repository for Research and Education. NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Tomorrow, Wednesday, June 27, 2012, Assistant Energy Secretary for Fossil Energy Charles McConnell will join Western Michigan University President John M. Dunn and Core Energy CEO Bob Mannes to tour

222

Modeling Generator Power Plant Portfolios and Pollution Taxes in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Generator Power Plant Portfolios and Pollution Taxes in Electric Power Supply Chain-term solution (e.g.,are long-term solution (e.g., solar power and wind power (solar power and wind power Heavy user of fossil fuels:Heavy user of fossil fuels: Electric power industryElectric power industry

Nagurney, Anna

223

The Effect of Power Plants on Local Housing Values and Rents: Evidence from Restricted Census Microdata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current trends in electricity consumption imply that hundreds of new fossil-fuel power plants will be built in the United States over the next several decades. Power plant siting has become increasingly contentious, in ...

Davis, Lucas W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Microsoft Word - Solar Plant Reference_r2_May06.doc  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

The electric output of the plant will be provided entirely by solar energy. No electricity will be generated by the use of fossil fuel. A dry-cooled plant provides about 5...

225

Antelope-Fossil Rebuild Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

The Columbia Power Cooperative Association (CPCA), Monument, Oregon, proposes to upgrade a 69-kV transmission line in Wasco and Wheeler Counties, Oregon, between the Antelope Substation and the Bonneville Power Administration`s (BPA) Fossil Substation. The project involves rebuilding and reconductoring 23.2 miles of transmission line, including modifying it for future use at 115 kV. Related project activities will include setting new wood pole structures, removing and disposing of old structures, conductors, and insulators, and stringing new conductor, all within the existing right-of-way. No new access roads will be required. A Borrower`s Environmental Report was prepared for the 1992--1993 Work Plan for Columbia Power Cooperative Association in March 1991. This report investigated cultural resources, threatened or endangered species, wetlands, and floodplains, and other environmental issues, and included correspondence with appropriate Federal, state, and local agencies. The report was submitted to the Rural Electrification Administration for their use in preparing their environmental documentation for the project.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Antelope-Fossil Rebuild Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

The Columbia Power Cooperative Association (CPCA), Monument, Oregon, proposes to upgrade a 69-kV transmission line in Wasco and Wheeler Counties, Oregon, between the Antelope Substation and the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Fossil Substation. The project involves rebuilding and reconductoring 23.2 miles of transmission line, including modifying it for future use at 115 kV. Related project activities will include setting new wood pole structures, removing and disposing of old structures, conductors, and insulators, and stringing new conductor, all within the existing right-of-way. No new access roads will be required. A Borrower's Environmental Report was prepared for the 1992--1993 Work Plan for Columbia Power Cooperative Association in March 1991. This report investigated cultural resources, threatened or endangered species, wetlands, and floodplains, and other environmental issues, and included correspondence with appropriate Federal, state, and local agencies. The report was submitted to the Rural Electrification Administration for their use in preparing their environmental documentation for the project.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Evaluation of hybrid solar/fossil Rankine-cooling concept  

SciTech Connect

The hybrid solar/fossil Rankine cycle is analyzed thermodynamically to determine fuel use and efficiency. The hybrid system is briefly compared with solar organic Rankine systems with a fossil fuel auxiliary mode, and with geothermal resources. The economic evaluation compares the present value of the superheater fuel cost over the system lifetime with the first cost reduction obtained by substituting a hybrid solar/fossil Rankine engine for an organic Rankine engine. The economics analysis indicates that even if the hybrid solar/fossil Rankine cooling system were developed to the point of being a commercial product with an economic advantage over an otherwise equivalent solar organic Rankine cooling system, it would gradually lose that advantage with rising fuel costs and decreasing collector costs. From the standpoint of national fossil fuel conservation, the hybrid concept would be preferable only in applications where the operating duration in the solar/fossil mode would be substantially greater than in the fossil fuel-only auxiliary mode. (LEW)

Curran, H M

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

President Requests $711.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

President Obamas FY 2015 budget seeks $711.0 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to advance technologies related to the reliable, efficient, affordable and environmentally sound use of fossil fuels as well as manage the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating oil Reserve to provide strategic and economic security against disruptions in U.S. oil supplies. The request includes $475.5 million for Fossil Energy Research and Development, $205.0 million for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, $1.6 million for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve and $19.95 million for the Naval Petroleum Reserves.

229

Fossil energy use in conventional and low-external-input cropping systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The production of fossil fuels will crest within the next decade and with reliance of modern conventional agriculture on fossil fuel energy inputs, food production (more)

Cruse, Michael James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - assess fossil fuel Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 6 EARTH'S CLIMATE, THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT, AND ENERGY Summary: ,PgCyr Fossil Fuel Emissions Fossil Fuel - Marland...

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric fossil fuel Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 10 EARTH'S CLIMATE, THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT, AND ENERGY Summary: ,PgCyr Fossil Fuel Emissions Fossil Fuel - Marland...

232

A Survey of Power Plant Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is mixed with compressed air in the combustion chamber and burned. High-pressure combustion gases spin;Sustainable Energy, MIT 2005. #12;Allen Fossil Plant is on the Mississippi River five miles southwest (TVA), http://www.tva.gov #12;Coal fired Plant Otpco.com Fuel handling (1) Rotary dumper (2) Storage

Ervin, Elizabeth K.

233

INNOVATIVE FOSSIL FUEL FIRED VITRIFICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR SOIL REMEDIATION  

SciTech Connect

This Final Report summarizes the progress of Phases 3,3A and 4 of a waste technology Demonstration Project sponsored under a DOE Environmental Management Research and Development Program and administered by the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory-Morgantown (DOE-NETL) for an ''Innovative Fossil Fuel Fired Vitrification Technology for Soil Remediation''. The Summary Reports for Phases 1 and 2 of the Program were previously submitted to DOE. The total scope of Phase 3 was to have included the design, construction and demonstration of Vortec's integrated waste pretreatment and vitrification process for the treatment of low level waste (LLW), TSCA/LLW and mixed low-level waste (MLLW). Due to funding limitations and delays in the project resulting from a law suit filed by an environmental activist and the extended time for DOE to complete an Environmental Assessment for the project, the scope of the project was reduced to completing the design, construction and testing of the front end of the process which consists of the Material Handling and Waste Conditioning (MH/C) Subsystem of the vitrification plant. Activities completed under Phases 3A and 4 addressed completion of the engineering, design and documentation of the MH/C System such that final procurement of the remaining process assemblies can be completed and construction of a Limited Demonstration Project be initiated in the event DOE elects to proceed with the construction and demonstration testing of the MH/C Subsystem. Because of USEPA policies and regulations that do not require treatment of low level or low-level/PCB contaminated wastes, DOE terminated the project because there is no purported need for this technology.

J. Hnat; L.M. Bartone; M. Pineda

2001-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

Weldability and joining techniques for advanced fossil energy system alloys  

SciTech Connect

The efforts represent the concerns for the basic understanding of the weldability and fabricability of the advanced high temperature alloys so necessary to affect increases in the efficiency of the next generation Fossil Energy Power Plants. The effort was divided into three tasks with the first effort dealing with the welding and fabrication behavior of 310HCbN (HR3C), the second task details the studies aimed at understanding the weldability of a newly developed 310TaN high temperature stainless (a modification of 310 stainless) and Task 3 addressed the cladding of austenitic tubing with Iron-Aluminide using the GTAW process. Task 1 consisted of microstructural studies on 310HCbN and the development of a Tube Weldability test which has applications to production welding techniques as well as laboratory weldability assessments. In addition, the evaluation of ex-service 310HCbN which showed fireside erosion and cracking at the attachment weld locations was conducted. Task 2 addressed the behavior of the newly developed 310 TaN modification of standard 310 stainless steel and showed that the weldability was excellent and that the sensitization potential was minimal for normal welding and fabrication conditions. The microstructural evolution during elevated temperature testing was characterized and the second phase particles evolved upon aging were identified. Task 3 details the investigation undertaken to clad 310HCbN tubing with Iron Aluminide and developed welding conditions necessary to provide a crack free cladding. The work showed that both a preheat and a post-heat was necessary for crack free deposits and the effect of a third element on the cracking potential was defined together with the effect of the aluminum level for optimum weldability.

Lundin, C.D.; Qiao, C.Y.P.; Liu, W.; Yang, D.; Zhou, G.; Morrison, M. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

North Korea Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Far East » North Korea Far East » North Korea North Korea Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends The total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions for North Korea, or the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, averaged 11.2% growth from 1950-93, reaching 71 million metric tons of carbon. Since 1993 according to published UN energy statistics, fossil-fuel CO2 emissions have declined 70% to 21.4 million metric tons of carbon. As the world's 14th largest producer of coal, it is no surprise North Korea's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions record is dominated by emissions from coal burning. Coal consumption accounted for 93% of the 2008 CO2 emission total. With no natural gas usage, another 3.4% currently comes from liquid petroleum consumption, and the remainder is from cement

236

Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects December 12, 2013 - 1:40pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Washington, D.C. - As part of President Obama's Climate Action Plan, the Energy Department published a solicitation today, making up to $8 billion in loan guarantee authority available to support innovative advanced fossil energy projects that avoid, reduce, or sequester greenhouse gases. Authorized by Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, loan guarantees under this new solicitation will help provide critical financing to support new or significantly improved advanced fossil energy projects - such as advanced resource development, carbon capture, low-carbon power

237

DOE Leverages Fossil Energy Expertise to Develop and Explore Geothermal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leverages Fossil Energy Expertise to Develop and Explore Leverages Fossil Energy Expertise to Develop and Explore Geothermal Energy Resources DOE Leverages Fossil Energy Expertise to Develop and Explore Geothermal Energy Resources February 7, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Focusing on reducing the upfront costs of geothermal development as well as improve its effectiveness, the U.S. Department of Energy today announced plans to leverage oil and gas expertise to test the reliability and efficiency of geothermal power generation at oil and gas fields. DOE's Office of Fossil Energy and Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy will combine efforts to have experts test and validate low temperature geothermal power generation technologies at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) near Casper, Wyoming.

238

South Korea Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Far East » South Korea Far East » South Korea South Korea Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends South Korea, or the Republic of Korea, is the world's tenth largest emitter of CO2 based on 2008 fossil-fuel consumption and cement production with 139 million metric tons of carbon. From 1946-1997 South Korea experienced phenomenal growth in fossil-fuel CO2 emissions with a growth rate that averaged 11.5%. Initial growth in emissions was due to coal consumption, which still accounts for 46.9% of South Korea's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions. Since the late 1960s oil consumption has been a major source of emissions. South Korea is the world's fifth largest importer of crude oil. Natural gas became a significant source of CO2 for the first time in 1987, as South

239

NETL: News Release - Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 20, 2010 May 20, 2010 Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Grants College Students to Focus on Computational Modeling, High-Temperature Materials and Components Washington, DC - Innovative fossil energy research projects will be investigated by students and faculty from four winning institutions in the Department of Energy's annual competition for fossil energy research ideas from the nation's Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions (HBCU/OMI). Students and faculty from the chosen universities - the University of Texas, El Paso; Southern University and A&M College; Tennessee State University; and the University of Texas, San Antonio - will investigate projects dealing with computational energy sciences, material sciences, and sensors and controls for use in fossil fuel power systems.

240

Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power Systems Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power Systems September 14, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Four projects that will develop capabilities for designing sophisticated materials that can withstand the harsh environments of advanced fossil energy power systems have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy. The projects will develop computational capabilities for designing materials with unique thermal, chemical and mechanical properties necessary for withstanding the high temperatures and extreme environments of advanced energy systems. These innovative systems are both fuel efficient and produce lower amounts of emissions, including carbon dioxide for permanent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Kyoto-Related Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emission Totals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kyoto-Related Emissions Kyoto-Related Emissions Kyoto-Related Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emission Totals DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/ffe.007_V2012 world map Kyoto-Related Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emission Totals Year Annex B Countries Non Annex B Countries Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (million metric tonnes C) Bunkers (million metric tonnes C) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (million metric tonnes C) Bunkers (million metric tonnes C) 1990 3894 90 2111 46 1991 3801 94 2299 38 1992 3750 109 2263 44 1993 3685 107 2339 48 1994 3656 107 2469 54 1995 3681 110 2570 59 1996 3704 111 2657 72 1997 3727 114 2737 74 1998 3746 118 2698 82 1999 3678 124 2718 90 2000 3725 130 2821 90 2001 3781 120 2936 92 2002 3764 128 3013 94 2003 3853 123 3347 98 2004 3888 135 3683 107 2005 3933 142 3926 106

242

Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power Systems Projects Selected to Advance Innovative Materials for Fossil Energy Power Systems September 14, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Four projects that will develop capabilities for designing sophisticated materials that can withstand the harsh environments of advanced fossil energy power systems have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy. The projects will develop computational capabilities for designing materials with unique thermal, chemical and mechanical properties necessary for withstanding the high temperatures and extreme environments of advanced energy systems. These innovative systems are both fuel efficient and produce lower amounts of emissions, including carbon dioxide for permanent

243

Status of fossil energy resources: A global perspective  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with recently status of global fossil energy sources. Fossil energy sources have been split into three categories: oil,coal, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are highly efficient and cheap. Currently oil is the fastest primary energy source in the world (39% of world energy consumption). Coal will be a major source of energy for the world for the foreseeable future (24% of world energy consumption). In 2030, coal covers 45% of world energy needs. Natural gas is expected to be the fastest growing component of world energy consumption (23% of world energy consumption). Fossil fuel extraction and conversion to usable energy has several environmental impacts. They could be a major contributor to global warming and greenhouse gases and a cause of acid rain; therefore, expensive air pollution controls are required.

Balat, M. [SILA Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Proceedings of the fourth annual conference on fossil energy materials  

SciTech Connect

The Fourth Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials was held in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, on may 15--17, 1990. The meeting was sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy through the Advanced Research and Technology Development (AR TD) Materials Program, and ASM International. The objective of the AR TD Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for longer-term fossil energy applications as well as for generic needs of various fossil fuel technologies. The work is divided into the following categories: (1) Ceramics, (2) New Alloys, (3) Corrosion and Erosion, and (4) Technology Assessment and Technology Transfer. Individual projects are processed separately for the data bases.

Judkins, R.R.; Braski, D.N. (comps.)

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Fossil Energy Today - Fourth Quarter, 2011 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CCUS FE R&D: A Legacy of Benefit NETL Helps Develop Improved Coronary Stents for Heart Patients CSLF Ministerial Reinforces Support for CCUS Fossil Energy Today - Issue No....

246

NREL: Technology Deployment - Fossil Fuel Dependency Falls from...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Fuel Dependency Falls from 100% to 56% on Alcatraz Island News Solar Cells Light Up Prison Cells on 'The Rock' Sponsors U.S. National Park Service American Recovery and...

247

Three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dissertation consists of three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices focusing on the U.S. corn-based fuel-ethanol market. The research objectives include investigating (more)

Zhang, Zibin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Register for Fossil Energy NewsAlerts | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy. Each time we update our web site in your area of interest, we will send you a brief e-mail alerting you to the new...

249

FACT SHEET: Draft Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Fossil Energy Solicitation to Support Reductions in Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollution July 2, 2013 - 12:16pm Addthis What are the key facts? This solicitation will...

250

Office of Fossil Energy Continues Long-Running Minority Educational  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Continues Long-Running Minority Educational Fossil Energy Continues Long-Running Minority Educational Research Program Office of Fossil Energy Continues Long-Running Minority Educational Research Program April 19, 2012 - 11:41am Addthis Annie Whatley Annie Whatley Deputy Director, Office of Minority Economic Impact Editor's Note: This article is cross-posted from the Office of Fossil Energy. Four projects that will strengthen and promote U.S. energy security, scientific discovery and economic competitiveness while producing a diverse next generation of scientists and engineers have been selected as part of the Energy Department's long-running minority educational research program. The awards - presented under the Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions program - are $200,000 each

251

Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships (Redirected from Brazil-NETL Cooperation) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Brazil-NETL Cooperation Name Brazil-NETL Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization National Energy Technology Laboratory Partner Brazil Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.netl.doe.gov/techno Program Start 2007 Program End 2012 Country Brazil South America References NETL Technologies Programs[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships with Brazil ORD International Research Agreements Brazilian Coal Gasification and CCS MOUs References ↑ NETL Technologies Programs Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Brazil-NETL_Advanced_Fossil_Fuels_Partnerships&oldid=375248"

252

Adaptable Sensor Packaging for High Temperature Fossil Fuel Energy System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adaptable Sensor Packaging for High Adaptable Sensor Packaging for High Temperature Fossil Fuel Energy Systems Background The Advanced Research Sensors and Controls Program is leading the effort to develop sensing and control technologies and methods to achieve automated and optimized intelligent power systems. The program is led by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and is implemented through research and development agreements with other

253

President Requests $842.1 Million for Fossil Energy Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

President Obamas FY 2016 budget seeks $842.1 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to advance technologies related to the reliable, efficient, affordable and environmentally sound use of fossil fuels, implement ongoing federal responsibilities at the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves, and manage the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Northeast Gasoline Supply Reserve and Northeast Home Heating oil Reserve to provide strategic and economic security against disruptions in U.S. petroleum supplies.

254

Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program  

SciTech Connect

Objective of this materials program is to conduct R and D on materials for fossil energy applications with focus on longer-term and generic needs of the various fossil fuel technologies. The projects are organized according to materials research areas: (1) ceramics, (2) new alloys: iron aluminides, advanced austenitics and chromium niobium alloys, and (3) technology development and transfer. Separate abstracts have been prepared.

Cole, N.C.; Judkins, R.R. (comps.)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

140 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 1, JANUARY 2001 Fuzzy Damage-Mitigating Control of a Fossil Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-data controller tracks a reference trajectory vector while the upper tier contains a fuzzy-logic-based damage140 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 1, JANUARY 2001 Fuzzy Damage of real-time fuzzy damage-mitigating control in fossil power plants, and the results show that substantial

Ray, Asok

256

Intelligent emissions controller for substance injection in the post-primary combustion zone of fossil-fired boilers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The control of emissions from fossil-fired boilers wherein an injection of substances above the primary combustion zone employs multi-layer feedforward artificial neural networks for modeling static nonlinear relationships between the distribution of injected substances into the upper region of the furnace and the emissions exiting the furnace. Multivariable nonlinear constrained optimization algorithms use the mathematical expressions from the artificial neural networks to provide the optimal substance distribution that minimizes emission levels for a given total substance injection rate. Based upon the optimal operating conditions from the optimization algorithms, the incremental substance cost per unit of emissions reduction, and the open-market price per unit of emissions reduction, the intelligent emissions controller allows for the determination of whether it is more cost-effective to achieve additional increments in emission reduction through the injection of additional substance or through the purchase of emission credits on the open market. This is of particular interest to fossil-fired electrical power plant operators. The intelligent emission controller is particularly adapted for determining the economical control of such pollutants as oxides of nitrogen (NO.sub.x) and carbon monoxide (CO) emitted by fossil-fired boilers by the selective introduction of multiple inputs of substances (such as natural gas, ammonia, oil, water-oil emulsion, coal-water slurry and/or urea, and combinations of these substances) above the primary combustion zone of fossil-fired boilers.

Reifman, Jaques (Western Springs, IL); Feldman, Earl E. (Willowbrook, IL); Wei, Thomas Y. C. (Downers Grove, IL); Glickert, Roger W. (Pittsburgh, PA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Publications of the Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Objective of DOE's Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with focus on longer-term needs. The Program includes research aimed at a better understanding of materials behavior in fossil energy environments and on the development of new materials capable of substantial improvement in plant operations and reliability. Scope of the program addresses materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including materials for coal preparation, coal liquefaction, coal gasification, heat engines and heat recovery, combustion systems, and fuel cells. Work on the Program is conducted at national and government laboratories, universities, and industrial research facilities. Research conducted on the Program is divided among the following areas: (1) ceramics, (2) new alloys, (3) corrosion research, and (4) program development and technology transfer. This bibliography covers the period of April 1, 1992, through March 31, 1993, and is a supplement to previous bibliographies in this series. The publications listed are limited to topical reports, open literature publications in refereed journals, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, full-length papers in unrefereed journals, and books and book articles.

Carlson, P.T. (comp.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Publications of the Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Objective of DOE`s Fossil Energy Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with focus on longer-term needs. The Program includes research aimed at a better understanding of materials behavior in fossil energy environments and on the development of new materials capable of substantial improvement in plant operations and reliability. Scope of the program addresses materials requirements for all fossil energy systems, including materials for coal preparation, coal liquefaction, coal gasification, heat engines and heat recovery, combustion systems, and fuel cells. Work on the Program is conducted at national and government laboratories, universities, and industrial research facilities. Research conducted on the Program is divided among the following areas: (1) ceramics, (2) new alloys, (3) corrosion research, and (4) program development and technology transfer. This bibliography covers the period of April 1, 1992, through March 31, 1993, and is a supplement to previous bibliographies in this series. The publications listed are limited to topical reports, open literature publications in refereed journals, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, full-length papers in unrefereed journals, and books and book articles.

Carlson, P.T. [comp.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Acoustic monitoring and signature analysis in nuclear and fossil energy generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic monitoring and analysis in nuclear and fossil energy plants has been accompanied by transducer development for the hot environment. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission requires acoustic monitoring systems on nuclear reactors for detecting potential failures. Accelerometers are attached at critical points and their output is automatically analyzed to give warnings of loose parts or excessive vibration. In addition to providing a warning the system can monitor arrival time to be used for fault location. For use as a potential boiling detector of breeder reactors the acoustic signature of the sodium coolant boiling has been compared with background noise level. High temperature sodium?immersible microphones and waveguides for smooth energy transfer were developed for this investigation. High?temperature acoustic sensors have been used in a coal gasification plant. The presence of solids in a steam?char line has been automatically determined using passive monitoring of relative sound intensities of different frequency bands.

Henry B. Karplus

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Modeling Fossil Energy Demands of Primary Nonferrous Metal Production: The Case of Copper  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling Fossil Energy Demands of Primary Nonferrous Metal Production: The Case of Copper ... Alumbrera (Argentina) ...

Pilar Swart; Jo Dewulf

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Power Plant Analyser -- A computer code for power plant operation studies  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes Power Plant Analyser (PPA), a computer code for power plant dynamic and steady-state performance analysis. Power Plant Analyser simulates fossil power plant systems, such as drum-type, once-through, gas turbine, and combined cycle plants in a user-friendly manner. It provides a convenient tool for power engineers to understand the complex and interrelated thermodynamic processes and operating characteristics of the plant. It can also be used for conceptual training of power plant operators, and as a test bed for control and operating strategies.

Lu, S.; Hogg, B.W. [Queen`s Univ. of Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering] [Queen`s Univ. of Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Fossil Energy Program Annual Progress Report for April 1, 2002, Through March 31, 2003  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Fossil Energy Program is to conduct research and development that contribute to the advancement of fossil energy technologies. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program research and development activities, performed for the Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, cover the areas of coal, clean coal technology, gas, petroleum, and support to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Projects on the ORNL Fossil Energy Program are supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy, the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, the DOE Fossil Energy Clean Coal Technology Program, the DOE National Petroleum Technology Office, and the DOE Fossil Energy Office of Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The ORNL Fossil Energy Program shares with DOE Oak Ridge Operations technical management responsibility for all activities on the DOE Fossil Energy Advanced Research Materials Program. The Advanced Research Materials Program includes research at other DOE and government laboratories, at universities, and at industrial organizations.

Judkins, RR

2003-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

263

Independent Activity Report, Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Treatment and Immobilization Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant - March 2013 Independent Activity Report, Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant - March 2013 March 2013 Follow-up of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Review [HIAR-WTP-2013-03-18] The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the restart of the Hazard Analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) System. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, on March 18-21, 2013, was to observe and understand the revised approach implemented by Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI), the contractor responsible for the design and construction of WTP for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of

264

Service experience in operating plants 1991  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains the papers presented at a symposium conducted at the 1991 Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference. The symposium had the same title as this publication, Service Experience in Operating Plants and was sponsored by the Materials and Fabrication Committee of the ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division. The primary objectives of the sessions were to disseminate information on issues and degradation which have resulted from the operation of Nuclear and Fossil Power Plants, as well as Petrochemical Plants.

Bamford, W.H. (Westinghouse Energy Systems (US))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

DOE - Fossil Energy: R&D Project Data Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About DOE Button Organization Button News Button Contact Us Button About DOE Button Organization Button News Button Contact Us Button Search Go Button US Department of Energy Seal and Header Photo Science and Technology Button Energy Sources Button Energy Efficiency Button The Environment Button Prices and Trends Button National Security Button Safety and Health Button _ DOE Office of Fossil Energy Web Site Fossil Energy - Clean Coal Technologies - Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage - Hydrogen & Other Clean Fuels - Oil & Natural Gas Technologies - Natural Gas Regulation - U.S. Petroleum Reserves - STAY CONNECTED Join Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Sign Up for NewsAlerts Subscribe to our RSS Feeds You are here: Fossil Energy R&D Project Data Base The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy typically manages more than 300 active research and development projects spanning a wide range of coal, petroleum and natural gas topics. You can access information on each of these projects from the Fossil Energy Online Project Database. There are three ways to obtain specific data on these projects:

266

Novel integration options of concentrating solar thermal technology with fossil-fuelled and CO2 capture processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrating solar thermal (CST) technology has been commercially proven in utility-scale power plants that have been in operation since the 1980s. CST uses reflecting surfaces to focus solar energy onto collectors, generating extreme heat than can be used for a variety of purposes. The current focus of CST is large-scale electrical power generation. However, new applications, such as solar fuels, are quickly gaining momentum. One key shortcoming of CST technology is its sensitivity to disruptions in sunlight availability over time. CST systems require either thermal energy storage or backup systems to operate during heavy cloud periods or at night. On the other hand, fossil-based energy systems have high availability and reliability, but they generate substantial CO2 emissions compared to equivalent CST processes. A novel solution would combine the benefits of CST technology and of fossil-fueled energy systems. Such a solar-fossil hybrid system would guarantee energy availability in the absence of sunlight or stored solar energy. The addition of carbon capture to these systems could reduce their carbon intensity to almost zero. This paper introduces three important solar-fossil hybrid energy systems: (1) Integrated Solar Combined Cycle (ISCC), (2) Solar-assisted post-combustion capture (SAPCAP), and (3) Solar gasification with CO2 capture. These novel concepts have great potential to overcome the inherent limitations of their component technologies and to achieve superior greenhouse gas mitigation techno-economic performance in large-scale applications. The paper describes the features of the three solar-fossil hybrid systems described earlier, discusses its advantages and disadvantages, and provides examples of applications. The goal of this manuscript is to introduce experts in the CCS and CST fields to the opportunities of integration between these technologies and their potential benefits.

Guillermo Ordorica-Garcia; and Alfonso Vidal Delgado; Aranzazu Fernandez Garcia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11, 2011 11, 2011 CX-005593: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building 39 - Replace Waterless Urinals CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 04/11/2011 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 11, 2011 CX-005592: Categorical Exclusion Determination Computational Modeling and Assessment of Nanocoatings for Ultra Supercritical Boilers CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 04/11/2011 Location(s): Charlotte, North Carolina Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 11, 2011 CX-005591: Categorical Exclusion Determination Computational Modeling and Assessment of Nanocoatings for Ultra Supercritical Boilers CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 04/11/2011 Location(s): Livingston, New Jersey Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

268

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 19, 2011 January 19, 2011 CX-005043: Categorical Exclusion Determination ArmorBelt Single Point Gas Lift System for Stripper Wells CX(s) Applied: B3.7 Date: 01/19/2011 Location(s): Tulsa County, Oklahoma Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 19, 2011 CX-005042: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hydrogen Production and Purification from Coal and Other Heavy Feedstocks CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/19/2011 Location(s): Grand Forks, North Dakota Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 19, 2011 CX-005040: Categorical Exclusion Determination Induction Furnace Melting (Includes Graphite and Mold Prep) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/19/2011 Location(s): Albany, Oregon Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

269

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18, 2010 18, 2010 CX-004483: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gyroscope Guidance Sensor for Ultra-Deepwater Applications CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 11/18/2010 Location(s): Golden, Colorado Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 18, 2010 CX-004482: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gyroscope Guidance Sensor for Ultra-Deepwater Applications CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/18/2010 Location(s): Grand Forks, North Dakota Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 18, 2010 CX-004481: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gyroscope Guidance Sensor for Ultra-Deepwater Applications CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/18/2010 Location(s): Grand Forks, North Dakota Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

270

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 4, 2010 June 4, 2010 CX-002647: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of Biochemical Techniques for the Extraction of Mercury from Waste Streams Containing Coal CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/04/2010 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory June 4, 2010 CX-002646: Categorical Exclusion Determination Polymer Nanocomposites for Carbon Dioxide Capture CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/04/2010 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory June 4, 2010 CX-002645: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fine Coal Flotation and Removal of Toxic Trace Elements CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/04/2010 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

271

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 28, 2011 September 28, 2011 CX-006966: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building 903 Renovation CX(s) Applied: B1.16, B1.29, B2.1, B2.2, B2.5 Date: 09/28/2011 Location(s): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 28, 2011 CX-006960: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building 83 Lab 242 Renovations as per Office of Research and Development Modifications CX(s) Applied: B1.29, B2.1, B2.2 Date: 09/28/2011 Location(s): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, Sandia Site Office September 26, 2011 CX-006973: Categorical Exclusion Determination Characterization of Most Promising Sequestration Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 09/26/2011 Location(s): Craig, Colorado Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

272

Lab Breakthrough: Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Research Lab Breakthrough: Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Research September 30, 2013 - 4:49pm Addthis At the heart of the Simulation-Based Engineering User Center (SBEUC) is a high-performance computer that enables the simulation of processes or technologies that are difficult or impossible to demonstrate using traditional methods. | Video by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Ben Dotson Ben Dotson Project Coordinator for Digital Reform, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Watch the video and learn more about the National Labs and their work in high performance computing. The Lab Breakthroughs series features videos produced by each of the National Labs about their game-changing innovations and discoveries. To see

273

Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel Energy Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption Reduction for New Construction and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings -- Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0031; RIN 1904-AB96 Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption Reduction for New Construction and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings -- Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0031; RIN 1904-AB96 This memo provides an overview of communications made to DOE staff on the subject of the rulemaking referenced above. The communications occurred at a meeting held on February 13, 2013. DOE 433 ex parte memo.pdf More Documents & Publications Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Regional Standards Enforcement Framework Document -- Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-CE-0077

274

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

24, 2010 24, 2010 CX-001210: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act: Carbon Dioxide Reuse in Petrochemical Facilities CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B3.6 Date: 03/24/2010 Location(s): Durham, North Carolina Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory March 22, 2010 CX-001298: Categorical Exclusion Determination Full-Scale Mercury Control Demonstrations: Information Collection Request Sampling with Mercury Control Elements CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 03/22/2010 Location(s): Grand Forks, North Dakota Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory March 17, 2010 CX-001328: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fischer Tropsch Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 03/17/2010 Location(s): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

275

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 17, 2010 May 17, 2010 CX-002306: Categorical Exclusion Determination Developing a Novel Method of Cleaning and Dewatering Fine Coal CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/17/2010 Location(s): Blacksburg, Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory May 17, 2010 CX-002303: Categorical Exclusion Determination Center for Renewable Energy Science and Technology (CREST) CX(s) Applied: B3.6, A11 Date: 05/17/2010 Location(s): Arlington, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory May 13, 2010 CX-002247: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alaska Rural Energy Conference CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 05/13/2010 Location(s): Fairbanks, Alaska Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory May 13, 2010 CX-002246: Categorical Exclusion Determination

276

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 30, 2011 August 30, 2011 CX-006498: Categorical Exclusion Determination Pilot Testing: Pretreatment Options to Allow Re-Use of Frac Flowback Water CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/30/2011 Location(s): Plymouth, New York Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory August 29, 2011 CX-006503: Categorical Exclusion Determination B83 1st Floor Renovation - Phase II Completion CX(s) Applied: B1.29, B1.31, B2.1, B2.2 Date: 08/29/2011 Location(s): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory August 25, 2011 CX-006544: Categorical Exclusion Determination Building 84 Laboratory Renovation CX(s) Applied: A11, B1.15, B3.6 Date: 08/25/2011 Location(s): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

277

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 15, 2011 July 15, 2011 CX-006142: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act: Skyonic Beneficial Carbon Dioxide Use Project CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B3.6 Date: 07/15/2011 Location(s): San Antonio, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory July 13, 2011 CX-006156: Categorical Exclusion Determination Utility Metering Installation: B3, B14, B36 CX(s) Applied: B1.15, B2.2 Date: 07/13/2011 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory July 12, 2011 CX-006173: Categorical Exclusion Determination Plains Carbon Dioxide Reduction Partnership (PCOR) Phase III Bell Creek Site CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 07/12/2011 Location(s): Montana Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

278

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 3, 2010 March 3, 2010 CX-001004: Categorical Exclusion Determination West Hackberry Site Security Detection Systems Upgrade (Install) CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 03/03/2010 Location(s): West Hackberry, Louisiana Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office March 2, 2010 CX-001034: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act: Solar Reforming of Carbon Dioxide to Produce Diesel Fuel CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): Sacramento, California Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory March 1, 2010 CX-001003: Categorical Exclusion Determination West Hackberry Tank (WHT)-1 and WHT-10 Liner Removal/Reline CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/01/2010 Location(s): West Hackberry, Louisiana Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

279

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29, 2011 29, 2011 CX-005664: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Testing of Compact Heat Exchange Reactors (CHER) for Synthesis of Liquid Fuels CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 04/29/2011 Location(s): Laramie, Wyoming Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 29, 2011 CX-005663: Categorical Exclusion Determination Vortex Tube Project Decommissioning Project CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 04/29/2011 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 29, 2011 CX-005662: Categorical Exclusion Determination The Use of Scrap Tires for Oil Well Stimulation CX(s) Applied: B3.7 Date: 04/29/2011 Location(s): Upper Falls, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

280

Four Minority Universities Selected for Fossil Energy Research Grants |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 20, 2010 - 1:00pm May 20, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Innovative fossil energy research projects will be investigated by students and faculty from four winning institutions in the Department of Energy's annual competition for fossil energy research ideas from the nation's Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions (HBCU/OMI). Students and faculty from the chosen universities - the University of Texas, El Paso; Southern University and A&M College; Tennessee State University; and the University of Texas, San Antonio - will investigate projects dealing with computational energy sciences, material sciences, and sensors and controls for use in fossil fuel power systems. Established in 1984, the HBCU/OMI program was designed to encourage

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Simulated Field Trip: "The Visual Aspects of Power Plant Sitings1" Bill Bottom 2 Alex Young 3 of conventional thermal (fossil fuel and nuclear), geo- thermal, wind and solar power plants. There are several be dependent on conventional thermal power plants to generate electricity. These power plants are powered

Standiford, Richard B.

282

Causal relationship between fossil fuel consumption and economic growth in the world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuels are major sources of energy, and have several advantages over other primary energy sources. Without extensive dependence on fossil fuels, it is questionable whether our economic prosperity can continue. This paper analyses cointegration and causality between fossil fuel consumption and economic growth in the world over the period 1971 to 2008. The estimation results indicate that fossil fuel consumption and GDP are cointegrated and there exists long-run unidirectional causality from fossil fuel consumption to GDP. This paper also investigates the nexus between non-fossil energy consumption and GDP, and shows that there is no causality between the variables. The conclusions are that reducing fossil fuel consumption may hamper economic growth, and that it is unlikely that non-fossil energy will substantially replace fossil fuels. This paper also examines causal linkages between the variables using a trivariate model, and obtains the same results as those from the bivariate model.

Hazuki Ishida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

US fossil fuel technologies for Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has been encouraging other countries to consider US coal and coal technologies in meeting their future energy needs. Thailand is one of three developing countries determined to be a potentially favorable market for such exports. This report briefly profiles Thailand with respect to population, employment, energy infrastructure and policies, as well as financial, economic, and trade issues. Thailand is shifting from a traditionally agrarian economy to one based more strongly on light manufacturing and will therefore require increased energy resources that are reliable and flexible in responding to anticipated growth. Thailand has extensive lignite deposits that could fuel a variety of coal-based technologies. Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors could utilize this resource and still permit Thailand to meet emission standards for sulfur dioxide. This option also lends itself to small-scale applications suitable for private-sector power generation. Slagging combustors and coal-water mixtures also appear to have potential. Both new construction and refurbishment of existing plants are planned. 18 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

Buehring, W.A.; Dials, G.E.; Gillette, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.; Traczyk, P.A.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A comparative analysis of accident risks in fossil, hydro, and nuclear energy chains  

SciTech Connect

This study presents a comparative assessment of severe accident risks in the energy sector, based on the historical experience of fossil (coal, oil, natural gas, and LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas)) and hydro chains contained in the comprehensive Energy-related Severe Accident Database (ENSAD), as well as Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) for the nuclear chain. Full energy chains were considered because accidents can take place at every stage of the chain. Comparative analyses for the years 1969-2000 included a total of 1870 severe ({>=} 5 fatalities) accidents, amounting to 81,258 fatalities. Although 79.1% of all accidents and 88.9% of associated fatalities occurred in less developed, non-OECD countries, industrialized OECD countries dominated insured losses (78.0%), reflecting their substantially higher insurance density and stricter safety regulations. Aggregated indicators and frequency-consequence (F-N) curves showed that energy-related accident risks in non-OECD countries are distinctly higher than in OECD countries. Hydropower in non-OECD countries and upstream stages within fossil energy chains are most accident-prone. Expected fatality rates are lowest for Western hydropower and nuclear power plants; however, the maximum credible consequences can be very large. Total economic damages due to severe accidents are substantial, but small when compared with natural disasters. Similarly, external costs associated with severe accidents are generally much smaller than monetized damages caused by air pollution.

Burgherr, P.; Hirschberg, S. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Challenge Human activities, such as the burning of fossil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil is a multinational independent exploration and production company with interests in the North Sea oil, gas fields or saline aquifers. Emissions from fossil fuel power stations could then be reduced, is the process of the capture and long-term storage of atmospheric CO2 and will play a vital role in future

Crowther, Paul

286

Changing Biomass, Fossil, and Nuclear Fuel Cycles for Sustainability  

SciTech Connect

The energy and chemical industries face two great sustainability challenges: the need to avoid climate change and the need to replace crude oil as the basis of our transport and chemical industries. These challenges can be met by changing and synergistically combining the fossil, biomass, and nuclear fuel cycles.

Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fossil energy, clean coal technology, and FutureGen  

SciTech Connect

Future fossil use will rely heavily on carbon sequestration. Clean coal technologies are being incorporated in the USA, including air pollution control, and will need to incorporate carbon capture and sequestration. The paper ends with an outline of the restructured FutureGen project. 7 figs.

Sarkus, T.A.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Age of Neoproterozoic Bilatarian Body and Trace Fossils, White  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Age of Neoproterozoic Bilatarian Body and Trace Fossils, White Sea, Russia: Implications-bearing, shallow marine siliciclastic rocks in the Zimnie Gory section of the White Sea region indicates Ranges, South Australia (18); in the Poleta Formation in the White-Inyo Mountains and Upper Wood Canyon

289

Surface chemistry control for selective fossil resin flotation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A froth flotation method is disclosed for separating fine particles of fossil resin by use of frothing reagents which include an aliphatic organic compound having a polar group and containing not more than four carbon atoms. Butanol is an effective frothing reagent in this method. 12 figs.

Miller, J.D.; Yi, Y.; Yu, Q.

1994-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

Surface chemistry control for selective fossil resin flotation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A froth flotation method is disclosed for separating fine particles of fossil resin from by use of frothing reagents which include an aliphatic organic compound having a polar group and containing not more than four carbon atoms. Butanol is an effective frothing reagent in this method.

Miller, Jan D. (1886 Atkin Ave., Salt Lake City, UT 84106); Yi, Ye (2875 E. Wander Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84117); Yu, Qiang (224 University Village, Salt Lake City, UT 84108)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Process Systems Engineering R&D for Advanced Fossil Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

This presentation will examine process systems engineering R&D needs for application to advanced fossil energy (FE) systems and highlight ongoing research activities at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the auspices of a recently launched Collaboratory for Process & Dynamic Systems Research. The three current technology focus areas include: 1) High-fidelity systems with NETL's award-winning Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) technology for integrating process simulation with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and virtual engineering concepts, 2) Dynamic systems with R&D on plant-wide IGCC dynamic simulation, control, and real-time training applications, and 3) Systems optimization including large-scale process optimization, stochastic simulation for risk/uncertainty analysis, and cost estimation. Continued R&D aimed at these and other key process systems engineering models, methods, and tools will accelerate the development of advanced gasification-based FE systems and produce increasingly valuable outcomes for DOE and the Nation.

Zitney, S.E.

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

292

Where do fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions from California go? An analysis based on radiocarbon observations and an atmospheric transport model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

do fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions from California go?do fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions from California go?1 distribution of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

20 May 1975 research-article The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion] E...have been made of their fate in mammals. The fate of fossil fuel hydrocarbons in marine animals. | Journal Article...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article The Fate of Fossil Fuel Hydrocarbons in Marine Animals [and Discussion...mammals. The fate of fossil fuel hydrocarbons in marine animals. | Journal Article...Carcinogens 0 Epoxy Compounds 0 Fuel Oils 0 Hydrocarbons 0 Naphthalenes...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

World Forests: The Area for Afforestation and their Potential for Fossil Carbon Sequestration and Substitution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A crucial factor in maintaining the carbon balance by forest plantations is to follow-up such programs by substituting fossil fuel by biomass. The amount of fossil fuel that 1 PJ of biomass energy can substitute ...

Wolfgang Schopfhauser

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Financing Capture Ready Coal-Fired Power Plants in China by Issuing Capture Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capture Ready is a design concept enabling fossil fuel plants to be retrofitted more economically with carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies, however financing the cost of capture ready can be problematic, especially...

Liang, Xi; Reiner, David; Gibbons, Jon; Li, Jia

297

Incremental costs and optimization of in-core fuel management of nuclear power plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is concerned with development of methods for optimizing the energy production and refuelling decision for nuclear power plants in an electric utility system containing both nuclear and fossil-fuelled stations. ...

Watt, Hing Yan

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

U.S. program on materials technology for ultra-supercritical coal power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of conventional fossil power plants is a strong function of the steam temperature and pressure. Research to increase both has been pursued worldwide, since the energy crisis in the 1970s. The ne...

R. Viswanathan; J. F. Henry; J. Tanzosh

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The carbon isotope composition of ancient CO2 based on higher-plant organic matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carbon dioxide, and global warming. Geophys. Res...an indicator of global ecological change...invertebrates and coals from the Australian...potential of humic coals from dry pyrolysis...Fossil plants and global warming at the TriassicJurassic...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Techno-economic evaluation of oxy-combustion coal-fired power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing attention is being paid to the oxy-combustion technique of coal-fired power plants because CO2...produced from fossil fuel combustion can be captured and sequestrated by it. However, there are many que...

Jie Xiong; HaiBo Zhao; ChuGuang Zheng

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels contributes far more to global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels contributes far more to global warming Researchers ScienceDaily (July 30, 2010) -- Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels analyzed the impacts of soot from fossil fuels -- diesel, coal, gasoline, jet fuel -- and from solid

302

WORKING PAPER N 2010 -11 Carbon price and optimal extraction of a polluting fossil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WORKING PAPER N° 2010 - 11 Carbon price and optimal extraction of a polluting fossil fuel atmospheric CO2. For instance, Chakravorty et al. (2006b) examine the optimal fossil fuel price path, when AGRONOMIQUE halshs-00564852,version1-10Feb2011 #12;Carbon Price and Optimal Extraction of a Polluting Fossil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 4, 2011 June 4, 2011 CX-005949: Categorical Exclusion Determination Characterization of Most Promising Sequestration Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region- TerraTek CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/04/2011 Location(s): Salt Lake City, Utah Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory June 4, 2011 CX-005948: Categorical Exclusion Determination Characterization of Most Promising Sequestration Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region (Schlumberger) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/04/2011 Location(s): Houston, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory June 4, 2011 CX-005947: Categorical Exclusion Determination Develop and Test an Optical Temperature Sensor at Eastman Chemical's Coal Gasifier CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/04/2011 Location(s): Kingsport, Tennessee

304

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29, 2010 29, 2010 CX-000749: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ultra-Deepwater Resources to Reserves Development and Acceleration Through Appraisal CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 01/29/2010 Location(s): Austin, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 29, 2010 CX-000750: Categorical Exclusion Determination Characterization of Pilocene and Miocene Formations in the Wilmington Graben, Offshore Los Angeles for Large Scale Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Terminal Island Drilling) CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 01/29/2010 Location(s): San Pedro, California Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 29, 2010 CX-000751: Categorical Exclusion Determination Characterization of Pilocene and Miocene Formations in the Wilmington

305

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27, 2010 27, 2010 CX-004185: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of Ion Transport Membrane Oxygen Technology for Integration in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle and Advanced Power Generation Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/27/2010 Location(s): Sparrows Point, Maryland Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 27, 2010 CX-004184: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development of Ion Transport Membrane Oxygen Technology for Integration in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle and Advanced Power Generation Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/27/2010 Location(s): Allentown, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 27, 2010 CX-004181: Categorical Exclusion Determination Evaluation of Solid Sorbents as a Retrofit Technology for Carbon Dioxide

306

NETL: News Release - Six Minority Universities Win Fossil Energy Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 24, 2000 May 24, 2000 Six Minority Universities Win Fossil Energy Research Grants to Advance Use of Oil, Coal, Gas Richardson, Browner Announce Government "Showcase" Project As part of the Department of Energy's continuing efforts to increase the involvement of the nation's minority institutions in energy research, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson today announced that six historically black universities and other minority institutions will share nearly $1 million in federal funding for fossil energy projects ranging from oil reservoir characterization to burner design for low-emission burners to pollution reduction from car engines. The winning schools are: Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, (2 projects): one for research into a new way of determining the geologic characteristics of complex oil reservoirs; the other for testing a new data analysis technique based on neural networks that could simplify modeling of the way fuel burns in a compression ignition engine, such as a diesel engine;

307

Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Centrally Planned Europe » Russian Federation Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends Since 1992 total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions from the Russian Federation have dropped 23% to 466 million metric tons of carbon, still the fourth largest emitting country in the world and the largest emitter of the republics comprising the former USSR. Emissions from gas consumption still represent the largest fraction (49.1%) of Russia's emissions and only recently have returned to the 1992 level. Emissions from coal consumption have dropped 25.5% since 1992 and presently account for 26.6% of Russia's emissions. Russia has the largest population of any Eastern European country with a population of 141 million people. From a per capita standpoint, Russia's

308

Office of Fossil Energy Oil & Natural Gas Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Energy Fossil Energy Oil & Natural Gas Technology Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate End of Phase 2 Topical Report Reporting Period: June, 2007-June, 2008 Submitted by: Rice University and University of Houston George J. Hirasaki and Walter Chapman, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Gerald R. Dickens, Colin A. Zelt, and Brandon E. Dugan, Earth Science Kishore K. Mohanty, University of Houston June, 2008 DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-06NT42960 Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Phone: 713-348-5416; FAX: 713-348-5478; Email: gjh@rice.edu University of Houston Department of Chemical Engineering 4800 Calhoun Street Houston, TX 77204-4004 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory

309

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 12, 2009 November 12, 2009 CX-000376: Categorical Exclusion Determination Boise White Paper Mill Carbon Capture and Sequestration CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.1, B3.6 Date: 11/12/2009 Location(s): Richland, Washington Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 12, 2009 CX-000379: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sweeney Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle/Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project - Carbon Dioxide Pipeline and Storage CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.1 Date: 11/12/2009 Location(s): Sweeney, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 12, 2009 CX-000378: Categorical Exclusion Determination Monitoring, Verification, and Analysis Feasibility Study (for Demonstration of Carbon Capture and Sequestration from Steam Methane Reforming Process

310

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 13, 2010 January 13, 2010 CX-000727: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Integrated Oxy-Combustion Flue Gas Purification Technology: A Near-Zero Emissions Pathway CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 01/13/2010 Location(s): Bridgewater, New Jersey Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 13, 2010 CX-000728: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Integrated Oxy-Combustion Flue Gas Purification Technology: A Near-Zero Emissions Pathway CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 01/13/2010 Location(s): Perryville, New Jersey Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 13, 2010 CX-000729: Categorical Exclusion Determination A Novel Integrated Oxy-Combustion Flue Gas Purification Technology: A Near-Zero Emissions Pathway CX(s) Applied: A9

311

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11, 2009 11, 2009 CX-000426: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geoscience Perspectives in Carbon Sequestration: Educational Training and Research through Classroom, Field, and Laboratory Investigations (Rock Water Samples) CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 12/11/2009 Location(s): Rolla, Missouri Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory December 11, 2009 CX-000425: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geoscience Perspectives in Carbon Sequestration: Educational Training and Research through Classroom, Field, and Laboratory Investigations (Historic Mine Samples) CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 12/11/2009 Location(s): St. Joe State Park, Missouri Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory December 11, 2009 CX-000424: Categorical Exclusion Determination

312

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 30, 2010 September 30, 2010 CX-004112: Categorical Exclusion Determination Experimental/Modeling Approaches to Studying the Fracture-Matrix Interaction in Barnett Shale CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 09/30/2010 Location(s): Arlington, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 30, 2010 CX-004111: Categorical Exclusion Determination Experimental/Modeling Approaches to Studying the Fracture-Matrix Interaction in Barnett Shale CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 09/30/2010 Location(s): Ames, Iowa Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 30, 2010 CX-004108: Categorical Exclusion Determination Green Oil: Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery for America?s Small Oil Producers CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 09/30/2010 Location(s): Lakewood, Colorado

313

Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Europe » Italy Western Europe » Italy (including San Marino) Italy (including San Marino) Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends As occurred in many industrialized nations, CO2 emissions from Italy rose steeply since the late 1940's until the growth was abruptly terminated in 1974. Since 1974, emissions from liquid fuels have vacillated, dropping from 76% to 46% of a static but varying total. Significant increases in natural gas consumption have compensated for the drop in oil consumption. In 2008, 35.8% of Italy's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions were due to natural gas consumption. Coal usage grew steadily until 1985 when CO2 emissions from coal consumption reached 16 million metric tons of carbon. Not until 2004 did coal usage exceed 1985 levels and now accounts for 13.9% of Italy's

314

Four Minority Universities are 1999 Fossil Energy Grant Winners  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 19, 1999 August 19, 1999 Students, Teachers at Four Minority Universities Are 1999 Winners of Fossil Energy Research Grants For students and professors at four minority universities, the upcoming school year will include not only time in the classroom but also work in the research laboratory, looking for answers to such energy problems as air pollution and declining domestic oil production. The four institutions were named today by Energy Secretary Bill Richardson as the 1999 winners in the Department of Energy's annual competition for fossil energy research ideas from the nation's Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions. Hampton University, Hampton, VA, took top honors with three proposals selected for funding. Other grants will go to Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX; North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC; and Florida International University, Miami, FL.

315

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2010 3, 2010 CX-003759: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geological Sequestration Fundamental Research Lab Move CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/03/2010 Location(s): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 2, 2010 CX-003714: Categorical Exclusion Determination Site Characterization of Highest-Priority Geologic Formations for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Wyoming CX(s) Applied: B3.1, B3.7, B3.8 Date: 09/02/2010 Location(s): Sweetwater County, Wyoming Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 2, 2010 CX-003689: Categorical Exclusion Determination Site Characterization of Highest-Priority Geologic Formations for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Wyoming CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.6 Date: 09/02/2010

316

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 16, 2010 August 16, 2010 CX-003443: Categorical Exclusion Determination Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture for Existing Post-Combustion Boilers by Self-Concentrating Amine Absorbent CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, A14 Date: 08/16/2010 Location(s): San Francisco, California Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory August 16, 2010 CX-003442: Categorical Exclusion Determination Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture for Existing Post-Combustion Boilers by Self-Concentrating Amine Absorbent CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/16/2010 Location(s): Lexington, Kentucky Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory August 11, 2010 CX-003396: Categorical Exclusion Determination Environmental Mechanical Testing Laboratory Construction CX(s) Applied: B3.6

317

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 14, 2010 December 14, 2010 CX-004696: Categorical Exclusion Determination Characterization of Potential Sites for Near Miscible Carbon Dioxide Applications in Arbuckle Reservoirs CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 12/14/2010 Location(s): Lawrence, Kansas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory December 9, 2010 CX-004662: Categorical Exclusion Determination Testing of Chinese Coal in a Transport Reactor Integrated Gasification (TRIG) System CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 12/09/2010 Location(s): Grand Forks, North Dakota Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory December 8, 2010 CX-004682: Categorical Exclusion Determination Novel Sorbents for Emission Control from Coal Combustion CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 12/08/2010 Location(s): Laramie, Wyoming

318

Microsoft Word - DeMoss Fossil CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

13, 2010 13, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Emmanuel Jaramillo Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: De Moss-Fossil 115-kV Line Upgrade Budget Information: 00220054 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 - Additions/modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area... Location: De Moss Substation is located in Section 3, Township 1 South, Range 17 East, Wasco County, Oregon. The Fossil Substation is located in Section 33, Township 6 South, Range 21 East, Wasco County, Oregon. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action:

319

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 20, 2009 November 20, 2009 CX-000372: Categorical Exclusion Determination Analysis of Microbial Activity Under a Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.1, B3.6 Date: 11/20/2009 Location(s): Cambridge, Massachusetts Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 20, 2009 CX-000444: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gulf of Mexico Miocene Carbon Dioxide Site Characterization Mega Transect CX(s) Applied: A11, B3.1 Date: 11/20/2009 Location(s): Austin, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 20, 2009 CX-000443: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gulf of Mexico Miocene Carbon Dioxide Site Characterization Mega Transect CX(s) Applied: A11, B3.1 Date: 11/20/2009 Location(s): Austin, Texas

320

Classification of fossil fuels according to structural-chemical characteristics  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of a set of linear equations that relate the amount of major elements n{sub E} (E = C, H, O, N, S) in the organic matter of fossil fuels to structural characteristics, such as the number of cycles R, the number of atoms n{sub E}, the number of mutual chemical bonds, the degree of unsaturation of the structure {delta}, and the extent of its reduction B, a structural-chemical classification of fossil coals that is closely related to the parameters of the industrial-genetic classification (GOST 25543-88) is proposed. Structural-chemical classification diagrams are constructed for power-generating coals of Russia; coking coals; and coals designed for nonfuel purposes including the manufacture of adsorbents, synthetic liquid fuel, ion exchangers, thermal graphite, and carbon-graphite materials.

A.M. Gyul'maliev; G.S. Golovin; S.G. Gagarin [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 19, 2010 July 19, 2010 CX-003045: Categorical Exclusion Determination Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulations of a Regenerative Process for Carbon Dioxide Capture in Advanced Gasification Based Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 07/19/2010 Location(s): Chicago, Illinois Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory July 15, 2010 CX-003070: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Process Development Unit (GPDU)/Syngas (Synthetic Gas) Generator Decommissioning CX(s) Applied: B1.23, B1.27, B1.31, B3.6 Date: 07/15/2010 Location(s): Morgantown, West Virginia Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory July 13, 2010 CX-003039: Categorical Exclusion Determination High Temperature Chemical Sensors for Energy Research CX(s) Applied: B3.6

322

Power Plant Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basin Center for Geothermal Energy at University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) 2 Nevada Geodetic LaboratoryStillwater Power Plant Wabuska Power Plant Casa Diablo Power Plant Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Lassen Geothermal Area Coso Hot Springs Power Plants Lake City Geothermal Area Thermo Geothermal Area

Tingley, Joseph V.

323

Evidence for GRB Induced Extinctions in the Fossil Record?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particular problems in the fossil record are placed in context with a GRB event causing death by radiation exposure followed by comet showers from a disruption in the Oort Cloud. The absence of pollen below the iridium layer at the KT and Triassic?Jurassic boundaries the pattern of extinction on land and in the oceans and divergence times of molecular DNA studies may all have a common root in ionizing radiation.

Thomas G. Kaye

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Geothermal Steam Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home General List of Dry Steam Plants List of Flash Steam Plants Steam Power Plants Dry Steam Power Plants Simple Dry Steam Powerplant process description - DOE EERE 2012 Dry steam plants use hydrothermal fluids that are primarily steam. The steam travels directly to a turbine, which drives a generator that produces electricity. The steam eliminates the need to burn fossil fuels to run the turbine (also eliminating the need to transport and store fuels). These plants emit only excess steam and very minor amounts of gases.[1] Dry steam power plants systems were the first type of geothermal power generation plants built (they were first used at Lardarello in Italy in 1904). Steam technology is still effective today at currently in use at The

325

Geothermal Steam Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Dry Steam) (Redirected from Dry Steam) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home General List of Dry Steam Plants List of Flash Steam Plants Steam Power Plants Dry Steam Power Plants Simple Dry Steam Powerplant process description - DOE EERE 2012 Dry steam plants use hydrothermal fluids that are primarily steam. The steam travels directly to a turbine, which drives a generator that produces electricity. The steam eliminates the need to burn fossil fuels to run the turbine (also eliminating the need to transport and store fuels). These plants emit only excess steam and very minor amounts of gases.[1] Dry steam power plants systems were the first type of geothermal power generation plants built (they were first used at Lardarello in Italy in 1904). Steam technology is still effective today at currently in use at The

326

Fossil Energy Announces Addition of Two Key Staff Members | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Announces Addition of Two Key Staff Members Fossil Energy Announces Addition of Two Key Staff Members Fossil Energy Announces Addition of Two Key Staff Members August 27, 2013 - 1:30pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy today announced the recent appointment of two key senior staff members to the Office of Fossil Energy - Julio Friedmann, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Clean Coal, and Paula Gant, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Oil and Natural Gas. "The Energy Department is fortunate to have attracted such qualified people with relevant industry and technical experience," said Christopher Smith, Acting Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy. "Their expertise and experience make them the right people in the right jobs, and I'm proud to have them as part of our Fossil Energy team."

327

Establishing an authorization basis for the Plutonium Finishing Plant  

SciTech Connect

In the summer of 1998, Hanford's Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) project prepared to restart its thermal stabilization process after 1(1/2)-yr suspension in operations. The facility had overcome a number of operational and safety problems, yet it had been unable to achieve appropriate update, approval, and implementation of an appropriate, current authorization basis. This problem threatened to prevent a timely restart, which, in turn, could have caused a loss in momentum and dampened enthusiasm within the facility. The authors describe the approach taken by B and W Hanford Company (BWHC) in conjunction with its partners, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office and Fluor Daniel Hanford Company (FDH), to establish a defensible authorization basis, which allowed the facility to resume its mission of stabilizing reactive plutonium materials. The approach incorporates methods used within the DOE complex for short-term activities and those undergoing deactivation and implements principles of integrated safety management (ISM), as described in ``Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board [(DNFSB)] Recommendation 95-2'' and related documents.

Roege, P.E.; Ramble, A.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Conceptual Design of Optimized Fossil Energy Systems with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

SciTech Connect

In this final report, we describe research results from Phase 2 of a technical/economic study of fossil hydrogen energy systems with carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) capture and storage (CCS). CO{sub 2} capture and storage, or alternatively, CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration, involves capturing CO{sub 2} from large point sources and then injecting it into deep underground reservoirs for long-term storage. By preventing CO{sub 2} emissions into the atmosphere, this technology has significant potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil-based facilities in the power and industrial sectors. Furthermore, the application of CCS to power plants and hydrogen production facilities can reduce CO{sub 2} emissions associated with electric vehicles (EVs) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs) and, thus, can also improve GHG emissions in the transportation sector. This research specifically examines strategies for transitioning to large-scale coal-derived energy systems with CCS for both hydrogen fuel production and electricity generation. A particular emphasis is on the development of spatially-explicit modeling tools for examining how these energy systems might develop in real geographic regions. We employ an integrated modeling approach that addresses all infrastructure components involved in the transition to these energy systems. The overall objective is to better understand the system design issues and economics associated with the widespread deployment of hydrogen and CCS infrastructure in real regions. Specific objectives of this research are to: Develop improved techno-economic models for all components required for the deployment of both hydrogen and CCS infrastructure, Develop novel modeling methods that combine detailed spatial data with optimization tools to explore spatially-explicit transition strategies, Conduct regional case studies to explore how these energy systems might develop in different regions of the United States, and Examine how the design and cost of coal-based H{sub 2} and CCS infrastructure depend on geography and location.

Nils Johnson; Joan Ogden

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

329

U.S. Nuclear Power Plants: Continued Life or Replacement After 60? (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Nuclear power plants generate approximately 20% of U.S. electricity, and the plants in operation today are often seen as attractive assets in the current environment of uncertainty about future fossil fuel prices, high construction costs for new power plants (particularly nuclear plants), and the potential enactment of greenhouse gas regulations. Existing nuclear power plants have low fuel costs and relatively high power output. However, there is uncertainty about how long they will be allowed to continue operating.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

SECA Fuel Processing Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 3, 2003 SECA Fuel Processing National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Fossil Energy Strategic Center for Natural Gas REFORMING * Focus - Heavy hydrocarbons - Minimal use of water - Simplified system - Reduced cost - Sulfur tolerance with conversion to hydrogen sulfide * Challenges - Carbon deposition - Sulfur poisoning - Thermal gradients - Vaporization * Approaches - Metal oxide catalysts - Nobal metal cPox or ATR - Decorated nickel surface - Complete system interactions Tubular cPox Reformer Strategic Center for Natural Gas NETL Fuel Processing Budget Summary Proj. # PROJECT PERSONNEL KEY TASKS COST EST. 1 Diesel Reforming Kinetic Fundamentals *Shekhawat Gardner Berry 1.) Bring Reforming Lab Online 2.) Conduct Diesel Compound Interaction Study 3.) Level 1

331

Materials for fossil energy systems -- Past, present, and future  

SciTech Connect

The vast majority of energy-generating systems are heat engines, which depend on the combustion of fuel and recovery of the heat of combustion. Fossil fuels--coal, oil, and natural gas--may be directly combusted or converted prior to combustion. Development of these conversion and combustion systems has been paced by the selection and development of the materials of construction and by design modifications to overcome limitations of the available materials. The developments in these systems, the current status, and future developments which may result from the use of advanced materials are reviewed.

Stringer, J. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Operating experience of single cylinder steam turbine with 40 inch last blade applied for combined cycle plant  

SciTech Connect

Inquiries and orders for combined cycle plant have increased recently because of the better efficiency of combined cycle plant in comparison with the usual fossil fuel power plant. The typical features of the steam turbine for combined cycle plant are the lower inlet steam conditions and the more driving steam flow quantity compared with the steam turbine for usual fossil fuel plants. This paper introduces the design and results of operation about 122 MW single cylinder steam turbine. Furthermore, the results of periodical overhaul inspection carried out after one year`s commercial operation is also presented.

Kishimoto, Masaru; Yamamoto, Tetsuya [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Yokohama (Japan); Yokota, Hiroshi [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Nagasaki (Northern Mariana Islands); Umaya, Masahide [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Takasago (Japan)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

333

17th Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17th Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials 17th Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials April 22-24, 2003 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations SESSION I - NEW ALLOYS Materials for Advanced Steam Cycles Materials for Advanced Heat Exchangers SESSION II - FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS Gas Separation Materials Materials for Gas Clean-up Fuel Cell Materials Issues SESSION III - BREAKTHROUGHS IN MATERIALS PERFORMANCE AND RELIABILITY Temperature Capabilities Beyond Current Alloys Refractories for Increased Reliability in Gasification Reactors Smart Materials Posters Coatings and Protection of Materials New Alloys Functional Materials Breakthroughs in Materials Performance and Reliabilit Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

334

Large historical changes of fossil-fuel black carbon aerosols  

SciTech Connect

Anthropogenic emissions of fine black carbon (BC) particles, the principal light-absorbing atmospheric aerosol, have varied during the past century in response to changes of fossil-fuel utilization, technology developments, and emission controls. We estimate historical trends of fossil-fuel BC emissions in six regions that represent about two-thirds of present day emissions and extrapolate these to global emissions from 1875 onward. Qualitative features in these trends show rapid increase in the latter part of the 1800s, the leveling off in the first half of the 1900s, and the re-acceleration in the past 50 years as China and India developed. We find that historical changes of fuel utilization have caused large temporal change in aerosol absorption, and thus substantial change of aerosol single scatter albedo in some regions, which suggests that BC may have contributed to global temperature changes in the past century. This implies that the BC history needs to be represented realistically in climate change assessments.

Novakov, T.; Ramanathan, V.; Hansen, J.E.; Kirchstetter, T.W.; Sato, M.; Sinton, J.E.; Sathaye, J.A.

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

President Requests $760.4 Million for Fossil Energy Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

President Requests $760.4 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Requests $760.4 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Requests $760.4 Million for Fossil Energy Programs February 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - President Obama's FY 2011 budget seeks $760.4 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to support improved energy security and rapid development of climate-oriented technology. The request includes $586.6 million for Fossil Energy Research and Development, $138.9 million for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, $11.3 million for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve and $23.6 million for the Naval Petroleum Reserves. The FY 2011 budget request will allow FE to fulfill its mission: to provide the nation with the best opportunity to tap the full potential of its abundant fossil energy resources in an environmentally sound and affordable

336

President Requests $638.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

President Requests $638.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Requests $638.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Requests $638.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs April 10, 2013 - 4:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - President Obama's FY 2014 budget seeks $638.0 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to advance technologies related to the reliable, efficient, affordable and environmentally sound use of fossil fuels as well as manage the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve to provide strategic and economic security against disruptions in U.S. oil supplies. The request includes $420.6 million for Fossil Energy Research and Development, $189.4 million for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, $8.0 million for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve and $20.0 million for the Naval Petroleum Reserves.

337

Fossil Energy Program annual progress report for April 1993 through March 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report covers progress made during the period April 1, 1993, through March 31, 1994, for research and development projects that contribute to the advancement of various fossil energy technologies. Projects on the Fossil Energy Program are supported by the DOE Office of Fossil Energy, the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, the DOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, the DOE Fossil Energy Clean Coal Technology Program, the DOE Bartlesville Project Office, the DOE Fossil Energy Office of Petroleum Reserves, and the US Agency for International Development. The five areas of research covered in this report are: Materials research and development; Environmental analysis and support; Bioprocessing; Coal combustion; and Fossil fuels supplies modeling and research. Selected papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Judkins, R.R.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

President Requests $520.7 Million for Fossil Energy Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

520.7 Million for Fossil Energy Programs 520.7 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Requests $520.7 Million for Fossil Energy Programs February 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - President Obama's FY 2012 budget seeks $520.7 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to support improved energy security and rapid development of climate-oriented technology. The request includes $452.9 million for Fossil Energy Research and Development, $121.7 million for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, -$68.8 million for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve and $14.9 million for the Naval Petroleum Reserves. The FY 2012 budget request will allow FE to fulfill its mission: to provide the nation with the best opportunity to tap the full potential of its abundant fossil energy resources in an environmentally sound and affordable

339

Trace fossils and depositional environment of four clastic units, Upper Pennsylvanian megacyclothems, northeast Kansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose 6 Acknowledgments 6 PREVIOUS WORK 6 PALLOGEOGRAPHIC SETTING 8 STRATIGRAPIIIC DESCRIPTIONS 8 Rock Lake Shale and South Bend Limestone 8 Stull Shale Member 10 Tecumseh Shale 11 DISCUSSION 12 Bathymetry of trace fossils... 12 Cyclothems 13 Absence of body fossils 13 Distribution of trace fossils 14 PAGE INTERPRETATION 16 Rock Lake Shale and South Bend Limestone Members 16 Stull Shale Member 17 Tecumseh Shale 18 CONCLUSIONS 19 PALEONTOLOGIC...

Hakes, W. G.

1976-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

340

Launching the Next Wave of Clean Fossil Energy Innovation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Launching the Next Wave of Clean Fossil Energy Innovation Launching the Next Wave of Clean Fossil Energy Innovation Launching the Next Wave of Clean Fossil Energy Innovation December 12, 2013 - 1:15pm Addthis The National Energy Technology Laboratory's chemical looping reactor. This promising approach to capturing carbon dioxide will be among the technologies explored as part of the the Loan Program Office's advanced fossil energy solicitation. | Photo courtesy of the National Energy Technology Laboratory. The National Energy Technology Laboratory's chemical looping reactor. This promising approach to capturing carbon dioxide will be among the technologies explored as part of the the Loan Program Office's advanced

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Margin- Support For A Significantly Elevated Palaeogeothermal Gradient During The Neogene? Jump to:...

342

Life Cycle Assessment of platform chemicals from fossil and lignocellulosic biomass scenarios.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? One of the challenges of our time is the substitution of the existing fossil based economy by a green economy within the framework of (more)

Gallardo Hipolito, Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Projection of world fossil fuel production with supply and demand interactions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Research Doctorate - Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Historically, fossil fuels have been vital for our global energy needs. However climate change is prompting renewed interest (more)

Mohr, Steve

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

E-Print Network 3.0 - agglomeration fossil energy Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are being Summary: and high expectation. Will these developments and other renewable energy conversions one day replace fossil... . That is an enormous shift. Today there is...

345

July 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Fossil Fuels | OSTI, US Dept...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Fossil Fuels Science Subject Feed EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL DETERMINATION OF HEAVY OIL VISCOSITY UNDER RESERVOIR CONDITIONS Dr. Jorge Gabitto; Maria Barrufet (2003) 82 >...

346

Cost and quality of fuels for electric utility plants, 1984  

SciTech Connect

Information on the cost and quality of fossil fuel receipts in 1984 to electric utility plants is presented, with some data provided for each year from 1979 through 1984. Data were collected on Forms FERC-423 and EIA-759. Fuels are coal, fuel oil, and natural gas. Data are reported by company and plant, by type of plant, and by State and Census Region, with US totals. This report contains information on fossil fuel receipts to electric utility plants with a combined steam capacity of 50 megawatts or larger. Previous reports contained data on all electric plants with a combined capacity of 25 megawatts or larger. All historical data in this publication have been revised to reflect the new reporting threshold. Peaking unit data are no longer collected. A glossary of terms, technical notes, and references are also provided. 7 figs., 62 tabs.

Not Available

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The European carbon balance. Part 1: fossil fuel emissions  

SciTech Connect

We analyzed the magnitude, the trends and the uncertainties of fossil-fuel CO2 emissions in the European Union 25 member states (hereafter EU-25), based on emission inventories from energy-use statistics. The stability of emissions during the past decade at EU-25 scale masks decreasing trends in some regions, offset by increasing trends elsewhere. In the recent 4 years, the new Eastern EU-25 member states have experienced an increase in emissions, reversing after a decade-long decreasing trend. Mediterranean and Nordic countries have also experienced a strong acceleration in emissions. In Germany, France and United Kingdom, the stability of emissions is due to the decrease in the industry sector, offset by an increase in the transportation sector. When four different inventories models are compared, we show that the between-models uncertainty is as large as 19% of the mean for EU-25, and even bigger for individual countries. Accurate accounting for fossil CO2 emissions depends on a clear understanding of system boundaries, i.e. emitting activities included in the accounting. We found that the largest source of errors between inventories is the use of distinct systems boundaries (e.g. counting or not bunker fuels, cement manufacturing, nonenergy products). Once these inconsistencies are corrected, the between-models uncertainty can be reduced down to 7% at EU-25 scale. The uncertainty of emissions at smaller spatial scales than the country scale was analyzed by comparing two emission maps based upon distinct economic and demographic activities. A number of spatial and temporal biases have been found among the two maps, indicating a significant increase in uncertainties when increasing the resolution at scales finer than 200 km. At 100km resolution, for example, the uncertainty of regional emissions is estimated to be 60 gCm2 yr1, up to 50% of the mean. The uncertainty on regional fossil-fuel CO2 fluxes to the atmosphere could be reduced by making accurate 14C measurements in atmospheric CO2, and by combining them with transport models.

Ciais, Philippe [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environement, France; Paris, J. D. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environement, France; Peylin, Philippe [National Center for Scientific Research, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Piao, S. L. [National Center for Scientific Research, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; River, L. [National Center for Scientific Research, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Marland, Gregg [ORNL; Levin, I. [University of Heidelberg; Pregger, T. [Universitat Stuttgart; Scholz, Y. [Universitat Stuttgart; Friedrich, R. [Universitat Stuttgart; Schulze, E.-D. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Environmental Impact Evaluation of Conventional Fossil Fuel Production (Oil and Natural Gas) and Enhanced Resource Recovery with Potential CO2 Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first set of results presented were the inventory of air emissions (CO, CO2, CH4, SOx, NOx, NH3, Pb, Hg, etc.), wastewater-containing acids and sulfides, and solid wastes released because of both fossil fuel production and energy usage from the power plant. ... Gases of SO2 and NOx are reported to pollute the air because of conventional oil production activities,16 but these contributions, as displayed by cases I and II, are less compared to the accumulated impacts coming from the CO2 sequestration chain. ... (1)?McKee, B. Solutions for the 21st Century:? Zero Emissions Technology for Fossil Fuels; Technology Status Report, International Energy Agency, Committee for Energy Research Technology, OECD/IEA:? France, 2002. ...

Hsien H. Khoo; Reginald B. H. Tan

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

349

Multifuel fossil fired Power Plant combined with off-shore wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! Condensator pressure 0.022 bar 0.3 psi ! Electric efficiency 48.3 % LHV #12;Main Cycle Efficiency 42 43 44 45 into consideration #12;Reduction of CO2 High efficiency powerstations ? Oilfiring ? Gasfiring ? Offshore wind-koncept with Rolls-Royce-Trent Gas/gas Efficiency Biomasse/Gas Coal/Gas Efficiency Electric Power MW Two

350

Steam Oxidation of Fossil Power Plant Materials: Collaborative Research to Enable Advanced Steam Power Cycles  

Research into improved materials systems and associated manufacturing and reliability issues is a major part of initiatives to produce cleaner and cheaper energy systems in the UK and the USA. Under the auspices of a Memorandum of Understanding on Energy R&D, a work programme concerned with steam oxidation has been conducted. The focus was on the generation of definitive information regarding the oxidation behaviour in steam of current and developmental ferritic steels, austenitic steels, and nickelbased alloys required to enable advanced steam power cycles. The results were intended to provide a basis for quantifying the rate of metal loss expected under advanced steam cycle conditions, as well as understanding of the evolution of oxide scale morphologies with time and temperature to identify features that could influence scale exfoliation characteristics. This understanding and acquired data were used to develop and validate models of oxide growth and loss by exfoliation. This paper provides an overview of the activity and highlights a selection of the results coming from the programme.

A. T. Fry; I. G Wright; N. J Simms; B. McGhee; G. R. Holcomb

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

351

Tracking the Origins of Fossil Fuels | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tailoring the Properties of Magnetic Nanostructures Tailoring the Properties of Magnetic Nanostructures X-ray Holograms Expose Secret Magnetism How Dissolved Metal Ions Interact in Solution One Giant Leap for Radiation Biology? What's in the Cage Matters in Iron Antimonide Thermoelectric Materials Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Tracking the Origins of Fossil Fuels MAY 29, 2007 Bookmark and Share S-XANES absorbance and third derivative absorbance edge spectra of Duvernay (A) Type II kerogen and the results of curve fits using spectra from model compounds. Notice that sharp features appear in the thrid derivative spectrum that are easily associated with FeS2, aliphatic sulfur and

352

NETL: News Release - Six Minority Universities Win Fossil Energy Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 3, 1996 August 3, 1996 Seven Historically Black Colleges Win Support for Fossil Energy R&D WASHINGTON, DC - As part of its efforts to encourage more participation by minority college students and teachers in its national energy program, the Department of Energy (DOE) has selected seven coal, natural gas, and oil research projects to be carried out by student-teacher teams at six Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU). Six of the winning schools will partner with private sector companies and receive Federal research grants totaling $100,000 to $200,000 each. The industry-university partnerships will focus on environmental research in natural gas and oil exploration and production, advanced methods for cleaning sulfur and nitrogen pollutants from coal, and innovative coal use technologies.

353

NETL: News Release - Six Minority Universities Win Fossil Energy Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 7, 1995 August 7, 1995 DOE Adds New Fossil Energy Projects to Historically Black Colleges and Universities Grant Program WASHINGTON, DC - As part of its efforts to encourage more participation by minority college students and teachers in its national energy program, the Department of Energy (DOE) has selected seven natural gas, oil, and coal research projects to be carried out by teacher-student teams at historically black colleges and universities. The institutions will receive Federal research grants, each totalling $100,000 to $200,000, for fundamental research in topics ranging from improved oil and gas recovery and to the environmentally cleaner use of coal. One university, Clark Atlanta University, will also receive a separate smaller grant for a 1-year exploratory effort in oil processing.

354

Formulating Energy Policies Related to Fossil Fuel Use:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CONF-9 O O 255 --I CONF-9 O O 255 --I DE90 008741 Formulating Energy Policies Related to Fossil Fuel Use: i Critical Uncertainties in the Global Carbon Cycle. W. M. Post, V. H. Dale, D. L. DeAngelis, L. K. Mann, P. J. Mulholland, R. V. O'Neill, T. -H. Peng, M. P. Farrell Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Post Office Box 2008 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 The global carbon cycle is the dynamic interaction among the earth's carbon sources and sinks. Understanding the global carbon cycle requires knowledge of the carbon exchanges between major carbon reservoirs by various chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes (Bolin et al., 1979; Rosenberg, 1981; and Solomon et al., 1985). Four reservoirs can be identified, including the atmosphere, terrestrial biosphere (usually

355

Progress performance report of clean uses of fossil fuels  

SciTech Connect

A one-year USDOE/EPSCOR Traineeship Grant, entitled Clean Uses of Fossil Fuels.'' was awarded to the Kentucky EPSCoR Committee in September 1991 and administered through the the DOE/EPSCoR Subcommittee. Ten Traineeships were awarded to doctoral students who are enrolled or accepted into Graduate Programs at either the University of Kentucky or the University of Louisville. The disciplines of these students include Biology, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Geological Sciences, and Physics. The methods used for a statewide proposal solicitation and to award the Traineeships are presented. The review panel and Kentucky DOE/EPSCoR Subcommittee involved in awarding the Traineeships are described. A summary of the proposed research to be performed within these awards is presented, along with a description of the qualifications of the faculty and students who proposed projects. Future efforts to increase participation in Traineeship proposals for the succeeding funding period are outlined.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Progress performance report of clean uses of fossil fuels  

SciTech Connect

A one-year USDOE/EPSCOR Traineeship Grant, entitled ``Clean Uses of Fossil Fuels.`` was awarded to the Kentucky EPSCoR Committee in September 1991 and administered through the the DOE/EPSCoR Subcommittee. Ten Traineeships were awarded to doctoral students who are enrolled or accepted into Graduate Programs at either the University of Kentucky or the University of Louisville. The disciplines of these students include Biology, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Geological Sciences, and Physics. The methods used for a statewide proposal solicitation and to award the Traineeships are presented. The review panel and Kentucky DOE/EPSCoR Subcommittee involved in awarding the Traineeships are described. A summary of the proposed research to be performed within these awards is presented, along with a description of the qualifications of the faculty and students who proposed projects. Future efforts to increase participation in Traineeship proposals for the succeeding funding period are outlined.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Krakow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency Program  

SciTech Connect

The Support for Eastern European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 directed the US Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake an equipment assessment project aimed at developing the capability within Poland to manufacture or modify industrial-scale combustion equipment to utilize fossil fuels cleanly. The project is being conducted in three phases. In Phase I, testing and analytical activities will establish the current level of emissions from existing equipment and operating practices, and will provide estimates of the costs and emission reductions of various options. Phase II consists of a series of public meetings in both Poland and the United States to present the results of Phase I activities. In Phase III, DOE will issue a solicitation for Polish/US joint ventures to perform commercial feasibility studies for the use of US technology in one or more of the areas under consideration. This report provides interim results from Phase 1.

Butcher, T.; Pierce, B.; Krishna, C.R.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Synergistic energy conversion processes using nuclear energy and fossil fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews the methods of producing energy carriers, such as electricity, hydrocarbons and hydrogen, by utilising both nuclear energy and fossil fuels synergistically. There are many possibilities for new, innovative, synergistic processes, which combine chemical and nuclear systems for efficient, clean and economical production of energy carriers. Besides the individual processes by each form of energy to produce the energy carriers, the synergistic processes which use two primary energies to produce the energy carriers will become important with the features of resource saving, CO2 emission reduction and economic production, due to the higher conversion efficiency and low cost of nuclear heat. The synergistic processes will be indispensable to the 21st century, when efficient best-mixed supplies of available primary energies are crucial.

Masao Hori

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

SECA Core Technology Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 3, 2003 June 3, 2003 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Fossil Energy SECA Core Technology IAPG, GPPD-DWC 4/30/03 SECA CORE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM W. Nernst "Electrical Glow-Light" U.S. Patent 623,811 April 25, 1899 C C IAPG, GPPD-DWC 4/30/03 SECA SECA Program Structure Program Management Research Topics Needs Industry Integration Teams Technology Transfer Small Business University National Lab Industry Power Electronics Modeling & Simulation Materials Controls & Diagnostics Fuel Processing Fuel Processing Manufacturing Modeling & Simulation Power Electronics Controls & Diagnostics Manufacturing Materials Core Technology Program Fuel Cell Core Technology Project Management Industry Input IAPG, GPPD-DWC 4/30/03 Core Technology Program Powering All Ships Siemens Westinghouse

360

DOE/NETL's Existing Plants-Emissions and Capture R&D Program Jared Ciferno  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Coal-Fired Power Plants, CCS, and a "Coal-Fired Power Plants, CCS, and a Use for the CO 2 " Charles E. Taylor, Director, Chemistry and Surface Science Division Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory * Only DOE national lab dedicated to fossil energy - Fossil fuels provide 85% of U.S. energy supply * One lab, one management structure, five locations - Full-service DOE Federal laboratory - 3 R&D locations * >1,200 Federal and support- contractor employees * Research spans fundamental science to technology demonstrations Pittsburgh, PA Morgantown, WV Albany, OR Fairbanks, AK Sugar Land, TX Office of Fossil Energy U.S. data from EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011; World data from IEA, World Energy Outlook 2010, Current Policies Scenario 716 QBtu / Year

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fossil primate of uncertain affinities from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt Erik R. Seifferta,1- mate from the earliest late Eocene (37 Ma) of northern Egypt, Nos- mipsaenigmaticus, whosephylogenetic of fossil primates from the Eocene of Algeria (1) and Egypt (2­4), Africa's role in the early evolution

Boyer, Doug M.

362

Proceedings of the 1980 symposium on instrumentation and control for fossil energy processes  

SciTech Connect

The 1980 symposium on Instrumentation and Control for Fossil Energy Processes was held June 9-11, 1980, New Cavalier, Virginia Beach, Virginia. It was sponsored by the Argonne National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy. Forty-five papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA; nine papers had been entered previously from other sources. (LTN)

Doering, R.W. (comp.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Fossil energy: From laboratory to marketplace. Part 2, The role of advanced research  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work is to provide a summary description of the role of advanced research in the overall Fossil Energy R&D program successes. It presents the specific Fossil Energy advanced research products that have been adopted commercially or fed into other R&D programs as part of the crosscutting enabling technology base upon which advanced systems are based.

Not Available

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Poly(3-Hydroxypropionate): a Promising Alternative to Fossil Fuel-Based Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...compete with fossil fuel-based materials...competitive with fossil fuel-based materials...scaffold for tissue engineering is conceivable...still-growing biodiesel production (61...issue: I. Tissue engineering. Int. J. Biol...glycerol resulting from biodiesel production. Environ...

Bjrn Andreeen; Nicolas Taylor; Alexander Steinbchel

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

365

Original article Fossil honey bees and evolution in the genus Apis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Fossil honey bees and evolution in the genus Apis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Michael S well-known fossil honey bee species. Apis henshawi is diagnosed, the holotype described, and a complete. Synapis petrefacta is officially transferred into the genus Apis (new combination) and A. fota and A

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

366

The Council of Industrial Boiler Owners special project on non-utility fossil fuel ash classification  

SciTech Connect

Information is outlined on the Council of Industrial Boiler Owners (CIBO) special project on non-utility fossil fuel ash classification. Data are presented on; current (1996) regulatory status of fossil-fuel combustion wastes; FBC technology identified for further study; CIBO special project methods; Bevill amendment study factors; data collection; and CIBO special project status.

Svendsen, R.L.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Can 3-D models explain the observed fractions of fossil and non-fossil carbon in and near Mexico City?  

SciTech Connect

Abstract. A 3-D chemistry-transport model has been applied to the Mexico City metropolitan area to investigate the origin of elevated levels of non-fossil (NF) carbonaceous aerosols observed in this highly urbanized region. High time resolution measurements of the fine aerosol concentration and composition, and 12 or 24 h integrated 14C measurements of aerosol modern carbon have been performed in and near Mexico City during the March 2006 MILAGRO field experiment. The non-fossil carbon fraction (fNF), which is lower than the measured modern fraction (fM) due to the elevated 14C in the atmosphere caused by nuclear bomb testing, is estimated from the measured fM and the source-dependent information on modern carbon enrichment. The fNF contained in PM1 total carbon analyzed by a US team (f TC NF ) ranged from 0.37 to 0.67 at the downtown location, and from 0.50 to 0.86 at the suburban site. Substantially lower values (i.e. 0.240.49) were found for PM10 filters downtown by an independent set of measurements (Swiss team), which are inconsistent with the modeled and known differences between the size ranges, suggesting higher than expected uncertainties in the measurement techniques of 14C. An increase in the non-fossil organic carbon (OC) fraction (f OC NF ) by 0.100.15 was observed for both sets of filters during periods with enhanced wildfire activity in comparison to periods when fires were suppressed by rain, which is consistent with the wildfire impacts estimated with other methods. Model results show that the relatively high fraction of nonfossil carbon found in Mexico City seems to arise from the combination in about equal proportions of regional biogenic SOA, biomass burning POA and SOA, as well as non-fossil urban POA and SOA. Predicted spatial and temporal variations for f OC NF are similar to those in the measurements between the urban vs. suburban sites, and high-fire vs. low-fire periods. The absolute modeled values of f OC NF are consistent with the Swiss dataset but lower than the US dataset. Resolving the 14C measurement discrepancies is necessary for further progress in model evaluation. The model simulations that included secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from semi-volatile and intermediate volatility (S/IVOC) vapors showed improved closure for the total OA mass compared to simulations which only included SOA from VOCs, providing a more realistic basis to evaluate the fNF predictions. f OC NF urban sources of modern carbon are important in reducing or removing the difference in fNF between model and measurements, even though they are often neglected on the interpretation of 14C datasets. An underprediction of biomass burning POA by the model during some mornings also explains a part of the model-measurement differences. The fNF of urban POA and SOA precursors is an important parameter that needs to be better constrained by measurements. Performing faster ( 3 h) 14C measurements in future campaigns is critical to further progress in this area. To our knowledge this is the first time that radiocarbon measurements are used together with aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) organic components to assess the performance of a regional model for organic aerosols.

Hodzic, Alma; Jimenez, Jose L.; Prevot, A. S. H.; Szidat, S.; Fast, Jerome D.; Madronich, Sasha

2010-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

368

Dr. James J. Markowsky Confirmed as DOE's Assistant Secretary for Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dr. James J. Markowsky Confirmed as DOE's Assistant Secretary for Dr. James J. Markowsky Confirmed as DOE's Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Dr. James J. Markowsky Confirmed as DOE's Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy August 10, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Dr. James J. Markowsky was confirmed by the Senate on August 7, 2009, as the 11th Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy. As Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Dr. Markowsky will serve as the primary policy advisor to the Energy Secretary and the department on issues involving federal coal, oil, and natural gas programs, including extensive research and development efforts in those areas. His responsibilities will include management of the nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve, the Home Heating Oil Reserve, coordinating and implementing the Fossil Energy

369

NETL: News Release - Fossil Energy Research Grants Awarded to Four Minority  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23, 2008 23, 2008 Fossil Energy Research Grants Awarded to Four Minority Universities Students, Faculty to Collaborate in Innovative Projects Washington, DC-Continuing its long-standing minority university research program, the Department of Energy has selected four institutions where students and faculty will investigate projects dealing with sensors and controls, computational energy sciences, and advanced materials for use in fossil fuel power systems. The universities were chosen as the winners in DOE's annual competition for fossil energy research ideas from the nation's Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions (HBCU/OMI). "I am pleased to announce the selection of four outstanding projects that will afford students and their professors the opportunity to tackle highly relevant fossil energy issues," said James A. Slutz, acting Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy. "Their curiosity and tenacity as learners will serve these students well as they help promote our nation's energy security and assure the growth of future energy researchers."

370

Fossil Energy Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2013 Fossil Energy Budget Request for Fiscal Year 2013 March 27, 2012 - 1:12pm Addthis Statement of Mr. Chuck McConnell, Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (nominated), before the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development on FE's FY2013 Budget Request. Mr. Chairman, Members of the Committee, it is my pleasure to appear before you today to present the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) proposed Budget for Fiscal Year 2013. The Office of Fossil Energy's primary objective is to ensure that we can continue to utilize our traditional fuel sources for clean, affordable, reliable energy. Fossil fuels, which provide 83 percent of U.S. energy consumption, are expected to continue to play a critical role in meeting

371

President Requests $881.6 Million for Fossil Energy Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

881.6 Million for Fossil Energy Programs 881.6 Million for Fossil Energy Programs President Requests $881.6 Million for Fossil Energy Programs May 8, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC- President Obama's FY 2010 budget seeks $881.6 million for the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to support improved energy security and rapid development of climate-oriented technology. The request includes $617.6 million for Fossil Energy Research and Development, $229.0 million for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, $11.3 million for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve and $23.6 million for the Naval Petroleum Reserves. Additionally, the FE R&D program will be complemented by $3.4 billion from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. These funds will be used to advance research, development and deployment of carbon capture

372

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2011 Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2011 This paper was prepared in response to recent requests that the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) provide updated summary information regarding fossil fuel production on federal and Indian lands in the United States. It provides EIA's current best estimates of fossil fuels sales from production on federal and Indian lands for fiscal year 2003 through 2011. eia-federallandsales.pdf More Documents & Publications Testimony Before the House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources Before the House Natural Resources Committee Before the Energy and Power Subcommittee - House Energy and Commerce

373

EEE 463 Electrical Power Plants (3) [F] Course (Catalog) Description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Environmental impact of electric generation (3 lectures) 9. Advanced energy conversion systems (geothermalEEE 463 Electrical Power Plants (3) [F] Course (Catalog) Description: Generation of electric power using fossil, nuclear and renewable, including solar, geothermal, wind, hydroelectric, biomass and ocean

Zhang, Junshan

374

High Efficiency Direct Carbon and Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Fossil Fuel Power Generation  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen he1 cells have been under development for a number of years and are now nearing commercial applications. Direct carbon fuel cells, heretofore, have not reached practical stages of development because of problems in fuel reactivity and cell configuration. The carbon/air fuel cell reaction (C + O{sub 2} = CO{sub 2}) has the advantage of having a nearly zero entropy change. This allows a theoretical efficiency of 100 % at 700-800 C. The activities of the C fuel and CO{sub 2} product do not change during consumption of the fuel. Consequently, the EMF is invariant; this raises the possibility of 100% fuel utilization in a single pass. (In contrast, the high-temperature hydrogen fuel cell has a theoretical efficiency of and changes in fuel activity limit practical utilizations to 75-85%.) A direct carbon fuel cell is currently being developed that utilizes reactive carbon particulates wetted by a molten carbonate electrolyte. Pure COZ is evolved at the anode and oxygen from air is consumed at the cathode. Electrochemical data is reported here for the carbon/air cell utilizing carbons derived from he1 oil pyrolysis, purified coal, purified bio-char and petroleum coke. At 800 O C, a voltage efficiency of 80% was measured at power densities of 0.5-1 kW/m2. Carbon and hydrogen fuels may be produced simultaneously at lugh efficiency from: (1) natural gas, by thermal decomposition, (2) petroleum, by coking or pyrolysis of distillates, (3) coal, by sequential hydrogasification to methane and thermal pyrolysis of the methane, with recycle of the hydrogen, and (4) biomass, similarly by sequential hydrogenation and thermal pyrolysis. Fuel production data may be combined with direct C and H2 fuel cell operating data for power cycle estimates. Thermal to electric efficiencies indicate 80% HHV [85% LHV] for petroleum, 75.5% HHV [83.4% LHV] for natural gas and 68.3% HHV [70.8% LHV] for lignite coal. Possible benefits of integrated carbon and hydrogen fuel cell power generation cycles are: (1) increased efficiency by a factor of up to 2 over many conventional fossil fuel steam plants, (2) reduced power generation cost, especially for increasing fossil fuel cost, (3) reduced CO2 emission per kWh, and (4) direct sequestration or reuse (e.g., in enhanced oil or NG recovery) of the CO{sub 2} product.

Steinberg, M; Cooper, J F; Cherepy, N

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

375

Fossil Energy Program. Progress report for November 1979. [35 Wt % Illinois No. 6 coal with Wilsonville recycle solvent  

SciTech Connect

This report - the sixty-fourth of a series - is a compendium of monthly progress reports for the ORNL research and development programs that are in support of the increased utilization of coal and other fossil fuel alternatives to oil and gas as sources of clean energy. The projects reported this month include those for coal conversion development, materials engineering, a coal equipment test program, an atmospheric fluid bed combustor for cogeneration, engineering studies and technical support, process and program analysis, environmental assessment studies, magnetic beneficiation of dry pulverized coal, technical support to the TVA fluid bed combustion program, coal cogeneration/district heating plant assessment, chemical research and development, and technical support to major liquefaction projects.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

U.S.-U.K. Collaboration on Virtual Plant Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-U.K. Collaboration on U.S.-U.K. Collaboration on Virtual Plant Simulation Background Under the auspices of the U.S.-U.K. Memorandum of Understanding and Implementing Agreement for Fossil Energy Research and Technology Development, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) participated in a three-year collaboration on virtual plant simulation with a project team supported by the Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform in

377

Where do fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions from California go? An analysis based on radiocarbon observations and an atmospheric transport model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ET AL. : FOSSIL FUEL CO 2 TRANSPORT IN CALIFORNIA health,fossil fuel combustion, with consequent impacts to human health [health. [ 45 ] Model predictions indicated that some areas within California had higher near-surface fossil fuel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Role of Nuclear Power in Reducing Risk of the Fossil Fuel Prices and Diversity of Electricity Generation in Tunisia: A Portfolio Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the global energy trend to substitute fossil fuel, the nuclear power has known an important ... degrees of uncertainties related to nuclear and fossil fuel. The higher uncertainty of fossil fuel prices make...

Mohamed Ben Abdelhamid; Chaker Aloui; Corinne Chaton

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Metabolic Engineering and Synthetic Biology in Strain Development Every year, we consume about 27 billion barrels of fossil oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

billion barrels of fossil oil. This enormous amount of oil is used for fueling our cars and airplanes

380

Research and development entitled smart structures for fossil energy applications  

SciTech Connect

Two different fiber optic sensors were considered for use in ceramic cross flow filters. The intensity-based sensor was tested with a great degree of success. Even with a computerized data acquisition system, the intensity-based sensor was unable to achieve the resolution of the Fabry-Perot sensor. Another drawback of the intensity sensor is the hysteresis behavior observed over cyclic variation of temperature. We have determined that extrinsic Fabry-Perot fiber optic sensors can be used to measure thermal strains in ceramic cross-flow filters with accuracies of 0.1 {mu}m/m. The single ended approach of the reflective Fabry-Perot sensors is well suited for high thermal strain measurements; the results obtained show that the output of the fiber sensor tracks the temperature changes exactly as expected and shows no noticeable time lag between the measurand and the output signal. Sapphire fibers were manufactured with silica claddings and their spectral attenuation was measured. An intensity based sensor using sapphire fibers was fabricated and its performance calibrated. The success of the Fabry-Perot sensor has proved that such fiber optic sensors are ideally suited for smart structures'' in fossil energy applications. 11 refs., 43 figs.

Claus, R.O.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Monthly, global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel consumption  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines available data, develops a strategy and presents a monthly, global time series of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions for the years 1950 2006. This monthly time series was constructed from detailed study of monthly data from the 21 countries that account for approximately 80% of global total emissions. These data were then used in a Monte Carlo approach to proxy for all remaining countries. The proportional-proxy methodology estimates by fuel group the fraction of annual emissions emitted in each country and month. Emissions from solid, liquid and gas fuels are explicitly modelled by the proportional-proxy method. The primary conclusion from this study is the global monthly time series is statistically significantly different from a uniform distribution throughout the year. Uncertainty analysis of the data presented show that the proportional-proxy method used faithfully reproduces monthly patterns in the data and the global monthly pattern of emissions is relatively insensitive to the exact proxy assignments used. The data and results presented here should lead to a better understanding of global and regional carbon cycles, especially when the mass data are combined with the stable carbon isotope data in atmospheric transport models.

Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Gregg, JS [Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark; Losey, London M [ORNL; Marland, Gregg [ORNL; Boden, Thomas A [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Fossil resource and energy security dynamics in conventional and carbon-constrained worlds  

SciTech Connect

Fossil resource endowments and the future development of fossil fuel prices are important factors that will critically influence the nature and direction of the global energy system. In this paper we analyze a multi-model ensemble of long-term energy and emissions scenarios that were developed within the framework of the EMF27 integrated assessment model inter-comparison exercise. The diverse nature of these models highlights large uncertainties in the likely development of fossil resource (coal, oil, and natural gas) consumption, trade, and prices over the course of the twenty-first century and under different climate policy frameworks. We explore and explain some of the differences across scenarios and models and compare the scenario results with fossil resource estimates from the literature. A robust finding across the suite of IAMs is that the cumulative fossil fuel consumption foreseen by the models is well within the bounds of estimated recoverable reserves and resources. Hence, fossil resource constraints are, in and of themselves, unlikely to limit future GHG emissions. Our analysis also shows that climate mitigation policies could lead to a major reallocation of financial flows between regions, in terms of expenditures on fossil fuels and carbon, and can help to alleviate near-term energy security concerns via the reductions in oil imports and increases in energy system diversity they will help to motivate.

McCollum, David; Bauer, Nico; Calvin, Katherine V.; Kitous, Alban; Riahi, Keywan

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

NREL: TroughNet - Parabolic Trough Power Plant System Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parabolic Trough Power Plant System Technology Parabolic Trough Power Plant System Technology A parabolic trough solar power plant uses a large field of collectors to supply thermal energy to a conventional power plant. Because they use conventional power cycles, parabolic trough power plants can be hybridized-other fuels can be used to back up the solar power. Like all power cycles, trough power plants also need a cooling system to transfer waste heat to the environment. Parabolic trough power plant technologies include: Direct steam generation Fossil-fired (hybrid) backup Operation and maintenance Power cycles Steam Rankine Organic Rankine Combined Wet and dry cooling Power Cycles A photo of an aerial view of a power plant in the middle of a solar field with rows and rows of parabolic troughs tracking. The cooling towers can be seen with the water plume rising into the air. The white water tanks can be seen in the background.

384

Where do fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions from California go? An analysis based on radiocarbon observations and an atmospheric transport model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fossil fuel combustion, with consequent impacts to human health [health. Model predictions indicated that some areas within California had higher near-surface fossil fuel

Riley, W.J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is Associated With the Separation of Oxygen from Air Membrane Technology to Eliminate Oxygen Plant Ion Transport · Produces CO and H2 #12;Revolutionary Platform Technology for Syngas Generation · Ion Transport Membranes /day H2 Ion Transport Membrane Reactor (ITM) production unit demonstrating conversion of air

386

National Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Power Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of National Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Power Plants National Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Power Plants January 25, 2013 - 11:10am Addthis AVESTAR provides high-quality, hands-on, simulator-based workforce training delivered by an experienced team of power industry training professionals for West Virginia students. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Fossil Energy. AVESTAR provides high-quality, hands-on, simulator-based workforce training delivered by an experienced team of power industry training professionals for West Virginia students. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Fossil Energy. Gayland Barksdale Technical Writer, Office of Fossil Energy What Does AVESTAR Provide? Advanced dynamic simulation, control and virtual plant technologies

387

National Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Power Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Power Plants National Lab Helping to Train Operators for Next Generation of Power Plants January 25, 2013 - 11:10am Addthis AVESTAR provides high-quality, hands-on, simulator-based workforce training delivered by an experienced team of power industry training professionals for West Virginia students. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Fossil Energy. AVESTAR provides high-quality, hands-on, simulator-based workforce training delivered by an experienced team of power industry training professionals for West Virginia students. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Fossil Energy. Gayland Barksdale Technical Writer, Office of Fossil Energy What Does AVESTAR Provide? Advanced dynamic simulation, control and virtual plant technologies

388

Secretary Moniz Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Moniz Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy Secretary Moniz Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy Secretary Moniz Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy July 30, 2013 - 1:17pm Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Yesterday, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz toured the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) West Virginia campus and spoke with employees about their work developing the cleaner and more efficient energy technology that's helping power the nation. He was also on hand to dedicate the Lab's newest supercomputer -- a unique tool made to support fossil energy research like chemical looping and carbon capture technologies. The Secretary's remarks to employees focused on the importance of these types of clean technologies being created at the lab as part of the Energy

389

United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Cooperation » United States-United International Cooperation » United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy R&D The United States and the United Kingdom are participating in a multi-year collaboration on advanced materials supported by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The collaboration is an outgrowth of the US-UK Memorandum of Understanding and the associated Implementing Arrangement for Fossil Energy Research and Technology Development. The MOU, signed on November 6, 2000, provides a framework to continue, expand, and maximize cooperation in energy research and development between the two nations.

390

Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Nov. 4 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Nov. 4 Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Nov. 4 Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Nov. 4 October 1, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Dr. James J. Markowsky, who has spearheaded DOE's efforts in the development of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies for the past two years, has announced he will resign as Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (ASFE) effective Nov. 4. Markowsky, who was confirmed Aug. 7, 2009 by the Senate as the 11th ASFE in the history of the Department of Energy (DOE), has been responsible for office operations and managing FE's extensive research and development program (encompassing coal, oil and natural gas) as well as the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. In announcing Markowsky's departure, DOE Secretary Steven Chu said:

391

EA-1778: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and 78: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy EA-1778: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of DOE's Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433, "Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR Part 435, "Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings". Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

392

Fossil Energy Announces Addition of Three Key Staff Members | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Announces Addition of Three Key Staff Members Energy Announces Addition of Three Key Staff Members Fossil Energy Announces Addition of Three Key Staff Members November 16, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy today announced the recent appointment of three key senior staff members to the Office of Fossil Energy - James F. Wood, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Clean Coal; Christopher A. Smith, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Oil and Natural Gas; and Michelle Dallafior, Senior Policy Advisor to the Assistant Secretary. "The Energy Department is fortunate to have attracted such qualified people with relevant industry and Capitol Hill experience," said Dr. James Markowsky, Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy. "Their familiarity with fossil energy issues makes them the right people in the right jobs, and I'm

393

A Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Margin- Support For A Significantly Elevated Palaeogeothermal Gradient During The Neogene? Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Margin- Support For A Significantly Elevated Palaeogeothermal Gradient During The Neogene? Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Rock samples-collected from a recent deep-water exploration well drilled in the Faeroe-Shetland Channel, northwest of the UK-confirm that a distinctive high-amplitude seismic reflector that crosscuts the Upper Palaeogene and Neogene succession and covers an area of 10 000 km(2) is an example of a fossilized Opal A to Opal C/T (Cristobalite/Tridymite)

394

Secretary Moniz Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy Secretary Moniz Speaks on Future of Fossil Energy July 30, 2013 - 1:17pm Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Yesterday, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz toured the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) West Virginia campus and spoke with employees about their work developing the cleaner and more efficient energy technology that's helping power the nation. He was also on hand to dedicate the Lab's newest supercomputer -- a unique tool made to support fossil energy research like chemical looping and carbon capture technologies. The Secretary's remarks to employees focused on the importance of these types of clean technologies being created at the lab as part of the Energy

395

FY 2010 Annual Report Office of Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FY 2010 Annual Report FY 2010 Annual Report Office of Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program I. IntroductIon 2 Office of Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program FY 2010 Annual Report 3 FY 2010 Annual Report Office of Fossil Energy Fuel Cell Program Competitive Innovation: Accelerating Technology Development The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy, through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and in collaboration with private industry, universities and national laboratories, has forged Government-industry partnerships under the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) to reduce the cost of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). This fuel cell technology shall form the basis for integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) systems utilizing coal for clean and efficient

396

OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY (FE) PROGRAMS ARE FOCUSED ON ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE RELIABLE, EFFICIENT, AFFORDABLE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY (FE) PROGRAMS ARE FOCUSED ON OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY (FE) PROGRAMS ARE FOCUSED ON ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE RELIABLE, EFFICIENT, AFFORDABLE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND USE OF FOSSIL FUELS, AND ENHANC- ING U.S. ECONOMIC, ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY SECURITY. FE MANAGES DOE'S FOSSIL ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (FER&D) PROGRAM, WHICH INCLUDES THE CLEAN COAL POWER INITIATIVE (CCPI); CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) AND POWER SYSTEMS PROGRAM; ADVANCED ENERGY SYSTEMS; THE CROSSCUTTING RESEARCH ACTIVITY; AND NATURAL GAS TECHNOLOGIES R&D PROGRAM. IN ADDITION, FE OPERATES THE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE (SPR), THE NORTHEAST HOME HEATING OIL RESERVE, NAVAL PETROLEUM AND OIL SHALE RESERVES (NPOSR) AND ELK HILLS SCHOOL LANDS FUND. EACH OF THESE ACTIVITIES IS IN A SEPARATE APPROPRIATIONS ACCOUNT. A DESCRIPTION OF MAJOR

397

Fossil Energy R&D Returns Significant National Benefit in More Than Three  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy R&D Returns Significant National Benefit in More Than Fossil Energy R&D Returns Significant National Benefit in More Than Three Decades of Achievement Fossil Energy R&D Returns Significant National Benefit in More Than Three Decades of Achievement July 27, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Research and development (R&D) activities at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) have helped increase domestic energy supplies and security, lowered costs, improved efficiencies, and enhanced environmental protection over the past 30 years, according to newly released informational materials. "This newly released information emphatically underscores the historic benefit and future role of FE research in developing and commercially deploying new technologies that provide sustainable benefits to the

398

Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Feb. 1 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Feb. 1 Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Feb. 1 Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy to Depart Feb. 1 January 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Charles McConnell, who has spearheaded DOE's efforts in the development of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies for nearly two years, has announced he will resign as Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (ASFE) effective February 1. McConnell, who was confirmed April 5, 2012, by the Senate as the 12th ASFE in the history of the Department of Energy (DOE), has been responsible for office operations and managing FE's extensive research and development program (encompassing coal, oil and natural gas) as well as the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. In announcing McConnell's departure, DOE Secretary Steven Chu said:

399

>Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring for 1995 on a One Degree Grid Cell Basis (NDP-058a) Prepared by Antoinette L. Brenkert Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6290 Date Published: February 1998 (Revised for the Web: 2003) CONTENTS Abstract Documentation file for Data Base NDP-058a (2-1998) Data Base NDP-058a (2-1998) Abstract Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring for 1995 on a One Degree Grid Cell Basis. (March 1998) Antoinette L. Brenkert DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/ffe.ndp058.2003 This data package presents the gridded (one degree latitude by one degree longitude) summed emissions from fossil-fuel burning, hydraulic cement

400

An ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity: Part I, Documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use Fourier Analysis and related techniques to investigate the question of periodicities in fossil biodiversity. These techniques are able to identify cycles superimposed on the long-term trends of the Phanerozoic. We review prior results and analyze data previously reduced and published. Joint time series analysis of various reductions of the Sepkoski Data, Paleobiology Database, and Fossil Record 2 indicate the same periodicity in biodiversity of marine animals at 62 Myr. We have not found this periodicity in the terrestrial fossil record. We have found that the signal strength decreases with time because of the accumulation of apparently "resistant" long-lived genera. The existence of a 62 Myr periodicity despite very different treatment of systematic error, particularly sampling-strength biases, in all three major databases strongly argues for its reality in the fossil record.

Melott, Adrian L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department published a solicitation making up to$8 billion in loan guarantee authority available to support innovative advanced fossil energy projects that avoid,reduce, or sequester greenhouse gases.

402

Health and safety implications of alternative energy technologies. III. Fossil energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews both innovative fossil energy sources (tar sands, oil shale, ... being considered as suppliers of gaseous and liquid fuels (that is, coal gasification and liquefaction). Potential health and sa...

P. J. Walsh; E. L. Etnier; A. P. Watson

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Large historical changes of fossil-fuel black carbon aerosols T. Novakov,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hansen,3 T. W. Kirchstetter,1 M. Sato,3 J. E. Sinton,1 and J. A. Sathaye1 Received 26 September 2002, M. Sato, J. E. Sinton, and J. A. Sathaye, Large historical changes of fossil-fuel black carbon

404

Liquid Fossil Fuel Technology. Quarterly technical progress report, July-September 1980  

SciTech Connect

Research activities at BETC are summarized under the headings liquid fossil fuel cycle, extraction (resource assessment, production, enhanced recovery), processing (of liquids such as coal liquids, and crudes, thermodynamics), utilization (energy conversion, combustion), and project integration and technology transfer. (DLC)

Linville, B. (ed.)

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Liquid fossil-fuel technology. Quarterly technical progress report, October-December 1982  

SciTech Connect

Progress accomplished for the quarter ending December 1982 is reported for the following research areas: liquid fossil fuel cycle; extraction (technology assessment, gas research, oil research); liquid processing (characterization, thermodynamics, processing technology); utilization; and project integration and technology transfer. (ATT)

Linville, B. (ed.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Liquid fossil fuel technology. Quarterly technical progress report, October-December 1979  

SciTech Connect

Activities and progress are reported in: liquid fossil fuel cycle, extraction (enhanced recovery of oil and gas), processing (of petroleum and alternate fuels), utilization (transportation and energy conversion), and systems integration. BETC publications and finances are listed in appendices. (DLC)

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Funds Awarded to Historically Black Colleges and Universities for Fossil Energy Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy has selected four research projects that will provide educational and research training opportunities for minority students while advancing key technical areas in fossil fuel utilization.

408

Conceptual Design of Optimized Fossil Energy Systems with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aquifers and coal beds. Incorporate GIS layers for regionala GIS database for the state of Ohio, an area where coal-GIS) format to show the location of H 2 demand, fossil energy complexes, coal

Ogden, Joan M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Impacts of Renewable Generation on Fossil Fuel Unit Cycling: Costs and Emissions (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Prepared for the Clean Energy Regulatory Forum III, this presentation looks at the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study and reexamines the cost and emissions impacts of fossil fuel unit cycling.

Brinkman, G.; Lew, D.; Denholm, P.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced fossil energy Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cheap oil and fossil fuels is coming to an end, humanity will face an energy crisis. Many alternative... energy sources have already been identified. However, there is no optimal...

411

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Alternative Fossil Fuel Price and Carbon RegulationScenario, (2) a High Fuel Price Scenario, which includescap- and-trade and high fuel prices are compared to other

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The girdles of the oldest fossil turtle, Proterochersis robusta, and the age of the turtle crown  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proterochersis robusta...from the Late Triassic (Middle Norian) of Germany is the oldest known fossil turtle (i.e. amniote with a fully formed turtle shell), but little is known about...

Walter G Joyce; Rainer R Schoch; Tyler R Lyson

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Ediacarian fossils from the Carolina slate belt, Stanly County, North Carolina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Precambrian Research Unit, Bulletin 12, 250 p. Glaessner, M. F., and Wade, M., 1966, The late Precambrian fossils from Edia- cara, South Australia: Palaeontology, v. 9, p. 599-628. Harris, C. W., and Glover, L., Ill, 1983, An unconformity...

414

ith fossil-fuel combustion and land-use activities threatening to double  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W ith fossil-fuel combustion and land- use activities threatening to double atmospheric carbon and now use this model to explore the response of the central Amazonian forest to an increase in biomass

Chambers, Jeff

415

EMGeo: Risk Minimizing Software for Finding Offshore Fossil Fuels by Fluid Identification  

Berkeley Lab researchers Greg Newman and Michael Commer have developed advanced software for discovering and mapping offshore fossil fuel deposits. When combined with established seismic methods, this software makes possible direct imaging of reservoir fluids....

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

416

Pyritization of fossil mollusk shells and some problems of supergene sulfide formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of specific features of the pyritization of mollusk fossil shells has provided new evidence of the relationship between the generation of hydrosulfides during the bacterial reduction of sulfates and ...

L. Ya. Kizilshtein

417

Woodcutting behavior in beavers (Castoridae, Rodentia): estimating ecological performance in a modern and a fossil taxon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...paleontological evidence: Paleobiology, 23. 482-490. Uhmeier, A., 1995, Some fundamental-aspects of wood chipping: TAPPI Journal, 78, 10. 79-86. Van Valkenburgh, B., 1994, Ecomorphological analysis of fossil vertebrates and their paleocommunities...

Natalia Rybczynski

418

A panorama of the fossil algae: from cyanobacteria and calcimicrobes to the green calcareous algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Initiated in the first half of the 19thcentury, investigations of calcareous algae flourished after the Second World War, in ... When a representative community working on fossil calcareous algae had become esta...

Ioan I. Bucur; Franz T. Frsich

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Fossil Energy Program annual progress report for April 1997 through March 1998  

SciTech Connect

This report covers progress made on research and development projects that contribute to the advancement of fossil energy technologies, covering the areas of coal, clean coal technology, gas, petroleum, and support to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Papers are arranged under the following topical sections: materials research and development; environmental analysis support; bioprocessing research; fossil fuels supplies modeling and research; and oil and gas production.

Judkins, R.R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Is Cumulative Fossil Energy Demand a Useful Indicator for the Environmental Performance of Products?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Is Cumulative Fossil Energy Demand a Useful Indicator for the Environmental Performance of Products? ... The Ecoinvent database v1.2 (4), containing life-cycle information for many products consumed in the western economy, has been used to derive cumulative fossil energy demands and life-cycle impact scores. ... The project work proved to be demanding in terms of co-ordination efforts required and consent identification. ...

Mark A. J. Huijbregts; Linda J. A. Rombouts; Stefanie Hellweg; Rolf Frischknecht; A. Jan Hendriks; Dik van de Meent; Ad M. J. Ragas; Lucas Reijnders; Jaap Struijs

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Hawaii Energy Strategy Project 2: Fossil Energy Review. Task IV. Scenario development and analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) Program is a seven-project effort led by the State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) to investigate a wide spectrum of Hawaii energy issues. The East-West Center`s Program on Resources: Energy and Minerals, has been assigned HES Project 2, Fossil Energy Review, which focuses on fossil energy use in Hawaii and the greater regional and global markets. HES Project 2 has four parts: Task I (World and Regional Fossil Energy Dynamics) covers petroleum, natural gas, and coal in global and regional contexts, along with a discussion of energy and the environment. Task II (Fossil Energy in Hawaii) focuses more closely on fossil energy use in Hawaii: current utilization and trends, the structure of imports, possible future sources of supply, fuel substitutability, and energy security. Task III`s emphasis is Greenfield Options; that is, fossil energy sources not yet used in Hawaii. This task is divided into two sections: first, an in-depth {open_quotes}Assessment of Coal Technology Options and Implications for the State of Hawaii,{close_quotes} along with a spreadsheet analysis model, which was subcontracted to the Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Division of Argonne National Laboratory; and second, a chapter on liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the Asia-Pacific market and the issues surrounding possible introduction of LNG into the Hawaii market.

Yamaguchi, N.D.; Breazeale, K. [ed.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Publications of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program, October 1, 1989--September 30, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program, involves research and development activities for the Department of Energy that cover a wide range of fossil energy technologies. The principal focus of the Laboratory`s fossil energy activities relate to coal, with current emphasis on materials research development; environmental, health, and safety research; and the bioprocessing of coal to produce liquid or gaseous fuels. This bibliography covers the period of October 1, 1989, through September 30, 1991, and is a supplement to the earlier bibliography in this series. It is the intent to list only those publications that can be conveniently obtained by a researcher through relatively normal channels. The publications listed in this document have been limited to topical reports, open literature publications, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, and books and book articles. A major part of the Fossil Energy Program is the Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program. The objective of this Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with a focus on the longer-term needs for materials with general applicability to the various fossil fuel technologies.

Carlson, P.T. [comp.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Publications of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program, October 1, 1989--September 30, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program, involves research and development activities for the Department of Energy that cover a wide range of fossil energy technologies. The principal focus of the Laboratory's fossil energy activities relate to coal, with current emphasis on materials research development; environmental, health, and safety research; and the bioprocessing of coal to produce liquid or gaseous fuels. This bibliography covers the period of October 1, 1989, through September 30, 1991, and is a supplement to the earlier bibliography in this series. It is the intent to list only those publications that can be conveniently obtained by a researcher through relatively normal channels. The publications listed in this document have been limited to topical reports, open literature publications, full-length papers in published proceedings of conferences, and books and book articles. A major part of the Fossil Energy Program is the Advanced Research and Technology Development Materials Program. The objective of this Materials Program is to conduct research and development on materials for fossil energy applications, with a focus on the longer-term needs for materials with general applicability to the various fossil fuel technologies.

Carlson, P.T. (comp.)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fired Power Plants An Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fired Power Plants Using Energy Stored in Main Condenser Cooling Water - University of Florida This project replaces the cooling tower in a fossil fired power plant with an innovative diffusion driven desalination (DDD) plant that will render the power plant a net producer of fresh water. The energy required to drive the desalination process comes from the main condenser cooling water, which would otherwise be discharged. Saline water is used to condense the low pressure steam exiting the turbine. The hot, saline water exiting the condenser is sprayed into the top of a diffusion tower. The diffusion tower is filled with high surface area packing material such as that used in air stripping towers to enhance the water/air surface area. Air is blown through the bottom of the tower and becomes humidified. The humidified air goes to a direct-contact condenser where the fresh water is condensed. This process has an advantage over conventional desalination technology in that it may be driven by waste heat with very low thermodynamic availability. Also, cold air is a byproduct of this process which can be used to cool buildings.

425

"Modern" Coal Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Modern" Coal Plants "Modern" Coal Plants Nature Bulletin No. 331-A February 7, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation "MODERN" COAL PLANTS The Age of Cycads, when those strange tree-like plants predominated, began during the Triassic Period of the earth's geological history, reached its peak during the 60 million years of the Jurassic Period which followed, and ended during the first part of the Cretaceous Period that began about 95 million years ago. During the Jurassic, in addition to Cycades, there were also many species of ginkgos, and conifers which were the ancestors of our modern sequoias and pines. The ginkgo or "Maidenhair Tree", which we have imported from China and Japan, is the only one remaining of that tribe -- "a living fossil".

426

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Flexibility Retrofits for Coal and Gas-Fueled Power Plants: August 2012 - December 2013  

SciTech Connect

High penetrations of wind and solar power plants can induce on/off cycling and ramping of fossil-fueled generators. This can lead to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions for fossil-fueled generators. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) determined these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations to investigate the full impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This report studies the costs and benefits of retrofitting existing units for improved operational flexibility (i.e., capability to turndown lower, start and stop faster, and ramp faster between load set-points).

Venkataraman, S.; Jordan, G.; O'Connor, M.; Kumar, N.; Lefton, S.; Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Palchak, D.; Cochran, J.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Timing is everything : along the fossil fuel transition pathway.  

SciTech Connect

People save for retirement throughout their career because it is virtually impossible to save all you'll need in retirement the year before you retire. Similarly, without installing incremental amounts of clean fossil, renewable or transformative energy technologies throughout the coming decades, a radical and immediate change will be near impossible the year before a policy goal is set to be in place. Therefore, our research question is,To meet our desired technical and policy goals, what are the factors that affect the rate we must install technology to achieve these goals in the coming decades?' Existing models do not include full regulatory constraints due to their often complex, and inflexible approaches to solve foroptimal' engineering instead ofrobust' and multidisciplinary solutions. This project outlines the theory and then develops an applied software tool to model the laboratory-to-market transition using the traditional technology readiness level (TRL) framework, but develops subsequent and a novel regulatory readiness level (RRL) and market readiness level (MRL). This tool uses the ideally-suited system dynamics framework to incorporate feedbacks and time delays. Future energy-economic-environment models, regardless of their programming platform, may adapt this software model component framework ormodule' to further vet the likelihood of new or innovative technology moving through the laboratory, regulatory and market space. The prototype analytical framework and tool, called the Technology, Regulatory and Market Readiness Level simulation model (TRMsim) illustrates the interaction between technology research, application, policy and market dynamics as they relate to a new or innovative technology moving from the theoretical stage to full market deployment. The initial results that illustrate the model's capabilities indicate for a hypothetical technology, that increasing the key driver behind each of the TRL, RRL and MRL components individually decreases the time required for the technology to progress through each component by 63, 68 and 64%, respectively. Therefore, under the current working assumptions, to decrease the time it may take for a technology to move from the conceptual stage to full scale market adoption one might consider expending additional effort to secure regulatory approval and reducing the uncertainty of the technology's demand in the marketplace.

Kobos, Peter Holmes; Walker, La Tonya Nicole; Malczynski, Leonard A.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Carbon emission and mitigation cost comparisons between fossil fuel, nuclear and renewable energy resources for electricity generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study was conducted to compare the electricity generation costs of a number of current commercial technologies with technologies expected to become commercially available within the coming decade or so. The amount of greenhouse gas emissions resulting per kWh of electricity generated were evaluated. A range of fossil fuel alternatives (with and without physical carbon sequestration), were compared with the baseline case of a pulverised coal, steam cycle power plant. Nuclear, hydro, wind, bioenergy and solar generating plants were also evaluated. The objectives were to assess the comparative costs of mitigation per tonne of carbon emissions avoided, and to estimate the total amount of carbon mitigation that could result from the global electricity sector by 2010 and 2020 as a result of fuel switching, carbon dioxide sequestration and the greater uptake of renewable energy. Most technologies showed potential to reduce both generating costs and carbon emission avoidance by 2020 with the exception of solar power and carbon dioxide sequestration. The global electricity industry has potential to reduce its carbon emissions by over 15% by 2020 together with cost saving benefits compared with existing generation.

Ralph E.H. Sims; Hans-Holger Rogner; Ken Gregory

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Allocating resources and products in multi-hybrid multi-cogeneration: What fractions of heat and power are renewable in hybrid fossil-solar CHP?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A general method for the allocation of resources and products in multi-resource/multi-product facilities is developed with particular reference to the important two-resource/two-product case of hybrid fossil & solar/heat & power cogeneration. For a realistic case study, we show how the method allows to assess what fractions of the power and heat should be considered as produced from the solar resource and hence identified as renewable. In the present scenario where the hybridization of fossil power plants by solar-integration is gaining increasing attention, such assessment is of great importance in the fair and balanced development of local energy policies based on granting incentives to renewables resources. The paper extends to the case of two-resource/two-product hybrid cogeneration, as well as to general multi-resource/multi-generation, three of the allocation methods already available for single-resource/two-product cogeneration and for two-resource/single-product hybrid facilities, namely, the ExRR (Exergy-based Reversible-Reference) method, the SRSPR (Single Resource Separate Production Reference) method, and the STALPR (Self-Tuned-Average-Local-Productions-Reference) method. For the case study considered we show that, unless the SRSPR reference efficiencies are constantly updated, the differences between the STALPR and SRSPR methods become important as hybrid and cogeneration plants take up large shares of the local energy production portfolio.

Gian Paolo Beretta; Paolo Iora; Ahmed F. Ghoniem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Greenhouse Gas emissions from California Geothermal Power Plants  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The information given in this file represents GHG emissions and corresponding emission rates for California flash and dry steam geothermal power plants. This stage of the life cycle is the fuel use component of the fuel cycle and arises during plant operation. Despite that no fossil fuels are being consumed during operation of these plants, GHG emissions nevertheless arise from GHGs present in the geofluids and dry steam that get released to the atmosphere upon passing through the system. Data for the years of 2008 to 2012 are analyzed.

Sullivan, John

431

Greenhouse Gas emissions from California Geothermal Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

The information given in this file represents GHG emissions and corresponding emission rates for California flash and dry steam geothermal power plants. This stage of the life cycle is the fuel use component of the fuel cycle and arises during plant operation. Despite that no fossil fuels are being consumed during operation of these plants, GHG emissions nevertheless arise from GHGs present in the geofluids and dry steam that get released to the atmosphere upon passing through the system. Data for the years of 2008 to 2012 are analyzed.

Sullivan, John

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

432

Developer Installed Treatment Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-installed treatment plants. These treatment plants are more commonly known as package wastewater treatment plants. 1

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Followup of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process Systems Hazards Analysis Activity Review, March 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HSS Independent Activity Report - HSS Independent Activity Report - Rev. 0 Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-03-18 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Follow-up of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Review Dates of Activity : 03/18/13 - 03/21/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the restart of the Hazard Analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) System. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, on March 18-21, 2013, was to observe and understand the revised approach

434

Followup of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process Systems Hazards Analysis Activity Review, March 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS Independent Activity Report - HSS Independent Activity Report - Rev. 0 Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-03-18 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Follow-up of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Review Dates of Activity : 03/18/13 - 03/21/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the restart of the Hazard Analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) System. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, on March 18-21, 2013, was to observe and understand the revised approach

435

NEW OPTICAL SENSOR SUITE FOR ULTRAHIGH TEMPERATURE FOSSIL FUEL APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments during the Phase I of a program to develop and demonstrate technology for the instrumentation of advanced powerplants are described. Engineers from Prime Research, LC and Babcock and Wilcox Research Center collaborated to generate a list of potential applications for robust photonic sensors in existing and future boiler plants. From that list, three applications were identified as primary candidates for initial development and demonstration of high-temperature sensors in an ultrasupercritical power plant. A matrix of potential fiber optic sensor approaches was derived, and a data set of specifications for high-temperature optical fiber was produced. Several fiber optic sensor configurations, including interferometric (extrinsic and intrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer), gratings (fiber Bragg gratings and long period gratings), and microbend sensors, were evaluated in the laboratory. In addition, progress was made in the development of materials and methods to apply high-temperature optical claddings to sapphire fibers, in order to improve their optical waveguiding properties so that they can be used in the design and fabrication of high-temperature sensors. Through refinements in the processing steps, the quality of the interface between core and cladding of the fibers was improved, which is expected to reduce scattering and attenuation in the fibers. Numerical aperture measurements of both clad and unclad sapphire fibers were obtained and used to estimate the reduction in mode volume afforded by the cladding. High-temperature sensors based on sapphire fibers were also investigated. The fabrication of an intrinsic Fabry-Perot cavity within sapphire fibers was attempted by the bulk diffusion of magnesium oxide into short localized segments of longer sapphire fibers. Fourier analysis of the fringes that resulted when the treated fiber was interrogated by a swept laser spectrometer suggested that an intrinsic cavity had been formed in the fiber. Also, an unclad sapphire fiber was tested as a temperature sensor at moderate temperatures (up to 775 C).

Russell G. May; Tony Peng; Tom Flynn

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Conceptual Design of a Fossil Hydrogen Infrastructure with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: Case Study in Ohio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION DOE/energy systems with carbon capture and sequestration. Insources. Fossil H 2 with carbon capture and sequestration (

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13- Particulate Emissions from Fossil Fuel Fired Steam or Hot Water Generating Units (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of this regulation is to limit emissions of particulate matter from fossil fuel fired and wood-fired steam or hot water generating units.

438

2012 Annual Planning Summary for Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, RMOTC, and Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2012 and 2013 within Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, RMOTC, and Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office.

439

Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings OIRA Comparison Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document details the Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings in an OIRA Comparison Document.

440

Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document details Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings in a Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 data Data image Documentation Contributors R.J. Andres, T.A. Boden, and G. Marland The 2012 revision of this database contains estimates of the annual, global mean value of δ 13C of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement manufacture for 1751-2009. These estimates of the carbon isotopic signature account for the changing mix of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being consumed and for the changing mix of petroleum from various producing areas with characteristic isotopic signatures. This time series of global fossil-fuel del 13C signature provides an additional constraint for balancing the sources and sinks of the global carbon cycle and complements the atmospheric δ 13C measurements that are used to partition the uptake of fossil carbon emissions among the ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial

442

NETL: News Release - DOE's Fossil Energy Program Provides 10th Year of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 4, 2001 May 4, 2001 DOE's Fossil Energy Program Provides 10th Year of Research Support to Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions PITTSBURGH, PA - With new projects to study microbes that can boost oil recovery to advanced ways of providing high-purity hydrogen for fuel cells, the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy commemorates its 10th year of research support for Historically Black Colleges and Universities and other minority institutions this week with seven new grants. For the last decade, the department's fossil energy program has provided almost $1 million each year specifically to give blacks and other minority students hands-on experience in conducting science and energy research. This year, another $1 million will go to seven institutions for a wide range of projects that tackle many of the nation's major energy concerns - from generating reliable, clean electricity to producing more crude oil and natural gas from domestic fields.

443

Global Collaboration in Clean Fossil Energy A Column from the Deputy Assistant Secretary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, Second Quarter, 2012 6, Second Quarter, 2012 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 Global Collaboration in Clean Fossil Energy A Column from the Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Affairs 3 Exchanging CO 2 for Methane An Update on Methane Hydrate Testing on Alaska's North Slope 4 McConnell Confirmed Charles McConnell Sworn in As 12th Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy in April 5 Hydrogen-Based Fuel Cells New Catalyst Technology Reduces Diesel Engine Idling 7 Petroleum Reserves Degas Program Ensures Crude Oil Always Ready for Use One of the world's fastest supercomputers will be installed at the National Energy Technology Laboratory this summer to help develop solutions to carbon capture, utilization and

444

Fossil Energy Know-How Helps Heart Patients | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fossil Energy Know-How Helps Heart Patients Fossil Energy Know-How Helps Heart Patients Fossil Energy Know-How Helps Heart Patients February 9, 2012 - 10:14am Addthis Researchers from the National Energy Technology Laboratory have received national recognition for developing a new metal alloy that has dramatically improved coronary stents used in patients with heart problems. Coronary stents made from the award-winning platinum-chromium (PtCr) alloy are more flexible and conformable than traditional stents. The improved stents are manufactured by Boston Scientific. | Photo courtesy of Boston Scientific Corporation. Researchers from the National Energy Technology Laboratory have received national recognition for developing a new metal alloy that has dramatically improved coronary stents used in patients with heart problems. Coronary

445

Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 data Data image Documentation Contributors R.J. Andres, T.A. Boden, and G. Marland The 2013 revision of this database contains estimates of the annual, global mean value of δ 13C of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement manufacture for 1751-2010. These estimates of the carbon isotopic signature account for the changing mix of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being consumed and for the changing mix of petroleum from various producing areas with characteristic isotopic signatures. This time series of global fossil-fuel del 13C signature provides an additional constraint for balancing the sources and sinks of the global carbon cycle and complements the atmospheric δ 13C measurements that are used to partition the uptake of fossil carbon emissions among the ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial

446

DOE-EERC Fossil Energy Base Program and Jointly Sponsored Research Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE-EERC FOssil EnERgy BasE PROgRam DOE-EERC FOssil EnERgy BasE PROgRam anD JOintly sPOnsORED REsEaRCh PROgRam Description Since 1998, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), through the Advanced Research Program of the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), has been providing financial support to the University of North Dakota's Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). Within the framework of two cooperative agreements, the EERC performs research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) projects aimed at advancing the deployment of technologies that will improve energy efficiency and environmental performance of fossil energy systems in areas that would otherwise not be adequately addressed by the private sector. Under a Base agreement, the EERC focuses on new concepts for highly efficient,

447

Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 data Data image Documentation Contributors R.J. Andres, T.A. Boden, and G. Marland The 2011 revision of this database contains estimates of the annual, global mean value of del 13C of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement manufacture for 1751-2008. These estimates of the carbon isotopic signature account for the changing mix of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being consumed and for the changing mix of petroleum from various producing areas with characteristic isotopic signatures. This time series of global fossil-fuel del 13C signature provides an additional constraint for balancing the sources and sinks of the global carbon cycle and complements the atmospheric del 13C measurements that are used to partition the uptake of fossil carbon emissions among the ocean, atmosphere, and terrestrial

448

Fossil Energy-Developed Fuel Cell Technology Being Adapted by Navy for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Developed Fuel Cell Technology Being Adapted by Navy Energy-Developed Fuel Cell Technology Being Adapted by Navy for Advanced Unmanned Undersea Vehicles Fossil Energy-Developed Fuel Cell Technology Being Adapted by Navy for Advanced Unmanned Undersea Vehicles January 31, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis An unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) being deployed during a U.S. Office of Naval Research demonstration near Panama City. Solid oxide fuel cell technology being developed by the Office of Fossil Energy for coal-fueled central power generation is being adapted to power UUVs. U.S. Navy photo by Mr. John F. Williams/Released. An unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) being deployed during a U.S. Office of Naval Research demonstration near Panama City. Solid oxide fuel cell technology being developed by the Office of Fossil Energy for coal-fueled

449

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

450

Recovery of Carbon Dioxide in Advanced Fossil Energy Conversion Processes Using a Membrane Reactor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide in Advanced Fossil Energy Conversion Processes Carbon Dioxide in Advanced Fossil Energy Conversion Processes Using a Membrane Reactor Ashok S. Damle * Research Triangle Institute P.O. Box 12194 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 Phone: (919) 541-6146 Fax: (919) 541-6965 E-mail: adamle@rti.org Thomas P. Dorchak National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 880, Mail Stop C04 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 Phone: (304) 285-4305 E-mail: tdorch@netl.doe.gov Abstract Increased awareness of the global warming trend has led to worldwide concerns regarding "greenhouse gas" emissions, with CO 2 being the single greatest contributor to global warming. Fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas) currently supply over 85% of the world's energy needs, and their utilization is the major source of the anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions of

451

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2011 March 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced on Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2011 i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

452

Geographic Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Burning,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions » Gridded Estimates for Benchmark Years Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions » Gridded Estimates for Benchmark Years Geographic Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring on a One Degree by One Degree Grid Cell Basis: 1950 to 1990 (NDP-058) data Data image ASCII Text Documentation PDF file PDF file Contributors R. J. Andres, G. Marland, I. Fung, and E. Matthews (contributors) DOI DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/ffe.ndp058 This data package presents data sets recording 1° latitude by 1° longitude CO2 emissions in units of thousand metric tons of carbon per year from anthropogenic sources for 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990. Detailed geographic information on CO2 emissions can be critical in understanding the pattern of the atmospheric and biospheric response to these emissions.

453

renewable sources of power. Demand for fossil fuels surely will overrun supply s  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

renewable sources of power. Demand for fossil fuels surely will overrun supply sooner or later, renewable sources of power. Demand for fossil fuels surely will overrun supply sooner or later, as indeed it already has in the casc of United States domestic oil drilling. Recognition also is growing that our air and land can no longer absorb unlimited quantities of waste from fossil fuel extraction and combustion. As that day draws nearer, policymakers will have no realistic alternative but to turn to sources of power that today make up a viable but small part of America's energy picture. And they will be forced to embrace energy efficiencies - those that are within our reach today, and those that will be developed tomorrow. Precisely when they come lo grips with that reality - this year, 10 years from now, or 20 years from now - will determine bow smooth the transition will be for consumers and industry alike.

454

Fossil fuel producing economies have greater potential for industrial interfuel substitution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study analyzes industrial interfuel substitution in an international context using a large unbalanced panel dataset of 63 countries. We find that compared to other countries fossil fuel producing economies have higher short-term interfuel substitution elasticities. This difference increases further in the long run as fossil fuel producing countries have a considerably longer adjustment of their fuel-using capital stock. These results imply lower economic cost for policies aimed at climate abatement and more efficient utilization of energy resources in energy-intensive economies.

Jevgenijs Steinbuks; Badri G. Narayanan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Frozen plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frozen plants Frozen plants Name: janicehu Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: Why do some plants freeze and others do not? Replies: The main reason some plants freeze and others do not is that some plants do not have much water in them. Pine tree leaves have little water and are therefore difficult to freeze. Another reason is that some plants make chemicals to put into their fluids that reduce the freezing temperature. Salts and oils are some. The polyunsaturated fats found in many plants freeze at a lower temperature than the saturated fats found in many animals. Therefore plant fats are liquid (oils) at room temperature, and animal fats are solid. Plants could not use so many saturated fats as warm blooded animals do or they would freeze up solid at higher temperatures. I know little of plants but many animals can make ethylene glycol to keep themselves from freezing. Ethylene glycol is the active ingredient in car anti-freeze

456

Carnivorous Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carnivorous Plants Carnivorous Plants Nature Bulletin No. 597-A March 27, 1976 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CARNIVOROUS PLANTS Plants, generally, are eaten by insects or furnish other food for them. But there are a few families of strange plants that, instead, "eat" insects and other small animals. About 500 species are distributed over the world, from the arctic to the tropics. Most of them have peculiar leaves that not only attract insects but are equipped to trap and kill their victims. Even more remarkable is the fact that some have glands which secrete a digestive juice that softens and decomposes the animal until it is absorbed by the plant in much the same way as your stomach digests food.

457

Innovative fossil fuel fired vitrification technology for soil remediation. Volume 1, Phase 1: Annual report, September 28, 1992--August 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Vortex has successfully completed Phase 1 of the ``Innovative Fossil Fuel Fired Vitrification Technology for Soil Remediation`` program with the Department of Energy (DOE) Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC). The Combustion and Melting System (CMS) has processed 7000 pounds of material representative of contaminated soil that is found at DOE sites. The soil was spiked with Resource Conversation and Recovery Act (RCRA) metals surrogates, an organic contaminant, and a surrogate radionuclide. The samples taken during the tests confirmed that virtually all of the radionuclide was retained in the glass and that it did not leach to the environment. The organic contaminant, anthracene, was destroyed during the test with a Destruction and Removal Efficiency (DRE) of at least 99.99%. RCRA metal surrogates, that were in the vitrified product, were retained and will not leach to the environment--as confirmed by the TCLP testing. Semi-volatile RCRA metal surrogates were captured by the Air Pollution Control (APC) system, and data on the amount of metal oxide particulate and the chemical composition of the particulate were established for use in the Phase 2 APC system design. This topical report will present a summary of the activities conducted during Phase 1 of the ``Innovative Fossil Fuel Fired Vitrification Technology for Soil Remediation`` program. The report includes the detail technical data generated during the experimental program and the design and cost data for the preliminary Phase 2 plant.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fate of As, Se, Hg in a Passive Integrated System for Treatment of Fossil Plant Wastewater - Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Fate of As, Se, Hg in a Passive Integrated System for Treatment of Fossil Plant Wastewater - Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) TVA, in cooperation with EPRI and the American Electric Power (AEP), is installing a demonstration passive treatment system at the Paradise Fossil Plant near Drakesboro, Kentucky, to treat ammonia in the flue gas desulfurization (FGD) effluent stream. The passive system is used to convert ammonia in the wastewater to nitrate in an aerobic component, followed by denitrification in anaerobic wetlands. In addition to NH 4, the wastewater stream also contains other hazardous pollutants captured from flue gas emissions, including arsenic (As), selenium (Se), and mercury (Hg). Biogeochemical reactions could affect the retention and speciation of As, Se, and Hg in the wastewater as it moves through the treatment system. A more thorough understanding of these transformations is needed. For this project, an extraction trench component is being used for removal of As, Se, and Hg. This extraction trench is integrated into the passive system components described above, which is installed and operated by TVA with support from EPRI.

459

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF OPTIMIZED FOSSIL ENERGY SYSTEMS WITH CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE  

SciTech Connect

In this semi-annual progress report, we describe research results from an ongoing study of fossil hydrogen energy systems with CO{sub 2} sequestration. This work was performed under NETL Award No. DE-FC26-02NT41623, during the six-month period September 2002 through March 2003. The primary objective of the study is to better understand system design issues and economics for a large-scale fossil energy system co-producing H{sub 2} and electricity with CO{sub 2} sequestration. This is accomplished by developing analytic and simulation methods for studying the entire system in an integrated way. We examine the relationships among the different parts of a hydrogen energy system, and attempt to identify which variables are the most important in determining both the disposal cost of CO{sub 2} and the delivered cost of H{sub 2}. A second objective is to examine possible transition strategies from today's energy system toward one based on fossil-derived H{sub 2} and electricity with CO{sub 2} sequestration. We are carrying out a geographically specific case study of development of a fossil H{sub 2} system with CO{sub 2} sequestration, for the Midwestern United States, where there is presently substantial coal conversion capacity in place, coal resources are plentiful and potential sequestration sites in deep saline aquifers are widespread.

Joan M. Ogden

2003-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

460

EIS-0366: Implementation of the Office of Fossil Energy's Carbon Sequestration Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announces its intent to prepare a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) to assess the potential environmental impacts from the Department of Energys (DOEs) Carbon Sequestration Program, which is being implemented by the Office of Fossil Energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Global impact of fossil fuel combustion on atmospheric NOx Larry W. Horowitz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

potential than emissions in the United States to perturb the global oxidizing power of the atmosphere. #12% of NOx concentrations in the lower and middle troposphere throughout the extratropical northern of the ocean. Sources in the United States are found to contribute about half of the fossil fuel NOx over

Jacob, Daniel J.

462

Liquid fossil fuel technology. Quarterly technical progress report, January-March 1981  

SciTech Connect

The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center's research activities are summarized under the following headings: liquid fossil fuel cycle; extraction which is subdivided into resource assessment and production; liquid processing which includes characterization of liquids from petroleum, coal, shale and other alternate sources, thermodynamics and process technology; utilization; and project integration and technology transfer. (ATT)

Not Available

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Liquid fossil fuel technology. Quarterly technical progress report, October-December 1980  

SciTech Connect

Highlights of research activities at BETC during the past quarter are summarized in this document. Major research areas include: liquid fossil fuel cycle, extraction (resource assessment and enhanced production); processing (characterization, thermodynamics, and process technology); utilization; and product integration and technology transfer.

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Liquid fossil fuel technology. Quarterly technical progress report, July-September 1979  

SciTech Connect

The in-house results at Bartlesville Energy Technology Center on the liquid fossil fuel cycle are presented. The cycle covers extraction, processing, utilization, and environmental technology of the liquid fuels derived from petroleum, heavy oils, tar sands, oil shale, and coal.

Linville, B. (ed.)

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Patterns of extinction and biodiversity in the fossil record Ricard V. Sole and Mark Newman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patterns of extinction and biodiversity in the fossil record Ricard V. Sol´e and Mark Newman Santa in biodiversity towards the present, punctuated by a number of large extinction events which wiped out a signi#2 families C - O S D C P Tr J K T Figure 1: Number of known marine families alive over the time interval from

Newman, Mark

466

Liquid fossil-fuel technology. Quarterly technical progress report, April-June 1982  

SciTech Connect

This report primarily covers in-house oil, gas, and synfuel research and lists the contracted research. The report is broken into the following areas: liquid fossil fuel cycle, extraction, processing, utilization, and project integration and technology transfer. BETC publications are listed. (DLC)

Linville, B. (ed.)

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Instructions for CEC-1250E-4 Biomass and Fossil Fuel Usage Report for Biomass Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Instructions for CEC-1250E-4 Biomass and Fossil Fuel Usage Report for Biomass Facilities Biomass energy input basis in the upcoming calendar year? - Please check "yes" or "no." 12. Types of Biomass Fuel Used - Please report the quantity and supplier of the following types of biomass fuel used

468

Conceptual Design of Optimized Fossil Energy Systems with Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide  

SciTech Connect

In this final progress report, we describe research results from Phase I of a technical/economic study of fossil hydrogen energy systems with CO{sub 2} sequestration. This work was performed under NETL Award No. DE-FC26-02NT41623, during the period September 2002 through August 2005 The primary objective of the study is to better understand system design issues and economics for a large-scale fossil energy system co-producing H{sub 2} and electricity with CO{sub 2} sequestration. This is accomplished by developing analytic and simulation methods for studying the entire system in an integrated way. We examine the relationships among the different parts of a hydrogen energy system, and identify which variables are the most important in determining both the disposal cost of CO{sub 2} and the delivered cost of H{sub 2}. A second objective is to examine possible transition strategies from today's energy system toward one based on fossil-derived H{sub 2} and electricity with CO{sub 2} sequestration. We carried out a geographically specific case study of development of a fossil H{sub 2} system with CO{sub 2} sequestration, for the Midwestern United States, where there is presently substantial coal conversion capacity in place, coal resources are plentiful and potential sequestration sites in deep saline aquifers are widespread.

Joan M. Ogden

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

469

Analyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy products and an energy saving allowance trading market is the most cost- effective design, whileAnalyzing the Regional Impact of a Fossil Energy Cap in China Da Zhang, Valerie Karplus, Sebastian Rausch and Xiliang Zhang Report No. 237 January 2013 China Energy & Climate Project TSINGHUA - MIT #12

470

Impacts of Wind and Solar on Fossil-Fueled Generators: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

High penetrations of wind and solar power will impact the operations of the remaining generators on the power system. Regional integration studies have shown that wind and solar may cause fossil-fueled generators to cycle on and off and ramp down to part load more frequently and potentially more rapidly. Increased cycling, deeper load following, and rapid ramping may result in wear-and-tear impacts on fossil-fueled generators that lead to increased capital and maintenance costs, increased equivalent forced outage rates, and degraded performance over time. Heat rates and emissions from fossil-fueled generators may be higher during cycling and ramping than during steady-state operation. Many wind and solar integration studies have not taken these increased cost and emissions impacts into account because data have not been available. This analysis considers the cost and emissions impacts of cycling and ramping of fossil-fueled generation to refine assessments of wind and solar impacts on the power system.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Kumar, N.; Besuner, P.; Agan, D.; Lefton, S.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca Paleothermometery from Calcareous Marine Fossils Yair Rosenthal1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca Paleothermometery from Calcareous Marine Fossils Yair Rosenthal1 and Braddock discusses the four important paleotemperature proxies, namely Mg/Ca in planktonic foraminifera and Sr/Ca in corals as recorders of sea surface temperatures and Mg/Ca in benthic foraminifera and ostracodes

Linsley, Braddock K.

472

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2013  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that total sales of fossil fuels from production1 on federal and Indian lands decreased by 7% during fiscal year 2013. The decrease in production on federal lands alone was also 7%. Sales from production on Indian lands, which account for less than 7% of total federal and Indian lands production, increased by 9%.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Fossil fuel prices, exchange rate, and stock market: A dynamic causality analysis on the European market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article investigates causality between fossil fuel prices, exchange rates and the German Stock Index (DAX). The analysis is conducted dynamically with the use of rolling VAR methodology on the basis of weekly data from the period October 2001June 2012. The results obtained show that the relationship between the variables changed over time depending on the level of volatility in financial markets.

S?awomir ?miech; Monika Papie?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Structural rehabilitation of a fossil power station after major fire damage  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the eruption and course of a fire at a fossil power station. Focus is on the damage to the building and the reinforced concrete pedestal, and the assessments and repairs involved in the restoration. Emphasis is given to the pedestal since, both the response to fire and the repair for such a massive structure are of particular interest.

Freskakis, G.N.; Archer, J.C. (Burns and Roe, Inc., Oradell, NJ (USA)); Shipskie, W.P. (Seminole Electric Cooperative, Inc., Tampa, FL (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Office of Fossil Energy Kicks Off 19th Year of Mickey Leland Energy Fellowship  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Fossil Energys Mickey Leland Energy Fellowship kicked off its 19th year this June with a class of 44 undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students joining one of the Department of Energys premier educational programs.

476

NYSGA 2010 Trip 4 -Olsen Fossil Great Lakes of the Newark Supergroup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the dinosaurs, the rifting process, carbon sequestration, and chaos in the Solar System. INTRODUCTION: THE TRIASSIC-JURASSIC GREAT LAKES OF CENTRAL PANGEA This guidebook focuses of the deposits, fossils dimension comparable to the scale of the American Great Lakes or the East African Great Lakes and perhaps

Olsen, Paul E.

477

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil production: a critique-fuels based on palm oil to re- duce greenhouse gas emissions, due account should be taken of carbon emissions fuel use in palm oil pro- duction, making a number of assumptions that I believe to be incorrect

478

Eocene fossil is earliest evidence of flower-visiting by birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fossil record. Bill shape alone often does not provide unambiguous clues on the diet...flower-visiting of Pumiliornis. Although pollen size does not allow discrimination of insect and...Family Nectariniidae (sunbirds). In Handbook of the birds of the world, penduline-tits...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Global partitioning of NOx sources using satellite observations: Relative roles of fossil fuel combustion, biomass burning and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combustion, biomass burning and soil emissions Lyatt Jaegle´ ,a Linda Steinberger,a Randall V. Martinbc anthropogenic emissions, mostly resulting from fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, are superimposed-CHEM chemical transport model. Top-down NOx sources are partitioned among fuel combustion (fossil fuel

Lyatt Jaeglé

480

DOE Signs Cooperative Agreement for New Hydrogen Power Plant | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Signs Cooperative Agreement for New Hydrogen Power Plant DOE Signs Cooperative Agreement for New Hydrogen Power Plant DOE Signs Cooperative Agreement for New Hydrogen Power Plant November 6, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has signed a cooperative agreement with Hydrogen Energy California LLC (HECA) to build and demonstrate a hydrogen-powered electric generating facility, complete with carbon capture and storage, in Kern County, Calif. The new plant is a step toward commercialization of a clean technology that enables use of our country's vast fossil energy resources while addressing the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. HECA, which is owned by Hydrogen Energy International, BP Alternative Energy, and Rio Tinto, plans to construct an advanced integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant that will produce power by

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "fossil plants restarting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Salton Sea 10 MWe power plant, unit 1  

SciTech Connect

The Southern California Edison Company's Salton Sea Geothermal Electric Project is the second of two flashsteam projects located in the Imperial Valley of California to successfully demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing steam from highly saline geothermal fluids for electric power generation. The objective of Edison's Power Plant Unit 1 program at the Salton Sea KGRA is to develop design, operating, and economic criteria for commercial geothermal developments in the Imperial Valley of California. The Edison plant is designed specifically for utilization of geothermal steam and employs principles found in conventional fossil-fueled electric generating plants. This plant serves as a model of a full scale commercial plant, using systems and components which likely will be utilized in large scale follow-on units.

Moss, W.E.; Whitescarver, O.D.; Yamasaki, R.N.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States  

SciTech Connect

Quantification of fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions at fine space and time resolution is emerging as a critical need in carbon cycle and climate change research. As atmospheric CO{sub 2} measurements expand with the advent of a dedicated remote sensing platform and denser in situ measurements, the ability to close the carbon budget at spatial scales of {approx}100 km{sup 2} and daily time scales requires fossil fuel CO{sub 2} inventories at commensurate resolution. Additionally, the growing interest in U.S. climate change policy measures are best served by emissions that are tied to the driving processes in space and time. Here we introduce a high resolution data product (the 'Vulcan' inventory: www.purdue.edu/eas/carbon/vulcan/) that has quantified fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions for the contiguous U.S. at spatial scales less than 100 km{sup 2} and temporal scales as small as hours. This data product, completed for the year 2002, includes detail on combustion technology and 48 fuel types through all sectors of the U.S. economy. The Vulcan inventory is built from the decades of local/regional air pollution monitoring and complements these data with census, traffic, and digital road data sets. The Vulcan inventory shows excellent agreement with national-level Department of Energy inventories, despite the different approach taken by the DOE to quantify U.S. fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions. Comparison to the global 1{sup o} x 1{sup o} fossil fuel CO{sub 2} inventory, used widely by the carbon cycle and climate change community prior to the construction of the Vulcan inventory, highlights the space/time biases inherent in the population-based approach.

Gurney, Kevin R.; Mendoza, Daniel L.; Zhou, Yuyu; Fischer, Marc L.; Miller, Chris C.; Geethakumar, Sarath; de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

483

Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Quantification of the spatial distribution of sector-specific fossil fuel CO2 emissions provides strategic information to public and private decision-makers on climate change mitigation options and can provide critical constraints to carbon budget studies being performed at the national to urban scales. This study analyzes the spatial distribution and spatial drivers of total and sectoral fossil fuel CO2 emissions at the state and county levels in the United States. The spatial patterns of absolute versus per capita fossil fuel CO2 emissions differ substantially and these differences are sector-specific. Area-based sources such as those in the residential and commercial sectors are driven by a combination of population and surface temperature with per capita emissions largest in the northern latitudes and continental interior. Emission sources associated with large individual manufacturing or electricity producing facilities are heterogeneously distributed in both absolute and per capita metrics. The relationship between surface temperature and sectoral emissions suggests that the increased electricity consumption due to space cooling requirements under a warmer climate may outweigh the savings generated by lessened space heating. Spatial cluster analysis of fossil fuel CO2 emissions confirms that counties with high (low) CO2 emissions tend to be clustered close to other counties with high (low) CO2 emissions and some of the spatial clustering extends to multi-state spatial domains. This is particularly true for the residential and transportation sectors, suggesting that emissions mitigation policy might best be approached from the regional or multi-state perspective. Our findings underscore the potential for geographically focused, sector-specific emissions mitigation strategies and the importance of accurate spatial distribution of emitting sources when combined with atmospheric monitoring via aircraft, satellite and in situ measurements. Keywords: Fossil-fuel; Carbon dioxide emissions; Sectoral; Spatial cluster; Emissions mitigation policy

Zhou, Yuyu; Gurney, Kevin R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Case Study of the Emissions from a Heavy-Oil-Fueled Hungarian Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Case Study of the Emissions from a Heavy-Oil-Fueled Hungarian Power Plant ... More than 50% of the electric power in Hungary is produced by fossil-fuel-burning power plants. ... 15 The concentration of the pollutant at a location is described by an explicit function in Descartes coordinate system, where the origin is the source; the direction of the abscissa is the same as the wind direction. ...

Jnos Osn; Szabina Trk; Jen Fekete; Anders Rindby

2000-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

485

An Update ofthe U.S. Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Issue No. 4, Fat, ,991 3 Issue No. 4, Fat, ,991 An Update ofthe U.S. Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy Nine New Clean Coal Technology Projects Selected In Fourth Round of Competition Clean Coal Briefs Highlights ofthis past quarter of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstra- tion Program include the addition 01 nine new projects selected for funding under the fourth round of competition, a new $203 million cooperative agree- ment for a pressurized circulating flu- idized bed combustion plant in Des Moines, Iowa, and the kick-off of next year's planned fifth round with the announcement of public meetings (see separate stories for details). The 42 government-industry projects now in the Clean Coal Pro- gram family-with a total value ex-

486

J.K. Spruce power plant, Unit 1, San Antonio, Texas  

SciTech Connect

CPS Energy's J.K. Spruce power plant, Unit 1 was recently recognised by the EUCG Fossil Productivity Committee as the best performer in the large coal plant category over the 2002-2006 evaluation period. The competition was tough, with more than 80 plants in the running, but Unit 1 emerged as the clear winner by earning top points for high plant reliability and very low nonfuel O & M costs. It meets its environmental goals when burning PRB coal in its tangentially fired furnace with recently upgraded low NOx burners, overfire air and a new combustion control system. A baghouse and wet flue gas desulfurization system clean up combustion products. 3 photos.

Peltier, R. [CPS Energy (United States)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Cost and quality of fuels for electric utility plants 1991  

SciTech Connect

Data for 1991 and 1990 receipts and costs for fossil fuels discussed in the Executive Summary are displayed in Tables ES1 through ES7. These data are for electric generating plants with a total steam-electric and combined-cycle nameplate capacity of 50 or more megawatts. Data presented in the Executive Summary on generation, consumption, and stocks of fossil fuels at electric utilities are based on data collected on the Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-759, ``Monthly Power Plant Report.`` These data cover all electric generating plants. The average delivered cost of coal, petroleum, and gas each decreased in 1991 from 1990 levels. Overall, the average annual cost of fossil fuels delivered to electric utilities in 1991 was $1.60 per million Btu, a decrease of $0.09 per million Btu from 1990. This was the lowest average annual cost since 1978 and was the result of the abundant supply of coal, petroleum, and gas available to electric utilities. US net generation of electricity by all electric utilities in 1991 increased by less than I percent--the smallest increase since the decline that occurred in 1982.3 Coal and gas-fired steam net generation, each, decreased by less than I percent and petroleum-fired steam net generation by nearly 5 percent. Nuclear-powered net generation, however, increased by 6 percent. Fossil fuels accounted for 68 percent of all generation; nuclear, 22 percent; and hydroelectric, 10 percent. Sales of electricity to ultimate consumers in 1991 were 2 percent higher than during 1990.

Not Available

1992-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

488

Cost and quality of fuels for electric utility plants 1991  

SciTech Connect

Data for 1991 and 1990 receipts and costs for fossil fuels discussed in the Executive Summary are displayed in Tables ES1 through ES7. These data are for electric generating plants with a total steam-electric and combined-cycle nameplate capacity of 50 or more megawatts. Data presented in the Executive Summary on generation, consumption, and stocks of fossil fuels at electric utilities are based on data collected on the Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-759, Monthly Power Plant Report.'' These data cover all electric generating plants. The average delivered cost of coal, petroleum, and gas each decreased in 1991 from 1990 levels. Overall, the average annual cost of fossil fuels delivered to electric utilities in 1991 was $1.60 per million Btu, a decrease of $0.09 per million Btu from 1990. This was the lowest average annual cost since 1978 and was the result of the abundant supply of coal, petroleum, and gas available to electric utilities. US net generation of electricity by all electric utilities in 1991 increased by less than I percent--the smallest increase since the decline that occurred in 1982.3 Coal and gas-fired steam net generation, each, decreased by less than I percent and petroleum-fired steam net generation by nearly 5 percent. Nuclear-powered net generation, however, increased by 6 percent. Fossil fuels accounted for 68 percent of all generation; nuclear, 22 percent; and hydroelectric, 10 percent. Sales of electricity to ultimate consumers in 1991 were 2 percent higher than during 1990.

Not Available

1992-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

489

A REVIEW OF LIGHT-WATER REACTOR SAFETY STUDIES. VOLUME 3 OF THE FINAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL ELECTRIC GENERATION IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health and Safety Impacts of Nuclear, Geothermal, and Fossil- Fuel3 of HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF FOSSIL-FUEL NUCLEAR,HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND FOSSIL-FUEL

Nero, A.V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z